Essays on various subjects, principally designed for young ladies

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Material Information

Title:
Essays on various subjects, principally designed for young ladies
Physical Description:
84 p. ; 16 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
More, Hannah, 1745-1833
Publisher:
Mathew Carey, 1796
Place of Publication:
Philadelphia
Manufacturer:
Dover & Harper, pr.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Conduct of life   ( lcsh )
Conduct of life   ( fast )
Genre:
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 06644890
ocm06644890
Classification:
lcc - BJ1681 .M76 1796
ddc - 093
System ID:
AA00022090:00001

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Title Page
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Introduction
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
    On dissipation
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Thoughts on conversation
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
    On envy
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
    The danger of sentimental or romantic connections
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
    On true and false meekness
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
    Thoughts on the cultivation of the heart and temper in the education of daughters
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
    The importance of religion to the female character
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
    Miscellaneous observations on genius, taste, good sense, etc.
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
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SUBTUCTS.


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Y 0 U N C; L A D I L S.


1. % 1 i s I! A N N AR i! N. 1 i L'.


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<" !! .- .' p f R S E U R C : .
PR i :;r.- L. ,v DO\-; i-, HWl ARP ,
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CONTENTS.


ntrod -n Page S

O? Dfflpation, 1 1

7"'... ; on onfonerfataion. 19

0n Envy, 29-

The Danger cf .,.' t. or Romantir Conneltions, 33

On true and falfe !Meeknojfi, 4J

Thoughts on he Cultivation of the Heart and Temper

in the Education cf Daughters, 50

The Importance of Religion to ihe Female Charader, 63

lf'fcellaneous Obfervations en Genius, Tafe, C.. d

Senje, 6&c. 7







w


MISS MORE's ESSAYS.







IN TR ODU C T ION.



IT is with the utmoft diffidence that the following
pages are fubmitted to the i;i', fi)Lnion of the pub-
lic:. yet, however the limited abilities of the author
may have prevented her from fucceeding to her wifh,
in the execution of her prJ .nt'attempt, fhe humbly
trufts that the uprightnefs of her intention will pro-
cure it a candid and favourable ri-c'tc Thelfe lit-
tle 'ld y.; ir'r h > Tl, calculated for the youngerpartof
her own fex, v hi,,'-, L flatters herfelf, will not efteem
them the lefs because they were written immediately for
their service. She by no means pretends to have corn-
pofed a regular fyftem of morals, or a finiflhed plan of
conduct: the has only eideavoured to make a few re-
Siarkson fuch circumftances as feenmed to her l-iCt-
tible offome improvement, jnt <:i fl h fii.'|in;_s as fhe
fim.1'n-edj "\. r.' p." I ticularlv ;[.i i'ir to ,o'djng ladies,
on th,.T Vill6,t 1t:' ..!,t.1'i V t t .',..* l.. She hopb t
t1i.f N ill1 ji-it .)L t-% 'c- P l, if" lh la, i i. -ion ]il,'po n'.t-
td iut ctrtai ,,'lit -, i rii, I di ':.;ltd c. rtaii tt Trrpcirs
drn 1 .)I)it'j :]L, j a. /. ,'/..r ; ,. i Q.jp aw 1,ai37.-rd- d
) oti .-~a t ,: \ rich p ,. ir3?1 ..ro';. ftr-.* l, i
tL


L





INTRODUCTION 10 N.


jcdt, on thi i.'t't rcrt charalt r. \l which mark tile fexes.
rAnd here ag'il fIle t.kts dtk. L-bL-rtv to repeat that
thelt- du!tin,.'.., i ancot tLi t n.c, m niritaried ; for
el ides tli-ok f, .ii rt2M qe lit c; .>inic,.i t*, lt i .%b each
le- ltia 1 I E I lI' i U ati c, p'.prpri.tt ; ( |..i 1tions,
M 1hi7h1 ,, 0o ll tti(t. to ItL- nri-l itorious, tt-c iiill'aitt they
cta I',' to be appriipri i.ed. Nattire, l'orimici f, and
cu.r!i,'i hivr prl'; i-ii'ld c:tun n11 bounds to c.cli ; bounds
.hiclh the prudent and thlt candid ill nit-\ir attempt
t.- bri..l; don n ; sad i,'dctd it v.o'dJ te h.L impo-
i t,: t.0nuihi~att hiflii-ti.nnsIrl'nin A l.lchi tain .-'quires
St I1tlknL.., ir.l ro ituiri.pt iMun'at[on, LiP \v huh both
v. .Mid bc I -, r.
o'nt ri, lth.refbre, nevt'r und rfland their on n in-
tt rclis Ib little, as -when ilt\ afl.tt linL'c quihilitiesand
ieccompliQincnt-., from lilt \nr 4il' % Inch ithei, derive
i tir l.gi., It necrt. h rh ... cthy of. human
L.ind,"' la\ an ;,dinircd \\ritr., I'-.al:inri of the fex.
Gi'czrer d-lic-.cv eviddntly iniplie.s grcatcr frdgifl-
1/; aad this wtakncl's, natural amd ni-ralI, clearly
-.oirtst out tht n;cceflity ot'a ftiiprior dJLI eLC oifcautionf,
ret!rt .iei.t aind rul.!rve.
lithe author maj be allonm.d to ikcti p up the allufi-
on of the. rot-i juf quor d, ile %% Lild iliiK, If wL do not
putt tILt fiiclt \al's, and the toltli.l imi.ie.s in places
v"' the gr,.att it lictrity, andi imoll rt miote li, m any
.rc'baihtv of a.:cideut o01 dt.llricton ? 1V beg fo:fi-
tiatced, t.h find thoir pr,,tt:ction in their nt-iknefi,
"od their hlaf'ety in their dclc3tiy. Thi, ri:traphoris
f.r from being ut.ed with a doign of pIljiin.g young la*
dcits in a trivial, unimportant ight ; it is only intro-
td;ied to infiinatef, that % here there is inure beauty,
and mTore wtaknoel, tlere should be- gi-eaitr cirounm-
fipt~lion and lupterioir pinudcuce.
Men, en the contrary are Ihrmedfor tl-ie more pub-
tic exhibitions oB tie great tliatre uCf hrinan life.
Like the ltroigtrand more ilubltantial v>ares, they de-
rive noinjury,and loft no poiilh, by being a!ta'- s vs-
poted, and etigaged in the conflint commerce of the
morld. It Lt thcirf-rp'.rcl rnt!it, where they ril)ire





SINTRODUCT I ON. d"

their naturalair, and rxert telicir nolefl pc.el-, i. fi-
tuations which call thrbm into action. TiL.Uv 'ire in-
tended by Providence for thie buUzng scenes of life--
to apt-. r terriblit in arms, uliful in commerce, thiu-
Sing in counfels.
The author fears it will be Iazard'ng a very bold
remark, in theopinio' of:sinne ladic-, when The add&,
that the vexale inidJ, in e<-ncr'al, does not appear rc-
pable of c'taining I" hiv n a d-gtee of perlftion in
fcience, asthemale. CL h-cr!he li'hpcs to le for-itri,
when the obfrvts alro, that as it does not Ikcem .to dt-
Srivethe chpi'tr',rton of iz' excellence fiom t-iri oi-
dinr.!, ab;i;tits of'this kind, it I not at all l it: d hv
01.1 im-'.utAitiOn (rArot Fp.OX !]irni tiecin. It i 'tad!, il-
I ju.i, i:ILL the !it. ha.e ii\ elviniagii.'tions, an-' t b lec
t c.qiiiiiv- percept,,.-n. of 'tic Leauriful and idel-.tt>'e,
w which come under the denomination of tafte. But
pxretenfion to th' rt-. of iiircdlc, v. which isrequi-
fite to penetrarc i:.t.: t'.c ai,(iulr %. iIkE of literature,
it is presfumed Lh-.' Il readilI rlt'nquiih. There are
green paftures, and pic i -..,t % a'i.i v, here they may
wander with fafety to tirtmfilc,, and d&1i"ht to o-
thers. They may cultivate the rofes of imaminatiouv
4nd the valuable fruits of morals and criticilm : but
| lte fteeps ofParnaffu-, ft w. comparati 'y, have at-
temrpted to kcale with lU Juefs. Ar.d .- 'na it is confi-
tLrcd, that many lan tayes, anid many fciences, muft
contribsate tothe pc rfectin. ofI poet-al c-rnFnfi*'nn, it
'wilI appear lef4 .range. The lofty epic, the, pointed
fatire, nd the more daring and fuccfi' iflightgofthe
tragic Muli.,ftfcmn reftrv'ed ur he bold iadvt.L;ur-i u.f
the other tex.
NNor doesthis afR-r:ina, it .- apprche:-lded, tall in-
.e the interest oft thc % oreo ; 0iicV l.vt otilk r nr -
teaiojs, on hlii to % ahlie tih ni-. iv, -, and oe',;cr ,i-.a -
liicks mI 'W!, i.:*tt calcul;rtil to uifsrc' tl: ir pari:!.-
lIr plrl..o i| W e n:i *L:.urc. oi tht lt!'t Ih-ia n. r
tl0i SCki. Ii an 'irl, tMantudn Moir, %.thili: to t,.t 1'% cft
nrits t.I ilthe Iafl..>rl ,_, h? lirg tie curr iLinnot's,! d
htsie ii'rpt. rds, !ii. blcIicr ts of loi.., or :.hl'innoctzt d -

- .... l l






INTRODUCTION.

lights oirnriirl ,'e. Hjs it river been afcribed to them
as a.d tlt. t ''.,t l'i.ir IiIOMIC. -.' not treat of a6iivc
fceCAt', of't Id titN L a.nd I, :" a' cilng war ? No: their
Siplirta k; t! ic:r pcrfe'ri.v ; ;.rd they are only blari-
t J A '.;i." [h! a .a v to :i;ti le of it. *-
On ithc otbcr h:,.nd, the lofty bards, vhio fthung
their bolder harp's to !ic ,.er measures, and fungthe
H'rat" *f P 'cc,- '.i'p. aucd .;'an's firfl difobedience, have
ii\'er be- ctn frti .t1 '. v. nt of-fweetnefs and refine-
a'.n. The Ianrum.r, t.- zrvous, and the miafculine,
(i .3 a-LC rI; i- (tir cm -.!.ions ; as the beautiful, the
f1,' a., ;.e -, cac, m ..-l' thofe ofthe others.---
(3r.,icLir, di-ajtv. aid frrcc, diftinguifli the onefpe-
Ct -i : ; C:'.. I Fp!&civ., A-,.i A urity, the other. Both
i m. fr., t.1, :''tivt. d ,. u;, nborrowed merits,
..ot :'r,,n" tr.'-._" v. c ;. :';. i eign, adventitious, and
rI'ir..t n l t!.''" v-:,.Ok-ri: .-, v i'cii mTakeup
i..: K .CI;' :1-.d ,.>.n:,Luct parts of poetry, they
},T|r ", ."i ( r "* 1'^-:. ,
\ "'or... g.. f-:c .'it" .,i.I,:!A r perceptions : mea
S-. ji'r-.-r i-i,'m. -t r n\\oP' .'i consider how things
iv tj h prttr'l, f-1 me nn how they may be properly
f'ild.-Ir urmtn, ,-urn ones at leaft) fpeaidngac-
L.Jiip':I,:e., Ircrrii.I.~, pr.cL,:i reflection; in men,
r'. ct'!..,n is r!n an'cctIi-knt.-\ iM n p al: t,, tfhine or
to: pl 'i:. ; men to .i"i-, ince or confutitt.-'.men ad.
unii \s hat ii t riliant ; in.-n what is folid.-Women
r'.- 'b:r aQ 1\ri na Ir-miu._,-: Idly of wit, ora fparkling
-.:'l.i iif tit at,, 'Ietoi- the moft accurate reafoning,
-or t Ih ia-,Il lahi,,t i,-.Lits '.. Ilgation of fae9s. In liter-
.:' in -'oIl' t'i,'n, v.m.i re pleaded with point, turn,
A*.i 1 ,nt'ti,!; : r',i %. itl. obferyation, and a juft de'-
-.i' l-'c:;i fri: ti0 r cauifs.-Women are fond
i id 'idinir ; mnl of- .rnient.-Women admire paf-
1,..'-.:t. I; '.i.a app. C-t- cautioufly.-One fex vkiil
S.!- ii beira. i a v. :-: t" f.,V L ..to be moderate. in
t!,,r ;4-.pla'.- ; the .t. vr .. 11 I: afraidof x' pt.c;f.g a
v..r ot u ..'tiiment b, 1.L: i. inraptures with any thing.
M -:: ri- Ll: u 0t' i' C '*c ",. '. t |-,. ih; ;*/ > _.a_ th>-. tiiilli





M.I NTr it ** Q ,U C. T, r Q, *NT,

reel, M hle % omen Ifwrndmics a tr.d to bc; tranl'rportic'l.
beyond % hait tihe otcalion will jiiilt',.
Asa. fartlic-r cortir-mat io.t of what hias been a-vanc-
cd on th- J'liCrent libnt of the iinderliandi;- ,1n the
lp'<4, it msy: bwobfbrved, thar C ii v.t ith-J o1
inapy. femrl- 4kit, but never o n iie frinale l)gici.n-
frmnan adaIb]. -~,.ti,% ,'., maemioirsi, but never it
oqne clrq qoger.-Ia._ tle .olilmdhf ajid arial riaioni
of rogjancf-, a4dinthat t'.,ionoi.lu Ipfelas oft'ot,'o-
fitioa v. iiich fAQce.dp&iiit and. *hijli carries a nearer
ajiprotwimation to the nisnner.i of-tlJ world, tht wo-
mpuicapplp-be ukcrlIled-: this i6n-a iL-arv i;.il t1hey have
k perUliar.l eunt for c iititjva:l ;. bticit li her-,
SInvention labour, rnre, ;n 'l judgme.it kl-.
ThliperiJso'thlji. kindot '. ritiag >orliltk iit "rb *ril
f- %"-.,;,:,.c to rcij liit'1 a rot ohc *verHts Ltitl vr s, witli
a. cevtOinatiiqo,, in the rr.i tiiiv-, which: places
th~ if no^;4s i~tnatawt,. .ye akove, wvha' is-
coinn riat, Ifr[tI "tir co;Ai"ls in the a t of" irntsi'.ljiY
tjiq' tfnd^r feoingsg. by, ktparphetic rWjisfntatioji (tf'
tbfp0h nitijtpi, en& jrig,. dqrnefhi( ci:Inn!liT cc',
| hi-h t "1 r pryc- the fouldbh ritrre it. haiBet {htjQ fhi(dld
itfelfwithtlh arrnr ot r let..ti>n. Toaim1l iyujhr..
than to inftruft, or to-infiru iu- rcl'rt'kl by fliort il-
ferencel, drd% n froii a '.kng 'olcatt h -ti>n 'lc ircum-
itarni- j;, i at lice the b oii'i o" ithi l:"t oi t colp.',i-
lion, ani one ,f t w c!har.t .:ttkrillci Ir r.ial genti *.
In short it appears that tht. min. in (arch i f' ias
rome naltitrai kind of oia, i l Il% h conlhttutes a dil'r1n.c-
:1 olt'har:iactcr, anil that thit- hippind'. of both dc-
ptidr, ina -lrtat ni.alure, on the p.lte-aioarun z.:.d

T d ''.-'r d'er ?; t f a.prhe iut it nia, '.; t'.ziutl 1,,r
c r .1 A t p1:.i'iJ7 l, I ,Wt ?f ri.' C1 W; t', I ,'W'.; fr l' i r'-
tic, putt, lf''i, zr,,, h *vjl, pta'it,.,1",;,t,, r, iit.r:, '., tw.-
o',li I n.'I r. 1 If ,,r !1 'ic r fcI. T., ti .'l /- ,. lirh, ,.*Io- 'i,.. c
eliCs in,' t lV /> .i..L'.:c,'1 : btut it i i fJ: .:'' d, I at t. t ./ ,-
ly llaiJ jr i epft ai. a:i,,,J1 thl e rIjC L 7'0 iOa iu t. ., to'
aU .llhtdatlV thll I i* : l'






S I N T R 0 D U C TIO0 N.

o'XTrva Pnce Cf thC1 diflnt'0ion9. For where would be"
tli- lupcrior p', itlrc and l'tirta.dtion relating frorr
mixed co'.- crj'j,,mt i" thi, dlittrcnce were aboliffied ?
If thie qtialitir o_' both v -.tr,. invariably and exactly'
tl,: Ia l', nO be2.hl'.t or cniLrtaininentwould arife-
irimni tlhe tedious ard inlipid urnitrmity offlch an in-'
tt rci-ric ; .% '.It r, a; coriniolrat-lt advantagesare reap-
&d frovi a I'LlcLt Ibeict'. o't both IL't-es. The rough an-'
,It-s and aipt riti 1- of iIlu na neri s are imperceptibly'
liid, anid g.-radti ill% or\ Imnirli, by the poliflfing of
Inti-1eC con- r.rt.-, .and th relianingoffe'nale talte
lh'lc tlh.' idea of % oit .n atqrirc itrengthand folidity,
ht., thliir alfiriating v.ith l1 nifible, intelligent, andju-'
dicii. miO;
On Oit \\ hole, ('c\tn if famne be the object of pur-
fiit) i. iz nor hicrttr t10 Idu--tF as women, than to,-
fjil a mein ? To Ihine, hby v. iking'honorably in the
icad nl \>iz;i [atari, ruflin, andf education feem to
have nirkcud ont, rather il..tin to, counterad them all,
lv ino'. it atikv.ardil in a path diametrically pppo-
fitlt ? T.- hc Tod orruinl-., rather than bad imita--
or; ? Ii a v. ord, tu L ceiCli'n, women, rather than
izdiifrt nir nitn a






r t ,TI '
O D I SSI PA T r ON..

..'.' certe, a.t'"'-7?V <-;.'dt_ .!- PETRARC,,

A San argument i' favniar of rnind'rn ni.irzrr, it
hasbeen pleaded, tl.arru lit.r vic-.l"'-xry
a2.l '!ip': ,a, r. ratl.r iu gentle and ', :rhln.
tempers, t, i i i f. h ri r':' .J it-cr u s: tn ,:r
they arc '. PLI-,x 1-Jli ilcr-,i'e I ivilization, and tendl
to promote rhiLctrnent, and the cuhtivarioii ut iirama-
nity.
B,-t thii; an aflertion, the trnth of which the ex-
p:riencc of all ages coat--dotct. Nrro was not lefs;
a tyrant for being a fiddler; he* % h.- wifhed the&
whole Roman people had but one neck, that he might
diljfatchthemat a blow, iinil'. Ii thc nilt di Lr-,:vh-.
ed man in Rome ; andS'. dnr,: and ilr i;--l "itt. con-
demned to bleed under the moff barbarous, though
miltii dlhip.irc .1 an \ .l.iipituouc reign,' thai t\vcrdii!.ric-
ed the annals of Britain.
The love of difiipation i-, 1 lie\'v-, aiioredi tlbe
the r{. 'irng evil of tire pr!'tir d- : It i. .jii e iL
which many content ttrmk'vc- \. iti renrettir, \vith-
oat feeking to redrefs. A I p"- il rIi i ir
the very aCt difTipat rioa ; and prodi.3ht\ ll ot trt. ii
as gravely claimed agairift a: Lit car-, tublI, a. in
the pulpit.
The lover of dancing cenfures the amusements of ire
theatre for their dulnefs, and the uI CnIffd I blames
thembothl for their levity. She, il. I>.tt lirile foul is
f, A! u.,tLipi ; ,.' extackis," is aftonrrifted1 that
Irt ,:quiint vice I-.;rI 1pend wh'IA nilitt ir, pre'i[rll,.
liki: h2rpi.:., u i ti. f..r:.inms tifth' r kil cr creature: ;
hile the grayve, Yl. 'ti !n- ,- r, L ho palli lit r pale and&
anxiuu vlN- 1 Ei i', th'r ",'al-,:onat.t- lurt of, pilhla;ing, is
ni el'S u !Ti-p il'td I -.o%% thre other c".n % .l'te h>r 1qii..io1i
Tiin- in htiarinR lit:.ls ti(-r \%i Ethi Iht: hr--i no tailti, I a
Liniu:gioelJh does 'ot lundlrlid ad.

T' Tl.e ,,.'y'r-r Caii.,Lz..





Itz O DISSIPATION.
In lhort, every one fi-ems convinced, that the evil
fomuch r..:.mp!laned of does really c \ft fomewhere,
though all art inwardly, pvrtfuaitd that it is not with
themilvt 4. All drlirc a gcncral retbrmation; but
j %-, %%ill lilleu wo propofals ui" particular amendment ;
th. body mr4l be rellored, but ta.:h lim_ b bcg- to re-
E,,in as it is; and .ccul'atnz', n h'ich concri itll. will
be Iktl;' to affect none. Thay tbink thatfin, like mat-
ter, is diviliblc, and tht hliat is ictercd among fo
S many, cannot natei-l,, ali'.iL anv oiu; anad. thus in,-.
dividuals contribute feparately to that evil which tbey-
; in get-ra1 lame at.
The) prevaithng maaatrs oC an age de- nit more thaa.
e rare aware, or ire %%ling to aliowV, on tltc ondu&.
of the women; ti; is one ot tlw prtn Which the g-rtat machine ot hurmnan lu(iu;t, turns.
S ThojL-, \vlo allow thu influt.n.ce \vhLh I'L r .I tc graces
have, in cufninbutiii to pl, ili tl-h manot rs l "' men,
would do s ell. toI relicta l.-, great .n inhtlt.pCt Icmlndc
S oral' ninf allow have on their roadJu:t. H)% much,
then is it to he cegretted, th.i.t thi. ladie:' ihi.uld ever
.j lit do\\n contented to poh4ih, % hen thIe ari- atle tort-
41 form-n-to LLrti.rzain, wht.n they nmght irilh unt --id toq
S dazzle for au hour, vizen they arc caziddaus or rttotr-
i tcity I
S Under t'he dirpeniation arMihoput's 14w, inJeel.,
thefe m-rit]l e'csllencics cannot br expe&ed ;, bc ataue.
the women are [hut out from all opportucai;ti6 ol" in-
S ftrunbion, and e'-claded frqom the tui.karinna pltaftrns
' tt a dclightftd and equal focicry aa,asa, ca-4rni:-g
ocxfings., are taught to belic, chat
ur thlor inferior natures-
Formna'dtodrlighr, andhappy b dili^1iog,
Hcav'n ha& refcsv'd n1f0,uIre para I',
But bids thenim.rve the pithl oL hlitJ, fcsa.'w
Of1" total dcath, and taarelhJ'. otf ihtrtifre6i,-lF, E. -.

S Thefe ar confiflcntl), in fhtuiyirgrtom. bi estpriuir
graces, in rulriiating o:l, pcribnil aitratlinis, and in
trying to lighttc. the .itp4"I.rij Lragtden of tLiae, by?


. .






