The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]
monthly
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology   ( fast )
Insect pests   ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals   ( fast )
Periodicals.   ( fast )
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no. 9 issued only as a supplement.
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
ocm08816534
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00001


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Full Text





THE INSECT PEST SURVEY

BULLETIN.


A monthly view of entomological conditions throughout the United States.






4










Volume 1. May 1, 1921. Number 1.


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY

UNITED STAT.ES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATING.



A
LIBRAR













doubt3es's or' cr tc against the aphids. Syphid flies were also a i te' a bi ,nd" nt

11011,3P 'i1q)

L St r i i :Io n d. (J"izil 19). 1,'_-;a-ara Count,. First larva observed a--I tlis date.
j) 1 ;1. -tj I- i 1 2 25 Cnonda' ,a Coi-,,nty, on tjils
Oreen6 County. ',")nlv oiae found.. (ji-ril 15). Johunbia IC;ounty. Only tvjo caterpillars found.
(j 1. i 1 T-JSI-er CoL,
j nty. Very sca-ce,

J ,ftensio-n '7e,:is i ril 32). Yr.uit tree leaf roller serious
in 3httoi, _'uot

C CI.SES aid

i_,L YO-_T. T C. 1,V'Ipr. 1 '_ e-'I-?.-eC co-'Irt-'r" I'lortiful,
J 3 1 :_-i r o r t 7 V eo'y s a r c e
RT, Li .alliy present in some
r".0,
ID. 1 ot u,:)comion in one unin sotae orch.: rds4

i i T G A yor e 1 !a I iley)

ZTEVI YORK. D. D. j J r i 42 0 n i'_1L ;u!Int-r. I otl so abundant as
last e,, r to b-, 's o, a Ist,
% 9 i 6) s-ccr L, a untr. soazee.
Felt. Cc un First ob
r n jenssellear
sorlre(. all tj,-.C ,ove 0,7 tc,
-ne Countr. -any 1,)resor.t in sc,.;e o r ,:r a S
1 D. d. 1 16). Onori lc ga Count, C-usin- in a

D. C. Vcrr.. ,-r i 1 16). :ronroe County. FounC. L,,. some orc'

2 1 B IDE'D COC 001,T jj -- -':' (3uc-- ula tri x ,?omif ol ie*',-j j,

J. Liaerg. (-,arch L.0). 3eq n :"ItclainC, at ,'oyottamille or, t3--is d te.

'BUD 1CUI -ocel'am.)

i yo_- K. 1'. J. P-rrott. (1, pr i' 7". Observed eatin,3 a,)ple buds at Geneva.
Leonard. (Y pr il 10 uTcommo-,. ir mnc vzis.)rayed
orchard :.t C: skill.










-1 3


T. E. Follow _y (i pril 5). "Lar-e ri3;_ ihers of third inst ,r larv" e in
twa of three pl-ants. six -Ghan usual."

Tv;elvD spot,"ei -(,r
T. H. JonoG 1: 1. P r. i c r,.a,:; herc Lt B-ton
Rou -a &-' prox-_Latel17 e'ver; w, Dex _,n_: t;-,,- _re ox4
amin d two weE;ks after tha secd is -r1_1Xt-_-,d. r o 7,
p1ccrit-1ng r-ade bn 1,' rch s c,- %Sd litt'a root 's e %vh en Cb t i ons
,were made o-n M-rch 15, though subse4uon"., t:&s don': to the Tl _nts.
Lz 4rva w are vei7y in t-ne -plantirE ,f ar! h 10, when examin-ed
march 23, as iany as 2-0 beinE taken one 1-i-Ill, and th- first 011pa
wastahen on this date. In the p1antvi= of Yarch 13, exazi.ined on 1,Iarch
29, Ls T_ .ary*la.rvae were fo-ond as %vere tL ken on Varciri 23,
fror. the planting of !,.,arch 10, tuL a.ary ..Lad' been killed. befcrc
reaChing the surface of the soil; a fLct n ',t so F-enerally true in the
earlier plantLa -.
.,orth Fr a rj-- 11
Wr 'lin 'he=.an (!- .arch 17). ad,--lt cf t'-, s_,cson obs-ar-, d a' PaCarolina.loir cn r,' '-1,0 10-,- n cor,7 is tent! 17
y abnori7all.,
wa= S111CZ s SU V.;r"-I .-iere dlssect- d, wefound to be

i"_ 117] '13 3

,est 10. M. Ioeairs ITT,- 1v '-j t i n 71 iz L
Vii-i n* a. appearing I -n c c: 1: C1 C C1.11 .1 1 11

Wisconsin. S. B. Fra, 3.;,ar (,.vr- "Ec fror. i_.r D Cc-arty
we!Ftward. L, :z __4

Ohio. 13. A. Q). in s-ob,, i-,- n
par t of Th -3 S t F.,

New York. E. P. F a I L "I. t s 1 -S e C t -t s uca1 1-y L: ar:, J r 3 T art,

Texas. J. D. Yitcl-i-' 11 (7,ril 5" cv, r ,e St-I.te in
C C'-US- 1 7 d ae In a_
















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New York professor C.R.CrosbyExtension Entomologist, Correll University$
Ithaca.
Mr. P. J Parrott Ent,-omol og 14st,*Agric ult ural- Expe rinent Station, Genevae Worth Carolina Professor F. Sherman, Chi6f in'"Entomology, State Department of Agriculture, Raleigh.*
North Dakota Mr. So LockwoodExtension Entomologist,17orth Dakota Agricultural
College# FArg ov
Ohio Professor H.A,*Gcstar'dEhtomblogistlAgricu turaI*Experiment Stations
'Wooster.
Dr.Herbert Osborh. Eyi =,olotript i'Ohio,,,,St Lte Univpr sity p Columbus.
Dr.R.C.OsburnEntomologistOhio State University3, Columbus.
Oklahoma Pr of e s s or' C E. Sanborn jEnt Agri cultural. Experiment Stations
Stillwater.Or 6,,'on Professor A.L .L.ovett -..Entomologist *Oregon. Agricu tyral College#
Corvallis,
Rhode Island Dr.A E #Stene tEntomolbgist Stalel3oard of-A&r.icu).ture-jKingston6 South' Carolina Prof ess.or-A.F.Co,nradi,'$ Chief -Ehtomalogi.st.. Agricultural Experiment
Station* Clemson College.
Sotith Dakota Professor H.C.Severin,,St.ate,,,EntomolQg istpAgricultural Experiment
Station, Brookings*
Tennessee Professor S-.M Bent ley,-: State Ertomolog: st and P lapt, pathologist.*- State
Board of Agriculture, Knoxvilles
Texas Professor M.C.Tahquaryj St-ate Entomol-ogis
g ricultur4l Experiment
Station, College Station,
M .&.E.,Schbll)' Chief Ihspett-oLrjSt-4te, Departmept ,o AgriculturetAus tint Ut ah Prof esgor H.J.Pac:kEntomologist tAgriqultural EXperixRent Station,
Logan.
Virginie Professon ',7.j'*SdhoenbState Ent otaologist-j, State Crop Ppst Commission,
B-lacksburk.
Vashingt on D r. A. L, Me, 1 ande' r t' E rt om ol og i st Ag r i c ult ur z41 *,E xpp r imp nt, -St at i on
Pullmaly. 1 .1. :, a, - I ., I
West-- Virginia Professor 11,E.,RLzmsey ct ate Ent omologist,,Agr,,icultura1 Experiment
Station,' Moraantown.,
Professor L.I,.'I.PeairsEntomolo -istAgj:,"-cultura-Ex p6r ment Staticiij
Mo r g a n-t own
Wisconsin Professor S.B.rracker, 3tatte 1-,ntomolog1st,j. State Department of
Agricu1tt*urej"Mad1s6n%
Professor H.F.WilsonEnt-oMologist'j Univer.sity -olf Wisconsinliadison.0









25





SECONMGO (Hyvmmvia- .1'icrura form'e.rly Pep~nmvLa fus c Tc7

N ORTH Franklin Sher mn (April, 6) Very serious outbreak -of Seed corn
CAROLINA inggot in" the eastern "part of North Carolina cove ring Pitt,
Beafort Tyrell and PiLrcountites thr, rriagg-7ts, attacking
*seed potatoes in the Coil be-r-oro Te ro- Is eo
darpn -te 'is an *ent irel1y rxexw tbing in ou)r 6xe ri e-.c c Damagec o was
*first.'reported late in March, and ,,he insects are still at wory.
M~~T~abe: ,F: tension Entomologist, made careful counts in
infested fields and found that 85 of the seed had been destroyed~necesssta-ting replanting or aborndoning the crop. He estimatd~tiAte hese i~on th crop.-will be reduced 50.o
by th6 depredationh of this -isect. The lnf"ested region lies In. the lo4.ty costal plain ahd has 'a genEyraJlly sandy loam1 so il.
The weather this spring has beeiA, abno ,,rally warn~ esp~edall
since liarch I~

VIRGINIA W,%J. Soh6ene (April 18) We have had: a num,-be rof reports from the
*Truck-1 perirbent, Station, fro t County A~ent s, and from 'Dr.E. P.
Frcrt'e the: Plan', PathboI6gislt. *att xprne taonrgrdg
the prevalence- of the Sead-oorn-Maggot irn Eastern Vi~gir.a.
5r'4Firote has just spent a-.*number 6fL dcays in eastern Virginia ingoitig, over some 'of the -otato. fields.1'e reports ti.at he is of
the opinion theat the eeC>--corn mragCot is -not rds~onsible for the
primar~r injury; that .le ohiuf diffLcu!1y is that -t!h potatoes
are f~ 6d 'with the FusAriurn ro '~hi h rmr as
of the' t r~uble -Dr Frw'-,no 13k ils me that this Ttsariun disea-Se
of pctatoes-ftqui1ret a ver ig t rr.-ature 'fo- dciv*oprnent and it appears-th~it the hipgh tof-rqra0_r(s v!, re present' at the plantin time in #the YFas'-.orn 'Shore t,_io ycar. He further reports
that he found some P atoes ~h ih "'ot e rottng and .hicij -were
not infested wiith~ rniu
Some years ago in mahing,5omeCcll~~~ of the closcly
related species Z T- i rr-ea I vcry f~q~t'y 'tocok the
lar,*vae of the seed cowl., rrng -ot and I w~as, iu ablc 'to 1ind -hese,
larvae' in any but .1-6a y is t -1s 11761e

1,r.. hao ,Ic'*,oX the Dure of Pl1ant, Irdustry,,U. .D.,!. in a
rero;-t dat&6d Am; 11-14 says *; 1he? ocltbreal, or tIk- e aoer n
S',:cre of Virpjinia .s ouite gen e.ra]. So-me perfect fields are to
be found in central and northern Northampton County~cut 15 2
of ,hills missing is very common, 251. to 30114 is f requcr. t, and
50,; to 75i~ has been observed.











