Insects in relation to national defense

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Material Information

Title:
Insects in relation to national defense
Series Title:
Its Circular no. 1-23. Feb. 1941-Jan. 1944
Added title page title:
Insects in relation to national defense, circular
Physical Description:
24 nos. in 1 v. : ill., photos., map, plans, diagrs. ; 23 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
U.S. Govt. Print. Off.
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Beneficial insects   ( lcsh )
Insect pests   ( lcsh )
Insecticides   ( lcsh )
Fumigation   ( lcsh )
World War, 1939-1945 -- Health aspects   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

General Note:
Reproduced from type-written copy.
General Note:
Includes bibliographical references.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 029081698
oclc - 09471812
Classification:
lcc - SB931 .U44
System ID:
AA00022863:00023

Full Text



LIBRARY
STATE PLANT BOARD







INSECTS IN RELATION
TO
NATIONAL DEFZN8l



Circylar 23





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ENTOMOLOGY AND
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INSECTS IN RLATION TO NATIONAL DEFENSE
* * Supplemental Foreword, 1y 1, 194 * * *



The preparation and publication of a series of articles
dealing with insects that attack or annoy man and destroy mate-
rials produced and assembled for defense purposes were begun
in the latter part of 194, This series of 23 circulars was
issued in processed form under the general title "Insects in
Relation to National Defense." The primary purpose of these
articles was to present in convenient form essential current
information to aid those directly concerned with national
defense on how to recognize and combat the more important
insect pests that would be encountered. Seven of the series
were issued in February 1941 and 18 by November of that year.
Two of the remaining articles were issued in 1942, two in
1943, and the Reference Index (No. 23) in January 1944.
Since the initial preparation and publication of cer-
tain of the articles, intensive research on some of the pests
has developed new and more effective methods for combating
them. During the interval there have also been marked
changes.with regard to supplies of certain insecticides,
materials used with them, and devices and equipment used to
apply them. Because of these developments the recommenda-
tions on control measures and the information'on materials
to be used, given in certain of the circulars, are not en-
tirely current. Conditions as to supplies are subject to
frequent changes and intensified research will continue to
develop new information on control practices. It has,
therefore, been deemed unwise to revise the various circu-
lars and endeavor to keep them up-to-date.

Information on new methods of control is made avail-
able to responsible military officials and, when approved
by them, appioupri.e instructions are issued. In the case
of some pests, specifically lice, where the control proce-
dures have been modified as a result of recent research,
the new materials are not generally available even for use
by military agencies within the continental United States.
Specific instructions from responsible military officials
are, therefore, necessary in reference to their use.

The offer to supplement information included in the
various circulars, which was made in the introductory
number, is renewed. The Bureau of Entomology and Plant
Quarantine will be glad ,- give advice on specific questions
with regard to control of particular insects and to supply
information on the availability of supplies that may be
secured to combat them.













INSECTS IN RELATION

TO
NATIONAL DEFENSE

Circular 23 Reference Index


This oiroular has been prepared for
the purpose of making the information con-
tained in the previous 22 circulars of the
series more readily available and useable to
those for whose purpose the information was
assbmbled.- The subject matter index has been
prepared in two parts: Part I is a general
reference index dealing with the insects re-
lated to national defense, and includes de-
Tioes, materials, and methods useful in
their prevention and control. Part II is a
tro.s reference index to those subjects,
uORh as animals, buildings, camp locations,
diseases, foods, materials, etc. with which
insects are concerned in connection with nation-
al defense.

The references are arranged alpha-
betically. The first number after the refer-
ence indicates the number of the circular and
numbers following the dash designate page
numbers. References occurring in more than
one circular are separated by a semicolon,
and references to an illustration of the
subject matter are preoeeded by the abrevia-
tion (illus.): e.g. 8-17, (illus.) 18; 18-7,
tillus.) 8 would indicate that references to
the same subject matter occur on page 17 of
circular 8 and on page 7 of circular 18; also
that the subject matter is illustrated on
page 18 of circular 8 and on page 8 of cir-
oular 18.









2 Circular 23 Reference Index

PART I GENERAL REFERENCE INDEX


Accessories (spraying) Paris green for
................20-23. mosquito control
manufacturers and .............7-20.
distributors 20-32. uses and features
... .... ....20-40.
Acrobatic ant (Cre- spraying.......20-40.
mastogaster, spp.) cost; commercial
habits..........15-4. companies...20-42.
methods......20-41.
Aedes (Mosquitoes) uses,........20-40.
aegypti L.
adults.......7-7. Alcohol (ethyl)
habits....... 7-8. characteristics;
yellow-fever-mos- price; uses....21-7.
quito........7-7. in remedy for Sarcop-
breeding places tes scabiei...15-21.
..............7-12.
egg (illus.)....7-6. Alkali (see Washing
encephalomyelitis Soda)
transmitted by
..............7-10. Amblyomma americanum
habits......... 7-9. (L.)(see Lone star
known as "pest mos- tick)
quitoes"...... 7-9.
life history... 7-2. Amblyomma cajennense
(Fabr.)(see Cayenne
Air-bulb atomizers tick)
description; uses
...............20-6. Amblyomma hebraeum Koch
transmittor of human
Air tick bite fever of
movement, in relation Lourenco Marques
to mosquito control ...............12-3.
..............7-10.
American dog tick
Airplane (Dermacentor variabilis
dusting.......20-40. (Say))
cost; commercial carrier of Rooky Mt.
companies..20-42. spotted fever..12-2.
hopper and funnel cause of ascending
............20-1. paralysis......12-2.









Circular 23 Referenee Index 3


American dog tick Anthrenus serophulariae
(D. variabilis (see Common carpet
(Say))(ont'd) beetle)
distribution...12-5.
hosts of young Anthrenus voraz (see
stages........12-9. Furniture Oarpet beetle)
male and female
(illus.)......12-8. Ants
may transmit rabbit breeding places
fever.........12-2. ...............15-5.
nymph (illus.) 12-7. control,.......15-6.
reduction of, by distinction from
control of meadow termites.. ....2-2.
mice.........12-16. (illus.)........3.
seed tick (or larva) fumigants for con-
habits......12-10. trol..........15-7.
(illus.).....12-7. fumigation of nests
...............15-7.
American roach (Peri- identification 15-6.
planeta americana .) important kinds
description ....11-3. ...............15-3
development....11-4. oil-pyrethrum ex-
(illus.).......11-5. tract spray..21-66.
phosphorus paste ef- poisoned baits 15-8.
feotive against sodium arsenate
........ .....21-63. ........... .21-69.
tartar emetic
Ammonia (for relief of) .... .......21-77.
centipede bites tartario acid
..............15-30. ............21-78.
venomous caterpillar thallium sulfate
irritations..15-18. ............21-78.
preventive measures
Angoumois grain moth ...............15-6.
as food insect..4-1. references to liter-
ature........15-11.
Anopheles (also see repellents and bar-
Malara mosquitoes) riers.........15-7.
adults......7-6,7,8.
breeding places 7-3. Ant nests
control........7-11. control......15-5,6.
eggs............7-5. looation..15-7,8,10.
larvae..........7-6.
pupae...........7-6. Ant tapes........15-7.








4 Circular 23 Reference Index


Aprons uses in insect con-
ohemically resistant trol...........21-8.
uses...6-10; 20-50.
manufacturers and Atomizers.........20-6.
distributors air-bulb,.......20-6.
.........20-50. electrio........20-7.
concrete, for termite hand pump.......20-6.
prevention....2-18. use to tteat nasal
metal (see shields) infestations...18-9.

Aresket Attagenu pioeus
characteristics; man- (black carpet beetle)
ufacturers and dis- adult..3-3,(illus.)5.
tributors.....21-8. larva..3-3,(illus.)6.
use in mosquito lar-
vicidal sprays Bacon rind
........7-19; 21-8. us in poisoned ant
ba its,, .....* 15-9.
Argas iniatus Koch
isee Fowl tik)
molasses
Argentine ant (Irido- 8 ;
aymex humilis) wast scraps, liver or
female and worker "gut alime....8-18.
(illus.) ......15-4.
pest in the U. S. Baking soda (treatment
.... .... ..... 15-4. for)
poisoned bait centipede bites
......15-9; 21-70. ..... ...15-30.
prevention of trans- skin irritations
portation.....15-6. ...............15-18.

Army ants (Dorylus pp.) Barrel pumps
habits... ... l15-3. description and
uses...........20-16
Arsenical dip (illus. ).*....20-17.
caution........19-4. manufacturers and dis-
for control of tributors.....-0-18.
house lice...19-4.
ticks on horses Barriers (also see
and cattle 12-22. Shields)
ant,, .........15-7,
'Asbestos termite.. ......2-33.
oharacteristios;
manufacturers and Bean weevils
distributors; as food inseots..-1.
price..... *..21-9.








Circlar 23 Reference Index 5


Bedbugs Benzene (also called
adult........,10-1. Benzol)
control........10-3. larvicide for Huma
fumigation...10-4. bot fly.8-20; 21-9.
individual beds caution in handling
.............10-6. ........21-9; 18-11.
kerosene....21-42. characteristics
oil-pyrethrum ex- .......... ....21-9.
tract control of bees and
.....10-5; 21-66. wasps........15-14.
pyrethrum dust in screwworm Formula
............21-66. No. 62...18-10, 11.
sprays.......10-5: source.......... -9.
superheating.10-5. treatment for screw-
egg shells.....10-3. worm
exoretal specks ..8-19; 18-9; 21-9.
(illus.)......10-4.
feeding habits.10-2. Benzoate of soda
'means of distribution use in poisoned ant
...............10-2. baits .........15-9.
normal development
...............10-2. Benzol (see Benzene)
reference to litera-
ture..........10-6. Benzyl benzoate
control of itch or
Bed nets scab mite....15-21.
preparation and
use...........7-21. "Berne"
tropical American
Bee nests name for human bot
control...15-14, 15. fly...........8-20.
location..15-12, 13.
Bichloride of mercury
Bees (corrosive sublimate)
classes.......15-12. caution in use.15-7.
control.......15-14. use in ant traps
social kinds..15-13. ...............15-7.
solitary kinds
...........1512. Bird mites
pests of pigeons and
Bellows (or knapsack) livestock....19-13.
duster
description and Biting ants
uses....... 20-35, irritating effects
manufacturers and ...............15-3.
distributors.20-36. species........15-3.











S Circular 23 Reference Index


Biting horse lice Black-legged tick
control ....... 19-4. {Ixodes ricinus
description and life soapularis (Say))
history,......19-3. occurrence.....12-5
(illus.).......19-4.
injury.........19-4. -Black widow spider
species........19-3. appearance.....15-23.
bite and effect
Biting houseflies .. .,..........15-23.
(see Stable flies) oontrol........15-24.
distribution and
Biting lioe habits........15-23.
description; habits references to litera-
...............19-2. ture .........15-26
treatment for bites
Black blowfly .............. 15-24.
(Phormia regina Meig.)
maggots used in Blatta orintalis L.
disease treatment Tsroach)
..............8-16.
Blattella eermanica L.
Black carpet beetle (see an roach}
(Attagenus piceus)
adult Blocking
...3-3,(illus.) 5. termite control 2-33.
larva
.....3-3,(illus.) 6. Blood albumin
emulsifier ......21-5.
Black flies (or
buffalo gnats) Blood-suking flies
adult.......8-26,27. kinds and importance
control........*8-26. ................8-24.
description and
habits........8-26. Blower type duster
larvae,.........8-26 desription and
not disease trans- uses.........20-36
mitters in the nufacturers and
U. S.......... 8-4. distributor...20-37.
transmission of
Onchocera worm Blowflies
7 ......8-2* association with
sorew....18-3.










Circular 23 Reference Index 7


Blowflies (Cont'd) Boophilus annulatus
breeding places and mioroplus (Can.)
habits........8-16. arrier of Texas
control cattle fever..12-22.
conical fly traps control........12-22.
.............8-18. development....12-22.
disposal of car-
casses ......8-17. Borax
disposal of gar- also known as sodium
bage..s.....8-17. borate........21-10.
treating wounds characteristics and
and removing uses..........21-10.
larvae......8-19. manufacturers and
how they invade distributors
humans........8-15. ........6-14; 21-11.
maggots used in dis- procurement and
ease treatments price.........21-11.
.............. 8-16 repellent to Lyctus
powder-post beetles
Body louse (Pedioulus .........6-8; 21-10.
humanus oorporis Deg. use to control
also kown as cookroaches..21-10.
cootie"....... 9-2 houseflies
biology.........9-5. ...8-7,8,10; 21-10.
control mosquitoes
on body......9-10. .......7-18; 21-10.
on clothing..9-11, stable flies
in quarters..9-15. .......17-8; 21-10.
dissemination...9-7.
eggs on clothiig Bordeaux spray nozzles
(illus.).......9-6. description and uses
female (illus.) 9-4. ...............20-28.
Boophilus annulatus Brown banded roach
(Say) (Su ella supelleoti-
carrier of Texas linn u errJ.......Il-4.
cattle fever 12-22. fTea'i nd male
carrier of oattle (illus.).......11-7.
tick fever....12-2.
control.......12-22.
development.. .12-22.









8 Circular 23 Reference Index


Brown dog tick (Rip- Burning
icephalus sangneus carcasses to contlol
(LatIr.)) blowflies
caution in control 8-17, (illus.) 18;
..............12-20. 18-7,(illus.) 8.
control...... 12-19. sorewworms...18-7.
in buildings straw to control
............12-21. stable flies.17-8.
on dogs and in
kennels....12-20. Cadelle
development...12-20. food insect.....4-1.
feeding habits penetration of
..........12-11, 20. containers.....4-5.
male and female
(illus.).... 12-19. Calcium arsenate
pest of man.. 2-20, use against venomous
resistance to caterpillars..15-16.
gants...... .

Brown-tail ~te Calciu chloride
(Nyg ia e:_. characteristics;
(Donov.) price; source, indi-
irritatin.g ... ,vidual uses...21-11.
..............1 15.
Calcium cyanide
rybia Pretisa characteristics
Koch)(see Clo er ......*.........21-38.
mite) cost...........21-39.
fumigation.....22-34.
.ucket pump ants..........15-8.
description danufacturers and
uses ........ 20-14. distributors
illustration. 20-15 ,......21-40; 22-51.
manufacturers and
distributors.20-16 California black-legged
tick (Izodes ricinus
uffalo ats (see califoi (Ban )
Black flies) comon in nacific
Coast states...12-5.
Buffalo moths (s-
Carpet beeties Campho-phenique
treatment of skin
.,uldog ants (S~ irritations...15-18.
MVrmecia spp.)











Circular 23 Reference Index 9


Camphor Carbon disulphide
availability also called carbon
characteristics; bisulfide.....21-14.
price; uses..21-12. availability...21-15.
spirits of characteristics
alleviation of .........21-14; 22-9.
insect bites manufacturers and
.....13-9; 21-12. distributors
in mosquito re- .......21-15; 22-51.
pellent formula precautions
.....7-22; 21-12. ........21-15; 22-11.
use as fumigant
Carbolated vaseline .........21-14; 22-9.
alleviation of flea use to control
bites.........13-9. ants...15-7; 21-14.
horse bots
Carbolic acid ......16-10; 21-14.
availability; char- lice...9-14; 21-14.
acteristics; price
.............21-13. Carbon tetrachloride
precautions...21-13. availability...21-16.
use characteristics
control ear mange ........21-15; 22-12.
of dogs....19-19. industrial and medic-
disinfect tick inal uses.....21-16.
wounds manufacturers and
....12-14; 21-12. distributors
treat skin irri- .......21-16; 22-51.
tations....15-18. mixture with ethylene
dichloride for fumi-
Carbon dioxide gation.............
availability; price 21-15, 29; 22-12, 13.
..............21-14. precautions
characteristics; ........21-16; 22-12.
uses.........21-13. price..........21-16.
mixture with ethyl- uses as fumigant
ene oxide for fumi- ........21-15; 22-12.
gation use to control
......21-30; 22-14. bees and wasps
solid form ("dry .............15-14.
ice")....21-13, 14. ear mange of dogs
.............19-19.
ticks in clothing











10 -2 -:reo .21-17.




S-3r oharacristio and
deo 37. use.o...,,a... 2116.
ha&b T perations .. .21-16.
ite iri pro- Cayenne tick (Amb
t o 3-1 a j ennnse (.abr.) )
-spe 7... 3-2. 2-5.
hosts of seed ticks
Caseir *. **... .. .12-9
emo 21-5.
Cedar (or oedaood
Case :* oil
moth characteristins;
fabri pe. .. 3-2 pre; manufacturer
and distributors
Castor o .*...... .21-17.
cont o mnge u. use lin moito-
of dogs......19-19. \, repllet for
S........7-22; 21-17.
Cat f
phali J Celoure (pressure-
(Bouc treated wood)
anno4 in anuoturers and
U .13-3. ditrib uors...2-40
asrso h man
Sin o 13-4. Centipedes
fr 'iD 13-3. beneficial as pects
pos 8 a ..e...........as,.15-3g.
S13-3 oontrol .... .15-30.
*l .' -t i ......* ... ..15-29.
(Mu- references to litera-
Sre..........15-.
t .12-10.
ho 12- 1-. CentBroides
booorlll (s~ Urango
Cattle-I r scorpion)
BpOhO atus
. A oro- Centruroides vittatus
u str e (ay)(sere Common
striped scorion)











Circular 23 Befrence Index 11


Cheese mites (see Ham effects on man..14-2.
mites) elimination from
grounds.....*..14-8.
Cheese skipper (see hosts...........14-3.
Ham skipper kerosene as repellent
and killing agent
Chicken mite (Derman- ..............21-42*
sus gallinae eg.) life history and
control; effect; methods of attack
habits.......19-13. ...............14-4.
other names.....14-2.
Chiggers (Eutrombioula place of attack 14-5.
alfreddugesi (u-d.)) prevention of attack
alleviation of bites on man.........14-7.
or itching sulfur dusting
oarbolated petro- ...... 14-7; 21-74.
latum.......14-8. reference to litera-
collodion ture..........14-9.
.,... 14-8; 21-21. removal from man
menthol .............14-8.
......14-8; 21-48. seasonal occurrence
petrolatum (vase- ................14-3.
line)......21-61.
sulfur dusting of Chigoe flea (Tun
infested areas penetrans (L.))
.....14-9; 21-74. control.........13-4.
appearance and effects.........13-4.
stages........14-4. life history....13-5.
clothing as pro- not identical with
.teotion,.,,.....14-7. "ohigger"......13-4.
control........14-7.
oil-pyrethrum ex- Chloroform
tract spray availability; char-
...........21-66. aoteristics; price
sulfur dusting of ..............21-18.
infested areas control of bees and
.....14-9; 21-74. wasps.........15-14.
diagnosis and precautions....21-18.
lesions.......14-6. treatment of screw-
distribution in U.S. worms in humans
..............14-2. ........18-9; 21-17.
do not burrow into
the skin......14-5.










