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Robinson Crusoene Baldwin UbIvry
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THlE 111STORY OF
RINrSON CRIVSOLT HE life of this furprifing,
Advenrairer is replete with
the moft flr~nge and wonderful
events that ever appeared in hf
'tory we Ilhal therfwre be as particulr as pofflible in reciting tem. Ile lw boin of a good family in the; city of Y~k, where~
fat, Lhe& wlto was a native of
&Seuien, h~d fettled, after hav 'ing acqwurcd az genteel fortune by nrcaliC; but hying, a
life, no entreaties could induce him to fettle in bufinefs at home, according to his parents' requeft-; however they never could be
-prevailed upon to give tir confent for his hazarding his fife
-upon fo dangerous and fo uncertain an element. When he found
-them quite obdurate, he formed
a- refolutioii of abfentixng hinifeif fromi Y1ork without the' I V
With thi' view he fet ca for R
where meetin- with one of *1 folool fellows; who going on board his father's fbip then bbund for Peteifbtg, he direcaly communicated his define of accompanying him, which was as readily agreed. to. In ~a few days they fet fail,
but our adventurer's firft voyage proved a very unfortunate one, for they had not been many days at fea before a very violent tempcft arofe, and the- whole (hip's crew would inevitably have perilbied, had they not efcaped in a long boat, the! v'ff40 foundered upon a -rock, aR4 laflied to -pieces beforetheir;,
They landed at Yarmouth, where they were kindly received
the magiftrates and inhabitants of the town, who generously affifted them with very thing neceffary for their immediate want, and money fufficient, to carry them either to London or Hull. Our Hero had no defire .to return home, therefore bent his fteps towards the metropolis, where he contra6&ed an acquaintance with the mafter of a fhip who had been on the coalt of Guinea, and was then preparing for a fecond voyage, who having taken a liking to Crufoe, offered to take him along with him without any expenfe, and alfo to advance what money he
ight wat to pulrdhafe fk
a~t coaf to difpoe of ex-t
change withV tlie, uatves. Ilis voyage made libn ample 2iends for the oter for he acquired the art of navigation, and, found hiu feif, at hi rturn to Eng~d m%f. ter Of 3001. In fpecie., after having refu~nded the monej whic haA been advanced by the ma~fter of the chip, who died footn after his w).i Val, Having thus loft his frie, he refolved to venure on the fame
Voaeonce more, an afl4 ig
Jy embarked with h~is hft rnaftees mate, bayipg firft depolitei 26oL. of his property in the lhaz~d-e the widow of is late friend. But
this was one of the molft unhappy eyages that ever man nIade, for as they were steering between the Canary iflands and African fhore,
-they were taken by a Moorith RoYer of Sallee, after a very defperate engagement, wherein there was a deal of blood fpilt on both fides.
The Captain of the Rover kept our adventurer as his own prize, but the reft of the crew were fent to the Emperors court; the ufage he experienced was not fo :dreadful as he at firft apprehended, but the confinement was far from -being agreeable to him; he therefore studied how to make his efcape, and at laft effe&ted it in this manner: his master in the
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long boat of their Englifh thip had: a fall flate-room or cabin bui in the middle of it, like a barge, with a place 'behind it to fleer :; in this pleafure boat he frequently went out a fishing, and as Rohinfon Crufoe was very dexterous in that art, he generally took him along with him. One day
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he had appointed to go out in this boat with fome Moors of diftinaiion, and therefore fent a larger flock of provfions than ufual, and ordered Robinfon to get fornme powder and fhot, for they defigned to have fome diversion at fowling as well as fishing ; but Providence fruffrated the fcheme, merely to effea our adventurer's deliverance, for they declined going, and the Moor ordered Robinfon to go out with the boat and catch fome fifh, for his friends were to fup with him.-A Negro flare and a boy were fent along with him to manage the vefil, the firft of whom was called Maly, and the latter Xry. When they had got
about a le agu- out to~ fea, Cruftoe took the advantage of. the flave,
and ing behind himn thrc, 'ikhx into the~ Lea. The podr. frilow' begged to-. be taken -into~ the boat 4gain, but Rolainfbn pofitively re-: Wned, and pointed the muzzle Qf
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azfawling-piece at him, telling him, P-I t!"- fame time., to fwim afliore cr he vx'oild flioot him.
Finding all his entreaties in vain, lie made for land as faft as pofible, znd being a- good fwimmer, he foon'reached it. The boy he kept to a-ffifft him in managing the veffel, but firit made him, fwtax to be true to him.