33

rED SpiD71]RS

OHIO H. I.. Gos _;,_ rL llllitcc or r(,,d
1.^,,ct -" .nd cv rCrccn, i ,,lly u red
from t"he att ,,cks. So,-,e trees
cuite 7 bund,-lntl- in the -,v,,olo oa-c.: r6S fall -nd are, nol',,
hatcldnC.

J-'.TCKORY BOPEP, Cyl one o4 c _uo)

I TORTH
CAROLINA L. M. Peaivs !,.arch '5) Ad l-s v;ere sent m where 'l,-y : en,
reported 4-0 I)U vury abundl rt

BAG TT01:11
AttacLdnZ e,,,er6rcens, orc ,.nd -hade
L. llase: an '.pr l 7) 1 hardest .3
treos. Th-*s c !ttDrpill..ir 'ias beon espcci .11y fo IL-Ille
,.),-St "UwO Yc-rt r especially in cities .nd, in orcl, .;,rdc. In Jaspci,
County a S-pcc _al caiipaiCn been !7t ,rtkl to clc,--,n U-p the pe :t
in the orch,-,rds anJ in the cit-Jer. o' Joplin, C-a-th-Ce ..n,i
7,7,?bb City. In seve-E., caces --Cjj,- -' 4'1-Uit
trees anC eve:,ercen- mty 7)e cor.- -D", fte I- clest"royed. S-C)ra
'th sl-ade and (? V i j' 17 0 C 1 1
,i in arz;enc,",2 iz; i 2co-iix.ndeq --'.'or f-,vdt,
4.
UrCes



TOnC 2* a &1-) x
T .........
of
in New o,, -;ew- 1 17
camo -or trces _Y r-,J by i'c, '11, C, r i
'X -,r c i i i (1 f
Y"

.Lj. R. Earber L-i- 1 o n r e t,, i r n t o 7 lev, 0 r 1 c, z i n s i n
t h i: b e 6 :1, -1114
around f.,y liou :- 3e
-lijury, fevl, :e r
of the la,,ves ff"al-1* -IL G f. 1;.) th e- _"Yc,
for block, aa-&un(7. '-c:..v? :. .n t'-" 7:),

_Yla stooOAS lu-'C-o _-I

G.-F Moznc.Ate ( 71. 7. -rfl Thio s'-poc3-cs is at th c
tii:.o. very E erio,4s ructi,,x o '-he royal pa*,,, ero. _',1 7D-_-ntly
4t :s s,-,)CC4C,3 of a vei-y
-fol-O un-'-- n-)- -_)t.,ol;)l h-re cormen(,t-7 to cor.,
about t&rious clma ;e 'Uo IL-heir .x -. 1 -,s roy-d at
11 tc n ye (- r G o c, i, io a --i t 4 n 11 n t t 1 7 "- .
J+
be ;1 ,71 d. ]aas crepl- iii here.












', 17'VII, (Phytonora,,s

Nevada. tension News Lek.t,?r (!"arch K) "Tiwo irSestations, bot"h
very light, bo"Ch over a 10C mf-11as f:-onj t1i.,_ r.ca:C,?t in',,- station."

1 "17 T 7
CLOVER

1 rylland.E-. N. Corey (.Ppril 20). "Recei7ed ,:pecimans frm, County 1-cent in Balti-r-ore County, afiparontly more =erous than usual."

77est Vir-L. 11 Pairs (.A7,,r-1.l 7), as doim considerable dama ,e in
ainia. 77-heel -L

Illinois. 7. 10. Flint (.4pril 16). 11. -enpral moderate irLfestation of alfalfa
over., the ent .re State, rnuch r ,ore se7.,ere t1lan usual. Clover auch r=e
scricusly in.L -sted, tnan usual, fl om 5 to of the crop damaged. The
fL:st r,.xr)a, wa;3_not iced at t-arrol]-ton on April 72 at which time they
m--re fai,17 rous in maiq iiele.5.11
1 1* inme.41

Indiana. J. J. Davis r j 1 5) 111, ,'Ps first renor-i-ed to us this spring on
Tiarch 21 frcm Poc177-,_-t _rhich n t he e x t rr_ 7 s ou th end of the State.
Since then ,- :e hav rece. ,ved of this inzect 'L-cm
po nts as :Car no"'Ob as ,,ariork, I i ili ;n tAe -r rt Cf k.t Cu.
77e are -ettving Ln rspcrts C r,Y. T --o Can7,e in touay wnere
'_aad air-,--ad, b,_ E;n cloae..

IvIis sour- A F. Sat teethxL A t; (B 8) t t, a ou t
G=,-bo and- Che3ter'ii Id, TJ i 3 r I a f i,-! d as c'j: e r -e a damage 'had bee-n _-Ione b-r thu I r vile of th i s ns e -,; + W s, eded in or '!4.1-w,r-'_,. I F ide o-f a c1 7v,7
down in Ocj.Wob3r of the r U L
years oL"'A. In tile infe-t.d 1JL,1-:l,,q, snme plans
The leaf -weevil larv :-e -,cre w ol 1 do-Tel o'ood about 20, :rore a n
half grown.

L. Baseman (S-r ril r) A is esT is wit us verv --ear, in a f
isolated ro;-'Lons, to clover and a'faifa "-n s
spring. F_:_ 7 oro
.-)'ds in Chi ton County sho,,ve-d s, the recent fr--eze. nc. the, freeze no ii-ve be- -,n
received."

CT
S 107 AIM kU,1jLFk Il,S'LCTS

iL a rraetiosa T, 1

Arizona. Don C, iviote (.) pril "TI.-Is insert is more distrd'Out,Dd '*_,-, -an
appeared at f irst Pnnd has il) re)"bably bt- -:-1 i41 t,"O valley f C'-' -, !,E-I-s .
It has done cons iw- e i;c aifaif- o7, I"-,- 7, a"
YI-Lya, 'Out it is difficult, to estiL.ate The 1
jured for about a distance of a foot froa ti <7rwmd. In 3 s t io r ul 'd
indicate that daa.age wIll be greatly redic. .d as soon, as h) wcath- r











32

FORCES T A11D SHADE TREBE I NS ECT,

OYSTER SHJEL SCALLES ( Lepidosaphes slp )

UI IO11TS W X. P. Fliint ( March 16) Attacking Dogwood; Ash, Lilac and Poplar, Number of trees die after twio or three years infestation.

Lepidosa-ohes ulri

Extension News: Letr(:arch 30) Dainage to shade trees serious

I 1TAU. J. J. Davis ( April 15) Is increasing in abundance in this state
especially on shade trees and ornamentals in the northern twothirds of the State, In orchards where regular spray practices
have been in uso, it is not ordinarily a pest*

01-710.Extonsion I-ev-z Letter ( M1arch 30) Attacking, shade trees,more
abundant now than for several seasons.

UT1AH. H, J. Pack ( March 26) Ap, ea-red on this date in Cache County.


1,[SCELLAIMEOUS FOUPST AND SHADE TREE INSECTS BROVI-TAIL MOTH ( 73uroctis chysori-hoea)

TMA SSACEIUSETTS 'Edward R, Farrav ( April 112) About the same number of nests
tiken off 1200 ap--le tree, aq last year at Ljincoln.

G YP SY MOT H F Po rt1h et'lr ia d -' oa r

MASSA7.CHUSETTS Edl.ja,-rd R. Fai'rar ( Apil '12) Three tires as numerous at Lincoln.
11umber judelc by amount of creosote used. 1E'J YORK Cherr:epI)inic rjt.4cms
C. R. Crosby ( 4pril 22) Attacking wtcpine in Martinsburg.

Lepido -terous- Leaf-2 ialell

COINCTICUT V. E. lBrit4-on (Irl29) An unfamiliar lepidopterous'loafminer u-hich h-s r.uined th-e appearance and lowered the vitality
of' m.any tree. !Me are studyinS the pest.












Tr Y (7h tr7' eztrrctor)

Illinoi-.. Extension Nows Letter f3l C-) ri:=b -,rs in c : rtrnl n,- rt )f
th ,, Stato in 1 f e7 dz,, s- v, ,,- 'r a r
ii1a. V,;nten d Fr-.,z: r E, k: nL,, e ; tar t,, -; i I I s o -U t r n r
T '7
in -,cu7al staEe in c ,ntrL-l art of

P. F1Int, (Ppril 16). "IIcssiar fly -s T resent in ncrrl-,- l ra rtb,- rz :D-17:;r
tne ontir-- Stat .: herc conditions r fl-..vorabl to th-- fall brood; but unf5a criabl'-, to tn spring brood. Par,;Lsites are sc--rce. All earl-1 3C."'M in'the f-,-ll of 1920; th- ri, fl-L
z at h,. avil,,7 ir-L Maj c 7 C
U.- for the sr rinz
survived tlne but:.the weather has ccen unf avc r a-,,-. 1,3
brocd. Orly a saall rrjzber of eaizs ha7,3 b eo n laid; soii L -:-Ct .-.c-v in
-.L pl ants in C ntr :-! Of* S t a
whe, t; n ar:oers o e zEs still on

Inaiana. i. J. LWris (April 4). -t--,pan tj find fly egFs i.-- r 3
Orl AZril 4,'at T&f av,--1tt, Thcro i,:,, indication for
brood -.qd unl; ss parasites bocL- conspicuous ti-lere vvill b,2 a bic- fL1brood. are advising a rains pl- ntinr- sTring, *,,.h : at and not recommending th-, plc,,,;ing under of inf 3sted wheat --,xc.2rt in hopeless cazas.
-,-Zs
,7heat genorr 1,7 xint. ,rc d in finD ocnditicn Fx.a ev- mcro or
heavily inf ,,st-,dq -,rith th L late -,-,rave of fly last F&Ilt T ..--t on
f ertil i zed ground tillered ,ve--,! and has out-:;- lvn t' Injury.

fly
f F a LA z 4'- W 0 goi i 3,: n J.. T Il
c,-:l1snt Crowing c0n- ition however and 1-as tooled out ccnsi--1 -,rably, S, LD -1 i
that in spiet o-F' the fly s--erns to be a Lruch better prospect 'L,-,r th-,-,
Wh,Iat than at this time in lC20,;'
Ohio. Extension News Lett 111 'n fields sc= Cctc .,er 7.
(IMarch Z5'). "Some fl,7
Theat cCwn mid-- ie of in C, ntral part of "C'est. 7ev anrly
sown fields, all such fields 51-)' to, in2--,s, -:. -puprl+ Aon -prior, to
17.