12 Circular 23 Reference Index


hloroform (Cont'd) Citronella oil
tube for collecting osquito repellen
adult mosquito ................ 22
specimens
........7-4; 21-18. Cleanliness (see
Sanitation)
Chloropicrin
cilaracteristics Clearance (building)
......21-19; 22-12. termite prevention
control of lice in and control
clothing ....2-8,18,21; 2A-3.
.......9-14; 21-18.
fumigation of bar- Clothes moth (see
racks and houses Webbing clothes mot
.............22-39.
manufacturers and Clover mite (Bryobia
distributors praetiosa (Koch))
......21-19; 22-51. control.......1521
precautions ..22-13 habits.........15-20.
price..21-19; 22-13.
sodium bicarbonate Coal-tar creosote oil
as eyewash...21-71. (see Creosote oil)
uses as fumigant
.......21-18; 22-12. Coal-tar pitch
warehouse fumigation availability... 1-2C.
..22-37. characteristics in-
dustrial uses;
Chorioptes equi price.........21-19.
(Hering) (see Choriop- use in termite p
tic mites) vention........ 2-2
22, 28; 2A-; 2
Chorioptic mites
control of mange Coal-tar plastic cement
from .......19-8. haracteristics;
effect on horses price; mafactur&er
..............19-8. and distribtors
....... 21 20,
Chromated zinc chio- use in terte pre-
ride (pressure- vention 2A-5; 21-20
treated wood)
manufacturers and Coc iomia americana C
distributors..2-40. P. T(see Screwworm fly

Chryq s nira acq. Cockroaches
(deer flcontrol
adult (illus.) 8-26. fumigation...11-8








rculr 23 Reference Inex 13


Cockroaches (Cont'd) Cold storage
control (Cont'd) control
methods......ll-8, fabric pests...3-9.
oilpyrethrum ex- food pests.....4-5.
tract spray not effective against
..1-10 21-66. te ..........5-8.
sprays......ll-l0. preventive against
vaporizng machine animal product in-
............l11-10. sects...........5-8.
development....11-4,
habits.........11-3. Cold weather
how they are trouble- control for fabric
some..........11-2. pests...... ....3-9.
how they gain access
to buildings..11-2. Collodion (or new skin)
prevention alleviation of chigger
cleanliness. .1- bites...14-8; 21-21.
inspect incomng availability; char-
supplies ....-). acteristics; price
methods,.... 11- ..............21-21.
tight screenin
.........e~. 7 Common carpet beetle
reference..,o. .-. (Anthrenus scrophu-
remedies lare
borax powder adt...(illus.) 3-5.
.... 1-9; 21-10. description......3-3.
phosphorus pastes larvae..(illus.) 3-6.
.....11-10; 21-63.
pyrethrumpowder Common horse bot fly
...o..11-9; 21-66, (Gastrophilus intes-
sodium fluoride ti-nalis De GCeer
powder a ........*16-2.
.....11-8; 21-71. control.. ......16-9.
troublesome species distribution in U. S.
........... .. 11-3. .. .....* .. .....16-6.
egg-laying habits
Coconut oil soap ...............16-3.
(liquid) eggs 16-3,(illus.) 4.
characteristics; gen- how injury is pro-
eral uses; manufact- duced..........16-6.
urers and distributors larvae
...........21-21. ..16-4,(illus.) 5 6.
emulsifier....21-20. life history and sea-
sonal activity 16-7.








14 Circular 23 Reference Index


Common striped scorpion ontainrs (stored food)
(Centruroides vittatus tightness essential
(Say) ) ..... ... ... ... ~* -5.
harmless.... .15-27.
Control measures
Compressed air sprayers ants..,.........15-5.
description bedbugs....... 10-3.
...........20-11,12. bees...........15-13.
manufacturers and black flies.....8-26.
distributors 20-12. black widow spiders
uses.....,.20-11,12. ..... ..........15-24.
blood-sucking flies
Concrete ...............8-24.
blocking for ter- blowflies 8-17; 18-6.
mite control..2-33. brow dog tick 12-19.
use in termite pre- buffalo gnats...8-26.
vention....2-13,18. cattle ticks...12-22.
19,22, (illus.) 20. centipedes.....15-30.
chicken mites..19-13.
Conical fly traps chiggers........14-7.
bait pan.......20-43. clover mites...15-20.
illustrations cockroaches.....11-8.
........8-13; 20-45. deer flies......8-25.
specifications dog flies.......8-31.
.............20-44. eye gnats.......8-22.
types and cost fabric insects...3-9.
... .. ......20-43. feather mites..19-14.
fleas...........13-6.
Connectors (metal) food insects.....-3.
termite prevention grain mite.....15-20.
.....*.,.......2A-5. horn flies on horses
...............19-11.
Construction (build- horse bots.....16-9.
ing) horse flies.....8-25.
practices in rela- horse ticks....12-22.
tion to termtes houseflies 8-5;19-12.
.......2-2,7; 2A-2. house spiders..15-25.
human bot fly...8-20.
Contact insecticides insects
uses and action essentials involved
...............21-4. .........1-1,2,3.









Circular 23 Reference Index 15


Control measures wasps..........15-13.
(Cont'd) wood ticks.....12-16.
insects (Cont'd)
devices......20-2. Cootie (see Body louse)
fumigation...22-3.
insecticides and Corrosive sublimate
subsidiary mate- (see Bichloride of
rials.......21-3. mercury)
itoh mite.....15-21.
lioe............9-3. Cottonseed oil
body.........9-10. availability; char-
dog.........19-21, aoteristics; price
head..........9-8. .............21-22.
horse........19-4. insecticidal use
pubio........9-16. powder-post beetles
Lyotus and other ........6-11; 21-22.
powder-post beetles ticks 12-23; 21-22.
...........6-10,15.
meat and animal pro- Crab louse (see Pubic
duct insects...5-7. louse)
millipedes....15-31.
mites (mange) on dogs Crankcase oil
demodeotic..19-20. unsatisfactory for
ear.........19-19. mosquito control
sarooptio...19-17. ...............7-18.
mites (mange) on
horses........19-8. Cremastogaster spp.
mosquitoes.....7-11. (see Acrobatic ants
pigeon flies..19-23.
punkies........8-27. Creosote (also see
sand flies.....8-27. Creosote oil)
scab mite.....15-21. control of body lice
scorpions.....15-28. ................9-11.
sorewworms sprays to repel
.........8-17; 18-6. scorpions.....15-28.
spinose ear tick
........*.....12-23. Creosote oil (or Coal-
stable flies tar creosote oil)
......831; 17-7. caution. .........
straw mite....15-20. 12-20; 19-13; 21-23.
tarantulas....15-26. characteristics;
tropical rat mite price; specifioa-
..............15-19. tions.........21-23.
venomous cater-
pillars......15-15.









16 Circular 23 eferenc Index


Cresote oil (or Coal Cresols
tar oil)(Cont'd) characteristics;
dip cost; manufacturers
brown dog tick and distributors
.......... .12-21. ..............21-24.
lioe on dogs use to control
......... ..19-21. lice
lice on horses ...9-13; 15; 21-24.
......*....19-5. wasp nests...15-14.
manufacturers and
distributors....... Ctenocephalides canis
2-39; 6-14; 21-23. (urt.)
prevention of blow- dog flea in U. S.
flies on carcasses ................13-3.
.......8-17; 21-22.
soil poison against Ctenooephalides felis
termites (Bouche(see Cat flea)
.......2-36; 21-22.
trade name..... 6-14. Ctenopyllus seis
use to control (Son)(rat and
black widow mouse flea)
spiders....15-24. in tropical America
brown dog tick in .............. 3-4.
kennels....12-20. in U. S.........13-2.
centipedes..15-30.
chicken mite Cube powder
.......... 19-13. characteristics
fleas ...............21-25.
....13-6,8; 21-22. cost...........21-25.
house spiders general uses...21-24.
...........15-25. ranufacturers and
millipedes..15-31. distributors..21-25.
sand flies on clothing to pre-
......8-30; 21-22. vent tick bites
stble flies ..............12-12.
.. ....17-9; 21-23. precautions....21-25.
ticks..... ..21-22. use to control
wood pressure-treated fleas..13-7; 21-24.
manufacturers. and horse lioe....19-5.
distributors human lioe........
..2-40. 9-8, 10, 16; 21-24.
treatmaet....2-23. ticks on dogs
,..........12-18,20.









Circular 23 Reference Index 17


Cube powder (Cont'd) Demodectic te -f
use to control dogs
(Cont'd) cause red man
ticks on horses ...... .,.... 9-19.
or cattle..12-22. control..,.. 9-20.
habits.t...... -19.
Culex (mosquitoes) symptoms of -.
egg rafts.....7-6,9. ....*..... .... 9-20.
known as "pest mos-
quitoes".......7-9. Demodex canis L g
larval feeding posi- (see emodecti tes
tion..(illus,) 7-7. of dogs)
quinquefasciatus Say
(southern house Dermacentor alb ,us
mosquito) (Pack. (see i tTck)
carrier of fila-
riasis......7-10. Dernacentor and ni
.resting position of Stiles (seRo~ Mt.
adult (illus.) 7-8. spotted fever t
stream control in
relation to...7-17. Dermacentor nigi neatus
(Pack)
Culicoides (sand control; devel nt;
ies)........8-25. winter tick.., 22.

Cyanide Dermacentor nite Neum.
caution....... .15-8. see TropicT- 0e
fumigant for ants tick)
...............15-7.
Dermaoentor ocicn ":talis
Deepening (lake and Marx. (see Coast
pond margins) tick)
mosquito control
...............7-14. Dermacentor var ia is
(Say (see Am og
Deer flies tick)
breeding sources and
control.......8-25. Dermanyssus Deg.
Chrysops nigra Macq. (see GCT6Wken iI
..*0...Til us.T 8-26.
disease transmitters Dermestes lardari,. L.
...............8-2. (see Larder bee )









18 Circular 23 Reference Index


Dermestes vulpinus airplane sprayng
Fabr. (see Hide and dusting... 0-40.
beetle) barrel pumps.. 20-16.
bellows or knapsack
Derris dusters..... 20-35.
dip bucket pumps.. 20-14.
ticks on dogs care of...... .20-4.
..... 12-18,20. compressed air
ticks on horses sprayers..... 0-11.
and cattle 12-22. conical fly tras
ointment .............. 20-43.
sarcoptic mange on dust goggles... 2-48.
dogs.......19-17. dust mixers... 0-38.
powder dusting equipm'it
characteristics ............. 20-33.
....,.......21-26. electrocutors. 20-47.
manufacturers and fan or blower dister
distributors ........... .. 0-36.
...........21-26. fly traps.....20-43.
precautions 21-26. fumigation equr~ent
prevent tick bites ........... 0-42.
............12-12. gloves and aps
price; source (protective 1 0-50.
............21-26. hose couplings -id
use to control clamps..... .. -32.
ants knapsack spray s
....15-7; 21-25. ............ 0-13.
fleas manufacturers d
....13-7; 21-25. distributors. 20-51.
lice ..,........ miscellaneous 20-50.
9-8,9,10,11,16; mosquito collc ing
19-5,22; 21-25. dropper
pigeon flies .....7-5,(il. s.)4
..........19-24. killing tube 7-4.
ticks motorcycle spra ing
...12-18; 21-25. equipment.._..20-23.
wash nozzle Y...... 0-31.
demodectic mange plunger type d~ter
of dogs.. .19-20. ............... 0-34.
sarcoptio mange power dusters .0-38.
of dogs....19-17. power sprayer.s 0-18.
pressure gaue 20-32.
Devices for insect procurement of ;0-51.
control.........20-1. protective (atge .st
atomizers......20-6. horse bots),.. 16-9.









Ciroular 23 Beference Index 19


Devices for insect Diphenylamine
control (Cont'd) characteristics;
reference to litera- price; caution to
ture,....... .20-56 prevent discolora-
respirators...20-48. tion....... ..21-27.
requirements ..20-3. manufacturers and
special eye gnat distributors
traps....... 20-43. .......18-12; 21-27.
spraying accessories use (screwworm control)
........... ..20-23. .....18-10,12; 21-27.
hose........20-24,
nozzles.....20-26, Disk spray nozzles
rod extension description....20-26.
............20-29. uses. *.........20-27.
shut-off....20-29.
spraying equipment Dog flea (Ctenoepha-
...............20-5. lides oanis'(Curt.))
tarpaulins (rubber- in n. S.......13-3.
ized)...... ..20-49.
types.........20-2. Dog flies (see Stable
vaporizers.....20-9. flies)
wire cloth (screen-
ing).,.......20-46. Dorylus spp. (see Driver
ants)
Diatomaceous earth
characteristics Drainage
.............21-27. campsites 7-13; 8-25.
manufacturers and horse and deer fly
distributors 21-27. control....,....8-25.
price.........21-27. marshes..........7-13.
uses mosquito control
industrial..21-27. .............7-13,14.
insecticidal road construction
......7-20; 21-26. ................7-12.
sand fly control
Dieth-lene glycol mono- ..............8-29.
butyl ether acetate termite control
use..... ......7-22. ..........2-11; 2A-4.

Diethylene glycol mono- Driver ants (Dorylus
ethyl ether spp.)
use............7-22. habits. .........15-3.

Dinitroanisole Dry heat (to control)
use...........15-21. food insects.....4-4.








20 Circular 23 eferrence Index


Dry heat (to control) Dust iixers
(Cont'd) manufacturers and
lice in clothing distributors..20-39.
...............9-12. types.......20-38,39.
Pediculoides ven-
tricosus.....1-20. Ear mites of dogs
powder-ost beetles (Otodectes cynotis

control of mange
Dry ice froma.........19-19.
insecticidal use description; habits;
......... ...21-3. life cycle....19-18.
solid carbon female (illus.)19-18.
dioxide,..... 21-14. irritation from
............. .19-19.
Dryness (to control)
food insects....-5. Eciton spp. (see
Legionary ants)
Duponol W. A.
characteristics Electric atomizers
........21-28. description ..0-7,
manufacturers and manufacturers and
distributors 21-28. distributors...20-9,
use.....7-19; 21-28.
Electrocutors (insect)
Durango scorpion for killing house-
(Centruroides suffusus flies.........8-.
Pock) use; types; msanufact-
deaths from.15-28. urers and distribu-
tor,...a......20-47.
Dusters (or dusting
equipment )...20-4,33. Emulsifier
airlane...... 20-40. Aresket, .. .... 21-8.
bellows or knapsack definition; ty
.. .... .. .. 20-35. ........... 21-5
are........... 20-4. D ponol A .21-28.
dust goggles..2048. GardInol WA...21-35.
ust mixers...20-38. Oru W ....21-57.
fan or blower 20-36.
planr ...... 20-3. mulsions spray)
power..... ...20-38. definition; prepara-
requirements and ton.........
types........20-33.
respirators. 20-48.
., .q









Cirlr 23 ~ference 1nde 21



Ether n.aufac r
availability; price dstibutors..21-31.
.........,.. 21-29 ue asant
characteristics; ,30 22-14.
general use,.21-28.
sorewwor treatment oe rat flea
........18-9; 21-28. ( fasciatus

Ethyl alcohol feae. ilus )13-2.
characteristics; tropical erica
uses; price; ..,....13-4.
availab ility..21-7. Sates..13-2.

Ethylene dichloride tr i a alfreddu-
caution., 21-29.(se
characteristics and ggera
use as fumigant
......21-29; 22-13. Eye ats elates)
in mixture with car- breedingpacs 8-22.
bon tetrachloride control. .....8-22.
cost 21-3~0; 22-14. desorption; habits
manufacturers and ................8-21
distributors repellent s
....21-30; 22-51 .,82 21-47,66.
reduoes fire hazard prays .....8-24.
..21-15; 22-12,13. traps. 23; 20-43.
use for fumgation
.....21-29; 22-42. abri nse
manufacturers and buffalo ioths....3-2.
distributors 21-30. pt betls 3-2,3.
case-making clothes
Ethylene oxlde mot .. ... 3-2.
oaution......21-30. cntrl
characteristics cold storage... 3-9.
......21-30; 22-1L. cold her...3-9.
cost...21-31; 22-15, fug e storage
in mixture with oar- ,, .3-10
bon dioxide gation
cost........22-15. 3- 21-29,30.
manufacturers and napihalene; para-
distributors d chlorobenzene
....21-31; 22-52. .....3-11.
use for fumigation
5-9; 21-3o; 22-42








22 Circular 23 Reference Index


Fabric insects(Contd) black widow spider
description... ..3-2. bites..... ... 15-24.
developent.....3-7. fmiation victim
infestation evidence .....,.....,....22-8.
tes requiring pro- Fish
tection........ 3-1. aids in mosquito
prevention......3-8. control........7-17.
references.....3-12.
tapestry moths..3-2. Flannel moths ( o-
webbing clothes crs a (a))
moths.......... 3-2. venomous cater-
pillars.......15-15.
Fans (ceiling)
exclusion of house- Fleas
flies.........8-11. adults (ils.) 13-3.
alleviation of bites
Fan type duster carbolated vaseline
description; uses ..............13-9.
..........20-36; 37. hydrogen peroxide
manufacturers and ... ...13-9; 21-40.
distributors 20-37. menthol
.......13-9; 21-48.
Feather mite (Li petrolatum (vase-
sus sylvarium Cana. line ....... 21-61.
&Fanz.) spirits of camphor
control.......19-14. .......13-9; 21-12.
hosts......19-13,14. biology.........13-5.
bites...........13-8.
Filling continental United
building oints State........13-2.
............2-1321. control
low areas.....7-13. connection with
rodents......13-7.
Fire ants (Solenopsis in living quarters
spp. ......... .. .3-6.
control....... 15-9*. n utbuildings
habits (8 ....) ...*..*** 13-6.
.......... on domestic animals
ocurrence.....15-3. ..13-7; 21-24; 25.
kerosene as pre-
First aid ventive..... 13-9.









