Bahama Islands 1784-1819

Documenting Runaway Slaves (DRS) ( Related URL )
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Material Information

Title:
Bahama Islands 1784-1819
Abbreviated Title:
Documenting Runaway Slaves Project
Physical Description:
Dataset of newspaper advertisements
Language:
English
Creator:
Chambers, Douglas
Publisher:
University of Southern Mississippi
Place of Publication:
Hattiesburg, Mississippi
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Dataset
Runaway slave advertisements
Spatial Coverage:
Jamaica

Notes

Abstract:
Includes Caribbean files from "Documenting Runaway Slaves" (DRS). Text from: http://aquila.usm.edu/drs/ : The Documenting Runaway Slaves (DRS) research project is a collaborative effort to document newspaper advertisements placed by masters seeking the capture and return of runaway slaves. Dr. Max Grivno and Dr. Douglas Chambers, lead researchers and faculty members in the Southern Miss Department of History, are focusing their pilot project on Mississippi, but plans are already in place to expand the research to the larger Gulf South, the rest of the southern United States, the Caribbean, and Brazil. Runaway slave advertisements personalize history, providing important clues about the lives of slaves, their efforts at self-emancipation, and the viewpoints of their masters. The ads often include first and last names of the slaves and their masters, where they lived, ages, and names of the current and previous slaveholder. They sometimes also include reasons why the slave fled, possible destinations, clothing, special skills or talents, and personality features. This project will gather these documents and organize them into a full-text searchable online resource for academic researchers, genealogists and anyone who wants to learn more about this time period. The Documenting Runaway Slaves research project has received generous support from the Mississippi Humanities Council (http://www.mshumanities.org/), the U.S. National Park Service’s Lower Mississippi Delta Initiative (http://www.nps.gov/history/delta/home.htm), the National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom Program (http://www.nps.gov/subjects/ugrr/index.htm), and The University of Southern Mississippi, including the Department of History (http://www.usm.edu/history), the Center for the Study of the Gulf South (http://www.usm.edu/history/gulf-south), and the College of Arts & Letters (http://www.usm.edu/arts-letters).
Citation/Reference:
Chambers, Douglas B., "Jamaica Runaway Slaves: 19th Century" (2013). Documenting Runaway Slaves. Paper 3. http://aquila.usm.edu/drs/3
Funding:
Research was funded in part by an Aubrey Keith Lucas and Ella Ginn Lucas Endowment for Faculty Excellence Award, University of Southern Mississippi.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright by Creator. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for research and educational uses. Permission to reuse, publish or reproduce this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions must be obtained from the copyright holder.
System ID:
AA00021144:00003


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1 Runaway Slaves in the Bahama Islands 1784 1819 Edited by Douglas B. Chambers University of Southern Mississippi 1 ( Feb. 201 4 ) 16 October 1784 Bahama Gazette [BAH000 1 .BG6Oct1784] Run away from Hog Island, on the 30 th of September, 1784, Six Negro Slave s, viz. JOE, MORRIS, CUFFEE, JULY, BINAH and HANNAH; any person who will deliver the said negroes to the said subscriber, or to the keeper of the Jail, shall receive One Hundred Dollars Reward, and a proportional sum for any one of them: Joe, Morris, and C uffee, are hired to the proper; Morris, about 5 feet 6 inches, much marked with the small pox, speaks remarkable slow and particular in every word; Cuffee, ab out 5 feet 6 inches high, speaks sharp and remarkable man ; July, a mustee, with uncommon large bushy hair, very black and coarse, he is well made and does not exceed 5 feet 4 or 5 feet inches in height: Binnah [sic] is a wife to Joe, a short well made we nch, of a yellow cast and very slow in speech, but very proper; Hannah is black and near the height of Binnah, but very slender, speaks good English and [ illeg. ]. Neither of the wenches appear to be more than 5 feet, nor any of the six to be more than from twenty five to thirty years old. As I am apprehensive these are deluded away and harboured by some white person or persons, who may intend carrying them off the country, I do hereby offer a reward of Four Hundred Dollars to any person or persons apprehend ing the said offenders, if a white, and if black, One Hundred Dollars, so as they may be convicted. The runaways shall have a free pardon, and the liberty of [ illeg. ] another master, if they return. JOHN RUSSELL. Nassau, October 1, 1784. 2 1 Sources: Latin American Collection, Smathers Library, University of Florida, Bahama Gazette Mf. reel 079.7296 B1513p (1784 1786); Bahama Gazette Mf. reel 079.7296 B 1513p 2 (1789 1792); Bahama Gazette Mf. reel 079.7296 B1513p (1793 1795); Bahama Gazette Mf. reel 079.7296 B1513p (1796 1798); Bahama Gazette Mf. reel 079.7296 B1513p (1799 1800); Bahama Gazette Mf. re el 079.7296B1513p (1812 1813); Bahama Gazette Mf. reel 079.7296B1513p (1814 1815, 1819); Royal Gazette Mf. reel 079.7296 R888 (10 July 1804 Dec., 1806); Royal Gazette Mf. reel 079.7296 R888 (1807 1809). Funded in part by a grant in aid from the Baird Fund Center for the Study of the Gulf South, University of Southern Mississippi (May 2013). 2 See for later occurrence of running away, Bahama Gazette 24 Jan. 1792 [BAH0001b.BG24Jan1792]: Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man Slave named CUFFY, a Caulke r and Sawyer, about five Feet six Inches high, is well known about Town. This is to Caution all Masters of Vessels from carrying the said Negro off this Island, and any Person or Persons from harbouring the said Negro, as they will be prosecuted to the utm ost Rigour of the Law. Ten Dollars Reward will be paid on the Delivery of him to Mr. William Slater. JOHN RUSSELL. January 24, 1792. And see also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 27 Jan. 1792 [BAH0001c.BG27Jan1792].

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2 8 January 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH000 2 .BG8Jan1785] 3 Run Away about two months since from the Subscriber, a negro lad named JAY, about 18 years of age, well known by negroes from St. Augustine and Savannah; a Reward of Ten Dollars will be paid, on delivery of him to the Jailor, or to ELINOR SEYMOUR, Nassau, January 6, 1785. 12 February 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH000 3 .BG12Feb1785] 4 Ten Guineas Reward. Run away from the Subscriber at New York, in August 1783, A Negro Man named CASTALIO, about 5 feet 7 or 8 inches high, well made, speaks good English, also the Dutch and French Languages distinctly; he is rather of a clear black complexion, has country marks on each side of his face, which is rather round, and his nose very hollow in the middle; he is a compleat waiting man, s haves, and dresses hair, formerly belonged to a Dutch Gentleman in St. Eustatia, and says he went with his master from thence to Holland, and was sent out again to the West Indies; he was brought to Charleston, in May 1783 by Mr. James Ashton, of St. Thoma to Mr. James Miller, from whom the Subscriber purchased him. Said negro fellow attempted to run away at New York, with another negro fellow named DICK, belonging to Mr. Benjamin Hanson, now of Dominica, both of whom were detected and c onfined, and afterwards made their escape; he is supposed to have been carried to Abaco, or some other of the Bahama Islands, by some white person. The above Reward will be paid with all reasonable charges to any white person (or Five Guineas to any negro, ) [sic] who will secure said Boy Castalio so that he may be delivered to Messrs. Forbes & Stevens, of Nassau, New Providence; or Fifteen Guineas, on delivery of said Negro to the Subscriber in Charleston, South Carolina. HENRY SCHOOLBRED. Charleston, Janua ry 4, 1785. 5 March 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH000 4 .BG5Mar1785] Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro named DAVY, about 5 feet 6 inches high, has his country marks on his breast, the marks in this form Also a Negro Wench named ROSE, the 3 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 5 Mar ch 1785 [BAH0002b.BG5Mar1785]. 4 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 19 Feb. 1785 [BAH0003b.BG19Feb1785].

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3 wife of the sai d Davy. Whoever [will] apprehend and deliver the said Negroes to [the] Provost Marshal, shall receive Eight Dollars [from] DUGAL EVANS. Nassau, March 2, 1785. 30 April 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH000 5 .BG30Apr1785] Ten Guineas Reward. Run Away from Mr. John Negro man named PETER, by trade a House Carpenter, with his wife PINDAR, and four Sons, named JULY, GILBO, ROBIN and PETER; also, a Negro Woman named VENUS, and a Man named TOBY; the above ar e all American Negroes; together with a young Negro Fellow this country born, named ROBIN. They went off in a new Luggage Boat, about 3 tons, and are supposed to be amongst the Keys; the mainsail of the boat [is] remarkable, being made of crocus; and Pet er has [a] quantity of Tools with him. Ten Guineas Reward will be paid to any Person discoverying them, so as they may be recovered, over and above the reward allowed by law, or One Guinea for either of the Negroes, or Boat. PARR ROSS. Nassau, April 28, 17 85. 21 May 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH000 6 .BG21May1785] Ten Dollars Reward, Run away from the Subscribers, a Negro Lad about 17 years of age, named WILL, of a very black complexion, about 5 feet 8 inches high, had on when he went away, a [ illeg. ] shirt, li nsey woolsey and oznaburg trowsers, [ illeg. ] has been in some quarrel, and got a stroke on his left eye, which is much inflamed and swelled. Any Person apprehending and securing the said fellow, so as to lodge him in jail, or delivers him to the Subscriber s, will be entitled to the above reward; and all Persons are hereby forewarned against harbouring the said Negro, or carrying him off the Island, on pain of being [prosecuted] to the utmost rigour of the law. FORBES & STEVENS. Nassau, May 20, 1785. 16 Ju ly 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH000 7 .BG16July1785] Runaway from the Subscriber, a Negro Fellow named BEN, a Shoemaker by Trade, Bermuda born, and formerly the property of the deceased Mr. RUSH TUCKER. Four Dollars, with all reasonable charges, will be paid to any Person who will deliver him to the Provost Marshal or his Deputy.

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4 JOHN TUCKER. Nassau, July 12, 1785. 23 July 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH000 8 .BG23July1785] 5 Run Away from the Subscriber on Monday, a Negro Wench named DAPHNE, of a yellowish complexion, about 20 years of age, Georgia born. Four Dollars, with all reasonable charges, will be paid to any Person who will deliver her to the Provost Marshal or his Deputy. JOHN HALY. July 22, 1785. 6 August 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH00 09 .BG6Aug1785] 6 Four Dolla rs Reward. Run Away about nine months ago in St. Augustine, a Negro Man named SAMBO; he is an old fellow about 55 years of age, has remarkably long upper lip and chin, is knock kneed, and has a large flat foot, is well known by the Negroes as a Baptist Pre acher, calls himself a freeman, and is often seen in Nassau. Also, a Negro Man called PRINCE; he is a little bow legged and turns in his great toes, has his country marks down his face; went away about four days ago. Whoever takes up the said Negroes or ei ther of them, and delivers them to Mr. Peter Dean, merchant in Nassau, or to me at the Blue Hills, shall receive Two Dollars reward for each. ISAAC BAILLOU. Refugee Hill, August 6, 1785. 6 Aug ust 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH001 0 .BG6Aug1785] 7 Run Away from t he Subscriber, a young stout Negro Man [MAN] the property of Dr. SCOTT; he is well known about the White Ground. Six Dollars Reward will be given besides charges, to any Person who will deliver him to PHILLIP MOORE. Nassau, August 6, 1785. 5 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 30 July 1785 [BAH0008b.BG30July1785]. 6 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 13 Aug. 1785 [BAH0009b.BG13Aug 1785]. 7 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 13 Aug. 1785 [BAH0010b.BG13Aug1785].

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5 6 Aug ust 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH001 1 .BG6Aug1785] Run Away from the Subscriber, a Negro Girl named GRACE; any Person harbouring her, or carrying her off this Island, will be prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. RICHARD DURHAM. [n.d.] 6 August 1785 Bahama Gaz ette [BAH001 2 .BG6Aug1785] 8 Absented themselves from the Subscribers at the time of the evacuation of Charleston, the following Negroes, who have been since seen in Nassau, JACK, JENNY, MILEY & MARY; the last we are informed, has had a child since she went off. They were purchased by me in 1779 of Mr. Hugh Wilson of Wadmelaw, who sold them on account of Mrs. Lowry, his Sister, whose receipt for the Bond then given for them, will be produced by us, and an indemnification to that effect, given by Mr. David Swa nson. A reward of one fourth part of whatever they may sell for will be paid in Charleston to any person who will deliver them to us, or our Attorney Mr. Swanson, who will guarantee the Reward. Their expences will likewise be paid. COLCOCK & GIBBONS. Charl eston, July 15, 1785. 20 August 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH001 3 .BG20Aug1785] 9 Being determined to prosecute to the utmost rigor of the law, all such against whom sufficient information shall be given, for which information if against a white Person Twelve Dollars, if against a free Negro Ten Dollars, and if against a Negro Slave Four Dollars, will be paid, the Subscriber cautions all Persons from harbouring or employing a certain short stout black Negro Fellow named ROBIN, who was lately employed in the Ord nance Department. Four Dollars will be paid upon his being delivered to DAVID ZUBLY, jun. He informs his friends and the Public, that he now lives in the House lately occupied by William Henry Mills, Esq.; and there continues his School for the education o f youth, in Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic: Also, Latin, Greek, and Geography, if desired. 10 8 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 20 Aug. 1785 [BAH0012b.BG20Aug1785]. 9 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 15 Oct. 1785 [BAH0013b.BG15Oct1785]. 10 See also vari ation, Bahama Gazette 19 Nov. 1785 [BAH0013c.BG19Nov1785] Eight Dollars Reward. Run Away about three months since, when he was employed in the Ordnance Department, a Negro Man named ROBIN; he is a short thick black Fellow, chews a great deal of tobacco, is much addicted to strong liquor, and very insolent when drunk. Whoever delivers the said Fellow to the Subscriber, shall receive the above Reward. Masters of Vessels and all others are cautioned from harbouring, concealing or carrying off the said

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6 24 September 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH001 4 .BG24Sept1785] 11 Run away from the Subscriber, two indented Dutch Servant Men, who are well known about town; also, the following Negroes; viz. TONEY, WILL, and JACK THOMAS; the last is a jobbing carpenter, and carried off his tools with him. Half a Guinea reward will be given to the Persons who shall apprehend and deliver to the Jailor, any of the above mentioned indented Servants or Negroes, and the same Reward will be paid to whoever will give information sufficient to convict any person, white or black, of harbouring or employing them. Against the parties who may be informed of, the utmost rigour of the law will be exert ed. HUGH DEAN. 19 November 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH001 5 .BG19Nov1785] Run Away from the Subscriber in South Carolina, about six years ago, the following Negroes, viz. MONDAY, about thirty years of age, 5 feet 9 or 10 inches high, speaks good English; JOE a thick well set Fellow, speaks broken English; LINDER, a thick well made wench, a very good Seamstress; SUE, a tall slim made wench of a yellowish complexion, her son SAM, about five years old when they ran away, and I am informed she has had two Childr en since. Sue was formerly the property of Mrs. Newton in this Island, and as her mother is here, there is reason to believe she is also here at this time. Any person apprehending Sue and her family, or giving information so that I can get them, shall rece ive a Reward of Twenty Guineas, and Ten Guineas for each of the others. THOMAS COMMANDER. Nov. 17, 1785. 10 December 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH001 6 .BG10Dec1785] Whereas the jail in this town, was before day break, on the Morning of Monday the 5 th inst. br oke open; and the following Negroes made their escape, viz. POLYDORE, 12 belonging to Fellow; and such as are offending may depend upon being prosecuted with the utmost rigour of the Law. If he returns of his own accord, he will fare the better. DAVID ZUBLY, jun. Nov. 18, 1785. 11 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 1 Oct. 1785 [BAH0014b.BG1Oct178 5]. 12 See also variation, Bahama Gazette 10 Dec. 1785 [BAH0016b.BG10Dec1785]: The above mentioned Slave POLYDORE, is a stout well made Mulatto Man, near 6 feet high, of a dark yellowish complexion, exceedingly artful and plausible, passing himself as a F reeman under the name of JOHN GREEN. He is by trade a Carpenter and Boat Builder, and has lately carried away two new setts of tools, necessary for such business. Any person harbouring or employing him will be prosecuted as the law directs. SAMUEL FARLEY. Dec. 9, 1785.

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7 SAMUEL FARLEY, Esq.; FRANCISCO, under sentence of transportation, and NERO, belonging to Mr. FOX: I do hereby offer a Reward of Five Guineas, for each of the said Negroes, to whoever will apprehend and deliver them to me, and I do also offer the same Reward to any Person or Persons who will give information of their being harboured, to be paid on conviction of the person offending. HENRY GLENTON, D.P.M. Nassau, December 9, 1 785. 24 December 1785 Bahama Gazette [BAH001 7 .BG24Dec1785] 13 Ten Guineas Reward. Run away from the Subscriber, two Negro Girls, named DAPHNE and sixteen years old; Ti nah is a smart, squat likely black Girl, of nearly the same age. A Reward of Two Guineas will be paid for each, and Ten Guineas, if harboured by a White Person, on conviction of the offender. JAMES HEPBURN. [n.d.] 14 January 1786 Bahama Gazette [BAH001 8 .BG14Jan1786] Run Away about the 12 th of October last [1785] a stout made Negro Fellow named JACKSON, 14 about thirty years of age, a little pitted with the small pox, and is well known about town. He has associated himself with several Runaway Negroes, who are encamped in the bushes somewhere behind the Hospital. Whoever will deliver the said Negro to the subscriber, shall receive Twelve Pieces of Eight Reward. JOHN MORRIS. [n.d.] 13 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 31 Dec. 1785 [BAH0017b.BG31Dec1785]. 14 See also later occurrence of running away, Bahama Gazette 4 Nov. 1786 [BAH0018b.BG4Nov1786]: Ten Dollars Reward. Run Away from the Subscriber, on Tuesday night l ast, a Negro Man named JACKSON, about 5 feet 8 inches high, square made, and has the looks of a compleat villain; had on when he went off, a large chain and iron collar fastened with a double bolted padlock round his ankle. Whoever delivers the said fellow to the Subscriber, or secures him in Nassau Jail shall receive Ten Dollars, and the like sum to those who will discover the person or persons who assisted in knocking off his Irons; he was seen going with his irons on towards that harbour for villains, th e Negro Town behind the Hospital. Masters of Vessels are cautioned against carrying him off the Island. JOHN MORRIS. Nassau, Nov. 2, 1786. And see clear copy, Bahama Gazette 11 Nov. 1786 [BAH0018c.BG11Nov1786].

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8 11 February 1786 Bahama Gazette [BAH00 19 .BG11Feb1786] Run away from the Su bscriber eastwardly of the town, two Negro Men named TOM and TULLY. Tom is a middle sized Negro, full mouth, something yellow, a little marked with the small pox. Tully is pretty tall, very black, speaks very good English. Whoever will deliver one or both to me, shall have One Guinea reward, for each of them. I also forewarn any person or persons from harbouring, employing, or carrying them off this island, as I am determined to prosecute any that does. PHILIP DELL. February 10, 1786. 8 April 1786 Bahama Gazette [BAH002 0 .BG8Apr1786] Run Away from the Subscriber on Friday 12 th a Negro Man named DANIEL, a Baker by trade; he is pretty tall, very black, speaks good English, one of his toes stands up right, I believe on his right foot, and not fit to wear any shoes, was late the property of John Wood, Esq. Whoever will deliver him to me, or to the Jail Keeper, shall have Four Dollars, Reward. I also forewarn any Person or Persons from harbouring, employing or carrying him off this Island, as I am determined to prosecute any that does. FREDERICK STAGE. March 30, 1786. 10 June 1786 Bahama Gazette [BAH002 1 .BG10June1786] Run Away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man named LONDON, remarkably likely and well made; he is about 22 years of age, 5 feet 10 inches high, is very artful and sensible, speaks good English with the accent of the back country people of South Carolina, had on, when he went away, a blue jacket with metal buttons, and a pair of long trowsers. He has been seen near Mr. stward, where he was once before taken up. A reward of Four Guineas will be paid for apprehending him, on his being delivered in Nassau to me, or in my absence to John Wood, Esq.; and a further reward of Ten Guineas will be paid for information of his bein g harboured, entertained, or in anywise employed by any person whatever, on conviction of the offender. ROBERT JOHNSTON. Who wants an overseer for his Plantation on Cat Island. A Person well recommended, will meet with good encouragement, and no other need apply. Nassau, June 8, 1786. 17 June 1786 Bahama Gazette [BAH002 2 .BG17June1786]

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9 known by the name of JEM, and formerly belonged to Major Belton. Whoever will appr ehend and deliver him to me, or in my absence, to Donal Ferguson, shall receive Twelve Dollars reward; and I do forewarn all Persons from harbouring, employing or taking him off the aforesaid Island. JOHN FERGUSON. Nassau, June 17, 1786. 8 July 1786 Bah ama Gazette [BAH002 3 .BG8July1786] Ten Dollars Reward. Run Away on the 30 th of June last, a Negro Man named BEN, commonly called BEN SHORLAND, about five feet eight inches high, stammers very much in his speech, a ship carpenter by trade, and well known abo ut the town of Nassau, for a thief and a runaway. Whoever takes him up and secures him in jail, shall receive the above reward, to be paid by JOHN KEMP. Nassau, July 8, 1786. 12 August 1786 Bahama Gazette [BAH002 4 .BG12Aug1786] 15 Run Away from the Subscri ber, on Monday the 31 st of July, a Negro Fellow named JOE. Whoever will apprehend the said runaway, and deliver him to the keeper of the public Jail in Nassau, shall receive One Guinea Reward. HENRY GLENTON. Nassau, August 12, 1786. 2 September 1786 Bah ama Gazette [BAH002 5 .BG2Sept1786] Forty Dollars Reward. Will be paid to whoever will deliver to the Subscriber, or to the Keeper of the Jail, a Negro Man named JACK, a stout well set fellow 5 feet 7 inches high, has an impediment in his speech, and is mark ed with the small pox: he lately belonged to Mr. John Fox. LEWIS JOHNSTON. Nassau, September 2, 1786. 15 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 14 S ept. 1786 [BAH0025b.BG14Sept1786].

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10 9 December 1786 Bahama Gazette [BAH002 6 .9Dec1786] Run Away from the Subscriber, on Thursday evening the 6 th instant, a stout well made Negro Fellow na med PANCHO, 16 formerly the property of John Haley, Esq.; deceased. The fellow is well known about town. Ten Dollars Reward will be paid to any person or persons who will secure him in Nassau Jail, or deliver him to the subscriber. J. LOWTHER. N.B. Masters o f vessels and others, are warned against ca rrying him of [sic] the Island. [n.d.] 16 December 1786 Bahama Gazette [BAH002 7 .BG16Dec1786] One Guinea Reward. Run away from the Subscriber, a likely Negro Fellow named SAM, about 19 years of age, 5 feet 4 inc hes high, yellowish complexion, thin face, and speaks very good English, and had on when he went away a straw hat with a black ribbon round it. Whoever will apprehend the said fellow, and deliver him to Mr. Taylor or the Keeper of the Jail in Nassau, shall receive the above Reward. WILLIAM WELLS. December 15, [1786]. 3 January 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH002 8 .BG3Jan1789] 17 Run Away from the Subscriber, a Negro Woman named CLOE, formerly belonged to Governour Shirley, and well known about Town. Whoever will se cure her in the Public Jail, shall receive Ten Dollars Reward. PHILIP MOORE. Nassau, December 6, 1788. 3 January 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH00 29 .BG3Jan1789] 18 16 See also later occurrence, Bahama Gazette 26 Jan. 1790 [BAH0026b.BG26Jan1790]: Ten Dollars Reward. Absconded himself about ten Days ago, a Negro Man named PANCHO. Whoever will deliver him to the Subscriber, or lodge him in the Public Jail, shall receive the above Reward. Masters of Vessels and others are cautioned against carrying the said Negro off this Island. JAMES LOWTHER. January 15, 1790. 17 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 10 Jan. 1789 [BAH0028b.10Jan1789]. 18 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 10 Jan. 1789 [BAH0029b.10Jan1789].