H. A. Gossard (i*+7ril. 9). 'Tr, m last y ,,ars cbserw-Aions we are ex;:ectirg
considerable dar-age by Hessian Fly this season, --.cst of the bro ,
derived from flies ',vnich issued about the nid tle of 0ctvo'c,3r rwer 111 -rartz
of the State. Dec, us--, of our well orj anizod extension el"forts in -,'-ne
early fall, all whe,-,t seeding ,*v-s de'laved urtil ti-t last few d.-.-17s cf
Se'Pt,"mber or thefirst of Octol)er in northern 0',dc and unt-11 th -. 11'It'n cf
October Of towards t..c middl- in south llrn 0*.,io. It is in northern Ohio that ive, expect sc: i(. -F'i,
Z-,,ach les tjj .7 stato will C"Iffor
a,= r li so if

T
H. Swenk, (Ar.r ih I er n -res nt 4n sub-nornial nuT 'n
since the hea-r- cutbr=al: of 1914-lc ll-). L-i 'Fall of soz,-0 I nc r
IT-Mbers in southern Nt: bras-L:a, of T e ma h,- 'r,,,
- 4 -t, and










2 '13

E A C H

BLACK PEiXii API;ID

Dav i s e ic s
at Vitc'-_o] l,

UT '. H. T a e 2
SO" I ,C- 7rec- S a t S a i n t e 2 i t o ol.,_ n t, 7.

TC 'r-19 Black reach aphis
rrr-inola). ice of llatc: a-1 c r -C t t'- i 5 S
,eCiCS jS .,.,orc "re
ist. la, ,
b,,v lldalia bimnctatq v;as o L) s e i v c,-', t t 1: 1 t i 3


A.Li L ,-",-71-thecon e-'tiosq
I-IT I' "ILI L
S 1 16).
tion o-,' t'le S i -r, S C t
--js v e: i t 7 S- S"
-_,es-,-_3,ts in bcre: _ea






P1,171 CU7(" UL1O tr"l
Ci'F'OLI'_;.h. T r i,.' 51 e c- 9 i t 14- o" the sea- Cj- ob,er to a4 le;
of + S tree
lerl aboi7 t bc tl, -,--a s t -1 S, 3
been si-.,,ce ist

G'L'ILPE L:], F YH7i-.E L]R
'.il 7 1 C'-_ J-5 -r --i t v -. e -,,-a r d s C cvn
a ro %vi 4an littl, ,, -OILol"t 12
a- re no-:: rcv,: S C) t',-e vi.
CO-L_-V-L1-_eC. that t',,_G 1 C", I. c, L- tc cc, trcl "_C e le ;S to rol-C L7- al'L sulel- %:_11 CC,_:i cc t-e Lo
n: t e a s -,r 0- e a to

le C C C C, c c i a u C s i t 1: 1 v e t i,
,dv_ s t' t t' t
ry, C'
usual ab-.md.,,--.cC- in i to 1- -








OUTSTANDING ENTOMOLOGICAL FUMM (F MARCH AND APRIL

1 9 2./


The most serious situation reported during the past two months is the widespread and severe infestation by Chinch Bug in the Central Mississippi Valley Regiun, starting in northern Texas and extending in a northeasterly direction over Oklahoma,Kansas, and Missouri, touching Nebraska and extending across Illinois and Indiana into Michigan.

The Hessian Fly situation is reported as serious in Indiana, Ohio, and Missouri, about normal in Illinois and Nebraska and slight in Kansas/.

A serious Green Bug outbreak started early in the spring in Texas, Oklah~m%,Kansas and Missouri, but parasites and adverse weather conditions reduced the infestation to such an extent that the most recent advices report the wheat out of further danger/.

A very extensive Jointworm outbreak is eminent in Missouri. If favora4le conditions prenail enough Jointworm adults will emerge for the second brood to completely destroy the crop in certain sections/.

The worst infestation of alfalfa by Pea Aphid in the history of the State is reported from Mk.ahoma. The situation is also very serious in Kansas and is much worse than usual in Missouri and Illinois.

Clover Leaf Weevil is decidedly on the increase in destructiveness in Illinois,Indiana and Missouri and this pest in conjunction with the Lesser Vlover Leaf Weevil and the Clover Root Corculio, sometimes accompanied with a fungus disease is becoming so serious in parts of Ohio that alsike and sweet clover are being substituted for red clovar,it being impossible to grow the latter evop successfully.

A bad outbreak of the Fruit Tree Leaf Roller in the Bitter Root Valley of Montana; Pear Psylla reported as decidedly more serious than last year in the fruit growing sections of New York and a general increase of Grape Leaf Hopper in the Great Lakes grape growir g region of Michigan are thd outstanding features reported on Fruit Insect Pests.

A very severe outbreak of Seed Corn Maggot accompanied by a Fusarium rot in seed potatoes is prevalent along the south central Atlantic seabord extending from North Carolina to the Eastern Shore of Maryland and practically covering the important early potato regions of these States.

The Mexican Bean Beetle situation, which developed to such a serious extent in Alabama last year, now tlireatens Georgia and Tennessee. A very high percentage of the fall brood of beetles having sucessfully passed the winter.













AIPLE RED BUG (HeteroggK Lj]-jIs

P. J. Parrott. ril 11 C-x-si ,crL.,ble iiijur- is one orc, _-reat CEI-s Ij'or-ne-,s to the ic,-ives, of ter ni aj by scco-nd irlThi s is cvr3r
the a-nd pink iJL11 rot 'oe obs 3_ovef u,-,itil
19t1i or 2'-'-h. jiZ-irc, b, o-:L,
ml ,,e S t2 t i On -r o L).II(fs a t C 3-,_CVL, t 11C sc," s oil i S
a 10 C_ of last

d, (jir i-il Onoii&a a 'o cait, C i r s t -'s 0 0
solved.
(1"_ f," i
i cl s t n ".r.1 1 S 1 0, ,X.f
J6 L. I.- L:'.e:2 Cc),Lmt ,-.
?Iong the rive]:. ")O no
in second sta,ge .
zt 11--:nT- hs foul-.Z. 1. -ii 19t, 011
rc;ve- a 1 fa a:_-,IS ar, t',

3 0 co --a r S a c 1-1 ;n f 0 1U a ra

VX S T V I RG I N IJ, C 1 1,' 1 --- i n :'_ t-, 4.s Lsect frequent!-., iiear
00"mt-. It- Co( -s seri -)."a,3
in a-.. lc, or-ha-Cs.

TARI,_ !SEED PT,,, NT BUG
-LT:

NE71"I YOFE. P. J. Parrot-I-,, 6).
:,e 0--la rc ob,3erveL on a--- 'ie bccs -t

-i-1 16). 7i o C; o 7_,- Eev,.-r, 7_ cbs .,,,ved o--,i


v
.L PTJL R "'La "a c, a).

01
r
1 n.I _arc at

1TORT-H CAROLLIh.
r .y
I'irst 0:
c L a I., L, I C t o C. iz ve -]at c c d o-,, t

7 7 j 4
1,31, 7 , '7. ; - t t v 11 C

T
L t
"IC c
c 0
c ,;m













C OTT ON INSE~CTS.

COTOJ11 BOLL WEIEVIL (Arnthonomus grandis)


JIORiT CAROLINA,. Exftension 117News Letter 060ri i) "h1as been fotrnd 65 -Iiles from
southern~ border of State.?I

20U'PN CAllOL12TA Ext:ension 17evis Letter (11arch- 30) "'.'inter has been very mild and the boll weevil has been inore or less active throughout the winter. -Hain efforts at extension tcr1- tis season will be i~soiin& of this insect."

~LXJ3.E. E. School (April 16). "::-r. H. J. Rien--hard of the Division of
Entomology of the Sx>rr7et~tatian rep-orted catching a boll weevil in flic,',t Arl15 at College Station, Texas. The past
winter has been, ver~ mild ard it is lizel>' that a much larger 'Drcntg than -,, ~t~~ h t-he wi:tAer season."1





CODMING 1OTH VCydia pomornella) .

VIRGIVMA. L. A Stea:?ns. 0 eril 4. ,)eveloent of this insect is backward this season in tho rorthiern part of t6-he State. Only 25/0 of2 t:-e lcrvze have Dte.so far,

C:R: ARoL7::lA Eitens ion ': evs Letter (M.'arch 30). Cluster bud spray being 'A, lied M-arch 17

ILLINOIS. S. C. Chandler. (A.pril 14). First adult emerged on this date
at Carbondale, Illinois. Urbana
~'. I. 2lin (pril 16). :':ild v4intcr at/hazs been very favorable to hibernatin g larwrae; 2Uj of th~vr:2trfglarvae riad rupated by 11pril 15.
L::ersio MwsLetter tha,-rch JO0). 0Clus-t-er, bud srybeing ~ plieC-7 in.- southern fart of 'sAate.

A RJUNSAS. J. 3-erg. (Ap1ril 12). M',oths began to emer, today.
UTH.V i.Tainner. 11,-p il 1)., Sot,, Jerg, *a sTbin9to County*
Pirst a,-;i;,earance of adults.










NORTH Franklin Sherman (March 13) First adults of the season observed today
CAROLINA The weather has been abnormally warm since March 1. They are quite
abundantgregarious and mating.

SOUTH
DAKOTA H.C.Severin (April 8).Winter exceptionally mild and, spring very
warm 6 The H-arlequin cabbage bug was abundant and destructive
last yea" and is expected to-be~ more serious,this year.

ARKANSAS W.J.Baerg (March 24) First adults : observed at Fayetteville.


"'CABBAGE APHIDr ..(Ahis brksaicae) ,

NORTH Franklin Sherman (Late..March: & early April) Complaints indicate
CAROLINA that the insect is quite.abundant,but probably not more so'than
usual for this season.


CABBAGE WORM (Pontia rarae)

WEST
VIRGINIA L.M.Peairs (March 25) First adult seen on the wing at Morgantown.

NORTH
CAROLINA C.S.Brimley (March 15) First adult of the.season seen on March
S1 had become common by Marchl5.'


MISCELLANEOUS CAB3BAGE- INSECTS.

Cabbage maggot (Phoroia rassicae)

N~W YORK H.C.Huckett (April 16) Nassau county. Eggs first found April 12
and maggots April 14. First fly observed April 7.

illipedes.

NEFV YORK H.C.Huckett (April 16) Nassau Co. Numerous among the stumps of
cabbage grown for seed.

Mole Cricke't (Scanteriscus didactylus)

ALABAMA W.C.Vail (March 26) This pest is ibcrbasing in seriousness. It
seems to be worse on heavy moist -soils but is common on well drained uplands. Damage was serious in the fall of 1920. Is
already active this March.











II SECT PEST SU'VLV Y2



VOL, .My-~T.1


C F TE~ 7,' F G ~ nP P T~ ST 7 T S3

VVI EA T

CH T 1,"F 1 ju CTisi -:7 1 r :iz

Michigan. R. 'H. Pettit, (T>arch l'5.), "C-1iin bu; -ove gr-au:1 b ~o OT
in the lower tier cf counties Yn-xt to Oh.io an,' Indi:_ra. '71e r
open winter has shown thes,= to 't)- qvte ::r or hirsuso
nmllen leaves and sim-ilar -laaets, 7De have been. for-t-nato 4n the 'ast
in having been almost free fr~om serious chinch bug, attac'-ks boute:io
to have tWo deL". ,1,ith thenm diirirg the co-ng season."

