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Jamaica (18th Century): 740 advertisements; 4,150 runaway slaves

Documenting Runaway Slaves (DRS) ( Related URL )
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Material Information

Title:
Jamaica (18th Century): 740 advertisements; 4,150 runaway slaves
Abbreviated Title:
Documenting Runaway Slaves Project
Physical Description:
Dataset of newspaper advertisements
Language:
English
Creator:
Chambers, Douglas
Publisher:
University of Southern Mississippi
Place of Publication:
Hattiesburg, Mississippi
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Dataset
Runaway slave advertisements
Spatial Coverage:
Jamaica

Notes

Abstract:
Includes Caribbean files from "Documenting Runaway Slaves" (DRS). Text from: http://aquila.usm.edu/drs/ : The Documenting Runaway Slaves (DRS) research project is a collaborative effort to document newspaper advertisements placed by masters seeking the capture and return of runaway slaves. Dr. Max Grivno and Dr. Douglas Chambers, lead researchers and faculty members in the Southern Miss Department of History, are focusing their pilot project on Mississippi, but plans are already in place to expand the research to the larger Gulf South, the rest of the southern United States, the Caribbean, and Brazil. Runaway slave advertisements personalize history, providing important clues about the lives of slaves, their efforts at self-emancipation, and the viewpoints of their masters. The ads often include first and last names of the slaves and their masters, where they lived, ages, and names of the current and previous slaveholder. They sometimes also include reasons why the slave fled, possible destinations, clothing, special skills or talents, and personality features. This project will gather these documents and organize them into a full-text searchable online resource for academic researchers, genealogists and anyone who wants to learn more about this time period. The Documenting Runaway Slaves research project has received generous support from the Mississippi Humanities Council (http://www.mshumanities.org/), the U.S. National Park Service’s Lower Mississippi Delta Initiative (http://www.nps.gov/history/delta/home.htm), the National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom Program (http://www.nps.gov/subjects/ugrr/index.htm), and The University of Southern Mississippi, including the Department of History (http://www.usm.edu/history), the Center for the Study of the Gulf South (http://www.usm.edu/history/gulf-south), and the College of Arts & Letters (http://www.usm.edu/arts-letters).
Citation/Reference:
Chambers, Douglas B., "Jamaica Runaway Slaves: 18th Century" (2013). Documenting Runaway Slaves. Paper 2. http://aquila.usm.edu/drs/2
Funding:
The original research was funded in part by an Aubrey Keith Lucas and Ella Ginn Lucas Endowment for Faculty Excellence Award, University of Southern Mississippi.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright by Creator. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for research and educational uses. Permission to reuse, publish or reproduce this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions must be obtained from the copyright holder.
System ID:
AA00021144:00001


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Runaway Slaves in Jamaica (I): Eighteenth Century Edited by Douglas B. Chambers University of Southern Mississippi ( February, 2013)1 Part 1: Paid Advertisements (17181795)2 1718 30 July 1718 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, from Mrs. MARY HALES in T emple Lane, Kingston, a creole Negro wench, marked on the right shoulder W called by the name of NANNE. She had on a white petticoat, an oznaburg jacket, a white handkerchief. Whoever brings her to the aforesaid Mrs. Hales, or to the Printers, shall be we ll rewarded, or whoever retains her be it at their peril. 30 July 1718 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, from Mrs. DRAKES a yellow Negro wench, named ROSE, marked L C upon her right shoulder. Whoever brings the said Negro to her mistress shall be well rew arded, and whoever entertains her be it at their peril. 30 July 1718 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, from Mr. DANIEL PLOWMAN sometime in April last from his penn in the parish of St. Catherine, a Negro GIRL marked D and and P on her breast. And since that time on Friday last the 11th of this instant, three Negro men boys [MAN] [MAN] [MAN] ,3 and a GIRL with the same mark, have run away. Whosoever shall bring the said Negroes to the owner, living in Spanish Town, or secur es them that they may be recovered, shall be very well rewarded and their charges paid. Whosoever shall detain them be it at their peril. 1 The original research was funded in part by an Aubrey Keith Lucas and Ella Ginn Lucas Endowment for Faculty Excellence Award, University of Southern Mississippi. 2 Newspaper abbreviations: Cornwall Chronicle [CC]; Jamaica Mercury [JM]; Royal Gazette [RG]; Weekly Jamaica Cou rant [WJC]. 3 The colloquial term for teenagers.

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2 30 July 1718 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, this month past, from WILLIAM ASSAM of Spanish Town, a Negro man slave named OXFORD, formerly belonging to Dr. JOHN STEWART full set, thick and short, aged about 20, and marked upon the left breast W A Whoever secures the said slave shall be well rewarded and all charges paid. 30 July 1718 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away from the estate of WILLIAM PUSEY Esq., in Vere, a lusty Ebrow [ Eboe ] Negro man named JACK, of a pole black complexion, part of his nose cut off; also a lean Calamante [ Coromantee ] Negro boy named DARBY, marked W P that used to conceal himself about the Town, they both speak pretty good English. Whoever takes them up and gives notice to Matthias Philip of Kingston, so as they may be had, sha ll be reasonably rewarded. 5 August 1718 Weekly Jamaica Courant A Negro man named HAM, marked on the right shoulde r L C belonging to the estate of Mr. LEONARD COMPERE of the parish of St. David, and formerly hired to Mr. KIRBY merchant in Kingston, in which place he is supposed to be, having lately run away. Whoever will take him up and bring him to the overseer of the said Estate, or to Richard Mill, Esq., of Kingston, shall have ten Shi llings besides mile money. 5 August 1718 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, about eight months ago from Mrs. KATHERINE PICKARD in Kingston, a Malagascar Negro named JAMAICA, and P. AMERICA, marked on the right shoulder W K Whoever brings them to their aforesaid mistress shall have thirty Shillings for each of them. Whoever entertains them be it at their peril. 5 August 1718 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, about four months ago fr om Mrs. ANN MARSH at Withy wood, a Caramote [ Coromantee ] Negro WOMAN, with a BOY about 5 years old, her feet seems to be very much swelled, having several scars in her neck, a tall black wench. Whoever discovers her, so that she may be had again, shall be well rewarded. And whoever entertains her be it at their peril.

