The Christian pilgrim

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Material Information

Title:
The Christian pilgrim containing an account of the wonderful adventures and miraculous escapes of a Christian, in his travels from the land of Destruction to the New Jerusalem
Uniform Title:
Pilgrim's progress
Physical Description:
52 p. : ill. ; 15 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Bunyan, John, 1628-1688
Lincoln & Edmonds
Dobkin Collection of 19th Century Americana
Publisher:
Lincoln & Edmands
Place of Publication:
Boston (Bible Warehouse & Theological & Miscellaneous Bookstore, 53 Cornhill)
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Christian life   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1818
Genre:
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Massachusetts -- Boston

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Welch, D.A.
General Note:
"Printed and published by Lincoln & Edmonds ..."
General Note:
Printed gray paper covers.
General Note:
Written by John Bunyan.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 023831523
oclc - 08518748
System ID:
AA00021425:00001


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Christian Pilgrim,


CONTAINING AN ACCOUNT OF THIES 'WONDERFL AVENTURES AND ~ S MRACLOU ESAPES OFA A


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SCHRISTIAN PILGRIM.



AS I was walking through the spacious wildeness of the world, I came to a place in which was a solitary den. Being much fatigued with travelling, I laid myself down in that lonely but hospitable covert, and in a few minutes my eyes were closed, and I forgotallthe dange and the cares oflife. But while I slept, I dreamt a dram, and, behold at a little dis. tance from me, I saw a man who was clothed in rags, standing with his face from his own house, and carrying a boo his hand, and a heavy burden upon his back. Wh9e I was looking upon him with a mixture of pity and surprife, I faw him open the book, and read therein ; and while he was reading, I obferved, that he wept and trembled exceedingly, till at last, being no longer able to contain himself, he cried out, in the anguish of his soul, What shall Ida t be jatved ?"
In this miserable plight he returned home, where being unable to conceal the distress of his heart, he was derided and reproached as a madrman by hi friends and neighbours, and ridiculed and insulted even by those of his own household. I therefore took notice, that, partly to avoid the abuses of his family, and partly to vent his forrows without interruption, he took every opportunity eithli of retiring; into his chamber, or into the neighbouring fields, where he spent his time in praying and reading. In one of thofe folitary walks, after he had read, and cried out, as before, with great earnestness, what hall IdAo to be jawed'" he looked this way and that with the most eager anxiety, as if he would run to 6
A 2




6 The Christian Pilgrim.

cape some terrible danger, though, (as I plainly observed) he was at a loss to what part he should direct his flight. While he was trembling and bewailing himself under this painful uncertainty, a person of a very mild and encouraging, but yet a venerable ap. pearance, and whose name was E-vangelist, came to him unawares, and kindly asked him, wherefore dost thou weep Because, Sir, I am informed by this













sacredbook in my hands, that mypresentsituation isinconceivably dangerous. Wherefore, then, (anfwered the sage,) dost 'thou not instantly endeavour to leave it ?" and with that he put into his hands a parchment fcroll, upon which was written in large capitals, FLY FROM THE WRATH TO COME. After the man had read those awful words, he looked very earnestly upon EEvangelist, and whither, dear Sir, (said he) pray, whither must I fly ?" Then Evangelist, pointing with his finger over a fpacious plain, inquired if he beheld a wicket gate on the further side of it; and upon the man's replying that he could not discover any gate, but that he saw a glorious light just over the place to which he had pointed, H Make the best ofyour 'way, then, (replied his friendly director,) towards the light you have discovered, and you will presently see the gate.





The Christian Pilgrm. 7

Vipon this, Ibeheld in my dream, that the man began to run with all the vigour hie was master of. His wife asnd children, indeed, cried after~ him very passiona~tely. His neiglabouris also dlid the fae, fomne mocking, some threatening, and fomne tlfeecing him to return. But iCbrifta,. (for that was his name) putting his fingers inohiears, ran hasiy orwards,














without regarding either their entreaties or their men.~ aces. Two of them, howt-ver, whose names wr Obsgjinat and Pliable~, were resolved to fetch him back by force ; and running furiously after him for that purpose, they foon overtook him; : ut honest~ Cbrixtian not only withstood the noify threats and bitter reproaches of Okrtinate with fo nuch fira ib, that he forced him to return wthout his errn. hut he even prevailed upon Phiableto bear hm copn yin h~is flight from the Land of JDeitrztction, by givig him an account of the noble blessing whij the King of heaven had to~ bestow. He assured him, that thoge blessings were neither more ntor kAfs thanz an inhberitance incorruptible undefiled, and that fadetlsanot away,-an everatn kingdom, and alife of never-ceasing happiness,-r*dant crow-ns of pay &ud fzsow-whiite robes as refulgent as the nwic





The Christian Pilgrim.

fun,-a total exemption from forrow and disappointment of every kind,-andthe glorious fociety of an. gels and arch-angels, and of the spirits of just men made perfect, great numbers of whom, he said, had boldly faced every danger, and cheerfully fupported every fatigue and every pain, for the acquisition of fich exalted privileges.
To convince him that thefe would certainly be granted if they faithfully persevered in the courfe they had began, he sheWed him the several paffages in which they were particularly promifed in the book which he held in his hand,-a book, he faid, of the most undoubted veracity, becaufe it was made by that omniscient and all-perfect Being who cannot lie.
Pliable was fo much ravished and transported at the profpect of fo many glories, and of fuch a profufion of the moft exalted blifs, that his friend Christian could fearcely travel faft enough for him. But, as they were hurrying along with more eagernefs than caution, they came to the brink of a miry slough, which lay in the middle of the plain, and was called the SzovuGH o DzsPon, without either of













them perceiving it ; so that they both pitched in almoft up to the middle in mud and dirt, before they had time to speak; and Christian, on account of the




The Christian Pilgrim. 9

cumbersome burden which he bore on his back, began to sink very fall. This unwelcome accident so much conffounded poor Pliable, that he protefed he would advce no farther for al the joys of Paradik; and accordingly he truggled out or. that fie of the sloh which was next to his own house, and turned
immediately. ht Cbrigiai exerted all his
ts to reach the oppofite fide, which, after much ihi1ling, he actual did, though he was not able Wa~send the bank, by rt o of his burden. He had nsot 'een long in this crabarhd situation, before one in white a ,and whose name was Help,
came forwards t assistance; and after midly
rebuking him n ing mor care where he
6tepped, took him y hfthe hand, and drew him















out upn firm grund. I had the curioy to inquire of Help, (since the slough lay directly in the way to the gate,) how it happened tlat it was not mnded? He a -that this would be im"poble ; for ough, to his certain knowledge,
"may thousands and millions of good instrncts "had bestowed upon it, it was stillthesam
"ever ; which was owing, he said, to the i able feats and doubts, and the variety of ai




o10 The Christian Pilgrim.
" ful apprehensions that flow from a sense of guilt, "and from the remorfe of an awakened conscience, "and which constantly run together, and settle in "this filthy quagmire. But, continued he, as the "Prince of glory is full of mercy and benevolence, "he has ordered several good and very substantial steps, which are called the Promises, 2' T
"always sufficiently visible to the attentive eller, to be carried on through the middle slough."
After Chbristian had been thus happily assist gain the bank, hi resumed his journey, with eagerness. He hadil not, however, travelled very iar, before he discovered a person at a distance crossing ever the plain to meet hint. The man's name was













Iorldl -Iseman, and he dwelt in the town of Carnal Policy, near the city of Destruction, 0so that he had some knowledge of Christian. IHe was a
well-dressed, and a fair-spoken person, and had much of the appearance of a gentleman ; though, as it afterwards appeared, he war destitute of that truth and integrity of heart. which are necessary to constitute the real character. When he came up to our labouring pilerim-," How now, said he, my honest friend, whither art thou trudging with that





