The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00010

Full Text










THE I BULL ETIN A RV




A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States





















Volume 2 September 1, 1922 Number 6


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY

U NITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE




T HE ST A TE E NTO0MO0LO0G ICA L
AGENCIES COOPERATING









JLAN











OJTSTA1MDNG ENTOMOLOGICAL FAUS FOR AUGUST,1922

The Hessian fly situation continues favorable ever the greater part of
the wheat belt. The preliminary survey in New York State shows a decrease of flax3eeds in stobble from 5.2 per cent last year to 1.3 per cent this year. Ov.r ....en ha.if of Ohio estubble infested with flaxseeds has dropped
to r ",. in the northwestern part of the State, however, the infestation ran s o 3 -7r cenp t,- fields planted after the fly-free date and 86 per cent
in early so..ngc. xLa Tlj ma the percentage of flaxseeds is low and parasitism heavy. nr Illin-is 9 I. ism ruts from 60 to 75 per cent with occasional fields showing 100 per cent of the pupari,. parasitized. In Iowa and North Da-ota a I. ge fall erzergence is anticipated. A very recent survey in northwestern it aas shows a decided increase of Hess.ian fly. In fact much of the ter.:it)c A never before been infest ed by this insect. From 5 to 25 per cent of the crop was damaged by fly this year. The outbreak extends from Osborne and Russell Counties to the northwestern corner of the State.

The Mormon cricket is r3ported as being serious in parts of Colorado, Utah, and Idaho.

The chinch bug situation, as a whole, is not as serious as anticipated earlier in the season.

The first record of the corn-leaf blotch-minar in Maine was received this month.

The velvet bean caterpillar appeared at Gainesville, Fla., about fifteen days earlier than last year. It should have reached the Georgia State line during the last week in August, though no reports to this effect have been received.
The cherry fruit sawfly has been reported fev the first tie a~s occuTiJ2 in southwestern Washington.

The black vine weevil has damaged cranberry plantations in Washington State.

The grape leafhopper is injurious in the Great Lakes grape region of Michigar\ New York, and Ohio.

Living Mexican fruit fly, Mediterranean fruit fly, and Papaya fruit fly larvae have been intercepted by quarantine officers at the various ports of entry in California during the past month.

The potato leafhopper is seriously abundant in Ohio and Much hopperburn
is in evidence. This 6earhopper is also reported from MichiganI Ne York, and the northern half of Indiana.

The worst outbreak of the false chinch bug on potatoes in the history of the State is under way in southern Idaho, according to reports from that Stat'e.


-193-








194The Mexican bean beete is causing hea, ~. -ge in Alabaa and Georgia
and locally in Tennessee and Kentucky. It has extended its range co.siderably this year. Twenty-four new counties have been infested in Georgia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, and South Carolina.

The boll weevil situation is but little changed roim st D month. eavy or increasing infestations are reported from parts of uNorth Catoi Mississippi, South Carolina, and Georgia, Mderate to light infestations cour in Tennessee, Arkansas, Oklahoma, southern Alana, aio Lousiana,6 and the greater part of Texas.

The cotton leafworm outbreak reported in the last number of the Survey
developed rapidly. The first larvae were reporu.1 from Hines County in southcentral Mississippi on July 21. The first-generation flight appears to have extended as far north as Dallas County in Texas, Desha County in Arkansas, and Oktibbeha County in Mississipri. The main flight seems to have t 2ea place prior to-the last week in July, as larvae were reported from these counties on July 31. By August 14, moths were found in Garvin Coaty, Okla, and Washington and Mississip;i Counsrtk. Inasmuch as nuoths of the second generation were found at Tallulah Lah on ~'ust 14, it seems that the first flight of moths did not extend farthe rc center Texas, southern Arkansas, and northern Mississippi, while the moths of the second generation had gone as far north as central Oklahoma and northern Arkansas by August 15.

The satin moth has become permanently established in western Washington.

The elm borer is killing hundreds of elm shade trees in the eastern half of Kansas.

An epidemic of the two-lined prominent on oaks is covering central North Carolina.

The worst outbreak of the pine butterfly ever recorded in Idaho is now under way. The larvae have completely defoliated about 14,000 acres of yellow pine.











INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN



Vol.2 September 1,1922 No.6

CEREAL AND FORAGE-CR 0 P INSECTS

WHEAT

HESSIAN FLY (Phytophaa destructor Say)

New York C.R.Crosby (preliminary survey for 1922). "S-rvey was carried on
in 14 counties in the western part of the State. The average
infestation in the 14 counties was 1.2 per cent as compared with an infestation at this time last year of 5.2 per cent. The county
infestations were as follows:

Per cent Per cent Per cent
"Niagara -- -4.4 Monroe - 0.0 Cayuga - -0.0
Erie - -6,5 Livingston .0 Onondaga - .0 Orleans - .5 Wayne - -3.3 Oswego - .0
Genesee - .8 Ontario .5 Tompkins - .8"
Wyoming - .4 Seneca - .0

Ohio T.H.Parks (August 1). "The Hessian fly is well under control in
all except the northern counties. The southern half of the State
has an average of only 3 per cent of the straws -infested. Early sown fields, wherever they were present, retained most of their
flies. The average percentage of straws infested in 15 early sown fields in 10 northwestern Ohio counties was 86 per cent.
The average percentage of straws infested in ?2 fields sown after
the fly-free date in the same counties was 18 per cent.'

Indiana J.J.Davis (August 1N). "'Although there is comparatively small
infestation of the Hessian fly and regardless of the fact that a
large percentage of the flaxseeds are parasitized, we will continue
to strongly urge the sowing of the wheat after the fly-free date.
We feel that this step is essential for satisfactory and continual
control."

Illinois W.P.Flint (August 17). "There is a general moderate to heavy
infestation in wheat stubble in the northern part of the State, with much lighter infestation in central and southern Illinois.
Percentage of parasitism apparently very high, averaging from 60
to 75 per cent with occasional fields running practically 100
per cent."

Iowa F.A.Fenton (August 18). JThe Hessian fly is very abundant and
all signs point to a very large fall emergence and subsequent
wheat infestation. Parasitism of this species, which for the past
few years has been negligible, is on the increase."









-196

North R.L.Wabster (August 15). "The more ~bic~ rairffaJ2 sya may
Da.kota have increased the second brood to lag nuhproori o0,
come troublesome. Reports of ts otacreceived fromMceze
and Williams Counties in the nr ter prt of the Stat,.. T
iist~ct is not cQ~aon in the springZ wht region."

Iraness J..14.cColloch (.August 26). L very recent survey in northwest-qrl
Kansas shows a decided incxrease of Hessian fly. In fact =0co
the territory- 7'as never A fr been infested by this ins t. Y'TroM
5 to 25 per -c3nt of t crop was damra ,ed by fly this year., Theoutbreak extends frmObraand ?~seICountiaz to the nortiiwestern corner of the at~



New York C.R.Cros'by. I cncin t e~a l survey, th
percentage i ~ainof this p-net was derr me z -o1 11

"Niagara -6.8 L-ivingston -1e9.3 Tompkins a
Erie -- 2,6 D~no- r Ci~yuga ~24.5
Orleans - 13.3 t7ayne - - - 7.6 0 zondaga --17.6
Genee - 23.8 Ontario -- --31.4 Oswego --6.0
WYoz4ng -- 19.2 Senec4 ---108

OThis gives a 14.3 per cant infestA- tion for the 14 co=tio
where counts were mzade,"

J0INT"ORI HN 'moia t2tc Fitch)

New York C.R.Orosby. wPreiijrj~ ointwvonxj survey in 14 iaster-n co'jnties shows an infestation of' over I per cant as compared wih2,2 per
cent infestation in 1921. The infa-station was higyhea Lkn t--a
northmvestern corner of the State# running as high =)as 6,F6 pa,-r cent
in Genesae. County, The percentage infestation in the centx' 2.
counties was aa follo,.vs:

%Ca7Vug4 - -. 1.1 Kiagarl a -- 2.2 Seneca -.
Er ie - -0.,0 Ononidaga.- -0.0 Tomxhkis- 0.0
Genee - 6.6 Ontario ~-0.0 WFayne. 1, 8
Livingston -0.2 Or~i .-1.8 Wyoming -08
!AqnL os.-- 0. 0 Cwg --0.0

Ohio T.H.Parks (August l)i. "The wheat jointworm was not injurious
4i any of the 31 counties visited."

Iowa F.A.Fenton and C.J,.Drake (August 18). "The wheat jointworcm
is bad in several counties, causing a large percentage of injured
wheat. Parasites Of this species are unusually abundant."











WEH-AT.SFE-ATH GALL JON'T"TORM (arjoita vginicola Doan*)

New York C0,R Crocby, C~ connection with the general wheat survey, thle
3rifest3.itiozn of wbneat stuibble by this insect was found to oe (),,7 wetI cent in the l.4 cc~ 7onwhicb wheat samples5
were received. The Infestation by counties was as follows:

*aa- 0.5 Niagara - .-0.0 Seneca - .0.0
Eri -i (1 0 Orsndaga .8 TomrTkins 4 0
Gct.~i, 0 Ontario .0 3b'.
LxvnFv;ton -.0 Orleans --.3 Won 0
Monroe .5 Oswego -.0

Ohio-' T.H.,Farks (Auguist 1)z "The wheat-sheath jointworm was found
doing some d,.=yje in the ncr:th..astern counties,, It was fou~d as f'ar ;-s a ; 'larz-ot County. This is the first record of
its be,,IZg tal~cn in Ohio."