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11 Twenty Dollars Reward will be paid to any Person who will lodge in Jail, or deliver to the Subscri ber, a Negro Man, known by the name of HARRY GARNER, who has absented himself since March last. W. H. HAMILTON. Nassau, July 12, 1788. 10 January 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH003 0 .BG10Jan1789] Run Away from the Subscriber, an Old Negro Fellow named CAESAR, w ell known about Town, and formerly belonged to Mr. Mullins, Mr. Rumer, and Mr. Du Bois. Whoever will lodge him with the Keeper of the Jail, shall receive Two Pounds Reward, from W. O. HALL. Nassau, January 10, 1789. 17 January 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH003 1 .BG17Jan1789] Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Lad well known about Town, named JOE. Dollars Reward will be paid to whoever will lodge him in Jail. ROBERT SCOTT. Nassau, January 17, 1789. 7 February 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH003 2 .BG7Feb1789] Run Away about three Weeks ago, a Negro Wench named NANCY, the Property of Dr. ALLAN, about five Feet four Inches high, speaks good English, has worked about Town these two Years past, under the Name of free Nancy, has been lately adjudged a Slave by the Court appointed to ascertain the Freedom of Negroes, 19 id to whoever delivers her to the Subscribers, or lodges her in Jail. DENNISTON and TAYLOR. Nassau, February 7, 1789. 19 Upon his appointment as governor of the Bahama Islands in 1787, Lord Dunmore (whose 1775 proclamation as governor of Virginia had promised freedom to any American slaves who fo ught for the British) established a tribunal to adjudicate any claims to freedom by Bahamas slaves based on Revolutionary War experience, though nearly all claims were denied. See Michael Craton and Gail Saunders, Islanders in the Stream: A History of the Bahamian People Vol. One, From Aboriginal Times to the End of Slavery (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1992), p.187. John Murray, 4 th Earl of Dunmore (1732 1809) was governor of the Bahamas from 1787 1796: Michael Craton, A History of the Bahamas (Lo ndon: Collins, 1968), pp.173 186, esp. 173 179.

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12 21 February 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH003 3 .BG21Feb1789] Whereas GEORGE, alias GEORGE BROWN, a Negro Man, gave in, some Time ago, Pretens ions to Freedom; he is hereby required to attend at the Court house with his Proofs, on JOSEPH, alias JOSEPH PEARIS, having likewise given in Pretension, is required to attend with his Proo fs, at the same Place and Time. WILLIAM GAMBLE, Commissioner. Nassau, February 21, 1789. 7 March 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH003 4 .BG7Mar1789] SAMUEL, a Ne gro Man, having given in Pretentions to Freedom; any Person having title or Claims to the said Negro, will be heard at the Court House, Nassau, on Monday the 9 th instant, WILLIAM GAMBLE, Commissioner. Nassau, March 7, 1789. 21 March 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH003 5 .BG21Mar1789] 20 Four Pounds Reward will be paid by the Subscribers, to any Person or Persons who will apprehend and lodge in the Common Jail of Nassau, a Negro Fellow called PRINCE, belonging to Mr. JOHN IMRIE, forme rly of East Florida; he lately worked with Mr. Mickie, Shipwright, and absconded from him some Time since. WILLIAM MOSS, THOMAS FORBES, Attornies for said Imrie. N.B. If the Fellow comes in, he will be forgiven. Nassau, March 21, 1789. 9 May 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH003 6 .BG9May1789] Run away the 26 th of March, from the Subscriber, a Negro Man named WILL, about 5 Feet 6 or 7 Inches high, pitted a little with the Small Pox. Had on when he went away, a blue Jacket, Oznaburg Frock and Trowsers, a black Hat, and a white Ribbon for a Band. Whoever will apprehend the said Negro, and lodge him in Jail, shall receive Twelve Dollars Reward, from EDWARD LANE. Nassau, May 9, 1789. 20 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 28 Mar. 1789 [BAH0035b.BG28Mar1789].

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13 13 June 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH003 7 .BG13June1789] Ten Dollars Reward. Run Away from the Subscribers Plantation, on Long Island, about the 20 th of July last [1788], two New Negro Men Slaves GEORGE, a stout well made Man, about 19 Years of Age, 5 Feet 9 In ches high, has a pleasant Countenance, and remarkable fine Teeth TONY, about the same Age and Height, rather slender made, but active, has a down cast look, and filed Teeth. Neither of them could speak English, and had on when they went away, Oznaburg Froc ks and Trowers, and round Hats. From their Huts being frequently discovered on the North Side of the Island, since their Elopement, at the Back of Settlements where Negro Fields are, there is every Reason to believe some Encouragement must be shewn them. T he above Reward will be paid for each, to any Person who will apprehend them, or give information of their being harboured, as the Subscribers are determined to prosecute any one so offending to the utmost Extent of the Law. If carried off the Island, a ha ndsome Reward will be paid on Conviction of the Offender. FORBES and STEVENS. Nassau, June 13, 1789. 20 June 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH003 8 .BG20June1789] 21 Negro Girl named TENAH, Carolina born, has a large Scar on her Nose, and another on her lower Lip, about 5 Feet 3 Inches high, had on when she went away, a [sic] Oznaburg Shift and Petticoat. Whoever delivers her to Stephen Haven, Esq., or the Jailor in Nassau, will receive a Reward of eight Dollars. WILLIAM GREEN. Nassau, June 20, 1789. 11 July 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH00 39 .BG11July1789] 22 ation, on the West End of Cat Island, on Wednesday the 17 th of June Three New Negro Men Slaves JAMES and JACK, the Property of the Subscriber, stout and well made, about 25 Years of Age, had on when they went away, Oznaburgs Jackets and Trowsers, with coar se round Hats: also, QUA, the Property of James Hepburn, Esq. It is hoped they will get to Eleuthera or some other Island. Whoever will take 21 See also clear copies, Bahama Gazette 27 June 1789 [BAH0038b.BG27June1789]; Bahama Gazette 4 July 1789 [BAH0038c.BG4July1789]. 22 See also clear copies, Bahama Gazette 18 July 1789 [BAH0039b.BG18July1789]; Bahama Gazette 1 Aug. 1789 [BAH0039c.BG1Aug1789].

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14 them up and deliver them to the Subscriber at Cat Island, or to Mr. John McKenzie in Nassau, will be handsomely rew arded, and all charges paid. JAMES WALLACE. Cat Island, June 25, 1789. 23 18 July 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH004 0 .BG18July1789] Six Dollars Reward. Run away from the Subscriber, early in May last, a Negro Man named PRINCE, Carolina born, about 5 Feet 5 Inche s high, well set, black Complexion, slightly pitted with the Small Pox, has lost some of his fore Teeth, and appears to be about 45 Years old; he has repeatedly been seen about the Negro Houses a back of the Hospital. Whoever will deliver him to me, or sec ure him in the Jail of Nassau, shall receive the above Reward from JOHN COAKLEY. Nassau, July 18, 1789. 25 July 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH004 1 .BG25July1789] Taken Up, A New Negro Man [MAN] 24 Andros Is land; he cannot speak any English. Also, off the Rocks on the Berry Islands, a Canoe. Whoever has any Claim to either the Negro or Canoe, will be pleased to apply, at street, to NICHOLAS JUSTICH. Nassau, July 25, 1789. 8 August 1789 Bahama Gazette 23 Cf. the Peggy Capt. John Smith, which disembarked starting 27 May 1789 some 122 slaves from the Windward Coast; David Elt is et al., eds., Transatlantic Slave Trade [CD ROM] (1999) [hereafter TAST (1999)], year period = 1786 1790 and Where slaves disembarked = Bahamas and (Year of first disembarkation = by William and James Moss, Bahama Gazette 30 May 1789: Just Arrived, in the Bark Peggy, Capt. Smith, from the Windward Coast of Africa, (After a Passage of 34 Days,) [sic] One Hundred and twenty two Choice Negroes, all in good Health; consisting chiefly o f Men, Women, and Men Boys, and Women Girls; and will be Sold by the Subscribers, at their House in Nassau, on Monday the 15 th of June next, on the most reasonable Terms, for Cash, Cotton, or approved Bills of Exchange. WILLIAM and JAMES MOSS. Nassau, May 28, 1789. See also the advertisement by Moss and Moss, Bahama Gazette 2 May 1789, for sale of a shipment of 72 Windward Coast slaves, just arrived via Barbados, from the Brigantine Favourite Capt. Lane, landed on 1 May. 24 For possible provenance, see fn 23 infra

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15 [BAH004 2 .BG8Aug1789] Ten Dollars Reward. Island, the 2d instant, a Mulatto Man named TOM, who has by Indenture, a short Time to serve; he is a young stout Fellow, about five Feet nine Inches high; carried off a new Boat, Callipash built, Dimensions about four Feet by Gun, some Negro Provisions and Clothes, a 5 Gallon Keg, and two Pots. Whoever secures the said Mulatto Tom and Boat, so that his Master may have them again, shall receive the above Reward, or six Dollars for the Fellow without the Boat. HENRY GLENTON. Long Island, August 6, 1789. 5 September 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH004 3 BG5Sept1789] 25 Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man named JOE; he is of a yellow Complexion, very stout made, about five Feet nine Inches high, speaks plain and is very sensible; is nineteen Years of Age, smooth faced, and has remarkable small Eyes. He was brought from North Carolina in April last, by Capt. Young, and purchased by the Subscriber the 1 st of May last, in Nassau. Ten Dollars will be paid on delivering him to the Keeper of the Jail in Nassau, or to the Subscriber All Persons are strictly charged against harbouring or employing the said Runaway. CHRISTOPHER NEELEY. Nassau, September 5, 1789. 17 October 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH004 4 .BG17Oct1789] Run away upwards of twelve Months, a Yellow Man named JACK, about 50 Years of Age, about 5 Fee belonged to Fowler Brisbane, Esq. Whoever will apprehend the said Negro, and deliver him to the Jailor in Nassau, shall receive a Reward of Ten Dollars, on applying to the Su bscriber, or Thomas Forbes, Esq.; and all Persons are forwarned from harbouring said Negro. WILLIAM TELFAIR. Nassau, October 14, 1789. 24 October 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH004 5 .BG24Oct1789] 26 25 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 3 Oct. 1789 [BAH0043b.BG3Oct1789]. 26 See also clear copies, Bahama Gazette 7 Nov. 1789 [BAH0045b.BG7Nov1789]; Bahama Gazette 28 Nov. 1789 [BAH0045c.BG28Nov1789].

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16 Forty Dollars Reward. upon Derby Island, the 12 th instant, the following Negroes: WILL, a Carpenter, well known about Town, about five Feet six Inches high, has a very remarkable Defect in one of his Eyes, and most of his fore Teeth decayed or gone. MARY, alias LYDIA, his Wife, late the Property of Lieut. Col. Brown, about five Feet four Inches high, has a large Cut upon her left Cheek near the Mouth, speaks tolerable good English, and passed for a Free Woman in this Town. CESAR, a tall thin Fellow, about twenty Years of Age, formerly the Property of Mr. Begbie, Ship Carpenter and AGRIPPA, an elderly Fellow, five Feet eight or nine Inches high, belonging to JAMES BAIRD, Esq. They went off in a small clump Schooner, owned by a Mr. Carey, and carried wi th them a small Skiff with a white Bottom, the Gunwale and Inside painted Red. As they had no Provisions with them, nor Water, it is imagined they must be lurking somewhere about the Keys between Providence and Exuma. The above Reward will be paid for the apprehending of the four, and proportionably for any one of the Public Prison in Nassau. Ten Dollars will be paid for the Schooner and Boat. Nassau, October 18, 1789. 21 November 1789 Bahama Gazette [BAH004 6 .BG21Nov1789] 27 Ten Pounds Reward. Absented herself about three Weeks ago, a Negro Woman named DUMBA, but very probably will call herself BELLA; of the Angola Country, aged about 35 Years; five Feet two or three Inches high, slim made; has her Country Marks on her Temples; is sensible and very artful, and may attempt to pass for a Free Woman. Having many Acquaintances in Georgia, and New Providence, it is supposed she will endeavour to get to the one or the other of those Places. I hereby promise a Reward for Information by whom she is harboured, if by a White Person Ten Pounds Sterling, if by a Black Five Pounds, on Conviction of the Offender. Should the above named Wench be in the Bahama I slands, Two Guineas will be paid to whoever will deliver her to Nathaniel Hall, Esq.; at Exuma, or to the Jailor at Nassau. ALEXANDER INGLIS. Queen Street (Charleston), Sept. 26, 1789. 22 January 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH004 7 .BG22Jan1790] 28 27 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 28 Nov. 1789 [BAH0046b.BG28Nov1789]. 28 See also clear copies, Bahama Gazette 29 Jan. 1790 [BAH0047b.BG29Jan1790]; Bahama Gazette 2 Feb. 1790 [BAH0047c.BG2Feb1790].

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17 Ten Pounds Rew ard. Morning last, the following Negroes, viz. SAMPSON, DUNCE, and LONDON, also a Mulatto Fellow named TOM Sampson is Carolina born, about five Feet six Inches high, sto ut built, middle aged, had on a brown Cloth short Coat with White Buttons, and a Dutch Cap Dunce is Guinea born, formerly the Property of the late Alexander Robertson of Cat Island, about the same Height, and about 20 Years old London, an old Fellow, late the Property of Lieut. Col. Brown Tom, of a yellow Complexion, about five Feet eight Inches high, about 25 Years old, and has an Impediment in his Speech They went off in an old Boat about 12 Feet Keel, all W. They had no Oars, but an old Sail cut like a shall be punctually paid the above Reward besides all reasonable Charges, or in Proportion for any of them. HENRY G LENTON. Long Island, December 8, 1789. 26 January 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH004 8 .BG26Jan1790] A New Negro Boy [BOY] who either cannot or will not speak English, 29 came to Charlotte Ville Plantation, about two Months since. The Proprietor may apply to Char lotte Ville, to HENRY WILES. January 16, 1790. 29 January 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH00 49 .BG29Jan1790] Run away about a Month since, a Negro Man named JESSE, who formerly belonged to Colonel Brown, used to drive his Wood Cart, and is well known; also, a Ne gro Man named PHILIP, 30 generally wears an old Green Coat, is middle sized, between 35 and 40 Years old, and has been frequently of late seen about the Town: likewise, a Negro Fellow named POLYDORE, who was left on Rose Island about three Weeks since, and i s supposed to be employed by some Person there. Eight Dollars for each will be paid to whoever will deliver any of them to the Keeper of the Jail, or to the Subscriber, who will prosecute to the Extent the Law will allow, any Person who may be found harbou ring or employing any of the said Negroes. 29 Cf. advertisement, Bahama Gazette 21 November 1789: For Sale, a Parcel of Remarkable Lik ely New Negroes, consisting of Young Men and Young Women: Just imported in the Sloop Diamond. For Terms, apply to ANTHONY ROXBURGH. Nassau, Nov. 14, 1789. 30 See also variation, Bahama Gazette 23 Feb. 1790 [BAH00 49 b.BG23Feb1790] : Run Away from the Subscr iber, a Negro Man named PHILIP, formerly the Property of Mr. Robert Wilson. Whoever will apprehend and bring him to the Subscriber, shall receive Eight Dollars Reward. PETER WEMYSS. February 17, 1790.

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18 ROBERT WILSON. January 29, 1790. 12 February 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH005 0 .BG12Feb1790] Run away from the Subscriber, on Saturday the 6 th of February, a Negro Wench named SARAH SWANSON, is well known about Town, and is lurking some where to the Westward. Whoever will apprehend the said Negro Woman, and deliver her to the Subscriber, or to the Keeper of the Jail, shall receive Eight Dollars Reward. MARGARET CAREY. February 12, 1790. 23 February 1790 Bahama Gaze tte [BAH005 1 .BG23Feb1790] Twenty or Fifty Dollars Reward. Whereas a New Negro Man named CATO, has absented himself from this Place, ever since April last [1789], 31 I hereby offer a Reward of Twenty Dollars to any one who will deliver him to Mr. Vincent Roch e, my Overseer upon this Plantation. And as there is some Reason to supposed he is harboured, from his having been seen near the Crossing, I will pay Fifty Dollars to whoever can give me such Information as may enable me to prosecute the Offender. The said Negro is rather undersized, has many of his Country Marks on his Face and Breast, and is remarkable in having small Feet. ALEXANDER MAIR. Bambury Lodge, Long Island, February 20, 1790. 23 March 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH005 2 .BG23Mar1790] 32 Five Guineas Re ward. Run Away on the 11 th and 12 th following Negro Men Slaves, viz. KILLIMURE, TOM, BRAM, and JOE, and a Wench named SARAH: they are so well known in this Island as to make particular Descrip tion of them unnecessary. Whoever will apprehend and deliver the said Negroes to the Subscriber, or lodge them in the Public Jail, shall receive the above Reward, and in Proportion for one or more. 31 The only recorded transatlantic shipment to the Bah amas between 1763 and April 1789, was the Shirburn Castle Capt. Gerrard Preston, via Angola, disembarking 211 slaves from 30 Aug. 1788; see ID#83549, TAST (1999). 32 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 6 April 1790 [BAH0052b.BG6Apr1790].

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19 Killimure is a Cooper by Trade, as also a sailor Tom is li kewise a Sailor the others are Field Negroes. All Masters of Vessels and others, are hereby forewarned from harbouring, concealing or carrying off from this, or any other Island within this Government, the above Negroes, as they would avoid the utmost Rigo ur of the Law: and any person giving Information of such harbouring, concealing or carrying off the above Run aways, or any of them, so as that the said Information amount to a Conviction of the Offender, shall receive proportionably a double Reward. WILLI AMS BRADFORD. March 22, 1790. 26 March 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH005 3 .BG26Mar1790] Fifty Pounds Reward. Supposed to be stolen and carried off from Crooked Island (one of the Bahamas) [sic] on board one of three Vessels which anchored at Bird Rock, at the North End of the said Island, on or about the 23d Day of February last, Two Negro Men, belonging to Mr. Alexander Forbes of that Island: The one named COX a stout made Man of the Quacqua Country, five Feet seven Inches high, very black, is remarkable for having a Hole in his left Cheek, from which Matter constantly issues; he speaks English and a little French. The other named NERO of th e Congo has no particular Mark, speaks bad English and French. One of the three Vessels alluded to, is said to be commanded by a Richard Buck, formerly Master of the Sloop Two Brothers of this Port. Any Person to whom the above Negroes are offered for Sale, are requested to have them taken up and secured for the Owner, for which a generous Reward will be given, and all Expences paid. And the above Reward of Fifty Pounds will be paid to any Perso n or Persons who will give Information of the Persons who carried off, or who were aiding and assisting in carrying off the above Negroes, on Conviction of the Offenders by applying to Mr. Alexander Forbes on Crooked Island, or in Nassau, to ROXBURGH and T HOMSON. 33 March 26, 1790. 25 May 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH005 4 .BG25May1790] Run Away, about ten days since, from the Plantation of Williamsburg, on the South Side of the Island of New Providence, a Negro Man named SAMPSON, formerly the Property of Mr. Hol dsworth; a short sickly looking man, about 40 years old. Whoever will apprehend the said Negro, and deliver him to the subscriber shall receive Four Dollars Reward. 33 Cf. adverti sement, Bahama Gazette Remarkably Likely New Negroes, Consisting of Young Men and Young Women: Just imported in the Sloop included in TAST (1999).

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20 WILLIAM GAMBLE. May 20, 1790. 18 June 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH005 5 .BG18June1790] Taken f rom off Sandy Key, near the East End of Little Exuma, by the Subscriber, on the 28 th of May last, a Negro Man, who says his Name is JACK, and that he belongs to Mr. VERE, He is lodged in the Jail, and will be d elivered to the Person proving his Property, and paying Charges. The Negro Man above mentioned has lost two of his Fingers on his Right Hand. Apply to ALEXANDER LE CROIX, or in his absence to Messrs. Panton, Leslie, and Co. June 18, 1790. 30 July 1790 B ahama Gazette [BAH005 6 .BG30July1790] Run Away from this Plantation, and supposed to be lurking on this or the Island of Great Exuma, a Negroe Man named TOM, six feet high, slim made, smooth faced and speaks good English. Any person who will deliver said Ne groe to John W. Williams, at the Ferry, or to me in Nassau, shall receive Twenty Dollars Reward; and if any person secrets or harbours said Negroe, he or she will be prosecuted with rigour; and an equal reward given for information of the same, on convicti on of the Offender. THOMAS FORBES. Little Exuma, July 8, 1790. 5 October 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH005 7 .BG5Oct1790] Escaped from Nassau Jail, a Negro Man Named ROBIN, Who is under sentence of Transportation. Whoever will deliver him to the Jailor, shall r eceive of the subscriber, the Sum of Ten Dollars. W. BAYLIS, Pro. Mar. October 4, 1790. 19 October 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH005 8 .BG19Oct1790] [MAN] who cannot speak a Word of English. 34 His Master may have him, upon applying to 34 Cf. Bahama Gazette Sale, by Abraham Eve, For Cash, Bills of Exchange, Or Cotton. Mess Pork in Barrels[,] Cargo ditto in ditto[,] ditto

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21 WILLIAM ALEXANDER. October 19, 1790. 23 November 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH00 59 .BG23Nov1790] Run away from the Brig Favourite, a New Negro Fellow, the Property of the Subscriber, his Name is TOM, spe aks tolerable good English, has a Scar under his Chin, and had on when he went off, a Blue Jacket, Check Shirt and Duck Trowsers Whoever will deliver him to the Subscriber, shall receive six Dollars Reward, and all reasonable Charges paid. JOHN McIVER. N ovember 23, 1790. 26 November 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH006 0 .BG26Nov1790] Five Dollars Reward. Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man named JACK, a stout healthy Fellow, about 30 Years of Age, five Feet, eight or nine Inches high, squints with one Eye, and has a remarkable Reward will be paid to whoever delivers him to the Jailor, or THOMAS JOHNSON. N.B. All Persons are forewarned from harbouring, employing, or carrying away the said Negroe, as they will be prosecuted as the Law directs. November 26, 1790. 10 December 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH006 1 .BG10Dec1790] the Middle of July last, Two Young Negro Fellows: TOMOLLY, a stout young black Fellow, 20 Years of Age, about 5 Feet 7 or 8 Inches high, stutters; SIC, a well made Fellow, 5 Feet 6 or 7 Inches high, speaks good English, round faced, much pitted with the Small Pox, of the Congo Country. Five Doll ars for each, and all reasonable Charges, paid on Delivery to ANDREW DEVEAUX. N.B. Any Person harbouring or carrying them out of the Island, will be prosecuted. Twenty Dollars for Information to Conviction, against such Offenders in this Case. December 10, 1790. Beef in ditto[,] A few Pipes of London Particular Madeira Wine[,] High Proof Windward Island Rum[,] Superfine included in TAST (1999).

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22 14 December 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH006 2 .BG14Dec1790] Run away from the Subscriber, the 4 th Day of this Month, a Negro Wench named JENNY well known about the Town of Nassau. Whoever will deliver the said Negro to John Fergusson, or lodge her in the Jail of Nassau, shall receive Four Dollars Reward, from JOHN MORRIS. N.B. Any Person found harbouring or carrying her off the Island, will be prosecuted. Ten Dollars for Information to Conviction against such Offender in this Case. December 14, 1790. 31 December 1790 Bahama Gazette [BAH006 3 .BG31Dec1790] Absented himself from the Subscriber, and supposed to be harboured in Town, a Mustee or Indian Slave named WALLACE, the Property of FARQUHAR BETHUNE, Esquire, and well known in this and the Neighbouri ng Islands. Whoever delivers him to me or to the Public Jailor, shall be entitled to Four Dollars Reward, from THOMAS FORBES. December 31, 1790. 4 February 1791 Bahama Gazette [BAH006 4 .BG4Feb1791] four miles Eastward of Nassau, a Negro Man named EMANUEL, is about five feet ten inches high, remarkably black, this country born, about twenty five years old, lately returned here in the Sloop Bachelor, Capt. Leary, from Jamaica, and has been bred to the sea. He had on when he went away an oznaburgs frock and trowsers, a blue waistcoat, a fearnought jacket, and a round black hat. All Masters of Vessels and others are cautioned against harbouring, entertaining, employing, or carrying off the said Run away Negro Slave, as any one so offending will be prosecuted with every rigour the law will permit. Eight Dollars reward will be paid to whoever will deliver the said Negro Man to the Jailor in Nassau, to Mr. Jeremiah Tinker, or SAMUEL KEMP. February 3, 1791. 29 April 1791 Bahama Gazette [BAH006 5 .BG29Apr1791] 35 35 See also cle ar copy, Bahama Gazette 6 May 1791 [BAH0065b.BG6May1791].

