The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00011

Full Text








THE INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN



A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States




















Volume 2 November 1, 1922 Number 8


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY

UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOP E RATI N G












OUTSTANDING ENTOMOLOGICAL FEATURES FOR OCTOBER, 1922.


This number brings to a close Volune 2 of the Ins
During the ricnth the false wvireworis have proved to be ruch rore seriously abundant than usual in western Nebraska, Knsas, and Oklhea,. In parts of Kansas planting has been discontinued owin7 to the depr dations of these pests. This is correlated with a heavy drought which prevented germination of the grain.

The chinch bug is going into hibernation in Indiana, Illinois, and
Nebraska in large numbers. Weather conditions so far have been very favorable for this pest. It is spreading northward in Indiana to the northernmost boundary of the State.

The corn earvornT is ruch less acundant throughout its entire ranre than was the case last year, with the exception of a rather serious outbreak in Dallas County, Tex.

No alarming spread or intensification of infestation of the European corn borer has been noted in any of the core westerly areas in the United States this year. The conditions in Ohio aid VAichigan, except for a slight spread in the contiguous territory, reTain nuch the sare as those prevailing in the fall of 1921.

The fall armyworrT- has been unusually abundant this year in Kansas and New Hexico. Less important outbreaks are reported from Iowa and Ind-iana.

The .Iexican oean beetle has been recorded from 10 new counties in
Kentucky. It is now known to be present over practically the entire central area of this State. During the ronth it has also been reported front 4 new counties in western North Carolina,

The pea aphid has attracted such general attention during the past
season in the cannery sections as to occasion the calling of a general conference bn this pest to oe held in Chicago early in November.

The outoreak of the spruce budwor which developed in 'aine last year seers to oe waning. This is reported as undouotedly one of thie rost serious outoreaks of this pest ever recorded in North hzerica.

The Japanese beetle has developed a new interest, doing serious damage
to putting greens on golf links.

Cases of dengue fever to the number of 3,082 have been reported up to October 21 in Louisiana, 3, 4l76 cases have been reported up to October 28 in Dallas, Tex., and serious outbreaks reported from a number of the other important cities in this State.


260 -









INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN


Vol. 2 November 1, 1922 8

CEREAL AND F 0 RAGE- CR 0 P INSECTS

WHEAT

HESSIAN FLY (Phyoohaa destructor Say)

Illinois V.P. Flint (October 20). "The fly-free date will apparently hold
good throughout the Staite with the exception of a very slight infestation in northern Illinois; here wheat should be sown a day or two
after the advised seeding date."

Kansas J. W. McColloch (September 27). "Fall emergence began in Riley and
XUabaunsee Counties about September 21. Eggs are numerous on volunteer
wheat. Wheat planting is well under way. An examination of many
fields of volunteer wheat in central Kansas on September 26 showed
a general light infestation. In the southern part of Saline County
eggs were hatching."

A FPLSE 'V-IRP7O' (Eleodes anaca Say)

Nebraska M. H. Swenik (October 1). "Hundreds of acres of unsprcuted winter
wheat have been destroyed by this pest during the present month in
the vicinity of Big Spring, Deuel County, while lying in the dry soil."

Kansas J. W. McColloch (September 27). "The weather has been dry and hot.
Wheat planting is under way but the soil is dry and germination is slow." (October 20) "The abundance of this pest in the western
part of the State has greatly increased. The fall has been dry and
seed has been in the ground f:rom three to five weeks without germinating. At Sublette worms have taken whole fields; at Selden worms are
thick in thousands of acres; in aiy fields in Greeley and Wichita Counties the damage ranges from 40 to ?75 per cent. At Lioeral on
October 9th it was estimated that 50 per cent of the wheat was taken,
and at Plains the famers stopped drillirg."

Oklahoma J. McColloch (October z20). "\Te have reports of this insect from
Tyrone, Okla., in which it is stated that injury is occurring throughout the northwestern part of that State."

WIREWOP'S (Pholetes sp.)

North Dakota C. N. Ainslie (May 22). "In a field of young wheat, just across the
road from a cornfield at Beach, N. Dak., I took within a minute or
two about a dozen specimens of a slender gray elateri-.- that I had
never seen previously. These were, apparently, congregated within
a small area, for further search produced no more of them in the
vicinity."


261 -









CORN

EUROPEAN CORN BORER (Pyrausta nubilalis Huebn.)

New England T. R. Walton (Bureau of Entomology October 25). "In JTew England
the natural spread observed late in the present season has been unexpectedly extensive; 34 new towns hae so far been found infested in Massachusetts. The western border of the infestation
now embraces the town of Worcester. The southwestern edge of
this area has progressed across the rastern border of Rhode Island
and now embraces five towns in that State. To the north'.7ard an extensive new wedge of infestation has progressed up the iferrimac
Valley in New Harpshire as far as Bristol, and the total number of towns so far found infested in this State is 25. A similar spread has been noted in the southwestern corner of I'aine, where
11 new towns have been found infested, the most northerly of which are Saco and Lyman. The northern edge of this infestation has not
yet been definitely located.
",The factors involved in the production of this unusual dispersiCn of moths are believed to be about as follows: In 1918 and the early
part of 1919 large areas of vacant land bearing heavily infested weeds and growths of wild plants were extensively treated by the
United States Department of Agriculture by reans of fire, etc., in
order to destroy the millions of corn borers which were breeding in them. This, it is believed prevented wide dispersal. Since
that tirme, however, funds have not been available for this purpose, and nothing has been done to diminish the production of roths fro
these extensive areas of woeds, consisting of vacant city lets, abandoned market garden areas, etc., and. as a consequence, the insects have bred by millions continuously for two years and are
now seeking better feeding conditions elsewhere. They have
naturally followed the prevailing winds to the northward and have
entered the fertile Mlerrimac Valley along the lines of least
resistance, 8aId have flown up the coast of Vaine in a similar
manner. The past summer has been almost unprecedented in Castarn
1.assachusetts as a favorable one for the growth of weeds, and it
seems obvious that & very heavy second generation of moths has
occurred as a result of conditions p:ev>King there. It is
est-inct-ed that in the TMystic Park weed aroa at Arlington, Massqchusetts, a very extensive tract, there exists a corn borer population of approximately 406,0C per acre. Some of the smaller areas
were found to harbor a population of at least one million borers
per acre."