The Christian Pilim. I

heavy burden upon thy back ?" Heavy indeed!
Sir, replied Christian ; for I have not strength enough to get it off myself, nor is there a man in our whole country who is able to lift it from my
boulders. I am therefore going, by the adice of
one Evangelist, whom I believe to be a very
worthperson, to yonder gate, when, he has informed er, I shall be directed how to get rid of it in a tht, time. Mr. Evangelist replied the other, heb I see, already irected you into the .dough
of n d, wher you have been bemired to some
p ; and if yo continue to pursue his advice,
udst encounter with many other difficulties and anges of the like, or a much worse nature ; for
unger, fatigue, and akednes;' sword, lions and dragon, nay, even darkness and death itself, constantly haunt and beset the road through which you propose to venture. It is true, indeed, a an would undertake and suffer almost any thing to delivered from such a ponderous load as you are now oppressed with, and which, Iam sensible you brought upon yourself, (like many other inquisitive persons) by poring too long upon that mysterious book,, which you have in your had. But, I can direct you how you may get rid of your burden, not only without all that trouble and danger which you propose to venture into, but by such means as are atetnded with the greatest safety, 'content and pleasure." Christian eagerly requesting him tocom-. municate such a valuable piece of inf iaton"My dear friend, said Worldly-lrew in yonder elegant little town, (which is called the town of Mworalit) lies a very grave and judicious old gentleman, whose name is Legality. He has relieved sonle thousands who have been loaded with the same oppressive burden, and I am certain will be equally ready to perform the favour for you ; or, if it should happen that he is absent from home, his fon, 1Mr. Civility, (a very affable young gentleman) can easily supply his place. Nay, if you should not afterwards

iI




12 TIek" -istian Pilgrim.

- be desirous of returning home, as ind:d I would
not wish you to do, there are feveral 4npty houses in the town at a moderate rent ; and as provisions are likewise very reasonable, and the inhabitants a very fober and honest sort of people, you may send for your wife and children, and spend the rest of your dayz there in a very comfortable manner."
But which is the nearest way to Mr. Legality's, replied Gbristian. "You must strike into the road, which runs by the side of yonder hill, said the artful aeducer, and then the first houfe you come to is i."
Christian followed his directions with more baste than wisdom ; for when he came pretty near the hill (which was called Mount Sinai) he observed that it was prodigiously steep and craggy. But when he took notice, that the side of it which lay next to the road projected over it in a dangerous manner, he was afraid to venture any further. His apprehensions, hol-ever, were increased beyond expression, when he faw the mountain suddenly totter before him, with a dreadful noise, resembling thunder, and angry flashes of lightning continually blazing upon him from the sides, as if they would have consumed him every instant. He strove to turn back, and regain his former path ; but his burden was now so intolerably heavy, that he could scarcely stand under it. Tn this deplorable condition, he discovered Evangelist again advancing to meet him, at the sight of wiom he was ready to sink into the ground through shame. This friendly visitor at first beheld him with a severe and indignant eye ; upbraiding him with the greatest folly and ingratitude, and telling him, that he had begun to reject the counsel of the Most High, and to withdraw his feet from the paths of peace But upon Christian's falling prostrate before him, with the most profound humsility and self-abasement, and exclaiming in an Agony of hon or, Jo is me, for I am utterly undone "E.vaugelist caught him gently by the hand and raised him from the ground, saying, Be not faith




The Chf gm.














lejs, but klieving; for all manner of sin shall he forgIven to him who truly repents, and believes the GopeL" He then proceeded to inform him, that 1Vr. Legality was a formal impostor, and had not the power to relieve him, or any other distressed pilgrim, as had been falsely and treacherously suggested by Mr. Worldly-ifeman. To confirm what he had said, he loudly appealed to the decision of Heaven; upon which the lightning flashed from the sides of the mountain with redoubled fury, and was fucceeded by a voice which refembled an awful peal of thunder, and pronounced the following words with f~ch a dreadful emphasis, as perfectly stunned me with horror-" As many as are of the works of the law, are under the for the God of truth hath
deced, cursed is one who continues not in
ajk thgs which are written in the book of the law to do them !" Gal. iii. 10. These terrible words had such an effect upon Christian, that he looked for instant death, and cried out in the bitterness of his soul, "I am lost for ever lost !" But Evangelist assuring him, that although his sin was great, it was not unpardonable, his hopes began to revive. Accordingly, after being cautioned not to turn aside again, and receiving an affectionate God-speed from B A




Is The Christian Pilgrim.
be -enevolent director, he began to resume his
,iey, and travelled forwards with the utmost
i -atience and anxiety till he regained the path he
,a1f left. In a short time afterwards he arrived at the gate, over which was written in large capitals, "KNOCK, AND IT SHALL BE OPENED UNTO
YOU." Matt. vii. 8.














He did as the inscription directed, and repeated hiq knocking several times. At lut- a grave perfon, whose name was Good-cwill, came to the gate, and after being informed who he was and that he was travelling to Mount Sion, very readily admitted him.
But when Chriftian was cute the other pulled him forwards with great g violence, which
I soon observed to be a ve~*ssary prccuzs for near the gate (but on the outside of it) 1 1i* a lofty" castle, from whence a company of demons, under tse. command of Beelzebub, the prince of the infernal spirits, discharged a flight of burning arrows, aiming to destroy Christian at the entrance. As soon as he had passed through the gate, he was cautioned to keep the narrow way, which had been thrown up by the prophets and apostles, and was as straight as a line, and not to venture into any of the numerous
*roads which crossed it, and which might be easly




Thpe Cbibtian Pilgrim. i

distinguished by their crookedness and breadth. Being impatient, however, to get rid of his cumbersome burden before be preded any father, he was assured, that when he ame to the Place of deliverance, it would fall from his back of itself, and not before. But he was advised to call in his way at the houfe of the Interpreter, which was the first he would come to, and where several excellent things w dbe shewnto him both for his caution and encourement. e accordingly did as he was dir ,anwas r e hnterpreter with the
greatest es and hospitality. The fist thing
which a shewni to himn b~y h enerous host, wa the p~ortrit of a venerable petfon, with his eyes i rected towards heaven, the best of books hs bad the law of truth legiby witten h. lips world behind his back, and a dazzling c of goM xver his head, c Take particular notice of this piece













o painting, said the interpreter; because the person it reprefents is he, whom alone the Lord of The place to which thou art travelling, has autborised to be thy gie in any doubtful or dangerous situation. He is
fithful servant of the Most High, and prefm the advacement of his Master's glory, and of the real welfare of mankind, to every other consideration; and
to ever




16 Tbe Cbristian Pilgrim.
for this reason he fpares no pains to diffuse the knowledge of the truth, and direct humble pilgrims into the path of genuine and underled religion,-for which he will hereafter be rewarded with a crown of glory that fadeth not away !' Having faid this, he conducted Christian into a large parlbur, the floor of which was entirely covered with dust. He then called to an elderly and hard-favoured man, and commanded him to sweep ; which, when the other had begun to do, the room was instantly filled with fuch a cloud of dust, that poor Christian was almost stifled. But a modest damsel who stood by, being ordered to fetch fome water, and sprinkle the floor, the room was prefently fwept and cleanfed with the greatest ease. This parlour, the Interpretei observed, was an emblem of an unregenerate and unsanctified heart : the duft upon the floor represented the natural depravity which covers and defiles its every faculty: the Mkn who firft began to sweep denoted the Laow of works, which may serve to discover our guilt and alarm our consciences, but cannot remove the one, or relieve the other; and the damsel who brought the water and cleansed the room with so much ease, represented the grace of the gospel, whofe mild and beneficial influences never fail to purify the
hearts of those who sincerely believe the truth.
In a little room adjoining to the parlour, Christian
was directed to observe two children, each of whom was sitting in his chair. One of them appeared very anxious and discontented, but the other was remarkably quiet. In a few minutes in came their governor, with a basket of fruit in his hand; and asked the latter, whether he would choose the whole of what he saw in the basket, or content himself with a little of it for the present, and have something better, and in a larger quantity hereafter ? The quiet little creature said he would rather wait; but when the same offer was made to the other, he snatched all the fruit out of his governor's hand, without putting himself to the trouble of an answer ; and




