An inquiry into the causes of the insurrection of the Negroes in the island of St. Domingo


Material Information

An inquiry into the causes of the insurrection of the Negroes in the island of St. Domingo to which are added, observations of M. Garran-Coulon on the same subject, read in his absence by M. Guadet, before the National Assembly, 29th Feb. 1792
Special title on page 23:
Observations on the insurrections of the Negroes in the Island of St. Domingo
Physical Description:
1 online resource (32 pages) : ;
Garran de Coulon, Jean-Philippe, 1749-1816
Guadet, Marguerite-Élie, 1758-1794
France -- Assemblée nationale législative (1791-1792)


Subjects / Keywords:
1791 - 1804   ( fast )
Slave insurrections -- Haiti   ( lcsh )
Révoltes d'esclaves -- Haïti   ( ram )
Colonies   ( fast )
Slave insurrections   ( fast )
History -- Haiti -- Revolution, 1791-1804   ( lcsh )
Colonies -- France -- America   ( lcsh )
Haïti -- 1791-1804 (Révolution)   ( ram )
Colonies -- France -- Amérique   ( ram )
France   ( fast )
Haiti   ( fast )
History   ( fast )
History.   ( fast )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )



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University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 65331175
lcc - HB151 .M35
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Full Text

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University of Florida Library


I N Q, U I R Y








MXi G A R RA N-C 0 U L 0 V


Jead in his l/f..,e 1y M. GUJ IDET,


I 2"92.

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$ T ER a ontef I of ive years, between thfe Fridews of i
L Juftice and the African Slave-Dealers; the mbraf, phy-
*, 1 poiUi evils'; of that difgramefii trafjck, h v-:bee* -:
F 4 elop^.4w *itained: to the kingdom at large.' The.
ir~ion gf th 1@s been' followed by the glow of hlone .- *
gntipn~o. ^ e h q6iip of the people has cp1ed upon their,
;iflatQrs5, p away the national flain. C- 6noa2ted in
r bol.gk,i S ai'd refuted in their argumenits,: the abet-. "-
,,of/this' tt8de3 ialro6t withdrawn themfelves.from a
lg.h wxhyi 6-oWer ewn weathns ecpUed upon thm o. "es
iS nay b6Okyie marked, that thco molt expedirtius method
Qraiafp^^O tfi^^e SIre-Trade, is to read thY
^w~eEt'^e^ ^ -;- :*.< A,'- *
Q Ive

#;q fox up am p,
incis to Wien v.pidiefre^,'ia^ a
r- padtizans Ofths Trade,,lioW'.yQ~fintf#t# 4s ofyo Weft ind~ian- Jandi6-let h e of diet

9a pa* ~f Bptletij b 'IktwD1 t v tfh 1', qi u 6 r
t/Weit'e rk'pla~e ja fc..omingo ap1ly to^ ih :iW h
wbtj~e oe-dip ^ntljixi'bo~fe, pfCoirbn i^-^Werekefe'* -. '
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dbntrb es the confequ" ce of an Abolition of the Trade by
he French --No--ren the eloquence of Mirabeau was im
tlu intace inefeeual., Were they he refultof.e' ula-
tio s made by the Afe&mUy for the government or ftef oN be
Sa es ? No: for the decrees of the AflemblyY on this fubje9
Amilormly purport, tht a" u regulations on that head (ho4l4-
oriinte with the Planters themselves." If dtofe dreadful
dif d~ers are chargeable to the National Afembly, it it be-
cauf they did xit interfere:.-becaufe they left the black'
labo*rfrs in the iMlands at the amercy of thci wmafters and
aftchavlng declared that all mankind were. bom equal, Lanc-
,tiwin e acree that-gave t al lie to.thie i principles oftheka
Of e fever pieces that hayve made their appearance'I
thWS e, the address or remonArance of the Deputies o1.
St. Imgo to the National Affembly of-rance," caplsbrZ'
li, ar notice, But before we proceed to an examinat.o.
n t cafes of the enqrniities xt records.let us be peiitte "
a kaip pn the awful sceness that the Ifland of St. Do-
/ S te Chibited: the pi&ure of- thefe outraged k.:
rms eed the moft frikig part of theonarrative in queffiion, .
'The e of flungaplantatiobna the burning of
t aghter of thet Whites, by Letret treachery, o r-
ipe ilt; th-e orof violations- of female chaftity the d4& ,'
outionpf al thebonds of fubordiaton, and all the attac-.
ments of foicty, contribute:tofill the dreadMful etch- "
Are" x eie1eoomitiesto'belamienited? they flyare. Cia':-;'-
they extite our wonder? by no means. Whatis the ftAte i._
the laEtiringnegro ? Is he aota being,bound owbyforce .
laboring under confiant compulfion ? driven ito complete hi..
Sta&k by the immediate difcphine of, the wh. .-Are afci'i .
letyand forbea cethe refult-of opp Son and ab? T
/ tWhin the native ferdoity ofAffica is Tharpened by the kveen.
/1 refe of long continued injury, who 1bal Jet bounds to i-4.
alif n de fo-- ce, +- blP'*--of ',..'ot -* .' "s.

Agaiin, how have the fierce dpfiplitions of fAvage life beeii "
S ouwttera&d or mjipvei,l by.the example of theiMWhite Sn-.
periors? kefia i wys juhiflable where free is theub
= ftitte of right ; or is the commiillon of i clvii cime pof.ble ''
/"t in %sate of flvery. Yet 40e- >ent 4t hate beato
STraxnfatd iatoZnglifli and POP*$i ed'=kr tOwb6 eo"f Pukatuw,
ePisnrtof 114 InfamveaShf 4te Nwraei i*,#
ft. Daivhi." It i' frarcely ncergty to obrerye, .thit its being piinte'- *
(in Frainc) i r of the Xalhngl_6!i a si it no additional :
ticlti being a meafore always adopted in papers of lntNt itt iii.,
or-id te ,l ai, ppfj?.i

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... ..."- ... 3W now tin' "
'h exift& ythe abuh ofV the a lave-holder, are fch a aturein
ofa a. ow often havh thefe wfortuiate being* beh
feiilows, beat, in faiie and reraion, te bar of -sn-
iroB eagei in wbh they were potued to paff in inconceivable=
-Aembbleextreeoftheirexiaecerl X ivtaiknmlonrea
fthet wretched glands a oluiae i being has refigncd ehifz in
'isthe toAnentacofiae owtacoufumiugre? tAn f n ftaace
, o f an aa&*fo awFully atrocious, ouix Ht Ibr pwroa the <
. '': -comiti thiat could futefie i(:. ^'tt e oppreftbr -tlus ea-
tfors A s authority whan Iantbe the ieis of tbns fuerert
... bfent tweet 4i Mi i or -* i P mttr. .L,
ho, thels torib heislauon of female chain ity we Utaee Iho inoft
S*4telahle? eXtraae of brutality, and, in te eftiiaio ofy fea-
., *'il~ky, lie 3oEof life is preerable tojto difgracem bi t aao-
-bu 4engls ot confined tUh Ah capacity of a bUBh, noff nb lity*
0 o particular form, and feature. Let this aeco ret then e-
tk*fettd between n te African Trad iv or are eiiano Patethe
m swhocompeu to 1w emthrace anwallitg objef&tof w 14;
the exafpezated Slave, who gNrTie by this Iatefl&a '
Saot his fusity b*but HskAfemaar e
a-But let n fuppfe, that athe fenf of lhame is incompatible
; 'with a b lack complexion, and that tBae Ncgft cooUl witaefi!
^ witl ot emotio m the gro*,*abu1e oft iobje& of at v fataC ion
le ft us fuppof* that the uananaral 'punllhneiats before mciis-
tio"' an Se of the whip was unheeded, because i
.t ^mbaifce sildqmt to be the uiiuaediate occaliwil of deathx y^
. the Negwxlt$~ other j;xaaa lea before his eyes:. A difacntioui
h ladadfen~awoaft the Hdestof t'&e Savres ; thibfe who had
; beforee wJltae4 inioppreffiag them, wprrnow at varance amongft
the fervcs. rhey had proceeded to open violence; whilftilie
Slaem ^ r-e event with flreiice, though not with iAW
en One party obtained An early ftaperifodVy ; teleader
.of the iveaker nu ber was taken& the negroe were (
U;.ttorsbf the death-o 0'amaaat*hepatio*f 6ti~ir
and who was broken alve upon the wheeL Tweaty-five &
Wuis fQdpwena %hared she fame-ateI IfAih fcolqmlo^Kt i of
Suope. educated in the Aits of iinroved fociW and a" I
''Ing tolig= In can.
vagto eelteprecepft of a MWl o ecu reli"w,ca
foretathe rW~ua e, oaght
'Ate to wonder that the African'bu" fendi~ tp the pattewx
imdifp u prV~e uwthhir Pttpe
the planter is deeply i e opinion is there inculatxd,
44atif ccedeA sOjaM aa. vpou, muft 4944et the ifands
x, gnuA n coa