New York 7. R. Walton (Bureau of Entomology October 25). "In western New
York there has been an extensive spread eastward in the direction
of the prevailing winds, including 47 new tow.ns. The eastern edge
of this infestation projects to the eastern border of 7yomin County.
The County of Niagara in the northwestern cornet of the State,
immediately east of the Niagara River, has been found completely
infested this year, and it is believed that most of the spread observed in this particular area has been caused by the flight
of moths from the heavily infested districts in Ontario.








-263

This theory is borne out by' the fact that there has been 3.ittlco
if any, apparent in~tensification~ in i.~t~~ n t. c area i ~citely
south of Buffalo in New York State. in~ oastfCm New York a t0*1 1 Of 18 new towns have been found ilifested. They are a1ll cortiguct's to the territory infested last year. 'ihe int ensity of inJ',:estation in
this area has also remained akost stationary."

Pennsylvania W. R. Walton (Bureau o 'f Entomology October 25). "In Penrnsylvaniia
nine new counties have been discovered infested, contiguous to thne
te 'rritory of last year, but som~e of these are situated on the entrere9
head-waters oftho Alieg hany River, showigta hiv.~e I
ing s2.ig"L-tly beyond the watershed separating the Ohio Basin 4L'ror the
low-lying region immediately surrounding Lake Erie,"

Ohio WI. R. Talton (B~ureau of Entocc-gy October 25) "In Ohio 25 new
towns have been fourd in:te,;I'-e1, a!). contiguous to the territory, of
last year. The mnaximnum rate of inf estation observed in this State
occurs in the neighborhood of P1-tbula, and. is esci- .ate at fro-n 2 per ctent, to 5 per cent. E7 r -,h- if sa1Lion apparcrntly
does not exceed about 1 per cernt of stalkzs exa~nred.'

Ifichigan W. R. Waltk-on (Bureau of Entorology Cotober 20). "At the present
writing five new towns have been found infested in southe~asterni
Michigan, all contiguous to the territory of last year."

SI'ARTVMBED BORER (Pyrausta ains~icpi Heinr.)

Indiana J. J,. Davis (October 20). "This -ns, occurring in the vroper parts
of cornstalks, has been sent in several times the past month m-istaken
f or the corn borer."

Iowa C. J. Drake Ocatober 3). "This pest is very cornron in this State."

MIXCCH BUG (Llc ,thu el ts Say)

Indiana J. J. Davis (Oc-tober 20). "Cliirch barys are abundant in their
hibervins, oua-ters. 7~hey e,-tcndic(. +he '4'r noe-hern ran e to include
mlost e~iery coun"Cty irt t.he ror-thern tir'9 The latest :rep-)rt is that
they occurred in nuzbors ini the western part of Lake County, the
extreme northwestern covunt-y of the State.

Illinois W P. Flint (October 20). "Heavy f lig-'hts of bugs to winter quarters
occurred on the 4th, 5th, and,4 6th ai,,d again on the 20th of t-h is
monthh.'

Nebraska 11. Hi. Swenk (October 1). "VZ3nc1tions during Septerber were favorable f or the chinch bugs and, a' tne p-CJ-ei-t timec, they ave abxundant in the cornf ields in two wie"y spoa' ,d area;:- of inf estation, one
of whi-ch is along the scuthern- bord c '.thes btate and includes chiefly southern Gare, Zefferion, a.id 2bYayer Counties, and the
other involves chiefly Boyd Co~nty in the northeastern part of the
State. The number present JI~ these twvo areas is sufficient to
form a menace for~ nex. season, provided favorable conditions for
the bugs continue until that time."







264

CORN EARITOR (Heliothis obsolete Fab.)

Massachusetts L. H. Patch (September 30). "The corn earworm is doing considerable damage throughout Barnstable County. One quarter-acre field
of sweet corn at Chatham showed 100 per cent infestation, twenty
stalks averaging 5 worms to the stalk, including ears with a
maximum of 13,."

Connecticut B. H. Waldon (October 18-21). "The abundance of this pest about
Botsford and Hamden is less than last year, 12 per cent of the crop
being damaged."

Maryland C. C. Hamilton (September 26). "This insect is reported as attacking lima beans at places around Cambridge, Lvid., eating holes into bean pods and beans inside the pods. Twenty-two per cent of the
crop hes been damaged. No eggs, pupae, or adults were noticed
but larvae were common. One badly infested field was bordered
on two sides by field corn, but dusting would probably do little
or no good. It is intended to try poisoned bran mash."

Iowa C. N. Ainslie (October 11). "While the injury from the corn earworm has been only moderately great during the past season, the
moths have been attracted to lights recently in large numbers,
showing that the pest is still actively present."

Texas F.. C. Bishopp (October 28). "This insect is somewhat more destructive this year than usual. A number of fields examined in Dallas County showed practically 100 per cent infestation of the ears in
every instance."

Idaho Claude Wakeland (October 19). "The corn earrorm has been a serious
-pest to field and sugar corn in Cassia and Twin Falls Counties
this year."

A STALK-BOER (Diatraea lineolata Talk.)

New Mexico J. R. Horton (October 16). "Abundance of this pest was more
than usual over eastern New Mexico from August 15 to September
30. From 20 to 100 per cent of the crop was infested from Romero, Tex., southwesterly through Tucumcari to Santa Rosa,
thence north to Las Vegas and southward from Tucumcari to
Portales, 11ilo and red amber sorghum were found injured to the extent of about 6 to 7 per cent. The weather was exceptionally
hot and dry."

