The Insect pest survey bulletin

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00032

Full Text


6 I,


THE INSECT PEST SURVEY
B U L L ET I N -



A periodical rview of mtmaogica cdtio throughout the United States,
isaed on the first of each momth from March to November, inclusive.


Vohune 6 October 1, 1926 Number 8


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY

UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF AGRIC U LTURE
AND
THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL
AGENCIES COOPERATING


ek













V 0..:. .. '" ". 1 9 6 .' "
INS CT P Z-S'. S'UR v EY.T.Bt'L.L.E T I"M


bol.6 October 1, 1 .96 NTo. S


*OUTSTANDING EF2OMOLOOICAL FEUR, S IN UM U11TED ST.LTES. 'FOR SETEMBER, 1926

Among the more interesting f1attires of, the past month have been the
'reports received from New- York State6of the presence of the three recently
introduced 9carabaeid beetles Poillia .iaponica Nevrn. Autoserica.castanhea
'ArroTw, and A.omala orientals lWaterh,. One .moved in from the south, one from
the east,. and the last, Autoserica ccstnca' Aayo. apparently was introduced
somewhere in the vicinity of greater Pew York, .. .

P farther detailed reports .on'the Hessian-fly situation have been received
from !iaryland, Virginia, Illinois, and 1Kansas. .The conditions in Maryland,
Illinois, and Ohio indicate that eastward...in-general the fly is not-seriously
increasing, The Kansas situation is not so favorable.

P rcs.aent indications are that in. the Ohio' iver Valley the chinch bug -ill
go into hibernation in materially reduced numbers, -hile i.n the Jrt .of .the
chinch bg'belt west of the Mississippi River they -till ii al.l probability
enter the winter in large number s .

P Fromn Gcorgia'northrestmrrd.to. Nebraska the corn eqr -sorm is reported. s
generally serious. " ..

The: fall armyorm. is very destructive over limited areas in South Carolina,
Georgia, and Mississippi,

Over the southern part of the. eastern fruit belt from South Carolina across
southern Indiana .and'.Illinoi:, th!e-codling moth is. reported in general as. more
serious than usual. : '

In the Gulf.,reglvn rid- Georgia the harlequin ing is extremely abundant on
collards-and cabbagez, .'

The Mexican bean beetle has.been i ecotded from mueh farther to the northeast
during the month,erecorfis havin been'-received from Dauphin Count-y near
Harrisburg, asa *e s'fro" Bedford County, which, ie several counties .est of
"the original 'infestation in. that. State. Tn Maryland the'-inb'ect has advanced
eastward to Washington County.ih.ilo ik. Virginia the insect has advanced to
very nearly the eastern border of the State in Freddritk,' Page, ani Gulpeper
Counties. ...

The. bean aphid.has developed in u=precedcnted numbcrsin 1he ,ca;kery-
bean sections of Ohio where it is causing consi rabl.e .damage among. the"
canners of lima and string beans, ,. ':"
he boll ieovil is reported as doing considerable damage to the top crop,.
Ho-vever, the main crop is made and there is no serious concern over this
late infestation, --,









This year marks one of the unusual advances of the cotton leaf -orm
-into the Northern States. Late.f n,l0.y or:z.ield workers in 'thartan 5crty, "
-.- ex, foundn. pupae. and..r.ecently.. emerged ad11ts:qmte_ numerous, These continued
to multiply throughout June in south-central Texas. HeaVyy flight took place
?tro. this center .il early July, and by the' 6th of il-'. lar-ae -;ere appearing
in northern MississippiIouisiana, and -Arkansas. From this ner center a brood
appeared about Scpt'L1iet'l"' This.brobd' sveft v orthf-ard, 'baing recorded in
Mi'chigan on SepteCmber- 5, in ey' Yo:k oft the .7th,.,and 'in 'Ma'czsachusctts on -the
12-th. The *moth continued to;drift,.in*o tho'uppur-.DUis.issipiA -plley and 3ast:er=
States in. increasing numbers throia.-/?:t. the month, By the. middle of the mqnth
larvae of, this 'le st btocd were *st'r.ip -5ng.,the"t-tVton fields in' Georgia and
South Carolina, In the Ohio River Valley- in Indircn., .and -Illinois the moths
did considerable damage to peaches, grades, apples, and ton.toes. The insects
v.erbo so numerous'in -'pa-tsOe f MiWE sipppi'.that at one point hcre their mrcd'i.
vas impeded. by a road the stench -of their Fc_-yin4'bpgbics at'ractcd turkey
'bUzzards And in 'certain cities and :to-ns-in Pennsy1 wnia, the enormous numbers
oftthe moths in streets U'sed'considerabl't alarm among the residents.

AgaIn..the birbh lea?' miner 'is' browning the birches in southern New York
and Coinecticut, .. ., .: ".

OtJTST&DING ENTOMOLOGICAL FE..TURES II C iADFOR SPTIMBEa., 1926
Series, grasshopper outbreak have occurred, thi:s'urne in th"' Peace
ocure .eir. me in~ be Pa
River and Chilcotin districts, British Columbia.

The Colorado potato beetle has givJbhr lss trouble, than usual in 'INTe '
Brunswick. In southern Ontario injury is reported as largely' con-fined to late
S.potatoes., In Manitoba ..the beetle has caused little injury this season.. In
Saskatche'ran it is of. 'eqonw'ic. importance in the Mcdison.distri'ct for the first
time since'its discovery i-ithls territory, in 1923. It Ils reported' as very
abundant in southern llberta, and as being well established in southeastern
Britsh. Columbia, in. .the Crianc.'ok and. Creston districts. .
4** 4 4 1. 'C *44 /
The imported cabbage wri has beon very abundant in southern -Ontario,
Causing .i*c1. damage to .=rclfer.-ous crops.,, .

*.. The iamond-back'.mot'h ,'s' epor.tedas occurring i n `c&spcicuous numbers
iy. -sctions of Nova 'ctia,'uebdc, 'arid Saskatche an'pare.tly the damage
is not serious* .. ...

The Hassian fy 'has been'discovered on theast coast of New Brnswiick,
in Northumberland County, 100 miles'from the St., John River Valley.

Me turnip aphis, Ahis psudobrass'icto':Davil, occurred .in severe outbreak
form in central southern Ontario,, causing much damage.
Hf ' *"
S The Daropean beech bark louse, Cryvtocoqccus f.i (Baerens) Dougl., is
distrib'jtcd .throwhoui. the islandd of Nova Scotia, and -occurs in Invernese
County, Cape Breton. .' "

The spruce bud7orm occurs throughout the southern portion of Cape Broton
"274-.















Island, Nova Scotia,, and seQeral important outbreaks'have also bee! .'
located in the forested area of northern and eastern' anitoba. h bndwrrm
outbreak in the Barkerville district, Pritisl Cluhrbia, Invvolvee rr <.rea
of at least 1,000 square miles, and several local outbreaks have 'Leei
discovered in the forests on Vancouver Island.

The larch sa"fly is prevalent throughout' Cale Breton Islanild, Nova
Scotia, and northeastern New Brnns-:ic:. ..

In the southerA half 'of '.Cape Bretcn Island, 17,. S., the spruce cone
worm, Dicrvctria ren culella Grt., and larvae of 7,,ir1yhc-i fqod'f.-!!n Kft,
have 'been' fcund attafckirng White' spruce. The spruce.bai'k-bG'j&l' h- killed
or is killing, small gtours of nature fmite spruce scattered all over the
island,

The pillow leaf beetle, 4alerucella dec.ra Say.,is'vwidespread on willows
and poplars in southern Manitoba and has caused defoliation of poplars in
sections of Alberta. '

An outbreak of bud moths has resulted in severe damage in apple orchards
of the Annapolis Valley, ITova Scotia,

The potato leafhopper, Emooasca malin LeB. has bea v ery abunidant and
injurious -in the Niagara district, .Cntario, on apples, potatoes, and
certain ornamental plants.. '

She tarnished plant bug has again been resppnsib1. for considerable
"stor-back" injury to peach -nursery stock in the Niagar. distr ct, Or'ario.
Ii British Colu-iumbia it has been. very abundant 6n- falfa in orchards of
t~e Okalmnagan-Valley, ." '" "' .






I -





-27 5-.'


X.,










GENERAL FEED S


JAPANESE BEEITLE (Popillia japonica Newm.)


Co nnectlcu



New Yark




New York


New York


Haiti


New York


t. W*. Britton (Neptember 20): 1l adult beetles fcn.d o '
vegetation in small yaradq" near the 'cenrite' of'the clty of
Stamford., in AJgust and Septemnber. Never before 'found in
Uonnecticut. "

Geo. M. Codding (September 16): The Jaraanese beetle is- being
.... fod: in quantities in my own neighborhood, both on my place
Ahd scattered throughout Mt. Vernon and 'ewRochelle,

A SCARABAEID BEETLE (A_.toscrica -p-. Arow)

ceo. M. Codding (September 16): A beetle identified by Loren
B. Smith as P oeric. ue s__.-e r Arrow is boeing found scattered
throughout Mt. Vernoh and New Rothelle, .


