The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00014

Full Text











THE INSECT PEST SURVEY

B U LL ETI N



A periodical review of entomological conditions throughout the United States,
issued on the first of each month from April to November, inclusive



















Volume 3 June 1, 1923 Number 3


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY

U NITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE



T HE STAT E E N TOMOLOGI CA L

AGENCI ES COOPERATING
















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013










http://archive.org/details/insectl923jun









INSECT PEST SURVEY B ULLETTN


Vol. 3 June 1, 1923 No. 3


OUTSTADINIG ENTOMOLOGICAL FEATURES IN THE UNITED STATES FOR !,AY, 1923
Throughout the greater part of the chinch bug belt the bugs wre in flight
during the latter part of April and the first week in Kay. Infestations are reported as quite heavy in the southeastern part of Kansas and northeastern part of Oklahoma. Conditions are reported as about normal in Missouri, and a little above normal in Nebraska, Indiana, Illinois, and Ohio.

The Hessian fly is reported as being practically controlled this year in Ohio and Illinois. Rather severe infestations are reported from parts of ITT and from southeastern Neoraska, and the fly is also reported as being on the increase again in Missouri.

Rather severe wire orm injury is reported from Nebraska, Hisscuri, Iow:a, and W7ashington State.

The pea aphid as a pest to both alfalfa and garden peas has been reported as much more than normally destructive in Missouri, Kansas, California, tidewater
Virginia, Kentucky, Michigan, Iowa, and the western part of Oklahona.

Heavy grasshopper outbreaks are already indicated in parts of Texas and M ontana.

The apple aphid situation during May was not serious throughout the .reate: part of the eastern fruit belt. The green apple aphid was reported as abnrmally abundant in Georgia, while the rosy apple aphid was reported as doing sore daage in sections of Indiana and in the western part of Arkansas.

An unusual infestation of the fruit-tree leaf-roller appears likely in Cache County, Utah.

The apple-tree tent-caterpillar is appearing in unusual numbers throughout
the New England and the Middle Atlantic States as far south as Virginia.

Good results on control of the San Jose scale with lubricating-oil emulsion are reported from Missouri and Illinois.

Experiments carried on in Georgia seem to indicate that no damage is done to peach trees from 3 to 5 years old by the use of 3/4 of an ounce of paradihlorobenzene for a period of 28 days Excellent results from the use of this inscticide in commercial peach orchards are reported.

The Mexican bean beetle is reported from Lee County, Ala., 50 miles south of the known infested area in 1922, and has been reported from the eastern part of Mississippi, a State which was not known to be infested last year.



53 -












The bc an lcoafI-beetle is unusuzli!Y abundaw-i in Uyh',Tlin LL ,rzd 1lississippi, in sore piaz(-s koi-ig considerable darnage to garden beans*

Unusual damage by the stri-red cucu-7ocr- i eetlc. is re -or :2 fro Tcr ha N. Y. t i -e'vater Virsinia, Yaryland, K1.ucy .oiinIissii nd D7'
HexicoC.

The boll ecvil is pros n rt in threat ni-g numbers in parts of Te xas arn Mississippi. The winter mortality wvas nichi 1:1*rher urin7, the rast wJintcer than during the winter r of 1921-,22 in Okicl-ora.

The tobacco flea-beetle is reno- rted as seriously injuring see-d beds in Kentucky and 1Karyland.

The periodical cicada, Brood ,"IV, is ap ,nearL-- in scattering numbers in
parts of "aryland, arnd a sin7gle i-diviclual .was takUon at :'a- 'oocl, Va. Pio o d XX'I is appearing in a full emergence in tne four south-v:ester oni es of 1,sssip

The yellow-fever mosquito is appearing unu-sually early this year in parts of Louisiana. This post has also been rer(erta.d fr~om G-alveston and ic oston, Tex.


OUTS T\IN BN.IT~I OLOGCC L FWFATUT'S IN CN FOR "AY 19:?3.

The close of 7i:ay finds the season still two reslater than 1922 in central and eas-4ern Canad-a. but as much earlier in the 71hst and Pacific Coast sections. In Alberta whcext seeding "'jas aout complete by >1,,y 25, being, soro:tat earlier than normal- ov'rin5 to the soil mois'Cure conditions -:while planti -,row'th and insect develorw-ent are aucut as usual. In Noava Scotia the se ason is later than at any tire during the past ten years.

Stern mnoth,,ers of the raspberry aphid, ;Anhis rubihila Patch', which is one Of the most important factors -ii the dissemination of rasp .berry mosaic, a1 :isease verve r: evalent in n-orthorn Ontario,, are more plentiful than usual in the raspberry pn tatic 5 of the lriaga'a District.

The pearx-1eaf blister mite is extremely prevalent on apples this season in tace Okanagan Valley, British Colurbia. Its snrac on apples has been re norre*.nal d-uring the past t-,- o ye ars; pears in the s re orchards commonly being le f t uninf esK

The glassy cutw. orm, S-radevastator Brace* P is common and widely diet ributed in the v _cinitv of Sakto.SasL atche1wan, this year. The larvae are
fund f e eding o n th-otLfth idorey, a weed, of cult ivated pasture la-nds .

The wireworm, ILriotes Tnancus Say, is thne most numerous injurious s-oncies
in he artmouth vegctaole-ro-ing area c."NvaSsta

The forest ten~t caterpillar, Lalacosorra er osa, Streclwihdflae
forty square miles of aspen poplar in the V'oose ::oui-tain 7or;.st Reserve, Saskatchewvan, in 1924 is present again in large numbers and t.e entire. Reserve is threatened with serious defoliation. The outbreak w ill a.parently be general throughout a large part of Southern Saskatchewan and Alberta.








55

In many sections in the Similkameen and Okanagan Valleys of British
Columbia crickets (Decticinae) have hatched in considerable numbers this year. The coulee cricket, Peranatrus scabricellis Scud., and the Uormon cricket, Anabrus simolex var. maculatus Caudell, formerly recorded for these sections by the finding of an occasional specimen, are present this year in noticeable numbers.

Additional reports of injury to spruce by the Eastern spruce bark-beetle, Dendroctonus'.iceaperda Hopk., have been received frcu the northern part of the Gaspe Peninsula in the Province of Quebec. An extensive infestation by this species has been developing slowly in the central part of this Peninsula for several years. It is of special interest that this section, the only large area in Eastern Quebec which escaped the recent spruce budworm outbreak, is the only one in which serious bark-bedtle injury has appeared in recent years. Similar injury to large white spruce in northern Hanitoba and Saskatchewan. investigated last season,i& apparently decreasing in intensity.


CEREAL AND F 0 RAGE CR 0 P INSECTS

H EAT

CHINCH BUG (Blissus leuconterus Say)

Ohio H. A. Gossard (May 11): weather conditions hhve been rather favorable
for the development of chinch bugs and since there were planty of them
last year we expect they will attract snme attention.

Indiana H. F. Dietz (May 19): A large flight of the overvintering adults of
this insect took place at Indianapolis on May 1.

J. J. Davis (May 22): Chinch bugs are numerous in wheat fields in
many parts of the State but are rather inactive on account of the cool
weather.

Illinois W. P. Flint (May 18): A general flight of chinch bugs from winter
quarters occurred from April 24 to May 1. Large numbers of bugs can be found in the wheat at the present time. The infested area extends
from Henderson County in western Illinois and Cook County in eastern
Illinois, south to Union, Johnson,and Pope Counties. The weather has
been very cool for the past two weeks. Sufficient numbers of bugs are
present in this area to cause serious damage during the coming season.

Nebrqska M. H. Swenk (May 28): On !lay 21 chinch bugs were beginning to appear
commonly in the wheat fields of Gage County, and a few were to be seen
in the fields as far north as Cass County.

Missouri L. Haseman (May 8): The first bugs at Columbia were observed on the
wing April 21 and again April 28 and during the week of April 29 to
May 5 were observed in Howard County. (May 22): Chinch buys apparently wintered safely and by the first of -ay had begun migrating. To
date wheat fields inOXntral Missouri show rather light infestation, but
in some parts of the State farmers report heavy infestations of winged
bugs.










A. F. Satterthwait (! ay 14): Chinch bugs were in flight at Pacific
on April 11 (R. C. Lange, observer), and-rwere in copulation at the
same place on May 7. Numbers have be-en small since April 2,
the temperature was 200F.

Kans as J. '7. 'McColloch (May 3): In southeastern Kansas corn and sorF.hurs
are up and the bugs are attacking these crops. Migration was later
than usual this year ow-.ing to the backward spring. (May 3): Chinch bugs have been flying in large numbers the last few days and becoming
established in wheat and other small g-rains .

Oklahoma E. E. Scholl (April 24): The observation on this inseCt showed the
air full of chinch bugs on the wing from winter quarters along a ravine to wheat fields. The flight was northward. Lacality, 7
miles west of Stillwater, in Payne County. Many more were observed
than last month. (May 9): A chinch bug survey made last week
showed that these insects are very numerous in the northeastern part of Oklahoma. There are considerably more insects present where the
fields were not burned thoroughly last winter. Wheat growers of
that part of this State are now convinced that thorough burning is a
fine chinch bug control measure.

HESSIAN FLY (Phvtonhaga destrmetor Say)

Ohio H. A. Gossard (May 11) : In the few fields of wheat that were sowed
early last f all bef ore the f ly-f ree date there is an abundance of Hessian fly, but such fields are so few that they will not affect
the general situation, which is better than it has been during the last t"co years in Ohio with reference to the Hessian fly. No eggs
have yet been found at Wooster or at Chillicothe.

Illinois W. P. Flint (April 20): Adults of the Hessian fly have not yet been
found in the fields. ('May 16); The first adults of this insect
were seen at Urbana on April 30. Spring brood of the fly will
apparently be very lightibut little damage to wheat is expected from
this brood.

Iowa F'. D3. Butcher (May 7):. On May 5, in Polk County, the adult flies
were emerging in large numbers. Or. 16 stalks having 2 oV 3 blades
there were 92 eggs.

F. A. Fenton (May 16): A field trip taken May 5 by Dr. C. J. Drake and Fred Butcher revealed the fact that Hessian flies were swarming in the wheat fields, and our cage experiments indicate that they are
emerging in large numbers on favorable days. Present indications
are that there will be serious Hessian fly damage wherever wheat was
planted before the fly-free date,

C. N. Ainslie (M~ay 26).:. In fields near Onawa, which were very
heavily infested last October, I find that the spring infestation is almost 100 per cent. At least every plant was infedted with larvae,
many of them mature and many in the flaxseed stage. From 4 to 8
larvae were common in a single tiller.








57

Nebraska U. H. Swenk (May 28): In spite of the dry suirmer and fall of 1922,
the Hessian fly has by no means dropped out of sight. it spems
fairly well distributed over southeastern NebrasIka, and in t'e eastern
parts of Cass and Ctoe Counties has so injured the already thin stand of wheat in many fields, where it was working last fall, that they are
being plowed up and planted to corn. Farmers in this section sowed
their wheat earlier than they should have done last fall, in many cases
and such fields are the ones chiefly injured. In a number of fields in that section examined early last week from 75 per cent to practicqlly 100 per cent of the stems were affected, sore affected stems containing 30 or more larvae, so that tLe fields promised alnywherc From
a quarter of a normal crop to nothing at all. They were just beginning to transform into puparia on May 21.

Missouri A. F. Satterthwait and assistants (M.ay 14): First eggs were found at
Meramec Highlands and at Pacific April 19; first field adults at
Pacific April 19. Eggs are scarce. Some larvae of the first brood
were nearly fully grown at Pacific on May 9.

L. Haseman (hay 22): The hessian fly is apparently on the increase
again. Fall infestations in the southern part of the State and along
the northern tier of counties were somewhat alarming, and we are expecting some loss of grain from the fly, particularly in the northern
part of the Statethis summer.

CRE.ATER VHFAT-ST.T M'100T (,ero 'za .mericara Fitch)

Oklahoma Edward Martin (April 15): At Buffalo, Harper County, this insect is
producing spots similar to those produced by greenbugs and was thought
for a long time to be Toxoptera work. It is more abundant than in the average year but about the same as last month. Infested spots
in fields counted and showed a 1 per cent infestation.

GREENBUG (Toxoptera graminum Rond.)

Ohio T. H. Parks (May 20); In Pickaway County wheat is badly damaged by
Toxoptera in one spot of a field. The spot joined a blue grass fence
row from which the aphids evidently came. The blue grass at this
place was killed by them. Aphids have spread considerably but are
now overcome at this spot by coccine lid larvae. No extended damage
to the remainder of the field is expected. The aphids evidently
wintered in this blue grass. We have had no zero weather the past winter. No reports of its presence have been received from other
localities in the State.

Kans as J. W. M-cColloch (April 26): The greenbug is now present in Ellis,
Cowley, Sumner, Harper, and Comanche Counties. The infestation is
spotted and confined to small areas, but winged forms are present and
there has been some spreading. Coccinellid adults and larvae are
abundant in most fields.








58

Oklahoma E. E. Scholl' (April 25): I h ave insncctcd quite a number of grainr
fields in the Counties of Pa-nee, Pay.n, Ncble, Logan, CKrfield
Grant, and Alfalfa. Recent rains have brought ou ti wheat wonderfully well, and the presence of lady-beetles, especially in the
western counties, has greatly reduced the iiesttion in the
western part of Payne County it develore iin our invest tins
yesterday that occasionally we find fields where the greenm;gs are
so numerous that a great deal of wheat will be destroyed before the
pest will be overcome by the lady-beetles.

WESTERN APRY CUT1'ORm (Chorizarrotis au-iliaris Crcte)

Nebraska H. Svweuk ( ,ay 28): Shortly after Yay 16 1 learned that a local
but heavy flight of the moths of the western arTy cutworm, was taking
place in Arthur County.

THEAT JOINT'OPJ (Emlita tritici Fitch)

Missouri A. F. Satterthwait (lay 1): Each year a portion of many hillside
wheat fields is left unharvested, with Haralita tritici the dominant
insect pest and infestations up to 40 per cent common, occasionally over 80 per cent. Adults were issuing on April 27; the apex of the
issuance had not been reached on Mvay 1. he locality of the infestation was at Valley Park.

WIREWORMS (Elateridae)

:issouri A. F. Satter.hwait (May 14): Occasional stalks of wheat were found
killed by wireworm larvae at Valley Park in several bottom fields,
the larvae ranging from about 1/2 to over 1 inch in length. Similar
injury by wireworms was observed at Pacific May 7.

Nebraska !. H. Swenk (April 15 IHay 15): In addition to losses by false wvireworms, there seem to have been some rather serious injuries by a
species of true wireworm, apparently a Cryptohypnus or Limonius, in the Platte Valley of western Nebraska. Such reports were first received from Keith County near Ogallala and later from Morrill County
near Broadwater and from Scotts Bluff County. These reports were received during the last few days in April and the first two weeks
in Liay, winter wheat being the injured crop in all cases.

DRY-LAND E7IREORP (Ludius noxius Hyslop)

Washington M. C. Lane (April 19): In a trip through Douglas County, especially
around Wa'erville, damage to the winter wheat from this wireworm seems
to be somewhat less than usual. This is due largely to the better
stands and thriftier growth of the grain, which is in turn due to the
dry copper carbonate treatment of fall seed for cut arnd better cultura:
methods of the last few years. Wireonrms were found easily in the
poorer stands, but their damage was not noticeable in the majority of
fields, especially where the wheat was covering the ground at this time.
It is too early to find damage to spring wheat, of which there is
very little being seeded. Wireworm damage to spring sown wheat is
entirely deboendent on weather conditions. With warm dry spring after
seeding the wireworms will not work as readily as if the weather remains
cold and damp.








(May 1): Larvae of this species are doing the normal amount of
damage to the wheat in the Big Bend Region this spring. Damage by
the larvae to spring wheat is normal in all fields, owing to cool damp
weather the last two weeks. Loss from wireworms of this species averages at this time 10 tb 20 per cent of the! total plants that
sprouted, and the damage is continuing. There is no difference in
damage between fields with wet formaldehyde smut treatment and fields
treated with dry copper carbonate, though there is more stand and
thriftier wheat in the latter fields dry treated. Damage will continue
till the weather warms up and the ground dries out down to the wheat
crowns.
Adults of this species have appeared the first week in Ilay for the
last three seasons and this year is no exception, a few being found
today. The males are the only sex found in flight and these only for
a week or two.
This report applies to Lincoln, 1dars, and Franklin Counties.

IRRIGATION T7IRE70oBI (Pheletes sp.)

