The Insect pest survey bulletin

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00023

Full Text








THE INSECT PEST SURVEY


BULLETIN


A periodical review of entomological conditions throughout the United States,
issued on the first of each month from April to November, inclusive.


Volume 4


July 1, 1924


Number 4


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY

UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATING





LIBRARY
STATE PLANT BOARD

















R. C. TPU,7-7-J





The Insect Pest Survey records rith sincere grief the
death of its most esteemed collaborator R. C. Treherne, Entomolo-
gist, in Charge of the Cainadian Insect Pest Review, the official
organ for Survey york in the Dominion. Mr. Treherne was largely
responsible for the rapid development of this line of work in
Canada and his contributions to our Bulletin in the form of "Oit-
standing Features for the month in Canada" were always received
uvith interest by our readers. He laid the foundation of this
work so firmly that the superstructure, the future development of
Survey .Tork in Canada, is assured.








Ii] S E CT PE ST aU RV EY BTJU LLE T I Y


Vol. 4 Jaly 1, 1924 9o.


OTJTSTADI'IG EIT:;., L7DGICAL ZATL-RS IN TEIE *UTITED STATES FOR JL -, 1S24


Father serious outbreaks of armyworms have already been reported from
Illinois, :o.jthern Ilichiain, Indiana, and eastern Io7a, -._ile a slight outbreak
is recorded in ['issouri.

Cutorm ravage es are g-ner-al.y severe from NTew En7la.-rl and the Uiddle
Atlantic States westward to 2orth Dakota, -:lbraska: :iontana, and ,.- s.

Grasshoppers are reported as injurious in Mississippi, Jebrasa, C1:lasoma,
and Texas, as well as in some parts of "tana, Utah, and California. In the last
State the damage is umn-u -r.l 3'-r.

Wireworm injury to many crops is --orte6. from massachusetts southward
alohg the Atlantic Coast to'fle7 Jersey and also from Yorth Dakota, South Dakota.,
ITebraska, Kansas, and I.Missouri.

The Hessian fly is rapidly increasing in central Ohio and parts of Indiana,
end a serious condition with re-.rd to this insect is reported front To.th Dakota,
southeastern l!ebraska, and eastern K-:'.-..

The chinch bug is not as serious as anticipated in In-. .-- and Illinois.
There is still a serious infestation, however, in so-'.lthester'-n and north-central
Missouri and along the southern border of Teor.ska, 'ct'-a-'d to Turias CounIty, thence
southward over eastern I'22 ar-d nol..r .stern Oklahoma.

The joint'-onr is rc orted as abundant in central and east-central Tennessee
and central and southern Illinois, while the .,heat strarorm injury is reported as
severe in parts of Kansas.

h-e corn earorm is a.-r-n epic.ic as it was in 1921. Reports of serious
damage to tomatoes, beans, cotton, anrd corn have alr.- : bee-i received from the
South Atlantic States, 71estward to ::cs. In the Sorth Atlatic States, incnudin"
A.iabama, t,-- pest has assumaed the ar-.yT-irm habit anL destroyed a very considerable
amount of vetch.

Sprouting corn is bein-r rather severely dan- ;ed by th- larva of the pale-
striped flea-beetle, and mvny reports of injury by the seed-corn maggot are being
received from Iew York, westward to lowa and NeTabraska.

The rosy apple aphid is more abundant than usual in the :Tc= n-glaE-'7. States,
south to iTev York and westward to Mlissouri.

The tent caterpillar is appearing in serious nrabers in the -a ZT I .-5
and the .id,".le Atlantic States, southward to iryla-.d.

The i:-se chafer is reported as very numerous in :e:: En-lard and a serious
outbreak is occurring in southw-estern Indiana and the greater part of T:--..essea.


- 101. -






102-

Brood XXIII of the periodical cicada is appearing over most of its chart"
ed range.

The boll ",weevil is reported as becoming inec-'eazinly prevalent in Geor-gia.
It is also reported from South Carolina, C''-:lcho: ., Tea ,'12 Mississippi.

The tomato suck-fly is extenTing its range nort1 -2Et-ardly in Te:as.

An interesting application of the aphidozer to survey -"or is given under
the items on the pea aphid.



OUTSTAi YIEIG 1:TM01.LOG.ICAL FEATURES FOR CATAD.A FOR JTiT, 1924.


The cottony maple scale is reported to be spreading: rapidly in the Greater
Vancouver District, B. C., affecting a variety of shade and fruit trees including
maple, chestnut, pear, apple, plum, and cherry.

Tent caterpillars, of -hich the forest tent caterpillar, M'leaos o. a disstrif
Hbn., is the most injurious, are causing great damage in British Columbia frc..-i Arm-
strong north to Si-al-on Arm where nearly all strawberry patches, as well as rasjberr-'.
have been devoured, and many fruit trees defoliated. The forest tent cate-:,:i lars
have completely devoured the raild bush and are migrating into all cultivated c:o'5.

Bruce's measuring worma, achela bruceata Hulst, was infesting wild "bushes
and apple trees around Armstrong, 3. C., in immense numbers in early T"ay. Some
7rere full grown by 1'ay 15.

A very serious grasshopper outbreak: is developing over the hole of the
dry interior of British Columbia. Melanoplus spp. are mai:-ily re- ,nasible in the.
Okanagan Valley 'here great loss is being experienced in the vegetable and tomato
fields, while Carnula, oellucida Scud. is doing great damage in the Iicola--:arr.loops
area.

The northern sedge caterpillar, Ot...ichs. vgirinica Clarp., has appeared
in outbreak form in bogs and Sw i in th"e locality of r e-'n, Manitoba. The
larvae, "-',.ch are present in countless numbers, usually feed on various sedgcs, but
will readily turn to grasses, es-'ecially .ro..., -'s.

Garden springtails have been causing trouble at Dartmouth, U.S., .here
they -ere present in considerable numbers during the latter part of 1iay, attac-ing
young spinach seedlings.

The satin moth has been very material lly reduced in numbers in the Vancouv.,
district, B.C., doubtless ovwing to winter ki'-l-i:. An examination of several stand-
of poplar revealed the larvae to be almost entirely absent from Lombardy poplar, and
only in sufficient numbers in white poplar to cause about 25 per cent defoliat-on.

An e:-.tn-.ive and destructive outbreak of the eastern spruce bark-beetle,
is reported at T.-ter, Ont.








C E R E A L AND F 0 A 0- Z C R 0 P S E C T S

!17TSCFLLI:z^%U' FS3u-2 .S

ATIT.701Kl (Cir-.hin nmai-ounct Hari. )

.iichigan R. H. Pettit (June 24): The first army-'cr:.i a-peared today and
they are -uorking in corn in the southern part of the State. T--.
weather has been ideal for an armyworm outbreak: E. I a1-i eroecting,
more in the irnuediate future.

Indiana 7. H. Larrimer through V. R. 7alton (June 17): On mry-'y bac: from
Ohio I stopped off at _Knightstom, Ind., to look over the chinch-
bu4-w3istant corn ex-oeriment and 7hile examining the vfneat fields
for chinch bugs I noticed a r-er: mylerate infestation of ar c.r;3.
Since my return I have fo-und this pest present in various kinds of
crops. In some cases considerable dae is bein- done to garden
6rops, particularly lettuce. Th- predominant -oecies is C. Uni.Ornct7,
althouEh there are Quite a n-umber of the %reie ate&l cutnorms, Lycophot
margaritosa Ha,. The county va -E -ts of this section are fairly faril-
iar -ith the control of these army-'or.as and, consoquo.tly, I do not
anticipate any serious deveo:_...:e.-;-ts. I believe a"-',;3:,7- i' one or t,.o
cases control neasu-es have been started. The wcrT.S v:r in size
from very small to mature. TMis particular season being rather
favorable for cut-or.s in general, it is not surprising that ',e have
these local outbreaks.

J. J. Davis (June 21): ioths '7ere com-non at Lafayette during I:,r.
The first report of injury came fror. Gibson Cou-nty, in the ouAthyest
corner of the State, June 4. This "as followed by reports from
other counties to the north. The past 7eek (June 16-20) they have
been comr-:.on in Ti--.ecanoe, Benton, 'Tiite, Carroll, P.ush, iontgoe ry,'
and Porter Co-onties. The injury has been con3oicucus in cornfields
which were in timothy last year, plo-wed for corn this spring, and
because of the unfavorable weather for cultivating, the timothy" a:Cd
-reos .-re'- up sbundantly in the wetter parts of the field. This
offered good conditions for egg laying by the moth. The aW-7-ornms
are, the-refore, scattered more or less generally through such corn-
fields and they are of all sizes. There is also an ab-unidance of
army-or.-is in timothy and other grassy fields sand n-e anticipate more
trouble if they migrate from such fields to corn and small grain, as
they no doubt TIll do in some cases.

Illinois Henry Schunerelpfenning (June 12): There is an infestation of army-
7or.-Zs in my meadow land at La.nito.

C. C. Compton (J-une 14): AvrmTorns are causing severe damage to
grass and corn in central IaSalle County.

T. P. Flint (June 18): There are general scattered outbreaks of
armyrrorms from southern to north-central Illinois erms are appear-
ing :.,ainly in timothy, oats, and rheat. Moths are still abundant.
Parasites from examinations to date are very scarce.


- 103 -





- 104 -


Carl J. Drake (June 26):
damage in eastern iowa.


Tel e cam.


ArmyworTrs are doing great


Missouri


L. Iaseman (June 20): A few scattered complaints have been received
showing this pest to be present thou-fh not es-ecially serious.


CUT--Di:.S (IToLtuidae)


Maine


Issachusetts






Ne" York


E. M. Patch (JTune 13): At Mapleton on June 13, 21 acres of oats
were pretty well cut do-mn by ALprotis R,*ivn Eott. Larvae at that
date were about 1/2 to 3/4 inch. A 15-acre grain field is evi:enVly
threatened. Oats are 4 inches high. Crows are feeding -greedily
nilht and boring on the cutworms but they are not touching the
grain.

A. II Bourne (June 24): Cutworms are r-uch more prevaent arnd doing
more damage throughout the State than for the last few years. They
are particularly bad here in the Connecticut Valley in tob'-zco fields;
both the subsurface injury and that done by the cllmrinn species are
unusually severe on young newly-set plants. The attack- is so severe
as to be causing very general anxiety on the part of growers.

A. B. Buchholz (June 14): From the dar-age I have seen in Columbia
County to garden and field crops, and from the reports I have re-
ceived, I would judge that there is what might be called an epidemic
of cutworms.


Michigan


R. H. Pettit (June 19):


Cutworms are worse than usual.


Ohio


Indiana'
and
Ohio





North Dakota




Nebraska


H. A. Gossard (June 20): CutoiLms have been very abundant, but
since the weeds and succulent plants of all ki:P-' ha-ve bean like-
wise abundant they have had plenty of forage aid have bihe-:red
garden plants less than in some years when wh.;y were not so plcnti-
ful.

J.-JJ.JDavis (June 21): The Holland-St. Louis Sugar Company reports
extensive injury to sugr beets on June 14 at Auburn, Ind., and Pock-
ford, Ohio, and other parts of northern Indiana. Observations in-
dicate injury in fields which were in red clover and timothy sod
last year. TWhere fields were in alfalfa and sweet clover no losses
have been observed. Cutworms were also reported from Elkhart June
3, cutting off grape shoots at the ground.

R. L. Tebster (June 13): There is damage on clover and timothy sod,
spring plowed and seeded to flax in Cass and Pichlard Cournties. This
is not the pale western cutworm. The area involved is 80 per cent
on one field in Cass County.

.ti H. Swenk (!:avy 15-June 15): Some reports of injury to young corn
by cutwor-.s have been received but, except for an area in the sE.ndyr
soil of Holt County, injury by cutworms to corn was, on the whole,
les3'.than normal.


Iowa


* U.*


_ mm I







105-

j. 7. :cColloch (-y 351): iThe county agent of Labette County re-
ports ronr.s present in large numbers in local ereas in alfalfa fields
and gardei-s.
. Cook (J"une 21): The first o-atreak of Chorizagrotis amniliarj
Grote since 1921 is in Judith Basin County, with abu-ndanco above
normal. Several hundred acres of '.ieat -ere damaged.


GRA.SSHoPPP.-3 (Acridiidae)


Delaware





Mississippi



Nebra s;a




Oklahoma
















Texas


C. 0. Houghton (June): Grasshopers have appeared only in very
small nuabfoers so far this year at Ienark. I believe that the very
dry season of last year, con-pled -"ith t.e .'.. wet spring ve have
just haed, has had an important bearing on this. The species is
ieicu.no-.lus f oemur-rubrumn DeG.

R.. 7. Earned (June 20): Grasshoppers, specimens of 7hich have not
been riec-ived, have been reported as seriously injuring --ybeans in
the vicinity of Indianole.

1. 71. Swer!k (Lay 15-June 15): Grasshoppers were re orted doing
some injury in alfalfa fields in Hitchcock Coun-ty during the second
week in Jiune but, on the '-'hlol, these insects seen: much less nuwer-
ous than for several years past at this ti-ne of the year.

E. E. Scholl (June 2 to 7): l2:no-.olu3 ff.-rc.Mlis Ths. is
st;ckinj alfalfa, cotton, Lt-d sweet clover in Carter, Johnston,
Log-n, Jefferson, Cotton, Love, Tillman, XingfizIhcr, and Ellis
Counties. The abiadance is greater then in a-n aver,-,' -::r asnd
there are more than last ....ont.. (June 9): The grasshopper can-
paign in this State is in full swing. The insects are very nuaer-
ous in the southwestern part of the State with two outbreaks of
minor importance in Lop-n andd Ellis Counties. (June 23): The
grasshopper situation has increased in seriousness and in the area
infested. The entire soutIhwestern part of the State is noT cover-
ed by grasshoppers and in ..,?nr places more than 50 per cent of the
cotton and alfalfa has been destroyed. In counties where the
agents began control --ork about 10 days a-o the infestations have
been very much rei.ced. The main drawback has bcea that good
ffesh poison was not available in all infested areas.