E. P, Felt (September 24): An introduced Serica variously
identified as As rrica or.Anit" serica .ji ,1rr..ca-or cSn-a "
is well established in the vicinity of M4t. Vernon r.ad ilew B chelle,
occurring in numbers in the former ower a considerable territory.
This insect was recorded from New Rochelle in 1923 and the in-
' festation is therefore of some year standing. .

THE ANOMALA (Anomala orientalis Waterh.)

Geo, M. Codding (September 16): The Asiatic 1beetle is being
found scattered throughout Mt. Vernon and New Rochelle.

EB P. Felt (September 24):: The oriental-, beetle, Aromlaa arientalin
Waterh, is well established in southern West chester Caar-tty and..
on western Long Island, it having been foundm in numbers at Mt.
Vernon, New Rochelle, hite Plains, in Westchester County, and
at 4ericho, Long Island. The infestation at White Plains is
of some years' standing, one resident claiming to have seen the
work ten years earlier,

A PIERID BUJTTEFLY (Kricogonia castalia Fab.)

Geo. g. Wolcott (August 24): Picked off the radiator of my
Vord, millions of which are fluttering about in the more desert
north section of the Oul-de-Sac Plain here in Haiti. Bigger
cars, driven faster than I am accustomed to going, come in from
this road with their radiators completely covered with these
butterflies.


GRASSHOPPEMS (Acv&ivdd


Z. P* Felt (September 241): Red-legged grasshoppers, M-Ianooplu_
ferar-rubrum DeG., have been rather abundant on village anri
city streets at Saratoga, Ballston, Szh:3nectady, and 11asTss,
indicating the possibility of an unusmal abundance another year.









South
Carolina

Indiana


Visconsin


'0sconsin


Connecticut





ILlinois


California


J. 0,. Pepper (September 15): Grasshoppers have been abundant
in sonM soybean fields. Some fields have been damaged sl ':ly.

J. J. DaVis (September 30): Grasshoppers have continued to give
trouble in gardens especially up to within the last week.

S. B. Fracker (September 11): In general the infestation is
slightly more pronounced in the southern and southwestern parts
of the State than before, but the grasshoppers are not appearing
in serious numbers elsev-iere.

CUTWCGMS (Noctuidae)

S. B. Fracker (September 11): Reported from Adams, Barren, Columbia,
Door, Douglas, Dunn, Marinette, Mil-iukec;, Oconte, Oneida, Cuteg.ria,
Portage, Trempealeau, Vernon, Washburn, and Waupaca Counties attack-
ing field crops, especially corn.

1;P-MTE GRUBS (Phyllorhara Ppp.)

WJ. E. Britton (SeptemnbBr 20): At Vernon these insects were attack-
ing potatoes. Observed by A. E. Tiilkinson, and County Agent, B. B.
Locker, Rockville, Conn, More abundant as compared with an average
year.
YLLO7-STRIPED *RMY*-CM (Prodenia ornithopalli Guen.)
.7 P. Flint (September 20): This insect has also been reported
as damaging .alfalfa in several areas in central Illinois.

SALT-MARSH CATqPRPILLAR (EstiSmene acraea Drury)

3. 0. Essig (September 21): Caterpillars are abundant this fall
in the San Francisco Bay region. Feeding on field, forage, and
truck crops, flowers and ornamentals.


-RIB-'ORlRS (Elateridae)


Massachusetts




Connecticut


Maryland &
Virginia


WT. D, lhitcomb (September 23): Potatoes, carrots, and beets were
being attacked by this insect in Essex and Middlesex Counties.
Injury to root crops has been much greater than in the past. Some
potato fields were from 50 to 75 per cent infested.

W,1 E. Britton (September 20): At Vernon this insect is attacking
potatoes. Observations made by A. E. Vilkinson, Vegetable
Specialist, Connecticut Agricultural College, Extension Sertice.


CEREAL AND FOR LGE-CR OP INSECTS

D hTO H1

BZaC2 S-4iFLY (Trachelus tabidus Fab.)

3. D6 Sqdith (September 2): A, light infestation of the black grain









stem sarfly was found throughout most of the rheat-groring regions 4n
Maryland, and in Virginia as far south as Rockingham. County,

1 -ESIA9T FLY (hetonha-a ies-ructor Say)

Maryland. H. D. Smith (September 2); -A;genercll but very light infestation of
& Virginr.a the Hessian fly was fouhd in the i-heat-gro-7ing regions of Maryland
and Virginia. An exception to this occurred in the vicinity of Bel
Air, Nd., Hartford County, where considerable infestation was found.


Illinois


W. P. Flint (August): Results of the,wheat Survey give the following
infestation pc.rcentages in each county:


P=R C12 T


COtITY


PER C7TT


CO__TY "PER CZ1JT


\7.innes bgo
Ogle
Whitesi de
Lee
DeKal.
,- Kane-
Henry
Bureau
La .Salle
Gmundy
SWill
Kanlckakee
McLean
Tazewell
Ford
Mason


3.6
3,7
4.3
7.8
I's

2.0
2.9
4,4
5.3
4.0
3,0
3.2
8.6
0.9
2.0
1.7


FUlton
:.1cDcnou2h
Han cocks
Adams
Schuyler
oIogan.
DeWitt
Piatt
Chamnpaign
Vermillion
Macon
Douglas
Coles
Morgan
Sangamon
Christian


1.0
0.3
e.3
1.0
1.0
1.7
10.,5
7.S
5.5
4.9
5.1
3.0
3.3
0.6
0.5
1.2


Curnberland
Greene
Ma co-pin
Jersey
Madion,
Fayett e
Cravford
Lawrer.ce
Washington
Perry
Jackson
Saline
Gallatin
White
St. Ciair
Clinton


Kansas


'Wisconsin


J. W. McColloch (September 25): A preliminary survey of.the Hessian-
fly condition in the northern part of Kansas 1bas jnst been completed.
There was very little infestation by the fly in this area last spring,
and the Survey which has just been completed shows that the adults are
just emerging. A few egps were fonnd on volunteer wheat in most- of the
Territory d6vered. Conditions have been very favorable for volunteer
wheat, and as a result there is lots of it-in the State. Farmers are
also planting early this year, and in many cases are not making ary
effort to destroy volunteer wheat. In other words, conditions are very
favorable'for a'stron, comeback on the part of the Hessicn fly, ani1
tA going to be. interastinl to follow the situation through. 'The most
striking part of the'survey this year was that the fly -as prs-ent in
the so-called reservoirs or hold-over spects which Ziof. Dean described
in his article in the Journal of Economic Entomology three or four
years ago.

GRK'N BUG (Toxovtera nraminum Pond.)

S, B. Fracker -(September 11): Fifteen per cent ifthe oat fields at
Ashland have been affected, some entirely dcst-'cyed, and at Oconto
at least 50 fields severely injured, Genel thrcghit the State.-


CCTJ'~Y


1,3
1.0
1.3
0.0
o.,4
0.5
0.5
1.2
2.1
2.0
* 4.1
4.1
1.0
2.4
3.,6









-27 -


Utah George F. Knol-lton (Scptcmtoer 22): The greFen bug has been very
scarce this year. In no place has it been found to be of economic
importance in this State.
PLAINS FALSE .71PRE'?O.:.I (Sleodes onaca Say)

Kansas J. 1 7. McColloch (Septcmber. 14): False wire-orms are d(-3troying
heat as Cast as it is planted at Ulysscs. Many farmers have quit
sowing. The ground is dry n tC seud.oes not gerriinct.
(Septefiber 22): Some injury is. r eorted to grar Inating wheat in
Meade County. in Stanton County severe injury has occurred to
hundreds of acres of germinating vhaat. It has been very dry in this
county,no .rain having fallen for four months.

EURO]EAN COBRX.BOQEY nubiUalis LEbn.)


New York


3. P. Felt (September 24): T he Eurooecn corn borer has been in-
creasing in abundance in. the Schenect'..y area, one large planting
of early corn onthe Scotia flats show.ng approximately a 90 per cent
stalk infestation and a 50 -cer cent ear infestation. Th3 field was
in such bad condition that the ownimer s to-.rd marketing the corn on
account of its influence upon his trade, This appears to be the
worst infested area, the percentages being ra-ch higher than on many of
the early fields of corn uppn lighter soil.


CHINITCH 3JG (Blissus leuco-tpru, Say)


Illinois


Wo P. Flint (Septenber 20): Although much of the central part of
the State was heavily infested with chinch.'bugs earlier in the
season, the frequent and heavy rains during the last 20 days have
greatly reduced their numbers. There is a small area, mainly in Bond.
Madison, Montgomery, Macoupin, Clinton, 'ashirnton, and St. Clair
Counties, where damage by this insect is very severe, end where the
b-.gs are more numerous than has been the case at any time during the
past several years. This area has largely escaped the recent heavy
rains.


