THE INSECT PEST SURVEY B U L L E T I N
A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States
Volume 2 May 1, 1922 Number 2
BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY
U N I T E D S T A T E S
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
A N 0
T H E S T A T E E N T 0 M 0 L 0 G I C A L
A G E N C I E S C 0 0 P E R A T I N G
OUTSTANDING ENTOMOLOGICAL FEATURES FOR APRIL, 1922
The Hessian fly situation remains unchanged over the greater
part of the wheat-growing sections of the comtry. Infestation is reported as very light in Ohic, Indiana, and Kansas. A moderate infestation is reported from Lancaster and Cass Counties, Nebr., and a rather alarming situation is reported from Madison and Warren Count ies, Iowa.
Chinch hugs passed the winter with but very low mortality in Indiana, South Dakota, Illinois, and Missouri. Heavy rains in central Illinois destroyed some of the bugs. Floods in Missouri deposited large numbers of bugs over regions which had beer cleaned up by burning during the fall and winter. These bugs do not seem to have suffered from the effects of the water.
The green bug, with oth~r aphids, is reported as quite serious in parts of Tennessee, This past is spreading west'fardjacross the State of New Mexico where it is reported as destroying approximately P0 per cant of the wheat.
The false wireworms reported in the last number of the Survey
Bulletin are still seriously destrcyirg wheat in Nbraska. A similar condition is reported this month from the western half of South Dakota.
The San Jose scale is still on the increase in the Middle Atlantic and East-Central States, being reported as serious in Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Indiana, Wisconsin, Missouri, and Georgia. Dormant spraying in Georgia did not appear to be effective in the control of this pest.
A new enemy of grapes was reported from Nevada as doing serious damage in all vineyards in the Las Vegas Valley by eating into the buds. Specimens which accomanied. the report have been identified as the chrysomelid Glyptoscelis squamulata Crotch.
Seed-corn maggot has never been cbserv-ed in such numbers as are now present in southern New Jersey.
Two rather unusual tomato pests are reported from Arizona,
Trichobaris m-crea Lec. and Ulus crassus Lec.
The pea aphis is reported as seriously threatening cannery
peas in parts of Delaware. The region so seriously infested last year in the Santa Clara Valley of California by this pest is only very lightly infested so far this year.
Winter and spring scouting has shown the gipsy moth to be established over the entire central part of Connecticut. The newv territory is as large as all known infested territory in this State up to this time. This pest is now about as near to the New York State line in
Connecticut as it is in Vermont.
The worst infestation of screw-worm flies since the Bureau of Entomology field station was established at Uvalde in southwestern Texas appeared there about the middle of April.
Cattle from the scab-infested territory in Nevada have been
shipped into California. Measures .ra being undertaken to prevent the establishment of this past in California.
A NE' POTATO FEVIL IN TISSISSIPPI: A weevil has been found in Stone County, Hississippi, in considerable numbers, which is injurious to potato, tomato, and turnip. It seems to be identical with Desiantha nociva Lea known in Australia as tomato weevil. It is about one-third of an inch long, though dull gray in color and bears on the ring covers a pale gray v-shaped mark. It has been known in Australia since 1908 and does much damage. The larvae feed. upon the plants at night, hiding underground during the day. Southern entoroloeists, especially, are requested to keep a sharp lookout for this species. Professor Harned will try to find out how far it has spread and the Bureau of Yntorclogy will help as far as pcssiole.
INSECT ?EST SURVEY BULLETIN
Vol. 2 May 1, 1932 No. 1
CEREAL AND FORAGE-CROP INSECTS
HESSL11 11Y (Py-.-a d ttor Say)
Pennsylvania P. R. Miyars (April 10). "i7Cr, S-ni.th found two eg.s of Eezs3.an fly on this date, this beirg the earliest re-cord of the spring- broodc of tha fly at Carlisle This is fou.71 days lerthan was the case 1u.A: 921.'
Ohio T. BParks (April). "Adults of the spring brood
emergeO. in out-~of-door ca,:3z in April. Tile b~dis very ligh'. in all parl"Is of the State, due to very lit ~tle early sowedi winter wheat,*
H. A. Gossard. (April 237). tAnexaminatiornmad3 for
Fessian fly eggs at Tooster, April 11, diGCovareX non?;
hc~-~-e, ~edswhich Prof. T. H., Parks ha0d ob-tainei in VWi~ias County were yielding flies in Jars at Columbus April 14. 1 found a few Hessian fly eggs at
Wooster today, April 27,.1
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "As r3erorted last fall, sowing
at the ri~-ht t:*,e was almost ,x.-iversal in the Stat3e ahd
consequently there is corpa:ati-.vciy little fly itfastat ion
at present. In the early sown f.3d there is an abun-~
diance of the f ly. 11
Illinois T. B.. Cartwight (April 12). "First pupation March 19;
first adults observed April 4. Only salpart of'
brood has eirerged to date Oviposition scattered due
to the rankness of growth of wheat. Racoz~is from
W. P. Flint (April 18). "No eqgs could be found on
pnt at Urbana on Apy'il 16.0'
Ndbraska M, H. Swenk (A -ril 15). "iThe situation is virtually
unzcharnged, since ay last report. Examrinations of wheat
fields in the vicinity of Lincoln early in April revealed moderate infestation in northeastern Lancaster
and western Cass Coantis-s."
Iowa F. D. Butcher (April 18). "The Hessian fly is showing up in
alarming numbers in adison and Warren Counties this spring;
Union Count-i had very little fly infestation on the 15th. Very little wheat was sow:i in this county until after the September
rains (Septei ber 22)."
Kansas J. W. McColloch archrh 23). "Infestation in this State i7 very
light,/ There is an area of rather heavy infestation in 1Waai.nsee
County and report of injury have been received from Osage and Coffey Counties. In all cases infestation is confined largely
to volunteer wheat and very early sown wheat."
Missouri R. A. Blanchard (April 2). "First eggs found on this date. Last
year the earliest date that eggs were found at Webster Groves
was April 5. Wet snow occurred this year on March 31."
CHINCH BUG (31sus 1eu21terus Say)
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "The chinch bug seems to have wintered
over safely and there are indications that the bugs will be more
abundant and more widespread than last year."
Illinois 77. P. Flint (April 9). "No general flight from hibernation as
yet. Buigs mating on this date, moderate numbers killed by the
heavy rains in central part of this State."
Missouri A. C. Burrill (April 4). "First flight of chinch bugs observed
east of Montgomery City on March 25. Spring freshets have washed
million of chinch bugs and deposited tham along the edge of
cornfields where very thorough burning had been carried on. The
bugs have not been killed except where deeply buried. Winter
has been unfavorable for satisfactory burning."
(April 21). "Slight flying going on today in Livingston County."
Dakota H. C. Severin (April 28). "These insects are still in hibernating
quarters but have passed the winter in excellent shype. The pest will do considerable harm if weather conditions remain
GREEN BUG (Txortera E:ram in Rond.)
