Cuaderno de Pedagogía Universitaria

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Material Information

Title:
Cuaderno de Pedagogía Universitaria
Physical Description:
Serial
Language:
Spanish
Creator:
Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra. Programa de Superación del Profesorado.
Publisher:
Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra, 2004-
Place of Publication:
Santiago, República Dominicana
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Teachers -- Training of -- Dominican Republic -- Periodicals.
Education, Higher -- Dominican Republic -- Periodicals.
Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra -- Periodicals.
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Dominican Republic

Notes

General Note:
In Spanish; some abstracts in English and Spanish.
General Note:
Issues also have theme titles.

Record Information

Source Institution:
Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra
Holding Location:
Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 868024666
System ID:
AA00021937:00020


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Full Text

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6!! CUADERNO DE PEDAGOGA UNIVERSITARIA Voces de nuestros lectoresEn esta seccin compartimos las opiniones que nos envan nuestros lectores sobre los artculos publicados en el ltimo ejemplar del Cuaderno de Pedagoga Universitaria: No. 19 enero-junio, 2013 V O C E S D E N U E S T R O S L E C T O R E SLa creatividad en la docencia universitaria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oaching para mejorar el proceso de enseanza-aprendizaje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anejo didctico de la imagen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8!! VOCES DE NUESTROS LECTORES B"#%$&1'!-%&")%"0*&"!-40'1&_."^+4I-%&"%&($!(%C*!&";!= +*-*(!$I'"%-"!#$%')*6!?%")%"0*&"!-40'1&_."^74M"0!(%$*!= 4)3(7(+)"6+3,3(/)")3'0,(@#+#(?6)(4#("4#3)(3)#()>'0,3#WB( X?6%(@6)$,(Q#")+()/(&'(@+A>'&#(@4#/'1"#"'A/(@#+#( +1'%+(!$"+1'"-1"%'&%G!)1"%'"%&(!"-%++*,'_."^+4I')1" %&"%-"0%?1$"010%'(1"#!$!"($!>!?!$"+!)!"#$1#,&*(1_." %'($%"1($!&"#$%C4'(!&"74%"#4%)%'"+1')4+*$"!-")1+%'(%" !"#-!'(%!$&%"$%%&(!&"!"*'(%$$1C!'(%&"74%"!'(%&"'1" &%"@!+E!< 1(I(C"%*-<)+&-"%1(2(-=%9)$(C.&$"%'(4% 9(<"$."G(+.&%'(%3-)C&4&:?"=% A"G<#-%5"+.)":& V$!+*!&"P!B$!"U4*6"#1$"(!'"*'(%$%&!'(%"!$(E+4-1<"S4&(1" +101"0%'+*1'!"-!"0%(I;1$!")%"-!"(!6!"5!+E!."5!+*%01&" '4%&($!"(!6!"(1)1&"-1&")E!&"#!$!")!$"1#1$(4'*)!)"!"'4%= 5!&";1$0!&")%-"74%@!+%$"B">$*')!$"'4%51&"%';174%&"%'" '4%&($!"#$I+(*+!<" 1&-"I(44(%3L$(8=% 9(<"$."G(+.&%'(%3-)C&4&:?"= %A"G<#-%5"+.)":&Diagnstico de seguridad y salud en el trabajo en empresas como estrategia de aprendizaje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`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abc3"B"-!"$%51-4+*,'"*';1$= 0I(*+!")%"-1&"!G1&"d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e"5*"-!"%)4+!+*,'"+101"4'!"1#1$(4'*)!)"#!$!" 4(*-*6!$"0*&"+1'1+*0*%'(1&"%'"!-C1"74%";4%$!"/(*-"#!$!"-!" &1+*%)!)K."%&(1")%>%01&"5%$-1"+101"4'"$%(1.">4&+!$

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12!! VENTANAS ABIERTAS A LA PEDAGOGA UNIVERSITARIA !"#$%&'$()*+%,#-$.+,+$/)#$,+'#-('#'$'&$0%#1#2+$&)$&3/(4+$&)0%&$'+.&)0&5$/)(6&%5(0#%(+578$"#/%#$"+'&(%+$9)2+:/#'&%)+$'&$;&'#<+<=#$>)(6&%5(0#%(#$$?@+$AB$C$DEFB$C$2/-(+G'(.(&,1%&$FBAH$C$I#)0(#<+8$J&4K1-(.#$L+,()(.#)#$C$;>:MM$C$4E$ABGAN-,C*+!"+1'"-!"74%"%'(%')%01&"-1&"%74*#1&")1+%'(%&< H&!"C$!'"+!>%6!"$%#$%&%'(!"-!"+1'&($4++*,'"+1-!>1= $!(*5!")%-"!#$%')*6!?%"74%."+101"@%01&")*+@1."@!")%" )30#+(,+')/0#$#(@,+(6/#(1+&)('/0)/"'A/($)(&)2,+#($#$,( ?6)(E4,3()?6'@,3($)9)/(#@+)/$)+(#()>@4,0#+()4(@,0)/ = +*!-")%"04+@!&"0%'(%&"#!$!"&%$"0I&"*'(%-*C%'(%&"74%" 4'!"#%$&1'!"&1-!K"YN%'C%."233l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afZ<"El objetivo de la tesis doctoral en el que nos focalizamos.k/#($)1/'"'A/(#&@4'#(",&,(4#(?6)(Q)&,3(#36&'$,( '1&"#%$0*(E!"!)1#(!$"&*'"#$1>-%0!&"+101"1>?%(*51"%-" $)(E'$)/0'1"#+(7("#+#"0)+'J#+B(3'(4#3(Q69')+#B($'5)+)/ = (%&"01)!-*)!)%&")%"($!>!?1"+1'"1($1&"%'($%")1+%'= (%&"4'*5%$&*(!$*1&<"F-%C!')1"!"%&(!>-%+%$"4'!"%&+!-!" )%"+10#-%?*)!)"%&($4+(4$!-"%'";4'+*,'")%")*+@!&"01= )!-*)!)%&K"YF1)%*$1."23afZ<"S4&(!0%'(%"%&"4'1")%"-1&" )%&+4>$*0*%'(1&"74%"@%01&"@%+@1"%'"$%-!+*,'"!"%&(%" 1>?%(*51"%-"74%";1+!-*6!"%-"!$(E+4-1< 9%"&%#(*%0>$%"!")*+*%0>$%")%"233b"@%"(%'*)1"-!"1#1$= (4'*)!)")%"$%!-*6!$"4'!"%&(!'+*!")%"*'5%&(*C!+*,'"%'"%-" K)/0+,($)(i)3#++,44,(N+,5)3,+#4(_KiNc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kH8lHG(D,$)'+,(B([\]dG(mdLmhIntencin de mejora Intencin de mejoraEQUIPO DOCENTEPlan de accinObjetivos comunesAsociacin dinmicaPunto de encuentro

