The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00028

Full Text


C. U-
-



Vol. 5 Octobcr I. 1 .92 7



0OUTSTAlIDI:C- :rorTIOLC:$-CAL FpATJ-T_ II TIHE J- ST.,TE3 F"O- T C CF SEF-7T-'-'
SL 10925
OGra -ho-0'ncr: socm to be rruch more pr.:v1 oat th:.n uzral throuwho-.t the
SNc-.7 Enal x: and Miaddle Atlantic Sta.tes, extcninm '.;.tr."rd into the Ohio P'ivor
SValley to 7'i2-'ri,

Heusian fly emergence is reported as h.vi:-_ booeen first r.otci in Indiana
and Illinois en September 13, Bet'-.ccn 10 and. 20 per cent of the plants contained
eggs on that dlatc at Lafayette. Completcd repcrt on lo-eso', occasioned by this
i' pest is contained in this luTh-.r .r.d indicates that .O,00,000 --,:cs of Twh at
orc lost as a dir-c,: rc-ult of irJnfctation by this irsect. TLc sit-ar tlon still
-", appears very so_'iou.s in -2Pnzes, nd. the f'll brcod .vas rccorded .s hivlrg crnorged
'.bout the midr o oi -_usto A dotlilid nt; taIonr of rcsultfrom th i{essian
Sfly ficli stations in Yobracb], is co.-, .i- in this rnibcr of the 3'Bltin. L i
laying was first ojz crvcd on AuguLst 31. 7hic, ho,>Iver, "as sporadic and no
* further irnificanc g laying v.'as observed until Soptermte- IT. 7roe: that date
tc h ,th cg lain r-pidily incrc-sed cid as still heavy when t' last
report was r3ceivced (.c-ptember 25).

Thr. chinch brg is reported .s increa-inu in threatzninT nurmocrs in the
north a.t.r- part of ... .1rnan This insect is also threatonirng a considered
arc- in Illinois -.'.i :' s--o -i. le-:.'.y increase is also reported in Hobrask,

Th. corn ca:- w.?rm is *.ir provalornt in thu southern 1^-' Bngigland StatEe,
M middle At,_n JC State.. ard the Upper Lisisii Valley. Heoavy flights 'ore
observed ir l_ te S jtr'mber in Coinr-cticut and nhbont the middle of Sept or:-bc, in
N Indiana :..nd iiiinoic.

The a-p.io 'n,-'t is rupsorted as ivsuliy ab,'ad .,nt in :T--ssachustts and eastern
J at-. Yo1rk -:d is colna considerable d-ma e in a few local? ties in Indiana rad


I.Th Sr_ -Jose sc.le was roportc'. as s-rio us in Vigin-a, r-, ani ILlnoi

L^T The Oriental:. vxf.ch -r-.)'.- is o1107 rol t-blishd in the Sandhill scct on of
Jorth .ro L.ai. Up to this year this pest was orly know from Raleigh and.
'7'ilm.ington in this St.-tc.
'--
The ':e:-ican becj, b'.ce is reported fron th.e follovitg additional counties
,F,, In Indiana: Z.'-_,Zno, .lbois, ?-.rtin, Spencer, and P';rry. In the current ye'r it
A has ;.xtcr,.Ad its rvango ':*t-";rd in Yeta"uzky to Christian, bHokir2s, :'c-- rnd
IHancoc;. Courticz, -n in 'cnness& to t -"art, Benton, an.d Dccat-ar Counti ':,

A very serio-i.s outbrea-k of the beVt .obrorm is reported from the -fo" -lk
district of Virginia., some fields having been entirely stripped by this pust. in
Tebra.lc_ -nd 1Lnsas a -:cry heavy infez3-.ticn on pusia, thistle is reported, .-rd
in northern Utch ,,nd southern Idaho this insect is Ceoir conl.dcrable dr-_ -.o the
sugar bee-ts. 339













The m-st serious infestation of cotton by the be&n thrips ever rzccrded
occurred this year in sout',h.;rn California.

In this nu-imber of t"-e bulletin is a general surmr-ry of this year I's
develom2-nTnts of the gipsy moth, bro,-n-tail moth, Crientl-1 moth, and satin
:m.oth from the Melrose Fir;-_,lirds Lcj.bor,'tcry of the Bure:u. 7-uring the summer
the gipsy moth infestation was genc.-ally li--ht except in the Cap% Cod section,
In the en: Jersey infested th.r'. less infestation than any time since
the discovery of this insect in the State. The bro-mn-tail mroth situation seems
to be about the same as reported last year. Apparently the Etin moth has
spread greatly during the past se'f-on. PoplL-rs and willows ,were entirely I-e-
foliated in mrny towns from Cape Cod to the southern partrof 2aine. The range
of this pest is now recorded as extendin:, northT-rd to T:arren, Me., and
Moultonborough, N. H., west--rd to Wilton ad Mason, N. H., and Worcester,
'*s,., and as occupying the eastern third of 'Rhode Island.

A serious infestation of a spl-n':-orm on larch,7loria fifcf.ll-ri2 Guen.,
is reported from Wisconsin and Michigan.

Infestation of pine by Cglas is sp., in Louisiana, ur-on -h.ich we
reported in a previous number of tLe Bulletin, srcms to be deciledly "3rse
than last year, many trees being from half to three-.uartcrs def3liatod.

During the month of Sept'.rAber very heavy inrfest.Ations by flecs have
b-;cn reported from Ksnsas, Missouri, and Ohio.









OUTSTAi IGC- ENT;TOODGICAL FFATMRS IM CANADA FOR SET-_'BP., 1925


The poplar vagabond gall, Mordvilkoja v-.'abunda, is exccciin-ly abuni.ant
in the Prairie Provinces this season.

The European bark louse, Cryptococcus fagi Barenspr., is abundrnt on dying
beech trees throughout a considerable portion of central !Ivra Scotia, and at
Charlottetovmr, Prince Edward Island.

The outbreak of spruce budwonrm, IIanr.olo fumiferana Clem., in the Thor
La3:e --nd Thunder B-.y districts of Ontario is active again this year.

The corn ear wornm has been responsible for serious losses to grocers of
sivect corn throughout the lover St.- John River Valley, Ne7w Brrn'nick, -nd at Kent-
ville and Middleton, Nova Scotia.-

Grasshoppers have been responsible for considerable injury to crops in the
Kettle River Valley, in southern British Columbia, especially around Lidway and
Pock Creek.

The Colorado potato beetle has become firmly established in the southeastern
corner of British Columbia, all potato fields in the Cranbrook area now being in-
fested. In Alberta, this insect has been less abundant than for three years past,
and a..ppe.-.rs to be on the decrease.

The rose loafThoner i; quite abundant in some apple orchards of the Niagnara
district, Ontario, this season.

Additional outbreaks of the codling moth in British Columbia have been re-
ported from Nelson, Penticton,and Salmon Arm.

The common housefly has been found in the Bnnff district. Alberta, att an
altitude of 7,000 feet, memany miles from any.*habitntion.

Insect injuries to shade trees in the Prairie Provinces have been much
less severe this year than us-ual.


_341-l









C-RAG: 1C PFT (Acridiidae)
C-BA^SQH~CFF=F.R (Acridiidae)


.': -acrchusetts







Connect i cut




New York



Ohio


Indiana





Illinois






al .Ouori


'Ijn1 S s


H. T. Fornald (September 22): Grasshoppers, very generally
throughout the State, have been unuu-ally abundant this last
month. lo particular complaints of unusual injury have been
received, but fields aind Pcded areas and, in some cases,
garden crops have sho m an unusually large number of these
insects. In one or two cases garden crops have suffered
severely as a result of the feeding of the grasshoppers.

". E. Britton (August 15): An o'-ner at Guilford purchased
mritcrials to make poisoned bait but before he put it out
grasshoppers seemed to disappear. A 10-acre field of alfalfa
was reported as quite badly eaten. More abundant this year.

A. D. Long (August 1): A veritable scourge of grasshoppers
in mr-ny localities in 0rangc County on oats, alfalfa, and
fruit trees.

G. A. Runner (September 1): Grasshoppers are unusually abundant
in meadows in ma=y loc citiess near Sandusky.

Z. W.'.iendcnh:ll (September ll): The grasshoppers are very
numerous% all over the State and are doing considerable damage
to forage crops.

J, J. Davis (September 24): Grasshopprs .:re more or less
abundantt throughout the State, damaging veoetable and flower
P.rden plots, corn, clover, and alfalfa. Molanoplus femur-
rubrum DeGeer is the predominant species although in some few
localities MI. differentialis Thos. is the species most destructive

W. P. Flint (S-'pt-mber 19): Ruports of scattered areas heavily
infested by grasshoppers continue to come into the office.
From field o:,-yinLntions of some of these areas the species
'l.'enoplu femur-rubrv.u:n has c-aused more th:n 90 per cent damage.
i.,ting is just starting. 'No laying has been observed t3
date.

L. Haseman (September 22): Follol-ing the h-y harvest the
conc-ntr.tion of jTr-sshoppurs on corn and other crons h!Us created
cocisiderable alorm :and they have done considerable dnmre. There
has not been a general epidemic, but an abundant of them over
a wide ares.

;::ITE ctG-JBS (Th-loph:a,_ spp.)

J. "W. VicColloch. (Sept-nber 10): YThite grubs are reported killing
blue .-rass larns at L.rrn:d.


_-








Texas


Virginia


Utah


Indiana




Illinois








'.:i ssouri




Kan sas


Coo erative Report on status of cotton insects as of ugu;t 15.
L. L* Thomas (August 14): The wingless May beetles have been
reported at Amarillo in the Panhandle.

CU'j.CRTS (Noctuidae)

Herbert Spencer (August 29): Cut'-orms are doing considerable damage
to the plantirgs of kale in our trucking section. The growers are
.e bl n. Th groi-ers ar3
using poisoned-bran bait rith good success.

WiTY ',-'R-aF (Eiateridae)

G. F. KnoTl-ton and 1. Christcnson (September 1): Wirc-ormis did
serious damage to 'vha't in the vicinity of Toole in the early
p-.rt of the um.-nur. -.

CER S AL AND FOR A E- C R 0 P I iT S E C T S



HSSVIil'Y -Y (Pnytobhaga destructor Say)

WY B, C-rC-right (September 19): Oviposition of the Hessian fly
on volunteer "heat has been noted since September 19 vath infestation
by eggs of bet--en 10 and 20 per cent of the plants examined at
Lafaye t t e.

W. ?. Flint (Scpt.-mb,.r 19): During most of the last month the
theirhe r has been sufficiently dry to that very little emergence of
the fly has occurred. In the last week heavy rains have occurred
over most of the State and adults of the Hessian fly are no7 be-
rirninrg to comae out. Daily cx7- r. ir, tions mr-0e at Urbcna of wh1at
sor'_ Au-:s&. 31 failed to bovT any ep-gs until September 18, when a few
eggs v.erc founC., It seems probab?.e that heavy Emergence will occur
during the next leek.

LT. Haseman (September 22): Tne situation on this pest has not
changed during the last r month. There is an abo.nd& nce of volunteer
wheat this fall, "but the wheat growers .re adhering to tho fly-free
dL; rnd are lIminm.atinn mch of this vrolunter heat.

