Elmo Proctor Interview 2009

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Elmo Proctor Interview 2009
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Oral history interview
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Oral history
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United States of America -- Florida -- Alachua

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UF Samuel Proctor Oral History Program
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UF Samuel Proctor Oral History Program
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spohp - MFP 027B
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The Foundation for The Gator Nation An Equal Opportunity Institution Samuel Proctor Oral History Program College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Program Director : Dr. Paul Ortiz 241 Pugh Hall Technology Coordinator : Deborah Hendrix PO Box 115215 Gainesville, FL 32611 352 392 7168 352 846 1983 Fax The Samuel Proctor O ral History Program (SPOHP) was founded by Dr. Samuel Proctor at the University of Florida in 1967. Its original projects were collections centered around Florida history with the purpose of preserving eyewitness accounts of economic, social, political, re ligious and intellectual life in Florida and the South. In the 45 years since its inception, SPOHP has collected over 5,000 interviews in its archives. Transcribed interviews are available through SPOHP for use by research scholars, students, journalists and other interested groups. Material is frequently used for theses, dissertations, articles, books, documentaries, museum displays, and a variety of other public uses. As standard oral history practice dictates, SPOHP recommends that researchers refer t o both the transcript and audio of an interview when conducting their work. A selection of interviews are available online here through the UF Digital Collections and the UF Smathers Library system. Oral history interview t ranscripts available on the UF D igital Collections may be in draft or final format. SPOHP transcribers create interview transcripts by listen ing to the ori ginal oral history interview recording and typing a verbatim d ocument of it. The transcript is written with careful attention to refl ect original grammar and word choice of each interviewee; s ubjective or editorial changes are not made to their speech. The draft trans cript can also later undergo a later final edit to ensure accuracy in spelling and format I nterviewees can also provide their own spelli ng corrections SPOHP transcribers refer to the Merriam program specific transcribing style guide, accessible For more information about SPOHP, visit http://oral.histor y.ufl.edu or call the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program office at 352 392 7168. October 2013

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MFP 0 27B Interviewee: Elmo Proctor Interviewer: Khambria Clarke and Amanda Noll Date: August 22, 2009 C: Today is August 22, 2009, and we're here with Mr. Elmo Proctor. I'm Khambria Clarke. N: And I'm Amanda Noll. C: And we're here with the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program at the University of Florida. All right, now, Mr. Proctor, can you start by tel ling us about where you grew up, your childhood? P: Yes. Originally, I'm from Tula, Mississippi. But, at the age of two, I moved to me and my mom, and my brother, then moved to Indianola. We lived in Indianola out on the farm until the year of [19]51. Afte r spending that time out there, I end up with a job at a place called Ludlow. It was a jute factory whereby they did jute for different companies and everything. As a matter of fact, one of the old companies was there in Greenville, called Greenville Mill, and we shipped them polished yarn I worked there for . Unidentified female: Does anybody know Miss Eula Mae? P: I worked there for . five years and a little bit better. And I had this supervisor that was a . when I first went there, was R.A. Nash. And then, Jimmy Lear became our supervisor. When civil rights first got started here, I wasn't exactly afraid of it in any kind of way, but I had something special that motivated me. I was a twenty four year old guy and I goes by the courthouse and I see Mrs. what's the lady's name? She still lives . forget her name right now. At any rate, this lady totally blind, and she's out there fighting and going on, trying to help better situations for blacks. And

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 2 the other lady that was helping her was a cripple. And even if something had happened with these two people, there were no way that the blind lady would have known where to run and the crippled lady couldn't have ran even if she tried, because she walked on her hands and knees. And thinking about that, I said, now, here are these older ladies, one blind, the other crippled, and they out here fighting to make things better for me. I said, I'm going to get in it. I got in it and joined it up, went to register to vote. At that particular time, they tr ied to halfway trick you. They would ask you questions like, what do the amendment of the Mississippi constitution, pay this and all that, said about . what you do in order to vote. Truthfully speaking, wasn't none of that even in the Mississippi const itution. At any rate, I end up passing that exam, and I told well, I done read the whole Mississippi constitution, that part wasn't in there. So, what you want me to put? They kind of laughed. And, after getting that done, it was work from then on. I atten ded all the meetings, I even though I used to go up to Drew where Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer had the place, up there. And, on the night of the fire, I had just left the Baptist school, as we called it. And made a little speech. At that time, Carver Randall was working on his law degree and everything, and he asked me, he said, look, Elmo said, won't you run for mayor? I said, man, can't run for no mayor. I don't enough experience to try to run for mayor. He said, you're good as anybody else up there. Had I know n then what I know now, I may have tried that, because we've had some mayors here that wasn't any good at all. Like I

