Whitman, St. Claire, 1868-195?, Autobiographical Material

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Title:
Whitman, St. Claire, 1868-195?, Autobiographical Material
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Creator:
Whitman, St. Claire (1868-1955)
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Economics and Society: Post Civil War Florida, 1865-1913
History -- Cedar Key (Fla.) -- 19th Century
Genre:
Spatial Coverage:
North America -- United States -- Florida -- Levy -- Cedar Key

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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 28158077
System ID:
AA00021330:00001

Full Text





I -.as born in Ot. lair. .is-ouri in t1e year 1868 'e-pte'ber 1Ut-a, but
a f'evj iontihs later y CatLeor orveAd his --mily my uotier, brotrier and myself
to berry, io.a but enroute tLere .e ho..d to stop ai Lt],s Join,.es lo,.,a .er 1oeIhe
aired a cutter, tea-i and driver to carry us there.
-ile o-en our --ay ,.;e .-.ot lost in a .eary sIoDstor0I lue driver uni.hitched
thie noorses from, tie sled Cad told ,y father he would .o lock for :r., Jouse,
leaving us ali in thle cutter. V fae driver never retired. s dO ere be,,'i J.i
to g'et Iuite cold .,y father decided to stLurt r",i-in.. ne sn.ov; ei,-: uite
LLrd miy irotner, O o nCLiio ta se older tran 1, could lk ri on to of

lit, so .iy mother carried me ia ner art.s. iy :i:tner tookC along t.ie carbine to
keet r;olves a"-ay,
nes 1-o Jal0ed alur.:m just ever so often .-- 7 j.0."er 'cauld :ive a call, at
that ti.ei t.lis oL-.tr, v~as o.en prairiee a.nd fri-rn-. 'ouses were Auite u:. distance
a.aurt. h.ter a va.hile .ie sv- a ii-i in t&e &ciiC.-e and e st .. te 01' it uut
lati..r ne i-erd so.ie don..0s b-.ri: E' oC e -ci 'ed is co..rse d and s.-rte in tat
direction9 continued ca!!inj, fia.ly a deer ..as opened.a..-and a ii.:-.t su ot,, out
and the.-en a ;-ai c;.:e oeut to us -and hei_.ed us i--to tnoe -euseo --4ere t.e fCrLaer's
vsife fi.ed a ..ar. ..l.eal ox t-"e u .-., -'.ey. tino.:tt 1 aLs fo0 eii to dCeh ut but
after -ivi.n .je vOar-..t il a..1-d j t" ii.g. -e ne.- tn:e fire I ,;as alri- t, ,.e s.,out
the nig-t taiere. Pest morning toe fc..rtiner and y;- fa .ther ,';et and -eot a-not.nr
i. ".. -..." scuarted iol..tin-. for the cutter, f-tey Icud it and brou .an-.t it to tne
faiL. t..o- t"-:..,y started off loolkiing for be driver and .-,ores "$e: -ou-; tilet.
-.ei ro--..d do.; nea-r tne ies ..einos -ider. fhe ;aa. - s froseo to de:-th
on tle ]:.cL o0 oe:e of tae horses.
Iy U -U decided to t-y a fev; days at taeis far.-t .iose. "fe *..:oriff cmie
a.. jot t.e :orses andt cttor. Ltcr ti farmer, carr-ied us aIll into -or- oto
-.y u le t iT7C. e
,.e n-i -ly settled in. err. in 1369. -n" K:--ter -.orilced v;it. surveyors
surve.ji^ toe "ocK Island, pacific -ailroad froe:, Des nioines to er't .o-odqqe acnid
cut t.-.. oo.. tne nort-:i. est. -.y brother ad 1d '..ent to school therein oerry.
*xfter :- father ca-e bV-cli he .ori.:ed in t-oe express 0o0 -a.y ut until bylothcr
diod,, ;.icai ,.s toe year 1880, ieruary 2lstF
.In t all of 1 y Iatner do ed, to come to elorida, leavin-g my
bro;er in terry, ioa. to oelp carry on t-e business there, but took .:e vrith
nilus,
aVter leaving ferry ie Aent t;o -obely, iAissouri nhere ,e staid a feU daU4s
tithi relatives, a al-. a Llrs. aofike, from here e ,c ent to Ot. Louis and rot
passage to Pev; Orleans, Louisiania on te riverr -tea-oer ^0eneonnial ,-ho r-u.
in te anchor Line. On- our -.ay to ze../'rleans, re stopped at quite a few

places h;iere toe nad to picik u2 fuel. acd on ec-,c side of the river bPal:k wouldd
be .e,_ .itnt their produce, cottoU1, sac-s Of rain, etc., _aitinL to b.e iked
up by tae steosers going up and-.dorn trhe river, They stopped the boats by
vavi-,ng their hads.
,y rather and I spenb quite a lot of our time t.ita tire old -ilot of this
stea-.._er and he vrould point oat to us the inte-esti-g tain.as to be seen. At
one place he hlowed us a large castle heon from the rocks, IleUn .ett Castle, by
so0e .iznlish lord. ae also s:ohed us a large brick ..xilding and one'.whole
side had fallen into the river ht v;hen ne first started piloting boats on
-the river there vas a large su.ar plantation between taat house ard the river.
W .iO o J- 1&iLieronn '00l














hoe 'lssissi,)i iaver caed its course so Lucn it had covered tnaot plaltation. -
e lots eve had to take soundings vile going up and don the river, f'hose


going up gave tile soundings to those coming do.n because the river chan-ged so









often.
.e finally arrived a- .atczes Under tze iail" VChere 1discLargarin and
taking on cargoes .ave us quite a u-nile to visit. .ae visited t.e kindliQng
bood -actory Un."r tie iuiill, Wnein we bionut oni top.. of tie nill and visited.
cotton C.1ill tne,"e t..ey :aL-uf.ct-Lred cotton :oods: Wen. t.oe wlistle on the
boat blev a-:x \vO Iad 0o hustle back aboard,
Tecse boats ca-ried ."an.?la:,s on eano side of tue bov and tuey could be
lowered so te n"eroes could unload the cargo,..elil. v;e -ent o" don te river
and made m.jany stops before v;e reu.ched 'e-:phis.
b,.ilie on our way to :.:ehis the negro .ecL nands :iad a fight, using
toaito ca-ns Yhich had been opened So the top had four sharp pieces stic-king
up, as xxeapons. ^ui ue a few got cut very badly. Because my lather v.bore a
long beard the -:ate oif the ship thought he w^as a doctor so ue wot aim to o:0
down to see if he could Mel_. te wounded -e only had som.,e 'co-t ,ylasteord
so ne used that to the bestadvantage. ,,-hen w"e reached J. e-JpU0is tiV noe,-roes
were turned over to the police.
All Cth-ese river boats carried pas-e'ers. here -as a salon efor the
Vou-ea where t-ere a.s a. nice piciao, lounges and tables for a-ies or -ritino.-
rue L-ei": i-vd the .taiu salon \uiere tnere were ple-:ty o: tables used for -::ablinr
or vwriting, etc. You could go in tucre anytime during the %igiht and find
.sbling goina on or see a man sitting at the tabie readily or writin-g, but

