The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00027

Full Text
C
'S


%~ K.


THE INSECT PEST SURVEY
BULLETIN


A periodical review of entomological condition throughout the United States,
issued on the first of each month from April to November, inclusive.


-uT)


(LfL('~ fri>~&~. V


Volume 5 September 1, i925 Number 6


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY
UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
AND
THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL
AGENCIES COOPERATING








INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN


Vol. 5 September 1, 1925 No. 6



QIUTSTANDING ENTOMOLOGICAL FEATURES IN THE UNITED STATES FOR THE MONTH OF AUGUST, 1925

The localized outbreaks of grasshoppers reported in the last number of the
Survey Bulletin have developed to somewhat serious proportions in parts of the Middle
Atlantic and Fast-Central States.

The results of additional Hessian fly surveys have been reported from New York
and Illinois. The New York wheat belt is much less seriously infested than was the
case last year. In the 16 counties surveyed the straw infestation this year is about
1.5 per cent as compared with 5,9 per cent infestation last year. In central Illinois
the situation is much more serious, the infestation there being much heavier than
.ast year.

The second brood of the chinch bug promises to do little damage in the Ohio
iver Valley and East-Central States. No serious chinch bug situation has developed
In any of the important corn States.

The corn aa.iOyrmis again abundant over the northern limits of its range,
being reported as mszr serious than it has been since the last bad outbreak of 1922.

The clover seed chalcid is doing considerable damage in the alfalfa-seed-pro-
ducing sections of Arizona, as high as 50 per cent of the seed being destroyed in
some fields.

Codling moth infestation is reported as generally more prevalent than during
the last three years in the East-Central States.

Massachusetts and Ohio report unusual prevalence of the plum curculio, whereas
reports from Georgia indicate that this pest is very well under control in that State.

The potato leafhopper is producing serious hopperburn in the potato-growing
sections of Ohio, Indiana, and Wisconsin.

The Mexican bean beetle during this month has been found in two additional
counties in southwestern Pennsylvania. It is now known to be present in five coun-
ties in that State.

Boll Weevil infestations in the infested areas have increased rapidly during
the last fifteen days, owing to general field migration. The only serious injury so
far reported is from southern Alabama, east-central Georgia, and the Coastal Plain
ection-t of the Oarolinas.

Boll worm injury seems to be more prevalent than usual in the Mississippi
Talley and Texas.


- 295 -








- 295 -


The cotton vrorm i generally .t--ei-ely prevalent over the es.itire cotton belt,
east7,ard to Alabama.

In this number is an interesting report fro.i Porto F.ico of v-ary serious
infestation of sugarcane by the s-ija:cane leaf sole.

In the Cape Cod section of ,,issachusetts the el-. leaf beetle is seriously
1rc,.ning the trees and in Fresno County, California, the, pest is ccnpletely defoli-.
atinr. all untreated trees.

The locust lecsf miner see:.:s to b'e generally ab l.dar.t over the entire eastern
part of the United States.

The European earwvig colony in Fast Aurora, New Tork:, is apparently spreading.


JSC;. .DIG CTCr.LOGICAiL 7EAT3-7S a- ..-:. FCO A2'CU3, 1925

The grasshopper situation in British Columbia is serious and severe outbreaks
are anticipated in 1926. From 100 Mile House to Quesnel the roadside gr&ss.oponer,
CO=nuIa nellucida (Scudder), is extremely abundant, and from Chilcotin to Vernon,'
grasshopper outbreks are either in pro~gess or are expected to develop next s-uner,

The western wheat-stem sawfly is proving of considerable econornica importance
in the Province of Saskatchewan this year.
The -oiro1ar>n red mite occurred in outbreak fo.m in the Niagara district and
southwestern Ontario this scu-mer and cavsaed serious injury to the foliage of Daropean
pl.,..s and apples.

The mit.e: Tetranychus telarius.Linn. has become very numerous on hops at
Sardis, British Oolumbia, due to the hot dry weather.

The Hecsian fly has been found present over practically the whole of the
Fraser River Vall..-y, Tew Brunsi-ick,froma Fre.ericton to Grand F.Is. It -:as also
note! at West Devon, Prince Edrward Isl.ri. The infestations -ere li'-,t, varyin- *
from one to three per cent.

The western lined June beetle, 1olp.hvlla dec.m!ine- ta (5ly), is occurring :
in serious outbreak forn near r....:or. AInn., British Col.. i".., att-:cd:inj: veetable's
and small fruits.

An a.iitionrl outbreak of the codling -moth in British Colnbia is reported
fro'.n, O A-,ri Centre.

Ti-e fi-it-tree l6af-rbller has been of -rerr minor iportance this se-son in
'the :Ti-*.ra district, Ontario,. even in orchards usually subject to severe attack.

Cut'jr:;-.s are reported as troublesome on truck cror3 in the Fraser River Velley,
British Columbia.








- 297 -


The Colorado potato beetle has be,= relatively unimportant in northern
Saskatchewan this season.

Potato leafhoppers have been generally abundant and injurious to potatoes
in southwestern Ontario.

The oat thrips, Anrrhtthri-s obscurus M.iller, caused twenty-five per cent
loss in some fields of oats at Richmond, Prince Edward Island, in mid-August.

The larch smifly, LViceoicrr.at-uq erichsoni Hart., is causing severe injury
to larches throu&-out New Brunswick and Prince idward Island, ap=-arently all the
larches being affected.

The maple leaf cutter, Paraclenensia acerifoliella Fitch, has caused severe
injury to maples in southeastern CQuebec.



Gc T-.L FSDERS

CI.AS SHOPPES (Acridiidae)

Maryland P. 3). Sanders (Aurast 6): At Clearspring 40 acres of alfalfa and
80 acres of yov-n- apple trees were heavily infested by Mzlanonlus
f':'-rubrjim DeG. Apple trees were bein- completely defoliated
and spots in the alfalfa field had been eaten dov-n to main stems.

Gcorgia Oliver I. Snap? (July 14): In several fields at Fort Valley grass-
hoppers have considerably damaged field corn. They are mcre abund-
ant this year than usual.

Ohio T. H. Parks (Auguast 19): Wet weather has held the grasshoppers in
the meadows ane. stubble fields so that very little damage has been
done to corn. Young clover and pastures have been darimaea. The
grasshoppers are now very abundant in alfalfa in many counties.
farmers have used the poisoned-bran mash with fine success. Corn,
clover, bluegrass, and truck crops have been protected with it.
The insects are most numerous in the southeastern part of the State.

H. A. Gossard (August 24): Grasshoppers in injurious numbers have
been recently reported from Howard, Xenia, Salesville, Leisburg,
Kent, and .Akron. A field of alfalfa at Salesville was reported
as almost ruined and fear was expressed for the safety of all crops
on the farm. A peach orchard at Howard and a young apple orchard
at Xenia were also threatened with destruction by grasshoppers.

Indiana C. R. Cleveland (Augast 21): Re'orts from various parts of the
State continue to indicate that here and there grasshoppers are
troublesome. The county agent at T`okomo last week reported a'
serious irnfestation of grasshoppers on clover and in an adjoining
field of corn and requested a demonstration of control.








- 299 -


Tcnnessee



&Tpbras!5ka


0kl1aho..%



Ari zona













I'e" ?.[exido


Nfew York


A. C. Lor.rn (August 20): Some com)2?.int of grasshopper injury
at Cl-rk-Gville has beer received obu.t not enough to require remedial
r~easi-.-es.

*. $wer/k (July 25 to A.uust 25): During the last week in July
a report from Cass County was to the effect that differential grass-
hop.crs (,clanolius differentialis) -'ere gnawing the stems of grapes
and causing the bunches to drop to the -round to such an extent that
the crop was being destroyed.

J. 7. cColloch (A-'.-t 168): Few reports of grasshopper injury
have been received. At Rolla and Elkhart some damage has occurred
to alfalfa. A farmer at Unionto-'n. says the frasshoppers are ruin-
ing a you.- apple orchard by eating the foliage and bark. Four
hundred l-yzar-old trees have been injured.

F. E. Scholl (August 20): During the spring and early su-ier of
this year wrWe had one of the largest ,rasdhopper fights that was
ever carried on by the State.

Arizona News Letter (Tol. 3, :To. 6, June 30): During the month
of June a very successful eradication cam:paign against grasshoppers
was conducted by representatives of the office of the State Entomolo-
gist. -he hoppers b-e,'=n to be troublesome in'the alfalfa fields
near Gilbert during Ilay "but the p-:ak of the outbreak: carie in early
June and ar-ocarLd to be ziors conc.ntrat-Ad in the Goodyear ar.nd Chiand-
ler districts. At the for..,er place the adult hoppers appeared by
the millions in the larze alfalfa fields and in several instances
moved into the neighboring cotton fields. A ntuber of fields of
alfalfa were so badly infested that practically all of the foliage
was eaten off leaving only the bare straws.

L'UB--. Gr-.3CSH:P.K L. (gr':.=h-,-to'].-. rTaT Gir.)

J. R. Dou'_ls (Au-ust 22): The lubber ahopersrchstoa
n-a.na Gir., reere not.d in great numbers croszin- the .i:.g and
Lardsburg hiL -1--y for about t:o miles. The areas beir.g traversed
by the grasshoppers were razinrg lands.


C R. 3 A L A 1: D F 0 RAG C R 0 P I S E CTS



H3:'3FI*T F.LJY (Phytor '.a-. destruactor Say)

C. E. Crosby: 'nce preliminary results of the Hessian fly survey
for 1925 in the' counties listed below are as follows:







. 299 -


Cou-nty, Per cent
Cayuga ... .... 2.5
Ohenimung 6.0
Erie .. 0.3
Genesee 1.6
Livingston .. 000
Monroe ....... 1.6
Niagara ....... 1.0
Onondaga .... 0.6


Illinois













Kansas














North Dakota


Cc-nmty Per cent
Oazario 2.2
Orleans .. 1,0
C.w.e o 0.0
Schuyler 1.3
Tompkins 1.0
Wayne 1.1
Ti;-)ming 2.1
Yates . 2.5


The same counties as surveyed last year were again surveyed this
season. last year this region showed a 5..9 per cent infestation
of straw, whereas this year the average infestation was only 1.5
per cent.

W. P. Flint (August 18): The annual wheat insect survey has been
conducted in Illinois during the first two weeks of August. Ex:-.nin-
ations were made in 37 of the principal wheat-growing counties in
the State. This survey shcw-o:T a heavy infestation by the Hessian
fly in wheat stubble in the central counties of the State, with a
moderate to light infestation in the north, ard a light to very
light infestation in the e:trerre south. Parasitism varied from
12 to over 50 per cent. Very little volunteer wheat was found
in any part of the State. All fly found were in the pulparia.
In central Illinois the increase in infestation is quite marked
over that of last year with but little change in the northern and
southern parts of the State. Apparently emergence will take place
at about the normal time if the present rains continue.

-, W. McColloch (August 18): The results of a recent Hessian fly
survey bas.i or, reports made by 604 farmers show that at least 30
per cent of the total wheat acreage of the State was infested.
The eastern third of the State showed infestation running from 3
to over 60 per cent. The heaviest infestation was in the central
and west-central counties v-here the infestation ran from 60 to as
high as 97 per cent. In the eastern quarter of the State damage
ran from 1,000 to 100,000 bushels to the county, whereas in the
heavily infested region in Kansas infestation ran from 500,000 to
over 1,000,000 bushels to the county. Reports from 21 counties
give a grand total of 6, 538,000 bushels loss i'ae to this infesta-
tion.

STI?;I WFAT SA^WFI, (Ce-hu" cinctus Norton)

R. L. Webster (August 20): reportss of severe damage in Pierce
and Divide Counties to spring wheat ha7ebeen received.


JOPiTVOR7A (Rarmolita tritici Fitch)


Illinois


W. P. Flint (Augtast 18): The wheat insect survey has sho-n the
jointworm confined very largely to the same areas of the State
where it was present in 1924. The infestation has increased
slightly in the northwest central and souithein counties.-, ,0
10fi















ITebraska


300-

some of the southern counties as high as 50 per cent of all wheat
culms were infested. In the northwest central counties 5 to 18
per cent. Parasitism was lower than last. year.

WrST2N I7HZT ST1.1 MAG3OT (?7mvyia cereal is Gill.)