F. L. o-j.-oaz (June 4): The grassho-;per outbreak extends from Ohild-
ress County, 'in the nrte,:. part of thse State, outhIrest through
Gaiues, Reeves, Schleicher, andiFrio Counties, thence east'-arC throuwl
De'Titt, Taller, and An-derson Couaties to -r-nklmn and Delte. Coun-ties
in the northieastei-n part of the State. (June 20): Practically
all of the complaints are the result of injury to cotton, but some
injury has occurred on corn. A fevr cotton fieldIs have been re lantc'
Grasshoppers are increasing in the north and eastern sections of the
infested area a-'2 decreasing in the s-outhw:estern section. R.
Reppert, tension Ehtomologist, has done a large amount of for' in
demonstrating to groups of county agents the Ercing and distribution
of poisoned bran 7h'i. Tite arsenic has been bought by the carload.


: oontana






- 106 -


Montana


Utah


California


D[1 1-are



. is~souri


Robert L. Shoti:el. (LTy7 2): From vcevcral sections in the northern
part of Chouteau County ,elanoc ls atlii j I-.-has ben reported
as having taken this year's crop. ia-Hge to this year's wheat crop
has already been re-ported from several to-T/s:iU in Liberty Counity.
Last year's stubble fields arc -proving to be a menace to adjacent
wheat fields. These grasshoppers are hatching in conEideraIle num-
bers in Kill County but no serious damage has been -re;-orted as yet.
Though not as nu-nerous as I. atlanis, still M'elano-ius f .-.-..'-rubruam
are hatching in sufficient numbers in Hill Coiu-ty to be a serious
pest.

J. R. Parker (June 24): Taking the State as a whole, rTssh opJers
are nowhere nearly as abunda-nt as in 1923. In certa!., areas, how- .
ever, they are still very numerous and would do great d.'. were
it not for strenuous campaigns put on in the infested counties. The
most heavily infested Counties are Teton and Pondera, which are in
the central part of the State just east of the Divide. The southenI
ends of Glacier and Toole Counties have scattered areas as well as
Chouteau and Hill Counties. These areas are west of the most heavily
infested areas of last year and it seems quite certain that they are
the result of mijrating s-'ors of hoppers which left the infested
areas last year and flew T7est. Another infested area lies just west
of the Continental Divide in the Counties of Granite, Powell, and
Deerlodge. The damage done by grasshoppers in this State thus far
this season is very slight. The campaigns in the infested locali-
ties have been very successful.

Geo. F. Knowlton (June 18): Grasshoppers are again bccomLIng des-
tructive -7est of Snithfi"ld and A.,.Ilgr.; some f, r::.-rs are using poison-
ed bait to stop their migrations. Last ye..r in this section several
tons of poisoned bait were used, but in places where it was not used
many fields of grain were stripped of leaves by the time the grain
was headed out.

I. 1. Hawley (June 23): Grasshoppers are doing considerable da-Iage
in several parts of the State, particularly in Utah, liilard, and
Cache Counties. On the whole, they are more abundant than last year.

C. II. Packard (June 16): This is an unus-ally had graschnpper year.
Swarms of hoppers have appeared- in many localities not usually snffer-
ing serious damnege. They have developed several w-eekis earlier than
usual. M. devastator Scud. alr^,r is largely in the adult stage on
dry lands. The unusual outbreak is probably iue to i:ild, dry winter
followcid by early spring. They are attackring fruits, vi.-eyards,
gris, and alfalfa in the foothills an-T. valleys over the -hole State.


C. 0. Houghton (June 24): Comparatively few "June beetles" have
o -..r'red to date, with the exception of the lar-e flight of P. tristis
noted in a previous report.

L. Hsomci (J-une 20): Thite grubs have -"ever been sD abur-,irnt and
troes are still roaring with the beetles. Sev-ral species are prosen


`7,HITE R Pyll^r'^ spp.)








- 107-


7T1-7TO,'S ( Eateri0ae)


Mas sachusetts


A. I. Pourne (June 24): Tobacco growers, as -ell as onion growers,
are very seriously threatened by an unusual abiau-ids-ice of vrre'orms.
This does not seer- to be limited to any particular region or ty c; of
soil but, ac nearly as our observations and reports inic'te, is a
very general condition this season up and cLo-in the Valley.


D. D. Tard (June 14):
is being reported from.
on the lighter soils.
completely destroyed.
single hill.


Serious wire'7orra injury to corni ad1 potatoes
many parts of C-.on'.ah County, -:ot'cnl'1y
In .any cases corn plantings ha e been almost
As "any as 10 nirerorms have been fo'rd in a


New. Jersey




Missoiri


ITorth Dakota




South Dakota


Nebraska



Kansas


Harry Sally (June 10): Insects seriously damaging sw-eet corn, as
many as 11 larvae being found in a hill. These insects are found
)on land that v:as not in corn last year. (The larva accrme:-,nng this
material was Lio-niuis sp. J. A. H.)

L. Baseman (June 2D): 7 re-orms have been especially abundant this
year and have done some damage to corn.

C. N. Ainslie (Lay 29): ach stock. is raised in this section
(Sanger) of the State and wirerorms threaten to cripple the industry
by attac]:in- the corn crop in greet numbers. It is said to be a
new p-oest in these parts.

A. L. Ford and K. C. Severin (June 10): 'ire7'orms of undetermined
species are attacking corn at MTission Hill and 3--r.sford.

I:. H. Serenk (May 15-June 15): Some injury to the platted seed-corn
by wirerorms '7as re-oor: 'w,'bt surprisingly l ittle, considering the
bacl'-card character of the spring.

J. 7. McColloch (June 15): Tirer-orms have been especially had in
cornfields at runhattain aCnd rving. Counts made in a number of
fields at .nttan sho th-iat the stand has been reduced 10 per cent.
-ost of the larvae vyore L-a tis sp.

HEAT-

--3ITAi FLY (Phytoihaspa dostrzuctor Say)

T. H. Part's (June 23): Althoudi very f-- Hessian flies hibernated
in the -heit fields of central counties, the insect is marking a
raupid cne -.b ... This remarkable rise if n-i-bcrs is apparently
due to : :'ous rains during the hatching period. It rained at
Coliatuo en 28 days during -1.7. The origin of the ovipositing
ferries m-jst have been from old stufbfjle and a small amount of vclun-'
teer r-heat in thLe I-!y fields. The "T-it Insect Survey starting
June 30 vwill poi-ot out ovor ho.' many counties this increase in the
fly has occurred.


New York








- 108 -


VI chi r mf- .



Indiana




Illinois


-jorth Dakota





N'ebraska


R. H. Petti t (JIune 19): An examination in the fields over a small
part of the State has not revealed eany quantity of the Hessian fly
thus far.

J. J. Davis (June 21): Reports indicate that the Hessian fly is
increasing in some localities, apparently localities where some
wheat was sown early last fall. Have *been unable to make a survey
to determine the exact situation.

7. P. Flint (June 18): The spring brood of the Hessian fly has
appeared in moderate numbers ith occasional fields sho'7ing 20 to
30 per cent infestation.

C. 'T. Ainslie (May 29): The abnormally cold spring has de' ayed the
emerj'-nce of the adults and now, when the wheat is growing nicely,
the flies are placing third eggs. No fields appear to have escaped
and in many fields nearly every plant carries from 1 to 10 eg-.:s or
even more. The situation is certainly serious.

M. H. Swenh (Oay 15-June 15): By the last -e&o in iMa- the spring
brood had mostly developed to the mature -raa-ot or pupariiu condi-
tion. In the latter cta.e they largely remained during the first
half of June, comparatively few having emerged as adults to form a
second spring brood. -ie-vcrtheless, the fly, in connection with the
unfavorable weather conditions, has worked very great injury to the
winter -'.at crop of southeastern ITbraska during the present spring,
and especially in those counties v.here late sowing of the heat was
not generally practiced last fall. There are large n,'mlers of small
dead stems, and the stools usually show weak vitality where the fly
is present, which is in about 20 per cent of the acreagc. The cen-
ter of more serious injury eastwardly seems to be in Dodge, Saunders,
Butler, Polk, Platte, Kamilton, Fillmore, Saline,and Jefferson Coun-
ties. 7o organized late sowing mo-.7c:t was ccndvct&d in any of
these counties, except in Saunders and Fillmore Counties, last fall
and in these two counties only a cor.p-.ratively Gimall percentage of
.the farmers awaited the fly-free date. The infestation in the early
sown fields of these nine counties involves from 9 to 22 per cent of
the well-developed stems standing at this time, with en average of
from 1 to 3 puparia to the affected stem. The dead maler early
spring growth contains at this time large numbers of pup-ria whichh
have not as yet given forth their flies. This indicates the pcssi-
bility of a very heavy midsummer brood. The western area of infes-
tation previously mentioned, extending from Harlan to Re&-illow
County and north into Frontier, Gosper, and Phelps Counties and south-
w-estern Dawson County, is in general sidlarly affected.

J. W7. HcColloch (June 18): There is a general infestation over the
State, which is severe in some sections. Heavy infestations are
known to occur in Riley, ]'orris, Clay, a-d Decatur Counties. The
dry weather in early spring reduced the infestation in the -'estern
part of the State. Conditions the last of May and in June were
favorable for the fly. (June 19): The Hessian fly situation is
not as alarming as we had feared earlier in the year. There is a







- 109 -


Indiana



Illinois






Missouri







I7ebraska













Kansas


general infestation over all the wheat ro -ng section of the State,
in some areas reaching a serious proportion. The situation is such
that, unless active preventive measures are taken during te suTmnmier,
we can expect a large amount of damage to fall sovm wheat. (June 22,
Clumps of vwheat received from Oakley had 10 per cent of the sternms
infested 7ith the Hessian fly.

CHINCH BUG (Blissuas leucooterus Say)

J. J. Davis (June 21): Because of the excessive rainfall and other
unfavorable conditions we anticipate less trouble this year from the
chinch bug, at least from the first generation.

7. P. Flint (June 18): The rains and cold weather of .ay have been
decidedly unfavorable to the development of this insect. Scatter-
ing fields are still fo-und throughout the area infested last year
where enough bugs are present to cause serious losses to adjoining
crops. It is certain the damage from this insect will not be as
heavy as that of last year in -ost of the areas infested in the State.

L. Hasemni (June 2D): The chinch bug is reported as most threaten-
ing in counties of southwestern and west-central LIissouri. Heavyr
rains have influenced the young brood but in central missouri young
red nymphs were ap-- s"rinn June 14. T7e expect serious trouble to
start in the next tw7o eclis if it turns dry. Te are receiving manr
inquiries about barriers and the use of calcium cyanide as a gas
barrier.

Li. H. Swenk (lay 15-June 15): iT sz-all grain fields of _Richardson,
Pawnee, Jolhnson, Gage, sout'-ern Lancaster, Saline, and Jefferson
Counties have developed, during the past six weeks, a r their heavy
infestation with the chinch bug and at this date ras. fields sho7
evidences of injury. Pau--neo County probably shovs the heaviest
infestation of this block of counties, at the present time. The
infestation is general, however, in the coelnties along the southern
border of the State, -est to F-:r-.s County, the bugs becoming grad-
ually mre numerous from Jefferson County to ?-,rnas County. It is
expected that serious injury :7,il take place in the corn thro'.--
this entire area after harvest, except in those fields where barrier
protections are maintained.

J. V. McColloch (June 19): The chinch bug situation is especially
alarming, since the bugs are distributed generally throou.out the
heat fields of the eastern half of the State. .Thile oz- laying
and hatching were delayed b7y the cool weather early in the spring,
there was very little Ortalit ard the young bugs are very abund-
ant in most fields. Fifty per cent of the eggs are parasitized.
Fungus is killing old buis but is not affecting immature stages.
Theat is ripening very fast at the -,.escnt time and the migration
from -:heat fields has begun in this State. Undoubtedly there .ill
be severe injury to corn in the -.-e::t week or two.







- 110-


O1-1 nhomn.


E. E. School (June 23): It having been imr;ossible to bturn chinch-
big hibernativr quarters last fall, this insect carried ovpr very
successf-ully and is now be-in--i-n, to do very destru-active vor'k to
row crops in the northeastern part of the State.


GPi.Jf.Y'. T{HFAT-ST.'ai HL-_WT (i-ro-nyzx --nericnna Fitch)


iizzsouri


L. H.aseran (June 20): The "-hc.it-stela rau-et is rcpotted from the
northwestern part of the State as serious in some fields.


.E.;T JOIiTOomE. (Harmolita tritici Fitch)


Tornessee


Illinois









Kansas


Ohio


r. 1.. Bentley (J.une 17): The wheat joint'.orm is dbing considerable
d.-, :e to wheat in Greene, Jeff arson, and Robertson Counties.

'i. P. Flint (Ju.e 18): This insect is very abundant in central and
southern Illinois, especially in V'.1- western part of the State.
S. C. Chandler recently conducted a c,.r",ny in southern Illinois
rhich sho-,ed an average infestation of a little over 21 per cent
with occasional fields shoring 30 to -10 per cent infestation, an
average of 30 per cent of the straw fallen. 'The out'.reK!: is more
general than any vhich has occurred in Illinois in rec:-t years.

7HEAT ST .70PuMl (Harmolita grandis Riley)

J. 7. LcColloch (June 22): Cliwps of wheat received fr-ti Tri'Ulne
show 40 per cent of the stems infested. hcat from Oakley had 50
per ;eent of the stems infested.

CC,^IT

EUROPA1N CCo:r BCPS: (Pyrausta nubilalis Fuebn.)

H. A. G-ossard (June 12): On this date none of the larvae of this
borer had pupated at the laboratory at Oak Harbor and, evidently,
the brood for 1924 is goinr, to appear a week or ten days later than
it did in the northeastern part of the State in 1923.


COEH FE-Q2 (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)


South Carolina A. F. Conradi (iMay 22): The corn earworm has done about 60 per
cent damage to the early tomato crop at Bcaufort.


J. H. Pressley (Hay 28): In the vetch field at Fort Valley this
pest had taken on the habits of the army,',om.

W. D. Hillis (May 31): This pest was mistaken for the arry-orm
at Statesboro. (The summer has bean cool and backward so as to
hinder the development of parasites. J. D. More.)


Georgia








- Ili -


H. B. Rails and J. D. More (June 3): The outbreak at Ashburn wTas
first reported as that of the armyworm. They were so worried in
this section that I made a personal trip and found this to be the
rest. Trenching and poisoning had been already resorted to. The
season was back'-ard and cool and had hindered the development of
parasites. Several specimens showed that they were parasitized.
Also reported as attacking tomato on June 2 at Pearson, Pitts, and
Rochelle, in all cases doing considerable d._-aCe.

