Inventory of information resources and services for the U.S. House of Representatives


Material Information

Inventory of information resources and services for the U.S. House of Representatives
Physical Description:
v. : ; 24 cm.
United States -- Congress. -- House. -- Commission on Information and Facilities
United States -- Congress. -- Joint Committee on Congressional Operations
U.S. Govt. Print. Off.
Place of Publication:
Publication Date:


federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


General Note:
Printed for the use of the Joint Committee on Congressional Operations.
General Note:
Issued Dec. 1976.
General Note:
Reuse of record except for individual research requires license from Congressional Information Service, Inc.
General Note:
Reuse of record except for individual research requires license from LexisNexis Academic & Library Solutions.
General Note:
At head of title: 94th Congress, 2d session. Committee print.
General Note:
CIS Microfiche Accession Numbers: CIS 77 H962-3 (pt.2), CIS 77 H962-4 (pt.3), CIS 77 H962-5 (pt.4)
Statement of Responsibility:
House Commission on Information and Facilities.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 022408023
oclc - 03525206X
lcc - KF49
System ID:

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
    Letter of transmittal
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Table of Contents
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Architect of the capitol
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Congressional budget office
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    General accounting office
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
    Government printing office
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Library of Congress
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
    Office of technology assessment
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
    United States Senate
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
    Back Cover
        Page 63
        Page 64
Full Text



'94th Congress, 2d Session








Printed for the use of the Joint Committee on Congressional Operations




0 I Q m I




Representative JACK BROOKS, Texas, Chairman

ROBERT N. GIAIMO, Connecticut
JAMES G. O'HARA, Michigan
DON FUQUA, Florida




T mlE lot'sK.: COMMISSION 4', N I .tX- A NI I". II.I i 11<.
W wl'a i,/fgon. /V.(., Df tfftl,,.,v r. l. ,fW,.
li V. CA. Ai, .r.It/Irb
,peak'er of the Ho110c of Re ,rp'v .hfnr/,,'.
The Cap;fo01. lVil,../;h J.on, Il(.(
I)DEAR MR. I S':AKR:: The Hoiw, Comni--ion on Iliiforimiiatimn ;la
Facilities was diIre'ted by HItlouse I'- lJti()1t . 93d ('onvl.-i--. I)
study "the information J)tol(,lV of tic( Houii, of 1(,1)r,-,lltatit .
against tlhe hatc'krround of the exi-tinf iin-! ittiion s n(d se rvic,. ;I\:il--
able to the Hoese."
Tle Commission's Task Force on Information R(-, ,lr'(,- is com-
piling i an annoat( invet toryv (of sul existiq inlstiitutions '11 ( serv-
ices. The Inventorv of Information e'-ource. for the I.S. IHowi.e of
Representatives. Part II: Other Rl(ls)eures in tle Legislative Branch,
has been completed and is tranm itted herewith.
JACKi Bi("'KS. Chairman.

Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013


Washington, D.C., DLcemnber *, 1f7,?
Rayburn House Office Building,
Washington, D.O.
Dr.&i MR. CHAIRMAN: As part of our comprehensive study of the
information resources and services available to the House of Repre-
sentatives, I am forwarding herewith the Inventory of Information
Resources for the U.S. House of Representatives, Part II; Other Re-
sources in the Legislative Branch.
Chairman, Task Force on
Information Resource.s.


Letter cif transmittal to Him. Carl Albort------------------- I
Letter of r raiisniittal' to ('hiiirniaii J;ak Br'')Is__---------------------- V
Introduction ------------------------------ 1

Architect of the Capitl---------------------------------------------- 3
Art and Reference Divioin---_ ----------------------------.- *

Tasks mandated by law----------------------.------------..------ 5
Order of assistance (by law)-------------------------------------
Section 1: Information for the legislative process------------------ 6
Budget Analysis Division--------------- --------------------- 6
Fiscal Analysis Division--------------------------------- 7
Tax Policy Division----------------------------- ----- 7
Natural Resources and Commerce Division------------- 7
Human Resources and Community Development Division--..-...-
National Security and International Affairs Division---------- R
Management Programns Division (part 1)---------------------- 9
Office of Intergovernmental Relations---------------------- ------- 9
Visiting scholars program------------------ -------- -------------- 9
Publications of CBO-------------------------------- ---- ------- 9
Section 2: Information about the management of CBO------------------ -10
Office of the Deputy Director-------------------------------------- 10
Management Programs Division (part 2)-------------------------- 10
Section 3: Information about the organization and operations of CBO--.... 11
Office of the Director-------------------------------------------- 11
Office of the General Counsel------------------------------------- 11
Office of Intergovernmental Relations------------------------------ 11

Basic legislation on GAO-------------------------------------------- 13
Section 1: Information to assist Members in legislative duties---------- 13
Direct assistance:
Staff --------------------------------------- ----------------13
Briefing-s -------------------------------------------------13
Assistance on prop,>sed and pending legislation---------------- 14
Testifying at hearings-----------------------.---- --- 14
Special audits on studies-------------------------------------- 14
Leal advice------------------------------------------- ---- 14
Liaison with GAO------------------------------------------14
.elf-initiated work --------------------------------------- 14
Operating divisions:
International Division-------------- -------------- ------------15
Federal Personnel and Compensation Division------------------ 15
Financial and General Management Studies Division------------ 15
General Government Division-------------------------------- 16
Logistics and Communications Division------------------------ 16
Manpower and Welfare Division------------------------------ 16
Procurement and Systems Acquisition Division---------------- 17
Science and Teh-l nolny Siibdivi i,,n_------ ------ 17
Resources and Economic Development Division----------------- 17
Claims Division-------------------------- ------------------- 17
Field Operations Division----------------- ------------------- 18



Written communlicati(oPis and pullications------------------- ------18
Reports ---------------------------------------------------18
Staff papers and studies----------------------------- -------18
Publications lists------------------------------------------- 18
Six-months pamphlet------------------------------------- 18
Monthly list-------------------------------------------- 18
Congressional sourcebook------------------------------------ 18
Decisioins of the Comptroller General of the United States--- -_- 18
Directory of Information Systems and Souree- ------------ 19
Directory of Program Evaluations---------------------------- 19
Directory of Recurring Reports-------- ----------------------- 19
Information requirement documents------ -------- ------------- 19
KWOC (keyword out of context)------------------------------ 19
Recommendations for legislation----------_-------------------- 19
Report to Congress as required by Legislation Reorganization
Act of 1970---------------------------------------------- 19
Summaries of conclusions and recommendations on the operations
of civil departments and agencies--------------------- ------ 19
Library -------------------------------------------------------19
Other services:
Approving agency accounting systems-.----.------------- 20
Auditing nonappropriated fund activities--------------------- 20
Claim settlement and debt collection---..--------. ----------- 20
Comptroller General decisions------------------------------ 20
Transportation, questions on movement of goorls and personnel.._ 20
Cost-benefit studies----------------------------------------- 20
Examination of financial statements_---------------------- 20)
Major weapon systems acquisition studies--..------------------- 20
National Intergovernmental Audit Forum-- -------------------20
Review of rescissions and deferrals-------------------------- 21
Regulatory reports review--------------------------------- 21
Reports monitoring----------------------------------- 21
Review of audit reports of federally chartered corporations------ 21
Section 2: Information about the management of GAO------------------ 21
Comptroller General of the United States------------------------- 21
Deputy Comptroller General of the United States------------------ 21
Assistant Comptroller General for Management Services------------ 21
Section 8: Information ahout the organization and operation of GAO-.--- 21
Comptroller General of the United States------------------------- 21
Deputy Comptroller General of the United States------------------ 21
Office of the General Counsel----------------------------------- 21
Office of Program Analysis---------------------------------- 22
Office of Special Programs--------------------------------- 22
Office of the Information Officer------------------------------ 22

Section 1: Information for official duties....------------------- 23
Joint Committee on Printing----------------- -------------- 23
Planning Service Division:
Congressional Information Section-------------------------- 23
Special Services Section---------------------------------- -23
Assistant Public Printer (Superintendent of Documents)------------ 23
Document Sales Service------------------------------------- 23
Library and Statutory Distribution Service-------------------- 23
Depository library program------------------------------ 23
Depository library micropublishing project---------------- 23
Technical Information -----------------------------------.--- 24
Plant Planning Division------------------------------------- 24
Estimating Section ------------------------------------ 24
Typography and Design Division---------------------------- 24
Technical Review Section--------------------------------. 24
Electronic Photocomposition Department------------------- 24


Publications --- ------------------------- 124
G.P.O. Style Manual --- -------- ----------- 24
Word Division -------------- --------- 24
Monthly li.stinms of G.P.O. publications-- --------- 24
Night Production Manager ------- -------------- 24
Congressional Record Index Ollice--------------------------- 21
Congressional Record Clerk-Capitol ------------------------- 24
Section 2: Information albiout tlhe ,iamia.1iiient of G.P.O------------------ 24
Assistant Public Printer for Management and Administrative
Services ------------------------------------------------------
Data Systems Service-------------------------------------- 2.5
Production Department---------------------------------------
Production Manager------------- ---------------------------- 25
Night Production Man;.er -------------- -------- 2.
StL i' n 3: Inforniation on the organization and operations of the G.P.O.--. 25)
The Public Priuter---------------------------------------------- 25
Congressional Information Section-------------------------------- 25
Joint Committee on Printing-------------------------------------- 25

Setr;'n 1: Informniatin to assist Members in official duties---------------- 25
Congressional Rese:irch Service----------------------------------- 25
Research Divisions --------------------------------------- 2;
American Law Division---------------------------------- 24
Economics Division ---------------------------------- 26
Education and Public Welfare Division------------------- 26
Environment and Natural Resources Division-------------- 26
Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division ------------ 27
Government Division --------------------------------- 27
Science Policy Research Division----------------------- 2
Information Science Section--------------------------- 2-
Senior Specialists Division------------------------------- 27
Information Division ---------------------------------------- 28
Library Services Division------------------------------- 28
Reference Division ------------------------------------------ 28
Congressional Reading Room----------------------------- 28
Rayburn Reference Center and Book Room--------------- -23
Longworth Reference Center and Book Room-------------- 'J
Automated Systems ------------------------------------------ 2)
Available through SCORPIO------------------------- 29
Bill Diget files (Legislative Information Files)--- --
CRS Major Issues File------------------------------- 2)
CRS Bibliographic Citation File----------------------- 34)
National Referral Center Master File------------------- 3(J
Library o(f Congress Comiputerized Card Catalog-------- 30
ConLr' Available through CRS---------------------------------- 3I
New York Times Information Bank-------------------- 30
J URIs (Justice Retrieval and Inquiry System)--------- 31
MEDLINE ------------------------------------------ 31
Economic Mo'del of I'.S. economy byD:ita Rosonrces. In,..-__ 31
"Social Prgrains" Model by Applied Urbantecs, Inc------ 31
E)STAT------------------------------------------- 31
ATS (Automated editorial systenm)------------------- 31
Personal Consultation --------------------------------------- 31
Subject Slr'ialists-------------------------------------- .
Contracts and Consultant --------------------------------32
Seminars ----------------------------------------------- 2
Publications of CRS ----------------------------------------- 32
Multilitled reports --------------------------------------- 32
Bihlioraphies ---------------------------------------------- 32
Bill Digest ------------------------------------------ 32



Major Issues Briefs-------------------------------------- 32
Major legislation of the Congress--------------------------- 33
Legisla tive Status Checklist--------------------------- 33
Continuing Committee Prints------------------------------ 33
National Debate Topics---------------------------- -33
High school------------------- ---------------------- 33
College --------------------------------------------- 33
Other Services --------------------------------------------- 33
CRS Main Information Files------------------------ ------ 33
CIS Microfiche Library ----------------------------------- 33
Speech Drafting Assistance------------------------------- 34
Graphics -----------------------------------------------34
Translations -------------------------------------------- 34
Using CRS -------------------------------------------------34
Booklet ------------------------------------------------34
Tour and Briefing--------------------------------------- 34
Library of Congress------------------------------------- -------34
Law Library---------------------------------------------- 34
Divisions -----------------------------------------------34
American-British Law-------------------------------- 34
European Law-------------------------------------- 34
Hispanic Law--------------------------------------- 34
Far Eastern Law------------------------------------ 34
Near F.itern and African Law------------------------ 34
Services ------------------------------------------------35
Anglo-American Law Reading Room----------------------- 35
Law Library in the Capitol-------------------------------- 35
Research Department---------------------------------- ----- :-I;
Gegrapiliy and Map Division----------------------------- 36
Geograpdy and Map Readling Room-------------------- 3
Latin American, Portugi ies, and Spanish Division--------- .:;;
Hisl.aniic Society Re:lidiiing Room---------------------- 37
Manuscril)t Division--------------- ----------------------37
Maijuscript Reading Room---------------------------- 37
Music Division------------------------------------------ 37
Recorded Sound Section----------------------------- 37
Archive of Folk Song--------------------------------- 37
Archive of Folk Song Reading Room-------------- 38
Orientalia Division-------------------------------------- 38
Orientalia Reading Room----------------------------- 38
Prints and Photograph Division-------------------- ------ 38
Prints and Photograph Reading Room----------------- 39
Motion Picture Section------------------------------- 39
Motion Picture Reading Room-------------------- 39
Rare Book and Special Collections Division---------------- 39
Rare Book Readin Room---------------------------- 39
Slavic and Central European Division--------------------- 40
Slavic Room-------------- --------------------------40
Readers Service Dpartment---------------------------------- 40
Division for the Blind and Physically Handicapped-------- 40
Federal Re,,search Division---------------------- --------- 40
General Reference and Bibliography Division-------------- 40
African Section------------------------------ -------- 41
Children's Book Section------------------------------ 41
Loan Division.------------------------------------------ 41
Capitol Book Room----------------------------------- 41
Science and Technology Division----------------__---------- 41
National Referral Center----------------------------- 42
Direttories of Informaition Resources--------------- 42
Serial Division------------------ ----------------- 42
Newspaper and Current Periodical Room-------------- 43


LIBRARY OF CONGiltlSS-CouGntinued hi.
(C'opyright ( )lt -------------------------------------- 4
R ister of Co-ii --- ----------------------
lRt'flrvlte I ivisi ... ---------------------------

I lifr illa tii. ,l-Ii .1 1l P llili, .1til .lis 4 3-ti ,ii -1
Relpn-r,. ,r St.:llr h ScrI., 'l ,,- --- --_--- 1^
ilit.1!e Seci __---------------------------------- *-
CIIVIIII-iwil t. a t Serl i'1,......-----------------------------------
('(rtiiiti( i i id ( Dwioc lIelt S.4i lio --------------- 3
t;ili : Di 'i'. ---------------i ----------------- -1
,,rvitw, 'i ')i'i, ... I .. .. . . ..---------------------------41
)i' !li' (ijif ----------------------------------- -1 4
Fl{!'.va( 0 ,! d "41ir it'll- --- --------------------------- --- -1-
Fitl Control Sti ..-..-------------------------- 44
M t il i.-.'ti.--------------------------.---
R.r-rds ('(rl -ti---------------------------------- 44
:xi iiiiin i )ivi-ii ----------------------- 4
Api l,' t- -;,,Ill Bit Iteiil- Ofli''------------------------- 1
P itl)n'rw ( rk M~ i..l ^ri in-", n, t S,.,.i i<,II__ _ _ _ ____-_ *45
Plllilir,.:til l) (Pil .---- ---- ---------------- - - -
Section 2: Iiifi)riii.ti,'ii on ti(1 a:ihiii iii-I riti',i, of the Lil'r.iry ,,f Coiiz-'rtJ.-: ._ 4.
Coniresinnal t .-ar.h Strv. ,--- ------------- ---------------- I45
Di re.tIr --------.--------------------------------------- 445
Ol<-. yf C,. '-.iiniS t ;-iiil Referti--. C(- rdii-ti!i. ..------------------- 4; ir,,rtor fr l,-,- -ir---i : -i1 A i i- ___-------------------- 41
Office of A(liiiiii.-t r;itioi-_-__----------------------------------- 4;
Library of C ,,iii s_ e,_s .... 4_________-------- ----
Adlfiiii-l r.itive Dt'l irtient --------------------------------------- ;
Offi,'e of the Grouprfil Cii:--------------------------------------- 4;
Jifi-iiioitirii S'srils Ofli'e ---------------------------------- 41;
WVorkini_2 Group ,,mi A.\ 'Oi);tion-------------------------------- 40
Otli'et of Clii<'r Ititt-r1":i Aiilitr_------------------------------ 4i
T.11111 Divisi-i- ------------------------------------------------ 410
Stack i Di\'in ii----------------------------------- 47
1Prof-illi D'l,.iri i;;'-;,t- -- -------------------------------- 47
Ex,'i .i jl..- ;, ii Gift Di-vii'ii_-----_-- -------------- 47
T-,'i ,';il r,.,--,,--- -,- K '-:ui-'(-h t-- ---------- 47
M.I.\RC DeveltI'lilnct Offi'e -------------------------------- 4
Over.ea.s O)er;itions Diviin-----------------------_------- 48
Deeinm:il Cla.-siti.:ilion Division--------------------------- 4S
Catalo Mnanagem:,,nt Division------------------------------ -4S
C;italiro.- Pniliieati,,n Divkion----------_----__--- --
Cait;il,)ginw Di'-tribition Service Divisiii------------------- 4i
Serial RecordRs Division----------------------------------- 4!i
Photo Diiplieaticn' Service------------------------------------- 4
Central Services Divisin-4------------------------------------- 419
Bmdzpr Office-------------------------------------------- ---
Offiee of .A\sistaiit Director for Per:,onnel---------------------- 0
Ple. ,;:,i!. and C ( i--i;, .'tio O 'th. _.---------- ---- ---- -----
Section 3: Inf'rmati,,n :iout tIl. organization mnd opernti',iin of the
Library of Con'.'res _------------------------------------------- 0
Congre-,sional Reearc.h Service----------------------------------- 50
Offle of ,rI,';1 IPr,' ------ --------5------ ------- .'
Assi'tannt Dir'-,-t-:r f,-r Coni-r,.sinn;il Comminifer, Ri-l: tioii-,liij----- ..0
Offi,.* of the Li, iri n'i ------------------ --------- ----51I
D"-ity Lib'-iri:m of Coi,,'rr,.------------------------------------ 51
Assistant Lilbrnrian of Cnngres---51---- -- -----
Lesislative Li aison Officer--------------------------------- 5l
Federal T.ilrnry Cominmittee------------------------------------ 5i
Asi' :1 Ti! T~i~~r-. nii.'i of ('fuurs-~s for
A'nerican and TLlirnry Stidie.--------------------------
Ameririnn Folklife Cr-iitr------------- -------------------- 2


Oliver Wendell Holmes Devise ----.--------- 52
National Commission on New Technological Uses of Copy-
righted Works --------------------------------------- 52
Assistant Librarian for Public Education------------------ 52
Exhibits Office--------------------------------- -------- 52
Publications Office-------------------------- --------- 52
Information and Media Services Office---------------------- 52
Office of Assistant Director for Preservation--- ---------------- 52
Collections Maintenance Office----------------------------- 52
Preservation Microfilming Office---------------------------- 53
Preservation Research and Testing Office------------------- 53
Restoration Office ----------------------------- -----------53

Functions Mandated By Law----------------------------------------- 5
Order of Assistance (By Law)--------------------------------------- 55
Section 1: Information to assist Members in their official duties---------- 55
Director ------------------------------------------------------- 55
A-sessment Program Areas-------------------------------------- 56
Program Managers ------------------------------------------ 56
Advisory Panels -------------------------------------------56
Public Participation Section----------------------------------- 56
Library ---------------------------------------------------- 56
Publications ---------------------------------------------------- 56
Advisory Council ----------------------------------------------- 56
Section 2: Information on the management of OTA----------------------.. 56
Office of the Director----------------------------------- ---------56
Crngr.-:.ional Board------------------------------------- ------ 57
Section 3: Information about the organization and operations of OTA__ 57
Office of the Director-----------------------------.--------------- 57
T<-. rxology Assessment Board--------------------------------- 57

Section 1: Information to assist House Members in their legislative
duties ----------------------------------------------------------- 59
Ler dership ----------------------------------.-------.-------- 59
Majority Leader--------------------------------- 59)
Assistant Majority Leader-------------------------------- 59
Minority Leader------------------------------------ 59
Assistant Minority Leader-------------------------------- 59
Officials and Offices of the Senate------------------------------ -59
Parliamentarian ---------------------------------- ---------- 59
Document Room----------------------------------- ---- ----- 59
Senators and committees----------------------------------------- 59
Senate Library------------------------------------------------- 59
Section 2: Information about management of the Senate---------------- 61
S,.nate Manual------------------------------------------------- 61
Congre-sional Handbook---------------------------------------- -61
Office Management and Space Layouts----------------------------- 61
Section 3: Information about the organization and operation of the
Senate ----------------------------------------------------------61
Office of Public Records-------------------------------------- 61
Curator of Arts and Antiquities------------------------- 61
IITstrical Office------------------------------------------------ 62
Publications ---------------------------------------------------- 62


