Service and regulatory announcements

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Title:
Service and regulatory announcements
Added title page title:
Service and regulatory announcements with list of plant pests intercepted with imported plants and plant products
Physical Description:
60 v. : 23 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
quarterly

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Subjects / Keywords:
Plant quarantine -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
S.R.A.--B.E.P.Q. no. 120 (July/Sept. 1934)-S.R.A.--B.E.P.Q. no. 179 (Oct./Dec. 1950).
General Note:
Title from caption.
General Note:
Also cummulated with an annual t.p.
Statement of Responsibility:
United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.

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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030288977
oclc - 14207732
lccn - sn 86033973
Classification:
ddc - 632.9 U54
System ID:
AA00023076:00005

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Preceded by:
Service and regulatory
Preceded by:
Service and regulatory announcements
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Service and regulatory announcements

Full Text
































S
aW
.6















State of Florida
Department of Agriculture

DIVISION OF PLANT
INDUSTRY










LIBRARY





S. R. A., B. E. P. Q. Issued September I138

United States Department of Agriculture
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine




SERVICE AND

REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS

1937




These announcements are issued quarterly and constitute a per-
manent record of the work of the Bureau in the enforcement
of the Plant Quarantine Act of 1912 and certain related acts, in-
cluding the text of quarantines and regulations thereunder, and
the more important circulars and decisions explanatory of,
or bearing on, such quarantines and regulations




WITH LIST OF PLANT PESTS INTERCEPTED WITH IMPORTED
PLANTS AND PLANT PRODUCTS
























UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON: 1938











ELA. DEPT. AG.
OV. OF PLANT
INDUSTRY
UBRARY


ORGANIZATION OF THE BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY
AND PLANT QUARANTINE

LEE A. STRONG, Chief.
S. A. ROHWER, Assistant Chief.
AVERY S. HOYT, Assistant Chief.
P. N. ANNAND, Special Research Assistant.
F. H. SPENCER, Business Manager.
ROLLA P. CURRIE, Editor.
MABEL COLCORD, Librarian.
J. A. HYSLOP, in Charge, Division of Insect Pest Survey and Information.
J. I. HAMBLETON, in Charge, Division of Bee Culture Investigations.
D. L. VAN DINE, in Charge, Division of Fruit Insect Investigations.
F. C. CRAIGHEAD, in Charge, Division of Forest Insect Investigations.
W. H. WHITE, in Charge, Division of Truck Crop and Garden Insect Investigations.
C. M. PACKARD, in Charge, Division of Cereal and Forage Insect Investigations.
R. W. HARNED, in Charge, Division of Cotton Insect Investigations.
F. C. BISHOPP, in Charge, Division of Insects Affecting Man and Animals.
L. A. HAWKINS, in Charge, Division of Control Investigations.
R. C. ROARK, in Charge, Division of Insecticides and Fungicides.
C. F. W. MUESEBECK, in Charge, Divisibn of Insect Identification.
C. P. CLAUSEN, in Charge, Division of Foreign Parasite Introduction.
S. B. FRACKER, in Charge, Division of Plant Disease Control.
B. M. GADDIS, in Charge, Division of Domestic Plant Quarantines.
E. R. SASSCER, in Charge, Division of Foreign Plant Quarantines.
A. F. BURGESS, in Field Charge, Gypsy Moth and Brown-Tail Moth Control (head-
quarters, Greenfield, Mass.).
E. G. BREWER, in Field Charge, Japanese Beetle and Gypsy Moth and Brown-Tail
Moth Quarantines, European Corn Borer Certification, and Dutch Elm Disease
Eradication (headquarters, Bloomfield, N. J.).
R. E. MCDONALD, in Field Charge, Pink Bollworm and Thurberia Weevil Quar-
antines (headquarters, San Antonio, Tex.).
P. A. HOIDALE, in Field Charge, Mexican Fruitfly Quarantine (headquarters,
Harlingen, Tex.).
A. C. BAKER, in Field Charge, Fruitfly Investigations (headquarters, Mexico
City, Mexico).
W. E. DOVE, in Field Charge, Screwworm Control (headquarters, San Antonio,
Tex.).
II

















TABLE OF CONTENTS

CONTENTS OF NO. 130 (JANUARY-MARCH 1937)
Page
Quarantine and other official announcements.........-----..---------------------------------------.----.. 1
Announcements relating to gypsy moth and brown-tail moth quarantine (no. 45) --------------- 1
List of articles exempt from certification requirements under the gypsy moth and brown-tail
moth quarantine (B. E. P. Q. 386, revised) --------..........................--------------------------------------- 1
Instructions to postmasters ------------............................------------------------------------------------- 2
Announcements relating to Japanese beetle quarantine (no. 48) --------------------------------- 3
Japanese beetle quarantine regulations revised ---------------------------------------------- 3
Revision of quarantine and regulations ---------. 3------------------------------------------- 3
Notice to general public through newspapers -------................----------------------------------- 14
Announcement relating to nursery stock, plant, and seed quarantine (no. 37) ------------------ 15
Treatment of tulips, hyacinths, and certain other known hosts of the bulb nematode not to
be required ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 15
Announcements relating to white-pine blister rust quarantine (no. 63) -------------------------- 15
White-pine blister rust quarantine regulations revised -------------------------------------- 15
Revision of regulations --------------........------------------------------------------------------ 15
Notice to general public through newspapers ----------------------------------------- 21
Instructions to postmasters ---------------------------------------..--------------------- 22
Announcement relating to regulations governing the entry of potatoes into the United States. -- 24
Entry of potatoes from Latvia authorized -----------.............---------------------------------------- 24
Miscellaneous items ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 24
No Federal quarantine on peach mosaic disease ---------.......------------------------------------ 24
Customs regulations amended-plant quarantine (T. D. 48810) ----.....------------------------- 25
Frultflies in the Republic of Ecuador ------------------------------------------------------- 25
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of Peru (P. Q. C. A. 310, supplement no. 4). 26
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of Czechoslovakia (B. E. P. Q. 366, supple-
ment no. 4) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 26
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Grand Duchy of Luxemburg (B. E. P. Q. 389, supple-
ment no. 1) ---------------------------------- ----.--------------------------- 27
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, British India (B. E. P. Q. 404, revised) --------------- 27
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of Germany (B. E. P. Q. 405, supplement
no. 2) ---- -....---------------.---------------------..--------------- 32
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, United Kingdom of Great Britain (B. E. P. Q. 416,
supplement no. 1) --------------------------------------------------------------------- 32
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Rumania (B. E. P. Q. 422 and supple-
ment no. 1) ----------------......-------------------------------------------------------------. 33
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of Mauritius (B. E. P. Q. 423) ......--------------- 40
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of Gambia (B. E. P. Q. 424) ------------------ 41
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (B. E. P. Q. 425)
(supersedes B. E. P. Q. 377) ------------------------------------------------------ 42
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of Argentina (B. E. P. Q. 426) (superseding
B. E. P. Q. 357) --------------- ----------------------------------------. 57
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Hungary (B. E. P. Q. 427) .-------------- 71
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, British Colony of Ceylon (B. E. P. Q. 428) (supersed-
ing H. B. 192) --- ---.------------------------------------------....... 78
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Netherlands East Indies (B. E. P. Q. 429) ------------ 81
Penalties imposed for violations of the Plant Quarantine Act -----.......----------------------------- 86
Organization of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine-............----------....----------------.... 87

CONTENTS OF NO. 131 (APRIL-JUNE 1937)
Page
Quarantine and other official announcements..............................---------.........-------------------------------------------- 90
Announcements relating to black stem rust quarantine (no. 38) --.. ..-------------------------.. 90
Classification of barberry and Mahonia plants under black stem rust quarantine regulations
(B. E. P. Q. 385. revised) --------.------------ ----------.. -----.....-------------- 90
Conference on black stem rust quarantine to be held in Washington, D. C., on July 14 ..-. 91
Notice of public conference to consider a revision of quarantine no. 38, on account of the black
stem rust of grains ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 91
Announcements relating to Japanese beetle quarantine (no. 48) -----....--------------------------- 91
Instructions to postmasters ------------........--------------------------------------------------- 91
Japanese beetle quarantine amended ......----------------------------------------... 92
Modification of Japanese beetle quarantine regulations (amendment no. 1) -...-----.---------...... 92
Notice to general public through newspapers -------............----------------------------------- 95
Announcements relating to pink bollworm quarantine (no. 52)---------------------------- 95
Pink bollworm quarantine regulations revised -------...........------------------------------------- 95
Modification of pink bollworm quarantine regulations (amendment no. 2)--..........--------------. 96
Notice to general public through newspapers ---------...........----------------------------------- 97
Instructions to postmasters------------................-----------------------------.------- 98
Administrative instructions-treatment requirements removed as a condition for interstate
shipment of baled lint and linters and products thereof from certain specified pink bollworm
lightly infested areas of New Mexico and Texas (B. E. P. Q. 414, revised) ---------------...- 98
Administrative instructions-approval of alternative treatment for the interstate movement
of baled cotton linters ginned from cottonseed produced in areas lightly infested with the
pink bollowrm (B. E. P. Q. 450)......................-----------------------..---------.........--...........--------........ 98
89538-38 I






IV TABLE OF CONTENTS


Quarantine and other official announcements-Continued. Page
Announcement relating to Thurberia weevil quarantine (no. 61)-...---.-----------------.. 99
Administrative instructions-approval for alternative treatment for cottonseed as a con-
dition for interstate movement from the area regulated under quarantine no. 61 (B. E. P. Q.
436)----.... ....................................................................... .. 99
Terminal inspection of plants and plant products.....---...--.....------------------.......-------------............. 99
California State plant quarantines...........................-------------------------------- ..... -------------..... 99
M'ississippi State plant quarantine..-------------------------------............--..................-------------.......-.... 102
Montana State plant quarantines-----------...............-----------------..................................--------------. 102
Miscellaneous items-------------------------------------------------------------------..................................... 103
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Egypt (B. E. P. Q. 375, revised)--------- 103
Plant-quarantine import and transit restrictions, Republic of Austria (B. E. P. Q. 402, revised,
and supplement no. 1)--------------------------......---------------------------........................... 113
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, British Colony of Malta (B. E. P. Q. 406, revised,
and supplement no. 1) --------------------------------------------------...........---.......--....---........... 121
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, United Kingdom of Great Britain (B. E. P. Q. 416,
supplement no. 2) --.---......---.....---------------------------------. ------------- 122
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Rumania (B. E. P. Q. 422, supplement
no. 2).---..------------------------------------..--------.................---------.....------..... 125
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of Argentina (B. E. P. Q. 426, supplement
no. 1) ---..-- ----------------------------------------------------.----------.---.... .. ........ 125
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Presidency of Montserrat, British West Indies (B. E.
P. Q. 430) --.-------............ ..------------------------------------------------..-.. 128
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of St. Vincent, British West Indies (B. E. P. Q.
431) ....................---------------------------------------------------------------- 129
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony (B. E. P. Q. 432)..-- 132
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of Barbados, British West Indies (B. E. P. Q.
433)-.. .. ............-----------------------.... ...........---------------------------..- 133
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of St. Lucia, British West Indies (B. E. P. Q.
434) -.-----......------------------------------------------------ 135
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Territory of Northern Rhodesia (B. E. P. Q. 435)----- 137
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kindgom of Belgium (B. E. P. Q. 437, superseding
P. Q. C. A. 315) ------- ----.----------------------------------.....--. 140
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Greece (B. E. P. Q. 438 and supplement no. 1) -------- 148
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Sweden (B. E. P. Q. 439, superseding
P. Q. C. A. 321) --------------------------------------------------------... 154
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, British Colony of Seychelles (B. E. P. Q. 440) --.------.... 161
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Fernando Po and Spanish Guinea (B. E. P. Q. 441)-- 163
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of British-Guiana (B. E. P. Q. 442) ---------...... 164
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, French Colony of Algeria (B. E. P. Q. 443) --.--------....... 166
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, French Zone of Morocco (B. E. P. Q. 444). .....------ 175
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Central America (B. E. P. Q. 445, superseding P. Q.
C. A. 314) -------------------------------------------------------------- 185
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Territory of Southern Rhodesia (B. E. P. Q. 446) ---- 190
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (B. E. P. Q. 447) ------------.... 195
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Belgian Congo (B. E. P. Q. 448) ------------------ 200
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Iran (Persia) (B. E. P. Q. 449) --------------------..... 201
Penalties imposed for violations of the Plant Quarantine Act -------------...--------------- 202
Organization of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine .--......---------------------------- 205

CONTENTS OF NO. 132 (JULY-SEPTEMBER 1937)
Page
Quarantine and other official announcements ----------...............---------------------------------------- 258
Announcements relating to Dutch elm disease quarantine (No. 71) --------------------- 258
Modification cf Dutch elm disease quarantine regulations (amendment No. 3) -------------.... 258
Notice to general public through newspapers .........---------------------------------- 259
Instructions to postmasters ----------------------------------------------- 259
Announcement relating to fruit and vegetable quarantine (No. 56) ............-------------------------- 259
Instructions to collectors of customs --------------------------------------------....... 259
Announcements relating to Japanese beetle quarantine (No. 48) ---------- .... ------------------- 260
Instructions to inspectors on the treatment of nursery products, fruits, vegetables, and soil
for the Japanese beetle (B. P. Q. 359, Supplement No. 2) -.-----..-------------- 260
Instructions to inspectors on the treatment of nursery products, fruits, vegetables, and soil
for the Japanese beetle (B. P. Q. 359, Supplement No. 3) -------.......-------------------.. 261
Announcements relating to Mexican fruitfly quarantine (No. 64) -----------.........--------------- 262
Revi Notice to general public through newspapers ------ ---------- ....-------------- 267
Instructions to postmasters --------..............----------------------------------------------- 267
Announcements relating to pink bollworm quarantine (No. 52) .--...............--------------------------- 267
Modification of pink bollworm quarantine regulations (amendment No. 3) ----- ---------- 267
Notice to general public through newspapers -......-------------------------------............ 269
Instructions to postmasters.....------------- ---------------------------------- 269
Modification of pink bollworm quarantine regulations (amendment No. 4) -------......-------- 270
Notice to general public through newspapers --------------------..-------------.......... 271
Announcement relating to Thurberia weevil quarantine (No. 61) ----------...........--------------- 271
Administrative instructions-Approval of alternative treatments for cottonseed as a condi-
tion for interstate movement from the area regulated under quarantine No. 61 (B. E. P. Q.
436, revised) .------ .---------- ..............--- --------------------------------- 271
Announcerment relating to rules and regulations governing the importation of cotton and cotton
wrappings into the United States-----...._...--------------------- .........---------------------....... 272
Modification of cotton regulations (amendment No. 3) ...--------- ---.........---------------- 272
Terminal inspection of plants and plant products ------..................-------------------------------------...... 273
Additional plant inspection place in California -----------------------......-----------..... 273
Miscellaneous items---------------------------------........ .........-------------------------.. 273
Nurserymen and quarantines (address by Lee A. Strong) --------------------------------- 273
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Cuba (P. Q. C. A. 283, revised, Supplement No. 5)... 280






TABLE OF CONTENTS V


Quarantine and other official announcements-Continued.
Miscellaneous items-Continued. Page
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of Poland (B. E. P. Q. 368, Supplement
No. 2) .. ---------------------------------------------------------------- 281
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Egypt (B. E. P. Q. 375, revised, Supple-
ment No. 1) -----.--------- -....--.. ...------------------------------- 281
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of Haiti (B. E. P. Q. 380, revised)---------........ 282
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of Finland (B. E. P. Q. 420, Supplement
No. 1).......................................................--------------------------------------------------------------- 283
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of Argentina (B. E. P. Q. 426, Supplement
No. 2) ............. ....---------------------------------------------------------------- 284
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Netherlands East Indies (B. E. P. Q. 429, Supplement
No. 1) ----------...................................------------------------------------------------------ 286
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Norway (B. P. Q. 350, Supplement No. 2). 287
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of Barbados, British West Indies (B. E. P. Q.
433, Supplement No. 1) ..........-------------...................................--------------------------------------- 287
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of St. Lucia, British West Indies (B. E. P. Q.
434, revised) -..--.........--..-----------.................-----...........------------------------------- 287
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, French Zone of Morocco (B. E. P. Q. 444, Supplement
No. 1)...............................................---------------------------------------------------------------. 290
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (B. E. P. Q. 447, Supplement
No. 2)... ........---------------------------------------------------------------- 290
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, French Colonies (B. E. P. Q. 465, Superseding B. E.
P. Q. 398) .......------------------------------------------------------------...--. 290
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, British Colony of Fiji (B. E. P. Q. 466)------------- 306
Penalties imposed for violations of the Plant Quarantine Act ---..................------------------........-. 308
List of current quarantines and other restrictive orders and miscellaneous regulations ------........... 311
Organization of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. ----- -------------.- 318

CONTENTS OF NO. 133 (OCTOBER-DECEMBER 1937)
Page
Quarantine and other official announcements ------------------------------------------ 208
Announcements relating to black stem rust quarantine (No. 38) -------------------------- 208
Black stem rust quarantine revised ................--------------------------------------------...... 208
Revision of black stem rust quarantine and regulations -----------------------------. 208
Notice to general public through newspapers --------------------------------- 211
Classification of barberry and mahonia plants under black stem rust quarantine regulations
(B. E. P. Q. 385, 2d rev.)---------------------- ------------------------- 212
Announcements relating to fruit and vegetable quarantine (No. 56) -----.......------------------ 213
Restrictions affecting the importation and interstate movement of frozen-pack fruits (B. E.
P. Q. 462) -------------------------------------------------------------- 213
Sterilization of imported Vinifera grapes by refrigeration (B. E. P. Q. 463) ---------------- 213
Importation of Vmifera grapes and certain other deciduous fruits subject to in-transit sterili-
zation authorized (B. E. P. Q. 464) ----------------------------- 214
Announcement relating to gypsy moth and brown-tail moth quarantine (No. 45) --------------- 216
List of articles exempt from certification requirements under the gypsy moth and brown-tail
moth quarantine (B. P. E. Q. 386, 4th rev.) ------------------------------------- 216
Announcements relating to Japanese beetle quarantine (No. 48) -------------------------- 217
Japanese beetle control ends for season on fruit and vegetable shipments ----------------- 217
Termination date on fruit and vegetable restrictions under Japanese beetle quarantine
advanced to September 22 for the year 1937 ------------------------------------- 217
Announcement relating to pink bollworm quarantine (No. 52). -------- ------------------ 218
Administrative instructions-approval of alternative treatments for cottonseed as a condi-
tion for interstate movement from areas lightly infested with the pink bollworm (B. E. P. Q.
459)...--........ .................................---------------------------------------- 218
Terminal inspection of plants and plant products. ------ ---------------------------- 218
Oregon State plant quarantines......... .....----...........................................----------------------------------- 218
Miscellaneous items ---- -------- ------------------------------------------ 222
Present status of the circulars of this (B. E. P. Q.) series (B. E. P. Q. 461) --------------- 222
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, New Zealand (P. Q. C. A. 306, supplement No. 4)-.... 230
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Presidency of Dominica, British West Indies (B. E.
P. Q. 399, supplement No. 1) ------------------------------------------------ 231
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Dominican Republic (B. E. P. Q. 396, supplement
No. 1) --..... ..------------------------------ -------------------- 231
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of France (B. E. P. Q. 403, supplement No. 1). 231
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of Germany (B. E. P. Q. 405, supplement
No. 3)....................-------------------------------------------------------------........... 233
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of Gambia (B. E. P. Q. 424, revised) --------- 237
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of Saint Vincent, British West Indies (B. E.
P. Q. 431, supplement No. 1) ------------------------------------------------239
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (B. E. P. Q. 447, supplement
No. 1)---------- ........................ ................---------------------------------- 239
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of Turkey (B. E. P. Q. 451) -------------- 240
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Tanganyika Territory (B. E. P. Q. 452 and supple-
ment No. 1).........................------------------------------------------.....-----------------......... 242
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Surinam (Netherlands Guiana) (B. E. P. Q. 453)----..... 244
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria (including the
Cameroons under British mandate) (B. E. P. Q. 454) ----------------------------- 245
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, British Colony of Bermuda (B. E. P. Q. 455) ..---...... 247
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Nyasaland Protectorate (B. E. P. Q. 456) ------------ 249
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of China (B. E. P. Q. 457)..............---------------- 250
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Federated Malay States (British) (B. E. P. Q. 458)-.. 252
Penalties imposed for violations of the Plant Quarantine Act...............-----.................---------------------- 253
*Organization of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine...................................------------------ 256


0









S. ItR. A.-B. E. PI. Q. No. 1:10 Issued Juno 1):;7




United States Department of Agriculture

BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE



SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS

JANUARY-MARCH 1937


CONTENTS
Page
Quarantine and other official announcements-- --------.. ------------ ------- ----.------------- 1
Announcement s relating to gypsy Inloth and brown-tail moth q(u1taranti e (no. 5) - - -----...... 1
List of articles exempt from certification reouirminents under the gypsy inoth and b1row n-tail
moth quarantine (B. E. P. Q. 386, revised) ------------------------------------------...... 1
Instructions to postmasters --------..---------------------------------------.. -- 2
Announcements relating to J.apiiiese heelle Iutiarantine (no. s)---------- -------........-------- 3
Japanese beetle quarantine reuitlatiollns revised -----------------------------------..-----... 3
Revision of quarantine and rewulations---..--------------------------------......------------. 3
Notice to general public through newspapers--- -----------------------------..-- -- 14
Announcement relating to nursery stock, plant, and seed quarantine (no. 37) ----------.......---------... 15
Treatment of tulips, hyacint hs, and certain ot her known hosts of the bulb nematode not to be
required. --------------------------------------------------------------------- --------- 15
Announcements relatine: to while-pine blister rust quarantine (no. 63)-------------------------............. 15
White-pine blister rust quarantine reculations revised ----.--.------------------.----------.
Revision of regulations --------------------------------------------------------....... 15
Notice to general public through newspapers ---------- --------------------------- 21
Instruct ions to psltinisters -------------.. ----------------------------------------.. 22
Announcellent relat iin to regulations govorning I lhe ent rv of potatoes into t hle I lit ed Stales- 24
Entry of potatoes from Latvia authorized --------------------------------------- 24
Miscell'aneous itemns ----------.---- ---.--- -------.--------------------------------------- 24
No Federal oquarantine on pe(ch mos'ic disease--- ----- ..------------------------- 24
Customs relul :tions antened -plant quar nine (T. ). 0) ---------------------------................. 25
Fruitflies in the Republic of IEcuador ..---------------------------------------------- 25
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, IRepublic of Peru '. Q. C..\. 310, su ilemn ent I no. 4) 26
Plant-quarant ine imnt)rt restrict ons, IRep'ublie of C'cclzoslo)akia (BE.E. P. Q. :,i, supple-
ment no1). -). .. --- -. - -- - - ------ - 26
Plant-qu :r jntine imn ,rt restrictions, ( r. nd Ducihy of L uxemburt (B. F. P. Q. 359, supple-
m.ent no. i) -------.--.-. ----------------. . ---. -- -------... 27
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, British India (11. E. P. Q. -1t.4, revised) ---------- 27
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of (iern:any (B. E. P. Q. i05, supplement
no.2) ----------... ----... -- -----------------..---- --- --------------------........ 32
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Vnited Kin.d'iomn of Great Britain (B. E. P. Q. 416,
supplement no. 1) -------------------------------..------------------------------------............... 32
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Rumania (B. E P. . 422 and supplement
no. 1)-- --------------------------------- -------------------------------------...... 33
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of A:o:ritius (B. E. P. Q. 423) ---------------- 40
Plant-quarantine imp, rt restrictions, Colony o(f -'mbiabni (B. E. P. Q. 424) -----------------. 41
Plant-quarantine imp rt rest rici ions, Inioni of Soviet Soci list Republics (B. E. P. Q. 42.,)
(supersedes B. E. P. Q. 377) ---..---------------- --- ----------------- -------. 42
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of Argentina (B. E. P. Q. 426) (siinorsedinx
1. E. P. Q. 357) --.. -------------..------- .---.-.----..---------- ---- .... 57
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kindom of Hlunmry (B. E. P. Q. 127 ......---------------. 71
Plant-qutrintine import restrictions, British Colony of Ceylcn (B. E. P. 42,) (superseding
H. B. 192).................-------------------------........ -- --------.. ..-----------------------. 7
Plant-quarantine import restrictions. Netherlands East Indies (1B. E. Q.. 129) ------------
Penalties imposed for violations of the Plant Quarantine Act ----------------------------
Organization of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarant ine---------.--.----------..... -. S7



QUARANTINE AND OTHER OFFICIAL
ANNOUNCEMENTS

ANNOUNCEMENTS RELATING TO GYPSY MOTH AND BROWN-TAIL
MOTH QUARANTINE (NO. 45)
1. E. P. Q. :'8 (rovised) (suptersedes 1'. Q. C. A. :'1:).
LIST OF ARTICLES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE
GYPSY MOTH AND BROWN-TAIL MOTH QUARANTINE
MARmCT 2. 1:87.
In accorda1nce with the proviso in Notice of Qumarnnl ine No. 45. :1s revised
effective November 4. 1935, the following articles, the iltersilte mlovemenlt of
145199-37- 1 1






2 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-March

which is not considered to constitute a risk of moth dissemination, are exempted
from the restrictions of the regulations of this quarantine:
Acacia cuttings (for ornamental use) (Acacia spp.).
Banana stalks, when crushed, dried, and shredded.
Birch slabs for use as post cards.
('able reels, when newly manufactured and empty.
Cluhbmoss (sometimes called "ground pine") (Lycopodium spp.).
Evergreen smilax (Smila.r lanceolala).
Fuchsia (Fuchsia spp.).
Galax (Gala.r aphylla).
Geranium (Pelargonium spp.).
Heather cuttings (for ornamental use) (Erica spp.) (Calluna spp.).
Heliotrope (Hcliotropium spp.).
Jerusalem-cherry (S:olanum capsicastrum, '. pscudocapsicum, S. h7ender-
soni).
Mistletoe (Phoradendron flavrescens, Viscumn album, etc.).
Oregon huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatumr).
Partridgeberry (Mitchella repens).
Strawberry plants (Fragaria spp.).
Trailing arbutus (Epigaca repens).
Verbena (Verbena spp.).
Wintergreen (Gaultheria spp., Pyrola spp.).
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


INSTRUCTIONS TO POSTMASTERS

MODIFICATION OF RESTRICTIONS OF GYPSY MOTH AND BROWN-TAIL MOTH
QUARANTINE

THIRD ASSISTANT POSTMASTER GENERAL,
Washington, March 9, 1937.
Referring to Quarantine Order No. 45 of the United States Department of
Agriculture on account of the gypsy moth and brown-tail moth quarantine, no-
tice is given to postmasters in the regulated area which includes the entire State
of Rhode Island and parts of the States of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, and Vermont, that, effective March 2, 1937, the following arti-
cles, the interstate movement of which is not considered to constitute a risk of
moth disseimination, are exempted from the restrictions of the regulations of
this quarantine:
Acacia cuttings (for ornamental use) (Acacia spp.).
Banana stalks. when crushed, dried, and shredded.
Birch slabs used as cards for mailing purposes.
('able reels, when newly manufactured and empty.
Clubmoss (sometimes called "ground pine") (Lycopodium spp.).
Evergreen smilax (Smilax lanceola(ta).
Fuchsia (Fuchwia spp.).
halax (Galax aphylla).
Geranium (Pel.rgoni1um spp.).
Heather cuttings (for ornamental use) (Erica spp.) (Calluna spp.).
Ieliotrope (lHeliotropium spp.).
Jerusalem-cherry (Solanun, capsicastrum, S. pseudocapsicum, S. hefder-
soni).
Mistletoe (Phoradendron flarescens, Viscum album, etc.).
Oregon huckleberry ( Vaccinium ovatum).
Partridgeberry (Ilitchella repens).
Strawberry plants (Fragaria spp.).
Trailing arbutus (Epigaea repens).
Verbena (Verbena spp.)
Wintergreen (Gaultheria spp., Pyrola spp.).
ROY M. NORTH,
Acting Third Assistant Postmaster General.






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS

ANNOUNCEMENTS RELATING TO JAPANESE BEETLE
QUARANTINE (NO. 48)

JAPANESE BEETLE QUARANTINE REGULATIONS REVISED
[Press notice]
MAn ci 3, 1937.

A revision of the Japanese beetle quarantine regulations effective March 1,
1937, was announced today by the Secretary of Agriculture.
The revision adds the cities of Cleveland, Columbus, and Toledo and the
entire counties of ('olumbiana and Mahoning, and parts of the counties of
Carroll, Jefferson, and Stark. in Ohio, to the regulated area. This action is con-
sidered necessary because of the establishment of the Japanese beetle in these
areas. Additional infested territory in Maine, Maryland, New York, Vermont,
Virginia, and West Virginia, also is added to the previously regulated areas in
these States.
Some outlying areas where Japanese beetle infestations have been found are
not included because of assurance from the States concerned that adequate
measures will be taken to prevent the spread of the pest from these areas.
Shippers of fruits and vegetables will be interested in a change in the regula-
tions which requires certification of such produce when shipped interstate dur-
ing the period June 15 to October 15, inclusive from other portions of the regu-
lated area to Brewer and Waterville, Maine: Buffalo, N. Y., or to the other
regulated parts of Erie County, N. Y.; Cleveland, Columbus, and Toledo, Ohio;
Burlington, Vt.; and Parkersburg, W. Va. No restrict ions, however, are placed
on the interstate movement of iny fruits or vegetables from these outlying
portions of the regulated area.

REVISION OF QUARANTINE AND REGULATIONS

I NTIROUCTORY NOTE

An important change in the following revision of the Japanese beetle quaran-
tine is the inclusion in the regulated area of the cities of Cleveland, Columbus,
and Toledo in Ohio, as well as the entire counties of Columbiana and Mahoning,
and parts of the counties of Carroll, Jefferson. :tind Stark, in the same State.
This action is considered necessary because of the establishment of the Jap-
anese beetle therein. Additional infested territory in the States of Maine,
Maryland, New York, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia, was also added to
the previously regulated areas in such States. Some outlying areas where
Japanese beetle infestations have been found are not included in the regulated
area because of assurance from the States concerned that adequate measures
will be taken to prevent the spread of the pest therefrom.
Under section A, paragraph (b) of regulation 5, as revised, a certificate is
required for the interstate movement of restricted fruits and vegetables from
June 15 to October 15, inclusive, from other portions of the regulated area to
Brewer and Waterville, Maine; Buffalo, N. Y., or to the other regulated parts of
Erie County, N. Y.; Cleveland, Columbus, and Toledo, Ohio; Burlington, Vt.; and
Parkersburg, W. Va. No restrictions are, however, placed on the interstate
movement of any fruits or vegetables from these outlying portions of the
regulated area.
SUMMARY

Unless a certificate or permit has been issued, these regulations as now re-
vised prohibit the interstate shipment of green corn on the cob, beans in the
pod, bananas in entire bunches or in clusters of 25 or more, apples, peaches,
blackberries, blueberries, huckleberries, or raspberries from the regulated areas,
and also prohibit (unless a certificate or permit has been issued) the interstate
movement of all fruits and vegetables by refrigerator car or motortruck from
the District of Columbia, the State of Delaware. and parts of the States of
Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. Refrigerator cars used for
loading fruits and vegetables, other than onions and potatoes, in such area must,
prior to loading, be cleaned by the common carrier and kept tightly closed and
sealed during the interval between cleaning and loading. Onions and potatoes.






4 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE (Jan.-March

must be fumigated in the car when such action is deemed necessary by the In-
spector, and doors and hatches of the cars must be closed or screened. For
other details and exceptions see regulation 5.
The regulations also prohibit the interstate shipment of plants, sand, soil,
earth, peat, compost, and manure from any part of the regulated areas to or
through any outside point throughout the year unless a Federal permit or cer-
tificate has been secured. Portions of plants and cut flowers are restricted to
interstate movement only between June 15 and October 15, inclusive. For de-
tails and exceptions see regulations 6 and 7.
The regulated areas include the District of Columbia, the entire States of
Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and Rhode Island, and
parts of the States of Maine, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia. The boundaries are
shown in regulation 3.
These regulations also place certain restrictions to protect restricted articles
from infestation while in transit, require thorough cleaning of vehicles and con-
tainers which have been used in transporting restricted products, and provide
other safeguards and conditions as provided in regulations 8 to 13, inclusive.
To secure permits and certificates, address the Bureau of Entomology and
Plant Quarantine, Glenwood Avenue and Henry Street, Bloomfield, N. J., or
the nearest branch office listed in the appendix.
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


NOTICE OF QUARANTINE NO. 48 (TWELFTH REVISION)
[Approved Mar. 1, 1937; effective Mar. 1, 1937]

I, H. A. Wallace, Secretary of Agriculture, have determined that it is neces-
sary to quarantine the States of Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Mas-
sachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode
Island, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia, and the District of Columbia,
to prevent the spread of the Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newm.), a
dangerous insect new to and not heretofore widely prevalent or distributed
within and throughout the United States.
Now, therefore, under authority conferred by section 8 of the Plant Quaran-
tine Act of August 20, 1912 (37 Stat. 315), as amended by the act of Congress
approved March 4, 1917 (39 Stat. 1134, 1165), and having duly given the public
hearing required thereby, I do quarantine the said States of Connecticut, Dela-
ware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New
York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia,
and the District of Columbia, effective on and after March 1, 1937. Hereafter,
under the authority of said act of August 20, 1912, amended as aforesaid (1)
fruits and vegetables; (2) nursery, ornamental, and greenhouse stock, and
other plants; and (3) sand, soil, earth, peat, compost, and manure shall not
be shipped, offered for shipment to a common carrier, received for transporta-
tion or transported by a common carrier, or carried, transported, moved, or
allowed to be moved from any of said quarantined States or District into or
through any other State or Territory or District of the United States in manner
or method or under conditions other than those prescribed in the rules and
regulations hereinafter made and amendments thereto: Provided, That the
restrictions of this quarantine and of the rules and regulations supplemental
thereto may be limited to the areas in a quarantined State now, or which may
hereafter be, designated by the Secretary of Agriculture as regulated areas
when in the judgment of the Secretary of Agriculture the enforcement of the
aforesaid rules and regulations as to such regulated areas shall be adequate to
prevent the spread of the Japanese beetle: Provided further, That such limi-
tations shall be conditioned upon the said State providing for and enforcing
such control measures with respect to such regulated areas as in the judgment
of the Secretary of Agriculture shall be deemed adequate to prevent the spread
of the Japanese beetle therefrom to other parts of the State: And provided
further. That certain articles classed as restricted herein may, because of the
nature of their growth or production or their manufactured or processed condi-
tion, be exempted by administrative instructions issued by the Chief of the





1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 5

Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine when in his judgment such
articles are considered innocuous as carriers of infestation.
Done at the city of Washington this 1st day of March 1937.
Witness my hand and the seal of the United States Department of Agri-
culture.
[SEAL] H. A. WALLACE,
Secretary of Agriculture.


RULES AND REGULATIONS (FIFTEENTH REVISION) SUPPLEMENTAL TO NOTICE
OF QUARANTINE NO. 48
[Approved Mar. 1, 1937; effective Mar. 1, 1937]
REGULATION 1. DEFINITIONS

For the purpose of these regulations the following words, names, and terms
shall be construed, respectively, to mean:
(a) Japanese beetle.-The insect known as the Japanese beetle (Popillia
japonica Newm.), in any stage of development.
(b) The terms "infested", "infestation", and the like relate to infestation
with the Japanese beetle.
(c) Quarantined area.-Any State or District quarantined by the Secretary
of Agriculture to prevent the spread of the Japanese beetle.
(d) Regulated area.-Any area in a quarantined State or District which is
now or which may hereafter be designated as such by the Secretary of Agri-
culture in accordance with the provisos to Notice of Quarantine No. 48, as
revised.
(e) Fruits and vegetables.-For the list of restricted fruits and vegetables
see regulation 5.
(f) Nursery and ornamental stock.-Nursery, ornamental, and greenhouse-
stock and all other plants, plant roots, cut flowers, or other portions of plants..
(g) Sand, soil, earth, peat, compost, and manure.-Sand, soil, earth, peat,.
compost, or manure of any kind and as to either bulk movement or in con-
nection with farm products or nursery and ornamental stock.
(h) Certified sand, soil, earth, peat, compost and manure.-Sand, soil, earth,
peat, compost, or manure determined by the inspector as uninfested and so
certified.
(i) Certified greenhouse.-A greenhouse or similar establishment which has
complied to the satisfaction of the inspector with the conditions imposed in
regulation 6. This term may apply also to potting beds, heeling-in areas,
hotbeds, coldframes, or similar plots or to storage houses, packing sheds, or
stores treated or otherwise safeguarded in manner and method satisfactory
to the inspector.
(i) Inspector.-An inspector of the United States Department of Agriculture.
(k) Moved or allowed to be moved interstate.-Shipped, offered for shipment
to a common carrier, received for transportation or transported by a common
carrier, or carried, transported, moved, or allowed to be moved from one State
or Territory or District of the United States into or through any other State
or Territory or District.
Regulation 2. Limitation of Restrictions to Regulated Areas

REGULATION 2. LIMITATION OF RESTRICTIONS TO REGULATED AREAS

Conditioned upon the compliance on the part of the State concerned with
the provisos to Notice of Quarantine No. 48 (twelfth revision), the restrictions
provided in these regulations on the interstate movement of plants and plant
products and other articles enumerated in said notice of quarantine will be
limited to such movement from the areas in such State now or hereafter desig-
nated by the Secretary of Agriculture as regulated areas.

