The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00022

Full Text






THE INSECT PEST SURVEY
BULLETIN



A periodical review of ento gical conditions throughout the United States,
issued on the first of each month from Apr;l to November, inclusive.


















Volume 4 May 1, 1924 Number 2


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY

UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATING







L I3AR














INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLET IN


Vol. 4 April 1, 1924 Lo.2


OUTSTANDING E7TOMOLOSICL FEATbRES IN THE UNITED STATES FOR A.FIL, 1924

During the past month the Hessian fly situation remained about as
during March throughout the 1,est-Central and Upper Mississippi Valley States. Following the abnormally wet fall of 192- a very serious and unusual Hessian fly development has taken place in north-estern Kansas, extending far '7est of the region where thu Hessian fly is usually known as a pest.

Throughout that part of the region covered by the chinch bug
extending from Illinois to ansas, this insect seems to have passed the winterr under unusually favorable conditions. The bugs were observed on the wing on April 16 in central Illinois, bot'ieen the 10th and 15th in central Missouri, and by the 15th and 21st in southern Nebraska. Emergence in Kansas was observed as early as April 7.

A very serious greenbug outbreak was reported from southern Oklahoma during the third week of April.

Months of the fall cankerworm are appearing in large numbers in central and southern New York State and Ohio.

The tent caterpillar is very generally prevalent and apparently much more numerous than usual throughout the Ncw England and Middle Atlantic States southward to Delaware.

The pear psylla began egg laying in southern INew York onApril 6 and
heavy egg laying was reported in the northern tier of counties during the third week in the month.

The application of 500,000 pounds of paradichlorobenzene in the
Georgia Peach Belt last fall appears to have been highly successful in controlling the peach borer. The plum curculio in this same region rasred the winter in unusually good condition and will probably be more srious than usual this year.
A very interesting outbreak of the cowpeoa curculio, as a post of
citrus, is reported from Florida. These beetles eat the young shoots to such an extent that recently set trees are sometimes killed back one foot.

The Australian tomato weevil is reported for the first time from Mobile County, Alabama.

An aphid of a species not yet determined is reported as appearing on orange in great numbers in portions of southern Florida and doing important damage.

-31-






-32


0U1STDINTG E'lliT~IOLCMCJvI-.T F iTJRS 'OR C T.AD2, 'U 1,1 924

Spring weather conditions have boon somewhat variable throughout the Dominion of Caaalda. in Britishi Colunbia the season has be-en exceptionally early, the first cullti-%ation of th soil being general in the southern interior sections of- the Province by the middle of Ma.,-rch3 On the Canadian Prairi, js the s eazon'is -76l1 adv-anced. In Alberta there is an abundance of moisture in the soil du(e to unusual we7t conditions. In 'Manitoba Cultural operations were well under way by the ft"irst wel of April but about fifteen inches of snow7 in. the middle of the month brough operations to a standstill,. In FEasta:rn Canada thie carly spring temperatures have in general been above norm--al but snow Was still quitO plentiful in protected places by,? the middle of April.

The cankervworm. iAlsophila pometaria Harr. has been slowl7y increasing in Kin-s county, K S., during- the laist four yea-rs, amd it i's probable tha-t larvae il be numerous in thel nplsVle this spring.
A he avy infestation is anticipated in southern Allberta during- the coming season,
The apple red bug, -odamedxRut. has been increasing in
numbers for some years in the -Ainnapolis Valley, N. S., ahd if it has overwintered satisfactorily its depred,-ctions w-ill likely be 'uuch as to necess.,itate control me _asures bcing undertaken in 19241,

The fall web orm, althoughh of no gro-.t economic importance at
present, is on the increase all along the St, John River Valley, 31. B. in 1P23 it 7as cornmon on ader and other shrubs a-nid bushes along roadsides anda linc, fences, as 77ell as in orchards. Th1-is insect i7as likew07ise abundant thrToughout th e Gatineau Valley near OttaTwa- during the autumn of 1323.

During late September and ea-rly October, 1323, the moths of the chain-dotted geometer, Ci 1ia catena-ria Dru., occurred neomu lgt all1 over 11ova Scotia, being iioted as esnecially numerous at Aylesfford Bog, As the larvae f eed on cr anberry as well as vfarVious trees and shrubs, an outbreak 'on the fo~rmer. may be expected during,: the coming summer.

T'he ga:,rden springtails S-minthuirus hortonsis itch, was recorded in 1323 as injurious at ,imot and rur_,'. S. and 1,~ numer wer seen on s-oinach at zs ,t L&a7roncotou.-n, Hai fo-x County, K-,ova Scotia, but no serious injury resultd !-t the ]',zt pL-te. Early sprin,- injuries from these insects are expected to occur r.7aiin In l324.

Th1e cabbage magg7,ot, -as reported in 1923 for the first time in
fouar years at _gLethbrid_,;e, Albert,,, indica ting the possible ascendency of this
inccuct as a Pest,.

.Among the i,.,reworrns of economic imp,.ortance a!t Saskcatoon, Sackatchewan,
durig l23, the species uDaltas aerei-oni _b.a-crpoyus nocturnus
soare th mtt ort anL. They were found to be as-oci cted -it'
cultiva-ted fields rather than sod lands.- It is antici-pa-,ted th-za those Pests 'will be trou'blosome i-n ce ntrol and southern Saskatcht;wan thi-_s sea-son. ,irQworms and false 1-ir-orms are -oing to be our w-orst trouble in northern
_Alberta- and in fact over most of the province durip-7 192*.

Tthr lilac In-f-miner Gracilaria syringella Fab. an important
neOJ~1 Poet, -Tas fouiid 'badlyr itt,.ckinjg lilacs in Otta"'a City during the su-i-mef- f ->erp ~ia-o7 -e be- no revious Canadian record of this pest.










CEREAL A D F OR AGE- CR O I 7 7 S C T S

WHEAT

HESSIAN j-Y (Phytoe destructor Say)

Illinois J. P. Flint: Examinations made during the past week in
southern and central Illinois failed to show any emergence
of the fly up to April 10.

Missouri L. Haseman (April 23): Some interest is developing in the
possible damage from the spring brood of the Hessian fly.
Genrally speaking, ho-wever, the fly situation except in
restricted -localities is less threatening in Hissouri than
a year ago.

Nebraska M. H. S enk (April 21): Regarding the Hessian fly in Nebraska,
there is little to add to my rather full statement dated March 12, except that a subsequent personal survey of the
area of heavy ifestation i Furnas County reveals the fact
that the heavy midsimmer brood of 1923 that deeloped in the volunteer wheat still largely persists there in the puparium
stage, and these puparia, together -ith those of the main
fall brood in the early seeded winter wheat, will undoubtedly
form a heavy spring brood of flies. Flies were already beginning to emerge in small numbers durin7 the third week in
April.