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3 5 August 1718 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, from GEORGE BULTEEL of Kingston, an Ebo Negro man named TOM, without any mark to be particularly known, save he wants a toe on each foot, and f ormerly belonged to Messieurs SHEAVE and FRY but now to the said George Bulteel, as by bill of sale appears from the said Thomas Fry, dated the first of March last; and likewise a creole Negro boy named JEMMY, about 13 years of age, but no mark. Whoever s hall bring the said Negro man to this said master shall have two Pistoles reward and reasonable charges, and for the boy ten Shillings. And whoever entertains them be it at their peril. 5 August 1718 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, from Mr. KNIGHTs pen n in Liguanea, a young Pappaw [Popo] Negro man named BADU, he speaks good English and is marked on the right shoulder K He was met about ten days since, going to leeward, and pretended he was sent by his master to fetch cattle. Whoever secures him, so tha t he be had again, shall have forty Shillings reward. 5 August 1718 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away from JOHN CLARKE Esq., of Liguanea, a Negro man commonly called DOCTOR SAM, supposed to be in the town of Kingston. Whoever gives notice of him to his ma ster aforesaid, so as he may be had again, shall have three Pounds reward and charges. 1719 10 February 1718/19 [1719] Weekly Jamaica Courant Kingston Whereas the Negro slaves following, viz., DUBLIN, PETER, FORTUNE, DICK, TONEY, TOBY, MINGO, KATEY and her son QUAW, MARY an Indian woman and her three CHILDREN, and PAPAW SARAH, formerly belonging to Mrs. PATRIDGE and since in the possession of Mr. THOMAS STONE late of the parish of St. Dorothy, Planter, dec., and now belonging to SAMUEL PAGE Esq., have absconded themselves for several months, and all or most of them supposed to be entertained by Mr. THOMAS DOWNES of the said parish of St. Dorothy, Planter, who several times treated with the said Samuel Page for a lease of them, but never concluded the same. These are therefore to give notice that if the said Negroes shall, within ten days from this day, return home to their said master Samuel Page, their past faults shall be forgiven them, or if any person other than the said Mr. Downes, shall bring the said Negroes to Mr. Larson, Marshal, at SpanishTown, he shall receive twenty Shillings per head over and above the mile money due (the children and Toby the coachman, to Joshua Bowes, Esq., only

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4 excepted) [sic] and whoever entertains them, or any of them for the future, will be prosecuted according to law. S. PAGE. 10 April 1719 Weekly Jamaica Courant Kingston Run away, from JOHN PRICE a mariner, of Port Royal, a Coromantine [Coromantee] Negro woman named VENUS, she is low of stature, and speaks good English; by intelligence she has hired herself in Kingston. Any person that shall bring the aforesaid Negro, or give intelligence of her to her aforesaid master, so that she may be taken in custody, shall have twenty Shillings reward, but whomsoever detains or hires her, be it at their peril. JOHN PRICE 15 April 1719 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, on Saturday last the 11th instant, from CHARLES GREEN a joiner in Kingston, a mulatto man named JOSEPH KEHERN, aged about 19, an apprentice. Whoever gives notice of him to his master aforesaid, so as he be had again, shall have twenty Shillings reward and mile money, and those that entertain him shall incur the penalty of the act in force for that purpose. 1721 28 June 1721 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, from a Penn near Halfway Tree in Liguanea lately belonging to Dr. MASON on Sunday last, the 25th of this instant June, two new Callabar Negro men [MAN] [MAN] marked H W on the left shoulder. Whoever takes them up and brings them to Mr. William Hayman, sha ll have a Pist ole reward for each Negro. 28 June 1721 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, some time ago from Capt. JOHN DOWNES in St. Thomas in the East, a Negro man named SAMBO, he is tall and slender, and is marked H D and injoined in one, on the left breast. Whoever takes him up shall have twenty Shillings reward, also the same for taking up the mulatto [MAN ] [ who ] was noted down in the former Courant 28 June 1721 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, from JAMES ROBER of Ki ngston on Sunday last, the 25th of June instant, a lusty

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5 Negro wench, of a middle age, named BENNIBO. Whoever apprehends her to her master aforesaid shall have ten Shi llings reward and charges. 1726 22 March 1726 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, from WI LLIAM TOWNSHEND, Esq., about fourteen weeks, a slim Coromantee wench named PHIDELA with a large sucking CHILD, marked W T in one on the right shoulder, and formerly belonged to Mrs. LESSEL dec. Whoever brings her to her master aforesaid shall be handsomel y rewarded, but be it to their peril that entertain her. 22 March 1726 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, from WILLIAM WYLLYS Esq., of the parish of St. Thomas in the East, two Negro women; one named PHILLIS, a short thick Angola wench, goes a little lamish, has some long cuts on each side her face and has been gone about six months; the other a Caramantine [ Coromantee ] named HAGAR, marked on the right breast W with a in one, and had on when she went away a pair of pothooks; they both speak good English and are supposed to be harboured about Kingston. Whoever brings either of them to Richard Done in Kingston, or their master aforesaid, shall receive twenty Shillings f or each; but be it to their peril that detain or either of them [sic]. 26 October 1726 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, ten days since from ABRAHAM PALACHE a new Negro man named BENTURA, without marks, a tall surly pockfretten fellow, and had on when he went away a broken oznaburg jacket and grey duroy breeches with puffs of the same. Whoever brings him to his master aforesaid shall have half a Pistole reward, but be it to their peril that detain him. 26 October 1726 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, fr om DAVID PUGH, Esq., of St. Ann, northside, two Cormantine [ Coromantee ] Negro men [MAN] [MAN] that cannot speak English; one a tall slim fellow, the other middle sized, both marked on the right shoulder D P Whoever brings them to their master aforesaid s hall receive twenty Shillings reward and all charges, but be it to their peril that entertain them.