REGULATION 3. REGULATED AREAS

In accordance with the provisos to Notice of Quarantine No. 48 (twelfth
revision), the Secretary of Agriculture designates as regulated areas for the
purpose of these regulations the States, District, counties, townships, towns,



i






6 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-Marcb

cities, election districts, and magisterial districts listed below, including all
cities, towns, boroughs, or other political subdivisions within their limits:
Conncuticut.-The entire State.
Dela ware.-The entire State.
District of Columbia.-The entire District.
Maine.-County of York; towns of Auburn and Lewiston, in Androscoggin
County; towns of Cape Elizabeth, Gorham, Gray, New Gloucester, Raymond,
Scarboro, Standish, and the cities of Portland, South Portland. Westbrook, and
Windham, in Cumberland County; the city of Waterville, in Kennebec County;
and the city of Brewer, in Penobscot County.
Maryland.-Counties of Cecil, Kent, Queen Annes, Somerset, and Worcester;
the city of Baltimore; the city of Cumberland, the town of Frostburg, and
election districts nos. 4, 5, 6, 7, 11, 12, 14, 22. 23, 24, 26, 29, 31, and 32, in Alle-
gany County; the city of Annapolis and election districts nos. 3, 4, and 5, in
Anne Arundel County; election districts nos. 1, 2, 3, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15,
and that portion of election district no. 8 lying south of Shawan, Beaver Dam
and Sherwood Roads, in Baltimore County.: all of Caroline County except elec-
tion districts of Ilillsboro (no. 6), American Corners (no. 8), and Preston
(no. 4) ; the city of Westminster, and election district of Freedom (no. 5), in
Carroll County; election districts of White Plains and La Plata, in Charles
County; election district of Cambridge (no. 7), in Dorchester County; election
districts of Frederick (no. 2), New Market (no. 9). Petersville (no. 12), and
Brunswick (no. 25), in Frederick County; County of Harford, except election
district of Marshall (no. 4) ; election districts of Elkridge (no. 1), Ellicott
City (no. 2), and election district of West Friendship (no. 3), in Howard
County, and the right-of-way of United States Highway No. 1 through the
election district of Guilford (no. 6) in said county; all of Prince Georges County
except the election districts of Nottingham and Aquasco: that part of Mont-
gomery County located within the established boundaries of the so-called
"Wasihington Suburban Sanitary District"; towns of Easton and Oxford, in
Talbot County; election districts of Sharpsburg (no. 1), Williamsport (no. 2),
Hagerstown (nos. 3, 17, 21, 22, 24, and 25), Leitersburg (no. 9), Sandy Hook
(no. 11), and Halfway (no. 26), in Washington County; election districts of
Pittsburg (no. 4), Parsons (no. 5), Dennis (no. 6), Trappe (no. 7), Nutters
(no. 8), Salisbury (no. 9), Delmar (no. 11), Camden (no. 13), Willards (no. 14),
and Fruitland (no. 16), in Wicomico County.
Massachusetts.-The entire State.
New Hampshire.-Counties of Belknap, Cheshire, Hillsboro, Merrimack, Rock-
ingham, Strafford, and Sullivan: towns of Brookfield, Eaton, Effingham, Free-
dom, Madison, Moultonboro, Ossipee, Sandwich, Tamworth, Tuftonboro, Wake-
field, and Wolfeboro, in Carroll County; towns of Alexandria, Ashland, Bridge-
water, Bristol, Canaan, Dorchester, Enfield, Grafton, Croton, Hanover, Hebron,
Holderness, Lebanon, Lyme, Orange, and Plymouth, in Grafton County.
New Jersey.-The entire State.
New York.-Counties of Albany, Bronx, Broome, Chemung, Chenango, Colum-
bia, Cortland, Delaware, Dutchess, Fulton, Greene, Kings, Madison, Montgom-
ery, Nassau, New York, Oneida, Onondaga, Orange, Otsego, Putnam, Queens,
Rensseiaer, Richmond, Saratoga, Schenectady, Schoharie, Suffolk, Sullivan,
Tioga, Ulster, Rockland, Washington, and Westchester; towns of Red House
and Salamanca, and the city of Salamanca, in Cattaraugus County; towns of
Tonawanda, Amherst. and Cheektowaga, and the cities of Buffalo and Lacka-
wanna, in Eric County; towns of Columbia, Danube. Fairfield, Frankfort, Ger-
man Flats, Herkimer, Litchfield, Little Falls, Manheim, Newport, Salisbury,
Schuyler, Stark, Warren, and Winfield. and the city of Little Falls, in Herki-
mer County; towns of Caton, Corning, and Hornby, and the city of Corning,
in Steuben County: towns of Caroline, Danby. Dryden, and Ithaca, and the
city of Ithaca, in Tom pkins County;: towns of Luzerne and Queensbury and
the city of Glens Falls, in Warren County.
Ohio.-Counties of Columbiana and Mahoning; townships of Augusta, Brown,
and East, in Carroll County; the city of Cleveland, in Cuyahoga County; the
city of Columbus, in Franklin County; townships of Cross Creek. Island Creek,
Knox, Saline, Steubenville, and Wells, and the city of Steubenville, in Jefferson
County; the city of Toledo, in Lucas County; townships of Bethlehem, Canton,
Jackson, Nimishillen, Osnaburg, Paris. Perry. Pike, Plain, Sandy, and Wash-
ington, and the city of Canton, in Stark County.





19371 SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 7


Pennsylvania.-The entire State, except Crawford, Erie, Forest, Mercer,
Venango, and Warren Counties, Mercer Township, in Butler County, and Ash-
land, Beaver, Elk, Richland (including boroughs of Foxburg and St. Peters-
burg), Salem, and Washington Townships, in Clarion County.
Rhode Island.-The entire State.
Vermont.-Counties of Bennington, Rutland, Windham, and Windsor; and the
town of Burlington, in Chittenden County.
Virginia.-Counties of Accomac, Arlington, Culpeper, Elizabeth City, Fair-
fax, Fauquier, Henrico, Loudoun, Norfolk, Northampton, Prince William, and
Stafford; magisterial districts of Dale and Manchester, in Chesterfield County;
magisterial district of Sleepy Hole, in Nansemond County; magisterial district
of Kempsville, in Princess Anne County; Camp Stuart, in Warwick County;
and the cities of Alexandria, Fredericksburg, Hampton, Newport News, Norfolk,
Portsmouth, Richmond, South Norfolk, and Suffolk.
West Virginia.-Counties of Hancock. Harrison, Marion, Monongalia, and
Taylor; town -of Keyser and district of Frankfort, in Mineral County; and the
city of Parkersburg, in Wood County.

REGULATION 4. EXTENSION OR REDUCTION OF REGULATED AREAS

The regulated areas designated in regulation 3 may be extended or reduced
as may be found advisable by the Secretary of Agriculture. Due notice of any
extension or reduction and the areas affected thereby will be given in writing
to the transportation companies doing business in or through the States in
which such areas are located and by publication in one or more newspapers
selected by the Secretary of Agriculture within the States in which the areas
affected are located.

REGULATION 5. RESTRICTIONS ON THE MOVEMENT OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

SECTION A. CONTROL OF MOVEMENT

(1) Unless a certificate or permit shall have been issued therefor, by an
inspector, except as provided in paragraphs (a) to (e), inclusive, of this
section:
(i) No green corn on the cob, beans in the pod, bananas in entire bunches or
in clusters of 25 or more, apples, peaches, blackberries, blueberries, huckleberries,
or raspberries shall be moved or allowed to be moved interstate from any
regulated area to or through any point outside thereof; and (ii) no fruits and
vegetables of any kind shall be moved or allowed to be moved interstate via
refrigerator car or motortruck from the District, counties, or city listed below
to or through any point outside of the regulated areas:
Delaware.-The entire State.
District of Columnbia.-The entire District.
Maryland.-County of Cecil and the city of Baltimore.
New Jersey.-Counties of Atlantic, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumber-
land, Gloucester, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, Salem,
Somerset, and Union.
Pennsylvania.-Counties of Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and
Philadelphia.
Virginia.-County of Arlington.
(a) No restrictions are placed on the interstate movement of .fruits and
vegetables between October 16 and June 14, inclusive.
(b) No certificate will be required for the interstate movement of fruits and
vegetables on a through bill of lading either from an area not under regulation
through a regulated area to another nonregulated area, or from a regulated
area through a nonregulated area to another regulated area, except that a cer-
tificate is required for interstate movement to Brewer and Waterville, Maine;
Buffalo, N Y., or to the other regulated parts of Erie County, N. Y.; Cleveland,
Columbus, and Toledo, Ohio; Burlington, Vt.; and Parkersburg, W. Va. No
restrictions are placed on the interstate movement of fruits and vegetables
from Brewer and Waterville, Maine; Buffalo, N. Y., or from other parts of
Erie County, N. Y.; Cleveland, Columbus, and Toledo, Ohio; Burlington, Vt.;
and Parkersburg, W. Va.






8 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-March

(c) No restrictions are placed on the interstate movement of fruits or vege-
tables when they shall have been manufactured or processed in such a manner
that in the judgment of the inspector no infestation could be transmitted.
(d) No restrictions are placed on the interstate movement of any shipments
of apples or peaches of less than 15 pounds to the shipment, or of bananas other
than in entire bunches or in clusters of 25 or more.
(e) No restrictions are placed on the interstate movement of commercially
packed apples in any quantity, except those moving via refrigerator cars or
motor vehicles from the District, counties, or city listed in this section.
(2) No restrictions are placed on the interstate .shipment from the regulated
areas of fruits and vegetables other than those mentioned above, except that
any such interstate shipments of fruits and vegetables may be inspected by
inspectors at any time or place inside or outside the regulated areas and when
actually found to involve danger of dissemination of Japanese beetle to unin-
fested localities, measures to eliminate infestation may be required as a
condition of further transportation or delivery.

SECTION B. CONDITIONS OF CERTIFICATION

Certificates may be issued for the interstate movement of fruits and vegeta-
bles to points outside the regulated areas between June 15 and October 15,
inclusive, under one of the following conditions:
(1) When the fruits and vegetables, moving from a point in the regulated
area other than the District, counties, or city listed in paragraph 1, (ii), of this
regulation, or moving from such designated District, counties, or city other than
by refrigerator car, have actually been inspected by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture and found free from infestation. The number of inspection
points for such certification will be limited and their location determined by
shipping needs and further conditioned on the establishment at such points of
provisions satisfactory to the inspector for the handling and safeguarding of
such shipments during inspection. Such inspection may be discontinued and
certification withheld by the inspector during periods of general or unusual
flight of the beetles.
(2) When the fruits and vegetables have been handled or treated under the
supervision of an inspector in manner and by method to free them from any
infestation.
(3) When the fruits and vegetables have originated outside of the regulated
areas and are to be reshipped directly from freight yards, transfer points, or
unloading docks within such areas, under provisions satisfactory to the in-
spector for the safeguarding of such shipments pending certification and reship-
ment. Certificates on this basis will be issued without inspection only in cases
where, in the judgment of the inspector, the shipments concerned have not been
exposed to infestation while within such freight yards, transfer points, or
unloading docks.
(4) When the fruits and vegetables were grown in districts where the fact
has been established to the satisfaction of the inspector that no infestation
exists and are to be shipped directly from the farms where grown to points
outside the regulated areas, or are shipped from infested districts where the
fact has been established to the satisfaction of the inspector that the Japanese
beetle has not begun or has ceased its flight.
(5) When the fruits and vegetables, other than onions and potatoes. moving
via refrigerator car from the District, counties, or city listed in paragraph 1,
(ii), of this regulation, have been inspected and loaded in a manner to prevent
infestation, in a refrigerator car with closed or adequately screened doors and
hatches, which car prior to loading has been determined by an inspector as
thoroughly swept and cleaned by the common carrier in a manner to rid it of
infestation. During the interval between cleaning and loading such refrigerator
car must be tightly closed and sealed.
(6) When the onions or potatoes moving via refrigerator car from the Dis-
trict, counties, or city listed in this regulation have been fumigated in the
car, when deemed necessary in the judgment of the inspector, and when the
doors and hatches of the car have been tightly closed or adequately screened
under the supervision of an inspector.




















I5







JAPANESE BEETLE
QUARANTI NE

REGULATED AREA
io"EFFECTIVE MARCH 1,1937

NUMBERS INDICATE OUTLYING C(TIES
UNDER REGULATION AS FOLLOWS:
I Toledo, Ohito
2 Columbus, Ohio
3 Cleveland, Ohio
4 Parkersburg, W.Va.
5SfBuffelo, N.Y
Lackawanna, N.Y.
6 Burlin &gn, V+.
_7 Waterv ille, Maine
8 Brewer( Maine aw
145199-37 (Face p. 8)






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS g

REGULATION 6. RESTRICTIONS ON THE MOVEMENT OF NURSERY AND
ORNAMENTAL STOCK

SECTION A. CONTROL OF MOVEMENT

Nursery and ornamental stock shall not be moved or allowed to be moved
interstate from the regulated areas to or through any point outside thereof,
unless a certificate or permit shall have been issued therefor by the inspector,
except as follows:
(1) True bulbs, corms, and tubers, when dormant, except for storage growth,
and when free from soil, are exempt from the requirement of certification,
except that this exemption does not apply to dahlia tubers.
(2) No restrictions are placed on the interstate movement of nursery and
ornamental stock imported from foreign countries when reshipped from the
port of entry in the unopened original container and labeled as to each con-
tainer with a copy certificate of the country from which it was exported, a
statement of the general nature and quantity of the contents, the name and
address of the consignee, and the country and locality where grown.
(3) No restrictions are placed on the interstate movement between October
16 and June 14, inclusive, of cut flowers, and of portions of plants without roots
and free from soil (such as branches and twigs of trees and shrubs, scions,
Christmas trees, holly, laurel, sphagnum moss, and parts of submerged aquatic
plants without roots).
(4) No certificate or permit will be required for the interstate movement of
nursery and ornamental stock when transported by a common carrier on a
through bill of lading either from an area not under regulation through a
regulated area, or from a regulated area through a nonregulated area to another
regulated area.

SECTION B. CONDITIONS GOVERNING THE ISSUANCE OF CERTIFICATES
AND PERMITS

For the purpose of certification of nursery and ornamental stock, nurseries,
greenhouses, and other premises concerned in the movement of such stock
will be classified as follows:
(1) Class I.-Nurseries, greenhouses, and other premises concerned in the
movement of nursery and ornamental stock on or within approximately 500
feet of which no infestation has been found may be classified as class I. Upon
compliance with the requirements of subsection (6) of this section, nursery
and ornamental stock may be certified by the inspector for shipment from such
premises without further inspection, and without meeting the safeguards pre-
scribed as a condition of interstate shipment of plants originating in nurseries
or greenhouses of class III.
(2) Class III.-(a) Nurseries, greenhouses, and other premises concerned in
the movement of nursery and ornamental stock on which either grubs in the
soil or one or more beetles have been found, will be classified as class III. Such
classification also may be given to nurseries, etc., in localities known to be gen-
erally infested where one or more beetles or grubs are found in the immediate
proximity (within approximately 500 feet) of such nurseries, etc., on adjacent
property or properties. In the case of nursery properties, under single owner-
ship and management, but represented by parcels of land widely separated,
such parcels may be independently classified either as class I or class III upon
compliance with such conditions and safeguards as shall be required by the
inspector. Similarly, unit nursery properties, which would otherwise fall in
class III, may be open to subdivision, for the purpose of rating such sub-
divisions in classes I or III when, in the judgment of the inspector, such
action is warranted by recent and scanty infestation limited to a portion of
the nursery concerned: Provided, That the subdivision containing the infesta-
tion shall be clearly marked by boundaries of a permanent nature which shall
be approximately 500 feet beyond the point where the infestation occurs.
(b) Upon compliance with subsections (3) and (6) of this section, nursery
and ornamental stock may be certified by the inspector for shipment from such
premises under any one of the following conditions: (i) That the roots shall
be treated by means approved by the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quar-
antine in manner and by method satisfactory to the inspector; or (ii) in the
case of plants in which the root system is such that a thorough inspection






10 BURIEAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-March

may be made, that the soil shall be entirely removed from the stock by shaking
or washing, or (iii) that it shall be shown by evidence satisfactory to the
inspector that the plants concerned were produced in a certified greenhouse.
(3) Greenhouses of class III may be certified upon compliance with all the
following conditions with respect to the greenhouses themselves and to all
potting beds, heeling-in areas, hotbeds, coldframes, and similar plots:
(a) Ventilators, doors, and all other openings in greenhouses or coldframes
on premises in class III shall be kept screened in manner satisfactory to the
inspector during the period of flight of the beetle, namely, south of the north-
ern boundaries of Maryland and Delaware between June 1 and October 1, inclu-
sive, or north thereof between June 15 and October 15, inclusive.
(b) Prior to introduction into nurseries or greenhouses, sand, soil, earth,
peat, compost, or manure taken from infested locations or which may have
been exposed to infestation, must be sterilized or fumigated under the direc-
tion and supervision of, and in manner and by method satisfactory to the
inspector. If such treated sand, soil, earth, peat, compost, or manure is not
to be immediately used in such greenhouses, it must be protected from possible
infestation in manner and by method satisfactory to the inspector.
(c) All potted plants placed in certified greenhouses of class III and all
potted plants to be certified for interstate movement therefrom (i) shall be
potted in certified soil; (ii) shall, if grown outdoors south of the northern
boundaries of Maryland and Delaware at any time between June 1 and
October 1, inclusive, or north thereof at any time between June 15 and October
15, inclusive, be kept in screened frames while outdoors; (iii) shall, if grown
outdoors during any part of the year, be placed in beds in which the soil or
other material shall have been treated in manner and by method approved by
the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine to eliminate infestation; and
(ir) shall comply with such other safeguards as may be required by the
inspector.
(4) Cut flowers and other parts of plants without roots or soil may be certi-
fied for movement either (a) when they have been inspected by an inspector
and found free from infestation, or (b) when they have been grown in a green-
house of class I or in a certified greenhouse of class III and are transported
under such safeguards as will in the judgment of the inspector prevent infesta-
tion. (See also sec. A (3) of this regulation.)
(5) Nursery and ornamental stock originating on or moved from unclassi-
fied premises may be certified by the inspector under either one of the following
conditions: (a) That the soil shall be entirely removed from the stock, (b) that
the roots shall be treated by means approved by the Bureau of Entomology
and Plant Quarantine in manner and by method satisfactory to the inspector,
or (c) that it shall be shown by evidence satisfactory to the inspector that
the accompanying soil was obtained at such points and under such condi-
tions that in his judgment no infestation could exist therein.
(6) Nurserymen, florists, dealers, and others, in order to maintain their
classified status, (a) shall restrict their purchases or receipts of nursery and
ornamental stock, sand, soil, earth, peat, compost, and manure within the regu-
lated area to articles which have been certified under these regulations as to
each such article and the said certificate shall accompany the articles when
moved; (b) shall obtain approval of the inspector before such articles are
received on their premises or moved from the open on their own premises into
certified greenhouses; and (c) shall also report immediately in writing all
purchases or receipts of such articles secured from within the regulated area.
Nurserymen, florists, dealers, and others whose premises are classified as
class III shall, in addition, report immediately on forms provided for that
purpose all their sales or shipments of such articles both to points outside
the regulated areas and to other classified nurseries or greenhouses within the
regulated areas. Certification may be denied to any person who has omitted to
make the report or reports required by this regulation, and such denial of
certification shall continue until the information so omitted has been supplied.
(7) Nursery and ornamental stock imported from foreign countries and not
reshipped from the port of entry in the unopened original container may be
certified for movement under these regulations when such stock has been
inspected by an inspector and found free from infestation.
(8) Nursery and ornamental stock originating outside the regulated areas
and certified stock originating in classified nurseries or greenhouses may be
certified for reshipment from premises other than those on which they orig-






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 11

inated, under provisions satisfactory to the inspector for the safeguarding
of such stock from infestation at the point of reshipment and en route, and,
when found advisable by the inspector, after reinspection and determination of
freedom from infestation.

REGULATION 7. RESTRICTIONS ON THE MOVEMENT OF SAND, SOIL, EARTH, PEAT,
COMPOST, AND MANURE

SECTION A. CONTROL OF MOVEMENT

Sand, soil, earth, peat, compost, and manure shall not be moved or allowed to
be moved interstate from any point in the regulated areas to or through any
point outside thereof unless a certificate or permit shall have been issued
therefor by the inspector, except as follows:
(1) No restrictions are placed on the interstate movement of sand for con-
struction purposes, nor of "bird gravel", "bird sand", or ground, dried, im-
ported peat in packages of 5 pounds or less to the package.
(2) No restrictions are placed on the interstate movement of sand, soil,
earth, peat, compost, and manure imported from foreign countries when
reshipped from the port of entry in the unopened original container and labeled
as to each container with the country of origin, and when the shipment is
further protected in manner or method satisfactory to the inspector.
(3) No certificate will be required for the interstate movement of sand, soil,
earth, peat, compost, and manure when transported by a common carrier on a
through bill of lading either from an area not under regulation through a
regulated area, or from a regulated area through a nonregulated area to an-
other regulated area.

SECTION B. CONDITIONS OF CERTIFICATION

Certificates for the movement of sand, soil, earth, peat, compost, and manure
may be issued under any one of the following conditions:
(1) When the articles to be moved have originated in districts included inf
the regulated area, but in which neither beetles nor grubs in soil have been
found.
(2) When the material consists of fresh manure or of mined, dredged, or
other similar materials, and it has been determined by an inspector that no
infestation could exist therein.
(3) When the material has been removed, under the supervision of an inspec-
tor, from a depth of more than 12 inches below the surface of the ground and
either (a) is to be moved between October 16 and June 14, inclusive, or (b) is
loaded and shipped at points where it has been determined by an inspector
that no general infestation of adult beetles exists, or (c) when the cars and
loading operations are protected by screening under the direction of and in
manner and by method satisfactory to the inspector.
(4) When the material has been fumigated with carbon disulphide or other-
wise treated under the supervision of and in manner and by method satis-
factory to the inspector. Such fumigation or treatment will be required as a
condition of certification of all sand, soil, earth, peat, compost, and manure,
except such as is loaded and shipped in compliance with paragraphs (1), (2),
or (3) hereof.

REGULATION 8. CONDITIONS GOVERNING THE PROTECTION OF RESTRICTED ARTICLES
FROM INFESTATION WHILE IN TRANSIT

Fruits and vegetables, nursery and ornamental stock, and sand, soil, earth,
peat, compost, and manure, moving interstate from or through the regulated
areas to points outside thereof between June 15 and October 15, inclusive,
shall at all times while they are in the regulated areas be screened, covered,
or otherwise protected in manner or method satisfactory to the inspector
for safeguarding the articles from infestation.
Trucks or other road vehicles transporting restricted articles may be sealed
by the inspector at the point of inspection and all such seals shall remain
intact as long as the vehicle is en route within the regulated area.






12 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [an.-Mar

REGULATION 9. MARKING AND CERTIFICATION A CONDITION OF INTERSTATE
TRANSPORTATION

(a) Every car, vehicle, box, basket, or other container of the articles listed,
the interstate movement of which is restricted in regulations 5, 6, and 7, shall
be plainly marked with the name and address of the consignor and the name
and address of the consignee, and shall have securely attached to the outside
thereof a valid certificate or permit issued in compliance with these regula-
tions. In the case of lot shipments by freight, one certificate attached to one
of the containers and another certificate attached to the waybill will be
sufficient.
(b) In the case of bulk carload shipments by rail, the certificate shal
accompany the waybill, conductor's manifest, memorandum, or bill of lading
pertaining to such shipment and in addition each car shall have securely
attached to the outside thereof a placard showing the number of the certifi-
cate or certificates accompanying the waybill.
(c) In the case of shipment by road vehicle, the certificates shall accom-
pany the vehicle.
(d) Certificates shall be surrendered to the consignee upon delivery of the
shipment.

REGULATION 10. GENERAL CONDITIONS GOVERNING INSPECTION AND ISSUANCE OF
CERTIFICATES AND PERMITS

(a) Persons intending to move or allow to be moved interstate any of the
articles the movement of which is restricted in regulations 5, 6, and 7, shall
make application for inspection and certification as far as possible in advance
of the probable date of shipment, specifying in the application the article and
quantity to be shipped, method of shipment, name and address of the con-
signor, and name and address of the consignee.
(b) Applicants for inspection will be required to assemble the articles at such
points as the inspector shall designate and so to place them that inspection
may readily be made; if not so placed, inspection may be refused. All charges
for storage, cartage, and labor incident to inspection, other than the services of
the inspector, shall be paid by the shipper.
(c) Certificates and permits shall be used in connection with the transporta-
tion of only those articles intended to be covered thereby.
(d) Where the apparent absolute freedom from infestation of any of the
articles enumerated cannot be determined by the inspector, certification will
be refused.
(e) Permits may be issued for the interstate movement of restricted articles
by truck or other road vehicle from a regulated area through a nonregulated
area to another regulated area.

REGULATION 11. CANCELATION OF CERTIFICATES

Certificates issued under these regulations may be withdrawn or canceled
by the inspector and further certification refused, either for any failure of com-
pliance with the conditions of these regulations or violation of them, or when-
ever in the judgment of the inspector the further use of such certificates might
result in the dissemination of infestation.

REGULATION 12. INSPECTION IN TRANSIT

Any car, vehicle, basket, box, or other container moved interstate or offered
to a common carrier for shipment interstate, which contains or which the
inspector has probable cause to believe contains either infested articles or
articles the movement of which is prohibited or restricted by these regulations,
shall be subject to inspection by an inspector at any time or place.

REGULATION 13. THOROUGH CLEANING REQUIRED OF TRUCKS, WAGONS, CARS, BOATS,
AND OTHER VEHICLES AND CONTAINERS BEFORE MOVING INTERSTATE

Trucks, wagons, cars, boats, and other vehicles and containers which have
been used in transporting any article covered by these regulations within the






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 13

regulated areas shall not thereafter be moved or allowed to be moved inter-
state until they have been thoroughly swept and cleaned by the carrier at the
point of unloading or destination.

REGULATION 14. SHIPMENTS BY THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Articles subject to restriction in these regulations may be moved interstate
by the United States Department of Agriculture for experimental or scientific
purposes, on such conditions and under such safeguards as may be prescribed
by the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. The container of articles
so moved shall bear, securely attached to the outside thereof, an identifying
tag from the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine showing compliance
with such conditions.
These revised rules and regulations shall be effective on and after March 1,
1937, and shall supersede the rules and regulations promulgated March 7, 1936.
Done at the city of Washington this 1st day of March 1937.
Witness my hand and the seal of the United States Department of
Agriculture.
[SEAL] H. A. WALLACE,
Secretary of Agriculture.

APPENDIX

PENALTIES

The Plant Quarantine Act of August 20, 1912 (37 Stat. 315), as amended,
provides that no person shall ship or offer for shipment to any common carrier,
nor shall any common carrier receive for transportation or transport, nor shall
any person carry or transport from any quarantined State or Territory or
District of the United States, or from any quarantined portion thereof, into or
through any other State or Territory or District, any class of nursery stock
or any other class of plants, fruits, vegetables, roots, bulbs, seeds, * *
or any other article * specified in the notice of quarantine * *
in manner or method or under conditions other than those prescribed by the
Secretary of Agriculture. It also provides that any person who shall violate
any of the provisions of this act, or who shall forge, counterfeit, alter, deface,
or destroy any certificate provided for in this act or in the regulations of the
Secretary of Agriculture shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall
upon conviction thereof be punished by a fine not exceeding $500, or by impris-
onment not exceeding 1 year, or both such fine and imprisonment, in the dis-
cretion of the court.
STATE AND FEDERAL INSPECTION

Certain of the quarantined States have promulgated or are about to pro-
mulgate quarantine regulations restricting intrastate movement supplemental
to the Federal quarantine. These State regulations are enforced in cooperation
with the Federal authorities. Copies of either the Federal or State quaran-
tine orders may be obtained by addressing the United States Department of
Agriculture, Glenwood Avenue and Henry Street, Bloomfield, N. J.
Subsidiary offices are maintained at the following locations.
Fourth Floor, Custom House, Boston, Mass.
Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, 123 Huntington Street, New
Haven, Conn.
Room 838, 641 Washington Street, New York, N. Y.
Room 200, 2507 James Street, Syracuse, N. Y.
P. 0. Box 1, Trenton, N. J., or Yardville Road, White Horse, N. J.
Kotler Building, Maine and High Streets, Glassboro, N. J.
Frankford Arsenal, Bridge and Tacony Streets, Frankford, Philadelphia, Pa.
Warehouse No. 4, General Depot, United States Army, New Cumberland, Pa.
Room 438-K, New Post Office Building, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Room 210, New Post Office Building, Dover, Del.
Room 306, Post Office Building, Calvert and Fayette Streets, Baltimore, Md.
Room 301, Salisbury Building & Loan Building, Main and Division Streets,
Salisbury, Md.






14 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE (Jan.-March

Office of County Agent, Court House, Hagerstown, Md.
Room 213, Broad-Grace Arcade Building, Richmond, Va.
Room 217, New Federal Building, Granby Street and Brambleton Avenue,
Norfolk, Va.
Arrangements may be made for inspection and certification of shipments
from the District of Columbia by calling District 6350, Branch 2589, the
inspection house of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Twelfth
Street and Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, D. C.

GENERAL OFFICES OF STATES COOPERATING

Department of Entomology, Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven,
Conn.
Board of Agriculture, Dover, Del.
State horticulturist, Augusta, Maine.
Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, Md.
Division of Plant Pest Control, Department of Agriculture, Statehouse,
Boston, Mass.
Deputy commissioner, Department of Agriculture, Durham, N. H.
Bureau of Plant Industry, Department of Agriculture, Trenton, N. J.
Bureau of Plant Industry, Department of Agriculture and Markets, Albany,
N. Y.
Bureau of Plant Industry, Department of Agriculture, Harrisburg, Pa.
Bureau of Entomology, Department of Agriculture, Statehouse, Providence,
R. I.
Entomologist, Department of Agriculture, Montpelier, Vt.
Division of Plant Industry, Department of Agriculture and Immigration,
Richmond, Va.
State entomologist, Department of Agriculture, Charleston, W. Va.
(Copies of the foregoing revision were sent to all common carriers doing business in or
through the quarantined areas.]


NOTICE TO GENERAL PUBLIO THROUGH NEWSPAPERS

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE,
Washington, D. C., March 1, 19T7.
Notice is hereby given that the Secretary of Agriculture. under authority
conferred on him by the Plant Quarantine Act of August 20, 1912 (37 Stat. 315),
as amended, has promulgated a revision of Notice of Quarantine No. 48
(Twelfth Revision), and of the revised rules and regulations supplemental
thereto (fifteenth revision), on account of the Japanese beetle, effective on and
after March 1, 1937.
The revision modifies the area regulated under the Japanese beetle regula-
tions by including the cities of Cleveland, Columbus, and Toledo, in the State
of Ohio, as well as the entire counties of Columbiana and Mahoning, and parts
of the counties of Carroll, Jefferson, and Stark, in the same State. Additional
infested territory in the States of Maine, Maryland, New York, Vermont,
Virginia, and West Virginia, was also added to the previously regulated areas
in such States.
Copies of the revision may be obtained from the Bureau of Entomology and
Plant Quarantine, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
H. A. WALLACE,
Secretary of Agriculture.
fPublished in the following newspapers: The Hartford Times, Hartford. Conn., Mar. 17,
1937; the Evening Journal, Wilmington, Del., Mar. 17, 1937; the Press-Herald, Portland,
Maine, Mar. 18, 1937; the Post, Boston, Mass., Mar. 18. 1937; the Sun, Baltimore. Md.,
Mar. 18, 1937; the Union, Manchester N. H. Mar. 18 1937; the News. Newark, N. J.,
Mar. 18, 1937; the Times, New -York, N. Y., Mar. 18, 1937: the Bulletin, Philadelphia,
Pa., Mar. 17. 137; the Bulletin, Providence, R. I., Mar. 17. 1937; the Free Press, Burling-
ton, Vt., Mar. 18, 1937; the News Leader, Richmond, Va.. Mar. 17, 1937: the Gazette,
Charleston, W. Va., Mar. 19, 1937; the Press Cleveland, Ohio, Mar. 18, 1937; and the
Evening Star, Washington, D. C., Mar. 18, 1937.]





19371 SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 15


ANNOUNCEMENT RELATING TO NURSERY STOCK, PLANT, AND SEED
QUARANTINE (NO. 37)
TREATMENT OF TULIPS, HYACINTHS, AND CERTAIN OTHER KNOWN HOSTS OF
THE BULB NEMATODE NOT TO BE REQUIRED

FEBRUARY 15, 1937.
A conference was held in Washington, D. C., on December 15, 1936, to con-
sider the desirability of requiring the treatment under the provisions of the
Nursery Stock, Plant, and Seed Quarantine No. 37, of all known bulb nema-
tode hosts intended for propagation and not at that time being treated as a con-
dition of entry. The evidence presented at the conference indicated that the
bulb nematode risk which accompanies the importation of most ornamental bulbs
which have been inspected in the country of origin, supplemented by inspection
at the port of entry in the United States, does not justify the requirement that
all known hosts to be treated as a condition of entry. No change in the require-
ments as to importation of narcissus bulbs is announced at this time.
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief of Bureau.


ANNOUNCEMENTS RELATING TO WHITE-PINE BLISTER RUST
QUARANTINE (NO. 63)
WHITE-PINE BLISTER RUST QUARANTINE REGULATIONS REVISED
[Press notice]
FEBRUARY 19, 1937.
A revision of the white-pine blister rust quarantine regulations, effective
March 1, was announced today by the Secretary of Agriculture.
The revision adds Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin to the list
of States which have established blister rust-control areas, in which both the
planting and possession of currant and gooseberry plants are prohibited under
State authority. States to which this provision previously applied are Con-
necticut, Idaho, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Michigan, New Hampshire.
New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The purpose of this provision is to
prevent the introduction of the alternate host plants of the disease (currant
and gooseberry plants) into the portions of the States where five-leafed pines
are of economic importance and from which such hosts have been or are being
removed.
Conditions under which Federal permits may be issued for the interstate
shipment of five-leafed pines from States where the blister rust is known to
be present, are modified so that such pines-which have not been raised from
the seedling stage under the rigid disease-free conditions previously pre-
scribed-may now be moved interstate when, in the judgment of the Bureau
of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, there is little or no risk of such pines
spreading the rust.
Regulations pertaining to five-leafed pines also are revised to prohibit their
interstate movement when visibly infected with the white-pine blister rust, un-
less such trees are shipped in a preservative or are authorized and labeled
under the provisions of regulation 7, which provides that such infected trees
may be shipped interstate by the United States Department of Agriculture for
experimental, educational, or scientific purposes under safeguards prescribed by
the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


REVISION OF REGULATIONS

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

The following revision of the white-pine blister rust quarantine regulations
adds Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin to the list of States which
have established blister rust control areas wherein both the planting and pos-
session of currant and gooseberry plants are prohibited under State authority.





16 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-aarc

The conditions under which Federal pine-shipping permits may be issued are
modified so that permits may be granted to authorize the interstate movement
of five-leafed pines which have not been raised from seed under ribes-free con-
ditions when in the judgment of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quaran-
tine there is little or no risk of such pines being involved in blister rust
infection.
The regulations pertaining to five-leafed pines are also revised to prohibit
their interstate movement when visibly infected with the white-pine blister rust
unless such trees are shipped in a preservative or are authorized and labeled
under the provisions of regulation 7.

SUMMARY

The infected States and District are designated as Connecticut, Idaho, Iowa,
Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hamp-
shire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Ver-
mont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and the District of
Columbia. (Regulation 1 (g).)

PINE SHIPMENTS

These regulations require a Federal pine-shipping permit (see regulation 2,
sec. A) for the shipment or transportation of five-leafed pines from any infected
State or District, except that in the case of shipments to or between the States
of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island,
and Vermont, a control-area permit secured from the proper officer of the State
of destination may, until further notice, be substituted for the Federal pine-
shipping permit.
Pine-shipping permits are issued for pines grown from seed in a nursery
which is protected from blister rust infection by a ribes-free zone around the
.premises. (See regulation 2, sec. B.)
Valid State nursery inspection certificates are also required as to all inter-
state movement of five-leafed pines in the United States.

CURRANT AND GOOSEBERRY SHIPMENTS

The interstate movement of European black currant plants (and plants of the
wild native western species known as Ribes bracteosum and R. Petiolare) is pro-
hibited except to and between the States of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida,
Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma,
South Dakota, and Texas. (See regulation 3-a.)
Currant and gooseberry plants shipped from any infected State or District
must be either dormant and defoliated or else dipped in lime-sulphur solution
(4.50 B.) immediately before shipment. (See regulation 3-b.)
The control-area provision is continued and is extended to Maryland, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. Under that requirement a control-area permit
must be secured from the State of destination for shipments of currant and
gooseberry plants into those States which have legally established areas in
which the growing of currant and gooseberry plants is prohibited. Such States
are Connecticut, Idaho, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota,
New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and
Wisconsin. (See regulation 3-c.)
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Qurantinc.


NOTICE OF QUARANTINE NO. 63
[Approved Aug. 27, 1926; effective Oct. 1, 1926; supersedes Quarantine No. 26 as amended,
and Quarantine No. 54 as extended]

I, C. F. Marvin, Acting Secretary of Agriculture, have determined that it is-
necessary to quarantine every State of the continental United States and the
District of Columbia, in order to prevent the spread of the white-pine blister rust
(Cronartium ribicola Fischer), a dangerous plant disease not heretofore widely
prevalent or distributed within and throughout the United States.





1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 17

Now, therefore, under authority conferred by the plant quarantine act of
August 20, 1912 (37 Stat. 315), as amended by the act of Congress approved
March 4, 1917 (39 Stat. 1134, 1165), and having duly given the public hearing
required thereby, I do quarantine every State in the continental United States
and the District of Columbia, effective on and after October 1, 1926. Hereafter,
under the authority of said act of August 20, 1912, amended as aforesaid, no
five-leafed pines (Pinus) or currant and gooseberry plants (Ribes and Grossu-
laria, including cultivated or wild or ornamental sorts) shall be moved or
allowed to be moved from any such State or from the District of Columbia into
or through any other State in the continental United States or the District
of Columbia, except in manner or method or under conditions prescribed in
the rules and regulations supplemental hereto and in amendments thereof:
Provided, That the restrictions of this quarantine and the rules and regulations
supplemental hereto may be limited to the areas in a quarantined State now
or hereafter designated by the Secretary of Agriculture as infected when said
State shall have provided for and enforced such control measures with respect
to su'ch designated areas as in the judgment of the Secretary of Agriculture
shall be deemed adequate to effect the control and prevent the spread of the
white-pine blister rust: Provided further, That for the enforcement of the
restrictions under this quarantine on the interstate movement of five-leafed
pines and currant and gooseberry plants, all interstate shipments of nursery
stock or other plants shall be subject to inspection at place of shipment or
destination or at any point en route by duly authorized inspectors of the
United States Department of Agriculture.
Done at the city of Washington this 27th day of August 1926.
Witness my hand and the seal of the United States Department of Agri-
culture.
[SEAL] C. F. MARVIN,
Acting Secretary of Agriculture.