ON DIS S I P ATI ON.


tlIe I(- f Fr i%.A.n- ard vaoI aroufc nl-.LlT. Ti-y at in
(I:litqLtI i.Lit v'C-...r ov. Li I lind LIl.t C, and I The I van-
n, ti1 tl'e i .I-! :; tic maileltrs; forth r h it i, :tir tlie
frcc-rCGm ,f z. Iircl'it clioiot-, nor the pro:'pe t ofa fui-
lure b ci.g.
But in tLi land v'c %ivIl and t l ig, us lii'ertr, where
there is as little d.flt,'oi'm t'.rcitcd oistr tr'. minds,
as over the perfon ,or \\'oint n, tile: iase tv.ry liber-
ty of chot r, iid L % \wv op-,rt'itii;, ofimro : andlbow ; ieari cl, i thi' irrzal'c tli'irt,.L',i c.'tio:,i .obe
(cev t .irr iutIn ivren-r.,Il i!:..n:t. ;ittnti\t : e
g ').#I ,irrll rir u" it "..; faiiitt_., ,n' I :rilIi ut liL al t, th:
gorI o-r,!-r i", 111 i'.;,. t
She si. i ir i !ofs to finMi *-r,,,-::.entq at l',omie
can no I;', ;r aU ,.L- for i, t r d, saying li i- ri.pri' t I .t t Ir, ivir and tic l' i dii.-re of
books; and flie who regrets .'I "i.- t.LonIL'J a Il.aire ',ii
dark and-*_1 ; i, u .tc, L. ii'.'hj i.r tr.i*-
ny of the men, -complains of .,1 i %iIh tI r h t : 7. 3-
exift. .
It;* t ill f o".on r and ,i.iip t,' f.,',i -- \\'; .,. i. h-I in r-.d-
ing ? To what end does it ce.r.i. rit I ;...i r,
ti.. %,'v. ist, I r.n ,. i ri ,-,ne ,.n, tka.t m,-ii I7..rv z t'i>'.,
a r I- i,!l t i]nl ;':, -. t. ir2dm" a!! '..i,.r' rn '. -
ci.llitit piir'tm'!:i, hclidec tlhe i.rcjt i...:.t or', at. .
pi \h:ip, tth Ir'clf rrmnid t.r'LI,1p.it..0 .. -. ".....;.' S."-
( 1:, ..: -t pa t'ion ot il i h ,iire t, l' : i Ii n".r I'tsc I
It.i 'ililitd il a mir"- r, i' t tile IlilJ o' A d \an '.l r i Icon-
,lii.ill, liiiuC sriitimd. An I.:, ir'F I rti oittlh,
lke [Ih liir, l, riiiri i_, diil, rourii., w 'i; 1 .'.le,";!-,
lirk, thle dial o' .'ri:ait, -.,s ,..ck'..r,l. T hc .3T !n-
taae sshich I lit tHlIltItliitnt:l2 ricc tit. t'rcm rp.bliit 0-
terature, it is nitt irz jitUc allbrF I. timmi ri2t ; it4 1 !-
fh A.; on the mral tit .r is thnb l'rc- i-t (.hmi,- of c 'n-
lidlratioll. Thice rtmirk m ;-.- pt!hiri r 1 ml .-.i ti.o
fhont, but 1 btlit.\v it i- truth, that ne-.t to i Ii.'nl_;
Sin 't. tV i- l a, l,-it C. I-. I:," I- rI . irll pr. pt i ct r-
icivatsc of t"z s:r:,r-..or" .odig prluL.. TtuIn \sIL


3





14 ON DISSIPATION.

rultivatc let-trc live rarely a ftrng paflion for pro-
rqiliuonu. vifit ing., or dillip-it d loc'cry: ftudy, there-
fore, induct' a rtlilh for domnitlic li(c, the moft defir-
a ih'e tempu- ini the worldd fr tonimcn. 4tudy, as it
S refr.,.n: the mind from an inordinan. Fondness for gain-
ing, direfs, and public amuli lmet5, is an economical
prc.penilit ; for *i ladv may read at much lefs expenfe
than Ikc cin |'!a at ca-rd, ; -,s it rtlu res (eme applica-
S lloi', it Q5'cs tilt iniild an habit of irndu, ry ; at it is a
rcliefl'againll thit %ntnZil du'i'i-., ,fich the I'rench,
tcniplhi t,:ill taill r.:n,,,, it carri..r Aid of being benefi-
a; il to tilt tcniptr ai! spirit:, I r'... inthe moderate
i dc.-'riet in % which laJt s are IaLipp .L I to ufe it; as an e-
t nein, to indolence, it h come. It ial virtue; as jtde-
nln&Ls the full cxirtuon oti" our ,, ......, it grows a rati-
onal d.t ; ziId %lickl dtretted to tihIt knowledge ofthe
S Supr me B'.tg, and lI:s lda% itl<. i into an a.$ of re-
,| h ligon.
The ra e for r-fobrin tion ce.nTinly Thews itfdlfin
2 a \ iolnt z2al for I 'lip rr;lp . hiat is -, -. o -, :. rather
t han a prudent attt::ro. tai.icta liili % hat isright: but
.it Ihali nrt-t- obraii a Ia:ir a.irdrtn merely by rooting
i up 't, .i; uc r"lJ [.I: plar' HO I.rs'; for the natural
rxrirchnt f'r tAu* ;bil Ce ,a% e been cl a.-ring will tot fif-
f :.- it to .t- !Iarrcn ; hut i het hitr it hall be vajily or
b iltlic .Iil *1 ,.1|!tic, depti n on t I,- culture. ,' V :t
S tni pr'. ..' .'r hlas g:ti L.kl Qn one i de, by a moir ea-
ii lrgeJ ali it i r;il r av of ttitnking, feeinm to be lot
S .n 'he other, by excelfrvc fretdom aid unbounded in-
S dulgence. Knov. ILdge is pnot, as ht retofore, confined
S to the dull cloylktr, or the gloomy college, but dirffe-
S minated, to a ctrtain dterce, imong both fexes, and
'4alnioll all ranks. The ouly nikfortunaeis, that theft
opportunities do ne.t i.em to hK I- '. ilely improved, or
turned to Ib good an accoE-.t as ini, 1 ic with,-d. BookS
of a perniciuu', idlM. aiud Fri% loIs t)lb., are loo rout h
nt,' :plied, and n i flr,- thile reir rcdi wlanyvof them,
tlht tr-t knowltdgr is ib lcarc, and thMq.bit oi'dil-
lJpition io much increa lid.
It tas bctiireujrked, that the prevailing clWi, t

_





ON DI SS ; PA T IO01. (r

of the preftnr ape is not that ofgrofi. inrmorality: 6ut
if: his is meant onf thIole in tile higher \salk-t of life, it
i tal'y to dith:i n, [hit there can be bi l title merit in'
arbilaiing fiom crimes \% which there is but utLle templa-
Lion to conm t. It is, ho'.icer, to be feard., that a
gradual dlcitItion from piety -,'II in lime draw after
it all the bad conllcqtienues of mo-'C atitve sice ; for
wvhlnther mounds and fences are fuddenlv dellroved by
a Ifetplng torrent, or w\orn dway through gradual'
neglect., the ft fei is coquallv d(lh'uL:.':.e. As a rnp:d'
fever anda contluming htticare al.ky fatal toour nk-u-
al health, fb are flagrant imrorality and torpid indo-
k-net to oor moral %sell being.
The philfifophical doctrine of the ivonw reccflion of
bodies froni thie finn, is a litly image of ihe reluc-
lance \s ith wliich wse lirlt abandon the light of virru(.
Tiit bcg'nning of folls, and the tirff entrance on a
dilriputtd !le, crut Ibome pang; toa. elldilfpoficd hearn;
L Let it is fiUrpriling to fee how lo:on the progre rs cea-s
to be impeded by reflection, or flacl:-eried by remorlk'.
ii'r it is in moral as in natural thing; the morion in
mind as *eil as bodies is aci.t lerated by a nearer P-
piu,-cii to the centre to which they are tending. ift
v,* rec de lionly at firfit fttingour, s.e advance ra-
piIJv id our future couHr': and to have btriun to i.e
Y; n,r:i, is already to have maade a great pnrv fl'.
Aconliant habit of amulemenr relaxes t lie tone ou
the mind, and renders it total incapable of appl;ca-
tion, litaiy, or virtue. Diffiparion not only indipolofes
i:. vnr.nrie. to every thing ule.hi and ex:celent, hit
dil;-nd-Jit.es tlhem for the enjoyment of pleaflure it'klf.
Ir iftnen'. the Inul fo much, that the moll iuperfiidal
empluoment bccomcsa labour, and thellighte(l incon-
venience an agony. The luxurious Sybarite muft have
lofaDJl f'enk of rICal enjo, menrt, and all rslifh f ortrue
gra'tifitation, betbore lhe complained that he coid rot
tlek-p because thie roft-leaves' lay double nader lrim.
Luxury and diliparion, Ibft and gentle as their ap-
proaches are# and likOtly as tley throIv their filk-a


-a

















cli I

ii










.11
II ~

4








I

ii
I


:i.1 ,;abr.: i'..- '.e:., riliie it more than the moft
:.(i, ..-'.! t ,,, v;-.t. ",. mightieff conquerors
I v i.. n i. .. I : .',. unarmed foes:'the
t.,\'v, ,. .''--,, _.' -11.; i' .i !F. re they are felt. T he
b!.- '',. i- hc. .i t I I'-e fatal to the mariners
wI L !'. 1'-; .. I:,..,"',' f Polypheme, or the
'rut ,!ir'. ,' i t 1, :t,".. i'ercsles, after he had
U::-I ilc.i l ." ". : i' .'.1, p nerformnned all the o-
t I- r .. i- :'i'lheu, found himself
S ''.',' i.. 1 i-. t. ..r it. ._ ... tt andhe, who wore
.. ,.l.- .. .-* , .ufe of virtue, cotde-
c'. '.:, "* 1: 'I, I. ..lmployXi nits to grati-
* ': *..i.i !. il c ,L:-, I-;.,i.'ib3, w ho vanquished
*i !, r. t, i.,-.,, 1; I I" I,,It. .. ercc.;ne by the love of
S:.:1 ; . .., h \- l .i cold, and w ant, .- .1
L 'I TL r, .:1t,.1 J.- Ii ;- i''"n Al", wasconquered and un-
, i, i,, 1.f >ii!!.!..i:r ir.lu '.. ,.cr(c.; ofCapua.
I t'e,! tic.-I cr-, >O f tII l c ,il.t beautiful and virtuous
ri'".li.t ilihct L'. ".,,s '. r.at. c, 1 mean Telemachus,
!c. 1,..l o i~ i- nd ,01" c:., ;'.!, -he unfortunately loft
I.!; pirkict rccnj p.'.,, c '.. ri,.r, in whom wilidom is 1b
1' -I.. I' ci i,.,it 1. At c[ il ', held with horror the
3'v. r.o -id d;irilut. rr,' nicn. C )t the voluptuous inihabi-
ruc.: ti. ;il ftt'.:ftc [c'Icir t simplee were not imme-
i..it,. : tn dl n.t -! lnt, :1; c 'licc t.t. ofglaringen-
oiniri.; ',ut h. \,riac '. i cretly and itupercepti-
ShI u'.Jci nn. cI; i n -. r v. softened by their perni-
(i. I )CI.CIN \, Ind tlil I M *'A refolution was flacken-
cji: -he i..-r, i,. F. h K cl .I !,i diminifhed indignation
1i ; :%i"hip v. ii h' ll i.s ...i to Venus ; the difor-
di-r- if Liw. r'. nil projpliir':'it 's becamelefs and lefs
trri'',l.i, anil tlie intie.rii .fthe country enfeebled
!-.L c'.-r.. t ani rt I-.,'id I,_ principles. In fliort, lie
h-. t. I d tol,'t,'t ,ic. !oe% 'i t... fore he thought ofcom-
Mltin "1c'u. t i : ac3 i tlic duties of a manly piety
v.r,. to,'r.! .i.nonc hi e he was to debafed as
t t it. |.rt'.rc,..; , i i'ur.s ,r _-nie on the altar of the

i..- '. .i tha, te -ar.'er ..'in


16 O0


b [ ........... . ....


P 1 S I P A T I O0N.





ON DISSIPATION.


LU.t us crown ouif(cI\V .%;tli rnc- buds hc.)re
t hey be ti r red, la Id Soomon'. libertine. Ala-'
he did no1 t .rtiH Ci, tir th,,' ;. itihrd iir the vcry g.-
t!xiin. The roll. of p! .r Ite f'eld.ni laft long t-
nu:,ghi to adorn ilihe l', ov. t hinim ho plucks tcm ;
for tlie; .,re the only ro!I %> which do not retain their
fs t : r n! 1 after they have loft their beauty. _
The heathen poets often prefied on thtir readers
the nI>.T.at,, of c, .fidtHri-iq th. 'i.rtnrs i;tl. r, as aai
incenitke t plt-:il'urt ird '> ,iii',,.,'ni!lh : i! liefea-
IOb for indiiul.ing in th-in Iholid 1l:f %uninimlprovcd. The
darl.: ard tinci-rtaini notion-, not to IJ thit Ablholute dif-
belief, wliiIi tht rt ctrtained oil' a t'ururc flar, is the
only jplIt'i than can be iTffcr,.d loi this ri-,albfoing.-
But \ hilv 'Vc cenfure their tenets; It L .I nc't ld[.t
their errors ; trbors which Acotild be infinnt-ly inmoire
inexcufeableinus, who, from the tlid ar r vi c\ .i which
revelation has given us, fall not have their ignorance
ortheir diibt. t.) plead. It were cell if v-- availkd -
otiri.-i' ts ofilth po.'io, F tl'eir prj cept, \%ihiit ircul-
cai< t I;' i ii i... i jent of t' c-rv ri inicnt o ouIlr timni',
but not like them to dedicaa r-hc r.t i 'm ent s lo rIc mci d
to the purfuitof i'lt-Ual aind ptrlh-jble pit liilurc;, biit
to the securing of tiofc 1 h:rh are fpxri tual in t heir na-
ture, and C ti Lrn i-n hit ir dut'r.ition.
It', -,:lcel, likr thi mitfrabhle 4 lbcinrs inmagined lby
S.il'r, withaview to cureiis ofthc irratioiial dclive
after immoderatt I igtni hofdays, we were con(rldinij d
to wretched t.ti-l,1 im i-:li: we ji'.idd h-, e an
C
which this allegory is condu/'eJi ; rn! I ir',e u'- Z,,, i.il
to mention its images, machIinr:, i, t1 IIr f:.. ri,:a .eL,';-
ti o i ,. ',? i !7 *. ; i" 1.. r i r 1 l.'i rs
a-CA~ lt''# XI, r ."1 -:" .I-,l.j/rr O Me",r ..-f ,.
r,>. /.fai- r i ;, I I* .../ ; I i. ;* ) /i-, ea-*
il j1] ,f l'1..1r 7.1." .'. ,,.,.. .r" t',. t,.,,.ty r: It?
Ori,..ailr'.h.?,n: ,,..i. '-\e i '- 11 ,. Fc':,/ .', ia-
t',. i, ; ttKi l\,, ,. i/ i.r *...:. ;, .r r. t'Ljfin^ /. i-i t .i.'i"
the l.dn'lr'r .."f atn,t.'.' t'*..' /,r..'at '





18 Ow DISSIPATION.


excufe for pending fome portion of our time in diffi-
'.titior, as we might then pretend, with Ibme colour
of reason, that wepropofed, at a diftant period, to en-
ter on a better c:.ur;:- ii:'.tI OrifACwe ncverform-
ed any fuch resolution,, it would make no material dif-
ference to' i..:, whofe ftatewasali .ij.-.r.i1l
fixed. But ol thefanr.ty portion of !.i', ill;._. '. t ..nr
lot, not one should be loft in weak and irrelblute pro-
craftination.
Thofe who have not yet determined on the fide of
vanity, who, like Herculus, (before he knew the
queen of Lydia, and had learned to fpin) have not re-
folved on their choice between VIRTUE and PLEA-
aU R, may refiect, that it is fltill in their power to imi,
tate that hero in his noble choice, and in his virtuous
rejection. They, may alfo reflect with grateful tri-
umph, that chriftianity frnifthes them with a better
guide than the tutor ofAlcides, and with a furer light
than the doctrines of Pagan philosophy.
It is far from my defign feverely to condemn the in-
nocent pleafiures of life; I would only beg leave to ob.
lerve, that thofe which are criminal should never be
allowed; and that even the moft innocent will, by
immoderate ufe, foon ceafe to be fo.
The women of this country were not fent into the
-world to flhun fociety, but to embelli h it; they were
lit .kf;. r-L..l r'.'- wilds and folitudes, but for the anmi-
ablI J1ii n l.iring offices of focial life. They have
ufIful i toliton to fill, and important characters to lfuf.
Ijin. Tc, are of a religion which does not impofe
'l-ijn.i1', but enjoins duties; a t1ll.',.0 ofperfet pun-
it. but of pL1f. bec -.t i.e alob, a religion which
di:'ts ,-,,t ,o. : fi,..,il.'At to indolent feclufionfrorn
tIl. 1. ,,rid)Ur .t1. '.l r ,, in C'... more dangerous, though
il ire ionior' iilc piov.'I.x, is' I. i,- uncorrupted in it.
In fir.-,. a Ireligion, w lii h does not direct them to fly
from tIl.c mtittude, that they may do nothing, but
v. It i po'l. ively forbids them to follow a multitude to
do eCi il.


maB!~!BBMIH B^






'9 3 .
ON C O N VER T I 6 "

T has been dJ' ifCd. a,.l \c', r. .* ,', mtho-
ritiestoo, that in .%n ,: o!- r.', i ".,.. care-
fully conceal any knowledge or :--r:r1 they may
happen to poffefs. I own, with li..br,r' that I do
not lee either the necdiity or pr"-pr.t ,fi this advice.
For if a young lady has that il -. ;, -, t modefty,
without which all knowledge is little worth, flie will
never make an oftentatious parade of it, because flihe
will rather be intent on acquiring more, thann on dif-
playing what fhe has.
I qr- at a lofs to know why a 'i.! .' female is in-
ffru.' to exhibit, in the moo advantageous point of
View, her Ikill in mufic, her singing, dancing, tafte
in drefs, and her acquaintance with the moft fafliiona-
ble games and amufements, while her piety is to be
,,.\.i.fi"y concealed, and her knowledge affectedly
difavowed, left the former should draw on her the ap-
pellation of an enthiuilft, or the latter that of a pe-
dant.
In regard to knowledge, why Thould The forever
affect to be on her guard, left the should be:'. r, j ...., 1-
ty of afmallportion of it ? She need be the lefs folcit-
ous about it, as it. feldomn proves to be fo very confi-
derable as to excite aftonifliment or admnir- t. -. : f r,
after all the a,:uiitir- which her talerti. and !,er
ftudies have t iaLblud her to make, lik- v I., ,. in ra|yv
speaking, be found to have lefs of what is c i I i-
ing, than a commoii fchoolboy.
It would be to the laft d.' t r'-.ir. pi., .,I and
abfurd, for a young woman to pretend to give the
tone to the comnpany--to interrupt the pleaftire of o-
h rs, ar., l .r >--.. c i.' i i i.r ., -1' improvement, by
- .l.ii-i.g hti', f.k o._,-. t t.. I li ..- ,r to introduce fub-
.i,.'.>-L; <>.i t rf i.0 : ,.n,-' ', :,O, i, i .(; r to ll,>\ hi r
ow n \%% t, or )t.',j".:L [I,-1 C %- 'L t 1 it in t !ier" : but
>r rc. lih Ili.\ to i, r..,triI ilri6 t c ht-.% inj tIli, iof hi-
Rt.trtire li3pp ii t i. -L inr rl.,r pliCt CUn-
Si-rjiatui \ iLLIlId !.'! minLL I 0.'1 nZ iv tI i d ud L ; .icty






A& O9 CONVERSATION.

trouIlJ be robblid r.f ,ne of itc rm,.f inoerniiiit charms.
How eafily aail ti.-i:jl!v r,-,v a dc!l-i.,r.>, woman
promotee the mofi'l ik Lil and t kgant c, % rl'.ition, al-
moft without I'ptal.in, a fo;'Jd lor thc modes of
fpeechare 1.:arc< lv more variable than the modes of
silence. The silence of l;fiicr's ignorance, and the
filence offparkling :rliell;rnce, are perhaps as fepa-
iately n,.jr.1, andz, d,,.in-tly exprellitd, asthe fame
feelings could have been by the in 4, unequivocal lan-
guage. A woman; in a company where fIne has the leaft
i. Hut r .c., may promote any fnubjet by a profound and
invariable attention, which fhows that file is pleaf-
qd within, and by a., ia'.m.-art d countenance, which
prove. 3 lhe ulndt- t1flanu, it. This obliging attention is
tl. inoft fltttrr,.,4 encouragement in the world tomen
cf !.l" hA. !c ti t: r, to continue any topic of inflruction
or entertainment they happen to be i. c:. d in: it
owed its introduction perhaps to accident, the belt in-
troduction in the w-orld for a fubjedt of ingenuity,
which, l'uph it could uot have been formally pro-
pofed without pedantry, maybe continued with eafe
and good humour ; but which will be frequently and
effetually stopped by the liftleffnefs, inattention, or
A0 iM trpIre offilly girls, whofe wearinefs betrays their
niiir,'nwe, and whofe impatience exposes their ill-
hr.L F6. A polite man, however deeply interested
iLi 11.t fij,'. -t on which he i-. C'. 1 r6t1.(:, catches at the
'flqlglivI li ,tto hlvc, dwi- : a look is a fuflicient inti-
-mation,andifa pretty, (imnplitun, who fits near him,
fees difiraite, he puts an end to his remarks to the
gr, ..it regret of the reafonable part of the company,
Slio pi-haps might have gained more improvement
by thli continuance of fuch a conversation, than a
"~ t rl:' tading '.% ,-nlJl.ive yielded them; for it is fuch
coirpan;. a.1 th-, ,iwr tci.ve an edge to eachoti r -t,
as iron fhar.rpc,,'-ih iron."
Tlh t lilh.n.-e i c ..gtie frjat .; ofti.,n errinitB,
disallowed by Cicero iW.oif, v. i, ii-, there is nuit only
a a r -, btit even an eloquencein it. And thi. tLijn.iinit





ON CONVERSATION. t1

i confirmed by a Tret3t modern in trhe tfol 6 o in, lit-
tle anecdote from 0. 1 'f t" [li iC ; :
When many Gr:-,:-din pidA'ilpi,,.r had a folemn
ritii, before the ambaffadur of a foreign prince,
each 4 ,,. j'.rti to fihow his parts by the brilliance
of his conversation, that the a-ril .T 1 doz might have
something torelate of the Grecian wfdom. One of
them, offended, no doubt, at the loquacity of his com-
panions, obferved a profound filence ; when the am-*
b -,'IIt,, rt r.i '.r to him; akcd, "But what have you
t., fijy, ti...tr I in j report it ?" He made this laconic,
but very pointed reply: Tell your king, that yoa
have tound one among the Greeks who knew how to
be silent."
SThere is a quality infinitely more ,tj:v.,-ii.". ti
the female mind than knowledge ; thi, i. I,, Ce.
moft captivating, but ie moft dreaded ofall talents :
the moftl dangerous to t hiofe who have it, and the mofE
feared by thofe who have it not. Though it i, r.:.2il
all the rules, yet I cannot find in my heart to abule
this charming quality. He who is 6.'OA ,ri, 1, with-
out it, in fafe andfober dulnefs, fhuns it i a il -i' I,and
looks upon poverty as its invariable concomitant. The
morality declaims against it, as the fource of irregula-
rity ; and the Fri, ..i citizen dreads it more than bank-
-iit)tcv il!fdL; f'.r t.I considers it as the Farc-.ir of ex-
l i. t i I' .i t.-.'z ,. ", 1I,2 ,it .. L L 1 1 .:i ,t
Lil.- [ i._; (_1!"f ,cr, httI 1_ 11t Z .p' : Er -r, rd I. -- I ii r
t;.r.ii i, an 11 ... tl A .I'l i t -ir,i L il't
,( *L',.|h n : ,.idli li 1^ 't.[! i i L ."_j \.,'',, i\thl.
1-' ,ll';!:.' a t'.'!._ d ,: .d lit'. l., rt.. i I. t [ n .t w l. tI ., ._,. *i
iE 1,TO _
E L ^ri*.,i% m o L pr .11 W- :_ 1" j.' 1 T !'j % 10 C L F1..1 \ j1 1 ? : 1i i*
MlI', i .i r. i I ,; i. tn ,T - l U t-.>., i Iir .. ..
t r ii TO III. m [r*lr.n'n-n..,., '*-,* ; i rails [,r t ,, >.r,.-l,',,,ti ;t,,[.
t "F'[ I l.i;t i : .. ,rt. 'ill:tl t.-, , a' ".,nriian ,.' :i


L ,: 2 Ba on


AW





DN CONVERSATION.


ty of its pofleffor, and learning is only an acquaintance
vwiththe knowledge of other people, there is much
more danger, that wve flould be vain of what is our
own, than of what we borrow.
But wit, like learning, is not near fo common a
thing as is imagined. Let not, therefore, a young la-
dy be alarmed at the acutenefs of her own wit, any
more than at the abundance of her own knowledge.
The great danger is, left fhle flould mistake pertnefs,
flippancy, or imprudence, for this brilliant'quality,
or imagine flie is witty, only because fhe is indifcreet.
This is very frequently the cafe ; and this makes the
aiame of wit fo cheap, while its real exiftence is fo
,rare.
Left the flattery of her acquaintance, or an over-
-weening opinion of her own qualifications, fliould
lead Iome vain and petulant girl into a falfe notion
that- flie has a great deal of' ;, when fhe has only a
redundancy of animal spirits, fihe may not find it ufe-
lefs to attend to the definition of this quality, by one
vwho had as large a portion ofit, as moft individual*
could ever boatt:

'Tis not a tale, 'tis not a jefl,
Admir'd with laughter at a feaff,
Nor florid talk, which can thaf t'title gain;
The proofs of wit forever muft remain.
Neither can that have any place,
At wlihch a virgin hides her face;
Suchdrofs the fire mult purge away ; 'tis juff,
The author blufih there, where the reader muft.