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23 Negro Wench named COOBAH; she was brought here from America soon after the Peace, was purchased by the Subscrib er about two Years since, and is well known at the South End of Long Island, and in this Place. She is very dark, and is about 35 Years old. Whoever will deliver the said Negro Woman to the Keeper of the Jail, or to the Subscriber, shall receive Eight Doll ars Reward. And any Person harbouring, entertaining, employing, or carrying her off this Island, will be prosecuted. WILLIAM YOUNG. April 16, 1791. 10 May 1791 Bahama Gazette [BAH006 6 .BG10May1791] Exuma, ANDR EW, a stout well made Fellow, has rather a dull look, and is known in Nassau, having for a considerable Time worked at Fort Charlotte as a Free Man. John, a Fellow extremely artful and well known in Providence, by the appellation of FREE JOHN, and SUE his Wife, a very dark Mulatto; they took with them a small Carib Canoe, a Steel Corn Mill, nearly a Bolt of Oznaburgs, and several other Things. Whoever will deliver the above Negroes to me at Exuma, or lodge them in Nassau Jail, so that I may get them, shall be entitled to Fifteen Dollars Reward, or in Proportion for either; and if the Boat and Articles mentioned are also saved, Twenty Dollars. Z. ALLEN. Exuma, May 1, 1791. 17 May 1791 Bahama Gazette [BAH006 7 .BG17May1791] Run Away yesterday from the Subscrib er, a Negro Man named PRIMUS, stout and well made, a Creole born, and was brought hither by Capt. Eve, from whom the Subscriber purchased him. on board of which he w as to have been sent to the Grand Caicos. He had on an Oznabrigs Trowsers and Shirt. Five Dollars Reward will be paid to whoever delivers the said Runaway to the Keeper of the Jail, or to RICHARD PEARIS. May 17, 1791. 21 June 1791 Bahama Gazette [BAH006 8 .BG21June1791] Absconded from the Subscriber, a stout Negro Man named YORK, the Property of Mr. COLBY, of Andros Island; he is about 5 Feet 6 Inches in height, and thirty Years of Age The Rim of one of his Ears is cut off He had on when he went off, Monday the 13 th of June, an Oznaburgh

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24 Frock and Trowsers Any Person delivering the said Runaway to the Jailor, or to the Subscriber, shall receive Four Dollars Reward, with all reasonable Charges. THOMAS FORBES. June 21, 1791. 11 July 1791 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 0 69 .BG11July1791] 36 Run away last Wednesday, the 6 th of July, from the Sloop Heart of Cedar, a Negro Man named CANAR, a Bermuda born, by Trade a Mason, about five Feet six Inches in Height, squat and stout, every [sic] dark, and had on when he absconded, an Oznaburg Trowsers and Frock, and a Straw Hat. Ten Dollars Reward, with reasonable Charges, will be paid to whoever will deliver the said Runaway to the Subscriber, or to the Keeper of the Jail. And every Person who may harbour, entertain, employ, or carry off the said Fellow, will be prosecuted with every Rigour the Law will allow. RICHARD HAYWARD. July 11, 1791. 23 September 1791 Bahama Gazette [BAH007 0 .BG23Sept1791] Run away from Mrs. SARAH POWELL, living in East Man who appears 24 Years of Age, and is named ISAAC, his Country Name is MOMPIER was purchased ten Days since form [sic] Capt. Eve, 37 and cannot speak any English ; his t w o upper fore Teeth are filed. A Reward of Four Dollars, with reasonable Charges, will be paid to whoever will deliver the said Negro Man to the Keeper of the Jail, or to THOMAS FORBES. September 23, 1791. 2 December 1791 Bahama Gazette [BAH007 1 .BG2Dec1791] Run away from the Subscriber, a Mulatto Wench, named NANCY, well known about Town. A Reward of Twenty Dollars will be paid to whoever will deliver her to the Keeper of the Jail. 36 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 19 July 1791 [BAH0069b.BG19July1791]. 37 Shipment is not recorded in TAST (1999). However, see Bahama Gazette the Sloop Polly an Between October 1790 and September 1791, Capt. Abraham Eve transported to the Bahamas from St. Christophers n four regional voyages of the Sloop Favourite, with 140 Bahama Gazette 8 Oct. 1790, 27 May 1791, 22 July 1791, 13 Sept. 1791.

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25 JOHN ANDERSON. Nassau, December 2, 1791. 2 December 1791 Bahama Gazette [BAH007 2 .BG2Dec1791] 38 Taken up at West calls himself LEWIS, speaks very bad English, and says he belongs to RICHARD STUBBS: he is now in Nassau Jail, where he will remain until the Owner, or some Person authorized by him, applies for him to W. E. MORISON. Nassau, December 1, 1791. 13 January 1792 Bahama Gazette [BAH007 3 .BG13Jan1792] Absented himself, a stout active Negro, about 30 years of age, with a stiffness in his right elbow joint, American born; had on when he went off, a blue coat with large metal buttons, an old felt hat broken in the crown, and osnaburg trowsers. This is to caution Masters of Ships and others from receiving or employing him, as the Rigour of the Law will be enforced. Five Dollars Reward will be given on his being delivered to the Keeper of the Jail. He has with him two white shirts, two cotton stiped waistcoats, three pair of fustian and nankeen breeches, a white coat, and a blue jacket with white common buttons. His name is SAM, his hair tied in three or four places. January 10, 1791 [sic] [1792]. 27 January 1792 Ba hama Gazette [BAH007 4 .BG27Jan1792] Ten Dollars Reward. Absconded from Sloop Governour Hariston, Benjamin Stiles, Master, on or about the 10 th of January instant, a Negro Man, Bermudian born, named SAM, a Carpenter by Trade, aged about 40 Years, of a yellow ish Complexion, and is a very great Drunkard. Whoever will apprehend the said Negro Sam, or give information where he might be apprehended, shall receive the above Reward. Any Person giving Information of his being harboured, or taken off this Island, shal l also receive the same Gratuity, on Conviction of the Offender. R. ROGERS. January 27, 1792. 6 March 1792 Bahama Gazette 38 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazet te 6 December 1791 [BAH0072b.BG6Dec1791].

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26 [BAH007 5 .BG6Mar1792] Absconded from the Subscriber, a Negro Man named JOHN, late the Property of Mr. James Fulford; he is well known about this Town, and has a Field and Hut near Bueno Return. If he returns of his own Accord in the Course of ten Days from this Date, he will be forgiven. Five Dollars will be paid to whoever will apprehend the said Negro Man, and deliver him to the Keepe r of the Jail. WILLIAM WYLLY. March 2, 1792. 13 April 1792 Bahama Gazette [BAH007 6 .BG13Apr1792] 39 Run away from the Subscriber, on Friday night, a New Negro Man named JACOB, cannot talk English 40 has no Use of the two middle Fingers of his left Hand, is a bout 23 Years of Age, near six Feet high, stout made, had on when he absconded, an Oznaburgs Frock and Trowsers, and carried with him a blue Jacket and Trowsers and a Ruffia Sheeting Frock and Trowsers. Five Dollars Reward will be paid to whoever delivers the said Fellow to the Keeper of the Jail, or to ALEXANDER WILDGOOSE. Nassau, April 10, 1792. 1 June 1792 Bahama Gazette [BAH007 7 .BG1June1792] 41 Fifty Dollars Reward, To whoever will inform who harbou SANDY, on Conviction of the Offender if White; they are both of the Angola Country, 42 the former a tall young Fellow with a pleasant Countenance, has a Kind of Star on one of his Breasts, besides other o f his Country Marks on the same Side, a few small Marks on his Temples near his Eyes, and his teeth are filed. Sandy is a strong built young Fellow, not so tall as the former, with many of his Country Marks about him, and has also a facetious Countenance. It may be supposed by those who harbour them, that they being New Negroes, may be easily forgot; to the contra ry, they lived in the House for some Months, and are known to many in the 39 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 20 April 1792 [BAH0076b.BG20Apr1792]. 40 The most recent recorded shipment (and the only one documented since 1789), was the Cleveland Capt. Thomas Payne, from Liverpool vi a the Windward Coast, disembarking 64 slaves from 26 Sept. 1791; see ID#80857, TAST (1999). See also Bahama Gazette 27 Sept. 1791 : 41 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 5 June 1792 [BAH0077b.BG5June1792]. 42 The only documented eighteenth century shipment from Angola to the Bahamas was the Shirburn Castle Capt. Gerrard Preston, from Liverpo ol via Ambriz and Malembo (Angola), disembarking 211 slaves from 30 Aug. 1788; see ID#83549, TAST (1999).

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27 Neighbourhood, so that the Employers of these Negroes, if any, can expect nothing but Infamy, and as severe a Prosecution as the Law will admit of. It being a Business in which every Planter may be concerned, the Subscriber is in Hopes he will be assisted in his Efforts to bring the Person who feloniously detains them to condign Punishment. N.B. The above Negroes absconded the 28 th of February, were advertised at the usual Places in t his Island, the 10 th of March. In that whoever informs of the Person or Persons carrying them off the Island, or employing them, is entitled to 30 from the Country. JOHN MORRIS. Mount Morris, Long Island, May 25, 1792. 15 June 1792 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 07 8 .BG15June1792] Negro Woman named GRACE, and is supposed to be harboured at some of the neighbouring Plantations. Four Dollars Reward will be paid to whoever deli vers her to the Keeper of the Jail in Nassau, or to the Subscriber at the said Plantation. Any Person harbouring or employing the said Runaway, will be prosecuted with the utmost Rigour of the Law. CHRISTIAN MACMYERS. Andros Island, June 8, 1792. 2 Octob er 1792 Bahama Gazette [BAH00 79 .BG2Oct1792] Run away from the Subscriber, on Sunday the 30 th ult. a Negro Man, the Property of Mr. yesterday Morning; he had on when he went away, an old brown Jacket, a black Hat, and a Pair of white Trowsers, he has got a Cut over his left Eye, and is about five Feet seven Inches high; he formerly lived at the Coffee House with Mrs. Hannay. Whoever will bring him to the Subscriber, or deliver him to the Keeper of the Jail, shall receive a Reward of Ten Dollars. CHARLES BROWN. Nassau, October 2, 1792. 30 October 1792 Bahama Gazette [BAH008 0 .BG30Oct1792] PAYNE, speaks little English. 43 Ten Dollars, and all reasonable Charges, will be paid on 43 Cf. the Cleveland Capt. Thomas Payne, from Liverpool via the Windward Coast, disembarking 64 slaves from 26 Sept. 1791; see ID#80857, TAST (1999) See also Bahama Gazette 27 Sept. 1791 : William and James Moss apparently specialized in importing enslaved Africans

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28 Delivery of the said Negro to W. and J. Moss, or the Keeper of the Jail in Nassau, or at Crooked Island, to JOHN MOWBRAY. Nassau, October 26, 1792. 15 January 1793 Bahama Ga zette [BAH008 1 .BG15Jan1793] Run away a Negro Wench named NEPPY, well known in Nassau, whoever delivers her to Mr. David Swanson, or the Keeper of the Common Jail, shall receive Three Dollars Reward by applying to the Printer. Nassau, January 15, 1793. 1 February 1793 Bahama Gazette [BAH008 2 .BG1Feb1793] Run away from the Subscriber, a Family of Negroes, consisting of the Mother and three Daughters, named CHARLOTTE, 44 HETTY, QUEEN, and ROOTY, late the Property of Mr. James Rose, 45 deceased, and purchased at t he Sale of his Property. A reasonable Reward will be given for apprehending for the whole or any of these Runaways; and all Persons, whether White or Black, are hereby cautioned against harbouring or concealing them, as any one so offending, will be assure dly prosecuted with every Rigour the Law can permit. THOMAS FORBES. Nassau, February 1, 1793. 5 February 1793 Bahama Gazette from the Windward Coast. From 1789 1800 William and James Moss had a hand in the sale of at least 1,411 enslaved Windward Coast Africans landed in the Bahamas (total of 8 voyages): see Bahama Gazette 2 May 1789 30 May 1789 27 Sept. 1791 31 Aug. 1792 10 June 1794 23 Feb. 1796 30 Apr. 1799 4 Apr. 1800 44 See also for Charlotte, Bahama Gazette 29 March 1793 [ BAH0082b.BG29Mar1793 ] and for a clear copy also 3 April 1793 [BAH0082c.BG3Apr1793]: Absconded about three Weeks si nce, from the House of NICHOLAS GARNER, Esq., a Negro Woman named CHARLOTTE, formerly the Property of Mr. James Rose, deceased, is well known about Town, and is supposed to be harboured by some of her numerous Acquaintance [sic] on this Island. Eight Dollar Reward will be paid to whoever will deliver her to the Keeper of the Jail; and a further Reward of Twenty Dollars is hereby offered for information of any Person harbouring or employing the said Woman, to be paid on Conviction of the Offender THOMAS FORBES. Nassau, March 26, 1793. 45 William, Capt. Richard Gardner, via Grenada; see slave sale advertisements in Bahama Gazette 22 Aug. 1789, 5 Sept. 17 89, 12 Sept. 1789.

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29 [ BAH008 3 .BG5Feb1793 ] Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man, about 5 Feet 7 Inches high, named JACK CLARK, well known about th is Town, where he has occasionally worked out as a Jobbing Carpenter, Wall Builder, or Labourer. Six Dollars Reward will be paid to whoever delivers him to the Subscriber, or in her Absence, to Mr. William Anderson, in the Western Suburbs. Any Person harbo uring, employing, or taking off the said Negro Man, will be prosecuted. ELIZABETH QUAIL. Nassau, February 5, 1783 [sic] [1793]. 10 May 1793 Bahama Gazette [BAH008 4 .BG10May1793] Run away from Rolling [ illeg. ] Plantation, in the Northern District of Long I sland, two Negro Men, the one named [ illeg. ] [MAN] and the other [ illeg. ] [MAN] both Africans, cannot speak English, are strong able young Fellows, [ illeg. ] They went off about six Weeks since. Whoever apprehends them and delivers them at the said Plantation, to Mr. Edward Dawes, shall receive a Reward of [ illeg. ] Dollars for each, with all reasonable Charges. HENRY MARR. Nassau, May 7, 1793. 17 September 1 793 Bahama Gazette [BAH008 5 .BG17Sept1793] 46 his Name is BOSTON, is supposed to be harboured or carried away in some American Vessels. Whoever will apprehend the said Negroe, or deliver him to the Keeper of the Jail, shall be handsomely rewarded. ELISHA SWAIN. Nassau, Sept. 17, 1793. 1 October 1793 Bahama Gazette [BAH008 6 .BG1Oct1793] Run away the 27 th of September, 1793, a short Mustee Man, named THOMAS, about 50 Yea rs old, small featured, has a Quantity of good Cloathes, speaks English, French, Spanish, and Dutch, and is a Jamaica Creole. Whoever delivers him to the Keeper of the Jail, or to the Subscriber, shall receive Ten Dollars Reward. JAMES HEPBURN. Nassau, October 1, 1793. 46 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 4 Oct. 1793 [BAH0085b.BG4Oct1793].

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30 1 November 1793 Bahama Gazette [BAH008 7 .BG1Nov1793] Run away from the Subscriber, last Thursday night, a Negr o Wench named PATIENCE. Whoever will deliver her to the Keeper of the Jail, or to me, shall be handsomely rewarded. JOHN MASSEY. Nassau, October 31, 1793. 28 January 1794 Bahama Gazette [BAH008 8 .BG28Jan1794] 47 Run way from the Subscriber, the 19 th of Janu ary instant, a Negro Man named BELFAST, about 5 Feet 8 Inches high, 20 or 21 Years old, has a large Cut across his Nose, is a good Sailor, and much addicted to drinking of Rum. As I have Reason to suspect that the said Fellow is carried off in some vessel for America, or is employed on board of some of the Droghers among these Islands, I do hereby offer a Reward of Fifty Dollars to whoever will give Information of his being harboured or employed by any White Person, to be paid on Conviction of the Person so offending; and Twenty Dollars Reward, to be paid on Conviction, if employed or harboured by any Free Person of Colour. JOHN FERGUSSON. Nassau, January 28, 1794. 18 February 1794 Bahama Gazette [BAH00 89 .BG18Feb1794] Run Away from the Plantation of the la te Mr. ISAAC BAILLOU, on Wood Key, near Andros Island, three Negro Men, named as follows: JANVIET, a French Negro, about 6 Feet high, a Baker; CONGO, a French Negro, short and well set, a Caulker; DRAM, a thin young Negro, about 5 Feet 6 or 7 Inches high, purchased from Capt. Abraham Eve about about 4 Years ago. They were in a Boat about 14 Feet Keel, built by Jack Howel, the Oars are branded I. B. It is supposed they are gone to Cuba. A Reward of Ten Pounds for each, and reasonable Charges, will be paid on delivering them to the Keeper of the Gaol in the Town of Nassau, or to Dr. MICHAEL GRANT Nassau, February 18, 1794. 7 March 1794 Bahama Gazette 47 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 4 Feb. 1794 [BAH0088b.BG4Feb1794].

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31 [BAH009 0 .BG7Mar1794] th i nstant, two Negro Men, viz. MANUEL, a tall slim Man, about 5 Feet 10 or 11 Inches high, African born, with many of his Country Marks on his Face, speaks French fluently, and but very little English. DUBLIN, a small New Negro Man advanced in Years, of the s ame African Country as Manuel, and also speaks but very little English. They carried with them an open Sail Boat, drawing about 2 Feet Water, Bermuda built, Plank and Timbers all Cedar, sailed only with a Shoulder of Mutton Sail. A Reward of Fifty Dollars is offered for each of the Negroes, and the like Sum for the Boat, deliverable to the Subscriber, or Mr. Jeremiah Tyues, at Turks Island, or Mr. Peter Shirreff in Nassau. Any Information respecting the said Runaways, will be thankfully acknowledged by WADE STUBBS. Grand Caicos, February 28, 1794. 20 June 1794 Bahama Gazette [BAH009 1 .BG20June1794] Escaped from on board a Spanish Vessel, a Coloured Man named JOHN PERKINS, who is sentenced to be transported out of the Bahama Islands. Whoever will lodge him i n Jail, shall be liberally rewarded by W. BAYLIS, Pro. Mar. Nassau, June 17, 1794. 1 July 1794 Bahama Gazette [BAH009 2 .BG1July1794] Escaped from on board a Vessel bound to Long Island, a Mulatto Woman named NANCY, short and lusty, with thick black Hair, has been seen about the Eastern Fort. Any Person harbouring or concealing her, will be prosecuted with the utmost Rigour of the Law. All Masters of Vessels are cautioned from taking her off the Island. NATH. HALL. Nassau, July 1, 1794. 4 July 1794 Bahama Gazette [BAH009 3 .BG4July1794] Absented herself from the Subscriber, on Sunday the 22 nd instant, a Negro Girl named SARAH; she is the Daughter of Patience Stevens, (formerly Patience Pyfrom) [sic] and is about 4 Feet high, very black. Whoever will bring h er to the Subscriber, or deliver her to the Keeper of the Jail, shall be rewarded by applying to JOSEPH HALL. N.B. All Persons are forewarned from harbouring or carrying her off the Island.

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32 Nassau, June 27, 1794. 48 15 July 1794 Bahama Gazette [BAH009 4 .BG1 5July1794] Absented himself from the Subscriber, a New Negro Man [MAN] purchased at the Sale of the th of last month. 49 He is a likely young Fellow, nearly six Feet high, and had on when he went away, an oznaburg shirt and tr owsers, and a blue striped or checked cloth about his neck. It is suspected he has lost himself in the Woods. A handsome Reward will be paid to whoever will deliver the said Negro Man to JAMES ARMBRISTER. Nassau, July 15, 1794. 25 July 1794 Bahama Gazett e [BAH009 5 .BG25July1794] Four Dollars Reward. Run away the 17 th instant, a Negro Man named ABRAHAM, about 25 Years old, and is supposed to be lurking about the Eastward. The above Reward will be given to any Person who will deliver the said Negro Man to th e Subscriber or lodge him in the Jail in Nassau. And all Masters of Vessels are hereby cautioned against employing or carrying the said Negro off this Island. JOHN FERGUSSON. Nassau, July 25, 1794. 1 August 1794 Bahama Gazette [BAH009 6 .BG1Aug1794] Run aw ay on Wednesday Night the 30 th of July, a Negro Girl named MARGARET, about 13 Years old, olive Complexion, an indented Servant to the Subscriber. Whoever will deliver her to the Subscriber, shall receive Two Dollars Reward. 48 See also variation, Bahama Gazette 2 Sept. 1794 [BAH0093b.BG2Sept1794]: Absented h erself from the Subscriber, on Sunday the 22d of June last, a Negro Girl named SARAH; she is the Daughter of a Negro Woman named Patience, at present belonging to Mr. James Stevens, (formerly Patience Pyfrom, also Daughter of a Negro Man named Booby belong ing the Subscriber [sic], supposed to be secreted by her mother Patience) and is about 4 Feet high, very black. Whoever will give information of the said Negro Girl, so that she may be apprehended, as also the Person harbouring her, shall receive a Reward of fifteen Dollars from the Subscriber. JOSEPH HALL. N.B. All Persons are forewarned from harbouring or carrying her of [sic] this Island. Nassau, September 2, 1794. 49 See the Colonel Capt. Thomas Lee, from Liverpool via Cape Mount [Windward Coast], dis embarking 216 slaves from 6 June 1794; ID#80863, TAST (1999).

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33 WILLIAM MITCHELL, A Free Negro. Negro Town, New Providence, August 1, 1794. 5 September 1794 Bahama Gazette [BAH009 7 .BG5Sept1794] Run away a Mulatto Fellow named POMPEY GRANT, formerly belonging to William Wylly, Esq. about five Feet 4 or 5 Inches high, with thick bushy black Hair, wel l known in Nassau. Any Person harbouring or concealing him, will be prosecuted with the utmost Rigour of the Law; all Masters of Vessels are cautioned against taking him off the Island. A Reward of Four Dollars will be paid to any Person delivering him to the Jailor in Nassau, or to BEGBIE and TURNBULL. Nassau, September 5, 1794. 7 October 1794 Bahama Gazette [BAH009 8 .BG7Oct1794] 50 Run away from Mount Morris Plantation on Long Island ever since March last, a Negro Man named ABRAM, formerly the property of Governour Wright of Georgia; as it is evident he is harboured, Thirty Dollars Reward will be given to whoever gives Information to the Conviction of the Offender of any White person harbouring him, or having done so; and Ten Dollars if harboured by any Per son of Colour. Those that do secret him, may rest assured of the utmost Exertions being used to bring them to proper Punishment. He is about 38 or 40 Years of Age, about 5 Feet 4 Inches high, has a remarkable hollow Back, which causes his Belly to appear p rominent, his Visage long, Nose long and rounding, and very small Feet, which occasions a Kind of Hobble in his Walk. A handsome Reward will be given to whoever secures and delivers him at the above Plantation, by JOHN MORRIS. Long Island, September 19, 17 94. 10 October 1794 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 099 .BG10Oct1794] Run away two Months since from the Subscriber, a Negro Man, named MAURICE COMMANDER, bred a Ship Carpenter, formerly belonged to Mr. John Russel, but is now the e. He is well known in Town, and has been several Times seen on this Island since he absconded. Five Dollars Reward will be paid to whoever will apprehend and secure the said Fellow in Jail; and any Person harbouring, employing, or secreting him, may be as sured of being prosecuted with every Rigour that the Law will allow. 50 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 10 Oct. 1794 [BAH0098b.BG10Oct1794].

