.HISTORY OF Rdbinson Crusce.
WINDSOR, Vt. Tene Cochran.
4 ?INrAP AND SOLD or
S* I W The Baldwin Library F1ouhfmit
JOBI2V.SY CR US O
THE life ofthis furprif-ing Adventurer is rep witifthe moft- flrange and wonderful events that ever appeared in hiftory;we thalI 1beretore be as pailicular as
pellible in reciting them.Hewas born of a good family in the city of Yorko i~cro his fatherwho was a native of Brenian, had fettled, after having acquired a genteel frtunn bv mnercitandiz,*,-
bhut having a natural defire for a fea-faring life, no intreaties could iluce him to fettle in bufinefs at home, according to his parents requefl; however they never could be prevaAled upon rto give. their confent for his hazarding his life upgn to dangerous and fo uncertain an element. When he found them quite obdurate, he forrned a refolution of ablenting himfelf from York, with out.their leave. With this view he fet off for Hull, where meeting with one of his fchool fellows, who was
going on board his fah.-t er's 5hip then bound for Peterfburgh, diredaly com,.
rnunicated his defire of az-r companying him, whicb was as readily agreed to In a few days they fet fill, 'but our ;AdVentUrer~s fiiff
Voyage proved a very unfortunitc one, for they had not been many days at fea before a veryI violent ternpeat arofe, and tewhole ffip's crew would inevitably have perihed, had they'not cfcap&i in a long boat ; the vcffcl foundered upon a rock, and dafhed to piecs -before their eyeCs.'
They landed -at Yarmouth wl "in they were kindly receive d by the rmagiflrates & inhabitauts of the tewn,w ho generoufly afli ffed t hem wit h every thing neccffary for their inmebate watit, and inuney tufficient to carry
them either to London or Hull. Our Herohad node. fire to return home, therefore bent his fleps towards the city; where he contra.ted an acquaintance with the mafter of a ihip who had been on the coaft of Guinea. and was then preparing for a second voyage, who having taken a liking to Crufoe offered to take him along with him wirhop any expense, and alfo to advance what money he might want to purchafe luch things as are ufually carried upon that coaft to dit pole of or to ex. change with the natives.-~
This voyage made him amp le amends for the other, for e acquired the art of navigation, and found himfelt, at his return to England, master of 300ool. in fpecie, ater having refunded the motey which had been advanced by the mafter of the fhip, who died f n after his arrival. Having thus loft his friend, he rfolved to venture on the fam voyage once more, and accordingly embarked with his laft maf-| ter's mate having fidt depofited 2ool. of his property in the hands of the widow of his late friend. But
this was one of the rnol un. happy voyages that everman made, for as they were fleering between the Canary iflands and African thore, they were taken by a Moorif Rover of Sallee, after a very defperate engagement.
The captain of the Rover
kept our adventurer as his own prize, but the reft of the crew were fent to the Emperor's court ; the ufage he experienced was not fo dreadful as he at firft apprehended,but the confinement was far from being agreeable to him ;-he therefore fludied how to make his efcape, and at laft affected it in this manner: His mafltter in thelong boat ot their Englith fhip had a fmall (late room or cabin built in the middle of it, hike a barge, ith a place behind it to flee: t In this pleafure boat" he frequently went out a
ffiij, and as, Robii1'otl Crufoe was very dexterotuS in that art., he -generally took him al6ng with him. One day he had appointed to go out in this boat with fome Moors 'of diffinction, and, therefore fent a large flock of provifions than ifial and. ordered Robinfon. to et fome powder and fhot, tor they, defigned to have fomre diverfion at fowling a's well' as fhing ; but Proviclence
*frufIrawe dthe scheme mere.ly to effect our Adventurer's deliverance, for they declined going, a'nd the Moor ordered Rob nfox to'g goOit
With the boat and catch forne -fifh, for his friends were to fup with him.-A negro hlave and a boy were fent along with him to manage the veffel, the firft whomt
was Caijcd Mulyv. and the latter Xury--When they' had got about a league to
Crufoe took the advantag( of the flave, and going be. hind him threw him into tht fea. The poor fellow begged to be taken into the boat again but Robinfon positive. y refuf~d and pointed thi muzzle of a fowling picc at him, telling, him at' th( fame time to f~wrim a-fhore 02 hewould (hoot him. Finding all his entreaties in ain, hemade for land ai fall a:, polible, and being a goo(
fwimerhe foon reached, it. The boy he kept to afii-1c him in managing tihe veflel but firf made him fwearu ke true- to hi-M.
After failing about fomne weeks,in the courfe of wh ic they were one day aifrigh tcd by two furious wild beafts
which made towards their I barge as faff as they could. Xury was terrified to a very 1trcat degree, lit his fear
foon abated when Robinfoa took up his mufket aud thot one of them inflantly dead ; the other then made towards them very fiercely; but Robinfon fhowed fo much fkill and valour in levelling his piece a fecond time, that the monfler inftantly shared the fame fate as its companion.
