The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
78p. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00002

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
    Outstanding entomological features of May 1921
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Cereal and forage crop insects
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
    Fruit insects
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
    Southern field crop insects
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
    Truck crop insects
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
    Forest and shade tree insects
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
    Greenhouse and ornamental plants
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
Full Text







T HE INSECT PEST SURVEY

BULLETIN,



A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States.





















Volume 1. June 1, 1921. Number 2.


B UR E AU O F E NTO MO0LOGY

U NITE D STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AN D

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATI NG.












CUTSTAIDING EN1TOMOLOGICAL FEATURES OF MAY 1921


The chinch bug situation in the Mi ssissipli Valley corn belt is still the most serious entomlogical feature reported to the Survey. The outbreak, from present information, covers the north central part of Texas; all of Okla'hoFa
( except the three northwestern counties and the southeastern prrt of the State east of a line extending from Bryant to Adair Counties); the six northwestern counties of Arkansas;
the eastern third of Kansas; southern two-thirds of :.iiisouri ( being worst in Jasper, Newton, and Scott Counties); touching south central Nebraska from Frankrlin to Thayer Counties; and southeastern Uowa from Ringgold to Louisa Counties; thence crossing southern half of illinois; narrowing to a belt across indiana, extending from Vigo to Posey Counties on the west and Allen and Wayne Counties on the East; and ending in a slight infestation in the northwestern counties of Ohio, and the southeastern border of Michigan.

The hessian flyfhas appeared in noticeable numbers in
Guilford County, North Carolina, and Barnwell County, South Carolina, In Ohio the worst fields will probably be about one-half infested, and the average infestation will probably be much lower. In Indiana the situation is more serious, the insect being abundant over the southern part of the State as high as 99 per cent of the stalks being attacked, and as far north as Lafayette infestation ranges from 50 to 90 per cent, Illinois reports the outbreak as about normal.
Missouri reports the worst outbreak since 1916 in some cases as high as 78 per cent of the stalks being attacked. In Oregon there is a normal infestation, being about a quarter less severe than last year, with from 26 to 30 per cent of the stalks attacked.

The pale western cutworm is again present in destructive numbers in Montana and Colorado. In Montana it is estimated that from 10 to 75 per cent of the small grain will be destroyed in the counties infested, and in Colorado thousands of acres are being plowed out and reseeded to a catch crop.

The western wheat-stem maggot is seriously infesting
wheat in central Montana. The last serious outbreak of this pest occurred in 1918.







The pea apis outbrea-k In the 1Aississi',1-1 Valley reported in the last Px1latin seers to I-av died out' but re-orts oj, a ver,-1y ceri-ous outbr'-tk of this insect --n Testern Oregon on vetch ( the -prfincipal hay riroD of the region ) havoc been received. The ExIpcriiueint statio.I is testinG out an a-,hidresistant variety that -:ivcs excellent promise of success.

The two clover-leaf wieevils are very much Llore nruymerous than usual in Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, New Jersey, Oregoni,
Michi!-an, loin., and Missouri.

Flea beetles attacking tobacco seed beds have appeared in serious numbers in Maryland, Vir~inia, and Kentucky.

A newly introduced scale insect is reported as attacking su~ar-cano in Louisiana.

The unusual. outbreak of the seed-omr iagj ot attacking seed potatoes, reported in the last number of the Survey Bullvt]in'P as continued', with the advance of the season, to e::te.-d0 ;icr Dwr alorg the Atlantic seaboard through New Jersey -7-o 3c Wht5and outbreaks have developed Ai~nand as far as Tir fa-irt ine, Yllinois. The most significant featuro of the oulbr ak is t*.-o coincidence of serious damage with the use 0o;.-eanio fertilizers.

A very serious outbreak of cankerworms ( both Bprin# and fall species ) has developed in southeastern W~iscons'in,, entirely -lefoiating the trees in several counties. Less serious outLlren2s are reported from Illinois-, New York,* Connecjticut, and Ohi.o.

Tent caterpillars are more numerous than usual in the New England and Middle Atlantic States.

Reports have been received of a repetition of the
serious outbreak of the achonron sphinx which occurred last year In the vineyards of Iferced County; Ca:Ufornia.

The arborvitae leftf:-m5ner is very seriously nesting the hedges qnd ornaxentA7_#pecinmens of this plant in Connecticut and on Long Island'#-New York.

Serious bagworm outbreaks are under wvay in Arkanas and Missouri.

Unusual rnubers of stable flies in Ok2.ahorrm Kansas, Vebraska, and parts of the Dakotas are reported, and a
repetition of' the serious outbreak of last year in which live stock suffered and far~i operations were suspendiet. in~ tlis rdgion is threatened.







INSECT PEST SURVEY SL.L .2IN



VOL. 1. June 1, 1921. No 2.



C REAL A D FOR G E CR 0 1 iiS C T S

WHEAT

CHINCH BUG (Blissus leucopterus Say.)

West VJ E. Rumsey (May 23). "We have received no reports of chinch bug
Virginia. in West Virginia this year."

South Jo M. Eleager, county agent of Saluda County (April 1). "A very
Carolina. light infestation distributed widely over the county"

Ohio. Ho A. Gussard (Aipril 28). "We noticed chinch bu s flying freely at
Wooster today." (May 21). "There are more chinch bugs than usual scattered all over the northern half of the State ,but they are not present in sufficient numbers to be considered a menace. So far as
knovmn to me there are only two or three counties along the western border of the State that have chinch bugs in considerable numbers;
perhaps Defiance County and "!illiam County have more than other counties. I think. there are no unusual numbers at all in Erie,
Ottawa, or Lucas Counties."

Indiana. J. J. Davis (May 17). "A-parently most of the bugs have left thei:
winter quarters and are to be found in fields of small grain, especially wheat and barley. Chinch bugs are as abundant as anticipated and plans are being made for a State-wide campaign. It is
hoped to have one or more companies handling creosote to establish
supply stations in the State."

Illinois. W. P. Flint (iay 17). "The cool spring delayed the flight of chinch
bugs to the vheat. The general flight did not occur until the fist
week of May. Eggs are just being deposited, none have hatched to
date. The most serious outbreaL covers the love half of the Stte ,
the southern line extending across the center of Jackson Cou:nt to
the northeastern corner of Wabash County, anC the northern lie extending across the miCddle of Calhoun County, runnin; acios tle
southern border of Christian County, a'nd incluCing -cticall II of Crawford County. The counties in which examintions l ve been made indicate that the bugs will be fully as bad as &iticio:t & rhaps a little more abundant than ve at first thouEg-t'

Iowva. F. A. Fenton (April 2)). "I saw vteat fields i- eI tal bou. tv
which had been badly taken by clfinch bugs IEst flJ. .t the tim1e of my visit this spring (Apzil 23) the bugs vele ooi-:ig i -Lect but a
lot of then were found in the crass Jlon th a of t,> filcs.
This is the first record of chinch bus in ioL: I eout 25 :as;
at least, as far as our records 22e concerned.









-36


Arkansas. WV. J. Baerg (May 9). "Chinch bugs in this State will probably be
confined to the northwestern corner of the State, extending south
as far as Crawford County and east as far as Carrol County. The
outbreak will probably be very slight."

Miisscuri. A. J. Burrill (March 17). "Chinch bugs unusually numerous in
Scott, Newton, and Jasper Counties. No flight seen or indicated.
In Scott County the chinch bugs were moving out of fence rowvs on
larch 15 and 16 into the corn stubble."


HJSSIAN FLY (Phytophaga destructor Say.)

.iorth Carolina- Franklin Sherman (May 2). "Damage by this insect has been reported by a correspondent from Guilford County. Crop reports to
statisticians also mention the Hessian fly, but it is evidently not
vwase than such outbreaks usually are."

South G. D. Robertson, County Agent of Barnwell County. "In February
Carolina. wheat was a failure, from the effects of Hessian fly over the entire county."

ii nnesota. C 2. Ainslie (Iday 20). "Quite a number of winter wheat fields
were looked at carefully, but I could find no trace of Hessian fly in any of them. Some dipterous (?) larvae had killed some of the
tillers but the pest, whatever it was, had left."

Ohio. Ho :. Gossard (Way 17). "Preliminary investigations regarding
Hessian fly lead us to forecast an infestation of not more than 50 per cent at Larvest time in the worst infested fields and the
average will be nuch lover than this. Some of the progeny of the
spring brood have already reached the *flaxseed" stage. Eggs were
still being laid at Sandusky, hay 17."

indiana. J. Jo Davis (May 17). Hessian fly abundant wherever observations
have been .made in the southern end of the State. The infestation
ranges up to 99 per cent of the stalks infested, and there the
majority are now in the "flaxseed" stage. At Lafayette the fly is also abundant and there are two distinct sizes of larvae, one nearly mature. These are more often to be found in the small dead tillers
Others very snall, probably not many days old, often occur in the larger stalks which have not yet been sufficiently injured to be
evident. The infestation at Lafayette ranges from 50 per cent to 90 per cent. No observations have yet been made in the northern
end of Indiana. There is every evidence that the fly will be very
abundant this coming fall."











Illinois. W. P. Flint (May 17). "Normal outbreaks occur over the entire State.
The weather for the past month has been very favorable to Hessian 1 development. The insects are now about half in the larval stage ana
half in the flaxseed stage."

Missouri. A. F. Satterthwait (Miarch 28). "Hessian fly eggs had become very
numerous on the laboratory wheat between larch 22 and March 26."
(March 28). "At Webster Groves brown puparia are now frequently
found."

H. C. Hensley (April 30). "The Hessian fly is much moro abundant than usual. Present indications are that 15 per cent of the crop
has been damaged in New Madrid County."

Leonard Haseman (May 15). "We will probably have the worst outbreak we have had since 1916. The fly is now mostly in the flaxseed stage. One 4mp1h sent to the Station showed 98 per cent infestat ion with an average of 9 larvae or flaxseeds to the infested
tiller."

Dr. Haseman included with his report a map showing the general infestation of this insect as covering most of the State, with the exception of an area in the south-central part extending from Taney
County on the southwest, Butler County on the southeast, 1ashington
County on the northeast, and Camden County on the northwest.

Oregon. M. M. Reeher and L. P. Rockwood. Tulletin and iillamette Valley.
"The outbreak is about average for the first spring brood, being about 25 per cent less than last year. The first spring flight
was completed by May 1 at ForestoGrove. About 36 per cent of the
plants and 26 per cent of the tillers were infested, while at Micinville 48 per cent of the plants and 30 per cent of the tillers were
infested. The area at Mcinville was mostly winter heat follovdng
spring and showed a high percentage of infestation for late so~n
winter wheat. Two fields at Forest Gove seeded in September during
the fall flight of the Hessian fly had 73 per cent of the plants and
59.5 per cent of the plants, respectively, infested by the first
spring brood. These fields were tinned to from 50 to 70 per cent
of a stand last fall by the fall brood of the flies."

STRAW-WOBM (Harmolita grande Riley.)

Missouri. A. F. Satterthvait (April 28). "The straw-worm is now in the pupal
stage, at least in pert, according to observations of April 25."

JOINTWOMI (Harmolita tritici Fitch.)

Illinois. W. P. Flint (May 17). "This insect is more abundant than usual in
the central part of the State; oviposit ion has taken place in the
central and southern parts of the State during the past week."











Missouri. A. F. Satterthwait (April 28), "Ovipositing in wheat on April 25
at 71ebster Groves."

PAILE IESTIEN CUTWOIEM (Porosagrotis orthogonia Morr.)

Montana. R. A. Cooley. "The pale western cutiorm is again present over the
general territory infested last year, and, if past experience can
be counted on, the losses from this insect in 1921 will be enormous.
However, in one locality in the heart of the infested legion, where since 1918 from 25 per cent to 50 per cent of the acreage seeded has
been a total loss, no damage has as yet shown up."

A. L. Strand (May 10). "About 75 per cent of the winter wheat will be totally destroyed at ?over, Teton County. Calosoea calidum has
been observed preying upon these insects. 10 per cent of the rye at Sweet Grass, Toole County, has already been destroyed, and irany wheat
fields over Hill Cunty are heavily infested and will be a total
loss."

J. WV1 Ma:nning (May 2). "Morze abundant than usual in lEns and
Clark County. Heavy losses of the crop expected."

D WV. Jones (March 4). "Damage to wheat by this insect just beginning to show up. ruch damage expected in Chouteau County."
(May 12 ). "Heavy damage to fall arf springwheat beginning to show
u in Stillwater County."

Colorado. C. P. Gillette (May 24). "This cutwcrm, wThich has attracted so much
attention in Montana, is evidently a native of Colorado and has been
somewhat more active than usual in the winter wheat belt east of the
mountains the present s-ring. Thousands of acres have been sufficiently injured t a make it necessary to plow and put in another
cr opO

WESTERN &WHET-STEA hhGGOT (Hyleavia cerealis Gillette.)