The Chritisan Pilgrim. 17

while be was eating it, looked upon his companion with an air of disdainful exultation. ()uriigrim was informed, that the names of theseto children were Patience and Passion, and the latter was an emblem of the men of this world, who prefer the immediate gratification of their sensual appetites and desires to every future consideration ; and the other, of the children of the world to come, who had rather content themselves with a patient and well-founded expectation of eternal flicity, than enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season.: i .
Cbrstan 'asnext conducted ihIan apartment, in whu was a fire burning against a wall, and a
person ending on oneide of it, who was continual ly pouring water upon it in. great plenty. But the nore he endeavoured to extinguish it, the fiercer. and brighter e flame. This glowing fire, said the














Interpreter, is a representation of the inextingoishable ardor of divine grace in the hearts of the righteous, and the person who vainly endeavors to quench it is Satan. He then led his guest to the back side of the Wall, where he sawa person who had a vessel of oil in his hand, which he gradually emptied into the fire, by an imperceptible conveyance. This worthy
B2




is The Christian Pilgrim.

person, said he, is an emblem of the blessed Jesws, who continually enlivens and supports the good hopes and resolutions of his people, by the powerful though invisible influences of his grace.
From this apartment Christian was shewn into a dark room, in which he faw a man sitting in an iron cage, with his eyes fixed upon the ground, his head sunk upon his breast, his arms closely folded together, and uttering such doleful groans, as if his heart would break every moment.













While he was viewing this unhappy being with a mixture of pity and horror, he was directed by the Interpreter to ask him who he was, which Christian very readily doing,-" I am, said the man, what I once was not."-', What wast thou once, said the other ? "-11 I was, said he, a very fair and promising professor, both in my own eves and in those of other people."-" And what art thou now? "-'" A
wretch, said he, a miserable wretch, overwhelmed with despair, and confined as you now behold me, never, never to be released."-" How came you into this deplorable condition," said Christiana-"Because, said the man, I have sinned against the clearest light, and the brightest and most convincing evidences of




The Christian Pilgrim., 19

the gospel; I have despised and trampled under my feet the most affecting and unwcaried manifestations of the divine goodness and forbearance ;-I have done despite to the Spirit of grace, and he has forever left me ; -I have tempted the Devil to ruin me, and he will not loosen his hold; I have defied the anger of God Amighty, and he has utterly forsaken me !"-"And is there no hope," said Christian Not a glimpse, replied the man, not one feeble glimpse to cheer my unhappy soul. 1 have so hardened my heart, that I cannot repent And I am so perversely blind, that I cannot believe !"-After saying this ie sunk into a gloomy silence, and would not return a single word to any other question which was proposed to him.
In the next apartment into which Christian was conducted, he saw a man rising hastily out of his bed,










!!



and observed, that while he was dressing himself, he shook and trembled exceedingly. Being curious to know the reason of it, he was desired to ask the man himself, which he immediately doing with great eagerss-1 This very night, said the poor wretch, while I was buried in the arms of sleep, I had the most terrifyinig dream which was ever formed by the




The Cbrirtian Pilgrim.

powers of imagination- For, after a few pleasing scenes, in wich my wanton fancy was indulging itself without the least apprehension of any danger, on a sudden the heavens were overspread with an awful gloom, and it began to thunder and lighten in such a horrible manner, as filled me with terror. Looking upwards, I beheld the clouds convulsed at an unusual rate; and before I could turn myself round to survey the extent of the- blackening, prospect, my ears wre alarmed by thc blast of a trumpet, which was so insuflrably loud and piercing, that all nature seemed to shudder at the sound! In a few moments afterwards I saw the heavens suddenly cleft asunder, as far as from the east to the west, and in the dreadful chasm a maJestic person enthroned upon a cloud, and surrounded by thousands and ten thousands of flaming spirits, who were all upon the wing prepared to execute his orders. I then heard a second blast of a, trumpet, stronger and firmer than the first, and which seemed capable of piercing to the very centre of the earth, crying onut,
-4 rise, Ye dead.. and come to judgment ;"and be. hold in the twinkling of an eye, the rocks were torn asunder, the mountains tottered and fell the earth rolled 'and fluctuated like the waters of a trou-. bled ocean, and the dead started from their graves in such amazing numbers, as almost to cover the surface of the ground. Some of them appeared exceedingly cheerful, and looked upwards with an air of unutterable transport ; but others (and, indeed, by far the most numerous part of them) discovered such terror and distress in their very countenances, as is not easily to be conceived, and vainly endeavoured to con-ceal, or rather bury themselves under the falling frag-. ments of the rocks and mountains. The former were presently caught up into the air, and carried off by congratulating angels to attend the person who sat upon the cloud; but, to my unspeakable horror, 1, poor unhappy wretch, was left behind. I looked after them, indeed, as many others did, with the utmost anxiety to follow them; but nto friendly spirit




The Christian Pilgrim. 21

came near me to assist my flight! But, said Christian, what was it that made you so afraid of this sight ? He answered, I thought the day of judgment was come, and that I was not read for it. My confcience too, afflicted me ; and, as I thought, the Judge had always his eye upon me, shewing indignation in his countenance.
The next sight he was introduced to was of a more agreeable kind, and well adapted to relieve the gloomy impressions which he had received from the two preceding ones. He was conducted into a delightful plain, on the further side of which was built a stately palace. The walls were of the finest and hardest marble, and the ftyle in which the edifice was constnieted was equal to the richness of the materials; for the while of it afforded a display of the noblest magnificence supported by the most correct and unencumbered simplicity. In all the windows, and in the porticos, were many persons clad in white robes, which were fringed with gold, and their temples were surrounded with wreaths of laurel. But before the iron gates, which led into the gardens in the front of the palace, stood a band of armed men, whose fierce and menacing looks plainly intimated, that they were determined




The Christian Pilgrim

to oppose every one who should attempt to enter. Many well-looking persons were so much discouraged at the sight of these veterans, that they retired, without making the smallest effort to force the passage. There was one, however, who behaved in a different manner. He was a person of a very modest countenance, but at the same time betrayed such a deliberate valour in his eyes, his features, and in the make and attitude of his whole body, that you would have pronounced him capable of attempting the greatest difficulties, and encountering the most formidable dangers. The first thing he did was to apply to a person, who was grand armourer to the king of the celestial coun, try, and who sat at some distance fr-om the gate. Having there provided himself with a two-edged sword, a helmet, and a breast -plate, all divinely tempered, he rushed forward upon the armed men like a lion, and after giving and receiving 'many wounds, he happily gained the entrance. As soon as-he was got into the gardens, he was saluted from the palace by the melodious sound of golden harps, and hie went in, and war clothed in garments like the others. Chrittian then told the interpreter with a smile, that he understood the meaning of What he had seen, and that he hoped to proft by tke example in the course of his future adventures. Having thus said, and returned his warmest thanks for the civilities he had received, he began to resume his journey.
The road along which be travelled was fenced in on either side, for the security of pilgrims, with a very lofty and substantial wall ; so that he went forwards with a cheerful heart, though at the same time not without considerable difficulty, on account of the burden upon his hack. But when he came to an elevated cross, vhich stood upon an eminence a few miles distance from the interpreter's, his burden suddenly fell from his shoulders of itself, and continued willing down the side of the hill till 'it came to the -bottom, where it instantly fell into the mouth of an open sep-




The Christian Pilgrim.

ulchre, and I saw it no more. The joy and astonishment of Cbristian upon this happy deliverance from a cumbersome load which had so long oppressed him, were so great, that theyalmost overwhelmed his senses.
He first looked upon the cross, and then at the seplchre,and directed his eyes alternately toeachofthem again and again; he felt behind him in a pleasing and yet an anxious hurry, to discover whether he had really lost his burden, or whether it was only an illusion ;he turned himself this way ap It, and put himself into a thousand different attittde, to try whether he could ftill feel the weight of it upon his shoulders ;but when he found tat his deliverance was no illu.
sion, but a glorious reality, he burst into a Bood of tears, and vented the transports of his soul in the wanest expressionsof joy and gratitude, which his togue was able to utter. While he was thus employ.
C4 sometimes looking eagerly at the cross, sometimes weeping thro' excess of joy, and sometimes prang the hand, whose bnevolent, though invible, iaI h-~coln




