THE INSECT PEST SURVEY
A periodical review of entomological conitions throughout the United States,
issued on the first of each month from April to November, inclusive.
Volume 4 November 1, 1924 Number 8
B U REA U OF E NTOM OLOGY
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
TH E STATE ENTO MO0LOG ICA L
AGEN C IES COO PERATIN G
INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN
Vol. 4 November 1, 1924 No. 8
OUTSTANDING ENTOMOLOCICL FEATURES IN TE UNITED STATES FOR OCTOBEFR, 1924
W7e wish to express, in this the closing number of Voltue 4 of the Insect
Pest Survey Bulletin, our sincere appreciation of the continued support and hearty cooperation that we have received from our collaborators. 7e now have a force adequate to give a very satisfactory cross section of the entomological situation of the United States, and this cross section is being very rapidly realized.
Within the next two months we will issue an index to this volume.
During the month just passed white grubs have become decidedly conspicuous in the Ohio River Valley and in the Upper Plains region, southward to Kansas.
The Hessian fly situation is very favorable throughout the greater part of the wheat belt. Planting after the fly-free date has been generally adopted over most of this territory. The situation is not so encouraging,however, in-Kansas.
The chinch bbg as a whole has dropped into a position of secondary importance over most of its range, but heavy migration to hibernating quarters was obseryr ed in parts of Kansas.
The European corn borer situation is the most serious in the short history of this pest in North America. A general sur-ary of the situation is contained in this issue of the Survey Bulletin.
The Japanese beetle situation is very encouraging, the spread being much
less than was anticipated earlier in the season, and in general extends but little more than one township beyond the area infested last year.
The Oriental peach moth is now quite generally distributed over the eastern peach bclt, and was seriously aoundart during the past year in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. In eastern iariyland it was not nearly as s vere as during 1923 and caused but little damage. In this number of the Bulletin is published the results of a recent survey trade by the Bureau of Entomology, Federal Horticultural Board,
and State Agricultural agencies cooperating.
A very heavy infestation of a green bud-moth (Arevronloce varie-ana Hbn.) is reported from the Annapolis Valley section, Nova Scotia. This pest is not recorded from the United States.
The Mexican ean beetle is now recorded as covering practically the entire State of Ohio, eastward to the southeastern tier of COmties in Pennsylvania, and eastward into West Virginia and i1orth Carolina. One of tno interesting features of the spread of this insect has been the extremely small gain in territory to the south of the region originally infested in Alabawa. The insect has swert northward and eastward to the Great Lakes, out has not yet reached the southern third of the State in which it was originally discovered east of its normal habitat in the Rocky Yountain Region.
On the v-hole 'Inre,~ ',.s beel-n ino~ eico t_;-' -!-curt of l'
by the boll wevlover prev-.ioujs years. hcWtjiVe,'-, -p-rescni, J~tc~ in tn- )th eastern States -point to large num ers going into hicornation thsfall.
The lesser corn stalk-corer is reported as having been nresert in destructiv nunibers in Porto Rico for the first time in the last fifty years.
A very successful control car. i7n against the 7ipsy noth 111s 'bec-n -iaod in New Jersey, the infested territory having ocen c-ut nearly i-:n half Ui three years' work directed toward its extenriina'7ion in that State.
During the last w( eks in Octooer unusually heavy flights cf the line tree looper -uere reported f ror, :>ssachusetts, Connecticut, )nd No'::" York.
The white-irarked tusso ck roth is reported as being on the as cende-ncy in Ohi'o and heLbraska.
The ne,-!iy introduced birch lcaf-r-incr, Fmus, Tjrila K lug, apDT-,--rs to be generally e-stablishe-d in the eastern part of N1ew York Sta-te7,.
Amoth, 0Ocnerostora 21iariella Zo1. whic attacks T i n-on e ds in parts
of Europe was caught in considerable nuribers at a trgp iirkt in Tthaca, NIew York during the last July. As A" ar as we c-an ascertain th-ere is no reco .-de- nUeo h occurrence of this insect in tnc Unit(,d States, b-,t :re are inforr ed that Pro.1essor Comstock collected this insect at Ithaca in 1862.
CEREAL (11ED FO RIGF- -CRO P INS ECTS
GRAFSHOPPERS (," Cridiidae)
Wis cc ns in S B Fr a c 1, c r \ S p t r, iD e r) 'Grasshoppe-fs are r- Dorted f ror, D- e
County ts being more than usually abundant a--,-d fror Dodze and Jackson Co.unties as being vcry nu-erous. 1, fc T have appeared also in
Oneida County. In Fortacre County they ruined 35 per ccnt of the
Illinois IN. P. Flin-;Z, (October 20)- Grasshoppers hav,? been rcre abundant
than last fall, out not dostril. ve enou-h to c-wso any serious
dar_-age this year. They T.r.ay cause sore trouble nc,:t s 7-ason.
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (S-cntc rrnber): Report of inJury by crrasshorper s carly
in Scptcmber on very yourg alfalfa in Saline County tI.e only
injury of this sort thit to our attention during the fall.
K ans as J. W. V-ccollloch (October i'): injury by grasshoppers (7 i lanonlus
atlanis P 4 ley) shc;-,,is a decrease ovel last month al'ho, gh th .v are
still aound,; t in sore areas.
711UTTE G71UBS (Phvllo-oha7a srp.)
Ohio H. A. Gcss, rd (Octooer 21): have ad a -ood P--Lny inquiries for
the cc nt ro I o -,-';nit e cr rL .)s ',uith re-oo rtz t at ti,--s e ins e cts are v x-,;
numerous in cornf4 ei 'S and on sod land.
-ve reT)crts fror variou-z' Indiana J. D_ is k0ctr)oor 221: Continue to rece-k
sections esp ,cially of injury to la.-.-ns an6 crrn in the northern
tart of thL; Stati. They were- reported com-,- n in newly sown wheat
iields, and doing sone dazrag,: n r. ,estl-c intral In iana. report
aiso cave to us the r:ast mcn-Ith o-i" i-_njury to 'rivet hed-e a' Tolodo,
Illinois W. P. F-Lint, (October 20): 'Re- _,orts of iniL':_ry by -1,-hite E,1r'_-,bs ccy-tinue to cone in frori. -_ any points in central and n, rth .rn Illinois.
Exam inat ions Oy 1'r. J. H. Pio-Ff r, of cornfields in 1"arrc-,.-- County, I ant ed t,-- 7- u i. r p ra
showed that whcre corn --nd so-,-beans we-e e
tically no dar, e to t ic scy bt_,ans had rcs-alt, ;d in f J- ..10.s There
corn was nearly d,.;stroy _d. The grub3 'w, re rain2.y in t eir s,-,ccnd ar'Ci in SoM_ f 4 e1_ S
A. ) second and. third year zruLs v- irc fcurd together. Ii eastern 11"'inois a numoor of acr-s --Ic.Lve Oecn found
where in' ury oy occurs in corn corn.
W i s cc n s i n S. B. Fracktr (Septenber): Rerort,--.d 1ro-r: lfari -xtte. ard Sauk Ccunties eutacking potato,
Nebraska 11 H. Swenk (Septemlber)- 171-lite gruts' continue to be compared o-as doing injury in several counties in eastern Ieuraska during car-S.eptember.301
Kansas j 17. cco llo C11 (0 Cto be r 100 The whe-i:t white grub (PhVI-lorhaga
3's )_oi,,nd,,11,nt in sore ,,-:heat fields in
7_an I-. I- a n6. K 4 df S
LESSIAIN FILY kfhy _q T) csti-uctor Say)
Ohio h. A. Gossard (OcItlober 21): There liave been no very not-ible
nents in Ohio entorr-ology thc nast Tronth unless it -ay be noted that exinination of tr.e ruparia
an P f +ho 1-ossian fly our 7e6ina breeC.,
in7 s- ation indicated t'_1at a larore percentage of the insects Iiad en, car7v. Te estimate 'hat 80 to 90 per cent of thTn had
emor,-,cd by Se-otf--moer 18, the date we put out our (-rr-rg, nc ca$es.
-A was so,,-,-n unt11 'he safe-seodin-- dates,
Since very little w' ieL V n
think all Opio vill o f-,_tirly safe fror, the Hessian fly the ccnira,
y---5 ar Only fields that were seeded prior to Septc-riber 15 could
hav e bein severel:7 attacked this fall and the rnrber of such seedings was very few.
Ind-Lana J J Davis (0 cto oor 22) Tile Hessian fly situation is satisfactory:
The f ly-f r, ,e date has been f ar as w _, have c bs,-rvcd.
Early sowii whaat is noticeably mo rc he _ivily inf ":?sted in 19 23 .
Illinois 71. P. Flint (October 20): The first vave of the crrergcnce of tl-.e
fly c7,vo practically on norTa1 schedule. !"Tileat so-Tri Se-tote7ber 15
was rather 1_,_:, vily Lif estcd, that sor.n or, thc -20th -as S14 ghtly infestedv and that or. the 25th contained 'cut a trace of infestation.
These figures a-pply to the vicinity of Urbana. Farly so.,7n ",7heatv or t.',at so in t en. d, .ys o r no re 0ef o re the f I y-f ree dat o, s ecr-s to be inf ested quite hea-,,7i1y in the ce-ntral section r- t e St, lr,, but very sli,-ht7y 4nfcst_-d In the south rn end whrre only a srall nuorber of the fly could be -Cound in '.he wheA stubble in August. n o c casional f-y is k3rerginF t -e r-resent t'Tre, biA not enoug"i to c.-Luse my serious dxrage.