Washington M. C. Lane (April 24 and 25): In a trip through the irrigated valleys
adjacent to Ellensburg and Yakima, wireworms of this genus were found doing a little damage to spring grain. Damage was similar in every
way to that done by wireworms of the genus Ludius under dry-land conditions. However, this wireworm seems to be more of a truck crop wireworm and feeds the whole season on several crops of this class. it is
only found under irrigated conditions and thrives best in wet sour
places in this section. Damage to growing tubers of potatoes by the
feeding tunnels of this wireworm mounts into the millions of dollars
every year in Yakima Valley. So far this is the worst insect enemy
the farmers of this fast-gtowing truck crop section have to deal with.

INFLATED TIREOFI (Ludius inflatus Say)

Washington M. C. Lane (April 24 and 25): In a trip to Kittitas and Yakima Counties
this wireworm was found to be doing considerable damage to winter wheat
on the high prairies near the timber. 7ireworms of this species rere collected at both Thorp and Tieton that had been killing the wheat for
10 days past and were still at work, although the ground was becoming
warm and dry. Good examples of damage done by spring harrowing of
winter wheat were seen in thesd places. Places skipped in fields by
the harrow showed fine stands of wheat, while the most part that was harrowed is thin, and the wireworms are fast finishing what was not
hurt by the harrow teeth. Loosening up the ground in the spring gives
the wireworms a much better chance of moving from plant to plant in
drill rows and keeps them also nearer the surface longer. Some seed injury from the use of formald4riyde for smut was also noted, and this
in the past has been blamed wrongly in many cases to wireworms.

FALSE WIRF70MS (Eleodes spp.)

Nebraska M. H. Swenk (April 15 May 15): During the period covered by this
report the Great Plains false wireworm continued to be the most seriously
injurious enemy of field crops actively present in the State. The
Cheyenne Co inty infestation referred to in my last report continued to
be the cause of complaints up to the latter part of April. This infestation extended from around Sidney north to around Curley in that










County. Early in April reports were received of injury in Hitchcock County, near Stratton, and such reports continued until the end of the
first week in May. These reports indicated about as serious injury
in Hitchcock County as in Cheyenne County. During the latter part
of April similar reports were received from southern Deuel County,
and adjacent parts of Sedgwick County, Colorado. On one farm near
Julesourg it was reported that 100 asres of heat had been destroyed.
It would seem that in several western Nebraska counties this pest was
an important minor factor in the heavy abandonment of winter wheat
fields that has occurred this spring.

Kansas J. W. McColloch (Hay 2): A map taken from the Kansas City vreekly
Star on this date is of interest because the area of wheat failure and abandonment corresponds with the area w-here the false wireworm was so destructive last fall and this spring. Most reports credit this failure entirely to drought, but the fact that no germination
occurred following rains indicates that the seed was injured.

Washington Y. C. Lane (May 1): There are five species of Eleodes that are found
in and around the wheat fields of the Big Bend Region in both larval
and adult stages. These are vandvkei Blaisd.; nunenmacheri, var.
vercula Blaisd.; hispilabris, var. imitabilis Blaisd.; nierira. var.
diffoimis Blaisd.; and humeralis Lec., named in the order of abundance
of larvae found in wheat fields. There probably is no appreciable damage except from the first-nmed varndvkei, and the damage is hard
to estimate. The. damage is to the seed when first planted, and the larvae are very active in the dust during fall seeding and also in the
spring, a great many being killed by harrowing. There is no damage
to sprouted wheat as far as can be observed. Adults are more numerous
than normal this spring, being busy now in laying their eggs. The
new brood of adults will not appear till the first of July.

TIPULID LARVA

Lichigan R. H. Pettit (May 22): '.Tipulid larvae were reported as almost
covering new-plowed land at Elwell on the 18th, and were accompanied
by larvae of Bibio (probably albinennis).

CORN

CORN EARWOM, (Beliothis obsoleta Fab.)

Ohio H. A. Gossard (May 11): Observations taken at Chillicothe do not
indicate that moths of the corn earworm have yet emerged or become
active.

Louisiana T. E. Holloway and W. E. Haley (May 17): In Orleans Parish large
larvae of the corn earworm are in young corn along the lake shore of
Little Woods.











EUROPF2AN CORN BORER (.Lyraueta r
1'_assachusetts A. P- Bourne 'May 22): A report frrz]~wh~tr in T'iddlesex
Ccuznty, r2teto the Europ--an corn borY--7 state3 4:~ 4- 1, 3 eenfound in no greater numbers this sprinC t'han -,;s the case c~t ar.

Ohio 11A. A. Gossard (Mvay 11): A s a matter of cou-,se we expect surc itncrease in the density of infestation of the European corn be,)rer this
season and slow spread of the species.

SYAiR'VEED BORER. (Pyrausta ainsli-ei 1ieinr.)

Iowa C. J. Drake (Mlay 10): This spring I have received several caterpillars of the smartweed borer that were fo-ind in uth cc:'n stallS.
Th--e farmers, Df course, were very much interos 111d arxd 7 rd ht
thais was thie European corn~ borer.

F LL IFIMY'IOPM (Larhyrma f rutirerda S. Q .

Louisiana T. E. Hollowav and W. E. haley (IMay 3): Half-grown :arvao found in
young corn plants.

SUGAR1-CXIPNE BORER (Di..atraea sacchar-alis Fab.)

Louisiana T. E. H-ollow ay and 77. E. Haley (M',ay 17 ): TIn Orleans Parish le rvae
of all sizes are attacking young corn along the lake shore west of
L it tl11e "'T ,c 2 -- Much damage is done in places.

Texas T. C. Barber (M ay 19): Cornfields, generally, are beccT,--,, inf ested,
and adult erz2rgence holes indicate that adults of' the 0-C;7_1.f L)r)C:eJ
havoc emr;.:oc-. Damage is very slight, as ye3_,'-;, ran Y,_ly _Jncro xsng.
Inf'estation can also be found in brooem-corn Cields ithsut r--u,7 h
difficulty,, aijd threatens to cause serious d_ ;?7 C- later in the season,
although the first crop will not be much inju-ewQ.

GRASS-ST.EY 7FEVIL (S-ohenophorus sp.

Oklahoma E. E. Scho*ll (71ay 21): An examination of corn- fielhs in the northern
Dart of Lincoln and the southern part of Payne l~utnear Cccdnight,
Okla., showed entire fields of young corn killed by- a grazs-stem
weevil.

TTELVM SPOTTED CUCU76BFR BETLE (Diabrotica 32-rnurcteta Oliv.)

North Philip Luginbill (May 17): Y'r. Kewley has rc-L-urred f rom Willard,
Carolina N.C., where he has made an inspection of our p].<~.ws and renorte
the damage by the roctworm. to be about the sarme as i-n previous year-y.
Strange to say, at Columbia it is decidedly less. The plantir n mate
in April, which is usually bacaly infested wi-th rootwomr,-s 31 is yen-, little injured this year. It .rould seem that this year rootw:-orm
injury is "spotted" so to speak; probably heavier alorg the coast, 3 weather extremes are not so marked. I have had consi'7korablo d-ifi:'-culty in rearing larvae this season, owing to low temneratures and
damp weather. I think, thrfoe that young larvae may have f airc-d similarly in the field, and that is why we do not, find so much damage
to young corn this year, that is, in inland regions.










Louisiana T. L. Hollo-ray (M7ay 3): One or two adults :ere noticed on voung corn
plants at New Orleans. Damage is slight.

T. H. Jones (May 15): At Paton Rouge plantings of corn rade in the
same field on Harch 10, March 17, AJril 7, April 21, and April 28 were examined on different dates, W:en corn of different plantinc
was of about the same size, to determine the relative amount of derage to corn planted on different dates. All except the planting of f ril 28 showed some damage by the larvae, especially the plantings of March
10 and April 7.

THITE GRUBS (Phvllonhaea sp.)

Texas F.C. Bishopp (April 24): At Dallas adults of this species have been
coming to the lights during the past week in moderate numbers. This
is the first activity of adult Lachnosterna observed this spring.

7IRITORPY S(Elateridae)

Missouri L. Haseman (Way 1 to 8): The abundance of :ireworns orn corn is a
little greater than in an average year. Infcstations are generally
distributed over the State. The weather has been cool, rather rainy,
with warm spells.

Iowa C. N. Ainslie (Hay 26): I heard this morning that wirew:;orms are
taking the corn hear Hawarden, north of Sioux City.

ROUG-HE;DED CORN ST~ILK-BEFTLE (Li yrus gibbceus DeG.)

Mississippi R. U. Earned (7ay 18): The rough-headed corn stalk-beetle is attracting considerable attention in Mississippi at the present time. Alrcst
every day complaints are received at this office regarding damage o
cuAn by these beetles.

SOUTHRFT CORN LE T-BEFTLE (7vochrous denticollis Say)

Kansas J. V 1Colloch (May 14): At Hartford the southern corn leaf-beetles
are reported seriously injuring the early planting of corn.

SED-CORN WGOT (Hye-mvia cilicrura Rend.)

Iowa C. J. Drake (::ay 25): The seed-corn ramact is doing a considerable
arourt of damage to a field of corn near vadrid, Boone County. we
visited this field last Tuesday and found the maggot s present in many
hills. This field was planted on May 7, and the cold moist weather
has been favorable for the ma~gots, but unfavorable for the corn.
Some of the kernels contain from five to eight maggots each.

ILF!LFA AN'D CLOVTFR

PEA APHID (Illinoia visi Kalt.)

Missouri L. Hasenan (May 4 and 8): Wle have just begun to get complaints of
this pest, but it looks serious, especially as a cold wave on May 8 has sept over us. Some fields in Jackson and Er:oward Counties are








-63

almost completely destroyedi. Abundance is much 1;,orse, ccrnrarc-d with
an aviraae year. Natural en~emies obs ervcedl arc l-aqcct'a syr-lhii
flies and Eymcnopteroucs parasites. One san'le yn'wd~~,+rb
parasites very abundant.

Kansas J. 7%. McColloch (Anril 26): The infestation is general in t'n-e Kn
River Valley of Shawnee and 7Wyandotte Counlties. Six huridrcd acres
are rep_-orted infested. i1any aphids are winged and are s-creaciiwz to
garden peas.

California C. 1'. Packard (April 30): In Owens Valley there are several thous-ard
acres of alfalfa. An unusually w-,arm ,;vrnt-r fol'dby a cool sfrtirg
is probaobly responsible for the outbreak. Cocci.'-lli02s and syrnhids
are now very abundant and 1,-ll probably Fcon reduce th e irfest~itiol to comparatively u.nimoertant, normal. numbers. One-half of t.ne first1 crop
is da (M~ay 26): A letter from the CouLnty hort-icultural
Commizs,-ioner sa th-at the aphids 'Lave almost disaroared in Inyo Count:Cl
and Owvens River Valley. There w,.as a decided reduction of their numbcers seen after 1May 1, and wreirrig.ation has been a-plied the alf alf
is advancing in fine shape.

CLOVLP-LEAF 1 ,TBFITIL ( yne ra -ounc tat a Fab.)

Delaware C. 0. hough .i~ton (April): Injury by this species appears to bc. about
the same as usual at Newrark.

Illinois 'J% F. Flint (An ril 20): LarvaeF of .1r r u-nctata are still very cTr-al>

M1issouri A. F. Satterthwait (Mray 15): Found larvae of all sizes, ocorons, nup,
and new adults on April 25 at Creve Ceeur, the larvae cutting foliage
badly. On I-lay 9 eggs, larvae (only a chance one diseased), -%n adults
were c-ollected at Valley Park.

Kans as Roger C Smith (May .3) : The clover-leaf weevil was very -,lentiful in
a field north of Kansas City. I found larvae of all sizcs ard sorfcocoons I found 8 larvae and 1 cocoon around one clurp, but observe.1
very little injury from their feeding. Elsewhere in t'evle h
weevil, hile present in srall numbers, does not appear to be of any
great importance' .

Ohio h. A. Gossard (1May 11): The clover-leaf weevil has been, noticed quite
bundantly at CLillicctUle, 'out they are already 6ying from fungous
attack .

LESSER CLOVER1-LB F 17-E11IL (Ph-vtoncomus ri~riro st ris Fab.)

Illinois I7. 1-P. F-lint (Anril 20): Srll numbers of the clover bud veevt'il have
Mi77rated to the clever fiecids, but nct all of these insects have left
hibernating quarters.







-64



GR,'SSKHOFPPRS (1Ac ridiidae)

Teox as, 1%. C. Tanquary (1May 14): correspondence indicates th.e cossiLllty
of a heavy outbreak of grasshoppers in Coleman Ccounty this srrir 7.

0 n t~r qSa.towart Lock.-wood (1M.ay 21): The County Pcnt cf Cascade Ccu-ty reports a heavy outbreak. Probably 1'elarxorlus atlanis and bivittat,,,s.

110-STRTPFT G7,ASEHT-OrTTP7 (7Mlanorlus biFittUc "ay-)

ont ana Stewart Lockw ood (May 1i) iuerous young 7rasshop-pers are now-. hatching in sod land and alf af a f ields, ::i. nany more to cc re. In so-r
places 4-0 pods of eggs to the square foot are found.

.7HiIT GR71U BS (Phvl*onha,7a ST.

Iowa C N. Ainslie (May 17) Halfi-grow n larvae ofj Lac-,nostrn are very
plentiful in top soil at Sioux City. I'dults o" Lachncst.er-na
anlicita horn are taken in large numbers after t h P okI ':: :i i n
gardens at Sioux City. Lachnost(crna r'aoca Volah. is present but
not so numerous ac L. iicita.

New,, Yo rk Roy Latham (May 1): The f irst date of sw.'a=irng is May 1 atl Orient,
w ith the weather cool and dry. Abundiarce is normal as ccerart~d it
arda average year,

L. J. Jones (M,-'ay 1): 1Adults are not yet numerous at ?ainbridge.
They are not as numerous as previously. The weath-er is cold and wet.

ILLBUCIS (Snhenonhorus spr.)

TM'issouri 1. F. Satterthw ait and assistants (M"ay 14): PBillbug egcgs, ofat
least tospecies, were found as follow's: T'ay It, Pacific, Frankiin
County; Fay 9, Valley Park, S't. Louis County; M'ay 14 17bst-or Uroves.
("!> ?y 15): Apiril 25 a heavy billbug infestation in an old tirothy
meadow.- at Creve Coeur showed 94 per cent Sphenc hcrus destructcr
Ch-itt.0 3 ner cent 'arvulus Gyll., Z 'per cent zeae Yralsh., aynd 1 7-or
cent venatus Say, all a~ullls, the total specirens taken being 107.





IPPTL

GRFEN APPLE PIHID ,~his nond DeC.)

,assachusetts A. I* Bourne (Way 22): Northeastern Essex County reports indicate
that the green anple aphid is not very abundant and is not causin,7
any serious alarm; in MJ"iddlesex County it is present in ncral abundance; Worcester County reports state that it is fairly abundant, and
slightly worse thanlast year. In the southern half off the county
very few aphids have been found, particularly in thE, well-cared -fcr








65

orchards. In Bristol County and the Cape region they have been reported as being present in about average numbers, no worse at any rate than in normal years. in northern Plymouth County a report from Brockton states that hardly any have been found in orchards.
In the counties in the Connecticut Valley they have been found
to be quite plentiful on the opening buds, but o Worse than last
year, and not abundant enough to cause any serious worry. Here at
the college, although examination of the trees in the dormant season
indicated a large number of eggs, the hatch was very small indeed, and the lice are present in unusually small numbers throughout all
the blocks of apples in the orchards. Not enough lice are present,
in fact, to warrant a call for Black-Leaf 40 in the early spring spray.

New York P. J. Parrott (April 23): The first nymphs of r-his roni were found
on this date at Geneva.

C. R. Crosoy and assistants: This aphid is found present but not
abundant in Monroe, Chautauqua, Onondaga, Genesee, Orleans, and Suffolk
Counties.

Georgia Oliver I. Snapp (May 1): The apple leaf-aphid is unusually abundant
on the apple in this locality this season.

APPLE GRAIN 1!1HID (Rhopalosinhum rrunifoliae Fitch)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: The grain aphids began hatching the
latter part of April; they are reported as very abundant throughout Ontario and Columbia Counties, also recorded from Onondag7a, Oswego,
Genesee, and estchester Counties.

Alabara Neale F. Howard (April ll): This aphid is very abundant on rye on
the Bureau's experimental plots here. Hipoodpfmia convergens Guer.
is very abundant and Me .illa maculata DeG. is quite numerous, eggs of the latter being quite common. This rye is being plowed under
for a cover crop and the infestation has not been present long enough
to have caused any injury. No loss has occurred on this field.

ROSY APPLE AFID (Anurathis roseus Baker)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: This species is only present in limited
numbers throughout the apple-growing sections of the State.