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6 2 November 1726 Weekly Jamaica Courant Strayed or run away, from Clarendon Park, the estate of ALEXANDER HENDERSON, Esq., in Clarendon on Saturday the 1s t of October last, a new Papaw Negro MAN, marked on the shoulder A H and had on when he went away an oznaburg frock and breeches, a piece of blue cloth about his head, and another about his waist, is pretty fat, and well set. Whoever brings him to the sai d Alexander Henderson in Spanish Town, or to the said Plantation, shall receive a Pistole reward. 2 November 1726 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, about a month since from Mr. JOHN HYNES of Kingston, a creole Negro woman named LUCY, lately belonging to Mr. CHARLES BRAYNE ; it is believed she was inticed away by Ishmael, a free mulatto fellow (who is her husband) [sic] and formerly belonged to Colonel ARCHBOLD, dec., and is supposed to be entertained at some place in Liguanea. Whoever brings her to her mas ter aforesaid, or gives notice of her so that she may be had, shall have two Pistoles reward; be it to their peril that entertains, conceals, or suff ers her to be entertained. 2 November 1726 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run way, the 29th of October last from JOHN THORNTON of Port Royal, a short squat Angola Negro MAN, and had on when he went away a red bays frock and oznaburg breeches. Whoever brings him to his master aforesaid, or to Sidney Marriott in Kingston, shall have twenty Shillings reward and all char ges; but be it to their peril that entertain him. 2 November 1726 Weekly Jamaica Courant Taken up, the 30th of October last at Major LEWIS ARCHBOULDs plantation at Liguanea, a young Mandingo new Negro MAN that cannot speak English, and without any mark. Any person that claims right to the said Negro may apply to Benjamin Israel at the aforesaid Plantation. 2 November 1726 Weekly Jamaica Courant Taken up, by Mr. GILES DISTON, a new Negro BOY without marks, and can give no account of himself. Whoever has a right to him, ma y inquire at the Printers.

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7 1728 18 April 1728 Weekly Jamaica Courant Absented, from Mr. JOHN CLIFTON of Morant, a new Negro man named LONG DICK, formerly belonged to Mr. MARMADUKE FREEMAN, and supposed to be harbored in this Town, or Bull Bay. Whoever delivers him to the said John Clifton, at his estate at Morant, or to Michael Atkins in this Town, shall receive forty Shillings; but be it to their peril that entertain him. 18 April 1728 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, the 30th of March last from JOB WILLIAMS a creole Negro named PIO, marked on his right shoulder I W with a figure of 2 on top, about 22 years of age, an ear cropped, of middle stature, a little yellow, little or no beard, and an impudent look. Whoever brings him to his master in St. Ann, Mr. Dennison Young in Spanish Town, or Messrs. Abraham and Jacob Gonsallis, merchants at Kingston, shall have a Pistole reward, and all reasonable charges; but be it to their peril that entertain him. 18 April 1728 Weekly Jamaica C ourant Taken up, a new Negro MAN and WOMAN, marked on the right shoulder Inquire at the Printers. 1730 25 March 1730 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, from MARY BALDWIN, printer in Kingston, a Negro man named APOLLO, who did deliver the newspapers at Ki ngston and Spanish Town. Whoever brings him to his mistress aforesaid shall be well rewarded. 24 June 1730 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, from ZACHARIAH GAULTIER a Calamantine [ Coromantee ] wench named KINGSTON NANNY, of a very black complexion, and a man boy named HUMPHREY. Whoever brings them to their master aforesaid, or to Gale, Woodcock and Decke r, shall be well rewarded.

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8 24 June 1730 Weekly Jamaica Courant Taken up, the 10th instant at Mr. MONTOGOMERY s penn in Liguanea, an Ebo Negro WOMAN. Whoe ver can prove their just right, and describe her marks, may have her, paying charges. Likewise for a you ng bay horse without mark. 24 June 1730 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, from RICHARD ELLETSON, Esq., a Negro man named ANDREW, of a middle stature, y ellow complexion, pitted with the smallpox, and has lost his foreteeth. Whoever brings him to his master aforesaid, or Barclay and Marriott in Kingston, shall have a Pistole reward; but be it to their peril that entertain him. 1754 18 March 1754 Weekly Jamaica Courant Kingston Run away, from WILLIAM GALE Esq., house at Withywood, about eight days ago, two middle sized Angola new Negroes [MAN] [MAN] marked upon the right shoulders W C on top, had on when they went away new barras frocks and trowsers, one of them had another frock and trou sers, jacket and breeches. 25 April 1754 Weekly Jamaica Courant Kingston Run away, about two months ago, from the Fort at Musquitto Point, a new Negro MAN, marked on the right shoulder I H C [the H above], speaks but little English. Whoever secures the said Negro in any of the gaols, or delivers him to Curtin and Parker in Kingston, shal l have one Pistole reward. 7 May 1754 Weekly Jamaica Courant Greenwich Park Run away, from Tryal Plantation in the parish of St. M ary, two Negro men named TOM and JOE, marked on the right breast Z B T [ the T below ] they formerly belonged to Capt. WILLIAM CHARLES and are supposed to be harboured in this town. Also run away from me some time past, two Negro men, one named DEVONSHIRE, formerly the property of CHARLES FRASER

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9 and used to be employed on his wharf; the other named JOE, a cooper, formerly belonging to Mr. PASEO of Liguanea. ZACHARY BAYLY. 10 May 1754 Weekly Jamaica Courant Kingston Run away, from me the following Negroes; QUAMINA, a creole, formerly the property of SOLOMON BUFFET of Salt Ponds; MERCURY, an Angola and LONDON, a caulker. JAMES RAMADGE 18 June 1754 Weekly Jamaica Courant Kingston. Run away, from Rock Fort, a Negro man named BRISTOL, belonging to JOHN and EDWARD FOORD, he is a lusty fellow, wellknown in and about this town. 29 June 1754 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, from HENRY BARRETT 12th April instant, a Coromantee new Negro man, a well made fellow about 5 ft. 8 in. high, more or less, called DAV Y but perhaps he goes now by the name of CABENAH, his country name. He is not marked but may be discovered by one of his ankles being somewhat bigger than the other, by a guinea worm,4 and had some of these worms in his thigh when eloped. 29 June 1754 We ekly Jamaica Courant Run away, the 10th of January from Mr. JOHN PEACE in Spanish Town, a Negro woman named FANNY, formerly the property of CHARLES PRESCOTT She is of the Eboe country, speaks good English, marked on the right shoulder, has been run away a bout three months. Whoever shall secure her in any of the gaols of Kingston, Port Royal or Spanish Town, or deliver her, shall have a Pistole reward. 29 June 1754 Weekly Jamaica Courant 4 Dracunculus medinensis a painful helminthic worm that can grow as long as four feet through human connective tissue, and endemic in tropical Africa; Kenneth F. Kiple, The Caribbean Slave: A Biological History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984), p.73.