REVISED RULES AND REGULATIONS SUPPLEMENTAL TO NOTICE OF QUARANTINE
NO. 63
[Approved Feb. 16, 1937; effective Mar. 1, 1937]

REGULATION 1. DEFINITIONS

For the purpose of these regulations the following words, names, and terms
shall be construed, respectively, to mean:
(a) White-pine blister rust, or blister rust.-The fungous disease caused by
Cronartium ribicola Fischer.
(b) Five-leafed pines.-Entire plants with roots, of the following species
belonging to the genus Pinus:
American species:
Ayacahuite pine (P. ayacahuite Ehrenb.).
Bristlecone pine (P. aristata Engelm.).
Foxtail pine (P. balfouriana Murr.).
Limber pine (P. flexilis James).
Mexican white pine (P. strobiformis Engelm.).
Sugar pine (P. lambertiana Dougl.).
Western white or silver pine (P. monticola D. Don).
Whitebark pine (P. albicauUis Engelm.).
White pine (northern) (P. strobus L.).
Foreign species:
Balkan pine (P. peuce Griseb.).
Chinese white pine (P. armandi Franch.).
Himalayan or Bhotan pine (P. excelsa Wall.).
Japanese white pine (P. parviflora Sieb. and Zucc.).
Korean pine (P. koraiensis Sieb. and Zucc.).
Swiss stone pine (P. cembra L.).
(c) Currant and gooseberry plants.-Plants, cuttings, or scions, belonging to
the genera Ribes L. ahd Grossularia (Tourn.) Mill., including cultivated or
wild or ornamental sorts.
(d) European black currant plants.-Plants. cuttings, stocks, scions, buds,
fruits, seeds, or parts of plants of Ribes nigrum L.
145199-37- 2





18 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan-March

(e) Inspector.-An inspector of the United States Department of Agriculture.
(f) Dormant.-In a nonvegetative state, with inactive buds.
(g) Infected States and District.-States and District designated by the
Secretary of Agriculture as infected with white-pine blister rust, as follows:
Connecticut, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minne-
sota, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio. Oregon, Penn-
sylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wis-
consin, and the District of Columbia.
(h) Legally established blister rust-control area.-An area established under
State authority wherein both the planting and possession of currant and
gooseberry plants are prohibited for the purpose of protecting the five-leafed
pines on such area from damage by white pine blister rust.
(i) Mored or allowed to be mored interstate.-Shipped, offered for ship-
ment to a common carrier, received for transportation or transported by a
common carrier, or carried, transported, moved, or allowed to be moved from
one State or District of the United States into or through any other State or
District.
REGULATION 2. SHIPMENTS OF FIVE-LEAFED PINES

SECTION A. CONTROL OF MOVEMENT

(1) Five-leafed pines shall not be moved or allowed to be moved interstate
from an infected State or District to any point outside thereof unless a
Federal pine-shipping permit has been issued therefor and is attached to the
outside of the container, except that in the case of shipments to or between
the States of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York,
Rhode Island, and Vermont, a control-area permit secured from the proper
officer of the State of destination (see appendix) may until further notice be
substituted for the Federal pine-shipping permit. The pine-shipping permit
may specify a destination point or a limited destination area for the shipment,
and in that event the pines covered thereby shall not be moved or allowed to
be moved interstate, directly or indirectly, either in the original container or
otherwise, to destinations other than those authorized in such permit.
(2) Five-leafed pines shall not be moved or allowed to be moved interstate
from any State or District unless there is attached to the outside of the con-
tainer thereof a valid State or District nursery inspection certificate of the
State or District from which the shipment is made.
(3) Branches and other parts of five-leafed pines without roots may be
shipped interstate from any State or District without restriction under these
regulations, except that if such articles are visibly infected with the white-
pine blister rust, they must either be shipped in a preservative or be author-
ized and labeled under the provisions of regulation 7.
(4) Five-leafed pines with roots, when visibly infected with the white-
pine blister rust, shall not be moved or allowed to be moved interstate from
any State or District unless such pines are shipped in a preservative or are
authorized and labeled under the provisions of regulation 7.

SECTION B. CONDITIONS GOVERNING THE ISSUANCE OF PERMITS

(5) Federal pine-shipping permits may be issued upon compliance with the
following conditions:
(a) That the five-leafed pines to be moved shall be grown from seed in a
location within 1 mile of which there have existed since the time of planting
said seed no European black currant plants and within at least 1,500 feet
of which there have existed since the time of planting said seed no currant or
gooseberry plants of any size or variety which in the judgment of the inspector
would involve risk of spread of the white-pine blister rust. A ribes-free zone
greater than 1,500 feet in width may be required when necessary in the
judgment of the inspector to ensure freedom from infection. The require-
ment tt t the ribes-free conditions described must have been maintained since
the time of planting the seed may be waived in the case of premises which
represent in the judgment of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
little or no risk of being involved in blister rust infection.
(b) That the owner of the nursery shall submit a signed application for a
pine-shipping permit to the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, giving
the location of the premises upon which said pines will be grown and agreeing





1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 19

that no five-leafed pines shall be grown in or distributed by any nursery or
nurseries owned or controlled by the applicant except such as are main-
tained in compliance with the previous paragraph: Provided, That in the case
of nursery properties under single ownership and management but represented
by units widely separate, such units may be considered as independent nurseries
and pine-shipping permits may be issued for one or more such individual
units based on the certification requirements stated below when in the judg-
ment of the inspector no risk of spread of white pine blister rust is involved.
The application required herein should preferably be filed before the seed are
planted (in order to avoid disappointment and loss in case the premises are
later found not to comply fully with the requirements of paragraph (a)
above).
(c) That before shipment of said pines certification shall be made to the
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine by an inspector showing that
the nursery stock has been found to be free from white-pine blister rust and
that the premises and the environs have been inspected annually and main-
tained as specified in paragraph (a) above.
(d) Permits for the reshipment of such pines certified under the conditions
prescribed by paragraph (c) above may be issued to purchasers of such stock
who do not grow five-leafed pines upon receipt of an application and a signed
agreement by the applicant agreeing to observe these regulations and the con-
ditions under which the permit is issued.

REGULATION 3. CONTROL OF MOVEMENT OF CURRANT AND GOOSEBERRY PLANTS

(a) No European black currant plants (Ribes nigrum) and no plants of
the wild native western species known as R. bracteosum and R. petiolare shall
be moved or allowed to be moved interstate in the continental United States
except into or within the area comprised in the States of Alabama, Arkansas,
Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota,
Oklahoma, South Dakota, and Texas.
(b) No currant or gooseberry plants of any species or variety shall be moved
or allowed to be moved interstate from an infected State or District unless they
have either been dipped (except the roots) immediately prior to shipment in
lime-sulphur solution of a strength of 4.5 B.,' or are shipped in a dormant
and defoliated condition. Such lime-sulphur dip shall be plainly visible on said
plants and be easily detectable by odor, the judgment of the inspector to be
final as to adequacy of the dip and as to the condition of the plants as to
dormancy and defoliation.
(c) No currant or gooseberry plants of any species or variety shall be
moved or allowed to be moved interstate into any of the States of Connecticut,
Idaho, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hamp-
shire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, or Wisconsin,
unless the container shall bear on the outside thereof a control-area permit
issued by an inspector designated to act for the Bureau of Entomology and
Plant Quarantine in such State. (See appendix.) Such permits may be issued
on condition that the plants are destined for points outside the legally estab-
lished blister rust control areas of the States concerned.
(d) Except as provided in paragraphs (a) and (c) hereof, currant and
gooseberry plants may be shipped from noninfected States to any destination
without restriction under these regulations.

REGULATION 4. MARKING REQUIREMENTS

(a) Every car, box, bale, or other container of articles for which certificates
or permits are required by these regulations shall be plainly marked with the
name and address of the consignor and the name and address of the con-
signee, and shall bear attached to the outside thereof the proper certificate or
permit issued in compliance with regulation 2 or 3 hereof.
(b) The certificates or permits in the case of carload and other bulk ship-
ments shall accompany the waybills, conductors' manifests, memoranda, or
bills of lading pertaining to such shipments.

1Prepare this solution by diluting 1 part of commercial concentrated lime-sulphur
solution of 320 B. with 8 parts of water.






20 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-a

REGULATION 5. PROVISION FOR INSPECTION OF NRSERY STOCK AND OHER P
IN TRANSIT

Any car, vehicle, box, bale, or other container moved interstate or offered
to a common carrier for shipment interstate, which contains or which the
inspector has probable cause to believe contains articles the movement of which
is prohibited or restricted by these regulations, shall be subject to inspection by
an inspector at any time or place.

REGULATION 6. CANCELATION OF PERMITS

Permits issued under these regulations may be withdrawn or canceled and
further permits refused, either upon determination of blister rust infection on
the premises on which the articles concerned are or have been located or for
any failure of compliance with the conditions of these regulations or violation.
of them or of the permittee's agreement, or whenever in the judgment of the
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine the further use of such permits
might result in the dissemination of the white pine blister rust. After any
such permit is withdrawn or canceled the further use of any permit tags issued
thereunder is prohibited.

REGUILATION 7. SHIPMENTS BY THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTUR

Articles subject to restriction in these regulations may be moved interstate
by the United States Department of Agriculture for experimental, educational,
or scientific purposes on such conditions and under such safeguards as may
be prescribed by the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. The con-
tainer of articles so moved, except when shipped to or in care of the Inspection
House, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Washington, D. C., shall
bear, securely attached to the outside thereof, an identifying tag from the
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine showing compliance with such
conditions.
These revised rules and regulations shall be effective on and after March 1,
1937, and shall on that date supersede the rules and regulations promulgated.
September 10, 1932, as amended.
Done at the city of Washington this 16th day of February 1937.
Witness my hand and the seal of the United States Department of Agri-
culture.
[SEAL] H. A. WALLAC
Secretary of Agriculture.

PENALTIES

The plant quarantine act of August 20, 1912 (37 Stat. 315), provides that no-
person shall ship or offer for shipment to any common carrier, nor shall any
common carrier receive for transportation or transport, nor shall any person
carry or transport from any quarantined State or Territory or District of the
United States, or from any quarantined portion thereof, into or through any
other State or Territory or District, any class of nursery stock or any other
class of plants, fruits, vegetables, roots, bulbs, seeds, * or any other
article * specified in the notice of quarantine * in manner or
method or under conditions other than those prescribed by the Secretary
of Agriculture. It also provides that any person who shall violate any of the
provisions of this act or who shall forge, counterfeit, alter, deface, or destroy
any certificate provided for in this act or in the regulations of the Secretary
of Agriculture shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall upon con-
viction thereof be punished by a fine not exceeding $500 or by imprisonment,
not exceeding one year, or both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of
the court.
APPENDIX
STATES WHICH HAVE LEGALLY ESTABLISHED BLISTER RUST CONTROL AREAS

The following States have legally established blister rust control areas in
which the planting and possession of currant and gooseberry plants is pro-
hibited by State law or regulation. Before currant or gooseberry plants may






:1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 21


be shipped into the States listed each shipment must bear a control-area permit
(form 415) from the officer named. Applications for such permits should state
the kind of plants to be shipped and, the names and addresses of the con-
signor and consignee. Permits will not be issued for the movement of pro-
hibited plants into blister rust control areas.
In the case of shipments of five-leafed pines from infected States to or be-
tween the New England States and New York, regulation 2, A (1), provides
that "a control-area permit secured from the proper officer of the State of
destination may, until further notice, be substituted for the Federal pine-
shipping permit" required as to all other interstate shipments from infected
States. This provision is made to enable the State concerned to record the
locations of pine planted therein in order that provision nay be made for the
protection of the pine by ribes eradication around the areas in which such
planting is done.


State Federal inspector designated to act in the State into which shipment is to
be made

Connecticut------... State Entomologist, Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, Conn.
Idaho.--.------.---. Director, Bureau of Plant Industry, Boise, Idaho.
Maine --..--------.. State Horticulturist, Augusta, Maine.
Maryland --------- State Plant Pathologist, College Park, Md.
Massachusetts .----- Director, Division of Plant Pest Control, State House, Boston, Mass.
Michigan---....----. Inspector in Charge, Orchard and Nursery Inspection, Department of Agriculture,
Lansing, Mich.
Minnesota ---........ Commissioner of Conservation, State Office Building, St. Paul, Minn.
New Hampshire...-. State Nursery Inspector, Durham, N. H.
New York..------. Director, Bureau of Plant Industry, Albany, N. Y.
Ohio.------...-----. Chief, Division of Plant Industry, Columbus, Ohio.
Pennsylvania------- Chief, Division of Forest Protection, Harrisburg, Pa.
Rhode Island.------. State Entomologist, 310 State House, Providence, R. I.
Vermont ....-------. Forest Commissioner, Montpelier, Vt.
*Wisconsin-...-----. State Entomologist, Madison, Wis.

[Copies of the foregoing revision were sent to all common carriers within and throughout the United States.]



NOTICE TO GENERAL PUBLIC THROUGH NEWSPAPERS

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE.
Washington, D. C., February 16, 1937.
Notice is hereby given that the Secretary of Agriculture, under authority
conferred on him by the Plant Quarantine Act of August 20, 1912 (37 Stat.
315), as amended, has promulgated a revision of the rules and regulations
supplemental to Notice of Quarantine No. 63, effective on and after March 1,
1937. The purpose of the revision is to add the States of Ohio, Pennsylvania,
Maryland, and Wisconsin to the list of States which have established blister-
rust control areas; also under this revision the conditions under which Federal
pine shipping permits may be issued are modified, and the regulations per-
taining to five-leafed pines are revised to prohibit the interstate movement
of such trees when visibly infected with blister rust unless they are shipped
under certain specified conditions. Copies of the revised regulations may be
obtained from the Burean of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Washington,
D. C.
H. A. WALLACE,
Secretary of Agriculture.
[Published in the following newspapers: The Birmingham News, Birmingham, Ala.,
Mar. 1, 1937 the Arizona Republican, Phoenix, Ariz., Mar. 3, 1937; the Arkansas Gazette,
Little Rock, Ark., Mar. 3, 1937; the Herald and Express, Los Angeles, Calif., Mar. 4, 1937 ;
the Post, Denver, Colo., Mar. 2, 1937; the Register, New Haven, Conn., Mar. 1, 1937; the
Journal, Wilmington, Del., Mar. 1, 1937; the Evening Star, Washington. D. C., Mar. 2,
1937; the Florida Times-Union, Jacksonville, Fla., Mar. 2, 1937; the Constitution, Atlanta,
Ga., Mar. 2, 1937; the Idaho Statesman, Boise, Idaho, Mar. 3, 1937; the Tribune, Chicago,
Ill., Mar. 2, 1937; the News, Indianapolis, Ind., Mar. 1, 1937; the Register, Des Moines,
Iowa, Mar. 6, 1937; the Beacon, Wichita, Kans. Mar. 1, 1937; the Courier-Journal, Louis-
ville, Ky., Mar. 2, 1937; the Times-Picayune, New Orleans, La., Mar. 2. 1937; the Press-
Herald, Portland, Maine, Mar. 2, 1937; the News-Post, Baltimore, Md., Mar. 1, 1937; the
Post, Boston, Mass., Mar. 1, 1937; the News, Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1, 1937; the Journal,
Minneapolis, Minn., Mar. 1, 1937; the News, Jackson, Miss., Mar. 2, 1937; the Star,






22 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-Mar

Kansas City, Mo., Mar. 1, 1937; the Montana Standard, Butte, Mont., Mar. 2, 1937; the
World-Herald, Omaha, Nebr., Mar. 2, 1937; the Gazette, Reno, Nev., Mar. 4, 1937; the
Union, Manchester, N. H., Mar. 2, 1937; the News, Newark, N. J., Mar. 1, 1937; the Jour-
nal, Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 3, 1937; the Times, New York, N. Y., Mar. 2, 1937;
the Observer, Charlotte, N. C., Mar. 2, 1937; the Forum, Fargo, N. Dak., Mar. 2 1937;
the Press, Cleveland, Ohio, Mar. 1, 1937; the Oklahoman, Oklahoma City, Okla., Mar. 4,
1937; the Oregon Journal, Portland, Oreg., Mar. 4, 1937; the Bulletin, Philadelphia, Pa.,
Mar. 1, 1937; the Bulletin. Providence, R. I., Mar. 1, 1937; the News, Greenville, S. C.,
Mar. 2, 1937; the Argus-Leader, Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Mar. 2, 1937; the Commercial
Appeal, Memphis, Tenn., Mar. 2, 1937; the Chronicle, Houston, Tex., Mar. 2, 1937; the
Tribunc, Salt Lake City, Utah, Mar. 3, 1937; the Free Press, Burlington, Vt., Mar. 2,
1937 ; the News Leader, Richmond, Va., Mar. 1, 1937; the Times, Seattle, Wash., Mar. 4,
1937; the Gazette, Charleston, W. Va., Mar. 3, 1937; the Journal, Milwaukee, Wis.,
Mar. 1, 1937; and the Wyoming State Tribune, Cheyenne, Wyo., Mar. 2, 1937.]



INSTRUCTIONS TO POSTMASTERS

REVISION OF WHITE-PINE BLISTER QUARANTINE REGULATIONS

[Superseding notices appearing in the January 1933 and April 1935 Supplements to ther
Postal Guide]

THIRD ASSISTANT POSTMASTER GENERAL,
Washington, March 22, 1.97.
The regulations of Quarantine No. 63 of the United States Department of
Agriculture on account of the white-pine blister rust governing the shipment
of five-leafed pines, currant, and gooseberry plants have been revised, effective
March 1, 1937, so as to add Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin to
the list of States which have established blister-rust-control areas in which
both the planting and possession of currant and gooseberry plants are prohibited
under State authority.
The regulations pertaining to five-leafed pines have also been revised to
prohibit their interstate movement when visibly infected with the white-pine
blister rust unless such trees are shipped in a preservative or are authorized
and labeled under the provisions of regulation 7.

SUMMARY

The infected States and District are designated as Connecticut, Idaho, Iowa,
Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hamp-
shire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Ver-
mont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and the District of
Columbia. The careful attention of postmasters is invited to the following
revised regulations of Quarantine No. 63 on account of the white-pine blister
rust, effective March 1, 1937:

REGULATION 2. SHIPMENTS OF FIVE-LEAFED PINES

(1) Five-leafed pines shall not be moved or allowed to be moved interstate
from an infected State or District to any point outside thereof, unless a Fed-
eral pine-shipping permit has been issued therefor and is attached to the
out side of the container, except that, in the case of shipments to or between
thle States of Connectiecut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York,
Rhode Island, and Vermont, a control-area permit secured from the proper
officer of the State of destination (see appendix) may, until further notice,
be substituted for the Federal pine-shipping permit. The pine-shipping permit
may specify a destination point or a limited destination area for the shipiment
and in that event the pines covered thereby shall not be moved or allowed to
be moved interstate, directly or indirectly, either in the original container or
otherwise, to destinations other than those authorized in such permit.
(2) Five-leafed pines slall not he moved or allowed to be moved interstate
from any State or Di strict unless there is attached to the outside of tho con-
tainer thereof a valid State or District nursery inspection certificate of the
State or District from which the shipment is made.
(3) Branches and other parts of five-leafed pines without roots may be
shipped interstate from any State or District without restriction under these
regulations, except that if such articles are visibly infected with the white-pine
blister rust. they must either be shipped in a preservative or be authorized and
labeled under the provisions of regulation 7.






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 23

(4) Five-leafed pines with roots, when visibly infected with the white-pine
blister rust, shall not be moved or allowed to be moved interstate from any
State or District unless such pines are shipped in a preservative or are
authorized and labeled under the provisions of regulation 7.

REGULATION 3. CONTROL OF MOVEMENT OF CURRANT AND GOOSEBERRY PLANTS

(a) No European black currant plants (Ribes nigrun) and no plants of the
wild native western species known as R. bracteosum and R. petiolare shall be
moved or allowed to be moved interstate in the continental United States except
into or within the area comprised in the States of Alabama, Arkansas, Flurida,
Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma,
South Dakota, and Texas.
(b) No currant or gooseberry plants of any species or variety shall be moved
or allowed to be moved interstate from an infected State or District unless
they have either been dipped (except the roots) immediately prior to shipment
in lime-sulphur solution of a strength of 4.5 B.,2 or are shipped in a dormant
and defoliated condition. Such lime-sulphur dip shall be plainly visible on said
plants and be easily detectable by odor, the judgment of the inspector to be
final as to adequacy of the dip and as to the condition of the plants as to
dormancy and defoliation.
(c) No currant or gooseberry plants of any species or variety shall be moved
or allowed to be moved interstate into any of the States of Connecticut, Idaho,
Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New
York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, or Wisconsin, unless the
container shall bear on the outside thereof a control-area permit issued by an
inspector designated to act for the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
in such State. *(See appendix.) Such permits may be issued on condition
that the plants are destined for points outside the legally established blister-
rust-control areas of the States concerned.
(d) Except as provided in paragraphs (a) and (c) hereof, currant and goose-
berry plants may be shipped from noninfected States to any destination without
restriction under these regulations.

REGULATION 4. MARKING REQUIREMENTS

Every container of five-leafed pines or currant or gooseberry plants for
which permits or certificates are required must be marked with names and
addresses of consignor and consignee.

REGULATION 7. SHIPMENTS BY THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Articles subject to restriction in these regulations may be moved interstate
by the United States Department of Agriculture for experimental, educational,
or scientific purposes on such conditions and under such safeguards as may
be prescribed by the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. The con-
tainer of articles so moved, except when shipped to or in care of the Inspection
House, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Washington, D. C.. shall
bear, securely attached to the outside thereof, an identifying tag from the
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine showing compliance with such
conditions.
APPENDIX

STATES WHICH HAVE LEGALLY ESTABLISHED BLISTER-RUST-CONTROL AREAS

The following States have legally established blister-rust-control areas in
which the planting and possession of currant and gooseberry plants is prohibited
by State law or regulation. Before currant or gooseberry plants may be shipped
into the States listed each shipment must bear a control-area permit (form 415)
from the officer named. Applications for such permits should state the kind
of plants to be shipped and the names and addresses of the consignor and con-
signee. Permits will not be issued for the movement of prohibited plants into
blister-rust-control areas.

2 Prepare this solution by diluting 1 part of commercial concentrated lime-sulphur solu-
tion of 320 B. with 8 parts of water.






24 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-March

In the case of shipments of five-leafed pines from infected States to or
between the New England States and New York, regulation 2, A (1), provides
that "a control-area permit secured from the proper officer of the State of deti-
nation may, until further notice, he substituted for the Federal pine-shipping
permit" required as to all other interstate shipments from infected States. This
provision is made to enable the State concerned to record the locations of pine
planted therein in order that provision may be made for the protection of the
pine by Ribes eradication around the areas in which such planting is done.


State Federal inspector designated to act in the State into which shipment is to
be made

Connecticut--..---- State Entomologist, Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, Conn.
Idaho----------...... Director, Bureau of Plant Industry, Boise, Idaho.
Maine..-..---------- State Horticulturist, Augusta, Maine.
Maryland ----------State Plant Pathologist, College Park, Md.
Massachusetts..----- Director, Division of Plant Pest Control, Statehouse, Boston, Mass.
Michigan ..--------. Inspector in Charge, Orchard and Nursery Inspection, Department of Agriculture,
Lansing, Mich.
Minnesota. -------- Commissioner of Conservation, State Office Building, St. Paul, Minn.
New Hampshire----- State Nursery Inspector, Durham, N. H.
New York-..-------- Director, Bureau of Plant Industry, Albany, N. Y.
Ohio----..---------- Chief, Division of Plant Industry, Columbus, Ohio.
Pennsylvania.------- Chief, Division of Forest Protection, Harrisburg, Pa.
Rhode Island-..----. State Entomologist, 310 Statehouse, Providence, R. I.
Vermont..----------. Forest Commissioner, Montpelier, Vt.
Wisconsin.---------. State Entomologist, Madison, Wis.


RoY M. NORTH,
Acting Third Assistant Postmaster General.



ANNOUNCEMENT RELATING TO REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE
ENTRY OF POTATOES INTO THE UNITED STATES
ENTRY OF POTATOES FROM LATVIA AUTHORIZED
[Press notice]
MARCH 27, 1937.
Latvia has been added to the list of countries from which potatoes may be
shipped to the United States, the Department of Agriculture announced today.
Officials of the Latvian Government have presented evidence that their
country is free from the potato wart and other injurious potato diseases and
insect pests which are new to or not widely prevalent in the United States.
The Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine finds that Latvia has met
all the conditions of the regulations governing the importation of potatoes into
the United States and in consequence that Bureau will issue, effective imme-
diately, permits for the entry of potatoes certified as having been grown
in Latvia.


MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS
NO FEDERAL QUARANTINE ON PEACH MOSAIC DISEASE
[Press notice]
JANUARY 21, 1937.
The Secretary of Agriculture announced today that the Department of
Agriculture will not act at this time to restrict the interstate movement of
host plants of the peach mosaic disease, which is known to occur in parts of
Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.
This announcement is made, the Secretary stated, as a result of careful
consideration of the evidence submitted at the public hearing, September 21,
at Albuquerque, N. Mex., which was attended by representatives of the United
States Department of Agriculture, State officials from Colorado, New Mexico,
Utah, California, Georgia, and Texas, and by nurserymen, orchardists, and
others interested in peach production in the affected States.






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 25

In making this decision, the Secretary stated, consideration was given to
the fact that cooperative Federal-State inspection and eradication are under
way in all infected areas, and it is believed that, at present, the prevention
of spread of the disease can be handled satisfactorily through State regulatory
action.


CUSTOMS REGULATIONS AMENDED-PLANT QUARANTINE (T. D. 48810)
ARTcLE 561 (a) (2), CUSTOMS REGULATIONS OF 1931, RELATING TO THE TRANS-
MISSION TO COLLECTORS OF CUSTOMS BY THE IMPORTER OF NOTICES OF ARRIVAL
OF PLANTS OR PLANT PRODUCTS, AMENDED
TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONER OF CUSTOMS,
Washington, D. C.
To Collectors of Customs and Others Concerned:
Pursuant to the authority contained in section 251, Revised Statutes (U. S. C.
title 19, sec. 66), and section 624 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (U. S. C. title 19,
sec. 1624), article 561 (a) (2) of the Customs Regulations of 1931, is hereby
amended to read as follows:
(2) The importer or his representative will submit to the collector at the
port of first arrival for any type of entry, except rewarehouse and informal
mail entries, a notice of arrival. For 1. T. shipments a second notice will
be submitted to the collector at the port of destination, and for diverted
T. & E. shipments a second notice will be submitted to the collector at the
port at which a change in entry is made. The collector at the port of
arrival, as well as at destination, will compare the notice which he receives
from the importer or his representative with the shipping documents, certify
to its agreement therewith or note any discrepancies, and transmit it to the
Secretary of Agriculture. The merchandise is not to be released until the
said notice has been submitted.
Reference to T. D. 48693 should be noted in the margin opposite article
560 (a).
The references to T. D. 33110 and T. D. 33247 appearing opposite article
564 (a), and T. D. 39792 appearing opposite articles 559 (a) and (b) and 561
(a) are deleted. Reference to T. D. 48728 should be inserted in lieu thereof
in each case.
JAMES H. MOYLE.
Commissioner of Customs.
Approved February 10, 1937:
JOSEPHINE ROCHE,
Acting Secretary of the Treasury.


FRUITFLIES IN THE REPUBLIC OF ECUADOR
By JOHANNES E. WILLE, Estacion Experimental Agricola de la Molina, Lima,
Peru
"The Fruit Fly Survey in the West Indies, Brazil,. Uruguay, Chile, and Peru
in 1931-32", as summarized by Max Kisliuk, Jr., and C. E. Cooley in Service
and Regulatory Announcements No. 116 (July-September 1933) by the Bureau
of Plant Quarantine, United States Department of Agriculture, presented a fair
idea of. the distribution of fruitflies in most of the South American countries.
That survey, however, did not include the Republic of Ecuador. During a short
vacation in Ecuador in June 1936 the writer made some observations along
this line. The districts visited included the fluvial region around Guayaquil,
the Andean Zone from Riobamba over Ambato and Quito to Ibarra, and the
more tropical areas east of Ambato.
Oranges and bananas were the fruits grown most extensively in the Guayaquil
area and there were several commercial plantings of peaches and tangerines
in the vicinity of Ambato. In all of the areas visited various tropical and
subtropical fruits were grown on small holdings. The following fruits were
examined in the public markets and on the plantations in Ecuador: Bananas,
grapes, pineapples, coffee berries, coconuts, cacao pods, apples, pears, quinces,
peaches, guava (Psidium guajava), cherimoyas, figs, soursops, pomegranates,






26 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE Jan.-March

mangoes, Lucuma fruits, Inga pods, avocados, loquats, Barbados cherries, apri-
cots, oranges, grapefruit, lemons, limes, tangerines, papayas, melons, and
watermelons. Vegetables seen included cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, green
beans, string beans, potatoes, sweetpotatoes, carrots, cabbage, cauliflower, let-
tuce, radishes, and onions.
Fruitfly infestations were found at 11 different points, 10 of these being in
the fluvial area of Guayaquil and 1 in the zone east of Ambato. A total of
172 larvae and puparia of Anastreph a spp. were taken in the following four
fruits: Guava, Inga pods, grapefruit, and apples. It was noted at the time
of this survey that guavas were the only fruits that were fully mature.
Twenty-two adults of Anastrepha striata Schiner, 15 of Anastrepha distans
Hlendel, and 4 of Anastrepha lepto.zona Hendel were reared from the larvae
found in guavas. Thirty-four adults of A. distans were collected from four
hosts as follows: Guava, orange, sugarcane, and Eugenia sp. They were also
found on collectors' hands and clothing. Fourteen adults of A. leptozona were
collected from fruit and foliage of guavas. No other fruitflies were taken.
The above survey may be summarized by stating that the genus Anastrepha
infests various fruits in the fluvial area about Guayaquil, including the adja-
cent foothills of the Andes to an altitude of 3,000 feet, and in the area east
of Ambato up to an altitude of 6,000 feet to the source of Rio Napo (Amazonas).
The high plateau of Quito northward to Ibarra may not be infested with fruit-
flies.

P. Q. C. A. 310, Supplement No. 4.
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, REPUBLIC OF PERU

MARCH 9, 1937.

IMPORTATION OF PLANTS, FRUITS, VEGETABLES, AND FLOWERS INTO THE MOQUEGUA
VALLEY PROHIBITED
The Peruvian Supreme Resolution No. 82, of July 25, 1936, prescribed that,
the fact having been verified that the Moquegua Valley of Peru is not infested
by fruitflies (Anastrepha spp.), the importation into that valley of all varieties
of fruits, vegetables, plants, and parts of living plants, flowers, etc., from
any other part of Peru or any foreign country is prohibited, except plants
furnished by the Direcci6n de Agricultura y Ganaderfa, for the improvement
of vineyards and orchards in that valley.
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


B. E. P. Q. 366, Supplement No. 4.
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, REPUBLIC OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA

MARCH 23, 1937.
The item under the caption "Importation Unrestricted" on page 2 of B. E.
P. Q. 366, reading: "C(ut flowers, seeds, bulbs, and tubers free from soil, grape
seeds, and vegetables" is amended to read: "Seeds, including grape seeds."

IMPORTATION OF LIVING PLANTS FROM THE UNITED STATES PROHIBITED
Section II, article 1, Precautions against San Jose scale (B. E. P. Q. 366,
p. 14), prohibits the importation into Czechoslovakia of living plants, seedlings,
cuttings, scions, and other separated parts of plants, including bulbs, tubers,
rhizomes, etc., from the United States, among other countries. The prohibi-
tion does not apply to seeds or to fresh fruits and vegetables (see B. E. P. Q.
306. art. 3, p. 15, nnd sup.lemen(t no. 1), unless those products are found to be
contaminated by San Jose scale on arrival in Czechoslovakia.
Since the importation of plants and parts thereof from the United States
is thus prohibited by the San Jose scale restrictions, the phylloxera restrictions
(pp. 12 and 13, B. E. P. Q. 366) are not applicable to such products of the
United States.
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.



t






'1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 27

SB. E. P. Q. 389, Supplement No. 1.
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, GRAND DUCHY OF LUXEMBURG
MARCH 9, 1937.

CERTIFICATE REQUIRED FOR POTATOES, TOMATOES, ANDI EGGPLANTS
The order of September 24, 1923, has been superseded by that of July 1,
1936. The new decree adds potato wart to the last sentence of the text on
page 2 of circular B. E. P. Q. 389, which should now read as follows:
"These products grown in and shipped from a locality at least 20 kilometers
from any infestation of Leptinotarsa (Colorado potato beetle) or Synchytrium
(potato wart) are considered to proceed from an exempt district."
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


B. E. P. Q. 404, revised.
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT R~STRICTIONS, BRITISH INDIA
MARCH 27, 1937.
This summary of the plant-quarantine import restrictions of British India
has been prepared for the information of nurserymen, plant-quarantine officials,
and others interested in the exportation of plants and plant products to that
country.
It was prepared by Harry B. Shaw, plant quarantine inspector, in charge,
Foreign Information Service, Division of Foreign Plant Quarantines, from the
text of the Destructive Insects and Pests Act, approved February 3, 1914, as
amended, and that of Notification No. F-320/35-A, of July 20, 1936, and was
reviewed by the Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, Simla, India.
The information contained in this circular is believed to be correct and com-
plete up to the time of preparation, but it is not intended to be used independ-
ently of, nor as a substitute for, the original texts.
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE REQUIRED FOR PLANTS OFFERED FOR EXPORT TO
BRITISH INDIA
The Department of Education, Health, and Lands of British India, through a
press communique dated New Delhi, December 15, 1936, warns that shipments
of plants unaccompanied by the prescribed certificate will not be admitted into
India. The text of the communique follows:
"It has been brought to the notice of the Government of India that con-
signments of plants (other than fruits and vegetables intended for consump-
tion, and potatoes) are being sent to India from abroad without a health cer-
tificate or with a certificate not identical with that prescribed in the Third
Schedule published with the Government of India, Department of Education,
Health, and Lands, Notification No. F 320/35-A, dated 20th July 1936. It is
essential that the conditions in the rules published in the notification referred
to should be strictly observed, and for the information of parties interested
it is notified that consignments will not be passed for clearance by the Customs
Authorities in India at the port of disembarkation after the 31st January 1937,
unless accompanied by health certificates in the prescribed form."


PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, BRITISH INDIA
BASIC LEGISLATION
The Destructive Insects and Pests Act, approved February 3, 1914, as
amended up to May 14, 1931.
The act empowers the Governor-General-in-Council, by notification of the
Gazette of India, to prohibit or regulate the importation into British India of
any article or class of articles likely to cause the infection of any crop.






28 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-arc

The act also empowers the local government, subject to the control of tbe
Governor-General-in-Council, to make rules for the detention, inspection, disin-
fection, or destruction of such article or class of articles and to impose pen-
alties for infractions of the said rules.

SUMMARY

IMPORTATION PROHIBITED

Coffee plants, seeds, and beans (Coffea spp.) : May be imported only by the-
Director of Agriculture, Madras Presidency, for experimental planting, to pre-
vent the introduction of insect pests, especially the coffee berry borer (Ste-
phanoderes hampei Hagedorn). (Notification of July 20, 1936, art. 12, p. 7.)
Cotton, unginned (other than cotton from a Kathiawar port), that has been
produced in India, shall not be imported by sea or air, to prevent the intro-
duction of various pests of cotton. (Art. 14 (1), p. 8.)
Flax (Liinum usitatissimum L.), berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.), and
cotton (Gossypium spp.), seeds of: May not be imported by letter or sample
mail otherwise than by sea, to prevent the introduction of dodder (Cuscuta
spp.). (Art. 11 (a) p. 7.)
Mexican jumping beans (Sebastiania palmeri Rose, Euphorbiaceae) : Import--
atlon absolutely prohibited to prevent the introduction of Grapholitha saltitani
Westwood. (Art. 11 (b) p. 7.)
Plants may not be imported into British India by letter or sample mail, or
by air, except as provided in articles 2 and 3. (See pp. 5 and 6.)
Rubber plants and seeds (Hevea spp.) : Importation from America or West
Indies prohibited except by the Director of Agriculture, Madras Presidency,
to prevent the introduction of Fomes (semitostus) lignosus Kl., Sphaerostilbe
repens B. and Br., Fusicladium macrosporum Kuyper, and Oidium hevae
Steinmann. (Art. 10, p. 7.)
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) : Importation prohibited from the Fiji
Islands, New Guinea, Australia, and the Philippines, to prevent the introduction.
of injurious pests and diseases of sugarcane. (Art. 9, p. 7.)

IMPORTATION RESTRICTED

Citrus plants and cuttings: May not be imported unless accompanied by a
federal certificate in prescribed form and also certifying freedom from "mal
del secco" (Deuterophoma tracheiphila Petri). (Art. 8, p. 7.)
Cottonseed for experimental purposes: May be imported only by a designated
officer (see p. 8) and only through the port of Bombay subject to fumigation
on arrival or presentation of a fumigation certificate, and in quantities not:
exceeding one hundredweight (112 pounds). (Art. 14 (2), p. 8.)
Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) and berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.),.
seeds of: May be imported only under a license from the Department of Agri-
culture of India. (Art. 13, p. 8.)
Plants other than fruits and vegetables intended for consumption, and pota-
toes, must be accompanied by a federal certificate in the prescribed form (see-
p. 8). (Art. 5, p. 6.)
Potatoes: Must be accompanied by a shipper's declaration and a federal
certificate affirming freedom from wart. Provided that potatoes may be
imported under a certificate from the Imperial economic botanist, Imperial
Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. (Art. 6, p. 6.)
Potatoes from Italy: Must be accompanied by a certificate of freedom from
disease. (Art. 6. Text omitted.)
Rubber plants (Hevea spp.) imported by sea: Must be accompanied by an
official certificate that the estate on which the plants originated, or the indi-
vidual plants, are free from specified plant pests. (Art. 7, p. 6; see also art.
10, p. 7.)
Sugarcane (RLceharium officinarum L.) intended to be grown under the super-
vision of the Government sugarcane expert Coimbatore, may be imported by
him by mail. (Art. 2, p. 5.)
Sugarcane from countries other than the Fiji Islands, New Guinea, Australia,
or the Philippines, must be accompanied by a federal inspection certificate.
(Art. 9 (2), p. 7.)






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 29


RULES ON THE IMPORTATION OF PLANTS INTO BRITISH INDIA
[Notification No. F.-320/35-A, of July 20, 1936]

DEFINITIONS

ARTICLE 1. (a) "Official certificate" means a certificate granted by the proper
,officer or authority in the country of origin (U. S. Department of Agriculture).
(b) "Plant" means a living plant or part thereof, but does not include seeds.
(c) "Prescribed port" means any of the following ports, namely, Bombay,
Calcutta, Cochin, Dhanushkodi, Karachi, Madras, Negapatam, Rangoon, and
Tuticorin.
(d) All provisions applying to plants or seeds shall apply also to all packing
-material used in packing or wrapping such plants or seeds.

IMPORTATION OF PLANTS BY LETTER OR SAMPLE MAIL PROHIBITED

ART. 2. No plant shall be imported into British India by letter or sample
post; provided that sugarcane for planting, intended to be grown under the
personal supervision of the Government sugarcane expert, Coimbatore, may be
imported by him by such mail.

IMPORTATION OF PLANTS BY AIR PROHIBITED

ART. 3. No plant shall be imported into British India by air; provided that
plants infested by living insects and intended for the introduction of such
insects may be so imported if they are accompanied by a special certificate
from the Imperial entomologist to the Government of India that such plants
are imported for the purpose of introducing such insects.

