The new Robinson Crusoe


Material Information

The new Robinson Crusoe an instructive and entertaining history, for the use of children of both sexes
Uniform Title:
Robinson der jüngere
Physical Description:
4 v. in 2 : 32 ill. ; 17 cm. (12mo)
Campe, Joachim Heinrich, 1746-1818
Bewick, John, 1760-1795
Stockdale, John, 1749?-1814
Printed for John Stockdale
Place of Publication:
London (opposite Burlington House, Piccadilly)
Publication Date:
2nd ed.


Subjects / Keywords:
Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1789   ( rbgenr )
Robinsonades -- 1789   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1789
Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
Robinsonades   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
England -- London


NUC pre-1956,
General Note:
On t.p.: Entered at Stationers Hall.
General Note:
Vol. 1-2: 173, 1 (blank) p., 7 leaves of plates (front. lacking); 156 p., 7 leaves of plates; v.3-4 lacking.
General Note:
Some ill. signed: J. Bewick del. & sculp.
General Note:
Campe named as author on p. 9 of preface.
General Note:
On spine: Robinson Crusoe. 1-2.
General Note:
Translation from a French translation of the German original: Robinson der jüngere.
Statement of Responsibility:
translated from the French ; embellished with thirty-two beautiful cuts.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 023379106
oclc - 23031023
System ID:

Full Text


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P R E F A C E.

S O NE writers have affirmed that
mankind are all born with the fame
difpofitions and the fame degree ofun-
derilanding; and that education, laws,
and culltoms, create all the difference
perceivable between mnan and man. I
confess, I can hardly bring myfelf to
fuppoie that education alone produced
the wide diiiimilarity which exifis be-
t\veen thle characters of Therfites and
Achiiies, or thole of Socrates and Any-
rus : at the I'Line time it will ever be an
acknox lodged truth, that even he who
is moit indebted to Nature will reap.
A 3 but

P R E F A C E.

but fmall advantage from her gifts, un-
lefs they are improved by mature and
judicious cultivation.
It is unneceffary to undertake a furious
demonstration of a truth univerfally ad-
mitted in all ages and nations ; a truth
confirmed by daily experience, and the
practice of which was the object con-
flantly aimed at by the labours both of
the philofopher and the bulk of man-
kind. The improvement of the latter,
as far as it can be effed6ted by education,
has been more attended to in the prefent
age than ever it was in any preceding
one. If the endeavours ufed to this
purpofe have not had all the fuccefs
that might be expected from them, they
have at left excited the attention and
directed the minds of men towards an
objei, the accompliflhiment of which,
as it is more or lel's perfect, has ever a

P R r F A C E. 7-
proportionable effei'S upon the happi-
Snels of families, and confequently upon
the (late of lbcicty in general.
A great genius of the prefent age
h:, co'li:ributkd, even by his falfe opi-
nionc, towards the accominpliflhment of
this important objed: for the errors
of greg't men are remarked, and the
difcuIlcmon of them frequently leads to
the truh from which they have devi-
ated. Thus Mr. Roiffeau's Emilius
will, in fpite of the falfe opinions ad-
vanced in it, always bea valuable book,
bc.thli on account of the important truths
which it contains, and thofewhich it has
caLiufed to be dilcoi cred; and it would
be iunjuid not to attribute to it at leaft a
co: idt Jrable enlargement in our ideas
concerning education.
To frce our itxcics, as far as in us
lies, from the ailments and difibilities
A 4 to

P R E F A C E.

to which Nature fubjeds them from
their very birth, is a great objed, but
certainly not the only one. It is effen-
tial to fociety that its members be found
and robuft in constitution; but if they
are not, at the fame time, honest, juft,
and good, they will be of more preju-
dice than advantage to fociety. Mr.
Roulffeau was perfedly fenfible of this
truth; he has paid considerable atten-
tion to it; but, if I. may be allowed
the aflfertion, he was frequently de-
ceived both in the nature of focial vir-
tue, and the extent to which it should
be pradifed. W h il e he boldly attacks
the preudices under which we are en-
ia'.ed from our infancy, he has, on the
other hand, denied, or endeavoured to
ire;Jder doubtfL!, many valuable truths
which conflitute our happinef in a
nkre advanced age. While he meant


P R E F A C EI 9
to prune away the greedy branches that
S impeded the growth of the tree, he
has, though perhaps without intention,
wounded its very rocts. Whilft he
willies to aflifi Nature, he allows Na-
ture too much ; and where he thought
he found her defec-tive, he has not al-
wa's been blre to find the beft means
of Libpplying her defiC-ts. In a word,
young Enitlius is the child of Mr.
Roullkau's flncy, not the child of edu-
Neverthclefs, the following work -is
indebted to that of IMr. Roufleau for
the form it b,:ar,. Mr. Campe, the
author cf it, exprLit hine'-lf thus.: "I
never reaid the &il.,wiig paffage in the"
second voluIme Of ELiiiliuls without the
m u l: l[ 1 '2 h l ef I t I ,- . .. -
oil ln .ibl futi4cL+ 'on. .Nc!.in, upon
c.arth c.-,n be b well calculated to in,
Ipi-e one v .ith ardour in the execution
A5 of

10 P R E F A C E.
of a plan approved by fo great a ge- I
"6 Might there not be found means,"
Lays Rouffeau, to bring together fo
many leffons of inftrudion that lie fcat-
tered in fo many books ; to apply them
through a single objet of a familiar and
:not uncommon nature, capable of en-
gaging the imitation, as well as routing
S tnd fixing the attention even at fo ten-
tler an age ? If one could imagine a
situation, in which all the natural wants
of man appear in the cleareft light to
the underflanding of a child, and in
which the means of fatisfying thefe
wants unfold themselves fucceffively in
the fi'mc clear, eafy manner, the lively
and natural description of fuch a fate
fiotild be the firft means that I would
ufe to iet his imagination at work.
"I fee thine expand already, thou ar-

dent philosopher. But be not in pain;
we have found fuch a situation.. It is
dciribed, and no difparagement to your
talents, much better than you would
delfcribe it yourself, at leaft with more
truth and fnimplieity. Sincewe mufthave
books, there is one that ftrnifhes, in
my opinion, the beft imagined treatife
upon natural education that can pof-
fibly be. This book hall be the firft
that I will put into the hands of my
Erniilius; this fingly hall for a long
-imer compole his whole library, and
indeed hall always hold a diffingufifed
pl.ce there. It lhaUl e the text to:
which all ouri difcourfes upon natural
science hlill ferve as a commentary. It
flh.-ll be the criterion of our tafte and.
judgment; and, as long as thefe re-
main uncorrupted, the reading of it
will always be agreeable to us. Well,
A 6 t-cn,

12 PREF .A C .
then, what is this wonderful book? Is
it Ariftotle, Pliny, utlon.?-No: it
jis Robinfon Cruf '
"Robinifin Crui -e, a.lcne in-his island,
deprived of the aTift.nce of his- fellow
creatures, without tools of any fort,
yet providing for his fafety and fub.
fillercne, and even procuring himself a
fort of happinefs, prefents a fubje& in-
terefting to every age, and which there
might be a thoufand 'ways of making
agreeable to children. This you fee
realizes the ideal eircumftances of the
defert island, which I ufed at fi rifl as a
compari(bn. I grant, it is by no means
the fate of man as declined for fociety;

Mr. Rouilau is mistaken here. 'The Old Rc-
b. i: C',,"- h'i plenty of tools gnd infiruments, which
he f1ve. from ithe wreck of a'liip; whereas the New
*r....i/: C,.;,- has noth;ri, but liL head and his hands
to depirid Ui lbr his prefervation.
-" ~ nay,

P R E F A CE; 13
nay, probably Emilius might never ex-
perience fiuch a situation ; nevertheless,
it is that by which hlie Ihould etlimarte
the vJalue of every other condition in
life. The -irefl way to rife superior td
all prejudice, and to form our judg-
ment upon the true report of things,
is to plaie'ourlelves in the situation of a
Smain cut off? from all fbciety, and to
juiig-e of every thing as that man mut
n.aturially Juje, regard being had at the
firme time to his degree of utility
in the tPhere of exiftence.
SThis itory, cleared of all its unne-
cdlTyr rubbilh, beginning with Ro-
binfobn's king ihipivrecked upon> his
il]._mi, and ending\ with the arrival of
the vcl that takes liim away, 'hall be
b,-,th thZ am-iullement and inllruciion of
Emilius during the tender age that I
fp-ak of. I will have his head run

14 P R E F -A C E.
upon nothing elfe butRobinfonCrufoej
he uhall talk inceffantly about his caftle,
his goats, and his plantations. He
flaUll learn, not from books, but from
things, every single particular neceffary
to be known in fuch a cafe ; he (hall
imagine himfeifto be Robinfon Crufoe,
and drefs himfelf up in fkins, with a
great cap on his head, a broad fword
by his fide, and, in fhort, the whole of
the grotefque drefs and accoutrements
with which we generally fee Robinfon
Crulbe's picture represented, except the
umbrella, for he fall have no uccafion
for that. I will have him ftudy how
he should proceed if he happened to be
in want of this or that neceffary ; he
iliall examine his hero's conduct, and
try if he has left nothing undone, or if
he went the beft way to work about
wlhat he has done; he hall remark

P R E F A C E. I'
where he is wrong, and take care not
to fall into the fame miflake himfelf;
for you need not have the leaft doubt
but he will be for imitating Robinfon
in his whole plan. Nothing, indeed,
can be better calculated to pleafe the
imagination at that calm period of life,.
when, if our wants are fatisfied, and
our ad6ions unreflrained, we look no
farther for happiness.
What advantage may not an able
maltkr take of this romantic project in a
child! a project to which hlie himself has
given birth for the fake of the profitable
fruits that may be reaped from it. The
child, eer bury and eager to makeprovi-
fion for his island fettlement,willbemore
ready to learn than the maftler to teach.
Hlie will defire to know every thing that
is ufuful, ar.d nothing more; you will