Indiana J. J. Davis (May 22): The rosy apple aphid is doing some damage in
sections of southern Indiana. They are doing dnage in several
orchards and one in particular at Clayton, Ind., which was examined M4ay 19. Several trees in this orchard were sprayed with 2 per cent
lubricating oil emulsion as the buds were opening up and after the
aphids had hatched. The owner advises that the young aphids were
killed but that many of the older individuals survived the treatment.
This same orchardist sprayed apple trees at different stages of
development from the time the buds were beginning to open up until
the leaves were the size of a squirrel's ear or larger. At no time
did he get injury from the properly prepared oil emulsion.









66

B. A. Porter (Lay 23): A rather severe infestation is developing in
the vicinity of Vincennes. A few winged igrncrts are aDrearin-.

Arkansas A. J. Ackerman (M'eay 14): This is the first season that this species
has been found in any number of orchards of northwestern Arkansas.
Little damage is expected, as an abundance of predaceous ladybird
larvae have been noted wherever infestatiors occur.

CODLING VOTH (Carrccarsa nomonelia L.)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: The codling moth began pupating early
in May. No unusual outbreaks have been reported so far from the
fruit-growing sections of New York.

Virginia L. A. Stearns and assistant: Pupation of overeintered larvae was
commencing in Leesburg, northern Piedmont, Acril 8, and in 1inclester,
northern Yalley, April 9.

Indiana H. F. Bietz (:ay 15): The first moths e-erged at Indianapolis on May
14. On this date all the bloom of varieties of arle like Yelloi;
Transparent and Wealthy was off and the calyx lobes were beginning to
close.

J. J. Davis (MIay 22): The codling moths, adults, have not yet issued
at La Fayette according to our observations.

Missouri Leonard Hasem.an (Fay 22): Adults from the overwintering worrs began
emerging a little late, though they have been out now for about 10 days.
The late spring also held back the fruit bloom. No eggs or worms hav
been taken in central T issouri at this date.
1rkansas and A. J. cke:an (1lay 14): The first moths emerged in jars at the
Kansas Bentonville, Ark., Laboratory, on May 1. At 7Yichita, Kans., the
first moths were taken from jars on Nay 7.

R!SCAL LEAF-CRU PLEFR (Mineola indiginella Zell.)

Neoraska M. H. Swenh (M.ay 15): Late in April a small apple orchard in Dundy
County was reported heavily infested with the cases of the leafcrumpler, Mineola indiginella. The partly grown caterpillars were
already active by hay 1.

RIBBED COCOON M KER (Bucculatrix romifoliella Clem.)
New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: This species is quite general over the
fruit-growing sections of the Stateqspecially in poorly cared for orchards. it is very heavily parasitized; in one case nine-tenths
of the cocoons had exit holes of parasits.

FRUIT-TREE LFIF-ROLLER (Caccecia ar vrosi la 17alk.)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: This insect is found moderately abundant
throughout Dutchess, Genesee, Ontario, Orleans and Ulster Counties.
Eggs began hatching about the middle of the month.







67

UtAh Ira H.. H aley ("ay 14): This insect is spreading in counties "'where
it has been introduced, and egg masses are much more abundant than in
former years.

H. J. Pack (uay 18): An unusual infestation appears likely in Cache
County this year. Egg masses are very numerous, and hatching has been
going on for the past few days.

APPLE AND THORN SKFLETONIZER (HEmerohila -nariana CMerck)

Connecticut P. Garman (April 26): Numbers of adults -.ere observed about apple
trees in New Haven and north Branford on the 20th and 26th.

New York P. D. Rupert (Pay 26): Young larvae are starting to skeletonize at
Upper Red Hook.

Henry Bird (lay 17): This insect has not been observed as yet at Rye, and since the last fall brced of adults as very much smaller than was
the case in 1921, the chances are that there may not be much of an
outbreak during the coming season.

BUD mTH (Tmetocera ocellana D. & S.)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (Hay 22): The bud moth seems to be occurring more or
less abundantly in some sections of the State. P report has been
received from the County Agent of Bristol County, stating that they
are finding them in some abundance. Here at ;mherst they also appear to oe more abundant than last year, though not in numbers
enough to cause serious damage.

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: This insect is reported as moderately
abundant throughout the western oart of the State. A single case
of serious infestation has been reported from rayne County, where
from 5 to 25 per cent of the buds were destroyed where the delayeddormant spray was not applied or vas aoplied too late.

APPLE TENT CATERPILLAR (Valacosoma americana Fab.)

New Hampshire P. R. Lowry (May 18): This insect is much more numerous than last
year in several places, and I have noticed rather severe defoliation
to apple.

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (Hay 22): This insect began hatching in the region
about fmherst April 20, and was reported as hatching somewhat earlier
in the eastern part of the State. It is reported as being exceedingly prevalent this year, reports having been received from Essex, Middlesex, W7orcester, Bristol, and Plmouth Counties. One report from the town of Harford in Worcester County estimates an increase
over last year of from 50 to 60 per cent. This insect is decidedly
on the increase in all sections of the State and bears out predictions made from the abundance of egg masses early in the season. Delayeddormant spray seems to have controlled this pest.









Connecticut M.P. Zappe (ir.ay 12,: T!:-;, has bo'n noserved. as rnucY. rore
abundant than last year at -,,any ,,ac 1- tr 4 h ut tne '.tate(.

New York 1% D. Leonard (U'ay 12): T (,n tz of this insect are ccrnon on ~~
cherry trees in Albany Ccunr~y.

C. R. Crosby and assistants: '.his iLrsect is generally more abundant
than it was last year in the, Hudson TriJver Valley. It is reported
as at least half again as numerous in the ,,ctern rart of t1-e Stlate.
It has been controlled bv dc lxay-d6,hriant sarmry.

New Jersey H. B. Yfeizs (N~ay 5): T1-e arple tent, catcrpoillar is u-ore abundant
than usual over the notenthird of tlhe7 State.

M. D. Leonard (!!ay; 22): This insect har been observed as very coirnmon
at Glenrock and Riage,7:ood.

Pennsylvania T. L. Guyton ?)ay0 Th ? spccis is repcrt-d as very Co-rron -all the
way f rom h'arrisburg tc PhiI~icla 'La.

Delaware C. 0. hioughton (Arni" 25): Nests are norvery :eumerois, nore s0
than at any ti.me, durinc- recent yer. Tes !rehatchlng >'ril 5,
just about a ,,,eek late-r tnran last+ yeas.

3Maryland E. N. Cory (ray 8): The aopka tree tent cate rpil!lars have defcliated
most of the roadside cl-rerrv trens. np ic r'ij'h ,)re aburndant thn heretofLore in Prince Ge c, tivoo Aen srn~l ini and
raont gozery Counties.

Virginia L. A. Stearns (Tray 9): Fests of this sect are conspicuously abundant on wild che-.rries and on apples in Fairfax County.

FILL PB1FR17OPT (Eivrhantria cunea Drury)

Georgia 0. I. Snapp (Way 6) : The f -rst-10:-ood moths are no'..' erergirng in the
insectary. The larvae of thesc- u-ot!hs were taken from a nest on a peach tree last fall. Usually the attac-k on peach foliage is rrade
by the fall brood of larvae, after -the fruit has been harvested. The
larvae captured last fall .,ore hcte avllv parasitized by a cliptrrous
parasite.

SPRING CjfKW~Pr~Pa~ea rita vpr;2at Peck)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants:. This insect is reported as mrore or
less serious in Dutchcss and Genesee Counties.
Illiois P. lint(Aprl 20: Aults of -the spring cankeryorms have been
observed on the wing during the month.

Iowa C. N. Ainslie (M ay 22): Adults are numerous about the light, the
flight being later than usual.

Ohio Hi. A. Gossard (M'ay 11): On M'arch 2^6 vie received a s-rnai cankervorm
moth from Raven&.








69

FPLL C!1C, T'R 0:?J' (AIlso-, 'i4ia to'- 7ta-ia Harr.)

Connecticut 14T. P. Zappe Wray 8): Larvae have >ust hatched atv TNevz7, H~aven arnd ilford.

Newv York G E Sr ith (Ap-ril 26): A few e,7,v, rass es of this insect soefound
south cf -"edina and south of Orlean~s 'County.

Ohio H. A. Gossard (Tiay l]1): Eggs of this insect were received frorn H-inkley.

FIJSE -APPLE PmE-BUG (Lyv7-idea rc- nd~ix Reut.)

11assachusetts A. I. Bour-ne (i'aiy 22): Theose ins~ects -t~n their characteristic
scarring about the 7-th of T'ay A mhoroz. This insect is eviclerntly
sornewht less abund -nt than last. year, very few being reported frcr.
other sc,cticns of the Stato. :, t 1Am1herst thel-re seems to be a considerab"le increase over last year.

Ne-w-, Yo rk C. R. Crosby arid assista--,nts: 'This insect i:r re-ported as bci-r7 Cu te
general th--roughout Dutcffi:ss Counity, -w,.h re t creare, rany inw.ta
tions. it, is also rcopc& rt'A t'-.ou-h in smaller nr~ubers f rot'orba
Rocklarnd, and Ulster Counties.

Tiaryland E XN. C ory k("'ay 11): Slight daT-'ag< to tender tin-s on check trees in
experirreit plats has bee-n noted at 7!hitefrd Va.

Virginia 7.TX Schoeno (Way 23): There JIs r-ore re-7-bu- injury in th-e 7inchester region thiar has ocen nct, d in rrovio-os -ear.S. The insect' has not
yet becocre a major pest ir. this secin 1-37 er

APPPLE LP:oPJs(S everal ree)

YIassachusetts A.. I. Bourne (14'ay 2j2): The apple leafl-orners suezan to appear in the
colegeorchard at !Amh-,erst about th e hof' -'av. ?rEsr'27i ,at.t
are that this -post will appear in rgreatcr numbers t-h"n for several
years past.

Connecticut N.P. Zap7,e (!.,ay 8): Young -n:,mhs are lust hatching7 at 1'ilford.

New Yo rk C. R. Crosbry and assistants: These imsects are reported as being
very abundant throughout Orloars Cointy. The y are also reported,
though not a serious n-sct, ~nlc~iPth~,and Ulst, r Mounties.

Virginia L. A. -tearns (1pril 2 2) The nu-',bers of this insect have loeen
rapidly on the increase during t~h Ipast fe-w years in Fairfax anid
Loudoun Counties, northern PLiednont. This species (rrthroneura
hartii Gll1.) is t;"he 17est imo1r01taet -*Leaf horr o4 arrle in ti
section ai-d probably thre r-est s-'ricus of t orinor ao-le pests.

SAN! JOSE SCIpLB (fisridiotus pernicicsus Corset.)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: This insect has been reported as quite
generally abundarit throughout the apple-growing sections of New.1 Yo rk
State. The pest is becoming n'ore abundant and serious in Orleans
County, and in places in Osw~ego, 77ayne, and 7yoning Counties.






7C
Ohio H. A. Gossard (Way 1i): This pest is being reported from several
parts of the State.

Illinois W. P. Flint (May 18): An unusually high percentage of scale have
survived the winter in southern Illinois. Exzminations of unsprayed
apple and peach trees made from 'ay I to the 5th, shows from 70 to
76 per cent of the scale alive. Results of spraying with the lubricating oil emulsion have been excell nt. Thi aterial has been generally
used by orchardists in the southern and western fruit districts.

Missouri Leonard Haseman (IEay 22): Good results on control have been secured
with lubricating-oil emulsion. Experiments with different strengths
make:itf-eseem likely that this emulsion has a -reat future. Yale
scales in central "issouri began emerging bet"en lay 10 and "ay 15.

OYSTER-SEELL S!LE (Le;idosanhes ulmi L.)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: This insect has been reported as being
quite generally abundant over the fruit .. rowing sections of the State,
becoming very abundant in many apple orchards.

Indiana H. F. Dietz (Uay 19): Hatching of e s of the light-brown form of
this insect began on hay 18, which is 16 days later than last year.
This is a t o-brooded for-. No hatching of the gray-brown form,
which is single-brooded, .,as oeen observed about Indianapolis.

Nebraska 1. H. Swenk ('ay 15): Several reports of injury by the oyster-shell
scale have oeen received during the period covered by this report.

EUROPFIN RED SPIDER (Paratetranvckus nilosus C. & F.)

Nassachusetts A. I. Bourne (Way 22): European red mites were found about the first
week in hay at Smherst and are non quite rrevalcnt throughout all of
the blocks of apples, particularly on Baldwins, although they are not as abundant as has been the case during the last two or three seasons.
One report has been received from outside the Connecticut Valley.
This is from Harvard in f7orcester County, where they are reported as
quite numerous and quite generally spread throughout the orchard,
where they were found on tender opening leaves.

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: This insect has been reported as more
or less numerous in Rockland, Orange, Orleans, Ulster and Dutchess
Counties.

Ohio H. A. Gossard (May 11): Eggs of the European red spid r were received on hay iC from a suburb of Cleveland.

PEAR

PEAR PSYLLA (Psylla Pyricola Foerst.)

Nassachusetts A. I. Bourne ("ay 22): During the first week in May pears at Amherst
were found to be infested and egg laying was under way. Eggs were so numerous that in many cases on a single fruit spur 50 to 60 eggs
could be counted. This is the most serious infestation that we have
had for several years. Very few inquiries have been received from
other parts of the State, so the outbreak is probably local.








71

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: Pear psylla eggs were hatching throughout the western part of the State from tL iddle to the latter oart
of May. The pest is generally abundcant trlroughout the fruit section, aoout 50 per cent of the orchards being seriously infested in Genesee
County. In the southern part of the State it is quite general, but
not serious.

PE1R-LEAF BLISTFR-UITE (Eriorthves -ri Pgst.)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (iay 22): V'ork of the blister-mite is just beginning
to show up at Imherst, especially on trees which did not receive the
application of lime-suiphur.

Connecticut W. F. Britton (M'ay 14): Galls are beginning to show up on unfolding
leaves at Hampden.

New York C. C. Wagoner (May 18): This insect has been observed in several
cases in Ulster County, b'out is not serious.

P. D. Rupert (May 18): This insect is very eearo-in Dutchess County.

PEIR VIDGE (Contarinia ovrivora Riley)

New York C. C. Wagoner (May 18): Two orchards in Ulster County have been
found to have 30 per cent infestation.

PEA CH

PEACH BORER (Ageria exitiosa Say)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: This pest is recorded as quite severe
over most of the State, particularly in pborly cared-for orchards.

Georgia Oliver I. Snapp (M'ay 15): No injury to either the cabium or the
bark layer of three, four, or five year old peach trees has shown
up to date from the use of the three-fourths ounce dose exposed for
a period of 28 days. The peach borer is about as prevalent as
normally in Central Georgia. Excellent results are reported from
the use of paradichlorobenzene in commercial peach orchards last fall.

PEACH T7IG-BORFR (Anarsia lineatella Zell.)

Indiana J. J. Davis (iMay 22): Peach twigs showing typical injury by the
tig-borer "were received from Se3ymour, Ind., on May 5. The orchardist reports considerable damage on some trees and that it is a repetition of the injury which occurred a year ago.

Utah Ira Hawley (May 14): This pest is just showing up in the orchards.
Infested twigs are numerous in unsprayed orchards.








72

A 7TFVIL (Conotrachelus analnvot-icus Say)

Georgia Oliver I. Snapp (May 14): Three adults were captured from frames
while jarring for C. nenurhar Herbst. on the morning of Tray 7 and one on May 14. The peach is the host for C. anaelvOticus in this
latitude, and this species is responsible for a small percentage of
the wormy peaches in Georgia.

FLOT7ER THRIPS (Euthrirs tritici Fitch)

Indiana B. A. Porter (May 24): Nearly 10 per cent of the small peaches in
the vicinity of Vincennes have been already injured by the peach thrirs.
(May 25): The thrips appeared early in Y'ay as the petals were falling,
and within a few days had caused serious injury to the newly set fruit.

C. E. Barker (K:ay 24): Injury to young peaches, identical with the
injury by thrips in other localities, has been found at TMitchell, Ind.
Estimate:. 3 to 5 per cent of fruit in 30-acre peach orchard as damaged
in this way,

GREEN PEACH AFHID (Hyzus Lersicae Sulz.)

New Mexico W. E. Emery (May 7): This aphid has done considerable damage to
foliage but is being sprayed for and put under control in Dona AnL.
County.

LESSER PFACR-TREE BORER (Aegeria rictives G. : P.)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: This borer has been observed on sweet
cherry in small numbers in Wayne County; is common and severe in some orchards in Monroe County, and rather abundant where brown rot cankers
are bad in Orleans County, Lake section.

SHOT-HOLE BOIFR (Scolytus rupulosus Ratz.)