J. 7, McColloch (Se-optmber 22): 7o have nov: completed the analysis
of the datta on losses caused by -;he Hessian fly to the 1925 wheat
crop Figures short that this insect reduced the Kansas heat crop
by at lest 40,C00,000 bushels. Durirz the last month w-e havc made
a survey of field conditions and ve finde that the Hossian fly situation
is still alarming. F3?:xnceds are numerous in the old stubble through-
out the State. For tihe most part therc has been very little frc2r.f-encc;
dwuia-; the sumner, althor,7h there has been an abundance of volunteer
wheat. In one arena, extending from Ford County to Ellis County,
there was a very heavy midsumrrmer brood on volunteer wheat. -lust
what conditions produced this raidsuwmiir brood i; comE--h:;t obscure,
but apparently it wa- a combination of two heavy rains, one coming








about the 20th of July amd the second about thB 1st of August. Samples
of volunteer wheat collected at Hays and in southeastern Ford County
h-d as high as 30 fl'-xsceds per culm on August 20. Fall emerSence
is now ta-kin.- place in this volunteer wheat.
There has been a determined effort on the p&rt of the farmers in
many counties'to follow the program recommended for Hessian fly control,
Early harvest this year mad2 early seedbed preparation possible, Mnd
there has been ample opportunity to keep down volunteer wheat and
prepnre a good seed bed. As a result, in some counties every stubble
field was turned mnecr by the middle of July ad at present it is
difficult to find volunteer wheat. Good rains the last few days have
put the ground in excellent condition, so that I-heat gowing-can be
delayed until the recommended date with s.:.fety. "os-t of the fl&xseeds
now contain pupae of the fly and it is expected that the recent rains -ill
bring out the adults within the next few days.

M. H. Swenk (September 23): Two Hessian fly field observation stations
have been established this fall to determine the earliest safe '-heat
sowing date to avoid daLige by the Hessian fly, one west of Millard
(station :To. 1), in Douglas County, and the other east of Hastings
(station No. 2), in Adams County. The following results have been
obtained to date:


Date : Station :
Aug. 27 : 1
" 25: 1
" 29: 1
" 30: 1
" 31 : 1
Sept. 1 1 :
1: 2
2 1
2 2
3 : 1
3: 2
4 1
4 2
S 5 1
5 2
6 1 :
6 2
I 7 1
7 2
: 1
S 2
9 1
9 2
10 1
110 2
11 1
11 2
12 1
12 2
13 : 1
13 : 2


llumbcr of puparia
peor 100 stubble

310
239
250
240
280
313
307
277
308
221
233
321
2453
254
302
269
434
309
430
291
374
3o4
317
337
2.55
329
230
356
2725
325


: Number of flies:
emerged :
12
16
10
12
: 2
6
0
0
0

0
: I

0
0
0.
0
: ~3:
4
14
: Id :



19
1
54
2
72
106
: I. "





lo
40
0
66
0
: 16
l64


'umber of eggs
laid on 100 -plants
0
0
0
0
27
11
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0


'- brp ska


-_34.r-







-345-


Dat :to Station :
Scpt.14 :
" 14 : 2
" 15 : 1
" 15 :
" 16 : 1
" 16 : 2
" 17 : 1
" 17 : 2
" 1 : 1.
" 18 : 2
" 19 : .1
" 19 -2
" 20 : I1
" 20 2
" 21 : 1
" 21 : 2
" 22 : 1
" 22 2
" 23 : 1
" 23 : 2
" 24 : 1
" 24 : 2
"i 25 : 1
" 25 : 2


lunibcr of pui:'-ria :
-per 100, o tubibplo
235
267
4ll
319
333
267
231'4
28s4
316
281:
355
305
349
282
485
243
526
296
4ll
282
427
275
396
474


IT-ambor of flios:I.'Frbur of epgs
amorgo d -_ :laid on 100QLL nt
0. 0
7 0o
0 0
4 0 o
2 6
8 0
11 23
72 0
12 24
297 18
92 : 1
110 .0i4
0o< 108
291 g2
216 36
65 33
2 3g
30 1
231. 9
516 309
251 102
199 1 22
24 73
2014 173


JOInTORMI (armolita tritici Fitch)


Missouri


L. Hascmn (Soptoambor 22): From cur Hessian fly inspection we ic v
fov-nd an al',rni-ng infestation of the jointwomn in a nuaibar of sections
scith of the :Iiszouri River.


F.L-E ;;dET.O;: (3,o.c, od-c cc. Say)

Kansas J. TW, IcCclloch (Soptmanber 12): The false wire-:orm is reported at
U;scs destroying sco& wheat as fast as it is planted. Soil is very
dry and germination is 'blow.

CI7 C. BUG- /ius uct Say
CHNHBUJ (T'i~ul '.G m~c. mt -u- Say)


Indiana



Illinois


Jo J. Davis (Suptember 2 Z): 1 chi.ch bag has not done much dr.Ta2c
this ycar but i. incrc-.siri; to conspicuous .-tn.Tbcr s in the northeastern
part of the State,

W. P. Flint (Sept -mbcr 19): During the last rnonth trhe weather has,
on the vholo, bcmn f vorable to the de-veloprnent of -c'r.dnd-brood chinch
bugs, and althou. i hc.vy rains have killed a few of the ycune. bugs
in some sections thesc rainr. have not been sufficiently heavy to m-ao
any material reduction in the number of us, and we still e7p-ct
damage over considerable areas of the State,,neo ;ear. Some flight
to winter quarters took place on Scptcrboer 17.









-346-


Missouri






Nebraska


Connecticut




'TC1 York


Indiana




Illinois


Michi ---n









.iS souri


L. 3??eman (September 22): No appreciable damage was done this
year in Missouri by the spring or the summer brcods; but in late
September many of tT- cornfields are beiiig found literally
alive with the adult chinch bug and the prospects are good that a
heavy 'brood will go into winter quarters in this section of the
State.

M. H. Swenk (Au.gust 25-Septe.aber 25): The chinch bugs incre--sed
very greatly in abundrice teczuse of the successful rearing
of the second generation last month and from present indications
will go into hibernation in larger numbers over the infested
area than they did a year ago,

CORN EAR WMRM (Heliothis obpolD-a Fab.)

J. L. Rogers (September 21): Moths were flying about hillside,
resting on g,.Adenrod. In Bridgeport and rew Haven they i.ero
observed resting on building near the aro li.hts. About a 75
per cent increase in the Bridgeport district.

D. L. Hayes (August 1): Considerable loss was occasioned in one
large cornfield in Genesee County by the corn ear worm,

H. F. Dietz (September 21): Corn ear vworm noths -ere present in
a heavy fli-ht at Indisnapolis on September l14 and 15 and at
Goshen September 16. These moths are still flying in lesser numbers
at the present time.

7. P. Flint (September 19): A very heavy flight of moths of this
insect has been occurring during the last week. Egs are very
abundant on Indian mallow, late corn, and other plnts which the
insEcct infests. In some cases large numbers of the eris of this
ins-cb have c-cn found on th' '.i of fox-tail grass. Rccenn
counts made in fields of corn i.n the vicinity of Urbana show an
average iniifestation running from 50 to 55 per cent and in a few
fields as high as 80 per cent of the ears have been found infested.
This infestation is lar. -':,l.y by late-brood worms vaich have hatched
during the past two or three weeks.

R. H, Pettit (Septb.-.r 1): Th'ere cx: that sweet corn is r.civ-oncuo this year for hurnari cc-r.sumption. This
is wi-oi to warnings scnt out in oth;r years a.-ainst feeding 7reen
co-n affectedd by the corn e-- worm to horr's and hogs, together
with the qu'.a-a-tinr; activities "..:h..ch arc, of co-rse, new here
1an ,hl.:'.i se-mn to hiva dl stirtd the pei.-c of mind of the myriads
of tourists vwh come t'.rum,-;. "i-cr.i.on every ec-ir to escape hay
fever. I am g,-t~ii,,_ inquiries thL'.',.i-jn the rrril daily besides answer-
ing questions whenever I ippcar on the st:'ect,

L. Hac :nman (22';.pt'nhcr 22) This insect was relatively unimportant
until late sumor when late sweet and field cirn became scvcrely
attack.-.d in the central part of the it.ate,










FALL U7OF;! (l:_`...1P-ga frufiperda. S. & Ak.)


Michigan R, H. Pettit (September 23): For the first time this year we
have met the fall armyworm working in s-c't corn at Goodrich,
Genecco County. The specimens are not more than half gro',n
but they are reported as plentiful.

G.0DET ;,,-. (Loxostege similalis Guen.)

Kansas J. W. McColloch (September 10): Wcbworms are proving troublesome
in some alfalfa fields near Hutchinson, Rono County.

ALFALFA 'CATTPILLAR (Eurmas 3urvthe, c 5oisd.)

Arizona Arizona Ne-s Letter, Vol. 3, No. 8,(August 31): The alfalfa
butterflies -.7re abuid.rt in the Salt Piver Valley during the
early part of the month. Automobiles traveling through the
alfalfa districts had their radiators cop'iously adorned with
the bodies of these butterflies.

APHI.ID.-
Utah George F. 1:nowvvlton (SEptanber 18): Aphids are still numerous in
alfalfa fields in northern Utah where the hay is green.

T JRmi:-DT' PLANT BUG (Lvgus pratensis L.)

Illinois Y7. P. Flint (September 19): Adults of this insect have been
noted in r:at abundance in all fields of legumes, particularly
soybeans -rid alfalfa.

VELjVET BEAT

VELVET BE1N CATERPILLAR (Anticarsia Gemmatilis Hbn,)

Florida J. R. Watson (Angust 29): Thu velvet bean caterpillar is beginning
to do considerable daagpe to velvet bocns in the peninsular part
f)f Florida. This insect has not, for s ,ver:l .'ears p-Ist, been
as de structive as fonnerly,.

:C- 7..

A LS='HOE-L7. ('Draecuilas .2pj T,. a mollines Say)

ndiana EH. PF. Dietz (September 21): The loe.f'hor-rer Drr.:'-!
T'ollines Sa7 appeared in large 'rm arc.untr lights at ALjd.rzon
and Indi:mnapolison the night of September 17.

LFA -C--3-" '-.
rebraska M H Swenk (August 25-SeptLmbcr 25): On the nights of Septnjr
17 t* 19 large swarms of leafhoppcrs of several species descended



















INe7 York


-35S-
upon Lincoln -o the intense annoyance of all persons working
around. lights. Somu of the stores *7cr forced to close early
because of the clouds of insects that ,ere attract ed into thcM
by the lights.
BU C:" "51. T

BEI-I APHID (A-iphis rumicis L.)

C. V Crosby (S-pt-mber 2): Badly infested tuhlkhaat was
received. from .E:lmira.


R UIT INSECTS

APPLE

P-1?Lr APHID (Ax-his 'pomi DoG.)


iCTew York


C. R. Crosby (G-.uI.st ): Severe injury to the fruit -.-s noted
in one instance in lonroc Countyv.


CODLIN' EEH (Crrr-occy r.sa *-- L.)