T"h,. T:- Fo-',', oTn Information Re- u ir'S of tlhe IT,,-. C,,m-
+li.--i,(n ,, Informlltion m d Id Faciliti.- a- copil.d ;i il vito'v of
infoI(WPati: t rJ,-ur'.1- :anId r-1-rvi',1 :t 1vailabe1 to,, lite MIeiii '*r- of the
Tii-i' In oiri',0 r to i.lvke t :it invelntory IaInnd a a:lle, ;ii (l t'. I 1 ,'VidI'
.Meml,mrs and their staLffs wVith tIe OV' )rtIniitv to -WIftlty ttiY li- iiL-.
it I'% 1s .livided into four '1o1 IS. Ilie fir-I iit li-ted iii-li' .p 'i' s
;Jiid ,',-,, i-,v. (I [. I),.'. -. , 1. -. ).
', ii- ,' old -,cetioli n',-mItS of information .S.vic-. and ri.-o i ,'-'
.I ;'- il.ld e l',iim tlie Arcliitect of tll,( Capitol, tlhe (o r -... ion u ; 1i_-t
( )li'ne (CBOO), the 0,.'leral Aceouiting Ofliwe (GAO). tlie dovW- liri',it
P -iiii.~:fi ();i,-ie (GIO). thell( Libl (i'y of (on:.'',.-- (L() in'1 tdi .. tie
(onr't, -ional ],<.-,. rclh S ,.rv.i' ( ( 1S), tihe Ollice of Te':!ilol,,h
A.kt'-.-i'nt (OT'A), ;tdl the 1w.nited Statv'- S.nate.
iP:Irt t1,ree contains tle listing of available e-rvices and a ..d' , the Exec(',tive B mi',' of the Feder;!l GV(oerllIe. 'Lv : t'.`
io'irth ;i't is private sector information re-ource, and' ervi' s
av11ii1able to the I-oiiow of Rep'-e-'nttiv,.
'In listing is .Trii r (,d into tiire cate ',rie, for each ;i','. cy in-
cl'.,hfd in til- document: (1) information to a:-ist Mem(,)r-z i1i tl firi
oli'-ial duties. (2) informattion on the management of that _.c
a11,, (3) information about the or,_,iiization and operations -f that
a(I!'Ic1y. Here it is not po-,ible to seplirate an office into one ite-
)r, it is li'-ted l und(ler ti mani.jor category. Within each cate(--,. the
dynamic and lovwed by the more st atic and permanent collections of information.
(,,i,;-1-io01al Budget Office and the Office of Te'hllolry -,-s-
iiment have task- n-mandated by law and the order in which*i-in,
may 1le provided is al,-o ,.t by law. Tioe.e are listed in the Y. 1i'.'n1"
of thle locatedd listings for t ,i.-:i aenciekt. The Gei,.',al Aw 'tu nt il:
Ollice liai a nmuber of respoi,-ibilities set by law but th.i-., ar.. iio as
Cre4tri'tivi a- tio,-(, for tL,, CBO and OTA. Th:.-c r.:p,,n'l'ilities ar',
]i.-ted im(lder GAO. Tie majority of contacts with the IOibf.1y of
(Congre<- will be with tl(e R-:,,arch Service. B 1 Viise of
tbi- fart, this do,.',cent li-ts the information serv.eies aind1 rinirc..
of CTS first, under each of thie three cateLoriv.: followed by ` ;ioY( 1i* *h
tlite other units of the Library of CG 'res.-_-.


"I'le ofic,' of tiln Archit.c't of the (Capitol, provide's inforlini$io,
ti on in elch of tile three ate,,ori.-: i.-ist;aI'U to Meirilklrs in il..i-lia-
tive du tie., man ia-t' nent of the (Capitol, and organization and opera-
tion of the Capitol. The Art and IR ference Division of the Architect's
()Olie provide li, muc assislalce in thle ar:i of mainteniiice of the
(Capitol's hlistory.
Tle ArIchite(-'t of the Capitol i:- responlsible for tlhe care, nmainite-
nance, and improvement of all (C'apitol Grounds and buildilius (includ-
in s4 ructiira 1and mechanical care). Oni request. the Architect's Office
will assist Menlibers and comml)ittc.,'- witli tlie d(Iraifting of lei-lation
pertainingr to planning. construction, and renovation of congressional
bliildin,,. AY-sistance will also be given for the designing of Member's
biil il k ,?_ !5em el
nid committee s offices for space utilization.

The Art and Reference ID)ivision. of the Arehbitect's ()Office. under the
direction of the .Joint Committee on the Library, is responsible for the
caring, protecting, and placing of works of art. exhibits, and historic
objects in the Capitol. Tihe major responsibility of this division lies in
tlhe maintenance of tlhe history of the Capitol through its documents
and artifacts.


( R I. ,F 1.',1:1'\ 'I (B LAW )
THie Collre'-sioial1 Bud2et ()fie ((CBO() w;s cv(,ai.d by te 11u111lrtt
an,,d Ilpo mlleIhnenIt Control Act of 1974 (Public Latw 93;-34 4. ) l ii.- Act
i.-ablisliel :ill oriel.r in ,which cojlllitt'c': and t .Mei lbis are to l :".c 6 ,
IY the Co (lliressiu:nal i1ud4't Ollic. Tlic order is as follows:
(1) In eTlieral, provide inforli.ition to tl,, Ioi,.11Ise and ]Setlate
Budjret Conmiittt. on il :11l matters within their jurisdiction
(- U.ZS.C.0 2( ), (a)(a)).
(2) (On i rivli-t. provide information to the appropri'iting aId
taxin" cmmitte,.- (2 U.S.C. ('2t(b), (.2) (b)).
()On rt'ue-t of any other committee, provide infonnu(t ion ,ll(i-
pile'l, inder niiin1),rs (1) :nd (2) aindl to u,. extent pratdti-:0;i1e
:ddlition:,1 infor:n.ition which may 1,'e reqe.tfd, ('d U.S.('.
1;,42(c) (1), (20_2)(c)(1)).
(4) ()n refie4t of a Mn.ilier, provide inforiii:tion compiled vindor
nflhi,,rs (1) anld (2) ;(nd to the extent avait1able :id.litionil
information which imay 1b, re iei,-ted (2 I7.S..( ( 2(c) ,)
(*J2(c) (2)).
In addition to t.i.- estlai 1&ihed order for service, the CongresS-lion.l
Budget O(,ie is mandattd by tlhe Budg'et and Impoundmen0t Control
Act to perform certain tasks. which also places some restrictions. on the
ability of the taiff to assist Meniber.- min their information neeIs. How-
ever, tlie end pro uNt- of tle:-.e tasks are information reso()rm:, a'and tarc
described in this report. The following is a list of those tasks:
(1) Assume the duties a-nd functions formerly performed by the
Joint Coiiiiittee on Rediiction of Federial Expenditure-
(sco-rekeepin!.), 2 U.S.C. 602 (c), [202( (e)],see also31 U.S.C.
(2) on or before April 1, furnish to tlhe Budget Com-
mittees a report on fiscal policy for the next year, to include
a discussion of alternative levels of revenues, budget author-
ity, outlays and tax expenditm res. plus alternative allocations
among major programs and functional categories, all in the
ligrlt of major national needs and the effect on "balancedl
growth and development of the United States." 2 U.S.C.
6(02(f) (1), [202(f) (1)].
(3) Fromn time to time, furnish the Budget Committees such
further reports as "may be necessary or appropriate", 2
U.S.C. 602(f) (2) [202(f)(2)].
(4) Develop and maintain filing, coding and indexing systems
for all informal ion obtained by CBO from the Executive
Branch or from other agencies of the Congress. 2 U.S.C.
603(b), [203(b)].
(5) With respect to each committee bill providing new budget
authorityv, furnilsh to the reporting committee for its con-
sideration: (a) a comparison of the 1)bill to the most recent



concurrent resolution on the budget, (b) a 5-year projection
of outlays associated with the bill, and (c) the amount of
new budget authority and resulting outlays provided by the
bill for State and local governments, 31 U.S.C. 1329(a) (1),
(6) With respect to each committee bill providing new or in-
creased tax expenditures, furnish to the reporting committee
for its consideration: (a) a report on how the bill will affect
the levels of tax expenditures most recently detailed in a con-
current resolution on the budget, and (b) a 5-year projection
of the tax expenditures resulting from the bill, 31 U.S.C.
1329(a) (2), [308(a) (2)].
(T) Periodically, issue a scorekeeping report on the results of
congressional actions compared to the most recently adopted
concurrent resolution on the budget, plus status reports on
all bills providing new budget authority or changing rev-
enues and the public debt, 31 U.S.C. 1329(b), [.08(b)]
(8) Annually, "as soon as practicable after the beginning of each
fiscal year," issue a 5-year projection of budget authority
and outlays, revenues and tax expenditures, plus the pro-
jected surplus or deficit, year by year, 31 U.S.C. 1329(c),
(9) Prepare "to the extent practicable," a 5-year cost estimate
for carrying out any public bill or resolution reported by
any committee (except the two appropriating committees),
31 U.S.C. 1353, (403).
(10) Jointly study with 0MB, but separately report, on the feasi-
bility and advisability of year-ahead budgeting and appro-
priating, the report to be made by February 24, 1977, 31
U.S.C. 1020 note, [502(c)].
(11) Cooperate with the Comptroller General in the development
of standard fiscal terminology, 31 U.S.C. 1152(a)(1),
[801(a)], (Sec. 202(a) (1) of the Legislative Reorganiza-
tion Act of 1970).
(12) Cooperate with the Comptroller General in developing an
inventory of fiscal information sources, providing assistance
to Congress in obtaining information from those sources and
furnishing, on request, assistance in appraising and analyz-
ing information so obtained, 31 U.S.OC. 1153(b), [801(a)],
(Sec. 203 (c) of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970).
(13) With the Comptroller General, establish a central file or
files "of the data and information required to carry out the
purposes of this title." 31 U.S.C. 1153(c), 801(a), (Sec.
203(c) of the Legislat;re Reorganization Act of 1970).
The Congressional Budget Office is organized by Divisions, each
working closely with committees and Members of Congress.
BPudget A nalys;s D iision
The Budget Analysis Divisions primary responsibility is to insure
that accurate and comprehensive budget information is available to

the Congress in support of the budget cycle as defined in tlie Blid-et
and Ihpoiundlnent Control Act of 1974. 'Tllhe I divisionn is divided into
two groups.
(1roup One of tllis D)ivi.-ion prepal'res. ana;lyzL5. amd traok. buil id-'t
estimates; prepares thlie periodic rep orts comparing congresioi l
actions affecting tlie bud*,tet withlill tlie limits of tlhe concu-lrre t res,-
Iution, tlhe PIreid(ent's bludagett aiidl otliir indexes of ( ov(lrn'eii Clt aic-
tivity; undertakes cost analysis of pending legislate ion; preyl -rs f5-vr.
projects of congressional budget t atio; provides analy-vs.s of idt-'et
authority and outlay estim ales froi tlie current services 1djlgct .iih-
mitted by the President, ijnllsres the accuracy of these e'-]itmi t<., anid
pr(ovide(s comparisons to prior year budgets.
1`1C second group of tl uli(l..get A.alysis Division is concer:,Nrl
with the budget process, budget concepts, and tle automa di 1td inforniia-
tion system. It assumed CBO's statutory responsibility is in the areas
of budget terminology (Section 502), studying the fei.ibility of ad-
vance appropriations (Section ;(f2(c)), and support to the budget
committees in their continuing studies of additional budget reform
proposals (Section 703). In addition, this group is responsible for tle
development and improvement of the automated system for meeting
budget information needs of the Congress and for undertaking tlhe
legislative classification work relating the budget to authorizing
Fl.raq A.a.h7ysp Dp ; 's;o
The Fiscal Analysis Division analyzes the condition of tlhe econ-
omy, including inflation, unemployment, production, income, and
credit. They prepare forecasts of tlhe economic future and develop
measures of how the future would be altered by various economic poli-
cies or development. The division staff produces information on tihe
economic outlook over the next several years., including quarterly proj-
ects of major economic aggregates, written reports, testimony, brief-
ings, etc. The staff draws on at least four kinds of information:
(1) Current information about the economy,
(2) Current information about economic policies.
(3) Forecasts from econometric models and other" sf'urves, and
(4) Policy "multipliers" modifying these forecasts on the ba-is
of alternative economic policies.
Tax Policy DPi. 'on
Tlhe Tax Policy Division is responsible for revenue estimation,
analysis of tax expenditures. and studies of the incidence of alternative
tax structures. The division consists of two subunits. The receipt and
distribution group works closely with the Joint Comnminttee on Inteni'al
Revenue Taxation and Treasury, and prepares tlhe revenue and receipt
estimates required in the CBO annual report (Scction 2(2(f) and the
5-year projection (Section 308(c)). The tax expenditure group car-
ries out tax expenditure analysis required for new tax expenilitu re
legislation (Section 308(a) and the annual report, and works closely
with the House Ways and Means Committee. tlie Senate Finance Coln-
mnittee, and the House and Senate Budget Committees.
atual IerO-esure., anf Commd. -o r(D;,,rl;.,o,
The Natural Resources and Commerce Division prepares compre-
hensive analyses of possible budget alternatives in the areas of energy,

environment, natural resources, science, agriculture and rural develop-
ment, commerce, transportation, and communications. Working with
comminittee members and their staffs, the division provides Congress,
in the annual report and other studies, with a range of budget options
in each area, with analysis of their implications and their interrela-
tionships. The division expects to provide congressional committees
with careful assessments of potential budgetary problems and alter-
natives, not just in regard to the upcoming fiscal year, but projected
for ward for several years into the future. Finally, the division pro-
vides information and conducts special studies at the request of the
budget committees and other committees and Members.
Hlunan I?,.nourc,' and Commrunity Dee lopmnent Division
This division provides policy analysis of major program and budget
allocation choices facing the Congress and its committees in the fol-
lowing areas:
(1) Income Assistance-including Social Security, Supplemental
Security Income, Public Assistance, Unemployment Insur-
ance, Pension Benefits, including Railroad Retirement, Food
Stamps, Child Nutrition, etc.;
(2) Education and Employment-including all federally assisted
education programs, Comprehensive Employment and Train-
ing Act programs, Public Service Employment, Vocational
Rehabilitation, Employment Service, Workmen's Compensa-
tion, Work Incentive Program, occupational health and
safety, etc.;
(3) Health and Veterans' Affairs-including Medicare, Medicaid,
possible Health Insurance Programs, the development of
health resources, such as health professionals and health
maintenance organizations (HMO's), federally financed
health service delivery programs, safety and health regula-
tory activities, biomedical rese:irch; the V.A. compensation
and pension, education and health programs will be reviewed
in conjunction with their relationship to similar programs
for the general population;
(4) Community Development and Housing-including housing
programs, Community Development Act programs, regional
and area economic development activities, disaster assistance,
and public safety and law enforcement assistance.
The division prepares analyses in these areas as part of the CBO
annual report and also does special studies for the budget committees
and other committees.
National Security and International Affairs Division
The National Security and International Affairs Division carries
out studies and analyses of budget matters relating to the defense
establishment and international economic programs. The division
analyzes budget alternatives in these areas for inclusion in the CBO
annual report (as required by Section 202(f)),and is responsible addi-
tionally for special studies. The division consists of two groups, the
first concrms itself with defence, arms control and intelligence budget
issues. The responsibilities of this group includes special efforts to look
sufficiently far into the future to provide the Congress with informa-
tion to support force structure and procurement decisions. The second

"l011p exallilnes the()i ]p:iCt the cvoolmill, y ;i,1 1 'n t 'he c1e:r', 111iLe .,t
(a foreign i prot.,re a s. : c:iw as ,i m-ni od- ity A'd,-,ir,,. ~. 1 fo riii il, lbirilT
l1111(l S illl-**] 4,1 'l I I' .' lTV 'lI I I k I .

.jfijiitil1 //// lit* Prtwi'diin s Dn'i;s;lfi
'The s .L1ig1,elyI,,t, P' ,,l-, Ill,1 D ivi-ion l a di l role ":I'ie
Col,_,Te-,sional Bu tdget )Oice. l''irst, thle division pI ,,vid,- iiit i.-l
!illinini-trati\\' andl inrt aL,,-enient. :'Ilq~),,t :.'rm 'i,.,-. ;fii for i~iifor iition
il tliis r'!ar'l :'' t0 .'ti(i 2 of () is ri)epoit on the C(1 ).
TIli<1 Mairim-.m'ii iiit I'Vroi!fr 1)s Divi-io ('xc'it-C- ;- 4id olicr' 1Iajo(
ri'spolsilility as one of tile proI'o1A I" ;1 ;i.lysi. tiivi si,,l-'. It ';irti(:ii;it.-s
inl (T'1)( pro i':,iiiini:tic ;ictivit .,s in tsi, si,1nifi, int ,i -. the
division providli'.- iiiforinntioii nd anaIly-er of lti' -,LruierIl ,r"ov r:inient
p) o041 ;1t-- (<-.,i d Iy thv 1 C ivil Servi'ce ( ,)ilill i,, (,,ii. e ;1l
Servi.-'es Adniiniistratio, 1 o- al tr'vi', Ti.i.iy I)ep; t iht, .id
ot lher similar :ILrII'-ih. The division ;1.-o ,induicts studi.-,4 of tlte bud,,, t
is-Ies involved in overii( \vide ori,;aii/iztion1. Iiii)po/cr /tili /:a-
tion, executive braitch rt., rgaiization. r,.1-idilat(ory pro,,r.iii liiia .i '-
inent, and other broad management areni-.

The Office of Inter governmental Relations :.-erves as the <.iliunica-
tioiis center and the point of contact with the Congre--s, external
organizations, and the news media.
One of the office functions is to provide Member.- of the Coiir-ess
with timely and substantive re.poinses to inquiries concerning grenieral
bii hget issues and CBO reports and studies.
This office coordinates requests from State and local Qoverlnments,
national organizations, educational institutions and interest group:.-
In that regard, this otice is establishing a dialog with State and local
government officials to assist them in under-t:nding the coiigre-.ioial
budget process and receiving Federal budget data.
This office also provides the editorial support to assist the other divi-
sions of CBO with preparation of reports and other imamii-'Tipts for
The Visiting Scholars Programi gives CBO acess to the talents of
,-holars throughout tlhe Country who are not able to come to Wash-
in gton permanently.
lThe Congressional Budget Office publishes v ariois types of docu-
iniients which can iee divided(l into seven groups.
.aj(or CBRO R' parts
(AI) Budget Opt b,.o for Fi'-,,l te r 19-. ThIis reljort i- )prel'ared
by (CBO for tlhe Committees on the Bu(l(get pulrsuant to S.-ttion "')2(f)
of the Congress-ioiial Bud(et Act of 1974 (P.L. 93-314). It i.: to l)e
available to the Budget Committees on or before April 1st of eahi
year. The fiscal year 1977 document is divided into three parts; a
Summary, a section dealing with the economy and the import nt
budget issues for that, nand a lliinr Ipntt a ,hich vxaaninl-
in moro detail major bHlget optiol- aid tl,.ir, lon_,r teilin iTmpact.


(B) Five-Year Budget Projertionms.-The CBO is required bv Sec-
tion 308(c) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (P.L. 93-344) to
i-iwe a report, as soon as practicable after the beginning of each fiscal
year, making a 5-year projection of completed Congressional
Bu11dl(.et action. The first report made projections for fiscal years 1977
tIhrough 1981.
P' epors. on State of the Economy
Issued periodically by the IDivisions at CBO are reports on the
state of the economy. Three such reports have been issued. The first
w.s "Inflation and Unemployment: A Report on the Economy,"
issued June 30, 1975, the second was "Recovery: How Fast and How
Far?", issued September 17, 1975, and the third was "Sustaining a
Balanced Expansion," issued August 3, 1976.
Te.t.'monoy and P/',.sw? Relem.rq,
The Congressional Budget Office periodically issues press releases
summnarizmng reports of the CBO and testimony of Director Rivilin
before Congressional committees. Also available from CBO are copies
of 1)i vector Rivilin's testimony.
B](f(1ground Papers
Background papers dealing with topics that are considered of
interest to the Congress and that potentially could affect the economy
or the Federal budget are issued at irregular intervals by CBO.
Twelve such papers have been issued so far.
Staff TVoiJdkdi, Pape'rs
Staff working papers are prepared by individual staff members of
CBO either in reply to a congressional request or to provide data
to assist in reading and interpreting budget material.
Sc'0ore ( heping Reports
TIhee reports are required by Section 308(b) of the Coingressional
Buidget Act of 1974 (P.L. 93-344). They contain information on tlhe
status of Congressional action on the budget.
J1/ ;ce ula eo0S Reports
TPe CBO undertakes studies on budget related issues at the request.
of Congressional committees.
lThe Deputy Director assists the Director in the overall management
of the Congressional Budget Office and coordinates the preparation
of CBO's annual report on budget alternatives.
The Manwireirent Programs Division fulfills a dual role in CBO.
Firi', the division provides internal adiiii.itlrative and management
support services for all other components of CBO. These activities
include per-onnel l ement. financial services, library services for
the professional stallff (and the public, as required in Section 203),
contracting, computer support, and office services. The division also

prepares; the CBO(-Iy0 ann alll] b d ettll1 t~t. estab i.-,hes and m- )tj-a ,,.a(1,s ;in1 intern-:rl
bll,.dIet control system. mtid ptIrepares. overnight report.-s for tit, (directl4r
to tilt bul re't coniinittcts.
Informuitioni with regard to the ot her role of the .MAna1m(otm'ienit
Divi:ionl is contaillet, il .lc'tion 1 of tlii- report on (11(0, un'er tlie
SF'TIrON 3 : INFrI:M.l.TI(No .\ 0i-rT TIlE OI:;.\NIZATIO.N AND
O'RiA.\TIios OF' CB(O

Oi-'i('E OF THIIE DI)I;:( "'I'
Tli Director of thec (oniTeT.-sional Iudtlet.t ()li',-e is rt.-ponsible for
tlie overall plannimi, and direction of t1 lie programs, services and
operalt ins of the ollice.
()F"I'(' OF THEi (;EN]'.1AL COUNSEL,
Thei Geieral Coiunsel for the Cotgressional Budget Office' interprets
:applicable statutes., a alyz.I s proposed leri-lation, over.-e, pr,'cure-
m'nt action, and is the senior adviser on policy issues.