But thofe who actually pofTes this rare talent, can-
not be too abiltinent in the ufe of it. It often makes
a-imirers, but it never makes friends ; I mean, where
it is the predominant feature : and the unprotected
an 1 defencelefs ftate of womanhood, calls for friendship
more than for admiratio-i. Shl'who does not defire
friends, has a fordid asd tifenfible foul; but fie who





ON CONVERSATION.


is ambitious of making every man her admirer, has an
invincible vanity, and cold heart.
But to dwell only on the fide of policy, a prudent wo-
man who has eftabliihed the reputation of fome ge-
nius, will itfficiently maintain it, without keeping
her faculties always on the ftretch, to fay good things.
Nay, if reputation alone be her objiet, fhe will gain
a more folid one by her forbearance; as the wifer part
of her acquaintance will afcribe it to the right mo-
tive, which is, not that flie has lefs wit, but that flie
has more judgement.
The fatal fondnefs for indulging a fpirit of ridicule,
and the injurious and irreparable confequences w-hicih
sometimes attend the itao prompt reply, can never be
too ferioufly or too feverely condemned. Not to offend
is the firft ttep towards pleading. To give pain is as much
an offence againfl humanity, as againftI good breeding ;
and furely it is as well to abftain from an action, be-
caune it is sinful, as because it is unpolite. In compa-
ny, young ladies would do well, before they fteak, to
reflect, if what they are going to fay may not diftrefs
fome worthy perfons present, by wounding them in
their perbons, families, connecions, or religious opi-
nions. If they find it will touchthem in either of thefe,
I would advice them to fufpe[t, that what they are go-
ing to fay, is not fo very good a thing as they at firft i-
magined. Nay, if even it was one of thofe bright i-
deas, which 1enus has imbued with a fifth part of her
netar, fo much greater will be their merit in fuipprefi-
ing it, if there wasa probability it might offend. In-
deed if they have the temper and prudence to make
fulch a previous reflecion, they will be more richly re-
xvarded by their own inward triumph at having fup-
prefled a lively but severe remark, than they could
have been w kh the diffeminbled applaufes of the whole
company, who, with that complaifant deceit which
good breeding too much authorifes, affet openly to
admire what they fecretly refolve never to forgive.
I ha,, e always been delighted with the ftory of the
lEttle girl's cloqu.nce, in one of the children's tales,






14 ON CONVERSATION.

who received from a friendly fairy the gift, that at e-
very word The uttered, pinks, rofes, diamonds, and
pearls, should drop from her mouth. The hidden mo-
ral appears to be this, that it xv as the fsveetrefs of her
temper which produced this pretty fanciful effect ;
for when her malicious filter desired the fame git from
the good natured tiny intelligence, the venom of her
own heart converted it into poifonous and loathfome
S reptiles.
A man of fenfe and breeding will fomrnetines join in
the laugh, which has been railed at his expense, by an
i',, red repartee: but if it was very cutting, and
one of that flocking fort of truths, which, as they
can fcarcely be pardoned even in private, eurght never
to be uttered in public, he does not laugh bicaut'e lihe
is pleaded, but becautfe he wifthes to conceal how much
he is hurt. Asthe farcafm was uttered by a lady, tb
tar from feeling to recent it, he w ill be the firft to
commend it; but notwithstanding that, he will re-
member it as a trait of malice, when the v, bole com-
pany hall have forgotten it as a ftroke of wxit. VWo-
men are fo far from being privileged by their fex to
fv nnhandfome or cruel things, that this is the very
circumftance which renders them more intolerablei
Ii, -When the arrow is lodged in the heart, it is no relief
S to him x ho is wounded, to reflect, that the hand
which fliot him was a fair one.
iMany women, when they have a favourite point
S to gain, or an earneR wifh to bring any one over to
their ,opinion, often ufea very difingenuouis netod :
they wiill ftate a cafe ambiguouilv, andthen ,;- *' _'.-
felves of it, in whatever manner fliall beft a. i r '
purpose ; leaving your mind in a Irate of '.. ..
to their real ri-eaning, v.hile they triumph .,. -
S plexity they have given you, by he unfair ..'.
S they draw, from premiitc equivocally ia. .
wxil alfo frequently argue firom exception.. "
rules, and are aftonifhed when you are no, '.
be contented with a prejudice, inftead of a ..
In a fenfible company of b.th fex.s, wvL........





0 ox CONVERSATION.


gre not restrained by any other refervd than what their
natural modcfty impofes-and wherethe intimacy of
ail parties authorifes the utmoft freedom of communi-
cation-fhould any one enquire what were the gene-
ral fentiments on fcme particular fubjeds, it will, I
believe, commonly happen that the ladies, whofe ima-
ginations have kept pace with the narration, have aa-
ticipatedits end, and are ready to deliver their fenti-
mnents on it, as foon as it is fiiiflid. While fome of
the male hearers, whofe minds were buried in fettling
the propriety, comparing the circumfiances, and ex-
amining the coiifitencies of what was laid, are oblig-
ed to paufe and difcriminate, before they think of an-
f'wering. Nothing is foe :,1 ,r '-' as a variety of
matter: and the converfation of women is often more
perfpicuous, becaufeit is les labored.
A man of deep rcflction, if he does r.ot keep up at
intimate commerce with the world, will be fometime
fo entangled in the intricacies ofintenfe thought, that
lie will have the appearance of a confused and perplex-
ed expreflion ; while a prizhtly woman will extricat&
herfelf with that lively and rafh dexterity," which
will almost always please though it is very far from,
being always right. It iseafier to confound than to
convince an opponent; the former may be cf'e&ed by
a turn that has more happiness than truth in it. Ma-
ny an excellent reafoner, w ell Ikilled in the theory of
the fchools, has felt himnfelf difcomfited by a reply,
-,Nhich, though as wide of the mark, and as foreign to
the queftion, as can be conceived, has difconcerted himn
mzre than the moft startling proposition, or the mol
accurate chain of reafoning could have done ; and he
has borne the laugh of his fair : i .-io, Ci., as well asof
the whole company, though he could not but feel, that
his own argument was attended with the fulleft de-
monftration; fo true it is, that it is not always necef-
fary to be right, in order to be applauded.
But let not a young lady's vanity be too much elated
with this falfe applauie, which is given, not to merit,
but to her fox: 1ie has not, perhaps, gained a victory,






26 ON CONVERSATION.

though fhlie may be allowed a triumph ; and it fliould
humble her to reflct, that the tribute is paid, not to
her fh-ength, but to her weaknefs. It is w orth while
Sto difcriminate between that applaufe, which is given
from the complai'fance of others, and that which is
paid to our own merit.
Where great fptightlinefs is the natural bent of the
temper, girls thouldendeavcur tohabituate themselves
to a cuftoim of observing, thinking, and reasoning. I
do not mean that they fhould devote themselves to ab-
1h'ufe fpcculation, or the fludy of logic ; but fne, who
is accuc!omed to give a due arrangement toher tho..ghts,
to rcaibn juffly and pertinently,on common afairs, and
judicioufly to deduce effects from their caufes, wili be a
better logician than fome ofthofe who claim the name,
becau!fe they have fludied the art : this is being "learn-
-ed without the rules ;" the beft definition, perhaps, of
S that flrt of literature which is .. for the fex.
That species of knowledge, which appears to be the
result of reflection rather than ofiece, fts pecularly
well on x- omen. It is not uncommon to find a lady,
who, though fihe does not know a rule of fyntax, gcarce-
S ly -everviolates one ; and xho conftru&cs every feutence
T he utters, wit ih more propriety than many a learned
|' dunce, v-ho has every rule of A:ikotieby hcarz, and
sI xwho can lace his own thread bare difcoiurfe ith the
*' 1, -, fhredsof Cicero and Virgil.
SIt has been objected, and I fear with feme reason,
I that female conversation is too frequently ti ic4urcd
with a cenbforious fpirit, and that ladies are ifelncm ap)t
to difcover much tendernefs for the errors of a fallen
S fi ter,
I 'If it be lo, it isa grievous fault.
S No argument can h-ihfv,, no p'eas can extenuate ot.
To exult over the inieres of an unhappy creature, is
' inhuman: not to cempafiionate them, is unchriftian.
S The worthy part of the fex always express theinmfelves
l umanely on the failings of others, in proportion to
their own undeviating goodness.
And here Icannot helpiLII that young wo-


. -1 I I - -7- -





ON CONVERSATION.


men <1o not always carefully diftingui'i between run-
ning into the error of detraction, a.nd its oppofite ex-
treme of indifcriminate applaufe. This proceeds from
the falfe idea they entertain, that the direct contrary
to what is wrong, :-.. it be right. Thus the dread of
being only fafpeted of one fault, makes them actual-
ly.v of another. The defire of avoiding the im-
puatiotta of envy, impels them to be infincere ; and to
eftablifi a reputaztio for iweetnefs of temper and ge-
nerofity, they affect sometimes to fbeak of very indif-
ferent characters with the moft extravagent applaufe.
VXith i fuch the hyperbole is a favourte figure ; and e-
very degree of comparison, but the fuperlative, is re-
j.t&ed, as cold z, r-.. But this habit of ex-
a'ggeration greatly weakens their credit, and deftiovs
the weight of their opinion on other occasions ; for
people very foon discover what degree of faith is to be
glven both to their judgment and veracity. And thofce
of real merit will no more be flattered by that appro-
bation, which cannot 1!,, rd .1 I the value of what it
praifes, than thie celebrated painter mult have been at
the Judgment palfed on his works by an ignorant fpec-
tator, who, being aiked whathe thought of fuch and
fuch very capital, but very n,, -] pieces, cried out
in an alifecled rapture, Allalike! all alike!"
It has been proposed to the young, as a maxim of
fuprenme wifdom, to manage fo dexterouflv in conmer-
fation as to appear to be well acquainted with fubjeis,
cf which they are totally ignorant ; and this. bh af-
. acting filence in regard to thofe, on which they are
Il.owxi to exceli.-But why counsel this I '" i .. ...
fraud? Why add, to the uumbarlef's arts of deceit,
this practice of deceiving, as it were, on a fettled
principle? If to difavow tlie knowledge they really
have, be a culpable affe&ation, then certainly to in-
finuate an idea of their fill where they are actually
ignorant, is a moft unworthy artifice.
But of all the qualifications for conversation, hu-
militv, if not the moft brilliant, is the fafeft, the moft
amiabl, and the moifi feminine. The affecdation of






as ON CONVERSATION.

introducing fubjecit, with which others are unace
quainted, and of dilfplying talents ftperior to the
reft of the company, is as dangerous as it is foolish.
There are many, who never can forgive another
for being more agreeable and more accomplished than
themfelvew, and who can pardon any offence rather
than an eclipfing merit. Had the nightingale in the
fable conquered his vanity, and :'i.'t.. i the temptati-
on of flowing a fine voice, he might have efcaped the
talons of the hawk. The melody of his fingiag was
the caufe of his deflrruc6ion ; his merit brought him
into danger, and his vanity coft him his life.


ON ENVY.


Envy came next-Envy with squinting eyes,
Sick of a flrange difea!j, his neighbour's health;
Bett then he lives, when any better dies,
Is never poor but in another's wealth :
Cn belt men's harms and griefs he feeds his fill,
Eife his own maw doth eat with fpiteful will;
Iil muft the temper be, where diet is fo ill.
FLETCHE-,'S PURPLE ISLAND.
CC W^NVY," fays Lo)rd Eacon, has no holidays."
J"E There cannot, perhaps, be a more lively and
fir king description of the miserable fRate of mind
tho'_ endure wvho are tormented wv.ith this vice. A fpi-
rit of cmulation has been fuprofed to be the fourcc of
the greatest improvements ; and there is no doubt but
the wairmefl rivalfhip vill produce the molt excellent
elfe&s ; bat it is tobe feared, that a perpetual ftate of
coneft v, ill insure the temper fo efentiaily, that the
mifchief will hArjly be counterbalanced by any other
advantages. Thol'e, whole progrefs is the moft ra-
pid, will be apt to deifife their !cis fuccefaful compc-
titcrs, who, in return, will fe-l the bittereft relent-
rmenrt 0.-.i,, their more fortunate rivals. Among
Icrfoas of real.gocdaefs, this jealoui'y and contempt





ON ENVY.


can never be equally felt: becaife every advancement
in piety will be attendedwithaproporrionable increase
of humility, which will lead them to contemplate
their own improvements with modefly, and to view
with charity the mifcarriages of others.
When an enviousman is melancholy, one may ak him,
in the words of Bion, what evil has befallen himnfelf,
or what good has happened to another? This laft is the
fcale by which he principally meafures his felicity, and
the very files of his friends are Ib many deductions
from his own happiness. The wants of others are the
flandard by which he rates his own wealth ; and he
efltimates his riches not fo much by his own poflletions,
as by the neceftities of his neighbours.
When the malevolent intend to strike a very deep
and dangerous ftroke of malice, they generally begin
the moft remotely in the world, from the fubjee't
nreareft their hearts. They fet out with commeid-
ing the objed of their envy for fome trifling quality
or advantage, which it is fcarcely worth while to
poffefs : they next proceed to make a general profef-
lion of their own good will and regard for him ; thus
artfully removing any fufpicion of their defign, and
clearing all obftiructioas for the infidious ftab they
are about to give: for who will fufpe& thinem of an
intention to injure the object of their peculiar and
profeiffed efleem? the hearer's belief of the fact grows
in proportion to the feeming reluaEance with which
it is told, and to the conviction lie has, that the rela-
ter is not influenced by any private pique, or personal
refentmert ; but that the conf ei n is extorted from
him forely ;'.. his inclination, and purely on ac-
count of his zeal for truth.
Anger is lefs rcafonabie and more fincere than en-
vy.-Anger breaks out abruptly ; envy is a great
prefacer: to be undersood at once ; en-
vy is fond of remote hints and ambiguities; but, ob-
fcure as its oracles are, it never ceafes to deliver them
till they are pc-.i.L -t, comprehended; anger repeat
D,





..v O N ENVY.

i' e fame circumstances over again ; envy invents newv
t :es at every frcif recital ; anger givws a broken,
i hement, and interrupted narrative ; envy tells a
,,'ore confiftent and more probnable, lionobh a, ial lcr
r ile : anger is excefively imprudent ; for it is "mpa-
Slent to ditclofe every thin g it kov en i: s dif-
'. eet ; for it has a great deal to hide : a,-er never
S-i'nults times or feafo;'s : evy waits for the lucky
Somet, when the wound it meditates may be made
Se iaoft exqnuifitely painful, and the n.oft incu ably
.ep; anger jfes more nvzcdtive ; envy does more
sftic.f: Pimple anger foon runs itl out of breath,
d is exhufted at the ed or its tale ; but it is for
t at choifn period that xenvy has treaiured up the
Soft barbed arrow in its whole quiver: anger puts
m. nan out of himfelf; but the truly malicious gene-
SMJly preserve the appearance I'." :, '. ., or they
,I'. ild not fo efiieually injure.-The angry man lets
Sit by destroying his whole credit with you at once;
S :" r he very franily confel'es his abhorrence and de-
1. flation of the ob- je of his abufe ; v while the envious
i an carefully :'_ hisown flare in the affair.
--The angry man defeats the end of his refentment,
Sweeping hij;?e' fcontinually before your eyes, inflead
"his enemy ; while the envious man artfully brings
j' vard the object of his malice, and keeps himfelf
v it of ight.-The angry man talks loudly of his own
%.rongs ; the envious of his adveriiry's injuftice.-
A paihonate person, if his refentments are not compl-
Sited with malice, divides his time between finning
az .id borrowing ; and as the irafcible paeions cannot
S)mfantyiv be at x ork, his heart may fboretimes get
I a holiday.-Anger is a violent ac', envy a confrant ha-
bit r-no one can be always angry, but he may be al-
' 'ays envious :-an angryman's enmity (;i he be ge-
t rerous) will fubiide when the object of his rfe.tment
becomes unfortunate, but the envious ma.n car extrac't
")od for his malice out of calamIty itleltl, if lie finds his
a Iverlarv bears it with dignity, or is pitied or afified
1 it. The rage -of the pallioiate Ilat is totally ex-





O0K ENVY.


tinguiflhed by the death of his enemy : but the hatred
cf the malicious is not buried even in the grave of Lis
riv a!: he will envy the good name he has left behind
hin ; he will envv him the tears of his xidow, the
profPerity of his children, the efteem of his friends,
the praifes of his epitaph-nay, the very magnificence
of his funeral.
The ear ofjealoufy heareth all things," fayss the
.wife man) frequently I believe more than is uttered,
'which makes the company of persons infected with it
fhtill more dangerous.
When you tell thoer of a malicious turn, any cir-
cumfiance that has happened to another, though they
perfec&tly know of whom you are- ; .*, they o'tei
afict to be at a lofs, to forget his name, or to mif-
apprehend you in fome refpect or other; and this,
mcrelv to have an opportunity of fily -r '"
their malice, by mentioning fome unhappy .... '
personal infirmity he labours under ; and not content-
ed, to tack his every error to his name," they vwill,
by way of farther explanation, have recourse to the.
fa-Its of hisfather, or the misfortunes of his family ;
and this, with a!l the feeming fimplicity anu card our
in the world, merely for the fake of preventirng mif-
takes, and to clear up every doubt of his ind.tity.-
If you are speaking of a lady, for instance, they will
perhaps embelifh their enquiries, by asking, if you
mean her, wvhoife great "i--i... i. r was a bankrupt,
though fhe has the vanity to keep a chariot, whilee o-
thers who are much better born walk on foot; or they
will afterwards recolleA, that you may pcllibl- y ari
hercoufin, ofthe tame name, whole mother was fif-
peqced of fuch or fuch an indifcret'on, though thie
daughter had the luck to make her fortune by marry-
ing, while her betters are overlo bked.
To hint at ajfaudt, does more michieftlan fpeak-
'in.':u.ot ; ir v. 1 .., ever is left for the imagination to
tir.,ill, I.;i n.,r i ,1 to be overdone : every hiatus will
I c .r., ii ir n 1il...1 up, and every paufe more than
. .1 r'^d. I'hi.l is lefi malice, and leis mischief too,






ON- E N V Y.


in telling a man's name, than the initials of it ; a& a
Nworthier perfon may be involved in the '.!'..-
ful fufpicions by fuch a dangerous ambiguity.
It is not uncommon for the envious, after having
attempted to deface the faireft character fo induftri-
ouflvy, that they are afraid you will begin to detet their
malice, to endeavour to remove your fufpicionseffecitu-
ally, by affuring you, that, what they have juft
Related is only the popular opinion ; they themselves
*" can never believe thing- are fo bad as they are laid
4" to be ; for their part, it is a rule with them always
Sto hope the bef. It is their way, never t.- believe
o- report ill of any ore. Thny ,vil!,h)wevcr, men-
tio, the ftorv in all cempa3r..es, that they may do
their friend the fervxce of protefiing their disbelief
Sof it." Mlore reputations are thus hinted away by
faifefriends, than are openly cestroyed by public ene-
mies. An if, or a bzet, or a mortiiicd look, or a lan-
n.-;. dcfence, oran ambiguous fhake of the head, or a
.*'. word a7-Iectedly recalled, will demolifh a charac-
ter more el[rctuallv, than the whole artillery of mna-
lice, when openly tevelled against it.
It is not that envy never prailes: No, that w would
be making a public i i ''' of itself, and advertil-
i-'... ts owa malignity;, whereas the greatest fuccelfs
cf.''; efbrt depends on the concealmenr of their end,
When envy intends to strike a fitroke of Machia-veliaa
policy, it f`,metimes affect:s the language of the moft
exaggerated applause ; though it generally takes care,
that the fibject of its panegyric liall! by a very indif-
ferent and common character, fo that it is well aw'arv
none of its praifes will frick.
It is the unhappy nature of envy not to be con-
tented with positive mifery, but to be continually ag-
gravating its own torments, Ly camnpar>n them with
the felicities of others. The eyes of envy are yerpetu-
ally fixed on the object which difiurbs it, rnor can it
avert them from it, though to procure itil-f the relief
of a temporary forgetfulnels. O i'feing the innocence
ofthQ fIft pair,





ON SZ_:TIM-ZNTAL CONNEXIONS 33

Af'Ie the Devil turn'd,
For envy, yet with jealous leer malign,
Eyed them a:kance.
As this enormous fin c .v. irir 9 .! the revolt,
and brought on the rui., of the angelic fpirits, fo it is
not improbable, that it i.l;bx- -t principal inftrument
ofmiflcry in a future wcr' f. the envious to com-
pare their defperate condition with the happiness of
the children of God, and to heighten their actual
-vretchednefs by reflecting on what they ?;I i W t.
Perhaps envy, like lying and ingratitude, is prac-
tifed with more frequency, because it is pradifed with
impunity ; but there being no human laws against thefe
crimes, is fb farfrom an inducement to commit them,
that this very confideration would be fufficient to deter
the wife and good, if all others were ., i -. I ; for
of how heinous a nature muft thofe fins be, which are
judged above the reach of human punhnim nt, and are
reserved forthe final juftice of God hiinelf!

O the Dangcr of Sentimentel or Romantic co2nnzeIions.