6 P R E- FA C E.
have no occasion to fpur him on-
The exercile of the natural arts, for
which one mnan alone is i-fiecient, leads
to the invention of the arts of indufrry,
which require the co-operation of many
han d."
This pallahge from RouiTeau will ex-
plain, infinitely better than I can, tlhe
utility of a bu,.,k conpipAlJ upon fuich
a plan ; it now remains co be leen how
far Mr. Camnpe, the author of the bfol- work, has purfucd Mr. Routf'-
Iclau. idea.
The public is pretty gernerallyagrced
nor to depend on the report of tranflators
concerning the works \ which they tranlf-
late, eipcci..!!v if their judgment be
favourable to the oriiina : and I be-
lieve this cautitc:n is wCll founded; tor
SAit is no cin-,M,.ttcr to decide with im-

I' i

P R E F A C E. 17

partialitry where felf-opinion has equal
influence with juice in paffing the
Perhaps Come may not thinks I do
concerning this work of Mr. Campe's;
particularly, thofe who are fond of me-
taphyfical treatilebs upon education, will,
no doubt, be dilhppointed to find no-
thing in the New Robinfon Crufoe but
things that are ufeful, introduced in an
unaffcted manner, clearly expreffed and
demon rated without pedantry; they
will be fiurprilfed to fee children fpeak
like children, and their inftrudor af-
f'ume the Jim pie language of childhood,
in order to make himself underftood.
Tholb who are governed by the fpiritof
free thinking will find it ftrange that
religion is refl'peed and rendered re-
fpcdable in this work ; that God is re-
prelented as the mover of all things,


P K E F A C T.

and the principle to which all our ac,
tions shouldd be referred, as well as the
motives which determine them, andi
the fCntiments v.which gave them birth.i
Thefe are, no doubt, particularities.,
that may be remarked: nevcrthclct's, atI
this time of day, to think wiNely, we:
mull not always thinkwith philolbphers.,
The Old Robinfon Cruflbe," lays
Mr. Campe, in his Preface to the original;
of this work, independent of its other,
defedks, is erroneous ia one particular.u":
fiitiricient to defiroy every advantage that.i
this Hillorn, might produce, which is,'"
that Rubinifon Crufoe is provided with
al] forts of European tools and inllru..-
ments neceiTary to procure him many
of thofe conveniencies that belong tao
lociIty. Thus the opportunity is loft'
of affording the young reader a lively
fienfe both of the wants of man in a fate

P R E r A C E. 19
of iblitude, and the multiplied happi-
nefs of a social life; another important
realbn why I thought proper to depart
from the old HiflTorv of Robinfon
I have, therefore, divided the time
of mv New Robinfon Crufoe's remain-
ing upon the island into three periods.
In the firft he is all alone and deftlitute
of any European tool or inftrument
wr hatfbocver, afluiling himself merely by
his hands and invention ; in order to
lhe'.'v,on theone hand, howhelplefs man
is in a tflate of fblitude, and, on the
other, how much refledlion and perfe-
vering efforts can contribute to the im-
provement of our condition. In the
second period, I give him a companion,
on purpose to ihew how much a man's
situation may be bettered by taking even
this single lRep towards lbciety. Laftly,

20 P R 'E F A C -E.
in the t h ird period, a veffel from Europ6
is ihipwrecked on his island, and give|
him an opportunity thereby of proj
v'iding himfelf with tools and n-moi
other articles neceffary in common life'
in order that the young reader may feqe
how valuable many things are of which
x e are accuftomed to make very little
account, because we have never expe-
rienced the want of them."

Thus far the French Tranflator'si
Preface; which containing a very am-:
pie explanation of the plan and Icope
of the following work, there is little
neceflitv to offer any thing in additions
to what he has faid upon that 'ibbied'.j
It only remains for the Englifli Tranf-
lator to requeft the indulgence of the;
I PPublic,


P R E F A C 21
Public, on account of the deviations
which he has taken the liberty to make
from the original. Many paffages he
h a s found himnie If obliged either to omit
entirely', or to throw into a new form,
according as the difference of national
man ners and cha ra~fer seemed absolutely
to require it. He hopes, however, that
this liberty has never been ufed unlefs
under circumstances of unavoidable ne-
ceffity. For the external form of this
little work, it is but juft to obferve,
that no pains have been fpared to em-
bellifh it, and that the addition of 32
handfome cuts cannot fail of rendering
it at once more fprightly and intelligible
to the young reader, for whom it is in-
tended. In effect, thefe little prints
ferve admirably to afford the child a juft
conception of the remarkable paffages
in a work; and it may, perhaps, be

22 P R E F A C E.
affirmed, with truth, that no parts, ev4
of the moft interesting flories;, make|
fironger or more lafling imprellion d
the memory, than thofe which are th
Iilb.ic With thefe advantages, it is hope
the New Robinfon Crufoe will find ii
way to the studies of the younger claw
of both fexes, and afford them ut onc
both innocent entertainment and mon
inulr udion.





A F.NTLEMAN, of the name of
Billingfley, refided fome years ago at
T'i:-kenham, who, having a pretty large
famiily',, and but a moderate fortune, deter-
rr...:d to undertake himfelf the care of his
chilJren'b education. He proposed, by this, on the one hand, to avoid the enormous
expcnrce of keeping them at what are called
gcntrtl boarding-fchools, and, on the other,

+ iT H E NB EW
to enjoy the pleaing observation oC tiltr In-
S p ovemnnt in learning, 1'nfe, and good be.
haviour. To remark, with filenc buLt at
tentive eyes, the gradual advance of 1i'
children towards the perfection of reason an
virtue to aMflI, with his advice and in-
flruaion, their endeavours to become ioiS
L'arn..d, honell, and ,ile; and to have the :
happy conic-iouLlricb, that he should ona
day be confidered, what all parents o'uht1
as the infItrumCnt and caufe of his chlldrt n's
eternal welfare ; all this, he thought, %%ould1
L,: m.-ore than a 'fufficient reward for v% hatc\ve
cares and fatigue he hliould undergo in thE
courfe of their education.
He, therefore, laid down for them a re-.,
gular plan of Rludy, to which he afterards,
llritly adhered. In this was included a.
courlfe of reading; and fome book, that ,as.i
at once both iniftructive and entertai nig,.
afforded them amulfement every evening for"
two or three hours before fupper. But, as.
this excrcile was meant by their father Iblely
to encreal&' their fund of knowlcge, and


enlarge their underftanding, in order that
it might appear rather as a relaxation from
their clofer studies, than a labour impofed
on.them, Mr. Billingfley, in general, un-
dertook the tafk of reading himself. The
following Hiftory of the New Robinfon
Crufoe was, during forne weeks, the fub-
jeft of their evening's entertainment; an.d
was thus introduced.
Mr. and Mrs. Billingfley, being feated by
the parlour fire, together with Mr. Rofe and
Mr, Meredith, two intimate friends of the
family, and all the children, whofe names
will appear fucceflively in the courfe of the
ftory, being affembled in their proper
places, Mr. Billingfley began his relation
as follows :
Mfr. Bitlingfley. Well, my dear chil-
dren, I have a book for your entertainment
this evening that contains a very extraor-;
dinary ftory. Some parts of it will make
your hair land on end, and others will
perfe&ly delight you.
VOL. I. B George.

26 T H E N L \V
George. Ah but do r.out ktc it be ti.o me-
lancholy, papa.
Harriet. No, my d.-.r papa, n,,t too
melancholy; for then it v. ill nm.ic u, ill j y,,
you know.
Richard. Hold your t,,n, ,,'-. papa
knows what to read, I wai .irai \ Nou.
Mr. Bill. Do not be i,n--l, n-'y d&ars.
I will take care that ther-e Iliall nt bc alny
thing too tragical in it.
T'l-are lived in the to',.nr, o[f i:.C[Ltr a
perfon of the name of Crul..c, v,- ho fil low-
ed the profeffion of a biukcr. li- hliad
three fons, the eldeft of \, having
an inclination to ferve in the army, enrliiled
himfelf as a foldier, werEt abroa.. v ih his
regiment to Flanders, ar.d v-is killed at the
battle of Fontenoy.
The second entered the Univerfity of
Oxford, and made a confiderablc progirFs
in learning i but purfuing his ILudies \%ith
too much eagernefs, he in-'arircld hi aliha
beyond all poffibility of recovering, and
died of a confumption.

There remained, therefore, but the
youngest, whofe name was Robinfon. In
him, as he was now become their only fon,
Mr. and Mrs. Crufoe placed all their hopes
and expectations. They loved him as the
apple of their eye, but their love was blind
and injudicious.
Geo. What is the meaning of that, papa ?
Mr. Bill. I will tell you-your mother
and I love you all, my dear children, as
you well know; but for that very reafon we
keep you ciofe at your bufinefs every day,
and teach you many things both ufeful and
agreeable, because we know that to be the
beft way to make you good and happy.
But Robinfon's parents did not a&t in the
fame manner. They suffered their dear
child to do whatever he pleaded; and as this
dear child liked better to play than to work
or to learn any thing, they let him play al-
moft the whole day long, by which means he
learned little or nothing. Now this is what
we call -an injudicious love in parents.
Geo. I understand now, papa.
B Z' Mr.