Kansas J. W. Mcolloch (April 16): A trip th-rough western Kansas
last week indicated that, following the abnormally high rainfall of last fall, the Hessian fly is far above the
average in abundance in the region in northwestern Kansas
extending from Smith, Osborne, and Russell Counties west-ard
to Thomas and Rarlins Counties. Another center of serious infestation seems to be located in the counties surrounding
Riley County. At the time of this survey from 5 to 75 per
cent of the grain 7as infested. -,

uHI'.Ci BUG (B31issus leucontorus Say)

Illinois W P. Flint: The weather of April has been favorable to this
insect. On Abril 16 some bugs were observed flying in the
central Illinois counties. There has been no general movement
out of winter quarters up to the present time, April 19.

Missouri L. Haseman (April 23): In central issouri scattering flights
of chinch bugs were observed between the 10th and 15th of
April. The chinch bug situation looks threatening in spite
of severe winter, amd farmers are preparing for another chinch
bug combat.


-33








-3


Nebraska M. H. S,enk (April 21): The chinch bug wintered successfully,
according to our best information, along the southern boundary
of the State, and by the third week in April was already appearing in large numbers in the wheat fields of Pawnee County,
while farther west, in Turnas County, the bugs were just
starting to leave the grass in numbers' Serious injury by the
chinch bug is expected during the coming summer along the
southern boundary of Nebraska.

Kansas J. T. McColloch (APril 16): Chinch bugs passed the winter with
very lit t le mortality. The numbers of bugs in bunch grass
this winter was considerably larger than last year. Emergence
from hibernation began on April 7.

GRESIUTI (Toxontera gTminum Rond.)

Oklahoma E. E. Scholl (April 19): We have received a report of a very
serious greenbug infestation in the southern part of Payne
County near Perkins, Oklahoma. The infestation has been
verified this u.orning by County Agent C. H, Guernsey and
Extension Agronomist G. C. Gibbons. I will undertake control
measures right away.

-GRET PLAINS FALSE TREJ2RM (Eleodes opaca Say)

Kansas J. 7. McColloch (April 17): orras are said to have ruined the
stand on a quarter of a section at MIissler, necessitating the
plo',wing up of the crop.

CORIT

LARG CORIT STAL-BOR-R (Diatraea saccharalis Fab. var.
crambidoides Grote )

Texas T. C. Barber (April 15): First infested corn that I have
observed this Feason -as discovered today, at Brownsville.

ARf'fCRM (Cirphis un&ipuncta Haw.)

Mississippi H. W. Allen (April 15): The armyworm, at A. & MT. College,
present in moderate numbers; no appreciable damage noted. The
overwintering brood has largely passed into the pupal stage
without evidence of disease or parasites in sufficient abundance
to hold +.the infestation in check.

AL17AJIF

PEA APID (Illinois pisi Kalt.)

Kansas J. W7. M cColloch (April 17): ;. outbreak has developed in a
small field at Manhattan. Other fields contain small numbers of
anhids.











California I -I r C
Ln pb el 1 1 S T,- e .- er ou c r
last mol-th in !,os Ar,,Peles ane :; --n ColInties has
'DeDn t1ho, L:rohid 71 itoiC-blithora
Tof-* 7,, Oy t



soror

a-on
",S J, domi: Jr, T ,. ct of sc.,ji t,-Ic
e I
Corvall is

Z,-v IL H.-,,-oera Tmnct.-Aa

3.6
-.L no 1 ,r --It c infe OT 0-n 0-7cX s
at
r.ro*-,,t-,. 0. all 'o --Cnt in
L te in ,,tc :-ial co-,,z iJ,, :ab 117
les-1. tl,an 10



:dssis 7ir-Ii -4. LlleTI (. pj ij 13) T, 1 1 c 0- 2 C of 0--r
t1-10-L-Carv:1, 7-00ci,--Lls collect' t'70 S"OC Ci(;S, Feltia --, J":. or 01- ia
r
These ha7e been collt-ct ,,(! i:i clo,,-er r-,!--11:17",
grot7inj -o cro-s h:s 1, --,-n n6'eThe first n,- med s- )ccics is ia 1,,s' '!,:,rv 1 insular,
e f-enigera is no- -cL.!7 lng r ipfll,)eath by --,,rasite- or a i: o;-, c "be!Dn uxt-c-m,3"y 107 *.
(Determinations 'baced cn U. S. 3,url ;L,7,r. of E7m -c,-olo-::!-y.



,,04a ,is

Or e-o--i Don C. -ot o (,-p-- o- s
i-,lore at, this tla,7 n u
severe z ,t Corvallis an-' -7ic-inity "ecl-ed IbY
cond-Itions or n,-ural











T 7' C

A



F. I'l int ei:7 ,s 'nave hatcI;.inE; f or some t ime in
L-a tIie southern end of the State, the sequence of the diff.,Drent srecics being that -nsually founI, g L
Z:> e g s 0 the
aj)I-)le-.- ,-r.,,'Ln ap'f_'id watchingn g about ono r7eek before Viose of the roW, or 3-11 e e,- hid. IT- U
p to the present
in cel -Aral Lnd couth rn Minois orchard. districts have shv,-;n blat of i5he ,---eea ond rocy c-pecies present. The grain anhid is v er- abunf,-uit. In .-Testern Illino-is, a sli I V ttly higher
P,: -_centa,-e of the ,_:,reen id has been fonnd, alph ,ut + ie _= bers
e i n this sect ion of tl State are not :,,Te-t enough to
ca*nse ex-,)ectatioza of serious inj-,jry. --, phid fly 'arvae are present in lar,,,e

: 7issouri L. F_- se-ian (_kpril, 23): The plant-lice I-egan hatchi-ng the first
-aek in pril and come orchards sho-ed hea- ,y infestation.
c- -1 ons 7e-e -plied late in scale, e t -, e lab r i ca t in,7- o i 1 emul s i 11p, in" ested orchards, the7 ga-7e exc,"Illant co--itrol otf the Young lice.
-- 7. Taj v,-,,l t oil
,:t ah 'Cle or o f lant ice are nui-orous
on appli). ,ofAs De-.r. a-ad -In o -,:)a"- o 7 -pIrium -.-rurLifoliLe 'Titch
,rt 01 tIjiS S4
.,er_ -7 i V-11
are the c-oecies in the nort-- e,
_n
t. i e ada'ition 0, roses farther south.

G R 74'_-j 11 .PM, _LPIH:r %A-nis pomi DeG.)