te.. gambling' was te main sport.
rbile on trcis trip wve encountered a- -eavy snowj storn- and vwind bloewinr-
dovn the river. and eitr tue c-rrent r-unoing so strong it was iL1ossiule to
handle tue boats so we e had to tie up at the river banks for several n-ours.
Lut the time passed .pleu.saly and. t-e food tuey served/ s w/as as goes. as
tiIt you got at the best hotels.
On thiw boat my father became acquainted ,it- a ,rench ia-.\ilv ^bo ,;ere on
Sto o:: Ceans also and- their cuii en became y plates This
.an invited us to sta.y x:it is parents v-uieo coned a hotel in tue crencn part
of iLev: Orleans. Arfriving at t.le ;maf in xev; Orleans vwe came ashore and hired
a iach: b tod:e us to tuis n-remci notei. we spent several days here anu visited
a n-.ber of interesting places.
At tris ti-.e there were steai, cars going down tile center of Canal Street
-roti tue wharf out to Lake ronchatrain. Here we visited the old Sanis-h Port
,nere I saw I *y i'ir.ct subZDarine, \lich ,as hanad propelled. TIhe shap-e was very
-,ucn- like a coconut. ;e also saw -cizoone-s co-iiS, in loaded ith c.rcoa r ito10
use in tie city. Later w;e visited one of the marble vorks vwhJich -s one of tle-
largest in tG e United- states. here they cut marble for tombstones and buildiri
-purposes. I sa; cutting slabs one inch tuick and' ten feet square. Whey also
made -&rble cornQices and other fancy stuIf. The we evening .e attended the
old -t. Cha-les Whcatre and we saw Unakospuaae's play ^jralstaff'. after leaving
the t.mabre we b.ent bca: to the hotel and spent the -ni.'ht.
The follox;in mor0inm' we bh.d breakfast in this hotel and everyone v;as tallk-
irgin Liench. I told iy father I did n-ot -ant to sitay. there as I did not Lnovw
lhat tiey .,ere talking abobt.
Later w.e visited the old -rench aurlket where all co,2:oodities arc sold. ,,O
even ate o"r dinner tnere that day. ,e we-t -,_rot here dov;n to the v;:.rf 0,--,cre


.;-










vie sua4 vessels fro.: all pawt- of the ;orld, JoiZCe o0 these vessels .-ere IoadCed
.;jit sttwr and uofiee and everytL.ig. ,e spent the \;,ole _."te:-oon.0o, dot, on

.e later visited t1e stooi-P exchange tihere everyone se-emed to be st-d, rue:-
-inJ Muere aid there vith po.ies o- a 'er and pencils tien one eilo puttin:
cLo',,n ;ark:ins on1 a biacbboar .,e visited several cataodLrals ...ioa -ad been
built before t,,e .dar betvteun t-e Zteos.
e later -/eLt to see tne trial l tombs &...ile t-ere a f.aily c-..e to visit
...... .._ L Ct-,'i




one of1 tneir deae.. 2iaey Lad tne cas..et out &.d J oL.J iri, rorbve" tcvir
da:x;ghtcr. vas sbanin :g in it. ".aes baa- ifresh rod roses 11ini0ed on her dress.
Whiey are sittiU "-ere at Ler feet eating( tIfeir dinner. t'heese tcabs are rented
to 9eoIoet and ii tue .ail to .y-a t.iis rent te.e bodies are ,taheme out aI.d cte.-ated.
AUter' leaving t.e to:.bs vte \;e-.t o;ack_ to te no-eol. urieu te -ii~i-t i b5s
an-ai.ened 07 0_eo1le r...nin: i. t..e hail v... I looe ed out t-oe ..i-do-, ai could
see tie b:I:lare of a vul^/_ar:e fire, w z -d. ;,y .ater .adU oibe ".,d I 7;as ver)
,.aca fri..-tened ....n&>e.. i ,eut into tLe itl ioo0iL; 0o, ;a. I auer evei ;,oie ,-as
talhi:bi1 r-'eio: 1 didi not -ov. i.nai the^ vere s.^'in^ so -_a.a:e to find ..
&y do';ni to tie clehs O-iie0. -e tobld :e ,-ot to o ou.t on. te stree- to s.uof
,-it 1im1 vhiion I did iIn a io0l'-cu -ile O- ater rttrieO, alKL e toU. ...e .0
0 V ..e 3. s te se e-', .i. ..,les i,"c -,' s je c ...:e,_ e,







hioe-e I could see tno fire. It t ;-.s te e e. -1 ....e -er a it.
cover,-. an etnire bloc>. Cne cf Ol-e -J.e. told :-y father u.,e iL.d tne-t. five
stea i f,,-.'ire e-,ines ;:or:i o0 tale -uildin, "i-e : -aa to -ep- tn fire i.-
side this Jlock and te fire did -.ot s.rea.d out burned t.e e.U.tire i-side o. toe
brick buusirdiii'es.
.C.,. .1.U...J.








lao follo.:ing da7 .: father -;..ent -o.;n to the _or:a, 0 ea-i .' Com-any, and.
asira): ed for ,a-ssge on the -teauer uttlichson for Cebmar es --.iorid .. -id tae
Gulf coast. oe ;e.t G.toa o t.e s ,teer -.1d s.-et tdie ai ht es he t-,- -.ornie i
oe left joking doei to river.
The ij:t ciiso0 .-;. ait fer ',t taun tahe otnur ,costSo ..ho ,;<: .,-z a D.... voi.:
stea...oer. ,oe enjoyed o.useives u; looking at th.e far-.s ,ile .oir2.2' do,.n the
river. a. QO-.lii t..il o .. s, e loot's doex:. on .. te :,.is because t.e lbovees
,.,rer so ai., .oe tasse-d ort -.ads and tb.en oe ot into the Giib of Le:ico.
,iOe net ..orn.ino "e -ad a hard ti--me salOiyi aero..... on t-e bo-at-. T -,&tor
vwas so reugh. f.-. o- tOne pausse,:u:ers staid in tneir cabirs Jt :..y :.t:er aUdc
1 an several of tne others staid on toie aft of tihe sali_ v.tc-in6: te sea. -le
spray fle. all over the boat. Leto- my. first ti-me on such a ro-ah sea I -,as
sea sicK: but S.,lJ onatC t';e rail a:d fed the fish. aioe stea-oer l, s a twsin screo,
boat adIl vein, sac :vould dived into tne sea _er .,ropeblers would d caute ps-rt nay
out of t-oie ^ter. It 2.9ppemned tnt 'te ,-O.ere rut.ing into taze 1882 aiu.zricane,
the captain told m..y fatner the stor.mi ;,c s so :le&vy t.t it -ad aut us t .i.- or
forty mileo off our course. -ie said ta.t. voui- ,make us lae ,3ettim;g into Qadar
buys. the first lii.Lt ,Ce sighted \tas "'.clote hey .iL-1t the 0a--Latin t--,e
clted' his course in toe direction of boa -orse h1ey .'i--t l;icin is tn-e entr-ance
to Oedor le1 Harbor.
ni-ivi. .t the toci: in e,--ar yc vTfe t o ..O ttat te aL)roaches& of the drotks
r : --- .- C i i 1


















.ha.d been n.asned a;c:ay and tea..ora'y o01,es had bee- L-de so passengers and bagage
could coc as..ore. ,.e stopped act t.e ;auva:neO hotel, a traee story. conrcete nouse
under construction. 1.e uper floors vere not finislied at t-at tim e.
-.11 roduace raised in ost.h .lori a &t tais time were brouli-it to Ceduaur eys
by small sailing craf-ts ,and s-ceae-ers t-ra ra;n from 'a-.L.a to oedar- ieys. his eas
called toe killer and Henderson utea.ishii Comtany.