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 3 say, I worked out there a little bit better than five years. And, which, started trying to get Ludlow's organized. Well, when we got that started, Jimmy Lear came to me. He said, Elmo, if you needed something, why didn't you just come to me? I said, well, Mr. Lear, I said, had I came to you, you may have done something for me. I said, but supposing years later and nothing has changed, my son comes out here. And then, I said, you find out that he was my son; you probably wouldn't even hire him. I said, so, for that reason, I'm not I'm not just fighting for me. I'm fighting for the future of blacks here at Ludlow. After about four or five month s, I was working a swing shift. A swing shift is where you work . two weeks, eight to four. You work one week midnight. You work one week four to twelve. Then you're back to one, midnight to eight. I was making my living, basically, at Ludlow. I was ma king my money, me and a friend of mine, trimming trees. There were weeks on when I was working for the twelve that I was making more trimming trees a week. Sometimes, I would make as much trimming trees in two days as I would a whole week at Ludlow. And Le ar knew this. And what does he do? Put me on straight days. Then I begin to lose money. So I end up quitting. But, in my encounter working there, as we started to get things done a little bit differently and better, there were only four black women working at Ludlow at the time. Had integrated restrooms, integrated I mean, segregated restrooms, eating areas, and things of this nature. So, we finally got that straightened out and got the eating areas integrated. Integrated, in a sense, because the

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 4 white peop le still didn't want you in their eating in what they call their eating area. Nor did they want you in their restroom. Those four black ladies that was working there, things got so much better for them. And, in about six months, they started to hire black women in some of the same positions that the whites was in. As a result of that, they found out that the black women could do as good as a job and do it faster than lots of the whites. So, they end up hiring about eighteen or twenty black ladies. And we di dn't have any black supervisor or anything like that, down in there yarn pit, where they cut the yarn and everything. They end up getting a little supervisor down there, they end up getting a supervisor on the line for people that was weaving the yarn and one thing another. And it started to develop and do a whole lot better. That's when Jimmy Lear decided he was going to fire me. After doing that, I went to Lewis's Groceries. Mind you, now, Lewis's Groceries had one of the personnel managers that was at Lu dlow's at the time, and he knew what I had done, but he he ignored that. He fired me. I mean, he hired me. And there used to be a mayor here, Hutchins. He was still all hung up on this racial thing and didn't want you trying to do anything, because I start ed to try to help get a union in out at . Lewis's Groceries. Modern Line already had gotten their union. But, in the meantime, when I went out there to Modern Line and try to get a job, the man said, look, see, are you Elmo Proctor? I say, yes. He said did you ever work at Lewis's Groceries? I say, yes. He said, well, Mr. Proctor, I'm going to just tell you. We ain't going to ever be able to use

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 5 you. Just like that. So, I never was able to get a job there. But, saying all that, every little move that I made I seen it do just a little bit better. After HUD fined me for a twenty three dollar garnishment. Had been approved for me to get a two hundred and fif ty dollar loan from our credit union, to which I was putting money in. Said, well, Mr. Proctor, you don't fool around and got a garnishment. We going to have to let you go. I say, well, I already got my own money, there. They said yeah, but we can't do that now. Since you've got this garnishment. Biggest story had ever been told. My money, all they had to do to rid of it was write the check. C: Right. P: So he finally let me go. Once I left there, I went to Burdine and Ross . making decent money. Making more than I made when I went to my next job. After I left Burdine and Ross, I went to Valley State That was March 8, 1970. And basically, I've been working at Valley State since that day. I thought I had made a mistake, because when I went to Valley State, I wasn't making the money that I was making at Burdine and Ross. But, in about a year and a half Burdine and Ross shut their business down. And they're no longer in existence now, so far as doing work. But, as time grew, things got a whole lot better at Valley, and I started to make a little bit of money. The thing about working for the state that y ou don't get any other place was, the state was going to put up a retirement plan for you. And, when they put up their retirement plan, that's money you don't see until you get ready to retire. So, I retired in 2004. I stayed retired exactly