New York C. R. Crosoy and assistants: Iany weakened trees are infested at
Sodus, Wayne County. The shot-hole borer is plentiful in old peachwood piles and also in peach orchards around Holley, Orleans County;
present in TEonroe County; abundant in orchards where peach borers are
bad and in stone fruits near brush and wood piles in Orleans County; found locally on peach in Wayne County, where it has killed several
black cherry trees.

Georgia Oliver I. Snapp (May 1): Trees are badly infested in several old
neglected peach orchards. Twigs of healthy peach trees are sometimes
attacked by adults later in the season, as reported in the Insect Pest
Survey Bulletin of November, 1922.









73

PLUM CURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenunhar Hbst.)

Georgia 0. I. Snapp (April 30): The first curculio larvae of the 1923 season
reached maturity, left the peach, and entered the soil on this date.
On April 18, the first curculio eggs hatched in the insectary. On
April 18, a number of larvae varying in age frcm 3 to 5 days were found
in peaches on trees in commercial orchards near Fort Valley.
(May 15): The largest number of eggs deposited to Mlay 13 by any
female is 147. The largest nur-ber deposited in a single day to date
by one female is 14. The average number of eggs deposited during the
season to date by females of the first 1922 generation is 61.2 .per crnt.
The average number deposited by second-generation females is 614, p,r
cext. The incubation period for C. nenuphar eggs during the past
month has varied from 4 to 11 days on account of variable temperatures.
An increased infestation in peach "drops" is noted in orchards ,-;here
the first curculio spray was omitted. Two and one-half bushels of tidrops" from one of these orchards have given to date 8,223 matured
larvae. Two and one-half bushels of "drops" from an experimental
orchard have given to date 4,438 matured larvae as compared with 2,752
from the same amount of "drops" from this orchard a year ago. The general curculio infestation in central Georgia at the present time
appears to be heavier than in 1922, but lighter than in 1921.

CHERRY

CHERRY APHID (Myzus cerasi Fab.)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: Found abundantly in inside of Rosette
trees, in Ulster County; found in a few orchards around Geneva, in
Ontario County,

Maryland J. A. Hyslop (M.ay 20): tll terminal leaves curled, twigs and leaves
black with aphids at Avanel. Much more abundant compared with last
month and average year.



PL0D1 CURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenuphar Hbst.) 71est
Virginia Fred E. Brooks, Monthly News Letter Bureau of Entomology,No. 108,
(April, 1923): Failure to collect plum curculios in jarring plum
trees on April 14 indicates that these species have not yet emerged
from hibernation.

Ohio H. A. Gossard (May 11): On March 30 the plum curculio beetle was
received from Bowling Green taken from plum.

PLUM GOUGER (Anthonomus scutellaris Lec.)
. est
Virginia Fred E. Brooks, Monthly News Letter, Bureau of Entomology, No. 108
(April, 1923): Failure to collect plum gougers, Anthonomus scutellaris,
in jarring plum trees on April 14 indicates that thesl. species hao
not yet emerged from hibernation.







-74

P. K!_TYTIPD (I\croc_ ntrum rhcr!'bifoli-La Sauss.) Ohio F. A. Gcscuird 1-1) i: On Farch 20 esof t'I-As 'ce fruir
GreenvijIe .':,ere received on plum cuttings.

BURO71pIT rP-UIP LFCPNTIU1' (Lece-niuir corrn Pouchc{ New York C. R. Crosby ai'J. assistants: This insect is -plentiful in a fe;. orchards
hear Iledina and Knowleville, and generally scattered in Orleans County,
but not. serious in Ontario County.

I FP SPTy

R!SP'.F1RY r' TF-BKRTR (fObe-ea bir-,acuiata Oliv.) New Yo rk C. TR. Crosby and assistants: Consic~crable d_)ra Te to raspberry has
been reported in Ulster County. In one rya+z-I 300 to 40 per cent %,:ere
reported daiaged.

POSF Sr.;LE (j ;ulacasnis rosae Bouch) I'ew York C. R. Crosby and assistants: One infestation in central northern
part of Dutchess County is reported.

RIASPBFP'RY FRUITT-O.RT (21L=.u uniccior Say) 1ew; Yio rk C. R. Crosby and assistants: 1bundazit cnly in one location, fe;but
general in Ulster County.

RI~PY S~tFLY ("o ohadnoides rubi H-arr.) Neaz YoDrk C. R. Crosby and assist ants: The first larvae %,;;,re om erv'ld on -,ay 11
in Chautauqua County.

FL ACKPFRRY

A KATYDID (Microcentrur rhomibifolium Sauss.) Ohio H. A. Gossdrd (:ray 11): On January 029 we received eggsr,- of the angularv.-inged katydid froi Springfield on blackuerry canes.

BLOSS0T7 MTFAL..' (.Lcrc.a undulata :elsh.)


['i chig an R. h. Pettit (1:1ay 23): 17e reccived today crecirrerns of Ancola
unciulata f ron Coldw'ater, 1 ich., frcm a f arr-er -.-,ho reTorts that a s"warn ccane o- and clustered in large bunchi-es, just like bees. He s ays the
,ir -zaz filled -w-,ith tlhem, covering an area of five or six acres, and that they fed voraciously on th.-e f~oliage of elm, 'and also on several blackberry bushes. Hie rcports tliat aftc-r thick s,'ddcn uprising they
failed to appear next day and tfat nothing rnoro has been seen of them.









-75






New York C RF. Cr-Io s v 9.id a -J.t a r -1s i> ri co rt inue ru ch L elc,,,i the
condt-ions (-, -last yea-r at Frfedoni 4 i aa~l @~y~' this
;o-t 'ias nd f e ed n7 o n t he ab c v r L _L S f Pr na ot ::ee k
Appa'-rently J.'C i-s f ar less abundant' than last r7 t-hou-7 very
aou..nd-:-t Jin sor-e vineyards Thc aro no yet r ~~and tibe ,'ay
',";ce WE~.~as L'y Afo -Ilcunr 7a1 a ST U c1 ~i n b rus h
ouc, of the vineyard, when t-hey LLrc-Jf :1-i s r' .he is rather
a,'undant in Ulstcr Countv. -~~~a'!- fc~c: on raspberry f oli ge
bot are no: manerus in ht~L r. Yc insects appeared in
go,., numbers~ ar r :-e rno-ica-a. thoucl< orange color to
yellow, in Chautai qula County.

New Eexic o 71 1L ~r y (ayv 7) 7 is inse -t is aore nure ro us than last year ,
but no c-r a ge has teen acne so f ar; f oliage is not very f ar aidvanced.

GRAPE~T 'YLP (TPsria funeralJis Huebri.)

Ohio R. S. 1c y ay 10): T4"ork of larvae was first noticeable about
Lay 10. 1 siz 10 to 25 per -,,nt infestation.

P, "'T VI L cR es~ cf a c Le c.

California 7'. D. Pierce (!ray 31): 5 nciot-n s were sc-ft in by L-arry Smith w 'ith
the report that they .-erelc a> t', enrder prro*w ti of c-rapo vaLnest
So far, as --*know, thIis is t of rs n-~ ag7airsT, this srecies,whc has fcxrmn rly beer. re, orted xo c~~ -cca. The syciprers are from
S-an Bernardino County. Ti-eY arc nrtaly root w.eeVilJS.

GR~APE FLFA- FFTLET, (Kaltica chal-la III.)

New Yo rk C. R. Crosby a-nd assi-stant: No infestation of this insect has been
observed or reported. The budls are now,, svwolle.n to such an extent
as to oe practically -;ast dcrigeT(.-r of destruction by this pest at
Fredbnia in Chauta;,qia. Cou-nty.

ISTRIPED TREE, CRICK7T7 (O'ezexthus L4icernis ralk.)'

,Ohio 11, A. Gosoard (Yay 11): On archrh 5 we received from Geneva, Ohio,
eggs of the tree cricket on grape tips.



CUPR7ANT A-PHID (:1yzus ribis L.)

Newx York U. R7. Crosby and assistants: Currant aphids are very >7ana ocal
as *yet iAn Uister County, but found generally on openi-r Ieavas in
Genesee County..

P. J. ParroAt (1May 5): Found beginning to curl currant foliage at
Geneva. (April 19): First newl,7y hatched nymphs observed.







71

DblIare C. 0. Houghton (April): This aphid is rcportecd attacking currant
at Newark, about the same as in an average year.

Iowa Fred D. Butcher (Kay 15): Old adults are just giving birth to young.
They average 8 to 15 young on each loaf attacked, and about one-fourth
of the leaves on each plant have lice present.

IMPORTED CURRAN'fO P..rovida _aribesi Scop.)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants- Larvae first appeared in Nassau County.
Infestation is general, but egg- are numerous only in local spots.
Worms are hatching. 1o serious injury is expected in sypirayed
plantings. Considerable damage is being done to currant bushes by
the imported currantworm.

Delaware C. 0. Houghton (April 23): This species is appearing in smaller
numbers here this spring.

Kansas G. A. Dean (May 22): Within the last two or three days several reports have reached me of the currantworm doing considerable damage to
currants in Riley County.

Nebraska 1. H. Swenk (May 15): The imported currantwerm was first observed
doing damage to gooseberry bushes this spring on Hay 15.

PFCAN

PMBROSIA BEETLES

Mississippi R. W. Harned (Mbay 18): During the last few weeks we have received
at this office quite a number of complaints in regard to ambrosia
beetles on pecan trees. This is the first time since 1917 that we
have received many complaints in regard to these insects.

PECAN-NUT CASE-BEARER (Acrobasic heba-scella Hulst.) Georgia and
Florida J. B. Gill (May 28): Injury to pecan nuts by first-brood larvae of
this insect is reported from De :itt, CGa., ,zonton, Ga., and Themasville, Ga., but so far the extent of damage is licht. Present
indications point to a very mild infestation of this insect during
this season, while many orchards throughout South Georgia and North Florida have set large crops. No darage has yet been reported by growers from onticello, Fla., in which section the pecan-nut casebearer has been more or less destructive to nut crops during the past ten years. Two effective parasites, namely Fxorista yste Walk. and
Habrobracon variabilis Cush., have been reared in numbers from the
overwintered larvae which attack the tender shoots of pecan early in
spring before the nuts have set. It is generally believed that
these two parasites are important factors in the natural control of
this pest.









77

PECAN CASE-BEARER (Acrobasis neoulella Riley) Georgia and J.
Florida J. B. Gill (Hay 28): During the early spring score unsprayed pocni
orchards in North Florida and South Georgia were rather severely
damaged by the ravages of the larvae of the pecan leaf case-bearer.
It should be stated, however, that the damage is not so serious and
extensive this year as it has been in some previous seasons. In orchards sprayed last August and the early part of September there is no appreciable injury to the buds and foliage, and according to
our observations and the reports from practical pecan growers this
insect has been controlled very satisfactorily. WTe have perfected
quite an effective control on this first-class pest and it is gatifying to note that growers generally are v'ell pleased with results
obtained in carrying out our spraying recommendations.

PECAN BUD-NOTH (Proteonteryx bolliana Sling.)

Florida J, B. Gill (Vlay 26): The larvae of the pecan bud-moth have been
reported by nurserymen from Nonticello, Flq., as doing serious damage to pacan nursery stock during the present season. This species also infects bearing pecan trees but the injury caused is net of a serious
nature. It is quite a serious pest on young orchard pecan trees
and pecan nursery stock, however, because the larvae largely confine their attacks to the terminal buds and prevent the trees from making
a satisfactory growth. According to some pecan nurserymen, the
injury is much worse during a wet spring.

FALL EB1OR (Hyhantria cunea Drury) Georgia J B. C-ill (ay 8): At this time the fall webworm is occurring in
injurious numbers on pecan trees in this section, and no doubt the
second brood wi 1 be quite large, causing very serious damage during
the surer mont.)s. The webs are also seen abundantly on treed other
than the pecan, especially wild persimmon and black walnut.

PECAN CIGAR CASE-BEARER (Coleochora carvaefoliella Clem.) 5eorgia and J. B. Gill (Vay 28): The pecan cigar case-bearer has occurred in Florida somewhat injurious numbers in pecan orchards around Baldwin, Fla.
A light infestation of this insect is also reported from pecan
orchards in the Albany, Ga., section.

FIG

THREE-LI:ND FIG BOPER (Ptvchrdrs vittata Fab.)

Louisiana T. H. Jones (May 15): 1r. Felix Bachemin, Jr., gricultural Agent
for the New Orleans Great Northern Raiload Company, wrote concerning
a heavy infestation of borers doing considerable damage to fig trees
at several points along the line. Injury is probably due to this
species.









72

OP, 1! I C, 3 F

P UR P L F S C P L E ( L e r i d 0 S a r 1 e b e i i '- e 71 rr

Louis iana T. H. Jones -ay 1- ): 1 n if e s t ed material -Iras received f rcm Inite
on April 10 ad from La e Cllarles on Ar.ril 20.

4.
erodes c-I-tri
CITRUS I-FITL-FLY. (Liai- -,

Louis iana T. h. Jones (Vay 15): infested cral,'rre leaves -re recei-Tzed frcr
Lake Charles on A-,-,ril 20, and infested J-eaves of Cape Jac-ri-re fronrlexandria on April 6.

CITRUS Tl*RI'PS (Scirtothrirs C4-1--i '.roU'4-C r

Calif ornia 0 alif ornia. 7e ekly L, t +' e r Vo 1 5 -; 11 av a b I s s p. raying equipme;-,t is no*.,,, in onerati,- n in t.'.-e citr-uo -ax
v L I', -L
County for 'he control of ord c'Lt,ricola sca 7
latter are no,,,,,,, najGching in larc-e n,,Lzoers lane, a se(asor, of ; eneraliy
severe infestations is iraica+-d.

C-C'FFFF.

THE HORT'1Ir,UITj,!" (1 =e -u a o r- zr.

Porto Rico R. E. Danforth (jra,7 19): T h f7 rr i ,;i- u 1 S ta o 1 u a
r am u i o r ur. '.,'h considered the ',iorst ii-,s-,: t n f i n 'o rt 0
4ico, is very abundant in the coffee of -tl-,is re7ior.
It is a swall ant, abo .,t -;ith 'c;r&7n
thorax and le: 's, and shin- bia,-!,, hea-d a-o abdonen. T-1- rr )kes tunnels
both in coffee trees a- d coe ee sh.a6e-tr -ez, bping here -r, rticularl',
.ond, of the "guan. ,all, In7a laurina. 71thcul7h it a_' acks trees of
several distinclit farili#3s... It atte-,,7's a -i-nk buct, Cr-,7r,+os!.j-,-ra
inrzae Ferris. in its tunnels in -?e livin-- coffee till rig, s I n h
same warren t '-iar I have f ouni F-11 sta.c-71s Of tl-c ?,)eal-r bug Land larvae C-1
ana pupae of the in 1 if fernnt cl%-An, Oers not -far The
9r.Mcipal --harbc -.rs ure at wre 0 1 nto U s -V below thie s!ral,, st or
1ruit-bearing la-IL-lerals. They a1sr) in dead ,,rood, both hi -h
and low, in -.,ihich they also rear their y.,D-,,ng.

CU jr

G U 117 "', L r JT R 0 LL F I R t t ab u s; s & x,, -r a c u '1 -at, L, s h e v

Porto Rico R. E. Danforth (1'ay 19): The attelabid beet3-s, Attelabus
sexm-ac-u-latus Chev., or guava lleaf-roller, is not only abundant on
guava but is also corsnicuously mutila-'CAna the leaves of one of the
co=-.onest roadside shade -trecs here, the ",.dmendro", Terminalia
catapp L.







T R U C K C, R 0 P 1 N S E C T 3

P0'P11V_'0 XIIJI' 70- UTr)

COLCRA: O FOT.A""O 3_77'7111 k iro ta rsa, i-_ ta Say

New York Roy Latham (May 5): A few potato beet"Les are-out at tha o r e :3 ? n t
time at Orient, Sul7folk Count-Y. E, ,r 7 -C)' -3 z J U
, L st appearing
throi gh t*,-_-_ ground- (-J__;7 1q)- pl:; v o- t he
y 0 _Jas a:bo
ground are ba--'Lly -_UC ==a t har.
in an aver-age year. The is zool nd dry. '-,Io
enemies have baen obz.Drv d*

Maryland J. A- Hyslop (May 14.): At Avan-31 potatoes are just ap-,re-.ring above
groi.Lnd. The first ad,,)at of the seaso-n was fc-L,,nd to_ ayMissoulii L- Hase=an (Ircaly 2."'): Thus far this 'Caatla has not s1ioma up in
central 7issouri- Sc. t t arar1 w Dre ob 7-rv ad
T but -_-.o co-1-plaints Y -,-, b-aer. -ade of
as ear-.y as 1 _Xj 1:731
beetles on not,,- ,oas.