Circular 23 ference Index 23


Fleas (Cont'd) Fly papers
larva and cocoon types; uses.....8-14.
...............13-5.
Materi al for control Fly poisons
cube powder 21-24. formula.........8-14.
derris powder
..... ..21-2 Fly sprays
fly sprays hand pump atomizers
......13-7; 21-3 for applying...20-6.
naphthalen e. .13-t. kerosener .... s21-42.
pyrethrui powder procurement. ,.21-33.
......13-9; 21-6 specifications;
prevention of tyes; uses...21-31.
spread....... .13 standard requirements
references. ...13- ,..9**... ....21-32.
species......13-2,3 use to control
tropical Aerica brow dog tick
.. ........... .13-4 ....,........,12-21.
feather mite 19-14.
Flies h.ouseflies... 8-14.
black..........8-26. house spiders
blood-suoking..8-244. ............ 5-25.
blow or screwworm eye gnats....8-24.
...............8-14. pigeon flies 19-24.
buffalo gnats..8-26. stable flies..17-9.
deer...........8-25. wasps..,, 15-12,14.
dog............8-31.
eye gnats......8-21. Fly swatters
horse..........8-25. use for killing
horse bots..... 16-1. ookroaches...11-7.
house........... 8-2. houseflies....8-14.
human bot...8-19,20.
kinds and effects Fly trips
................8-2. conical type
punkies........8-27. illustration
references.....8-32. .......8-13; 20-45.
sand........... 8-27. use to control
stable.........8-31. blowflies...8-18.
houseflies..8-11.
Flooding specifications
induces mosquito .............20-43.
breeding...... 7-14 hodge type
....17-10,(illus.)Ii.
Flour beetles special type (for eye
food insects. ...4-1 gnats) .......20-43.
illustration....4-2.










Circu 23 ferenc, Index



Fly traps (Cont d uel oil
value; mufacturers carrier or enta-
and distritors chlorophenyl...6-9.
........t..... 20 -3 use to control
mosquitoes
Food insect .....7-18; 21-34.
control powder-post beetles
cold stora.ge 5 ....... . 21-34.
dry heat . te tes
gatio .....2-36 21-34.
illustratios o o o-2 stable les
kinds and habis .19; 21-34.
...... I cti s; gen-
prevention eral uses caution
--'.:Lo
reference .. . . . 21-35.
danger or staning
Forialin olot i ...*.. 7-22.
characteristics distributors; availa-
.............. 21-33. ,ility. 2-0: 21-35.
chief uses; cost; use in sito lar-
availability 21-3 4 vicide .... ...7-19.
... 7-19.
use in fly poisons
........8-14; 21-33. uligable storage
use to control fabric
ormula No. 62 (ont- pests.......3-10.
ment or smear)
cooination screw- mants
worm killer a c. arateri ti c 22-9
wound protector definitr'o ues
. ........ 18. ...... .. 6 .
precautions prepaa-
tLon :e)18- I gaatio
source of materals ants n etse o 5-7.
. 1barracks se

niniatus -ca7rbon di A
fa.al.21-) ~ 2+1 ,15.


men. ....... .. a-ron torde
......21- 1 2212










Circular 23 Reference Inde 25


umigation (Cont"d) tight chambers or
characteristics of vaults....... 22-43.
common fumigants method and time
...... ...9.... 22-9. ... .*.......... 22-21.
hoice of figant methyl bromide 22-17.
..............2222-22. naphthalene....22-18.
chloropicrin paradichlorobenzene
.......21-18; 22-12. ...............22-19.
clothing to control plans of vault for
lice.........9-14. .......(illus.)22-45.
ticks.......12-13. precautions....22-22.
cookroaohes.... 11-8. preparatio of' build-
concerns handling ing.. ........22-20.
products.....22-50. references....22-54.
cured meats and rooms with sulfur
cheeses 5-9; 22-47. .......22-39
dangers involved stored foods.....4-6.
............22-3,23. sulfur dioxide
dosage........22-21. ...........22-19,39.
dry staple foods temperature....22-21.
..............22-4. under tarpaulins
equipment.....20-42. ....22-48,(illus.)49.
ethylene dichloride vault methods..22-44.
.......21-29; 22-13. warehouses
ethylene dichloride- ....4-6; 22-20,23,37.
carbon tetrachloride washing soda used in
mixture .......21-81;22-29.
.,,...21-29; 22-42. woolens........22-40.
ethylene oxide
.. 21-30; 22-14. undulu (or killifishes)
ethylene oxide-car- miosquito control
bn dioxide mixture ... *.... 7-17.
......21-30; 22-42.
experienced fumiga- Furniture carpet beetle
tors essential (Anthrenua vorax)
.............22-3. aul....(I1Iu.)3-5.
fabrics....9...3-11. description......3-3.
first aid for vie- larva....(illus.)3-6.
tims..........22-8.
furs ........ 22-40. Galleries
gas masks and ao- termites.........2-5.
oeasories .... .22-4.
gain in bins 22-50. Gambusia (6r top minnows)
hdroyan io acid mosuito control
1 .......... 222-15. ........ -7









26 Circular 23 Reference Index


Gardinol W. A. Gastrophilus haemor-
emulsifier in mos- rhoidala L.(s
quito larvicides Nose fly)
.............21-35.
manufacturers and Gastrohilus nasalis (L.)
distributors 21-36. (see That bt fly
proprietary product
.,0.......*..21-36. Generators (hydrocyanic
acid fmigation)22- .8.
Gas masks emptying.......22-30.
cannisters.....22-5. order of placing
essential uses 22-4. chemicals. ..22-28
carbon disulphide placement......22-29.
............22-50.
rbon ttrachlo German roach (Blattella
ride.......22-12. germanica L.)
chloropicrin description.....11-4.
..22-213,37. development.....11-4.
etbylene diohio- illustration of
ride.......22-14. stages.........11-6.
ethylene dichlo-
ride-carbon tetra- Gloves (protective or
chloride mixture Neoprene-treated)
...........22-50. essential in handling
hydrocyanic acid creosote
gas........22-24, .......6-10; 20-50.
30, 33, 35, 36. formalin.....21-34.
illustration..22-32. orthodichloroben-
manufaoturers and zene.............
distribuors 22-52. 6-10;20-50;21-57.
types.......... 22-4. pentachlorophenol
6-10; 20-50; 21-61.
Gasoline soil poisons for
characteristios; in- termites.....2-36.
seoticidal use; manufacturers and
availability; cau- distributors........
tion..........21-36. 2-40; 6-15; 20-50.
use to control
ticks .......12-21. Glycerine
in phosphorus paste
Gastrophilus i..............21-63.
nali r Do Geer (see
mon horse bot fly)









Circular 23 Reference Index 27


Goggles (protective) Haematopinus asini (L)
essential uses (see Sucking horse
........6-10; 21-57. louse)
manufacturers and
distributors 20-49. Ham beetle (Necrobia
types; uses...20-48. rufipes De Geer
Sadults and larvae
Grading ........ (illus.)5-4.
building sites for description and de-
termite prevention velopment...... 5-4.
........2-11; 2A-4.
lumber stock to pre- Ham (or cheese) mites
vent powder-post (Tyroglyphidae)
beetles........6-6. description......5-7.
trouble caused by
Grain mite (see Straw ......... ..... 5-7.
mite)
Ham (or cheese skipper)
Granary (or r7ee (Piophila casei L.)
weevil) adult; larvae;
food insect.....4-1* puparia (illus.)5-3.
illustration in rice damage.........5-2,4.
................4-2. description; develop-
ment; habits; hosts
Grasshoppers ................5-2.
sodium arsenite pest of cured meats
poison bait..21-69. and cheese......5-2.
screened storage as
Grease control....... .5-8.
use in poisoned ant
baits.........15-9. Hand equipen
application of mos-
Greenbottle fly (Lu- quito larvicdes
cillia sericata Meig.) ....7-11, illus.)18.
maggots i disease
Itreatment.....8-16. Hand pump atoizers
Sdescription.... 20-6*
Gy"sy moth illustration....20-7.
larvae venomous oat- manufacturers and
erpillars....15-15. distributors...20-7.

Habronema muscae (see
Roundworms)








2Cir$e 23a Reference Inaex


Harvester ants fPgo- Horn flies
n om x Sn) control........19-11
sting....... 15-3.eale (illus.)19-10.
habits ........ 19-10.
Harvest mites (see life history...19-11.
Chiggers) Sihna irritans L.
..fT ........19-10.
Head louse (Peiculus
humanus us. Horse bots
... .....*...2 .common (Gastrophilus
biology... 9-3 ntestnalis De
diss nain. 9-7. er .. .. 16-2.
female and egg control.........16-9.
........(illus.)9-4. destruction of eggs
treatment for control ......... .16-10.
hair.........-9-8. distribution in U, S.
hats.........9-10. .... ......... .16-6.
effects on horses and
Heat treatments mules..16-1;19-9,10.
control Lyctus egg-laying habits
(powder ..............16-3.
beetles....... 6-12 eggs..16-3,(illus.)4.
kinds and distinguish-
Hide beetle (Dermestes ing characters 16-2.
vulpinus abr.)" larvae..........l6-4,
ortant larder .........(illus.)56.
beetle.........5-5. life history;
seasonal activity
Hedge traps ............*16-7.
stable fly control manner of injury
...17-10,(illus.)11. ..........16-6; 19-9.
nose fly (astrophilus
Honey haemorrhoidalis L.)
use in poisoned ant ... ....... 6-2
baits..,......15-9, protective devices
.......... ......16-9.
Honeybees pupal stage.....16-9.
habits........15-13. references.....16-13.
removal of sting throat bot fly (Gas-
..............15-13. trophilus nasalts L.)
..............16-2.
Hornets treatment of horses
control.. ....15-14. and mules.....16-10.
habits........~13









Circular 23 Reference Index 29


Horse flies formalin.,...21-33.
breeding sources; poisons; flypapers;
control......8-25. swatters.....8-14.
disease transmitters pyrethrum sprays
...............8-24. .......8-14; 21-66.
Tabanus atratus F. screening.....8-ll.
.......(illus.)8-25. traps.........8-11.
prevention of breed-
Hose (spray) ing............8-5.
eare..........20-25. garbage (care and
couplings; clamps disposal).....8-8.
..............20-32. manure (chemical
types; requirements treatment)....8-8.
..............20-24. ,manure (disposal)
*.....* * 8-5.
Hot water sewage (disposal)
use to control .............8-10.
lice in clothing protection
.............9-12. commissaries; kit-
meat and cheese chens; mess halls;
mites........ 5-8. quarters.....8-11.
Sarcoptes scabiei pupae or "sleepers"
............15-22. .........(illus.)8-5.
references
House centipede (Soutig- ...,.....8-32; 19-24.
era forceps Raf.) resemblance of stable
~abits........ 15-29. flies....8-31; 17-3.
transmit roundworms
Houseflies to horses.....19-12.
control........ 8-5.
eggs.... (illus.)8-4. House spiders
female..(illus.)8-3. control........15-25.
latrines as breeding kinds..........15-24.
places........8-10.
life history; habits Human bot fly (Derma-
............ .. 8-3. tobia hominus)...8-19.
maggots or larvae adut... (illus)8-20.
....... (illus.)8-4. common hosts; effects
materials used in ................8-20.
control eggs attached to an-
borax............. other fly (illus.)
8-7, 8, 10; 21-10. ...............8-21.
fans and electro- larva...(illus.)8-22.
cutors......8-ll. known as "berne" or
fly sprays..21-31. "torcel".......8-20.








30 Circular 23 Reference Index


Human bot fly (Derma- sodium cyanide and
tobia hominus)(Cont'd) sulphuric acid
"larvicides ..21-38,75; 22-26.
benzene 8-20;21-9. ventilation of ware-
chloroform..8-20. house after fumiga-
prevention.....8-20. tion with.....22-36.
treatment......8-20. ways of producing
........21-37; 22-15.
Human flea (Pulex ir-
ritans (L.)) Hydrocyanic acid discoids
female (illus.)13-3. manufacturers and
in tropical America distributors
...............13-4. .......21-40; 22-52.
in U. S........13-3. precaution
........21-38; 22-33.
Human lice price...........21-39.
biology.........9-3. use in fumigation
control.........9-8. ........21-38; 22-31.
dissemination...9-7.
kinds..........9-2. Hydrogen peroxide
alleviation of insect
Hydrocyanic acid gas bites...13-9; 21-40.
characteristics and characteristics;
uses as fumigant availability; cost
......21-37; 22-15. ..............21-40.
control of lice in precaution in storing
clothing......9-14. ............... 21-40.
control of lice in
quarters......9-15. Immersion treatment
effect on man 22-16. (wood products)
fumigation control powder-post
barracks and beetles .......6-11.
houses.....22-38.
cost........ 22-16. Impregnation (of wood)
cured meats...5-9. termite prevention
warehouses..22-23. ................2-13.
precautions in use
....21-38,39; 22-15. Indian meal moth
sources as food insect...4-1.
calcium cyanide in corn meal (illus.)
.....21-38; 22-34. ................4-2.
hydrocyanic acid
discoids Insect powders
...21-38; 22-31. preparation of those
liquid hydrocyanic containing pyrethrum
acid .......22-23. ..............21-65.









Circular 23 Refoereno Index 31


Insecticides IN-930
classes........21-3. use............15-21.
methods of applica-
tion..........21-4. Io moth
prices; manufacturers venomous cater-
and distributors pillars.......15-15.
..............21-7.
Iodine
Insecticidal dusts characteristics; gen-
types; preparation eral uses; cost; a-
...*...........21-5. vailability; caution
in storage....21-41.
Inspection disinfectant for tick
beds for bedbugs wounds 12-14; 21-41.
...............10-4.
body for ticks lodoform
..............12-13. availability; cost
buildings or founda- ...............21-42.
tions for termites characteristics
...........2-13,18, ...............21-41.
19,24,30,31; 2A-6. use to control body
clothing for ticks lice....9-11; 21-41.
..........12-12,13.
food supplies to pre- Iridomyrmex humilis
vent insect infesta- (see Argentine ant)
tions..........4-3.
for powder-post Isolation (for termite
beetles......6-6,7. prevention)
incoming supplies to porches; terraces
exclude cockroaches ..........2-13; 2A-4.
..............11-5.
mosquito nets..7-22. Itch mite (see Sarooptes
premises or areas soabiei (Deg.))
for mosquito con-
trol.....7-9,10,11. Ixodes holoeylus (Neum.)
wood adjacent to cause of Australian
camps for sandfly human tick paralysis
control.......8-30. ...............12-3.

Insulation (for termite Ixodes ricinus (L.)
prevention) cause of Australian
buildings from human tick paralysis
round.......2A-3. ...............12-3.








32 Ci "a ference Index


Ixodes ri- Killing tube
fo rnic L QTee adult mosquito
Cala fo a specimens.......7-4.
legge:d tick
Knapsack (or bellows)
Ixodes rcnus ca- duster
pularis description....20-35.
Black l- manu-1ifacturers and
distributors..20-36.
Ixodidae
armored -3. napsack sprayer
description; uses
Jiggers ers)..............20-13
manufacturers and
Kerosene distributors..20-14.
aids pee of
linseed Kraft paper (copper
wood. ....6-9. coated)
ant replle 15-7. protect shrubbery
cha ract eri from chemicals 2-35.
price; avail bility
.....2. .43 Lampblack
killing ae for use in Formula No. 62
ticks and ote in- ........18-10; 21-43.
sects ...... 21-A3. characteristics
use to co l..............
ants..... -8. cost ...........21-44.
bedbugs..... 21-42. manufactuers and
chiggers 2'1-2,43. distributors
hornflies ... 9-1. .......18-13; 21-44.
lice..9; -43.
millipedes. o5-31. Lard
mos quitos.. 21-42. control Sarooptic
powder-post mange on dogs 19-17.
beetles..........
6-11,12; 1-42,79. Larder beetles
tropical r dae mage,.. ..........5-7.
.......... Dermestes lardarius L
use in fl alts and larvae
S, ... ......(illus.)5-6.
larder beetle..5-5.
Killifishs 1 n Dermestesinus
dulus) rFabr. (hide beete)
control o suitoes description; habits;
S,.... development.....5-5.









Oircular 23 Reference Inde 33


Larkspur pubic,....9-7,16.
characteristics; larkspur as ointment
cost; manufacturers .......21-4
and distributors materials for control
...........21-44. cube powder..21-24.
use to control head derris powder wash
lice...9-10; 21-44. ............21-25.
kerosene.....21-43.
Larvicides vinegar............
Gardinol W.A. as 9-9,10,16; 21-80.
emulsifying agent references......9-17.
........ .21-35. symptoms on dogs
mosquito control ...............19-21.
............7-11,17.
petroleum (crude oil) Lime
.......... ....21-62. caution .......21-45.
characteristics;
Lead arsenate price; availability
control venomous ..............21-45.
caterpillars 15-16. use
control millipedes
Legionary ants (Eciton .............15-31.
spp.) diluent
habits.........15-3. .......7-20; 21-45.

