The geographic distribution of cereals in North America

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Material Information

Title:
The geographic distribution of cereals in North America
Physical Description:
Book
Creator:
Plumb, Charles S ( Charles Sumner ), 1860-1939
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Division of Biological Survey : ( Washington, D.C )
G.P.O.
Publication Date:

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 9067097
System ID:
AA00021184:00001

Full Text



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41
4 p
OV.- TRANSMIT fAL.
wo, Aoxio UUE
VLT
Az 'VBY
LOGloxt SUR
nqto' jume 267 1898.
4 nf
'04 t 'boboChor6with, for pubHeatim as,,IR
P
JLwa (4imbon of the Secret'ary,
C' 0 of the
Illy
the more, ilfiportalit vmiofioKj'
teohine I ow far the distdb
of, thq rh zolows,
b Mon lioa
a "viped m.- p 6f
',I,
low
"s-
ell




m mA
COTNS
Intrducton .... ... ... ... .... .... ... .... .. .... ...
Geogapho dstrbutin --------------------
C o - - - - - - - - - - . . . .
Grous ad vaietes .......
Noe nte rusadvaite ..............
--- --- ------------ --- ------- --- -- --- ----- --
Groupsiii an a ite - -- ---- -- -- -- -- --
Noe ntegop n aite ............
0|t - - - - - -m- - - - - - - -
Gru sa dv reis------------
Noe nt eg o p n aite ---------------
L4.
of ce e l y z n s.. . .. -- -- -- -- --
iiiiILLUSTRATIONS
Ma hwn ieznso h nte tts-----------
1.iiiii Ma hwn itiuinoftrevreiso oa
NotLaig ndWieGudSe
2.Mp hwn itiuinoffu aite fwel ]
iterrmeai Maadni ------
3. MaIhwn itiuto ftrevrete fois 1
Re utPofadWloe
r7o
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# #
VY W4,O!
ir
(mpor the
momt a", OUR
- thimgh Aecre I tari
a-M, "e-w" 'Of about
r
ow a througholit the-
gr two
-blaida the
th Ahe on
hM beef kn6wn no
As,
ou lowlsod or upxmV,
0, -t ", # -1
ttt
404
IV




it
dotsdohea o 0
Autal sSp~e] L
an as nLusaawha sams nuk
sameimayibeisaidiofimostitheriPartsiof tha Lower.
northern Texas and Oklahoma. The warm, moistiiiiiiiiiiiiii
codtoshr ao h eeomn ffnosdsa L1
degreeiiiiiiiiiiii thttepat r silyrie rgety"
earyitaiiiigrwt.iIiFoiiaiiiirleceeaiiw
vatediiiiii] exceptiiiiiiiiiiii' onteu ln s ttenrhenedo h
corn andoats mak an unstisfactoy growthcompare
th pe utawieweamsntgona l n'
scale.iiiiii
proof11 vaitecifaogwihisteTxsRdBs r614
iiiiii grw nalteG l tts
I niiiiiiiayiiiiadwha ae mstsccmfil
th Upe uta oe hl asaebs n otpo
the Trniinzne raogte odro h Upr-ut
Transition.
Th rda clmto fvreiso eeltruhyw
iiianiulivtoniasgoesofaiowvrthtsom
nowmuciieteraiiiedtoiiezonithn t anthe. Te Fin
coeioihirbetdeelpenii tehiheippr utrl n
t=iiiihleM sys rlf o h in] lig lset h
iiiiiiiasthiebsti h hge owrA w lwie
Tataia racesgratstpefetin inthirnstin.Thm
iiiiegvnsipyt hwth dpaiiy fvreist
zones.
GEGPI DIT__BTIN
In.thefolowig dscusio oly hos vaietesrenclde
recognized as.ta.ad.ne.b.......ad.ran.ro er




vv"'X-1"' .
- "44
17* OA a" E to T e best
ou 22.
41
ArOwe"81 in x1ora -ii", by vwiefim
17
Zone.
401, jit
Angel of Vidiflight ------- Transition and upper edge of yp-
pex Austral,
QmW= PAght-rowed Transition and upper edg# of Up-
per Austr4l.
----------- Trandition aud upW edge of Up- j
pot AnstraL
Tiansitim and uM)er edge of Uj
lt!" How -------
l por Austral.
BaWhorl-,ii-iiiiiiii-- ITIW" Austral.
Dmt ........... Iiiii Lbwor'Auafiml and, lower, edgd dr
Uppor Auo&,al.,
Upperi-&ustml and uppok part qf
LoWer Aeo".
4L
------- "Upiptirl Aui
'A Y-J -i ----------- J,6w4w AustraL
of tU If6rth ---- Tirknisition.
"Wilith- Uppdr AustraL
Voord Soed::::::-: Upwr and L6ver Ai L
AL
Upw A7118traL
....... 1071PP-or Austral-
44
--------------- Upw Aiust6a. 4
Vjopor Austral.
lover Aomtr--d su& ]O'W40r
O*W Austral.
Uppot Anst6aL
and, Atud
I Fppor Au*9L
Tram ftwo-
IT
AlWrAL
T=n Roor'Auo
Wfism U, AuMmif koa-
mod.
"'S Tromsi0owL a0d Vppw,&o al-l
........ . . . .
At
j 4