I '
2 T H TE -N-RE W
Mr., Bill. Robinfon grew up a float
(tripling before his parents, had determined
what profeffion they should give him. His
father was defirous that he fliouldlearn lbme
trade, but the fon had not the leaft inciina-
tion that way. He faid he should like bet-
ter to travel, to fee the world, and become
acquainted with the. various objces and
cuftonos thatforeign countries afford.
,In speaking thus,, young .Crufoe fhewed
his ignorance and folly. ,If he had begun
by laying in, a good ftock of learning, it
would have .been another matter. But
,what profit could a raw, ignorant boy, like
S him, gain by feeing foreign countries, W l.en
a man wilhesto make his way)inthe v.orld,
be it in what country it-will, he-ought ro be
provided beforehand with a tolerable fhare
of knowledge; but this.was what Robinlbforn
never once thought of
,He was now feventeen years of age. The
greatest part of this time he had mifpent in .
Sfauntering about and playing in the streets
,of Exeter. Every day he was, teazing his


father for kave to go and travel. But his
fahcr told him that lie did not know his
own mind, nor -, hit lbrt of a requeft he was
making, and therefore would not hear a
word upon the -fuibje&ft. My dear child,"
his mother would fay to him, fltick to
your own country, and never think of ram-
One day--
Harriet. Aha now it begins.
" Edw. -Pfhaw! hold your tongue--,
Mr. Bill. One day, when, according to
cuftom, he wasflrolling about the ftreets, he
met one- of his old- playfellows, whofe fa-
ther was captain of; a Ihip trading to Am-
fterdamrn, and who had juft come down from
Plymouth to fee -fome of his relations that
lived at-Exeter.- Hetold Robinfon that he
was to fet off with his "father in a day or
two for Amfterdam. .
Charlotte. What, papa, by the ftage ?
Henry. No, Charlotte, but in a fhip;
for you muft crofs the fea to 0go to Amfier-
damrn. Well, papa.
MNr Bill. He aiked Robinfon ifhe should
B 3 like

like to go with him. "Yes, very v.-I," re-
plied he, but my parents will not con Cnc
to it." "Pooh "faid the other, come otif'
with me as you are,juft for the frolic. We
flhall be back again in a month or fix v.,:tks;
and as to your father and mother, wu h.-ve
only to let them know where you a! e gne."
" But," fays Robinfon, "c I have no mro-
ney in my pocket." You will nojc v.ant
any," replied his companion ; Uit ii \ou
should, when we arrive at Amfter.i.'nam, I'll
fupply you."
Young Crufoe hefitated a few moments,
as ifconfidering what resolution lhe ;I.ould
take ; at lafl, flapping his conF.a,,on s
hand, he cried, Agreed, my be',. I v.11
go along with you: let us fet off Li'is muo-1
mentfor Plymouth." At the fame timc he
commiffioned one of his acquaintranccs to
let his father know (after the expira.uiun of
a few hours), that he was only gone to fee
the city of Amfterdamr, in Holland, and
that he fhould be back in a week or tv, o.
Rich. I do not like this Mr. Robinibn


EBdw. Nor I neither.
Mr. Rofe. Why fo, Richard?
Rich. Becaufe he feems to make nothing
of leaving his father and mother without
their permiffion.
Mr. Re/'. You are extremely right,
Richard; he committed there a very rafh,,
foolifh afion, and we should pity him for
his folly. But, thank Heaven, there are
,not many young perfons now fo ignorant as
not to know. their duty towards their pa-
rents. -,-
Edw. What -I are there other boys,, then,*
like Robinfon Crufoe ?
Mr. 'Rofe. I have not yet found-any; but
one thing I know for certain, which is, that:
no good can ever come of ,young people
who behave like him ,
Rich. Well, let us hear what becomes of
Mr. ZBiUL A fihort -time "after Robinfon
and the captain's fon were got on board,
the failors weighed anchor and fet-their fails.
The wind blew frefh, and they cleared out
B5 I Of,

of the harbour, bidding adieu to Plymnou[h
for a fhort while. Young Crufoe W as upon
the deck with his friend, and almost out or
his wits with joy that he was at length going
to begin his travels.
The evening was fine, and the breeze
blew fo favourably, that they foon loitl fliht
of the town and harbour of Plymouth.
They were now on the open Lea, and Ro-
binfonftared with admiration when he IwV
nothing before him but the fky and ihe w.a-
ter. By degrees they began to lofe fight of
land, and as night came on, they could i'ce
nothing on that quarter but the EdJilTlone
iighthoufe. This alfo difappeared in a
Ihort time, and from that moment Robinl'un
faw nothing above him but the ikL,, nor
before, behind, and all .round him, biut he
Geo. That mufft be a profpe& !
Mr.,3,.c'ie'. It is not impoflible but you
may fee fuch a one before it be long.
Geo. Oh hall we go upon the fLa
AMr. Mered. If you will be very acrentirve

o 0 I Co R L I S E.
while ^o.o :' Zr nin eor.ap fo as to
know %liichi ." mudi t-.ike to go
from one place to another.
Mr. b'B. Yes, and if by working con-
flantly, and being temperate in your vic-
tuals, you make your bodies hardy enoughi
to bear the fatigue of fuch a voyage, we may,
perhaps, -fromrne dayin fu:,mer, take a boat
down the river as far as London,, where
fome of you have never been yet.
All the Children. Oh! oh !
Mr. Bill. I cannot tell but we may take
a trip to Margate for a few weeks, where
you will have as wide a profpel of the fea
as Robinfon Crufoe had when he was failing
out of Plymouth harbour. (Here they, all get
up and run about their father. They hang
en his neck, his arms, and his knees, ex-
prefing their joy with carefes, clapping of
hands, and jumping about.)
Harriet. Will you let me make one of
the party ?
Mrs. Bill. Yes, my dear, if you are able
to go fo far.

B 6


34 T H E N E W.
IHarriet. But it is very far, is not it, pa-
pa ? Perhaps farther than Richmond, where
Mr. Compton lives, and another genthI -
man that has a great houfe and a large gar-
den-oh! fo large! a great deal larger than
our garden. I was all through it, was not
J,papa? the day that Charlotte and I %\cre r
gathering cowflips in the meadow.
Mr. Bill. Yes, I remember, ard we were
looking at the folks plowing.
Harriet. Yes, and we went into a lftnith's
forge that was by the road's fide.
Mr. Bill. And afterwards up into a wind-
Harriet. Ah, yes, where the wind blew
off my bonnet.
Mr. Bill. Which the miller's bo% brought
back to you again.
IIar, c'.'. That was a good boy; was not
he, papa ?
Mr. Bill. Yes, he was a good boy for
being fo obliging as to do us a kindness, '
though he had never feen us before.

Ha-rriet. However, you gave him fome-
thing, I fuppofe.
-WMr. Bill. Certainly, my dear, I gave
him something; for every one likes to re-
ward thofe that are obliging-But we for-
getRobinfon Crufoe. We muff make hafte
to overtake him, or elfe we fall lofe fight
of him, for he is going at a furious rate.
For two days they had c9nftantly good
weather, and a favourable wind. The
third day the fky was darkened with clouds,
the wind blew with uncommon violence,
and the air grew every moment darker and
In fhort, it was a dreadful ftorm. At
one time the lightning flafhtbed as if the iky
was on fire ; then fucceeded a pitch dark-
nefs, like that of midnight, with claps of
thunder which they thought would never
end. The rain came down in floods, and
the violence of the wind toffed the fea about
in fuch a manner that the waves fwelled and
rofe mountain high.
Then it would have been worth while to

feehow the ffhip went fee-faw. One time a
large wave carried it, as it were, up lu Ehe#
clouds ; another time it dipped dov. n as if
it was going to the bottom of the d I-p ;V
then it rolled to one fide and the oth .r, and4m
lay down fo flat that at times its very walls
feemcd to touch the water.
What a noife was amongft the rupes1
what a clattering upon the deck! 'I he
failors were obliged, each of them, 1o hold
faft to something or other for fear of bcingli
wafhed overboard. Robinfon Crufue, who.
had never been aceuftomed to all this, grew
giddy, felt a ficknefs at his ftomaich, and
was fo bad that he thought he should hav e
vomited to death. Tie-y call it ft.a-lick-
Rich. That is what he has ga-nLd by'
running away.
Mr. Bill. "c Oh my poor parents rnvy
poor father and mother!" cried he in,.c-
fandtly; they will never fee me more!
Oh miferable fool that I am to have brought
this affliction on them!"
Crack !

ROB I N SON C R sO 0 r.
Crack went oimeching on the d-ck.
< Heaven have mercy oni us '!" cried thie tail-
ors, turning as pale as death, and clafping
their hands together. "What is the matter ?"
afked Robinfon, who was half-dead with
Ah we are all loft !" anfwered one of
the feamen ; the lightning has fhivered
our mizen-maft to pieces," (that is, the
hindmoft of the three mafts that are in a
Shipp) and the main-maft ftlands by fo
lender a hold that we muft cut it down and
throw it overboard."
"We are all loft 1" cried out another voice
from below; the fhip has fprung a leak,
and there are four feet water in the hold."
At thefe words Robinfon, who was fitting
down on the cabin floor, fell backwards
void of fenfe and motion. All the reft ran to
the pumps, in order, if poffible, to keep the
veffel afloat. At laft, one of the failors came
and hook Robinfonri by the shoulder, aifk-
ing him if he intended to be the only one
who would do nothing for the prefervation

g8 ,. T -H E N r..
of-the fhip, but lie theie iretch-J at hit
length while all the reft of the people work|
ed until they were not able to ftand.
He tried, therefore, to rife, weak as he
was, and took his place at one of th
pumps. In the mean time the capai.i or,
dered fome guns to be fired as a L-.nal o(
diftrefs to other hips, if there should hap-
pen to be any within hearing capable of af-.
fiftingthem. IL'bi;,fnon, who did rnot kniwB
the meaning ofth i-c i',..t.:, thought :h: vetire
was fplitting in pieces, and .fainted aUav.y
again. One of'the sailors, who touok his
place at the pump, pufhied him on one fide
with -his foot, and left him there Rrt:c-Ved
at full length, imagining that he wa2 tead..
They pumped with all their flre-.-iil ;
neverthelefs the water frill gained upor; ii- ln
in the hold, and now they only Wiaict.J fur
the moment when the veffei wouii ;:iik.
In order to lighten her, they threw o'.'er-
board everything that they could poilblvy
(jare, as the guns, bales of good;, hi',i-