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10 Run away, from Mr. JOHN LEWIS on Friday the 7th instant, a Coromante e new Negro man named YORK, marked on his right shoulder T L, with a on top. Whoever brings the said Negro to said John Lewis, at his store, the back of the Court House, in Kingston, shall have a Pistole reward. 29 June 1754 Weekly Jamaica Courant Taken up, at my plantation on Black River, a Negro MAN without name or ma rk, he says he has been runaway above six years, and has lived in the woods all this time; he can give no further account of himself, nor can he tell who he belongs to. Whoever owns the said fellow, and will apply to DOMINICK LOPDELL may hav e him, paying the charges. 29 June 1754 Weekly Jamaica Courant Run away, from JOHN ROSS a tall, slender creole Negro man, named GREY, without any mark, formerly the property of WILLIAM WARRING and is known by having the care of Warring s house at Cow Bay. 1775 22 July 1775 Cornwall Chronicle Taken up, at Barnstaple, tall, yellow, a new Negro MAN, supposed to be an Eboe has no visible brandmark, and says his master lived near the seaside; was sent to jail, but refused admittance, having the yaws.5 Whoever owns him, may apply at Barnstaple and have him, paying the charges of advertising, &c. 12 December 1775 Cornwall Chronicle St. Ann Taken up, at Drax Hall Plantation,6 a new Negro MAN, his country not known, and the marks if 5 A common, and feared, disease thought to be distinctive to slaves with symptons of lesions on the skin that lasted from several weeks to as long as three years. The disease appears to have had a West African origin, but is also associated with severe nutritional deficiencies. The secondary symptons were similar to syphilis, and both were called bubos in the Spanish Americas, though in the Anglophone Caribbean yaws was often compared to lepros y and other contagious scrofulous diseases. See Kiple, The Caribbean Slave pp.21, 136140, 243244 n29. 6 For Drax Hall Estate, St. Ann parish, founded in 1669, see B. W. Higman, Jamaica Surveyed: Plantation Maps and Plans of the Eighteenth and Ninete enth Centuries (Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press, 2001), pp.99102.

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11 any obliterated. Whoever owns the sa id Negro may have him, by applying to John MacDonald upon said plantation, proving their property and paying the cha rges. 1776 30 March 1776 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from the Subscriber, on the 6th of Jan. 1776, the following Negroes, from Flat point Estate in the parish of St. Ann. ANDREW and PEDRO, both of the Congo country, they speak but indifferent English; the former a stout wellmade fellow about 5 ft. 8 or 10 in. high; the latter a short, thick fat fellow about 5 ft. 6 in. high; they are both marked W with W above, on the right shoulder. ROBIN, of the Eboe country, about 5 ft. 9 or 10 in. high, a stout, able man, between thirty and forty years of age, marked on the right shoulder W E was formerly the property of WILLIAM EDWARDS of this paris h. HARDTIMES, the son of Robin, a boy, about twelve years of age, has no mark. ROMEO, a man, about 5 ft. 7 or 8 in. high, forty years of age, of the Congo country; if marked, supposed to be V M was formerly the property of VALENTINE MUNBEE Whoever will bring the above Negroes to me, shall receive a Pistole reward for each; and upon conviction of their being harboured, if by a mulatto or Negro, Five Pounds, if a white person, Ten Pounds reward will be given, by WILLIAM WHITE 26 May 1776 Cornwall Chronic le Taken up, a few days ago, at Hampshire Estate in Trelawney, a new Negro MAN, without any brandmark, of the Portuguese [Congo] country, speaks no English. Whoever may own the said Negro, may have him by applying at said esta te, and paying all charges. 30 May 1776 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from Barnstaple Estate in the parish of Trelawney, five new Negroes of the Sosu country, remarkably well made people, they answer to the names as follows: ADAM, BOATSWAIN, MISTER RISOR, LEWIS, and ABRAHAM, none mar ked. Also a Negro man, named FORTUNE, and a man boy named SCOTLAND, marked on the right shoulder with I G being lately the property of Mr. JOHN GRAAT a blacksmith, of the parish of St. James, dec. Whoever will bring either or all the said Negroes to HUGH BARNET on the above Estate, shall receive Two Pistoles for each, wi th all reasonable expenses. 20 June 1776 Cornwall Chronicle