FALL APWMOPV (Laphmvzma _rugirerda S. & A.)

J. J. Davis (October 20). "The fall armyworm was abundant, attacking corn at Aurora, Ind., October 3. This is the only report
accompanied by specimens or reliable data."







-265

Iowxa C J D ra-',. (f' ept e r.1De r 14) "A field of 7 acres of timothy war,
damiagod to tihc e ,-'tent of 75 per cen-L in Allanakee County."

Kans as F. WxlTh1ev (October 16) "This ncst pro-ved to be much more abundlant
as compa:-cd with the av-:rage yea- ana 'm' e 1so abundant in October
than in Au-List an c. rc weather was exceptionally hot and
dry. Demaite by ,iring wan 25 per cen,:."

New 11exiao J. R. Hotn(Octob,7! 16). "This pf-st weas unusually abundant over
ea1t:1Ie : T:e:,.12o fromn Aurgust 15 to 'Soutembepr 30. The weather
du 'itrj tii pc::bi w;as excepti.,nally hot and dry. From 20 to 100 per CC1Yrt1 c~f tho cro-p. was ir ~oifrom Romcro, Tex., s outhwesterly
thrxou - Tucixmcuri to Santa T' ,,a, thence n->to Las Vegas and southwiard JflY m Tucu-c ari- to PC rt )JOcS) th-= i f eU Cat 4oni boing shared about
eq'ially with Lt-r l ineo~ata. 'i-L ect ir.,els into the buds,
ears ,and stlslike the corn bojrei7 in thio territory.



Iowa C. IT. Ainslie (October 11) "A,-n-y,,,,o T moths have bf'en quite numerous
about lights in this v.icinitly duri-ng. September, although no serious
injury has been repor'ued in this part of the State this season."

Carl J Drake (September 21) "This pest was reported as attacking
popcor-n in ?olk County."

DIIGY C=73T. (Feltia roub FothicEa Flak.)

Iowa C. N Ainslie (October 11). "oths of the common cutworm have been
unIUally ple ntiful at lights here this sunmerir and fall. 7Pry Ii+tle
damage has bieen T~~r~AI rurrn thi zi~c Jr,rjri +.hc pnnt sf,-lone"









FRUIT INSECTS

APPLF

APPLE APHID (Ahi por DeG.)

Connecticut F.A-3thrtlet-, !bieptember 19). "The worst infostation of plantlice I have ever known, particularly on apples-"

Tennessee 3-Marcovitch (Octobe3r 18). "The oviparous females are beginning
to appear ax-A a f:ew are full grown. No eggs deposited as ye-t."

ROV Y APPLE APHID (Anurph ros-zus Ba-ker)

Tennessee S.Marcovitch (October IF)- 1'Wira7gd fall migranits were observed
on. a.pple toleth:er wit.h first stages of young oviparop-aforms.
A r-all miJgr.int was also fo-und- out of doors on narrow-leavad


CCDLI1G 12O4012 (Car'pecarga romonella Li.)

Illinois CdC-0=irPton (Septe-mber 15)_ "The s.,,:cond br ,od of the codling
Iotla has beien uvnErous in unsprayed orchards. Fifty to I00 per
cent of the apples are wormy. Teorchard~s in Cook County,
which were sEprayed July 15, are heavily infested; ca. some trees
90 par cant of the apples are wormy-"

W.?.F~lint% (October 20)- "~The weather was very favorable for ,Lte sacori.-.brood, a ni third-brood larvae, causing more than
norrnal d.:izga to fruit during- Aug'ast and September."

Washington E-J.NewVcor33r (October 10). "Tha insect appears to be much worse
as. cormparil with av-ragWe year, 221 par cant of the crop being
daaged.1

Oregon M-A-Yothsz (0ctr'oer 11). "Owing to a vary light crop of apples
and idea]. weather conditions for codliing-moth Jdevelornent the parcentar*3 of woray and stung fruit is very high this zo,_son2
dunning rona 50 to 90 per cant. PracticAlJy no injury occurred
aftar Sattembar 15. Uninterrupta4d. icelw3-ther throughout
the su=,,:r for moth vlmn h~s resulted in three broods,
the thirtL much lighter than the other two,:."

RAG iMOTH (?hobetron pithci.mn S. & A.)

Connectic.uat T.E.Brit:;on (October 24). '"This insect was found in Shalton,
Guilforq, and Gra-zns~arns. Rather more abundant than in anl
a~vera~ge ;fear-"

Georgia Oliver T- Sn, pp (October 5). "Some ornamental bushe;4 on lawns
of Fort Valley have been dafoliatad by larvae of t'he hag moth."


-266-








267
APPLE AND THORN SKELETONIZER (erohila ariana Clerck)

Massachusetts B.A*Porter (September 25)- 'Not noted in this section Huntington
and Chesterfield last year, and has probably reached this region
within the last year or so. Now present in small numbers.*

E*T-Fernald (October 20). 'The apple and thorn skeletonizer has
appeared at Amherst, and the moths were very abiundant on October
16 to 19. Their work has been observed also, to some extent,
but apparently is not abundant enough to account for the swarms
of moths. Mr. Bennett A. Porter of Wallingford has suggested
to me that it was very possibly a migrating flight northward
from Connecticut."t

A.G-Davis (Septtuber 15). HWEave not noted any eating birch but it has been causing considerable damage to apple in Litchfield
County."

W*E*Britton (September 16)* 'Commercial sprayed orchards not
much injured, unsprayed trees now brown. Less destructive than
last year in Greenwich and Stamford where the pest first appeared
in the State. Not serious around Storrs (J.A.Manter). Not
noticed around Rockville (EoE-Tucker).

FA*Eartlett (September 19)- *Trees thoroughly sprayed in spring
are in good condition with possibly a slight injury on the tips
of the later growth at Stamford."