24 The Christian Pilgrim.
ence, had released him from his burden, three shining ones suddenly pr sented themselves before him, and cried, "Peace be unto thee, thy sins shall be remembered no more." After this genteel salutation, they ftripped him of his tattered garments, clothed him in a spotless robe, which they had brought with them for that purpose from the Prince of glory, put a beautiful mark upon his forehead, and gave him a roll, with a seal upon it, which they ordered him frequently to peruse in the course of his pilgrimage, and to deliver it when he arrived at the celestial gate. Then Chriitan went on his way rejoicing.
After he had travelled some time in this manner, he difcovered three men asleep, a little out of the road, with strong fetters upon their heels. Their names were Stupidity, Sloth, and Presumption. Being of a compaflionate temper, he did all he was able to awake them ; but after just opening their eyes and returning him two or three frivolous and drowfy answers, they fell asleep again as fast as before. Travelling a little farther, he law two other men, who came tumbling over the wall, on the left side of tk road. Their names were Farmality and Htypcri-




The Cbrihtiax Pilgrim. 25

sy; and they were born in the land of Vain-Clory. When Ckriftian had overtaken them, he expostulated with -them pretty freely on the impropriety of their not coming in at the gate, andtold them, that to steal into the road, as they had done, could be neither decent nor lawful. To this they only replied, that the way they had taken was the shortest,-that what they had done was no more than a thousand others had done before them,-that he would do well to mind his own business,-and that they could not discern, what he had gained by coming in at the gate, except the whimsical garment which had been given him to cover his nakedness, and the musty roll which he cared in his hand; for they did not perceive the mark impressed upon his forehead. After assuring them, but without effect, that the garment, &c. which they looked upon in such a contemptible light, were necessary to procure admittance at the gate of the celestial city, le left them to their own conversation.
In a short time they all three came to the foot of a lofty hill, which was called Mount Difficulty, where they found a spring of fresh water. Formality and ypocrify observing that the road, which led directly up the eminence, was exceedingly steep and craggy, were upon the point of returning from whence they came. But discovering two other ways, which were called Danger, and Destruction, the one leading to the right, and the other to the left, and supposing that they both met again in the main road on the other side of the hill, they agreed to firike into these, as thinking them mich the easiest and the safest. But he who took the way of Danger, was led inseusibly into a pathless wilderness; and the other, who took the way of Destruction, was soon lost in a dreary desert, full of dark mountains and frightful precipices among which he stumbled and fell, and rose no more. As to Ghristian, after reviving his spirits with it [C




26 The Christian Pligrim.
hearty draught out of the spring, he puriued the road which led directly up the hill ; but he was soon forced to fall from running to going, and from going to climbing upon 1is hands and knees. When he had gained about half the afcent, he came to a plcafaut arbour, which had been made by the lord of the hill, for the refreshment of weary pilgrims. In this agreeable recess, poor Christian sat down to rest himfeif, and pulling his roll out of his bofom, he read in it with great pleafure a considerable time. But at last not being sufficiently upon his guard, and being














likewife greatly fatigued, he became drowfy, and iufensibly fell into a slumber, and from that into a found sleep, which would probably have detained him till midnight, if he had got been awakened a little before sun-set, by a voice which cried in his ear, -1 Go to the ant, thou sluggard, consider her ,uays axd be 'wise P' Starting, therefore, from the ground in the greatest hurry imaginable, he made the best of hig way up the hill, without once thinking o his roll, which had droppeil from his hand while he slept. When he had gained the summit, he faw two men, who were called Mstrut and Timorous




The Christian Pilgrimr.27

running to mecet him, as if they we-re purfued by aun enemy. As foon as they camne near enough, U4ritian inquired the reason of their hasty flight. -4 The lions! the lions! faid they.- WWf were going tothe















celestial city. But' the road is full of danger. The further we wen~t, the mpore danger we have met with. Just behind us lie a coIupie of lions ; whether awake or asleep, we canttl but we expect them to
rush afterit s every i~oment !" This faid, without waiting for a reply, they darted forwards in such a violent hurry, that they ifeli downthe hill, and were both of them dashed to pieces. Cbristia wvs so much intimidated at the account they had given him, and so much alarmed at the fuddenj destruction into which their fears had precipitae themW, that he was at a loswhat course to take. In this critical infItnt he lt41rought hirv~eW o~f big rl. But who' can describe te terror and aonym which pierced hihrt when be difcoverecd that his roll wvaslot
tht olwhich was the contanit assurance of his lie, a-adhi accepance in the city to which bie %Vas trv ellisig. He wrung his hands, he wept almi, and upbraided himself a thousand and a to




23 The Christian Pilgrim.

and times for his unpardonable folly, in not being more careful of such an invaluable treasure. At last he bethought himself, that he might probably have left it in the arbour; ant, upon this, he made the heft of his way back, looking carefully along each side of the way as he went, and reproaching himself in the severest manner, for having been so stupid as to sleep away his time, in a place in which it was intended be should only rest himself. When he came to the atbour, his heart fluttered with hope and fear; and, when he entered the door, he trembled in every joint, as if that moment was to determine his life or death. But what a sudden tide of joy overwhelmed him, when he discovered his roll under the seat he flew to the precious object with trembling, eager haste; and, having instantly secured it in his bosom, he then dropt upon his knees, and with tears of gladness in his eyes,













returned thanks to Heaven for restoring to him, what he prized beyond the riches of both the Indies.
After his first transports had subsided, he resumed his journey, and travelled up the hill the second time with so much alacrity, that about the dusk of the evening he came within sight ofa stately palace, called &Lauaiful, which stood almost close to the road.





The hr...ti Pilgri. 20,

Making as much haste, therefore, as he wasable, that he might arrive in time to proICure admittance, he came to a very narrow passage, Oout a furlong from the porter's lodge ; and looking rryohnarwly before him as he passed along it, he espied two lions at the further end. The moment they saw iil, thy setup such a dreadful roaring, made the very ground tremble beneath his feet ; and he expected eeryinstant that they would have rushed upon hit. But














the porter, whose name was Watcbful, perceiving the distress he was i, cried out to him to advance; assuring him, at the same time, that the lions chained, and were placed there only to try faith of those who were travelling to Zion ; sott f he kept in the midst of the road, and took care bow he walked, he might come forwards without danger. Christian followed his directions with punctuality, and although the lions came near him on each side, he passed them very safely. When he came to thegate, before which the porter was standing, he inquired to whom the building belonged, and whetherbe might havelea to lodge there till the next mornig. The
C 2





0T Christian Pilgrim.

plied, that the palace was built bythe Lord of the hill, for the refreshment and security of pilgrims ; and then proposing several necessary questions concerning the character and the business of his new visitor, to all which Christian returned the most satisfactory answers, he rung a bell. The sound of it instantly brought to the door a very sedate and beautiful virgin, whose name was Discretion. Being informed that Christian requested a lodging in the palace, fhe courteously inquired who he was, from whence he came, and whither he was going; the likewise asked him who directed him into the road, and how he got rid of the burden which she knew he musthave brought upon his thonlders from his native pj ce, the city of Destruction. When he had answered IC her inquiries in the most open and unexceptionable manner, fhe called her three sisters ; and in a moment three lovely virgins made their appearance. Their names were Piety, Prudencei







41





and Cbarity. As soon as their eldest sisterhad informed them who Christian was, and of the noble pilgrimage he had entered upon, they all united in bidding him heartily welcome, and joyfully conducted him into the palace. After being prevailed upon to seat himfelf, the ladies renewed their inquiries concerning the ua-