Lesser irain borer Lime sulfur
damage to wheat cost; manufacturers
........(illus.)4*-2. and distributors
..............21-46.
Lice use
biology.........9-3. control mange mites
control.........9-8. on horses..19-8,9.
on dogs.....19-21. general......21-46.
on horses....19-4. repel powder-post
dissemination...9-7. beetles
effects on man..9-2. .......6-9; 21-46.
ideptification..9-3.
injury to horses Lime water
............19-4. treating skin irrita-
kinds......... .9-2. tions ........15-18.
attacking live-
stock.......19-2. Linognathus piliferus
body.......9-5,10. Burm.
head........9-3,8. sucking louse of
on dogs.....19-21. dogs..........19-21.







3 Circular 23 Reference Index


Linseed oil Lucilia sericata Meig.
availability; price (greenbottle y)
..............21-47. maggots used in dis-
general uses..21-47. ease treatment 8-16.
powder-post beetle
repellent Lytus beetles (also
........6-9; 21-46. see Powder-post
beetles and L.
Liquid hydrocyanic acid planicollis Eec.)
characteristics chemicals for control
......, ... 21-37. manufacturers and
manufacturers and distributors 6-14.
distributors protection period
......21-40; 22-52. ...*..........6-9.
precautions trade names... 6-14.
..*..... ...21-37,39 control measures
price ........21-39. ................'-10.
use in warehouse chemical treatments
fumigation...22-23. .............6-10.
heat treatments
Liquid soap ..............6-12.
use as mosquito sanitation....6-10.
larvicide.....7-19. description; habits
.. .... ........ .6-4.
Liquid vaseline importance.......6-2.
use in mosquito re- infestation symptoms
pellent spray .................6-4.
.......7-22; 21-61. preventive measures
inspections....6-6.
Little black ant (Kon- selection and
omorium minimum) grading.......6-5.
hasts........15,1-5. repellents
borax...6-8; 21-10.
Lone star tick (Amb chemical treatments
oa americanum ..............6-8.
rit l5tion... 12-5 susceptible products
hosts of seed ticks ..*..............6-3.
... ..........12-9.
Lytus planicollis Lee.
Lubcating oil aso see yousand
availability..21-48. Powder-post beetles)
characteristics eggs.....(illus.)6-4.
.21-7 emrgence holes and
caution.*....21-47. frass...(illus.)6-3.
eye gat repellent
..............21- 7.









Circular 23- Reference Index 35


Lyctus planicollis Lee. barrel pumps...20-18.
(Contd) bellows (or knapsack)
gun stock damage dusters......20-36.
........(illus.)6-3. blower type duster
larvae..(illus.)6-4. ...............20-37.
sapwood damage borax....6-14; 21-11.
......(illus.)6-6,7. bucket pumps...20-16.
winged adult calcium cyanide
......(illus.)6-2. ........21-40; 22-51.
carbon disulphide
Malaria mosquitoes ........21-15; 22-51.
(also see Anopheles) carbon tetrachloride
borrow pits as ........21-16; 22-51.
breeding places cedar (or cedarwood)
....:.....7-11,12. oil...........21-17.
celcure (pressure-
Management treated wood)..2-40.
water for mosquito chemicals to control
control.......7-13. Lyctus beetles 6-14.
chloropicrin
Mange mites ........21-19; 22-51.
control........19-8. coal-tar creosote
kinds and injurious ..........2-39; 6-14.
effects on dogs coal-tar plastic
...0.........19-15. cement........21-20.
kinds; habits; pres- cocoanut oil soap
ence on animals ...............21-21.
...0..........19-6. compressed air
sprayers......20-12.
Mansonia mosquitoes creosote oil...21-23.
breeding place cresols........21-24.
....s,.(illus.)7-10. cube powder....21-25.
control....... 7-14. derris powder..21-26.
habits..........7-9. devices for insect
known as "pest" mos- control.......20-51.
quitoes........7-9. diatomaceous earth
...............21-27.
Manufacturers and diphenylamine
distributors ........18-12; 21-27.
air-bulb atomizers Duponol W.A....21-28.
...............20-6. dust mixers ...20-39.
aprons (protective) electric atomizers
....... ...... 20-50. 0 0........06.. .. 20-9.
Aresket.......21-8. ethylene dichloride
asbestos.......21-9. 0...*******....21-30.









36 Circular 23 Reference Index


Manufacturers and dis- neoprene-treated
tributors (Cont'd) gloves..............
ethylene dichloride- 2-40; 6-15; 20-50.
carbon tetrachlor- nicotine sulfate
ide mixture ...............21-55.
...... 21-30; 22-51. orthodichlorobenzene
ethylene oxide ...2-39; 6-14; 21-57.
..............21-31. Orus W.A.......21-58.
ethylene oxide-carbon pentachlorophenol
dioxide mixture .........6-14; 21-61.
......21-31; 22-52. phosphorus paste
fan type dusters ............21-64.
..............20-37. pine oil.......21-64.
fly traps.....20-43. pine tar oil...21-65.
fumigation chemicals plunger type hand
and equipment dusters....... 20-34.
.............22-50. power dusters..20-38.
Gardinol W. A.21-36. power sprayers 20-22.
gas masks.....22-52. pressure-treated
goggles (protective) wood..... ...2-40,41.
*.............20-49. products to prevent
hand pump atomizers and control termites
.. ...... .... 20-7. ...............2-39.
'hydrocyanic acid, pyrethrum......21-67.
discoids and liquid respirators....20-48.
......21-40; 22-52. sassafras oil..21-68.
insect electrocutors sodium arsenite
....... .......20-47. ...............21-70.
insecticides and sub- sodium benzoate
sidiary materials ...........,.21-70.
.............21-7. sodium cyanide
knapsack sprayers ........21-40; 22-52.
..............20-14. soil poisons for ter-
lablmpblack mite control...2-39.
.......18-13; 21-44. spearmint oil'..21-72.
larkspur......21-44. spraying accessories
lime sulfur (dry) ......,....... 20-32.
....21-46. Sta-way ........21-73.
list of.......21-82. sulfocide 6-15;21-75,
mthyl bromide sulfonated castor oil
*......21-51; 22-53. ...............21-73.
microfine sulfur sulfuric acid..22-53.
........6-15; 21-75. tarpaulins (rubber-
moth proofing ized) .........22-53.
materials....21-53. tartar emetic..21-77.










Oircular 23 Reference Index 37


Manufacturers and dis- Mercuric chloride
tributors (Cont'd) characteristics;
thallium sulfate price; availability;
... ...........21-79. .caution.......21-49.
turkey red oil known as corrosive
..............21-73. sublimate.....21-49.
vaporizers....20-11, use as antiseptic or
wire cloth....20-46. disinfectant..21-49.
use to control
Maps ants.........21-49.
mosquito control pubic lice....9-16.
... .......7-10,11.
Metal cans
Margaropus annulatus ant bait containers
(see Cattle-fever ......15-9(illus.)10.
tick)
Methyl bromide
Mediterranean flour caution........21-51.
moth characteristics and
food insect.....4-l. uses as fumigant
in flour(illus.)4-2. ......21-50; 22-17.
harmful to certain
Megalopygae crispata foods..21-50; 22-37.
(Pack)-see Flannel manufacturers and
Moths) distributors
.......21-51; 22-53.
Megalopyge opercularis price..........21-51.
(A. & S.)(see Puss toxic effect on man
caterpillar) ...............22-18.
warehouse fumigation
Menthol ......21-50; 22-37.
characteristics; gen-
eral uses; price; Methyl formate-carbon
availability 21-48. dioxide mixture
use to alleviate bites use as fumigant..5-9.
..............21-48.
Microfine sulfur
Mentholated ointments manufacturers and
use to alleviate distributors
bites.........13-9. ........6-15; 21-75.
powder-post beetle
Mecurial ointment repellent.......6-9.
use to control pubic proprietary sulfur
lice...9-16; 21-49. 'roduct.......21-74.









3J Circular 23 Reference Index


Millipedes characteristics;
appearance; habits cost; availability
........... .15-30. ..............21-52.
are not injurious
..............15-31. Monomorium pharaonis
control....... 15-31. (see Pharaoh ant)
reference.....15-31.
Mosquitoes
Mineral oil alleviation of bites
characteristics; ...............21-12.
price; availability collection and deter-
.............21-51. r:ination........ 7-3.
use in bedbug sprays control.......7-3,11.
...... .......21-51. bed nets......7-21.
clearing aquatic
Mites vegetation...7-21.
as food pests...4-1. local agencies
chicken....19-12,13. .............7-23.
choriootic..... 19-8. organization..7-11.
clover........15-20. procedure.....7-10.
cold storage not larvicides....7-17.
effective......5-8. borax 7-18;21-10.
control measures emulsifier (cocoa-
fumigation....5-9. nut oil soap)
heat and steam ..........21-20.
.............. 5-8. lime-Paris green
demodectic 19-15,19. dust...........
ear........19-15,17. 7-19; 21-45,59.
feather....19-13,14. materials used
itch or scab..15-21. ............7-17,
mange.......19-6,15. 18;21-8,28,34,35.
psorootic......19-7. oil........ 7-18.
sarcoptic pyrethrum oil
.........19-6,15,16. emulsion...7-19.
straw or grain repellents....7-22.
..............15-20 cedar oil..21-17.
tropical rat..15-18. oil of citronella
.....7-22; 21-55,
Moist heat petrolatum-pyre-
use to control pow- thrum extract
der-post beetles ..........21-61.
.............. 6-12. spirits of camphor
.....7-22; 21-12.
Molasses (Black strap) Sta-'ay
bait for house and ....7-23; 21-73.
blow flies
*......3-12; 21-52.

* a -







Cirmclar 23 Reference Index 39


Mosquitoes (Cont'd) Myrmecia spp.
control (Cont'd) bulldog ants of
sprays Australia.....15-3.
pyrethrum-oil
7-22; 21-66,67. Naphthalene
traps (illus.) availability; price
. .* *..* .7-4,5. .. ..... ....21-54.
water management characteristics;
.............7-13. uses...21-53; 22-18.
habits; breeding fumigation of woolens
places........,7-2. and furs......22-40.
importance to man injurious effect on
..............72 food products
life history (dia- ... ...21-54; 22-18.
gram )...... ...7-2. not dangerous..21-54.
malarial species use to control
................7-5. body lice.....9-11.
pest species....7-9. fabric pests
protection from .....'3-8,11; 21-53.
adults........7-21 fleas in living quar-
protective screens ters..13-6; 21-53.
..............7-21. millipedes...15-31.
references.....7-23. tropical rat mite
surveys........7-10. .............15-19.
yellow fever species
..... ...........7-7. Naturally resistant wood
kinds...........2-24.
Moth proofing use to prevent ter-
commercial products mites....2-13,22,24.
S.............21-53.
Tabric pests....3-8. Necrobia rufipes DeGeer
manufacturers and (see Ham beete)
distributors 21-53.
Neoprene-treated gloves
Motorcycle spraying (see Gloves)
equipment
description; uses Nests (bees and wasps)
..............20-23. control........ 15-14.

Mouse (rat) flea (see Nicotine (dip)
Ctenopsyllus segnis caution.........19-5.
(Schon.)) use to control
horse lice....19-5.
Mutillidae (see mange mites on
Velvet ants) horses.......19-8.







0 Circular 23 Reference Index


Nicotine suitfate Nun moth
caution 12-18;21-55. venomous cater-
oharacteristicas; pillars.......15-15.
trade rnme; general
uses.........21-54. Nygi a phaeorrhoea
cost; manufacturers nov.)(see Brown
and distributors tail moth)
... .... .....21-55.
use to control Oil
clover mite 15-21. ant repellent,..15-7*
feather mte mosquito larvicides
............19-14. ........ .....9..7-18.
ticks
.....12-18; 21-54,. il of citronella
characteristics;
No-see-uma (see Sand source; storage;
flies) cost; availability
..............21-55.
Nose fly (Gastrophilus mosquito repellent
haemorrhoidalis L.) .........7-22; 21-55.
adult
,.....6-2,(illus.)3. Olive oil
ontrol..........16-9 general uses; Oost;
distribution in U.S. availability..21-56.
...............16-6us to control
egg......... ..16-4. ear mange on dogs
egg-laying habits .............19-19.
S ...............16-3. head lice
injury.........16-6. ........9-9; 21-56.
larva
...16-4,(illus.)5,6. Onohooeroa worm
life history...16-7. effect on man...8-24.
protective devices transmitters of 8-24.
...............16-9.
Organization
Nosopsyllus fasoiatus mosquito control
(Bosc.)se European ...............7-11.
rat flea)
Oriental rat flea
Nozzles(spray)..20-26. (lenopsylla oheopsis
(Roths.))
Nozzle Y (apray) in tropical Amerioa.
description; uses ............... .13-4.
..............20-31. in the U.S......13-.2.








Circular 23 Reference Index 41


Oriental roach (Blatta .........2-36; 21-56.
orientalis L.)
illustrations..11-6. Orvus W. A.
known as "black cost; manufacturers
beetle".......11-3. and distributors
..............21-58.
Ornithodoros (see Soft- emulsifier.....21-57.
bodied ticks)
Pacific Coast tick
Ornithodoros megnini (Demacentor occiden-
0Duges (see Spinose talis Marx.)
Sear tick) distribution....12-5.

Ornithodoros moubata Paradichlorobenzene
(Murray) characteristics;
transmits African uses...21-58; 22-19.
relapsing fever cost; availability
..... ..........12-3. .......... ....21-59.
injurious effect on
Ornithodoros turicata food products
Duges .......21-59; 22-19.
female (illus.) not recommended
..............12-15. against termites
location; habits ..............21-58.
............ .12-5. storage........21-58.
prevention....12-16. uses
transmits relapsing control fabric
fever.........12-5. pests........3-11.
control millipedes
Orthodichlorobenzene .............15-31.
characteristics fuuigate woolens
..............21-56. and furs....22-40.
injurious effect on repel fabric pests
humans.... ...6-10. ........3-8; 21-58.
manufacturers and soil fumigant
distributors....... .............21-58.
2-39; 6-14; 21-57.
price; caution Paper wasps (Polistes
..............21-57. and Vespa)
trade names....6-14. habits.........15-13.
use to control
powder-post beetles Paraffined canvas
......6-11; 21-56. use to protect
termites shrubbery......2-35.


LBRARY
STATE pLANT BOAR







42 Circular 23 Reference Index


Parajulus venustus Wood manufacturers and dis-
an annoying illipede tributors
..............15-31. ........6-14; 21-61.
use to control
Parajulus impressus Say Lyctus beetles
an annoyTin mill- ..............6-11.
pede.........15-31. slime and algae
*........*...21-60.
Paraponera clavata use to repel
effect of sting Lctus beetles
...............15-3. .6-9; 21-60.

Parasites (dogs and Periplaneta americana L.
horses) (Aerican roach) 113.
references....19-24.
Petrolatum
Paris green availability....21-62.
caution 7-20; 21-59. characteristics;
characteristics forms; cost
..............21-59. ...........21-61,62,
price; availability trade name.....21-61.
..............21-60. uses
use to control control pubic lite
malarial mosquitoes **...........99-16.
......7-19; 21-59. mosquito repellent
millipedes..15-31. spray 7-22; 21-61.
prevent creosote
Pea weevils burns.......21-23.
food insects....4-1. relieve flea and
chigger bites
Pear burner ............21-61.
use to control ticks
.............12-21. Petroleum (crude oil)
characteristics;
Pediculoides ventricocus caution....... 21-62.
(Newp.)(see Straw mite) cost; availability
..............21-63.
Pentachlorophenol uses
characteristics; control chicken
caution......21-60. mites.......19-13.
cost .........21-61. larvicide r or flies
effect on humans.21-62
...............6-10.









Circular 23 Reference Index 43


Pharaoh ant (Monomorium uses
pharaonis) control powder-post
habits.........15-5. beetles
transportation 15-6. ......6-11; 21-64.
worker (illus.)15-5. industrial.. .21-64.
solvent 6-9; 21-64.
Phenol
use to control ear Pine tar oil
mange of dogs characteristics; cost;
*......... ..*1919. manufacturers and
distributors..21-65.
Phormia regina Meig. uses
(Black blowfly) control ticks in
maggots used in dis- animals' ears
ease treatment .....12-23; 21-64,
...... ......8-16. fly sprays...21-65.
medicinal and in-
Phosphorus paste dustrial.... 21-65.
characteristics; screwworm repellent
caution......21-63. .......18-7; 21-64.
manufacturers and
distributors 21-64. Piophila casei L. (see
use in roach control im skEpper
..............21-63.
Plunger type hand duster
Phthirus ubis (L.) description; uses; man-
(see Pubic ouse) ufacturers and dis-
tributors.....20-34.
Pigeon fly (Pseudo-
lynhia canarensis Pogonomymex spp. (see
aaocq. ) Harvester ants)
control..... .19-23.
illustration..19-22. Poisoned baits for ants
life history; habits containers
..............19-22. ....15-9,(illus.)10.
pigeon pest..19-22, distribution 15-9,10.
ppae(illus.) 19-23. formulas......15-8,9.

Pill boxes Polistes (see Paper
ant bait containers wasps)
...............15-9.
Polybiinae (see Tropi-
Pine oil cal social wasps)
characteristics;
price; manufacturers Potassium carbonate
and distributors use against sarcoptic
.............21-64. mange on dogs 19-17.