The Office of Intergovernmental Relations serves as point of contact
with CBO. For full explanation of this office see tlhe lijtiug for this
Ili('c under Section 1 of this report on CBO.

IllAsIc lL;.I.A ION (N ( A )
'lTh, (iol,.r:il AccounitilIL.- O( ti0e w;is ce:ieti1 .1IS "1an :1i111 of thile (uii-
,_,e--" bv thleC ei:i--tmt ent of tlt, Bi 2,t ;iiil A ',u im li A.t of I1ht2 .
,0I C 1, 1,,, / ,,,/, .-hlbliab ih ll-n(g the i f t:ll,, i,,n- 1- cont1,iim,',d
-t h, ]idiet aii Account in k( Act of 1921, appriovet. June 10,
1921 (vI 1. -12 Sit. 3." U.S.C. 41)
-the Gov,-rzi ment ('or i-'tio)II Control Act, iapl)ro'Vl Dc,.emuicr
6, 1945 (Public Laaw 79-248. 59 Stat. 5)97, 31 U.S.C. 841);
-Section 20() of the Leislative Reorcaniization Act of 1916,
apl)rovel 2, 19t16 (Public Law 79-601, 60 Stat. 837,
:1 U.S.C. (w),
-the Budluet and Accounting,,. Procedures Act of It)50, approved
Septeinler 12. 1950 (Public Law 81-784, Title 1, pt. II, sec-.
110-11S, 64 Stat. 834, 31 U.S.C. 65-67);
-the Legii-lative Reorgaiiizaition Act of 1970, approved October
26. 1970 (Public Law 91-510, 84 Stat. 1140, 31 U.S.C. 1154.
-the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of
1974, approved July 12, 1974 (Public Law 93-344, 88 Stat. 297,
31 U.S.C. 1301); and
-the General Ac'ounting Office Act of 1974, approved Jan-
uary 2, 1972 (Public Law 93-604, 31 U.S.C. 52c).
A compilation of laws relating to the functions and jurisdiction of
SGAO through January 1973 is available from the agency. Tihe docu-
miient is currently being updated.

The General Accounting Office provides. diret ,. s Stfance to the
Congress in a number of ways.
GAO staff may be temporarily assigned to committees and sub-
GAO maintains a professional staff at tlie Capitol to audit various
revolving funds, other House and Senate activities, and private or-
ganizations operating on the Capitol Grounds. This staff also helps
with management, financial, and administrative problems when asked
by officers of the Congress.

To expedite availability of information or to imeet ot1ler ncrd.
their findin,_s Leav 1,e comln, iiicatcd1 to conlress.-ionwl committee., and
Mem bwrs of Cmirkc--, anl staffs thrmi-ghi ,ril pre '-ntatioI-. Tlii:.
technique is beili used witli inciva-iiL, fr.,c' iincv.
71-24 P.-,---4

ailo Pi'opo., d and Peuinag Legislaton
Advice and assistance to Members and committees with regard to
proposed legislation and drafts of legislation and reports on pending
legislation are provided by GAO.
Ti(.'f1yivg at I7earings
When requested, GAO will testify at committee hearings, or -iilmit
inaterial for the record.
Sp, I- ,ia1 Audits or Studies
GAO may be requested to perform special audits or studies by in-
dividual Members or by committees. Such requests are to receive
priority consideration and these requests are complied with to the
extent practicable within the limitations of GAO staff resources and
other work requirements.
Legal Advice
Formal and informal legal advice and assistance; GAO's views on
contractual, isc.l, and administrative provisions of law; and GAO's
views on administrative regulations are available upon request.
The Office of Congrixssional Relations serves as the communications
and coordination link between the General Accounting Office and the
Members and committees of Congress. The Office is under the direct
supervision of the Deputy Comptroller General and the functions are:
-coordinate GAO work to meet and anticipate the needs of the
committees and Members of Congress,
-keep the committees informed on information developed by
their operation divisions,
-determine committee interests and to consider them in planning
their audit programs,
-provide personal attention to the inquiries and requests of
individual Members of Congress and committees,
rrange for testimony to be given before congressional

In some instances, legislation includes a requirement that GAO make
specific studies or audits. According to the GAO, over half of their pro-
fessional staff resources are required to do the audits which they ini-
tiate under this basic legislative authority, of the programs, activities,
and financial operations of Federal departments and agencies and their
contractors and grantees. In programming this self-initiated work, GAO
examines agencies and programs which they feel are of the highest con-
cern to the Congress and attempt to foresee future needs.

The workload of GAO is divided among the agency's nine operating
diisionsf and its regional offices. These divisions have Government-
wide responsibility for assigned programs or functions. Twenty-six

issie areas have l1,el, identified by GAO( and as-igie,., to ilivil.-i(AI-
whiclh are to have leal-division or prilliay re-..-Jl.onsibility foi,,r w,, i in
Ithese' at'eas.
Istf ,mi',,,,,l+, D,,i^'f.,,i
The' Internatioiial 1)ivisioi( devtelops a.and exeC.,lt ..s woIk pl :!d
audit pror1,rams. for all ( overnmn i t pro g,:a i Inil initernl.tiolalI
(.11aarttt'' anIId ffor rel'\ean t eleIeIts of delplrtinvts ad ( agenies- ad-
iministerin, tl these interiitiotttal 1,t gia 'ril. "This work inc'lu, les review .-
of (ovenrncieiit particip ation il (1) dlolll illista pri ii-.
lboth LDilatttral a:111d ( ittltilatc6rtl (2) intertnational t'adl olletary, .1dil
fina'mcial activities. : and (3) (,oIveniment functiotns v1.latii[m, to fo'ei',11,
lo]icy and security. ThIIe audit work extends to the IpI)UaI't, I tIII of
State, A.gency for Internatiional D)evelopmiit., United States Infonrma-
I ion Agency, Over.-eas Plivate I iive,-t Plt (.ItCorpioratioln. IEx,,rt-
11111ort lBank. Al is Co(ntrol Disarmaeniiit A ,wtny, and the inter-
Iat1t ouial activities of te ( lio the ofa I 1arement(i anid BudIget and tle
I)epartmiienits of culture. Co('o0imcrce, Post Off l'e. Deft ist. ad11 the
A.P itdcoverage of i1terTnatitonal prog.'Is ls exte1ded(.s oversea.s Iyv
thlie staffs of the Fart Ea-t Branch, with lIadquarters in Honolulu,
IH[awaii, and the lBranch, with headqmIarters in F'ran kfurt,
Gernilanv. The Saigmion office of the Far Eas.t Branch wva. elos I and
its responsibillities were tranwsferred to the Bangkok olTice iwi l)e 'ei ber
1973. They also have anI office in Panama City.
Fe ~lo)v / 7 Pe rs o n7 1 Thie Federal Personnel and Compeiia/Ition Division is respon-,ible
for GAO's audit work relating to Governimient programs and activities
for managing and eompeinsating Federal workers. This include- but
is not limited to:
-personnel requirements anld filling those retirements;
-employee development through training, education, and career
management programs:;
-use and retention of employees;
-Federal pay, fringe benefits. and retirement; and
-emptloyee relations, including equal employment opportunity
program, labor-managrement relationships, social respon-hibilitvy
programs, and morale anl welfare activities (nonappropriated
fund activities).
F;',aic-t'a tafd Giuewral J/a'g,-a um, 0f Studii,. DXi&4'it
Tlhe Financial and General Management Studies Division las- the
following principal functions:
-providing expert teclinioal and adlvisory nei-vices in the fields of
automatic data proe-:-ingr, systems analysis, actuarial science,
and statistical science.
-particip):ating in the Joint Financial Managtecnt Improvement
-helping Government a.Lren-ies develop accountinI -3v-tern- tiat
meet the pri ,iplis and standards pre-cril)ed( by tlie Comptr'o1,ler

-reviewing agency accounting systems in operation for conform-
ity with tlhe Comptroller General's accounting principles and
standards; and settling the accounts of accountable officers, ex-
cept for military disbursing officers.
-reviewing automatic data processing activities or programs on
a Government-wide basis.
-promoting the improvement of auditing of Federal and fed-
erally assisted programs at Federal, State, and local levels of
-reviewing the internal audit systems of Federal agencies.
General Governrnent Division
The General Government Division is responsible for carrying out
auditing and reporting functions in the Departments of Commerce,
Justice, and the Treasury; the judicial and legislative branches of the
Government; the U.S. Postal Service; the District of Columbia Gov-
ernment; the Small Business Administration; certain regulatory agen-
cies; and various other agencies and commissions. The Division is also
responsible for audit activities relating to Federal, State, and local
interorgovernminental relations, general revenue sharing programs and
Federal statistical systems.
Logistics and Communications Div vision
The Logistics and Communications Division is responsible for the
audit of logistics and communications activities in the Department of
Defense and the General Services Administration and for related poli-
cies and practices throughout the Government. It is also responsible
for auditing the activities of the Office of Telecommunications Policy,
Executive Office of the President, and all Government functions related
to printing and publications, and including the Government Printing
This Division has audit cognizance over (1) cataloging and stand-
ardization activities, (2) supply management effectiveness through
reviews of the requirements for, and the receipt, storage, distribution,
and disposal of, materials and equipment, (3) the repair and mainte-
nance of equipment and components, (4) the acquisition and manage-
ment of facilities, (5) the readiness of active and reserve military
forces. (6) the management of Government industrial facilities, (7)
the acquisition and operation of communications and data processing
systems, (8) transportation and traffic management activities, and (9)
supporting activities, such as food service, records management, and
printing and publishing operations.
Manpfo, er a; d We Ifare D vision
The Manpower and Welfare Division is responsible for auditing
manpower, health, education, and income security operations and pro-
gramins administered by the Department of Health, Education, and
Welfare; Department of Labor; National Science Foundation; Com-
munity Services Administration; Equal Employment Opportunity
Commission; Legal Services Corporation; Consumer Product Safety
Commission; ACTION; Corporation for Public Broadcasting; health
programs of the Department of Defense and the Civil Service Com-
mis:-ion; Railroad Retirement Board; Veterans' Administration; Na-
tion:al Labor Relations Board; Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation;
and Fedclernal Mediation and Conciliation Service.

1;i'ocu'II' DlH'lit ,itn Sff-if ii* A"'y /.- ti ~ '.. Teii Procurmi',e'nt and Sy)temi s Acqlli.-itioln Divisi-ll i I.-l i,,-ibl
for auditing, all (overnIllent 1't'ltproc'uremenIt operations. includiintfir hi
procIIremeIIICIt an1d related research 'lai dcvelopeIIVnt f1neti,,l- for ,,
IaLjor a C(qluiSitio s as, I weapon systems ill tine Deparitm't- ol )fDcfei,-e
and s'stemiis of comparable complexity in civil depa rIietil,,. .( ai
age I nces.
Pr'ocur Feimenit pr1gramfs and activities falling wit lih lin e division 's
j urisdiction art' atdliniiistered l ,rIZely by components of the Depart-
,ment of Defense. National Aeronaut is and Space Admiinistration,
Energy Research Development Admiinistra ttion (Weapon Pr-ouie-
ment), and Gen'ral Services Administl'ation (Federal Supply S-;trv-
ice). These ageIcies are responsible for most of the procurem111int dollars
represented by the Federal budget. The Division, however, is concen-
tratting an mincrea-ing amount of its resources and efforts on multi-
agency and Government-wide reviews.
Sci'nce and( Tcehnology Subdirhsion
The Science and Technology Sulidivision is respon-ible for (1) re-
view of ii--ion-related rc-earch and development of the ID)ep:ir ient
of D)efei-e and tlie military services, the National Aeronaut ir.> and
Space Admii-istration. andi the Nuclear Regulatory Agency (mnilitary-
related effort) and (2) reviews into and functional cogi. Ili-' of ,o-
ernment-wide science and te,'lnology matters.
The subdivision is responsible for work of the Division related to
all aspects of research and development and science and techlilology:
-national science policies and goals, priorities, strategy and allo-
cation of research and development resources.
-tlhe p)lan1ning, generation, application, and ultimate impact of
introducing technologies.
-inanagemenit of federally sponsored research and development.
Thle Deputy Director of the Science and TechnoloOgy Sibdlivi-ion is
rel)ponisiblle for activities relating to the Ofli e of TecL-hjology A--'-
Ie including direct as-i:.tance to the Comptroller Genevu' in ,ui rI'-,
ing out his dutieS as a member of the Technolol Al-s--,ii Advisory
Resources and Econoi ic Development Divisio
The Resources and Economic Development Division is m,'ip,.-ible
for audit work at the Departments of Agriculture, Housing and Ur-
ban Development, Interior, and Transportation, the DeplartImIIet of
the Army, Corps of Engineers (civil functions), Energy Res,4ai'ch
and Development Administration, Nuclear Regcilatory C(9 ni.m-sion,
Federal Power Conmmission, Environmiental Protection Agency,
Tennessee Valley Authority, and various commissions, board:., a1d
councils. It is also responsible for audit activities involving inter-
relationships among all Federal departmentt, agelicies, and programs
concerning water resources, the environment, housing and community
development, land use, and transportation.
Clanims Diviion
This Division previously was called the Transportation alnd ('laiis
Division. However, the General Accounting Office Act of 1974 pro-
vided for transfer of GAO transportation rate audit function to tlhe

(,nleral Services Admiiiin istration. This transfer was accomplished
formally on October 12, 1975. Therefore this Division was renamed
the Claims Division on October 24, 1975.
The Claims Division is responsible for settliiing and adjudicating
all general claims and de,;'.nds by or against the United States. In
settling these claims, it furnilshes technical support and other assist-
ance to the Department of Justice in its prosecution or defense of
suits in which the United States is a party.
This Division also reviews, evaliates. and reports on the claiils
settlement and debt collection activities of Government agencies and
assists agencies in improving their effectiveness in these activities.
F/eld Operations Division
Thie Field Operations Division, through its headquarters staff and
regional offices, performs accounting and auditing work assigned by
the directors of all GAO operating divisions. In addition. it is re-
sponsible for audits assigned under the Government Corporation Con-
trol Act and similar legislation and for audits of the four military
finance centers.

Reports.-GAO issues reports to comply with statutory require-
ments, to call attention to important matters requiring or warranting
action by the Congress. and to communicate useful information on
matters of interest to the Congress. Reports are also prepared to ful-
fill requests from congressional committees and Members of Congress.
Staff Papers and Studies
GAO staff papers, issue papers, discussion briefs and staff studies
may be given to Members and staff in addition to GAO's regular re-
porting format when considered appropriate.
Pi ,')icatiaons Lists
The General Accounting Office provides two publications lists.
A List of Reports is published every 6 months and contains a listing
of Comptroller General reports to the Congress published during the
last year, congressional testimony and speeches by the Comptroller
General and other GAO officials, and other GAO publications.
A monthly List of Reports is sent to each Member's office and pub-
lished in the Congre-sional Record. Each list shows the report title,
date of release, GAO file number, and identity for the described activ-
ities. Brief dige.ts of the reports to thle Congrr's or committees are also
Congi-essWional soi'ccbook.-A directory of Federal budgetary, fis-
cal, and program-related information sources planned as a regular pe-
riodical publication to improve the Congress awareness of and access
to executive agency information.
Dcisio)s of the Comptrollcr Genecral of the United Stalcs.-In-
formation on obtaining copies of these reports can be found in Gen-
er7 Alccount;ng Offic(, PTblWcatons. In addition, all published deci-
sions of the Comptroller General, together with digests of all unpub-
I ish id decisions, have been programed and are machine accessible from
Itle Air Force'.; computer research program. Fed,.ral Legal Informia-
tion Tirou-gh Electronics.


I ;,'.i ,foi f/ of ,i o 'ff ^'/fn/;. *',,, .. f fi,,J &,/..f. //,. d ./i'ftor f/ of ,,','h ''
' ,'/,1aU toth ,," '1N id11 ih ,rf'ctfiy" of ','. ',i r< >o/'/A..-Thlr -I pd' pub-
lic:ltion-, to e1 i--.led on an : illiiil rev iTfrinLr :i:i-. 'The inf<>ri:::tiiii for
tln.-,e (Governmllent-wide it vvillto' i t-, will IL -tored ill :a '(Ipilter ul:it;
lase complri-'d of three file's. Tiln dita base will w1 ,li:iiiiaiiltand i iillp-
dlated at least annually and will -irve aiv ;i info-; ;,tion r,.-,,,,iJ, to,
U mplod to s(pl to) il (qlieult'e-" an d to deri01ve variouHs su1-.l -:1 l of iiifo.n 1atio1(m
for :-.Iected reports and puiblicatiii,.
Information JPi'qt.11, it. do, 'iifits.-Report-s to identify ald
doculient tlie information zied.-. of t(lie Congres.; and emnuiunii.att.
tl()o:e needs to executivNe racli or-ra1nizations are l),reiar-vil in lcl-
Ie'tion with (AO's work under title VIII of the Legislative lleorg:i-
nization Act of 1970, as amended.
IKTFOC.-An acronNym for the words keywordd out of conltt'xt." All
GAO reports after July 1, 17:3, have b)een listed Lald ilndexed4 in sev-
e'al ways. sihl as by date of is-:iatnce or by keywords from tlhe ,'prt
title. These lists are issued a. bound volme s of c lomiputer printoullts
:and :ire available for use in tlihe Distribution Section of tlhe ( M().
Recoin eto.e hfor lgirslat;on.-Each year GAO develop." a re-
)(port sum ariziI. the recommendations for lri-lative action n made
in GAO reports that relate to the responsibilities of each .ouiorrs-ioImaI
committee and that are still open as of December 31.
Report to the Coo1gn.s as rrnrcd( by seCtion 202(a) (2) of tte
1 e;.safHce Reorgat, i'afion A rt of 1970, as amendrd.-This report
(B-11.'.).S) was issued June 30, 1975, on the status of GAO's wovrk
in formuilating initial standard terminology, definitions, classifications.
and codes, as required by the act. Subsequent reports are made at tVe
discretion of tlhe Comptroller General.
Report to the Congress as required by section 2i2(v) of tie Lrgi.sla-
fti;," R, oi'quzatwt t Act of 1970. as amc71',l.-This report on prog',.-
in GAO's work on the identification of congre-sional information
needs, relationship of the needs to existing reporting, extent to which
executive branch reporting presently meets the needs, specification of
c] inges of standard classifications needed, prom'ess on reports monii-
toring, and executive branch progress during th, e past year is reIluired
:,niia ly. GAO's most recent. report entitled "Pro "-. s .in Improving
Fi.z:', 1. Budetary, and Pr,,r;m-Related Information for tlie C',,i-
gres" (B-111.7.9) was is.iied August 30, 1976.
4)/w// if/i',, tf o Y~flc'n ^ i !' i fS ni/it! fli ?fr m iHi'd# i 'O S Olt De0 p i i :i.t
of 1efCoi.e ope1rat , ndflon. on. the oi"-i"'It;t s of ci,';f If )partlml t s .i (t (/ ad /I /,? .-S.
Tlhese are annual reports to the appropriations comm iit tc.s c,.,ntail i ii"
re-t04temenrts of important conclusions anmid recomn,.ndatiomis 'fruit
GAO reports on nimatters considered to 1, of sp ,ial interest to tho,s,
involved in reviewing, and acting, on reque t.s for a.ppropriattiolj.: for
the rFederal depart ments and gncies GAO reviev ;s.

