An American selection of lessons in reading and speaking

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Material Information

Title:
An American selection of lessons in reading and speaking calculated to improve the minds and refine the taste of youth : to which are prefixed rules in elocution, and directions for expressing the principal passions of the mind : being the third part of A grammatical institute of the English language
Uniform Title:
Grammatical institute of the English language
Physical Description:
240 p. : ; 17 cm. (12mo)
Language:
English
Creator:
Webster, Noah, 1758-1843
American Imprint Collection (Library of Congress)
19th and 20th Century American Textbook Collection
Hudson & Goodwin
Publisher:
Printed by Hudson & Goodwin
Place of Publication:
Hartford
Publication Date:
Edition:
The thirteenth ed.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Readers   ( lcsh )
Recitations   ( lcsh )
Readers -- Early works to 1800 -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Recitations -- Early works to 1800 -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1798
Genre:
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Evans
Statement of Responsibility:
by Noah Webster, Jun. ...
General Note:
Originally published in 1785.
General Note:
Signatures: A-U⁶.
General Note:
First published in 1785.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 020887415
oclc - 30148571
lccn - 01020284
Classification:
lcc - PE1120 .W4 1798
System ID:
AA00021436:00001


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I I j

The Baldwin UbraTy

mB.





AN

AMERICANSELECTION


L ons in Rea, hng and Speaking.

CAI-CULATED
TO INTPROVETHE MINMS AND RLYINE THE
TASTE OF YOUTH.
TO WlICH ARTPREFIXE.)

-RITLES IN ELOCUTION1
AND
DIPUXTIONS FOR FxpREssjNT(; TfIF PRINCIPAL rAeOFTHE MIND.
BEING

The THIRD PART

OF A
GRANIMXFICAL INSTITUTE
OF THE
-CA'GLISH L,4NGU-4GM


NOAH WLBSTER, Ju N.
Aatthor: of' D, ,tions on the E ,liflj colleclun
EiFavs and Fugitive -1,1,L I roll] ttr,' &c., of PI
THE THIKTLENTii EDITION.

HARTFORD:
HU&ZON GOODWIN,

E llvi l, The privdqe of Cpy R &-j





PREFACE.




THE defign of this Third Part of the Grammatical Inflitute of the lEnglifh Language, is to furnifh chools with a variety of exercifes for Reading and Speaking; and I have endeavored tomake fitch a colledion of effays as fliould form~ the mor,a1b as well as improve the knowledge of youth,

In the choice of pieces, I have been attentive
to the political intereft of America. I confider it as a capital fault in all our schools, that -the books generally ufed cont. in fubjeas wholly un interefting to out youth ; while the writings th-i Marked the revolution, which are ,perhaps not
inferior to the orations of Cicero and Demofthenes, and which are cal ulate&l to ixpreitrIdling truths upon young minds, nel d
and forgotten. Sev4'l of thofe mifterly a"ddreffe of Congrelf, written, at the, commencement of the laerev(4tition, contain fuch noble ;~fentiments of liberty and. aiotifn, 'that I cannot help wishing to tras t helm into the breafts










RULES for READING and SPEAKING.

RULE 1.
Let your arfictuation be clear and 4i8

A GOOD articulation conlifis in giving every letter and
fyllable its proper pronunciation of found.
Let each fyllable, and the letters which compofe it, be pron~ounced with a clear voice, without whining, drawling, lifp* ing, flarmeing, mumbling in the throat, or fpeaking through
the nofe, Avoid equally a dull drawling, habit, and too much rap'dity oprnnciation; for each of thefe, faults deifroys a

RULE TI.
O6fr tAe Stop:r, and inarh t~je proper Pau~few lut iuah no.
paufe were t~ye fenfe requires non~e.
The charaifers we ufe as flops are ex_,tremely arbitrary; and donot always mark a fufpen ion of the voice. On th~ ontxr..
they atre often employedd to feparate the feveral mcirbers, ofaperiodl, and fhw the grammatical conftru&ion. Nor ,,.en they are deigc to mark jpatifes, do they always dectermiethe length ofthf paufes ; for this depends much on thie fenfe and the natureO the fubjecl. A femicolon, for exam-, pie, requires alne pauin agrave difor-a in a i'Ely anid fpirited declam~ation. Flowever, as children airt incapable of ne~ 4fflino it may beLtto adpt, at fl,fome genera rae wth elp& t te aufes,* and teach them' topay the
fare ;,tt~qp t hee hara&ers as they dlo to th words.
TheyFliu14% catio e 'wife againfi paufing o ofa member of a fqtne, where the fenfe retires the words to be clofely con d in pronunciation.




4

The important words of a fentence, which I call tnatturaliv
emphatical, have a claim to a confiderale force of voice ; hill ~partides, fuch as of, to, as, and, &c. require no force of utterance, vinlefs they happen to be emphatical, which is rarely -the cafe. No perfon can'read or fpeak wellI tinlefs Ibe underj glands what ke reads ; and the fenfe will always determine
wha words are emphatical. It is a mrater of the_ higheftconSfequence, therefore, that a frpeaker fihould clearly comprehend
the meaning of what he delivers t ltie miay know where to Jay the emphafis. This may beillirated byv a firgle ex-atiiple This ihort quell ion u-i*1 yon ride to towvn tq day? is capable of Four different meanings, and confeu-ntly of four different anfwers, according to the placing o, the emphafis. If the crmphafis is laid upontyou, t he queffion is wvhether yon will ride to town or another ptfon. If the emipaLis is laid on ,ride, the queftion is, whether you will ride or go on ftot. If the emphafis is laid on town, the queflion is, whether you will
totwn or to another p/are. If the emipialis is laid On
today, the quiefion is whether you will ride to day or fone
Thuis the whole meaning of a phrafe often depends
un the emrph afis ; and it is abfolutely necelfaV that it should
be ladon the proper words.
Cadence is a falling of the vice in pronouncingq the clofisg
fyllable of a period.* This oughlt not to be uniform, bt
different at the clofe of different sentences.
But in interrogative fentences, the fenfeoften requres the
clofing word or fyllable to be pronounced with an elevated voice. Thin, however, is only when thceLifat word is ermphatical ; as in this qjueflion, Iletrayefl thiou the Son of M4an within a yfi? Here the fubjea of enqoiry I s' whether the, com-1MOn token of loNve and benecvoknrce is prfi I the
puirjofe of treachery ; the force of the queflii dinds orn
die la([ word, wich is therefore pronounced wihande
tiOn Of voice. Bu~t in this queflion, 4' Wheie is hqtn

We inafyobferjve titgo p~lus;wy rnuc ao
ctaln key ; for alhteyoodulpae tsh aiwa: pcoroing ton aV.
ri"sideasi te prcfs, yet theyv ret nI' the fan.mc pit< h of voice.Accent and mai require no ejevactioan iof the voice Cb ut a mo1're forcible exprclos on the farne key. Cadencc rc fpe~'s th Jaff fyllabl1e only of the 1 ntnscc which f vlable is aclually pronounced witla a lower twie of vie; but, awhe wordsof feveral fyhlal 2
clofe it priod, all the> fybkshles but 1 ,1iaeronounced -.I t"",
s athe reftofth fc4 7c.






then Tile eniplliatical word is 1 9'A'g' which of ourfc r4quires an e -vaticil Of Voice.
Thepo l n,'urd pl',ch of volc-c is that in v.Mcli we fr---,k i1i common ccn--%-- fal -' on. IA/hellever the voice is ra;fed above this key, pronun"I.M0.1 is difficult and fatiguing. Therc is a differenc,- bct k tvii a lomd and a 1);,qk voice. A person may fpeak much JoL('ci- than lie does in oiclinary difcOur!-C, widlout any elevation ol" voice ; and lie may be heard (1111inctly, upon the fame key, Cit-1ler in -a private room, or in q Ltr,-e af em ly.
R11ITIE IV.
Let the Sent1;:z.i1,s YGv c.- p-ijs !- Tones,
Look-v a:jj Geftures.
By tones -a.-e rne rc the V;nlous modulations of voice by whidi we natu Ay exipels the emotions and By
lorL vve niemi tl e of the emotions and -it ',Ons in
thz counfcilallcc.
;irc the various motions of t e h,-T, .3 cr 1 1'1 "' which correfpona to tii-- f,2vc l f-ntim nts and o-n, the speaker designs to expid's.
All tbefe fbould be pcrf- O)r natural. 'Flicy should )C taiet
1 j
faille 'x1lich we uf(: in conni-wil conversation. A ficakc-I fliould endeavor to feel ,,,hat ]it fPeakq ; 'or th, of
r leading and J-peaking is, to Oflouncc tLe V, 01Cis as if t'LC fe: timents v,-e-e Our own.
if a perfc)n is relicarfing 'ie ivor s Of an rn-n,
Could ali lmc tht fame furious looks ; hio cy s 11 oulj !.-d'i V; f'l
his "CRUTC3 fl OLIM be violci t' anu, the 'Onc Of VO thi-camling. If FindpJs is to be expicffed, the fliou],J he cahn and plal:jd, and xvcar a fmile ; the Cnc be rnild, and the motion (-I.f the hand invilina. r- x C)f tile firal we bave in t cl-e words t '171.0fli
f-Ulfecl, into' ryellaffinq f lc' prepaic(I for the '!Lvil ai-."" ap"'Cls." Of d)e la"l, in th--fe '.Vonis' Coill-, "0 or my iiJiepitthekii, orri prepatedfet you, fr "nl tlf( ,, il i 11 17 tile 1VOljLj.11
0 1
nian who 1110"'Id rcpcm tl1CfC "'If"Cl-Cilt PaITI C t"C
lures' and"gyllures' wou'd pAs' with lils lh%alcl- for injud: ious fpeaker.
The vllhofc art of j, adlrg and fpcalin-all the ri.lcs oC cloqUU2CC rimy be comprife. n this concile dircalon a rcad:)or c express every-x ord as f tbe fenthncu,,s zvc,-C h;s 9 W-n. t
A .2





GE4NERAL DIRE CTJONS for expr~/7in certain
PASSIONS OR SENTIMENTS.
MIRT or[Fromn the Art of Speaking.]
MI-R71 orLaig~ter opens the mouth), crfidp the Dore, leffiens the aperture of the eyes, arnd ffiakes the whole frame.
Perplexity draws down the eye-brows, hangs the head, ca,11s down the eyes, CIO"i~ the eye-lis, fhtrts the mouth, and pinches the lips*; then fuddenly the whale body is agitated, the person 'walks about busily, Rops abruptly, talks to himfeif, &c.
J7'exatioz, adds to the foregoing, Comuplaint, fretting, and lamenting.
Piydraws down the eye-brows, opens the mouth, and draws together the features.
-Grie is expreffied by weei ing, clamping with the feet lifting up the ey es to heaven, &c.
Mfelanchol)' is -gloomy' and motioniefs, the lower jaw ralls, te eyes are call down and half fhut, words few, and insirrpted with fighs.
-Fear opens the eyes and mouth, (horteris the: nofe, draw,' zwn the! eye-brows, gives the couirtenamce an air of wvildners; the face becomes pale, the elbows are drawn hack paralde w' th the fides, one foot is drawn back, the heart beats violently, the breath is quick, the voice weak and tresnbling. Sometimes it produces flirieks and fainting.
4lame turns away the face from the beholIders, cover-s it with blifhies, calls down the head alnd eyezs, dr aws down thee eybrows, makes the tongue to faulier, or flrikes the perfont dumb.
Remorfe calls down the countenance, and clouids it w"ith anxiety. Sometimes the teeth gnaih, and th ight hand beats the breast.
Courage, Rleady and cool, opens the couptecnance, givesthe whole form an ereJ and graceful air. The voc is.6rm, and the accents Trong and artitulate..
Boaftng is 1L and bluffering. The eyes flare, the face is red and bloated, :-- Mouth pouts, the VOice is hollow, the armis akuimbo, the head nods in a threatening manner, the right fifl ornietitnes CIknched and brindifhecd.
PJride al~urnn a lofty look, th eyes open, the mouth pout,the lips pihed, the wods flwadffiff, with ain air of importance, the arsadio n helg at a diflance, or
takin lare ftrde-I





7
Amthirily opens the coun teryaace, but draws- w de}e e~Oyebrows-a little, fo as to give the perfon an air of gravity,
vere an& look. irs peremptory tone o' voice, and a feInvitin is exprelied wvith a fsnile 6f: complacency, the hand with the palm upii'ards, drawn gently towards the body.
Hope brightens the countenance, arches the eyebrows, gives the eyes an eager wilhfiu look, opens the mouth to half a fmile, bends the body a little forward.
Love lights up a fmilt uon the countenance ; the forehead is fmoothed, the eyebrow arched, the mouth a little open and filing, the eyes langui~bing, 'the countenance afflumes an eager wilifui look, mixed vitht an air of fatisfadion. The ac, cents are-foft and winning, the ;'one of the voice flattering, &c.
WModer opens the eyes, and Makes them appear prominent. The body is fixed in a contraaed flooping polhire, the mouth is open, the hands often raifed. Wonder at firt f Ihikes a perfecn dumrb ; then breaks forth into' exclamations. I
Curiofity opens the eyes and mouth, lengthens the neck, bends the body forward, an d fixes, it in one poflure, &c.
Ager is expreffed by rapidity, interruption, noife a-nd trepidation, the ncck is firetched oiut, the head nodinrg in a threatening niafney. The eyes rcdj flaring, rollingfak iog ; the eyebrows diawn down G-rer them, the foreheadwrn. kded, the nolfrilr ifetcht d, ever-y vein fwelled, eve ry MufCILe h rain cd. 'When anger'is violent, theI mouth is opened, and drawn towards the cars,- fhewiog the teeth in a gnafhig pofture ; the fect 4k~ping, the right hand thrown out, threatenirng with a ceaclied lfif, and the whole frame agitated.
Pe, t~ejr#.is ex~prefild in nearly the fame manner, but with mnore moieaton te eyes a fqunt~ Uspon the obiedt of dii plecafuethupeli drawn up Jifdaipfiily.
Aladc ei h ms orgnafhes with, the teeth, fends fl11Ahe from the drsJiaws the m-outh down towards th-e cars,
clenclies the fift and beds the elbows.
Env~yis expefein th~e famre manner, but more moderately.
AvI-erjion turns the fic from~ the object, the hands fpread out to keep itof.
Jecalpufy fhews itdt refefcs, peeviffinefs, thou htfulnefs, anxiety,.abne fm h I is a mixture ofa variety of pafions, knlaAsavret fapaacs






lfod~ly or iburndifi' bends the body forward, cials down the eyes. The voice is low, the words few, and tone of utterance fulimilIive.

EXAMPLES vop. ILLUSTRATION.
Inrrgatonl, or QlZyoig

ONE day, when the moon was under an eclipse, (he comnplained thus to the fun of the difcoutinuance of his favors. My deareft friend, faid Ihe, why do you not fhine upon me as you ufEd to do ? Dou I nut fhine u~popn thee.? faid the fun I am very fure that I inte nd it. 0 no !replies the 'noon but I now perceive the reafon. I fee that dirty planet, the earth, has got between us. Da ,'7eY'r Fal-L ,
Life is fiort and uncertain' We have not a moment to, lofe. Is it prudent to throw away any of our titne in tormenting ourfelves or other rs, when we have little for honefi pieafares ? Forgetting our wesaknefs, we ftir up mjghlty ernities, an fy to wound, as if we were invulnerable. WhereLi e all this buftle and noife ? The beft ufe of a Ihort lifes is, to ma ke it agreeable to ourselves and to others. Have you caufe of 0qae W ith your fervant, your rmaller, your king, your ncighb or ? Forbear a moment; death is at hand~, which makes all cqual. Wlhat has a man to do with wars, tumuts, amrbufies? You would deft roy your enemy ? You lofe your trouble ; death will do your bufinefs whilfi you are at reft. Anid after all, ihen you have got your revange, how Jhiort wil 6 e yousr joy or hist pain ?'While, we are among mecn let us cultvate hu. inanity : Let us not be the caufe of f' ar nor pain to one another. Let us defpife injurry, man d derdoR ; and ke~ar with an equal mind fuch trarifitory evil, Whlew fpeak while we7 think, death comfy s up and clolis th 'ec


Then let os haflte towardls tiofe piles o wonder That fcorn to bow beneath the: wiht efyasLo tomy vi,2w, te awful naC'orife, 'The pride of art the Oeepingplceo death i Freneai.


Nomurmg., h;Ws







Choofe it to blefs their hopes and croxun their wiffes ?
This happy day that gives me my Califla. [Fair Penittnt.

Then is Orefles bleft !-My grief's are Bled!
Fled like a dream !-Meth inkls I tread in air!
Sutprifing happimkfs unlook'd for joy!
Never let love defpair th prize is-mine!
Be fmooth, ye feas, and ye propitious winds,
Blow from Epirus to the Spartan coaat! [Di/lrt/ Mother.

All dark and comfortlefs!
Where are thofe various obje as thatihut now,
Employ'd my bufy eyes ? Where thofe eyes ?II
Dead are their pricing rays, that lately fliot'
O'er flow'ry vales to diftant funny hills, Anid drew with joy the vafV horizon in.
Thefe groping hands are now my only guides;
And feeling, all my fight.
0 Omifery What words can found my grief ? 4 Shut from the living, whilft among the living;
*Dark as the grave am~idfl the bufihing world.
No more to view the beauty of the ijpring,
Or fee the face of kindred, or of friend. [Ta.of Lee,.
Courage
A generous fewv, tIe *ct'rn hardy gleanings
Of'many a balef-ifight with a fierce H 1eroc freinfiired eac othcr;
Refolv'd ondeath, ditfdaining to furvive
Their dearet cotmrv-1'. If we fall," I cry'd,4
Let as nt taelfalike pailive cow-ards!

O)urg Pil ',r s we noblyV pecrifh,
Willof:t egeniuo o'urcountry,

lNad othm akita tir heads they &dhf'd





irhat flhapes this monfrous apparition It comes upon nie-Art thou any thing? Art thou fonme god, forme angel, or fome devil That mak'11 my blood cold and mby hair to flandt Speak to me, what art tbou?-N

Who can behold fuch beauty and be fent? Oh I could talk of thee for ever ; Feor eer fix aind gaze on thofe dear eyes For, every glance they fend, d arts thto my foul. [Orp han.

Hear me, rafh ian ; oysa th y -allegiance hear me. Since thou haft Lriven to make us break our vow, (Which nor our nature nor our place can bear)
-%e banifh thee for ever from our fight And kingdom. if, wlhen three days are expired, Thy hated trunk-be found in our domainions, That moment is thy death. Away! raJyo er
UyJult--thsfhall ttbe eod. TadyfLar

Away !- --no woman could defeend fo,~ow. A skipping, dancing, worthkefs tribe you are. Fit only for yourfelves., you herd togetherr And when the circling glaf iwarms your vain hearts, You talk of beauties that ymi never faw, And fancy raptures which you never knew. CF. Peni*tnt.

Asi theatre, the eyes of mien,
Afe well gracki ador leaves the flge
Aeily bent on him that enters nex, Thinking his prattle to be tecdious ~ :Even fo, or with much more contempt, e'oy D~id fcowl on Richard. No man cry'4 o a i o joyful tongue gave him hiswelcmehorne ~Which with fuch gentle finvow he (okof (is face fill combating with tears adfmls The badges of his grief antd patince That, had no.t God jfor oeDo et"
The arts ofmntemufhv akd
Adbarbarifin itf1e hatpte i. rAcbaz#11

How ~ ~ ~ lie- *nqu~cnf'







T, hate hima, for he is a Chrilian;
But more, for that in low limplicityHe lends otit money gratis, and brings down
The rate of uifance here with us in Venict.
if I caa1 catch him once upon the hi,
I will feed fat the ancietgue I bear him.
HeI hates our facred naio and he rails,
E'en there, where rkercliants rhoft do congregate,
Onrme, my bargains and1 well won thrift,
Which he calls ufury. Curfed be nry tribe
If I forgive him t ~rA f FAexp
Prid.
Afk fo what end the heavenly bodies ffif're,
Earth for wahoe irfe-Pride anfwers, "1 Tis for mine
For ine kind naur wkes her genial powr,
Suckles eachhcb an fpremads out ev'ry flower;
Anna, for me, the grape, the rofe renew The juice nc~aareous and -the balmy dew ;
For me, the mine a thoufand treafures brings:
For me, health guffies ft-oi a thoufand fprings;
Seas r oll to waft mre, fisns to light me rife ;
My footflool carth, my caopy the fldes." [Efay on 1Iakzr

I know not how to thank you. Rude I ara,
In fijsee and manners ; never, till this hour,
Stood Iin firch apeence Yet, my Lord,
There's fiamtigr siy bre'aff that makes me bold
To fay, that Nova e'er will fame thy favor. tDouyJai.



The lor ,.ad greflike filent death,

Lov L w>as th inomn ave fire within:

And lonigs to mngle vh t kindred earh EtFai enta.




Yew~






And thou, profoundefl hell, whofe dreadful fway Is given to me by fate and demogorgpnHear, hear my powerful voice, thro' 4ll thy regions; And from thy gloomy caverns, thunder thy reply.
k?!ra1joand rnia

0 hope, fweet flatterer, whofe 4thufivc touch Sheds on affli&ed minds the balra of comfort, Relieves the load of poverty, ftiflajjns The captive, bending with the Weight of bonds, And fmrooiths the pillow of difcaIe and pain; Send back th' exploring mefferger with joy, And let me hail thee from that friendly grove. [3Roadiea.

MY arm "a nobler vi5Lqory ne'er gal n'd;
And I am prouder to have pafs'd that iiream, Than that I drove a million o'er the plain. LLee's Ak1n, r

Go fellow, get thee home, provide famne cartg1 And bring awaythe armour that is there. Gentlemen, will you g~o and muller men? If I know how to order thefe affairs, Dirforderly thas thruft ito moy hands,
-Never believe me. All is une'ven, And every thing is left at fix and feven. [jJichard II Re~venge.
If it -will feed nothing elfe, it will feed my enege. He, hath difgraced me and hindered me of half a inlion, laughed at~my lofe, ocke.d at my gains, fcornedn~y nation, thwart ted miy bargains, cooled my friends, heated ran nm And what's his reafon? amni c.Ha lt a Jew eyU? h
not a Jew hands, organs, dinienions, feries afrons, pafflonls ? Is lie not fed with the fame food, hr-ihtefil weapons, fubjeal to the fame difeAfes, heale by the famne means, warmed and cooled by the famewneradfrnea a Chriflian 13? If you prik us do weo bleed ? Ifyou tickle us, do wenot~t luh ?I o poio us do wenot die ? And if you wrong u, bit : o reve If we re ikeyou in
the refftwe ifll i~ b yount Fa.I Jew wrong~ a

wrong a Jew, wai 14hsffenc ,.yChriftain examlWhy, Tdke 'he VilIwd





13
,execute ; and it fhall go hard, but I v,*11 better by the in[111erf3cnt of Venice.

I r6memberaroafs of thinj s, bu iffineny ; a quar*el' but nothir:q vhercfore. C thatm n ilioutclputaa crienly in their mouilis, to dcal awq thtir 1-i-a !,s I that we should, with joy, ple;,fance, revel and applaiifl-, transform ourfelves into beaPk 1 1 xvill ail, him for my )%-c2 ,?,dn-he fhall tell mt I am a drunkatdl! Had I 4s rpar,-, nic t;,! .s ,s Hy(ira, fuch aa Anfwer would (top thcm all. To be 1110%v it fc nfible man, by and by a fool, and prl tntly a b-aff 1 1--,- ry inrAinate cup is unbleft and thc inrrcdi !nt;- it devil. [ Tr ly of Othello.

In tAc'f(W10-jY;r"z L ffors' lkrre are nz :ny tlex f anfitbefit,
or ojpf)aion in tldefnfir. F (r tke A vf 'i of lk- garner, jonie qf tk fi- exrzwp1rr a,-, J)y Itdic Ictters and the
oucrdifu marke] arr

SELECT SEENTENCTS.

TEJ CM-MG.
C i-I A P. 1.

T 0 be very a Iive 1P laudalu'e p -_rfLIs
chara teriiqicl of a man of' mc i i .
There is an heroic innocence, as w-i as or J-.cro7 cnimge.
Thcre isa mean ia all things. E-c-i %itruc its ffatcd
limits, x0iich not bc'na ffr'My ob
1 Ervc,', ccafts to bc
It is w6'er to prwnt a quarry beforehand, tAan to rez n 'C it afterwards.
It 1 much better to reprow,,than to !) 2 ,r,.,,,,ry
No r, venge is more heroic, than th-,t ,klilc i i, incrits envy bvdoin-, (,ood.
The difcTction cf a man def -rretb his ancr, and it is h'4 Iorv to pafi over a tranfgre!ron'
Monvy, like manure, docs no good t:il it is spread.
here Is no rcal u'L of riches, ci:cept in the dAribution the reft is 't1i CC)ncc;t'
will cl,-Ia e more than what lie may get juffly, ufu foburly, ilittribate cheerfulPy, and Nye LIX)n contcnlc' Y.
A contentcj nlind and a go ,d conkiencc," will mA,c a n1a hai,,,y in all corid &JAI.' He kr-r)ws uotWmv to rar wlil
tc,-de. B






There is but one wpy of fortifying the foul againff all gloomy prefages and terrors of the mind ; and that is, by fectiring to ourfelves the friendfbip and protefiion of that Being Who difpofes of events, and governs futurity Philofophy is then only valuable, when it ferres for the law of life, and not for the oflentation of science.