J. a5 ,qac'_nusetts A. i 3 ourr e (Ap-,:il 2 1) On the l4t'_', of xr rii i7e i C green a l e qp'l -, Iiat _1 clhin -, 'cut t'-,Aey did not berin to come out LI rr.j.MJ)-.rs -ntil abo-nt the l3-tI,. 'Jolli F. Z-api At phils a-verage about
nect icut 'I' -) e (i jzr i 1 2 r7 ) : Jlford the
1 to a bud* The buds are ju ;t openin,-,. The T-e-_tther has been rat'ner cool fe r t-Pe !:eason and it 'h _,s been vnry 7,in"Iy.
17 PTII Ln
;rT.A (7 honalosirhur iifoli e Fi ch
-ory Lo..ril 7): This in.7ect -Is in the eg--h -,tc.iing stge ryl, n d V7. _-N-)
at Hac;erst o' 'n.

FC-11TIT-T.-REE7 1,EaF--2CL_-I,-:.rII (Archins nt ,,rio County er masses of tl nelly 1"')
o.T IF,
incest are ocl,,,,, _4.onaliy ol-,ror-ved.




-36-









-37

~i2FLT ~TD CHOW ~T~ZZO1T zzi (:{c~ropP iii ~e r jana Ci crc':)

Connecticut J. L. 7o~e:s (2~rri1 10): Scverei alults v~cre fl~im: ab~it a
-. ~- :-~v~n enc. rtin~ on the ~

N
TLTT 2~CQflLLQ. (::elacozo.~ r~'1c>n. z /
:scb~.setts A~ I. 3ourno %pril 511k): ; h~re report, rJ'~ti-xo to the
hetchinr' o? t ~nt cat~r~AK. re from. nortern Uorc~tcr Coucty,
thr.t the first you~ v-ore notes. eem.earin~ on ~r:1 7. Here
at ~e' ~or zt, tie first yo'an~ 'ere seen ~o ~ hatching on
.&ril 20 ~ 21. This ~s ~ 'ot>' t :e ~am'~ dKte hcn tho
fir3t larv:c 'ecro :-.oteci a year iwo.

Connecticut :.:. ?. Zappe (ni 25) : Cate il1cr~ :IctZLea. 2 f~ >-s
at ~maen ~d ::iLforci. T.'eht' ccn seen ensily ca trees bes>e
ro~ ale. Tho 1 rvae are Leedin: on om.en~:a~ bnis. They ~paeer
to be more pl~ntifui tW~n last year. t s bo-n cool for the
ccc con cpd rat: en ~in'1y.

i~e~ !or~ C. ~. .~a~on~r ~ '~''~' 19.: Tent cater~' Ill a-s vow rater cocm'Oa
at Ulster.

~Te'~ Jersey R~1 are 7er-- :yr'aro c.~ p-ic ~O. -!~11 a :Qrrv- ~ oriw oat 'Li
~ to. il'st ~-e ms~-cs to h~tch "ere notcc. on ~.oril 7. ~t
this Cate tents are cC~o~t as large as a szlvccr 2-oiler as sare
~ 20 h~e 'coon ncto2- on single tree.

~elmcare C. 3. ~ou~iton (wonil II): 2&m:~ of this sr'Dc:Oe are 2li&t
begihn.t~g to hc'tch at :Te-ark. This is t~o ~e~ks later th~r the
time of hatching for 1922. r~g mavses art~ very nrmorous tis
Year on arn~1c, peach, end cherry in this rio ~ai:v and a
2.flfestat ion is e:oocted.

Oregon Don ~. ::ote (A9nil 9): At Corv-llis seas J:C iltCllThL' ana liwV
are bui1clia~- nests. Tee z~rst molt hiw act cwt or~od. Pound one nest on a cherry t"ee_ The:,r are -~v-p~'- ently not as ~bundant 05 la on avera'z'e year, The seavon is al--ceased. about ens "etck.

s77Th~ G:UOW: (3e1 ecenita reatn Peek)

:TeT' York U. T. U. mo'-b.~ Q~~ceril 13 gnl 1~4): At tiac~ z~r a:>: eemaerorins
are auca rare: i;i trc'n t>ar~ eo'aet2ria.

~:c: 01713
~Te'~ York J. T. U. ?o:'b~s (:irch 22): ::othc are s. reir~ in great ebcad~ezoe
at Ithaca. The enr~ag ~ ~'-e--~rm has not been seen. (AIa'il 1344):
Xounlcnt jim tru2~.

LIBRARY
I ATF PLANT WARD











R::D-- FCOTED (Cre-n4doae7-a erytiirorjv111.aryiana J. P. Eurdett (Arril 17): Lt LrI Plata the flea-wbeetles, were
ver,,, ni;me-,ous on the leader foliage where, ti-ey were ridOling,
the lcave.s. T'Ie damage could "be co-nsidered serious 7-nd 7ould
be the occasion of alarm to _;,ny fruit -u.7,er. Control: Two
appli at ons o-' 'Bordeaux mixture 4-5-50 p 'as 11, rVand f
Croenate, Of lead.

BUTF."LO TI 7EH0PP=R Oeresa bubalus Fa1b.) 71. C. Severing (" -iich frep ently contain
pr il Tra
P, 's of' thi,3 -P.,--.st ,xe b, ain, sold from nursery--,on to our farmers This h,,s become serious enous h for the State ontcmolo,,-4st to feel compelled to take action to stop the practice
of selling sudh stoez: in St,,2te. The dam.:Ige is especially
severe on youn,,,; --tocl---,

T
jO,',7L, ")OVAI" (As idiotss loerniciosus Comst.

J F. Conrially (. qril 12 : This nest is generally prevc.1crt rio County. orch=a is bdly Lfeste' Geneva.

C. (,ij p-il 12): Th-e JL,-L:f'e7,tat4Lo.:I. by t'-,'Ic S,,Xl Jcse
sc,-,lc Is hoavy on c-arr!.L7,_ts f-nd ,ocseberries in
U--Ister
e.. ar
-n A e pensive
:7 our i r il. 2,) Dia tl,e pac mon Ih v er
dorm,.tnt for control of scale has been do 0.
TI- i d er s zo i_-tr i c o n, a 1 o i i s + h e i --at e m o i tal i y s v c -_ y Il i gh frai-.i ex-n, rimentai -Iork dorman'C spra-Ts and from ezL'r_,,i- it4on.c c' Tamerous co=orc.-La.1 orcha--ds recoivir.g dormant tnro-u the, S',,,te e find a very higli perce'- ,e of
co-ntrol. 'V'e believe t'-I-ie crisis as ro,,7ardsroc -nt difficulty
in kee-ping, tI-e scala u-ader control in 'Tis'scuri hL,,s assed.

CY '7 7- - "-Z--'m C
UJL : C-LE(Lenidosa,1ies uIr.-A L.)

So'o.th :Dak-o+W,-,, Hw C. &3verin 15): This --cale is increasing, in abundance
t',_-o,),sI.-o,_,t the eastei n third of the Stite --ad t,Ic Hills.
7- o e so ac u it is kill treos.

S'177TTI 'Q ionas-,)io iu-_-f-Lra 7itch)

Yor.1r: P- '- Ch'- Pm--! 'A-0 i 1 5): ,t aed -uodk t %,o orcharft are badlyinfe-.ted.