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12 Montego Bay Taken up, about the 10th instant, an elderly Negro man, says his name is SAM, and that he belongs to Mr. CHAMBERS a carpenter in Kingston, he is blind of the right eye, which he says was owing to the smallpox. The owner, paying all charges, may have him by applying to JOHN WHITTAKER 28 June 1776 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from Fairfield Estate on the 19th of April last, a stout, young Negro man, of the Congo country, named DICK. He is about 5 ft. 5 in. high, of a yellow complexion, speaks good English, and is brandmarked on each cheek R I L He is supposed to be about Black River or Savanna la Mar, wher e he is well acquainted. Any person apprehending said Negro, and lodging him in any of the gaols, and gives information thereof or brings him to GEORGE LIDDLE on said Estate, shall receive tw enty five Shillings reward. 10 September 1776 Cornwall Chronicl e Montego Bay Ran away, from CHRISTOPHER ROE in the month of December last, a Negro man of the Chamba country, belonging to the subscriber, named PEREGINE; he is about 22 years of age, 5 ft. 8 1/2 in. high, marked I H with a kind of half moon between the letters, on the right shoulder and bred a carpenter; he is a stout, well made fellow, of a yellow complexion, with his country marks in his face, and has a scar on his ankle. He can speak the Coromantee language and pretty good English; it is suspected he is harboured on or about Duan Vale Estate in Trelawny. Whoever apprehends the said Negro, and secures him in any of the gaols of this island, giving information thereof, so that the owner may have him again, shall be intitled to a reward of Three Pistoles, and if found harboured by any free Negro or mulatto, Five Pounds and if by a white person or persons, Ten Pounds sterling, so that the offender or offenders may be brought to justice. MICHAEL HUNT 26 September 1776 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away from Unity Hall Penn, the property of WILLIAM BUCKNOR Esq., adjoining to Unity Hall Estate, on Sunday night the 22nd instant, five new Negroes of the Concaw [ Canga ] country, viz., CAESAR, WILL, DICK, and PORT ROYAL, and VALENTINE a stout manboy; they a re all unmarked, and speak little or no English; Valentine has lost one of his toes, and Will s hands are white on the outside. Whoever will give information where they may be found, shall receive Fiv e Pounds reward.

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13 1 November 1776 Cornwall Chronicle Trel awny Run away, from Clermont Plantation, about three weeks ago, a Negro man named JOE, marked on both shoulders W T with a above the T. Also a Negro man named JUBA, marked as above. Whoever takes them up, and will deliver them to JOHN STOGDON, Esq., or s ecures them in gaol giving information thereof, shal l be sufficiently rewarded. 6 November 1776 Cornwall Chronicle Hotel, Westmoreland [Also advertised for a stolen horse]. Also, went away the same night [28 Oct.], supposed to be decoyed by the person who stole the horse, a new Negro MAN, of the Chamba country, well made, about 5 ft. 7 in. high, and 25 years of age, had on when he eloped a new oznaburg frock, has no other mark but those of his country, which are either two or three on each cheek, speaks no English, being only bought two weeks ago. Whoever will give information to the subscriber, where he may find the Negro or the horse, shall be handsomely rewarded; or whoever secures the thief, upon sufficient proof, so that he may suffer such punishment as the law directs, shall, if a white person, immediately receive a reward of Fifty Pounds, if a Negro, mulatto, or otherwise, Twenty Pounds. DAVID KINLOCH. 15 November 1776 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber on Friday the 8th i nstant, a creole Negro fellow named C HARLEY, my cook; he was born in Kingston, and sold several years ago with his mother and her family to a person going to the Northward; who afterwards sold him to Capt. FITHER of the Price Frigate of whom I bought him. He is tall, of a yellowish complexion, much pitted with the smallpox about the nose, very much inkneed, talks good English, and is remarkably cunning; had on a dark brown cloth coast when he eloped. He went on board of a ship in this harbour and offered to ship himself as a cook, telling the Captain that he was just come from New York; that his master was dead, and had left him free, offering to shew a free paper (which if he has, is positively forged) [sic] as he called it. Any person securing him in any of the goals [sic] of this island, so that I can get him, shall receive two Pistoles reward, and all expenses paid; and any person harbouring him, or endeavouring to assist him shall be prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. THOMAS BROWN. 30 November 1776 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay

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14 Run away, about six weeks ago, a Negro man of the Fantee country, a stout, able, young fellow, marked G 4 G, on the right shoulder, who answers to the name of HUNTLY; he was bought out of the ship Brooks Capt. Noble, last December [1775] .7 As he was working with Mr. JOHN WHITAKER a surveyor when he ran away, it is probable he may be entertained by some of his countrymen in that neighbourhood, or taken the road leading from thence to St. Elizabeth, as he has not been heard of since. Twenty Shillings reward will be given to any person that will take him up, and secure him, on giving information to GEORGE GORDON. 14 December 1776 Cornwall Chronicle Taken up, at Springfield Penn, near Seven Rivers, a new Negro man, full of the yaws he is a tall, slim fellow, about twenty years of age, of the Chamba country, with some cuts in his face, and a small scar on the left cheek, with an appearance of a brand mark on the right shoulder, not legible. He answers to the name of WILL but speaks very little English; says his master s name was CROOKS a mason by trade, who died and left him to a Negro woman from whom he eloped near twelve months since. Whoever owns said Negro may have him by applying to ROBERT SCARLETT, in Hanover, paying the ch arge of this advertisement. 14 December 1776 Cornwall Chronicle Taken up, on New Canaan Estate, a new Negro MAN, of the Chamba country, without any visible brandmark. Whoever owns said Negro, may have him, paying all charges, by applying to the o verseer on said Estate. 14 December 1776 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from Provence Estate, in Hanover, a new Negro man, of the Coromantee country, named GOVERNOR, about 5 ft. 8 in. high, from 28 to 35 years old, marked on one shoulder with J R between, and on the other C R between. Whoever takes him up, and sends him to the overseer on the said Estate, or to any of the goals of his island, and gives me immediate notice of the same, shall receive a Pistole reward, and all charges. COLIN REID 14 December 1776 Cornwall Chr onicle Taken up, at Eldersly Estate in St. Elizabeth, the 4th of November 1776, a Negro BOY, marked 7 David Eltis, Stephen D. Behrendt, David Richardson, and Herbert S. Klein, eds., The Trans Atlantic Slave Trade: A Database on CD ROM (Cambridge: Cambridge Univers ity Press, 1999) [hereafter TAST (1999)], ID#92522, the Brooks Capt Clement Noble, departed Liverpool 14 March 1775, via Gold Coast, disembarked in Jamaica 12 Dec. 1775, imputed 403 slaves.