\iead., &c. Bu all that wvas of no man-
ner of i'ervN:ce.C.
However, another fhip ha,.l heard their
signals of diftrefs, and,.as the form began
about this time to abate confiderabjy, ven-
tured to fend out her boat, in order, ifpoffi-
ble, to fave the crew. But the boat could not
come near, the waves running too high.
- At length, however, they came near enough
to throw a rope to the people who were on
board, by means of which they towed the
boat clofe under the fhip's ftern, and then
every one who could make ufe of his legs
eagerly jumped into it. Robinfon, who
could not ftand.,upon his, was tumbled in
haffily by fome of the feamen more corn-
paffionate than the reft.
They had hardly rowed many minutes, be-
fore the fhip, which was fill pretty near
them, funk before their eyes. Happily
the form was now almoft totally abated,
otherwise the waves would inevitably have
fwallowed up the boat, which was then as
fult of.people as :it could hold. After ma-

40 T H E NEW
ny dangers it got fafe at length to the hip
where they were all taken in.
Geo. Ah well, I am glad, how.\,:r, thli
the poor people were not drowned.
Edw. I was fadly in pain for them.
Harriet. Well, this will teach ii
Robinfon never to be fo naughty aa.i'.
Mrs. Bill. That is j'uflt my opi.-i;n to
Let us hope that he will be the bct:;r fI'
this danger.
Henry. Well, what became of him a.
ter P
Mr. Bill. The fhip that had talen hir
and thereft of the crew in, was hound t
London. In four days flhe arrivwd at th
Nore, and the n.::t day came to aiiiclor i
the river.
C,'.:^.'-. What is the Nore, pia ?
Mi*. Bill. The Nore is a fmall fand
bank at the mouth of the Thare,_. where
a veffel is constantly fRationed, which ha1g'
up two lights every night to be a: guide t r
hips that enter the river. '
They now landed, and happy was eadc

ene to have thus elicaped the dangers of tihe
jei. As to Robini'cim, his firil care %\as to le
London, and tir this purple he Ipent a
day or two in rambling all over the city,
where he met with fuch a variety of new ob-
jets as entirely put the remembrance of paft
dangers out of his head, as well as all
thoughts of the future. Happening one
day to meet the captain with whom he had
fet fail from Plymouth, he received an in-
vitation to dine with him, which was very
Agreeable to Robinfon, as he had fpent
what little money he had borrowed from the
captain's fon, and his pocket now was not
able to afford him a tingle meal. At din-
ner the captain afked him what particular
motive he had for going to Amfterdam, and
what he intended to have done there. Ro-
binfon anfwered him frankly, that he had
nothing in view but his amufement; that
he had come off unknown to his father and
mother, and at prefent did not know what
to do with himfelf.
Unknown to your father and mother !"

42- T-H E N: W'
cried the captain, laying down his khi
and fork: Good heavens why- did not
know, thac before ? Believe me, imp
dent young marn,- if I had known blo mu
at Plymouth, I would not have taken yc
Son board of my fhip, if you_ had offered e
a million of moneyy"
Robinfon fat with down-caft eyes bluft
ing for Ihame, and unable to anf% er a fi4
gle word.
The honeft captain continued to repreferd
to, bhimn the folly that he, had been guilty 1
and told him that he could never be happy(
unlefs he repented of what head done
and obtained forgivenefs of his parents. !
thefe words Robinfon wept bitterly'.
"' But what .can, I do now?" cried li
at length, fobbing heavily. What can yA
do ?" faid. the.captain :. Return to yoml
parents, fall on your knees before them
and, like a fenfible and dutiful lad, inmplq
their pardon for your imprudence: that f!
what you can do, and what you ought a


Harriet. Ah, papa, I like this captain
n1uch ; he was a very good-man.
Mr. Bill., My dgar, he did' what every
-one ought to do when he fees his fellow-
S-creature fall into an error, he endeavoured
to bring this young" man back to his duty.
Will you take me with you to Ply-
mouth again ?" faid Robinfon.
SWho, I ?" faid the captain: ,, Have
you forgot, then, that .my'fhip is loft? It
may be a considerable time before I return
there in a fhip of my own : but as for you,
there is not a moment to lofe;- you should
go aboard of~the very firft veffel that fails
for Plymouth, if it were even to-day.
SBut," fays Robinfon, I have no mo&
Well," faid the honeft captain, I
will lend you a couple of guineas out of the
little that I have to fpare. Go down to
the river, and get aboard of fome vefTel that
is bound for Plymouth, unlefs you rather
chufe to travel by land. If your repen-
tance is fincere, God will blefs your return,

44 T H E N E W
and make it happier than your outkt hh
been." With thefe words, haI ing mAr
an end of dinner, he hook Robinlbn
the hand, and wished him a good oyag
who parted from him with many thanks f
hiskindnefs and good advice.
Edw. What, is he going back hon0
again already ? I thought the lory wa
only beginning.
Mrs. Bill. Are not you fatisfied, then'
my dear Edward, that he should Lo hom
to his parents, and put an end to the Ibrro
and diftrefs that they fuffer on his account
Mr. Mered. And are you not plekaied t
find that he fees his error, and is willing t
make amends for it? .
Edw. Yes-that-to be fire. But
thought to hear something diverting befbr
it came to that. r
Mr. Bill. Well, he is not returned hom f
yet. Let us hear the remainder ofhis ad-
ventures. t
While he was. walking down towards the.
river, his head was filled with various re--.

o 1 N Z'' S 0 E. 45
flnc-tion. ," What %l! mry father and mo-
her avy," thought he to himfelf, if I
go back to ciemr now ? Certainly they will
'punifh me for what I have done. And then
all my companions, and every one elfe that
hears of it, what game they will make of
me for returning fo foon, after feeing only
two or three streets of London !"
This thought made him ftop fhort. One.
moment he seemed determined not to go
home yet; again, he reflected on what the
captain had told him, that he would never
be happy unlefs he returned to his parents.
For a long time he was at a lofs what to re-
folve on. At length, however, he went
down to the river; but there he learned, to
his great fatisfa&ion, that there was not a
single veffel in the river bound for Ply-
mouth. The perfon who gave him this in-
formation was a captain of a fhip in the
African trade, who was Jhortly to fet fail for
the coati of Guinea.
Charlotte. Where is the coaft of Guinea,
papa ?
Mr. Bill.

46 T H E N E W
Mr. Bill. Henry can tell you that;
knows where it- lies. '
Henry. Don't you remember there is
country called Africa? Very well one par
of the coaft--
Charlotte. Coaft! What is that ?
Henry. The land that lies along by th
fea-fide. Hold, here's Fenning's Geogra
phy : look at this little map. All this par
of Africa that turns down here is called th
Coaft of Guinea.
Mr. Bill. And Englifh hips fail to thi.
coaft in order to trade there. The perfo
who fpoke with Robinfon was captain o
one of thofe fhips.
When he found that the young man had
fo eager a defire for travelling, and woul
have been forry to return fo foon to PlyI
mouth, he proposed to him to take a trip to
the-Coaftof Guinea. Robinfon at firat was
flartled at the idea : but when the captainl
affured him that the voyage would be ex-
ceeding pleafant; that, fo far from coffing
him any thing, it might turn out a very


.OT I NSO N C R L S 0 oE. 47
profitable adventure. Robinfbn's eves be
San to park ile, and his pfamion br r raveil in
revived in his breaft with fuch force tha--
he immediately forgot every advice which
the honeft Plymouth captain had given
Shim, and all the good refolutions that he
himnifelf had taken but fo fhort a time before.
S But," faid he, after considering a
while within himfelf, "c I have only two
guineas in the world; what ufe can I make
offo fmall a fum in trading at the place that
you mention ?"
I will lend you five more," faid the
captain; that will be quite sufficient to
purchase you goods, which, if we have but
tolerable fuccefs, may make your fortune."
And what fort of goods muft I pur-
chafe ?" faid Robinfon.
All forts of toys and playthings," an-
fwered the captain; glafs, beads, knives,
fciffars, hatchets, ribbands, guns, &c. of
which the negroes of Africa are fo fond that
they will give you a hundred times the va-
lue in gold, ivory, and other things."
VoL. I. C Robnu-n

.4f _T H E WNE W
Robinfon was not able to contain 1.imrnf'el
for joy. He forgot, at once, his parents,..
friends, and country, ,1 Captain," 11id he,
" I am willing to go along with ) ou when-
you pleafe."
SAgreed 1" replied the other, taking
him by the hand, and thus the n-.-tter was
Rich. Well, now it is all over; I fliall ne-
ver have the leaf'c pity any more for fuch a
blockhead as Robinfon, whatever rnisfor-
tunes may happen to him.
Mr. Bill. No pity, Richard ?
Rich. No, papa: why is he fu:h a fool
as to forget a second time his duty to hisB
parents? Providence, no doubt, v.'ill pu-.:
nifh him afrefh for it.
Mr. Bill. And do you think that a man:
deferves no pity who is unfortunate ,noughl
to forget his parents, and to dr--:.v down
upon himself the chaftifement of Heaven ?'
I grant himrnfelf the caufe of every L ,ingc
that happens to him; but is not he for that]
very reafon fo much the more unuforunate ?J
Oh I1

Oh! my dear child, may Heaven pre-
feite jou and every one of us from that
moft terrible of all punilhments, to feel that
we alone have caufed our own wretchednefs !
But whenever we hear'of fuch an unfortu-
nate perfon, we should consider that he is
our brother, our poor deluded brother; we
T should flied over him tears of compafiorin,
and offer up to Heaven the prayers of bro-
therly love in his behalf.
All were filent for a few moments; after
which Mr. Billingfley continued in the fol-
lowing words:
Robinfon made hafte to lay out his fe-
yen guineas. He purchased with them
fuch articles as the captain had mentioned
to him, and had them carried on board.
After fome days, the wind being favour-
able, the captain weighed anchor, and they
fet fail.
Henry. What courfe should they hold to
arrive at Guinea ?
Mr. Bill. Here, you have Fenning's
Geography : I fhouldthink you cannot be at
C !I alofs-

,50 -TH E N IVW
.a lofs to know, as you pointed out to your
fifter the Coaft of Guinea juft now. How-
.ever, I will fhew you their courfe. You fIte,
from London here they go down the
Thames, and come into the Downs. At-.
.terv.jarJs th[y fteer Weft, through the Biitifh
.Channel, and enter the great Atlantic?
Ocean, in which they continue their courfe
hJiere clofe by the Canary Iflands, and l; pafti
the Cape Verd Iflands, until at 1l-t they
land hereabouts on the Coaft of G u 1n 1 a.
Heary. But at what particular Cfpot u\ill
they land ?
Mr. Bill. Perhaps there, near Cape Coaft:
Mrs. Bill. Well, now I think it is high.
time for us to fet fail towards the land of,
.fupper. What think ye, children ?
Geo. I am not the leaft hungry, mania.
Harriet. And I would rather hear the
flory too.
Mr. Bill. To-morrow, my dears, to-
niorrow evening we hall have thi retl of:
.Robinfon's adventures. At prefent we will :.
put him by and prepare for fupper.