PAGE 17

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m-(\G]aGhh-\mp(q( \G[\Gd\-][p H'"%&!"$%)")%&!$$1--!."&1>$%"(1)1."-1"74%"--!0!"#$1B%+= 0,3($)(#3':/#06+#(?6)('&@4'"#/("#&9',3(3':/'1"#0'<,3( )/(4,(?6)(3)(+)1)+)(#(4#($,")/"'#($)(6/#(#3':/#06+#( +1'+$%(!<":!$!"74%"%&(%"(*#1")%"#$1B%+(1&"#4%)!'" --%5!$&%"!"+!>1."'4%&($1"#$1;%&1$"%'-!+%"'%+%&*(!" +1'(!$"+1'"-!"+1-!>1$!+*,'")%"-!&"#%$&1'!&"+1'"-!&" 74%"+10#!$(%"!&*C'!(4$!"B";1$0!$"%74*#1"+1'"%--!&<" ]1$0!-0%'(%"&%$I'"#$1B%+(1&")%"+1$(!")4$!+*,'" n-!"74%"(*%'%"%'"4'"+4$&1"-!"!&*C'!(4$!"%'"-!"74%"&%"" $)3#++,44#u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m-(\G]\G[`-b]m(q( \G]]Gh]-b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eexiones nales. El porqu de este artculo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16!! VENTANAS ABIERTAS A LA PEDAGOGA UNIVERSITARIA !"#$%&'$()*+%,#-$.+,+$/)#$,+'#-('#'$'&$0%#1#2+$&)$&3/(4+$&)0%&$'+.&)0&5$/)(6&%5(0#%(+578$"#/%#$"+'&(%+$9)2+:/#'&%)+$'&$;&'#<+<=#$>)(6&%5(0#%(#$$?@+$AB$C$DEFB$C$2/-(+G'(.(&,1%&$FBAH$C$I#)0(#<+8$J&4K1-(.#$L+,()(.#)#$C$;>:MM$C$4E$ABGANN%'C%.":<"Y233lZ<" !"%B#)+."%')-C)<4)+"[%C;G&%C&+-.$#)$%#+"% &$:"+)8"C);+%)+.(4):(+.( (_dv()$-c-(V6)/,3(!'+)3G(*+#/'"#.#&6)4,e'"JB(g-(_]```c-( JC"'(G)C-b%*'#C".)&+"4%V(H 4)(K-%"+'%@("CD)+:%3$"C.)C(-0 (_lQ)3'3c-(*+'510Q(k/'<)+= &*(B<"X4&($!-*!< L%?!)!."S<"YabbdZ<" /$#<&%2%('#C"C);+[%.LC+)C"-%'(%.$"I",&% 2%"+74)-)-0 (V#+")4,/#G(H$'"',/)3(D'9+)+O#(k/'<)+3'0#+'#U#9#4J#B(P-!-(_]`aac-(N)/3#&')/0,($)4(@+,5)3,+(7($) = 3#++,44,($'$;"0'",-(H/3)M#/J#B(hLmG(]\`L]da ="Y233gZ<"H-*+*(!+*,'"B"$%#$%&%'(!+*,'")%-"+1'1+*0*%'(1" )%"#$1;%&1$%&"4'*5%$&*(!$*1&"#$1(!C1'*&(!&")%"J>4%'!&" @+;"0'"#3($,")/0)3CG(w/:)/')+O#($)4(",/,"'&')/0,(@#+#( -!"0%?1$!")%"-!"+!-*)!)")%"-!")1+%'+*!"4'*5%$&*(!$*!"%'" %-"0!$+1")%-"#$1+%&1")%"+1'5%$C%'+*!"H4$1#%1K<":$1= #4%&(!")%"*'5%&(*C!+*,'<"V$4#1"VAH."Q'*5%$&*)!)")%" N!'(*!C1")%"810#1&(%-!<"a":$1B%+(1")%"*'5%&(*C!+*,'"+4B1"(E(4-1"+10#-%(1"%&"H-*+*(!=" +*,'"B"$%#$%&%'(!+*,'")%-"+1'1+*0*%'(1")%"#$1;%&1$%&"4'*= <)+3'0#+',3(@+,0#:,/'30#3($)(E96)/#3(@+;"0'"#3($,")/0)3CG('/= C%'*%$E!")%-"+1'1+*0*%'(1"#!$!"-!"0%?1$!")%"-!"+!-*)!)")%"-!" )1+%'+*!<":$1B%+(1")%"Ao9")%&!$$1--!)1"%'($%"233g"B"233d<2"H-"(E(4-1")%"-!"L%&*&"91+(1$!-"%&"H-*+*(!+*,'"B"$%#$%&%'(!+*,'" $)4(",/,"'&')/0,()>@)+0,($)(@+,5)3,+)3(6/'<)+3'0#+',3G(D#( +1'&($4++*,'")%"$%)%&"B"+104'*)!)%&")%"!#$%')*6!?%"+101" +10#1'%'(%"B"+1')*+*,'")%"-!&"J>4%'!&"#$I+(*+!&")1+%'(%&Kf"F!&"(*(4-!+*1'%&"4'*5%$&*(!$*!&"%'"H&#!G!"&%")*&($*>4B%'"%'" l"C$!')%&"I$%!&")%"+1'1+*0*%'(1"%'";4'+*,'")%"-!&"74%"&%" ,+:#/'J#/(4#3(6/'<)+3'$#$)3G(K')/"'#3($)(4#(.#46$B(K')/"'#3B( 8*%'+*!&"N1+*!-%&"B"S4$E)*+!&."A'C%'*%$E!"B"X$74*(%+(4$!"B" X$(%&"B"O40!'*)!)%&<" )%")%&!$$1--1"$%C4-!')1"%-"'*5%-")%"*0#-*+!+*,'"&%C/'" %-"010%'(1"B"-1&"*'(%$%&%&")%"+!)!"#$1B%+(1<"]1&"--%=" 5!"!"#%'&!$"%'"$%-!+*1'%&"#4'(4!-%&"B"-!(%'(%&"+101" #!$(%")%"4'"&*&(%0!")%"($!>!?1B(i-(_]`adc-(N)+3,/#4(lQ),+')3(,5(l)#"Q'/:-( 5.#')(-% )+%6):D($%*'#C".)&+= (aG(]m]L]pdF6)/0)3B(N-S(!7#4#B(!-S(*!Dy8B(R-w-(f(P#+0O/)JB(N-(_[\\mc-( @LC+)C"-%'(%.$"I",&%(+%:$#<& (_hv()$-c-(P#$+'$G(N'+;&'$)-( *,eB(D-(f(g)&9)+B(i-(_]``dc-(K,/")@0',/3(,5(l)#"Q'/:( !')"L@%*$"U%-!(*1'&@*#"(1"N(4)%'("F%!$'*'C<" V$).)-D%P&#$H +"4%&$%*'#C".)&+"4%3-2CD&4&:2=% pdG([\LddF1)%*$1."F<"Y23afZ<"H-*+*(!+*,'"B"$%#$%&%'(!+*,'")%-" ",/,"'&')/0,()>@)+0,($)(@+,5)3,+)3(6/'<)+3'0#+',3G(4#( +1'&($4++*,'")%"$%)%&"B"+104'*)!)%&")%"!#$%')*6!?%" +101"+10#1'%'(%"B"+1')*+*,'")%"-!& %cI#(+"-%<$7C.)C"-% '&C(+.(-d0% YL%&*&"91+(1$!-"*'M)*(!Z<"9%#!$(!0%'(1"")%" 9*)I+(*+!"B"[$C!'*6!+*,'"H&+1-!$<"Q'*5%$&*)!)")%"N!'= (*!C1")%"810#1&(%-!< P!$+%-1."8<"YabhdZ<" *4%<(+-"G)(+.&%'(4%<$&K(-&$0 "R!$+%= 4,/#G(KH!KN+@k;%$&."R<"YabhgZ<" N+.$&'#CC);+%"%4"%-&C)&4&:?"%'(%:$#H <&-0(V#+")4,/#G(H$'0,+'#4(Z)+$)+-