Tennessee G. G. Ainslie (April 17). "Considerable evidence of damage
during the rast two or three weeks by various grain agigg,
especially ~ Dernifoliae, ML
Toronra gm and, apparently -to somewhat lese; cxLent, Ahi maidis. One barley field '.hich three weeks ago -ai in
good condition is now considered an absolute failure; however,
one or two heavy rains and predacious enemies have about
terminated the outbreak."
Kansas S. J. Hunter. "Survey cari-ied on diirig January and February by
Mr. R. A. Beamer over the eastern third of the State shows that
the green bug was present though not seriously injurious in Allen,
Neosho, Montgomery, Bourbon, Linn, and Miar.i Counties. Yuch
worse than last year in Cherokee County and by far worse in Labette
County than in any other county in the State."
Mexico R. Middlebrook (April 7). "This pest is much more serious in
alfalfa and wheat than usual. It is spreading westward across
the State and I estimate that 20 per cent of the infested wheat
W7HEAT STRAVI-.TOPM (Harmolita F randis jiruta How.)
Virginia F. 1. Poos (March 25). "First emerging observed on this date at
Illinois W. P. Cartwright (April 1). "First emerging of the season observed
on this date at Centralia."
GREAT PLAINS FALSE TUR1OFU (Eleodeq o-raca Say)
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (April 15). "Most serious losses to wheat during the
period covered by this peptrt (March 15-April 15) have been
due to this insect, which was reported as seriously injurious in western part of Nebraska last fall. This spring immature larvae
have resumed feeding and have injured or destroyed numerous fields
of wheat. The injury began to be noticed during the last 10 days
in March near Chappell in Deuel County. One field of 150 acres was almost completely destroyed by having the roots eaten away
and another field of 200racres in the same general locality that was badly injured last fall was completely destroyed this spring.
As late as April 10 the worms were still at work according to
reports from Big Springs in Deuel County."
Dakota H. C. Severin (April 25). "7e expect considerable damage in the
western half of South Dakota from this insect this spring."
VHEAT VJI=71OPM (Apriotes mancun Say)
Missouri A. C. Burrill (April 21). "Doing serious damage at Chillicothe
and Mooresville where 10 per cent of the straws have been
CORN EAFJOtM (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)
Louisiana T. H. Jones (April 10). "Mr. W. G. Bradley reports that a
few larvae, the largest about three-quarters of an inch
long, were observed in buds of young corn plants at Baton
(April 13). "A few larvae, the largest nearly one inch long,
were observed working on corn at Napoleonville."
APR-Y WOPM (Cirrhis unirunc+a Haw.)
Illinois L. C. Chandler (March 23). "First moth caught in light trap
at Carbondale on this date."
Missouri, L. Haseman (April 24). '"Mr. B. E. Miller, county agent of
Cass County, reports that on this date moths were visiting
flower blossoms in numbers,"
TWELVE-SPOTTED CUCUMBER BEETLE (D2,iab-.otica duoecimrunctat L.)
Louisiana T. H. Jones (April 17). "Judging from observations and reports,
larvae have not caused much damage to young corn in Louisiana
so far this year. A very few larvae nearly full grown were
taken at Baton Rouge on April 8 and at Napoleonville on
WHITE GRUBS (Phyllorhaa sann..)
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "Continued reports of injury last
fall show the rah.1r general distribution of the 1320 brood
in the State and the greater abundance of this insect than
for many years."
Louisiana T. H. Jones (April 15). "There has been some complaint in this
section recen7.y of injury by the beetles to foliage, especially
of oak, pecan, and rose."
WESTERN FLEA-BEETLE (PhYlotreta Iulli Horn)
Arizona Don C. Mote (March 21). "Doing sufficient 'arage to small
p-tch of early corn in Salt River Valley to cause the o:ner
to ask for help."
CORN LEAF APHIS (Ahis raidis Fitch)
Tennessee G. G. Ainslie (April 17). "I have followed this insect for
several years through the winter here in the throats of
barley shoots, but have never seen it so abundant and
vigorous so early as it is this year. Migrators are being produced in large numbers but so far I have found no other
host than barley for this migrating generation."
CLAY-3ACKED CUTWORM (Feltia fladiaria Morr.)
Nebraska M, H. Swenk (April 15). "Cutworms began working in alfalfa
fields of the Platte Valley from Hall County westward about March 28, but up to date have not done much serious injury, though in some fields the new growth has been kept down as
WESTERN A~RiY CUTWORM (Chorizaerotic auxiliaris Grote)
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (April 15). "About April 12, the alfalfa fields
in Scottsbluff County showed infestation with the western
DINGY CUTWOP (Feltia subgothica Haw.)
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (April 15). "This cutworm has also begun working
in the alfalfa fields of the Platte Valley, where they have
in some places kept the new growth ..' down."
PEA APHIS (Ill inoia 1ii Kalt.)
Mexico R. Middlebrook (April 2). "Sent in as attacking alfalfa and
wheat, by the county agent from Chavec and Eddy Counties."
WESTERN 12-SPOTTED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica soror Lec.)
Oregon A. L. Lovett (March 29). "Grower near Rickreall reported
clover field of 20 acres sown in February practically cleaned out through the serious attack of this beetle in 2 days time."
GARDE' SLUGS (Agrioimax arrgetin L.)
Oregon A. L. Lovett (April 15). "Serious injury to field crops of
clover, rye, and oats occurred in late fall and early winter.
Fields near Dayton being so completely destroyed as to requite replanting, and in some cases the succeeding crop was likewise
seriously attacked. Vetch in the Station variety plates was
heavily attacked. The combination of late winter snows and low
temperature has noticeably checked this pest."
CLOVER-LEAF WEEVIL (Hynera Luncata Fab.)
Ohio T. H. Parks (April). "Larvae much less abundant than last year.
Only one complaint of serious damage. Alfalfa much less affected
than red clover."
H. A. Gossard (April 27). "The clover leaf weevil was received
from Caledonia, April 24, and was observed to have done much
damage about Chillicothe during the first three weeks of April,
but has been attacked by Emousa and is now much reduced in numbers.
Illinois S. C. Chandler (April 10). "Considerable numbers in all fields
in Wabash County, one area being defoliated."
Missouri L. Haseman (April 19). "This insect is worse than usual, especially
in central Missouri. Continuous rain has assisted the disease
in checking this pest in Jackson County; one sarnple was 100 per
cent diseased. Mr. A. C. Burrill also noticed this disease on
clover-leaf weevil in Shelby County."
LESSER CLOVER-LEAF WEEVIL (Ph ytonum nrrirostris Fab.)
Ohio T. H. Parks. "Beetles were flying to clover fields during the
first two weeks in April. Hibernation took place in the largest numbers in the fallen leaves of woodlots. Damage to clover wvill
probably appear by late May."
COWVPEA CURCULIO (Chalcodermus aereus Boh.)