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34 PETER BETHUNE. Nassau, October 1, 1794. 4 November 1794 Bahama Gazette [BAH010 0 .BG4Nov1794] Six Dollars Reward. Run away from the Subscriber, on Wednesday night last, a Negro Fellow nam ed CHARLES. He is a stout well made Fellow, about 5 Feet 10 Inches high, and has remarkable thick Lips; carried off with him, a large Quantity of Sugar and Corn, and has frequently been seen at Nights about Town and in the Eastern District. The above Rewar d of Six Dollars will be paid to whoever will apprehend him and deliver him to the Subscriber, or lodge him in Jail. All Master of Vessels and others are cautioned against employing and harbouring the said Negro, or carrying him off this Island. ROBERT LIG HTFOOT. Nassau, November 2, 1794. 51 21 November 1794 Bahama Gazette [BAH010 1 .BG21Nov1794] Run away, a Negro Woman named BETTY, about [torn] Years of age, short and very stout made, had [a] short blue Jacket, and an Oznabrig Petticoat. Person harbouring or concealing her, will be prose[cuted] with the utmost Rigour of the Law. All Masters of [Ves]sels are cautioned against taking her off Island [.] Reward of Three Dollars will be paid to any Person [de]livering her to the Jailor in Nassau, or to ISAAC ANTRO B US Nassau, November 20, 1794. 2 January 1795 Bahama Gazette [BAH010 2 .BG2Jan1795] Run away about two Months since, a Negro Man named COUPER, about 5 Feet 6 Inches high, is thick set, had on when he went away, a Blue Jacket and Oznaburg Trowsers. Any Per son harbouring or concealing the said Runaway, will be prosecuted with the utmost Rigour of the Law; and all Master of Vessels are cautioned against taking him off this Island. A Reward of Six Dollars will be paid to any Person delivering him to the Jailor in Nassau, or to 51 See for later occurrence, Bahama Gazette 7 April 1795 [BAH0100b.BG7Apr1795]: Run away from the Sloop Dragoon, abo ut six Weeks ago, at Heneaga, a Negro Man named CHARLES, about six Feet high, well set, has remarkable long Feet, American born, and speaks good English. A Reward of Ten Dollars, and paying all reasonable Charges, will be given to any Person who will deliv er him to the Keeper of the Jail in Nassau, or to the Owner. ROBERT LIGHTFOOT. Nassau, April 7, 1795.

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35 MARY SIMPSON. Nassau, January 2, 1795. 5 May 1795 Bahama Gazette [BAH010 3 .BG5May1795] 52 Twelve Dollars Reward. Island, two Negro Men [MAN] [MAN] who were purchase d a few Months before from Mr. Abraham Eve 53 ; they both speak English, and answer as Brothers; every search having been made on the neighbouring Plantations, but without the least Discovery, they taking no Provisions with them, and having no Cause to go awa y, it is suspected, they have got off in some Fishing Boat. The above Reward will be paid on their being delivered to Mr. Joseph Hunter in Nassau, or to the Subscriber at his Plantation. JOHN STILES. Andros Island, April 22, 1795. 19 May 1795 Bahama Gaze tte [BAH010 4 .BG19May1795] Ten Dollars Reward. Run away from the Subscriber about a Fortnight ago, a Negro Man named CHARLES, 54 about 5 Feet 8 or 9 Inches high, middling stout made, had on when he went away, a striped Shirt and Canvass Trowsers; he is a Carp enter by Trade, but has lately followed the Sea, being a tolerable good Sailor; he is a Native of this Island, speaking good English when sober, but when in liquor stammers very much; he is very much addicted to liquor, and fond of being about the Grog Sho ps; he has a fresh Scar on the left Cheek, occasioned by a Cut from a Cutlass; it is supposed he is harboured either in the Town of Nassau or to the Eastward, as he has a number of Acquaintances in both Parts. All Masters of Vessels are cautioned against c arrying the said Runaway off this Island. The above Reward will be paid immediately on his being delivered to the Keeper of the Jail, or to PAUL LIGHTBOURN. 52 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 9 May 1795 [BAH0103b.BG29May1795]. 53 Cf. notice for sale of slaves, Bahama Gazette 12 Aug. 1794 [ scnNewAfr18 ]: Just imported in the sloop Two Brothers, Conrade Jones, Master, from St. Christopher, and for sale by Abraham Eve, 72 Prime Windward Coast Slaves, also commodities. 12 Aug. 1794. 54 For later occurrence of running away, see Bahama Gazette 8 Feb. 1799 [ BAH 104b.BG8Feb1799] : Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man named CHARLES, formerly the Property of Paul Lightbourn, Esq. a Ship Carpenter by Trade, and well known about Town; also, PRINCE, a Cooper, lately purchased of James Lang: A Reward will be paid on the Delivery of the above Deserters to the Gaoler, and all Persons are cautioned against harbouring, employing, or carrying off the said Slaves. HENRY and JAMES WOOD. Nassau, February 8, 1799.

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36 Nassau, May 12, 1795. 18 August 1795 Bahama Gazette [BAH010 5 .BG18Aug1795] 55 Run away from the Subs criber, on Monday Morning, a Negro Fellow named JEMMY, formerly the Property of Paul Lightbourn, Esq. A Reward of Six Dollars will be to any Person who will inform if he is employed or harboured by any White Person, and Three Dollars if by a Black, on Conv ictin of the Offender. He is of a yellow Complexion, and well known in Nassau. He has lost some of his Fore Teeth, had on when he went away, a blue Jacket, and an Oznaburg Frock and Trowsers. All Masters of Vessels are forewarned against taking him off the Island. Four Dollars will be paid on delivering him into Nassau Jail, or to the Subscriber. EBEN. LOVE. Nassau, August 12, 1795. 1 September 1795 Bahama Gazette [BAH010 6 .BG1Sept1795] 12 th instant, two Negro Men, viz. ISRAEL, about 22 Years of Age, 5 Feet 8 Inches high, a yellowish Complexion, speaks good English, and has been accustomed to the Sea. BACCHUS, about 27 Years of Age, 5 Feet 11 Inches high, a jet black Complexion, speaks l ittle English. The above Negroes went off in a small two oared Poplar Canoe, with a white Bottom, black Sides, and red Gunwales. It is supposed they would endeavour to get on board of some Vessel going through the Crooked Island Passage. Should that be the Case, the Subscriber hopes the Person who took them up will return them to him at the aforesaid Island, or to William and James Moss, Merchants in New Providence. A liberal Reward will be given, and all reasonable Charges paid on Delivery of the Negroes. JOHN MOWBRAY. Crooked Island, August 16, 1795. 22 September 1795 Bahama Gazette [BAH010 7 .BG22Sept1795] Run away Yesterday Afternoon, a French Negro Man, belonging to the Subscriber, named ROMAIN, about 20 Years old, a square likely Fellow, very black, an d little more than 5 Feet high. Masters of Vessels and others are hereby cautioned against harbouring, hiring, or carrying off the said Negro. delivered to the Subscriber, or to the Keeper of the J ail. J. B. PERAULT. 55 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 11 Sept. 1795 [BAH0105 b.BG11Sept1795].

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37 Nassau, September 22, 1795. 23 October 1795 Bahama Gazette [BAH010 8 .BG23Oct1795] Absented himself from the Subscriber, on Saturday the 17 th instant, a Negro Man named JOHN, about 5 Feet 6 Inches high, has a blemish in one of his Eyes, and formerly belonged to Mr. Lorimer of Cat Island. He has been seen in Town several Times since he went off, at Night. He is Carolina born, and is a very plausible Fellow. Should he voluntarily return before the End of the ensuing Week, and offer any tol erable Excuse for absenting himself, he will be forgiven. Ten Dollars Reward is hereby offered to any one who will apprehend the said Runaway, and deliver him to the Keeper of the Jail and all Masters of Vessels and others are hereby cautioned against harb ouring, hiring, employing, or carrying off the said Negro Man; as the Subscriber will use every Means the Laws afford to bring any Person so offending to Punishment. ALEX. WILDGOOS. Nassau, October 23, 1795. 11 December 1795 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 09 .BG11D ec1795] likely stout young Fellow, well known about this Town and Neighbourhood. All Persons are cautioned against harbouring or employing the said Runaway; as ever y Means within the Reach of the Law, will be used to bring the Parties, white or black, so offending, to the most exemplary Punishment. Five Dollars Reward will be paid to any Person who shall apprehend the said Runaway, and have him secured in Gaol, or de livered to the Subscriber. JOHN WELLS. Nassau, December 8, 1795. 22 December 1795 Bahama Gazette [BAH011 0 .BG22Dec1795] Run away from the Subscriber, living in the Eastern District of New Providence, a Negro Man named DAVID, a tall, well made Fellow, very well known in this place Ten Dollars Reward will be paid to whoever apprehends the said Runaway, and has him secured in Gaol. JOHN KEMP, C. New Providence, December 21, 1795. 19 January 1796 Bahama Gazette

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38 [BAH011 1 .BG19Jan1796] 56 Run away about eight Day s since, a stout young Negro Man named SAM, about 5 Feet 6 Inches high, round full Face, had on when he went away, a striped red Jacket, blue Duffil Trowsers, and new black Hat; he has been frequently seen to the Eastward on a Morning, formerly belonged to Mr. Sptirs [sic] and is a Jobbing Carpenter. Whoever will bring him to ALEX. McBRIDE, or lodge him in the Common Gaol, shall receive a Reward of Three Dollars. Nassau, January 18, 1796. 57 15 February 1796 Bahama Gazette [BAH011 2 .BG15Feb1796] Absented th emselves from the Subscriber, last Sunday Morning, three young American born Negro Men, named JANUARY, 58 a Cooper, and MARCH and SABY, Hair Dressers and Barbers. They are all extremely well known about this place, and are supposed to be harboured by some Bl ack Person. Five Dollars Reward for each of the said Runaways Is hereby offered to whoever will deliver them, or any of them, to the Keeper of the Jail; and I do hereby caution all Persons against harbouring, employing, concealing or carrying off the said Runaway Slaves, as they would wish to avoid subjecting themselves to the Penalties which the most rigid Construction of the Laws will allow of in such Cases. ELEANOR SEYMOUR. Nassau, February 16, 1796. 15 February 1796 Bahama Gazette [BAH011 3 .BG15Feb1796 ] Run away from the Plantation of the Subscriber, the 9 th instant a French Negro Man named JOHN LEWIS, about 5 Feet 5 Inches high, had on when he went away, a white Woolen Jacket and white Linen Trowsers. The Subscriber imagine s that the said Runaway may b e lurking about the Plantations to the Westward. Whoever will bring him to the Subscriber, or lodge him in the Common Gaol, shall receive a Reward of Three Dollars. J. B. PERRAULT. 56 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 22 Jan. 1796 [BAH0111b.22Jan1796]. 57 For a later occurrence of running away, see Bahama Gazette 17 July 1798 [BAH0111c.BG17July1798] : Run away from my Farm to the Westward, a Negro Man named SAM, w ell known in Town, formerly belonging to Captain McBride; he is stout and well made, about twenty five Years of age. A Reward of Twenty Dollars will be paid to any Person delivering him to me, or to the Gaoler in Nassau. R. CUNNINGHAM. Nassau, July 17, 179 8. 58 For a later occurrence of running away, see Bahama Gazette 6 Dec. 1796 [BAH01 1 2 b .BG6Dec1796]: Long Island, on Wednesday Night the 16 th of November. The Negroes were, JANUARY, belonging to Mr. SEYMOUR, LENOX, JANE, and POMP, belonging to Mr. GLENTON. It is supposed they steered for New Providence, where January has a Wife, who lives at the South West Bay. Any Information respecting the above Runaways or the Boat, will be thankfully received, by BENJAMIN NEWTON. Nassau, December 6, 1796.

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39 Nassau, February 16 [sic], 1796. 23 February 1796 Bahama Gazette [BAH011 4 .BG23Feb1796] Absented himself from his Work at Fort Charlotte, on Thursday the 11 th Day of February instant, a stout Negro Man Boy, named OTHELLO; he is so well known in this Island, that a further Description is unnecessary. A Reward of Six Dollars will be paid to any Person who will apprehend and deliver the said Negro to the Keeper of the Common Gaol, or to the Subscriber. WILLIAMS BRADFORD. Nassau, February 23, 1796. 28 June 1796 Bahama Gazette [BAH011 5 .BG28June1796] Run away from the Subscriber las t Sunday Night, a Negro Man named CHARLES, about four Feet four or five Inches high, of a very black Complexion, and sour Countenance, knock kneed, had on when he went away, a Blue Jacket, Check Shirt, and White Trowsers, and took with him a Number of othe and lodge him in the Common Jail, or deliver him to the Subscriber, shall receive Four Dollars Reward. DELEGAL SEYMOUR. Nassau, June 28, 1796. 1 July 1796 Bahama Gazette [BAH011 6 .BG 1July1796] 59 He is a stout young Fellow, about 5 Feet 6 Inches high. Eight Dollars Reward will be paid to any P erson who will apprehend the said Runaway, and have him secured in Jail, or delivered to Mr. Charles Bethel, in the New Road. JOSEPH INGRAM. New Providence, June 28, 1796. 12 July 1796 Bahama Gazette 59 Cf. notice of sale of slaves, Bahama Gazette 23 February 1796 [scnNewAfr19]: Just imported, in the ship Speedwell, Captain Thomas Payne, from the Win dward Coast of Africa, cargo of 247 Choice Negroes, to be sold by William and James Moss. February 22, 1796.

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40 [BAH011 7 .BG12July1796] 60 gro Wench named NANCY, about 40 Years of age, and the Hair on her Head a little sprinkled with Grey. She is well known among the free Crew, that came from the Carolinas, by some of whom she is supposed to be harboured; being a tolerable Washer and Ironer, she may employ herself in that Way during the Time she can absent herself. A handsome Reward will be given to whoever apprehends her, and lodges her in the Jail of Nassau, or to whoever can prove who harboured her. Enquire of Mr. John Fergusson, jun. Merch ant in Nassau. JOHN MORRIS. Nassau, July 14, 1796. 1 November 1796 Bahama Gazette [BAH011 8 .BG1Nov1796] Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man named PARIS, whom he bought at Vendue, on Monday the 16 th instant, and was formerly the Property of Josiah T attnall, Esq Eight Dollars Reward will be given to any Person that will lodge him in the Jail of Nassau. ISAAC R. TUCKER. Nassau, October 28, 1796. 4 November 1796 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 19 .BG4Nov1796] Runaway from the Subscriber, about Three Months ago, a Negro Man named DROGHEDA, a smart active Fellow, about 25 Years old, has a remarkable Cut on his Forehead, supposed to be lurking about some of the Plantations to the Westward of Nassau A Reasonable Reward will be paid to any Person who will lodge him in Gaol, or deliver him to MARGARET MARR. Nassau, November 4, 1796. 6 December 1796 Bahama Gazette [BAH012 0 .BG6Dec1796] Notice. Northern District of Long Island, on Wedn esday Night the 16 th of November. The Negroes were, J anuary 61 belonging to Mr. S eymour LENOX, JANE, and POMP, belonging to Mr. GLENTON. It is supposed they steered for New Providence, where January has a Wife, who 60 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 19 July 1796 [BAH0117b.BG19July1796]. 61 For previous occurrence of runnin g away, see Bahama Gazette 15 Fe b. 1796 [BAH011 2 .BG15Feb1796].

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41 lives at the South West Bay. Any Informat ion respecting the above Runaways or the Boat, will be thankfully received, by BENJAMIN NEWTON. Nassau, December 6, 1796. 25 April 1797 Bahama Gazette [BAH012 1 .BG25Apr1797] Run away from the Subscriber in this Town on the 18 th instant, a Yellow Girl know n by the names of HARRIET or QUEEN. Whoever will lodge her in Jail, will receive Ten Dollars Reward, from Messrs. Forbes, Munro, and Co. W. H. HAMILTON. Nassau, April 21, 1797. 30 May 1797 Bahama Gazette [BAH012 2 .BG30May1797] Absented himself from the Su Man named JEM; he had on when he went off, an Oznaburg Frock and Trowsers, is about 5 Feet 7 Inches high, can speak pretty good English, and is well known about Town. Any Person who will appreh end the said Negro, and deliver him to the Gaol in Nassau, shall receive Ten Dollars Reward. All Persons are hereby warned against harbouring him, and all Masters of Vessels against carrying him off the Island. ALEX. WILDGOOS. Nassau, May 2, 1797. 62 21 Ju ly 1797 Bahama Gazette [BAH012 3 .BG21July1797] 63 Run away from the Subscriber, about the beginning of this Month, two Negro Boys, each about 18 Years of Age, and known by the Names of HAMLET and KENDAL. Hamlet is well known about Town, and has lately been di scovered to frequent the Negro Dances, to furnish himself for which Entertainments, he has committed several Robberies. A Reward of Fifty Dollars will be given to whoever lodges Hamlet in Jail; and Fifty Dollars more if found harboured by any Free 62 For later occurrence of running away, see Bahama Gazette 12 Apr. 1799 [BAH0122b.BG12Apr1799]: Eight Dollars Reward. Run away on Friday last the 5 th instant, a Negro Fellow named JEM, about 5 Feet 7 Inches high, brownish Hair, speaks good English, and is well known about the Town of Nassau. Whoever apprehends the said Negro, and delivers him to the Keeper of the Common Gaol, or to the Subscriber, shall receive the above Reward. All Persons are hereby forewarned from harbou ring or concealing the said Negro. ALEXANDER WILDGOOS. Nassau, April 9, 1799. 63 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 25 Aug. 1797 [BAH0123b.BG25Aug1797].

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42 Person, so as the Offender may be brought to Justice: if he returns of his own Accord, his Punishment will be mitigated. Twenty Dollars will be given for apprehending Kendal. All Masters of Vessels are forewarned against taking the above Negroes off. JOHN PETTY. N assau, July 21, 1797. 25 August 1797 Bahama Gazette [BAH012 4 .BG25Aug1797] Absented himself from the Ordnance Yard, on Saturday the 12 th instant, a Negro Man named WILL HALL, the Property of WILLIAM G. HALL, Esquire. He has been employed in the Ordnance Y ard from Six to Seven Years, and is well known in Town, Any Person who will take up the said Negro, and deliver him to the Subscriber, shall receive Two Dollars Reward. BENJAMIN NEWTON. Nassau, August 25, 1797. 10 October 1797 Bahama Gazette [BAH012 5 .BG10Oct1797] Missing, supposed to have lost himself, a Neg ro Man named DUBLIN, purchased at the Sale of Prize Negroes, on Wednesday last Week. He is about 5 Feet 7 Inches high, lively Countenance, has a Scurf on his Skin, and a Lump on his left Side, occasioned by a Wound. Ten Dollars Reward will be paid to any P erson who will deliver the said Negro Man to JOHN ADDISON, Mason. Nassau, October 6, 1797. 17 November 1797 Bahama Gazette [BAH012 6 .BG17Nov1797] Run Away from on board the American Ship Thomas, commanded by the Subscriber, and now lying in this Harbour, a Negro Boy named JOHN, about five Feet four Inches high. Fifteen Dollars will be paid to whoever shall secure him in Gaol, or deliver him on board the Thomas, to JAMES MARTIN. Nassau, November 17, 1797. 8 December 1797 Bahama Gazette [BAH012 7 .BG8Dec179 7] Runaway, a Mulatto Man named WILLIAM, Creole born, speaks good English, and is much ruptured. Five Dollars Reward will be paid to any Person who shall apprehend he said Runaway, and secure him in Gaol.

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43 JAMES WATSON. Nassau December 6, 1797. 19 January 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH012 8 .BG19Jan1798] A Negro Man named YARMOUTH, the Property of the Subscriber, was blown off in a Moses th December last. Twenty Dollars Reward, besides a ll reasonable Charges, will be paid to any Person who has taken up the said Negro, on his being delivered in Nassau, to Messrs. Forbes, Munro, and Co. or at St. Salvadore to MARTIDALE SALVADORE. St. Salvadore, January 10, 1798. 26 January 1798 Bahama Gaz ette [BAH01 29 .BG26Jan1798] Run away, a Negro Man named ROMEO, formerly belonging to Doctor Gibson of Long Island, deceased; he is about twenty four Years of Age, and generally known about Town by those of his Colour. Also, a young Negro Wench of the Eboe C ountry, named DAPHNE, about fifteen s Sale by Mr. WILLIAM SLATER, whose Property she is, and lived some Time after with Sarah Cox. A Reward of Five Dollars will be paid for eac h or either, on Delivery to the Subscriber or to the Keeper of the Jail; and as some Intimation has been given that they are harboured or employed in or near the Vicinity of Nassau, should this be done by a slave, a further Reward of Five Dollars will be p aid for [each] so employed, and if by a Free Person, Ten Dollars, on Conviction. If they return to their Duty of themselves, they will be forgiven. BENJAMIN LORD. Nassau, January 26, 1798. 9 February 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH013 0 .BG9Feb1798] Found wanderi ng in the Woods, a New Negro Woman, who appears to be about 20 or 22 Years of Age, says her Name is LUCY, and is of the Joar Country. The Owner may have her restored, on payment for her Maintenance and this Advertisement, and giving some small Reward to th e Negroes, who brought her in. Apply to ROBERT RUMER. Prospect Pen, February 8, 1798.

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44 9 March 1798 Bahama Gazette [ c ] Run away from the Subscriber, as customary (from what Reason is not yet found out) [sic] his Mulatto Villain JACK, well known; as he ha s been, and still remains a perfect Pest in the Neighbourhood, it is hoped, Efforts will not be wanting to cause him to be seized. It is supposed by his Fellow Servants, that he is harboured by the Negroes of three or four neighbouring Plantations having n o White Person residing upon them, as the Law directs. JNO. MORRIS. Mont Morris (Long Island) [sic] February 14, 1798. 13 April 1798 Bahama Gazette [ BAH013 2 .BG13Apr1798] Ran away within a Fortnight past, a Negro Man Boy named TRUSTY; he is so well known about Town and the Country, as to need no further Description. A Reward of Four Dollars will be paid to the Person delivering the said Runaway to the Subscriber; and if harboured by a White Person, Six Pounds, if by a Black, Three Pounds, to be paid on Co nviction of the Harbourer. Legal Caution is hereby given against carrying from this Island the said Runaway. WILLIAMS BRADFORD. New Providence, Nassau, April 12, 1798. 64 11 May 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH013 3 .BG11May1798] 65 Run away from the Subscribers, a Ne gro Man named TIM, late the Property of the Hon. ROBERT HUNT, Esq, by Trade a Ship Carpenter, and is well known about Town. Ten Dollars Reward will be given to any Person who will deliver the said Slave to the Subscriber, or give 64 For a later occurrence of running away, see Bahama Gazette 7 Jan. 1800 [BAH0132b.BG7Jan1800]: Fou r Dollars Reward. Ran Away from the subscriber, some days ago a young, stout negro man named TRUSTY; frock and trowsers, and is well known ab out town. The above reward will be paid to any person who will deliver the said Negro to the keeper of the common jail, or to the subscriber. Any person found harbouring, concealing, or employing the said Negro, will be prosecuted to the utmost rigor of th e Law. WILLIAM BRADFORD, M.D. Nassau, January 3, 1800. For a later occurrence of running away, see Bahama Gazette 8 Aug. 1800 [BAH0132c.BG8Aug1800]: Absented himself from the Subscriber, about ten days ago, a stout young negro man, named TRUSTY, As it is suppose [sic] he works daily about the town; all person whatever are forbid harbouring or employing him, as they will be prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law; and, a reward of four dollars, shall be paid to any person, who will deliver him to the kee per of the gaol, or to the Subscriber. WM. BRADFORD, M.D. August 8, 1800. 65 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 5 May 1798 [BAH0133b.BG15May1798].