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"" VENTANAS ABIERTAS A LA PEDAGOGA UNIVERSITARIA 19!"#$%&'()*+,+-./&$$#00#+-.+.12.$3#/4+5/3$&3.6(&/+2&$&+.0+-(/.7#+-.+/(/3.%&/+-.+&2$.*-(8&9.+,+&2#,#+&0+-./.%2.7#:;+<(/.33.+=>+?.,./++@A&-.$*#+-.+B.-&6#6C&+D*(E.$/(3&$(&++F7#+GH+I+J>KH+I+9A0(#L-('(.%M$.+KHGN+I+O&*3(&6#;+?.2PM0('&+Q#%(*('&*&+I+BD@RR+I+2>+GSLKTDenicin de experticiaXK6;/0,(0')&@,(3)(+)?6')+)(@#+#(44#&#+3)()>@)+0,()/( !-C1_"PI&")%"+4!($1")M+!)!&")%"*'5%&(*C!+*1'%&."1$*C*= '!-0%'(%"$%!-*6!)!&"+1'"?4C!)1$%&"0!%&($1&"%'"!?%= )$%6."&4C*%$%'"74%"4'1&"a3"!G1&"1"%-"%74*5!-%'(%"!" a3.333"@1$!&<"H'"+1'&%+4%'+*!."%-"'/0%$1"a3"&%"@!" +1'5%$(*)1"%'"4'!")%"-!&"0M($*+!&"0I&"*0#1$(!'(%&"%'" 4#($)1/'"'A/($)(4#()>@)+0'"'#(@#+#(6/#(#&@4'#(:#&#($)( #"0'<'$#$)3(Q6&#/#3(7($'3"'@4'/#3(_KQ#3)(f(.'&,/B( abdfZ<"]1"1>&(!'(%."1($1&"%&(4)*1&"@!'"%&(!>-%+*)1" ?6)(6/()>@)+0,(/,(3)(@6)$)(&)$'+()>"463'<#&)/0)(@,+( 363(#M,3($)()>@)+')/"'#B(#(&)/,3(?6)($'"Q#()>@)+0'"'#( @!B!"&*)1"!)74*$*)!"+101"$%&4-(!)1")%"#$I+(*+!"+1'(*= '4!"$%!-*6!)!")%"0!'%$!")%-*>%$!)!"1."%'"1($!&"#!-!=" 9+#3B($)(5,+&#('/0)/"',/#4(_H+'"33,/([\\pB(H+'"33,/(f( N0*(@."abbaZ<":1$"%?%0#-1."4'!"#%$&1'!"#4%)%"0%01= $*6!$"B"$%+*(!$"4'!"C$!'"+!'(*)!)")%")*&+4$&1&"B"'1"#1$" %&1"&%$"1"+1'5%$(*$&%"'%+%&!$*!0%'(%"%'"4'"0!%&($1" %'"1$!(1$*!<"H&")%+*$."-!"#$I+(*+!"#1$"&E"&1-!"'1"@!+%" -!"#%$;%++*,'."&*'1"-!"#$I+(*+!"$%!-*6!)!")%"0!'%$!"*'= 0)/"',/#4(7(+)=)>'<#(7(?6)(3)(+)1/#()/("#$#(+)@)0'"'A/( Q#30#(4,:+#+3)(#(+)#4'J#+(",/()>")4)/"'#-( H>'30)/($'5)+)/"'#3(3':/'1"#0'<#3()/0+)()4($)3)&@)M,( $)(6/()>@)+0,(7(6/(/,<#0,-(i)/0+,($)(4#3(&;3(+)",/,"' = $#3B(3)()/"6)/0+#(?6)(4,3()>@)+0,3(@,3))/(6/#(,+( 7(&)2,+(Q#9'4'$#$(@#+#('$)/0'1"#+(7(+)3,4<)+(@+,94)-( H30,(3)($)9)(@+'&,+$'#4&)/0)(#(?6)(4,3()>@)+0,3(0')/)/( 4#("#@#"'$#$($)(60'4'J#+(6/#(+)$()>Q#630'<#(?6)('/0)L :+#G(",/,"'&')/0,3(7()>@)+')/"'#3(_i+)7563(f(i+)7563B ]`a\c-(D,3()306$',3(?6)(",&@#+#/(#(/,<#0,3(",/()>= #%$(1&."%'"4'!"C$!'"5!$*%)!)")%")*&+*#-*'!&"B"I$%!&")%" +1'1+*0*%'(1."+101"#1$"%?%0#-1."TE&*+!"Y94;$%&'%"%(" #4-B(]``[cB(H/5)+&)+O#(_D#&,/$(f(F#+/)44B(]``acB(D'0)L" +#06+#(_U)'0J(B(]``hcB(i'3)M,(w/30+6""',/#4(_*)B(KQ)/B( f(i#<'3B([\\mcB(",/1+&#/(?6)()4(#"")3,(#60,&;0'",(#( %&(!"%&($4+(4$!"!-(!0%'(%"1$C!'*6!)!")%"+1'1+*0*%'(1" +)4#"',/#$#(#(6/#($'3"'@4'/#()/()3@)"O1",B()3(4,(?6)( $)1/'0'<#&)/0)($'5)+)/"'#(#(4,3()>@)+0,3($)(4,3(/,<# = (1&"+4!')1"&%"($!(!")%"$%&1-5%$"#$1>-%0!&"+10#-%?1&< "Desarrollo de la experticia en resolucin de problemasXKA&,(3#9)&,3("6;/$,(6/()>@)+0,()30;(5+)/0)(#(6/( @+,94)&#(",&@4)2,W(.):Y/(R,/#33)/(_]``bc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p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i+)7563(_]`a\c-(H4(&'3&,(Q#(3'$,(60'4'J#$,()>'0,3#&)/0)( %'")*5%$&!&"I$%!&")%-"+1'1+*0*%'(1"+101"-!"&!-4)."-!" )$6"#"'A/(7B(&;3()3@)"O1"#&)/0)B()/(4#(@+;"0'"#($)(4#( %';%$0%$E!"YR%''%$."233gZ"B"-!";1$0!+*,'")%"#$1;%&1$%&" YN0*(@."233aZ<"RI&*+!0%'(%."%-"01)%-1"%&(I"+10#4%&(1" #1$"+*'+1"%(!#!&<"8!)!"%(!#!")%&+$*>%"%-"'*5%-")%"%51-4= +*,'"%'"+1'1+*0*%'(1&"(%,$*+1&"B"#$I+(*+1&."!&E"+101"-!&" +10#%(%'+*!&"!-+!'6!)!&"#1$"%-"%&(4)*!'(%"1"!#$%')*6" Q#30#(44):#+(Q#")+3)()>@)+0,-(H/()3)(3)/0'$,B(3)(@+)30#( ",&,(:6O#()/(4#()<#46#"'A/($)4(/'<)4(#"06#4($)(4#()> = #%$(*+*!"-1C$!)!"#1$"4'!"#%$&1'!")4$!'(%"&4";1$0!+*,'" B")%&!$$1--1")%"+!$$%$!"1"#$I+(*+!"#$1;%&*1'!-<"N%C/'" %&(%"01)%-1."%-"!#$%')*6")%&!$$1--!"@!>*-*)!)%&">!?1"4'" !0>*%'(%"B"#$1C$!0!";1$0!-")%"!#$%')*6!?%<"N4&"+*'+1" )0#@#3(3)($)3"+'9)/(#(",/0'/6#"'A/G a<" P*5"/*Q":":1&%%"4'"'*5%-"0E'*01")%"+1'1+*0*%'(1." 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PAGE 23