A MONG the many evils wh-ch prevail under the
fun, the abufe of words is not the leail confi-
derab!e. By the influence of time, and the per.ver-
fon of fafnion, the pl.incft and moft unequivocal may
be fo altered, as to have a meaning mafligned them
ahnoft .,... r,. i 1! cpptfite to their original fignifi-
cation.
The prefent age ?ma be termed, by way of diftinai-
on, ti-e age of fentiment, a word, which, in the im-
plica.tion it now bears, wasunknown to our plain al-.
ceftors. Sentiment is the varnifli of virtue, to conceal
the deformity of vice ; and it is not uncommon for the
fame perfons to make a jeft of religion, to break
through the moft fiiiemn ties and engagements, to
pra.tife every art of latent fraud and open feduction,
and yet to value themselves o. speaking and writing
I.:.,,...,:.


v






03 O SENTIMENTAL CONNEXIONS.

But this refinedjarxoa, 1 ,;ci has infe&ed letters,
and tairL-d rn r2l-, is.chit-l,] admired and :idujpretl by
young 11 i/ *..t" ct turr, \\iorc-'dfentimentalbobks,
writeJ. l:a, .'itl!'..tFl1 a.-d coutra't Jfntimentalfriend-
Jhips.
Error is never k.'-l, toIio Ibnnuchmifchief, as when
it d:C.zu,'.s it; real ti-le.;',,, and putson an engaging
ar.iti t.- ap.'. jpi,,arani,-t. ,.nr, a young woman,
vlioh uld be IlioL ktid Ji tlie inipuiat ion uf anintrigue,
i, t ,:trell. litatt-red iat the idl-.i of a lir.timnentalcon-
neti'n, tiliuiith pcrhaip, \l! ;a d.an rrous and defign-
\ ing man, ,who, by putting on this malk of plaufibility
andvirtue, di;firms h.r of her prudence, lays her ap-
|prehenfions a Ileep, andinvolves her in rnilk-r' -ni IC-
ry the more inevitable, because unfufpeaed. For he
whoapprehends no danger, vv ill not think it -'ezt!r ry
to be always upon her guard; but will- rather invite
than avoid the ruin, which comes under fo fpeeious and
f o fair a form.
Such an engagement will be infinitely dearer to her
vanity, than an avowed and authorized attachment;
for ons ofthefe sentimental lovers will not fcrnple very
4.eriouflywt affiirt a cre,-luius girl, that her unparall-
led merit entitles her to the adoration of the whole
World, and that the univerfal hiora e of mankind is
nothit-. more than the unavoidable tribute extorted
by ti,.r charms. No wonder then fihe fliould be foeafi-
]y pr %-ilcid on to believe, that an individual is cap-
tivated by c fi-..,. which mrnht enclave a million.
But fhe should remember, that he, who endeavours to
intoxicate her with adulation, intends one day moft
cFc. lu.ily to humble her. For an artful man has al-
V aj.. :, Ih- rL t defign to pay himfeif in future for every
present facrifice. And this prodigality of praife,
which he now appears to lavifh \ th. fi.:h thoueht-
l. r, profuriin, is, in faet, a foum c,'onomic alI\ laid out
I'-i hIpphi',' ttTire neceffities: ('ofthis uni he kceps
ani t\a t Clinitar-, and at fone dillaot ilday pri'piil.s
himfelfthe moft exorbitant ;nterell for it. 1f he has
4ddre1 iandcunduct, ;nDt he ubjctl of his i-ir hii: .nuc l






ON SENTIMENTAL CONNTEXION3.. 3;

vanlit, anJ 'Ome rI-l'bilirv, he 1l,! 'm fails of'"cc.r.:';
fir 1;, p. *i! will h- li; a rsin-danc. over her mind,
thatihe will ; a> i idopz ili eo is I ,r.l opinions. In-
deed it is :nio, than piv.b1L*C 1 .: p.,fTefled moff of
them before, having gridial.il, acquired them in her
initiation into the sentimental character. To main-
tain that charaaLer with di.nitv and pioprit t',, it is
neceifary 1he flhould entertain the moft elevated ideas
of dipr.,'ortr.,ridr_ 'diac.-, and dii,triltt.Jd love,
and consider fortune, rank, anid r. .'-irL1ttion, a+ mere
chhimerical diflii'jtio,,., and vulgar pi.:.c'!-.
The lover, deeply verfed in all the obliquities of
fraud, and killed ro wind himself into every avenue
of the heart, 'Ai17h in -'1: ri .,on has left unIguarded4
foon difcovers on which fide it is moft accelfible. He
avails himfelfof this weaknel's by addrefling her in a
.la .-,0 ,'C lv C inJ rimfl rt I'o h r r-.v i -. He at-
iatk" h, r ,ti i her ,v. n % c-'nrn, *srd 1ni p,'.'K rhapfo-
d.- to fentiin nt. HR profelfes fo foyereign a contempt
for the p.iltrv con:eric' of money, tiii !-,.- thinks it
he"r dutL, o tr ird him tor'fo generous a renunciation.
E etrr pka Iic art fullv advances of !.i_- m n i I,- -,A 'i-
i.: ., is cotiidtrnd w, heras a frn-ih df-r.:,:., which
her gratittide inul anl'a er. An.! hmin3';is it a point
c.." honounir to I\'iti ice to him that fortune white he is
toin nobl: tio reward. Ti 1-t pr.'.'-.. >t" '- 1 ,i!'it ire
the corniinmon artifice ol the vain; and their pir*t,! i-
OiS ir' Jewlruoitt the refuge of the rapaciotus. And
anlod' ir- it it'i, I ni:onh _r.."ih :i., it isoneof th .
lurc iai! lIucc-i',ful frauds of fentiment,. to awi'.Ut the,
nimlt 'rigil ir.Ulrdd-rFcrc t to thofe external and r-u-.tuia-
rT advantages, %s hich it is it'- grc.t' and rtal (Cje.t to=
Oltii n.
A ilnrimerntal irl very rir> y entertains any doubt
of hl r pcrfiial bt.ur% I tomed to conrem.-lait it herll-i, and to hea r f it t'r, In
ote-rs. She %i!ll rer therefore be very folicitous for
the con!irmna:tion od" a truth I felf ev.-idtc r:t ; but flit
lu!'pc&-;, that her pretenltns to u-:drflaindi::g are
mere likly tobvdifsntLd, and, f'r lhat rtaliu, gree-







36 ON SENTINEKTAL CONNEXIONS.

dily devours t\,erv compliment offered to thofe perfec-
tions, which ijtr,: le.' o ous a3d more refined. She
is perfuaded tli it men o,-'\ oo-ri clheir eyes tode-
cide on her bt ait), hi eit ill b' tlie moft convinc-
ing proof of the tafte, fenife, and elegance of her ad-
mirer, that he can difcern and flatter thofe qualities in
her. A man of the character here Iippofed, will ea-
fily infinuate himfelf into her affections, by means of
this latent but -I i rg; foible, which may he called the
ru,,;o.l c(ue toa fentimerntal heart. He will affedto
overlook that beauty which attracts common eyes,
and enfhares common hearts, while he will bellow
the molt delicate praifes on the beauties of her mind,
and finifh the climax of adulation, by hinting that fIe
is superior to it.

\ And when he tells her ffie hates flattery,
She fays flhe does, being then molt flatter'd.

But nothing, in general, can end lefs dLi gtIfidlly
than thefe fublime attachments, even where no ads
of fedutionu are ever pradifed, but they are fuffered,
Slike mn re fublunary connedions, to terminate in the
S vulgarcataftrophe of marriage. That wealth, which
S latelyfeemed to belooked on with iniTl',bl' contempt
by the lover, now appears to be the principal attrac-
tion in the eyes of the buftband: and he, who but a
few Ihort weeks before, in a tranfport of fentiminental
generofity, wihed her to have been a n'ili.1 maid,
with no portion but her crook and her beauty, and that
; thby in*-,ht fpend their days in pastoral love and inno-
cence, has now loft all relilh for the Arcadian life, or
any other life in which he mult bL tY, cJidipadiun.

Onn tle olht r hand, Ihe who was lately
Ang 1 t _ll'J ann c.n ,;;! .e a,),.r'd,

isfhockcii to tiirl hcrf'I. IC at once fltripped of all her ce-
hItldal arrrileu Tlis late divinity, who fcarcely
y"icldidto her fifters of the Jky, nowv filndls herll" of





ON SENTIMENTAL CONNEN]IONS. A7

I ir~i;:or:':,ac: in, the, efL -em o thi nan ir ihas ,ho-
tlil, Ihdr i i- o:hter Tr Lrt mortal ; JI:I ,1. N l .'-
i, ; e i r3'::i ._ iitlh :-"h t-ar of eurt, Ki;. 'li,- ,
the Ilgh oi! d-iri mled raptiri:, irthc I .. 1- .Q i pfe-
mcIleditatd I a.4-"raroi. No lorintr ; tIre alrar of her
rda iti I.'.. i :!'i ti i; bi la!ii-,.'i j r .i t .t;,in ; ;.ii l-.Ii. 1rtl ',,
Iih ih, i. u'. oC !1" 1C oild, nr thl" L' i ri': c of H, .' I r '.-
Hi r 4\, h ,... i i, tJ Sld-, i,'eli lit f!i! .'. iad.dl
Ir,:,i IL l;ari]t.Ci .tind pri% i:lc:c of .j i,,, lr i'<. :o ai'.l
t he i i'j c -tiuin c i sm i j'iirt , ;A-iC ( r.Ik,11(Jl'. si- ll1ii It-
ti wu-m in, aI ida r -i;l,:tcd ".. ,l. H-.er aul';, which
U tTre to fir Iv oivt.rlohld, oIr il.liaplck f'ir *. Iriot e. 3rd
nLon, a; Cd:l;uliuL. s, let in, al n.lC-I;no... TIt palliun,
Yc'c \% a o ede-% roal, I'Ll.hI -.I a fI I*l. ,r: '%c: ,k
a rid lIr i Ti-,,I r, li.. \ %In h \' in Ii !I 'r I ., -n i r in-
ci, i ii n t,. bJ.id mi':t that it 3. I.I n t i l).I.'! h i'lIt-
-,_ .,i, l.i! \m' r, .n il ii', ;h ticr ; l.-n tirelo m e
.i io nc ,!" tU I r it ,IdJ, ,.>:aist, j.,, ic r t .
fliu; n'ich ftcr lit (,omrl ion oif rh,_ -1 r-t iirit l
hi'l.r' It" '. e tract it ha,3 ': o it; It.. ili .- l ih ll
fit.I!. I.ait a dalnnlt 1 i thi call i .1 1. r li;.,.;r.i.r2i-;.l!y
ti r -iid b I' t r!ii riT' i'.. lli _', .i3n I i r i".l i ,. .'.ii l -
td I' inm prc.it ,it fi nidlhlip.. .!it !t.cr I'a r ti !i' lt.le.
;L bElk t'.: c I .). i, i i. iic' I i u -r I;i n tiltI ar-1 I !;:1in 'I, r,
foihii1' i!" II.. cai !,. !p it, nor ruiiie io ia 1nd r'o t as1
li.-ii I I. A .olent intincz I rilliif-, or, 'i I' pk 1the
lan, u pae of' t itini-',t, an iiilltI .T ,e iii.Oin <.0 IiOu'.. it i-
roCd.' te -l tal.c-s place, liii Ii- ri-iiClt t .,- h:i le h-
cit p Ir,. b. I ic'ier .in .,rr l s ,.ni ii, c ra:'l- Cr -n(,a
trlriii i thle\ Ili- i, li>,- II I itrt'', r ptr Wir7 irlthl
fjinct iihi,-. I'lla- is r!h 'i I l1irh -;ri-i,i :pll. fL-it
and 1"iippli-,< tli< I!.n !,,l ,l.'i^( ,:ii'- t, n rjki .
corrl'dI ,i^rde.r'. il., rv,. Ii citc.I unm-txlrjc tat h iherr
in Ahe f'i lt Iltiilit"r ilm .i;..i'il T 'et-', .'-pitl'-:nt ro-
manitic l Of Cir the -r.:-it mi,-,rtant Ibuiirl' <" o huln.1.
life, ?.a- i'i d 't ..- .II ti. olth- r rno ct.ri otf it a- Tl1in
low 3!r riir; m:. nrt tih at-ti.:o,! of" I'u'h i-lvear
td hnirl-z, i il\ tit unl\ tn -ipIcv i he dii2.httr,' i)
ftli p!ii '-ring r'ul.i ir. In ilili.- Irt rt fai':il\ 'iffa;r
are nii'L'pilaLl,; fam Iily ltcir;[i L .sVid ,d, an i lrIlm

'I





13 O.- SENTIMENTAL CONNEXIONS.


p lini' rtilJnct a raS cited. Thiey art i ll- d i ct '\
I <-11 icl 'linl anmir., nid practt iftan.l l i r'i'r-enild' iig
lovs RLi'B it ris "- iitAs -an ilnit.it ..i'' t: priil i-
pal em ht llI''i :ciii'> ,rthI nli i'.1 cl 1 ;,.i:. .It!<. a -
j eI n", j' ,iC ('c .'it i~iili'.! *i, l]t!".m i<. t'.l t; \ 'r.^11 au]j
,li. p rrSol.t',I, eser.,:. i'ur.- c' . .. r ,i;- J :a-,.I ; -n e.
Inr 3L'ltvon-ire. t-ers i !-I.r l -. %t 'i*c ,'ti :i I-r-'-
fc'-toln, arid i;-' .i e, d,. r1. I.L i toi .L fi i'Ile The
S drinntr' i p a :, tl'p-.'. all, 1ic.- Witol tiln! '! !ran,,, ran-
tc, .,rt. qii.jdl' i;i i r ;''" ,lrt -. 1 ,,,-i. -ii c, tr, "-w r;.,iil
S or p3 h Ai: I '. J! t i.',.Jr- ,! tr-. i i. p ,' 1% ,n
l' i.' 'i.L CI t.ilrlnu, ,i n'J, S ,t'". I I rh v,,, i ni S oT'ic ]I|ID-
Np'ic i 'n. iL bniII; l!c. o '1"' I ;. ciTr1'.nll}, n c t'im -
a. .Ian.rl 5,t ij(,f t rie fjr r n'iIrl. r. ,1.,.'. iS n At too
Tnil tir hi r licrois nor IM.,rn,i.a to'. mid fior I- r

Fj'Tiths i~lr A.nr Wit'..,;i7, an txprefi,-,. ninhrh an
IJ! n, .p ,' anI I ..! a ,, d i%;v,: \-. iLth ci Luliar iiph.-, '4 and
.' tnd-ul'.1,"in Fori3 a f 'i rite topic -if r.cli cp,'lc' ii
th: *.ri.i -;ilrl '(i t r'irrLd Ir.r .ii t nipt: r .i1 ;ie .ir 'is,
i h,_> I .ril li t. i o r tinJ no qri.iar-tr' at it 1;i .1,i ot
tht ir d,-1,. tr[:, ?f'iolld tli.\ prel'imrc tr be lo lb .ir.ra-
Ii:.ihl _f dI 'ircki thtr roiurlc of rcadn, ini- i ..1 're
i tilltir it, i i o' I'l irds, or interrupt ti .:ir %tr 7ni-
r..-irtdni cirrfpordcnce. But as theiic \<;.i9 lad t- arc.
fir hile in txp. il.! t-. aind as tl-tir itru,, i t -,. tr
P Troii t arcia -ah!it; t.icfld tlhin in il--]linw re ii. :'c:,
ltiv ai' ;.it n without ilicir r. cret e\ula:i on, .1i cfe
ti:-'. r n rhi. .. i- 'intert lhiro event', fh-r.uld h.-i pcn, pen
S tiev carr %i ith them a c retain air oft, rarn i ,,l xtr-
S fccrtion %hkih is crv dcliglihtFtuil. For a pr,'. hi-id
,-,rrl'pondc nrce i one of thie -rat in-'dnr, orf !i.ni-.
tnt ma1t3 lift-and a I-ticr clinderificiv rut-i- d, tile
'fuprc-m fdicirv of a le,.-tihntal ladiv.
.N,.,thihn c:on t-iu. l the 3 lorilu-r1,i nit (o1f :h ;' r- Iring
fpirit', \s hen ihtir plain frictrn .l pr trd.1-.nt rulatith'-.
I r l' l i, tor it lir. lte with tl nil n a,', iimpri'Trrttv
ih, rht'r ondue t. Put ift ihce -1'rr'liv pc., 'pi Ihnppel
lo be IbmGheti-at ad\aircsi hI lit'e, tli.l'r inco'lir--pr ;
then a little lftcned b) pirv, at the rCt'lt:tion that
i





ON SF.NTIMENTAL CONNEX\IONS. 39

fuch very ar tjua3tc4l poor crc-o,,c s should pretend
tojudge what is ht or unfit bfor ladies 4.r C I, i-r rtI-at
refinement, icinfe, and reading. They ...li. r thI -ri,
as wretches utterly ignorant o'i the fublime pleafures
of a delicate and exalted paffion ; as tyrants whofe
authority is to be condemned, and as fpies whole vi-
gilance ;s to be eluded. The prudence ofthefe worthy
friends they term fulpicion, aid their experience dot-
age. For they are persuaded, that the face of tilings
has fo totally changed, I ce their parents were young,
that though they might then judge tolerably for them-
felves, yet they are now (with all their advantage of
T:iL.,oi.-, and obfervation) by no means qualified to
direct their more enlightened daughters ; who, if they
have made a great rogrclsin the lientimenitai xw alk, x ill
be no more hifluencec by the advice of their mother,
than they would go abroad in her laced pinner, otr her
brocade fuit.
But young people never liow their folly and ignor-
ance more coulpicuoufly, than by this over confidence
in their own judgment, and this haughty difdain of
the opinion of thole who have known more days.-
't..LIuI ia a quicknefs of appreheafion, which it is
& r .r"' .r rni;il. L. for an accutenefs of penetration.
Bhur \..thi, like cunning, though very conceited, is
,. ij.'.rt-lilited, and never more fo than when it
diur.,irdJ i, inftrudions of the wife, and the admo-
rlt,... ot lie aged. The fame vices and follies
i ri -it.Je human heart in their day, which influence
it .... ,ii *i early in the fame manner. One x h. well
k,. ii t '. Idland its various vanities, has laid, "The
i" %%. t, i liath been, it is that which hall be;
1 i i, I C'..t u iich isdone, is that which Ihall be done;
61 a.d th.r. ik no new thing under the fun."
It 1 jihb3 f.art of thefentimental charader, to ima-
gi;- liv.t nI.,t but the 1.1.,,0g aild the beautiful have
aLi r u't t rlie pleafurns c.mrnji l[itni fits and bleffings of life. Ladies of mhis
I'tjrn iln6 atcHt th. moff lofty d;Iregard for ufeful qua-
li[n. nJ dmL-ti virtues;. and this is a natural con.






40 ON S'NT.E.ENTAL CONNEXIONS.

sequence ; for aw tr-hi4 (rt of reoiim,_ rt is only a word
for idlenefs, fhiev. I. -coifl.iii, ..-.d ufefully employ-
ed, hasneither1 -iire no; pioplur.t, 1 cultivate it.
A fentimenta! L'-d primi iay\; Ii'i .'i herfelf on the
rdjigr mint orlher notions, and her liberal way of
111 i. \i ig. Th is ftperiority of foul chiefly manifefts it-
felfin the contempt of there minute delicacies and lit-
tle decorums, which, trifling as they may be thought,
tend at once to dignify the character, and to refrain
the levity of the younger part of the lex.
Perhaps the error here complained of, originates in
mifiakingfentimert and principle fer each other. Now
I conceive them to be extremly cli.y-. .... Sentiment
is the virtue of ideas, and principle the virtue uf adion.
Sentiment has its feat in the head, principle in the
heart. Sentiment fuggefts fine harangues and fuhbtile
diftindlions ; principle conceives juft notions, and per-
forms good actions in confcquence of them. Senti-
ment refines away the fimplicity of truth and the plain-
nefs of piety; and, as a celebrated wit x has remarked
of his no lefs celebrated contemporary, gives ,s vir-
tue in words and vice in deeds. Sentiment may be call-
ed the Athenian who knew what was right, and prin-
ciple the Lacedemonian who pratifed it.
But thefe qualities will be better exemplified by an
attentive consideration of two admirably drawn cha-
rafters of Milton, which are beautifully delicately,
and diftinlUy marked. Thefe are Belial, who may
not improperly be called the demon offentimentr, and
Abdiel, who may be termed the angel of principle.
Surv t'-e piiin c fiBelial, drawn by the fablimeft
.i. L I that ever held the poetic pencil.
A faircr pcrfon loft not heav''u he feem'd
For dip:nitv coarpof'd, and high exploit;
But all was falie and hollow-:hough his tongue
Dropt manna, and could make the worfe appear
The better reafon, to perplex and dafli
Sm. r At cou.e0ls; for his thoughts were low ;

Se Voltaire 'rop'hcy concerning Rouleau.





ON SENTIMFENTAL CONNEXIONS. 41

To vice ir. ii ', but to nobler deeds
Ti':,''i C, k'.u iot "uUI h, yet hlie pleaded the ear.
Paradife Lofl, B13. II.

Here is a lively and exquifite rep-efentation of art,
fibtility, wit, fine breeding, and polithed manners :
on the whole, ofa very accomphihed and fcntiinental
Ipirit.
Now turn to the artlefs, upright, and unfophiflti-
eated Abdiel.

Fathful found-
m.-".-i the faithlefs, faithful only he-
.inr. ii, innumerable fallh, unmov'd,
Unfliakcn, uniiduced, i, ''ii!: -. ;.
His loyalty he kept, his love, his real.
Nor number, nor example with him wrought
To fiverve from truth, ti change his constant mind
Though single.
BOOK V.
But it is not from thefe defcriptions, juft and frik-
ing as they are, that their characters are fo perfectlv
known, as from an examination of their cendu t
through the remainder of this divine work ; in wh1ch
it is well worth while to rLcmnr!: the confonamcy of
their actions, with what the pictures feem to
pronmife. It will alfo be l-if- .. that the 'I I
between them is kept up throut;'hout, with tle utmoft
exadnefs of delineation, and the moil animated
strength of colouring. On a review it v.ill be. found,
tl.jr i. t! ;aP Iall, and Abdiel did all. Theformer,

'With words fill clothed in reafon's uilce,
Counfell'd -": iL_- eafe and peaceful floth,
Not peace.
BooK II.
In A.bd! we will conflantlv fi te eloquence of
E





42. ON hEN\TIME.NTAL CON.Z':! IONS.

action. VWhen temptedby the I L 'Il, with
what retortedfcorn, wvth -bat I, '.' "' irnation he
tdcfrts their multitudes, and retreats from their con-
tagious society
All nig-ht the dreadlefs angel vnpurfued
Through heaven's wide champaign held his way.
BooK VI.

No wonder he was received with fuch acclamnations
of joy by the 11 k luI powers, when there wsas
But one,
Yes, of fo manv myriads fall'n, but one
IIetutrn'd not loll. IBID.

And afterwards, in a clofe contest with the arch-
fiend,

A n,.'-!c fhlke he lifted high,
On the proud creft of Satan.
i IBID.

What was the effe& of this courage of the vigilant
and active feraph ?
/.r-" i/cnun ,t fe-',7.\
The rebel thi, i ., Lhut gie .-. r ri'.c to fee
Thus foil'd :i..'.r minhtit it.

Abdiel had the fuperiority of Belial as much in the
iv rlike combat, as in the peaceful counfels.
Nor was taught butjuft,
That he, who in debate of truth had won,
Should win in arms-in both difputes alike
Vidor.