M. H. S.'vern< (July 25 to August 25): Some belated reports indicate
more eXtensive dara2e during June by the. western wheat.-stem maggot
than.was indi.-ated in my report of June 25.


A WHITE C-GRUB3 (hyllolhaa lanceolata Say)


Kansas


J. W. McColloch (August 19): The grubs of this beetle are very
abundant inia 30-acre field which is being prepared, for reheat.
They destroyed the wheat on this ground last year.


3LU.1BLE FLOWER BEETLE (Fxrhor.a inda L.)


Kansas


Virginia


J. W. McColloch (August 7): The adults are rather common in sweet
corn about Manhattan. In some truck gardens they are causing in-
jury by burrowing into the tips of the ears.
LESSER CORN STATXJ B)RFR (ElassTrop-alpus lig-el 1is Zesl.)

A. M. Vance and G. W. Underhill ('Aug-ust 10): In our plate of field
corn planted June 12, 28 per cent of the plants were infested by
this insect, and as a result of the ty;.4cal killing of the buds,
such infested plants will produce no corn. Infestation in several
near-by fields of late corn ran some7inat lighter, averaging sliJghtly
over 6 per cent. Moths of the second brood have been in the field
for several weeks.


CHINCH BUJG (B1 ss. s _leugcorterus Say)


Ohio


Illinois






Nebraska


T. H. Parks (August 19): With the best prospects for a corn crop
this State has had in years in northwestern counties, the chinch
buag is scattered through the corn and making very little impression
upon it. No damage will come from the second brood.

W. P. Flint (Auaust 18): The weather of late July and the first
part of August has continued favorable to chinch-bug development,
whereas practically no da-mage will occur from the second-brood
bugs this year. Apparently sufficient numbers of bugs will go
into winter quarters in many sections of the State to cause some
injury next season.

M. H. Swenrk (July 25 to Augc.st 25): Although the migration of the
chinch bugs (Blissus leucoptetus) from the small grains into the
corn crops was largely over by July 10, and most of the bugs had
gained their wings a few days later, there were some reports of









- 301 -


* New Hampshire



Illinois




Wisconsin



Tennessee


Texas


California


continued injury in corn and cane fields during the remainder'of
July. Some rather important injury of this sort was reported
from Phelps and Harlan Counties, west of the main area of daraSo
as given in my report of July 25, during the last week in July.
The second generation of this pest is doing damage in the corn-
fields of southeastern Lancaster County at the time of the for-
warding of this report. Many bugs of the second generation
have become matured at this time.

CORN EAR WOPI! (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)

P. R. Lowry (_ugurt 10): Half a dozen larvae sent in from a
small patch of sweet corn. This is the first record of this
species in the State since 1922.

W. P. Flint (August 18): There has been very little increase in
injury by the corn ear worm during the past month, a light infesta-
tion occurring in sweet corn fields, but no very serious damage to
date.

E. L. Chambers (August 20): Several complaints have been received
from growers to the effect that this pest has made its appe-r-rnce
in southern Wisconsin, but little damage has ben done as yet.

A. C. Morgan (August 2C): The corn ear worm was quite injurious
in the buds of the you=Ig corn in late July at Clarksville.

F. L. Thomas (August 19): Two or S worms to every head of milo,
great numbers in the corn. Also reported from Lubbock, Fall,
Wichita, Cass, Panola, Tyler, and Brazoria Counties.

T. D. Urbahns and assistants (August 19): In Mendocino County
the corn ear worm is attacking corn and doing severe damage.


COlT3 ROOT WOPi. (Diabrotica longicornis Say)


Nebraska


M. H. Swank (July 25 to August 25): During the last week in July
we received several reports of serious injury to corn by the ve;tern
corn-root worm (Diabrotica lon icornis) from Dundy County, in the
extreme southwestern p-rt of Nebraska. Many fields were reported
as affected, the damage in some cases being estimated as fully 20
per cent of the field destroyed. One seventy acre field was at-
tacked both by the western corn-root worm and the seed-corn beetle
(Agonoderus alliess, the latter also attacking the root system
of the corn, and in combination these two pests t-hreatc:end to des-
troy the field. Injury by the western corn.-root woxm was also
reported from Kearney County. This pest as a rule is not serious-
ly injurious so far to the westward in Nebraska.








- 302 -


AWMY17ORM (Cir-phis mnipuncta Faw.)


Illinois


W. P. Flint (August 18): A small outbreak of armnyworms occurred
in the south-central part of the State, being confined largely to
Coles and Douglas Coamtics. Practically all injury occurred in
cornfields, and was not of a'very severe nature; the lower leaves
were eaten from the corn, but little if any reduction will be made
in the yield.


COPJT LEAF APHID (Aphis maidis Fitch)


Nebrazska




Kansas








Aansas








California


M. H. Swenk (July 25 to August 25): During the first half of
August there were reports of a destructive abundance of the corn
leaf aphid (Aphis maidis), working on the corn tassels and other
parts of the corn plants, in Seward, Saline, and Nuckolls Counties.

J. W. :cColloch (July 30): Cornfields in Reno County are reported
to be rather generally infested by this aphid. In some cases the
tassel is not emerging from the foot owing to the abundance of
this pest.

ALPA LFA

YTLLCW'-STR.PED AiT70PR1 (Prodpenia ornithogalli GCaen.)

J. W. McCoiloch (August 18): A rather serious outbreak of the
cotton cutworm developed in this county (Riley) about August 5.
In some fields alfalfa was held back several weeks. Where the
alfalfa was in bloom the worms did considerable damage by cutting
off the bloom. Tachinid parasites were very active and from 75
to 90 per cent of the worms bore eggs. At present (August 18)
the worms have nearly all disappeared.

WESTER!T Y3LLOW-S'F.IP= A.-ff70PIOr (Prodenia praefica Grote)
A. 0. Larson (July 31): This insect was serious in Merced and
Stanislaus Counties in 1923. it is becoming serious in Merced
County this year, attacking alfalfa, beans, watermelon, grape-
vines, and yor-nr peach trees.


AT.PALPA CATERPILTAR (DurvmuE eurytheme Boisd. )


California


A. 0. Larson (July 30): While driving north through the San
Joaquin Valley on July 30 I not3d that many of the -adiators of
southbound automobiles were rel! covered with alfalfa butterflies.
This wac interesting bcca'use the butterflies did not appear to be
remarkably numerous and were not on all the machines. A few were
flying about in no definite direction. .fpprrently as many were
going in one direction as in any other. This condition was noted
for about 75 miles but soon after I passed Tulare I came to a very
heavy infestation of the butterflies. They were literally swarm-
ing over the alfalfa onr. both sides of the highway. Here was where
the automobiles were catching the butterflies, Yorth of Kingsburg
they were again less numerous but they were quite noticeable the
next 115 miles or as far north as Modesto.








- 3O3 -


CLOVER SEZID CHALCID (Bruchophai funebris How. )

Arizona i'c-s Letter (Volume 3, No. 7): A noticeable increase
of the alfalfa seed chalcid fly has been .reported from the Yuma
district. Reports also have reached the office that this insect
has been very destructive to the alfalfa seed in the Chandler
district of the Salt River Valley. As much as 50 per cent of
the seed has been destroyed in some fields.

BLISTER BEETLES (Meloidae)


J. W. McColloch (August 18):
some during the past month.
some damage to alfalfa.


California


Blister beetles have not been bother-
Reports from Alton and Falun indicate


VAFLIECATD CUTJ7OD (Lycophotia margaritosa saucia Hbn.)

T. D. Urbahns and assistants: The variegated cutworm is attack-
ing gardens and alfalfa in Modoc County, being severe in places.
Dna.age first noticeable about June 15.


VrLVB-T BD1E4

FALL APR-IWOPIM (aiph;a frurinerda S. & A.)


South Carolina


Philip Lagiubill ard T. 0. Shiver (August 21)- The fall army-
worm is attacking velvet beans at Columbia in a field containing
100 acres,


A'R9!M7 (Cirleis uninuncta Eaw.)


South Carolina



California


Cal ifornia


Philip Luginbill and T. C. Shiver (Auguast 21), A field of 100
acres in Congaree River bottoms about 7 miles from the city is
attacked by this insect. Slight damage is being done.

T. D. Urbahns and assistants (August 15): Adjoining fields of
alfalfa were cut and migration of the worms to the h?.:3s took
place destroying as much as 10 acres of beans in one night at
Escalon, San Joaquin County. Growers are using furrow method
and poioned-bran mash for control.

APHI IDAE

T. D. Urbahns and assistants (August 15): Several fields in
Escalon-Yanteca districts heavily infested. Growers :c using
various contact insecticides with varying degrep3 of contre-1.
Sample of insect sent to Geo. Wilson for identification.


Arizona


Kansas









- 304 -


GREEN CLCVE '0PF! (PtLthroen.'a scabra Vab. )

South Carolina Philip Luginhill and T. C. Shiver (August 21): A field at
Columbia containing 100 acres was attacked by this.insect.
This same field was also infested with true ani fall armyiorr.s.
Considerable damage is being done.

CC'TTP.S

AN APHID (Ahis medicaainis Koch)

Indiana C. R. Cleveland (August 21): i"eports, including specimens of
the coapea or locust aphid (Aphis r.edica: inis), have been received
from several points in the State that this -aphid has been abundant
and injurious on cowpeas during the past month.

MBUS^ITE

IrISQUJITE B .N IOTH (sp. undetermined)

Texas 0. G. Babcock (July 28): largest bean crop in at least five to
6 years in vicinity of Sonora, Ozona, Fadorado,and Pocks Springs,
Texas. To date (July 28) there seen" to be two crops of the
mesquite beans as well as two broods of the mesquite bean pod.
moth. Parasites very numerous, hEnce holding in check the
ravages of the moth larvae. Loss probably less than o6f 1
per cent.


FRUIT INSECTS
APPLE

APPLE FRUIT CHAFER (Mctq'chrcrna interruntum Say)

Indiana B. A. Porter (August 8): This insect caused considerable damage
to the fruit of a few apple trees in an orchard near Decker during
the early part of July.

APPLE FL7A WEEVIL (Orchpstps pollicorn.s Say)

Indiana B. A, Porter (August 8): Most of the weevils entered hibernation
between July 10 and 15.

APPLE APHID (Arhi sli DeG.)

Ohio H. A. Ocsslrd (August 24): The green apple aphid became r'quite
generally noticeable o-cr the northeastern section of the Etate
during June, July, ond early August. Hundreds of trees in many
orchards wore blackened by the funtpus growth in the honcydleo7.
They wcre particularly r.notei at Pavenna, Thardon, Painc:ville,
Cleveland, and Berea. They were most numerous about the first
of July and at the present tiie harelargely subsided.








- 305 -


Ohio


Indiana







Illinois


New Hampshire


Hassachusetts










Indiana


WOOLLY A4PPLE APHID (Eriosona ) an gerun Laiusm. )

E. W. Mendenhall (August 20): I find that a great deal of apple
stock in the nurseries south and i with the woolly aphid, especially the aerial form.

CODLING MOTH (Carrocapsa pomonrl'.a L.)

T. H. Parks (Auguist 19): The plum curculio, tog,-eth-r with the
codling moth, is solving the market problem of apples grown in
the uncared-for fanm orchard. Fr2ctically no unsprayed fruit
is free from attack and the insect is causing losses in some
well-sprayEd orchards.

B. A. Porter (August 8): Although the codling moth got a late
start in this section (Vincennes) with reference to the blooming"
period of the apple, conditions since the beginning cf the entrance
of the worms into the fruit have been verj favorable to them, and
the irfestation in most orchards is unusually severe. According
to banding records, there has been. no definite breach between the
first and second broods.

W. P. Flint (August 18): As indicated earlier in the s9%Ler, the
codling moth is more abundant this season than during the last
three years. Some poorly sprayed orchards show a fairly hi,:h
infestation, mainly by late worms from ., which have hatched
during the last two weeks.

APPLE AND THORN SIELTOIIZEF. (Thkerorhla rn.- Clcrc:)

P. R. Lorry (July 29): Injuring tip of branches of nearly every
tree in an orchard at Hollis.

A. I. Bourne (August 22): The first moths of the second genera-
tion of the apple and thorn skeletonizer were making their appear-
ance about the 30th of July. We are finding that the pest is
just about as abundant as was the case last year at the corres-
ponding period of seasonal develo--.ent. The ease r7ith rich
this has been controlled has led our leading fruit ro-'ers to
rank it among the more or less- secondary pests which they have
to consider.