Georgia 0. I. Snapp (April 13). "Many of these weevils have been observed
in wounds, crotches, etc.,of peach trees in orchards planted last
year to cowpeas in the Fort Valley Section."
BEAN LEAF-BEETLE (Cerotoma trifurcata Foerst.)
Louisiana T. H. Jones (April 6). "Mr. C. E. Smith reports the first adults
of the season observed on this date at Baton Rouge."
GREEN APPLE APEIS Chjh.bi_ jomi DeG.)
Massachusetts H. T. Fernald (April 25). 'Green aphids on apple were
reported as unusuall1y abundant in the eastern part of the State; some of them there had hatched on April 5,
yet the buds which had swollen had not commenced to
break. In the northern part of Essex County they had
hatched by April 11; in the Connecticut Valley they were
hatching on the 9th and lCth, and in erkshire County some at least had hatched by April 18; in the western
part of the State they did not appear to be as numerous
as in the eastern part. Cool weather, with standing water frozen over, came on the night of April 20, but
does not appear to have been sufficiently severe to have
affected the aphids."
New York C. R. Crosby and assistants. "This insect was first
observed on April 10 in Orleqns County; by April 15th
it was observed as common throughout the county but
abundant in only twa orchards. It is, apparently, not
so prevalent in Orange County but is very abundant in the
University orchard at Ithaca."
F, P. Felt (April 24), 'Observed on April 16 in small
numbers at Nassau in Rensselaer County."
New Jersey M. D. Leonard (April 9). Stnm mothers present in srall
numbers on opening buds at Pompton."
0hif Herbert Osborn (April 18). "Have appeared in numbers at
Uo),umbus aild &= acc ompanied by cocinellids gyrphids."
Oregon A. L, Lovett (April 15). "The season has been backward,
cold, and rainy. l'ggs began hatching near Corvallis on
April 12. This species began hatching on M arch 22 in 1921
and on March 29 in 1920."
APPLE-GRAIN APHIS (PEoraa ripfhum fnjia,. Fitch)
New York C. R. Crosby and assistants. "This insect is reported as
fairly abundant in Chautauqua, Ulster, 11onroe, Onondaga,
and Dutchess Counties. The first aphids were found on apple buds in Columbia County on April 9. Cold weather
and rains have reduced the numbers of this pest iaatsiderably
L. F. Strickland (April "First observed on V-is date
P. J. Parrot (April 13). "First observed on this date at
"St -r, mothers cut on opening buds New Jersey M, D. Leonard (A,,;ri*i. le
in small at on .'I
oh, i 0 2. A. Gos sard (Arril. 2',') "'This insc.r.t ar,-f.earsd quite
nu rerously i-Ti rraiy ur(.L*.,-4,rds ,vell tic :- tate.
no*C Cl a good 'To:1y at Chi).licothe A 1 5 617- blorm had
.a st re.) nk s t e In C-L-o th, ,y m ,re
7* 1 r _rQ ,.s -i.r ar or- al-0. at t, t
n J, c c t -Li e s 1 a "U e w f7,s P (-, C-1 d 'k-, o ,- 1C p -ay. LF, J. -1: f !V 7 1 7ae r ci t'-,P ra.Jf.;,d2e of Ap. jj were a C-ack
to ap:ai.d mul-r.iplicatioy.,
Indiana J J rav-;'s fllpril Y-) 'Has, been this
Ye.:;x. re 7 t, and ha,7e 1,ean recE i.vEd f-(jm
all part-,; ot, the 8 a --;.n t-he sor.t--ern end of ti
-V --) C 1:s and 11,P to the p--esent
),:',e 1C r th .-e e v
ti-Jle I the last repoifts, ca-i'l'ing from the nuit.heni end of the
S ta-C'e If
I Owa F. D. Fq tcher (Apr--I S) ap-!,,,sa-ed in large nu:,-.bers on
b- ,ds A st-11-tjl- g tc
tlx ,n ')rc;1%Tn. Efforts aie ,-.,ade to get or&a.rdisti.s -'-o spray
for tiis -oest."
Misscuri L F 5: eTr-m Mar (;h 2 c5 to he vvidply dir tri.bu+ ed over the
e n t ff, 'e S t a t e cS 4 n e c) rc, r t o n e s e e n -'I- he ZD
Win, C z as as t- ,:-y .re th's v,:-;.r'-er,
-ath f ra t g r kw e 3
e; Z: r!- and uj
Til o 4" e the young lice as
cenqp- -;S" tho j, I y have been
hat c h L-t .g at and s ,ua of the trees
are also very hee7iily
k-'P"il 19). "This insect sepTns to be coming 1-inder the control
Of it natural enariies. They haw not yet started to Migioate in central Missouri. Aj les are in bloom a+, the pf DCWt ti=
andwe exPect rnigratiun soon."
ROSY APPLE APHIS (Anurarhis roseu2 Baker)
New York C. P. Crosby and assistants (April 18). "Small numbers of these
aphids were observed during the past week at Ithaca and
Pennsylvania S. r. Frost (April 15). "Very little infestation by rosy apple
aphis in this part of the State this year."
New Jersey M. D. Leonard (April 9). "A few stem mothers observed on
opening buds at Pompton."
Maryland E. N. Cory (April 14). "Rosy apple aphids were much more
numerous than usual in the Hagerstown region. Rainy weather
interfered with spraying and lime-sulphur was applied too
late to have much effect."
Oregon A. L. Lovett (April 15). "Newly hatched hymphs appeared in
orchards near Corvallis on March 30. Nymphs appeared on March
9 in 1921 and on March 19 in 1920."
W7OOLLY APPLE APHIS (Eriosoma laniAerum Hausm.)
New York C. R. Crosby and assistants. "This insect is reported as
serious on young Wealthy trees in an orchard in Orl1eans County.
Infested material has also been observed at Larchmont and in
CODLING MOTH (Carronapsa romone la L.)
Illinois W. P. Flint (April 18). "About 50 per cent of the overwintering
brood on trees in orchards had pupated by April 14. Apple
blooms just opening today. Peach in full blcom."
Missouri L. Haseman (April 19). "This insect seems to be less numerous
than usual. lTe believe this to be due to the short crop of
last year. Overwintering larvae are pupating here in breeding
cases but no moths have, apparently, emerged tc date."
CIGAR CASE-BL\PIR (Coleopihora fIetcherel 1j, Fern.)
New York C. R. Crosby and assistants. "This insect is being, observed in
neglected orchards in small numbers in Ulster, Columbia, and
Missouri A. C. Burrill (March 18). "Never have been in a State where
this test is so common. 41ost of the larvae have passed the
BUD MOTH (Tmetocera ocel 1-ta D. S.)
Connecticut D. A. Porter (April 11). "First larvae observed entering a
bud on this date at Wallingford."
(April 22). "Emergence from hibernation has been very slow, due to cold weather. On this date by actual count not over
25.Cper cent of the larvae have left winter -quarters."