TH E next evening the whole company
having taken their places as before,
SM!r. Billingfley continued his ftory in the
following terms:
Robinfon's second voyage began as fa-
vourably as the firft. They had already
cleared the Channel without any accident,
and were now in the middle of the Atlantic
Ocean: here they met with fuch contrary
winds for federal days fucceffively, that
they found themselves driven a considerable
way towards the coaft of America.
Here, my dear children, I have brought
you a large map, which will fhew you
much better than a fmnall one the courfe
which the fhip should have held, and that
which the wind obliged her to take. They
wanted to fleer down all along this way, fo;
but because they had a fide wind from that
quarter, they were driven, in fpite of them-
felves, towards this part, where you fee
C 3 America

5T .T H E N E W
America lie. I will lay it down Icr- on
the table that we may all caft our eycb upon
it whenever there is occafion.
One evening the fteerfman declared that I
he faw afire at a great distance, and rlac he
heard the firing of guns from the fame q uar-
ter. All hands immediately haftenrd up-
on deck, where they both faw the fire and :
could difinLitly hear the report of fI-veral
guns. The captain examined his maps,
and found there was no land on that quar-
ter within the difiance ofa hundred cages;
and they all unanimously concludedJ ciat
what they faw could be nothing die but
a fhip on fire.
It was immediately refolved to affift the
vefrel in diftrefs, and they accordingIy fleer-
ed that way. In a very fliort time their
conjeabures were verified; for the;" beheld
a large fhip all inflames, and burning with
the greateft fury.
The captain inflantly ordered five guns
to be fired as a fignal to the poor people
who were on board the burning fhip, that


help at hand. Scarcely was this order
rut in execution, before they faw, with ter-
ror anl allonlihment, the (hip which had
been on fire blow up with a dreadful explo-
fion; and immediately after every thing
funk, and the fire was feen no more. It is
to be obferved, that the flames had, at length,
reached the powder room, and this+ was the
Scaufe of the fhip's blowing up.
Nobody could tell as yet what was be-
come of the poor people belonging to her.
There was a poffibility that they might-
have taken to their boats before the vc &l.
blew up ; for which reafon the captain con-
tinued firing guns the whole night, in or-
der to inform them on what quarter the fhip
was that defired to affift them. He alfo
ordered all the lanterns to be hung out1
that they might have a chance of feeing the
fhip in the night time. I:
At break of day they discovered,. by.
means of their gaffes, two boats full,of
people, toffling about at the mercy of the
waves. They could perceive that the
C 5 wind

54 T H E N E W
wind was against them, but that they rowed
with all their force towards the fhip. Im- .
immediately the captain ordered the colours
to be hoifted as a final that he law their
diftrefs, and was ready to relieve them. At
the fame time the fhip made all the fail pof-
fible towards them, and in the fpace of half
an hour happily came up with them. '
There were fixty in the boats, men, wo-
men, and children, who were all taken on
board. It was an affeding fcene to behold
the actions of thefe poor people when they
faw themselves fo happily delivered. Some
fobbed and wept for joy, others Jamenred .
as if their danger was butjuft begun ; Ibmne
jumped about upon the deck as if they had '
loft their wits, others were wringing their
hands, and as pale as death; fcvcral of
them were laughing like mad people, and
danced and shouted forjoy; others, on the
contrary, food ftock-ftill as if fpLechlo -
and infenfible, and could not utter a tingle
Sometimes one or two amongft them fell

on their knees, lit-ed up their hands to Hea-
ven, and %ith[ a loud \oicce returned thanks
to God, who!e providence had fo miracu-
kntiiyl laved them from perishing.
Some of them again would ftart up, dance
about like children, tear their cloaths, cry
and fall down in fainting fits, from which
they could with difficulty be recovered.
S There was none of the fhip's crew, though
ever fo hardened, that could help fhledding
tears at the fight of thefe poor people's ex-
travagant behaviour.
Among them happened to be a young
prieft, who afted with more firmnefs and
dignity than any of the reft. As foon as
he fet his foot upon the deck, he fell upon
his face, and seemed to have loft all fenfe
and motion. The captain went to affift
him, thinking that he had fwooned away;
but the clergyman calmly thanked him for
his good-nature, and faid,," Allow me firft
to return thanks to my Creator for our de-
hiverance; I will afterwards endeavour to
ffihew you how lively a fenfe I entertain of
C 6 your

56 T H E N E W
your extreme kindnefs to us." Upon this
the captain politely withdrew.
The priest remained a few minutes in this
pofture of humble proftration ; after which,
rising cheerfully, he went to the captain to
teffify his gratitude to him for the civility
that he had fhewn to him and his people. |^
This done, he turned to his companions in
misfortune, and faid, My dear friends,
-calm the agitation of your minds. The ;
Being who is fupremely good, hath vouch-
fafed to ftretch out a father's hand over you.
You should lift up your hearts to him, and
thank him without delay for the unexpeCted
prefervation of your lives." There were
several of them who ated in conformity to
his exhortations, and immediately began to
return thanks to Heaven with fervour and
After this the prieft gave the captain an
account who they were, and what had hap-
pened to them.
The fhip that was burnt was a large
French merchantman, bound for Quebec
--'Hre, -

..-Here, you lee ; this fpot in America-
The fire broke out in the lIill room, and
burned %ith fuch rapidity as baffled all
their endeavours to l1op it. They had
barely time to fire fome guns as fignals of
their diftrefs, and then to take to their boats,
uncertain of the deftiny that awaited them.
The moft likely profpe& before them in
that moment of horror was, that, upon the
leaft fwell of the fea, the waves would fwal-
low up them and their boats, or elfe that
they muft perifh with hunger, as they had
been able to fave nothing from the fhip
on fire but a fmall quantity of bifcuit and
water, sufficient for a few days.
Charlotte. What occafion had they to
carry water with them ? They were on the
Mr. Bill. You forget, my dear Char-
lotte, that the water of the fea is fault and un-
fit for drinking.
Charlotte. So, fo!
Mr. Bill. In this diftrefsful situation they.
heard the guns that were fired by the Eng-

5 THE- N B W
lifh fhip, and foon after obfervt-J the light
of their lanterns. They paffed all that:
long and difmal night between hope and
fear, exerting all their ftrength to git to the.
ihip, but continually driven ba':k by th B
winds and waves. At length, hov.'vcr, th,
long-wifhed-for appearance of d&. put
end to their diftrefs.
Robinfon all this time had been fi':iL d with:
the moit dreadful reflections. Hta.iens !'.H
faid he to himfelf, if thefe people, a. nongfkt,
Whom there are certainly many gu'..J and:
devout perfons, have fuffered fo zreac dif-.'
trefs, what muft not I expe&, %%lo have.
a&ed with fo much ingratitude to'. .irds my.
poor parents !" This thought lay Kia% y at
his heart. Pale and filent, like one v.hofeB
confcience is not good, he fat in a cornL'r,
with his bands clafped together, ard 1i'Carce-'
ly daring even to pray, because he tU'iad"
left God would have no regard to his
The people who were faved From the
boats, and were aloft exhaufted v.ith fa-

tigue, had now taken fome refrefhiment,
when their captain, holding a large purfe
full of money in his hand, came up to the
Ihip's captain, and told him that whatever
money they had been able to fave from
their fhip was in that purfe, which he begged
him to accept as a flight mark of the gra-
titude which they all entertained towards
him for the prefervation of their lives.
1 God forbid," anfwered the captain,
(' that I fliould accept your offers I have
done no more than humanity required of
me, and I am convinced that you would
have done the fame thing if you had been
in our place, and we in yours."
In vaih did the Frenchman prefs him to
accept the purfe ; the captain perfifted in
refusing it, and begged him to fay no more
about it.-It was now debated where they
fliould land the people that had been faved.
To carry them to Guinea did not appear ad-
vifeable for two reafons. In the firft place,
why fho*ld thofe poor people be obliged
to make fo long a voyage to a country

6o T- H E N E W
Nxhere.,hev had not the leaR bufinefs in the-
world ? And besides there were not provi-'.
fions enough aboard for fo many people to
hold out until they fhould arrive at GLJinea.
At length the captain geneluuflv relulvet
to go a hundred leagues out ot his v...v foir
the fake of thefe poor people, and to carry
them to Newfoundland, hire rlcv mnigh
have an opportunity of returning to France
in fome of the fhips employed in the cod
Harriet. What is that ?
Rich. Do not you remember !hat papa
has told us about the cod Fli ; how they
come down from the North te-is to the very"
banks of Newfoundland, helwre people fifh
for them and catch them in fiuch quantities ?'
Harriet. Oh, yes! now 1 recullt-ct.
Rich. Look here on the nap : this inS
Newfoundland up here, near to Animcrica,
and thofe dotted fpots are the b.;'k v, ilicre
they fifh for the cod.
Mr. Bill. To Newfoundian., therctbre,
they bent their courfe and it ha .pp ned