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-. eonftane Teeneu O? cruelty ld baood e: ere.o -
the SIvwds wlh& had been Moll kfcindly treated by their ia1eas.
Swere the fat of the l.farediion; "that '* t.'it wak SiOy-h ah
e ltrayed, atd delvered-their r'Jmane niagtei tofheAflaafl .
fwod" &no fea ced an& lir3iret.p tq-'revolt the gaiiii-4i -f -
to f-ddityY Heaitht :,ye Plinterg 1 and if there 6be- ..
afigAt ytarit%. to1fgulaly flio1I h as-to har*oai lrktingfen-
"inient of huniityi let him; Ar bis flwn safety diveffi himlfiW
of h Withoiut loi of -i0if e !'- The Negto is being Whote .ri p
pure-gAdv difpofitiblis are not inerely eiturent -frim tibf&eo6t ifie
European, theatr- the Aevet'l oif l~en1.'^Sf I dnefi Kson*
SpaOonexciteinEistbreaL "'ipnplac.l,-e and'deadly liatreil f 4hu
hi. es,.ah ii~uts, aitf'abafe, HeiAet~egri.titua-ae ", on ..
nd inviolable. attachamneiit; ; EJpon: thi ndprieipa -we" S.
enabled tol reconcile ant ap enit'inconfit^&cy in A-dS.&irefe
t (.f Slaves, we-a~teiiibnfand, ?wefe RiIff found who gave~px'oofi '
.. Tf an fuvmcciba .defityi anid w35o. made mnanife thteirdetermii. \
i=diorin teteft'the fedui'o fihofe-who would with promia.
ofliberty inveigle i the to ertametian d ixE on."* Ifjehui' n&
iity of theiaiafer olyfia the apdpeti ofe eve ; Is it
S dicult to dfcOVer by Vhnt mode 4f treaire~lthe riTedfhAqi.
afthefe Slaves a fecured'? e grateifl, ye aPliters,. to the ',
ban wiho ha :at length difioed(tthis inmpvortant ruth and '
4 admire his- coiUae, wih has -,dlrdc %y.Avw it; etenln thae
Sbofotoftf nation devoted1ibDrt!; y ::.,'.:
But the horrotsofthe fitugter increase. the Whitefather -
-falls a vf&in to the tnnatuifal 'ragr of Mit Mulatto in **.-'roh
Have human crnme their orig. aindt qaulte mi humanwsffrs .
'. r ,. 6ra etheyifcitid by'fome ini.ant. deimon, 'who-p ofpeling.,
i. kifem f tfrty 6 cup of akeiono the 'una'.wartpaursou "
S "its contents, aclnd lUs-it' ith aobn.? Atas t we- vainly feel -,
in iAble the apology, oSux O own depravt and uinnhappily tfe:',
cafs off tof*.tranfaibaos, which Ziuid fcarcmeet.cesdiit&.
liry- b any'other patt-- df/the globe, are in ihe1reions of
guilt too appareti, Hbowever th Author of nature aiy hiv
inlfed afftion izinto the briaft 'ofa prct, asW theamean ofi -
-eferving he. race froi:.delhouixon, we laaff-allow that'thf
cqrrepOndxn fenjiment in ,th miidj, of the ok'sprhiug is merely
the. eftCt of a long coatinuedi cotrte of care pariality and-".
tindernefs. Shafl the harvef then rifet vpiifiout feed? and .
'hereiio foridnefs ias beelhwff-ii, flahIll aiil attaclmaents b' .,
/-x'exjfaed? it a country where it isliy no men nvidiualior
the known children of'the winter to uidei rga an i.dThip '"e
nd tAe igabniniy of Slavery, in-otnm witit thmo9 kf]-. A
-aa- ,
ParWu!*r Acpo. tpr;' .

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$i thsudaori$t -v

iiu61 of t40l'{ lfttt b ,let it not b1 thoukhtthatIva w to.':, -: .

: rottofed e 4 l ty ,otefyA tot ,tpa it&#'
j W ''eo J A
iA L bud 3>'

S ,daoded e -ahod thatO U,, in
tus davualitn to I fo thepniay a nd e' f- e r -a e
?"half ^ cae"feit

1 's o f ., : .**,ma Clar'iy ,(it a ii 'f.A. 5 *' '*.. ** < ,*? '. ,
r e .a ibtlyerti e xyaP pt tr ha <]ynes -.n e t :- :. c, w ,-
-t0 the &!ilretnthe ^Ainat4ri them 66 ErteP-twa

b ^a the? a ts h t to a.ppty Qftc*fCafiter> ;..; + .
S tA on iol.y tpre d f tiie .ies pJi.ome ).or .t .d i.-: ,:; o -
ed44 r 6

CMIp tediftir coftgt&e. p unrrnth- w eauiifA -

otid je aofort60lhie 4i k tthtaTa, thiderfie na~m of
tie Aqfdi 'gafrs.o;ra -if 'we crediitd vfuanrslid~fv the Ne- /;.;;,
C^ieda beAii'tfiq w~ib fidace and, 4fiet4 hte vfis~t~iiiteQf **,.
I anatity jer4ALJ R Med uSery6na Wlth:
It.come itow tbe a eentofmtheir" ofte /Ado4dialtou A 4
t4ie Wlxrnwts, isf-vin&Ive acfteli h tl h of rglanlt die pt 4
'tes irden ofN'age, at lta n itav4 .the Ne-
4 vdrciyiifla epl 'and M$i io ery
: iabbr'caicubate fc c6 din to 6 A4 eafch a d 4*;.
innw conetn nr qy tachit bwtUCBLC Q in teate q
A ol a o fieptinfecurity tic4 thik. -
teaai0 aftlr WE BIS Aad nttrtii euIEa tfo torinfesf

A isast ertou htftnfid ince and oEtiglane; e' -
^ ~ ~ tu ranchifed wheneve-^.-i' -' I_<- ...r they medwd it.A ;'*^,'

" ' txu"muRh, iawny ]a AM"IS #t fann.p WI tU --, "
"idMd nitcomfprthend how emicimpaion44 i^ cu1d be'thebi
"'-reward /tn~txft, weveSlavery-was aftte of happiaeSA^
w 4 of :rthe Re*t*o %WiJrace, th,,Socity ,
C' uofffrted oat ieaftnmet ofl emtnivc i en -
A ~ djoofetieirwchtdrpwi a&iteantbe -
ihepi S4 fo: theyight t4 i# hanco et TE
p .34fti.ttaeck, th& id td uen', the baift asd it u d
13- ,4elig. -Suck, wart th c tSlOS* aim- peatedind 4lfro
*.rde -:a"4141' f., o-l.' '