CHAP. 11.
W ITHOUJT a frend the world is but a wilderness.
A man may have a tbonf/and ipimnate aequaintanew, and not a friend amongft themn all. If you have one friend, think your elf happy.
When mrce you profefs yourfelf a friend, endeavor to be always fach. IHe pcan never have any true friends who is al-. Wuays changing them.
Prosperity gains friends, and adverfity tries them.
Nothing more engages the afffea Ions -of men, than, a handfomne address, and gmaceful convetfation.
Complai1f.nce renders a fuperior amiable, an equal agreea~ble, and an inferior acceptable. o
.cef of -rmony fhowsu Wat breing. That ci!ilty is bell~, which excludes all fuperiluous formiaity.
Ingratitukie is a critne fo~ 1hamneful, that the man was never yet found, whro would acknowledge himifelf gilitY Of it.
Few things are impofflblc to induftry and &-fl-.
Diligence isnever wholly loft.
Thee cannot be a greater -treachery, thn iif to ra /! a zOnfidepace, and then drceivre it. >By otlhers fault-, rzv~r men correa ther wn
No man hath a thorough taft ofopriy to whonl 26'
eriynever happened. aerofietatrvlav
'We our viccs leave us, weflte uevstatwice

It is as great, point of w fom to bideignorance as to df

Pic upon tht ourfe of life which is the moft excellent, and h4at will render it moft dclig 4.l


C USTOM i hpaeof wife menand theidol of fools.
feCl jsuft, is an trbt of the divinec natur tq c o t$t fmg9f orab1W ,i the glor of man-







No man was ever r~qdcn'n with the injur;esr of fortune, unto lefs he had before fuffered himifeif to be deceived by herfavar.
if-Anger may glance into the beafi of a weo/ inan, but rexl
only in the bofom of fools.
None more imnpatienitly flier injuries than thofe that are
molt forward in doinK them.
By taking revenge, a man is but ev'en with his ennmy; but
inpaffng it over, he is -fuerior.
'To err, is humnwn; tofor ive, dinine.
A more glorious viaory cannot be gained over another man,
than this, that when the injury began on his part, the iindnefi
Mlould begin on ois
The prodigal robs his heir, the mj/er robs Aimf.j
We ihlsd take~ a prudent care for the future but fo as to
enjoy the preset. It is no part of wifdomn to be mniferable
toJy beaiewemyhpensto be more fo t~o-mr al
To oun itou mafre i foly; not t or tal
Some would be thought to do great things, who arebu
tools and instruments ; like the fool who fanc-ied he played
%ipon the organ1, wvhen he only blew the bellows.
Though a man may become learned by anetheir'. learning,
rhe never can be wLyiJ bu~t by his oqun wifdom.
He who wants ood fenfe is unhappy in having learning
for lie has thereby morme It is ungenerous to ive a man occaflon to blulh at his owna
ignorance in on~e thnwho per haps may excel us in arg~.
No objea is moe pefng to thye ye, than the fight of amran
whomyou ave bligd ;nor any mulic fo agreeable to the J
caras he oic ofonetha owns you for his benefa~or.
-Th con tat s mft ur-entamongfl mankind is flatte y; the -only bnft-fwihsthat by hearing what we are
unot, we may be ii~truaifed what -,,.e Lutgi to be.
The chain a~er of thle perfon who commnosids 3u is to b
corifidered before you fet a value on hits efeem. iI) mao n pplauds him whom fhe thinks mocift vruoaw t of
the world, b5in whio is~ mt wealthy.
Te temprte man's pefures are 4zraApear they are
rglr; and alhis life is calm and fi~e, r aetis;-~et
A od n4 willove himeif too wl oL&adhsnih
1- oowell, to winan ueflate by al ThIr o a
ming will corru~pt th beft principic wr






CHAP. IV.
Angry mian who fuperes his pallions, ibinhs worfe,
Than fie fpe'atr; and an angry inau that will chide,
fpeaji worfe than he bhh~s.
gwd word is an&!obiao hat, riot to fpeak ill,
rqires only our fne hc oh olg
It is to afe'datien tiv wvorld owes its whao.' race of coxcombs. UNature, in her whole dramr'a, never drew Lirch a pat; (he has,
sometimes made a fo,I, but a coxcomnb is always of his w

It, is the in(irnity of little Lmnds to bz taken with eoery appearance, and dazzled with evety thing that fparkles ; but great minds have but Zimtl admiration, becatdcfew~z things appear
mw to them.
It happens to men of learning as to eare of corn; they fhool,
up, and raife their heads high, while they are empty: but when fill and fwe'iled with grain, they begin to, Bag and droop.
He that is truly polite, knows how to contradi& with re:fpe, and to vlvf without adlulation ; anid is equally remote
anifpi noplaiine and a low familiarity.
fa-*f;ings of go,_d men are commoi:nly more publirliedit
the world than tir'ddns;and Once fault of a deferving Man will MET, Vith more s -prah, thAn ail Lis virue:,
pratfe Such is the force of ill-will, and iU nature.
It is ha rder t.)vi crue than to, agei apple# for this
may be done Ly nre great or wvife anion in an age bust, t
nfc ncv wr, a m rnnfl pafat his 1uh e w 'ithout fayiyg or
doing ear ill or f_,oiflqhjg
~Whe Dai~r of?'Tcl Alexandc~r~ ten thou~fand talent to
divideAfia ly i Wie anfW~ed :h elt arth a~
-not lb ar w s v., or) AC two 1,i P'armeni fIe
'~o~leau~sh-n~, thec -rcat Offixa that Darius had made,
falid, 'Were I Alexainder, I would ;!ccep, themr. So would
1, replied Alexardeer, were I Prrmnio.
An old age unfupported with matter for d; 'Ccu fe and incditation; is nuch to bae dreaded. No ilate can be more defli.
tute th~an thlat of him, who, wheat the delig-hts of fenfe: forfake him, has no. pleafure of the roind.
Sucb is the codto of life, that fornething i alwaysI wanltdto happinef', r yeth, weu have warmtlhopes, wh ich
fta~ blakd ad nggnce ; and great deflgbs,
wihare defcatc' experience. In age, we have knowi-




17

edge and prudence, without spirit to exert or motives to rfe prompt them. We are able to plan schemes and regulate meafle, ures; but have not time remaining to bring them to completion,
Truth is always confiftent with itfelf, and needs nothing to
help it out. It is always near at hand, and fits upon our lips,
and is ready to drop out before we are aware: Whereas a lie is troublefome, and fetsa man's invention upon the rack ; and
one trick needs a great many more to make it good.
The pleafure which affects the human mind with the molff
lively and tranfporting touches, is the fenfe that we a& in the eye of infinite wifdom, power and goodnefs, that will crown our virtuous endeavors bere, with aipinefs hereafter, large as our defires, and ladling as our immortal fouls; without this, the higheRf late of life is infipid, and -with it, the loweft is a paradife.

CHAP. V.
H ONORABLE age is not that which flanleth in length
of time, nor which is meafured -by number of years;
but wifdom is the grey hair unto man, and an unfpotted life is
old age.
Wickednefs, condemned by her own witnefs, is very tim.orous, and being preffed with confcience, always forecafleth evil things for fear is nothing elfe, but a betraying o( the
faccors which reafon offreth.
A wife man will fear in every thing. He that contemneth
Email things, fhallfall by little and little.
A rich man, beginning to fall, is held up by his friends;
but a poor man, being down, is thruff away by his friends.
When a rich man is fallen, he hath many helpers he fpeaketh things not to b fpoken, and yet men juflify him the poor man flipt, and they rebuked him; he poke wifely, and could have no place. -hen a rich man peaketh, every man hold.
eth his tongue, and lo! what he faith they extol to the clouds;
bat if a poor man fpak, they fay, What fellow is this ?
Many have fallen by the edge of the fword, but not fo many
as e f en by the tongue. Well is he that is defended from it, and hath not pafed through the venom thereof; who hath not drawn the yoke thereof, nor ben -bound to her bonds, for eoke thereof is a yoke of. iron,,adthe bands
thereof are ands of bras ; the death th is i d
My ofn, blemih not thy good dd r u





rfortable words when thou givefi any thing. Shall not the Jew
afluage the heat ? So is a word better than a gift. Lo, is not a
word better than a gift? B3ut both are with a gracious man.
Blame not before thou haf[ examiined the truth ; underRand firli and then rebuke.
if thou -wouldeft get a friend, prove himn firfti and be not
hafly to credit him ;for farme nx are friends for their own
occafions, and will not abide in the day of trouble.
Forfake not an old friend, for the new is not comparable
to him ; a new friendis as new wine ; when it is old thou halt
drink it with pleafure.
A friend cannot be known in proljperity ; and an eniemy
cannot be hidden in adv erft5.
Adioih thy frierid i may be he bath not done it: and
if be hath, that hie do it ra more. Adrnonifh thy friend ; it may be he hiali not faid it: or if he bath, that he Ijicak it aot again. Admonid]h a friend ; for many times it is a flander ; and believe not every tale. There is one that ilippeth in his ljieecb, but not from hisheart; andwAho i5 he that bath not
ofeded with his tongue?
,Wofo difcovereth fecrets, Iofeth his credit, and fihall nevrr
5da friend to his mind.
Honior thy father with thy whole heart, and forget not the
firrows Of thy Mother. HOW Ca-nf thou rcomnpenle them
the things which they have done for theec ?
There is nothing of fo much worth as a mind well jnflruifed.
The lips of talkers will be telling firch things as pertain not
unto them ; hut the words of fuch as have xinderftasiding art weighed in the balance. The heart of fools is in their mouth,
~ba he tongue of the wife is in their heart.
To labor, and to be coantd withwhat a man hath, is a

Be notconfident even in a plain way.
'Bi in peace with many ; nevertheless, have but one coua.
lor~ ofa thoufiad.
Let reafon go before every coterprifie, and counfel before
every adit*.

CHAP. VI.
T HE laitr pw ft a wife~ man's life is takenimp in curing
~the fos lkisand Wfe pnoa had, o-




19
lew Cenfure is a tax a man pays to the public for being eminent.
at Very few men, properly fpeaking, live at bref-en, but are
providing to live athber time..
er- Party is the madnefs of many-for the gain of aftw.
To endeavor to wofk upon the vulgar with fin-, fenife, is like:
attempting to hew blocks of marble with a razorr. V11 Superflition is the f4lec of the foul. 1,
He who tells a lieis not ferifible how gua tafk he underle takes ; for he muft be forced to invent~ twenty more to mainIt ain that onc, I
Some peo Iple will never learn any thing:. for this reafon, be. Y caifie they Underftand every thing o foom.
Whilft an Author is yet living, we eflimate his powers by the
.wrfperformnance; hen he's dead, we rate them by hish# t Menare grafuli, in the fame degree that they are rfutful.
Young men~ are fubtle arguers ; the cloak of honor covers
all their faults, a that of palliory, all their fbIllies.
Economy i.5 n difgrace ; it is better living on a lit&~ than
cut iving a gctdcal.
Next -to the fatisliajon I receive in the prio rity ofa
honefi man, I am beft pleafed with the cosfajion of a s-a ,
What is often termed fhyriefs, is nothing-more than reihi
fenfe, and an indifrence to common obfervations.
To endeavor all one's days to fortify our minds with Learn,
ing and philofophy,,is to fpend fo much in armor, that one
has nothing left to defend.
Deference often firinksand withers. as much upon the appreach of inimacy, as the fenfitive plant does upon the touch
of one's finger..
Modelly makes large amends for the pain it gives the pr
who labor under it, by the prejudice it affords eveyworthyperfon in their v.
The difference*thre is betwixt konor and bonefly feemto be
chiefly in the motive. The h~onei a osta from~ duty
which the man of hoo does for the fak6 of charadkcr.
A liar Ieginsr with making fafelaod appear like tr.4 and
m&k with making truth itfelf appear like f~e~d
Virtue should be coidlere as art of tle; and we ffok
as inu(;h-aQd decit, o inifter meaning ip ifcourfe, as vC
1huid puns, bad language, or flegramr
Th higher eharaar, a perfou supO J ert eeimi
regard his wwnu actio"s





7 rCHAP. VII. D EFERENCE is the trolt: complicated, the moft indi.
rea, and moff elegant of all compliments.
To be at ojace a rahe and to Zlory in the tharaller, difcoveus at the fame time a bad dj/pjiion and a bad t fi.
How is it pofible to exped that mankind wi l take advice
when they will not fo much as take Warnidng ?
41 Aitho men are accuftd for not knowing their oon wevaknefs, i' yet perhaps as few know their own _flreugth. it is in men as
in foils, where fornetimes there is a vein of'igold, which the
owner knows not of.
Fine fenfei and exaltd fenfe are not half fo valuable as cornrnonfen/e. There are forty men of wit for one man of fenfe and he that will carry nothing about him but gold, will he
every day at a lofs for warit of' ready changeC.
Learinig is lik e nereury, one of the molt p~owerful and excel/ent things in the world in fiiu/ hands ; in anfi~l h
moft mychievous.
A man fhould tiever be ashamed to owna lie has been in the ;pvn which is but faying ifi other words, that he is wifer
dyth an he was yfterd~v.
AlWerever I find a great deal of gratitude in a poor man,I
ake it for granted' there would be as mach generofity if he
was arich man.
It often happens that dofe are the W~f people, whofe characlex-s have been mg~/ injured by ilanderers ; as we ufually find that to bje the f-wee-tj fruit, which thb birds have beepi picking at.
The eye of a critic is3 often like a microscope, made fo very
fine and nice, that it difi-overs the atoms, grains an4d minutes
patcewithou t eve;r comprehending the whole, comparing
th, arts, or feeing all at once the hsarmony.
Honor is but a flaitious kind of honey ; a mean, but a
ncfay fiamttute for it in $ocieties which have none. It is
a fort of paper credit, -whih which men are obliged to trade, ~who are deficient in the fleiling cali of true morality and


-fonature, $ inefa~ ino tl4 heetint f h


do~ ot purfuc.






CHAP. VIII

WTI-IAT a piece of work is man !how noble in reafon
Vhow infinite in faculties in form and moving, how eitprefs and admirable in action, how like an angel in apprehenfioni how like -a God!
If to do, were ;a sta1fy s to knowu what were good to do, chapels had been churches, and poor men's cottages princes' 'palaces. Hie is a good divine that follows his own infiruajons. Ican eafier teach twenty what were good to be done,* than to be onte of the twenty to follow my own teaching.
Men's evil manners live in brafs ; their virtues we write in water.
The web of our life is of a miingled yarn, good ad ill together ; our virtues would be proud, if our faults whipped thbemno m; and our crimes would defair, if they were not cberiflsed by our viytum
The fenfii of death is inoft in apprehenfion; And the poor beetle that we treadupn In corporal fafferance, feels a pang as great, As 'when a giant dies.
How far the little candle throwt his beam So shines a good deed in a naughty world.
Love all, trufl a fw
Do wrong to none :be able fo~r thine enemy, Father in power tain ufe : keep thy friend Under thy own lif's key: be check'd.for Glence, Eut never tafk'dfork fjpeech.
Our indifcretion fomretimies ferves us well,
When our dee,)p lots do fall and that should teachus There's a divinity~that fhapcs our ends, Rougli-hew them ho~w we will.
What fIronger bi-relplt ~Ithan a heart untaintA Thrice is h-e airm'd, that hathhi quarrel juti. And he but naked (tho Iqck'd up In flee) Whofe confcience width ijultice is corrupted
The c od-cazt towers, the gorgeonue~lcs The folern tcrnples, the great globe itfl Yea, all which it irdlci~s, Ilball d4folz, And, li1ke the bafelfs fabric of a iio, Leave not a wreckC behind! We ar flgIRuf






As dreamrs are made on, and our litle life Is rounded with a fleep.
-So it falls out,
That what we have we prize not to the worth While we enjoy it; but being lack'd and boa, Why then we wreak the vale ; the- we find The virtue that pofi-cllion would not (hew us, Whilft it was ours.
Cowards die many times before their deaths;. The valiant never tafle? of death but once.
There is fome foul of gnodnefs in things evil, Would men obfervingly di11111 it out, For our bad neighbors ma ke us early ffirrers; Which is both healthful, andl good huibandry; JBefides, they are our outward confcienices. And pr-eachers to us all : admontifhiing ~That we fhotrid di-efs its fairly for our end.0 ~ momentary grace of mortal men, W~ihwe more hunt for than the grace of God!
sWlds his hope inthe air of men's fair looks,
L ive lk a drunken failor on a maft, t4, ed wi~th every nod to tiunble down
Intlthlftal bowels of the deep.
Who fhalI go about
'To cozen fortune and be honorable Without the flamp of merit; let none prefam*
Towear an undtferved dignity.
that eflates, degrees, and offices,
V'er ot derived corruptly, that clear bonrto -eepurchafied by the merit of the wearet!
1omaythen lihout-1 cover, that fland bare!
1-lo man be uitimande, that commaand3 1

Wboe dgeaifi~tWtian fword; vhftogue
Ouyenm al-li iorsof Nile; whofc breath
Rdson th n,'" nlanddoth frlie
Al arier, KSipigs, queens and at5
Mai& in-~ons nty"- ets of the grave,

4 5







Which, taken at thc food, lead$ on to fortune; omitted, all the voyage of their life Is bound in flhallow and in niftrie~t.
To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-mnorrlw, Creeps in this pretty fpacefroan day to day, To the laft- fyllable of 'recorded time, 'And all our yeflhrdays have lighted fools The way to dulky death. Out, out1, brief candle! Life's but a walking fhadow, a poor payer, That ifruts and frets his hour upon~ the ffage, And then is heard no more It is a tale Told by an idiot, full of found and flury,

He thtwol pali the latter part of his life with honor
*ed deencoy, mu$t when be is~younS, confider that he hall ,Dne day be old-and remember, uben lie is old, that he had once been ynam,.
Avarice is a] way s poor, but poor by her own fault.
The maxim which Pc'riandcr of Corinth, one of the feve. fages of Greece, left as a memorial of his knowledge andbe nevolence, was, "1 Bermafter of your anger He confidere4 anger ais the great diaitber of human life, the chief enemy bcth of public happint4.f and pivate tranquillity; andthut lie could not lay on pofterity a fIronger obligation to revernc his memory, than by eaving themn a falutary caution uagJanft this outrageous pfin
The univerfal axio, in which all coniplaifance is include, an~d from which flw all the formalities which cuflom has ef. tabliflied in civilized nations, is "1That no moan lhqoi14 give any p cc to 'hmef"-A rule fo comprehenive and
,certan ~that, prasitis not efy for the mind to-imagine an jIFility, without fuappofig it to be broken.
Foundation of contend m4f fpring up in a p'ow
MI and lie who ha f little knowledge uapt-,
a fe hapnf bycanging any thing ahswt dlo
which be purpofes to remove.
No rank in life precludes the efficacyofZ tmdc plimnt. When Qu-e* Elizabeth PeaiArbfao, v,
helkdhrladies, he rejplie, c4 It a*4tjugofl* in pr ee f tefu.




D 24.

The crime2 which has been onW.4 committed, is commit
again with If f reiuftance.
The ctat dillurbers of our happiness in this world, are on
defires, our griefs, and our fears ; and to all thefe the confid
ation of mortalty is a certain and a&quatc remedy. "Think' (fays Epiaetus) "frequently on poverty, banishment, an death, and thou -wilt never indulge violent defires,. or give
thy heartto mean fentences."
The certainty that life cannot be long, and the probabili
that it will he fihorter than nature allows, ought to awake every man to the& aaive profccution of whatever he is defirou to perform. It is true that no diigence can afeertain fuccefa; death may intercept the fwi(fteff career ; but he who is cut o in the execution of an honell under taking, has at leaft the honor of failing in his tank, and has fought the battle, tho
be miffed the vhilory.
When we aft according to our ditty, We commit the event
to himn by whofe laws our affions are governed, and who will fuffer none to be finally punilhe d for obedience. But, when in 'Proftp of fomie good, whether natural or moral, we break '01C rkAS pT efcribed to us, we withdraw from the diseftion ofI
fjpc rior wifdomn, and take all confeqtuences upon ourfelves. ;j En pioy ment is the great inflrumenrt of intellealuai dominion.
The mind cannot retire from its entimy into total vacancy, or
tuzi Calc from one objed, but by pafing to another.
'Without, frugality, none can he rich ; nd with it, very few
would be poor.
Thn' in every age there are famne, wvho Ii,' bold adventures,
or by fa orNshi accidents, rife fudden 1y into riehes ; the bulk
oft mrk id muft owe thi iflec to frnl n rda
pnl, $ elow which their et 'A mn'nS voluntary Y expen:Cfes fliould not exceed his Income.
Let not a man anticipate uncerti prfs
Ti e hapinefac( of the gcner-,lity of the peodl is notltig,
iis nlot known ; and 1very little, if it is nOt, envied.
To impr-ove the golIden mnomefnt of opportunity, and catch
ehegoor4that is within our reach, Is thegmetat tof life'. IMany wants are offered which might have once besfui-P1d(, and ~wuchi tIie is lof in regrettLingl the time which hsbeen Lit

QOne of the godnprcc-pts of Pyhgrudir )ects usF,
I", Tht a. friend 1hould aot be hatcd for littl fiaults.







ndNARRA4TION.
*e our CHAP. IX.
1/ider- Story of the COBLES. anii hi.1 SON.
iink" .YOUNG man, fQon of a coble r in a fmnall village near and A Madrid, having puihed his fortune in the Indies,re
re up turned to his native country with a conLidcrable flock, and fit
up as a banker in Madrid. In hi%, abfence, his parents freailit quently talked of him, praying fervently that Heaven would
. rous takt him under its prote(Hron ; and th2 vicar being their friend,
Ios gave them frequently the public prayers of the congregation :effs; for him.
Qt off 2. Th banker was not lefs dutiful on his part ifor, fo
the fona ewas fettled, hie mounted on horfeback, and went
,tho aln t h village. It was ten at night before hie got there ;
an the honseft cobler was a bed with his wife, in a. found Vent flee, when lie knocked ;4t the door, Open the door, fays
will the banker, 'tis your fan Francillo.
,hen 3. Make ot hers believe that if YOU Can, cried the old man,
fa larting from li4 fleep ; go about your bufinef's, you thieving a oif rogues, here is nothIing fur you :Francillo, if not dead, is
nOW in the Indies. He cIs no longer there, replied the banker;
ir hie is returned homne, and it is he who now fpealks to p
or open your door and receive him.
4 Jacobo, faid the woman, let us rife then ; I ieafly brew lieve 'tis Francillo.-I think I know his voice. The father,
flarting from bed, lighted a candle; and the mother, putting
-es, on her gown in a hurry, opened the door. Looking earnefily
alk on Franeillo, lie flung heir arm-s about his neck, and !hugged
nl him x iit the utmioif ,AMedion. Jacobo embraced his foIsi d. his tun ; and all three, trnfored with 'joy after fu long le. abfEnce, hd ito end in exprefling their tender Ths.
A.fte:r thef p-. fing tnfports, the banker put his ]borfTV, int the, ifale, wvllw hI fu an UId milkh coW, nurfe to
the wole Elmnily. He then g0-cth old fiu!ks ain acc irt Of ch. bis vo 'e"C an!" 1Pthe ihsh Ia rotl [t fri tu
l7 Th cy liffened iad cr h 'ipaticro hEs
v~aIon mde on 'A., a" heii~rlif rie or Joy.
Having fmfe iIhy h f i tem at !)tt of 71 eflateV
and ;intreated L:-, fie notow:k c




26

leave it off. Why, replied the banker, is it not now hi S time to take your eafe? I do not propose your living with n
at Madrid; I know well that a city life will not pleafe you enjoy your own way of living; but give over your hard labo
ad pafs the remainder of your days in eafe and plenty.
7. The mother feconded the fon ; and Jacobo yielde
To pleafe you, Francillo, faid he, I will not work any mor for the public, but will only mend my own fhoes and thofe c my good friend the vicar. The agreement being concluded
the banker ate a couple of eggs and went to his bed, enjoy ing that pleaing fatisfa&-ion which none but dutiful children
can feel or understand.
8. The-next morning, the banker, leaving his parents
purfe of three hundred ducats, returned to Madrid; but wa furprifed to fee Jacobo at his houfe a few days thereafter.
My father, faid he, what brings you here? Francillo, ai fwered the honelft cobler, I have brought your purfe; take it again; for I defire to live by my trade, and have beea read
to die with uneafinefs ever fince I left off working.

CHAP. X.
SHONESTY RawAaRDD.
P ERRIN loft bpth parents before he could articulate
1. their names, and was obliged to a charity houfe for
his education. At the age of fifteen he was hircd by a farimer to be a shepherd, in the neighborhood of Lucetta, who kept her father's theep. They often met, and were fond of
being together.
2. Five years thus paffed, when their fenfations became
more ferious. Perrin propofed to Lucetta to demand her from her father : She bluhed, and confeffed her willingnes.
As the had an errand to town next day, the opportunity of her abfence was chofen for making the propofal. You want to marry my daughter, faid the old man. Have you a houfe to cover her, or money to mawntain her ? Lucetta's fortune is
not enough for both.
3. It won't do, Perrin, it Won't do. But replied Perrin,
I have hands to work. I have laid up twenty crowns of my wages, which will defray the expenfe of the wedding. I'll work harder, and lay up more. Well, faid the old man, you are young, and may wait a little. Get rich, and my daughter is at your fice. Perrin waited for Lucetta's re-





27
high irning in the evening. Has my father given you a refufal,
it me cried Lucetta ? Ah Lucetta! replied Perrin, how unhappy you.; m I for being poor; but I have not loft all hopes. My cirlabor, umIftances may change for the better.

elded. 4. As they were never tired of converting together, the
more night drew on, and it became dark; Perrin, making a falfe
ofe o ilep, fell on the ground. He found a bag, which was heavy.
uded Drawing toward a light in the neighborhood, he found that it
S was filled with gold. I thank heaven, cries Perrin in a tranfildrn port, for being favorable to our wiflhes. This will fatisfy your
father, and make us happy.
Sa 5. In their way to her father's houfe, a thought fihuck t a Perrin: This money is not ours-it belongs to fome firanafter. ger-and perhaps this moment he is lamenting the lofs of it.
an- Let us go to -the vicar for advice-he has always been kind to ke it me." Perrin put the bag into the vicar's hand, faying, that
ady at fir(t he looked on it as a providential prefent, to remove
the only obfiacle to their marriage; but that he now doubted whether he could lawfully retain it. The vicar eyed the
lovers with attention.
6. He admired their honeftly, which appeared even to furpas their affefion. Perrin, faid he, cherifhb thefe fentiments,
ifir heaven will blefs you. We will endeavor to find out the owfar- ner-he will reward thy honefly-I will add what I can fpare
who -you hall have Lucetta. The bag was advertifed in the d of newspapers, and cried in the neighboring parishes. Some
time having clapfed, and the money not demanded, the vicar
carried it to Perrin:
er 7. Thefe twelve thoufand livres bear at prefent no proft
-you may reap the intereft at leaft-lay them out in mcl a manner as to infure the fum itfelf to the owner, if he fliall ap-'
o pear." A farm was purchafed, and the confent of Lucetta's rant father to the marriage was obtained. Perrin was employed in
ufe bufbandry, and Lucetta in family affairs. They lived in pers
e is fe4t cordiality, and two children endeared them fill 1mre to
each other. Perrin one evening returning homeward from hi
n work, law a chaife overturned, with two gentlemen in it.
my 8. He ran to their affiftance and offered them every accome
modation his final houfe could afford. This fpot, cried one an, of the gentlemen, is very fatal to me. Tei years ago, I lof
my here twelve thousand livres. Perrin fiftened with attention. re- What fearch made you for them ? faid he. It was not in my







power, replied the firanger, to make any search. I was hr rying to Port POrient to embark for the Indies, for the veffe was ready to fail.
9. Next morning Perrin flio wed to his guefls his houfe, hi garden, his cattle, and mentioned the produce of his fields
All thefe are your property," addrefling the gentleman who had loff the bag; the money fell into my hands; I purcha fed this farm with it ; the farm is yours. The vicar has at infirument which fecurps your property, tho I had died with out feeing you." The firanger read the infirunent with emo tion. He looked on Perrin, Lucetta, and the children.
Jo. Where am I ? cried he-and what do I hear ? Wha virtue in people fo low Have you any other land but this farm ? No, replied Perrin-but you will have occafion for a tenant, and I hope you will allow me to remain here. Your honefly deferves a better recompense, answered the firanger. My fuccefs in trade has been great, and I have forgot imy lofs. You are well entitled to this little fortune-keep it as your own.
i I. What man in the world would have aded like Perrin Perrin and Lucetta thed tears of affeaion and joy. My dear children," faid he, kifs the hand of your benefaftor. Lucetta, this farm now belongs to us, and we can now enjoy it without anxiety or remorfe." Thus was honefly rearded; let thofe who defire the reward, praftife it.