14 'ft-teor t:en ,wated to 5'et :aossge do,.i to hadeetown .0 so one .ay ..en hie
s on tie dol:A s -LO :,as tall"i2.g to t .e Ca.tain of tIhe- scoonor "Acie Love He
said he :as going totvarzrn.ersviwle on t-e l.i..tee Aw-,er to '.et some lmuber .iroua
a p.ine ill tnuor a,.. e would take us t--; far. -o ",oe w1e:t titi te-. Ocp)taif
ario. arriveLL at Uleaz,;aber none of tie catai, :- just at sndow;n. :1e said tue
w uay the s.U sot it licked like ie ;oud nave so.,e bad neater. so he invited
us up0 to nis --otse to s._eOn t-ie .ii,,ht ..e lived .it>. his i.":ler .i-d .0otier,
.......-' .CWLd .....rs -oLeO. v2o. nero unite old. "-O told_ :,f7 t at.-.er only tno other ft.:..-
ilies lived tuere in Oleaixater. Whey -had fie orange ,-roves.
It ca..e up a iortrester anid it -ot uite cold. Gl-0y Ilad a large fir10,lace
-I& JiOlenty ot pine logs. i.e all sat .round th.e fire talkn. a-d eating oran:es
and graei-rit, _;iich they :ad .se.ty o0 and ",Qe had never had unt a very fec.
en- ti.e ca..e to' go to bed t usey ,anted us to have one of their beds itt my
father told t:em. he rather sleeu on t-e floor by the fire.
.en. ~oe got u te ne:-t --,orning. it a5s vuite stora".y, so tile Captain said
-oe vould not go any father until better jeathe.r so x te enjoyed looki: a.t the
oranges, raefruit, gnuavas, etc. groing for- ;e .ad never soee.n t .ieh grovig,
be for e.
2Je t-tird day -,-e started on the schooner to i:anatee leaving CXLearater
5ass for .J.g:aoc.t rey Li-ht. 'l-en no-e crossed 'Zat-.pa Day over to ti.e -anatee Aiver.
,.e a5rived at ,tarnersville JJhere n u.loaded our bagga.e Later L.e loun a n-an
'oin1 up the river in a small sloop, so he tool: us up to .radentovn Where rny
father ,et a maj he iad sino-n in derry, x. Liller, v;ho run a boarding house.
.e staid there a fe; days.
finallyy ,-y latner decided he oant.ed to take a cruise dovn the coast, so.
he ..ent to find some one leno vo-t.L.d te:e h-i} on0 this cruise. A Can by the nam:e
of Lann v;ho live up arove sna-..atee at ann's Point said he could tekie us. He
ihad a cat ricued:i boat. ,zy atner sad brought vwith him a called tent l0n12
and 4 ft. vc.alls. ,e bd tv;o foldiin.g cots, cap stove and cooking utensils so
we started on tue cruise from Lhana's Point, stopping at "..arnersville at the
.., t LeL, e % "'. L 1 U-LU










onOuth of tue r.iver to get s-n.lies. 'ihere nyere a couple oe comumissaries there.
whilee t-ere tho steaozer ca-,e in. utheyo unloiaded te passen-gers. Ie.y
brofaLght a man out on a cot, putLit dmo.n on t.ae doc.1 n.ith his lu'-c.0aIe alongside.
i.y father ~~iont up oatd spoke to the man1. ne couDld barely speak. above a v'hiser.
'aid he sad come to -loridato live on the beaches he had eons-osption, tatt
the sunshine would .help him. Ly father told him vaere vcere going to oa].e a trip
do,1n the coast and ne told my father i-f e -ouilu let him go iath him 0le would
-pay the exn0enses o0 the hole trip. %y fater talked it over nit or. n1a11 but
ne did not 11a.nt to be on the boat v;ith a ran -vit, consu0ei --,tionl. finally y
father persuaded ^.r. K..a-m to tske him so thor put him on.. tue boat and v;e co;et
as far as v srIUx hunCters Point v;here CT s-pent the nin.t in a palmetto
shanty first time ne ever sax; one. !oeot morning ;e fi.-ed o-r brat-lfast over
a ca pfire. This v das tie first time Lr. Long, tid sick: 2".an, ha., ever eaten a
mCeal like tuat. After brea-fast we got things together, loaded tleeo on the boat,
also carried :.r. Long on his cot, aboard, then nove cot started on our ';ay again.
'heon se got into Garasota Jay down loe to LoUnr,,: ar looked likLe e was
going to have bad vnea.ther and rain. ,.e v;ere then opposite ir. Span's house.
Jim, as we galled Kr.. 2ann, suggested we go u. to e.r. .paag's house to be out
of the weather, so e landed at the dock and Jim vent up and asked Ur. tpang
if we ight come in, so he s,'ent his son, Dicd, don to help us bring our luggage
up to the house.










.r. x.p : had a very l hrae house built squaze v-it a oroh all around it
oaiL a alL ti-ra-Li-: the iiiddle. ,e move ..r. i,,o- u to tLe -"ouse bst Cle did no t
\;ant to G o inside the hon.e So v e fiied i m on UAo lea side o0 t.e ho0se and ne
\5s co0.0--ortacble out toe. Te S a,: faily consisted of :r. 1 .-- 3 j..1
onle so0 aJ. d treeB dcuuhters. ... L, i, r & rs and t..cn..e oldest
da:.hter played cards, -hile I playe& *>,es on the floor "it tne t.o wirls vhio
'were noar mii ^.-ge.
L7.: toI. m. fztr a at .hittiLers uoy nAd a boat for sale, so
tniey C',ent dov;n to see it and. linaill ooi. ::-t it. 1-c ,,as a- .-cC-. ettLr o01e ti-ha, n
tULe onee a,..re usin:, so ,.e left t.e c-t boat, 3Ut all oar ,tuf aboard tie
other bout an,,d started or our .a;;,. .e sent thce nig'At at big Juarsota Iass.
(Lj.ie e-., boat v2.s a sloop J) .Se net Jorlin,' after bre-.-ust voe started do-n
inside ias.-age tIrt the na.rro... n.en t-e stopped at the mocl:s m;ert ,.e--cnt
across to t-,e outside beach and, spent some ti.Ce on te beach nicizi- u.sc s,.ls.

22,i-i: x,;e staid c-uere several days but conKld not move K:r. 'on^- across to tn~e out-
-sieC bW ch. fuel me vent eo.n to Oases' ascs micre -e could et to te outside
bcon. -.C uancno0red close to tie s.iore there usa s a4 0oo0 litt-LCe u-rbor ter>.
so .;e -.,ut u ou,- tent. .Ce put ..r. 0on21. asGore -,ere Oe coaId oe on0 tnoe buach:,
,i. ftc-tier and Jimj fiiCned andL,' I at.theroctd s5 Lells.
At t::is time ,Qe 1-ad the mnole sacnes to ourselves for very fei .people
ever e:nt on tiiem. :rom ODases fass to o-tvuip CusLS there 7m^s no i-,sicce ,a-age
so we sat to So the outside -.ateray to -et to .tay) lPass so havingg a s -li
boat 'we :W:, to _o 0 e..C, tLOe -J-e .terl --as 0ood, So one inoliI. '-el t-.xe vib-d v;as
o0f s;.ore (nast:c-rd) ve got an early start. fe waterr muas smiou, so -:e had a
fire trip do.n to tne Pasu. :rrivix here mv.e men..t into tLeo.on lav S.c-.d ,-ant i-
behind a Bluff, -ent ashore sa-d put up or t out. *h!ere -e spent several ays
and finally .r. .Oong --s able to o-t off his cot a-d _Ia aroncc- in t-e sandc
o02 tlC beac00. Here, me also cuu'ht lots of red fisu. also Z 35 sxtx; fish
..ecsurint t;:elve feet lo0m. Wite sax; measured o .a.-s-i ion-'.
durinK' t'e tim@e me mere ca-..-ed iere ,-e vto-u1d et into our boat, sail across
tie bay ands. get soMe oysters loavin. tue carp unoccupied. Jim il-cf ho t tell-
ing us .a)bou- tne S6pcniards, qklat bad people tnJey mere and slot tuey v'ow.Ild rob
people. 't tfis ti-me you seldom eyer satj anyone out 4 Keys. ",ney hid Lison ranches and tiley, iisseo for S.paniish achl:s -;ho0 cane ina
here for fish. hey used lre seines they keptz on reels. :rom th-e reels
they put t..eir n-ets on; tneir bots.
One time nenr v;e mere fl on the sloop after class, Sii s looked over to
-.j.ere on)? cm.p v-s anud sa a ooat sail u tnere a.dt i-ad. ne said '?e better
get over t16re as soon u-s possible, for :e K.ne it as a ..a1si"'.d. and he C would
gteal everytnin0 ,'e hld. bo ve ot undcr ay but our bouJt bting. ednXouSrD a
sail bot did n.ot travel very fast, having no wind. Abo-ard our sloo1 y f-ather