Neuraska 1 h S x (:, nk ( 0 e p t -I,- m o e r) During the ronth of Sopt c-r- ber the r air,
fall brood of the hessian fly was acti.,o in the i'ields and reached its naxi-um ab,"nd ,&co a little later in the ricnih. t'.-an usual, especiaily in the soutiiern counties of ieuraska. Twcnt-f(,ur co-unt4 n_ 'Lh th Collc,-o of
ties of so-utheas-4-ern Faoraska are co ope ra 0
ig ri cul tu ro thro ug l"I the county agricult-ural ap., nts r'nd the Drpartmont of Fntcmology in twaiiting the arncunced dato. Begirming on Ce3tcm,)er 3, th -1 Stato EntoLiologrist sslj(_,d a series of bulletins the -oroorf ss of' thr- e-reraence -,nd disappearance of the hessian ily, nine such oull(Ai-.-s havin* oc-n issued up to and including Octol.-or l.' The fly-fn e date % *as arinc-unced for t. Ie iortheastorr,:: ost counties c' !,-euraska or So-temucr 2,5, for several co mties so-uth of these on Septcmbur 29, for a n ber of cou.ntiC.S LZiCYL T, ti,,o P1 at-te Volley v:cstwardjy on Septpmuer 30 and for tiLe r(11,1 1n.Incz co nt-'Les north of the Plat v or as as s,,- er,,l cc unties on Octouer 1. For 'Lh(--, scuthermos".
F,_,ur,-tska counties the fiy-frbe date is expect,:A to arrive, during the first .,ieek in Octcber.
3 0 3
station ho. 1 ("'Tahoo) St, ion No. '21 eatric;')
F e r C e 1 r --l : t.-I! C 1c- C-I.t of
on 100 S-:Z Ubble plants : o n 100 7 r, c, on iOO stu,.)bl., plants 0 1. ") 11 at
Sept ,mbf r '6 93 .4 p r,-; r 36.0
it it r705
27 95.1 1 5 27 48.6
26 95.7 745 2 8 49.6 660
29 95 .61 66 2 ?. 46.6 10i 5
30 T5.4 30 53,5
c 0 bb ,r 1 5'- 5
2 65.") i15
5 3 E 3 C
6 67 .4
Ic-,va Y H Sw e nk S e p t en, b e r) 0 r: S e -o c o e r '5, at -',- n ( n'' -ry-4 son Cc .
Iov"'al station bl per c,,,,nt of zke f lics 1: -ad encr-(,d; at tho 1 S Station 42 P.- r c,-,,nt h:id elrerc cl; -Tnr"
Co. iowa at !'i7ni- Cc .
Iowa, Station, 66 rer cent had (,merpzr d. Kans as 1,7. T.'cCc -' Ic cn (0 cto .er
It is Iittll .' e --rly to d( t(.rrinc,
the hess ian f 1y s i tu -Ation in f al I- c o in eat M. erre-z-g-.ncf, durir4 ti-.c a,-t of S, t b (- r 3-1 d n c r. v o I u n e e e FxTi ots no", v D n' r
in rtp.n r SeClj c'nS of qtato -ii-,d i s o n e co:7 n i n' o f
in.ji;ry to e-arly so-n vhe +
EUROPE,-11,7 r"' ,;E- PYTTD f tjiy Lip cc rviie. wenle Fii
Kansas 7T I CCO I lo C:-l ( 0 ct o cc r 17 ) Th s -.p h I d 1- as u r o u -d n a r;7 c
nuL b e I-S o n t 1^ iL; s t r- s ard ro -, t s c f I u n-. (--, e r vi'n ,2 L3 t at 'IF t Y- is
Lenora, and I-11 i,,F also on, r-,,e at
PL, IIFLS FJ-LSE-771?77'07' ( L Qes o.,o, ca,S.17)
Kansas j CCo 110 C-1 (0 cto uc r 15) Severe, inju--Y to fal'--sr) :-'n wh,,: alvhas ueen re-norted durir.17 the last nonth f ro-r- Rcoks, ,Ind
Trecro Coi. nt--',es. It -" s been. 7",r:- dr in seef is act 7eminati e- -) r ts f ro- 0 sb r e C o 'n- y s t i-4- c- + i. at
-ho --i 1-av, to be r--r !a-, t3d.
S a id s o f a c e s ,, --L
EU, O PE !,T Cr, T T-OrTR (Pvral)s-ta. nubil:-,"'is fnc)r-)
GE"EIRA, Geo Dear. (P,: tojer '9 : Tlie r e ri y- C 0 nT, C '-' a 12- S U I V -Y
hL, D d:i6clcsed such alarnin,7 fac- s s a snre-d r" 15 0 p ce r c e it i n G i c w th an av e ra,-., e .4. n c ?,- e as e : f I-C) 0 r c nt 1 n, i .-I tcnsity- in a s-orea(f. of O'CO -,-er -ce--,t c-,'" orl,,7inal terrltorv) ;vith i consider -,Lle increase Ln a s-n- d rf
150 per cent in nortil-estcrn a
r. i rit e ns Y In adrli+-or, +c t- se developments, a tat' on has ap--c eLrud on tile I- rtheastern side of S-tater, Tslaii,-,
Ono new c'op of infestation has apared on Long Island close to
the coaerci: s et corn cn n r, and a s-ie of infestationis has
developed along the scuth shore of Connecticut in the towns of
Bridgeport, West Haven, 01d Lyoe, New London, and Stonington.
The Canadian situation, vhich last year seemed to be fairly well in hand, has broken out with renewed intensity, and the principal
dent corn growing areas in Essex and Kent Counties, Ontario, are
now so seriously infested as to cause considerable commercial injury.
The prevalence of moisture, heqy dews, and high humidity during the
incubation of the eggs and during the early or first instar stage of the larvae apparently caused very little mortality of the eggs
and permitted large numbers of the larvae to become established in
the tnsels, leaves, stalks, and ears of the corn plants.
In Nassachusetts there has been not only a very Trarked decrease in the intensity of infestation, but also very little spread in the
infestation. This decrease apparently is due principally to the
adverse climatic conditions which prevailed during the summer of 1923. The thorough cleanup of fields, gardens, and small weed
areas and the fall plowing of practically 90 per cent of the cultivated fields probably also contriouted considerably to the decrease
in the infestation. In eastern New York the infestation remains
about the same, that is, there has oeen very little spread and very
little increase in the intensity of the infestation.
A FLOWER BEETLE (Euphoria sepulchralis Fab.)
Illinois V. P. Flint (October 20): Adults of this insect have been reported
causing severe injury to corn in a numoer of fields in southern
CHINCH BUG (Blissus leucopteris Say)
Kansas J. 7,. McColloch (September 29): A farmer at Logan, Kans., reports
that he planted 300 acres of heat on Sudan grass stuoble and the chinch bugs have taken all of it. (Oatooer 18): Rain in rany parts of the State prevented serious damage to corn and scrghums
outside of that occurring at the tire of migration from the small grains. Bugs are still abundant, however, and the air has been
full of adults flying to the grassland for hibernation.
CORN EKJR"'OEM (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)
GENERIL F. C. Bishopp (September 30): Both early and late field corn exained during the first part of September in the States of Georgia,
Alacama, mississippi, and Louisiana were found to oe heavily infested ;ith the corn earom. 'Count-s showed 90 to 200 per cent of the
ears infested. In most fields the percentage ran about 99.
Wisconsin S. B. Fracker: Repcrted fror Adays, Chippewa, Clark, Dane, LaCross,
"arquette, Vernon, and 17inneoago Counties.
BINDFD I? S (9lis Ph roc-'Alus f aC C '-,Itu S li-V
Ohio h 1- Goss C rd i() october 2 1) Re ce -Lv.--ld ) n 0 ct o'be r 12 f ro7 B 1 o or- i n,-burg, injuring the kernels of well-matured corn.
PT PT,"Fj ,'T)
CTRF7 IT, JUTNE BEETLE (. ot nis nitida L.)
Kans as J FcCc iic ch (0 ctooer 17): G rubs were rc;ce.ivrd fron, ,_ev,-an,
Kans _L 3.re ap-parently this s-)ecies. They -,:ere abund-,nt in
an alf alf a f ieid and the Plants -are dvinj7 in J arge .ire, ,,s .
CL0VE'a -S',1_D funecrls Eo,,,JIrd)
j -e-;7 o rt 6 t ed 0 ct o c e r 14 h - o e e n roI Ind-Lana Davis (Oc .
ceived from the co,, nty agent at 1Auburn, Ind., to the effect that a field of Var-rot,1,1 clover seed has oeen ruineO. ov the 9-eO ch,_lcid. The seed vias so badly fiected that te farr-er qu 4t thrc-shing.
SPOTTED CUCUd'-171FR-BE'F'TLF (Diabrotic-i l?-2Luijct Lta F--,b.)
Kanaas j. 7% FeColloch (Octooer 17): Larvae of t", i s s T P c i e s h av e cau s er"t
serious diTaj7e to two fields of fall-so-,.-n r-e. Tn 'bot-'- cases the rye -:as planted on land t?--A hid 6een in SudJn -) r--,s urin tne suiffr, e r.
CORRECTION On page 219, Vol. 4, c. 6, a scale ins ectEric r,7, cous sp.,reported
by Tr. C. R. Clevel"--nd, %-rus later det _r.mired by Dr. E. Triscn as Erl-*X-r,, ,! t-'s F-nsc.