Illinois. Extnsion News Letters. Issued by thL-e Extension no OS(Lah
30,). "Dan3age exoected in fifty counties; severe in th-ir-Qy. 7 r t er e
exc*e-ptionally well. .A few bugs flew .on March 19 and 22 in Snr
part of State. Resistant strains* of corn will be anrlyaon~
infested area."

W. P. Fli-.n t, (Apr il 16) "1The mild .,inter has 'been aorbetohianating bugs. The insect is abundant over a great.'er are--a in One3 State
than any time since 1887. Da mages expected Ln f: oniesv
in 30. A f ew bugs fl1ew into the wheat o n -0rc 1e ani eJ oer ao
flights have occurred on. several da-s 3in e, Not, ::or th a I f 0 F
the bugs are now in the wheat."

ITndiana. J. J. Davis, (-April '15). '"Chinh 'bu~ was not report ed by, Correispondients to the-- Experimen~t Station in the yea 197 uie mre
damage in 10918, more than twice as 7-am in 1019, 'and 7nore'- t-han f o'er times as nany in 192C. Fortv-six con i-inda~ ar.e --Lfe t ed,
one-third of which might bc cons idD'-ye5 as dang-erouaslv infestred.
infestation becins at tha_ extreme northeast rn corner of the State m moves in a diagonal stri-p thr-ough thc Stata e, era countries wiveo th
heaviest infested, counties in then'rlaatr ae t-ve)r
tier of counties. T2he central 7 -rt cof7 the 3ta :, -;- >-sc henV47- e
ted and the nortir!7est' and soutn -,sr corners :-re osetie Ir~
of bugs. The--re is every indic tlon tha,-t the chinch bu ':ill' b-- a seious a-nd imp-ortant pes thi y' 7es eosvr ndsiee i;~
for many years.",

Ohio. H. A,. Gossa-rd, (:rl9), 3, enreis sasio i n nvze.U r :11 '
xvere not, as rLany last y;ear_ a .- and 1119 exriec z

Nebraska. Myron H. Swenk, (.A-ri'l 15,). "In 1,220 there was sowme daeei.- of z.
ious sort to wheat and co.rn in. the Southern parts ,,f >&osn
yer counties. They wintered in rather large r nuc.be-r7s the-n vrae Southern Thayer County and probably west to FrarX In Cee-ntj 'i.












infestau t occurring-:orily in :the
!low-Ove.:7, I-, a s be,: oiLe ra t?le-f cur2s cnd L iC 0171PI S ware 'shalterl4d
'.n- r ? nevi ouc y 'hur e r ous ror. the ,o r
enough- to C"f Such catchess
ran-, ff--oo t- o Ya,. Io an C--ci-e or ,-of in s-,* ze. P t C hesof the
1att ,,r size were r -,re however, havi-ng Ibeen obsar-ed in -places in- .*,
Cf- -U-nty. the Iar--, adults of. Coc-Cine"lids
rd ap, aretitly doing efficient.work. Verg ew
r ar a s e s, seen.""
-:cstern Jasper County, Mo. i iih- n, bi r. v, s In
all caz::: 's tt, stand still, just as it is t u-nc-a.c,,h.aut tvhe infeste-d-' areas in K--nsas and Oki ahor, a. Judaling 'frcm the nnuzber of
-oL-,rasites we are, ettilig -L"'rom the. material collected at IndeFendence and CCDarbus, thi: condition of kffadrs is largely clue to parasites.'

J._5aerg (TVarch 7) "Fir s "I r eco-. do ic e at, Fayet t es,,ril Ie. '11-thcl ently been ideal
ef --il 18). IIC-md- .tions have ampar
f 0 r 'I f Ln T'-.c lat-b-Pr -art of
a,'id mo, Average tetmerat-l-re '01 "he, ror 2, high;' there hav Liag
be, n v ry

of north T&xas ii-, that
all of these. i-.rC, I-elds 0.", v-c,,J J-nteer
frcrr which they tj I f"el(Is
grain 7. :-Ic-m,
of s oA a I o 2 1
to be in Gra7-:-ri, -t- -n "l-d C.'--,- C ho i r",e s t
e s altho-, Zb
ation bot.,i 7a-st and w, e t CroParasites %,ere pres rt i n rs as e as 2 br-tiary
but these have increase( in S d-) Tv"
re destroyed arid these ,r;ere ,n7,;: r -ard rr-tL -I-Ccc 0 "("r Crnos.
A campai-n. will be -put on th-'s c--)L..,ng to kee dovm a.L! voiunteer grain.

H. G,-- -Io, (7c-, r 7 h 21) Par as- i t e s ar P a-)I--, ar e 1 v' the s 4 fi ld- and the ea..-Lie5t z
ol F -i e d 'ce r,,,)L, j. z e
J' 7 C, o:; -,)-rred on
7
n a
f 0 -an i t 'J w ;i"I distribu, d ovor the CoCLIIr ---











The destruction is apparently brought about by two agencies: the Seed corn maggot and Fuarium s. In certain cases the animal
and plant parasites act singly and independently, in others they work together,making exact determination of the cause of trouble impossible. It appears that insect injury is predominant on the
mainland while fungus rot is the outstanding feature on the peninsula.
On examination of a considerable number of hills clear cases
of maggot injury could be seen.
SHigh tempratures with low rainfall at planting time, soil type
and drainage,storage and handling of the seed, and method of
fertilized application,also seemed to be secondary limiting factors to the extend of damage in individual cases in this
region.

W.H.White (B.E.April 21) The failure of the potatoes to germinate in'a normal manner in some of the fields in the vicinity
of Norfolk,Virginia,was due,in the writer's opinion, to the attack
of maggots in some instances and to a fungus disease in others.
In cases where the potatoes germinated'but made a very slow growth and produced unhealthy plants,it was due to the attack of the
maggot,in many instances accompanied by rot,but in cases where the potatoes failed to germinate,fungus .rot was always present,
It would be impossible io estimate the damage caused by either
.of these agenciecsbecause a large percentage of the seed pieces
after being attacked. germinated and the plants developed,but
with much less vigor than under normal conditions and it is not
possible that these plants "will produce a full crop.
During the warm weather of Marci) the adult of the Seed-corn maggot
was very active and the flies were attracted to the potato fields by the decaying organic matter in the form of organic fertilizers
such as fish scrap,tankage and dried blood. The plowing under of
kale was laso an attraction for the flies, as maggots of this
species were usually abundant in such fields. Where uncut potatoes
were examined they did not show any indication of either fungus
or maggot injury.
MARYLAND E.N.Cory (April 23) Received specimens from Hurlock with the
following communication; Under seporate cover I am sending you
a few pieces ofmpotatoes I planted several weeks ago and I find
that they are full of little worms which I am sure you will notice.
They were planted on land on which crimson clover was turned
under and the seed is home grown. I also planted some northern
seed which does not show any rot."







'1 7




t 4 i 4) lcr ,'va. C- I-) 7.C S
a I (-r3seus). o:: 3 sI*_b-* on a bud in c sco.

P. D Dc I,- e -r t i 1 16 Coont,;, e v e r', I o b 0 c 64
a rulp, hl-) wvcr, one has to hunt. to fInd onc o-L' t_"ci.- 1- L,.,-"
it of sp-L-eOL ovL :i '.-rds.

'J". -:ivontmrg. Jq)ril 9). colizibia -.ct neai-!,r so
ab un Lant as previous to tl-)e colc', o-I" -_I".rch L

hT. J. Fitch. (ji pr i 1 11 1 )O 15 ros-,
vare p,.-es; nt.

i lc)) c t m -n

D. C. Vc (Ii -! )r i .1 16 '\_" ,u-aty. Ve:,- fev c ii be fcune _.

L. C. 16 County. S c,-,. r c e .

C -.7
Z I L L oll'I 15). 'ouzit- lot az as

SCaj Ce OrC I

D. D. L -o i J I i2'. a U 0 -'T-'C 0-1- a fov., ,,oted.
Held in c'iec! : b-,T a, d c





MISCEILA-_-ECUS



I E YORK. D. D. ".,'Ord. (April 23). Onond!7" 'a County. Cmj- a
held in c1oeck bv rciny and- cold weatht'_ '26

'Eri somq I-inir,era.
UTA11. W. Tar-nor. 7 c r c h 15 ,kxtive sir,-' e --L,,ch
dana-e at St. Geor.-e,

A hid ido e
11,1ASS.AlCHTUSETTS. V. L. BLker. (A )r i 1 4 dL nt than 17 -7 r
: ahlwi:'_s ex--! -' r:" 11 C' unse, sonabl%, ca Z, .7!.

c MI-IT-EC T 11C Uri E. 3tritton' i.1
hl t c'I c d an n 2 o
Nov" 11-lca-lv 1-:-, f 7 l2- J_ ac a-,
piob2bl, res,:,,- sLn" bEc-y r o!,J
f_"

O-LT 10 H A 2. s s r al a LI
-L Ierc Were fe'cer C-_' "'7 fall than fol t' -e sc-"so-Is W, 1:














R; S7a!',TR--',vL BYTICRUS unicolj- Say
Yo:il .
7 The first beetle iva., fc ;-n,' toCav. TIi,- a in this section
ard extensive cortr6l be -put in operation at
once.
(April ZZ). TIie beetles are coming out in considerable numbers.

'P"ID ri.bis L.
1:1 T
41 -1 21). Yevily hatched n mphs common at
va.

.1: T"P 7 r I TT n Tj (,.r n n
-!,;iT Tf7 x J-), ,,-i S op.
DE: AVJ'&El. Ce i ovipositing today.
a Tne veat-ner is wanrn an( bright. Observation a c

v IIRGLTL 17). j vr7
'I mi'd early spring ivith in numbers. EvItirely stri.
pin- Y


P TC7) 1'
J is much more numerous
1, Oj Lo bo oii t'-,e increase at !,Tontii-,por-ed as doLag considerable all Gv, 4ZI


F T
rc caused considerable
tC,
mucil more numerous
--L ; we, e
I cv( r


F L 7- D '
a of the first brood noticed on
a' 20 or 30 days earlier than jac- 'i e wani 'weather.

RUST -111T'; -,',
FL CIR 1DA J,.'' n !T t reems to be more aburl
dant th.is r.cn"*Uh t 17, n
lazt. 15 o,- 20 c .a s E. ?rliez-




. ........... .






I N 2 R 'O D U 0 0 1L


adv-.-.-.,ce in st t,:,,-i
years ha.s necess,7xilif- o-"
this branch* of sci'oi-itifio 0: -x 0- lons i';"O 'S voy
ry at,* On i"J* -ihas boca:i(IIiIeceS2a i ."1_1.1 : Oc'_nation, scLsoij r:zjC. of Obw-ic!Ehco
VIC. athe: C, : I
I S ol to 0and I C,_, ".at ii coranJ. "'C
rolatini i-k-,,, ,rarimz- f ,ct VLI
n av .Al! ,, le forn for tl-_ i inoCilatc uoc of nlllecorLo. dc t o:__o
-.mizers

Ble Bureau. Of" of the un ted Stetes De-'Dart"'Ient of
it' S t V 1 _, I L,
;,,ricultireq in coo on v7 h the
-' )10, Aat_- O-C I]27DOrimcnt S t t D rUf Collercsj a-_.,C_ 6t'ior Ontcr.,olo1-I n ct'_Pest 3.=:Oy.