MORMO CN CRkICKFIT (Anabrus srrv; h Haldj,

Colorado C.PCillette (July 15). 'This insect has been destructive in
Moffat and Rio 31anco Counties and has been very well controlled
where the poisoned. bran miash ha@. been used."t

Idaho Claude Wakeland (August 1). uThis pest is decidedly more abundant
than usual in Fcanklin County. A few grain fields have already been comrdetcaly destroyed and -ardens are badly infested, 'lle
eggs of tli. ~is are laid in the uplands bordaring cut-vae
dry-land farms. They are present in. lar,7e r~j--ers nr-rly e7?1Y
year buat do not always prove as abundant and in~i:zious as this
year.,"

FALSE WIRE WO FM (EJ~nd(,s his ilbis Say and E~carbnrv-iria Say)

Idaho Claude Takeland (August 1)c "Thi S insect is not a:, bucidnt a~s
it was during 1921 except in a few testrictec. lccotjitiess It i-M too &arly7 yet to estimate its ab2ndar--e in ca Y \s i t2
last year~ however. Adults of Say togan
emerging the first week of July andi a-ilts of Ec' Li~b
Say during the third week of July."'

A TRUE TIRnEOFRvI (Dalopius sp.)

.Utah I.M.Hawley (aiuly 18). "~In reF,,ard to the elaterid larvae sent
to you by Mr. Justus Stevens, of this department, I might say that it was collected in Eoytsville, Simit County, Utah, The field was broken up ls.fail Enrd planted to whcaxt after being
a pasture for about twenty years."1

CORN

CHINCH BUG fBlissus leuconterus Say)

New York C.R.Crosby (July 22), "This insect was observed killing grass
on lawns at White Plains."










Florida Jeff Chaffin (August 6). "Mr. Charles Stitts reports from Boyton
that this insect is ruining several lawns in the vicinity of this
town, the lawns being of St. Augustine grass."

Ohio *T.HPark. 'Spring barley was entirely destroyed by the bugs
in Paulding and Van Wert Counties, The northwestern counties
experienced the most serious infestation. Butler, Hamilton, and Warren Counties experienced. damage in a few places,; wig to Vey17 dry weather which left no grass in wheat st1tuble, Frauent rains
in July eliminated the damage in the central and northcentral counties by keeping the grass green in stubble fields, In Van Wert County 14,300 gallons of tar were sold to the farmers for making barriers. These barriers worked well. Probably 85 per
cqn) of the farmers vwho used them saved their grain."

Indiana J.JDavis (August 17), "If weather conditions are favorable we
na almost certain to have a very heavy infestation of shinch bugs
next year as we anticipate that large numbers will go into
hibqrnating quarters."

Illinois W.P.Flint (August 17). "The second brood is developing in about
normal numbers. Apparently will not increase much over 1921, In
all abut about 25 counties there is now slight to moderate
ipf!station,

Michigan R,1.Pettit (July 10). NI have just received information that the
chinch bug is on the rampage in the vicinity of Coldater and
that it has migrated from fields of grain already and has destroyed
fields of corn.'

Iowa F.AFenton (August 18), 'The chinch bug is apparently well under
control as no nww reports have been received during the past month,
and in counties where it was abundant methods recommended by the
extension entomologist have been very effective.'

Nebraska M.H.Swenk (August 1). "In northeastern Boyd County and adjacent
parts of Knox County cornfields were reported injured by the chinch
bug during the third week &n July when infested wheat was cut and
the mostly imature bugs were forced to migrate. The injury,
h9wqver, was not as etensive as had been expected.'

Missouri A.C.Burrill (July 26). "First flight noticed since April took place
on this dqte in Saline County."

CORN EARWORM (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)
Massachusetts A,I.Bourne (August 21). "Perhaps the item:: of prime importance
in this State in view of last years experience is a report from
Bksttel County of the beginning of the work this season of the
corn earworm, It is already doing considerable damage and looks
as though it might be even worse than last year.'









*-199New York H.C.O'Dell (August 5). "The corn earworm appeared en August
1 at Valley Stream in Nassau County. They are quite numerous
and will, no doubt, o great damage to late corn.w

Ohio T.H.Parks (August 1). 'By August 1, this insect was becoming
increasingly abundmt and injuring sweet corn,"

STALK BORER (Pa y nrfiiuen. ,var. nitela Guen.)

Maine E.M.Patch (July 17). "Reports of this damage so far are coming
generally from the vicinity of Portland."

Ohio T.H.Parks (August 1). wMore common than usual all over the
State, especially damaging corn."
Indiana J.J.Davis (Augugt 17). VThe stalk borer continues to be
frequently reported in our correspondence. However, at the
present time it is not doing any damage but is working in the
stalks of corn near the base, similar to the injury by the
European corn borer,"

Iowa F.A.Fenton (August 18), "The stalk borer, up until recently,
was still in the caterpillar stage and a large number of complaint
have been received about this pest."

ARMYWORM (Cirthis unizuncta Haw,) Nebraska M.H.Swenk. wDuring the last week in July the true a~yorm
put in an appearance in the fields of south-central Nebraska,
these being mature caterpillars of the second brood. The cool
spring and unusually moist spring and summer have been so
favorable to armyworm increase that heavier damage was expected
during early August than has yet been reported.'

FALL ARMYWO M (LahyMa fruierda S.& A,)
Florida Jeff Chaffin (August 10). 'This armyworm has not yet made its
appearance so far this year. This time last year it was present
all.over the State." .

Louisiana T.E.Jones (August 15). 'While no general outbreak of the g
worm developed on lands planted with crops following overfLows of the Mississippi River, recent reports received from various
parts of the State indicate that the worms are at present
causing noticeable damage in some sections though not necessarily in sections that were overflowed."

SUGAR-CANE BORER (Diatraea saccharaLis Fab.)
Louisiana T.H.Jones (August 15). "Complaints of borer injury to corn are
still being received, especially from the Parishes of East
Baton Rouge, East Feliciana, and West Feliciana."











CORN-LEAF BLOTCH-i'INER (Agro,.yza parvicornis Loew)

Maine E.M.Patch (August 19). "Report has been received from
Guilford tha this insect is badly infesting a 3/4-acre
patch of Gold3n Banteam sweet corn. Corn has been grown on this piece of land for a number of years but the damage has
not bean noticed heretofore, Many of the leaves are badly
mined."

CORN-SILK BEETLE (Luoerodes varicornis Lee.)

Texas M.C.Tanquary (August 14). "This insect has been reported as
dding serious injury to field corn in western Texas and has also
been reported as working on cotton."

CORN LANTERN FLTY (Paregrinus maidis Ashm.)

Mississippi R.T.Harned (August 17). "The corn lantern fly was abundant on
corn stalks sent in by .r. K.L.Cockerham, of the Bureau of
Entomology, from Biloxi. Last year numerous reports were
received in regard to the injury caused by this insect in the
southern part of this State."

PRIONUS GRUSS (Prionus fissicornis Hald.)
Nebraska M.H.Swenk (August 1). "In Johnson County a field of corn
that had been planted on sod ground was almost entirely ruined
by the last week in July because of prionus grubs, probably
Prionus fissicornis Hald,eating up into the bottom of the
cornstalk and an inch or two from the bottom into the heart
of the stalk."

ALFALFA

ALFALFA WEEVIL (Phytonomus posticus Gyll.)

Id(La Don 3helan (July 17). "Damage by this pest is very slight in
the eastern area of the State and most abundant in the southwestern corner. The parasite Bathylectas chrculionis is
spreading rapidly,"

California (Cilifornia Weekly News Letter, Volume 4, No.32), "The Bureau
of Plant Quarantine, Cilifornia Department of Agriculture, reports
the finding of the larvae of the alfalfa weevil at 3ridgeport,
California. Adult weevils have been taken at the State Line
in the effects and bedding of auto campers."

YELLOW-STRIPED ATA"DICM (Prodenia prawfica Grote)

California E.O. Essig (July 31). "This insect has appeared.for.the first
time as a serious pest in the San Joaquin and Sacramento
Valleys. It had been quite successfully controlled by the using of bran mash, open furrows, irrigation ditches, and cutting of
the crop."








-201


GA.1DF M Xo', (L oxsige .

Indiana J.J 1> v5s (-1gx-nst 17). 4'PCo]1'ow ou ~srp0 oc 7f
wevor A~~; 7rin -4.ag outw c~~~~Q
as to he P_ :e~ of thi4 sc insetinaoxiL cdt
i~~e )Qm~~t. Joseph. In adl. c ke d.
However no recvots have been received ic ~eedQ

BLISTER BEETLE~ (Meloia)

Kansas Geo.A&flean (Auagust 16). '"During the last two wee %%wa ha Ea
received a good many reports of blister beetles ..ntjuxing alfalfa
and sczs of tbxe garden crops. The oncinones in the westernl
part of the State are species of Macrobasie., one of the most
coirnon being unicolor. The coma~on one over the eastern half
of the State is -Fj jauta j,-cataFab,

SOY BFAINS

*SOY-BEAN ROOT CURCULIC ~ n cti~a Hbst.)

Illinois W.P.Flint (An~gust 17). ttThe Sitona ti~t haps. x'or(lf 1
June and July Survey Bulletina).- on soybeans NL&0 L
State in 1~920. Twvo reports, .,f damage bot of vh in
vostigated, ware received that 'year and n-umbers, of .,he u
beetles we re taken from soy-beans in -be injured f ieldz. These were identified, at that time as 2ions hjsj dujs Fab, Both
of these fields were in clover aod broken in the spring ani the
injury was the same in all respects as that o ccnrr5.rg in Illinois
this year. 'Ikv-ra can be little dbtthat the skeiswas the same, If this proves to be gj~nita it seems probable that it
has been established in Illiino- for at least three years.'



7fjDWPEA~ CUJRCJIO (Chalcodermus ae-neus o.

MisS:5SPp R.W.SHarnsd (August 17). wGowpea pod weevils were recel.e in
large numbers from Marshall County, where they were collected
on cowpeas, and from Tunica County, where they were t,:tken
from cotton,"

L1ESSER CORN STALK-BORER (Eamiatus1~nszisZall.)

Florida Harold Nowry (August 1)* "This insect was observed for the first
time attacking cowpeas at Jacksonville todayy"

VELVET-BEAN CATFYRPIMIA.R (Anticarsia _PrnatilisEubn.)