IMPORTED PLANTS MUST BE FUMIGATED ON ARRIVAL

ART. 4. No plants, other than fruits and vegetables intended for consump-
tion, potatoes, and sugarcane shall be imported into British India by sea except
after fumigation with hydrocyanic acid gas and at a prescribed port:
Provided that plants infested by living parasitized insects intended for the
introduction of such parasites may be imported without such fumigation if
they are accompanied by a special certificate from the Imperial entomologist
to the Government of India that such plants are imported for the purpose
of introducing such parasites.
Provided also that in the case of plants imported direct by M. K. Seetharama
*Chetty, so long as he holds the post of superintendent, Government Gardens,
Mysore, such fumigation shall be dispensed with on condition that he makes
himself personally responsible for the effective fumigation under the super-
vision of the mycologist of the Mysore Agricultural Department of all such
plants within four days of their landing in India, and that before release from
the fumigatorium the plants are certified as free from insect pests and diseases
by the Government mycologist and by the Government entomologist, Mysore
:State.
FEDERAL INSPECTION CERTIFICATE REQUIRED

ART. 5. No plants, other than fruits and vegetables intended for consumption,
and potatoes, shall be imported into British India by sea unless accompanied
by an official certificate in the form prescribed and unless they are free from
injurious insects and diseases.

POTATOES MUST BE CERTIFIED AGAINST WART

ART. 6. Potatoes shall not be imported into British India by sea unless ac-
companied by-
(a) A declaration from the shipper stating fully in what country and dis-
trict the potatoes were grown and guaranteeing that potato wart was not
known to exist on the farms where the potatoes were grown, and
(b) An official certificate that no case of wart disease of potatoes has been
known during the 12 months preceding the date of the certificate within 5






30 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-March

miles of the place where the potatoes were grown. Provided that potatoes may
be imported under a certificate from the Imperial agricultural botanist, Im-
perial Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi.

SPECIAL CERTIFICATION OF RUBBER PLANTS

ART. 7. Rubber plants shall not be imported into British India by sea unless,
in addition to the general certificate required under article 5, they are ae-
companied by an official certificate affirming that the estate from which the
plants originated or the individual plants are free. from Fomes lignosus Kl.,
Sphaerostilbe rcpens B. and Br., Melanopsammopsis ulei (Henn.) Stahel=(Fu-
sicladiumn macrosporium Kuyper), and Oidium iheeae Steinmann.

SPECIAL CERTIFICATION OF CITRUS PLANTS

ART. 8. No lemon plants, lime plants, orange plants, grapefruit plants, or
other citrus plants, and no cuttings of such plants shall be imported into
British India unless, in addition to the general certificate required under
article 5, they are accompanied by an official certificate that they are free
from the mal del secco (Deuterophonma tracheiphila Petri) or that the disease
does not exist in the country in which they are grown.

SUGARCANE RESTRICTIONS
ART. 9. (1) The importation of sugarcane into British India by sea from the
Fiji Islands, New Guinea, Australia, or the Philippine Islands is prohibited
absolutely.
(2) The importation of sugarcane into British India by sea from any other
country is prohibited unless, in addition to the general certificate required
under article 5, it is accompanied by an official certificate that it has been
examined and found free from cane borers, scale insects, aleurodes, root disease
(any form), pineapple disease (Thielaviopsis paradoxa (De Seyn) Hoehn.),
sereh and cane gummosis, that it was obtained from a crop which was free
from mosaic disease, and that the fiji disease of sugarcane does not occur in
the country of export.

IMPORTATION OF HEVEA PROHIBITED FROM CERTAIN COUNTRIES
ART. 10. Hevea rubber plants and seeds shall not be imported into British
India from America or from the West Indies except by the Director of Agri-
culture, Madras Presidency.
ART. 11. (a) Seeds of flax, berseem, and cotton shall not be imported by letter
or sample post, otherwise than by sea.
(b) The importation of Mexican jumping beans (Sebastiania palmeri Rose,
of the family Euphorbiaceae) is prohibited absolutely to prevent the introduc-
tion of Grapholitha saltitans Westwood.

RESTRICTIONS ON IMPORTATION OF COFFEE
ART. 12. Coffee plants, coffee seeds, and coffee beans shall not be imported
into British India except for experimental planting by the Director of Agri-
culture, Madras Presidency, who shall take all measures necessary to insure
that such coffee plants, beans, or seeds as are imported by him are free from
plant diseases and injurious insects. Provided that the prohibition herein-
before contained shall not apply (a) to roasted and ground coffee, or (b) to a
consignment of unroasted or unground coffee beans or seeds produced in India
and covered by a certificate of origin in the prescribed form.
ART. 13. Seeds of flax (Linum usitatissimnm L.) and berseem (Trifolium
alexrandrinum L.) shall not be imported into British India by sea, unless the
consignee produces before the collector of customs a license from the Depart-
ment of Agriculture in India in that behalf.

COTTON RESTRICTIONS
ART. 14. (1) Unginned cotton, other than cotton from a Kathiawar port,
which has been produced in India, shall not be imported by sea or by air.





1937] SERVICE ANDI) RIEGULATOIY ANNOUNCEMENTS 31


(2) Cottonseed shall not be imported by sea save for experimental purposes
by designated officers in India, and shall not be so imported by such officer s'ave
at the port of Bombay and in quantities not exceeding one hundredweight (112
pounds) in any one consignment and on condition that it shall be fumigated
with carbon disulphide on importation:
Provided that, if the cottonseed is accompanied by a certificate from a Gov-
ernment entomologist of the country of origin to the effect that the seed and
its container have been treated in such a way as to destroy all insect life, the
seed shall be examined on importation by such officer as the Governor-General-
in-Council may appoint and shall not be required to be refumigated unless such
examination shows that to be necessary. (See also the notification of Oct. 1,
1931, Cotton from America. See below.)
ART. 15. Nothing in these rules shall be deemed to apply to-
(1) The import of any article into Aden, or
(2) The bringing by sea or by air from one port or place in British India,
not being in Aden, to another such port or place.

RESTRICTIONS ON COTTON FROM AMERICA

[Notification No. 1581-Agri., of Oct. 1, 1931]

DEFINITION

ARTICLE 1. "Cotton" includes ginned cotton, and droppings, strippings, fly,
and other waste products of a cotton mill, other than yarn waste, but does not
include unginned cotton.
"American cotton" means all cotton produced in any part of America.

ENTRY OF COTTON BY MAIL OR BAGGAGE PROHIBITED

ART. 2. American cotton shall not be imported into British India by letter or
sample mail or as passengers' accompanied baggage, and shall not be imported
by any other means save through the port of Bombay and subject to disinfection
as prescribed by the Government of Bombay at the expense of the importer.

CERTIFICATE PRESCRIBED BY ARTICLE 5

This is to certify that the plant(s) living plant(s) or plant products (strike
out what is not applicable) included in the consignment, of which particulars
are given below were/was thoroughly examined on the (date) by (name of
inspector), a duly authorized official of the (U. S. Department of Agriculture),
and found to be healthy, no evidence of the presence of any injurious insect.
pest, or disease [destructive to agricultural or horticultural crops or to trees or
bushes] having been found in/on them and that the consignment (including the
packing) covered by this certificate has/has not been treated in the following
manner (e. g., fumigated with _-----___ or disinfected with )-----___
prior/immediately subsequent to inspection.
Inspected/not inspected in the field by a duly authorized inspector on

Signature____ __________
(Official title)
Date ----------------------- ----
Number and description of packages---------
Distinguishing marks---------------------------------------__
Description of plants or plant products-------------------------------
Locality where grown --- ---__
Exported by--------__---________
Name and address of consignee ------------__--
Name of vessel or particulars of route---------
Date of shipment------------__ ~ ___
Port or place of entry --------------
Additional certificate(s) attached -----------
(Give details of any special certificate or certificates issued in respect of
imports specifically requiring them.)






32 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTIN [Jan.-March

B. E. P. Q. 405, Supplement No. 2.
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, REPUBLIC OF GERMANY
MARCH 3, 1937.

ENTRY OF SINGLE CHRISTMAS TREES AUTHORIZED

According to a notification of the Minister of Nourishment and Agriculture
(R Z.B. No. 88, Oct. 21, 1936, p. 362), the provisions of the decree of June 3,
1930 (see pp. 11 and 12 of B. E. P. Q. 405, Importation of Coniferous Plants
Restricted) are not applicable to the importation of single Christmas trees
without balls of earth or to branches of conifers, insofar as those products are
intended as gifts or accompany shipments intended as gifts and not for
industrial purposes.
The decree of October 26, 1936, revokes and supersedes that of February 28,
1929, on the prohibition of the importation of pine and spruce seeds, as amended
by that of September 13, 1929.
Consequently, the two paragraphs on page 13 of B. E. P. Q. 405 under the
caption "Importation of Pine and Spruce Seeds Prohibited" are to be stricken
out and replaced by the following:

IMPORTATION OF SEEDS OF CONIFEROUS TREES PROHIBITED
[Decree of Oct. 26, 1936]

ARTICLE 1. The importation of seeds and seed-bearing cones of coniferous
trees indigenous to Germany, with the exception of those of Swiss stone pine
(Pinus cermbra L.), is prohibited.
ART. 2. The through transit of the above-named products is permitted under
customs supervision.
CUT FLOWERS OF CARNATIONS

The ministerial decree of September 21, 1936 (R. G. B1. I, p. 83) modifies
previous regulations on the importation of cut flowers of carnations by prohibit-
ing their importation into Germany from March 15 to November 15, instead of
from March 15 to November 30, as hitherto. The date should be changed
accordingly in the corresponding item in the summary on page 2 and in the
text on page 13 of Circular B. E. P. Q. 405.
The heading of the item of the summary on page 2 of B. E. P. Q. 405. "Seeds
of Scotch pine (Pinus sylve.tris L.), and Norway spruce (Picea excelsa Link.)"
is to be replaced by the heading "Seeds and seed-bearing cones of conifers
indigenous to Germany, except those of Pinus cenmbra L."
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


B. E. P. Q. 416, Supplement No. 1.
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN

JANUARY 8, 1937.
Article 5 of the Importation of Plants Order of June 7, 1933, as amended by
the Order of June 30, 1934 (see p. 8, B. E. P. Q. 416), should read as follows:
"Article 5 (1) refers to raw vegetables grown in European France.
"(2) The landing in England and Wales between the 8th day of April and
the 14th day of October in any year of any raw vegetables not grown in
European France is hereby prohibited unless each consignment is accompanied
by a certificate of origin visaed by a competent authority in the country of
origin, stating the country and place where the produce was grown. The
certificates prescribed in this article shall be delivered to an officer of Customs
and Excise at the same time as and together with the entry relating to the
consignment."
SThe following additional paragraph should be inserted under the caption
"Importation Restricted" after the para graph on "Raw vegetables from
European France" (see p. 4, B. E. P. Q. 416).






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 33

"Raw vegetables not grown in European France: Certificate of origin re-
quired with each shipment, between April 8 and October 14 of any year, issued
by competent authority of the country of origin. (Art. 5 (2), Importation of
Plants Order, 1933, as amended by that of 1934.)"
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


B. E. P. Q. 422.
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, KINGDOM OF RUMANIA

FEBRUARY 6, 1937.
This summary of the plant-quarantine restrictions of the Kingdom of Ru-
mania has been prepared for the information of nurserymen, plant-quarantine
officials, and others interested in the exportation of plants and plant products
to that country.
It was prepared by Harry B. Shaw, plant quarantine inspector, in charge of
Foreign Information Service, Division of Foreign Plant Quarantines, from his
translations of French, German, and Rumanian texts of the original decrees and
orders of the Rumanian Ministry of Agriculture and Domains, and reviewed
by the section of phytopathology of that Ministry.
The information contained in this circular is believed to be correct and com-
plete up to the time of preparation, but it is not intended to be used independ-
ently of, nor as a substitute for, the original texts of the decrees and orders,
and it is not to be interpreted as legally authoritative. Those decrees and
orders should be consulted for the exact texts.
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.



PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, KINGDOM OF RUMANIA

BASIC LEGISLATION

Law of July 1, 1891, for combating phylloxera.
Law No. 1431, April 6, 1924, traffic in forage-crop seeds.
Ministerial Order No. 220659, November 3, 1934, to prevent the introduction of
San Jose scale.
Ministerial Decision No. 93534, May 5, 1936, prohibiting the introduction of five-
leafed pines to prevent the introduction of white-pine blister rust.

SUMMARY

IMPORTATION PROHIBITED

Plants and parts thereof found to be infested with phylloxera. (Royal Order
No. 3508, published in Monitorul Oficial No. 111 of Aug. 18, 1899, p. 6.)
Potatoes not accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate or found to be in-
fected or infested with potato wart (Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.)
Perc.); Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say); or potato
tuber worm (Gnorimoschema operculella Zell.). (Decree No. 10494 of Mar. 14,
1928, and Order of Mar. 14, 1932, pp. 11 and 12.)
Beans infested by the bean weevil (Acanthoscelides obtectus Say) or without
phytosanitary certificate. (Order No. 154238 of June 7, 1934, p. 13.)
Forage-plant seeds containing dodder seeds (Cuscuta spp.). (Decree No. 18
of Jan. 28, 1925, p. 14.)
Pinus strobus, P. lambertiana, P. flexilis, P. cembra var. sibirica: Importation
of young plants and seeds prohibited for 5 years from May 5, 1936, the date of
the ministerial decision, to prevent the introduction and spread of white pine
blister rust (Cronartium ribicola Fisch.). (Ministerial Decision of May 5, 1936,
see p. 15.)
145199-37--3






34 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-March

IMPORTATION RESTRICTED

Plants and parts thereof, except seeds, must be accompanied by a shipper's
declaration of origin and a Phylloxera certificate: (Royal Order No. 358 pub-
lished in Monitorul Oficial No. 111 of Aug. 18, 1899.) (See also the San Jose
scale restrictions, p. 6.)
Fruits and ornamental shrubs and trees, grapevines, as well as cuttings and
shoots thereof: Must be accompanied by a certificate issued by competent
authority affirming freedom of place of production from San Jose scale and
that the plants have been fumigated with hydrocyanic acid gas. (Ministerial
Order No. 220659, Nov. 3, 1934, p. 9.) (See also Phylloxera restrictions, p. 6.)
Fresh flowers, tubers, and bulbs from any source: Must be accompanied
by a phytosanitary certificate, indicating origin, issued by competent authority
of country of origin. (Order No. 220659 of Nov. 3, 1934, art. 5, p. 10.)
Plants, parts of plants, and seeds from foreign countries, in transit through
Rumania: Must also be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate indicating
origin and affirming freedom from parasites or insects harmful to agriculture.
(Journal No. 2055 of Oct. 4, 1934, art. 9, p. 10.)
Potatoes must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate affirming free-
dom from potato wart, Colorado potato beetle, potato tuber worm, and other
injurious pests. (Decree No. 10494 of Mar. 14, 1928, and Order of Mar. 14, 1932,
pp. 10 and 11.)
Beans, green or dried, must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate in
the form approved by the International Convention for Plant Protection, Rome,
April 16, 1929, as a precaution against the bean weevil (Acanthoscelides obtec-
tus). (Order No. 154238, of June 7, 1934.)
Forage-plant seeds will be tested to determine purity, germinability, and free-
dom from dodder (Cuscuta spp.). (Decree No. 318 of Jan. 28, 1925.)

IMPORTATION UNRESTRICTED

Wine, raisins: seeds of all kinds (except forage plant seeds), including
grape and vegetable seeds; cut flowers; fruits of all kinds (except grapes).
(Royal Order No. 3508, published in Monitorul Oficial No. 111, of Aug. 18, 1899.)

GENERAL REGULATIONS
[Journal No. 2055, Council of Ministers, Oct. 4, 1934]

CHAPTER 3. IMPORTATION AND TRANSIT OF PLANT PRODUCTS SUBJECT TO
PHYTOSANITARY CONTROL

Phytosanitary certificate required

ARTICLE 9. Plants, parts of plants, and seeds proceeding from foreign coun-
tries are admitted to importation and transit only when accompanied by a
phytosanitary certificate, indicating origin, affirming that those products are
neither infected nor infested, and that they do not contain parasites or insects
harmful to agriculture.
These certificates must be issued by an authorized official institute of the
exporting country and be recognized by the Rumanian Minister of Agriculture
and Domains.
Authorized ports of entry

ART. 10. The importation and transit of plants, parts of plants, and seeds
will be effected only at the following frontier stations: Grigore Ghica Vodi,
Halmeiu, Curtici, Jimbolia, Giurgiu, Constanta, and Tighina.
The Minister of Agriculture, through the plant protection service, will
organize a permanent control at those stations.

Imports of plants subject to inspection

ART. 11. Every shipment of plants, parts of plants, or seeds, even when
furnished with a phytopathological certificate, will be subject to inspection
by officials of the plant protection service of the Ministry of Agriculture or by
its delegates. The expenses thereof fall upon the importer; the fees will be
established by the Minister of Agriculture in accordance with a uniform tariff.






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 35

ART. 12. The phytosanitary control of plants, parts of plants, or seeds pro-
ceeding from foreign countries may be effected even when those products are
in transit.
Procedure with infected shipments

ART. 14. The plant protection service, upon advice of the section of phyto-
pathology of the Rumanian Institute of Agricultural Research (I. C. A. R.),
will annually publish in Monitorul Oficial, and will transmit to the Inter-
national Institute of Agriculture, Rome, the list of plant diseases, insects, and
parasites from which it is necessary to protect the crops of Rumania.

PHYLLOXERA RESTRICTIONS

The law of July 1, 1891, promulgated by Royal Order No. 1029 of July 1, 1891,
and published in Monitorul Oficial No. 76 of July 7, 1891, with amendments of
articles 4, 12, and 17, and supplemented by Royal Order No. 1309, and pub-
lished in Monitorul Oficial No. 285 of March 28, 1899. Regulations approved
by Royal Order No. 3508 and published in Monitorul Oficial No. 111 of
August 18, 1899--abstracted.

LAW FOR COMBATING PHYLLOXERA

Part 2, article 4. Commerce in American and domestic grapevines is free;
however, importation may be made only with ministerial approval.
Part 4. Importation, exportation, and traffic in grapevines and other plants.

IMPORT PERMIT REQUIRED

ART. 21. The importation of American and native grapevines of any variety
may be made direct by the grower or representative of the grower.
The import permit will be issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Domains.
The applicant will transmit the permit to the shipper, who will attach it to
the bill of lading in order that the shipment may proceed without further
formality on its arrival at the customs station. .

SHIPPER'S DECLARATION AND PHYLLOXERA CERTIFICATE REQUIRED

ART. 22. The importation into Rumania of the articles and products men-
tioned in article 6 of the law is free under the following conditions:
(a) They must be packed in wood cases, the covers of which are secured
with screws to facilitate inspection. They must be accompanied by a shippers'
declaration indicating:
1. That the contents of the shipment are entirely from his establishment.
2. The locality where the shipment will cross the frontier into Rumania, and
the address of the consignee.
3. That there are no stems or parts of grapevines in the packing.
4. Whether or not the plants have soil adhering to the roots.
5. The declaration shall bear a legible signature of the shipper.
(b) The shipment must also be accompanied by a phylloxera certificate in
prescribed form, issued by the competent authority, containing a statement
of an official expert-
1. That the plants came from ground, planting, or garden, separated by at
least 20 meters from old -grapevine stocks, or by other obstacle to the roots
deemed sufficient by competent authority.
2. That if stocks infested with phylloxera had been grown there, the com-
plete destruction of insects and roots had been effected by repeated applica-
tions of disinfectants and investigations for a period of 3 years.

PACKING OF GRAPEVINES

ART. 23. Slips, rooted and unrooted cuttings, and branches of grapevines
imported into districts infested with phylloxera, on the basis of an authoriza-
tion through an organization of the Ministry shall be packed in cases, the covers
of which are secured with screws to facilitate opening and closing on the spot.
The importation and transit of grapevines by mail is prohibited.






36 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE Jan.-Marh

PACKING OF IMPORTED GRAPES

ART. 24. The importation of table and wine grapes and of grape skins (grape
mare) is permitted only under the following conditions:
(a) Table grapes must be well packed in cases, baskets, or boxes that are
easy to open and close on the spot.
(b) Grapes intended for wine making must be crushed and packed in tight
barrels. The receptacles must be thoroughly clean so that no particles of soil
or of grapevines remain. They must have a capacity of 5 hectoliters.
(c) Grape skins (marc) must be packed in tightly closed cases or barrels
that are easy to inspect.
ENTRY UNRESTRICTED

ART. 25. The importation of wine, raisins, grape seeds, vegetable seeds, eut
flowers, seeds, and fruits of all kinds is unrestricted.
ART 30. No shipment intended for importation or exportation may be accom-
panied by or contain refuse and leaves of grapevines.
ART. 31. Concerns the disposal of irregular shipments.

SAN JOSE SCALE RESTRICTIONS
[Ministerial Order No. 220659, Nov. 3, 1934]

CERTIFICATION REQUIRED

ARTICx 1. To prevent the introduction of San Jose Scale (Aspidiotus perni-
ciosus Comst.) into Rumania from contaminated countries, the following are
not admitted: Fruit and ornamental shrubs and trees, grapevines, as well as
cuttings and shoots thereof-
(a) Unless they proceed from an orchard, garden, or nursery not infested
by San Jose Scale and unless that pest has not been determined within a radiu
of 5 kilometers of the locality or vicinity of the locality of origin.
(b) Unless they have been disinfected on leaving the orchard, garden, or
nursery, by fumigation with hydrocyanic acid gas.
(c) Unless furnished with i phytopathological certificate issued by competent
authorities, in which it is specially declared that the conditions of (a) and (b)
have been met.

COUNTRIES CONTAMINATED WITH SAN JOSE SCALE

ART. 2. The following countries are deemed contaminated: North America,
South America, Australia, China, Japan, the Indies, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor,
Hungary, Austria, Yugoslavia, Spain, and Portugal.

CONDITIONS FOR TRANSIT

ART. 3. The transit of the plants and parts of plants indicated in article 1,
proceeding from contaminated countries is authorized only in through saled
cars, furnished with the phytopathological certificate, including the statements
set forth in article 1.
Certificates issued more than 10 days prior to the date of shipment are not
recognized.
PLANTS FROM NONCONTAMINATED COUNTRIES

ART. 4. The plants and parts of plants indicated in article 1, proceeding
from noncontaminated countries, are admitted to importation if accompanied
by a phytopathological certificate issued by recognized authorities and contain-
ing the statements specified in article 1.

FLOWERS AND BULBS

ART. 5. Fresh flowers, tubers, and bulbs are admitted without special approval
on payment of the legal dues and if furnished with a phytopathological certif-
cate issued by recognized institutions.






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 37

RESTRICTIONS ON TRANSIT OF PLANTS AND PLANT PRODUCTS
[Journal No. 2055, Council of Ministers, session of Oct. 4, 1934, ch. 3]

PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE REQUIRED

ART. 9. Plants, parts of plants, and seeds proceeding from foreign countries
are admitted to importation and transit only when accompanied by phytopatho-
logical certificates indicating origin, affirming that those products are neither
infected nor infested and do not contain parasites or insects harmful to agri-
culture. These certificates must be issued by an authorized official institute
of the exporting country and be recognized by the Rumanian Minister of Agri-
culture and Domains.

AUTHORIZED PORTS OF ENTRY FOR TRANSIT SHIPMENTS

ART. 10. The importation and transit of plants, parts of plants, and seeds,
will be permitted only at the following frontier stations: Grigore, Ghica, Vodd,
Halmeiu, Curtici, Jimbolia, Giurgiu, Constanta, and Tighina.

INSPECTION ON ARRIVAL

ART. 11. Every shipment of plants, parts of plants, and seeds, even when
provided with a phytosanitary certificate, will be subject to control (inspec-
tion) by officials of the Plant Protection Service of the Ministry of Agriculture
or by its delegates, at the expense of the importer.
ART. 12. This control may be effected even when those products are in
transit.
ART. 13. Relates to the disposal of infected shipments.

RESTRICTIONS ON THE IMPORTATION OF POTATOES TO PREVENT THE INTRODUCTION
OF WART
[Decree No. 10494 of the Ministry of Agriculture and Domains, Mar. 14, 1928]

PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE REQUIRED

ARTICLE 1. The importation of potatoes originating in countries where potato
wart prevails is permitted only on the basis of a phytopathological certificate
in which is indicated the locality in which the potatoes were grown and
whether or not the wart disease occurs within a radius of 25 kilometers from
the place of production. The certificate must be issued by an authorized repre-
sentative of the phytopathological service of the exporting country.

WART-INFECTED COUNTRIES

The countries infected with potato wart are: Czechoslovakia, Denmark,
Finland, France, Great Britain, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, and
Sweden.
Potatoes from countries contiguous to those infected by wart disease may be
imported only on the basis of a phytopathological certificate in which it is
affirmed that no wart occurs in the locality in which the potatoes were grown.
Countries contiguous to wart-infected countries are: Austria, Bulgaria,
Hungary, Luxemburg, Spain, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and Yugoslavia.
ART. 2. The director general of the agricultural service is entrusted with
the administration of these provisions.

ADDITIONAL POTATO RESTRICTIONS TO PREVENT THE INTRODUCTION OF COLORADO
POTATO BEETLE, TUBER WORM, AND WART
[Order of the Minister of Agriculture and Domains of Mar. 14, 1932]

PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE REQUIRED

ARTICLE 1. The importation is permitted only of those potato tubers which
are accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by a competent technical
official of the exporting country affirming that the potatoes are free from the






38 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-March

following pests: Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa, deemlineata); potato
tuber worm (Gnorimoschema operculella) ; and potato wart (ynchytrium
endobioticum). The certificate shall correspond to that approved by the
International Convention for Plant Protection, Rome, April 16, 1929, and shall
be issued in the language of the exporting country and an international
language (since English is an international language, a certificate in English
will suffice). The certificate shall include a shippers' declaration of origin
and health of the goods, authenticated by the local authority, and the declara-
tion of the technical official that the product was inspected at the time of
loading into cars and was found free from diseases and pests (special mention
being made of those named above), and that the sacks, cases, and cars were
sealed in his presence; the car numbers; and the number of packages.
The divisions of plant protection and entomology and the plart protection
station in Bessarabia of the Institute of Agricultural Research of the Ministry
of Agriculture and Domains have the right to have all shipments corresponding
to the provisions of the Order inspected.
Shipments without certificates will not be admitted into Rumania but will
be returned at the frontier station; shipments that are accompanied by cer-
tificates, but which are found by the Rumanian plant quarantine inspector to
be infected or infested will be returned or destroyed at the expense of the
owner. A report of this action will be prepared and immediately sent to the
Government of the exporting country.

TRANSIT REQUIREMENTS

The transit of potatoes through Rumania is permitted in through, closed,
sealed cars, which must be accompanied by certificates of origin and health.
Certificates issued more than 10 days before shipment are not valid.
ART. 2. The director of the politico-scientific division is entrusted with the
administration of the foregoing order.

IMPORTATION OF BEANS RESTRICTED TO PREVENT INTRODUCTION OF THE BEAN
WEEVIL (ACANTHOSCELIDES OBTECTUS)
[Order No. 154238 of the Minister of Agriculture and Domains, June 7, 1934]

PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE REQUIRED

ARTICLE 1. To prevent the introduction of the bean weevil (Acanthoscelides
obtectus Say) every shipment of beans (green or dried) will be held at the
frontier if it is not accompanied by a phytopathological certificate issued by a
competent official authorized to do so by the exporting country.
This certificate, prepared in accordance with that approved by the Interna-
tional Convention for Plant Protection, will be issued in the language of the
exporting country and in an international language and will include all the data
of that certificate.
ARTS. 2, 3, and 4. Disposal of shipments on arrival.

TRANSIT SHIPMENTS

ART. 5. Transit traffic in beans through Rumanian territory is permitted only
in through cars, sealed and accompanied by the original of the phytopathologi-
cal certificate.
ALT. 6. Certificates issued more than 10 days before the date of shipment will
not be deemed valid.

RESTRICTIONS ON THE IMPORTATION OF FORAGE-PLANT SEEDS
[Royal Decree No. 318 of Jan. 28, 1925]

CLASSES OF SEEDS AFFECTED

ARTICLE 1. Commerce in alfalfa and clover seeds and all other forage-plant
seeds of the family Legriminoseae and Gramineae is subject to control by the
Ministry of Agriculture and Domains.
ART. 2. Names the agricultural stations through which the control is exer-
cised.






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 39

ART. 3. In order to exercise an efficacious control of commerce in the above-
named seeds, the Ministry of Agriculture and Domains will issue to the staff of
agronomic stations, agricultural advisers, regional agronomists, inspectors of
the Ministry of Agriculture, and other official specialists, permanent authoriza-
tions permitting them to make a search on the spot and, if necessary, to take
samples for analysis.

ENTRY OF DODDER SEEDS PROHIBITED

ART. 17. The importation is prohibited of forage-plant seeds that contain
dodder (Cuscuta spp.) or other parasitic plants harmful to fields sown with
grass, clover, or other forage crops.

AUTHORIZED PORTS OF ENTRY

ART. 18. Forage-plant seeds may be imported through the following customs
ports of entry: Halmi, Timishoara, Arad, Ghica-Vodit, Galatzi, Sibiu, Con-
stantza, and Bucharest.

CONDITIONS OF ENTRY

ART. 19. The classes of seeds named in article 1 must meet the following
conditions in order to qualify for importation:
(a) They must not contain a single dodder seed, whether mature or green
and whether germinable or not.
(b) They must have a germinability lying within the prescribed limits.
(c) They must be delivered in sacks bearing a serial number, whole and
without patches.
(d) The importer must present at the customs port of entry a declaration of
importation in duplicate, in the prescribed form.
ARTS. 20 to 28. Relate to sampling and analysis of seeds, penalties, etc.

IMPORTATION OF FIVE-LEAFED PINES PROHIBITED
[Ministerial Decision No. 93554, May 5, 1936]

ARTICLE 1. The introduction is prohibited of young plants and seeds of white
pine (Pinus strobus L.), sugar pine (P. lambertiana Douglas), limber pine
(P. flexilis James), and Swiss stone pine (P. cemibra var. sibirica Oud.) for a
period of 5 years from the promulgation of the present decision.
ART. 2. The entire stocks of pines of the above-named species found in
infested nurseries will be destroyed by fire.
ART. 3. The growing of those species of pines in infested nurseries is pro-
hibited for a period of 5 years.
ART. 4. In addition to the above provisions, any other necessary measures
will be taken to prevent the spread of white-pine blister rust.


B. E. P. Q. 422, Supplement No. 1.
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, KINGDOM OF RUMANIA

MARCH 23, 1937.
The restrictions already imposed on the importation of plants into Rumania
by the phylloxera and San Jose scale orders (see pp. 6 and 9 of B. E. P. Q.
422) have now been supplemented by those of Ministerial Order No. 220852
of October 23, 1936, the text of which follows:

IMPORTATION OF PLANTS FROM CERTAIN COUNTRIES RESTRICTED ON ACCOUNT OF
COLORADO POTATO BEETLE

ARTICLE 1. The importation of plants, parts thereof (bulbs, tubers, rhizomes,
roots) from Belgium, Canada, England, France, Germany, Mexico, Switzerland,
and the United States, as well as from other countries which later may be
known to have become infested by the Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa
decemlineata Say), is permissible only under the following conditions:






40 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-Mar

1. All the above-mentioned products must be accompanied by a valid phto-
sanitary certificate issued by an official organization recognized by the Rumanian
Government.
2. The phytosanitary certificate accompanying the shipment must affirm
that:
(a) The products comprising the shipment are free from larvae or adults
of the insect.
(b) The packing and parts of plants are free from earth.
(c) The place of origin is situated at least 200 kilometers from the locality
declared infested by this pest.
ART. 2. In case of necessity, this measure can be extended to a complete
prohibition of importation of the above-mentioned products.
Apparently this Order constitutes an absolute prohibition against the impor-
tation of plants and parts of plants from the United States.
LEA A. STRONe,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.

B. E. P. Q. 423.
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, COLONY OF MAURITIUS
FEBRUARY 23, 1937.
This summary of the plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Colony of
Mauritius has been prepared for the information of nurserymen, plant-quaran-
tine officials, and others interested in the exportation of plants and plant
products to that Colony.
It was prepared by Harry B. Shaw, plant quarantine inspector in charge,
Foreign Information Service, Division of Foreign Plant Quarantines, from
Proclamation No. 10, of February 29, 1936.
The information contained in this circular is believed to be correct and
complete up to the time of preparation, but it is not intended to be used inde-
pendently of, nor as a substitute for, the original texts, and it is not to be
interpreted as legally authoritative.
LE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, COLONY OF MAURITIUS

BASIC LEGISLATION

Ordinance No. 4, June 30, 1910, to prevent the introduction into the Colony
of diseases of plants.
This ordinance authorizes the Governor in Executive Council to prohibit or
restrict importation of articles from any place.

PROCLAMATION No. 10, FEBRUARY 29, 1936

Under the authority of Ordinance No. 4, Proclamation No. 10, February 29,
1936, prohibits or restricts the importation into the Colony of Mauritius of the
following :
IMPORTATION PROHIBITED

Live plants of all sorts, including roots, tubers, cuttings, and grafts in any
description of earth or soil: Importation prohibited from any source.
Earth and leaf and garden mold; dung or animal droppings (except guano,
and dung and animal droppings from Rodrigues) ; forage timber with bark
on: Importation from any source prohibited.
Seeds of plants for use as green dressings: Prohibited from Reunion.
IMPORTATION RESTRIOTED

Grapevine plants proceeding from countries where phylloxera exists: Im-
portation allowed only when the plants are accompanied by a certificate signed
by the Director of Agriculture, or other competent official authority of the






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 41


country of origin, to the effect that the vines have not been exposed to infesta-
tion by phylloxera for the 6 weeks prior to the date of shipment.
Sand and ballast: Importation allowed only under a permit previously
obtained from the Director of Agriculture subject to such conditions as he may
prescribe.
Tobacco seeds from any country or place, including the Dependencies of
Mauritius: Importation permitted only if the seeds are either accompanied
by a certificate of competent authority of the country of origin that the seeds
have been properly disinfected before shipment, or, in the absence of a cer-
tificate, after disinfection in the Colony by the Department of Agriculture before
delivery.
Potatoes from any source: From July 1, 1936, importation will be permitted
only when each shipment is accompanied by a certificate, issued by com-
petent authority of the country of origin, affirming that the potatoes original ed
in a district free from potato wart (Synchytriumn (ctldobioticitm (Schilb.) Per:.),
and Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa dcccifllinc 7 t Say).

IMPORTATION ONLY UNDER PERMIT
The following articles may be imported only under a permit previously
obtained from the Director of Agriculture. The issuance of the permit shall
be in the discretion of the Director of Agriculture, who may attach condi-
tions or may limit the number of plants, cuttings, or other articles to be
imported.
Sugarcanes or cuttings, or any other part thereof, and living vegetable parts
of any other member of the family Gramineae.
Living plants or bulbils of agave or fourcroea.
Dung or animal droppings from Rodrigues.
Live plants of all sorts, and parts thereof, and all seeds and fresh fruits
when imported by air transport.

IMPORTATION SUIJECT TO INSPECTION ON ARRIVAL
The following articles when imported under a permit from the Director of
Agriculture, or where the importation thereof is not prohibited, shall before
delivery at the port of entry be inspected by an authorized official:
Sugarcane or cuttings thereof.
Live plants of all sorts, including roots, tubers, cuttings, grafts, buds, and
all parts or sections of any sort, of live plants.
All seeds and fresh fruits whatsoever.
Dung or animal droppings from Rodrigues.
If, on such inspection, the articles are found to be not free from pests or
diseases, they may be ordered to be destroyed by the consignee or his agent
under the supervision of the inspecting officer, or to be subjected to such process
of disinfection or treatment as the inspection officer may prescribe, and the
consignee or his agent shall pay in respect of such treatment such fees and
charges as are prescribed. Containers and packing also may be destroyed.
Sugarcanes, live plants, and parts thereof may be grown in quarantine sub-
ject to inspection by the Department of Agriculture during at least 12 months
from the date of importation and treated according to findings during that
period.
The Government reserves the right to import any plant material it may
require for scientific purposes.

B. E. P. Q. 424.
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, COLONY OF GAMBIA

MAR( H 3, 1937.
This summary of tlie plant-qualrantine import res trictionls o)f ihe Colony of
Gambia has been prepared for the infornmation of nurserymen, plah lt-lquaralinine
officials, and others interested in the exportation of plants and plant products
to that colony.
It was prepared by Harry 1t. Shaw, plant quarantine inspector ill charge,
Foreign Information Service, Division of Foreign Plant Q:uarantilnes, from the
Plant Importation and Regulation Ordinance No. 2, of March 14, 1986, and
proclamations promulgated thereunder.






42 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE Jan.-March

The information contained in this circular is believed to be correct and
complete up to the time of publication, but it is not intended to be used inde-
pendently of, nor as a substitute for, the original texts, and it is not to be
interpreted as legally authoritative. The original texts should be consulted.
LE A. STRONG,
Chlef, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantne.


PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, COLONY OF GAMBIA

BASIC LEGISLATION
[The Plant Importation and Regulation Ordinance, No. 2, Mar. 14, 1936]

DEFINITIONS

Section 2 of the Ordinance No. 2 includes the following definitions:
Plant.-Shall include everything in the nature of a plant, and the fruit,
leaves, cuttings, bark, or any part thereof whatsoever, whether living or dead,
severed or attached, but shall not include seed, unless specifically mentioned,
nor manufactured products of plants;
Pest.-Shall mean any insect or other invertebrate animal that may be in-
jurious to agricultural or horticultural crops;
Plant disease.-Shall mean any disease caused by fungus, bacterium, virus,
or other organism that may be injurious to agricultural or horticultural crops.
SEC. 4. Authorizes the Governor-in-Council to make regulations for all or
any of the following purposes:
(a.) Prohibiting, restricting, or regulating the importation into the Colony
of any plant, seed, soil, manure, containers, straw, and other packing material
or any other similar goods or things;
(b) Prescribing or designating the authority which may prescribe the con-
ditions on which any such goods or things as are referred to in the preceding
paragraph may be imported into the Colony, including conditions to become
operative after importation;
(c) Prescribing the places at which any goods or things may be imported
into the Colony when not imported by mail;
(d) Providing for the detention and examination of any such goods or things
on their importation into the Colony;
(e) Providing for the destruction of any such goods or things which upon
importation are found to be infected with any plant disease or pest for their
treatment by the Agricultural Department or otherwise, and for the similar
treatment of any such goods or things as a precautionary measure whether
or not found to be infected.
Any regulation made under this section may be limited in its application
to goods or things coming from particular countries, and such countries may
either be specified in the regulation or in a notice by the Governor, who may
also prescribe penalties for any breach of any such regulations.

IMPORTATION PROHIBITED
[Proclamation No. la, Jan. 12, 1925]

Importation of maize and nwize straw prohibited.-The importation into the
Colony and Protectorate of Gambia is prohibited of any maize or maize straw
having come either directly or indirectly from the Gold Coast Colony, Ashanti,
West Indies, or the United States of America.