RED-BA:TED LEAF RTOLLF- (Sila velutinana Walk.)

B. A. Porter (August 8): This pest continues to be present in
most orchards in smrill n'mbcrs. T.c outbreak at Vinconnes re-
ported earlier'stolped with the first brood, the second being
present in only very small numbers.









- 306-


FAIL E (.0. y (Hyphantria cunea Drury)


,Massachusetts


Indiana


Ohio


Indiana


rassachusetts


A. I. Bourne (August 22): The fall webworm is slightly more
abundant than has been the case for several years.

C. R. Cleveland (August 21): The webs of this insect are a
very corn'ron sight on appla trees and shade trees throughout
those portions of central and northern Indiana which have been
visited by the writer. Portions of trees and branches show
considerable defoliation.

YELLO'71-iTEC:-D CATE IILLAR (Datana ministry Drury)

E. W. Mendenhall (August 5): I find that Dptana ministry is
quite troublesome in a number of orchards in the central and
southern portions of the State.

SAXT JOSE SCAIE (Aspidiotus perniciosus Const.)

B. A. Porter (Augast 8): Second-brood crawlers began appearing
about July 12 at Vincennes. The unseasonably hot weather in
early June, when the first brood of crawlers was appearing, ap-
parently caused the pest to multiply much faster than is usual
with the first brood. Serious infestations are dev3'loping in
a few orchards in this section.


EUEOPEA1T ND MITE (Paratetranychus pilosus C. & F. )


A. I. Bourne (August 22): The European red mite, for some reason
or other, quite generally over the State, has jumped aead in its
abundance d-.ring late July and early Aug'.st. As a result, the
characteristic bronzing of the foliage is berinrin. to --e its
appearance in very many of our orchards. In general the pest
is not serious in orchards here the oils were tho:-i,*l.ylly _-plied.
It has been the custom of some fruit growers to so--p Pc-.e of the
blocks in secsons where there is little expectation that there
will be any fruit. It has been noted that the mites i-avo gotten
their start chiefly on those trees which were not given attention
at the proper season.


PEACH


PECH T7WIG BORER (Anarsia lineatella Zell.)


T.:.ssachus et ts


A. I. Bourne (Auguist 22.: W. D. '\hitcomb, who is locatdc-i at the
field station at 77althim, reports the peach twig borer on I'ach
in Walthhm and vicinity, vhich is in Middlesex County. He re-
ports that 5 per c-nt of the twigs in some cases are darxaed.









- 307 -


California


Georgia





Indiana






Georgia




CORRECTION


Virginia


T. D. Urbahns (Augiust 19): Field observations for the rast t o
weeks show considerable loss to c -..ing p.ch. in, southern,
central and northern peach dirtrirct. Sc'.m.' rrs show
fruit 100 -er cent infestedl vfhere s1ryi. v_ .].elec2ed ar.
the crop vils light. LLa.e peaches a- i if. iie.-t!l thin early
variety t-.

C.F ?::T-.L FRUIT LiOT- (Laspeyresia mol rsta P-B' cl:)

Oliver I, Snapp and assistants (July 14): Fourth-generation.
pupae are now being noted in the insectary. There has be'. r.o
irn.c.'.3 in the infestation at Fort Valley. (I.iast 15): Sone
irni'.vid-ir.ls of the fifth c-neration of the Criental rea-ch moth
have 'b"e'-- reared in the inr.sctary at Fort Vai ley.

B. A. Porter (Av-iv.'zt 8): No Orientel fruit worms have yet been
found in southern Indiana this se.'n. Occasici:';l instances of
typical injtrjy have been fc..n:1, but this rnmy, of course, have
been c'.u"'rd by the peach twig-borer or some other spec-.es.

SAN JOSE SCALE (Aspi.j.otus perniciosis Comst.)

Oliver I. Snapp (August 15): This insect has apparently increased
very rapidly o-0 peach trees since ti;' close of ti.e pCa?.-shipping
season. weather conditions have beca favorable for scale repro-
duct ion.

In Voli.-ue 5. No. 5, page 247, note on recln J-june Beetle, ,._.s
nit`da L., cr-lit:.. to H. F. Diets, Irst...ad of 14i._ "o i'8
of l.rtdc '. i, grades," should read "folia.-e of reach and grapess"

SI"T-HIOL2 BOPER (Scolyta. rugu3.osus Patz. )

W. S. Houh J'^"-.t 22)" he beetles are bre.eding and .reading
at a rapJd r.at at TNew Ma-:"'.t in one large pp).9 crcar1i. At
Wincb.st-.. .. _, and p'ech are being attached to thr E:.-t
that the -, --,-. is fro" 'e-= w2'-.l-'hu trees to h: }.t-y ;..,:.,
Neglect in lookingg after w..2:c7ned trees has resulted in tie
present orotbrceak.


FLU'- CTJCTJULIO (Conot.- -.-.ehus nen--?,har Ebst.)


Massachusetts


A. I. Bourne (Aegu.st 22): The crcuio ses to be v.
r, p~_clirculio, sesms to be v
abundar.t in rnct sections of -?1iddlesex and Worcezter Cout'.,
the chief f ... "-gro: ng r on of the State. In the abe},..
of any serto-a :.rf"ta n cf aphiz or .fh-.s, the p'
curc-lc is by ca.n, more ssricus lf. than any of o-J
other fruit insects.










- 30S -


Georgia


Ohio


California


'-ansas


Oliver I. Snapp (July 14): Over 8,500 cars of Georgia peaches
have moved to date unusually free of plum, curculio larvae. The
insect is apf'rently under most excellent control. There are
no small larvae in the Sibertas that are now moving, and other
observations point to an absence of a second generation in Georgia
this year. The absence of a second crood is attributed to the
very unfavorable leather conditions during the pupation season,
which caused first-generation adults to be late in emergir.g from
the soil. (Au-.i.St 15): The very dry and hot weather has been
most unfavorle for the development of adults in the soil. IThe
general curc-alio infestation in the Georgia Peach Belt is lower
than it has been for seven years.

T. H. Parks (Auguast 19): This insect, together with the codling
moth, is solving the market problem of apples grov',n on the uncared-
for farm orchard. Practically no unsprayed fruit is free from
attack and the insect is causing losses in some well spraycd
orchards.

PL1__1

RED SPIDEI (Tetranychus sp:'-.)

Weekly 'News Letter, State of California, "/ol. 7, 1o. 17 -, ust
23: An infestation fully as severe as that of 1924 ha3 aca-in
occurred during the season of 1925. The red spider has b.3?n
particularly active in many orchards of the Sacrae.nrcto Valley,
causing defoliation of trees and a corres.,oonding reduction of
quality of fruit and loss of crop. Despite the efforts of
fruit growers who have experimented with different spray
materials this pest has continued to spread. It is hoped
that through a discussion of latest methods by members of the
staff of the Department of Agriculture, the Univrr.;inty, and
spray organizations, methods may be devised which will help
to bring it under control.


GF.111 JUNKE BS77TLE (Cotinis n-t1,Ja L.)


J. W. McColloch (July 31): This beetle was receivf-.d from Bethel
with the information that it was doing some injury to pl.-ns in
an orchard there.


R2-I CAEPILAR (Schizura cnSPcEnnY S. &A.
WR-HLThlPr CATBRPITLAP. (Schizurn ccricinrv^ S. & A. )


Indiana


C. R. Clevei-.nd (fA-i-:ut 21): '
berries rc.ivcd froin Bedford.


Report of species frcd.ng on rasp-
Specimcns wer3 inclu->:d.









GrA-PE

RED SPIDER (Tetranychus telarius L.)


California


T. D. Urbahns and assistants (August 17): Serious injury to
Alecanto Bouche grapevines, Delano, and Wasco. Also serious
on ornni.entals owing to lack of control practice.


SIX-SPOTTED GRAPE BEETLE (Pelidnota wunctata L.)


T-ndi iana


H. F. Dietz (July 25): In the vicinity of Indianapolis a six-
spotted grape beetle has been doing considerable damage to grapes.
One man brought in specimens and said that he had collected hun-
dreds of them from his vines.


G-BAPE LEAF SKELETONIZER (Harrisina o-.oricana Guer.)


A rizona


Arizona News Letter, State Comm. of Agric. and Hort., Vol. 3,
No. 7 (July 31): The grape leaf skeletonizer was reported from
the Verde Valley, and a slit.t outbreak was also observed in a
vineyard near Phoenix.


GP.PE LEAHO0PPER (Erythroneura comes Say)


Ari z ona


Arizona News Letter, State Comm. of Agric. and Hort., Vol. 3,
No. 7 (July 31): The grapevine leafhopper has been abundant
in practically all the vineyards near Phoenix during the past
month.


PRTJnS

KED SPIDER (Tetranychus spp.)


California


T. D. Urbahns and assistants (August 15): At Fresno prunes es-
pecially are seriously affected peaches and figs and Zinfandel
grapevines.


CP3N0ERRY

CR* IJBERRY FRUIT WOPJ (Mineola vaccinii Riley)


A. I. Bourne (August 22): Mr. Lacroix, who is at the cranberry
substation at East Wareham, reports that' the cranberry fruit worm
is notably less in its intensity ot infestation than usual through-
out the cranboerry-growing section of the Cape.


PECAN3

FALL 'F.B'.7OI; (i.hgntria canea Drury)


Georgia


Oliver I. Snap (July 14): This insect, which is normally very
co:imon on pecan, persimmon, etc., at this season of the year in
central Georgia, is scarce this year. The very hot dry srxmer
may have been responsible for its absence, although parasites
were perhaps a factor.


-- 3D09 --


Ifssrachusetts








- 10 -


A FAT-HMrDED BOPER (Baprestidae)


Arizona News Letter, State Cormm. of Agric. and Hort., Vol. 3,
No. 7 (July 31): The flat-headed borer was fovne to have killed
a n-umber of young pecan trees in to plintings northeast of Phoenix.
The trees were girdled near the base by the action of the borers.


AUIAONDS

A RS SPIDER (Tetranychus teLIarius L.)


Ctl ifornia


T. D. Urbahns (Auguast 18): This species together with Bryobia
praetiosa has caused early defoliation of almond trees. The crop
is naturally reduced considerably.


PEACH TITIG BCRER. (Anarsia lineatella Zell.)


C'.I ifori'ia


T. D. TUrbhns and assistants (August 15): Careful inspection of
the mature nut will usually show the point of entrance into the
remr-rl of the nut, but commercially it will be impracticable to
cx'=rno every nut. This will result in a lowered price for the
farmer for hie product.


CITeUS


CITRUS APHID (A-phis spiraecoli Patch)


Louisiana


H. K. Plank (-Auoust 11): IhmTrous tender tips on to Illow-
leafed mandarin orange trees were found today curled by this aphid
in the Jules !orcl rov-. Mny curled tips wore also seen in
other groves in the vicinity of Burns, here none were apparent
on July 24. fr. Iorel states that he has noticed curled leraves
in his grove for a yetr or more. Damage, however, has never
been very great. So far ic knorm thisis the first recorded
occurrence of the "citrus aphid" in Louisiana.


IVY SCALE (As-pidiotus hederae Vail. )


;.ri zona


Arizona News Letter, State Comm. of Agric. and Hort., Vol. 3,
ITo. 5 (June 30): The olenndcr scale tas discovered upon a
grv-pcffuit: treec in ono of the plantings northwest of Phoenix.
Only ono tree in the entire grove was found infestc. and steps
wero imncdir'tely taken for its suppression. As the tree was
far distant from any oleander plants it seems likely that the
scale was introduced. uoon the grapefruit tree by visiting birds.


TTI,'rITES


TCxps


P. L. Thomas (Au@ist 20): At Alamo tennites were attacking
citrus, one tree being killed. They worked on the roots.


Arizona






TRUCK-CROP INSE CTS


Idaho


Illinois


MIS' FI.LAIT.OUS FEEDERS

WIPET7OR:0M.. (2a-ateridae)

ML Ca Lane (August 5): Wireworms were fund to be on the
increase over most of the irrigation protects in southern
Idaho, eliminating the growing of such crops as corn, potatoes,
onions, and melons. The farmers were very anxious that something
be done on the control of the pest.