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PAGE 24

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24!! VENTANAS ABIERTAS A LA PEDAGOGA UNIVERSITARIA !"#$%&'()*+,+-./&$$#00#+-.+.12.$3#/4+5/3$&3.6(&/+2&$&+.0+-(/.7#+-.+/(/3.%&/+-.+&2$.*-(8&9.+,+&2#,#+&0+-./.%2.7#:;+<(/.33.+=>+?.,./++@A&-.$*#+-.+B.-&6#6C&+D*(E.$/(3&$(&++F7#+GH+I+J>KH+I+9A0(#L-('(.%M$.+KHGN+I+O&*3(&6#;+?.2PM0('&+Q#%(*('&*&+I+BD@RR+I+2>+GSLKT8@!&%."s<."N*01'."O<"YabdfZ<":%$+%#(*1'"*'"+@%&&<" K,:/'0'<)(N37"Q,4,:7B(h_]cB(mmLa]-($,'G(]\-]\]p}\\]\L 32hlYdfZb333g=2< K,4)&#/B(P-(K-B(f(z)99)+B(R-(_[\\[c-(H&,0',/#4(#/$( 9)Q#<',+#4($'3,+$)+3G(lQ),+7(#/$(@+#"0'")-(V,30,/B(P!G( !447/(#/$(V#",/-(K,44'3B(V-B(f(z'//'@3B(g-(_[\\[c-(le,( &+%'!$*1&";1$"#$1)4+(*5%"-%!$'*'C"%'5*$1'0%'(&"*'"(@%" e,+x@4#")-(V+'0'3Q(R,6+/#4(,5(H$6"#0',/#4(l)"Q/,4,:7B( dd_[cB(]ddq]ha-($,'G]\-]]]]}]hpbLamdm-\\[hai+)7563B(.-(H-B(f(i+)7563B(Z-(D-(_]`a\c-(!(1<)L30#:)( 01)%-"1;"(@%"0%'(!-"!+(*5*(*%&"*'51-5%)"*'")*$%+(%)"&i*--" #"?6'3'0',/-(.0,+&'/:(P)$'#G(N)/0#:,/(I)@,+03(#/$( i,"6&)/03-(I)0+')<)$(5+,&(Q00@G}}eee-30,+&'/:&)$'#4&qalqallgqXallgh3<@(0-" i65+)3/)B(I-(R-B(*)+#")B(z-(R-B(Z#+$'&#/B(N-(l-B(f(P)30+)B R-(N-(_]``[c-(K,/30+#'/'/:(/,<'")3(0,(@)+5,+&()>@)+0L 4'x)(@+,94)&(#/#473)3G(H55)"03(,/(3"Q)&#(#"?6'3'0',/-( R,6+/#4(,5(0Q)(D)#+/'/:(."')/")3B([_dcB(d\bLdd]-($,'G( a3$*)C%"@!')>11i"1;" )>@)+0'3)(#/$()>@)+0(@)+5,+&#/")-(K#&9+'$:)G(K#&= >$*)C%"Q'*5%$&*(B":$%&&<" H+'"33,/B(g-(!-B(f(.&'0QB(R-(_]``]c-(l,e#+$(#(:)/)+#4( 0Q),+7(,5()>@)+0'3)G(N+,3@)"03(#/$(4'&'03-(K#&9+'$:)G( 8!0>$*)C%"Q'*5%$&*(B":$%&&<" F#/0'44'B(I-(i-B(f(P"i,6:#44B(i-(H-(_[\\`c-(!(306$7(,5( /,<'")(0)#"Q)+3G(KQ#44)/:)3(#/$(36@@,+03('/(0Q)(1+30( 7)#+3-(l)#"Q'/:(#/$(l)#"Q)+(H$6"#0',/B([m_pcB(a]hq a[m-($,'G]\-]\]p}2-0#0)-[\\`-\[-\[]*)B(~-B(KQ)/B(K-B(f(i#<'3B(g-(!-(_[\\mc-(."#55,4$'/:(/,L 5*+%"*'&($4+(*1'!-")%&*C'%$&u"#$1>-%0=&1-5*'C"#$1+%&&%&" 63'/:(?6)30',/(@+,&@03('/(#(e)9L9#3)$(4)#+/'/:()/<'= $1'0%'(<"S14$'!-"1;"H)4+!(*1'!-"810#4(*'C"U%&%!$+@." dd_[cB([]`L[ha-($,'G(]\-[]`\}mFpRLZZTFL[k[VLald*( *,4)&#/B(i-B(_]``mc(H&,0',/#4(w/0)44':)/")B(8)e(t,+xB( 8tB(H/:4#/$G(V#/0#&(V,,x3B(w/"-Z,:#/B(l-B(I#9'/,L e'0JB(P-B(f(K+#<)/B(R-(!-(_[\\dc-(I)@+)3)/0#0',/('/( l)#"Q'/:G(w/5)+)/")3(F+,&(I)3)#+"Q(,5(H>@)+0(#/$( ]15*+%"L%!+@%$&<"H)4+!(*1'!-":&B+@1-1C*&(."fhYgZ." [dmq[hb-($,'G]\-][\b}.]md[p`amHNda\hd S1'!&&%'."9<"O<"YabbdZ<"A'&($4+(*1'!-")%&*C'"01)%-&" 5,+(e)44L30+6"06+)$(#/$(wwwL30+6"06+)$(@+,94)&L3,4<'/:( -%!$'*'C"14(+10%&<"H)4+!(*1'!-"L%+@'1-1CB"U%&%!$+@" #/$(i)<)4,@&)/0B(hm_]cB(pmL`h-($,'G(]\-]\\b} RT322bbcaf F!01' $B(i-B(f(F#+/)44B(.-(_]``ac-(lQ)(0+)#0&)/0(,5(@+)L 336+)(3,+)3G(!(",&@#+'3,/(,5(/,<'")(#/$()>@)+0(/6+3)3 x/,e4)$:)B('/5,+�',/(63)(#/$($)"'3',/(#""6+#"7-( R,6+/#4(,5(!$<#/")$(86+3'/:B([b_[cB([a\L[ap-($,'G( ]\-]\hp}2-]dpmL[pha-]``a-\\md[->( D'<'/:30,/B(K-B(f(V,+x,B(Z-(_]`a`c-(H>@)+0L8,<'")(i'L 55)+)/")3('/(l)#"Q'/:G(!(K,:/'0'<)(!/#473'3(#/$(w&@4'"# = (*1'&";1$"L%!+@%$"H)4+!(*1'<"S14$'!-"1;"L%!+@%$"H)4+!= 0',/B(h\_hcB(dpqh[-($,'G]\-]]bb}\\[[hab]a`\h\\\h\b P#7)+B(R-(i-(f(.#4,<)7B(N-(_]``bc-(zQ#0('3()&,0',/#4('/ = 0)44':)/")W(w/(N-(.#4,<)7(f(i-(.4670)+(_H$3c-H&,0',/#4( $)<)4,@&)/0(#/$()&,0',/#4('/0)44':)/")G(w&@4'"#0',/3( 5,+()$6"#0,+3(_@@-(dLd]c-(8)e(t,+xG(V#3'"(V,,x3-( P"D,6:Q4'/B(K-B(f(P#+3Q#44B(D-(_[\\\c-(."#55,4$'/:G(!( 01)%-";1$"-%!$'%$"&4##1$("*'"!'"1'-*'%"(%!+@*'C"%'5*$1'= &)/0-(w/(F4)>'94)(5606+)3('/(0)+0'#+7(0)#"Q'/:-(_T,4-([c-( :$%&%'(%)"!("(@%"b(@"X''4!-"L%!+@*'C"F%!$'*'C"T1$40." K6+0'/(k/'<)+3'07(,5(l)"Q/,4,:7G(N)+0QP)3x'44B(K-B(P,33,@B(R-B(i'!/:)4,B(.-B(f(N#3?6#4)B(I-( _[\\[c-(H>@)+0(#/$(8,<'")(l)#"Q)+3(l#4x'/:(l)"Q/,4,:7G :$%+%#(&."81'+%#(&"!')"P*&+1'+%#(&<"F!'C4!C%" D)#+/'/:(f(l)"Q/,4,:7B(p_dcB(hpqm[P)7)+B(Z-(_[\\hc-(8,<'")(#/$()>@)+0(0)#"Q)+3(",/")@ = 0',/3(,5(4)#+/)+3(@+',+(x/,e4)$:)-(."')/")(H$6"#0',/B( aa_pcB(`b\q`ad-($,'G]\-]\\[}3")-[\\\p .Q#/0)#6B(R-(_[\\\c-Z,e(&6"Q('/5,+�',/($,)3(#/()> = #%$("4&%_"A&"*("$%-%5!'(_"X+(!":&B+@1-1C*+!."ha."dl=hc<" .&'0QB(N-(D-B(f(I#:#/B(l-(R-(_[\\mc-(w/30+6"0',/#4($)3':/-( Z,9,x)/B(8RG(R-(z'4)7(f(.,/3-( .&'0QB(I-(_[\\]c-(H>@)+0'3)(#/$(0Q)(3"Q,4#+3Q'@(,5( 0)#"Q'/:-(8)e(i'+)"0',/3(5,+(l)#"Q'/:(#/$(D)#+/'/:B( [\\]_apcB(p`Lba-($,'G(]\-]\\[}04-]b( l,9'/B(g-B(f(F+#3)+B(V-(R-(_]``\c-(zQ#0($,)3('0(&)#/( 0,(9)(#/()>)&@4#+7(3"')/")(0)#"Q)+W(R,6+/#4(,5(I) = 3)#+"Q('/(."')/")(l)#"Q'/:B([b_]cB(dq[m-($,'G]\-]\\[} (%!$*%;" *'($1)4+(*1'<"H(*%''%"s%'C%$"O10%":!C%<"U%($*%5%)" 5+,&(Q00@G}}eee-)e)/:)+-",&}0Q),+7}",&&6/'0')3,5 #$!+(*+%t*'($1<@(0" U)'0JB(K-(P-(_]``hc-(H>@)+0L/,<'")($'55)+)/")3('/(&)L 01$B."!>&($!+(*1'."!')"$%!&1'*'C"*'"(@%")10!*'"1;"F*(%$!=" (4$%<"81C'*(*1'"!')"A'&($4+(*1'."a2YgZ."2dd=fa2<"U%= 0+')<)$(5+,&(]\-][\b}3]md[p`\>"'][\h](