New York C. R. Crosby and assistants reported this insect as abundant
in Columbia County and observed in small numbers in Ulster
and Grleane Counties*
Pennsylvania S. T7. Frost (April 15)o "The bud moth. seems to be abundant
Orgson A. L. Lovett (April 10). "The fist larvae were observed
feeding and active on this date at Corvallis."
LESSMBPBUD MOTH (Rewurv ria nella Huebn.)
Connecticut D. A. Porter (April 10). "Numerous moths have left winter
9qrters and are entering apple buds which are now showing
one-fourth to one-half inch of green at Wallingford."
)-BANDFD LEAF-ROLLER (Eu...velutinana 71alk.)
Pennsylvania Z. V. Frost (April 15). "Adults issued from their hibernating
quarters on April 13 in Adams County. Up to this date no eggs
have been laid."
TETT CATERPILLAR (MAlacosoma america Fab.)
Massachusetts H. T. Fernald (April 5). "Tent caterpillarsegg;masses are
very abundant in the eastern part of the State, and more so
in the western part than was the case last year. At Amherst,
eggs were hatching from the !2th to the 14th of April; in Plymouth County they were hatching on the 5th; in Bristol
County on the 7th; and in Essex County, near HLverhill, on the
Rhode Island A. E. Stene (April 25). "I have found large numbers of the
tent caterpillars hatching, and we are apparently going to
have them in unusual abundance."
Cowtecticut D.A. Porter (April 8). "Eggs of this species are commencing
to hatch at W7alliggford."
New York E. P. Felt (April 24). "MIr. L. V1. Jones reports that eggsiad
nests are common at Bainbridge."
Delaware C. 0. Houghton (April 18). "Eggs were hatching here on 1,arch
29. Nests of this species appear to be more nuerous~rhan
usual this year about Newark."
Oregon A. L. Lovett (April 14). "The northwestern tent caterpillar,
a D uviafls Dyar, seems to be more common than usual
this year about Corvallis. First eggs were observed hatching
on this date."
CADERWORMS Palearita firnata Peck and p1onetaria Harris )
New York G. F. Smith (March 14). '"oths of the spring cankerworm are
ascending the trunks of trees in considerable numbers."
Ohio He A. Gossard (April 27). "Cankerworm eggs received from
Cleveland were hatching April 24."
Wisconsin E. L. Chambers (April 6). "Female moths of the spring cankerworm have been seen on trees since March 30. Egg laying has
not yet been observed at Whitewater. Fall cankerworm eggs
were laid in large numbers in November. These have notyet
begun to hatch."
BUFFAND TRE E-OPPER (C& AJhb2U1A Fab.)
New York J. B. Palmer (April 15). "Young peach trees were injured
considerably by the egg punctures of this insect at Owego.
We also noticed considerable damage to young apple trees in
Onondaga and Chautauqua Counties."
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "Numerous twigs showing injury by
this insect have been sent in, particularly from the northern
part of the State."
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (April 15). "Because of the leafless condition
of the trees, we have received inquiries concerning the work
of this insect which seems to have been prevalent in the
orchards last season."
Missouri A. C. Burrill. "Very heavy infestation must have occurred
last year in Cape Girardau County where practically all of
the young trees had hundreds of egg scars."
SAN JOSE SCALE (Aj idj" erniQiomsComst.)
Rhode Island A. E. Stene (April 25). "The San Jose scale is showing up
in larger numbers than at any time during the past three
or four years."
New York C. R, Crosby and assistants reported this insect as occurring
quite generally over Wayne County.'
Maryland F. N. Cory (March 16). "This insect seems to be on the upiward
swing of a cycle of increase, from observations made at Preston,
Easton, Denton, Berlin, Snow Hill, and Princess Abe."
(March 24). "This increase seems to be due to the great reduction of natural enemies following the almost total absence
of this scale for a period of years.
Ohio H. A. Gossard (April 27). "During late March and April the
San Jose scale was received from many points throughout the
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "As in neighboring States, the San
Jose scale has increased in Indiana and is now doing a great
amount of injury. Counts in Indiana show a low comparative mortality similar to that reported by Chandler in Illinois
in the last number of this Bulletin."
Illinois S. C. Chandler (April 13). "Very little burning of leaves in
plats sprayed with dormant sprays when leaves were one-half
inch long. Oils were little or no worse than sulphur."
Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (March 17). "Campaigns carried on at Sheboygan
and Beloit in 1918-20 were, apparently, successful. An extensive
control campaign is being put on this spring at 7hitewater and
an eradication project of this pest is under way at LaCrosse.
This scale is not thriving but will survive most winters."
Missouri L. Haseman (March 25). "The San Jose scale during the past
summer and full spread more rapidly than usual and most of
the commercial-bearing orchards have trees badly encrusted.
A State-'vide campaign has been started in Missouri this winter,
looking to the development of a more general application of
(April 19). "14ost encouraging reductions have been secured by the campaign started earlier in the 4pking. Last year
was a favorable one for scale increase."
OYSTER-SHELL SCALE (Leridosarhe ulm L.)
New York C. R. Crosby and assistants reported considerable infestation
throughout the apple-growing sections of the State."
Ohio H. A. Gossard (April 27). "During late Yarch and throughout April
specimens of thre oyster-shell scale were received from many points
throughout the State."
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "The oyster-shell scale is most abundant
and destructive in the northern half of Indiana. From last
year's experience we are not strongly recommending dormant
spraying for the control of this pest. These observations seem to indicate that all eas of the one-brood species hatch within
a period of twelve or fourteen days. Sirilar observations on the
hatching of this pest have been made by .r. H. F. Dietz."
Nebraska HIt. H. Swenk (April 15). "Numerous inquiries have been received
concerning the oyster-shell scale during the past month."
Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (April 18). "This insect is important enough to
require control measures in the southern part of the State."
APPLE FLEA WFEVIL (Orchestes pallicernis Say)
Illinois S. C. Chandler (April 3). "First adult of the season observed
at 01ney on this date."
(April 13). "First eggs of the season observed on this date.
Many weevils on trees, mostly mating. Considerable injury on
trees which are not well leaved out."
Ohio H. A. Gossard (April 27). "The apple flea-weevil was observed
to be appearing very numerously in orchards not cultivated at
Delaware, Ohio, April 7 and 6. The earliest corners were noticed April 5. By April 19 the entire brood appeared to be active and
had done severe damage to the buds and partly unfolded leaves."
EULCROPEPI RED !ITF (Paratetranvchus pilosus C.& F.)
Connecticut Philip Jazrman (April 23). "Eggs slightly more abundant than
last :ear in New Haven County."
New York C. R. C-ojoy and assistants reported the eggs of this insect
as comparatively abundant in Tompkins, Broome, Ulster, and
Pennsyl- S. W. Frest (April 15). "This insect is noticeably serious
vania this spring in Adars County."