ZUR 0 E 4 R '7,PI7ER (faEalu --tranvc -ms 2112fus C. & F.)

Mosachusetts A. I E n il 27 4 In regard to the E=opean red
it v n as to its
mit e, T can cay t a have define e info-mra4 io presence in Plyrouth and Br .stol Counties in considerable abiLndance, so that we no- hzve defin _te infor7aticn that the 1 est is distributed over practically tho State, althougli thus far -e have had no def inite re-corts of it s presenco.onthe- Cape. Altlliou# in orch irds 7here it is proving -; ery abuniant it is being found in considerable nix,ibers even on ,11c1n U-os..es, ?hiCli from our ex-:)erience lie last, il,,_ ar or so- hz:-ve- not been particularly 1-Lkely to be infested, the nest seems, to center i-Vs attention on 3ald:'Tins, E-6re in the ",olle.-e orchard 7e are alco noting it -in considerable Dbundance or. !IcIntoshes and
eal tl ic
71? -"P' Le-.
PRUIT-,_-1.12 'LEAF. SYNETA (Syneta olb,

Or egon Don C., '41ote (April 9): Synota is rePorted'as bei,.n _g on the
-increase. at 'or-,- -lesce-aed
alli On this date the beetles 111r-e-raindrops vnen liifo was jarred. The wedec before only --n occasionaL o-ne -Yas found.



2 T"RIPS (,1aeniQi-Tr ips inconsermens Uzel)

Ne T Yox0k 0. ,C,7iarroner t,, pril-12): ivere first foul o n.
APri'l 10 in Ulcter County. Ti.-.e,,r ha: .ri& been increasing slowly since. (_April 19). Pear t:I-irips da-Lage does a'ope,,,,x to be so severe as last year.

P.7.,R PSYLL.L (is,,711a -oyricola Foersto.

Yew Yoek C. R. Crc s-by a .d ass-4st rits: The psylla appears to
be mo-re numerous t )_w 11-k--s been aiky season exring tile 'past four ye ?.rs in Ono-nda-a County. Very fer, had hatched in this 'county up to :prdl 1Q. I-"- 71,agara
-g laying :7as -,-7ell unuler 7a----on n Iban,,\,, and Orleans Counties egg iayin, -: 77as S-Gartled. a7b ou t Apr 41 counties the first
.L 12 and in Tilster and 'Dutchess i, egg laying 7 as observed on April 6. 7ne pest is reported
as being moderately Zoundarit t1ror. zhout the fruit -gr orT ing sections of the State.

P E A CH

PEACH BOR M zer ia enit iosa Say)

Georgia 0- 1- SnaP- ) (APril 17): iLbout -00,0CO rounds ol radich.lorobeneene rere used in the Ceorgia Peach 'Yelt 1 ,st fall. The resiilts have been ur1i:_1'or,_n1y good, and gra-ers are greatly pleased rit!- the con'brol. It can. not be used
17ith safety on one, t- o, and three year ola trees in, this latitude.









LESISER PELH-TRE DCR (Ae .eria pictipes G. & R.)

Georgia 0# I, Snapp (April 17): This pest is unusually abundant in
southern Georgia orchards this spring,

PLUM CURCULIG (Conotrachelus nenuphar Hbst.)

Connecticut J. L, Rogers (April 23): At Mt. Carmel they are evidently
just coming out of hibernation.

Georgia 0- I Snapp (April 17): Irrespective of the abnormally
cold winter the curculio is appearing in numbers, and
apparently the mortality during hibernation has not been
higher than usual. Adult curculios have been appearing in
numbers since March 29. One hundred and seventy-five beetles were collected on 107 trees this morning. The largest number
collected on any morning during the 1923 season on these
same trees was 139. Hibernation records at the insectary
show that to date Bermuda grass has carried through over
50 per cent of the adult curculios, The first egg was
not-iced in the field on April 9. Many eggs have been found
daily since that date.

TVELVE-SPOTTED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica 12-punctata Oliv.)

Georgia 0. I, Snapp (April 17 : At Fort Valley they are present as
usual, and doing some damage in peach orchards by devouring
the small peach before the shedding of the calyces.

Mississippi J. M. Langston (April 12): At Starkville damage is slight.

SAIT JOSE SCA LE (Aspidiotus 2erniciosus Comst.)

Georgia 0. I. Snapp (April 17): The San Jose scale has been pretty
generally ]illed out by low temperatures during the past Winter
and by more careful spraying. A large amount of lubricatingoil emulsion was used in the Georgia Peach Belt during the past winter. This was both of the heated and cold-stirred
emulsions?. Usually this scale breeds all winter in this
latitude, but on account of the above conditions no crawlers
have been observed since the occurrence of the low temperatures,
No injury to peach trees has resulted to date from the use of the
lubricating-oil emul sions.

GRASSHOPPES (Acridiidae)

Georgia 0. I. Snapp (April 15). Grasshoppers are troublesome in some
orchards at Fort Valley, often devouring the whole of a small
green peach.









y

STRIPED TREE CRICKT (0ecanthus nizricornis Walk,)

New York K. Et Paine (April 12): One planting in Chattaunua County
is badly infested with eggs,

C, R, Crosby (April 16): Infested raspberry canes were
received from Katonah.

GRAPE

I aTYDIDS

Indiana J. J. Davis (April 23): An unusual number of katydid eggs
have been sent this srin, for identification. Most of
them were collected on grape and :pple.

GE..APE L .EFFOPP R (Erythroneura comes Say)

New York K E., Paine (April 12): In Chautauqua County adults are
abundant under dead leaves and grass.

GRAE M.AY BUG (Pseudecoccus maritius Ehrh.)

Michigan R. H,. Pcttit (April 26): I have just returned from a trip
to our grape belt;at Lawton I found Pseudococcus maritimaQ,
which may perhaps well be called the grape mealy- bu'g, in
Enormous numbers in certain vineyards. They come out when the
weather turns a little warm and retire under the loose bark when it hills. It is really a very serious infestation and apparently covers quite a bit of country,not being confined
to one or two vineyards alone. The ycung mealy bugs, in the
first stage, literally swarm over the old stocks and I will
say that last year I observed the same insect in the same
vineyard where they messed up the vine badly, coating them with
honey-dew and webbing up the bunches of grapes. They also
seem to cause many grapes to fall -nd made very many ,f them
unsightly. Preliminary experiments using nicotine, strng lime-sulphur and Sunoco spraying oil were made, Our grapes are beginning to show a slight swelling of the buds but the
buds have not yet burst. An examination of the roots and top:s cf
leguirinous cover crops such as clover and vetch failed to
reveal any, of the mealy bugs,



CURRANT APHID (jrius ribis L,)

Delaware 0. 0, Houghton (April 23): The first examples of this species
are beginning to appear on currant leaves at Newark.









