An historical description of Westminster-Abbey

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Title:
An historical description of Westminster-Abbey its monuments and curiosities : containing an account of its foundation and miraculous consecration by St. Peter ... : designed as a guide to strangers in viewing this venerable pile ..
Physical Description:
iv, 5-190, 2 p. : ; 17 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Newbery, John, 1713-1767
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Printed for J. Newbery ...
Place of Publication:
London
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Subjects / Keywords:
Antiquities -- London (England)   ( lcsh )
Booksellers' advertisements -- 1764   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1764
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Booksellers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

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General Note:
Bookseller's advertisements, 2 p. following text
General Note:
With: An Historical description of St. Paul's Cathedral, printed for J. Newbery, 1759 -- An historical description of the Tower of London and its Curiosities, printed for J. Newbery, 1765

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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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aleph - 027228630
oclc - 54160911
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AA00021472:00001


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AN

Historical Defcription
O F

WESTMINSTER-ABBEY,
ITS
,MONUMENTS and CURIOSITIES.
CONTAIN NING,
i. An Account of its Foun- enclofed Chapels, or open
nationn and miraculous Con- Parts of this Abbey. fecration by St. Peter. 6. Obfervations on the Beau. The various Changes it has ty and Propriety of the reundergone, from its firfi Ef- [pedive Monuments.
tabifhment as a Chriftian 7- A particular Defeription Gutach to the prefent Time. of the Building, Beautify3. A general View of all the irg, and endowing Henry
Monuments cretedl therein; the VIIth's Chapel, with the
with an Abftra& of their In- Ornaments belonging to it.
feriptions, fo far as they S. A general View of the tend to illustrate the Hillory Cloifters; with Copies of of the Perfons for whom two remarkable Infcriptions
they were written, there.
4. Exal Copies of the heft 9. Tranflations of the HeEngijfb Epitaphs, and Tranf. 'brew, Ethiopic and Greek lations of the Latin. Epitaphsin this Church, parS. Charaaers, Anecdotes, ticularly thofe on the Tombs
and Memoirs of the Lives of Sir SamuelMorland's two
of the Kings and principal Wives, never before atPerfonages interred in the tempted.

Defigned as a Guide to Strangers in viewing this venerable
Pile, and to point out to them the moft valuable 'Remains of Antiquity contained therein, as well as the Beauties of modern Statuaries.
Note, This is the only p.erfed Adccoant of the Manument!
in Weffminfter-Abbey hitherto publifbhcd.


LONDON:
Print d for J. NEWBERY, at the Bible and Sun in St, Fe 1a
CkurCbhyard, 3764, ri 9 Sling'












~THE
T H1 E


PREFACE.

#r 4~WWt ork of this Kind needs no Apoigy. Let
SA A it fufce to fay, that Men of the greate/l h d Learning have employed their Time ufefuly
je .)y in colle ing from fuch Remains of Antiquity as are here preferred, Hiflorical Fals that were no otherwvfe to be obtained; and for want of which Perfons have been frequently connected with A-lions they had no Relation to, Events have been mrfplaced, and the true Order of Things confounded. The little Regard the latter Htilorians of our own Nation have paid to thefte Memorials, is perhaps one Reafin why their Labours appear imperfet, and why the Authors themfelves, for the mofi Part, out-live the Reputation of their Works.

Indeed, it is a tedious, a diffcult, and often an impoIble Ta to have Recourfe to thofe Marble Records that are ever where to be found difufed through this great Kingdom; but when all that are worthy), of Notice in fi confiderable a Repofitory as Weilminfier-Abbey are colleded together in ome fmall Book, it will be an unpardonable Negled not to make a proper Ufe of it.
it fall appear upon Compar;fon of there few Shets, that Perfons who have had the moi conjiderable Sbare in the Tranfadions of the Times in which they lived, have been but juf named by our Hilorians, while others of lefs No~t'bw been magnijfed beyond their true A 2 A'-rit;






iv The PREFACE.
Merit; that Ations have been afcrihed to one, that were performed by another ; and that many Things are reported in general, which ought to have been attributed to particular Perfons or Families, the Utility of this ItVork will then be apparent, and a Road pointed out, by which ithe Errors of our Hiflorians may be correfled, their Defedis supplied, and fuJflice done to the AMemories of Many who have emminently dfinguifbed themjielves in the Service of their Country.

But not to dwell on this Advantage only, when th re
are others of no fmall Importance, refuting from it: Strangers, who vit Wefiminfler-Abbey, will find their Account in the Perufal of this Book: ; The little Time they are allowed in furveqing the enclofed Chapels, may be more ufefully employed by Means of it ; and their Pains rewarded the Recolle,7ion of Things worthy to be remembered; the Unlearned will be enabled by it to converfe with the Monuments of the Dead, with the amne Pleafure as the Learned ; and ihofe who have never pJen, nor are ever likely to fee this lately Edifice, may fr7- fame idea of its Form, MA gniicence, and Furni.
ture, by the Account here given of it.

Add to all thefe, the Coptemplation of the Things
kerein recorded in a religious Senfe ; for, as the great Mr. Addifon oblfe yes, when we read the Dates of the Tombs of fome that died Yeflerday, and foame fix hundred Years ago, we cannot help confidering that great Day, when we fall all of us be Cotemporaries, and
make our Appearance before one awful 7udge together,





Sor
L








OF


WESTMINSTER-ABBEY,

AND ITS


CURIOSITIES.

++++++++++*4**********

Of the Foundation of WESTMINSTERABBEY.

P F the Foundation of this Abbey, there
O :A are fo many miraculous Stories rej lated in the Legends of Monkifh k Writers, that by this enlightened AIge
the bare Recital would hardly be excufred: What we can with any Colour of Truth gather from fo much Rubbifh amounts only to this, That Sebert, King of the Eaft Saxons, who died in 616, being by AufjIin's Preaching, and his Uncle Ethelbbert's Example, converted to Chriftianity, threw down the Temple of Apolo, Weft of London, and there moft devoutly erected a Church, which he dedicated to the Honour of St. Peter,. Prince of the Apofiles, and appointed Mellitus, then Bifhop of London, to confecrate it accordingly. Ranulpbus, indeed, does not particul;rly mention Sebert, but has thefe remarkable A 3 Words,






6 Of WESTMINSTER-ABBEY
Words, That fome one, at the Infligation of
- Ethbelbert, built a Church to the Honour of St. Peter in the Wef Part of the City of London, in
* a Place called Thorney, which fignifies an Ifland
- ofThorns, but is now called WIefminfler." Fleat, a Monkifh Writer, fpeaks of the City of London as worhipping Diana, and the Suburbs of Thorney, as offering Incenfe to Apollo; fo that it feems clear almoft to Demonifration, that this Church was firft railed from the Ruins of a Pagan Temple.
I am aware, that Sir Chrflopher Wren, whofl Opinion is by no means to be contemned, rejed as fabulous the Notion of a Temple to Apolio in Thorney land; and the rather, becaufe it is faid to te deftroyed by an Earthquake in the Reign of Antonius Plus, in order to make way for a Chriftian Church to be ereded by King Lucius upon its Ruins. Sir Chrl/lopher, to flrengthen his Opinion, declares, That when he was employed to flirvey W/efminfer-: Abey, tho' he examined both the Walls and Ornaments about it with the 'ticeft Care, yet he could neither difcover the leaft Fragment of Cornice or Capital, to indicate the handy Work of a Romarn Builder, which he thinks he. muft undoubtedly have done, had the Fat been true, as Earthquakes break few Stones, tho' they overturn Edlifices. For the fame and other Reafons mentioned in their Place, he difbelieves the founding of St., Paul's upon the Ruins of a Temple to Diana; yet till his Time both there Fats were credited by the moft learned Antiquarians our Nation ever produced, and reported by them upon the fulleft Evidence the Nature of' the Subje& would admit ; Evidence, I think, that added to one Circumifance, which they have omitted, carries Conviaion along with it ; namely, that the Pagans muit certainly have had Temples in both there Cities, and that the above Places, and no other, being marked by Tradition for the Scites of





and its CtuosxTIEs. 7
of them, no Difcoveries have yet been made in the Courfe of i7oo Years, of the Remains of any fuch Edifices in any other Spots.
But to return; the Dedication of this ancient Abbey is a Matter of no lefs Uncertainty, than the Foundation of it; the Church Hiflorians will have it miraculous, and none but St. Peter himself, tho' dead 500 Years before, muff be admitted to that Honour. The King, as has been hinted, had ordered Mellitus to perform the Ceremony, but St. Peter, as the Legend fays, was beforehand with him; for over-night he called upon Edricus a Fifherman, and defired to be ferry'd over to 7hornev, which happened to be then flooded round by the heavy Rains that had lately fallen: The Fiffierman obeyed, and the Apoftle (having confecrated the Church amid t a grand Chorus of Heavenly Mufic, and a glorious Appearance of burning Lights, of which Edricus was both an Ear and an Eye-witnefs) on his Return difcovered himfelf, and bid the Fifherman tell Mellitus what he had heard and feen; giving, at the fame Time, to Edricus, a Specimen of his divine Miflion, by a miraculous Draught of Salmnon, of which Kind of Fifh when in Seafon, the Apoffle affured him, none of his Occupation should ever want, provided they honeffly made an Offering of the icth Fifh to the Ufe of the newly confecrated Church; which Cuffomrn we find continued for more than 4oo00 Years after. This Story, I should hardly have ventured to infert, but that it is in Part confirmed, or at leaft believed, by two Royal Charters; the firif, of K. Edgar, who fpeaking of it fays, this Church was dedicated by no lefs than St. Pe" ter, the Prince of Apofiles, to his own Honour ;" the other is of Edward the Con/fefr, which is fill more full, affirming it to be dedicated by St. Pe" ter himfelf with the Attendance of Angels, by the
Impreflion of the Holy Crofs, and the AnointA 4 meint





S Of WESTMINSTER-ABEitY.
" ment of the Holy Chrifm." Agreeable to theC are the Teftimonies of the Authors of the Lives o Biflop Mellitus, St. Dunflan, Edward the Confefor, and Sulcardus, illiam of Malmjbury, Ranulphus, &c. Yet the Reader of this Account may believe of it according to the Limits of his own Faith.
Having, however, in a great Meafure, fettled the Ara of the Foundation and Dedication of this Church, it remains only for us to trace by what Steps it gradually rofe to the Grandeur in which it appears at prefent; for at firft, only that Part of it was built which forms the Eaft Angle.
Ofa, the great King of Mercia, was the next wh enlarged and repaired the Church of Sebert's founding; for Sebert's Sons relapfing into Paganifm, it had been long negle&ed, and was ran to Decay.
Edgar, after it had been almoft ruined by the Incurfions of the Danes, wag *the firfit who revived its dying Luftre, by two Charters in its Favour; which were afterwards confirmed and enlarged by Edward the Confefor, the old Church was pulled down, and a moft magnificent one for that Age ere&ed in the room of it, in the Form of a Crofs, which afterwards became a Pattern for that Kind of Building. When he had fo done, he then granted a Charter of his own, wherein he recites the Account of St. FPtter's Confecration, as has been faid; its Deltrua6ion by the Danes, the Grants and Privileges of his Predeceflors, fuch as Sac and Soc, Tbol and Theam, Intoll and Uttoll, and Infrangenthet, Gritbrich, Hamfoken, Afurage, and Fenflall; and adds his own. This laft Charter was clofed within folemn Imprecations onl fuch as should infringe it, and was figned by the King, Queen, two Archbifhops, ten Bifhops, and many of the Abbots and the Nobility, at a Convention called for that Purpofe by his Majefly's Order.
Henry






and its CURIOSITIES. 9
Henry Ill. was the next Prince who laid his Hand to this great Work, and began to build a Chapel to the Bleffed Virgin, then called the New Work at Wi/eflminfler, the firit Stone whereof he laid himfelf on the Saturday before his Coronation, in the Year 1220, being the 5th of his Reign; but about 25 Years after, finding the Walls and Steeple of the Church decayed, he pulled them down likewife, with a Defign to enlarge and make the whole more regular, but did not live to accomplish his Defign, which was not compleated till 23 Years after this Monarch's Death.
This King's Intention was certainly, fays Sir Chrflopher Wren, to make up only the Crofs to the WVeftward, for thus far it is built in a different Manner from the reft more WVeiftward, as the Pillars and Spandrils of the Arches fhew. The Work muff therefore, in all Probability, have been carried on afterwards, during the Reigns of the three fucceedingKings, by the Monks and Abbots, which, tho' it proceeded but flowly, was yet more fkilfully executed than the former Part. Indeed, during the tumultuous and bloody Wars between the Houfes of York and Lancafler, little could be expe6~ted to be done in Works of Genius, but upon the Advancement of the Lanca/qrian Line to the peaceable Poffeflion of the Throne, Henry the Seventh refuned the Work very early, as appears by the Rofe of Lancajf er marked upon the Key-fPones of the Vaulting of the very firft Bay of Building that is extended beyond the old Plan.
This Prince likewife, about the Year 1502, be.gan that flately and magnificent Strudture which is now generally called by his Name, by firft pulling down the Chapel of Henry Ill. already mentioned, and a Hloufe adjoining, called the [PWhite Rofe Tavern; and then, marking out the Foundation, on the 24th of january, 1502, he laid the firit Stone: This A5 Chapel






to Of WEStMINSTER-AnaEY
Chapel he dedicated, like the former, to the Blef ie Virgin, and designing it for a Buriil-place for hi and his Pofferity, in his Will he exprefsly enjoins that none but the Blood Royal should be permitt to lie therein; and, for the Health of his Soul, procured a Bull from Pope Leo, for uniting to thi Abbey the Collegiate Church of St. Martin's-le Grand, and the Manor of Tykill in Yorkjhire, t maintain a Chauntry of three Monks, who fhoul be Priefs, and two Lay Brothers; which we the ra ther mention, as it is but little known how the I habitants of St. Martin's-le-Grand came firft to b conne&ed with thofe of Teiefninfler. The Prieft were to fay daily Mafs for his Soul, and the Soul of his Wife and Children, for which Service, be fides their ufual Salary, they were to be allowed I o Shillings a Year. Before his Death, over and above this, he is faid to have delivered into the Hands o the Abbot of Weflminfler 5000 1. for Maffes an Alms, whereof xo,oco Maffes were to be faid fo him at 6d. each; and 2o000 1. to be given in Alm between his Death and Burial.
Since the Death of this Prince, no great AlterA tions have beeh made in the outward Strudaure o this Chuich, till of late Years; when, as it was th Admiration and Grief of all who beheld it, it be came the Objet of Parliamentary Concern to r cue it from that Ruin into which it was falling apace by a thorough Reparation at the national Expence and though the Ravage that was made within it b Henry VIII. and theHavock without and withinit during the unhappy civil Commotions that deface tle ancient Beauty of all Religious Houfes in thi Kingdom can never be recovered ; yet it has lately by the Labour and Skill of Sir Crllopher WJren, an thofe that fucceeded him, beendecorated with fo new Ornaments, and by the Addition of two ftal Toweas, which are thought to exceed in Point Wor






and its CUROSITiS 1
Workmanfhip any Part of the ancient Building, is now rendered more compleat than ever, the Weft ]End having been left unfinished.
In examining the old Abbey in order to there Repairs,, Sir Ghriflopher Wrn found great Defeas both in the Materials and in the Workmanfhip. The Stone, which was of the Ryegate Kind, very eafy to ,work, but fubje& to take in Water, was decayed four Inches deep; the Roof was Oak, mixed ith Normandy Chefnut, badly wrought, and not proper ly fecured from firetching, by which the Walls we damaged, and fill rendered worfe by the Water in the Gutters being ill carried off. The four-innerbioft Pillars of the Crofs he found to be fwayed inward confiderably, the Arches of the fecond Or-' der cracked, the great Weft Window feeble, and the gable End of the Roof ovdr it only WeatherBoards painted. But what was worft of all, a bold and ignorant Architea having formerly undertaken to build the Monks a Cloifter, without knowing the Principles upon which he ought to have proceeded, had joined the new Work to the old in fuch a Man,ier, that, by the fettling of the former, the Wall above the Windows of the latter was forced out ten Inches, and the Ribs broken, fo that it was amazing it had not quite fallen. This, however, Sir Chriftpber caufed to be amended instantly, and made fl ronger and more fecure than ever the firfi Builders 'bad left it; the ragged Afhlar he likewife cut away, and invefted the Building, fo far as he lived tofinifh it, with a better Sort of Stone from Burford in Oxfordfhire, which has fince been continued by his Succeffors, and now near finiffied; the Timber of the Roof of the Nave, and of the Crofs, was likei(e fubitantially repaired under his Dire&ion. The fur intiermoft Pillars he restored to their Perpendicular, and left a Plan for erecting a Tower and a Spi that would have ferved rather to have
A 6 firengthea-






12 Of WESTMINSTER-ABBEY.
strengthened than to have over-loaded them. I thort, this great Archite& prepared and left behind him perfea Draughts and Models of all the addition nal Ornaments that he thought neceffary to complete this ftately Building; fome of which, particu larly the two lofty Towers to the Weft, have bern fiance ere&ed in a mafterly Manner; but the lofty Spire, which he feems to have had much at Heart, has been either thought not neceffary, or not prac ticable.
And now having given an Account of the Foundation and gradual Increafe of this ancient Struc ture, we hall proceed to a more particular Deferip tion of it, as well as of what Curiofities are fill re maining, after all the Injuries it has received.