ii
(a rnT 06.
i~ ~ ~1 Angel ofiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii Lidght
(2) amaian igh-rowd Yllow (1) 8 01
(3 igPii.()wu
(! oelo.()SN
(b)PET CRK
(5 loy u-h
t04+ ,.4
(6 ode et
(14 gow
(7 Hicor King
(8 emn.(e "o 0,
(9 csysPoii.(5
9 ven i orderAs Mows




ku
kitoww hl ,
seed, jift
ia, tho
Ewatoll th*t W-1
-43




Ot
iiiiiiiiii trlrAsrrzm adlu06
i ndiiiiiiiiiiii c t tha iti~i isbete.a ap....th......t f lto
iii y inIdaa ass etukMwLNbak
Viiii riiiindDeaw re
(8)iiiii Lemn.Ti soeo h eybs nwms
an ceirdutveoiheDniirs.Anmbro
reothviggonita--g stet-fv er
...................................... .... ... ........ ......... .... ..... .. . ..... . . .. .




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:(t) 4ha s
w~~ --Ystt s o t
4t*MSvnSae |
............ m a noten L uid n n ber
Lower Ausra zone the ote wnyfo|h
'UprAsrai a MsorA
an otenAaaa t.0alaWi6my e
Upe Asra ye iceto fte heeyd
Loe Asrl Lusiu ndAabm)'cnhrdil
wiiiiii n th iiso ucsflo rftbecla
(12)iiiiiiiii Wht Gor h.T i ait sas nw s
Imrvd.|ud BeSutenGudSe,4gGud
Gour See, ed, i is ssetialy a outern orn
sI rw nteGl ndlwrAlni sao r
nierprso twr eeie rmsvnenSau
eahfo aionaiOiadFoia.I.h Loew
Wht GuiSedscedinTxsLoiin B l
wetr enseMsisi i lbm, lrma
Caoi n ot aoin.I h pe uta
notenAknacnrladesenTnese
arln, ign
an ot aoln-wsen.NrhCT
Ne esy n Pnslai.Wtl rw uh
Loe hnteUprAsrate etyed r
lattr ine.Thee i on reortfro, te Tanstio i "
Couny, hio, whre'theseed I hin, mut b plnte
afae hsvreysem:t eaatdt
frmtebudr ewenteUpradL
fi.17P 1.
(C o T OW
(1 Sqa.N te!nincr ilmtr edw
iv- a.
wil thsvrey ti eotdt ae engonDY
particularly te Nrtheat fro ties atedtin
ofte onryb tewits Ffy topesn
twleSae adsxCndinpoicsadalO
exetfu x es fteMsisip ie.I h




t I




NOM -
noaoLftoe vfew h"b
tr aolbs
(amMMWRT
1 iiwsn..Rpot frmMyfv oripnet
Stte ocHe hi arey udywibn h Vpf
-Trnitiiii i on ........ bstfttdfo teVp e
aloi otenprso h rniin *nPunyvbg-
chseta Thi i de o hewhat avngben late
OhoadCnetctRve aes ha rv
zone._
M---- "ue~e.Rprsfo ieyfecrepnet
Stte lmi hi v'ret ailytote ppr aira 111,
hoeefo he onis nnrhr ew iei
..............................................................I n
touchesiteiTransiionialtoughiusualyiiniiiiiiwhera
iiiiiiiiio s p ev il
(iii. Rprso ti aet eercevdfo
iiiiiiii twuyfv orsodns ctee vrtit
theiiiii motetnieygo nvret fwetrpre i
froiiiiii th tatcams oth aii'adfo h
thsiiiiiiiiiG et aes t scewt uli
is, ainl retried t th Uppr Autra zon. )mIt
upper!!!!!!!!! ...................... an o e a t f l b m ah e
seei kaok n svni ensmI h
Pon insnheti Woig(vnto) ttoi
taa(lisadSrnhlla w nWa ada
points.i..n.rtheastern.O.io...............an..Ne..Yor
maescesu rwhwti h iasto oe lo
-hne'-nTnnseNot arln.iWsNVigna







Ilk,
or
4 ur
!elk
41wa, v(f"rTArwtl"ofWbwA. Oros* (+)=Red, Flh Spot (4p)=Xe4iterrausu. Oirale(o)=XjW-
Jhn M




