Approved Code No. 534 Registry No. 1627-02A
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
HORSE HAIR DRESSING
AS APPROVED ON NOVEMBER 24, 1934
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Registry No. 1627-02A
Approved Code No. 534
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Approved Code No. 534
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
HORSE HAIR DRESSING INDUSTRY
As Approved on November 24, 1934
APPf.OVINC THE BASIC CODE AS THE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR
THE HORSE HAIR DRESSING INDUSTRY
An application having been made pursuant to Administrative
Order No. X-61, dated July 10, 1934, for the approval of the Basic
Code, as amended and attached to the annexed report as Exhibit
"A", as the Code of Fair Competition for the Horse Hair Dressing
Industry, defined for the purposes of this Order as follows:
The term "Industry" as used herein means and includes the dress-
ing, selling and/or wholesale distribution of "Horse Hair", and
such related branches or subdivisions as may from time to time be
included under the provisions of this Code.
NOW, THEREFORE, on behalf of the President of the United
States, the National Industrial Recovery Board, pursuant to author-
ity vested in it by Executive Orders of the President, including Ex-
ecutive Order 6S59, dated September 27, 1934, and otherwise; does
(a) Incorporate by reference said annexed report and said Code,
as attached hereto marked as Exhibit "A",
(b) Find that said Code complies in all respects with the perti-
nent provisions and will promote the policy and purposes of Title I
of the National Industrial Recovery Act, and
(c) Order that said Code be and it hereby is approved as the
Code of Fair Comptition for the Horse Hair Dressing Industry, as
This Order shall become effective ten (10) days from the date
hereof unless prior to that time good cause to the contrary is shown
to the National Industrial Recovery Board, and it, by its further
order, otherwise directs.
NATIONAL IN DU STM IAL RECOVERY BOARD,
By W. A. HARRIMAN, Adm.inistrative Officer.
PRPENTISS L. COONLEY,
Acting Division A i4mnti idfralor.
WASHINGTON, D. C.,
ANovcbccr.n '., 1934.
REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT
[The White House.
SIR: This is a report on the Basic Code of Fair Competition for
the Horse Hair Dressing Industry, which was presented by duly
qualified and authorized representatives of the Industry, complying
with statutory ro'luirenlentr, said to represent one hundred per cent
(100% ') in volume of sales of the InIdustry which could be included
in this Code.
The Horse Hair Dressers Association, being duly representative of
the Horse Hair Dressing Industry, has elected to avail itself of the
option of submitting a Basic Code of Fair Competition, as provided
in Administrative Order X-61, dated July 10, 1934.
This Industry buys "Horse Hair ", dresses, and resells it, which
includes the dressing, selling and/or wholesale distribution of
The Horse Hair Dressing Industry was originally granted a Code
of Fair Competition on May 14, 1934, jointly with the Curled Hair
Manufacturing Industry. It having been found more efficient to ad-
mniini ter this Industry under the Basic Code, and the Industry having
applied for a conditional exemption from all provisions of the ap-
proved Code, the Industry has made application to operate under the
According to statistics furnished by members of the Horse Hair
Dressing Industry, there are fifteen establishments active in the In-
dustry at the present time. At the time of granting the Curled Hair
Manufacturing Industry and the Horse Hair Dre;-ing Industry a
Code of Fair Competition, there were twenty establishments in oper-
ation. The additional five establishments are reported to be closed.
The aggregate invested capital in this Industry during the past
six years has declined from $1,000,000 in 1929 to approximately $300,-
000 in 1934. This fluctuates according to the demand, as the majority
of the capital invested in this Industry is stock-on-hand, the require-
ments for equipment and machinery being very small.
The latest figures on annual sales for the year 1933 are estimated
The number of employees in this Industry fluctuates according
to the demand for the products of this Industry. At the present
time, there are approximately one hundred persons employed.
Markets for the Horse Hair Dressing Industry's products are ex-
clusively jobbers, who, in most cases, are also importers of dressed
horse hair. These jobbers sell to brush, hair cloth and furniture
manufacturers and a few other small Industries. The before men-
tioned outlets being in their order as to volume used.