SCircular 23 Reference Index



Powder-post beetles Power dusters
(also see Lytus description; uses;
beetles and L. lan- manufacturers and
icollis Lec.T distributors..20-38.
control
chemical treat- Power sprayers
ments.......6-10. description; uses
cottonseed oil .............. 20-18.
............21-22. illustration...20-19.
heat treatments manufacturers and
.............6-12. distributors..20-22.
kerosene dip operation; care
............21-42. ...............20-21.
manufacturers and power units 20-19,20.
distributors of principal parts
chemicals...6-14. ..............20-19
measures.....6-10. pumps..........20-20.
orthodichloroben- tanks and agitators
zene6-11; 21-56. ......20-22
pine oil....21-64. U.S.D.A. specifica-
sanitation...6-10. tions.........20-22.
trade names of
chemicals...6-14. Precautions
turpentine-kerosene absorption of fumi-
mixture gants.........22-4.
.....6-11; 21-79. applying fly sprays
important species ................14-8.
................6-2. breathing vapors or
prevention dust
inspections...6-6. cube powder..21-25.
sulfur dip derris.......21-26.
*......6-8; 21-74. ethylene oxide
repellents .............21-30.
chemical treat- lime.........21-45.
ments,.......6-8. sodium fluoride
lime-sulfur 21-46. .......11-8; 21-72.
linseed oil chemical control of
*......6-9; 21-46. termites....2-35.
references.....6-15. danger of all fumi-
symptoms.......6-4. gants........22-3.
unimportant species
.. .... .. .... ..6-2
;: : ~~: :









Circular 23 Referene Ine45


Precautions (Cont'd chloropirin
exposure to carbon ... 9-14; 22-13,39.
tetrachloride creosote oil 21-23.
.......2-16; 22-2. cyanide (al forms)
fumigation....22- 22 ...21-39
bedbugs......10-5. ethylene dichloride
calcium cyanide ...J.21-29; 22-14.
........... .22-35. formalin.....21-34.
cockroaches..11-8. fumants.....22-3.
fabric insects hydrocyanic acid

hydrocyanic aci 2-3822-31,33,34.
gas.......3-11;9 insecticides
-14,110 11-8; ........11-3; 20-3
13-7;22-15,38,39. mercuric chloride
methyl bromide ......, .....21-49.
............13-7, methyl bromide..13-
8;21-51;22-18,39. 7,8;21-51;22-18,39.
naphthalene nictine sulfate
.....21-54; 22-1 ...,... .... .21-55.
paradichlorobenzene or hodic hloroben-
.....21-59; 22-19. zene. .....21-57.
under tarpaulins aris green..21-59.
............22-48* pentachlorophenol
use gas masks.........21-0
**.........22-3,4 phosphorus paste
use trained ex- .....1-0; 21-63
perienced per- sodium arsenite
sonnel 4-6; 22-3. ..... .o.....21-69.
generating hydro- sulfuric acid
cyanic acid gas ............21-75
........22-28,30. sulfur dust
handling .......14-7; 21-74.
benzene tartar emetic
...18-10,11; 21-9. .............21-77.
carbolic acid thallium sulfate
*.,...... .21-13. .............21-79.
carbon disulfide inflammable materials
9-14;21-15;22-11. fuel oil.....21-35.
oaustic soda gasoline.....21-36.
S. ..*..... ... 21-16. lubricating oil
ohemials for .............21-47
powder-post petroleum....21-62.
beetle control turpentine...21-80.
............6-10. internal use of carbon
chloroform. .21-18. disulfide.....16-12.







46 Circular 23 eference Index


Precautions (Cont C) Procurement
preparation of insecticides and sub-
Formula 62 smear sidiary materials
.............18-11. ..............21-82.
storage
diphenylamine Pseudolychia canarien-
sis acq (see Pigeon
.........,.21-27. siMa sTe
foraliin....21-34.
fumiga.nts....22-3.
hydrogen peroxide Psrophora (mosquitoes)
...........4.21-40. hs......... .. 7-9.
insecticides "pest mosquitoes"
.......11-3; 20-3. .... .. ...... .... 7-9.
iodine......21-41.
paradichoroben- Psorotes communiequi
zene.......21-58, a )( soroptic
silver nitrate mites)
...........21-68cause of psoroptic mange
sodium fluoride on horses......19-7.
......11-8; 21-72. control of mange
use caused by,......19-8.
derris ointment description; habits
near eyes...9-16. ................19-7.
mercurial ointment
............9-16 Psoroptic mites (see
Paris green..-20. Psorootes communis equ
pyrethru on live- (Ger ach))
stock......21-66.
soil poisons 2-35. Pubic louse (Phthirus
ventilating nmigated ubis (L.))
buildings 22-36,38. biology.........9-7.
control
Preservetives body; clothing
ethyl alcohol..21-7. *........... 9-16.
quarter ......9-17.
Pressure guage mercuric chloride
power sprayer 20-32. ointment
......9-16; 21-49.
Pressure-treated wood "crab louse".....9-2.
length of service disseination....9-7.
..........*...2-22. egg and male
manufacturers and ,......*(illus.) 9-4.
distributors..2-40.
prservatives..2-23. Pulex irritans (L.)(see
u,......2-13,21,22. n flea)









Circular 23 Reforenoe Index 47


Pumping use to control or
water for mosquito repel (Conttd)
control.......7-13. mosquitoes
....7-19,22; 21-67.
Punkies (see Sand flies) pigeon flies 19-24.
roaches......21-66.
Puss caterpillars stable flies..17-9.
(Megalopygae oper- tropical rat mite
cularis (A. & ) .............15-19.
cocoon; larva; moth use to prevent tick
.....(illus.) 15-17. bites..........12-12.
description; habits
..............15-16. Rabbit fever (tularemia)
venomous cater- transmitters.... 8-24.
pillars......15-15.
Rat (and mouse) flea
Pyrethrum (see Ctenopsyllus segnis
dust (sources and (Schon.))
uses).....21-65,66.
emulsion Red bugs (see Chiggers)
kerosene.....7-22.
oil...7-19; 21-67. References to literature
extracts......21-67. ants...........15-11.
kerosene.....7-22. bedbugs.........10-6.
oil.........21-66. bees and wasps 15-15.
nonpoisonous to man chiggers........14-9.
..............21-67. cockroaches....11-11.
price; manufacturers devices for insect
and distributors control.......20-56.
......... .21-67. fabric insects..3-12.
remedy for Sarcoptes fleas...........13-9.
scabiei......15-21 flies...........8-32.
use to control or food insects.....4-6.
repel fumigation.....22-54.
ants.........15-7. horse bots.....16-13.
bedbugs.....21-66. insecticides and sub-
brown dog tick sidiary materials
............12-21. ..............21-86.
eye gnats.....8-24. lice............9-17.
fleas.......21-66. meat and animal pro-
horn flies..19-11. duct insects...5-10.
house flies..8-14. mites...........15-22.
lice mosquitoes......7-23*
..19-5,22; 21-66. powder-post beetles
millipedes..15-31. ................6-15.








14S Circular 23 Reference Index



References to litera- Reticulitermes spp.
ture (Cont'd) (also see Termtes)
screwwos....18-13. subterranean or
stable flies..17-12. ground-nesting ter-
termites....... 2-42. mites......... .2-2.

Refrigeration R.ipicepha1us saguine
meat and animal (Latr.)(see Bro dog
products.....*.5-1. tick)

Removal Rice (or granary)
aquatic vegetation weevil
to control mosqui- food insect......4-1.
toes .......... 7-21. illutration.....4-2
lumber and wood to
control termites Rocky Mt. spotted fever
2-7,8,11,30; 2A-3. tick (Dermacentor an-
derson St iles
Repellents carrier of Rocky Mt.
atomizers as appli- spotted fever..12-2.
oators...... 20-6. cause of ascending
definition; examples paralysis..... 12-2.
...............21-6. c on in Rocky Mt.
ineffective against region...... 12-2,5.
horse and deer hosts of young stages
flies....... 8-25. ...... .. 12-9
stable or dog male..(illus.),12-4
flies...... 8-32. may transmit rabbit
use against fever..........12-2.
ants .... .....15-7.
buffalo gnats Rodent fleas
... .........8-27. control......... 13-7.
ohiggers.....14-7. species and potential
eye gnats....8-24. danger........13-2.
fleas........13-9.
LZytus beetles Rotenone
.6-8. use to control
mosquitoes demodectic mane of
......7-22; 21-55. dogs..........19-20.
sand flies...8-30.
Roundworms
Respirators Habronema musoae
desription; use;........ -12
manufaoturers and
distributors 20-48.










Oircrlar 23 Raferenee Index 49


Rubberized tarpaulins Sarooptes scabiei (Deg.)
(see Tarpaulins) causes sarooptic mange
of horses,.....19-6.
Sal soda (see Washing control on man
soda) .....,. .. ..... 15-21.
description; habits
Sand fleas .........15-21; 19-6.
infestations...13-5. "itch" or "scab" mite
of man. ......15-21.
Sand flies references,,.. .15-22.
adult and larva
.......(illus.)8-28. Sarcotes soabiei equi
biology....... 8-29. -Ger -
breeding places carries "cavalryman's
...............8-28. itch"..........19-7.
oontrol........ 8-29.
effect on man and Sarooptio mites (see
livestock.....8-25. Sarcoptes scabiei
eggs and pupa (eg.))S. soab.iei canis
.. .... ( illus. )8-29. Gerl. scabli eequi
other names....8-27. (Gerl.)
repellents control of mange
oil-pyrethrum ex- caused by......19-8.
tract 8-30;21-66.
sassafras oil Sassafras oll
...........21-68. characteristics; cost;
spearmint oil manufacturers and
......8-30; 21-72. distributors..21-68.
sand fly repellent
Sanitation ..............21-66.
aid to control
food insects..4-4. Saw-toothed grain
meat insects..5-7. beetle
powder-post bee- food inset......4-1.
tles........6-10.
roaches......11-7. Scab mite (also see
Sarooptes scabiei (Deg.))
Sarcoptes scabiei canis carbolic cid for
Gerl. control.......21-12.
causes sarcoptio mange
of dogs... ..19-16 Scolopendra heros Gir.
control.......19-17. bite...........15-29.
habits and life his-
tory.........19-16.








50 Circar 23 ferenc Indx



Scolopendra morsitas L. Screwwor~ fly (Cont'd)
bite....... 1. loss caused....18-1.
manner of attaok
Scorpions ...............18-2.
control......15-8. methods of avoiding
kinds ad habits attaok,.....18-6,7.
........... .15-27. pupa
references. 5-28. 18-4, illus.)18-6.
spread...... .18-5
Scouts
osquito onto Screwworm (also see
.. ... . . .-. Sorewworm fly)
airbulb atomizer for
Screened storage treatment.....20-6.
meats ... ..... -8. association with
blowflies.....18-3.
Screens (or sreeing) control........18-6.
use against distribution...18-2.
cockroaohes. 1-7. do not breed in
eye gnat.... -2. carcasses.....18-3.
house and ee lies effect on man and
............ 25. animals..19-11,12.
housef'lies.. -11. materials for treat-
mosquitoes .. 7-21. ing infestations
sandflieas ..830 chlorofo
scre worm fe 8-19; 18-9; 21-17.
..... 98- 6 '7. ether....... 21-28.
spiders ... 25. prevention in wounds
wire cloth ..2-6. pine tar oil
.... .......21-64.
Screwwo:r fly 7 orh- references....18-13.
l iomyia mra & P.) reatment
(also ses) aimals 8-19;18-9.
adult. 8-,. humans............
oontrol.. 18-6. 8-19; 16-9; 21-17.
description
......... 1-. Sutigera forces Raf.
distributon,,,..18-. see H O centipede)
eggs
..l8-3, ~(lus )18-5. Sealing (joints and
female s 15. spaces)
larva termite prevention
*..8-3, (Q us .1 ...... .. ... .2A-5.
life history ad
stages. .... .18-3










Circular 23 Reference Index 51


Selection (of stock) Soap
against powder-post use as emulsifier
beetles........6-5. ................21-5.
use to control
Shelter tubes of body lice.....9-10.
termites Sarcoptes scabiei
construction ... 15-21
S..........2-7,13,24. ticks........12-18.
destruction.... 2-31.
illustrations Soapstone (powdered)
..........2-5,6,31. diluent for Paris
green.......... 7-19.
Shields (metal)
termite prevention Sodium arsenite
or control characteristics; cost;
mechanical block- caution.......21-69.
ing with....2-33. manufacturers and
requirements for distributors..21-70.
installation uses
............2-28. general......21-69.
types........2-25. livestock dip
breadpan...2-25, .............21-69.
(illus.)2-10,12, poison ant bait
15. ............15-8,9.
strip.........2- soil poison for ter-
26,(illus.)2-16. mites 2-36; 21-69.
use 2-13,14,21,24;
2A-5;(illus.)2-10, Sodium benzoate
12,15,16,17,20,27, characteristics; cost;
29. manufacturers and
distributors; uses
Silverfish ..............21-70.
control.......21-66.
Sodium bicarbonate
Silver nitrate characteristics;
characteristics; availability; uses
caution......21-68. ..............21-71.
cost; availability
..............21-69. Sodium cyanide
disinfectant for tick characteristics; ef-
wounds 12-14;21-68. fects..21-38; 22-26.
cost; availability
Siphona irritans L. ...............21-39
(see Horn flies)









52 Circular 23 Reference Index


Sodium cyanide (Cont'd) Solenopsis spp. (see
manufacturers and Fire ants)
distributors
......21-40; 22-52. Spearhead
use to generate hy- use in mosquito con-
drocyanic acid gas trol..(illus.),7-15.
......21-38; 22-26.
Spearmint oil
Sodium fluoride characteristics; price;
characteristics; manufacturers and
general uses 21-71. distributors..21-72.
cost; availability; sandfly repellent
caution......21-72. .........8-30; 21-72.
use to control or
repel Spiders..........15-23.
ants.........15-7. black widow....15-23.
cockroaches house.... .....15-24.
......11-8; 21-71. references.....15-26.
horse lice...19-5. tarantulas.....15-25.

Soft bodied ticks Spinose ear tick (Orni-
(Ornitnodoros) thodoros megnini
avoidance of bites (Duges))
...........12-13,15. control in animals'
distribution..12-16. ears..........12-23.
habits; usual loca- distribution....12-5.
tions..........12-5. habits; development
transmit relapsing ...............12-23.
fever......12-2,15. injurious effect on
man and animals
Soil poisons ............12-3,23.
containing coal tar removal from ears of
creosote.....21-23. man..........12-23.
termite control
manufacturers and Spirits of camphor (see
distributors Camphor)
S..... .... 2-39.
use..........2-34. Spirobolus marginatus
Say
Soldiers annoying millipede
caste of termites ...............15-3




*









Circular 23 Reference Index 53


Spray emulsions for control of
definition; prepara- adult mosquitoes
tion..........21-5. ............. .7-22.
ants..........15-6.
Sprayers (or spraying bedbugs.......10-5.
equipment) black widow spiders
accessories...20-23. .............15-24.
care...........20-4. centipedes...15-30.
hose...........20-24. chicken mite 19-13.
nozzles.......20-26. clover mite..15-21.
r rquirements..20-5. cockroaches..11-10.
rod extensions eye gnats.....8-24.
..............20-29. feather mite 19-14.
selection......20-5. fleas.......13-6,7.
shut-off......20-29. horn flies...19-11.
types houseflies....8-14.
atomizer.....20-6. house spiders
barrel pump 20-16. ...... ......15-25.
bucket pump 20-14. millipedes...15-31.
compressed air scorpions....15-28.
............20-11. social bees and
knapsack....20-13 wasps.......15-14.
motorcycle..20-23. solitary wasps
power.......20-18. .............15-12.
use around army stableflies
camps.......20-5. ........8-32; 17-9.
vaporizer....20-9. tropical rat mite
.............15-19.
Spray hose......20-24. venomous cater-
pillars.....15-16.
Spraying mosquito larvicides
clothing against .............7-18,19.
ticks........12-12. application(illus.)
vegetation to con- ..............7-18.
trol ticks...12-18. repellent
adult mosquitoes
Spray nozzles...20-26. ..............7-22.
eye gnats.....8-24.
Spray rod extensions
................20-29. Spray shut-offs
illustrations..20-30.
Sprays types..........20-31.
definition.....21-4. uses............20-30.







Circular 23 Reference Index


Spreaders proprietary mosquito
use in insecticidal repellent
sprays........21-5. .. ..... .7-23; 21-73.
Stable flies (Stomox Steam
calcitrans Fa-br use to control
adult (illus.) 8-31, lice.......... 9-13.
17-4,6. meat and cheese
annoyance to man and mites.........-8.
animals 17-2; 19-9. Sarooptes saabiei
biting d egg-laying ... gg. .. -lain22.
habits.......1.7-5. use in heating cohm-
breeding places icals...........6-8.
.........8-31; 17-2.
control.... ...17-7. Stomach poisons
borax 17-8; 21-10. uses; action....21-3.
pyrethrum-oil
sprays Stomoxys calcitrans
....17-9; 21-66. Fabr.see st flies)
traps.......17-10.
description of Storage
stages.........17-3. use to control lice
disease transmitters ................9-15.
....8-24; 17-2,19-9.
distribution...17-2. Straw itch
flight.........17-6. cause..........15-20.
hibernation,....17-6.
larva or maggot..... Straw mite(Pediculoides
17-3,4, (illus.)17-4. ventricosus (Newp.
life cycle.....17-3. control.......15-20.
location of eggs dermatitis.....15-20.
...............17-3. other names....15-20.
other nmes. ...8-31. references.....15-22.
prevention of breed-
ing..... 8-31; 17-7. Sucking horse louse
pupa ................ (Haeatopinus asini (L.))
17-4,(illus.)17-5. control........ 94.
references description; life
.......17-12; 19-24. history........19-3.
treataent of infested illustration....19-4.
material......17-8. injury..........19-4.
Sta-Way Sucking lice
cost; manufacturers description; habits
and distributors .........*.......19-2.
.............21-73.










Oircular 23 Reference Index 55


Subterranean termites ointment
(also see Termites) Sarcoptes scabiei
conditions favorable remedy......15-21.
................2-6. powder-post beetle
Reticulitermes spp. repellent
................2-2. .........6-8; 21-74.
use to control
Sugar body lice.....9-11.
use in poisoned ant chiggers
baits.......15-8,9. .....14-7,9; 21-74.
feather mite 19-14.
Sulfated alcohols Pediculoides ven-
emulsifiers....21-5. tricosus....15-20.
sarcoptic mange
Sulfocide mites.......19-17.
manufacturers and soap
distributors Sarcoptes scabiei
.......6-15; 21-75. remedy......15-21.
powder-post beetle
repellent......6-8. Sulfur dioxide
proprietary sulfur corrosive action of
product......21-74. fumes.........22-40.
characteristics
Sulfonated castor oil .............22-19.
(also see Turkey red irritating effects on
oil) humans........22-19.
characteristics; uses as fumigant
price; manufacturers empty buildings
and distributors .............21-74.
...*......... 21-73. rooms........22-39.
constituent of Form-
ula No. 62...21-73. Sulfuric acid
known as turkey red availability
oil..........21-73. ........21-76; 22-53.
wetting and emulsi- characteristics; in-
tying agent..21-73. jurious effects
.......21-75; 22-28.
Sulfonated oils cost; caution..21-75.
emulsifiers....21-5. use in generating hy-
Arocyanic acid gas
Sulfur .......21-75; 22-26.
availability; price
S..............21-75. Supella supellectilium
characteristics; Serv. (see Brown
forms; caution banded roach)
.............21-74.