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15 W H S on top, who says his master s name i s HAMILTON and lives near MarthaBrae, but either cannot or will not tell the name of the place. Any person provi ng him their property, on paying all charges, may have him by applying at said Estate to ALEXANDER JAFFRAY. 14 December 1776 Cornwall Chronicle Ran away, from Williamsheld Estate in Westmoreland, belonging to WILLIAM BECKFORD, Esq., since April last, a new Negro MAN, marked on the right shoulder W B between. He is very remarkable, having the great toes of both feet double. Whoever will deliver him to Mr. RICHARD MILBURN, at Montego Bay, or to the Proprietor in Westmoreland, shal l receive a Pistole rewa rd. 18 December 1776 Cornwall Chronicle Hanover Taken up, at Province Estate, two Negro men [MAN] [MAN] of the Papa [Popo] country, one without any mark, the other marked I M, with something like a on top, can speak nothing to be understood. Whoever ow ns them and can prove their property, may have them by applying to the overseer on said Estate, paying two Dollars for taking them, and other expenses. 18 December 1776 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away from Bellfield Estate about eighteen months ago, two Congo Negro men, named EDINBURGH and GLASGOW, marked I C between. Also a Negro man of the same country [ Congo] named BRUTUS, about 5 ft. 5 in. high, very black, much pitted with the small pox, had the mark of an old sore on the shin, and branded I C between, on one shoulder, and the mark of a ring on the ot her. A Pistole reward will be given for each, on securing them in gaol, or delivering them at the above Estate, and all charges. ALEXANDER PAUL overseer. 21 December 1776 Cornwall Chronicle Ran away from the subscriber, about the middle of August last, a slender made Negro wench, rather under the middle size, of the Eboe country, named PRISCILLA; has no brandmark, she has three of her country marks on her forehead, and a large scar on her left leg, the effects of a recent ulcer. She is supposed to be harboured by some of the Negroes on an estate called Lenox in the parish of Westmoreland, having lately been seen there. A reward of three Pistoles will be given to any person who shall apprehend and lodge her in any of his Majesty s goals in this island, g ive certain information where she is harboured, or send her to Montego Bay, to ANN

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16 CHRISTIAN [ 1776]8 Jamaica Mercury Taken up, at Knock Patrick in the year 1776 a Negro fellow and a Negro wench, both of the Eboe country, neither of them has any visible brandmarks. The fellow calls himself JAMES, and the wench JUNO. The account they give of themselves is that they belonged to a Gentleman who was a liver at the North Side, and had a Tobacco Piece, and that he was drowned in a river one night, by a fall f rom his horse; that he purchased them about a year ago, and that they absconded from the plantation soon after his death, and have been for some time past concealed at a Mountain in the Red Hills, near Spanish Town, by one Harrison, and being ill treated b y his wife, they left him. Any person proving them to be their property may have them, paying all charges, by applying at said Penn to ROBERT HUGH MUNRO. 1777 27 January 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Duan Vale, Trelawny Taken up, about three days ago, a Negro man of the Nago [Yoruba] country, he has the remains of the yaws, and was refused to be taken at Martha Brae Goal. He is marked on the right shoulder G B or G I but not plain, says his name is BEN, and that he belonged to one Mr. JAMES at Black River wh o died about two years ago, when he and other Negro named GEORGE also belonging to said James, runaway. Whoever owns said Negro, may have him by applying at the above Estate, paying the charges of advertising, &c. 27 January 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Jock s Lodge Run away, from the Subscriber, a Negro MAN of the Papaw country, with his country marks on his breast, and marked I B in one ( 4 on top) [sic] on one of his shoulders. Whoever brings the above fellow to me, or lodges him in any one of the gaols of this island, shall have a Pistole reward, and all reasonable charges. JOHN BAILLIE 31 January 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay 8 Advertisement printed in 1780.

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17 Ran away, about ten days ago from Clifton Hill, a Negro man named MARS, about 5 ft. 101/2 in. high, marked on his right shoulder either E I with a crow s foot, or E I S on top. Also runaway from Southfield Estate in Trelawny, a Negro man named MARCH, and a woman named PHOEBE, lately the property of WILLIAM RHODES JAMES Esq., and are marked W R I as also with the last of the above two marks. Any person giving information where they are harboured so that the proprietor may have them again, shall be rewarded for their trouble, as shall any person who will apprehend and lodge them in any of the gaols, giving due information th ereof to the owners. EDMUND JACKSON. 4 February 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from the subscriber about two months ago, a stout Negro man of the Canga country named VIRGIL, marked on the right shoulder I B 2 on top. Any person that will give informa tion where he may be had to Mr. Robert Mitchell, at Montego Bay, or to the proprietor at Luna Estate, shall receive twenty Shillings reward, from JOHN BRYDIE 4 February 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Santa Cruz, St. El izabeth Ran away, from ISAAC RODRIGUES PENHA on Thursday the 30th of January last, a small creole boy named MONDAY, the two middle fingers of his right hand are contracted, occasioned by being burnt, has a large navel, had on when he went away a check shirt, without any breeches, as he could not w ear them on account of a whipping he had a few days before. He took with him a large Spanish grey horse, and went through Knock Patrick in company with a Spanish mulatto fellow who calls himself MARTIN who is a known rogue for stealing horses. It is suppos ed he has inticed the boy to go with him, that he may sell him and the horse; the said Martin is a short, squat fellow, pitted with the small pox, and speaks good English. Whoever takes up the said boy and horse, and will secure them, giving information thereof, shall receive two Pistoles reward; and if any person will apprehend the said mulatto (with or without the above boy) [sic] and secures him in gaol, so as he may be prosecuted, shall receive ten Pounds reward. The said Martin has changed the boy s na me to TOM 10 February 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Hylton, Westmoreland Ran away, from this Penn about three weeks ago, two Negroes; one a fellow named HECTOR, about 25 years of age, 5 ft. 9 in. high, of slim make and black complexion, is sensible and speaks good English, and has been in North America; as he has followed the sea it is possible he may attempt to pass for a free man and endeavour to ship himself onboard. MERCURY of the Portuguese [Congo] country, about 16 years of age, of a square make, marked on the right