1 DESCRiPTiON of the BUILDING.
SHIS noble Fabrick, than which, perhaps,
There is riot a more venerable Fragment of Antiquity in the whole World, has lately been new coated, as already hinted, on the Outfide, except that Part of it called Hemny VII's Chapel, which is indeed a feparate Building, and will no doubt be repaired by a particular Order, when the Raparati ons of the ancient Abbey are compleated. It mu be owned, that by the two flately Towers at thi Weft End, lately added, and the great Pains that have been taken in the coating, to preferve the antient Gothic Grandeur, this Church, as to its diffan Profpec, has all the Majefty of its former State; yet the beautiful Carving and curious Sculpture that once adorned it, and upon a nearer View ufed to charm the Beholder, is now irretrievably loft ; t Buttreffes, once beautifully capped with Turrets made into plain pyramidical Forms, and topped with Free-ifone; and the Statues of our ancient Kings that formerly flood in Nitches near the To





and it5 CURIOSITIES. 13
of the e Buttrefes and attraaed Admiration, are for the moft Part removed, and their broken Fragments lodged in the Roof of Henry VII's Chapel, where they are buried from the public Eye for ever. Next the Towers on the North Side, fome of thefe Statues are fill landing; and indeed it is on this Side that you are to take your outward View of the Abbey, the other Side being fo encumbered with Buildings, that even the exaa Situation cannot be diftinguifhed. The Form of the Church is that of a Crucifix, in which you are to confider Henry VIIth's Chapel as no Part. The South Side anfwered exactly to the North in the original Plan, by attending to which you will be able to form a true Judgment of the whole. The Cloiffers on the South Side were added for the Conveniency of the Monks, and the contiguous Buildings are of Rifill later Date. What will principally engage your Attention in
viewing the Outfide of this Building, (the new Towers excepted) is the magnificent Portico, leading into the North Crofs, which by fome has been failed the Beautiful, or Solomon's Gate. It feemns to have been founded by Richard II. his Arms carve-dl in Stone being formerly over the Door. This Portico is of the Gothic Order, and is extremely beautiful ; and over it is a moft magnificent Wihdow of modern -Defign *, but admirably well executed.
OnAh South Side may be feen a Window fet up in 1705, which is likewife very maftferly. Befides thefethere is nothing in the outward Appearance to dwell upon, except the Loftinefs of the Roof, to exceed in which Particular feems to have been the Emulation of ancient Architeas ; that of Wiemin' /e-Hall is indeed very lofty, but this of the Abbey is fill higher.
The Draaght was made by Sir Chrjfopher Wren, and
i4 by him before his Death; all the other Repairs have
Wbi ben executed upon the fame Gentlernan's Plan
To






14 Of WESTMINSTER-ABBEY.
To take an advantageous View of the Infide, mnuff go in at the Wefit Door, between the Towe and the Moment you enter, the whole Body of Church opens itfelf at once to your Eye, the Pill dividing the Nave from the Side-Ifles, being fo c rioufly formed as not to obffru6 the Side Openings nor is your Sight terminated to the Eaff, but the fine painted Window over the Portico of He VIIth's Chapel, which antiently, when the Altar w low, and the glorioufly adortied Shrine of Edwa the Confeffr was included in the Profpe&, muff ha afforded one of the fineft the Eyes of Man court ever behold. But as it would be impoflible to con vey an adequate Idea of the folemn Grandeur an Magnificence here to be viewed to a Stranger, were in vain to attempt a Defcription, the Intent this Book being rather to affift the Spelator to vie with Advantage what is here prefented to him, tha to fill his Mind with fanciful Notions of the adu rable Works of remote Ages.
The firft Thing then that frikes the Imaginatio is the awful Solemnity of the Place, caufed by t Loftinefs of the Roof, and the happy Difpofiti of the Lights, and of that noble Range of Pilla. by which the whole Building is fupported.
[It may here be proper to inform the unlearn Reader, that the open Space between the Rows Pillars is called the Nave of the Church; the encld fed Space, the Choir; the Space between the Pilla and the Walls, the Ifles; and the enlarged Spac to the North and South, the North Crofs and Sout Crofs.]
There Pillars terminate towards the Eafiby Sweep, thereby enclofing the Chapel of Edward t Confef a in a Kind of Semicircle, and excluding a the other Chapels belonging to the Abbey, of which there are no lefs than ten in Number, beyond th Avenue or Walk, by which they are furround&






and its CUnrostr'1 S. 15.
And it is worth your Obfervation, that as far as to the Gates of the Choir the Pillars are filletted with Brafs, but all beyond with Free-fltone; from which Circumfance fame take Occafion to determine the Bonds of the different Enlargements of this Church at different Times, but I think, with much tcertainry. Anfwerable to the middle Range of Pillars are Columns adjoining to the Walls, which as they rife spring into Semi-Arches. and are every where met in acute Angles by their Oppofites, thereby throwing the Roof into a Variety of Intaglio's, as the Term is, which are no. other than little ornamental Carvings at the Clofings and Croflings of the Lipes. On the Arches of the Pillars are Galleries of double Columns, j5 Feet wide, covering the Side-Infles, and enlightened by a middle Range of Windows, over which there is an upper Range, of larger Windows; by there and the under Range, together with the four capital Windows, facing the N. S. E. and W. the whole Fabric is fo admirably enlightened, that in the Day-time you are never dazzled with a Glare, nor incommoded with Darknefs. In the Walls between the Columns were ihallow Niches, arched about eight or ten Feet high, on which the Arms of the original Benefactors were depiaed, and over them in Saxon Charaders, their Titles, &'e. but thefe are almost all defaced by the Monuments of the Dead, which are Placed before them.
The next Thing obfervable is the fine PaintingsF in the great Wetl Window, of Abraham, Ifaac, and& 7acob; Mofes and Aaron, and the 12 Patriarchs; the Arms of his late Majefly, K. Sebert, and Q Elizabeth; K. Edward the Confe~fr; and the late worthy Dean, Dr. Iflcox, Bithop of Rochefler;
-this Window was fet up in the Year 1733, and is very curious; to the Left of which, in a leffer Window, 1a Painting of one of our Kings (fupS.pofed






16 Of VESTMINSTER-ABBEY
pofed of Richard II.) but the Colours being of Water Blue, no particular Face can be diffingui t In the Window, on the other Side the great Wi dow, you will fee a lively Reprefentation of Edwar the Confefor in his Robes, and under his Feet h Arms painted. There are fome other Remains, this antient Art flattered up and down in the Wi dows, but none fo perfea as thefe.
Having now taken a Survey of the open Parts this Church, the next Thing to be viewed is t Choir, which you can only fee during the Times divine Service; the grand Entrance into which is b a Pair of Iron Gates finely wrought. The oor is paved with the fineft black and white Marble : Th ancient Stalls are covered with Gothic acute Arches fupported by fmall Pillars of Iron, and painted Pur pie; but what you should particularly remark, is a ancient Painting near the Pulpit, of that moft beautiful Prince Richard II. fitting in a Chair of Gold, and dreffed in a Veft of Green flowered with Gold, having on Shoes of Gold powdered with Pearls. This Piece is in Length fix Feet eleven Inches, and in Breadth three Feet feven Inches; the lower Par much defaced. The next Thing to be remarked, is the fine Altar enclofed with a curious Balluftre, within which is a Pavement of Maofaic Work, made at the Charge of Abbot [I'are, and faid to be the moft beautiful in its Kind of any in the World. By fome Latin Verfes it appears, that the Stones whereof it is composed are ot Pbrphyry, and that it was laid in the Year 1272, ncar 490 Years ago. The Altar, which had formerly flood in a Chapel at Ihitehail, is a lately and beautiful Piece of Marble, and was removed from the Stores at
Hampton-Court in the Year 1707, by Order of her, late Majefty Queen inne, who prefented it to this Church. On each Side the Altar are Marble Doors





and if CURIOSITIES. 17
opening into St. Edward's Chapel, where our Kings retire to refreth at their Coronations.
There are feveral Afcents to the Roof of this Church, particularly one at the Weft Corner of the North Grofs, another at the Eaft Corner of the South Crofs; and over the South-Weft Tower are fall Chambers, faid to have been formerly the Habitation of Bradahaw, Prefident of the Rebels bloody Court, where he ended his Days in deep Melancholy before the Reftoration.

Of HxENRY VIlth's Chapel.

H AVING now faid asmuchaswillbe thought
necefiry, without being tedious, of what relates to the Architeaure of this ancient Abbey, it remains fill to fay fomething of that famous Building called Hnry VI Ith Chapel, which, as we have already hinted, is undoubtedly of much later Date than the Fabric we have been defcribing. This Fander of the World, as it may well beffiled, is adorned without with 6 Gothic Towers, all beautifully ornamented with admirable Ingenuity, and jutting from the Building in different Angles. It is fituate to the Eafi of the Abbey, to which it is fo neatly joined, that at a fuperficial View it appears tobe one and the fame Building. It is enlightened by a double Range of Windows that throw the Light into fuh a happy Difpofition, as at once to pleafe the Eye and inspire Reverence. In the Towers are Niches, in which flood a Number of Statues, that for Expreflion were hardly to be equalled; but there were removed by Order of the Rump Parliament, left they Thould tumble upon the Heads of fome of its Members. There Towers are joined to the Roof, and made to firengthen it by Gothic Arches.

The





18 Of VESTA INS'TER-ABBEY
The Afcent to the Infide is from the F all m the Abbey by Steps of black Marble under a ff Portico, which leads-to the Gates opening to Body or Nave of the Chapel, before you c which you may obferve a Door on each H opening into the Side-Ifles; for it is compofed Nave and Side-If1es, every Way anfwering Plan of a Cathedral. The Gates by which you en the Nave are well worth your Obfervation : T are of Brafs moft curioufly wrought in the Man of Frame-Work, having in every other open P nel a Role and Portcullis alternately. Being ent ed, your Eye will naturally be direaced to the 1 Ceiling, which is wrought with fuch aflonifhing riety of Figures as no Defcription can reach Stalls are of brown Wainfcot with Gothic Canop moff beautifully carved, as are the Seats with tftr Devices; more particularly the Carving under Seats are monftrous Reprefentations of beafly A tions, but fo firongly expreffed by the Artificer, nothing on Wood is now remaining equal to The Pavement is of black and white Marble, d at the charge of Dr. Killigrew, once Prebendary this Abbey, as appears by two infcriptions, one a Plate of Brafs infixed in the Rife towards the Fo der's Tomb; the other cut in the Pavement. Ealk View from the Entrance prefents you with Bral sa Chapel and Tomb of the Founder, and ro it, where the Eail End forms a Semicircle, are Chapels of the Duke of Buckingham and Rickms and the open Spaces and Windows, where is Tomb of Shfded Duke of Buckingham, and the figy of the Counters of Richmond. The Side b open to the Nave at the Eaft End, on each Side t Founder's Tomb; and at the EaRft End of the So" Ifle is the Royal Vault ; and of the other, the numents of the Princes murdered; the Walls, well of the Nave as of the South Ifles, are wrou





and its CURIOSITIES. 19
in the moft curious Imagery imaginable, and contains 12olargeStatues of Patriarchs, Saints, Martyrs, and Confefors, placed in Niches, under which are Angels supporting imperial Crowns, befides innumrable fall ones, all of them efleemed fo curious, that the bell Mafiters have travelled frQm abroad to copy them. The Windows, which are 13 on each Side above, and as many below, in the North .and South Ifles, befides the fpacious Eaft Window, jut out into the Gothic Towers, and were formerly of painted or diapered Glafs, having in every Pain a white Rofe, the Badge of Lancafler, or an the initial Letter of the Founder's Name, and Portculliffes, the Badge of the Beaufort's crowned, of which there are fome now remaining. The Roof is lattih, and is fupported on Arches between-the
ve and the Side Ifles, which turn upon twelve Itately Gothic Pillars curioufly adorned with Figes, Fruitage, and Foliage. The Length of this hpe within is 99 Feet, the Breadth 66, and the Height 54*
We hall now proceed to the Curiofities that are fualaly thewn to Strangers in WAflminfler-.dbby.

Of tb Toms and other MONUMENTS in the feveral CHAPELS.

Shave already taken Notice that there are
ten enclofed Chapels belonging to /efmin.fer-bbey, including Henry VIIth's, Juft now decrilbd but as it would be a tedious Work to enter out ely into a Defcription of each, we hall ratherchufe to go Hand in Hand with your Guides, iving you an Account of their Contents.
fThe Nams of the feveral Chapels, beginning M the South Crofs, and fo paying round to the Weth Crofs, are, in Order, as follow: i. St. Benedit7





20 Of WtSTMINSTER-ABsEY.
nedH7; 2. St. Edmund; 3. St. Nicholas; 4* VII. 5. St. Paul; 6. St. Yohn the Baptil; 7. Chapel; 8. St. 7ohn the Evangefl ; 9. St Mic, and jo. St. Andrew: Befides which, the Chap Edward the Confefflr flands as it were in the' ter; and, as has been faid, is inclofed in the B of the Church.


Of the TOMBS in the Chapel of St. BENEDIrC

N the Chapel of St. Benedia you are thewn
antient Tomb of Free-ftone, railed with on the Side next the Area, having formerly a nopy of Wood now quite demolished and bro away; on which lies the Image of Archbifhop L ham, who was firft a Monk, afterwards a Prior, t an Abbot of Weminfter, and laftly Archbifhop Canterbury. There is a Latin Epitaph round Tomb, letting forth, '" That he was Monk, Pri "* and Abbot of this Abbey; afterwards eleaed thop of London; but Ely being then alfo vaca he made Choice of that See; that he was Prim and Chancellor of England; Prieft-Cardinal, terwards Bifhop-Cardinal of Prenefte; and Nu 4* cio from the Pope : And that hedied onthe F I of St. Mary Magdalene, in the Year 1376, whole Soul God have Mlercy, and grant him Joys of Heaven for the Merits of Chrift." was made Cardinal by Pope Urban V, with the tie of St. Sextus, but was deprived of his Arch ihoprick by King Edward the Third, for being p moted without his Confent : In I369 he was m Bilhop-Cardinal of Prenefte, by Pope Gregory X and had the Profits affigned him of the Archd conries of Taunton and WJ/ells; founded a Houte Carthufians at A-vignon in Provence, at which Pl he was firft buried, and afterward removed here.
N-






and its CURIOSITIES, 2
Next is a fIately and curious Monument of black sad wnite Marble, 'on which are two Images in a cmbeat' Pofture, reprefenting an ancient Nobleman in his Robes, with his Lady. This Monument was ereaed. in Memory of Lyonel Cranfield, Earl of Middlefex, by his Reli& Lady Anne: The Latin Infeription on this Monument is to this Ef. fea :
Sacred to the Memory of Lyonel Lord Cranfeld,
Earl of Middlefex, who by that difcerning Prince a K. 'ames I. being called to Court, was for his Excellent Parts bountifully rewarded both with
H onours and Fortune; being made Mafter of the SRequefts, and of the Wardrobe; Prefident of the SCQurt of Wards, and Privy-Counfellor. The Snew and illuftfrious, as well as difficult Province C of Lord Treatiurer of England, he fill'd; which SServices, (how indefatigably he underwent) his a Titles of Knight, Baron Cranfield, and lafly Earl C of Middfex, with various other Honours, abun- dantly teflify. From hence Envy fwelling, its i utmoft Efforts were exerted to raife Storms ac gainft him. Whilft he boldly flanding on his Guard, encouraged by the Confcioufnefs of his SInnocence, was shamefully toffed about; but happily efcaping Shipwreck, in a compofed WiaSter of Life, caft Anchor, and finiffhed his Courfe in a retired Leifure. Here lying concealed, -be'ing weary'd out firf, and wafted afterwards, this a Pilot was routed up to undertake a fafer Voyage, and made the Port of Heaven. He died the 6th of dugufl, 1645, aged about 7o. He was twice Smarried; by his firf Wife he had three Daugh' ters Elizabth, late Countefs of Mulgrave; MarS-the, Countefs of Monmouthb ; and Mary, who died u married. By the fecond, who furvived him, She had three iSons and two Daughters, 'ames,
e tq te Honour of Earl Middlefx ; Lyondl "aji4