Maryland E. N.:Cory (April 18). "A preliinary survey of most of the
eastern shore and part of western Maryland has disclosed
this rite in- the following places: Denton, Easton, Skirpton,
College, Branchville, Havre de Grace, Curberland, Lonacoming,
and 0 idtown4"
PEAR THRIPS (Taithrins inconseaues Uzel)
New York C. R. Crosby and assistants reported this insect as appearing in
great numbers where infestation was bad last year in Ulster County.
Their first date of appearance in Columbia County was April 9. By April 15 they were abundant and inside of the buds in this county.
By April 15 they were found in large numbers in Nassau County and
also quite plentiful in parts of Orleans County."
PEAR PSYLLA (Psylia yricola Foerst.)
Connecticut Wv. E, Britton (April 13). "Eggs very abundant on twigs on this date.
Apparently they have just been laid. This insect is seemingly
more abundant than usual."
New York C. R. Crosby and assistants. "Flies were appearing in Orleans
County on Mlarch 12. First eggs were found in Ontario County on
March 23 and in Ulster County on April 5. Flies were abundant and egg laying was progressing in Uonroe County on April 5. By April 7
eggs were found in abundance in 7ayne County. On April 8 adult
flies were abundant in Genesee County and fairly abundant in Columbia
County. Eggs .-ere observed for the first time on April 11 at
Geneva. By April 14 egg laying was progressing rapJdly in Genesee
County while very few eggs were observed in Onondage County. On
April 15 flies were found in large numbers in Nassau and Columbia
SANEJOSE SCALE (Aqnidi:otus aernicisus Comst.)
New York J. B. Palmer (April 8). "Several young trees badly infested in
Georgia 0. I. Srapp (April 13). "The winter sprays have failed to control
the San Jose scale in a number of orchards in the Georgia peach
belt this year. In one large orchard that had received a thorough
application of 1-8 lime-sulphur solution thousands of crawlers
were noticed on this date and many practically full-gro n living
PEACH BORER (Aeveria exi i.a Say)
New York C. R. Crnsby and assistants report that 5 acres of young peaches
in Ulster County. are seriously infested. Badly infested orchards
were also noticed in Nassau and Monroe Counties.
Georgia 0, I, Snapp (April 13). "All growers exceedingly well pleased over
results obtained from paradichlorobenzene. A quarter of a million pounds were used by the con.ercial growers in the State last fall.
Results of much experience with the use of this chemical in
orchards containing young trees are encouraging."
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "Paradichlorobenzene is now being used
by practically all peach growers of the State, as well as by a
great many who only have a few trees."
TWELVE-SYOTTED CUCUMBERP BEETLE (Diabrofica duodecirrrmunctata Fab.)
Georgia 0. I. Snapp (April 1). "During the latter part of March and the
first of April these insects were quite abundant on peach blooms often eating from the calyces and destroying the small peaches."
PLUM CUFCULIO (Conotrachelus neiunhr Hbst.)
Georgia 0. I. Snapp (April 13). "The curculio suppression 1., campaign
of 1921 is, without doubt, responsible for the decrease in the
number of adults appearing from hibernation as compared with last
season. First adults appeared LIarch 4. First insects noted in the field April 3. First larvae noticed April 6 at insectary."
Louisiana T. H. Jones. "First evidence of injury noted on March 29. Very
small larvae and young drops have been observed. Drops plentiful
April 17 under the same trees and larvae nearly full grown at
RED-NECKED CANE-BORER (AgMiI rufic anis Fab.)
Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (April 18). "Injurious in small fields about
Miadison. Distribution irregular."
ROSE SCALE (Aulacaspis ra Bouche )
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "The rose scale has been repeatedly
received the past month. In all cases the host has been
CURRANT APHiIS (Myzus ribi L.)
New York P. J. Parrott (April 10). "Observed on the opening buds for the
first time this year at Geneva."
LIPORTED CURPANT "ORM (Pteronidia ribesi Scop.)
Delaware C. 0. Hogghton (April 16). "Observed both males and females
about the bushes and found a few leaves eaten by the newly
hatched larvae at Newark on this date."
GPAPETIE EPIMEN'v S (Psychomrnrha Lei eris Drury)
Delaware C. 0. Houghton (April 16). "Observed this species ovipositing
on grapevines. The eggs wer6 deposited at intervals of a
fe'r seconds and were tucked away in crevices in the bark
and around the bodies. The time was 2 p. m."
STRIPED TREE CRICKET ( 0c- nit riccrnig Talk.)
New York C. R. Crosy (March 9). 'Infested canes were received on
this date from Sanborn."
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "Eggs of this insect in grape,
raspberry, and peach twigs have been sent to us frequently
the past few months."
GP.APE FLEA-BEETLE (Hiltica chluga Ill.) Indi~I jc, Jbe 111.) .
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "Adults %.ere received from one
correspondent at New Albany April 11 with the report that
it 'as burning and eating grape patches."
' .t~ Glvetoselis suaul'+a Crotch:
Nevada C. Creel (April 21). "Er, J. H. ittener, county agent
of Clark County,reports thdt this insect is doing serious
damage to all vineyards in Las Vegas Valley. They, apparently,
do their work at night, boring small holes into the buds
just before leafing out, eating out, presumably, the heart of the bud gro th and spend the day hiding under the bark of the vines. This is the first report of this insect to
come to the attention of the University of Nevada."
ORIDA FOER THRIP (Frarkinella hisrinosu roiectu
Florida Jff Chaffin (April 6). "Mr. T2m. Gonmne reports thit he has
not seen this insect so bad in years as it is this year in Polk County. A similar report is sent in from Lee County
by Mr. H. E. Stevens and by Mr. C. D. Kime from Orange County."
CITRUS 7HITE FLY (Dialeurodes eitri Ashm.)
Florida Jeff Chaffin (April 15). "There is a great deal less infestation
by the white fly this year than last, probably due to climatic
conditions which favored fungous diseases."
TRUCK CROP INSFCTS
r(P" I"Th0 Alrl1 721Th NCO
POT/TO FTLL (Letinctarea drecenlin -ata Say)
Vis so Uri A. C. Burrill (Aril 19"). "The first b-ctle cee ibcve -,rcunO
this yeur %vas observed today south of Kansao City."
Florida Jeff Chaf fin ( ;pril 10). _r. Jjrres Kerr reports that this insc-ct
is rncre abundant than usual at Chiple:y in 7'Va-shir-:1tm n C.-zV.A-. In the north:;cst ;,rn part of the State on the p- nin: ula arcunri Ha-siin -s
where thous anirds cf bushels are rorwn one nuv ,r s ees this beetle. '
Louisiana T. H. Jones. Tr. C. E. Smith repor-ts that the first cswere
obcserved outdoors on 1"arch 18 at B&.ten Rcui7-. On April 5, the adults were nurous and eggs and young larvae, xero obscrve3d in
SEED-CORA'! 1 AGGOT (Hyleryia cilicrura Rond.