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18 shoulder W H in one, and speaks tolerable good English. Whoever apprehends either of the said Negroes, and will deliver them at the above Penn, or secure them in any of his Majesty s gaols, shall receive a reward of two Pistoles for the first fellow and one Pistole for the other, with all charges, from WILLIAM HYLTON. 12 February 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Esher Estate, Hanover Run away, on the 10th of January last, five new Negro MEN of the Congo country, four of whom are marked on the right shoulder R R, and one marked on the left shoulder R R; they speak no English. Any person apprehending said Negroes, or any of them, and lodging them in any of the gaols, giving information thereof, shall receive a Pistole reward, and all reasonable charges. RICHARDSON REDWAR 14 February 1777 Cornwall Chronicle MarthaBrae Run away, from the Subscriber on Thursday the 6th instant, a stout Negro man named DURHAM, commonly called COOK, he having been cook of the [ship] Lady Juliana, Capt. STEPHENSON, some few years past, and from whom he was purchased. He stammers in his speech when speaking in a hurry, had on when he went away an oznaburg frock only, and was flogged two days before he took his departure, for thieving; he may possibly pass for a free fellow as he knows how to work in boats or craft. It is to be hoped no masters of vessels will employ him, but if he offers for service, they will take him up and secure him in gaol; any person who will bring, or send him to me, at Martha Brae, shall be handsomely rewarded for their trouble. JOHN STOGDON. 15 February 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from Hopewell Estate, in the parish of Hanover on the 18th of November last, the three following Negroes, all of the Concaw [ Canga ] country: JOE, marked on one of hi s shoulders with I M with a figure of 2 above the letters, and the same mark reversed on the other shoulder. JUPITER, marked on one of his shoulders I P on top. CUBBAN, marked as Joe. Whoever will apprehend the said Negroes and lodge them in any of the gaols in this island, giving information thereof, or will deliver them to the Subscribers, shall be paid the sum of twenty Shillings for each, and all reasonable charges. THOMAS BUCKNOR, JOHN PARNTHER

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19 15 February 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Ran away, the m orning of the 25th of December last, a Negro boy of the Eboe country, named TOM. He is about 14 years of age, his complection a little inclining to yellow, has a large head and round face, lips, particularly the lower one, large, thick breast and shoulders stoops a little, has no brandmark, can speak good English but affects to speak it very bad; it is supposed he will go by some other name, and probably say he is the property of some other person. Whoever will take up said Negro, and secure him in any of the gaols of this island, and give notice, or send him to the Subscriber at Montpelier Store, near the Bogue Estate, shall receive twenty Shillings reward, and all reasonable charges. LUKE JOHN ROBINS 22 February 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from Spey Side, two Negroes; one named SPEY and the other TOM, both marked on the right shoulders G M T the two last letters in one. Spey is a tall slim fellow of the Chamba country; Tom is a remarkable yellow fellow of the Eboe country. Whoever will deliver t hem to the Subscriber shall receive forty Shillings for each. GEORGE McINTOSH. 22 February 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from the Subscriber, the following Negroes, viz. GROWL an Eboe man boy marked on the right shoulder N T he attended some time ag o in the tavern of Mrs. MARY OLDENBRUCH; MARTIN a new Negro man, marked as Growl, he received a hurt on one of his knees (in his country) [sic] which makes him walk lame; also TONEY a young fellow, creole, a native of Cuba, late the property of Mr. JAMES HOLMES Whoever secures all or either of said fellows, and gives me information thereof, shall be handsomely rewarded. NICHOLAS TROUGHT 4 March 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Gre at River Run away, from this estate on the 28th of January last, two Negro men belonging to the Subscriber, of the Portuguese [Congo] country, named SIMON and ADAM, marked G F on their right shoulders. Simon is a stout, able Negro about 5 feet 10 inches high, had on when he went away an oznaburg frock and trowsers. Adam is of slender make, about 5 ft. 7 in. high, had on an oznaburg frock only; both talk little English. Whoever will bring both, or either of them to James Fowler, Montego Bay, or the Subscriber near Paisley, shall be handsomely rewarded. GEORGE FOWLER

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20 6 March 1777 Cornwal l Chronicle Ran away, from the Subscriber about three weeks ago, a Negro man named GIL BLAS, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, had on when he went away a pair of green cloth breeches and a check shirt, speaks very good English, having been twice in England and North America, he is very expert as a seaman, and may impose himself on masters of vessels for a free Negro, who are hereby required not to harbour or encourage him. He was seen about a week ago in Kingston. Whoever secures the said Negro in any of his Majesty s gaols, or gives information where he may be come at, or deliver him to the Subscriber at Montego Bay, or to Mrs. A. Watson at Lucea, shall receive a Pistole reward. JAMES WATSON. 12 March 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Ran away, from the Hope Est ate in this parish, a Negro fellow named CUFFEE, a fisherman, with one eye, he lately belonged to RENAUD of Savanna la Mar. It is supposed he is harboured by a white man in or about Kingston. Any person taking up said fellow, and informs the Subscriber, shall receive two Pistoles reward, and whoever can convict the person harbouring him, shall receive ten Pounds reward. JOHN PARKINSON. 8 April 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Duncan s, Trelawny Run or wandered away, the 1st instant from Smoaky Hall Plantation in s aid parish, a Negro man boy [MAN] of the Eboe country, the property of Mr. ALEXANDER LONGMORE and bought of the Messrs. JACKSONS out of the Britannia the 27th of January last9; he is a thin fellow, black complexion, and filed teeth, he has no other mark but that of his country. Whoever delivers said slave to Mr. James Riddoch at Montego Bay, Mr. John Fowler, Martha Brae, or the Subscriber at Duncans s shall be thankfully rewarded. JOHN HUIE 8 April 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber, a Negro fellow named JOHNNY, formerly the property of JOHN REID who lately resided at Providence Estate; he is supposed to be harboured about the Bay by some of the fishermen. A reward of ten Pounds will be given to any person, on conviction of his 9 See TAST (1999), ID#17889, the Britannia Capt. Stephen Madge, departed Bristol 10 July 1776, disembarked at Montego Bay 17 Jan. 4 Apr. 1777, John Fowler owner, crew of 3037, 10 guns, 140 tons, slave cargo imputed 239 disembarked, Africa unspecified.