The. burvo;r to' issue 2,: O,-itIlly DUT110tin o,.,i cz,--rclat insect
co&dtirris throl ehout the comtry. Inctdtddition to 'thi:3
licZtion it idll attorr)t to -mblish S-ie ic.l TIO-iorts of i --,to
int e s t on outbre,..-I's o-.* !z. :,.o're serious ._natliro, 1111,ese s--)eci&l
i:e-L)o ts %,;ill be sent aut if -posbible the e,.a;y follovdiig Uhat U o
aicil t_., ingotmation is iecei -C Lnd. -ill oIl'y 7)e sent to the
tat_3 iat1v conccr,,.ioC_ in th,)
'.ILe-,)o2ts e
v L '1-1_3 Ro-)orU'-s. will
'A Ba' 1 a tin Ior -,-qae, -i. Voj y io
are t 0 b o roi)o: ted by 'o-ur Coilalom, .ors 1,77 I.;irc eaid- a Talef-rajhic
Ehiergency Re-,. ort will. -be issuc-d .%:, .ien occ asion Cla,;i nds,

Each year an animal Jigest of t-ho in-)ortanIt. facts gathered Crarin,!,
the past seasonVill be-piablished i--,l the form of lnsr ct I-cot
Sumarie0s; a se.porat6 smL-.ary to cover t2h.e joests of 'ca67i of 'the
najor group of croi)s, In Vlao Srurannarics will beg viie-a possible
nqps of the distri ut ion -o-12' outbreaks coi- .jj,-,,arim,,,- tl10.30 With pro rious mitbroaks,, cq__ ,.latod
.gra .is, tL.-.)ulatcd' statisticS ol- losses occasionea b- insectSI,
seasonal bimJan6e curves$ otc. v,;'.1ich will serve as a basis for
approachimg a-Lay economic problem %7i th a i-mch clea_-er bil"O'.
than is -)O- !317 le -Ath this information sc -tomd throug-"! tale
public., o- the many :.iitomolop r, I -f 0
of the i:'Cmnological vior"l-ersthroughor'u Country.










Co~r~a nd w .of Iiov -ID 7c Fi, ld examinations this spring
~a20;n af ficiert e 'L 6 1bLy iienace tho winter whe at in
-iL 7~,i co-.itions betVeen rnow and then rem. ain highly faIrs~s Lx -- >;3 1:r,(arhC '-xseeJds c-qntained -pupae almost
r:-;; <:2o >, hca;:r-z >.jrcr dry and warm, Have e cr I., I jo re s ta,i o n o',-r La---t e 2n t.wo thI r do o f th'ae S t a e

ZISoui __L ri 6) "Fo-irnd or.?D feE-ale Hessiarj. fly in flight,
-;nr.r'~~e but ir nearly ev ery f eld in St Louis County."

'~, 'Ce H~sia. :y was most abundant last fall es3 out-heas --ern -cart of the State--, r.owever, it was also very ~LI eo;;wrtof-he Sate _s 7,ell as in the south wNest and
2: :~zc. Sc~cof the early seeded wheat in these
rww4' s. t~i to oC nrfsai In thc so7;-+hern counties the pest

-- *' .~ ~.. ~ r'15 an~d & fel; adults emerged from Fia_th, r.e- r on. 7rch 12. Just wh-at effect
:2> 'or. th ps'!a or adult stages,
Ti2 ?T:-'o2Qr2 4 the3 field, I have not yet
-. -* -.. m :my localities and fields
0... tc t-- ,:_ c :- c from the spring brood
"I ~ w~c > :~~;7a 1 :zary farmr.ers plowed it uri('1 > U-zes~suzar rs stiVole early
1: ~ i~w u7:C~ eoadrg was u-_,iorturia ely




-~w5a.:~x~.>n x~'i u' ~ 1d ~ -ai oire and Sa-unders

:72 w .i~iici'7 -or in 11'2'. There seers



-.u -.c __a 3000id ~tthat time by




17) i-ofted nu -bers. --.r. Hc f--an is in


a-7, U.s c- o n t gcas -r y and Co,7Ley Counties.












False Wire Worm. (Eleodes opaca).
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk, (March 15). "The first report of injury received from
Kimball County, A .few fields baying been badly killed out by this
insect.

Tarnished Plant Bug. (Lyvus pratensis)
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (1prdh 15). "Observed in very large numbers in wheat
fields in Sherman County during March, apparently did no appreciable
injur ."

Leaf-hopper. 4Agallia sanguinolenta)
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (April 15). "Occurred in large numbers in wheat, both last
fall and this ^spring, in a few cases apparently injuring fields a7p.reciably."

Peaomyia cereais.
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk. (April 9). "Report of injury to wheat by this insect was
brought to our notice."

ALFAFA AND CLOVER

PEA APHIS (Macrosithum pisi L.)

Maryland. E. N. Corey, (April 14). "Much more abundant than usual at College
Park but doing no appreciable damage. Potential damage to peas more
serious."

Illinois. W. P. Flint, (March 23). "1vuch more abundant than average year in
southern part of State. Few are diseased with hopusa aphidis. Up to
this date damage has been very slight."

ansas. S. J. Hunter, (March 17). "Cowley and Montgoaery Counties seriously
infested. Specimens determined by Dr. C.P.Gillet and Professor J.J.
Davis."

P. B. Lawson, (March 18 to 25). "Montgomery, Tilson and Cherokee
counties, ruch more serious than average y.ear. Young alfalfa frequent-killed, old alfalfa seriously da-raged. Since March 24, Bmousa aphidis
has been observed attackihg these aphids, a very serious infestation.
The air some days filled with aphids."

Geo. A. Dean, (March 18). "During the last week we have received
axny reports of severe injury to alfalfa by the pea iphis. The seven or eight counties reporting the most serious injury in the










31


Pea ap.

LOUISIANA T, li, Jones "Anril 13) 'i".ery mild wi-nter and early spring, less rain
fall than uskial.. Causin:- severe dar.,,age 'to veaetrtbics this spring
at Batcn Rouge,

Green reach anhid r z

LOUISIANA- T.H.Jor.cc kpril 13 Causing cc-N..erc ; d znage to vegetable th-is spring.

13-ri-ped cu-umt3r bee-k-,I.e kPiabrotic,q. vittata,

FLORIDA HC.Ai-tis (Anril. 51 Th-re vias a, of this insect in
Vne .ri 1" v. 1C20. cres f c u e r s v; e r e
desi-royed. The outbreak was cheeked by prayingg with arsen-tte of lead.



FLORIDA J.A,(,.,iqff_,n 201N, Thio, mealy bv. is recorded as attacking
avacarlo t-mato a-nd sweet, o;i Dry TorL:Agas 'sland. It has
not been folAnd on the of ,-as Probably introduced to t-he is..and frcm t ,o V, est. ind;es,

Fall army v,orm Laph,,F n-_t f : iAgirer. a)

FLORIDA GFB-Ar:i,,,n ten a:-res o' ,,mat-es
in one fie'IJ Lo s -r tne of
Boynton. 5,5 of t0he p 1 a i, t 3 z-' r e ac ly ,-ztrc- d, Thl's, si t h e
j
fist t-?-Ipe this Fast Y o3 been rotircd a4; this Ll;* (. e,)

Co-rt,)n aphid (Azl-ijs Z,
Fl; 0 Rl D A A.H.Beyor 'April lel) C,-,.- coi _n som
nr -isiderab*'e
of CU(;', mbers at- Gain. Nii2jc,

Onion thrips r. r 7, L_ _L

FLORIDA J.L.Lazonby (Arril 14) damaged 20 of -*-Ye onicn or,)- at Gainsville,,
More abundant "hl-.-.-i usual.












The infestation in Cowley County is ver-, slig'fit, nraoti _1Y a!' of th-'a
infestations are in fields rere nEs "-_-e n vclunte- Dr cats,
I -her with tl-e but
LysQPhlebus is present jDra--tic, .'1v ever! %. e U 4 -_ I
with few Qx,;eptions- they are n-- t -lentif'-U2. For the 1:,-st tc-- or three
davs the temperature has been too 'o,.,,- for -arz ,si tes o br,: ed of inzzre_ Se,
while during th last few d, _ys there has been heZ_-,, y ralns o,,nr the
greater -part of the infested are, ."

P. B. Lawson (*Iarch '18 to 25). "Serious dcraqe -as -.11---ady beer, d ne
in Montgomery and Cherokee Counties in fields ibere thc r- mas
volunteer oats. Upland f i --Ids s eca. t o be s ,-:r i ;uslv a Lvsephlebus testacerres and a ocnver_,ens NlE re present.
temperature has been war'm i.ip to '21 trier rain-,, and cold.

J. '7 '. VcColioch Upril 8) T .e grear bug ou- realr 4 s 4e e;- n7, thn
da, mage raryirc, froir. less than l-'-, In S=-_ fields to over 501].,
good rain with s-:)r-e hail was fatal to the zreen 1,uc in mary field.
Burning of the L.-Sested area and plowing under h&77 -rc, red
in control of this pest. Pohidilis testacei-ces,
and "lecrilla fusc-ilabrus ha re destro7-ed as hiL--h *-:-s 60 ,, to
aphids in some fields.

Oklahoma. C. E. Sanborn (1V1-.rch 16). llr reen bug not ne-.!-y --I.s sever,_- 's aur--&
1907. It is now bein ; brouEht under subie.:,tiian ".-: i-s parasites.
E. &_nborn (K-rch 2.). 110ccurr,;;; ft ir DenLcn Cc,1,-,rt7 T e7:%z r-2rhar-s
earlier than December although t1-__,t ;is *.he f 4 r-st rensrt
that I have. The infest 4tion has it is
at present in the southern toier of conntles in Lastern 7--risas. T'-, i e
infestation is generally present throug.qcut 3r 7-aho=Fs,., w_,st 7,rard as far
as Jackson County or. the south st an,-. G., _-, nt ','he
The infestation is similar to that ot e=ert t' iat d- rirz
the first four 7:,jeeks of 'March, the weather
for the' developr:.ent of Its par,_ .sites, Athidlul" te!7tal-ei-es,
parasite has disse- inated as far :d T'anf ::s. '._ unuzually
large number of lady-lbi rds es--pecially il" a Zwthrough the winter exce--)tionaI17,_ v,,0111 in t'n i s S -1 a Tilese -ave
a great advantage in the d3str-action of th- 5zreen b-. s.