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45 Information where he is co ncealed. Any Person found harbouring or concealing him, will be prosecuted as the Law directs; and all Masters of Vessels are cautioned against carrying him off. HENRY and JAMES WOOD. Nassau, May 11, 1798. 8 June 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH013 4 .BG8June1798 ] 66 about 5 Feet 10 Inches high, speaks good English, is artful, and addicted to Liquor. Twenty Dollars Reward will be paid on his being delivered to JAMES MOSS. Nassau, June 8, 1798. 19 June 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH013 5 .BG19June1798] Ten Dollars Reward. Run away from the Subscriber some Time since, a Negro Man named AUBO, very well known in this Town; he is suspected to be lurking about some of the Plantations to the We stward, own Accord, he will be forgiven. M. BALDWIN. Nassau, June 19, 1798. 6 July 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH013 6 .BG6July1798] 67 Run away from Look Out Farm, about ten Days since, a stout Negro Man named BEN, about 5 have joined other deserted Slaves in the Neighbourhood of this Town. A Reward of Ten Dollars will be given in Addition to what the Law allows for taking up Runaways, on delivering him to me at the above Farm, or to the Gaoler in Nassau. JOSEPH SMITH. Nassau, July 6, 1798. 66 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 12 June 1798 [BAH0134b.BG12June1798]. 67 See also clear copy, Baha ma Gazette 27 July 1798 [BAH0136b.BG27July1798].

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46 27 July 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH013 7 .BG27July1798] Run away from the Sloop Ana, Gabriel Da rrel, Master, lying in Nassay Harbour, a Bermuda Negro Man, the Property of ROBERT BASSETT, Esq. named BEN BURNS, 5 Feet 7 Inches high, stout made, very dark, about 25 Years old, and has been about six Years at Sea. He had on when he went away, a striped C otton Shirt, Duck Trowsers, a Blue Flannel Waistcoat, and a Straw Hat. He wears his Hair in a Que: Sixteen Dollars will be paid for the Delivery of the said Runway [sic] to the Keeper of the Gaol, or to Messrs. Forbes, Munro, and Co. Any Person harbouring the said Slave, will be prosecuted. Nassau, July 27, 1798. 10 August 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 38 .BG10Aug1798] 68 Runaway from the Subscriber, two Negro Men, viz. PRIMUS, a stout Fellow, 5 Feet 8 Inches high, has been Runaway since January last, and has fr equently been seen in different parts of the Eastern suburbs of this Town. He was formerly the property of the late Colonel Pearie. SAMBO, very tall, being upwards of 6 feet high, stout made, and active. He absented himself in the beginning of last month, and has also been frequently seen lurking about Town. Primus is now an outlaw. Thirty Dollars will be paid for apprehending him and delivering him to the Keeper of the Jail Ten Dollars will be paid for Sambo. THOMAS RIGBY. Nassau, August 1, 1798. 12 Octo ber 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 39 .BG12Oct1798] Run away from the Subscriber, last Night, (after making an attempt Yesterday, in which she was detected) [sic] a Mulatto Woman named NANNY, very well known in this Town. Any Person apprehending the said Runaway may receive a reasonable Reward, if required; and any Person harbouring her, may depend on being prosecuted with Rigour. G. LEITCH. Nassau, October 12, 1798. 13 November 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH014 0 .BG13Nov1798] Five Dollars Reward. 68 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 21 Aug. 1798 [BAH0138b.BG21Aug1798].

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47 Lately absented the mselves from the Subscribers, Two New Negro Men. They are of the Senegal Country, and were Part of the Cargo of the New Adventure, sold in August last. 69 YARMOUTH, one of the Fellows, is rather a large sized Negro, stoops a little, and is past the middle Ag e. SAMBO, the other Fellow, is about 20 Years of Age, and rather below the common Size. It is supposed that they have wandered to some Plantation, and have met with some of their Countrymen who harbour them. The above Reward will be paid for apprehending t hem; and any Information concerning them, will be thankfully received, by ROBERT RUMER and JOSEPH EVE. Nassau, November 13, 1798. 20 November 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH014 1 .BG20Nov1798] Run Away on Saturday the 10 th instant, a young Mulatto Woman, named NA NCY, lately the Property of Robert Rumer, Esq. Having great Reason to suspect that she is harboured, and desirous to bring to Punishment any Person so offending, I hereby offer a Reward of Ten Dollars for the Discovery of the Party guilty thereof, to be pa id on Conviction. Five Dollars will be paid to any Person who will secure the said Mulatto Woman in Gaol, or deliver her to WILLIAM McKENNEY. Nassau, November 20, 1798. 23 November 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH014 2 .BG23Nov1798] Run away on Sunday last, from t he Sloop Neptune of Exuma, a Negro Man named BRUSH, about five Feet seven Inches high, is well known about Town, has a W[ elt ] on his hand, which is much swelled, and had on when he absconded, a blue jacket and Oznaburg Shirt and Trowsers. Masters of Privat eers and other Vessels, are hereby warned against employing him, as the Subscriber will punish as severely as the Law will allow any Person harbouring the said Runaway. Five Dollars Reward will be paid to any Person for delivering him to the Keeper of the Gaol, or to JOHN MOWBRAY. Nassau, November 23, 1798. 69 For sale of slaves, s ee Bahama Gazette 21 Aug. 1798 [scnNewAfr20]: Public auction of 91 New Negroes, captured in the Brigantin e New Adventure, by a private vessel of war, and Admiralty. Slater and Lord. 21 Aug. 1798. See also the New Adventure from the United States via Goree [Senegambia], disembarking 91 slaves from August 1798; ID#2559 4, TAST (1999).

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48 30 November 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH014 3 .BG30Nov1798] Runaway on Monday the 19 th instant, a Negro Man, named JEM, a Joiner by Trade, and is well known about Town. Five Dollars will be paid on his bein g delivered to the Keeper of the Jail. As I have every Reason to believe that he is harboured by some Free Negroes, I hereby offer a further Reward of Twenty Dollars, for Information of any one so offending, to be paid on Conviction. PETER BETHUNE. Nassau, November 30, 1798. 4 December 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH014 4 .BG4Dec1798] Absented himself from my Service about three Weeks since, a Negro Man named JACK; he middle Size, can speak both French and English, and had on when he absconded, a white spotted Jacket and Oznaburg Trowsers and Shirt. He has been occasionally employed on a Plantation, as a Labourer in Town, and on board of Vessels. Five Dollars Reward, wi th all reasonable An additional Reward of Ten Dollars will be paid for Information of any one harbouring or employing said Runaway. JOHN ANDERSON. Nassau, December 3, 1798. 7 December 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH014 5 .BG7Dec1798] Lately absconded himself from my Service, a Negro Man named CYRUS, formerly the Property of Stephen Haven, Esq. and is too generally known to make any minute Description of him necessary. I will give a R eward of Eight Dollars for his being apprehended and secured in Jail, with all reasonable Charges; and an additional Reward of Twenty Dollars for Information of his being harboured or employed, to be paid on Conviction of the Party so offending. Masters of Vessels are particularly cautioned against employing said Runaway. THOMAS RIGBY. Nassau, December 7, 1798. 28 December 1798 Bahama Gazette [BAH014 6 .BG28Dec1798] Ten Dollars Reward.

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49 Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Woman, who goes by the Name of SAR AH KEMP, and is supposed to be harboured in the Eastern District. Any Person delivering said Negro to the Subscriber, shall receive the above Reward. JOSEPH SAUNDERS. Nassau, December 28, 1798. 8 January 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH014 7 .BG8Jan1799] Absconded from the Service of the Subscriber, a Negro Man known by the Names of JOHN FULFORD and JOHN TALL. He formerly lived in the Negro Town, and is a Jobbing Carpenter by Trade. Ten Dollars Reward will be paid for the Delivery of the said Runaway to the Jailor, or to JOSEPH HUNTER. Nassau, January 8, 1799. 18 January 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 48 .BG18Jan1799] th of November, 1798, Three Negro Men named THOMAS, 70 LAVOW, 71 Sloop of War Diligence. The above Negroes are supposed to be Slaves, and will be delivered to the Commander of the said Sloop of War or his Agent, on Application being made to the Subscribers. BURTON and SAMUEL WILLIAMS. Nassau, January 18, 1799. 70 For a later occurrence of running away, see Bahama Gazette 10 Jan. 1800 [BAH0148b.BG10Jan.1800]: and LAVEAU. Thomas is about 4 feet 9 inches high, Laveau about 5 feet 8 inches high. The above negroes were suspected the said negroes have been taken off the island by some v essel not knowing that it was inhabited. The Island. BURTON & SAMUEL WILLIAMS. Nassau, January 8, 1800. 71 For a later occurrence of runnin g away, see Bahama Gazette 10 Jan. 1800 [BAH0148b.BG10Jan.1800]: and LAVEAU. Thomas is about 4 feet 9 inches high, Laveau about 5 feet 8 inches high. Th e above negroes were suspected the said negroes have been taken off the island by some vessel not knowing that it was inhabited. The above re Island. BURTON & SAMUEL WILLIAMS. Nassau, January 8, 1800.

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50 8 Febr uary 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 49 .BG8Feb1799] Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man named Charles, 72 formerly the Property of Paul Lightbourn, Esq. a Ship Carpenter by Trade, and well known about Town; also, PRINCE, a Cooper, lately purchased of James L ang: A Reward will be paid on the Delivery of the above Deserters to the Gaoler, and all Persons are cautioned against harbouring, employing, or carrying off the said Slaves. HENRY and JAMES WOOD. Nassau, February 8, 1799. 22 February 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH015 0 .BG22Feb1799] Absented himself from my Plantation about two Months ago, a Negro Boy named SAM. He is well known about the Town, as he has been employed some Years past as a Carter about the Town; he has been frequently seen lately near the Eastwar d Fort, where his Mother lives. His Mother belongs to Mr. Bethel. Five Dollars Reward will be given to any Person that will deliver said Boy to the Subscriber; and Ten Dollars if harboured by any Person, on Conviction of the Offender. CHRISTOPHER NEELLY. N assau, February 21, 1799. 5 March 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH015 1 .BG5Mar1799] Went off, on Tuesday the 5 th of February instant, in a Canoe, belonging to Mr. Joseph Sanders, h Negro Man, SAMBO, an African, BETTY his Wife, with two Boys [BOY] [BOY] and a Girl [GIRL] their Children. It is supposed they are gone for Cuba. Ten Dollars for each of the above Negroes, will be paid on their being delivered to the Keeper of the Jail i n Nassau, or to SARAH POWELL. Nassau, February 16, 1799. 5 March 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH015 2 .BG5Mar1799] 72 For previous occurrence of running away, see Bahama Gazette 19 May 1795 [BAH0105.BG19 May1795]

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51 Run away from the Subscriber about three Weeks ago, a Negro Man named JASPER, he is about 5 Feet 8 Inches high, speaks English badly, and has some o f his Country Marks upon his Face, Whoever will deliver him to Mr. Underwood, shall be paid a Reward of Five Dollars, by MAGDALEN BALDWIN. Nassau, March 5, 1799. 8 March 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH015 3 .BG8Mar1799] Run away from the Subscriber a Negro Man n amed MATT, well known about Town. Ten Dollars reward will be paid on Delivery of the said Runaway to the Gaoler; and all Persons are cautioned against harbouring, employing, or carrying him off. THOMAS JOHNSTON. Nassau, 8 th March, 1799. 19 March 1799 Bah ama Gazette [BAH015 4 .BG19Mar1799] 73 Run away from the Subscriber about fourteen Days ago, a Negro Man commonly called DOCTOR JOHN, about 5 Feet, 5 Inches high, speaks bad English, has marks on each side of his Face. Five Dollars Reward, will be paid to any Person that will deliver him to the Gaoler or to HUGH DEAN. Nassau, March 19, 1799. 23 April 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH015 5 .BG23Apr1799] Absconded last Sunday Morning, a New Negro Boy, purchased about four Months since, 74 about 12 Years old, has a bushy He ad, a Scald on his right Foot, looks down, and is named GEORGE. He can speak very little English, and probably lost himself in the Neighbourhood of the Town. Eight Dollars Reward, with all reasonable Charges, will be paid on his being delivered to Mr. Unde rwood, or to ROBERT WIER. Nassau, April 22, 1799. 73 See also variant clear copy, with different woodcut and formatting, Bahama Gazette 22 March 1799 [BAH0154b.BG22Mar1799]. 74 Cf. notice of sale of slavees, Bahama Gazette 23 Nov. 1798 [scnNewAfr21]: Public auction of 91 prime Negroes, being part of the cargo of the Danish Brig Jano, Capt. Brice, wrecked on her voyage from St. Croix to Havana.

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52 3 May 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH015 6 .BG3May1799] Twenty Five Dollars Reward. Run away about the Middle of last Month, a Negro Man named BOSTON, formerly the Property of the late Capt. North; he is about 5 F eet 4 Inches high, about 25 Years of Age, and is well known in this Town and Neighbourhood. Whoever apprehends the said Negro, and will deliver him to the Keeper of the Common Gaol, or to the Subscriber, shall receive the above Reward. WILLIAM BARTON. Nass au, May 3, 1799. 7 May 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 57 .BG7May1799] Run away from the Revenue Cutter Admiral Duncan, on Monday last. BEN, a Black Man, is a Slave, has a remarkable broad Face, was born in Bermuda. John Crawn, an Apprentice to the Subscriber, about 16 Years old is very tall, and has a sore Foot, having wounded it with an Axe the Day before he ran away. Eight Dollars Reward, with all reasonable Charges, for each of the said Runaways, will be paid, on their being delivered on board the Admiral D uncan, or to Mr. Underwood Any Person harbouring or carrying off any of them, will be rigourously prosecuted. ARCHIBALD GRAHAM. Nassau, April 12, 1799. 14 May 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 58 .BG14May1799] Absented himself, a young Negro Man named HARRY, the Property of WADE STUBBS of the some of his old Comrades in the Eastern Suburbs. Six Dollars Reward will be given on Delivery of the said Negro either to the Gaoler or to the Subscriber. All Persons are cautioned against harbouring, employing, or carrying him off. ROBERT SMITH. Nassau, May 10, 1799. 14 May 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 59 .BG14May1799] Twenty Dollars Reward. Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man name d SAM, commonly known by the Name of SAM PERPALL. The above Reward of Twenty Dollars, with all reasonable Charges, will be paid on his being lodged in the Gaol.

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53 ROBERT HENNETT. Nassau, May 14, 1799. 14 May 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH016 0 .BG14May1799] Run Aw ay from the Subscriber last week, a Negro Man named MUNGO, about 5 feet 9 inches high, very stout made, a little knock kneed, and has remarkable large feet, appears to be very much swelled, and has large holes in his ears; he is well known about town. A re ward of Twelve Dollars will be paid to any Person who will apprehend and deliver him to me. AUGUSTUS UNDERWOOD. Nassau, May 14, 1799. 28 May 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH016 1 .BG28May1799] Broke out of the Gaol of this Town, on the 21 st instant, the three foll owing Negroes, viz. WALLY, belonging to the Honourable JOHN MILLER, Esq. CUFFEY, 75 a Man Boy, belonging to GEORGE LEITCH, Esq. and CUPID, 76 the Property of Mr. WILLIAM WILSON on Long Island. They are all well known about Town. Whoever will apprehend and deli ver them to me, shall receive a Reward of Five Dollars for each. AUGUSTUS UNDERWOOD. Nassau, May 24, 1799. 7 June 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH016 2 .BG7June1799] 75 See also variation, Bahama Gazette 31 May 1799 [BAH0161b.BG31May1799]: Broke out of the Gaol of this Town, on the 21 st instant, CUFFEY, a Negro Man Boy, belonging to GEORGE LEITCH, Esq. He is well known about Town. Whoever will apprehend and deliver him to me, shall receive a Reward of Five Dollars. AUGUSTUS UNDERWOOD. Nassau, May 24, 1799. For later occurrence of running away, see Bahama Gazette 26 July 1799 [BAH0161d.BG26July1799]: Run away from the Subscriber, a young Negro Man named CUFFY, well known about Town for his Wickedness, who has been absent between five and six Weeks Any Person delivering him to the Gaoler, shall be entitled to receive a Reward of Five Dollars, and any one harbouring him, will be prosecuted with Rigour. GEORGE LEITCH. Nassau, July 26, 1799. 76 See also variation, Bahama Gazette 7 June 1799 [BAH0161c.BG7June1799]: Broke out of the Gaol of this Town, on the 21 st instant, C UPID, a Negro Man, belonging to Mr. WILLIAM WILSON of Long Island. He is well known about Town. Whoever will apprehend and deliver him to me, shall receive a Reward of Five Dollars. AUGUSTUS UNDERWOOD. Nassau, May 24, 1799.

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54 Run Away from the Subscriber the 5 th instant, a Negro Boy named SHARP, well known about Town, abou t 15 Years of Age, one or two small Scars on his Face, has a pleasant Countenance, speaks middling good English, with a little Lisp on his Tongue, had on when he went away a Check Shirt and Trowsers. Ten Dollars Reward will be paid on his being delivered t o Mr. Underwood at the Gaol, or to JOHN MOSS, Opposite the Ordnance Yard. Nassau, June 7, 1799. 18 June 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH016 3 .BG18June1799] Run away on Friday the 7 th instant, from the Subscriber, a Negro Woman named LOUISA, about twenty Years old formerly the property of Mr. Benjamin Barnet, of Royal Island, is well known in this Town, and is harboured by some of her Acquaintances on this Island. A Reward of Five Dollars will be paid on the Delivery of the said Runaway to the Keeper of the Gaol; and a further Reward of Ten Dollars for the Discovery of any Person, White or Black, harbouring or employing her, will be paid on Conviction of the Party so offending, by GEORGE WEECH. Nassau, June 18, 1799. 25 June 1799 Bahama Gazett e [BAH016 4 .BG25June1 799] Run away on the 18 th instant, a Negro Woman named MARY, who took away with he [sic] a Boy [BOY] about five Years old, is well known in the Neighbourhood, and is suspected to be harboured by her Husband. Any Person who will deliver the said Negro Woman and Child to the Keeper of the Gaol, shall receive Five Dollars Reward; and Ten Dollars will be paid to any Person who will give Information of the Person who harbours her. MARY WILLCOCKS. Nassau, June 25, 1799. 28 June 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH016 5 .BG28 June1799] Run away on Monday last, immediately after having receive his Wages for four Days Hire, from Mr. Ritchie, which he carried off, a Negro Man named DICK, belonging to the Subscriber, a Ship Carpenter by Trade, and well known about Town. He frequent ly saunters about the Western Suburbs, and there is Reason to suppose he is occasionally employed there. Ten Dollars Reward will be paid on his being secured in Gaol. The same Sum will also be paid for Information that will lead to Conviction of any Person harbouring or employing him. TIMOTHY COX, senior, Ship Carpenter.

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55 Nassau, June 28, 1799. 77 5 July 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH016 6 .BG5July1799] Run Away on Tuesday the 25 th of June, from the Subscriber, a Negro Woman named JENNY, very well known in this Isla nd. A Reward of Two Dollars will be paid on the Delivery of the said Runaway to the Keeper of the Gaol, or to the Subscriber. ISAAC ANTROBUS. Nassau, July 5, 1799. 12 July 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 67 .BG12July1799] 78 Run away from the Subscriber on the 5 t h instant, a Negro Woman, known by the Name of MARY Mc A RTHUR [.] A Reward of Five Dollars will be paid on delivering her to Mr. Underwood, or to MICHAEL BARRY. Nassau, July 12, 1799. 6 August 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 68 .BG6Aug1799] 79 Apprehended, back of the Look out Farm, on Monday last, a New Negro Man [MAN] who complaint, as a number of eruptive spots remain on his breast, arms, &c. 80 And this morning 77 For later occurrence of runn ing away, see Bahama Gazette 6 May 1800 [BAH0165b.BG6May1800]: Runaway from the Subscriber, a Bermuda Negro named DICK belonging to Mr. ARMSTRONG, by Trade a Ship Carpenter. He is a stout likely young fellow of a Yellow Complexion, has a bushy head, and de lights in getting drunk. A Reward of Five Pounds will be paid for apprehending him, and all Persons are cautioned against employing him. TIMOTHY COX, Jun. Nassau, May 6, 1800. 78 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 16 July 1799 [BAH0167b.BG16July1799]. 79 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 9 Aug. 1799 [BAH0168b.BG9Aug1799]. 80 From 25 June through 5 July 1799 there were three advertisements of sales of newly imported slaves, on the Pegasus from Martinique, which was a captured prize: Bahama Gazette 25 June 1799 [scnNewAfr23]: Just imported in the Brig Pegasus, Capt. Newbold, 64 New Negroes. sold by Hunter, Murray, and Co.. 25 June 1799; Bahama Gazette 28 June 1799 [scnNewAfr24]: Public auction for about 40 New Negroes landed from the Schooner Pegasus p Thunderer and Hannibal ; Bahama Gazette 5 July 1799 [scnNewAfr25]: For sale, 28 African slaves, just received from the Pegasus, from Martinique. Paul Lightbourn. The ship Pegasus is not included in the TAST (1999).

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56 came to the Far m an old Negro Man [MAN] with his front teeth out, speaks a few words of broken English, and as I understand, says he belongs to Mr. Dean, and came from Long Island. The Owners are requested to pay for this Advertisement, with the trouble and expence in f eeding, and taking care of them, and take them away. JOSEPH SMITH. Look out, 3d August, 1799. 16 August 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 69 .BG16Aug1799] Run away from the Subscriber, about three Weeks since, a Negro Man African born, his Name is JOE, speaks bad English, has been in the Country about twelve Months, 81 had on when he went away a Duck Frock and Trowsers. Ten Dollars Reward will be paid to any Person who will lodge him in the Common Jail. JOHN B. MILLER. Nassau, August 16, 1799. 3 September 1799 Bah ama Gazette [BAH017 0 .BG3Sept1799] Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Boy named JESS, an Apprentice to me; he is well known about Town. Five Dollars Reward will be paid on Delivery of the said Negro to the Subscriber. GEORGE LEGG. Nassau, September 3, 17 99. 82 6 September 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH017 1 .BG6Sept1799] Ten Dollars Reward. 81 Cf. notice of sale of slaves, Bahama Gazette 21 Aug. 1798 [scnNewAfr20; see also 13 Nov. 1798: scn524.20]: Public auction of 91 New Negroes, captured in the Brigantine New Adventure, by a private vessel of Admiralty. Slater and Lord. 21 Aug. 1798. See also the New Adventure from the United States via Goree [Senegambia], disembarking 91 slaves from August 1798; ID#25594, TAST (1999). 82 For later occurrence of running away, see Bahama Gazette 31 Jan. 1800 [BAH0170b. BG31Jan1800]: Five Dollars Reward. Ran Away from the Subscriber, some time in [May?] last, an Apprentice Negro Boy named JESS. Whoever will deliver him to the Subscriber, or lodge him in Jail, shall have the above Reward. GEORGE LEGG. Nassau, January 3[1, 1800].

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57 Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Woman named BARBERY, about 5 Feet 6 Inches high, yellow Complexion, about 40 Years of Age; she is well known in Town. Whoever will delive r the said Negro Woman to the Common Jail, or to the Subscriber, shall receive the above Reward. THOS. PETTY. Nassau, September 6, 1799. 20 September 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH017 2 .BG20Sept1799] Absconded from Golden Grove Estate in the Bay of Shells, Cro oked Island, a New Negro Man [MAN] black Complexion, about 20 Years of age, speaks a little Negro French, about 5 Feet 9 Inches high. Had received a Punishment some Time before, went off in a four oared Cedar built Built [sic], on the Front of the Seat a Stern was cut out with a large Chizzel [sic], the Boat, is requested to deliver them to Mr. SAMUEL R. GODWIN in Nassau, who will thankfully satisfy the Finder for his Tr ouble. 24 September 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH017 3 .BG24Sept1799] Run away from the Subscriber about three Weeks since, a Negro Woman, between 30 and 40 Years old, named FANNY, lately purchased of Richard Thompson to the Eastward, formerly belonged to Mr. A nderson, Shopkeeper and is well known in this Town. Five Dollars Reward will be paid on her being delivered to the Keeper of the Jail, and Twenty Dollars more will be paid for satisfactory proof of her being harboured or employed by any Person. Should she return of her own Accord on or before Saturday next, she will be forgiven all past Offences. ABRAHAM GREENAGE. Nassau, September 24, 1799. 1 November 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH017 4 .BG1Nov1799] Five Dollars Reward. Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Boy named GEORGE, had on when he went away a White Linen Shirt and Trowsers, and Kerseymire Vest. Any Person delivering the said Runaway to the Subscribers, or to the Keeper of the Gaol, shall receive the above Reward. EASON, RITCHIE and CO. Nassau, October 2 2, 1799.