B. E. P. Q. 425 (supersedes B. E. P. Q. 377).
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, UNION OF SOVIET
SOCIALIST REPUBLICS
MARCH 3, 1937.
This summary of the plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics has been prepared for the information of nurserymen,






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 43

plant-quarantine officials, and others interested in the exportation of plants
and plant products to that Union.
It was prepared by Harry B. Shaw, plant quarantine inspector, in charge,
foreign information service, Division of Foreign Plant Quarantines, from the
translations made by Ralph Shemin, plant -quarantine inspector of this Bureau
at the port of New York, of the decrees and regulations promulgated by the
People's Commissariat of Agriculture, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, under
the authority of decree No. 2598 of November 20, 1934, of the Council of People's
Commissars of that Union, and reviewed by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic
Quarantines, People's Commissariat of Agriculture, Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics.
The information contained in this circular is believed to be correct and
complete up to the time of preparation, but it is not intended to be used
independently of, nor as a substitute for, the original texts, and it is not to be
interpreted as legally authoritative.
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, UNION OF SOVIET
SOCIALIST REPUBLICS

BASIC LEGISLATION

Decree no. 2598, November 20, 1934, of the Council of People's Commissars of
the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Sovnarkom), on the Protection of the
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics against the Introduction and Distribution of
Agricultural and Forest Pests and Noxious Weeds.
This decree charges the People's Commissariat of Agriculture of the Union
of Soviet Socialist Republics (Narkomzem) with the organization and adminis-
tration of the domestic and foreign plant quarantine measures of the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics which shall apply to all plant material capable of
propagation, and to other agricultural products that are capable of conveying
the said pests and diseases.
The Narkomzem is authorized to determine what plant material shall be
subject to quarantine measures, and to list the pests, diseases, and noxious
weeds against which phytosanitary measures shall be directed, and to require
a permit in advance for their importation, to promulgate regulations under
foreign and domestic quarantines, and to impose penalties for infractions of the
provisions of such regulations.

SUMMARY

IMPORTATION PROHIBITED

Plants and plant products listed in article 13 of decree no. 2749, October 28,
1935: Importation prohibited except by government institutions for scientific
purposes. (See pp. 7 to 8.)
Grapevine propagating material: Props and poles that have been used in
infested vineyards; soil and cultivating implements that have been used in
vineyards in infested areas: Introduction into noninfested areas of Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics prohibited. (Art. 1, decree no. 345, Jan. 13, 1935;
see p. 10.)
Cottonseed, cotton, cotton wastes, etc., listed in article 1, decree no. 2384, June
14, 1935: Importation prohibited except by the All-Union Institute of Plant
Industry for scientific purposes. (See p. 12.)
Potatoes for any purpose, live plants of Solanaceae, and parts thereof except
seeds; cultivating implements that have been used on fields infested with the
pests and diseases named in article 1 of decree no. 2306, May 15, 1935: Importa-
tion prohibited except by the All-Union Institute of Plant Industry for scientific
purposes. (See p. 14.)
Weed seeds of quarantine importance listed in the decree of April 7, 1965:
Importation prohibited except for scientific purposes. (See p. 16.)
Diseases and pests comprising groups 1 and 2 of decree no. 2598, November 20,
1934: Importation prohibited except under special permit for scientific purposes.
(See p. 19 et seq.)






44 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-March

IMPORTATION RESTRIOTED

Plants and plant products listed in article 2, decree no. 2749, October 28, 1935:
Importation subject to quarantine restrictions, namely, import permit in advance
of shipment, phytosanitary certificate issued by competent authority of country
of origin, and inspection on arrival. (See pp. 4 and 5.)

GENERAL REGULATIONS

Promulgated by the People's Commissariat of Agriculture of the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics, under decree no. 2749, October 28, 1935.

MATERIAL AFFECTED

ARTICLE 1. In order to safeguard the territory of the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics from the possibility of the introduction and distribution of agricul-
tural and forest pests, plant diseases, and weeds the existence of which is
entirely unknown, or which are not widely distributed in the Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics, the foreign plant quarantine is established in accordance
with the list compiled by the People's Commissariat of Agriculture of the
articles subject thereto.
ART. 2. The quarantine is applicable to the materials listed below imported
from abroad into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, regardless of quantity
and ultimate use:
(a) Seeds of cultivated and wild plants (for collections, selected varieties
for propagation, for technical purposes, or for consumption).
(b) All kinds of roots, rhizomes, tubers, bulbs, fruits, and syncarps.
(c) Live plants or parts thereof, rooted seedlings, cuttings, grapevines and
parts thereof, scions, shoots, buds, layers, etc., and other parts of live plants.
(d) Collections of all kinds of wild and cultivated plants, including entire
plants or parts thereof, regardless of the method of preparation and character
of the specimens, including pressed herbarium specimens, dried in the natural
state, of higher and lower types of plants (phanerogams and cryptogams), and
entomological collections of all kinds.
(e) Agricultural raw material and products; raw cotton,3 ginned cotton,
linters, and cotton wastes, and the fibers of other malvaceous plants (Hibiscus
spp. etc.).
(f) Wrapping and packing material capable of carrying infection; wraps
that may have served to pack raw cotton, and other materials listed in articles
13 and 16; also textiles, paper, excelsior, straw, hay, seaweed, moss, and other
materials that have served as packing for seeds, planting material, live plants
and parts thereof, named in the present list.
(g) Soil, soil briquettes, soil samples, and soil in containers with live plants.
ART. 3. Inspection on arrival.-The quarantine inspection and examination of
the materials named in article 2 are effected by quarantine inspectors at points
of entry (ports, customhouses, airports, and frontier stations) or such materials
are sent to quarantine laboratories for more thorough examination.
ART. 4. Import permit required for each shipment.-The importation into the
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics from abroad of shipments of the materials
listed in article 2 is allowed only under a special quarantine permit issued in
each case by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Quarantines, People's Com-
missariat of Agriculture, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, upon application
by the interested organizations. The permits are filed in advance by the estab-
lished offices of the People's Commissariat for Foreign Trade, Division of
Imports.
ART. 5. Phytosanitary certificate required.-In connection with the purchase in
foreign countries of material subject to quarantine restriction (under license
issued by the P. C. F. T., U. S. S. R.), importing organizations must demand from
foreign exporters an official certificat, for each shipment, issued by the quar-
antine service or other official plant protection organization of the exporting
country. The certificate must affirm that the shipment concerned is free from
quarantined pests (insects and diseases) listed by the Bureau of Foreign and
Domestic Quarantines, of the People's Commissariat of Agriculture, Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics, in its import permit issued to the purchasing organ-

SFor details of cotton restrictions see decree no. 2384, p. 12.






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 45

izations; or certify to the effect that the material originated in regions free
from the quarantined pests named.
ART. 6. Plant material in baggage subject to inspection.-Unlicensed lots of
material and products mentioned in article 2 also are subject to quarantine
inspection and examination on importation from abroad, regardless of the
means of entry, namely:
(a) Those included in general and hand baggage of passengers arriving from
abroad as unlicensed and duty-free goods for personal use in accordance with
the customs regulations.
(b) Those in postal shipments, not intended for commercial purposes; namely,
in parcels not exceeding 10 kilograms gross weight, allowed by the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics without licenses and delivered to addresses in ac-
cordance with the order of the People's Commissariat of Communications No.
775, June 23, 1933.
ART. 7. Notice of arrival required.-Administrations of customs ports and air-
ports, and shipping and express organizations at whose controlled areas of cus-
toms and ports shipments arrive, must immediately notify the Quarantine In-
spection Service of each arrival of quarantined material, regardless of quantity
or ultimate use, and safeguard the same in isolated places in a manner that will
insure their segregation until a quarantine certificate is received, reporting their
freedom from communicable pests, regardless of the presence of the appropriate
foreign phytosanitary certificate.
ART. 8. Disposal of infected shipments.-If, during the quarantine inspection
or examination (of each shipment, parcel post package, baggage or hand bag-
gage of passengers arriving in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics at various
ports, customhouses and laboratories) pests and diseases named in the official
list of insects and plant diseases subject to quarantine, or new species not
known to exist in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and not yet included
in the official list, are found, the Quarantine Inspection Service will effect the
following measures, as a result of the discovery of such harmful insects or
diseases:
(a) Complete embargo-return to country of origin or the destruction of the
entire lot at the point of entry.
(b) Removal and destruction of the affected portions of the material and re-
lease of the uninfected remainder for admission into the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics, after the required disinfection prescribed by the Plant Quarantine
Inspection Service.
(c) Required fumigation or disinfection in the necessary treatment chambers.
(d) Prescribing a certain route of transit through the territory of the Union
of Soviet Socialist Republics.
(e) Restricting the localities, methods, and use of such material and products
in the realm of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
ART. 9. Destruction of dangerous material.-If the condition of the infected
shipment is such that its retention constitutes a potential danger of infesting
the territory with injurious insects and diseases subject to quarantine, such
shipment shall be subject to destruction. The Quarantine Inspection Service
must immediately destroy the same and prepare a legal document of such action
in the presence of representatives of the People's Commissariat of the Interior,
of customs and, if possible, of the consignee. The Administration of Customs
and Ports must offer full cooperation at this quarantine inspection.
ARTS. 10, 11, and 12 do not concern the foreign shipper.

IMPORTATION PROHIBITED

ART. 13. No one, except certain government institutions mentioned in article
14 of this decree, is allowed to import the following plants and plant products
from abroad:
(a) Potatoes, for technical purposes, consumption, or propagation, on account
of the wide distribution in foreign countries of potato wart (Synchtrium en-
dobioticum (Schilb.) Perc.) ; Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata
Say) ; potato tuber moth ((Phthorimaea) Gnorimoschema operculella Zell.);
potato nematodes (Heterodera rostochiensis Woll.), which are not known to
exist in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
(b) All kinds of root crops, tubers, and all other subterranean vegetables
and growing food products, also aerial vegetables with parts of the root system
in soil, even with minute particles of soil clinging to parts of plants.






46 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-March

(c) Bulbs, rhizomes, tubers, roots, and other subterranean parts of flowering
and ornamental plants for private persons.
(d) Any kind of live plants in pots or otherwise packed in soil; soil alone
intended for plants.
(e) Citrus planting and grafting material infected with citrus canker from
the following countries: Australia, Hawaii, India, Indo-China, Malayan Islands,
Siam, Philippines, Formosa, Ceylon, Union of South Africa, Java, Japan, and
the State of Louisiana, United States of America.
(f) Citrus fruits from the above-named countries into Georgia, Soviet Social-
ist Republic (including Abkhazian and Adzarian), Azerbaidjan, Turkoman,
Tadjik, Uzbek, Soviet Socialist Republic, and Azov-Black Sea district.
(g) Any kind of fruit into any port of the Black Sea shore of Georgia, Soviet
Socialist Republic, Abkhazia, Adzaristan, Crimea, Soviet Socialist Republic and
Azov-Black Sea district, and into all points of the Lenkoran district of Azer-
baidjan, Soviet Socialist Republic, from Iran.
(h) Melons and other cucurbitaceous fruits into Pacific ports of the far
eastern section on account of the prevalence, in Japan and in the groups of
islands in the Pacific, of the melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae Coq.), and in the
realm of Turkmensk, Uzbensk, Armiensk, and Gruzinsk, Soviet Socialist Re-
public (including Abchazsk and Adjarsk, S. S. R.). Ukraine, Soviet Socialist
Republic, and Crimea, Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, on account of the
prevalence of the fruitfly (Myiopardalis pardalina Big.) in the countries of
southwest Asia.
(i) Seeds of cotton and other species of the family Malvaceae; also all kinds
of collections of the same in the form of live plants, fruiting organs, etc.,
regardless of their origin and destination, on account of the possibility of
introducing with them the larvae of the pink bollworm Pectinophora gossypiella
Saund. and other destructive insects and diseases of cotton.
NOTE.-Exceptions to the prohibitions.-The All-Union Institute of Plant In-
dustry of the All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences in the name of Lenin
and the Principal Administration of Subtropical Plant Breeding, People's Com-
missariat of Agriculture, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, are exempt from
the above prohibition. They may be permitted to import for the purpose of
scientific experiments the materials mentioned in article 13 (by ordering,
through scientific expeditions, foreign firms, correspondents, by way of ex-
change, gifts, etc.). However, the following requirements must be observed:
(a) In case of the receipt of such materials on advance orders, a quarantine
permit must be obtained from the Bureau of Quarantines of the People's Com-
missariat of Agriculture, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
(b) If material is received by way of exchange, gifts, etc., the release of such
material will be allowed in accordance with article 6, section (b).
(c) During the use of the above-mentioned materials for scientific purposes,
quarantine measures (means of disinfection, retention in quarantine green-
houses and nurseries, etc.) will be established in each instance by the Bureau
of Foreign and Domestic Quarantines of the People's Commissariat of Agri-
culture, or by its authorized Quarantine Inspection Service.
ART. 14. The right to order from abroad seed and propagating material
(enumerated in sections (a), (b), (c) of article 2, relating to fruits, berries,
and forest and other ornamental plants) is granted to scientific institutions of
the Union (specializing institutions, botanical gardens, etc.) only through the
All-Union Institute of Plant Industry of the All-Union Academy of Agricul-
tural Sciences in the name of Lenin (for farm, fruit, berry, and technical
industries) and through the botanical institute of the All-Union Academy of
Sciences (for forest and ornamental industries).
NOTE.-The receipt of such materials in the form of unlicensed parcel-post
packages is accomplished in accordance with section (b) of article 6.

AUTHORIZED PORTS OF ENTRY

ART. 15. The following restrictions on points of entry into the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics of shipments of material subject to quarantine apply
to all institutions, organizations, and individuals, whether such shipments are
procured on the basis of licenses issued by the People's Commissariat of For-
eign Trade, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or without license. Likewise,
these restrictions apply to all shipments of foreign origin in transit through
the territory of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.






19371 SEIUE ANI) I EGULAT()V ANN< N'CEMNTS 47


ART. 16. For the importation of shipilents subject to qualrantine into tlhe
realm of the Union of Soviet Socia(list Republlics theI follow ing ports, customs,
and frontier point s are establlished:
(a) For cotton and cotton samples: (See art. 7 of decree no. 345, Jan. 13,
1935, Ip. 14.)
(b) For sc ds (, rce)pt seeds of cotton iad oth(er' spci.c of Malvaceae), also
live plants and parts thereof: Murmansk, Leningrad, Beloostrov, ()strov, Kingi-
sepp, Pskov, Iligosovo, N(oreloie, Sel)ej, Moscow, Shepetovka, (Odessa, IBatuim,
Novoro)ssiisk, MarkaIra, Ba:kul, Gnydan (Ashchabad), Ternz, Vladivostok.
(c) F'or citrus planting material (cuttiiij/s, scions, or stoclrs), xc('ept from
countItries fronm ihic'h import ation, is prohlibitled by quairantin c (.s(e sec. (c),
art. 13): Leningrad, Moscow, Odessa.
(d) Points of importation for materials mentioned in sections (b) and (c)
may be added in case of necessity in each specific instance by the Bureau of
Quarantine when the permit is issued.
(e) For fresh fruit: All frontier points of northern and western lines of the
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Odessa, Nikolaev, Cherson, Baku, and
Vladivostok.
(f) For importation by the Bureau of Plant Introduction of the All-Union
Institute of specimens of:
1. Potatoes and other plants of the family Solanaceae: Leningrad.
2. Sweetlpotatoes: Leningrad and Moscow.
3. All other vegetables: Leningrad. Moscow, Odessa, and Vladivostok.
4. Seeds of cotton and all Malvaceae: Leningrad only.
ART. 17. The importation of live Ilowers without roots or soil is permitted
through all frontier points of the Union.
Articles 18 and 19 deal with the procedure for obtaining import permits.
Article 20 deals with the functions of the People's Commissariat of Agri-
culture.
ART. 21. In particullar instances, upon the arrival of large shipments, the
Bureau of Quarantines may allow I he drawing of samples at random for
laboratory analysis, the entire shipment, however, to be forwarded under quar-
antine to destination. In such cases the organization concerned must safe-
guard such a shipment in isolated compartments under quarantine until such
time as a quarantine certificate stating that the shipment is free from infection
shall have been received.
ART. 22. Deals with penalties for infractions of the regulations.

PHYLLOXERA RESTRICTIONS

[Decree No. 345, Jan. 13, 1935]

ARTICLE 1. Ma terial affected-
(a) Grapevine propagating material, including rooted cuttings and parts
of vines of cultivated and wild varieties.
(b) Props and poles that have been used in vineyards in infested zones.
(c) Soil and cultivating implements that have been used in vineyards in
infested zones.
ART. 2. Phylloxcra zones.-Grape-producing regions of the Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics are subject to division into three zones, according to the
degree of distribution of phylloxera:
(a) Districts free from phylloxera (first zone).
(b) Districts partly infested (second zone).
(c) Districts fully infested (third zone).
ARTS. 3 to 8. Details concerning phylloxera zoning.
ART. 9. Introductionl of g.rapcrinles into 1nonph !Illo.erated zoCes of the Un ion
of ,Soict Socialist Republics prohibited.--The introduction of grape propagat-
ing material, whether from abroad or from fully or partly infested districts
of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics into districts declared free from
phylloxera, is prohibited.
NOTE.-Scientific experiment institutes may bring ill from infested areas
propagating material of Europeoan hybrids and American varieties in the form
of unrooted cuttings only. Each shipment must be sepa rately pIermitted by
the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Quarantines.
ARTS. 10 to 17. Details concerning the planting and movement of grapevines
in the various zones.
ARTS. 18 to 22. Concerning (omestic commnerce in grapevines.






48 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-are

COTTON RESTRICTIONS
[Decree No. 2384, June 14, 1935]
QUARANTINED PESTS AND DISEASES OF COTTON
Anthonormus grandis Boh., cotton boll weevil.
Anthonomus grandis thurberiae Pierce, Thurberia weevil.
Earias insulana Bois., Egyptian cotton bollworm.
Eriophyes gossypii, cotton blister mite.
(Ozonium) Phymatotrichum omnivorum (Shear) Dug., Texas root rot.
Pectinophora gossypiella Saund., pink bollworm.
Platyedra scutigera Hold., Greensland pink bollworm.
Also other diseases and pests not known to exist in the Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics.
GENERAL REGULATIONS

ARTICLE 1. The quarantine against cotton pests and diseases applies to the
following products:
(a) Seeds of cotton and of all plants of the family Malvaceae.
(b) Raw cotton.
(c) Cotton lint.
(d) Samples of cotton lint.
(e) Linters and all wastes from cotton combing, textile and cotton factoris,
and cottonseed oil pressing mills.
(f) Live plants of cotton and its fruiting organs.
(g) Cottonseed meal and cottonseed hulls.
(h) Wrappers that have been used for the above-named products, as well
as packing material made of raw cotton, cotton lint, and cotton wastes of all
kinds.
(i) Any collection of cotton and its pests and diseases.
(j) Soil from cotton areas in briquettes or otherwise.
(k) Machinery that has been used in working or reworking cotton products
(raw cotton, lint, seeds, and all kinds of waste).
ART. 2. Lists of countries infested with pests and diseases of cotton and of
the quarantined pests and diseases are compiled and published by the Bureau
of Foreign and Domestic Quarantines of the People's Commissariat of Agri-
culture, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
ART. 3. Technical rules and instructions on the application of this decree
are promulgated by the same Bureau.

Restrictions on Importation

ART. 4. Importation prohibited.-The importation of shipments of the prod-
ucts named in article 1 of this decree, except cotton yarn and samples thereof,
is prohibited.
Exceptions for scientific purposes.-The importation from abroad of seeds
of cotton and other plants of the family Malvaceae, any collection of species
of the same as live plants, their fruiting organs, etc., for scientific purposes,
is allowed only through the All-Union Institute of Plant Industry by permis-
sion, granted in each case by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Quarantines
of the People's Commissariat of Agriculture, Union of Soviet Socialist Re-
publics.
The importation from abroad of any kind of collection of quarantined pests
and diseases of cotton and other Malvaceae is allowed only through the
All-Union Crop Protection Institute and Control Quarantine Laboratory under
permit issued by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Quarantines, People's
Commissariat of Agriculture, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
ART. 5. In-transit movement of quarantined cotton products prohibited.-The
transportation in transit through the territory of the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics of any of the products mentioned in article 1 of this decree without
a permit from the said Bureau is prohibited.
ART. 6. Advance notice of importation required.-The importing organization
must notify the said Bureau 1 month in advance of the intended importation,
indicating the district of origin of the products, port of entry, quantity and
weight of shipment, transportation routes through the Union of Soviet Socialist





1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 49

Republics, and must receive a permit to move the same through the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics to destination.
NOT-E-The said Bureau will indicate the districts in which the imported
products may be utilized and will map out the subsequent routing at the time
the permit and certificate are issued. The farms, scientific research organi-
zations, and individuals must comply with all the technical rules of the Bureau
of Quarantine at the place of utilization.
ART. 7. Authorized ports of entry for cotton products.-The ports for the
entry of shipments of the products named in article 1, including those in
transit and for compliance with the quarantine measures, are as follows:
(a) Arriving from western China: Bachti, Chorog, Karacol, and Pocrovka.
(b) Arriving from Afghanistan: Termez.
(c) Arriving from Iran: Gaudan, Ashchabad, Baku; from November 1 to
April 1: Djulfa, Shachtachti, Artic.
(d) Arriving from the Igdir district of Turkey: Markara; from other districts
of Turkey and Egypt: Odessa.
(e) Arriving from the United States: Leningrad, Murmansk, Odessa.
(f) Arriving for purposes of scientific research from various countries:
Leningrad only.
NOTE.-The routing of products through ports other than those above indi-
cated, without a permit from the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Quarantines,
is prohibited.
ART. 8. Quarantine requirements to be met at port of entry.-Imported and
in-transit shipments must be subjected at points of entry to quarantine meas-
ures (checking of documents, inspection, examination, fumigation, etc.) pre-
scribed by the said Bureau and effected by quarantine inspectors and quar-
antine laboratories at the expense of the importing organizations.

POTATO RESTRICTIONS
[Decree No. 2306, May 15, 1935]

ARTICLE 1. Purpose of the decree.-(1) To protect the potato industry against
the possibility of introducing the following:
(a) Potato wart (Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Perc.).
(b) Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say).
(c) Potato tuber worm ((Phthorimaea) Gnorimoschema operculella Zell.).
(d) Potato nematode (Heterodera rostochiensis Woll.), and also other pests
and diseases of potatoes not known to exist in the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics.
(2) To prevent the distribution of powdery scab (Spongospora subterranea
(Walls.) Lang.) within the confines of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
ART. 2. Application of the decree.-This decree is applicable to the following
products, materials, and agricultural implements:
(a) Potatoes intended for technical, food, and planting purposes, and other
live plants of the family Solanaceae and their parts, except seeds.
(b) Soil-cultivating implements and other objects that have been used on
fields infested with pests and diseases named in article 1 of this decree.
(c) Soil from fields, coldframes, hotbeds, greenhouses, etc., infested by the
above-named pests and diseases.
(d) Wrappers that have been used for packing the said materials.
ART. 3. Importation of potatoes prohibited.-On account of the wide dis-
tribution in foreign countries of potato wart, potato tuber worm, Colorado
potato beetle, and other quarantined pests and diseases not known to exist
in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the importation from abroad of
potatoes for technical purposes or for food or propagation is prohibited except
by the institutions and organizations named in article 6 of this decree.
ART. 4. Importation of infested live plants prohibited.-The importation
from abroad of any kind of live plants, or parts thereof, infested by the
injurious pests and disease named in article 1 of this decree is prohibited.
ART. 5. Importation of preserved collections of pests and diseases permitted.-
The importation of all kinds of preserved collections of the pests and diseases
named in article 1 of this decree is allowed after quarantine inspection at
points of entry.
ART. 6. The All-Union Institute of Plant Industry, Vaschnil, is allowed to
receive for scientific research specimens of potatoes and other plants from
145199-37- 4





50 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE Jan.-Mrch

expeditions, foreign firms, and correspondents, whether by order or in ex-
change. However, the following conditions must be strictly observed:
(a) Such specimens must be entirely free from the foreign quarantined
pests and diseases named in article 1 of this decree. This fact must be af-
firmed on the face of the certificate issued by the plant quarantine or plant
protection service of the country of origin.
(b) The weight of individual samples must not exceed 5 kilograms, net.
NOTE.-Other institutions and organizations may import potatoes from abroad
for scientific research through the Bureau of Plant Introduction of the All-
Union Institute of Plant Industry only.
ART. 7. Irregular shipments returned or destroyed.-Potatoes and other plants
arriving from abroad in violation of the provisions of this decree are returned
or destroyed on the spot at the expense of the importer.
ART. 8. Authorized port of entry.-The importation of potatoes and other
plants of the family Solanaceae indicated in article 6 of this decree is per-
mitted through Leningrad customs only. The customs may not allow the re-
lease of such shipments without special certificates from the Quarantine
Inspection Service.
ART. 9. Imported material to be quarantined.-Imported specimens of potato
tubers and planting material of other plants of the family Solanaceae, after
having been examined at quarantine laboratories and determined to be free
from quarantined articles, are sent to a quarantine nursery for a 2-year test
in the ground. The period for such testing of cuttings and seed potatoes is 1
year.
In case the planting material appears to be infected with quarantined arti-
cles while at the nursery, and the infection is of such a character that it
cannot be disposed of by disinfection as prescribed by the Quarantine Inspec-
tion Service, the All-Union Institute of Plant Industry must destroy the in-
fected material in the presence of a representative of the Quarantine Inspection
Service and prepare a legal record of such action.
ARTS. 10 and 11 relate to the maintenance of quarantine nurseries and the
procedure for the release of material from quarantine.

QUARANTINE AGAINST WEEDS
[Decree of Apr. 7, 1935]

This quarantine applies to the following weeds:
(a) Kinds not known to exist in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics:
Cenchrus tribuloides L. Meusine aegyptiaca Desf.
Cephalophora (Actinea) odorata A. Helianthus maximiliana Schrad.
Gray. Manisuris granularis Sw.
(b) Kinds not widely distributed in the Union of Soviet Socialist Re-
publics:
Ambrosia maritima (artemisiaefolia) Panicum latifolium L.= (Echinochloa
L. macrocarpa).
Centauria pieris Pall. Panicum oricola Hitchc. and Chase=
Cephalaria syriaca Schrad. (Echinochloa orizicola).
Cuscuta spp. Paspalum distichum L.
Cynan chum acutum L. Solanunm hieterodoxum Dun.
Cynodon dactylon Pers. Solanum rostratum Dun.
Cyperus rotundus L. Soph ora alopecuroides L.
Daythonia calycina Roem. and Schult. Sophora pachycarpa Schrenk.
Ira xanthifolia Nutt. Sorghum halepense L.= (Andropogon
Orabanche spp. halepensis).
Panicum capillare L. Thermopsis lanceolata Ait.
In the event that inspection of imported plant material reveals the presence
of weed seeds of quarantine importance, the material must be cleaned under
the direction of the Quarantine Inspection Service.
The importation into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of species of
weed plants, their seeds and other parts, is allowed for scientific research only
and under a special permit of the Quarantine Inspection Service in each case.
The importation of such material is allowed only through the Institute of
Botany of the Academy of Sciences (B. I. N.) and the Bureau of Introduc-
tion of the All-Union Institute of Plant Industry (V. I. R.).






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 51


A list of foreign countries in which the species of weeds above named are
known to exist is compiled by the secretary of quarantine, People's Commis-
sariat of Agriculture.

LIST OF DISEASES AND PESTS DECLARED INJURIOUS

[Published under the authority of decree no. 2598, of Nov. 20, 1934, entitled "Safeguard-
ing the Territory of the U. S. S. R. Against the Introduction and Distribution of
Agricultural and Forest Pests"]

The list includes the principal pests and diseases of agricultural plants sub-
ject to quarantine restrictions under the provisions of the Decree of Foreign
Plant Quarantine.
The quarantined insects and diseases included in the list are arranged in
three groups in accordance with the degree of quarantine restrictions to which
controlled imported shipments are subject.
Group 1 includes the most injurious species of insects and diseases of agri-
culture that are not known to occur in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
To prevent the possibility of introducing into the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics the pests named in this group an embargo is placed upon products
that may serve as carriers of those pests and thus effect their introduction.
A complete prohibition may be established, as for example, on potatoes and
other tuberous products and root-crops, regardless of the country of origin.
The prohibition may be limited to particular countries infested by certain in-
sects and diseases within a given group, for example, in the case of citrus
propagating material, which is excluded only from countries in which citrus
canker occurs, etc.
Exceptions are made for purposes of scientific research only, by the permis-
sion, in each instance, of the Bureau of Quarantine, People's Commissariat of
Agriculture, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, specifying the quarantine
measures to be observed.
Group 2 includes not only insects and diseases not known to occur in the
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, but also several especially injurious spe-
cies previously introduced into isolated regions of the Union, with respect to
which quarantine measures are undertaken with the object of eliminating the
foci of infection.
The presence of the pests included in group 2 may necessitate the prohibition
of entry against an entire imported shipment in the event that any one of the
insects or diseases of this group is discovered upon quarantine inspection, in
case the application of the existing quarantine measures of separation and dis-
infection will not fully insure the freeing of the shipment from infection.
In the latter contingency infected portions of shipments are subject to re-
turn to the original shipper or to destruction. Appropriate legal records are
made of such action.
Group 3 includes both insects and diseases not known to occur in the Union
of Soviet Socialist Republics and those present in particular parts of the
Union and subject, therefore, to the regulations of domestic quarantines.
Quarantine measures concerning insects and diseases of this group include
the disinfection of shipments, regulation, restriction of areas of ultimate utili-
zation and the promulgation of measures, through special orders, which may
be applied to material intended for planting and sowing, in order to insure that
the distribution of the quarantined pests shall be prevented, thus:
Release of the material through established quarantine greenhouses, nur-
series, and areas; detention of plants under conditions of close supervision
which may result in the discovery of infection not apparent at the time of
importation; the adoption of aseptic methods of propagation, in some instances,
of plants subject to control under conditions of isolation, etc.
Plants or plant products intended for propagation found to be infested by in-
sects and diseases not known to occur in the Union of Soviet Socialist Re-
publics and not named in this list, may be allowed to enter under the condi-
tions prescribed for such products under group 2.
In accordance with the provisions of article 4 of Decree No. 2598 of the
Soviet of People's Commissars of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of

This list includes a statement of the geographical distribution of each pest or disease,
including distribution in the United States. Since the information with respect to distri-
bution in foreign countries is not essential in this circular, reference is made to distribution
in the continental United States, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico only.






52 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE an.ar

November 20, 1934, all institutions, organizations, and individuals must pro-
cure a permit in advance from the Bureau of Foreign and Domesti Quaran-
tine, People's Commissariat of Agriculture, Union of Soviet Socialist Re
publics, to import live plants, planting and sowing material, and agricultural
products from foreign countries.
All importations into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of shipments
and parcel-post packages containing live plants, propagating material, cotton
lint, and other materials subject to quarantine regulations must be accom-
panied by foreign official certificates issued at points of shipment when such
products originate in countries that maintain government quarantine or plant
protection services. Such certificates must affirm that the shipment
question :
(a) Is entirely free from infestation by the quarantine pests named in the
permit.
(b) Or that the organization that issued the certificate does not guarantee
the absence of infestation by those insects and diseases.
GROUP 1
The group includes the most injurious insects and diseases, necessitating pro-
hibition of the importation of products likely to be the means of introducing
them into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics when proceeding from in-
fected countries. Exception is made only with respect to specimens for scien-
tific purposes, the importation of which into the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics is, in each instance, subject to a permit from the Bureau of Foreign
and Domestic Quarantines, People's Commissariat of Agriculture, Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics.
Diseases:
Bacterium citri (Hasse) Doidge, citrus canker. United States (Louisiana,
Texas.)
PhUyctaena linicola Speg. on Linum. United States (1).
S1nchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Perc., potato wart. United States
(Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia).
Insect pests:
Gnorimoschema operculella Zell., potato tuber worm. United States (2),
Hawaii, Puerto Rico.
Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say, Colorado potato beetle. United States.
Pectinophora gossypiella Saund., pink bollworm. United States (2a), Puerto
Rico.
Pectinophora scutigera Hold, Queensland pink bollworm.
GROUP 2
Represents insects and diseases, the presence of which involves the prohi-
bition of entry of the entire lot concerned. When it is deemed impossible to
segregate uninfested portions from a shipment arriving from abroad which
is found to be infested by pests included in group 2, such shipment shall be
returned to the original shipper or be destroyed. An appropriate legal record
will be made of such action, invariably including specimens or samples dis-
covered as a result of the inspection. Each such imported shipment must be ac-
companied by a certificate, issued by the exporting country, affirming the free-
dom of such material from the pests listed below and indicated in the quar-
antine permit applying to each shipment.
Diseases:
Aphelenchoides (Aphelenchus) fragariae Ritz.-Bos, nematode. United States.
Aplanobacter michiganense E. F. Sm., bacterial canker. United States (8).
Bacillus amylovorus (Burr.) Trev., fire blight of apple and pear. United
States.
Bacterium citrarefaciens H. A. Lee = B. citriputeale, citrus blast.
Bacterium flaccumfaciens Hedges, bacterial wilt of Phaseols. United
States (4).
Bacterium medicaginis var. phaseolicola (Burkh.) Link and Hall, bacterial
halo spot or halo blight of Phaseolus. United States (5).
Bacterium mori (Boyer and Lambert) E. F. Sm., mulberry blight. United
States (6).






19371 SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 53

Bacterium translucens Jones, John, Reddy = B. atrofaciens, bacterial blight,
black chaff. United States (7).
Ceratostomella flmbriata (Peth.) Ell., black rot of Ipomoea. United States
(8), Puerto Rico.
Diplodia tubericola (E. and Ev.) Taub., = Macrophoma edulis Aim., Java
black rot. United States (9), Puerto Rico.
Endothia parasitica (Murr.) And. and And., chestnut canker. United
States (10).
Fusarium batatis Woll. = Fusarium hyperoxysporum Woll., stem rot of
sweetpotato. United States (11).
Heterodera marioni Cornu., root knot. United States.
Heterodera rostochiensis Woll., potato eelworm.
Phoma lingam (Tode) Desm., dry rot, blackleg of cabbage. United States
(12).
Phymatotrichum omnivorum (Shear) Dug., Texas root-rot. United States
(13).
Plowrightia morbosa (Schw.) Sacc., black knot of plum and cherry. United
States.
Sclerntium rolfsii Sacc., this may represent several genera. United States
(14).
Spongospora subterranea (Walls) Lang., powdery scab of potato. United
States (15).
Sporotrichum citri Butl., = Sphaoeloma fawcettii, citrus scab, verrucosis.
United States (Florida, Louisiana, Texas).
Tilletia horrida Tak., rice smut, black smut. United States (16).
Tilletia pancioii Bubak and Ranojevic, a smut of millet.
Tylenchulus semipenetrans Cobb, citrus root worms. United States (Califor-
nia, Florida, Texas).
Urocystis tritici Koern., flag smut of wheat. United States (Illinois, Kansas,
Missouri).
Uromyces betae (Pers.) Lev., beet rust. United States (California, Oregon,
Washington).
Insect pests:
Anthonomus grandis Boh., boll weevil. United States.
Anthonomus grandis thurberiae Pierce, Thurberia weevil. United States
(Arizona).
Anthonomus vestitus Boh., cotton-square weevil, Peruvian cotton-square
weevil.
Antonina bambusae Bdv., bamboo scale. Hawaii.
Asterolecanium bambusae Bdv., bamboo scale. United States (17).
Aulacaspis pentagona Targ., =- Pseudoaulacaspis pentagona, white peach
scale, almond scale, Japanese fruit scale, mulberry scale. United States (18)
Hawaii.
Bactrocera cucurbitae Coq. Hawaii.
Ceratitis capitata Wied., Mediterranean fruit fly. Hawaii.
Ceroplastes rusci L., a coccid.
Chionaspis yanonensis Kuw.==Prontaspis yanonensis Kuw.
Chrysomiphalus au rantil (Mask.) =Aonidiella aurantii, California red scale.
United States (Arizona, California, Florida, Texas), Hawaii.
Cylas compressus Hartm.
Cylas femoralis Faust, a sweetpotato weevil.
Cylas formicarius Fab., the sweetpotato weevil. United States (19), Puerto
Rico.
Cylas formicarius var. elegantulus Pierce=C. elegantulus Summ., a sweet-
potato weevil. United States (Florida, Louisiana, Texas).
Dacus oleae Gmelin, olive fruit fly.
Elytroteinus subtruncatus Fairm.
Eriophyes gossypii Bks. United States (Florida), Hawaii.
Euscepes batatae Waterh., sweetpotato scarabee, Hawaii, Puerto Rico.
Grapholitha molesta Busck-Laspeyresia molesta, oriental fruit moth. United
States (20).
Icerya aegyptiaea (Dougl.), Egyptian mealybug.
Lonchaea aristella Beck., black fig fly.
Myiopardalis pardalina Big., a fruitfly.
Nephopteryax rubrizonella Reg.=-Nunonia pyrivorclla, pear fruit borer.






54 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTIE an.-March

Popillia japonica Newm., Japanese beetle. United States (21).
Prays citri Miller, Philippine orange moth.
Premnotrypes solani Pierce, Peruvian potato weevil.
Prontaspis citri Comst. United States (Southern States) Hawaii.
Pseudococcus comstocki (Kuw.). United States, Hawaii.
Pseudococcus gahani Green, citrophilus mealybug. United States (Cali-
fornia), Hawaii.
Pulvinaria (innumerabilis) vitis (L.), cottony maple scale, woolly currant
scale. United States.
Rhagoletis pomonella Walsh, apple maggot, apple fruitfly. United States.
Rhigopsidius tucumanus Heller, Argentine potato weevil.
Saissctia nigra (Nietn.). United States, Hawaii, Puerto Rico.
Scepticus insularis Roel.
Scirtothrips citri Moult., orange thrips. United States (California, Arizona).
Trionymnus diminutus (Leon).
Trypopreinon latithorax Pierce.
Trypopremnon sanfordi Pierce.
Tylenchulus scmipenetrans Cobb, citrus-root nematode.
Zonosema electa Say. United States (Connecticut, Florida, New Jersey, New
York).
GROUP 3
Includes insects and diseases the presence of which involves the disinfection
of the entire shipment concerned, and the restriction of areas of final destina-
tion.
Diseases:
Bacterium tumefaciens Sm. and Towns. Crown gall. United States.
Fusarium conglutinans Wall., cabbage yellows. United States.
Sorosporium reilianum (Kuhn.) McAlp., head smut of sorghum=Ustilago
reiliana Kuhn. United States.
Urocystis 'cepulae Frost, onion smut. United States.
Insect pests:
Acanthoscelides mimosae Fab.
Acanthoseclides obtectus Say=A. obsoletus auct. and Bruchus obtectus, bean
weevil. United States, Hawaii.
Aserica japonica Motsch.--Autoserica castanea Arr., Asiatic garden beetle.
Aspidiotus destructor Sign. United States.
Aspidiotus perniciosus Comst.--omstockaspis perniciosus, San Jose scale.
United States, Hawaii.
Bato('era lineolata Chev.
Bruchidius alfieri Pic.
Bruchidius aurivillii Blanc.
Bruchidius incarnatus Boh.
Bruchiidius trifolii Mot.
Bruchus ornatus Boh.
Bruchus ulicis Mulsant and Rey.
Callosobruchus analis Fab.=Bruchus analis.
Callosobruchus chinensis L., a bean weevil. Hawaii, Puerto Rico.
Callosobruchus phaseoli Gyll., a bean weevil. Hawaii.
Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) =Bruchus (quadrimaculatus), a bean
weevil. United States (22), Hawaii.
Caulophilus latinasus Say, broad-nosed grain weevil. United States (23).
Ceroplastes sinensis Del Guer., a coccid. Hawaii.
Chilo simplex Butl., Asiatic rice borer.
Chrysomphalus aonidum (L.), Florida red scale, fig scale. United States,
Hawaii, Puerto Rico.
Coccotrypes dactyliperda Fab. United States (California).
Contarinia sorghicola Coq., sorghum midge. United States
Dialeurodes citri Ashm., citrus whitefly. United States (24).
Earias inulana Bdv.
Epilachna niponica Lewis.=-ab. of E. 28-maculata Motsch.
Epilachna 28-punctata Fab.
Eriosoma lanigerum Hausm. United States.
Icerya purchasi Mask., cottony-cushion scale. United States (25), Hawaii.
Laspeyresia glycinivorella Mats. =Eucosoma glycinivorella Mats.
Lepidosaphes beckii (Newm.), purple scale. United States (26), Hawaii,
Puerto Rico.