Missouri-J. R. Horton (B. E. April 7). 11P Drs, -,ral ly I lns] ectc d Tul sa and
Counties, and v;--nt over Tulsa Cc--,r.t-r Courtv ent
carefully, finding a a ny f i -_ 1 d z i z d ez a -ne
same seerns to be in Noble, LcZan ar.", col.Y ties. The











j7e ,-s Letter (:4arch 30) "Som. damage expected.,"

Ill inois- P. Fl1ht r-il 16) 'V.dult- male, was taken March 26 and every
night thereof ter -at Urtana. First gravid. fz rrald taken April 4.

n S'- S Extension News Letter 30) daza _-e to Villeat in southern
aff ect 4 -)Fel.v used aga' nst them,
P %rt cf the State-. Poison balt 'is 'b'ei.nF I W_ L

re X, F. Schcll ( ,rril "On ,arch 14, a nuz.ber of noctuid larvae
were sent in frc -_- Crosby Colant7% In north-vest Texas they were rer=te by R.-E. Kar-cer ,-Sii erintendent of Substation No. 8, loCL ted a'. Lu soc"Y.- doin- considerable darraoe to ycian ,,,hea.t in a
plac- s -1n Crosby County. In one "place pr _ctic&lly all the
,rfheat in a ten-acre field had been z3atan to the _ro,,.ind. On April
5 K.,,r-per re7 orted that the outbreak 17ad not beccrre serious as
a -enerai pru:,osi- ion but that some indi-vidtal farmers suffered
c
r, e a V77 Ca L e

PITL

Hansas, 17 r.- c ini: c r.3 i I ar
_, trrc tc kvho,_t in StfifforkI CCAMLV.





Kansas. thr, -. 7e havo b?5qn raar; iv-'rig L fu y repcrtq frcm sout-1), co-It-1-11 cc-ant*Aes Ge
wheat arki alfalfa,, C,:Lrg to TAL.Ic weaa-lier tri_ y. a poarad two or th--ee wce*ks earlier this sca,; on tlian j.n pasz ye ,,rs. In some cases
they were distr-.-bat.c,,d ovei, the Er_-, Jer --)art,. of the fields, while in tht y more nu.-iicrous al:Dnc- the edg( of wheat fields zadboining r-&-sti-a-c3


Ckllaho=a. E. (7_T Co-,_1sJr1er :b1e dal-Laue has been done this
sPrinz, ev&n as e,:,r*!.y as JLn-,7ar-, .7 I by a worm wnich I took to be' a granulated cutwo-n-, da7oage bein,-, similar to army ixorm aaaage. The. ii,41n
brood is roiv _n til : ,p-_,jpa7 SL
Vag3.,

Ne 7.r t 0 &,e s
.Kanzas. G a c A, e an (!Oia r c h 10 C h s Ccun-11-Y Farm P.gent has sent of
a-lal'I 'a rootz inj -;red a:o-oarently by Nu7a1Codes. 77e a r e unable to find Ne-Iatodez -p-reze-t, but t'-le roos are. ful,! of litt' e- long burrows. In T' -Colloch and foa.id large mzbers, cfNematodes,
prof ent in and J're: nwood co,.;_nties. Some fields have' bleen aimo'sit
co=oletely killai*









-2

eve nt o f a rT s-pring some:, in-p;r is looked "or in this small. area
but not elsc-here.

Kansas. Geo. A. Deran 1Iac 9,"he mil-1d ryr v_-nter has been very favorable f or cr L.ich 'buj ir~toe those in poor winter quaarters
came -1-1,~g Fn ,oo1, shee. K'c esen; idir ,tians the, itectation will b_- Lcre severe in theC southeas :ern counties. 'i Fall -a
lar-e n-abcr oL counties were well &t~anized for burtbg c pqaig s but rFin and sircw interfered with most of this workt, hoeeInls~
counties cons .lc'rable burning was done. VTb are expecting Cnior
in~uzry ov~r the entire eastern third of the State."

Extension' 72jvs Letter, (March 30). 11Bugs had left winter ql.yarters
or to March 18, and were in the w~heat. Expect hea y 4:nf stZatunA. 7~
terad well."

J. 7,. McCollotih, (April 8), "In Montgron.ery -co-untv chinc~h bug is or -G'-increase. MYigration of bugs from w.vinter quaart~rs ha-ve- 'takor -'Iace and
the fields are alive with them. KMating is tA ,n Iace -arid ra-gs w~ill
soon be present,"
:Vlissouri. F. Satter:h,ait(.. er1),St Louis Cout-nty Fa.rm Bureau
reported that mr-tsses of livJ Iri.ao chinch bvgs wre en found on corn
stalks in the f ielda.- .d tha.t the bn rer-z nnixng e)ver the --round, to,,' growing wheat. Onr. etiai~ thne 1m-ttu ho.fbu.nd chinch bu.gs pr'es-,,o
e nt a s re7: or t ed, e~c~n n t T k lZ, .-E ThS rigs .vare Ungfrom
corn f ields whe-(e the h:_3:1~ i _l Fece- on g- gouv, and had scattered to 'he ne;h::. f>: eebus 3e' f oujd as much as
half an inali bJ :, he ,, c of the 'toil on the w&heat, Btigs were
present also ne r t _- e s h- e L at,2.cao% onn fleld. and w:ere present
in the pithy portions.,of the corn stalks' rcaoz-e from li-;iFg vegetation."

A. F. Satterthwait, (March 28). "Chinch bugs 4 re to b,3 fourd in Pra.ctically, every wheat field in the rive' bottoms about Gum~bo and Che'sterL. Haseman, (April 7). "Th is pest passed. the m'ld winter in great
dance in various types of shelter In Scott Co n~y t"Nvo wk ago Y'
Burrill found chinch bugs abundant in dry..r o~ r o
fence, rows. They have also been reported. ablun'- In t-*ac
pest is nost abundant in thle east c en t al-: and*- Z o u, 4 c% s
the State, though it is also trae-~~ ~t~
and south westernn parts of the Sta!-;e.. -11-r-_1-_e
ening numbers the recent two day-s of free"_-,r *~'v~i
have its effect on this and other es- VTintcr brigof harboring
places was handicar-Ped by, w -t rather in tearl-7 nart of the itr
but late In the winter very tr7-*_ou burr].na erwa carriecd. out in
the south east and west cent-ral S~t o~ h 2tat

Oklahoma. C.E. Sanborn ("larch 29). "This nes -1s ~j->to be nore serious than
for several years past. Th-e wati.,r 1L-,rec. l'n the) rvint ar was
,exceedingly -Lavorabla' for ibernation. Th e 1---c7 a.re b(uginning to infest the small grains at this t-ime, altho, rh "ho-,! have not much more
than st* tod to disseminate from tVhaei hientigia1tr.













COLORADO POTATO BEETLE (Lept ingtarsa, decim)in iata)

OHIO H.AGossard (April 9) W1inter has been very mild and the season
is two or three weeks ahead of normal. Potato beetles were scarce last year over most of the State. We think they will
not be conspicuous this season.

NORTH C.S.brimley (March 26) Abnormally warm since March 1. The first
CAROLINA adult seem in flight today at Raleigh.

LOUISIANA T.H.Jones (March 14) Winter unusually mild. Spring three or
four weeks earlier than. the last' fewr years. Eggs ',ere noticed
,i. outdoor cages on March 7 and in the field on March 14. In
.199egs we r first noted on March ;28.,in. t1he f ie1d.

LEAF FOOTED PLANT BUG (Lentoaolqsus phvllorus)

LOUISIANA T.H.Zones (M-arch 30) Adults damaging potatoes at Hammond.
They congregate,especually on the tips of -the growing shoots
and,through feeding on them, cause them to wilt and die.

GREEN'STINK BUG (Nearavi~dUla.

LOUISIANA T.H.Jones (March 19) This insect has been reported by County
Agent in Point Coupee Parish as injuring the crop of potatoes.
The adults congregate especially on-the tips of growing shoots
and through feeding on them cause them to wilt and die. A cluster of eggs were observed on above date. In 1917 eggs
were first noted in the field on April 13 at Baton Rouge.


CABBAGE,

HARLEQUIN CABBAGE BUG (ureantia histriorrca)

D. C. Office of Truck Insect Investigations,B.E. (April 1) Observations during the last week in March indicate that a very
high percentage of Harlequin cabbage bugs have sucessfully
passed the winter in the vicinity, of Washington. This
insect normally is. confined to the region south of Norfolk, Va. but during favorable years it has extended northward in
destructive numbers into New Jersey,Ohio,and has ever been
S found as far northas New York and New England.









-10

south central part of the State. This is the first time we have known
this insect to seriously injure- alfalfa although we have known it to
injure clover in three of -the eastern counties;, but even here thein,
jury was local. Some of the County Bureau men have reported fields of 20 to 40 acres badly infested and the Spring. growth withering add drying up. The aphis has appeared ruch earl er this season than arny
previous spring. Over Lost of the States where the injury is reported the fields are very/.dry and the lafalfa is not making 'nearly thegr6wth
it would if there were moisture in the ground."

J. W. MKdCulloch, (April 18). "The first crop being completely held back in many fields in Montgomery County, The,weather has been :.uite 'dry, with good rains a week ago. Hippodamia conyergans, Megilla fuscilabrus, and a fungcus disease working on this aphid, though the.nmber of insects iestroyed is low in most fields. In a few cases the fungua.is holding the aphis in check."

Geo. A. Dean (April 13). "In spite of the factthat lve have-been having
good rains for the past 7 or 10 days, alfalfa is making very little
growth. in many places the fie;ds are just as bare as they were in
winter. Of course the alfalfa was badly forzen on the 23 and 29 of
March. However, the fields would now be green if they were not so badly infested with the aphis. For more than two weeks the winged or what we usually call the migratory forms have been present, but have apparently Jemained right in the fields of:alfalfa. In fact we know
that they are reproducing here. Some of the winged forms have..migrated to Flants belonging to the mustard family and are reproducing
in m~ny of the fields. Coccinellids are becoming very abundant, and
in some.places the fungous disease is present."

Missouri.L. Haseman (April 7). "Pea aphis is doing some damage to red cover,
and complaints are beginning to come in."

Oklahoma.C. E. Sanborn (March 29). "Never in the history of Oklahoma has the
pea aphis been so destructive to alfalfa as is the case this spring.
Some specimens have been prevalent during the spring of the year, in
times past but it appears that the vivipoarous forms developed rapidly during the winter and as a result weie sufficiently numerous to seriously infest all alfalfa fields, especially the low lands where
they seem to have passed the winter most advantageously on account of the cover afforded by the late growing alfalfa which was killed
by the ftst and not removed as hay. Mear fields were so badly infested that they are being destroyed. The -npusa aphidis disease has
only lately begun to effect. them to any extent. Rains began about
the 20th of this month, until that time it appeared to be too dry for the disease to show signs of effectiveness although a little was prevalent."

Arkansas.W, J. Baerg, (March 19). "First appearance at Fayetteville."