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"" VENTANAS ABIERTAS A LA PEDAGOGA UNIVERSITARIA 27!"#$%&##'($)'$'*&#+&,-./$)'$#01$&2('/)-3&4'15$6072&(%-'/)0$+/&$'82'(-'/,-&$)'$'/1'9&/3&$:$)'$&2('/)-3&4';<$=&/)(&$>'(/?/)'3$6+&)'(/0$)'$@')&A0AB&$C/-*'(1-%&(-&$$D90$EF$G$HIJF$G$4+#-0K)-,-'7L('$JFEM$G$=&/%-&A0<$N'2OL#-,&$P07-/-,&/&$G$@C6QQ$G$2I$JRKMS-4%C1"!#-*+!'"%'"-!"!+(*5*)!)")%")*&%G1")%"4'"#$1C$!0!" )%"%5!-4!+*,'<"H'($%"4'!"&%&*,'"B"1($!"%-"#$1+%&1")%" !#$%')*6!?%"%&"%5!-4!)1"#1$"-1&"!C%'(%&")%-"#$1+%&1< i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a=23af=23ag"%"*0#-%0%'(!)!"%'"%-" 8!0#4&"N!'(*!C1"%'";4'+*,'")%"-!&"'%+%&*)!)%&")%-" #$1;%&1$!)1")%"%&(%"+!0#4&<"X"+1'(*'4!+*,'"&%")%&=" +$*>%"%-"#$1+%&1")%"%'&%G!'6!=!#$%')*6!?%."!&E"+101" 4#3(+)=)>',/)3(7()>@)+')/"'#3($)(4,3(@+,5)3,+)3()/( +!)!"4'!")%"-!&"&%&*1'%&',/)3(@+,$6"0, )%"-!&"!+(*5*)!)%&"#$1#4%&(!&"%'"4'"#$*0%$"810#$10*&1" !&*C'!)1"#$%5*!0%'(%<"H'"+1'&%+4%'+*!."#!$!"+10= #$%')%$"0%?1$"%-")%&!$$1--1")%"%&(!"&%&*,'."%&"'%+%= &!$*1")%&+$*>*$"-!&"!+(*5*)!)%&"#$1#4%&(!&"%'"%&(%" K,&@+,&'3,B("67,(,92)0'<,()3@)"O1",()3()4(?6)(4,3( @+,5)3,+)3('$)/0'1?6)/(4#3("+))/"'#3(7(@+'/"'@',3(?6)( &4>B!+%'"%'"&4"#$I+(*+!"%5!-4!(*5!<"Compromisos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a<" X{6%()<#4Y#WG(4,(?6)(",/3'$)+#/(?6)()3( 1>?%(1")%"%5!-4!+*,'< 4. Para qu evala?: las razones con las que justifican las decisiones tomadas relacionadas con la prctica evaluativa descrita. 3. Cundo evala?: El o los momentos en los que deciden evaluar. 2. Cmo evala?: la manera en la que evalan el aprendizaje de los estudiantes. 6. Quin evala?: el o los agentes evaluadores. 5. Por qu evala?: identificar los agentes que participan en el proceso evaluativo.Preguntas de la primera actividad del Compromiso 1

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28!! VENTANAS ABIERTAS A LA PEDAGOGA UNIVERSITARIA !"#$%&##'($)'$'*&#+&,-./$)'$#01$&2('/)-3&4'15$6072&(%-'/)0$+/&$'82'(-'/,-&$)'$'/1'9&/3&$:$)'$&2('/)-3&4';<$=&/)(&$>'(/?/)'3$6+&)'(/0$)'$@')&A0AB&$C/-*'(1-%&(-&$$D90$EF$G$HIJF$G$4+#-0K)-,-'7L('$JFEM$G$=&/%-&A0<$N'2OL#-,&$P07-/-,&/&$G$@C6QQ$G$2I$JRKMS14,3,5O#($)(4#3(/6)<#3(_V4')&(7(i#<'/+,7B(]``bc(?6)(3)( *$I'"*'($1)4+*%')1"+1';1$0%"!5!'6!"%-"(!--%$<"H&(1&"!4= 0,+)3(@+)"'3#/(?6)(4#('$)/0'1"#"'A/($)("+))/"'#3(",/= ='"0'<#3()3()3@)"'#4&)/0)(+)4)<#/0)()/()4(",/0)>0,($)( 4'!"$%;1$0!"%5!-4!(*5!."74%")%"#1$"&E"5*%'%"+!$C!)!" )%"&4"#$1#*1"+1'?4'(1")%"+$%%'+*!&"&1>$%."-1"74%"+1'&=" (*(4B%"4'!"%5!-4!+*,'")%"+!-*)!)"B"+,01"#4%)%"&%$" 63#$#-(!$)&;3B(3)M#4#/(?6)("6#/$,(3)('$)/0'1"#/(4#3( +$%%'+*!&."%&(!&"#4%)%'"&%$"+1';$1'(!)!&"B")%>!(*)!&"Tabla 2. Caractersticas de la prctica evaluativa de los profesores$)(&#/)+#(+)=)>'<#(@)+&'0')/$,(#(4,3(@+,5)3,+)3()3= +1C%$."$%(%'%$"1"!-(%$!$"&4&"+$%%'+*!&<":1$"&4"#!$(%" V+,e/(_[\\hcB("'0#$,(@,+(N+')0,(7(K,/0+)+#3(_[\\acB( *')*+!"74%"+4!-74*%$"*'(%'(1"74%"&%"@!C!"#!$!"0%?1$!$" -1&"!#$%')*6!?%&"B"74%"*C'1$%"-!"*0#1$(!'+*!"%"*0#!+(1" )%"-!&"+$%%'+*!&"%'"-!&"#$I+(*+!&"%5!-4!(*5!&."#4%=" )%"5%$"$%)4+*)1"&4&"%;%+(1&."&*"-1&"#$1;%&1$%&"'1"(*%'%'" ",/"')/"'#(+)3@)"0,(#(36()>'30)/"'#()('&@4'"#"',/)3( %'"-!"+!-*)!)")%"-1&"#$1+%&1&";1$0!(*51&"B"%5!-4!(*51&<" Sobre el objeto de evalucin (Pregunta 1) Sobre la manera en la que la evalan (Pregunta 2) Sobre el momento en el que la evalan (Pregunta 3) Sobre el para qu evalan (Pregunta 4) Sobre los principios en los que se apoyan para evaluar (Pregunta 5) Sobre el agente evaluador (Pregunta 6) Sobre el concepto de evaluacin que describen Sobre el enfoque o enfoques evaluativos que subyacen en su prctica evaluativaAtencin centrada en los conocimientos, contenidos o temas. Los que tienen clases prcticas: Se enfocan en la aplicacin de los conceptos y procedimientos. Una minora se centra en el desempeo logrado en base a los objetivos. La mayora: utiliza exmenes parciales y preguntas en el aula. Los que tienen clases prcticas utilizan la observacin. Otras estrategias empleadas son exposiciones, trabajos escritos en grupo, estudio de casos, resolucin de problemas, etc. Evalan en momentos puntuales, cuando la universidad lo requiere. Otros indican hacerlo de manera continua. Otros especifican que antes, durante y despus de cada clase. La funcin privilegiada sumativa (al final del proceso con la funcin de control). Inquietud en identificar dificultades para retroalimentar al estudiante con el objetivo de mejorar el proceso de aprendizaje. Presentan dificultades para responder directamente a esta pregunta la confunden con la funcin que le dan a la evaluacin. La gran mayora parte de la experiencia de alumno y de la prctica. Siguen lo que se define en el programa. El profesor. La mayora la describe como un mtodo, herramienta. Una minora como un proceso. La mayora le da la funcin de medir el grado en el que se han logrado el conocimiento de los temas. Se evidencia la discrepancia que hay entre la metodologa didctica y la evaluacin. Las estrategias promovidas en el aula son, como ellos las califican, ms constructivistas (siguiendo la lectura que hacen de Flrez Ochoa) pero al evaluar tienden a ser ms tradicionales o conductistas. Una minora, a partir de su conocimiento pedaggico. Otros priorizan la funcin motivadora del aprendizaje y de la mejora (formativa).