Texas F- C- Bishopp (?!,:,-y 23)* At D-.11-is, CclcradJo potato betl s
have "been present in lastructiva numbers iin zaqy Potato pa ,C"-.,as
in this vi c i -Ii ty The 7zacond brood of;7' a iuits emer -ing
in numbers a nd L probably ',efol'a-e la;- a -ot-Aces if nct
poisoned. In some instances lat-3-s3t ton-ato, -,plants ,vare dastrcyad bv the bugs- This injury was Tvhan Lhe tomatoes --vare plant- d
near potatoes or -weeds.

POTATO FLEA-BEETLE Qr.i-,rix crtci.2r .aris Harr.)

New York 9- X-- Smith (May 18): This insect is ab-,,;ndant in -ardenz in
Orleans CountyH_ C- HuCkatt (!,.ay 18): This insect is found abundantly in tha
woods in Suffolk Cc-= ty

Roy Latham (May 19): At O::i : nt, scme pl:mts 2 to Jnches high
are killed in shal-t-:,rin, -700d- .- Thi'; -'-n: Iact is more ab-u :dant
than in an avera 7e -vear aid :Luc7-. -or a than !a--:'U month_- The
Weather is cool and dry. No enemies have ba:--r. observed.

A FLFA--B7_L,7'1'1L_'7 (Discnycha s-or.)/

Porto Rico R- E- Daniorth Nay 19): The new green -Flea-beetle'- -7ith orange
prothorax, Disor7ch.'). sn. n., co.-on on beets and --hard, is also
attacking white -otato3s and turnip leaves.

I1SPICATED TTOUT-13FETLE i *nicaerus imbricatus Say)

Mississippi R. T7* Earned ("ay 18): Several co.-I-plaints have been received at
Vhis office with -ecaxd to the imbricated snout-beetle damaging
to-Mato plants Lri the southern part of the State.


-7








YELLT-STRIFED ARYiY= (Prodp-n44a orl I e-,I.)
Ra T# Harnea (May 18): _e have L - 11
re ,,e- red conpla nts
the yellow-strioed 17rcT.-to -pal,-es -n 1,--n3 St-, 77rcm
Lucedale -7,Te have rece,_,vaa sy:_- Cinsns of this ilnz,33, tona-to p nts- From Seminary -:,,e have received 3-p ci=ens t.-17i n from cotton&Jur,701i *'S (Noc UiJae)

Texas D. C. Parman ( ,,Tay 12). loses, 75 rc, r 3 -nt have
in all c7ardens in -r ct of i-alle caused by :;evaral
paces of c-4-.-,orms, ai-id gardens are ;,.,r ,cticaliy bare or have ver-- straggling st,_ .nds. The to-=,to 3ro-s to the south have suffered soverclyj 'cut, not so t:uch as th Fenaral gza.-dons, on account- Jf better control ms-si3_res employed.

F. C. Bishop ( 'ay 235): Cut -,,orws of 3ev-ral have caused
c o n s id e r a b 1 s dama r- i n -1, -UC 1E, d rde -n a. n t n C i n i t y j- f D a 7. '_ a s
during the past rL cn ;h c7f six

S = 7 OTATO
T",OST:) -1) -,77-,-7M =0_' 7r)
Ip S, (Ca.,3sifa bivitta a Say)

lilississippi F.. R. Sm;%h (1.1ay 1C): 'du'Its oE -z of
very abundant on plai:.ts r ?cdntl-Y :3 -,t o-,-t in a fiDld belor 7i,-.,-to tI.-.-_ A- Co"lege. As many as six or eight- :-,T,ci7en. 71 vh"ch i"led
were found on sorLe of the s,-all -lants, b&dly ,.L
as a result*

S=T 'POTj11TO MEVIL ( C Via Fab

Oklahoma Es E- Scholl (14ay 21): It has be-n 4-c this
bv the State Doard of Aorric-ult-t-re t',--- Fab.
has been f our,d in s7riee t potato 1 1- Ids i,. Je -ffers on and S t--phers C f tll.i s 14 tat "i It"- irth -r in e ior mill be L-ade by en-oao' o--i t7 of nd o I +he
State 3card nent

TrIOTTM) TORTOISZ 2_71n''a, (21-;- a Cru t p

lississippi TT- E- Smith (7J.ay 10): -3p: cies o-i7 -re
very ab-ondant on, r: 3-n+;ly se+l o-at in a field belonging
to-the A. As nany as si-. or eight, sp: cimens
-,,rere found on sonS c' t1--e sr,-,al]_ Dlaritsv 1_11"_'-.ic1- -1, -'re badly riddled az a result,

GOLDDT TORTOISE (D'Iatrlor., bicolnr F:7,b.)

Ussissippi No Re Smith (1,7ay 10): Adults of this species -,f beetles -are
very albizidepnt on plants recant17, :,et out in a field belonging to the A. & M. College As many az si-.. or ei-7ht s -acimens waTe found on so.,2e of t-.ne small plants, -:hich ware badly riddled as a result








CABQf-G:?

CABIAGLThM(Pontia rao L.)

New York Roy Latham (May 5): Cabbage butterf- lies 1-ave been flying
at Orient, Solk County, since April 0,, but "re notorn

Henry Dietrich ('!'ay,; 23): Alrpair o.1' cabbage liuttarflie s m
noticed at Appleton on K. ay 17 fo r the 1cirst irothis seas on.

W. D.#m Mi' 1(s y 14) F i t .Jjits ~ :eseen in INassa-. Count-;y
on this date.

Dl.vare Co 0. Houghton (Anril): A mode rate number of this zr-ci-:s have
been observed on the wing at IT 5-rk,first appearing April 0'#
It is less abundant tha-n in a average y-ar.

Virginia Herbert Spencer (K ay ): To dat2 the c bbage co a a
no insect outbreaks of inocnctnd it is doubtful if any
will occur this spring, since th e crop is -ractically m-a-e.
It is rather wuual not to have vepot ofIpot.cabg
worms, but none have corne to the -ttention of' this station.

CABBAGE 11AGGOT (Phorbii rsia oz~

N3-7w York Cs. Ro Crosby rnd assis;tarts: Flies .e ob. eived May 4 in
moderate numbers -both in 'cold. fr&;,-es arid in the field in
Nassau County. A-pparently this pest has 'been markedly held
in check by the cold weather in Suffolk County. Flies are
rather abundant around ?helps and Stanley, Ontario Cointy.

CABBAGE APHID (Brsvicorvne brassice'4. L-)

Virginia Herbert Spencer (K*,.ay 9): To date the cabbage crop has had
no insect aoADeaks of i;--orta.;nce and it is doubtful ifan w
occur 'this spring since the crop is prcialy-alS. It is
rather -unusual not to ha'-e reports of lire3, but none have come
to the attention o--: this station*

HARLEQTUIK CA23BAG~t BUG (iMuratia. his trionica Hachn)

M~issouri Neely Turne r (1Kay L-20): About 35 'per cent of.- tuhc- cabocage crop
ise damaged at Poplar 3ltaff in. southe..s tern IUissouri. Abundance
is about double, con-arei -v ith an. average year. No natural
ene~i~s hav1xe been observed.

STRIPED FILA-BMTLE (?1hu1otre;:,ta vittata Fabs)

Ne-,' York T,. D- Mills (April 15-iKay 15): This insect wvas first observed
doing serious damage in Jassau County to saodlings in the
cabbage seed bed axid has since baeen observed in several seed beds. (Nay 3): Severe injury to cabbage seedlings occurred in
one seed bed in Na ssau Courty.

E* T# Pierce (11ay 18): Flea-beetles are rather thick around









S17axley and~ a few arcu-n;:;e's in Ontario County.



STP3ELY VT-VIL (PKoous -natii Say)

-oa Yo rk C- C- Wagoner (a,r 18):T Ir-uzy in one 2 ace anounted to 30 per
cent. Infestation is ge-neral ~tis he-tLd do07 -,1ith dus t inUlster County- c; 19) 'omo -rcvowers havefi~ to ralke an
attempt to con1-ticl strawb-srryj -veevils and n C.-ch cases consid-,-rable
damage is casz~ In other fie'2Js the aontrl apr to be good.

P- Do Ruipert (MayX 5): The first beetles were seen in DLthe Cotxnty on this date. (:.:ay 19): 7ork is-, progs-essing in control
of the stra-vierry -eavilS 7P21[3KEljY FIJPA-BFFM2E (FHaltica ignita Ill.)

New York P- D. Rupert (Mlay LE): vodarata 2.nf,:!tation is reported in the
Tivoli section- of Thutchnesz Cclar~ty

STIX' '.BEBPY %CRO T-BORR I yodera Rile-)

Missouri L& IHasenian (May 1-9.): This insect is rezrted in greate-r abundance
in southwestern MKissouri t-han in an averatge year.



Mississippi 1Me Re Smith (May 8):. This species of ant has been complained of
as being numerous and troublesome in flower beds and in -strawberry patches. Specimens have been sent to thni-s o-ffice from Clarksdaie47
Poplarville, and other places.

SLUG (Srecies Undetermnined)

Louisiana T. H- Jones (April 21): Slugs haws been noted doing cons idirable
damage to the fr-ait of st-r a bzrry at Bator. Rouge and havc also been, taken under conditions indicating tha-t they wvere injuring
corn pla nts before ".heyr came above th3 s'arf"a-ce-of the ground.
Te h;:v- alsola reiie c an ts o i 7 r So sr au, b--'r r e Sby
sluzs at Denham Springs anc o 1~r anl- turnip gree-ns at -ie5w
Iberia. Cool, ~:ir either -,robably is re sjonsible for abunflance
of slugs.

STRA7BER-Y L-FAF-B=TL"E (Paria c--nella Fab.)

-New York C- C- Tagorier (Miay 5): Adults have been found abundantly in a
planting of several acres in Ulster Countyr. (2Vay 18): This species
is rather abundant in some locations; infestation is general but
not serious*











ASPARAGUS

ASPRAGUS BEETLE (Crioceris asparav. L.)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (May 22): Asparagus beetles began to show up
in the eastern 'art of the State about the first fV- days of
May and are about as abundant as last year. One report
from the county agent of Middlesex County reports them as
very numerous in his county and, apparently, worse than
last year- C. 12uctata also is present.

New York P. D. Rupert (May 18): Moderate infestation is noted in
EIJthess County.

Maryland E. N. Cory (MJay 19): Both species of asparagus beetle,
Crioceris a-paragi and C. 12-punctata L. are doin- considerable
damage to cutting beds and excessive damage to newly planted
asparagus at Cambridge. They are much more abundant than
in an average year.

X- A. Hyslop T7ay 15): Very heavy infestation has been
observed at Avinel, eggs practically lining every twig and leaf. (May 27): The beetles are now defoliating asparagus.
Larvae in some cases are fuall-grownBEANS

EXICAN BEAN BEETLE (Epilachna corrutta Muls.)

Alabama F. L. Thomas (May 8): First record of the bean beetle was
made at Auburn, in Lee County, and about 50 miles south of
the known infested area of 1922.

mississippi R* W- Harned (May): We have just discovered this ppst at
Eastman, near Fulton. (May 18): On May 8 one of our inspectors
found two infested gardens at Eastman in Itawamba County,
vwhnich is only 14 miles from the Alabama line.

BEAN LEAF-BETLE (Cerotoma trifurcata Foerst.)

Maryland J. A. Hyslop (May 25): All leaves on beans are badly riddled,
with from 3 to 6 beetles to each plant. Infestation is very
much more serious than in an averae year.

Illinois S. C- Chandler (May 12): This insect is badly riddling the
leaves of string beans in rany fields. it is present in practically all fields and nearly every plant i -rore or
less eatenMississip.i MA. R. Smith (May 19): This pest is doing appr6ddab .injury
to beans in this section. The leaves of the plants are being badly kiddled by the beetles, and in some cases it has been
necessary to poison for them.












SOUTHERN GREEN PLANT-BUG (Nezara viridula L.)

Mississippi R. W. Harned (May 18): Almost daily we receive complaints from
every section of the State regarding damage to beans, melons,
etc., caused by the southern green plant-bug.

BEAN EEVIL (Bruchus obtectus Say)

New York G. E. Smith (April 16): This pest has been unusually abundant
in Orleans County.

PLANT-LICE (Aphididae)

Mississippi R. T. Harned (May 18): Almost daily we receive complaints from
every section of the State regarding damage to beans, melons,
etc., caused by plant-lice or aphids.

Pachystethus lucicola Fab.

New York C. R. Crosby: At Glen Head many b!eatles were found eating
holes in the leaves of garden beans.

PEAS

PEA APHID (Illinoia Risi Kalt.)

New York W. D. Mills (May 19): This insect was first found in some numbers
on May 18Virginia Herbert Spencer (May 9): The pea louse is occurring in numbers
in The tideqater section; of Virginia and damage has been reported
by several farmers in the vicinity of Norfolk.

Michigan R. EH. Pettit (May 26): Yesterday I received word that the green
pea louse was endangering and threatening the fields of alfalfa near Paw Paw. Today I received specimens of alfalfa completely
loaded with the green pea louse from AlleganOhio T. H. Parks (May 17): A few aphids have been found on young peas
at Columbus. They are also cormon onr. sweet clover on the
University Farm at Columbus. This is one legume pest the plant
seems to accommodate. They are plentiful on red clover, but
no visible damage is seen. Some Call ipterus trifolii re among them. The weather was very dry during the last of April and has
been rainy and cool the past 10 days. Specimens were sent in from two counties in northwestern Ohio with the statement that
they were seriously damaging alfalfa. This aphid is present on alfalfa at Columbus, but no serious damage has been done.












i,,entuckv H. Garr-an (Mhy 16): Severe damage to 21'a-17a -,7;,% s c b r v e d i n We nave
cnroe Comaty on Klay 14, and in Gai2aL4, -o, 'y J
never before had this insect reported -as injur! D-,zs to -ti-falf-,.

Mississippi R. W. Earned fLvlay The Pea aohid is makin l i-b
in Mississippi at the present t,-.e. Specimens ha-- ',e been taken
from gardens at A. & M. College, Starh-ville, and Poplarvi 1.1e.

Michigan R. H. Pettit (May have a rep:art Ifroa. tne county agent
at Cas,,iopolis, who foand specimens of plant-lice or. alfalfa
which prove to oe the green pea louse, He reiDorts them as having done considerable darnage to alfalfa. (M 471 2Q'): Ye 6 t e, rd y
I C>
rece dved vord that the Iea ID-aze wa s endar jer inc- and threat::.n LD
4ng 'he f elas of alf-i lfa near Fa:,,; Paw, Today I rectAved specimen'ts cf !:)lfa lfa c ;.mpletely lo,-:; aed Lhe green pea louse frc,,n
Al 1C P--.11 .

owa Irea D. Butcner Nay Z-e county aj enL of WaT;ello Go-,Lnty
reports gre n aclnL, s on 2C acres uf al]7'alfa v- 'ith tne loaves wiltia6 ard yellow. 1-iis is tne lirst rel-or', i-,'- tlle
State this yEar.

ssour i
L. Ka eman (1,:ay 6): am f ;rwardJng tc yoa uiaer s-2parate cover
samples of a green clant-louse that, is inv,:idin 7 the alfalfl fields
in great abundance near Malta Bend. You ;iiil cbservc tne high
mortality caused, apparently, cy sc,- e disease, wilic--. leads
me to believe that this rest will not d -L irtrii r serious s damage
( 14 ,.y 1 6 ) : TTI
t' Jz season. have n _a n-. serious re-corts on
pea aphid or, alfalfa in the last few days. In fact judging by the condi-Uion of the samples received auout t,,ie th, I am inC14
to believe that the species in sorre fie-as at least is giving up to tl,Ie paras! i sm". Ooth by a, fun Tas ana by Hy,.Lenoptera.
1a_-y-c)eetles and syrphi-I fliies -,ivere not at all ab-,nJnI. in the
sample exa-TAned, out hyrneno-tera and fungi seeme! to be very
Prevalent on the sa=-Ies. I cL,--. r e s a 7 t --r,-e i r c 1 o sar e o f a few h c -ar s
in tae container may hav(_ i lflnenced_ the f,, _ngus -level o,)r,;e-.-Lt but if t ,.e T-)ezt in the o- )en field shows arytr4ni_- like t-qe degree of para ism ti-)e sa:zjples of a fe,,,v hou.-s in inclo ;ure i,- the
m--it6on fruit iar I feel s,.ue the fu.L-us is doing good worl _.
(may Z;cavt, _-ed complaints c_ ntJnue t-, arrive -from alon the
course of tlie Rz_\7er, 4ror-: cent-ral 'Mit:,souri to Kansas City.