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virffit*trougttho rIc ht agb h tt the Advoca'A^r* "A -
don of the Slavev Trade- France, and which iteabettor*
Sf thattafick inEnand, am, defirous of tifrfring at tbi- -
ri junau to finds of that important meafiurhere.
The prelude of the Remonftrants is filing, their 4e6dufei-
tion is bldly made. -The purifunents due to the anthoriof 7
fach outrage# will be wvM liy conceded& However they may
& kare frot the world, or from themfels theiir real rotives*k
the mafk of philanthpy, they cannot fcOpe the iodi"-
ulatmnOn of their countrymen ; 'anthe treg*bry of thme. me
th^ey employ, fairly majrkx ont1ihcriminality of the eanl at
zqChthng only ii wanting t' eaige with this Crsta :
e isvAmis iufeirS,_and thi dip *hemonffmince does not fhpeply-t.
the proof that they have addoptd that couxtrkofcoadt& un-
jpted to them by ti&p Co9oroftl-' This defet cannot be toni-
CAWted, either by the atrocity of'te crime, or the vui;l:O. .*
oad audacity of the aodu~kdon.. -
Had the Society in-Frnc^ beeb n i.canfe eo the
Sfthe Colonies, where wsm 'tAhr dlicicult where the icmpre
yidety, of laying the proofs of it before the Aflienbly *kd4i*be
1Wbld Was it ucceffiay )IeA tiewn that- they hadi aimed at nothing left fttn the oxti-
pation ofthe Colonies? :Certain; however, it i. that allwe
can collet bi this head from. the publication in queftioib in*4
Atiead of attaching the imputation on the lbciety, evidently
proves, that the diorderia i had a. ierent eai.e.'-A cauti,
-vwhich it is as evident the Renionitants did- not toae t ivo&.
Slight, however,: as there pretepded indications ofguiltlqar
-appear, they 6ught not topaf$ unnotced. They bear wIW .
-'1tiwm their owarefutation. "Like the giants tharwarred agrfi
.- eavei, every flone thrown by theie Z cha Jpions of 6ppreliOn, -.
iexns deftinedl toet with W ouble.-weight Von tbcw. 4 -
. *iu cads. .- .-. : . .- -sf ;
I The Society, fay thie Deputies, &kehod of the3D5ecai-
ration o die Rights of Man:. this immortal workteittt t*-
qgrkhtil mAN, but &cab, and, therefore dan:erous to
our regulaiou, e n with profufilo Intoour own Soloni
The journals in their pay, or undef -their jiAueiee, p0e t1i6
*ecimfion vent in the iiidff of our gangs. The wmiings' -
''the Amis vss Noxit>'openly announce, thai the freedonaof
&the negroes isproclimed by the Declaration of Rights..
~^(iferble ufift ofWjuffhce, rapacity, and opprellou4 Tii
Ae eviden of their own freedom, the ColJnigs of St Do-
condemnation. yimt a afiron of tiW
4c--t-A -SU
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mg a as day-lgltt, was in the wietched iflauds of Ami6ca,-
to give a candle-like light in the refideMce rF the
Tlaater, wbibf the poorwaid defiitute N irowas tfit o m
T&&ersinf ~ l W ~ t i 5f u 1. ~
T]1,6 &.9taraotiorfw teRigh~ts Maig,- w"itfee0ns ieut
with profiiwon intotf e ColoiaeW, but the Aiclaracbj of th-. :
S Xight 6of Man, was not the work ofHte Jubis "An' rs X
vwihtpevr might, be its cife, they weire nottherAre i ver- "w'-
Aible for itf cnajuetnces. As a coa kutenotpaft *f the domii-,,
j aoa of Prsaws tihe laws 'of Fifwk were propery tpanA- '
:-J.^nftte&,'ib St. Dmaingo. But it appears fivum no tlidemce, S; *
*afertioiiof tdie deputies, that Ihe.awx 4tfNwirsi Were
pref affie6 dm odbtheM i fin Um thiflar with worlt
which the Colonift in the faie breath, .execrate and applaud;
which thq regard as the chaxfer of w lierty andh e, 40
.' ? caBeof~ag teir 4lftrefifc. **.* *' :' .'; */ -.**
.B agaui, hte,writings ofAthem mis? I 1tit isad, L
opeity announce, ",that the d th e
4 "clad by the Dcaaino ih. fte&H Ihave wade fpinid a counimct they hav. e. i Irapei11a -
their tite. .a it nece~fliy to prove, that the fen fltner when'd
k;the di w ki -the hour? If all menbe boieqindly fre -;
; dtet ihe Coonil prove the Ng aot uoei; nd the 4M1
patew* fettle itself I.t83cvoie ofuatueaiu4d oftruthsG
S ever lent, beciafe the Coloilfts QA U fome _unfortttate uadTveaofAffict? |
$uch however, are the proofs, and fuch thei4 aulwiititcy,. *. :
i-xpo which, the accufations agaiuft the fodety _rIbwided.
This defre&i attempcud w be remedied, by adveihihg uo %bne
Axrefions, whicbjiunn-Va Ond violefPt dbate" that have -
~~aguateewt4_ ~1eNtoi b~ arke
the virtatns inlgaation of it. members-"^ -~ teC
,n ies rather than we Oihodd betray trpriu lcpIes,"f laid bneof-;
lie Reprefeintatite.. Perifth the ipi ecsame indeedt*
t the fignal ofUblood and 106anronP but zot au4aoogftle
the Negroes-it was the Planters, who feverel thefk words
->from their coute"t, and made them the apolgyof tei owii
ei eormiesq Be juA and eat &rafs 'fid .e.lAbbew :.z-
Wiere. t"Wchoofe rather to be iuAjut nd liveiila
zh'-eColoifts reply. :1/
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*" With inac~atafiaadon dw ieyliae dsai to crqwa fnrie f -a of
1gei nity, with having 614 ?e6rFel h ComInies rather thaiin a ?inrile '-
S oula fberificc *mln4 they dare. themfeles rat tah," ?eitwthi- .-
'Colowws raztlwr a twe Jeiid gnrt to IS People of Coiuar the xabs-*i'

sarve I"' ", ~M .~~ 6g*D* z

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-t 'I 6itmyrtaferi 6>- notevfewof.lei
:i(Bfnded ~almniesi. I Jia~ieii t& more~intoortant ta1R ti ; ,
*atracingoe aadlthaces t..Dboimovotu their ongm,4
p tfuimh teir pgrowc f yFevel ope with tfItIa, thie3 wifi be
heffmo1t efl&ftal aafare; -,to -the aucudatics of thec D'piafesl
Zetftie, however,. fer& -bAhiowe ,to readex ore fpeeiic3 ..,
*ardoom I have before mad. It i& tcr the white CoIosilla
i&=e. jt axe to, attebuta`the isfortuei 4f tte _Colonies.
Y ^*y lkft Pialaris fpID6 noac hdIs bmazen'hul, he lamented Widyth&
^:~ eiit it s owa re M~afa ag tldii6. -The'
have relatcA'nfgiices rocity ift 4r ^ me "
rafieabr, aar anioffonncd 'te;, aul I wiMllfoou rn p iii
&roeous^ mqn~ner*--It was. a. W^b&ite~t JfiriE~ged a 'R^
itia alurning dven,-WMho daIhcdiil.&t thIp thrin$ 6fa:chiii
1^cfit ceda. Slave,-,
p erah-Yhe~ tart enGnlerlhfat a- to Acog f
sth BaibarifY ofthe revote Sans
lc i avepriffied on thi's faolpoodAyii bse^ at 6ieryi I-. I'-
Aihe bone Of there ibbinfethat nature lnid giireri to
lfffti&s, -'an& you fcnuder' AS:tisson ixf~ceirvta)ean
latis& Mfajife thecnp"'o leWhi Wat _F
*waofrhkeoHeA They are the offsptgof dei6tdin jwhift tofe-1
-ofth- Blacks, originate ixrthe- atred ofSlaveay-the thiit of
'4iegeance. U p, Poliphy ibaigeabe? wvith thefc hdrjis.'?
Does-1hne xequkx-, the hloflI a; the -Col6iiftfs ?Brethieri4 e 2 K
cnes,. bg-jafF-ha beneficent-LIand yaoA4whl ero -Xtopat
*ery2, inui be aiaetcraofoe e <~ir&etrn&Iyr angfit npwn etntcib
9 th vlpyeducedeeyiir. s
&known, that b'^pArtdo of the oio
Pblters eFSt. Domingi coitft f, ree plepf Colou
thofewhhla ve fibme mxture -Akicafi blo ef
-tim comprends 91emad,0a 6 *ofIcpxuplniftheiige IE
.-^aou inayof clart"Ii~bitat^^ .4
di~iioi ha alzys Zgosily dhi~d t. -he 34V

.eMdlthe nfiata dlpfproeinptaonY 4 N A-
The effe&eof this arrogance, W~rejiot,';howeve*, ip nsi..-
ta the Peopffli If Covour bfutthieH cons^ea,-^e.
; ftnvS the taineus of^euderinu.themffe~ires ye~ctedable is tlthe~yei
^S~hirsi Enr6s.~rcf)H,!ien~ii ,2T ywese as reow~rkcati&-
6 if L n-e- *-* *-_o
S~ecIc*% Stdifh;tb th in~AwA1mib~y, thfleceniberir^*,

4. "- / 'V ' < ." *

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&T ^rtfriadi ufiisi^',tbrpo gty;eIePb r< ..:

*- The -. -
d B,--anchoud&,- C march -tibtt the
l -enafit~ra-onug fe-a
^/^oa~l)- stud 'fca*W i-no war,?:
< ;fth -ithe coleainpd tio of t&a French laws: -4 inter*i 'i
"^ I= Coloa&a tng #60d tiP f.eaa~il~~tpi*'. ?.
.- Pfietors#-B cvicda rt="W inTy werthe: re6g" th* .I
vri i f e w iiol~ edge" Thd Whit WColon as thet.r 4*
'fijtaqnclladhe'camiot watthe-ittout the3Ptc i vofhii .- *4 4
5;At epochal$ 4s Mr.s unfitasbr a isiteCoaa fw ^ l a o
difithy r"acelbapidibp biande e ofjr .
.rolheour, brofthedroB'4and twn es~efrlypotra wuhont

th- atteniOn l oftiix ritmercl ths 'ft.
etors.-,My C~d~ aufi1cwspXW A tWe~~65 hU

^ '' nqmt?^tleaft aS itraiqn ,as fcih a ^AfcrD. pie4,i-w iv '
equait.y Twiticas acknoh cklgaamy&e -fairttedt *.
. itiatieontte tion; That ituahtiiA e of the igraeutce-thit a
-a a ^ yIcth one pan' is -torpi whMgOaw at*ea Is. ifta a
TicAedimteiferencedof haerNationalAnfi;bly lhc opleoE
Colo trd ilesbwas bt ahi decrec afthl Sa t bf Mair&r
SinJgfef -the ipyffdg C1' "^Oie earn o trab ted tohe*' '. 1 .

att ^ndendeio off. hc Coialtuei A^.cemkiy~ thfits. w ti'1 tim l wa
pe't. Poitite tiealty- o-lale btej. u .t:y

S* i& fredecfthatu0on. re Ta aeinianevihtelakto
L .fVt1yicWU~prt fl~,U 1VThiJa b
~iththe ~ante moionso($t 'Viue_ dsthe n
Te1~tint4o enco thee NaSienli Vt mgffiz, ,

^fhe b eofClodiewas b r idea,.thM ije -!ii
.* 4$iichu Pldanters whoeidendy, tha tit grlb h ere r* ietyor -." aj_66
luol Ouficaiooiu''cll d ctio tofb Appigptso wk
: X~i ;"Yo eople. Rf.Cod appai&=t^ iiaoan olxftffc~ upon ^ , 1.r- '-*^
of .**- '* Cooo 2i.-,_ CO 'M^ )Ir CC, QWU-w i -* .-.
X h qoualitye iny~uof 1:1h i.cs'
TTUS4deci E,-h gli in At&4 it ga e n ~cr -~ ureius, ett