Montana. R. A. Cooley. "Severe losses to fall and spring wheat through
central Lontana have been due t o a recurrence of this insect. It
was first reported here in 1918. As the maggots axe about full
grown, destroyed fields are now being reseeded."

A. L. Strand reports this insect as almost as abundant in Cascade
County as it was in 1918, vhen many thousand acres were necessarily
reseeded. He further states that 15 per cent of the acreage in Hill
County has been destroyed by Ihis insect.

We H Jones reports fran Stillwater County that in many fields the
heat is a total loss.










PEA PHS ( !- 39-ap~



(See &!_,u Truck Crops.)

Illinois. Wj. P. Flint (May 17). "More aburdan then usual in the south'-ern
Part Of' the E'tate but the outbreak is much less SOC;{h-ilst
month, the weather having been favorable for the develommw)1 t of'
parasites, Which have destroyed from 35 to 50 per cent of the a:hids."

Oregon. A. L. Lovett (A nil 12). "The pea aphis has ap-.ea red in serious
abundance in western Oregon on f i ed vetch, Our --rinclCP,8&l hay crop for this region. The infestat ion -,,as first observe d onl 1 12.
Climat ic cond it ions f avo r 3ble to a-)his. developomert had Dx)eva il ed
that is, an unt'sually, e_ nly s-pring follow-ed by coi-_tirued cool rainy 'weath Er. The in.::s1-7t ion is very irregul1ar, voluunteer vstch beinr7
the most heovi-Ly attack ed. Late sovn fields, -_articuiaxly vbere accomp-n. -iec. lyfa -2owiNvn6 arr. a general. oloant';; of ,Urloul(in--s,
show feiw or rx 1ii~, vetch nov; being tested. on the Zt~.tion
variety plat: by1)_co:hu'th-e 2e-:eral Service, 1k_-own -:s
hunga::;;-n vo > 7 has many desirable qualities as
a hay or s1 c, c ra is pzticularly imm-.une, a-ya~ently, to
serious a-,h,',,
f 1e c.2a! ]i : : -e developed slowly. Ccccinellj &!e anC. the
lar~ n"-) A~ h i %,~hiu rn -'ri ) are the ?i'n,7-, f orms.
Hyrenopt.e r ruis -parasites are, and have been in -previo,7s outbreaks,
most cons-icuou's tlv their absence, The f u nmus, FR-":I-sz a
is -pesent in all the fields. The unusual abu,:.ancoc-of a- his 2-rf
the cool moist weather .)ivail ing vrould app ear ideal foc the &v1o
ment of this fxsnevertheless it is of minor econo.-ic i I~~
in control, the estimated mortality f rcm fungous dise se being1 f, *m8 to 14 per cent. Field and garden peas show no ser ious i-nf esta
tion by aphis.'

Hi. A- Schoth (April 21). "Pea a'ahis at Forest Grove getting a start,
on volunteer vetch onl April 2. One or two paxent forms to a ln-.

L. P. Roclsvoo (MIayr 17). "Pea a-his is attackin6 vetch.ii '-ore se riusly than usual. The inf est:t iom-. as 'et is confined to the e :rlwvn
vetch,; bu t winged miSYL nts ar e zapZear 1iig. Last x-eel tile i'Lural
enemies, especian3,ly coccinellhd beetles and syrachids, di excellent work during the fe77 vzarm days, reducing the infesticti on to such an
extent that no inr1,7.ry is ant ici-oated unless the weathEx becov:eS unfavorable for ihlem to a voriz Over a cons iderable Der ioci. Four
species of iQ:s-aand Cogginella. trifasci ata b e ben -,z sent
for at least two or three izeeks, but the weather c o-, c it ios wer e
not favorable for them to work; these and the syi-hirfs axe no
laying eggs.7










-4C
'W1


7,rSSi;R CLIVLi _jLt P '.',Tf,1.VIL (! j .ytonojmns niFrir-ostris Fab.)

1 ew Y or k. J B Det,;riler (11Ly 20) "T'Uis insect is fairly abundant at It',aca,
working j.-.,i the but s, axils of the le, ves, anc in the heacLs. 5 Gme
of the larvae axe in the *last ixLst_ :-r.ll

Ohio. T. H, Parks (i qpril 26). "E"ect dannrge clue t o the back ward conC ition of the jil ants aad the ad-,& rl-,,- d 7-:0 ipment of t1e iiisect over
laSt yeal M -%
Lhi s in. ,oot -,Dromi ,s to th e red c1cvcx se-rio-os17 in Daike, ;helby 1:iarrd LP alff cxk Count iE;s in t rn
Oh i o The flist larvae -.-;ere c;bf:,7-rve,! to be ha: ched P _'.ril 26 as compared. vuitla 'Pay 14 in 1920. the inZested fields until
Lav 15 is beir-rn advised by +*I)-e ENteasion Ser-'rice."

ln iiana. J. J. I)aviS (T,,ay 17). 1TTe are beginning to 6et in re ports of considerat-le C .ai a-e t clover oart big Lnelish c! over and
2y the ;aiea of heavy ;.nf:tstat in L3-1- ,iana is by the lesser %,;eevii. TVo f ind 1iha lar wie iii 3,11 Zi 7e;3 f r an t1be very si.zllest t those ne;-r1,,- full grov,,n. Thi s is for central Ind iana.

Illinois. V1. 1P. Kint (i ,Iy 17). 11E_,aminations of cLcver in 0h-: i-:,Dai,,zn County
shoved 75 -Der cent of the heads T'he is inuch more
abundaz. "zi us7 Al in the, scitl:lheun an,_1 cei trjl of the State,
only occurii.,.,(3 in moder, te nu.,nalvers on the west sic e of the State."

Oregon, L. :P. Roc!-_:zocd (EaY 17). IlThis insect sho ks z;,ii iic-orease over last
year, south of icj-re. r C-4cove., they vefe scarce.
The It.) ce ti. -s :are nov- ac t Jve 1 .,3 y i -,ng e g, s The ( amge
is nct s D t th-'-- t'.-, ThE; Dar, si.te, Bathv--)le,.tes exipua
7 'Chan the 1hytwaorDus advi Ls. i':,le parasites
--r"DC', at t"A s til-.1e. These hoi-.-ever, -not be
S U f 1 i C j. E, I y 0, V 0 _L C, D e C to 1-111 the L.Lrvae antil the of June.
This insE; ;t is EiL_ _ua Ily iuorki% soutlavard as Foi:est GrDkre is a-.D.parently the southern limit, ait was very scarce in 1919 and 1920.
Foituni_:Aely. the 3est is accompanied by its natuiz-1 6nemies.11


CL)VRR-LLiLF ,,!-LVIL (Hvpeza -, Dunctata Fab.)

hevu York. L P. Wehrle (Iday 17). 11T, e first beetle found today -was still ia
the cocoon and ne,-fly tramformed.11

.LTevi Jersey, T. J. Headlee (April 27). "This is the first outbreak of this insect I have seen. It is in sufficient numbers in the northwestern
prrt ion of t'he State to clean uD courpletely the f olia:ze an( the twdE stems of clover. The clover in -most cases seems to e a little reC..








-41



Ohio. R~. C. Osburn ilay 7). "'2e clover leaf -weevil was vory bi t
in -erl cio-7pr during~ April. 1o vo r %v s re tar d e d u 6t o t rI~
s~wJ~cfreezes, x-hile this insect was ad&rar~crJd in its ~~"u
as cvife witla 1 t20', co;iseqLuontly c os id erall 6 ~~o
Cocoons i 'ere being spun on ~ii1i 26."1

Ind iana. W. H. ILarrimrer (April 30). "This insect is half ajain as rro.s
a~s during average years. About 60 -per cent of th-e lar-vao 7>.spu cooon i -2a-ei rat ion for h:~~i If__h ,r
been destroyed by the fungou-- disease, r~ao~o~ rs

Illinois. W. P- Flint (M ay 17). 1"M1uch more abundant thian usual. over the e-ntire State. Larnae ha :s been re-Dorted from 75 count.,i es, one cut
re-portira 75 -,-er co-it of +he clover kill d. Adults are noi aburndant. The f npous disease, .L1~ L1aercyoerma, has der-troyed
about 25 per cent of tie insets."1

Michigan. R. H. Pettit (Ak-ril 29). "County agent R. L. Olds reports damage
by this insect from Kalamazoo."

V.1. H. ILarrxL,-er (11ay 5). "iReport received through county ,-, ent
F. L. Si-manton of St. Joseph, lfichizan, that -..I. U'lhev failed to
,-e;t cont11rol of this ijuccot', which is more ab'and.nt than usual on
both alfalfa andi clovar at Coloma. He sprayed Yvith botih. arsezate
of lead anet bl.ack leaf 40.11

Iowa. H. E~. Jaque~s 'April 22). "Has caused heavy damage to clover in
sou th ern I ova. Yesterday I visited a 65-acre field north of Eldon where a good stand of srcoid vear growth had been totally destroya&.
A cutworm, ap-arently the striped cutworm, was aiding in the Cestruc3t ion. ~

Mjiss our i. Leeward Haserra~n (April 15). "Reports received from Oakill and15
Hllebor--o irdicat,'e damage by this insect as more serious than usujI
Co-i~uicat ion from A la. V-,aB-.e of Laclede, dated May 5, says:
"Da~maGe is being dozae to clover by a green worm, probably the oloveileaf weevil."


ISCELI. NO.J CL2VIER AIND ALFALFA INIS-ECTSO

NorthLr'n grass wa-rm (Dres t er eT echt ea Cramer
New York. E. P. Kit (Iy8'. Hr, T7. A. Hojffnart re-oorts thet the clover
semilooper, ]probably D. ereahtea, was abundanit in fieLcfs ne~x Jlbanon May S.?

Dlaware. C. 0. Hjughton (Mry 9). "'T'.is species v.1as common at ,-ar uiing
the last week in ML~arch. The sudr'.en a~ from warm wea-ther to vei
cool weather Mar-ch 29 end 0 (a drop? of about 60 degrees in 18 hour,
te36*,Ljer with snov,1 stoa:iis of freezing tempera tures on i:--ril 9 .eC 1
ajpezrs to have destroyed a great aviany of these insectss,








-42


Kentucky. H. Garmen (, rch 27). "Observed th-e-e insects in r.san t

Lex n gt on. 0L:ve;r butterfly, !L4- 0hloice Goatbcmn
f"re ,uent at Lexington.

r.Clover-seed caterpillar (Enarmonia interstinctana Clemens.)
N6 ,York. L., P \'hle (21d y 18) "1Ztill in hiberi2iat.-on. n o h otnr
in the larval stage; one pu:a f ound0 "

Ohio. H. O--ba'n (YMa-y 2). "IA~ults observed at Columbus on this date."

Clover 1leaf-tyer (Ancl.]is In lifsc iana Zell.)
Ohio H A G osz rdArrd 1 2$) S0 fro r 25 1 first noticed the clover
lea-tvo:r in great n-Uh11ers flying in a field of alsike clover. Th-e
moths sore m3 To rg cicZolis than I have seen th Ea f or 14 or 15 years.
Mdr. houser reports havi.ng noticed the same phenomenon in a different
field. Both of these fields are at WX'Joster. Vie have no inf ormation vh ether this is sim-o-,y a local outbreaks or ,,hether this insect
my be exc2ected to attract general notice over the State this spring."

Clover seed midge (1)A~nepra lg~minicola Lint.)
Yiw Yrk. L. P. '-_rle (My 18) "First adults beginning to aiJ.~ear at Ithaca."

Bibi.o norv osu s~oew.
Ciegon. A. L. L -vett 1k1hazy 16). "1H ye been received a.nd reported as injuring
the roots of clover, alfalfa, &;rdens, and grass lands from Unatilla,
Via&sco, Gilliam, Lincol~n, ard TVL~r ion Count ies."

Clover root-borer (TH, lastinus obscurus Miarsh.)
Oregon. L P. Euc1-Nocd (hc-y 17). 1"Te -,ractice of short clover rotations and
weather conditions have undoubtedly reduced this pest within the last
two, years. Birds 1-ave been noticed feeding upon these insects at the time of migration, notably the cliff swallow and violet green
svwal low.Alfalfa weevil (-2hytonomus pstcus 'G-y110)
r~evada. C. Y.Cree-l (Akoril 28). "The t&lfalfa N7Ieevil wTas discovered in the
John Raffetto field, one half mile north of PW-no, by TEi1 K. 1. Pack, who visited Reno in June, 1920O, art zt that time found 7 or 8 weevil
1Iarvae. P"o further trace of t'he insect in this locality was found
during the s72,vCX, either by iwyself or the California quarantine offic als, althou5- several examinations vier.- iade Yesterday,, howevei I frcui-c. ti-he ins ect i::i all1 thx ee staEges and, friomn the si ze of the 1J a vae 3uc.e t 1--;t ov i~osit ion imust have c aenced as ear ly as
April 15.11 (SBeciral R;&Qort Na. 12).