CHAP. XI.
CHARACTER OF A YOUNG LADY.

SOPHIA is not a beauty, but in her prcf.ncc, u
1.kJ are difcontented with themfeis. / t fi:a fhe fearcely vppean pretty; but the more the is beheld, the moe 2greeable the appears. She gains when others lofe, and what the gains fl never lofes. She is cqudI d by none in a ikeet expreffion of conotenance : and without dazzling beholders, the interctis them.
2. She loves diefs, and is a good judge of it ; dcpifes Onery, but dreffes with peculiar grace, mixing finmplicity with elegance. Ignorant the is of what colors are in fathionU; be knows well what fuits her complexion. She covets her beauties; but fo flightly, or rather artfully, as to give play to the imagination. She prepares herfelf for managing a farfaily of her own, by managing that of her father.
3. Cookeryisfamiliarto her, with the price and quality of





29

Shr provisions; and fhe is a ready accountant. Her chief view,
veffel however, is to ferve her mother, and lighten her cares. She
holds cleanlinefs and neatness to be indifpenfable in a woman e, his and that a flattern is difgufing, especially if beautiful.
fields. 4. The attention given to externals, does not make her over1 who look her more material duties. Sophia's underflanding is folid
ircha- without being profound. Her fenfibility is too great for a peras an fed equality of temper; but her fweetnefs renders that inequalwith- ity harmlefs. A harfh word does not make her angry; but
enio- her heart fivells, and the retires to difburden it by weeping.
5. Recalled by her father and mother, the comes at the inflant, wiping her eyes and appearing cheerful. She fuffers this with patience any wrong done her ; but is impatient to repair
for a any wrong the has done, and does it fo cordially, as to make it
Your appear meritorious. If the happen to difoblige a companion, her
ger. joy and her careffes; when restored to favor, thew the burthen
lof. that lay upon her good heart.
6. The love of virtue is Sophia's ruling paflion. She loves
i it, becaufe no other thing is fo lovely : She loves it, becaufe
My it is the glory of the female fex : She loves it, as the only road
'tor. to happinefs, misery being the fure attendant of a woman without
njoy virtue: She loves it, as dear to her refpeaable father and tender d mother. Thefe fentiments infpire her with a degree of enthuflafin, that elevates her foul, and fubdues every irregular appetite.
7. Of the abfent the never talks but with circumfpe&ion,
her female acquaintance efpecially. She has remarkedi that what renders women prone to detradion, is talking of their own fex; and that they are more equitable with zefpea to the cely men. Sophia therefore never talks of women, but to express
able the good the knows of them : Of others the fays nothing.
ams 8. Without much knowledge of the world, the is attentive~
>ref- obliging, and graceful in all fhe does. A good dilpoflition the does much more for her than art does for others. She poffees
a degree of politeness which, void of ceremony, proceeds from s a desire to pleafe, and which confequently never fails to e. vith
L CHAP. XII.
au- MODESTY, DOUBT, AND TENDER ATECTION.
the AGATHOCLES and CALIS I'A.
of ALISTA was young and beautiful, endowed with a
Great hare of wit and folid fenfe. Agathode, o f Cs




30

xwhofe age very I.tle excceded hers, was well made, brave and prunder.t. He had the good fortune to be introduced to Calif. ta's, where his looks, wandering indifferently over a numerous circle, foon diffinguifhed and fixed upon her.
2. Eut, recovering from the flhort eclacy occasioned by the fiLrl fight, he immediately reproached himflf, as being guilty of rudenefs to the reft of the company ; a fault which he had :ndeavoured to corrca, by looking round on other objeds. Vain attempts They were attra&ed by a powerful charm, and earned again towards Califla. He blushed as well as -fhe, while a fwveet emotion, till then unfelt, produced a kind of fluttering in, his heart, and confhifon in his countenance.
3. They both became at the fame time more timid and more curious. He was pleaded with gazing at Califla, whibh he could not do without tregibling ; whili Califla fiecretly fatisflied with this Ilattcring preference, caft her eyes on him by Health. They were both under an apprehenfian, but efpecially Califla, of being caught by the other in the fac-and yet caught they were almost every moment.
4. The hour of separation came, which to them appeared too fudden : Melancholy were the reflections they made on the rapidity of time. Imagination, however, did not i)ermit them to be entirely absent from each other; for the image of Califta was deeply engraved on the mind of Agathocles, and his features were firongly impreffed on that of Califta. They both appeared lefs cheerful the reff of the day. A lively fentiment, which they did not well comprehend themnfelves, entirely employed their minds, in fpite of every attemptto divert themnfelves.
5. Two days paffed without feeing one another again; and tho' this interval of time had been filled up either by bufinefs or recreations, yet they both, notw ithfianding, experienced a wearinefs and diffatisfaaion in their minds, for which they could no way account. But the moment which bro't them together again, explained it to them : The perfef contentment they felt in each other's company, made them fenfible of the real fource of their melancholy.
6. Agathocles took more courage that day : He addreffed Califfa in a mnof obliging manner, and had the happinefs to converfe with her for the firfi time. As yet he had feen only her outward charms; but now he difcovered the beauty of her mind, the integrity of her heart, the dignity of her fea-




31
and timents, and the delicacy of her wit ; but what charmed him
alif- the molt, was the opinion he conceived that the did not judge
rmus him unworthy of her efleem.
7. From this time he made her frequent vifs ; in every the one of which he difeovered fome new perfection in the fair
ilty Califta. This is the chara&eriflic of true merit; it gains by
had being expofed to the eye of a judicious perfon. A man of
S fenfe will loon diflike a coquette, a fool, or a giddy woman : and But if he fall in love with a woman of merit, time, far from
the, iveakening, will only firengthen and augment his paTlion.
d of 8. The fixed inclination of Agathoclesconvinced him, now,
that what he felt for Calilta, was love, and that of the moft lore tender nature. This he knew.; but Calilfa did not as yet
She know it, or at leaf had not learnt it fioin his lips. Love is
S timorous and diffident. A bold fuitor is not the real lover
b of the lady whom he addreffes: Hlie fees for nothing but
pe pleafure.
and 9. Agathocles at Jafl refolved to open his heart to Califla;
but he did not do it in the affeded language of a romantic tred pallion. Lovely Califla," faid he ingenuoufly, it is not
on mere efteem that binds me to you, but a moft paflionate and
Mit tender love. I feel that I cannot live without you : Can you,
of without violence to your inclinations, confent to make me
and happy ? I may love you without offence; 'tis a tribute due to
hey your merit: But may I flatter myfelf with the hopes of fome
fe mall return ?"
en- to. A coquette would have affeaed to be difpleafed at fuch
aert a declaration. But Califac not only liftened to her lover without interrupting him, but anfwivered him without ill-nature, and ind gave him leave to hope. Nor did the put his conftancy to a
efs tedious trial: the happinefs for which he fished was no longer
d a delayed, than was neceffary to prepare the ceremony.
ley I The marriage settlements were easily regulated betwixt
m the parties; for interest was out of the question: The chief nt- article confifled in the mutual excha;:ge of hearts, which was
le already fulfilled. What will be the lot of the new married couple? The happiest, I may venture to foretel that mortals ed can enjoy upon earth.
to 12. No pleafures are comparable to thoe that affet( the
Ily heart, and there are none, as I have obferved before, that afof fe&it with fiuch exquisite delight, as loving and being loved.
To this tender union we can never apply the words of Demo-





critus, that the pleasure of love as but a f'ort epilepfy, He meant without doubt, that mere fenfual pleafure, which has fo little in it of the nature of love, that a man may enjoy it without loving, and love without ever enjoying it.
13. They willbe conflant in their love. This I dare alfo to predi ; and I know the reafon. Their affedion is not founded on the dazzling charms of beauty; they are both the friends of virtue; they love each other on this account, They will therefore, continue to love, as long as they are virtuous-and their union itfelf is a pledge of their perfeverance-for nothing fo much fecures our continuance in the paths of virtue, as to have perpetually before our eyes the example of a perfon whom we love.
14. Nothing is capable of diflurbing their happinefd, but thofe difafters and misfortunes from which their love cannot shelter them. But fuppoling fuch a reverfe of fortune, would not their fate in this refpe4l be common with that of the reft of mankind ? Thofe who have never talked the pleafures of love, are not exempt from the like cafualties; and the lover is at leall, a gainer in regard to thofe pleafares which conrflitute no fmall part of the happinefs of life.
15. Beides, even love itfelf will greatly diminifh the fenfe of their misfortunes. For love has the peculiar property of elevating the fufferings of two fond hearts, and of rendering their pleafures more exquifite. By this communication of diffrels they feem to divide its weight : And on the contrary, by participation, their fatisfation is doubled.
16. As a fquadron of horfe is with greater difficulty broken thro by the enemy, in proportion to its clofenefs : fo the happy pair refill the attacks of adversity with fo much the more frength and fuccefs, as they are the more clofely united.

CHAP. XIII.
SOtOROW, PIETy, DEVOTION, FILIAL OBEDIENCE.
STORY or LA ROCHE.
j M O RE than forty years ago, an Englifh philofopher,
SVI whole works have fince been read and admired by all Europe, refided at a little town in France. Some difappointmentsin his native country had firft driven him abroad, and he was afterwards induced to remain there, from having found in his retreat, where the conneaions even of nation and Slanguage were avoide d, a perfect feclufion and retirement,





He33
Shas highly favorable to the development of abtra fubjes, in
y it which he excelled all the writers of his time.
2. Perhaps in the firudure of fuch a mind, the ner and
affo more delicate fenfibilities are feldom known to have place ;
not or, if originally implanted there, are in a great measure ex)oth tinguifhled by the exertions of intenfe iudy and profound invefunt. tigation.
are 3. Hence the idea that philofophy and unfeelingnef are unirfe- ted, has become proverbial, and in common language, the
the former word is often ufed to exprefs the latter. Our philofothe pher has been cenfired by forne, as deficient in warmth and
feeling ; but the mildnefs of his manners has been allowed by all; and it is certain that if he was not eafily melted into cor~ ffllon, it was, at leall, not difficult to awaken his benevolence.
4. One morning, while he fat bufied in thofe fpeculations
which afterwards afloniflied the world, an old female domestic, of who ferved him for a houfe keeper, brought him word, that an
r elderly gentleman and his daughter had arrived in the village,
I the preceding evening, on their way to fome diflant country
and that the father had been fuddenly feized in the night with
e a dangerous diforder, which the people of the inn, where they
I lodged, feared would prove mortal:
5. That fhe had been fent for as having fome knowledge of
f medicine, the village furgeon being then abfent ; and that it
,was truly piteous to iee the good old man, who feemed not fo much affeaed by his own dilrefs, as by that which it caufled to
his daughter.
6. Her matter laid afide the volume in his hand, and broke
off the chain of ideas, it had iofpired. His night-gown was exchanged for a coat, and he followed his governance to the fick man's apartment. It was the bell in the little inn where they ay, but a paltry one notwithffandinrg. Our philofopher was obliged to floop as he entered it. It was floored with earth, and above were the joiftis not plaifiered, and hung with
cobwebs.
7, On a flock bed at one end, lay the old man whom he
came to rifit; at the foot of it fat his daughter. She was dreffd in a clean white bed-gown ; her dark locks hung loofely over it as fhe bent forward, watching the languid looks of her fathr. The philofopher and his houfe keeper had flood fol moments in the room, without the young lady's being
en f their enterng it.
!1L




54

8. Mademoilelle laid the old woman at laff, in a fot tone. She turned and showed one of the lineft faces in the world. It was touched, not fpoiled with forrow4 and when fhe perceived a 11ranger, whom the old woman now introduced to her, a blufh at firft, and then the gentle ceremonial of native politenefs, which the afitaion of the time tempered, but did not extinguish, croffed it for a moment, and changed its expremfion. It was fwectnefs all, however, and our philofopher felt it wrongly.
9. It was not a time for words; he offered his fericein a few fincere ones. Monfieur lies miferablv ill here," faid the governante; if he could poffibly be moved any where." If he could be moved to our houfe," faid her maftiler. He had a fparebed for a frierrd, and there was a great room, unoccupied, next to the governance's. It was contrived accordingly.
Io. The fcruples of the firanger, who could look feruples, though he could not peak them, were overcome, and the bafhful relu&ance of his daughter gave way to her belief of its ufe to her father. The fick man was wrapped in blankets and carriedacrofs the fireet to the Englilh gentleman's. The old w~oan helped the daughter to nurfe him there. The furgeon, vho arrived foon after, prefcribed a little, and nature did much for him; in a week he was able to thank his benefactor.
Si. By that time his hoft had learned the name and charmacer of his gueft. He was a Proteftant and Clergyman of Swezerland, called La Roche, a widower, who had lately buried his wife, after a long and lingering illnefs, for which travelling had been preferibed ; and was now returning home after an ineffe&ual journey, with his only child, the daughter we have mentioned.
12. He was a devout man, as became his profeflon.-He poi'effed devotion in all its warmth; but with none of its af. perity ; I mean that afperity which men, who are called devout, fometimes indulge. The philofopher, though he felt no devotion, never quarrelled with it in others. His governante joined the old man and his daughter in the prayers and thankfgivings which they put up on his recovery ; for fhe too was a heretic, in the phrase of the village.
13. The philofopher walked out with his long flaff and his og, and left them to their prayers and thankfgivings. My mafler" faid the old woman, alas he is not a Chillian,





35
f but he is the bell of unbelievers."-" Not a Chriflian !" ex-t the claimed Mademoifelle La Roche, yet he fared my father! hen -Heaven blefis him for it ; I would lie were a Chriltian."
ced 14. There is a pride in human knowledge, my child"
na- faid her father," which often blinds men to the fublime truths
but of revelation ; hence there are oppofers of chtrfiftanity among
its men of virtuous lives, as well as among thofe of diflipated and
licentious charaders. Nay, sometimes I have known the latter more eafily converted to the true faith than the former; in becaufe the fume of pallion is more easily diflipated than the
mifl of falfe theory and delufive fpeculation. But this phi.
lofopher" faid his daughter, alas my father, he thal be
S a Chritllian before he dies.
in- 5. She was interrupted by the arrival of their landlordHe took her hand with an air of kindnefs---he drew it away ftom him in fileace ; threw down her eyes to the ground, and
left the room. I have been thanking God," faid the good
La Rode, for my recovery." That is right," replied ts his landlord. I should not wifh," continued the old man,
hefitatingly, to think otherwife; did I not look up with
gratitude to that Being, I should barely be fatisfied with my
1, recovery, as a continuation of life, which, it may be, is not
h a real good."
z6. Alas I may live to wifi I had died; that you had
left me to die, fir, inflead of kindly relieving me clampingg the f philofophlier's hand) but when I look on this renovated being
as the gift of the Almighty, I feel a far different fentiment.
My heart dilates with gratitude and love to him. It is prepar.
ed for doing his will, not as a duty, but as apleafure; and rc.
horror.
17. You fay right, my dear fir,"replied the philofopher;
"but you are not yet re-elablifhed enough to talk much ; you
ni take care of your health, and neither fludy nor preach for fame time. I have been thinking overa fchemethat truck me to day, when you mentioned your intended departure.
I was never in Switzerland; I have a great mind toaccompany your daughter and you into that country. I will help to take care of you by the road, for, as I was your firlt phyfician,
I holdmyf~lf refponfiblefor your cure."
I. La Roce's eyes gliffened at the propofal; his daughter
was called ad told of it. She was equally pleafed with her





36

fAther; for they really loved their landlord ; not perhaps thi, lefs for his infidelity ; at leaft that circumffance mixed a for of pity with their regard for him. Their fouls were not of mould for harflher feelings-hatred never dwelt with them.
19. They travelled by thort flages ; for the philofophe was as good askis word, in taking care that the old man fhoul not be fatigued. The parties had time to be well acquainted with one another,and theirfriendfhip was increafed by acquaintance. La Roche found a degree of simplicity and gentlenefs in his companion, which is not always annexed to thecharater of a learned or a wife man.
20. His daughter, who was prepared to be afraid of him, was equally undeceived. She found in him nothing of that felf-importance which fuperior parts, or great cultivation of them, is apt to confer. He talked of every thing but philofophy and religion; he feemed to enjoy every pleafure and amufement of oilinary life, and to be interefled in the moil common topics of difcourfe. When his knowledge or learnsug at any time appeared, it was delivered with the utmoft pslsinefs, and without the leaft thow of dogmatifm.
2. On his part, he was charmed with the fociety of the good clergyman andti his lovely daughter. He found in then the guilelefs manners of the earlieft times, with the culture and accompliflaments of the moff refined ones. Every better feeling, warm and vivid; every ungentle one, repreffed or overcome. He was not addiaed to love; but he felt himfelf happy, in being the friend of Mademoifelle La Roche ; and fomenitimes envied her father the poffeEion of fuch a child.
22. After a journey of eleven days they arrived at the dwel ling of La Rocle. It was fituaied in one of thofe allies in the Canton of Berne, where nature feems to repofe in quiet, and has nclofed her retreat with mountains inacceffible.
23a. A ireamn, that frent its fury in the hills above, ran in front of the houfe, and a broken water fall was feen through the woods that covered its fides. Below, it circled round a tufted plain, and formed a little lake in front of a village at the end of which appeared the fpire of La Rocke's churt-ch, rifing above a clump of beeches.
24. The philofophler enjoyed the beauty of the fcene; bv to his companions it recalled the memory of a wife and a parent they had loff. The old man's forrow was fient ; his daughter fobbed anJ wept. Her father took her hand, kiffed






37
the it twice, prcited it to his bofom, threw up his eyes to heaven
fort :d having wiped off a tear that was jailu about to drop front
of a each, began to point out to his gueft fome of the moft firiking
objets which the profped afforded. The philofopher interpher preted all this; and hlie could but flightly censure the creed
would from which it arof,.
nted 25. They had not been long arrived, when a number of
m La Roche's parishioners, who had heard of his return, came
nefs to the houfe to fce and welcome him. The honeft folks were raer awkward but fincere, in their profeflions of friendship. They
made fome attempts at'condolence; it was too delicate for
him, their handling; but La Roche took it in good part It has
that pleaded God," faid he; and they faw he had settled the mata of ter with himself. Philosophy could not have done fo much
lilof- with a thoufand words.
and 26. It was now evening, and the good peafants were about
mofl to depart, when a clock was heard to frike even, and the !arn- hour was followed by a particular chime. The country folks, mol who came to welcome their pallor turned their looks towards'
him at the found; he explained their meaning to his gdefl. the That is the fignal," faid he, for our evening exercife.
he This is one of the nights of the week in which fome of nay
Iture parifhioners are wont to join in it ; a little ruffic faloon ferves
Mtter for the chapel of our family, and fuch of the good people as are i or with us; if you chufe rather to walk out, I will furni!h you
nfelf with an attendant; or here are a few old books which may
and afford you fome entertainment within."
27. By no means," aafwered the philofopher; "I will wel- attend Mademoifelle at her devotions." She is our organs in i ," faid La Roche; our neighborhood is the country of muiet, fical mecharfm, and I have afmall organ, fitted up for the purpofe ofaiflingourfinging." "It is an additional inducement,"
r in eplied the other, and they walked into the room together.
zI. 2 At the end flood the organ mentioned by La Rode;
Sa before it was a curtain, which his daughter drew afide, and,
e placing erfelf on a feat within, and drawing the curtain Sclofe, fo as to fare her the awkwardnefs of an exhibition, be_gan a voluntary, folemn and beautiful in the higher degree. b The hilofopher was no musician, but ie wn not altogeth r
afenN to 1imufic. This fa4lened on his mind more (tougl,
from its b TdD





38

29. The folemn prelude introduced a hymn, in which, fac of the audience as could fing, immediately joined. T words were mofly taken from holy writ ; it fIpoke the praife of God, and his care of good ien. Something was faid oi the death of the juft ; of fach as die in the Lord. The or gan was touched with ahand lefs firm-it paufed-it ceafedand the fobbing of Mademoifelle was heard in its fead.
30. Her father gave a fign for flopping the rfalmody, and rofe to prayer. He was difeompofed at firi, and his voice faultered as he fpoke; but his heart was in his words, and its warmth overcame his embarraffiment. He addreffed a Being whom he loved, and hlie fpoke for thofe he loved. His parishioners caught the ardor of the good old man, even the philofopher felt himfelf moved, and forgat, for a moment, to think why he should not.
31 La Roche's religion was that of fentiment, not theory, ;and his guefl was averfe to difputation; their difcourfe did not therefore lead to queffions concerning the belief of either ; yet would the old man fometimes fpeak of his, from the feelings of a heart impreffed with its force, and wifthing to spread tiepleafure he enjoyed in it.
32. The ideas of his God and his Saviour, were fo cot genial to his mind, that every emotion of it naturally awaken, ed them. A philofopher might have called him an enthufiad : but if he poffefifed the fervor of enthufiafts, he was guiltiefs of their bigotry. Our father who art :in heaven !" might the good old man fay-for hlie felt it-and all mankind were his brethren.
33. You regret, my friend," faid he, to the philosopher, When my daughter and I talk of the exquifite pleafuare derived from mufic; you regret your want of mufical powers and musical feelings; it is a department of foul, you fay, which nature has almofl denied you, which, from the effects you fee it have on others, you are fare mufft be highly delightful."
34. Why should not the fame thing be laid of religion Truft me, I feel it in the fame way, an energy, an infpiration, which I would not lofe for all the bleflings of fenfe, or enjoyments of the world; yet fo far from leffening my relish of the pleafures of life, that I feel it heightens them all."
35- The thought of receiving it from God, adds the blefling of fentiment to that of fenfation, in every good thing which I pofefs and when calamities overtake me, and I havd






39

EC bad my fhiare, it confers a. dignity on my allihon, and fo
Pih lifts me above the world. Man I know, is but a worni, yet
-aife inethints I am' aIllied toG C'd I" I VwoUld have been inhuman
4of in our phiflfophecr to clousd,> even wvith a doubt, the funfhine O of his belief.
Ad- 3-6. His dikourfe, indeed, was, very remnote from metaphy'.ical difquifitiofl or religious controverfy. Of all men I and ctcr k-new, his ordinary converfaion was theleal sctindured
-omce ti eanrtry, or liable to dillrtatiun. With La ROedx and and~ his diau-'ier, it was perfedly familiar.
-d a 3.The couintrIy round themo, the manners of the village,
ved. the comparifonIr of both wish thofe of England, remarks on
eve~ 4, Itth works of favorite authors, on the fentimernts they conient, vee, and the paflions the y excited, with many other topics,
inwihthere was an eqU lity, or alternate advantage, among oryt the %jpakers, were the twsjeds they talked of. did 38. Their hours too of riding and walking were many, in
her ; -which the philofopher, as a firanger, was fhown she remarkafle1. ble fccenes and cariolities of the country. They would foio read times make littk expeditions to contemplate, in diffrent atti-.
tudes; shofe aflonifhing mountains, she cliffs of which, covered cot with eternal 'feows, and fornetimes. Shooting into fiintalic ken fhajses, form the serm]tination of moih of the Swifs profpe !Cs.
laf: 39- Our philofopher slfced mazny queflions, as to -their nai_*fs of' iral hillry and produ _Q'ns. Laj Roche 6bferved the fubthe linity, of the ideas, which the view of their flupendoits funk. Iris rit, inacceffihle to mortal fixt, was calculated to infbire, which, faid lie, naturally le ads the mind to thatt Being by )her, wvhom, their foundations were laid. "1 They are not feen ia
de. Flanders !", faid Mademnoifel4 xith a figh. "1 That is an
and' -odd remark," faid the philolbpher,"fiiling. Site hlufhed, hich and hu enquirised no Flsrther.*
.I fee 40. it aswith regret hie left a fociety in which he -found
lhimfeif fo ha ppy; buot he fettled with La Rocbe and his ion. C1 a111lare a phin of correfpcondence ; and they took his promle, that If ever he came within fifty leagues of their dwelI ly ing, he wo-)ud travel thofe fifty leagues to vir-h thema.
th 1-s 'i~o!r w~arfidcntinF1.intdc:'s, and a 6eeptic. 'Ir11
rr pro of oliJs inlhiiY lS iin;abjy delicate. In fi1or t' bi lholc tho lris a beakuti I faie onl 4eIfm, bigotry, and mcta1Aslical: the..
hin loY, \4eit painfi ff c virtue,,benevolctice, and ptety, in






41x. About three years after, our philofopher was on a vi
at Geneva; the promife lihe made to La Reche and his daug ter, on his former vifit, was recalled to his mind, by the vie of that range of mountains, on a part of which they had o ten looked together.
42. There was a reproach too, conveyed along w;th the r
collection, for his having failed to write to either of them fi feveral months pal. The truth was, that indolence was t!
-habit moft natural to him, from which he was not eafily roufe by the claims of correfpondence, either of his friends or h enemies ; when the latter drew their pens in controverfy, the
were often unanfwered as well as the former.
43. While he was hefitating about a viit to LaRoche, whic
he wished to make, but found the effort rather too much fo :him, he received a letter from the old man, which had been for warded to him from Paris, where he had then fixed his refi
dence.
44-. It contained a gentle complaint of the philofopher'
-want of punauality, but an affurance of continued gratitud for his former good offices, and as a friend whom the write k~nfidered interefled in his family, it informed him of the ap proaching nuptials of Mademolfclle La Roche, with a yous man, a relation of her own, and formerly a pupil of her fath
-er, of the moft noble difpofition, and refpeaable chara&er.
45. Attached from their earliefl years, they had been fepa
rated by his jinig en! of the fabfidiary regiments cf th Canton, tihen in the service of a foreign power. In this fitui tion he 'ad difiinguifhed hinimflf as much for courage and mnil itary Ik 1, as for the other endowments which he had culti _*ated at home. The term of his ferviec was now expired and they exceaed him to return in a few weeks, when the o4 man hoped, as he expreffed it in his letter, to join their hand
and fee them happy.
46. Our philofepher felt hirafelf interested in this event
but he was not, perhaps, altogether fo happy in the tidings Sf Mademoifelle La Roche'.r marriage, as her father fuppoe him. Not that he ever was a lover ofthe lady; but he though her one of the moff amiable women he had fcen ; and ther was fomething in the idea of her being another's forever, th
flruck him, he knew not why, like a difappointment.
47. After fome little speculation on the matter, however
he could look on it as a thing fitting, if not quite agreeable.