Florida Jeff Chaff in (August 1), '"This insect appeared at Gaiesville
today, this being 15 days earl: or than it appeared last year,,
It should reach the Georgia Stat line by August 25.'











WHAT-HEAD AHYLA731 OP (Be2Jobhila ajbilinei.iuL.

Iowa GX Edle-r (ur uof Mark~ts, August 14). "Our corr~spondLnt h43
just completed a survey of the timothy seed situation in southcentrail Iowa an finds that the hea d worm is quite abundant but no t serious enough to occasion cutting of the timothy for h lvi'1

SORG.HUM 7WOR11 (2CeL~ sorg~aiehI Riley)

Missouri LjiHean (June 30). "lThis ins--ct is more abundant than usual
in Cape Girard3au County, As soon as the volunteer rye heads
have Passe~i tb-,, miL stage it turrfPits attention to timothy
seed hed.

G77T 1,R .L FETEBS

GASHOPP71-t (A(-cxLiudae)

Missouri L.Haseian (July 2&). "ThLa differential. grasshopper h.,,- bceen
much worse th..Ln usual in place in central2 and eastern
Missouri this ya~r, It is not, however, a general scourge
as in some years,"l

Mississippi R.W.Harned, "Grasshoppers, aspacially~eanAff ;,rentia-,Jia Thos. -And Schistcgj~ amer-icar-a Druzy, are
more abund~ant than usual in Mississippi this summer, These re q ts come esps-c.ldly from tha northern half of the St-2tte

Colorado CP.cGillette (Jul.y 15). "Acording to MrXCjLCorkils, the
only gutztanciing sp: cies so far hazs been Mel1ano-Plus
bAivitattus Say with M. fe:-=-rubrum DeG. Li. atlaniz Riley,
a.nd M-. nukr Scud. present in modn-rate nub~rs. The
differential1 grasshopper has not been abundant in ainy locality that ha,,s come under our observation this sum~cr.
We h"Ve, been sanding out l-arga, quunitities oJI. conlcentra~ted crude white a rsenic ,,zoyl acetate, and salt for use by the
farmers and so far with viery satisfactory r3sultS."

Idaho Cla4ude W-skel-ind (July 25). vGras shoppers ax doing about th
aveage zount of' damage to alfal1fa xd grain th~is y3x
damn),ge taost severe over the southern third of the Stc- n
in the two northern most counties. In the northern outbreak about 90 per cent of the hoppers were Can2nula pellucida Scud,
arcco-rding to Mrnla,

WEI TE q1UB (BM- 1opha~ sppj

Nasqbuet Av4(Jouxne (P,,gu~t 4). OT7#lte grubs &r-, rapo~rte4 tip wi ro
A43itol County- az qqlpg q,4t serious inury to the bA#j'TPP
ond~ corn, pot-atoes, and strawberries. In some cises V;hey have
Tactically ruj4 th1e cropa,n











Bbo de I slandi A.EaStene -."gust 3) IfIn my e~psrietce thave never soan
white grubs in su6h Tige number.-. P'rom one to tVso dozen
larva ae would be found in every hill of corn in places. A number of reports of a similar nE ture were reported from other parts of the State, The outbreak investigated was
along the eastern border,"

Indiama IJJ.ais (Atgtust 17), WThuring hepast month w~egrubs
have been reported from c entral LZdiana, theconx y
injured being grass of golf crestrawberri-,e5s, ye> .b crops, and i greenh9use, benc-h :ofl

Nebraska M,.Swer-i (August 1). "White Pub6 have beean reporte-d.
reppoeety as de-stroying strawberry beds, espc fl hose set out thsspring in various parts of' easts- -nNbasa an i r ba there ".i Deen some ii jtwy to e~~&vf3
ThSiziu~ry to la~wns began to show ,u in tihe eko


North RfL.Webstar (August 15). 67rhite glx. b- :are repoi.ted as
Dakota seriously daz.aging pot4toes in B- rne,, and P~b iCount-ias,
In teBtrnes Co nty ouitbrc3ak. injury occurred a fi id
tha~t ivas in whea.~t in lk2l and for severLl years pr, v.:
There -rs no tree3s ne,-x this field.'







FRUIT INSEC-TS

APPLE

APPLE APHID (Atphis 2omi DeG.)

iew York C. R. Crosby and assistants (August 5). "During the latter part of
July the green apple aphid developed to a; dangerous extent in eoL1
orchards in Orleans and Monroe Counties. They are still preSCnIt fin
some orchards in Monroe County."

CODLING MOTH (CarpocDpsa nomonella L.)
|ew York L. F. Strickland. "Emergence of the codling moth was practically co=pleted on the ridge and escarpment by June 25 throughout the rest of
the county,. 'Ea the north moths continued to emerge until July 7. On
July 5, parasitism of the codling moth eggs by Trich2rarma minutur
Riley began with 9 per cent infestation, and by July 7 had reached 50
per cent infestation in one orchard."
C. R. Crosby and assistants (August 12). "The codling moth is developing very slowly because of cool weather. Late hatching of the first
brood still continues along the Lake Shore."
P nnsylvania S.W. Frost (August 15). "Examinations of the drop fruit show a large
percentage of moth injury this summer. Most of the moths entered the
calyx end of the apple. The amount of side worm injury thus far has
been slight."

Illinois S. C. Chandler (July 31). "Apples on unsprayed trees average 13.6
per cent infested with second-brood larvae. Worms hard to find in
sprayed orchards ."

Washington Bureau of Entomology Monthly Letter No. 99. "E. J. Newcomer reports
that the Bureau's efforts in importing codling moth parasites from the
east for establishment in orchards around Yakima, under nay for the
past two or three years, have been successful, in the case of one
species at least, assus carocsa'e Cushman which has been secured
fromA band material collected last fall.'

FRUIT-TPRE LEAF-ROLLER (Cacoecia aravrospila Walk.)

New York G. E. Smith. "Leaf-roller moths were found unusually abundant in a
pear orchard during the early part of July. Their injury is apparent
on many apple orchards throughout Orleans County."

RED-BANDED LEAF-ROLLER (Eulia velutinana Walk.)
Pennsylvania S. W. Frost (August 18). "Abundant izi the third generation, the larv
producing fresh injury on the fruits of apple."

TENT CATERPILLAR (Malacosoma americana Fab.)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (August 21). "As was to be expected from Indications
this spring, the egg masses of the apple tent caterpillar are showing
up in much greater abundance than usual."

-204-






-205

FALL WEBWOW (Hphantria nea Drury) iane E. M. Patch (August 3). "The fall webworms are abundant in Penobscot
County at present."
assachusette A. I. Bourne (August 21). "In the vicinity of Ainherst these insects
appeared to be in much greater abundance than usual. Reports from
the eastern part of the State, however, indicate that they are approximately in normal abundance."
Cansas G. A. Dean (August 16). "The common fall webworm is appearing over
the eastern part of the State. It is on apple, mulberry, elm, and
plum."
:ississippi R. W. Harned (August 17). "'The second generation of the fall webwor,
is now beginning to appear. The first generation was so abundant
that these insects will undoubtedly Cause serious damage in this State
if natural enemies do not hold them in check."

YELLOW-NECKED CATERPILLAR (Data minist Drury) New York C.R. Crosby (July 26). "Infested material was received from Croton
Lake today."
Nw Jersey R. B. Lott (August 3). "The yellow-necked caterpillar was reported
as injurious from New Brunswick."
Iowa F. A. Fenton (August 13). "The yellow-necked caterpillar has been
the principal leaf-feeding species this season."

FALSE APPLE RED BUG (LvEidga mendax Reut.) Pennsylvania S. W. Frost (August 15). "The drop fruit showed considerable injury
by this species."

SAN JOSE SCALE (Asvidiotus Derniiosus Comet.) Pennsylvania S. W. Frost (August 15). "This insect has been noticeably scarce
this season, especially on the fruit."
Uississippi R. W. Harned (August 17). "The San Jose scale is probably abundant
in every county in Mississippi. During the present summer we have
received the normal number of complaints in regard to this pest."

SCUIWFY SCALE (Chionaspis furfura Fitch) Pennsylvania S. W. Frost (August 15). "This species is much more in evidence in
orchards of Adams County than the other apple scales."

Rhabdopterx DiciRes Oliv.
New York P. D. Rupert (July 15). "This beetle has caused considerable injury
on Ben Davis in some orchards in wayne County. This year the line did not do so much good as it did last year owing to the heavy rain
which fell at the time the beetles were working."







-206

APLE FLEA-EVXILS (Orchestes pallicornis Say and 0. canus Horn)

Illinois S. C. Chandler (July 31). "Practically all weevils are now in
hibernation. One weevil was observed on a tree at Olney today." U.ichigan R. H. ?ettit (July 18). "This insect was very plentiful on the
foliage of a single variety of apple at Augusta. The beetles had
eaten pits in the under surface of the leaves not quite coming through
to the upper surface. It seems to confine its attack to Northern
Spy, as other varieties tere eaten very sparingly on adjoining trees."

RED SPIDER (Tetranychus telarius L.)
Iassaehusetts A. I. Bourne (August 21). "Considerable bronzing of ornamental and
fruit stock is noticed as a result of these pests. Damage reported
from practically all parts of the State, not as serious as usual,
probably owing to wet season."

California E. 0. Essig. "This insect has damaged from 10 to 20 per cent of the
crop in the Sacramento Valley. It was effectively controlled by
using liquid lime-sulphur, soluble sulphur, and wetable sulphur,
sprays and by dusting with flowers of sulphur."

PEAR

PEAR THRIfPS .....
New York G. E. Smith. "Found rather abundant in many young apple orchards in
Orleans County early in July."

PEAR PSYLLA (Psyll Pyricola Foerst.) New York P. J. Parrott (July 15). "In one orchard the pear psylla is very
abundant and has already caused very much discoloration of the foliage
and fruit."