Kansas J. W. McColloch (September 25): Chinch bugs still continue to be
abundant in the northeastern quarter of the State, The dcy, hot
weather of the suimer, however, ruined the corn and sorghirn crops
to such an extent tlat additional injury by the chinch bug did not
worry the farmers very nrach. The present indications are that the
chinch bugs will go into hibernation in large numbers this fall, and
we anticipate considerable fall burning in most of the counties
affected last summer.

CORN EAR WORM (Heliothis obs6leta Fab.)


South
Carolina

Georgia


to 0. Pepper (August 20): A 10-acre field of young corn in Marion
County has been severely injured by this insect.

Oliver I. Snapp (September 1): This insect has teen very destructive
in cornfields of middle Georgia this year, especially in those
/
















Indiana


Iowa


Adjoining or near vetch fields -hich were so heavily infested
.with first-generation larvae earlier in the season. Every car
of corn in one field adjoining one of these vetch fields was
found to be damaged by the corn ear -orm on this date, Its
abundance as compared with an average year appears to be greater.

J. J. Davis (September 30): Corn ear vorm has been reported
common in late s"woet corn through central and southern Indiana.

C. N, Ainslie (September 14): This species has already been
reported from this region (Sioux City) .as abundant and destructive.
Usually late-planted sweet corn escapes attack: almost entirely,
but this year larvae of all ages are to be found in green corn,
sometimes four in a single ear, rendering many of the eats unfit
for use, Newly hatched larvae are fond among the fresh corn
silk and the moths are on the wing in some numbers at lights. Field
corn has suffered severely, fer ears being ffee fror injury.


Nebraska Me H. Swenk (September 16): During the last week in August and
the first week in September, especially betw-een August 29 and
September 2, numerous reports were received of very serious injury
to corn ears by the third brood of larvae of the common corn
ear worm. The damage was very much greater than normal, and it
is believed that it was partially Induced by the dry weather of the
summer. These complaints came from all parts of the State, from
Cedar and Stanton Counties in the northeast to Dawson, Perkins,
and Furnas Counties to the west and south.

Kansas J W. McColloch (September 26): The corn ear -orm has also beem
an outstanding pest this year, due to the poor corn crop and the
concentration of the insect in those fields which promised a fair
yield,

SOUTHERN CORN STALE BCRR (Diatraea z7eacoilella Dyar)

Kansas J, W. McColloch (Septenber 10): Larvae were received vith the
information that they had caused some damage to corn in a field
at Hartford.,

STALK BOE3R (Paoaipermd nitela Guen.)

ITebrasim Mo H. Srenk (September i6)s Several reports wore received during
the last half of August of the presence of'mature caterpillars
*f the cormeron stalk borer (FPar'n mrA nitela Guon.) in the heart of
corn stalks, v.while during the first week in September both mature
caterpillars and pup~e of this insect, fo-und by farmers in that
positions, -cre sent in. These reports came frcm the jam cojusles
in which d2-LOe by the more' active younger caterpillars had been
reported during June, July, and tho first half of August.

CORN POOT WORMQ (abrotica Thnaiccrnis Say)


Mr H. Swcnk (Scptembor '16): A report of very heavy damage to a 65-


Nebraska
















Nebras'ka


acre field of corn in Madlison County by the western corn root
wior.: was received during the micddl e ofi Angst.

AJLF ATA

B3ET Vi7. -'ZORM (j. l?'. ';-tJ-'J L.)

M, He Swenk (Septnber 16): Mo cuitbroac of tie s!-ar-beet webworm
that was reported a month ao as havingZ devclopel in the stubble
fields rf Foyd Co'mity during the second ireek in Agnist became nuch
more intense during the pericI from ;:i'.-ct 35 to 22 and "Lrea. to
include HIolt, ,ox<, and Cedar Co1nties. AI ruCQt canes the v."oras
startcd on P.ssian thistles, rigrigtin- to the fields2ds as the
supply of this -ecd was ei-autsted, often in armiec o' thcosnds of
worms, where they did very serious damage to the cornst lks. 5hoy
also injured alfalfa, and freely attacked cabbage and other vegetables.


C-ARRZH'I =,IWOEM (Loxostee nimilais Guen.)


Illinois






Kansas




Utah




Scith
Ca o lna

Georgia


Mississippi


W7. P. Flint (September 20): The gardi. w'-cr has beer. very
destructive to summer-seeded alfalfa thrc:-h..*.t southern and central
Illinois. A number of cases have ib an reci ted. where i.-actically
complete destruction of newly c;_, fi els occurred. The insect
has been controlled by spraying, or duating wi th arsenate of lead,
viwhere the applications were properly riraee.

J, W# McColloch (September 20): Injury to alfalfa by the webworm
was reported on September 14, at Mo-i City.

PEA APHID (Illinoia rsI. Kalt.)

George F,' no*lton (September 22); The pea aphid has been present
all over the State where peas and alfalfa are gro7,n, but doing
slight damage, compared with other years.

PALL ARMYWC&M (Xgnphvga f'-'-rda S & A.)

J 0. Peppr (Angust 26): The fall arnr-.orm has destroyed a small
area in a Bi;LC grass pasture near Aobeville.

W. F. Turner (September 14)o Attacking-corn, cctt.on, and co-rlas.
Serious damage on late corn. Too late to do mucih damage to cotton.

R. W. Harned (September 1t): A correspondent at Corinth wrote on
Sbpsembr-7 that the grasswrm was eat:'g :!everything in his p'-.t.ure,
Including Bermuda grass, lespedeza, clover, and all stra,7 grasses.
Specimens accompanying this letter were identified by J 1 angstefn
as this species.


SOYBVER (TS

-GEE3N CLOVER 7TCM ClMathypcrna scabra Fab*)


North
(Carc~lir-a


Re 17. Leiby (September 24): Soybean leaves are being generally riddled














Indiana




Illinois


Massachusetts











South
carolina



Indiana









Illinois


1.sconsin


by the green clover worm in the coasts! plain section, there tel."g
consideralr more larvae p-eocnt in the fields th1n t ti:
since the citbreaic of Jal.y-Aug-st, 1919v V-cen complete dEo;lliation
was effect'-e-1.

J, J. Davis (September 30): The green clover .-7orm has been r*2ported
from Lacor..a, Winarmac, iexrington, Salemrn, Carnelten,arnd several other
localities in the southern part of the Stat.e as Jcundr.,Az4gust 25
to Septe3.bar 2, on clover, alfalfa, soybeans, rn beans.

S. C. Qa'.-.ler (September 9): From 25 to 50 per cent of the foliage
was des-:o;,oed in Jeffcrson Count,,/ sutl-.frn Illinois. Damage was
done ir riany other couijties in southcra -:.rt of the State.

FRUIT INSECTS

APLEI

CODLING MOCT- (.inrocapca roronella L.)


A* I., Boirne (S.eptemher 23): The second brood of the codling moth
apparently will be vwxy small. This, we believe, is due largely
t3 tae extremely lato season which has held consistently throughout
',he whole growing period, so that the'retar.ing effect of the
cold, unfavorable we,.ther in the spring is still noticeable now
at the time of harve.;ting. This cold 7'eather which so retarded
the growing season etrly in the spring had. a very marked effect
upon the activities of the codling moth, so that the l2rv.l hatching
was driavn out over a very long period and was much later than
usual. Consequently only an insignificant r, rcert of the larvae
matured in time to form a second brood of moths.

J, 0. Pepper (September 8): The infestation of the codlin' moth
at Walhalla might Ie considered heavy and later tha. usual. Some
trees have been batded with burlap bags and from 4 to 50 larvae
have been found under these bands.

Bennet A. Porter (S3ptember 25): As previously reported, unusually
serious in southern Indiana. In a few older or chariG, where the
Worms have become abundant in previous years, the crop is nearly
a total loss, and t'-ie injury appears to be on the increase in the
best-cared-for or h birds.

Io J. Davis (Septerm'er 30): The codling moth has increased notice-.
ably in southern Indiana and the problem nor confronting Indiana
apple growers is very serious.

W. P. Flint (Septamber 20): Adults of the codling moth censed
emerging in southern Illinois on Septanber 8, according to S, Co
Chandler, and at Urbana on August 27.

S. B* Fracker (September 11): Apparently less troublesome than ueual
in northern Wisconsin, series in southern.











Massachusetts



Pennsylvania


Massaclhuset bts.




Indiana




Wisconsin


Indiana


Massachusetts
Massachusetts


Massachusetts


Indiana


WTi sconsin


.. -APPLE AN TiIOR'T SLETCTIZ.P. (Hemero0hila pariana Clerck)

A. I. Bourne (September 23): .Noted very little evidence of the
presence of the apple and thorn skeletonizer. From every indi-
cation it is much less abuind.-nt than last year.

T. L. Guyton (Sep.ember 2): Apple trees were hard hit by this
insect at Honesdale. Probably none of the trees received a
spraying.