FRUIT INSECT S
J 'P 11171,,E P7-EILF _LL: _L ia i ar. () n c a
GFTR.AL Loren P Srn ih (Octooer 14). 7ith reference tc the sT rcad of tl-c,
an neu e L.;--e--e dur mr t-'-. current yp ?.r, I at 'I t7 ,e -1-Y s a- t 1 the insect
has nz u spread .Is r-uci, s vjas arti-i )'-_ted e,.rl,, in ti-e season.. Tr P -nns-lv.mia tl_e ii-s-ct m-s increased ul- ar-ca of its distribution for a distance of at-.o-ot one to,,,rsh_-p in -lid'.h cuto ide of the irea im"ested I.-,6t ve---Ir. ALn northern 1'e,,- Jers--y tj e. spread r-ountcd
to ibout the sa.,.-e as in 'Dennsylv3nia; in ot-i-,er T ,ords, about 8 to 12 r-Ales outside t-'-e rrevio,,_ sl- infested torritcry. le ha ,e fol_)nd b0etles quite general-ly dis-ribLted thro-opr- ,ut southern 11.C; .1i -w J e rs
ard believe ihe insect to occur nore cr !(,sz generally thro7L)zh,,,,-t t1-l-It territory. There 1 ave oeen numerous reports of tlie insect occurring in St:-ites otLer than 11'el-,i Jersey, Delrx -- re, -nd Pe.-.nc,:-' van a, bu-11- 1we nave followed up all such renrrts t--,c.t Y.a,,-e cor- tn cur attentio-- ,--,d in no case 1-ave .ve been able to verill,., infest ,,tions occt rrinq in outside States.
The o,. c tl c c i nue 1- o ir c In 'U1- c 1 (1 rr 4 nf -s ted te r--?-i+ cry ,f.d du, n, tie ,e ison :A pesscJ -e 1,ave fcun( as h'7h as 1,5 00
larvae to a squuro yard in cert,-in I lots a result d u ri ng
LI _ocalftj_, ,s
the PlIst six.::- 0 t le -area of he avy -i est. ,(,)n 7j ao coris idc raI;ly I arger C
_Ir.d T-,o re d Fqi, riC7 c c u r red t o t o t'r- e c a-nd. ac e s ex c ep t wh e re th r,
were thoroughly sprayed, than has occurred heretofore.
APPIY IC URCU, LIO (Tachy-oterellus quadri7 i bo us S a1r)
7is co ns in S B Fracker ( Septerriber) F, -,, 11 f 14 uht of tl Js insect associated
with jLyzt s -nersicae occurred in Dane County.
PPT FLFI 717771IT, fOrchestes tallicorn 4 1 -11,
I-Ilinois 7. P. Flirt (Octooer 20): This irs -ct was found by 1\11-'S. C.
Chandler to be less abundant in sout ,ern I-linois t',,rln for several
years, but it has been increasing in 'Testern Illinois -- u-_d is no,,,i causing injury in a nui- rjer of orchards in that -ait of the StAe.
GUE! B"D FOMI -loce variegana Hbn.)
Canada C ,Yiadian Irsect Pest Review (Sept err uer) o. The screen bid rotil has
been abundant to an unusual degree in the Arm polis Valley, ha.-%ring
been especially nur-erous in the vicinity ol 7roIfv-41le and Kenluville.
This is the nost pronounced outbreak in ten years.
-L()'-'FiR P77-'TU (Eu-o'ior-a se-oulc'riralis FLo.)
Kans as J. Vr. FrCollocri (October 1'/)- TI-ese beetles nare s-ilill corr7on on
apples in thiz vicinity. Ini urv h,3.s -)!so been ncted on pe-irs and pumpkins In pract-J.-cally all cases the injury is secondary, the
fruit ha,,ring ueen bruis d by a hailstorr.-, over a Y-onth ago.
CODLL, G (Carnocacsa royronella L.)
Washington E J iJe,wc zn.e I'D e-,--terrber ; ,3): Second-brood mot hs e-erged. in cons 46 e raC.e nu-,Ioe T-9 do tl-ie I ;r..st f I,-, I-f o U-d tt.c I 4 rst- rcoek
of Grr;,,-x3 re-,-ort 1 -trqo, n,.znbers of or7s ei tering t-e
frui-c JL LnF, ti-is pericel. P--tr,,ation occurred as la*e as September 1,
w h ic h is aucut vvceks 1,;Lter tlian usual.
A, L. (jcpterr )er 30): 1 rtc,_- Yitl drc,.rE- t-i.rr)u7h this dist ci ('1- a i6 rxti?-e.d t j-7it -:or-,: !,;rre unUcl : L v s-e-j-, r,3. Lc-L-i ,cir a frost d-, Ftroyerl
wiT-11AC-1-1y al1 -it tc- ncst 'bl,,Ss(;,-S. Ln Of t o orc Kards C 4,,,e orly crc;) cf
it zoeird to Sp _--s ,, e r cht.-A o n th e top
f t s these v.,ere o-,,;t of reach of efflecti,.,e. snr ,,yillg and th s becarre
Spokesman Review (September 2E): 770m damage is running hi,7h in the cror of ar,,T les at Brewster, accordir-C. to Vogge, nanagf- r 0 1 bo,,: _n' 9CC ap-p7e,
ooxes and packed 115, ne-.-.riy 8C per cent of the frult being wcmdm aged.
E J New cor e r (0 ct 0 oe r 20) T11 1920 and lz 21 several s-ecies of codling r.-oth parasites ';vere introduced inuc the Yakira Vallev f ror
the eastern United States. One cf these, .1,scogaster camocarsae Vier., has become established, and a few specirrens were recovered
in 1923 frow the orchard in 'xhich L'Ar,.-,ductions ,7-ere -ade. Tn
-L 4 trees were a-nded in
1924) ti-iis orchard was cut do,,%-n, bu. e-g.h. 0
an orchard aboLt -a quarter of a nile A. est. few Par --sitizpd
worms were found during July, and the number increased durin,- -,-I-e of the sw-,:- er. Of 2 222 .vcrrrs ccl'ect--?d ror P.Lgust
latter -p-rt 7
to October 20, 346 ',,,rere parasitize d, or 15.7 -er cei-it. Fc- r -.*- y
adult -As.co, T.,-:.s-1.er ei--erged d-.,rir.g tilp, S-r!1'-C:1r, the rest hi'Dernatin57.
T'1- ese w-L11 be releasf-d in otx er orc1-arft in the srrin- of 1 25.
SAN JOSE SCpjE (,'ooldiotus nerniciosus Cc rrst.)
Indiana J. J. Davis (October 22): The San Jose sc-ile s tuition -*S _-017
in hand in Indiana. The aLsence of sc--.le on 'LmJ"1- it, t e st--Ite
Fair this year was a aood indicator of ti-,p cond-Ainns found in
the -ield The general use of the oil emulsions -Lnd r,t'-er efl"ective scale controls e-re responsible .L cle anu p as evidenced
by the fact that.orchards not properly treated are heairily infested .,iith tne scale.
IPPLE 11AGGOT (Rha;; oletis poronplla 77als'--)
ew York C. R. Crosby (Septer.ber 29): At Yassena this lnsr.ct v,, ;7 s
FLiECIFE"'IN 711P MITE (Paratetranvchus rilosi-is C. I'- F.)
,ao nne ct. i c A Philip Ga-rr- an (Octooer 24) A-ttacking arple, but seers to be. less
,-wu-ndant than for severr-1 seasons.
17ash.ington E. %-I Neivcc-,er (Seepterber 23): T--iis srecies has ue-n foun in
orchards throu-7 cu-- nr,---tn-ce-tr,7LI -ishington. It Kelo-,,7ra E. C.
a v e r, y s e v c r e im e s t o n v,* as f u nd 17, u s +' 2 0 ir- a -re,-r crc%-,- re.
Predacicus ene ,ies ,'Lpneare. to oe a zni-t in this and the
4nf est:.tion :.-as as severe as it is 4n -une f art",er, sout'
PLLF CURCULIO (.Cbno ra ,h e us r. e -nur ia r bs t
ilew Yo rk C. R. Crosuy (Octo6er 6): Infested -nears received fron Penn Y;F n.
Eight large tr( ; s had z ,r--ctically no ,,ood. fmit.
PLUM CURCULTO (C,,)o_-UracI-eli:s nen22DhIr U~stj)
Georgia. Oliver i. S~p(October 15): A fe s e.icod -generation eggs are
s ti1 Le-ic' conOS 1ited. This is ar unus~l, ly' late record for
C. ne.)!,x- ,r eo-gs in this lo Cal ity (Fo rt 7wal ey)
SAN JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus T~cou ost)
Georgia Oliver I. Snapp (October 15) A *a ority of the gro7,iers in the
Georgia Peach Belt will replace lire-sulphur withk lubricat-ng-oil
emulsion for the dormant s-oray this winter. The einulocicn will be retailed bcy local ranuf acturers at around 25 cents a g-illon. Orn
account of' this low pi:rice very little of the homemade emulsion will
ORIFNTPL PEPCIH 1I0Th (Lasrevres .a niolesta Busck)
Connecticut Phillip Garmian (October 24): Fruit injury reported frcn Fairfield
and !Pew Haven Counties. Mlore abundant thaan any previous year.
1YOTE: The fol''i~ istribution records are the results of l Join~t survey
carried on euigthe past season by the Bureau, of Entomrolo,7y, the
Federal horticultural Board, a .d the State Pariculturui agencies
Virginia Typical injury by Oriental peach iroth was observed at N~orolk, in
the southeastern. corner of this State, and Covington, on the western
North Carolina Posi- -ive evidence of this rest -was found in Alexander, Cata'Tba, TMecklenburg, and R(ake Go unt -es. The s-urvey covered the following Counties without fInding evidence of tkhe pest: Buncombe, Burke, WIatauga,
Guilford,, Ioore, .nd Coiuvmbus Counties.