22Of WESTMINSTER-ABBEY
and Edward; Frances, Lady Buckharji; an 4f 'anna, who died an Infant."
Near Bjfhop Langham's Tomb, is another IS Inches from the Ground, on which is engr on a Brafs Plate the Figure of an old Man in a tor's Habit, defigned for Dr. WFi//lliam Bill, Dei IVefnin/?er, Mafter of Eton College, Head of nity in Cambridge, and chief Almoner to Q. beth, as appears by his Infcription. He died 'u 1561. On a Brafs Plate are fome Latin Ve fetting forth, That he was a good and lea Man, and a Friend to thofe that were fo ; he was juft and charitable; and that the Poor well as the three Colleges over which he fided, fuftained an irreparable Lofs by Death."
On the Eaft, on the very Spot where flood Altar of St. Benedid, is now a fine Monument various Kinds of Marble, to the Memory of L Frances, Countefs of Hertford, who is here rep fented in her Robes in a cumbent Pofture, with Head refting on an embroidered Cufhion, and Feet on a Lion's Back. The Sculpture of this nument is extremely curious, and well worth At tion. It feems to reprefent a filately Temple, wh the Enfigns and Devices of the noble Families Some-fet and Eff ,igham, appear to be the chief naments. The Latin Inferiptions fet forth, "T the was \Vife to the noble Earl of Hertford, to the renowned Prince Edward, Duke of Som "' fit, Earl of Hertford, Vifcount Beauchamp, a cc Baron Seymour: That fhe was daughter to t "* Noble Lord f/iliam, Baron Howard, of Efi ham, Knight of the Garter, High Admiral to ,C Mary, and Lord Chamberlain and Privy Seal Q Elizabeth, &c. That for her many Gra both of Mind and Body, fhe was highly favour %' by her gracious Sovereign, and dearly loved





aniS CtUOSITIES. 23
l~~ od; who, in Teilimony of his inviO~c 0eato, confecraed to her Memory this
Mnwrt.- She die I in the 44th Year of her
A pya14~, 1598."
Oph outhi Side of this Chapel is a Monument
afie oh Wall, to the Memory of Dr. Gabriel Godawho is kiere reprefented kneeling, in his proer abi.'.The Latin Infcription intimates,
-1 bavh ws the fifth Dean of this Church, over whchh prefsicdd for 40 Years with much Ap4 lif- tha~t he founded an Hofpital, and inilitue School, at Rutbin, in DenbigljZ'ire, where he wa born i that he was a Man of a regular and ~devout Life ; and that he, died in 16oi, aged 73."--Uhlis Dr~. Gvcdman was the firft who rail-ed th eaned Cambden from Obfcurity, by making
himfecndN$Vftr of Weflainfler School, and defrayn the txpences of feveral, of his Journies in
Serhof Antiquities.
On thefae Side, and under the adjoining Arch,
isanetTable Monument of white MVIarble, to the Memry f Gerge Sprat, feconfd Son of 1Lr. Tbomai
4rt 1hop of Racbe/ler, and Dean of TV/mi:ni/er, bY isWi fe ena, defeended from the ancient and honourabe Family of the Wdfteys in Staffsrd/hire, wh lis nterrd In the Chapel of St. Nicholas. He
didanIfant of a year old, in 1683.
Bfdsthofe above recited, there lies interred in IbsCae, C-therint, Daughter to Dr. Do/ben, Bilbpo Roeheqer, Dean of JJ1V/min/er, and after;rd rhblfhop of yri ; a Countefs of Kilarein ked and Dr. 'John SPotfwood, Lord Archbif~hop of S _4dre's, Primate and Lord Chancellor of
Be 'ie If 1640.
Betee this Chapel and the next, you will oherv afliedin the Wall, a Monument of Mofaic WQT~ theSides in plain Pannels, but the Top of
tue oA WI&in" Figures, W~d to be done with the






24 Of WESTMINSTER-ABBEY
the fame Kind of Stones as the Floor befo Altar, and ere&ed for the Children of Henry I Edwarbl. Over this Tomb is fomnething feems to have been a Piece of Church Perfp but now almofl defaced. This certainly was a rich and cofily Monument; for in the Rcor the Tower, there is the King's Order for er fuch a one in this Place, and for allowing N Simon de Wells five Marks and a Half to defra Expences in bringing from the City a certain
Image to fet upon the Tomb of his Daughter tharine, and for paying to Simon de Gloucefler King's Goldfmith, 70 Marks for a Silver I for the like Purpofe.


Of the T oMBs, &c. in the CHAPEL O
St. EDMUND.

N E X T in Order you will be fhewn the Ch
of St. Edmund, at the Entrance of which, your Left Hand, is a Monument facred to the ,;nory of 7ohn of Eltham, fecond Son of K. Ed II. and fo called from Elthamn in Kent, the Pla his Nativity, where our Englih Kings had on Palace. His Statue is of white AlabaPfter, the encircled in a Coronet of greater and leffer Lea remarkable for its being the firfi of the Kind i Habit is that of an armed Knight. He died in land at the Age of nineteen, unmarried ; tho' t/ different Matches had been propofed to him; Jaft of which, to Mary Daughter of Ferdinand I of Spain, he accepted; but lived not to confumm it. His Funeral was fo magnificent and coftly, the Prior and Convent demanded iool. (a Sum then) tor Horfe and Armour, prefent there the Day of his Burial. This Monument is by f Authors faid to belong to H. Holland, Duke of






Ind its CURIOSITIES- 2
air, Who perulhed at Sea in the Reign of Edward IV.
A t~e Feet of tbis is lately ere~ed a hand/sint Monument f wbite Marble, with the following lnfcription.
in this Chapel lies interred all that was mortal of he anoft Ill uffrious and moff Benevolent.7ohn Paul AMewad, Earl of Stafford, who in 1738 married Efiabh Daughter of A Ewens, of the County of &uterfet, Efijuire, by Elizabeth his Wife, eldeft Daughter of _ohn Saint Abin, of Aoxton, in the famue County, Efquire.

His Heart was as truly Great and Noble
As his high Defcent.
Faithful to his God,
Lover of his Country,
A Relation to Relations,
Detefter of Detradfion,
A Friend to Mankind :
-Naturally Generous and Compaffionate;
His Liberality and his Charity to the Poor
were without Bounds.
We therefore piously hope that at the ]aft Day,
His Body will be received in GloryInto the everlafting Tabernacles.
Being fnatch'd away fuddenly by Death,
Which he had long meditated and expeaed
with Conitlancy,
He went to a better Life'the firfi of Afpril, 17 62; Having lived firty-one Years, nine Months, and
fix Days.
The Contefii Dowager, in Teflimony of her great
Ai'dion and Refpea to her Lord's Memory
hscaufed this Monument to be placed -here.
The Pigures round the Infcription are the anCkt -B44C3 of HQjiwwr b.-onging to the StaFford






26" Of WESTMINSTER-ABBEY
Family, who defend by ten different Marri from the royal Blood of England and France.
Invented and flained by Robert Cbham
Next to this is a fmall Table Monument which lie the Figures of ifliam, of [Findfor, Son of Edward III. who died in his Infancy; of Blanch of the Tower, Sifter to Il"liam, likewife died young, having obtained their names from the Places of their Nativity. Vha remarkable, they are dreffed in the Habits of t Time, the Boy in a fort Doublet of the Indec cy whereof Chaucer's Parfon complains; the in a horned Head-drefs, which Stow fays was frig ful. Between the Monuments of Lady Fran Dutchefs of Sufolk, and Jsohn of Elthbam, Earl Cornwall, againicft the Eaft Wall, is a Monun ereeed to the Memory of Nicholas Aonck, Pr of Eton, Bilhop of Hereford, and Brother to G, Mock Duke of Albemarle, &c. He died Dec the iith, t661, aged 50. His Grandfon Cbi pher Rawlinfion, Efq; of Cark in Lancafhire, ca this to be erected in 1723.
On another Tomb, railed from the Floor, the EfEgy of Lady Frances Dutchefs of Suffli her proper Robes. She was Daughter of the mous Charles Brandon, (of whole gallant AM fee a more particular Account in the Hiffory of Tower, lately publifhed) by Mary the French Daughter to Henry VII. and became herself Dut of Suffolk, by marrying H-eniy Grey, then MAfarqu Dorfet, but upon her I ather's Deceafe created of Suf/alk, and afterwards beheaded for be?nag cerned in Wyat's Attempt for dethroning their Q AUary: By the Duke the had two Daug Lady Jane and Catherine; Lady 7ane was mi to Lord Guildford Dudley, Son to the Duke of tb






and its CrunoSITIES. 27
gmberland, and afterwards proclaimed Queen, but nQt being properly supported, fell a Sacrifice to the Refentment of her Succeffor, who cut off the Heads of her Hufband and Father-in-Law, as well as that of her Father; Lady Catherine was more fortunate, and married firif Lord Herbert, Son to the Earl of Pembroke, and afterwards Edward Earl of Hertford.
-Being now deprived of a Hufband and Daughter, the Dutchefs herfelf fell under the Difpleafure of the Court on Account of her Religion, and was charged with drefing a Cat in a Rochet in Ridicule of the episcopal Dignity ; this Charge was vigoroufly profecuted againfi her by the fecret Dire6ion of Gardiner, Bithop of Winchbefler; who being under Confinement in the'r Tower in the preceding Reign, and feeing the Dutchefs pafs under his Window, made her a very courteous Reverence : But her Grace, inftead of returning the Compliment, told bim with an Air of Contempt, It was well for the Lambs, now the Woves were fut up ; which Slight he nevr forgave : So that, not being able to forefee the Confequences, fthie judged it moft prudent privately to retire into the Country, where the foon after married one Adrian Stock, Efq; and with him lived unknown and unnoticed, till the Acceflion of Q. Elizabeb to the Crown, when the again appeared at Court, and became a great Favourite, infoMuch, that the Queen, in Regard the was lineallh defended from Henry VII. diftinguifhed her with an Augmentation of the Arms of England, viz. a Border Gaubony, Gold and Azure ; which at her Funeral was placed with her Anceftors Arms in Bannrs, Banner-Rolls, Lozenges, and Scutcheons; and
nrtered on the Monument we are now deferibing.
'M Time of her Death is no where to be found,
bu it certain the died before her second Huf- --Inp~o's Martyrology the Sufferings of
for the reformed Religion, are fully S2 .related






28 Of WESTMiNsTut-ABnEy related; and, if' we may credit what is there down, the was once reduced to fuch Mifery after wandering up and down till fh wa to be obliged to lie a long Vinter's Night I Charch-Y ard. On her T omb are two Inf tons; the flrft in Latin '/erfe, magriifying her tue ; the fecond in Engijft3hew.ing her duffe Alarriaues.
The next that prefents is a fttely Jonumen vhite Marbie, reprcfonting a Y.-uft i Crec.ian mour, fitting on a Grepe' I k the Latin Lnfcrip-tion {ets fcth. -e mory Francis Hll~is, by 7ohnr. i) ~ then This brave Youth, 2ftei naking a Cqmpsiign in Fe-indtrs, 6. i '1 1622, agred IS. JL CEPLTAPH- is thus

TV.7atfo tbu haj? of Volure or of ~~s
routb, Beaut),, StrenszgIb, or wka: exce, Aifl P Of M~irnd and Body L0tes t'nes~ I
Ris eighteen Y'ears, beyrnd his reats, btooz, ht glenjiand and read t;?)'df within this Glafs, Hlow fron thefe periO', a;id thyfilf vmsy pafi ; .Man's Life is meafured by the Ifork not Days,
L aed 8Sloth, but active 2outh bath Pra~e-.

Or. an Altar in the fame Tafle, but diffe ornamented, fits in a fleeping Poffure, the l of Lady Elizabeth Ru 1e, Daughter of Lord in white Alibafter. I our Guides will tell you
&h dd with a Prick of her Finger, which is raife Pity in the Minds of the Sped ators ; Story has no other Foundation, than the Mi1fa henfion of the Statuary's Defign ; for having, fented her as afleep, and pointing with her : to a Death's Head under her right Foot, it ha fuppofed that her Finger bled, and that the ng had clofcd her Eyes in Deatho' whcreast






nd ts CUiosrrTIEs. 29
of the Artift feems rather to allude to the comSituation of her Mind at the Approach of th which flhe confidered only as a profound Sleep, from which the was again towake in a joyful Refurre&ion ; of which the Motto under her Feet is a clear Illuftration; Dormit, non mortuaefq ;
* She is not dead, but fleepeth." The Latin Incription on the Scroll beneath, only tells that her af3ided Sifter Am erected this Monument to her Memory. The Device is an Eagle, the Emblem of Eternity, landing on a Florilege of RoWithin the Rails which enclofe this laft Monuinent is a moft magnificent one of various coloured Marble and Alabafter, painted and gilt, ere&ed to the Memory of Lord Rul (Son and Heir to Francis Earl of Bedford) and his Son Francis by Brzaktb, Daughter of Sir Antbony Cook, Knt. and Widow of Sir Thomas Mdoby, Knt. He is reprefented in a cumbent Polture, habited in his Coronation Robes, with his Infant Son at his Feet. His Lady was efieemed the Sappho of her Age, beng well verfed in the learned Languages, and an excellent Poet; five of the Epitaphs on this Tomb are of her Compofition, of which three are in Latin, one in Greek, and the other in Englif ; which is here tranfcribed as a Specim6n, the reft being to the fame Import:

Right noble twice, by Virtue and by Birth,
Of Heaven lov'd, and honour'd on the Earth;
His countryy s Hope, his Kindred's chief Delight, .My Hufband dear, more than this WVGrld's Light, Death hath me reft. But I from Death will take
His Memory, to whoma this Tomb I make.
n .washisNamne (ah,was !) Wretch, mnuft I fay;
oRuflonce, now my tear-thirfcy Clay.

133 'Affixed






30 Of WESTMINSTER-ABBEY
Affixed to the Wall near this Monument are others, one to the Memory of Lady 7ane Se Daughter to Edward Duke of Somerfiet, who Alarch the 19th, 1560, aged nineteen; the to the Right Honourable the Lady Katharine lys, chief Lady of the Queen's Bed-chamber, Wife to Sir Francis Knollys, Knt. Treafurer her Highnefs's Houfhold. She died Yan. the 1568. This Lady Knollys and Lord Hunfdon, Brother, were the only Children of W/lliam C Efq; by Lady Alary his Wife, one of the Da ters and Heirs of Thomas Buieine, Earl of Wdt; and Ormond, and Sifter to Ann BuZe)ne, Quee, England, Wife to Henry VIII. Father and Mot to Queen Eizabeth. What is farther remark Lady Kno/lys's only Daughter was Mother to the vourite Eail of Efex.
Under the Window that fronts you when enter, is a very ancient Monument, reprefentin Gothic Chapel, and in it the Figure of a Knight Armour, in a cumbent Pofture, with his Feet ing on a Lion's Back. This was ere6led for Bernard Brocas, of Baurepaire in the County Hants, (Gutberie calls him Brokehoufe) Chamber to Ann, Queen -to Richard II. But this Prin dying, and Richard falling under the Dirpleafur, his People, who depofed him, Sir Bernard fill hered to his Royal Maftiler in his Misfortun which coft him his Life; for being concerned W many others in an unfuccefsful Attempt to rcf him to the Crown, he fhared the common Fate almost all the Leaders in that Confpiracy, and executed, as fome fay, at Oxford, but others, better Grounds, that he was taken at Rei and from thence removed to London, and public beheaded on Tower-Hill,Jan. 1399, and here bur
Next adjoining to the Weft Side of this is Monument of Sir Richard Peckfall, Knt. Maler





ad itr CULIoslTIES. 31
tC Buk-Hounds to Q Elizabeth; firil married to
ir, the Daughter of William Pawlet, Marquis 4 rMche/r, by whom he had four Daughters; nd aftwards to Alianer, Daughter to 7ohn Cotrae, who erected this Monument to his Memory, as appears by the Infcription: On the Bafis of the Pillars are Latin Verfes thus tranflated;

Death can't disjoin, whom Chri/fl hath join'd in
Love
Life leads to Death, and Death to Life above.
In Heaven's a happier Place, frail Things defpife,
Live *ell, to gain in future Life the Prize.