Utnh G. T. Knowlton (Ap-il 4): hs of Myzus ribis L. are very
numerous on the red currant in the northern p~xrt of this Stcte.
Last year they did serious damage in most placed where this
currant is raised in Uth.

IMPORTE Cum= T 3RER (Synanthedon tipuliformis L,)

Delaware C. 0. Houghton (April): Examination of currant bushes at
17ewark this pring indicates that less injury was caused in
this vicinity by this species last year then is usual.

GCOSIDERRY

GOOSETREY UD: MIDGE (Rhopalomyia grossulariae Felt)

Delaware C, 0, HIoughton (April 1): Cuttings from bushes have recently
been brought in which display the characteristic "witchesbrooms" formed by this species as figured by Houser and Felt,
and I have determined them as indicated above. It is the first
time that this injury has come to my attention.

P EC A

AMROSIA BETLES

ississippi R. W. Earned (April 21): NTmierous complaints have been received
from different sections of the State in regard to ambrosia
beetles in pecan trees. Last winter was probably more severe
on pecan and other orchard trees than any of the preceding five
or six winters. The ambrosia beetles are probably attacking
the trees that have been injured by the cold weather.

ITCO-RY ATPHID (Lngistima caryae Harris?)

Georgia 0. I. Snapp (April 11): Aphids arevery abundant on a 5-year
old pecan tree. They are numerous enough to have devitdlized the
trees had the grower not used nicotine sulph.ate.

CITrUS

COPEAF CURCULIO (Chalcodermus aeneus Boh.)

Florida 7 W~. Yothers (April 17): It is very seldom th:.t the co-pea
weevils become injurious to citrus trees. On March 25, 1922,
however, at Eagle Luke they ore present in -reat abundarde on
new shoots on citrus trees and were causing considerable
dmrage, This year on April 16 they were again present in considerable numbers on the tender foliage on recently set trees. In fact, they had been present on these trees for a
considerable length of time. The new shoots were attacked by clusters of these insects and the damage in preventing growth
was consid -raole. This field had been planted in copeas in







-43


1923 and diskediunder 4n the fall. The -eevils had beenn
picked once and -'ere present on the day of my visit in large
numbers. They had eaten the young shoots so continuously
that the upper foot of the recently set trees had been
killed and only the more vigorously gro-in shoots near the
base survived. It is very doubtful, however, if any tree
w7as really killed by this pest.

CRA1GE

AT APHID (Species undetermined)

Florida A. H. Beyer and W, 1. Yothers (:1iarch 26-April 12): An aphid,
the exact identity of which has not yet been postively determined,
is present in enormous numbers on orange in portions of southern Florida and is doing very important damage. (Purther information
concerning this outbreak can doubtless be furnished in the next
issue of the bulletin.)









R C K C P C P C T S

Q 7' T r 7Z 7

r S 'r, C --:t

S S is CE i-: R, 7 21 '-av- b --.-n received
--_;s d by the cat a
C r; s C C s + S e
at t -1 1? 4 -17 1 1 f r f o 1 iage but Tr e ntion


FC T 7 rj ai a qL e r cu le 3. Zell

exs 1 t T IS Z at e c f C a7 -7 o rn 4 a. -t of Arriculture
2j i 5 c :=f tee of Col:7a 'zloteto Growers,
i I vislt f cr the Fu_--pose of che ckinz Ih
-1 ty c a:;: c a-+ umn i:r at ic n to
I A. --or. o" t--is r- e h cI
4
4, -ro ,: rs in the Ccl:_ a
n "he r, o at
ct z sti:-a-_- t*-fir losses I as ar --- in the n _-;7_-'c, r4. 4- __S C d 4n CLUe 1,0 cf N--r--n-Fest beirr, C
of th
n C t r
7 T _r -77rTT 7 s i ---. L
A-- -a nPc-*,,-a, Lea)

"7 '-rii 25): 1 ha.- -us-' r-c-vind a, letter from T rOt-t:, 'Bro-n, of It'ne D Lvisi- n of Plant Ind-. stry, Statc of
in c.,-- e c: = -u n i c at e: r e= r o r t c f t4-. -_ f i n -. i r 7 o, 11 t h e
tIC,,at3 wzevi" in +-.,.-c races 1; ) milcs apart fust cut:.e of the city

R 7 11 e d r i I I :'r. P. L-ding of has
'i; r i t t -_ n S at a s c n o t-'-- s o- c a 1.1 -1 d s t r or- at 0 vil J e Cc I a. Th-r.
: Es at or Ch r ob.L -L _L
11
s C n w as d i n slp=,e under a by Dr. 'Tan Aller,
t d o n r s or."'y re-ord we
r,,vr cf. nse.t c-Cc,,zrr_-- na in .Ia:tara. F-r, far it has been in cci-n-tJ s in-4ssissJ--cJ Hancock, Harrison,
t C

Pr 77

Ashm.)

1 25 -3ink and 7re;an ar .-_id is a-,Ilearing
nearly In z; r& iss ;ust a s-rinkiing of tnem. now.

Sa7i)

7 7 -_G 5 O.nly a few s-,acJ-e-.rs .,av e been f ound
at i: oll-; date




-7





J E c'-r"v i I I y 1 2 Less tinaL I r c, nt o f th n] ants 'd -i t",iS in3f'C-' C -r
were ,nfI'-s+,,, I t-I A, k, Colcra o pote-to bc -+Ils ndk,
cc.Arol -:--iti-I ai-senatc oil l-,ady at T'cCoLb.

11fred Lix"ker, 26): Very -- 't-x: aduitc s;: on. Larvae no.;
in laige nur-oe.s cit Picayuile.

CABP !OF

r,P()7,r*r,,r) c, Fpilc-F rr.,7jr (Pont-La ranae 'L.

Delaware C. 0. hlo-. ghton (April 17): first exa7rplcs of tf,,is spccic s on
--i.ag at, Ncvark; this is consid.-raoly latcr than -usual.

CABB i'GE jPIIID (1-revi co ryne bras s 4 cae L.

Vir: ,i :.ia h. Sp -,ncQr li): T]nis ii.sect is annaring in co-.si& ,?rable
ruz;;:)ers in tl-e cast :;rn 715.r---rinia truczin ,: districts 'any gro,,rcrs
are s -,%-,art :nl-- to dust n-cotik,-- d-..cts.



STTIP!7 FR -"Iv ROCT !"77 7'71. (.-7'-,,-achvr!-inus rc)rs L.

Vrashington D. C. I'ctE (Ipril E,): Corres-,oei onts rercrtod strxx"berry root
we,- vil increasi.-,F in lralnro;-)v r.

RED SPID--P (Tet- Lr

Yew York L. C. Tyler (1pril 19): This irsect is ropcrzcd f rcir lit-rstc-ad
as present in sz.aill n- moz.rs

PF,* TS

ITEXICAN BFPN EFETLE (E--: Iiil-cn.na ccrrunta "u1s.)