19371 SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 65

Lepidosaphes gloveri (Pack,), Glover's scale. United States (27), Hawaii.
Ligyrus gibbosus (De G.), carrot beetle. United States (28).
Lophocaterus pusillus Klug., Siamese grain beetle. United States (South
Carolina, Texas).
Pachymerus pallidus Oliv.=Caryedon pallidus Oliv.
Parlatoria ziziphus Lucas. Hawaii.
Phylloxera vitifoliae Fitch, grape phylloxera, vine louse. United States.
Prays oleellus Fab.
Pseudaonidia theae Mask.=P. duplex (Ckll.). Hawaii.
Pseudococcus citri (Risso), citrus mealybug. United States (29).
Ptinus tectus Bdv. United States (California, Washington). Introduced into
United States, not a native species. Recorded from England, Tasmania, Aus-
tralia, etc.
Pulvinaria aurantii Ckll.
Pulvinaria psidii Mask., a green shield scale. United States (30), Hawaii..
Saissetia oleae (Bern.), black scale, olive scale. United States (31), Hawaii.
Sitophilus oryzae var. Zea mais Mot.-Calendra zea mais. United States.
Sitophilus sasakii Tak..=Calendra sasakii.
Spermophagus hoffmanseggi Gyll.
Spermophagus gossypii Chev.
Spermophagus piurae Pierce. *
Stephanoderes (Coffeae Hagedorn) hampei Ferr., coffee berry borer.
Taeniothrips gladioli M. and S.-Taeniothrips simplex (Mor.). United States.
Tarsonemus fragariae Zimm., strawberry mite.
Trogoderma granarium Everts.
Trogoderma tricolor Arrow.
Zabrotes subfasciatus Boh. Hawaii.

DISTRIBUTION REFERENCE LIST

When an insect pest or plant disease named in the preceding list is of
recorded occurrence in the continental United States, Hawaii, or Puerto Rico,
that fact is indicated after such an item. However, if a pest or disease is
not widely distributed, but is of record as occurring in certain States only,
that fact is indicated by "United States (names of States)" or by "United
States (a reference number)" when the number of States is too great for
inclusion in the list of pests and diseases. If a pest or disease is not of
record as occurring in the continental United States, Hawaii, or Puerto Rico,
no notation follows the item. This distribution list has been compiled from
the publication of the secretary of quarantine, entitled "Safeguarding the
Territory of the U. S. S. R. Against the Introduction and Distribution of Agri-
cultural and Forest Pests" as revised and supplemented by the records of the
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, United States Department of
Agriculture. 0
The following reference numbers have been applied:
1. Oalifornia, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, South
Dakota, and Wisconsin.
2. California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Kentucky, Mary-
land, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah,
Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin.
2a. Arizona, Florida, Georgia, New Mexico, Texas.
3. Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa,
Kansas, Maryland,- Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi,
Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Penn-
sylvania, Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin, and probably
wherever tomatoes are grown.
4. Maryland, Michigan, Montana, New York, North Dakota, Oregon, South
Dakota, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.
5. Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Ken-
tucky, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New
Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
6. Arkansas, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Georgia, Indiana,
Iowa, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York,
Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania.






56 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE Jan.-Mar

7. Arkansas, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota,
Montana, North Dakota, South Carolina, South Dakota, Txas, Utah,
Wisconsin.
8. Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida,
Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iow, Kansas, Kentucky, Louiiana, Maryland,
Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio,
Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington, West
Virginia.
9. Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Mis-
souri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas,
Virginia.
10. Maine to Georgia, Alabama, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan,
Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Tennessee. Was also found in California,
Oregon, and Washington, but has been eradicated from those States.
11. Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida,
Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana,
Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico,
New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South
Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin.
12. Minnesota to Louisiana, and all States east thereof; Colorado, North Dakota,
Kansas, Texas. *
13. Arkansas, Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas,
Utah.
14. Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Mexico, North
Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia; also southern Ohio,
Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri; reported from Oregon on iris and in
tomato fields in New Jersey on southern plants.
15. Alabama, Connecticut, Florida, Maine, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, New
York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Washington, Wyoming.
16. Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas. Was in South Carolina and Georgia.
17. California, Florida, Mississippi, and New York (in greenhouses).
18. Alabama, California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland,
Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, South
Carolina, Texas, Virginia.
19. Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Missouri, and Texas.
20. Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida,
Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan,
Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina, New
York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee,
West Virginia.
21. Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts,
Michigan, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Caro-
lina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Vermont.
22. Alabama, California, Connecticut, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina,
Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, West Virginia.
23. California, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina.
24. Alabama, California, Colorado, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia,
Illinois, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South
Carolina, Texas.
25. Alabama, Arizona, California. Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi,
North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas.
26. Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas.
27. Alabama, California, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas.
28. Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida,
Idaho, Iowa. Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota,
Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina,
Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia,
Washington. West Virginia.
29. Alabama, California, Florida. Idaho, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mary-
land, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Ohio,
South Carolina, Wisconsin, and in greenhouses in Northern States.
30. California, Florida, Mississippi, New York (in greenhouses).
31. Arizona, California, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York,
North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Texas.






19371 SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 57

B. E. P. Q. 426 (superseding B. P. Q. 357).
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, REPUBLIC OF ARGENTINA

MARCH 15, 1937.
This summary of the plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Republic of
Argentina has been prepared for the information of nurserymen, plant-quaran-
tine officials, and others interested in the exportation of plants and plant
products to that country.
In view of the fact that all the effective phytosanitary legislation of Argentina
has been assembled, coordinated, and promulgated as Decree No. S3732 of June
3, 1936, it became necessary to revise Circular B. P. Q. 357 to conform to that
decree. This was done by Harry B. Shaw, plant quarantine inspector in charge,
foreign information service, Division of Foreign Quarantines, from his transla-
tion of the original text of the said decree, and reviewed by the Argentine
Port Plant Inspection Service, Phytosanitary Division, Ministry of Agriculture
(Inspecci6n Portuaria de Vegetales, Direcci6n de Sanidad Vegetal, Ministerio
de Agricultura).
The information contained in this circular is believed to be correct and com-
plete up to the time of preparation, but it is not intended to be used inde-
pendently of, nor as a substitute for, the original text of the decree, and it is
not to be interpreted as legally authoritative. The decree itself should be
consulted for the exact text.
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, REPUBLIC OF ARGENTINA

BASIO LEGISLATION

Law No. 4084, July 3, 1902, authorizes the Executive of the Argentine Re-
public to permit the importation of plants and seeds through such ports as
he may designate. Plants and seeds, prior to entry, are subject to inspection
and, when necessary, to disinfection or destruction, as established by the
regulations.
SUMMARY

IMPORTATION PROHIBITED

Banana plants or stools (Musa spp.) : Importation prohibited as a precau-
tion against the introduction of the Panama wilt disease (Fusarium cubense
E. P. Sm.) and other diseases of the banana. (Art. 33, p. 10.)
Corn (Zea mays L.) : Importation prohibited of plants and parts thereof in
the ear, silk, husk stages, etc., and of the straw of Guinea grass (Panicum max-
imum Jacq.) intended for industrial purposes or as raw material for packing,
as a precaution against the introduction of the European corn borer (Pyrausta
nubilalis Hbn.). (Art. 54, p. 21.)
Cottonseed of the species Gossypium barbadense and Gossypium peruvianum:
Introduction into the Territory of Chaco not permitted, as a precaution against
the introduction of the cotton boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis Boh.). (Art.
41 (e), p. 14.) This regulation apparently is designed also to restrict the types
of cottonseed that may be introduced, that is, with respect to length of staple.

IMPORTATION PROHIBITED

Forage-crop seeds-gramineous and leguminous: Importation of adulterated
and inferior seeds prohibited to maintain the grade and purity of the seed.
(Art. 42, p. 15.)
Guavas (Psidium guajava L.): Importation of the fruit prohibited. (Art.
36 (g), p. 12.)
Mixtures of grass seeds for forage crops, pastures, lawns, or turf: Importa-
tion prohibited. (Art. 45 (g), p. 17.)
Johnson grass seeds (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) and any other seeds
that contain Johnson grass seeds: Importation prohibited. (Art. 46, p. 17.)






58 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-March

Plants and plant products attacked by any parasite not known to exist in
Argentina and which is not amenable to treatment: Importation not permitted.
(Art. 5, p. 6.)
Fruits and vegetables attacked by any of the pests and diseases named in
article 36 (d) and (e) : Importation prohibited. (P. 11.)
Vegetable seeds: Importation prohibited of those falling below the estab-
lished standards of purity, germinability, and content of foreign seeds. (Art
52 (a) to (f), pp. 19-20.)

IMPORTATION RESTRICTED

Apples and pears from New Zealand: Importation authorized through
Montevideo by transshipment at that port. (Art. 38, p. 12.)
Alfalfa seed (Medicago sativa' L.): One percent of each shipment to be
stained to show foreign origin. (Art. 47, p. 17.)
Corn (Zea mays L.) and sorghum (Sorghum spp.) : Must be free from plant
refuse, otherwise disinfection will be required. (Art. 54, p. 20.)
Cottonseed (Gossypium spp.): Must be accompanied by a certificate of
healthy origin (art. 8) including a declaration that the locality of origin is
free from cotton boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis Boh.). Admitted for ex-
perimental purposes only and is limited to 10 kilograms of each variety.
Disinfection required on arrival. Quantity for National Cotton Board not
limited. (Art. 41 (a) to (d), pp. 13-14.) Since the boll weevil is so widely
distributed in the cotton-growing areas of the United States, this regulation
appears to be a practical embargo.
Forage-crop seeds: Samples for analysis must be withdrawn from each
shipment. (Arts. 43 and 44, pp. 17-19.) Such seeds may not enter if their
germinability is lower than the established minimum for each class. (Art.
45 (a) to (c), p. 17.) The same is true concerning the content of foreign
seeds. (Art. 45 (f) to (h), p. 17.)
Fresh fruits: Must be accompanied by a phytosanitary shipping certificate
(art. 9) issued by authorized technical officials of the country of origin and
visaed by the Argentine consul at port of departure. (Art. 36 (a), p. 10.)
Fresh fruits: Tolerance of parasites already existing in Argentina, and of
those which are not of a serious character. (Art. 36 (f), p. 12.)
Fruits, whole grains, and seeds: Unless supported by a "certificate of indus-
trial use exclusively" (art. 10) or in the cases provided for in articles 32 and
34: Must be accompanied by a phytosanitary shipping certificate. (Art. 9 (a),
p. 7.)
Grapevines (Vitis spp.) : Only American varieties admitted, except that cut-
tings of Vitis vinifera may be admitted for grafting upon American stocks.
Phytosanitary certificate required establishing the authenticity of the species.
Disinfection required on arrival in Argentina. (Art. 60, p. 23.)
Plants, cuttings, rhizomes, tubers, bulbs, roots, etc., for propagation: Must
be accompanied by a phytosanitary shipping certificate (art. 9 (a), p. 7) and
subject to inspection on arrival. (Art. 1, p. 4.)
Plants in transit through Argentina: Subject to inspection on arrival at the
port of entry. (Art. 73, p. 24.)
Potatoes (Solanrum tuberosum L.) for seed or consumption: Must be ac-
companied by a certificate of healthy origin and a phytosanitary certificate.
(Arts. 55, 56, 57, and 58, pp. 21-22.)
Vegetables, fresh: To be packed in new containers. Each shipment to be
accompanied by a phytosanitary shipping certificate. (Art. 40, p. 13.)
Vegetable seeds: Must meet the established standards of purity, germinabil-
ity, and freedom from foreign seeds. (Art. 52 (a) to (f), pp. 18-20.)
Yerba mate (Ilex paraguensis St. Hil.) : Subject to inspection and sampling
on arrival in Argentina. (Arts. 61 to 71, p. 23.)
IMPORTATION UNRESTRICTED

Coffee (Coffea spp.) and cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) intended for im-
mediate roasting: May enter without the certificates referred to in articles
9 and 10. (Art. 34, p. 10.)
Rice without hulls (Oryza sativa L.) : May enter without the certificates
referred to in articles 9 and 10. (Art. 32, p. 9.)
Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) and yerba mate (lex paraguensis St. Hil.)
intended for elaboration or consumption, and tea (Thea spp.): Temporarily






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 59

exempted from the phytosanitary inspection established in article 1 (a). (Art.
85, p. 24.)
Preserved products: Plants and plant products preserved in any appropriate
medium (syrup, brine, pickle) may be imported without phytosanitary restric-
tion. (Art. 1 (c), p. 5.)

GENERAL REGULATIONS
[Regulatory Decree No. 83732 of June 3, 1936]

This decree coordinates and assembles all the regulations hitherto promul-
gated under law no. 4084.

PHYTOSANITARY INSPECTION ON ARRIVAL IN ARGENTINA

ARTICLE 1. For introduction into Argentina, all plants and parts thereof must
be subjected to phytosanitary inspection by the Ministry of Agriculture through
the Port Plant Inspection Service (Inspeccion Portuaria de Vegetales) of the
Phytosanitary Division (Direcci6n de Sanidad Vegetal).

DEFINITION OF PLANTS

ART. 1. (a) By plants or parts thereof is meant plants, rhizomes, bulbs,
tubers, roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, fresh fruits, dried and desiccated
fruits, grains, seeds, and any plant product that might serve as a carrier of any
pest of agriculture in general, or its products.
ART. 1. (b) Likewise, the containers, packing materials, natural manures,
soil, implements, etc., when deemed suspicious as being carriers of any agricul-
tural pest.

PRESERVED PRODUCTS ADMITTED WITHOUT RESTRICTION

AT. 1. (c) Plants or parts thereof which arrive preserved in any appro-
priate medium (sirup, brine, or pickle), or which have reached the boiling
point and come in hermetically closed containers (St. John's bread or carobs,
tomatoes, asparagus, etc.) are excepted from the phytosanitary inspection
established by this article.

NEW PLANTS TO BE QUARANTINED

ART. 2. Any species or variety of plants or parts thereof that it is desired
to introduce into Argentina for the first time shall unfailingly be subjected
to quarantine, which will be carried out in a specified place under the direct
control of the Ministry of Agriculture.

ENTRY OF MATERIAL FOR SCIENTIFIC PURPOSES

Official scientific institutions that desire to introduce material for study
.(herbaria, cultures of organisms, insects, etc.) that may contain pests of the
agriculture of the country, shall make application in advance to the Ministry
of Agriculture for the pertinent authorization, which may be granted, the
Port Plant Inspection Service taking all necessary precautions in each case
to prevent the distribution of parasites.

IMPORT PERMIT REQUIRED

ART. 3. In order to introduce any plant or part thereof into Argentina it is
necessary to present to the Port Plant Inspection Service an application in
which is indicated:
(a) Name and address of importer.
(b) Name of customs broker and his license number.
(c) Name of the product to be imported, source, means of transportation,
port and date of arrival, destination of the products.
(d) Number and kind of packages, their marks and weight, in accordance
with the statement contained in the manifest of the shipper or a copy of
the invoice.






60 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-March

(e) Place of origin of the product (State, Province, etc.).
The phytosanitary certificates referred to in articles 8, 9, and 10 and a
legalized copy of the customs declaration (parcial de aduana) will be ap-
pended to the said application.
INSPECTION ON ARRIVAL

ART,. 4. Provides for the inspection of imported plants and plant products
and their release through an import certificate if all requirements have been
met and the products are found to be in good sanitary condition.

DISPOSAL OF INFECTED MATERIAL

ART. 5. In case the product inspected be not in good sanitary condition it
will be subject to selection, disinfection or its equivalents, incineration, or
relading, according to the circumstances.
Each plant product which on being inspected is found to be attacked by
any parasite that does not exist in the country and which cannot be disinfected
or subjected to equivalent operations will be reladen or burned within 10 days
of the notification to the importer or his broker, all expenses involved being
charged against the interested person.
ART. 6. Provides for appeals for reconsideration of decisions.
ART. 7. Penalties for introducing plants and plant products into Argentina
in contravention of the present regulation.

TYPES OF CERTIFICATES

CERTIFICATE OF HEALTHY ORIGIN

ART. 8. By certificate of healthy origin is meant the document granted by
officials of technical organizations of the country of origin in which the good
sanitary condition of the sowing or planting in which the product was grown
or harvested is affirmed. It will be specified that in the inspections of the
crops concerned during the blooming period and at harvest no pests calamitous
to agriculture have been observed. This document must also indicate the
name of the product, the number, weight, and mark of packages, also the
names of grower and consignee. The certificate shall be visaed by the Argen-
tine consul having jurisdiction in the port whence the merchandise is shipped.

PHYTOSANITARY SHIPPING OERTIFICATE

ART. 9. By phytosanitary shipping certificate is meant the document granted
by officials of technical organizations of the country of origin, in which the
good sanitary condition of the product at the time of embarkation is attested.
The text of the said certificate may be that established by the International
Convention for Plant Protection, Rome, 1929, as a model, or a similar one,
in which the date of issuance, name of product, place of origin (State,
Province, locality, etc.), number, weight, and mark of packages, place of
embarkation, steamship in which the merchandise will be transported, and
names of exporter and consignee, shall be indicated. This certificate shall
be visaed by the Argentine consul accredited to the port of embarkation, or by
the official who may have jurisdiction there. That official will not visa bills
of lading unaccompanied by this certificate or that of "industrial use ex-
clusively" required for the cases established in these regulations.

PLANTS AND PLANT PRODUCTS TO BE CERTIFIED

The presentation of the phytosariitary shipping certificate will be obligatory
when the following merchandise is imported:
(a) Plants, cuttings, rhizomes, tubers, bulbs, roots, etc., intended for
propagation.
(b) Fruits, whole grains, and seeds of any kind, unless supported by the
certificate of industrial use exclusively referred to in article 10 and in cases
provided for in articles 32 and 34 of these regulations.
(c) Fresh fruits, potatoes, and vegetables in general.
This certificate must be issued for all classes of products, provided that
they have only one source, are transported on the same date, in the same






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 61

Vessel and are consigned to the same importer. "Class of products" means
each of the three indicated in paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) of this article.
When a shipment includes various products of the same class, the quantity
of products corresponding to each of them must be specified.

CERTIFICATE OF INDUSTRIAL USE EXCLUSIVELY

ART. 10. When grain, fruits (malt, peanuts, etc.), intended for industrial
uses are imported, interested persons may present, instead of the phyto-
sanitary certificate mentioned in article 9, a certificate issued by the competent
authority of the exporting country, visaed by the Argentine consul accredited
to the same, in which certificate it is affirmed that the merchandise is for
industrial use exclusively.
ART. 11. Argentine consuls accredited to foreign countries will not legalize
bills of lading corresponding to plants and parts thereof unless, for the purpose
of being visaed, they are accompanied by the certificate or certificates, accord-
ing to the circumstances, referred to in articles 8, 9, and 10 of these regulations.
IMPORT CERTIFICATES

ART. 12. Provides that the Port Plant Inspection Service, upon application in
advance, shall issue an import certificate, in accordance with the provisions
of articles 4 and 5, for presentation to the Customs.
ART. 13. Provides for the issuance of other certificates in connection with the
selection, disinfection, incineration, or relading of imported products, etc.
SAMPLING

ART. 14. Provides for the sampling of imported products, where necessary,
for analysis or more thorough inspection.
DIRECT CLEARANCE OF RICE

ART. 15. Provides for the immediate release of imported rice for storage in a
bonded warehouse.
INTERNATIONAL POSTAL PACKAGES

ART. 16. Plants and parts thereof introduced into Argentina by international
parcel post, and those forming part of passengers' baggage, will be subject
to the phytosanitary inspection established by article 1 of these regulations,
being exempted from the certificates referred to in articles 8 and 9.
Forage-crop and vegetable seeds imported by mail or as passengers' baggage
are exempt from the analysis referred to in articles 42 and 52 if the weight
of each species does not exceed 200 grams for forage-crop seeds and 500 grams
for vegetable seeds. Greater quantities are subject to analysis or abandonment
of the excess, but in all cases referred to in this paragraph the Port Plant
Inspection Service will draw proof samples not exceeding 10 grams.

SAMPLES WITHOUT VALUE

ART. 17. Plants and parts of plants introduced into Argentina as "samples
without value" must meet the following requirements:
(a) International parcels, whether registered or not, containing seeds, grains,
etc., whose importation is not prohibited, are deemed samples without value,
provided that their weight does not exceed 200 grams per sample; not exceed-
ing 2 samples of the same species, origin, transportation by the same vessel,
airplane, railroad, or other means, and for a single consignee, may enter.
(b) The legend "sample without value" (muestra sin valor) should appear
on the container of the said seeds, and on the outside wrapper of the combined
parcel if several samples sent in a single parcel are concerned. Before their
introduction, previous application having been made, the seeds will be in-
spected by specialists in the presence of the importer or his representative.
Such samples are exempt from the presentation of the certificates referred
to in articles 8, 9, and 10 of these regulations.
(c) The combined weight of samples without value from the same source,
sent by one of the means of transportation mentioned, and for the same






62 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [an.arc

consignee, may not be greater than 1 kilogram for flower, forage-crop,
vegetable seeds, and 3 kilograms for seeds of any other plants.
(d) If the weight of samples without value shouldd exceed those established
in paragraphs (a) and (c) of this article, whether individual or combined, the
importer may choose between the replacement of the corresponding seal and
the abandonment of the excess weight.
(e) Forage-crop and vegetable seeds introduced as samples without value
will be exempt from the analysis referred to in articles 42 and 52 of these
regulations.
(f) The resolution of the Treasury Department of July 29, 1932, exempts the
payment of the stamp tax (Papel sellado) on applications for the importa-
tion of plants that reach Argentina as samples without value. Furthermore,
such samples will be exempt from the payment of fees for phytosanitary
inspection.
ARTS. 18, 19, and 20. Inspection fees.
ARTS. 21 and 22. Disinfection fees.

AUTHORIZED PORTS OF ENTRY

ART. 23. With the exception of the special cases discussed in articles 32,
37, 59, 60, and 61 of these regulations, the introduction of plants and parts of
plants will be effected through the ports of Buenos Aires, Rosario, Santa Fe,
and the customhouse of Mendoza which now have the necessary equipment
for the prophylaxis of attacked products. As soon as frontier offices are
equipped for disinfection, the respective customhouses will be authorized for
the introduction of plants.
ARTS. 24 to 28. Entry procedure.
ART. 29. Provision for inspection outside of official hours.
ART. 30. Provision for inspection in foreign countries.

SPECIAL PROVISIONS

ART. 31. In addition to the general provisions established by the preceding
articles, others of a special character are also in force. These are discussed in
the following articles.
RICE

ART. 32. When rice for importation arrives without hulls, it will be exempted
from the presentation of the phytosanitary certificates or those for industrial
use referred to in articles 9 and 10 of these regulations.
The introduction of rice will be effected through the ports designated in
article 23 and through Paso de los Libres (Corrientes).

BANANAS

ART. 33. The importation of plants or stools (bits) of banana (Musa spp.)
is prohibited.
COFFEE AND COCOA

ART. 34. With respect to products that are intended for immediate roasting,
shipments of coffee and cocoa (Coffea spp. and Theobroma cacao) offered for
import will be exempt from the certificates referred to in articles 9 and 10 of
these regulations.
SUGARCANE

ART. 35. Every shipment of sugarcane plants, shoots, or stools (Saccharum"
offlcinarum L.) imported into the country, besides being accompanied by the
certificate of sanitary origin referred to in article 8, shall be subjected to a
quarantine in the official establishment designated for that purpose, during
which the observations and prophylactic procedures that the technical offices
deem necessary to guarantee their good sanitary condition will be supervised.

FRESH FRUITS

ART. 36. The importation of fresh fruits is subject to the general provisions
of these regulations and to the following requirements:






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 63


CERTIFICATE OF SANITARY SHIPMENT

(a) Each shipment must be accompanied by the phytosanitary shipping
certificate referred to in article 9. In order to prevent delay in unlading,
as dealing with a perishable product, a period of 10 days is granted from the
date of importation of the fruit for the presentation of the phytosanitary cer-
tificate to the Port Plant Inspection Service, the corresponding bond having
been signed. Importers or customs brokers who have not presented the certifi-
cate within that period become liable to the penalties established in article 25.

IMPORTATION OF FRUIT IN BULK PROHIBITED

(b) The importation of fruit in bulk, except bananas, is prohibited.

PACKING OF FRUIT

The packing shall be done in the country of origin in new containers of the
standard type adopted in fruit-exporting countries.
Apples, pears, oranges, mandarins, grapefruit, and lemons shall arrive
wrapped in impermeable tissue paper (manila or acetated sulphite or other
similar papers), in which the name or mark of the grower or that of the
packing or exporting firm, and the country of. origin shall be stamped. The
containers shall bear labels on which the character of the contents, class,
variety, net weight (metric), number of units, name and address of grower
and country of origin shall be indicated.

INSPECTION OF FRUIT

(c) Shipments of fruit introduced into Argentina shall arrive in Argentina
at the proper stage of maturity and will be inspected at the ports of arrival, in
accordance with the provisions of these regulations. If, as a result of the
inspection of the fruit, good reasons are found to suspect that they are affected
by any of the parasites indicated in paragraph (d) of this article, the ship-
ment will be subjected to quarantine for a period deemed necessary by the
Port Plant Inspection Service, in places indicated by the inspector and which,
in the opinion of the said service, meets the required conditions. If the exist-
ence of the parasites named in paragraph (d) is not determined as a result
of the investigations made during the quarantine, the shipment will be deliv-
ered to the interested person.

PROHIBITED PESTS AND DISEASES

(d) If the presence of any of the following parasites is determined, the
entire shipment will be reladen or burned, at the option of the interested
person, without right of indemnity. The expense of conveying the shipment
to the incinerator will be borne by the importer.
Bacteria.-Citrus canker (Bacterium citri (Hasse) Doidge).
Fungi.-Blotch (Phyllosticta solitaria Ell. and Ev.), brown rot and gummosis
(Phytophthora citrophthora E. H. and R. E. Smith), soft rot of pineapple
(Thielaviopsis paradoxa (de Seyn.) v. Hochn.).
Diptera.-Mediterranean fruitfly (Ceratitis capitata Wied.), Mexican fruit-
fly (Anastrepha ludens Loew.), black fruitfly (Anstrepha serpentina Wied.),
and apple maggot or fruitfly (Rhagoletis pomonella Walsh).
Coleoptera.-Apple curculio (Anthonomus) Tachypterellus quadrigibbus Say),
plum curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar Herbst), Japanese beetle (Popillia
japonica Newm.), apple weevil (Pseudanthonomus crataegi Walsh).
Lepidoptera.-Lesser apple worm (Enarmonia) Grapholitha prunivora
Walsh), orange tortrix (Tortrix citrana Fern.), orange holcocera (Holcocera
iceryaeella Riley), Arizona navel orange worm (Myelois venipars Dyar), orange
platynota (Platynota tinctana Walk.), the tortricid Gymnandrosoma auranti-
anum Costa Lima.
(e) Fruits found to be attacked by other parasites known to be injurious
but which are not included in the preceding paragraph will be rejected, and if
they cannot be reshipped, they will be incinerated under the conditions pre-
scribed in the preceding paragraph.






64 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-Marcb

(f) For fruits attacked by parasites already existing in Argenta and
which are not of the serious character of those named in paragraph (d), the
following tolerances are established:
Up to 5 percent of units attacked, entry will be permitted.
If the percentage of fruits attacked is not greater than 50, the fruits will be
selected under the control of a technical official of the Port Plant Inspection
Service.
If the percentage of units attacked exceeds 50, the merchandise will be
rejected, incineration or reshipment being optional.
(g) The importation of guavas is prohibited. *
(h) Every shipment of apples and pears imported must travel in refrigera-
tion chambers.
AUTHORIZED PORTS OF ENTRY

ART. 37. The introduction of fresh fruits may be effected through the ports
of Buenos Aires, Rosario, and Santa Fe only. Shipments imported through
Mendoza, La Quiaca, and Posadas will be regarded as merchandise in transit,
and the cars that transport them will be cleared by the respective customhouses
on entry into Argentine territory.
ART. 38. Provides for the importation of apples and pears from New Zealand
when transshipped at Montevideo.

WRAPPING OF BARRELED APPLES WAIVED

ART. 39. Subject to the provisions of article 36, paragraph (b), and solely
in reference to the paper wrappers for each unit of the designated fruits, the
said requirement is waived on barreled apples proceeding from North America.
Apples imported in that condition must be accompanied by two phytosanitary
certificates (art. 9), one issued by the competent authority of the respective
state, and the second by technical officials of the Federal Department of
Agriculture. Both certificates, which shall bear the visa of the corresponding
Argentine consul, will make special mention of the fact that the shipment in
question is free from the pests named in article 36, paragraph (d).
Up to 10 percent of the containers of each shipment of apples, not exceeding
500 barrels, that arrives in Argentina may be opened for inspection; .and up
to 8 percent from shipments exceeding that quantity. The expenses arising
by authorizing extraordinary hours for inspection will be at the expense of
importers.
FRESH VEGETABLES

PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE REQUIRED

ART. 40. Every shipment of vegetables imported shall be accompanied by the
phytosanitary certificate referred to in article 9 of the regulations. With
respect to perishable products, a period of 10 days will be granted for the presen-
tation of that document in a manner similar to that prescribed in article 36,
paragraph (a) for fresh fruits.
NEW CONTAINERS REQUIRED

Fresh vegetables shall be packed in new boxes of the standard type adopted
by exporting countries, and shall bear labels indicating the character of the
contents, variety, net weight, name of grower, and country of origin.

COTTONSEED

ART. 41. The introduction of cottonseed will be subject to the following
conditions:
CERTIFICATE OF HEALTHY ORIGIN

(a) Each shipment shall be accompanied by a certificate of healthy origin
In which it will be affirmed, in addition to the provisions of article 8 and the
name of the variety of the seed, that in the zone in which the seed was pro-
duced the cotton boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis) does not exist.






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 65

ADMITTED FOR EXPERIMENTAL PLANTINGS ONLY

(b) The introduction of cottonseed is limited to a maximum of 10 kilograms
of each variety and solely when intended for experimental plantings carried
on under the control of the National Cotton Board.

DISINFECTION REQUIRED

(c) The seeds shall beoclean, stripped of adhering fibers (linters), and
packed in metal containers completely soldered. Before their introduction into
Argentina, the seeds must be disinfected in vacuo in chambers of the Ministry
of Agriculture installed in the Port Plant Inspection Service.

QUANTITY FOR NATIONAL COTTON BOARD NOT LIMITED

(d) When the seeds to be imported are intended for experiments to be
carried on directly by the National Cotton Board, the quantity is not limited to
that prescribed in paragraph (b) of this article, but in such a case may be
imported in any quantity and subject to disinfection in the chambers mentioned.

IMPORTATION INTO CHACO PROHIBITED
(e) The importation of cottonseed of the species Gossypium barbadense and
G. peruvianum for planting will not be permitted into the Territory of Chaco.
When it is desired to introduce seeds of longstaple varieties, type upland
Middling for sowing in the said Territory, the interested persons shall request
the opinion of the National Cotton Board, which will inform the applicant
whether the introduction for that purpose is proper, a matter that will be
decided by resolution of the Ministry of Agriculture.
(f) Argentine consuls accredited to foreign countries will not visa bills of
lading unless compliance has been made with the requirements of paragraph (a)
of this article.
AUTHORIZED PORT OF ENTRY
(g) Cotton seed may be imported through the port of Buenos Aires only.

FORAGE-CROP SEEDS
IMPORTATION OF ADULATRATED OR INFERIOR SEEDS PROHIBITED
ART. 42. The importation of species of forage-crop seeds is prohibited when
it is deduced from the physico-botanical analysis made in each case by the
division of analysis and commercial classification of seeds, that they are adul-
terated or of inferior quality for sowing, in accordance with the provisions
of the present regulations.
SAMPLING
ART. 43. The Port Plant Inspection Service, through its technical personnel,
in accordance with the provisions of these regulations, will proceed to with-
draw corresponding samples from imported shipments of seeds, especially those
of the following species of leguminous and gramineous forage-crop plants, as
well as any others that may be introduced for that purpose:

LEGUMINOUS SEEDS
Anthyllis vulneraria L., sand clover.
Hedysarum coronarium L., French honeysuckle.
Lespedeza spp., bush or Japanese clover.
Lotus corniculatus L., birdsfoot trefoil.
Lotus uliginosus Schkuhr, British bog lotus.
Medicago lupulina L., yellow trefoil.
Medicago sativa L., alfalfa, lucerne.
Melilotus alba Dest., white sweet clover.
Melilotus alba var. annua, Huban clover.
Onobrychis viciaefolia Scop., sainfoin.
Ornithopus sativus Brot., serradella.
Trifolium alexandrinum L., Alexandrian clover.
145199-37---5






66 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-Mareh

Trifolium fragiferum L., strawberry clover.
Trifolium hybridum L., alsike clover.
Trifolium incarnatumn L., crimson clover.
Trifolium pratense L., red clover.
Trifolium repens L., white clover.

GRAMINEOUS SEEDS

Agrostis alba L., redtop.
Alopecurus pratetsis L., meadow foxtail.
Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) Mert. and Koch, tall oatgrass.
Avena spp., oats.
Bromus inermis Leyss, smooth bromegrass.
Bromus (un)ioloides) catharticus Vahl., rescue grass.
Chloris. gayana Kunth., Rhodes grass.
Cynosurus cristatus L., crested dogtail.
Dactylis glomerata L., orchard grass
Eragrostis abyssinica (Jacq.) Link, teff.
Festuca (pratensis) elatior L., meadow fescue.
Festuca orina L., sheep's fescue.
Festuca rubra L., red fescue.
Hordeumn vulgare L., barley.
Lolium perenne L., perennial ryegrass.
Phleum pratense L., timothy.
Poa pratensis L., Kentucky bluegrass.
Poa tririalis L., rough bluegrass.
S Secale cereale L., rye.
Setaria (Chaetochloa) italica (L.) Beauv., foxtail millet.
Sorghum vulgare var. saccharatumn (L.) Boerl., sorgo (sweet sorghum).
Sorgh ~m vulgare var. sudanensis (Piper) Hitchc., Sudan grass.

ANALYSIS OF SEEDS REQUIRED

LEGUMINOUS SEEDS

ART. 44. Leguminous seeds will be analyzed to determine their real value,
cultural or for usc, and the content of foreign seeds, rejecting any shipment
found in the following conditions:
(a) Alfalfa, when the cultural value (germinability) is less than 85 percent
with a purity of 98 percent.
(b) White clover, red clover, crimson clover, alsike clover, strawberry
clover, Alexandrian clover, bush or Japanese clover, yellow trefoil, French
honeysuckle, and sand clover, if the cultural value is less than 75 percent.
(c) White sweetclover, Huban clover, and serradella, if the cultural value
is less than 70 percent.
(d) Birdsfoot trefoil, British bog clover, lotus, and sainfoin, if the cultural
value is less than 60 percent.
(e) Leguminous seeds, when they contain more than 0.5 percent by weight
of weed seeds, regarding as such those of all species of uncultivated plants.
(f) When it is shown that the seeds have been subjected to a mechanical
or chemical treatment to modify their appearance or constitution.

GRAMINEOUS SEEDS

ART. 45. Seeds of gramineous forage-crop plants: Their germinability and
content of foreign seeds will be determined and all found in the following
conditions will be rejected:
GERMINABILITY

(a) When the seeds of oats, barley, rye, timothy, and teff have a germin-
ability less than 80 percent.
(b) Rescue grass, orchard grass, meadow fescue, redtop, ryegrass, millet,
foxtail millet, sorgo, rough bluegrass, and Sudan grass.-When the germinabil-
ity is lower than 70 percent.
(c) Tall oatgrass, smooth bromegrass, crested dogtail, sheep's fescue, Peru-
vian wintergrass, rough bluegrass.-If the germinability is less than 60 percent.






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 67


(d) Meadow foxtail, red fescue, Kentucky bluegrass.-If the germinability is
less than 50 percent.
(e) When Rhodes grass contains fewer than 500,000 germs per kilogram of
seeds.
CONTENT OF FOREIGN SEEDS

(f) When gramineous seeds contain more than 1 percent by weight of weed
seeds.
(g) When the said seeds contain more than 5 percent by weight of seeds
of other cultivated plants; consequently, the importation of special mixtures of
seeds will not be permitted, whether for use as forage or for pasture, lawns,
or turf.
(h) Exception is made to the provisions of the preceding paragraph in favor
of mixtures of Lolium perenne with L. italicum, and the various species of the
genus Poa with each other.

IMPORTATION OF JOHNSON GRASS PROHIBITED
ART. 46. The importation of Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.),
as well as any seed that contains it, is prohibited.

ALFALFA SEED TO BE STAINED
ART. 47. No shipment of alfalfa seed may be imported into Argentina unless
at least 1 percent of the contents of each container is tinted in the following
manner:
(a) Seeds from European countries, by an alcoholic solution of crystal violet
of 1.5 percent.
(b) Seeds from other countries or localities will be colored by a malachite
green solution of 1.5 percent.
(c) The coloring materials (which may be those previously indicated or
others that produce an equal coloration) will be applied in such a way that
the colored seed is distributed uniformly throughout the container.
ARTS. 48 and 49. Prescribe the method of sampling.