They continued fleering their courfe, they knew not how; but they were at laf agreeably furprifed with the fight of an European fhip
which they hailed ; the crew of which as foon as *they'perceived them, thinking it was abeat belonginigto fone fhip which had been loft, imrneiately ,Ihortened lail to let them come. up j on coming near, they were aiked what country they were of in Por. tuguefe, Soanifh & French-, but Robinfon underilood none of thetn.Atlaft a ScotAfl failor *aboard a4kcd him~
when he direCtly anfwered, he was an Englifhman,who had been taken by a over of Sallee, and had made his efcape from flavery ; they readily took him c his boy Xury on board,with all his goods. Robinfon was fo overjoyed at this fortunate
Seventh, that he immediately offered all his poffeffions to the captain of the thip, but. he generoufly told him, he would take nothing from him, but that all his effeds should be delivered to him when they arrived at the Brafils, whither the thip was boun dfter a good
voyage they arrived at All Saints Bay, where the cap. tain recommended him to a planter, with whom he lived till he had learned the trade, but the firft difpofed of his effedts to the captain, who had acted in to friendly a manner to him ; he allo let him have the boy Xury, who was to have his freedom on condition of his turning chriftian. Being now fixed as a planter, and having got tolerably rich,he might ha'e lived in the happiefi manner it his.defire for a feafaring lie had not again returned.
Frequently. talking among his fellow merchants, he ,comimunicated to them thr, method of purchaing. negroes on t.he coaft of Guinea, 2and they being pleafed, with the projed, eafily prevailed onl h In-i t o m ake a voyage for tihat purpol'e, which Voyage whs to him a very unfortuinate one'; for a violent ftorni 'arofe, and the fhip ftruck on a fItnd; themen were, obliged 'to efcape the wreckbiy t~iking tothe boat~but unh'apily, it overfet, and- bur advenIturer was the only pCrfOI that Providence had pointed 'out for to be faved; for wheta
the boat overfet a wave carried him a vaft way towards the fhore, and having fpent itfelf, went back and left him upon the fand almoft dry.
This miraculous interferenceof Providence is doubtlefs a fufficient proof to conVince us that he is all pow-
ttful arnd all graciouss, as the, fubkquent part of this hiftory will demnonflirate.136 n g now entirely deftitute o)f every means of 1-upport, I in A deffolate ifland linhabited by wild beafts, he gave him [elf up for loft : All he had in the world wasa knife, pipe, and' a little tobacco iq' a box: This *~as all his prov I ion :but the next day the fea being calm, he djetermined to fivim. to the wreck of:Lhe i~hip'to fee ifhle could recover any thing that might b6 of fervice tohim~. inhis captivity. 'To complete hii defigqi he Itript off laja
elothes,took to the water,& ioon got on board when he found all the provifions dry.
He then proceeded to fearch every p 'rt of the ffiip. and Shaivin(, ma'de a raft 1owelt' the carpetiter's chef, and every thing he thought rqe-
ceffaryon board it, and yen. turing upon it, he foon reached the land.
When he had depofited his property, he made a fecond voyage to the thip, and after that repeated his vifits till he had removed every thing of ufeor value, and among the reft 2 cats &a dog, which were his only com. panions for many years.le then proceeded toered himfelf a hut or place to live in which in time he completed, and having found there were goats and pigeons in the ifland, he ufed to fubfift on the milk of the oneand the
flefh of the other,and fome. times would venture to kill a young kid, the meat- of
which proved of very great fervice to him. As he was one day rumaging the things he had brought from the Ihip, he found a bag with afew hufks of corn in it, and happening to want it, lxookit by the ide of th-i
tent. This to his afonilia mient, produced ten of twelve ears of barley, which he taking care of, and fowing again in time, yielded many buffels of the fame grain fo that when his bread grew thort, he had another refource. When he had been about a yearon the Ifland, he was taken ill, and recol, le6ting that the Brazilians took no phyfic but tobacco, tried that medicine, and in time got better. In this dreary Sltuation did our unfortunate rrriner pafs a confiderable number of years during which he kept
t juIL account how the time paffed by cutting notches on a poff he fet upfor thatpurpole, observing the Sabbath and frequently returned God thanks for praferving
In order to fave his powder and fhot, he contrived to eninare fome goats of both fcxes [as well as birds ofvarious kinds] from which he raifed a very confiderable flock and thereby flocked himfelf with provifions. He likewife in his walks found many choice fruit trees, fuch as melons, pomegranates, &c. Thefe ferved to heighten
1iis llappinefs, and induced ,him to build a kind of a bower nearwhere they grew, where he trequently Oept ir the butte it pirt of the weather, it bring more cool than his firfi habit Atio0n1.
In thits fvutraion without the company of- any liv ing
*creature to (onvcrfe. with, be paffed his time till the 23d year of his captivity when Prov idence thought
*proper to give him a Compamion, who was a Savage of a neighboring ifland, but foon became tradable by our Adventurer'-s coullc and diredions., The whole
time he flayed in the ifland was 28 years, when an Englifh brig happened to pafs
by that part of it where Robinfon Crufoe's habitation was, the crew of which having mutined, put their captain on fhore io order to leave him there, and take
the veffel in their owa hands; but Robinfon being pear, discovered their intentions, and with his faithful Negro, who he called Fri. day, killed fome of the ringleaders, after a very delper.ate engagement, n which he proved himfelt man of
true courage, and 'put an end' to the rebellion and confpiracy; but he would niorhave' been able to cffeift this v'c-' tory, bad riot the guns placed round his dwelling been fituated f, a lvantageoufly as to do execution every timo they were fired;- he then secured fuch as he thought moft dangerous, and caufed the rcft to become fulhferwhon too theirmmhisefwhon too heir commahider, Ie~is 'into the thip,proceededon their voyage for Engia idwhiereithey ibon after ar-rivedjnd where our Adv -intvrer g!etdled and lived a
religious life after all the, mi sfortun es and hiardfhips he had undergone. His man Friday died on his -paff-Age which was a great grief to his mailerr, for he proved himf elf a fir hful domeflic, and wiffied for nothing fo much as to live to fee England, the placcof hismafter's nativity.