L. F. Strickland. "The second-brood nymphs had completed their
appearance in Niagara County by July 8, and heavy lime nicotine
sprays were applied."

PEAR-LEAF BLISTER VITE (Eriophves L Pgst.)
New York C. R. Crosby (July 20). "Infested material was sent in from W7ellsville."
Iowa F. A. Fenton (August 18). "The pear-leaf blister mite inpeared in
several nurseries and is reported to be quite serious."

QUINCE CURCULIO (Conotrachelu crataei alsh)

New York E. 0. Shear (July 2). "The quince curculio has been a serious pest
in a few pear orchards."






-207

PEAR AND CHERRY SAWFLY (aLiroa cerasi L.)

Idaho Don B. Whelan (July 25). "This pest is much more abundant than it
was during 1920 and 1921. Very few trees in southwestern Idaho are free from infestation, and some are nearly defoliated. The defoliation has seriously affected the vitality of the trees in certain
districts and undoubtedly will reduce the crop next year."

PEACH

PEACH BORER (Aeeeria exitiosa Say)

Mississippi R. W. Earned (August 17). 'The peach borer is causing about the
usual amount of damage in this State."

California (California Weekly News Letter, Volume 4, No. 32 & 33). 'County
Horticultural Commissioner for Kings County reports intercepting 10,000
prune trees from Oregon badly infested with the peach-tree borer, a
pest not known to exist in this county. One of the infested counties
of the State had placed a pooled order for more than 3 tons of paradichlorobenzine to be used to control this pest."

SHOT-HOLE BORER (Scolvtus rugulosus Ratz.)

Indiana J. J. Davis (August 17). "Shot-hole borers have frequently been
reported from all parts of the State during the past month. We are receiving no reports of injury from well kept commercial orcha-rds."

Kansas G. A. Dean (August 16). '"Over the entire State the fruit-tree barkbeetle is seriously injuring cherry and plum.'

Mississippi R. W. Earned. "Barkbeetles, probably this species, have been reported
as seriously injuring peach trees, at numerous places in this State."

ORIENTAL PEACH MOTH (Laspeyresia molesta Busck)

California (California Weekly News Letter, Volume 4, No. 32). "Port inspectors
of San Francisco intercepted a lot of Japanese pears infested with
lepidopterous larvae. Specimens sent to Washington were determined
as the Oriental peach moth."

A SAWFLY (Tenthredinidae)

Mississippi R. W. Harned (August 17). '"awfly larvae have been received from
Wilkinson County where they were reported as defoliating eah rees."

CHERRY

CHERRY FRUIT FLY (Rhagolelis cingulata Loew)

California (California Weekly News Letter, Volume 4, No. 32). "This insect has
been intercepted on shipment of Oregon cherries. While this pest is
common in Oregon, this is the first time it has been brought into
California from that State."








CHERRY FRUIT SA7FLY (Hoplocampa cookei Clarke)

Tashington A. L. Melander (August 26). "This insect i been reported this
summer for the first time in Washington, from Everett."

PLUM

PLUM CURCULIO (Cot elus n naphar Ast.

Maine E. M. Patch (July 17). "The plum cuccu o is reported as abundant in
the vicinity of Portland in both plums and apples. It is abundant
all the way to Bangor."

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants. "This insect has been reported as doing
more or less serious damage from Genesee, Westchester, and Orleans
Counties. Practically the entire crop in neglected orchards was
ruined by this pest in the latter county."

Pennsylvania S. W. Frost (August 15). "Has not been as numerous on apple this
season as during the past two seasons."

Mississippi R. W. Earned (August 17). "The plum curculio has caused some loss to
peaches throughout Mississippi this summer."

CURR ANT

IMPORTED CURRANT WOR (Pteronidea ribesi Soop.)

Idaho Claude Wakeland (August 1). "This insect was so abundant in the
Rexburg district that bushes were generally defoliated and a few
people resorted to sprays in a community where they have heretofore
been remarkably free from insect pests.'

PECAN

PECAN SHUCKWORM (LasDevresia carvana Fitch)

Mississippi R. W. Harned (August 17). "The pecan shuckworm has been received
from numerous places in the State. Many reports have been received in regard to the shedding of pea-ns- Some reports indicate 90 per
cent of the pecans fallen. This oeems to be due to a combination
of several causes including especially the shuckworm, cean scab, and
black pit. In ne instance the pecn received were infested with
weevil larvae."

SPITTL-E INSECTS (Cerc dMississippi R. W. Harned (August 17). "Sevoral ixplints have been received in
regard to the injury of pecans by spittle insects."






i ....







-209


ENCJTS4 TLUT

COPLING MOTH onsar o;nella L.)

California (C-2iformi a Wky News Letter, -A..1,7 4, No. 33). "The firet
di.sco of27 OX h: ca:ing r oth on E lish milnuts in San D go County haP st 1C, mra>e An infested nuts coae from a small grove near ot: not as yet know how general the infestation is in that neighooY

CRAN7RRY

BLACK VINE WEEVIL (REEThlthiDR su catus Fab.)

Washington A. L. Melander (A2us, 5). 7nid eciles was found abundantly in
cranber:vr be e -"otern VUasii n he.ving completely killed
Out -ii3...anges of o r y pionts. La o of the ur-isually dry
season acorry cc:- hr been >;: to attribute the weakness
of t4a plZt d Qu..t t Ls 0: eve o 0. larvae in the soil
would, sec:unt for o .1ig end de:nik of the plants. The roots
hav.e hd the virippe from tItv, T is interesting to note
that we bare fofnd le.1v. o gyaigus as deep as 22 inches below
the surf ace in an apple orchard at Walla Walla last month."

GRAPE

$GRAPE PHYLLOXERA (Phylloxera vitifoliae Fitch)

New York C. R, Crosby (July 24). "Infested leaves were sent in from Schuyler
County on this drate."

Illinois W. P. Flint (August 17). "This insect has been reported from all
sections of the State and is very much more numerous than usual."

Iowa F. A. Fenton (August 18). "The grape phylloxera is the most
destructive insect to grape in Iowa this year."

Missouri A. C. Burrill (July 26). "One of the worst centers of the grape
phylloxera yet loe.sted in this St-te haes .en discovered in Saline
County. Thls insect in conjunction witIh kn leafhopper injured
80 per cent of the leaves. The crop does not seem to be damaged,
however."

GRAPE-BERRY MOTH (Polychrosis viteana Clem.)

Ohio (Bureau of Entomology Monthly Letter No. 99). "In Ohio and Michigan
the grape-berry moth has caused more than the usual amount of damage
to the grape clusters by feeding on the sterns and buds during the
blossoming period."

Michigan R. H. Pettit (August 21). "The growers are gaining control of the
grape-berry moth which is in comparatively small numbers si : our
campaign of the past two seasons."








GRA1,7 LEkV-[CLDEIXR (:mafurieralis Huebn.)

Kansas G. A. D- aa(~s 16). "In many parts of the State the grape leaff,- Id-r i~- Lrtm com-on on the grtip,- than I have ever known _-t to be
bef ora, !.1 g -i rs report nearly all the leaves inf ested.

Mississippi 3 17). "The grape leaf-folder has beon received
from ss-.rcsal points in this Sta te.'~

G,,, --BLOSSOm ITIDGE (,gntrinin. Ijn'trn Sling.)

Michigan (Bu.-eau of Entomology Monthly lit-) 1n. 99). "At Paw Paw bud cli;sters
iniosted with t4;e midge were 0. o ne .1 This insect had not
been reported previously f1rom that section."

GRAPE ROOTWORIF, (Fidia. viticida W7alsh)

Missouri A.C4 Eurrill (July 26). "Never have observed so ru .zingof the
leaves as was noticed in Saline County this month."

GRASSHOPPERS (Acrid jid ae)

California (California Weekly News Letter, Volume 4, No. 29). "County Forticultural Agent of Yuba County reports that grasshoppers were attacking
175 acres of newly planted raisin vineyard. Bran mash was Ear-'ied
immediately and some adjoining land was burned over. Splenuia ;ontrol
resulted and very little damage was done ."

GRAPE U%L- .Ci 1 (Ervrthroneura cowr,,s Say)

Massachusetts E. R. Farrar (August 15). "This insect is very much less abundant
than normally in Lincoln County."

New York L. F. Strickland (July 22). "Hoppers are e Tecially severe in many
vineyards, some being gray in color:. Onj J I~y ~-i K1 were beginning to appear, The irfpsztoi~~ U an'd 5
nymphs per leaf. Relati-jei 1 -w- ; ~~~:~.&>
application recommended for the infeitatie'i 01 JuLile2'i

A, L# Pierstorff (July 8). "Leaf hoppe.- nymphs have~ or Id in
large numbers in Monroe County."

O (Bureau of Ent."omology Monthly Letter No., 99) 1Mr. G. A. Runner
reports severe injury fron i-rape, leafhppe--I in vin-y7ard secticns
of New York, Ohio, and. Milgn7m'. )o-~r~v1; J~ tC! jr;-po ;i ,wrs
have commenced spraying operatiois Afor tne ctuLof cr.is pero ."

Miehigan R.F, Pettit (A:guet 21). "Mrc Ha'nwho lows j~ict returned frc,an examination of the vineyard in % h grapo. b. _Lt reports t:>-,
around Lawton aknd Paw Paw leafhopper-i are In.w'le nuarbers ..,n in the past. The later foliaiy,: looks hT i&grei .1 he
earlier foliage shows the efl >cts of the (_ J.-C.C.3 ic ~
to indicate very effective control by spraying.'







-211

Missouri At C. Burrill (July 26). "This insect is of but minor importance
in this State. I have not yet seen what might be called a heavy
epidemic."