Tychius -,)iirestris Fab.
N ev, Y or k. J D2. Det-,-,ilei (11.ay 20). "The beetles are just ina1dnG their a7.o, earance on the opening clover h~ads at Ithaca. ~gsfirst found on







-43



Western twelve-spotted cucumber beetle (Diabrotica sorer Lec.)
Oregon. A. L. Lovett (April 7). "Was found devouring the developing? leaves
as thoy appeared on young clover plantings on April 7 in the illamette Valley."

L. P. Rockw;ood (MAay 14). "This insect is badly dainmaging young beet tops and is present in very large numbers at Cornelius. The beets
are angels and are grovn as stock feed."

Garden slug (Arriolimiax garestis L.)
Oregon. A. L. Lovett (Late March). "The gray girdon slug has flourished
under the past winter and spring conditions and caused serious injury to corn and clover fields in the lower Willamette Valley in
late March."

Fall army worm (Lachvema frugimerda S. & a.)
Louisiana. T. H. Jones (April 29). "A few larvae about one quarter inch in
length were seen on young c arn at the Sugar Experiment Station in
New Orleans. The first larvae seen or reported this year in
Louisiana." tiay 4). "The first lrvae noted at Baton Rouge on
this date. A very few srall larvae measuring about one-quarter
inch in length ere collected."

Sugar-cene borer (Diatraea saccharalis Fab.)
Louisiana. T. He Jones (May 7). "Specimens ar inquiries received on the following dates: April 28, Hohen Solms; May 3, Elton; May 6, Lafayette;
Miay 7, E eaux Bridge (one pupa present)."

L. V!. 'ilkenson (Miay 7). District agent of Agricultural E::tension V!ork reports, 100 per cent of the planting of the last week in January at Key Iberia attacked and only 5 per cent of the planting of the
first week in Mlarch on the same farm infested.

Brown colaspis (Colas-ois brunnea Fab.)
Louisiana. T. H. Jones (April 29,. "Two adults, first seen or reported in the
field this year, were collected on young corn, at the Sugar Experim;ent
Station ii New OIle ns."

iISCELIANECUS C LAL A 1D FORAGE Ii SLCTS.

Grasshoppers (Acridi dp_,)
Indiana. J. J. Davis (April 50). "Recently hatched grasshoppers were first
observed at Y!ashinton, Indina on April 24, and at L fayette, Idianm,
on pril 30. Cool weather has preventeC some emergence and there
are still zany unhatched eggs in the gi ound."

South H. S. 5everin and A. L. Ford (April 23)r "Grasshopperseggs are very
Dakota. abundant, all having come through the winter in a sound condition, at
least local outbreaks .3e evident. Blister beetle larvae are so
numerous that some trouble can be erected on alfalfa and garden stuff







-44

later in the season from these insects, though these will probably
be somewhat beneficial in controlling grasshoppers."

Minnesota. S. Lockwood (May 24). "In Kittson County, in the extreme northwestern corner of the State, grasshopper eggs were in large numbers,
as many as 40 and 50 egg masses to the square foot in some localities.
Egg parasites were noticed fairly abundant, but not in large enough
numbers to help much this year. Grasshoppers were first noticed
hatching the 11th of May."

Clear-winged locust (C_9AMa pelucida Scudd.)
Zontana. R. B. McKee (May 19). "Eggs are reported to be hatching in Flathead
County. This insect is expected to prove a serious menace to crops
in western Montana, where extensive areas infested with eggs have
been located."

Wireworms.
Montana. A. L. Strand (May 13). "More numerous than usual in Blaine County
this season."

Stalk borer (Papaipema nitela Guen.)
Virginia. Ko M. King. (May 14). '"This is the first apporance of this insect
at Charlottesville this season. The larvae are very small, being in the first or second instar. Fifty per cent of the corn stalks
were infested in a small planting of very early corn."

White grubs (Pbvlloh spp.)
'.isconsin. S. B. Fracker (Lhay ?). "In Dane County the two-year old brood from
1919 adults are apparently more common hele in old sod than we expected, outnumbaing the one-year old larvae 3 to 1; in some fields
there are to be found from 3 to 10 larvae to the square yard."

W. A. Toole (May 19), "Not very numerous at Baraboo."

Missouri. A. C. Burrill (April 7). "The first flight Phylopha j gibbosa occurred at Oxan, Scrtt County, on thLis date. Dissected 20 of the
beetles, all of which were males. A similar report for same night
received from Golden City, Dade County, Mo."

Cutworms.
Nevada. C. W. Creel (May 10), "These insects are doing more or less damage
over several hundred acres in Lyon County; in one 40-acre field they
are abundant enough to keep alfalfa eaten off to the crown of the
plants, whereas the normal height should be 5 or 6 inches.

Migrating cutworm (?)
South H M. Sanderson (April 21). "These insects are much more abundant
Dakota. than usual. They advcnce several hundred feet into the small grain
each nigt. Entire f1ales are ep-)or-ed to be taken in two or three days. The soil contains much 4oistue, causing the grain to come up after being eaten off; because .of this the semage may not be as seriou










-45



as it woul d b e under ord inar y c ond it ions."

Nehlodes minions Guen.
New York. H. C. Euckett (I-tay 12). "These insects are present in large nu-rbers
in grasslands on Long Island, but are appear ntly not doing much
damage. 1

Army VTorn (C r his, uni.--u nct a Hawi.
Illinois. W. P. Flint (Play 16). "A.dults scarce at the thr oints in the
State vte re bait trans have boon run every v',axrmi~

TWelve-s potted cucumber beetle (Diabrotica. l2-ncat Gy
Texas. Ho- J R e inh zd (May 16) "Reported as doing considerable daitarge
to corn in Jefferson County. Some injiios in the lar-vrc1, sta,-e.
In some fields ccxrn has been TcAolunteed for thc thiid time."1






-46.

FRUIT INSECTS

APPLE

GREEN APPLE APHID (APHIS POMI DeG.)

Ne- York. P. J. Parrott (May 21). "In several young apple orchards in Ontario
County, the green apple aphid is unusually abundant for this season of
the year. In one 40 acre orchard serious injuries are threatened if the insects continue to multiply as rapidly as they did during the past year.
Individual trees have exhibited curling of the entire terminal growth."

C. R. Crosby & Assistants report this insect as plentiful, but not as
abundant as last year in Orleans County. Quite numerous in Yates County
and occurring in small numbers in Niagara, Genesee, Monroe, Wayne, Clinton, Albany, Columbia and Ulster counties.

Tisconsin. S. B. Fracker (May 19). "Unusually scarce in Dane County, reported by
W. A. Toole as plentiful in S1kCounty and by B. M. Apke as unusually
comnon in Polk County."

Oregon. A. L. Lovett (hIay )16. "First appeared i,~arch 20, about nine days earlier
than last jear, 6ome',ihat more abundant than usual in the Willamette Valle no evi&crce is present of excessive injurv;also unusually abundant in the
Hood River Valley."

APPLE-GRAIN APHID (Rhopalcsiphum prunifoliae Fitch)

New York, P. D. Rupert (April 30). "Some injury noticed on tips of leaves from
which the aphids have already mi-grated to grain and grasses in Wayne
County."

C. R, Crosby & Assistants reported as scarce in Chautauqua, Niagara, Orl .ns, Genes &, Monroe, Ontario, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Clinton, Albany, Columbia, Ulster, Dutchess and Oran;;e Counties.

ROSY APPLE APHID (Anuraphis roseus Baker)

Vork. C. R. Crosby & Assistants report as fairly numerous and doing some daxag(
in Columbia, Dutchess, Onondaga and Wayne counties; not as bad as last
year in Orleans County, and. only slight infestations reported from Ulstei
Albany, Clinton, Tompkins, Wates, Genesee, Monroe and Niagara counties.

P. J. Parrott (May 16). "Rosy Apple Aphids relatively scarce in Ontari,
County."

Oregon. A. L. Lovett (March 9). "First appeared on March 9, about 10 days earl.
ier than last year. Unusually scarce in early spring. The infestation is now increasing due to the multiplication of the later generations. I
jury is probably much below normal this season in the Willamette Valley
(Lathrop)."

WOOLLY APPLE APHID (Eriosoma lanigerum Haus.)

New York. C. R. Crosby & Assistants report this insect as occurring in very small
numbers in Tompkins, Wayne, Genesee and Ulster Counties.








MI 3CELLA E)tJ A2JI.DS

Massachu- H. T. Fernald (April 3). "Worcester County Farm Bureau reports that setts. aphids are very early and plentiful for the season, April 22. Mr. L. (7 Midgley visited 20 different fruit farms recently and found aphids
eve ryhe re

CODLING T)TH fftrpoo a pjowonolla L.)

Virginia. L. A. Stearns (!Lay 25). "The following statements are based on the
records of approximately 1000 individuals under observation in the openair insectary at this field laboratory (Leesburg) and checd by notes C, development in the orchard. The transformation of overwintered larvae h
ceased; the peak of emergence for the spring brood of moths is about
reached at the present time; the duration of the pupal stage for indiviC als emerging now is about an even month; the date of first egg deposit i;
was April 24; the date of first egg hatching was May 10; the length of
incubation of eggs earliest laid was 16 days; the length of incubation o:
eggs at present is about 8 days; preoviposition period for moths is
averaging 3 days; the development of the codling moth is about normal fc, this section of the state; the development of the trees is far in advanc
of normal."

Ohio. H. A. Gossard (IMay 12). "Codling moth ecmenced to issue at larietta on
May 6 and by May 12 was emerging in numbers."

Oregon. A. L. Lovett (May 12). "Apparently passed the winter well. Majority ar,
as yet in the larval stage in cocoons."

FRUIT TREE LEAF ROLLER (Arohips awrtrospil; Walk.)

New York. P. J. Parrott (May 16). 'tAbtmdant in neglected orchards."

0. R. Crosby & Assistants report this insect as 100% more abundan-Jt nn last year in Niagara County, hatching a week later than nol'mal by openix of buds; generally distributed in Genesee County, but not so serious in well sprayed orchards; abundant in some unsprayed orchards; plentiful in
southern part of Orleans County, rather ba. in some sayed orchards,
more abundant than last year; a few more than last year but not many in
Columbia County and as occurring in small numbers in A:bany, Dutchese,
Monroe, Onondaga, Orleans, Tcupkins, Ulster and Wayne 00o=ties.

Oregon. A. L. Lovett (May 16). "The leaf roller in the Hood E ver Valley t5
apparently less abinetant, there appears to be a gradu4 decrease over ti
areas of greatest abundance and injury during the past 'the past three
years. There is accompanying this condition a gradual preading to new
areas. In the new areas probably injury is slightly on the increase."

CIGAR CASE BElM (Coleoenhora fletcherella Fernald)

New York. P. J. Parrott (May 16). ",Abundant in neglected orchards in Ontario
county.

C. R. Crosby & Assistants. Quite a few in neglected orchards in OnonL, County; abundant in southern part of Orleans County, in poorly sprayed




-48

orchards for the most part in their new cases by May 14; especially
abundant in poorly sprayed orchards in Wayne County; more abundant than
last year, especially in neglected orchards, 3n both Genesee and Monroe
Counties. The insect is also reported as occurring in small numbers in
Albany, Columbia, Dutchess, Niagara and Yates Counties.

PISTOL CASE BEARER (Coleophora malivorella Riley)

Iew York. P. J. Parrott (May 16). "Abundant in ne-lected orchards in Ontario
County."

C. R. Crosby L Assistants. "More abundant than last year, especially in neglected orchards, but not as abundant as the cigar case bearer in Genesee County; abundant in the southern part of Orleans County, for the
most part in their new cases by May 14; abundant in Wayne County; not as
abundant as last year in Onondaga, Niagara, Columbia, 1onroe, Yates,
Dutchess, Ulster and Albany Counties."

RIBBED COCOON MAKER (Bucculatrix pomifoliella Clem.)

New York. C. R. Crosby L Assistants report as abundant in neglected orchards in
Genesee County and a few present in Wayne County.

BUD MOTH (Tmetocera ocellana Schif.)

New York. C. R. Crosby L Assistants report this insect as very abundant in Wayge and
Ontario Counties, also the southern part of Orleans County; about aA nunerous as usual in Albany, Genesee and Toipkins County; on the decrease in M.onroe County; and very scarce in Columbia, Dutchess ard Yates Counties.

GREEN FRUIT 'NORM (Mylina antennata Walk.)

Tea York. E. P. Felt (Eay 13). "Green fruit worm work is beginning to appear at
Milton, Ulster County."