RED_-HtUFD CATTIPILLAR (Schivura concinna S.& A*)

J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (September 22): This insect has been unusually
common :throughout New England anid NTew York. I foimund them feeding
on elm, hawthorn, hackberry, poplar, pillow, yellow birch, choke-
cherry, street fern, and alder (spec.led) besides apple.

J, .J. Davis' (Sptember .30): The red-humpod caterpillar was
reported as defoliating apple at Spencerville on September 15.

SFALL ES3CRY (vphantri cunea Drury)

S, B.. Ffacker (September 11): Numerous at Lancaster, and at
Lincoln they are very numerous on apples.

LESSER AFPLE IN7 M (Laspeyresia pruivora Walsh.)

J, Jo Davis (September 30): Several cases of serious infestation
by the lesser apple worm have been reported early in September
from central Indiana,

APPLE MAGGOT (Faagoleti_ nomonella Walsh)

'A. I.Bourne (September 23): The apple maggot has .thus far been
fully as serious a pest as was the case last year. Tha early
-harvested varieties of apples are showing a considerable amount
.of infestation.

APPI LE AHOPPa (_oasc ali Le3.)

A. I. Boiurne (September 23): Complaints are being received from
different point'sin the State.of late-season abundance of. apple
leafhoppers, particularly in the eastern part of the State. The
main injury seems to be on scions, in grafted trees or on the new
growth, particularly on young trecs.
*-* * .> .'* .1
SAHT JOS S CaL t (Asidiotus pernici sus' t)

Bennet A, Porter (September 25): Less abundant, than in the
preceding three*years,, at Vincennes.

PLUM CUMCU.IO. (Qonotracheius nenuphar Hbst.)

S. B. Fracker (September 11): Reported from Barron, Grant, Green,









and Ioa Counties;. serious .inLanglede, Milwaukee, Oconto, Sawyer,
-Trempealeau, Vcrncn, Walworth, and Wood Counties. About as many
--" **as usual throughout the State. . .
.P. EAR.

PEAR SUG (Caliroa cjasi g -.) L.)

Indiana J. J. avis (Septeibcr 30): The Sear slug was. a ported on September
14, from Elkhart, as having- seriOuSly defoliated pear.
Nebraska MH. :Swenk (September 16):From Colfax,. Antelope, and other north-
e astern Nebraska counties complaints of injury by the pear slug
were received during later August and the .first- week in September,

' ..* *.. ACH

SAN JOSE SCALE (Asiaiotus ,ernilciogeus Comst.)

Correction The note in Volume 6, 1.o. T, page 2845, 'credited.. to- Oliver I. Snapp
on the San Jose scale (A.--D diotusjperniciofus Comst.) shoulI read:
(September 25)': Binocular examinations of ecale:from orchards that
were apparently heavily infested sho-r a high percentage of scale
mortality in somea of these orchards. The usual dormant treatment
has probably been effective,' "but the scales had for some reason failed.
to slough off, as they usually do', giving the appearance that there
.has been a marked increase in scale in the Georgia peach belt this
year which in reality has not been the case..

CR. ENTALZ FRUIT MIIOT.H (asevresia molest Busck).

Georgia OXHrer t. Snapp & assistants (September'20): The first moth of the
fifth generation emerged in the insectary on September 11 (Fort Valley),
The insect is one full generation later this -year than last to this
date, and in all probability only six generations will occur where
seven occurred a yearago. The in-sect has been of ho economic importance
here this year. During the month it was reported from Hampton, a'
peach section about 30 miles "south of Atlanta., ,


FALL' WVEBQCRM (_A ntricuhea Drury)

Oliver I, Snapp (September i6): This:ifnsect had defoliated a few
peach trees in an orchard at Grovania.

PEACH BORM- (Aeeria'exitio aa Say) ,

E. W. Mendenhall tSeptener,2g)*-The peach tree borers arc very
bad in peach stock in the nurseries at Dayton..


Indiana Bennet A. Porter (September 2' ). Observations indicate that-the
peak of emergence of the adults .occurred in the vicinity of Vincemnnes
the last week in August. Emergence continued until about September
10,' when it appeared to be practically complete.


Georgia:


Ohio








-2 5-
VESTI-l'T PEACH BOTR3R (Aegeria opalescens H.FBw. )


Cal ifornia


3. 0. Essig (September 17): ;ew infestationswere located near
Napa City .(Union Station), 1fapa oiti cherries, but not
serious. Abundant in a few peach trees.


SHOT-HOLE BORER (Scolytus nulosg Ratz.)


Illinois


Illinois


California


W. P. Flint (Septenber 20): This insect is about as abundant as
usual. Numerous reports of damage have bern received from
different sections of the State during the last month.

PLUJM ClIuRC ULIO (Conotrachelus neuphar Rbst.)

S. Cs Chandler (September 10): Infestation generally lighter than
usual in pach sections of southern Illinois. Of 1,600 wormy
drop peaches distributed in 4 cages under peach trees only 13
emerged as beetles.

*' ASP2ErtY *

SNOWY TR CPICKET (Coca-thus riveus De%.)

E. 0. Essig (September 21): -Adults abundant in the raspberry
patches in Santa Clara and San Mateo Counties and causing very
serious damage by eating the buds, flowers, and young fruit. In
a number of commercial patches the entire crop in.s been ruined.
The canes are also full of egg punctures.


A lZi;FHOPPER (Cicadella circellata Baker)


California


E. 0. Essig (Septembnr 21): Exceedingly abundant in commercial
plantings. Feeding on foliage of raspberries and also on Malva,
lavatera, Amarfthus, and sow thistle. Damage is reported as quite
serious in Santa Clara and San Iateo Counties.


GRAP nI-AFHOPPEP. (rvthroneura comes Say)


Indiana


Nebraska



Kansas


J. J. Davis (September 30): Grape leafhopper was reported on
September 24, as having been very destructive to grapes at
Brookston. Observations in .central Itaina .emphasized the importance
of this pest.

M. H. Swenk (September 16): Complaints of injury to rodbine
vines about houses by the grape 'leafhopper continued decreasingly
through most of the month of Auguast.

J. W. McColloch (August 13): Severe injury to grapes by the grape
leafhopper was reported from Arkansas City and Hudson.



Qd BOARD








CURR ANT


CURRANT APHID (MyVus ritis L.)

George F. nhowlton (September 22): The currant aphid was doing
considerable damage to currants in northern Utah this summer,
severely distorting the leaves.

PECAAT

FALL WEBWEOP.M (Hyphantria cunea Drury)

Oliver I. Snapp (September 25): This insect is more abundant than
usual here (Fort Valley), attacking pecan trees. Burning the nests
has been resorted to in most cases.


WALNUT CATZPPILLAR (Datena integerrima G. & R.)


GENERAL
STATEMENT




Mississippi









Indiana


Wi sconsin


SW. F. Turner (September 1S): At Thormasville, and Fort Valley, Ga.
this insect is unusually abuniant, at Eufaula, Ala. it is also
seriously abundant, and at !.onticello, Fla.o it is reported as
very serious. Slight damage is being done because of it being
late in the season.

Re WT Harned (September 17): A great many complaints from all
sections of the State were received during the latter part of August
and first of September in regard to the walnut caterpillar.

TRUCK-CROP INSECTS

MISCELLASOUS F7D S

PAINTED LADY (Vanerr- cardui L.)

J. J. Davis (Septenber 30): The thistle caterpillar (Vaness, cardui L.)
continued conspicuous during the last month.

POTATO AND TOMATO

COLCRADO POTATO BEETLE (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say)

S. B. Fracker (Septnember 11): In most of the State -the Colorado
potato beetle was only slightly injurious this year.


POTATO LEAFHOPFPR (Emnoa fabae Harr.)


Wisconsin


S. B. Fracker(September 11): Leafhopper damage probably reduced
the Wisconsin potato crop from 5 to 10 per cent. This was about
the same as last year but less than it has been in some seasons,


GARDEN FLEAHOPPEfl (Haliticus citri Ash4.)


Indiana


J. J. Davis (Sept-mber 30): Vhat we have tentatively determined as
the garden fleahopper (Halticus citri Ashm.)was reported on September
21 injuring tomato foliage at Torre Haute.


Georgia







-28..-


CABBAGE

WABBAOS LOCPER (Antorapha brassicae Riley)


North
Careolina





Wisconsin




Wisconsin


SNi W. Leiby (Septcmbor 24): This species has been unusually
abundant during the last month on cabbage and collards. It
has also been destructive on well grown turnips and on soybeans.
. t...... Ihas been recently chetkd by a disease.


IMPORTED CABBAGE WORM (Pieris r e L.)


S. B. Fracker (September 11): The damage this year seems to be
greater in thennorthern and western sections of the State.
CABBAGE MAGGOT (Hylemyia brassicae Bouche)

So Be Fracker (September 11): As usual in cabbage-growing sections,
this insect proved a serious matter.