CITRUS ANDT) SUBTROPICAL FRUITS

MEXICAN FRUIT FLY (Anastrecha ludens Loew)

California (California weekly News Letter, Volume 4, No. 33). "Quarantine
Officers a', n Fedro and San Francisco report numerous seizures of
mango,,*- o ange3, grapes, avacodo:, and sapotes from Central Pmerican
ports conta-i.nin. g living larvae of the Mexican fruit fly. Some
sapotes taken at San Pedro were shipped from Corinto, Nicaragua.
Upon examiracion 7 larvae of this insect were found in one of the
fruits. If these fruits were actually grown in Nicaragua this
is a most interesting finding since the fruit fly has not previously
been reported from that country."

MEDITERRANEAN FRUIT FLY (Ceratitis capitata Wied.)

California (California Weekly News Letter, Volume 4, No. 33). "Quarantine
officer at Los Angeles has taken many larvae and pupae of the Mediterranean fruit fly in an express package from Honolulu."

PAPAYA FRUIT FLY (Toxotrypana curvicauda Gerst.)

Canal Zone (Bureau of Entomology !onthly News Letter No. 99). "The papaya fruit
fly is very well distributed wherever papayas are grown. In some of
the papaya groves the damage due to this species amounts to 90 per
cent of the crop. In some parts of the interior of Panama it is impossible to grow papayas without having them infested, unles theO
very thick-fleshed varieties are grown. The picking and destroying
of infested papayas and allowing chickens to live in the groves are
the two most efficient control measures."

CITRUS BLACK-FLY (Aleurocanthus woglurni Ashby)

Canal Zone (Bureau of Entomology Monthly News Letter No. 99). "The citrus blackfly, introduced into the Canal Zone from the 7est Indies, is rapidJ
spreading, according to Mr. James Zetek. The pest is now -7)1
distributed for about 12 miles out from Panama City al:>n tY, Canal Zone, and has been introduced into the interior at Aguadulce. -wo
entomogenous fungi are following the black fly, but are not sufficient
to check it."

MEALYBUG (Pseudococcus sp.)

California (California Weekly News Letter, Volume 4, No. 33). "The first infestation of mealybug ever found in San Benito gs been discovered
on some ornamental shrubs."










TRUCK-CROP INSECTS

MISCELLANEOUS FEEDERS

BLISTER BEETLES

ihode Island A. E. Stene (August 3). "The margined blister beetle is reported
as attacking potatoes and a number of other crops so seriously thfat
growers are alarmed. This is the first time that serious damage
has been reported to this station."

Iowa F. A. Fenton (August 18). "Two species of blister beetles, Ericauta
cinerea Foerst. and E. vittata Fab., are unusually abundant, the
latter being reported from radish, lettuce, beans, turnips, tomatoes,
and melons."

Nebraska H. H. Swenk (August 1). "The gray blister beetle is reported from
eastern Nebraska as injuring potatoes, tomatoes, beans, turnips,
melons, etc."

Missouri A. C. Burrill (August 1). "Reports of injury are starting to come
in from these insects though they do not seem as bad as last year."

Mississippi R. W. Harned (August 17). "Blioter beetles have been reported from
several different places in the State as seriously injuring gardens.'

POTATO AND TOMATO

COLORADO POTATO BEETLE (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants. "By the end of July, potato beetles
were reported as being numerous in many fields in Monroe and Genesee
Counties ."

Idaho Don B. heland(July 31). "This insect was injuriously abundant last
year, but very few have been observed this year and they have done
no injury."'

POTATO LEAFHOPPER (Em-poasca mali LeB.)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants (August 12). "During the last few days
in July and the first half of August the potato ....... a-rd
burn were reported from many places in Onondaa, Konroe, and qtosau
Count~es. In Nassau County hopperburn is showing up in severe
proportions."

Indiana J. J. Davis (August 17). "The potato leafhopper is quite abundant,
especially in the northern half of the State."


-212-







-213

Ohio T. H. Parks. "These insects are very abundant on potatoes in all
parts of the Etate. Early varieties were killed by hopperburn before 1mauhrty late varieties now becoming affected even where
mul"; i :.:, sra and thus renAdered immune to drought. Spraying
deono.traticns with Bordeaux 5-7-50 showing up well."
Wichigan R. H, Pottit (August 15). The potato leafhopper is rather troublesomne ti i3 1er on potatoes and appearing in large numbers on alfalfa.
It sect? That af:.1fa, which for some reason or another lacks vigor,
is imdiey ata e-1 by the leafhoppers. In many cases associated
with the -rhopper injury is the leaf spot Pseudopeziza medicaRii."

POTATO TULER MOTH (Phthorimaea operculella Zell.)

Wississippi R. W. Harned (August 17). "The insect reported under this name in
the July number of the Survey Bulletin, page 131, has been determined
as an ooacu:e Gnorimoschema by Mr. August Busck."

FALSE CHINCH BUG (Nysius ericae Schill.)

Zdabho Claude Wakeland (July 25). "The worst outbreak in the history of the
State is ieder way in Jerome, Bingham, and Rexburg Counties. The
insect pro.uces severe curling and browning of the leaves, and portions
of some fields are completely destroyed, especially around the edges.
It has aJ'so caused total loss to a few patches of strawberries and
raspberries."

TARNISHED PLANT-BUG (LI pratensie L.)

2 .iana J. J. Davis (August 17). "The tarnished plant-bug has been reported
injuring buds of various plants, especially potatoes."

hio Herbert Osborn (August 1). "The tarnished plant-bug has been injuricu
to potato tips in two counties."

daho Claude Wakeland (August 1). "About the middle of July these insects
were noticed to be very abundant in one potato field in Rexburg County.
Infested plants wilted and those that had been injured for some time
were noticeable by the leaves turning brown, especially around the
edges. Injury usually worse on the edge of the fields near alfalfa."

CABBAGE

IMPORTED CABBAGE WOM (Pontia raLae L.)

assachusetts A. I. Bourne (August 21). "The imported cabbage worm is generally
about normally abundant; in some fields, however, they are found to
be doing considerable damage."

lw York C. R. Crosby and assistants. "These insects are moderately abundant
but causing no unusual damage this year."

issouri A.C. Burrill (July 26). "Ihn Saline, Boone, and Jackson Counties
this insect is proving very troublesome and spraying undoubtedly
will be practiced inA these counties in the near future. In
Pemiscot County 45 per cent of the leaves were damaged by these







-214

ississippi R. W. Harned (August 17). "The imported cabbage worm is not as
abundant as during normal years."

HARLEQUIN BUG (Mrantia histrionica iahn) Vississippi R. W. Harned (August 17). "The harlequin cabbage bug has been reported as appearing in injurious numbers in Lee and Panola Counties."

STRAWBERRY

STRAWBEP-RY LEAF-ROLLE (Apcylis gtna Froehl.)

Iowa F. A, Fenton (August 18). "The strawberry leaf-roller has been
especially injurious in several localities,"'
Idaho D. B. Whelan (July 25). "Damage in a few restricted fields at Blackfoot amounted to 25 per ent of the crop. This insect is also attacking strawberries in Bingha, Minidoka, Bonneville, Cassia, Jerome,
Washington, Ada, and Cayon Counties."

APPLE AND THORN SKELETONIZER (He ariana Clerk)
New York C. R. Crosby (July 25). "This insect is found all over Hudson County
attacking strawberries "

STRAWBERRY ROOT-WEEVIL (rahrhinus ovatus L.)

ashington A. L. Helander (August 26). "This insect has been very destructive,
especially in western Washington this year. It is now becoming a
nuisance by congregating in houses adjacent to strawberry fields for
hibernation."

STRAWBERRY CROWN-BORER (Tylodermna fraeariae Riley)

owa F. A. Fenton (August 18). "The strawberry crown-borer has been
especially injurious in several localities during the latter half of
July and the first half of August."

WHEAT WIREWORM (AZriotes mancus Say) ennsylvania F. H. Chittenden (August 14). "Have received information to the
effect that growers at Luthersberg are unable to cope successfully
with this insect in strawberry patches."

SPITTLE INSECTS (Rh~troha $pp.) ashington A. L. Melander (August 26). "These insects have been reported as particularly abundant, especially in western Washington this summer,
in some cases in strawberry fields reducing the yield to 50 per cent.
When we have several insects on every plant the stems are shortened
and the leaves crinkled."











MEXICAN BEAN BEE ( iahna corrupt us o)
North
Carolina Franklin Sherman (July 18). "The two localities mentioned in the
last number of the Survey Bulletin are Patrick in Cherokee County
and Bresstown on the edge of Clay County."

Neal F. Howard (August 28). "A report has been received that the
Mexican bean beetle has been found in Swain County. Three counties
are now found to be infested in the west most part of the State." South
Carolina Neal F. Howard (August 28). "The Mexican bean beetle has been reported as occurring in Anderson County during the past month."

Georgia Neal F. Howard (August 28). "The Mexican bean beetle is causing
heavy damage in Georgia. Total destruction of garden beans occurring in some places. In addition to the counties infested in 1921
this beetle has been found in the follow c -nties: Capbell. Clayton,
Coweta, Fayette, Henry, Morgan, Newton, 0 :,O ickdal. wd Walton."

Kentucky Neal F. Howard (uguet 28). "Heavy infestation is reported in
Kentucky. This insect was not numerous enough in the fall of 1921
to cause any reduction in the crop. In addition to the counties reported last year it has been found in Knox, Madison and Wayne Counties."

Tennessee Neal F. Howard (August 28). "Total destruction of beans took place in
Tea-avod, about Chattanooga this yeax The price of beans on the
Chattanooga market is 43.75 per busIe In addition to the counties
reported last year, this insect ha- been found in Bedford, Knox,
Lawrence, Lewis, Maury, Marshall, Rutherford, Sevier and Wayne Counties.

Alabama Neal F. Howard (August 28). "On account of the late emergence of
the beetles from hibernation this year many early bean plantings in Alabama yielded at least one good picking. This situation together
with the large shipments of beans from other points not heavily
infested brought down the price of beans on the Birmingham market to
a low figure. For the past month, however, the price hes risen
steadily and is now $3.75 per bushel wholesale."