P. J. Parrott (May 13). "Quite numerous in neglected orchards throughout Ontario County."

C. R. Crosby & Assistants report this insect as quite common in Ulster
County; abundant in a few orchards, with a few present in most orchards
in Orleans County; present in a feiv orchards and doing some damage in
Wayne County; ard present in small numbers in Niagara, Onondaga, Vayne, Columbia, Monroe and Dutchess Counties; being unable to find it in Albany County.

SPRING CAKER-WORA (aleacrita vernata Peck )

'7isconsin. S. B. Fracker (Telegram May 26). ,tfost serious cankerworm outbreak in
years, defoliating many orchards in several of the southeastern counties
of Wiscorsin lying between Waukesha and Dane Counties. Both the fall
canker-worm and spring canker-worm are Involved in this outbreak."

Illinois. W. P. Flint (May 17). "Has caused defoliation of a number of unsprayed
orchards in West Central part of the State."

New York. C. R. Crosby t. Assistants report this insect as showing, up in orchards
where no spraying has been done in Wayne County. and as doing considerable
damage in








neglected orchards in Genesee County, where they were first observed on April 25; causing considerable damage in unsprayed orchards aad also in
orchards which did not receive the calyx application in Monroe County; noticeable in orchards that received regularly only the calyx application in
Nassau County; common in Niagara County; a few larvae were observed Lpri..i 26; by May 18 the insect had become quite bad in neglected orchards in the southern part of Orleans County; is abundant in the southern part of .V1ayne County, some unsprayed orchards being defoliated. The larvae began hatching the latter part of April; these insects were observed in Columbia, Dutchess, Onondaga and Ulster Counties, while none were seen in Albany
County."

FALL CANXER WORE (Alsophila pometaria, Har.)

Ohio. H. A. Gossard. "As expected some orchards near Vooster were only saved
from defoliation by spraying soon after the worms hatched. Reports of
damage by canker-worms are not coming in, hence I conclude the hatching must have been somewhat late or possibly the late frosts caught many of
the young caterpillars just after hatching, thus disposing of many of them.

Con- B. H. Walden (May 20). Locally common nearly every year but perhaps not in
zecticut. the same localities as this year. Common at New Haven and Branford. New York. G. 3. Smith (May 18). "Bad in neglected orchards in the southern part of
Orleans County."

TENT CATER.PILLARS (Malacosoma americana Fab.)

Maryland. L. B. Flohr, Federal Btreau of M:Iarkets (MIay 14). "Observed many tents and
several trees were entizely defoliated by these insects in Frederick
County, Maryland. They wera so numerous as to attract the attention of a
group of automobilists traveling through the county."

New T. J. Headlee (April 27). "The apple-tree tent caterpillar has hatched
Jersey. quite generally over the State, but is not doing any considerable damage."

Delaware. 0.0. Houghton (May V). "This insect is more abundant than usual. Caterpillars are now full grown here and migrating to fiuid su.tabLe .ases sor spinning up. Accumulated excess of temperature since January 1 approximately 850 degrees.,,

Con- Jobn T. Ashworth (Ilay 17). "This insect has been scarce for three or four
nectiout. years in Jindham, but is now increasing again."

K. F. Chamberlain (April 28). "Though scarce for three or four years this
species is now again on the increase in Litchfield County."

Massa- Edward R. Farrar (May 13). "About twice as bad as usual in Lincoln." lobusetts.
L, C. idgeley (April 22). "Infestation is light as considered with
other years in Wooster Cer:'y."

1New York. E. P. Felt (May 19). "Apple tent caterpillars very scarce in eastern part
of the State, although a scattering infestation was noted in northeastern
Rensselaer County, May 23. Tent caterpillars present in very small
numbers at Newport, Herkimer County."




50


low York. H-. C. Huckett (11ay 20). "More abundant than f or the last f our years in
Nassau County."
C. R Crosby LAssistants report this insect as occurring, "in normal nur,bers iYaeTonpkins, Rensselaer, and Douglas counties, as scarce in
Monroe,-Genesee,,Albany, Columbia, Ulster and Clinton Couties, and -as not
occurring in Niagara and Wayne Counties.

APPLE RED BUG (Heterocordylhis malinus Reut.)

w York. P. J. Parrott (Aprl' 8 "Nlyrphs' observed in large numbers in several
negled'ted- orchards,* most of' th~m in the 3rd instar." (Mlay 18). "Very abundant in one orchard in Ontario County now in fourth and f if th instar
and injuring terminal leaves."

C-. R.-Crosby & Assistants. .Second instar nymphs common o n Newton Pippins
in Ulster County April- 24. Quite abundant in, Onondaga County.. Had
reached fourth and fifth instar byMay_7. Scarce in-Wayne County, and
not observed. in- Coluiibia County.

FALSE APPLE RED BUG (Lygidea mendax Reut.)

: ew York, P 5 ?Parrott (Mlay 13). Conspicuous injury to terminal leaves. Observed in a number of orchards in Ontario County. Serious injury to the fruit in a number of plantings may be expected. The firs t nymph of this
species was observed in'Ontario County on April 22, by Hugh Glascow.

D). D. Ward (Iday 7). "Hatching in considerable numbers and foliage injury is common in Ononda:,a County; by I41ay 14 some of the nymphs had reached the
th ird -s, tar.'

C..R. Crosby & Assistants. A little-more abundant than last year in Monroe County; -bunda-nt in ruany orchwidlc in Dutchess County; nymphs mostly
in the third instar by Mlay 6; vei-y, a.ct-4ively working on unsprayed trees in
'Wayn6 County, beirl ngrore abundant ---n t wes-4-ern, southern and northern
pars f he ouxt; aou aundant ae last year in Orleans County;
and reported as scace~ JI bany, ;(c_',Abia, Genesee, Nassau, Niagara,
Tompkins, Ulster, and Seneca3 Counties,

TARNT12YED PLAI-T BUG '(Lyj-,us pratensis L.)

e Yo rk. P. J. Parrott (Kay '6). "Observed puncturing apple and pear buds in On.tario County."

7ashing- F. H. Chittenden. "The unusual warm weather of the winter 1920 -1921 has
toD.C. enabled the tarnished pla-rnt bug, amcnzeh: nst to successfully pass
tha coi d mnth, ;a~ld a-- rc- cit; by ;1 c of I Trri. the bugs had
reaclhea ""he last t r '-'_ of the niirli 1, 'A w-3- ex eedingly abundant onl th il lnt n ''~ rc~si~ ~ g twas particularly
Q~U:~~~ ~:h;~: ~ I e~-s. ~ ~ ~ and other crucifers,
arind~r is gi c' il" at poo~t to nursery plants,
ecm' a- I ~ r~-~ U'i~he season, since
th'.3 isntJY; %S IZ;3aS'~i a3 fi r akown. Only tv s enro~scu~rcj~ o:-t~ ~~cc3hax-s bce:r obsarv, d b- h rie n t-he Disar-r.t-a oores e rr1t years old arl .cuic-thr h- pota:,oes about a year
ago, biit further North there,,are often severe outbreaks."







-57




Kentucky. H. Garman (March 23). tarnished d plant bug is working on fruit buds of

apple and destroying whole clusters."

SAN JOSE SCALE (Aspdiotus perniciosus Comstock)

New York. P. J. Parrott (May 18). "More abundant than any year since 1916 in
Ontario County, because of the early season will probably be the earliest observed in 20 years."

C. R. Crosby & Assistants report as more abundant than during the past three years in Monroe County; considerable increase in abundance over last year in Orleans County; much more abundant than last year in Genesee County. Also reported from Albany, Tompkins, Niagara, Columbia,
Ulster, Yates, Wayne, and Onondaga Counties.

OYSTER SHEL SCALE (Lepidosaphes ulmi L.)

New York. C. R. Crosby & Assistants report this insect as occurring occasionally
on trees in poorly sprayed orchards in Brooms, Albany, Columbia, Monroe,
Onondaga, Orange, Orleans, Tompkins, Wayne, and Yates Counties.

OO. H. A. Gossard. "The Oyster Shell Scale is more frequently reported tO
us by orchardists this spring than any other species of scale."

Wisconsin. S. B. Fracker (May 18). "This insect is causing a revival of dormant
spraying in many farm orchards, It was not a serious pest until about
1919, since when it has been slowly killing many trees."

ROUND HEADED APPLE TREE BOUR (Sapez-aa candida Fab,)

New York. E. P. Felt (May 19). "Mr. Hart reports that the round headed apple
tree borer is very common in portions of Dutchess County, especially
near scrub apple trees."

C. R. Crosby & Assistants report this insect as doing serious damage in Columbia County and as occurring very numrously in Ulster, Niagara and
Orleans Counties,

ROSE LEAr-HOPPER (Eosroe L.)

New York. C. R. Crosby (1ay 6). "Nymphs abudant on apples in one orchard in
Dutchess County*

D. D. Ward (May 1.1). "Nymphs becoming oo=wz in Onondaga County."

P. J. Parrott (April 28). "First nymph obpeoved on this date. By Ms::
16 some of the nymphs had reached the second Imatar. This insect is
less abundant than last year."

L. F. Strickland (May 18). "Relatively abUwlant in Niagara County."







b52

APPLE IEAF-HC"F (Empoasca mall LeB.)

New York. C. R. Crosby (May 131. "Abundant in many orchards in Monroe County. MSy
14, nymphs appearing in abundance in Wayne County."

BLACK APPLE LEAP-HOPPER (Idiocerus provancheri Van D.)

New York. P. J. Parrott (May 18). "Comon in Ontario County."

C. R. Crosby & Assistants. About as abundant as usual, but apparently
doing no damage in Dutchess, Ulster, Columbia and Tempkins Counties.

BUFPALO TREE HOPPER (Ceresa bubalus Fab.)

e: York. C. R. Crosby & Assistants report this insect as doing some damage to young trees in Genesee, Orleans, and Albany Counties.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (April 21). "Every tree in a 17 acre orchard at Oneida, severely damaged by these insects, egg parasites abundant."


PEAR

PEAR LEAP BLISTER MITE (Eriophyes pyri Pgst.)

New York. P. J. Parrott (May 16). "Abundant in one orchard in Ontario County."

C. R. Crosby & Assistants. "Quite common in Wayne, Albany, Orleans, Columbia, Dutchess, Ulster, Nassau, Genesee, Onandaga, and Orleans Counties."

Oregon. A. L. Lovett (May 16). "Pear leaf blister mite destructively abundant
where lime sulphur sprays were omitted in the Willamette Valley. Both foliage and fruit appear already .badly gone. Promises heavy losses of fruit and foliage. Appeared on apple (Childs) in Hood River for first
time this spring, in western Oregon (Lane County) the first time last
year. There is much evidence to substantiate the theory that the apple
form is a distinct varietal type."

PEAR THRIPS (Taeniothrips inconsequens Uzel)

New-: York. C. R. Crosby & Assistants report this insect as increasing in abundance
in several counties, but of no serious importance as yet.

PEAR PSYLLA (Pasylla pyricla Pooer.)

New York. P. J. Parrott (May 16). "Eggs very abundant in Ontario County."

C. R. Crosby & Assistants."Albany County, nymphs numerous on May 9; Columbia County, heavy deposition of eggs May 9; Onondaga Couty abundant Mayll
flies of the second brood now very abundant in Genesee County, much more abundant than last year, second brood of flies appearing May 19; second
brood of flies appearing in Monroe County May 20, extremely abundant intIls county, May 13; nymphs in the fourth and fifth instar on May 14 in Niagara
County; eggs found in considerable numbers in Onondaga County about April 25, many of the nymphs being in the "hard shell stage" by May 14; Orleane





-:z
I

Cou-nty upy 7, fl-4,5%s otiil 'Ia. ring eggs, Way 18, f1jos of t7re ser,,onrl I--d
-Ij:--It of the Cuar-t-,

ay)

W67 York. C. R. Cro-JbNr & Ainistp-Li-r r; J :oct as becom-Ing very sor-I cras Im
TJ 1 s t 9:, L)]K!A el C Z01' I a C 0

CKERRY

C Eay LTTI F) CY,

Now York. E. P. Fr '!.t i-,x,3oeat in snal n .'torf; on
swoot

"y nz fairly abundant in U7.f,*er _md
Wmtieo, --mu a& b6 no'-icea:Lle in Wa:jne and Collr. .'Aa
Cau

P. J. P--, ;-rott (Ilay 16) "Not as abundant as during the last t-wo or three
y3a.:- ill 0,acario C(,uaty.ll

(!Zay 12). 11,lave begun to curl tha foliage at Mechanicsville,


akR BILGHT BEETLF. Ar.Iqnnii-rus Rai Peak)

Oregon. A. L. Lov,-tt IF). .1 3- 13 4v ho';G dc,'t-letively abundant all
f Y!)f :-,..,LI,% _c ?r:ous. Al-i irs'- cz--,t. .nuous
m, s a, C3 AIM77't C', 7*_ G r.
_V
p r I
GA. -30s, pon i t- ) oA, I AN. A.