DIAMOND-BACX MOTH (Plbtella maculipennis COutis)


W. E. Britton (September 28):
this insect was observed by A.
and cauliflower. More abundant


At Cheshire, Napping, and Taftville,
E. Wilkinson attacking cabbage
as compared with an average year.


HARLW"UN BUG (Nurgantia histrionica Hahn)


Mississippi



Georgia


Massachusetts


Wisconsin


Re W. Harned (September 17): The harlequin bug seems to be
causing a great deal of damage to collards in almost every section
of the State.

Oliver I. Snappy (August 24): At, Fort Valley a very heavy infestation
of the harlequin cabbage bugs has been noted on collards recently.
In most cases they have been fairly well controlled by nicotine
dust. .
SLRAWBER!

PRS43 FLEA BEETLE (Haltica chalvbea Ill.)

34.W. Mendenhall (September 16): The grape flea beetle is doing
some damage to strawberry plants in Licking County. It seems
hard to control. ..
'"" ASPARAGUS .

ASPARAGUS BEETLE' (Crioceri asparagi L,)
SPOTTED ASPARAGUS BEETLE (C. duodecimounctata L,)

We D. Whitcomb (September 23): Both species attacking asparagus
in eastern Massachusetts, More abundant than usual, 25 to 50
per cent damage in some neglected fields.

So B. Fracker (September 11): Much fewer this year than usual
on asparagus, no damage reported, by this beetle, Crioceris
asapragi L.


Connecticut









B X'S


QONION TIIPS. (Thrips tabaci I.)


California




Florida


South
Carolina


Z. 0. Essig (August 28): .Abundant and destructive..in the
Delta region to beans (diiofly "pinks"), sugar beets, and ..-
Corn :
SPOTTK: *CL'C1-SE, B7T-TLr (Diabrotica duodecimpurctata Fab.

F. S. Chanberlin (Septembdr 2): Young bean vines are being fed
upon to a consid:raole extent by adults of the 12-spotted
cucumber beetle in Gadsden, County.

CORN EAR WWIOR (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)

J. 0. Pepper'(August 13): Tho injury of this insect on beans
is.. decreasing in'the Piedmont section of this- state. .


ICYCir BEATN BFJ-LET (Bpilachna norrurt a MIle.)


Pennsylvania


Maryland


Virginia


-rest
Virginia

Ohio



Xn#iana


J. N. Knull (Septcmber 10): Young larvae on tvo string be
plants at Rutherford or, S.ept-mb-)r Q. ...

ioalo F. Howard & assistants (Saptmber 17): Reiorted from
Bedford County as being well established, and from Dauphin
County (Harrisburg).


Ie,.'le F. 'Horard & assistants (Septermber 17): Feedtng damage
but no specimens *found -in .'ach-iington County,

leale F, Howard & assistants (Septurber 17): Found in Frederick,
Page, and Cul!pepr- .Countits. .
Neale F. Howard 4& ss ristants (Septenber 1-7): Reported frcm
Hampshire County. ,.

E. 7. Mendenhall (Septenbor Pq): The Mexican bean beetle is
qpite bad at Miamisburg and vicinity (Miami County), and is
reported as'doing damage to beans.

H F. Dietz (Septcmbr 23):.. From Bluff ton, specimens of the
Mexic.n bean betile have been reccivad


BEAN LEAF .BETLE (Cerotoma trifurcata Forst.)


Illinois


'i4co nsin


S. C. Chandler (Slptember]l)::VurL r light injury this season in
* truck-gtrowing section of Union and Pulaski Counties, southern
Illinois ..
S . ".t:l PEtAS ( t* : qut 'b o n

PEA. OaID (llincia risi Kaltj)

S* Bo Fracki.r (Sept cmbcrj.l)* Reported quit a bad inBarren County







-2 '-


V1 sconsin


Wisconsin


and troublesons on swvo3t peas in Saik County, Damage spotted this
year; total loss less than for several seasons.

CUCTJUBRS

STRIPD CUC'maER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab,)

S. Bs Fracker (September 3l) In general these insects have been
much less common than usual.

SPOTTED UCUUMB2R BEETLE (Diabrotica duodecimpunctata Fab.)

Chas. I. Brigham (September 11): One report from Dane County of
this insect attacking cucumbers has been received.


MELOT APHID (Arhis gosypii Glovj)


Massachusett s



Nebraska




Georgia


NL D. Whitc6mb (September 23)" Melons, squash, and cucumbers
have been attacked by this insect in eastern Massachusetts, In-
creasingly abundant during August and September,

Me H. Swenk (September 16): During the middle and latter lart
of August somewhere more than the usuaal number of complaints of
injury to cucurbits by the melon aphid were received,

SQUASH BUG (Anaea ristil DeG.)

Oliver I. Snapp (September 25): This insect has been very
injurious to watermelons this year, The number of adults now
going into hibernation is nrach greater than usual. They seem to
be hibernating almost every place; in.this locality (F'ort,.Vdlley),
Growers claim that they are more numerous now than they".have ever
seen them at this season of the year.


SUASUASH BORER (M.elittia satyriniformis hn.)
SQUASH BORER (Melittia satvr in if ormis Hbn. )


Massachasetts 17. Do Whitcomb (September- 23): Injured vines reported generally
over this territory (eastern Massachusetts).

ONION

ONION MAGGOT (HjLemvia antiua Meig.)


Wisconsin


S& B. Fracker (September ll): Fewer complaints than usual from
the State as a whole .-.


CELERT

CHA1GA (ScaDteriscas vicinus Scudd.)


Ma Do Leonard (September 15): Considerable injury to. celery


Florida







-.z9ej-


* seed beds in the Bradunton section within the past two or three
re Aks
GAPDENI F=I-OPP'a -:utiuL. -*trit Ashm.)

M. D, Leonard (Septm-ier 8)" Most celery seed bed!s in Panatee
Comty exrmn.r.ed d'iring the put- t:o rv-ce-s show more or les
inji.ry, but dcm--ige is more pro-icunced in the B--'d tow._ a-:d
Manatee sections .-roper thi not seem to be quite so bad as'last' year however,.
,. ,.- P.ZT S

T,3 0^ROCT APHID (PIr.rh '.. het'c Doane)

Gcorge F. Kn. 01Wlon ( S6Dptem' 'r r2)2 TCh.e beet root aphid'has caused
slight damage in northern Utah this yeor.



C.--iOT `h-.VIL (Listronotus .atiu'aalts Bqh.)


Illinois


St C0 Chandler (Septernmber 9): Seventy per cent of the carrot patches
are infested in the area arce-jd Sa-3 St, Louis, with nearly 50
per..c-.nt of the carrots, infest;:.


TCUTIIP AAPrI!D 3 C-i "- ^ir'-fm pncudcbr ggsicae Davis)


Wisconsin


So. B. Fracker (Scpteb.r .I 1): INurerous on turnips, total loss in
some case in ,7a1 Torth. County, G,-.noa City.


SOUTH Z-RN FIELD CROP, I IT SE C T S

COTIO r.

BOLL ..ZEVIL "(Anthonomnae gs-ndi s B3oh.)


Georgia


*Oliver I., Snapp (September I'),: The:.boll weevil is now doing don-
siderable damage to the top crop of cotton in thl.is locality
S(7ort Val-ley). The infestation is apparently. very heavy in sce
fields. PulJy 90 per cent. of the squ:ircs cf the top crop were
found to be punctured in some fields on this date. (Sept-rmbcr 20):
VTnile the top crop of cotton ?tzq been attacked by the boll weevil,
the infestation during the 1926 season irs 2i,:tr in this
locality (Port Valley)-tihn it 1has been for several years, and a
good crop is nor7 being ginned. Some farmers report th.ir crcp
here the best since 1914. .. .


R. 7W. Harned (Septanber 17): The boll--.envil infestation in the
greater part of northern :i'ssisgippi -"as racticvLly 100 per cent
by the last of August and considor-.ble injury to small bolls has
resulted. The -,ee-vil population this fall is larger than for


Florida


Utah


Missis-'sippi















Mississippi


several years, and with nor-r.. -vea7ther conditions a much greater
'ni.bcr than usual will go into hibernation,

-COTTOMT FLEA HOPP1 (Pc-l-E. seriatus Rrut,)

RB W. Earned (September 17" The cotton hopper is now very abundant
on crotin in pastures and fields, but has practically disappeared
from cotton fields,


COTTON LEAF TO7PM (-WO bMa iroll, bn.)

Massachusetts J, V. Schaffner Jr, (leptembber 22): A moth of this spcies w-is
rece".ved! on Sptetmber 1"4 x --: Pi t"ield h the f note:
"5te7 have in: dc. this vicinitjy in grju .n-jmbej's. n .Tany' n ir-
quiries are made for" '-" .... ': in ard to them'n Hcorts have
cuce in of flights in and aroaid Boaton on Septrmnber 12.