New. Jersey D. E. 'Pink (Ppril 15. "This insect is now abundant throughout
the sovithern ha1Z oY' the State and at Dividing Cr, ek in the extremne southern part of the &.tate it has neve-r before been observed
in such numbers- Although in evidence from the first of the
month, they really becare veryv abundant only within the past four
or five days. They are already depositing egg s in the soil and
such crops as peas, bea-ns, and potatoes ray show injury very soon."
IEAF-FOOTFD PLAYX'-?UG (:Le op-r-ssus phylWous L.)
Louisiana T. H-. Jones (A-pril 10). Ir. G_ L. Tiebout reports daraJ7.0 by the
adults in Tar.gipahoa P~rish Lind about Baton Rouge, the injury consisting of wil-ting of the terrinal rrow~th due to feedin,7."
SOT3q TI GREEN PLAYcT-bUG (Nezara viridula L.)
Lou4.siana T.. H.. Jonus (April 12). "C. TJ. Davis reports that these insects
are gi-w ncg a good deal of trouble in this section at Homer. They
suck the top of the plants and the bud inziodiately wilts. These
plants do not die but rarely Lamount to anything."
(April 5). ".Adults arec numerous on radish which is going to seed and are comr-.n on Irish potatoes at Eatcn Rouze. The wilting of terminal growth of the latter is coorrcn. Lgg clusters and srall
nyrphs wore also observed on this date."
T-ichobaris rnuceo-a LeG.
Arizona Don C. 1rote (AJpril 3). "YMr. Skinner reports that this beetle
is abundant on young tomatoes, dozens feeding upon each plant in the garden at Tempe. The feeding habits are sorr-erThat different
from, these of Ulus crassiis. The beetles gouge furrov::s in the stern
extending from the soil line about one-half an inch up the plant."
April 15. "Er. Skinner reports that all the beetles have disappeared.
Ulus crassus Lec.
lrizona Don C. 'ote (March 30). "Vr. R. Bevin reports that this insect
has never been noticed in his district before, though they were
very abundant last July in another district. Practically all
the tomato plmts are girdled near the soil line in the Salt
River Villey north of Phoenix. The beetles feed on the sters, which they girdle, and when the plant falls they collect in the
shade and feed upon the fallen plant. Beetles were observed
mating on this date."
CABPBAGE MCGOT (Hyleryia brassicae Bouche)
New York H. C. Odell (April 14). "First adults were observed on this
date in Nassau County."
I1'PORTED CABBAGE 'CP M (Pontia ranae L.)
Delaware C. 0. Houghton (April 16). "Adults are quite numerous here now.
They were first observed on April 8."
C.BB;GE APHIS (Brevicorvne brasicae L.) New
lexico R. Eiddlebrook (April 7). "These insects made their appearance
very late in Donna Anna County, and seem to be very few in numbers. Coccinellid beetles are quite numerous among the
HARLEQUIN CABBAGE BUG (E.ureantia histrionica Hahn)
Louisiana T. H. Jones (April 4). "!.r. R. '. Axt reports that the adults
are common on radishes about Baton Rouge. No other stages have
been observed to date."
TWELVE-SPOTTFD CUCtBFR BEETLE (Diabrotica duodecimrunctata Fab.)
Mexico R. Middlebrook (April 1). "These beetles are extremely abundant
this year, especially on cabbage, where they have seriously
affected 50 per cent of the plants and have killed out the
cabbages at Rincon, Hatch, and Garfield."
ONION THRIPS (Thrips tabaci Lind.)
Delaware C. 0. Houghton (April 1). "A thrips, probably this species,
has seriously injured cabbage in the University greenhouse at
Newark this winter."
STRAWBERRY HOOF-WMNZIL (Ot iorhvnciu6 ru ,ifrons Gyll.)
Oregon S. h. VanTrimp. "Twenty-twvo pur cunt of all stra~vburries
inspected in Marion and Polk Couxititjs are infe ste-d. The
]percentage of infestation a~o(es not ap ,ear so gruat ,-s last year owing to the fact that the infEs-.(d territory of 19D21
has rnot been inspectlec. this year."
STRATiBERRY LE AF-ROLLLR (Mnis _q ja~ Proehi.)
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). nunber of rc~quests for control
of this insect have bezna-i i~d.
STRA"VBERRY FLEA-BETLE (Haltica .rita Ill.)
L oui s iana T. H. Jones (Mlarch 17). "Mr. P. Dr,-ut :&ot at tnl-y ar, ;
egivirg the farmers no :;ncL of trouclu thlii SJ _son at Ponch,,toula."
STRIh.1BaRY L kF-B=E. (Paria can-.3iL. Fab.)
Louisiana T. ii. JoflCs ( Iarch 4). l"iir. C. E. S-Lith rul arts that con idurable aernagze has bcee.n noted by these insects in tnu fi--.lz of
STRIAiBERRY VWOELVIL (Anthonornus sign,-,tus Say)
Maryland J. A. Hyslo-p (ALpril 12). "Quite seriously cutting the- buds in
the southe-asturn part of Montgomury County, much more njmru
than last year. Se.vere killing frosts, ovehave djestroy-'a
the- crop to such an extent thlat tne. an.ouzit of wuuvil injiary
can not be e stimattea."l
MEXICAN BEAN 13EETLE (E-pilacrna corrupta ivuls.)
Georgia N. F. 'How.ard (!'arch 29). "This betehas not ii yot bee-.n
observed in th, Jd but ob6srvations in h-'be rriting cages
indicate a very highll percentages of svrvivai. No beans are- up in the field in thte Birmingern district. At Thomasville, Ga., near the Florida line, a f1 w beans are uip and in onQ instance
thle bei tlcs have been observed in the field; hcl- also, the
Survival ove,-r winter -r is very 'high. Great deocase in sale of beans by city merc:halnts in Bizmingham indicates an appreciable
reduction of bean acreage. due to this pest."
PEA JAPHTS (Illinoia pisi Kalt.)
California Roy E. Cxipbell (April u~."Careful inspections of the pea
fields of the Santa Clara Valley, rvherc- several thousand acres
of both cannery and markLet peas were very severely damaged a
year ago by the pea aphis, failed to showv the presence of the aphis up to April 20, except in very small nurbers. Only two
fields were found in which the aphis w;au present in sufficient numbers to indicate that any possible darage would be done this season. The peas are well in bloom, and harvesting will bezin in less than a ronth; therefore, all indications point to little
or no damage from the pea aphis in this section for the present
Delaware C. H. Popence (April 28). "The pea aphis has appeared in such
threatening numbers in Delaware as to attract the attenticn of
STRIPED CUCUMBER BFETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "This insect has not yet made its appearance, probably due to the frequent cold rairs which have appeared
in this section."
Missouri A. C. Burrill (April 22). "First adult observed today near Utica."
MELON APHIS (Anhis gossypii Glov.)
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "Requests for information relative to the
control of this insect have been received throughout the spring."