VMTE LNTT f1p es Bol.)
4-2 4* ( Jay
P_ v .1 8) lore' q J.
h p.rds -et in o3d pea-.h ground at Shelb)? where*..i to ",j W tv :!nd t-hese termites. They ser,.-i 4*0 che:n-y tmes &,,ad w,.)-X vrd,,;r the bark of the roots.
A" 'IF Ic
CIFI-11 Y WELL", (DirTc -roa ddvar4 at Say)

-De".3mare. C. 0. Hcc 7;1,ton (Uay 8) & ,ult of tla season ta;

PLUM

P17J:I CZ0.0-17JO nenu -r Ebst.)

tiNew York.. E. P. "Fr_,#
T
T i !* _C I 7 -) I-) --- I 'r 7 ,, _- -- I -,
"I r .. _', 'I v

P. J. Parrott (Itay 21) 11?eetle collac.*-c .). by jP7.'?trg in OrAr'rio, jr (VI 1.





-54



5exv York. C. R~. Crosby & Assistants report the insect as very numerous in 3Dutchess
and Orleans Countios; first negs found in Columia (2~our.ty on M~ay 11, while
first e[,,g pu-ctuias wore obsci-riod in Tompkizic GCc .'aty on 2say 20.

Delaware. C. 0. Houghton (M,.ay- 9). "So little frultu survived the cold weather of
late -'larch arid ez:7y April that ito is difflc-t-,t to get any damage data
for Northern Delawozo."l

Jost E. C. eherwood (Aw:J1 27). or "1 of apples infested of the Yorc and
Virginia. Rome Beauties and 11',7 of the Gr-imes Golden in Berke"Ley County."

North Frankli.n Sherman (TV11). "As yet I have seen but few larvae but plenty
4arolina. of pun- ti.res at Rcg.

Georgia. A. 03. Lewi s 1 ?$3.qe.a cu'xzulio is a11ready doing considerable damage
to pT'e m..;.u oy -"-e very numreous this year. The peaches are
nlowZ~~!~Z ~U ~~A7al rmbars anad where the trees have not been
sr~yci ~ EQ, ~, ih~aro, iJifested with Curculio. Infestation li
tT.10 dlroc l or tn,-. spaZ;cad tra~so are much less. The cold weather of this
month has ;d-3.ed moral peaches than at first estimated."

Alabama. 71. E. Hinds (1ay 10) "Occurs in unusual abundance. The first generation
is rio-.7 mrituring, spraying for the second brood being practised in many
orchards.,,

Lou2siana. T.H.Jcnes (M1arch 30). "Small attacked fruit numerous on the ground
boneauht. trees or. tha above date. Adults began issuing from breeding jars
at Baton IRcug3 ;Lay 6."1

Ohio. H. A. Gossard (.Lay 16). "The only work of the plum curculio yet observed
by me was a single punrcture in a poach at Waterville on this date."

Jcissouri. Leonard Hasenman (M1ay 9). "Lir. C.E.Brown reports from Carroll County that
about Z$of thie plums are infested."t


P EAC H

GPEW LEAcMH APHID~ (2rr.T3 rjca, Sulz.)

New York. L1. D. Leon2ard (U14iy 16) "Leav-es considerably curled by lice on small
planting in Onondaga County."

BLACX PEACH APHlID (Anuraphis ypersica-nig-r Smith)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (May 17). "This aphis is abundant in peach orchards in
southern Indiana. It att-acked tender shoots but since MAay 1 the winged0%J
forms ha7e been migrat ing to young orchards necessitating spray oporat ions
to control and prevent injury."

Illinois. V.P. Flint (:Jay 17). "More abundant than usual in southern Illinois."







-55

PEACH TREE BOBER =eria exitiosa Say) Tew York. C-R. Crosby & Assistants report this insect as increasing in abundance in
Orleans, Wayne and Columbia Counties; about as abundant as usual in Conr(e
and Albany Counties, and less abundant in Ulster County.

Ini..1a. J. J. Davis (May 17). "This every day pest is very abundant over the State.
7e are advised that it is more abundant than usual, but this may be due tc
the fact that worming operations were somewhat suspended during the War
on account of the scarcity of labor."

LESSER PEACH TREE BORER (Aegeria pictipes G. & R.) e, York. C. R. Crosby & Assistants report this insect as very abundant in orchards
in Orleans County where brown rot is prevalent, borers infest the caxnkers.
The species was also fairly common in ::onrce County and a few were
observed in Albany and 'ayne Counties.

ZRRAPINT SCALE (Lecanium nigrofasciatum Perg.)

Ohio. H. A. Gossard. "Several reports of terrapin scale on both maple and peach
may presage more than averago abundance of this insect this season."

Kentucky. H. Garman (Larch 8). "Terrapin scale reported from LaGrange with specimens."

BLISTER BZETLE (Pomphopoea aenea Say) Georgia. Oliver I. Snapp (TEarch 10). "All of the blossoms and foliage were removed
from 50 trees in a four thousand tree orchard. The outbreak was checked
within two days by arsenate of lead and hand picking."

PECAN

PECAN NUT CLSE EAER (Acrobasis hebescella Hulst )

Te,,s. G. B. Vatkins (May 21t). "Reports indicate that this insect is working over
the whole state and threatens the crop, which otherwise would be heavy."

CURRANT

CUTIANT APHID (Glyzus ribis L.)

Connecti- B. H. 7alden (MIay 20). "Fairly abundant at New Haven, is usually present cut. each season."

New York. E. P. Felt (.iay 13). Beginning to appear at lilton, Ulster County.

P. J. Parrott (May 16). "More abundant than usual in Ontario C-unty."

C. R. Crosby & Assistants. "lore abundant in Tioga County, Tompkins
County, and fairly abundant in Ulster County."

Delaware. C. 0. Houghton (April 12). "Half grown plant lice of this species survived the snow and freezing temperature, of April 10-11, at Newark."






-56

I0RTED CUBR JINT ,W0"' (steronidea ribesi Scop.)

New York. E. P. Felt (May 18). "Currant worms are about 1/3 grown at Scotia,
Saratoga County."

C. R. Crosby & Assistants report as doing damage in Suffolk and Ulster
Counties.
Delaware. C. 0. Eoughton (May 10). "Larvae are full grown now and leaving the
bushes.. Polistes sp. destroys many of the larvae here."

RASPBERRY

RASPBERRY FRUIT \70IVOM (Byturus unicolor Say)

Connecti- B. H. Walden (May 20). "Very abundant on each of three visits to East cut. Haven, is now laying eggs."

New York. R. P. Felt (May 13). "Is locally abundant and very injurious >to raspberry
plantings in the vicinity of ilt6n aid Marlboro, Ulster County, and this
season has already caused serious losses to the prospective berry crop.
This insect is credited with being an important factor in bringing about
the reduction in area devoted to this fruit. A very considerable percentage of the blossoms had been destroyed by May 13 and the beetles were
still active and were controlled to only a relatively slight degree by
repeated poison applications or spraying with a tobacco preparation."

P. J. Parrott (May 16). "Observed in small numbers in Ont~ario County."

C. R. Crosby & Assistants. "First noticed on May 12 and very numerous on
May 22 in Ulster County."

MISCELLANEOUS RASPBERRY INSECTS

Monophadnoides rubi Harris

Connecti- B. H. Walden (May 20). Present in every plantation visited in New Haven out. East Haven and North Bradford. Adults first observed April 16 and
newly hatched larvae at New Haven April 27.

Bembecia marginata Harris

0eg~n. A. L. Lovett (May 16). "Reports from Washington and Lane Counties of
serious injury to l6ganberry and raspberry plantings by the crown borer
are at hand. Probably the climatic conditions have served to seriously devitalize the plants to such an extent as to accentuate the injury-by the
borers.,,
BLACKBERRY

ROSE CUROULIO (Rhynchites bicolor Fab.) go. A. L. Lovett (May 12). "The rose curculio is appearing on the buds of
small fruits, principally blackberries in the vicinity of Portland. The
beetles injure the blossom buds by feeding and oviposition punctures. The buds wilt and never open. The same injury occurred in 1912 and 1913 but
has been almost negligible since that time.






-57


GRAPE

GRAPE LEAF HOPPERi (TMhlocyba comes Say) New York. C. R. Crosby & Assistants found this insect fairly abundant towards the
end of !ay in Ulster County.

Cali- A. J. Flebut (May 18). "' uch more abundant than usual at Fresno, hatched
fornia. about Miay 3, second instar 'lay 10. Considerable work done with a dust
containing black leaf 40 against the adults but with no success."

GRAPE FLEA BEETLE (Altica chalfrbea Ill.) New York. C, R. Crosby & Assistants reported in very small numbers from Columbia a..
Ulster Counties.

GRAPE PLUME-IDTH (Oxyptilus periscelidactylus Fitch.)
New York. E. P. Felt (May 13). Larvae very common an grape tip at Milton, Ulster
County.

MISCELLANEOUS GRAPE INSECTS Grape vine hoplia (Hoplia callipyge Lec.)

Cali- A. J. Flebut (May 7). "Reported several days ago by F. H. Howard, also
fornia. reported on young vines near Delano by P. R. Jones, more abundant than
usual."

Grape mealy bug (Pseudoooccus mar&timus Ebrh.)

Call- A. J. Flebut. "Many more insects on foliage than usual at Presno."
fornia.
Aohemon sphinx (Pholus achemon Dru.)

Cali- A. J. Flebut (May 1). "Much more abundant than usual. Last year this
fornia. insect stripped 1000 acres near Livingston. They are now abundant in the
same vineyard and have spread to vineyards several miles away. Emerged
25 days earlier this year than last. Oviposition May lst. First hatched
May 9."

Grape leaf folder (Desmia fneralis Hubn.)

New York. J. D. Detwiler (May 20). Larvae fairly abundant at Ithaca.

Grape leaf skeletonizer (Harrisina americana Guer.)

Delaware. C. 0. Houghton (May 7). "First adult of the season taken on a lilac."











CIMUS ANT 3TJ3-MOIPT?7,AI FRUIT3

FU37! .7,J'23 ASIM.)

Florida. ID 2. 111311ot Y-2t-e a7i.eared- ep'rli.er this yesr. I s nu '-h
t*-Ipll vs-.-ZUz. iEi,o oi tho crop is intGated in Leke Coilnty."

S,' -EED GTT]-T-! -L:R- DEBT-13, f D lp-b-' ot ic%O. vi' "'t 0 a Fab.

92-11 T7,kJJ.'-- 2,21,%ct !,,as d 4.mgod the f:mit to the 9zt'>-n& O-f CLio 7-ttC.Ij ta Irop '41,o t,-z groaicl by feed--- i'g


COT'-'3ITf M=3 SCAJ,3

W. E. F trds l")) "Cottony mr- --"Le siple 7 -)nr' 3 PV Xing aa area
of se7t-)-ral a(,,ro3 in th3 exftr ,rno
occ,7rrim ; upon the orange, satsur.-,a w4an6-- 1*acsiit3-3d but, not in great
abundance thereon."

B.T ITE GRE-01,11 CIMjUa3 WIMVIL (Pac"Lm. ,eus Oliv.

Florida. H. 3. Sterns (Arr4.1 1, Tii.s i-r.-ect j.s cver the southern
t o ow.se much
to -7morc"Is inAA
'th t.ne Artip
i. 7 t ii n w -:qs floridwMS
and



Flori da. H. R, 3te7- rl Ynars been Imam to attack
t imp it has been Imimm
t '-. .ts jear it is doing
7 th3 YOIMF f0liagl
a- o d o 3.s 31. Lp-At damage to mangoes WICL

A. RJ- ("11Y -4-) 'IDGKIng cario-as dv=aM to young citrus on Plypolu=













SOUTHERN FIELD CROP INSECTS.

TOBACCO


TOBACCO FLEA-BEETLE (Epitrix par vula Fab.)
Marlznd. E, IT.-Corey (April 16), "1J.,P Burdett, county agm t ii. lO
County, reports that these inse-ts are ucuh rncr7 r.21a ntn
usual, Farmers report that 10 per cent. of thc <
seed beds a re being destroyed by flea beetles. Tho if2r 's
generally cover their beds with muslin, bu4 iza~y r ,pr-rt th7-t tha
beetles get under the muslin." (April 22 ) "ix'ah nor-s
than usual in lower Prince George's County, Tho v- aho cor.ditions have retarded the plants so that the inj':_ry- is evcn mcore
serious than would normally be the case. Yeste)':T,; I ?;-rnt to
lower Prince George's County on a request from toc)uznt.y ag, nty
Mr. W. B0 Poseyt who reported that the black fly vias doirng
considerable damage. The black fly proved to 'b3 f5-1i.ix~ _J>.r~ja
and itwoujld s eem that it h.-s been nortiallY fc -J f,r the loss of a number of seed bods in tho_ lower vrinof the
county. The injury ranges frm= 33 to 50 per c~uit. of the plants
at present f ound in the beds."