A RED SPIDER (Tetranvchus telarilas L.)

W. P. Flint (August 18): Mites, mainly Tetranychus telarius,
have caused serious damage to gardens ard small fruit plantab.'ons
throughout the central part of the State, beans having been a
failure in many gardens because of the abundance of these
creatures.


BLISTER ZEETIT-S (Meloidae)


Massac.usetts


Indiana


Few Mexico


A. I. Bourne (August 22): For the last week or ten days the
black bliser beetles have been making their appearance and
doing considerable havoc, particularly on flowers.

Ha A. C(ssard (August 24): Black blister beetles, I suppose
F-nictaj; Zeomisylyanica DeG., were reported as injurious to
potatoes at Dalt-an and have bLen observed at Wooster.

Co R. Cleveland (August 21): There has been an apparent increase
in the r nmr of blister beetles, particularly the black
blister beetle, on potatoes and other garden crops during the
last two weeks. Several r.enor-ts from .correspondents have been
received and personal observations have disclosed a nurmb-r of
instances of rather severe danage.


SED CORIH MAGGOT (Hylevi cilicrura Rond.)


R5, Douglass (August 22): Sp3cimens of the seed corn maggdt
hae ben received from Tucumcari, 0,uay County, with the
complaint that it was causing considerable damage to beans,


MCLET CRICP2TS


J. M. Robinson (July 31): Mole crickets, probably the Porto
Rican, continue to attract attention in various southern
counties of the State.


POTATO AH2D TOMATO


COLORADO POTATO B1STLE (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say)

H, At Gossard (August 24): There has a severe outbreak of the
Colorado potato beetle at Craighton, requiring 6tranu6-us use


- 311 -


Ala1a ma






- 312 -


of poisons to control the beetles. This appears to have been
somewhat local, and so far as detected d3r::A.e by the potato
bcee%-'ohas not been unusually excessi-.'e over most of Ohio
1trr itory.

POTATO APHID (11linoia solanifolii Ashn.)

Ohio H. A*, Gssard (August 24): The green and pin' pott aphid becanmec
v'rr/ r'x ercus on three df our experimental plo ". cf potatoes at
Wooster bort were eventually cleaned up by t i diff-r.^n species
of ladybird beetles which were observed work'r.i on t'n it was
nctc. as doing considerable damage to tomatoes about Toledo
August 1.

GREEN EACH APHID (Mym nersicae Sulz.)

Indiana Co R. Cleveland (August 21): Potatoes at various points in northern
ard centr-;- Indiana ordinarily show infestation by this species each
.c', ,th-,ugh it has not been as aburndant as 4-I th-.is far during
th3 present season, sonsme colonies are beginning, to sp3cr in ccn-
spicuous :rn'bers at the present time. No direct inry is yet
arp:7-r ut in view of the known ability of this species to carry
potato eiease, there will undoubtedly be a sufficiEmt infestation
to have scmne influence on disease transmission.

LSA3FHOPPER (Emnoasca fabae Harr.)

Ohio Hi. Parks (August 19): Tbe'potato leafhopp_-r continues to be a
serious pnst of potatoes. Hopperburn is now prevalent on ursprayed
potatoes,

H. A, Gcssard (August 24): There is a sDmewhat general infestation
of the potato or apple luafhopper arn at Craighton these fi:N:j'shed
up rhat -ho-. beetles left, causing great shrinkage to the crop.
There has been considerable shrinkage from leafhopper damage over
rc3t of northern Ohio.

Inianr C ., Cleoveland (August 21): Dnoasca fabae Harr, has cont-nued to
increase on potatoes at Lafayette. Early potatcis h.ve shown very
Severe injury and in many cases the vines are already dfa&i ?-7In=
at Isjact "-rtly to attack by this species. Hoppn;rs arc :-.w w-lundsa
nn ?>to potatoea and the injury is beginning to oppc:.r on these
xl?..'.t- s cor.5picuoual .

Wisconsin E. L. Ch:mbors (August 20): There has been cuito a serious loss
to rct- tcs from hopperburn during the past two weeirs, i:n in-.
fetattion is mach worse tlan the past tvro 'e.'. All bio;l rs cf
app le in the nursorieF an. d-i iJ. in the m.jtcrlty of .o"'dens
show =irkc a injury frcm hoiji-rx7urn.

STALZ I)CP-F (P.1-i5c17 ntl-riF niteln Guen.)

Ohio H. A. Goss-ird (.'.uust 214): 7Tho ccmwnon sta]k borer has been
nl'2..rc',u' y r -or6. ovor most cf northern Ohi o jui ir%. the month of
June, July, and Aa.-.it, It '--as particularly noted as damaging














Nebraska


potatoes in the neighborhood of Castalia, in Erie County, and
was reported from 29 other localities since Jmne 23, infesting
corn, potatoes, tomatoes, rhubarb, dahlias, horseweed, flowers,
etc.

M. H. Swenk (July 25 to August 25): A few complaints of injury
by the stalk borer (Paaipema n debris nitela) continued until the
end of July.


TOBACCO WORM (Protomrce quinquemaculata Haw.)


Oregon


Sadie Eo Keen (July 29): Four teen full-grown hawk-moth larvae
were brought in from a half:.acre potato patch near Forest Grove,
Usually only one or two are brought .in in a season,


POTATO FLEA BEETLE (Epitrix cucumeris Harr.)


ITebraska


Mississippi


MI H. Swenk (July 25 to August 25): Injury to potato, tomato and
cucumber plants by the pot-to flea beetle has been reported from
northern ard western Nebraska during the past ten days.

AUSTiALIAN TOMATO VEEVIL (Listroderes obliquuq Gyll.)

M. M.- High (August 21): The weevil is now about. Crystal Springs.


CABBAGE

IPRTED CABBAGE WORM (Pieris ranae L.)


W7i sconsin


E. L. Chambers (Akugust 20): Complaints are still coming in from
cabbage growers to the effect that the loss from the worm is
quite serious this year.


C.PBAC- APHID (Brcvicoryne basicae L.)


Illinois




W isconsin





Alabama


W. P. Flint (August 1S): The outbreak of the cabbage aphid in
northern Illinois has been checked so:tew'..t by weather conditions and.
the insect enemies of this pest. A large amount of d-'rna.ge has been
done to cabbage in the trucking sections adjacent to Chicag6.

E. L, Sncabers (August 20): There has been quite a serious loss
to cabbage growers in Racine County from the c-.bbage aphid. Several
fields show 50 per cent loss.

HARLEQIN BUG (!Curganti histrionics Hahn)

J. M. Robinson (July 31): The harlequin cabbage bug has been
sufficiently numerous in parts of the State to cause considerable
concern.
ST R A'J RY


STRAVMEIRRY ROOT APHID (Aphis forbesi Weed)


"Wisconsin


E. L. Chambers (August 20): The nursery inspectors have been finding
a bed of strawberries in practically every section of the State,


- 313S-








- 314 -


Wisconsin-'


with a light infestation of root lice, but it is very light
and less than 5 per cent of the nurseries have been reported as
hw inoi it.

WHITE GRUBS (h-- Ilorbhg-a spp )

E, L. Chambers (A'Agut 20): There has been quite a heavy loss to
strawberry growers fnom the white grubs during the past season,
the loss being heavier than last year and very general.


ASTPARAGU.

ASPAR.3TUS BEETIL (Crioceris aspo-rd i 1.)


Wis consin


E. L, Chiambers (August 20): iSeveral large. plantings were
practically ruined in Jefferson County because of negIect to spray
for the asparagus beetle,


3 L (

MEXICAN BEA1T EBTI3 (7pii c.chna cor-inota Mucls.)


Pennsylvania






West Virgibia





Ohio



Indiana





Alabama


ITc" Mexico and
Arizona


JN iN. ull (August 25): During the present month the Mexican
bean beetle has been found in two additional counties, Alleghany
and ra7vette, tb'-the territory already known to be infested in this
Siate. The infested territory now covers the south'-ctr2icst five
counties in the State extending from Beaver, on the north, to
"ayjtt_ on the southeast.

Wo 2. Rumsey (August 1): During the current year 13 counties not
known to have been infested last year are now within the infested
territory. The entire western three-fourths of the State is in-
fested, Trhe easternmost counties are Prbston, Tucker, Lewis,
Clay, Nidholas, and Greenbrier,.

H. A. Gossard (August 24): The Hexican bean beetle was observed
at Rccky River in early Au-ust and we infer that it is now
distributed over practically the entire St.te.

-hale P. Howard (August 26): The Me:dcn beaLn c :etle is reported
from Franklin and Jacksonr Counties.

Ie-le F. Howard (August 26): The 1'exicn bean beetle is reported
from McITairy County.

J. M. Robinson (July 31): The Meylic.n bean beetle has been active
in the northern and eastern Tarts of the State.

J, Ro Douglass (August 22): The infestation of the I':xican bean
beetle over the southwestern part of INew Mexico ar.1 outheastern
part of Arizona is lighter this season than for several ,,ears.
Early plantings of home ga-den bean's are infected, but no injury
is noted to late field plantings. The adults of the first generation
are appearing over the above area.







- 315 -


Mexico


Indiana


Nebraska



Kansas






Alabama


Indiana


Nebraska


RS=-10ADED FLEA BEETLE (Sytena frontal is Fab. )

J. R. Douglass (August 22): On July 29, this insect was noted
attacking a six acre field of late planting of 1ans in the
Rio Gr.nde Rivor Valley, Beans in poor coalitions and beetles
concentrated on stunted plants.

MELONS

MELON APHID (A-his possynoii Glov.)

T. H. Parks (Auagust 19): Some growers in northwestern Ohio lost
their plants from a very severe infestation of these aphids
during July and early August.

CG. R Cleveland (August 21): Reports of injury to cucumbers
and melons have been coming in for the last week or two from
all parts of the State.

Me H. Swenk (July 25 to August 25): During the entire period
covered by this report the melon aphid has been fully normally
injurious, in contrast to its records in July.

J. W, McColloch (August 13): The melon aphid was somewhat late
in making its appearance this year, the first report coming
from Whitewater on July 24. The outbreak developed rapidly,
however, and the aphids have caused heavy losses to the growers
of watermelons, cantaloupes, and cucumbers.

MELON r1OR1. (Diaania hyalInata L.)

J. M. Robinson (July 31): Cantaloupe worms have been rather
a&ctive over the southern and central parts of the State.

tQUASH

SQUASH BRER (ILeittia satyvriniformi s Hbn.)

C. R. Cleveland (August 21): Injury by this borer to squashes
has been the subject of more than the usual number of reports
thi s sumner.

M. H. Swenk (July 25 to August 25): The squash-vine borer
was very frequently reported as injurious to squashes and
cuctumbers during August.


SQUASH BUG (As tristis DeG.)


Nebraska


M. H. Swenk (July 25 to August 25): The squash bug Anasa
triatis DeG.has continued to be at least normally troublesome.










CNYT OS

C ZIZ i7 7IIKIP __S (~ iFtn.jI,


Tr Mexico and
Ar I zona


J., P Douna-:(Au-ust222): The onion thrips was noted
in:-iijuriour', -nmbsr-s on Valencia onions in San Sin-:onn
Valley, IT. I

PHLXI CRID ^E-:L ('gtm --nl: a-.II Selr. )


Midch igan


EK. Pottit (Uuztut 24): Mr. John Freeman of Lowell,
Mi tcho, re-,orted by lItter that Trl'irid beetles wvroru- orlkIrng
on the rccts of his onio-c. He stated that he s o--; ro e-v'Ir-nce
of rottio hit that ita'e c'.on roots seemed to ce cut off
squre that thr.. appeared tc be hocl thy, so far as anything
else sou, He had a ptch about a rod across -':: .re i.he
roots 7-,c cvf; off and he says scrre of these o.'nrz still
lie on the g-ouni, and are -.-rd aul coundo


B-r T1


TJpt-


UtJL.i
U ..^-.