The GAO libr-,ary primarily :-.-rvc. toS pl'lprt tiet GAO I-(lei but ,-
C.14sinally answers requests f'rori Cm r(,;i,,l ta1. Tibe l].w s.ct,'Ion
con tains national and regional reporter sv-tfe,.. court reports, FI'.,terl


and State codes, adlmini-trative agency decisions and regulations, law
reviews, and legal texts. The technical section contains periodicals and
reports in the fields of accounting, auditing, management, and pro-
gram evaluation.
The General Accounting Office performs a number of functions
which provide information to various entities of the Congress or are
required by law to be performed.
Approving agency accounting systems.-GAO approves agencies'
principles and standards and accounting system designs when they
are determined to be adequate.
Auvditing nonappropriated fund activities.-The General Account-
ing Office Act of 1974 gave them responsibility for auditing these activ-
ities which sell merchandise or services to certain classes of Govern-
ment employees, retirees, and their dependents.
Claims settlement and debt collection.-GAO settles claims by and
against the Federal Government. Claims referred to GAO for settle-
ment are (1) those required by statute to be paid on settlement by GAO
and (2) those involving doubtful questions of law or fact.
Comptroller General decisions.-Questions are presented regularly
to the Comptroller General about the authority granted by the Con-
gress to departments and agencies and the circumstances under which
public funds may be spent. The Comptroller General's legal decisions
are final and conclusive for the executive branch and are controlling
in GAO audits, but they are not binding on the Congress or on the
Comptroller General decisions may be grouped as follows:
-Appropriations and miscellaneous-the availability and obliga-
tions of appropriations, accountability of fiscal officers, and
powers and duties of Government agencies.
-Civilian and military personnel-compensation, leave, travel,
and transportation of Government personnel.
-Contracts-Government procurements, including consideration
of protests of awards or proposed awards of contracts.
Transportation.-Legal questions arising from the movement of
Government goods and personnel by common carrier.
Cost-benefit studies.-GAO assists congressional committees, pur-
suant to section 204 of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970, in
making cost-benefit studies.
Examination of financial stattments.-GAO's Field Operations
Division examines the financial statements of Government corpora-
tions and other activities required under the Government Corporation
Control Act.
Major weapon acquisitions.-Because of the investment in acquiring
major weapon systems, GAO monitors the status of major systems
being acquired. Reports are made for committees for use in their
authorization and appropriation hearings. GAO assesses the system's
current status as to cost, development, production, and deployment
schedule; and technical performance.
National Intergo,' irnmental Audit Forum:.-The National Inter-
governmental Audit Forum and 10 regional audit forums are composed
of representatives from GAO, audit organizations of Federal agencies


with large grant programs, and State and local audit orgainzalt ijl-.
The forums exchange views and re.-olvhov is-,. opo'tv tl-, otelie
and u.-e of GA( ) audit standards. and try to a'hiev.e cor tldiiit. i I a nd
cooprative working relat iil-,i:.
Ia., ',, ,, of r*,f ;,.,;on0., t,,i (< f( r,'Idf .--Thei lud,- 't ald Iii p' I,' d-
IleCI"t k(IIItol iAct of 1974 require- i th(I mIptr oller (ievIII'l : to review
a dlt rI'eIp rt to t he 0 1 r t,-fa- li.t': s surroImlding r.-'-i--io; or diefer-
r;: l- of ,ild.,ret. authority.
I, (,,1 9to '/f ,'K)port,. I10 9', .-Sect ion 1'9 of the A.t (fl'i i'i.Law\\ .,1.,- 15 ) uiledlel tle l -, der:il le ,,urs Act of 1 -'2",
to require GA.O to review independent federal reL-alatiry .,,nii'r
collection, of information to i nsre that .ie info rmatio(I reqMir,.,lI Iby
sjuch :1i ,ncies is obtained with a minim,1m bulen e upon blisin.'-- en-
t" le :.111d per-,, Is nure d t -(k o
terpri-.s. c.-1,eciallv sn.i 1 mnbsin -s enterpri.-'-.l I ;!iid ills n'(i Vire to
fnrni-il the information. Ol e sp,0iic fiuection ;1--i,,ned to (A() was
to review and clear r,.,rIain ne\v or revi-t'(l inforIatin collection pro-
pos.als under U.S.C. 3512 (c) nndl (d).
'1 f/rff qftire1iViits of the C >L.':',.--. 'Iay are (currently compiling an i nven-
tory cOf requiAreiments of recurring reports as pnrt of the p,',ess of
deve1,-,iig. diretorii of information sounr,'s.
A' '' of 0 ,lit reports of foi',1''0/, char,,, eYJ,C>.'/iora/f'w,.-
TIIndr an a:irr'eement with the Chairman of the House Coomittee on
the Judiciary, GAO reviews the audits of about 50 fed',rall v chartered
corl)oatiolz, -ich as Boys' Club of Aminerica:i. the Civil Air P)atrol, and(l
the National Sa.fety Concil. Pu,'lic accountaint perform the actual
oiLrai:;a:tion aidits. GAO reviews the nuditc rep 'orts to see, whether
they comply with financial reporting requirements pertahizi'.- to fed-
e-ailly chartered corporations as defined in Public Law 8S-504.

Pr'ov'idiw, information about thet, management of the G ner;il Ac-
-.unti^ ()zliice would primarily be the r.-ponsibility of tlhe Comip-
troller ;(eneial of the United States or the Deputy Comptroller
(;e,!,. al. Pragmatically, tlhe s.itant Comptroller General for
Ma;a -,.ment servicess would be able to provide more day-to-day
operational information.

A witli information abo it the management of GAO, the Comip-
t ell, (; 'nevali of thlie lited States and til, D deputyy Comptroller
enie;ih1 of tte Unite-d Stal would lhave the primary responsibility
of providing information alout the orra-IiZ:tion and operations of
A 1',':i1',r ,f othlier ofIces. are able to provide information about
their sp.ifie arc a ;s of operation.

Tlhe Ofie of Ge0eral Counsel is responsible for GAO's legal and
legislative work, e.g., preparation of opinions and decisions of the

-1-24,---7-r.- ..


Comptroller General, legal review of GAO audit reports, resolving
legal questions raised by the GAO operating divisions, and assistance
with preparing comments on pending legislation.

The Olfice of Program Analysis was established by the Comptroller
General on Septeminber 5, 1974, and serves as a focal point for expand-
ing analytical information supplied to meet congressional needs. It
focuses on two overall objectives in supporting the Congress and its
committees and staff. The first objective is to broaden the information
by expanding GAO's capacity to conduct analysis and evaluation of
major program issues and highlighting the implications of choices
available to the Congress in its deliberations. The second objective is
to as-ist the Congress with its requirements and needs for obtaining
and ,i-ing fiscal, budgetary, and progirami-related data and to improve
the quality, availability, and usefulness of such information. The.
Office of Progra mi Analysis is also responsible for review of impound-
The Oilice of Special Programs is responsible for the cool rdination,
monitoring, and programi development, on a GAO-wide basis, of
work involving national issues relating to energy, food, and materials.
Growing congressional and public concern over elie,'rgy and other
shortage problems led to its establishment in December 1973. This
Office also carries out agencies requests for information.
The Office of the Information Officer satisfies information requests
from the media and the public. It is the focal point of contact between
GAO and the various media-pres-., radio, and television.

'I'llhe primary responsibility of tlie Goverinment Printini Offil'b
(GP) is to furis emes and committees of Ciress ill tleir
printing al binding re(lquiirements in whatever forill is needed d.
Thp Joint Committee on Printing coordiniates conrjes.-ional prinlt-
inz, linding, and distribution needs. as Qwell as control linLr the arral,,,e-
ment a(id style of the ('ongresfioeal lh'('.ord, ,et we the Conlre,.ss
a41d t1i'.' G(overniennt Printing Office.


The Planninz Service Division is the unit that mo-t. Members and
committees of Congress contact. This Divi-ion perforiaes liaison and
1rovi' information in connection with printing and binding, pri-
mnarily through two -ections.
Cog,' signal Inforiation Section
Tlie Congressional Information Section is the central coordination
point within GPO for providing the Congress with assistance. Tli-
otfice maintains continuous contact with congres.ional committees and
Memibrs of Congress to serve as a communications and coordination
link between the Congress and GPO. In addition, this section also
sUpplies GPO employees on detail to congressional -:taffs for copy
preparation and proofreading.
S/,e,',7 r" Z ';c s Sec-t {on
The Special Services Section provides information concernirntg
printing reproducibles in storage at GPO.

"lis, ,office provides assistance in connection with the sale and dis-
tribution of Gov'ernment publications and provides the catalogs -and
i;'.lext of such publications.
D ,,, -,,-*11 ,,- ,,4 S cil,'.*< S ,' ,'lr'
The Document Sales Service provides for the sale of ptublirations
proltoeil1 by or through GPO. Some distribution of documents is
d,1e T r1irough this Service.

The Library andl Statutory- Distriblution Service tal:es cnre of the
statutorv distribution of Government piublications in accordance with
Titles 1 and 4 T U.S.C. The Depository Library Proar m andl the
;,r-'- :,-torv Library Mieropilm ishing Project are directed fli roigh
tb, S service.

A number of offices provide technical information as follows:
The Planf Planning D;?'i.s on, through its E t;mating Sectto,.
furnishes estimates for work produced in GPO for the Congress.
The Y'ypography and Design D;,'ision furnishes information for
the development of specifications for printed matter and design serv-
ices. The Technical Review Section in Typography and Design per-
forms quality control functions and color evaluations. Upon request
this section will also create flip charts, flow charts, and slide series-
including audiovisual slides.

Publications which provide information of use for Members are
listed below:
A. The GPO Style Manual, a guide for writing and putting
together material for congressional publications.
B13. Word Dirvision, a supplement to the GPO Style Manual, is
a quickk reference for finding correct word breaks.
C. Monthly Listing of Publications, two listings that consists of
(1) a monthly listing of all publications produced by GPO for the
month; and (2) a monthly listing of selected publications pro-
duced by GPO.
A number of offices can provide information under special
NAight Production Manager
The Night Production Manager is responsible for the printing and
delivery of the Congress;onal Record and other congressional over-
night printing.
Electron c Photocomposition Department
The Electronic Photocomposition Department can provide assist-
ance in preparing copy in nece-sary format for electronic
Congrcss*onal Record Index Office
The Congressional Record Index Office compiles the necessary mate-
rial and keeps a card file for preparation of the biweekly Congres-
s;onal Record Index.
Congressional Record Clerkc-Capitol
The Congressional Record Clerk in the Capitol assists Members in
obtaining Congqres';onal Record reprints. This office also accepts the
orders for manila envelopes, charged against the Member's allowance.
The Assistant Public Printer for Management and Administrative
Services performs the general office-wide management and adminis-
trative functions for the GPO.


Automated Services of GPO, supporting f iiiut ions, and develpI1,,Ielt
of related policies, s"sft s, eI -Tnd p' rog 1 prI'IaIl.S Il'' )W11rfo'rIltl d thI'rou.1l1 tilt.
Data Systenis Service ltndler this As.,i.-ta nt PIuldic Printer.

The Pr(loduction Maalger perforills tII' adli il]istrat ive functions
with regard to the actual production. Il e PI'rodlurti onI MaI;L'er is
assisted byv the Nig.-ht Production Mal laLgerfI f ,r cong, ,'.r-ioI,,1l overl-night
p)rinting and tIle ('ollIIn'.,x'womd record.


Tlie overall operational and adnimnistrative functions of GPO aire
the responsibility of the Public Printer.

The Congressional Information Section, described in Section 1 of
tiis report, or the Joint Committee on Printing are the major contacts
between Members and committees of Congress and the Government
Printing Office. They will either forward your request or refer you to
tlhe office or person who may be able to assist in the request.

The Library of Congress is divided into the Office of the Librarian,
Assistant Librarians, and seven departments. Members of Congres.
and their staffs primarily have contact with the Library of Congress
through just one of these seven departments, the Congressional Re-
search Service.
Because of this fact, each section of this report on information
resources available from the Library of Congress lias been divided into
two subsections to emphlasi7e this special function. Under each major
section, the first subsection lists those information resources available
from the Congressional Research Service, while the second subsection
catalogues those resources available from the other units of the Library
of Congress.
Additional information about the Library may be obtained from
two brochures. Some Facts About the Library of Congress and The
Library of Congress. which are available from the Office of Informa-
tion of the Library.

Conigrc-:ional Pe.,,earch Seriice
The Congressional Research Service is the one department of the
Library of Congress whose single exclusive duty is to serve the Con-
gress and only the Congress. Created in 1914 as the Legislativ-e Refer-


ence Service and freed from routine Library work to devote its efforts
to congressional needs, it was renamed the Congressional Research
Service in 1970 and givenll even broader and more analytical responsi-
bilities. Through its seven research divisions, senior specialists di-
vision, reference division and information support division, the CRS
responds to all varieties of research, analytical and information needs
of the members, committees and staff of the Congress.
The eight research divisions constitute the bulk of CRS re,-ources
available to Congress. Their skilled subject specialists and researchers
provide issue analyses, research reports, individual consultatioi:'s, as-
sistance with hearings and legislation, and general reference assistance
to committees and members, upon matters within their jurisdictions.
The subjects listed under each division are repre-entative of its
American Law Diis'on
Legal issues and questions, including cases dealing with Federal,
state and local law; civil rights and civil liberties, the Judiciary; law
enforcement and criminal procedure; military justice; constitutional
law; election law; criminal law; separation of powers; antitrust; par-
liamentary and international law.
The "Digest,-t of Public General Bills and Resolutions" is prepared
by this Division, and they are responsible for its publication. The
"Digest of Public General Bills and Resolutions" is also available f-
one of the data files in the automated SCORPIO System.
This Division also prepares "The Constitution of the United States-
Analysis and Interpretation". "Major Legislation of the 94th Cn-
gress" and a supplement "Legislative Status Checklist", the terininat-
ing program list and the purpose and effect memoranda authorized
by the Legislative Reorganization Act.
l'eonomics Division
Census; communications; consumer affairs: demography; domestic
economic development; economic growth and stabilization: the Fed-
eral Budget; housing; insurance; international trade and develop-
mnient; labor; money and banking; occupational safety and l..cilth;
taxation; transportation.
Education and Public Welfare Division
HIealth. education, crime, income maintenance and social service
programs, including such topics as aging: child care; crime and de-
linquency; d(rug abuse control; drug pricrg; economic l oppo klnity
I iiqlefeY 1 (ui ~)1I1 1-. t ()
programs; elementary and secondary education; food stamps; gun
control; health nmanlpower and facilities; immigration: manpower;
Medicare and Medicaid: national health insurance: public retil'rement
programs; regulation of private pension plans: social security: unem-
1p)loymnent and compen:-:iion ; veterans;: welfare.
u '",onmen.rtn and Natural IResono.r,,s Dison
Agricultural marketing and production; agricultural wastes and
pollution; air pollution; Alaskan development; energy and fuels; en-
vironmental monitoring systems; estuarine and con-.tal zones, fisheries


nd wildlife forest and tidbfere w ineralrs nind muininLr" out d,,,,rl ,,-
rea*atioU, )est ii1';T puiicin(l.: rsolroljti;i e(lop-
ment; solid wastes; w.ter 1lllt160 a1 :111edrces.
For,',n .1 ff< ;r,. ,AI i;, l,/ Defe s );",c 1 ;.,/
U.S. foreign relations; ef(1(f.cse 1,1, ,and wvl,,n y-tmsi d'-
fil.e lpoliev and or -.liliz nation ; intelllg enlc,'e activities i: jlre it i, .- I,,
cOOpIeratiton in outer s.p-ace : international development : id cr, in',ii,
fo rl' in aid policy: i-iterlat ioit1 or:ini/.zt ionm; iulil :1ry PtratV-rv :iin
Illlilipvwer; U.S. forciil policy; Afriin;, A -iaii l.Tltrn :ii \W.t-t -
ern Kurope:ii; Inter-Ameri,'an ; Middle E:is:t and Mlddle M-l t re-
giolla l affairs.
('<)?'/ t'll///f /t[ D)#v'.<'/o
tPriimrily the or.iiziation and piol'I).edurev- of CoIfIri-v-. tlie },Ii( t i,'lI
system, the executive Ib'llanch, u1.ilii ;: midiis and civil rilts ;. ,m.., ,I
Iic diverse -1, lljct areas include advi,,-y l) (lidis iidlll (.onliii-.i,,-ns:
Alliierica grovernmelliellt; calImpain flnlice: civil .er\ice( and ircaii.-
racy; Distri't of Columbia gov-emrnient; the elector':i coll,':;: etii 1oth Con(oirelss and Executive Executive reo'raLlnization; l i:tioryv: im-
polllidments:;t Tn1inin;; intelrovernmental relations; minoritit./ tl.
Iresidlil-.y, oflicee and power-; :public alilldillistra'tion: reliLrion>is: tae
n71 lo'(1l overmnient; te'litoriI- and O-s io-; voluitary ; -- 'ia-
tiol- ; women in society.
Sc;er11 ( Pol ./1 'y ,< *s( 11ch' D;,';i,;on
Aviation (anid space) technology:; lieliavorial 'ief r.-e; nlrh and environmental health; chemical and biologi'caIl warfe:I-v
earth, atiipiet'ric and inrine scieice-; en,-,ineerinfg; :eneru, tr ,lnol-
o.,'y; futiiress reseacli; information science ; materialIs ol icy: nioe.:
nutritioi; jsvcholoty and mental 1eltli science m n priorities; social indicators:; surface tra:n-portatii tc'linolo. y; tec(h-
nolo!vy forec'-a.t ii,, and asses-iment.
Info vittion Scince SectonI
The Information Science Section of the Scieince Policy R si,..1clI
Division under the direction of a Specialist in Inforiiuation Science-.
detvelopqs iml)rovements in the information system-, of ('i,4'S ;Ind1 pro-
vides profcsS-ional advice on inforlmIation tchnololy to tihe Co( /r,.-.
Services provided by this Section include prelp,:Iration of Sp'l
st ldies., or.,1'.(IiZation of senDiimiI-is for MIcminb)ers an(ld staffs. lprovfiip, of
telmnical servic'Q. ;nd respi)l.s to conr',.-1iona 1 requ.-l t for !-
sta ntive information, or interpret ive comma ntary.

Senior Slpeialists re alpoinlitedl in speifio ar'as of le;o Ic tiive con-
cern to provide (ex.pelrt a:.-i:-taice to ,itBl,1:ers and coi ittee, i k their
iriveti fields. Allliough clo, sely a --(i.i te.1 with tlie oIlier w s.,,lrcli dli-
vi-ions, they are or.L:Iniized ;,s their own division. ;id often atd4 inltti-
di ,.iplin:I tli*\ diilelisjll. in c ,ini' tinit 1 t,-t.vrcli rep,, ,rts done In" 'ther
('I'b anal,.-t-. lc q0 are availablee directly for-.ophiiti,.it..,l tti
aid ;la'.-a.sis in tle follmowiilr areas:
Africilu rc. AimericanI Government Aiiiericin P'u1lic Laj" I-i-
IIS'. ElConolllic's; Coil-e*r\atioli; .E _ii ecr ii ;ll ] ti lic \\ork- E -
viroinmental Policy; Federil Bud'et; lIousinir; Interlltional E,'o-


nomiics; International Relations; Labor; National Defense; National
Security; Price Security; Public Administration; Social Welfare;
Soviet Economics; Space and Transportation Technology; Taxation
and Fiscal Policy; Transportation and Communication; Urban
L;bra / ServD'ices Diison
The Lib)niry Services Division provides the necessary information
support to all CRS divisions by retrieving the printed and duplicated
materials needed as background to answer congressional requests. Fre-
quently, it also provides information directly to congressional conm-
mittees and offices, in the form of selective bibliographies or news-
paper clipping files.
Con r,"ss'.nal Reference Division
The Congres:sional Reference Division handles all inquiries for
specific factual reference (such as biographies, quotations, directory
services, historical references, statistics, citations) ; performs magazine
and newspaper searches; provides materials for response to constituent
questions; distributes CRS reports; and maintains the "hotline" tele-
phone service, the Congressional Reading Room, the reference centers
in the Russell and Rayburn Office Buildings, and a "mini" reference
center in the Longworth House Office Building.
Congressional Reading Room
The Congressional Reading Room, located in room 109 of the
Main Building, is an information and reference center for Mrem-
bers, their immediate families, and congressional staff. Its resources
includes topical books on public issues, current magazine and news-
p)apers, and reference works, and a computer video screen provid-
ing access to the New York Times Information Bank. The Read-
ing Room provides quick reference service either in person or
through the "hotline" telephone service, to which many factual
questions wanting immediate answers are referred. Its users have
access to the Library's main collections as well as the CRS' exten-
sive clipping files. The Reading Room is also frequently a pick-up
for Library materials.
Rayburn Reference Center
The CRS Reference Center (5-6958), located in B-335 of the
Ravburn IT.O.B., contains a sizable collection of reference ma-
terials for iuse l)by Members and staffs. While these materials are
for use in the Reference Center, they may be borrowed for a short
period of time in an emergency. You may also direct your inquiry to
the Reference Center staff either by phone or in person. Your inquiry
will be answered by the reference librarians, or, by using a computer
terminal, refer your inquiry to the main body of CRS for more in-
depth research.
The materials include biographical dictionaries, directories of asso-
ciations and corporations, encyclopedias, atlases, quotation bloks,
and legislative documents. In addition to the reference materials, the
Center maintains subscriptions to about 50 magazines and six leading
newspapers. Back ii-,nes of the magazines and newspapers are main-


taii i. fri' a short period of time. Pliotocopie,- of article- will b. sup-
p1lied u111po request.
S,,veral (oliputer teriiiia:ls a:r lo'Iated in tlhe Criitlr' for 11-( by
M[e:-,rs and stall's. Available o,11 illc. teareials are the data lil's of
S( C( )O PIO( ). Training in ti1e -oe of the tcniinials will 1he providcld oil a
timL' available ,a-ih T'ie Cent(r is al-) equipped witlil photocopier,
telicopier, and imicirofilin reader.
.o iiriortth B (ook'o Ti'',. Longlworth l ,ookrooim, a s.naller facility th:an ti otler R,.fer-
clic' CenIters. mainItailis a s-1mall referli.rt library and (1)eri)li,':Il (()I-
lec'tion M;id scr\ve s as a pick-up) and delivery center for Library
.'TOM3A[TED .>-Y. The (oil!ive.sion0al R searitli Service Is a(-c((,-s to a ilnmb'r of
autoltated lata lNas..-. :-oi1e of which nay lbe ii-e1i directly by a Memn-
ber ad/or staff through SCORPI() and all of whi ih.i are 1.-'l( by
CI('.; for is.iS.tai of tluc'e data la.'-.s are maintained 1'v CRS, isinr the Library's coni-
pliter, while the others rare either maimtainetid by (lepal points or di-
visions of the Library outside of CRS or they ave external dlata b1a-c-.
The Information Systems Group) is the ad(liniist native unit in (,DS
with tlhe responsibility of providing automated servir,.s for CRS.
A description of this Group is in Section 2 of this report on the
Library. This Group also assists in the training, of congres-ional offiLce-,
in the use of those data bases available to them through the Library.
CRS lhas developed the JLegislative Indexing Vocabulary, with
the eighth edition containing over 6,000 terms, in order to provide
some consistency of slibject indexing terms in their data base-.