:P petterof. lnloirwas giwde d wiB tNfh I j uions 4eVotr tyhk
4 i1Xio ..Zfal evietly iggpnw rthbe ge~a~ iyo
Caso e1jp17, of vO8. Te
4ee, 60rtweyert Jduf
oe? lae f. Coor at p led fo com o%2,n : Po
m i' fae1 V itwist ffrifo* ~ ttela W'e e J
1*' tci( of M. ffa t 1eat e-oaEe- Ae r. h esd insa *tni i~3e Nan 'e by atireiuiilqE .-'*

nuabj~ewres,, an i 4w cttontpbaUMge' cuiwe 5 a t ed c-Ctfi:l$-e-nf *'*'

~J, z a yis ua nuiopi(a leu 1 rr ffdBfr Iepr avaftagis atsachie 1. is jpa144es..'.;* -'*
'- 1t UiIch of Mr.KnoB ~ii&MZs 1791 '
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liiftaio-tbar\Airembieir- Some commotion enfuec,
W" they aut Y fell a fac e "to their prides, aid the*,-
MtfiUMfIcE WTh I iArx lirt have not been aocufed of any
SiBrferce in d difientions, to winchit is howeyerpribabl^
s a flavesfcswere,!cat inattentive.;
Tke & A ceghin excited the vigilancofthe Nati
Ai Agmwty. The teceffiqty of flbae definitive nani-intfii
,:,B parent; but the diBqulty aud daBgef of too ioSeataitb
Si ftst twas aot =efs fo.1Ju orderhowever to relieve th'"
,Caows from any ApprehftAk that the Fr==hCopfltUtio0f
ieWded to be enfored is 4t6fiand, o to a llbite or.
mcimi*t the condition of the laves, a decree is pa d 01
t th day 9f Cober t790, by which the Aftc!j re4
SaccOftitStipnal article,- That they would egabfiix tioreu.-
laos refpealifg the interuial goveo ffp*-d t6h I- tke
%iPit th, d precise oan formal "itcn te 'Colonial

is a decree_ the Cobwtuen*- pMulA y not, OOy dir-
:l aiufc re 4&^ y?'ioI:eetfaniy hzture difclrQoo n
i C tUi^\cQ~di~eit^ Sylbves.; 6tt, as'ar *-ftV
.-&i "pthe 'iands_ of their faccegmbr from abrdig reief
That. Oevoti race, or rifcuirg them fiuno afy tyeaaIR
li/at aght be exercifed. over themn They wes delivered
aWr ti their mafticrs, who were at once -their gaccugrs.
irjq gu a.d their executionej ; accte for their i
7, toi to aI humnau'power. So far fi ppofg the 4
fw ting the authority ofthe.Cotlonifts, Affbly bec
Raccoaplice in oppreioft, and rout aaies offreemerftt:
inahuzaitM the reign of deoli~n. All wssin the power of thed:
-'oni; and if they had nly maitaied maiity among
tb dvcs the blood of the %cgroes might have cried to heaven, i
Fi ance hd for etvr Mit her eyes to their fi&frings, am .
tpher~ea to their laJieitiao ns.
Pea was wt, however, tie confequence of this decreea.
/ MAei propritors, it is true, ha obtained legal right of tyxan-
/ .Jiuio; but the unfrtuaate question filt recutmd, Who
/ Anld fbe permitted to pxceicikethat right I" On-this head the -,
/ decree was 0lent.. New diftf":ao6s apfe each of the parries
/6 'coverect under afaaioux patriarif_ the moftatrociou efigns.
A.f. action and -revo became frequent. MaiWuit,. a FrenchLI
oficer of rank, loft his life by the hands of i own coun trymeaR,
The 4nforcunate Og6, a Planter of Colou' who had exerted
imfelfin France in the cauie of hi bre refolivad to fup-
port by force their jut pctenfiop"s. He l Min the aniftI
terxtoiy, of St. Onigo, wherc he a9=,kbled aow 6*00w fi1
'tow,. Before he proceeded to iiies;'le wrote to: the'"'
.-*; '. .- ', .'** -'."' "' '? eB i
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^ 'his Second A'l.iwhich decidWd upcMn Xtsigit that sW,
People of Colour had been entitled to, for apjiards 'opceci.
i turytj infiead of reftorizg peace, may be -oufidired. a tlii,
cau, or rather the potn; of al the fubt(qnent ev i thami
I ft colony -of St. D)uig9 has fuftaied. They arofe no--,
Sindeed from its ce tgon, but from its tonitersaion by ... :r
White Coonil. Haay, after the wful warnings they ha ';
already- experivinced, te A ordinances of ia alfkmW 'f
theypretended to revre; had they itnabibed' one' drop of the, i
True lpidt of that conftitutioa to which they had vowed iA*
di olablt attxchreut i had AI3ey evert fuppr~Uhd the diaaies oC

.- *11 iutm men pt1t I ed -vee m lu'on-t et afflsoer are! leglie -.
ehufc. .0gftA mart martyr delMltbe'tae I& Ili cartr tout, it-- '7
P or lui, siunite, juall scedft Lc 1 conMcrAt rac*g; r'infamie i -
SctnplsrB~o o.Q5'clleftrfleij*Umaiitcuitlefeih.tyr*n. ,..-< j
' p_ i" Sp OkaaofMr-r.ffot,%frtk -D1vemb>erptj.^^. '
- -'This de*e after all was tot the extension, bt the Jre;i no ot a r
',fises.. It wal afertedt in the tatloal Akemlly that of' too free i.'..
'.-q f irvcij a ojld be Ifurnd who could qualify untderthi ke- .
,recl~ of r. 1iwbcdl, 7t f Sept. o&e i7q.x

4 V



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yrenclbenerlyithsdfre was'fer peca~4cdl 4iclm '
were entorced. His letter wias abfiaud coofedwd a Amin;- j
Tatiox of war. ]Beng attacked an&t t Y4ttAedhetook raliig.
inougft thpadalrds, who delivered hii'sp' to his ad
The liorro of bb deatB wemeibe hvu trffhtof cnf^ u
Thee 4aifturbances igi increwEia^, the Naltional ASeuAjf 4
found itaieceffary, it length, t6'ia ide between tIco3itWi^ m
.pnrtioesT uong and vidolt 4%bate w&oo pace, in which 99=4.
Membeixs ho had on othet oecafi ngnifiicd themfehesb I 'r
their talents, and their piauxifii, opofed with a degfee it
wartfh as pertinacioUs as it waS incOafiftent, the psifrtfifl 4f
tlie Peole ofCdour. fleit' refinance wasq*,We,-
;cW ii~i l Onatieb th e. firi of Nlc G^~~ s70, i 04
f4. edthat'6Fthe filofOftober, f fasirifp a^^w
f thbiriflaonds. r is vaw that the wordjAwi wosca'id j 'a
omitted inr"Aocument, and they Am only chara&eed ibry
4he egadtive deAfriprion of #* men intfree,^ AsiE qhtf i
_y^ &i pe on a play 9f wprds, or 4lapod~ ivc :
^ aiftof the decree =0;; ithl ittke11,o to 1tho *
it pa n without eren ieprmenfi*o from f* e
inombirs. The feco'ificird efW=1ing t w pOk
: q -a teift Thofe who weiie before ikw iby
.atrfoim divided- ipon it. It was, hoim, ;'
detrminitt tih A*ie r that the People of Colour "boni "t
*^^ee- aisents.J* b lo* inered tah a n&w citizens aii4
'tIieiell totj6bft~eescykoivcrBuentinthe illands. "* - '.. i





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S' u ^ ein quga!{zat I- .e aete4,t oip t
late, -thy haA played. aa of ."triot i4,n pr.. fe, ed,
thenifelves froi all po.ibility' ofdange -. per.o ^ '
St. i thp e .quAwlti ofaothe Pe qe ofCroIt oin theirim-
table .iges of tbe1aY 'Whte" ColoHyi:'i.Tld 'cendaonb of
.\ '. flasdinihthave IoI1ltliae tmwtas 4ftliei ji&ers; but th
tred of a depot isber wred.i 'y .ie-Eiiwpeananim "BtW_,
j $litey vnerpadoiiov wjh .;hjve done the wrong jf i*A
le t oft o, erqo t hy' attqW b Mo "o , :x -
4 and thei crfiqn to Afien o6defee.ds front enert t
.'- eeratio. No f16oner' A.thef"Atcem ap d,, tha eptie', t elads to th:.NaionafA"AfembIdtl 4reiw thoira-itn.
dance.- Theeoo ;CuuiteiiwdysnerfheBCnu *e
of t hpaUntrsm ficnde& fhedieaxburs.. Its .aniaTv inte
4ufleand fruCak the Whites Aith cbrilteruton*. *the# r v!wed h
hci~e their ois the-ysrtb~ Othan b.eblyr ,t execytioh ofp;f
decree.' Their rage boo4ered upon prey. TEfe pioed
Adtolnprifon the: ]Fenchr oherch-ats then in't oeiilahd- tn. teat"
4'Aowu the NafionaLFa, nd Hioift the 9440i Stpl dar4ia ,
.lacf Who ft aIte jioe of, iti" M laMtoe. w.s mng-e... with
S .pprehentfi h .wand wt.fea, -St o. DomngiO rech ditn
Snes iof the Whites, With their- e facs,,Baw thWeir ba1nteie-
-gaiurt the conflitatin > nioon s-md& ntIlreets to..--
fite upon the Peoplq, fC0lour;who 1d-frox.Athe dt ail topk
fefuge van the; ulantatio~ of their fi'p4d;, inin the wooiis.