Kan sa s Roger C. S nith (M-7_:-v A):
wish to Areic')rt an ci tc)reaZ of the pea a-ohid -pi si) o aifalfz ir, the 7' Iw Valley. I have
soen t a
P ,rt Of tWO this -:utbreak, and ccrA-Licting
C-)nt--ol experirzen- z. The f-rs' .e
-,, as from the farm.
of t'-e S 0 a, ,,res -;;ere fo-i-nd
to be heavily infested, at least o, v,7 6 S E; 0',
L_ r I s.Ly
iniured. I fo-_,nd infestatJions in other fif-las wItIlin a radius








-63..

f Z r_, ile f r(.,= i.#-P i 3 One ; otI!e r,-;i Se f i 1 -tO _-frOM O bOllt 3 L-dleS
no-,,Ih of Tonahti ,-,o have oni'l-'r a ze. r pea- --r-7hids Ln them
an in ;- ach cases, they are doing no ap,:- eciable da7__age Fro-Topeka to Eansas City, Xans., thare are abovt half a dozen -Ci_ ldz
vvitih s-- ot-s .hat hw.re T e:.-, seriously irij,_ued. Thp, heaviE st in."es7te-it
fields. ar- near La -.- A'J' yi L o r L-Ig an d 3 on-n- r -pr
iiorLh of !:ansas City, in t-ha riv--3r bottoms, a-re a. v a 47,i 4s
of about 15 acres en-1h th?,,t are heavily infested, three o-::' J ch
show serious injy=y. One of thase finlkis, I f-lar, is a total loss.
There was muCh craIlo :rr ss in fi,31e, last -_ '-all and v-ary goo,:
overwi-n-arin- conditions -,ere iovidi d- Th3 a-;.;7hi_71s :r-ac-h= 4
and ly ilie ', a, I -a 1 b 0 r a
Outbreak --mul'Derz earl :.)ract, .1
3oyLaar Sj rir.cos
it rea, hed 6 inc4._-s h.;,ight. Around - C, visited fG-jx
fields showing a hea:-- ry ganecal infestation, eacch from small areas.
'h --d- -I-.+ this ,v----irg th winced
are the sevorezt, -injury was locat- V .4
., -r n -1 'r
fo rms ara i -p a d 1 1-17 a-, i d I y c th- i
hea- ly infe3- e-i- fur.gous dis:-ase 'h"cal' of tho wors- Lnf-- z-ed fields, _-re )eing one -6o sav ?ra2
PiriLis'.a ol, ,4.3ad a]; hids on naafy every ster.. The ladylbird
beetles, 'he tvo-s- and C,-: Ka-lor_ gili&
fv s c .,1a"t-ri l, -n-k. a 1a3ewing -':'Iy, 0' ltunda, are
in '_T_7_-C, 1 0 I's a n d -o
The weather conditions ar f.wo:,7able no- fol, devolocment
Of the f'Llni_ ous dise, ,s_ and' tI-iz, so believe 'he
:)eak of th e ou 41-break has bt n rasse ,LOkiahona 2- 3K Irloll (May '21): The re, v Ila,; baan re-cortca to
doin- considerable da:,Laga to al-falfa in th_- o--,:,
L reports ,-;4
"hese 1 be veri-i-Jed next ,,!cak- A s 1 i g1i
i:-L.,1N_- tta:Iion -vas --f'ojand by -mysalf y afternoon 4 7-los
we t C 70n ; -,, 2 in P-x,n3 CTanty.

Cal -pornia, (Sea Al 'alfa)



S rDR i PE D CTU 7 LJT ,=R BE77LE ('_Diabrotica vitta.-:7- Fab-)

14' York H- Huckett (Aoril 2-4): At River-n.ead adults .tre to be foand
in shel- ;er- d in tho -,roo-lsVir-inia h'ar b 3 r 4 5 S-o nc_-r (17a,-- 09): the -,;veek: t'ris ins:-c4- rns
destruct:i:re to out-joor in U1le of Ports=outh.
The gro-,-,m in coi i -Ter- -nct

3 n 4 u al-_y H- Garman (I--ua-7 16 : no- -,- Jl in La, Co7-Inty
,30; in Russell County April 30; in o- anty 1,7ay 11 and in
T"hitley GOZ145y Hay T'his -,,oest to -0,, -_xce-,,ticna!_1y co-T-_-on.
and d. ,s,ructive in .-aste r- end of th- S-';j: tav











j C
Crooa'---Ly fhis
in 'Gr2 viciIiity -8, v
on cu 7 : J-t of
tc-4toch-s Parfsh wr-t-.D: I S t r t r: ir, 1 to
u Our C7- C= r 3 1!
The county a-, nt o -4r' 1.!c Soto P --rish CU 5 '.-ast
be z 1) e' -Z 10 s J, 1'. :'L 1-j
Vines. (- ay A-ricu] turi st frcz s.,,r,.-c. 1 1 wrotc for
information a, to tho control of llstlzri -od-'cuc-,]-T1 ber b --tthat is att--cl--in- about 23 Ac.-r--s of tl--t ha7"-O un--I- r
ob s --viF.t n.

1 1'1 s si s siipioi R v 1 Ha=Lc d Y 18 lmo s t i iY wo r c v o 3 o7,-i-' s r cmn
evo ry s, cti on o --'e to OnoJC t, t
,jtc. cause b, th, stri-,,3d

7) fields Dntlr, !y tah,?n, others
not so badiy

.,I S P3 T 'Gm
inia 11,. rb, rt S-P- nc, ,r
Vir- --ay 9): -' arin::; th:,,' j-,ast ieeh s:prin'-tails
destructive to outdoor cucurn:;er3 in the --ioi-rIfcorhool of
1D
ortsmoutIn. The vac,,anbors brown ill cold fr=cs nct
a. a c t


.7oss-rrii Glov.)

"ississipy:i R,,V.7.11 ,,rnel (Yiy 18) Almmost -1-ily we receive co-, saints from .v s -Ction oil the St-- tc in re-crft to plant-lice or --,h; -is
-1,)-A*.n- to beans rialans 1 4.
I 'c"

'3(DUT--=N CITZK"N PL.'117-3UG (17, z ira virid:,ila L-)

M i s s i s s i pr i R W. r n e d (May 18 A Im o F t d 7. i ly wo r c v e c o rnp 1:- i n t s r on,
evc;ry section of t'he St:' Lo in r,3--a-rd Iwo the s plan',bu- doin-- 1-z.raI0, to beans, melons,

STRIPED CUCU MPER B2 30IJTE

Irlaryl ,nd J A v S 10 "p a Y 10 'e h av o 0 r t 0 U t -b 2: k
fi"e, in south,. rn Mort-romacry

1 -j- 2 jp_ r J. 1
ntualky H.G T-x.an 16 -ve. a no in T -,a County
in R- S -,11 C '-- amty ID,-L 0 C--- IL 1, : .nd in
jjjtj Y C'C'-Xr. y T!7 1_,y t 0
egfnnon and d----s-k0ru-ct'iv- L-1 t:'10 tr'" V- U

Mississippi R.W.1:-rnad C.,JL-,y lg)* Almost daily we co. .-fLaints frcm
s- ct:ton of th, St.ate rC,2-7,1'din7 to M- '3ions',
etc., Calized by the stri-ped. cucumb, r beetle.








01IS C EJT, -1-'7073 PZ7J

S QUAP.SH BUG ( 'nasa- tri4s t is D- G)

New York Henry Dietrich (1M1ay 23)! Adults wera no ticad May 17 just
emerging from hibernationSTRIPED FLFEA-BE-TLE (Phlyllotreta vittata Fab.)

Iowa Carl J* Drake (May 10): On Miay 5, 1 reoseived a few specimens
of the flea-b:-etle, Phvl* lotre-ta vittata Fabr., from 11ontroso.
These beetles .-ere d6sUroyig spinach a.-nd radishes in gardens.

CAR.ROT RUSTFLY (Psila rosae 'Fab.)

New Yorlk C# R- Crosby (AiDri1 20): Infested carrot was reDceived on this
d-at f rom ",h it 3s v i11e '

CO:> ,ON 1,MPYBUG (Psi:udococcus citri Risso)

Indiana B. A- Portear (IEay 31): 1Mealybug injury to cant:-.loupes plarfttDd
.seed bed.:was notod at Vincennes April 30- Many of the plants
were re-,orted as being killed by this K0 thich s-cene to be
a ne-a r:sst in that s ectI-icn'

CUT-01r :s (Loe tUidae)

Massachusett*s A. I. Bourne (May2) Cut-.wo--s have been report-d from th
eastern p, rt of the St te az about norw-ally abundant and
apparently causing the u-aax3l annoyance to mar~ret garden, rs
in that section of the State The first report we have rece-ivjed
of then in that section was -about the 10t1h of .y

North P- Luginbill (May 11): Peas, cabbage, toEnatoe s, and other
Carolina crops at Columbia have been damaged. The cutviorms appe~ir
to be irore numerous this year than for many ycx- rs past.

A 17E-,VIL (Listronotus near t7-reticofllis Lee.)

California 7, D, Pierce (May 31): A specimen of Listronotus <-iih is
close to tereticolli-o Lec., but in bad shape for deterw-ination, has just been rec eive d from Stockton, through Prof- Essig, ,:ith
the report it it was bred from tomato sterws.


SO0U TH E RN F I E L D-C0R0P I NS EC TS

COTTON

BOLL 7TE VIL (Ai'thonoz-s zrdis Boh.)

Mjssissippi B. R- Coad (7ay 17): 1ulr- Barhcer, of YJew- Orleans, La., st.--te3s
that while waiting for a train h-,3 e.-emained 60 o5 70 cotton
plants in a small field close to the railroad station at
LMeTNeill, in Pearl River County, finding 6 boll weevils. .71-










also states that irndicat--ions %were that : ,any weevils were preset
in this field.

Loujisiana B. R. Coad- (May 16): A single specimen was found while la7ig f
plots ffor exparinental riork at Tallulah on May 16.

Oklahoma E. E- Scholl (A-pril 1-3'). Four hibernation cacres containing 500
Vleeviis eachwvere use,1 to determine a Fperc2-nta ge mortality ofL boll
weevils ir Oklahoma during the w.7inter o-f l2-3.These were located
at Stiliwvater-, Shawnee, .L-ntlerz, and Durant. Counts thI'is sprir-,
indicate th-it an average of 0.2 of 1 per cent of boll weevils going into 'hibernation in the fall of 1922 were living the latter-_ part of March, 1923. During the winter of 1921_22 the npercertage of living
weevils was 1.29. This srho'-Ts -:! material inraein the -Tinter
mortality over the previous winter.

Texas T- C. Darter (D.Ly 18): One field of stubble or volunteer cotton
was seen to-say at 3rovr-nsville which con-,ained a mce Lmum infestation; every square being, punctured abad as many as 3 adults being ocerved
in one blossom. Recent hot, dr-Y weather, horiever, has ca; uses. very
heav.,y mortality in fallen, squares ean bolls. In general, the boll
weevil infe'station has been light to date, and clirLtic control
has been very ma'r'Kad.

B- Rl. Coad (!,,ay 1): Reports have been received from Edinburg that
weevils were appearing as fast as squares on. April 26. Dar-age to
crone was not stated. (Ma~y 11): Info rT-,ati4Lon was r-:ceivec. by wTire on this date from Umission off serious damage to cotton. ('Tay 21):.
Nr. Bondy re-orts tat infestation counts on expszrimental plats rzade on ]{say 15, 16p 17,. and 23 indicate boll .-eevils present in


YLLVJ. STRIPED .0RT70P11 (Prode ,nia ornithoqalli Grote)

.-isisipp R. TJ. 'Harned (iYay 18): rT. have received coT.plaints regarding
this in--sect from two places in this Statea. From Thucedale we have
received specimroens of th.1s insect da:.aging tomato plants. From
Seninar y we navie received sp-7ciizens tahr: from cotton.STW1 AIIDPEE7WS C0TTOUT STn'jj7E (Dvs-lrc .ndreae L.)

Porto P-. E- Danforth (May 19): The S t An drea s co t ton st aineo is
Eico exceedingly abuaidant ncm on the coton to thes outh of' uz, about
Iias and Boouecron.

TOBAC30O

.OBA,'CCO FTIEA-BE77TLE (Qpjnirix pvuhFab.)

a~n tuc ky H. Garman (Ma-y IC6): This insect is injurious to plant -beds in
Fayette County-.

Maryland. J- A. PHyslo-o (May 23): The tobacco flea-beetle is damaging plant
beds in southern H~aryland.







TOBACCO ThERIPS (Frmtklirioiila fusca Hinds)

Florida F. S. Chamberlin (May 18): The tobacco thrips, Frankliniella
f'uscas is be-coming rather numerous here at the present tim,-.
The incre.-ase of this post and the, resultin- damage, vill j-p,-nd
larwely upon the rains.

SOUTEERIN TOBACCO HC1OR1OPM (Protorarca soxta Joh.)

Florida F* S. Chamberlin (Ma y 18): The southern tobacco hornviorm,
Proto-parce sexta is ap pearin- in very limited numbers.
Emag-ance has apparently been aelayad by the cool ttmperatures
this spring.

SOUTHERN GREEN PL)1!\T-BUG (Nazara viridula L.)

F21,orida FS.Chzmbarlin (May 18): The southern -rjen plant-bu- is nov;
corcon in tobacco shado.s and is doin- some dairaze.

SUrAR I~E

SUGAR-CANE BORER (Diatrasaa sacchairalis Fab.)

Louisiana T*E.Holloway and V.E.IH.ley (May 3): Larvae of 'the first,
second, and third instars. havoc. been noted in corn an! su-iarcane plants (first -eneration) at Naw, Orleans.

FOREST ANTD SHADE-TREE I 1TSECT S

MISCFLL NFOUS FDTRS

PERIODICAL CIC.ADA (Tibicen sagtendecim L.)
BROOD XIV (SEVENTEEN-YE: R RACE).

Maryland J.A.HysJlop (May 31): 1 found a cast skin on the flower head
of a. mountain laurel in my pasture, at Avanel, this rrirnin-,.
Being ontthe flower head, it necessarily emerged within the
past two weeks. This may be a straggl-er of Brood XIV due- here
this year, but no swarm has appeared as yet.

Virginia W, McAtea (May 261 I co2lacted a single individual today at
Maywood. No brood has bean observed.

PERIODICAL CICADA (Tibican-saptendecim L., race
tredecim Wal1sh ajRiley)
BROOD XXII (THIRTEEN -YEAR RA CE).

Mississippi R.W.Harned (May 23): We have already race ived specimens th is
year of the periodica-l cicada from four counties, AdL,, effrson,
Claiborne, and Warren. You will note that they have not beon










previously reported f romn V17rren County, ou--t a boy at Bovina,
Warren County, sent us several rncLed sr,: cJ.'en3. T~e are: mal',Ia
a special e-ffor-,t to t11ry 1to ~e nfrm~ cth,2r court iezs if they
are apern not'-r co-izt~esG_ H. Kent: The 10-C3 brood of the -periodical cicada apeared in
Franklin County in Large numbers during the e-arlst -part of4 May.-5
I have observed this brood in 1871, 1874, 18907, and 1910. 1 have
also observed1:that E-tra.-lers occur the year follo-v-ing each brood
in quite zons-ara*L m:zI, rs .

Louis iazaa T. HI. Jones (May 8): Under date of May 9, I sent D~r. How~ard
specimens of what =ay be called the periodical cicada collected
at 'YAagnolia, La., on M~ay 8.

BRO71'T-TALIL MO10TH (TPprci chrvsor.rhoe-a Ti.)

.ussac huseat ts A. I. Bourne (.ay 22): The brown-tail a-Loth i"n Essex County
is re-ported as occurring i-n very sl n-=bers --practically
of no consequence in orchards. The same is true of -orchards,
in Littleton, in 7,i2ddle.-sex County, no increase over the numbers
occurring last year he;ving been founa;. In nor4,hz,;rn Torcester
County (Hcrvtrd) the infestation is found to be very sli7htThere is a -orobable increase estimated at 5 per cent over
last years occurrence. MYuch the same re-cort 1-as been received
f from nejjqnbuxcg in thc! sara county, a slighticr- bin
aPparent from 7-st yearl -cu rs. In Ply7-outh and Brist-)l
Counti,_s they are rejcrted as "-'eing,, thuas far, of -7vary little
consequence, an,-2 not bet-ng found aceabundant than la st. ye ar.

C-IPSY MO)TH (Porthetria dis-Par L.)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (Mey 23): Gipsy -oths are repcrtdd as very abundant
from nearly all sections of the State normally infested. From
Essex County (Salisbury) they h-ave been repor ted as very abundant.
They began tohthaotMy 70, and. were about as abuc'niant as last year. In th: e tov.,m of Litt eton, in .4ddlazsex Cornty, they
are reported to be abur-diant but no --Ore so than last jear. From Harvard, in northern Worcester County, they are report d as very
abunqdant. slig-htly worse than last year.* From Plmyncuth- and Bristol Counties -the reportsdindicate; that there ae no more
than last year, and in sorals cases theycoare greatly reduced in
numbers from 1922. On the Cape,, generally, they osem to be
practically as abundant as last year.