The decline in the domestic Industry has been due to the low cost
of foreign dressed horse hair imported mostly from Russia and
China. The Industry has applied for an import duty.
ri:OVISIO(NS OF THE CODE
The Hour and Wage provisions of this Code are the same as in the
Code of Fair Competition that was approved for this Industry on
May 14, 1934, which in the opinion of the Deputy, are suitable for
this Industry. No employee shall be perinitted to work in excess of
forty (40) hours in any one week or eight (8) hours in any one day.
The minimum wages in this Code are thirty-five cents (350) per
hour for female employees and forty ,e-nts (400) per hour for male
employees. The remaining provisions of the Code are those of the
Basic Code of Fair Competition, as provided in Administrative
Order X-61, dated July 10, 1934.
The Deputy Adunini-trator in his final report to the National In-
dustrial Rc.overy Board on said Code having found as herein set
forth and on the basis of all proceedings in this matter:
The National Industrial Recovery Board finds that:
(a) Said Code is well designed to promote the policies and pur-
poses of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, including
the removal of obstructions to the free flow of interstate and foreign
commerce which tend to diminish the amount thereof and will pro-
vide for the general welfare by promoting the organization of in-
dustry for the purpose of cooperative action among trade groups, by
inducing and maintaining united action of labor and management
under adequate governmental sanction and supervision, by eliminat-
ing unfair competitive practices, by promoting the fullest possible
utilization of the present productive capacity of industries, by avoid-
ing undue restriction of production (except. as may be temporarily
required), by increasing the consumption of industrial and agricul-
tural products through increasing purchasing power, by reducing
and relieving unemployment, by improving standards of labor, and
by otherwise rehabilitating industry.
(b) Said Industry normally employs not more than fifty thousand
persons; and is not classified as a major Irndustry.
(c) The Code as approved complies in all respects with the perti-
nent provisions of said Title of said Act, including without limita-
tion subsection (a) of Section 3, subsection (a) of Section 7, and
subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof; and that the applicant associa-
tion is an industrial association truly representative of the aforesaid
Industry; and that said association imposes no inequitable restric-
tions on admission to membership therein.
(d) The Code is not designed to and will not permit monopolies or
(e) The Code is not designed to and will not eliminate or oppress
small enterprises and will not operate to discriminate against them.
(f) Those engaged in other steps of the economic process will not
have been deprived of the right to be heard prior to the effective date
of said Code.
For these reasons, this Code has been approved.
For the National Industrial Recovery Board:
W. A. HARRIMAN,
Adidli ;tti t aie Officer.
NOVEMiERL 24, 1934.
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE HORSE HAIR
To effectuate the policies of Title I of the National Indu-triil Re-
covery Act, the following provisions are (-; ;blished as a Basic Code
of Fair Competition which shall govern the Horse Hair Dressing
Industry applying therefore in accordance with Administrative Order
X-61, dated July 10, 1934.
The term Horse Hair Dressing Industry as u'-ed herein includes
the dressing, selling and/or wholesale distribution of Horse Hair ",
and such related branches or subdivisions as may from time to time
be included under the provisions of this Code.
1. No employee shall be permitted to work in excess of forty (40)
hours in any one week or eight (8) hours in any one day. except as
herein otherwise provided.
2. The provisions of this Article shall not apply to persons em-
ployed in a managerial or executive capacity who receive not less
than thirty-five dollars ($35.00) per week, nor to traveling salesmen
nor to employees engaged in emergency maintenance or emergency
repair work involving protection of life or property, provided, how-
ever, that all employees engaged in emergency maintenance or emer-
gency repair work shall receive at'least one and one half times their
normal rate of pay for all hours worked in excess of forty-eight (48)
hours in any one week or in excess of ten (10) hours in any twenty-
four (24) hour period.
3. No watchman, fireman or engineer shall be permitted to work
in excess of forty-four (44) hours in any one week.
4. No employee shall be permitted to work more than six (6) days
in any seven (7) day period.
5. Employers when working as producers shall be governed by the
nimaximlim working hours provided herein.
6. No employee shall be permitted to work for a total number of
hours in excess of the number of hours prescribed herein whether he
be employed by one or more employers.