'T.-.. York



Illinois




Misvou-ri


.!s sour i




- ssachu- .tts



'.. York


C,. t. Crosby and assi1stnts (u.st I): Dui.i-. the first "',ok.
in Aut consilrablc injury was reported fLo' Columbis and
Grcenc Counties.

W. P, Flint (September 19): As 7as expected, thi-d-brcod and
!ato second-brood larvae of this insect 'iav bn u'ucly
abundant and c:-u-wd heavy infestation in all but t"'. most
carefully spr.ay. d orchards.

L. Hasemen (September 22): This insect sc.-'.z to be abo-t norrm.al
"th other ye--rs. In the hail-s ept Fections cf central 1issouri
it has been difficult to protect the fruit a---.in-t the pLCt bitt
th-er is no -j.nrcu-l 11- heav,- prilcemic reported from the anpli-
grooinn secctions of the St.te.

JIZAP OT,:-.LDR (Mincola indi'inella ZSil.)

L. Iasep,5n (H-.r-mmbcr 22): Tl- -ppe lea' c-u-Tpler has b.cn
,.ror- ac'.ndan'#6 than iiucual this surnTcr, particl-irly on 7.'o:ng fruit
L;'7.-.,-I'. APPLE ,,"'; ( ^^ L.-- ,.T ..ivo W~h

SD. .itccV'7 (Sept(r2;'r 22): A fc, typical e,-ca--:.tions ccn-
tainirnz h'alf- .e" "-o r..,e 7ore fonad ir Mclntoh and '>-aliUiy
apples at Lit'-ci-on and Glcaisnd -.

D. L. Hay-C (i 1): .n u"uully lArl-e court of injury is
bun. c.. ,, n: this t in U,.nesoe County,.

. B. rr.1 (..',u.--'rt S): This pest is prcc-.nt ift Cntario
County in t.Cj.J proportions to the codlin.,- moth in n=ny inst.nces.









C..C-


Massachusetts


APPLE2 AND THOR1IT 7L-7`?0lI7.- (Hemerophila Lrriana ClercI)

Ao 1. BournG (Septcembecr 22): This generation of the apple and
thorn skeletoniser larvae, jhich are maturing about this time,
is unusually large. It has btcn our .xq:-.rienco heretoforz- in
this. St.-to that our --orst trouLlo has come from the larvae
of the brooi which matures about the last of July or ear.y
August and re h -c had v6fy little trouble with the gnrieration
,thich is maturing at this season.


BUD ::"T (T..itoccra ocellana D. & S.)


Massachusetts


His souri


W. DB, Whitco-tb (S'mpt-mber 22): Typical summer injury observed
in several orchards at Littleton,

TA:Tl-I T,:T CATERPILLAR (1'lascoroma ame cara 7:)

L- Has*-sin ('-Dtrnmb-r 22): This post has ap7prcd in greater
abundincee. in Mic.-curi, part-icilarly in ou'th-7ustu;rn Misoari,
then re have ever knon it boforo.


FALL Tt^'..: (:'-oh -mt r -a cunmqa Drury)


NTo York


W, D. Mills (August 15): Infestations on apple and pear are
more co:Y,.- r .y fo'.i," this season than last im W'ayne Counity. It is
not a siricus rest, however.


REB-ITJ-D C .-ERILL,-AR (Schizura concinna S, & A.)"


Ncn- York


Mi ssouri


Massachusetts


A, D,. Long (Auagu-t 1): Slight infestations of apple ..Td pear
h--v; been .-o;od on -evjrsl occasions in Orange County.

L. HL.e::n (,-3-tfmber 22): Throughout central Missouri a ge:.r-.l
thouih- not unusually severe epidemic has occurred.

'i" O 7-Y C rTlPILLAD (DgtjrI ministra Dir-y)

J, J. Davis C3eptcrY.r 2!4): The yollow',-necked apple caterpillar
id ros-pornsfbl- for afoli.Altit;n appio c1s in several sections
of control Idir reo

L. a.e.ze-C..n (September 22); Trhis asc-,c'orinied the red-humped
apple r(j::;.
APFLE. BA:-5CT (rvinn (ScU0r w '* sh)

A. I. Boourne (Sc.tpet er 22); I find. that very Pnerally over
the State the ap-3e..),, or r'.ilroad wrrm is vunuc-;.liy
abundant, It is rsrticularly '-.d on Weal.ie the appe of this
variety being infested .to an -.nuzsu-, d-.Croe, at least for
Mssz--.crusctts, There has also been some injury found on the
early pickirng- of .cl.!to -ih,

JBRARY
"TATE PLANT BOARD








-350-


_7-.7-r York





Indiana


IIicMh-n


Co R rosby ar.a assistants: In the first week in August an
unusval2y l.ar.c infestation.'was reported from the eastern
-o-rU of the State in Columbia and Dutchess Counties. ",hrc
to spr-,,sT were not appli d large losses rill undoubtc dly
be sustained.

J, J. Davis (Septemcber 24)" The arple rnggot was reported
doing considerable dann-e to apple in an orchard at Goshen.

R, H, Pcttit (Sept'nber 1): I receiveJ y st.rd:y a quantity
of adult flies of the apple mni:eot. This rraterial cnmo frc:m
Stockbridge, and samrnpls of apples from this orchard show
the presence of the apple mrcncot in excessive nu:nbers, even
Spies havipa been attacked. The owner of the orchard reports
that the -*lr.es have receicd six arsenical sprays, the first
three havir.ng been combination sprays of lime-s, "'-"'- and
arsenate of lead and the last three, beginning. th- first of
July, '-ore sprays of arsns.te of lead and m:jasses without
1imi- sl phiw


AF LE LEA?:iOPrF E (CTooasca mali LoB.)


Tew York



Massachusetts


Virginia







Georgia


Illinois


A. B. BucKholz (iAugust I.): Slight injury noted in Columbia
County.
R OSE L'ATHOPBE (T'.J.oc',bS ro.,c L.)

W. D, rvhiteonb (Sept :mL-,r 22): Several poorly-cared-for trees
are very heavily infested and ii g much injured foliage On
lower brar-chs at Littleton.

S.: JCS, SCi-m. (.X.ridiotus perniciosus Comst.)

Wo So Hough (Septcmeur 12): Th- San Jos- nc-le ncdeJ its
appearance cn the fruit in a rum'=:.r of large -,prle orchards
at in.ser in August. From such orc' -..u'ds irch fruit is now
go-gn to the canning factories arnd cider mills as a resalt
of this outbreak, A'l orchards ihich received a thorough appli-
catin .o f -,inter-strength lime sulfur at t,1; time of the delayed
Cormarnt E- arc free from 1he scale en the fruit,

0 .. (Sptcber 15): T'-: ;-n Jose scale has incrcered
vry,- rapidly in Georgia peoach orchards durin: the sumrero

VW. P. Plint (September 19): The dry, hot- r=atcr of the surnmcr
has been particularly favoraLle to this incct and orch-rds
that :7ere not c-'-. fIlly spr.- 'o1 lat x-,'uin .:r ere nc" sro "in.
'r. cors:-.dcr"ble infostation. L7ith at lca:-t one generation Ctill
to w^. ear there will -e need of cp-cial effort in contrcllin-g
"s r.-L durin-.- the comir: vrinter.

L. Hasernan (September -2): 'cu-rh the early _znmr.ncr the sc::Ic
v.'.-cl no si n--. of severe increase a- nd this fall we find it still
far b.i .nd norrrzl abundance on un-prn-,,ci trc-Z.













Indiana


New Ycrk



Ohio and
Pcnnsylvania


MtichiL-anri


New Yor1=


Georgia


Ohio


Georgia


SCUKRY SCALE (Chionaspis furfura Fitch)

Ja J, DCvis (September 24): I continue torr;ceive reports of
ab'aanLnca in apple orchards throughout the State.

qTUFE." AD. TIED MITE (Ppratetranyc.rus *ilc-u7v C, & F.)

C& P, Crucby and. assistants" During the first weckC of August
reports of considerable burning of l sea' "-,i c. to this pest
were received from Greene and Dutchess Cun.atiNs.

G. A. Ruhner (.Iugust 27): Injury to peach, appli, and plium
f.cm the Fiz.ropan red mite is severe in mn:iiy "ctalicies in
northern Ohio and Pennsylvania.

R., H. Pettit (September 22): Miss l-.cD:.--el r;or:'ts to me the
f.:",'i of the European red spider at St. J-i< o c The
fining 'as made on the l4th of September and the ifcestation
seomns to be fairly serious.

PEA?.

PE1R PSYLLA (Psvlla -pqyricola Foerzs)

C, R. Croeo, ani assistants: During the f'rst part of Auti"t
report fro the eastern fruit-growing sectioni cf the State
indCcatc.l. -,Th:ct d:i" by this p.-.ct zas conai rably IOs, than
~i'al, 2i: Var reports were rc'ci',cd from the wnstnrn fnr'it-
groT...ng sccticn.


? 7. B. P.E (Acs- ria cf. o-i Sny)


C. 1. Sr?-,-p (Z',cptamber 151): ?P2,,rar'.-ch.lorobonzene wil again be
usd ed.xsrcivo.y for the coa-tr.l of the peach bcr,.r Pr.p-aation
is be.hj mrale Ito jaec out -he rat,-erie.l in Georgia next onth
and it will ps` heap tak'- 500,000 po',nids to ireat the demand in
the Southeast this yer.

E. W. Monec L. (,ept nber 24): I ind the reach tree borers
are very i''nircus this yc-ar in nursery trees :-ind peach crchards.
The treia+r-. :1, of *p_.r.:';Ko'obncnor -;crus to Gbe eccosf1-
in 4- c" 5- "c- :-old tro.-s and i"i is .b... s.ed ie 7t;nsively
in peach r :Js in G'io. The infestation of nuirsory trees
is another proposition ard many of the troes arc ruined for the
market and are a loss to thrie nur'rr.-7-'.

F1TLLLER IS RSD BSET,=-T (n- ntc-i n-, fi7l'ii Horn)

0. I. Sn.app (S-pt;mlcr IS): This insect is present in numbers
at Woodbury feeding on -thc foliagec of peach tress in home
orchards.


-35J-











Connocticut





-orth Caroli.naL









Georgia


cOhio


Ohio


Phfili.p Garnn (Sept:mber 23): In two orch-.rds ,hcre expn-rirmunta.l
ork -,as done the infestation vrxied from 22 to 46 per cent
in untreated plots. Loss in one lrrge orchard n -r F7'l;li.-nford
was estimated at 30 per cent for the entire orch'rJ. infestation
vas light, apparently, in most other pl .,

R, W, Leiby (Septcmbor 18): IThe oriental fruit moth has apr- '-.d
this season throughout our commercial Sen..'ilis p-.ch ;,-ction
in potentially threatening numbers, olthouh fairly thicro.2eh
scoutin,- las1t .-ct r indicated its entire a. lso 1e cn r,'.ceivcd from the Picimont ."'ca this season. Prior
to 19?5 i-t ras kno..n to occur only at Ralci and imrton.
In the season of its first occ-urrcncc (1 '-) in the Sandhills
frcm 2 to 3'per cant of the latest corr,:.,:cial vaxicty of peaches
(Agbuert) showed fruit. infestation,

0. I1 Snapp and assistants "(Ssptcmber 15): Sixth-generation
moths are now cm.mrging i.n the inscctary. There rtil1 be a
pc rtir.l evonth generation here this year.