V E oxard A.- ri 1 16 ) : i n t near
3irningham, have result,:d in finc..inor n.cre ceetIes Der uni-;;- of area
thal. -." -,ring -he previous two wi-nt ,rs; also, -C.s and
jj
more colonies xere fc-,ind. too early to Fivc. -ccrc nt, ges of survival in tlae lii errtdtion cages, it is expected t"I'*a-11- the
survival be sore !;I at lo* 'ver tlj.--,XL the av ra7 e of the t-o precc-ding sedEcl s. The severe caus d the to remain
absolutely dormal-ft durin- t-ht-., greater rart of the xd,
activity did nct st ,rt 5.

PE A Co q

PEA APHID (I 1 ii-kil r i Ka'

:,Ississipfi IR :x -, ie d ( Ir, r --1, 1 2 1 The nea aphid is ar.-)earing in certa 4
parts of the State, especie.11y in tI-e L-rncrt,,.,nt tr-- ck- ;rc-,,,in r
section in tile sou.thwesterr, nart.







-46

Calif Ornia R. E. C,_rinell (i 6lL): Coui-.ts of 10 feet of row sholwod an
av!; ag?, of from i. to 4C0 adsQ, with an average for thc entire IPOO acres of 5 per 10 f et of roy7. in the Santa Clara Vallcy.
Coccin_'6.s and a fe,,, syrp'h-ids were observed, but thL-,re was not
nructi activity as yut.



A !,,IrYPTJ2POD (Prooably Scolo~endella sr.)

I n d a-,,.a j J Davis ( April 23): A, species of a Trv:'iopod, probably
Scolc-ndrd lia sp., was fi-st r_-po2ted dira ;ing lettuce in greenhous (s Iby eating roots, at Indianapol-is, January 8. Cons id orab le
damage was reported in this greenhouse, ard reports from other
sections of the State indicate si:7ilar injury in other localities.

i -C -AVI-ER BFFTLF (Tro. suboerosus t'au.)

Indiana h. F D iot z (Ari -4 22): scavenger rocetle has cOeen sent into
th'is o Ffice fcr idnif ication from Greencastle where. It occurr~w
in lrenumburs in the soil of lettuce houses. The lettuce
gro,:er in-for-s us that the adult beetles also feed on the leaves
of letluco at night. Poisoned bran bait is beina tt'ied as a
cc n' ro".

PHFUB A1_B

1, LE4P7 BEETLE (Gas-troidea aenca de)

Neoraska .1.Swenk (.April 21) : Fror. 11"orrill Cou'nty ccries a report that
during the thiird week in April rhub..rb plants in a garden, had the
new: leaves covered w-ith a leaf-beetle-,,wihtraee od
serious in-ur; to th'_e rhubarb leav--e.



'BET-PC_'T~ I;rEI' (rempLrgus beta Doane)

Ut ah G. F. Kn.ociton (,i'pril P) Peym-.'h I -us b c tac nuir ero us ,.wint eri ng
over in ce.-tain ocet f efds -where they -io-re ,ad last voar in
Cache County.







BOLL 7TE'ITIL (tLn-thonoms &EaZadis Bch.)

Texas T_ C. BEaro'gr (Apri1 17): Tho boll kreevil has oon reported from'
t~eLo r ioGrande Vaiey as havi rg oren fou-nd in a numter of f 1'lJe "'uring ti,_ -past three or four days in ti-e localities of
S, r Benito, Rio i'onc and Los Indios. Found the first adults I have scen in tla ?_ro-:rrsvJli s. otion today. Cotton is very
oack"-a&I~ 0wing z1Q ary a Tronth late duo to a cold and unfavorable
s rlng .







47

TC- B PC Cr)

TOR ICCO -IE A BEETLE. L,2 rvula raiL.)

Florida F S Chdn,- be r I in ( t%nril 'A. 5 The tobacco fiea-bootlc is nresert
this s-pri., o; in about the usual numbers in of the previous
sew-re %-i-I-fter) at Q, .-,incy.

I
CTirr-c)7 ar..-exa Troit.)

'Florida P. S. Chamberlin CAIDril 15): This cut .- rom is fairly nur-E rous on
o oa c cc cal) oa,7,, and vario,;.s truck crcrs, at Quincy.
-L D -0 T, (FO14 0+
TO'P:'TCO is V4 -res c,.,rs -t7'ao

'Florida F. S Chamiz r*lin (Aqnril T-' ,-e tobacco bud,:.rcr- is a--earinc- in
th6 usual xwmbora. 1, 11 -:" Y n E, s of tobacco arc attack d 01 ti-is
ns o ct .

Pi CF

PJCE SrnIJK-BC.RF-L (qL iio Zinck.)

Louisiana J. 7- (1-ril 2-0: 1 f t -, r i nat i o n-c -n several
d i f ',e r! ,, nt lo c a! it i 3s in the ri c -, s E, c Z ic n s c ut s t C r n Lo uis i a rl L
the mortalit,-' of' over.,,rir:ter-ing larvae in ri-,, s.IubIblo has '3 -.n
found -:Uo 6.3 ar,., ut CA per c-,nt.

-z raoa sa,7-'- -r Ijs 'Tae.)

Louisiana 'r rr Ti--gran (A:-ril 2 1): ,fter -xi a--* ons Cf f4 -1( S Jn sovcr.ai
differ. xnt localities in -",-he ric,,-,- s-ct.;-cn cf' sc-,rthl7r,'-stt.: rn I ouisJana
the mortality of larva,-, in rico s _u"-;olc has bnl-n
'I c u nd t C L) 0 a 0 0 u t ", 3 r t re-",,I--Po,-.-r r r of t-"- liv"
ocrers found -, :cre D.


7 0 R E 3 T I, N D S E I D F T R F E I Y S E C T S

"ISULL.' NTOUS

TERR'ITI-S (5,e-ti-culi-'--, r-es sp ).)

GEI ERAJL T. ".E. Synder (Jui3- 1-,19' 3 A-Di Purir. --, -eriod
F T I TE! T F 1' T rep o rts c f t Tm t e 6L, ag, e to '- %)c( -, i k aznd co iA iAlo c f 'bu
ranged f ror. 71orida t,, and vjcstward tc 'cxa- and
e U r as ,: a Tour rercr-4--s- 'vere received rrom Cali-fornia.

Indiar.a H. P. Dietz I P r -- 1 22 Terri'Zes reccn cd at Indianapolis durin.7
the past montA,. '-iave oe-n Aetiuliter, ,es v:rpr-*-r;*.cus Panks The
S-7.-aming as rceoiAed for t crant dAr ling hous ,s in 4 an
apolis was on I.,pril









48

J. J. Thivis (iprril 23): Territes have been unusually abundant this y( ar. The first record w7,as on Fcbruary 26. Most of the
records oil injury and swarrring of territes have been received
during the, lest two wceks. As -ric-ht be expected, the infestationis are unusually cordon in the southern half oil the State, Logansport being the f arthes t-north record of injury reported
this spring.