Mississippi R. W. Harned (August 17). "So far the Mexican bean beetle has not
been reported from this State."

CUCU11BER

BANDED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica balteata Leo.)

Mississippi R. W. Harned (August 17). "This insect is. quite abundant this year,
and has been especially injurious in the southwestern part of the State on beans, peas, potato, and cucumbers. Ten years ago this
insect was not known in ississippi; 5 years ago it was rather vare
and only a few complaints were received in regard to it. At the
present time, however, it is quite abundant in all parts of the State and apparently is as serious, or nearly as serious, as the other two
common Diabroticas."







-216


STRIPED CUCUIBER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)

assachusetts A. I. Bourne (August 21). "This insect is reported as being
decidedly more abundant than usual in Lincoln County. Abc .t the
10th of August the new brood of adults were beginning to appear in
Amherst."

oW York M. .a Hammond (July 29). "Larvae in the roots are doing considerable damage in one planting of cucumbers in Orange County."

ndiana J.J. Davis (August 17). "The striped cucumber beetle continues to
occur in destructive numbers throughout the State, and we received
many reports of injury to cucumber and melons by the larvae."

ississippi R. W. Harned (August 17). "The striped cucumber beetle has apparently caused more damage in Mississippi this year than during any previous
year of which we have record. Complaints have been received
especially in regard to injury to watermelons. Eany growers had to
replant several times before getting a stand. Others failed entirely to raise any watermelons on account of the abundance of these beetles."

IFLON

MELON APHID (Aphis j Glov.)

Lusachusetts A. I. Bourne (August 21). "A few instances of this pest in unusual
numbers are b~ing brought to our attention."

Iiana J. J. Davis (August 17). "The melon aphid is showing up in very
destructive numbers in a few localities."

Iowa F. A. Penton (August 18). "The usual number of inquiries are received
concerning the melon aphid from the ississippi River Trucking
districts ."

lebraska M. H. Swenk (August 1). "The melon aphid has been normally destructivE
during the entire month of July."

alif ornia R. E. Campbell (August 15). "Infestation appeared in a number of fields in Los Angeles County during the latter part of July continuing
into August, but most of the growers immediately used nicotine dust
and prevented serious damage."

SQUASH

SQUASH BORER (M1elittia satvriniformis Huebn.)

aassachusetts $. T. Fernald (August 21). "Mr. Worthley reports that the squashvine borers are maturing. The larvae are beginning to leave the
plants. Fifty per cent or more of the plants in some fields are
infested but the abnormally wet season promoted the growth of the
secondary roots so that the injury to the crop will probably be
much less than is ordinarily the case."







-2L7
Sow York C. R. Crosby (July 26). "This insect was sent in as doing rather
serious damage to squazh at Schenectady."

Illinois W. P. Flint (August 17). "This insect is v ry abundant in northern
Illinois this year."

Indiana J. J. Davis (August 17). "The squash-vine borer has been reported
in abundance this season, particularly in the southern half of the
State."

11issouri A. C. Burrill. "This insect has been reported from several parts
of the State this year."

SQUASH BUG (Anasa tristis DeG.)

Jassachusetts H. T. Fernald (August 21). "The squash bug appears to be generally
less abundant than for several seasons past."

l.e York A. L. Pierstorff (July 15). "Squash bugs are numerous on plantings
in Monroe County this year."

fidiana J. J. Davis (August 17). "Squash bugs have been hatching during the
last week or two in central Indiana. From all indications there
will be the usual large infestation this year."

iebraska M. H. Swenk (August 21). "The squash bug has been normally destructive during the entire month of July."

l|issouri L. Haseman (July 26). "This insect has been about normal. It is
increasing rapidly, and where no treatment had been applied entire
plantings have been destroyed."

ONION

ONION THRIPS (Thrins tabaci Lind.)

Saehusetts A. I. Bourne (August 21). "The onion thrips has appeared much later
this season than is usually the case. Have not been as abundant as
we usually find them, although here and there they are doing considerable injury. They were late in appearing owing doubtless to the unusual rainfall during June which held them in check. However,
the same weather conditions interfered with cultivation so the plants
were held up in their development to a considerable extent.'

SWT POTATO

SMET-POTATO WHITE FLY (Bemisia incons icua Quaint.)

lorida. Jeff Chaff in (August 10). "This time last year the white fly was
causing serious damage to sweet potatoes all over the State. There
are very few this year; in fact, you have to search to find any."








SOUTHERN FIELD-.CROP INSECTS

COTTON

BOIL =EVIL (Pnthonoinus grnds Loh.) North, B.R.Goaci (August 1s). "~The boll weevil was reported from
M2rolina 6 counties. The infestation sears to be rising and t'-Io intr increasing ra.pidlty in Anson :And Scotland Couxitj 3s. 17-avy;
ipnfestationz are alsq reported from stations of Union VGountyv.' South T.R.Coad (August 15). wBoll weevil reports have been reeie
Carolina, from 9 counties. Heavy infestations in all pi these counties bit. one.'
Georgia B,.R.Coad (August 15). 'Boll weevil reports have been received
from 24 counties, covering practic2.lly the entire State. Of
these, 17 counties rcaport heavy infest tions,one county an
increaxzig infest Ltlon, and the remaiiring counties slight to


Florida B.R.Coa.d (lugust 15). 'A single r.-port has been received from
this State Vhel-e indicated migration is reported fromM&so


Tennessee B-flCo~d (August 15). "'Boll weevil reports were received from
13 coUnties in this State. Of thast,6 reporttbeavy infestations,
all in the southern half of the Sti.ta extending from Ffayette
County near the western border to Mcliinn near the eastern
bprper, The rsinipg counties report slight infestations,'

Ark~nsaaB-flCoad (August 1s). 'Froi this Sta.te wehave received re'Kcrts
from 33 CO'untias covering pr-ictic.ly the entire cotton -growiflg
region. T'v~ive counties report hae vy infestation, these
counties covering the southern and central. parts of the Stata.1 oklab81o300 B.R.Co&ai (August 15). 'Report3 ha;ve been r-ceived from 7
counties in this State, 2 of wbich in the east-central part
rqpqrt, heavy infestation.*

Alabama B-fl.Coad (August 15). T74, have received boll weevil reports
from 30 counties covering practically the entire State. Of these,
15 report hezvy infestations. The heavily infested counti,-s
are in the northern ,nd eastern half of the State.'

Louisiana B-l.Coad (August 1s), *Rleports on the boll w,33vil situation
h ~have been received from 14 counties, OfC these, 5 report
he"VY infestations, al1 being in tha northern third of the Statet
with the eXCeption of Saint Landry Pixish.,'

-216-









Mississippi B.R,Coad (August 15). gBollw~eevil rarorts have been received
from 57 co'n-*es in this State, U c --%4 ch, covering practitfle ~ ~ ~ ~ -n~ec~o~rwn t heavy inf sttioIn>,

B..W.Harned (U g-st 17), "The boll weevil is now abundant in all
parts if +Ve i-,,-te, In most places where calcim arsenate:
had no, been used probably 90 per cent of the~ zqviares z~
puctlua, ed. A few reports were received whero for one r~o
or another boll weevils hv -,become abundantt; in most cases
these were probably iso t-ed d.a~ A fairly good efop of
cotton is already pr~~.from the number of maturing bollsv"

Texas MCTanquary (AugustL 4). '4The boll weevil infestation h4been
much lighter over a greater portion of Texas than was anticipated
from the unusually large percentage of weevils which usfly emerged from hibernation,, This is dlue in part to the ntue
hot dry weather throughout the sumner and perhaps in F.-; t the
vsrvr general light lanting of cotton this past spring.4

BJI.Coad (August 15). *Boll weevil reports have been received
from 12 counties in this State, "ll in the eastern third of the
State. Six counties report be vy infestations extending from F'annin County on the northarn border to Karnes County near the
southern border."'

COTTON VOR4 (AaB rplae ubl4tj)
Albabama T7X'~d (Augst i~,'The coto eafworm was reported
the following cuie: bai, d Autaupa., Lawreinc
Tallalegat Mfarsha-l .tova~ Cto h~ n Franiklin 4, ison,
Lauderclalet Talker, Morgan, and C -c'&-e The'.i--fe stat ion is
lights bu~t widespread. ?'apation i ~beginning and we
anticiPate widespread stripping by t-- end of tue L,-rnch or the
first week in September,*

ALrkansas G.G.Becker (August 15). OWe r eceived matured woms and even
Pupae from flesha County as early as July 26w, and only 10 days later receiv& word. from Faulknaer County that an outbreak was
occurring there. I hava just returned from Texas and found the
worms serious in ma=4 paIrtj of the State,'

B.flCoad. (August 15),, 'Th-,e cotton lefemhas been reported from
17 counties. Firstee rat iou larvae were first reported from
flesha County July 31:' by August 12, reports of adults were
eceived from Washingtcn Countyo and by August 15,, from
l?)ississippi County.0







-220

Min RWHrnei (August 8). 117e have received cotton worms fiurm
Adahng, Jr',ffoirzonT Claiborne, Warren, D~ushall, Benton, Hines,
Yaso,, S'at'v s qteri Madisonv Hol:LeS, Montgomery, and
Chc~a~' ~ {& llhvc c<; large enough numbers
to C01. G:vc{fo.iLate cotton fi- ds in. 1&ciison, Hines, C~ab~cn~ c~a:KyLtflore, arnd other couinties. Ags,7 h CottOll noW)v ever part of Mississippi
duiu _h~ fIrst tn days of August. pj>cima~ns wera ra ceiv:ed. fromr azbouot a-- courities. These inoets -;vere first reported during
the l1#Jt we of U ly, No ccrr-painta havea reached this of f ico
from these cou-nti~ that comocze jpi'oxliL#:Ttely the southeaster-n
quart-r of Ys~i~ 5 z 0 ,o-F !, 0 T hats been reported ir,%m
the north rn cfsunti es~whereas from the- western half of the State
ce rtain f'.ulis ha v- been almost completely defoliated."

