Waited States Department of Agricutrure
Agricultural Research Administratton
Bureau of intomology and Plant Quari~tine
A SHIPPING AI @ R ADULT INSJTS
By Charles A. Clark, Division of Cereal and 7o' Insect Investigations
A shipping container for iseots was devised and tested i
n large-fsoale shipments of parasites of the Duropean co be
(Prausta nubilalis (Hn.)). This container is similar to
priosyused on this and other projects. but include sever
modifications which seem worth reporting.
This improved shipping container is designed to be ued io
juntion with a vacnm type of insect collector, such as a :odi I
hair drier, similar to those now commonly in use in various eutoclo cal laboratories. The insects are drawn into the container when ~he air stream passes through a glass tube which is held in a No. 9 rubbe
stopper placed in the cover opening.
The container is a standard, pint-size ice-cream carton. 3
inches ain diameter and 3 1/4 inches deep (inside dimensions) 0
with this diameter and a selection of different depths are a~ail.b
A hole 1 5/6 inches in diameter is punched in the center of th
top and bottom of the carton. If many containers are to be mde simple machine punch similar to that shown in figure 1 can be con~structedt, but a hand punch is entirely satisfactory when only a An
are to be made. However, it is essential that the opening in the cover be of the exact site specified. The containers used have a double bottom, After the hole has been prunched in the bottom of
carton, the inner bottom liner, now in the form of a ring 7/S in8ihe
wide, can easily be removed. A piece of cheesecloth is attach ei this ring by means of hot wax or shellac and allowed to dry, Un, carton is then dipped in very hot wax and the cloth-covered bot
insert quickly replaced with the cloth side down. The hot wax
hold the inner liner firmly to the bottom and seal the crack ax'
Sarman, P., and Brigham, W. T. Studies on parasites of th
oriental fruit moth, II. Macrocentras ancylivorus. Conn. (State) A,
Expt. Sta. Bul. 356, 116 pp. 1933.
fhe closure used in the cover is a xil-bottle cap with a
flanged edge approximately 1/2 inch wide. The cap fits in the openan very snly, and no seal is needed to hold it in place. It does not use up a extra space when the containers are packed for ubipment. Caps can be purchased in various colors. In parasite work with the corn borer different-colored caps are used oan containers for different species of parasites, for convenience when more than one species to shipped in the same consignment. the date, species, nsaber of speelmesns, or other information can be written on the flat center portion of the cap, or the caps cam be purchased with suitable information printed on then.
When in use, a small amount of szoelsior is placed in the coptaner to provide a footing for the adult insects. Consignments are dispatched in iced shipping boxes, which keep the adults inactive so that no provision for food en route Is necessary.
The fact that these containers are very light is an advantage,
especially when shipments are male by air express. Completed containers are shown in figure 2e
2he total finished cost of these containers, with caps, at present (1945) prices is less than 5 cents each.
?igtgwe I.-Machine pmch used in preparationi of shipping containers for insects*
7Sigure 2*.-Couipleted containers for shipplag insects.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 3 1262 09240 8680