Lgiativc Information Fic.s (Bill Diacst)
There are two Legislative Information Files available through
CRS. one for tlhe 93rd Congress and tlhe other for the 9-4lth Congre.-s.
Theselc Files are (-scntially tlhe contents of the publication "iD)irest
of General Public Bills and Rc:-olution.'. Information in the File for
tlhe !A4th Congrev-s is usutially about :P hours late inaiii-much a- it is 1,asetl
on data from tlie Conlvresional Reord. (For ea,.i bill and res-olution
into iduced, the file furnishes a short de-cription of its content, its
-pl-)rs and(l co-spo)o.sor-. what committees are handling it, and what
aIr ti on have 1vien taken on it.) Each bill can be monitored and re-
trievcd by moe- tban i20 elements, inclidi din bill number, .pos)or.
subject, committee, etc., and the information is more comIpletc and
up-to-date than that provided in the regular printed Dige-t.
Noa,*'"r LLg1fu,,'e Issues Data Filec
"Ii autoniated file co i.t-, of "issue brief-" on up to 20() key
topicr- of coiigrei,.,-ional inti i,-t. Ea.h lnrief, written adl reil:,ihirlv
updlated1 by a s )ject specialist at CRS. contaii,-; a definition and
a;1 1a'",oiid analysis of the issuI, numbers and title- of relt-vant lecr-
islation, listing of pertinent hearings and reports, and, as appropriate
a chronology of significant events anid reference- to prof,,-io:Iai


Thlie briefs can be retrieved either on video screen or in hard copy.
A list of current issue briefs is sent to all congrre(-ional office. every
two weeks, and paper copie- will be delivered within the day when
req(1i.-ted by telephone.
Bbh/ograp/wluc ('Citation 1ile
i''is data ile contains citations to CRS written products reports.,
1iiltilitlied(l stildies, comlnlittee prints, and major memoranda) since
1972. and all major publications of (Colgrie-s, the executive branch.
tlie tinted Nations, and the Organization of American States. It also
incld('des itenms of inltere't to Conigr,,s published by state and local
gOv,\ Imciniets,1 universities, and international organizations, as.-i well as
interst grotip pu1l)tblications, minagazinies, law journals, and, ac1aad.iiic
journals. Any of tis material can be retrieved according to subject
mlattelr', aittIor, time frame, and type of document.
SDI (Selective Dissemination of Information) automated cards
are drawn from the Bibliographic Data Base for use as up-to-date
suibject profiles. Subscribers to this service indicate their particular
subject preferencess, and each week receive a packet of SDI cards,
each olie an annotated citation to a current or new article, report or
document relating to the chosen subject area.
Congr''cssbonal Rlecord Abstract File
The. Con,1g,.ssional Record Abstract File contains abstract of en-
tries in tlie Congressional Record dating from the first day of the
94tli (Congress. 2nd Session through most current Record. Each daily
Record-is indexed and abstracted so that data can be added to the
CSIF file from that issue by noon of the same day. Abstracts can be
retrieved by bill number, executive communication number, date and/
or subject term (s).
National Referral Center Data Base
This automated center, under the auspices of the Science and Tech-
nology Division, assists those with scientific or technical questions
by referring them to organizations able to answer them. The file of
some 11,000 organizations can be searched by subject and organization
names, and soon will allow search by geographic location. The in-
formation provided includes the name, address and telephone number
of the organization, and a brief description of its mission, areas of
interest, data holdings, publications, and information services it of-
fers including any restrictions on whom it services.
Library of Congress Computerized Catalog
The Library of Congress has automated the equivalent of a card
catalog for all English language books and documents received since
1969, which can be retrieved either by author or title. Many mate-
rials in French, Spanish and Portuguese are similarly available, as
are data for maps and motion pictures of the same period.
Nt w York Times Informat;on Bank
This data base, which is accessible through terminals in the Ray-
burn Reference Center, contains indices and abstracts of all New York
Ti'P,, articfl,- since 1969, and selected material from over 60 other
newspapers and magazines.

Justice Retrieval and Inquiry System (JURIS)
The I 'vpart, went of ,i1-ti',tI i zas IIad'I1k a:vai\a ,il e i)e t- le inlfi ill:[-
tion system, which contains the full texts of the U.S. Constitution
a:ndl I .s. Code. It is l)winlgr, ex1la1di'd to pr idt ilforii',t ion fr,,i Plub-
lic Laws, Solicitor General's briefs to the Suprmc Court. Supremn
Court decisions from the past 25 yearly, and certain tax Divisioll mei'mo-
randa. The data base can be searched by subject or .-pecific word.
Made available by the Natiotial Library of Medicine, this data baze
provides access to bibliographic citations from more than 1.200() medi-
cal research and public healtlh journals, retrievable either by author
or subject.
Economic iMod I of the U.S. Economy
'V.,,a i .-oul ,.e-. Inc. olers.- : Ii-' .'-.- *.:1, co,' ,}ut r' ., I e,.o )o:ri"( i..
model of tlhe U.S. economy, which contains foreca.-ts to tli(e fourth
quarter of 1977 in such areas as consumer spending, autoiobils. hou.s-
inrg, and other topics of current national interest. The system con-
tains its own economic assuimiptions, but is capable of i:snig i-pn.s
to different assumptions entered at termininals.
"Social Programs" Model
This computerized model was developed by Applied Uribaietics,
Inc. to analyze the distributional effects of proposed federal aid-to-
education formulas. It lhas since been expanded to include p)rograns
of assistance to the aced. child care proposals. and aid for crinile pre-
vention. Fund distribution under propozod formulas may be esti-
mated at the state, county, or local educational agency levels. pro-
vided the necessary data is available.
CRS has access to data collected bv the National Center for Ediica-
tion Statistics in its annual Higher Education General Information
Survey. Data can be extracted, on an institution-by-institution basis.
about student enrollments, expenditure anil revenue statistics, num-
ber and types of formal degrees awarded, and characteristics of fa-
*..ltih's. S ,r1vev :'.,lt.s Goni vo,'itionial locationon have a. so 6'n plced
in the EDSTAT system.
A ,tomatcd Ed;torial System
CRS maintains the Administrative Terminnal Svytem (ATS), an
internal data manipulation system, for use in editorial data storaure.
T'i.:. IIro, air n i 1- VUI'V ',f'i|u1 for stori W t(,itlS ',Tqlirin l' fl,.-
quent updating, such as lists of grant program;, terminating dates of
legislated programs. and committee jurisdictions. Various congres-
sional committees have utilized it in preparing committee calendar's
and sorting material for committee prints. CIS uses it for "instan-
tanpe' s" Tifor actionn tr;,ilsiii:ss;on l,,tv.'. aC.--' po)int: in the Li-
brary and on Capitol Hill.

In addition to the skills of the general staff of CRS. personal con-
sultation is available in a number of ways.


Subject Specialists
Subject specialists are usually always available for individual con-
sultation with Members or staff about more in-depth and complex
research inquiries and legislative issues.
Contracts and Consultants
In addition to the subject skills of the specialist staff, CRS is auth-
orized to hire specialists on temporary bases to enhance its information
resources on specific issues and projects.
CRS conducts periodic seminar series, often in conjunction with
private organizations, for Members and staff to discuss current issues
with outside specialists.
Multilithed Reports
Many of the studies and memoranda prepared by CRS are of gen-
eral interest, and about 300 each year are published for availability
as background data. To alert congressional offices of the reports avail-
able, a two- to three-page "Green Sheet" listing of new reports is
distributed monthly, and twice each year a complete catalog of studies
in print, arranged by subject, is sent to each office.
1'1i, lti ilibed re)orts can generally be categorized into four
types: analytical and background reports (usually 25-100 pages);
statistical or other factual data; legislative and judicial summaries;
and general information sheets usually used to assist with newsletters
and constituent mail.
Bib biographies
Selected bibliographies will be prepared on request by virtually
all divisions. Two continuing bibliographic services are now avail-
able, the Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI), which pro-
vides weekly automated cards citing new and current literature in a
specified subject areas, and the Citations of Current Literature, ob-
tainable monthly and arranged by author and subject.
Bll Digest
Thr DJiest of Pubilic Gcnral Bills and Resolutions.q furnishes brief
content summaries of public bills and resolutions and any changes
made during the legislative process. It also indicates committee ac-
tion, floor action and enactments, and includes subject, sponsor, spe-
cific title and identical bill indices. It is normally published during
each ses-:ion of Congress in five or more cumulative issues, with bi-
weekly sllpplementation as needed.
MaIor Brierfs
These are computer printolts, averaging 8-10 pa}es each, comtn in-
i1ii! information on up to 200 key topics of congressional interest.
lael brie f. written and regularly updated by a subject speciali-4t at
CIS. contains a definition and l)aclk.round( analysis of the i-si I, mm-
hers and titles of relevant legislation, listing of pertinent hearings
and reports, and, as appropriate, a chronology of si rnifinant events a0Id
references to profc.-ional literature.


Also, the briefs (an 'i retrieved either oin vride, .-Iii or i, li',4l
oy via typewwriter terminal!. A li-t( of cirrenit i--ie mlefs is -,,it
to ;II ,o, C .r'.ssiolual oflice,,s every t wo w- ek-. :; I :d pai r Col, i,- w ill !1,.
deliver leit1 wiltln tl lIe (da:y whl req llIle-td by telepllol le.
"ap>r Li }.,7,,/"1 if of f/ic Cni. ','. *,'
Ia~ T r,1 ," 7 tII;) IO Ir ,m)(/I"-o
Publislheld anud automatically distributed mionthly to :III e.,,-i^-
sional offl states t md bill conteit inforii lion lon mOleteil d jiiior a iil l-,,fore tlie
Coin'ii-s.. It a 1 < provides relevant 1,:,. eh'ronnd information ;inl d nfer-
ences to appropriate and a vnii;ble reports i in to bi -- f le- Ti
"Legislative Status Checklist" i- puiblislhed weekly aqs a supplement
to the MLC, providing updated information on *,isl:Itive tiat ii.
and containing cumulative li-tinzr, of niuthoriz:itions. appri-riations
and Presidential message, to Congv::s.
Coanth .n q Comin'ittee Piints
Several committee of the Conl'recs have reque:4t,'i that C',.S a- 1,iie
responsibility for various compilations, oversight reports and annual
studies, which have become, mi effect. continuing ('IS 1)ii),li *;tioos.
The texts are prepared by CRS and then publi:lied as 'o iuitel
prints. The majority of them are compilations, of law: in certain areas
or comparative analyses of legislation and/or laws.;o-nal DDch)aft Topics
CRS is responsible for preparing compilations of material., which
are issued as committee prints, to provideL background information and
arguments on either side of the debate topics; one topic is selected
annually for high schools by the National University Exteiion As o-
ciation. and one for colleges by the American Speech Association.
M[emnbers are provided with a limited number of copies for distribute ion
to schools and colleges in their districts.

CRS Main Iv formation Files
These central files, arranged by 2200 subjects. of conre-sional con-
cern, combine an administrative file, a vertical pamphlet file, and a
clipping file or "morgue." They contain much of tlhe vwork product of
CRS over the past 50 years, and a great variety of other material.
They are heavily used by CRS staff to answer cojires;ional i "quirie-,
and most are available in the Congriessional Reading Room to staffs
of congressional offices.
CIS Ml;crofiehcr Libr,,ry
The Congress.ional Information Service, a, commercial enterpri-r,
provides monthly indices of congressioal dociiiiiient- >o tiiati -iific
witnesses subjects and congressional bodies nm lie identifi,.l quickly
and efficiently. These indices in tiun refer to the Microfi'le Libatryv
located in the Library Services Division of CRS and coniitaiiiiir all
congressional hearings, committee prints, doriiments and report-:. Sen-
ate executive reports and documents, and House and Senate special


Spleeeh Draft'ig Ai..;f.fanle
Background information will be supplied, or non-political speech
drafts will be prepared if given sufficient time and informiatioiI about
tho occa-:ion. viewpoint to be expressed, length desired, etc.
CRS provides for Members and committees this unique service which
prepares and furnishes maps, charts, graphs, drawings and the like
for use in hearings, documents or presentations.
CRS provides a translation service for congressional correspondence
and other documents into and from the language of any major Euro-
pean, Latin American or Asian country.

Booklet on CRS
A booklet "CRS Services to Congress" is available from the Con-
gresional Res-earch Service. This publication describes the procedures
for using the services provided by CRS, as well as providing a direc-
tory of the offices and services of CRS.
Tour and/or bineflng on CRS
Informal briefings on CRS's functions and services are provided
by the Office of Special Programs.
Library of Congress
NOTE: The information resources listed from this point to the end of Section 1
of this report on the Library of Congress are available from departments of the
Library outside of CRS.
With the exception of those services concerning the American pub-
lic law (provided by CRS), the Law Library provides research
services to committees, members of Congress, and their staffs in the
areas of foreign, comparative and international law. Reference facili-
ties and services are provided in all areas of law.
The Law Library is organized into five divisions according to legal
systems and annlaua_,es. The five divisions and their areas of responsi-
bility are as follows:
Ain ,ericT-British Law.-Australia, Canada, Great Britain. India,
New Zealand, Pakistan, certain other countries of the British Com-
rmonwealth and their dependent territories, and Eire;
EuIropeCan Law.-Nations of Europe and their po:-ses,-ions, except
Spain and Portugal;
Hi/span;e Law.-Spain and Portugal, Latin America, Puerto Rico,
the Philippl)ines, and Spanish and Portuguese lawriglage states of
Far Eastern Law.-Nations of Ea:-t and Southeast Asia. including
China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Thailand, and former British and
French pol,..'ssonls in the area;
,a Eapsteirn and African Law.-Middle Eastern countries, includ-
ing the Arab States, Turkey, Iran, and Afghanistan, and all African
couniitrI'. except Spanish and Portuguese language states and

.''rvic.s of the Taw I Lil)rryv in'-iludi' :
A nllal .-is of l)pr)le in fo1 li, iilternca:ltiom : :il ,l <,IJo:pI :itie l;i\w.
Prepalritiol of analytical stdll ies. i lt'l':i ,tck'.ro'lldl ll report-. f;itual
inll folrllat ion, and( collipa rative e-a s.
At.oist:ae to comitllete. upon r'qlUtet. in ;llllzillunr and evaltuatiing!
foreign law\ questions. :,aiding inl the pr 'paration of learing-. .i.ue-t-
1g approprialte -ciali-,s s p,,s,.iblc wit,',---. plrep:irinig ql.e-tiol-
for wit e-se.-, etc.
Provision, of books. levrislative docuii'it-s, ji11rn:il arti-'lc-, law- ad
other materials for tlie IeM. of coniimittc -. iiienul r. al lheir .-toiffs.
Forieigni legal specialists aiv r available for c,.osultatimon and for pr"-
vi-,ion of direct a id telephone reference ;is- -ti ance.
Translation of legal documents in 50 la 11:1aes.
General reference service through the five ir-,i'arch divisio,,-, thie
Aigrlo-Ameiric'an Law Readin g-Rooni. and thel Law Lib'ary in the
(C'ompilation of legal hiblio.girraphie-.
lequests for research services 'a.ii be handled in the following ways
(all requiets are held confidential) :
By telephone for brief, less detailed inquires.
By letter for more complex and detailed qiest ions.
Write to: Law Librarian. LIaw Library, Library of CongiC-s. Wasli-
ingrton. D.C. 20540.
In p)ersoil for direct consultation or use of tlie collection. ,!zo to the
Office of the Law Librarian. Room 238,. Library of Congrev-s Building.
Printed reports on a wide variety of legal topic- ar' prepared by
the Law Library research staff for use bvy congressional ofi,.'o. A corn-
pilation of available reports is appended to tlhe "Green List" dis-
tribuited monthly by the Congressional Rcsea'lrch Serv i.e.
Law collection of over 1,600,000 volhmes:, include: tthe world's large-t
and most comiprelhensive collection of foreign and international lavw.
The collection covers all legal systems. hi itorical and contemporary,
religious and secular.
Aiiglo-Amcrira.n Lawr ceding Room.
Anglo-American Law RIeadin Room. room 24ui. Library of Con-
gir-s Building. 9-4-2G-.-5079. Included in this 83.000 volume, refer-e,-
collection are federal and st:te statutory material, court reports. d(i-
ge.ts, law reviews, loo.-eleaf services, treat is,.-. and other important
secondlarv sour, es and finding" aid-. Satimi i- pr.vidcd for u-r-.
U.S. Lt gislative Document-. Main ReIding Room Gallery, Library
of Congrivs Building. 9-426-,5-:3. Over 30.000 vohilc;s of IeTol-c a nd
Senate publicat ions-the Conari.l,.;o t R o1',il (amdl its preder,--ors).
the serial sot. and an almost complete set of bills andl r-esolutions. Cur-
rent documents, committee prints. anld reports, hiarirn',.- etc. are :'1iso
available. Restricted ac"es. is possible during the remai ing hou r- that
the Anglo-Amnerican Law Reading Room is open.
.a," Llnbr f'y n f1h,' Capitol
Room S-416, Capitol Building, telephone 47-7.57 .r 475.-9. a iii-
tered by the Law Library of Congrivcss provid,-, quick I,.:il rt-archi
andl reference.
Withdrawal of most volnume-, in collection iz allowed with exception
of somie reference works.