-ffreflenornnites. ABnidfb thfea fations the (la'vesdr.hi
mianied in their aetcufo~m CuBrdinatqo. -IN or-was it til fhl
oonthof Angft, x, tha.tthe i5mptoms of the infufteo
appeared amogft-them. .Jf -'te otorietjtf th".f' t-
qire any..eviencet inybe bb und'it the tfthe.
!olonjil Conmmtcee, in. the leasts of Ihtr. Sln~heande f,^: si
S thwfpieches of the oeibrs of thealfe a b= i* blicado*

/;Vieletters ofM.B~n~chc~htq -iie d atlde tAffemntr, zd 'of
> Aeirfsof-thd Syndickfs Cof aoharoberof Coniftere ofKoch toead,
*the 7tb of Septeipberi79i. *
Spee&opFM* Bbffbt, ifof DeccBerri?7r,
-' .Thleltter, xhus 4eIribie the coiineccmeft 6f the infnrreAi .' -
On of AiguRtilbe Coloaikl Atfmby reqreate&.iyi Ief4"
ths'exam 'atiof* 'fFevexaI peroiis, as we4, WhiteO a& Blacks, w-hd had
b qu apprehcde4 by, the patrolei I was (onvinted- frorin tbxit OepofitjonsI
that a cbnfpiracy was Formed agaipfthte Cbloqy, an4 pwticularly igaef.
theCape. rieanez imctatou the night nV the f.ieday' ft wasiiitnsd'-tt .
'egra~fqverat wldVlin~ eaFrihe.Cape~anit~ aiffareaU,. te WIhites. OR

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''4 ., C 1 ..- l ,'' I *

r^64jaf teft rem~a~ts. roifiaiInsbttliP --"*:.11 '*
iteks Poplp of Colofr had 4o& t1A ligfM
iot~oa;freforztc^ sha4 tirciiic^(i.<< $
7T ofAl4* M)ev^-inknf.kk fA epr


4q .fi^ tbQC^OitBtqktb~o^thaI*1W^MpniilWnt .X^
; hroen the Colonial Oepur~ttoe, though ever attentive to
s mepe'efuxsg iWol4dcs wle, blpstei 4 4to
:cauLe bt tMe isfura " f ionvws n b Addre&o 4f rr atipu,*pm '
.. oth~tjnteaixr espiccss, they ickno]l
b^qie t uce4 tq 4=4m o the intorfenwvF ihc ociezy ihfi

J~f^ iQ^rfartat' "4at| qpIsidge;^ni
S.. :ai4otrag? i apjapearinmtht wotings af the Ais Wks No',,.
At j~a4fflt to *ai4t# what b# bheq. kheir moral influence;
V hicherto thlereuno evie4ncq tlat t -dais de Neirs hAcvo
-icited AiefvEwpaki? wq Mire found 4il the acciB&tonsk
aia bp6y proof."
J -

wo4 4tbf ::lt fp^- l..",\- fr'-.n-. 11* c q b*k *f d r
$ iwyitr<3twgsbxafo)rnioa.that Many 4( che JZa4) hbourcn *|*"
*'Wterlt4 a ^4ttztTayhitpMlbcen put to deach -

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ambd oftw.
~~ ph.^te ablP A t ^mherity jk'^A&f to^ E' &usufitw Elc M-^^hg^iB^J^^^
P.pB *1 0.hw "a~ agbi i _A. ip j^ U*_ T iwy ^
hvmto 9Th1 -f aom -I ft- -,

fttu, Fdrm-ara~i UIK~wM ~ thi were -e m~ui~

wot -itMeoll -6m; -and %be Whit. e AT*
onl -to h> *Utlii5job SOWN!".e~t *itra
eiefre alhef. ebrm icth to Ld. titeii'aOa

aot ise fcmWt uudAG= Wtet- tieath mini ifces 4=4

bmr. Afou; wet, %*aE cekomedre twere dw of -the
Negras ii Mhe ath Anof th P.#eofCer n.
oke. y ck YvaoUg tedmy -buthuiiNuilM fcii
forght flya cowomde .f Cokwtw win *fieiot~tw dtou to a

~uu &pulati dwthir fawour. -. Poi~cA AkI ~b.madioa bow-,
ever Al.wW to a Modiul4 iusa br't a day let7 c4tte
t4 wit thi dauk ad h*i a bimidged etaN*N.g a
bouldae that =*Wintheug in th e .o&W '1r, wieh
the fuiNcrings flcoolof brute. Uder urwCwa
uieccffuy foi the Awt obi urtcry ot m tfle efroe.4ab-
e> tkalh Wdeen~n -todwt the wff o tdrM|h tmdmtW
t. ed wert a utheapy and han inreit buace rf At uetrobla *
;**' Ixdage hat wlxBOtinep tig iof otfireaal~~ i coseragi'

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tIt ~eple 0* cair^".'
to meliorated the maw-
\amts~~~ Hi re ad*;t6
did note'xtemd."., An"'
which, if it iia! fbohr
ion. Y'fu. nts
,idodn rfed; an -,the

-ge nthots

4~ 4d'.t1i~ ski

~ -

confcquate ws,*tb' -the -ort 13S tttl q tees 't-,c 9
FP c 1fpe Mean Metkk o

rItillthein iefto As C iVAru ate n the
AdeMyed ilFttdei to(; j/,)vcre intention
a'^ ;*taS~wariwc& ^wa* epreje#Mtt~rccctpopB, ai2& the. it-
frlt *iat'Achwai-MsJ)cfort bhcn itgted, *3 far the White
id. hiicceced in tieir aimWsThe
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X w- te ,& -t iA eteof:Co. li d takd

$a_;" eno*dait _at+j owrcneudare^ tk odatw .n U. o,
of A th of M i''pj:WW b-cauW ofeothattN mihze *'&.t

+,++ ,. +he-+
*^ ^-'^^t .Wbnedtad tli nlblive ntanhy dcafiot4 Baxut n& ,.
kt ;^usadhean6 n'c deIigble~*1idrlf cn"ow an;ta4

"- ::++ *-ifl^^^;wieletfeeatnceft bfh&.aW ..+ ,* ." ;.:w "
o, \., tthofMay M41eW l t .-" .cda
A-he Iewo.ft thie-tlioE:e ia PirMThd ^SeiyeB : ;-
P ": f ..he "iLa& if Colour.we win nanlr ~ent:.d46.r 4th. l +t .
W^eto^^Otliae&f&TOati~pitao I
bewytcd,6L that at pfulmeibditeat' 4 .o i 0* w.
Srity-a iftu in ab&QjdSCe'- Fai,
4! tdd' -Cv Gfiixtl At#. it was paired A
new code had *4n.prc todlojA417, Iwo
was.te. fit inf-ingem-nt4a4
F$c iin4 c rtv4tnw ntficti6fii UlVdcClsft

:. :+4. :-o e "lo+ lfeyoImiAm++:+'+++ '* '' :"*'-

i"th, 6 M.,e4.Ma n t fr: ^on'. .. -*
k^^oiioilttof&&gxoe had^ 4 \apa4,boCt
.4e wete gttifth ^;at4hw th

. .fthAt ofth. zjof September; tey frmay 'r e tse
f~ V.' dm f epI

++ Ceacrdat, u.and treabewo It efutd t com jiihmtq age.v-
,/ w+ *menf'towhic they owed thei vq exiltace People": :
+ +-a.fColorwki~tw i arms; they at~eaked, .ie.W'hite in' bc S ot., 1.+ +-),
: ".i :tborW.Provhtces.;ttiypoflfeffed themfrilvcs o(FdrtZ. t. Louis, :'+. + ,:
nd. deyfYd xheir. oppimenai-fieVetam c : .* Ar ''
S, State. the frroundd .P.-45aiu-Pn c, the ca.ita he ^ ,,

cl.+. iratfs a cxccuuon do. .ecu cmes kdu. fe-ont (sacsl pmr lts Af.embicsI+ +.. ++ ''
: lonalq. 1. ." :
-" 5F i e" arMfoonerfo. ,tK Dec ber, 79 nd.of Ga ',' 'd-o,
^iui~ttr~f,^ eya,~ae VftiV de- *:. \"-'
;. Cree--<6 t6e 2z4h of S8eptmbi ler; r~yonnagi r'eCcd Oe^ h *-

t Coulordat, and arch l , "efiie. t6 comply v -t -. ,
nt toa C' a de h rabls t eia dam. 1 inferanak. ea odo+bilos, qol toh,,
f C6oiic weote in Coaordms,q they attacked i laWbie rmithe So-. & : m a a
:,,tbcrn^-Provfawis ik'ey pofieffd 'tbemfelves of Fbrf,t. lowli', i .' *

*ahd-..... Si- i ."pe c-'h othf Mr. ai ggot leot. ax i .
mi,.pwrful body lurrounadcdP6rzai-Prince, thf capital tof theo*,.
,fland. gd. chimed the ex- cu r._io.f. Q 'c i"stf. .4. --',( "' .+ -

x'+, .. ^ ..,1- -' .- .' '" "' -aw ttT-" -" ".
ART. . .e. 'io one crant t 'desPa.snis .. re . r 1 .. .
uitqu "ei ,/ d C & -ejm 4 ie+ i,- a '* .' ''" ';;
- d.;+ ," ,+'_" ecu ,on d ;ce .memesl* fii-e*" pi I A m,. c+ s I :+'- *o+ -;:*- ?C