N r this is 2n ancient Monument of grey Marle on which in plated Brafs, is the Figure of a it inArmour; his Head reclined upon his l and one of his Feet placed upon a Leopard e other on an Eagle. By the Latin Infcription this' Knight was umpbry Bourchier, Son and Hir to ohn Bourchier, Lord Barners; who, efpoufthg the Caufe of Edward IV. againft the Earl of W k, was flain in 'the Battle of Barnet-feld, on
Eahr-Day r., tho' the King was vidorious.
Or the Right Hand as you enter this Chapel is
the ancient Monument of William de Valence, lying Sa combent Poftlure on a Chetl of Wainfcot placed upon a Tomb of grey Marble; the Figure is ood, covered originally with Copper gilt, as was the Chet in which it lies, but the greatest Part has been filched away; and of 30 fmall Images that were pac in little Bras Niches round it, fcarce one rans entire. This William de Valence was Earl of Pembroke, and Son to the Earl of March, by I/abel *titldow to King John ; and being Half-Brother to
y IL was made Prime-Minifter to that Prince,
w brought upon him the Odium of the Barons.
l tomaintain his Poft, he was at length, B 4 in






32 Of WESTMINSTER-ABBEY.
in 1237, forced to fly, leaving his Lands in gage to one Aa on a Jew at York, for go M Gold; which feems to have been a confid Sum, by the Account given of the Splendor Equipage at his Departure. About two Years having fquandered his Money abroad, the Ki terefled himfelf in his Favour; and, having fo ed his Return, befowed upon him the Gover of Hertford-Caile, of which he made a wanton for, being a Foreigner, and for that Reafon
by the Enilfh, he flipt no Opportunity to m
them: Matthiew Paris gives one Inflance
many of his infolent Behaviour to the Biho Fly, whole Park at Hatfeld lying contiguous t Government, Valence forcibly entered it without Bifhop's Leave, and having hunted till he wasI broke open the Bifhop's Houfe, Pantries, and lars, and feafting himfelf and Followers till were gorged and drunk, committed the mo multuous Outrages, pulling out the T-aps of Cafks that were empty, and broaching thofe were full, fuffering what they left to run about Cellars, and beating the Servants unmerci that oppofed their Riot. This done they we laughing at their Mifchief. In the Year 125 was again banifhed, together with many other reigners, who had made themfelves obnoxion the Engl/h Barons; however, in 1264, we him once more in England at the Battle of E Jfam, where the King was taken Prifoner by Barons, and he with 4c00 Cuirafilers, fled to Caftle of Peveny till they found Means to tr port themfelves into France, where in 1296 he fiain at Bayonne treacheroufly. His Body was a wards brought to England, and honourably buit in this Chapel, and an Indulgence of oo granted to all devout People who should offer Prayers for his Soul.






and its CLiTROSITIES.' 33
Salence, is a moft magnificent Monua, Partly enclofed, to the Memory of Edward
eight Earl of Shrjwfhury, and his Lady
eldeft Daughter and Coheirefs of Cuthbert on gle, whole Effigies in their Robes lie on a black Marble Table, fupported by a Pedeftal of Alabaftr. This Monument is finely ornamented, =A the Carving on the various coloured lMarble is exquisite. The Infeription contains nothing more than his Titles and Chara&ler, which is in-ed very high: He washonourable without Pride: Potent without Offentation: Religious without Superlition: Liberal both in Mind and Bouny: Wadedver against Fortune, his whole Life was a Path ofJuftice; and his Innocence efcaping Envy;
cnued through the whole Courfe of his Life. He died FeMruary 8th, 1617, in the 57th Year of his Age.
On the Floor of this Chapel is a Tomb two Feet hig, on which is a Lady in a Widow's Drefs with aBarb and Veil, cut in Brafs, round which is an Inkription in old French, importing that i'ianer de Bobun, Daughter and Heirefs of Sir Humphry de Ahtw, Earl of Hertford, E]fx, and Northampton, and
Wife to the mighty and noble Prince of Wodftock, Duke of Glouceier, Earl of Effex and Buckingham, Son to Henry IL. lies interred here.-This Lady, who was the greateft Heirefs in England, was deprived of her Hufband by the Cruelty of his Nepw, Richard 11. who, jealous of his Popularity, s0f treacheroufly betrayed him by a Shew of idhip; for coming t vifit him at Plafhy, a
Rt of his in AIe, and flaying Supper, in
he thought to attend his Majefty to Town;
but a afrd was fuddenly furrounded by an Amarmed Men, who privately hurried him on
and carried him to Calais, where, by
A 4 he was flified between Feather-






34 Of WESTMINSTER-ABBEY
Beds. After this melancholy Accident his fpent the reft of her Days in the Nunnery ats ing, and died Oflober 3, I399; from when Remains were brought, and here interred. Duke her Hufband was murdered in 1397.
Mary Countefs of Staford, Wife to the unf mate Vifcount Staford, beheaded in the Rei King Charles II. on Tower-Hill, has alfo a Monument of white Marble near the above. was lineally defcended from the noble Perfo juft mentioned, and from the Barons and Ear Staford, and was Daughter and Heirefs to the ble Houfe of Buckingham. Lord Staford was headed December 29, 168o ; the Counters died /anuary 1693.
Againft the Wall, above the Duke of S1 Monument, is one erected to the Memory ofA Countefs of Staffojrd, and of Henry Earl of Sta her Son, who died abroad in 1719, and was b in this Chapel.
In this Chapel are likewife interred fome Perfons of lefs Note than thofe already defcri particularly Henry Ferne, D. D. Bifhop of Ch which he lived to enjoy but five Weeks, d March 16, 1662.
There is alfo an Archbifhop buried here, a pears by a very antique Figure in a Mars J engraven on a Brafs Plate, and placed on a flat S in the Pavement, over the Remains of Robe Walby; who, as appears by the Infcription, firft an Auguflin Monk, and attended Edward Black Prince into France, where, being young profecuted his Studies, and made a furprizing grefs in natural and moral Philofophy, Phyfic, Languages, and in the Canon Law; and being I wife an eloquent Preacher and found Divine, made Divinity Profeffor in the Univerfity of loufe; where he continued till called by Ricard







912d iff CIRroSMTES. 35
tte eBiIopric of Man-, from whence he was reiito'vd to the Archbifhopric of Dublin ; but not liking that Country, upon the firif Vacancy he was ieeled, ansd advanced to the See of Chicheiler ; and afterwards to the Archbifhopric of rork. ISuch Iis the Hiflory of this great Man, who died May 29i 1397, as gathered from an Infcriptio n formerly very legible but now almoft obliterated..
There is another Grave-ftone on the Weft Sidd of this Chapel, of black Marble, facred to the Memory* of Edward Lord Herbert, Baron of Cherbury in England, and of Cajile-Ireland in Ireland, who,died December %, 1678, aged 46.

Of tt Tomns, &c. in the CHAPEL Of
St. NiCHOLAS.

T HF third, in Order, is the Chapel of St. Ni--T chalas, near the Entrance 'whereof, on your
Left Hand, you will fee a Monument of black Marble, finely poliffbed, and adorned with CheruNI. The Figures are in Alabafter, as is likewife
-the Scroll, on which a long Infcription in Engiib is fairly written, fettirig forth the Defcent and Marfimge of Lady 7ant ClIffnd, youngeft Daughter to th Duike of &omerfet, and Wife to Charles Lord &kffard and Dru'gar'va; who died November 23,

Ad~joining to the Door, on the fame Side is a Monument of Alabafter, ere~ted for Lady Cecil, 14dy of t~h Bed-Chamber to Queen Elizabeth, and Uui~ter* of Lord Co2bbam ; who having married Sir.
5g*h Cecil, Son to William Lord Burlcigh, Treafu'tE Ew9gamd4 died in Child-bed two Years after,
"159 1. The Latin Infcription is a Dialogue
herself and Iiufband; exprelling their mnu-U '
But






36 Of WESTMINSTER-ABBnEY.
-But what will chiefly excite your Admir a moft magnificent Temple of various c Marble erected to the Memory .Anne Dutc Somerfet, Wife to Edward Duke of Somerfet, ther to K. Henry VIIIth's third Wife, Quee Seymour, and Uncle to Edward VI. and fome Regent during his Minority; but afterward graced, accufed of treafonable and felonious prices againfl the King and Council, tried Peers, acquitted of Treafon, but condem Felony in levying armed Men contrary For which Crime he was fentenced to be but in Refpeat to his Quality, was behead Tower-Hill, January 22, 1551. Our Hift fay, that at his Trial, when he was acquitted Treafon, and the Tower-Ax was removed, th pie imagining the Duke was wholly cleared, a Shout which was heard in Long-dcre; and Perfons, before the second Vote paffed, took and pofled into the Country, where they dif the joyful News of the Duke's total Acquitta Confiequence whereof many Profecutions we terwards commenced on Account of the J People discovered on that Occafion. The I, tion on this Tomb is in Latin and Engifh, an tains a pompous Detail of the noble Lineage great Lady (who was Daughter to Sir Edward hope, by Elizabeth Daughter of Foulke Bor Lord Fitz-f'aren) her Alliances, and Iffue has nothing otherwife remarkable in it. Sh Jpril i6, 1587, at Hatmworth, aged 90.
Next to this is a flately Monument to the mory of Lady Elizabeth Fane, Daughter to Baron Spencer, of Iformleighton, and WVife George Fane, of Buffon in Kent; remarkable her Infcription, for her ancient Defcent; but for her own Virtues. She died in z6z8, age






od tj CURIosITIES. 37
this, and affxed to the Wall, is an anSMonument of grey Marble finely wrought,
over Niebolas Baron Garew, and the Lady
ar his Wife, Daughter of 7ohn Lord Dinham, ad I believe Mother to Sir Nicholas Carew, beheaded i 'Hy Villth's Time for holding a Correfpon4ece with Cardinal de la Pole, and fpiriting up a Rebellion on Account of Religion, as were many the in that arbitrary Reign. He died December 6, 470: She December 13i, the fame Year.
On a Grave-flone beneath this Tomb, engraven on Bras, is the Portrait of Sir -umphry Stanley, knighted by Henry VII. for his gallant Behaviour Shis Coufin Lord Stanley at the Battle of Bofwrth--fied He died March x2, 1505.
'Next to this is one of the moft cofily and magificent Monuments in the whole Abbey, ereded by the great Lord Buriigh, to the Memory of Mildred his Wife, and their Daughter Lady inne, Countfs of Oxford. It is the Reprefentation of a lately Temple, the Materials whereof are of Porphyry, and other Kinds of Marble gilt with Gold. It is divided into two Compartments, one elevated over the other. In the lower Compartment in a cumbent Poflure, lies Lady Burleigh, with her Daughter, Lady 7ane, in her Arms; and at her Head and Feet are her Children and Grandchildren kneeling. Sthe upper Compartment is the Figure of a venerable old Man, in the Robes and Enfigns of the Garter, kneeling very devoutly, as if at fervent Prayer fuppoted to be defigned for Lord Burleigh. On this Tomb is a long Latin Infcription explaining e Figures, and fetting forth their refpedive Virtues nd Accomplifiments, particularly thofe of Lady
umrlgh, who, fays the Infeription, was well verfed n the Sacred Writers, and thofe chiefly of the
rs, as Bafil the Great, Chryfoftome, Gregory Nac. She gave a Sholarlhip to St. John' to College






38 Of WVESTMINSTER-ABBEY.
College in Oxford, Legacies to the Poor of R where fhe was born, and to thofe of Cbehunt the lived ; and left MonJe, at both Places to tributed every other Year tc poor Tradefmnen. died, after bein2 40 Years married, April 4, aged 63. Her Da.ughter Anne married, at f Edward Ve-e, Earl of Oxford, and died 'u7 1588, 1- Years after, leaving three Daughters
Next to this is a Monument eredted to the mory of William de Dudley, alias Sutton, Son of Lord Dudtey: lie was Archdean of :iidd' efr, of Winfjbr, and in 1476 Lord Bilhop of Du? He died in 483
Another very flately Monument to the MAe of Lady TFFnfred, married firft to Sir Richard vile, Knt. and afterwards to Jehn Paulet, Mar of Whinchfter. On the Bafe before this Mc ment, are the Figures of a Knight armed and kn ing, facing him is a Lady in deep Mourning kn ing alfo; behind whofe Back, on a baptifmal F lies an Infant in a cumbent Pofiure, its Head ported by a Pillow, alluding perhaps to her Marriage and Iffue; being represented on the To in her Robes of State, and beneath her He embroidered Cufhion. The Latin Epitaph imp that fhle was defcended of illuftrious Parents, married firift a Gentleman of an ancient He whole Anceftors were renowned before the C queror's Time; that her fecond Hufband wa noble Blood; and that being fevered from by Death, her Soul would rejoice in Gbriff ever.
On the Weft Side of this Chapel is an ant Monument of Free-flone, which has nothing curious but its Appearance of Antiquity to rec mend it. 'It was erected to the Memory of L Rofs, Daughter to Edward Earl of Rutland, w Son William, by WilliamCril, Lord Burlsgb, was







Ad ks CURiosiVrEs. 39
after Service in the Church, proclaimTlt~e of Lord Rofs ofHmae wut
-" $d ;r though but one Year old; and afterh i the Reign of ames I. when he came at 4kj.,,dainedthe Baronies of Rofs, H-Jmfake, TutrfW.* Bekwir, in .right of his NMotke'r, anainift
jrjsAlannery, Earl of Rialand; but the ~kiif femto have coinpromifed -the Matter, by awardingtht Cecil Ihould be filed Lord Rofs of H6tApifs and the other Lord Rofis of Hamlale, and td .tae lace below him. But Cecil dying ont his
*rraes, thes Barony of Refs revolved to the Family
-A if the. Wall, on your right Hand as yout eW i Gothic Monument, with the Effigy of :A~yi tRphe very antique. This Lady, by the *W-Cheirto _John Lord Mobun, of Duejflar ; firfl: aied to Edw~ard Plantagenet, Duke of Y'ork; and terwads, to Sir Walter Fitz-Walter, Knt. by 'nier~ of whom The appears to have had iffije. She I O inl '433.
SIn this Chapel are two beautiful Pyramids ;'the
lagf ere&ed to the Memory of Nicholas fiagenali,
1iidoftwo Months old, over-laid by his Nurfe,
Afrck the 7th, 16889; the other, to the Memory of Aw Sophia Harley, a Child of a Year old, ftt to the Hon. Chrji?opber Harley, Ambaffa" twim the French King; whofe Heart, as- appersb the Infkription, he caufed to be enclofe hiaQp and placed upon the Top of the PyraMiJ She died in i6oS.
b 1I the Middle of thii Chapel is a fine raifed MoAfonfof Poliffied Marble, to the Memory of Sir OmrVdas and his Lady, Mary Beaumont created
.0treiro Buckingham in 16 18. She died April
V. ged 62, whofe Son,, by the Favour of
was. advacd to the Dignity of Duke






40 Of WESTMINSTER-ABBEY
Duke of Buckingham, and afterwards in t Year of King Cbarles I. flabbed by Feton, he had by his Meafures brought upon hi public Hatred. This is that Sir Georgei whole Appearance, in order to forewarn bi of his approaching Fate, Lord Clarendon rela following Story:
There was, fays he, an Officer in the Wardrobe in Windfor Cafile, of a good Rep for Honefty and Difcretion, and then abo Age of fifty Years or more: This Man had, i Youth, been bred in a School in the Parifhi Sir George Villars the Father of the Duke lived had been much cherifhed and obliged,. in tha fon of his Age, by that Gentleman, whom wards he never faw. About fix Months befo miferable End of the Duke of Bucdingham, a Midnight, this Man being in his Bed at II where his Office was, and in very good there appeared to him on the Side of hisB Man of a venerable Afpea, who drew the tains of his Bed, and fixing his Eyes upon alked him, if he knew him ? The poor Man, dead with Fear and Apprehenfion; being afk fecond time, Whether he remembered him? having in that Time called to his Memory the fence of Sir George Villars, and the very Cloat ufed to wear, in which he then feemed to be bited, he answered hima, That he thought hi be that Perfon. He replied, he was in
Right; that he was the fame, and that he ped6ed a Service from him; which was, t
* should go from him to his Son the Duk s Buckingham, and tell him, if he did not what to ingratiate himself to the People, o
* leaft, to abate the extreme Malice they Sagainft him, he would be fuffered to live fhort Time." After this Difcourfe he






nd is CURIOSITIES. 4f
pa and the poor Man, if he had been at all
ai fept very well till Morning, when he beSedA this to be a Dream, and confidered it no

The next Night, or Ihortly after, the fame Pero appeared to him again in the fame Place, and about the fame Time of the Night, with an Afpe6 a little more fevere than before; and afked him, Whether he had done as he had required him ? and perceiving he had not, gave him very fevere Reprehedons; told him, He expected more Compliace from him; and that if he did not perOrM his Commands, he flhould enjoy no Peace of I, but should be always purfued by him :" pon hc he promifed to obey him. But the
next Morning waking out of a good Sleep, though Swas ecingly perplexed with the lively Refetation 4f all Particulars to his Memory, he Swilling iill to perfuade himself that he had on. ly d e. And confidered, that he was a Perfon at s a Diftance from the Duke, that he knew not how to find any Admition to his Prefence; much
Shad any Hope to be believed in what he should ay. So with great Trouble and Unquietnefs, he pent foe Time in thinking what he flthould do; d in the End refolved to do nothing in the Mat-W.
The fame Perfon appeared to him the third Time h a terrible Countenance, and bitterly reproachd him for not performing what he had promifed to 4. Thoqor Man had by this Time recovered Ith urto tell him, That in Truth he had drethe Execution of his Commands, upon cnfidering, bow difficult a Thing it would be for him to get any Accefs to the Duke, having
Acqmtancewith no Perfon about him; and if
hi could -obtain Admillion to him, he should
bable to perfuade him that he was feat in