C6 ircular 23 eference Index


Surface applications types and uses 20-49.
chemicals to control use in fumigation
powder-post beetles ....22-48,(illus.)49.
.............. 6-11.
Tartar emetic
Surveys characteristics; cost;
mosquito.......7-10. manufacturers and dis-
tributors; caution
Tabanus atratus F. .............21-77.
adult (illus.) 8-25. use in poisoned ant
baits..15-8,9;21-77.
Talc (or talcum)
characteristics; Tartaric acid
cost; availability characteristics; cost;
.............21-76. availability; caution
general uses..21-76. ..............21-78.
uses in mixture use in poisoned ant
control body lice baits...15-9; 21-78.
S......... ..9-11.
control fleas Termites
......13-7; 21-76. conditions favoring
diluent for Paris infestations....2-6;
green 7-19; 21-76. 2A-3; (illus.) 2-9.
control........ 2-30.
Tapestry moth drainage 2-11;2A-4.
fabric pest.....3-2. primary or structu-
ral methods..2-33.
Tarantulas damaging species
control.......15-26. ...........2-2; 2A-2.
habits........15-25. distinction from ants
references....15-26. ...2-2,4,(illus.)2-3.
forms or castes..2-2.
Tar oil identification...2-2.
use to control sar- identification of
coptic mange 19-17. work........2-2,4,5.
inspections
Tar paper .......2-30,31; 2A-6.
use to protect materials used in pre-
shrubbery from vention or control
chemicals.....2-35. asbestos......21-8.
manufacturers and
Tarpaulins (rubber- distributors 2-39.
ized) metal shields
manufacturers and ........2-24; 2A-5.
distributors sodium arsenite
......20-49; 22-53. ..... 21-69.










Circular 23 Reference Index 57



Ternites (Cont'd) Termite tubes (see
materials used in Shelter tubes)
prevention or con-
trol (Cont'd) Thallia sulfate
soil poisons caution..15-9; 21-79.
..........2-34,39. characteristics
naturally resistant ...............21-78.
wood.*......2-22. cost; uses; manu-
pressure-treated facturers and dis-
wood.....2-22,40. tributors.....21-79.
moisture essential use in poisoned ant
.........2-11; 2A-2. baits 15-8,9; 21-78.
paradichlorobenzene
not recommended Theobaldia mosquitoes
............21-58. egg rafts
prevention of infes- .....7-9,(illus.)7-6.
tation.........2-7. habits......... ..7-9.
avoid contact with known as "pest mos-
soil...2-8; 2A-3. quitoes"...... 7-9.
clearance
.....2-8,11; 2A-3. Throat bot fly (Gastro-
concrete platforms philus nasalis a Tl
or ground slabs aut..........16-2.
S...........2-21. distribution in U. S.
construction prac- ................16-6.
tices.....2-7; 2A egg-laying habits
-3; (illus.) 2-9. ................16-3.
exterior woodwork eggs
.............2-18 ...16-3,(illus.)16-4.
importance....2-2. how injury is produced
isolation ................16-6.
.......2-13; 2A-4. larvae ....... .......
removal of detris 16-5, (illus.)16-5,6.
......2-7,8; 2A-3. protective devices
sound construction ................16-9.
P.............2-24. life history and sea-
water pipes, etc. sonal activity 16-7.
.............2-21.
wood in basements Ticks
*.............2-19. avoidance of
ventilation attack and infection
... .2-11; 2A-4. ......... .12-11.
references.....2-42. disease infection
shelter tubes from bites.....12-
.....(illus.)2-5,31. 11,12,13,14,15,16.









58 Circ~a 23 Reference Index


Ticks (Cont'd) removal when attached
carriers of sotted ...........12-13.
fever,,.....12-11. seed ticks......12-6.
control wood ticks
bron do i-..12-19. control......12-16.
horse and catle disease carriers
........ .. 12-22. .............12-11.
in animals' ars species.......12-4.
... .. . .21-22,64.
materials Tide and spill gate
derrs ip nmosquito control
.... .. .-1 ........(illus.)7-16.
fine-wooled
sheep 2-6. Tineola biselliella (see
nicotine suate liebbing Clothes moth)
...12-18; 21-54.
oil-prehrm Top minnows (Gambusia)
extrct21-66. mosquito control
spin se 2-23. ................7-17.
disinfection follow-
ing attachent Torcel (see Human bot
.... 12-1&2,1 2,68. fly)
female with eg mass
.......llus. 12-6. Trade names
habits.. .. 12-1. chemicals for powaer-
hosts.........2-2. post beetle control
identificin 12-6. ..............6-14.
injurious to animls
............... 12-2. Traps
importance s pests blowfly..8-18; 20-43.
..... ...,.. 2. .12-1. conical type.... 8-12;
killin : after re- 20-43; (illus.)8-13.
mval.... ...12-14. unsuitable for sta-
kerosee....21-43. ble flies...17-10.
turpentie,..21-79. electric type
life historyJ habits houseflies
....... 12- 6,9. .......8-11; 20-47.
:oin roups 1 r mosquitoes
f S .... -3 .....7-4,(illus.)5.
not tre insects stable or dog flies
...12 --1. **.......8-31; 17-10.
recautio fly.....8-11; 20-43.
bites..,,.,. -12. Hodge type
ha lin n. -14. ..... .......17-10, 1.
references.... 2-2. housefly 8-12; 20-43.








Circular 23 ferene Index 59


Traps (Cont'd) Tularema (or rabbit
special eye gnat fever)
........8-23; 20-43. blood-sucking flies
stable fly....17-10. as transmitters
....... *.*....... 8-24.
Trenching
termite control Tumblers
*..........2-36,37 name for mosquito
pupae...........7-5.
Triohodectes canis Deg. lethal action of petro-
biting lous of dogs eum oils on...7-18.
..............19-21.
intermediate host of Tuga penetrans (L)(see
tapeworm... ..19-21 Chigoe fle)

Trichodeotes (L.) Turkey red oil (also see
(see Biting hre Sulfonated castor oil)
lice) manufacturers..18-13.
same as sulfonated
Trichodectes p castor oil....21-73.
Giebel (see Btng use in Formula No. 62
horse lice) ...............18-10.

Trimming Turpentine
infested meats..5-9. characteristics
...............21-79.
Tropical horse tick destruction of re-
(Denmacentor nitens moved ticks...21-79.
Neu. ) other names; price;
habits; control availability; cau-
..............12-22. tion..........21-80.
use to control
Tropical rat mie powder-post beetles
(Liponyssus bacoti .......6-11; 21-79.
attack on man 15-19. Tyroglyphidae (see Ham
control. .....15-19. (or cheese)mites)
habits........15-18.
references....15-22. Vaccine
Rocky Mt. spottea
Tropical social wasps fever.........12-15.
(Polybiinae)
control ..**** .15- 4. Vaporizers (electric)
nests.. ......15-13. also known as diffu-
sting. ........15-14. sors...........20-9.







60 Circular 23 Reference Index


Vaporizers (electric) Vespa (see Paper wasps)
(Cont'd)
description; uses Vinegar
............20-9,10. availability...21-81.
anufacturers and characteristics;
distributors 20-11. sources.......21-80.
use to control lioe
Vaseline ....9-9,10,16; 21-80.
trade name for
petrolatum...21-61. Vinegerones (see Whip
scorpions)
Vaults (for fumigation)
construction..22-43. Wasp. nests
methods of fumigation control.....15-14,15.
..............22-44. location....15-12,13.
plan..(illus.)22-45.
Wasps
Vegetable gums classes........15-12.
emulsifiers....2 -5. control
social.......15-14.
Velvet ants (Multillidae) solitary.....15-12.
description; habits; parastic.......15-12.
Peruvian species references.... 15-15.
.............15-12. social....... ..15-13.
solitary....... 15-12.
Venomous caterpillars
control.......15-16. Washing soda
irritating effects other names; uses;
...........15-15. cost; availability
kinds.........15-15. ..............21-81.
treatment of irrita-
tions........15-18. Webbing clothes moth
(Tineola biselliella)
Ventilation (buildings adultsT larvae
or room ) ........(illus.)3-3.
termite prevention control...3-9; 21-66.
or control......... damage...(illus.)3-4.
2-8, 19, 24, 30; description......3-2.
2A-4;(illus.)2-20. development...... 3-7.
when treating with silken tubes.....3-2.
chemicals.....6-10.
Wetters
Vermorel spray nozzles use in insecticidal
description; uses sprays.........21-5.
..............20-27.











Circular 23 Rference Index 61


Whip scorpions (Vine- collection of samples
gerones) ...............7-4.
habits; effect control.........7-18.
..............15-27. fish as control aids
. .. ... .... .... 7-17.
Winter ticks (Derlmacen-
tor albipictus (Pack.) Xenopsylla cheopsis
an D. nigrolineatus (Roths.)
(PacE.)) oriental rat flea
control...... .12-22. ............... .13-2.
development...12-22.
habits. ......12-10. Yellow fever mosquito
(also see Aedes (reos-
Wire cloth (screening) quitoes))
uses; types; manu- breeding requirements
facturers and dis- ...............7-11.
tributors....20-46. exclusion.......7-21.
scientific name..7-7.
Wolman salts (pressure-
treated wood) Yellow jackets
manufacturers and habits.........15-13,
distributors..2-41.
Zinc chloride (pressure-
Wood ticks (see Ticks) treated wood)
federal specifications
Workers ................ 2-23.
caste of termites manufacturers and
................2-2. distributors...2-40.

Wrapping Zinc meta arsenite
cured meats to pre- (pressure-treated wood)
vent infestation manufacturers and dis-
...............-8. tributors......2-41.

Wrigglers (mosquito Zinc oxide
larvae)........7-3. use to treat skin
irritations...15-18.








62 Circular 23 Reference Index

PART II GENRAL R NCE INDEX


Afrioa factors in screw-
driver or army ants worm spread..18-5.
...............15-3. horn fly as pest
.............19-10.
African relapsing human lice do not
fever (see Diseases) breed on......9-3.
stable flies
American tropios ..........17-2,5,6.
legionary ants 15-3. dairy herds
stable flies reduce
Animals production...17-2.
ants destructive to dead (carcasses)
...............15-3. burning (control
birds blowflies and
lice as pests screwworms)
.............19-3. 8-17,18; 18-7,8.
mites as pests screwworms do not
............19-12. breed in.....18-3.
wild spraying
source of .......8-17; 21-22.
chicken mites de-ticking.....12-14.
........19-13. dogs
feather mite control of fleas
........19-14. ....13-7; 21-24,25.
cats creosote oil caustic
control of fleas on to.......12-20,21.
...13-7; 21-24,25. effect and control
hosts of chiggers of ticks....12-18.
.............14-3. hosts of chiggers
human lice do not ..............14-3.
breed on.....9-3. insects injurious
sources of fleas to........19-1,15.
.............13-3. ohiggers...19-15.
cattle ear mites..19-17.
cattle fever tick fleas......19-15.
S...........12-11. lice....19-15,21.
cattle; winter; mange mites
tropical horse ...........19-1,5
ticks......12-22. sarcoptic mites
control of fleas ..,........19-16.
on.........21-24. ticks......19-15.











Circular 23 Reference Index 63


Animals (Cont'd) injurious effects
dogs (Cont'd) of stable flies
human lice do not .............17-2.
breed on.....9-3. insects injurious
injurious effects to.,.......19-1,2.
of stable flies chicken and bird
............17-2. mites.....19-13.
sources of fleas horn fly...19-10.
.............13-3. housefly...19-12.
domestic hosts of lice........19-2.
ticks.......12-1,2. mange mites 19-6.
donkeys screwworms 19-11.
treatment for bot stable fly..19-9.
flies......16-12. isolate if mite-
dried products fested.......19-9.
larder beetles as screwworm attack
pests........5-5. location....18-3.
exclusion prevention..18-7.
from seepage areas spinose ear tick
to prevent mos- ...........12-3,23.
quitoes......7-3, transmission of
strays for flea encephalomyelitis
control.....13-7. to...........7-10.
hogs inedible products
human lice do not ham skipper breeds
breed on.....9-3. in...........5-2.
injurious effects lice injurious to
of stable flies ................19-2.
............17-2. mammals
horses attack of lice
control of bot ..............19-2.
flies.......16-9. mules
dipping for insect control of bot
control 19-4,8,9. flies........16-9.
factors in screw- hosts of
worm control bot flies...16-1.
............18-5. chiggers....14-3.
hosts of ticks
bot flies .....12-11,22,23.
....*....16-1,7. screwworm attack
chiggers...14-3. location
stable flies .....18-3; 19-11.
.........17-5,6. prevention..18-7.
ticks..12-11,22.








96 Circular 23 Reference Index


Animals (Cont'd) Attics
rats (see Animals, tropical rat mite
rodents) control.......15-19.
rodents
control of fleas Australian human tick
.............13-7. paralysis
hosts of fleas cause and species
.............13-2. involved.......12-3.
hosts of tropical
rat mite...15-18. Automobile casings
sheep (discarded)
factors in screw- mosquito breeding
wor, spread 18-5. places..........7-9.
use in tick con-
trol......12-16. Bacon
treatment of screw- extent of injury by
worm infestations ham skippers....5-3.
.............18-9. pollution by'larder
wild beetles......... 5-7.
hosts of ticks
...........12-2,9. Baggage
distribution of bed-
Animal feeds bugs...........10-2.
fumigation. ..22-43.
Bark (loose)
Animal pens removal to control
control of scab scorpions.....15-28.
mite. ........21-12.
Barracks
Anthrax (see Diseases) bedbug hiding places
.. ..............10-4.
Aquatic plants fumigation
aid nsonia mos- chloropicrin; methyl
quit rding 7-9. bromide; sulfur
interfere with mos- dioxide.....22-39.
quito control by factors involved
fish.......... 7-17. ,............22-20.
removal for mosquito hydrocyanic acid
control .......7-21. .. ...........22-38.
precautions..22-22.
Ascending paralysis house spider breeding
caused by ticks places.,.......15-24.
............ 12-2. treatment to control
centipedes....15-30.












Circular 23 Reference Index 65


Barracks (Cont'd) treatment to control
treatment to control lice.......9-15,17.
(Cont'd) itch or scab mte
clover mites .............15-22.
S... .... .....15-21.
fleas........ 13-6. Bedding (dog)
houseflies treatment to control
......8-11; 21-33. mange mites.,.19-16.
house spiders
.........15-24,25. Beds (and bedsteads)
mosquitoes control of bedbugs
bed nets...7-21. ............. 10-5,6.
spraying...7-22. hiding places of bed-
termites (see bugs.......10-4.
Buildings) inspection for bed-
bugs .......... 10-4
Barrels prevention of bed-
mosquito breeding bugs......... 21-42,
places.........7-3.
mosquito control with Bins (or tight con-
borax..7-18; 21-10. tainers)
fumigants for
Basements carbon disulfide
control of fleas and ..............22-9.
ticks with creosote chloropicrin 22-12.
oil.......... 21-22. ethylene dichloride
screening against ......... ...22-13.
house spiders fumigation.....22-50.
e.....e.......15-25. hardwood construction
subject to Lyctus
Bay grasses (windrows beetle attack...6-3.
of)
control of stable Bird nests
flies..17-8; 21-22. removal to.control
mites......19-13,14.
Bayous
mosquito control Blankets
............7-16. airing and beating
after fumigation
Bedclothing ..............22-39.
fumigation in stor- fumigation.....22-40.
age roomsa.. 22-43.
retention of hydro- Body
cyanic acid gas examination for ticks










66 Circular 23 Reference Index


Body (Cont'd) Bronchial irritations
treatment to control caused by venomous
straw or grain mite caterpillars..15-15.
.............15-20.-
Brush
Bones cutting to control
ham skipper as pest ticks.........12-16.
Bubonic plague (see
Boots (aviator's fur- Diseases)
lined)
protection from Building materials
pests in storage transport ants..15-6.
.............22-40.
Buildings (also see
Borrow pits Attics, Barracks,
mosquito breeding Basements, Ceilings,
places.....7-11,12. Chimneys, Doors,
Floors, Foundations,
Boxes Garages, Houses, Hos-
harbor chicken mites pitals, Huts, Kennels,
..............19-13. Living quarters, Mess
halls, Outbuildings,
Brain fever (encepha- Partitions, Piers,
lomyelitis) Porches, Sills,
carriers.......7-10. Stables, Steps, Store-
rooms, Sub-flooring
Bread (sweetened) Warehouses, Windows
attracts Argentine breeding places of
ants..........15-4. ants.........15-4,5.
conditions favorable
Bricks to termites
habitat of spiders ..........2-6; 2A-6.
..............15-24. construction to pre-
removal to control vent termite damage
millipedes...15-31. ......2-2,7; 2A-1.
control of pests
Bridges ants...15-6; 21-25.
habitat of black bedbugs......21-66.
widow spider 15-23. brown dog tick
.............12-21.
Bristles clover mite..15-21.
require protection fleas........2166.,
from fabric pests houseflies...21-33.
...............3-1. lice.........21-25.