E.*M Ives (September 20). 'One of the pronounced pests of late
season in Meriden.*

0.DuClark, County Agent ISeptember 21). "Reports this insect more prevalent than it was last year in the entire County of
Fairfield**

G*H.Hollister (September). I have not noticed that this insect
is vary general on apples at Windsor and Hartford."

Philip Garman (October 24). "Adult:rmoths exceedingly numerous
in September and October at New Haven~"

FALL WEBWORM (Qyhantria cunea Drury)

Delaware C.O.Houghton (September 1). eThe status of this insect is about
the same as during the average year."

FALSE APPLE RED BUG (Lygidi mendax Reut.)

Connecticut F-A-Bartlett (September 19). "Never had so much trouble with red
bug injury as this year, possibly due to the fact that there is
a limited number of apples in this part of Fairfield County, and
practically all knurled.









A IJFA47iOPPER (sTrecies undteinellld)

Oregon M-A.Yothero (Cz-trjber 17-)- oaes infestaton of a leaf~hopper in
the pas't five yesrs since the wutrhasc becn n,3rc- Iaxre of Newt ii
apples ha7eI~ aprpeararnce -n fiailt sT3ckad with leafhopper
excrcezent~ ncreased in nu.znrs ap to October 1-"1

SAN JOSE SCAIE (A iammus Cornst.)

Illinois W?Flint (October 30). "Dazage by thio scc--e has been much more
severe I.Ian us-ial throughout the zouth(-x'v. '~lfosorn.'rd districts.
Yzarc~ orchM ,is vl"-ere the scale h'as be-onr cY.I'zL o ,AtnA for a
rnn~nbor of years have hnad the f::xLiiI sario-Lsly daa-eCod from spotting
by the scala "r

Oregon M-AYotrers M-Ootober 11)- "In a grcd many orchards the loss fro-M
thiG inSe(;t was fi-cm 5 o !5 per cen~t, evi ;n whore spraying had been
dole. 'Thr- I-ec-t is no general over the va.lIey.

PLUM1 CURCTu7O(0 ~ tahah ~j~ Ebst.)

Connecticut W0E Darrow (September 21)- "A-pparently one of' Vne worst apple pests
in T. Ilajd amd New London Comv.tios this Y;- r ba -nr i-nach worse than
last year. Unsprayed apples damaged 100 per cefltPr71-1CH

A SAWIFLY Q-iocarrnfoicej sp.)

Louaisiana, T-H.3ones. (September14). "Lar~vae of this sawvfly causing not-'ceable
anovmt of damage to leaves, of peach trees in yards -In Baton Rlouge."

PEACH-TPE 30PFR (APatxit-osa Sa~y)

Georgia OLiver I. Snapp (October !9). "Thouasands of po-=.ds of paradichloro'benzene will be p~ut cut this )k y azoi-g;2 poach growers for
the peach 14 nM..y are tutking chazice3 on tree iinjug:r and us ing e
ratez-ial on yoizag t1c-aeee.'

SHOT-HOLE BOPIR (Sc~ohrtii s zlo Pat---)
Georgia Olivicr I- Sna-p, zobr9 'A-.'ul bark-b33tltos h-ebeen fa:?ding
at tha buLlds on po'ach t;7-=-: causing e--,udaxtion of z Tr Te btac as fre~o~t~jbeen r -de on healthy troePs, but ~17on thozni ar an old neglected orchard or strip of vvoodlandN'l

PLUM CURCIJIIO (Conotrachelus nern'ih.r IRbst-)

Georgia Oiver I- Snapp (October 7). "The first adult of the third generation
left the soil in the insectary today. This is believed to be then
first record of third-generation adults of 2C. n-enar7 being bred from peach. A large percentage of the adults in the field have not








269

entered hibernation quaj:te.,,,,s- Sore of the adults IV-bat t-ansform
late in the season mc k,: no attempt to work their Way, oii-t of the
soil, and it is 'boliev d th sc "Late beetles romflin in their
put-oc,! ce]13 during the winter and do not liberate themselves unt. 11

PUN

SYGWY TPEF CRICKET DeG-)

(0,-tober 19)- "Me sn--wy tree cric!7c t caused so f a7z-,d ii, t ng o -' pru-nLi-. in a co=ert;ial orch,.trd at
PArma, Dcc ,7 stai'ts -Ln f-4-;-d UanT punctu ,,3-s, Loss in orchard est"Miato(!. "ast 50 re this ye. "-r
jpp..- cent, but has not been so seve 11-,j beinr-D by earl.-Y freeze last year
-X; A
.3 %-; F r ia,, 1, les are
befo-e c r -a -L"a nOW neaVy vh aggs and are
probably ovipos-It-Inn-l"

SEl-7X achiTron Drury)

s C ons in S-B-7racker (A-rsoiist 10)- "Dazage slight but the 1L,,rge caterpillars
attr--ct:: d considera-bae atten-L'14=."

BTTj1
..17LE FLOTER BEEETLE L,

Michigan REoPettit (Sertember 27)- RI-he bumble flower beetles are causing '
more trouble tham usual this year in :,4ichigan wit.1-- ripen-4ng fruit."

GRAPE L=HPPEP c-, Sa -,,)

Delaware C*O3T1,/'ughton (August 1).- "Tbis insect -4.s re-ported fron, Newark Uni
is abo-a, the same as dii-ring ar. aTierage ye,4x*"
=1

+RUS

CIMRUS 7'.1TITEFLY (Di.alf-r-rol-gs cilri Ash-,

Louis iana T v H a i on a s 0 c t o b - r 1 C) du 1 t s w1h 21 c h I-- a d b e a n a bund, t f o.,- s or, e
time disa-pr-e-ared after cool sp-111 begir n:'- October E."