42 Of WESTAMISTER-AEY
Sin fuch a Manner; but he should, at thought to be mad, or to be fet on and ed by his own or the Malice of other abufe the Duke; and fo he should be lu undone." The Perfon rep!y'd, as he ha before, That he should never find Reft, Shad performed what he required; and t he were better to difpatch it : That the c his Son was known to be very eafy; and Men waited long for him; and for the g Shim Credit, he would tell him two or the Sticulars, which he charged him never to Sto any Perfon living, but to the Duke hi and he Thould no fooner hear them, but he believe all the reft he should fay :" And fo ing his Threats he left him.
In the Morning, the poor Man, more coe by the laft Appearance, made his Journey don, where the Court then was. He was v known to Sir Ralph Freeman, one of the Ma Requefts, who had married a Lady nearly a the Duke, and who was himfelf well recei him. To him this Man went; and though not acquaint him with all Particulars, he laid e to him to let him fee there was fomething e dinary in it; and the Knowledge he had of t briety, and Difcretion of the Man, made the Imprefflon in him. He defired, that, "
SMeans he might be brought to the Duke, I a Place, and in fuch a MIanner, as flo
thought fit; affirming, That he had mW fay to him; and of fuich a Nature, as wo
Squire Privacy, and fome Time and Pati the Hearing." Sir Ralph promnifed, He Speak firfi with the Duke of him, and th should underfiand hiS Pieafure :" And a ingly, the firfi Opportunity, he did infor Duke of the Reputation and Honefly of the






pn its CURItOSITIEM. 43
k WhAt he defired, and of all he knew of
Matter. The Duke, according to his ufual I toldhim, That he was the next
prlytohunt with the King; that his Horfes
wd attend him at Lambeth-Bridge, where he ,w ld ad by five of the Clock in the Morning ; 4 and if the Man attended him there at that Hour, i, e wold walk, and fpeak with him, as loig as SAhuld be neceffary." Sir Ralph carried the Man whh im the next Morning, and prefented him to t Duke, at his landing, who received him courcory a ad walked afide in Conference with him aann Har, none but his own Servants being then
in t Plc, and they and Sir Ralph at fuch a Difance, that they could not hear a Word, tho' the Duk dtime fpoke with great Commotion;
hh Sir Raoh the more eafily observed, becaufe bIpt bis Eyes always fixed upon him. And the 0Mtol hims in his Return over the Water, That 4When he mentioned thofe Particulars which were to gain hin Credit, the Sabfiance whereof he faid he durit not impart to him, the Duke's Colour changed, and he fwore he could come to that Knowledge only by the Devil; for that thofe Particur were known but to hHifelf and to one
Pen more, who, he was fure, would never "(peak of em."ThA Story, which Clarendon has introduced with amh Solemity, is the more remarkable as, ever after the Duke appeared abroad with Omens of Mrune in his Countenance; his unfleady MoShis dark Expreflions, his earned ly reconmmnding his Wife and Children to be remembered
Bop Laud to his Royal Mafter; his frequent

upon the tender Ties of Nature, and the Enet of Life which he was to leave behind S m nt to more than a bare Prefumption that :"from






44 Of WESTMINSTER-ABnrY.
from the Moment he was made acquainted Errand of his deceafed Father, he became poffeft with the Apprehnifions of his app Fate. Sir George died in 1619, and the D itflabbed in 1628.
Near this Tomb was buried a Son of the of Hamilton, who died in 1638. The Marq fell, after a Life of strange Viciitude, gaged in the long and bloody civil Wars du Reign of Charles I. was at length, after the of his Royal Mafter, cut off by the Ufurpe together with the Lords Capel and Holland, fo crifice to the Policy of thofe unhappy Ti none were fuffered to live who had Coura pole the prevailing Fa6lion.
Near the foremention'd Tomb is interr'd Counters of Derby, Wife of William Stan of Derby, eldeft Daughter of Edward de of OUford; Grand Daughter of Lord Burlig died in 1626.
In this Chapel lies interr'd Algernon Seymo of Somerfet, Earl of Hertford, Northumberla Egremont ; Vifcount Beauchamp of Hacche; Dercy of Ainwick, in the Country of Northumb Baron Lucy Poynings, Fitz-Payne, Bryan, Beauchampof Hacche; Baron Seymour of Iro in the County of W[ilts; Baron WFarkwrth of. worth Cafle, in the County of Northumberla Baron of Cockermouth, in the County of Cum Lord of the Honours of Cockermouth and P General of Horfe, Colonel of the Royal R of Horfe-Guards, Governor of the !land of fey and Tinmouth Caftle, Lord Lieutenant County of Sfix, &c. He died Feb. 7, 17 Banners, &c. hangover the Monument ofLa
Frances, Relict of .4Algernon Duke of Somr deft Daughter and Coheirefs of the Honourab ry Thynne, Efqi died July the 7th, 1754.





cd its CURIOSITIES. 45
izabth Dutchefs of Somerfet, George, it Beauchamp, who died of the Small- Fr, September the iith, '744, who was
only Son is likewife here interred.
s leave this Chapel, you tread upon the
m s of that great and learned Antiquary, Sir
Spthnan, who dying in a very advanced Age* s burd at the Door of this Chapel in 1641.
~7

Of ts To m Bs, &c. in H E N RY VIIth's CHAPEL.

T HI S Chapel, as has been faid, was defigned
as a Sepulchre, in which none but fuch as
Sof the Blood-Royal, should ever be interred; oingly, the Will of the Founder has been fo r oblvd, that all that have hitherto been adare of the higheft Quality, and can trace
iDecent from fome or other of our ancient

What is chiefly to be admired here, as well for Antiquity as fine Workmanihip, i4 the magnificent Tomb of HnrY VII. and Elizabeth his Queen, the 1 of the Houfe of ork who wore the Engl/b Crown. This Tomb flands in the Body of the Chapel, enclofed in a curious Chauntry of caft Brafs, mof admirably defiged and executed; and ornamt with Statues, of which thofe only of St. r taws, St. Bartholomew, and St. Edward,
Snow remaining. Within it are the Effigies of the royal Pair, in their Robes of State, lying clofe t One another on a Tomb of black Marble, the ead whereof is fupported by a red Dragon, the of Cadwalladr, the lafti King of the Britons,
whom King Henry VII. was fond of tracing
aDefcent; and the Foot by an Angel. There are
other Devics alluding to his Family and Alliances:





46 Of WESTMINSTER-ABREY
Alliances; fuch as Portcullifes, fignifying lation to the Beauforts by his Mother's Side twifted and crowned in Memory of the the two royal Houtes of Lancafler and ork" each End a Crown in a Bufh, referring to th of Richard III. found in a Hawthorn near field, where that famous Battle was fought f dem; which turning in Favour of Henry, patience was fo great to be crowned, that he the Ceremony to be performed on the po that very Crown his Competitor had lof. Prince, than whom none ever was more tious, upon the Death of his Queen, defired Dirges to befung, and MafFTes faid through England; and having ordered her Body to balmed with Spices, Myrrh, Frankincenfe, ther rich Gums, and wrapped in 60 Ells Holland cered, he caufed it to be enclofed in and put into a Coffin covered with black having a Crofs of white Sarcenet upon it, w thofe Days was an Emblem of great Sanit this Vanner the Corpfe was carried to the Chapel, (her Majeffy having died in Childthat Fortrefs) and being there covered with Pall of black Velvet, and a Crofs of Gold, the pel hung in Mourning, and illuminated wih pers, a folemn Pater-Naofler for the Soul ofth fun6t was faid, and then the Coffin being p a Hearfe covered with black Velvet, with a C Cloth of Gold fringed and her Effigy in Robes the -lair disheveled, laid upon it, having a C on her Head, a Scepter in her Hand, and Rin her Fingers, was removed to e/flminJler-Abby great Funeral Pomp, being drawn by fix i domed with white Banners of our Lady, in of her dying in Child-bed, and followed by Ladies of Honour on white Horfes richly capan ed ; attended by a grand Procellion of Relig





jjjCPI0SIIF3.47 th Mayor and Commonalty Of
niuerable Quantity of Torches,
,vbreiluinated the Streets as they
e a uwft giprious Appeartince. At
ben mct by the Abbots of WftminBonde, and the whole Convent, the $.Pus~ left the Procefion, which was
= wd o theAbbey, and there clofed by a Fu,Oatonmae by Dr. Fitz James, hnBfo
of Av*er. The Funeral Ceremonies of Henty tl- who frvied his Qqeen but feven Years, wvA~iiI, 4oregrand and magnificent ; after his Ekth. higi hppeed 4prII,2 1% 15S09, in the 53d of~hs Ae, hs Bdy was lirft placed in the great
VJ$Qpinrathn in the Chapel, under = towkicrksandhad fol mn M afs and Dirgre
Vyl~a Wop at oth Places. On Wednefday, '109 bI th' Fueral Solemrnities began, and
*M Da9- Oi the firft, the Corpfe being .09"iOUA~~i f State,~ and covered with Cloth qf~od, irrameted with Efcutcheons, on which
-vo~plcedhisEffgy in Royal Robes with the C m &, Scpte, andi Ball, began the Proce~lion ;
*vAbeig aawnby five Hlorfes covered with black 'Vrvft peceedby all the Bifhops and chief Officm~f te curtin~ folemn Prayer, and followed by P' Ti nhiS Manner the Corpfe was conSo~. eorge's-Fitlds, where it was met by a 10"mpanyof Religious, by the Lord Mayor and A"*MIV f Lodqn anA by the Livery, whoac
ift ~ied, itto S aidu's, where it refled under a ampiicen Canpywhile the iBifhop of Rochefter fim-foet 1 Mas~ an~d preached a Sermon. The .A~n Mythe Corpfe, attended as before,. was "eYW toWmnjt er-Abbey,, where being elevated
*a*& gandScaf~ling, the, whole C-.hoir finging "=*9 ndbirge, clofed the Solemnities of this 04th tixd'4y~, foIlinn Ma~hs were fungi by





48 Of WESTMINSTER-ABBEY
by three Bifhops, at the lafI of which was the Banner, Coat, Armour, Sword, Ta Helmet of the Deceafed; and the Nobility their Pall of Cloth of Gold, and Embroidery the Choir chaunted Libera me, and the Cor interred, the great Officers breaking their and Garters, proclaiming Henry VIith Ki was not, however, till after this Intermen the Monument here fhewn was ereded A
Henry VII. had made Provifion for it bef Death, and had treated with one Peters, a tine, to draw him a Defign, which the famfon afterwards finished for the inconfiderabl of 10001.
At the Head of this Chauntry lies the Rem Edward VI. Grandfon to Henry VII. whod the ibth Year of his Age, and 7th of his There was formerly a flately Monument ere his Memory by Queen Mary,his Sifter and Su but having fome curious Sculpture, reprefenti Pafflion and Refurredion of our Saviour, wit Angels on the Top kneeling, the whole was lifted during the grand Rebellion by the Party, as a Relid of Romih Superflition. Workmanfhip, Cambden fays, was elegantly ed. [See more of this Prince in the tifiorical D tion of the Tower juft publihed.]
On one Side of the Tomb of Henry VII. fmall Chapel, is a Monument of caft Brafs, in are the Effigies of Lewis Stuart, Duke of mond, and Frances his Wife. They are repre as lying on a Marble Table under a Canopy of curioufly wrought, and fupported by the Figu Faith, Hope, Charity, and Prudence. On th is a fine Figure of Fame taking his Flight and ing only on his Toe. This illuftrious Nob] was Son to Efme Stuart, Duke of Lenox, and G fon of 7ames, Nephew to King 7ames I. to wh





jfS Cba1IOSIrES, 1
4jMgk~anof the JBed-Chamber and Privy
*"49966 Kigt of the Garter, and Ambaffa'-'#W~jka in Behalf of eotdnd. He died Fe-, Am~dw-i~t, 16-23. His Lady was Daughterto VU w fwrd of Bindon, Son to the Duke
atA iyW "y Elizabetb Daughter of the Duke of
A~iijbax.She died O07ober 8, 1639. YOU will Wkewk keherea P~yramid of black and white MarW44Voting a fnall Urn, in which is contained
4tWrto Efiwi Stuart,. Son to the Duke of Rich-, wwkd Lei, by Lady Mary Daughter of the
b Vk o I igbanz. He died in France, Aguft 14, 166, rd~ ix Years, and 'was fucceeded in all
b6 %i"b Charlei Earl of Litchfield, his CoufinSatu h d.ied Decmhtrthe 1,2th, 1672, and
1*400bted Of this noble Family others were
boki-Vdt o pwnmotients.
,Oil NothSide of Hnry VI~th's is a very
i 4t auwtnt, decorated with feveral embleiild Figrcs in Brafs gilt with Gold, the princ~,*htOf is Nt1I/epw in a penfive Pofture with UST%06tt reerfed, and Mars with'his, Head
tdV"--'Tefe fupport the Tomb on which lie
*he'Egi g o G rllars, Duke of Buckinghamn,
dw"ratFvurte ,f King .7amrs 1. and King 4*441. ho ella Sacrifice to the national Re*O~n 6 reithed by the Hands of an Affaffiq, *041i~n6 ther Motive of A61ion but the Cla4Wk"o Ofth eople. Lord 'Clrendon gives this
AOOt ftat black Affair: One7bnF/of
P~ly in Ss'k, and formerly a LieuIn th ing's Service, being inflamed by
Refenent, took it into his Flead that da0 God good Service if he killed the
Vlafd amrding Jy having provided no other
than an ordinary Knife whictjhe bought M nishe repa.ired to Portftnrutb (where
h aftesing out a -F~cet for thec
C





so Of WESTMINSTER-ABBEY
Relief of Robhell) and arrived on the Bartholomew. Next Morning the Das Letters, that Rochelle had relieved itself, ha Breakfaft to be got ready with all Expeli he might go and acquaint the King, wh at Sir Daniel Norton's but a few 'viles off good News: The Chamber where the D dreffing himfelf, in the mean Time, was Company; and among the relf, Monf. Sa4 ther to the Duke of Rohan, and other Fre tlemen, were very earnefily preffing thli of the Fleet, left the News the Duke hal should be premature, and the Place be ru loft by an ill-timed Delay. Their Lifc cording to the Cuftom of their Nation, with fuch Vehemence, that the Standers did not underfiand French, thought they vet and the Duke being told that Breakfafl w and drawing towards the Door, where th ings were held up to let him pafs, in that fage turning to Sir fhn Fryer, (the C waiting, to iffue his Commands) he wa hidden truck upon the Ereaft with a Knife which, without ufing any other Words Villain bath killed me, and in the fame pulling out the Knife, he fell down dead, t having pierced his Heart. No Man had Blow, but in the Confufion many imaguid from the French; and it was next to a i were not all killed on the Spot. In the Hat was taken up, in the Infide of which five Lines of that Declaration were written in the Commons had filed the Duke a to the Kingdom, and underneath, upon Paper, a fhort Ejaculation. It was int clouded, that the Perfon to whom this Hat! mutll be the Man who had done the Ma accordingly a Gentkman being obferved





ill CuIOSITrES. 1
beoethe Door without a Hat, the *t at Tere wai the Villain that kU/cd
whi le the Mulltitude crouded to fee one was at king Ihicb is he ? Wh'ieb
-Nn very compofedly anfiwered, Ilam he.
fiosran with their drawn Swords to
biwhile he with all the Unconcern in the ,Ww wofed hiqiIelf to, the utmoft Violence of
but others of a more deliberate Tern.
4& in, and carried him into a private
i~ rder, o paLExarriination, while he wa's AWL cEW. Techief Thing aimed at was to hisAccmplc=,andin order to induce him
= Dil~wcqit was intimated to him that the
I=mrt4#.6 dea ; lut to this he replied with
I Awo e no h dead, forlIbad the Force of
# tv~xI_&-ck him. -He added, that they AOOA AY~e~vs no Trouble about his Accomfo i a living htad Credit enough with
iM ghim to kill a Worm ; that what he d~twas a-Matter Of COnfcitrice, for which 1p mid and willing to fuffer the fevereft PeJOO *f. Law; and that the Motives upon
*4W6 te would appear, if his Hat were found,
14~f he fould periih in the Attempt, be
*_t~r9" *hmtat the Worldi migt not be at a
10 2=04nt for the Deed. Nothing further
4C j~hcmdfront bim u Pon this Occafton, and
wsrmoved to London, where he reMo@nths in Pxifon before he was brought
inV6c Time he was more than once
be tr he Council;- and though he fill
tahsfolmer Declaration, that no Man
nyet Laud would not be con*thePurit"ans were concerned in the "p heatenrd Feltan with the Rack if
q)f it ; Feton replied with a Com-.
41104q~ired and applaujded, 2'a fit Ca






52 Of WESTMINSTEl-ABPEY
mul? be fo, he could not tell whom he might n be Extremity of Tortu re; and if what he t fay m t paji for Truth, he could not tell W Lordjhip, or wZhich of their Lordhips present name, for Torture might draw unexpced T him ; after this, fays Rujhworth, he was more Queflions, but remanded back to PVr thop Laud, however, perfifled in putting hi Rack, on which a Debate arofe, and his being prefent, moved that the Queflion propounded to the Judges, who unanir cdared, That be ought not by the Law of Enl put to the Rack, for no Jkch Punihment is allowed by our Law; however, Felton himf he had been in Prifon fame Time became Remorfe, that, upon his Trial at the King Bar, he earnefily befought the Judges, th he was yet alive, his Hand might be firuck which he had committed the impious Ad, fore and at his Death he behaved like a I fenfible of his enormous Crime.-The tied Catherint, Daughter and fole Heire t Manners Earl of Rutland, who ereded the ,went here spoken of to his Memory, a Effigy on the fame Tomb by his Side. Inscription, after recounting his noble high Titles and Honours, alludes to the his untimely Death, which we have here large.
Of a much later Date, though not Workmanfhip or Defign, is that noble erected about 30 Years ago, to the Memo bieffdd, late Duke of Buckingham, whe Altar of the fine grained Marble, lies Taifed Poflure, his Grace's Effigy in a Roa with his Dutchefs Catherine, natural Da the Duke of York, afterwards King "ames ing at his Feet weeping. On each fde
i







df:.mtaqr Trophies, and over all at,
Figur of 2'ime holding f(everal Buflos in WI9the Portraits of their Graces Chilthe Reign of King Charles UI. as the In0o sforthi, he was G~eneral of the Dutch
of Wre, Governor of King/ion Caffle upon ao Frff Gentleman of the Bed-chamber; Wta 6 inge 7amts 11. Lord Chamberlain; ana j ltt fQueen- 4nne, Lord Privy-Seal, and Pre$fdao the Council. He was in his Youth an
O -etPoet, and in his mnore advanced Years a iiiWrtr His Love of Poetry is confpicuou3
-,', doEfiem nd Regard he had for the two great
'Udbp,*Vi thatflouiffdi his own Times,
=kd P; to the firft of whom he extended "41* Ytedffi evn after Death, by crafting a Alotow Mmry; to the latter he did How~iga Poem in his Prafil. Over his
Ma ar inribed in Latin Sentences to'

I iA doubtful, not diffolute.
I dieunefolved, not unei6nd
1&*w~n tn Error are incident to human Nature.
Itri an Almighty and All-good God.
Ki ofKngs have Mercy upon me!
Inud underwabh it,
F~~m King often, for my Country ever.