South Carolina Positive evidence of th-e presence of the Oriental peach noth was
found in Jasrner, Prboeville~ Anderson, Charleston. a-nd SpartarturA:
Count-ies. Tie survey o-Iso covered lik~en and Barnwell Counti-es but
no 'co-it4ive e-r }dnce of the -rwes ence of* the insect ras found in
these tw,,o ccL~nies.
Georgia Positiv2 evidkenc,3 of tnie Orieanta). peach ioth was found in Fulton,
3ios Fousto-:, Csp, Thomnas ,Loxwndes Rio. cn'~ L. r~, ~ih~n, nd Gl-'nn Counties. Thle followingp Couenu2is *vsurv-vcd without results. Morgan, Jasper, Plonfoe,
PIk U'ccon Tvv~h r iip, Cow,,eta, OL-rpoe1, TlMusccgee, Stewart,
Surr ex, ZocLy, and Ter-ell Counties.
F lo rid a Posiltive evidence of the Orie3ntal peach Ploth w~as found in Madison,
~u~'auceCo w b 1 2ker, Ilachua, 1Mcsoau, Dti-al, St. jo-hns, Marion, SiTer,~ Polk, Es caruia, Okc-loosa, Gadsde'n, aid Leon Coun_;es. 11o_ e~viqenc e oi this insect was focund in Putneni, Volusia, Seminole,
Oran~tre-, Eu leboro, aynd Lee Counties.
4 a ci "i jj_) C t_-, frurrl in
7.1a --- r i k eand K i, (-, x ('r,. nt I in soiA,'-ts+-rn
of t le, S-Loat,3.
--s- co of -of-, ,as
T e mies s e e P:)si'ive rf ound in E_ niy Oi Lsc- Tar 1, b 4 Rutherf o rd) Yal, ry, Bcaf j rd L-.-,,;rence '77 n, E T.Ionroe, Lo-uclon; K-lox, Eziblen, Greene, 11Ta--h*Ln,7-4.-on, and Coun -es made in,116li-nn arv f,- J'ed
to show the pi7esence of this insect. 7he Li t.',do
SICate is general.
Ala baj a Positive evi-dencc of the Oriental! pe-lcl, roth %73LS fourd
tciis S-tate,, records be an recejv_ d f7-,--- T'adisrn, C a! h o -_ n J el f e ,- s o 1 e _' L) y a F TIU*-Ier, 7cnt-- iy, F ke, L-e, Escam'uia, a;id ""o-u-ties. r_-a_-7e in 72ld-i.i,
Clarke, Ionrce, "'arenEo, Bullock, 17acon, Cu]!Y -an, Tlor: .-,.r, Ina Liuestclle Co-Un- .ies fa.'li d to 7ive e-ridenco cf t'-.is rc,-It.
Yississippi Adu.lts 1.-iere re- red or typical irJury o*--serl-d in t7r!!, ri-i Ti-sho--ir -o L e e Clay, ,asl ,Counties: Deso .o, 1'arshall, Y
ington, hinbs, Lauderdale, 'Forrest, 1 e.-_l Ti-Lvc r, Yarrison, and
Jackson Cc-,, nti'es Ex,?irinations male A. 1A T, incoln, jores, Ifadison, Ok+1i.-L)elia, Lc-;indes, Teflore, lunf-o-or, a.: d _-Lcorr, Ccunties failed to show evidence of this -post.
Louisiana Ex, ,minaticns 7ade in Caddo, 17eLs-k'-1er, Jefferson, anJ Orlear.s Parishes failedto show evidence of t--'-Ie pr, sf-nce oil t-1-iis pes t 4 Ln TC uis-*ana.
"iss ouri The only exam-Lnaicuions made in th ,s State -er- carried or. in T'cl onald
County ,.,here -Arn4caj. inury of Oriental -Qcac:- mtLth was obcefved.
Arkansas A very cc.,mlete sur-ic-y v:as carried on in '[his State "-nd -ocsitivc
evidence of -U'ne nre ;erce of this pest seencd to be coniined tc the Counties alon.T 1, ae "is3isoirpi '_iiver. Th, follo-:ii,,7 Co,_inties v,,cre found to be ilestod: 7,ississippi, Cross, Ler Phillips, and Desha Counties. 171.at appeared to be 'yr,--',ca-, inj*;u-_-y by this TDost v ,,as observed n Pulaski County in the center of the St,-ite. 7 11 at a- to oe this Insect was colleci-ed in Fentonvi-L-le, in ti-io ncrthwest e ria cc, :"nor ol -the State, but up to the ti:- e of ti- .e roth ,,ad no" been reared. A survey carried on in Carroll, 7 c c) ne N1 e -,-: t r, n T as 1,n
Wash4ngton, Crxxford I oh-isc n, ?clk Searcy,
1. Pilv e Dallas,
Garle-nd, Sevier, Clar y
Bradle17 Ouaci-,ita, hlenpstead Ilille7 Pore, T -2 1- 9 2 ,f yo 'e,
Union, Dre, ,, ;,S",I( :, Chi cot t St. 7mncis, Jac ,;(,n, and C z, h e ad Counties 1"ailed to sho%,., evidence of t,-e -)reserce of this i-.sect.
lexas A survey c_=fed on in tho nrrt"-eastern cern(,r of t1his "-ate, cov: ring 1'arion, 11 .rr Lson, hienderson.Cherokee, Anderson, Sr, itl-_, -trd kins Counties faiiod to sho--,., evidence cf the presence. of this insect.
Geor-ia Oliver I. SniT-,p (Octouer 15): Pe, ch borer no.hs are on the wing
unusually -IaTe in ti-.e C( wnrgiCl. P, acl, '. elt th*s ye-ar. T any are just nu,': ererE;ing. An excessive rrii..-fail and lo-;v, temperatures during Septemu e r are factors re s-lonsible for the late ern6r,-7ence this year. Ve ath,, r conditions durinc- the last week ha-ve been ideal for pu-ti- g out pa.adichlorobenzene. !,Iany growe-s liave taken udvantap,,e of these conditions for gassing thei--- trees.
Iilinois S. C. Chandler K october 9): 111oth traps and orchard e-,,,,-i-inations
show a rather late hatch of wom-s in the latitude of Car'Condale.
-oentaona Tarp-,.) 7EST TNI-)IPN PFACH qC;,-LE (Aulacp-s-ois -Louis iai,.a F, K. PI iink ard as s I s t, .nts (S ert enbe r 25 T1jiS scale i.lmpears to be considerably less abundant than last ye, Lr, &,Lnd only locally distributedv at xev r Orleans.
GREF11T PEY"CH PP.'(i'TT-) ( !yzus nersicae Sulz.
1"Fis cQ nsin S. B. Fracker (SeAemuer): A heav flight of f-ill r-,i.-rayits occurred in Da-ne County, Octouer 8 to 16.
PL LT T
SY077Y TRFF-CRIC ,FT (Oecanthus niveus DeG.)
Idaho T.'onthly Let"er of Bureau of Ento,,,olony No. 12,, (Aui ,-.St): F A.
Yo-4--hers cl* the YakimaWashirzton, Ja6oratory, was in soutlleiil
I&-ho Pugust 11 to 13, at the req..'est, of Prof .-11. Dean, Director of Plant IndusTiy for Idaho, iv.,vestigatirg a serious outbrPak of the sno--vy.trea-cricket, vhich as injuring prunes.
PL'6F CIRCULIC (fonotrach jus renu-,-)har hibst.) 1,7 ro I-is, if, S. -n. Frac,,'e.er (Supttruer): Reprrtcd fron, Ccltz bi,-, ai-id"Prlae ccuntips a-* A --Ickillg
k _y- o.e r, ?)anch
Ohic h. O Goss r(ll fkoct -,L)er 1 I): This insect wa's receiv(-.d on Octouer 1
fror E S on t -Z, 4 .1 o la F, rat e
PFC ,N CTUCJ',P\ (Haplortilia carvaefolie'lla Cler-.,.)
A l a bar a 1". Y, Pla,-A Oct-ooor 10): In this re ,ion, C-ra-nd 2ay, overlarvac Are, very a,:,t:ndan'6 aucut buds and twi'-s. Conditions poiJA tc LL severe irfectation of this snecies fiere next spring .
DIFFEPJ_,!,17I,'j,, CTR1LSQhOPPFR Clelancnjus diiferent4--aiis Thos.)
Texas A. I. Fauis \Se--tember 24): !. elanoplus differentials Thos. is
very dest Lic-,iv,3 tc peca. -.s aloii,7 Co-lora,,ic RJ.-ver, Pecan 'Payou, and
Conches. Tl,,---,r fed extersivel-, or, pecan nuts dl,)rj-n7 July
and lugust and defoliated trees during September. Defoliation
during last season caused shrin'1-.aL7e of kernels and rendered crops
from infested, trees -, .-r,,,arhetable.
LIT7LE hICY071Y PPH1D 'I'onellia canella pitch)
Texas A. I. Fabis (September 24): Very in4uricuc on pecan trees a,
Bro,:,-n-!ood ,hich -j!-ere sprayed -.,ith arsenicals d-oring the swmr-er
rare on unsprayed tree,.,-.
PEC_11' JE. ,T C, pP7, ebulella Piley)
Texas A. I. Fablis (Se-ter ,oer Warvae vere found abundant on native
pecan timoar alonv t ,e 1-.ec,,dwaters of the South Llano River. This
insect does n-It cccur nor',41 cf ,at section.
PE C.," E ',,IT (1-crobasis hebescelia 1*ulst)
fc. -t-,cer 24): Infestation by the second generation Texas A. i. Facis \-e-. ...
was very 13 .,A -Locally, oot rore abundant in San Saoa and southward.