BEST L'-...-."zr ?--... .. (Y::t.-:ti:" trnni~lu B.ak "er)
*of
0-F
Geo, I :no lton ('.-.'t 8) 7 "C "-. leaf/zu -ur be ts is
appe iv- lz iay 4.'n (,o'-.' nct'<. In some fielrIs in C-The
.-r, Bi.;-ei.? CcSi..ti&s there is rather severe e ---, "cu.t
n so .i as last :- -'x, -nd it ap-jared lar7cly aftar the
beeta hI"-. a good -'tart.

nJGC--,-BEFT illMA'73EC (4etcrodlera Rs' nht,-, Sch.)

Gec. 177. 1.-n*-,-ton Ts'"--u T-h sugar-beet rom.4ato c,2 i-
d':-:oj it, ".al dirrag to beets in northern Utah and There
badjl; invested t'-_e beets are ,.c ij scrabby.

",;:'r!TE (S (lth r '- spp.)

C-eo. FP,, no-l.on (A*.gu-t S): Whitc -: -bs are .-r.'ing sugar
beets in cormo fields south of Toean and in .Cornishn.



.C.. .. ; : O F:" -- "" --- -)

J. Hi. Robintorn (July 51): The turnip -,-cbworr.i T: alr.ad7
,-.p ,Lrei in considerable nafc.'s at Sual,.

C.\hF.^1

?/iR3L?-Y CA.:--: .7,W'7.VL CU-,tronotrq ^^ B6h.)

17. P. Flint (August 18): "'r. Chandler ro--ts that te
:j.re infested by this ins.,ct is m.ach ler_ !r than a t first
p-ios:.;, uc'rios da&nmgo to C.rrots hav-.:'-- occurred over
zevral of the counties east of St. ouiso


Illinois


*"1 -1 *
- l^lj; -






























Nebraska


Kansas


New York


J. W. McColloch (August 8): Sone carrots received from Wyandotte
County which h n-ere boinT injured by a Rhyiohophora grub. These
mere submitted to Mr. OGraf, -.ho reported that in all probability
they were the larvae of the parsley weevil.
HO"cE.R AI ST:


HKRSE-RADISH FLEA BEETLE (Ph.yllctreta -rroraciae Koch)

Ieialc F. Fo--ard (August 7): Evcry peticle of horse-radish was
mined by rnu-ercus larvae at Olean., in Chattaraug-as County. (Augast 8):
quite numerous at Sherman, Chautauqua Couityo

Neale F. Howard (Aigust l4): A very heavy infestation of'larvae
was observed at Columbus. Pupae and larvae reaiy to -pupate were
present in the soil about the roots of the plants.

PEAMUTS

A HPRIONUS GRUB (probably Prionus fissicornis Hald.)

M. H. Swenk (July 25 to August 25): From Cherry County comes the
report of the destruction of part of a field of Early Northern
peanuts by Prionus grubs, probably those of P. fissicornis.


3 RSAL
ST ATME.-S1

















Texas


SOUTHERN FIELD-CROP INSECTS

COTTON

BOLL WEEVIL (Anthonomus grand s Boh.)


Cooperative report on status of boll weevil and other cotton insects
as of Aui.-st 15V Delta Laboratory, Tallulah, La,
WVeevil infestations in the infested areas have increased rapidly
during the last 15 days as a result of general field migration.
The contained dry weather in many localities has effected complete
weevil control. In Texas injury has been reported in only a few
counties on or near the coast in the southeast. In Arkansas ':spotted"
infestations with injury occurred in only the southern portion. In
northern Louisiana "spotted" infestations occurred with severe
injury in many fields and in the southern portion a high infestation
prevailed generally. In Mississippi injury has occurred locally and
largely in the Mississippi Delta section. Tennessee is practically
free of injury. In northern Alabama, northern Gelrgia, western
fisnth Carolina, and western North Carolina weevil injury has be=1
limited to local areas. Considerable injury has been reported in
southern Alabazrma, southern and eastern central Georgia, the coastal
plain section of Souths earolina, and southeastern and eastern North
Carolina,

Dr. F. L. Thomas (August 14): Reports of injury from boll weevils
come from Fort Bend and Braporia Counties.

A. C.. Johnson: On August 3 in four fields near Port Lavaca an average
infestation of 42. 5 pr cent was found and on August 12 in the same
fields an average infestation of 51.8 per cent.










Arkansas




Loui si ana


Mi ssi ss ippi


Alabarrma


D. Is~ly (AOiust 15): ,oll wvevil infestations aro still local.
In .. fields in the southe n half of the State surkous injury
has occurred, but the greater part of cotton in 'Ark-aneas is still
free from infestation.

w7. R. Sudduth: On August 8 in one field near timber in the
Shrevcn-t z-ction an infestation of 54 per cent wras found and in
one field n:me dA.zt.nce from timber an infestation of 2.7 per
cenro In different fields from the above on Auguast 15 an in-
festation of 43 oEr cent was found near timber and 21 pnr cent
in a field some distuince from timber.
W. 2. Hinds (August 17): No.emergence from hibernation caves has
occurred from A*gust 1 to 15 _nd we have closed these tests and are
now moving our cages. The latest emergence was, I belivo, on
JuTne 12.
Sodium f: oE'licate has given serious burning on cotton -hen
applied with dew on the foliage and appears to have beo-n con-
sid4erably less efficient than calcium arsenate so far as boll weevil
conlrc'l is concerned.
Boll weevil migration has been under way since about July 15 in
corntr-:1 Louisiana and there hasbeen no effective natural control
at any time during the season and weevils have become exceedingly
ahndant. In spite of this fact, the weevils have- been sufficiently
well controlled on regular calcium arsenate dusted plats tc allow
f. -_iting to continue steadily to date (August 15): Practically
no fruit has been set on unpoiconcd fields in the vicinity of
Baton Rouge since about July 20. The setting of bolls has not
been satisfactory in this section throughout the season and re-
gardless of weevil infestation, spacing, or other conditions. The
trouble seems to be due to a combination of moist-re and fertility
conditions which have been more favorable to vegetative growth
than to the setting of bolls.
Probably the latest poisoning of cotton for seevil control in
the State this season* is being done in the extreme southern pert
of the State. In that '-ec-ion two airplane dusting units have
recently begun work in the vicinity of Houma and south of Abbeville.

B. R. Coad (August 15): Goner'Ally, the infestation h.:s increased
during the last 15 days owing to grnral field migration. In-
fistrtions rangc from light to ccmplote. Severe injury h;z occurred
in many fields in lladison Parish.

R. W. HH.rned (Aurust S): during the week which ended -Anuast '
inspections wore made in 15 counties on 1- farr.:s, WUL-vil inf-stations
wvcre found on 35 farms. Infestations rani:gng fio r C to 50 -'r
cent were found. The average infestation cn t-^ 35 f w'as 14was
per cent whereas on all farms tle avera3o 13.6 por cent, The
increase in infestation during the last week was 80 rS r cent. Tho
heaviest infest actions were found in the Vis~isciopi DeClta section.
The next highest infeqtations were found in the nprth2itr-r! actionn
of the State zind the lowest infestations in the southern portiong.

J. M. Robinson (July 31): The subject Of methods for the control
of the boll weevil has 'becn one of the outstanding bits of


-31g-







-519-


Georgia


South
Carolina


NoI th
Carolina


correspondence far the mor-th The Tor: of the. boll weevil has been
ftEfficent tc c&.,;jse a great increase in the active control rca.,
'(-*i'st l)-: Weev.'.Ls :re coTmrncn over the southen and central
pCrtions of the3 Etato 'Dnage probably 3 to 5 per cent higher this
yea-' th.an last.

R. P. Bleasoe (Aei-ist 17): The average infestation in all experimental
chc:k ,). .. fcz the -.ast raeel: :'.z 21'. per cento Infestations ranged
frc.m 7,7 -,o 47 per cznt. The dry weather still continues 4n the
Picc.ro-nt section of G*':orgia. Squares are getting scarce, which
makes the tal:ing of infestation rco-:ds rather difficult.

V. V. Williaiir (Auglist 17): Weevil infestation is complete in most
fields in the Valdosta section.

R. W. Moreland: From July 27 to August 2,12,600 squares -ere
exar-iaed in the e-perimental check plats 6 5540 punctures, or an
average infestation of 53.9 p^r cent were found. Infestation ranged
from 13,5 to S3oS per cent.

Dr* F. A. Fentoa: Field-to-field movE.ment of the weevil continued
th"car-hout the'past two wee-s, resulting in the heavy infestation
of fields heretcfore only slightly infested. Thi' movem,-nt w;'s
accelerated omer Ii-.rc areas owing to drought conditions which
cauoled:ra heavy :Thedeing of squares and ycung bcr.lls. This latter
cc.-f-Ition resulted in a shortage of cotton forms in which the weevil
cculd breed. The result is that the scond-brood weevils are finding
ve1y unfa.-:c 'e'.le cc.r .itions for breeirni with the e-c.ption of a
few field, of late cotton or in the richer soils where the plants are
still fruiting, .

J O. Pp-ct-..r: C. B. Ni1e.!s (August 17): In the coastal-plain
region zboils are being ra. 2ttr&d h.n:-2ily in undusted fields but
less in dtus-eL fields. W.&vil i:--.jury ia very light in the Piedmont
section, the larger part of cotter., being sufficiently mature to
eacapd weevil injury..
Frrn1krin Shnnan (A.gust 1.7): nP the P,;dmort section continued
heat '- ro t are to,-... ing the w..'vil but some dusting is being
dcno. In eastern aiM souchca terna ector-s the drought is less.
protvunced ard- infestations have co.tinuedi to incr ease until now
entire plantinrgs are ofcen fo.:nd "to noei dusting and individ-ial
fio. 1"C often found in whizh 75 t0 O per cent of tho scU.-es are
-%,':luared., M'cre dusting is being- dcn in this section than in
previous years.


COTTO AP'"AID (Anhis _ooroii C-lov.)

Georgia Jeff Chaff in (August 5): Within the last three weeks we have
received a very large number of complaints from cotton growErs all
Over the State concerning the serious damage that is being done by
the cotton lice. They are more numerous and doing a great deal rIre
damage than in any year in the past. This can be account ed for to a







-?0-

large extent by reason of tle fact that the State of Georgia is
dusting over 50 per cent of her cotton acrengo with calcium ars.nato
in tth control of the boll v- evil, Calcium rscnate kills the lacy
beetle, lcAving the way open for the lice to multiply very rapidly.

V. V. 7illiams (August 17)" Lice -,re noticeable on many plants in
most fields but it is too late for damage,

AX1bama J, M, Robinson (July 31): Plant lice tn cotton have been the cause
of inquiries from various parts of t1-he State.

Louisiana Dr. J. We Folsom (August 15): :o serious lice infestation. Lice are
comparatively few in numbers and most of thes,-- are small individuals.

We Eo Hinds (August If): The cotton plant louse infe action have been
abundant, regardless of poisoning, but aplmrently average considerably
heavier on areas whore several applications of cn.lcium a-rsenate have
been made,

Arizoii. The Ari-onav Tews Lettor, Vol. 3, No- 6, Phoenix, (June 30): A
report was received from Gila Bend that the cotton aphis was becoming
numerous. A request was included for leaves bearing the parasitized
lice which would be distributed in the cotton fields, thus liberating
the parasites as they hatched. Because of the lack of such material
in the Salt River Valley it was impossible to send any relief.

COT__O: FLEA (allu seriatus Rcut.)

CT: 7. D. M, Hcaichc.'n (Aujust 14): From July 6 to 11 six localities in
CT v;:'IZLIT Guorgia, and from July 12 to 23 seven localities in South S:rolina,
were visited to investigate the distribution and amount of hopper
injury. The only pronounced injury found was at Jufferson, Gu.,
and in Anderson County, S. C, Slight injury was noted in Fulton,
DBKalb, and 3orrow Counties, Ga., and in Pickens, G-recnvillL,
Florence, 1airficld, and Kershaw Counties, S. C. The injury appeared
absolutely identical with that dound in Texas.