Florida Jeff Chaffin. "On April 1 Mr. H. E. Stevens reported that this
insect had nimale its appearance within the past ten days in the
Fort Vyer district where it did severe damage last year to waterrelons. K. C. Moore reported on April 6 that complaints were
being received from farmers all over Parion C~unty."
SQUASEl BUG (Anasa tristis DOeG.)
Nebraska M1. H,. Swank (April 15). "The squash bug was reported as coming
from hibernation in Holt County and in Deuel County a few days
F OREST AND SHADE-T RFE ITFT SE CT
GIPSY MOTH jorthetria disrar L.)
Connecticut '. E. Britten (IApril 24). "eoutin.* by State and Federal
men shows a wi espread scattered infestation throughout Tolland,
Hartferd, a..d the northern edges of Litchfield and Middlesex Counties. Even V'olcott, in New Haven County, is slightly infested. This about dcubles the area in Ccnnecticut known to have been infested last year. Increase apparently due to
wind spread in 1920 and 1921. In a few cases old e clusters
were found which hatched in 1921 and new ones near by."
IUMrBFLLA AFT (Atta texanai Buck.)
Louisiana T. H. Jones (Decerber 27, 1921). "A few years ago I recorded,
in the Journal of Economic Entorology, the occurrences of the
ant Atta texana at l enora in Rapides Parish, this State.
I believe this was the first notice in print of its occurrence
outside the State of Texas. I have recently received specirens sent in by Mr. J. H. Cook, of Yinden, La., with the inforation that they were secured frown sec 26 T. 18 R 8 about three miles southwest of Taylor Station (Bienville Parish) on the V. S. and P. R. R." Mr. Cook also writes that he has found a. colony at Minden "that looks like the sare kind." It is quite possible
that were a careful survey made, this ant would be found to have
a much more widespread distribution in the State than our present
BOX ELDER PLAT-BUG (Bentocoris trivittatus Say)
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (April 15). "Indicatiors are that this insect will
bc unusually obnoxious this year. They were reported coming
out from hibernation in Hamilton County on Varch 12th, in Phelps
County and Boone County on Yarch 17th and from other Counties
later on in March."
OYSTFR-SEELL SCALE (Lenidosanhos ulri L.)
New York C. R. Crosby and assistants (April 18). "These insects have
been reported as very abundant in Ulster County and also in
Ithaca on ash trees."
Andricus coronus Bat.
Georgia 0. I. Snapp (March 25). "Very bad on water oaks used as
ornamentals in Fort Valley."
LOCUST BORER (Cyllene robiniae Forst.)
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "The locust borer has been reported ad
destructive by several corresrcndents in southern Indiana."
PINE BARK LOUSFE (Cherres riniccrticis Fitch)
Delaware C. 0. Houghton (April 17). "Vore abundant than usual about
Vri ringt cn."
Hissouri A. C. Burrill (April 13). "Underside of limbs of trees at
Shelbyville were white for several yards, alr.cst as though
whitewashed fror below."
DOUGLIS FIR TFT CATFRPILLAR (Euechausia areentata Pack.)
Oregon A. L. Lovett (April 15). "This caterpillar hatches in the fall
and feeds for a tire, passing the winter in compact webs si-ilar
to those of the brown-tail roth of the East. The larvae are
active very early in the sprin,- and are about one-half 7rcwn at
the present date. A tachinid is a very effective parasite of
this insect, destroyin fror 1 to 80 per cent of the caterpillars,
depending upocn the locality. The nest is very general on fir throughout western Oregcn, trees having twelve or more nests."
Pseudo eccus ckstocki Kuwana
New York C. R. Crosby (February 27). "Observed shrubs badly infested with
this scale insect in Nassau County."
GREF NHOLUS E AND 0 RV A?,.1FNT ALS
L10 XTIC oj
POK,700D J,'T'1,',,j'-Tj TTr1 Wonar-4-hror),ilnu-, bu:,:i L ibou.)
Ne -, Ycrk C. R. Crosby (Yarch 6). "Patches badly infestr-1 at Sea Clif f
F. P. Felt (Aprij 24-). 1,r. 17leut ,,nrrue.ler reports that the boxwood' leaf-mid---re is quite abundant an -' injurious in 7oodlawn
Ceriatery in New York Cit,,;."
Pari 7 11tet----,qn-chus vothersi .'cGremr"This insect did serious inlur-, at I., arylknd F. N. Gowv- ,(Ap-il 16)
Favre c, l --;-4ace ---nd PaItirore last year and was observed for
the, fir3t tjx e this year on the above date."
(Dia -thronoryia hTo-aea L ,,ew )
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "The va-11-rid 7e has bnon
the suuject of nunero-us inrlu rics fror, florists. rhis is one
of the rcst serious pests in Indiana."
GRFFNF0USF riFRIT'S ha -norrh-idalis Rcuche)
New York C. R. Crosby (Iarch 17). "Radly infested chrysantheL-,un plants
v !ere ,-en+l in fror Oneida on this date."
FU 0 17 Y1 US -7 0 ALE, ( C h -*- o n ---, s r, s o u o n ym j C-) r s t
Nw., Yc rk 1",. P. Felt (April r. R. F. Horsey reports that this
insect has been so abur-daxit in Fifrhland Park on Euon,.Trus
radicals its var.*(. ties that, %,vil-h the exception of one
plartin-i, tiiey are'a'-,. 3ut t-c -ithin 6 or 8 inches ,f the
[-roL nd and crrayed r-is-ible oil This pest has caused
gre"tc r loss than :-.ny scale insect in recent years. It is
not rearlily contrr iled on evert-Ireer 41.-recs since the leaves
are. spoil(,d oith spraying -.7 Lith oil."
Uarvland 11. D. Leonard (Apri-1 ",A). "Funny-us bushes badly infest d at
CY0L1,':['V 1-ITF (Tarsonerus pallidus. Banks)
s c o, no in F. L. Char--.uers (Yarch 20). "Unusually sevf--re losses in -rt.onhouses during tli-ie winter in Vadison,, Bel6it, and l'ill,;aukee.
One Beloit florist reports 6CO cyclamens a total loss."
IUIOMDF.DP.ON DORFP (Sesia rhododendri Beut.)
Connecticut W. E. Britton (April. 24). 'Teri4ous injury tc plants at
New Haven and South Ifanchester. Nothing like it has been
seen around here before. !'any plants are' dead."
ROSE SCALE (Aulgas-) sis rcsac Ecuche). N~ew York C. R. Crosby and assistants (March 2E). "Bladly infested roso
bushes observed at Newburgh and Ithaca."
F. P. Felt (A-pril 24). "Scrnwhat numerous on both noss and
migo.r;a 7031o vrrirtips in F-ighland Park, thou.2h it does not
seeni to bother other roses in the sare patch."
HO USEE 0 HOLD INSECTS
YRIAPODS (Juls sp.)
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (April 15). "Last fall there was an unusual
number of milipedes, In many localities in the State they
became a pest, trying to rake their way into the basements
of houses, both on farms and in the cities. Reports during the period above covered (March 15-April 15) indicate their
continued presence in basements and under the mulching of
TE2RMITES (Reticuliterres flaviDes Kol.)