1tnd deturnined or li s vl itto fee hisold friend and bisd4ughdaugh ter happy.
e VieW es. On the Lf! &,,y c f bisjourney, difffetent accidents had
iad of- i _-ardcd hispro jers ; lie was b-niAted b, fnre he reached the
qtjprter in wiilch La Rocbetefidod. His guide however, was the rc- a--c-i untol Ole road, akid he found hunfelf in view
em for 01 the hke, I ha, bJorc dc&rIb2d, in the neighbor,as th- houd -,f LZ PI, S 0,
roufe N -1, d on the w itcr, that seemed to proceed
or his it inovc' flo-,-dy alon, a lie proceeded up
the fiae, t! t I.Ac, anl at !:ift lie fiw it '111urnelln.3 through the trees, ai-.,! dop at I'Orne diiiance ft oin the place where he which then 'was.
ch for 0. He fuppofcd it fo-pc of bridal merriment, and
!n for jWh'd on his horfe that lic n-*3,Iit be a fi,)eCtator of the feene
s refi but he was a aood dei I fhockcd, on approaching the lpot, to
find it to bc the terch of a pcrfon ct=he(I in the drefs of an pher' attrridimt on a funeral, and vecompamed by Lvcial others,
titud who, JI!,C him, fccincd to htv bcen eulj)]D C', in tlic I 1 cs of
write
ie a thc maklii,- cnqiiii-y who ivas the perfwi th, hid !), Cn ury;n
o,-c of them, with an accCrit fatil more mournful th.r, i common to their profefflon, anfwcred, J.
ter. then you kncw not fir you never bebuld a
fepa P cb: !" exclaimed be, in reply-,' aLs, it
f th was flit, Indotcl ""he appeLrarice of grief and furprifc
fi u a wilicl) !1;, co lq. AL'i-acd, attraaed the notice ofth ncafMI! ant V";t1, wi-orn Lie
cultI 52- IP ci(jfc to the philoGypher-11 (Ju
pired :CT TI!L j 2'a Roche. 11 Acq,,i ,inted wi h h.-,r Go-i G() l when-how, where did flic die bam Wh .re is Itcr fatjA r d;,,j, fir, of heart break, I be"c" ; the I a- to who-riflie was foon to b- rrarTiel, was kilh!d it, a cl-i by a French officer, his
idin 4COnIpailior), ar li before their quarrel, he bad oticii
1) 0 fc d6net!i gi, ateq fjvcrs.
oug], 53, H, I v--thy, father bcars her death, as lie has oc_ :,
ther told I .1 i
Os 3 C!II_:!:Ir
nti,,k in his pu!;)"t rea !y C is even fo coinpofe,,I as to !)e I tha I deliver afe-, v exhortations to -,is 1,qS is the ClItIon, ith us Ol futl) OCC,
leve D 2
able





Ime, fir, and you hall hear him." He followed the man wit out anfwering.
54 The church was dimly lighted, except near the pulpi where the venerable La Roche was feated. His people we now lifting up their voices to that Being whom their pafor ha taught them ever toblefs and revere. Ia Roche fat, his fi ure bending gently forward,' his eyes half clofed, lifted up i silent devotion. A lamp, placed near him, threw a ligh firongly on his head, and marked the flhadowy lines of his ag acrofs the palenefs of his brow, thinly covered with greyhairs
55. The mufic ceafed-La Roche fat for a moment, an nature wrung a few tears from him. His people were loud i their grief. The philofopher was not lefs affected than they. La Roche arofe. "* Fatherof mercies," faid he, forgive there tears ; atlid thyfervant to lift up his foul to thee ; to lift to thee the fouls of thy people My friends, it is good fo to do ; at all feafons it is good ; but in the days of our ditrefs, what a privilege it is Well faith the facred book, Truff in the Lord; at all times truff in the Lord.'
56. When every other fupport fails us, when the fountains of worldly comfort are dried up, let us, then feek thofe living waters which flow from the throne of God. It is only from the belief of the goodnefs and wisdom of a supreme Be-4 ing, that our calamities can be borne in a manner which becomes a man."
57- Human wifdom is here of little ufe ; for in proportion as it beflows comfort, it repreffes feeling, without which we may ceafe to be hurt by calamity, but wefhallalfo ceafe to enjoy happinefs. I will not bid you be infenfible, my friends 1 I cannot.
58. I feel too much myfelf, and I am not ashamed of my feelings ; buttherefore,may I the more willingly be heard: therefore have I-prayed God to give me flrength to fpeak to you ; to direa you to him, not with empty words, but with thefe tears; not from fpeculation, but from experience; that while you fee me ftuffer, you may know alfo my confolation."
59. You behold the mourner of his only child, the laft earthly flay and blefling of his declining years Such a child too It becomes not me to fpeak of .her virtues; yet it is but grateful to mention them, becaufe, they were exerted towards myfelf. Not many days ago you law her young, beautiful, wirtuo 4s and hapy : ye who are parents will judge of my af-




43
n 1; fqicion now. But I look towards him who fOruck me : I fee
the hand of a father-amidft the chaflenings of my God."
e were 6o. Oh could I make you feel what it is to pour out
orwere the heart when it is preffed down with many forrows ;to pour
Sh it out with confidence to him in whofe hands are I fe and death;
is fig on whofe power awaits all that the fi enjoys, and in conup in templation of whom difappears all that the lafl can inflia!
ight For we are riot as thofe who die without hope; we know that
Z ag our Redeemer liveth; that we hall live with him, with our
hairs friends, his fervants, in that bleffed land where forrow is unand known, and happinefs as endless asit is perfea."
ud in 61. Go then, mourn not for me; I have not lof my
they, child : But a little while and we hall meet again never to be
give parted. But ye are alfo my children. Would ye that I
fo lift would not grieve without comfort ? So live as fhe lived ; that f to when your deathihai come, it may be the death of the right.ainn cous, and your latter end like his."
6z. Such was the exhortation of La Roc e; his audience
.nfwered it with tears. The good old man had dried up his
)un- at the altar of the Lord; his countenance had loft its fadnefs,
ofe and affumed the glowof faith and hope. The philofopherfolinly lowed him into his houfe. s
e 63. The iufpiration 4~e pulpit was pall; the fcenes they
be had la met in, ruflhed again on his mind ; La Roche threw
his arms around his neck, and watered it with his tears. The '.or- other was equally affded ; they went together in Gfilence into
ich the parlour, where the eveningfervicewas wont to be performed.
to 64. The curtains of the organs were opened; La Roche
flarted back at the fight-" Oh my friend," faid he, and his tears burfr forth again. The philofopher had now recollected
Of himfelf; he flept forward and drew the curtain clofe. The
J: .old man wiped off his tears, and taking his friend by the
to hlaand, "you fee my weaknefs," laid he, 'tis the weakness
th of humanity ; but my comfort is not therefore loft."
at 65. I heard you," fiaid the other, "in the pulpit; I re-.
ce that fuch ,confolation is yours." It is, my friend,"
aid he, and I traft I hall ever hold it faft. If there are
Sany who doubt our faith, let them think of what importance religion is to calamity, and furbear to weaken its force; if they cannot refore our happineTfs, let them not take away the
olace of our afflinion."
6. The philofopher'Cs heart was fmitten : and I have heard




bim loiig after confcfs, that thrre.were moments, when t remembrance overcame him even to wei !-zicfg when arm all the PICafurts of philosophical dif :(, cry and the '. ride literary fanIC5 he called to his mind thc i nerkle fgure of Soo(t LaRoebe, -and wifhed thit he it ,! ncvcr dc,,bted.
FuxEiLAL oF GEi4ERAL Y'RASPX, N-F-M S. IATOGA-RELA
-ryb By Gns. Buproyx z
A BOUT funletthe cor'A'c of General Frafer Was bro
up the hill, attended only by the offices kilho had lived in his famil To arrive at the redoubt, it paRd -,vithiti view of the gre z-. par, of both armies.
2. General Phii ipsl Gtneral Rtidcfd and riqfelf" -%,ho werc landing togct!'.--r N crc iinick xvith ifie humility of the

N%'ere ignorant that privacy had been reque fed by Gc.1cf:11 Fr?.fCr, rnightafiribeit to neg6ll.
c could conjure that refle ion, nor Indeed
reflect .:n our V L,Ual poperfity to ay our laff attention to ;s rem iins. 1% oincd the proceffion and were witneffes of -,!Ie

The Ltnt cannonade tbc fn!,!"nit the
e-dy at.itu,!e and un-'iltercd vr*e of the charkin who offiated, tho frequently covered w7lWff, from the Riot which thc Ari rican artillery tivew -f -und Ils ; tile tntites but exPTCflIVL mixture of fenfiMity'anti indignation upon ev-ry countenance ; tbefe 0 ;eL will rcpna;Ti to the ]aft of He on the rnlzds 6f t, ci y man who was prL Cti-,t.
5. The Jowiiq dufldnef of 11 evening added to tl-,: fe"nLry' 'nd the %klmle marked ; cihar; 'Jer 4 'that jurf-Iture, that \%:ouILI, rni k(. wic of tle fmcl fiabj :6ts for the pencil of a inaftev ,hat the I'clLi exhlhitcd.
6. To dlit canvas and to th(.- faithful page of a more important hiftdi an, gallant I cmfign thl me-.bory.

STORY ov LADY HAi,,q m i- A c, i.AN r, lb,, 'Bumco-i".,

L A DY Ll d !C(:oq-'tpallied fitc 1 uband
to can--(I'L in tlhc of the Ycir r -6. In
the ccurE of that c,-inpai i') ific ad 'trattA, d a vail 1!
irounzrv, in LijfFerent ex-rtmit:lts 6f ffafon' and With dirlicgit4t t -,t an. FuTo-,*gn NvIfl not er jv Conceive, o
attuned iTI at Chijjjflc "I'"i09 f ihe ca"TI:V Of 1777, "qc 'Oal re-







ami4 ained, by thle pofitive injunajons of her hudhan d, from ofride 0 firing herfeif to a hare of the fatigue and hazard expected
of 1:1e before Ticonderoga. The da~y after the con queft of that
Place, lie was badly woude, and fhe croffied the Lake
Champlan to join him.
tELA.. 3. As foon as he recovered, Lady Harriet proceeded to
follow his fortunes thrjo' the campaign, and at Fort Edward bro't or the next camp, obtained a two-w.heel turrbril, which had
o. ad been conflriaed by the artificersa of the artillery, fomerhing
ithNn fimilar to the carriage tifed for thre mail upon the great roads
in England.
who 4. Major Ackland commanded the Biitifhi grenadiers,
the whowere attached to General Frafer's body of the armny, and
W n oiifqueny were alasthe moft advanced poff. Their fituai eeoften fo alert, that no perfort flept out of his

his 5. In one of thefe ftwations, a tent in which the Major
the and his Lady were afleep, fuddenly took fire. An orderly
ferjeatit of thec grenadiers, with great hazard of fuirocation J1e dragged out the firfi peiffon he caught hold of. It proved t
fli_ be the Major.
ch 6. It happened, that in the fame inflant, Is lady,'nt
.K. knowing what fhe: did and perhaps not perfeafly awake, rv
ryidentially made her efcape, by creeping under the Wallso
the back part of the ten~t.
7.The lFnrfl object -he faw, upon the recovery of her fels
a Nvas the Major- on the other fide, and in the fame inflant again
in the fire in fearcb o' her. li'e ferjeant again faved him~, but not without the MaLjor's being fcverely burnt in his face.
and., othei- parts of his body. Every thing they had in th
tent was confumed.
S. This 2cciderit happened a little time before the am~
paffed the Hrudfon. It jicither altered the refolution notr the cheerfiulnefs of Lady Harriet ; and-flie contiruced her pro
ge',apartaker of the fatigues of the advanced Lody. The
nex ~cal uspon her futde w.as of a different naue and
R 9.On nie arch of the 19th of' Septe-mbr te grtnadiers ben ibetGo na every Rep, flhe had ben 4 redeld by the Mjor o foo the artillery and baggage, which wvere no xoe. At the Eme the a&ion be-gan, (hie found herkfiera limall unnabite.d hut, irhere ffhe alighted.





to. When it-,vas fcund the b~o a ccoming gencrat a
bloody, the fargeons of the hoijitad took pculeilon of theh as the inm( on, coertient place for vi)e fir ft care of the w ound ~rhus was this Lady iri hearing of one CocuDUe4 fire of caf
non, and mufquetry, for four hoors toether, with the
Itfurrption from the poll of he hthin aIt the hea~d of t 1 grenadiers, that he uas in th ni etedpr of the a Iio.
j She had, three fefr,, emp ,o_,,h ixironefs
Reidefel ad the wives of two Bi tii01 Onicers, ~Lor Har zage and Lieutenant Reynefi; bit ins the, event the~r prcfenc ferved but'little for- comfort. Majo lirnage was foon bn' to the furgeons, very hbadly wounidd; arid a little time afte came intelligence that Lieutenant Reynell was fhot dead.
Imagination will want no helI ps to flgUr-c the fiate- of the whole

12. From the date of that 1aion to the, 7th of O&ober,
Lady Harriet, -with her ufual fereniry, flood prepared for Eew trials ; and it was her lot that their feverity ijcreafed
'ihtheir numbers. She was again expofed to the hearing oftewhole adion, and at Iaft received the fhock of her dvidrsal misfortune, mixed with the intelligence of the
k gnral calamity ; the troops were defeated, and Major Ack-~
Lad~prately wounded, was a prifaner.a
i The day of the 8th was paffed by this Lady andhe
companions in common anxiety-not a tent nor a fhed being
fadnexcept what be longed to the Hofpital, their refuge
wsaogthe wounded and dying.
14 Duing a halt of the army, in the retreat of the B1th
of ober, I received a meffage from Lady Hartier, fubritigto tay decifrotv a proposal of paffiag to the Arucrican camp, vdrequeting Gen. Gates's permiffion to attend her huiand.
15. Tho I was ready to believe, for I had. experienced, Otptence and fortitude, in a fiapremne degree, wcre to be fon, sWell as every other virtue, under the moft trienr
forms, I was aftonithed at this pi'opofal.
16 After fo) long an agitation tf the f):riTf, e-4han'led
not only for wait of reft, but want of' food, drtnehed In rains,
fo~r twelve h1ours 10ogether, that a wolnali fliou;Id bc e I");J;e o
fiil an Undcrtaking as deliverin g herkl~f to~ tfc eiimry, I robably in thie night, and uncertain whlat h' nds thec might cLL
Il int, apercl an~ effort above liumsan are
57. The afllfiance I was ealdto iv( fI 'lail indeed.





47
ral a
fie hu I Mdnot even a cup of wine to orTer her ; but I was told
,;;]&d. Pic had fu id from i'Mic kind and )rtn=e hand a little rj;v
,f Can- and, diity vr'attr- I 1!! 1. coLld fci ,iil to her was an open
e Ili 11, 4e2t and a ft\y lincs, written on dirty wet paper, to General )f 'thc er to Ms
IF. 11! ,.dencll, tilt chnp 'n iv],o 111d 'Officiated at the
fS of "uq(2YA i rci,5 i ,,,_ily iindertiok to accompany
Har- lijcj-, unt: male fervent and !it MLjor's valet, who
n, r C had icn in his ffioulder a ball re6f ived in i he 1,ae adion, fhe
bWt dovvn tli, river to meet the cacriv. Dut her diAreffes
after wcre not vtt at an end.
k'd. ig., TL inglit v, as dvanced before hcr ,i reached the
"llole enemy's out poft, and the cen. nel xvouli net let it pafs, nor
elvell come on fhorc. In a in Mr. Lrudem-A! offered d the flag )ber, of-truce, and tq)rel nted th,- Rare of the extraordinary paf
for fnper. The guard apprchenfi e of treacliczy, and pun&ilious
afed to t1it ir ordt rt, thre; tencd to fire into the boLt, if it itirring r,,:d b4ore day-light.
her 20. ljeranx! 21-11 and litFerinig were thus protnCted thro
the f,-vtii or cigl;t d;A inddoldlionirs, andber reflc._' iofls upou
,ck- fh l fii i cqiion c vdd not give her very encouraging j
of' th-, treatment fhq was infierwards -.o expect. But it is due her to juEice at il-- cl6fe of this a& entiree to fay, that flie Nv
r, TIT( ivcd aTid ;--ccommoditcd by C, neral Gates, with all the
Lige fiumnnity and refpe6, that her rank, her merits and her
fortzin(s defrvcd.
3 th 21. I-xt J'ach as4re aR&ed bv cii curntrances of alarm,
11. hal dflvp arc' danger, reccAlt J, t!-:It tin, ful,;ect of tlicni .va,
a n ; of a moft tLoder _i1(_;L!C fr i inQ ; of tl-_t- cn,:
id, mantis ; accuffonncj to afl -ht !t C i,- g i.ncies and rclinca
cl, enjoymtms, th;it attenri h!g7i 1) it!-. Lru t rttine, and far ade .,avced in a ffqtc in o cares alviays chic to her
crfibly Her m.;:Td alone ivas forC d for f -2! t: i _j 1.

A r-vr ,T uR i s c- XAm.

IT, n-r.Ji oF Aug-l', cr ciriplovcd, ti-C S "" t" rS Rog rs and 11Utrram,, to v,, !tch +(.1nouOrs Uf 11,U -ncm
v rtar Ticonderoga,
At'South Bi3 0 ci fC1_1aTa'Ld 11(21) ',!ty i n tO tv,10 e9ijal C,N ifionq
z n d Rogge r s z,
()j, Wood C C"k tivelve 111;les d&m

2t





48

2. Upon being, fome time afterwards, discovered, th formed a re-uron and cornerted meafures for retu, ning to F E.ward., Their march through the woods, was in three di fon ly FILEs, the right commanded by Rogers, the left Putnam and the center by Captain DIEll. The firif night thi encamped on the banks of Clear River, about a mile fro old Fort Ann, which had been formerly built by Gener Nicholfon.
3. Next morning, Major Rogers and a Britilh officer, n med Irwin, incautioufly fuffered themfelves from a spirit of fa emulation, to be engaged in firing at a mark. Nothing conu have been more repugnant to the military principles of Putma than fiphconduc ; or reprobated byhim in more pointed term
4. As foon as the heavydew which had fallen the preceding night would permit, the detatchment moved in one body, Pa nam being in front, D'Ell in the center and Rogers in the rea The impervious growth of flirubs and undeibrufh that ha fprung up, where the land had been partially cleared fome year before, occasioned this change in the order of march.
5. At the moment of moving, the famous French partiza0ang, who had been fent with five hundred men to inter cept our party, was not more than one mile and an half difar from them. Having heard the firing, he hafled to lay an an bufcade precifely in that part of the wood moit favorable to hi projea. Major Putnam was juff emerging from the thicketin to the common foreft, when the enemy role, and with difcor dant yells and whoops, commenced an attack upon the right o his division.
6. Surprifed, but undifmayed, Putnam halted, returned the fire and paffed the word for the other divisions to advance for his fupport. D'Ell came. The action, though widely feattered and principally fought between man and man, fooi grew general and intenfely warm. It would be as difficult a ueleffto defcribe this irregular and ferocious mode of fighting
7 Ma!ajor Putnam, perceiving it would be impracticable t, crofs the Creek,determined to maintain his ground. Infpiret by his example, the officers and men behaved with great brave ry : fometinesthey fought aggregately in open view, and fome times individually under cover ; taking aim from behind ti botldiesof trees and acing in a manner independcntof eachdt
8. For himfelf, having difcharged his fuzee feveral tims t .length it miffed fire, while the muzzle was pteffed aain






49

tFO die breafi of a large and well propotedl aae.Ti
ediv djor, availing himfieif of the indefenfihle attitude of his adverleft h fary, Witfi a tremendous war-hoo fprang forward, with his
ht the, liftedl hatchet, and compeflid haim to IiwresAder ; and having finr dilfrmd and bound him 411t to a tree, returned to the battle.
ener 9. The intrepid Ca en commanded, were forced to give ground for a little diftance er, Da .the Sal'ages, conceiving this to be the certaLin Tiarbinger of vicof faf tory, ruffhed irupe tuoufly on, with dreadful and redoubled cries.'
coul B3ut our two partizans, collcO I g a handful -f brave mien, gave,
'utma thre purfiers fo) warm a reception ais to oblige then, in turn,
terms. to retreat a little beyond the fpot at which the aaion had comn-I
ceding mn ed.Hre they made a fanid.
Put- Ti change Of ground occafloned the tree to which'
rear. Pansws tied to be direcffly bet ween the fire of the two
atr ha es- matim nainan h ardly figure_ to itfeif a more
it hadtb ip i6 Z balls flew incefrantly from either
years fide, may f#ruck tOire, iashile fomne pad~ed through the
inia fleeves and fkir ts of IN cot. In this fate of jeopardy, unable to move his body, t frhis limbs or even to incline his ,inter head, he remained -mare than an hour. 'So eqal Jaacd
'a and fo obflinate was the fight! qal aac
n a i a. At one moment, while the battle swerved in favor of
the enemy, a young favage, chefe an odd way of difcovering e n his hurmour. He found P~utnam hound. He might have dififcoT- patchaed him at a blow. Bii't he loved better to excite the ,ht 0f terrors of the prifioner, by hurling a tomahawk at his heador rather r it Ihould feem his object was to fee how near hie could irned throw it without touching him-thle wecapon flruck in tire tree
vance a number of times at a hair's breadth diflance from he mrark.
idlyy 42. When the Indian had finifhed his amufement~a Frenchi fo Bas-Offier (a much more inveterate favage by nature, though
alt as defended from fo humane and pohiflhed a nation) -ereiving tirng. Putnm cane u;p to him, and, levelling a fuzee withlin a1 foot le to of'bi enai attempted to difeharge it ; it millkd fi:-retc
pired tall thed intended viaisn, folicit the treatment t~o his!
rave- fituaiouby repeat.ing, that he was a prifoner of wair
Dn, a h degenerate Frenchman did not u. nd the-J l
I the, ]a Ofhonor or of nature -deaf to theIir v W d dilad
to wl 4, he volenitly and repeatedlypuffiJ 1-fnzzle o1f cs, his gu,4 at Putnam's isand finally v fI- qm







blow on the jaw with the butt of his piece. After this d; tardly deed he left him.
54. At length the aaive intrepidity of D'Ell and Harma seconded by the perfevering valor of their followers, prevaile They drove from the field the enemy, who left about nine dead behind them. As they were retiring Putnam was un ed by the Indian who had made him prifoner and whom afterwards called master.
IS. Having been conduaed for fome diflance from the pla of adion he was f(ripped of his coat, veft, flockings and fhoe loaded with as many of the packs of the wounded as cot be piled upon him; firongly pinioned, and his wrifts tied slofely together as they could be pulled with a cord.
I6. After he had marched, through no pleafant paths,. this painful manner for many a tedious mile ; the party (w were excelively fatigued) halted to breathe. His hands w, now immoderately swelled from the tightnefs of the ligatur, and the pain had become intolerable. His feet were fo mu f scratched that the blood dropped faft from them.
17. Exhautled with bearing aburden above his firengi and frantic with torments exquifite beyond endurance ; he c treated the Irifh interpreter to implore as the laft and only g4 he defired of the Savages, that they would knock him on t head and take his fcalp at once or loofe his hands.
xS8. A French officer, inflantly interpofing, ordered I hands to be unbound, and fome of the packs to be taken By this time the Indian who captured him and had been fent with the wounded, coming up, gave him a pair of mofons and expreffed great indignation at the unworthy treatm his prifoner had fuffered.
19. That Savage Chief again returned to the care of t wounded, and the Indians, about two hundred in numb went before the reft of the party to the place where the whi were, that night, to encamp. They took with them Ma Putnam, on whom (befides innumerable other outrages) t had the barbarity to infli& a deep wound with a tomahav
in the left cheek.
20. fufferings were in this place to be confummau
A fceneF horror, infinitely greater than had ever met eyes before, was now preparing. It was determined to rd him alive,.-For this purpofe they led him into a dark ford





St

iis d litipped im naked, bound him to a tree and piled dry brufli
wVith other fuel, at a fimall diftance, in a circle round him. arm 2 1. They accomnpanied~ their laboturs, as if for his funeral
vaile Airge. with fcreanis and fons inimitable but by Savage voinit.t cs Then they fet, the piles on fire. A fuddefi fhower dampnsin ed the rifi larsie. Still they (lrovq to kindle it, until, at
aomn h laft, the blaze ran fiercely round thre circle. Major Putnam
foon began to fcel, the f~orchiag heat. His hands were f te lac tied that he could more his body. ei often Phifted fides as

s zol A. Ts fight, at the very idea of which all but Savages
tied a uf4 0iusdder, afforded the highelf diverfion to his inhumane
tormentors, who demonfrated the delirium of their joy by
L fis' carr fpn entyelsdance; ad e flculations. He fawcdearly tths, hthsfnlhu a nvtbycome. He fummoned all his
y( %Vbit olto ~ andcmoe hwn is idbl a a h cruy~i
lat re could admit. to bida eternal farewel to all he held spoft dear.
o m23. To quit the world would fearcely have, coi a fingle:
0m pang but fo~r the idea of home, but for the remembrance of
domcllic endearments, of the affleionate partner of his foul, reng and of their beloved offspring. His thought was ultimately
hev LIsed on a happier fate of exillence beyond the torturer, he
yg was beginning to endure.
on t24. The bitternefi of death, even of that death which is
rd accompanied with the keeneft agonies, was in a Manner, paft kren -natu~re, wizh a feeble flruggle, was quitting its laft hold on
kno febluna4ry thrings-.when a French officer ruffled through the icen a croud, opened a way by fcattei ing the burning brands and unf mo bound the vi~lim. It was MO$Ang9 hinlfelf-to0 whom a Sav.atme age) unwilling to fee another human fatrifice immolated, had
Of run and comnmunicated the tidings.
of a25. That commandant~ fpurned and feverely reprimanded
rum the barbarians, whofe no~rnnal Powwas he fiddenly ended.
- who Putra did not wvant for feeling or gratitude. The French
iMa commnder, fearing to trrift him alone with them, remained
until he could deliver himt in fkfety into the hands of his nsaller. Lahaw- 2 (. The Savage approached his prifoner kindly ad feemedI
.1 to treat him with particular affection. He oifere him foin,
ima hard bicuit, but finding that he could not chew thm on acmet oun ofthe blow he had received, from the Frenchuln this to'r morehumae Savage foaked forne of the biferit in tvatcr n'd
m o iade -hifck the pulp-like part.