FOREST ^2i',T C2'TEPITLLR (Malac osoma disstria Huebn.)

West Virginia V7* E. Rumse~y (Ma-y 12): Tild cherry trees near enerry 11un are
chiefly attacked by this insect.

EV7RC-1RL,2NBAGTOIM (Thyridiote ry Hp~eafri aw.)

New 'York Henry Bird (May 19): Eg,7s -re as yet unohatched, but indiczition3
are that tsaere will be a greater invasion from this species
in the locality of Rye than has been experienced for some tize.






-c,2

TYissovri L,, Haseman ( April -aNy8 ~1 ~~rtsaeri
in various s tico:s of the Sta. C ;r ,r coccoons areattracting- attertion on roria tl'Sec ce _XS2 and 3verz reenzs.
Some fruits are Ki

FLM



Maine E- 11K. Patch (May 9):H rnt dcis'zr found inl great
num :ers in an o-en chamber at r, ua

New York Henry Bird (May 19) : Hibernating adults F-re very scar-Ce, a idthr
proznise to be no more than random~, isolated coloni~es of this insect
a t y eI a s wa s ;n he _-a se 4-n I 92_2 0 r -I _;r '_y b y th-.i S d atI.e o re Sees Trny of the beetles about, but, so f'ar I have noted only
one Specim~en.

HTCXCORY

HICIKORY B RIK-BEFTLB (Scoglvytus 2iaPdisinosus Say)

Michigan R,_ H. Pettit (May '15): On iv.ay 15, sp-ecimens of the hickory
bark-beetle were brought in from near ~4i~t.A section of hickory was bro-ught in sho-aing the workings of this Scolytid,
Many dead trees were report-ed on. farms. ( I advised the i=_ ediate
cutting of all trees badly affected, -the burning of the tops,
and the sinking of the logs in -.vater)M APLE

WOOD LEOPARD 71THF (pz-a p~rn Fab.u)

Newx Jersey Ho B.. Wei ss (Aay'c): One partly grown, larva was found in maple
at Trention.

FALL 1~ P"R(Amhla n on: t7-r ia Harr)

Ohio Ho A- Gossard (1Jay 11 ): On March 30,Y the fall -ankervzorm 7noth
was received f-rom- 7illoiaghbr on maple.

APHIDS (Aphididae)

.d York Roy Latham (May 5): Aphids are very abundant at Orient, Suffolk
County, on the ]Leaf bu-ds of iraple t:,ees. They were first seen
on i,,ay 1. The migrating w,,arbierz -are azrain feeding on them
and probably wilccnzrol this insect, as in 1922.

O AK

GA.LS (Cynipidae)

Georgia 0- IA Snapp (April 20)z Cynipid, galls, thought to be the
alternate generation of Andricus coronus, were collected from
water o! k trees on the streets of Fort Valley.











OAK LEC21UTJM (L-,cani,'m arcir:i Fij ch)~

S ou~th J- A- Bszly (11Nay 210 'Thi Ta-:inet aPer .every spring
Carolina in this StDvt at S;.Pi1 ":A it ap-earcdn water
oak in t~Ar :c~~~ o wa1-i:,nt control measures.

Georgia 0* 1- Snapp (Apri 19)- An, oxceedimLy heav-,1 infestation of
this L-ecanium -as no-Led or ~aoa oc72, at R yolds- The owner
of the t~~~~~~ree is usinga 1iT~2O1 i2~~l

P i iT

A LECANI7 (2cnr nurnismt !cum Pettit & :McDaniel)

Mississippi R.~ 7. Har-d (May 16): A species oil LecaniUn new. to this S tate
has been collec ted on pine at Hazlehurs t PUisL VcDaxiiel
fthe 1ici4 A.i~lua College has identified this
species as La numrism-atic-m.

PINE LEAFT SC-LE (Chioragnic; -inifolia Fitch)

New York C-. R. Crosby (April 20): At Spring Valley trees are badly
infested. (111ay 7):. Infested pine, leaves were received from
Ljnwood.

Onhio H, A- Gossard (May 11): The pine scurfy scale vas received
February 19, frou- Lorain. on pine*

Indiana J* J- Davis (May 22): Eggs of this inse ct began to hatch -at
La~tyette on May 21. Sales sprayed -vith 2 per cent lubricatingoil emulsio.1 are hatching just as -vigoroasly as those not
treat-ed. Apparent!-y, t,-he emulsion was ine-f feti'o against
the eggsNebraska r'i. Ho. Swenk (April 15-May 15): Savnral reports of injury
by the pine leaf zale were reported on ornamental spruced
and pinesPINE RK-0C'(Cherr~s -o-1-iccrtiClis Fitch)

New York M- D. Leonard (May 14): S-; ciman of infested bark %as
received from Williamsville ,7,.ith re3quest for control measures.
(May 15): At Albany an ornanenta-.l pina on a front lawn is
hadly infeste-d

WESTFIN PINE B77,TLE (Denciroctonus brevicomis Leo.)

Oregfo n ad on h y e s t er u au f E o o o y, VoJ.108,( AIpril):
Cala'orn~a Om the Southern Oregon-Northern California Cooperative
Control Project, to control an epidemic of the western pine









beetle, F. 1-1. Keen r.: -pcr-Gs 4 -1, viorl". has already stanrt,-_ td and that camj s t 4 C7
1@0 men on the 7ayr-". C h -i- s I be o- -ned as f
as snow conditions rn L
Two 1=drnd nen ana -, --ob :bl.-- at ,,iork at- thc- tizme this is 'bein'g-D
wri t Van.

.i% S!_T'=7ID 'ICTH fora 13lahe)

Aregon iVontk,4-Nexs lj_-tter. Bur-au of -To. 108,(Aipril):
j. E. -Paterson has r _-- orted ra3 ,nt d:_,'oliations of rine
timber on the Zlazzath In"'ian Reservat-ion by the larvae of a
Mot,---$ Colorad-iPL 2Ela c a Area s of 'h avy defolf.,tion
of pine .,,rere fol- nli. 1he inzact car ce controlled by 'he use
of fire durin- the fe& Lin- -; e"ic,4 o' tl-- -rvae. Ground
- I -A. L _debris is fire l and bu-_,-ned ,zider infast=,d trees, which
_f.,
caused the -,-x 4iied and fall to
to c o,,.,n st
the roland. -C-rcat precautio--Ls s1--Duld be taken to prevent for 3st The pu ae of the were use-3 as food by
the laamath and Iodoc tri-baz of 1-_,a,,, ians and ;;3ra cc.1sider_-d
a delicacy whan roasted. I t i i _0 -_ I i e -,T a d t -a -a t th. i s i s t1 i r S t
record of the use c;" pupae as food by western Indiana.

PO?

A BUCK -,',OTH (Femileuca nevadensis. Stretch)

Nebraska. Y1. H. S-aer! : 15-1,; 151): The ] r3senca o.:' ar ab-Ur.d: nce
of the -7,r rin,7s of Hernile-aca n_ -adensiq in a, popiar ~rove
in Cheyenne County was re-.--,orted ,:ay 4. The c7zs hatched in C-ar
T
Laboratory at Lincoln or. 14.
Y asV ye-- 1, for the fi--st
time of vinich ;,Ti have record, "his cater-il'ar y-,rovcd injuricus
1 1 U 11 .1:1 _L
to co 1-.';on7aood and orchanrd traes in t*- is Sta .3. the injua7y being
in 7jincoln Countye
SPRUCT

SFRU'CE BUDVIOIC,, (H.n:.-molo-al f=iferena Cleir.)

1A ich ig an R. H. Pet-'Gi-'C (May 23): 1 re-port the -praizence of -Ohe zj ruce
budworm on spruce sent- in frcm 7ost-3rs. Iiss 1'.-ScDaniel r:z ports
the emerIzence of adult -mot.--s :,or-ning. This emerga-.,ce is
hast ,ned no dc-fbt, "'y the fact that t.--ey were '1zePt, in the
insectary from the tent-h instant -cuitil the -present timee

IITSEC T S ATT.PCLT YG GREEN HOUSE

T
A N D 0 R 11 & V1 E T A P L A 1 1 T S

LPJV1\7S

AITTS (Formicidae)

Nebraska .11, H. Swenk (April 15-Kay 15): There has been =ch complaint,
during the period covered by this report, of injuries by nts
in lavns in the larger cities of e= .stern Nebraska.












A 3EE', (Andrana erYthr.O7&s*-,3r A an.)

Indiana 5. J. Davis Way'-2,4) -Specimens of jpdrena, erytho-7ast
(Frison determination) were received from Shoals on IaY 1,
U ing i- O 0- 1P-vin to such an extent h- t hay be ng .s i7-
,;.,ere di sf izuxing -Che and call ea f or control -me- s,,-.re s.

M I S C 7,M L A: 7-ZOU S

EUOITT,.TUS SC!JZ (Chiona, is euonN-:-i --. Ccz:S-t .)

DeL xare C. 0- HougInton Okoril) This species spears to be
in r:,. mbars in --this State. Cuttims fro-r very ht-- av 4 1y, 1 3 s t 3 -.1
7planlis have recent y been brought, in for ieterim-JI--,Iatic-n of,
pe s t .
-T
BLILIX PL.P!TI-BjG (Irbisia b _r _E '. hleCalifornia H. E. Bufl,a C.Liy 431): Swams from -r:-s-es to many m;.1"vF 'ed
slu-ifbs and plants, as dahlia, buddleia, are causing sav ara
daza-e.
ZE.OLYIESE 3=11E (Po-Pillia japonica 1Tewm.

'New Jersey i1flonthly ITews Letter, Bureau of Entomolo, y, 11o. 108 Umril) C.
do iLdlay, in charge of the Japanese beetle la:bor-:: tory- of the
Bureau at --Rivert*on, writes th ,,t recent. exami--- :, tiors in -' Iha f zLeld
ha:e shown no a tality as a result of
pprecia ble j;rub m-orv
conditions during the winter just -ast. Occasional S- ots have been found where th,:3re haz bz en comparatively slight mortality
dur ing the winter, but the mortality has been so low as tdo have
no practical. import ;,nce. A material increa.- e in of
infestation by the beat-ole throu hout the heavily infest-: -. area, mid probably a corresponding increase in density ,,hrou-:r.-.ou-z the
entire infested a ea., =ay therefore ba anLIicipated for -he coming
season,
kO:T9i1 RED-SPIDITv (Tetraruchus telarius L.)

aeor,;ia 0. 1, Shapp 1) : Red-spidars have been the cause 0. Z ar: Z r t
injury to o-n-,amental plants in the ]p-fk:s of Fo 7t V--,l'L'ey.

C RRY S Al 71. =I 17T S

GTXS-LNTEZITJM CALL MIDGE (Diarthrnngmyi hypo7ae Loe,,,,

Connecticut T". E* Britton (April 10) This'insect has been ound on sn.4-;.11
plants under glass at Rowayton.

Ohio H. A. Gossard Nay 11) On January 17, we received this rest
f r or. Cleveland, a-"aci-.inc- chry sari themi=s.





I














ARB OR 71 T 7

.,T_50RVITAE L:E F-PILU R (Ar- -vresthia th'ai-111a P-ck.)

Connecticut W. E, Britton (I.:ay .17): This insect is rL-port:,'d as sei:Jously
injurino- arborvitae aro,,)a-d rid N', --- Caraii i 'airlio"
County. It is much mor3 ablandant than in '60he avera 7e y ?ar.

1 GITOL D

CHAF7 SG' LE (Pariatori. -an !_ i Com ;t.) Georgia I. Snapp (14ay 1) This scale, de te:7.,iiied by 11r. T1. :,'=ri sont
is heav .,_'_yn magno;ia twigs and foliage at Fo::t Valley.

HOTLY

A BLIbTER BaTLE Uracro7oa.sis torsa Lee.) Mississippi R. W. 11arned (1.1-Ly 13) Some blister beet-Los, "1011
trees by an inspector at Poplarville to be
torsa Lee., a species that has nev--r before be--n
this State,
BOXWCOD

BOXWOOD LEAF-HINM (Mlonart'hronal-uas Labou.) Nev; York Mr Be-ut o=nuller (14a y 21) Dux inl 1322, many thousa-.ds of bc avood
plants in Wocdla im Cemetery, at _Noodlawm, Were inf Sted,
Apparently, the authoritJes ivish to tal:e vigi7,,orous action a,;ainst
this rest this season.

P NU

LESSia C, ;TNA LE_ F-ROLLER (Ge cannabis Oluaint.) Mississippi R. W* Farned (I L-y 18): The lesser canna leaf-roller has been
attra.cti-ng considerable atten-15ion in this State durin-_,, t he past
f evi weeks.
JASMIITmv '

ITHIT=7LIES (Aleu:: odidae)

Georgia 0. 1. Snapp Vay 1): Whiteflies hwre dama?_7,,,,d Cape jasmines
on s L oly in the vicinity of -Fort Valley.









'11; S E 0 T SS A F F Z C -7 1 '7' k' -7 L D 0 7, E S T I C

L



S, 7 0 Q'ie d e s s o' c Valk..
_L. i H L

,.v Yorl;: Roy LaVha,,, 5) T'-,-: sa, I t -M-: r s h m o sofa o vi, r c- f i:7 s t t-.,) in b 2 o n. z

H, a r Y B i..: d (7-- 19") T"l'-3, zal mosq7aito has not beor
-aai, at It L; o.:f iit-Cla conseq7acnce at
'h-, 4*in- -" 10 c oi- ': Coun- 0.1 C. strenuous
-n a-,a. inst Go -n "bLck. species.
n D -z -1 c t i c o n t'n t h s d t I: h o u h du r in t h 3
_7


YELLG,,TFZV-7'. -3 Dr)j, 10 U 'd-S L.)

L au i s i ana, 7. V. 23-;) t -3 aDO'-L ho-LL)eS 'C'r s -azy- Su. y aarly-for this loc:-lity, "-L Pz u I ly
: ol -rl S' uZie S'PDOCIes no a"
hare.

T e.-a F. C. Biziho p 'a'n-, 0",
aault f-'v"r obsorvad in 7 7-.o vicinity
of Ga-91--. a s t mn --.na -a 01. 11 ay No speci;r, n s we r e
L'.* f "o :, 2,altz thiz s-p3cias hava b 7,_-,n
.posi-iv1ly J nt-L-*_-Lad.
oos, _vad in Dall'as.

i 4 ,LAPIA 71.0SQUITO quadrimaculatus S,7-Y)

Lcuizdana, i -ay 2 The malaria r.,osq:aito has not "been lo .d
ible owi? iT,=b-rs 'by lasl- o -:a,v-. Tlh-* s s a month of six weeks la-C.or tha -. usual and is a---:c- tO a cool stol,,; r The rocor ie d rainfall -cor s local iv, 11f,':,_-1isO: .
sh an -a Iv La. ) S nce t!,a,- of oun. a 4 i nch,-FL -',.S (Si:phopp 2 X i)
"7issouxi L. Hcas, n-,, ,n (1"_: y 8) The usuz l s rin- f ou
co=pLiints rom 7-r
sections o" "'issouri have bean rzCziva" I abunld. '-Ica Fs cOnT I:last month 'becom-inf: vo:,se.

T ,xa, s, F. C. Bishop tHay 251 re:p7oi7tivbf tE-- inf t ion
of '1ouse S an,-i yar-1 s 'by cat an-" f hav 3% c oAr a It o t'he
"'a-bora.-torV durin- the ree -w-a' s.
h_ I --a-ffa s Lj i "t't i 1a 0 f U,
sho-': t' -Iat C
Bouche) is the form. hw-nan flDa.-,
'; -io-c
have c -I.-, I on, in s ", ---t is at




7-










BL,*, CX FLY (S i-mul i-,z-- qz ]pr o7b -,-)e i ley

Loui s. iana To H. Jonas (Tvay 10) This fly is comon oriou:;h,
espe ;ially early in th, morm=_- and late in the afternoon,
to cause 2onsiiera:bie ar.--.oyanca,

CHIGG S ti: _Iza"imatl 1% ,_rray)

North America 11' ,o-nthly IF3ws I Lett-erp B- eau of Entomolo7,7, 11,To. 108
( Ipril ;1923): The qu ,,stion is often asked hovv many
specLes of chi-_-ors there are n -;c"'-h 2merica. Based
-, 4.L
or. the m,,terial submitted --Por I.,Imtification throu-,h
T
th e s cf, .,-.e ]3ureau and the qz;.tional ]Lv aseum,
Dr. Zwinn- fin is -Cohat there is only on-- co=on species
7, T
ir iortll This si.ecies is Trombicula
t1al_-7 ,h-aat', and is f7enerally distributed in North
lzaerica, an f7'l-om t'_-.c Atlantic Occan zo the Rocl:y Un
-0 insr

F. C. Bishop (11 2,3): Red1bu--s or chi --ers vihich f irst
began annoying man about 1,lay lhave gra-tly increase -?d
in rrmbers durin- the past weeks,

CA,7T I J T,

OX 7v'.',RBLE. Uiv-ooderma bovis DeG.)