The Christian Pilgrim. A1

ture and the motives of his journey, and the remarkable occurrences which had hitherto attended it. They were so much pleased with the account he gave them, that they conceived a very high esteem for him ; and afterwards conversed with him in as friendly and unreserved a manner, as if they had been intimately acquainted with him for'many years. But Cbarit; being informed that he had a wife and four small children, "wherefore then, said she, with the most engaging tenderness, did you not persuade them to bear you company? Christian replied, with the tear of affection in his eye, that he had done his utmost to engage them to follow him. But whether it was owing Io the bad example, and the more prevailing influence of his wicked neighbours, or to any other cause,-all his entreaties and persuasions were ineffectual :-a circumstance, he said, which gave him unutterable pain. Thus saying, he fhed a flood of tears.
When their conversation was ended, they were in. formed by the servant in waiting that supper was upon the table. But wiat overff ing gratitude filled the heart of poor Cbrii;an" when held the entertainment which is provided for him! It was indeed, to use the language of an inspired writer, a feast of fat things, and of wine upon the lees well refined.
After supper was over,-" The good things we have been partaking of, said Piety, must naturally remind us of the Prince from whose bounty we received them, andto whom the palace itself belongs. It cannot therefore be disagreeable to our worthy guest, to devote the remainder of the evening to his memory." Christian replied, that it was the very thing he wished for. Upon this, one of the ladies related one circurnstance, and another enlarged upon a second and a third. each of them supplying her part of conversation in an edifying and entertaining manner.The substance of what they said was,-that the Lord of the hill, who was the Prince of glory, had been a famous warrior, and that he had bravely fought with,





Sf The Chritian Pilgrim.

and slain him who had the power of death, though with the most imminent danger to himself ;-that he had undergone the severest hardships, and encountered the most formidable dangers, from the purest and most disinterested love for his people ;-that at last, from the same generous motive, he condescended to fall a sacrii e to the malice of his enemies, and to sutfer -a painful and ignominious death upon the cross;that after he had been subjected to the gloomy horror's of the grave for three days and nights successively, he was again restored to life, and ascended in a triumphant manner to the celestial mansions, where he still resides beloved and adored by attending an. gels, and by the spirits ofjust men made perfect ;that s0me of the family had both seen and spoken with him since his glorious resurrection, and heard him declare, that his love to faithful pilgrims was so A warm and affectionate, that he would not dwell in the celeftial city without them ;-and lastly, that to confirm his gracious promise, he had actually preferred many of tremrn to princely dignities and honours, though by birth they were mere beggars and vagabonds.





The Chritian Pilgrim. U5

In this agreeable conversation they passed away their time till mid-night, when, after devoutly recommending themselves to the protection of Heaven, they all retired to rest. The apartment, to which Christian was conducted, was a spacious room, which faced the eastern-sun ; and it was called the chamber of Peace. Here our weary pilgrim soon resigned himself to sleep, and forgot all the toils and dangers oftheday. When the cheerful rays of the morning had diffused their golden lustre over the tops of the mountains, they all rse from their beds; and returning thanks to Him whose wachful providence bad protected them during the slumbers of the night, they again recommended themselves to his unwearied goodness, to secure them from the dangers and allurements of the succeeding day. This done, Christian would willingly have resumed his journey. But they insisted'upon his continuing where he was, till they had indulged hifn with a sight of the curiosities which the palaceafforded; and he thankful consented. Accordingly, they conducted him into tse Strdy. Here among innumerable other rarities they showed him several records of the most venerable antiquity. In one of those he read the pedigree of the Lord of the Hill, and saw that he was the well beloved and the only begotten Son of the Ancient of dayr; he likewise found a very circumstantial and affecting detail of the various exploits he had performed, and of the many distirguishimg and princely favours, which he had conferred upon hundreds of his faithful servants. In another, he saw a particular account of the worthy deeds which had immortalized the names of many pilgrims who had travelled to Zion before him ; as for instance, that they had subdued kingdoms, stopped the mouths., of lions, walked unhurt in the midst of flaming fur. naces, defied the edge of swords, sustained the shock




3+,. The Christian Pilgrim.

of numerous hosts, aild put to flight whole arrfieb ol aliens. lIn a tiitd, he read a list of many extraordinary prophecies and predictions, -hicht bad te~n punctually and even litevally accompiheto Ohe awmaz"Imett anxd confusion of in1tideis, au4d the conaoiazl~o and joy of the faithful. ThL also sfedhin a uumhfr of cui o %mes whtch w,,ie rysally to be admired for their a!'itquity, aild as the successful ittstrumteuts w hit-i had twe employed in mat wonderful atchIeI'emew, ; such as the rod of Moses, which baffled the sk*41 of all the maticians of E-ypt ; the hammet ansd nail with which Jaei ~pierced the temples of Siser-z ; the pitchers, trumpets, and lamps with %hichi Gideoa put to flfight the armies of Mtidian; tht go~ad with which Sltarnar slewv tic e three hvindred de the jaw-hotie of an ass, with













whiA Sarnps", slew the- Philstines, heapq upon lwa!,s; the s e'therri's sling atid stone with which the striplimng David hsitnled the pride of Goliath, the gigantic champion of idolatrv,-.-amd the-iemendous sword with which the Lord of the Hill




The Gkhitian Pilgrim. 80
will slay the man of sin, when he arises to take his final vengeance on his enemies.
The last place they led him into was the Armoury, inas which they shewed him a vrity of wea ,ons for the use of pilgrims, as sw shield, helmet, breastplate, all-prayer, and s that would not wear out. Here was a dicient number of them to have armed as many men, for the service of the Lord of the Hill, as there are stars in the firmament of heaven.
The next morning he was about to resume his journey; but they desired thaA he should ot leave them till they had shewn him the Dectfile Mountainsi wich could not fail, they ad,













to afford Am the most delightful and animatinl prospect as being much nearer to the celestial city,,than the place where he then was. Accord. ingly ag soon as the new-risen sun had dispel led the vapours of the tight, and unveiled ti face of nature, they led him to the top of the palace, and putting a telescope into his hands,
t*




The Cbriftian Pilgrim.
desired him to point it towards the south. When he had thus done, his eyes were suadeoly ravished with the most enchanting scene they had ever beheld. Before him rose a majeti pile of mountains, whose gentle slopes %e~e interspersed with groves, vineyards, and flowery lawns ; he could likewise distinguish the tents of thu shepherds, which were pitched every here and thure at such convenient distances, that it was easy to discover that the flocks were tended with the utmost care and regularity. The ladies farther informed him, that from the summits of those delightful mountains he might discern the gate of the celestial city ;-a prospect, they said, to which the good shepherds would introduce him, because the country they occupied (which %as likewise called Immanuel's Land) belonged to the Prince of Glory, and was imended, like the palace in which he now was, for the refreshment of weary pilgrims. The heart of Christian was so much inflamed by the glorious sight he had seen, and the account he had heard, that he eagerly requested leave to resume his journey. Piety, Prudence, and Ch. rity, were willing he should; and, harnessing him from head to foot, lest he should meet with assaults in the way, they conducted'him to the gate of the palace ; and, after cautioning him to take care how he travelled down the hill, and informing him, #hat in the valley of Ilumiliatian, which lay at the foot of it, he must expect to meet with several difficultie and dangers, they presented him with a loaf o bread, a bottle of wine, and a cluster of raisins and then bid him God-speed in the most heartI and affectionate manner.