CITRUS 1 7D SUBTrOYDICI'L 7TTITS
FLOPIDP ZD qC.,AJ,E fl -I)S AS ,Tn.)
ank and ;,s s 4 s t, nt c- T! e a,
Louisiana h. K. PIL _,rt ,3ze of' last -anL ar;
0 r i e L- ..Is Y -,, I 2 n n e, r at u r P -e t( t- oboist 180 to 19or
early ai,. p ),rts of cit-, nraciically eradicated 'his scale
or, clant-s C- Irc --L_-.7_ o-ut of dcors- to date. ,,ie ] ave 'op(-n able tc
in'-, C) -, ly a lex scales. On host plants grc,.-:i,,g indoors it conL Yh.'_s insect is
,inues to be a pes- of corsJderac i, i_7- ,ortance.
at t L r cd.-1,11,_ icc-nur C ro $ Ci, _.s s-OP -,ustrwn s,11 p., and
nL!T" e 11 CIU.S nL, rs rz: r7.- and t-, i o,,,,s e p 1, nt s
DI C nO S PFT- r L S C ILF Ch r-,- c._an h alu s d I ct q s -o e rr i r
Louis ia .,a h K P 1 aik and as s i s t ar- s ( S ep t ern b e r 2 5 0,,,in7, largely to the
freeze of last _;, nuary, -,,ihen t lle t temperaturee ,Tpnt to absut 1EI to
i9OF in nearly ail parts of tne City of 1,1*e7-- Orle.ins, t".is scale
is very scarce exCe-rt in very fe ,; a:f-,:-)arcr.tlv sl-elt _,red locations.
Some parasites 1-av, been noted gain -?is ),e,.tr, Out t'lleir 'Trrk at
is inconsid -0 .11s lrsec is attacking Cinn rorum
reco cn4 er. le- Tl
and Fi, u
Louis iana H-. Y. Plank anid assistants: Red spiders have been very aoundant
at Ne-vi Orleans and vicinity this season, and particularly in~jurious to urr s~s ss-pe.-vi::ers yidls Citrii s p-P., and arborvitae. Tese Lfestatiors were mnuc'a au-r enter0 by the hot, dry -,.;eather
which prevailed in this general locality throughoutA the sixrmer.
GLOVRS SEC.PLE 7Li1fsbhs verii Pack.)
c-Ls iiaia AL. Y. Blariik (And assist-ais 1(Augs .30): On trees unsprayed since astesason at Y7iliswood and on somre unsnraired since JulIy of this year, this scale nas increased considerably, bout is stil1 Cornpara-tively scarce. The freeze of 'Last january, when the a marature
went to aocuot 160F., is vc ry iaijely responsible for the marked decrease lionL last yeal. This insect is attacking Citrus spp.
C IPAF l-L CALE (Palton ne d ii Const.)
Louisiana H. K. Flank ai-d ussytaL: (~s t 3 C,) On trees unsr:-ayed since
the f ail of 11 23, ald on, sore ursry since July tis yar,
th'-is scc-,e .,-ts iincreased cornsiler-tlv, but is still cor.-paratively
scarce, The roeof last, J~na-y, 7cK,'en trie temperature went to about 161F., is ve.-y largely res-oonsible for -the marked decrease front' last year. This irzsect is attacking, Citrus s-p.
Wisconsin So B. Fracker (Septe-nber): Reported from Mmnitowoc and Uanpaca
Counties on dill.
GA42DE-N SJLTG ( friotnax a~restis L.) Ohio H. A,~ goscard (October 21): 'i-e have haul a good many iquiries
for the control of garden slugs during the past mon~h.
Indiana J, J. Davis (October 22): Garden slugs seem to be quite common
in gardens the past two weeks in several sections of thie St-ate
as far south as Indianaoolis. Vegetable garden plants are
PCITATO "ILD TOII12O
POT.ATO BEETLE (ILeptinotarsa decemlineata Say) Wiiconsin S. B. Fracker (September): Reported from the follo-,v in4 counties:
Ashland, Chippew7a, Manitowoc, Oneida, Sawyer, Was-bburn, and
LE.-1&FFPE'KS (Jass idaq)
Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (September): Reported from Dane, Oneida, and
I14PORTED CiBGZ T?'m (Hellula undalis Fab.) Mississippi M. 14. High (October 3): The imported cabbage 7,7b'vorm. is casing
considerable injury to turnip, mustard, etc., and is receiving
Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (September): Reported from Arihland and Chippewa
MEXICMi BEANT B aT" fEril achna icorrupta Mu). s.) Pennsylvania Neale F, lHow-ari (October 24): 'The Me:':ican bear. beetle was
re-ocxrto'd un Se2Lcr12-c.- c, from Bez.ver Ccuny, on,, cuunty. north of
the ~er~yin this State recorded in the last number of the
S1ux-'ey Bull etin.
North Carolina T7eale F. Ho-ard (October 2)4): The most recent re-ports indicate
that. the p~est has been found in Surry, Yadkin, Catawba,and
West Virginia 11eple F. Ho-arr (' cr_,be 24): The nest was repo.,'teJ. during' early
September fa:om thu, rQi ther_tho~t part of the State, havt-ig. been
found. in Ohio and Haacock Count ies.
%,-Iio Neale F. Yo'r1_ (October 24): In Ohio -rract ically the entire State
is now infested with the excep-'ioi of the northwestern tw~o tiers
of counties extending from Erie County westward.
Al.abamna Neale F, Ho*.-ard (October 24~): iaong the southern border a_ 'very
sligh t spread is le~ inr, reported in this State, in no case being
more than one county beyond the territory-infested in 1921.
New Mexico J. R. Douglas (October 19): The fir st bean beetles were observed
in fall migration up the Glovers Caniyon on~ Septdrber 5 abcut 10
a.m,. There was very little or no rind blowing- in the canyon at tha
titne. There were large numbers of, beetles in the Glover fi11eld. on
the 10th znd 12th of September,, the beans 7were harvested on the 16th and 17th, a~nd on the 25t.1 thore we:re only a few stragling
beetles found in the field on liorse iiet .e and. Caradian thistles.
A ROOT "MID (Tycea sp.7)
Nebraska M,. H. Swenk (September): From Franklin, County vie received a
report of a root4 aphid, attacking bush 'beans, that w~e have not
identif ied emrct)v -bat that are believed to be a species of Tychea.
PEA APHID (Ill ino ia piiKalt.)
Virg inia Flrbert Spencer (October 19): Thring,7 the past week we have had
complaints of" intf estations of ppa Ephf.ds on fall FnEglish p-.as at
Hlorf olk. The-m na,:-ty of the c mr affected are ps:ng 3 per
cent of nicotine, dust. A few are spraying w7ith nicotine sulphate
and soap sproey,
17i sconsin S~ D.1racke-. (-e-c&:ernbr;' Reported from Columbia, Rain Claij:re,
and LaCrosse Counties, aLtaoki,,*- peas.
S~IP CU~T3~h~ B~L2L(Diabrot ica vittatc, Fab,)
'Jisconsin S. B. cracker (Seputcmber): Pep-rted from Adam-,~, Ashland,
Columbia, Dodge, Jack~on, Manicovioc, and Tvinnebaga Counties.
A-1 A2HLD (~hsabbr:eviata Patch)
!Te7% York C, R,, 3 oiby (s5,ntcrr-bo 23): Vicre are riany,, more of these than
I evcr sa, bc f,_-c c ich probably y tacc2unts for an increase in
the zxnount of celery rrn(sa-ic over 'pi'evious seasons.
'Wisconsin S. B. Pracker (September) Reported f rom. M,,-)nitavvoc County
O U: T H R N F E L D C. R 0 P 1 11 S E C T S
B OLIL 0 7EVIL (Anthonomvs rrandis Boh,,
GENMAL Geo, A., T)Sil-oney (October 16): on a Tecent ttip nadc 7ith a
STAM METT co,-Z-ittee of 'the CotIton Goiancil of ',he SxatIle, -n
Workers from Soptan'bur 2 o Octobu 1, 1 fou,", con- ,J.tjons
favorable for weevil, multij)lication and a prol eble ra- he,large, number t o -o i nto hibcrnntion at Florence and Hartsville, S. C.*,valdosta. Ga., Ga!.ncs ,ille, Fla. and Ala. !,ai-is
ware frequent In these Dcalities ailing the haif of
Septc-nber Tit-A cf:)tt:* M ixv- po1uc- tentiful of la squares. Weev .1 punctu: ,es of late- ;et bolls v.cre fa4r*j.y
numer ou s at t1ic-se points.
CCTTOIT LES70RM 1rcn,,"
Ill ino is W. P, F1 In t 0-tober 'CLO) 9"he fJ-rs,;; t-11.'me f*c-- t7o years no
e, )cer o !at 2n mo:-h -1: aF)s
a-'U U2-1-1c. Aa, onc ha,- tai--en in
-,).h Lr7ii-)s at o-:" s,-ocimens -f
th-,.S MoLrl are 111 '%- rars befol-e fall.
-,--,,h-s o')s,) 0a Fab,)
Illinois S, 0, Chan 8"!
c. r cpnt of bo"Is is Is. ti-ils .nse-*G has b,: c--q noted
on covLon s" nce the i-c',n-vtA of cotton th-ee yea-s a.-o.
CTT017 :D SIFID=Illinois S. C, C',Iayieer (se-ove-l"Jer 2' : ld, -ht infestatiQ.T-i of re.!-oily of ( airo., Smail pat";1leskilleclsp:lev in ihe vic.I
( TrC -1)4 ICI.
s Q Q n s 3' 1 B, Fr2cl:er 'Reportee -rom Vernnn County
SUGAR CANE EGRER DL traea saccharalis Fab.)
Louisiana T* E. Holloway and W. E. Haley (October 28): Our field
examinations, which so far cover only a small portion of the sugar parishes, indicate that the borer damage started late,
after the cold winter, and did not reach its usual proportions.