Virginia. W. J. Schoone (April 28). 117e rcovc aa- rnL:ar of complaints during th-_ past t,;n dcys cl 121%-c r t. cc beds by flea-baetles. Some of the r_-p-rtv 2 2. t~x2 i1 injury is
serious and tha.t some of the-- earliest roi-,ts werz, e ntir _ly
destroyed,~"

Kentucky, H1, German (.April 25). "Flea-b ,etles are* bec,=ing very destructive in some tobacco beds in this Statd."

SOUTEN TOBACCO HON7WOR1 (Phloethntius, sexta Johan.)

Florida. D. L. Campbell (April 23.) "This insect is just making its appearance, It is a little earlier than usual this year,
Only a faw eggs have been observed so far in Gadsde--n Co'unty."

BUDWORM (Chlcride_-. virescens Fab. )

Florida. "This budworin appeared earlier tha:n usual this year and is present as usual on every p14_int in the fields in G~dsdien Co-urty.









SUGAR CANTE


SCALE INSECT ( Alra sp..)

Louisians. T. H. Jcones (April 11.) eScizens of this scale insect were
so-nt m~e n Llayv 8 by L~.T. C. Baxber, though the past had been noted som-e ti-ie prvosyby hima.. It was taken on sugar cane
gr owng in the gre enacus o at. the Sugar E7per izont Stat ion at
Audubon Park, and Mr. Barber b1as~more recently reported it.
outdoors on grass near the greenhouse, the grass being
Anrr,~n mjc.ts Both Mr. H. Morrison and Professor G. F.
~:ri~. >ve 52C3l s-pecimi3ns of th, scale insect reporting nothing wtio than genus. It appears that it ma-y be ana undescrided species, that it has not been taken in L~ouisiana before,
-and possibly is g recent introduction. Indications are that
it Will not prove to be a serious pest of sug'-r cane 4t least,
and 11z Barber reports that it is highly parasitized."
(Special Report.)I

COTO!T.

COTTON APHID (Aphis sqosai Glov.)

Texas. A. J. Reinhard (Ma~y 18). "Not abundant thus far in Brazos
6o'unty, P. very severe infestation during April was reported
from Karnes County, wherein the repcrter states that they
b,,ve coLrplate ly destroyed a large acreage this year."f

CUTWORM (Undeteri~ned)

Texas. A. J. Reinhard (Mjay- 18). '"Tni~w and Ka~rnes Counties cu4wo r r- are reported abundant in all fields; in sore fields
IroL 10 to 15 per cent. of the plants have been d estroyed.'








-61



PINK BOLLWORM (Pectinerhora usvaTiella Saund,)


At the conference relating to the pink bollworm situation, held
at Washington, May 16, 1921, .ttended by representatives of the States of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carclina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, ississip-i, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Oklahom;, New Mexico, Arizona, and California, the following rep rt as unantizously adopted as embodying the opinions of the conference:
(1) We indorse and coz.end the Policies of the Federal Horticultural Board in. dealing with the pink bcllworm situation in the United States. We wish, furthermore, to express cur approval particularly of the work of Dr. W. D. Hunter, who has been in direct charge of the field work of the infested States; his energy, persistence, and tact in
dealing with an unusually difficult situation a.re especially to be commended. To his efforts and to those of the proper State authorities who have worked in4cooperation with him, especially in Texas and Louisiana, the other cotton-growing States feel deeply indebted that this cotton pest has not spread more widely since 1917.
(2) It is clear to the conference that the only practicable method of eradicating the pink brll;orm is by continued prohibition of the growth of cotton in irfes ted districts for a period of years. The feasibility of extermination work where conducted according to the methods and maintained for the period of time reco::ended by the entomologists of the Cotton States and approved by the Federal Horticultural Board is completely demonstrated -n the Hearne district, where a nonctton zone has been -aintained since the fall of 1917 and intensive scouting each year thereafter has failed to show any recurrence of the infestation. FutLhhermore, it is apparent in the Trinity Bay district that the maintenance of a noncotton zone for one year only is not long enough to accoaplish extermination.
(3) The conference believes that there is now a possibility of
exterminating the pink bollworm but that this opportunity is one that must be taken proLpt advantage of. On the other hand, we feel that the continuance of the infestation in any areas under a regulated system is fraught with grave danger to the entire cotton industry. Therefore, we believe that the present establishment of regulated are-s in west Texas and New Mexico should be considered only as a temporary -rrangement, to be conditdbdd onyso long as may be necessary for appropriations to be made to maintain this district as a noncotton zone. In the meantime, also, we would recoi.end that efforts be made to secure the cooperation of the Mexican authorities in maintaining a noncotton zone on the Mexican side of the border. In order to provide further safeguard against the introduction of infestation, we believe that the Imagration Service along the Mexican border should be so strengthened as to secure the movement of all laborers coming from Mexicc into the United States through the proper points of enory where addquat6 inspections may be maintained.






-62



(4) In dealing with the pink billworta situation, adequate provision should be made in State laws for a technical commission, which should be vested with 'lull authority in establishing the fact of infestation, as well as in exercising wide discretion in relation to the fixing of the limits of any areas which m~ay be placed in noncotton zones or regulated zones, such zones to be continued in force automzatically until changed by the act of the commission.
(5) With reference to States bordering on Mexico, the conference believes that action should be based upon ifefstation conditions prevailing on the Mexican as well as on the Amnerican side, in such action both Federal and State authorities should cooperate,
(6) We beldpve that inasmuch as the work of eradication is un~Xdertaken for the benefit of the country at large, as well as for the direct benefit of the States wherein infestation may be found, that tha'%funds utilized in maintaining noncotton zones should be supplied jointly by the State and Federal Governments, in.accordance with precedents already established in the case of the work against tuberculosis and the foot and mouth disease of cattle.
(?* Wfe. hereby express our appreciation of the present attitude of
the citizens of Louisiana and Texas in favor of extermination work, as reported by their representatives in this conference. We are gratiafied with the assurance we have here received that it is proposed, through a special session of the Texas Legislatures to be held in July, 1921, to strengthen and make fully effective the eradication work now under Way, or to be hereafter instituted in that State.












TRUCK CR0P INS ECTS



SE D-COFM 1MAGCOT _vye:~ia cilicrura Ikond.)

1,Mas sachusetts. H. T. Fernp-Id (Maey 2-0) T hif insect was obzervod ..n the rcgion
extending from S3outh Duer-field to Hatfield in the Connecticut River Vcilley. It is t'Le fi-rst cnse I have seen in the C"tatc,
soyfields suffering as high as 25 -per c~nt diae .2r
cotton seed real v'as used as a fertilizer tkhe- injury iee-ed
Crea-test -and riggots takI-en in the field- and aut into tL-e
material fd on it, The growers noticed this a~nd as],cd if thc iar ots could pee sibly have come in the rneal. ThIe irnscet \,r bred from the rnagrot and identified as an adult, verifying the
larval (tcnt. tive) identification. Jiust as the insect h,-d been
identified the special report on this pest w, s r--ceivcCd. The maggots su ened worse on the lo,.-icr spots in the field 'out verce
not wholly absent on the higher ground.


Jersey. 7, J. Headlee (April 27) "The seed-corn L:agthas a-p,,kc'red this
spri-ng in considcr:,ble nuiibers over the southern third of the
State and has done daaeto pea -,rd bea-,n :seeJ-, --o lettuce
plants, and in some caveos to potato seed. 1

D. E. Fink ( M11ay 11) 11'-Tis insect is 100 per cent moie -,bund-int than Last year over 16he untiru south ,frn ),,rt of' the kStaLt. By
actual count 10 per cunt of thc strip. enLad iraba
plant.- vere found to be injured. In th,- vi cinilty of rest
Palmyra fish scrap was used in the button of sveet corn hills
Q: nd this fielC w:s 0n' early ruined. Another fiedpate a
later had no fi sh sc.--p in the bottcn of the hillcy but the fishi ocrap xaS-p,)lied on to' ,after the corn "rsup. This
laitter fielC v-as not injuruC~.

Indiana. J. J. Davis ( i' Y 17) Reports of injury to corn a nd bn
in cen-tr,>l ,nd south central TIndiana ha ve been received.

Illinois. S. C. Chandler ( I.:-y 17) "?This insect vas bred from dying- s- a'-!b e y
plantIs. Twnty-five cr cent of the pls nts in a, f icld i~t Te~c wecre found to be in thia condition. It vnas iripossible to t,-1
venether or not the nafggots attacked healthy pl1ants.

COLORADO POTATO BEETLE ( Leptinotarsa decerlin--ata Say New Yo rk* C. R. Inrlee ( M,1ay 17) 11Beetlus t cW&p n soafrth latter shovvd through the ground in Su-ffolk CouiubJy. it

11. C. ifuckctt ( IVay 14) "EG-,s now becoming notice-ble in sote
fields in Nassau C ounty. '











New D. E. Fink (May 12). "Much more abundant than usual/ The beetles are
Jersey now attacking potatoes; in some localities they are more in evidence
than in others/ Eggs are now being deposited."

West E. C. Sherwood (April 29). "Very few adults observed. The first egg
Virginia masses of the season observed today." South L. B. Altman (county agent). "Some damage done this spring in Greenwood Carolina County."

POTATO APHIS (Macrosihum solanifolii Ashm.)

Delaware C. 0. cu..t.. 1(13y 9). :This species is quite common on rose here this
spring 1 h-Z ve not yet observed it on potato. It apparently is being
held in check by 1_ialia bipunctata."

West E. C. Shervood (April 29). "Could find no signs of aphids on potatoes
Virginia in Mineral County. First observed aphids on potatoes and tomatoes on
May 23.

North Franklin Sherman (May 11). "This pest is as yet unknown to me in the Carolina field. If present it certainly has not been a subject of complaint in
this State."

Missouri L. Haseman (May 9). "Mr. C. E. Brown, of Carrollton, Carroll County,
reports that there is a slight infestation of potato aphids in his part
of the State."

Alabama W. E. Hinds (May 10). "Occurs, but not in numbers to cause complaint.
This species has not yet attracted much attention in Alabama."

POTATO FLEA-BEETLE (Epitrix-cuumeris Harr.)

New York C. R. Inglee (May 13). "Rather heavy infestation in Suffolk County but
recent rains seem to have driven many of them off the vines."

E. P. Felt (May 12). "Adults were first noticed in small numbers on
garden plants in Rensselaer County today."

H. C. Huckett (May 14A21). "This beetle is about as numerous as usua 1
in Nassau County this year."

R. Matheson (May 25). "Beetles have been active for a week, doing cons iderable damage to young tomato plants at Ithaca."

E. P. Felt (May 25). "A report has just been received from Geneses
County that the small black flea-beetle is very numerous on tomato plants."

Delaware C. 0. Houghton (May 7). "Quite numerous and doing about the usual amount
of damage at Newark."










New D. E. Fink (May 12). "About as numerous as usual in the southern part
Jersey of New Jersey. Beetles are just beginning to attack potatoes and tomatoes."

West E. C. Sherwood (April 29). "First observed on this date in Mineral
Virginia County. A few beetles on the larger plants in the lower parts of the
fields. Potatoes are about three inches high."

Oregon A. L. Lovett (May 10), "The western potato flea-beetle (Epi-rix
subcrinita Lec.,) is p-esent in most fields but less numerous than usual."

CABBAGE

CABBAGE WORM (Pontia nrae L.)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants report that cabbage butteifies were first
observed in Erie County on May 14; eggs first observed in Tompkins
Ccunty on May 13; by May 26 larvae were in the third and fcu,"..h instar and considerable damage was being done to garden cabbage in the latter
county.

Delaware C. 0. H-oughton (May 9). "This species does not appear to be as common
as during the la st week in March and I believe that the cool weather
of March 29 and 30 and the snow and freezing temperature of April 9
and 10 destroyed many of the adults."
Kentcky Grman(Marh 1). "~stadult o' the season observed on this date.
Adults common by March, 2?'ll at exingt[.n. The southern cabbage butterfly
(Pontia prot:dic-c II. &6 vv- ojite cTr, Loi about the flowers of the
common weed M i o;. v>s- nl*arch 27.1

Ohio~ ~~~ y.A osqd(:~ 7). !"Cabba-, bizt.erf' 14 laying eggs at Iarietta the
first week in 11L,.y .1'

Oregon A. L. Lovett, -First eggs were found on May 10; so far adults seem
very scarce."