After failing about fomne weeks, 1-t the. courfe of whicWj 'they were one Oay 2i-ighted lby two furious vild be ills, which made towards their ha;g -as faft as theIy- could,. XUrY-wa terrified. to a very great degree, but his fears foon abated, when Robinfon took up his mufket, and, flot one of them inflantly-
fa he other then mide to-' rwardIs them~iyery fiercely ; but Robinfon thewed fo much fkIl) aid valor in leveling his piece a fecoii4 time, that the monifer inftlantiy fhared the fame fare as iscamnThey continued fteering their
xcourfe they knew niot how ; but -they. wete at lait agreeably fur-
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prifed with the fight of an Europe, an fhip, which they hailed, the crew of which, as foon as they perceived them, thinking it was a boat belonging, to fome (hip which had been loft, immediately fhort. ened fail to let them come up : on coming near they were afked what country they were of, in Portuguefe, Spanifh and French, but Robinfon understood none of them. At iaft a Scotch failor on boa#f" afked him, when he direfly anfwered, he was an Englifhman, who had been taken by a Rover of Sailee, and had made his efcape from flavery; they readily took him and his boy Xury on board,
%vith all his goods. Robinfon was fo overjoyed at this fortunate event, that he immediately offered all his poifeflions to the captain of tbe fhip, but he generously told him, he would take nothing from him, but that all his effeas should be delivered to him when they arrived at the Brafils, whither the fhip was then bound. After a veSry good voyage they arrived at All Saints Bay, where the captain recommended him to a planter, with whom he lived till he had learned the trade, but he firift difpofed of his effe&s to the captain, who had a&ed in fo friendly a manner to him; he alfo let himn have the boy Xury, who was to have hi
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freedom, on condition of turning chriftian-. Being now fixed as a planter, and having got tolerably rich, he might have lived in the happieft manner, if his defire for a feafaring life had not again returtde'. Frequently talking among his fellow merchants, he communicated to them the method of pu:cafing negroes on the coat of Guinea, and they being pleafed with the projed, eafily prevailed on him to make a voyage for that purpole, which voyage was to him a very unfortunate one ; for a violent form arofe, and the fhip firuck on a fand; the men were obliged to efcape the wreck by taking to the boat, and unhappily it
everfetr, and~ ours adventu4rer was the only perfon that P~rovidence'
paite, ot orto be~ faed ; ~ when) the boat oveffet, a wave carried him a vaft way towards the fhore, and having fpent itfiel4 went-~ back -and left him upont thie fanMalxnoft dry.
I 1j 11jji I_ i~
This miraculous inteiference of Provi'Oence is doubtlefs a fufficient proof to convince us that he is all.powerful and all-gracious, as the fubfcquent part of this history will demonftrate.
Being now entirely deflitute of every means of support, and int a
defolate Wfand inhabited by w~ild beaffi, he gave himfelfiLup for loft
- all he, had in the wotld was a knife, pipe, anid a little tobacco in a box :this was a~ll his provifco' but the next day the fea being very calm, he determined to twim to' the wreck of the fhip, to 'fee a he could recover any thing tbhat might be of fervice to I-im in his cajitii
ty. To complete his defign he fiript off his clothes, took to the water, and foon got on board, when he found all the provisions dry.He then proceeded to fearch every part ofthe flhip, and having made a raft, lowered the carpenter's cheft, and every thing he thought neceffary on board it, and venturing upon it, he foon reached the land.
When he had depofited his property,. he made a fecond voyage to the fhip, and after that, repeated his vifits till he had removed every Thing of ufe or value, and amongft the reftL two cats and a dog, which 'were his only companions for many years;
lie then proceeded to ere~t for himfeif a hut 'or place -to Ive in, .which in time he completed, andI
-baving found there were goats andl pigeons in the ifland, -he vied tq fitbfift on the milk of the one, and th e lfi of the other, and fonme-. ,4imes he would venture to kill a rjun kid, the weat of which
proved of very great fervice to him. As he was one day rumaging among other things he had brought from the thip, he found a bag within a few hulks of corn in it, and happening to want it, hook it by the lide of the tent. This, to his aftonifthment, produced ten or twelve years of barley, which he
in time, yile any bufhdel of the fame gr~jr fata we i
bout a yi in th fln) ews Brafjlaus took no phyfcbuh qbc
In thisdreary fiuation di u deribe timRe, durn whJich he kept ju~taccounho the tie poft hie fet up for~ that purpofe.-. Ile obfcrves4 the 3*ath, antd fr.
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q~etly tetirmled God thanklsfo preferving his life.
-yIleando, little h't became
quite rtfigtied to his folitude, and had no defire ever to change i fituatiofli for providenlce wvas very
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kind to him, And -profpered every thing he undertook.
In order to fare his powder and thct, he contrived -to enfnare fome live goats of both fexes, as well as birds of various kinds,
-from which he raifed a very confiderable breed, and thereby ftocked himfeif with provisions. He likewife in his walks found many choice fruit trees, fuch as melons, pomgranates, &c. kAfe ferved to heighten his happiness, and induced him to -build a kind of bower near where they grew, where he frequently flept in the hotteft part of the weather, it being morle col than his firft habitation.
In this situation, without the company of any living creature to converfe with, he paff-ed his time till the twe-.ty-third year of his captivity, when Providence in mercy gave him a cornpanikn, who was a favage of a neighboring isl-
,*nA, 'but foon became traifable Tay our adventurer's counfel and direaions. he whole timie be flayed In the island was twenty-eighit years, when an Engliih fip happened to pafs, by that part of it, where Robinfon Crufbe's habitation was, the crew of which having inutined, put their captain on fio~ce in order to leave hirr there, and
*take the veffel into thtir own hands
-but our. w~ariner being near, difcovered their initcnjtions, and witli his faithful -rigro, wh~om lie callcdFriday, havirig taken him on that day, killed fomne of the ringleaders, after a very defperate enagemencrt, in~ which he proved himifelf a man of courage, a friend to the inljred, and put an' eng to
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the rebellion and confpiracy; but he would not have been able to effect this viCtory, had not the
-guns placed round his dwelling been fituated fo advantageoufly as
-to do execution every time they were fired; he then fecured fach as he thought moft dangerous, and caufed the reft to become fubfervient to their commander, who took him and his effects into the Thip, and proceeded on their.voyage for England, where they foon after arrived, and where our adventurer fettled, and lived a religious life, after all the misfortunes and hardships he had undergone. His man Friday died on his paffage, which was a great grief to his after, for he proved himself
2ey faithful oel an4 tofee Ergland, the 'lc i7h