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58 8 November 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH017 5 .BG8Nov1799] Ten Dollars Reward. Runaway from the Subscriber a Negro Man named PHILLIP, well known about Town, had on when he went away a Check Shirt, and Osnaburgh Trowsers. The above reward of Ten Dollar s, will be paid on his being lodged in the Gaol. CHARLES BODE. Nassau, November 6, 1799. 12 November 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH017 6 .BG12Nov1799] 83 Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man named PRINCE, who it is said went in the Schooner Jane to Greenock. A Reward of Ten Guineas will be paid to any Person who will sufficiently prove it. Also, two other Negro Men, one named BOSTON, and the other TELEMACHUS, both well known in Town. A Reward of Five Dollars will be paid for each when delivered to the Gaoler, and Fifteen Dollars will be paid to any Person who can prove their being harboured. HUGH DEAN. Nassau, November 12, 1799. 19 November 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 77 .BG19Nov1799] Deserted from the Revenue Cutter Admiral Duncan, A Negro Man named JOE, the Pr operty of the Honourable ROBERT HUNT, he is well known about Town. Whoever will apprehend the said Negro, will be entitled to Five Dollars Reward by delivering him to the Gaoler. A. GRAHAM. Nassau, November 12, 1799. 22 November 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 1 78 .BG22Nov1799] 84 Five Dollars Reward. Absented himself from the Subscriber, about ten Days since, a Negro man named JACK, formerly the Property of Stephen Haven, Esq. The above Reward will be given to any Person 83 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 19 Nov. 1799 [BAH0176b.19Nov1799]. 84 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 3 Dec. 1799 [BAH0178b.3Dec1799].

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59 who will deliver him to the Subscriber, and if he returns of his own accord in a short Time, he will be forgiven. JOHN ADDISON. [n.d.] 26 November 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 79 .BG26Nov1799] Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man named JIM PINTARD. Whoever will deliver him to the Keeper of the C ommon Gaol, or the Subscriber, shall receive Five Dollars Reward. JAMES HOLLYWOOD. Nassau, November 26, 1799. 3 December 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH018 0 .BG3Dec1799] Six Dollars Reward. Run away from the Subscriber, a Wench named MARY, formerly the Property of Mr. George Johnston, she is well known about Town, and is supposed to be harboured in the Eastern District. The above Reward will be given to any Person who will deliver the said Woman to the Subscriber, or lodge her safe in Gaol. WILLIAM GOULD. Nassau December 3, 1799. 13 December 1799 Bahama Gazette [BAH018 1 .BG13Dec1799] 85 Fifty Dollars Reward. Whereas a Negro Man named SAM, formerly the Property of Charles Culmer of Eleuthera, but at present owned by the Subscriber, did, on Thursday last the 12 th i nstant, absent himself from his Master, and is supposed to be taken off in one of the Brigs which sailed for America on the 12 th inst. belonging to Rhode Island. The above Reward will be paid to any Person who will give Information so that the Offender may be prosecuted; as also the like Sum of Fifty Dollars will be paid upon the Delivery of the said Negro to the Keeper of the Gaol in Nassau. CHRISTOPHER FISHER. Nassau, December 13, 1799. 17 December 1799 Bahama Gazette 85 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 17 Dec. 1799 [BAH0181b.17Dec1799].

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60 [BAH018 2 .BG17Dec1799] Absconded fr om the Subscriber, a Brown Woman named DELIA, well known about this Town, she is in Person short and thin, has long black Hair. A Reward of Six Dollars will be paid to any Person who will deliver her to the Keeper of the Jail, and Thirty Dollars on Convict ion of any White Person harbouring her, or Fifteen Dollars if harboured by a Negro or Person of Colour. ALEX. BEGBIE. Nassau, December 17, 1799. 14 January 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH018 3 .BG14Jan1800] Absconded from the Subscriber, on or about Christmas da y last, a Negro Fellow named DICK, about 5 feet 7 inches high, from 35 or 40 years of age, and is well known about Town. Also on Saturday last, a Wench named NANCY, formerly the Property of Mr. Zuble, deceased. A reward of Eight Dollars for each will be pa id to any Person who will apprehend and deliver them to the Subscriber or to the Keeper of the Jail. All Persons are hereby forwarned from harbouring, employing, or carrying either of them off the Island, as the Offenders, on conviction, will be prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the Law. ALEXR. WILDGOOSE. Nassau, January 14, 1800. 17 January 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH018 4 .BG17Jan1800] Five Dollars Reward. Ran Away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man named JOAN [sic] [JOHAN] formerly the Property of William R igby, deceased, aged about 35 Years, and is well known about Town. The above Reward will be given to any Person who will deliver him to the Subscriber or to the Keeper of the common Jail. THOMAS RIGBY. Nassau, January 17, 1800. 86 21 January 1800 Bahama Ga zette [BAH018 5 .BG21Jan1800] 86 For later occurrence of running away, see Bahama Gazette 15 August 1800 BAH0 184b .BG15Aug1800] : Five Dollars Reward. Ran Away from the subscriber, a negro man named JOHAN, 5 feet 6 inches high, and about 35 years of age. He had on when he went away, a blue jacket and oznaburghs trowsers. The above reward will be paid upon the delivery of the said negro at the common gaol, or to the subscriber. THOMAS RIGBY. Nassau, August 15 [1800].

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61 Twenty Dollars Reward. Ran away from the subscriber, a negro man named CESAR, about five feet eight inches high, yellow complexion, speaks broken English and French, has lost some of his front teeth. He formerly was the property of Lord Dunmore. The above reward will be paid to any person who will lodge him in gaol, or deliver him to the subscriber. It is supposed that he is harboured by some of the free negroes of Negro Town A reward of Forty Dollars will be paid to any person w ho will prove his being harboured, and should he return in ten days he will be pardoned. EDW. SHEARMAN. Nassau, Janury 21, 1800. 28 January 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH018 6 .BG28Jan1800] Two Guineas Reward. Ran away from the subscriber, on the 12 th of last mo nth, a negro wench named AMELIA, lately the property of Mr. William Rogers, merchant, and is well known about town. The above reward will be paid on her being delivered to the jailor in Nassau; and a farther reward of Five Guineas, if it can be proved she is harboured by any person. HENRY L. JACKSON. Nassau, January 24, 1800. 31 January 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 87 .BG31Jan1800] Absconded from the Subscriber, on or about the last of December, a New Negro Woman named SARAH, speaks a little English, and is a bout 5 Feet 4 Inches high, from 30 to 40 Years of age, she has a small sleepy Eye, she has a Mark also on her left Waist, and one Bone being flipt above the other. A Reward of Five Dollars will be given to any Person who will apprehend and deliver her to t he Subscriber, or to the Keeper of the Jail. All Persons are hereby forwarned from harbouring or employing her, as the Offender on conviction will be prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the Law. URIAH SANDERS. Nassau, January 31, 1800. 11 February 1800 Ba hama Gazette [BAH01 88 .BG11Feb1800] Five Dollars Reward. Ran Away from the Subscriber about three weeks since, a Negro Woman named DEBORAH. She is very lusty and has very yellow teeth. Whoever will deliver her to the Subscriber or the Keeper of the common J ail, shall receive the above reward. All Persons are hereby cautioned from harbouring the said Negro Wench.

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62 BENJAMIN BETHELL. Nassau, February 11, 1800. 18 March 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH01 89 .BG18Mar1800] Twenty Dollars Reward. Ran Away from the Subscribe r, a few days ago, a Negro Man named CHARLES, Butcher by Trade, and is well known in Town. As he may have concerns of his own in the Market, the public are cautioned against having any further dealings with him. Captains of vessels and others are cautioned against taking him off, or harbouring him, and the above reward will be paid on his being lodged in the Jail of Nassau, by JOHN LESLIE. Nassau, March 18, 1800. 18 March 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH019 0 .BG18Mar1800] on Long Island, a Negro Man named SAM, he is a little fellow, about 5 feet 3 inches high, formerly belonged to Patrick Mullins, and lived at his Plantation at the Bluff on Eleuthera, and is supposed to have gone to that Neighbourhood. CHARLES, an African, a handsome stout little Man, about thirty years of age. SPRIGHTLY, Wife to Charles, an Indias Woman, brought from the island of St. Andrea. She may attempt to pass for a free Woman. If the above Ran aways will come in of their own accord, they shall be par doned. A reward of Five Dollars will be paid to any Person who will apprehend and deliver each of them to the Subscriber, or to his Overseer at Colerame, Long Island. WM. WYLLY. Nassau, March 18, 1800. 18 March 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH019 1 .BG18Mar1800] R an Away from the Subscriber, about the 11 th inst. a Negro Boy named BURKE, about 4 feet 6 inches high. He was formerly the Property of Mr. Samuel Lightbourn, and is well known about town. Masters of Vessels and others are cautioned against harbouring him F ive Dollars reward will be given to any person who wil [sic] deliver him to the Subscriber, and Ten Dollars to any person who will inform where he may be found. WM. GIBSON. Nassau, March 18, 1800.

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63 21 March 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH019 2 .BG21Mar1800] 87 Run Dr. Scott, deceased, and is well known in Nassau. A Reward of Ten Dollars will be paid for apprehending her. JAMES MOSS. Nassau, March 20, 1800. 28 March 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH019 3 .BG28Mar1800] Run Away a Negro Man named LAWRENCE, the Property of Mrs. SARAH HALL, he is be given for apprehending and delivering him to the Subscriber, Captains of Vessels, and others are cautioned against harbouring or carrying off the said runaway. WILLIAM HEILD Attorney to Mrs. Hall. Nassau, March 28 [1800]. 8 April 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH019 4 .BG8Apr1800] Five Dollars Reward, Runaway from the Subs criber, about a Month ago a Negroe Woman named CHARLOTTE, formerly belonging to Capt. John Petty, she is a small Woman, about eighteen years of age, very Black and has remarkable thick lips, speaks bad English. The above reward will be paid on her being lo dged in Gaol or Delivered to the Subscriber. PHILIP PICKETT. Nassau, April 9 [sic], 1800. 29 April 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH019 5 .BG29Apr1800] 88 Escaped Last night, (between the Sea and Gaol [sic], a Negro Man named TOM the property of ROBERT CUNNINGHAM Esq he is well known about Town. Whoever will lodge him in Gaol, shall receive Ten Dollars Reward, and any Person found harbouring him will be severely prosecuted. WM. BAYLISS, Pro. Mar. 87 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 25 Mar. 1800 [BAH0192b.25Mar1800]. 88 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 2 May 1800 [BAH0195b.2May1800].

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64 Nassau, April 29, 1800. 2 May 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH019 6 .BG2May1800] Ten Dollars Reward. Absented himself from the Subscriber, about five weeks ago, a Mulatto Man named PARIS, well known, about Town, a Carpenter by Trade. He has a large Scald on one of his arms. All Persons are hereby forwarned from harbouring or employin g him, without a written order from the Subscriber. Masters of Vessels are cautioned from carrying him off the Island, as they will be delt [sic] with according to Law Whoever will deliver him to the Subscriber, shall receive the above Reward. THOMAS JOH NSON. Nassau, May 1, 1800. 9 May 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 197 .BG9May1800] 89 Ten Dollars Reward. Run away from the Subscriber, a Mulatto Man, Carpenter by Trade, known by the Name of LEWIS PRICE, he formerly called himself LEWIS McLEOD, well known about To wn; all Persons are cautioned against harbouring or employing him, and Masters of Vessels from carrying him off. The above Reward will be paid on his being delivered to the Gaoler or to the Subscriber. ELIZA SMITH. Nassau, April 29, 1800. 13 May 1800 Bah ama Gazette [BAH0 198 .BG13May1800] Absented himself from the Subscriber, a Sailor Negro named JEMMY, the Property of the late WILLIAM FARR, deceased; any Person found harbouring or concealing the said Negro, will be prosecuted to the utmost rigour; and all Masters of Vessels are cautioned against taking him on Board. Any Person who can give information of, or lodge him in Gaol, will be paid Ten Dollars reward, by H. WOOD, Executor. Nassau, May 13, 1800. 89 See also clear copy, Bahama Gazette 13 May 1800 [BAH0197b.13May1800].

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65 13 May 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 199 .BG13May1800] Esc aped Out of Custody, a Negro Man named TOBY, the property of Doctor FORBES, he is well known in this Town, Whoever will lodge him in Jail, shall be satisfied for their trouble, and any Person found harbouring him, will be prosecuted. WM. BAYLIS, Pro. Mar. Nassau, May 9, 1800. 20 May 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH020 0 .BG20May1800] Ran Away from the Subscriber, a New Negro Wench named BETTY, she is Tall, very Slender, with large Eyes, and speaks English very indifferently. 90 Whoever will deliver her to the Subscri ber, shall receive Ten Dollars Reward. MARY CASHIN. Nassau, May 20, 1800. 27 May 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH020 1 .BG27May1800] Five Dollars Reward. Run Away from the Subscriber, on Sunday the [ illeg. ] inst. two New Negro Men, the one named DINGLE, a tall sle nder Fellow with a great stoop, the other RANDON, stouter made, with several heavy scars, on his Cheek. 91 Both had on Check Shirts, Duck Frocks and Trowsers. The above Reward will be paid on delivery of the Negroes in Town to Mr. George Accord, Mr. John Add ison, or Mr. Thomas Hollowood, or to the Subscriber. PATRICK VAUGHAN. May 23 [1800]. 27 May 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH020 2 .BG27May1800] 90 The most recent recorded shipment of enslaved Africans was advertised in the Bahama Gazette on April 4, 18 00 [scnNewAfr27]: Just imported, in the ship George Captain Kelsall, from the Windward Coast of Africa, 260 Negroes. James Moss. 4 April 1800. Cf. The George Capt. Richard Kelsall, from Liverpool via Cape Mount [Windward Coast], disembarking 260 slaves f rom 2 April 1800; ID#81597, TAST (1999). 91 The most recent recorded shipment of enslaved Africans was advertised in the Bahama Gazette on April 4, 1800 [scnNewAfr27]: Just imported, in the ship George Captain Kelsall, from the Windward Coast of Africa, 260 Negroes. James Moss. 4 April 1800. Cf. The George Capt. Richard Kelsall, from Liverpool via Cape Mount [Windward Coast], disembarking 260 slaves from 2 April 1800; ID#81597, TAST (1999).

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66 Ran Away from the Subscriber, the 26th inst. a Negro Wench named PINDER, formerly the Property of Mr. W. Anderson. The s aid Negro is supposed to be harboured to the Westward. She has been in this Country about Eight Months, speaks pretty good English. Ten Dollars Reward will be paid on her being delivered to the Gaoler; and Forty Dollars Reward will be paid to any Person, w ho will give information who harbours the said Negro. WM. JAMES. Nassau, May 27, 1800. 27 May 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH020 3 .BG27May1800] Twenty Dollars Reward. Run away from the Subscriber, two Negro Women named CHARLOTTE and SARAH. Charlotte has been abs ent upwards of three Weeks. She is slender made, has a sickly look, is about five Feet high, has been in this Country about three Years, and speaks tolerable good English. Sarah is a stout likely Wench, with a good countenance and pleasant appearance, abo ut twenty or twenty two years of age, and five Feet three or four Inches high; she speaks very little if any English, and it is doubtful if she can tell her Owner s name. Whoever will apparehend the said Negroes, or either of them, shall receive Ten Dollar s for each; and a further Reward of Ten Dollars on the conviction of any Person found harbouring, concealing, or employing them, or either of them. M. FRANKS. Nassau, May 27, 1800. 17 June 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH020 4 .BG17June1800] Twenty Dollars Reward. Run Away from the Subscriber about ten days ago a Negro Man named PROVIDENCE, about six feet high, very artful and may attempt to pass for a Free Man, all persons are forbid harbouring or concealing him, as they will be prosecuted, the above reward will b e paid upon his being delivered to the Keeper of the Gaol or to the Subscriber. OLANSTER WOLFE. June 17, 1800. 20 June 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH020 5 .BG20June1800] Five Dollars Reward. Ran Away from the Subscriber, a Negro Wench named CUBA, aged about 25 Y ears, very Black, and about five feet six inches high. The above reward will be paid, on her being delivered to JOHN THOMPSON.

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67 Nassau, June 20 [1800]. 24 June 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH020 6 .BG24June1800] Ten Dollars Reward. Absconded from the service of t he Subscriber, a Negro Woman named SUE, about forty years of age, and well known in this Place. As this Woman has gone off without any cause of complaint, and has been guilty of great insolence, she will be proceeded against as an out law, should she not r eturn to her duty, and the Person who harbours her, is discovered will assuredly be prosecuted, likewise Ten Dollars Reward, will be paid to any Person who will lodge her in the common Gaol. WILLIAM WYLLY. Nassau, June 24, 1800. 27 June 1800 Bahama Gazet te [BAH02 07 .BG27June1800] Run Away from the Subscriber s Plantation, on or about nine miles to the Westward of the town of Nassau, six Negroes, formerly the property of John Petty, Esq. deceased; viz. LEADER, the driver; FRANCK, GEORGE, BILLY, JUBA, HAMLET and his wife [WOMAN] Juba absconded on the 6th instant. Franck and Hamlet on the 22d of the same Month. Juba is short and thick, about 5 feet or upwards. Franck of a very black complexion, about 5 feet 4 inches. Hamlet, a young negro fellow, also very b lack, pitted a little with the smallpox in his face. Leader, a tall slender Negro, very black, 6 feet in height. George and Billy lads between 12 and 18 years old. At the time of absenting themselves, they were hired to Mr. Thomas Outten. Whoever will appr ehend any of the said run aways, or deliver them either to me, or to the gaoler in the town of Nassau, shall be liberally rewarded. All persons whatever, are cautioned from harbouring or concealing the said run aways, or even making purchase of any fruit, eggs, fowls, hoggs, or any thing appertaining to him, without a written pass, for such sales; as they will be prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. G. BUNCH. June 27, 1800. 1 July 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 08 .BG1July1800] Twenty Dollars Reward. Abs ented herself from the Subscriber a few Weeks ago a Young Negro Woman named MARIA, about five feet six inches high. All Persons are forwarned harbouring or employing the said Woman, as they will be punished according to Law. The above Reward will be paid t o any Person who deliver her to

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68 CHARLES BODE. July 1, 1800. 29 July 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 09 .BG29July1800] Ten Dollars Reward. Run Away from the Subscriber s House on the 25th instant, and took with her two of her Children both Boys, a Negro Wench na med PATIENCE, about twenty Years of age, about five feet six inches high, Born in this Town, and formerly belonged to Mr. John Massey, the Eldest of the Children is named SAM, about three Years old, and the Youngest DIM, about twelve Months old; now the Pr operty of WILLIAM JOHNSON of Governors Harbour Elutheira [sic], the above Reward will be paid to any Person that will deliver them to the Gaoler, or to the Subscriber. JOHN PETTY, Senior. July 29, 1800. 29 July 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH021 0 .BG29July1800] Five Dollars Reward. Ran Away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man named JACK, about 24 years of age, 5 feet seven inches high. Had on, when he went off, a red leather cap, check shirt, and a pair of duck trowsers. The above reward will be paid for his appreh ension; and a reward of twenty dollars to any person who will inform by whom he is harboured. JOHN BARTLETT. Nassau, July 29 [1800] 5 August 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH021 1 .BG5Aug1800] Ten Dollars Reward. Ran Away from the Subscriber, the 10th of July, a n egro wench named JUDA, she is slender made, and is well known about town. The above reward will be paid, on her being delivered to the gaoler; and fifty dollars reward, will be paid to any person who will give information who harbours the said negro. JOHN STILES. Nassau, August 5, 1800. 5 August 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH021 2 .BG5Aug1800]

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69 Five Dollars Reward. Absconded from the Subscriber, about ten days ago, a negro wench named AMY. Any person delivering her to the Subscriber, or to the keeper of the gaol, shall receive the above reward: And any person found harbouring her, will be prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. MICHAEL BARRY. August 5 [1800]. 12 August 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH021 3 .BG12Aug1800] Twenty Dollars reward. Run Away from the subscrib er, some time since, a negro man called CHARLES, and a woman called MARY; the former about five feet seven inches high, well made and speaks pretty good English; the latter a tall middle aged woman, who speaks no English. The above reward will be paid, upo n the delivery of the said negroes, or either of them, at the common gaol. As the subscriber has reason to think the said negroes are harboured; a further reward of twenty dollars, will be paid to any person giving information, upon conviction of the offen der. V. MATHEWS. August 11, 1800. 26 August 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH021 4 .BG26Aug1800] Run Away from the subscriber, a few weeks ago, a negro wench named DIANNA, about thirty five years of age, 5 feet 5 inches high, and of a yellow complexion. She speaks very good English, being a native of this country, and having some relations, and many acquaintances, it is suspected she is harboured. A reward of ten dollars, will be given to any person delivering her to the subscriber at Camperdown farm, or lodging her with the keeper of the gaol. Information being given of her being harboured, a further reward of ten dollars will be given, on conviction of the offender. JOHN ANDERSON. Camperdown farm, August 26 [1800]. 30 September 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH021 5 .BG30Se pt1800] Run Away from the Subscriber, a Mulatto man named MIKE DEVRAUX alias ARMSTRONG, who is well known as an idle vagabond, and it is supposed will endeavour to get to the Continent, where he alledges he was born free. A reward of ten pounds will be pai d to any person who will take the trouble to lodge him in gaol. JOHN ARMSTRONG. Nassau, September 30, 1800.

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70 3 October 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 1 6 .BG3Oct1800] Ten Dollars Reward. Run Away from the subscriber, a Negro wench named PEGGY, and carried with h er, her child, a girl [GIRL] about a twelve month old. She calls herself PEG MORGAN, and has been hiring herself about town as a washer, saying she had liberty to work out, and bring wages. She is about 5 feet 4 inches high, very stout, and has remarkable coarse features. Whoever will deliver her to the gaoler or the subscriber, shall receive the above reward. GEO. MURRAY. Nassau, October 3 [1800]. 14 October 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 1 7 .BG14Oct1800] Five Hundred Dollars reward, Run Away from the Grand Ca icos, on the night of the 9th of September, in a small one mast boat, Fourteen Negroes, as follows. HARRY, an American negro, a short stout young man, a good boatman, and has worked some time at the sail making business, talks very quick and pert. ABIGAIL, his wife, a likely stout young woman, American born, speaks in nearly the same manner as Harry her husband, with JACK, HECTOR, and HANNAH, her children. Jack, about 5 years old, of rather a stupid look; Hector, about 3 years old; Hannah, about 2 years old both [sic] very fine promising negro children. JUPITER, a tall, stout raw boned young negro of the Fulla country; speaks pretty good English; has a sullen look. PENDAR, his wife, an American born; has a serious look and a cast in her eyes, with STEPHEN, her son, about 3 years old; has a very old look for his age, and much resembles his mother in feature. PETE, an American born, a fine promising young man, about 5 feet 5 inches high, always appears cheerful; has high cheek bones. ABRAHAM, an American born, a likely young man, has rather a sullen look. FRANK, a Fulla negro, has a long visage, a sullen look, and bad teeth; speaks pretty good English. JEM, a mulatto young man, his face full of small pimples, a down cast look. SAM, a stout middle aged man, a ne gro, pretends to be something of a mason. JACK, a thin, ordinary looking negro, speaks very quick, and very bad English; is supposed to be taken away by force, as he was sent to look after them, and has never been seen or heard of since; about 5 feet 9 inc hes high, Has acted as a driver for some years. Whoever will apprehend the aforesaid negroes, and deliver them unto Messrs. Bain and Webster, in Nassau, or at the Grand Caicos, to Wade Stubbs, Esq or the Subscriber, shall receive the above reward, with all reasonable charges, or in proportion for any one or more of them, and any information respecting the said negroes, will be thanfully received by JAMES HYATT. [n.d.]