PAGE 31

"" VENTANAS ABIERTAS A LA PEDAGOGA UNIVERSITARIA 29!"#$%&##'($)'$'*&#+&,-./$)'$#01$&2('/)-3&4'15$6072&(%-'/)0$+/&$'82'(-'/,-&$)'$'/1'9&/3&$:$)'$&2('/)-3&4';<$=&/)(&$>'(/?/)'3$6+&)'(/0$)'$@')&A0AB&$C/-*'(1-%&(-&$$D90$EF$G$HIJF$G$4+#-0K)-,-'7L('$JFEM$G$=&/%-&A0<$N'2OL#-,&$P07-/-,&/&$G$@C6QQ$G$2I$JRKMSSesin I\!"$%4'*)1&"%'"-!"#$*0%$!"&%&*,'."-1&"#$1;%&1$%&"($!>!= ?!'"%'"C$4#1"#!$!"aZ";10%'(!$"-!"*'(%C$!+*,'"B"-!"+1-!= >1$!+*,'"!+(*5!"B"#$1#1&*(*5!"%'($%"-1&"#!$(*+*#!'(%&"B"2Z" $)1/'+()4(@)+14()<#46#0'<,(:)/)+#4($)(4,3(@+,5)3,+)3-(H4( 0+#9#2,()/(:+6@,(3)($)3#++,44#(",&,(3':6)G(K#$#(@+,= ;%&1$"+10#!$(%"+1'"&4&"+1-%C!&"-!&"$%%&(!&")!)!&" !"-!&"#$%C4'(!&"#-!'(%!)!&"%'"%-"810#$10*&1"a<"[($1" +10#!G%$1."-!&"5!"!'1(!')1"%'"4'";1$04-!$*1"#$15*&(1." 0*%'($!&"74%"4'"01)%$!)1$")*$*C%"-!")*&+4&*,'"B"%-"(*%0= @,-(!4(1/#4'J#+(4#(+,/$#B(3)(3)4)""',/#/(4#3(+)3@6)3L" 0#3(?6)(4#(,+O#(0')/)()/(",&Y/(@#+#()>@,/)+4#3(#( &#/)+#($)(",/"463',/)3-(D6):,($)(4#()>@,3'"'A/B(4,3( 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30!! VENTANAS ABIERTAS A LA PEDAGOGA UNIVERSITARIA !"#$%&##'($)'$'*&#+&,-./$)'$#01$&2('/)-3&4'15$6072&(%-'/)0$+/&$'82'(-'/,-&$)'$'/1'9&/3&$:$)'$&2('/)-3&4';<$=&/)(&$>'(/?/)'3$6+&)'(/0$)'$@')&A0AB&$C/-*'(1-%&(-&$$D90$EF$G$HIJF$G$4+#-0K)-,-'7L('$JFEM$G$=&/%-&A0<$N'2OL#-,&$P07-/-,&/&$G$@C6QQ$G$2I$JRKMSTabla 3. Algunas conclusiones a las que llegaron los grupos en la primera actividad de la sesin 2k/#(<)J('$)/0'1"#$,3(4,3(+)0,3B(3)('/0+,$6")()4(3):6/$,( 0)&#($)4(l#44)+B(D#(N4#/'1"#"'A/($)(4#(H<#46#"'A/-(.)( $)30#"#B(0#4(",&,(3)()>@,/)()/(/6)30+,(P,$)4,(H$6 = +!(*51."74%"-!"%5!-4!+*,'")%"-1&"!#$%')*6!?%&"%&"+1'= &4&(!'+*!-"!-"#$1+%&1")%"%'&%G!'6!=!#$%')*6!?%"B"&%" )/"6)/0+#(@+)3)/0)($)3$)(4#(@4#/'1"#"'A/($)($'"Q,(@+, = +%&1<"H&(1"*0#-*+!")%>%"%&(!$"*'(%C$!)!."+101"-1")*+%" V*0%'1"N!+$*&(I'"Yabbh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bZ."#1$"-1"C%'%$!-"%&"#%'&!)1"#1$"-1&"#$1;%= &1$%&"%'"4'!"&%+4%'+*!"-*'%!-"'1"*'(%C$!)!<" k/#(<)J(1/#4'J#$#()30#(@+'&)+#(@#+0)B(4,3(@+,5)3,+)3( +1'($!&(!'"-1&"#!&1&")%&+$*(1&"+1'"-1&"*')*+!)1$%&"*'= +-4*)1&"%'"4'!"-*&(!")%"+1(%?1"74%"&%"#$%&%'(!"!"+1'(*= '4!+*,'"B"+10#!$(%'"+1'"-1&"+10#!G%$1&"-1&"$%&4-(!= )1&")%"&4"!'I-*&*&<"81'+-4B%'."+!$!+(%$*6!')1."+1'"4'!" ,($,3(@#4#9+#3(36(@+,")3,($)(@4#/'1"#"'A/-Tabla 4. Indicadores del proceso de planicacin Qu se evala? Cmo evala? Cundo evala?Para qu evala?Quin evala?Cambiar la creencia y percepcin de que solo el estudiante y lo que l hace se evala. Incluir diversidad de estrategias. Hacer sistemtica la evaluacin continua. Integrar la funcin formativa: evaluamos para formar sobre todas las cosas. Motivar al estudiante a aprender. Dejar que el estudante participe en la evaluacin. Integrar la coevaluacin. Indicadores Si No 1. Planifica la evaluacin conjuntamente con la planificacin de la clase. 2. Planifica el proceso de evaluacin tomando en cuenta el nivel de dominio expresado en el objetivo general. 3. Cuando planifica la evaluacin considera que sea: Integral Sistematizada Continua Participativa Retroalimentada Contextualizada 4. Organiza y distribuye los momentos en los que se efectuarn las actividades evaluativas en cada punto clave del aprendizaje. 5. Planifica el proceso segn las estrategias de enseanza-aprendizaje y las actividades empleadas en el aula. 6. Toma en cuenta los niveles de dominio expresados en los objetivos para elaborar sus instrumentos.

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"" VENTANAS ABIERTAS A LA PEDAGOGA UNIVERSITARIA 31!"#$%&##'($)'$'*&#+&,-./$)'$#01$&2('/)-3&4'15$6072&(%-'/)0$+/&$'82'(-'/,-&$)'$'/1'9&/3&$:$)'$&2('/)-3&4';<$=&/)(&$>'(/?/)'3$6+&)'(/0$)'$@')&A0AB&$C/-*'(1-%&(-&$$D90$EF$G$HIJF$G$4+#-0K)-,-'7L('$JFEM$G$=&/%-&A0<$N'2OL#-,&$P07-/-,&/&$G$@C6QQ$G$2I$JRKMS.,9+)()4(#/;4'3'3($)4(@+,")3,($)(@4#/'1"#"'A/($'$;"0'"#( 7($)(4#()<#46#"'A/B(4,3(@+,5)3,+)3($'")/B(?6)(@4#/'1"#/( 4#()<#46#"'A/(26/0,(#(4#(@4#/'1"#"'A/($'$;"0'"#B(?6)(3)( +%'($!"%'"%-"(%0!"*')*+!)1"%'"%-"1>?%(*51."#%$1"04B"$!$!" 5%6."%'"-!"+!#!+*)!)"74%"&%")%&+$*>%"%'"%-"0*&01"1" )/()4(/'<)4($)($,&'/',-(D#("#4'1"#/(",&,('/0):+#4B(@)+,( &%"%5*)%'+*!"74%"'1"(1)1&"+1'(%0#-!'"%-"#$1+%&1")%" !#$%')*6!?%"%'"&4"*'(%C$!-*)!)."+101"(!0#1+1"(10!'" )/("6)/0#()4(",/0)>0,(6(,0+,3(#:)/0)3(?6)('/0)+<')/)/( )/()4(@+,")3,-(!(@)3#+($)('/$'"#+(?6)(4#(@4#/'1"#"'A/( )*)I+(*+!"B")%"-!"%5!-4!+*,'"-!"%-!>1$!'"+1'?4'(!0%'(%." %&(1"'1"*0#-*+!"74%"&%!"&*&(%0!(*6!)!"B"#1$"%--1."!$(*+4= 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1"#"'A/($'$;"0'"#(@#+#(4,("6#4(+)#4'J#/(4#3(3':6')/0)3( #""',/)3G ]-(I)=)>',/#+(3,9+)(4#3(",&@)0)/"'#3(7(,92)0'<,3( #$1#4%&(1&< 2<"X'!-*6!$"-!"0%(1)1-1CE!"B"!+(*5*)!)%&"%'">!&%"!" 4#3(",&@)0)/"'#3(7(,92)0'<,3G(#$)"6#"'A/($)(4#( 0%(1)1-1CE!"B"!+(*5*)!)%&"!"-1&"!#$%')*6!?%&"!")%= 3#++,44#+(_@)+&'0)/(@+,@,/)+(#"0'<'$#$)3(4,(361"')/L (%0%'(%"+10#-%?!&"#!$!"-1C$!$"-1&")%&%0#%G1&"B" !&E."+1'5%$(*$&%"%'"%5*)%'+*!&")%"-1&"0*&01&<"N%= +4%'+*!+*,'"!)%+4!)!")%"-!&"!+(*5*)!)%&"Y-1"74%" *0#-*+!"!"&4"5%6"+1'&*)%$!$"-1&"#$1+%&1&"+1C'*(*51&"