SHOT-HOLE BOPS1 (Scolytus ruculcns Ratz.)

R. W, Earned (September 26): The fruit tree barkbe.tle,
ScrJJ>_^. rivailosus Eatz., seems to be more abundant -n c?.'si.
-.q.--c &;.-, tian uaal to peach trees, .h'; 1o.v.- 7.-tT.c+s 1"rir
the si.-r^rs of 1924 and 1925 hav probably hclpc' to mr-1o
conditions favorable for rapid increase of those insects. cupcrts
of their work bave been received from many parts of t-e Stte.

PEACH BARK BEETLE (rFiho,.otribus liminnris Harr.)

G, A, Ru-mner (September 1C): 5-he p-:-.chi b--rk b-eetle is -burd.rnt
in older trxs :in many orchIrds in northern Ohio,


Go A, Runner- (F')- r.:'-.r iO): The gr,?n :o*!0ir "-:ug has caus-d
vo'rious &-rr.-.ge to pc-*.hics in a ru..t3;r f 7 caitics in northern


P-A A; C.'CY LJ- ("r. C L,)


W. FE. Britt-Wn (-.ndas 3-): t
CrompwIll 'c:e bxo-.n from larvae fec1ir-., Usuci-y seen injuring
yo,:, trees.
p.:7 -1 11Y


TL,-.C:7Z~TY .,YLI:ID (ri,;- tri.jt,'r Fitch)


"I c-. i.-' n


R. H. Pettit (Aiaast 29'): Co W. Bcnr.cntt, of the Botany Dlepartmnan
bror-.-ht in a beautiful c-s'- of blackberry p-yllid, which I


.IE'TAL r .Cn I,.OTH" (L--.vr:!- 7d-. ro7.Cst.- Bu3cl:)


GR'T-NT -kCO.LIrr BUG (S--r-r: :V.^? Say)


C r-"-r. nc I;-'









-353-


New York


believe constitutes the first record for lT',:hi.:n- It was obt-:ir'd
north of Traverse City, here it vas working on vl.id raspberrios.
lie reports it as very abundant.

GRAPE

GR _1E .UN0 APHID (.!,.c -'_;-7._ Iinoiscnsis, lim,)

A6 Do Long (Aaugust S): Unusall1y bibui"-3,nt in sever-l vineyards
in Orange County*


GRAPE 1iZAF SIELETONTITE (Hr"r.a _2*.2. cuer-i,)


Ar i zon a


Arixona News Letter, Vol. 3, No. 8 (A't.1: t 1);. Th r,. -.r leaf
skiJetoni.'er .was found to be prez-nt in z x./7rt nurr C-Ierda.e.
"." -'al vines wsro slightly injured befo'rc dhe socs were
cl' :-.c^ u. "


GRIPE LEAFHCOPPM (Er,-thronet!rr. ccrmret S.y)


M. IT, Swenk (August 25-S:ptanber 25): Severe! reports of injury
to rr.cpes by the grap locafhopper were received &-'`'j1i',-g late August
nnl the first week in Septembcr from varic-us parts of eastern
K'e',ji': skc.


CT.: 0i MEP Y

CHAIH.S^C.T--:D C.E01,2ET7"R (CianH o3_snria 1Dirj-)


Cornn ccticut




Massachusetts







Arizona


J, L'Pogors (September 21): A.fe7 of the moths rcr- about the
t-.Iii.^ in Briu .*]Iport district, About a 50 per cent decre--se
this year.
,,..P?_T27iRHT W-43A BK'PI' (Fn 'Lllil Schif.

A I, Bourne (SOTtemrrber 22): M, Lacroix, of the Cranberry S-'"
s "-.-.io. at "*::--oh.... rcri-o bs th -t the craT.bT :.- ftep- beetle is
cr.-J &t-...r.. than evur irecJrdCd in l2y.rcubi C'.i;y.



P2J'-T- :-r..Y.L, AC HX T7US BOL7.j (0:. z ioh ~rii. ~i f5In'ta. 01Cv

^.rl~ona ILTc-S Letter, Vo~l, 3^ .'. 3 (t'2'1t 3.1); T pl1nris of
yo~ar^ p-,- ([roes wer a fc~ur tom b.. iife^)e& wit~h th3 larvae of
tho 0.a-'.?---*.i. aple-tp 'rcc.^0.ru:,;*r Ccarl", completely
girdlod. by the action cf ts lriTc crlk:.g in the cLter woo"
just c-.:th the carc of -.;: t eq
Recently. -.1 the icxal. p-1,pvs rev3ra articles h.ave e7T,'^ed
gi'.In.; infc 'r-2.icn. corcurnii-: te "-,.'r' 7hich i2 reported as
either ki:llii: cr sericuZy c..-. young -can tre through
the valley. Al -:.....ih these articles have all contained some correct
data en the work and.I hits of this insect they were cv:-'A.,-ntly
prp,':cd by p.c'rcns having a very meager knowledge of the life
history and habits of the insect,


Necraslh






-354-


1i ssissippi


Ar i zona


Florida


Florida


Alabama


!Mi C~iszippi


R=-S11-JL DEED SHOT-H1OLE BOR- (-vlobior,. bnsil:2risSn.y)

R. 7T. Harnud (S3ptember 26): The rcd-shorldercd shot-hole
borer, Xyl-obips baT iari5s,'as been received from pecan trees
at several points in the State.
V ~ ~ AU 7---1 -1. R' e-

WAiJT BLI7-Fl- i1E (Friophveg tristriatus Nalepa)

Arizona T v.',s Letter, Vol. 3, 5,,o. 3 (Amau-t 31): The .alnut
blister mite ras sent in from Safford by Listrict Inspector
M.T,:ndcnh!-l, -'ho reported that the insects were causing serious
injury to seedling vwaljuts planted in a nursery at tiet place.


:"3LOu APHID (Aphis eor.svpri Glove)


J. R. WaTtson (Au-u)t 20): T:.. melon aphid has been morc
abundant than usual during la0t surfer in citrus groves.


J. R. Watson (Aua-ust 29): The grecn a-rl aophid is still much
in evidncc in citrus groves, although prevented from becoming
destructively abundant by inroads of predators and the
cntcmrjCgenous fungi Empusa.


A CICDA (Tibicen olrunisa Walk.)


H. P. Loding through R. W, Harncd (August 13): Van Aller found
Tibicon oltvnusa 'Talk. in great n'imbers in local Satzuna
nurseries during June and early July.


TRUCK-CROP INSECTS



TG:11.0.TO

T~i'IXO V;OR:I (Frotopr- o sc-jt: Joban)


R. W17. Harned (Septcmber 26): A .a-=-e graen worm is reported
as stripping tomatoes at Jackson, 7isuissippi. This is probably
the tomato -ortn, Protoparce -cx 7a.


CCORN EAR WGCRM (Heliothis obsol.eta Fab.)


R. 'J. Harned (Sjptr.mbsr 26):,Another inzcct is rc.ortcd as boring
into y,'oung tomatoes in the vicinity of Jack,.on, Miss-issippi.
This is probably Hcliothic obs.olct2..


IP^ES~20 3PI Ah.?*oi :.)


1!iclcircippi










HALE

TUTJNIP APHID (lhopal osi 'phu pseudobrassicae Davis)


Herbert Spencer (August 28): The false cabbage louse Aphis
pseudobrassicae has put in an appearance in the plantings of
kale. In some ppots it is abundant enough to cause se-7rer dcivD
by stunting the young plants.


CABBAGE

IMPORTED CABBAGE WORM (Pieris ra1_ae_ L,)


'aryland



11inois




rtah


4 ssi ssippi


Jb A. Hyslop (September 25): Cabbage worms are very much more
troublesome than during the past two years in eastern o'ontrory
County. The larvae are seriously infesting kale and cabbage.

C, C. Compton (September 14): Cabbage *ormq are much more abundant
and troublesome than usual in the Chicago district. In Cook County
the percentage of parasitism is !ot and diseased specimens are
rare. The past month has been warm and very dry.

G. F, Knowlton and Reed Christensen (September 19): Cabbage worms
have done their usual damage this year in this State.

CABBAG LCOPER (Autographa brassicae Riley)

R. W. Harned (September 26): The cabbage looper, Autopr Dp
brassicac, is reported as causing serious damage to turnips at
Steens. Liississippi.


CABBAGE APHID (Br,.vicoryne brassicae L.)


w York




b raska


.ssissi ppi


C. Re Crosby and assistants (uxaust 1): Infestations by the cabbage
aphid in Ontario County were fou.-.d to be slight this year. (August 15):
In Wayne County two fields were found where heavy infestations by
this aphid on cabbagu existed.

M. H. Swenk (Agurt 25-S cabbage aphid -vas reported from Madison County during the first
week in September.

G. F.. iKnowlton and rced Ch'ristensn (Sjptcrber i1): There has becn
less damage from the cabbage aphid in Utah this :-r tLan usual.

HArPLEiUI BUlG (YMar.artia h. strionic'\ Hahn)

R. W. Harnamed (Septcn.bhr 2b): Harlequin cabbage bug, Mirgantia
histrionica, has been reported as injuring collards and similar
crops in different parts of the State.


Virginia






-356-


iT,-b r. -ka


.'-'j7 ,i-Zxico


M, H. Swenk: (Aupust 25_-Sebrmber 25): At Lincoln during the last
few days in August a light infestation of a patch of cauliflow.-
by the harlequin cabbage bug was found, T.is is the only report
we have had of injury by that insect during the year,

BEkU.S

RED-.TEADED FLEA BEETLE (Systcn? ]L icornis chief )

R D'uvlass (August 22): On July 28 this intLct was noted
att '-. a 6-acre field of late planting of b.a-no in the Rio
Graride Valley. Beans in poor condition and beetles concentrated
on Etunt-d plants.


MEXICA77 BAI.l BEETLE (7pilachna 0 crr-'r, 2 !ls)


Pen ncylvania


Iniiana






Kentucky


Nebraska


Virginia




Icbr 1 -


!T:1'.2 ? :To.mrd (September 11): This inscc't was reported from
.:.-,,to and Alleghany Counties.

i'...lo Howard (September 11): R-ported from Dubois, '.!rtin,
Perry, and Spencer Counties,

H, ?, Diotz (Sptember 21): Specimens collected at Knightstomn,
A roprt which is not verified by sp-cimrS was received from
a locality 3 miles north of Cambridge City,

i.ale F. Hc.-ard (September 11): Reported frcm Ch.ristian, Hancock,
Hopl-ins, and McLean Counties.

T. nl_ F. Howard (September 11): Reported frcam Rntcon, Stewart,
Hcu.ston, urmb.rcys, and Decatur Counties,

MET- 01F

vFJ.LOJ APHID (Ap0his a-L'.yvii Glov.)

M, h, Swenk (AUgust 25-Sept-nmber 25): Reports of injury by the
melon aphid were received up to the first of Srptmb-'-r.