B.R.Coad (Aoagust 15 "Rcpor-ts of th3 cotton leafworm were
received from 11 counties. First-generation larvae were reported from Rijnee and IWjLkino:on Counties on July 21; by August 5, reports were received from as far north as Leflore, Bol ivar, and Chickasaw


Texas M.C.Tenquary (Auguet 14). "Cotton leafworm infestation very heavy
and unus'ua-lly early, doing ver'y s3,uro-Ls injury in many places,
especially thiouchout tha Vrdos-12i y. I,'!y farmers are dusting
their cott.on, -using calcina~ arsenatD lead. arsenate, or Paris
green. T'le available supply of arG---nicals for dusting purposes
seeip.s to be practically exhauste:d."

B.R.Coad (August 15). "The cotton leaf.7orm was reported from 9
counties. First-goneration larvae -'varo obse rved as far north as
Smith and Y-ttohitoches Counties by July 27, and as far north as
Dallas Counity by July 31"1

Oklahxoma B.R.Coad (August 15). "Reports of the cotton leafworm were
riceivad from Garvin and Carter Counties on Au- 15

Louisiana, T.R.Jones (July 31),. "Information received durinE; the last day
or two indicated that tha cotton caterpillar is shco- ng up in
injurious nu--mbers in parts of northern Louisiana. (August 15) Since my lust report, the outbreak of thc cotton catterpillar has easily b, en the outstanding entomolog-Ecal feature of the
month. Reports of damage in the northern part of the State began
to reach us dujrzng the last fe-v,- days in July and since then have
been rcoiv--, Yromn practically every section vher cotton is g r owi,. raw Pa~pao were found in Y'rotklin Parish on Ant1.,
Dtre cf cotton for 'he co-rtro~i of the pa34t his b-e.gnrJ
Paris (, reen bclang th2: arsc-nical most commonly used, but the work
has been delayed and interfe-ced wilt;h by not ha vlng a sto -k of
arsenical poisons readily available and by rain in -TLy sanctions.
Prices charged for Paris green have varied Agreatly; the lowst price was 29 cent- per pound in cazY.t F,OB. Atlanta or Dallas, and I am informed that as high as 75 cents per pound has bean







-221

B.R.Coad (August 15). "The cotton leafworm has been reported from
15 counties, First-generation larvae were observed in the northernmost part of the State from Claiborne County on July 26; by Aygust 149 moths of the second generation were collected at Tallulah; and by August 13, second-generation larvae were found at this place."

COTTON APHID (Aphis gossvrii Glov.)

South B.R.Coad (July 15). "The cotton aphid is reported as abundant on this
Carolixa date in the vicinity of Hartsville and Charleston,"

Georgia B.R.Coad (July 15). "The cotton aphid is reported as abundant on this
date in the vicinity of Cordele and Forsyth."

Florida Jeff Chaffin (July 20). "This insect is reported as being quite
numerous at the present time in Madison County."

Arkansas B.R1.Coad (July 15). "A light infestation of the cotton aphid is reported at Cummins."

ssissippi BR.anezdJuly 15). "A light infestation is reported at Magnolia
and Itta Bena. (August 17) The cotton aphid has been received from
several points and is apparently causing a small amount of damage to
cotton.

oisiana BERCoad (July 15). "The cotton aphid is reported as abundant in the
vicinity of Elm Grove."

COTTON RED SPIDER (Tetranvchus telarius L.)

Florida Jeff Chaffin (July 20). "Thispost is reported at the present time
as numerous in Madison County."

lissouri A.C.Burrill (July 11). "This pest is now present in large numbers
on elm, maple, sycamore, etc. The progress of mites on trees is used as an index by the county agent of Peziscot County as to the possible
infestation of cotton later in the season."

COTTON SQUARE-BORER (Uranotes melinus Huebn,)

Sissippi R.W.Harned (August 17). "The cotton etquare-borer has been received from
several correspondents. In every case it has been causing damage to
cotton."

BOLL0RM (Heliothis obsoleta Fab,) lorida G*D.Smith (July 20). "This insect is unusually active this year in
Madison County.'









Miss is s iip i 7T41i--arned (August 17). "The bollworm has been r-prted fro=n
io"ly Springs as damaging about 4 ).,-r cent of the cctton. This e stizate was madie by counting scmIiir(.s, NIo damagr, was n' ticed
on the bolls; th~.s wqs young ca'. cllworm hav,received from every part of the 3tate. Several of th r'c thought to be the bf,11wri havoc been reared and dpterm '3
as Heliothis virpscens I'ab.

SOUTHERN GRFEEN FLANT-T3UG _(Lezara viridiula L.)

Florida G&DSzith (August 1)e "Thins insect has dr-ne quite a bit of
damage to, cotton all over western FTlcrida during the past
Inonth.ew

CNCHUELA (?entatoma, liPa Say)

Texas M.C.Tanquary (August 17). "This insect has been reported as doing
serious damage tc' cottcn and alf alf a in the irrigated regions
of El Paso and recis CeuntiFess

CORN-SILK BEETLE (Luiperedns varicornis LtC.)

Texas M. CTanquefry (August 14) "This insect has been repotted
as wnrkdnr, on> cotton in this State.6*'








FOREST AND SHADE-TREE INSECTS





,lo rida JefC-af fin ('iuly 929). Reports f rom inspectors and county agents
ind:ic ate A'n~ 'd -.t'.I of~ the pe r3idi(al cicada is present all over
nor't trAJ-sc ri"X at the p-ese- -lime0 have receiTed specimens
f roc a,; -. h~t ay 0Gcnty an! r ~ City, and collected a fespeciznens h >re at Gainesville yesterday. The brood seems less
numerous than usual and just appeared within the last ten days or two


GIPSY !YOTH (%Po rthet ria disiar L)

Ifaachusetts A. I. Bourne (August 21). "1 have a report from the northelrn part
of WorcestIer County that the gipsy moths are at the present timre
begiring t~eir e,,g laying; but, apparently, the eggs are in much
smaller numbers than last ya.

SATIN MOTHISt Eotia salicis L.)

ashington A. L. Melander (August 26). "The satin moth has attained apparently
a permanent foothold in weste-n 7'alingtor. It was reported by
William E. Longley, a specialist on Lepidoptera, as so abundant in
South Bellingham that the crushed caterpillars have made the sidewalks
slippery. Poplar trees have been stripped of foliage, the larvae
pupating on bare twigs among hedges and projections of near-by houses.
Mr. Longley also reports the occurrence of tachinid parasites.

This insect, against which the Federal Horticultural Board established a quarantine in New England this year, is also reported by our State district horticu.ltura_! Mipe~r .~ C., 0. 7ei-s, as crnctlrring
at Blaine on the international border. It also occurs; at New
tVestminister, B, C ., zcrigto irformatiot- from across the border."



A&aho Claudi VL- iaxyad 4~ Ti i~c is ,~0
aha- uii i1 10un1ar L- rac pa 'ts of Kooteat aad Bennewah
%uc ,ntiest thp, r~ot 2erilous ietonbeing on poplar, t-irch,wil,
cY-! e cherry, wild rose itm~, and apple, also to some extent on
-.Ieder. The moths had all ernarged by the last of July and countless
eggF riasses are on all the above me-nto.jed trees The mos-t serious
inf estation eris to be el.,7nj river ban'ks rdlowlando,
determined hyneinopterous and oi-*e dipterous parasite lay z~
f -m pupa cases, indicating a par&its o .b1 2 ere


-223-









BAGOV v{~ y~e~bn~a~ot Hem.)

r York C. R. Crosby (August 4). "This insect was observed attacking horse
chestnut, birch, evergreen, and sassafras on Staten Island, and
specimens were sent in to the office on July 29 front Nassau CouKnty
on Long Island."

!w Jersey R. B. Locke (August 11). "This insect has been reported as damaging
apples at Dayton, and cherries at Lakehurst."

ndiana J. J. Davis (August 17). '"e are continuing to receive numerous
reports on the bag-'orm. These all come from southern Indiara and have been most numerous the last of July and the first of August.
The host plants include spruce, arborvitae, shade trees, and shrubs."

aas Geoe, A. Dean (August 16). "In the southeastern part of the State the
bagworm is rather comzon on red cedar, arborvitae, maple, boxelder-,
and elr. In several localities they are completely defoliating the
cedar and arborvitae."

PSOCIDS

ouisiana T. H. Jones (August 15). "During the past few days reports have
been received from St. Tammany, East Baton Rouge, St. Landry, and
Pointe Coupee Parishes as to the appearance of webbing on the trunks and branches of trees. One correspondent describes this condition
as follows: 'The trunks and branches of these trees are entirely
encased and appear as though varnished with a silvery polish.' The
web resembles spider-web and is due to the presence of a psocid, which
we have not yet determined."

CATALPA

CATALPA SPHINX (Ceratomia catalpae Boisd.,

ssouri A. C. Burrill (July 11). "About 50 per cent of the foliage has been
removed from catalpa trees in parts of Pemiscot County. This seems
to be a bottom land epidemic spreading over several counties."

lg

ELM BORER (SaRerda tridentat Oliv.)

ebraska M. H. Swenk (August 1). "Normal injuries by the elm borer occurred
during the period covered by this report (July 15 to August 1)."'

ansas Geo. A. Dean (August 16). "Over the entire eastern half of the State
the common elm borer is seriously injuring the elm shade trees. In
a large number of towns hundreds of elms are dying."

LOCUST

LOCUST LEAF-MINER (Chalepus dorsalis Thunb.)

ississippi R. W. Harned (August 17). "The locust leaf-miner has done considerable damage in several cou,-ties in $4e southwestern section of the
State."