Georgia 0. I. Snapp (June 20): This pest has been -unusually abundant in
middle Georgia this year, attacking corn and vetch. In the case of
vetch the,' have assumed armrqorm habits and trenches had to be dug
around the fields in order to prevent their progress and hold them
in check.

Alabama J. LI. Robinson (June 25): The corn ear'-orm has caused some d.-.a e
to cotton and corn, due to the fact that vetch was not turned *und-r
sufficiently early to destroy the developing larvae.

Mississippi R. T7. Harned (lay 27): This pest has been seriously dxaraJg large
fields of garden beans in the vicinity of Pascagoula, Jac.-son County.
One inspector reports that at least 75 per cent of the beans are in-
fested and that practically evc-y bean pod shows some indication of
the work of these worms. These insects first attracted attention
about ay 15. Individual farmers will lose from $1CO to $400 be-
cause of these insects.

Texas F. L. Thomas (June 20): There has been extensive infestation on
corn and. fear is being felt for cotton in Grayson County.

STALK BORE- (Fa-oaiper.n nitela Guen.)

Lascachusetts A. I. Bourne (June 24): The stalk borer is the subject of several
reports, its -o n : being on young tomato plants and small corn plants.

Indiana J. J. Davis (June 21): ReporteCd iL.juring tomato plants at Evan-s-
ville June 19. Specimens not over one-third crown.

Eansas J. 7. :.cColloch (June 18): May 31 w7'r,: were killing all corn in
some fields in Harper County. June 16 severe injury to corn vas
reported from Marshall County and to potatoes from McPherson County.

VEF0-iS (Crambidae)

Ohio H. A. Gossard (June 2D): Crambus caliiinosellus Clezm. was received
from Ohio June 3, where it was attacking young corn.

Indiana J. J. Davis (June 21): Considerable daje s reported to corn by
webworms in a field rzear Delohi on June 20. This field was in sod
last year.





- 112-


BILLEUGS (Sphenophorus syp.)


Mlissouri


Kansas






Tennessee


Mississippi


L. Ha-senan (June 20): A small species of bilIbug has been reported
by a number of growers in the central part of the State.
'j. W. NcColloch (June 10): 1Iaize billbugs, $"he.ozoor'ir ripis
Chittenden, Were re;_rt-i nrxerous in fields at i&M.rion, ioat of the
injury being on bottom land. (Juie 12): Sheno-oru callous
%heni nori callIocus
Oliv. has destroyed c-n,-half of the corn in a field near Olathe.

SUGAE-C7iF 2.FTIE (-uetheola rauice-ps Lec.)

G. ::. Bentley (June 17): Several reports .Iavo been received of
adult injury to growing corn caused by the carrot beetle or sugar-
cane beetle.

R. 7. Harned (June 20): Complaints in regard to the roi.ih-headed.
corn stalk-beetle have been receiveci from Montgomnery, iTeshoba, Yazoo,
Carroll, and Oktibbeha Coiuties.


-1-IDED FL-.Ls.. (Sstena taeniata Say)


Indiana








Illinois


New York


Ohio


Michigan


J. J. Davis (7ay 24): -eceived Tay 24 to June 5, from Veedersburg
and. west to Frankfort, T-.i.',ount, and Fort 7ayne on the north anI
east. The larvae burrowed into the roots and developing shoot,
before and after it appeared above ground. All records shmi it to
be coIrL.on only in fields -"hich -.ere in w7eedy sod or other weedy
ground last fall. The i-.ict severe injury is in spring plred land.
The species has not been positively identified as it has not been
reared.

C. C. Compton (June 10): The larvae of the pale-striped flea-beetle
has severely injured sprouting corn in the field in X!hdall and
LaSalle Counties. Replanting was necessary in fields totaling 68
acres. (June 18): The larva of this insect has been found injur-
ing corn in a number of fields in the central and northern parts of
the State.

SEED-COPH MAGGOT (Hylemvia cilicrura Rond.)

C. R. Crosby (June 17): At Auburn 14 acres of corn were so badly
injured by Phorbia fusciceos that it rill be necessary to plow it
up and replant.

T. H. Parks (June 23): Damage to corn occurred generally from this
pest, which destroyed gemii-nating kernels of corn during 1ay. Cold,
wet weather greatly delayed germination and growth of the seedling.
E. H. Pettit (June 19): 'e are suffering from an attack of the bean
^.."t, both in beans and in sj-,.outin corn. WThile this attack is
not nearly so serious as the one a fe'.- years ago yet it is f-irly
co,,-"ion. So far as I can determine 'ut this stac2 of t'-ie j-ir, -nen
who seeooded their land early, who se-ded at a iepth of one-half inch,
and who used rotted Tr.an,'-e have escaped. Of course, in the caso of
alfalfa worse roots keep the -iajg.ot zo ..-.'ch lor.ge:. Fall plowing
is necessary.










- 113-


Indiana












Illinois


Iowa


Nebraska


Nebraska


Utah


J. J. Davis (May 28): A large number of inquiries relative to
injury to corn, together with specimens of the seed-corn rpaggot,
have been received from Columbus and Veedersburg. The cold, wet
season has no doubt been partly responsible for the abundance of
this insect. Old seed has been partly responsible in some in-
stances. (June 21): It was common in planted corn seed the
past month, reports coming in from Lay 26 to Juie 14 and the in-
fested area ranging from Columbus on the south, Veedersburg and
Fowler on the west, east and north to Winamac and Rochester. The
cold, wet spring which delayed germination was largely responsible.
In some cases it was noticeable that old corn was more severely
attacked than last year's corn.

W. P. Flint (June 18): Considerable injury has been occasioned by
this insect throughout the central and northern parts of the State.

Carl J. Drake (May 28): The seed-corn maggot has destroyed a field
of corn and beans near ITewton, Jasper County. In the lima beans
as many as 76 maggots were found in a single bean. In corn the
number varies from 2 or 3 to a dozen maggots per kernel. T.he cold
weather has been unfavorable for the development of the corn and
very favorable for the feeding of the maggots in the kernels.

M. H. Swenk (May 15-June 15): During the last week in May reports
of injury to planted seed corn by the seed-corn ma-ot were received
from Cedar, Dakota, Saunders, Thayer, and other Counties lying east
of the 98th meridian. This injury was, no doubt, induced by the
very cool, backward spring, which greatly slowed up the germination
of the planted corn.

COBEROOT-APHID (Aphis maidi-radicis Forbes)

M. H. Swenk (May 15-June 15): During the last half of May reports
were received indicating a considerable prevalence of the corn root-
aphid in Franklin and Harlan Counties, attended by a considerable
thinning out of the stand in many cornfields because of this attack.


ALFALFA AiD CIOVFR


ALFALFA ,,SWEVIL (Phytonomus posticus Gyll.)


I. M. Hawley (June 23): The alfalfa -ee-il is appearing again in
injurious numbers in Salt Lake, Millard, and Utah Counties and in
some other places along the southern limit of the insect's spread.
It is more abundant over its entire range than it has been at any
time during the last three years.











- 114-


M',LTCK UICI*FT (Ana brus simplex Hald..)


Iiyouain U





Idaho and. Utah


Iowa


Nebraska


F. W. TX -- a 7v 28): N:~-hs 'in the third and fourth instars are
doing cc:w1id;rle dmge to :$oang alfalfa p.an.ts in Hot Springs
County. ALiafa 10 to 12 inenes is stripped bare of leaves. The
county is organized and is having very good results with poisoned
bran mash.

I. M. Hawley (June 23): The Mormon or ajgy cricket is again abund-
ant in Franklin (southern Idaho) and in th- Uinta Basin, Utah, The
insects are nearly full grown and migrating &t the present time.

GARDEN 7WEB'.,OP, (Loxostege similalis Guen.)

Carl J. Drake (May 28): The adult of the garden web'.7orm has been
taken in Page and Mills Counties this spring (May 13).

M. H. Swenk (May 15-June 15): During the first week in June the
first brood of the year of the alfalfa or garden webworm put in its
appearance in the alfalfa fields and was reported doing obvious in-
jury in Washington and Madison Counties in a few fields.


GREEN CLOVER7OPRM (Plathypena scabra Fab.)


Mississippi


R. W. Harned (June 20): An insect that is probably the green
cloverworm has been reported as seriously damaging alfalfa in
Bolivar County.


SIX-SPOTTED LEAFHOPPER (Cicadula sexnotata Fab.)


Nebraska


M. H. Swenk (May 15-June 15): During the third week in May the
six-spotted leafhopper was reported badly injuring alfalfa, espec-
ially young alfalfa that had been sownv with oats, all through
Thurston County, and also as injuring barley in Hamilton County.
These injuries apparently ceased, however, before the end of May.


PEA APHID (Illinoia isi Kalt.)


Michigan


Utah


R. H. Pettit (June 3): I am informed that the alfalfa fields were
found to be infested on the 28th of May with the green pea louse.
The weather here in Michigan has been cold and wet almost continuou-
ly up to the present time.

Geo. F. Knowlton (June 10): The pea aphid is numerous in most
alfalfa fields examined in Logan and surrounding territory but the
damage is not noticeable.









- 115-


Ohio


Loui s iana


SGeorgia


Kansas


BUMBLEBEES

H. A. Gossard (Juni'!0): Our agronomists report that bumblebees
are very scarce this season and that the first cutting of clover
can hardly be expected to develop a normal supply of seed. It is
also possible that they will not have replenished their number
sufficiently by midsummer or fall to insure a seed crop from the
second cutting of clover. The excessive rainfall is supposed to
have drowned out many of the nests.

CLOVER-LEAF 7EEVIL (Hypera punctata Fab.)

BI A.Gossard (May 29): The clover-leaf weevil vas received from
Btooklyn Station ,May 29, where it was reported to be very numerous
on a field of plowed sod which wras to be planted to corn.

SOYDEAT

A BLISTER BEETLE (Epicauta lemniscata Fab.)

J. W. Ingram (June 4): Striped blister beetles appeared in large
numbers during the first days of the month and began feeding on the
young soybean plants around Crowley. In some fields the young
plants were completely defoliated.


C A CURCI (Chalcodermus aeneus Boh.
CO7EPSA CTJRCULIO (Chalcoderrmus aeneus Boh.)


0. I. Snapp (June 10): This pest is very abundant and injurious
in Hancock County this year on cowpeas.


SOCR "ThI

KAFIR ANT (Soleno-psis molesta Say)


J. W. McColloch (June 10): At Eskridge it has been necessary to
replant sorghums three times because of this insect. Damage has
also been reported from Euareka.


VETCH

FALL KAY70V0M (Laphymna fr1:rPerda S. & A.)


Maryland


P. D. Sanders:
this State.


An outbreak has occurred on the Eastern Shore of


South Carolina


J. A. Berly (June 12): Attacking vetch at Union. This is the
first reported outbreak we have received. No serious damage was
reported.









FRUIT INSECTS

APPLE

GREED APPLE APHID (Aphis pomi DeG.)


New York





South
Carolina


Indiana


Utah


Utah


Massachusetts


Connect icut





New York


C. R. Crosby and assistants: On May 24, at Sodus, Wayne
County, stem-mothers were giving birth to living young, while
it Orleans County, on June l4, they were very numerous. At
Honeoye Falls they were abundant on apple "buds" in the
nursery, and plentiful on one-year quince "buds."

J. A, Berly (June 16): This insect has caused considerable
curling of the leaves in the commercial orchards in the
Walballa section,

B. A, Porter (June 23): Within the last few weeks serious
infestations have developed in some orchards at Vincennes,
while others are comparatively free from aphids.

J. J. Davis: Some young orchards in central Indiana are
heavily infested.

Geo. F. Knowlton (May 27): The green apple aphids are
numerous and doing some damage in most of the orchards now,

APPLE GRAIN APHID (Rhopalosiphum prunifoliae Fitch)

Geo. F* Knowlton (May 27): Apple grain aphids are numerous
and doing some damage in most of the orchards now.


ROSY APFIL APHID (Anuraphis roseus Baker)


A& I. Bourne (June 24): This species is more abundant and
more generally distributed than for the last several years,
The winged migrants are just beginning to be found in numbers,

W. E. Britton (June 9): Scarce in most orchards where I have
been but quite abundant at Stamford and Wallingford. (June 24):
These insects now seem to be present in moderate numbers in
nearly every orchard, and are more abundant than they were
last month.

C, R. Crosby and assistants: This insect is showing up in
injurious numbers in Dutchess County in many orchards, and is
more common than usual in Ontario County this spring. In
Onondaga County this insect is still being found through most
of the orchards of the county, while the second generation is
commencing to appear in considerable numbers. At Honeoye Falls
itnis abundant on apple "buds" in the nursery. It is becoming
quite numerous in Ulster County, but is most in evidence on


-116-







-117-


Ohio


Indiana


Missouri


trees receiving oil ec-il sion ct the de.!.-.vd dorrIIt period
insteala cf I .u.ac- 1.TI. aR c,,,-no,: ,nc %ile in l..b. a county
it is cr21iz-g con iderable h:ae

H. A. Gossarda (J-ne 7): Thc rosy a'7ple api.'t was received on
this date from Criclnraiiati where it wvas lGiid on apale,

P. A. Porter (May 26): This species was rather scarce earlier
in the season at Vincennes, but is now becocrin.:: mor'e a-, .an
Winged. migrants are beginning to aplc'-.r, and many ay;:'rl_
larvae and eggs as well as lady beetles are being oLscived.

J. J. Davis (June 21): Not as abundant as in 1923, and although
common in some orchards, it became common too late to do great
damage to fruit,

L. Haseman (June 20): The rosy apple aphid is quite serious in
some orchards of the State. Aphid parasites are doing good
work on control.


CODLiG MOTH (Carpocapsa pomonella L.)


Indiana


Illinois







Missouri


New York


B. A. Porter (l-,y 26): Moths have been Eh-L-rging in very small
numbers since May 10, at Vincenne-s, Ixu-t a fe'w ndividu-: ls have
not yet pupated. (June 23): First first-brood, larva observed
leaving fruit on June 22,

J. J. Davis (June 21): Emergence over a long period this spring
on account of the cool, vet season,

W. P. Flint (June 18): The first-brood adults of the codling
moth emerged very late and have been further retarded by cold
weather since emergence. This brood will be excre' -Kt light
judging by present indications. Hot over 2 per cent of the
unsprayed apples in southern Illinois orchards are shoving
infestation at the present. First-brood adults are still
emerging in central Illinois.