22

"L nn. 'Apiil 16). ,onroe Co-Lu,.ty. h,- ,re been de,-osited
; few fli: s c--n now I e f o-mnd. "tl,,s fo- lmd in numbers. Ver U


6 r, om- i "rs4- e--,L-> found
--'i- st n'u--iphs obse-2ve(9. on 11. Ovi -,nsition ver,7 '-e'- vy in all -arjL.s of, tI'le co mity still incomplete.

D. D. 9). Onondaga Coutrit-7. E--s foia,.d in nui-nbers
oi-, pear trees "".-ie co-zaty.
(Y'-":--iL :1any eggs la:LC during t.--e I ast 10 days
since the cl-ster-bud sta,),r -.

j. Pa2rot. (Y.--,ril 15). C--Yitar-*Lo Cou-ity. I-I'xil-ensive oviposiul- -il a fewhibei nalaed
tior. in -he coiint-;. Eo e- s -,-et aiid oi
adults observed. for og];s -uJt*i lin e sulr'rur 1-8
I I
-r-Ctic:711",- co.: f'lete by r':i o -,essive

G S i t'- FIJes ane- e 3-,,s da-ogerOaslv all nr-:,Lrds.
e bel7rii111irc- to In tch' First
ny..a-.-h fc-i:,nI.I 'li',s "-.ave a'jor t all disap-ear: u* i 1 23 '-' -Inhs i",-- LI see Ond inst "Ir. not Plonti",L11 oo yet. 'V'(-r-,,, fe'., se ,.sun.

1, 7 ,, -' 1 G) Count.-. I----s I', irly ab-ana -,'I t
Ij a7nd ergs ve'ry numerous
V e na (D C)


7
Uiste : o u., F7j.e: a-D,,int- ,i-lt and
Wl ; I
first observed April 11. 2-_ S d, inabla:- a-t and thcir











EURO0PEAN GRAIN APHID (Rhoraliosirhm Pwki)

i ~ ~ PO yo~c'J. Parrot.t. (:*arch Z3). TYev.'ly hatched aphids appearing on
apple buds at Goeova,
'(Aril 4). '' Abuncbant on apple buds. 25%' sorbi. Ai. B. Bucliholz. (:Larch 251),; Jether very warm. Observed on
apples at G-ermnntowin, Coli.mbia Gounty.
D. B. M.-Yenburg0,, (April9). Coltarnbia County. Not nearly so
abundant as-previous to the cold of 7r.Srch 28,

D. Leonard. (flar'ch 25). Ith'aca, Oberved Um, apple.

0. R~. Crosby. (Iac 27. lu Pit. observed 'O appe

F. H. Tacy. (,!arch 27).(Ijarch 28.), Dutchess County. Very
numerous,

H. F. itch. ( 8)i 'E Javeiia. Scarce.
(Apl1:1.). Oai 100 bud:s there -were 11l green aphiO This is iro'xaby a m-':ture of L(mi and avenae. D. DX .~r (A-)ril~ 9). Grondaga County. LUany present. 1,fature
ate-m' mnothers noticed,'

A,D. Le on,,_rd. (Arjril 15). Catskill. Not uncommon in one unsprayed orchard. Scarce in orchardts about Catskill which have
beon regularly sp~rayed.

L 2 3~ih. (April1 9). Crlcars County* All tlnat had hatched
before T1'arch 27 we-e dstroyed by rain an. cold.

7%. C. Haramond. (iiprij 16). Orange -County. Not so abundant as
usual..
(Apil23). Aphid~z still semr to be scarce in


P. D. Ru~port. (Aprafl 8). .!~eCounty. Not abundant.

L.. C. Tyler.. (Ap1ril 16')., Genesee County, Scarce.

.D Vnn. (April 16'. 1,Tonroe County.. Very few can be found.

L. 1-. Wood ,w-rd. (Av-)ril 16'. C~hat~cjua County. Not abundant.






UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 3 1262 09244 5005














begins. Many of the mites will die v-ile migrating from one field to
ano the r."

California. V. L. Wildermuth (1mii9), "1 waz able to f ind what I think to be
this mite upon bur &ncio _,J 2fla on :-.y r anch at Te ape and on iiiany
isola ted patches of bur clover "'Iout Whore.

V. L. WNilderzuth (A pril 11). "'Found this irite at Holtville, El Centro
and Bx'atv The sanle fields were infested in 1914, and I find in some
ca ses to be infefoted this year. This is sgnif icant in seembing to indicate that we need, ztoi.expec t ary wides-pread da~ttucti=n of alfalfa
crop in either the Irperial Valley or the Yum~a Valley of Arizona."

Leaf -hopper (TjyrhLocvba jcq~e)
Illinois. WV. P. Fling : (April 1). "Somewhat serious outbreak reported from Hillsboro. The field of alfalfa re-ported daaged was adjoining tract of wood
land in which the sepcties had hibernated."

Clover root ~o (Sitonqh~p~a
Ohio. H, G ~ (~ 9). 1 "ilis insect and the lesser clover leaf weevil PL ~722~ ~. irstrTh r1 a furcgoius disease of red clover has becow~a i _o-ce iniic very yc;a r, zakirc it a~iiost impossible to grow
the cro.3 -so~s fl. Te' no arride rca of an aba.tei ent of the
injury. AlsiAV:e and s-weet clo!;ex iz- eir si-,lstituted ir, ma.,y cases for
red co.o~


Delaware. C. 0, _3~~- Ari ) o. fi:'talIt thi., seasoni"

Polia 4 -ra
Iowa. F. ~ p~: z- "Tkwo rep-orts of extensive inju*:7 by the variea,-,-d ~CUI jl b-2;--on ~-c~v..fr=, 1wo courtJe inIwai
the _coth c~c c ~ ol t-1e S t e 'IThe insect wazi working on red


SUCAR 3OON C.!dJ! BORZR (Diatraea sandharalis) Louisiana.T. H. Jones (rLPril 5). "Larv,.e, some in. tlird instar vieCre taken frora
corn at Baton Ro,,-eL-day. The wirter h--:s beean very ;oJld and the
spring carly with lass ranfall than? axl










S 0 E L I, 0 U S P P E I Y S Z C T S.


TT
FALL CiV7(-J? VOFW bpyre'cs r ia Ha r c i s
OHIO i-l,--ect ipsc.es in the over
-n Dhio a.id- V.,7L "3 01),53- % C,
ort'iea,; te. j -, in ni;oabers
_-_ j -ste- jcri-3 tii6 ,ee'r in F6bri ar-.. Laqt year uni. orce Z
s-p-rayea ',1orce:-'U-er an at mnny points i*11 northeastOhio -0 sc, 'Crol-y epten. Pa tc 'Lies of vioodl r coi-isisting of e Zn -,-na7 a ner 1,1-, ( defoliated. -le syqe( t about the sairpe
ai iou.- t of Ca!--n. e this as last, The eg,. ),,s Iiave not lbp&an to tc:1.

Jccrit- veriy.ta :1 1:
JIEST VI1 ,GI]V L 1j. _L eairs. (April 21, :,,Toths obscr-veO. on vdi:,g at

'"--oa :,.,osz e *in,, o- u -iicolor F4tc--i), NEW YORK -p r i 1 L) ch rig
ITY f 0 -nc_ ha
in _,bLin Lance in a -.e,,: oru'hard.s.


OHIO in the o2c:ard of
t
s Out of the
ti-Ces "71",
ar,3 vory nud evous in
S,- C 4- Z 0 -o i*in -From one half
encoantered- this
srecies il-_ -,!"):e ill lia Coontv,
t1- -. e s t 1 1 L. lf- c r. I(Lerable dal
t 0 t'-. e G 2 T ia G: c a-.-IC_ ti-ie proprietor r
to 3 .e orchLrd at Lorain
C 11 pcL) -.tcit r -Onr 0.ama.ge and last f --h-C, 0
..lust ,)C- '26 '11 ns-c.t of' cons;de-;-at].e miDor ta nee
at tin,Gs,

Sll' L CI IE U1_s"-).V,_-7__0f-,1_1S Lgr1i --.0sus Comstock)


Y10EX. F. F. jj jDri 1 7 tchess County. Present in -.,,Ie rly e v
Orcha-_-e,.
H. F -i 'Cch. L
Y,1,2il 16 v c r a 'or r; abunC.an' ":-,,,an la.A -e,

7, IS
(1-1-.70ij 76). T ore abimnCLant in thi southern 1mlf of t,-".e State. CoLlllte( .,e sc'.-le fro".1 Sev-rai ,4'f.-rc nt orc:i rc"Ls
5C of t(-.Le scale s 3r,.rive( tile
winter, In ve: y sevcrc _bot 5 o2 1,,);-) usually sa:?vive.

7
ET D L extension evis Letter. 1 3 b-t:, n a ii t in, s o u t' -L r n h a 1 f o f
the 3 ta t e

i Z 3(yod. Hasemr71. )r i 1 7). '27 _e :Dan Jose scale is atta? ,,cting more
than usual interest Cule to t,iC fact t i,).t o.--. Iards ilave prover.
orofitablo t!)-_ ,3ast sever, 71ost of the
al jeors 111 1"Ilssclxvio
best orcho.:7e.s ana oi-chard co-xwa-iities where ti.0 ,-est is -)resent










-7
OTHER APHIDS T',',, -T7i

Forda olivq, ea
Nebraska M. H, (Al)ril 15). ""as contin,,iir7 irjuri-_ s in 1971,
wlich becarr3 evident in 1920. The i--_Pneral corditio- 17j 7 e a t :' S such that little is to be feared frcT th, Dse fi-o-_ now on."

Rhoralcsiphum radi L. Whis averac)
Kansas, P. D. Lawson (March 19 to 25) "15 very aburdant or. ccj.,e -nd
rye in Cherokee, Montgomery, and 'Tilson Counties.

i -ranaria
"Ts ver 4art an! -q_-,aL7en'lv ca asKansas. P, B. Lawson (1,11 ,xch 18 to 25) v a' )tLrrd
ing damage in_.some fields in Cher 7kee 'C'Jun-' '.-, cn, c )L,,e'ry aiid .7 il son
Counties;

Yacrosi-ch-im spp.
__T 11 TU3Missouri. Leonard baseman U.- t.; 1 pril 7) the t er f 2 ? e -, e c h
27 and 28 -nd also since, -'Dian*,; on li,- t-ieat n--, cLits ha ,re
attracted much J_ :. sper and verncn
Counties. tIat -tu'c a ',,7J.'_ s'cr-, a_-co-_Mar.'ed the
Easter freeze ;-t a d,-1--; i cd on the plant lice. T,.,o
fields of wheat in __3wton raunzy rp-c rted destroyed bv the
lice and a nuffber in Jasr-_ r and sr ricusly damagoda
The first reports seer.ed to in-ii.c'-te t?--t tl he So- .:Lthern raln louse, Toxcptera gramintim was res-oonZ--b-" F,)-r il', I ur-,. --it -x, L d collection of lice and at t .e ofl i--e snc-.v that one
or pe rhap s two sp ec ie s o-' w r D t abur-dant wi th S
corvne avenue as j .clcse '_ secon" -in ciuy a few cases did
gramin-um appear in the collections."