3 Ba rb e r

Canal Jares Zetok (Oct,-.)1er 6)v r, lirjA r-- r s,-ae Barber is ono of the
Zone mnst sar o"'JtF of a rocad ) frlai .. an- V
;z more abundan-- than it was last Year-"

AVOCADO STENOMA (StenoTra catt-rifpr Tals.)

Canal James Zatek (October 6)- "One of the two most serious pests of
7one avocado fruit; is very much more abundant this year than !as-v- ?7










T R UCK -C R0 P IJL S _CT S

1vT SCT.jLPNBOUS FTPTJPS

AL MYR2.APOD (Pcjhsco!LTifeocihctus Woo.) New York C-IE-Crosby (Septeaber )."Reported craxvling into vegetables,
boring ini and, doing a Tlar-e anount of daga.l

SAIJT.MARSE CAT2PPILLAR (st -re !:v:rapa Drury) Delaware 00 'tHca._t 7-n Vsrnteiber 2),D, "3-at fewv ex,--les of this species
hav_ boen cbs3e-rmi. here latoly~l POT:! TO

*TLLSE CHP 7i BUG (7v-ysi7 Prici, Schill.) Idaho Claude Wakelari (Septer-ibor- 26"", *11ll injury1 to potatoes from the
false chinch bug a atei ;y ceased si 'nc e t> cooler weather,
which has beer-, accoirparici by rain gene rally throughcut the
southeastern part of the State-'

T20NISLT PL~ANTBU ~ qL~s~t~sD Idaho Claude Wakeland (September 26). 'The tarnished plant-bug injury
to potatoes has apparently ceased since the cooler weather viz
has been accom anied by rain generally throughout the southeastern
part of the State-,

CABBAG~E

CABBAGE SNAM(Zlie--:i sp.') Indiana J-J-Dfavis (October 20). "The cabbage snake was first reported to
us 9his year on Septem~ber 30, attacking cabbage."

CABBAGE LOOPER (auto -ra _ha.b Riley)

Connecticut M*P.Zappe (October 6)- "This insect was reported from~ Hamlien,
Newv Haven Countytj

ZIM~tl CATERPILLAR (Mazni:stra nicta Harr.) Idaho Clauds Wakeland (OctoberL 19)- "T~qe zab:'a caterpillar is -itta.cking
cabbage quite freely in truck gardens in Canyon County-"

IMPORTIM CABBAGE TW- .2PtjA rara, L.) Georgia Oliver I- Snapp (October 9). "The cabbage worms appear to be
'unusually abundant on late cabbage in ga rdens of central G ,org-ia
this year, and considerable damage has resulied.-"



270







271



YEKICAN BEAN BPETLL (1-ail-all-Ina C. DKrUta

No rth Veal,-, F,11-wa-d "Octolor 7 "A report has becn rccoiv ,,i that
Carolina the Moxican Lean beet> has boen found in Maccn County."

Neale F.',Joward (October 21), t'Th(.4 ITexican bean beetle has
been rz portdd from Henderson, Jac?,son, and Transylvania
C o unt i e,3 "

Tennessee Nea'v 72',F iwafd (Spptem ,?r br ,-n receiver
that "-he He.t.ican bean tect'C, has bcon -4^ound in G.Laiborno
county."

Kenticky Peale F.How-ard ,Septenb(--X "Th- 1-!exican bean br etle has
b-n'nr found in A"-le.i. Bari-en Y, C.ca2f aiid I!onroe Counties.
f-u(1-,*_ng %%Ihij 4r-sect -1cuind in Hart County, but nu E;tage cf present at the tim-) of inspection."

Veale F.Poward ( ,Ict J.nr 7). "Groen, Eardin, Hart, Tjari -, and
TM-.r Crunties rep, _t Ynxican bean bc e-Lle in-.cstation. Tn
Ha7d--'-n and Hart Count-Ies thA -Insect wes ncv'- found, but evidence
ol feeding,."
C)

Neale F. Howard (' ,ctrtor 21)."Thir ITsxioan bean beetle has been
fcund in Fayette, FraziklinMa -icii, Washingtcn, and Wrcdfcrd
Ccunties.11

P or, A S

rEA ArHlD (111inoia-P.Lsi Kalt.)

Ilaryland C.C.Hamilt,-n (Sertember 26). Ny:iphs abundant, stunting of
g-rcwth cf term nals, also cu.14,ng b,,&*,nn-*.ng to sh-w in sims
fiolis. indication f,)r da: ,-,,,e later. Some
experimanta- dusting with nicstfl.rie du3t, alocut 75 per cent
killee, A f ew lady beetles wA sy;:ph-P.s were also
o bs e n,-c d "

CUCMIP', *R

WDED CUCUP-3ER PEFTLE ftia) erotica balt-ata Lcc.)

iUab ema & K.L.Cockerham Oct-ober 2.7), 11%-r- s-:n x-cus drainage than that Iliasissippi caused by any Diabrotica rf this section. This pest promises
to become one of the chief truclp-crcp pests r, the Scuth.",

Louisiana T.H.Jcnes (Octob-,, r 16). "Mults rf this species have continued
to bs noticeably atu-:xdant om various rsgstablc, c-cps since the
datc cf last repo t 'rbe,te=be: 15). it






27 2



7 TLO14 1F.HT D is 7 s i i G 1 o ve r

linbraska !,TJ4,SV.or1k (cctctcr 1). "In western. 117ebr3ska the L-elon anhid
was normally dcstructi- ,re, Lip to at least, the xnid-l, of the rronth."

1) ILI if F

SQUJ SH POPYR (",jittia-cat rf ,rillorriis Fuebn.)

Nobraska Y.H.Swenk ( Ictober 1). "The -ouash vine-1-orer was p,-rsistently
reported as injuring squash-c up to carly Se temblor "

TURNUP
21. L! o s :* n hug ra-s i Davis) TURNI P P THI D ( L-h, p 5 E ,,

Louisiana T.F.Jones (Octr,'Jer IFN, "beccning noticeably abundant as it
usually docs at this iu me each y(,:ar."