A. I Bcrrne (,pcptvberb 23): Began to notice Ahb&__ ar^ I'lacea
in maxirmum nurabers about the fir st week ih September at Airhurst.


New York


West
Virginia


South
Carolina


Georgia



Michigan


Indiana


Eo P.- Felt (SeptacMor 24.); Cotton moths were abundant on the streets
at Schenectady cn Sepeanber 9,

Fred EZ Brcoks (Scpt-"t nbr 7): It may be reported that moths of
A'.r- 1r `T-llacea appeared here (French Creek) in considerable
nu;j.:as on September Il.

Jo 0., Pepper. (September 12): The cotton worm is now. distributed
over the Piedmont section of the States and il1 probably be wide-
spread over the State in a ehcr'-'tiif,

W7 F, Turner (September l4): Strippning a big field, some 20 acres
of cotton half o-pen in Taylor Cc'unty, Damage light due to its being
late in the season.

BR. H, Pettit (September 13)1 On Septcm.b'er 5 I observed the first
spe.ci 73n of 2Mab rr -a il.,:c ca restn..o on a fall apple in East
Lansing, I saw only a sinrle t;,'e.-.p.ii but this specimn was :In
fine condition. (Sepemrber 15) Tzhis insect is now present in force
in this regic-', We have also received -specimens from iu L,-,:i, ,n which
i. q'-ite a t.r7 north in the fruit belt. TW have also received it
f;'en 3etroit and Pontiac. It is congregating on electric lig"h
posts in large numbers.

M. Vermillion (September 29): This species is very prevalent in
Athens and we fear t!Lal they are the adults the armrn.orm.

Bennet A Porter (September .25.): 2 oths have appeared in the f fruit
orchards of southern Indianam "in trn'?u n',ilers, They were first
observed about September 1, jUis, as the 6:1beia harvest was nearly
complete. Later varieties ar'e being considerably damaGed.























Illinois







Mississippi













Kansas


Texas


-292-
S- no.th
J. r. Davis (Sentember 30): The cotton caterpillar# Albarna
argillacea has been an outst4ndinr post tho last month. The
first'heavy flight wa, obscrvc.1 throughout central Indiana, on
September 7, enn' between Sept-mber 15 and 24 reports were
received from Jeffersonville, :-;ilf1ord, Fillmore, Ladoga, Remington
Mitchell, LaPorto, Kokomo, 17-ba.h, Oaldland City, Bedford, and
Campbellsburg. DTmti.ne wag e-pecially noticeable to peach. A fer
reports indicated damnipe to grqcns snd plu'ns and in a fev cases
they were attracted to crnck'd apples. All reports show the pest
to have been destructive for the.; past three years, each year with
increasing damage. There is an insistent demand for control
measurct .

W, P. Flint (September 20): A.01lts of this insect have been very
abundant for the past two -jeks, and have been reported feeding
on fruit from many parts of the Stat-. Defoliation of cotton
by the larvae was found to be quite general in some sections in
southern Illinois in a recent survey made by S. C. Chandler. The
moths have been reported feeding on apples, peaches, grapes, and
tomatoes.

P.. 7. Harned (Septzmnbjr 17): The second generation of the cotton
leaf worm appeared throughout northern Mississippi about Septamber
1 and resulted in the 'idoespread defoliation of the fields, as
very little poison -as applied. Late cotton has suffered some
injury. W4 S. Jones, Inspector of Yazoo City, writes on September
12 as follows: fl A bird e eye view of Yazoo, Humphries, SharIJy,
and Issaquena Counties will show a complete defoliation of cottoh
by the cotton leaf "-orm. There is one place in Yazoo County where
the stench is so great that buzzards are collecting. This is due
to the fact that a graded road cut off the march of the worms to
an extent that thay are in such numbers that you can get shovels
full." Cotton worm moths are reported attacIin@ figs in several
counties in the northern part of the Stato.

J. W7. McColloch (September 6): Heavy infestations of the cotton leal
worm occur in the experimental plots at Harper and Hanhattan.
Many plants have been defoliated. At this time the wcrms are full
grown and pupating, (September IS): The moths have injured peaches
at Belleville and fruits generdl.-j at Solomon. (September 25):
There has been a heevy migration of mroths into the State the past
few days. Injury is being reported to reaches, plums, pears, grapes
and stra-berries,

H. B. Hungerford (September 25): Cotton-worm moths have been
unusually abundant this year and have donu considerable injury to
the ripening fruit ff grapes.and peaches in eastern Kansas. The
native papawsr aro boiling visited by thousands of thcse moths.

E. C. Bishopp (Suptormber 27): Throughout Suptumber many reports of
the damage to fruit due to the feeding of cotton leaf worm
moths were rocuivjd at the Laboratory. The injury to figs ws







-293-


Raiti


rouisiana


Illinois


especially noteworthy znd Tr-p'rijntly ocg-arscd throuiout Texas.
Thc morns not cnjy attack the ripe fi,^,', I"i f 4d a a considerable
ex.-ar. on those which .wora ju-zt tur'in-, c'L I them to sh'--ivel
a..c s-;., and hence f Linf.t for sal e or p .. Fruit .....ds
a7 s : :" la.inec of the 1':'m te various f t : *;he fein
of th3 :icths, Th? injury to peaches ,7as procbably the Lreatest. One
man ta-ed that he had lost $15 r'orth of-peaches in ';he course of a
wee3e..

Geo, IT. Wrolcott. (A.,niust 24): The cotton in this .* !',,n (17ml-de-
Sa P.l-ain) is being oaten u.p lb .lii ai.''i. .gn *h
thlo ,o'v"Lct more humid sections of the country nci." by I have
"no Led no injr.y,.

SU 7.-1.^ M
SUG.ACAR E BOPER (D'.iatraea sactharrlis Fab.)

?X Eolloway and .7. ~,E. Hal.oy (September .1: There is a notable
e eJnctio in the irfestation of the su"rc -n mcth 'ha er this year,
i'.1a we have not yet mada.7 vory cxtonr.i.ve cxscmninations, it soCrs
tb-le we havner not yet de v,n.y L an. o t"l
th2.t in mnlcrai not moe th1n I(* per crt of th_ sugarcn stal)s
c.ro iiTnfetec.. This ic lc.3a'. -y 1'5e the vret .intor rdA sprn ,g.
WI have fctumid that a pro)on:-'... 3 -eorsion kill. borers in planted
rta:ks of c,,nf, and :,7' 1 :,c.7o.d, .of the.loal office of the
We .ther Bureat., has compared th(< borer infestation for a given
y.-jr -?.ith tho: -inr-?ll f'.r. the.].revious winte-- months, finding
th< .t "t41 s-,;at C of li h.ew.rait.f-al..accompanied teavier than.
av1- o--; lose: frxrj c?..x borer !nfestation in give out C6 six years,
aid excess of rein aired with .Ighter than average. losses in six
Cit of seven '(r(., A tropical: storm which hit the Lo'iisiana
Co'tt, on .ho :.ht of August 25';h. probably had some effect on the
staos of th borer r. ich wore iot protected in the stalks. 7ThsS
states would. a clude. moths, eg., and very young larvae.

F 0 RE S -? AND S HADE-'T R E E- I N S E-G T S

S CsL L A; CT3 =-DERsnS

WALNUT '3CAJE (4jnidiotus e s-reriae Ccmst,)

n. ''. Mend-i.Y-all (September 2O': .Linden trees north of Dayton
Were infested d with this insect,

W7HI2' IlARKED TUSBO5CCX MOTH (Hemerocanr ieucortirrra S&. A.)

W. Po Flint Soeptember 20): This insect seems to be on the incrcasc
in most of thi central Illinois cities. It has not caused any
severe dama a during the present season, hoe'.ever.


A5u7ORM' (Thoridmlx zrfom{ Hdr,.)


3o W. Mendjr.1all (September 2' ) : The-.bagworm is quite bad on











Kan sa s


GENERAL
STATEMENT




Indiana


the ehade trees in Coluzbuz, attacking arbor-it-.e, maples, sycamore,
boxelder, and many other kinds. Very little is done thera to control
them.

J, T4 McColloch (September 1): The bagvrcrm continues to be an
important pest of cedars in the State. Laring the pst month reports
of se-.-erc injury Lcex been received from Senaca, McFarland, Leavenwort
Emnporia, Gof, Armericus, .vaverly, Mapleo Hill, Parsons, Bronson,
Atlanta,and Coats.

Si-DDLE.BACI CTRFPILL-.R (.ibine stimulea Clem.)

William Middleton (S-tember 29): During the rast to or three weeks
we have recuivcd a numb-r of reports on the saiddle-.back caterpillar,
Sibinn stimilla Clem. The localities from which these insects have
bo.n received are as fol]ovrs: 7adn inp-ton, D. C., Camp Meade, Md.i
Allentown, Pa., and Tiwlve Mile, Ind.

J. J. Davis (Septcmber 30): The saddle-back caterpillar was reported
on Au:ust 2S and Septcnber 7 from C-reencastle, M4,rtinsvilleand
Ft. Waynu.