A PO17DER-P0ST EFETLE (Ltvs sp.)

I ndian a J. J. Davis (April 23): Powder-post beetles .-fere sent in front
Columbus on! Iarch 3, where they are reported daraging acacia veneer
wood used in the nanufacture of furniture.

JUNIPER SCtLE (Di,aspis caru--li Targ.)

Indiana FIT. F. Dietz (April 22): The juniper scale was scnt in to this
office from. Richmron.d on Ap~ril 6. The rant infested was Irish
juniper, Juni-, rus cor-i-unis var. hioernica, seAt into Indiana fror.a nursetyr near Philadelphia. This is the third record of this
insect in Indiana, the other lcalitits being T'uncie and IndianaTolis.

ETLOCK 7'TBE-"OFT (Gelechia aoietise~la Pack.)

Mtassachusetts A.. I. Bcurne (,A-'ril 24): Evcirgreen heiges in this particuJar
rEg;ion (xhrt)have been brought to our attention because of the
f act that thrcre i~s a ver:, genteral and quite heavy infestaticn by th eelc .-'o m. TI-e characteristic ,-,ork of this srecies on the leaves during this season before gro:?,t. starts is v'-ry conSpicuous.,

BlpG7Rrp (Thyrido-ptfrTX elo rereraefcr--_-s ha!.,.)

14issouri L. Baseman (1priJ. 23): This -rest %ras unuzualaly troublesore in
certain, pa-rts of ?Missouri List su~r,1C., and. tl .e cv.: rv.in touring bags have attructod n~uch atte,,ition during the past r'onth, par-ticularly
in the west-central -o-rt of the State.

F;L L C NK W70T (.Lls 0 :hi a -0or et a r ia 1 a r r is

New, York G.. 1'. Codding (P-aril): M1oths were noticed in large numbers up te
Deceimocr 20', 1923. Egg ranses areo cor'-ron on shade and f ruit trees,
which apparently reans mnuch darago thlis srring.

Ohio. H. A Gossard (iFar~h X"2): Yr. C. F. Irish, a landscape gard-ner
of Cleveland, ruportod to us That the cankerrorr r-oths ',!ere soen coming up a~out. tl'e first week in 1'arch. Vo fiel d vlork hats yet
coflmfl2 c lCed








49

BIRCI-i

BIIIC i LF.,-r-SKFLFTON!TZFR _q.:u]-atrix canadcnsisella Clarb.) C 0 nne C-41- i cut R. B. Friend (,A-pril 23): Tke scarcity cf coc cns c,: training livo
pupae co:rrared with the nt wocr of old, an erpty cocoons ,,;ould sf-,-!to indicate fewer of tliesE ins-,.:;cts this coming year, al-I-A-o.7h 1-here
is r-uch local variation.

-FOXELPER

BOXELDER PLAN77-RUO (Lc.tccoris tririttati-s Sa South Dakota E. S. Severing (.A-riI 2): T h J s o -.). 17 r as s e d t- ? e r s u I- 1- z, s f 11:,
end is no-,-! ixyi_Ig eggs If *-.7 cne of thf ins cts -i-, 1us



Ell' SCUR'rY c7C. 'I-,E (Ch_-.cnas pis -chno.) Ohio H. L. Gossara' (I'arch 22): The cir.1 scurfy scale, or, eir., was rcceived from 'ellington January 30.

ELTI' PGRE.-.-I (Sanerda t r i d-c- n -t ,t z-:L 0 1 v Veoraska T'. H. Swenk (.t" rii Duling -ril tl n bor,_r .-.-as report d
-7. trees in our soutf.ei as .aving serioL sl-_ i-1-1ured or kil led 6-, r -is t rn
coui Adi Js

L !R CH

Lt-Cr_ CPST-3F,'RFF (Ccleo ;h,:.ra llaric ,,12a Eue -.N C o nn e ct i c-A 7 E .7 r i t t o i i r r i 1 24 Coccc-_,,is or ,Tir-trr c,_ sr: "s 7* :re s,),Z.t us
j.zxch 15 uy S. 7!'. Fddv, ooserw d t'ZIat 'xI-re f e- inup on t.i. er.

LC CI TST
LOCUST BOR",-9 Jne ro -in4ae vors-.)

(7
iiew York G. I','. Codding 'arch): L o c u s t t r, t G t i r o u o t s t cj'- -, s "I r
County -are oa-.'ly iafestled. 17 a I -71
.Ay 're E's avc, &_ en killed..

O_;

(L a chnc s t e r-na

G. h. Bradley 5): Tl ese appeared aolo.ndantly
around a f'lo-T,'eri-ng -_,-_ k true and xere creati_-.7, cons16, .r,--ble (,,oyrmotion about 8







50

POPI;iR

A YA.Y-BEETLE (Lachnostc-rna arcuata Smith) Lov.Ls iana G. h. Bradley (April A): TI-lis insect has de-PoIJatcd four youn,
about five-year-o1d, troos on a I-amn at i"ound.
APTHDIDAE
onulicola Thos.)

Louisiana G. h. 5r,.;d!(--y (,,'a,y 14). Reported fron Fou-rd as abundant on poplar
t re es

!"PPLE

11.1PLE BORER (S-ynanth,:don ac :rni Cleni.) Ohio E. 7. Fendenhall (April 2F): Faplc borers are doing considerable
dar.nage to the rr:aple tr(,es in thc rosiiiantial district of south
Dayton*


I N IS E C T S T T I C X I N G G R P F I' H 0 U S F 1, D 0 R P' F T M

GR7EMHOUFF "I-IIT-r '-LY (Trialeu.rodcs varcrariorur I'Iestw.)

New York C. R. Crrsby (I'arch 21): In infested oxalis leaf was rcce4ved
Earlville.

VIRIFGATFD CUTI'IORT ('Deridror-a rargaritosa hiaw.)

Intaiana H. P. Dietz (1,pril '422): The variegated cutil-orr was recorded as
a p, --rious pc st on gr ,onhouse sri.ijI-ax at Richr-ond and at Greencastle.
The greer.-. iouse carnations iucre also in.,urc-d by t-hese caterpillars*

C-REEDT JUIIIT 7F'rr7.jF (Cotinis nitid.a L.)

Indiana J. J. Davis (A -ril 23): on -%ril 1-5 damage -to a lw!n by the
green Jw-,Le beetle -rub was rcPcr-'-ed fron "'ar-svillo, Clark County,
1. I-ate -i-ot far frc!r Louisville xhich is in th( scvthern part of, tl,- S'
Ky

I RI q

IRIS FOCT-F CMR (liacronoctua, onusta Grote)

Indiana H. F. Dietz (A, ril 21"): Iic parasitic of iris root-bcrer
have. ue--,n identified by spuciaaists in the United States Naticnal
Fuseu.m as Apntclt s r-ili+aris "Falsh and AT.-,blv+c-l .s _4ucundus. Brulle,
tsie forf..er being identified by 1-,r. Cushr-,an. This arTarently is the first record of any parasites of the iris root-bcror, r!hich
has been a very sr"rious PCst or, ornamr.ntLLl iris plantinj7,s -;.n
India'la.