CABEAGE WMAGGOT k'14yj 1::a brasiae Douche)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants report that on April 29 females were actively layi,! in Uassau Coun~ty, as high c 80 p c ,nt of tlW.r,
in many i~', -ing eggs at the b~se. Ey lwa~i It e,'7 7
ceased an _-ji.ry was apparent b-th in ccdbsda a--i May 2 0 c a 1-.og ,, g -anr f ox 3 w !r e s h vftg s:;.s o
pears thnt in suoct. cases the iiaF-.ot dc O- ,-wt "'n,:r th.
tacks thE' plant ir. the region of thc, o'.ci 1.1-ci ,-r- rtin t'C It- *"& T
axils of the .eavc~s. Wiihtin three E ~3 =a~gi~v v~r3f
one plant. Orowncs of ca >Iage scoe'A have e'cc al~ t ~l&<' ir, the
fi-pe of sa-'!ig th.e hoalthjq p:.azts, 1h- ir), Ih " 'r. ci~
of r_2uc o~ciu~os that; -r,,cwrs of cabbc~ro 1 t-i d-.rlng t'ne
pzts r Y. Oni Iay 14 L) V7 wo-eci i sn> g erC7 1
Ex ~ ~urAy; YM iy 38 r '- of ~~i ~ ~ ~ ~ :~mc
Cou:2tyv wero rccsi*v,7d and ~'the 2i1s-t, 5oCcri d-; gu t early cab'Cage
in Su'ffolk Counity was rep:r- sd.








-6


P. J. Parrott (April 25). "Flies observed in considerable numbers in cabbage seed teds !Jay 16. Egg laying not extensive; the larvae are
now hatching."

New Jersey T. J. Headlee (April 27). "Some damage by the cabbage maggot attack
ing early cabbage."

Indiana J. J. Davis (May 5). On May 2 1 was at Hammond and there found cabbage maggot eggs on every plant examined, and in many cases 15 or more eggs to aplant. In this connection it is interesting to know
that last year there was practically no damage by the cabbage maggot
in that section.of the State."

(May 17). "For the past 15 years the cabbage maggot has been a regular pest in northwestern Indiana; last year, however, it
was conspicuous by its absence. A second visit to Hammond, May 14, showed a heavy infestation of small maggots in cabbage, cauliflower,
and radish, and dozens of eggs about every cabbage or cauliflower
plant in the favored areas."

ASPARAGUS

ASPARAGUS BEETLE (Crioceris asparagi L.)

New York J. D. Detwiler (May 20). "Beetles fairly numerous, have been laying
eggs for the past two weeks at Ithaca."

TDelaware C. 0. Houghton (May 9). "M1ore numerous than usual at Newark. With
this species has appeared Crioceris 12-punctata L., but much less
numerous than the asparagus beetle."

Ohio H. A. Gossard (May 12). "Beetles were observed at arietta on May 1:."

Michigan R. H. Pettit (May 17). "More abundant than usual, damage being quite
serious. Have observed hymenopterous egg parasites attacking the eggs
of this beetle."

BEAN

BROWN COLASPIS (Colaspis brunnea Fab.,)

Florid E. Frierson (May 12). "Noticed for the first time today at Elfers;
about 10 percent of the beans were damaged by actual count. The variety flavida is the one present."

MEXICAN BEAN BEETLE (Epilachna corrupta Muls.)

Alabama W. E. Hinds (May !0). "Continued to emerge in large numbers from
hibernation, and even the earliest planted table beans are now
threatened with extremely serious injury. Cold weather has delayed
the crop and favored the increased dwn;ge flem this species."











F. H. Chittenden, Bureau of Entomology. "Investigations of the distribution of the Mexican bean beetle show that it is continuing to
spread. It has been reported under dates of May 30 and June I as follows:

Tennessee 11 miles north of Chattanooga, and from McDonald in Bradley County, to
Tucker Springs in the same county.

Georgia Dade County (Rising Fawn, Trenton, Sulphur Springs), Chattooga county
(Lyerly and Holland), Floyd county (Gammon), and Walker County (Flintstone, Highpoint, Cooper Heights, Cassandra, Shaw, and Lafayette).

Alabama Cherokee County (Pleasant Springs), Calhoun County (Piedmont, Anniston),
Clebourne County (M1uscadine, about 2 miles from the Georgia line, showing a spread of about 60 miles due east).

It is evident from the information already obtained that the bean
beetle will spread much more rapidly than was at first believed/ There is indeed reason to believe that the extensive spread could only be accomplished by strong migration immediately before hibernation last fall.
This habit is characteristic of other Coccinellidae and may be reasonably expected with the Mexican bean beetle and other Epilachna."

CUCUMBERS AND MELONS

STRIPED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)

Alabama 3. :. Davis (May 10). "Made their conspicuous appearance at Lafayette
today; coming in swarms, apparently with an easterly wind, from bottom-lands of the Wabash river. They attacked cucumbers in frames in
swarms."

Texas H. J. Reinhard (May 19). "This pest is reported unusually abundant in
Tarrant and Montgomery Counties and is causing serious damage to the
melon crop."

COTTON APHIS (Aphis -ossypii Glov.)

Florida :eff Chaff in and assistants report that this insect was first noticed
on May 1 in Orange County; by May 4, it was doing considerable damage
over the entire county; and by May 9, at least 15 per cent of the watermelons that had not been sprayed were seriously damaged. At
Arcadia this insect was reported ac being more abundant and doing many times as much damage as usual in watermelon fields located near citrus
groves by April 18; and was much more abundant than usual in Pasco
County by April 19.
STRAWBERRY

STRAWBERRY WEEVIL (Anthonomus signatus Say)










New York E. P. Felt. "Strawberry weevil adults were observed in small numbers in Saratoga County on May 18."

C. R. Crosby and assistants report that they were quite numerous and
doing considerable damage in Ulster County by April 27. In one
planting about 10 per cent of the blossoms had been already cut off.
By May 7 it was noticeable that serious injury was confined to the
variety William Belts; varieties Sample, Schofield, and Bubach are only slightly injured. Slight damage was also reported from Orleans
County, while a more serious outbreak developed in Columbia County;
here one dusting was applied on April 22 and another on April 30.
The two treatments held the pest in check ffom the report received
on May 7; here again, the William Belts variety seems to be the
worst infested.

STRAWBERRY LEAF-BEETLE (Paria canella Fab.)
New York E. P. Felt (May 18). "Adults feeding in small numbers on strawberry
plants at Scotia, Saratoga County."

C. R. Crosby and assistants (May 9). "Adults found occasionally in
Columbia County."

STRAWBERRY LEAF-ROLLER (Ancylis comptana Froehl.)

New Jersey D. E. Fink (May 12). "Moths were out last month, and by the end of
the month eggs were deposited. Larvae are now attacking foliage at
Mooretown and Haddonfield."

Otiorhynchus rugifrons Gyll.

New York J. B. Palmer (May 14). "Very serious injury by grubs working in the
crown of the plants in Ulster County."

MISCELLANEOUS TRUCK CROP INSECTS

Onion Maggot (Hylemyia antiqua Meig.)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants report that the maggots are less numerous
than usual in the onion section of New York State up to May 21.

Striped Blister Beetle (Epicauta vittata Fab.)

Florida H. Mowey (May 13). "Damaged about 10 per cent of the plants at
Jacksonville."

Sweet Potato Flea&Beetle (Chaetocnema confinis Cr.)

Arkansas W. J. Baerg (May 17). "This pest is apparently quite numerous in
certain localities. It is not generally destructive, however."

Pea Aphis (Macrosiphu pisi Kalt)
























New Jersey F. Fink (LVay 9). "About as numerous as usual over the southoriL
half of the State. The insnet sceors t.D be on the increase and spraying is being resorted to by Lv71y farmers."

False Turnip Aphis (Ahi Dvis)

Texas H. J. Reinhard (May 11). "Very inju-rious to turnips inPotter
County."

Southern Green Plan-i', bug 1Ileza-? v--74du~a L.)

Al.abama W. E., Hindi. "fLsinsect is in large numbers and will
certairlv C-c7aZin become a seri:u) obze in "he southeastern part
-of the 3a.TAI'is insect v-as g-cr-*;- y reduced by the extreme CC-1- weathcr of jeimary, 191L3, and hai3 no~t occurred until this time in icnumbe:,s.

Horse-radish Flea-bcc-tle (I-"- vllrt reta armioraciae Koch.)

Connecticut B. H, Wa ,'-n (May 9) 'b-~n and eating leaves of horse-radish at New v


















- I










-7C

FOREST AND SHADE TREE INSECTS


SPRUCE


Spruce Gall Aphid (Adelzes abietis Kalt.)
o':: York. C. R. Crosby and Assistants report this insect as badly infesting
Black Hills spruce, attacking three or four year ol: seedlings, as
well as older trees at Brentwood on Long Island.

MAPLE

Silver Maple Leaf 'ite Phyllocootes quadripes Shim.)
New York. E. P. Felt.(May 23). "MIaple bladder galls fully developed and
locally abundant on soft maple at East Schodack, Rensselaer
County."

M. D. Leonard (May 11i-16). "One tree with galls very numerous on
the leaves at Baldwinsville, and another at Elmira."

Chaitophorus lyropicta Kess.
New York. E. P. Felt (May 19). "Females are scatteringly present on Norway maples at Albany. This plant louse is somewhat abundant every
year and occasionally is very injurious to Norway maples."

Drepanachis acerifolli Thos.
New York. E. P. Felt (lay 12). "Adults were scatteringly present on soft
maples at Albany. This aphid is a very prevalent one, although
rarely markedly injurious."

Chaitophorus aceris L.
Maryland. E. 1N. Corey (Nay 24). 'More abundant than usual at College Park
and reported as very numerous at Annapolis."

Woolly Maple Leaf Scale (Phenacoccus acericola King)
Ney: York. E. P. Felt (May 23). "Reported as common on most of the sugar
maples at Oneonta, Otsego County."

Cottony ,aple Scale (Pulvinaria vitis L.)
Hew York. E. P. Felt (May 23). "Present on soft and silver maples at Oneonta."

Terrapin Scale (Becanium nigrofasciatum Perg.)
New York. E. P. Felt (May 23 T. "Black banded scale abundant on maples at
Camoridge, Washington County, there being numerous eggs."

Green-Striped Maple Worm (Anisota -ubic:nJa Fab.)
North F. Sherman (April 16). "Adults sent 'ro2 e arg County.
Or c-i- n. Seems like early appearance for this species."






-71


Box Elder Aphid (Chaito:horus neaunfinis Thomas)
Indiana. J. J. Davis (March 16). "This aphid is becoming exceptionally abundant in several parts of Indiana, and in some cases has resulted in
a decided dropping of the foliage. This aphid is one of the very first
to hatch from the egg in the spring and this year at Lafavettc ;iey
were first hatching, according to our observations, on March ll. The
dimorphic form is already abundant."

BIRCH

Calaphis betulaecolens Fitch.
New York. E. P. Felt (:lay 19). "Both adults and young were abundant upon weeping birch at Albany, and the foliage was already becoming coated with honey dew."

C. R. Crosby & Assistant report that trees are badly infested at liyack
and less so at Varwick."

White Marked Tussock m:oth (Hemerocampa leucostiga S. & A.)
Kentucky. H. Garman (April 18). "Hatching from the eggs today at !lexington."

Bronze Birch Borer (Aerilus anxius Gory)
New York. E. P. Felt (May 19). "Seriously injuring cut-leaf white birch foliage
and during the last three or four years has killed a number of large trees in Albany Parks and the remainder are in a sickly or dying dondition. This insect has been very destructive to ornamental birches
throughout most of the State."

BEECH

Beech Aphid (Phvllaphis fagi L.)
New York. E. P. Felt (1ay 19). "Adults and young decidedly abundant on copper
beech at Albany."

ASH

Ash-Mid-Rib Gall (Confarinia canadensis Felt)
New York. E. P. Felt (May 18). "Galls are well developed and abundant in Albany County, many of the larvae being half grown and some attacked
by parasites."

HOLLY

American Holly Leaf Mliner (Phytomyza obscurella, var. ilicil> Loo-) New York. A. F. Bartlett (1lay 19). "Occurred on a hedge at Svosset. "
more destructive in the vicinity of Philadelphia anil farth,- ut>.

LARCH

Woolly Larch Aphid (Cn2rh2lodes strobilobius Kalt.)
New, York. .i.D.Leonard (May 17). "Mary lara tre re so badly infested at Ithaca, as to look as if dusted 'ith flour. Hone1- : .; was so kundant
that the trees actually dripped."









Chermes laricis Htg. -72New York. E. P. Felt (May 19). "Was generally abundant on the new larch leaves at Albany. Occasionally this Aphid is decidedly injurious."

PINE
Pine Bark Aphid (Pineus str6bi Htg.)
Ohio. H. A. Gossard. "Quite conspicuous at Wooster and has been reported
from two or three other localities."

New York. M. D. Leonard (May 14). "Several pines affected at Pleasantville."