htd a carbine rifle and Jim a shot gun. -y father said there v;as eothin2. to be
ercited over, 0so \en -eQ got close enoevqht to the c.:p V,:e s-st this '-ln i.d
already built a fire and apparently getZi;i ready to .a.e coffee. .,Ieon m,.e laiL-
ed 3im staid to take care of tIe bout and my father, br. Loni and myself alleye d
up to the car-,p. And, sure eno1ughy it 'a.s a big S.aniard about si: feet tall.
He spoke good ttlish. 4 later talked with :nim and he told us nse had been to

carry his wife to Lort <.yers to the Doctor and Vx-s on Mis 'way back to San Carlos
ay i; they had their fish ranch, so he stoed in there to ae soe..e coffee.
L / .. Ly _Ler tUyh d th i ih ._




















Lcy fCatLer invi ted him to- spend te nigEht. o ay later Sot' bus and. fixed
supper for the 'whole crov-d. So after supper v'e all sat around the cacmp lire o2D


-5-






-0--


the L3-aniard. told. us lots of stories about the fish ranches and the Sanish
Settlements. l.Ur. Long and my Lather enjoyed tae visit around the cangj fire very
,,ucn buat Jim ..ana had nothing to say. so 'aoen it was tiJe for us to go to bed
Jim ,ias very particular to have his siot tun rig:a-t along side of imL but nothing
.apenede and everyone enjoyed a good nights sleep.
1in I got up in tnoe morning ny i iLaer a-d the bSaniard v\ere fi.:;ing break-
fast a]d during the breIakfast the t paniaErd told A.y -ather if \ve ever c,.e by his
place he hada good house there a2d we could stay as longs as 5o w'aCnted to. After
breakfast Ile told us goodbye t hen started for toe .-an-ch.
1h-ie ollo.iJIg ay e tool: dov:n our uent, stowed everything aay and st:..rted
on our vay farther iout. ,oe got down as far as Charlotte'a hLarbor and anchored
on to n-orth side of toca rand La--s s for tae night. Leet morning v;e started
across tho bay to the L.ort- end of Janibel Island, .;nure we can.ed for :.evoeral
days. 6anibel Island is one of taoe best shell places on the coast. \.icll \-..
all ne-.w to us, ,,e put up our tent. everybody tad tcite job to do. Jim tool:
care of tie boat, r. Long vwas in such good health by nov. he h,,elpeod-ut lup the
tent, and I -,el-ped brie' up the cots, coo-i-: utensils and other things I could
C -could
handle. Ji5 also got vwood for the O&-.% and.r ftinisoad briniSng up thiors I couldn't.
7 ---7,.



soon as the tent ,.as up e. ton:, ,o'fld_ Cget his fishing taclde and. st-rt fi sii,.
Lnost always had fisa rencq -;_en the fire vxas ready to cook them. ':y fiather vsas
the cook and as soon as I could get aw'ay I st.-.rted. looking' for sells.
We had a large sanark hook on a chain and a 5/ inc rp or our line the
saei rig we ha: for catching tae sat;fish. shile Jim was looking for "wood he
found a pond vaita an awligacor in it so .zr. Long and Jim tool: balL of a rec
lisa for bait on toe nook and put it into the eond and fastened t:e line to a
tree. 'he neat mor-ning UJi.A, td ...r .ong goes doen to see vnat tne. cgt and
tey had about an eigIt foot alligator on the (Iook. o hadc crawled out of the
pond and had. gone around and around toe tree so ucn he tad wrapped himself riglit
up to tae tree, so SJic too -y iataier's rifle .and killed lli,.
e staid anite a v;hile ;oere t-'en our supplies sejan to run low, so we no-
te t i &le -ie br up .1, ots ci o es ie c--,l o u-diot, o d-L








Coded. to go to lunta nossa heree Ji-st said v;e could get so^-e. We stopped at
Useppa island-norttj end ~~ere oe spent taoe ai.t.
\,'.ile Jim ..aai- c-a-s getting up w:ood to build a caJp fire hle used a li.-hted
p-almetto 1a.f or faa to g-ive 1ight accidentally he (aere being plenty of grass
around) e set f-ire to tains and soon. taoe v.nol Isand was eao the rind
blovwing out of the borthi blevw tile flames a,-ay fro:.A us. Coons, wild cats, pan-"
t-re, et0a d to take to toe water.
[0211 1








.oe ne._-t :-oa.'in-g e loaded up our camping eo- i,...O..1 t a-nd st..rted to s unta
xO-osa arriva.-' tLere aboat the mi-ldle of t-.e afternoon. 'anis is anon.r. Jake
...erlad, Cattle ing of -outh lorid.a, was s"ippin' cattle by steaIer to Cuba.
rhey a-ere loadinjg cattle aeon v:oe ot there.
i. y r ather o.-ent to see Lrim-1 erland about ssupli -s '1at he told-k y astoI.er hie
wvas too busy riit tlen but -;;en suiger time cte to come up to his .lace 2Eand
get supper.- 1e had room for everybo, Le had a very lre tv;o story wooden
juilaing -orch on front side. tre v;as a large corral 'eri- ie n eoopt his
cattle. ,On te u-.-per floor of the house was where te di"i. C roo .v.'.as, .ad
tIere werIe at least twenty or thirty peo-pe uesiies ourselves Lt t.act table -
cowuboys, ljtirds, etc. Colored. ve;:.in for coUoks anda ,-iters.







-1-


'*he ne..t aornin\- vCen :.: father tent to jet tue sup1lies he handed 3iuj.ierland.
a bill to paT 4or the ..oo.s but no Ci, nLot nave the oiJC.n,'0e it -.-.OericO .oiy
so hie ..ve ...:1,1 a.nisi gold. he had loet of tiat besides the safety bo :.
uei-g full all 'imeze the leds.rs vere supp0osea to be "as full. hoe ,:w-.ve 'kT
fatr a boo to lt l kno tie value of ea.ch coi as "e did. n.ot lio, tue
amo-ut he 'ave -imf in e:..cha:,e 0or tue -ill. ,.e ten loeft ad:. started on our
f lt-rn' tri-;j back to th'oe mO/th e'C of oibol ';ne.e to s out a too> or more
horij sells, fisi' and l.S-1) aro-!G-d in t-ie sun on tCe be1ac.
One oioruing Jim i-nn s\i 5e ,.s 'ast he fried. soda crackers. firstt he 1.ried bacon ter thihe the .1reaose
..cis hot 1e ,ut in soda orad:c.rs. I-euy were S2ood too.
S\e to eore .as.irg t!i. entracnoe to .stero h-,a- bad t.eather c,.ase u'p and V.se
oet in tire for a hrbor. ..e tied our sloo-, to a little dock and t..is
,;as Jhore tEe banish Iish ranclhes toere. It ha. already started to rai. be-
ULIfore Le reacd tile ( : Wh big 3. icd t-.t ca.oed ;;ith us at Sanibuel
iid s i s,-;12'e ie 11 T _1 0oe e z