R O B I N S O N CR U SOE. 61
to be Lhe ni-,di'e of the fishing feafon, they
found IcVtr:l French veffels there, which
took on boird the Fople of the fhip that
had blo'j n up. Thc ir gratitude to the Eng-
lilh captain toogreat to be expreffed in
As lie had now, therefore, condu&ed
them to fhips of their own nation, he return-
ed with a Favourable %%ind, in order to con-
tinue his own voyage to the Coaft of Gui-
nei. The Ihip cut the waves with the
fwilInel's of a bird that wings its airy way
,l,.iu.l, ,,lip fkLes, and in a fhort time they
had failed obme hundred leagues. This
was what Robinfon Crufoe liked; things
never could go too faft for him, as he was
of a reftlefs, unfettled difpofition.
Their courfe now was mostly directed to
the Southward. One day as they were fleer-
ing in that diredion, they perceived a large
fliijj making up towards them. Prefently
after they heard them fire fome guns of
diftrefs, and could difcern that they had loft
their foremrnaft and their bowfprit.

Edw. Bowfprit? What is that ?
Mr. Bill. Why, furely, you c.linot ha
forgot what that is.
Edw. Ah right! Jt is a little r.-rt th
does not ftand straight up like i.- rit, bi
comes out floping, fo, from the t6r,:-p irt
the fhip. ;
Mr. Bill. Very well. They the
courfe towards the fhip that wa, 'n JiLIre
and when they were within hear .-, oC cact
other, the people aboard of her cried out
For Heaven's fake have comp a Ti in on us
andfave our lives We are at tL:, Idl e.,--
mity, aad muff perinfh it you do not reliev
The captain, therefore, afk what confifted their diftrefs I\ iLn one e
their number anfwered thus:
We are Englifhmen, bound tor t
French Ifland of Martinico"--SL e, ci',ildren,
here it lies in the Weft -IndV-" We
took in a cargo of coffee there; and x1 hi14
we were lying at anchor, a-.d jutl re,-;
dy to depart, our captain and maitc, with

rola of the f11 ,p's cre'.v, v.ent ashore one
day o .,t in a ftL%' tiinc. for the Ihip's
r. in lhuir ablence, there arofe fo
violent a form that our cable was broke,
and we were driven out from the harbour
into the open fea. The hurricane"-
Geo. What is that, papa ?
Mr. Bill. It is a kind of whirlwind occa-
fioned by many winds blowing from diffe-
rent quarters, one against the other.--
The hurricane," continued he, blew
furioufly three days and three nights. We
loft our mafts, and were driven fome
hundreds of leagues out to fea. Unfortu-
nately we are moft of us paffengers, with
but one feaman and a boy or two on
board to work the fhip ; fo that for nine
weeks we have been driven about at the mer-
cy of the winds and waves: all our provi-
fions are gone, and many of us are, at this
moment, dying with hunger."
Immediately the good captain ordered
out his boat, took romie provisions, and went

64' T HE NEW
aboard the fhip, accompanied by Roh
fon Crufoe.
They found the crew reduced to
moft deplorable condition poffible: tE
all looked as if they were ftarved, and m'
of them could hardly fland. But %hen t
went into the cabin-Heavens! what;)
Shocking fpeaacle they beheld! A M"
their, with her fon and a young maid Fervad
were stretched on the floor, and, to all a:
pearance, ftarved to death. The mother"
already quite fliff, was fitting on the group
between two chairs tied together, with h'I
face leaning againft one of the planks oftl'
Nhip's fide. The maid fervant i as lIrctchi
at her length beside her miftrle i, and ha
one of her arms clafped round the fbot
the table. As to the young man, lie w
laid upon a bed, and had fill in his nmou
a piece of a leather glove, of Alhich he ha
gnawed away the greatest part.-B
Harriet. Oh papa, what a Ihocking ace
count this is .tl

g,'. B:.. Right,-I had fiorgot thatyou
did not wilh to hear any thing melancholy.
Well, then, I %ill pal's by this l1ory.
Ja'!. Oh no Ohi no Dear papa, let us
have the v. liole ot tr now.
Mr. Bill. As you please. I mufft tell
you then, in the firft place, who thefe poor
people were that lay firetched in this deplo-
rable manner.
They were coming paffengers in this Ihip
from America to England. The whole
crew faid that they were very worthy peo-
.ple. The mother was fo remarkably fond
.of her fon, that the refufed all manner of
nourifihment purpofely that her fon might
have something to eat, and this excellent
young man had done the fame thing, in or-
der to referve every thing for his mother.
The faithful maid fervant was more con-
cerned for her master and miftrefs than for
SThey were thought to be dead, all
three, but, on examination, appeared to
have fome remains of life ; for, after a few

1 I
66 T H N E W
drops of broth had been forced into
mouths, they began, by degrees, to
their eyes. But the mother was now
weak to fwallow any thing; and fhe n
figns that they should confne their att
tions to her fon. In effe&, fhe expired
few minutes after.
The other two were brought to the"
felves by the force of cordials, and as t
were in the flower of their age, the captain
by his attentive care, fucceeded in reltori
them to life. But when the young mi
turned his eyes upon his. mother, and C
that fhe was dead, the hock made him i
again into a fwoon, from which ir was N
difficult to recover him. Ho'.. ever,
were fortunate enough to bring him to
fenfes again, and he was, in a ihort tir
perfectly re-eflablifhed; as allb the fe
vant maid.
The captain furnished the fhip in di
trefs with all the provisions that he could
poffibly fpare: he ordered his carpenter t]
put up mafts for them in the room of thoff


o 0 r ON e It 1 so E. 67
that had been broken, and gave the crew
proper iniiu.i,':,ns t-vr conveying them-
fdvs to the nearef land, which was that of
the Madeira I1]nL's. He bent his courfe
thither alfo, on purpofe to take in more pro..
One of thefe iflands, you know, is call-
ed Madeira, from which the reft take their
Henry. Yes, I know it; they belong to
the Portuguefe.
Rich. From them the fine Madeira wine
comes: does it not?
Geo. And the fugar canes.
Mr. Bill. The fame. At this ifland the
captain caft anchor ; and Robinfon went
afhore with him in the afternoon.
He could never fufficiently admire the
beautiful profpet which this fertile ifle af-
fords. As far as his eyes could fee, the
mountains were all covered with vines.
How his mouth watered at the fight of the
delicious grapes that hung on them! and
how did he regale himfelfwhen the captain

69 T H E N E W
paid for him that he might have leave t
eat his fill!
They underflood from thofe who wer
in the vineyards, that in making wine th
did not prefs the grapes here in a wine prefS
as they do in other countries.
Geo. How then ?
Air. Bi.7. They) tumble the grapes into
large tub, and then tread upon them wi
their feet, or bruife them with their elbow
Harriet. Oh fie! I lhiall not like to drink
Madeira % ine for the 'uture.
Riih. Now I should not like to drink i
if it were even made with the nine prefs. j
C.a'oltle. Why ?
R':h. Ah yeu were not here when pa
pa flkued us that wine is not good for
young people. If you were to know all th
harm that it can do them !
Cl.'ar'"l Is he in earnrd, papa ?
Ab'. Bii. Yes, my dear; nothin_. can be
more true. Children that drink vwine 'or
other ltrong liquors often, become wealk
and filly.


Charklte. f


Ckar!otte. Gracious! I'll never drink
wine any more.
Mr. Biil'. You will a& very wifely, my
As the captain was obliged to ftop here
fomrne time to repair his ihip which had re-
ceived a little damage, poor Robinfon, at
the end of a few days, began to grow tired
of his situation. His reftlefs temper want-
ed tfome change, and he wiflied to have
wings that he might fly all over the world
in as fort a time as poffible.
Jufft at this interval arrived a Portuguefe
liip that came from Lifbon, and was bound
for Brazil, in South America.
Henry (pointing to the map). Is it not
this country here, belonging to the Portu-
guefe, and where fo much gold-duft and pre-
cious ftones are found ?
Mr. Bill. The very fame.
Robinfon got acquainted with the cap-
tain of this ihip, and hearing him talk of
gold-duft: and precious flones, he would
have given the world to make a voyage to
VOL. I. D Brazil,

-70 T Kg WE^|B
Brazil, where he thought he fliould fill hi
pockets with diamonds.
Edw. He did not know, I fuppofe, tha
in that country nobody dares to gather gol
duft or precious ffones, which are the fo
property of theliffig of Portugal.
Mr. Bill. Arnd the reafon that he did no,
Know was, becaufewhen he was young i-
ould never learn any thing.
Finding, therefore, that the Porrugue
captain was difpofed to take him along wit!
+him as one of his crew, and tha: the En
lifh fhip would be obliged to ftop at le
a fortnight longer, he could not rcfift hi
defire of rambling. He, therefore, told hi'
good friend, the Englith captain, biuntid
:that .he was going to leave himn, and ti
uke a voyage toBrazil. The captain, wt.
had learned from Robinfon hin:feli, a 'ho
time before, that he was rambling ihus about
the world without the knowledge or confent
of his parents, was glad to get rid of him.,
He agreed to take Robinfon's venture,
which confifted of toys and hardware, fotr

the money that he had lent him in England,
and gave him besides all manner of good
Robinlbn, therefore, went aboard the
poruguele; and now behold him failing
for Brazil. They paffed pretty near the
island of Teneriff.
Harriet. Where that high mountain is
to be feen, called the Peak of Teneriff,
eh, papa?
Rich. Aye, aye, don't interrupt.
Mr. Bill It was an admirable profpe&,
even long after fun-fet in the evening, when
all the fea was covered with gloomy dark-
nefs, to fee the top of that mountain, one
S of the highefi in the whole world, fhine
with the rays of the fun as if it had been
all on fire.
Some days after theyfaw another fight upon
the fea, which was very agreeable. A large
number of flying fifhies rofe upon the fur-
face of the water. They gliftened like po.
liffied filver, fo that they threw forth a strong
light from their bodies, as it were in rays.
D 2 Charlotte.