+ + " +ol o n ; < ; ; ." +' -, ." : ; 2 ,+ + + + + + + :..; ... + ..**. + + . '+ , i ^ - + * ,,
t"~ g prkcti.ofM. Fjaucbet, lPth'Decmnhbedr, 1790, ixnd.of M.Cr~asde :

, +.=^. C -oulo "" "d M ch -7 + .:. .+ + +. .+'+' "- + '-+ -- ,- :,:- -. i .9 *' **+ .
". '/1^Ciite des Troablcs eft dans rinffic vrn~l tdes blaloi^^*' iuk"' QCiiohyali4M iConcordat, quetro'i fois ilv AvbiCntjowf le inniiittiari : --;
,; ,T '" ; *- S o .Bno t-,' , .of Mr.. --b.I.q -,e ,

it . ... " "+ :+++:" - *" -+;-." *[ + "
*' . .. + ,. '.' ". + '. '" + ;- / + '''; \ *^ ', '

' *; ^ '.. -. +.. +,+--;.t -.,,.' <. -. >+-,, '* ,,' m *^ ;" ,~^ ,
N .++ .-I K

0 ', I( . -,' - ,
rfafaetiU^ -~K w A e .#~ z3,. ~m 4A t tJ~f~r~ ^^ heeri iIAS~x. l
a/ d4-A W aiiai* til

Wtt tok^dxd1imnt ay 4xe Ct

,Ic ;Ov a o(1Biur .I ;a in t
to wam4 oer thewciolubty Aia4J-t -e
--In~b t*A ~bt~
4- tk ji qdtfat, ?AqhAao.#f Mo
A.-k tha 'JAiMC y*

-, -i bynoftzing3
ewsigm fecimrf Aiimc^ feei~iixo>~tel^
ae~IetiTa~tIU zuvog&NcgrgipithA~ .~tmpk4.l tomt

~TheyAvA~fttOIQ~3-t ~ -tl ,$ 1xirre'.1

f~~~,v ~ ~ ~ ~ k hezc awIk~y~k

\ 3tc. epy tgo E- -uds* :1,
att urU(t i wiapt-ap m w tte.5r !i~afe aia~^
-1; A..oFr r ?Tcuiea-eer~f x1fey, ?w
i~~ebrds -~~f t ii &ioifeto&(tsc6n efiy^to
* ,S c~e Z &d -I -~ ~ bareie.d xd JB^ t: N azvS>c,9cpE -
* 'e -M R^je~ aw~ tIan tct L ar~cP, fa~i~e dd1ICII

- p;.a a~f^ tl a-&w ns 4:itito 5Df7e^. t *t)
I ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 ie-sfeon^ .- -".-----'..-.^" \.*'*;**y-'-

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~ Atua~iiui

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; l- ':< ; "'' -^ -/ - .'-,---' C;'^ *

-* S -;* -- -


S *

'l ^'fl

sac is tie e pertfent &aec.itcf athia
-Pitpnfasin tothwyrqlacceipf'the.'thit

. m ftt the latte re, i ippears,. ttfli:
A -ftil ocewtincg eerf terve itWele&a p
h&ArownABui; 'Cihaffibedbiat-nil
A ofi-rtoamiftheyn o hnie3toter 'e
t areantftate ifo iiivai4ate ?
iprce the prete deade&bt ff the .2
ihen the ady6mctes of p~ace, t-raoi(
atrhoclte1s dcfign, &hriik frQt the .qu
then by the DP itlei .of th;Coloi
ofthz -Natioial Aflyibr "or fibaIlj
cqnvii6n of truat Y- intake
have placect'reancl fwovdin e.lianij
joillat'ehive lig~hite he'toredi that'


prompte ie i brutal pafins of which your f'emaes bave .bfn
the hapldsi Niims.: wh have k Id led iyp a. yoi -Obfti, -.ih -,
ivolcno ivhich Jwa already ciered t withalhesi arid wiVlper-' -
-- M( 2 ea e i . r ...'. t.; f -i'i .hiitoy f
,p ~m +,J^ ]-no^erg ,+=.+h .: .+ +,+ ;<4 -: ++ lt ,& *
thrfedifm ori-rsdthiertofinpea h the p ote+ bf+the a Abi-A
dton of t& -Slave ',Tradej+or- deter t zhe tifliP t ,li x'
... ,from iayllrlMidering, and filly. deciding+ on tlatrimpait~f-.
.Micaf-e itwmillaford inflAruioneof a different future, ',+. -
iifiedin invetatemaand it wff6 feared; iireincdiAbIc' prj*-' .'.
& "ees, iti miay l'h-w s, that fhe Colonifs axre 'ot:-the.6& 4,
jgdyes even If their own. inters C it ifay .appzife M -of the:
dAzi teve of difenera-pfuciplcs of nhbfsant I' Iitteicej '
r -Rvrible and t di 1.y-denofta
jtt ;-that .te prefcrvagion.ofr, ow ifttds fivm fmi "
i. titrs3, dAepnds ',on. the, jarly adopfinbo meaurei, 4 +at
-W h they .are vigorous. and'decvep'atejpf,; ,oncilaOry _
S h'dumane and may caion. us, tha.t where we' Ch Of '-t
.o.fpa . ,. ,+
- wllaiila JAqcitr.oftf zc Ir .p-. ", 0 Of e .0
. 9 ,+' ', -.+ ,, j+

-4 ." .' *'", .- -A ,,+
; .
4 -

94 ~
A ~,
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ostta whickfJiav&?' *'
lThbe Lflened., ^
Lt AaflttnbgtC&.

Item tint~ jAng^c'
e4,ihet inhi,;ftc-.

#08lr. Mirabegu, ';"
! order to dq: ~y,.

'""- -
AfJ <4;'^

I *'
1. r :

it ^

ri4'<1igie f~bw~c%?.wth~tu: S^ |ii
^ulthdviin lwags fbr- obtakist<-g:thc i{*** j*'*
^^^s^to~xi^ i4Wfjs p j -
r^ v.* -. -* -** ^ -,,.'- ^' :-.. ^;..--; :?; ; ? < *'
\ '' '" .. : ^s'*4*>,* "c:iI/



", 2 4- f

q. :m~tq*--m urel.
' -:4'7 -1 WO t?
4fl"'u^ ^1tit^ ^e-r* or^s

*f- .-7.^ ^ i a J jt-'^ '.. 1, -~ ,

.ptad.tkbisiabI^ItcyM4 GvAprbeT^rlbtdie tNation4d .,>'.^s

'TIE gSacounts r~etevctof tke^ wtaocestin'tU~to.--* ".; ,- *
,*;j|,-ininar indoeubtcdly Itavo us OTixiuch-;tCr~~;. uace:nut

2^ot kjE^as-! bytcamwuj nmatters maturely,< ^! .'
thia 'ye put onr~w vr9 rar^barl firn-fPa^

.1 **~

f 4 t ; -
' ,; [ -' ". '

-*'* .. '^\


*~ *;*~


.3pari~g for thi atoidi of his meaturir at fome future
*pegodl d there is ondyvif& fthe Atnerican States where the
trafSNs tr already 'abodfhe4. 1et us tl3e aittbt.the
f tft'rbiles to the4-onno vftouniteriev6Ittion pvincilesi; and
igbve'all, the MijufMi=ee of ivhih f he -whites have ben
-, .T1"v m~ifre inag~k~te ~Mu oos~partakfof the ileflinjg of'
Iii JJ~ .; sad 1afily totK ovff he decree of thexintbT6?M Have we notin the Con,
'Siwvt Aul~~l, fe ~ ~d~rs raisa feC d; P-eople
cw~n eleia fern~hIvgs s.ii.-A$ jtVo pav7il&'tTe *ay- for
the repeal ofthat ddreG. h&y pre'pnig'6 ti 4prisiir ofiti~e
,. usJh~dth e~r~toi~oftivngnon and. the
". Canp of Jak&s 4k"eXti&' A wlndisap4 ^the 1Liegeois, ^|e
?P~eofr rCo~oar ws 'iapcfn4 (j^. wiflied to b~fonie
.fr'Se~and thfe emQoas avjcex~Itei jn: rhe naais, ofjfae.
Ptans, vwheu tbe -Baftjle~ was takeni dit x' zhefitbepri&t i the.
2-~ae! -maen, whG 'wero fheidror tOI Jftate Iftur4e, vrewt oveaft t
-the cries-cf 'iberty wvhIc zfoixn- d r~iba ery ^e,. Perha#ps-
no, ihe wi teslawver thrztrzlves cieii- a djfcoientrieii
ysgiES-' ws*e thwvthe cau^:i|'r7^'riroEheadlanaaa
unmikr liti eentianad; rejolee tiha~ ti~iea at Paiis, afd~asf th$
-Xingdof Spain woflea4e it t_*6 t k.Wof-the: ?tugre ,
icut '1.c~ icRaftt~ear a ?eyitae~efor mnue>o5F A Sjt StDomii t66 party liberty. expected P
\. .eaa ccum- 3 futat o nlk frcrn a =atiet war-i(i4 iui4 ther
t-pr a thr blacv iiade k plaoF!f th
cockide'oFibexy, irye itl the vi&7 Ighi of tvieogaMA
.- f-nhbly, Out not dert ther.'p Were ( -se-cetryo': dircorer.
thie fcnear iof afhertiiclti pfudene, wich was fotfed-
1 th 0' p1tnwt d &Stf. Do. ,manpd '&titiiiko -et-iefe '
-. .troiabftsdev t S aelf imxtieog thgo'
| -A- ide. nDiot tihefeaair eceN. .Alebly o-f ie liit
.,S. znirigo ondetn e tgko dijbsandfihstfitler ation 'If
iet ot thk ^pusin~ e ohie C~fotiesihitt enA
y~ince TI~ac~aratiotyi t~aitrt~lfat which Iias'tafw ac ^
M~~etwt - -uto, coaeive Bnt mne 6uitgmedw Mo.pdiifebt& heir
menv; lta:fibjuate Ithem nd ee yoke of their dcfpot~ck wis.
4,* have no greater e1v;o;.teir co'unrQy l, theyai'e for'
;uealizyr ffade tune ]plaiiters wholwntimhl~jhioq n {oi
an iau wnt~a ealonait iaFejx^O~d Er a'i4 wf# ~ln-
.. '* f -- '\ '- *- < *- *. .- *'* t s