51

ROSE

A MVY-BEETLF (Lachnosterna hirticula Knoch)

Mississippi Alfred Lutken (March 29): The first oeotlEs vmcre observed in
flight just at dusk, hovering about rose and fig at Layto n.

ROSE LEIT-TYER (Caccecia rosaceara Harr.)

Illinois C.C. Corpton: The rose leaf-tyer is oecoring numerous and
trouolesome to rose growers in the vicinity of Chicao.

IN ENPFY 0o PPHIDE

Louisiana G. H. Bradley (April 5): Individuals of thle spotted lady-oeetle
(Cegilla raculata DeG.) ,vere noted to have left th ir hibernating quarters in an old oak tree and 'yere eagorly searchin, rose bushes
in the vicinity of 7ound.


INSECTS AV ECTIN G A'

AND D 0 E S T I C AN I T' P LS



OX tTARBLE (Hypoderrrma lineatum DeVill.)

Idaho R. A. Yuttkowski (April 19): Infestation 'ith Hypoderra
lineatun; The case was a boy of eight at Oro ino, Idaho. The
larva of this bot er2erged from a selling on the boy's head,
a little oehind the ear and above the neck, leaving the characteristic puncture or hole in the middle of the swelling. The case was reported to me by Dr. Fairly of Ororino, who sent re the bct
together ;ith the case history. This was typical in every respect. The boy was brought to the physician's notice in late
January, when he complained of axillary pains, stiffness, low fevers, and "shooting pains." The doctor found only a slight
swelling at the tire, located near the clavicle. This swelling
roved upward and around the neck to the back of the head where it seemed to halt and grow larger. The physician suspected a
tumor and was preparing to operate in a few days, when the mother
noticed the appearance of a perforation in the middle of the
swelling, followed by the emergence of the larva. This was in
February, about the 14th.

IXODIDAE

Idaho R. A. Vuttkowski (April 19): Hurmification of a wood tick; one
of my students reported to me about three weeks ago that she had
been bothered with a peculiar hardening of tissue in her rizbt heel, as though a lump of sone sort had formed. There was no
definite shape. to the lump, except that a stall papilla had
for-ed externally with a central opening. The lump had caused








-52

no pain at any tire, but it irritated her w:hen walking, as it felt
as if she had a foreign body in her sho,. A physician opened
the "papilla" a month ago, probing down the "canal" and finally took fror: it an adult wood tick (the spotted fever type), which
was quite hard and completely runnrmified. Yrith the cause of "the
lu:ip" thus removed, the physician deemed further operation unnecessary. A week ago the sarre student told me that the lump
was rapidly disappearing and scarcely noticeable when she walked.
The tire of infection is of interest. The girl could not give
r-e an exact date, but she felt that the parasite had attached itself during April or May last year (1923) since at that tine
she had gone on frequent picnics to the woods around Moscow.
Since then she had not been into the woods. Indeed, she had
first noticed the formation of a snall lump late last summer, but
had not considered it of sufficient importance to consult a physician. Evidently the tick had fastened to her heel and bored its
way into the epidermis. Since the heel is much in use, there was
a protective hypertrophy of epidermal and subcutaneous tissue' to cut off or surround the parasite, thus causing "a lump". Death
of the parasite, I imagine, care from the sweat and lack of oxygen.
After that the parasite was passive, but the tissue still continued its attempt to isolate the foreign body. The interesting feature of the case is the unusual point of attack; the rerrainder is merely a repetition of the usual defensive methods of the body against foreign bodies. Students come to me often enough to tell me of wood-tick bites. But these occur most frequently below the
knee, in the groin, in the axilla, but especially just below the margin of the shoulder-blade. I have also taken a tick or two
from the heads of a boy and a girl.

CATTLE

CAI\YON HORSE-rLY (Tabanus rubescens Bellardi)

Texas D. C. Parma- (April 21): One specimen of the canyon horse-fly
has been observed at the laboratory on April 16- This is a very
early date for appearance and is the earliest on record for appearance at the laboratory. None were observed in the canyons on
April 19.

SCP0O7OVT (Chrysomva macellaria Vab.)

Texas D. C. Parman (April 21): The screorm fly is increasing in
numbers and the winter blow-fly is diminishing rapidly, about
50-50 on the first of this month and is about 85 per cent sc Wworm flies and 15 per cent Phorvia regia on April 21. Several
cases of worms have appeared on ranches and it will probably be
a year of many cases of worms as the adults have appeared in
greater numbers at an earlier date than normal.






53

HORN FLY (Haematobia irritans L.)

Texas D. C. Parman (April 21): The adults of the horn fly have appeared in good numbers (as many as 1,000) on sove cattle in all herds on April 10. There has been some increase to date except
in a strip of territory in the hailstorm area to the south, where
very few adults are observed at present.

POULTRY

CHICKEN MITE (Dermanyssus gallinae Redi)

Texas D. C. Parman (April 21): It is worthy of note that the chicken
mite has not been observed at Uvalde this season and it has not been possible to maintain an infestation for experimental work.

VFO~L TICK (Argas miniatus Koch)

Texas D. C. Parmnnan (April 21): The fowl tick has appeared in good numbers where they have not been controlled, and some losses have
occurred.

DOG S

BITING DOG LOUSE (Trichodectes latus Nitzsch)

Connecticut W. E. Britton (April 11): The first definite record which I have
received from this State is from Pomfret, where this pest was
attacking a collie.


INSECTS INF ESTING H 0 USES AND PRE Tr I S FS

CARPENTER INT (Camponotus herculeanus pennsylvanicus DeG.)

Mississippi M. R. Smith (April 10): Ur. R. P. Colmer recently sent to this
office for determination specimens of the carpenter ant, which he
stated were infesting the house of a lady at Moss Point. The
ants were particularly aoundant on preserves and cold ham on which
they were feeding.

EUROPEAN EAR7IG (Forficula auricularia L,)

Oregon B. B. Fulton (April 4): Most of the eggs had hatched in warn
situations at Albany. Pear trees are just beginning to blossom
at this time and may serve as an indicator.

AN ANT (ffeastogaztq laevius cula Vayr)

Mississippi L R. Smith (April 3): This species of ant was found infesting
a house on the campus at the A. & M. College. The housekeeper
states that they are worse on warm days and have been noticed coming in on the pillars from the ground. The ant is fond of greasy foods or sweets. C. laeviuscula is not a common house
pest in this locality.





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