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 6 two months. [L aughter] And went back to work. I worked on there so long until I knew a whole lot more people over there than I did at home. And I went back to work, I run the water system over there. People ask me, man, say, you got your retirement and everything, and s aid, I wouldn't be coming back to work. I said, man, look. It's bored at home with nobody but your wife and children, and I know a whole lot more of y'all over here than I do at home. That's why I'm back here at work. So, I don't know exactly when I'll ret ire now, or if I'll retire. Death might I might have to get seriously ill in order to just retire, because we got this thing whereby we play cards during the lunch hour. I go over there, we play cards during the lunch hour and I get my little job done and everything. Then I can come home. I been enjoying the friends playing cards and everything, and also have gotten the job done. I just run that water system, so don't take me but about three hours to check everything that I need checking, except on special occasions like when they need some lead or copper samples ran or other samples ran. We got about six or seven different type of samples that we run. When I get those ran, then I can come home. But this week alone, I went over there on Wednesday at 9:30. It was after 6 o'clock before I got home, because we had a problem with the water. Chlorine wasn't being injected into the water like it should, so that caused me to stay a little bit longer. But, all in all, I am glad that I went to Valley, because of the r etirement thing. I got a little bit better than a hundred and some thousand dollars in the bank. I put it in there when I retired and, so

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 7 far, I haven't touched it. I ain't had no reason to. I ain't no extravagant liver. Why, he say, how come you won't spe nd some of your money? I say, on what? Don't I get y'all everything you want? And everything. I say, I ain't got no need to spend it. It can be for the children when we die. I said, because I don't plan to do a whole lot of traveling. I used to travel pret ty good. I've been several places. And I used to go to Baton Rouge, to Baton Rouge and Southern Game and shoot, like going home. Go down there and you ought to try to pay anybody for letting you stay with them for the game and everything. They'd get mad. T hat that is the friendliest town that I've ever been in in my life. My wife tried to give the lady that she lived with forty dollars. Said, I ain't trying to pay you for letting us stay, I'm just giving you this little token. She went on back in her room, [inaudible 20:03] and everything, come back, the lady crying. She asked, what wrong? She said, you hurt your feelings. I hurt your feelings how? Said, you come here, want to give me some money. I don't want no money from you. I just like your friendship. A nd that's the kind of people that they were. All in all, since all this has gotten together, I'm proud of what I'm doing now and proud to still be at Valley. C: Can you backtrack a little and tell us a little bit more about your work in the movement? Like what did you do, what are some notable things that stick out in your mind? P: Well, basically, what I did I went to the meetings and different areas of the state and places and one thing another like that. The only real thing

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 8 that I've done is simply try and motivate groups of the importance of what this thing can do for us. I address issues like people who were educated enough. See, I'm merely a high school graduate. I graduated out of high school. It opened a lot of doors. It made people that are . have better education look up and say, hmm, he doing all this here. Because that is the first thing I would let people know, that I'm simply a high school graduate. I'm no expert. I say, if need be said, you can call me a peon, and that's exactly the way I phrased it. I told my president that at Valley, one time in a meeting. Everybody still remembers it, because I called myself a peon. Mr. Proctor, you ain't no peon. That man tried at Valley tried to get me off into his corner. And I told him no, I said, b ecause I can't become your friend, and then, one day, something may go down and you end up having to fire me. I said, I would think that you were doing me wrong. I said, and, for that particular reason, I'll stay in my little peon position and everything, doing what I supposed to do, and you stay in your position. And we can get along like that. That's the way I feel about that. C: So, just to clarify, you worked at Valley during the time of the movement? Or this is much later? P: Once I got into the moveme nt, I have never ceased to work and talk to people whenever possible that I could. N: Could you tell us a little bit about the meetings? Like, what exactly went on at these meetings for people who have never been to them?

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 9 P: Well . me and [inaudible 3 1:49], we talked about local issues, things that we would like to see happen, the improvement in things that we'd like to see made in different places, and how and what were some of the things that we might be able to do to make these things happen. We had an old mayor up there, he wasn't worth nothing; Hutchins, he wasn't about nothing. We got a black mayor now. Sad to say, but he's basically all for sale. He ended up ge tting a big raise. They're fixing to try to protest that raise now, he got a raise that was bigger than the salary he was getting. He gave his little aldermen something like . fifteen cents. See what I'm saying? C: Yeah. P: He tried to fire one of the civil rights oh, I wish he had known. I wish he had talked to my partner. He was a moti vator, too. What's his name? Can't think of his name right now. He's written a couple of books and everything, and we still have, from time to time, meetings pertaining to civil rights. As a matter of fact, about, what, four or five months ago, we had . Medgar Evers to come down from Jackson from what I needed and gave a speech and everything. Ms. Lucille Rainey, which is one of our pioneers, she was there. As a matter of fact, she was one of the oldest participants, along with myself, that were there. But we're still involved. We go to city council meetings and things, when they have them, and ask certain questions to find out what they're trying to do. But all in all, everything is fairly well, but