J&Ge died in the 75th Year of his Age, Fed,.
4 12s 14!aiving the Publication of his Works to
Mt.oAr. Fep. He had three Wives: The k a'Cousncfs of Conwa ; the second CaCwintfs of GainfI9oough, eldefi Daughter L01 rook who died in 1704, aged 38
lic3 here interred; and the third Catb,C 3 rine






54 Of WESTMT1NSTER-ABB
>ine Counters of Anglefey, died March 1743, aged 6i.
From the Nave of this Chapel, ou North Ifle, where you will fee fixed Small a beautiful Altar raised by King C the Memory of Eaward V. and his Brol by their treacherous Uncle Richard III. dered in the Tower (as we have already Hidory of that Fortrefs, to which we rft ilnfription, which is in Latin, gives a Account of their fad Cataftrophe, atd is thus Here lies the Reliques of Edward V England, and Richard Duke of York: confined in the Tower, and there flified wit were privately and meanly buried by 0 er of fiious Uncle Richard the Ufurper : Their inquired after and wi/hed for, after lying 20 the Rubbij5 of the Stairs (i. e thofe lately ld Chapel of the White Tower) were on the7 1674, by undubted Proofs discovered ; b deep in that Place. Charles II. pitying their Fate, orderedthefe unfortunate Princes to bei the Reliques of their Predeceffirs, in the and the 20th of his Reign.
It is remarkable, that Edward was born 1470, in the Sanduary belonging to this whether his Mother took Refuge during th between the Houfes of York and Lancaler ; Years of Age, upon the Death of his Fathe proclaimed King, and on the 23d of u
about two Years after, was murdered in t ner already related.
Richard, his Brother, was born ay 29
and married while a Child to Ann Mowbra of Norfolk.
In this Ihe is the lofty and magnified ment of Queen Elizabeth, ere&ed to her King Yames I. her Succeffor. The Infcriti






CURIOS55
Dfriand the memorable s Rgn"That The was thz ,jrer couwtryl and the Patronefs of adLearning;j and The was herfelffkillh 1,Wuages, adorned with every Ex
?TbW and Perfon, and endowed with 14 N~ius beyond her Sex; that in her
nwas refined to its primitive Puwas eftabliffhed; Money reflored to
jj au domeffic 1nfurreai~ns quelled; A 40S6e from jatefline Troubles ; the te; the Spani/b Armada de4 UKJ aloflft by the fecret Contri4AOg irecovered ; the Revenues of
improvedd by a Law of Provi
'46K i &btvall Emglaenriched:That
pwivde t Go'rernefs, 45 years a
tU~vphant Queen ; truly religious, I ial e ret AIfiirs; and that after a
04 *fed &ah W he 7oth Year of her 40lfthr mortal Part to be depofited in
which the eftabliffhed upon a new 13Y Cbr /Is Word The is called to
She died Marc 24, 1602.
Q~ueen Mlary, whofe Reign preceded
EfzbhoWAS interred here likewise.
ei *11112ized for her Cruelty to p,WHeYmwill fee a lofty Pyramid, of a fluHgh, fmipported by two Griffins of Brafs
OnA Ndcalof the nioft curious Marble,
toteemry of Charles Montague, the firft "FMY ht borce the Title of Lord Hait6qi 9Raaue rof Hwrtn. In the Reign 11 and Geirge I. tie was placed at the
T~uY.% where undertakingr the Rewich in thofe Days was'
_Ppcl, tothe great Lofs 'of the
Cfkiw I Public,






s6 Of WESTMINSTER-ABBY.
Public, he restored it to its proper Value.. and other public Services, he was firit c ron and then Earl of Halifax, and died 3715
There are likewife fome Monu ts
Grandeur and Magnificence in this Ifle, ly one to the Memory of George Savil, q King Charles I. Baron of Eland, and Vifco Ifax, afterwards Earl, and laffly Marquis jax He was Lord Keeper of the Privy fome Time in the Reigns of King Ca King james 11. and King William, and ginning of the Reign of King James II. a few Months Lord Prefident of the CO died April5, 1695.
At the Ealt End of this Ifle is a Vault are repofited the Bodies of King 7ames Queen, Anne, Daughter to Frederick II. Denmark. This Prince reigned over Sc Years, and over England 22 Years. He Lord Darny by Mary Queen of Scots, Sacrifice to the Policy of Queen Elizab t Alarch 16, 1625, aged 60, after a longan able Reign, which adds nothing to the there Realms.
Over this Vault is a fmall Tombwith t of a Child, ere6led to the Memory of Ma Daughter to King James I. born at Gre 605 ; and foon afterwards committed to of Lady Knevet, in whole Houfe at Stanwell Dec. I 6, 1607, at two Years old.
There is alfo another Monument, repref Child in the Cradle, erected to the Memo ,hia, fourth Daughter of the fame King Greenwich in 16o0b, and died in three ays
In the South Ifle of this Chapel is a Tab nent, on which is the Effigy of Margaret of Richm.d, Mother to Henry VII. by Ed






Mdit CUIOSITIES-' 57
ap Tudor, who married the WiLV' of&,'~rdand Daughter to
Frmr. This Lady was afterad
#0 whr7 tafford, a younger Son .to
a Buckgbam;j and laftly to Th1omas Eafo D.sriy ; but by the two ]aft had
0. he was a great Encourager of the
printing when hirfl: brought into Engas*pasby a Book printed by Wynk, who Wm lfPinter to her Highnels's Grace Afarthms G~ranaame. The Infeription men4 Ciie of this excellent Princefs; fuch
a ar o two MNonks of 1"eIminfter, a rma Sc~hool at Winbourne, and two rui'o Cbiftthe other to St. 7ohn his
0; C~kidt. Se died in "WY 1 509, in
ohe randfon Hienry V11.
End of this Ile is a hand tbme Taen uincoied with Iron Rails, on W'hich La 6l robed, the Effigy of Margaret
,bte of Margaret Queen of Scots, by of1m.This Lady, as the Engli/b Inexrehad to her great Grandfather, A Jwd V. to her Garandfather, King Heray
~d igHfnryVU11 to her CoufinKigRdward VI. to her Brother, King fSiflag; to her Son, King Henry 1. of Wht ndfon, King 7ames X'I. having
Ttrdmothcr and Grandmother two ciamed Elizabeth ; to her Mother,
QU'kof Scots;'to her Aunt, Mary the
e gen ;'t er Coufins-German, Afaty anct
Qtces Of England; to her Niece and
4nLW Mar Queen of Scts. This
0 Wa -vry beautiful, was privately war-,
O~~ as Howard, Son of the Duke 40Awhich Account both of them we; e
,#&CTower by King JHnrj AII e
.C S Uncle,






58 Of 11tESTMINSTER-ABh
Uncle, for affiancing without his Co he died in Prifon, but this Margaret bei was foon after married to Matthwbo, by whom the had the handfome Lor ther to King 7ames I. whole Effigy is on the Tomb in a kneeling Pollu
Crown over his Head ; having been Time to Mary Queen of Scots, but in of his Age murdered, not without 1
of foul Pra&ices in the Queen, tho'at
have taken upon them to clear her M
Reproach. There are feven Childre
round the Tomb of Margaret, of wh
are mentioned in Hiflory, the reft i
This great Lady died March to, 1577Near the Tomb juft mentioned is aV
ficent one, ereted to that unhappy Qued been now speaking of; and who bei
to "fames V. of Scotland, was in her I claim'd Queen of that Kingdom, and Francis then Dauphin of France, but King, who in a few Months after dyin
fIue, Alary returned into Scotland
Lord Darnly, as has been faid, by whod one Son, afterwards King of England As Scotland. The principal Error of this Life, was marrying the Earl of Bothwed pofed Murderer of her fecond Hufba raised fuch powerful Enemies againfit heri her to refign the Crown to her young
yet an Infant of three years old; and t the Regency of the Kingdom to hermort by whom fthe was imprifoned, and her band driven out of the Kingdom. Havn oat of Prifon, the endeavoured to reReins of Government by Force, but mi the Attempt, and was obliged to feek for England; where, after an eighteen Ycars







O, in Dtrby./bkf, noW was
the ue of D_ &njirefhwa
juiWTrial, and condemned of
inlu cbiring the Death of Eizezeth,
*Aq~~e*xfo, which Ifle was afterwards
06 wsa rigid and profeffed Pipiff, and b" A t He* to the Crown of England, perbq 4edcy,of thofe Times, 'when the Pro, As- Rhion was but in its Infancy, judged it a CA~ey 1qwdi=to cut her off. Tho' flue had .moe o grm Fiure n her Life, the appeared great 00 bwatlr Death, behaving with all the
moft renowned Martyr for our
hdever difplay'd. On the 8th
was beheaded at Fet beringhayUNPOOPU~in, upon a Scaffold erected
htCfle, the Earls of Shrew] bury, Mft,,.aJW CberIaad being commiffloned to "tonp0forcd.- She was after"As Pnft izinerred by Order of Queen EliU464 lieft'atbedral Church of Peterbarough; 'bt"PnAb cceffon of her Son to the Throne of ,J084h ord~ee her Remains to be removed ft* besr, nd plaed among her Anceflors near

_X J of this Ile is the Royal Vault, as
i*.Whch the Coffins of Kin~g Charles, 11.
,111. and Queen Mary his Confort ;
0* jd Prince G ...g, are all depofited.
WainI~t Prefs is the Efigy of
%in Wax-work, refembling, Life,
U te pbes he wore at JJVndfrratth
of tonights of the Garte,.r. a h
A'ft~urlnt ereaed to the Memory of
kbif*br Monk his Son, both Dukes Alf Eitabetb, Dutchefs Dowager of _A00u, Relia of Chro/opber Dule
C6 Next






60 Of WESTMINSTER-ABEtyk
Next to this is a Figure ere&ed t~ of Lady WPalpole, brought from Italy byh race, with the following Infcription:

To the Memory of CATHERINE Lady SEldeft Daughter of 7ohn Shorter, Efq brook in Kent, and firft Wife of Sir
Wa/pole, afterwards Earl of Orford

Horace her youngest Son, confecrates Monument.
She had Beauty and Wit without Vice o
and cultivated the Arts without Aff
She was devout, without Bigotry toa
and was without Prejudice to any Though the Wife of a viinifter, who efleem'd,
but when tfhe could employ it to benefit the
or to reward the Meritorious.
She lov'd a private Life,
Tho-:h born to fine in public, and
Ornament to Courts, Untainted by them.
She died Zaguji the 20th, I737*
Another Wainfcot Prefs is placed at t of the great Eaft Window, in which is of Lady Aary Dutchefs of Richmond, CLarles Stuart Duke of Richmond, who died And a Daughter of falter Smuart, M.D O(tober '5, 1702, and is interred in the Vault. She left her Fortune to tIalterSd SBlantyre in S.otland, one of the fixteen l to reprefent the Sots Peerage in the Bri ment, who died Jane 23, 1713, aged Figure is drefied in the very Robes her at the Coronaion of Queen Anne.
Near th: Monument of the Dutche






if$ CURIOSITIE!;.
4k J460meWainfcot Prefs, is the Effigy
,,Ritof .7&bn Duke of Buckingbam and and aaDaughterof Kin~g 7mes 11.
Coaefs of DortheIler: She is dreifed in A* z t his late Majefty's. CoronafeYblrftnds the Effigy of her Son
of lermanby, who died Fkb. 1, 1714,
Yersan ven Weeks.
ayou 1go1 out of the left Ifle you will be In *'er Wainfcot Prefs, the Effigy of
46*4who ad fo great a Share in the of Kig Cbarler It. to the Throne of
*Hi reprefented in Armour, and gtenerally made ufe of by your
t tiyour Bounty, few People going
"iptigfornething into it, the Salary
4A eing but fmall. This diffinguif'd
2t, $sa Mn o o beridge,
b-teMotWs Side from the Royal
MahP~tqgeae'Is. As a Reward for his cmi~ints be~eforanion, he was created
OfAe~~,-Earl of Farrigdon, Baron Monk 4(-~d~4,0Besuewmp., and Tqsr, Captain Geneb~ aefty' Forces, Knight of the mot 006k~dtt~~theGarter, Maler of the Horfe, jww;'0nafllar. Hle died on the 4th of Jan.
bLalled bet in a moft honourable
iAa i'ut in ibisle MRl called Albemarle

C re ioffalled the Knights of the
,bIPq~~eOrider of the Bath,) which Order
in the Reign of King George the Firit
In hi Stalls are placed Brafs Plates of
r. and over Ih-m- han- their B~and4 He~lets They are inflalled y, (ach ight having three
*it anlow ther reent Knights be,-







62 Of WESTMINSTER-AaBB.y

JuNe 17, 7725.


SThe SOVEREIGN.
2. 4 4
Duke ot Cumberlagd, George Vifcount
Prin. Comp. 4. rington

.ohn Duke of Monta- ** George Earl of
gue, Grand Mafter. 4- mondeey.

Charles Duke of Rich-. 7ohn Earl of Br
Mnond. # bin.
5.4. 17.
JIwaffnuke of Man- -0- 7ohn Earl'Del
,he/r. 18i.
6. 4.Hugh Earl Clue,
Chares Duke of St.* 19.
14lban's. Robert 2d Earl o
7. ford.
J7ohn Earl of Leic/iir. 20. ..
8. Spencer Earl of
Miliam Earl of M/e- mington.
mare. *21.
9.4. Hon.SirffillI
Benry Earl of Delo-4 hope.
raine. 4.22.
10~ Rt. Hon. Sir~ George Earl of Hali- 4. D'arcy. fax. 23.
2. 7'homas Earl of
Talbot Earl of Sufx. borough.
12. *24.
Thomas Earl of Psm-.~ Rt. Hon. SirPA fret. thuen.,
13. 4
Trd Na lam Pawlett. 4.







Md ;is CURZOSITIES. 63
39.
f or'- 4 Renry Duke of Chandes,_7une3o, 173240
26. MlliamVifcountEateRt. HOU. Sir RObal+
man.
4f
Rt. 140n. Sir Charles i Sir George D=n;xg, Bart.
28. 42.
FvI of Bwking Sir Ckarle, Gunter N,
hdn. Coll
43
Sit Jrdfim Qqt, Bt. Thomas RoUnfen, Lord
GMnthanf, OW. 20, Sit RAhrt aften, Bt. 174431F.
Sir Muhael Nwion,* Sir M10 I*w7weed.
45
-32. Sir .7ohn Cqe.
Rt. Ma. Sir JVjXam 46.
lreqe, Bart. Lord 7ohn L;gon;er,
Vifcount L;Zouier. IWO L rd Afoxion. 47.'
34 Hon.SiryahnCampb.-Y.
lUvias Masquis of* 48" .-;&VrhardVifcountF;iz,ran. 49
16. : Sir William Morders
T&*= fAll of Lei, tr- Rarbord, Bart.
50
Sir Thomas O'bitmorr. ILI of Inch,-+ 51. .
Sir L&xry dr Cahbrope.
52.
\IS Si Cbarks Han ury
Aw







61. Of WIESTM1NST1ER-ABy
53- 65.
Sir Peter !4 arren june 4 Wiliam L
26, 1749. inflal t 1
54- / 16.
*Sir Edward Hawke. 66.Prby
55. 4 ysort
*Hon. Sir C-harles Ho- 4 6y7-rt
ward.67
A,. Hon. Sir 'Yep
Sir Charles A-mand*
Pawett. Sir 7ames Gra
69.
Sir 57 4.; Sir 7efery 4d
.7obn Mlordaunt. -0 10.
58. 4 Sir,7ohn G~rzffi
IhnLord Pollingon. 4 71.
59. 4 Sir George Po
PdRihard Lord Onjlow,72 Dec. 27, 1753. Sir T1iiiam B
6o. Prollar, B
*Rt. Hon. Sir Edward. 73.
apo le. Sir John Gibb
61. *74.
*Charles Duke of Bol- Sir FrancisB
ton lava1.
62. 75.
sir 2. Sir Charles
SrRichard Lytt!eton.
63. 76.
Sir Edward Montagu.* i Gog

*Sir William Rowley,






"dill CURIOSITIES., 6S


*ORUMENTS, &c. in itk CHAPEL
of St. PAU L.
Syu are generally thewn by your Guides apel before that of Henry VII. yet to ef the Order of Place, I hive proceeded as
w appear regularly one after another upon
Sand here as you enter upon your Left
you will fee a lofty Monument ere6led to S$caq of Sir ohn Puckering, Knt. remarkA *' ashs Jkription fets forth, for his Knowg ih Laws, as well as Piety, Wifdom, and ythe Virtues. He was Lord Keeper of the esa four Years in the Reign of
,in which Oc he died Aprii 20,
staph in Lat, over his Effigy, is

blic Care and Laws engaged my Breaff,
was toilfone, but to die is Reft;
SGuards, Crowns, Titles, Things,
tha fade,
t of Time and fable Death are made.