L. Hasem3n (June 20): Are later than normal. Fex, larvae a-e
over half grown buit most of them less than half gro-7n. Brood
light in central part of the State. Continued rains have hindered
thorough spraying in many orchards.

lEUIT-TR LEAF-ROLLER (Cacoecia argyrospila Walk.)

C. R. Crosby and assistu.n+s: On :'ay 17.r in Columbia County,
larvae wevo observed in snall numbers, while in Ontario Co-'nty
on May 241, eggs were hat. bhirn, and by- ",.y 29, about 75 peu' cent
of the e.- .; hatc.'-.-d. In Orlean o Coiuty eggs vere also hazching
quite freely, arind newly hatXheda larvae were observed f--r the
firsi; tzi7e this season. A i&7 larvae n:.'ve been observed in
OwnIaga County, -.bile in haat aucz-cua County this insect was
sho,.ing up in increasing n-r.ters,
S UBRATE PLANT ARY








-?. 13-


Ohio


Utah


Massachusetts





New York


Utah


Massachusetts


HE A, ,o'c--dc (Jrvic 1-: ThJi insect was attacking orchard
tr e2 s I L : -,-' e cr. cr l' i.: d-i".e.

C-eo, Z. .:, Ki.t-.n (TF..u .- : uit.-t'-P lc.f-. -c rE -n
Logen r3 m.o,* '1, i. i-'. e .. s- ''..-_* ..: .; t ,- ,me Mons er.ur-ing,
and. ccne are .2l1 ir the lrval st-.2c.
I1, lie 7 Ley (J-.,ne 23): The fruit-tree lcaf-roi!cr is
not ene.lEc in its spread in Ut:h, 'b-A, iln '.. p'.-.c.' it is
causing a gleat deni of loss. In Iron, n:, n- r-Ttn of
Boxelder mand Cnche Counties its injury is :e-r --,e t, an1
it is present in noticeable numbers in L.. r.d Ej.is
Counties, At present the insect is mcs tl.y -n the pupa stages

APPLE tAlTD THORI 3:KE.LETOITZ7R (H.Wero-hila -tr1ana Clerck)

A. I. Bourne (Mune 24): The apple a.nd thc.-r- sei. -tonizer is
beginning to rrina.:e 1.'.-. ,ppe.rincc;, anrdhr.s bcr-e n-'t-fl. in Akherst
and vicinity for abut a reek. Sore frait :rove-s hr.ve felt
it necessary to spray young trees, 'ihich up to no'.' it has not
been necessry to -ive any f attention to.,

C. R. Crosby -and. assistants: The insect is getting well under
7ay and there f,'e prospect" of a her,.-y'. ia.*7e-.sti.rn-L in Ulster
County; (Miay 29): Lsrvae Ere fc-tnd in some orchards in Dutchess
Courity but net very numerous to date, while in Alboany Coun'cy
eggs are just beginning to hatch.

A BTJD MOTH (Recurvaria crataegella Busck)

I. M. Hawley (June 23): Was found working in buds of apple
in Boxelder County,near Garland. This is the first time it
has been noted in this State. The work is similar to that
of the bud moth,


TENT C.,TJ RF ILLTA (Malacosoma amer ir.,-,n. Fab,)


A. I. Bourne (Jure 24): General dispersal of larvae began to
occur about June 5-9. Almost invariably this species was found
to be still on the increase and to have been present in larger
numbers generally throughout the S'v-,te than last year. 1,r.
Putnam, county agent of Franklin Covrnty, reported that in
Green-field the arpte tent, caterpillars, as the-y n.-.-ed. maturity,
in one case were obse.'x ed to be cr.za, rig c. a l rcm a hedge row
of wild cherries, which they had nearly defoliatasl, across a
considerable strip of' open, plowe& Tc.nd, ar'i had bect-'n to
feed on a sa-'Jl planting of srtb':rries, ofk:rn. in from the
side next to the wild cc. rre; w i." c.;n7.iderable rapil."ity.
These youn- plants, se-. at las". f.al., were tn-rc-ing out r-nmners
quite abundantly before the att2c r an! saeried to be ]Trti:-arly
attractive to the caterpillars, '..& the larvae were threatening
to do considerable if -.h:k Within a fe days
they had completely defoliated a considerable area of the bed.







Ilew ylorki


ITew Jer sey



.Maryland


Connecticut


C. R. Crosby and assistants: Very plentiful this year and
may be seen on practically all roadside :trees and in Tractically
all orchards in Suffolk Cov-nty, while it is also observed quite
plentifully in neglected orchards in Albany County on roadside
trees.

Fred. N. Schott (June 14): On Long Island this insect is
found in considerable numbers in some orchards.

Fred N. Schott (June 14): In the northern half of ITe-.
Jersey this insect is found in considerable :nuL.mcrs in some
orchards.

J. A, Hyslop (June 1): Tents of tent caterpillars are more
numerous than any year in the past five years at Avanl. -n
the McSeeney orchard they average 1 tent per tree on apples,
and are seriously defoliating some trees.

F.-LL CAliKWCK" (Alsophila prmataria Harr.)

W. E. Britton (June 9): Many trees stripped. Excrement dropping
made a noise like rain. Some larvae nearly full g.-o-i, others
only half-grown,' both green and a--'.y .arae present, in
the vicinity of Greenwich, Stinford, and iltew Haven.


FALSE APPLE RED BUG (Lj menf-p: Reut.)


Connecticut




New York










Virginia



Indiana


W. E, Britton (J'ne 11): Yc-r-. fruit badly scarred and
punctured, at Danbtiry. Observed work at TTallingford, June
1l; less abundcr.nt around ITe- Haven as compared with an average
year.

Cs R. Crosby and assistants: Unusually abundant in Orleans
County. Are ae,-,u-n ant in scatter-:i orchar'Is in Tayne County,
but apparently occur in smaller nunfjcrs than last year; in
Columbia County they do not appear tc be very nrmc-r-cuw. In
Dutchess County this insect was rather r..r..-rous in a few
orchards and found in small numbers in Ls'.sau County. They
are hatching rather late in Rockland County, but appear to be
quite numerous. In Ulster County they are rather xiiely
distributed but only two heavy infestations were observed, All
are in the second nymphal stage.

We J, Schoene (May 31): This pest seems to be gradually
invading the apple section of the She.-i--ndoah aliey f:'or the
North. It is serious in some large orchards at Winchester,

B, A, Porter (May 27): A moderate infestation noted in a
neglected orchard at Vincn'.i-. > an the late fourth
instar. (-Ju-or.e 23): Light irnfe. atirns noted in several orchards
in Knox, Daviess, and Vander".aurg 6ounti.es. In the first Two
cOuntiec mt-itioned, adults have been captured. In Vandorburg
County, characteristic injury was noted, but no adults were
found.






-120-


Kentucky


B. A. Porter (Ju;ae 10), A rather severe infestation noted in
an iHendtQ orJh-d r'-r :enderson, Kyj On the above date the
bugs -e-re iture. Aroher severe infestation has been reported
12 miiles sotZh of Henderson,


A LEJ-H"?f'P (CJi"adeillt hierolrphica Say)


Missouri


A. C. Burrill (May 24)): An apple orchard was so badly attacked
by this spec-es that the county agent cnl~l upon me for a relief
measure. Deterr:mination of this insect was made by T. L. !4cAtee.


LEAFHOPPERS (Jassidae)


Massachusetts


Utah


'Te'7 York


A, I, Bourne (June 24): Leafhoppers are particularly prevalent
this year. The pest has been practically reduced to a minimum
in those orchards where the nicotine was used. In many cases it
is hard to find any amount of material damage of these insects
where careful attention was given in the calyx application. In
other orchards where no particular attention was given to these
insects when the calyx spray was mput on, the pest has multiplied
to an alarming extent. Although. not positively identified it
is apparently Empoasca rosae. Adults beg= to appear June 16.

Geo. Fo Knowlton (June 7): Leafhoppers are becoming numerous
on apple trees and rose bushes. Most of them are not yet adults*

C. R. Crosby and assistants: In IT,-.sau County this insect is
appearing in great numbers, and at Sodus, Wayne County, it is
hatching quite rapidly in the orchards. In Columbia County a few
adults have been observed and are beginning to appear quite
commonly in Ontario County, also appearing very commonly in
Ulster County.


BUTJFFALO TRZ.HOFFT.- (Ceresa bubalus Fab..)


Geo. F. Knowlton (June 7): The buffalo and other treehoppers are
doing considerable injury to some of the apple ond peach orchards
in Cache and Weber Counties. One orchard especially had a great
deal of damage done to young peach trees set out two years ago,
the scars covering practically all of the surface of the young
trees. Usually the worst damaged orchards are being used for
raising alfalfa.


A ROSE CLHAFRM (Macrodactylus angustatus Beauv.)


H. H. 'Wi,.ht (May 24): Reported as doing considerable damage to
apple at Ellijay.


APPLE FLEA-7EEVIL (Orchestes pallicornis Say)


New York


Indiana


C. Ro Crosby and assistants: In Onondaga County this insect is
reported doing considerable damar-e in one orchard.

J. J. Davis (June 21): Has been reported in conspicuous numbers
in the southern third of 'he State.


Utah


Georgia






- 121 -


APPL3 T7IG-LC F_. (Ai-ohccrus bicaudatus Say)


Nebraska


..M. Se (:.1-J7r-: A!ple t-5i considerably inj:red
by the a-o-Nle t-icr ",ere sent in du-ing the last T'eek ii: I..7
from SaunLero County.


ET=OP... RBD :"ITE (Parne Lu osnsC. )


Massachusetts



Connecticut


Ohio


Connecticut


A. I. Dourne (Jvne 24): The European red-mite is very generally
distributed, and seems to be increasing rapidly where measures for
its control have niot yet been put into effect.

Philip G:-.rvLn (June 24): Very fevw of these insects have been
noticed this year as co,.:-ared with an average year.

H. A. Gossard (June 20): 'An orclard of D-acmson -plu.as that was v.ry
badly infested last y'Lr rith ? -r.t 'cus pilo.s- ITGS given a
dormant spray of miscible oil (cne of the proprietar, paraffin
miscible cils) and is so clean of mites that it is almost impossiblU
to locate even a single individual.

PEAR

ZIG-SZ-- P. R '" -. (Arilus sinuctus Oliv.)

M. P. Zappe (May 25): Several old trees have brnn killed by this
insect and had to removed at Shelton.


PEAR PSYLIA (P --i r.v.i-ol-i Foerst.)


Connecticut


Ne.7 York





Ohio


Net York


Utah


Philip Garman (Juiie 24): Abundant in a few orchards at Southing-
ton; also reported from Hebron.

C. R. Crosby a--. assistants: -Th. nar psylla is rather numerous
in Ontario, l.onroe, Onondna, Orlu ans, and Genesee Counties, and
it is also _cported present in T-ayn3, ".ia.ra, and Ulster Counties
in noticeable numbers. E,. _ere generally be.rinning to hatch
during the middle of the month.

H. A. Gossard (June 12): Yomuar larvae of the eer rsv-,lla wera
observed on the leaves of pear at -' erviile on this date. The
par trees .ere quite discoii'ed i'h soof .f..v s lasf fell but
were sprayed with s:L, eci e fur the scr-m.-t sra and. i th lime
sulphur and arsenate cf leead for the p4eal-fall spray. At the
rrezcnt time iz is very difficult to find any larvae at all.

F7R,.- LE_ BLIST3I-1"ITE (Z-i:.,hy: s 2aL Pgst.)

C. R. Crosby and assistants: Injury sho'.:ing up in most orc'.?rds
to a slight degree in Colunbia County.

Geo. F. Kno'lton (June 7): The pear-leaf blister-mite -ork is
sho-ing up &-Tovnd the State nor;. On! bad in a small percentage
of the orchards, and in certain varietIts of'trees.










New York


-122-

PEAR I G. (Co.rtarrnia ,_j ri-.ora Riley)

Co R. C,'osby ax.d assist: nt..: Ob7er-ed for the first time
in Colum'ia County, on '.T 3L; ',"-ie on J2ne 7 the insect
was certainly a factc'r here. The Li-ect and. the infested
fruits can easily be found in rr'ot orc?.irds and in some
the :r'.-:e is seri:.. In U.ster County, on :,:y 22, Bosc
variety was found infested. In Dutchess County the first
larvae were observed on Iay 23, and by Jv.ne lx it was
found to be rather general in most orchards.


PjCH

ORIEhTAL PEACH MCTH (Laspeyresia molesta Busck)


Connecticut



Maryland


Georgia




Indiana






Georgia





South
Carolina


Philip Garman (l.ay 24): First signs of twig injury noticed
on May 23, in Fairfield County. Apparently less abundant
thhn last year.

Ao L. Quaintance (Juner 30): "iTot nearly as bad as last year
in Montgomery County.

J. D. More (June 4): Within the locality of Valdosta this
insect was reported attacking peach twigs and fruit.

PIN-HOLE BCTR- (Ionarbhum fasciatum Say)

B9 A. Porter (June 23): In late May be?.n attacking. peach
trees which had been killed or wen eni,-i. by the Tinter at
Vincennes. Appeared before the shot-hole borer.

!B7ELVE-SOrTED CUCLTJ.R E.?L (Diabrotica 0-:odecijmpunctcta ,-q ,
i'.z 47ab,)

Oliver IL Snapp (June 11): Injury to foliage 6f o'e-year-old
peach trees by this insect was severe enough in one orchard
to warrant control measures at Fort Valley4

3i^iL FL3'.."^ B3 C' hbra in L.)

J, A, Berly (JUne 16): One specimen of this insect was received
mx" reported as dg,!-ing the f rait on s several peach trees,
early variety.


G-RZEP T PEACH APH3ID (:%. PeScae -!zo)


iebraska


Utah


M. H, S--'enk (May 15-June 15): In south-central Nebraska there
have been reporta. of the green peach aphid being numerous
on peach foliage.

Geo. F. Xrowlton (May 27): The green peach arhid is found
corr-irnonly on peaches this spring. It was collected from 1S
different plants in this State last zu.mner, and seems to be
common and often doing damage in the g-rdens.






-123-


PTjM CUECULIO (Conotrachelus nerunohar Hbst.)