JOTNT TOW (RarmoIitti"j7:tah !e

Tennesse. Geo. G. Ainslie (B.E., 11,,-ptil 14). "1 have re-7er seer. s7c =.,,,--n
worm as there is this year, Almost e70.-Y field -ist-- h,
appreciable amount and is sore places it is 7crv ce-crewe first fount it the protery of the al-,'t '--15
gro,7,rn in the little deforr ed tillers. I -, I -_flle-r are no-x ra-- '-and unless something hazrens to -iDrevent their e=r:-- rlce ar-4,sition it seems certain that the next generation 11 e
to take practi .-ally every ste!,L. f I
too, not in pa% Oches but -uriforaly t f c 1.i z! - at of -sheat
land was re-lanted to wheat last fall, nrd here of course no r:.i _,rat-n
is necessaryNorth Car- C. S. Brimley (T'iarch 21). "Iii c of the s-: ason taken in
olina. ed moth trap. The season 'las Dt: en a'.Inorra.L_.y -':.-arr. since Warch 1.











G=N&I APPLE "'i"ID (A].his oil U1E'd YORKx. P. J. Parrott. (April 4). AbsiLnda't orapjple blads at & eneva.
25"" of aphids present are sorbi,. Tvjo or three sorbi or, a bud
in many cases.

P. D. 'Rupert. (April 8). 'Tot abundant so far In .aeCota .,7

L. C. Tyler. (April 16). Scarce in ,-enesee County.

D. V. Yiivenburg. -(April 9). ITot riea ,ly so ;:mtin Coliimbia
County as previous to the cold of rc

H. WU. Fitch. (April 11). P7avena, :evYo~k. On 100 buds there
were 1.1 green aphids !)resent. Th is n.robably a mixture of
xog and .7T!nae.

IT. C. i "A.d (A '116.,) 1cceOomy ot so abundant.
1j 25~ till -to 'be scarce in


D. C. Vann. (April 16). ',o:-.roe County. Very few can be fouiid.

L. E. 'IWoodard, (A pril 1~6) C ht a',ra C o;r ty~ ot abundant, WEST VIRGIrIA. L. :.Peairs. (I. arch 20). z-r c r appe aphis abundant at
1,organtovai

(March 23)k. Ahiavy fveE.,& has apfarentlv killed the green apple aphis at Iratvi

(Mfarch 23). Greer, apple aphis rel-orted abundant at ',-otmdsville,
(April 1 ) Green apple aphis Las bcoen 6b&:d, in Berkeley County for several days.

A. A. Gold. (Ar il l) Gr e en a ppl1e aphi 2 a" "- iroe uda
than average year near B,-,yrond City in 9u:zmCom.ity.

IL III"13 '1.- P. Flint. (April 16). ::,-uch less abunh_nt th-n i~ux,. 'Very
few have been found in orchaxts in southcrr. a- iJ.. ccn_,t al part of~
State.

UTAH, H. J. Pack. (A(pril 1). Obser".ed hatching today at Logan.







30

STRAWBERRY INSECTS. STRAWBERRY WEEVIL (Anthoomus signatus) NEVW YORK J.B.Palmer (April 14) Ulster County, found one weevil, D.V.Rivcnburg (April 21) Beginning to do damage in Columbia County,

MISCELLANEOUS STRAWBERRY INSECTS. Otiorhynchus ruqifrons

CALIF. H.S.Smith (April 1) Single infestation in the State in Alameda County. About 20 % of the plants in the infested field have been
destroyed. Now under quarentine.

Phvllophaea U2o.

NEBRASKA 1M.H.Swenk (April 151 At this time there are numerous reports of injury by white grubs.

Red Spider (Tetranvchus telarius L.)

LOUISIANA T.H.Jones (April 13) A good deal of injury in Tangipahoa Parish.

Pari. can e.1
CALIF. H,3.Smith (MUarch 15) Much more abundant than usual at Fioren,
Sacramento County.

Garden slug (Arilolimax aerestis)

NEBPRASKA M.H.Swenk (April 15) Noted last year for the first time in the State.
First report of injury this year on April 11,

MISCELLANEOUS TRUCK INSECTS. Garden slug (Aerilo1imax agrestig)

OHIO H.A.Gossard (April 9) This animal has been a major pest for the past
two or three summers, attacking potatoes and other truck crops.

Asparagus beetle (Crioeris asyL i)

DELAWARE C.O.Houghton (April 8) Ovipositing at Newark. M&BEg J.A.Hyslop (Apr'il 24) Adults m:ting and many eggs being laid in
Montgomery County.










,Collaborators of the United States Department of Agriculturex acting as Reporters for '-he
Ihsect'Pest SurvQ-.

Alabama Dt.Vl *E.,Hind s Ent or4o log i st Agr'ic ul ural: "ExPerii-iien t Stations Auburne
Arizora Mr.Don C.Motes State' Entomologist) Phoenij4
Arkansas Prof -'es-sor, G..G.Becker lphief Inspec*io rStat6-'Pjart Board, Little Rock#
4 Mro 111. J.Baerg',E it*omologist jAgric l,'t.ural Expo riment Station,
-FaY6tte.v;1l1e4k
:Californj,a- Mr.'H* o-S.Sm thEnt =61ogis 6jo f-io o 'Yit Pest ControlState De p tment of Agriculture, 54crar;i6ntoi DroW.B.Herms'pHafad of DIVisipn...of Ent 61.1ology and ParasitologyUniversiti, o-f -Calif orria, Bcrkeloye
.C.olorado Dr*C.P.Gillet tFntoiiyologistAgr c.ult6 al Exporiniient Statior*Ft Collins*
*C onno c i8 6t 'bi, W.E.Britt on,, State Entomologist) A*ic:ultural Experiment Station New'Haven.
Delaware Professor C'.0,Houghton, Bdbl;ogisto' Agric'ultu al Experiment Stationj
Newaxk
F 1 or ida MrJeff Chaff in# As s i st ant, Nurqe ,y ly s pettor, State Plant oardj Gainesville.
Ge.orgia.., Professor A.C.Lewisp 'State- rist, State Department of Agricultu O p Atlanta'*
.1 dah o 141r.R.H.SmithsEntomolo' Ist
.,g jEntomologic 1' Substation, Twin Fallse .,J.E odse4alek,,Professor of Entomology an-d-Zoologyj University of ..'Idah -p, I . I % : "
o s c ow,
-Illinois Professor VIIO'P.PlirtEhtbm.olpgisf,,Sta- e" Natural History Survey, Urbana*
Indiana -Pt6f epsor J ,J.,D4vis # Ent omologist I 'Perdue University, Lafayette*
., Paddoc*k,'Actirig-. nto.mologst#A,.,ricultural Collegep Ameso Kansas U r.,GA.,D,,eanb:,.Zntontologist, Arricuftufal R;,perimcrt Station, 11anhattan.
fD
Professor Se, 'Hdi tersEntor.-olo4ists Universi-ty of Kansast' Lawrencef Kentucky 'Prbfessor H,*GarmenEn+, omologist I' '
Agricultaral Experiment Station,
Lexing o*e
Tj o u ai n"a ZH- -.5 one s#, Ertfomologist+- Agricultural bxperij nent. Station Baton Rouge.
blaine DrwE-tM.Patch,,State EntomologiA';ji-gti-c i1tural Experiment Station Oronoe
.Maryland,, Professor t'.VXore-y#' Stat ,,;-Ent,6mlo ist, INIaryland University, CollqgePark..
Massachusetts DrH.TFernald Ent omolo'gist.*Agric ul tural Experiment Stat !on, Amherst. Michigan Professor RHPettit, Ent omol okist I Agric Lilt ural Experiment Stations
East Lansing.
Minnesota Professor A.k3.Rugglesj State Ent )mologistUniversity Far.-ii, St. Paul*
Mississippi Professor R.111,Harned> Ent =olcgie, i State Plant Board, A,-Pricultural College.
Missouri Dr.L,,HasemanDrtomologist Agricultural Experiment St ,tionj Columbia.
Montana Professor R.A.CooleyState EntomologistAgricultural Experiment Statior:
Bozeman.
Febraska Professor 111,1H.Swenk, State Ent omologis-1 j Uni varsity of FebraskapLincoln.
Fevada Professor C.W.Creel)Entomologist University of Fevada, Renoo
1'ew Hampshif e Professor 17#Co 'Kane vEnt omologist, Agricultural Experiment Station# Durham#
1\ e vi Jersey Dr.TtJ#Headlee #State Entomologist, Agricultural Experiment Stationo Yev, Brunswick,
New York Dr*E.P *Felt tate Ent omologist,#University of the State of Few York,
Albany*










B E I I I F, S.7 C T

PEOT BFLTL E (.i!"pilachra corrupia)
C, r)
Alabama "'-E.H.-1.nds ard N."F.1i,7ward I*n Firmincham section adults
worn- 'as'ivc after M-ren 1 anj w,:,cs were found by Marcg 21. The are emerging in c.opsiderable numbers from hibernating quarters, It is evident that at east 20 of L-Ast years beetles have s,,zccssLuJ.ly pa-. ;pd thc vii,,ter. Tn viev of' '.-he fact that a 4 hibernate ,n of t1he Boll v.,oc-ril re-).res ,rts a serious itif e sta-1-ion r-bab'lc -_coonl br,,,, d of ti-o T;-an beetle will 11-he p 1 1 J.
be extensive and :.r.- u rious At lu-ha 11- i pe o f wri It ing
j g; carly garden
beans are yomln- through the soil-at Bir!-,ingham and ample food
will 'be afor1f-,d for th'o first brood bf, larvae 'less the h .beriiated bectIcs destroy the crop; if this becomes the condition a
serious an widespread migration rray b-- expected with the result that the infested area may reach woll into Goorgia and Tennessee,
by t1ae erd of the season.

B 2AN bEAF B 'L EME fC. ratoma

North C.'UBrim1e1r O.iarch 211 Kirat adult of the e-eason seen on sassafras
Carolina blossoms a-.*-, Raleigh.

STEET POTAr."01% INSECTS.

S-177--T YOTATO 1v"7*K:V!AJ (Cylus o rmicarius)

Florida .-A, C.'Drown
el "AP, J.1 15) The a-er. ---n llil:er C&iinty reduced
about 75 thrw_1,-h an by the
Entomology and t1he State Pla,_nt 2,.iard o ',Ior:,La.

SMEPEIIYAL I D L 71 YP I 1 Aj D
iss K.L.Cockerham. S,',-_ct potatoes do-nagn', i r
_3 re than ord Ln-3,r._l.,
b ; thoso, myriar-ods ever tlie ei.itlre scii,'v,6rZ11 ?1 )'111 of' -'Vhr C-'L, ate.
This damao e was ,f4*e,, Yr- s -,,ken Z,)r I Lillrv, C _r CAI-rt'., on
wae called to it 0 71 r 0'.13 0 C i i ) n 5
found in the only the darna ,e where it had in, o
them .