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32!! VENTANAS ABIERTAS A LA PEDAGOGA UNIVERSITARIA !"#$%&##'($)'$'*&#+&,-./$)'$#01$&2('/)-3&4'15$6072&(%-'/)0$+/&$'82'(-'/,-&$)'$'/1'9&/3&$:$)'$&2('/)-3&4';<$=&/)(&$>'(/?/)'3$6+&)'(/0$)'$@')&A0AB&$C/-*'(1-%&(-&$$D90$EF$G$HIJF$G$4+#-0K)-,-'7L('$JFEM$G$=&/%-&A0<$N'2OL#-,&$P07-/-,&/&$G$@C6QQ$G$2I$JRKMSB"-!&"#1&*>-%&"%&($!(%C*!&")%"!#$%')*6!?%"%0#-%!= )!&"#1$"-1&"%&(4)*!'(%&."!&E"+101."-!&"!+(*(4)%&"$%= 74%$*)!&"#!$!"%-"-1C$1")%"-!"+10#%(%'+*!Z< f<"9*&%G!$"4'!"#$1C$%&*,'")%"!#$%')*6!?%"!"#!$(*$")%" 4,3(,92)0'<,3($)(4#("4#3)(@4#/'1"#$#g<"9%(%$0*'!$."!"#!$(*$")%"-!"#$1C$%&*,'")%"!#$%')*6!?%." -1&"010%'(1&"+-!5%&")%-"#$1+%&1")%"!#$%')*6!?%" #!$!"*'(%C$!$"-!"%5!-4!+*,'"!-"#$1+%&1< N%")%&(!+!"74%"-!"#$1C$%&*,'")%"!#$%')*6!?%"!"$%!-*6!$" &%">!&!"%'"-!"#$1#4%&(!")%":1#@!0."S<"Y23af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esin 3 BC,!.&*&=(2,.*,'%(7'26"%#$'),*#$'-#)'$6-,)()'-()(' 4&:$"$%#+"%<$7C.)C"%(F"4#".)F"%G7-%K&$G".)F"i%4&%<$)G($& -($?"%D"C($%#+"%(F"4#"C);+%')":+;-.)C"%-&I$(%G)-%GLH *#/#$'("*6(+,$'/,',=(+6("&D.8'E$*#'$6-#.,'),F,G&#.()' -&I$(%-)%4&-%GL.&'&-%2%4"-%.LC+)C"-%'(%(F"4#"C);+%B#(% "C.#"4G(+.(%#-&%(-.7+%(+C"G)+"'&-%"%4"%(F"4#"C);+% K&$G".)F"id" :$1;%&1$"a c!&-%$(.&-%B#(%)G<4)C"$?"+%4&-%",#-.(-%B#(%-(%$(B#)(H $(+%<"$"%B#(%G)%<$7C.)C"%(F"4#".)F"%-("%G7-%K&$G".)F"% -($?"+%^T%(F"4#"$%'(%#+"%K&$G"%)+.(:$"4=%'&+'(%.&'&-% -("G&-%<"$.(%'(4%<$&C(-&%'(%(F"4#"C);+%2%B#(%4"%(F"4#"H% C);+%-("%'#$"+.(%.&'&%(4%<$&C(-&j%\T%)+.$&'#C)$%$(C#$-&-% (F"4#".)F&-%')F($-&-j%`T%)+C&$<&$"$%4"-%@NA%C&G&%"4.($H +".)F"%(F"4#".)F"j%aT%$(.$&"4)G(+."$%"%C"'"%(-.#')"+.(j%2% ]T%.$"."$%'(%G&.)F"$4&-%G7-d0% :$1;%&1$"2 D#(0)+")+#(3)3'A/(#9+)(",/(4#3(+)=)>',/)3($)(4,3(@+,= ;%&1$%&"&1>$%"-1&"$%(1&"74%"*0#-*+!"!?4&(!$"&4"#$I+(*+!" %5!-4!(*5!"!"-!&"'%+%&*)!)%&")%"'4%&($1"P1)%-1":%)!=" :A:'",-(s0+#3(+)=)>',/)3(#@6/0#/(#($)3#5O,3B(3,9+)( 0,$,(",/0)>06#4)3G(/Y&)+,($)()306$'#/0)3S($'1"640#$($)( 3)+(=)>'94)3(@,+(0)/)+(&%0,$,3($)()<#46#"'A/(@+)$)0)+= 0*'!)1&W"%'($%"1($1&<"L!0>*M'."%-"*'*+*1")%"%&(!"&%&*,'T*C4$!"a<":$1C$%&*,'")%-"!#$%')*6!?% Objetivo X Subcompetencia ZConocimiento Y Subcompetencia AConocimiento BConocimiento A Subcompetencia: Corpus de conocimiento: Lo que el estudiante debe saber. Habilidad cognoscitiva considerada como necesaria para que el estudiante domine una habilidad cognitiva ms avanzada.

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f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abla 5. Lista de cotejos para evaluacin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as subcompetencias evidencian el saber hacer de los estudiantes para el logro del objetivo definido. a. Los saberes identificados son los que hay que saber para lograr el objetivo. b. Se complementan uno con otro. 2. Los corpus de conocimiento comprendidos en cada bloque son los considerados imprescindibles para el logro de la subcompetencia correspondiente y llevan al objetivo a evaluar. a. Los conocimientos explicitados son los que son absolutamente necesarios poseer. 3. Es posible medir cul es la situacin de los alumnos respecto a cada bloque de contenido: a. Verificar si es posible evaluar el bloque en el tiempo planificado o previsto para desarrollarlo. b. Verificar si es posible incluir todo el contenido, por ejemplo, en una prueba o diversidad de otras tcnicas y que sea posible evaluarlo. c. Es necesario dividir los bloques en otros corpus menores. 4. Los bloques de contenido estn en una secuencia educativa que es justificable. a. Es el mejor orden en el que los alumnos deben aprender el conjunto de su competencias y conocimientos establecidos en los bloques identificados.CriteriosIniciales integrantes del grupo

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34!! VENTANAS ABIERTAS A LA PEDAGOGA UNIVERSITARIA !"#$%&##'($)'$'*&#+&,-./$)'$#01$&2('/)-3&4'15$6072&(%-'/)0$+/&$'82'(-'/,-&$)'$'/1'9&/3&$:$)'$&2('/)-3&4';<$=&/)(&$>'(/?/)'3$6+&)'(/0$)'$@')&A0AB&$C/-*'(1-%&(-&$$D90$EF$G$HIJF$G$4+#-0K)-,-'7L('$JFEM$G$=&/%-&A0<$N'2OL#-,&$P07-/-,&/&$G$@C6QQ$G$2I$JRKMSTabla 6. Recopilacin de actividades previas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opiar en esta columna la progresin de aprendizaje: Objetivos, bloques o subcompetencias y el corpus. Indicaron con una x cada bloque que se va a evaluar y escribir a un lado de la x la finalidad de esa evaluacin (memorstico, comprensin, aplicacin, anlisis, etc.) y funcin: Formativa Sumativa Redactar los indicadores de aprendizaje a partir cada bloque (evidencia necesaria para verificar que se desarroll la competencia a evaluar). Enunciar tantos indicadores como se considere suficiente. Debe considerarse lo cognoscitivo/ procedimental y actitudinal). Nivel de complejidad: marcar con una x el nivel segn la taxonoma de Bloom. Escribir las tcnicas e instrumentos seleccionados para cada momento segn su funcin: Diagnstica/ formativa y sumativa; y en coherencia con el nivel de complejidad y la metodologa didctica. Usar los documentos como se evala cada tcnica... y Tcnicas de evaluacin en el aula u otro documento. 1 2 3 4 5 6

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PAGE 39

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q9)/)1")/"'#(7( /,L)1")/"'#q(Q#($)(44)<#+(#(4,3(@+,5)3',/#4)3( $)(4#(3#46$(#(4#()>':)/"'#($)(<#4,+#+(4,3(+')3:,3(7( 9)/)1"',3($)(0,$#(#""'A/(&%$'"#B(4#(/#06+#4)J#(7( !-+!'+%")%"%&(1&."#!$!"!&E"#1)%$")*&0*'4*$")*+@1&" +')3:,3(7(&#>'&'J#+(4,3(@,3'94)3(9)/)1"',3(_F)++)+( f(j4<#+)JB([\\dc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f(j4<#+)JB([\\dc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PAGE 44