recognized the boat and no and several :iore cae dovtn to the boat a..d invited
us t, oo.e u.. to nis -,.use aSnd as our boat ;L.d no oabin y lat.ir accepted
tue invitation So he and tne o-hor el:.ed: move our -su- lies beldini: etc.
to th house. s his wile tas ay.a to t.ne doctor 's he told us to mak-he our
self a. home, gave us fish-or...n suits to _ut on so oe could dry our clothes
as v;e had gotten pretty t;ell so.ed.
One day tuis feollov in-ited us out A0ith tio:,a to rru our tAeir seins, a-nd
,;as inter.sti.'_v to see the men 'et overboSd0 in tUeir nets an" .el the .por-
poise over t,.e cork linDe s tuey camLe JdiiL-in:.. up to it. m.ter ca-tcing a
large bunch of ..ullets they brought t.e-.: ashore and" s-.lit an.d salted. the': and
dried th on racs ade of poles ey I-d. a ci" sued built of oles cover-

in barrels. Once a uIonti schooners came from Cub and icedkd t UZ the fish fron
t Ce di-feront fish .s ranches.
lGi'iin;0 our stay thcre one of tie panic. L rds mrade a:n father a present of
a porpoises head. and baclkbone, all cleaned and bleached and one large turtle
head..
,heon 'oe left here vne started for Stump^- Pass in Lenon may. Oe stayed
several .ays. ,e hid to pick a good day to .ake the nine miles, outside to
Oases sass, the entrance into Little 'arasota Lay and caped here for several
days. here oe got c-as. s.ile no.e veroe .vad.in around o0n the flats 1 hunting
thoi-, there nere t'o s:all shovel nose su ...s followed us around. .e tent
,Cyr ...










back 'to the cm-p and had clam soup &nCd cihot-der. h.r ton' ke:t us supplied
t.ith .isn. le tas the first -:ia:: overboard, ne had gotten in better health
non than he had been in years.
after leaving nere v;e tent u:p into the narro-s t-ere Le could. oet oysters
and cias. 'oe could also go across to the occs, a great .place to find. smells.
I. .mon; got so he could go along nov. ,e stayed here several days and v'ent
ut into vhat is called Little Pas0tln Iarasota Bay, nuc6.iere v0e c1I.-1-ed a)s1ain.
Here scallops there so thick, te dip-ed them ut ri)th the deck bucket. from
here .o v;ent to tre town of Sarasota, vt-uere 'e fouo; a man maGinyg cider
buckets v1ith brass hoops, a ir. Counlif. he used all 'foot po-er t..,chines.
,oe also visited tle gusano factory here. It sa s run b- h0irlie ti llard. Whey
:..de the ,-uarno out o01 scrap fish. ,e stayed here several aays.







-8-


l"ov>, te ovent to rmnter 's 'oint ;Jee n/e s:;ent tfe nig'lt Letvin,_ t9e ioe::t
nrorUVi1 r
-or.~i v; eor .arnersviiiLe on the ...natee i..vor. tor left t.... ,-ty.

nie tool: tl-e ste.,er at Cedar K'eys for loe; Orleans. ;:anted to pay the e:o-
0eibses of tne entire trip because it bad ri:de .. ,ell esar out o-f :iai,. .
father did. not taL-e any nczages but e no.ave in. one ,mn.dred dollars to help
py on tlie e.L.enses a -ay
eQ then vIent r- txe .anatee .exiver uD to a...nn`'s 0oint. Wins is v.erre vUe
set o -r tea.t ip9, so te could live in it. iere v;e stayed several monts,
--, -, -?"-1C-S.. -.I -.- -- '


an&UIIP tris our headquarters, .-sakin<' a good y-.iy trips up eu-n do..n te river
to radeodntoin, "arasotaa .,oertyvil, etc. On one of &n trips to 9.osertyville
vtiere to.ey builtf scnooners for s^-oa.-e business, e net Lhad-i- Joe .toa\:ro.lh.
one showed us so e co ze a-d co la s se had raised h ent soe to
..... e I'VEX us s 1iTd r i e Sz -.r, o,.e t



;,asiiiri:ton and received a nice letter of praise fro-,-, toure. Ine raised tne
first coffee in lorida.
At tnis ti-me tsere l;ere no 'al-vanized nails, so tn se. too.- sIar: livor1
tried it out, .ot the oil out of it, aid it i. a big iron pot vnoere t.ey iept
it on a fire and contents ooilin' not. one"' V.o.. d dui e a Pe- of nails into
t rs, .-1,r",,-.-ie, o od o t i s u- La. f na l i.





tni ,ot of fatt tnen ti.oyj would d use tCe..:- for builiiig boats of all Pins.
and tney lasted. bettor tiarn te 1-Alva-Qied n.ails-v.e .t..have no-.,
Darzin< oar stay on tne -....eee -ivez ve visited r'radens Castle"' also
t0arson Le 1 tho told 1us 'te b.ilt his .house of timbers they hevoed fro, pine
trees. nCe sills ere 12 feet bsr i' feet the uprights ,ere O:6. ino building..
\Cas a t;o sto0r one. en floor, upper an.d lo:er joists v;ere 6..:6. '9IeU-,LCin;
as nput toe.thern ith dto,:Gzl pins a.d joints .aso ,ortis and tenet .In-e raftscc .
aere ieOn ort anzd they ewere 4:6 1 Uie sides cere covered -..it. oca.pboaras rived
out of tnse logs. 'Ie roof 0 s s.-ingled vith rived si.-leso. 11iue -titie :e
--. '-"1 ,' oe oz T s ie .. -,-,Ls -L"4 .."Le c.i. zjtI_ -..Le







vy buildig, his -ncose 1he tad to i-t ojf tve Indi2:ans. e aGs ...e .ry t
o.ane trs t in his vard. -e said ;at majae t1'. srov; so t VIl., no
Ui e U-_itrcosu i't- -r -i -i -s ,A-








na.d som-e yoLuV uiorses in t:e yavrd a-, t-oy .-e-t the vou" li..ibs chevoed oe.. as
iigfii as u/nOJ could reach, -t t.is timo e l I-nee; .othini ^boort or,.aes but t i.e
old arson said I co.1-d g-o out tire an. -et all I cou- eat, so -1 0 0 .iic.:i.
out tiu nicest booii- ones 0ut teen nefa.e out .se told ...e te russet loo_-
ing ones o;re te best, but I th-X.it ne just '-anted ie to oat tie becc1se
tuoy ..er6 not eortn as __.:c as t.e otnLers. I did ot Iso: -o0,; to ocuc tO:... so
ne tool: ono and Cout a o10 iS o01e e01 0o I cout"d sucl: the uOice out and I
ouni.L out tZne 'brovetj onIes j eUre the best.
r';he Parson had an old darl,; ;oeirin' won ho e1 v;ho I,. besn 11 '1 51110
blLcvey tiwe. I .. as tJali:ii. n .it:-.- mini -e As.id h.e - Ya I-:eos oc->e up t',e river awd nO e sa.id.. 1it e cleared to i:i t"ey t/.s acful
cCreolcss ..0.' t,- s'eoti Lear -tis ..ce treG \L;..s an oI. s-.ar mill ando
t.e oh dart said tit 1 as ,e uere tine sieeves e-1ored,r -.ee uniey raLiseo tle
s.ar cane a-.- ... ade the .'-r. across the o.iver t llin-ton tnuere. clad been
.0a.otne-- liree su'an m-ill.
.rec. he. u-pr.,-h- s- in b