1"PT1111T 711P

ZEBRA C17ERFILLAR C-famestra picta. Harr.)

T,1
_aho Claude 17akel--d Ocptc'Tbep 26). restra oicta is inju.-iou.,
to a lirrited exterM upon sugar be, Ica- and tc a proater degree
up,, n lettuce.. it has 'Leen rc ported 'k-rcir. Franklin County,
Canyon CoLuity and Bingh,3L,. C o unt y.

CARROT PFFTLF (LJZyrus DeG.)

Idaho Claude Takelmd (Selrtcmbor 26). "A rest ;.-hich is proving to br
of consideraulo im.)urtance in restric-41-ed. 3.,,:oalities in this
State ir, the cari-ot beetle. L:;t-:Lrj1s DcG. It has be- n
reported iniu:--,oui +4 h,-ad iettu ;P ill k., IyJil ounty. Rercrts
coming frc.z and
farmers ind.icaCe that -.b,,ut cnp-thiri n-! -the stand was destroyed. in -cr-tain field ;, Injury is causeJ 11sy the .-Oults
eating, off the main .--lcw the surface of the grouiid."

PEI 0171T

A PRIONID BEETLE (H-Tapsthesis sp.)

ff
Louisiana T.H.Jones (September 8). bar%, ae sent in with report that they
were injuring peaauta in ne,,rly cut-cver pine lands."












SOUTHERN FIELDCR P0 IN SECTS



COTTON WOP (Alabama argillacea Hueba)

Michigan R.H.Pettit (September 27). "This pest has recently appeared
at South Haven, according to a report from 1Mr. Stanley Johnston,
Superintendent of the Experiment Station."

BOLL WEFVIL (Anthonomus g-anidis Bob.)

Tennessee S.Harcovitch (October 19), "Larvae, pupae, and adults were
discovered in an experimental patch of cotton on the grounds
at Knoxville. This infestation shows the remarkable power of the boll weevil to spread, for the nearest cotton patch as far as is known is located at Madisoennville, about 40 miles south."
































273 -










FOREST AND SPAADE-TREE INSECTS GENERAL FFDDFRSFALL VXFE77OR (Hahantia cunea Drury) Nebraska 11. H. Swenk (October 1). "Trh(e threatenedc defoliation of shade
trees by the last brood of the fall welm-orn did not develop writh
the expected severity."

FOPFST TEN T OPTIMPILLAR (Kan~os ora dJiss tria Huetn.)

Tdaho J. C. Evenden. "Tvcry shrub in northern idaho was heavily att-acked
this insect during the pas", season, an increase of 100 per cent."

L INTJEN"

HICKORY 1,PHID (Lovsti ma esirv ae Harr.) New York C. R. Crosby (Pu-ust 11) "Infected specirens of bass, ood -7rerc
rec--ivpd f:cor Han'_urg on this da-te."

SUGPPLBrFT'RY TREB

BPRIIA CLE SCALE (Ceroola-Btes cirrinedifornis Cornst.)

Georgia 0. I. Snapp (October 9j). "This sc2.le is killing Traxly sugarberry
trees used for shade purposes in the City of Colunbus, Ga. Most Of the infestations have reached the encrusted stage.. Residents
are making an ef fort to have the city authorities undertake control
reasures.1

JUNIPER

JUNIPER '17,E7ORMW (Ypsolorhus znar7-inellus Fab. Missouri L. Haseman (October 7). "Our attention has been called to only
one infestation by this webworn in the State, but on soire of th'e
Irish Junipers considerable danrage has been done."

BI P K

BIRCH LFAF-SKF1YTONIZ1R (Eutcculatrix canadpnsizella Charb.) Wisconsin Sizron Flaloney (Septeriber 20). "This is said to be a new pest
herc. Birch leaves are skeletonized throughout northern Varinette
County."

BOXELDEP

B;OXFLDFR PLAI'T-BUG (Leptocoris trivittatus Say)

Indiana J. J. Lavis (October 20). "The boxelder bug was reported,
September 29, fror~ Linden, as a ost of considerable an~noyance
in houses."

274 -









towaa C.N. Ainslie (Octobe' 11)~ "There bn~s been a marked increase in the
numbers of the boxelder bug di.1rig thp. past year and at this date the
adults are swarming everywherR_. Besides the damage they may do to
trees they a-re a great nuiuarlce, invading houses and colonizing in
porches."

CATAIJ A

A If2'AIYBUG (?zoeudococ cus comstocki Kuw.)

ewYork E.P et(et~ir2). "Specimens just at hand indicate an
unusual abundance of~ what is presumably the Japanese mealybug on
catalpa, at Nor'th Pelhamn. Westchester County, the crevices of the
bark and holes in the trees leing more or less filled with a white, mealy material containing irrmense numbers of the minute, yellowish
orange larvae."



~L2AL&A-Di~TLE('alerur'ella lu-t-ola Muell.)

Nw Jersey C. E. Cotdl ("Ouly 25) "Tnis irect was found attacking elmn at East
Orange.,, (August 7). "E4m ltpea found to be attacked by this insect
at Ifontclaii7."

;ZLM DDRER (~a~rati~naaOli.)

Nbraska M. H. swenik .(O!tober 1). "'S erious injury to~ elmse and poplars by
the elmn !oeir eon-'4.U-jed -Lhrcugh the mzrth."



LARJCH CASE-BEARER (Cc'leorhom. ari~ce l Huebn.)

LangH. B. Pierson (August). "Intestation by the larch case-bearer is
assuming epidemic form. Latrge ar-eas of larch appeared as if struck
by fire early in the season.*

11 AA?1

A, LEPIDOPTERON (IParacLocmeii anerif oliella Fitch)

N~ew York E. P. Felt (Septemnber 23). "This insect hais been loc lly abundant
and somewhat injur.Ious -to sugar maples in both St.* Lav~rence and Warren
Counmties ."