OAK

OAK PRUNER (Elaphidion villosr Fab.
ine Edith 11. Patch (August 3). "Zork o. t and __-)bujbi v's-ta Oliv. still continues to Lt in from ortland to
Bangor4"

T TO-LiPNFD PROMINENT (Seriodonta bilineata Comst.) ,4rh
Caroline Franklin Sheran (July 18). "This insect is now epidemic on oaks
in Wils.n, rWake, Durham, Davidson, Granville, Rowan, Stanly, Montgomery, and Moore Counties, apparently covering the whole central
area of the State."

PINE

PINE BUTTERFLY (Neohasia menageia 716)

Iaho D. E. Jones (July 31). "The worst outbreak ever known in Idaho is
under way in the Payette Lakes region. The larves have completely
defoliated about 14,000 acres of yellow pine. Forest rangers estimate
that the nmber of adults and pupae averages from 500 to 5,000 per
tree, depecn:.g on the size of the trees. Pupal cases are so
numerous that it is difficult to tcvrh the tree trunks between them,
Grass, weeds, fence posts, etc., are covered with the pupal cases
from which the adults have not yet emerged."










P LANKT I11N SE C TS



A UCUIND(itcssp.) Iowa S. Weigel (July 30) "This insect has been reported from Iowa City
as seriously damaging asters,."
MMYGUERTTE FLY (AZgrorxyza roaculosa Mall.) sissippi A. W. H-arned (July 20). "For the first time we have received several
complaints in regard to what we take to be maxcguerite fly injuring
Asters .



SOLUT1EJBN FER~N CUT'lThP1IA (',7a 'loridpr L_ Chxien.)

i~isippi R. W, Hai-e-d (August 17). 'The soathern fern cutworm has been seriously damaging ferns at Lumberton."


CANNA LEAF-ROLLER (Calpr.,de Lthliy~s Cram.,)

ZBSisSippi R. W. H>arned (August 17). "Numerous reports have been received in regard to the injuries eaused t3 cannas by leaf-rollers. Specimens
have been received at this office Ar-on several. pcoir 1,1 in the State of
both this inset and th leser -na leaf -ro~ller (ypuacna
Quaint,)- i aom caez booth inse;.-cts wers present on the same plant



CHRYSAN~T1MTM GALL 'FLY (lahocyja a Loew)

garyland C. S. Weigel (July 30). "A reprT. hias been received that this insect
is damaging chrysanthemri at Chevbly Chase."
Nfew Jersey C. S. Weigel (July 30). Ti insect has been reported as particlaly
injurious to chrysanthemums at Suirmit."

A LACE-BUG (Corythueb~ca. marmorata Uhl.)


been reported a-z seriously damaging chrysanthemums in Jefferson and
Choctew Counties."





'Mis iss ppi W Ha ned Aug st 1 ).22ac b g p o a l th a ov s ec s$ a e







-227

COLU1BINE

COLUMBINE LEAF4AMINER (Phytm a ileiae Hardy)

New Jersey C. S. Weigel (July 30). "This insect was reported as particularly
injurious to columbines during July at Summit."

COLUMBINE BORER (Papaipema purrurifascia G. & R.)

New York C. S. Weigel (July 30). "This insect was reported from Cohoes as
injuring columbines."

IRIS

IRIS BORER (Macronoctua onusta Grote) Jaine E. I'.. Patch (August 5). "For the last three or four seasons we
have had reports of the larvae of this insect destroying iris.
Material was received today from Augusta, larvae nearly full grown." Indiana J. J. Davis (August 17). "Mr. E. B. Villiamson, of Bluffton, who
is a specialist in growing irises, has reported the iris borer as
a very serious pest in his plantings."

ROSE

ROSE SCALE (Aulacasis rosac Bouche) w Jersey Ralph B. Lett (July 25). "This insect was observed at New Brunswick
as seriously infesting rose bushes."

UNICORN PR0MINENT (Schizura unicornis S. & A.)

lississippi R. W7. Harned (August 17). "This insect was received from Vadison
County, where it was reported as injuring roses."

RUSSIAN SUNFLOER

SUNFLOT'ER rMEVIL (Rhodobsenus 13-punctatus Ill.) issouri A. C. Burrill and A. F. Satterthwait (July 12). "Several hundred
acres of a 3,000-acre sunflower plantation in the vicinity of Marston
are infested for the first time, in the experience of the manager,
with this beetle. In a rapid survey of a 30-acre patch 100 per cent
of the stalks were found to be infested. Infestation sometimes
results in the wilting of the heads and in other cases so weakens
the plant that it is readily blown over. It is impossible as vet
to ascertain to what extent the crop will be damaged."









G!ROUNT3SEL TREE

ALACE-BUG (Corythucha marnmo.-a Uhler) 3York IE. P. Felt. "The tingis reported in the Survey Bulletin, Volume
II, No. 5, page 189, has been identified by Vr. Drake as the above
species."

MAISCELLANEOUIS FFEDFR'7

STALK-BORER (Papainena nebris Guen., var. nitela Guen.)

C. So Weigel (July 30). "'This borer has been reported f rom~ 1aryland,
Ohio, and New Jersey as doing particularly Derious injury to many flowering plants, ariong which are zinnia, delphinium, and dahlia,'











INSECTS INFESTING HOUSE AND PREITSF S

ARGENTINE ANT (Iridomyrmex humilis Mayr)

Mississippi R.WHarned (August 17). "The Argentine ant is v ry abund mAt in
56 tcrons in the State. Surveys ar4 being made in Aberdeen,
Kosziusko, Durant, Terry, Crystal Springs, 1&Fazchurst, Sumit, W7oodville, Gulfport, Mississippi Ci-ty, ioxL, Bay St, Louis, Laurel, Hattissburg, Greenwood, Greenville, an Clarksdale."

Pheidole flavens Roger subsp. floridana Emery.

Mississippi R.WHarned (August 17), "This ant has been taken recently by
one of the Plant Board Inspectors at Ocean Springs. This ant,
which is coon in Tropical America, is liable to become a
household pest of importance."

Pheidole eYacephala Fab,

Mississippi R.W.Harned (August 18). "Durine M'arch one of the Plant Board
inspectors sent to this office roots of the African daisy,
Lones indora, which were infested with this ant. These plants
had been sent to a firm in Columbus, Miss.,from Honolulu.
Numerous soldiers, queens, workers, and i-ature stares were
present about the roots of the plants. Spe ,mens were determined
by Dr. Wal:Vheeler. This Old World ant is now7 f 3irly well
established in Tropical America and is a potential house pest.'

TERKITES (Reticulitermes flavines I(ol,)

Mississippi R.W.Harned (August 17). Termites, probably this species, have
been reported as causing serious damage at svrral places.
At Hazlehurst they were injuring chrymntho:e s, apparently starting from pine stakes used as fo for ;i-se pl-rts.
At New Albany they had seriously weac;ned the framework of a
building. At StarkillB they had ruined a carpet."

ESEUDOSCORPIONS

Nebraska M.H.Swenk (August 1). *One Curming County correspondent complainC
of an abundance of false scorpions in his barn and haymow."

POWDER-POST BEETLE (Lyctus linearis Goezd)

Indiana J.J.Davis (August 17). "This powder-post beetle was reported
on August 7 from North MIanchester, vhere it was boring holes
in the sleepers and oak floors of a dwelling house."


-229-








EIE CTS ATTACKING ANAND

D) 0 U E S T I A 14 A L S



HORN FLY (Haematobia irritate L.)

IfMaachusetts E.RFarrar (August 15). "Horn flies are very u:ch, or troutl some than usual in Lincoln County this year."

STABLE FLY (Stomoxys calcitrans L.)

Texas F.C.Bishopp (July 27). "Stable flies were quite annoying in the
vicinity of Dallas up to aoout the latter part of June. During July these flies were of no material consequence as stock pests."

BLACK BLOWFLY (Phormia regina Heig.)

Texas F.C.Bishopp (July 27), "This fly has practically disappeared in
Texas. It was extremely numerous during the spring and caused heavy losses among sheep raisers in the western part of the State. Some stated that them were more wool maggots this spring than has been experienced for years.'

BLOWFLY (qllihor vomitoria L.)

Texas F.C.Bishopp (July 27). "There was a marked decrease in the
number of blowflies about July 1st. This insect, which has been causing unusual trouble around packing houses during the spring is now of little consequence ad trapping operations have been curtailed."

SCRE -WORM (Chrvsomya macellaria Fab.)

Texas F.C.Bishopp (July 27). "After about July 10 acrew-worm cases,
which had been rather more numerous than normal in southwest
Texas, began to subside materially This is undoubtedly
associated with the hot, dry weather which has sht in ovwr muoh of the range country."

POUT TRY

FOWL TICK (Oras ninatas Koch)

Mississippi R.W Harned (August 17)~. "The fowl tick was collected by Mr.
E.K.Byn m at Biloxi on August 2. These ticks were very abundant in a poultry house. This is the first authentic record ve have of the occurrence of this insect in H1issssippi The were ,
determined by Mr. F.CBishopp, of the Bureau of Entomology- So far we have not been able to determine how these ticks reached Mississippi, or how long they have been present."


-230
L










Telehoru sp.

Indiana J.J.Davis (July 1). "I am sending,ynder separate cover, specimens
.found in the crop and gizzards of 10 or 12 week old chicks
at Hope, Ind* One of the most prominent poultry breeders in the
Central West sent in these crops, advising that the contents
caused a violent death among some of his chicks. While there
are several insects present, the coleopterous larvae predominate ."
(This material was submitted to Dr. Adam Boving who determined
the larvae as Telephorus sp.)



Atomus sp.
New York C.R Crosby (July 14).'Specimens of this mite were sent from Levanna
witt the following communication.: 'I am sending you a sample of
amite that has suddendy- been noticed in one of our camps on
the Lake Shore. They bite campers unmercifully. We drenched the
building with a saponified coal-tar creosote spray today but as
the roof and the oak trees and the outside of the building seemed
to be infested, we do not know what dto do.'





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