MUassachusetts




















Connecticut



Delaware



Georgia




Missouri


A. I. Bourne (June 24): The rl-m= c!':rI-Tio was vnucually late
in making its appearance this year, Here at Ahr't there was
no 8iga .of. the adult until the 'Lh of uJ::,. 'h2s ->te w7s
approximately a -eel-:, or slightly over, later tnan the calyx
spray of apples. Thus far we hv-e sean very little scarring
of fzuit caused by this insect. Unde: date of JunP. 17, Mr.
Farrar of Middlesex County reports finding very ferT scars as
yet. Mr, Calkins of northern 7Worcester Corunty reports the
approximate date of first app-2rrance as aroui.d the 12th to
14th for this particular section, and reports from Mal"Iooro
in the central or southern part of the county make this date
around the 9th s d 10th, In isolated orchards the pest has
been doing considerable damage but generally throughout the
county does not seem to be quite as severe as last year. 7Ir.
Fiske, another grower in -.orcester County, reports fi.di.= no
visible evidence of injury by the curculio up to the l4th of
June. Mr. Gould, in the western p-rt of -anpshire County, reports
having collected the adults beginning about the Sth or lOth of
June, and reports that up to the pr esent time damage to the
fruit by the stings has been very slight.

M. P, Zappe (June 24): Unsprayed crab apples nearly 100 per
cent injured. Curculios appeared a little earlier than usual
this year at Hamden.

G. 0. Houghton (Juwie): Apples, espL.ci illy, have been badly
injured by this insect in Ithis section (],Tenark) and a heavy
drop of fruit has occurred of late.

Oliver I. Snapp (June lh): The peach crop is remarkably free
from curculio injury this year, nnd is the cleanest since
1919. Early varieties are now moving free from curculio damage
at Fort Valley.

L. Haseman (June 20): Has been abundant in the central lart of
the State; cherries, plums, and apples show serious injury. In
south cherries larvae are about one-half gro7n.


U-RY LZA.?-B3- T2L (Galerucella cavicollis Lec.)


Michigan


R. H. Pettit (June 24): Receiving daily numbers of this insect
from the cherry belt of the State. The cherry belt extends up
the nor then half of thle weesi c'ps and into the Upper Feninsula.
Galerucella seems to be more nuinerou-s than in previous years.


WVO-SF0TTD C',0: (,e bimlta Gyll.)


Nebraska


M. H. Swenk (May 15-Jwie 15): During the last week in i.Tay the
beetle was complained of as eating the leaves and gnawing at the
young fruits of cherries in Fillmore County.









CF 7,APHI DC7 .s : TI-b)


C. R, Crosby and assistants: Pr1esent in
Columbia Co-unly on Juna 14, and be-'*,-.ing
growvth in L3 suer Cocarty on sour cherry.
severe on lack TPrtarian one-year buds,
trees are badly infested,


considerable numbers in
common cn ter-inl
At Hcaecye Falls it is
while at Milan young


Ohio


Indiana


Nebraska



Utah


Mississippi




Nebraska


New York


H. Ao, Gossard: This insect was received on 2.ay 20,from
KillbucI on sweet cherry, and on June 17 from Mt. Yernon on
swees cherry. I have observed it several times during the
last month to be rather numerous on sweet cherry at Wooster,

J. J. Davis (June 21): Common in some young cherry orchards
in central Indiana on June 19.

I:..H. Swenk (May 15-June 15): During latter May and early
June the cherry aphid was present on cherry trees in great
abundance everywhere.

Geo. F, Knowlton (June 10): The cherry aphid is distributed
over the State, but so far this year little real damage has been
noted,

PLUM

PLUM APHID (Hysteroneura setatiae Thos.)

R. W. Harned (M&y 27): The rusty plum aphid has attracted
considerable attention in the State this spring, as it usually
does at this time of the year. Specimens have been received
from almost every section of the State.

M. H. Swernk (May 15-June 15): During the latter part of May
and early June the rusty brown plum aphid was present on
plum trees in great abundance everywhere.

SAY'S BLISTER BEETLE (Bomphopoea ayi Lec.)

C. PR Crosby (June 13): Doing considerable damage to plum
trees at Tewark, while at Honeoye Falls, Mr, A. L i Pierstorff
reports this insect eating up two rows of Sapa plums.


RASPBMRgY

RASPBERRY FRUIT WORM (Byturus unicolor Say)


"Tew York


C. R. Crosby and assistants: qgite prevalent end a few7 men
have already sprayed for it in Chautauqua Ccuanty, while in
Ulster County,on May 22, they were observed emerging on this
date, and by June 7 were found to be very numerous in most
plant ings.


New York







-125-


ROS- CUiLA:-. ( cr,,.. gc-, .. spir ogs Fab.)


Massachusetts




Connecticut



Delaware


Ohio




Indiana


Tennessee


A, 1. Bourne (June 24): withinn the-.1ast wek,,the first
spec-mes of the rose chl-fer began to make their apper-ranee,
Within a .aiter of a day or two. roses, grapes, etc., have
bec;. found to be literally covered with them.

M. P. Zappe (June 24): First beetles were observed on
June 16, at Orange, Milford, and Hamdeno They ap -ear to be
more plentiful than usual as compared with an average year.

C. 0. Houghton (June 24): Mvuch less injury has been caused
by this pest than is usual here at Newark,

E. W. Mendenhall (June 26): Rose beetles are doing great
damage to apples, cherries, and grapes in Knox County.
Spraying arsenate of lead mixed with molasses seems to be
effect ive.

J. J. Davis (June 21): Reported from Vanderburg County June
11, and from other southwestern Indiana counties -bout
the same time, injuring fruit and foliage of piacb, apple,
cherry, black:berry, and -.are. They had been first observed
at Evansville in Vanderburg County on Mil 30, injuring
peach. Fr-ther to the east, especially in Harrison County,
poultrymen experiencing much trouble, the young chicl:ens
dying as a result of feeding on rose beetles which are very
abundant. In a letter dated June 18, County agent Clunie
of Corydon, Harrison County, writes: "Our county is being
absolutely -overrun with rose beetles. They are literally
creating the cherries and attacking apple trees and walnut
trees and it seems in sections where the outbreak is worst
that they are eating on all trees as well as roses and
shrubs. Blackbirds and doves and other birds which are eating
the insects are being found dead yn large numbers. (June 26):
The-rose.chafer id iow appear ing at ,Elkar'b'and other northern
Indiana points, dnma:ringf; apples, plums grapes, cherries currants,
etc. .. .

Bs A. Porter (June 23): Serious local outbreaks reported early
in the month from Evansville and Princeton near the above
localities.

G. M. Bentley (June 17): Specimens have been received from
25 different localities representing eastern, middle, and
western parts of Tennessee. Adult beetles eating partly
grown apples and peaches, also feeding upon cherries just
about ready to be picked. Rose bushes in sce 5 different
centers have been reported seriously damaged by this insect.
In Campbell County several hundred young chickens were killed
by eating this insect.









Nebraska


M. H, Swenk (May 15-June .5): the r-anchir.l counties the
rose chafer appeared in sor-.ehat supernormal numbers during the
7 -<, J;)'. e


GPhCE LFAJHCPLS (rthrornara corres -ay)


New York


Mississippi


C. R# Crosby and ass.stonts: Has E1o'n up in considerable
n'urzbers in cert-iz- placcs in Chau~tauaua Ccunty in the last
two clays, June 14.

CTJRPTh 1T

GOOS-?ER.Y FRJTTJO,1R (Zophodia ,rcs ulri e Iil )

R. W. Harned (Iklay 27): An insect thought to be the gooseberry
fruitworm has attracted some attention as a pest of the
blueberry at Poplar, Pearl River County.


CUR7ANT APHID (QL:vs ribis L.)


:TerT York





Del. r e



Ohio


Indiana


Nebraska


Utah


New York



Nebraska


C. R. Crosby and assistants: Few of these insects are
appcriring in Chautauqua County on .43-y 24, while in Ontario
County they appeared rather commonly on the opening leaves.
In Ulster County they w ere common and in some patches rather
serious on June 7,

C. 0, Houghton (June): This plant-louse is more abundant than
usual here at Newark, and causing serious injury to some
plants.

H. A. Gossard (June 10): Received from Black Rur. on currant
on June 10, and from Mt. Vernon on June 17.

J. J. Davis (June 21): Common throughout the State, reports
being r eceived 41ay 22 to June 5.

M. H. Swenk (May 15-June 15): An almost unprecedented
abundance for Nebraska of the currant aphid has occurred.

Geo. F. Xnowlton (June lS): The currant aphid is doing
considerable damage to the red currants in &nithfield, nearly
all leaves being rolled and discolored, with the under side of
the leaves nearly covered with wingless and a fe7 winged forms.


I'FORTED CTJP.RAJT TORM (Pteronidea ribesi Scop.)


C. R. Crosby and assistants: W7orms were found h-btching and
feeding in Ulster County on May 17, and by the 29th of :.lay
infestations were scarce and light.

M. H. S"enk (:"ay 15--Je 15)- The imnovrted currant 'orm
was quite injurious, as usual, to currants tand gooseberries
during latter May and the first week in June.






-127-


CUPJR.AITT STS.-G.IDLER (Janus integer Norton)


Midi igan


Mississippi


'eorgia


Mississippi


R. H. Pettit (June 19): The currant stem-girdler has appeared
in one or two places and the one located near Grand Rapids has
girdled off the tips of 2 acres of currants.

PECAT

HICKORY SHOOT CURCULIO (Conotrachelus aratus Germar)

o. W, Harned (May 27): An insect that is thought to be the
hickory shoot-curculio has been serious enough to attract
considerable attention at several points in the State, Specimens
have been received from Jones, LeFlore, and Lincoln Counties,
This insect has not attracted attention as a pecan pest in
previous years,

PFC.AIT-LEAF CASE-BEIR- (Acrobasis nebulella Riley)

N. P. Peebles (May 17): Reported from Macon, Bainbridge, and
Preston attacking pecans.

R. W. Earned (May 27): Quite a few complaints have been
received from southern Mississippi during the past few weeks in
regard to the pecan case-bearer damaging pecan trees. Apparently
these insects are much more numerous than usual in the region
from 30 to 60 miles north of the Gulf Coast.


PhIylloxera spp.


Mississippi


R. W. Harned (June 20): Are apparently more numerous on pecan
trees throughout this State this year than during any recent
year. Complaints in regard to them are being received almost
every day from different parts of the State.


PHYLLOXERA GALLS (Phylloxera caryae-ren Riley)


Mississippi


R. W. Harned (May 27): These galls have attracted much attention
in different parts of the State during the past few weeks. The
only specimens that have so far been determined definitely were
determined by T. L. Guyton, Harrisburg, Pa,, as Phylloxera
caryae>-ren,


FALL W EBWORM (Hyphantr ia cunea Dru.)


Mississippi





Mississippi


M. R. Smith (June 17): The fall webw-orm is beginning to show
up slightly on pecan trees at Atta Bena. Judging from the
size of the caterpillars seen, their generation is in its earliest
stages.
A-LEAF.BEETLE (Coplasis favosa Say)

R. W. Harned (June 20): The leafbeetle Colaspis favosa was
found seriously injuring pecan leaves in a nursery at
Pascagoula on June 15.












A MOTH

J. M, Robinson (June 25): The blueberry industry has been
developing in southern Alabama in the last two years. It
has one moth that is causing a small percentage of damage to
the fruit. We have not yet been able to determine definitely
the species. As soon as we breed out some adultss, we 7ill
then be able to report more definitely on this insect.

VRUCK-CROP INSECTS


MISCELLANEOUS FEEDERS

PAINTED LADY BLUTZRTFLY (Vanessa cardui L.)


J. J. Davis (June 25): Reports of abundant occurrence on
Canada thistle have come from Ho':'ard, St. Joseph, La Porte,
Tippecanoe, Benton, and Whitley Counties, in some cases
apparently cleaning up infestations. I do not imagine that
they destroyed the infestations but doubtless they did
prevent seeding in some cases, First reports were received
June 23 and others yesterday and today,*

V, L, Wildernmth (June l6): In the June 1 number of the
Insect Pest Suarvey Bulletin I notice with considerable
interest E. A, McGregor's description of the migration of the
painted lady butterfly. It will be of interest to place upon
record the fact that the flight of this butterfly also
occurred through southern Arizona in approximtely the same
numbers as estimated by Mr, McGregor. For a period of five
days following April g the air was full of this painted
lady at all times, the general direction of flight being
northwest. Observations were made at Tempo, Tucson, and Yuma,
and at all these places the numbers seemed to be about the
same.
I was interested in ino'ing that Mr. McGregor thou,- that
possibly the source of this migration was either the foothill.
of the Sierras or the Sierras proper, We have been suspicious
that the source was somewhere in central Mexico. It would,
indeed, be interesting to know the exact source of this
unusual flight.

CUTi'ORM S (Noctuidae)

3 14 Patch (June 3): A report of cutworms ras received
from Skcwhegan statlfing "Destroying everything in the garden."
Nc specimens were subra-itted. (Ji-ne 20): One n3'rly [rcwn
larva of Arr is iynoilcn was sent fro Old Orcard with the
report "The ground seems to be well filled with them. They
eat my cucumbers, peas, and beans."


Alabama


Indiana







Arizona


Maine






-129-


Connecticut



New York










Texas


Tennessee


M. P. Zappe (June 24): Many complaints of catworr. injury
to practically all garden truck have been received from
New Haven County,

A. G. 1Terhall (May 20): Cutworms were first observed on this
date attacking truck crops at Jilliarnson, W7ayne County.

K. E. Paine (June 14): Climbing cutworms are very numerous
all through the grape belt in Chautauqua County and are
doing nuch dnmLne to young grapes and tomatoes.

POTATO AND TOMATO


TOMATO SUCK-FLY (Macrolophus separatus Uhler)


B M. High 1Je tn5. On my recent trip to Texas I found that
the tomato suck-fly has extended its range the past year and
that it is just getting into the tomato-growing district
of eastern Texas, although i1r. Del Curto says that it has
been in Austin more than t-'7o years. Mr. Del Curto was in the
Valley on his way to Mexico and informed me that it was almost
impossible to grow tomatoes about Austin on account of the
suck-fly. I went to College Station to see what they had on
the distribution of this pest. They report it as far east as
Troup.

IMBRICAT[D SNOUT-B21TLE (Epicaerus imbricatus Say)

G. I.1. Bentley (June 17): SeVeral reports were received
accompanied by specimens and injury to young tomato plants.


TOMATO FRUITWORM (HelA6tihis. obsoleta Fab.)