l-arson Loe :.,as a ...an over ,i:; fe'c tuall cQ ,12ore a long ,,.ite bo-rd nao.d
every ,unday. :...'.. r1i1n 1e h'oul taie -a oa s;iff boataz d owe dov;n. thoe river,
sto..in: a. different places at,, _roch to to-e '0090e. it tool: 110 -.arly'
all 'a G tonj ti 7 o do0 ad come b-:.
-c0so1 LOu Iateur as.0-ed us to cor e stay tere1 so u"1e btrouIt our tenat ad
5s.plies c00e ani_ stayed nite a o...il -.% vry -...ori-. ,i"en tnoe breakfast
vas all on tne taUie ure1 d to -cat ie vooid .et .is bible -andc read several
onapters foe: it too.l: at lenst a half a-n oru before -,e a-co. :.i ";ife
used to fuss acout it becaUse the foot .s all cold is t.ile vas a very
IT














swall o-J"ian sne eas abou- feet 2all a,' t,.eihIed about ninety .ou.s and
,aBs ver' spry for an0 old lady.









C- one o0 o.'r trips do;.n t..0e i.-tee ivet11 i, our li ttle s -i1 ooat "e
0." 2... 1," ," -" :e L be t .
Li d p ct o ..;..l ,"c t t ca4e out fr0oJ 1 c.,i 0 ,_1 O o ..t tct ..-.
being. useL for r .ozLe to live in. -,is >--s ,L.xee ,iab.d t.e sailor lived.
,.e 20,et u< to see .i. a.d he told. us so0e ve'ry i-,,.t, crein stories aQbot :i-i-
elf' r d. been to o .O.. a-,.d visi ted man: co-.u.ri-i '-.: a ... .. -i 0sel1" u:
,,layx.i.g t:- 2iu 0e and J1aU tumus ,OIe-: .;e -o";lid Jo do\,,n t e river -0:e co.,ld
:oea ii.... t_.,i riin ., .o visited, .i.. LuLite oiten a
u_ or- .--ius o02 t.1 Le iiaIateG c-ivai' _uite c .a iAle v.oe \e:o.t Co..,a,. to bc U sot Ut
:.... --c e .0o Aot acWi.te i ,j. . Co & Obie, 0.e rc.i, Lt.e o t .L'0'ice te1c,%,
2-ILL TAL:.d 2ev;.:r<. 0106<0j gio\TOs, to comIe -o::'[ &jn st2I ,.^_::ule 2;itl ..., so "e ..c..t u ac: u to Iru"on .eoos
1'!2i. c C-.'!L ot our t'ijn.s c-t.i c "o I c. to J. I LIiI'.j S.
'irraii oui' visit ,ore l.'", A.'UiO i A t. i catbo,.t o f 0--. a ). Ie ,ot ':
-UL01LD ,5>..( ,u






,t:or a:Ld. I to e tc ,eo0 le t -...t c,--.e o...; to se- .0 i t. to the outside
beGc, Gue of w ie 0a ties :;ec'61.-0ried1 over :2as 0-.S 2 s .o.- Vua-:_eI ,sh: -

0e ad cOlS-- c ,ti0o.. so 2,e tool -.zi-. oxer o,. tu.., outer uo.,ol: so could 1cr
0... t.e 1ioU S' 21 LL oast, sIe 1e0".r e to ,c 03e La-' -O ;o-uLd give evcus-j-
tG.LJiJi :e o;noed co e in Koe -a-.ae i \;.s i-. out 1 told L ;.i ',- :,! \t ,,s so...:etL:Lii:i:
omi could sot -u : wit eveo.tuallyj e D6.yan to t.rove ,.'ite a bit.
,,-Iiil X'e:Io.ere oere .x". Abbio decided to *1-'Lt so-ie Ii'i 9.. 5.,es :.e XiLac
afi.21 9ieoe of -ld l.0 the bay si-,0.ore. i relative oi C. 1,. AbbiCe, -. ron0
Abbie 2no.- .i ofe c ,io ,.n a1---m.d lived on one of *. 25s l more room in ti...i. i .ouLe taI.a "i.Z. ' ve >I0oved 6051 there a;ith. 47'ron. so it
\v'l S" z] f .z"r 0 ;I: anself ..ld t173o otmcr fellos \v.o .lantedQ twoe -ine-
0vay- Vuay t s o -r c j_-: ^ e ^ o e ijr ^ .: -be s i n
9001









a"]-' il U]s*_ ..JIl ",'O~iori_- [ t tlis job a. )rOn uec2 o_. si',jn1 \2~tL- az-laria and~l 2258
so sicl,::, Ja ecallts evo" urd da sob zialr'O place to stop d:otictro
n-i doctor o. t- e c ave o aOd 0 StoeL to 'ao)ads te, of stoped atd "2. i ..
totieS place so ,60 .ot tAi doctor to g'o to see-Tron, tin-,e dector said if
a-we &s inu his owfice e ]:oi,.,l have some ;-.edicnr~ t.,A= ;voU~ld cure it rignt
away euctlym~us o ,-urct but i~e hard none Aee o ax. Abbie said t-sere
;.eroe so; ue eUoait&%ts tres~ r.zo-;isnu: on," Loo .r ree is .lco so the doctor told
I I .L.. e 2e..













thornE to go t so"e a:L t 1 wes ado (-yronj ,mde tea of two- SAd 1e d:'221-l
it and cu-ed i:i self of tLhe :.alaria.
2, ,. Lobio .as crying to build uup a settlement of Iortler people but the
.atvies at t-a.t time reseotted t iis so te- did ever tLhig toeC could to him -
burned one of his hOUses, girdled his orange trees and threatened his life -
but these camiie natives v-Icn the20 needed 061el in any..ay, he al-;ays helped them,
J Ie -. 0--













g'ijinr4 tihem foo. 2IGC1 g oin g to tte-e at all tim-es of the night ;hoen .nono a1e S

sic:.
.l Abbie had a ile and to 70o1 dauters. A native family livini here
bamed ,-ittillers had several sons. One of the sonsC, Liit hi}ttiker, fell in
love sitt .:.r. Abbie's oldest dlaghter.
uite a few of the fitrilies in the neighborhood formed ,h&a.t thoy called
t e carasota Vigilant's Co-mmittee, so one night some on notified C. E. Adbie
they w' ere coming to lynch him, so Abbie notified quite a fe'; of his friends
and tney ;armed themselves itL rifles and shotguns. Abbie sent me wits a note
around to tne different ones to let everyone inot what his plans s0ere. hey
all met at his house heavily armed. Tcey stayed there all night, but no one
came. Thing, s tere uiet for while, but later they found tLhe ..ail carrier
t Dat brought th mail to S0arasota killed and the-ey said that was done by the
Uigilan tes.