In fact, on the more northern plantations, the damage is
often very low. A comparatively high infestation has been
traced to the planting of very badly bored seed cane.
LESSER CORN STALXK-BORER (asmopalraus lignosellus Zell.)
Porto Rice A. H. Rosenfeld (September 29): Crop damaged 1 per cent. The
Assistant Entomologist of the Insular Experiment Station
mentioned this damage to me early in the month, which we both
thought was being caused by a crambid. He has just returned
from another trip to Villalba and tells me that the insect
is Elasmopalpus lignosellus. There is no recent reference to
this species in Porto Rico, Wolcott in his check list (Journal
P. R. Dept, Agr. VII-l, p. 199) mentioning it as having beea reported a generation or more ago by Moschler and Gundlach.
FOREST AND SHADE-TREE INSECTS
GIPSY MOTH (Forthetria dispar L,,)
GENERAL John N. Sitnmers (September 1,1923-September }924): There was a
general infestation over all of the older infested territory
in New England. Thile the major portion of it was not infested
sufficiently to cause much defoliation, there were a few sections
which had localized heavy infestations. A number of towns in
Maine extending westward from Sebago Lake and a few in the same
general section over the New Hampshire line, had numerous
small areas ranging from a few trees to several acres where the
defoliation by gipsy moth larvae was quite pronounced. Towns immediately around Lake Winnepesaukee in New Hampshire to the
north and west had small areas of heavy defoliation
In Massachusetts a few towns in the vicinity of Taunton and a
few in the vicinity of Buzzardts Bay had areas of greater or
less extent which were defoliated.
In New Jersey the infested area was reduced considerably. Both
the number of colonies and the number of egg clusters found were
less than the year before,
Since the larval season one colony of quite a number of egg
clusters was located by Canaiiahi officials at Lacolle, Quebec, a
short distance over the line from ALburgh, Vorimont,
Federal contrirol work was confined to the "barrier zone', in
western New England and eastern New York. All infestations where
any egg clusters -ere found rere treated and sprayed thoroughly
together with a protective area around each.
The area quarantined for this insect has been extended considerably.
a:-Id. a f E, W in "P77
niufocr of new v7rs 7ere al.ftc(I I.n 1 ,
and. LiIL C)f '10 171077
under a-ua-,-ant cf
a r e a s t 1, a e I ad-dz-H. are i-ici, j.Lfes*,- ri -7 i- n, 2 y
moth b,,t they have been irr3-i)ded in 'Uhe gcaera',L quarar.Cii ,a
as a ireasu :e,
New Jersey H. B, Weiss !Ti, J, Le-o"'. C* li-c,, N), Ji-7--',, .l,ej, I j6he
gipsy motli was fir ,,,t d2.sc ;ve:,7ed in- New J rsey -.I.n 1920 i'u- 7as
found, af'.-er prallinInaicy to (-,ccur ver can are-- oir,
about 100 square rai.7es, After the f.-(.rst yeazvs sco-c tjiig t.,e
area was fcu-ud to be aj,)jYrrx4r.r-a-'U-(-ly 400 square miles. In -Cnis area, 955 co.tonies, totaling( over ',000,0C0 egg rn sszs. -e-i-e
found and destro.y-ed. thz first- year 's and
spraying worIc had been done, the territory ;as aa.: 'a-)-a cc cut e 0.
and 21/0 colo:aies, totaling 900 e ;- macEesv7ere h, e
i f e s t o d ar e a c u I -- t 1 nu e d 'W o 2 P L a i. L a t a y x s,:17u a a .1 coif n- es,
'les. I fter -'U-v,,o -%7ea-,-G of ea'-prmi
M-, Maticn :v,).
totaling 1,,192 e.,-g masses, were f'o-cTd wh-* ch then occupy d bout
251 svare M--Les. .ftef -'-hree v-ais, of
a scoLitin.,- of Vie terr-'Lto-.--y in -f-Jrld2,ng )43 C )! On4esLi I .' ry haf been
totalJ-1,, 727 eg- ';nfcs, c- -j. lo
reduced to lass thap. 200 r"i S, ,
BT-IT; tTL M 10- 41 1'1
T- TorT (7 Tr-c i,; el rysoi- irca L,)
GIMERAL John N., Summers (Septetmbev 1,192-1-Sep' ember Thcre 7as
probably a light infestati-( n ever uhe ent .re infested area. As in previous reports Che a ,ea Ye Fam-o hir-- and
s ,u'her, 1 !aine. 7as heavj.lv infco'.cd. dC-'-O"L-Latj-r)n .7as
n(;'-cd i.n a:o-o'-Ae ovch--ards in tI.is area n,,
LI -- ) -, e-,,Tere ing was
rbsorved -.-a the A rerortG ha7.re -D sri received
fa-,rly heavy infesta'-,-J-o11, -bi-t :[ -jm sFsrA7 rated
0 C -a S
rif, cha: --e -.r Ih.e :).c The
f- ni -o 'Le i.-Ze,.;ued and h-s b u e n ad,-I d t o t h o o.a z i. :Ii a a
Tj4 11 C- 1-* -t sa" ir
Y Slnnrier s "j-'e-o'C' e,--ub Pr 1 .1 92*3- -,'---pt am Lier I P e--, r t s
d( y f It i's
ari somE, 2(:7 had
t. r he ----.-y -rj sta-'U Ljn- 77-'L'Ch dc,f,)" 'xion.
hao tce-,A zorn= ex*,- ,n ijrjn Jn the infe-Led area a
'17:e-:7 a-ad a xtensi jr
One Deiinis, -)p Ca-a C,--,d, has
a,-,,,- Uccii f(-,r-nd 'U(j be ii).fested,
-a 1-,a-r r
Massachusetts A, P. IAOYi5e (Or; %- ober 2()--210. r-I Au er rnot% in 'gr e at
-^I c III L "C',
L"LlICCI's -c-ing 1-o liflit3 Lt Sa*iem ( (.Ober 2,,-a ,
.k, T, B, -ur,,,e '0c',-,)ber 24) one pcin.t )f interest is a f*.A_4-ht of T inte:- J -J S
b (-, e-i not( d In -7,,r 'l-lic E ,-i e ek
-)r day t ,,T a s a, 7 -P--, c! i i I y a' i s, h e t h Ji- ,Lrijo-Iiate -17icini, er s t h, ori P v r a -.t C,? ob e r J21 i, -he-fi t I a e ,n,) t' i s 7i7cre verr nl, ar Or ai-u).-n6. otx ,-ctliE'nts, rorch lir Rc-rl:)rts rhich have coiie in to 10r. and. myself ar! cbSer,7atic-ris
V7114011 We have been ab!E to n) !:e that th'is flight r s _. P -,ra'
Ta ulpaienialy ve-cy 6c;n,- over the S'at.:., To what at-:n.,-ian'U in ot'ner oe--Ui.oii.s UI,_a i heTe in the Vall ,,,y I ara unable to state.
0 onn ec t i cut J, t., Rogers 2-0- AcIlilt m,, Ihs very abindary U
arc-aiid street thr-ughout the suction a1-o-o,,7d
Bridgeport and Xv,v Have-n,
New York E, P,, Felt (October 23), The lime-tree winter moth has
attract ,d =.ch attention during the la,.t 1C d-ays or thereabo-ats ov:-,ng to the ap, _L
appearancee of mil' ions of moths al- 1 ir y frorn a'. least hingst :.n. north
U _hts in the Y udson Vallei to Glens Falls and Warr Pz M)!-g, arc! also 'M the icoth.i.11a of the ildirondacks. The mot'I'Is iotl only freqveiitea the lights of c-ties and villages b):L'- were so Fererally p.-evalent as to be noted abou .- dwellin-s- in co-ujatry districts and even by autoists travelling upon the highway,
WHI1SMAR=5D TUS..'OCK MOTH leyc_ stirma S, & A.)
Ohio Herbert Osborn (I")ctober 1-1) Vne 77hite-marked t- 2ttock moth
has "oeen qoJ.te at ar. -i.njuries to
apple, elm, ax.d other trees 1-_,a-ve been noti-ced.
Nebraska 14, H, 3,,7enk (SeptElrdber ) : llie vhit e-n3arked tussock m ath
has been mcr.-c t"hff., ordina-ily nwier ,v.s in the. c-had, trees and shrubs of Linco"U., and ut"Ier cities in eastern Nebraska) I ion that
-this be-'Mg p&ctici)larly true of the genc-ra. developA. lar, ely during the month of September.
rALL *TIEF 70RM (L7y-L nkxia riine,- Drury)
Connecticut W, Z. Britton (October 24): Have gone over the State and
made observations. Welbworms are abundant on rchar0_ and Woodl and trees in New London C,,;anty, Less throughout the State exce- t. in NeT London County.
New jersey P, B,; T.,),L.t I,*(I'--i;r7)e,-,- i) .1.(,s and arborvitae are
&,most defol'-a-ed a-'- LI ton,
Zensas J. W, MicCc.11ncli (0 _-tober 17),
I Popo--ts of bagworm injury to oth,--,r evcrqil nj cunt, _nuo tr) come -in. Sime
that their -iixees are cc,-apletcly defoliated a-nd are covered ,7ith I;ags.