But i,:zit1 fLa;ir,di: I have fpoken with fome af-
perity ':a..-Infl k .tr. i.:, as opprfcd topriecipl. yet
Ain C o..'. ncerd, th.t true [Ju'Le i[nmL I .L i'Lt the

4'I ,






ON SEN'TIMVENTAL CONYLrX'l-)NS. 43

fort I have been klrc ribi -'-Y in i. be _o conne6ced with
r,'inci- ., asto *t, ,', on it it, i'r, I luffre, and
i.. :, n'aptivating gr a.-.. And eathuiafm is fo
far from ''."., disagreeable, that a portion of it is
perhaps indt'penfably neceffary in an tn: I .- wo-
man. But it muft be the enthufiafm of the heart, not
of the fenfes. It muff be the enthufiafinA which grows
up with a feeling mind, and is cherifhedby a virtuous
education-not that which is compounded of irregu-
lar .Iin.-. and artificially refined by books of unnatu-
ral fiction and improbable adventure. I will even go
fo far as to alert, that a young woman cannot have
any rca'i _-. Li>'. of foul, or true elevation of princi-
ple, if If'-L ; Is 11.t a t'. 't... of what the vulgar would
call romance, but which perfons of a certain way of
thinking willdifcern toproceedfrom thoit fine feelings,
and that charming fenfibiiity, xw without which, -I....
a woman may be worthy, yet fhe can never be amia-
ble.
But this dangerous merit cannot be too rigidiy
watched, as it is very apt to lead thofe who poffcTs it
into inconveniencies from which lefs intereffing cha-
racters are happily exempt. Young women of flrong
fenfibility may be carried by the very amnablenefs of
thi, temper, into the mofi alarming extremes. Their
taftesare pa lions. They love and hate with all their
hearts, andfcarcelv fuffer themselves to feelta reasonable
preference before it trengthens into violent attachment.
When an innocent girl, of this open, truffing, ten-
der heart, happens to meet with one of lher own fex
and age, whofe addrels and manners are c -.1.,
fihe is inflantly feized with an ardent desire to corn-
mnience a friendship with her. She feels the moftlive-
ly impatience at the restraints of company, and the
dcor.,. I ceremony. She longs to be alone with
her, longs to affure her of the warmth of her tender-
nefs, and generously a. .hc';. to the fair stranger all
the good -.m .; flhe feels in her own heart, or r,, .t r
all thofe which filhe has mnet with, in her- r i. na:,r dif-
perfed in a variety of heroines. She is perliiaaded, that






44 ON SENTI- NTAL CONNEXIONS.

her new friend unites them all in herfcif, because fhe
carries in he'r preFofil-ng countenance the promife of
I them all. Hew crut el and how cenbforious vould this
inexperienced girl think her mother was, ho fllould
venture to hint, that the agreeable viknown had de-
S fec&s in her temper, or exceptions in her character !
She flihold .,. ticfhere hints of discretion for the in-
S fnuations of an uncharitable difpofition. At firil lhe
would perhaps li{fen to them with a generous impati-
ence, and afterwards with a cold and filent dildain.
She nould doipB them as the effc& of prejudice, mif-
reorefc~tattio, or ignorance. Tine more aggravated the
cenfure, the more vehmemleniv wuvald ie protefl in
Secret, that her friendihip for this dear injured crea-
t ure (who is rai'cd much higher in her eflee'-n by luch
iajurios nfuipicions) fiall knowv no hounds, as flie is
affured it can know no end.
Yet thi trutfina confidence, this honeft indifcretion,
is, at tLis earvy period of li, as aniiable as it is natu-
! ral ; and will, if widely cultivated, produce, at its
proper feafon, fruits iafiunitcly mere valuable than all
S the guarded circunp-ction of premature, and there-
fore artidfcial prnudence. PMen, I believe, are feldom
lIruck x-th thefe fudden ; r -,., I..-.. in favor of each
o. other. are not Ibun nufpee i.g, nor fo easily led
away by the predominance of fancy. They engage
i more warily, and pals thro-gh the federal ftages of
c'in- -.".=', intimacy, and confideece, by flower
gradations; but women, ifthey are ifometimes deceiv-
ed in the choice of a friend, enjoy even then an higher
degree of fatisfaclion, than if they never trufted. For
S to be always clad in the burdensome armour offufpici-
p n, is more painful and inconvenient, than to run the
S hazard of tflfering now and then a tranfient injury.
But the above observations only extend to the young
and the inexperienced ; for I am very certain, that
women are capable of asfaithful and as durable friend-
Ihip as any of the other fex. They can enter not on-
ly into all the enthufiafiic tcndernefs, but ito all the
folid fidelity of attaclyient. .iu, .fv.L. cannot oppofe






ON TRUE AND FALSE M.I.EEKNL.SS. 45

inflances of equal weight with thofe of Nyfus and Eu-
rvyas, Thefeus and i'.iil on, Pylades and Oreftes,
let it be remembered, '.1it i is because the recorders of
thofe characte s were men, and that the very Itt ...
of them is merely poetical.
On True and FalUf Meeknefs.

A LOW voice and foft addrefs are the common in-
lications of a well bred woman, and should feenem
to be the natural effects of a meek and quiet spirit:
but they are only the outward and visible figns of it ;
for they are no more meeknefs itt'felf, than a red coat
is .. :.., i .. black one devotion.
St ,. :, ,.. i; more compimon than to miftake the 'i
forthe t i ,'*; nor is any practice more frequent,
than that of endeavoring to acquire the exterior
mark, without once thinking to labour after the in-
terior grace. Surely th- i... r,*i-.'.. at the wrong
end, ike attacking the fi ni11. .n 11.1 I,. j !. 1,. the
dif'eafe. To regulate the feattires, while the !oul is
in tumults, or to comniand the voice, while the --',-
ons are without r I. :,Ii is as idle as throwing odours
ipto a flieam when the founrce is poluited.
The fipient king, vho knew better than any man
the nature and power of beauty, has alfured us, that
the temper of the mind has a firing influence upon the
features : 1V Wifdomn maketh the face to lhiri.," idAS
tha: exquifite judge : and furely no part of .'Im i;
more likely to produce this amiable cfite, than a
placid ierenitv of Ibul.
It will noct be difficult to .i1 r, I'tn ill, i-.j tE,",i the
artificial meeknefs. Th. i,.r...... ,: -:.t.r:. i d1, 1 ha-
bitual; the latter, local and temporary. Every %,.-t, -
female may keep this rule by her, to enable her to
form a juft, 1i '.'.. 'r of her own temper : if ihe is not
as gentle to her chamnibermaid, as 4he is to he. vi ;.- Z,
fle 1 I llt I :. -; that the fpirit of -..'.- is nout.
in her.






46 0% TRTUL ,,.. FALSE MEEKNESS.

AWh-o v. iil. r. ,t I c : 'r o lcd anl disappointed to be-
l.-,lil he % -I -W.:iJ %-i.n.'., Id ;oft and engaging as
1t h ., v,. S L iiI, jliiplc\ jii'1 i titouland graces and
.jifrA.tt1,. Iti % in tila lit- .rti I irge company- and
t inll.-!t t'.i.y C1i 'ti. Et. l'.- I-cr look mad as the
I',t LII t' ,I, 11 .i .,l ll Hi Ir, lItened graces driven
f'..ii I.. ,'., I t.. I Iri'atiji o,i 1 i bcca-Je her gow n
v ,' .. 1.: L. '. qfl irt r oft ., hour later than flhe
P: .i..'.., I o I, r k,..1.,,l i iit hIi' a lhade lgLhter or
.u I..; ii I' '.. idY^
c S ... .'..; L ,r I 1o proceed from their
1ILr j:.. ; a, '" . r n ..tr ,-..larlytrueof ladies:
;ir n t a ...' -. it:,,' ir -r i) l.i-.., theylie more
.-..r, to t' :_ ,,i.(..,Li.-' tr'b 'Li'tr :.1,.lies, to whomrn theur
r.-"l,:h ,[ 'c L;.'s', :1' 1 C.: fe :ly known ; for
ti.1. tI !,L .,- 0 '0 0i' 11 V.I K to praiife any dif-
, ,.iil..f .Lillr. & ., ,. *. 6. -i .i-'.. ion they do not va-
'.., '.!, r ,-IT i .. i.- .i. ,'t to their m oft in-
r, 1. t '. i ,., .. i o: L I l I are paid for it.
.ir..., ..':,. J .': t.. r, r! exterior ofgentle-
": : i l..; -i, a .I., 1., i the whole manner
..* .,'..ri.-'l, i ., ii i next to im pol -
'..._ ," l" -, ., .... a:,, l!n of their true di:-
S.', .: .. .: ti .. 1 : and even the very
,..-" ,- -.. ". iett-.1 '., that phyfogncmrny,
. i .i I'i *.'.. ", ,.'til. t ,-.,ong the vulgar, is,
,:; -. E i~.- [' .'; i h ,-i t r'n I i I -, e.
i-'a i ", .., ',,", [i IL ,', happens alioto be
a \t'" .1 f. ,.., '.a Li ,!...u: file has fo m uch to
Vt.,la,. ,.i. t.- . r I I .1. t.[t \ higherr real tcmper,
M ,'l a.l ,-:... i t, ri ., .r d fibftnes, w which,
l'; 1r- ' h'- ', I>t l,-I It 'l-' i fro T11 the na-
tii '' 3 p- a .i, r!i: i 1 hi'a: gentlenes is ever
i .J.'- .' i I .1 11 kil -. rfeite which is lo
L i~ :.s 0, p ,.. '.u., .. the proper uie of
f'., ,' it , t- [.], , .. ,ia:n' .:it a akcs
I;,,i .d ,.i .. .11 i-.!..-n. e God's creatures.
*.., .-. ii. i. ,-.. _-'il, .:. ror e very faed' n-
a' ii ., ,r- P.,' i' .. i t* the infcript:ons en
t.,a.:' l-ura.rai... ;;hi.::r '.t..l nothing but good of


ii^-^...^,






ON TRUE AND FALSE MEEKNESS 47


what is within; but he i hIo lno, a'n tl.in, of the
world, or of the human heart, will no r.'. t r ru!' to the
countenance than he will depend on the epitaph.
Among the various ajrrl- : of factitious mceknefs,
one of the minoft frequent and moil plauftble, is that of
affecting to be always equally -delighted with all per-
fons and all characers. The fociety of thcfe languid
beings is without (.,lirhice ; theirfriendflhip xvithout
attachment; and their love without .. oi, or even
preference. This infipid mode of conduct may betar'e ;
but I cannot think it has either tafte, ienic, or prin-
cip!e in it.
Thefe uniformly fimniling'and approving ladies, who
have neither the noble courage to reprehend vice, nor
the generous warmth to bear their ] 1 i I ..*i\ in
the cafe of virtue, conclude every one to be iii-natured
who has any penetration, and look upon a ditlinguilh-
ingjudgment as want oft,:) :.i. t... But they should
learn, that this diicernment does not always proceed
from an uncharitable temper, but from that long ex-
perience and thorough knowledge of the w world, which
lead thofe who have it, to scrutinize into the conduct
and di{pofitjon of men, before they trufait entirely to-
thoie fa.r appearances which ifometimes veii the molt
insidious purposes.
We are perpetually miftaking the qualities and dif-
pofitions of our own hearts. We elevate or.: C. ,
into virtues, and qualify our vices into xt ..'.. :
and hence arife fo many fall judgments refpeding
meeknefs. Self-ignorance is at the root of all this
r]i! r. Many ladies complain, that, for their part,
their spirit is fo meek that they can bear nothing ;
1 1,1L .Z, if they fpoke truth, they would fay, their
f.irlt i. 6b high and unbroken, that they can bear no-
thing. Strange to plead their meeknefs as a reason
why they cannot endure tobe crofled, and to produce
their impatience of contradiction, as a .uo: u.' their
gentleneft.
Meeknefs, like mofo other virtues, has certain Ii-
mits, wVhich it no fooner exceeds, than it becomescri-






4 O, TP.UE AND FALSE .FKNr.:.S.

iri.. Y.Sr :|, t.f,'pirit is not gentlenefs, but weak-
,. 0; i.,. .1 .,J, under the fpc ;. '..
I l.:n: tI r!I' W . ..., w ill lead to the ;; .. .. -
<;'.ml. .-. L '!Y..: who hears innocence maligned
. ,r 1.i,. I WI!,u .Ci .,ii1 1;. .aliehood affected without con-
t r,,iL ii ,.r r.,I.i prophaned without reienting
it, i-. i 0, ;.: .l kicked.
T5i. ,. pr :., ufe of an innocent injured friend,
it' Ill- I" i., I happens to be againff him, is the
nii, 1.1 . v aknefs. This was the cafe ofma-
'. 1 ; L. ..... 1 .L She loved the charac er and ad-
ir..1 i i. [ l.i i fRacine; flie.cardfed him hlile
In I..L i 11 -..i. but wanted the greatnefs of mind,
or r., .i" Iln i.t ii, onn justice, to protect 1im against
irIt" r,:'.L til, s. ,vhen he had ; and hir favourite
\\ a il., ;.. iu (ile tirjicious jealonfy of tlhe -,
1 in J.- -,L r It r aonfirance might have prefervrd
i-n ,ln.t I]' i .. i-. nefs, if not abfoluve ccnnivanee,
ii, IL.L ., i.t i .1' re of the proteflants, in whofe
C1 i11-1 !W, I UI ... bred,is a far more ,ul r' \ inftance
of 'a. .: ..'t: ..; ,i irnflance -xhich, in tpite fall her
cr. ... I. .'l ;i. tcomparable-p-udence, willdii'ina-
I, ,->r'i. -, hi,,m,1,,! the annalsofgood women, how-
t-,.i il,. .. .... :lted to figure among the great and
S; tis *i. .'.. e. C( i.are hercondunc.: with that of her nA-
su~:..,..-,, cio. j.ntryman and contemporary, Bou-
Ji v. !.. \:.i L,,iswouldhaveprevailed on him to
rtiiis. h,' rs '. n for a commifion or a govern-
nit i., i L-j,. r i:., "If I could be perihaded to be-
tra, r .-., tf I-.:' a marfhal's flaf, I might betray my
k a. fi'.' a i .! iiuch lefs confequence."
,'.- Irm. I' z ;m rfect if it be rot both active and
..--., ,' s ,,ill i..t enable us tofubdue ouro-wnqaf-
I,., i.a ;ti r:tv --r.-s, as, veil as (,. -. .i us tO bear
I. '.- 'l Il V 'ai, ., .. and refentmeits of others.
!; .-irc V. V. ty to any violent emotion ofanger,
it ,,uiI, jD :i p., be worth %-viie to consider the va-
lii.:- ,i't r .1 ;..i ..ich excites it, and to refled fora
mI tr r r, \. htsl .- the thing we fb ardently defire, er
fIj \. L. utI ct ly rI. : -.t be really of'as much importance





ON TRlUE AND FALSE lEE.NTfl:. 49

t.- n aS tiht dclightiul tranquillity ,fifoul, which we
r,' .'LI. 'I 11 puruit of it. If, on a fair calculation,
we find we arc not likely to get as nmuh as-we are
fure to ol"e, then putting all I-',, *u,. considerations
out of the question, common fepnle and human policy
will tell us, we hav e made a foolfli and unprofitable
exchaiie. Inward quiet is a part of one's felf; the
object ci our resentment may be only a matter o0 opi-
nion; and certainly, what makes a portion of our ac-
tual I .. ought to be too dear to us, to be facri-
ficed for a trifling, foreign, perhaps imaginiary gcod.
The mnolt pointed fttire I remember to have read,
on a mind enflaved P, a ... ', is an observation of Sene-
ca's : Alexander," laid hlie, had two friend',
Clitus and L, '.i .1 ... ; the one he expolcd to a li-
.L on, the Qther to himfe'lf : he who was turned loofe
"i to the beaft escaped ; but Clitus was murdered :
" for he was turned loofe to an angry man."
A palonate womar'sa . . is never in her own
keeping : it is the frport of accident, and the flave of
S. It is in the power.of her .(c '..... ,,:., her
servants, but chiefly of her enemies ; and all her com-
forts lie at the mercy of others. So far from being
willing to learn of him ,l .i s meek and lowly, Ihe
confiders meeknefs as the want of a becoming spirit,
and low lii.efs as a del'fpicable and vulgar meannefs.-
And an imperious woman will ILAirt li covet the orf-
minent of a meek and quiet fpirit, that it is almoll the
onlyornament filhe will not beiblicitousto wear. But
refentimcnt is a very expeufive vice. hlow dearly has
it coft its votaries, even from the fin of Cain, the firft
offender in this kind! It is cheaper fayss a picus
writer) to forgive, and fave the charges."
If it were only for mere human reafons, it would
turu t :j bi.tL1,'' a,, 'rit to be patient: nothing defeats
the malice of an enemy like a fpirit .i ," I, t ..rin, :
the return ot rage for rage cannot be f, t ''ini I, 1pi ,-
yoking. True gentleness, like an ,,l'.i;,ira>. ;;r-
mour, repels the smolt ii.'iitcJ '!' t-r.t in,::CC: II'.:y
cannot pierce Ibt-oia 1i1 i., in'. ulnertCi'. 1i. , butei-





50 ON TRUE AND FALSE IEK'.T.S,

tier fall hurtlefs, to the ground, or return, tojvound
the hand that fhot them.
A meek f11:rit will not look out of itfelf for happi-
nefs, because it finds a constant banquet at home : yet,
by a fort of divine alchymy, it will convert all exter-
ral events to its own profit, and be able to deduce fome
good, even from the moft u :t. '.ip ; r v il ex-
tract (,.-;,-i'rr andfatisfaction 1' (,i Lhc i.,o' .ai i. Y, cir-
cuniflances : It will fuck honey out of the rock,
and oil out of the flinty rock."
out the 'i-, -, rv. excellence of this complacent qWa-
lity is, that it naturally difpofes the mind where itre-
fileg, to the practice of every other that is amiable.-
lI ,..Q may be called the pioneer of all the other
virtues, which levels every obftruftion, and fIniooths
every difficulty that might impede their entrance, or
retard their progrefi.
The peculiar importance and value of this amiable
virtue may be further feen in its permanency. Ho-
nors and dignities are tranfient-beauty and rehcs
frail and fugacious, toa proverb. Would not t 'ri,-
ly wife, therefore, wilh to have fome one I" '.:;. i.- ,
which they might call their own in the fever-eft exi-
gencies But this will can only be accompliffied by
Poqpn'rir- and maintaining that calm and abfolute felf-
Jl! ': ,, which, as ti. world had no hand in giving,
It iz .,:,not, by the niof malicious exertion of its
power, take away.

Thiozght on the cultivation of the heart and temper in the
education of daughters.

I HAVE not the foolilh prefumnption to imagine,
that I cmnr ;.,r', tlAiing new o.. a jubje& which
has been fo ficcefsfully treated by ;.r,. l-.. .-rr '-r1
able writers. I wouldonly, with all oili-.ile d.-i'i r-.. .. ,
beg leave to hazard a few Ihort remarks on that part
of trli ,. .h'1 education, which I would c 1i1 the edu-
. ,: 1 ft. "..,, I am well aware, thatthis part al-
ib has not been lefs Ikilfiully and forcibly difcufled tham





0 N ED U C AT I 0 N., 51

the reft, though I cannot, at the fame time, help re-
:..1il. ig, that it does :oo apptdr tohave been ib much
adopted into common practice.
It appears then, that r.ot x' iri ,ql .1n:,n the great and
real improvements, which have betn madet in the af-
fair of female education, and notwithftanding the
more cilarged and generous views of it, ,vhich pre-
val in the prefent day, there is fill a very material
defe'ft, which itis not, in g.. L r-1, enough the object
of attention to remove. I I., JI. flems to confift
in this, that too little, regard is paid to the dipolition
of the mind ; that the indications of the ti per arc not
properly c h. r,.1 -.i : nor the affections of the heart fuf-
ficiently T, -- U '. ,J.
In the r,: id 3,,c -tu.' of girls, as far as the efiflmni,
which faihion eftablifbes, are right, they Rhould un-
'doubtedly be followed. Let the exterior be made a .
considerable object of attention; but let it not be the
principal, let it not be the only one. Let the graces
be ind:1diiliLj', cultivated ; but let them not be culi-
, z; d at the expense of the virtues.-Let the arms,
-t.t. h.ad, the whole perfon be carefully polifled ; but
let not the heart be the only portion of the human an-
atomy, which fliall be totally overlooked.
The neglecdt of this cultivation TI', ni to proceed
as much from a bad tafte, as from a falfe principal.
The ... il,;Lv of people f,.rm ;ri ir j,..dltni .t of edu-
cation by flEruht ;1d' fudden lp;.r ,i.c- which is t-,-
tainly a wrong way of deti ,,;:, Mufic, dancing,
and languages, gratify rli,.i \fh teach them, by
perceptible and almost immediate effects; and when
there happens to be no imbecility in the pupil, nor de-
ficiencyin the master, every ublcrfircial observer can,
in lU;i1i r.i: ire, LiL! of the progress. The effects
of inifl oR C-, fe r. : i' 1n 0. ... Jdrts I L l r i
1o Lic !,- : rand there are more who can fee and hear,
thrn th:r' are, who can judge and ...;1e .
1'cri:,nal p rfte..-t', is not only- ,,'r. ohi% ,,ui, it is al-
fr n.'.c rapid : and Lven in very., c., T np!ii.d charac-
ters, elegance uui.!!, precedes principle.





,0' E D U C A T IO N.
I uit thc heart, that natural feat of evil propenfities,
tl,At n troTb1efome empire of the palifons, is led
to what is r;ght by flow motions-and ;..: .r '.. .;bie
(: ,_,rres. It muft be admon hed by reproof a nd al-
h.i -d by kdndnefs. Its lively i advances ae freauent-
I, mpedcd by the obffinacy of prsj.dice, a indks i ht-
1il promotes often oblcurcd by the tempers ofpaihoin.
I 13 flow in its acquisition of s rtue, and reluctant in
Sit approaches to piety.
There is another reafon, which proves this mental
c,,l-ivation to be more important, a el as more dif-
h,.'t, il ,.. ,.; art of'educatimon. In the ifial
l'. h,:-,.,a..I.. ;' mren.ts, thle b II'efso f acquiring
'i*i.l:i.' .getino forw ards, and one difi-
.' lt i 1.1 *-, 1'. 1, IC-.efore another is .. to 'how
it!..lf; for a prudent teacher will level the road his
p Pil is to pais, aud finooth the inequalities which
i n, ..ht retard her prnrIs.
dut in murals, .., !. fliould be the great object
c. ftantlv kept in view) the tak isfar more '....It.
'I unruly and turbi.,hnt d:ires of the heart are uot
li. obedicnt; one -will flartup, before a-Iotheris
ii,.prefied. I, ,'.., i. Uercules cannot cut o01 the
I,.. ds fo often .; [i ,.,'* Hydra can produce them,
u.,' fell the stubborn Antaeus, fo faft as he can rcruit
h ihr.ti, and rife invigourous and repeated oppo-'
If all the accomnpliihments could be bcup-ht at the
pr 'e ofa tfigle virtue, jhe purchac would be intinite-
I1 dear! And, however :! .-l it may ibund, I think
i i ..: .. i.lfl, li t, rue, that the labours ofa good
.. i.:.,:.. r, % i., is anxious for her daughter's
J. 1..'I imipotant iaterefls, will feem to be at variance.
S. h 'thoi'e of heriinftru61ors. She wiii, doubtless, re-
e at her r'-cfs in any polite art : but ffie will re-
Se wnith I''mb ui' :--humility and piety form the
I.. .i and dur.ble balis, on which fle rwiflies toraile the
. rf'ture of Phc accomp1lihmtn'ts ; whie the
!M npli~finncnts ihertfelves ai, ii r. fach an
i'..cady nature, that if the., :hiu,.l I ]-1 .. secured,

t. '.