S *< 7' '

'-' ' ^ l ~ 'x-~ -r /'' ', v.- t E

putim -eo~o- *Pn"
1b-uim tctwod((ai~oyac j *the-fommieoQf tit ^t~ &ifet~s 4ej~ed a *pnyfvcmt.' -
-. .^^ ^ieyr('ottpe ~ Iv^4c. U"

-.onu ignt' to le .tianipIe(, jge3e4 to k
4 0 &qreef t~c jah off 20,
3T 12rllfk~fa~wea-b1 ttdiafof th. Bjacrihyo 'i
14 &i the actae -ilia beed paiu& fpi tlie qi of th*Ai
; M n-tiiett t p ivace when Ac ifemon fle& A wwe1Lci. ow^It

It*jte p~t"io!i haiai Aiott~b~n e*er mnu

bI^ evi ift :Aa 14w

1tuatesF St. JDtezingp, tcach ii.tlaat we ought never tofte Iii*'*r
iman infpgeiaeittobe ftaA upon tge watkal a
Sttx tre os 6f inwe w fte ifo tei i4i-y tevihciri
Iurnt.ig l~a theuCIflves ^)iee otel^ owi &f

2. 'thelf en_[oy the bld^BgeoftiexevotutQa^J iE autfaaB-AiSJ *Hbrd --"
i~otffb^ s1i ,fi~ they'3 (&ft~ca!^^ 1e'n r
_- tfeeaitalttlifi$3iauce thaJte i< w Yfowi we -not
i~e~fi tfe ycremies, iB a.isnia atlioas. '^,tB
e -itW vehadi& afheirpOWeyto .
oaage eivch. they have iieW'ciC~o4- 4-.
'. ^Matciat a.tiwne when it 1i&'4rf dyeziyoperifeticA S-ciwfi&dert I.L ^^
bte thfiei cr i X
b- lp_',4M moor' vitit we, the fir ,'wrh,, they '

jf thgre g injuleehyflMcing ,dticfaw e
the cctara~aio~ofSightts wher tleycnfe aS'of th*
e*;~cree oh24t& pemtbcr*<'^ -Si -bi,*
t'Ui~cfe'h~seep~ alllia of y.Ought.
eto~e~t~ffct ad P.Ld74 itf pn0 i6a, y&fofxtraordijavry I -,
-*weaknefe~rewe tQ retain this UiwL w'uchai pep have the.,-
4 0ter ., Jaw, aRi^tc-imus~iirtas^^b ;-

"*'!^,;; ^ ': ^^4:[*Aic^ ''L: --:'
,o~1o~4~#t re ''a s t,


4 t -0

4, e-o tit-ee:ana_ 4 oed,
:-' 426d tfpo. t 2X
.- I ~ .. -
"*! :s *:- ?Muit inepndn ei r ^'re-. .o~ a

rnp~a y~etml^^t(>fpport.tble ~ouy- ania he d 'rtiefptj ? i Let i e White Ctlb"is at
W, tlt they caiot cdowfiatuthe feotn wo Aryw (
', 1 oai e, u e a Roitf dif. thius ,l" .' .>w-n m oth c )' #
T ihectiraiaai BfCurpaxi on tfc(y an :he 'i.ty~and
lo,,, abu fsa or the y .3powei'- daw- Ioie6
h aftexeivo laopp 4erlter ft
'er- -; an4 thii mend nci rn4ethe>C e
lie of utmioni fo the ~iiIforai~y ara- th~ opoitoiU
'r t .bs ibffuon.ftsr i lhteathe ndgeab n he"dkotit

'"-,Wq n ix i~iia of ns' i-o j
ifr d, at St. 'tmjgto hthat r thinmoft *,ich

l;'* i*,,, qininaco: lfeflal~ ~'aEpioi pr tli'ee Bnat
c *'9k ofthnz 9.oenar.hjtpbraaehw.edi& re; thbtgw
nj$)4 9. "en "n ed"aiA wa e WASf,
Itis at leaf yideitt. that tjWIU ei^'t&rt.pei6;.t3
{ the 1otse(Vjpal>Ko'iny,' ofscfn iiiply,
ms uienderofcrqBe; 4qt4Thiat a.yit iqbte. ^e&
^ ^~'ws-?; that Prtenchmeft Iaev b~era tjwoi~e4: ~witHoue 1,
' *d b e r o ~ics arg t xtsa pg '6(efft1 y -1 cretion.Jdif
is -iw t"& t c ti eas ttn-iaae If he iusde iiea i"
a.ipty. ;*.i^The iina&~'oatieemaritte^/fifer alng elii
^ion ngaiuff the^/v 'op oC61oiu* hai.
a1reE~y pwp dtQye tIan p~efta ng a St... y.o]o
t f -* -ationat"uard/t IfarqoSfep
S" ce aif fnrtre q d n eer ifl" tie,
aeifeis bats the fthe 4e itofutf
; t ''nd^crod mde~exdeut pf t~le Ileg~Wttve body, 'wtrto bfe confZ
a CEtetd wiih the king atone, vw1atame~os of me onidefce.WOu
tlii c, xeejnia upowelr irivo i thii cfivjehtf gW
U .auri&ion! acn lpreb e Chief~drthe axiy. hie touldAt
ebh' ^.z1y,1itLicdiq. tbo 19ffi patriQtic eginienti into the
-itauds,. uader protence of eftlaiifluing diKcapiie tliere buriwi
realh^, ~ hi baiephexitie^ tlxey woaldiiiv uinja~ppet~thles
iea~i~ I~~*.i an&~rty.4: = -e
prncipIesmofjufice alxl litii'w
f; / however y6a are deier ied Iwdeelarethe otores
*r~onaaieiah -ade4 tilt th'*
.Dec of the ith ofSep bsthas b nrapeqled, onierivife
this iftdeppedencw wplaI be.toelde4 ut thsWhtes rone,\vbi
-YIUWd-pri erve teeifiiatping iftecry. Aiaerj
eaiansiates jts olnies '& tfoon as tle^ are'ffixentlyopo
5 (- a -e P~.

qn'4s24C W C"*;. C-4 co.a' u C



-*a + fli ., '- ,+ ,y Becre
r'lm- +Ht ftt "+: att+ e^irl "+. -c--e+

vn a zo'rdc


tt -' j-, -
*t lf++ f ;-. *+* **-
S'6ftb ~lil_: *I_ -*
;l i+ r.+ -; ,:" '-, *''"-, ,

'{ to+ tat -'" ;+. ++, _*' -
+m,K^(ds^^*^"--. ;+
A'"+ K .
&t0'43 ~is'- Y *.--* .*

,yiy-re ai4 *
heir~th"inrcat the ne~ e d iteiis+ o t t& .;-<

: ^tor~hreei^!lat igs1 ld .Iieyschiiiaflwr*,.
a to the'Will of a ~IitifierA* tiiv'a bAiibj^
agment e authorityy? If he their w iy d .
feeis ^lemfedvss to tie Natiri4 lAflflrexny, ,reqgitftn^\
|nte ^Is ~t not ridic~doau' tot.fee .fhui1Ji g rBit ce'

4V(O~ m,+ n* u-,
ili -, f a iaeppleftojp "
ti .bv-+i.Biienat'ieii toj6.F,l~.+;amsL +{tryiau +
's w ,:':: ''' *. ... -. ;' + *' ^.++ ".'.+, + -" + *' ; \ '"?- : '- -- '
,- "- ++ r. + + ++, .+^,1 .- ++: _-+''. -*

.. o '-+ + -* -- "'- '', *: "* o / '.i +

I) .'*
,), ^1



. ->'aflim


+7- _^ -it

4! -

: ^ ^* -^^ <: : ;- : ,
.t -. -. lt^~ltw/ep~tbfa

gc -t 10t tle A*&

*4 I

Tk6*o"-FCart t e
-. ~%mt~ets, the ptocl^& bfb
i"*rife r, ceyejt Sfr*m(*tbe oet 6f they nat)n,an~d coii^O~aTy-f.