Circlar 23 -Rference ndex 6


Buildings (Cont'd) Camps
control of pests ant control
(Cont 'd) .............21-49.
mosquitoes... 7-22. arthropods as nuis-
roaches.....21-66. ances..........15-2.
termites....2-30. chigger control 14-8.
damage by termites eye gnat prevention
..........2-2; 2A-2 ...... ....... ...8-22
evidence of tenite location to prevent
ir estation,.2-4,5. horse and deer
fireproof flies.,......8-25.
control of ticks sandflies.....8-30.
.....12-20; 21-36, spinose ear ticks
fumigation not ...........12-23.
visable against mosquito control
tenmites.....12-21. areas beyond
infestations boundaries.. 7-23.
ants.......15-4,5. drainage... 7-13o
chicken and bird stream treatment to
mites...... 19-13. contro buffalo
clover mite 15-20. gats or black flies
millipedes..15-31. ...............8-26.
inspeotion for ter- te' orary
mites...2-30; 2A-6. selection to pre-
metal shields for vent s-of'-' died
termite prevention tick infestations
........2-24; 2A-5. ............12-13.
parts attacked by wood adjacent
powder-post bee- inspection and
tles........... 6-2. treatment for sand
pressure-treated and flies........8-30.
naturally resistant
wood for termite Canine piroplasmosis
prevention....2-22. (see Diseases)
sealing with asbes-
tos-calcium chloride Cans (discarded)
paste...... 21-8,11. mosquito breeding
screening against places.......7-9,11.
house spiders
........... 15-25. Carcasses (see Animals,
sulfur dioxide as dead)
fuamigant..... 21-74.
Cats (see Animals)
Cake
attracts Argentine Cattle (see Animals)
ants..........15-4.










68 Circular 23 Reference Index


Ceilings evidence of fabric
* mite dissmination pests...........3-2.
from.........15-18. flea control with
pyrethrum .....21-66.
Cheese Pfmigable storage
control of ites................3-10.
cold storage not fumigation
effective,... 5-8. carbon disulfide
hot water or stam .............21-14.
..............5-8. carbon tetra-
fumigation....22-47. chloride....21-15.
ethylene oxide- chloropicrin
carbon dioxide .......9-14; 21-18.
mixture 21-13,30. control of ticks
hydrocyanic acid .............12-13.
gas........21-37. ethylene dichloride-
pests carbon tetrachlor-
ham or oheese ide mixture 22-13.
mites........5-7. ethylene oxide-
ham skipper...5-2. carbon dioxide
larder beetles mixture.....22-14.
..............5-5. gas tight chambers
principal pests or vaults...22-43.
......... .... 5-2. naphthalene
..........22-18,40.
Chimneys paradichlorobenzene
screening for mos- ..........22-19,40.
quito control 7-21. kerosene as chigger
repellent.....21-42.
Cisterns mothproofing.....3-8-
mosquito breeding treatment to control
places..........7-3. fabric pests...3-9.
itch or scab mite
Clothing (or garments) ............15-22
ants destructive to lice.......9-11,16.
...........15-2,4. straw or grain mite
breedingplaceof .............15-20.
body lice.....,9-5. treatment to prevent
oentipede removal tick bites....12-12.
.....*........15-30. use to exclude
disseminaes chiggers.......14-7.
bedbugs .... 10-2.
cockroaches..11-5. Colic (of horsea)
human lice....9-7, caused by horse bots
.........16-7; 19-10.










Crular 23 Reference Index 69


Commissaries Debris
copkroaches breeding source of
development..11-4. stable'flies
entranoe.....11-2. .........8-31; 17-3.
ham or cheese mites encourages increase
as peats.......5-7. of centipedes 15-30.
protection from habitat of
flies......... 8-11, house spiders
..*.... .......15-24.
Concrete scorpions....15-27.
coal tar pitch used tarantulas...15-26.
to fill voids removal to control
.............21-19. millipedes...15-31.
scorpions....15-28.
Corn (husks and cobs)
breeding source of Death
stable flies..17-3. animals, from
lice..........19-3.
Cots (see Beds) sorewworms...19-11.
dogs, from
Cotton (clothing) demodectic mange
fire ant destruction .............19-20.
..*.... ....15-4. sarcoptio mange
.............19-17.
Coughing horses, from
venomous cater- horse bots...19-10.
pillars as cause lice........19-1,2.
.............15-15. mange mites 19-7,8.
stableflies...19-9.
Culverts insects, from
habitat of black centipedes...15-29.
widow spider 15-23. man, from
black widow spider
Cured fish .............15-23.
ham skipper as pest scorpions....15-28.
.......... .....5-2. sorewworms...19-12.
pigeons, from
Cured meats (see Meat) chicken mites
.......... .. 19-13.
Dairy herds (see
Animals) Decayed (or rotting)
wood (see Wood,decayed)
Danger
exposure to fumi- Demodeoti mange of
gants.........22-3. dogs......19-15,19,20.










70 Circular 23 Reference Index


Dengue (see Diseases) dengue
carriers.....7-2,7.
Dermatitis encephalomyelitis
caused by itch or (brain fever)
scab mite....15-21. Aedes mosquitoes
grocer's itch 15-20. as carriers..7-10.
straw itch....15-20. endemic typhus
carriers
Dining halls (see Mess fleas.......13-2.
halls) tropical rat mite
...........15-19.
Diseases filariasis
African relapsing carriers
fever mosquitoes
Ornithodoros mou- ..........7-2,10.
-bata as carrir foot mange of horses
*.. .*a ... .12-3. ................19-8.
anthrax human tick bite fever
carriers (of Laurenco Marques)
bloodsucking Amblyomma hebraeum
flies.....8-24. as carrier..*.1 -3.
stable fly...... infantile paralysis
8-24;17-2;19-9. stable fly as
bubonic plague carrier......17-2.
huan flea as malaria
possible vector mosquito control
S.............13-3. for prevention
Oriental and B.ro- beyond camp
pean rat fleas as limits.....7-23.
vectors.....13-2. sprays......7-22.
transmission and time of contraction
spread......13-2. ..............7-23.
oanine piroplasmosia use of bed nets for
brown dog tick as prevention...7-21.
carrier....12-20. mange (or scabies)
carriers dogs.......19-2,15.
blood-sucking horses......19-2,6.
flies......8-24. pigeon malaria
fleaS......13-1,2. carrier....19-2,22.
lice........9-2,7. rabbit fever (tulare-
mosquitoes....7-2. mia)
rat and itch mite care of infected
............15-2. persons.....12-15.
stable flies carriers......12-2.
.....17-2,5; 19-9.










Circulr 23 Reference Index 71



Diseases (Cont'd) bed nets for pre-
relapsing fever vention.... ..7-21.
transmission control by mosquito
lice.......9-2. control...7-9,23.
ticks...12-2,15.
Rocky Mt. spotted Digestive stoppage
fever horses from horse
care of infected bots..........19-10.
persons....12-15.
carriers..12-2,11. Ditches
distribution; examination for mos-
forms; virulence quito control..7-11.
.......... .12-11.
proportion of Dog kennels (see Kennels)
ticks usually in-
fested..... 12-12. Dogs (see Animals)
protective vaccine
..........12-15. Doors
sarcoptic mange of construction of
dogs...19-15,16,17 frames or jambs to
surra prevent termites
stable fly as ......2-18; 2A-3.
carrier screening for mos-
....17-2; 19-9. quito control
swamp fever ............7-21.
stable fly as
carrier.....17-2. Dried food products
tail mange of horses beef
...............19-8. ham skipper as pest
Texas fever of cattle ..............5-2.
cattle ticks as fruit
carriers...12-22. hydrocyanic acid
tick fever of cattle gas as fumigant
carried by cattle ............21-37.
tick........12-2. meats
trench fever larder beetles as
lice as trans- pests.........5-5.
mitters......9-2. smoked or cured meats
typhus fever injury by larder
lice as trans- beetles.......5-7.
mitters...... 9-2.
tularemia (see Dis- Ear mange of dogs
eases, rabbit fever) ...,.......19-15,18,19.
yellow fever
Aedes aegypti as Ears (dogs)
carrier...... mange....19-15,18,19.










72 Circular 23 Reference Index


Ears (dogs) (Cont'd) Fabrics
mites.........19-17. fumigation....22-40.
carbon tetrachloride
Eave troughs .* ***........ 21-15.
mosquito breeding ethylene dichloride-
places.......7-3,9. carbon tetrachlor-
ide......21-15,29.
nmaciation ethylene oxide-
horses from horse carbon dioxide
bots.........19-10. .....21-30; 22-42.
tight chambers or
Enoephalomyelitis vaults......22-43.
(brain fever)(see insect pests
Diseases) carpet beetles 3-6.
control
Endemic typhus (see naphthalene....3-
Diseases) 8; 21-53; 22-40.
paradichlbroben-
Ensilage zone............
treatment to control 3-8;21-58;22-40.
stable flies..17-9. evidence of injury
..... .........3-2.
Epansion joints items requiring
sealing to prevent protection....3-1.
termites prevention of in-
........2-22; 2A-5. ury..........3-8.
coal tar plastic webbing clothes
cement moth..........3-4.
.....2A-5; 21-20. moth proofing
coal tar pitch.... ..........3-8; 21-52.
2-22-; 2A-5; 21-29.
Fermenting vegetation
Extra cantonment areas stable fly breeding
control of and prevention 8-31.
soreworms... 18-6.
stable ad dog Fever
flies .....*8-31. caused by
Paraponera olavata
es ........... .15-3.
treatment of screw- tropical rat mite
wo infestations .............15-19.
.............18-11.
venomous caterpillar Filariasis (see Diseases)
irritations..115-15.
wash for chloropi-
orin..........21-71.I










Circular 23 Referene Index 73


Filing cabinets hardwood
subject to Lyetus subject to Lyotus
beetle injur y." -3. beetle injury 6-3.
protection from ter-
Fills (hydraulic) mites 2-21,22; 2A-4.
mosquito breeding surface applications
places (illus.) to.control
......*.....7-12, Lyetus (powder-post)
Deeties
Fire bucketa ......6-11; 21-79.
borax to prevent tent
mosquito breeding hiding place of
.......7-18; 21-10. scorpions...15-27.
mosquito breeding treatment to control
places.......7-3,9. tropical rat mite
..............15-19.
Fire escapes (wooden)
clearance frbm soil Flour
to prevent teitrmites chloropicrin deleter-
......... .....2-18. ious to.......22-12.

Fire hazards Flour mills
ants......... 15-. orce of grain mite
infestation...15-20.
First aid
black widow spider Flower vases
victims......15-24. mosquito breeding
fumigation victims place...........7-9.
...............22-8.
Food containers
Flood water ant prevention..15-6.
mosquito breeding
places.........7-3. Food establishments
source of "grocer's
Floors itch"........15-20.
ants that breed
beneath.......15-5. Food supplies
cement attract Argentine ant
construction to ...............15-4
prevent termites attract Pharaoh ant
............2-21. ................15-5.
cracks contamination
control of body arthropods....15-2.
lice with cresol blowflies.....8-14.
..........21-24. cockroaches...11-2.
food insects...4-1.










74 Circular 23 feferece Inex


Food supplies (Cont'd) Foundations (in relation
dry heat as insect to termite prevention)
control. .... .4.-4. concrete platforms or
fuigation......4-6. ground slabs...2-21.
carbon tetrachlo- cracks or voids
ride.......21-15. .....2-6,7,8; 2A-2,5.
ethylene diahloride dryness essential
-carbon tetraohlo- ................2-11.
ride.... 21-15,29. grading...2-11; 2A-4.
ethylene oxide imperviousness essen-
S......&.2-14. tial...2-13; 2A-3,5.
hydrocyD iat acid inspection....2-7,13.
gas.....21-37,39. mtal barriers;
methy-l broide not shields; aprons.....
recon elnded 2-14,24,34; 2A-4,5.
.........22-17 porches and terraces
aphthale not ........2-13; 2A-4.
suitable poured concrete 2-13.
....21-54; 22-18. pressure-treated or
paradioholroben- naturally resistant
zene not JsLtable wood........2-22,24.
....21-59; 22-19. shelter tubes on sur-
prevention of insect face.......2-5,7,13,
infestation 31,(illus.)2-5,6,31.
avoid long storage skirting between piers
S..... .. .......4-3. ....... ... ..2-18,20.
cold r dry stor- use of soil poisons
age..........4-5. around.........2-36.
inspection of in- veniatilation
co ig supplies .......2-11,30; 2A-4.
.. ......11-5. windows or openings
purchase of Isect- below grade....2-18.
free products wooden piers or posts
.............4-3. ................2-13.
refrigeratin wooden porches or
.............8-17. steps..........2-18.
sanitation + ..4-4.
torage in tight Fresh water (see Water,
containers .4-5. fresh)
transport nt in-
festations ... 15-6. Fresh water marshes
(see Marshes)
Foot m~ne of horses
(see Diseases)











Crular 23 Reference Index 75


Fuel boxes (outdoors) tigable storage
location to prevent,...........3-10
termites......2-18 moh proofing
S... .. 3-8; 21-52'.
Furniture nphthalene.......
ant prevention 15-7. 22-18; 3-8; 21-53.
fumigation parad i cl orobenzene
ethylene oxide- ......3 22-19.
oarbon dioxide
....21-13; 22-43. Grages
tight chambers or habita of black
vaults.....22-43, widow spder, .15-23.
retention of chloro-
picrin and hydro- Garbage
cyanic acid,,22-39. at pevention,15-6.
second hand as means borax or reatment
of distributing of .,.. -8 21-10.
bedbugs.........0-2. care a to
subject to L s control
beetle J ama3 blowflies.....8-17.
treatm:nt to control gnats.....8-23.
powder-=post beetles houseflies... *.8-8.
6containers(care and
...,.. ..6-11. o~ ra e (r and
tropical rat mite cleaning)......8-8.
..........15-19.caustic soda 21-16.
wasing soda 21-81.
Furring (wood) control of fly larvae
impregnation to pre- petroleum....21-62.
vent termites 2A-4.
arments (see Clothing)
Furs
evidence of fabric Girders (wooden)
pest infestation clearance and loca-
S.,............3-2. tion to prevent
fumigation termites........2-8.
ethylene dichlo-
ride.......22-13. Grain (and seed)
ethylene oxide fumigation
............22-14 carbon disulfide
preventing fabric .......21-14; 22-9.
pest injury to 3-8. carbon tetraehloride
protection from ...........21-15
fabri pests choropirin
cd storage..3-9. ..*.... .21-18;22-12.
essential.....3-1.









6 Circular 23 Reference Index


Grain(and seed)(Cont'd) Habitations (see
fumigaton (Cont'd) Buildings)
ethylene dichlo-
ride....... 22-13. Hair
ethylene dichloride breeding place of
-carbon tetrachlo- lice........9-3,5,7.
ride....21-15,29. control of lice
ethylene oxide- head lice
carbon dioxide ..9-8; 21-43,44,80.
...21-13; 22-47. pubic lice....9-16.
hydrocyanic acid tick remedy injurious
gas........ 21-37. to............12-24.
naphthalene not
suitable...22-18. Ham
pests
Grass ham beetle......5-4.
olippings ham skipper ...5-2.
treatment to con- larder beetle..5-7.
trol stable flies reconditioning by
........17-7,9. trimming........5-7.
cuttin to control
ticks........ 22-16. Hard water
windrows Aresket as emulsifier
breeing soure of ................21-8.
stable flies
............17-3. Hardwood (see Wood)

Grocer's itch Hats
cause; control treatment to control
..............15-20. lice...........9-10.
Ground Hay
ant nests....15-5,6. breeding source of
bee and wsp nests stable flies
...........15-12,13. .........8-31; 17-3.
treatment to control
Groud slabs (concrete stable flies...17-8.
or msonry)
construction to pre- Heartwood (see Wood)
vent te ites 2-21,
treatment to control Helmets
termites......2-38. protection of aviator's
fur lined
Gun stock blanks .......21-53; 22-40.
Lytus beetle in-
s ions.....6-3.











Gir lar 23 eference Index 77


Hides (green) Infection
ham skipper as pest tiks as source
............. .. -2. .. .. .. . 12-14.

High top shoes Injury
precaution against dogs
tick bites...-1-2. lice; mange mites
.... ......19-2.
Hogs (see Animals) horses
lice........19-2,4.
Hoof prints (animal) mange ites...19-2.
malaria mosquito pigeons
breeding place 7-3. mites; pigeon fly
..............19-2.
Horses (see Animals)
Irrigation water
Household furnishings mosquito breeding
(see Furniture) place...........7-3.

Houses (also see Itching
Buildings) dogs, caused by
bee and wasp nest demodeotic or red
.............15-13. ange.......19-20.
ear mites....19-19.
Hospitals lice.........19-21.
Pharoah ant a pest sarcoptic mange
...............15-5. mites.......19-16.
horses from mange
Human tick bite fever mites..........19-8.
(see Diseases)
Joists (of buildings)
Huts hosts of powder-post
precaution against beetles.........6-2.
tick bites...12-13. termite prevention
clearance..... 2-8.
Ice box drains impregnation..2-21.
mosquito breeding location..... 2-21.
places.........7-3.
Kennels
Implement handles control of fleas and
subject to Lotus ticks.........21-22.
beetle infestaTon disinfection for
S..............6-3. mange mites...19-16.
spraying for brown
Infantile paralysis dog tick...12-20,21.
(see Diseases)









78 Oircular 23 RBfereno Index


Kitchens Litter
attract cockroaches burning to control
............... 11-2. mites
control of house- dog..........19-16.
flies.........8-11. pigeon.......19-14.

Lake margns Livestock
mosquito breeding control of insects
areas........7-14. pyrethrum fly
sprays......21-66,
Latrines sprays for flies
treatment ............21-31.
control black sprays for stable
widow spider flies.......17-9.
...........15-24. cube powder for
exclude house- lice and ticks
flies....... 8-10. ............21-24.
disease carriers
Lattices stable fly....17-2.
clearance for ter- ticks.........12-1.
mite prevention host of wood ticks
...............2-8. ................12-4.
injurious insects
Laundry chicken and feather
means of distribution mites.......19-13.
bedbugs......10-2. lice .........19-2.
cockroaches..11-5. sandflies.....8-25.
screwworms...19-11.
Lawn clippings spinose ear tick
breeding source of ..............12-3.
stable flies..17-3.
Living quarters
Leather gods house spider infesta-
remove before fumi- tion..........15-24.
gating with methyl
bromide .....22-39. Logs (hollow)
habitat of black wid-
Leggings ow spiders....15-23.
precaution against
tick bites...12-12. Lumber (also see Wood)
habitat of house
Lily ponds spiders........15-24.
mosquito breeding hiding place of
place..........7-3. scorpions.....15-27.