Mississippi Clay Lyle (July 30): The cotton flea, ,-hich caused serious loss
in Texas, Georgia, and South Carolina last yczr, was recently found
in M1ississippi for the first time, when D. W. Grimes, Ascistant
Entonologist of the St-te Plant Bo'rd, collected specimens of thlis
in.:cct on two farms in Washington County. One farm was south of
Greenville znd the other north of Leland so th.t they wore about 15i
miles ap.rt. Only one specimen was found on c.ch fnarm. sE they are very
hard to collect but Ro W. Harnod oxprcsser the opinion that this
insect may be widely distributed in the State alre..dye
The so-called "fleas" are so small and active Zhat thoy arj not
easily seen. The typical injury cause-d by thosu pests is much uore
notijeelc than the insects themselvuG. In the two Washington
County fields the injury was exactly similar to that reported from
Tex-s, South Carolina, and Georgia last yoer. Usually the affected
plants cro0-i very tall and put on practically no limbs or frvit. This
habit of growth is vcr7" chracteristic, though plants are occa'-ionally
stuntcd or dw-jrfcd by this pst.
4















Texas


South
Ciroiina

Louisiana


FIor th
Carolina


R, "7o Hirned (July 30): Srmcl gre-n insects takEn on cotton at A.
& Col% se on J-Lf.y 3') y A-" L I Hamncr &-d J. :,.o Langston, This
m-y pos1ib,:' b the cotton flea, vhich vill make the second ccI :-':,
in.o stccd 1 :'-: rcd'- have thcm from i'Qs-ington County, (Determirne.
,' '.; L "'cAt.-e. as this species. J. A, HA )

rro .2. c-',s (August 14) Injury from the cotton hopper has
ccc':rred in Hender:on arjn P;,Kris Counties, but in general has been
reported only frdmtno northeastern section of the State,

C. B, IT..'2s (August 17): Horpcrs began to migrate from cctt.n to
croton plarit s d.TI-r ig the carly part ofAuguist in the Piedrczn,. section.

rr J, 'U. Folsom (..-ust 17): The hopper is co-..non in certain fields
i which t-h.,cre are 'lrge- nrbeos of small blasted squares, and shore
rr:n,, ho.prs .ave' bc.n seen in the act of pvnctu.ing the small scu'res,

RED $SIDEP (T..trsnv.chu; telarius L.)

fr.nl-l.Pn Shermnm (A.txgust 17" : -night to mcdoratoe infest-tions of the
red 'p-do-r --th a few s..'er" case. rrorted. Might to mode-ate
infestations of lice fcaind in' or r.crted frcm various sections;
suere infestations in a few cases.


TARIT CiHED PLAR 3UG (L-i-ic. grat ensis Lo )

Arizora Arizona News' letter, Vol. 3 Io, 7 (Juy 31): The tarnished plant bu-,
h-.s been re-.\-i3iible fcr the shedding, of young squares of cotton
in several' fields near Chondlar.

THRIPS (Thysanopt era)

Arizona A-rizona News Letter,Vcl. 3 NTo. 7 (July 31): The cotton thrips were
o7'served to oe vary onerous infields bar Litchfield and Cic'. "
I:.--y plants were showing injury from these insects.

3CLL C-.. (Febliothis obsoleta Fab)


Texas


,re F2 L. Thomas (August I) ): The boll woirm is abundant and causing
inj-ry in Vilchita, F_.ll, a-.Ola, nd Tyler Counties,


Ariwna Arizona NEws Letter, Vol. 3, ITo 7, (Jly 31): The corn ear ncrm
P.-perre. in varirc,,s parts of the State during July, C.tton hai bren
.i:..c'.-. at Glenclale, Ch'nal cr2 and Goodyear. In several cutt-nr
fies near Tucson the i'nsect has ullo Xen observs.i- A r'-. .-oor
near Phoenix brought to the office one of these ins.cts which had
Iburrowed into the rose buds.


Cklahoma


D. Isely (August 15): Complaints of boll worm injury have been received,!
from southern Oklahoma.

E. E. Scoll (August 20): Wo are now. entering a c _.' on c':t +r.
boll worms in the southeastern past ca the State,, here at locz 20
counties are now infested.








~322-


Arko inas-s



Lo i i i rza


Gcorgia


0 :i :-.s omi-



OA I- C._.


D. Isely (.uruast 15): There is an unusual n-ount of coiplh.int
of boll vorm injury this season, particularly frnm souti-7.wstrn


T, S.:-:( (A4gust 4): Boll vorm d magc has bor. found in one field
near L'ake G'"rles

Dr, J, 7 ols=a: Considerable boll 7orrm injury ih- this section
(Tal Ulah).

W. E. Hinds (August 17): Cotton boll worms have bc.n the occasion
of corMp1 int by an urnum2l n-inber af growecrs and tre apparently
exceptionally numerous throughout the State, Calc'.um -rs'-cnate
as applied for boll weevil control appears to h?.vc; c'--rsc. a
considcra'bie decrease in the nmzberr of worms buL ha-s not
constituted a satisfactory control for the 7ormn,.

J. 'i1 Robinson (Auguet 14): Bol. ,Tonns .ic'., been r,.r-orted as
d:-r.:--.z 3,000 acres of cotton in Co-vington Count:'.

V, V. Williams (Aura:st 17)v A few boll worms have becrn found but
no injury as yet.

CC'T-103i LEAF WCRI. (AIqT-)ra -rillacgr Yon.)

S, D, Smith (August 13): Leaf worms appc'.rei throuz-hout the -I
Paso Vulloy on Auoutt 8 in considerable numbers. They are also
reported from Artesia in southeLastern VTow Mexico. Ab.-ut the fi'-rst
of .ust leaf worms app:-.-red in the Big Scnd in Texas -r.d about
the b'm-6 time several reports wore recei-;ved fe ri:'-: the
occurrence in the Leguna of Mexico.

Dr. F. L. Thomas (August 14): The Leaf worm- is bocor in.- generally
distribute ed throu.-'hout the @rc:ter part of the St'-te, exte-!i iS
to Terry County in the west. Forty-four ccattercJ ccu-ntie' h--.-,e
reported infest-tions to date, l.uch d<-i-ge is li?.e to cccur
on IhO late cotton in the northern part of the State.

A. C0. Jo-hnson (Auagut 12): There is a corn sidLrabL Ie "...ont of
leaf wrcm damzae at Port Lavac:a., Poison is being, a- iod,

E. E. Scholl (August 20): We are now entering a cap.i.. g-Air.st
the cotton leaf worm in the south2-stern pert of t- .U-t, -here
at least 20 counties are nor infestoi
~~-r- r n-etlyc~c- the
Do Iscly (Au-it 15): Leaf worrm3 hTe retly c. ovc: thep
entire State during the first tro T.cc.'s of A.,-ast. ..:c Lo:- ns
}1,0c been collected from as far ncr th as Cr:.--h-.d Ar! 1--ton
Counti es.

V. S, Martin: From August 4 to 7 mony fields r-;rc scoutded for
loaf w:ormr in DeSoto, Cddo, -r-d a '2:i;r P.ris'-., on.. field of
about 3 -cre-c being found 7itlh a i -t in-fest.tior 7-07 A a-'
7 to 10 no worms werc found. On A uu;ut 11, of the 12 or 15 fields































Alabama


Mississippi


-323-

inspected., were izfestc? all of which, had been poisoned. In only
one of the five fields were sufficient worms present to do damage.
These fields are located near Benton in Bossier Parish,

T. Slack (Ai.oust 4): Severe damage was caused in a number of fields
at Lake Charles. Serious damage was also reported at Grand Cheniere
in Cameron Parish,

R, J6 Smith (August 8): Only four comparatively heavy infestations
of what might' be. second-brood worms have been found, These in-
festations were in Rapides, Grant, and Natchitoches Parishes.

Dr, J. V. 'olsom UAugust 18): Leaf worm damage has been very local
with no serious general outbreak,

W, Z. Hinds (August 17): Cotton leaf worms hava been reported quite
commonJly 'but .usuaally wi th only a light infestation. Poisoning 1as
been done in some localities on areas up to 50 acres, but the
infestation has not become general. Applications of calcium arsenate
by airplano in the vicinity of Bunkie gave completely satisfactory
results within a few hours after an application of Paris green h1d
been washed off by rain and failed to stop the cotton leaf 7orms.

J. M. Robinson (August 14): Leaf '.vcrms have been found as follows:
Pupae in Lowndes County, adults in 1iarshall County, larvae in
Oullman County, and larvae in Morgan County, Not very numerous at
any df the points

Clay Lyle (July-30): That cotton worms are already appearing in
this State, seems highly ,probable, according to the following tele-
gram just received by the State Plant Board from Bo R. Coad4 in
charge of the Boll Weevil Laboratory at Tallulah, La.:
"Leaf w7orm invasion has appeared throughout northern Louisiana
within past few days, and 'is' now thoroughly distributed over this
country, undoubtedly over a large portion of Mississippi as well.
Poisoning already started in many' places in northern Louisimn.."
Not a7 single specimens of the cotton woem has yet been sent in
'for identification from Mississippi, and the Plant Board Inspectors
who'examine- hundreds of cotton fields each week hve also found
no signs of cotton worm injury to this date. With this appcar-.nco
in northern Louisiana, hovevor, it will probably be only a few
days until it is reported in Misisissipi,. This post app:c!-red in
Mississippi in July, i923, and stripped cotton fields over a large
section of the State that summer and frll, causing consiicr.-blo
loss. In 1924 the first report of this wor--m in Mississippi reached
the Plant Board office on August 28 and on account of this late
appeoanrance practically no damage resulted last year.

R9 W. Earned (August 5): The first specimens of the cotton worm
were received at this office on August 1 from Adams Countr, Speci-
mens .and authentic reports havo now been received in rcgarc. to the
occurrence of 'these insects in Adams, Hinds, Lincoln, and Wra:hirton
Counties. (August 17): The cotton worm has been reported from
practically all sedctibns of the Stnte during-.the last few -;cc. s







-324-


Tennecsee


Ala barn,




Tenne s see


2. F. iccGheo (August 15): Leaf worms have been found on seven
farms in :L.arshall Counmty but the infestations are very light
as yet. A few fields have been poisoned.

TOBACCO

TOBAC^O BUD WcM (Hplieothis virescens Fab,)

A. C. Morgan k(August 40): No injury by the tobacco bud worm
has been observed at Clarksville.

J. M. Robinson (July 31) Buad worms attacking the tender leaves
of tobacco plants have been reported from Tuscaloosa district,

TOBACCO WVCM (Protoparce ouinquemaculata Ha-. )

A. C. Morgan (August 20): Tobacco .'hbrnworms are much later than
usual for the August brood and the infestation ts-apparently
as light as we have ever recorded. This condition is ascribed
to the exceedingly dry summer.


TOBACCO PFLEA 3EETLIE (E.ptri parvalaigab)


Tennessee


A. C. Mcrg,-n ( Agust 20): The tobacco flea beetle infestation is
very light at Clarksville,


S JGA CASE

SUGARU!E LEAF SCALE (PWvilaria iceryi Guer.)


Porto Rico


Kxsnsns


A, H. Rosenfeld (July I): Attention of our entomologist, Dr.
H. L. Dozier, was called to a field of 5 acres belonging to a
colcno of Central Caimbalache, near Arecibo, on "Torth CoaEt.
Investigation proved these 5 acres to be 100 per cent infested
tand the cane was yellowed and dwarfed as ff by some blight. All
s t.cs of the insc-ct were present except the males, which even
br_.ding in the laboratory by Dr. Dozier failed tcdevolop. This
is the first serious outbreak of this insect reported on t'ec
island and it would be interesting to know whether it has suiaenly
ad-ptcd itself from some native grass or if its.aprearance in
n-b^ers is due to reduced parasitism for some natural pauso.
Coccinullidao were abundant at the time the patch was sprayed
with kercscne emulsion by the owner with excellent results. Wolcott
(Jo-erno Bd. of Agr. of P. R., Vol. 2, pY)35, April,1921) reports
six individuals having bccn found.

F OR S T AND SHAD E.TR E INS E CTS

GE'F AL FEEDER S

BAGWVCJR (TbvridoKptcrvx ucphemcrp.cformi s Haw.)

J. W. McColloch (August IS): Reports of defoliation of cedars
and shade trees have boon rather numocrbs during* the last month.
In many places in eastern Kansas the cedars have been killed















Virginia


fl'ebrusI~L


-325-


by the activities of the bagworm the last few years. Much of the
injuJry this year has been to boxelder.

FALL r7EBCP. ( h',.ntria c Durcy.. r)

Herbert Spencer (August 11): -all r;bv.orrms are more cbu-dl;rt
this fall than we have sn.'- them in rz.n, ye'rs. The -0obz are
very coepi-cuous in our woods at the present time.

qI:TE-ALIKE:,_ TUSSOCt MOTH (Hemerocamap leucostima S. & A.)