,RTUE INSPIRES MEN.

tatue rears to her loved Spoufe,
n y and Marriage Vows.
A* fr l Lor in the Land of the Living.
g to this is an ancient Monument, now ch decayed, on which are the Effigies of
Rern and his Lady, with an Epitaph
able of black Marble, which has something
l not unfrequent in the Writings of

Here






66 Of WESTMItNSTrER-AB.Ey
Here jlies the Remains of Sir JAMES FUL Knt. frj Gentleman of the Bed-chamber to Ki the Fir (Prince and King) a generous Re Virtue, a fevere Reprover of all Vice, a pr/1 cer of all Vanity. He was a firm Pillar to the wealth, a faithful Patron to the Catholic Chure Pattern to the Britifh Court. HFe lived to the of his Country, to the Honour of his Prince, to of his God. He died FULLER of Faith tha FULLER of Refilutin than of Pains, FULLE nour than of Days.
In the Middle of this Chapel is a Tabl ment railed in, on which lie the Efligies of Daubeny, created Lord Daubeny in the fir the Reign of Henr7 VII. and Dame Eli Wife. He feems to have been a Man of thority in the Reign of Henry VII. as he Lieutenant of Calais in France, Lord Cha to his Majefly, Knight of the moft noble the Garter, and Father to Henry Lord Da firft and laft Earl of Bridgewater of that by Elizabeth of the ancient Family of the in Cornwall. He died May 22, 1507, and in 1500.
Here alfo is a magnificent Monument ter with Pillars of Lydian Marble gilt, on ble whereof lies the Effigy of a venerab in a Chancellor's Habit, with four Sons Daughters kneeling on the Bale; this M appears by the Infcription to have been the Memory of Sir Thomas Bromly, Knt Counfellor to Queen Elizabeth, and eih Chancellor, in which Office he died, Apri! to the Grief of all good Men. The eight depiced on his Tomb were all by his Lad beth, of the Family of Fortefcue.
Stow in his Antiquities of London and Rer, printed in the Year 1633, takes Not,






it CuaOstrKS.67 e .b othe Memioryof An Girtrd Damon Carlteon, of )mbercawrt, who
fp" x j627, aged 42, having been the
w* t Carl~ erItmn 2o Years.
--Tlwr i cavry flately but plain Monument,
*Umn i Isjf-.yaied Pofure, fits the Effigy of
SkDhjGrktvm, afterwards made Vifcount DerAorforhiseminent Services to King Char/n 1, AMW ater, both abroad and at home. He was kffiia appears by the Infcription on his Mo'.
Ji *WV1 verfedI in the Languages, Cuftoms,
"d Lo$ f oa of tbe European Nations, and
*i**kft~ bot by King f7ames 1. and his Sucth mo*t lamportant Foreign Negocia"M *a i* made Secretary to Sir Harry
be b mbff into Frane; then tent EmbnI Prt F~r; and on his Return from thence,
ft'* 04ft Genal, where he relided when that
V 6 Ambled at Dert which has made ro
A~ oif i the learned World; and where, fays
114" 40'efdm, he, was not thought fo equal a
SP6 etro A flfAr as he ought to have been,
bw mb h nfufions he made into King Jms
05-wbyhisown A-qivitv, he did what he could to 4W.0 tfat that Party that was nioft learna- 4' "dto raife the Credit and Authority of
6*tb*6tbtr"After the Death of King James he
*1 fiut gi into hr0llad, as Ambaffador ExtraOWaM ad was the 141t who voted in the AffkmMyoft -Sta under that Chara~ler, of which "t rui feg thCrown of England had been
f*m the Beginning of Queen Elizaheth's
tathePeriod of which we are fpeaking. On
bkR~ omie hie was made Secretary of State,
dt#. Realm, and a Member of the Privy
hs'btwas lefs acquainted with the Genius Ownountry than with that of other NaHtW23 twice tuarricds firft to Arn Gerrard, and






Of WESTMINSTER-AnE. and afterwards to Ann, Vifcountefs both of whom he had Iffue, and died Feb. aged 57.
To the Eaft of this Monument is an lately one of Alabafter, to the Memory Counters of Suffix, whole Effigy lies in a: Poflure with a Coronet on her Head, rett embroidered Cufhion, and her Body robed. This great Lady was Wife toN iff', Earl of Sufx, Lord-Deputy of Ir Knight of the Garter, &c. and Daugb /illiam Sidney, of Penfeburfi, Knt. Will, having out-lived her Hufband, he a Divinity Leture in this Abbey, gave 5 wards the building of a new College in now called Sidney Suffx College, and left a yearly Revenue for the Maintenance of fier, ten Fellows, and twenty Scholars, the faid new College, or elfie in Clare her Relations fle was moft kind, to th Prifoners moft liberal, and to the Mini:e VWord of God moft charitable, as her fhews. She died April I 5, 1589, aged
In this Chapel is a Monument erected to mory of Sir Henry Belafjyfe, Kit Lieur neral, fome Time Governor of Galway in Ir afterwards of Berwick upon 7weed, in the King William III. He died Dec. 16, 1717, Bridgit, Wife to his only Son lWilliam B died 7uy 28, 1735, aged 20.
Next to this is a Monument of black flone, very remarkably differing from ev in the Abbey. On the Top of it is a Frame of gilt Brafs enclofing the Bu Lady Cottington, Wife to Francis Lord Baron of Hanworth, fo created by King She was Daughter of Sir Wkilliam M Aereditb big&Aire, by Jan, his WXife of the Fam






Sits CURIOSITIES. 69
ntr and died Fbuary 22, 1633, in
o her Age, having had four Daughd a son, all of whom died before their Far, who, on a Table Monument beneath lies in
Efi, ring on his left Arm, and over a Satyr's ea is this Iription in Englil): Here lies
Fracis Lod Cottingn, of Hanwortb, who in the
Reign of King Charkles I. was Chancellor of
his Majefv's Exchequer, Mafter of the Court of Wards, Confable of the Tower, Lord High4 eaurer of Engand, one of the Privy-Council.
He was twice baffador in Spain, once for the AI King, and a second Time for King Charles I now reigning, to both which he moft fignally wed his Allegiance and Fidelity, during the
unhappy Civil Broils of thofe Times; and for his faithful Adberence to the Crown (the UfurSpvailing) was forced to fly his Country, and durghis Exile died at Valadolid in Spain, 7une 1652, in the 7th Yearof his Age, whence his Bodywas broughtand here interred by Charles di; his Nephew and Heir in 1679"
He was at fr uing out a private Gentleman, and Agent in Spain, for the Affairs of England; afterwards made a Baronet in Fk.12,admd
et ineb. 1624, and made
Secretary to Car Prince of WVales, whom he accompanied in his journey to vifit the Infanta, when An th ot of marrying that Princes. On the Death of the Duke of Buckingbam he role to great Favour and though he had the Honour to be conted in all the King's Affairs, yet he had the Addrfs to keep imfelf clear of that popular Odium,
which others fell under who had a lefs fare in the
Mares that produced the Diforders of thofe Times..
There is here alfo a very old Gothic Monument ed to the Memory of Lewis Robert, or Robfart, aFMger, but Standard-Bearer to Henry V. a
Knight





70 Of WESTMXINSTER-ABBEY
Knight of the Batb, and afterwards of and at Length created Lord Bouchier. was Elizabeth, Daughter to Sir Barth I and probably a Relation to Geofry C Englih Poet.

Of the To MB s &c. in the Cnr A
St. ERASMUS.

SH E firft on the Right-Hand, as you
SChapel, is a handfome Monument t priory of Mrs. Mary Kendall, Daughter o Kendall, Efq; by Mrs. Mary Hallet, of in Cornwall, who died in her 33d Year. Virtues, as her Epitaph fets forth, ren Every way worthy of that clofe U c riendfhip in which fhe lived with Lady cc ones; and in 1 eftimony of which cc that even their Afhes, after Death, not divided ; and therefore ordered herfelfh interred, where fhe knew that excellen: ,0 figned one Day to reft, near the Gravea loved and religious Mother ElizabethbCo so Ranelagh." She was born at We'minfler j6-7; and died at Epfom, MAarch b4, I7I
In this Chapel is an antient \onumen to the Memory of Sir Thomas Vaughan, Knt berlair, to Edward Prince of /aies, and to King Edward IV.
Next to this is a Monument ereaed to mnory of Colonel Edward Popham and hi whofe Statues in white Marble, as big a t ifand under a lofty Canopy, reffinag eir a thoughtful Polfture upon a Marble Altar, lie the Gloves of an armed Knight. T lonel Popham was an adive Officer in Army, and on his Tomb was infcribed his ments. Upon the Refloration this InfriO





CVNIOSITIfS.
the WbE14C MGnWMUt
InteFeeffion of foffl(: of his,
ern-aciatly served his
'Stone whcreon the lulcriPtion -Was
only turned j and no other
to the Von u merit. FromtheWantof
which we cannot *ecover!p the I'irne
_W0.3a's Death is left uncertain.
-fecond Son to the Earl of Monmouth, Ment in ihis Chapel ereaed to his Meof theBed-chamber to Kinp-.Gbarles 1.
of Gtief, at the Age Of 33, t,0(dxan(iFmIy Fateof-his Royal-Maf,C4vJ44 vm Asbert Lord Carey, of Lepping"A"04 -FRI4 of Mantwuib in t625, r&.,163q, and Was fuccceded in his
MS d efi Son, wh-a dyiti,, without ,*b Ti4lebecame extim'_t. Thomas

Sairl of Zvemr, Baron Burle;gh,
a 4"qaMr,_ grid Piivy-Counfeller to bo a "large 'Yable Monuillent in the -JQba4xl- whereon is bis Effigy in his
on his right Side, and a vacant an other. Fhe Lajy on his right
NfVi4 his firft Wife, Daughter and
i4496k Lord Laf1mer ; and the vacant 411449f i" ficcolld NVIfe Frawts Bridgerl, FMily of U'andoij ; bat as the right
ave exPrCfs Orders by her
act er ffigy on his left; notwithAbCyArc all buried together in one
4UIbfCIipq0n exreres, ,
""J"91kificent Monument in this Cha' dic F-aft Wall, in the cry Place 'Altar o( St. ),bt Baptiji,,and was
44crnOq Of Henry C4rey, firft Coiffin
0a", -, CMtCd BUM U Of L'U'vfdon Hert-





72 Of WESTMINSTER-ABBE
Hertfordjfire in 1558, was fome Time Berwick, Lord Chamberlain to Queen vy-Counfellor, and Knight of the Garter being preferred as he expe&ed, laid the Di ment fo much to Heart, that he lang, long Time on a Sick-Bed, at which the ing moved too late, created him an Earl dered the Patent and Robes to be laid be but without Effe&. He died 7uy the 23 aged 72.
Againfi the South Wall there is a very Stone Monument,where, under a Gothic C the Figure of a Bifhop properly habited, be Thomas Ruthal, made bishop of Durham VIII. he had been Secretary of State to Hen was by Henry VIII. made a Privy-Counfello on feveral Embaflies abroad. He appea died immenfely rich, if Bifhop Goodwinm lieved, whotells the following Story of hi being commanded to write down a true Kingdom in general for his Majefty's pri mation, he took great Pains in the Per and having fairly tranferibed it, caufed th be bound in Vellum, gilt, and varioufly ed ; and, at the fame Time, having tak count of his own private Eflate, with an of his Jewels, Plate, and Toney, he ca likewife to be bound and ornamented ex the other, and laid them both carefully in together. It fo fell out however, that, upon fome Occafion, fent Cardinal if/l/ for the National Trac, which he had fo peed from Ruthbal, but IWo/fey received b the Book which contained the Schedule o fhop's own Wealth. This the Cardinal ceived, but being willing to do Ruthal, to had no Liking, a shrewd Turn, he deliv Book to the King juit as he received it,,






JCURIOSITIES. 7!
if hewanted iMoney, that Book wher he might command a Mulddthe'Bifliop's inventory amount v r te Bifhop underflood his Error, fo near that he died shortly after." fai by an Author of Credit to have
jor great Arch) at AufIand, Part
bwe the Tyne, and had received a
igthe parish Church of Cirenzejl.'r,
notto put in Execution. He died

qfCobo, has alfo an ancient Stone
'm Chapel, whereon lies his Effigy
the Riead fupported by an Angel,
-2Lab.
hl :Uoument here is that of George
,o, bifer in the Time of Henr 'Y wecfin d nothing material. He
49 ta 1414. On this Monument 8neCoffn of rhemas Mytbing, Biffhop
'w Time Abbot of We--l'minler, and
to King Edward IV.

&c x h Chapel Of ISLIP, otherw~fe
JONBAPTIST.

There are but two Monu$Uimy 1obfierable Ndle that of :fohn
AVifer, the Founder, and that IiaatKnight of the Bath, Son
,l~kA~a, and the neareft Kinfman Lif t i.ropher HIatton, CThancellor inth eign of Queen Elizabeth, whofe
sit water the Death of Sir William
s ont the ?faid Chancellor.
ia plain Marble Table, Qlanding X fnred with four fmall Pillars of
On the RQof was anciently a fine






74. Of WESTMINSTEPR-ArtIry
Pain tinz of-our Saviour on the Crofis, Doubt by the Puritans in Cromwsll's7 were Enemies to every Thing that fa, pifhi Idolatry, tho' ever fo mailetly. Ras ai great F~avourite with Henry V if. anidw ed by him in decorating his new Chaiel, pairing and beautifying the whole Abbey ,he added feveral Ornaments, particuiarll rues of our Kingrs along thi Buttreffe11--s, we have- already noticed, are almoftal ed ; be likewife defined a mofi magnifi ,or Laothorn, to have been erealed in te gthe ;Crofs, hut the Pillars were found fup~ort it. He dedicated his own h 7sn Bapi/, outlived his Royal Ia wrot ~ing January 2, 1510, and ordd tlathis Corpf'e fhould be buried with Splendor.
The Tomb of Sir Chriflopbir Hslttoni tice. T1he principal figures are a Ka mnour, and a Lady in deep Mourning, gures refing mf the al"cending Sides of Pediment, parted in the Middle by a r miet. Over their Heads is a neat xe~Aui in the Centre whereof is a Ecro Arms, held up by naked Boys, on ew the Kight hoids a Torch put out ain a fhew that Sir Chr~lofpher died fir~t ; th the Lady holds his Torch erce', aitd fi~r!Fv that fie furvived him. This Lee Daughter of Thomas Fanilaw, Efg Sir Cbrizir ,er bad twelve Children,I furvmi'co him. Sir Chrzflopber theChn a very carifiderable Figure in the Ri ,Eiizabetb, and after the Death of Efx chiz-f Favourite. He was nto Lawyer, t"3 the Chbanceliorihip, for the Reputai clc-r JuidZ.-ne and ftrict Integrity;






A9 t VjSiT:kES, 759
Offcewj&grat nI nour, Our Hiflorians tell us, ,,jhtjWUwas oote in~ Queeni Elizabeth's Favour, yethedic Iy hr nkindn'-f; for having run into ha ebt te dmaded her M. oney with fomne Sewhih, refinng upon her Favour, he .bopd wuld avebeen remitted; but finding his
-M~kehe fikene, and during his. Illnefs Elizaha* byWin an other Expreflions of Friendfhip, firo tohealtheSpirit fhe had broken i but in vain Hedie )'lf 3, 1596, agred 72. This Sir C~rj?*hzrhisKinmandied, as by the Infeription

'Uye ths Chpelis a Chauntry, in which are
tvvi lage, ainot refls, full of the Effigies of Ffixeli' ohersof igh Quality, buried in this Abbey Thce Efigie refmbled the Deceafed as V9W s po e, nd ;erewnt to be expofed at
Fuaalsof ur rinesand other great Perfonin pchChrioswith their proper Enfigns Waly 4r ionurappended. Thofe that are
lai up ar ina fd m~an-led Condition; fomne Wel an oher intaterd Roben, but all maimoubrken.The nottancient are the leaft in,by wichit houd eem as if the Coftdinefs
,thir loahs ad cafoned Nt~s Ravage ; for 'JL~es f EwarYVL which were of Crimfon 196C bu no apearlike Leathser, are left ent tok f QeenElizabeth and king yarnis
Fiff 3M ntiely tripedas are al1 the reft of
J~n wo umdfmc ainfcot Pretles are the Effi*(.i1%H'1aM ndQu.en )Wary, and Queen In oodConiton, iand greatly admkired by thern.