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 10 there's lots of changes that could be made, because, l ike I said, this mayor we got is all for sale. C: So, of course you said you're still active in the movement, making changes. P: Yeah. C: What kind of changes would you like to see happen here in Indianola? P: The one thing I would really like to see is, specifically, our political processes and everything we have here. Make sure that you give each and every person equal opportunity to participate in these programs that we have. If and when, if again, they happen, that would make things a whole lot better Typical example: we're twenty three miles from Greenville, Mississippi, and it is as much different in Greenville, Mississippi, as it is in Chicago, Illinois, almost. C: In what ways? P: We got a black mayor who's doing a heck of a job. We got police chi efs and everything doing wonderful. Greenville and I don't want to think it's because of the casinos, because Greenville was growing and steady growing even before the casinos got there. It is continuing to grow, and I say that, because of the way the city is being ran, is part of the reason that Greenville is prospering as well as it is. N: To backtrack a little again, could you talk about some of the union activities that you were trying to start up and how that all worked?

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 11 P: Yeah. The union I was tryin g to get started up, it's sad to say, it wasn't what I would have liked to have seen. They got the union in at Modern Line. Now, one thing about it: if your factory is going to go union, in my opinion, it should be union. But, at Ludlow, they had at least a third of the people out there that did not belong to the union, and weren't paying no kind of dues. But yet, if these people got in trouble, the same union was fighting for them. They was getting theirs free. In my opinion, that wasn't right. C: So, the unions provided for better rights for the workers, is that the sentiment? P: Yes. Fought for better rights and everything. But, like I say, those that wasn't in the union got the same opportunities. C: Was there a racial overtone to the challenges that yo u experienced working there? P: I never worked there. C: Oh, okay. But working with the union activity? P: There were few people. I just know this from the fact that my wife worked there. But very few of those people even participated in civil rights work in any kind of way. They worked with their union, but no, they did not participate in civil rights. N: Were the unions predominantly black? P: No. N: No.

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 12 P: They had some whites in there, too. They had whites in there, too. The thing about it some of the a reas had supervisors, supervisors that didn't belong to the union. Now, the one thing, had I been a plant manager . if everybody wasn't at least on my supervising staff would have had to be union. But it wasn't that way. Then, finally, the same guy we' re talking about, Hutchins that wasn't no good, the mayor he goes to the plant manager at Modern Line and says, look, man, I'm going to tell you something. Said, I know how you can get rid of that union. He said, what you do is just shut Modern down for a month or so and get rid of all the union folk, and then you can re open it. That man told him, said, look, if I shut Modern down, I'm going to close the doors and ain't going to reopen it. Said, that's just a factory you all with have lost, and that's wha t happened. The only thing that they do at Modern Line is, now, they got three or four factories still here in the United States, and they'll ship parts to the warehouse and distribute them from the warehouse in the local areas. But, as far as anybody just working there: they got four people that work at Modern Line now. N: Wow. How many people do you think used to work there? P: Oh, I would say at least five hundred, maybe six hundred. N: That's a lot of jobs lost for a community. P: Yes, yes. N: In what y ear did that factory close down?

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 13 P: That factory closed down in . [19]92, if I'm not making a mistake. Tell you what. Let me call my wife, she'll know exactly. Oh, I bet she's sleeping. C: Well, that's all right. P: All right. N: Well, that's fine if you can't get a hold of her. C: But you say, generally, just the early [19]90s. P: Yeah. But I'm fixing to call my brother now, Roy. N: [Laughter] P: Hey, how you doing? Good. Is Roy there? Oh, boy. Okay. Roy gone. [Laughter] But it was around that time. N : All right. Was your wife active in the movement at all? Is she from this area? P: Huh? N: Is your wife, was she active in the movement at all? P: No. She was afraid for me. [Laughter] N: That's understandable. P: Yeah, she was afraid for me. Somebody mig ht come here, want to blow up our house. C: Earlier, you mentioned the night of the fire. Were you referring to the fires that happened at Irene Magruder's house and the N: Giles's store. C: And the other