Mississippi




Louisiana


H. W. Allen (June 23): Heliothis obsoleta has been doing more
damage to green tomatoes at A. & '.. College. In one block
examined 2 per cent had been destroyed; in another, somewhat
more mature, 12 per cent were destroyed.

C. E. Smith (Jane 10): I do not believe that I have ever
observed this insect as bad on tomatoes at Baton Rouge as it is
this year.


CB3AGBE

CABrAJZ :3r.'"I (Hvlemyia brassicae Bouche)


Connecticut



New York


W. BE. Britton (June 24): This pest is attacking cabbage at
Vernon, Hebron, Hamden, New Haven, and Ellington. The
abundance is about as usual.

C. R, Crosby and assistants: The cabbage maggot is not as
serious as last year in Ontario County and but few flies
have been observed in Wayne County. In Nassau County there
was heavy oviposition during the latter part of May.







-1530-


Ohio H. A, Gossard (June 4): The cabbage root maggot was received fro !
New Commrstown Jmuie 4 on cb&ae. have also observed it to
b-e rather plentiful on cabb'r.e and cc.uliflower around Wooster.

S"IRITBiRRy

*STRBYEFRY LL -ROLLER (Ancylis coap tan:. Fr ehl.)

Kansas J. W. :.IColloch (June 11): .Many leaves of strawberry are
infested in an acre patch at Stafford.

STRA3RRY J 'A-BTL (Haltica ignta ill.)

Aine E. M. Patch (May 29): A report of flea-beetles was received
from Gorham stating that "They are coming from my old bed to
my new set-out one." This is evidently a heavy infestation.

New York G. E. R. Hervey (:Oy l'): Flea-beetles were found to be very
destructive in some plantings of strawberry in Dutchess County,
especially inthose where the plants have bee-n sot out this
year.
STI.J'BERRY ROCT-iE'.IL (Brachyrhinus sp. )

Utah I. M. Hawrley (June 23): The strawberry crown girdler is -or!:ing
in old strawberry patches throughout the State. It h.s been
sent in fro.n Utah, Cache, Weber, Morgan, Salt Lakeand Bbxelder
Counties.

Geo. F. Knowlton (June 11): Stra:-berry root-reevils, Brachyrhirnus
ovatus L. and B. ruizifrons Gyll., have. been observed this spring
in Logan and Smithfield. Last year they destroyed one patch and
damaged many patches in Cache and other counties.

STL-','BZF.RY TEEVIL (Anthpnomus signatus Say)

Maine E. M. Patch (Moy 29): A single specimen of the strawberry weevil
was sent with about 20istriwberry flea-beetles from Gorham.
They were evidently feeding in company.

eew- York G. E. R. Hervey (L.by l6): Adults were observed on two plantings
in Butchess County and in one case were causing some injury.
(May 29): Injury has been very slight this y2ar and very fe'
growers have found it necessary to use control measures

C. C, Wagoner (May 17): Injury is found quite cor .non in Ulster
County. (May 19): Eggs rrere found on this date. (May 29):
Infestations are very light0

A. B. Buchholz Miy 24): This pest is reported in one bed though
for this time of year in Columbia County they appear to be very
scarce. (May 31): Whaila not appearing to be very aboundc-nt spray
warning 7ps seat aut on this-ciata.







-131-


Tennessee


G. :.I Bentley (June 17): This is a serious pest to cultivated
stra'-berriRs in eastern and. western Tennessee,


CUT2'.ORMS (Noctuidae)


Michigan


R. H. Pettit (June 14): Mr. Harrman just got back from a
visit to Lak6 City where he looked into the cutworm matter.
He finds that the ground on which the asparagus -as planted
has light, sandy soil. The land had been in sod for several
years until it was plowed in 1921 and planted to oorn and in
1922 it was plowed and fertilized with 40 loads of barnyard
manure to the acre, planted to asparagus. It is still in
asparagus. In 1922 the cutworms were very plentiful, injuring
the crop and causing serious loss. The worms have decreased each
year quite materially. The damage is done chiefly below
the surface of the ground and shows up when the stalk puIshes
through, then displays the so-called "cripple." It seems that
some of the work is done at the surface, or at least that the
worms come to the surface at night and travel about, but that
they do much of their work beneath the surface. The owner
has been able to collect a quart of mr.ore of the cutworms during
a night by searchin- with a lantern,
.ow abuut the, failure of the bran bait: After a considerable
in4ui~y it develops that they used arsenate of ledd instead of
white arsenic in making their bait and, of course, it is perfectly
natural that it should not work.
I sent them a pound of arcenate of soda and 3 ouncbs'oflhigh-
grade banana oil with instructions for making up 20 pounds of
bran to find out if that would work. Apparently that did; they
used it on another crop which was being attraced by cutworms
and the cut.-orm work ceased immediately after the application
of the bait.


BEJTS

MEXICAIT BEAT BEETLE (Epilachna corrunta Muls. )


South
Carolina


Georgia


J. A. Berly (June 16): The I.'exicin bean beetle has appeared
in numbers within the past two weeks and is sufficiently
injurious to warrant control measures, the principle injury
being to snap beans.

T. F. Howard (June 27): ITow eastward to a line from York to
Aiken County.

Neale F. Howard (June 16): The :exicar. bean beetle has now
been found in a belt extending from Troup and Stewart Counties
in the western part of the State across the State to Richmond
and Burke Counties, so that new this in-ect covers practically
the northern two-thirds of the 3taEe. (June 27): Fcund'j.il--1miles
west of Thomasville.







Tennessee


Ohio


Alabama


Mississippi


Connecticut



New York



Wisconsin


-132-
G. M. Bentley (June 17): At present it infests 70 of the 95
counties of the State. At present the adults, egs, and larvae
can be found. Adult beetles seem to be doing more injury from
eating this sprig than previously.

H. A, Gossard (June 20): Reported from Chilllacothe and
Columbus.

Neale Fo Hovward (June 9): Prof. J. Y. Robinson reports that a
number of specimens have been taken at Auoib';rin in Lee County.
This infestation was reported by r. Thomas last year,
but the beetles were very scarce,

R, B. Deen (May 30): Beetles were found on 4 new anr.,2 of`
last yearr's -'jesv in Tishomingo County. They w2re all
adults, probably the ones that passed the winter in hibernation.

Neale r, Howard (June 9): Prof. R.'W. Earned reports 6 new
properties infested at Belmont, in TishaiimLgoCounty. This
county was found to be infested by the State Plant Board last
yeam and was reported. (June 16): Infestation at Corinth, in
Alcorn County.

R. W. Harned (June 20): The Mexican bean beetle has invaded
two new counties during the past month. They have been found on
farms in Alcorn and Prentiss Counties. This makes four cc.nties
in the northeastern corner of the State that are now infested
with this insect. Tishorningo and Itawamba Counties were infested
early in 1923.

PEAS

PEA APHID (Illinoia pisi Kalt.)

B. H, Ralden (June 19): One field of peas at New Haven badly
infested; in two fields no aphids were observed. They are
less abundant this year.

L. C. Tyler (May 29): Aphids were observed in small numbers
on peas this date in Nassau County. (June 7): Aohids are
becoming more numerous and threaten to become serious.

J. E, Dudley Jr. (June I): On account of the cool, wet spring
the conditions surrounding the Government Field Station at
Columbus are quite unusual.
The pea aphid hatched late in April and has been very
slor-ly increasing and spreading until now it is present
in practically all clover and alfalfa fields in this vicinity
although none have yet been found on peas. There is an unusual
abundance and thorough distribution of the aphids natural
enemies. Ladybirdsbeetles are very thick and in some fields
will doubtless control the aphid entirely. Cn T-'a 31 over one
thousand of these beetles were collected with the aphidozer
from about one acre of alfalfa. Syrphid flies have pat in
their appearance. Internal parasites of the aphid represent
in unusual numbers for this time of the year, and in places the
fungous disease has already killed 30 to 40 per cent of the


I5





-133-


With all these enemies at work it begins to look as though
the aphid mirAht be held in partial check unless especially
favorable weather for the aphid should occur between now and the
start of the canning operations.

Excerpt from J. E, Dudleyrs letter of June 24).'Yesterday we
ran the aphidozer through an acre of alfalfa just before it
was cut and secured a.very interesting collection of many
species of insects. **** We recovered 9,67 ,'yrphid larvae of
two principal species, 735 coccinellid larvae, and 482 coccinellid
adults, making a grand total of 11,134 predators which were
actually counted. There were hundreds of very small syrphd
larvae which escaped us and probably thousands of coccinellid
larvae which it was not possible to find or count. This gives
some idea of what the total-number of predators in all stages must
be in an acre of heavily infested alfalfa. I expect to have this
test duplicated later on peas. We have colonized most of these
predators in a pea field as heavily infested as any of them are
at present in an effort to ascertain '-hether control by predators
is possible 7hen they occur in very large numbers,,

Nebraska M. H, Swenk (May 15-June 15): Ornamentals of various sorts have
bhown a widespread and heavy infestation, especially by
Macros iphum Rs on sweet peas.
Utah I. M. Hawley (June 23): The pea aphid is not numerous so far
this year. There are a few on some vines but it is doubtful if
there will be any loss from it as peas-are no* forming pods.

BLACK-LINED CUr,.COR: (Agrotis fennica, Tausch.)

Maine E. M. Patch (May 27): Nearly full-fed larvae were sent in from
Maplewood Farm at Wells with the s a.tement that they are
destroying peas. These are the first specimens of this species
that I have seen in many years.

TUILI 73.lR S

STRIPED CjCUU;ER BTTLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab,,)

Massachusetts A. I, Bourne (June 211): First appearance in the eastern part of
the State the 15th 17th of June. Same date noted here at
Apherst and vicinity when large numbers of them literally covered
the young developing squash and cucumber plants. The severity
of attack was more marked than had been noted for several years.

Ohio T, Ho Parks (June 23): Very injurious to cucumbers and water-
melons in the Scioto Valley. The calcram-ar s.-na:e and grpzslm
dust mixture is being used successfully ii: controlling thetn

Indiana J. J. Davis (june fl): Peports again indicate best control with
calcium arsenate and gypsurm mixture. They are not as abundant
this year as usual.

LIBRARY
STATE PLANT







Mississippi



Mi s souri


Nebraska


Mississippi




Connecticut







Georgia


Iorwa


tah


Tew York


Illinois


Wisconsin


R Harned (June 20): The &triped c-acuiAber beetle has, as
usual been reported as inijurious to melons at several points in
the State.

L. Haseman (June 20): in the central part of the State it has
appeared on crops only in the last week, June l14-21.

M. H. Swenk (May 15-June 15): More than usually nmtcous,
id doing serious injury to curcubits at this tire.,

MELOIT APHID (Aphis gossypii Glov.)

Re W. Harned (May 27): The melon aphid has been reported as
rather abundant in cucumber fields around Wiggins, in Stone
County.
POTATQ FL:A-BEZTLE (Epitrix cucumaris Harr.)

W. E, Britton (June 24): Flea-beetles are attacking cucumber,
squash, tomato, and eggplant at Torth "aven, Woodstoc:, Brooklyn,
Danielson, Cheshire, Southington, and Plainville.



ffELVE-SPOTTED CUCUIBEP-3FETLE (Diabrotica dubdecimpunctata
)"b.
C. V. Shirley (June 2): This insect is reported as very
destructive to watermelon at Fayetteville, in Fayette County.

ONIONS

OITIONT THRIPS (Thrips tabaci L.)

Carl J. Drake (May 29): The onion tbfips seems to be quite
numerous in the vicinity of Ames this spring. This insect did a
considerable amount of damage to the onion crop in this State last
year.

I. M. Hawley (June 23): Work of the onion thrips began to
appear about June 1 and is quite abundant now in Davis County.

ONION '.AGG3T (Hylemyia antiqua Meig,)

E. L. Felix (May 29): A few maggots have been found infesting
the old onions in the field at Elba.

C. C.Compton (June 12): Maggots are appearing in onions in
Cook County in considerable numbers. At this early date the
damage is not great.

J. E. Dudley, Jr. (May 24): General egg laying occurred on
May 16 and 17, -hicb were bright and warm. Cull onions used as
traps be cane infested to the extent of two eggs per cull in
Racine County. Egg laying has practically been suspended since
the 17th, due to cool, rainy weather. No natural enemies have been
observed.







Utah


Montana


Utah


Utah


Utah


Delawar e


-135-
I. M. Ea-ley (June 23): The onion ma,'-ot is destroyin- all onion.
in some places in C:'che County,
BEETS

SUGJfIL-3BT 'EBWORM (Loxostege sticticalis L.)

J. R. Parker (June 24): Large flights of sugar-beet webrormn
moths were noted during the first two weeks in June in many
localities east of the Divide and, judging from the -reat numbers
of moths, some d-mae to sugarobeets may result fromtthis pest.
Aside from grasshoppers and sugar-beet w'eborm moths, insect
pests have been present in unusually sral1l numbers.

I. M, Havwley (June 23): Sugar-beet webworms are ,ippearii in
injurious numbers in Utah, "Jeber, and Cache Counties.

SU3.j-R-DZ Z.;i r;omi (Caradrina exiagua Hbn.)

I. N. Hawley (June 23): Su;'-beet arrny-orms are doing considerable
damage in Utah County.

BUMRG-B ZT ROC2-MAGGOT (TetrnoE Il drich i Hendel)

I. M. Hawley (June 23): Sug'-r-beet root-mr:'--ot flies were late
in coming out. BTs are being deposited in ltrge numbers at the
present time.

A 3U7T LZJ2-TIIT-R (rc"orn-ia vicina Lint.)

C. 0. Houghton (June): Beet leCvee are very badly infested at
ITe'.7ark this year.


ST7T7T FC 1TLC7S

TCRTOI'33 P.T)LES


Mississippi


R. W. Harned (June 20): Several species of tortoise beetles have
been reported from different parts of the State on sweet potatoes,
including Chely.orpha cassidea Fab. ",et-iona bicolor Fab.,
Chirida guttata Oliv., and MJetriona bivittata Say.


FLEA-BEETLE S(Halt icinae)


South
Carolina


J. A. Berly (June 160: We have had one report from Eacley of
flea-beetles causing considerable damage to sweet potato plants
that had hot been set long. Did not have opportunity to determine
the species.