D?






76 Of WESTMINSTEit-ABBE

Of t ToAis, &c. in the Chapel of
EVANGELIST.

SN the Centre of this Chapel is a
Monument to the Memory of Sir F Gentleman of the firft Reputation bot ing and Arms; but being trained fro in the Camp, he made the Art of Var lar Study; in which he was equal celled by none. At the Battle of Service of the States, he commanded der Prince faurice againfi the Spani h came to the Relief of that Town, und Inand of the Archduke lbert, then the Low Countries. Pere, by whole proper Difpofitions for the Reception were made, in poffing the E glitjh Sol geoufly, had Occafion to pafs a Ford which the Soldiers were preparing to tP prevented that Delay, which might ha Lofs of the Day, by telling them, were going to dq was entirely needlefs, fori th ey might either have dry Clotbhi or nued
this feafonable Encouragement there that had left their Foot behind, we and the Engijh, who were not above ber, gained the Eminence of the Dw by a Body of Friefand Foot, ready frff Shock of the Enemy's Fire. T desperate Enterprize, in which Vert wounded, his Horfe flit under him, Engyijh flain, yet proved the Caufe of Part of the Dutcb, for Prince Ma fuddenlyv with his frefh Troops, while were yet greatly exhaufted by their upon this mall Body, found it eary to the Rout, and thereby obtained a com







tsCURIOSM~Es. /
_.. rssmoarnet i a Table fiipported by four
onwhich lie the feveral Parts of
60f rmor, nt underneath the Efjfiy. ~jr.Frnti ling, as if undreffied, in a loole C 6*Qnit cfAlabafter. This great W~arrior
vm.3 Yxmin te Ducb Service, 2o whereof hc cartnideJtheAuxliay Troops of Eniand, and g~ina imoral onor: He died Aagji 28, 16cS, in he 54h earofhis Age. On the Bafe of hl'
_*iapft'isa fortL.,iun JInfcription in Lettk-rs GoI41hewin towhom it belongs; that h@ Nephw t th Eal of Oxford, and Governor ,Foromi. andtheBrille ; and that his difconatie ido, ot o th Abundance of her Afh" cnforatd tis Monument to his MLewa~dof his an clofe to the Wall, is a tlveni: o te Pdefalwhereof is reprefented
zr~fie, te Segeof Town; alluding perhaps
theSiee o N~rtjuff now mentioned. Thec
'palFigre s aGeneral on Horfeback holJ in,
1%Mn-i and ha ione Eye blemnilied. As this t nt as er~kcdto the Memnory of Sir Geqn'e
ths Nqewto ir'TEncis Vere, and a Major_ftia Unerhim w are inclined to think, that
Plemof culpureis intended to perptiate Stor Ofthatmemrable Battle, in which', a,
as~eet lid Sr Faniswas wounded, and acliid f iachGloy.A Cannn being rendered
r, icuw rems topoint that out as the InMentby hichhisHorfe was killed, and thie
in he eneal' Eye, the, rhurt he mighIt,
"Pcevvd henhefell. Onl one Side of this
fi' a 41asonthe other Bellona, lament"th~ath f th gret Warrior reprefen ted 'irl ~tamHabi, standingg ereaL upon a lofty
"Wi~hrub fpp,,tng the Plinth whereon







78 Of WFST1U-,NSTrR-AHBEY
he flaids. This 34mnuet is very ip, ecuted. Sir Geor ,e died May 16, 1626~
Near the lomrb of S"ir Francis, lies
the laft Earl of Oxford, of that Narne; h had continued in a dirced Line to thisno ever fince the Year i i S dubery wasth laft Earl of this noble Family, anden Title 7o Years :HIe was Chief JufficeInJ in the Reign of Gbories 11. Leid of the d Privy-Counfeflor, Colonel of the Roya of Horfe Guards, and Lord Lieutenant'of ty of F/fix, and Lieuteniant-Genecral ofth the Reign of fWillianm 111. and alio Kni Garter; and on March 12, 1;2 hed Lhue Male, and the Quec-n coIe;rred t 61: Oxford, with that of Aforh':er, on b IfAf Lord of Yer lMajeily's Tu iury.
In this Chapel thc're were fomne very numrents. but now on o e remains,W the Ptighi Hand.
This has the ITm.n of an Abbot in Pabit, cu.-ou;!.; cnj'- ---n o~n Brafs,re fhn de Fa/I~iy, v, hu clied 2ii;aicb 4, 140, .heccords of this Church he appears toh great Ieceator to it; he adornicd the r WAin~dow with fome noble Paintings which fomne little now remains; he bulit to the Chapel we are now fpeaking of,an ec' two Images gilt for the Altars of St. St. Paul; and one for the Chaptcr-hufi. the Kingr ioocL on Account of the M
tpland 307-01 to the Court of oe the Confir! ation of Abbots. It is rernar in. breaking up a Grave, the Body of th was discovered in a Coffin quilted with Ye tin, having on a Gown of crimfon i
round him with a black Girdle ; oil his NV hite Silk Stockings, andI oser his Facc







'Kakiadouledupan3 laid Corner-wife. His Body andLt~ wee frm nd p!ump, but his face foinewha dicolure :This was on AJug. 17, 1706, the, Lid of the ofi being carefully dlofed again, the f~y ay robblycoiatinue found for many more

jf ebethe Door of this Chapel a grey MarbleSwn bersthe Figure of an armed Knight, refin hi Fet n Lion, and his Head on a Greyhoun, whchas the Regifter informs us, reprelant Si _7bn arptdon, Knt. who died in 1457.
Witin hePoor is another ancient Tomb of Fre~ft= o th North Side of this Chapel, under vehchlft~tuid Sr Toms Parry, Knt. Treafurer of "Houfiol, Malerof the Court of Wards and
Uvai~ta uee F~iabel.UH died December 1.5,


OfID# &Tms,&. fin the CHAPEL c


14 hisChaelis laely eredfed a umoxtexcellent
tot~Memory of jofiph a in
X~gti;,dandhis Laidy with the following Inifcripton 1: ereref thue Alhics of '7ofrh Gafroigne, N1&iq~, f Manlmd ~in the County ofDt'n
Ef-.wh. ie )ul the 20th, 17j2, !,,ed ic6.
And of a iizabif) his Wife, 1 augh,. er-c
Cohire- O TVhigton Earl Fe:rr rs, who Amgft he 17h,1734, aged 27 TPheirc,

ccfeinMmoyof their Virtues, i'byb
12t il odr this M1onjument to beerLJ.
h sa aia Performance of th at great af.
"t f cultueMr. Rbiliac ; and ha been, anil nowi-3viftedand juiftly admired by all jud,_C3 or ff'ntcdf A. gad eity. Above is rCP:IgI.teArms of her Hufband ; 1 00 D4 beneath,






80 Of WESTIMINSTER-ABBEY
beneath, flily creeping, from a Tomb, the 'frrrors prefent5 his gim Vilage, pointing t ning Dart to the dyllg I lure, at whichiS Hlufband, fuddenly firuck vith Afionifhie ror, IDefpair, Ue. would fiiin w ard off Stroke from the di{li-ti1ld ObJeei. of his Car
Northward to this is a Monument o facred to the [Vemory ()f Sarah, Dutches rnTefit, Rei'i& of 7o/n SyJc.ur, Duke of Daughter of Sir Edward Ai n o. O of this Menimnent fit two Charity-roy,: each Side, becwa'1ir-z the Dcath of their great 4 C.-irefs, who is reprefented in a modern Dr-t ingio tpon her Arm under a Canopy of St I
lu-oking, earneftly up at a Groupe of Cherii Ifuing from the Clouds above her: Underne Latin Inficription to this Effef: "1Here 1
late illuftrious Dutcbefs of Somerfet, ce
for' Charity and Benevolence, whoer V
Grammar-School for Boys at 7touenham n "diefex, enlarged the Income of the Gree Hofpital at W lfer, largely endowedl
1V7'fe College in Oxford, and St. 7ohn's i n bridge, for the Education and InftruaJ
Youth in Piety and good Literature. S
likewife an Encourager of Trades and
crafts, and had a tender Regard to ol
"ere6ing an Aims-Houfe at Froxfiel il "for 3o Widows: She was very chariable "Poor of St. Margaret's, W/irnin~lr wke "inflitured a Leaure, and gave many ftate naments to the Church." She died 086a 1, O2.
In this Chapel was formerly a Monument Memory of Catherine Lady v r Yobn, Re]lidto Lord St. 7ohn of Bietfeir Bed-ordjhire, Dau ofl Sir JM!/jam D:rimer, of Evethorpe in Budls, which in iepaiig the Church was broken in~i







adis CURIOSITIES,rh -Efig o this Lady is fill to be feen in the Chapl o St jIdreu.

Oft 3 T m~ f. in the CHAPEL Of


N h etre of this Chapel flands that MOfL
flatly n agnificent Monument eretard to the Mmoryof Sir Henry ANorris, his Lady and fix Sons. H was'Aneffor to the prefent Earl of Ahingdonwhois BronNorris of Rycot, and for h is V a]ourin te Lo-Countries, in the Reign of Queen Eliahlbvias reted Lord Morris of Rycot. This grea Mai wasthefirfi- who discovered the Projeft of te Snil Inafi, which he did by M\,eans of thr Frvoit arla of Paris, whomn he entertained is Sp. r Ths Mnument has a fine Repreferitationof n Enampent in Reiicf, and i otherWife beatifll oramnted ; but having no Infcriptio.,
theDat islef certain.
Agiif h Eatl Walzl was formerly a Table Pvlonumet t preerv the Memory of Sir ?/obn Bsurgh, Son to Lodfliam Bzrgb, by Catherine, Daughlter' to or I-'fntnSon o~f thie Ea.rl of Lincoln, 1,Q-d
g dia in 0-,,,, Eliz!ath's Time- This Sir* vni'Of hcmwe are fpeakingi, was tw ice hofflin the Nitberlands,, by heEal o Licflr, Cpti-General of her Majefy, Foresand thofe of the United Provinses ; alldafteward by ra" V. of France, at the Vict' f S- Adrfn-At length endeavouring to
biginto Eiugiad a huge Spanifj/h Ship
k. Wih jewls, (old, ilver, Indian Spices, &fc,
prie 'f ifiite Valure, by an unhappy Security heEey tho' frupior in
he e -antml Det at the Age of 3i t4the ite~aiablLofs of his Coauty., So mucl,
Otftttls bt Hiftrians5 inifo ns us far-






82 Of W XESTMINSTER-ABBEY.
ther, that this Carrack was called the Mother4 that her Crew conifiLed of 6oo. Men, mof were either killed or wounded in this defper gagement; that the Money arifing from ture, amounted to I5o,ocol. befides E rnents, amounting, as was thought, toa more. He died March 1i0, I594.
Here is alfo a Monument eredted to the of Ann, Daughter of Henry Bodenham, and4 rine his Wife, Wife of 'ames Kirton, of in the County of Somerfet, Gent. She did a 603.
In one Corner of this Chapel is the ve Monument of Abbot Kirton, which is wor ing, having feveral Labels in black Letter a the Portrait, which flands upon Eagles c alluding perhaps to his high Defcent, fror cient and illustrious Family of Codilbic. to have been a Perfon of great Reputi Veight among his Brethren, and an excel sor. He died Ofi- 3, 1466.
According to the Abbey Regifter there other Peribns of Rank interred in this Cha whom there is neither Monument nor Inf

Of the TOMBs in the AREA.

H AVING now taken a View of all th
Qus in the ten Chapels of this Abbey juft point out a few Particulars worthy of the Area furrounding St. Edwards Chapel, we propofe to fpeak, before we enter the Cr Eles of this Church, that are common to tutors: As you pafs round the Area, on th Side, were three very ancient Monuments, b ly now to be viewed : The firft of Free-fo like a clofe Bed, was walled up, and the B3ilhop D::ppa, Tutor to King Ceares I.







0 i CultIOSrrlE9 83
gmki.Th~is Tomb was covered with an ancient Gothc Achthe Sides whereof were adorned with Vincrarihesin Relief, the Roof within, fprinigino itmay Angles, under which lies the Image of a La i very antique Drefs, her Feet refing upoLinand her Head on Pillows fupportcd by Angls-ittngon each fide the Effigy gilt and pointed. On~t Sde f the Tomb are fix Niches, on which icmt ae been~ painted MTorks, and on the Pedefal reftil o be feeii forne Remains of Paintin-gs
adurilb the Curiou~s. This Monument covered the emans f Iv4ine Coxuntefq of Lancajer, Daghe to Wliz de' Ioreikus, Earl of Ai1bena4k and hidden y befabk Daughter and Heirefs of Baldin arlof Devon. 'I his Lady married Edman Erl f ancllr Son to 1,'ing Henyy I. but
didtevry Year ofher Marriage, N'Ov. 4, 1293.Nettoti is another ancient Monument of gry Mablto the Memry) of 4ymer deJ'e feced ndlaQt Earl of Pembroke of this Fam iv Hewa third fon to H'iliiam de Valence, Earl ofPebrke4aready mentioned. He was a great Gerirlin the Timeiof Edwardl. in the 25th of -whofe Regnh attended that Prince in his Expedition into, 1*ndr ;i the 26th hie marched againift the Scots ; in he 9thwas fent Ambaffador to France; in the3thewas made Guardian of the Marches and
th in' ieuteniant in Scotland, and beat the fa,Mou RoertBruce,~ whofe Wife and Brother he fizz i h Caftle of Kentire, the latter of whomn hehneand put all his Attendants to the Sword, Heaccompanied Edward J. in -his ]aft Expeditiorl
ir--OScoladand at B~urg~h upon the Sands, where tlja Kn dedwas appointed by him on his Deatht carry his dying -Charge to his Son againift Gaf..who was after wards condemned and exeCuehsEflate confifeated, and his Effe6Is convetd't h Kipg'S Ufe. in the fii Year of EdD 6 svard






84 Of VESTMINSTER-ABBEY.
ward II. he went Ambaffador to Rome. In of Edward II. he fought with the King at Ba burne, where the Scots obtained a compleat Vi and where the Englih had 154 Barons and K killed or taken Prifoners, among whom we Earls of Hereford, Mounthermer, and Anu Lords Piercy, Nevil, Sctoop, Lucy, ARon, Latimer, Segrave, Berkeley and Beauchamp ; a King himfelf with Valence narrowly efcaped fame Year Valence falling into the Hands Flemings, was obliged to purchafe his Ranfom dear Price of 20,000oool. In the i ith of Ed he was made Governor of Rockingham Caftl was one of the Judges who gave Sentence a the great Earl of Lancajler, which, as is th occafiloned his own Death foon after; for i7th Year of the fame Reign he was poifo France, by the fecret Contrivance of the E Arurndel. HIe had been thrice married ; but h by neither of his Wives. He was, fays Wa a'tall pale Man, whence Gav~/eon ufed to cal by way of Nickname, "fpb the Jew. poifoned Yune 23, 1324.
The other ancient Monument in this A that of Edmund Grouchback, fourth fon to en fo called, as fome affirm, from the Deform his Perfon ; but, according to others, from tending his Brother in the holy Wars, where wore a Crouich or Crofs on their Shoulders Badge of Chrifianity. This has been a ver Monument, painted, gilt, and inlaid with Glafs. The Infide of the Canopy has been with Stars, but by Age changed into a ull From this Prince the Houfe of Lancajer cl their Right to the Crown. At the Age of tezn, he was, upon Simon de Montford's For made Earl of Leicefier, and Steward of E at Twenty-one he took the Title of the









ar, and marring 1veline already mentioned, eme poffed of the Eftates of Zemarle, Devon, nte 1e of Wiht, together with that of Derby a campaign. About the Year 1255, upon the of the Emperor Frederic, the Pope made an of the Kingdoms of Siciy, Apulia, and Cato this Prince, while he was yet in his Mit which his Father accepting, the Heart of oung Prince, as Matihew Paris reports, exas if he bad already, been invested with the wn: But it proved only a Trick of the Pope to e his credulous Father, and to cheat the Nanof considerable Sum of Money. However, of our Hiftoriaus remark, that many Aas of l Power were executed in his Name, and Mocoined with this Device, didmundus Rex SiHis second Wife was Blanch, Queen of Nare, Widow of Henry by whom he had three Thomar Earl of Lanca.r, executed as has nfaid; 'shn of lonmouth; and another 7ohn, lived in France. In the Reign of his Brother
rdrd 1. he commanded an Army in France, with d Success at firit; but being ill fupported, and sSoldiers ill paid they deserted him, which he lo Much to Heart, that he died of Grief at ome' others afrm, that he there shared the e Fate with William de Valence already related. the Bale of this Tomb, towards the Area, is Remains Of a curious and perhaps the moft anse Painting extant, but much defaced, being ten gh*ts armed with Banners, Surcoats of Armour, 1rfs6-belted, representing, undoubtedly, his Exhtton to the Hoy-Land, the Number exadly
what Matthew Paris reports,
rd and his B rather, four Earls, and
tnhts, of whom fme are fill difcoverable,
Roger Cblird, as were formerly