DISPOSAL OF SHIIPMENTS AFTER ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES
ART. 50. When certificates of analyses specify that the corresponding ship-
ments of seeds may not be imported, as failing to meet the requirements
established in these regulations, the importer or his duly authorized repre-
sentative will have any one of the following options:
(a) Relading the merchandise without right of indemnity by the national
treasury, and charging the interested person with the expenses in any way
involved.
(b) Incineration of the shipment, without right of indemnity, as in the
preceding case; the expenses arising from the transportation and custody of
the merchandise to the incinerator will be charged against the interested
person.
(c) Attempt to clean or winnow (remove dodder) in an establishment
authorized by the Ministry of Agriculture.
In this case, importation may be made through the port of Buenos Aires
only.
If, as a result of the cleaning, the seed falls within the established tolerance,
its entry will be permitted. Otherwise, the interested person has the option of
relading or incineration.
ART. 51. Provides for reconsideration of the results of an analysis and for
the drawing of new samples,
VEGETABLE SEEDS
ART. 52. The importation of the species of vegetable seeds hereafter specified
is prohibited when, as a result of the physico-botanical analysis carried out in
each case, they do not satisfy the following conditions:
(a) When the purity does not reach a minimum of 95 percent-
Allium cepa L., onion.
Allium porrum L., leek.
Anethum graveolens L., dill.
Apium graveolens L., celery.






68 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-March*

Asparagus offinalis L., asparagus.
Beta vulgaris var., beets.
Brassica spp., cabbage, cauliflower, turnips, etc.
Capsicum annuum L., peppers.
Cicer arietinum L., chickpea.
Cucuniis spp., cantaloup, cucumber, etc.
Cucurbita spp., pumpkin, squash, watermelon, etc.
Cynara spp., cardoon, globe-artichoke.
Foeniculum (officinale) vulgare L., common fennel.
Lactuca sativa L., lettuce.
Lens esculenta Moench, lentil.
Lycopersicum esculentum Mill., tomato.
Nasturtium spp., watercress.
Petroselinumn sativum Hoffm., parsley.
Phaseolus vulgaris L., common bean.
Pisum sativum L., pea.
Raphanus sativus L., radish.
Scorzonera hispanica L., black salsify.
Solanum melongena L., eggplant.
Spinacea oleracea L., spinach.
Tragopogon porrifolium L., salsify, oyster-plant.
Vicia faba L., broadbean.
Zea mays var. saccharata, sweet corn.
(b) When the purity does not reach a minimum of 90 percent-
Cichorium spp., chicory, endive.
Daucus carota L., carrot.
GERMINABILITY

(c) When the germinability is lower than 80 percent-
Brassica spp., cabbage, cauliflower, turnip.
Cicer arietinum L., chickpea.
Lens esculentum Moench, lentil.
Phaseolus vulgaris L., common bean.
Pisum sativum L., pea.
Vicia faba L., broadbean.
Zea mays var. saccharata, sweet corn.
(d) When the germinability is less than 70 percent-
Beta vulgaris L., beets.
Cucumis spp., cantaloup, cucumber.
Lactuca sativa L., lettuce.
Lycopersicum esculentum Mill., tomato.
Nasturtium spp., watercress.
Raphanus sativus L., radish.
Solanum melongena L., eggplant.
(e) When the germinability is lower than 55 percent-
Allium cepa L., onion.
Allium porrum L., leek.
Anethum graveolens L., dill.
Apium graveolens L., celery.
Asparagus officinalis L., asparagus.
Capsicum annuum L., peppers.
Cichorium spp., endive, chicory.
Cucurbita spp., pumpkin, squash, etc.
Cynara spp., cardoon, globe-artichoke.
Daucus carota L., carrots.
Foeni ulum (officinale) vulgare L., fennel.
Petroselinum sativum Hoffm., parsley.
Scorzonera hispanica L., black salsify.
Spinacea oleracea L., spinach.
Tragopogon porrifolius L., salsify.

CONTENT OF FOREIGN SEEDS

(f) A maximal tolerance aggregating not more than 3 percent of foreign
seeds, whether of cultivated plants or weeds, will be tolerated in the seeds
named in the preceding paragraphs of this article.






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 69


ART. 53. For the analysis referred to in the preceding article, a fee of 3 pesos
($3 national money) will be charged in each case.
When the seeds indicated in article 52 are imported in quantities not exceed-
ing 500 grams of each species, they will be exempt from the corresponding
analysis.
CORN AND SORGHUM SEEDS

DISINFECTION REQUIRED IF SEED NOT CLEAN

ART. 54. The importation of seeds of corn and sorghums (except Johnson
grass, Sorghum halcpcnse (L.) Pers.), will be permitted only when they arrive
free from any plant residuum; when they are not in a satisfactory condition
they shall be disinfected with hydrocyanic acid, carbon disulphide, or other
similar materials, in vacuum, with the period of exposure and dosage estab-
lished therefor by the Port Plant Inspection Service.

IMPORTATION OF THE PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF PROHIBITED

The importation is prohibited of both plants of corn (Zea mays) and parts
thereof in the ear, silk, husk, stem stage, etc., as well as of straw of guinea
grass (Pawnicutm maximutium Jacq.) intended for industrial purposes or as raw
material used for packing agricultural machinery (implements) or various
other articles.
POTATOES FOR SEED AND CONSUMPTION

PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE AND CERTIFICATE OF HEALTHY ORIGIN REQUIRED

ART. 55. Every shipment of potatoes introduced into the country, whether for
planting or consumption, besides complying with the general conditions estab-
lished by these regulations, must be accompanied by the certificate of healthy
origin and the phytosanitary inspection certificate referred to in articles 8
and 9.
ART. 56. The certificate of healthy origin, in addition to what is prescribed
in article 8, must affirm that crops from which the potatoes were derived and
in the vicinity thereof for a distance of 500 meters, were found free from
potato wart (Synchytrium cu(dobioticiUn (Schilb.) Perc.), powdery scab (Spon-
gospora s8btcrraJo a (Walr.) John.), potato tuber worm ((Pit lorimwaca)
Gnorinmoschema operculellaI Zell.), Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decem-
licnata Say), and filterable viruses.

REQUIREMEINTS FOR SEED POTATOES

ART. 57. Tubers intended for planting must meet the following conditions:
(a) The importation of certified seed potatoes only will be permitted, namely,
those from cultures, which are entered in the lists of special organizations
for the certification of seed potatoes, which have been grown subject to pre-
established regulations and periodically inspected by the said services, which
are under the State or Federal governments or official experiment stations
of the countries of origin.
(b) The potatoes must arrive perfectly clean, packed in boxes or barrels
with copy certificate issued by the official service attached to each container.
The copy shall also indicate the name of the variety and the number of the
phytosanitary certificate referred to in article 8.
(c) The minimal weight of each tuber shall be 30 grams, a tolera ce up
to 5 percent by weight of smaller tubers being permitted.

TOLERANCE OF SUPERFICIAL DISEASES

(d) With respect to superliciil lisCeases, suc(h as co'1llmoll s:cab (. ctino ti nces
,i (Spon ylocildiullm atrocirc ii C. 0. IIarz), or physiological diseases, a maximal
aggregate tolerance up to 5 percent by weight of affected tubers will be ad-
mitted. No tolerance of virus diseases will be allowed and the same is true
of any disease that does not occur in Argentina.






70 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE Jan.-ar

(e) Every shipment of potatoes intended for planting in which diseases are
determined in greater proportion than is indicated in the tolerances established
in paragraph (d) will unfailingly be rejected, their introduction not being
authorized even when intended for consumption.

TABLE POTATOES
ART. 58. Potatoes intended for consumption shall meet the following require-
ments:
MARKING OF CONTAINERS
(a) They shall be packed in containers on which the words "Papas para
consumo" (potatoes .for consumption) are quite legibly printed, as well as
the name of the variety.
(b) The weight of the tubers shall not be less than 50 grams, a tolerance
of 5 percent by weight of smaller tubers being allowed.
(c) Shipments shall be free from sprouts, hollow centers, holes, cracks,
cuts, bruises, rot, frost, dry spots, etc. An aggregate tolerance up to 5 per-
cent of the abnormalities will be allowed.
(d) For potatoes attacked by mild parasites, such as common scab (Ac-
tinomyces scabies), black scab (Rhizoctonia solani), and silver scurf (Spondy-
locladium atrovirens), a tolerance up to 10 percent in weight will be allowed.
(e) For a shipment, the total combined maximal tolerance for diseases,
lesions, or defects indicated in the preceding paragraphs may not be greater
than 10 percent of the total weight of the shipment.

PORT OF ENTRY
ART. 59. The introduction of potatoes, whether for planting or consumption,
shall be effected through the port of Buenos Aires only.

GRAPEVINES
ART. 60. The importation of grapevines or parts thereof will be subject to the
following requirements:

ONLY AMERICAN VARIETIES ADMITTED
(a) The introduction will be permitted of American varieties or hybrids
thereof only, with or without grafts; the corresponding documents must be
accompanied by a certificate of the authenticity of the species, issued by com-
petent authority of the country of origin of the product.
(b) The importation of Vitis vinifera (European varieties) will be permitted
when intended solely for grafting upon American stocks or hybrids thereof,
an operation that will be supervised by the Ministry of Agriculture, for which
purpose the introducer will make the corresponding application, indicating
therein the place where the grafting will be done.

DISINFECTION OF GRAPEVINES REQUIRED
(c) Before their introduction into Argentina, all grapevines or parts thereof
will be disinfected in vacuum chambers of the Port Plant Inspection Service.

YERBA MATE
AUTHORIZED PORTS OF ENTRY
ART. 61. The importation of yerba mate (Ileao paraguensis St. Hil.) may be
effected through the ports of Buenos Aires, Rosario, Santa Fe, Corrientes,
Formosa. Posadas, Paso de los Libres, and Bahia Blanca.
No inspection certificate is requred.
ARTS. 62 to 71. Relate to entry formalities, sampling, analysis, etc.

PLANTS IN TRANSIT
DEFINITION
ART. 72. For the enforcement of law 4084 and the application of these regu-
lations, those plants will be deemed "in transit" which, to reach their destina-






1It37] SEi~VICE ANI DIEGI'ATllY ANN7ilN('EMENTS 71


tion. must traverse Argentine territory, anld in this 111mann"er 1llentring xwithil
the jurisdiction of another country.
Likewise, those plants which, lhaving arrived in Argentine territory, are found
stored in the liscal zone of the cuistoms jurisdiction, however witlhout ilhir
entry beitng liquidated, for the purposes of the preceding paragraph will be
regarded as plants in transit.

INSPECTION OF PLANTS IN TRAN\SIT

Aur. 73. Plants in transit will be officially inspected (a supervision that is
not subject to the requirements established in articles 1 to 7 of these regula-
tions), and for the sole purpose of determining that they are not attacked by
dangerous parasites, whose distribution may hIe effec.t(ed in the zone of Ar;'gelntina
traversed by the line concerned. That point having been determinled. tle cus-
toms will seal the cars that coinvey tlie merchliadise, taking the necessa;ry pre-
cnutitons to insure the arrival of the product at tlie limit of Argentina juris-
(diction, or until its storage in bonded warehouse in tlie customs zonel, if
neerc(handise referred to in the last paragraph of article 72 is concerned.

RECONDITIONING OF IN-TRANSIT SIIPMENTS NOT PERMI'ITTED
ART. 74. No plant in transit may be subjected to selection, cleaning, or dis-
infection. If those operations are necessary, the previous natiiaiializati of
the product will be indispenslble. the importation being made in accordance
with the provisions of these regulations.
If the presence of plants whose importation is prohibited is revealed on
nationalizing the merchandise, a period of 48 hours is granted the interested
person for the relading or incinerattion of the satme. procedures that must be
accomplished within 3 days of the option. If, at tle termination of thai period
the interested person has not complied withi o1ne of the :bove alternatives,
procedure will be followed in accordance with the provisions of article 50 (b).
ARTS. 75 to 84. Relate to the qualificntion of establishmencts fcr storing,
elaborating or disinfecting imported rice. for cleaning imported forage-crop
seeds, etc., their operation and jsupervisi(o, and penalties for vio4latiion of tlie
regulations for their governnment.

IISCELLANEOUS REGULATIONS
ART. 85. Tobacco and yerba mate intended for elaboration or consumpition,
as well as tea, and lumber intended for constructimo, are temporarily excepted
from the phytosanitary inspection estlablished in 'article 1 (() of tl ese regIa-
tions.
ART. 86. The Ministry of Agriculture is authorized to decide cases arising
under these regulations that have not been provided for thlerein.
ART. 87. The only regulatory provisions of law no. 4084 are those estlablished
by these regulations, which became effective July 1, 1936, others being revoked.

B. E. P. Q. 427.
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, KINGDOM OF HUNGARY

MARCH 25. 1937.
This summary of the plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Kingdom of
Hungary has been prepared for the information of nurserymen, plant-qu1ra;ln-
tine officials, and others interested in the exportation of plaits ;nd plant
products to that country.
It was prepared by Harry 1B. Shaw. planmt (qlaramtilne inspeteolr ill charge,
foreign information service, Division of Foreign Plant Quarantines, from the
joint translations of the Aimericn Colnsullate. Iudap)est, u11nga1ry. ad Mr.
Shiaw, of the texts of t lie various HIungarian laws adil decreels concerined. alnd
reviewed by the Royal lungarian Ministry of Agri(ult ure.
The information contained in this circular is believed t( be corr. ect up to
the time of preparation, but it is not inteiinded to be used iniidependently of. nor
as a substitute for, the original texts, aind it is not to be interpreted as legally
authoritative. The decrees themselves should he consulted for the exaic texts.
LIv A. ST'rms
Chiicf, Bur'au of Enitomolo!/ and Plant QOuarntii'c.






72 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [an.-Mar

PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, KINGDOM OF HUNGARY

BASIC LEGISLATION

International Phylloxera Convention of Berne, November 3, 1881.
Law XII of 1894.
Law XLVI of 1895.
Law XIX of 1924, on customs procedure.
Law-article XLIV of 1925, to prevent the introduction and distribution of
potato wart, Colorado potato beetle, and other diseases that endanger potato
production.
SUMMARY

IMPORTATION PROHIBITED

Living plants, scions, cuttings, and fresh parts, as well as their containers,
originating in America and Australia, if found on arrival to be infested with
San Jose scale (Aspidiotus perniciosus Comst.). (Decree no. 92000/1926, art.
7.) (See p. 6.)
Potatoes infected with wart disease (Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.)
Perc.), powdery scab (Spongospora subterranea (Walls) Lang) ; or infested
with Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say), potato tuber
worm (Gnorimoschema operculella Zell.), and potato flea beetle (Epitrix cu-
cumeris Harr.). (Decree no. 40000, of July 2, 1.926, art. 2, as amended by
decree no. 69000 of Sept. 4, 1929.) (See pp. 8 and 9.)
The certification requirements constitute a practical embargo against potatoes
from the United States, except against those from California and Nevada.
(See p. 10.)
IMPORTATION RESTRICTED

Grapevines and parts thereof, grapevine compost, used props and supports,
living phylloxera and eggs. Importation and transit subject to permission of
Hungarian Minister of Agriculture. (Decree no. 92000/1926, arts. 1 and 2.)
(See p. 4.)
Table and wine grapes, and grape marc must be free from grape leaves and
grapevine stems and be carefully packed in a manner to permit easy inspection.
(Decree 02000, art. 3 (a).) (See p. 5.)
Wine grapes may enter into traffic only when crushed and packed in tight
barrels; wine skins may be shipped in tight barrels or cases only. (Decree
92000, art. 3 (b).) (See p. 5.)
Fresh fruits and refuse (wastes) thereof: Subject to inspection. Importation
prohibited if any indication of San Jose scale found on fruits or packing.
(Decree no. 9200/1926, art. 7.) (See p. 6.)
Shrubs and other living plants must be accompanied by a shipper's declara-
tion of origin and a phylloxera certificate. (Decree 92000, art. 6.) (See p. 5.)
Potatoes: Each shipment must be accompanied by a certificate of origin and
health; certification required especially against wart disease, powdery scab,
potato tuber worm, phytophthora rot, bacterial ring disease, bacterial and
fungous rots, Colorado potato beetle, and potato flea beetle. Tolerance of rots
and bacterial ring disease allowed. Certification is also required that no
Colorado potato beetle occurs within a radius of 20 km from the place where
grown. (Decree 40000, July 2, 1926, art. 2.) (See p. 8.)
The certification requirement constitutes a practical embargo against potatoes
from the United States, except against those from California and Nevada.
Consequently, the numerous regulations for the control of potato importation
have been omitted as not concerning the United States. (See p. 10.)
Broomcorn: Subject to inspection at the Hungarian frontier with certification
there as to freedom from European corn borer (Pyrausta nubilalis Hbn.).
(Decree no. 53141, of July 9. 1930.) (See p. 11.)
Barley: Certificate of origin and health from competent authority of country
of origin. Will be inspected on arrival especially for Fusarium roscum Link.
(Decree no. 45013. of Apr. 4, 1930.) (See p. 11.)
Onions: Subject to inspection on arrival for onion smut (Urocystis cepulae
Frost). (Decree no. 43732, of Oct. 14, 1931.) (See p. 11.)
Alfalfa and clover seeds: Subject to examination for weed seeds, including
dodder, and to the coloring of the seeds. (Decree no. 77300, of Oct. 3, 1930, and
decree no. 11000, of Jan. 25, 1933.) (See pp. 12 to 14.)






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 73

IMPORTATION NOT RESTRICTED

Cut flowers, seeds (except those subject to special quarantines), bulbs, fruits
of the south, fresh vegetables, and raw plant products. (Decree no. 92000, art.
9.) (See p. 7.)
DEFINITION S

In the text of this summary the following words shall be understood,
respectively, to mean:
Certificate.-The required combined phytosanitary certificate and certificate
of origin issued by competent authority in the country of origin.
Infection.-Infection by plant diseases or infestation with insect pests.
Inspector.-A technical plant quarantine inspector of the Royal Hungarian
Plant Protection Service.
Minister.-Royal Hungarian Minister of Agriculture.
Station.-Royal Hungarian Research Institute for Plant Protection.

PRECAUTIONS AGAINST THE INTRODUCTION OF PHYLLOXERA
{Decree no. 92000/1926 of the Royal Hungarian Minister of Finance on the administra-
tion of law XIX of 1924, on Customs Procedure (Budapesti Kizliny No. 141, June 25,
1926)]
IMPORT PERMIT REQUIRED FOR GRAPEVINES AND CUTTINGS

ARTICLE 1. The importation into and transit through Hungary of grapevines
and grapevine cuttings is allowed only with the permission of the Minister and
under a transport certificate issued by him.
ART. 2. On the basis of the International Phylloxera Convention of Berne,
November 3, 1881, the following articles may be imported into or transported
through Hungary only with the permission and under the supervision of the
Minister and through the prescribed customs offices:
(a) Grapevine stocks.
(b) Grapevine cuttings (dry and fresh, entire or in pieces), and grape leaves.
(c) Grapevine compost.
(d) Used props and supports.
(e) Living Phylloxera (vastatrix) vitifoliae and their eggs.
(f) Shipments of any kind in which there are grapevine leaves or stems.

CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH GRAPES MAY BE IMPORTED

ART. 3. Table grapes, wine grapes, and grape marc may be imported into or
transported through Hungary through any authorized customs office under the
following conditions:
(a) Table grapes may be forwarded only in carefully packed boxes, baskets,
cases, or barrels that, nevertheless, are easy to inspect. These containers may
be of any size, but must not contain grapevine leaves or stems.
(b) Wine grapes may be forwarded and enter into traffic only when crushed
and packed in tightly closed barrels holding at least 5 hectoliters (1 hectoliter
equals 26.42 gallons), the barrels being entirely freed from earth and pieces
of grapevines. Wine grapes may not be imported into or shipped through
Hungary if packed in any other way.
(c) Wine skins may be shipped only in well closed barrels or cases.
ART. 4. Grape seeds and wine may be imported into or shipped through
Hungary through any authorized customs office without any special formality.

IMPORTATION OF SYNTHETIC WINE PROHIBITED
ART. 5. The importation of artificial (synthetic) wine, and materials for its
manufacture is prohibited by law IX of 1924. If the customs entertains doubt,
the Ministry of Agriculture must be immediately requested to send an expert.
Hand baggage containing grapes, wine grapes, or seeds, but not grapevines,
cuttings, or leaves, may be admitted into or allowed to pass through the country
unhindered.

CONDITIONS GOVERNING IMPORTATION OF NURSERY STOCK
ART. 6. Shrubs and other living plants which originate in nurseries, gardens,
hotbeds, and greenhouses, either in large quantities or as hand baggage, may





74 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE Jan.-M

be shipped into or through Hungary only on compliance with the following
conditions and only through designated customs offices:
(a) The articles mentioned must be carefully packed in such a mnner as to
make the necessary inspection possible.
(b) The shipment must be accompanied by a shipper's declaration which
indicates:
1. That the contents of the shipment are wholly from his establishment;
2. The final destination and name and address of consignee;
3. Whether or not the plants in the shipment have soil on their roots; and
4. Bears the authenticated signature of the shipper.

PHYLLOXERA CERTIFICATE REQUIRED

(c) There must also be attached to the shipment a certificate issued by a
competent authority of the country of origin affirming that the shipment orig-
inated in a locality or in ground in which there are no grapevines, and that no
grapevines exist within a radius of 20 meters or are separated by a barrier
which prevents the penetration of phylloxera to the roots of the grapevines.
Finally, if phylloxera-infested grapevines had been present in the ground, that
the vines had been completely eradicated and the phylloxera destroyed by
repeated applications of poison and supervision for three years.
(d) If the shipper proves that he is registered as a nurseryman whose estab-
lishment is free from phylloxera in the country of origin of the plants, and if
this can be verified by the Hungarian customs, the customs office in charge may
levy the duty without requiring further evidence. (This paragraph was added
by Decree No. 111504/1928.)
Should the freedom of the shipment from plant pests be in doubt, or if it be
subject to special orders, such a shipment is to be examined for the presence of
phylloxera by an expert sent by the Minister in response to a request by
telegraph.
PRECAUTIONS AGAINST SAN JOSE SCALE

ENTRY OF INFESTED PLANTS AND PLANT PRODUCTS PROHIBITED

ART. 7. The importation into or transit through Hungary is prohibited of
living plants, scions, cuttings, and fresh parts of all kinds of plants, including
fresh deciduous fruits and wastes thereof, and of barrels, cases, and other
articles which have served as packing for such plants and parts thereof, which
originate in America and Australia, if inspection at the customs port of entry
discloses the presence of San Jose scale on the products themselves or on the
articles used as packing. Entry is restricted to specially designated customs
offices.
POTATOES FROM AMERICA AND AUSTRALIA

ART. S. Potatoes, potato peelings, and other potato wastes, also sacks, cases,
leaves, and other articles which have served as packing or to store such pota-
toes and potato wastes that originate in America and Australia are to be han-
dled as above (art. 7). However, the Colorado beetle restrictions constitute a
practical embargo against potatoes from the United States, except those from
California and Nevada.
Potatoes intended for food, propagation, or industrial purposes, originating in
countries other than those above mentioned, may enter only when a representa-
tive of the Royal Hungarian Plant Protection Service has found the required
phytosanitary certificate in order and, through a special inspection, that the
shipment meets all the plant quarantine requirements.
Potatoes may be imported only through customs ports of entry authorized from
the standpoint of veterinary control.

CUT FLOWERS, SEEDS, BULBS, AND DECIDUOUS FRUITS

ART. 9. Cut flowers, seeds, bulbs (even though rooted, if free from soil),
deciduous fruit of any kind (except wine grapes), "fruits of the south",
kitchen greens, vegetables, and other raw plant products for use as necessities
or luxuries, as well as other raw plant material and wastes, may enter through
any customs office for importation into or transit through Hungary without






10:87] ShViE AND IE(I.AT(OY ANN(9'N'EML7NTS 75


any formnality, if they comiply with the 1trafic restrictiolIn for p1lrotecli'( ari-
culture, horticulture, and forestry fromI the inltroductio alid distri bution (of
injurious pests and p:lnlt diseases.

Fl )ONTIER TrIRAL' C U NREST I(TED

ART. 10. The foregoing )liyltosanitary rest rict ions do not apply to lie limiled
frontier traffic, unless they are specially ordered there.

RESTRICTIONS ON THE IMPI'ORTATION OF POTIAT'(ES
PIECAUTiONS A(;AINST \WAIT, COLORAIDO POTATO IKETLE AI) OTiER INIRIOUS P1ESTS
ANI) IISEASES

Decree No. Z 40000, of July 2, 1926, of the Ioyal I lHungaria Minister of Agri-
culture, on the administration of l:w-article XLIV, 1925, to pr'event the intro-
duction an1d (listribution of )potato wart, the Coloradfl p)ot)lato beetle, and other
diseases which endia nger )otato produlion, as amended Iy (ldecree no 69000, of
September 4, 1920. (Biudapesti Kiizliiny, No. 170, July 29, 1926.)
ARTICLE 1. The object of the law (no. XLIV) is to protect dollestic potato
production against the introduction fromn foreign co1untries of potato wart. Colo-
rado potato beetle, and other injurious diseases and pests.

PROTIIIITIVE' MEASURIES
ART. 2. The importation into 1ungary is prohibited of potatoes (tulbers of
Solnum(t tubcrosi nn) infected, or suspected of being infected with Iotalto wart
(Synchfytrium enudobioticunm), (olorado potato )eetle ( Lcptiniotfiars drccnt-
lincata), or other diseases that endanger potato prihdiction.
In alddition to potato wart and (Iolorado potato beetle, the following dieseases
and pests are deemed injurious to potato production:
1. Powdery scab (SpoTno.spoira (sol/ai) sflb ('rru' f ).
2. Potato tuber worm (( Ph thoriinmct(') GnriumiosUchi.',I op( crl(lla' ( ).
3. Phytoplithora rot (Phytophthiora infsctan~s).
4. Bacteria rillg disease (several iacteria may Ibe illvolved).
5. Rots caused by bacteria mand fungi.
6. Potato fleo beetle (Epitrix ctucuriris) (added by I)eree No. 690000 1920-
IX-2, of Sept. 4, 1920).
PEST TOLERANCE
The prohibition against potato wart and the Colorado )poato beetle is aIlo-
lute, not only upon deterninalti(in, but also upon tihe mere suspicion ,of their
presence; whereas, the absolute Iprohibition applies to powdery s;e l)and po)tato
tuber worm only when the presence of those pests is establlishe5d.
Phytophthora rot, bacterial ring disease, uand rots caused by bacteria and
fungi, are to be considered injurious infectious diseas5es warranting prohibition
of entry only when more than 5 percent of the tubers are infected with either
disease, or an aggregate of more than 10 percent with both diseases, or when
more than 10 percent of the tubers are infected with rots caused by bacteria
and fungi.
THE POTATO FLEA BEETLE
Decree No. 69000/1929-IX-2, of September 4, 1929. adds the potato Ilea beetle
(Epitri.r cIcuImcris) to the list of injurious insects which enldaniger potato
production.
Article 2 of that decree sulpplemlents article 14 of Decree No. Z. 40000 of July
2, 1926, by prescribing that even in cases where potatoes free from iifection
are imported from countries ini which potato wart, ( olorado potato beetle, potato
tuber worm, or the potato Ilea beetle occur, such potaitoes may be used only for
food or industrial purposes. No potatoes may be imported from such countries
for propagation, and potatoes imported for other purloses may not be used as
seed potatoes.
Article 3 of the same decree prescriles that those who import potatoes for
propagation, or who use as seed Iotatoes those proceeding from countl'ries ill
which injurious plant pests occur which endanger potato production, are guilty
of an offense and are subject to imprisonmenlt for not exceeding 15 days, pro-
vided that the offense does not involve more serious luniishminut.






76 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [an.-March

LIST OF COUNTRIES IN WHICH POTATO WART, COLORADO BE POTATO TUBER WOR
AND FLEA BEETLE OCCUR
[Notification of the Royal Hungarian Minister of Agriculture, No. 104545/1936, IX.4,
Oct. 13, 1936; Budapesti Kizlony No. 238, Oct. 16, 1936; Amtl. Pfl. Best. VIII: 9, Dec. 1,
1936, p. 205]
Potato wart: Germany, Poland, Netherlands, Switzerland, Denmark, Czecho-
slovakia, Belgium, Austria, France, England, Finland, Norway, Sweden, and the
Free State of Danzig.
Colorado potato beetle: United States, France, England (except Scotland,
Wales, and Ireland), Belgium, also Germany (Saar Basin and South Rhine-
land).
Potato tuber worm: Southern Europe, Algeria, Cape Colony (Union of South
Africa), California, Australia, Azores, Tasmania, and New Zealand.
Potato flea beetle: North America.

PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE REQUIRED
Article 4 prescribes that only those shipments of potatoes may enter or be
transported through Hungary that are accompanied by an official certificate of
origin and health issued by a competent foreign technical institute or official
expert of the exporting country, in the following form:

PRESCRIBED CERTIFICATE
The undersigned expert of the official plant protection service hereby certifies
that the potatoes inspected are free, in the percentages therein prescribed, from
potato wart, Colorado potato beetle, and other diseases and pests mentioned in
article 2, paragraphs 1 to 5, of decree No. 40000 of July 2, 1926, and article 1
of decree No. 69000 of September 4, 1929, and are not even suspected of infection
with potato wart or infestation by Colorado potato beetle, and that no case or
suspected case of potato wart occurs within a radius of 10 kilometers of the
place of production, and that no Colorado potato beetle occurs within a radius
of 20 kilometers thereof.
Each container is sealed with a lead seal bearing the following inscription
(inscription on the official seal of the technical institute) :

Description of the shipment
Locality where potatoes were grown----------------------------
Weighr of shipment------------
Kind of packing and containers-------------
Number of containers_------------
Marks on containers--------------------_----------------
Car numbers--------------- ----------------------
Name and address of consignee------------
Name and address of shipper---------
Place and date--------- -------------------------
[SEAL] Name of official expert--------------------
Location of expert-------- -------------
It will be seen from the above model certificate that it is impracticable to
certify potatoes grown in the United States (except possibly those grown in
California) for export to Hungary.

RESTRICTIONS ON THE IMPORTATION OF ONIONS
Decree No. 43732/1931-IX-2, of October 14, 1931, on the phytosanitary inspec-
tion of shipments of onions.
This decree prescribes that, to prevent the introduction of onion diseases
into Hungary (special reference is made to onion smut, Uroyeyslis cepulae) a
phytosanitary inspection of shipments of onions, onion sets, leek (Allium por-
rum), and onion seeds is necessary.

RESTRICTIONS ON THE IMPORTATION OF BARLEY
Decree No. 45013/1930, of April 4, 1930, regulating the importation of barley.
This decree prescribes that shipments of barley arriving from abroad may
pass through the Hungarian customs frontier, or be directed to an interior






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 77

customs station for inspection only when each shipment is accompanied by an
official certificate of origin and health issued by competent authority of the
country of origin.
Any barley shipment not supported by such a certificate must be detained by
the frontier customs and the station will be so advised by telegraph. The ship-
ment shall be held in customs custody until an expert from the station inspects
it and determines its freedom from Fusarium roseum Link. (Possibly the
conidial stage of Gibberelli saubinettii. Raino, A. J., Fusarium rot on oats and
the poisoning induced thereby. Rev. Applied Mycology, XIII: 3, Mar. 1934,
p. 157.)
RESTRICTIONS ON THE IMPORTATION OF BROOMCORN
Decree No. 53141/1930, of July 9, 1930, to prevent the introduction of the
European corn borer (Pyrausta nubilalis Hbn.).
This decree prescribes that, on the basis of paragraph 5 of tariff law
XIX/1924, broomcorn, classified under tariff item no. 217 and shipped from
abroad by rail, ship, or highway traffic, may be passed through the customs only
when the shipment is accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the
Royal Hungarian State Entomological Laboratory (Budapest II, Kitaibel
PM1 u. 1).
Any broomcorn shipment not supported by such a certificate must be detained
by the frontier customs office, and the said laboratory shall be so advised by
telegraph. The shipment shall be held in customs custody until an expert from
the laboratory inspects and certifies the freedom of-the shipment from the
European corn borer.
The present restriction is not applicable to mail shipments, to limited frontier
traffic, nor to transit shipments of broomcorn. However, any transit shipment
that ultimately remains in Hungary shall be treated as a direct importation in
accordance with the provisions of this decree.

RESTRICTIONS ON THE IMPORTATION OF ALFALFA AND CLOVER SEEDS
In Hungary the traffic in seeds is governed by articles 51 and 56 of law XII
of 1894, law XLVI of 1895, administrative Decree No. 38286 of 1896, and later
amendments, of the Royal Hungarian Minister of Agriculture.
According to law XLVI of 1895, the adulteration and introduction into com-
merce of agricultural products and articles, namely, egrains, and in general,
forage crop and grass seeds, are prohibited. Under the term "adulteration of
agricultural products and articles" any adulteration or modification of the
same, tending to mislead the purchaser concerning origin, composition, or
quality of the products or articles, is to be understood.
Decree No. 82000 of 1927, of the Minister of Agriculture, prescribes that,
since extra-European, and especially South African alfalfa seed is unfit for
sowing in Hungary on account of climatic conditions, and because its distribu-
tion might injure the good reputation and quality of Hungarian alfalfa, the
introduction into traffic of such seed from those sources, or of mixtures contain-
ing such seeds, is prohibited.
For this reason every imported lot of alfalfa seed must be tested by the seed
control station before customs entry is made, and any seed found to be of
extra-European or South African origin must be colored. (Decree No. 77300
of 1930, applies the same provisions to red clover seed.)

REGULATIONS GOVERNING IMPORTATION OF ALFALFA AND CLOVER SEEDS
[Decree No. 77300/1930-II-4, of Oct. 3, 1930]
ARTICLE 1. For the direct commercial introduction of alfalfa and clover seed
into commerce for propagation, only sealed sacks may be used, which are pro-
vided with a ticket (tag) of the seed testing station, certifying freedom from
weed seeds and as to quality, and sealed with an intact lead seal of the station.
To weigh out small quantities of seed without injury to the seal a sampling
auger can be used.
Alfalfa and clover seeds do not fall under the prohibitions established by the
preceding paragraph if these seeds, whether cleaned or not, are sold by the
grower to the seed dealer, or if one seed dealer sells to another seed dealer, or
even if one grower sells such seeds to another grower who is not concerned in
such sales as a business.






78 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-Marh

ART. 2. Relates to trade in screenings.
ART. 3. To determine whether or not alfalfa and clover seed imported from
foreign countries is mixed with seed of lower germinability than domestic se
every shipment of alfalfa and clover seed must be tested by the Royal Hun-
garian Seed Testing Station before customs entry is made. For tests made
under the provisions of this decree, a sample of at least 3 kilograms is required.
The consignee is to be invited when the samples are drawn, but his absence
will not prevent the drawing of the samples.
If inspection establishes that the alfalfa or clover seed, on account of its
condition, is less suitable for propagation than domestic seed, the consignee
will be so advised by the seed testing station by the notation that if he desires
to accept the shipment, the seed testing station, before releasing it, in con-
firmation of the finding and for customs control, will color the seed at the risk
of the consignee.
If the consignee wishes to take delivery of the shipment, the seed will be
colored before release. The coloring will be effected by the station at the
expense of the consignee.
Alfalfa and clover seeds intended for transit through Hungary are not
affected by the provisions of the first paragraph if shipped under a through
international bill of lading to final destination.
ART. 4. The decree of July 23, 1927, no. 82000/1927 F. M. regulating the
entry into traffic of alfalfa seed originating in extra-European countries, espe-
cially South Africa, applies also to clover seed of the same origin.
ART. 5. Penalties.

MARKING AND COLORING OF ALFALFA AND CLOVER SEED
[Decree No. 11000/1933, VII. 2/F. M. of Jan. 25, 1933, modifying and supplementing
Decree No. 77300/1930 F. M., regulating commerce in alfalfa and clover seed]
ARTICLE 1. The provisions of paragraph 2, article 3, of Decree No. 77300/1930
F. M., with respect to alfalfa seed, are to be modified and supplemented to the
effect that foreign alfalfa seed found by the seed testing station to be less fit
than domestic alfalfa seed, must be colored green, instead of red, if it has not
already been colored abroad. Furthermore, imported alfalfa seed, placed in
the internal duty-free warehouse for cleaning, need not be colored, if it is
reexported to a foreign country.
ART. 2. The mark "F'reign alfalfa seed" must be applied to the tag of the
lead seal: however, in the event that the shipment is reexported to a foreign
country from the duty-free warehouse the mark "Transit-Alfalfa Seed" must
be applied. If the destination of the alfalfa seed, meantime, is changed, so
also must the sealing be changed in accordance with the foregoing. Foreign
alfalfa seed may not be furnished with a seal tag in the national color that
serves to declare domestic origin.
ART. 3. From the provisions of this decree, it follows that, in the case of the
second paragraph of article 3 of Decree No. 77300/1930, clover seed also must
be colored green.


B. E. P. Q. 428 (superseding H. B. 192).
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, BRITISH COLONY OF CEYLON
MIARCH 26, 1937.
This summary of the plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Colony of
Ceylon has been prepared for the information of nurserymen, plant-quarantine
officials, and others interested in the exportation of plants and plant products
to that Colony.
It was prepared by Harry B. Shaw, plant quarantine inspector, in charge of
foreign information service, Division of Foreign Plant Quarantines, from the
text of the Plant Protection Ordinance No. 10 of 1924, and the regulations
promulgated thereunder, and reviewed by the director of agriculture of Ceylon.
The information contained in this circular is believed to be correct and com-
plete up to the time of preparation, but it is not intended to be used inde-
pendently of, nor as a substitute for, the original texts of the ordinance and
regulations, and it is not to be interpreted as legally authoritative.
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.






19371 SElVIt'E ANI) IEGLATO(Y ANN(UNCEMINTS 79

PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, BRITISH COLONY OF CEYLON

BASIC LEGISLATION

[The Plant Protection Ordinance No. 10, June 27, 1924]

SUMMARY

IMPORTATION PROII I1ITED)

Herca spp., seeds or plants from the Western IHemisphelre: Imlportation pro-
hibited underl any circumstances, to prevent the introduction of the South
American leaf-disease ( MlanopsanIlmopsis (DIofthidclla ) ulci ( Ilenn.) Stahoel).
Tea seed (TJic( sivcnliis L. : Importation p)rohli)ited directly or ilndirectly
from India, to prevent tle introduction of blister blight (Exobasidium rcxans
Mass.). (Art. 3, General Regulations, p. 3.)
Coconut plants (Cocos nlucifcra L.) : Importation from any source prohiblited,
to prevent the introduction of coccids. (Art. 3, General Regulations, p. 3.)

IMPORTATION RElSTRICTED

Hcrea spp., plants or seeds from the Eastern Hemisphere: Importation pro-
hibited except under written permit from the director of agriculture, previously
obtained. (Art. 3, General Regulations, p. 3.)
Living plants, trees, roots, bulbs, or portions thereof (except potatoes, onions,
ginger, turmeric, a1(n (culinary seeds imported for consunmption) ; (oconuts ill
husks (only through the port of Colombo) ; citrus fruits and cottonseed: Must
be acconmpanied by an inspection certificate of competent authority if exported
from a country with recognized plant inspection service. Certilicate to be
affixed to mail packages.
In the absence of the certificate, shipments from such countries and those
from countries not having a recognized p1lant inspection service, shall be in-
spected and treated in lacr'ordance with the findings. (Art. 4, General Regula-
tions, p. 3.)
Cotton and cottonseed from the United States iniy enter the port of Colombo
only, and subject to disinfection at Bomibay, to prevent the introduction of tle
boll weevil (An tholnomntus grandis Boh.). (Reguittion of Sept. 20, 1927, p. 4.)