The Christian Pilgrim. ST
When he passed by the- lodge, the porter
informed him, that another pilgrim had gone by the palace, about an hour or two before, who said his name was Faithful. As the person he mentioned happened to be a townsman, and a near neighbour of Christian's, he was very desirons to overtake him; and, therefore, tbankiog the porter for his civility, he struck into the road immediately, and made the best of his way.
But as be had found it difficult coming up the hill, he found it dangerous going down: for, with
S all his care, he made several slips before he
reached the bottom. So hard is the task to descend into the vale of Humiliation without stumbling! But there poor Christian had a severer trial than any he had met with before; for no sooner had he entered the valley, but he discovered a hideous Demon advancing across it to meet him, whose name was Apollyou. When Christian first beheld him, he was terrified, and queried whether to go back or stand his ground.
But when he recollected that head no armour to defend his baek, sothat to run away must have lain him entirely open to the shafts of his pursuing enemy, and greatly increased his danger instead of removing it, he resolved to advance. As soon as he came within his reach. Apollyon beheld him with a haughty frown, and fiercely asked him, in a voice which resembled the loud and rusty grating of a prison door, whence he came, and whither he was going ? Christian replied, that he came from the City of Destruction, the abode of every evil, and was travelling to the New Jerusalem.Y L"Indeed said Apollyon; then it is plain that
vou must be one of my subjects; for I am the
D




88 The Christian Pilgrim.

prince, and the God of the country which you have deserted, and might therebfore justly punish your presumption with inftant death. But fo great is my clemency, that if you will immediately return to your allegiance, I promise to forgive what is past, and grant you every encouragement which my kingdom will afford."-"I despise both your service and your wages, answered Christian; for the wages of sin is death, and have therefore engaged myself to the Prince of glory, and am determined to be faithful to my new sovereign." Apollyon was so enraged at the unyielding firmness of his answer, that he cried out in a furious tone,-" I detest your Phince, and all who belong to him ; and I am determined that you shall advance no farther." But the pilgrim, not in the least dismayed by his angry menaces, calmly cautioned him to beware what he did, telling him that he was in the king's high-way, the way of holinefs, in which he had no right to give him any interruption.-" The king's high-way," cried Apollyon,," despifeyourKing. Prepare then, prepare forinstant death; for this moment shall be thy last." Thus saying, he hurls a dart at the breast of his antagonist. But Coristian having nimbly caught it upon his faithful shield, immediately unsheathed his sword, and employed it with all the courage and agility he was master of. Ap&lyon, still more enraged at the resistance he met With, threw his flaming shafts asthick and dreadful as a storm of hail, by which Christian, ne withstanding his utmost care to prevent it, was wounded in his Head, and in his Hand, and Feet. The fiend endeavoured to pursue the advantage; and Christian, who had likewise exerted himself to good purpose, as manfully withstood him. In this n~anner they c(ntended for half a day. But then the stre gth of Christian was so much exhausted, that he -'a, scarcely able to support hin-self. Apollyon disc~xni-g this, began to close with him, and after a few struggles, gave him such a dreadful fall, that





The Christian Pilgrim. $9

Christians sword flew out of his hand. "Now, cried the arch-apostate, I am sure of thee now!' But while the insulting fiend was preparing to strike the mortal blow, Chriflian bethought himself of his other weapon called All-Prayer ; and instantly drawing it from the sheath, he plunged it with his utmost force into the monster, crying out with recovered confidence"rejoice not against me, 0 mine eneey : tbo' I ha* fallen, I shall riseagain! Upon this Apollyos sud denly gave back ; and spread forth his dragon's
wings, and I saw him no more.
After this desperate engagement was over, Cbhrtian fell upon his knees, and returned his warmest thanks
to that divine, though invisible energy, which had at last made him victorious over sch a formidable antagonist. I then saw with altonisluent that a hand approached him, with some of the leaves of
the tree of life: upon applying these to his wonr ,' they were healed in an instant. Thus wond I% k
relieved, he sat down upon the grass, and after tlan fully refreshing himself with the bread and & which had been given him in the morning, he rose dp,
and resumed his journey with his drawn sword in his hand,-not knowing, he said, but Apollpn might renew his visit. In this however he was agreeably mistaken.
But when he came to the end of the valley of
Humiliation, he found himselfjnst at the entrance of another, where he met a couple of men, who were returning from it in a violent hurry, and with visible marks of horror and disappointment in their very countenances. Upon his inquiring the reason, they informed him that the valley before him was called the valley of the shadow of death ; that it was covered with increasing darkness ; that they had ventured so far into it, that they could scarcely see their way; and that they were alarmed at every step by such fearful noises, and more fearful sights, as they had never met with before ; so they thought themselves




40 The Chris tian Pilgrim.

happy, they had been able to regain the entrance, and hoped that he would be better advised than to hurry himself into the same dangers which they had just escaped with the greatest difficulty. Gbristian however, observing, that the high road lay directly through the place, of which they had given such a discouraging account, paid little regard to what they said. But when he had entered the valley, he soon found that they had not exaggerated even a single circumstance. For on the right hand, throughout the whole length of it, there was a ditch, or rather an unfathomable abyss, into which the blind have led the blind in all ages, to the mutual destruction of both ; and on the left hand there was a bottomless quagmire into which king David had once the misfortune to fall, a!Id where he would probably have been smothered, had. not He who is able disengaged him. The pathwav between them was likewise so exceedingly narrow, that while Christian endeavoured to shun the ditch on the one hand, be was ready to tp over into the mire on the other; and when he ene",dav~ured to avoid slipping into the mire, be was liable every moment to fall into the ditch To Increase his danger, the path was so dark, that when he had ifted up his foot to go forwards, he was often at a. loss where he might venture to set it down again. Bnt, about the middle of the valley, the mouth of bell, like that of a raging volcano, opened upon him almost close to the road; and out of it issued ftreams, of liquid fire and heavy clouds of smoke, by which he was in danger of being Rtifled. As he was sensible that his sword could he of little use to him in' his present situation, he returned it into the scabbard, and lifting up his hands towards heaven, cried out with uncommon earnestness,-" I beseech thee, 0 Lord, deliver my soul." In this melancholy manner he travelled several miles: but when be had with the uttmost difficulty passed the limits of the gulf, he heard a troop of Fiendi advancing towards him with1





The Christian Pilgrim. 41

the rapidity of a whirlwind. What to do 1be could not tell; but thinking it upon the whole to be as safe to go forwards as to venture back through the same dismal road by which he came, he drew his faithful weapon called #-Prayer ; and, when he thought that his enemies were within a few yards of him (for it was so very dark, that he could not see them) he cried t in a resolute tone,~"I will advance in the stren of the Lord of Hosts." The words were scarcely out of his mouth, before they retired, and he heard them no more. But soon after they had left him, a mischievs sprit stole softly behind him, and, following hi so gently that he ss pected nothing of the matter, whispered into his e many grievous and wicked blaphemis, which he thought at firsthad proceeded fromis own disorder imagination. He was for a while so mt ocked, to think that he could be cap-able of such 'horrid ingratitude and inconsistency, that he was readyto sink into the earth. But observing that those W phemrous suggestions were interrupted as often h put his fingers into his ears, and from thence ejecturing the true cause of them, he made a sudden firoke behind him with the never-failing weapon he held in his hand; upon which the phantom flew back in an instant. I had almost forgot to observe, Iat when our disconsolate pilgrim had passed the middle of this melancholy vale, he heard, or thought he heard, the voice of a man, who was travelling some distance before him, crying out-" though I walk through the 'valley of the shadow of death I will fear no ill, for thou art with me." He persuaded himself that this was the voice of his friend Faithful; and though the path was so dangerous that he could not prudently attempt to overtake him, yet it gave him no small encouragement to think that another pilgrim had in a great measure surmounted the difficulties of the passage, and that he was likely to find a trufty companion as soon as he had got clear of the valley.
D2