27. Determined, however, not to lofe this captive (the r frefhment being finifhed) he took the mocafons from his fe and tied them to one of his writs: then directing him to I down on his back upon the bare ground, he firetched one an to its full length, and bound it fall to a young tree; the oth< arm, was extended and bound in the fame manner-his lej were firetched apart and fattened to two faplings.
28. Then a number of tall, but lender poles were ct down; which, with fome long bufhes, were laid acrofs h body from head to foot: on each fide lay as many Indians could conveniently find lodging, in order to prevent the pofl bility of his efcape. In this difagreeable and painful poflu he remained until morning.
29. During this night, the longest and moft dreary cot reivable, our hero ufed to relate that he felt a ray of cheei fulnefs come cafually acrofs his mind, and could not even re frain from failing, when he reflected on this ludicrous group for a painter, of which he himself was the principal figure.
3o. The next day he was allowed his blanket and moca fons, and permitted to march without carrying any pack, a receiving any infult. To allay his extreme hunger, a littL bear's meat was given, which he fucked through his teeth At ight, the party arrived at Ticonderoga and the prifon4 was placed under the care of a French guard.
31. The Savages who had been prevented from gluttintheir diabolical thirf[ for blood, took every opportunity o manifeffing their malevolence for the disappointment, by hot rid grimaces and angry geflures; but they were fufered n more to offer violence or perfonal indignity to him.
3z After having been examined by the Marquis de Mont calm, Miajor Putnam was condafted to Montreal by a Frend officer, who ureated him with the greateft indulgence and hu rnamty.

THE FAITHFUL AMERICAN DoG.
S Officer in the late American army, on his flatio r' at bthe weflward, went out in the morning with h
dog and gun, in quefll of game. Venturing too far from garrifon, he was fired upon by an Indian who was lurki the bushes, and inflantly fell to the ground.
2z. The Indian running to him, truck him on the Ie with his tomahawk in order to difpatch him ; but the buttoi




53

the f h iis hat fortunately wadn off the edge, he was only flunisf ed by the blow. With favagc brualiy he applied the fcalp, to f irg knife, and haftened awa with this trophy of his horrid
to a crely th ofie fo dead, and? to relieve or
t oth COnfole him, but his faithful dog.
ish 3.'rThe affii&cd creature gave every expreflion of his atischment, idelity, and affeaion. lHe licked the wounds

Te cu with inexpreffihie teesdernefs, and mourned the fate of his
A~ hi beloved iuaffer. Hain perfined every office which fymnans j~eby dia-ted, or fagacity could invent, without being e pt 0 to remove his mailer from the fatal fl-ot, or procure from hinm
c~fureany flgns of Yie, or his wonted expreflons ofaffeaicn to him,
ae anoff in queft of help.
con 4*. Bnighis cobrfe towards the river, 'where two men cheer *buP)~ig e redthmby all the powers of naive rhet4.
en re ofkt copn imn to the woods. The men were fi4&i.
ticve f t dco toinarrbueaceand dared Dot venture to lure. folwtedg;wo idn l i carefres fadi, returned to the
moca- care of hs after ; and, liking his wounds a second time, remo newed all histendernefes; but wvith no better fuccefs than before.
litt 5. Again bie returned to the men ; once more to try his
teed kl nArn them to his allittance. In this attempt he was
ifo orefccef~ulthan i the other. The men, feing ihis folictdbegani to think the dog might have difeovered fomei

Utin vlaegame and determined to hazard the confequences of
ty 0 6. Tiansfported wiith his fuccefs, the afle&ionate creature hurho ed thren a-lng bay every expreflon of ardor. Prefently they 2d no arrive at the fjot, where behold-an officer wounded, fcalped,
weltering in his own gure, and faint with the lofs of blood.
r n ~ 7- Sufie it tofay, he was yet alive. They carried hint ren okth fott, where the fu fl dreffngs were performed. A fup..
duain hmmditely took place, and he was foon coriveyed
to h&fiepialat Albany, where in a-few weeks, he etrl
edLICJ and was able to return to his duty.
latio 8. This worthy officer owed his life, probably, to the fl.
tllit of this fagacious dog. His tongue, whichte geinieth I afte ads decclared gave him the mnoff exqujk pkeafure,
laiidtewound in thle nmofleftfedual marny a&d his perfv brought that affifljince, without whichbhe mud fol
have *Whed





ts dreadful inundation, was computed to be 9o milesI anId 14 broad and the depth of die lava from i oo to i zo Twelve rivers were dried. up-2 vilages deilroyed and a con arable number Of people. The extent of the ground cove cm the north was not afeertained. Some hills were met down-others covered and the whole had the appearance oa fea of red hot melted metal.
13. After thi.s erulinon, tWO new Tflands rofe from theft One in February 1 7S4 1 ofe about i oo miles fouthwefl ofTI lanad. It was aboa.t .3 miles in circuifierence and a mile height. It burnt with great violence, fending forth prodigies quantities of fland and pumice floiies Bioth illantis have n


EXTRACT FROM TEE ORATrION or THomAs, DAWE-S, Es
DELIVERED AT BOSTu0t, JULY 4, 1787.
THAT Education is one of the deepeft principles '-independznce, need not be labored, in this affembl) Ini arbitrary, governments, where the people neither make t law nor choofe thole who legiflate, the more ignorance th more peace.
2.BFut in a government where the people fill all the branch. ,es of the fovereigntv, inteligencre is the 1ife of liberty. A American would refenit his being denied fheAk of his M& kK but lec would deprive hinifeif of a fironger, fafeguard, ifW fisould wiant that kayoi-ing which is nieceffary to a knowledge iy his conffiwLtion.
3~It is cafy to fee that our agrarian law and the law of ed. shcation were CaLlcdlated to Make republicans ;, to make men, $ervitude could never lonrg cdnil withi the habits of fichci i~ens. Enlightened minds and virtuous manners lead to tht gas of glory. The fentimcnts of independence muft bayt been rcrinatunil in the boform of Americans ; and foner o, later, miud have blazed out into public aftion.
4.. Independence fits the foul of her refidence for every no, ble entesprlyze of humanity and greatr"efs. Her radiant li'nili lights up celeflial ardor in poets and-orators. who found liei praifes kItousgh all ages ; in legislators and philofophers, wh4x fabricate wife aind happy governments as dedications to h fame ; in patriot and heroes, who flied their r lives in fcris to her divinity.
5-. At thsidea, dD not our uiia~b fwcllwVi tthe n





57
o20 of thofe whole godlike virtues have founded her moll magnifi.
I conGi cent temple in America ? It is eafy for us to maintain her
oer doarines, at this late day, when there is but one party on the
melt fubjea, an immenfe people. But what tribute hall we beC O flow, what facred puan hall we raife over the tombs of thofe

the who dared, in the face of unrivalled power, and within the
of e reach of majeffy, to blow the blaLf of freedom throughout a
mile fhbjet continent ?
migio 6. Nor did thofc brave countrymen of ours only express
ion the emotions of glory ; the nature of their principles infpired
fine them with the power of prasice; and they offered their boforms to the fhafts of battle. Bunker's awful mount is the capacious urn of their afhes ; but the flaming bounds of the
ES universe could not limit the flight of their minds.
7. They fled to the union of kindred fouls ; and tlhofe who
es o at the flraits of Thermopylz, and thole who bled on the mbly. heights of Charleflown, now reap congenial joys in the fields ke the of the bleffed.
:e th
GENERAL WASHINGTON's RESIGNATION. anch MR. PRESIDENT,
A;, HE great events on which my refignation depended
.'L having at length taken place, I have now the honor
if of offering my fincere congratulations to Congrels, and of prege fentiag myafelf before them to filrrender into their hands the
truft committed to me, and to claim the indulgence of retirfed ing from the fervice of my country.
men 2. Happy ain the confirmation of our independence and
Sci fovereignty, and pleafed with the opportunity afforded the
Sth United States of becoming a refpe6table nation, I reign, with have, fatisfa&ion, the appointment I accepted with diffidence ; a
diffidence in my abilities to accomplifth fo arduous a talk, which, however, was fuperfeded by a confidence in the reditude of
no our caufe, the fuipport of the fupreme power of the Union,
and the patronage of Heaven.
her 3. The fuccefiful termination of the war has verified the
Smoft fangLae expeaations ; and my gratitude for the interpoftion of Providence, and the alffiflance I have received from my cotrymen, increafes with every review of the momentous

Sl I repeat my obligations to the army in general
i injufice to mIywn feelings not to acknowledge,





iq this place, the peculiar fervices and dif*ingu~heA mierits th~e gentlemen who- have been attached to my person dcv' the war.
5. it was7 i-apoffible the choice of confidential officers conspofe my family ffiould ha~ve been more fortunate. P mit mc, Sir, to recommend in partcular thofc who have co tinued in the fervice to the prtfeat om-ent, as worthy of t favorable notice and patronage of Congrefs.
1. consider it as an i difpenflb d ty to clofe t i lafl f Jewn aa of my official life, by commending the intereffs our dearell country to the protcdiori of Almighty God, an01 thofe who have the fuperiiqtendeocc 'of them, to his hol keeping.
7. Having now finiffied the work affigned me, I retire fr ibe greatt theatre of adin ; and, bidding an affedionate fr,
wdto this augull body, under whofe orders I have fo 1o. awe(d, I here offer my commiflion, and take my leave of al the employments of .public life. G AHN T N

Dec 23, 1783.

SJ*GULAR warT*Cs; OF P&TK;OTISM.
I)WARJ) the Third, king of England, after the Li
1 E te of Creffy, laid flege to Cidais. He bad fortified his camp ina fo impreguable a manner, that all the efforts ol Frane pteved ineffedual to raife the fiege, or throw firccouil into the city. The citizens, however, nder the conduct ol cout Vienn-, their gallant governor, made ans admirable de' fice.
2. Day after day the Eog~ili effeded many a breach, which1 tisey repeatedly expetiled to form by morning ; but 'when wrnwg appeared, they wondered to behold new rampart awgbtly raifed, eiefted out of the ruins which the day had made,
1. France had, now pat her tickle into her fecond harvefl. fince Edward, with his vidorious .armny, fat down before tht town. Thfo eyt-.sof all Europe were intent on the iffiae. The Lglifh m~k e itir approaches and attacks without. rerif, bu~t the cliiis wer e as obftinate in repelling all their effort.
4. At lent farri ;P did more for ]Wward than arn A ter the cltiz 2nq had de-voured the lean carcaffes of tii. fai'ved cattle, th~y tore up old foundations, and rk "i
fcrho ernwp n they f--d on boiruteiathcr, an kctc





: 59

duri of exhauffed gardens: and a morfel of damaged corn was
r accounted matter of luxury.
P 5. In this extremity they refolved to attempt the enemy's
e amp. They boldly fallied forth; the Englifh joined battle,
and, after a long and delperate engagement, count Vienne was
taken prifoner ; and the citiens, who furvived the flaughter,
al f retired within their gates.
fs o6. On the captivity of their governor, the command devolved upon Etiface Saint Pierre, the mayor of the town, a
Sman of mean birth, but of exalted virtue. Eufftace foon found
Shol himself under the neeffity of capitulating, and offered.to defrom liver to Edward the city, with all the poffefions and wealth of are the inhabitants, provided he permitted them to depart with Ion life and liberty.
of a 7. As Edward ad long finee expeed to afcend the throne
of France, he ws exasperated to the laft degree againfl there N. people, whofe fole valor had defeated his warmeft hopes ; he
therefore determined to take an exemplary revenge, though
he wished to avoid theimputation of cruelty.
8. He anfwered by Sir Walter Mauny, that they all deferred capital punishment, as obiflinate traitors to him, their true and notable fovereign ; that, however, in his wonted clemency, he confented to pardon the bulk of the plebeians,
ts ovided they would deliver up to him fix of their principal
:otizens, with halters about their necks, as vi&ims of due
S atonememnt for that spirit of rebellion with which they had in.
d flamed the common people.
9. All the remains of this deflate city were convened in hW the great fquare, and like men arraigned at a tribunal from
he whence there was no appeal, expended with throbbing hearts
the fentence of their conqueror. When gir Walter had dead cared his meffage, confernation and pale dismay was imprefv fed on every face, each looked upon death as his own inevitath ble ot; for how f(hould they defire to be faved at the price prohe pofed ? Whom had they to deliver up, fave parents, brothe*s,.r
ion kindred, or valiant neighbors, who had fo often expof~d their
s lives in their defence ?
o. To a long and dead filence, deep fighs and groais fac
,e till Euflace Saint Pierre, afcending a little eminence,
thus, 1dreffed the affembly : My friends and fellow citiens, you fee the condition to which we te reduced : we mut either fubmit to the terms of our cruel and cnfuaring





6o

conqueror, or yield up our tender infants,our wives and cha daughters, to the bloody and brutal luffis of the violating fo" diery."
1 I. We well know what the tyrant intends by his fpeciou, offers of mercy. It does not fatiate his vengeance to make u merely miferable, he would alfo make us criminal: he woulk make us contemptible; he will grant us life on no condition fare that of our being unworthy of it. Look about you, m] friends, and fix your eyes on the perfons whom you wifh ti deliver up as the viafims of your own fafety."
Is. "1 Which of there wouldyou appoint to therack, the ax, or the halter ? Is there any here who has not watched for you, who has not fought for you, who has not bled foi you ? Who, through the length of this inveterate fiege, has not fuffered fatigues and miseries a thousand times worfe that death; that you and yours might furvive to days of peace anid profperity ? Is it your prefervers then, whom you would def tine to defirufion ?"
13. You will not, you cannot do it. Juflice, honor humanity, make fuch a treafon impoflible. Where then is out refource. Is there any expedient left, whereby we may avoid guilt and infamy on one hand or the defoladon and horrors a facked city on the other ?"
14. There is, my friends, there is one expedient keftj a gracious, an excellent, a god-like expedient Is there anj hero to whom. virtue is dearer than life! Let him offer himfel an oblation for the fafety of his people. He Ihall not fail o, a bleffed approbation from that power, who offered up his onl Son for the falvation of mankind."
x 5. Hie fpoke-.but an univerfal silence enfued. Each ma looked around for his example of that virtue and magnan:mit Sin others, which all wifled to approve in themfelves though they wanted the refolution. At length Saint Pierre refume4
16. It had been bafe in me, my fellow citizens, to pro mote any matter of damage to others, which I myflf b not been willing to undergo in my own perfon. But I he it ungenerous to deprive any man of that preference and ec marion, which might attend a firft offer on fo fignal an fion: for I doubt not but there are many here as ready, more zealous for this martyrdom than 1 can be, h modefly and the fear of imputed oftentation may wit them from being foremft in exhibiting their merits."







cha 96 Inclecd, tht to wliicli t1ic captivity of co-nfo
Vienne has iinhap--ly ro!"cd me, a righi-to be the firil
in qv jjo il"y 1, L foi fa cs. it fr-,,21y, I give
'clous C-hcCl 60 v : vdi,) comcs r,-,Nt ;- Yoir exclaimed a
Lke u ynu 11, r"Ot C",Mc to 1717,1 tLril).-Ah, ni-,; c'i.lld cried St.
1,jerre ; I a'm Lcn t-xl e io-[ ha c rather
bcgoLten thct a 11cond time.-Thy y -ars P.-C fc:W,. ")L:t f-Ull, 1, M nly fon ; the of vir:UC La-,; the L.1fl!CJ F1ffj')0fe
iih t I
and goal of racitawy.
the I R. 'Who next, iny f6cm-7s T;,Is is the 1-iour r"--YoL r kinfiman, cricd jchn cle i Ili.c I Your
tche cried James Wilfant Your kinfni:!ri, C1 IL i V Tl. lit
:d fo Ali !" exclaimed Sir W2'tor b-- rNri teals,
h2 11 b
than vhy was I not a cinzcn Of cp, L S
1 9. The fixth vi.h in was ii III ,vartir but 1W5 C:uickiv
an rupplied by lot, ft oin numbeis Who wer,- now em ulcus of fc)
I dtf- ennobling an ex-arnple. The key; of the citv were then dconor Evcfcd to Sir IvValtcr. He took TI.K priforiers into his
cullDdv. He oidjied the patcs r,) be oprcd, and g !ve s our to his att-nd'ints to, condu 'r t6e Pg Citizens,
Ivol wit farr.i"c7, thrj-, j,,Ji t )e camp of the Eugli, *).
l7s'a
2o. Ecfole tll(-; dcjm cd, llowcvcr, they df Iicl
to take tI e': lafi Of t!:Cli- 'eiiverets-IVhat M parting
le fi
e an vhat a fe.-re Lhuy c;-oudcd xvith tli6r \,ives and children
about St. P'CTre -nd his f -llow prifoners- 'F)t-y cniL-l-Rccd, MfCI they Ching around, dic, fell prolly
Y ate before 111cm. They
oroaned ; they Vcpt aloud ; and the ioint clamor of t!-, Ir onJ ; r urniiii, p2Ed the gates OF tl- t city, and was heard thi 4out thL Camp.
I M.111 2 ,. At lcii th, Sala, PIL:ri e an1 his f--]J )w Ticlims apr, arimit ed under the condu l OF Sir 'WJ(cr and his i-uard. Ail fhe
loug teots of the Lngliqi wurc nlandy nipti-i. Th fo diers
M
poured from all parts, and cirraD("-d -3 on c--Zlch fid,
i pro,. to beho-Id, to contemplate, to adrrije th;s b O."F z5 they paffcd.
he 2--. They VlUrlriurcd their applatife of th,)t virtue vhiclj
C they could not bul, rcvcre even In eDCnPC:i alld thev -ciard-,c!
thbe I o irl I t I CV 11 ""n
aS tnf Of As fo.)n Ps they had rcad cd flic roy;, I pr( MaunN." fa S tl'L king, al 2 fho:f the princip !T :, Y C,
-L"bitallts







Cf Caliis ~""They are," fays Maa:\' they are not on the principle men of Calais : they arc the principal menI 'Frat cc, my lord, if virtue has any fhare in the a6t of en bhng."
24. 11 Nere they delivered peaceabhly ?" fays Edward W as there no recfiffance, no commotion among the people.i Not in the leaft, my lord. They arte felf-delivered, feJ devoted, and come to offer tip their ineffimnable heads, as a ample equivalent for the ranfomn of thoufands."
25 fie king, who was highly incenfed at the length an ,i!Eicuil-y of the fiege, ordered them to be carried away t immnediate execution ; nor could all the remonfirances an( 3nte,,fies of his courtiers divert himn from his Cesuel pUrpoft ButLha neither a regard to his own initezeft anct honor what neither the didates of ;uftice, ncr the feelings of hu vanity could effeft, was happily acconipliffhed by the mor4 powerful influence of conjugal affeaion.
76. Thel, queen, Avho was then big with child, Leing in, formedck of the futiiculars refpecIing the fix viflims, flew intd her hindsprefence, threw berfelf on her knees hefor bim, and vvith tears in, her eyes, bel'oughtt him not to Iar iS ham r.~tC with an indelible mark of infamyi, by coniiting fu ch at hon-id zind barbarous deed.
2? EdJw -.d could rrefufe nothing to a wife whom he fc teondcry y o and efpecially in her condition ; and th4c qiseen, not fatisfid with having faved the lives of the fiN burgvhcirs, condui'ed them to her tent, where the applaud : flheir viuregaled them with a 1dentiful iepaft, and haviiij rlade themo a nr-eert of money' aud clothes, fent them, lbac to hi feloweitizCns.
ErKTRtACT FROM Da. BELKNAP's ADDRESS TO THE I
HABITANTSOF NEW.I-H4r5PSH IRE, AT THE CLOSE OF I
HISTORY Or THAT STATE.

JAViNA j~fenabove twenty years of my life w
II you, an pfd thro various feenes of pea VarI ithIn; I h-t tie;Uiaproalycqtrtd
yo-u, both1 inl Your pub Ic 1)d lrv L 2claraaer
inan earn fic to rjPpromot sor tru t nti~f,I u %,.i not tI kMe altoge-ther-~aie to ,gIve yoa
Ltint, vy 'a o die





63

2. You are Certainly at rifing flate; your numbers are rapidly )t 0r, ,ncreafing ; -and your importance in the political fcale will b'
nen 5ugmcnted, in proportion to your improving the natural aIdvN'1eont tag(es w;ihich your fltoationa2ffrds you, and to your cultivaing11
the intelual and mori Jpowers of youcfelves and your children, ward 3~ 'lcfif article on which I would open my ilipn to You
)PIC is that of Educatisn.1 Nature has been as bountiful to you as
fe to any other people, in giving your children genis and eapacias a ty it is thee your duty and your intereff to cultivate their Capacities, an~d render them ferviceable to thenifeives and the ,an comunity.
zay t 4 Itwas the flying of a great orator and fl-atefiiian of an.
san tiut, tha The lofs which the comm-onwealth fiffbius, by
rpof a atdeuation, is like the lofs which the year would fuilfion07for y h *eitos1 of the fpin.
fr It S If the bb blatled, the tree will yield no fruit. If mon h pinigcr be cut dowin, thf re will be no hat elI. So
if he out b runedthough Rafault in their education, the )g In community fuiffains a lo s which cannot be repaired; It for it
v int is too late to corre& them when they are spoiled.",
iefo 6. Notwithifanding the care of your legiflators, in ena&ing
11 laws, and enlforcing them by fevene penalties ; notwitshfrand-.
zit ingthe wife and liberal provision which is made by fomne towns,
and for i ~I vate gentlemen in the Rtate ; yet therec is fl'l in
lemany places, "4a great and criminall neglea ofedcto. I th 7. Yous are indeed a very conficrabl dgeebttni ti
C refpe&, thmn in the time ofthe late wa,,r ;but ye-t mc
Aid, mraius to be done. Great care oulght to b acn e ~~t
;1;1 provide a flipport for innsw!&ors of children andr.t" 5tt
be attentive in the choice, of infl rumors ; to fee that th,-y I;mnen of good uniderfiandigl,0 learning and morals ; tlhat J'he't
teach by their example as vxpl as- by thai~ preet;thtte
govern ti elvesand teac'h their puipils the art of efocrnsuient.
8.Aiotherf*ource of improvement, which I 1c l, v t
recommed, is theC eflablifhiment of focial irres hsi
VVthe ca jte che~ei and mofi cfel~hual miode ofdifs
kn* t ine: t eoe For the Lu, 4fx or eight


in i lfam! hi's chide 1%aV ii i h ~fu,
e~ bo> P- in together in! fetiio hrar;V






;.nd rider, the care uf' foirie suitable pcrfon, % Iffi
at ions, to PreVC31t. and wa(te, n).
;'Cr7'fcW 119 ifu
leg.
11 efl J f-vi-e to
lender the.mw :cIati4 I- and to u -_ c j
Inunity.
T Books n??Y be M-11- I)L ttcr prOlli'ved in this Nvly, t1h", W thcy bclong,2d to inA thc e is an adI ani, i
Anc facal intercoun-fe of Fell' laine fl-(,
oils Lo hav(, rtad the nie
by their convciling on the fubjeers x h,,i -, occurred in the' reading, and connnuilicating heir obfcrvatlons ohe to anothc.
I r. From t1his mutual intct-courfe, another advantaaC rna. ,iife : foi- the petforis who are thus allocated may not 0111Y 1 mcwl t -an lo
-qi;r,, but 1, -edge. By Iludying na ure d t
fel--iiccs ; by pra llifing am, agriculture and manafitclurcs, 9 the J' Hie time that they improve their minds in reading, the,
be led to dtfov ;ies and improvements, original and ben eficial : and being, already formed into fociet-;, they may di f4fe their kncv.?ledgt!, ripcia their plans, corrc t their wiflakes and promee tl e catif of fcicnce and humanity in a very con iiderabic degree.
i:.,. The book of nature is always open to our vicw, an xTe may Itudy it at our leisure. 11 Tis elder fc-ripture, wrie by God's own hand.", The earth, the air, the fea, theriv-, Crs, tile mountains, the rocks, the caverns, the animal anJ vegetable tribes are fraught with inflrud 'on. Nature is no, ;ialfexplorcd ; and in what is partly kno-vn there are man) myfftries, v,,hich time, Ibiervation and experience muft unfold
Z.. lZi--TY focW library, aniong cther books, fliordid b iurm l-.d wAL thofe of natural phiVopliy, botany, zoole"'Y! ci] Miftry, hufban ry, cogiaphy ind affronomy that In
v Ir1nm rn:rids may be djrc 'ted in their enquiries that the inzy fee what is known and what flill remains to be dificoveredd andthat thiey may employ tliciricifurd and their various oppor I Llnlt; S In C-adeavoring to add to the flock of fcience, and thu ,--iricli the warld with their chfervations and improvement
III(- to Ad a.few words, oil tl-.e lulle off, ,;rz,,flOlt iiy:ior, that ban( of fociety, that dcffroi ct of h,;iAth, moral Ln rr, perty. Na ure indeed has ftirnlfhcd hcr veget-AROL, I
vlfll bit fhe hasfu conibinc(l I witi oL
I L 6.";mCcs, tha! her -%,ork be torten cd hV il- thc f
-is 1, o t lc; canvot pro ,e perniciorts. Wily Nod4i
th s fcr -, 5,: F-it on URUIFeto makc her yield qrv




65

h 5 The juice of thc apple, thec fcIM-1en:ation WC n ard the decO~fion of spruce ar amnply fifetfrri.r~f
inert of man, let his labor ble ever i) fcvcre-, and his eftration ever fo expenfive. Our forefathers, for manly years Li,
ter the fettlemfent of the country, knew rot the Life of diifliled

p,16 Malt was impoi~rted fromt Ergland, and wine from the
I Weftern or Canary Iflands, with which they were refrelbed, yl l before their own fields and Orchards yielded them a fupply.
ma An expedition was once undertaken againiff a nation of Indians,
when there was but one pi of firong wator (as it was hr
called in the whole army, and that was refervcd for the fick;
te yet n %parit was made for want of rellfemnt.
be c l11. ol e but return to the priMinvc marners of our
Y dif nel ,i pthisrfpe&, we fio-ulbe free frroi rr~rry of ihe
ake3 diorer #kt of body and mind, which aye now expericc~d.
con Thle dil4ufe fardent fpirits would alfo tend to abolifh the infas ocured. es y hf lbr i bnfu atra

'an i S. Divine Providence fiemrs to he preparing the wry for
Wi the &lfir u&ion of that dereil a bleconm erce. The infurree;,Ions
V_ of the blacks in the Weft-Indies have already fpiread df~i6
andover the moft fertile plantations, anid greatly raiffd thlice
of thofe conymodites which wxe have'been ufed to imoTn!0, frTom )anthneI
19. If we could check the confuruption of dltill d 'biri.s,
and enter with vigor into the miarmufla~re of miaple fugito
which our foefis would afodnapefppy hdr. o.'
ie We-Ini prd~osmgtb iminited ; the planaiot
in the iflands would not riced flrefi recruits from Attica; thle
-d planters would trcativith hernanity their rernainirog blac'ks'; ti ema~rket for Plaves wouIld become'l leis inyviting I an rd te aC
-u~ in ic snwployed in the ofo! pe.rni*cious, fpI Iof commerce whichhever fifgraced huiniry, wo !' Idbet m
intoa fhuic Other channel..
a .1Wr I to fo-rt) a pi&,re of k1-pli fo cy, twV
be nLofi n o adue mixtuxe f ils vallius,
Tt Iaer _h land well feoce cd a.li culiva~the 41~ideaingo pair; a ccent infor the reft' trvles nd for public netineis h

F 2





proportion of handicrk
workmen, and two ar thrt trailers ; a ph and lawyer
cach of whom flit-16 a f rui fc.i- his ful.port.
2 1. A cleqggyman cf good under itand lag, of a candiddi
,,on and excif
-e plary morals ; nct a oltaphylical nor a I leniic, but a ferions and pra6fical. urtaclicr. A fehoo!-maC,
fliculd underfland his bufintfsancl tcach his pupils to go-, cril themselves. A social library,, annually increasing, an
good regulation.
.22. A clabof fenfible men, seeking mutual improvement. A decent rncfical 1 ciety. No, ismouitig politician, horfe. jocky, ganible, or-fot ; but ail hich chara&ers treated with,' cor"Ienipt. 3uCh a tuition may be considered as t1le r"Oft fiavoiab1c to social happiness of any which thi3 world can afford.
hI.
01VYUGAL AFFECI-ION.