Arl, Lttr, Vol 3 T (A ..'-unt 31) Some l..te water-
m..;n, wore ser oasly attacked by the n.'1on aphid in a field south
of hoon



EE,,1T \,.737/C0M (.I.7_qt_ stictic:l2is L.)

Herbert Spencer (Scptrmb'r 18)! In the vicinity of Nor-fclk t-here
is r'..- '/rLck of cne of the b-et wet o.:c, probably T.-:c"t'.'e
...=''.... 'The cross affected are bIets ,"i soirach. Cor-
fieldz have been -tripcri bare of these 1.:rvae.

K Ho, Sw--nk (Au'-uzt 25-Septtmbr 25): R'ports of the destruction
of Puwian thistles by the -ur'-7r-bc'-t wv.bworm in Deuel County, near








-357-
Bigsprings, were received in the second. week in Sptember. On -onc
large specimens of this weed as many cs 200 or 300 of the erb".r-,s
could be found and they were also reported s moving in armies.

Zans:.s J.< W McColloch (Septnmber 12): A very hc"'.vv infestation of the
sue.ir-beet wcbucrm- on Russian thistle was found in Hamilton ar-d
Greeley Counties. In m'rany fields the thistles -ere destroyed. The
worms were so abundantt that thQ ftrm.-.rs were afraid to sow vheat.

Utaih and G,. F, Kn.orlton (September 1): Eu.r-beet w7cbworms were doing coa.sider-
SIdaho able d."m.re' to beets around ornoish and Lemwiston, and over into
southern Id-ho.
BEET L-F.CPZP (Eutettix tenellr,. Baker)

Utah G., F. Knowlton (Septembe r. 11.): Curly-leaf of sugar beets hras caused
little darnage this year in Utoh as a. general rule, but zorc fields in
Cache Valley ani'Boxelder County have from 6 to 10 per cent of the
beets shotin, mi.t'i-ble symptoms of this disease. Thb worst
infested field. found so ftr is e-st of. River Heights. (September 19):
In the northern r l.rt of UtAi z-car be ets have suffered slightly
from curly leaf, usually fror. 1 to 5 i:, cent of the beets showing
damage. The leafhopper causing thi.s is seldom fourd in large ..rc.rs
in the fields.

BEET ROOT APHID (P-'p'.rigjs betae.Doane-)

Utath G. X, Kno-lton (September 18): Beet rood aphids are also numerous .-nl
arrr-ging the beets at Clover.

:IIT3 GPRUBS (hhvllooTh.P a spp.)

;-Pah. G. F. Knowltbn (September IS): VThite grubs are doing serious dfjnal?
to sugar beets at Clover in parts cf the fields here.



P..i... S:AL:: WVEVIL (itronotus Ictiusculu- Boh.)

Ne77 York C, R. Crosby a.r assistants: (July 25): Larvae are causing c"rrcot
grorcrs m-.ch loss in N1-.s7.au Cour.ty

OTTO'T
L.L
On OHN TrF.;PS (7-ari-os .bciL.)

NJew York C. Ro'Croby ard assistants (August 8): Thc dzmrne caused by this
pest in Orange County is large. Many fields di noet mature before the
tops withered (L.'u ust 15): In '",.yne Cu-rity this pst has bjcn
serious this se.: so... c-uzaing more dr.:!g% th,'n th: blight.










SOUTHERN F IE LD-CROP INS ECTS


COTTON

BOLL UFE1TL (A th,)ori..s ;zrLndin Boh.)


Gc- ] .i -, I,
STAT .;F'T

















:Tc-y.iCo
!exico

















Mi'eisXippi CO


Miis nissippi


B. R. Coad: In T:;xaz weecvils r.a r abundant ii. a few southeastern
conntics on and near the coast. In northern Louisiana infesta-
tions arc spotted with scv:,-re injury in many fields vThile in sou-
thorn Louisiana infestations are generally high. In Arknns.as
infestatiocns throughout the Strte are -:cnerlly light; however,
somewhat higher thnn in 1924. Iin Jississippi there is a lo-
infestation cnL.nra.lly with severe injury in :--.*.ry loc-l -ren.s.
In Tennessee spotted hi -h inf stations havo been repcrt-d in
the -. 3tern- portion only. In northern Alaba=a th.rc is a -cn-
ernlly liht infestation 7ith some injury in oc"'l areas ar d a
somcwhl t hi"cher infestation -'-i-rallly in the zouthcrn portion.
In northern Gcorgia "r/,cvils 1 rerr e almost co: .plotely control].:d
by climatic conditions ,hile in southern tnd eastern centr.jl
Georgia some injury was reported. In western South Carolina
and western North Carolina liz:ht infestati n s prevail with
generally high infestations in eastern -n-d southern South Caro-
lina and eastern North Carolina.

A. TW. Morrill (September 3): Following an eradication c''IPniga
in vol-untoer cotton fields in June no rweevils have bccn found in
Yaqui Valley cotton. Summer rains :.ore Tnorc frequent during
July a:n, Aigust than during the same period in 1924 Then weevils
were multiplying rapidly. A fcw weeocvils -7w2re found attacking
wila cotton in city parks at Hermosillo.

COTTON LT.F T O. (Alra.r.. arri lhcrr. Hbn. )

H. F. Dietz (Scptc:-cr 21): One !pccim-n of the cotton moth was
collected at Indianr.polis on Septem:ber 15 but no flights h:-ve been
observed.

A. T1 l:orrzill (eptembIer 7): MTh cotton l-..f worn appearEd for
the first tiLe in YTqai TViley, .,:'.-, c'r.nU my 4-yL.-r observa-
tions of ccttcn in'.crc in TTi--7!. dictrict. Defoliation and sovcre
losses tsc rc-'t-c-d but w~cre prevcnied by y.stinu with calci1 n ar-
senate at opportune ti.es. One h.-Irc' riles north in cirmosillo
district leaf woras ':.o present bt'c less abundant.

l. -T. Hnrncd (September 2.1): The cot-.,r '.7r1'. :moth, A.lb.a
-ill-. I--.- T-.,n. r:wis rcrp-,'tcd on 31, tenmbe:, 2 as Au..n. ':L."g
to late ..C-.* ".>cs, fi.s, s a.i tomatoes at Cdl."1 tr, to. e Cc'i iy,
T'iss. These insects had bcn app-riir in cn:idcrable mi.r.bers
for two weick previous t. t>-t date. ^.ch year '-h':n these in-
sects ore -,c.-,; nt in the cotton -iolds the adult moths are r'-
port: as causinr injury to fiS ;'r.d r:c:chos.







-.3 9-


Tcxrs HS. ,Adair (Sptomnbor 22): Iho cotton leaf '-orr 7., ruportc.
at Brc:nr.ood by county o:cr:t C. P. Griffon as doing quite bit
of damae in a fo.: sections 01of the county th frst '-rt f u.-..
The post bhs a2p' rCnty bee1n hel in chock by the ccntinued dry
athcr;. hvr, it a bcc xteni its r!an"'c ad recent ob-
sorvation shows qlite a bi-t. of feeding., in 7ioldo "rhich had f:or.nrly
been free froi-i infst','ton. : dp'oc to the crop is likely to
occur this season.

jOLL "Op:: (U,,liothis o&solot. 1-t.b. )

rizona Arizona ,Tcws Letter Yol. 3, Io. 3 (.u.-.st 31): 2he cotton boll
T'orm '7ns reported frc. covcrn"', of the cotton districts of the 0Cttoe
No serious outbro:k has bemn rpoortud thus far thiu socGsun.

A : :?2LY2 : _

Arizor.r. Arizona Ne'.s Leoter ol. 3. le. 8 (Au,;_--st 31): A species f
mea.lybug -ppo',rcd on cottonr- in th_ latter Irt of the moitn.
Three w7id~ely scp-'.rntcd c-atbroe 'roro rpcortAd in the S-.1t Liver
Valley. T'hc -.ost serious of th-so v-;`C :noo Phoenix sozeth of tho
Slt river _:here r*p'P]ro7: '. te.y 2 orcoz of cotton 7-.s prrtially
destroyed the insects. -he outbr-n'k crs' hcc'ccd by cuttin-r
and burning t.e infested plo,:ts. Tho le-',sr o'utorc's --'ere fcund
nenr '.e and lend' ..lo. It the ltter plnce h-eavy rain checked
the insects before 'ny aa.tcri<'l d2rea.e w7as done.

''A- :-c,:-S (Hieiothrips fasciatu PFr,-. )

CIlif rnia 3. A. :cC-refo (1pctcm.r 15): Th.is cons titutos the larc'st n.nd
severest c-se of be?-r thrip ina',rv to cotton '7e h;.vo ever cbscrvLd.
Not a plrt.it on the entire 350 3.crcs ",7.'s orob'-3!y entirely fro3 of
the pest. Some sports co-prisin.* nn "rc, of fro-' 2 to 10 .ofcras
had becorie so se-erely infested that the plr.mts h;-d beconie yore
or less denudcd o)f folin 'c amid only the older bclls ,7cre retninoe.
A greot deal of rn-vm-o h'. hd rs-atd. A od mny preodor cre
present, especially -rihleps, ."`iin-r oa:, n- nd rduviid';.

C,_C,0T SQ TTL *, DJJ (Ly -us elisus Vn D.)

lifcrnia 2. A. ccG-re-ior (. eptember 15,: An cati:.itue of 50 per cent danr-:.mae
to cotton is :.iCrulv n rCo-4- approx i... !tion a.nd should not bo trken
-is finni. nA lrf n-:.e 1 sor.- u -ros ad1 vrrJ yo'rni bolls 7ere
exmiincd, 50 pe2 cent of -hich had been ltunrg nd :vore dooeiod to
shed. In addition, m:-;, of the old .ry squares (on th, ground
or adhrin_, to the ct:1ks) '",:re found to have unnistakabble evidence
of havin; boeen T:Iled by Lycus. Probably this is the severest
case of Ly:?:s dnam-e ever observe:'!..




99hoC0 pLA BO








-3Cc-


Lcxico


Por to Rico


ZMexico


SUGARCAm17 3CPhT (ri-.ttraca cicchn'-alis Fab.)


"T:'ss issip~pi


R. 7. Earned (cptW:1.-ibcr 26): Te have received spr:'-'c5.ils of the
sun-rcr.-oe moth borer, Diotrnaeo s-cchralis crrr.bidoides. Tbare
was nothing to indicate that these insects are cspecially abund-
ant but they wore collected in Wilkinson :'and J.achson C.untics.


A PT.:,'.- Kq& (-iridae). _1ytocOr4_ Sp.)

A. -r. .orrill (Scpt..cbcr 7): A lar.7c z'xeen species pppe-r'?
in cotton fieli.s of Ya.qui VTlley and cr-scd considerable shcidin,
of squares. Adults -7ere very active and difficult to capture.
Young st.',.-s 'wore frequently founi. in pickir n-K cotton s pares for
cxr,.inations. Thu same species 'as ob-ur.d-rt in cotton fields
in the Hormosillo district.