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71 24 Oct ober 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 1 8 .BG24Oct1800] Run Away on Sunday last, a Negro Ma n named GEORGE, the Property of Mr. THEODORE ALEXANDER. He is a stout well made fellow, about five feet ten inches high, smooth face, talks thick and not very good English; had on when he went away, a Nankeen Jacket and Trowsers. He will endeavour to get t o Long Island, therefore all Masters of Vessels are cautioned against taking him off. A reward of Ten Dollars will be given to any Person who will deliver him to the Subscriber, or lodge him in Gaol. W. K. ALEXANDER. [n.d.] 7 November 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 19 .BG7Nov1800] Five Dollars reward, Run Away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man named JACK. He is a New Negro, purchased at Mr. Moss s Sales. 92 The Subscriber has reason to believe that the said Negro is harboured and employed, he therefore gives notic e, that unless the Negro is delivered up, and his wages paid, he will immediately proceed as the Law directs in such cases. JOSEPH MOXEY. Nassau, November 7 [1800]. 21 November 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH022 0 .BG21Nov1800] Apprehended at the Look Out Farm, o n Sunday last, a New Negro Man [MAN] who cannot tell his Owner s name. 93 He is a likely stout Negro, with a pleasing countenance, and appears to be from twenty, to twenty five years of age. The Owner is requested to pay for this Advertisement, with a small gratuity to my Negroes, for feeding and taking care of him, and take him away. JOSEPH SMITH. November 21 [1800]. 92 The most recent advertisement for newly arrived Africans to be sold by James Moss, was Bahama Gazette 4 April 1800 [scnNewAfr27]: Just imported, in the ship George Captain Kelsall, from the Windward Coast of Africa, 260 Negroes. James Moss. 4 April 1800. Cf. The George Capt. Richard Kelsall, from Liverpool via Ca pe Mount [Windward Coast], disembarking 260 slaves from 2 April 1800; ID#81597, TAST (1999). 93 The most recent advertisement for sales of newly imported Africans was Bahama Gazette 16 Sept. 1800 [scnNewAfr29]: Public auction, 54 Prime Slaves, and the slo op Fanny condemned in the court of vice admiralty, to the private vessel of war Jason and others. Terms cash. Hunter, Murray and Co. 15 Sept. 1800. Cf. The Vice Admiralty Court prize, the Fanny Capt. Nat Ingraham, from Newport, Rhode Island via Africa [ unspecified], disembarking 54 slaves from August 1800; ID#36733, TAST (1999).

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72 2 December 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH022 1 .BG2Dec1800] Four Pounds reward. Run Away from the Subscriber, on the 26th last month, a Negro Man la tely from the Coast of Africa, called JEMMY. He is about 5 feet nine inches high, well made, speaks very little English, has lost the front teeth of his lower jaw, bears the marks of a wound on his forehead, and seems to be about forty years old. His dress when he went away, was a Striped Shirt, Oznaburgh Trowsers and Red Vest. The above reward will be paid to any Person who will lodge the said Runaway in Goal [sic], or deliver him to his Owner in Union Street. GEORGE BOND. Nassau, December 2 [1800]. 2 D ecember 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH022 2 .BG2Dec1800] Five Dollars Reward. Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro Man named MARK, Guinea born, has been three years in these Islands, speaks bad English. Any person who may secure the said Negro and deliver him to the Subscriber, shall receive the above reward. BEN. NEWTON. December 2 [1800]. 16 December 1800 Bahama Gazette [BAH022 3 .BG16Dec1800] Escaped last night from Goal [sic], by breaking through a Window, A Negro Man named JEM, the Property of the Honorable T HOMAS FORBES. Also escaped over the top of the same place, An American Taylor named John Potts. Whoever will lodge them or either of them in said Goal [sic], shall be liberally rewarded for their trouble, and any Person found harbouring them, will be prose cuted. W. BAYLISS, P. M. December 15 [1800]. 7 August 1804 Royal Gazette [BAH02 2 4 .RG7Aug1804] Five Dollars Reward. Absented herself, a Negro Wench named LIDDY, formerly the property of Mrs. Miller, but now the property of the subscriber. The above reward will be paid on apprehending or delivering said

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73 Wench at the common jail, or Ten Dollars upon conviction of her being harboured by either white or black. JAMES HOLLYWOOD. August 7 [1804]. 4 September 1804 Royal Gazette [BAH02 2 5 .RG4Sept1804] Five Dollars Reward. Absconded from the subscriber a negro Man, named DAVY, well known about town. A Reward of Five Dollars is offered for his apprehension. He is a sea faring man, and all persons are forewarned from harbouring him. HUGH DEAN. Nassau, September 4 [180 4]. 7 September 1804 Royal Gazette [BAH02 2 6 .RG7Sept1804] Eight Dollars Reward. Absented themselves on the 27 th ult. three negro seaman, viz. JESSE, aged about 23 years, and 6 feet in height. JOE, about 28 years, and 5 feet 6 inches in height, both remark ably black, the property of Mr. MICHAEL DEANE, of Turks Islands; and ROBIN, aged about 34 years, 5 feet 6 inches in height, and of a yellowish complexion, the property of Mr. THOMAS PRUDDEN, of Turks Islands. The above reward will be paid for each of the s aid slaves, which shall be delivered to the keeper of the Gaol in Nassau; and as it is supposed they will endeavour to get off in some vessel bound for America, a further reward of Fifty Dollars will be paid to any person who will give such information tha t will lead to a conviction of any white person, having harboured or carried either of those slaves out of this Government. WM. DEANE. September 7 [1804]. 2 November 1804 Royal Gazette [BAH02 2 7 .RG2Nov1804] A Run Away. Ran away on Monday last, a Negro Man named BARRY, formerly the property of John Pinder, he is so well known about town as to render a description of him unnecessary. Masters of Vessels and others, are cautioned against harbouring, employing, or carrying him off these Islands. JOHN EDGECOMBE. November 2 [1804].

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74 2 November 1804 Royal Gazette [BAH02 2 8 .RG2Nov1804] Fifty Dollars Reward. MOUNTJOY and SAMBO. The above reward will be paid to any person informing by whom t hey are harboured, or Twenty Dollars for apprehending either of them. HUGH DEAN. November 2 [1804]. 23 November 1804 Royal Gazette [BAH02 29 .RG23Nov1804] Run Away, a few days past, a Negro Man, by the name of JOE, formerly the property of Mr. Chipchase he is about 5 feet 8 inches high, with a scar in his face; he is of a yellow complexion. Whoever will lodge him in any jail shall receive a reward of Ten Dollars. Masters of vessels and other persons are forbid harbouring or taking him off these Islands. EDW WHITE. November 23 [1804]. 9 April 1805 Royal Gazette [BAH02 3 0 .RG9Apr1805] 94 Five Dollars Reward. Absented himself a negro man named JOE LOVE, a Ship Carpenter well known about Town. The above reward will be given to any person who will lodge him in gao l or deliver him to the Subscriber. PETER DELAVAUX. April 9 [1805]. 24 September 1805 Royal Gazette [BAH02 3 1 .RG24Sept1805] Ten Dollars Reward. Absented himself, from the brig Minerva, early yesterday morning, a negro slave named JACK, about 5 feet 6 inch es high, stout made, and much marked with the small pox, had on, [blue] trowsers and a white shirt. All masters of vessels are hereby cautioned against harbouring or carrying the said slave [ torn]. The above reward will be paid on delivering him to the ma ster on board, or [to] George Butler. 94 See also clear copy, Royal Gazette 12 April 1805 [BAH0230b.RG12Apr1805].

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75 HENRY BROOKIN. Sept. 24 [1805]. 31 December 1805 Royal Gazette [BAH02 3 2 .RG31Dec1805] Twenty Dollars Reward. Ran away from the subscriber, on Wednesday last, a negro man named LEWIS, about 5 feet 6 inches high, has a remarkable large scar under his throat, from its having been cut. Masters of vessels and others, are forwarned from taking him off the island. The above reward will be paid to any person who will deliver him to the keeper of the jail, or to THOMAS JOHNSON December 10 [1805]. 27 June 1806 Royal Gazette [BAH02 3 3 .RG27June1806] Ten Pounds Reward. Ran away a Negro Woman Slave, named CHARLOTTE, late the property of Wm. Barton, and well known about town; has been absent about four weeks; a reward of Five Dolla rs will be paid to any person delivering her up to the keeper of the common goal [sic]. An offer of purchase having been made a few days since, at the risk of finding the said slave, it is presumed she is harboured in or about town. A further reward of the above Ten Pounds will therefore be paid by the subscriber, to any person or persons giving information to effect the conviction of such offenders. JOHN PHILIP TRAUB. June 27 [1806]. 29 August 1806 Royal Gazette [BAH02 3 4 .RG29Aug1806] 20 Dollars Reward. R an away from the schooner Resolution, a Negro Man named BILL, born in the state of Virginia, about 23 years of age of a yellow complexion, thick lips, speaks slow, has a rough voice he is well known about town, being brought in here some time ago in said s chooner. As it is likely he may try to pass for a free man, all persons are forewarned from harbouring or carrying him off the island. The above reward will be paid on the said Negro being delivered to the gaoler or to the subscribers. [,] MILLAR, CRAIGIE & CO. August 29 [1806].

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76 5 September 1806 Royal Gazette [BAH02 3 5 .RG5Sept1806] Absconded, From the Subscriber, some time since, A Negro Woman Named CHLOE FERGUSON, well known in town. As she is supposed to be harboured, Thirty Dollars r eward will be given to any person or persons giving information of those harbouring her; and Ten Dollars will be given, on delivering the said Wench to the Keeper of the Gaol, or to HENRY RICHARDS. September 5 [1806]. 21 October 1806 Royal Gazette [BAH0 2 3 6 .RG21Oct1806] Ranaway, From the Subscriber, a negro fellow, named TOM, by trade a ship Carpenter; and well known about Town. A reward of Five Dollars will be given for apprehending, and lodging him in gaol. H. DEAN. Oct. 21 [1806]. 21 Oct ober 1806 Ro yal Gazette [BAH02 3 7 .RG21Oct1806] Absented. From the Subscriber, on the 26 th of Aug. last, a Negro Man named KING, well known about Town. Ten Dollars reward will be paid to any person that will deliver the said runaway to the subscriber, or to the keeper o f the common goal [sic], as it is well known that he must be harboured and encouraged by some person or persons on this island, the further sum of Twenty Dollars will be paid to any person who will give true information thereof, so that they may be brought to just punishment. ALEX. WILDGOOS. Oct. 21 [1806]. 95 2 April 1807 Royal Gazette [BAH02 3 8 .RG2Apr1807] 95 For later occurrence of running away, see Royal Gazette 9 Sept. 1807 [BAH0237b.RG9Sept1807]: Four teen Dollars Reward. Absented himself about the middle of last month, a Negro Man named KING, well known about this town. A reward of Six Dollars will be paid to any person or persons who will apprehend the said Negro and deliver him to the keeper of the c ommon gaol. A further sum of Eight Dollars will be paid on giving information of any person harbouring him, by applying to the subscriber. ALEX. WILDGOOS. Sept. 9 [1807].

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77 Fifty Dollars Reward. Ran away from the Subscriber, [a] negro man named JIM BEAU; [he is] well known about town, and was [ illeg. ] a few days since at An dros [Island] the above reward will be paid to [any] person or persons apprehending and lodging him in gaol. Likewise a reward of One Hundred Dollars will be paid to any person who shall inform the Subscriber of any person or person harbouring him, or [ ill eg. ] him off these Islands. HUGH DEANE. March 30 [807]. 20 April 1807 Royal Gazette [BAH02 39 .RG20Apr1807] Five Dollars Reward. Ranaway from the subscriber, a Negro Girl, named SARAH, about fifteen years of age, formerly the property of Enoch Hopson, dece ased. The above reward will be paid to any person who will lodge her in the common jail or deliver her to ROBERT BELL. April 16 [1807]. 14 May 1807 Royal Gazette [BAH02 4 0 .RG14May1807] by trade a concealed himself in town, from an aversion to go to the country to his master on Exuma. Any person delivering him to the Keeper of the Public Jail, or to the subscriber shall be rewarded for their trouble, or for information if harboured in town. THOMAS FORBES. April 27 [1807]. 11 June 1807 Royal Gazette [BAH02 4 1 .RG11June1807] Absconded From the Subscriber, about ten days since, a Negro Man, named JOH N BATIST He is a tall slender made man with large full eyes. He keeps a wife in the yard of the Hon. Thomas Forbes, Esq. by the name of Barb, and is well known about the town and its vicinity. Any person who will deliver him to the Keeper of the Public Jai l, or to the Subscriber, shall be rewarded for their trouble. All persons are forewarned from harbouring, employing or carrying him off this Island. PAUL LIGHTBOURN. June 11 [1807].

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78 25 June 1807 Royal Gazette [BAH02 4 2 .RG25June1807] Absconded From her own er, A Negro Woman, Named PHOEBE BUNCH, well known about Town; she has for some time past eluded the search of Constables and others and is supposed to be harboured in some part of the Negro Town. A Reward of Five Dollars will be paid, on her being delivere d to the Keeper of the Gaol, or the High Constable. Apply at the Printing Office. June 25 [1807]. 15 July 1807 Royal Gazette [BAH02 4 3 .RG15July1807] Ran Away, From the Subscriber, a Negro Man, named JERRY, about six feet high, well known in town Any perso n harbouring him will be prosecuted, and masters of vessels and others are cautioned against carrying him off the Island. A reward will be given to any person lodging him in gaol or bringing him to H. & J. WOOD. June 15 [1807]. 8 August 1807 Royal Gazett e [BAH02 4 4 .RG8Aug1807] Five Dollars Reward, Ran away from the Subscriber, About two weeks past a Negro Wench named MOLLY, about five feet high; slender made; she is of the Ebo country, has a yellow complexion, full face with a scar on each side, and speaks bad English, any person bringing her to the Common Gaol at Nassau will receive the above reward. JOSEPH BARNET. August 8 [1807]. 8 August 1807 Royal Gazette [BAH02 4 5 .RG8Aug1807] Ran away from the Subscriber, A young Negro by the name of ISAAC OUTTEN, ab out 20 years of age; It is supposed he has gone off in a Spanish licensed trader from this place, on board of which vessel he was employed as a carpenter, and is well known about Town, speaks the Spanish language remarkably well, whoever can give informati on of him will receive a handsome reward. MARY OUTTEN.

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79 August 8 [1807]. 26 August 1807 Royal Gazette [BAH02 4 6 .RG26Aug1807] Five Dollars Reward, Ran away from the Subscriber, a Negro Woman named DINA MAJOR, the property of Capt. SAMUEL SERGEANT; she is bl ind of an eye, and of a yellowish complexion. The above reward will be paid to any person lodging her in the common gaol or delivering her to the Subscriber and Fifteen Dollars if proved to conviction that any white or free person has employed or harboured her. JAMES HOLLYWOOD. August 26 [1807]. 96 19 September 1807 Royal Gazette [BAH02 4 7 .RG19Sept1807] Five Dollars Reward. Ran away from the subscriber, about fifteen days since, a Negro Man, named CYRUS, well known about town, and particularly at the Creek, having attended a wood cart for some months past. The above reward will be paid to any person who shall safely lodge him in the common jail of Nassau. M. E. KELSALL. Sept. 19 [1807]. 7 November 1807 Royal Gazette [BAH02 4 8 .RG7Nov1807] Forty Dollars Reward Ran away from the subscriber, about sixteen days ago, a Negro Man, named SAM, well known about town, stout made & marked with the small pox; it is supposed he is gone off in some American vessel The above reward will be paid on giving information of the said Negro so as he may be apprehended, or on lodging him in the common gaol. JOHN BURN. Nov. 7 [1807]. 96 For later occurrence of running away, see Royal Gazette 3 Feb. 1808 [BAH0246b.RG3 Feb1808]: Five Dollars Reward. Runaway some time ago a Negro Woman named DINAH MAJOR, the property of Capt. SERGEANT, she is well known about Town; is blind of one eye, and of a yellow complexion. The above reward will be paid on delivering her to the Subs criber, and Twenty Dollars over and above that reward on conviction of any White, or Free Person of Color, having harbored or employed her. JAMES HOLLYWOOD. Jan. 30 [1808].

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80 2 January 1808 Royal Gazette [BAH02 49 .RG2Jan1808] Three Dollars Reward. Absented himself on the night of the 27 th of last month, a New Negro Man, of a yellowish complexion, who calls himself TOM FREEMAN; he had on when he went away, a red flannel shirt and blue trowsers. The above reward will be given to any person who will apprehend and deliver him to W. FARRINGTON. Jan. 2 [1808]. 13 January 1808 Roy al Gazette [BAH02 5 0 .RG13Jan1808] Twenty Dollars Reward. On Sunday, the 3d of January inst. a Negro Boy named JOHN or JACK, (who formerly belonged to the Estate of Mr. Wright, of Long Island, where he was born,) [sic] eloped from my quarters in Fort Nassau, and has not since returned. He is a stout made boy about fifteen years old, five feet two inches high, remarkably intelligent, a very good house servant and speaks English fluently. Whoever secures said Negro Boy and lodges him with the Gaoler of Nassau, or will bring him to Messrs. Bain and Webster, shall receive the above reward. GEO. LIDWILL, Lieut. 99 th Reg. Fort Nassau, Jan. 13 [1808]. 97 19 March 1808 Royal Gazette [BAH02 5 1 .RG19Mar1808] Absented himself from the Subscriber, A New Negro Boy named NEWP ORT, a bout five feet high, has a country mark on each cheek; about 18 years of age, and is well known about town. A Reward of Five Dollars is offered to any one who will lodge him in gaol or deliver him to BENJAMIN LIGHTBOURN. March 19 [1808]. 98 97 For later occurrence, see Royal Gazette 11 Feb 1809 [BAH0250b.RG11Feb1809]: Te n Dollars Reward, Absented himself from the Subscriber on the night of the 18 th of Jan. last, a Negro Boy named JOHN. He is well made, about 17 years of age, had on when he went away, a shirt and trowsers made of Russia Sheeting. He formerly belonged to Mr George Lidwell, lieut. in H. M. 99 th Regiment and well known about Town. Whoever will lodge him in Jail shall receive the above reward. All masters of vessels and others are hereby cautioned against harbouring, employing or carrying him off the Island. T HOMAS BARR. Feb. 11 [1809]. 98 For variation, see Royal Gazette 23 Apr. 1808 [BAH0251b.RG23Apr1808]:

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81 5 April 1 808 Royal Gazette [BAH02 5 2 .RG5Apr1808] Five Dollars Reward. Absconded from on board the government armed vessel John Bull, on Friday night the 25 th of March last, a Negro Man named JACK, generally known by the name of JACK McDOUGAL; he is a stout good look ing negro, speaks French, and usually has a coloured handkerchief tied on his head; lately purchased by the Subscriber from Mr. John Saunders, of Abaco. All persons are hereby cautioned from harboring the said negro or taking him off the Island. The above reward will be given to any person apprehending him, and delivering him to the subscriber, or to the keeper of the common gaol. ALEX. M. EDWARDS. April 6 [sic] [1808] 9 April 1808 Royal Gazette [BAH02 5 3 .RG9Apr1808] Five Dollars reward, Absconded from th e Subscriber a negro woman named PHILLIS, who is well known about town; whoever will lodge her in goal [sic], will receive the above reward, and whoever may be found harboring her will be punished according to law. WM. BAYLIS. April 9 [1808]. 30 April 18 08 Royal Gazette [BAH02 5 4 .RG30Apr1808] Ten Dollars Reward. Ran away from the subscriber, about two weeks ago, a Negro Man named YORK, about five feet five inches high and stout made. The above reward will be paid on apprehending the said Negro and deliveri ng him to the keeper of the gaol, or to JOHN LOGAN. April 30 [1808]. 6 July 1808 Royal Gazette Absented himself from the Subscriber, A New Negro Boy named NEWPORT, 18 years of age, about five feet high, has a country mark on each cheek, and is well known about town. A reward of Ten Dollars is offered to any one who will lodge him in gaol or deliver him to BENJAMIN LIGHTBOURN. April 23 [1808].

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82 [BAH02 5 5 .RG6July1808] Twelve Dollars Reward. Ran away from the Subscriber on the 3d May last, A Negro Woman named ELLEN, sometimes called by the name of DIANA, formerly the property of a Mr. Johnson at the Eastward. The above reward will be paid on the delivery of her to the subscriber, or at the Common Gaol. All persons are hereby forewarned from harbouring the above negro woman, on pain of being prosecuted. A. BLANCHARD, Captain 7 th W.I.R. July 6 [1808]. 6 July 1808 Royal Gazette [BAH02 5 6 .RG6July1808] Eight Dollars Reward, Ran Away from the Subscriber, about two weeks ago, a negro Wench named PHILLIS, about 20 years of age; had on when she went away, a chocol ate coloured wrapper and oznaburg under cloaths she is supposed to be harboured about the Barracks Any person bringing her to the subscriber or giving information where she is harboured, shall receive Four Dollars reward. WILLIAM McKENNEY. July 2 [1808]. 10 September 1808 Royal Gazette [BAH02 5 7 .RG10Sept1808] 25 Dollars Reward, th August last; in a boat, a Mulatto Man about 19 or 20 years old named DAMON, the property of Dr. COAKLEY; h e is about 5 feet 9 or 10 inches high, and branded on the breast I.C. Also a Negro Man about 24 years old named JACK, the property of the Subscriber; he is an African born, about 5 feet 8 or 9 inches high and slim made. The above reward will be paid for ea ch or either of the above run aways and their being apprehended and delivered to the Subscriber, or lodged in the Common Gaol. BURTON WILLIAMS. September 10 [1808]. 10 September 1808 Royal Gazette [BAH02 5 8 .RG10Sept1808] Thirty Dollars Reward, Ran Away, f rom on board the brig Report, from Charleston. A Negro Fellow named JACK, but passes here by the name of JACOB STUART. He is short and stout built, full face, marked with the small pox. He was here about three years ago, and may attempt to pass himself as a free man.

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83 The above reward will be paid to any person on delivering him to the keeper of the Common Gaol, or to BAIN & WEBSTER. September 10 [1808]. 17 September 1808 Royal Gazette [BAH0 2 59 .RG17Sept1808] Five Dollars Reward, Absconded from the Subscrib er, A Negro Woman, named MARIA, A native of Jamaica. She is marked NEL on the right breast and SON on the left. The above reward will be paid to any one who will lodge her in jail. BENJ. TYNES. Sept. 17 [1808]. 2 November 1808 Royal Gazette [BAH0 26 0 .RG2N ov1808] Five Dollars Reward, Absented himself from the Subscriber, a negro named JOHN, about 21 years old, the property of WILLIAM DEANE, Esq. he is well known about town, by the name of JOHN McHARDY, having belonged to Mr. McHARDY some years ago. Whoever will lodge him in Jail, shall receive the above reward. Masters of vessels and others are cautioned against employing him, or carrying him off the Island. BENJAMIN TYNES. November 2 [1808]. 21 January 1809 Royal Gazette [BAH0 26 1 .RG21Jan1809] Absconded, F rom the Subscriber about three weeks since, A Stout Likely Negro Boy named PHILIP, late the property of Mr. Robert Weir. A reward of six dollars will be paid on apprehending the said Negro, and delivering him to the Subscriber. GEORGE HUYLER. Jan. 18 [1809 ]. 11 March 1809 Royal Gazette [BAH0 26 2 .RG11Mar1809] Five Dollars Reward,

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84 Runaway from the Subscriber on the 8 th inst. a negro man named TOM, formerly the property of Charles Stewart, and well known about Town. Whoever will deliver the said negro to the keeper of the Jail, or to the Subscriber, shall receive the above reward. WM. G. FULFORD. March 11 [1809]. 18 March 1809 Royal Gazette [BAH0 26 3 .RG18Mar1809] Notice. o man named BRISTER, the property of JNO. BOOTLE, formerly the property of Mr. J. Tinker; whoever will apprehend the said Negro, and lodge him in the common gaol, shall receive a reward of Five Dollars. [W. C. RANSOM, Jailer] March 18 [1809]. 7 June 18 09 Royal Gazette [BAH0 26 4 .RG7June1809] Five Dollars Reward. Absented himself from the subscriber, on the 26th of May last, a Negro Man named POMPEE He is about 5 feet 4 inches high, well made, about 22 years of age, of a thin visage and has his teeth filed Hand on when he went away a check shirt, oznaburgh trowsers, and blue jacket. He formerly belonged to Captain Thomas Johnson. Whoever will lodge him in jail shall receive the above reward. All masters of vessels, and others are cautioned against harbouri ng, employing or carrying him off the island. JOHN THOMPON [sic]. June 7 [1809]. 2 August 1809 Royal Gazette [BAH0 26 5 .RG2Aug1809] Five Dollars Reward. Ran away from the Subscriber, about 3 weeks ago, a Negro Boy named HARRY, about five feet four inches h igh he is well known about town as a cart driver. The above reward will be paid to any person who will deliver him to the Subscriber, or the keeper of the common jail, and a farther reward will be paid to any person who will give information of his being h arbored. ALEX. WILDGOOS. August 2 [1809].