BARON 17LILLEPt ON THE DEATH OF HIS WIFF, FROM 11 CuRios-rriisov LITERATURE."
HALL 1, fing thy death, Marianne ? What a theme
When my fighs interruptmy words, and one idea flie13 before the other The pleafn rC3 thott didf'i below on me, now augmer) rny forrow3. I op n the wcupfis ef a heart that yet bleed, and thy death is renovated to me.
7_. But my pavilion was too violent-thou did(i merit it toj 'I'Vell ; and thine image is too deeply engtaven on my fou), to permit nic to be fleot. The exprcffions of thy love revivify, in ljfvc degree, till' felicity they afford me -,I tender recolle6tion of our f, 'thfid union, as a remcm6rance thou wouldil 11

4"'gm L not lines didated by wit ; the artificial coni
f a poet. T11ev are perturbed fighs which efcane frov
t Hoc i 31cicra for its an, Uifh. Yes, larngoingtopaiii-" my troubicd ibul, alfe6l tedby love and grief, thuoiilyoccupi d b)- th 1114-ff dltf efflng images, waralersiriah.bytinthc;t' j 4 TT ; C i 0 11 .
4- 1 ke th :e yet,, fuch as thou wall at &ath. 1 a Pn! oach Cd 11 c' touched tl-. moll lively dcf- air. Th iiclidfl cAif ba'_k tl 'y lail fircrig!h zo expr- Fs one ivol-d" ""'Ivch I lrol;; Iw, 0 f3u!' With th(- 'p'!1(_Q
ti ij ', i), app, ar for 111f J;111 cxj;k''f
fir'n-; % C1 t1,-E,, of love atid nd th "'AM_""





67

vye ~ .Whither flillIfly y? Where thall [ find in this country,
anaflum, which onyofv om objec1s of terror ?'hf14 3 di houfe in -,hich I lofL the; hs ared donte in which repof,aF thy, ajllcs; thefe Chit n-- mny bloodi chills at the view,
affe of thofe tender Images of thy beauty, whofe artlefs voices call
gov- for thecirmother. Whitherfiall? lfly? Why cannot lflyto thee?
an1 6. Does rio-t my heart owe thece the fincereft tears ? !-,ere
thou hadft no other riendbutrme. It was I who fniatcheedthee 'ens; from the bofomn of thy family ; thou didif quit; them to follow
orfev me. I d&pi ved thee of a country where thou waft loved by
Lvith rtlat~ivcs who cherilhied thee, to Condu& thee, alas, to the torntkO
I 7a- In hif fid adieus with which thy filter embraced thee,
)td. whl t utry gradually fading from our eyes, thie loft our>
laft~w;then with a fo~itened kindnei, mingled with a~ te nrrrgation, thoui didil fay, I depart with tranquillity whtcan I regrt? My Harler accompanies me.
fly8. Can, I recole& without tears, the day that united me to
thee. yet evn now,< foftned pleafure mingles with my forrows, and rapture: with mny alEhIion. Howv; tenderly loved
licaitly heart that heart which could, forget every thing, birth,
lies beauty and wealth and which, notwithilanding the avowal
et. I made of my for tune, onlly valued me for my fenitimerits. fi
t. 9. Soo thobu didil rcfsgn thy youth, and quit the world to
be entirely mie 'I Sutperior to ordinary virtue, thou wat oly
0 0 beautiful for mc. Thy hear t was alone attached tomn
to carelef of thyV fate thou wa alone troubled itih my lighteft
iin'tpws, and enrapt. ed with a glanco tliat expreffecd content.
A. 10~t. A will, detcheCwd from the Vanity of the world, andl
I 1 religned to heaven ; content a~d a fwcet tranquillity, that rwci
tiler-joy nor grief could difhxrb ; wilfdoni i.- the e duca-tion of
Of hlY Cl)!hie e; a heart overfowing W1th ten dernef- ye .e f romn wcirnc fs; a heart made to fbothe my for rowv: i
t was tis that formed my plea.fiires, and that ibrrns my grs
d ii1. AnD thu, I loved Ote o than the world cot Id
beiv-ore thani 1 knew nivfhF How often in embraciog le ithineO, ha,, n-- heart thought, with tremrbling, A lof her flHow often have I iweptif t e my. 'tie, n wil l laff, evrvh ial hav,!
a ; h~ hartknowvs other itar than tlso~e vwhidz The-'ild flame ofmyy hfdlp1
.ton of t tnderefa, the a *r don fthyV~ Ie a te:ra debt frmy h ,_:. A






13. In the depth of the thicket woods, under the green
Riade of the beach, where none will witnefs my complaints, I will feek for thy amiable image, and nothing hall dilrad my ,ecolleicon. There I fall fee thy graceful mein, thy fad.
nefs when I parted from thee, thy tenderaefs when I cimbrac
ed thee, thy joy at my return.
i4. Ur the fublime abodes of the celeftial regions I will
follow thee; I will feek for thee beyond the flars that roll beneath thy feet. It is there that thy innocence will thine in the fplendor of heavenly light; it is there that with new
Arength thy foul Thall enlarge its ancient boundaries.
15. It is there that, accufloming thyfelf to the light of
divinity, thou findelf thy felicity in its councils; ans t thou mingleft thy voice with the angelic choir, and a pram in my favor. There thou learneft the utility of my affliction. God unfolds to thee the volume of fate ; thou readeft his defigns
in our feparation, and the clofe of my career.
z6. 0 foul of perfedion, which I loved with focb ardor,
but which I think I loved not enough, how amiable art thou 4,in the celefial 1plendor that environs thee! A lively hope
elevates me; refufe not thyfelf to my vows; open thy arms,
I fy to be united eternally with thee.

SToar or LoGAN, A MINGO CHIEF.
TN the firing of the year 1774, a robbery and murder J. were committed on an inhabant f the Fontiers of
Virginia by two Indians of the Shawanefe tribe. The neighboring whites, according to their cut om, under took to puninh this outrage in a firmmary way. Colonel Creap, a man infamous for the many murders he had committed on thofe much injured peop cole&cd a party, and Froceeded down
the Kanhaway in qudEi or vengeance.
2. Unfortunately, a canoe of women and children, with
one man only, was fecu coming fronm the opposite fhore, unarmed, and unfapeairg any hoflile attack from the whites.
Crefap and his party concealed thedf!-es on the bank of the river; and the moment the canoe reached the fhore-Engled
out their objeas, and :t one fire, killed every peri fon ini
3. This happened to bc the family uf Logan, who
long been diinihJ as the friend of the whites.
unworthy return provoked his vengeance. He ace





69

sy 4. in the autunin of tile farile year, :I decisive battle w s
t illy [ought at the nioiith of the Gicat Kanhaway, betwun the
C ollel-5tedforcesof thcSlja*2nefe, Mlogccs, andl)elaw; v-S"
wa and a detachawrit of the Virginia militia. The Indians wc re
defe ,!.-d an'(1 Led for peace.
will 5. Logan, hu- I cr, d1d'daincd Lo be kcn an-iong the fupb,,-- pl-ais ; bot, luft the sincerity of a treaty should be dirturlc(l,
e in from wLich fo di'lingaiffied a chief abfei.,, :d himMfl, lic icrlt
by a mefrengec th follow fna fj c'lch, to be delivered to Lord,

ap"e'!" to a'y 1VIIiie n',an to fd.y f ever'be ertcrcd ho 1'- gan's Cabin hurgryl and he gat e hiva n" meat ; if ever lie
My ied him not. Dur-r,, the
ca-me'INhijand nAtd, an(I he clo-,l
'Od To bloody Teni.ained idle in his c4bm,
gns aw f0vot I te for rea" C."
7L Such was my lovc for tlic V.I'itcQ, tLat my countryor, men roi-d as tney pa, 'Cd by, snd Lid, Lqan is the friend
IOU of wiitz men. I had cver, flooght to have lived *With you,
)Pe had lt no-, Tat:cri for the ol' one mao. Cc'()ncl Crefitp,
ns, the Wt fpi irig, in cold blood, ii id unproi (31 -J, murdered oll ilic
-P rid cbildrcr?.
rclaticns cf Lo,2 n, not c i" aring ray women a,
'11pre rins not drop of my blood in the YcMs of any living crtatuic. This cfled on r,,c for revenge. 1 1) a ve fought it : I have killed mai,.y ; I Lave fully gluttcd my ve -geance- For my county y, I rejoice at the bcams of Df
Nit do not ha;bunr a that mine is the joy of
Logan w-ver felt fear. Et %v'.;; izot turn on lils he(--I io fav 71 his lifi'- A\'lio is there to mmmi lor Lo,,-in ? Not wnc."

SPE!,CH OP A'SCYTHIAN To, ALErA1,;Dr%.

W HIF N the Scythia n ani6aflado s wahcd on Al ,
der tile )Teat' thL) gazud on Jain) a lcnlg ':;-ne U'l-thout fpcakIr.'- a word, bein, vc-iy
th C fic): filed a pdgvu nt of wc-, from, thci: ir Lnd itatu;c, to fi lifvhat L 3 did not anfwcr the high idea il]Ly crteitaince, ef
him &Pni his fan"_.At: Lift the ol"ell of the annbaff durs ArrSed b,"m tl'us.
ad the geds given tliee a body pi-ojp )Irionab e to th,,r LrijWon. the v, L:ri 11 el fe viould havc becri too fitde for, -11ce.
h "I d thQu woul'Ift touch the Eaft, rd v _h tf,,c tji L ; aad, I)G. fatisfied lvi th dhis' LnDw -,.here Tic hidc's




Adlipp T"70

Dut what have we, to do with thee We never fet fo
idthy country. May not thiofe ,who jabiabit woods be allow
eto live, Ivithout knowing who tou art, and whience tho comnell We will neither commdn Ojer, nor fubmitto ally Man 4. And that thou mayeft be fenfible what kind at peophk0 Scythians are, know, that we tecived, from Heaven, as rich prefent, a yoke of oxen, a ploughfhare, a dart, a javelin and a cup. Thele we make Llfe Of, both wr'th our friends an agaisttl our enemies.
5. To our fr-iends wve give corn, wh~lich we procure by labor of our oxen ; -with them we offer wine to the gods in our cup ; and with regard to our 'enemies, -we combat them at diftansce with our arrows, and near at hand with our, velins.
6. But thou, whohoafleft ithy comingto extirpat Crs'arf thyfeif the greateRt robber upon earth. Thou hai acJ-red all nations thou overcamelt ; thou hail poffeffed thyfelf oJ L-ybia, invaded Syria, Perfia, and Baffriana ; thou art form ing a deftign to march as far as India, and now thou corne1 hither to feize upoa our hids of cattle.
7. The great poffiliors thou hafl, only mnike thee o.i
th more eagerly whbat thou haft not. If thou art a god, thoda
agtlto do good to mortals, and not deprive them of their

8.If thou art a mere man, reflea always on xWhat thou art. They whomt thou (halt not molef will be thy true friends the (frongefi frieudifiips being coentrzaed between equals ; an'. they are efleeed eqaals,%who have not tried their flr-ength a-~ g~ainff each other. But do not fuppofe that thofe whom thou "pnqueredi can love thee."
INGULAP ADVENTURE oF G'FNEPAL PUTNAM.
W HLN Genecral Putnam frf1 moved to Pomfret, in'
~ VConnc~icut, in the year 5739, the coluntry was newN an~d mutch in)fefed with Wolves. Great havoc was made among the fheep by a fihe-wolf which with her aeroal -whelps bad for fevera)years continued in that vicinity. The young onsWere CO~MM~y deflroyed by the vigilance of tlih unttls. but the oldl one was too fagacious to e enfnhared by them.
.z This wolf, at length, became fitch an. intolerable i fance, that LDr.' Putnam entered into a combhinati'On w"ith of his nihosto bur alternately until they cou,1 ld f Jd her. Twio, by rtao were to be cosflauotly in purfut






t fo 71
J10
tho was known, th:lt having lpfl the toes frcrn one foot, by a
man fteel trap7 Jhc ni !de one tracjr fligirtcr than (-At!fIf,, th rs I ow,
3. By this vcili- ,-, the limfue i recognized, in a light fn
the route Of flus jLcrniclous ammal. I Iax ing fG11owed her to VC1111 Conrjicu, river, and fni4od fhc had tu!.-cd back in a dire&
Is air, cuifetowards Pornfret, they iirirncdiatc y returned, and by
'clock the next morning the bloodhounds'had driven her ten o
V into a den, abotit thlet: mlics diftaut frorn the hotife of Mr.
n Oil 1 atnarrr.
i at 4. The people foon colle6led wi h dog puns, llraw, fire
Ins. and fulphur,,to att-tdk the coninion cnemy. With this ippara-s, at tus, -i ful efforts Nvere tn idc to force her from
Icl tile e hounds came back badly wounded, and reffifed
if o to lie fnio! e, of bla-zim, i'r2w had no effielff. Nor
. crM Iv f.rnnefs of burnt briniflone, b NvIth %%hich the cavern was
m C filled, compel her to quit the retirement.
WcaritId with fuch frult1cf-, attempts (%-!hich had brought the tinle to tell O'ClOCL at night) Mr. PLA11.1111 tried once more thou to in I kc his !o(, ent r, but i:-, -,ain ; be-propofed to his negro
heir: ni to go dewi, into the ca ci ii anj 111out thc lvoE The ne,
gi o d-,clined Oic liazqrdcu I-C! k
art. 6. Then it was that flicir nia-ict, angry at the dif-appoint.
ds ; 1, nicnt, ind declaring that lie was ailiarried of Im% lug a co k ard
U1 in his family, tefolvcd hirrifelf to deffioy the ferocious beaff.
a- Jeff flic Mould efcnp, through fome uriknown fiffbie ofthe rock.
hou t;ghbors stronglyy remouftrated *gainfl the perilous
enterprifc ; br.- ,e, knowing that wild animals were intirnidatcd y filre, and avirig proi id -d 111rcraj Ill ips of birch bark, dic onlv comt,"!libic material w1i'di he could obtain, which woj!d arlordli ;!-tin this deep and claikfume cave, pt-tpai-cdfor
his 4C,
Lde Ea669, ccol -dingly, d'vf,:1Ied himself of his coat and
Xvaiflcoat, and having a Iong rope f"aliered round his leas, by PSI.
lnigl!t b- pu!jud back"at a cokccit,- d fiprial, he erIng t(--red, -head fo-lr off, Nv th a blazing torch in his h &0
L s piffl, t Ij 11-- clilletoa 4911ta Fartof 01, JcIi, tl; niot, t -Fvik, d,0kn-'FS appc rv4-iorion-, Q c ;[t xvskjile'n
as t aojLOf d- L. N6- t
ne but ii-t)MILrs of th U(f &Ftyr, fol;iar mantiOn o hni I or.
cau"iou, procVCding orxvai d, c ilne to an afcent wliich
OD lliI5 arld knecs until he dif-'





72

rovcedLthe glaring eye-balls~ of thewolf, who was fittirtl the extremity of the cavern. 4ttld at the fight of fire, i gnafhied her teeth and gave a ulngo]
i i. As foon as he had maide tenecefiary difcovery,. kicked the rope as a fignal for puln him out. The peop at the mouth of the aen, who had e.ffeed With painfful anxi ty, hearing the growling of the wof, and flipofn th friend to be in the moll eminent danger, drew him forth wit fuch celerity that he was firipped of his clothes, and feverel bruifed. I.
1 2. A fter hie had adju~ed his clothes, and loaded hit cv v Ith ine buck fliot, holding a to:rch in one hand and the mnuflk in the o ;er, he deicended a fecond trme. W ebe drt neater than before, the wolf afFuming a ftll more iercr a, terrible appearance, howling, rolling licr eyes, fnappzing h( _t!, and dropping her head b-t ween her legs, was evident!' in thT attitude and on the point of fpringing at him.
13. At this critical inffant,he,- levelled and fired at her hea( Stunned with the thock,, and ffo~cated with the fmoke, Ir 'nedi tely, found hinifelf drawn out of the cave. But hW TigreftefhiedlL him.f and permitted the fm-oke to di -_pate,
Wet own the third time.
1.Once more he came within figbt of the wolf, who a p -aiingv vey pafive, hie applied the torch to her nofe a pcrceiving h!!r dead, he took hold of her eare, and then kic ing trt rope (ffl! tied round' his legs) the people above, wi no0 finial! exultation, dragged them both out together.

T~ !A,-D PISONER RELEASE)) FROM tHn BASTIU, I .XTO where 'elfe on earth, perhas, has human mife
-.1-N by human mecans, been rendered fo laffing, fo c.
pltrio fo remnedilefs as in that defpotic prifont, the Ra This th- following cafe may f ifice to evince ; the partie of wic 4re tranflatked fromt that elegant and energetic Mr. Merrder.
2. The heinous ofcewhich mertited an imiprifonment palng tutne aaMd rendered death a blefing, was non

the lae aliwt ch, Lou'is irtu.
T. rpn theC siof ILo-uis fix-tccnth to thei th
minfies ten ~ -ovd bv hi naiy begl
MiloItkrioa wif n ~ of clemerncy aod Jfie





73

tin fpeaed the regiflers of the Daflile, and fet many prifoners at
re, liberty.

4. Among thofe, there as old man who had groaned
ry, in confinement for forty-feve ears, between four thick and
op cold one walls. Har by adverfity, which itrengthens
an both the mind and co littion, when they are not overpowerd
th by it,hehad refifted the horrors of his long imprifonment with
an invincible and manly pirit.
vere 5. His locks, white, thin, and fcattered, had almoft ac-.
quired the rigidity of iron ; whilfl his body, environed for fo g long a time by a coffin of flone, had borrowed from it a firm and compa habit. The narrow door of his tomb, turning dr upon itgrating hinges, opened not as ulual by halves, and an
cc a aoi oice announced his liberty, and bade him depart.
Ig b l ing this to be a dream,he befitated ; but at length
lentd oe uip and kked forth with trembling fleps, t mazed at the

face he traverfed. The flairs of the prifon, the halls, the
-hea court feemed to him vaft, immenfe, and almofi without bounds.
e, 7. He flopped from time to time, and gazed around like a ut h bewilderedtraveller. His vifion was with difficulty reconciled
te, to the clear light of day. He contemplated the heavens as a new
obje&. His eyes remained fixed, and he could not even weep. ho a 8. Stupified with the newly acquired power of changing his
a position, his limbbs, like his tongue, refufed, in fpite of his
kic efforts, to perform their office. At length he got through the
wi formidable gate.
9. When he felt the motion of the carriage which was pre.
pared to tranfport him to his former habitation, he screamed
r out, and uttered fome inarticulate fonnds; and as he could
f not bear this new movement, he was obliged to defend.
S Supported by a benevolent arm, he fought out the reet where lhe had formerly rfided ; he found it, but no trace of his
ic boute remained ; one of the public edifices occupied the (pot
where ithad flood.
10. Hk now faw nothing which brought to his.rro idt on, either that particular quarter, the city itfE, or i
jeds with which he was formerly acquainte The~bofs of
hs neareft neighbors, which were frefi i i.roory, had
fumed a new appearance.
In vain were his looks dirced toaltle eas around
him h ud difcover nothing of whi h ial

G4





74

remembrance. Terrified, he flopped and fetched a deep figh To him what did it import, that the city was peopled with living creatures ? None* of thp wer.alive to him; he ws nnknown to all the world, and e knew nobody; and whii he wept, he regretted his dungeon. I 12. At the name of the Baf ile, which he often pronoun ced an4 even claimed as an afylum,'and the fight of his clothe which marked his former age, the croud gathered around him, curiosity, blended with pity, excited their attention. Thl noff aged afked him many questions, but had no remembtane of the circumflances which he recapitulated.
13. At length accident brought to his way an ancient do. theffic, now a fuperannuated porter, who, confined to hi lodge for fifteen years, had barely fufficient firength to open the gate. Even he did not know the mafter he had ferved but informed him that grief and misfortune had brought hil wife to the grave thirty years before; that his children were gone abroad to diflant climes, and that of all his relations and ~riends, none now remained.
i.+. This recital was made with the indifference which peo. ple discover for events long paffed and almoll forgotten. T miserable man groaned, and groaned alone. The crou around, offering only unknown features to his view, ma him feel the exceffes of his calamities even more than would have done in the dreadful folitude which he had left.
I5. Overcome with forrow, he prefented himself befo the minifler, to whofe humanity he owed that liberty which was now a burden to him. Bowing down, he faid, Ra flore me again to that prifon from which you have taken 4 I cannot survive the lofs of my neaoreft relations S of m friends; and in one word, of a whole generation.Is pollible in the fame moment to be informed of this univer deflru~tion and not to wilh for death ?.
16. "This general mortality, which to others comes flow and by degrees, has to the been in1fantaneous, the operati of a moment. Whilfl fecluded from fociety, I lived wl myfelf only ; but here I can neither live with myfelf, with this new race, to whom my anguish and defpair a only as a drean"
17. The m inier was melted; he caufed the old to attend this unt~fortunate perfo, as only he could tk of his family.





75

ig,8. This difcourfe was Lhe finagle confolation which he re ceived; for he shunned rcourfe with the new race, born
Since he had been le world; and he paffed his
time in the mid of Par fame folitude as he had done
whil(l confined in a dunge for almof half a century.
un 119. But the chagrin and mortification of meeting no pelfon
,th cwho could fay to him, '",We were formerly known to each
other," ~oo put an end to his life. Th
anc DESCRIPTION OF THE FALLS OF NIAGARA.
A M~9ONG the many natural curiofities which this cound try affords, the catarat of Niagara is infinitely the
hi eateft order to have a tolerable idea of this fltupendous
ope ( tr, it will neceffary to conceive that part of the
ved c try in which Lake Erie is fituated, to be elevated above
t hi that which contains LakeOntario, about three hundred feet.
wer 2. The flope which separates the upper and lower country
s an is generally very fleep, and in many places almoll perpendicular. It is formed by horizontal ftrata of hone, great part of
t pe which is what we commonly call lime-flone. The flope may
Th be traced from the north fide of Lake.Ontario, near the bay
:rou of Teronto, round the wei end of the lake; thence its direema tion is generally ca4, between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie;
it croffes the rait of Niagara; 4nd the Chenefec.o river ; after
ft. which it becomes fin the country towards the Seneca Lake.
i)fo 3. It is to this flope that our country is indebted, both for
vbi the cat2raa of Niagara, and the great falls of the Chenefeco.
R he catara& of Niagara was formerly down at the northern
fide of the flope, near to that place which is now known bfy th e name of the Landing; but from the great length of time
S added to the great quantity of water, and diflance which it
f falls, the folid flone is worn away, for about feven miles, up
towards Lake Erie, and a chafm is formed which no perfon
Scan approach without horror.
rat 4. Down this chafm, the water ruffhes with a moh afianifhing velocity, after it makes the great pitch. In going up the road near this charm, the fancy is conflantily gaged in the
contemplation of the moll romantic and awl ofce s imagiiable, until, at length, the eye catch the alls, the imaginaton is inflantly arrefied, and you adnIirT in silence The river is about one hundred and thirty-five poles wide, at the
falls, and tbe perpendicular pitch one hundred and fifty feet.