A BLISTE:- BE=TL3 (3 i -tuta ler'-is -ta Fab.


Mississippi


R. W. Harned (June 20): Flister betles have been reported as
damaging sweet potatoes and tomatoes in LeFlore and Suiflower
Counties.









-1536-


Alabama



Georgia




Georgia


Mississippi


SPLE( LARVAE (Herse cinmlata Fab. et a! )

J. M. Robinson (June 11): Testerday we received some specimens
of sphinx larvae of, at least, three different species, reported
as having already destroyed three acres of sweet potatoes.

H. M. Gaddis (May 25): Damage to street potatoes at Tifton by
sphinx larvae is minor.

Syntomeida impomeae Harr. )

B. MI. addis (August 7): Attacking moon vine at Ridgeville.

PEPPER

PPPER P TF:7IL (An.thonomus eurenii Cano)

M. M. High (June 5): The pepper weevil has shown up again in
spots, but apparently in small rn'mbers, although Alsmeyer
(county agent), San Benito, reports one heavy infestation in the
county, and I have arranged with him to conduct some experiments.





SOUTHERN FIELD- CR OP I iT SECTS

CCTrCUI

BOLL WEEVIL (Anthor.w':x frarAis 3oh.)


South Carolina



Georgia



Mississippi


Oklahoma


Texas


J. A. Berly (June 16); Received within the past few weeks a few
weevils from Orangeburg, Greenwood, and Clemson College, collected
on young cotton plants in fields.

J. W, Bunn (May 28): At Fairfax they are juiist startin- to appear.
Although no other material has been sent in since the above date,
reports are that the boll weevil is becoming increasingly prevalent.

T. F, McGehee (June 17): First weevil found in this section on
May 24 this year as compared with May 28 last year. weevilss do
not appear to be as numerous this year as last year this same date.

R. W. Harned (June 20): The bell weevil is reported from most
sections of the State, but almost every-7here it seems to occur in
much less numbers than a year ago at this time.

Geo. E. Riley (June 1Z): 1,950 stalks of cotton about knee high
with from 5-1.0 squares were examined in vicinity of Yazoo and
Mississippi Rivers and not a single weevil ras found.

E. E, Scholl (June 23): Reported from the follo-'ing counties:
Sequoyah, LeFlore, %uskogee, Mclntosh, Johnston, Atoka, and Murray.


F. L. Thomas (June 7):
Brownsville.


Three per cent infestation reported from


CGARDEN Z'-TOR. (Lozostee similalis Guen.)


Oklahoma


Texas


Oklahoma


E. E. Scholl (June 23): The garden webwormnn is at work in cotton
fields in the extreme southeastern part of the State,

F. L, Thomas (June 20): Has been causing some concern to cotton
growers. It has been abundant in four counties. Began the last
of May in Hidalgo County.


WINGLESS MAY BEETLES (hyllophaga cribrosa Lec.)


E. E. Scholl (June 23): Wingless May beetles are very destructive
to cotton plants in the Counties of Cotton, Tillman, and Jackson.
The bran mash used for grasshopper control work is being successfully
used for this insect.


COTTOI0 APHID (Aphis ossypii Glov..)


J. W, Bunn (May 28):
present at Fairfax.


Heavily parasitized; many ladybird larvae


- 137 -


Georgia




- 138 -


Oliver I. Snapp (June 14):
season at Fort Valley.


Very abundant in some fields this


CO7PEA CURCULIO (Chalcodermus aeneus Boh.)


T. F. Carter (May 8):
ing cotton.


Reported from E7perL1.ient and Social, attack-


Georgia


Alabama


Mississippi n


Oliver I. Snapp (June 7): A planter at Culverton reports that
about 10 acres of cotton has been seriously injured by this insect
at this place.

GRANULATED CUTWORM (Feltia annexa Treit.)

F. S. Chamberlin (June 10): A very hBavy infestation of Feltia
annexa was observed in one instance at Tifton on June 10. The
infestation had started in a field of burr clover but as this
supply of food became exhausted, the larvae moved into a field
of cotton on one side and into a field of beans on the other.
Much damage was done in each instance.

COTTON-BOLL CUTWORM (Prodenia ornithogalli Guen.)

J. M. Robinson (June 25): The cotton-boll cutworm has been reoort-:
ed as doing considerable damage to cotton foliage in the northern
portion of the State.

R. W. Harned (June 20): The yellow striped army-ormr or cotton-
boll cutworm has attracted attention throughout the State during
the past month. Specimens were received from LeFlore, Jackson,
George, and Noxubee Counties.


STALK 30=3R (Panainema nitela Guen.)


South Carolina


Mississippi


Oklahoma


Alabama


J. A. Berly (June 21): Appeared in a field about June 16, and
has caused injury to quite a few plants at McCormick.

T. F. McGehee (June 17): Stalk borers are doing more damage than
usual to young cotton in this section, Holly Sprin.s.

R. W. Earned (June 20): The moth stalk borer has attracted some
attention in the northern part of this State as a pest of cotton
during June.

COTTON SQLUARE-BORER (Strymon melinus Hbn.)

E. E. Scholl (June 23): The cotton square-borer is at work on
cotton fields in the extreme southeastern part of the State.


A CUECULIONID


J. M. Robinson (June 25): May 29 we received several specimens
of a beetle from Cedar Bluff, -:hich has been determined by H. P.
Loding of Mobile as being LeriCcrcLis herricki Pierce. This
insect was reported from Mississippi in 1904 as attacking cotton
foliage and doing considerable damage.


Georgia










'::'PI2 (2,atUerl da)


T. E. Holloway (J-ne 17): In response to a request of a sugar
planter, Wt. E. Anderson, State entomulogist, axd. I visited a planta-
tion near i.ior'n City, 'ni f-do"'-01.d 11'riio jri: yor r s, J.u r caic
in lo, nel.Iy cleared Irnd. 'i" "eyes" -el da.ir.ged on -he planted
seed cane, ard bo:'-ngs <;ere made at the base of the young plants
so.L.Ei t similar to the r-ork of Diatraea. Three hundred acres were
said to be affected. Several control experiments -7ere started.


Virginia






Indiana















Kentucky


Tennessee


FOREST AN2D SHADE-TREE INSECTS

iKTscrLL.TTcULS FEFLD.S

PERIODICAL CICADA (Tibicina se-otendecim L.) Brood XXIII.

William Uiddleton (Juxne 4): I picked up the acco -n-'ing pupa case
of what appears to be the periodical cicada at -U.s 1 hxch, Va.,
on June 4. This mray be fairly interesting because no emergence is
due there this year. I guess that it is a belated individual of
the 14th brood and if there are sufficient of thicm tlhey form a
regular appcarin.g colony of the 15th brood.

J. J. Davis (June 21): 3. r,: to shCw u'p in Vand.erburg and Gibson
Counties on June 11, and 7(:.t,- Try reccrued it fro!,, P -sey County
on June 12. County agent Wilson of Evansville L.ade a trip from
Evansville to Terre Haute on June 14 and observed cic-;dao plentiful
as far north as Sullivan.

B. A. Porter (June 3): Large numbers are emerging at Vincennes.
Basil E. !_ontgomrery al3 observed numbers of pupa shells on June 1.
(23): Definite reports have come in of the occurr,.nce of one or
mrre swarms in each of the follow-ing Counties: 7iw-:erburg, Posey,
Gibson, Pik., X.no;:, and Daviess. The first to emerge near Vincennes
were of the smaller variety, but both varieties vrere op-eent later.
Two distinct sT7arns have been noticed in the eaztern part of the
County, near the 77abash River,in Lawrence Mounty.

H. C. Burrnett (June 18): I noticed in the Globe Decmocrat a reek
ago or so about Brood XXIII of the so-called locusts. They have
appeared here and are quite abundant. ...ere are more nor than
there have been since I vas a boy, 35 years or more ago at Kirksey,
and I am now 52 years old.

Geo. A. Lyles (ay 31): Locusts are in this part of the cour.tr-y,
in the locality of br.oi, and many people think they poison berries
and other fruit so they are unfit for food.

C. B. Betts (June 5): We are seeing an increasing number of locusts
from day to day. Their song thro the day is one continual "-i:.


- 1^9 -


Louisiana








- 140-


Illinois







Mississippi


Missouri





Ar3asS


G. M. Bertley (June 17): -eriodical cicada, 13-year variety,
Brood XXIII, dre to appear in all of the west Tennessee counties
and some two-thirds of the counties in middle T-ienvii-essee, is making
its appearance at this time.

W. P. Flint (June 9): In my last notes for the Insect Pest Survey
mention was made of the fact that the nymphs of this brood were
then close to the surface. The first ad-ults were noticed by Mr.
Chandler at Carbondale on .ay 31, and were abroad in considerable
numbers by June 7. T7hile the records would indicate thaLt there
would be some adults in woodlands as far north as Urbana, we have
failed to see any thus far.

R. W. Harned (June 20): Brood XXIII of the periodical cicada has
now practically disappeared. A few speciime--is, however, are still
being received daily. So far specimens of this insect have been
received from Alcorn, Benton, :Bolivar, Calhoun, Copiah, Carroll,
DeSoto, Granada, Holmes, 'u'phreys, T.aFayette, Tippah, Union,
Yalobusha, Washington, Tilkinson, and Yazoo Counties.

Geo. H, Kent (qy 16): Stra -lers of a sseir. :ly new brood of
Cicada tredecim have re-:-pp County, in small numbers. This brood was first observed in the
year of 1872, likewise in 1885, 1898, 1911, and now in 1924.

Edgar Roberts (June 4): In the past 10 days the locust has shor.n
up in numbers and as this is the heart of the fruit belt, and there
have been several thousand trees set out here this spring, it is
greatly feared that they will do considerable ds.age.

L. Haseman (June 20): The periodical cicada has appeared a little
later than usual. Heavy rains have probably held them back so.'ne.
Are reported abundant in some Ozark counties in central Missowri.
In Boone County they have not yet attracted attention (June 20):
Brood seems lighter than usnal.

W. J. Baerg (June 2): I have a report from Mariamna, Lee County,
that the periodical cicada has been sho-.:ing up here in fairly good
numbers during the last few days. I" e report is dated May 50, and
specimen accompanying letter is Tibicen seotendeciiL-tredecim.


Loui s iana


Jose Mor.danes (May 22):


Reported from TNew Orlea-is.


W. E. Hinds (June 10): Some of these cicadas were active in the
north-;es corner of the State about iMay 20. I noticed them in
West CarrollPlEarish.








- 141-


Maine


New York


New Jersey





Indiana


Nev York


FC'RECT TENT CATZ-JI2LAm (:.q.lcojo p disstrja Iron.)

E. M. Patch (J-ane 21): infesting the northern part of our ?aine
forests. This report 'as received from Eir. Donald McLellan.
Larvae nearly full fed.

Fred N. Schott (June 11): Along with a-'ir c^ra, this species
appears to be unusually abundant this sea&,on at Long Island.

Fred N. Schott (June 14: Along with americana,this species
appears to be unusually abundant this season in the north'.. ?LIf
of this State.

SYT0'7-h'TET LIT FT :iGOTi (nnr!omos sibsi.aarius Hbn.)

JJ J. Davis (June 21): The sno-,,white linden moth is corm.on on
timber trees and other similar planted trees near timbered areas
through the central part of the State, last of L:ey end first of
June. About the same area as 1923, b-it not as &bundant or destruc-
tive judging from reports.

AI: lOErE Z:CTH (Erannis t.J!J.ajria Harr.)

C. R. Crosby (June 7): In 7estchester Coiunty these worms are
present in large ru.cers and are doing serious deiriage in perforat-
ing the foliage of several kinds of tre&s.


C~LDj APHID (Peni: li-ns ne^r 0.dnic- Thos.)


Nebraska


M. H. Swenk (IMay 15-June 15): The cool backyard nature of the
spring has broLght forth a very great abu1;7.dOce of aphids of many
kinds. -he boraelder aphid continod to be rL :rt X. as very abund-
ant on bozeldsr trees ia ccrrtyl and sornthwestern Nebraska during
the latter half of 27.


CATALPA

CATALPA I?-"':- (Ce ttcmia c'.pjs" 1)


Mississippi


R. W. Earned (June 20): The catalpa sphinx has been reported as
defoliating cata-lpa trees in the western half of the State.


ELI, COCKSC0.B GALL (Cg]ooTha ulmicnra Fitch)


Indiana


J. J. Lavis (June 21): Received from several correspondents who
report it abundant on young elms.







- 142 -


Ut'- h


Connecticut


UROP...I.T ..LM SCALE (Gi saL-a Modeer)

H. B. H-urgerfordi (J-cre 76): Se-e 'e inf,-.2tation of the E'ir,:pein
elm scale in parts of Wichita, especially on young elm tr'3-*s.

G-eo. F. Ynowton (May 27): :-,o":2:ri eclm trees are, as a T"W,
attacked' scv,--- 'ely by the Duropean elm scale ard i.any y j ces
set out for shade are beiag killed by this insect. Some are
spraying _ith kerosene emulsion.

A FLEA-B73TTJE (Tj`.jq dumi Woods)

W. E. Britton (J-,ue 24): A large nirumber of these ,--en beetles
were forwmd at th- b-'se of a 1:, acac'.t June 1. d'3 occasionrlly
ran cros this ;i!c:--t. Tih. /hI caused about the c:,nc k:ir.d cf
*i.nj"iry as elm b a.


- 0'AS7-i :Z"R7. (Coleo hora laricna Hbon.)


Connecticut


W. E. Britton (June 14): Reported as being very bad on native
larch at Canaan (in '-'ais) and at C-reensncn.


; LTPrLE

COTTONY L4ALE SCALE (Flvinaria vitis L. )


Indiana


Mississippi


J. J. Davis (June 21): Again bcconin.3 conspicuous because of
the cottony masses resulting from e j--lay-ng. Ap-arently occurs
generally over the northern half of the S-ato as heretofore and
probably as abundant. Has not yet begoa to hatch.

R. .7. 'arned (June 20): The cottony naple scale seems to be more
abundant in this State this year t:qan for a :uber of years. The
leaves and twigs of maple trees and other host plants are in many
cases densely covered with these insects.


.MAPLE MOTH (S-',anthedo:in teioerqi 2i&.)