MIOLLY MAPLE-LEAF SCALE (Phenacocecus aericola King)

Cnnecticut W. E. Britton (October 24). "This insect is attacking sugar maples about Bristol, New London, Streatford, Glastonbury, and New Haven."

CO ITONY PVAPLE SCALE (Pulvnari.a vitis L.)

lw Jersey C. E. Cobb (June 25). "This scale is attacking maples at 1 aplewood."
(June 28). "It is also attacking maples at Wstf ield."




.. ......... ............




2,174



POPLAR PORER %f-1 -RrA:ta Say)

NebraskgL IT. H. Swenk (October 1). inj,iry to P.irc and poplars by
the pcplar borer 6ontirued t"., ro.yt- k1.10



SPRUCE BUM7011" Clem.)

T aine H. B. Pie---son (July 19221. -he of lhill pcst is wanir,-!,
but was undoubtedIv, olle. of tl.' -;41 North
Americ.-a. The budvioD.--m w follmod by 1,e ck-bot ,tieo ar-d fur.g&. Yore
then -03-1/3 re.r ce'-It 0&

Idaho J. C. E, n (jun 3,-rl Jn the r-rthc-n
4
half of t-he ottyL,, 11pvF. 'c n S r 10 r 1 v curan- the past scasor,
by this insect.

PINE LEAF SCj4L71, 7 sh

Indiana J. J. 'Devis (00tub- z 220) '7'?-' -it ',;,-as SunT, sec ly this in.se, t has
teen reported as spru an.j 7; 1,V11a

T'

311PORTED POPLAR !TD T'-711C7 B-,L-L TUE Lai,-h)

New Jersey C. E" Cobb (,July 11) a.;.-e bo'.ng whacked by t'ni3 beetle
at Hillside.:,










GREENHOUSE AND ORNA!"ERTAL

PL A NT N S E CTS



JAPANESE 13E'TLE (Poiia ovi.-ca Newm.)

New Jersey (B~ur. Ent. News Letter N~o. 101, Se~teznber). "Recent preliminary
examinations for the presence of Jzapanese beetle larvae in ficids in the vicinity of the laboratcry chicw a hoa-vy increase in the number of grubs compared with the numbe:%- p:..esent a year- ago this timf;, in
some cases ~iruniig P-s hi.gh1 s 10O pex, corv or. moro inc;'e-ase. It is
expect-e-l the;t -1the eua grub survey to be zade a little later in
the fall will show; a gene ral .nc rcas e in density of grub infestation
throughout the infestCed territory az a whole .'

4- A serious injury to a number of the greens in local gclf courses,
as a result of the aba-lnco of Janxaneoe beetle lainrac, has been
found. The g--,eons of' 'er J-Aeal- 'ac ities f cr egg de stiosb
the beetle during the seozon, and it is quit-e appai-ent that the effect of these heavy P~g depositions will be serious, possibly
necessitating the robuildJing of infested greens."

C0TTCN I1!EALYBUG (Fsoiudococcus citri Risso)

Indiana J. J. Davis (October 20). "The usual numerous fall reports of
inealybugs on coleus and other house and garden plants have been
received the past zrcnth."

COSMOS VTEEV2L (EVZ. c, nfinis Loc.)

Michigan C. A. Weigel (ot -bo; 2)1. "Kport on econ~os weevil was recei-v ed
from Detroit as attackinc- -oots and top of~ stall:s of helenium,
eventually destroying the enti-ie -14op of the plant if not checked."

STALK-DORER IP'i;c~.

Ohio C. A. Weigel (October 02). "~This irect i--, reported from Columbus
as seriously inj during iu blaorn.
MARGUErp-IT1E, FhY (&.e Mall.)


Pennsylvania C. A. Weigel (Octobe--- 2). "R~epor-t -n 21,Tromyza rnaculosa (!Valloch)
as a very serious pest in Kreenhouses at Parker Ford, Pa. Specimens
of leaves were sent in with dead spot, each spot containing one
or more little worms which had eaten b tween the -two layers of
leaf ."

tSTERS

A KITYDID (iAicrocentriim sp.)

Pennsylvania C. A. VWeig~LA (October 2). "R~ecord of this species occurring in
Reading, Pa., as attacking asters. Received specimen of aster
stem which was infested with eggs of katydid."
-277-








FERN

HMISPHERICAL SCALE (Saisetia hemisphaerica Targ.)

Louisiana T. H. Jones (October i0). "Specimens of amidenhair fern were sent
in from Alexandria, La., with request for repdy."

j FERN CATERPILLAR (Callopistria floridensis Guenle)

Louisiana T. H. Jones (October 12). "Larvae were sent in from Donaldsonville,
La., with request for information as to control. What is probably
this species has also been reported as causing injury to ferns in
Baton Rouge."

CHRYS ITFDUM

CHRYSANTHMW!IUM GALL-FLY (Diarthronomvia hyMoeaea L.)

Illinois C. C. Compton (September 29). "This gall-fly is causing severe
injury to chrysanthemums in one greenhouse at Aurora. This insect
was brought in on a shipment of chrysanthemums frorr Lincoln, Ill."

Mississippi D. W. Grimes (Quarterly Bulletin State Plant Board, Vol. 2, April
to July, 1922, Nos. i-2). "Specimens of chrysanthemums severely infested with the chrysanthemum gall midge were recently received
from two greenhouses in Mississippi. In both cases the plants had
been purchased originally from firms in Illinois. A few days later
five infested shipments from Pennsylvania vere intercepted. This
is the first recorded occurrence of this pest in this State."

SPITTLE INSECTS (Cercopidae)

Mississippi K. L. Cockerham (October 16). "These insects were on practically
every stem of a patch of chrysanthemums in Biloxi. Considerable
damage is being done."