A TT;ITir ('_3.... irildesceng Champ)

A. "T. Morrill (S.:nw...ter 7): A species of tin:iti- r-..percJ on
cotton in thc Yaqui Valley in onrly sunnier ;nd h:.,s been under ob-
servation. Although 10 per cent of the leaves wore icctroycd in
some small Careas of a few crs each, the insects did not nulti ly
to keep up with the -ro-;th of the plants. By the end of the first
r... in. ctember there 'as no c-i-nz in stat's. The insect hMs
shov'n possibilities of b:c,'::iWn at tir.es destructive to slov-grg7-
ing cotton.
C," r? T '""T


YELLOW SUGAPRCA1,7 APHID (,Si)ha flava Forbes)

A. H. RKsenfeld (A.ujat 29): The attacks of this louse in Pcrto
Rico are always limited to periods of Arcu'-ht and generally to
the Uba, or Chinese type of su'a' attack the true **..cchr-ur' officinrrr-. varieties on the normally
dry and irrisgtcl south coast. In the latter crso, hoDever,
they are never as r..icrous as on the Chinese c.'D.LS, which they
m.-y at times entirely kill out in periods of prol-ndCa droi.nht.
As it has just r iia, in the Arccibo district, this outbreak ,ill
probably be of sl1-Tht impor-tance.









FOREST A TD SHAD E- TREE INSECTS


GIPSY CTH (Porthetria dis .
GIPSY iiOTH (Porthetria dipa L. )


STATE 'i1;T


A. F. urgess: During the summer of 1925 the gipsy moth infes-
tation over most of the infested area was quite light and no re-
cords of defoliation caused by this insect were secured excepting
on Cap:-j, Cod where there was a very sudden increase of the insect.
It has b1cn estimated that on Cap- Cod nearly 25,000 acres were
co:.':-etely defoliated and nearly as many more acres m1r' partially
defoliated. This heavy defoliation occurred in toems here no
large areas were defoliated in the prcccdiv.F year.
Although the gipsy moth infestation w-as light over most of the
infested area, field observations indicate that it has increased
slightly, so that more e wes were deposited this -uEL'.er than in
the previous sE..Sor.
The Fcderal scouting and extermination work has been carried
on within the barrier zone and New Jersey in cooperation with
the States involved. The barrier zone embraces a strip of terri-
tory from the Thudson River, N. Y., to the eastern boundary of T:rk-
shire County, ass., and averages about the same width north to the
C-imaliFr.n 'border, and south to Long Icla.nd Sound. The entire zone
has been scouted and only small infestations have been located, all
of which have been treated.
In ';,-7 Jersey the scouting work in the fall of 1924, around the
center of the original gipsy moth colony, showed that the infesta-
tion had been greatly r-du.ei. Accordingly the scouting in this
area was re'cAd so as to release men to carry on scouting in a
strip of territory about 10 miles wide surroui1.in. the entire in-
fost-d area. This .o. rz the beginning of the closing-in process
which will result in a .-rr. ter reduction of the territory by work-
ing from the outside to-.rd the center. Only one small infesta-
tion was located within this outside area. This infestation and
all of the infestations found in the inside territory have been
thoroughly treated. Fcwer infestations were found during the
year than at any time since the discovery of the gipsy moth in
'Tc,., Jersey.
The gipsy moth situation in the barrier zone and in TeuI Jersey
is very encourrg. The gipsy ::oth infestation located last
year by the Cnradian authorities at Henrysburg, 0Quebec, has been
thoroughly treated by them and no new infestations have been lo-
cated.
ITo chne has been made in the quarantine area.


B'ROQ-TAIL IIOT (.rcjtis chty-otthoea L.)


T;'- p T,
rn .--P L**Tr
-TM-i-j.j


A. F. Burgess: The brown-tail moth situation continues to be
about the same as reported last ye-.r. In the southeastern part
of ITcw lampshire and southern U:ine there was considerable de-
foliation in neglected apple orchards but no se-:-er defoliation
in woodland areas has been recorded. Ovcr most of the infested
area the infestation is very light. No change has been made in
the quarantine area. -Zr1









ORIeTTAL MOTH (Cnidocamp]. fl :escen.3 Wal. )

A. F. Burgess: .The 3urau of Entomology has not made a survey
of the spread of this insect this season. rro. casual observa-
tion- and collections, and from reports of the State of iassa-
chusetts :Iurzery Inspector it appears that this insect -as not
unusually abundant, this season -ind that it has not dispersed to
any -reat extent, still bcing confined within the bo'-nds of
greater Boston.

SATIL MOTH (Stilpnotia salicis L.)

A. F. Burgess s: Field observations indicate that the s-.tin moth
has sprcc-d greatly during the- season. The intensity of the in-
festation in many sections .7-s very severe. Lombardy, Carolina,
n-u silver, poplars end willows Tiere entirely defoliated in many
towns from Crape Cod to the southern part of i,-minc. Te.: disper-
sion records obtained by the State officials of "aine, New H.mp-
shire, and Massr.chusetts and the United States Bureau of Entomology
shoT. that the s.. tin moth has spread as far north as '7rrcn. laine,
nr.d T.oultonborouw#, IT. H. To the west it has reached '7ilton and
I:- son, N. H., nrt-Id the towns in a line running north r-nl south
through W7orcester, in'I.ssachusetts. The eastern onc-third of
Phode Island and all of the Capec area in ,hssachusetts ara in-
fested.


A SC.ALE


Nebraska


M. H. Senk (S -Dtmber 25): One of our county agricultural
,::nt3 has sent in a binnch of that he sr.ys is a hnc'kbarry trec,
ilnd v.hich seems really to be that, considerably infested 17ith a
scale. This agent is located in Hall County and says that the
trees in one section of Grand Islanr. are badly infes.d.


A C.001' '-J LID (Cr.rrtolae.-us montrouzieri Muls. )


Porto Rico


A. H. Rosenfeld (Au-gast 21): While Mr. Tolcott was horc this
iv7eok, he called :." attention to dense clusters of these coccin-
ellid larvae on trunks and branch.-s of bucare trDc-s, 'T-vthrin,-
V'-:e., assuring me that, before introduction of C. .-.ritrou:i ri
fro:,. California by Van Dine in 1911, thcse trees '"erc tractic-
ally defoliated by Pseudococcus citri Risso. Those :n_-rlybugs
are now very scarce on the buc.res, but the Cryptol cmus does
not seem to attack ncrr-by P. calccolnriqc Mask. on sula.rcane,
for whichh purpose it r'as imported.

7HITFr'.'Ls:-'7:D TUSSOCK .CI7H (Fcm.c-roc-ir'i I'-ucisti-r-n S. & A.)

J. J. Davis (S:ptanber 24): The whito-.-.:r1:.c tuissock moth P.as
rc'ortcd defoliating small plurm trees at Uniorn 'City.


T 713E. RA_-L


Indi.- na












Kansas


Ma ssachusetts







Connecticut


SE, s-,chusrtts




Connecticut


BAG'T70,i (Thyridoptoryx eph emo iraf ormis ....)

J. W. MoCollochi (September 15): Tho bagonm has beeon reported
from Valencia and Manhattan in the a-st month. This is the
first time the ba-moru has occurred in any numbers at ",:-nhatt-n.

FALL :,' (Hphantria cunmea Drury)

A. i. Fourne (September 22): The fall webworm has apparently
been slightly more than normally -buandant. The larvae are be-
ginning to mature and leave the webs to a considerable extent.
This insect has been observed on a number of varieties of trees
and shrubs on vhich we re not accusto-ed or.innrily to .e.ct
it. Of course, almost all the varieties of fruit have been
infested.

M. P. Zappe (September 24): Eoadside trees in some cases have
been nearly defoliated in 7ew Lon-on County. They a pcar to
be more plentiful this year.



A "-D 3FTDF? (Tetrnn;c:us telarius L.

M. H. S;c: (Augwst 25-Septceber 25): Complaints of injury by
the red spider continued coming in during the period covered by
this report. they were complained of in connection with ever-
g'een trees rand a variety of shrubs cud herbaceous plants.

BIRMCH

BIB32H 7 --A S T'_:TI.jZT. (Bucculntrix canadensicella CW ..b.)

A T. 2ourne. (September 22): The birch leaf skeletoniizer *.,-s
somewhat late in making its appearance this season, but at this
date it is -ith us throughout the entire State, and in practic-
ally the some abundance as last year.

R. B. Friend (September 24): This insect was about as abundant
as usual around 1 c'7 Haven. Between Fcnnmington and Winsted it
was very abundant,much more so than usual. Most of the larvae
had pupated by September 15.

A SA'2FLT (Fcenusa yr-x.i Kiug)


:Tew York


C. R. Crosby (September 4):
affected at Mt. 'ernon.


The ends of birch branches only are


-3 63-















Indiana



Illinois



Missouri



Kansas








Ohio





Connecticut


J. J. Davis (September 2K): Eoxold.er u. have bcm reported -is
very a1-J-..- _-t the past month from r:any localitic3 in the south-rn
two-thirds of the State.

W. P. Flint (Spt.-ber 9): The usual number of inquiries con-
cerninf this insect are noa coning in. h'.- insect is pes zibly
a little more abundi.-int th-n usual this season.

L. Has: .;-n (Septembc r 22): There is a --ncral epideanic of this
insect throughout ". central portion of the State this f,.--ll.
This is the first heavy infestation since the f-.ll of 1906 or 1907.

J. J. M!cColloch (September 15):, The boxoli.- bii. has bccn at-
tracting -Dr': attention thni usual. n-ports of their pr:c-nce
in ccessive n-i.bers have b:n. received from St. Marys, -.'-lJ;in,
and Erie.



*,TJROPEAI, ELM SCALE (Go..:--,.ri ;rvri,. 1cleer)

2. 7. Mendenhall Seoptembcr 12): The elm ".r-:-louse is very bri
in Grandvicw, a zSf-urb of Colvi.bus. rl1;- sing applicatio= of
a miscible oil at the rate of 1 to 15 h.ve given c:cellent results.

A LACEFBiT (Corythu-.- -pallUida var. ulmi Osb. & Dr.k:e)

W. R. Britton (G,1,teber 4): Leaves are coated ,ith ?xcrr.:; it
and cast skins, and droppinli freely. his is an unusual attack
for Connecticut. .'7ins 7 are being attacl'-cd at CniaI a -.ij. Jest
Cornw,oll.
H iLCC.!"

A G.-.T'; :D (::Uow5.i fj5c7-Ii- -i' Juece)

R. H. Pcttit (Auhmot 23): Tc -sy '.e foa.d on th in the cge
in vh'ich we hf.i pIr.ccd. larvae from Llandn. Th:so lr.-e '--ro
defoliating hemlock enJ b:.'.l:-, treco and. -ere ur.i-.:or also on
sevcrpl kinds, of ne. I takhe this -i.lt to be T7rina f.'r;d.-i",ua
or its umusnm ft"ci'.lrl:'; otherise knoxn as :Thc.i. f.:'vij,-.-'.
This is the first one out and. f-'z far the only.onQ out. ('-tcr-
minc-e by Dr. .y-r as 7llopi. f' ...T.. -r5_- Guu:m. J. A. ,:,.slop).
(Sopt-c.b'.:r 1): Our v.h-itiid, vflich w-or's on hemlock r-nid its
allies, has producc.i a nix'. ic- o.2 adults and 'they all prove' to be
the s,-ic s.--ci,-.s s the one c;nt o. '.u.1 xt "-'


.U': -,"' PM.IrT BUS (Teotocorin t'i'-t ,tt- -,y)









Wisconsin


S. B3, -r. c-er (5eptcnber 21): Hemrlocks in Peninsul-,r State
Park, Door Coxnty, verc defoliated in July by a -,?..nor.n .'y
trees were killed over a large area. A, Ilts now flyi, 1re
TL-.rina sp. ap,-re-:tly fiqc .l ri_ n


,Locus'. s

T1OCJ.Gf L2J MIT2 (Th2;-^-': dorsA-lis r:hunb.)