M. H. Swenk (July 25 to August 25): Th rhite-n.rke& tussock
moth has continued its injuries to trees and. hrubs Curing the
period covered by this report.


A'BTPVITAE

SOFT SCAIE (Coccus hesperidum L.)


Wis c onsin


E. L. Chamianbers (August 20): One of the nurseries in the south-
eastern part of the Stateo had quite a gor.:al infestation of
this pest on arborvitae, and. several trees at Maiden Rock
(Pierce County) were seriously infested.


BROIMZE 3IRCH 3ORSP?. (bArilus Anxius Gory)


Uscorisin


3 L. Chambers (August 20): Eleven cutleaf birch trees were
condemned in one of the nurseries in the southeastern part of
the State. Several trees were killed outright by thQ pest.


ELM L:AF -_7LT (-alerucella -'.nt.honcl.-n.cna Schrank)


..as sachusot t








Cal if arnia


Nebras1m


A. I. 3oUrnme (August 22): &.e Lacroix, at East Warcharm, reports
t1e elm leaf beetle very cbun1art this season in several towns
in Plymouth *.r. Parnstzable Counties. In the towns of sandwich,
Barnstable, ainl Yarmouth ho reports the infestation so heavy
that elr. treeL stand out very conspicuously becc.-.e of the brown
ppPcar-ncc of t-e foli:,g, due to the feeding of this insect.
This report cho.-s dcgrue of injury more sev-r- than we have
noted fcr a poerlod of vyc-:.rs.

T., D, Urb '-ns and assistants (August 15): All elm tro;.rs through.-
out fresno County that have not been spraycd with arsenical
solution are completely defoliated at this time.

ELM BOR3 (Saperda tridentp.t 01.)

M, SH Swenk (July 25 to August 25): The iUtal number of compl:ints
of injury to elms by. the Elm borer (SaDerda tridentata) were
received dwing the period covered by this report.








-326-


AM -ICAN ELH. SC:LL (Cri .,spips ,r-mericanr, John.)


Neb rska


M. H. Sw.enk (July 25 to A,-!-nst 25): The usual number of complaints
of injury to elms by the white elm scale (C)Tn.-nis neric.a ).
were received durir the period covered by this report.


aTROF _ET 3LM SCALE (.,,.ia _mri.:- L );dc )


Wisconsin


E. L. Ch..-mbers (August 19): The first record of the finding of
this ec.i' in a nursery was received then eight weeping elms
were found infested in one of the larger nurseries of the Steate
at Jefferson. .


SPINY ELM CATERP.PILLaR nFn,-no sa -nti n L.)


Nebraska


M. Ho Swenk (July 25 to August 25): Within the past few days a
case of the stripping of elm trees by the second generation of the
spiny elm caterpillar (Th'': .r ;a ntiooa) has come to our attention,


BI SPID.E2 (Tet:'-,?_-chus bitaculat-ai aorv.)


Nebraska


Nebraska


Ohio


M. H:i fiwrnk (July 25 to A"aIst 25): Complaints of injury by the
red sp-l.Tor (Tetr nL'chLus li"7i, -x,. s) rhich ceased about July
1, were again coming in C.urag late July ard early August,chiefly
in connection with attack on elm trees.
HAC .3EP-Y

HA.CKiPB3Y L3A7-G-LL (Pach-os-lla celtidir,-rmnmma Rilay)

Ml H. Swenk (July 25 to .-.P-ust 25): During August numerous
inT-, ries re are.id hfcrmi'y leaf-gall (cP-ct_. ea noltidis-
nv),"ri) were received from ceveDral central Nebraslka Counties.


I2CcTST

LOOUST EOPRR (Cvllena -obi-niae Forst.)


Be. V,. !;nde.a1l (August 24): There is great dzimage by the locust
borer, all over the State, and the locust timber is being damegod.


LOCU3T TVFIG EBPER (,Ldytolonhia insiticiara Zell.)

Massachusetts A, To Bo1tame (zi,-_st 22): W- D. Vhitco-b, at lValthrnm, reports
under d'."e of July 25 the locust twig borer on black locust
in the vicinity of Wiince-.s'-ter. He states that at that time tl'e
larvae were from two-thirds to fall-grorn, and that practically
50 per cent of the new twigs were infested and showed the typical
swelling.

LOCUST LEA MI!ER (Chalepu.dor sal ie Thunb.)


Ohio


D. M. DeLong (August 7): The locust leaf miner has been extremely
bad in the southern part of Ohio and has practically defoliated
all the locust trees, including large areas in many places. Field


































Wisconsin


observations upon soybeans in the attempt to find the amount and
nature of the damage caused by the Mexican bean beetle have re-
vealed the fact that..in many areas where the locusts have been
defoliated the adults of the locust leaf miner have begun feeding
very abundantly on soybeans. This has been so noticeable in many
places that it )as been reported by farmers and county agents. The
feeding by this insect is nudh more severe than any feeding caused
by the Mexican bean beetle upon the same crop. To the present time
no egg masses have beer found, deposited upon soybeans and only the
larvae ihich have migrated from other beans *iich were defoliated
have been found upon spybeans. Feeding by the adult has been very
meager in all cases.

T. He Parks (August 19): The lost trefs on the hills of southern
Ohio now appear as if scorched by fire, owing to the feeding of these
beetles on the foliage. They are also feeding to a less extent upon
oak leaves and leaves of soybeans.
M PUS

COTTONY MAPLE SCALE (Pulvinaria innumerabilis Bathv.)

T. H. Parks (August 19): We have received more specimens of the
cottony maple scale than for several years. Most inquiries come from
western Ohio with the statement that they are damaging maples.

5. L. Chambers (August 19):. Serious damage was expected from the
cottony maple scale on some of the trees in Marshfield and an
attempt was being made to wash them off with water from a power
spray outfit.


FIAT-HBAID BORER (CZrysobothris femorata Oliv.)


Indiana


C. R. Cleveland (August 21): Flat-headed borers, probably this species,
were reported from crown Point as being very serious on a large
grove of young maple trees. It was feared by the correspondent that
many of the trees would be killed. We have had reports from other
sp.urces of similar injury and it appears either that these borers
are on the increase in the State or that they are being more
generally noticed than formerly.


Pin
A GEEOiPBRID (fllapia fiscellaria Gc.)


Michigan


R. H. Pettit (July 20): I am sending a sample of geometrid larvae
just recently obtained from Leland, in Leelanau County away up art4.
These larvae are defoliating hemlock, balsam, and, to a lesser
degree, white pine. 0. B. Dibble, tho has just returned from a trip
up there, after examining into this outbreak, reported several
square miles badly infested, a number of trees killed last. year, and
practically complete defoliation of the trees this year.

^i^op











POPLAR


PCPLAR EOREI (Sperd- -d lcaratQ S-.y)


)is consin


Indiana


EB, L. Ch.mnbers (August 20): .'bouf 60 trees -:ere broken over in
one of the rnirseries of the southeastern part of the State
because of the borer injury. The adult beetles were observed
unusually thick this Eumirer.

POPLAR MOCHA STOIE :,;OTI: (MIelahlonh. iEcluTh Rbn. )

P. D. Sanders (August 13): Young poplar trees growing in nursery
rows at Pittsville were being defoliated by young larvae, possibly
of the second brood. More numerous t-is yez.r than last.

SYiCC10RE

A MOTH (Ancvli.t niat". Cleci.)

S. \. iTendenhall (August 19): Destroying the leaves of th sycE.ncr e
trees in H ncock County but not serious.

TULIP MRE.

TJLIP SCALE (Tounmevellq liriodendri Gmel.)

H. F. Dietz (July 25): I have a record of the tuliptree scale
being very abundant in the vicinity of 'adion- (probably iadison-
J. J. Davis.)


;-LirJT

WALiTTI C^JrlL2iAR (D-.ana intepe-rir, &R.)


OChio


Indiana


Illinois


E. W. :'fendcnhall (August 5): I find that Datana int!Perrimh.
is quite troublesome on the black walnut, and some of the trees
are nearly defoliated.

T. H. ParkIs (August 19): These caterpillars were observed to have
defoliated black walnut trees in Allan County during mid-Au-aus'.

C. HR. Clevcland (Au-st 21 )" This species has baen very pominant
at many places in tec State durin,7 the past month. As one drives
along the highways mnn, %n, latt tr-ees are observed which arc v-ryt
beo:-ly corripletely lefoliated, ovvn-- to the -or.: of this caterpillar.

W\. P. Flint (Aui-ust 19): The lhandnaid moth, Datqna inte-err: 3,
h,-s c.uued a little more than the *uEu1Ll amount cf damato on
'alnuts and hickories, many trees, both in the counr.try and in
towns, having been completely defoliateS. The insects are now
full-.-'ov':n in the central part of the Stc te and most of them have
Lnt red the ground for nupation.








INSECTS ATTACKING GREENHOUSE


AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

MI SCELLANEOUS FEEDERS


APHIIDAE


Indiana


California


C. R. Cleveland (August 21): There have continued to Ie many
reports of serious injury to flowering 'plants of various kinds,
especially asters, by root lice. Previous examination in many
r of these cases has shown a common species to be the corn root
aphid, Anuraphis naidi-radicis Forbesbut another species has
been observed which has not yet been identified. Trouble from
this source is apparently steadily on the increase in the State,
Infestations of root lice are always accompanied by conspicuous
colonies of ants and most of our correspondents assume that the
ants are doing the damage.

SNAI LS

Weekly News Letter, State of California, Vol. 7, No. 17 (August 2)
Snail control has been extended with success to ridding nurseries
of this pest, according to R. D. Hartman, Superintendent of the
Nursery Service of the California Department of Agriculture.
The common garden snail, Helix as ersa, is considered a troublesome
pest in some Iarts of the State. It attacks many ornamental plants
in gardens and nurseries. The measure recommended for the control
of snails, as given out by the California Department of Agriculture,
is to first spray the premises in the evening with water, to brig
the snails into activity. Then mix 1 pound of calcium arsenate with
16 pounds of wheat bran, either dry or with the addition of about
1 gallon of water. This bran mash is then thrown under buildings,
among flowers, or any place inhabited by the snails.
Eight hundred p6unds of this poisoned-bran mash was scattered
in Beverley Hills Nurseries and 250 pounds on the Hollenbeck
Estate, with satisfactory results.


DAHLI A

TERMITE (Rettculitermes tibialis Bks.)


Nebraska


Michigan


MH H. Swenk (July 25 to August 25): Reports of injury to a field
of dahlias in Johnson County and to a house in Hall County by the
termite Reticulitermes tibialis were received during the first
half of August. I

SADIOLI

TWELVB-SPOTTED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Dabrotica dodecimnctata Fab, )

Re H. Pettit (August 21): Feeding on lima beans and gladiolus
flowers, also dahlias and either flowers at Lansing.


.-329-







-330-


BLIST R 3EETT. (!....oida, ) ...

- F. ,, 1cr.dcnhli (A"ruct 21): On some .ya.ieties of gladioli at
Siinc,'y; hi d-.-na8S to -he flowers Is vcry ext;nmive.


IRIS TO'0_-BORZER (ac-onoctua on-usta Grote)
', '. "! "
pShire p- Re Lcwry (July 22): BaTF daiyr iri at. ClaremQnt.
T. a .*', .
H. A, Gc.nr '- {.14-4 t -2I). ThJ jris'bQ-er wm%; ic.tsd-Au.ust 7 doing
fxcossive c..m3f to. il-is a.4 ?- 11.:n. A.a, ".a de. T.:0oS of the
2-.-..e were u 1-grorf. and ,e. w ter'.ransfSiirr ng to th, pupal


!Ji. esissippi








:Aissoi~


1i71sconsin


Iebraska


PR. T7. Tarnr. l (J.ne 2o) I 1'n mailing to you a vial that contains
rr-71yb-`,ig3.g frjr. a '.,-.ia tree .hichbIAlongs to an individual
in trcoeU. I..'e. tree is very badly infested with realybuf.s -
Detotirn --' as -".,'.i^ c^^i's b" H, Mbrrison Jo A, kys op.,


. I .