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "Have received several reports from
the southern half of the State within the past two weeks,
reporting injury in dwellings."
Louisiana Ed. Foster (April 6). "Serious structural damage to a dwelling
house through this insect is reported from New Orleans. In
this case the insects swarmed a couple of days ago, somewhat
late for this region. This is the third call that I have had
and in no case has any creosoted timber been used in construction."
INSECTS ATTACKING DOMESTIC ASNTEALS
OX WARBLE (Hypoderra lineatu DeVill. and f. bovis DeG.)
Indiana J. J. Davis (April 15). "This insect is rather nore severe at
Lafayette than this tire a year ago."
Illinois W. P. Flint (April 18). "A very few raggots in advance stage
of development were observed at Aurora on this d&te."
T&xas F. C. Bishopp (April 28). "Reports received on these pests
show that the infestation of the past winter and spring has
been unusually irregular. The abundance of grubs was about normal in southwestern and north-central Texas but in central
west Texas they seen to be more numerous than usual."
Louisiana T. H. Jones (April 15). "Horseflies and deer flies have already
begun to appear in this section, though as yet not in numbers.
The first specimen was taken March 26 and up to date what appeared to be the following species were taken: Tabanus megierlei, T. nurilus, 1. triraculatus, Chrvsops ike, C.
allidus, and C. uv ."
HORN FLY (Haemjba irritans L.)
Texas F. C. Bishopp. "The first horn flies appeared in the vicinity
of Dallas about March 10. They became sufficiently numerous
by April 1 to be very annoying to livestock, out their abunanxce
is probably not above normal."
SCREI-WORM (Chrysomya macellaria Fab.)
Texas F. C. Bishopp(April 26). "These flies are reported cy Ar. D. C.
Posrman to have appeared aoout tne midaule of April in swarms greater
than have been observed since the Bureau station was estaOlisnea at Uvalde nine years ago. Their abundance on th. plateau region at Sonora, as reported by Mr. O. G. Babcock, is about normal for this time of year and their prevalence in the vicinity of Dallas
is practically normal. Their unusual abundance in the sotthwestern part of the State, however, indicates that the opruedations of the insect will probably be heavier than normal this year. The
rains wiica have occurred throughout west Texas will, no doubt,
favor tneir breeding in that region."
BLACK BLOW-FLY (Phormia reina Mleig.)
Texas F. C. Bishopp (April 28). "This species, wtich i3 responsible for
wool maggots in sheep in the Southwest, was very abundant in the
vicinity of Dallas in March and is still increasing. Mr. 0. G.
Babcock reports this species to be unusually abundant for the
middle of April in the vicinity of Sonora."
BITING LOUSE OF CATTLE (Trichodectes scalaris Nitz.)
New York R. Matheson. "Large quantities of material, showing serious
infestation by this pest, were receive from Schuylerville,
in January, and from McnGraw, in March."
Texas F. C. Bishopp (April 28). "This species was not as prevalent
throughout north-central Texas as it has been in many years,
but a very few heavily infested animals were observed."
SUCKING LICE OF CATTLE
Texas F. C. Bishopp (April 28). "None of the three species of sucking
lice were as abundant on cattle the past winter and spring as is
usual in this section."
CATTLE SCAB (Psoroptes cormmunis Furst.)
California (Weekly news letter, State of California Department of Agri culture)
(April 15). "Last week Dr. Edward Records, State Quarantine
Officer of Nevada, notified Chief of the Division of Animal Industry
of this State that six bulls had been purchased frcm a herd in
Carson Valley, Nevada, where cattle scab is known to exist, and
shipped to California in the vicinity of Topaz and Coleville.
Measures are being taken to prevent tre introduction of this pest
from the colony established in California."
POULTRY FEATFhER !'ITE (Lirnnsus silviarr Can. & Fanz.)
Indiana J. J. Davis (April15i). "Poultry feather rite again showed up in
abundance at Laf a-ette. Experirent11s conducted by Tr. Cleveland deronstrated that quite effective results are to be attqined by
the use of superfine sulphur as- a dust fcr winter use."
EPR 1FITE (Otcdect,-s cvnotis Herin' )
I as sac hu- Hi. T. Fernald (Anril 25). "Specirens of the ear rsite %,ere found
sctts on January 20, causing ccnsidertible trcuble working in the ears
of d ,rcsticated foxes at a fox farr in this State."
INSECTS ATTACKING STORFrP PRODUCTS
BF.AN rM7VIL (11y2 aris obtectus Say)
Ne-w, York C. R. Crosby and assistants report t1hat there insects continue
tc oe sericus7- roublesoro 4n various parts cf the Sta.-te. In one case at Trur'ansour<,- 20,000 busliels ocf beanc are infested."
Neoraska Mr. H. Swenk (April 15). "Cor-plaints of injury by stored-grain
pests are decreasin- in nurroer. The tear, weevil has, however,
been r-iore than usual!,, obnoxicus in stored beans, both in warehouses and her es."
7isCo ns in S. B. Fracker (Yarch 17). "Ccrplaints of darrage fron this source
nuch rore nuz erous thanL usual during the past w-Ainter."
7r19ITE-17AKD SPIDER BPTTLF (Pt'lus fu' L.)
7Tisccnsin S. B. Frac.-er (I'arch 17). '"Verv nur-erous in clover seed at v-hclesale seed houses associated vwith. other cci-r-on stcred-prodcuct
South Dakota H. C. Severin (April 22). "'This insect was ruch r-cre abundant
last year than in for'_--er years. It .iid considerable ha- to bags of flour and stored oats and. b'ar-2ey ove r the eastern halfL
0 A the State."
BLACK C.ARPET BFTTF (Attaenus ziceus Oliv.)
New York C. R. Crosby end assistants (I'arch 15). "Reports of rather::
serious inf estation of hcuseholcls :r receivEd frcr7 Rchestor
Tro.,oder a tarszl-e T'es.
Indiana J. J. Davit& (April 15). "Larvae reported as doin- considerable
daru'c-e tc torc,3ato seed by an Indianar.olis seed house. Cculd get no specirens but frcTm the description it was, &pparently,
?TDITFRRAWTAN FLOUR p0VTH (Frnhestia kuehriiella, Zell.)
Iowa. F. D. Butcher (April 18) ""ill ins ects have stz rted t-. appear
this sprin,-,. Cc:riplaiats about the editerraneaan flour r'oth
are recst nut six us. However,7 a fe: rc~orts of the square-necked
and se2-toothed grain bectles ha-7c been received."
INDIIPN.4TAL 1'OTH (Plcdi. int, rpunctblla li-Tn.)
Delaw:aro C. 0. Hcwu-Ltcn. walnutss purchased at a local rocery strrc last
fall were fr~und to be 100 per cent infested by this insect."M
I. IIIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 3 1262 09244 4719