ON ED U C A T I 0 N. 3

in proportion as thc bildJng i en,:rgcd, it will be
o;veCladed and Id _royed by tholc very ornaments
which were intended to cmbelliih what they have con-
tributed to run.
The mno-e Ii qnaliications iioul!':obe carcfil-
ly ryg-ulatd, or theyv ill bc in. dan-er of putt- : t:,)
flt-ht the modeft train of retreati;ig viritucs, \'iich
cainnot CaiLv fubtjit bcfire the bold ee of public o5-
Iervatisn, er bear the bolder totYgue of impud'nt ;.-.d
auJac'ous flattery. A tender imcther cannot but ftl
an honeft triumpioh, in contcmplathng tCo e (cxi>:,.-
cies.in her dauhter whiih dcrc applaule; bn ';e
will at, a l, ddcr at the vanIt v whi ic. tla .,. '"
mnpy excite, and = thuolb hithcrto unkiiowa ..'j ", .
it mav awaken.
The tmaoier, (it is his intercfR, and perhaps his da-
tv,) il naurai:' tleacha girito et her i-. provc-Icnt a
in the moft conh'pcuous point of 1ght. S.tr," -n/or
is the 'rrcat pri.cip!e itdiultriouly i icilcate io
yO:' h'ar, and eiTems to lb confdrcd as a lid as L(
.fun...ei t .0 e in edncatio;n. It i, ho s .vc
th certain and na fiCAoAi '.u no iN a 'i i.l
yet u:borti vanids wdi, 1 ." This dacneri s dc-
ctrine which yet o wit :out its uais) wil be co:;n-
teractecd by the nrndent ;nOi ber" not hn Il rons" v,-orain
but by a watcv aid iicstl'clv porcept!e : xtcrityv.
Sach a ona viii b oe more camrfil to iHvae mtiants ot
hur d-auwhte Cr *'-:,i than e.Akited.
One Wv odd be led to imagine, by t11 cc-non r. i3
v a A NI U (A incio, b\ 01C Cclmi. i
of t:.iai cieduci:lv tha life conlifcd of one uni-
veNra, liholidiav, an-I that the oi0lv coateil was, Nilwho
faiul' be Neft a u'le1 to cxcel in the fPorts and games
that were to be celebrateed on it. Merely oriiamnctal
accornmApllhn--: -s wi'l ut ih-dt:ferently qualify a wo-
Mnau to pct'oral the d'itifs o0 li;c,1 though it is hilghv.
proper Lie *'iiould po s them, i;t order to furoni'h the
af':, i '!e;'!t af- it. BEut is it ri-ht to fi nt 1 i large a
por. ion of life without forme nr.'*"araticna for the b0'i-
necf of living? A lady may fpeak a little French and





54 ON E D U C ACTION.

Italian, repeat a few paffages in a theatrical tone,
play and fing, have her drefri-.r-room hung with her
own drawings, and her perfoibn covered with her own
tambour work, and may, notxi'hl1. <'' I-_.e heen
very badly educated. Yet I am t. i r .... ,, ". to
depreciate the value of thefe q( i,! ti : they are
mIoft of them not only highly becoming, but often in-
Elifpenfibly neceflary ; and avpolite education cannot
be perfected without them. But as the world fecris to
be very well- apprifrd of their importance, there is
the lefs occafioa tointiit ontheirutility. Yet, though
w -ib.l young women flhould learn to dance, fiag,
recite, and draw, the end of a good education is not,
that they may become dancers, fingers, players, or
painters; its real obje t is, to make them good daugh-
ters, good wives, good :-,2..o, good members of
bfociety, and good chriftians. The abovequalifications,
therefore, ai- i Itended to adjrn their leifure, not to
empLy, their lives; for an amiable and wife woman
will always have something better to value herelifon,
than thefe alvantagets, x bhich, however captivating,
are ftill but fubordinate parts of a truly excellent cha-
racer.
But I am afraid parents themselves sometimes con-
tribute to the error of wbich I am comtlaining. Do
they not often tt a higher value on thole acqu fitions
which are calculated to attrazl observation, and catch
the eve of tle multitude, than on thofe which are --
luable, permanent, and internal ? Are they not frome-
times more iblicitous about the opinion of others, re-
fpeeting their children, than about the real advan-
tage and happinefs of the children thenmlelves ? To
.an injudicious and fuperficial eve, the beft educated
girl may make the leafl brilliant figure, as fbe wi1
probably have lefs flippancy in her manner, and les
repartee in her expreflion ; and her acquirenmeits, to
borrow bishop Sprat's idea, w ill be rather enamelled
than embofled. But her merit wiil be known and ac-
knowledged by all who come near U Li..i to difcern,
,vndhave tafle enough to cL't,, ..-. It will be un-





0 N E D U C AT I 0 N-


J.d'rflood and admire. by the man xwhofe happincfs flie
i4 one day to m'-kc. whofe family file is to govern, and
'whofe childrc; c.'- is to educate. He dill not feek for
htier inthe 1i.' -sof dill ..'... ; for he knows he fliall
not find her th-re e; e .it i .1 fAek for her in the hc-
oI'n of rc rent, in the practice of every domeflic
virtue, in the exercise of every amiable accomplilh-
mrient, exerted in the flitde, to enliven retirement, to
I eighteen the endearing pleasures of focial intercourse,
and to embellifli the narrow circle of family delights.
To this amiable purpose, a truly good and well educate.
ed young lady will dedicate the more elegant accom-
Slifimeuts, inflead of exhibiting them to attracL ad-
miration, or deprefs inferiority.
Young firls, xwho have more vivacity than under-
f(anding, will often make a fprightly figure in con-
verfation. But this agreeable talent for entertaining
others, is frequently dangerous to themselves, nor is
it by any means to be desired or encouraged very early
i ilife. This immaturity of wit is helped on by fri
\olous reading, which will produce its effect in much
1.ifs time, than hooks of folid inftruiction: for the ima-
g nation is touched fooner than the .;.,, r i, i'., and
tici&s are more rapid as they are more pernicious.
Conversation should be the .- education, not the
;'u'ecifr of it. It is a golden fruit, xxhen suffered to
crow gradually on the tree ofknowledge ; but if pre-
ipitated by forced and unnatural means, it will in the
end become vapid, in proportion as it is artificial.
The beft ef'e&ts of a careful and religious education
are often very remote: they are to be discovered in
futture fcenes, and exhibited in untried connexions.
Every event of life will be putting the heart into fr'eflh
P'tuations, and making demands on its prudence. its
iirmncfs, its integrity, or its piety. Thofe, whofe
hufinefs it is to form it, can forefee none of thefe fit-,
ations: yet, as far as human wifiom will allow, they
milft enable it to provide for them all, with an hum-
lile dependence on the divine affiflance. A well-dif-
cirlined folder muft learn and pralice all his evolu-





56 0 N E D U C AT I O N.

ton:s, thou',h he deecs not know on what service hL lea-
d ed, nor v, nat mode of combat the e:c,;y 'may ufc.
O(ne ;'eat art of education confiirs in not i-'lerinpg
the i0acig to becometooo acteov no,,, ,N r ana'bk-
< ', nor tec ohttuiL by the \v.aut of" exer't;n;'. Tlhe f r-
ter renic;s thcmb the Turce pf calamity, and ruins
tie tem-r: w 'ilc th; lattcrblu ts and ,.'-aes Ecm,
and -r :c a dai codnd ei i nd WItNi lrit. For 'he
nn: i a i!} vveitwhich, Tfwoond uohblhm-1 l
ve_, i c,' xics, anr d if rc': enou, a isr'a inC'd, v il! a-
bate of i 1's v.Vt'r,'r.'
1 j'v cual is it to e n:!, by nealc& ornnkind-
;s, the .'ccicu3 { b;ii.ty of an open teper, to
Chill tvhe &.nTcablo icw ot an :c.uos i!, ,d to
quen:ch the hbri'ht f-aineofa ;;cblc aod rtv ;P.5s f;.hih :
Theq. arc ,f li:,cr V wor-th tV an all the (ocnun..L;. : Off
l;I'ar".i ; (el" d, a -cr price than a'! 0.0 sad,ln ;,
xv.'-ch can I", derived fror tlt mo; 'ii.d ;;d alt-nci-
tali tod 'K o.:laO'
ELt .'Ibicy and delic-v, a tnd nn :cnus tem-
per iahc no :::t c cducatirn, Fexiai I .;: tA ->
guc--;hVNy .'. rle.!ucb!.; :o no Ci W-- Atlev U*;* U ii. .r
no article t '. ...a 1-`e1. e:t r toia-

S i......... and of inGinitciy more v.luItc,
Than all the'r pedant diCi.rine e'cr k' Cw.
It is true, they are ragedd undr no Oak but tney
are rperi'or to a'!l; they are of monre c- cI mi ian t arn-
,,uaesor muK;c ; forthcy are 1th lI,',-u"e of1Ch,
1d the nrtn:c of the -ccordinr I pa, ern. 'Ycr this fOn-
tiP 'tv !, in many inilances', ib ftar fni'.im ..t..lih-
-'atzd, that it is iotiunco' ionlO to 1') ho w }'o a'eC
inorr than ufiNal 4ao achy, cat a on&le of i.TerciloTs
a i,, t a"v n 10iction o a v,- N _,' o'e:crous, or en-
thut'fic temper in the lively and the you4.00 : as rn-.Lci
as to iay, they WHilL know I nter, and vi 11 have
m Rxorc difcreton, when they ar o eer." But ever,
appearance of amiable fhiplic;'y cr of houeit ;m4d0,





0 N EDUCATION.


Nature's : -, co,,fcience, will be dear to fenfible hearts;
they v."!! carefully cherilh every ftch indication in a
younv female : for they will perceive, that it is this
temper, wii' cultivated, which will one day make
her ei.m;nirei of the lovelinfes of virtue, and the
beauty of hiolinef's ; from which the will acquire a
tafte z'r the doctrines of religion, and a fpirit to per-
form the dues o" it. A id thofe, who wi Ph to make
her ahaied of this charming temper, and feek to
d.j .. '. er of ic, will, it is to be feared, give her
nothing b:tterinexchange. But whoever r r at
all, will eaii!, diIcern how judiciously its redundancies
are to he lopped away.
Prudence is not natural to children; they can,"how-
ever, fubifitute art in its lead. But is it not much bet-
ter, that a girl should discover the faults incident to her
age, than conceal them under this dark and impene-
trable veil? I could almost venture to affiert, that there
is Ibmething more becoming in the very errors of na-
ture, where they are undifguifed, than in the affecta-
tion of virtue itself, where the reality is wanting.
And I am fo far from being an admirer of prodigies,.
that I am extremely apt to fiifpfec them; and am al-
ways infinitely better pleated withnature, in her more
common modes of operation. Tte precife and prema-
ture wifdom, which forne girls have cunning enough
to aflume, is of a more dangerous tendency than any of
their natural failings can be; as it efectualiy covers
thofe fecret bad dilpofitons, which, if they dii'lay-
ed themselves, might be recified. The hypocrily of
atfuming virtues, which are not inherent in the heart,
prevents the growth and dihclofure of thofe real ones,
which it is the great end of education to cultivate.
But if the natural indications of the temper are to
be ftippreffed and flifled, where are the d;agnoftics,
by which the late of the mn'nd is to be known? The
wife author of all things, who did nothing in vain,
doubtlefs intended them as fymptoms, by which ta.
judge of the difeafes cf the cart ; and it is ina-
Fa





58 0 N E D U C A T ION.

rpoqible difea'tcs fho'td be curedl '. :: they are
Lnowxvn. If the {flre'nl he fo cut ( :., pre-.ent
coDn.muPi .thn, or io choakcd.up as to defat di've-
r., hov, vx.'i ve%. ever reaaht.e idurce, on- of i hicji
are the ,i es of lie
This cmuainm which of all tbh di1cre.nt di -oo
glr.s d-cov.er, is imti to -,c drcaded, is increal d by
noi ing fo michi as by fear. If thoic about then Cx-
prei's violent and ,nreaionablc ancer at every trivial
ofence, it wix! t.ivars promote tlhs tcnper, and will
very frcquelntvly create t, .here t1Lcre vas a natural
tendencv to frarnknri. The indl.crect traninorts of
rage, Wvhich mauy betray on every ., a ocmafion, and
the lttle diAitit'on they make between venial errors
and premeditated crimesL, naturally difpofe a ch;id to
conceal, what fle does not however care to fapprefs.
Anger in one will not reed ,'ze faults o[f antecr ;
for how ca n infrunie:-t e I in cure im? If a grl
is .iept ii a CIate of perpetual ai d fiavifi terror, &e
villi, perhaps, have artiiice enough to conceal thole
propefiticls which he knows are wrong, or thof'e ac-
tions wh'ch fil e thinks are na,_ft-obno-i,.ous to puniih-
Teut. ut, neverthe, c il i' f '' not ce.Ale toindulgc
thoi x eproFt i'ii. a"n1A ror.mmi thoie a&ions, wh1
fhe casn d ~it i . ,.i i' .
Good '.j'/'.;; oi 1hed'_lvs, w'I7 t"0 vzu, wa V A, they are confirmI-.d ito gcodpi:'v-
JtI:. An.\ thi canIot be eeIed but a cA
cor'{i o0 rsitsinat ion,i and a p'tiet and ibo-
rio'. ciiivatiot of the rno" a te.er.
3ut, tl''h gs 'noul not be t-rceatd with "'n-
ki.,Idinci,, north iin' ope.1i f thly paf'oans li:t-
ed by c'd Ufchrty ; yet I am of cpi:n, that n u!i
femnales faoid be acc.uftomrel, v'ir early in lIc, to
a certain degree of reiraihs. The natural can cf
character, and the moral dif-'.r -iio-s between the
l 'ees, fMeuld not be i ':,. ,.'. eve in childhood.
That bold, indepyndcent, ertc fp';ig spirit, x' ich
is o much admired in bovs, n-. not, .wben t hap-
pens to dScoTocr itif'ulfi:..heoth." fex, be cncourac !,





ON EDUCATION.


., ;"*', Girls 01oU'd be tau'A.t to give up their
.1 .:,i ad not perti,;io i yii to carry on a
,i rute, eve n ,1 they flould 1Iow Iii .; to be in
the rIght, i do hot mUe- o, that 1he ioiH b robbed
of the tihbrty of private 6ud e;,t, but that they MIou'd
by no :ne! be t to coiarS1 a conenio.
or cont'adlivory turn. it.is of tihe .. imrort-
a';ce to their '.: n.i' iopoinei'i, that they liioId
ac=iva a iWmiiie tempecr, and a ftrbeariiag i
for i: is a I l'oj wn Zi'c the evylU w ill no10 fai io 0 ,
t5;Cam freq.t r;; li l. they come abrad in-
to it ; ai. they xii .,;t u i iie it the wor'le, for liav-
iig learlit it the ,i Thfe a r l-eftraits, i'a
thC !tao:i hCe ln'eiant, arc lo far fi tor being aa
eF.Hit or c.i;e, ta they are the inmoft indubable
IRiiar,}; u: ofa AM,;:!, are t.ie more lmir2riorlo.$s, Rs
t1 ht f ;L."ye J;ftei-leraefs. But a;lO tie bena-
f 1ci' c:'s, n w Ah a mather can expect from this
x t,.tc:i: ', A. ii i ; eQ tire'_y defated, if it is prac-
tii.ed oF:e0 ',v., a-j ot habitually, ai:d if it ever
appears tt be ui, d o g.2 if. caprice, ill-humoiir, or
re{ oe i.;e t. >
hu-f ii-e c ,lreo eduicate, o rt to be
extr :nelv paeo,: it is ided a labour -t Live.
"- h -t:'d re*fi.e., c: .t,: 46trar,;inary taliits aret
neither to the of ociey, nor to
the hcpi::en o;" i j that had. been thi
cale, the je;oeiice..i rather of tlie uniCrt'C Would i]0t
have :n; !2 thm i b ra."e. Fo t-' ts s o eai'v for an Al-
ni'',; C'e i N-t r t rGi;de a ewtAon, cs an ordinaIry
ma ; aid re co:i have inade thofe Ig)ers common
hich w.e o'.v c'nf.der as v. ondrfl, vhout ai-if
mnic-ieusc exertion of hjis o or entce, ia'" the ftiOence
of many Newtons had btv'n reclery to thepc(i'fltion
of hh u. iA and gracious pan.
Srtejy, therefore, there is me're piety, as ve-ll as.
inmoe fenC in labocuring to imi-:- ;ihe talents xvhicr
Children aiCtual'y have, than ii ilaneaing t! at they
do ni t ..' l (upcr;.)t.ia e N, 1.1 c'nits, or n xli
perfecluiwis. A pa';_- of lard E-o 's irjhs a.t





60 ON EDUCATION-
4
admirable incitement for endeavouring '*o carry the
amiable and chritian grace of'charitv o is fart ct
extent, iuftead ofinJunging an over-aa- ous care or
more briilart but L'is important acqu'fitio s. The
" defre of power in excefs ciade the a g -s to fAl ;
"thedelire of kao iedge in excefs caused ina. tofa'l;
" but in charity is no excel's neither can men nor
" angcis come into danger b\ it."
A girl who has docA.ty, will feldom be found to
% ui understanding enough for a!l the purposes of a
focial, a happy, and an useful life. Ai d wien we be-
hold the tender hope of fond and anxious love, blalted
by dilfappoiotmep.t, the defe t will as o'tenJ.'e difcover-
ed to proceed from the neglec- or the error of cu'itiva-
tion, as from the natural temper; and tholie w ho la-
intent the evil, will fometimes be found to have occa-
fioned it.
It is as injudicicss for parents to fet out with to
fanguine a dependcjce on the merit of their children,
as it is for them to be dLceura'ed at every i -
When their xwilbes are deteated in this or that partIcu-
cular inflance, where they liad-treafurcd up fome dar-
Lng expectation, this is tbo far from beiug a reason for
r(la-i.J ; ili ':r attention that it ought to be an addit-k
onal motive for redoubling it: Thofe, who hope to
do a great deal, mut not expec-t to do every thing. If
they know any thing ofthe manntnv of fin, the blind-
nefs of prejudice, or the corruption of the human heart,
they will alfo know, that that heart wMil always re-
main, after the very beft 1-..! i, education, full ofin-
firmity and imperfection. Exrraordi--arv allowances,
therefore, mull be made for the weaknefs of nature
in this its weakelt ftate. After much is done, much
will remain to do, and muct, very much, wilI till be
left undone. For this regulation of the paflious and
affea-ions cannot be the work of education alone,
without the concurrence of divine grace operating on
the heart. \% *. then should parents repine, if their
efforts are not always crowned with inmnediate fuic-
cufs ? They fliould consider, that they are not educat-






O N E D Q.( A 0:- I 6

ing cherubs ani fcraphs, but men and .,. :. -crea-
tures, who at their be-' eftatc ar a;:oither vanty i
how ittle then can L e mexpecd trl them ii tlhq
weaklK-is anIl ibec^It','.,." infancy'! I have dviel oa;
tis part vf.he fiOAIc the' bcdle 11 .m cr-
tain th..- rn>, wi% have i z out ou `hfn a \Warm.p
active zc~i-., iVI'e couGJ"d o0 th1 : vc-z', i.*_-'. dif-ourage-
mle,., and have atrt ards a'ii l ta'dJ remitted
tlir ria la~c. threug-1 a cr iiia'l h:\l d o0d! ;r.
Gceat alio~.i'cev P.-tlt bet madh e i'`, a p*e-ialn of
g aic t, -, lo(' "c i:* a la i, w- n a Jiicr ':tioa i cI 'i -' ,
gai" U2 ,l A-IJI e el la il
t!!3t tr, n Iv beL an(r t eOou." Iifr to *r
ani a -h-.'e aud -' c :J ;:
tat')on o{'.:I,.*v aod ii.'i *,,,vir,?, i- o,o .'r, a.:dti.e rcduad-
anr S i3 coFPe to i" i i.
If i tuc, as a conu im aie judge of human 4
tuMrc ;ii ooicrvcu,

Thliat not a vantvy is iV', i. van

it a alo true, that there is fcarccv, a '.1.2 t
Saich nmav not be t'rlel. to fbli ka ood 9, :cc', f'r
(lent reciL i'-d, and ikiini turne i.t r'ad .r
Icme aeIhbluriig vxrtu-u. I, Cjinnot,.'e vLo!..i .C
or unnatural.v orce, toars an oL.!'t o, a aottia
opj)ofite .at'lrC, ait mta bici 'a u'-5J a i ;ciined towar.;s
a corcei pii-eo t Lat 1u '1c" ..ei.on. A -, ha-
tred, re'nt.e t, and a '. (>r, tile mr.f i'.: aI-
turbuleit t whh Ialt a d:.,d'r. -una
ma.}l, ma be litf to become e t!i,-;(>._ ft a-.!vc o1-t rw rs ,)f
fin, afttr having b.-...n s i ucc':uul ,- iu-ents.
Our ang-er, "or' il'nce, caliih t be ',tallv
u'hdne-, may be'madc to ilicn aIai!t ar'.:lv.s, for
onr weak and in pceAi obcdh. 'lcc--r hatred, = 5:
ever- f'pccies of vice---oar Arva.iitt, .ich at
be difca rded, imav be ea:aolec : it v:7l nt cliail ,'
its name, but its o,;cCt ; it x i3N d 1ff''A what it latc.y
valued, nor be cuntmcted to .ra.fp at lef than imirir-
Tias t ej-. fars hos ., al thpaos
Thu1-s the jays, f ears, hopes, dc.fires-, all thr- pdflias





S AFRO E D U f T I Q N.