76

5. The fall of this vala body at water produces a foun which is frequently heard at the diflance of twenty miles, a a fenfible tremulous motion in he arth for fome poles rous A heavy fog, or cloud, is conkely amending from the fall in whch rainbows may always be feen when the fun fhines,
6. This fog, or fpray, in the witer feafon, fills upon th neighboring trees where it congeals, and produces a moft beak tiful chryftalline appearance. This remark is equally applic ble to the falls of the Chenefeco.
7. The difficulty which would attend levelling the rapids i the chafinm, prevented my attempting it; but I conjeaure th water mufi defcend at leart fixty-five feet. The perpendici lar pitch at the cataraa is at leart one hundred and fifty feet, to thefe add fifty-eight feet, which the water falls in the lafi hal mile, immediately above the falls, and we have two hundred and feventy-three feet, which the water falls in a diftance about feven miles and a half.
8. If either ducks, or geefe, inadvertently alight in th rapids, above the great catara&, they are incapable of gettij en the wing again, and are inflantly hurried on to defiruio 'hre is one appearance at this cataradt, worthy of fome a tension, and which I do not remember to have feen noted ay writer.
9. Juff below the great pitch the water and foam may feen puffed up in fpherical figures nearly as large as comm cocks of hay; they burfi at the top, and projed a column pray to a prodigious height; they then fubfide and are fuccee ed by others, which burfit in like manner. This appear is molftconfpicuous about half way between the ifland that vi'rds the falis, and the weft fide of the firait, where the I geft column of water defcends.

NARRATIVE OF THE CAPTIVITY OF MRS. JEMIMA H O
TAKEN BY THE INDIANS AT HINSDALE, NEw H
SHIRE, JULY Z7, I795. in Gaffield, who had been hoeing corn in
meadow, welf of the river, were returning home a li fre funfet to a place called Bridgman's Fort, they upon by twelve Indians, who had ambufhed their path
2. Howe was on horfeback, with two young lads s g e behind him. A ball, which broke his thih,.







ou him to the groind. Uis hof ran a few rods and fell likean wife, and both tile Lads N coetae. The Indians in their
)UR fvage MAnnerl, c~mu ti-owve pierced his body with
a fear, tore off -his fclp flc. hatchet in his head, and
lt hI in this fhrlorn codtin
net 3. 1-,e was found alivCthe piorning after, by a party of men
bea ~from Fort Hinfdake ; an bting af&ted by one of the party Plic whether he knew him, he anf-wered, Yes, I know you all.
Thefe were his laff Words, though he did not expire Until afis i er his friends had arrived with hirn at Fort Hinfdale. Grout
:-e t was fo fortunate as to efeape unhurt.
feet + Bt (.affleld in attempting to wade through the river, at
feet a crtai plce which was indeed fordable at that time, was
u~r~ftuatey drwut. Iluffedi with the fuccefs they had
-et wtheeth avages went direaly to Bridgmnan's Fort.
ce 0 vsn an in it, and only three women and fumre children, Mrs. Jema Howe, Mrs. Submit Grout and IMrs.

ettin 5- Their hubns I need not mention again, and their fer.
Lqionings atthis j-&-~ur I will niot attempt to defcribe. They le a had heaid the enemies' gurns, b'ittk~neiot what haippened to~
ed their friends.
6. Extremely anxious for their fffety, they ftood longing ay to embrace them, mntil at length, concluding fromnth noife
n they hie ard without, that fomne of them were come, thry uninn barred the gate in a hurry to receive them ; when. to1A6eir
:ce nezxreffible difappointmenat and furprife, inflead of tzl.f
mn bands, in ruthed a number of hideous Indians, to t -hey at and their tender offspring became an eafy prey ; and Ertn
te I whom they had nAhitng to expoft, bult either an immediate A
death; or a, long and dolefu captivity7. The latter of tebythe favor of Providence, turn:0 d ot to he thIe lot of theft unhappy women, and their flil
1A$ ore unhappy, bccauii more beiplefs children. Mrs. 4Caf "
fildhad btone, Mrs, Gro~ut had three, and Mrs. Howe
3efeven. Thse dldeft of Mrs, 1Iowt's was eleven. years old,
and the youngeff but fix months.
S.The two eldeft were daughters, which 410 ha~d by her frRhfand, Mr. William ?hillPs, Wh U Alf fain by the
Irdks of which I doubt no bat you have ke nacon
ottes i Ir, t was froa the c~f t o f t1







Woman that I lately- received the foregoing account. She
ave me, I doubt rot, a true thoh, to be fure, a very bri and imnperfet hlory of her apiv4y, which I here infert your peru il.
9. The Indians (the fays) having Ilunder*d and put fire the fort, we marched, as near as I cduld judge, a mile and half into the woods, where we encamped that night.
1o. When the morning came, and we had advanced much farther fix Indians were fent back to the place of o( late abode, who colle&ed a little more plunder, and defiroyc fome other effeas that had been left behind ; but they did nreturn until the day was fo far fpent, that it was judged bell continue where we were through the night.
I. Early the next morning, we fet off for Canada, an continued our march eight days fucceffively, until we ha reached the place where the Indians had left their canoes about fifteen miles from Crown Point. This was a long ani dious march; but the captives, by divine fflance,, wel enabled to endure it with lefs trouble and difficulty than the had reafon to expea.
t 12. From fuch favage maftlers, in fuch indigent circus ances, we could not rationally hope for kinder treatmes tan we received. Some of us, it is true, had a harder i0 than others ; and, among the children, I thought my fo Squire had the hardefi of any. 13. lie was then only four years old, and when we flo ped to reft our weary limbs, and he fat down on his mafler pack, the favage monfler would often knock him off ; a sometimes too with the handle of his hatchet. Several u anarks, indented in his head by the cruel indians, at that te der age, are fill plainly to be feen.
14.. At length we arrived at Crown Point and took up o quarters there, for the pace of near a week. In the time, fome of the Indians went to Montreal, and took ral of he weary captives along with them, with a vio) ling them ito the French. They did not fucceed.how" finding a market fir any of them.
-5. They gavey youngest daughter to the govern Vaudreuil, d drunken frolic and 'urned again to Point, with them* of their prifOE From hence ?&ff for St. Johio four or five oes, juff as comig on, and were foon frron with dar





79 /
1 a 6. A heavy form bung over us. The found of the rolbling thunder was very ible upon the waters, which at e ry
flafh of expansive lightning seemed to be all in a blaze. Yet to this w were indebted for all the light we enjoyed., N o ob. ire jea could we difcern any longer than the flafhes lasted.
nd 17. In this poture tefailed in our open, to ring canoes,
almoft the whole of that direary night. Tl orning indeed
Shad not yet began to dawn, when we al went afhore; and
Shaving colleded a heap of fand and gravel for a pillow, I
laid myfelf down, with my tende infant by my fide, not
d knowing where any of my othu children were, or what a
miferable condition they might be in.
8., The next day, however, under the wing of that everS attntad all-powerful Providence, which had preferred us
ha Aogh the darknefs and eminent dangers of the preceding
moe night, we all arrived in fafety at St. John's.
an ag. Our next movement was to St. Francois, the metropwe olis, if I may fo call it, to which the Indians, who led us capthe tive, belonged. Soon after our arrival at that wretched cap.
ital, a council confifling of the chief Sachem, and fome prin.
rcu cipal warriors of the St. Francois tribe, was convened; and me after the ceremonies uf4al on fuch occaflons were over, I was
er h conduded and delivered to an old fquaw, whom the Indians
, fo told me I muft call my mother.
2o. My infant fill continued to be the property of its orifginal Indian owners. I was neverthelefs permitted to keep it Liter with me a while longer, for the fake of faving them the trou.
; a ble of looking after it. When the weather began to grow cold,
I u ithuddering at the proye& of approaching winter, I acquaint.
t ed my new mother, that I did not think it would be poffible for
me to endure it, if Imal((jpend it with her, and fare as the g0 Indans did.
m 21.' Liflening to my repeated and earneft folicitations, that
f I might be difpofed of among fome of the French indabitants
f of Canada, the at length fet off with me and my inflint, at, tended by tome male Indians, upon ajourneywo Mentreal, in
hopes of finding a market for me there. atattempt pro. Wr ved unfaccefsful, and the journey tedio s
a. Our provision was fo fcanty as well d and un.
favor; the weather was fo cold, and the eng 0 ver, bad, that it often feemed as if I muff have pedied on the way.
23. While we were at Montreal, we went into the bouf4







~rtain Firench gentleman, whofe lady being fiit for,;an ,ing into the room where I was, to examine me, feeirng
h an infant, exclaimed with a-ath" I will not buy woman who has a child to look at."
S 24. Ibere was a fwill-pail ending near me, in which obferved fo 1 craufts and crumbs of~ Wead fwvimming on ti furface of the grlfy liquor it contained. Sorely pinched wi hunger, I fkimrnmed them off with my hands, and ate them and this was all the refrefament which the houfe afforded m
25. Somewhere in t courfe of this vifit to Montreal, mi Indian mother was fo unfortunate as to catch the finall-po of which diflemper fhe died, foon after our return, which wa by water, to St. Francois. And now came on the feafo hen the Indians began to prepare for a winter's hunt. .
26. I was ordered to return my poor child to thofe of the who lill claimedit as their property. This was a severe tria1 The babe clung to my bofom with all its might; but I wa obliged to pluck it thence, and deliver it, shrieking and fcream ing, enough to penetrate a heart of flone, into the hands thofe unfeeling wretches, whole tender mercies may be term

2, It was foon carried off by a hunting party of thofe In dians, to a place called Mefifkow, at the lower end of L.ak, Chnplain, whither, in about a month after, is was my for tutieat follow them. And here I found it, it is true, but i a condition that afforded me no great fatisfadion; it being greatly emaciated, and almoflt flarved.
28. I took it in my arms, put its face to mine, and it in ihantly bit me with fuch violence, that it feemed as if I me have parted with a piece of my cheek. I was permitted t Idge with itthat, and the two following nights ; but eve morning that intervened, the Indians, I fuppofe on purpose orient me, fent me away to another wigwam, which ito at a little diflance, though not fo far from the one in which my difflled infant was confined, but that I could pint hear its idceffant cries, and heart-rending lamentations.
29. In this deplorable condition, I was obliged to take leave of it, on themorning of the third day after my arrit the place. We moved down the lake feveral miles the 4ay ; and the ig following was remarkable on ac the arat anrdidMe which terribly fhook that how







o30. Among the iflands hereabouts, we fpent the winter
feafon, often shifting our arters, and roving about from ene place to another; our faily confining of three perfons only, h befide myfelf, viz. my late other's daughter, whom thereth fore 1 called my filler, her fanhop, and a pappofe.
W 3. They once left me alone two difmal nights; and when m they returned to me again, perceiving them fmnile at each othm er, I alked what is the matter ? They replied, that two of
S my children were no more. One of which, they faid, died
a natural death, and the other was knocked on the head.
wa 32z. I did not utter many words, but my heart was forely
afo pained within me, and my mind exceedingly troubled with
1r and awful ideas. I often imagined, for inflance, that
he I iyaw'the naked carcafes of my deceafed children hangna i the limbs of the trees, as the Indians are wont to
Wa hang the ratw hides of thofe beafls which they take in hunting.
a 33. It was not long, however, before it was fo ordered by
[S kind Providence, that I should be relieved in a good meafure
s from thole horrid imaginations; for as I was walking one day
upon the ice, obferving a fmoke at fome diftance upon the land, it mull proceed, thought I, from the fire of fome Indian hut;
.ak and who knows but fume one of my poor children may be there. f 34. My curiofity, thus excited, led me to the place, and
t there I found my fon Caleb, a little boy between two and
three years old, whom I had lately buried, in fentiment at S lead ; or rather imagined to have been dpprived of ife, and
perhaps alfo denied a decent grave.
t35. I found him likewise in tolerable health and circum.
S flances, under the protedlion of a fond Indian mother; and d moreover had the happiness of lodging with him in my arms
S one joyful night. Agin we shifted our quarters, and when
we had travelled eight or ten miles upon the fnow and ice, came to a place where the Indians manufa&tued fugar which
they extraed from the iaple trees.
36. Here an Indian came to vifit us, whom I knew, and
S who could fpeak Englifh. He alked me why I did not go to
fee my fon Squire. I replied that I had lately been informed at he was dead. He alffIred me that he wa yet alive, and
butwo or three miles off, on the oppofitide of the Lake.
Ay.- At my r~queff, he gave me the beft eions he could
to the place of his abode. I refolved to embrace the fi op portunity that offered of endeavoring to tarch it out. Whik






was buly la contemplating this aifair, the Indians ob little bread, of which they gave re a fmnali fare.
38. I did not tafie a rnorf of mnyvElf, but faved it all My poor child, if 1 holdd be fo lucky as to find him. length, having obtained of my keeper leave to be abfent one day, I fet off early in the moring, and leering, as w as I could, according to the direction which the friendly dian had given me, I quickly found the place which he b fo accurately marked out.
39. I beheld, as I drew nigh, my little fon without t camp; but he looked, thought I, like a flarved and ma puppy, that had been wallowing in the allies. I took hin my arms, and he fpoke to me there words, in the Indi tongue; Mother are you come ?
40. 1I took him into the wigwam with me, and obfervi a number of Indian children in it, I diflributed all the breed which I had referved for my own child, among them a otherwife I should have given great offence.
41. My little boy appeared to be very fond of his ne another, kept as near me aspollible while I flayed; and whs
told him I all go, he felt as though he had been knock down with a club.
42. But having recommended him to the care of him wl made him, when the day was far fpent, and the time won permit me flay no longer, I departed, you may well fuppo with a heavy load at my heart. The tidings I had receive of the death of my youngeft child had a little before bej confirmed to me beyond a doubt; but I could not mourn heartily for the deccafed, asfor the living child.
43. When the winter broke up we removed to St. John' and through the enfaing fammer, our principal refidence w at no-great diftance from the fort at that place. In t. mean time, however, my filler's huf band having been out wi a fcouting party to fome of the Englilfh fettlements had drunken frolic at the fort when he returned.
S44. His wife, who never got drunk, but had often ex rienced the ill effects of her hu~fband's intemperance, fear what the confequence might prove, if he should come in a morofe and tubuent humor, to avoid his infokence, pofed that we huld both retire, and keep out of the of it, until the form abated.
We abfconded accordingly but fG it happned,,41




fi7g


I returned, and ventured into his prefence, before his wife had all prefumed to come nigh bi. I found him in his wigwas
and in a furly mood a a b le to revenge upon his
3t wife, becaufe the was not athoe, he laid hold of me, and
s hurried me to the fort ; and, for a trilh~g confideration, fold
ly me to a French gentleman, hoe nanw was Saccapee.
eh 46. 'It is an ill wind certainly that blows nobody any good.
I had been with the ndians a year lacking fourteen days ;and, if not for my iffer, yet for nie, it was a lucky circumflance indeed, which thus at laft in an unexpected moment, fnatched me out of theicruel hands, and placed me beyond the reach
d of their infoletpower.
After my Indian marker had difpofed of me in the manrvi e d above, and the moment of fober reflection had arbre iv, erceiving that the man who bought me had taken the
n a avantage of him in an unguarded hour, his refentment began
to kindle, and his indignation role fo high, that he threatened an to kill me if he should meet me alone ; or if he could not rewh. venge himself thus, that he would fet fire to the fort.
ock 48. I was therefore fecreted in an upper chamber, and the
fort carefully guarded, until his wrath, had time to cool. My service n the family, to which I was advanced, was perfe& freedom, in comparifon with what it had been among the bar barous Indianc.
cCv 49. My new mafler and nmi refs were both as kind andgen.
be crous towards me as I could reafonably expel. I feldom
urn alked a favor of either of them, but it was readily granted.
In confequence of which I had it in my power, in many in.
hn flances, to admninifler aid and refreshment to the poor prifoners of my own nation, who were brought into St. John's durn t ing my abode in the family of the above mentioned benevo.
t w lent and hofpitable Saccapee.
had o. Yet even in this family, fuch trials awaited me as I had
little reafon to exped ; but flood in need of a large fl 6ck of
ex prudence, to enable me to encounter them. Th this Iwas
greatly affifred by the gove-nor, and Col. Schuwlr, who was
then a prifoner. wo a
5I. I was moreover under unfpakable obgao to thi
governor on another account. I had ed ilAhtelligencq firom y daughter Mary, the purport of w bow a t tl t was a profpea of her being fhortlv married tow, yothg td6 of the tribe of St. Francois with which tribe flthe had contiha-







"d from the beginning of her captivity. Thefe were
tidings, and added greatly to the poignancy of my other
flialons.
52. However, not long after had heard this melanc
news, an opportunity prefinted of acquainting that hu
and generous gentlemrh, the commander in chief, and m lufirious benefaior, with this affair alfo, who in compaflion my fuafferings, and to mitigate my forrows, iffued his orders good time, and had my daughter taken away from the India and conveyed to the fame nunnery where her ifter was th lodged, with his exprefi injundion, that they should both them together be well looked after, and carefully educated,
his adopted children.
53. In this school of fuperftition and bigotry, they con d while the war in thofe days between France and Gr Britain lafled. At the conclusion of which war, the govern went home to France, took my oldeft daughter along wi him, and married her there to a French gentleman, wh
name is Cron Lewis.
54. He was at Boflon with the fleet under Count de Eflai
1 77 ) and one of his clerks. My other daughter f cill c tinuing in the nunnery, a confiderable time had elap d aft my return from captivity, *hea I made a journey to Canad refolving to ufe my befi endeavors not to return without her,
55. I arrived jufl in time to prevent her being fent toFrant
She was to have gone in the next veffel that failed for t place. And I found it extremely difficult to prevail with b
to quit the nunnery and go home with me.
56. Yea, fhe abfolutely refused ; and all the perfuato
and arguments I could ufe with her were to no effea, un after I had been to tl~i governor, and obtained a letter fr him to the fuperinten&t of the nuns, in which he threatens if my daughter should not be delivered immediately into S hands, or could not be prevailed with to fubmit to my pat
tal authority, that he would fend a band of foldiers to a
me in bringing her away.
57. But fo extremely bigoted was the to the cufloms
religion of the place, thatafter all, fhe left it with the gr reluaance, and the moff bitter lamentations, which he
tinued as we paRd the fireets, and wholly refufed to be
forted. My good friend, Major Small, whom we me
the way, tried all he could to conrfle her; and was o






S5

and obliging as to bear its company, anti carry ray daL, jhter behind him on horfetmck.
58' But Jhave run on a litde before my fiory ; for I have
not yet informed you of the mcans and manner Inv own rerly demption ; to the accomplilbjn of -which, the recovery of
on my 11aughter juit mentioned, and the ranfoming of forne of
tfitr children) k -cotleiaten of note coritribucd not
n V 0 several
lht a to whofe goodnefs, therefore, I am gently inde 4wd,
th and fimccrely hope I fhall neverbe, foyngrateful as to forgd1t.
)tll 59. Col. Schuyler, in particular, was fo very kind and
5d, -nerc-us as advance 2700 lives o procure a ranforn FGr
myfJf and three of my children. He accompanied ind
ont CQF)Jutqed us fr6ni Montreal to Albany, and cmeralred us a
3,re 016 clft fir P2ndj5- and hospitable marncr a confiderabh,- tin- 2
rern a, Lis own lkc uf_ and I believe, entirely it his olkvn cxpen fe.
,wi
W THE W141ST1,E.
W was a child, ott fevenyra -old, fivq Z)r.
rs
lal Franillin, mv fricads or, a holiday (illcd my ht-Ac
po'l-s W-th coppers. I went direly to a flion WtIcTe
fold tays fot children ; and 6cirg with'th,_ f_-1,_,r'_j U L
a V*7!1ii1jt, which I Inet by t;, f in
Ina ne h-(;s o' anotlitIr
her. bo3, I vD!untailly off reiti, and ,;tv-e ail my money for one.
2. 1 thCD'CRPIC h0T1),_" anti wcjlt, w1iffling
ran all ovor tiie
houre, n,Uch pLiEd viiLh nl l VVIliffle ; 1311t diflLn bing a!! the
th fitmily. My brothers and filters, and coarus, undejf a :dlng
tt"' I 11: j n--_tj, told rac, I had givro fo,, tiaf3 I p I t W M 1111ind of iv;iat good 1,*nz3
_he A nd tney laughed at n4 w
fro
f) 1 1 V f HV, 1 h a t: I C I e c 1 1 K a -i on ; a i d I, h, c
te
F L Iun gayf 111(f III ,Yc' C 1, g] I n t 1,:in t!" V" I 1 to
pat 4. -TLIJ lic-'vver, v..s of uf, to I'lej; 'the imprc.Aop cont;nu;p, (;11 nly L!Idt I

py
W U I "I ca:- Itn H LO t" : ".,jJd, and ol lcrvL d 'c'; t,,:e
mvc,_,
e 1; 6. Wi" _n I fa 0 C) -,I r b: ec court IJAOIS,
,ithL 'n 11:3 tLnc n L 5 Icrof 11:s 1-1





86

his virtue, and pe~haps his friends, to attain it, I have faid t"A mryfeif, 714s man gi es too much for his JVh /1e/.
7- JWhen I fawv another fond of popularity, conin cnmployiag himfelf in political buffles, negleating his owna fairs, and ruining them by that negte&t, Repays indeed, faid1, too mucis for his U/hfile.
S. If I knew a rnifer, who gave up every kind of comforttoleliig, al) the pleafulre of doing good to others, all th,;
of his fellow citizens, and the joys of benevolent
l pfor the fake of accumulating wealth, Poor mnan,' 1f1id 1,yudo indeed pay too much for the Wb//lle.
9. WhnI meet with a man of pleafure, facrificing every laudable improvement of the mind, or of his fortune, to mere corpo'real fenfations, and ruining his health. in the put fuit ; Miitaken man, fay 1, you are providing pain fur yourfel[ inftead of pleafure ; you give too miuch for sour Xhitle. I so. If I fee one fund of fine clothes, Ene furniture, fine hioufes, fine ejuip age, all above his fortune, for which bc& conzra~s ebe-, ',nd ends his c areer-in prifon,; Alas !fay I,
4 as paidl dear, .very dear for his tWh/ik. I i n 1lhort, I conceived that great part of the miferies
dfrani~ were brought upon them by the falfe eftimates' they, m~ ade ;of the, value of things, and by their into~o much for their Wbifl/es.

11r'oFY OF POCAHONTAS,
1ER APS they, w~ho are not particularly acquainte
~:-A~w~tilte hiflor-y of Vil ginia, moay bc ignorant thatP chonsa s was the protearefs o f thle Eroglifl1, and often- fereen. ~e~ h~mfom the cruelty oe-r fa~ltr.
z he wavs but twelve years old, ,hen Captain, Swi tb ravl the nwff intelligent, a'nd the moft hptsmane of th
1lr copnilsfel into the hands of the favagesm-Hc aIr U ndic floe1 irI la ngua ge-, h adi tr ide d with them fexealt andt often afe~d the quarre ls betw %een the Europe ai lAoem. Oftcn had hie been obliged alfo to fight them, andt ptsnifh their Iwrhy.
3. At legth hwvr, under the, pre-text of commei cc, 'a .v ,, ra o btd, ad The only t~ vo companona0r
macn~oed hi,* before Li! eyes ; u, though al~on7I, is dextit I, ed i-- JnIf IF front thI iu 'Ioop w liefcucd him;1 U~ijVfr4.:u irnagin.11 ie he ld1





87

himifeif, by crowing a morafs, he fluck faft, fo that the fava ges
aainift whom he had nSo means of, defending himself, at 1
took and bound himr, and condu&ed him to Powhatan,.
J" 4. The king was fo proud of having Captain Smith inj his
power,, that he fent him iif triumph to all the tributary princes, and ordered that he should be fpindidly treated, till he rche turned to fuffr that death which was prepared for him.
ht 10 5- The fatal moment at laff arrived. -Captain Saniah was
laid upon the hearth of the favage king, and his head phce4
upon a large flone to receive the ftroke of death ; w
cahontas, the youngefl and darling daughter Qof 'o% a,j !ry. threw heifeffupon his body, clped himk in hecr armns. and deere elated, that if the crAuel fentence was executed, the firfi blow it ;' holtl fall on her.
in- 6y. All favages (abfolute fovereigns and tyr2 Fts not eXCepted)

ine are invariably more aff,&'ed by thc tears of infancy, than the
voice of humanity. PowAhatan could r.ot rf-fill the tears and
prayers of his daughter.
I, 7. Captain Sirht obtained his life, on condition of paying
for his ranfom a certiiin quantity of rnuflkets, powder, and
-ies, i ron utenfils; but how were they to be- obtained ?They IYosd
te, -neither permit hi'm to return to jamies-Town, nor let the Eng
in Ilih know where he was, left they fhouild demand him hverd ill
band.
8. Capuin Smith, whio was as Fenifible as courag eouLs, faid,
that if Powhatan would permit one of his fubjeIs to cryto ted Jarns-Towon a leaf whiich hie tnok from his pocket boh
Po- fhould find under a tree, at thle day' and houaL~ appoinitedci! h
articles demanded for his irfon.
9. Powhatan coifented ; but wtothvn uh(ih
it ~ his promifes, behaving it to be only an artifice of t!:
th to prolong his life. But he had wi itte~n on a lea;f a 'les,
fu~cicrnt to give an account of his situation. The ii
returned. The kingl fent to the place fixed uaf
'igreadlyaftoni sedto findevery tig ikPdbc
I t to Powbvatan could not coniceiv-e this modc of
tin touhts; ndCaptain Smith SV s jrlcfo
mr Ion as a gre'(-t nig:cian, to whom theli (,wt not i w much rdfpe'J. He left the favages in thi n os;
teried to return homie.
i ). Two or three years after, forne freli d iffrences
asidlit tletmndc the L!g.ifh,_Powha'aoi,whoj no Ion rt i






them forcercrs, but (1ill feared their power, laid a horrid pla to get rid of them altogether. Hisprojed iasto attack the in profound pace and cut the throats of the whola colony.
12. the night of this intended confphircy, Pocahonta took advantage of the obfcurity; aWd in a terrible (lorm nhic kept the favages in their tents, efcaped from her fther's hou advifed the Englifh to be on 'their guard, but conjured the to pare her family ; to appear ignorant of the intelligence fh had ti. It would be tedious to relate all the fervicts W hich thi angel of peace rendered to both nations. I fhall orly add that the Englife, I know not from what motives, but certainly against all faith and equity, thought proper to carry her c&. Long and bitterly did fhe deplore her fate ; and the oniv con. folation lhe had was Captain Smith, in whom the found a fe. cond father.
Y. She was treated with great refped, and married to a planter by the name of Rolfe, who foon after took her to England. This was in the reign of James the firf} ; and it, is faid, that the monarch, pedantic and ridiculous in every point, was fo infatuated with the prerogatives of royalty, that he exprefld his difpleafdre, that one cf his fubjeas fiould dare to marry the daughter even of a favage king.
15. It will not perhaps be dificult to decide on this occafion, whether it was the farage king who derived honor fro, finding himfelf placed upon a level with the European prince or the Englifh nonaich, who, by his pride and prejudices reduced himself to a level with the chief of the favages.
16. Be that as it will, Captain Smith, who had returned to London before the arrival of Pocahontas, was exuamely happy to fee her again; but dared not treat her with the fain filszirity as at James-Town. As foon as the faw him, The
-threw herfelf into his arms, calling him her father ; but find. ing that he neither returned her careffes with equal warmth nor the endearing title of daughter, ihe turned afide her hea ond wept bitterly; and it was a long time before they coul obtain a fingle word from her.
17. Capt. Smith inquired feveral times what could be t caufe of her aidon. What Iaid ie, did I not favr thy life in America? W hen I was torn from the arms of my father, and condued amongft thy friends, didil thou notl aremiie to be afhther to me Didit thou no- altire me.- thaAr







if I went into thy country thou wouldil be my fLaher, rod that I Ihould be thy daughter? Thou halt deceived me, and
behold me, now here, a stranger and an orphan."
18. It was not difficult for the Captain to make his peace
with this charming creature, whom he tenderly loved. He
prefented her to feveral people of the firft quality ; but never dared to take her to court, from which, howevcir, fhe receivV- ed feveral favors.
S19. After a refidence of feveral years in England, an example of virtue and piety, and attachment to her husband, the
n died, as the was on the point of embarking for America.
She left an only fon, who was married, and left none but
2 daughters ; and from thefe are defcended fibme of the princi fe. pal charaders in Virginia.