E. P. Felt (May 19). "Has apparently been an important factor in
weakening white pines in Albany Parks since infested trees have
been losing strength and dying for the last 10 or 12 years."
Kentucky. H. Garman (March 15). "Eggs observed on white pine at Lexington.
Some trees very badly infested. April 7, the eggs are hatingg"

White Pine Weevil (Pissodes strobi Peck)
New' York. E. P. Felt (May 1). "Has been abundant and very injurious to
white pines for a series of years near Broadal'in, Fulton Ccunty,
and during the last four or five years has. seriously injured a moderately large planting of white pine. There is a marked contrast
between these conditions and those in northeastern Rensselaer
County, where recently set pines are practically unharmed. Injury
by this insect here and there on Long Island was reported on May 13.

POPLAR

Cottonwood Leaf Beetle (Lina scripta Fab.)
Ohio. H. A. Gossard (April 11). "For several years has been a serious
pest in the plantations of the Mead Pulp and Paper Company at Chillicothe, Ohio, and has commenced its operation full early this season being received April 11."

ARBOR VITAE

Arbor-Vitae Leaf-Miiner (Argvresthia thuiella Pack.)
Connecticut. W. E. Britton (May 19). "Since reporting this pest last month
the larvae have pupated and a few adults have emerged. This leaf
miner has injured many plants about New Haven."

New York. E. P. Felt (May 24). "Has been the cause of several complaints
from Long Island and a shipment from Newport, Rhode Island, was
badly infested as reported by P. M. Eastman."

OAK

Tent Caterpillars (gglaosoma spp.)
Oregon. A. L. Lovett (1iay 16). "ore "bundAnt in the fruit sections of Douglas County. Malacosoma Cis ria and erosa are both prevalent.
The majority are on oak but tend to :igrate to orchards. Malacosoma pluvialis is more generally co,.mon in the upper-Willamette
valley this spring than usual; the principal hosts are wild rose
and alder."





-'73



FILM

The Elm Leaf Beetle (GzaLerucella luteola MR1l.)
Now York. E. P. Felt (1xm-y 17). "Aduits -,'orlking freely in Albany -,nd vie cinity."

Oregon. A. L. Lovett (LUa-y 10). "Adults appeared on troes to date( at, Portland and Corvallis. Previously reported from Iultnoma'i County, is
now;, found in Salem, iThIrion, Corvallis, and Berton Counties3."

Elm Scale (Gossynaria spuria U.odcer)
New York. E. P. Felt (,1Pa 19i). "The elm ba.r k louse females are nc arly full
grown and some-.,hat abundant on both Eu;uopean and iXnerican c Ins in
Albany a:nd vicJinity."

*,oolly 7l1m Aphid (Txiosoma anericana Riley)
New York. EA. P. Felt (P ay ii."Just starting leaf rolls on ;:--._rican
at Karnor, Albany County."


MISCEFLLUTFOCUS F0R-7ST A14D 2HADF TREES D137CTS.

Bag Worm (Thridopteryx sp.)
Arkansas. WU. J. Baerg (Lay 10). "Several times as numierous as usual at Fh-I
etteville, hatching in large numbers, no parasites seem to bo Dr,sent, a thousand bags were collected and examined."

Missouri. L. Hasercan (No date). "Much more numerous than usual in Ja- Soer,
Newton, Barton and Lawirence CountiLes. A special. campaign has been
started in Jasper County to control this pest."

Gypsy M~oth (Porthetria dispar L.)
L'assachusetts. H. T. Fernald (April 22). "!-Vorceet~rr County Farm Rureau re.ports very heavy infestation this year."

Fall Canker 'ivorn: (Also-ohila pometaria Harris3)
North Carolina. Franklin Sherman (May 11). "Has bee-n locally epidemic in
mountain forests and in -:,estern North Ca rolina in. the years 1917i to 1920Z W~e expect it again this year, but studied s in 100ind-icrate that natural enemies aro on the increase. Of these an og~g
parasite ranks first in Lipo,-tance."







7

GREENHOUSE AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

ROSE

RO3E LEAFHOPPER ( Epoa rosae L.) New York, E. P. Felt ( May 6) Rose leafhopper young were abundant on the
under side of rose leaves at Nassau, Rensselaer County. "

R. Matheson ( I'May 23) Very abundant on rambler roses at Ithaca.

M. D. Leonard Badly infested rose leaves received from
Ensenore. One nymph apparently in the fourth stage.

Ohio. H. A. Gossard. The rose leafhop.er has appeared in numbers on
rose foliage at ;ooster, the nymphs now being nearly grown. They
have yielded quickly to spraying with nicotine sulphate, where
this has been ap,2lied. "

ROSE APHID ( Macrosiphum rosae L. ) New York. Li. D. Leonard ( May 20) Rugosa roses with buds and terminal
growth now considerably infested with these aphids at Ithaca. Ohio. H. Osborn ( M!ay 12) Quite numerous at Columbus, injury not
especially noticeable and natural enemies are likely to control
then. "

ROSE SCALE ( Aulacaspis rosae Bouche. ) vew York, M. D. Leonard ( Mlay 26) A large bed of Rugosa roses badly
infested at Ithaca. "

ROSE CHAFER ( Macrodactylus subspinosus Fab.) Delaware. C. 0. Houghtoh ( May 9) Took first adults of the season at
New;ark, today.

ROSE MIDGE ( Dasyneura rhodophaga Coq.) Indiana. H. F. Dietz ( May 17) Rose midge beGan to show up after the
middle of March due to warm weather. "

IRIS

GARDEN SLUG ( Agriolimax agrestis L.) New York, R. MNrtheson ( 1May 15) Leaves badly damaged by this pest in one
bed at Ithaca ."








LILAC

OYSTZR SHELL SCALE (j d~aphes ulni L. ) New York. p. J. parrott ( M ay 16) Abundant on lilacs at Rochester. *

C. R. Crosby ( May 7) Abundant at M1ilton, Ulster Pounty."


BOXWOOD

BOXWOOD LEAF-MIER ( .aonarthropalpus buxi Labou.) New York. M, D. Leonard ( May 9) Large hedge at Glen Cove, Long Island
badly infested, apparently most in the larval stage, but several
pupae were observed on two leaves. "

TTEIGELIA

FOUR-LINED LEAF BUG ( Poecilocapsus lineatus Fab.) New York. R. Matheson ( May 23) Is now injuring the terminal growth, but is not as abundant as last year at Ithaca."

HOLLYHCCK

HOLLYHOCK BUG ( Orthotylus delicatus Uhl ??) Indiana, J. J. Davis ( May 13) A capsid which seems to be the same
as has been referred to un(er above name, has appeared in
destructive numbers on hollyhocks at Lafayette. "

CHRYSATHElJjl

CHIYSANTHEM11 GALL MIDGB ( Diarthronomyia hypogaea F. Loew)

Indiana. J. J. Davis ( April 1r5) According to reports which have come
to un4the chrysanthemums gall midge is pretty well distributed
in Indiana and is a very serious pest."

H. F. Dietz ( May 17) Chrysanthemum midge is getting widely
scattered -though it does not seem to be a s destructive as in the past, probably our mild winter was favorable to its
rapid multiplication. There is at present a decided shortage of chrysantheciun stock in Indianapolis, which means that lots
of florists will have to buy plants and if they are not careful
will get midges with them.

THRIPS ( H1eliothrips femoralis Reut.?) Indiana. H.S,, Dietz ( May 17) Thrips have been very abundant on
chrysanthemum and have done serious damage. These insects are
practically always present on calla lilies in this State, though
the actual damage to this host is slight. "










BOSTONI F R N

BOSTON~ FER11 SCALE ( lemichionaspis aspidistrae Sign.) .cadiana, H. F, Dietz ( M ay 17) "I Is a commvon pest on ferns, though not
universally present in the greenhouses of the State.

MISCE~1JUMUS GREUKMhOUSE IISECTS Greenhouse orthezia ( Orthezia insignis Dour.)

Tndjana-. H-. F. Dietz ( May 17) 11This insect has been found in three
different -re~nhousos on coleus in the past month. 11ot serious
,is yet. "(Also received from Logansport, Indiana, this
past %%,inter, J. J. D..)


Greenhouse white fly (Trialeurodes vaporario rur est.)

Indiana. H. F. Dietz ( 111,"Y 17) 11 Have found the Creerhouse white fly to
be the mo-t universIly present of all pests so far in
Indiana ."

Greenh-ouse leaf-tyer ( ,hlyctapnia ferrugalis Uubn.)

Indiana. H. F. Die tz (M.Y 17) Greenhouse leaf-tyer is bad in the
northeastern pfirt of the StAate F ort Wayne and vicinity)Ait'rLN
one outbreak at Indianapolis,

I N"'ECTS ATTA'C KI NG MAPN AND DOMES TIC

1. N I 1A A L S

IYosquitoes ( 1Aedes abfitchii Felt.)

Lx'e'; York. Ilatheson and Shannon ( Mvay 10) 11 Large numbers of larvae &nd
pupae found on April 21 and to-day. Females active and several
taken attacking van. 11

Aedes canadensis Theo.

11ew: Yo rk. Matheson "-nd Shannon ( Maly 8)"Adults reared from larvae taken in a small, spring ef pool at Ithaca."



Nov' Yo rk9 Matheson and1 Shannon ( April 2) "Adults just emexrgin6 from hibi ernation at Ithaca.






-77


Matheson and Shannon ( Iry 14) 1 Adults obtained froui larvae npupae found in a sirll pool along railroad at Ithaca,"

Culiseta inornatus Wil.

Dr York. Matheson -nd Shannon ( April 2) Adults just emerging from hibernation at Ithaca."

Stable fly ( Stomoxys calcitrans L.)

Office of Southern Field Crop Insect Invostigation: Attention must
be given to the stacking of straw during threshing if the terrible
outbreak of stable flies of last year is not to be repeated this season.
Last year's losses are well remembered by the farmers and stochmen of Oklahoma, Kansas- Nebraska, and parts of the Daotas. Hcvy r.ins at
threshing time combined with loose piling of the straw was res :oniblc.
Plowing wqs practically abandoned in some sections, and tractors were
resorted to in many instance. as the horses could not withstand the
overwhelming hordes of flies. Cattle suffered heavily, flesh being
greatly reduced and milk flow cut tv:entywfive to fifty per cent, in
some c!oes. Death loss was also heavy- animals weakened through blood
loss and worry fell ready prey to certain diseases and others were
said to be actually made sick by the flies themselves. The field men of the Bureau of Entomology state that these blood-sucking flies were present in unusual numbers in June. Uith many old straw stacks
still in the fields .nd the usual careless piling of straw at
threshing time and some heavy suner rains these flies will develop
into veritable hordes late in the summer.

ISCEL'LANEiCUS INSECTS ATTACKING MAN

Chrysops niger Macq.

: York, M~atheson and Shannon ( ay ) Sevcr:'l females then while attempting
to attacr'man, also several males ttln on blossoms of chokecherry
at Ithaca."

Simulium so.

Matheson and Shannon ( ay 6) The species pictipes locally
abundant in woods at Ithaca. "

Small body hlen louse ( Menopon pallidum Nitz.)

New York. M. D. Leonard ( tpril 12) Back of a m:ian at Accord was badly bitten
by these lice, They had evidently cotton on him while working in a
poultry house, as he was employed by a poultryman."





rU NIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

-78- 3 1262 09244 4693


Fowl tick (_Argas miniatut k~o h)

!ouisiana. T. Ei. Jon~es ( -!.pri:l 11) 'These raftes .retaken in New' Orleans
-nc 1.'7CrO ref2Crred to Mr. P,. C. Bishopp of the Bureilu of Entomology for detei'inrrton. I believe thi~s 'Go be the first authentic record o1 thiv prst in the S:tatuc of Louisiana, although we have had one or
tvwo re-Qirts -tiich w~ere -:usp-'cious. ( Special Report N0I.13)

Corrau.-on cat and dog flea ( Otenocephalus canis Curtis)

M ~uri. Leonard Hasernan. It Very serious outbreaks of, these insects atta.ckirng
=a 'at Atlanta, nigasamt YHill,.nic Hale- have been reported to this
off*-ce. The fleas re br-eeding in hog houses and have entered
dviellin~s. and other: fa~rm buildings.

~nglzh armdg ( i~orficula, auricularia L.)

AL. Lovett ( 1,May "16) The English Earwigs passed the winter
api )rently v'ith little or no mortality or loss of vitality. They
are alre- dy active in Portland Where ftpptoxirnately 16 square
blocks in one of our' exclusive districts are simply over run writh the
pe~st. They are 4 serious nuisance.' Houses do not rent- property si11 not',~l and friends even decline invitations to call. They aie transported very readily and new outbreaks aqre expected, They
prpy on orciaiuientaas and have been 'found destroying raspberry
bloss~p=."