* ~PITh~L\


FP:E.2A H;PD j q m-pireaI.rTA. Scho','t *

"L ERm.n: (t.I'e 25): This -aphis has attracted attention through-
ouLt the month o2 ',., though it is becomD,-g lec abundant toward
the end of the rOnth". ..

I N S 7. CT S A T T O K i UCG !A 11 f.A D D O ME S T I C

N I M A L S



CAT AIT1 DCG FLEAS (Cte'.Tne lu_ nconis 3ouche' and Co fepli Bouche'":

FB L. -(namrbers (U'vst 3 9); T!-e fleas became so thick and troublesome
at S'oujhton that thb pcntl'.-ere forced to vacate the house, AIn
unzucce-,sful attempt had boen made to fumigate the home when an
a : -,,., s ;-..de to tiisi.departneht for help.


A SOCIAL W'ASP (Vsgj1 a commninis DeS.)


M H S-enkc (Tvly 23 to August 25): Citizens of Knox and Brown
Countie; i. nr.r.- er.i ITbrarka have complained of annoyance caused
by en.'-,. co'o;ta.1 of the social wasp Teeala .comnunis in the
grou.C iul:, Lu tr.'-ir p-r(fnisea,


.'aw HK

Ohio


"" C l
A :. 4.'TBLe- (P^R ,eoe %S^S VT-att.C II ..


I I








-331-


A MMDITID
A ~a1bA J. M. Robinson (July 31): One of Vi Reduviidao has been raOrt d
and. has caused irritation to a family "ar Gadsden, two hving
been found las year and five bcing taken thiu y,*r* The corres-
pondence states that the house was free from bedbugs.



THROAT BOT FLY (astrophilus nasal is L.)

Ohio F. C. Bishopp (July 20): Thae throat bot fly put in its appearance
in the vicinity of Columbis about July 1. It is causing some
abboyance to horses at this time but is not very abundantjvet!

NOSE BOT FLY (Gastrophilus haemorrhoidalis L.)

Ohio 7* C. Bishopp (July 29): The examination cf the digestive tracts of
a number cf horses ane observations on horses on farms indicate that
the r :' bot fly ir nu,, present i:. ti:c vicinity of Columbus. Reports
from cr-tain farms scgg.istcd its presence but these are almost
certainly erroneous.
H' ORSE BOT FLY (C-stro hilus inteinal is DeG. )

AOhio F. t, 3ishopp (July): The adults of this species began to appear
and attack horses about July 1 at Columbus. By July 17 nearly all
horses ha1. an infestation of from 75 to 300 eggs each.

Canada F. C. Bishopp (July 25): Horses at Pelee Island, Ontario, are
infested with eggs of the common horse bot. The number of eggs
apparently average s about 200 per animal.


STABIE FLY (.Stooxys calcitrans L.)
Ohio T.VC. Bishopp (July): The stable fly hrs caused serious annoyance
to stock during the entire month at Ooluidbus and in the northern
part of the Stato. Many dairymen arc spraying but even then the
hordE s.;. eb ^h of the t+ -ie standing in water or shade fighting.
the 2l1.C. ,.

Canada C0. Bishopp (July 25): Stock are sorely annoyed by swarms of stabe.
flies at Peloo Island, Ontario. Dogs have their ears raw from
their bites and as many as 35 flies were observed biting one ear of
a dog at one time.

M!O.:7 FLY (HaomaLtobia itans L.)

bhio F. C. Biabopp (July): -Throughout the month of July horn flies have
been a very annoying pest to cattle at Columbus. By the middle of
July they had increased so that their numbers ran from 2OOO to









5,OCO per head on cattle thich were not sprayed, Spraying at milking
tins was c:arric.l cut or. mcs',, .l'ry herds d-,rin: the month. Some report
ccrnzidOrable ru.iction in rmilk flow-? from t-r co0rLined attack of horn
fl-ie, auld ctable flio^,-

Te7az O0 GO B&;c:.ck (fkgust 22): More nrmerous than normally for this time
of the ycar at So-nor'a, oLng splr.-nt-ly tc loc:l .showers over this
section:of the co-an'ry.

OX TP.-EPI2 (T^%vr~ Io-iq DeG.)

Ohio F. C, BishopP (Tuly): The cattle in ,the northern half of the State
"'.c- .' free cf northern cattle rb; in ther -ks about Jly 1.
The a..nr..-.e due to t1he attcck of the flies bo.an to subside markedly
after July 15.

ScT.3\7 TORM (Ccc!-il` -,_v-i.a f'c r llnrin Flab.)


F, C, Bishcpp (Jv17y 25): Sre? ,om f. 'i e (r...-r"o'-o-n.n.. mreel laria)were
observed in m.rrate nu.-rb ers on dcd fish on oath Bass Island, Ohio,
and Pclee i'.,.are. Q Otario, The. prcrtion of the different species
of fli,-s on fish was alout as follows:


Fe cent
Pho1rni"a r,-.,ina ..... rTS
rhj ,,'"?'''^;;:. !nr'',-l laTbia ..
i.xr CV((f:'a ^P- '**...........
*"'-" *\ ". .*' ., ,- 2
** .^ ._- ** -,a ^


Per cent r
lin'i~lia ceaeqar ,......S.
SI"cilia- sericata ........ 2
,.'.cc domestic ........... 6
P. terrac-nnvGe ........... none wer'
seen


Tex.as O, G. abcos2 {(.'.:ust 22): 'Iore numerous this month than normally
at Sonora. Practically 100 per cent screw worm cases in calves cas-
trated an- byo:n this ot,

POULTRY

STICKTIGHT FLEA (Echidnn-haD.a gallinacea Tlestw.)

Alabara J. M P.obinsnn (July 31): The hen flea or sticktight flea Of poultry
was rcvrted as being abundant at one locality.


Texas


Fo Co Eis.hcpS .ni ?. H M, Brundrutt (June 15): 1est of Broanwood the
st5c.2-':.-.t f'..ea is reported to }'.avo been very little more abur.dant
this s irin t11.an usval. At this date their numbers appear: to be
incrcnzi. o h.-is is an important pest every year in this section.
Betrc-'ei rc",: -d and ,or't 'Wor:h the insect soems to have been more
abundant and desti-ctive this springg t'han normally.


iE-ICUSE !EEUB (TT.heratosiohcn inodorus Dugos)

IXansas J. W, !7cColloi- (P'yAast 3): Bedbugs ard reported very numerous in a
poultry hc-use at Z".bfrg.


Ohio and
Canada


-3 12-









INSECTS INFESTING HOUSES AND PRqEM! S' S


EOn.0P2T EAR. 7,1 (Forficula auricularia L.)


New York










Oregon


Mississippi


Illinois


E, P, Felt (August 3): Regarding the earwig infestation at East
farora, an examination last week showed the insect to be present,
in one case at least, in considerable numbers ard. apparently somewhat
widely distributed in the village, though no general complaint
has been made and it is quite probable that many simply overlook
the insect. There were very few about the premises originally
reported as infested, though three bloccks away there was a very
considerable colony uncr the loose bark of an elm log kept as a
trap. The insects appear to be more troublesome by getting into
the house or on the laundry than on account of injuries to plants.

Oregon Daily Journal, Portland, (July 31): After having covered
approximately half of the territory within the city limits of
Al-any with earwig poison during an "anti-earwig" campaign last
week, local people have launched a second and "follow-up" campaign
h4.ch will aim toward covering the entire city and killing earwigs
hatchei out since. The poison will be sold at cost at the city
hall, under auspices of the City Government. More than 1,000 pounds
of earwig poison was distributed to local people duri-ng the last
campaign.
BOOK LICE (Atropidae)

T-, H. Parks (August 1S): Letters from Dayton and Cambridge report
houscaso7orrun with these insects. Specimens were submitted August
14 and 15. Superheating is being attempted to eradicate them.

TERMITES

R, W, Harned (July 30): Termites were taken on soybeans at Holly
Springs on July 21 by T. F. McGehee.

COCKROACHES

Jo W. McColloch (August I): Cockroaches have.been giving considerable
trouble in a few houses at Manhattan and in a cafeteria at Topeka.

EUROME.0 C KRCKET (Gryllus domesticus L.)

Wo P. Flint (August IS): .An outbreak of the European cricket
occuTred in Joliet, the outbreak apparently originating from a
city dr:'p, -hich was overgrown with weeds, where garbage of various
kinds had been accumulating. The crickets invaded near-by houses
and caused more or less ahnoyance.

GARBKTXER BEE C payoc_.pj virginica Drury)

JM W, McColloch (July 1I): Speclmens of this bee were received from
a farm near Zarrcnee with the information that they were setously
underininirg the rafters in the farm buildings.


-333-














TITNY RED A1I ('onceorium -6r,.ronis L.)
' isconsin S le, Q-.-.n-r. (1Agust 20): One of the larr3st hotels in
Z-i~s-csng en 7C -,-,! ,Tc (onsi. 1 U
so..thea.; .. "scosin 's 3.:' c: '::r'u"c..-th red ants. They,
-"-.'c a n0, ..ic.C, all 'h-o;z'.. t".h-ot'l from lobsy an" kitchen
to the -r. ,tairs rooms -.-... --.... 'ert cT.-i., that they came in
cn the lau-f':;. Tiho front pf ;; ,ca s P,.'.C:oY -.7as lined with
nhu:-,rsI of thern tzjing in vain to climn'j up.

S T 0 R D 4 ZR A I T SE l T S

*:Z-:-.-r-2r FL0TJ. TiCTO" (rDP.estia 1uehniella Zcll.)

LTn.as J, 'McCollo 1 (A-zist 6) :1-is ir-cct is causi g considerable
trou'cle in a ;::Illl at I.s.

:eo GCTzt.CIS.' rai!: [T--i t':. -t o--.rc-:- b?]i lir:. %,

.s a. J. 17l. ..-'--ntc- co 7pan:y at Emporia
repor'G the t--tIts a:',udant in tn or rj-roI










TCS R.1.: *TE T7PD-TA? HORTICMTI.MiAL. PCAED, June 15, 1925.
7,

About the first of _unia an express -oarcl arrived. at San rrin-
cioco, Calif., from Ha'w)ii, marked "Jaur." bpon examining it,
the collaborators of tha Board- found it to contain mngos and
cooking bananas. This interceptio-.i represented a deliberate
attc:rt to violate Quararntin 13. 1 h) m&ango- -ere fo-rnd to
be infested. with magpt- cf the Mildit- crr:-nann fruit fly. *'-e
fruit was shipped in a oastecboard box, thus affording every
oppor'tni ..j for the _vts to escape. Steps have beeo. taken
to bring about the pl-osca'ti-on of the shi;per.

An_ identification vas recent.ly receive. for specimens of the
Mediterranean fruit fly (Cef'i ti,3 cgitata) r:hich 7rere taken
by the insiG'ctors at Ost.... o-n .'.. : frontn loquats arriving by
'Xl fro'rn the Azores. There v'ere tmO box; of loquats in
tlit> conoie_,,nt, each cntaining about six quarts. The loquats
were packed in sa a:ut anJ shr-dd"- corn husks.

Since the lat Letter of Inforr;;ation was issued, several identi-
ficai....ns have b...n rcceivc2 _or pcieins of Anastrepha ludons
... the ic0n fruit f:, intercepted 't Mexican border ports
in manfcs from l.:;:ico. Coll3ctions rere made at BroTnsville,
Tex., on. **'e_ 1; at 7 Pa;so<,Tex., on 'ay 3IS, and at Laredo,
Tex., or-n Airil 14, if: 25, and J-3ue 3.

Larvae and pup, of the Test Indian rit fly, Anastrepha frater-
culus Wied., wore fourd by inspectors at Fniladelphia on ",', 25
and at New York en June 11 inf etinr mangos :rOor Jamaica.

A larva and prupa case of an -unidentifiable "pocics of atro
were collected by inspectors at '. Orleans inside of a mr-go
from Sparnish -ondrS on ,ay 19.

Thirty-five fruits of cherimoya -.er- brought in in the bagage
of a passzenger arriving at Nc;, York from Perua on J-ne 1 7hich,
when found and examined by an inspector of the Board, proved to
be inf -.ted W;7ith diptero-is lar-'.ae. Fifteen larvae were collected.
The specialist of the Bueaua of Ento:aology could only identify
them as to ^us. The y were classified as tr. h so.


-335-






UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
U ~I Il IlllH IIIl Il

3 1262 09244 5716









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