Ifibsissippi


Ohio


Nebraska


K. L, Coc::erhrn (June 1): Mr. ,cLermocre and I collected in G-ulf-
pert this spring a rare species of maple hotL, which according to
Mr. F. H. 3ejaim'a of Illinois, has been coliec-ed in: 0ly t-o
other localities in the United States. This insect ns in flict- j
ing the most severe injury to maple that I have ever seen on these
trees.

SILV'ER-:,APLE LTFJ-J.:IT: (l_'1ocontes ....our'es Shim.)

H. A, Gossard (June 5): Received from Cleveland on maple on June
5, and from Cancinnati on June 8.

M. H. Senrk: (June 15): Possibly in response to the same influences
of the late spring, the maple bladader glls, produced by PLyVUocoptI
ntd1i-es on aplee, were more than usu-lly in evidence.






- 143-


(prOAK. Tortri ercifolina Fitch)
? ctRL:LE (prob. Tortri__r puercifolicna Fitch)


Connecticut


W.E. Britton (June 9):
stripped at Stamford.
year.


mediumm sized trees partially and. wholly
More abundant as compared with an average


PINE


PR-Di01.HIA. PINILFOLIELILA C:U". .


E. M. Patch (June 23):
Also on Pij's ban ksiana.
Briscoe, Forester, or I,


Everywhere on the Island on Firmnus rigica.
This is the first time either Prof.
have seen this insect in ?aine.


S0TTH7,P' PINE E LL (Dendrcctonus frontalis Zimnm.)


L. W. Brown (June 3):
pine.


Reported from Amerizus, attacking Hirnalayan'


HITr-PIMT2 7E.LE7IL (Fisorlcs strobi Peck)


New York


C. R. Crosby and assistants: Has been laying eggs for nearly two
weeks and has done much damage in reforestation plantingEs in
Chautauqua County.


PINE SCALE (T_iel a ini King)


Nebraska


M. k. Srenk (_"ay 15-June 15): An infestation of a large jack pine
plantation in Holt County with the pine scale was found during the
latter part of May. These scales are rapidly killing the trees.


17* J11 -.Jsj,.
c-p-Es S P.
s^ j.o


Cornecticut


7.E. Britton (June 13): Fgg masses now abundant on leaves in 17e"
av3n. Very abundant as compared -ith an a-er: -e yeqr.
11- -"/'


DiTACJinyS PINICGIA KALT.


Ohio


acei;,:d from 7R o-o n .Thuno o, CI-tnh1-l


H. A. Gossard (Jvre 17):
ing orvway spirL-ce.


FIESOKERES ABIETIS L.


Mchi
Mich~gian


R. H. Pettit (Jmune 19), Is so plentiful on our Norway spruces
that the bees hovering over these trees in search of honeyd.w
litery make the tree h,.


Georgia


Maine





144 ..-


TULIP

JTULIP SCALE (-, U! liri odndri Gmel.)


Mississippi


(June 23): Several tulip trees on the college c,-:-s with young
growth heavily coated with partly developed scale insects of the
tulip-tree soft scale.


:*LYBUGS (Psemiococcus sp.)


Connecticut


Massachusetts


Ohio


Ohio


Missouri


W. E. Britton (June 13): In the vicinity of Cobalt this insect
seems to be attacking trees gro-.ing out of doors. Sent specimens
to Mr. Harold Morrison.


INSECTS ATTACKING GREENHOUSE

AND ORNAMENT A L PLANTS

1iSC2LLN2EOUS FEVaER.S

A ROACH (Drcnosoel-is surinemensis L.)

A. I. Bourne (June 24): A note of possible interest may be
made of the finding of the roach Fcncr lu suri-:s... .. It
was foerd to be occurring in large n-uibes in greh-,-S at
Revere in the eastern part of the State. These roeaches were
very abun',ant in the soil of a rose hoiise, and seemed to be doing
considerable injury.


H. A. Gossard (June 20): Tae -rieg>ted cutworm was received
from Srmti-,ll.e cn J7,e 16, -.-c c -t -Cs repcr-d to be very
nirAerius in a a-iA -as ofirg on lettuce.

CA L7., I',i2'A-HOP7?ER (11 '-1 ... I" Ashm.)

H. A, .osc.I (Tune 20): T,-e r.ren wlaaa-c.er was received
f;c-n i'e-ea .' .y 22, and reported to be severely attacking green-
house ,-:,, ?,.

PLA:T-LIC3 (Aphididae)

L. Hfs7ran (June 20): Spiraea, Uentzias, and roses quite serious-
ly inieL cc&. Also some trouble developing on ;tirden crops and on
fruit traces.


A FLEA-BEETLE (Haltica itifta Fll)


Mississippi


R. W. B<-rnc'c. (June 20): Leaf-beetles, probably Haltica tita
hve Leer reported as damaging cotton and crepe myr-le in lolivar
Co-rn'ty, *he latter part of hlay and the first of June. Various
'cc(d.5 and 7il'l plants were also badly infested.


VARIEGATED CrVTJ0?u, (Lc-,-4tia r er.jaJ5 to^a Haw,)








- 1:5 -


Mas sachus e tts


Nebraska


!'OFOK APHID (S io"O- T.hs) S ,1

Geo. Fo Know.ton (Jure 30): V;ry .rui s on B3hjeris vu2 aris
on the camp-us of the ofr, ah Agricjtuai %olle-e, o-,ten cover -g a
good part of bouh @pper and 2oei szLrfc-ces of the ea,-cs.

CA5.~T: rn-i

FED SPIDERS '(Trr-.,cY,. teiriis L.)

A. I. Bourne (June 24): I have received a report from Prof. :,on
relative to finding red s-i,'-Js in carnation ho-useo in eastern
IassZchusetts. An estir. of c-, Lth: l ,. '' ..*-7 "'--7 F_ jVy
caused in that locality is place-a at a:-.- o.; tely 10 per ce-t.



B3ACK CY.S';.--:i.1 APHID (i:c A"th'<.-"le a".osorni "il..)

'. H. ', S-'en (,!ay 15-June 15): Ori:.r..t2,als of various sorts have
shown a widespread and heavy infestation, especially by this infcct
on chrysAntr- ema-is.


DZ,?LP: iT 7l


Nebraska


M. H. S-ern: (:'y 15-June 15): A ner a-bid for this State, deter-
mined tentatively as Agjj rociadde C".!, 7as 1foad on cultivated
larkspur in Netahr County during the iact ". I of .-y.


IALY FLATA (Orr-nis PT''. Say)


R. W. Earned (June 20): Thnis fulgorid is now ab-r:dant at rmny
places in the State on :.any different ,,rAs of I tt. so >a
been .reported especially on euonymus from ulifport and on -rivet
from Hattiesburg.


PARiTD LDY (Vjtntr cardui L.)


Delaware


C. 0. Houighton (June): Good sized larvae vere found albcit the
middle of June. These soon formed c.rv:alids and the adults
emerged June 21-22. C-..:'yz.iis of th's species are decidedly
animated when disturbed and s'uing rapi2ly, lilce a pendCiul.m, for
so,2e time.


Misqiszip:i







- 146 -


Connecticut






Connecticut




Georgia




Missouri


Kansas


Georgia



Ohio


Nebraska







Indiana


Nebraska


P 12P-D0_ BA LS L
AZALA BA-K SCALE (Eriococcus azaleae Comst.)

E Britton (June 24): Reported from Orange attacking rhcaoden-
dron.

ROSE

A ROACH (Pycnoscelus surinamensis L.)

W. E. Britton (June 13): Reported as eating the tender arn from|
the young plants at Rowayton, in greenhouse roses.

FULLER'S ROSE BELTLE (Pantomorus fuller Horn)

L. F. Shaw (July 3): Reported as doing considerable damage at
Cartersville.

ROSE SATLY (Caliroa aethiops Fab.)

L. Haseman (June 20): Have just completed their usual 7ork of
foliage destruction where rcses are not treated.

J. W. McColloch (June 15): The rose slug has been abundant at
Wilson, Allen, Je-ell, and Manhattan, where severe defoliation
has taken place.

ROSE SCALE (Auelacasuis rose Bouche)

V. C. Durham (ray 20): Reported from Brunswick attacking rose.

ROSE APHID (Macrosinhum rosae L.)

H. A. Gossard (June 3): Received from Lakeside on rose on this
date.

M. H. S-2nk: (M.ly 15-J-qne 15): OrnrmrnrntpIs of various sorts have
sho-n a v widespread and heavy infestation, especially by this insect
on rose.



SPIPAEA APHID (Ajh]s --ireaella Schout.)

J. J. Davis (June 21): Again very abundant on Soiraea vanhouttei
at LaFayette.

M. H. S7:enk (May 15-June 15): Ornamentals of various sorts have
shown a widespread and heavy infestation, especially by this insect
on bridal vwreath.





T1o. ,. 3. APHID G_?7oJ ixnic a -ill.


Nebraska


M. H. Scrnk (CLy 15-Jine 15): Ornarentals of various sorts
have shown a 7id--.-i and heavy infestation, especially by
this insect on sno-ba1I.


I NS EC T S EFF'E C T I N 2 MAN

AND DOM:EST I C ANIMALS



FL2AS (Siphonaptera)


South Carolina



Missouri


J. A. EB-11r (June 16) : We have had se-ercl requests 4-ihn the
past week in regard td the control of fleas. nThese reports come
from different sections of the State.

L, Haseman (June 20): Some complaints of fleas in barns, on lawns
and in homes. Calciunm cyanide is being used successfully for
control of the pest.

CHIGGERS (?r.r,mbircla tia!znhu.tl l.,rrs: )


Missouri


L. Baseman (June 20):
make his presence felt.


This annoe,--... pest is just beginning to


Texas


Texas


ITCT Mexico


0. G. P:T.cock (June 21): Never rVere so very numerous. n-ore
numerous during the first -art of Jne than for the past four
years. Suddenly ceased to minimum following a -veek of hot, dry
weather at Sonora.

C.. J- .--T

SCFJTDP [?fl (Chr -2r.- ^(e'!a r'a Fab.)

0. G. Babcock (May 31): This species is much later this year
than norn-ally. At the preset -'Jine it is the mcst common species
found i;i t:-'as. Screwworm cases a-:e few in nue t..i. i far.
(June 21): At Sonora screu-r7orm cases are lessaLunerouxis to date
than usual for this season of the year.

L .1C7 DLO-F1Y (Ph-.l re~ na Meig.)

0. G. Babcock (April 26-28): This Epperired to be the only spec-ies
of blow-fly observed about carcasses upon the range. Calli-a'--a
col-oradersis Hough found in the Carl'bc. c:.rs ut not uipo bhe
carcasses on the range.-


- 147 -










STOBLE FLY (Etorox-s r-Icalr'itrans L.)


Mi s souri


L. Hasenman (June 20):


Begirmniug to prove very serious on cattle.


IOPRT FLY (Hsematobia irritans L.)


L. Hasemran (Jrne 20):


Texas


Indiana


Connecticut


Indiana


South Carolina




Indiana


Beginning to prove very serious on cattle.


0. G. Babcock (June 21): During the forepart of June this pest
has been quite numerous at Sonora, ranging from 200 to 700 flies
in the worst cases.

POJ LTRY

POULTRY ROOST F:ITE (Lc-r.-.,nyssus gliinae Redi)

0. G, Babcock ([ay 31): For soms reason this mite is and has
been very scarce all spring in this section. Almost impossible
to find it in the poultry houses at Sonora.

A CHIRONCMID (rorcinocmvia specularis Coq.)

J. J. Davis (June 21): A small chironomid fly vas reported from
V7inamac on June 2 as quite annoying to poultry.



I NS E C TS I T F E S T I IN G H O TJ S E S A IT D P RE iM I S E S

ANTS (Formicidae)

7. E. Britton (June): Reported as being a. nuisance in lawns,
gardens, dwelling houses, etc., and even said to be girdling
tomato plants. Very troublesome in the different parts of the
State. More abundant as compared with an average year.

J. J. Davis (June 21): Receiving many reports of ants in lawns
from all parts of the State.


TE!E3S (Betic'Jliterrms flia-JOs Kol. et al.)


J. A. Berly (June 16): Three generations in Greenwood have been
*seriously imnj Jed" by attsc, v of >rm~tes. neceosit' t; Vn.g replace-
ment of foundation timbers and f1Lcorigf.r. Serious damage was
done to the Iethodist Church at P1.rion.

J. J. Davis (June 21): C-:n-tinue to Pave freqel)t rcF-orts of
darimage by these insects throughout the southern t-.o-thirt:s of
the State.


- 148 -







- 149 -


Alabama


SMississippi


Georgia


J. M. Robinson (Jvine 25): rcen-tly we had an inquiry from
Birming-am on how to control termites. They were attacking
one of the aristocratic hoLIes of that city.

J. k. ic'Colloch (Junze 17): The following reports have cor" in
during the past month. 1,och of the xool'-cr.: in a house at Argonia
damaged; the ook r.oodwvork in a dining room of a residence at "a -
hattan 21- r. ine A n,-mber of chr.-'y trees at anhattan and
Cherryvale have been killed.

APT1I::IE AUT (Iridonvrmex humilis 11,vrr)

M. R. Smith (June 17): Recent investigations of the results se-
cured from the ant poisoning campaign con-licted, at Atta Bena during
the fall of 1923 shov a cost of 98.3 per cent. This ne!.ns that
98.3 per cent of the househee:ers interviewed stated they had not
seen or been troubled by any ants since poisoning. Only three
small trails of the ants were noticed during the process of in-
vestigation.

R. W. lHa:ned (June 20): In most of the to.-ns -.here Argentine ant
control canpaig.-s '.e-,'e put on last year the control has been almncst
remarkable. In most cases practically 100 per cent of the houses
have been entirely free of any ants. The results from the cam-
paigns put on last year rere apparently better than those put on
during any previous year.

FIPE ANT (Solenopsis .:y- Fab.)


V. C. rarham (May 25):
about Sav"innah.


Said to be causing considerable annoyance


Mississippi


M. R." ST.ith (June 13): 7Torkers of this sneczies -:.-e observed in-
festing food in several houses in the locality of Columbus.
(June 13): At A. & M. College males and females of this species
were observed taking their nuptial flight on the afternoon of
June 11.

CLOCVR MITE (B;' i_ praetiosa Koch)

H. A. Gossard (June 20): -a-, received from `It. Vernon on 7ey '21,
where it was overrt-ning brick Tals and entering at the Twindows
ofe as dulling house.




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3l2l0lll9244l52lliH IIIHII
3 1262 09244 5211





'I









I