42 Tim Christian Pilgrim.

After Chrit in had disengaged himself from the mischievous phantom above mentioned, the morning returned, and gave him' a more distinct and open view of the many dangers he had escaped. The sight, as might well be imagiu~d, excited his gratitude and astonishment. And now having the friendly light of the sun to guide him, he completed the passage, without meeting with ay material accident. He then prostrated himself upon the earth, and in that humble Posture presented his most devout and fervent praises to the all-gracious power of Heaven, which had so happily conducted him through this dangerous and solitary vale. After he had thus poured forth the tribute of his gratitude, he resumed his journey, and soon came to a gentle eminence, from the summit of which he discovered his neighbour Faithful, at a little distance before him. As soon as he came within call of him, he cried out to him to stop : But the other not recollecting who he was, and suspecting, perhaps, that he had some treacherous design upon him, travelled forwards without attending to what he said. Chris-tian then exerted all the strength he had, and quickly passed him without speaking a syllable. But as he was smiling to himfelf, in a vain glorious manner, at the thoughts of o;4r travelling a brother Pilgrim, who had prudently
* refuifed to wait for him, he suddenly stumbled and
fell, and was fo much disabled by the violent shock he received, that he could not rise from the ground,
till Faitbfud came up and assisted him.
When Christian had sufficiently recovered l4imself,
they went on together very lovingly, each relating what had happened to him in the courfe of his pilgrimage.
When honeft 'Faithfuld had flnifhied the account of'
his adventures, Christian and he, happening to cast their eyes to the further side of the road, beheld a nan wto seemed to be travelling the fame way as





The Christia Pilgrim. 4

themselves. He was rather taller than the commn size, and looked more agreeable at a Oistance, than upon a nearer view. His name was Talkative, to which his character eucly .corresponded; for after they had faluted him, and he them, as brother pilgrims, his tongue began to run Like the clack of a mill, and he spoke upon the numerous butunconnected variety of topics without either sentiment or feeling. This superficial and desultory manner of conversing being very disagreeable to Chn:/km and his companion, him to confine his remarks to sonme particular fubject. 11 By all means, said he, I will begin upon any topic you think proper, and discourse either upot tfiiu celefial, or things terrestrial; things moral, ortjings evangelical ; things sacred, or things profane; -tu or things to come ; thingsiforegn, o thuW'.a tic; things essential, or things mereycis~tgI i, in short, gentlemen, I glory to acknowledgita have always been fond of reading. It is the means of enriching the mind with a copious variety of and affords a continual gratification to the quisitive curiosity. Besides, it enables us to improve and entertain our friends, and when occasion requires, to support the cause of tru" and religion, against the open attacks of infidels, and the insidious attempts of false brethren. But though I have with pleasure perused the writings of all our eminent divines, the bible was ever my favourite book, for it contains such a variety of important occurrences, lofty fentiments, magnificent descriptions, and beautiful lessons of morality, that it never has had, nor ever will have its equal." As he was proceeding in this vain-glorious rhapsody, they interrupted him, by observing, that, although what he had been saying might be strictly true, the most valuable and proper end of knowledge, was not to gratify curiosity, or furnish matter for oftentation, but to improve and purify the heart; and that the bible, which is indcd




44 The Ckrirtian Pilgrim.

the richeft treasury of useful knowledge, was not composed to amuse the fancy, but to reclaim us from that universal corruption and infidelity, which had overspread the earth ; to unfold the true character of the Messiah, as the only mediator between God and man, to invite us to a humble participation of the blessings he has procured for us, to enforce the molt punctual and disinterefted obedience to his laws, in thought, word, and deed$' to subdue our pride, and mortity our passions, and to raise our views and hopes trom transitory enjoyments, to exalted and never fading delights. Talkative, who could not endure to be contradicted, or to have his knowledge called in queftion, and being moreover stung with a secret consciousness that his tongue was the only religious part about him, replied, that he knew all this before ; but told them, that as he found they were entirely upon the catch, and only meant' to cavil at what he said, he was resolved to quit their company, and leave them to quibble by themselves. As they had small reason to regret the loss of his company, they travelled on very cheerfully without him. But their converfistion was soon interrpebythe sudden prospect of a city, at a small ditac before them, which presented a dazzling but Disorderly assemblage of gilded temples, triumphal
arches, splendid palaces, and stupendous columns, which seemed ambitious to rear their heads above the clouds. The name of this aspiring city was Vanity, and I was informed, by a person who called him3elf the Register of Antiquity, that it had been waund, amsth behel tosn remarably populwas foande almsthnxbhoad ytearsand poplwys.A the road to the Newn Jernsalem lay directly through it, so that there was no possibility of shunning it, without going out of the world, the Prince of Darkness, and his proud associates, who had always been the ruling magistrates, very artfully contrived to set up a public fair, which was to continue all the year





The Cbriftian Pilgrim.

without. intermissioni. Tn this mart, all kinds of ,w.ares were exposed to sale, and in such amazng plenty, that every man might End oehn to fuit him. For the ambitious there were boorprefermcints, and splendid equpae. FrteVlpur there was a* profu~sion of the richest wine4 adthe Most exquisite dainties. Th iser hda qap portunity of gratifying is avarice ; for npro who couldshu hi cas againft the busy rmntn cvs of cosine n h mo~ving pes of uaiy might puchs hoss ladetts esos n


coudtesre. ~r

their speaking a ifralnug rmteihbt
4s, drew about~ them a rdgosrodo epc

t~jni expressing a maliciu kesntmnt at terp
the habits Vi the ftrsothplc.Cih" however, an~d his hule opnoto ngo
part ; ad their mc n nfesv eaiu
gradually silenced the clZiWm, an vepwee the malice of the riotos mob~ which urone them., But a pedlar happening to as hmwa they cose~ to buy, and they very innocenty replyig that they had no occasion for any thing~ which was soid in Vanity Fair, the whole city wa prelently up in arms again*f them~. They were represented asin so s spies, who, disusn themselves in~ the garb simplicity to conceal the m~ischief they intended, came on purpose to depreciate the wares, and injure the traffic of thec place. Under colour of this invidi ous accusation, they were dragged before a petty magistrate, who, without condescendimg even to hear their defence, ordered them to be scourged with the utmnost severity, and4 afterwards Counred in prifon.




Tbe Christian Pilgrim.

When Christian and Faithful had lain some
time in the prison, the latter was brought out to be tried. The name of the, judge was Church Tyranny, and. the indictment against the harmless prisoner at the bar was-!-" that he was an enemy to the traffic and welfare of the city ; and that he had fomented riots and seditions among the inhabitants, and seduced a party of them, to embrace his own dangerous opinions." After all the evidences had been heard, the judge, beholding the prisoner 'with a revengeful frown, and bestowing upon him all the odious appellations he could think of, ordered him to make his defence. The heroic Failhful replied with a noble composure, thatt as to his injuring the traffic of the city, lhe had only refused to purchase those commodities which he had no occasion for, and which he knew would be hurtful to the buyer ;-that as to his fomenting tumults and seditions, this was always farthest from his thoughts, unless a person who bore unmerited abuse with patience, and returned good for evil, and blessing for railing, might be deemed an incendiary ;-and lastly, that as to his seducing a part of the citizens, to follo* his example and leave their country, he acknowledged that their fudden departure might be owing, in some measure to their approving what they saw and heard in his behaviour and conversation, but he was, however, convinced, that they had taken the best and most effectual step Sto promote their own happiness." The words were
scarcely out of his mouth, when the judge exclaimed that he was a heretic, and a traitor, and sentenced him to death. This sentence, which the pilgrim received with a faitle of triumph, was barbarously executed. -But behind 'the multitude I beheld a flaming chariot, which was surrounded by guardian angels. As foon as Faithful had been dispatched by his enemies, his spirit was conducted to the chariot, and after the bright messengers of heaven had saluted
him with melodious strains, he was wafted through




The Christian Pilgrim. 47

the clouds and conveyed in an instant to the celestial gate. Cbrirtian, who likewise discovered













his ascent, would have bee glad to have owed hijs companion. But towards midnight a )rius visitor, who faid he was the Prodene f er,
ordered Christan to arife and follow him ad, i a moment, the fetters wre loosened from his wrists and ankles, and he now felt himself as willing to escape, as he was before desirous to imitate the death of Faithful. When they came to the gate,
which was secured by three locks of a proi ious strength, it immediately opened of itself whou the least noise; and so they both walked t perceived, and travelled nimbly through the sets, till they got safe into the road beyond the city. But there, after exhorting Christian to make the best of his way, and promising him every necessary assistance, the celestial being disappeared. After he had travelled fomre miles, and till he was pretty well out of danger, he overtook a man considerably younger than himself, whole name was Hopeful. This trav-y. eller, who had often seenChri.tian in the city of Vanit, immediately hailed him as a fellow pilgrim, and informed him, that he had been induced to fet out from his native home, and take the road to Zion, by