Loan period is generally 30 days, but can be adjusted to ncd.t of the
Available Services include: Assistance of reference librarian; Re-
Spos-e to telephone inquiries; Duplication of materials; Reading room
study facilities; Obtaining materials from Main Library; and Referrln
of questions to expedite research.
Geography and Map Diision
The Geography and Map Division maintains the Library's carto-
graphic collection, the largest and most comprehensive in the world.
r'This collection includes reference books and journals, atlases. l maps.
globes, and three-dimensional plastic relief models, and it contains
both air and water navigation charts, topographic map sets, historical
maps, and maps dealing with geology, climate, vegetation, population,
transportation and communication, resources, industries and wars.
There is no single comprehensive catalog of the division's total hold-
ings but card and book catalogs provide listings of specialized seg-
ments of the collection.
This Division is not housed in the Library of Congress complex on
Capitol Hill but it is located at 345 South Picket Street, Alexandria,
Virginia. Geographic and cartographic reference books, bibliographies
and gazetteers, as well as current issues of some 200 cartograp)hic and
geographic journals may be loaned to Members of Congress. Repro-
duction of plates from atlases and of maps may be ordered through
the Library's Photoduplication Service, subject to copyright or other
restrictions. A brochure on the Division is available from them.
Geography and Map Reading Room
The services of the Division are available through the Reading Room
but the Division's resources are not readily accessible inasmuch as the
Geography and Map Reading Room is also located in Alexandria,
Virg.inia. Requests for information and material can be made by
telephone; however, there is usually a day's delay in obtaining
Latin American, Portuguese, and Spanish Divi son
This Division is the source of information about tlhe cultures and
societies of Latin America, the Iberian Pennisula, and tliho:e areas
where the influence has been significant, particularly the Philippines
and the southwe-tern part of the United States. The Hispanic collec-
tions are not housed in this Division but are in the general collections
of the Library. The Division's primary role is to develop these collec-
tions and to explain and interpret them through published guides and
bibliographies. A basic reference tool for information about this area
is the annual bibliography compiled by this Division, the "Handbook
of Latin Amneric:,n Studies," which since the 26th volume has alter-
nated annually between coverage of the humanities and the social
sciences. Information about individuals with specialized knowledge
of the area. may be obtained from the "National Directory of Latin
Americanists" compiled by this Division. Another 1)bibliOgrap)hy com-
piled by this Division is the "Latin Ameriran. Spain. and Portugal;
An Annotated Bbliography of Paperlack Books". The Division also


plrovid.s for the "Arc'hive of I. is|;inic LiteIatlure I T e ,,"; >,,i'i,:il,
voice recordin(gs of v-elec'tions of thile writ ifgrs of ,clItelilpoa:I.ry l,'ri:iii
anid Latin A miPe)ic'-Vl pN)V111 Cnd pro-c vriterl.
II.,'l ,h u c l S ft'fy n / i'j',l, t /looll
A. S)cCial collection of ie'f'erelicl, ilat'erLi;ls i .aillle il tI e IeIdi -
ing ROOm a Il d it is stalled by ; prof.e..ional a .i i ,erene 1ii;iri;i,
who will provide orient; aion 'to andeitrlel.'s nd :. hohlr s iiten. -ed 1 in
I1ero-Americain and Latin Aienericaii 't1ili<1. T1i1 IIisprjiic SocietV
Reading RomI provides limited -tudy facilitit,- for r,-.t.iarcher.-. "li
"Arclive of Ilisl)paInic LiterattIre olJ Tapel" is available in the I-.adiiig
A bro tliure describing tlhe LriViCs and hours of tliis I)ivisio is
Sa available.
,dln u.qcr;pt Div;sioi
Thle Manuscript I)ivision maintains for -tudy and exhibit tle
Library's collection of original letter.,. papers, dociiument., rI'cor(ls, and
literary iinanus.cript., including the papers of -2: of the earlier Prv-i-
dents of the United States and the rev(cords of the Senate Sel(ct Com>-
mittee on Presidential Campaign Activities. The national manIs.ript
collection is available for serious research. The Division lias.q a profe--
sional staff of historians who are available for consultation. It is advis-
able to check with the Division on the matter of researching the col-
lection clue to the rules governing such research and the limitations on
the u-e of some of the material. Catalogs, indexes and registers of
some. of the holdings are available with one of the most recent, (1975)
being "'Manuscripts on Microform; a Checklist of the Holdings of the
Manuscript Division.
MianIscript Reblbgl Room.
A-vailable in the Division's Reading Room are a catalog of collec-
tions, a general index, special indexes for certain collections, and an
inventory of the collection of foreign reproductions.
Music Dh...i0on
The Music Division ,has custody of the Library's vast music collec-
tion, w-hich in addition to music (both printed and manuscript), con-
tains books on music, sound recordings (including non-music record-
ings), musical score (orn-,.h ral. operatic, choral music, chamber
music etc.) and other materials. The Division answers reference qies-
tions on the subject of music.
Recorded Sound Section
The tape, disc. and wire sound recordings of tlhe Library's collections
alrt maintainedd by tlhe Recorded Sound Section of the Music Divi-ion
and provides reference service in matters relating to sound recordinf-s.
Tlii Sor(wtion operates a irecordinz laboratory for the Library and spe-
cial listening facilities are available in tlhe Section.
Arch re of Folk Soig
Tle Archives of Folk Song maintains, develops, and provides refer-
,,ce service on the Library's collection of folk music and folklore. Tlie
Library's holdings izclude recordings of folksong, folk .usc, folk
Ia ;t.. oral hiorvy manl.-,.ipt material, such -s the Federal WNriter-'


Project, WVPA. in the fields of folklore, ethnic studies and slave nar-
rativc'..; and standard folklore publications and iagazi/ie,. new.let-
ters, anjd eplieiiieia of inteiv-t to folklorists. Every region and every
State of thle United States, as well as countries from every continent
;ire repre:eiited in the Archives' holdiiings.
The reference s-rvies provided by the Archives' are answers to
questions involving locally linavailable information, specialized bib-
liographies, tape recordings of the Archives' holdings, and for re-
ferrals to specialists.
Persons intere-ted in the recordings of the Archives may also want
to check with the Recorded Sound Section of the Music Division,
which is described above.
Archives of Folk Song Reading Room0
A Reading Room is maintained by the Archives of Folk Song which
contains many of the books and periodicals dealing with folk music
and folk lore from the Library's collection.
Orientala Dia s"Xon
The Orientalia Division maintains and provides reference services
on the Library's Chinese. Korean, Japanese, Southeast Asian, South
Asian, Near Eastern and Hebraic collection of books newspapers, pe-
riodicals, microforms, and other publications. Information on holdings
of Oriental materials of other institutions may be obtained through
this D)ivision.
Onientalia Reading Room
Acc(ss to the Library's collection from the above mentioned areas
and the reference services of the Division are provided by the Orien-
talia Reading Room.
P 8s awld Photogfrap!4s Divisio0
The holdings of the Prints and Photographs Division consists of
two co elections, the General Collection and the Special Collection.
The General Collection consists of nonbook pictorial materials, exclu-
sive of maps and motion pictures, many with only partial cataloging.
Prints and photographs documenting American history and civiliza-
tion (including portraits, views, events), world history, and artists'
prints of all periods. Thie Special Collections consist of 19th century
American lithographs (including Currier and Ives); Civil War
photographs, drawings, prints; political cartoons and caricatures
(18th-20th centuries) ; documentary photographs (19th century to the
early 1940's, including the Farm Security Administration-Office of
War Information collection); artistic photographs; early American
architecture (including Historic American Buildings Survey and the
Frances Benjamin Johnson Photographs); artists' prints of many
periods, countries, and techniques, including engravings, etcliiiigs,
woodcuts of the old masters, the work of Joseph Pennell Whistler,
etc., and modern prints. especially by American artists; 19th century
posters (advertising, theatrical, circus) and 20th century posters of
all kinds; and a large collection of original photographic negatives.
A catalog of the Americii prints was compiled in 1970 and published
by the Johns Hopkins Press..
Pictures are not available on loan for the purpose of study, selec-
tion, or reproduction. Prints and photographs will be lent for exhibi-


ion-. byl special airaiiU ienIlt withif tn IEira s Elxhibit ()Oli-,. I low-
ever, Irlly picture, lo(it copyri1ihted or ,'t li) .i:e ',.-t ricl.d. can 1,.
copied to order l)y tVhe Phtotliiplication, Se.rvice arli curltrintlprice
lists are available i i 11 're(Iltest.
/,(ilt.' fI'd Phot,,lrl, fs Ri ,tf t1.I/R,,oi,.
The Collections of the 1Priiits and 'llhotogralpll Dlivisi,,(l a! avail-
able for stll(dy in Ithe' I)ivi-ion's lRen:dinl l{,iin. Lengthy -e.:1re .0- or01
extensive editorial election of picture ca(Iillnot 1. I, perfo,1reI' inut nl iIH-
of freeI l: ,Ice picture sea ners supplied oili reqwi .
Motion Iil P;'ci ,Ct SrfOn?
The MIotioii t 't t"e Section i t~i t aliiis ti' Lil)inry's film 'lltioi
for -c.liol,-rly std11y and reantarchi and pu plic 'projio)i'n, previewV. ;Id(
loan :Trv,.s ares 11t available. TIlie collectiol',\ consist of firve major
LrrN)IIp)- tif iIs selected froii copvrioirlt dcix iists. historic i collection,
,llajor film studio l deposits. Am'eniii Film Ii.-titute Collct i'm, tilnis,
seizedl dt1rin.,.r W1Vorld War II, and .S. (,,Ivernnient-l)r,,od 1c,.k filmlis.
Tits section ml)ay also be) able to provide inlforiiation wvitl i,:;..ird
to the pr),:ervatio ii of motion pictures.
The motion n Picture Se,'tioIn maintains a clatalor of all fili.- adld
to the Librarv's collection. Copies of filim footage not rest ricted bv
cop1yriIlt.l by provi.i tion lay be ordered through the S c,'tionk howeverr. the l)er:,.on ee-
q(estiung tlie foota-ge is ev-)ponsible for .-eie rchi-ii>. tle,_ Co)Vllyriglt (fli.'
records to determine the copyright status of that speCific wrk.
Mfatfon Picture tSPc f 01t1d;, Room
TIlhe Reading Room of the Motion Picture Section maint:nins an
extensive card file deseribinm the Libra rv's motion picture ]ioldinr s.
These tiles include a slid flist, a dictionary (cataloer,I a nitrate film file.
a directors file, and chronolorival andl production (coiann Hov -l'- for
silent filml. (At present there is no printed catalor) de,-ribing tile
Liltar"ys film collection; however, the Librlwary publishes catilodw gir
information for films and related materials, ns it does for books, in
the form of tlie printed ca.taloir card, and in addition, the Copyright
Ofhice prepare a semi-annual "( catalog of Copyri.t EIt Ae" Motion
Pictures and Filmstrips".) Tlhe Readinr Room also contai1!5 a basic
collection of reference books on cinema subjects, film distribuiltionl
catalogs, yearbooks, reviews, and trade periodicals.
Rare Book and Special Collcetiotns Division
The Rare Book and Special Collections Division il:aiit:lii and
services the Library's rare lmnoks, 111 ;1.azillis, new.:-paper.-. pa imphlets
and broadsides, about hlialf of which are 1ali taied, a- smep.rate col-
lections. There are alout 40 such special collections: e.,r... .' A) vol-
iimes of the original Thomas Jelfersoii Library. librarie- of fnimou-
people, comprehensive collections of books about famo101s lp.-op)le. ad
several generic collections.
Rare Book leading Room
Assembled in the Rare Book Re.-:diiiL Room are sonit of the wprifltedl
materials that descrilbe its collections and t!,lere are refereii:.. ;--i-t-
ants to consult for further orielntati,,, on u:ilL the eollec.i( of tlie
Rare Book and Special Collectio:ns Division.


Sl(il';,' ,," (d C ntral Evl/opean Dict'ion
The Slavic and Central European Division maintains the Libra try's
holdings for 18 countries; Russia and the Soviet Union, the Slavic
and Baltic countries. Albaniia, last Gernmany, Finland, Greece, Cy-
prus, H11ngary and Roitania. These holdings include current Slavic
and Baltic newspapers and periodicals. The Division al.o provides
trianilation services in the more than 20 languages .- ed in its area
of concern.
Sl/,ic Room
Access to the Division's material and to its reference services is
through the Slavic Room.
Division for the Blind and Physically Handicapped
The Division for the Blind and Physically Handicapped adminis-
ters a unique national program of supplying material which can be
either read or listened to by blind or physically handicapped per-
sons. The material in the form of braille-books and magazines, talk-
ing books and magazines, records and tapes, cassette tapes of books
and musical instrument instruction (piano, organ and guitar), and
a limited collection of large print music for voice, piano, and other
instruments, as well as equipment to play the recordings is distributed
through 54 regional and 92 subregional libraries. Materials for resi-
dents of the United States who are presently abroad are available
by international interlibrary loan. Regional libraries determine reader
eligibility and maintain records of the needs and preferences of
Borrowers and interested organizations and individuals are ac-
quainted with new book titles and services available to them through
two bimonthly magazines and by catalogs compiled every two years.
The Division also produces several newsletters and reference circulars
for either general or specialized interests. Information about tlhe vol-
unteer program of reading the material for recording or taping may
be obtained from the Division.
Blind or physically handicapped individuals interested either pro-
fessionally or personally in music can obtain assistance and materials
from the Music Services Unit of the Division. The staff of the Music
Services Unit can answer reference questions on all aspects of music.
If a reque-ted selection is unavailable from any other source, a volun-
teer may be assigned to transcribe it in whatever form the borrower
Three leaflets describing the services and materials of the Division
and(l a number of newsletters and reference material is available from
tlhe Division.
Federal Research Division
This Division provides for the use of the collections and facilities
of the Library of Conii'ress and to other government departments 'and
a agencies besides the U.S. Congress.
reni?,al Rferencrv", aial BWib;ograPhy Division
Thei General Reference and Bibliography Division provides refer-
S;d biblioiiphic servicees in person, by telephone, and through

1 +I- -I I I
,'onle-pondl~eii,'c inl ;ill .s di ,','fts net ,'<,,,.,.,d by+ -l ,, *', ;,' li ,'.,', I of the L rar ibrari I libI);raaphy and -,flf I -i (I c n('-p,.- :,t.l' ri',

lecItin)n pri ma ilyl htl iidl ri1:rvsts rIir'e: l,.. v r.I ) t-~i wd- i ,. \^ -

T lII~iii-; J11'F-r- li. N1111 1.ahl ll i-foi v 11.14;"olIiV U : -

] ill_('*te i t -:. :n d 1,' l il "_.", "i I ,, -
lt e,'ticl.- are 1t;wn' prip nI'al' V Tre.- of '11, A fr .IiiT)()II i, 111 t, lii ,

m ainta i i.- a S-pt.,int oIlCltwtioft ,,f ,PiI 1 ,,1.11i't -. i,,, l -;I+I l)"Il.)'.1,
A.\fric'anll a t"I 110o !o1-- -.]plhs, td1,( p .1roi<+, l, 'll(de ,.-.I t 11: 1 l:,,, ,(+l
IV ft" 1 l e l,,01W i tl t ;ld l t t t l ,. it to ;.-- + t irt :,. l l."+'
a. eas; (elitral aInd Lortl Hi,-('-- n, d i id*" A fio ..1. i:-t)(,' 1'1Ht .
Ell';t ]li1-.Z cfl t il,,'r W c .'Vt fr'ica:. F ,,.W 1,:t~ \ '.4 A+fri.,. *,
Southern Africa.
(? +,,71 ,, *, i(I.; 1 .,7, l 'ig', +~ /.
ref'ft eiiccti r', ,llectiion of chii.' 1" i,)okI i -l-i-- Lt : ,iEl -, ie
fOzrii,,n ]anr,_l1-2V,- i- m,:ittain- ed by the C(hih ven's '; c,,,k ,..t:oI. l".,-
.'ectiol i al-o i 1n 1intuii i- a bi)iiblo [iaplv on lll '. rens ti ,ii' k-.

TIli Loan Divis-io1n primarily provide:- iniorrH ioationlln1 1': ],i of
Librnirv 1late-ri'al aod l video the f iittlods -f () liti I-;ili-'' ,iI-
rial. l 'l fo it i: dr.-,.ilcd, in Sep-tion 2 ; f tlii n..It 2lIo. I t is1 1iit
Book iRool opeir-ted by the Loa in Divi.-o t ;i.- provi'le a \ Ii ; ola I
information and it is included here.
('auftol Rook Roonm
Tlie Capitol Book Room, a branch of the L,;l Divisi,) m and 1,ii ,
inl the liasciiient of the Capitol, contains a -iz il'le refern.1,- ., dl. in.
This .olle,.etiou inchi(les a!iina .il. 's dictionariiEl-., !eie vclopeia-,f.
books. biognraphical and bib1io,_,apl'iical directorietS, trade and bu-ir'-
dire-torieis. .iriverm iinital directoriLe and mai-uals. 1Book o- on :ii. Ta"'
and 1 1terat ii re. aZt n.-e a ld travel g tIIidt'., ai, 1 ti--eIlatth,,t- ref ,i,.i e
books and material.s. Copies of a number of lea.-ing 1twsp.pI+ all'l
period( ials are also available.
If the material you need from the Library is available on mricro-
film, you y requ c.-t that the micofili le -ent to the CTio- ,,-
Rloom. which has a microfilm reader. The Book Room al-, ha] mnuler-
ground tubes directly to the Loan Divi.-ion at the main aibilldii,. of tie
Library. One of the,.e tibles is a. book tube by wh]i,.h yvt .i-il have
Material delivered bot teen the Loan Divisioi aid the Capdit, 1
Room in a few niint iutes. Another tube is a .-is:1 to se-i n l-lri- and
letters between tile above mentionedl u inait!s.
Book Room staff is available for s,:i.-tte niial it. 'ernaltns oellu
as, long as either tle bHoii..e or Senalte are in -e.-dsion.
&VF PPP ad Tce!h aolo,71 p,,',.,o
Thie Sc'ienc oand Techlnology r Div*,,i a :i, pl,-riLary lo -loInbi'aitv
waiteIin the Lihirar.v of Conge.- -: for pnO'VidiIeIi refe;1'tL(ee. 1 i L :i i,
okand afer als ct.. the o,(tl ar, ube- of ..itni ie anwl i', .os'
'iis dlimsitoein maintains. te Lirary's colet:i'a eof oiemicilo ,.-


journals and technical reports, the latter mostly in microform. (The
largest current source of these technical reports is the National Tech-
nical Information Service (NTIS) of the U.S. Department of Conm-
mnerce. They include reports generated under the research and develop-
ment programs of the military departments, NASA, ERDA, and
other Federal agencies.)
This division carries out bibliographical projects, as well as op-
erating the National Referral Center for Science and Technology
and tlie Science Readling Room. For a more complete description of
the nii:.-ion and services of the Science and Technology Division a
brochure about the division may be obtained from the Office of In-
formation of tlie, Library of Congress.
Seiencef Reading Room,
The Library's collection of scientific books, journals and technical
reports are available through the Science Reading Room, maintained
by the Science and Technology Division on the fifth floor of the Li-
brary's Annex Building. Microform Readers are available for study
of the technical reports. A reference librarian is on duty to guide and
assist 4isers of the Reading Room in use of their reference collection.
National Referral Center
The National Referral Center will assist you in locating answers to
questions in science and technology by referring you to organizations
and individuals that can provide answers to those questions. The Cen-
ter itself does not attempt to furnish technical answers or references
to literature but will direct you to sources with specialized knowledge
of that subject.
Information is obtainable in three forms:
(1) An automated data base available through SCORPIO.
(2) By phoning the Center, or,
(3) By using one of the directories published by the Center
under the general title "A Directory of Information Resources in
the United States" with individual directories carrying the fol-
lowing subtitles
(a) "Federal Government, With a Supplement of Gov-
ernment-Sponsored Information Analysis Centers"
(b) "Social Sciences",
(c) "Biological Sciences",
(d) "Physical Sciences, Engineering",
(e) "General Toxicology", and
(f) "Water".
A brochure describing the National Referral Center's activities in
more detail is available from the Center.
Se ad Di Lvison
The Serial Division maintains the newspapers, magazines, journals,
official government publications (except Legislative), and foreign
government documents received by the Library of Congress. Recent
editions are unbomund, while others may be either unbound, bound, or
microfilue(I. The. Division receives most of the major magazines and
journals buit dos. not maintain a catalogue on them. The publication
"Newspapers Received Currently in the Library of Congress" pro-
vides a listing of available newspapers. There is some delay in obtain-
ing the more recent editions of newspapers and periodicals as they arc
received throuo'h the mail by the Division.

Al l,'.I and 6''',it Perod/'a7 Room
TIle (ollections of thle Serial I )i vision ar. p-,ri, arilv utiliz7ed thollgt1
til Newospaper and Curreit Periodical RoMi. This Room lhas micro-
film ri'aders for reading those serial on rimicrofilmi as well :is a iimiiler
of directorites pertaI ,1ii ig to lwisl)'papers and peridicals.
CE )I' oIOIIT ( ..'I-(
Offr',e of tl-'Ie ]ye.,. 0 r of Co/)yIiqhIfs
The Re2ister of C(opyriIghts exrci-es over-all dil'10tiol anId super-
vision of tihe work of the ('Copyriglit O()lie. iniclud(in work il con-
jun.tion wit] cop)yri,1ht levislntioin and]I ion of copy3i'dit
re.uitlaions. The ()fice of the lRaister includes a General CoI :.o l s
,tice with a leal and library staff, and a IPlanning and Technical
)ffip'e, with a .. alan l.,r I
L ft */rle Di,';.s;on
offi'^ of tie, C/uef
The Office of the Chief p)llans. directs and ,1coowdiniatbs the activities
of theI Division. Also. mainitains operational liia)ison with tle J.
Customs Service concerning thle implemeniitation of those. parts of the
'co)yri rt lawt lw liat relate to customs matters.
Iiifomatiom anld( Public,,f on Section
Tlie Information and Publications Section maintains the public
office for a-iswering mail and telephone inquiries about the copyright
law, regisl rat ion procedures, and copyright records, and for providing
assistance to visitors to the Copyright Ofice. The Section also provides
informational inaterial and various pubhlicatioms on copyright, as well
us occasional exhibits.
R, f(jr( ,nee Search Section
The Reference. Search Section conducts searches in the Copyright
Office records, furnishes reports on the copyright facts of record (in-
cluding certified search reports), and assists the public in using the
recTords of tlie Copyright Office.
Compliance Section
The Compliance Section is concerned with unregistered copyright
claims, comidicting searclies in the records to determine whether or not
Slpccified works published with notice of copyright have een deposite(l
for registration. If no record o f registration is found the Section
writes to tlhe copyright claimant concerning the deposit and registra-
tion req(uiremeints of the law and, when necessary, takes steps to in-
voke the de(alnd( p lrovislons of the statute for noncompliance. The
actions of the Compliance Section serve to obtain registrations that
would otherwise not be made and thereby to make a, part of thle public
records of the Office the copq)yright facts about such works; thus. in
particular instances, works ,de.-ired by the Lil)rarv of Congress are ac-
quired through the activities of the Comlpliance Section.
Va1t;eiu'a ?f/ii Pt r,.,m ,,l.,. Seco/tn,,
Thie Certifications and Documients Section furuiislies certifications
an(l certified copies of tlme official records of tile Copyright Office. in-
cldiling copies deposited for ratio, atlher certified statceiients.
ami mliscellaclous legal documents.