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46!! CUADERNO DE PEDAGOGA UNIVERSITARIA !"#$%"&'%(%)(&%*&+(,!"&'%-./&0(0)(1'+2%/+'(3+'4%(56(70))08(569(:.'%#&+'(;%)(:%<0'&0=%"&+(;%(>.%"#.0/(?@/.#0/A(%"(B&&$0;%'"+(;%(1%;04+4G0(H".-%'/.&0'.0((5I+(JK(D(L6MK(D(8$).+F;.#.%=N'%(MKJO(D(P0"&.04+9(Q%SS(D(<6(TUFVJ Entrevista al profesor Jorge A. Tallaj Director del Departamento de Ciencias Bsicas#&(%"%?%0#-!$")%-"84!)%$'1")%":%)!C1CE!"Q'*5%$&*(!$*!"#$%&%'(!"!"-1&"-%+(1$%&"-!" %'($%5*&(!")%"4'")*&(*'C4*)1"#$1;%&1$"74%"&%"@!")%&(!+!)1"#1$"&4"%'($%C!"B")%)*+!+*,'"!"-!" Q'*5%$&*)!)"%'"%-"I$%!")%"-!&"+*%'+*!&">I&*+!&<"H-"#$1;%&1$"S1$C%"L!--!?."74*%'"%&"%'"-!"!+= (4!-*)!)"%-"9*$%+(1$")%-"9%#!$(!0%'(1")%"8*%'+*!&"RI&*+!&")%-"8!0#4&")%"N!'(*!C1." ",&@#+0)(",/(/,3,0+,3(363(",/,"'&')/0,3(7()>@)+')/"'#3()/()4(;+)#($)(4#3("')/"'#3-( P A S O S Y H U E L L A S

PAGE 49

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50!! PASOS Y HUELLAS !"#$%&'()$*+*,+-%./&).%+0.%1&+23+4*,,*5+236+7(%&8$.%+9&,+7&:*%$*;&#$.+9&+<((*)+=>)(8*)?+<@*9&%#.+9&+-&9*1.1A*+B#('&%)($*%(*++2C.+DE+F+G3HE+F+5@,(.I9(8(&;J%&+HEDK+F+L*#$(*1.6+M&:NJ,(8*+7.;(#(8*#*+F+-B1$!-<":%$1."#1$"1($1" -!)1."%-"'/+-%1")%"#$1;%&1$%&")%" %&(!"'4%5!"+!$$%$!"#1)$E!'"+1'&=" (*(4*$&%"%'"4'1")%"-1&"#$*0%$1&" C$4#1&")%"*'5%&(*C!+*,'")%"-!"$%!=" -*)!)"'4($*+*1'!-")%-"#!E&"B"%&(!>-%=" +%$"$%+10%')!+*1'%&"!-*0%'(*+*!&" !"'4%&($!"#1>-!+*,'< r"F!"+!$$%$!")%"8*%'+*!"B"L%+= '1-1CE!")%"X-*0%'(1&"&%$E!."&*'"(%= 01$"!"%74*51+!+*,'."4'!"+!$$%$!" #60,1/#/"'#94)-(D,3(4#9,+#0,+',3( )%"%&(!"+!$$%$!"#%$0*(*$E!'"!"-!" A'&(*(4+*,'"1;$%+%$"4'!"&%$*%")%" &%$5*+*1&"(!'(1"!-"H&(!)1"+101"!" -!&"%0#$%&!&"!C$1!-*0%'(!$*!&" #$*5!)!&<"H&(1&"&%$5*+*1&"#1)$E!'" 3)+G(4#9,+#0,+',()>0)+/,($)(#/;4' = &*&")%"5!-*)!+*,'")%"$%&4-(!)1&." -!"1;%$(!")%"&%$5*+*1&")%"*'5%&(*= C!+*,'"B")%&!$$1--1")%"'4%51&" #$1)4+(1&."!&%&1$E!"#!$!"-!"*0#-%=" 0%'(!+*,'")%"&*&(%0!&")%"C%&(*,'" $)("#4'$#$(",/(1/)3($)(")+0'1"#L +*,'"&%C/'"-!&"'1$0!&"AN[."%'($%" 1($1&< [($!"C$!'"1#1$(4'*)!)"#!$!"-!&"+*%'= "'#3()/(4#(NkKPP()3()4(",/0)>0,( #1-E(*+1"'!+*1'!-."+1'"4'"C1>*%$'1"*'= 5*$(*%')1"%-"g{")%-":AR"#!$!"-!"H)4= +!+*,'<"H&(1"'1&"@!"#%$0*(*)1"$%+*>*$" %&(4)*!'(%&">%+!)1&"#1$"%-"P*'*&(%$*1" )%"H)4+!+*,'."#!$!"%&(4)*!$"+!$$%$!&" )%"H)4+!+*,'"P%)*!"%'"-!&"+1'+%'= ($!+*1'%&")%"P!(%0I(*+!"B"TE&*+!."!&E" +101"R*1-1CE!"B"p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w//,<#"'A/(7(i)3#++,44,(K')/0O1",( B"L%+'1-,C*+1"YT[]9[8BLZ"23ag<" H&(1&"#$1B%+(1&"+1'&(*(4B%'"%-"" *'*+*1")%"-E'%!&")%"*'5%&(*C!+*,'" 0I&"!0#-*!&< VX.B#&%4")N*4#8#*3*$/.('&"&%4# 4%#3$%4%(/"(#%(#%,#-"+3*#&%#,"4# ?'%(-'"4#3"$"#,"#JK?LLW DG: "N1'"0/-(*#-%&"-1&")%&!;E1&"B" 04+@1&")%"%--1&."!"&4"5%6."#4%)%'" ($!'&;1$0!$&%"%'"1#1$(4'*)!)%&<" l)/)&,3()4($)3#5O,($)G r"81'(*'4!$"+1'"%-"#-!'")%";1$(!= -%+*0*%'(1")%-"+4%$#1")1+%'(%<"" :!$!"%--1."@%01&")%"($!>!?!$"%'" $,3(#3@)"0,3G(6/,B()3(3):6'+( +1'"-!"+1'($!(!+*,'")%")1+(1$%&" B"%-"1($1"%&"+1'(*'4!$";1$(!-%= +*%')1"-!";1$0!+*,'")*&+*#-*'!$" B"#%)!C,C*+!")%-"#$1;%&1$!)1" !+(4!-<" r"9*&%G!$"+!$$%$!&"%'"+*%'+*!&" #4$!&<"O%01&"+10%'6!)1"%-" #$1+%&1"B"(%'%01&"B!"-1&"%&= >161&")%"#-!'%&")%"%&(4)*1&" #!$!"+!$$%$!&")%"-*+%'+*!(4$!" %'"TE&*+!."%'"P!(%0I(*+!."%'" R*1-1CE!"B"%'"p4E0*+!<"F1&" %C$%&!)1&")%"%&(!&"+!$$%= $!&"'1"&1-1"&%")%)*+!$E!'"!"-!" )1+%'+*!"4'*5%$&*(!$*!"-4%C1." '!(4$!-0%'(%.")%"+1'(*'4!$"&4" ;1$0!+*,'"+1'"0!%&($E!"1" )1+(1$!)1."&*'1"74%"#1)$E!'" #$%&(!$"&%$5*+*1&"%'"%-"&%+(1$ #/>-*+1"1"#$*5!)1."&1>$%""(1)1." %'"*'5%&(*C!+*,'"%"*''15!+*,'<" +!$$%$!&")%"-*+%'+*!(4$!"%'"TE&*= +!."%'"P!(%0I(*+!."%'"R*1-1CE!" B"%'"p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r"T1$(!-%+%$"-!"*'5%&(*C!+*,'"%'" +*%'+*!&<"X+(4!-0%'(%."(%'%01&" #$1B%+(!)1"#$%&%'(!$"!-"T[]= 9[8BL"23ag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r"8!$$%$!&"'4%5!&"%'"+*%'+*!&." ($!%'"'4%51&"%&(4)*!'(%&"B." 04B"#1&*>-%0%'(%."'4%51&"#$1= ;%&1$%&<"H&(1&."!"&4"5%6."!>$*$E!" '4%5!&"-E'%!&")%"*'5%&(*C!+*,'"

PAGE 53

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