New York P. J. Cba:oman (Octcbe-,:' 7) Infestea t7figs received from
Sea Cliff, Lung Island,
Li -L Lugg er
ASH. BORER Podose-iia, fraxin'
Nebraska IM. LT. Swenk (September).- Informaticn -,as received the
second .7eek in September o-f the killing out of a gfove
of ash trees in Cherry County by the ash sesi--Id borcr,,
B I-R CH
BMCH-LE. F S-X=E,TONI.7ER (jacculatrix canadersisella C;hamb,)
Nerr York E. P. Felt (Oct, :ber 23" rChe lirch-I eaf skeletonizer has
not 'been abundantv in thiss .'*P.a,-'L-- e:,.CO-pt for a little, quite
restricted defoliation on the sand -plaiiis wes' c 'This
is iin marked- cc n Urqst to conditions reported even as near by as the eas'wer.i slopes of the L_ E4!Rj:j
BI-qKH-LEA:,'--I,4I',,T=, (Ze n sa Ki vg
NeT7 York Z. P. Felt (Octc-ber 23): The rie-ly in.trurluced birch leaT".miner,
Zenusa purila Ylug, appears to be generally eotabli.shed in the
eastern part of the Sta-'6e, north at least to the vicinity of
Glens Falls and along the D. & H, Railroad T,-,est to J3InChar.AVon.
There were large aroas of sr,2 -out birch in the vicin".ty of
Sa:r-a*- oga 77-Ith the young leaves very generally bro,-7-n -,d as a res-ult of -*,-,he 7c-Lk of' 'Ghis Lisect- 5:here apj)ears 'uj be an
extended bre .ng season.
CAT-IREMP LFRI'PS (Cy'7/7,--othr5:Qs floridensis Watsorl)
Zouisiana H. K. Plant (Sc-,)"Geriber 6): Well distriluued in camyhor F" a d causinI S ill tI-a vicinilly of Goodbee., alu lda-.lt, -o coils Jnjiiry in many case s. Crop damaged abcut 55 per
c e -.1 2 3') Generally distrilguteC Ovc,r Ne,7 Orleans
and vic-inity -I-)ut in 4-,I-r i CI-IS on-ty in 3(. at*W-_red locations,
A O."c'hu' increase over I.azt p,Iri h and damage )f about 30 per
MIV' 30-11IR (I,-,a ,:)erda tridentata Cliv.) Nebraska LT. H. (SP-o'-om-Jer' Thc us-aal namle- of r 7
I _U ports of injury
tri elm and pop2ar trees by this specie;3 were received during
LARCH S.IJFLY (Ne-tus erichsonii Hartig)
Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (September): Reported from Manitowoc attacking
LOCUST LEF-MINER (Chal epus dorsalis Thunb.)
Ne7 Jersey R. Bo Lott (October 11): The pest is doing considerable damage
to black locust near Plainfield, and was also noted at Red Bank,
Bridgeton, Vineland, and Camden.
YEST --N-PINE BEETLE (Dendroctonus brevicomis Lec.)
California and F. C. Craighead (October 2S): This pest has shown marked
Cregon increase in numbers throughout the greater part of the forested
region of California and Oregon, and in many forests where
it was endemic last year it is now epidemic.
PINE NOCTUID (Panolis griseovarieata Goeze)
Germany S. S. Crossman (October 16): Speaking of the devastated
forests in Brandenburg and West Prussia- particularly the pines,
I wish to state that while I was traveling from the Polish
frontier toward Berlin for two hours after leaving the Polish
frontier we passed through a pine area which was almost 100
per cent defoliated. I was, of course, on a train at this
time and was unable to see any of the insects which were causing
the injury. I asked several entomologists in Berlin if they
knew the insect which was causing the damage and they told me
it waa Panolis gliseovarierata Goeze. Of court so, I am not
positive that this is the species which caused the damage, not
having seen it myself, but I know this insect is at times a
serious enemy of pine in Europe.
A S JFLY (Lophyrus pini L.)
Poland So S. Crossman (October 16), In the southern part of Poland
this year there was severe feeding on pine by this insect and
I understand that this insect is quite often very serious.
NUN MOTH (jymantria monacha L.)
Germany Sd S. Crossmany (October 16): In 1922 I saw very large areas
cf pine stripped near Breslau and generally over southeastern
Germany by Udie nonne (L. monacha L.) and "as told that the
year before it was very bad over mbst of Bohemia.
PINE-SHOOT MOTH (Evebria frustrana bushnelli Busck)
Kansas J. W. McColloch (October 17): Larvae of this species were
received from Tyro, Montgomery County, with the information
that they were seriously injuring pine trees in that vicinity.
A MOTH (Ocnerostoma piniariella Zeller)
New York WJ. T. H1. Forbes (July 13): Caught in some numbers at trap
for the past week at Ithaca. Not recorded from United States
but specimens were taken by Prof. J. H. Comstock here in
IS2. (listed by Otto Nisslin (Leitsaden der Forstinsektenkunde)
as a leaf-miner on pine and sometimes injurious J.A.H.)
OYSTER-SHELL SCALE (Lepidosaphes ulmi L.)
Ohio E. W. Mendenhall (October 10): The Carolina poplar trees,
used as street trees at Sidney, are badly infested with the oyster-shell scale and some of them are dying with the pest.
POPLAR BORE. (Saperda calcarata Say)
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (September): The usual number of reports of
injury to elm and poplar trees by this species were received
during the month.
ELM SAFLY (jCimbex americana Leach)
New York P. J. Chapman (O2tober 10): Specimens received from
Jamestown, Found in great numbers on -il]ow.
INSECTS ATTACKING GREENHOUSE
AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTS
A MYRIOPOD (Scutigerella immaculata Newp.)
Indiana Jo J, Davis (October 22): The small, white hothouse myriopod
Scuierella inmmaculata Newp., determined by Mr. Chamberlin, was first reported to us last January as damaging lettuce in
greenhouses. It again made its appearance in at least two lettuce houses in the State, in one of which the damage is severe. The animals occur especially where animal manure
is used freely and where there is an abundance of moisture.
They gnaw the roots of the tender seedling lettuce plants
sc.-cm -ti-qnsrLartin". n. the bDOs, caLising the ol.7.nts Lo
V-ilt '01' LiJ-ury to raa-.*,-s1-ics vas also
noticed ant. of dcors in qc.Les r i v el, t i I i z ed. In this
same area the r, dishcsi 1;'7rhich 7ere mature 71i en examined t*,vo weeks
e, s h o,,7--jd nj -,ry to, t ho -A ")f ny hol e s nt a the r o ot
almost certainly' t'he vror'L : o L' t1i is L
R ;his mLid4-radi-is Forbes)
'G r is
11-70cOhio Goszar( -(oct 3ber ne cora- root'a.phj.d Tas received
'cn -l'ic C'9 i: o ra 3 a cy,- u- s o h -s-cer -P.nd on Oct'ober 17 from
EU01 -T 117 S SUC .LE sn 4-S euonym Coms t
JTe'7 York J, Chapman (OctGber 12): Stems of E-ao1j:Cnja viaetus are
thickly, covered with this sc8le at Katonah.
Chio lfjrb t (Octcbe'r 11) ';ir e7.-iorills-- have been reported injuring
ir i s at Va::i 171 U'r t.
Indiana J. J, Davis (October 22 W ix e-7 c, t m-s 17erc received October 6
from Van Ohio; 71ne;,e thty fere severely attacking cultivated
0 T F E T I M A N
I IT -S -S _S
T D D 0 H E S T I C i N I M A L S
FUA,1_N FL.1k (Pulex irritants L.
G71171 Llj F. 0. (Sept&nber 30): These f1dag 7ere reported as causing
STDzi.TZ1,FZ2 4" annoyancene t,o farmers in several insta-aces in Ohio, ii1inois, -and
CjAT lD 110G TZA ( tenocenhalus fe) is Bouche land canis C"Ztis)
G L Fb C. B".qh(,pi? (Sapt, mqber '70) 1,1e. ny. i2ifestaf'jions of households
Tr-17 ?i:e reported in the 4tlantic Coast States and
IT by theso species %7
also dn n,)rt'ier-1 T e xa s.
Texas F. C. Bishopp (October 25): Tbroughout the late sru.mmer and
fall considerable trouble has been experienced in various parts of the United States due to the infestation of houses and dog kennels 7ith fleas. The use of creosote oil as a
control measure is becoming uore general.
SD)DLE-BACK T-RPIL--R (Sibine stimulea Clem.)
Indiana J. J. Davis (October 22): The saddle-back caterpillar was
received September 23 and 24 from two localities in southern
Indiana. In one instance contact with the caterpillars caused
considerable s-elling on the arm of a man, with re5ulting
.BLACK HORSE-FLY (Tabanus atratus Fab.)
GENERAL F. C. Bidhopp (September 30): Specimens of this fly were
STATMENT observed to be attacking cattle and horses in several of the
Gulf States. In the vicinity of North Shore, Miss, as many
as 5 or 6 flies were present per animal.
A .CRS -FLY (Tabanus lineola Fab.)
GENERAL F. C. Biihopp (September 30): This species was found to be
STATEMENT seriously an:ioying to livestock pastured near sw ampy areas
in the vicinity of Hacksonville, Fla., on September 1 and at
certain other points near the Gulf CoEst in Louisiana,
Mississippi, and Alabama. The number per animal in the worst
infested herds ranged from 2 to 50.
HORSE BOTS (astrophilus inestinalis De., ., nasalis L.
and ,. haemorr-'hodai s L.)
Texas F. C. Bishopp (September 30): Although G. intestinalis and r.
nasalis appeared unusually early in the summer in the vicinity
of Pa.las, they have not been much in evidence recently. A
few flies were found to be attacking horses in September.
(October 25): The common horse bot-flies were fairly abundant
in the vicinity of Dallas during October. Some annoyance 1-as
produced by the cviposition of flies on work horses. The
throat bot-fly was about normal in numbers during. October in the
vicinity of Dailas. "Tork animals were decidedly annoyed by
its at tahts.