PLANT PROTECTION ORDINANCE NO. 10, JUNE 27, 1924

DEFINITIONS

The following terms are thus defined by this ordinance:
"Plant" shall include all members of the vegetaible kingdom, whether living
or dead, or any part or parts of such but shall not include canned or preserved
fruits or vegetables;
"Pest" shall include any insect or animnl which slhll in any stage of its
development eat, destroy, or otherwise injure lany plaint;
"Disease" shall include any fungus or organism of vegetable origin which
shall injure, destroy, or be parasitic upon any plant.
Section 9 of this ordinance empowers the Governor in Executive Council to
make regulations for the purpose of preventing the introduction into the island
and the distribution therein of weeds, or of pests and diseases injuriouls to. or
destructive of, plants.
GENERAL REGULATIONS

[Schedule under sec. 9 of Ordinance No. 10]

AUTIIORIZED PORTS OF ENTRY

ARTICLE 1. No plants shall be imported into Ceylon, ,ecept through 1the ports
of Colombo and Talai-Mannar.

SPECIAL PERMIT REQUIRED TO IMPORT SPECIMENS OF LIVE INSECTS

ART. 2. No person shall land or import a living specimen of any insect or
invertebrate animal not already known to exist in Ceylon without written






80 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-March

permission previously obtained of the director of agriculture, provided that
the director of agriculture, or the director, Colombo Museum, may make such
importations as may be required for scientific investigations.

IMPORTATION PROHIBITED

ART. 3. No person shall land or import:
1. Seeds or plants of Hevea spp. from the Western Hemisphere under any cir-
cumstances, and from the Eastern Hemisphere, except under permit in writing
from the director of agriculture, previously obtained.
2. Tea seed (Thea sinensis L.) directly or indirectly from any place in India.
3. Coconut plants (Cocos nucifera L.).
4. Coconuts in husk except through the port of Colombo.

IMPORTATIONS SUBJECT TO INSPECTION OR DISINFECTION

ART. 4. (1) The following imports shall, before passing out of customs, be
dealt with as prescribed below:
(a) All living plants, tubers, roots, bulbs, or portions thereof (except
potatoes, onions, ginger, turmeric, and culinary seeds and vegetables imported
for consumption), together with the packages, cases, pots, or coverings in which
they may be packed.
(b) All coconuts in husks.
(c) All citrus fruits.
(d) Cottonseeds (Gossypium spp.).

PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE REQUIRED

(2) Each importation of plants, otherwise than by mail, from a country
with recognized inspection service, shall be accompanied by a certificate issued
after inspection, and not more than 14 days prior to date of shipment, by a
duly authorized official of the country of export, affirming freedom of the
plants from pests or disease. Such certificate must be produced to the customs
officer at the port of entry.
(3) A copy certificate must be affixed to each mail package, but the original
need not be produced to the customs officer.
(4) The certificate shall be transmitted by the customs officer to the inspector
in charge of the Colombo Fumigatorium.

INSPECTION AUTHORIZED

(5) The inspector in charge of the Colombo Fumigatorium may open and
examine the contents of any consignment or package imported or believed to
have been imported, notwithstanding the fact that the consignment may be
accompanied by, or the package may have attached thereto, the duly authorized
copy certificate.
(6) In the case of the importation of plants from a country where no
recognized service of plant inspection is maintained, and in the case of a
consignment of plants which is not accompanied by copy certificates as above
mentioned, or of a package of plants imported by mail to which a copy cer-
tificate is not attached, the plants before passing out of the customs shall be
subjected to inspection at the fumigatorium. Whenever possible, mail pack-
ages should be packed in wooden boxes.
A close lookout will be kept for the following pests: Cotton boll weevil
(Anthonomus grandis Boh.), Mediterranean fruitfly (Ceratitis capitata Wied.),
European corn borer (Pyrausta nubilalis Hbn.), and the Japanese beetle
(Popillia japonica Newm.).

INFESTED PLANTS DISINFECTED OR DESTROYED

(7) Any imported plants which on inspection are found to be unhealthy or
attacked by any pest or disease shall be subjected to fumigation or disinfection
as may be deemed necessary by the inspector.
(8) Any imported plants which in the judgment of the inspector cannot be
cleaned by fumigation or other treatment shall, with the packing and package,
be destroyed at the expense of the consignee.






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 81

RESTRICTIONS ON ENTRY OF COTTON AND COTTONSEED FROM THE UNITED STATES
[Regulation of Sept. 20, 1927]

No person shall land or import any seed, unginned cotton, or lint of any
species of Gossypium from America except at the port of Colombo via Bombay
and unless accompanied by a certificate of efficient disinfection from the
controller of customs, Bombay, to prevent the introduction of the boll weevil
(Anthonomus grandis Boh.).

B. E. P. Q. 429.
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES

MARCH 27, 1937.
This summary of the phytosanitary import restrictions of the Netherlands
East Indies has been prepared for the information of nurserymen, plant quar-
antine officials, and others interested in the exportation of plants and plant
products to that colony.
It was prepared by Harry B. Shaw, plant quarantine inspector, in charge
of foreign information service, Division of Foreign Plant Quarantines, from
his translations of the original and German texts of the decrees of September
27 and November 3, 1926, and that of October 21, 1929, and reviewed by the
director of agriculture, industry, and commerce (Directeur van Landbouw,
Nijverheid en Handel), of the Netherlands East Indies.
The information contained in this circular is believed to be correct and
complete up to the time of preparation, but it is not intended to be used
independently of, nor as a substitute for, the original texts, and it is not to be
interpreted as legally authoritative. The decrees themselves should be con-
sulted for the exact texts.
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS, NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES

BASIC LEGISLATION
[Law of Sept. 27, 1926, art. 2 (Staatsblad von Ned. Indie No. 427]

SUMMARY

IMPORTATION PROHIBITED

Hevea brasiliensis, living plants and parts thereof from South America.
(Law of Sept. 27, 1926, as amended by that of Oct. 14, 1932.)

IMPORTATION RESTRICTED

Hevea brasiliensis: The seeds may be imported from South America only
under a special authorization from the director of agriculture, industry, and
commerce. (Decree of Sept. 27, 1926, as amended by that of Oct. 14, 1932.)
Hevea brasiliensis Miill. Arg., seeds, living plants, and parts thereof from
countries other than South America: Certificate of the phytopathological serv-
ice of the country of origin affirming that the trees from which this material
was obtained are free from Fusicladium macrosporum Kuyper, Phytophthora
faberi Maubl., and Phytophthora meadi McRae. (Sec. V, art. 1 (3), decree of
Nov. 3, 1926.)
Plant material other than that itemized in Section IV of the decree of
November 3, 1926: Phytosanitary certificate by a competent official of the
Government (or one of the branches thereof) of the country of origin. (Sec. V,
art. 1, decree of Nov. 3, 1926.) (See p. 8.)
Potatoes from Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, Poland, Great Britain and
Ireland, Canada, and the United States: Certificate of competent authority
of country of origin affirming that the potatoes have been found free from
145199-37- 6






82- BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Jan.-March

wart (Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Perc.) and that this disease does
not occur in the field where the potatoes were grown nor within a radius of
500 meters therefrom. (See. V, art. 1 (2), decree of Nov. 3, 1926, and the
decree of Oct. 21, 1929.) (See pp. 8 and 10.)
Plant material from China: No certificate of competent authority required,
but the shipment will be subject to inspection on arrival. (Sec. V, art. 1 (4),
decree of Nov. 3, 1926.)
Fruits from foreign countries (except China): Must be accompanied by a
certificate issued by competent authority of the country of origin affirming
freedom from pests and diseases of cultivated plants; inspection on arrival
and release only on issuance of an import permit. (Decree of Oct. 21, 1929.)
(See p. 10.)
Fruits assembled in the Netherlands for export to Netherlands East Indies:
Phytosanitary certificate issued by the Phytopathological Service of the Nether-
lands. (Sec. V, art. 1 (5), decree of Nov. 3, 1926.)
Cacao plants (Theobroma cacao L.) from America: Declaration by compe-
tent authority of country of origin that they were grown in Europe in European
soil from seeds produced in America. (Sec. V, art. 1 (6), decree of Nov. 3,
1926.) (See p. 9.)
Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum) : Special permit required for its importa-
tion. (Decree effective Jan. 1, 1934, p. 11.)

IMPORTATION UNRESTRICTED

Plant material itemized in section IV of the decree of November 3, 1926.
(See pp. 5-8.)
DEFINITIONS

1. "Plant material" shall include seeds, fresh fruits, living plants, and parts
thereof.
2. "Director" signifies the director of agriculture, industry, and commerce
of the Netherlands East Indies.

REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE IMPORTATION OF LIVING PLANT MATERIAL TO PREVENT
THE INTRODUCTION OF PLANT DISEASES AND PESTS
[Decree of the Governor-General, Sept. 27, 1926; Staatsblad van Nederlandsch-Indie,
No. 427, 1926]

IMPORTATION OF HEVEA PLANTS AND SEEDS FROM ,SOUTH AMERICA

ARTICLE 1. Concerns the importation of Hevea plants and seeds from South
America.
IMPORTATION OF OTHER PLANTS RESTRICTED

ART. 2. (1) The importation of living plant material other than that referred
to in article 1 (without prejudice to the provisions of arts. 4 and 7) is per-
mitted only through the ports authorized for that purpose by the director and
with due observance of the provisions promulgated by him.
ART. 3. Prescribes that the importer shall pay inspection fees.

EXCEPTIONS PROVIDED FOR

ART. 4. Under conditions to be imposed by him, the director may permit the
importation into the Netherlands East Indies of plant material such as that
referred to in article 2, in respect to which the provisions of this decree have
not been observed.
ART. 5. Provides for penalties for infractions of the regulations.
ART. 6. Provides for the appointment of officials charged with the detection
of infractions.
SPECIAL EXEMPTIONS

ART. 7. This decree does not apply to the importation of:
(a) Living plant material for the importation of which special regulations
are or will be established.
(b) Seeds obviously intended for consumption.
(c) Living plant material to be indicated by the director.






19371 SI:VI'EC ANI) I:;LAT t( Y ANN) NCEIMENTS


GENERAL REGULATIONS

[Decree No. 9760-A. Z., Nov. 3, 1926, as amended]

SECTION 1. AUTHORIZED PORTS OF ENTRY

ARTICLE 1. The director has resolved to designate the following as ports of
entry:
(a) For seeds, living plants, and parts of living plants-Taindjo-ng Priok,
and Modan (Belawan Bli).
(b) For fresh fruits by mail : Tandjoeng Priok, Semara ng, Soerab aja, Sa bang,
Oelee Lhieue, Padang, Bnkoelen. Palemba ng, Djallmbi, Rengal, Belgkllis,
Medan (Belawan Bel), Pa ngkalpinang, Tandjoeng, Panda n, Pontianal k, Lingkas
(Tarakan)," Sama riiida, lalikpa)pan, Manado, Makassar, and Boeia.
(c) For potatoes by mail: Tandjoeng Priok, Medanl. Lingkas (Tarakan),
Balikwpapan, a ind Mainado.
(d) For tea seeds : Tandjoeng Priok, Medan, Palembang, and Padang.
(c) For plant material intended for experiments of the coconut experiment
station at Manado: Manad(o.
Sections 2 and 3. Concern the appointment of technical inspectors.

SIECTION 4. IMPO:TATION UNRESTRICTED

Living plant material to which the provisions of the decree of September 27,
1926, are not applicable:
(a) Seeds of the followilng-named vegetables, herbs, fruits, and medicinal
plants:
Alliumn spp.: chive, garlic, leek, onion, Pinmenta officinalis Berg., allspice.
shallot, etc. Pimpinella ani.um L., anise.
Ancthuim graveolens L., dill. Portulaca oleracea L., purslane.
Anthriscius cerecfoli an Hoffm., chervil. Radicul/a armioracia Robins, horserad-
Aricmi.ia aubrotanum L., southern- ish.
wood. Radicuh ( ast rtium-aquaticum Brit.
Asparagus officinalis L., asparagus. Rend., watercress.
Brassica spp. : broccoli, cabbage, cauli- Rapihapnus saticius L., radish.
flower, kale, mustard, rutabaga, tur- Rhlint rhapontictinm L., rhurbarb.
nip, etc. Ribc'. spp.. currants and gooseberries.
Capsicum anni mn L., red pepper. Roismarihtus officinalis L., rosemary.
Ci(chorliu intybius L.. chicory, witloof. RubuDi spp., blackrrie, berries ras rries.
Cochlcaria officinalis L., scurvy grass. RIecx spp., sorrel.
Coriandrumn saticvun L., coriander tailria spp., sage.
Cyna'ra scolynmus L., globe-artichoke. uaturtrcia spp., savory.
Da ucus carota L., carrot. Sca*ldix--see Anlih riscNus.
Foe0ici'lu ni ulflare Hill, fennel. ScorZeicra hii pa(n ic L., salsify.
Frayar ia spp., strawherries. Sinapis--see Brassica.
Lactucai stira L., lettuce. Si.Sybri -i-see Radicula vasturtium-
Larandllua (officitnaiis) vcra D. C., lav- aquaticum.
ender. Solanum mdelongena L., eggplant.
Leontodon, see Tar(axacum. Spincea oleracca L.. spinach.
Lepidium satirvum L., peppergrass. Ta'raxractu officinale Weber. dandelion.
Lycopersicum escculen)tum Mill, tomato. Tetrayon ia crpansa Thunb., New Zea-
.Meiissa officinalis L., balm. land spinach.
Mentfha spp.. mints. Th jymus vulgaris L., thyme.
Ocinmiim basilicum L., basil. Valcrianclla olitoria Moench, corn-
Origanum ntimjoraiin L.. marjoram. salal.
Pat;ti aca satira L., paIrsnip.
(b) Seeds of ornalmental plants belonging to the following genera : Abu tilon,
Adonis, Ageraitun, Agro.ut(mmia, Althica. Ali sum.n Awarantlu ts, Animobhium,
Anemwon' Antigonon. A tirrh inain, Aqaiil(egia, Arctotiox. Aristolocliia. Asparagus,
As't'r. BJ'gonia, BelliN, Bidenis. Boltonia. Bouinsintfau tia. Buiph tlalimtun,. Cacalia,
Calceolaria, Calendula, C'amnpan ula. Cana. Cardui s'. (closia. ('Ctenta ria. Chiei-
ranthlius,, rylsantli cli m, Cineraria, Clarkia. Clematis. Clerodendron. Cobaea,
Coleus, Conrolvulus, Coreopsis, Cosmos (Cosmea), Cuphea, Cyclamen, Cynara,

SOnly the ports of Balikpapan and Lingkas (Tarakan) are authorized for the entry of
commercial shipments. (See decree of Oct. 21, 1929, p. 10.)





84 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [an.-Mar

Cynoglossum, Dahlia, Delphinium, Dianthus, Digitalis, Dimorphotheca, cremo-
carpus (Calampelis), Eschscholtzia, Gaillardia, Gerardia, Gerbera, Gilia, G -
inia, Gomphrena, Gypsophila, Helianthus, Helichrysum, Heliotropim, Heli-
terum (Acroclinium, Rhodanthe), Hibiscus, Iberis, Impatiens, Inula, Ipomoea,
Kniphofia (Tritonia), Leptosiphon, Linaria, Lobelia, Lunaria, Lychnis, Matri-
cari, tthola, aa, edMatthiola, Maurandia, Mediola, Mimulus, Mirabilis, Myosotis, Nemesia,
Nemophila, Nicotiana. Nigella, Nycterinia, Oenothera, Passiflora, Pelargonium,
Pentstemon, Perilla, Petunia, Phacelia, Phlox, Physalis, Poinsettia, Portulaca,
Potentilla, Primula, Pyrethrum, Quamoclit (Mina), Reseda, Ricinus, Rosa,
Rudbeckia, Salpiglossis, Salvia, Sanvitalia, Saponaria, Scabiosa, Schizant us,
Senecio, Silene, Solanum, Stevia, Stokesia, Streptocarpus, Tagetes, Thelespera
(Cosmidium), Thunbergia, Tithonia, Torenia, Trachelium, Tropaeolum, Ver-
bent, Vinca (Lochnera), Viola, Volutarella (Amberboa), and Zinnia.
(c) As amended by decree No. 7345-A, August 12, 1929:
1. Vegetables, onions, bulbous plants (except potatoes), beets, and root crops
intended for consumption or medicinal purposes.
2. Shallots and garlic.
3. Dried fruits and parts thereof, such as almonds, peanuts, grain, chestnuts,
caraway seeds, cloves, Jesuit's nut (Trapa bicornis L., T. natans L., ling-kok),
nutmegs, walnuts, pakwo, pepper, rice, etc., for consumption or medicinal
purposes.
(d) Coconuts from which the husks have been removed.
(e) Spawn of edible mushrooms.
(f) Sugarcane cuttings imported through Tandjoenk Priok and Soerabaja
for scientific purposes and addressed to the director of the experiment station
of the Java sugar industry at Pasoeroean.

SECTION 5. IMPORT RESTRICTIONS ON PLANT MATERIAL

With respect to the permissible importation of living plant material into the
Netherlands East Indies, the following provisions are applicable:

Phytosanitary certificate required

ARTICLE 1. (1) The importation of the plant material referred to in article
2 of the decree of September 27, 1926 (except as indicated in the following
paragraphs) is permitted only when each shipment is accompanied by a cer-
tificate signed by a competent official of the government of the country of origin
or one of the branches thereof.
(a) Indicating the species to which the plant material belongs or from
which it was derived.
(b) The quantity and weight thereof.
(c) Affirming that at the time of shipment the said material was, accord-
ing to his conviction, free from pests and diseases of cultivated plants.

Restrictions on the importation of potatoes

(2) Without prejudice to the provisions of the preceding paragraph, the im-
portation of potatoes from the Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, Poland, Eng-
land and Wales, Ireland, Scotland, United States, and Canada is permitted
only when each shipment is accompanied by a certificate issued by an official
phytopathological institution of the country of origin affirming that the potatoes
were found free from wart disease (Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Pere.),
and that this disease does not occur in the field in which the potatoes were
grown, nor within a radius of 500 meters therefrom. (See also the decree of
Oct. 21, 1929, p. 10.)

Restrictions on the importation of Hevea

(3) Without prejudice to the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article, the
importation of seeds, living plants and parts thereof of Hevea brasiliensis is
permitted only when the shipment is accompanied by a certificate issued by
the phytopathological institute of the country of origin, affirming that the
trees from which the plant material was taken are free from the South Ameri-
can leaf disease (Melanopsaimmopsis ulci (Henn.) Stahel) =(Fusicladium mac-
rosporium Kuyper) and from phytophthora leaf-fall diseases (Phytophthora





1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 85

faberi Maube. and P. meadi McRae), and that on the estate or estates where
the said trees grew no material has ever been imported from countries where
these diseases occur.
Paragraphs 4, 5, and 6, respectively, of this article provide (1) that plant
material may be imported from China without the certificate prescribed by
paragraph 1; (2) that fruits assembled in the Netherlands may be imported
if accompanied by a certificate issued by the phytopathological service at
Wageningen; (3) that cacao plants (Theobroma cacao) from America may
be imported only in the form of living cacao plants grown from seed in Europe
in European soil.
Inspection on arrival

ART. 2. (1). The plant material referred to in the preceding article, and the
containers, and packing material in which it was imported, will be allowed
to proceed to the consignee only after having been inspected by the expert men-
tioned in sections 2 and 3, and found to be free from pests and diseases of
cultivated plants; or if that be practicable, after it has been disinfected or
otherwise freed from the organisms concerned.
ARTS. 3, 4, 5, and 6. Concern the disposal of shipments of plant material
on arrival.
Section 6. Fees for inspection and disinfection.
Section 7. Exemption of shipments of plant material intended for the Depart-
ment of Agriculture, Industry, and Commerce and institutions connected with
that department.
Section 8. Prescribes forms for import permits, reports of seizure, etc.

RESTRICTIONS ON THE IMPORTATION OF FRUITS AND POTATOES
[Decree of Oct. 21, 1929]

The following provisions have been promulgated by the director of agricul-
ture, industry, and commerce, Buitenzorg, by Decree No. 9660-A, October 21,
1929, for the importation of fresh fruits and potatoes.

PORTS OF ENTRY

A. Without regard to mail shipments of fresh fruits and potatoes, to which
the provisions of the decree of November 3, 1926, remain applicable, the ports
of Balipapan and Lingkas (Tarakan) are designated as ports of entry for
fresh fruits and potatoes.
B. The following regulations apply to the importation of the products named
in A through the places named therein.

IMPORT PERMIT REQUIRED

ARTICLE 1. Fruits and potatoes are admitted into unrestricted traffic after
a permit has been issued by the chief official of the import and export customs
and tariff service, or in his name.

PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE REQUIRED

ART. 2. This permit will be issued only when the fruits and potatoes offered
for entry are accompanied by:
(a) A certificate signed by an expert of the government of the country of
origin or one of its organizations, in which is indicated the kind and quantity
(number of packages), itemized as far as necessary, and affirming that the
fruit or potatoes contained in the shipment, according to his inspection, were
free from pests and diseases of cultivated plants.
(b) With respect to potatoes, in addition, a certificate issued by a phytopatho-
logical institution in the country of origin in which it is affirmed that the
potatoes were found free from potato wart (Synchytrium endobioticum) and
that in the field in which the potatoes were grown and for a radius of 500
meters this disease does not occur.
(c) A declaration of the phytosanitary official in charge of the national
phytosanitary service in the locality or, in his absence, of the physician of the
Batavian Petroleum Co. (Bataafsche Petroleum Maatschappij) to the .effect





86 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE Jan.-Mac

that he inspected the shipment and deemed the fruits and/or potatoes fit for
entry.
ART. 3. The declaration under 2 (c) is not to be furnished by the physician
concerned for fruits and/or potatoes which on inspection show:
(a) 1. With respect to fruits, that these or their packing material are not
free from living stages of fruit flies or fresh traces of those insects.
2. With respect to potatoes, that they are not free from wart.
(b) That they are found to be in such a dying condition, or so rotten, that
it is not possible to make an inspection for the presence of the pests named
under (a).
ART. 4. Fruits and/or potatoes not deemed fit for importation by the inspect-
ing physician will be destroyed.

SPECIAL PERMIT REQUIRED FOR FXSE D

The importation of seeds of plants of the genus Linum is permitted only
under a special permit granted by the director of agriculture under special
conditions to be imposed in each case. (Flaxseed is known also as linseed and
birdseed and pharmaceutically as Semen lini.) (Decree effective Jan. 1, 1934.)



PENALTIES IMPOSED FOR VIOLATIONS OF THE PLANT
QUARANTINE ACT

QUARANTINES AFFECTING MEXICAN PRODUCTS

In the case of the United States versus the persons listed below, for attempt-
ing to smuggle in contraband plant material, the penalties indicated were
imposed by the United States customs officials at the following ports:


Name Port Contraband Penalty

Carolina Sanchez.....---------.. Brownsville, Tex..-------. 27 plants -------... --------.. $1
H. F. Brown..--- .-------....... -- do--....----------.. 2 mangoes--------------------- 1
C. H. Christman.--......------ --- do........------------- 2 mangoes--------.. --------.. 1
Manuel Osaria.......------ --.--- ---. do---........---------- 4 oranges..------.----.. ------- 1
Panfilo Garcia ..------..------ ---. do--.......----------. 1 mamey..-----------------. 1
Manuel Oliverez.....----------.. --do ---------- 7 avocados------...... --------- 1
Jacinto Hernandez--.-----.-----do--------------- 2 guavas..----..-------...----. 1
Genaro Alvarez- -.. .-----------. Eagle Pass, Tex...-------.. 1 orange-------.... .----------- 1
Martin Salazar---..........------------do-------------- 1 orange--........... .------... 1
Santiago Castro---..... ....------ Laredo, Tex-------....... 10 plants --------------------- 1
C. Rodriguez-Perez-.-------.--- do ---------- -3 guavas....----------------. 1
B. B. Lacey_ -------------- --,. do- ......---------.. 13 plants ----------........... 1
EndicacioniDiaz ----..............- .. do---..... .----------. 2 oranges............ ----------
Pasquel Satinas......-------.--- ----. do---.......---------. 25 stalks sugarcane.---..------. 1
Guadelupe Munez.......---------. --do----. .---------.. 4 oranges............ ----------1
Mrs. V. F. Stevens---........-------. --do--.........---------. 3 oranges............ ----------1
Miss Concepcion Muncio...-----..---. do..------ --------- 5 guavas --------------------- 1
Remidos Salazar- ----------- ----- do.........-----------. 2 guavas--------.... .--------- 1
Benito Garcia ........-------....--- ---do--------------- -2 oranges and 2 plants --...... 1
Andres Canales---.....---------..----do---...---------- 7 plants............. ----------1
Miss Angel Maldonoda...------..----..do-....---.------. 1 plant.............. ----------1






1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 87

ORGANIZATION OF THE BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY
AND PLANT QUARANTINE

LEE A STaONG, Chief.
S. A. RAOHWER, Assistant Chief.
AvERY S. HOYT, Assistant Chief.
F. H. SPENCER, Business Manager.
ROLLA P. CURRIE, Editor.
MABEL COLCORD, Librarian.
J. A. HYSLOP, in Charge, Division of Insect Pest Survey and Information.
J. I. HAMBLETON, in Charge, Division of Bee Culture Investigations.
D. L. VAN DINE, in Charge, Division of Fruit Insect Investigations.
F. C. CRAIGHEAD, in Charge, Division of Forest Insect Investigations.
W. H. WHITE, in Charge, Division of Truck Crop and Garden Insect Investi-
gations.
P. N. ANNAND, in Charge, Division of Cereal and Forage Insect Investigations.
R. W. HARNED, in Charge, Division of Cotton Insect Investigations.
F. C. BIsHoPP, in Charge, Division of Insects Affecting Man and Animals.
L. A. HAWKINS, in Charge, Division of Control Investigations.
R. C. ROARK, in Charge, Division of Insecticides and Fungicides.
C. F. W. MUESEBECK, in Charge, Division of Insect Identification.
C. P. CLAUSEN, in Charge, Division of Foreign Parasite Introduction.
S. B. FRACKER, in Charge, Division of Plant Disease Control.
B. M. GADDIS, in Charge, Division of Domestic Plant Quarantines.
E. R. SASSCER, in Charge, Division of Foreign Plant Quarantines.
A. F. BURGESS, in Field Charge, Gypsy Moth and Brown-Tail Moth Control
(headquarters, Greenfield, Mass.).
L. H. WORTHLEY, in Field Charge, Japanese Beetle and Gypsy Moth and Brown-
Tail Moth Quarantines, European Corn Borer Certification, and Dutch Elm
Disease Eradication (headquarters, Bloomfield, N. J.).
I. E. McDONALD, in Field Charge, Pink Bollworm and Thuberia Weevil Quar-
antines (headquarters, San Antonio, Tex.).
P. A. HOIDALE, in Field Charge, Mexican Fruit Fly Quarantine (headquarters,
Harlingen, Tex.).
A. C. BAKER, in Field Charge, Fruit Fly Investigations (headquarters, Mexico
City, Mexico).
W. E. Dov, in Field Charge, Screw Worm Control (headquarters, San Antonio,
Tex.).

LIBRARY
STATE PLANT WARD




















U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1937















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J^^^K-. .BB ^ < < ip 't































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.8.. R. A.-B. E..P. Q. No. 131 Issued September 1937




United States Department of Agriculture
BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE


SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS
APRIL-JUNE 1937


CONTENTS
Page
Quarantine and other official announcements-------.-----------------------....... ...-- 90
Announcements relating to black stem rust quarantine (no. 38) ...--.------- .-..---------. 90
Classification of barberry and Mahonia plants under black stem rust quarantine regulations
(B. E. P. Q. 385, revised) ..-------.----------------------------------------------- 90
Conference on black stem rust quarantine to be held in Washington, D. C., on July 14------ 91
Notice of public conference to consider a revision of quarantine no. 38, on account of the black
stem rust of grains ---------------- ----------- --- ---------------------........ 91
Announcements relating to Japanese beetle quarantine (no. 48).--..------------------------ .. 91
Instructions to postmasters ..-_ ..------------------------- ------------------ 91
Japanese beetle quarantine amended ------------ ------------------------------ 92
Modification of Japanese beetle quarantine regulations (amendment no. 1) -------------- 92
Notice to general public through newspapers--..------------.------ ----------- 95
Announcements relating to pink bollworm quarantine (no. 52) --.---..------- --------------- 95
Pink bollworm quarantine regulations revised ....-----. --..-------..-----..-----...... 95
Modification of pink bollworm quarantine regulations (amendment no. 2) .----------.--. 96
Notice to general public through newspapers--..----..--..... -- ------------------ 97
Instructions to postmasters.-.....------------.------------ ---------- 98
Administrative instructions-treatment requirements removed as a condition for interstate
shipment of baled lint and linters and products thereof from certain specifiedpink bollworm
lightly infested areas of New Mexico and Texas (B. E. P. Q. 414, revised).-----------------. 98
Administrative instructions-approval of alternative treatment for the interstate movement
of baled cotton linters ginned from cottonseed produced in areas lightly infested with the
pink bollworm (B. E. P. Q. 450)..-- .....------------- ------- ----------------.-------- 98
Announcement relating to Thurberia weevil quarantine (no. 61) --------------------------- 99
Administrative instructions-approval for alternative treatment for cottonseed as a con-
dition for interstate movement from the area regulated under quarantine no. 61 (B. E. P. Q.
436) ............-_-- -- 9---9--------- ------------- ---------- 99
Terminal inspection of plants and plant products ---. .-----------.. --.--. --------------- 99
California State plant quarantines ---------------- --------- ----------------- 99
Mississippi State plant quarantine --------------------------------------------- .102
Montana State plant quarantines ----- .-------------------------------------.---.------ 102
Miscellaneous items------------------ ----------------------------------------------------- 103
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Egypt (B. E. P. Q. 375, revised)--------- 1G3
Plant-quarantine import and transit restrictions, Republic of Austria (B. E. P. Q. 402, revised,
and supplement no. 1).-------.----- -- -----------------...------------------- 113
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, British Colony of Malta (B. E. P. Q. 406, revised,
and supplement no. 1) ----------------------- --- ------------- ----------- ..-. 121
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, United Kingdom of Great Britain (B. E. P. Q. 416.
supplement no. 2)..--------------- --.-. ------- .-------------........ ---------.. 122
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Rumania (B. E. P. Q. 422, supplement
no. 2) _---- ----------------------------------___------ 125
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Republic of Argentina (B. E. P. Q. 426, supplement
no. 1)................ .........--------------------------- .---------.----... 125
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Presidency of Montserrat, British West Indies (B. E.
P. Q. 430) -- __ --_ -----------------.---------- ----------- 128
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of St. Vincent, British West Indies (B. E. P. Q.
431)....----------------....- .. -- ---------------------------- --------_ 129
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony (B. E. P. Q. 432)... 132
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of Barbados, British West Indies (B. E. P. Q.
433)--... .....---...-----.............. ---------- ---------------------------..- 133
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of St. Lucia, British West Indies (B. E. P. Q.
434)--..............-----.........-------......---------- ---------...------..- 135
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Territory of Northern Rhodesia (B. E. P. Q. 435)--- .. 137
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Belgium (B. E. P. Q. 437, superseding
P. Q. C. A. 315)--........................-------- ...-------------------------- 140
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Greece (B. E. P. Q. 438 and supplement no. 1)-------. 148
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Sweden (B. E. P. Q. 439, superseding
P. Q..C. A. 321).-..----........------..........................------------------------.. 154
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, British Colony of Seychelles (B. E. P. Q. 440) -------- 161
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Fernando Po and Spanish Guinea (B. E. P. Q. 441) 103
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Colony of British-Guiana (B. E. P. Q. 442)..---.... 164
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, French Colony of Algeria (B. E. P. Q. 443)-..-------- 166
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, French Zone of Morocco (B. E. P. Q. 444)----..------ 175
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Central America (B. E. P. Q. 445. superseding P. Q.
C. A. 314) ......-- ...................---- .......--..............-. .------- ......... .. 185
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Territory of Southern Rhodesia (B. E. P. Q. 446).... 190
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (B. E. P. Q. 447)----..-----. 195
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Belgian Congo (B. E. P. Q. 448) -------------------- 200
Plant-quarantine import restrictions, Iran (Persia) (B. E. P. Q. 449) ------. -------.------ 201
Penalties imposed for violations of the Plant Quarantine Act.-----.. --.. ----.---..-----------. 202
Organization of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine-..-.---.-- ---------- ------- 205
8226--37--1 89







90 BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE [Aprllun

QUARANTINE AND OTHER OFFICIAL
ANNOUNCEMENTS

ANNOUNCEMENTS RELATING TO BLACK STEM RUST QUARANTINE
(NO. 38)
B. E. P. Q. 385 revised (supersedes P. Q. C. A. 320 (2d rev.) and supplement no. 1).
CLASSIFICATION OF BARBERRY AND MAHONIA PLANTS UNDER BLACK STEM
RUST QUARANTINE REGULATIONS
APRIL 1, 1937.
The rules and regulations supplemental to Notice of Quarantine No. 38,
Revised, as amended, provide that no plants, cuttings, stocks, scions, bud,
fruits, seeds, or other plant parts capable of propagation, of the genera Ber-
beris, Mahonia, or Mahoberberis, "shall be moved or allowed to be moved
interstate from any State of the continental United States or from the District
of Columbia into any of the protected States, namely, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana,
Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South
Dakota, Wisconsin, and Wyoming, nor from any one of said protected States
into any other protected State, unless a permit shall have been issued therefor
by the United States Department of Agriculture, except that no restrictions are
placed by these regulations on the interstate movement either of Japanese
barberry (Berberis thunbergii) or any of its horticultural varieties, or of
cuttings (without roots) of Mahonia shipped for decorative purposes and not
for propagation." (See amendment no. 1, Reg. 2-a.)
The protected States referred to below under groups A and B are the thir-
teen barberry eradication States named in Regulation 2-a, quoted above. Bar-
berry and Mahonia plants other than those listed in such groups may not be
shipped interstate into any of the protected States.
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


A.-BARBERRIES WHICH MAY BE SHIPPED INTERSTATE WITHOUT PERMIT OR
RESTRICTION
Permits are not required for any interstate movement of Berberis thunbergii
or of the rust-immune varieties thereof under the regulations of the black
stem rust quarantine, revised. The varieties so far as tested by the Depart-
ment are as follows: Berberis thunbergii, B. thunbergii atropurpurea, B. thun-
bergii maximowiczii, B. thunbergii minor, B. thunbergii pluriflora, B. thun-
bergii pluriflora erecta.
Mahonia cuttings without roots may be shipped for decorative purposes
without permit or other restriction. Permits are, however, required if they
are intended for propagation.
B.-BARBERRIES IMMUNE OR SUFFICIENTLY RESISTANT FOR DISTRIBUTION IN THE
PROTECTED STATES
Permits are required under the regulations of the black stem rust quarantine
for interstate movement of the following species or varieties into any protected
State, and for such movement from any protected State into any other protected
State. Application for such permit should be addressed to the Division of
Domestic Plant Quarantines, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine,
United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
Berberis acmulans, B. aquifolium (Mahonia), B. beaniana, B. buxifolia, B.
candidula, B. chenaultii (hybrid), B. circumserrata, B. concinna, B. darwinii,
B. dictyophylla var. albicaulis, B. diversifolia, B. edgeworthiana. B. gagnepainii,
B. gilgiana, jin, B. ulianae, B. koreana, B. mentorensis, B. nervosa (Mahonia),
B. potanini, B. repens (Mahonia), B. sargentiana, B. sanguinea, B. stenophylla
(hybrid), B. triacanthophora, B. verruculosa.
C.-BARBERRIES SUSCEPTIBLE TO ATTACK OF BLACK STEM RUST AND NOT PERMITTED TO
BE SHIPPED INTO THE PROTECTED STATES
Barberry and Mahonia plants of species and varieties not listed above in
groups A and B are prohibited shipment into the protected States or from any







1937] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 91

protected State to any other protected State, and permits will not be issued for
such shipment.

CONFERENCE ON BLACK STEM RUST QUARANTINE TO BE HELD IN WASHINGTON,
D. C., ON JULY 14
[Press notice]
JUNE 4, 1937.
A conference to consider a revision of quarantine no. 38, on account of the
black stem rust of grains, will be held in Washington, D. C., on July 14, 1937,
Lee A. Strong, Chief of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, an-
nounced today. The conference will open at 10 a. m. in the South Building
auditorium of the Department of Agriculture.
The proposal to be discussed is that of adding Missouri, Pennsylvania, Vir-
ginia, and West Virginia to the list of States designated as protected in the
quarantine, and thereby regulating the interstate movement into or between
such States of all barberry and Mahonia plants except the Japanese barberry
(Berberis thunbergii) and its rust-immune varieties.
The quarantine order at present prohibits the shipment of rust-susceptible
barberry and Mahonia plants from all States and the District of Columbia
into 13 protected States. Permits are required for shipment of immune species
of barberry into or between such States except that interstate movement of
the Japanese barberry and its rust-immune varieties is not restricted. The
States designated as protected in the quarantine are Colorado, Illinois, Indiana,
Iowa, Minnesota, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South
Dakota, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
Barberry eradication in the protected States named has been in progress
since 1918. Similar work has been carried on during the past 2 years in the
four States now proposed to be added to the protected area.


NOTICE OF PUBLIC CONFERENCE TO CONSIDER A REVISION OF QUARANTINE
NO. 38 ON ACCOUNT OF THE BLACK STEM RUST OF GRAINS

JUNE 3, 1937.
Notice is hereby given that a public conference will be held by the Bureau
of Entomology and Plant Quarantine in the auditorium of the South Building
of the Department of Agriculture, Independence Avenue (B Street) SW., Wash-
ington, D. C., at 10 a. m., on July 14, 1937, at which consideration will be
given to the advisability of revising quarantine no. 38 on account of the black
stem rust of grains. The proposal to be considered is that of adding the States
of Missouri, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia to the list of States
designated as protected in the quarantine and thereby regulating the interstate
movement into or between such States of all barberry and Mahonia plants ex-
cept the Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii) and its rust-immune varieties.
Any person interested in the revision under consideration may appear at this
public conference and be heard either in person or by attorney.
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.



ANNOUNCEMENTS RELATING TO JAPANESE BEETLE QUARANTINE
(NO. 48)
INSTRUCTIONS TO POSTMASTERS

POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT,
THIRD ASSISTANT POSTMASTER GENERAL,
Washington, May 10, 1937.
Postmaster:
MY DEAB SIR: Your attention is invited to the inclosed copy of the latest
revision of quarantine no. 48 of the United States Department of Agriculture
(effective Mar. 1, 1937), extending the area and modifying the regulations in