4-
dftts
Af ,Pk f( Oolumbis
qj),Per awid TJOW&
# '4
Moro Ahan, el6ew ore,'i t,
"Apaqnm %
"4 A
iepod which n'-i Lgwhtr
the Onb at HazelmOik
'OoWwb*, which woms to mme
" i. #
MOh* 'appears-to. be a c
v -belongs to the wjntetOjajS.!
41 t
Vus, mtrodoCAXI,
A by
'Pem0 11entai Pgrm, %t
WO40"TSPOU&MMA, oWy one
the others
'1- 0, "-4; aAd Ontari-o. 6f
# A
those in 1)
;OIw* P,
k vt; W.,
#4
vow., "Wot
Pon- t OC
#,D
O'A




I *xIcjKWL40xmI
points fi sbu.w
A
OAT'&
A-R-of the 6ats reported 'Upon WOO 40
common oat The
flerw elamioal and th6" -lot*
-MAW"
46
40
QJWUPS AND V A&
OPM PAMdLIM OATS.
IjAucobL
7 1
Lo", brownish or duo oohWed'seA
r ad Unat Prwf.
xOTRS ON Tim ''OF.OVOM -
The above-namM viX"eS W* h iM
*Wu cerWn wues aa Ao" below-.,.-
(IJ Ammim* BamWr Ot, *6_1
IMmu in the Canadian provioem P
pereovs mventy-six being &-*a 0" 40*1
WWddo and 6im froM AebtiskC' 04
-a" in. the Vpper Axsti*4 UW
''ZiAdtion zone.. *Them are *vW
this oat V*ah" Q&
4; abdBrItish MIMI" lk
ImW ambdug
. _z -64 #AiA good" yidds tft the
-,a* liot eudrw- PMW4




And it
thd uiosv riomndy introduced 1;j11L11,1N i
five, or- six years. It has been
U.Mbowomived with much f1mor.
it Oom iwenty-threo States and Territories and
1pmyq~, showing it to bevery la gely grown m--
d IU r Augtml *zones. In the Transition it aue ,'
Wismasin (about Grmn Bay), NovA-
British Oolumbh Agsiniboia', Manitoba, north-
.,(AshtabulA County), and omtern Ontario (Glengary
0 hondred and two per "sons reported on tW vari ty-,
and eight Canadian provinces. Vhese reports
to succeed in the TJDDer Austral and Transition zones,
1rom': tWe -a in Alborta,7 point -ne, in Saskatebewan one
11eW Dra and Nov
n6wia -a Scotia Khow that it
Orow in the Bor al region. It is commonly grown
0-4ynortt of the Ohio River, in the northern PartA of
jaiiio" ui Oat-48 Oner--Otr Luc best known intha.
'Ilk
-Ji bmu vid under the bajnes of Wliite Australian
fig. 37 p. 20.),
-VW W* is rather locally grown, not being known over
41 'rve Pexaons, repori it very largely from the
Oem well gafier4y in ssissipp47
Mi Alabama4
60d northern FloAda--in Jag,,Uon and -ILO
m 4NIX t 11116 lower part Of tye -U
to $V00- 1AX p per
aam-, south, oaroun.-A.,.amd. middJe
Oounty,,Ind., where theai 4
as re rds 'yield. It i4eai4t,
'Proq rtg fro*
W Wejllty-two tatm and,
;I ido.0;tribuOmt. It is by
-Y7
t
4,
m AO
*W tod,
At
'lot
-nl- t-, #
-4,4
Ze




7
dd
0
0
0 0
A
3d
Lill
3w
t1w"Ywistiftaf Onte: Cross (X)-BlaokT&rt4rl&n. Spot(*) Red-Rust Proof. Maio (0) waloome.




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zlqpe *herojt
'71-- -
Am
1AA *A
4 0 'iOik fin mle 940j,
Adigj '*
Tlos-alo rte,df om Ar,
# repo
Ark*ftaAkSottth Carob,
6r j
wn *ith, suoqe $.
ff
t he
W wh'




i,-
ml F
AIk o g'ObMdi
Jv a
In twskoport
PQ*
0%" 0 00ta
........ wt .....
'Sonw stppe mM ow Cm ....... Dmit
winte .......
...... ... ... ...... ........................ ........ .. .
-U p p er.................... ......... ............................. .L-- -I
Whs.'.: itrPw tr
Wha .. itr ..... iu
W -e t. .. i tO
Wha ----Tvkw"a.
Whet ------Winer ..... oleffma 'I
1V m . . F i t .. . . n q
Con..... P it ..
AL f U p r A s r o n. .. .. ln . . -L'
aammgn pnPnce Lnok
Oas----- pnPnoewlaw
ws..... flad a ee. h b u i ft
C6 .. . F t t . .
cam....... of ......... j~aw
Whea Sprng .........
Tommou ..............Whet ------ Sring........ so"=Owo
Nnes. .. SprnT .....;_%
Wha ..
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