Ciroular 23 efretne Index 79


Lymphatic glands straw or grain
swelling from Para- mite........15-20.
ponera olavata ting tropical rat mite
..............15-3. ..........15-18,19.
wood ticks...,12-4.
Malaria (see Diseases) m- lipedes annoying
to............15-31.
ammals (see Anials) mosquito repellents
for use on.....7-22.
Man no satisfactory stable
attack and effect of fly repellent avail-
stable flies able.., .....17-10.
...........17-2,5. pigeon flies annoying
brown dog tick annoy- to...........19-21.
ing to.......12-20. prevention against
cattle, winter, trop- chiggers
ical horse tick not ...... 14-7; 21-74.
injurious....12-22. rarely attacked by
centipedes injurious young of Amerioan
to...........15-29 dog or spotted
control of lice on fever-tick.....12-9.
....... ..m9-8 rovl of spinose
encephalomyelitis ear tick from ears
transmitted by *............ 12-23.
Aedes mosquitoes susceptibility to
.............7-10. sarcoptic mange
few arthropods dan- ..............19-17.
gerous to.....15-3, treatment
host of flea bites....13-8.
bedbugs.....-.10-2. sorewworm infesta-
ohicken mite tion........18-9.
............19-13.
chiggers.....14-5. Mange (or Scabies)(see
fleas........13-3. Diseases)
fowl tick....12-5.
itch or scab mite Man-holes
........15-21. habitat of black
1i;e . .....9-2. widow spider..15-2i3.
Ornithodoros turi-
ata Duges..-. Manure
srs breeding source
.. *.8-17; 18-2. ham flies....19-11.
sp e r tik houseflies... 19-12.
....12- 3,23. stable flies
..... 8-31; 17-2.








80 Circular 23 Reference Index


Manure (Cont'd) hiding place of bed-
disposal to control bugs...........10-4.
eye gnats.,..8-23. retention of hydro-
houseflies....8-5. cyanic acid gas
treatment ...........,..22-39.
break up to con- source of straw mite
trol horn flies infestation...15-20.
...........19-11.
borax..8-8; 21-10. Meadows
ohemical against mosquito breeding
houseflies, 8-8. place.......... 7-15
control stable
flies.......17-8. Meadow mice
petroleum (cde control with poison
oil) against fly bait to reduce ticks
larvae.... 21-6. *..............12-17.

Marshes Meat
breeding place of control of insect
Mansonia mosquitoes pests,..........5-7.
S.. ...... ....7-10. cured
fresh water fumigation
coconut oil soap .......5-9; 22-47*
emusifer in ethylene oxide-
mosquito larvi- carbon dioxide
cides.....21-20. .......'21-1330.
mosquito breeding pests..........5-2.
place......,7-13. ham or cheese
mosquito control mites*......5-7.
drainage or ditch- larder beetles
ing......7-13,14. ........ 5-5,7.
examination..7-11. wrapping or coating
salt water as insect pro-
Aresket as emulsi- tection.......5-8.
fier in mosquito draws Argentine ants
larvicides..21-8. ................15-4.
mosquito breeding hydrocyanic acid gas
place.....7-3,15. as fumigant...21-37.
water management infestation by blow-
for mosquito co flies..........8-15
trol........7-13. mites in counters or
cases
Mattresses control with hot
air and beat after water or steam
fumigation.2239, ..........5-8
"'' ...i..










Circular 23 Reference Index 81


Meat (Cont'd) habitat of black
reconditioning by widow spider..15-23.
trimming.......5-9.
refrigeration and Paralysis
screening to con- caused by sting of
trol blowflies Paraonera clavata
...-1; 8-17. ......... 15-3
screening of of insects from
storages.......5-8. centipedes....15-29.
wrapping as protec-
tion against in- Partitions (wood, in
sects.........5-8. basements)
construction to pre-
Mess halls (also see vent termites
Buildings) *....... .2-19; 2A-3.
attractive to cock-
roaches.......11-2. Peanut litter
control of house- breeding place of
flies.........8-11. stable flies...17-3.
formalin as poison treatment to control
......... 21-33 stable flies 17-7,9.

Mules (see ~Ias) ens (animal)
disinfection....19-9.
Nasal catarrh
attracts screwworm Piers
flies........ 19-12. soil around
chemical treatment
Naturally resistant to control termites
wood (see Wood, .............2-34.
naturally resistant) structural require-
ments to prevent
Nose termites.......2-24.
treatment of screw- clearance from lat-
wor infestations tices or skirting
...,.........18-9. .......2-8,18,20.
ether.......21-28 concrete
........2-13,19,20.
Outb ildings m etal shields
S. t . ... .2-13,25,26.
fleas....... .13-6. pressur-treated
fleas and ticks wood...... 2-13,22.

...2122* Pigeon nests
house spiders cleaning.......19-23.
S..... .. .. .15-25.


Sfi~~









82 Circular 23 Reference Index


Pigeons mosquito breeding
caution in use of places..........7-3.
fly sprays on mosquito larvicides
............19-24. for.....7-17; 21-20.
insect pests of
.............19-1,2. Porches
pigeon fly..19-22. isolation and shield-
malaria of..19-2,22. ing to prevent ter-
mites...19-12,13,14. mites.......2-13,18.
treatment to control
Pipes (water, etc.) termites.......2-37.
arrangement, sealing,
shielding to pre- Pork products (cured)
vent termites 2-21. ham skipper as pest
means of mite dis- .................5-2.
semination...15-18.
sealing of spaces Poultry
around pests
asbestos.....21-8. fowl tick.....12-5.
coal-tar plastic mites....... 19-12.
cement.....21-20. ticks as disease
coal-tar pitch carriers.......12-1.
............21-19.
Premises
Plague (bubonic)(see treatment to control
Diseases) mange mites...19-16.

Plants Pressure-treated wood
are free from centi- (see Wood, pressure-
pede injury..15-29. treated)
hosts of venomous
caterpillars 15-16. Puddles (see Rain pools)
parts fed on by
millipedes...15-30. Quarters (see Barracks)
transport ants 15-6.
Rabbit fever (see Dis-
Platforms (concrete) eases)
construction to pre-
vent termites 2-21. Rafters (of buildings)
treatment to control hosts of powder-post
termites......2-38. beetles.........6-2.

Ponds Rain pools (or puddles)
examination for mos- exmination for mos-
quito control 7-11. quito control..7-11.









Circular 23 Reference Index 83


Rain pools (or Roosts
puddles)(Cont'd) treatment to control
mosquito breeding chicken mites 19-13.
places.........7-3.
Rot holes (in trees)
Rats (see Animals) sandfly control
creosote oil
Receptacles (water) .......8-30; 21-22.
examination for mos- draining......8-30.
quito control 7-11.
Rotting wood (see Wood,
Reclamation projects decayed)
water management for
mosquito control Roundworm of horses
...........7-13 transmitted by house-
fly...........19-12.
Red mange (see Diseases)
Rubber insulation
Relapsing fever (see ants destructive to
Diseases) ..............15-2,4.

Reservoirs Rubbish
mosquito-breeding clean up to control
places.........7-3. tarantulas....15-26.
mosquito control encourages increase
0...............7-16. of centipedes 15-30.

Rocks Salt water marshes (see
habitat of black Marshes)
widow spider 15-23.
treatment to control Salt pork
black widow spider ham skipper as pest
.............15-24. .................5-2.

Rocky Mt. spotted Salt water (see Water,
fever (see Diseases) salt)

Rodents (see Animals) Sapwood (see Wood)

Room Sarooptic inge (see
asbestos-calcium Diseases)
chloride paste for
sealing.......21-8. Scabies (see Diseases,
mange)









84 Circrlar 23 Reference Index


Sea water hosts of powder-post
Aresket as emulsi- beetles..........6-2.
fier..........21-8.
Skin irritations
Seaweed cause
breeding source of tropical rat mite
stable flies ............15-19.
........8-31; 17-3. venomous cater-
pillars.....15-15.
Seed (see Grain) whip scorpions
..........15-27,28.
Septic tanks treatment......15-18.
mosquito breeding
places..........7-3. Skirting (foundation)
termite prevention
Sewage clearance
disposal to prevent ........2-22; 2A-4.
housefly breeding construction
..............8-10. ..............2-8,19.
mosquito breeding in
disposal facilities Sleepers (floor)
........... 7-11,12. pressure treatment to
prevent termites
Sheep (see Animals) .........2-22; 2A-4.

Shoes Sleeping quarters
kerosene as chigger screens and nets for
repellent....21-42. sorewworm prevention
...............8-19.
Short circuits
ants as cause..15-4. Sludge
treatment
Shoulders (meat) borax..17-8; 21-10.
ham skipper injury control stable
............... 5-2. flies........17-8.
larder beetle pollu-
tion...........5-7. Snow water
mosquito breeding
Silk (clothing) place...........7-3.
fire ant destructive
to......*.....15-4. Socks
use to prevent tick
Sills (of buildings) bites.........12-12.
construction to pre-
vent termites 2-21.









Circular 23 Reference Index 85


Soil cement floor in 2-21.
cracks as mosquito conditions favorable
breeding places to fabric insects
...............7-3. ................3-7.
Pprevention and con- control of fabric in-
trol of termites sects..........3-11.
.........2-2,4,6,7, insects destructive
8,11,14,31; 2A-2,4. in......... 3-2
by chemical sanitation to prevent
poisoning...2-34. food insects....4-4.
Soldiers Straw
arthropods as nuis- breeding source of
anes.......... 15-2. stable flies
"cavalryman's itch" .......8-31; 17-2,3.
..........,.,.19-7. treatment to control
stable flies 17-7,8.
Sore throats
horses, from horse Straw itch
bots.........19-10, cause; control 15-20.

Stables Streama
disinfection...19-9. examination for mos-
quito control..7-11.
Steps mosquito control
construction to pre- ................7-17.
vent termites 2-18.
Structural timbers
Stones hardwood subject to
clean up to control Lyotus beetle attack
scorpions....15-28. ....,..6-3
habitat of tarantu-
las..........15-26. Subflooring (of build-
hiding place of ings)
scorpions.....15-27. host of powder-post
beetles.........6-2.
Storage spaces
control of tropical Sugar
rat mite.....15-19. draws Argentine ants
tored food (see Food ...............15-4.
Stored food (see Food
supplies) Supplies
inspect incoming to
Store rooms (or stor- prevent cockroaches
age deposits) ...............11-5.
attract cockroaches
..,............11-2. Surra (see Diseases)









86 Circular 23 Reference Index


Swales harbors chicken mites
mosquito breeding .....e........19-13*
places.........7-15.
Tree holes
Tail mange of horses examination for mos-
(see Diseases) quito control..7-11.
mosquito breeding
Tapeworm places..........7-3.
intermediate hosts
fleas.......19-15. Trees
lice.....19-15,21. bee and wasp nests
in............15-13.
Telephone lines hosts of venomous
ants destructive to caterpillars..15-16.
..... ........15-2,4.
Trench fever (see
Tent (floors) Diseases)
hiding place of
scorpions....15-27. Typhus fever (see
Diseases)
Terraces
isolation and Tularemia (see Diseases)
shielding to pre-
vent termites 2-13 Underbrush
treatment to control burning or removal
termites.......2-37. for tick control
..............12-16.
Texas fever of cattle
(see Diseases) Vaults
ohloropicrin as gen-
Tick fever of cattle eral fumigant 22-12.
(see Diseases) construction for fum-
igation....22-43,45.
Tiles ethylere dichloride
habitat of black as fumigant for fab-
widow spider 15-24. rics, garments and
furs..........22-13.
Toilet bowls ethylene oxide-carbon
mosquito breeding dioxide mixture as
places.........7-9* fumigant......22-14.
fumigation methods
Trash ......*.......22-44
habitat of house methyl bromide for
spiders.....15-24. fumigating certain
commodities ..22-17.









Circular 23 Rfrence Index 87


Vegetation (or vege- calcium cyanide
table matter) .............22
fermented as breed- choice of fumigant
ing source of .............22-22.
stable flies chloropicrin
......8-31; 17-2,3. ..........22-12,37.
sprays to control hydrocyanic acid
mosquitoes... 7-22. discoids... 22-31.
wood ticks hydrocyanic acid
..,..12-18; 21-54. gas most efficient
treatment to control ........22-15,23.
stable flies instructions 22-20.
....8-31; 17-7,8,9. methyl bromide
......21-50; 22-37.
Vermin precautions.. 22-22.
legionary ants as quickest method of
removers......15-3. controlling insect
pests........22-3.
Vines sodium cyanide and
removal for tick dilute sulfuric
control......12-16. acid........22-26.
sodium cyanide
Visitors dosage...,..22-28.
distributors of bed- temperature; time;
bugs........,*10-2. method; dosage
............22-21.
Walls (basement) Pharaoh ant a pest of
ants that breed in ................15-5.
..............15-5. prevention of termites
coal r pitch to concrete platforms
fill craoks..21-19. or ground slabs
construotion to pre- .............2-21.
vent termites treatment to control
.......2-21; 2A-5. tropical rat mite
use of termite .......15-19
shields... 2-25,26. ventilation after
fumigation....22-36.
Warehouses
creosote oil for Water
control of fleas fresh
and tiks....21-22. pyrethrum-oil
fumigation emulsion for mos-
absotion of quito control
fumigants ............79.
stored commodities
........22-23.









88 Circular 2 Reference Index


Water close-cutting to con-
mosquito control trol ticks....12-16.
airplane dusting
.............7-20. Windows
borax to prevent frame construction
breeding to prevent termites
.....7-18; 21-10. ............2-18
check up after screening for mos-
insecticidal quito control..7-21.
treatment...7-11. traps or electric
determination of grids for stable fly
acreage.....7-10. control....17-10,11.
elimination from
breeding places Wood
.............7-3. as food of termites
examination..7-11. ...........2-2; 2A-2.
fuel oil as larvi- chemically impregna-
cide.......21-34. ted (see Pressure-
impounding...7-16. treated wood)
management chemical treatment to
..........7-13,17. repel Lyctus beetles
oil as larvicide ................6-8.
..........7-18. control of Lyotus or
Paris green other powder-post
......7-19; 21-59. beetles
treatment with borax.... ....21-10.
larvicides chemical treatment
......7-18,19,20. ..............6-10.
salt cottonseed oil
emulsifiers in ............2122.
mosquito larvi- creosote oil 21-22.
cides dry or moist heat
Gardinol W.A. ...6..........-12.
....... ..21-35. fuel oil.....21-34.
Orvus W.A. immersion treat-
..........21-57. ment.........6-11.
petroleum-oil kerosene .....21-42.
emulsion mosquito lime sulfur repell-
larvicide...7-19. ent dip.....21-46.
linseed oil..21-46.
Weeds orthodichlorobenzene
breeding source of ............o56.
stable flies pentahlorophenol
*........8-31; 17-3. ...........21-60.
"17 3-
o | - -.-









Circular 23 Reference Index 69


Wood (Cont'd) heartwood
control of Lytus or iunity to
other powder-post beetle infe7staton
beetles (Cont'd) ... .........6-2.
pine oil....21-64. selection to prevent
sanitation...6-10, yts beetle in-
control of termites ion...6-5.
.*............2-30 strength compared
emoval from soil to sapwood....6-5.
contact.......... inspection to prevent
2-7,8,11,33;2A-3. Letus beetle in-
debrisa tation......6-6.
clean up or remove kinds and type subject
to control to Lyctus beetle
chicken mites atta ......... .6-2.
........19-13. methods and preserva-
millipedes tives for chemical
.........*15-31. ipregnation...2-22.
scorpions 15-28. naturally resistant
decayed (or rotting) (to termites)
ants that breed in types.........2-24.
.............15-5. uses.......2-13,22.
food of milipedes pressure-treated
......*..15 30.. companies handling
habitat of taran- ..............2-39.
tulas......15-26. factors determining
effects of otus length of service
beetle infestations .............2-22.
...........6-3,4,7. provisions concern-
evidence of termite ing use......2-23.
damage.........2-4. uses 2-13,22; 2A-4.
finished products as prevention of termite
Lyctus beetle hosts attack
.............6-2,3. creosote oil 21-22.
hardwood (products in basements..2-19.
with reference to prevention of Lyctus
Lyctus beetle in- beetle attack
festation) selection and
olasses sus- grading.......6-5.
ceptible.....6-3. sapwood
preventive adverse effect of
measures.....6-5. kerosene on..6-12.
Smtoms ...... 6-4.






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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

3 1262 09315 0018

LORARY
STATE pLx
go Circular 23 -Ref erence Index


Wood (Cant'd) attract sorewworm
espa od (Cont d) flies****...19-11,12.
chemical treatment benzene for killing
to Prevent Iggghuman bot flies and-
beetle infesa scorwworms.....21-9,
tiond.,....96-7t caused by mange mites.
susceptibility to .........19-6,8;
MLyets. beet-les disin~f*ot~ants
.......-2,5#6p7. carbolic acid
wheels and spokes ..,....2-2
subject to .Abas.'.2-1
Lyetus beetle silver nitrate
attack..-,.W.. .6 *.21-68.
prevent< inaima1s to
Wood piles axoid ea Ploppaq
habitat of black ........18-6,7.
witdow spider treatment....487
..........15 23,24. treatment*of sorew-
worm infestations
Wool (clothing) ..8-19; 18-9; 21-17.
fire ant destructive chloroform...21-17.
to ......... .. 15-4. diphonylamine
oo. ... .e 21-27.
Wounds unhealed (animals
air-bulb atomizer with)
for treatiug infes- treatment Wo control
tations in....20-6. mange ........ 19-9.
ants inject formic
acid Into.....15-3. yellow fever (see
Diseases)