FALL .Z5-RI (arhantria cunca Drury)

Massachusetts J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (Scptcmdecr 22): Common through many sections
of New England. Heavy infestations noticed in parts of central
Connecticut.

BIR C(i

BIRCH LEAF HIKR (Fcn',s^,%uila KLug)


Connecticut




'Tcw York


Ohio


Geo. I.. Codding (oSeptember 16): T'he birch leaf miner has been
found on practically all birches in Westchester County. I have
also noticed it in Mt. Vernon, practically all birches being
affected.

E. P. Felt (September 24): The birch leaf miner has been generally
abdnd-ent in southeastern New York State including all of Long Island,
the sprout birches over large areas being distinctly browmed by the
work of this insect.

CATAL P.

CATALPA SPHINX (Ceratomia catal1pae Boisd.)

B. W. Hcend3nhall (SuptrnbLr 10): Catalpa trees in eastern Ohio
are infested with the catalpa sphinx moth. These can easily be
controlled by cpraying with arsenate of lead.


EU__

BUPEOPEAI ELM SCALE (Gos,-parii ,puria M'oducr)


Me H. Swenk (September 16)1 Another case ef serious infestation


-29^


Nebraska















Kansas


New York




Correction


Nebraska


by the _iro'c" -n elm scale --'as rc;ived during the latter part of
August, this time from Owrand 7I-.J in Hall County, Previous
reports of this ...ost have comr from :To2th Phitto and McCook.

Zl.' L H (Zal rt rus ulr~iflil Nonell)

J. W. TcColloch (Septembor 1): There has been a g-n,.ral outbreak
of this .phi over the State -.iring the past six reeks. T7ur--rous
reports have been received as to its presence. The g-neral1
complaint has been that the honcydev driving from the plants
has ruined the finish on attor obiles parked under the trees.

31.. LEa -F, (.T ..lcrucMlla yi:'thom.laena Schran::)

E, P. Felt (Scptcrber 24): The elm leaf beetle has been some-7hat
dcstrrjctive here ard there to groups of elms. especially on
eastern Long Isl..-d, in the southern Hudson River Valley, and at
Saratoga.

In Volume 6, No. 7t, page 262, note credited to J. J. Davis
on this insect is an error. Specimens have sho-m that the
feeding .as the work of Hticaji.nita larvae, instead of elm
leaf beetle, Galerucella icanthomelaena Schr-nk.

TOOLLT PP'T APHID (Urioor-s lanieu--m Hausm.)

M. H. S-enk (September 16): The "-oolly apple aphid on elm S
also decreasingly complained of duri' the period covered by this
report (August 15-September 15).


LOCUST

LOCUST LE:-, MIETN-R (Dhaleous corT-lis Thunb.)


MIDDLE
AT'--lTI C
STATES



Pennsylvan ia


North
Carolina


F. C. Craighead (Sept-rmb.r 21): The locurt leaf minor in the
Middle Atlantic States has apparently b.n-i abundant again this
year, though I am inclined to believe that it is not quite so
serious on all trees. The injury appears to be more spotted this
season.

To L. Guyton (September 2): This insect is distributed over the
southern half of the State a. has in the -.-restern parts of the
State made the locust trees quite brorn,. A field of soybeans in
close proximity to a browned locust grove in Gren County has
badly damaged by the beetles.

OAK

SPIMI OAZ WORM (Anisota gtinma Hbn.1

Fe Ci. Graighead (Septembe:' 21): In the vicinity of Asheville
there has been rather heavy feeding during the late summer by
the spiny oak "sorm (Aisota sp.)?, I did not have the insect















AF P ",I TJ. I NS


det .rminud bat it is one of n-ir co-"on defolilator.. Some oak
trees :re almost co rt .y co tpp

T7.-_70 7 ''D:7 BC'.. (A.-rilus bilineatus '":-eb.)

F. C. CraiiJoa. (Spt nmaor 21): Trou'--.:,ut the south.rnm Artalr.chians
"-.&LF 'll:.-,. is q-aito a'bndnt. ":'-ny oas ar, dying .-hich
are t'-.oror'.1:v attacked I-.- this insect but undoubte-ly the3 pro-
disro:ing factor is the t drou-ght of the past season (1925).
I'- harfi-oods died l,.st fall without any insect attack ;r.,d Many
of thoc tIh -t wcro just 'oblu to pull thrcu.h are thu ones '-'hich
are now b,..in- kill ed by irrilus.


.Y FLA (rcnis rno Say)
1'S.JY FLTA~d (0rrpcni? 9mino^s Say)


Florida


Lo,7 YorI


1,1 D. Ir-or'ard (Soptm-ur 15): A moderate infestation on a consider-
able planting of Austr-l.ian pines in thu nurs-ry at Venice.

PATLS :.T-:,L (Hylobius ,l3.J 3oh.)

E. P. r,-,t (Sctermber 24): Thu pales z-ez.vil has been definitely
associated rith serious injury to 15-,ycar-old Scotch pines
ranging in sizo from 1 to 5 inches in diameter, An extensive
planting near a strip of old pines shoved 100 per cent infezstation
end some 25 per cent dying., the -rubs -6r'.in- in the cambium just
belo'7 the surface of the soil and P-rdlin-; the trees, the adjacent
e.rt'i boing infiltrated Tvith pitch.. A species of Pissod,:s,
possibly P. anProximatus -o.'. ,-as also -.scociatd in this -7ork
though app'-r-.tly m=uch less abtnd.ant.


South
Carolina


J. 0. Peper (August 2): iA small area of pine ..troes in Columbia
and Spartanburg h: boeen attacked by a speucies of bark beetle.


"7ALIMTT C.2THPILLR (Dt.n intcn-errima G. & R.)


Indiana


iT..7 York


Penn s:.'Ivaria


Bennet A. Pcrter (Sept .,,".br 25): Unusually abu'idaint. 1.Mny trees
co!rplctely defoliated at Vincennes.
JEUC?-.,: "JILLO. TT--.1T4 (laaod;n c._.r!7icolora l.iich)

Z. P. Felt (S-;ptomber 24): Thu --hropcn ,7illo-, lnef bectle has
extended its :n. e north'vrd in the LHudson Rive-r V.l1.uyv very
catl7, **it hu-ing been recorded for the first timc. from Armenia,
- et Chat'ham, ".V'CU, and Albany, It is probable tha t'.is vc-y
conoid.rablc north -.rd extcnsion of some 100 miles rsulted from
flight anI rind drift.

A, 3. 1-).qrlain (S'pt tber I): Ornamcntal -illows alone: the river










-j V at Harrisburg.
shore are badly damaged by this new (to us) pestj Adults plentiful
at Ihis time, no larvae observed at this date but larval work
on foliage evident as woll as adult feeding.

9ICKORY TOITND 3T /IL (Ci-horonia regalis Fab,)

J. J. Davis (Septcmbcr 50): The hickory horned devil ras unusually
abundant and frequent letters of inquiry were received from
August 24 to September 17, from Martinsville, LaFayette, Rushville,
Elnora, Burney, WTavelandand Greensburg. In all cases they were
sent in apparently because of their conspicuousness rather than
for any damage done.

GREEK HOUSE AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

MI SCELI ATEOUS FEED-- S


ORIENr-.L MOTH (Cnidocamra flavescens 'Walk.)


Massachusetts








South
Carolina


J. V, Schaffner, Jr. (September 22): The infestation seems to
be about the same as last year. Larvae are now spinning cocoons.
Severe defoliation on Vorway maple, black and red oak, black
birch, buckthorn, 'nd apple noticed in vacant lots and backyards
of Dorchester and -'.oxbury districts nf Boston. The heavy in-
festations seem to remain in same spots year after year.

MARGINED BLISTER BEETLE (Enicauta cinerea marginata
SFab.)
J. 0. Pepper (September 14): Specimens of the margined blister
beetle have been received from Chester as damaging clermatia
vines.
GLAQDI OLI


BLISTV. BEETLES (Meloidae)


Indiana


Maryland


J. J. Davis (September 30): Occasional reports of blister beetle
damage continued to come in up to September 9. In 04oe case a
commercial planting of gladioli at LaGragge was seriously
damaged.

ASTERS

BLACK BLISTER BEETLE (E1icauta pennsvlvanica DeG.)

Jo A.* Hyslop (September 2): These black blister beetles were
swarming on nameivarieties of the hardy native perennial
aster on my farm (Avanel). One or two beetles were on every
flower bed. They were eating the opening petals. A. dusting
with calcium arsenate was applied. None were present the next
day nor were any dead beetles to be found under the plants,


ASTER .-P 'D (Aphis middletonii Thos. )


M. HN S-enk (September 6): The aster aphid was reported doing


Indiana


Nebraska
































I. *1















































































































































~1






Indiana


Texas


Texas




Iddiana








Cal i fornia










Visconsin




Texas


Texas


"2S.9-
J. J4 Davis (S eptember 30)- F.ieas have been reported as unusually
abur.darnt in dwelli:-gs in the- southern two-thirds of Indiana, tho
past month.-

RAIN-BA RREL MOSQUITO, (< ..ex ,q-uiq v. fa s r a-.us Say)

F. C. Bishopp (September 27): This mosquito has been unasmsally
abundant in Dallas and other northern Te::aa- torny5 this s)arnnrer.
They have been reported eas annoying. people in sections of the
city where mosquitoes have not been kno7-n to occur heretofore.