72 T H E N E W%
Charlotte. What, are there fifhes thd
JRy ?
Mr. Bill. Tes, Charlotte; and I think
on a certain day, you and 1 law one.
Geo. Ah, yes; that was %%hen we werf
in town laft Whitfuntide : but for all thatH
papa, it had neither feathers nor w ings.
Mr. Bill. But it bad a couple of long
fins, which ferve ,it as wings when it rif's
above the furface of the water.
For federal days fucceffivcly the voyage,
was as fine as poffible; but all of a fudden-
a violent hurricane arofe from the South-'.
Eaft. The waves frothed and rofe moun..,
,rain high, toffing the veffel too and fro,
This dreadful ftorm continued for fix days Jucceffively, and carried the (hip fo far out
of her way, that neither the captain nor'.
any perfon on board knew where the),y ere.:
However, by their reckoning, they fuppofed.
that they could not be far from the Ca-;
ribbee Iflands. They lie hereabouts. i
The feventh morning, exacly at day..
break, one of the sailors threw the whole


crew inro a fit of extravagantjoy, by crying
ourt from the mail head, Land!
Mrs. B.7'!. This call comes very feafon-
ablk tr ilipper is almolt ready in the next
room. To morrow we fh'all hear the reft.
G6. 0 dcar mamna, only let us heat
how they landed, and what happened- to,
them afterwards. I fliould be contented
with a bit of dry bread; if papa would but
go on.
Mr. Bill. Well, my dear, as your ma-
ma only fays that fupper is almzoft ready;
perhaps there may be a few minutes to
fpare. If the will indulge you until fup-
per is quite ready, I am -content.
Mrs. Bill. I have no objection : fo that
you may go on until I call you, which
th all be when every- thing is perfectly
All the children. Oh that will do. That
is charming !
Mr. Bill. To proceed, therefore, with
my ftory:
The whole crew haftened upon deck to
D 3 fee

74 T I E N L w V
fee what land this wars; bat in the very,
mono',(.2.: c..,.r :.(v was cianr-..d ir,.) trror
a:.- con:lci naX.i n : the !hip i tiC' :, and.
aii thiL'.' f ho were uporn tihe c'd- ': rcc-ivedc
I, \i lrnt a ihock as aijr.ol tj t hrouv thec*.
bac.- 2rds.
1'. What was the matter ?
3fr. B l' The Ihip h.d run upon a Iand'
bank, and (luck ifatil as Iiddenly as if it'.
ha. been rnaikd to the ipt. Then the
foaming wavts dafhed over the de.k within'
fuch violence, that they \%ere all ulig'.d tU-
take refuge in the cabin and between drclks:
for fear of being carried overboard. '
Nothing was now to bc heard among the.
crew but lamentable cries, groans, and lighs,H
tla would have foftened a heart of [lone.
Some v.ere praying, others wept aloud;>
fome tore their hair like people in despair, '
others were halfdcal, and ftlupidly inlrfenfi-
ble. An-ionglt this lalt clafs was Robilbn fon
Crufoe, who was literally more dead than
Sal I e.
Suddenly %ome one cried out that the


hip had flit. Thefe dreadful tidings
brought t,-uIn all to new life. They rap
hailh 11!-,n deck, lowered the boat as faft
as ,rui'l', anJ all jumped into it with the
n 1,4 prLcc. ita:e hafte.,
But ,0hcre v ,re now fo many people in
the boat, that its fides were fcarcely four
inches above the water. The land was fill
far, off,- and the form fo violent, that
every one thought it impoffible to reach ,ts
Thore. Neverthdelefs, they exerted thedr
whole strength in rowing, and fortunately
the wind drove them towards land. A rAlt
once they beheld a wave, mountaii1n igN,
rolling towards the boat.
At this dreadful fight the whole crew fat
nmotionlefs, and dropped their oars. The h4vj
wave ftrikes the boat, overfets it, and all are
,at once fwallowed up in the enraged deep!
Here Mr. Biliingfley made a .frqop; th
whole company remained filent, and many
of them could not help fighting with, cQn-
paffion for the fate of the poor feamen.. At
length Mrs. Billingfley arriving -with the
D 4 news

76 T tU E NEw
nrws that flp;-er \as ready, put an end t
t i if nnlat;'cht,1y ideas.


GEORGE. Dear papa, is poor Robinfortk
Crufoe loft for good ? Is he dead ?
Mr. Bill. We left him laft night in thee
aol. imminent danger of lofing his life'
the boat being overlit.
Robinfon was swallowed up in the fea,
long with the rcil of the fhip's company'
but the fame wave, that dreadful wave,i
which had buried him in the deep, at its'
return drew him along with ir, and dashed
him towards the fhore. He was, thrown,
with fuch violence upon a piece of a rock,
that the pain occasioned by the jolt routed '
him from the late of almoft inlfenfibility
that he was in before. He opened his eyes,



and feeing himfeif, contrary to all expecaa-
tion, upon dry ground, he exerted the laft
efforts of his ftrength to g-iin the top of the
He reached it at length, but the 'qo-
ment that he arrived at this fpo!t of fafety
he fainted away with fatigue, and remained
a long time without fenfe or motion. -
When he recovered, he opened, his
eyes and looked round. Heaven, w hat
a profpe&ft! The fhip, the boat, his .com
panions, all loft There was nothing
to be feen but a few broken rplaniks, which
the waves drove towards the fhforc, He
alone was faved out of the whole fhiP's
Trembling at once with fear andjoy, he
fell upon his knees, lifted up his hands to-
wards Heaven, and, while hefhed, a 0oVlx of
tears, returned thanks aloud to the :la-
ker of Heaven andEarth for his miraculous
prefervation. -
Rc'kh. But, papa, why did God Almighty
D 6. five

,.... ,' ..... -^,

78 T.H E N E W
fave Robinfon Crufoe alone, and fuffer
the reft to perifh?
Mr. Bill. My dear Richard, are you al-
ways able to difcover the reafons why we
who are fo much older than you, and who
love you tenderly, at towards you in this
manner or that ?
Rich. No.
Mr. Bill. Lately, for inflance, when the
'lay was fo fine, and we had all fo great a
fancy to go on a nutting party, what did I
Rich. I have not forgot it. Poor Ed-
ward Was obliged to fltay at home and keep
tiovre, and the reft of us were forced to go
to Richmohd, and not on the nutting party.
Mr. Bill. But why was I fo cruel to
Poor Edward, not to let him go with us ?
E Ea:a'. Ah, I know the reafon of that.
Janies came prefently after, and took me
to Lady Caftletoi's. Frederick, my old
playfellow, wasjuft come home from school,
and b-gged his mlua to fend for me.

AMr. Bill. And was not that better then
to go a nutting?
Edw. Oh yes, a hundred times.
Mr. Bill. I had teht word before to Lady
Caftleton, that you should go and fee her
fon, as fhe requefted; and therefore it was
that I ordered you to ftay at home. And,
Richard, what did you meet at Richmond?
Rich. I met you there, papa, and my
mama. You were there before me.
Mr. Bill. That too I knew; and, there-
fore, I made you for that time go to Rich-
mond, and not on the nutting party. My
intention in all this never once entered your
heads, for you did not know my reafons.
But why did not I tell you thefe reafons ?
Rich. That you might afford us an un-
expe6ted pleafure.
Mr. Bill. Juft fo. Well, my dear chil-
dren, do you not think that our heavenly
Father loves his children, that is to fay, all
mankind, as much as we love you ?
Geo. Certainly, and more.
Mr. Bill. And have you not learnt lorg

a,, that God knows all things butter than
\e poor mortals do, wlil) knoc.kdgc is fo
coinrra&te..!, and v.%io can f i1lduonm tll v. hat
is really 1Tr our (jU n ,..\anr. lg--.
R,i.'. Yt, i bV;.,'e it GoJ ihas a
krin,'. lcdge thac is ,'itd, c boun.-., and,
thrcr orc, ki, >.,s -c :c-ry 'hii .,' Hir i iI c,,ine
to Pak\; a knuv-itdgC t'Lhat \%e hlae no
idea of.
1;5. B:." Since, tl-hrefuore, G('od loves all
mankind ; is Llhiidrcn, and Is at [he I'Ar'.e
time l 0 i- Cl that he alone kno,'; .%hat is
really uld-ul i1r us, it is impofllble bIut he
liiould do Mh.It is bef fur our inftcrii.
C-o. With,,ut doubt, and 1o he dtlcs cop-
tinuA.illy )
AMr. Bi,'. But are we alha s able to di f-
cover the rcal[',rs hy God doih ;iny .ctiuan
that .,'cLts us in one particular naixrir ra- '
other than in .n'j-thic To dilcover them, we fliodI have
as much knowlkdge and v.',i'lom as God
Ar-. Bi&. Well, my dear Richard, do. -

you -



you wifli now to repeat the queftion that
you afked mejuft now?
Rich. What question ?
Mr. Bill. Why the Supreme Difpofer of
things faved only Robinfon Crufoe, and fuf-
fered the reft to perifh ?
Rich. No.
Mr. Bill. Why not?
Rich. Becaufe I fee now that it was an
unreafonable queftion.
Mr. Bill. Unreafonable! How?
Rich. Becaufe our Maker knows- very
well why he does any action, and we are
not capable of knowing it.
Mr. Bill. The Ruler of the )Univerfe had
therefore reafons which were wife, excel-
lent, and worthy of himfelf, for suffering
the whole crew to perilh,, and, facing only
the life of Robibfon Crufoe. But thefe
reafons are infcrutable to us. We may, in-
deed, carry our conjectures to a certain
length, but we ought never to flatter our-
felves that we have hit upon the truth. -
For inftance, infinite i ifdomn might forefee