-10-


At this time there was a paper published in Bradenton giving the facts of all
this trouble.
This Sarasota Vigalantees Committee held their meetings in a boat shed
down on Little Sarasota Bay. A young man named Ed Bacon who had a sail boat,
on the morning C. E. Abbie was killed, had his boat tied to the dock. There
was a small grocery store near by and there were several men Ed Bacon,
Charlie Willard and a Mr. Alford standing there talking. Charlie Willard
had a shot gun with him, this was quite early in the morning. Some Northern
man had come to Mr. Abbie's and he took him down to see his boat down on the
beach (Bay Shore). _ban Mr. Abbi and the gentleman came up to where the
other men were talking he introduced him to them. When Mr. Abbie and the man
turned to walk away, Charlie Willard shot Abbie in the back of the head, then
they ordered the other fellow to leave. Ed Bacon and Alford took Abbie's
body, put it in EdIls boat, took it out to Big Sarasota Pass and threw it over-
board. It was thought they had tied heavy weights to the body as it never
dribd ashore or was never found. My Irother had made a hunting knife for my
father and Mr. Abbie admired it so my father let him use it. He had it on
him when he was killed and we never saw it since.
Later on the three men, Bacon, Alford and Willard were arrested and put
into the Pineland Jail. A heavy guard had to be kept around the jail as the
feeling towards these men grew all during the trial which lasted several weeks.
Williard was convicted of murder and got a life sentence.
Mrs. C. E. Abbie and daughter Carrie kept the place up and still took care
of the Post Office for quite a while and then Mrs. Myron Abbie was appointed
Post Mistress and kept it going for years until Sarasota became a thriving
and prosperous city, then she retired.
Later we became acquainted with Alligator Fergerson. He only had one arm.
He went to Ohuckaluskie to get bananas and took them to different towns, selling
them, to Manatee and as far north as Cedar Keys. The way he bought the material
to have his boat built was by killing alligators and selling their teeth.
- My father was talking to Mr. FPargerson about showing him the route to ChAck-
aluskie so he siAd he would tqke us in tow and of course we used our sails too
to help the sailing. As we were sailing down on the outside we saw six bears,
five young onesand one old. They were digging turtle eggs to eat. Before we
left on this trip Mr. P.rgerson told my father to get a life preserver for he
would need it. What he meant was for him to get a mosquito net for he would
have to have it. So he had a large one made. The top was made of yellow
homespun and the sides of mosquito netting. It was large enough* to cover
both cots. We stopped at Stump Pass for the night then.
Left the next morning for Pavillien Key then went thru Sandfly Pass which
enters into Chuckaluskie Bay then from there to Hytie Potato Creek (which is
now called Collier's River and stopped at W. S. Allen's place and here is
where Alligator targeson got his load of bananas. W. S. Allen invited us to
stay here a while. We did and set TOur tent up under a couple of cocoanut trees.
We staid here qjite a while. Daring the time we went up the Royal Palm Ham-
mock also went down Chuckaluskie Bay down to Chuckaluskie Island where Captain
Faster lived also Nickolous Anadolphos Santina and father and mother. We were
told Capt. Fister had been a slave trader and Mr. Santina had a large vessel
square rigged, he was using her for a blockade runner. She was captured at
Boca Grande Passe. flusxBaxta Santina and family got away and went down
into the Ten Thoasand Islands at Chuckaluskie. Here the boys married and


raised their families.






-11-


My father bought a small place on this Island from Santina. There was a
small house on the land and a great many different kind of fruit, such as 4
kinds of bananas, sugar apples, sapadilla, pomegranate, limes, papayas,
mamasuporta besides sugar cane and all the tomatoes, egg plants and sweet
potatoes we wanted to eat. And of course there were plenty of oysters and
fish to get and too we used to take our boat out to favillion Key and get
clams. We used the Island Passe to go thru. There were so many clams it
was like ai walking on cobble stones. Here they later got clams for the
clam factory at Marco.
We did quite a bit of cruising around while we lived here. Once we went
up Shark River up to White Water Bay. Here we saw the flamingoes and pink
curlews. We also made a trip down to Oape Sable. This place consists of
3 capes. Here we found a man, Mr. Ricker, his wife and two children living
on the middle cape. The North Cape had a fine spring of running water.
While here I staid with Mrs. Ricker and children while my father made a trip
with Mr. Ricker to Key West to learn the route. Later on my father and I
made a trip to Key West in our sloop. We went from Cape Sable to Oocoanut
Key then went along the Keys to Key West and stopped in the Bight where the
Sponge Schooners stopped.
While in Key West nmy father made many acquaintances there. He met the
Collector of Oustos, George Allen, who was the son of W. S. Allen at Chuck-
aluskie. George in later years ran for Governor of Florida but was not
elected. At that time Key West was the third largest city in the State,
where all the cigar factories were.
We also made the acquaintances of John Lowe who was in the Sponge busi-
ness; Curry who was in mercantile business, also Whit* Furgerson, and Krane
who was the Publisher of the Key West paper.
We did our trading at Schmelann a Cuban on Duval Street. There also was
the Monkey Man who sold everything in his store. At this time they had auctions
every morning from eight to eleven oclbck on Front Street where everything was
sold. Key West had small stores in every block, run by Cubans and Americans
and everything they sold was bought at these auctions.
When ever there was a wreck on the Reefs, all sailing vessels of all sizes
started for the wreck. The first crew arriving there were called "boarding
masters". They had charge of it. Quite often the cargo of these wracked
vessels was sold at auction. This ituff was more or less damaged by water,
but quite a lot of the things were not. At one time my father bought a whole
bolt of S oz. duck which was slightly damaged by wathr.
My father also met a man Joe Fontne who had been a light keeper. He was
working for Will Allen on an Island back of Pavillion Key, what was called
Ohattem bend. He invited us to visit him when we came up that way.
After leaving Key West on our way back we went tirto Ohattem bend. Here
we found a nice house built on a high Indian mound. There was a lady there
who had several children who came from Georgia, said she was a school teacher.
Her husband was a colored man, Richard Hamilton. While here we found it a
very interesting place. We found bananas growing here, the french bananna,
and the plants grey from ten to twelve feet high. There was a Gumbo Limbo
ttee here where they had dates cut into the trunk where pirates had been
hung. We also found two graves made in ^f white azist sand and the white
sand around there must have been brought at least thirty miles away from






-12-


this place. (it was probably brought there.)
Indian pumpkins grew wild there. They were found hanging in trees -plenty
sweet potatoes grew there also. There were plenty fish and plenty large alli-
gators too.
I found quite a bit of pottery, a nice clay pipe, a saber- I should judge
of some American officer. Very peculiar things happened here. You could hear
boats land, people get out, throw out their oars, the dogs would bark but not
a should would be there or a boat Q or anything. I aaw one boat coming, no
sail up and went back and told the others about it but no boat appeared.
Later we went back to Chuckaluskie Island. Then we went up Hytie Potato
Creek. We went from one island to another and as we went along we tied white
cloth on limbs to help us find our way back. We got out on sae island and
found a banana grove right in the center of it. We picked up qhite a few of
them and took them back with us. Mr. Allen did not know this grove was on
the island. While we were at Mr. Allen's place we saw where he had quite a
few Nasaau darkies working for him helping him raise egg plants and tomatoes.
He sold these to New York markets. The crates he used were made of white
pine and were shipped from New York to Key West by steamer and from Key West
to Allens Place by schooner. Here the vegetables were wrapped and packed in
thhse crates which had been iptt together as they were shipped "knocked down".
Then the crates of vegetables were shipped to Key West by schooner from there
to New York where they were sold at a very high price as they arrived there in
the Winter. I heqrd him say he had cleared $500.00 on a half of acre of land
of egg plants and tomatoes.
While we were at Mr. Allen's place on Hytie Potato Creek we saw large
quantities of sugar cane growing along the river. The largest I ever saw. We
weighted one stalk and it weighted ten pounds. They used to cut a load of this
cane and take it along to Key West and it was sold at auction. The colored men
on Mr. Allen's place would bring a load over and a bunch of fellows would get
around a camp fire and chew cane and tell yarns. Here is where I firut saw
Richard Hamilton and heard the sak story of his life. He had two white wives,
one living on an Island at the mouth of Hytie Potato Creek (Mrs. Weeks -1 child)
and the other at Chattembend in a house on a high Indian mound. One night while
everyone was busy chewing cane and talking around the Camp fire we heard a boat
land at a little dock there and two men who had rifles came up and ordered us
to "put up" our hands, but Hamilton ran between two buildings and disappeared.
They never got him that time. He always went armed. He iss had a sail boat
he could scull, also sail. He used to fish and get clams around Pavillion Key.
One time when he was out there the schooner "Madgie" of Key West took after him
but his knowing the channels better soon got away from them among the Islands.
On one Lu of these chases after him Hamilton in escaping from them discovered
the passage back of Cape Roman which ; most people at that time thought it was
the mainland. He was never captured but later went to Key West and lived with
his sons until he died at quite an old age.
Soon after this we left the Allen Place and went to Ohuckaluskie Island
and staid there awhile then he sold his boat and place to Santina. Then we
came to Cedar Keys with Mr. Ricker and family. (Alligator Furgerson delivered
bananas to different places on the way up.
When we came back to Cedar Keys we rented a room from a Mr. Errickson in