Cataloging Division
The Cataloging Divi -ion maintains the bibliographic and physial
(1(dsrip)tion of all copyrighted works reg-itered or received in the
Copyright Office in accordance with the provisions of the copyright
law (Title 17, U.S.C.), the recording of the legal facts of copyright
pertaining to each work, and the preparation of catalog entries in such
form as to provide effective rferenc ac'ss to all information of
record rt,'arding any copyright registrItion
thle recording of a-.ignments and other documents, notices of use,
and notices of intent to use, in accordance with the provisions of the
copyright law;
the production and distribution of all catalog cards required by the
Copyright Office and its clientele; and
the preparation for the printer and reproduction in other formats
of copy for all current and cumulative issues of the Catalog of Copy-
rigrht Entries.
Sterile Di sion
Office of the Chief
Tlie. Office of the Chief is responsible for planning, coordinating,
and directing- all activities of the Division.
Fiscal Control Section
Thie Fiscal Control Section examines and schedules all remittances
received, makes daily deposits with the Treasi rer of the United States;
prepares master control cards; assigns classification symbol-registra-
tion numbers to domestic and foreign material which meets registration
requirements; maintains appropriate accounting records; and prepares
all required financial statements and reports.
Materials Control Section
The. Materials Control Section conducts exha4stive searches in vari-
ouis files throughout the Office and the Library for missing elements or
data concerning pending cases; obtains and connects all elements (in-
cluding application, copies, and fee) required for the registration
process prior to forwarding material to the Examining Division; pre-
pares material for the consideration of the Selection Officers; separates
and forwards copies selected for the Library's collections; is respon-
sible for the custody and maintenance of the correspondence, and un-
finished business files of the Copyright Office; maintains a subject file
of all material of subject significaiice; and receives and dispatches all
Copyright Office mail.
Records Cont'ol Section
The Records Control Section maintains and services the deposit
copies that have not been selected by the Library of Congress; the ap-
plication records of copyright registrations and the Copyright Card
Catalogs; and affixes the Copyright Office seal to all certificates of
regiA' stration.
Exam "I "I' Dbi ison
Tlre duties of this Division are the examination of all applications,
certifications, copies, affidavits, and other material presented to the
Copyrigliht Office for the registration of original and renewal copyright
claims to determine their acceptability for re'ist ration under the pro-

v'kiono s of the copyright '. at t(te :iid (.,urt (ltdi,..i nii- : 1(ii. eoxifl il'I io
of aii.-s iIil(lIc its O(f Coplyrilght :,d111 rlt1l(.(l ((l<-iiiienl t '. l-i t iriii.ll l<> < -
riu ht. 1 lt~l i'ts of u Is l J('tl It< Q S'(' Of iiltelltioii to it'-IC l l l" it n Il ']e ttllll,':l
iin...trunlelils. pn- rsIlted for thie, conductt of lCL'ill re-,t'arch rrlat iILn' tot lhe iinterpret;it 11ion of tll,, <"I'Y"
right law ;tidt rof s-I lt inrg in the forIItulation of 1 ,lici's. p i<,ti.,. ;(
actIMIs of t]le EXaining Divi.-ion.
.\ INItlA\N RLEV. 1, IUI()N1X I',ICENTIN N 1.AkL ),11"( .1.
Tlhi( Ailll-catllt 'R EeNvolutiolIt B iteniiil ()W ire' l)1;1"- :mid i,)0o',iniit,-
a ,-Cri's of ,vi\'Iosia foci-iii 'i on themes of tlie .\Ainer.i'n I tevolutin,
publisl]es the p:aipe-rI. pre-i.lntt(1, and prov(i le L : t;i a o ted it)li<,1) :ll i,'.
of SU,2Lt'ctu c 11):i kLrroinid v(1 emid(m on tlie' Revolution. Thi- ()lice i- not
c,,oTi tet'd with tle iAmericain Revolution lBicentennial Af iiii t ,irt r ion.
NOTE: It is aintic'ilptIed that this <)lire \illl oIertv i1)t n1 only during
I lIo Bii'teiial yea;ir )tit continue duritig what i-,' 81,sidcrd' the
bicelutelli)ial periodl.
IAPEAl\( WO I .\.MNA1-.'311MNT '-TI' 'I N
Tlie Paper work \Li Ua ement SeCtilon of the Central Seirvice.- I)ivi-
sion as-ist Conzrcse-_ionia 1 offices in the organizi tioin, lmaint ('1iailic( ;,11(1
disposit ion of records and files.
Tlie Publications Office, under tlie A-i -tant Librari'a n, i primarily
an admliilititr'tive office of the Library of Congrie-s and it has the re-
:ponsibility for most matters relating to thee proctrenmeit of publiwca-
tions. Li!,rary of Congress materials maty be published under one of
three avs; by the Library itself, by the U.S. Governilment Printiniu
Office and available through them, or by private sources such as uni-
versity pers.-e-s.
Ti.-,j ,i',ice issues a varitv of information publications and ,ruiides
to the collectio publications with the title "Library of Congress Publications in
NoTE.-This Section, like the first one, hlias been broken down ilnt) t \o slbs.,-
sectiins. The first concerns CRS and the second covers the rest of the Library
of Congress.
It is not possible to completely separate tl)ose offices which could
rovid(le information on the admiinistlrattion of t1, Library or CIVS
from those offices that provide information about the orgaiiuizi.tion
and operations of tlie Library and CRS. Therefore. it is recomiiieded
that both Sections be studied to obtain as complete as possible listing
of available sources in both categories.

Congressional Research Service
The Director of thle Congressional Research Service serves as chief
of tlhe Senior Specialists Division and is in charge of planning aida


coordinating the policies, prograins, research and study projects car-
ried out by CRS. This office can provide comprehensive information
on the activities, workload, organization, and future plans of CRS.
Office, of Assiqninment and Reference Coord;nat/on
This office furnishes information concerning the receipt and assign-
mnent of congressional requests for research and reference.
.Assstant Director for Research and Analysis
This o.Tice, whose function is to monitor and maintain the quality
control of CRS research, provides information on the policies and
prociduircs relating to n's&ia lch methodology, especially that involved
ini major and inter-discipline projects. It is also the funnel for division
l)u(lget requests and specific area staff needs.
Office of Administration
This office can provide statistical information about CRS finances,
personnel, workload and reports.
Library of Congress
A i dmmdstratie, Depar'tment
The Administrative Department provides the necessary functional
support to all departments and divisions of the Library. It is respon-
sib)le for financial and personnel management, and for the automation,
preservation, and administrative management services and support
programs of the Library.
Office of the General Counsel
The Office of the General Counsel serves as the, legal advisor for all
matters relating to the administration of the Library.
Office of the Chief Internal Auditor
The Chief Internal Auditor plans and implements financial and
management-operational audits throughout the Library.
Loan Dvision
Tlie Loan Division is responsible for all loans made from the Li-
1)rary except those from the Law Library in the Capitol, and main-
tains a congressional waiting list to fill requests for materials not
readily available from the Library's collections.
In/for nation Systems Office
This office provides general and technical information about the
auitomnatic data. processing services to the various operations of tlhe
1Library. Divided into thlie C(omputer Applications Office, the Systems
D)evelopm(ent and Standards Office, and the Computer Service Center,
the ISO writes many of the functional software prograiis used in the
Library's computers, and provides information about the Library's
use of generalized software, as well as about the overall use, perform-
ance and security of the computer systems.
Worki'hg Group on Automation
Tlie Working Group on Automation is a joint group, CRS and ISO,
comprised of information specialists, analysts., and management per-
sonnel who coordinate, monitor, and evaluate congressional informa-
tion support activities related to automation.

Stao" amnd Reader Dio,'.i'on
iCustody and reader s.rvi,'e of tlie iei. ial bool, col.'t ioii .:0d main-
teiallca e anid service of tie Lilt I n i1'1V,,fihll, c1, cIi.'tion are tli, r('-
S omllsibilitiv' of thle Sftark ;il11 Re der I)ivi-iOn of t',. I.,,,. S,.rv-
i'es I)D partnment. 'he I)'i als pro vid s. stark p ;:.:-- :,i( -p,'-,ii
study facilities.
To facilitate r-(,;ircll proj;'cts involvinI L xt,.ive W of Ow
Library's collections, it Iiake. av:,ilalle a i iii 1".r of ..IIi (lVkI :iI l
s.- r'e e..l l e's ir a' I tIhe r(, ;lidi,1 roo -. Tlie (lei0 al fo) tt1 -, service
often exceLds tli' Cip)ply and1 it is not always p',-sibl t, ,-ive p. itive
assLI raI' es of 1Ian a::il rIineit. Al)pli,':tio -. tlirivf,!t. t 1 CWI1 -ildVTdl
oi the bas-is of fiiliti- :availble. t1e extent of '- i I }l) tle
iresearcher, a-d 1in . adiinister 1t b1v the Stack and Re:1er Divi)ion. A 11-olt -riI1
these fiailitiecs and the regulations i- available fromG tio 'ivi-i'n.
Pror, ssiiy D(tpartmciit
The 17 orgaiizatina;l unit and 15 over,,',as offi,., t,; ,;!.-t.:e uI tl
Processi.ig Departnientenncomlpa:-s a wide variety of i. p isibiiitii-. the acquisition and catalor.lI'i of iiiatpreil- a(1led to tilw
Library's collect ions and the di-t ribution of the ,i-'l uting 1 :ibli. .,'ijapliie
information in the forin of magnetic tapes. prot.f li,( technical
publications, publislied catalogs, and printed ,aitl tI lbr ic.- and
information centers throughout the world.
Many of the organizational units and over:ias ofli-.e of this. I)epart-
ment perform functions which would not provide information of ii-e
to a Member. However, a number of these units perfoi', du(ti,.-I which
would provide information about the adminii-t ration adi l operations
of tlie Library as well as information about the subject of their work.
These units and offices are listed below.
E.'chanfge and Gift Dir;s;on
The Exchange and Gift Division acquires library materials by
means other than by purchase, including exchanges with inistitution-
throughout the world, gifts from individual:, and organizations. and
receipts under special provisions of the law. such as publications
issued by the Superintendent of I)ocuments ((G.P.O.). tli'-, dep()o.-ited
under copyright regulations. and those transferred from other govern-
ment agencies. The exchange program center- on r, rilm a ar!:1nge-
Inents with governmental organizations andl .holalrly in.'t utions.
Special collections such as lper:onal papers and iiiail-ripts are
promiiimient among the gifts. The arqy;i- ition of U.S. Federal and -tate
publications entails review and selection of such public iri-,,1m. for
permanent retention by the Library and the prepar:',ion of lv..,; pub-
lications, the "Monthly Checklist of State PublicatioV<- a",l the "Nen-
GPO Ip)rints (h Cliecklist". Tlie Divi-ion i- al:, .-o -x-ible f-',r tlhe
custody and disposal of all surplus material. Infoii'Itin, with i',':a.Il
to tlhe regulations on the di.,posal of siirpi- i materiall is conti ,n d., in
the "Congressiomial Handbook" published by the Joint CoI':. uttee on
Congilressional Operations.
TC/I .'r,,l P,'oe ,. s ,.,' IP^',/'.h 0Offir
Tlli Technical Pro,-,.-es IRee-arch O(ffie plans 11:; adiniL-te;rs il-
vestigatio.s of the Library's methods of catalog cont,,1.-'. .:* as de-


s,.iptive cataloging, classification, subject analysis, indexing, and file
aTrIIangemIent, with special emnpliias on how automation may affect
them. The Ofiice designs studies to evaluate the individual methods in
the context. of catalog control as an integrated process, to suggest, im-
provements, and to provide a sound ba:-is for automating these
MARC Derelopmn iit Office
In addition to other duties, this Office also plays a major role in
developing national and international standards for automation of
bibliograiphic records for all types of material.
O 'er,eas Operations Divi. ion
TIice Oversea. Operations Division administers the Library's foreign
field operations which have been eztabli-]1ed under the National Pro-
grain for Acquisition and Cataloging (NPAC) and the Special For-
eign Currency Program under Public Law 480. This Division is re-
sponsible for the rapid acquisition and cataloging of important cur-
rent library materials published throughout the world. To carry out
tIbis responsibility this Division has field directors in residence in 15
overseas offices.
Decimal Classification Division
Tlie Decimal Classification Division develops, revises and prepares
for publication the "Dewey Decimal Classification" in full and
abridged editions, classifies titles in the major western European lang-
uag.-s according to the Dewey system; and provides guidance on a
worldwide iasis, in the interpretation and use of the system.
Calalog Manag,/(.ent Division
The Catalog M5 management Division plans, organizes, and maintains
tlie ,cneral card catalogs of the Library, which include the Main
Catalog, General Serials Catalog, Official Catalog, Annex Serials
Catalog, National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections, Far
Eastern Languages Catalog, Law Catalog, Music Catalog, Catalog of
Juvenile Books, and other special card catalogs as assigned. In addi-
tion to its work on the various catalogs of the Library, the Division
provides reference service concerning the receipt and location of ma-
terials in the Library through its Process Information File.
Catalog Publication Division
The Catalog Publication Division plans, compiles, edits, and pre-
pares for publication the comprehensive book catalogs which form the
"National Union Catalog" and other Library book catalogs, including
"Subject Catalog" (formerly "Books: Subjects"); "Music, Books on
Music, and Sound Recordings" (formerly "Music and Phonorecords");
"Films and other Materials for Projection" (formerly "Motion Pic-
tures and Filmstrips"); the "National Register of Microform
Masters":; "Newspapers in Microform: United States"; "Newspapers
in Microform: Foreign Countries" (formerly "Newspapers on Micro-
film") ; "Symbols of American Libraries"; "Library of Congress
Name IHeadings with References"; "Monographic Series"; and
"Chinese Cooperative Catalog". The Division edits and prepares for
public ion miscellaneous catalogs, and indexes in cooperation with
other divisions of the Library, by arrangement with other govern-
ment agencies, and by contract with professional organizations or


comimiierci:al publi-ller-; a'ts as (lie official liaisol I witl other lilLr.l.'-
on m:Itters ( e1tlting to tine r, uirevirts for relortinig to t01f .nt i i
lUnion Ca:t:l,1r": and .''vc- :a a cls'.IIiiJous, fort miCftilmi lro-
gF1ra1 s ;.id for tine developmentt of iai(ioii:l regitters of certain
Cii^oi.'inc l~lf J),/'t1,/',;',I[7' ,!'/i S,'r^^; ,' D/V.'v ':/on-.
TIl '- Cat:ioLiii, Dl)ist'ilition S ervi,' Divi'i.-on h,- caurd printed
nd siTpp1i'1 to the Liliarv of v(,-I aInI ot ier litwari,.-, sells ,ibli-
o ra p1liic data in the form of p)rooft's5e1t-. printed c;I rds. nmchie-
'e;;dab le tapl,',- (MARiC), lb)1k 1;ia 1<1d-. and t('l(iii l t (iibl ic;iii-
to libih ainv-. I.ariied societit-:. prIft-:-ional i;istitlitio),-. ,_,,ver)m(illIt
ai2t'it'-. private institutiOIl-. and 'OO,''rative and coini.,rcira! 1)ro1.-
-.:.i-ij centers: alnd it;iJitains the Iii:I-ter bibliograpiZ c la;:i l>;e f,'r
ti'e -:le of all of 1he Libra'y1's catalo(i)g. Tiffs I)ivibitT i- ti, 11i'
solr.e of nmo.t of tlhe catal ilnr inforiiiation in the IUnited States
and nmi-t always be the court of la-t z',-ort for seldoii used rICO(d.
S, r<',,,! Reoond D~v'8'o,
The Serial Record Division nimaintains the record of the Libr:iir y's
serial holdings in Roman. Greek, IHebraic, and Cyrillic alphali ,t (ex-
clusive of newspapers) ; lists all new titles in "New Serial Titles"; aidl
provides reference serve in response to questions from within tihe
Library and from other government agencies which (can be. aiswercd
from its files. The National Serials Data Programin Section functions as
the U.S. national center in the International Serials Data Systemi, a
network of control centers responsible for the registration of serial
publications and the exchange of data about serials through the prep-
aration of standardized bibliographic descriptions which highlight tlhe
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) and a unique "key
Photo(odptleeatwion Se rv ee
The Photoduplication Service responsibilities include the furnish!-
irn, for Congress, the Library itself, other government agencies, and
the general public photoduplicates of material in the Librarv's collec-
tions. These services include electrostatic positive prints, facsimile
prints, 35mm microfilm negatives. 35mm microfilm -positives, photo-
prints from 35mm minicrofilm, photographic negatives. photographic
prints, view photograllphs, and blue line or black line prints. Tlhe
Photoduplication Service also assists other units of the Library in
preservation of their collections.
A brochure outlining the photoduplication services is available from
the Library, the rates of such services, and conditions of service is
available from the Photoduplication Service at the Library.
Central "c''r Di""on
The Central Services Division is responsible for the receipt, routingl.,
and dispatch of mail: mainteiian.ce of the Central Files of the Library;V
provision of local transportation services required by the Library
staff; preparation of camera copy, reproduction by offset method,
assembling and di-seiuatin_-, as required, of adlimin is''tative issIM n(I t-
and(l near-print publications; distribution of publications and iiilail!te-
nance of stock and mailirng lists; maiitenance of tlie official list of
officers of tlie Library; and operations of the Library's telecommiuni-


(cat ions services. iThe Division has Library-wide responsibility for the
organization, maintenance and disposition of official records; design
and inventory of forms; and conduct of surveys and Istudies to improve
management of official records. The Chief is the records officer of the
Library, is the custodian of the Library's official seals, provides liaison
between the Congr'essional offices and the Library on paperwork man-
agement matters and related problems, and plans and directs the
functions of the three. sections of the Division, the Administrative
Services, Paperwork Management, and Printing and Processing
Budget Office
The Budget Office bears the major responsibility for formulating
budget policy within the overall Library policy framework and for
devising and executing the budget program; provides budget service
to the Library and is responsible for the day-to-day supervision of all
budget operations irrespective of the source of funds and for other
related functions such as preparation of budget reports.
Offi(-c of Assistant Director for Per. on nel
Responsibility for directing and coordinating tle Library's person-
nel nmanagemient lproiram inrts with the Office of the Assistant Direc-
tor for Personnel. The Assistant Director represents the Librarian in
personnel matters, develops, implements, and reviews the Library's
personnel program; : carries out certain con trol functions: assists and
services the Librarvy's constituent activities: and serves as the
Library's liaison officer with the Civil Service Commission and other
Federal agencies in personnel matters. Develops plans for more effec-
tive utilization of the Library's manpower resources, and for coordi-
nating the planning of the Librlarys intermediate and long-range
staffing needs.


Congressional Research Service
Office of Special Programs
This office plans and develops new services for Congress, monitors
ongoing special programs, administers CRS seminar and orientation
progIrams for the Congress, and develops and coordinates CRS auto-
mated information and systems analysis programs. It is particularly
helpful in explaining the content and uisagre of CRS automated data
files and systems. A booklet entitled "Services to Congress" is pub-
lishlied by this office.
A...''.stant D;iector for Congre.?sional Committee Relationships
This office maintains continuous liaison with congressional com-
mittees, discerning and channeling their needs and assuring the re-
sponsiveness of CRS. Specifically it provides information about the
subject research and terminating programs lists.