3 a EMLIUS, oa DoMESTIc HAPPINESS.
Tto HE government of a family depends on fuch various
t. I and oppofite principles, that it is a matter of extreme delicacy. Perhaps there is no situation in life in which ryit is fo difficult to behave with propriety, as in the contefi between parental authority and parental love. This is undoubtedly the reafon why we fee fo few happy families. Few parents are both loved and refpeded, bccaufe moff of them are a either the dupes or the tyrants of their children.
2z. Sme parents, either from a natural weaknefs of mind, Ice
or an excefs of fondnefs, permit, and even encourage their children, in a thousand familiarities, which render them ridiculous, and by diminishing the refpe& which is due to their
age arnd flation, defiroy all their authority.
3. Others, ruled by a partial and blind afeCtion, which
S can deny nothing to its objed, indulge their chi ',en in :l
their romantic wishes, however triflireg and oh ; however
W', degrading to their dignity or injurious t, their welfare.
e4-. Others, fou:Id by misfortunes, or gi own peevi .nd
jealous by the lofs of youthful plcalures, and an acqui,: rtancewith the deceit and foly of the world, attempt to
t refhiain the ideas and enjoyments of youth by the rigid
mayims of age.
5. The children of the firfl c!afs often o~end by flly manSners and a kind of good natured difiefpe Thofe of he
second are gencially proud, whimsical and vicious. 'het of








third, if they are fubdued, when young, by the rigor of paTental difcipline, forever remain morofe, illiberal and unfociable : or if, as it commonly happens, they find means to efcape from reftraint, they abandon themfdves to every fpecies of
licentioufilefs.
6. To parents of thefe deferiptions may be added another
clafs, whole fondnefs blinds their eyes to the moft glaring vices of their children ; or invents fach palliatioas, as to prevent the mofl falutary correaions.
7. The tafle for amufements in young people, is the mofA
difficult to regulate by the maxims of prudence. In this article, parents are apt to err, either by extreme indulgence on
the one hand, or immoderate rigor on the other.
8. Rccolleaing the feelings of their youth, they give unbounded licence to the inclinations of their children ; or, having loft all relifh for amusements, they refufe to gratify their
moft moderate desires.
9. It is a maxim which univerfally holds true that the heft
method of guarding youth from criminal pleafures, is to indulge them freely in thofe that ate innocent. A perfon who S has free accefs to reputable fociety, will have little inclination
to frequent that which is vicious.
2o. But thofe, who are kept under conflant reflrait, who
are feldom in amufemcnts, who are perpetually awed by the frowns of a parent, or foured by a disappointment of their moft harmlefs wifhes; will at times break over all bounds to gratify their tafle for pleafure, and will riot be anxious to difcriminate between the innocent and the criminal.
i I. Nothing contributes more to keep youth wilin the li:n
its of decoiumn, than to have their b;aFeriors mingle in then company at proper times, and participate of their amurnfcme nts
j2. This condefcenfion flatters their piide ja at the fatn
time, that refpec for age, which no familiarities can whol efface, naturally checks the extravagant faLlies of mirth, an the indelicate Tudencffes which young people are apt to indul
in their jovial hours.
13. Thatawful diflance at which frme parents keep thb
children, and their abhorrence of all juvenile diverfi which compel youth to facrifice their mofl innocent fires, veil the gratification of them with the molt anxious fecre have as dire& a tendency to drive young perfons into a iro
gate life, as the force of viciou5 example.








14. It is impoffible to give to the age of tenty the feeii.gs
er the knowledge of fixty; as it would be folly to with to 2 clothe a child with grey hairs, orto flampthe fading alfpe of
f Autumn on the bloomni of May. Nature has given to every
age fome peculiar paions and appetites ; to moderate and rer fine thefe, not to itfle and deffroy, is the butinefs of common
prudence and parental care.
I. I was led into this train of refle&ions by an acquaintance with the family of Emilius, which is a rare instance of
ft domellic felicity. Parents indulgent to their children, hofr- pitable to their friends, and univerfally refpeded ; their fons
equally generous, models and manly.
16. Emilia, an only daughter, the pride of her parents, 1- poffeffed of every accompliflhment that can honor herfelf, or
v endear her to her friends ; an eafy fortune, and a difpofitiou r to enjoy and improve it for the purpofes of humanity; perfect
harmony of dometic life, and unaffeaed fatisfa&ion in the 1l pleafres of fociety. Such is the family of Emilius.
n- 17. Such a family is a little paradife on earth; to envy
ho their happinefs is almoff a virtue. Conjugal refped, parental
on tendernefs, filial obedience, and brotherly kindnefs are fo fel.
domr united, in a family, that when I am honored with the h0 friendfhip of fuch, I am equally ambitious to participate their.
he -appinefs, anti profit by the example.
.eir iS. Emilia's fituation mufl be peculiarly agreeable. Her
to parents delight to grati her in every amufement: and coni iented with this, the knows no, with beyond thefacred bounds
of honor. While by their indulgence the enjoys every rational pleafurre, the rewards their generous care, by a dutiful
behaviour and unblemished manners.
19. By thus difzharging the reciprocal duties of their reS fpctive nationss, the happinefs of each is fecured. The foliO y cTade of the parent and the obedience of the child equally
contribute to the blifs of the little fociety; the one calling
forth every aa of tenderness, and the other difplayed in all
the filial virtues.
hei* -20. Few families are defined to be f1 happy as that of Emilius. Were I to choof the fituation where I could pafs my life with moff fatisfaion, it would be in this domestic
S circle. My houfe would then be the residence of delight, Sunmingled with the anuxicties of ambition ~o~ tl regret of difappointment.







92

2 1. Every aq would be dialed by love anid refpcq ev.-s countenance~ would wtear the fmile of complifance ; and ti little u-navo:dable troubles, incident to the happiteft fituatio woidd only ferve to increafe our friendship and iinprovc our licity, by making rooml for the exercife of virtue.

EMtILIA 01 THE HAPPINESS 05' RETIEMENT.
~ SI was converfing with Emilia, a few days pafl, fjafled whether fie was contented to live to remo from the refort of company. She answered in the afffiirmativ and remarked further, that her fituation enabled her to d; tinguilh between rcal friends and comnpimentary :For if fhe RV ed in a more public place, fhe might be vifited by ctowdso
-people, viho xvexe Civil indeed, but hid no motive for caiiin on her, but to fpend an idle hour and gaze on the bufy mu titude.
2. 1 was pieafIed with the reinark, and was naturally led confider fiLich a retired fitua-ion as a fortunate circumfianct a young lady of delicacy. Not only the happinefs of a fam ily, but the cha ac'ter of your women, both in a motal a focial view, depends on a choice of proper company.
3. A Perpetual tbi tong of company, ef~eciaily if it furnif'n a variety of new objetq, has a iprr-icious effea on the difp) fitions of female mnds. Vlonicn are deind by nature prefide over dome~cc a~{irs; \Vherex-r parade they ma make abroad, their real mecrit and rtlcharadters are k~oi only at home.
4. Thc behavior of fervants, the veatnefs of furniture, th Order of a table, and the rcgularity of -domeflc onliatfsa, decifiv- cvidences of' female wordi. Perk vls flvee,-11fs temper doe so, catribute more to the happintrs c~f 'their p uers and their famiiis,thari a proper atteonva to thefe artici
5. For this reafon, wl- ,atcver I i a tendency to diver t t mind from th--fe con-cerns, and give- them a turn for cmi fliow, endless; noife, and taf~cbcitL aniufcments, ought to carefully avoided by youijg ladie-s who wiffi for refpedt hey), the prefrrit rroMent.
6. Miff-a, who are perpetsally furrounded with idle ca ny, or even live ini fight of it', though they may be fortune enough to ,prclecrvc~ tli-ir inrnence, are fbil in hazard of trading firch aI fondnefs for dillipation and folly., aa wo







93

Another danger to which vouing women polficfled of peirfoe;,al charnms are expofed. in public places, is, the !iattery and admiration Of men- The good opinion of a fop will hardly Batter a, v,-cman of difcernmn ; muceh Icfs his ordinary cc',,PI: 11cris, Which are common ly, without meaning.
8. Btit the heTt is often do difguifed, that it is difficult at frtto diftino'uifi between a coxcomb and a man of worth ; or if'I -I C11ic tor an accurate obfierver, yet there is gr eat dangrr tht ab~it and inexperience will make young ladies Overve look dic diflin :fan.
F Iew rninds are effeitaily fecured againfl the attacks of
flattery. It is a poifon the more fiital, as it feizes human nature in its weakeft pat In youth, when the paffions are in
in full % 'Tor, and the judgment feeble, female minds are pecuII liarly- fiaIble to be corrupted by the contagious influc. of pret.
ty clI ilit.eos and affic~led admiration.
It 10. With 'whatever feruples they may at firfi liflen to the
pta1Lts that ar elwdon treal -or pretended charms, a conflant flrain of f4tterlng addreffes, accoranicd with ob'fe-an tlJuia-l cof fance, felderm fails of giving thein too high ;in
opno fthemfedves. Thecy are infevfibly led to bclicve, that
they are peffeffed of virtues to which they are really- ftrangers. fp I I Tsi~ Weief fatisijes them without attempting an furt laer improvement ; and make them to depend, for iepntation mi in life, on good qualirics, the fancied exi'Crnce of xuhici b0 ins and ends with the falfchood of cuflomary cmlmns
1 -. Surh ladies before marriage, ale ufoAly %rain, 1rert, afth feted and filv ; and aftcr marriage, hau~ghty, diaj pointed
z.nd pcmih. The mnoll: perf~ft beauty muld fade, and ceafe
fS to conimand admiration ; but in moil inflanices, the nuptial
hour Puts a period to that exccf3 of flatterin!' attention which
isth happirefs of giddy fenialls. The ]o,-eff term ofadi
tt retior mufi he fhiort :That which dei-end s folely on eLnd
nip atra~~onsis often momentary.
13. The more flartei y is hoflowed cn young ladies,,the, l-et,
general, are thev folici tons to acquire virt ues xihichal, t enfire -jeqt u Len a4dmiration fhial ce~c. The mci~e thy ire
Fra~ftd in x'ou-h, t he more they c :Pc& it in, advanced lie
uxhen they 1,ave leis charms to ccmna nd it. TIhu s th c exceefS1. !)' poves at aiiy foutee of me..t !iain A difcc!ntert.
14+. 1 xvciad by no mealns ifoaettynglieotfght







to be kept total fl-rangers to company, and to rational pro fions of esteem. It is in company only that they can acquai themfelves with mankind, acquire an eafy addrefs, and lea numberlefs little'decorums, which -are effential and can not taught by precept. Without thefe a woman will fomneti deviate from that dignity ana propriety of c6ndua, 1hic1
any fituation, wvill fecure the good -will of her friends, an
prevent the blushes of her hufband.
15. A fondnefs for company and amufement is blameiab
only when it is indulged to excels, and permitted to abfor more important concerns. Nor is fomei dlegvee of flattery at ways dangerous or ufelefs. The good opinion of m-ankin we are all deijicus to obtain ; and to knovv that we p~I
often makes us ai-bitious to d.'frre it.
0s. No pafflon is g~vcn to us in vain ; the he-fft ends a
fonctirnes effeecd by the warif means ; and even female va ity, properly managed, may pr-ompt t6 the niolt rneritoriol
actions. I should pay EmiF~a but- a very rdl co iet aferibe her virtues to htcr local situation ; for no I"rfo nc j 1.1m, as a virtue, what [he has been in no danger of Iofin
17. But there is no retirement beyond the reach of tem
tio, anrd the whole teior of hercnupoes that h' usibTemilihed morals and uniform delicacy, proc eed from bett
principles than neceffity or accident.
s8. She is loved and flattered, but ffie is not vain;h
company is univerfally coveted, and yet 4he tias no airs
haughtinefa, and difdain.
z9. 11r cheerfuloefs in company thows that fhe bas a 7,
for fociety ; her contentment at home, and attcrtion to meffic 'concerns, are early fpecimens of her happy difpcfiti and her decent, umia'-&ed abhorrence of cv cry ivccs licentious behavior, evinces, beyond fufpieion, that ihec Mocence of her lieait is equal to the charms of ber perfon.

JULIANA. -4 real c.lwrzaeer.
j ULIANA is one of tbofe rarew enwoeer
SJ atcrtihIfons have ro rivals, but the fieetnvfs o a
per and the cdlacy of lacr fentiments. An cegain
regular fe atores, a f'wc completion, a lively, C CdI)e tenaaee, an caf') a,,ldsfs, and thofe bitiles of maeiC'T
fften the foul of the be(holder ; Thcke are the native )
which render et he' bee of urniverU f oat' n





95

2. But when we converfe with her, and hear the melting
exprefiins of unaffe&ed fenfibility and virtue that flow from her tongue, he~r perfonral charms receive new lufire, and irrefiaably engage the affeations of her acquaintances.
3. Senfibie that the grecat f'ource of all happinefs, is purity
ofmoas and aefivofceeuiana pays conflant and
.n fincere attention to the duties Of religion. She abhors the
infamous, but faihlionlable vice of deriding the facred inflitu.
ions of -religion.
,or ~ t She confi uers a lady wvithout virtue as a moniter on
a earth; and every accomnpiihment, without morals, as polite deinceptioni. She is neither a hypocrite nor an enthtufaft ; on the
contrary, thec mingles fucb cheerfuinefs with the religious dutics of life, that even her piety carries with it a charm which a infen Ntiy allures the profligate ficoni the arins of iice.
5. Not only the general tenor of her life, bet in particular in I,,r bdhavior in church, evinces the reality of her religion.
L She efleems it not only criminal in a -bigh degree, but exStrizncl impolite, to behave-with levity in a,,place conferated fin to the folemn purpofe of devotion.
6. -(She candnot bel -ieve that any pefr tn, who is felicitous to
treat all mankind with civilrty, can laugh in the tenspie of jelrt ovah, and treat their gr eat benefactor with heedlefs negleat.
7. In polite life, tihe manners of Juliania arec peculiarly en'rs gaging. To hier f-aperioirs, the fliows tire utnioft deference and
relief Toherequlsthle mofil modefi complaifance and
crvrlity ;while every rank experiences her kindriefi and affability.
P.By this condu& fthe fecures the l oeadfindpo l
60 deg~rees. No perfoin can defpife her, for the does nothing ustit is ridiculous ; the cannot be hated, for fue does in-jury to c- nrine;; and even thQ malevolent AIJ1'Vters of envy are flred
1110odeA department and! generous condefienfror,.
g. Her converfition is lieyand fentiniental ; firC. fromt
C~h it, frivolous mn-artenefs, and affiedtion of earnings.
-Altli h htr diufe is Always under tie iredion 46 ruti ce eti appeat- unl.iudied ; for her g ,,,d ftiq awys
r- -furnits herl wih hgt fuite, d to the ft e 'th u
~ rity of IIer Ciii eneS anyv caution lio ex214,,r Alof

Io he fillI not led the co. n-, o ; uch lefs al firt
Rhun the cars ut f-omliaiy wit:h -perpetr44 chat,, to interrutpt the-









f ozirfe of others. tut when occaCon offers, a
herfel vvl h cafe and grace ; Without the airs of rtnefs, ar the confusion of baflifulnefs.
i i. But if the conxerfation happens to turn upon'the foibles of either fex, Juliana discovers her goodness by filFnce, oror b inventing palliations. She &tefts every species of lander.
12. She is fenfible tl ,at to publish and agaravate human c rors, Is not the way to corre6i them 4 and refotination, ratbc than iiii'arny, is the ivifla and the fludy of b e r EAfe Her oNy amiftble example is the fevereft of all fatires upon the fault and the follies of lier fex, and goes farther in dificountenan" cilng both, than all the enfurcs of malicious dctraCion.
13. Although Juliana pefFAics evely 2ccompliflament that can command eileern and adiii;ration ; yet the has neither van ity nor oCzenration. I-Jer nitrit is cadiy ('aLovercd witho-,,ii fbow a-n"
14- She confides that bajobtinels, and contempt of otbed frew meanness ; that true greatness is cvc ers, always proce. imendation. and bluCter'
icceffiblz ; and that felf recon irig pre
tensions, are but the glittering decorations of empty head ari d trifling b--arts.
15. Ho.Nvcvtt.- ilrong m--iy be her dtfire or' useful info-mt tion, or ho-wever lively her curiotity, yet flie refrains tht pafionswithin th bounds. of pruclence and good breeding, She deems it impeitincrit to the higacil. degree to be pry1f) into the -conctrns of othcr people much more impertinef, and criminal does f1w deem it, to indulge an officious inquil" tiveneCs, f, r the Ue. of gratifying private fpleen in the proj Oatioa or unfavoralbie tTUdIS.
x 5. So exc,-cd ngly delicate is fhe in her treatment of he"
Vr crcatvu-s, tIlIat fhe wi'l not read a paper aor hear vn ',)-r, whiCh ,, crfon ccs not N611i to have known t:vc'
1 n fln is ir no danger of Oct= or.
T1 fame deli-a-C atent 0: tothe kel;ligs of OtTlef rc,- d, tcs 1)t2r ccrcua in cornpan-y. She vould not for til r C Ot hcr r": 1 g,--r whifpeiing wiO
kj,, M t,IC A;i rods, riroaces, fly look.-, anC
G"! 1, .-3t known, are c- :lyJ 1", :10, 1'- 2 -i L .1-bCightCf 11 L L' D&r
and, .",-jl irfulL t-j C A
1 0. Whencv.-- lm-3iic a3 be--v, cer twc -)f i fons, 1111c









S objects of their ridicule. But it is a maxim of JulianathaI
fach conduct is a breach of politenefs, which no oddities or miflakes that happen in public company, can excufe or palliate.
19. It is very common for- perfons, who are deffitute of
certain accomplifhments which they admire in other people, b to endeavor to imitate them. This is the fource of affedation,
a fault that infallibly expofes a perfon to ridicule. But the or naments of the heart, the dress and the manners of Juliana,
are equally eafy and natural.
S20. She need not to affume the appearance of good qualiS ties which fhe poffeffes in reality; nature has given too many
beauties to her perfon, to require the fludied embellishments of
fafhon ; and fich are the eafe and gracefulnefs of her behave.
ilour, that any attempt to improve them wouldleffen the dignity of her manners.
2 1. She is equally a firanger to that fupercilious importance
which affects to defpife the fmall, but neceffary concerns of
life ; and that fqueamifh falfe delicacy which is wounded with Ve every trifle.
we 22. She will not negle& a fervant in ficknefs becaufe of the
S meannefs of his employment ; flhe will not abufe an animal for
her own pleafure and amufement; nor will fhe go into fits at
the diffrefs of a favorite cat.
23. Her gentle foul is never difhurbed with difcontent, envy, or refentment; thofe turbulent pafllions which fo often defiroy the peace of fociety as well as of individuals. The na.
tive firmnefs and ferenity of mind forbid the intnfion of vio.
lent emotions ; at the fame time her heart,fufieptible and kind,
is the foft refidence of every virtuous affetion.
24. She fulains the unavoidable flocks of adverfity, with
a calmnefs that indicates the fuperiority of her foul ; and with a the fmile of joy or the tear of tendernefs, fhie participates the
pleafures or the forrows of a friend.
25. But the difcretion and generofity of Julipna, are particularly diftinguifhfd by the number and fincerit-y of her attachments. Her friendships are few, but they are all founded on the principles of beneoltence and fidelity. Such confidesce do her fincerity, her conflancy ani er fiflefs in.
S fpire, that her friends commt to her thci moll pri.
vate concerns, without fufpicion.
26. It is her fav ite maxim, that a n efkyof exAing





98

promises of fecrecy, is a burlefque upon every pretenflon t
friendfhip. Such is the charader of the young, the am le Juliana
27. If it is poffible for her to find a man who knows her worth and has a difpofition and virtues to reward it, the union of their hearts muff fecure that unmingled felicity in life, whic is referved for genuine love, a paflion infpired by fenfibility ad improved by a perpetual intercourfe of kind offices.

RULES FOR BEHAVIOR.
N "TEVER let your mind be abfent in company. CormS mand and dire& your attention to the prefent objea, and let diflant objets be banifhed from the mind. There is time enough for every thing in the courfk of the day, if yGu do but one thing at once; but there is not time enough in the year, if you will do two things at a time.
z. Never attempt to tell a flory with which you are not well acquainted; nor fatigue.your hearers with relating littl trifling circumfiances. Do not interrupt the thread of difcourfe with a thousand bems, and by repeating often Jays e and faid I. Relate the principal points with clearnefs and precifion, and you will be heard with pleafure.
3. There is a difference between modefly and bafhfulnefs Modelty is the charaderiffic of an amiable mind; baflthfunefs difcovers a degree of meannefs. Nothing finks a young mad into low company fo furely as bafhfulnefs.
~4 If he things he hall not pleafe he moff furely will no Vice and ignorance are the only things we ought to be afha med of; while we keep clear of them we may venture an where without fear or concern.
5. Frequent good company--copy their manners-imitate their virtues and accomplifhments.
6. Bp not very free in your remarks upon chara6cer There may be in all companies, more wrong heads than rig ones-more people who will deferve, than who will bear cenfure.
7. Never hold any body by he button or the hand, in a der to be heard thr4 i your flory; for if the people are n willing to hear yoa u had much better hold your ton than hold them.
SNever ~whipern company. Convrfation is comio flock, in which all p s pre~t have to cl i





99

thare. Always liften when you are fpoken to; and never it
le terrupt a fpeaker. a
9. Be not fot ward in leading the converfation-this belongs
to the oldest perfons in company. Difplay your learning only
on particular occasions. Never oplolfe the opinion of another
but with great modefly. ,
t o. On all occafions avoid speaking of yourfelf, if it is
pofllible. Nothing that we canfay of ourselves will varnish our defeRs, or add luffre to our virtues; but on the contrary, it
will often make the former more vyflble, and the latter, obfcure.
I Be frank, open, and ingenuous in your behavior; and S always look people in the face when you fpeak to them. Never
receive nor retail fcandaL In fcandal, as in robbery the re0 ceiver is as bad as the thief.
he is. Never refle& upon bodies of men, either clergymen,
lawyers, phyficians, or foldiers; nor upon nations and focieot ties. There are good as well as bad, in all orders of men,
tl and in all countries.
!f- 13. Mimickry is a common and favorite amufement of low
minds, but should be defpifed by all great ones. We fiould d neither pradife it ourfelves, nor praife it in others. Let your
expenfes be lefs than your income.
14. A fool fquanders away, without credit or advantage
to himfelf, more than a man of fenfe fpends with both. A a wife man employs his money, as he does his time, he never
fpends a fhilling of the one, nor a minute of the other, but 0 in fomething that is either ufeful or rationally pleading. The
ha fool buys what hlie does not want, but does not pay for what
n hie stands in need of.
i J. Form no friendships haffily. Study a chara&er well ate before you put confidence in the perfon. Every perfon is entided to civility, but very few to confidence. The Spanifh provrs erb fays, Tell me whom you live with, and I will tell you
who you are." The Englifh fay, "A man is known by the
company he keeps."
46. Good breeding does not confifl in low bows, and formal ceremony: Butinanaf e cvil, andre l l avior.
17.A well bred man is po every on, but parti
larly to firangers. In mited c panies ery. on 1
admitted, is fuppofed toe on a fooing of equality Ah
and confequently clais veyjufy cry mark ofcivilit
a8. Every e tonednefs. T1ebadst. ,





1O0o

teeth should be kept clean. A dirty mouth is not only digreeable, as it occasions an offenfive breath, but almost iafdl bly cafes a decay and lofs of teeth.
19. Never put your fingers in 'your nofe or ears-it is nafty, vulgar rudenefs and an affront to company.
20. Be nota floven in drefs, nora fop. Let your drefs neat, and as fashionable as your circumfiances and convenient will admit. It is faid, that a man who is negligent at twenty years of age, will be a floven at forty, and intolerable at fifth
2I. It is necifary fometimes to be in baJe ; but alwa wrong to be in a burry.. A man in a hurry perplexes himelf he wants to do every thing at once, and does nothing at all.
22. Frequent and loud laughter, is the charafteriftic of fo ly and ill manners-it is the manner in which filly people e prefs their joy at filly things.
23. Humming a tune within yourself, drumming with yo fingers, making a noife with the feet, whiftling, and fu awkward habits, are all breaches of good manners, and ind cations of contempt for the perfons prefent.
24. When you meet people in the fireet, or in a pub place, never flare them full in the face.
25. When you are in company with a fIranger, never gin to queftion him about his name, his place of refidence and his bufinefs. This impudent curiofity is the height of manners.
z6. Some perfons apologize, in a good natured manne for their inquifitivenefs, by an, If I may be fo hold SIf I may take the liberty ;" or, Pray, Sir, exc:fe freedom." There attempts to excufe one's felf, imply, th a man thinks binzfelf an impudent fellow-and if he does n other people think he is, and treat him as fuch.
27. Above all adhere to morals and religion, with immo able firmnefs. Whatever effect, outward fhow and acc plifhments may have, in recommending a man to others, no but the good is really fiappy in himnfelf.

FAMILY DISAGREEMrNTS t' frluenat caufe of IMOR C -o C T.
A FTER alofur complaints of the uncertainty of
'A man afairs, it is undoubtedly true, that more mife
is produced among ias by the irreglaritis of our tempers, i by eal mifortunes.