fl- t~Jpt fr~fJier. iHri&ly ma -AtlanfFfe reucb Iiwv% ijide-:.
r th s ? nath f tli arnci tM keS

~yI~e ~1bt~~t U,&P Ja of Ni edo-e. ~ n.0L
ha "*'-v -ii& GIot p ts tftTnfricE the SOike'vgeroe NOtht7ne

*tff~iSiat!f .mc~aes Wb)C8 I whc tfenice rhigt 1Maye fitggeftet i1t

1i~a Ei*, 8Iae' pclve}Fcetaii(B)Br he milevewt^ m
ot~tif ihae^t t~t^]ogt^'<>f uaxaidiffgf?1 I^if
< ^^ooefA~imtverI~t the dteft Aun oi~tffaeiaY, OIEntiie-^
''' re-ry1 2 pWg6&t i~adeftitt~ 0Nt; ^ai1l tle C'feIwwftt '.
t. fr't~x~miei*ur hcgpurjo~of gafv^u ihe Whitei 'ther mqnmm

fumes,, uvtkfs tfe iiivlvift aiir~frdat ii^fe$e,'^heWuite,' iho^

Vrow- ^vainyt obie't&e&asreji thi i
^ ^4tb~f S iriber^< -WMCKl- ty wii
't "e ,ifiey nthi Dccnifaa("&nffierntiis'
^'- Kww tfftttiIUTh titiptes ovf chv hiem
< lLoa(Bittitioba1Dtecree jof tle 5l of. a^

thp vidoti soift whkhje4, Oas f~ng
- .^'' i1,gh^Be, t&ia 4he .tri~nf rAfaay'
iKsyao^iear depriveie j~ioinier~oitC;irri

6mii thodtedeat Ifiii eriZe.Mh

-, ? t1cat, ytcer tis De

, ~1ric e1Ur. ~'fti SOt~ &%yine$uf&1hally a~troa

/ 'ie~*le4 jt1satlti e'jop's ^l~nmt h~e?'Bctiy
*A~~ ~~ .4etitpr^^r~^^se'~
^ ''o P^e.^^^^^~fteufio/^fitat we
'tceco~tfcoR^Iwof~~ty& -l4a

- -


4 --ti

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~OE0fl~ UQt~ the ~OZ4t~1


^ -. -''' ***;/' \ "

*saiowfgfmI tgtv^(svprtI4fe4 ~ 1po4^d *-;Iit~tioan4A 'fl^ Co 1ifttcn^ Afimbly -d4i~iot ;prefart it .fx .
bdW k**e pt-bav6- itder6gok.d iu be1 caf tuti
4 the' Kw.*e-pQw< igtiia e iv"lted, mn^ug otbtfs :

d7O, *Z4* 'a.e." con ttutinal a iw -peas it, :
, *Bt 1n20 has ever been rai(cd to4
    of* t. 4Sp:^ ':; ]^;^'?-^^ ''^*wJJ4'.l^ f-''-:

    '.' f '~ *-* A WW* & ***..- *!-

    po ': :*^-^ :-p..4 -
    r the m itt occ4 iw. -, -:

    Itgge pwh

    tero i is *''.r
    :l~|^^^^'(^^'_; -h;-

    t~-^^y^rCoz Bes ^ N ^"BBPe^ 4 ^ j~''

    *a1ows Iix6M zoau itW~ Jlf '^B ^^B^ 1* tho^J fH^ '^^f^-'"^ ^,*'
    ^j~~lk~tfttRwho ..J~lBI^QiJ-it ^^ j r 'J
    len^ BISt AA rib 1 ?y i ^ ROA t J'^C1 I~y he ex t- K



    '4 5 ' "'






    4 (4.

    .4 ft.


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    uzug- c~ilb^tapsngI"-wCssuuw IM^eytta"r
    ; ., '": ;~ ~ .* .4.*4'--, -; -i : ^ ';' :;
    ,' '., I *'* s "; .''*- ^ / .. ^ *I

    f~ t, -" 44 .5" ' f *
    -4 . 4.:' ^ '. &

    '*& '- *'- t> 4'. *" r- -' *:. Wt.^-" '-.-1 4*-' r-iS:'&

    4.^ ,'*: : ; ^ t -/- '..:iS.* .- '/t*L,' .A1P1^y^id

    -- ~ ~ ~ ~ - V :L-;* ., .-ftl..S;' -- :.'-i r'5i; .4 ..fl
    -, .. .^,, A*- S*:4 S4 -7.4 ".t4 -; 4. '- &-

    -4 ;*.': :4;. -8. S :;~~ r' .' li.'..1* .i- ;4 t 'L
    ..., ; '-- c r ',C^ ^ .? U i t l 1 ( '. i~ . 4 &
    4.: -"'- *!'': -'' .'Ss '^ ?-; ,;- .? ^ '^ ,&A *-; a
    '.^ * 4. &*' 7* 5
    4'4 '&.

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    4-44 '4 -Je!pwl ^c2- \^y^ ^^ ^ I,,
    rvcnrndr, thi' tnNTON AL SEAssBMLt.V i4t

    *',-.~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~- "'"^^;';t--^:' ^ ^^ {"''

    ^ -:*r^|"' ^J^-"'^^ 1 *^owg aad i'c1"^

    -'>-' 3i ^tht F#Iaopl ocqldg ad Free N^grtoe uh;o nij&.
    ^,,Uien(;t'6hiCfic&"ecr~ees35 follows: ^^ :\'^-^ ^.': :
    *. AiiTpic~ 4;.2. Jnricdiitely after the- tuis~kaipn 6b,-the '
    preknrencre4 eel# 611proceed~in~tcveryono'ile ^dc
    S. ;CoosinBthe Windwgd and Leward hilaiidtqthere-lei
    *:Ma of the"Co~onul anARnd^atffObEicsfthewaw>.F ..^ ^s
    icr px-efcribd 5by the" S'ffi of ^& March,'^p*~~ -179,u
    f' $he 'infrfti^us if the -Wuonal ARimblydf 4xe zgth 4thef^ r-:
    y-:-mtm dn. x ** s-'" a^ '- -- '* -^ "" '*
    ;*JIL- The P^eobefotColotrr, and. Frte Negroes Tlhan jbe
    $Imitted tovote~izi all zie. Fzmary and ElIctk4a ABfcmbliesi, -,
    nrdllbe:Iisgibleto~placs,vd&owacy;Ajop th ,^qbalai ~donspre^fcbed bIy 44(|t& iitkle ofth- iW&~c-
    24nsJthe vfMarth - v
    UT. Three -Civil 'Cotuniuilioners fiha be naje4 tl,
    (Mopy#, StO Dq urbgoa md xbWi "&rleflads of Ghad, C4
    t optiucia ngd .obago in
    TVC iTi Cotnoucrs Aallbemuehodiedtodjflvytbe
    parentt CoonialAtoblfit, Wtake evl Maefwe -naceO iy *
    Sfor.o tcel nia& tWA*v aion & oAc naaqandtRt e^ uoi
    -6-te i6 6t 141 e ~ dE

    4" .i^ *;'. '*:' -4 "Y ^ -; '- ': -2 Eib e

    C U ,4ma

    4t t

    "N' ** ,. -

    crefato ebifi unift,ore,51~
    .,.* ,- u "~-di ^yfxwx

    a of ,o-' trouble

    jeft nd t fnmddwta89 sp 1andc~
    'r i, 'u "u a' "* ft r W mub lt s
    1e 'wathr
    '^T rt& and~ll to flfi-rtecda to M1 Franceh in ir 9&]|age

    Of^.** krv ( tinde ofiqa deercf t o the'finioy t

    ^<* ar^^fim i of the vebl pioaeftes whikh tby my MhveCing o
    afthe 4.4MKians thev fm eO, eo!w&ofg the.,

    VII. Theyat o bljauell3teBliaWeicvil ComryW'tf
    *^ C2rp. either~iiotTC if~de sweys IUTC cgidta uko

    givev, d c 'cles.-
    'i'xeEto ectn< e i nt &c; to fena a fu1Riaknr_
    fotre into the CononAest, w1t.h is cotnpofed in retmcaihu of.,

    IXi. TL~i Cfoloi!4. A~x1Aies ilmumdiaxely. afa wr Ar... &-'
    fw*tga healion, pacfft imle, in tlke 4Biyf tads Coleiwij
    tut',of di hartlcm *nd y ^y-a wr Kcii No ~ d %411'o te

    *hich t'ir ?eee VII.i~ aaA abreafcfreaiblyhCt',nr1
    =teme andXfttfod Matl.idr, i~iftlenero tkcib nich wilt
    ^ .peromte f^Aft rdp (K i4 ^ fhapbis/f th6o peie ofbei~m~

    lo.'en he Colozual ARdmbe Eeiew ch iCutoloude& gt a iaf
    *em-ooa Guithi* -;*' -

    R*tiadv feiw. ves .4be and e *tby, ik, wt
    -for Mik Wei aftmt| tli

    xt.Ooseidt tev Eoit baonettcd W
    -XVtc (he ir tt =r 6sv i _,tt r fcri,^ n~by ?1
    '.- X Tc i C~q 641 A04tnyial 40 l~ia"P fa^eonanort

    ;^e(~l~<(T~tt-.n~r~~aW C -''r- '- A. -- .. / C