,iiof .ti-ronoP, %'. hl i separate in various currents from:
the foul, will, if directed into their proper channel! ,
after having fertilifed wherever they have flowed, r,-
turn again to fwell and enrich the parent force.
That thevery paffions which appear the moft un-
controulable and unpromifing may be intended, in t;
great fcheme of Providence, to anfwer fome impor. -
ant purpofe, i-' remarkably evidenced in the chara&'. r
and history offaint Paul. A remak on this f{bjecl b1
an ingenious old Spanifh writer, which I will heic
t.,, tI. liberty to tranflate, will better illuftrate n p
n wI -/.w
To convert the bittereft enemy into tlk mofl zei -
" lous advocate, is the work of God for the inftlrn'.ii -
" on of man. Plutarch has obferved, that the medic l
" foience would be brought t the utmoft perfection,
" when poifon should be converted into phyfic. Thu',
" in the mortal difeafe of Juda;fm and idolatry, our
" bleffed Lord convsted the adder's venom of Saul thI
" perfecutor, into that cement which made Paul the
" the chofen veiTel. That manly a.eivity, that reftle I'
44 ardor, that' ,ri*, .[ zeal for the !aw of his father.,
"1 that ardent .li ;..:- the bloodof chriftians, did ti e
" Soofi God find neceffary in the man who was o;,t
" day to become the defender of his fuflering people- '
To win the paflions, therefore, over to the caufe ,, I
virtue, anfwers a much nobler end than their extin; i --
on would poflibly do, even if that could be efY'eC.I.
But it is their nature never to obfcrve a neutralit ;
they are either rebels or auxiliaries : and an euei .
fubdued is an ally obtained. If I may be allowed
change the allufion fo foon, I would lay, that the pz .'
fions alfo refeimble fires, which are friendly and beni. -
ficial when under proper direction ; but if fufe'cred i
blaze without reftraint, they carry devastation alor,.
withthem, and, if totally C ,1ti.L 1L: 1, leave the b,-
nighted minl in a fate of cold an'l comiortleis inanit\
But in ipc..ikin of the ufefulnefs of the paflions, as j

Obrasde Queveda, vida de San Pablo ApOftoL




*-.-^ "ALI. k
10 N R E I 0

;nflrument of Wjrtue, enwy and P;j v ot. aInay. be
excepted : thele, I am perfuaded, imul either go on
i ftill progreflive minhie, or die be i' A,.JA\ cur-
e.cd before auy good caa be expe cted from the Vart
risch has been ine&ed with them. For I never %[I
believee that envy, though paffed through .il tl1L mural
ftra hcrs, can be refined into a virtuous t ii,.A .itnri, or
jyig mpro.ed into an agreeable turn for innocent in-
e:iito-. Almost all the other paffions may be made
to take an amiable hue: but thefe two muft either be
totally xtirpated, or be always contented to prelcrve
thc;r original deformity, and to wxear their i, .
black. 0

On the Importance of Religion to the Female Chara(ler.

T fABPIOUS are the reafons why the greater part of
Mankind cannot apply themfielves to arts or let-
t(rs. Particular studiess are only aitecd to the capaci-
ties of particular peribns. Some are incapable of ap-
plying to them from the delicacy of their fcx ; lome
froan thle unucadinefs of youth; and others f-om the
jimbecility of ae. Many are precluded by the nar-
roi,. I.fs of t.'er education, and many by t-, l;i .i.. f
-of iheir tfcr.unei. The wiifdomn of God is % ,. .'..t *..
maizi.'efted in this happv and well ordered diversity,
iL the powers and proven *-t of his creatures; flice by
thus adiniribly liuitig t'.e agent to the acdioni, the
x\vhle 1c home of humau -L.'irs is carried on \ ith the
inolt agrec ng and c1.-'`tc-.;t econotimy, aid no ciafm
isleit for the wait o,' an obje& to ,:1 it, exac ly fuited
to its nature.
But in the great and univerfal concerns of rili":mon,
,both fexes, and all ranks, are equallT inierct-ih.
TL'e ,ruiv catolic fririt of ChrifiUanity aco rmooi.es
it. i., ;t% n ailo iffling con.dci'ce.t'o-]. to the c.r-
cuiat.. : i.o1 the Iwhole human race. It rejects none
o.,Mu.t of their pccunart v;. im.-.r pe.m (onal
.4..atli.it's, ,r their intelli ua dclicinces. No fu-
Z..aV. parts is the leal recommendation, nor is





64 Fs'- 1 0v


(L. i.o -.
any '" . tune the f naHef '. ,.n. ';- -
atO t -.., ,- io ie Lxc 'ned fro penyi .: I ..-.,
"of r1cligiwon n.."r are any :oo poer to i ....... I i.u
,th~e*!:n: ::. o^Lt( :s oi its p:-oni.tic'; i
T" ,..' .'. the w i~i'o'm wCFGo,], i f ,lh-.
ii. i, i -.' Ti:!'-soi hnte~ll'fe ce, f,. . ;. *. I
to thc5;dicre~td i and *i I "
TVy part ci li's ll'. 'iicAous .scr], -
owvn l.n ,eB l Furpotw, bAt alib to ; .-

;ui lit" v, c t;> auore t'l-at ;"x s ", ':' ..,1
"a|G Civh ".c ...... :}? a roinC: :g o:e q '. ", *.--
T --,;:v riki means ot hI! va: ..... ,
x.,lkh: Al ame ho Acdt to parahc--,ly .A, '
arc c apa. -e of u lg-..- which nothin.. .r,
ii 'ic, a cn p*evcnt car icormpr ich _, I *a 'I' -.
bt t.v1'. cror caa hindcruxs fl'o:n ci
The inu se are coy, and iii s; i l. (.!
vro [v Lb ne higilv fi vrAcd lB.r -"
are lif'yI, and x Ail not ftop- to tie r .
capacimis. Eut v. ituotn (by hi.ich -
', t r mans piety) is a lc-in- fprit : ... ,;
of t'ti that love W r. it, d f. o -'n o
SOnr." PAy, he is IA acciieibie Z2 ,


" that Phc preventeth th-em that de ..
"' helefricql'f lknovi n unto tl'-era."'
W r"ie told by the iAme ainia- i
Sv ifiom Is the breath octLe i;ov, ct
i'naiy iiSprior, in girandeur ad .
as dclctcribed by their t s and n n
Xc.ltted tLains of the H cbrew v oet:
i v'isildn is the orifhti:,is Uf the .*
'' the onf';:'ttcd r ir o he ,ocr _
S: .iy c-fl:-s ',:-,c ::i
"I :: .he :i,.~a apsore., of 7- Qe
cb'IM tLat k; ',*, dge ha'.s l-:neh f
.i-.li,'ity in it, t,,. : ak r v, '.:: ic
r b wc' it wa that is: d A-c i0:i. ':
IM, by -L ng k aSit he attte i zrcdC....


r. t L "I.[
!





..1'
I I 'I



e '[,i 1





O R i-G I O N. 65

ledge p,,f.:' .., ." .r.if,, r P rhap-, it is the
vaniity oi lia ... m i. ,! I. '. rl.s iorrea-
ing principle, which has made fo many infidels. It
may proceed frcm in c :rr.--:- ,fa feilf fufficitnt
pride, that fomue -, .'i . i .' t.. f . ... I -.
their beliefin a B ,.:.._, ..1. i, t:. i 1i i, | .,|ic [>xtii, -
ceal from them ilt ,','i 11- l i ... i .. ;
who (to borrow the lofty language of the man ofUz)
refufed to confult them when lie laid the foundations
of the earth, when he flihut up the fea with doors, and
made the clouds the garment thereof.
A man muft be an infidel either from pri, p ,i-
dice, or bad education : he cannot be one tir., L; ,r'-,
or by furprife ; for infidelity is not occafioned byfliddcn
impulfe or violent temptation. He may be hurried by
foine vehement desire into an immoral action, at which
he will blufli in his cooler moments, and which lihe
will lament, as the fad effed of a fpirit unfubdued by
religion: but ,ink hiry is a cahl, confiderate actl,
whichh cannot plead the v. t.,krit-i', of the heart, or the
feduclion of the feafes. Even good mea frequently
fail in their duty through the infirmities of nature and
the allurements of the world ; but the infidel errs on a
plan, on a fettled and deliberate principle.
But though the minds of men are fometinies fatally
infected with this difeafe, either through unhappy pre-
p.. ." -.ii orfome of the other caufcs above mentioned:
yet I am unwilling to believe, that there is in nature
fo monaftroufly incongruous a being, as a female infidel.
The leaft reflection on the temper, the character, and
the education of women, makes the mind revolt with
horror from an idea fo improbable and fo unnatural.
- May I be allowed to obferve, tlIat, in general, the
minds of girls feem more aptly prepared, in their early
youth, for the reception of ferious impreflions, than
thofe of the other fex, and that their lefs < i poled fitu-
ations, in more advanced life, qualify, lih.n i-tter for
the prefervation of them? The d( iiL*ItLcof good
parents I mean) are often more carettlly intru(tedin
G





46 O0 RE L"'6 I 0O N.

,]. -ir rlu "'riv_ duties than the fons, and thisfroim a va-
i, i)cliuilt Thetare not fofoon feet from under
the parental eye into the butfle of'the world, orfo ear-
ly exposed to the contagion of bad example: their
liharrt re naturally more flexible, foft, and liable to
ar,-1 kind nr. :,['.r(f oi the forming hand may flamp on
them; a n,- I 1 they do not receive thile fa me claf-
fical education with boys, their feeble minds are not
obliged at once to receive and fieparate the precepts of
chriftianity and the documents of pagan philofuphy.-
The: -. :"." v of doing this perhaps iomexwhat weakens
the serious impreffins of ... men, at left till the
Ln, rid ik g' is formed, and confufes their ideas of
piety, by mixing them with fo much heterogeneous
'matter. They only cafnally read, or hear read, the
.cripture- cf truth, while they are obliged to learn by
hL. r1, Li-. '. i,,, and r, pe.t the poetical fables of the
lefs than humrnan gods of the ancients. And as the ex-
cellent author of T,2e internal evidence of the chrillian re-
ligicn observes, ",Nothing has ibo much contributed to
1 Corrupt the true fpirit ofthechriftianii' ir.;, i. .,, as
"' that partiality w which we contract, in our earlieft
L education, for the manners of pagan antiquity."
Girls, therefore, who do net contraC this early par-
tality, ought to have a clearer notion of their religi-
ous duties ; they are not obliged, at an age when the
judgment is fo weak, to c..i'. .ul:'!i between thile doc-
trines ofZenot of Epicurus, and of Chrift ; and to em-
barrafs their minds x-ith the various morals which
were taught in the perch, in the academy, and on the
27a4,nt.
It is presumed, that thefe remarks car.not peflibly
he fo mifunderftood, as to be construed into the leaft
difrefpeFd to literature, or a want of the highest re-
c rer.c, foar 1 .ined education, the bafis ofallele-
',.' a lli ,.-< : they are only intended, with all
r.-pe r1 j dC C to point out to young women, that,
Iho%\%tr 16eri >r their advantages of acquiring a
lrw-.% :eJ.Ye ofthe belles-lettres are to thofe of the o-
thlrfex; yet it dependson themselves not tobe fur-





ON RELIGION.


paffed in this mnoft important of all ftudies, for which
their abilities are equal, and their opportunities, per-
haps, greater.
But the mere exemption from infidelity is fo fall
a part of the religious (th.ir.,ier, that I hope no one
will attempt to claim any merit from this negative
fort of goodnefs, or value herfelf merely for not be-
irg the very worft thing lhe poffibly can be. Let no
.in.Al:i, girl fancy Ihe gives a proof of her wit by
her want of piety, or that a contempt of things- fe-
rious and facred will exalt her underfilanding, er
raife her character, even in the opinioik of the molft
avowed male infidels. For one may venture to af-
firm, that with all their profligate ideas both of wo-
men and of religion, neither 1".in; ',r..;.', Warton,
, Uil.i..:,m, nor even lord f.ic:' .. :.' f, -would
have etffeemcd a woman the more for her being irre-
lir.ior.;.
i'th whatever ridicule a polite free-tbinker may
;rffekl to treat religion himself, hlie will think it nIe-
ceffarv his wife should entertain different notions of
it. Hle may pretend to defpifei it as a matter of opini-
on depending on creeds and fyftcms ; but, if he is
man of fenfe, he will know the value of it, as a go-
verning principle, which is to influence her condu'a
and direct her :Ji:io'i.. If he fees her unaffeclediy
fic ire in the pratice of her religious duties, it will
be a secret pledge to him, that lfhe .It be equally
exact in fulfilling the conjugal; for he can have no rea-
fonable dependence on her attachment to him, if he
has no opinion of her fidelity to GOD ; for Ihe who
pegle&ts firfl duties, gives but an indifferent proof of
ber difpofition to fill up inferior ones ; and how can
a man of any understanding (whatever his own re-
ligioi,. profeffions may be) truft that oni.-n .b .I el
care of his family, and the education .tlof j- ,i1, 1,
who wantsherfelfthe beft incentive iBteui1s Li'is ,
the beliet, that fhe is an accountable c refe, a ad i b
refiecion that fle has an. immortal fuid A






62 ON RELIGION.

Cicero fpoke it as the higher commendation of
Cato's character, that he embraced philolbophv, not
for the fake ofdifjuting like a philolbpher, but of tini!g
like one. The chief purpofe of chriftian knowledge
is to promote the great end of a chriftian life. Every
rational woman ihfould, no doubt, be able to give a
reafon of the hope that is in her ; but this knowledge
is befl acquired, and the duties confequent on it belt
performed, by reading books of plain piety and pradi-
cal devotion, and not by entering into theendklfs feuds,
and c .l i.;.. in the unprofitable contentions, of par-
tial controvcrfialifls. Nothing is irore unamiable
than the narrow spirit of party zeal, nor r-. .i .L -.
ing than to hear a woman deal out judgmencts, and
denounce vengeance againft: any one, who happens to
difl'er from her in fome op"n.i;.. h, -' F no real im-
portance, andwhich, it is o"r .'.i.., 11. n, be juft as
wrong in rcjcting, as the objet of her cc.ure is in
embracing. A furious and unmerciful female bigot,
wanders as far beyond the limits prescribed to her Iex,
as a Thaleftris or a Joan d'Arc. Violent debate has
made as few converts as the I\onrd, .and both thefe
instruments are particularly unbecoming, when wield-
ed by a female hand.
But though no one will be frightened out of their o-
pinions, yet they may be persuaded out of them ; they
may be touched by the aieCting earneftnefs of serious
conversation; and lured byv the attractive beauty of a
conliftently serious life. And while a young woman
ought to dread the name of a wrangling polemic, it
is her duty to afpire after the honourable character
of a fincere chriftian. But this dignified characAer
flie can by no means deferve, if lie is ever afraid to a-
vow her principles, or afliamed to defend them. A
fd%. T4,1L, %>.i., makes it a point to ridicule every thin(r
%. hIi.i roi-'t ; u iler the appearance of formal infiruc-
ii, -i. %-ill1M di.,.i;,.. ir. 1 at the i'pirited, yet modeft
r( 1,k o.;"a pir, young woman. But there is as much
t HiiL a 1 -1-,1[I. intuner of reproving profanenefs, as ia
tht; .r. 11'f ihe corrects it with morofenefs, the





0 N RE L I G I 0 N.


defeats the c ti' of lihr remncd,, byherunkilful niu-
her of adininiftering .t. If, ,,i the other hand, flie
affefs to defend the r'iiiultd caal.i of God, in a faint
tone o? voice, and Itbadied ambiguity of phrafe, or with
an air of levity, and a certain expreflioi of pleafure
in here e', which proves flie is fecretly delighted with
what lhe r '.,. to cenlfure,.ihe injures religion much
more than he did, who publicly profaned it ; for ihe
plainly indicates, that file either does not believe or
does not refpefl, what 1he proeflAes. Thel other at-
t ,. ,... i open foe: flie betra;s it as a falfe friend.
No one pays any r, I r.l to the opinion of an avow.d
enemy, but the detection or treachery of a profeffed
friend, is dangerous indeed !
It is a trh-aige notion, which prevails in the world,
that religion only ',I.I.-i, to the old and the milan-
eholy, and that it is not worth while to pay ithe -i
attention to it, while we are capable of attending to
ai/ thin.-I'tih:-. They allow it to be proper enough
for the cle-,-, whof bufines.it is, and for the aged,
whohay j i[ r ri :,"e ainy bufinefs at all. But till
they can prove, thatnone except the clergy and , I
die, it mull be courf:lK i that s is mof. wretched rea-
tbning.
Gr at injury is done to the interest of religion, by
placing it in_ a. gloomy and unamtnba..- 1,- : ,. It is
farnetImes fpoken of, as if it would a.;,,j make a
handfonme woman ugl/, or a young oq wrinkled.
Bnit can any t',, 1. ; nmore absurd, than-to represent
thebeautty of iiohlnefs as the fiource of deformity ?
Thur. ir.' fo. p.-rhip., i'' :'.tr' ,'p...i- i in bu-
.finefs, or" ajiiijri :d III ;",.c, _i i t to intend, at
fome *'o:ii "C '.., i !>. L'. t I religious life in good
earneft. But then they confiderit as-a kind of d rnier
r.' i.d ;h1iJ,:: it prudent tod. i-'t.' i': to this dif-
a..;rl.i' f,: -.,ge,. till' they have '.. r.-i h I', fo. any
r.,' l: il'. D they forget, ,., :,. Iir-wmrth t
ib 1. requires all !: r.'. ,I : oi thi..r '. I ,
aail aiLths-'i "g.- F.', I , u *,, .. i.,'... ca .p,^ . : ",.
G : I. t





70. ON GENIUS, &c.

confirm this affection, they may obferve how m.7 h i ib,
flightefit indifl)pofition, even in the moft active ....
of life, diolbrders every faculty, and difilualifies rt!.Lit
for attending to the moft ordinary affairs; and L', 'i
let them reflect, how little able they will be to trini-
act the moft important of all bufinefs, in the -',.mO oi
of excruciating pain, or in the day of 1Imu ila 11 dii-
lity.
When the fenfes are palled with exceffive gra t fihi r-
tion-when the eye is tired with K ..., and tl't .i
with hearing-when the Ipirits are bl unk, tt,.ir ihe
-raJshopperis become a burden-how fall the Uhiird
apprehenfion be capableof iunderfianfnga ne\v fc i, C-.',
orthe worn-out heart be able to relish a new plie lijir', ?
To put offreligion fill we have loft all talk 6-r
amufrment-to refuse liftening to the 11 voice ot ie
charmer," till our enfeebled organs can no 1.h,, r
liflen to the voice of singing men and fingit.' .,-
men,"-and not to devote our days to teavt .m, 111
we have no pleafure in them" ourselves, is i.ur _i
ungracious offering. And it is a wretched facr. tit 0
the God of heaven, to present him with the rei'.,I ,.,>
of decayed appetites, and the leavingsof exti:.._uili-
cd paffions.

Allifcelaneous Ci/trvations on Genius, Tafie, .
6,fe c. & '

G OOD fenft is as different fromgenius, as pt 1-c p-
tion is from invention ; yet, though diftin.i q, a-
lities, they frequently fuhbfift together. It is .[.],e-
ther opposite to wit, but by no means iconfiflen i 1,

:* The author ,egs leave to offer an apology for i,:r V.. C-
ing. this ... ', vkhichjhe fears, maybe thought fi,".
.er pnurpofe. But fie hapes that her earned] deirc .; -
citing a tafieftr literature in young ladies, (which ..1
aged her to hazard the filloring remarks) will n 1 .
: S i '. *i 1.6 n general defign, even, if it does not,..,,:'..
U.';M U T F. it..





.ON G E N I U S, &c. 7I

it. It is not fcience ; for there is fuch a thimg as un-
lettered good fent ; yet, though it is aeithtr wit,.
learning, nor genius, it is a fhbttitute for tach, w here
they do not exit, and the t'.r..-iioi of all, where
they do.
Good fenfe is fo far from deferving the appellation
of cozmrniJenfe, by which it is frequently called, that
it is perhaps one of the rareft qualities of the human
mind. If, indeed. I ii, name is given it in rleeq-p to
its peculiar fuitablenefs to the ptrpofes ot k.:oii7ni:1
life, ti. .-. great propriety in it. Good fenfe ap-
pears to differ from talte in this, that tafie is an inftan-
taneous dL' ii'' of the mind, a fudden relifh of what
isbeautiful, or difguft at what is defective, in an ob-
jecl, without waiting for the flower confirmation of
the judgment. Good infie is perhaps, that confirma-
tion, which eftablif.hes a Id.denly conceived idea, or
feeling, by the powers of comparing and reflecting.
They differ al'o in this, that tafte feenis to have a more
immediate reference to arts, to literature, and to almoeft
every objet of the fenfes ; % '.i1J 1_,:,] fIife riles to,
moral excellence., and exerts i. i hu I...- on life and
manners. Tafte is fitted to the perception and en-
joi'ment of w whatever is beautiful in art or nature: good
le ife, to the improvement of the condua, and the ra-
gulation of the heart.
Yet the term, good fenfe, is ufed i :.Ari;.i,.t'y
to exprefls either a 'n,-,,d talfte for letters, or an in-
variable prudence in the affairs of life. It is fome-
times applied to the moft moderate abilities, in which,
cafe the expreffion is certainly too strong; and at
others to the moft fhining, whetfkit is as much too
weak and inadequate. A fenfible man is the uiffual,
but IiiPr'i 1 praife, for every degree in the fcale
of- uk.il ad *:', from the fober mortal, whoobtains
it by his decent demeanor and folid dulnefs, to lhiim
xvhofe talents qualify him to rank. with a- Bcao:i, a
Harris, or a Johnfon.
Genius is the power of invention and iT,;i[ h',fn.-
Uis an incommunicable faculty : no art or i[Kill ul'L_.





7 O N G E NIUS, U &"c.

pofeff'or can befhtw the finallefti portion of it on aAd-
thicr: no paios or labour can reach the iummit of per-
fc&ion, where the feeds of it are wanting hi the mind:
yet it is capable of infinite improvement where it ac-
tually exists, and is attended with the highest capacity
.of communicating inftIruction as well as dehght to
others.
It is thie peculiar property of genius to flrike out
reat or beautiful things: it th the felicity of good
enfe r,,x to do abfurd ones. Genius breaks out in
splendidd fentiments ar.d elevated ideas :4 good fenfe
confines its more circumscribed, but perhaps more
ufeful walk, within the limits of prudence and pro-
priety.

The poet's eye in afine frenzy rolli:'.-,
Doth glance from heav'n to earth, firom earth to
heav'n ;
And, as imagination bodies forth,
The forms of things unknown, the poet's pen.
Turns t, nl "TI { Ihape, and gives to airy nothing
A local habitation and a name.