GE7E- L F. G Q ishopp (Oct.ober 25): Considerable irterest is being
ST ZELN shown in the treatment of horses with carbon disulphide in
various parts of the north-central States, particularly in
M"innesota, Iowa, North Dakota, and South Dakota. This interest
is being stimulated by commercial companies who are selling
carbon disulpnide capsules,
SCREORMI (Cromya macell ar ia Fab.)
Texas F- C. EishoPp (September 30): Owing to the hot, dry weather
which has prevailed throughout the Southwest most of the summer
and fall, little damage has been experienced by stockmen from
the screworm. Showers falling in September may cause sufficient
increase in the fly number to result in infestations of sheep
following shearing, xihich will be in full sway about October 10.
"October 25): Scrcwworm cases in southwestern Texas during October have been much less abundant than normal. Although some sheep and goats were infested after shearing,the cases
7ere usually light and healed after a single treatment.
At 7orth packing houses on this date flies are fairly
numerous and are giving some trouble trying to get indoors on
account of cool nights. The proportion of the species is about
as follows: C. macellaria 45 per cent, LM. domestica L. 47 per
cent, P. retina Meig. 7 per cent, and Lucilia sericata Meig.
and other species 1 per cent.
HORN' MY (Haematobia irritans L.)
GEERL F. C. Bishopp (September 30): Durizg the latter part of
STHET September horn flies increased decidedly in number in various
parts of Texas, owing to a cessation of the hot, dry weather which
had held the pest closely in check during the summer, At
Dallas on September 25 the number of flies per animal ranged
from 25 to 2,500 e.nd dairymen were beginning ti cmplain of the
worry produced among their cattle.
Comparatively few horn flies were present on livestock in
northern Florida and southern Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana on September 4 to 11, The usual dry weather
of the late summer is undoubtedly responsible for .is
Texas F. C. Bishopp (October 25): Horn flies have decreased in
numbers during the last few days. During the first twe-thirds
of the month they were abeuot normal in abundance and their
annoyance combined with that of the stable fly seriously
affected milk production in dairies in north-central Texas.
STABLE FLY (Stomoxys calcitrans L.)
GNERIAL F. C. Bishop (September 30): September 5 to 11, with the
STATEM~ exception of a small area In southem Mississippi near Biloxi,
stable flies xere causing little annoyance to livestock along
the high-ay from Jacksonville, Fla., to Houston, Tex. Near Biloxi cattle were observed to be infested with from 25,to
several hundred flies each.
In the vicinity of Dallas, Texas, up to September 25,stable
flies had not materially increased in numbers, the average
nuriber per animal ranging from none to about 30. Teams breaking
stubble land are not experiencing the amount of annoyance usual
for this time of the year.
Tezas F, C,: 3Bc6hcpll (0'7ctober --5 h-'n the* eQ~; f~~ 1ies
have bemn !~~csr~n ana-my_=,oca to I ~v~cJ~V7,1'Ous
Parts of -'>,r 11" a:.d cen*.-rai c* xe Pe;:.I SCe!1 to
t> ~oc: ..ccali t'h-e su',f77 e oa-.e
2'~Zor fSCL r'IMS a l r'_e ._in Che vi-; of Pia~ S euo"-r oe a uera s Cc 1- 5 Per cent
to 10 per cent in inlk production.
OX Th23 (,:r sderma IietuiI- V u.
Texas F. C. 3ishop7 (September 30)- 14 0. Parman re-,)rts the findih,.,
of 'ate fifith-stage larvae of this species iTi 'Che z~iae
tissues on the backs of cattle on Se#-L-6ember 5, T's% -ndicates that the larvae first anPpeared on the backs of the cat-t..e tGhis year about August 15, which is one of the earliest reccrCs for
INSECT S INFESTING~ HOUSES
.AITD P R E 1 1IS S
YBLL~i-F.,OMS,,UITO (Aedes f=LtI L.)
Texas F. C. Bishoapp (Sep'tember 30): These mosquitoes are ]present in
about the usual nunmbe-s in the vicinity of Dallas. :To cases of
dengue have been -reported to this laboratory. (Qctobor 2)
Yellvr7-f ever mosqui-toes, 7ere fully as ab-andant as noimal fo)r this time of the year (October), A fe-vr cases of den u7 fever were reported from dif feren't- places in Texas dur ixg t1-he .,i(nthj
The first a coparance being in the latter i,-Prt of Septernb~r The
;%ello~vf ever scare '-hich came from the diagnosis of a cacp -of the disease in Hous-csn has subsided completely, since th I-]as 'been
no spread of the malady r~hatever.
HOUS2, FLY (osadomest ica L,)
Texas F. 1% Bisho-op (Senternber 340): There -as a marked increase in the
number of house flies. in the vicinity of Dallas durimTg the latter
half of September4 They had 1becomne extremely scarce ea-,rly in
the swurmer o7Ting to -the hci-, dry vahr
Texas F,. BIIFYLOnn (Sen ter.ber 30): A nui~ite.L of complaints have been
received from reiecsin the vic-.niity of ilsthat th;ey 7'Ter e
infestCed lii.h scOL pi.,,s. 6-me report f-1nd-.ng as many as 14 in a
house duri-ng iic aft*ej:j -(,j
A T=:iI:TB 1(Ret icul itermes flAv~e Kol s
Illinois W, P, Flint (October 20): Coiirolaints of damage by tlis ins-ect
have been receift;ed during thl-e p1ast. year, XIn so~me ca-s-aa
injury has "jken quite severe. Receni-tJ y a~n oak fci 1:1 a house which had just been completed was found to be 'cad'ly
damaged by this insect.
GRA21TARY W EEVIIL (0i .endra gran~ariaL.)
Ill1ino is -i. P, rL int (October 20): Owing partly to the fact 'Lh,.at r-.-ch
of the wheat and oats were threshed when the grain tias wet and
Tent into t~le bins 'in a dampened conditional many corn Iainrs axe
bein4 received of damage by this insect.
AITGOU1JMOIS GR.AI-1 11OTH (S.totro, a cereale.) la, Ol.iv.)
Illinois W, P, Flint (October 20): Owing partly to the fact that m'nch
of the wh1-eat and oats were th-- eshed Then the grainvias wret- and went into the bins in a dampened condition, many complaints are
being received of damage by this insect.
CO1FUS--52 BEET"Y7, (Tribolium. con-*7'srn Thav.)
Illinois W, P. Fli.nt (October 20): Mwing partly to the fact that much
of the wheat al-A oats were threshed when the grain a s 1-;e t
and went into 'the bia~s in a dampened condition, many complaints
are being received of damage by this insect.
FO0qIG171 GRAIN BEETLE (fathartus nd.ena Waltl
Illinois P. F Flint (Oc: to'ber '2C ) Oing pa2-tly to the fact that much
of t~le 7ihea'u a -. -!-heffcesec]T711-3hn the grain, -a -,et and
7el..t intQ tirle u:bii i-n a mp-riencd condition, many complaints are
bh;received of damage by this insect.,
30QvI~rT ccoc- e s iv.atcr-i'i Muell.~
Kansas JF. -5, 'Oc~h(O~ce 15": H6eavy inf; stat ions of booklice have
becn fehL rKi ~diur.=:ture i.n -ariehouses at Topeka
and Hansas C~.ty.,
Ohio H. A. Goe.sard (October 21): -Received on October 6 'rom ILeetonia
whore itc attracting attention byj its embers in upholstery.
Kansas Roger 0. mt (,Sonteinber art October):- Repcrted from 1M1nhat tan
in hou-!'s, IMTore uh-1is yoar. Two reports of r-x~k1tor heavy s7warms.
TI-ey prrjb ,b1)- i've i!i'Lhin the walls and riar7eJ. forms s,,"alin (,u:t
every few7nit~ One house was infested. for --t least three
te !rx THae bad six mojor s'-arrs and se-.,era-l minor ones. The
1wooaowork doc-s not show very mach damage.
NOTES FROM THE FEDERAL HORTICULTURAL BOARD, OCTOBER 15, 1924.
A very injurious thrips, identified by Prof. J. R. Watson as Liot-hrips vae ~cei was collected on lily bulbs from France,
at Philadelpnia, August 18 and 19, 1924. This pest is reported as having become established in Los Angeles County, Calif., where it was introduced on lily bulbs from France. What apparently is the same species is described as very injurious on lily bulbs in Japan. This is a pest which is well worth keeping out of the country.
The pin: bollworm was again found at New York on July 31, infesting cotton seed in old cotton bagging from Alexandria, Egypt.
Anastrepha fraterculus Wied. was taken at Laredo, Texas, August 31 in guavas from the interior of Mexico. This insect has also been reported from New York and Philadelphia as intercepted on several occasions recently in mangoes from Jamaica.
Anastrepha ludens Loew, was collected in quince July 30, 1921,
and in pear September 8,1924, at Laredo, Texas. Both interceptions are reported as having come from the interior of Mexico.
Specimens of a fruit fly, identified as probably a new species of Anastrepha, were intercepted at New York August 12 in mangoes from
Agriotes lineatus L. is reported as infesting turnip rpot (Rutabaga) from England. Specimens were collected at-New York September 17.
Another insect, the turnip gall weevil (Ceuthorrhynchus pIurostigma Marsh.) was found in white globe turnips from England at ,o York City on August 6. This insect is a pest on various vegetables in England and does not occur in this country.
An important and possibly dangerous wireworm, determined as Athous haemorrhoidalis Fab.,w as collected in lily bulbs from France at New York August 23. This insect attacks vegetables, grains, and
roots of grassft and is very destructive.
Larvae of the sweet potato weevil (2-scenes batatae Waterhn.) were
reported as infesting sweet potatoes from Porto Rico at New York September 5.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 3 1262 09244 5229