Library of Co,1 Jirit1s

OWiof ,%1 f'ohifiof
"I'lh ( lI'i e of t e I biI :Ir'i:. of (C ,,.2T .-- is r"'- ,"nitl for tie ,,',er-
;ill phln il r a dl dl i -.,'t.,on" of the p1ro.''d,. ,-,r i,,- :n11l op.'diti s
(f the 1il,:irv. T lr ',n, li t ,v i (i"l of it- -,iilivisi.n,-. tL- ()!i,'e of tlhe
Liblrari:nl i-. the chief .-4r', ,f ,..nei :tl ifr lt:iti,,n al o, t tlil orgai-
i:tti,,, history, op,,rations. .ol.'ti -. .exlhibit: ;:,d pul licati,,i-, (if
tie' Lilbrary.
.Dcl,,tvt/ ,r ih!'fi rntn of ("'nn,', ,.'
I"1in I), tirvy I.ilirari:in of (,orv,'-.- .i:i, ,- ,,ith the L hilr:irji.t anld
tie A a IIt I1)].,1ri-I'l ove -;i 11 i !1iitiii i oI tne Li 'wi i If
Conr as rIlv : w hii'h i dl Ide i,' *omMi (l!aiton'I for ,ii-o,-il of surpIif- ii:iteriails ill
the Lilw:Irv's- coil ',.ion.s. t:ivel. -,to w lir> o ,iii'l iatter-. pii ,.!,1:i-i tl
;Iill p-ilin oI l)ool<- Or I ibrary iriliterirt1 -: ;111d rfi|) Iportion 11if 'it o
f~i~ iininer cert..1i' cii i-t arind'.. In t-l(Itiol. tle I)eplIty LilwTr-ri:i1
.(K)'',Ilimt- l itc 1) .(rrtl,- of tlhe IAbr:irv tinan,-.-Id \ with ift a:1 U trusts
fun Id-. ; well :s exe;i .Iing wieral oveisiglit over isuch p r1)1" 1. ,i-.
I I'.st/ /n L of Co;qri# R.
Tlie A-.-i-tnt Ll!,':'I, a1 ,f ('o:,_':',' sha:'o, with the LiliArian a(,I
the Deputy l ih;'rimn o\..rail administrati r of the Lilbrary of C'ni-
gn.-,. The A.s-i-rant lii,'r::rina of Con,_,n fs confers \th repr. -enta -
tive- of the LiA1,: rv and other p:-,fife,--irlnal aniid itrneti, organ il/ations
Oil of mutual -on ern corWilillatt,- rel.tiolis between th l
Librarv :ai.d tle ('o, lres. ex'.-ept for normal relations involvin-' tlhe
providing of res-ear'h and referencee service to Coigre-s-. with rel-pon-
sibilit' for rev!iewinf the wokl; of the JLei.lative Liai.-,,mn Oe"ice :( di-
ri','ts arranrienneiit for major special events in the Library, or e0se-
where when tllhe Library is a co-sponsor, and drafts or review.- da fts of
all l-peecldi -, art iles. and statements prepared. for the Librarnian 's I-.
Lo,-;.,,1iffe L;,ito/ 09Yr,'
Tihe Legislative Liai-on Officer i- the infomIational link to ('on-il-
gzrvss about leg: lbtion .'t ing tl, Library, buln-,.tary statisti'-s. amd
general l qu-tions aIbo-iut t',e Liibrary and its :-ervice-.
Fedt ,'tJ Librauy Co, mittee
The Fedieral Liira.rv( Committee considers anid recommeled-l mea-
ur'- for tle impllemerntatio:n of 'eder:l library poli'ie!- and pr,,r..mds.
a:nd -crves as :i: foruni for the communication of information iii,
IFederl lIP ira ui, :-~ In lil)?a r uisers.
A> ,fv',''fr for A.iia(i'' ''in *hi 1 L/'II !f'/ .^ *// 'A
'Flii- A.:-is-ant Libi'arian of ( ',,iir,'-s lireets thle aIctiviti'o- of th,
Amnerical RIevolutioln BicentennIiial Office, anid plrovildes c.,ordlinatt ,
and .-,upport to t lie A ieria i,' Folklife Center, the Oliver Wend ill
IIol nmes ID)evis, and the Natiolnal ( on New Teeli o1h,01,'al-
l'.-s of Copyright' -d Works. Ini alditiimn, this As-i-tant Lilrari; ;i-
sist. the a- Secretary of the Library of Co,_r-ivs- Tru-t i"iid


Board, as well as develop, plan. and implement various intellectual and
cultural programs associated with Aierican and library studies.
American Fo,'7ife Center
Thle Ameri.':;m Folklife Center, created by the Americ'an Folklife
Pres'rvation Act of 1976, coordinates both within and outside of F.,1-
eral Governnment tie efforts to prc'.erve Americ aii folklife.
Pcrm n'ii, C,' mw;ittee for the O1;,,-:r ei M dell Holmrs .Der;se
This Committee established by the Congress, oversees the use of the
reso) ,of the 0 l (,-tate of Oliver Wendell t)ollnes in tihe prep a rnton
of a definitive history of the U.S. Supreme Court.
,atlo'.,l (Comi.sson on Yew Teehnoiol cal Uses of Copyrig/ed
or's (CONlTU)
This Conlmission established by the Congress, in 1974. studios ., n
conpiles (data on the repro(luction and ,1., of copyrighted wori-- of
authorship and the creation of new works by the application or in-
tervention of such automatic systems as computers, or machine
A~s;fa ',t Li Uraran of Conaress for Public Education
The Assistant Librarian of Conzress for Public Education directs
the activities of the Exhibits Office, the Information and Media S :"v-
ices (.liee, the Publications Office, and the Interpretive Proj 4ts
Exhibits Office
Tnd1er the generall direction of the Assistant Librarian, the Exhibits
Officer develops proposals for exhibits for the entire Library.
Publications Office
This ofi ce issues a variety of informative publications and guides to
the eollecotions in the Library, for other libraries, scholars and the Lfn-
eal 1)ubl)lie. Available free is the Lib)ra?/ of Congress Pub Iicat;o,.., *,,
Prnt (March 1975) containing a listing of 395 such publications and
information about ordering.
In formation an d Media Sr2,'ices Office
As thle principal source of general information about the Library,
Ibhis otlice provides a monthly "Calendar of Events in the Library of
Conr,,=s," listing current andl upcoming exhibits, concerts and liter'.ry
programs of the Library.
A..s.'','t/~f Director for Pr s''r?',7tion
The Office of the Assistant Director for Preservation is responsible
for all offices engaged in directing and coordinating activities th1oug1iI-
out thle Library relating to the preservation, protection. mainten-.,oe,
and restoration of all Library materials and collections with the ex-
ception of motion picture films and sound recordings. In addition, this
ohice coordinates and develops the Library's centralized budget for nil
preservation activities.
(C'oelOle-fon /3ainte(naf e Offfce
Tlhe (1Colle tions Maintenan.-'e Office is responsible for tlhe phy.i. i'
care 0n1d maintenance of the collect ions, including the routine elmin-
ing of the collections, and for s-heduling and carrying out the trea+-


Iur(it of leatlerloun id nateri:al- 1 l. As li develop)-l r,.ih',iri'? ] -
ti,'(.,, coV('iili!, 1 -I )ecial ('o, (itiol-4 for thie p)o )pUr ,toi.;Iio' f Lihi.;.
n .itero als;; 11monitors tnvirnnii'n tl ,'nilitin- in ,ill -li'k a m,. i-,-
iar :- these relate to pr-t-.rvt ationi : d i nrijd: iiiil s t .,',11,11Iidati,'-' for
biilhliril, or boo)kstack inodilfi'"atioifs to proiiite, the I), '.:I i \ition )of
Library liiatcials.
P're-,eriation MiAr'ofilm in g Office
i lie Preserviation1 Micro)filning Oflice is '.,,sible for tlie (-n(duet
a"i,! I1Iana,,eiz u'llt .of the Lil)airy's )Pro,.-':i i to p ,-,.rve ,y ,,iii ,iii ii-
iiiir ;iil, w1lln ne'ssiwry, aIrariite' for or lllak ri'woliiiiii (Io;tioll f1,r
ti itt' i,-pair, o r repltcii' it)It (r of ,i t (eriorated, (I ,jii e d. :;idI
ladii!ated ntniterials. Tliis oifli'e i.; a!.:,o () -ponsil)le for naint.inin.f r
lia .-oii with Library of Co 'er-:s unit-m and other librarii-) enIiit. _,rLl i i
pri,,"Iralis to preserve Librairy materials by microfilming.
P, -., 11,,.i'on Research and Tegtinn Otff,',o
The Preservation Research and Testing Office is responsible for the
coz:tduct and mana;,,enement of a broad-lbas.,l1 reselarce~hpr,'()ni i,',iv.r-
iii-,, the perminaene, durability, preservattion. anld '(rest o',tion lof- all
types of Library materials. This office also tests, as required and ilmain-
Iainis quality control over supplies and materials us,,1 ill. or relati'l to,
tlt.u restoration :mid preservation of Library materials.
Rcs0oration Office
The Restoration Office is responsible for the preservation and resto-
ration of all Library materials, including rare books, manuscripts,
works of art on paper and photographs, maps. newspapers, tlhe general
book collections, and all non-book materials. This office is also respon-
sible for the investigation and development of new and advanced
techniljues in the restoration and conservation of Library materials.


The O(icn, of TecIhologiv Asss.Ii(hit \\(-S <-iblidl' ,s a Ir.,i,-a
lative agienicv y with the enaorctient of the Tlechnolir.v As,.-iiment Act
of 1972 (P.L. 92-4S4).

According to the above ii entioined public law, the funitctiolns of ('I'A
arc to:
(1) Identify exiting or pro,;ible imp:cts of technol,-y oi
technological programs;
(2)) where pos-ible, a-,ertain cause-and-eflecft re.1tion-i ip;
(3) idlenitify alternative technological methods of ilmplement-
i1 '_ specific pro.!rlSan :s.i;
(4) identify alternative plorinms for achieving requisite
(5) male estimates and comparisons of the impacts of :lter-
native methods and programs-;
(6) present findingg. of completed analyses to the appropriate
legislative authorities ;
(7) identify ;t,. i ,- where additionn.'! '-e,,arch or data rollec-
tion is required to provide adequate support for the a-es-t,-ments
and estimates described above;
(8) undertake such additional associated activities as the alp-
propriate authorities may direct.

The t:fitute further provides that assessment activities undeirt:aken
by OTA nmay be initiated by:
(1) the Chairman of any standing, special, select, or joint
committee of the Conjrej-. acting for hiim-:ilf or at the request of
either the ranking minority member or the majority of commit-
tee members:
(2) the Technology Assessment Board;
(3) the Director of OTA, in consultation with the OTA

Due to the responsibilities mandated by law to the Office of Tech-
nology Assessment, this agency provides little direct information to
Members and their staffs. However, lbeause of these functions, the
agency may be the starting point for locating technical or siontifie
information resources. It is suirae:teld that the Office of the Director
at OTA be called to see if the a:encv may be able to assist you.
Descriptions of the orfianizational struturvie and reouvees listed below
will give you an indication of their areas of study.


Assrs.sment program areas
The Office of Technology Assessment is organized into broad pro-
gramin areas, such as Oceans, Transportation, Energy, Materials, Food,
and Health. These areas are broken down further into specific studies.
Each area can provide a number of information resources but they
will be limited. Some studies are not undertaken here in Washington
and the persons performing them will be unavailable.
Assessments made by OTA, including any information obtained,
surveys, studies, reports, and findings related thereto, are first made
available to the initiating committee or appropriate committees of
the Congress, after which they are made available, in most instances,
to others.
Assessment Program Manager
The activities and studies of a specific Assessment Program Area
are coordinated by the Program Manager.
Advisory Panel
An Advisory Panel of expert consultants is established for each
Assessment Area.
Public Participation
Public participation experts at OTA establish contact within areas
in the United States included in any study being made by OTA, with
citizens and various interests groups to provide information about the
assessment, its subject matter, the probabilities of potential impacts,
and the public policy issues which stem from them.
The Office of Technology Assessment has a small research library
primarily to provide current information for the research staff and to
coordinate requests for service from the Congressional Research Serv-
ice of the Libra ry of Congress.
Two special files are maintained by the OTA Library. One file con-
tains material on the history of OTA, while the second is a file of
reports issued by OTA.
Assessment studies which have been approved are made available to
the Congress only upon release by the requestor. The studies may also
be released to the public except where release would violate security
statutes or violate exceptions shown in the Freedom of Information
Information about the activities of OTA may be obtained from the
Annual Report of the Office which is required by law.
A J9VsoP?/ Counci
The Advi ory Council according to OTA is to advise on such te,'h-
nolocry assessment matters as may be requested by the Congressional
Administrative and financial aspects of the OTA operations are
overseen by the Administrative Officer who reports to the Director.

Technology Asscssmnent Board
The Congressional Board. consisting of six Senators and six R.p-
res^antatives sets the policy and provides oversight for the operations
of the Office.

The Offile of the Director and the Congressional Board described
above are primary sources of information about the operations and
organization of OTA. A general outline of these operations may be
obtained from the Office's annual report.


Tlhe lUnited States Seviate as a body, serves not only as a legislative
entity, but also as an infoi-iation -oL iiurce for its Meiberis and tlhe
Menlbers of the U.S. HoILse of Replre:enltativTs.
T'lv Laderslip of the U.S. Senate, coi-po.'ed of the Majority
Leader, tlie Minority Leader, and the Assi.tilant .Mlajority and Miiinor-
itv Leaders, provides advice in connection01 with thii legislative activity
oi tlihe Senate, when it is art inigi, as a unit.
Officials and Offices of the Leadership are sources of information
regar dilg the majority and/or minority positions on the i.-':ues(s) or
on specific pieces of legislation, planned and propose(l Senate floor
activity schedules, and varietal legislative activity of -()e entities of
the Senate.
The Parliamentarian is responsible for advising the presiding, offi-
cers and \Memibers of the Senate on parliamentary situations an(t
procedu res.
The Senate Parliamentarian's Oilice may be consulted about parlia-
nientary procedures dealing with bills and resolutions wliich have lictit
referred to that body.
Established under the rules of the Senate, the Document Room
provides copies of Senate and House bills and documents, resolutions.
reports, public laws, compilations of laws, and various other publica-
tions. For a list of subjects for which there are compilations see palre
122 of the Con gr..ssional Handbook for the Senate.
The Docinument Room utilizes the Aquarium system for accOlssine the
Senate Library computer for research and indexing purposes. This sys-
tent allows one to request a bill by its number, sponsor, or subject
matter. Companion bills mnay also be requested by this procedure. If the
r'equester knows exactly what. is needed, a telephone an.-weri n service
is a available.
Individual Senators, Senate committees and committee staff, and
comnimittee documentets all serve as valuable information sources. For
an explanation of the data obtainable from these refer to the
report "Inventory of Information Sources in the U.S. IInii ,of
The Senate Library is a legislative quick reference lib'airy primarily
for Senators and Senate staff. House Mem ,eri and House staff maynv
utilize the facilities and materials of the Librnry ]Lbut are. not granted


loan privileges. The Library originated in 1871 and it is the depository
for all congressional documents produced by the Senate and its com-
mittees. Most congressional documents produced by the House and its
committees are also on deposit in the Senate Library. For a representa-
tive list of available volumes see Appendix C, page 151 of the Con-
gresioawl Handbook for the U.S. Senate.
Major information services available to House Members and staff,
time permitting, from the Senate Library are the two automated sys-
tems for retrieving information on legislation.
The Bill Status System disseminates bill status information on
all bills and resolutions before Congress, and it is responsive to
questions on bill status posed by bill number, sponsor or cosponsor,
committee or subject matter.
The Scorpio System provides access to three data bases of the
Library of Congress: The Bill Digest File, the Major Issues File,
and the Bibliographic Citation File-provides references to pub-
lished materials on a variety of subjects related to significant cur-
rent issues.
Other available information services include responses to legisa :-tive
and general information inquiries, assistance of the librarians, read-
ing room, limited research, and limited photocopying of needed data.
A recent addition to the Senate Library was the Micrographic Cen-
ter. Services available from the Center are the use of the microfiche
films of printed congressional hearings, reports, documents in the U.S.
Serial Set, and bills and resolutions beginning with the 91st Congress.
If copies of the information contained on the fiche are needed, several
reader/printers are available.

Congressional Hearings File--- ..--
Witness Index to Congressional
Hearings File.
CIS U.S. Serial Set File----------

CIS Microfiche Library File-----

Bills and Resolutions File-----
Committee Prints File-------

Opinions of the Attorney General--....
Statistical Abstract of United States
Government Printing Office (GPO)
Monthly Catalog.
Agriculture Yearbook-----------.

New York Times 35mm ------



Printed hearings of House and Senate
Committees (1839-1969).
Name index of witnesses testifying
before Congressional Committees
Numbered legislative reports and num-
bered documents of the House and
Senate (1817-1969) (to be completed
by 1979).
All hearings, numbered legislative re-
ports, numbered documents, commit-
tee prints of the House and Senate,
Senate executive reports and docu-
mnents (1973-Present).
All bills and resolutions of the House
and Senate (1969-Present).
Committee prints of House and Senate
(circa 1900-1969) (available in
Legal opinions of Attorney General
Statistical data (1878-1968).
Catalog of government publication iq-
sued and indexed by GPO (11"%:15-
Yearbook published by Department of
Agriculture (1894-1968 with exep-


The Senate Maanual is prejLIred each Congress by the Senate Coin-
mitte, on Riles andl Admiinistration and contains tlie standing rules,
orders, laws, and resolutions affectingr the SeIULte. Ab.-) incIud(ed are
lists o(if Senators and memil)ers of thel Execuitive Branch.
The Joint Committee on Congressional Operations prepares and dis-
tributs thle (ton/lir. .xlolJ Handboo\k, S'enate ve('r.s1lIo, ta hoo-Ieaf
compendium of admninistrativt information for Senate office. which
is updated frequently. Specifically, the Senate Confqre.q-.-i'al Hand-
bnook dtiscribes the allowances for establishing and imaiintaiiiang Senate
offices. services available to Senators, information sources, privileges
of Senators and benefits of employment.
The Handbook also provides detailed descriptions of the duties and
responsibilities of the officers of the Senate who perform or direct ad-
ministrative functions and disseminate what can best be described as
management information.

Upon request, the Joint Committee on Congressional Operations
will provide assistance to improve Senate offices' organization and
management. Grid boards simulating office suites and scale models of
office furniture and equipment are available for use at the Joint Com-
mittee on Congressional Operations. They can be used to visually ar-
range staff and equipment placements.

The Senate Office of Public Records serves as a depository for
original Senate documents pertaining to the following areas: Tlhe
Federal Election Campaign Act (at the present time): the Federal
Lobbying Act; The Federal Corrupt Practices Act; Expenditures of
Foreign Currencies and Appropriated Funds; Statements of Contri-
bu tions and Honorariums; Political Activity of Congre-sioiial Em-
ploye(-; Supplemental Financial Disclosure by (Candidate.s; Volun-
tary Disclosure of Finanial Status of Senators; and. Listings of
Sen-ate Committee Professional Staff Memnilers and Their Salaries..
The documents which are on file with the Office of Public Records
are open to the general public. Copies of some of those report- and
statements are available on request. For further information and/or
quez-tions regarding the documents mentioned above, visit or call tlhe
Office of Public Records.

T1.e Office of the Curator was established by S. Rep. :,2. O.tobpr 1,
1POS for tlhe purpose of caring, protecting. :iiia placing of works of art,


exhibits and historic objects in the Seiate wing of the Capitol and
the Seii.ite Office Buildings. The major responsibility of this office lies
in the maintenance of the history of the Senate through its documents
and artifacts.
Within the next 2 years, the Office plans to publish an illustrated
work on the fine and decorative arts located in the Senate wing of the
Capitol and the Senate O(ffice Buildings. The plan also calls for an
updated version every 5 years.
The Curator's office also has computer facilities capable of limited
research in locating works of art, historic objects, and other memora-
bilia under the jurisdiction of the Senate. and of giving an historical
background to various rooms in the Capitol.

The Senate Historical Office was established under the provisions
of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act of 1976, to serve as a
clearinghouse for legislators, scholars and the general public inter-
ested in the history and tradition of the Senate and its Members.
The primary function of the office is to collect, organize, and dissemi-
nate, primary source documents produced by the Senate which have
never been published. In addition to printed source documents, photo-
graphs and other pictorial representations will also be collected and
In carrying out its responsibilities, the Office will work closely with
standing committees of the Senate to decide what is worth publishing,
what might be sent to the National Archives, and what might be filed
for release at a later date.
Future plans call for the establishment of an oral history program
consisting of transcribed recollections of present and former Members
and staffs that will eventually be released to the public; and publish-
ing a document detailing the location and scope of collections of for-
mer Senator's papers.
Since the following publications contain information about the
Senate and the House of Representatives, they were included with
explanations, in section three of the Inventory of Information Sources
in The U.S. House of Recpresentat;res.
Rules Adopted By The Committees of Congress
Court Proceedings and Actions of Vital Interest to the Congress
Congressional Directory
Biographical Directory of the American Congress
Congressional Pictorial Directory


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