This is, perhaps, the fineff picure of human geni-
us that ever was drawn by a huniman pencil. It presents
a lively image of a.creative imagination, or a power
of inventing things which have no actual exiftence.
With l7pcrficial judges, who, it muft be confeflid,.
make up the greater part of the:mafs of mankind, ta-
lents arc only. liked or underflood-to a certain degree.
Lofty ideas are above the reach of ordinary apprehen-
fions: the %il0 ir -ill..-.. thofb who poffefs thei-._ to be
in a somewhat higher fate of mind than themselves ;
.but of the vaft gulph which separates them they have
not the leaf conception. They acknowledge a fuiperi-
Ority ; but of its extent they neither know the value,
n -r can they conceive the reality. Itistrue, the mind,
as well as the eve, can take in objects larger than it-
felf; but this is only true of great minds : for a mean
orfj.\ t dirc;[y, wh-o considers a confummte geras,






0'N G GENIUS, &c. 73

refembles one, w ho feing a column for the firft time,
and i....! -at too great a dif[ance to take in the
whole of it, concludes it to be flat ; or like one unac-
uainted with the firft principles o'philolbphy, who,
nding the i,' t : h1 or -. :,pt i'. a plane furface,
can form no idea of the Ii -., .1 i .min of the whole,
which he does not fee, and laughs at the account of
antipodes, which he cannot comprehend.
WVhatever is *.. I' .. is alfo rare ; whit is ufeful
is more common. How many thousands at.- born
qoj -,I for the courfe employment of life, for one
'who is capable of excelling in the fine arts; yet (it
ought to be ; becauf; our natural wants are more nu-
nI'l. r and more importunate, than theintetleclual.
Whenever it happens that man of ,!'i,.L : i,. ta-
lents has been drawn by mistake, or precipitated by
paffion, into any dangerous in..! !' r, [,'.. ; it is com-
mon for thofe, whole coldnefs of temper bas. fhpplied
the place, and ufurped the name of prudence, to baaq
of their own fleadier virtue, and triumph in the:i own
superior caution ; ,only becaufe they have never been
aflsiled by a temptation ilrong enough to fnrprif. them
into error. And with what a visible appropriation wf
the character to themselves, do they constantly con-
clude, with a cordial compliment to commonfnf e !-
They point out the beauty and ufefulnels of this quali-
ty fo forcibly and explicitly, that you cannot poffibly
mimfake whofe picture they arec drawing wvith fo flat-
tering a pencil. The unhappy man, whofe conduct
has been foC". -.rraignerl, perhaps acted from
g..'.l, tVi.i.'..*' .*, motives-at leaf, from mo-
tives of winch his ceniurer has not capacity to i' ;
but the event N as unfavorable, nay the a&ion might
be really wrong, and the vulgar malicioufviy take the
opportunity of this fingie indif4retion, to lift them-
felves nearer on a level with a character, which, ex-
cept in this inftance, has always thrown them at the
mofl: difgraceful -..* i'..,i iu. distance.
The elegant bi io;i ii, r r f Collins, in his ,!K' ;
au..' for that unfortunate genius, remarks, that






74 ON G E NIUS, &c.

'"the gifts of imagination bring the heaviest tafk oB
the vigilance of reafon ; and to bear thofe r.iul r.u
With unerring reCtitude or invariable propriety,
Requires a degree of iirmnefs, and of cool attention,
whichdoes not always attend the higher gifts of the
mind: vet difficult as nature herfelffcems to have
rendered the talk of regularity to genius, it is the
" supreme confolation of dnlnefs, and of folly, to
p .E with Gothic triumph to thofe exceifes which
are the e it. .. of faculties they never en-
joved."
What the greater part of the world mean by com-
mon fenfe, will be generally found, on a clofer enqui-
ry, to be art, fraud, or felfifhnefs ; that fort of fav-
ing prudence which makes men extremely attentive
to their own fafetv, or profit-diligent in the pursuit
of their own pleafures or interefts-and perfectly at
their eafe as to what becomes of the reft of mankind.
Furious, where their own property is concerned, phi-
lcfbphers when nothing but the good of others is at
flake, and perfectly refigned under all calamities but
their own.
When we fee fo many accompliflied wvits of the pre-
fent age, as remarkable for the decorum of their lives,
as for the brilliancy of their writings, wve may believe,
that next to principle, it is owing to their godff which regulates and chaffifes their imaginations. The
vafl conceptions which enable a true genius to afcend
the fnblimefl heights, may be fo conne&ed with the
ftronger pafions, as to give it a natural tendency to
fly oil From, tij .,1 rdaI l" i, F regularity; till good fenfe,
acting on the fancy, makes it gravitate powerfully to-
wards that virtue whiclh is its proper centre.
Add to this, when it is considered with what im-
perfection the divine wifdom has thought lit to ftamp
S every thing human, it will be found, that excellence
and infirmity are lb infeparably wound up in each
other, that a man derives the forenefs of temper, and
irr tibd.r% of nerve, which makes him uneafy to
el hi rs, and unhappy in himsfei, from thofe exquifite





ON GENIUS, &c, 7,1

feelings, and that elevated pitch orFtlo_,i.h, by which,
as the apoltle exprefres it on a more lenous occasion,
he is, as it were, out of the body.
It is not JI-;-.II.._, therefore, when the fpirit is
carried away by the magnificence of itsown ideas,

Not touch'd, but rapt-not weakened, but infpir'd,

that the frail body, which is the natural victim of
pain, difeafe, and death, should not always be able
to follow the mind in its afpiring flights, but should be
as imperfect as if it belonged onr.ly to an ordinary
foul.
i f..1.-*:, might not providence intend to humble
human pride', by prefentingto our eyes fo i ClriT n,
a view of the weaknefs and infirmity of even his bell
work? Perhaps man, 1,,,n iladybuta little lower
than the angles, might, like therevolted fpirits, to-
tally have flmken offt' obedience and fubmifion to his
Creator, had not God wifely tempered human excel-
le-.ce with a certain confcionfnefs of its own imper-
fe'tion. But though this ine vitable-alloy of weakniefs
may f. -qu.. .0, be found in the b{ft charaSters, yet
lhow can that be the iburce of triumph and exaltation
to any, which, if properly weighed, mufl be the
deepeft motive of humiliation to all! A good-natured
man will be i> far from r., i,_., that hlie will be
fecretly troubled, whenever he reads that the great-
eftd Roman moralift was stained with avarice, and the
greatest Britiih pih ..' r with venality.
It is remarked by Pope, in his efiay on criticism,
that,

Ten cenrure .r!:, for one that writes amifs.

But I apprehend it does not therefore follow, that to
judge is more difficult than to write. If this were the
:a fe, the critic would be fuperior to the poet, whereas
it appears tobe directly the contrary. The critics,'
(iaysthege...: ,..z o of Shakefpeare) but fa-





76 ON- GENIUS, 6&r.

l hions the body of a work; the poet muft add the
SIbul, which gives force and directiion to its adcions
and .'. It fnould eiem, that the realbn
xxl'v fo many more judge xwroing, rt'an write ill, is be-
catle the number of readers is beyond all proportion,
greater than the numberr of writers. Every man that
reads is, in fbmin i mcaiure, a critic, and, with very
common abilities, may point out real faults and mate-
rial errors in a very well written book: but it by no
mte ans follows, that be is.able tu write any thing com-
parable to the work which he is capable of cenluring.
And unless the nusxbers of thofe who write andofthole
who Jnudge were more equal, the calculation feems not
to bc quite fair.
A capacity for relishing works of genius is the indu-
bitable fign of a good tafte. But if a proper difpofi-
tion and ability to enjoy the compositions of others,
entitle a mpan to the claim of reputation, it is fill a far
inferior degree of merit to his who can invent and pro-
duce thofe compofitions, the bare difiquifition of which
gives the critic no tfiall Ihare of famre.
The prefident of the rox al academy, in his admira-
ble diftoUJe on imitation, has let the folly of depend-
ing on unaflifted genius, in the ch'zret l'giAt; and
has flown the necefllity of addig the knowkdge ofo-
thers, to our ownnative powers, in his ufual ItrikTng
and masterly manner. The mind," lays he, ,1 a bar-
ren foil-is a foil foon exhauftcd, and will produce
no crop, or only one, unlels it be continually fer-
tilized, and enriched xvith foreign matter."'
Yet it has been objected, that fludy is a great enemy
to originality; but Cvenaif this were true, it would
perhaps be as well that author floun!d give us the ideas
of flill better wtiters, mi-edand aflimilated with the
matter in his own mi:iJ, as thofe crude and undigeft-
ed thoughts, which he values under the notion that
they are original. The fweetefl honey neither taftes
S of the roe, the honey-fuckle, nor the carnation; yet
i- iis compounded of the very science of them all.






0 N G E N I U S, &s. 77

If, in t!;e other fine arts, this accumulation of know-
ledge is neceifary, it is .li ,'.!..F fo in poetry. It
is a atal railineiS for any one to tiuft too much to his
own flockof ideas. He muff invigoorate them by ex-
ercile, polii them by conversation, and incireafe then
by every fpecies of elegant and virtuous know ledge,
and the mind will not fail to reproduce, with intcrer1,
thofe feeds, which are ifown in it by ftudy and obicrva-
tion. Above all, let every oae guard agair!f the dan-
gerous opinion, that he knows enough: an opinion
that will weaken the energy and reduce the powers
of the mind, which, though once perhaps vigorous
and effectual, will be funk to a flate of literary imbe-
cility, by cherishing vain and prefumptuous ideas ol
his own independence.
For instance, it may not be -...'l ; that a poet
should be deeply killed in the Linnaean fyftem ; but it
mulft be allowed, that a general acquaintance with
plants and flowers willfurnilh him with a delightful and
profitable fpecies ofinftrution. He is not obliged totrace
nature in all her nice and varied operations, with the
minute accuracy of a Boyle, or the laborious invefli-
gation of a Newton ; but his goadjenfe will point out
to him, that no inconfiderable portion of philosophical
knowledge isr. ., .. to the completion of his litera-
ry character. Thefciences are moreindependent, and
require little or0oaffiftance from the graces of poetry ;
but poetry, if fie would charm and inftruof, mufltnot
be fo haughty ; file muft be contented to borrow of
the sciences, many of her choiceft allu~ons, and ma-
ny of her mofl graceful embelliflments ; and doesit
not magnify the character ot true poefy, that ihe ill-
eludes within herself all the flattered graces of every
separate art ?
The rnles of the great masters in criticilm may not
be fo neceflary to the forming a good tafte, as the ex-
amination of thofe original mines from whence they
drew their treafires of knowledge.
The three celebrated effays on the art of ioetry do
SH





7& ON G E N I U S, &e.

not tezh fo much by their laws as by their examples;
the dead letter of their rules is lefs ', yIL%,,ve than
tIhe living fpirit of their verfe. Yet tiefe iules are to
a vcung rpoet -, a',t the ludy of logn ,,iins is to a
Si ._ maheiematician; they do not bto ruch contri-
It te to form his judg-inert, as a <'i .. him the fatisfac-
tion of co'nvihci'g him that he is right. They do not
preclude the diifculty of the operation ; but at the con-
cluflo:lof it, fiurnilh him with a fuller demorfiration
that he has prcccdetd on proper principles. Vhen he
has well iludtd the mnaifcrs in v>bhofe schools the firft
critics formned therf1iclves, aid fancies hi hhas caught
a Fpairk ofiheir divine flame, it may he a gocd mnethiod
to try his owvn coupofitin.s by the tel't of thie critic
rules, fo far, ;,.1., the rechaniifim cf poetry
goes. Ifthe e ..av, -. i be fair and car-did, thistri
al, like the touch of Ithuriel's fear, w ill detct every
latent error, and bring to light every favourite fail-
ing.
Good tafte always fits the mcafure of its adminira-
tion to the merit of the compclition it examines. It
accommodates its praifts, or its cenfure, to thle excel-
lence of a work, and appropriates it to the nature of
it. General applaufe, or indifcrirrmnate abufe, is the
fignof a vulgar underflanding. There are certain
blemiflieswh-lch the judicious and good natured read-
er will .-, I 1 overlook. But the f-e foblime, the
tumrour xxhicli is intended for greatness, the diflorted
figure, the puerile conceit, and the incongruous meta-
phor, thefe are defects for which ftarcely any other
kind of merit can atone. And yet there may be more
Lope of a writer (efpccially if he be a x ouig one) 1who
is now and ithen guilty of fome of thefict fauits, than of
one w ho avoids them all, not through judgment, but
fecblcr.efs, and who, inflead of deviating into error,
is continually i'_-'i, flhort of excellence. The mere
abfence of error implies that moderate and inferior de-
gree of merit, with which a cold heart and a phleg-
matic tafte will be better satisfied, than with the
,u~a; ;..:. :*-.1. Li' . exalted spirits. Itflrctcheg





O N G E-N I U'S, &. 7:9

fdme minds to uneasy extension, to be oliged to
attend to comnpo'itons fIuperlatively excellent ; and t
contra&s liberal fouls to a -;.'.-, -.i narrownefs to def-
*end to books of inferior merit. A work of capital
v nius, to a man of-an ordinary mind, is the bed of
rocruftes to one ofa fhort feature ; the man is too lit-
tle to fill up the.fpace aTignedl to him, and undergoes
the torture in attempting it: and a moderate.or low
production, to a man of bright talents, is the -pniih-
ment ,, t,..! by Mezeatius ; the living spirit has too
much animation to endure patiently to be in contact
with a dead body.
Tafte feems to be a fentiment of the foul, which
gives the bias ti .'" A-. ..-we feel before we re-
eea. W ithoutt ,. i ..: ,-,ai ., leara-
ing, and opinion, would be cold, n.- -1. trials ;
whereas they become active principles, when frirred,
kindled, and inflamed by this animating quality.
There is another feeling, which is caled enthnfi-
afm. t ,.. ,.ir.... .U oftenfible hearts is fo strong,
that it not only yields to the i ....'.:. with which ftrik-
ing objects a&'on it; but fich hearts help on the ef-
f, 1.v t' eir own fenfibility. In a fcene where
SiL .'. .;" i e and Hodgkinfon give perfection to each
other, the feeling heart does not merely accede to the
delirium they occafion: it does more ; it is enamour-
ed of it ; it fiolicits the delufion ; it facsto be dec.iv-
ed, and grudgingly cherifhes the faced treafure of its
feelings. The poet and performer concur in carrying
us

Beyond this vifible diurnal fphere.

They bear us aloft in their airy courfe, with unrefifted
rapidity, if they meet not with any obfltraUion from
the coldness of our own feeliags. Perhaps only a few
fine fpirits can enter into the detail of their writing
and afring : but the multitude do not enjoy lefs acute-
ly, because they are not able philofophically to analyfe
the forces of their joy or forrow. If the others have





so 0 N G E N I U S, 6&e.

the advantage of juig'ng, thefe have at leaft the pri-
vilege of feeling: and it is not from coniplaiftance to a
few leading judges, that they burfl into peals of
laughter, or melt into delightful agony ; their hearts
decide, and that is a decision from which there lies no
appeal. It muf, however, be eonfefled, that tho
nicer ie-parations of character, and the lighter and al-
mnoft imperceptible flhades which sometimes. i 1
themin, will not be intimately reliihed, unleft there be
a con'obnancyoftafte as well as feeling in the fpedta-
tots ; though, where the pafions aire principally con-
cerned, the profane vulgar come in for a larger por-
tion of. he univerfal delight, than critics and connoif-
feurs are willing to allow them.
Yet enthuiiafin, t' the natural concomitant of
geaius, is no more genius iti"el, than drunkenness is
cheerfulncfs : and thatenthuilafm, which diicouven rs it-
e!fifon occasloas not worthy to cxcite it, is the mark
efa wretched judgment a;-d a rail,.
Nature produces innnumenrable ol-cJ's: to imtate
ha.ii, is tlie province ofgenius ; to direct t'hoie iuni-
tations, is the property of judgn: ; to decide onl
their ene's, is thebuline:-s of affe. For Tre 1\.
fits ai iupreme judge on the producAions of genius, S
not _a-tisfied when file merely inmi'ates nature ; far
rui"t alib, fays an ingenious Frenec xmriter, imitate .
L-Kt.'<. nature. It requires no lei's i:dg'ent o reject
thin to choneh ;and genius might i itatce v' hac is vul-
ar, under pretence that it was tliucial, if taPite did
not carei'uli-i point out thofe oeje.6is -5 ich are moit
proper for imitation. It alfo rcq,i;res a very nice
di'cernment to (I ,. verifim.i 1ta c fron truth ;
for threr is a truth in afte nearly as coicLivye as de-
ionfliration in mathematics"
Genils, when in full' im petnotv of its career, of-
ten touches on the very briik of error ; an, is, per-
haps, never 1 near the verge ot the pr ipice, as
when indulging its fub!irc;ni ights. It is in thore
great, but dangerous moments, that the curb of vigi-
lant ijadsmanent is mtoft wanting : while fafe and fober





() G E N I U S, &,.. ;3

daulnefs obfe'-., r. r. li:, .in i,. ..C. -. oi-,d of tire-
lame uniform .1 .... u ,11. .. i, ,' ccentrici-
tf andocbe F:'. '.r !' I ha' .. p .... :i es tore-
ircrnch,fexw 7 ..'..' '' t i> 1 L :,....! i . irregulari-
ties to 'fmo(, i' Ti j, -, ti-, hii, ., r, i.r- [he errors
ef genius, for tri.1- i.r.ircl r.-!,_ .,.,-c i rlioutplen-
i tude, or irregularity witOL' *.r.i_ 'irf. The excef
lesof genius may eafily be -. !.'. I.., the defi-
Liencies ofdalnefs can never 1.i. 1'...
Thol'e, who copy from oth( i,, .. i ,:. .'. i. be leifs
c excellent than thole who copy from nature. To imi-
liate imn:tators, is the way to depart too far from the
-reat original herself. The later copies of an engrav-
ilg retain fainter and fainter traces of the fubjecd, to
which the earlier impreflions bore r-' a refcm-
[lance.
It ieems very extraordinary, that it should be the
roft difficult thing in the world to be natural ; and
that it fiould be harder to hit oft' the mr banners of rcal
I rfe, and to delineate fuch charaaers as we conveife.
.ith every day, than to imagine ibch as do not exit.
u'ut caricature is ramuch easier than an exaft outline-
a.,id the colouring offaacy lefs '... than that of
_ E ruth.
People do not always know what tall they h ave,
t;ll it is awakened by Ibue correfponding '. : nay,
genius itfcelfis a fire, which, in many minds, would
i.ever blaze, if not kindled'by lbme external cafe.
Nature, that munificent nm3ther, when ihe beflows
lie powers of Jiudging, accompanies it wvth the capa-
c ty ofenjoying. The judgment, which is clearfiht-
c.i, points out ftich obhjeais as are calculated to icfpire
love ; and the heart inftantaneoufiv attaches itself to
wxhatfoever is lovely.
In regard to literary reputation, a great deal de-
pends on the fate of learning in the particular age or
nation, in whichan author lives. In a dark a'd igno-
rant period, moderate knowledge wil'l entitle its pof-
f&tor to a considerable fare of fame ; whereas, to be





ON GENIUS, &0.
(." ; in a polite and lettered age, requires
firikiig parts and deep erudition.
Whtin a nation begins to emerge from a fate of
mental darkness, and to flrike cut the firfI rudiments
of improv-emnient, it chalks out a few ftrong but i;ncor-
S rett ketches, gives the rude outlines of general art,
and leaves the filling upto the efure of happier days,
k, apndthe CiiennI,t oi t mnorencclihtened timns. Their
I ra,'ving is a rude Shozzo, and their poetry wild min-
Itrelfy.
Perfeftion oftafle is a point which a nation no fion-
er reaches, than it overfhoots ; and it is more difficult
to return to it, after having pail d it, than it vwas to
attain, when they fellfihort of it. Where the arts be-
i gin tolanguiih after having jiourifhed, they i'.. _..
indeed, fall back to their Cri'ginal bara'riim : but a
certain fceblenefs of exertion takes "lace, and it is
more difficult to recover them from this cvins la in.'uor
to their proper 1'i '.I, than it vas to poinai tlim
fromin their former rudenefs ; for it is a let's fo r.ida-
bte undertaking, to refine barbarity, than to itop de-
cay : the firft may be labored into elegance ; but the
latter will rarely be i- -'. ,... in into vix oi .
Tafle exerts itself at fn'r-iuzt feebly and inipcrfecFi]y ;
it is repreiled and kept back by a croud of th'e ri ft
discouraging prejudices : like an infant prince, h Iho,
though born to reign, yet holds an idle fcepere, wh'ch
lhe has not power to uf, but is obliged to Ifee wihthe
eyes, andhear through the ears of oth-er men.
A writer ofcorrect tafe will hardly ever go out of
his way, even in search ofembellifhiment ; he wil flu-
dy to attain the beft end by the most natural means ;
for he knows that what is not natural cannot be bcauti-
'. ful, and that nothing can be beautiful out of iis own
place: for an improper situation vill convert the moit
itr i.,,- beauty into a glaring def.t. When, by a
well connected chain of ideas, or a judicious fuccef-
fion of events, the reader is snatched to '"Thebes or
Athens," what can be more impertinent than for the
poett o obltruct the operation of the paflion he has






0 II G E N I U 1%, dr. f
i I I. i tr.Iti-ur, ga crnc "i nhich t(in-
d J'L' lI ,,,l, : f l- rt id a i r~ j t i
;*:':,' . j,,'.,*,.!., .^und r>. irrit, hiis buiiric-l'-: '.it,
dr '_ ,,,* rr, -,, .l| r' .t 1, i ic, j i[de ,, u thl ...'
U . i. '.
L., ,. .,. u i ,,. ,, t t.ur .:+ ; tl iii| -t dS 1

rr r, ".. ',..r a rt fais, a d : i. .:-

.,.. . C :J*.d i [U [.. (te.u Ix n rcft..>irtd to
i i- xr h .r L r i.-
f- Ai tnuaof htr r t
i~~~~ ~ K, -' i'^t,.-, A hin, prr1.-'
I'. 'n :('s ". 1 vcLut of the r N
,. ", *. Cl (,, rl%.J tI rhpIt,
,,., ', z ,,, i .- .i : ,, '. { 1 t ; l-''" o .Id ll t t hfi [|, ...r



i ,.. .' . . +. r,. I, r ._ f , l.' l. t e' : r eo I
I '.. 1 ." , *'1 1. i r 'I '. a ll i.it rLit ( '
j._, i. i .. t' i'. ,. .1 " i' i._ Ut b t tr il.-i s


l...'', ..uU*I' .d... ., th L p h l t e


It- ,U Il. a 3 11. tie
r-i t I t L 'I n t



.. I i'.: "I 1tT i. r L t l'r4 e
Sat he took none at all The i .., which ap



Iar~s tobe mofteafy, will be generally found to be
Si. 'A imitable r The molt elegant i t seriess are the motl.
I ,'".y retained :they fasten t rnfel',s ,'on the memo-

%. ,:h cafe, was r ;it >.s ...vito ,t i '.d r 1 t!-
p i 'l.. i .i' .1 i !- l : !-, i .1 .i. I i _:. ~ ( l;

t' at he took none at all. The )r~o I. ;-., which ap-



o conc ar udobe moenius is a rare generally fpreciound to bem, of
i.hich few know the mort elegant; it vsfitterfoes arei the mot
L fily retained :ur, thaney faoren the comfelves on the 1memo-
r.Go without its making any enieort to referee them,
a ,. d we are apt to imagine, that what is remembered
v, i.th eafe, was written without d ,, ,- ,.!il +.
Toconclude : genius is a rare and precious gem, of
which h few know the worth ; it is fitter for'ith' .,'.._*..*t
,' the connoi]feur, than for the commerce o' i', ,i,,i ,ri,'i.
Good fce.,e: is a bank-bitll convenient for (h.-.[';/*, nt.


.f ,




RrM
$4 ON G E N I U T, S c
reciable at all times, c;:.'ft i al ph cc -
I.nvow the valu : i. -i ahd .c,.ir -


a pn- at I2e mcit Ialdble i;7b-Xo G leU c C
v ith it t C ir 0iC of qcait,, ,:;i; g ius C3 a'
fi=c s cfe in to nm pofe the Lrdci of tur'
ty; ad rc'- t is pa-d o it -' Jioha re u<
v, hc al ,va' attends otic r.--J's, th 1ocr c .
-r t tc. A '4 _.?!-, r:r.td ean ,
w irh they tre l:ai- liable to t'e a :,)e' Ci.
: h :s .ihe ci:ara er of'gcmulks t{% penetrate wi-*:* j
-"S ... a 50 i 'o t5 < At ... .
Swords, and to fee what nis o it. Is t'e proper' "
goooi fenlc tod l tr per5 el, and j-dg a accura. :. cra -
"C i.atcI is. Good In:fe has anot 20 o'c; an. j
but it has as dear a Uigtit. It does ot penetrate I. *
deeply, but as far as it Wes iee, it diIcerns dafin. "
Socd femic is a judicious mechanic who can pro .... e
bcmtv a,.'o vcnie1e out e iable nL. ar:s, but [ge 'I .
(I peak vw.ith rec'r-cice c.2 te immeaitrable dic", ..
bear tai-oeC remo-e rcfemlanc:to the divine archi: .- )
V, ho produced pcfection e obca:y v without any vi: ,
materials ; zcho fpake, oa.d it ajs c-eaied ; \ ho i-.,'.
let it be) and it cas.


tF I N I S.







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