Han:f zhi 1-a P R L vv x-y y v -c,:? 1 e 4 i a s t t i c A- 1 i ;ht.
bu zen ra' "- o v c i -,, -,.v L V.- of D araam.
'TOWYork R. W, 17ells (I rcri The earl.I.- ko -6
--st reported activity
of the warble fly was received from, the locality of
i d d 1 ev

SCREMOM11 (C-r.rv,;on:zva macellaria Fab.)

Texas 0. G. Bab-ock ( ,ILy 16): This insect has been on a gradual
increase since IV-he 'begirmir-7 of "L-.he month. Catchh: s in traps sho,:: fo-_- t'he 'Last vieek ap-proximatel,:- 50 per c 3nt
screvraonn flies. Very few ases o- screiziworm 'have been reported to The hot weather hps apparently ter--'Aed
to.in(,,r=1asa this s-p3ci,-.s at Sonora and in vfest Texas.
d

D, C. Pa.IInan (IMay 19): Cases of scramoms have riot
increased durinc- the .-..orth to any exte-A, but in a few
instances where cattl_- have been branded there are a
-qod.n,=ber of cases.

Fo C. Bishopp (May 23): Scremvorm flies are -radually increasing in numbers about slau htarhous s, but comparatively few cascs. of L-2astation in animals hav, been
observed.




. ..........






HOR1,T FLY L

New York R. ,V, Wells (_ f ThI s is
f. h; rn 11:, .---s S z on J. IF- T H. Jones (1,Lay J-) 7
q.r a"- .4
En on. o 1 o i s t of tr a 7
--at-ons, repD r t s 3 c fly as -bein,- --ore L So jo 'dairy L a.-L M
t ian.at any

Texas 0. G. Babcoc'-1-- (! Tay 1E): nviest in thea Sonora
District, f lies ;! xe 1,50 to 250 Per animal
n:_ : c 1 i t t I -or th,-, --_ ast t- r e e
16 e s ha- a -0 a n 0 3
.ts ho-_,-n
C', '"l- ^ot -ry has f 01
past, two

.D. C. Pz rman, (,,:ay 1,D) 214v'Dest are a:buat O.E, this
-a:-_e :I-s last !I,-Ort,]:1 or s, 00. t 0 3, OCO -f r 2Zli=,al less

F* 3ishopp ('.V;ay -,)I): Horn flies 1-iave inc,---asad in
Nlay at Tj'FIlzs, as is 'his s--tion. :, ulch =j,,,yaa-j_-e
is being c,::azed. by hem (E nci c1li,7 zon ara usin-, sj rays


y Tabairus

Louisiana, T Jones (,,:ay lo) D-ari, -he !Ltt- er ] art of .4"fpril
and 'he a:: r_- y -iDFrt Of MZ ,-r thJ zPezias Was co-,-.on, esPecially on the e-]Lrs Of stocks, in the viciniCy of
B."or Roaza. It ;,raz tL.4_:!1 an." inj-1:LriC-,_s
s-Pecies Observed on 11.ive st0c:: t1-is ] eriod.
A (laballras '_-Lfoescens 3-311,ar'-ii)

T ex Las D. C. P, _,m -n
e j_ i- i n e
e:c s _,c 0
.1 -1 L r W ; 0 5 n
mounzains a- Uva, e ix, animals. T*L-,C j;, s Z,: ,a, av 10. The e---s
were fou: _, _M; U r" r s s in th- iv
0 ""lay 17.
S 1_3 LY
r, St om=7 s Cal 3

T a s
C. S bla:i fli s have in Z ed
materially. luring the last- three weircz at R,11z s. In sonae instaxices
"le Of flies Per c-a:ni=al r nged from
100 to '300.










7
D4 Ca y 19): Q2 dl of the
or st, ,bl,: fly beJn rop )rt, -I at, Cf
J ri c t i.-"!:
Uv a 1 e, I I Z
been -01;_t mo-Le ,Vha:- 5 to --3 -Zl-es -- e OL-axi animal at. time.

re-i-na -'.IA7.

of "becn
reported to z--te Scnoza,
all sheared -vhich J im-, -n ,/ --Z' ,.ctor

0. G. BaIbcock 1, -Ph 7 a -a 110, S r e
than us-az1 -.For the ];aztv
in tra,s; but--Ith-a 3udder, 1--ot a,,l-' .ry IS
ment al) -a in
increase in of fly.



Texas F. C.3ishop-, 2Z) : T'.--ara !,-,3 -, een no =a,*I---I-71 L =easa
in house flies -, s, *, !' a:-,:;
now ]p bout, norm-al.

(CUlL oidoq.bL7utta-.-,;.s Ccl-l-* Louisiar 7. R 6 s t'-, 0-,! Z
T-HJon, s (-I T
State Univ-r. iv
by Dr. J. v3L2Y
a cow late in the af of this
the collector.

P,:UT
-- Jj I

S57 L L07 3',7% Uecia.3-as -vicarius Ho,,-v,*)

(7h 0 H. jI. aossara 11) On JF-nuary 17.,x3
01, A.
,.L --n va w buz zartuza- fr- a
Westerville, 0 vhe ba- -s,. -70
poultry house.

CHI= LICIE (ALL PE,'-r S)

2exas F. -C. 3ishopp C4ay 33): 01-ich--n lice, ::eno-pc
bise--e itizn Pidget and Titzsch -Zen' L..
a'-ou+ normal t' 's s
ycing chicks, Y-C Ve '--eer OWi,.-r -0
:renaral use of 1-1:aor'd o-t-i the *cwls.










Cj,' j r :F *r ( =ej 7 4

Texas F. C. (!Jzy 423): 171 ''' h e 1:'- inf --,stationz cf'
poi, -lt-ny houses bi chic'--lan Mi 's 1-1 r3nort- A in this
district. SoTme loss 7--r c", s an-'
hens bain7 fcrce to -U'
o our a. e n' s s b a:
no t1am no.-nal at
7D
C' IGC-1-.LLS (Trer *oi-ul.-j tl:,,jzaj.u- j T'urr,:,

Texas F. C, Bishop-p ("lay 23) Yo-cz:ig chf-cl-ens re, orted froz.
Dallas to be GeE'Verely r-; a::-,d :J L' -4 by chi-_-,ers.

4M7110USE 33=1 3UG (.-' ematosjj hon inodonas DuZos)

Missouri L* Hasezian 33): 7his insa,zt, is
over issouri.

FOVF1, TIC.' (Ar7as miniatus --,Coch)

Texas D* C, Parm-!:Nn ("May 19): Qaita severe losses ha r- 1"d in
some flocks the of' larvae are at this 4.atnk th,"
heaviest ever ob6erved. Swe 1.ou. ;-,s are literally
with the larvae at all tines of t'he under
we---,,.her con it-ionz.



STL]EE P BOT-FLY (Oestrus qy L.) New Hamp- P. 11. Lo,,.- ,ry (A- C.7 pril 30) T o sheep in the Uni-tre-sity herl thic.I shire died were found rather heavily infested with this -pes-'Lo*
(T
ZUC7IF GI T LCUSE -LAnozrathn-S steno]2sis 3urm.)

Texas 0. G. Eabcoc].- (i;:W 16): A. Soncra, Plateau, this p Dqt
is increasing in n-=b-zars. It wila. no be nore =ai.-ous
from ,now on 1= to :-- Iimitin-,-, of lousiness. Ccns dar- b'n
damage is e-,.pecte" to be do.--e to the crop bf kid+.io

INSECTS I17FESTI 71-3' HOUSE 1.11T D

P .11". E 11 1 S E S

HOUSE CPUCKET (Gryllus agmesticus L.)

Connectic W, Es Britton (April 25): This cric7lkat vias exceeainZly abundant
in a basement of an apartment house at Fave-.aw

CLOTIES ',ZOTHB;.(Tine -nallionella L.)

New York Roy Iatham My 5): Cloth %s moths were seen f' in z in houses
on May 5












TEE- :! T_7S


Pennsylvania T. L. G-,.,,yton 1 -L'3 C-1 r in fr=n
r 0

Indiana -H. F. L;---'V-z fT,:ay 1q) a
bui' r!-Ln- in r n e
-in five cpseo, 3- Z
been obtai.-.,_: d an-- as
C-S=S, b(
and 2,55 and o- -Le f rom cn C t
are from RicIinonci; Lpi
: Ln di s on 16 but no c 3 01 1 3 rl*" nn -.-,I r e
o blaina:ble at the of ionI -.LCh -,vas i v r
d ,ys.after olac_ *

J. Z. Davis (MV 'Phite antz; are- contain aing their
serious de-cre laticn-7; iot i c e T-D le oein7
reported to us, one 3, fro-.' irtford C-' I-,- T-d4ar.a,
aiid the other 21, fra! i LaZ'ay.--z"a.

a1i]' (Chircno-aras 5-, )

Indiana J. J.. Day is (" 'A"Y 22) Or, 8 r'a,
,larva a v Jhlch wore r3-Lc-7t 111 a c! st'3= at Sale-a.
A.; .rsen dzerm-nL,1 t1,_S i _-Vae as
"species closely all-iied '-1o or cl:'.LsvZ t- +' '.

A 1,7TS (Foi--ai aidae)

11'nec'lalla -bay

A-'
M s a s z R. sm-' n
f r or, T F rc G a h e I"n o z t ,_ t c s t h w e r, 3 0
from the polch of a. 'home in v .,-iss's This
is an occasional house -o-at- in 1*

-Emary.

Mississip-pi M1.RSmijjh ',IAzy 1?) Wor':_--rs of th-L s-, ecies have -beer.
sent in from 0cean 'ot-r 4 s hnow:n concarni--
-,-a a:bits or distriou'On.

TI.'Y = L! L C'Ionomori= -Phar,, .onis L.)

Mississippi 1M. R. Smith (Iray i The tiny red ant or "Ph-arp-oh' s ,-nt
-uted t-rouzhout "ne Sta-e an' is a very is widely dist"i'_ V 4 4
important ho-cse-inf 3stinr, species.










ARTTE,*j:T (ridomrxex h-r.;ilis M'ayr)

ifississiii M. R. Sm ith1 (14ay 19) T he a r f an ti.n e oa t i s row- :m fvrn'rom
about 70 towns in tVhiz State arnd th.3re are doubtless other
infestat-ions of vvhich we have no re cord. Cl~ay 2-7)- jeLnens,
of the Argentine ant received today from Alfre d Lut"ken of
Picayurzia sh.-ow se ced forms, 3--7s, larvae, and pi r present
ii the nest.

Calif ornia Vi*D*Picrce- (M'ay 31): ;Ar-entine ant. is very bad around the
entire Bay Reg-ion, cszalyat Oakland, Alameda, San
Francisco, San 'Mateo and Palo Alto.

S61J5.5Is 7,erinata Fab. subsp.rufa Jerdon

Mississippi >.R. Smith (%Mey 12): This sifbspecies has only bee-n found
in one town in this Stat3, Tupalo. Ne_1sts are built unler
the concreteaie:.L or in the- soil arour.d' the ba3zemer ;s
of stores -nd houses, 01May 310) :The fire ant contirrues to
be the source of -ziuch cornplafant from all parts of the State.
I : zts are constructed in flower beds, strawberry 'beds, and
yards. The worhars are very vicious and stin~z one on the lenst
prov.oca tion. On .other reports that she is afraid to leat
her "baby in the yard -case of the stines of these an~ts.

Tetranori- midnzense 7ab.

24ississijpi :A R. Zrij (Mar IS) : In is _L ha ee.f-da
Galfport, I3ilo;xi, and Pazcagoula. It is also a houseinfesting specie-s.

LITTLE S3LAC7 L.T (Monororiun minin~ Dhcley)

New York Ryy Lathar. (May 5): Black ants were active in hcuisez M.:arch 30
and have been exceed-n 1y bad ever since.

CRAZY ,12,1T (Prenole-nis .1onpigornis LZ-4.r.)

Mississippi MIR*Smith. (m?-y 19): This ant otcurs at Gulfport and Biloxi,
where it infests only a few blocks, It is generally Izmown
as the crazy ant, and although infesting stores, houses, etc.,
it is far from being the pest that the Argentine ant is,

Camponotus socius Roger

Mississippi VR.Smith (May 19)*. This antD is present in Waynesboro
and Benoit. It vras fo=merly known only from Florida, but the writer has recently been specimens in Doc-tor Thecler' s
collectial from Georzia, North Carolina, and Alabanna. This
information tends to show that the ant is becomin,, distributed
throughout the Southern States,










Cam-ponotus fallax I'Tyl., au:bsp. rasili:

mizsissi--_Ci M.R.Smith May 8): Th.4s ant has 1cuni infeztli _t:.q,
house in Starkville. The '; ,orl-' ers show a decif3ei fondness
for swe .,ts, such as su-ar, siz-L:p, j;astr13s, etc. This
sp-,ci--,s has nav--r be-,n r_ cord_-d ba"ore as a hous_--inf' st4.nant so far -as tha writer 1mows. It has :'iso recently, from Louisiana by *,:r. T. H. Jones.

Sev -,ral sp,ciLs

s si S s ipl -6 'IM.R.Smith (1,lay 19) Accon"in-I to their irml.ortance as hCuse
I)ests, the .vriter would ramk thos,,j ir.f estin houses in tho,
State as follows:

IriJ-omyrmex him-,ilis 1Zayr 2' .onomori= minim-am 3uckley
3 -onorr.ori-jrl Th -acnis L.
4: - Soleno-psis 7e-mi .-.ata Fab* 5: Soleno-psis r,-.olesta Say
6 C- emastc-astel 31).
7: Preholehis 1,-.-,: aris Say
I ridorkvrmex analis Andre ,,


S T 0 R E D P R 0 D U C T I I S E C T S

'7K7IL ob'ectus Say)

New York Lelimd J, IV. Jones (May 16): Th; s insect is reported attab44ng
limaand kidney beans in stora, -e at Bainbri,,4 ;e.

Ohio H. A* Gossard (Mlay 11): On Fabruary 17 vie r oceived from'
Cleveland the beanweevil in stor,3d", beans. (Febriaxy 19):
The same species. vas rnceA-v-3-, in beans from Elyria.
': VIL (Bruchu -c
P: 17E iso L.)

Utah Ira M. Hawley (!Tay -h of th3 sead sold in northern
Utah is badly in-L"es4-_C01.1USED FLOUR 3EETLE (Triboli-um conO"s-um Div.)

Ohio H. Gossard (1,'ay 11) : On Febru x- 7 we received the
Confused flour beetle from L--lawaro, Ohio, vvhere it -,;;as
attacking stored whe_7 t.

RICE WEEVIL (Calandra orvz L.)

Ohio H. ,J. Gossari Cay 11): On February 7 the rice weevil was
sent us from Dela vara, Ohio, in stored vvh at.














2:7 __L~OBYTenebrio obsc~'i .

Oklahoma E. E, Scholl. (April -30): We have two very inter3stin;
reports of the lar-,e rnealworm. infesting sterilized cotton seed shipped into Cklahoma from Texas. Thc- seed, h6wever,
w'as stored. in old bins for about six weeks and the chan-cs
are that the condition of the seed after be ing treated ,
was congenial for the larvae of this st

A SaD WASP (ile astimus Isp., naLr lasiocar-,ae Crsb-y)

Mississippi R WTHarr. ay 18) : Durn; April, MnI, 2.G.Cwan, a ,:lorist.
at Cohumbt~s, 'Miss., sent to this cf:-I a b a,:f) edu
atlar-tica seed -;hat he had received' from a firm in Philadel-ha Pa. This see d was infe-sted with insects which were identified
bspeDcialists in the Bu-Leau. of Entomolocy as'r. Mea~ s
near lasiocarpae, nd- a species probably ne-; to this country.
A let7.er from the firm in Phil--{delphia revealed the fa ct that this bFa, of Cedrus aJlantica se ed haii bee-n oht~.ined
irn Europe.

NEIA LAL MTOTH (Plodia interp-unctella Huebn,)

Ohi 0 H. A.Gossard (May 11.) We received the Indian meal moth
on March 13, from Cincinniati, moths having attracted notice
from flying in numbers in a dvielling house.





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