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85 6 September 1809 Royal Gazette [BAH0 26 6 .RG6Sept1809] Ran Away. From on board the government felucca John Bull; on the 24 th Man named ESSECK, formerly the property of Mr. Geor ge Whitehead, and well known about town by the name of ESSECK JONES. Any person or persons found harbouring him, will be prosecuted, and all masters of vessels are forwarned from taking him off the Island. A Reward of Ten Dollars will be paid to any person who will lodge him in any jail, or deliver him to W. G. FULFORD. Sept. 6 [1809]. 20 September 1809 Royal Gazette [BAH0 26 7 .RG20Sept1809] Five Dollars Reward, Ran away from the Subscriber some time since a coloured man named SYLVESTER, six feet high, bush y hair, had on when he went away a red shirt and a pair of duck trowsers, speaks good French and Spanish, from which circumstance it is supposed he may be induced to run away in one of the transports carrying away the troops. Any Person or Persons found ha rboring will be prosecuted according to law, and any person who will lodge him in jail or deliver him to the Subscriber will receive the above reward. All masters of vessels are cautioned from carrying him off the Island. LUCRETIA FERNANDER. September 20 [ 1809]. 11 October 1809 Royal Gazette [BAH0 26 8 .RG11Oct1809] Five Dollars Reward Ran away from the subscriber, on Saturday morning last, a Negro Woman named MARY, formerly the property of Mrs. Slater. Any person or persons found harbouring her will be pros ecuted according to law, and any person who will lodge her in jail, or deliver her to the subscriber will receive the above reward. S. CONNOR, Lieut. 2d E.G.C. October 11 [1809]. 28 October 1809 Royal Gazette [BAH0 2 69 .RG28Oct1809] Ran Away From the Subsc riber, a Negro Man named JAMES, generally called JAMES COOK. A reward of Five Dollars will be given to any person who will apprehend and put him in goal

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86 [sic] or deliver him to the Subscriber, and a further reward of Five Dollars to any person lodging info rmation where he may be found harboured. MARY PELL. October 28 [1809]. 4 November 1809 Royal Gazette [BAH0 27 0 .RG4Nov1809] Five Dollars Reward. Ran away from the Subscriber, on the 27 th of October last, a Negro Man, named PETER HOLLYWOOD: He is well known in and about town. The said slave is a member of the Society called Baptists, and is supposed to be harboured by some of the fraternity. Twenty Dollars, in addition to the above Reward, will be given on conviction of any white person, or free man of colou r, harbouring the said slave; and the above reward paid by delivering him to the Subscriber, or lodging him in the common jail. JAMES HOLLYWOOD. Nov. 1 [1809]. 22 November 1809 Royal Gazette [BAH0 27 1 .RG22Nov1809] Five Dollars Reward. Ran away from the Su bscriber, about 5 weeks ago, a Negro Man his Wife and Child (formerly the property of James Kelly, Esq. deceased [sic], viz. TOM, AMELIA, & TOM. The above reward will be given for apprehending, and lodging them in jail, or delivering them to the subscriber As there is some suspicion of their having gone off the Island, a further reward of Fifteen Dollars will be given to any person who will give information where they may be found, or who carried them away. JOHN ANDERSON. Nov. 1 [1809]. 9 January 1812 Ba hama Gazette [BAH02 7 2 .BG9Jan1812] Absconded, An African Apprenticed Girl, 99 named LOUISA, about 12 years of age. All persons are hereby warned against harboring her; and any person bringing her home will be suitably rewarded, by 99 As part of the British suppression of the slave trade, between 1811 and 1838 nearly 4,900 recaptured Afri cans intended for Cuba were liberated and landed in the Bahamas. By Order in Council of March 1808, recaptives were employed by the West India Regiment or by the British Navy or were apprenticed by the Customs Office to planters in the colony. See Howard J ohnson, The Bahamas From Slavery to Servitude, 1783 1933 (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1996), p.55.

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87 WALTER FINLAY. Jan. 9 [1812 ]. 16 January 1812 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 7 3 .BG16Jan1812] Absconded, A Negro Girl about fifteen years of age, named PATIENCE, all persons are warned against harboring her or carrying her off this Island. A reward of Five Dollars will be given to any person who will lodge her in prison or deliver her to THOS. CATTO. Jan. 15 [1812]. 14 June 1812 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 7 4 .BG14June1812] Ran Away, from the sch. Harriot, John Mason, master, on Thursday night the 27 th May last, when laying in the harbor of the Hav ana, a Negro Man named MOTT, and who formerly belonged to Mr. Thos. Johnson of Eleuthera, has a small scar on his lip, and large one on his leg, about 6 feet high, and of a very black complexion. Fifty Dollars reward will be paid on his being delivered to the keeper of the Jail in Nassau. JAMES MOSS. June 14 [1812[. 23 August 1812 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 7 5 .BG23Aug1812] Absconded. A Negro Man named DICK MAJOR, about 45 years of age and 5 feet 4 or 5 inches high, of a thin visage and somewhat tawny complexion A reward of five dollars will be paid on his being delivered to the subscriber or to the keeper of the Jail. Masters of vessels and all other persons are hereby forwarned from harboring him or taking him off this Island. W. G. FULFORD. August 22 [1812]. 14 January 1813 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 7 6 .BG14Jan1813] Runaway From the Subscriber, about a month ago, a Negro man named TONY, about five feet five inches high, of a dark complection and thin face, and formerly belonged to Mr. Amos

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88 Bullard at the Creek; a reward of five dollars will be paid to any person who will lodge him in Jail, or give information where he may be apprehended. JACOB SIMMONS. Jan. 14 [1813]. 24 January 1813 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 7 7 .BG24Jan1813] Runaway, a Negroman [sic] Slave, named HARR Y, formerly belonging to the late Doctor Collie, and now the property of the Subscriber. He is about 25 years of age, stout and well made. A Reward of five Dollars will be paid to the person or persons apprehending and delivering him to the keeper of the J ail, or to P. KENNEDY. Jan. 23 [1813]. 100 21 March 1813 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 7 8 .BG21Mar1813] 100 Dlls. Reward Runaway From the Subscriber, on the 17 th inst. a Negro Man named BAPTIST, a sail maker by trade, yellow complexion, about 5 feet high the first jo int of the little finger of the left hand is off. The above reward will be paid to any one giving information of any person harboring him or carrying him off this island. FRED. FINE. March 20 [1813]. 23 May 1813 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 79 .BG23May1813] 5 Dol ls. Reward. Ranaway from the subscriber on Friday last, a Mulatto Slave named SEALY. Any person lodging the said Slave in jail, shall receive the above reward, and any person found harboring her will be prosecuted to the utmost rigor of the law. JOHN SYMMO NETT. May 22 [1813]. 100 For variation, see Bahama Gazette 25 Mar. 1813 [BAH0277b.BG25Mar1813]: 10 Dolls. Reward Runaway A Negro Man named HARRY, formerly belonging to the late Dr. Collie, and now the property of the subscriber. He is about 40 years of age, stout and well made. The above reward will be paid to any person apprehending and delivering him to the keeper of the jail, or to PATRICK KENNEDY. N.B. All person s are hereby cautioned against harboring or taking him off the Island. March 25 [1813].

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89 27 May 1813 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 8 0 .BG27May1813] Committed To the Workhouse, by warrant from the Police Magistrate, three Negro Slaves, calling themselves MARY RAHMING, NELSON RAHMING, and POMPEY McHARDY, charged with having runaway respective owners, to whom they will be delivered upon payment of fees and expences. WILLIAM C. RANSOM, Supervisor. Workhouse, Nassau, May 26, 1813. 30 May 1813 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 8 1 .BG30May1813] 5 dolls. Reward, Run away from the Subscriber about four weeks ago, a Negro by the name of AZZOA, he was formerly the property of Mrs. Moncur. The above reward will be given to any person who will lodge him in Jail, or deliver him to, W. GIBS ON. May 29 [1813[. 30 May 1813 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 8 2 .BG30May1813] Commited [sic], To the Workhouse, by warrant from the Police Magistrate, three Negro Slaves, calling themselves JEFFRY and ISAAC the property of General STEWART, and ADAM, belonging to J OHN FORBES. This notice is given for the information of their respective owners, to whom they will be delivered upon payment of fees and expences. WILLIAM C. RANSOM, Supervisor. Work house, Nassau, May 28, 1813. 13 June 1813 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 8 3 .BG13J une1813] Absconded From the Hermitage Plantation, on Little Exuma, the following Negro Men slaves, the property of General Sir JOHN STUART, viz. JEM STUART, 29 years old, YOUNG MINGO, 21 years, BALA JACK, 22 years, ADOO JACK, 23 years, ABRAHAM, 23 years, a nd YOUNG PRINCE, 27 years; they are supposed to be lurking about the west end of Great Exuma. Whoever may apprehend the said Slaves, and deliver them to Mr. Joseph Musgrove at the Hermitage aforesaid,

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90 or to the Subscriber in Nassau, will be suitably reward ed. All persons are hereby cautioned against harboring the said Slaves. JOHN FORBES. June 12 [1813]. 24 June 1813 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 8 4 .BG24June1813] Runaway from the subscriber about 10 days ago, a Negro Man named JOHN, about five fe et 10 inches high, the property of WADE STUBBS, Esq. All persons are hereby forewarned from harboring him or carrying him off this Island. The above reward will be paid to any person or persons who will deliver him to the subscriber or to the keeper of the jail. JOHN J. HALL. June 24 [1813]. 15 July 1813 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 8 5 .BG15July1813] 10 Dolls. Reward. Absconded from the subscribers, [sic] yard, the morning of the 8 th inst. an elderly Negro Man Slave, of about 40 years of age, named DOMINGO speaks Spanish well, but very bad English, a stout made fellow, about 5 feet 6 or 7 inches high, had on when he went away an oznaburgh frock and duck trowsers. The above reward will be paid on his bring apprehended and delivered to the subscribers or the goaler [ sic], or proving to conviction his being harbored or employed by any free person; or Five Dollars if harbored or employed by any slave. BAIN, DUNSHEE & CO. July 15 [1813]. 19 August 1813 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 8 6 .BG19Aug1813] 10 Dolls. Reward Runaway from the Subscriber on Sunday the 8 th instant, a Negro Woman named JENNY, formerly belonging to the estate of the late Mr. Jones. All persons are hereby cautioned against harboring or employing her, as they will be punished according to law. JOHN LOGAN. August 14 [1813]. 2 September 1813 Bahama Gazette

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91 [BAH02 8 7 .BG2Sept1813] 20 Dolls. Reward Ran away from the subscriber, a Negro Man named APOLLO, about six feet high of a very black complexion, of the Senegal country, and is well known in the Western District. 101 Any person lodging him in Nassau jail shall receive the above reward. JOHN COAKLEY. Sept. 2 [1813]. 23 September 1813 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 8 8 .BG23Sept1813] Ran Away, From the Subscriber, on the 16 th instant, a Negro Man, named ALEXANDER, about 5 feet 10 inches high, of a yellowish complexion. This is to forwarn all persons from harboring or taking the said Negro, off this Island, as they will be proceeded against to the utmost rigour of the Law. JAMES McKINNY. Sept. 21 [1813]. 7 October 1813 Bahama Gaz ette [BAH02 8 9 .BG7Oct1813] 5 dolls. Reward, Ranaway from the subscriber a few days since a Negro Man named EBOE, formerly the property of Mr. Johnson, of Harbor Island. All persons are cautioned against harboring or employing the said Slave, and masters of vessels are forbid taking him off the Island. The above reward will be paid on his being delivered to the keeper of the Jail, or to the subscriber. If he returns of his own accord he will be forgiven. DAVID BETHELL. Oct. 7 [1813]. 102 101 In TAST (1999) there are only three documented shipments of slaves from Senegambia to the Bahamas before c.1813: The New Adventure from the United States via Goree [Senegambia] intended for Havana but disembarked in the Bahamas, 91 slaves from August 1798 (ID#25594); The Charlotte Capt. Fuller, via Gambia, disembarking 165 slaves from May 1799 (ID#80806); The Eleanor Capt. Davidson, from Charleston, South Carolina via Goree [Senegambia] to Nassau, with a recorded insurrection on board, disembarking 137 slaves from 27 Nov. 1806 (ID#25504). 102 In TAST (1999), the only four recorded transatlantic shipments from the Bight of Biafra to the Bahamas all arrived in 1802 1 803 (all from the entrep t of Bonny): The Agnes Capt. John Kitts (2 nd Capt. John Kelshall), from Liverpool via Bonny, disembarking 72 slaves from 10 July 1802 (ID#80113); The Kingsmill Capt. John Tobin, from Liverpool via Bonny, disembarking 395 slaves f rom 19 April 1803 (ID#82169); The Minerva Capt. George Cannon, from Liverpool via Bonny, disembarking 212 slaves from 19 April 1803 (ID#82740); The Perseverance Capt. Peter Mawdsley, from Liverpool via Bonny, disembarking 320 slaves from 27 May 1803 (ID# 83070). Thus in one year nearly 1,000 enslaved Africans from the Bight of Biafra, all embarking at Bonny (with its concentration on the trade in enslaved Igbo), arrived in the Bahamas.

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92 21 November 1813 Baham a Gazette [BAH02 9 0 .BG21Nov1813] Absconded th inst. a Negro Man named PAUL. Five Dollars reward will be paid on his being delivered to the keeper of the jail in Nassau. JAMES MOSS. Nov. 20 [1813]. 24 February 1814 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 9 1 .BG24Feb1814] Absconded on the 14 th instant, a Negro Man named JOHN, (a Carpenter) [sic] well known about town and is supposed to be harbored. A reward of Five Dollars will be paid to any person delivering him to th e subscriber, or lodging him in any gaol and caution is hereby given against harboring or employing him. DAVID TUOHY. Feb. 24 [1814]. 27 February 1814 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 9 2 .BG27Feb1814] Ran away, on Wednesday last, a Negro Girl named DELIA, about 5 fee t 4 inches high, of a yellowish complexion. All persons are forbid harboring her, as they will be prosecuted according to law. A liberal reward will be given to any person on delivering her to the subscriber, or lodging her in jail. JUDITH BETHELL. Feb. 26 [1814]. 27 February 1814 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 9 3 .BG27Feb1814] 5 Dollars Reward Absconded from the subscriber, about two weeks ago, a Negro Man named HERCULES BARNETT, a sailor, about five feet 7 inches high, smooth face, and is lame in his right foot. A ll persons are forwarned harboring him or taking him away. RICHARD BARNETT. Feb. 26 [1814].

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93 28 April 1814 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 9 4 .BG28Apr1814] 10 Dolls. Reward named CHARLES. All persons are hereby cautioned against harboring said negro. The above reward will be paid on lodging him in jail. REUBEN CLEARE. Harbor Island, April 27 [1814]. 5 May 1814 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 9 5 .BG5May1814] 5 dolls. Reward. Absconded f rom the subscriber, about five weeks since, a Black Man named SMART, the property of WADE STUBBS, Esq. (of the Grand Caicos) [sic]; he is about 5 feet 6 inches high All persons are forwarned from harboring or taking him off this Island. The above reward wi ll be paid to any person lodging him in jail or delivering him to Mr. Wade William Rigby. JOHN JAMES HALL. Nassau, May 5 [1814]. 12 May 1814 Bahama Gazette [ BAH02 9 6 .BG12May1814] 5 dolls. Reward. Runaway From the Schooner Three Brothers, a sailor Negro, n amed JOHN WALKER, he is well known Masters of vessels are particularly warned against, [sic] employing him. Any person harbouring him will be prosecuted. JOHN PAINT, Master, Three Brothers. May 12 [1814]. 103 103 For variation, see Bahama Gazette 12 June 1814 [BAH0296b.BG12June18 14]: Ranaway, From the Schooner Three Brothers a young Sailor Negro, well known about town by the name of JOHN WALKER, any person apprehending and lodging him in the Work House, will be liberally rewarded. And as it is supposed he has been enticed from his duty, the sum of 40 dolls. will be paid to any person giving such as to convict any one of harboring him. All masters of vessels are hereby warned not to employ or carry him off this Island. J. G. HUNTER. June 11 [1814]. For another variation, see Bahama Gazette 19 June 1814 [BAH0296c.BG19June1814]: Ranaway, From the Schooner Three Brothers a young Sailor Negro, well known about town by the name of JOHN WALKER, any person apprehending and lodging him in the Work House, will be liberally rewarded. And as i t is supposed he has been enticed from his duty, the sum of 40 dolls. will be paid to any person giving such as to convict any one of harboring him. All masters of vessels are hereby warned not to employ or carry him off this Island. J. G. HUNTER. N. B. Fr om information which has been received by the owners of the above mentioned Slave, they are assured that he has been carried off on board H. M. S. Majestic, and that he is there called JAMES BALDWIN. The

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94 22 September 1814 Bahama Gazette [BAH02 9 7 .BG22Se pt1814] Notice. Runaway from the subscriber about 2 months ago a negro man named SIKE BALL, well known about town, every person or persons is hereby forwarned from harbouring or carrying him off this Island. WM. GIBSON. Sept. 15 [1814]. 104 2 October 1814 B ahama Gazette [BAH02 9 8 .BG2Oct1814] Notice, A Black Woman named SARAH ANN GILL, has been committed to the workhouse, as a runaway. She is a jet black; five feet 3 inches high; about 25 years of age; says she was born at JOSEPH LUCAS, a Planter on that Island; and that she came to this country with the 7 th West India Regiment, about eight years ago. The said slave will be delivered to her owner, or to any person duly authorised to receive her, upon proving the property, a nd paying all expences incurred, as by Law is directed in such cases. W. C. RANSOM. Nassau, Oct. 1, 1814. 6 October 1814 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 299 .BG6Oct1814] Notice. A Mandingo Slave, named NANCY, is now in the custody of the subscriber, where she was pla ced on the 24 th May, and is of the description following, viz. about the age of 21 years, is 5 feet 5 inches in heig ht name, as far as can be ascertained, is Don Juan Calambres, r esident in Havana; to whom upon application, or, authorizing someone to receive her, she will be delivered up upon payment of expences incurred, as by law is required. W. C. RANSOM, Jailor. reward for discovering by whom he was harbored previ ous to his having been taken off, is still offered. June 11 [1814]. 104 For variation, see Bahama Gazette 16 Oct. 1814 [BAH0297b.16Oct1814]: 12 dols. reward, Runaway from the subscriber about 2 months ago a negro man named SIKE BALL, well known about town, every person or persons is hereby forwarned from harbouring or carrying him off this Island, and the above reward will be paid on delivering him to WM. GIBSON. Sept. 15 [1814].

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95 Nassau, June 23, 1814. 9 October 1814 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 30 0 .BG 9Oct1814] Absconded, From on board the Spanish schooner San Antonio, a Portuguese, [sic] Negro Man Slave named ALEXANDER, aged about 22 years, 5 feet 2 or 3 inches high his eyes look across, & he speaks nothing but Portuguese. He carried off with him two h andkerchiefs full of cloaths, and a blue cloth coat. All masters of vessels are hereby cautioned against employing said Negro, or carrying him off the Island; and a liberal reward will be paid to any person who will apprehend him and bring him to the board ing house of Mrs. Baldwin, on the Bay. [n.d.] 3 November 1814 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 30 1 .BG3Nov1814] Broke Jail, on Sunday night, the 30 th inst. at the time the Bell was ringing, JIM PINDER, A Slave, well known about Town. He effected his escape by breaking the lock from the iron grating of his cell door He was to receive Public Punishment & then be transported from these Islands. N.B. All persons are forwarned harboring or carrying off the said Slave. WM. C. RANSOM. Nassau, Nov. 3, 1814. 24 November 1814 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 30 2 .BG24Nov1814] 10 Dols. Reward. Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro man, a Sailor, well known about New Providence, by name of ABRAHAM MOXEY. The above reward will be paid on lodging him in Gaol; and all persons a re hereby cautioned against employing, harbouring, or carrying said negro off these Islands. SAMUEL DRIGGS. Nassau, Nov. 24 [1814]. 12 January 1815 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 30 3 .BG12Jan1815] Runaway,

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96 On the 19 th of last November, a Negro Boy, named FREDERICK B ALDWIN; he is about 17 years old, stout made and is well known about town. All persons are forwarned against harboring the said Negro, or taking him off the Island. JUBA BALDWIN. Jan. 12 [1815]. 12 January 1815 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 30 4 .BG12Jan1815] 25 Dol s. Reward. Absconded, a Negro Boy, about 15 years old, named JACK CASTLE, he has been missing since the first of last month, and it is expected he has been carried away in some vessel that sailed about that time. The above reward is hereby offered for his apprehension, or for proof of his being carried away. All persons are likewise hereby forwarned against harboring or concealing said negro, or taking him off this Island or out of the Bahamas. ABRAHAM BOYER. Jan. 12 [1815]. 16 February 1815 Bahama Gazett e [BAH0 30 5 .BG16Feb1815] Adsconded [sic]. From the Subscriber, a Negro Lad named JIM, well known about Town, had on when he went away, a blue Jacket and Trowsers, check Shirt, and straw Hat, has a remarkable S car on his f orehead. A Reward of three Dollars w ill be given to any person apprehending and delivering him to the keeper of the Jail, or to his owners; and a reward of 10 Dollars will be given for information, to conviction, of any free person who may harbor or employ him and all masters of vessels, and others, are Cautioned against employing or carrying him off the Island. ELIZABETH STEVENSON. Feb. 14 [1815]. 20 April 1815 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 30 6 .BG20Apr1815] Absconded, A young negro wench named KATE, about 16 years old, and supposed to have been inv eigled on board some vessel. All captains and masters of vessels, as well as every description of persons, are cautioned against harboring or carrying said wench from these Islands, under the penalty of severest inflictions of the Law. ELIZABETH WATSON. Ap ril 18 [1815].

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97 15 May 1819 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 30 7 .BG15May1819] 5 dolls. Reward. Run away a Negro Man named EDWAR [sic], belonging to the Estate of B. FOURMENT; and well known about Town. Persons are cautioned not to employ or harbor him, and the above r eward will be paid to any person lodging him in Jail, or bringing him to the subscriber. HENRY RITTER, Executor. May 11 th [1819]. 19 May 1819 Bahama Gazette [BAH0 30 8 .BG19May1819] Run Away, Estate, formerly the property of Mr. Samson. He is about 5 feet 4 inches high, hobbles in his gait and has a hump back. All persons are cautioned against employing, or harboring said negro, owners and masters of vessels particularly; who are hereby cautio ned against carrying him off the Island under the penalty of the Law. A reasonable reward will be paid to any person who will lodge the said negro in Jail: and 10 if harbored by a white person. W. GATHORN. May 18 th [1819].