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 14 P: Baptist school. C: Is that what you were refer ring to? P: Uh huh. C: You were here when those things happened? P: Yes. I was at the meeting that night, and we saw an airplane flying around and everything. I don't know, lucky they didn't drop the bomb or whatever on us while we were there, but about an hour or so after we left and we left there about 10:30, we heard fire whistles and things blowing. I said, mm. I wonder where that's at. And see, Baptist school really wasn't too far from where we lived, less than a mile. I got up and went out there and g ot in the car and just made a circle, going to go up through town and see what could I see. I saw the Baptist school on fire. I didn't know Mrs. Magruder's house had been burned till the next morning; neither did I know Mr. Giles's store had got burned unt il the next morning. But I knew the Baptist school had been burned. N: What was the reaction to that? What happened the next day? P: Basically nothing. N: Were there reports in the city newspaper from what was considered, what it a white newspaper? P: Th e Enterprise Tocsin had been there a long time. It's basically ran by white people. They, nobody really printed exactly what happened. Everybody knew, but it wasn't in the paper as if they knew. But we all knew.

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 15 C: You spoke of your family and your wife b eing afraid for you. Was there ever a moment when you were just truly scared for your safety? You're in this movement and these activities that are kind of dangerous, a little bit. P: You know what? And this is the truth the best I can tell it . I may have been crazy, but I never was afraid. Once I started to participate in it, I was never afraid; never was afraid. C: What allowed you to not be afraid in the face of such, you know, imminent danger? P: Because somebody had to do it. Somebody had to do it Like I say, if I can see a blind lady that, if something happens and she has to run, she can't see where she going if I could see a lady that couldn't walk, couldn't get up to run even if she wanted to, and they had guts enough to be out there fighting, what did it look like, me a young man, able to run if I had to and all that, surely ? C: Right. P: And these people here, totally handicapped, out there fighting for me. I'm going to get in, help fight some, too. C: Were there any other close calls that you had? You said that you had just left a meeting before the night of fires. Were there any other close calls you had? P: No. Never had any more close calls. Like I say, they have had a couple of civil rights meetings there at our courthouse. They had meetin gs there in Drew, used to go out there, and we had meetings and things at the center

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 16 here in Indianola. I lost respect of a minister, Reverend David Matthews. They asked him about having a meeting at Bell Grove Church. I wasn't there when he said it, but t he people that told about it, they asked, said, he told them, as hard a time as he's had getting what he had gotten, he wouldn't lose it for nothing or nobody. Guess what this man had nerve enough to do once civil rights started to working good? Had nerve enough to run for state rep. Didn't win, of course, but he had nerve enough to run. I lost respect for him for that. But I don't know, you just you had lots of people. We had another preacher; we was having a little march there in Indianola, and he was com ing on behind the march. The policeman picked him up. He asked, what are they picking him up for? The policeman told me, you're black, ain't you? [Laughter] Yeah, yeah. N: Could you tell us a little bit more about some of the specific activities that you w ere involved with? Were you mainly involved in voter registration, or did you work with some of the Freedom Schools, anything like that? P: Never worked with any of the Freedom Schools. I just was trying to motivate people to vote, go to the polls and regi ster and vote. That was my main objective. C: Were you involved in the Freedom Summer of [19]64 voting drive? P: No. C: No. P: No.

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 17 C: Okay. Did you have a lot of contact with some of the outsiders who were coming into this area, trying to help some of the SNCC members and anything like that? P: Yes, yeah. I done forgot a lot of them's names, but yeah. Plus, I . what was the guy's name that I met? In Belzoni. Oh, boy. He end up crippled. I remember, we was down there, me and the guy that I was talking a bout trimmed trees together. We were fixing to go in this Chinese store and get some, shoot, the Chinese folk wouldn't even let us in there. Well, look who we got here. Hey. N: Hello. Unidentified female: Don't let me interrupt you right here. N: Oh, sorr y. Unidentified female: Let me go around there. [Laughter] Take care, you here? P: Uh huh. You know why we're here? Unidentified female: Huh? P: You know why we're here? Unidentified female: Yeah, I was in an interview in there. P: All right. All right. [L aughter] Bye bye. N: Well, what were we talking about? [Laughter] P: Huh? C: Oh, we were trying to remember where we left off in the interview.