1. No female employee shall be paid less than at the rate of thirty-
five cents (350) per hour and no male employee shall be paid less
than at the rate of forty cents (400) per hour, except as herein other-
2. A person whose earning capacity is limited because of age or
physical or mental handicap may be employed on light work at a
wage below the minimum established by this Code if the employer
obtains from the State authority designated by the United States
Department of Labor a certificate authorizing his employment at
such wages and for such hours as shall be stated in the certificate.
Each employer shall file with the Code Authority a list of all such
pvrin.s employed by him.
3. Female employees performing substantially the same work as
male emiiiployee-s shall receive the same rate of pay as muie employees.
4. This article establishes a minimum rate of pay which shall
apply, irrespective of whether an employee is actually coi pensated
on a time rate, piece-work performance or other basis.
5. All wages shall be adjusted so as to maintain a differential at
least as great in amount as that existing on June 16, 1933, between
wages for such employment and the then minima. In no case shall
there be any reduction of hourly rates; nor in weekly earnings for
any reduction in hours of less than thirty per cent (30%).
ARTICLE V-GENERAL LABOR PRO\VISIONs
1. No person under sixteen (16) years of age shall be employed
in the Industry. No person under eighteen (18) years of age shall
be employed at operations or occupations which are hazardous in
nature or dangerous to health. The Code Authority shall subinit
to the National Industrial Recovery Board within sixty (60) days
from the effective date of this Code, a list of such operations or
occupations. In any State an employer shall be deemed to have
complied with this provision as to age if he shall have on file a
certificate or permit duly signed by the Authority in such State
empowered to issue employment or age certificates of permits showing
that the employee is of the required age.
2. In compliance with Section 7" (a) of the Act, it is provided:
(a) That employees shall have the right to organize and bargain
collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall
be free from the interference, restraint or coercion of employers of
labor, or their agents, in the designation of .icli repre.-sentatives or in
self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of
collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.
(b) That no employee and no one seckiiig eminployin-nt. shall be re-
quired as a condition of employment to join any couimpanly union or
to refrain from joining, organizing or a.i.tAing a labor organization
of his own choosing, and
(c) That employers shall comply with the maximum hours of
labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment,
approved or prescribed by the President.
3. No employer shall reclassify employet-s or duties of occupations
performed or engage in any other subterfuge for the piurp)o-e of
defeating the purp,,-e or provisions of the Act or of this Code.
4. Every employer shall provide for the safety and health of em-
ployees during the hours and at the places of tlioir eniployment.
Standards for safety and health shall be sulbniitted by the Code Au-
thority to the National Industrial Recovery Board within three
months after the effective date of the Code.
5. No provision in this Code shall -tupersede any state or Federal
law which imposes on employers more stringent requirements as to
age of employees, w-aes, hours of work, or as to safety, health, sani-
tary or general working conditions than are imposed by this Code.
6. All employers shall post and keep po.-ted complete copies of the
hour, wage and general labor provisions of this Code in conspicuous
places accessible to employees.
This Code shall be administered by the General N. R. A. Code
Authority which shall be selected pursuant to, have the powers spec-
ified in, and function in accordance with Administrative Order X-62,
dated July 10. 1934; provided, however, that, on approval by the Na-
tional Industrial Recovery Board, the Horse Hair Dressing Indus-
try if it so d(,sires may elect its own Code Authority to have powers
and to function in the manner precribed for the general N. R. A.
Code Authority, and under such rules and regulations as the National
Industry Re.covery Board may prescribe.
ARTICLE VII-TRADE PRACTICES
1. It shall be an unfair method of competition for any member
of the Horse Hair Dressing Industry subject hereto to violate any
rule of Fair Trade Practice for such Industry even if not herein
contained when approved by the National Indntrial Recovery
Board, or, in the case of Trade Practice provisions for Trades or
Industries under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Agriculture
when approved by such Secretary, on application concurred in by
seventy-five per cent (75%) of the members of such Trade or
2. Pris.. rebates, discounts, commissions and conditions of sale
shall be filed as prescribed in Administrative Order No. X-62, dated
July 10, 193 4, and it shall be an unfair method of competition to
violate or fail to comply with the terms of that Order.
AmITIc.E VIII-GFNERAL PROVISIONS
Section 10 (b) of the National Industrial Recovery Act is hereby
incorporated herein by reference and this Code is expressly made
Approved Code No. 534.
Registry No. 1627-41S.'.
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