-13-


a small house on the beach and my father and I batchedd" there. I went to
work in the Eagle Pencil Cedar Mill. A man by the name of Gurney a tack
manufacturer, stone deaf came to Cedar Keys and bought a cabin sloop from
Captain Edmunds and wanted to take a cruise town the Florida Coas so Capt.
Edmunds sent him to my father who had already made several trips down. So
a party of four was made up my father, Mr. Gurney, Debater Pittman and
myself.
We left about six oclock in the morning and went down the Coast to Tarpon
Springs, staid there one day only met one person there a doctor. There
were very few people there. Leaving early the next morning we went as far
as Clearwater Harbor. There we anchored for the night. Next morning we went
to Little Pass. We anchored and went ashore. We gathered shells, caught fish
and walked the beach. Staid around there for several days then went down
thru the narrows at Sara Sota Bay tkra The Rocks. Walked the beaches, got
clams and fish. Then we went inside down to Cases' Pass and staid here
several days and at this time we found where th loggerhead turtles were laying
their eggs along the beaches. So at night we gook a lantern and went along the
beach to "turn" a turtle an experience none of us had ever had. Mr. Gurney
being deaf made it hard for him tox understand what we were trying to do. I,
being a small boy had the job of carrying the lantern. Alligator Furgerson
had told my father how to do it when we were with kim. While they are on the
nlx2 nest laying you grab the front flippers and turn them over on their
backs and that is the way we did this time. The estimated this turtle weighed
about y two hundred pounds. We found over a hundred eggs, over a water bucket
fall. We had to drag the turtle nearly a mile. Where we hoisted it aboard
the boat with a block & tackle.













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TRIP TO TAMPIGO, MICO


thile ay father and I lived in Mr. Eriekson's house, there were several vessels
in the.. bibor being loaded with cross ties bridge ti.bers and rails to be ship d
to Tampioo, Mexico where a Boston company had contracted to build a railroad from
Tampico to the city of Mexico.
A three masted schooner, the L. A. Rommel(tonnage 396/100 of a Ton) hailed fro

Cape May, New Jersey.Captain Jeffries was the nat of the vessel; Mr.Lee was first
mate. There were four sailors before the mast. They had no cook e 7 father, be-
cause in his early days he had gone as steward on different vessels on the Massachu-
seotts coast, and they were in search of a steward decided to make the trip.And I went
with him as a cabin boy.

The t. A. toamel was loaded with cross-ties. several vessels left the bar the z
same time we didt the Annie Lewis, Capt. Carson's vessel left when we did; he left
his family bre; theylived in "The Suwannee Hotel".
When we were in sight of the Tampico lights a terrible hurricane came upnd we
had to head oat to sea again.Several vessels left to go to sea. (We had our sail
reefed down to storm tri-sail.) We laid to, at sea under a storm tri-sail and fore-
sail, the sea so heavy and the wind so hard we lost our entire dock load.Oaee near
we saw
losing a an.Ahile we were "laying to"/a large number of ties and wreckage, so Me
knew some vessel had lost its load also.lhen we finally reached Taspico, we learned
the "Annie Lewis" was lost and all hands on board, also an English square rigged
bark was gone.
We anchored outside the reef and part of our load was put onto steel barges and
towed into the harbor. Later we were towed in and then the unloading was finished.
We stayed in Tamnpico several days. Then took on part of a load of log wood which

was used to make dye out of. thile we were laid there in the harbor Captain Jeffries
bought quite a lot of cognac and cigars to s le intothe U.S.A. and it was up to me
to hide it where the supplies weren kept,in a storeroom. He had me take the :.oan

goods and soap out of the boxes and put cigars in them, nail them back up and put
then in the storeroom. The soap and canud goods were packed in the pantry t re
they could be used on air trip back.The cognac waspacked in between the timbers of


the toilet, after I had removed the floor boards and sidings. Then we started on our




S. .... .... heavy
way back to0 Gedar ey. Had a very nice voyage part of the way; then got into a/gale.
During this gale, q father and the Captain had a quarrel.I came into the cabin( I
carried a sheadd knife the same as the sailors did). The Captain started to hit
father. I made Jump at him with my knife Itried to cut his throat but only made a
gash on his neck. The Captain pushed to his state rooagot his shot gun and came down
where my fatir and I were ( I was 16 or 17 years old). The man at the wheel was watch-
ing what was going onso he called to the mate, Mr.Lee, to come and help settle the
a trouble. Before this happened, a few days before,the Captain had had me take
his gun down and clean it and the shots were noput back into the gun. Knowing this, I
vas not so Boared.When Mr. Lee came down, the Captain ordered him to tie me in the fore
rigging. Mr. Lee said, "Any body lay a hand on that boy I'll throw them overboard. ,
So no one bothered me. My father and had the friendship of everyone on board ex-
cept the Captain.
We arrived in Cedar Kq, anchored iqhe harbor. The Collector of Customs came aboard.
The Captain took him to his cabin and treated him to cognac and cigars.( After his quarrel
on the boat y father and the Gaptain had calmed down some .The Captain started treating
me pretty well before we arrived in Cedar Key.) I had made up mind to report him to
the Collector of Customs when we got here.The Captain refused to let y father an4e go
ashore. One morning before the Captain got up, a small boat waspassig band I hailed

it and they picked me up and pume ashore on the sand sp4. X went up town and inquired
where I cou) find the COAstoms Collector.I reported to him that Captain Jeffries had
smuggled goods aboard the boat.lhei the Captain fond -me goneshe was afraid I vould it
just that.So he had the crew take the stuff and put it in the ship's yawl, and then took
it over to Sena Otie where it was stored under Colonel White's house.
The Customs Collector seemed to pay no attentiki to what I was trying to tell him, but
while I was talking an officer from the Revenue cutter "Dix" came in.He heard part of the
conversation, s o he said, "Let te boy came with me and they would run down alongside the
vessel and make an inspection' But when we arrived, one officer took 4e Captain in
charge, but we did not find the stuff; it had been moved on God' said one of the


sailors. Part of the cutter's crew took this sailor in their long boat and went to the
island and found the stuff. They brought it back to t he tter at took the Captain in
chargejMr. Lee took over the ship,and told ny father antke he would put us ashore which he
did.The Captain was taken to Jacksonville and triedand a heavy fine was paid. One day
whiL w on the b w it wa hodin ag
on tne san i n e tiese Arwye ariaeraatnrIw&
wife; she was Ellen Olivia Webster. what was the first tim I had evr seen her and the
next time was at a dance at the Magnolia Hluse.












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