48 The Christian Pilgrim.

the noble defence of Faithful, at whofe trial, he said, he was present among many others of his wicked countrymen ; and as he could not but be fenfible, from what he had feen, that Christian was actuated by the fame principles and views as his murdered brother, he expressed the sincerest joy at his being so happily overtaken by the very perfon, whom of all others he would most wish to have for his companion. Cbhstian and Hopeful purfued their journey through various difficulties ; and following Presumptuou.r Confidence, they were lodged in the Castle of Giant Despair, where they suffered the greatest hardships, but were at last mercifully delivered.
They then went on till they came to the Delectable Mountains, which belong to the Lord of the Hill alreadymentioned, whofe fides were interspersed with beautiful gardens, and fertile vineyards, and fountains of the purest water, from which they plentifully refreshed themselves. On the tops of these mountains were shepherds, whofe names were Knoledg, Experience, Watchful and Sincere. They informed the pilgrims that the mountains were Emanuel's Land, and within sight of the Celestial City. Having received various instructions from the shepherds, they proceeded from the mountains along the high way towards the city, and passed a little crooked lane which led into the road from the country of Conceit. Here they were met by a smart lad of that country whose name was Ignorance, who, informed them, that he alfo was going to the Celestial City ; upon conversing with him, they found that his expectations of reaching it were exceedingly irrational and absurd, and that he was very obflinate and conceited. Having given him advice, left him and went on their way, till they perceived a man coming to meet them, with his back turned towards Zion. The name of this person was Adtbeist, who, upon hearing that they were going to Mount Zion, burst into a mosb violeilt fit of laughter, and by representing





Vh, Chriorban Pzlgrs..9

their journey as a most ridiculous undertaking, endeavoured to prevail on them to desist from going any farther.-But they were aware that this man was an arch deceiver, and therefore rejected his advice, and went on, until they came to a country, the air of which had fo natural a tendency to make men drowfy, that it was with fame difficulty they could keep themselves awake. To prevent this, they entered into good discourse, which they kept up till they got out of this country, which was caled the Bcanted Ground.
SThey now entered into the country of EBsesk, whose air was very fwed and pleafant, and directly through which their road lay-Here they were continually delighted with the harmonious singing of birds, and walked every day amidst a proffisl( of the most odoriferous flowers. Here they bsdusht of the city to which they were going, and upon drawing near to it they perceived that it was built of pearls and precious stones, and that the streets were paved with gold. Proceeding still further on their way, they came to a place abounding with orchard vineyards, and gardens, the gates of which opened into the highway. In this pleasant situation tlsq tarried and slept. And when they awoke, they prae pared to go up to the city. They were now met by two men in bright raiment, whofe faces shone le themorning light.-These men inquired from whence they came, what difficulties they had encountered, and what pleafures they -had enjoyed on their way; these questions being answered, they were informed that they would only meet with twomore'difficulties, before they reached the city. ow, betwixt them and the gate, there was a deep river, over which there was no bridge, at the sight whereof, t9 pilgrims were much disheartened, but finding that there was no other way to the gate, but by crossing this river, they inquired of the men, if the waters were all of an equal depth, who informed them, that
E




0The Christian Pilgrim.
they would find it shallower or deeper, according as they believed in theKing of the place. C
They then entered into the waters, when Ciritzan soon began to sink, and crying out to his friend Hopeful, he faid, I sink in deep 'waters, the billows go over my head, all the 'waters go over me. But Hopful bid him be of good cheer, for that he felt the bottom, and that it was good. It was with great difficulty, that Hopeful could keep his brother's head above water, but he endeavoured to comfort him by j telling him, that he saw the gate, and men waiting to receive them ; he alfo informed him, that the troubles and distresses which he had gone through in thofe waters, were no sign that God had forsaken him, but were intended to try whether he retained a grateful remembrance of God's infinite goodness towards him, and would rely on him in his distresses.
These comforting exhortations had the desired ef. feet on the dejected mind of Christian, and his fears began to subside, which Hopeful perceiving, he again bid him be of good cheer, for that Jesus Christ maketh whole. Upon which Christian cried with a loud voice, Oh I fee him again, and he tells me 'when thos passeth the 'waters, I will be qitb thee* and through rivers, they shall not o'veriow thee.
Christian now taking courage, found ground to stand on, and the rest of the river being but shallow, they soon got over. Upon the bank of the river, on the other side, they faw the two shining men again, who faluted them, saying, We are ministering spirits fent forth to minister to those that shall be
heirs of salvation. They then proceeded towards the gate, which stood on an exceeding high hill-they ascended it, however, with ease, being assisted by those two men. As they went on their way, they were entertaned, by the two shining men, with a most delightful account of the glory of the place. There, said they, is Mount Zion, the heavenly Jerusalem, the innumerable company of angels, and the spirits of just men





The Chriaian Pilgrim.

,made perfect. You are going now, said they, to the paradise of God, wherein you sheal see the Tree of Life, and tafte the never fading fruits thereof; upon your arrival, you will be clothed in white rbes,and be every day admitted to the company of the King. There you shall no more experience sorrow, sickness, affliction, and death.
._ Then Hopeful and his .companion wh
they were to do in theHolyPalace? Theywanfwered, that there they would receive the comforts of all their toil, andjoy all their sorrow; tha they should reap whtteha o ,evnt fu.
oall their prayers, tears, and should wear a crown of god and enjoy tre sight of the HOLY ONE, and serve iim with praise, with shutIn and than they should again enjoy ths thie d whfhdgoethrebfoethm and receive, with c t w ,o
follow 'after themt ; tha whnteKn aewt
found of trumpets in thec Wing of the Mind, they should come with
when he sat on the throne of Judgmnwt, they hol sit by him : When he should come back agan city, they also should return, with the sound trumpet, and be ever with him.
While they were thus drawing towards the g behold the company of the heavenly hoftcame out to meet them, to whom the two shining oxe: presented Hopeful and Cbristian, saying, these are the men who have loved our Lord when they were in the woid, and who have left all for his holy nante, and we being sent to accompany them, have brought them thus far mn their desired journey, that they may go in and look their Redeether in the face with joy. There came out also at this time to meet them several of Ihe King's trumpeters, clothed in white and
-aiment, who made even the heavens to echo with tl- loud and melodious founds of their trumpets.
iey then encompassed them round on every side,




69 The Chs-stian Pilgrim.
to guard them through the upper regic
nag their trumpets continually as th with joyful melody, and high founding nificat of that pleafure and gladnefs m they came out to meet them. Here alfo t vew of the city itself, and their ears were dc.. with the ringing of bells to give them a welc admission.
Upon their arrival at the gate, they perceived w-, ten over it in letters of gold, "Blessed are they tha. do his commandments, that they may have a title to the Tree of Life, and enter through the gates into the city." The shining men then bid them call at the gate, which, when they had done, thre angels looked over the gate from above, whom they informed, that the pilgrims were come from the city of Destructions through the love they bore to the KiNo of that place ; then each of the pilgrims delivered unto them his certificate, which he had received at the beginning of his journey, which were carried into the King, who when he had read them, inquired where the pilgrims were ; being answered, that they were standing without the gate, the King commanded it to be opened, that the righteous, who kept he truth, might ene.
As the two pilgrims entered the gate, they were transfigured, and had raiment put on them which
shone like gold. There were alfo brought unto them harps and crowns ; the harps to sound the pramies of the King, and the crowns in token of honor. The bells of the city rang again for joy, and numerous voices were heard to fay, Enter ye into the joy of your Lord. The pilgrims themfelves also sung with a loud h, ice, faying, Elefilug, Honor, Glory and Power be to him that sitteth upon the throne, and to the Lafor ever and ever. While I witnessed their entrance, I wished myfelf among them. So I and behold, it was
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