Vi rtinia


New Jersey
and Ohio


NTew York


7. S. Abbot t ('.- 'st): This insect has been very abundI.nt this
season at Vienna. Fol.:j'e wras very c-,.rally ..:d severely in-
juror!.

MALU

COTTOIn' i.'-PL SCALM (PhIvinaria innunerabilis Rrthv.)

.. Middleto:2 (September 3o): have just received. t'o lots of
the cottony maple scale; one from Grantwood, N. J. and the other
from Cleveland, Ohio.

. ., u (2 tmber ): The cottony maple scale is
fo Colm'unbu and in southwestern Ohio.

J. J. Davi (Se-optember 24): The cottony maple scale continues
to be reported from many sections of the northern half of the
State as a very serious pest.

9FD-HLIPTT OAK C.Arrn--ILAR (S._-r: albifrons S. & A.)

C. R.Crosby (Se-icber 24): At lcrst 250 acrZes of raaple and
beech were defoliated in Cor t.and County.


CALIFCP?"IA OAY 7OiI (?hr;yanidea ca if ornica Pack.)


California


D. B. Ml aclce th-nou gh T. D. U-' `
i. 3. Mackie thro-a^ T. D_ Ubrihns (Septembor 16): This insect
was noted on Auust 24 on the hills in the vicinity of PR;lo Alto,
-on Q-'.-C.cus ar"ifolia.


CCLASPIS SP.


Loui siana


F. C. Craizhead (September 25): During the season of 1924 our
attention was c-.llod to severe defoliation of pincs -; C"."as-;
sp. This year it seems to be decidedly worse :- :-i, by r:r.orts
of those familiar with conditions last year. Between Bhalrusa
and Slidell particularly hea--vy defoliation occurs on longleaf,
loblolly, and slash pins. M'any trees have been 50 to 75 per
cent defoliated and if this contin-ues another year or more it









LrI- reJ-olt in thx' doath of m-ny of theam. All sizes of trees from
se::lin:s 1 feot high to r.m.ture tr es are att,-cki. he fr.'iTg
is e ltr.-iy locrl. On the planttio.-is of the Cre-t Southern
Tihmrc r Company the ';orst injury oppcared to be on the slifr tly
lii e..r -ri'o, in an association wThere scrub oak occurs. This
soil is mruch li te- r and s'.naier than in the near-by lowr around
-and it is vciy probable, that these larvae feed on the roots of
some plant in this Pszociation. The defoliated groups rn.ge
from a few trees to patches several acres in extent. The
limits are well demarcatea and. adjace.it to ticJe sevwrly bro;wn-
ed patches perfectly green tirber occurs. ?he needles are -..w-
ed bad:_ from the tip but may be bitten off near the base. In
cas:s of ycv:re defoliation all the needles are removed or at
least killed, dorna to the leaf sheaths.
Two days later, going west from Bo--.lusa on the Gulf Coast line,
si-milar injury w.as observed at various rvints aloag the right of'
way. It :as particularly noticeable between 1unice and Kinder,
.a0. At these points -ome trees are actually dead thcu., this
riy be the result of the severe drought of last summer and fall.
Ioever, some of the trees have only recently died. Losnrlcaf
and slash pines qre affected at this locality.

SAtSA~r? ^

A WEEVIL (Prionomerus calcc-,tus Say)
Kew York M. D. Leonard (July 7): Specimens received from I.inmola.




??FSUC2 BU27OPJ Tr (r-.p1o.i-c. f=r'.if:*-r,'a lem.)
Maine H. B. Peirson (June 18): Attacking fir in S.jmerset County.
Twtnty-fie per cent defoliated. The area infested is 75 acre.

SPRUCE GALL APHID (Chcrir.a abietis L.)

... ,H. B. Person (July 13): r El -nacc are 30 per cent defoliated
by the spruce gp lou.se. The trec- all over E-istins Island,
C-.-rh:-rland County, look brownn: on some it is almost impossible
to find a green terminal. The woois are in th- same ccidition
as the trees in the open. It looks very serious.



WA')TJT CAX' PIT.T..,7 (t.-na inte(rr'-ir-. G. & R.)
Indiana J.-J. Davis (September 24): The wr.Inut .iatana has b6cn r^crt-
from many sections of central Indiana as &efoliati w.lnut trees.

*:.e i2.Rippi %R, "H Irned (Septe:.-ir 2).: ,,e bave just received s..1.cicn3s of
th~~walnut caterpillar from our inspector at .:oss Point. ".o Stut3s
thot he has never before seen them so bad in that section of tHo
Sta*e.


-^6-0_





L. Hasemn-fn (Septcnmbcr 23): TheG
of this cat-rpillar this season.


~e has b: :n ~ -32'r~J21 ~3fl&~flCC


I NS C T S ATTA CK I :I G r R 7 _J H 0 U S E

AA D 0 R 11 A i, T" Y A 1 P 1 A Y T S

MISC7:T.TI.7DDTJS T"'^'-?c

OYST=R-SIrLL SCALE (Lerido.g.ohles ulmi L.)

E. 7. enl-r l1 (Iete-ber 10): I find snrYberry pl.nts in a
landscape planting at CGnal ITinchester infested rith the oyster-
shell scale.


OLE-LrD1p SCALE (As-pidiotus hzderae Va1lot)


Nebraska


M. H. S-erl< (.Au-ust 25-September 25): Several complaints of in-
jury to house ferns by the oleander scale -:cre received d'i'g
the period covered. by this report.


I. I T GS


Mississippi


R. W. Hartrned (September 26): As usual! at this time of the year
we receive nu-.erou-s complaints in regard to the mealybug orn- plants
of all kinds. Du-ring the pazt two or three days specimens have
been rec-.ivcd fro-, :r'Co..-b, Miss., on fig., from Biloxi, Iisrs., on
magnolia, and frou: Scott, Miss., on dahlia and night-bloomLing
jasmine.


COTTC'JY MTSHTC.IT SCALE (Icerya prohasi 2asc. )


Louisiana







c- aTr? ,AL
STATsk.Ii










Nebraska


H. K. Plcnik and A. W. Cressman (A_.gurt 20): Subsequent to its
first observed reappearance this ye.r or July 21, this svle has
been reported growing in abundance, principally on Pittos-porur
tobira, Rosa spp., Plu3br'o sp., and T'mrix sp. The Vz1-'ia
had almost disappeared by "y 12, at 7hich time the sc.lc Vas
practically cleaned up, but is nor grad.oa.ly increasing in M1.--
bars as the supply of the scale is increasing.

H. K. Plank and assistants (Au-ust 20): Coincideont ith the
increase of the cottony cushion scale in -Te-, Orleans, reports
were received of this scale attacking a large n-ber of plants,
many of economic impcrtance,at the follo-ing places:
Alabama at Laurendine, Theodore, and 'obile.
:iissis3ippi at Bll1i-, Gulfport, and Pass Christian.
Louisiana at 1e77 Orleans, Slidell, and Ln.ke Charles.
All these infestations were well controlled by the Vedalia E.'oce
mids'wmer.

F ?IT SCLE3 (Hi-nichio.9s'pis -o 1i istri e Sign.)

M. H. Swenk (Auiigst 25 to September 25): Several complaints of
injury to house ferns by the fern scale iere received during the
period covered by this report.


Ohio


Missouri







-368-


A sorT-I K:-~ :::. (Ch;alio7.-,t.-j.,- Dp.ns;lv-'ni3us DeS.)

7T -braska I. H. sv..-n: (.'.u-ust 25 to Sopt -.,bor 25): On .r2ptcriber 8 a cor-
plaint was roceivec that a 'rlden of -sters !t Lincoln wrs bcirnL
destroyed by larve numbers of the beetle ChGulioir-.thus '.2-insvl-
vanicus.

BL3A,: BLISTER BEETLE (-,ic-i: pcnisvivraica (DeG.)
Indiana J. J. Davis (September 24): The black blister beetle h!as be3i.-
reported as destructive to asters in scvecra. sections of thu Stte;.
CHRYS.;} .nTHI- 7.;I

BLACK C.YSAI.THT'u L APHID (17icrosiphonielela sr.-nb-:'rui Gill.)

Virginia 7. S. Abbott (Au.u,;3t 29): :.ore ;'.bund.-nt than at -ny time during
the last 10 years at Vienna.

7 ..-. Li. i

oCYCu~'icI ::ITE (Tr.oncnrus D-4I'Tlhis hinls)

Illinois C, C. C*-n.pti1 (September 12): The cyclnen 7'ite is c-asing
serious injury to cyclamen in the vicinity of hic,, -.

DAHL IA

SIUTFLO'TSE 11TT7I (Fhrdo u-js tr :- irm.-n2tr tus Ill.)

Alabama H. P. Loiin.- thrcu h R. '7. Harnel (A->j.:,st 13): Th.,b-nus
tr,..c .r.pon'Lct. tus is beginning to prove a rather scricus pest,
the larva" in d-hlia 3te.ns ::illii. ....ny plrints. I rI-r2. the
larv-e to mraturity, e.:crncc taking place the first r;ek in
-\u- ast.



A "i:T (crlcur s ursor Cl.)

Alal-a H. P. Lodin.-: throudi. B. WT. H1arnod (Au .-st 13): A 'hits fly
determninei by Dr. A. C. B'kcr a: ?tr rr ura r-T Ckll.
vas founwid infestin- .Tcenl-onze roses in -.c-bile Cur.ty. As it
apperd.) i in -re-. t numbers (sometimes as i..:-ny as 40 pu,-p c'scs
on a sinczle leaflet) it no aoubt wouldd do cor.siderblk d, ia.ee.
It see .3 to -'csponf. to sprayin- with soap and bli:.- le-f 40.
(Septc .-iber 15): Since my lst report Dr. V-n Aller has founi
heavy infest-tions of this pest on lo-:;u-,n -r:,y and outldo.r rr.scs
and today reportc.d this tiny bldck c'-e "*hitef~yon Satsunas but
vcr,'v slightly; ho'-evcr, it -ocs to short that it nsay t1kc to these
nl per'r.p other Tv.rgerens.







-369-


LE .Z-CUTTEP P1 (.:- chi-. sp. )


: Xebr. s"ka


Connecticut


L'i chigan





Arizona


Michigan


M. H. S-'cnk (Au,-st 25 to September 25): A corrcsp;:,n-'.Lnt in
Sioux County reports that the plum and rose trees arc being
badly injured by the wviork of n leaf-cutter booee, t..chile sp.