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 18 P: We basically left off about where Reverend Matthews was talking about a time he had getting where he was and everything, that he wouldn't lose for nothing or nobody. C: Right. N: Do you think that a lot of wealthy people who didn't get involved with the movement, why don't you think they were involved in the movement? P: Those that were afraid, and then they foun d out things was moving pretty fairly, they became satisfied with the job that those of us who were out there working was doing. But they refused to say, well, I'm going to join up, too. They wouldn't do that. C: Did a lot of people have that sentiment, or were most people willing to give their service to the movement? P: If you're talking about raising a little money to go places, they would help that way. But, other than that, as far as they would give you money, and then wouldn't nobody see them at the h ouse. [Laughter] C: I guess because everyone was kind of afraid of the consequences. P: Yeah, mm hm. C: Wow, you were involved in a lot of stuff and it's good to hear you tell us about the different things that you were involved in, because surely those th ings have made a difference. Of the changes that have been made here, which one do you think is most significant?

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 19 P: In so many ways, our city has progressed so far as its employees. The city employees, they're treating those people real nice. Now, the may or ain't about nothing, but they're still treating their employees of the city real nice. C: That's good. N: What about your children, and how did they think about the movement that happened here and that you were involved with? I guess just the younger g eneration in general, do you think that they're aware of everything that was sacrificed and work so hard for? Do you think that's important for them to be aware of, as well? P: I tell them about it all the time, and my wife discourages it. But what we were doing not just helped my children. The thing that I was fighting for at the time was not for me and mine. It was for the betterment of the city of Indianola and the county of Sunflower, the areas that I was working in at the time. I've been down to Humphr eys County, also helping down there on a couple occasions. It didn't cost anything to just render your support for people that's fighting for a cause that's going to help you, too. To lend your support was just something that would make them feel better, a lso. N: Well. [Laughter] C: Is there anything else you'd like to add, tell us? P: I guess that, basically, covers about everything. [Laughter] C: Okay. N: Well, I guess that's all the questions we have for you. It was really great to get a chance to inter view you, and we really appreciate you coming out,

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 20 because we think it's important to save these memories as part of history and to teach the youth about it. P: I was glad to come. C: Glad to hear that. P: When Stacy came by and said, I was getting ready to put on dinner, I told them, I'm going to have to be a little bit late putting on dinner, I said, cause I got to go to an interview. [Laughter] C: Well, it was very nice to meet you and, again, we appreciate your being here and helping us with this. P: I was glad to come, honey. Glad to come. Any time that there's something that you guys getting ready to put on, anything, and if you think there might be some way in which I'd be able to help, feel free to get in touch with me, and I'll do whatever I can. N: Sounds great. C: Thank you so much. N: We're certainly going to keep in touch with Stacy White, too, so P: Oh, yeah. Stacy ain't going to let me get away with nothing no ways. [Laughter] Yes, that's my partner. McLaurin that's who I was trying to think of, McLaurin. C: Oh, all right. Charles McLaurin. P: Yeah, Charles. Yeah. N: We're in contact with him, too. P: Oh, good. Good. Did he speak?

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 21 N: I think we've gotten to him in past years. I know I met him last year as well. P: Oh, okay. Okay. Now, I'm goi ng to tell you what. Now, you're talking about a man among men. Charles McLaurin is a man among men. N: He's done a lot for the community. P: Yes. He's a hard worker, a hard worker. Like, when we had those civil rights meetings and things, that [inaudible 54:28] and everything, mostly he's responsible for getting those meetings set up. He's great. He's great. He's got a couple books out, too. N: Really? C: We'll have to check those out. P: Yes. C: All right, well, I guess that concludes our interview. [Lau ghter] P: Okay. I was glad to come. N: We're certainly glad to have you. [Laughter] P: Okay, then. Now I'll go home and cook. [Laughter] Now, my wife, she has had cancer, and she's totally blind in one eye and forty percent blind in the other eye, so unles sing one of the grown kids come over or I'm there, someone has to cook for her. So, I know my job, so I got to go ahead and get on my job. C: Well, I'm sure she appreciates that. P: Yeah. C: Thank you.

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M FP 0 27B ; Proctor ; Page 22 [End of interview] Transcribed by: Diana Dombrowski, September 25, 2013 Audit edited by: Sarah Blanc, January 9, 2014 Final edited by: Diana Dombrowski, March 15, 2014