82 T H E N E NS'.
that a longer li'e wold be more hurtful
than ad.van:ageous to -hcIL' v..-1o0i he Iubf-
ferrd to pcilh :i they i-nislit fall inmo great
difltrrcfls, or evcn bccon.r ick'd : (or th11t
realon, p-rh.i1 -, heIe reinovd tilcIn fiom
this voriJ, and condi.i.tcd th'-ir immoral
foul. to a pl.-cc v.l,:,e l- arc LPi: .r than
here. As IOr Rohlinhin Cr]b. ir, probably
Ihs ll e V, 'r6 C. ,-v J [to le p"i that di-d
fiction might be a Itl-.hi: ol o1' iildoin mo
hin-i ; *ri- Gcd, be;n, a kii. fLthcr, -ill
viifl and all 'filt, Jlrk,'- a.i',i. r, t' turn tie
hearts of rimen, wht.n hcv' arc bidl', iln-id'^-
fiblc t, his goodn,nd and !U [Mrt.
Keep this in re in .,,a'i Ic;.y dear
child, [r-Iough t;'" cuul'c ,f u '. % .jr !t'.. -
You may meet wiih acchd-.r.i- aii, Ic'.e'. s
in vhich you cannot perCtii,.e r !-h du-i' otf"
Providence. Tuien, inft. ad of r1,i:'.i' t.n-
d-avurir'iig to rtal.,n or cx Ila;i ,. -cri alrg
inconlrii-ncy, iy' to v.'. ir;i;l, GC u' L;C,:'.\i
bettencr than. I h-iat is tor my _oJ I ,II!, ,
th reffore, fh;Lr i h Lir i'u , hl! ,i'- ;
foitune w,:hii. he" :; i' c J a :..t 1.i. n
C .,1,-

convinced that his difpenfations of good
and evil are ever intended to render us better
than we are; I, for my part, will therefore
labour to become fo, and certainly God
will blefs and reward my endeavours."
Henry. Did Robinfon think fo upon that
occafion ?
Mr. Bill. Yes, then when he had been
in fo great danger of perifhi:ig, and faw
himfelf cut off from all the world, then he
felt fincerely how unjuft and blameable his
condu& had been ; then he prayed to Hea-'.
yen, on his knees, for pardon; and then he
took the ftedfaft resolution of amending his
life, and of never doing any afion con-
trary to the warning of his, confcience.
Edw. But. *hat did he do after that?
Mr. Bill. When the joy that he felt on
his happy deliverance had a little fubfided,
he began to reflect on his situation. He
looked about him, but could fee nothing
except trees and thickets he could not
perceive, on any fide, the leaft mark that
the country was inhabited.


84 T H E N E-W
This was a dreadful neceffity imnporedV
upon him; to live all alone in a flrmne-
country! But hisanxietvy-wasfiulmiore dread-
fully increased whenithis ict.--Ction occtJ rcd
to him, What, if there should be wild bc'uls .
Qr favages here,. fo that I should nut be able
to live a moment in safety !
Charlotte. What are favages, pFpa ?
Rich. Ser/ages are wild men. Have-'
you never heard talk of .them, C h a, 1 ,r t e?.
In countries, a great, great way off Fromne
this, there arpe men nearly as u ild as beaills.
Geo. That go almotll na.cLd- Wiat do,
you think of that ?
Henry. Aye, and know fcarce any thing..
in the world. They, cannot build thicm-
felve houfes, nor make gardens, nor luwv
and plant,-as we do.
Harriet. And they eat raw. mear .nd raw
fifh.. I heard my papa tell ofthcin-Did
not you, papa ?
Rich. And would you think it ? Thele
poor creatures are entirely ignorant ol their -
Mlaker, i

Maker, because they never had any perfon
to inftlruft them.
Henry. It is for that reafon too that they
are fo barbarous. You would hardly be-
lieve that fome of them eat human flefh.
Charlotte. Oh what wicked men
Mr. Bill. What poor unhappy men!
you should fay. Alas thefe poor people are
sufficiently to be pitied, that they have been
brought up in this ignorance, and- live lik'
Charlotte. Do they ever come here,?
Mr. Bill. No: the countries where thefe
unfortunate people live are fo far off, that
they never come here. Their number alfo
grows lefs every day, because other civilized
men, who come amongft them, endeavour
to inftru& and civilize them. '
Henry. Were there, then, any ofthofe fa,.
ages in the country where Robinfon Cru-
foe was thrown by the form ?
Mr. Bill. That he could not tell him-
felfas yet. But having formerly heard that
there were favages in the iflands in this part

represented to him afrefli the tranfiaCtion
of the preceding day. Difturbid wirh tu.
rultuous dreams, he fancied he 1ill faw
the waves fwelling round him, and the fhip
finking.. The cries of the fcamen lIil|
founded in his ears.. After this, he ina--
gined himfelftranfported into the prclince.
of his parents: they appeared overwhelmed'
with forrow and diftrefs for the lots or their
beloved fon : they fighed, wtpt, listed
up their hands to Heaven, and %%tre urteily,;
deflitute of comfort. A coldfi% eat bj oke
out all over his body: he cried aloud, r
am not loft, my dear parents; I am rtcflored,1
to you once more :" and with thefe i wordss
making a motion in his fleep as if to em-
brace his parents, he loft his leat amongfl,.
the branches, and fell down out of ci:e tree.
Harriet. Oh poor Robinfon!
Gio. I fuppofe he is killed now.
Mr. Bill. Fortunately for him, he had not
fixed himfelf far up in the tre ; and the
grafs was fo high upon the ground that his
fall was not very fevere. In itffc&c, the
flight pain which it occasioned ;:im he

hardly Wlt, in comparifbn to the anguifh
that he I'fuffcicd in the cornflts of his
dream, and which fill agitated his whole
body. He, therefore, climbed up once more
into the tree, and lay there quietly until
He then began earneffly to consider how
'he should procure himfelf food. He had
no fort of viituals fuch as we ufe in this
part of the world, neither bread, nor mait2r,
nor vegetables, nor milk ; and, had he evert
been after of a joint of meat, he had
neither fire, nor fpit to roaft it on, nor pot
to boil it in. All the trees that he had
feen hitherto were logwood-trees, which
,never bear any fruit.
Rich. What fort of trees are they, pa-
Mr. Bill. Th.fe are trees the wood of
which is of considerable ufe inr dying. They
grow in fome countries of South America.,
and much of the logwood is brought to
Europe. When it is boiled, the water

90o THE N E W
turns of a reddifh black colour, and dyers;
make ufe of it to give a fhade to other co-.i
Jours. '
But to return to Robinfon Cruroe.
Still uncertain what he fiould do, heI
came down from the tree. As he had eaten
nothing the day before, hunger began to
be exceedingly troublefobme to him. He;
rambled about for federal miles, but found
nothing, except grafs, and trees that bore no
It was impoflible now to add to his diflrefs :
Mufft I, then, perifli with hunger at ll a"
cried he, fobbing and looking up towards
Heaven. However, neceffity reanimated
him with frefh strength to go and I'earch
carefully along the fhore for something eat-
But in vain: nothing but logwood-
trees and Indian willow; nothing but grafs
and fand. At length, fatigued, weakened,
and exhaufted, he threw himfelf down with
his face to the ground, burft into tears, and

R OB I N SON C R U 0S F. 91
wiijcJ that h.e had perifhed in the "iav.s ,f
tjhe Iva rathe. than be prelrved onIv to dIe
a n-ilierabic death b\ hunger.
He thought of nothing, therefore, now
bu.t of waiting in this t'url,'rn Litiiaton or
the flow and drradful approach of death;
when, turning by chance, he Iaw a cormo-
rant devouiing a fifh that he had taken.
inmmediatelv he rccolleced thac he had
limne'hcre read the following words:
The Lord, %,ho f'ecd: ;lth bounteoui hand
Th,,.r'd renant. of the air,
V d i rl rcv over N1 ,A N'diJ
The im ing of hij paernial care.
He then reproached himfc-If 'with having
put lb little rrufll: in Divine Prov idence ; and,
riling halffily)', hlc determined to %alk a iar
as ever his strength would permit him. He
Shaped his courle., therefore, along the Ihlore,
and looked narrowly abcut to dilCover, it
olFible, ibinething that might -Lrvce him-i tbr
At length he perceived a numiiber oovfloycr
hih' lying on dhe shore. He ran eagerly
VoL. 1. E to-

,92 THE NE W
towards the fpot where they were, and care-
fully examined all round it, hoping ro find
oyfters thereabouts. He did find fome, ant'
.hisjoy was inexpreffible.
Rich. Are there oyfters on land then ?
Mr. Bill. Why no, not properly. On
the contrary, they belong to the fea andi live
in it. There they faflten themfelves to-
rocks, one upon another, in immenfe quanl-.
tities. Such a heap of them is called a bed.,
of oyfters. Now, the waves, in dafl-Jing
againift this, loofens federal of the c.. lers,
and the tide carries them towards the l-i ore.
Afterwards, when the tide ebbs, and iF is lov -
water, thefe oyfters are left on thdie bc-acih,
where it is then dry.
Charlotte. You fay when the tide ebbs,.
papa, what is that?
Harriet. What, don't you know that ? It :
is when the water that was fo high bctore,
runs back, and grows quite shallow.
Charlotte. What water ?
Harriet. Why, the fea water, or a river
like our Thames, where the tide come up.
'lir. !