A FLT-I'--.'1T BORP. (Agrilus viridis var. fg S.tz.)

W. E. Britton (September 8): Torl: of this insect was sent in
from Darien. It is the first record for Connecticut.

7illi-rn Middleton (Septe ber 3): 7e have receivel an interest-
ing sen-i.ig of Agrilus viridis L. va-r. fagi Eatzebur: from rose,
from Ann Arbor, Mich.

FLAT-I:?Arr.D APPLE TRP]' BOBRI (Chrysobothris femorata Oliv.)

Arizona Nevws Letter Vol. 3, No. 8 (Au vst 31): Roses were
found to be attacked also by the flat-healed r apple tree borer
in a back yard planting on a city lot in phoenix.

MOSSY .OS3 GA1,Z((mhoditoz) Di-lolopis rose L.)

William MIiddleton (September 3): The mossy rose g7ll is occurr-
ing in tr jnri7'Lous numbers on Beaver Island, iUich.


I I? S 3 C T S A: T A C K I IT G M LA 1 AND

D 0 l ES TI C A N I A L S



NMOSQiJ;T0O:3 (OCulicidae)


4 ichi. n


R. H. Pettit (AugTast 28).' The city of Detroit is no-w suffer-
ing from an epidemic of mosquitoes. It sees that a few -ec:s
ago very heavy rains flooded pert of the city an. att the present
tine the ^rcat nurnbers of mosquitoes have necessitated the use
of oil on their breeding places, to a d,-%rcce that has been here-
tofore unknown.


FLUA.S (Siphonaptera)


Kansas


J. W. McColloch (September 15): Fleas have been exceptionally
bad about ',nhattan during the last month. Reports have also
come to hand fron rirton and 'Tichita,











...-._. i02 FLY (' s ro-;.i -.s. -,, 1i.s L.)

io c. C ch-)pp .(.'-ui.t 27): All hrscs are *rell infst't1 Ith
c. *s of the threat bot fly at Col'mbus. Thc e,.711 of this E.ccics
seem to bo qual ly as abundant as those of G-stro)-hluc intcstin-
alis. r'.uch annoy:-.n 3 to horse is reportci from the attack of
this fly.

OS -BSOcT FLY ('r-rih.i i sti is DeG.)

Ohio F. C. Bishop? (Aujist 27): The a'tults of this species havz in-
creased in n-nbers during ; :--usut at Coluibus r.?l practicp2ly "11
horses .ro no'- well infcstcd -ith os-. Thc flie- r-re reported
as bothcrin.7 horses consideerably in the o.rvest fields.

Illinois .. P. Flint (Seutcr-iber 19>: A-iults of this insect hava been very.
abundant luring the last s:;cunth. ln o01 c:,s n an.ult was observe.
to deposit six egsc' on the hairs of the r.n of a man -,'.rking in
the fieli.
c- *, irinrT -1',
ICATT.L2

S'2.7: FLY ( c-dcitrr,'s L.)

Ohio F. C. Bishopp (Ausut 27): Stable flies fell off sli. tly in
nizmbers during Au-1ust at Collu..bus but "-cre still very -.nnoyi.ng
to stock a-t the :.rd of the Sonth. Some hcr-ls show ra average
of 100 per aniinmal o;'.i" :t one time.

.ichiC.n R. H. Pettit (August 28): Unusual nunbcrs of stable flies .re
present in the vicinity of Grrylin%, -:",iere they malde ther.:selves
conspicuous during the m.nu'l military c-rjr held at that place.

TL. 0. G. Babcock (Soptwubor 83): Flics are bir.ninr to .ppC.r in
small numbers.

*C^: FLY (LTer-.tec-bir. i:rit -uoL. )

'hio C. Bishopp (Auiust 27): :-h3 horn fly has contiLuefl to serious
ly -nnnoy all classes of ca-.ttle throu-iout Au-ust at Coluibus, l-
thou,-h there hTrv be.n jorne reduction in ri'-,b rs durin.- the latter
hdlf of the month. Some dairy her-'s .'ho- an aver.ce of -bout
1,500 per 3ic.K on this rdate. Mcst dair.J. n arc usin,- sprays.



)hio r. C. Bishcpp (Au.- t 27): *Screi7 "-orr flies hlave incre-.sed sme
in this loc lity (Ccltr.:bus) during a-.t. At rc.ncrin,; plants







-371-


the percentage of flies orescnt on this date is about as follows:


Per cent
Phormii re -in-. 60
.CI -vry!v.r.. mac21.ria 20
MItsca c! FoFestic. ......... 18
Lucill'a. Bpp . 2


HOGS

KFLEAS (Siphonapt era)


7m.U'oore (Septemrber 29): One of our men has condclucted a survey
of the State of Missouri on the relative abunidace of the h-u.:n
flea in association -ith ho-ss raised in this State. Very heavy
and serious infestation wa.s found in the north-,estern =n! central
parts of the State, extending eastward to Mcrcer, IIacon, Boone,
andc Collaway Counties and southwnard to Cole, organ, and Case
Co-ounties. A ramore lightly infested arca extends to the eastern
boundary of the State and southward to Jefferson, Ic.ries, Hickor.r
and Barton Counties. The southern third of the State seems to
be practically uninfest'2d.


POULTRY

CHICK' MITE (Derv.-mnyssus 7allinae -5 i)


2.,issouri


L. Haseman (September 22): As the suc-m-er aIvanccd the abundance
of the mite seemed to decrease and fe7i complaints w7ere received
during the :.onth.


LtkPGE BODY FT7- LOUSE (M-nopon biseriatum Piaget)


Texas


0. G. Babcock (September 8): Poultry lice have been extremely
numerous during the last four to six '-eeks. In many cases birds
were so heavily infested as to beco..,e emaciated. These birds
revived rapidly after treatment wiith sodium fluoride. A pecu-
liar feature of this infestation '-as that seriously infested
birds did not show the usual paling of the viwattles and comb.


STICKT!GHT FLEA (Ehiinooh ) -.h M.llinacea Test,. )


Arizona


Arizona News Letter Vol. 3, No. 8 (Augiust 31): The sticLticht
flea Ta.s found to be causing considerable concern to a dog belong-
ing to one of the veterinarians of Phoenix. The insects had
attached themselves to the ears and the efforts of the 'cuT to
remove them "erc far from successful.


SATD FL^ ( Siphonaptcra)


Missouri


L. Hase.ian (September 22): This pest for the first tine has
broken out a.s sn epid.emic on a large poultry farm in southwester:.
Missouri.


Milssouri









IIT S ECTS I N -' E S TI 1:G HOU S ES


A II D P REMI I S E S

CAT '.-"TD DOG -T'-S T (Ctcnocc-hnlus crnis Boucht and C. folis Bouch')

F. C. Bishop (A ufist 27): F ort.M in mrnny loc:.lities in the
central Stltes a-s inf-sting Lhouses in towns P.nd cities nnd on
farms. The ab-nd'-nco of the insects is proba-bly no grer.ter
tB],:: norm,'l for this season.

JJULQ1 FL-` (Pulcx irrit-:s L.)

F. C. Bishopp (Aug-.ist 27): Roportc"d in m-."ny localities in the
central States, as infesting houses in to,-'ns Pnd cities Pir on
farms. The abundr.nce of the insects is prob',bly no groat-r than
normal for this season.

A STIn' BUG (Thyant- cust-tor Fab. )

.. H. S--enk (Au.,jst 25 to Sopt.b..r 25): It --s rcportod dari.ng
the first week in September that in Harlen Cournty, in the vicinity.
of OrluGns, gertt swarms of the stinak bug ThyIntr custator ;,ere
attracted to the street lamps so tha-t the -.-ks around thnc -'era
a thick -,ns3 of crushed bugs, and the bu-s also so-._mie.t into houses.


CAALBID BEETLE (yTor.ius vs us Dcj.)


Mi chi gfn


R. H. Pettit (Augast 26): I received tol-y 20 or 30 specimens of
a small carabia beetle from which rirnates rin odor similar to that
of sewer gas. It is reported to be very plentiful in soie board-
ing houses at Rmspy- av;.ry up north. (Sept:,ber 8): To quote a
correspondent from Rmnsey: '"Te are having trouble with arn cpi'cnmic
of so callc'!. 'sewer bugs' --hich are infesting our cor.,pany boarcing
house and a fen other houses in R-rmscy. We a.re at a loss to ac-
count for the source of these vermin annc woull be gl-d to find a
way to get rid of them. The ch-'.ratter of the vermin is that Then
they are killed the ndor is very off-nsive ana an.alog7ous to the
odor of scu,-'r es." Also reported from CoG bic Cour.ty.


T7 T'- T-,


Indiana



yrnsa.s


J. J. Davis (Septcmber 2-): Frequent inquiries have bee received
about whit3 ants. Reports usually refter to injury to buildings.
0ie corresp,-nr,.-:nt reports injury to rhubarb.

J. '. !McColioch (C pte-.er 19): T.;o reports of ter.ite injury
ha- b.. r. r-cci'.ocd d-ring the 1at incnth. i.uch of theo -jood'.7ork
in house at l.ianhattr.n has been destroyed. This house ;,,s ro-
built lTst ycar o7in'- to tei.nite work. A report f:-o'n Gardner
states that the '-cr:nit.s are just starting in the wooc;ocrk in a
house there.
-372-


:hi j


Ohio


iTebrras -,









Arizona


COC71I-CACI2-I-s


J. J. Davis (Septa.ber 24): Cockroaches 7-era becoiin{ so abund-
ant and annoying in the business section of one city in southern
Indiana that a request for a control d-.cnstration was --'de. The
demonstration proved very effective.

J. 7. McColloch (Zep'eribcr 15): Cockroaches have been reported
abundant in houses at Wichita and Topeka. A very heavy infesta-
tion was four in a cafe at Manhattan.

SLUGS


J. J. Davis (September 24):
troublesome in cellars.


Slugs have boeen reported recently as


Ohio


Texas


Nebraska


HOUSE ILY (iusca domstica L. )

F. C. Bishopp (August 27): The house fly, rLiich was very abundant
and troublesome during July and early August, has decreased con-
siderably in numbcr3 at this date. About the usual number of
cases of dysentry have ccc-.irr:d this s-i-mr ;Lnd many of them seem
traceable to contamination of food by house flies, especially d'r-
ing picnics.

0. G. Babcock (September 8): Tor the last two 7eeks the house fly
has been more nru.,erors than normally at Sonora for this season of
the year.

PODWmR-POST 3EETLES (3ostrichilae)

I. HII. Senk (August 25 to September 25): From Merrick County early
in September c-me a report of the destruction of a cattle barn made
mostly of cotton-wod l'r.Ibor by ro.7fr-post beetles.


-373-
Arizonam Nucs Letter Vol. 3, ITh. 8 (August 31): Tenmit-s or
"white ants" d3-Li..ged a rug in a. Phoenix residence by coi.iplotely
eating out the fiber material. They gn.ined entrance near the
fireplace and before their pr.c:snze Vas discovered had started
work onr. the rug.


Indiana




Kansas


Indiana




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 I11 111 II II094 I I
3 1262 09244 5245


























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