CYCL9,EN

CYCLA1TEN TITE (Tarsonemus v111j1us Banks) Illinois C. A. Weigel fOctober 2). "Reports of this mite from different
localities in this State were received." (October 30) "An individual
in Oak Park lost atout 10,000 cyclamen plants during the past sunrer
due to the injuries of this pest."
Pennsylvania 0. A. Weigel (October 30). "This pest was recently reported from
Philadelphia, Pa., as injuring snapdragons."

IVY

IVY SCALE (Aspidiotus hederae Vallot) New York C. R. Crosby (August 31). "This scale is infesting ivy about New
York City."









VIGNOL: A

MAGNOLIA SCALE (Neolecanium col'ntAraryurn Thos.)

New York C. R. Crosby (August 17) "Infestced specimens of magnoe~lia wero
received f rum L't. Vernon.'



A LEAFHOPFR (Gra~hoce-,Aala rcoccin2~a For-st.)

Nebraska 1'. H. Swonk (October 1). "In Lancaster County, durinf7 the middle
of September, there was sore injury tc rose foliage kty this
leafhopper."

Rom~ AirG1E (Dasvyneura rhodophaga Coq.) Virginia,
XW York, and G. A. W~eigel (October 30). "Reports have been received recently Pennsylvania from these States of serious injuries due to the rose rid-o, rsyjue
rh1,doph4;g (Coq.) t



ORCHID FLY (D-iu :.)a (Tsosora) orchidearur, Vestw.)

Missouri C. A. 7eige. (October 30). "This pest is reported from Ft. Joseph."

Massachusetts C. Ai. '17eigel (October 30). "This pest is reported from Naharit,
Mass., as doing serious injury to orchids."








INSECTS INFE S TING DOMEST I C ANII ALS

HORN FLY (Haematobia irritans L.)

Texas F. C. Bishopp (October 28). "Horn flies have not given the usual
amount of trouble to dairy and range stock this fall owing to continued
dry weather. The average number of flies per animal on dairy herds
in the vicinity of Dallas ranges from 10 to 300."

HORSE BOT-FLY (Gastronhilus intestinalis DeG.)

Texas F. C. Bishopp (October 28). "This fly has increased in numbers
materially during September and is still depositing eggs in great
numbers at this date."

Maryland J. A. Hyslop. "This insect has been more troublesome this year than
during the past three years in southeastern Montgomery County. Clipping of the eggs from horses was necessary up to the middle of October."'

NOSE BOT-FLY (Gastrophilus nasalis L.)

Texas F. C. Bishopp (October 28). "The nose botfly began to appear in th&
vicinity of Daliss in August and became very numerous toward the latter
part of September. They are still annoying horses to some extent on
this date."

SCRE7WORT (Chrysomva macellaria Fab.)

Texas F. C. Bishopp (October 28). "'1r. D. C. Parman reports comparatively
few cases of the screvwworm in live stock in Uvalde and adjacent counties.
There were more cases in September and early October following shearing of sheep and goats in the hilly country north of Uvalde than with many
other classes of live stock on the ranges to the south. Yr. 0. G.
Babcock reports very few cases of the screwwvorm in Sutton and adjoining
ccounties this fall. This is due to drought, the flies being practically
killed out during the summer months. Screwworm flies are comparatively
scarce in the vicinity of Dallas, and cases of screvwworm injury very
few."

BROWN DOG TICK (Rhinicephalus sanguineus Latr.)

Texas F. C. Bishopp (October 28). "This very troublesome pest was found
for the first tume in Dallas this fall. It was not known heretofore
north of San Antcnio. In this instance the infested animal was
introduced from South Texas several months ago and the ticks have been
thriving and multiplying here."











280 -








INSECTS INFESTING HOUS ES ANTD PR F'ISSE

HITE ANTS (Reticulitermes flavipes Kol.)

Idiana J. J, Davis (October 20). "Injury to wood-iork in a dwelling by
white ants was reported October 10 from Peru, the northarnrost point reporting injury. The white ant is an annual pest in the southern
end of the State."

BOOYTOUJFE (Atro1os divinatoria !uell.)

ndiana J. J.Davis (October 20). "Booklice are frequently retorted. One
report from Clinton on September 21 records a heavy infestation in
a hair mattress and furniture."

ebraska 1*. H. Swenk (October 21). "Excepting for last fall, stcred-rlin
pests are mo'e nur:erous in the farr granaries and sall elevators of
Nebraska this fall than for any tire during the past fifteen years.
In some cases the infestation includes psocids."

PRGFNTINE T (Iridvrmex hurilis Ya r)

exas F. C. Dishopp (October 28). "A rough survey of the area in the city
of Dallas infested by the Argentine art vwas mde during September.
There are now,, five different areas infested, totalling acout 114
clocks. A rough survey made in 1918 showed that at that time there
were at least 40 blocks infested."

HOUSE FLIES (!usca domestica L.)

exas F. C. Bishopp (October 28). "House flies have increased considerably
during late September and October, but they are less nurerous than
usual. This is probably due to the protracted surmer drought."

YELLO'-FEVER MOSQUITO (Aedes me ti L.)

ouisiana T. H. Jones. "The Louisiana State Board of Health reported, up to
October 21, 3,892 cases, with the number of infested areas placed at
40." (The cases referred to are of fen e fever).

'x. F. C. Bishopp (October 28) "rhile this mosquito was apparently no
more numerous than usual, much attention was attracted to it by the unprecedented outbreak of dengue fever which swert the South. The
epidemic began in the cities of North Texas e.riy in August and reached its height about September 15. "any cases continued to occur through
September and October, although the number of cases reported to the
Health Department dropped off during the latter ronth. During
August the number of cases reported in D.llwas was 54, in September 2, 882, and in October 540. At least three deaths due to dengue
with complications have occurred in Dalle The disease is no r:ore severe in Dallas than in any other Texas cities; Galveston, Houston,
Waco, and Ft. T7orth each had several thousand cases."




281-






UNIVERSITY OF FL RIDA 3 262 09244 5047