YELf'6t.-.ESER 2 0S UITOJ1T0 e a-ol L.

F. C. B-Ithorp(September 27): Yellow-fever mosquitoes have continued
to be very annoying in and around cL-cll"nfs in Dallas thro'u o..4;
September, However, comparatively fepr cases of dengaa have been
reported,
MOSQUITOES (Oai15cidae)

J. J. Davis (Se;bemb .':30): A very unusual plague of mosquitoes
appeared t'hcu-h.it central I.-di-na beginning .September IS, and
lasting for nearly a reek. 7'e have never experienced such a
sudden appearance or 'obunddzrc-e of moquitoes in Indiana before.

=.P:Oil

S PIGEON1 FLY (l:nchia maura Bigot),

F. C,. Bishopp (September 27): Repcrts have been received of the
occurrence of the pigecn fly on a n-uin.ber of co.rncrcial flocks
of pigeons in the vicinity of Los Angeles. Sc..e birds were
apparently infest ed -nith an avrerge of about 30 flies and the
young seemed to be reduced in ."71..i- and retarded in development.
A disease -of undetermined character was reported to be prevalent
in certain flocks and thought by some to be connected with the
parasite.
CATTLE -

CATTLE GROB (Hypoderma. liner tur- DeVill.)

D, C. Anthony (September 11): Troublesor-.e.this year in Dane and
Winnebago Counties.

HORN FLY (Haematohia irritans L.)

F, C* Bishopp (September 27T):..jorn flies were strikingly few
on cattle in the vicinity of -Dallas. The number ranges from 25
to 500 per animal.

STO3LB FLY (Stomoxys calcitrans L.)


F. C, Bishopp (Sept-ember 27): There hn.s been no increase in the
number. .of stable, lies during September in northern Texas, but
nearly q1l dairy cattle are more or less annoyed by teem.. The
average in some herds run. bet'-een 5 and 10 flies per aninl,
rhile in others the average reaches 33.








SCE77 ';iIM (Cochliom-yia macellaria Fab,,).


Texas


Ncbraska


Mississippi


F0 C. Bishopp (Septenber 27): Weekly trapping records at a
local packing home (Dallas) show an increase of 12 per cent of
C_. macdllaria from September 1 to Spt.mber 24 and an increase
of nearly 50 per cent'In volume during the same period. Other
common species of flies have also greatly increased in volume
but the percentage of each species relative to the total catch
has changed very little during this came period., .

flCGS,

DOG TICK .Dermnacgntor variabilis Say)

M, H. Sr-enk (September 16): A veterinarian in Dourlas County
reported during latter August that the dogs in his kennels were
all badly infested with ticks, *Derraccnttr variabilis.

I NSE CT S I NIE S.,TI'NG HOU SES -AND PRZMI SE S

nRGZNTIIE AH? (*Iridomyrmex humilis Mayr )


N. B, Smith (September 21): Recent surveys conducted at Oxford,
Greenwood, Belzoni, and Shaw show that the Argentine ants are
more scarce this year than in a number-of years. In most of these
towns the line of infestation has receded, the native ants thus
displacing the Argentine ant. At Oxford a new infestation of the
Argentine ant has apparently arisen froi the habit the town authori-
ties have of dumping refuse in empty gullies near the edge of town.
This practice should be discontinued wherever it is in vogue, else
the Argentine ants will be scattered over a much larger area than
they non occupy.


All AfJT Tapinoma sessile Say)


Mississippi





Mississippi


Mississippi


M. R. Smith (September 21): An ant, Tapin6ma sessile Say,ise
causing much trouble in several houses at Greenvood. It has also
been r reported from lkuka,

SMALL GUGAR ANT (ren016is sp.)

M. R. Smith (September 21): An ant, known locally as the small
sugar ant, a species of Prenoleois (ITylanmderia), was observed in
several houses recently in Greenwobd. .Jn one of these houses the
ants were so troublesome that the housekeeper had resorted to
placingthe legs of the tables-in cans bf'"water.

TINY BLACK A17T (Monomoriurm minimum Buckley)

Mo Ro Smith (September 21): The tiny black ant is very prevalent
in many homes in the Delta section of Mississippi. The .ants have
been observed to be unusually abundant at Greenwood and at Belzoni.









TERMITES


Nebraska





Kansas









Nebraska


Kansas


Illinois




Kansas






Illinois


Indiana


M, Ha S-enk (September 16): During early September reports wre
received from the vicinity of Alma, in Harlan County, to thr
effect that a great deal of damage was being done to frau-t and
shade trees in that vicinity by our common Nebraska termite,
Reticulitermes tibialis Banks.

J, We McColloch (A-gust 20): Termites have injured the wocdwcrk
in a dwelling at Americus. (August 25): Termites have been re-
ported working in the woodwork of a house and farm building at,
Medicine Lodge. (September 3): Termites are workingg in the wood-
work of a house and also in the trees and ornamentals on a farm
at Smolan, (September 5): Territes are killing cherry trees at
Hutchinson.

CIGARETTE BEETLE (Lasioderma serricorne Fab.)

M. H, Swenk (September 16): During the last :7eek in August a
report was received from Omaha of the cigarette beetle injuriously
consuming the hemp filling og furniture,

Jo W. McOolloch (September 4): Injury to furniture in several
houses at Fredonia was reported by a furniture dealer, (September 22):
Beetles and larvae were received from Leavenworth with the informa-
tion that they were abundant in upholstered furniture,

STORED GRAIN INSECTS

STCEED GRAIN INSECTS (Several species)

W. Pa Flint (Sep&6'bb?-20): This class of insect pests is
causing more damage than usual, due probably t- the fact that the
grain was held in the shock for much longer than usual, and wvas
put in the bins in a rather damp condition.

J* We McColloch (September 20): Injury from stored-grain insects
has been reported from Bluff City, Hudson, and Sublette. The
sample from Suiletto contained the cadelle weevil, and dark
meal worms.

IMIAN MEAL MOTH (Plodia interrunctella Hbn.)

W. P. Flint (September 20)2T.his insect is very numerous in grain
bins, and has been found in one instance causing quite severe
damage to stored soybeans. In this case the beans had been carried
over for one year in tight bins. The infestation was so severe
as to cause damage to about 50 per cent of the stored beans.

ANGOU OIS MAIN MOTH (Sitotrowa cerealella Oliv.)

Jo J* Davis (September 30): Infestations of the Angoumois grain
moth in stored corn hav been received from several places in the
State.





UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

3 1262 09244 5724


-.<- ,...,. ** G?.ANARY "" 'SLL (rTjn ra fr n r ""):
al A'11 T M Y r".1.- l- -i -__ 122i
Illinoie -W. P o-Flint (September 20): Tv.irernr*.i reports of dawnage by this
insect havec6."o in frcri cavi clt.vators ai1 fz.I'Liers. Tl.as f.r
the darm..ge has been mostly to corn,

Nebraska M. H Svaihk (Septe-ib.r 16): r:o lain's of inji-ry"by store0-fi-rain
pests severall cf ce.;) l-e.-. to be recel ccid v:j_'.mg the'las j fet..
*days in August, and ccn-;i:nked t;o be reickiv d i rncrcasit- n-f5.mbers
.. during the first hal. c- Se]5t3riber, A great rfi'r cf te- cc,..g-lints
*re'l-tnd to. the irnfestation cf El-o0-ed &hr3r;i~ rni* t"'-,h n,' ".'?
farmers' c6znp'.&a: '!d. of serious in.-j to st"r-.,d wheat and rye a!so.
The complaints C.=jL' from all part.. of the St-tte. L.1 cl'ici pr-st
doing the da,-age vas the cc.:mnmn g7':-nary weevil, ";.;..-'nira .rranariaa

FCREIGN GR dIN BEZTTI (Ca._tln.e.-tu ,g adven.a W t o) "'

Indiana J, -Davie (Septem.ber '('): CGr-an mcevils have been unusually
nun, erols this fall and the n-.- ,ri'. seem to be the v'ecies ei ich
are attracted to mo!d1 On accoa'r:- o the e:-ceczsi-e rio-istuee r.uch
wheat r.as threzcheCl d r.p. The iforein g.'ain b-etle (a ; :_
nd avrnq) is the tentative determination wve hfpve made for the species
i seems to be predcmin?.nt, niVne it does rnet anppeir to danrcige
the grains, it is apparently largely rispnsp-',' for heating of the
grain.







: *"


J *