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21 being harboured by a white person,and five Pounds if by a mulatto or Negro. As he is well known in Kingston, and has a mother at Mr. White s estate in St. Ann, he may probably go to either. Any person apprehending said Negro, and will lodge him in a gaol, on giving notice thereof, shall receive forty Shillings. GEORGE DUNBAR 9 April 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Worcester Run away, the 20th of March last, two new Negro men of the Congo country, marked J W in Italian characters on the left shoulder; they understand little or no English, and answer to the names of SCIPIO and JOE. Scipio is about 4 ft. 4 in. high, remarkably well made, and much marked on the face and breast with his country marks. Joe is some inches taller, more slender made, and has also his country marks. Whoever will bring said Negroes to the above Estate, or secure them in any of the gaols of this island, and gives information thereof, shall receive a Pistole reward, and all reasonable expenses, from JAMES WILSON. 12 April 1777 Cornwal l Chronicle Trelawny Run away, since the beginning of November last, the following Negro slaves, viz: DUKE, a stout, likely, wellmade creole fellow, about 35 years old, of a yellowish complexion, no brandmark, is much troubled with the crabyaws about hi s feet.10 JONATHAN, a short, thick, well made fellow, about 23 years old, of the Portuguese [Congo] country, branded on both shoulders H A on top, he has an impediment in his speech, is of a very black complexion and has often passed as free. JACK, a very good cook, and sawyer by trade. SAM, a small, Concaw [ Canga ] fellow, about 40 years old, of a black complexion, I believe branded on one if not both shoulders, H A on top, and has lost all his fore teeth, is by trade a sawyer. Also runaway in September last, a stout, likely, wellmade, creole fellow named LANCASTER, about 40 years old, with bushy hair on his head, has lost the little toe of his left foot, no brandmark, a sawyer by trade, and of a yellowish complection. The above slaves have been often seen on Montego Bay of late. Any person apprehending them, or any part thereof, and will deliver them to the Subscriber, or secures them i n gaol, giving immediate notice thereof, shall receive twenty five Shillings reward for each, and on proof of being harboured by a white person, the informer shall receive for each ten Pounds reward, and if harboured by a Negro, five Pounds, from GEORGE FI SHER 10 This term likely refers to p lantars warts. Masters apparently developed their own cures, and presumably the slaves did as well. Here is one known treatment for crab yaws from 1752: Colonel Barclay says, put hog plum tree bark in a pot to boil with water till strong; then place it over a gentle fire, & keep the feet in it as hot as can be bore for nine days and nights, and it will effectually cure the crab yaws that he cures all his Negroes so; Douglas Hall, In Miserable Slavery: Thomas Thistlewood in Jamaica, 175086 (Kingston, J amaica: University of the West Indies Press, 1999), p.38.

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22 12 April 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Taken up, at Glasgow Estate, a new Negro MAN of the Chamba country, no mark, about 5 ft. 10 in. high, says that he was bought out of one of the cargoes Mr. VAUGHAN sold, and that his master is dead. Whoever proves t heir right to the above Negro, may have him on payment of all charges. 13 April 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Boyance, Hanover Run away, from this Estate, a Negro MAN, about fourteenth months ago, a stout, able, Coromantee Negro, marked T B [upside down], between, on one shoulder and C R between, on the other. Whoever apprehends him and sends him to me, shall receive three Pounds, with other charges, or gives information where he is harboured or concealed shall on conviction of the person offending, either white, mulatto or Negro, receive tend Pounds from COLIN REID 14 April 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Taken up, a few days ago, a new Negro MAN, a Breechee of the Eboe country ,11 marked G T Whoever owns the said Negro may have him, by applying t o the Subscriber near Weston Favel Estate, and paying the charges. EDWARD DAVIS 20 April 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Taken up, at the New Ramble, a new Negro GIRL of the Eboe country, without any mark, she is of a yellow complexion, aged about 14, cannot tell who she belongs to. Also a Negro man boy [MAN] of a black complexion, marked R of the Eboe country. Whoever owns the said Negroes may have them on applying to the Subscriber, and paying the charges of advertising, &c. JOHN 11 The term Breechee likely refers to Igbo men with especially ennobling facial scarifications called mgburichi [mbreechee]. Historically, these were the sons of the z Nri (priest king) of t he ancient religio polity of Nri (founded ca.1000 CE) in precolonial central and northern Igboland (eastern Nigeria), signifying ritual royalty. They were men who had attained the highest ritual status in the title societies ( ozo ) and who were thus marked ( ichi) heavily in the face; they were empowered to travel throughout the land resolving disputes, crowning newly titled men, and creating markets and shrines, all in recognition of the pervasive Earth Deity ( Ana / Ala ). See M. Angulu Onwuejeogwu, An Igb o Civilization: Nri Kingdom & Hegemony (London: Ethnographica, 1981), p.11; A.E. Afigbo, Ropes of Sand: Studies in Igbo History and Culture (Ibadan, Nigeria: University Press, Ltd., 1981), pp.5355; Daryll Forde and G.I. Jones, The Ibo and Ibibiospeaking Peoples of SouthEastern Nigeria (London: International African Institute, 1950), pp.1920, 32.

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23 FOWLER 24 April 1777 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from the Subscriber on the 2nd instant, two Negro men of the Moco or Bebe country, marked on the right shoulder T S on top, had on when they went away, oznaburg frocks. One a stout, able fellow, with cut teeth, about 5 ft. 10 in. high, named GOLIAH; the other is a stout fellow about 5 ft. 8 in. high, and answers to the name of JOHN. They are both new Negroes, and speak very little English. Whoever will secure them, or either of them, or will bring them to me at Blue Hole Estate, or to RICHARD SAMUELLS Esq., at Bellmount, from whence they ran away to work at Tom s Spring in Trelawny, or to Richard McBurn, Montego Bay, shall receive a Pistole reward, and all charges. Also runaway from said Subscriber, on the 25th of July 1775, a Negro man, named CHARLES, was then a new Negro, and spoke little or no English, is of the Moco country, from Greenside Estate in Trelawny, the property of ROBERT McGHIE Esq., marked T S on top; it is not known but the mark might be obliterated. He is a stout, squat fellow, about 5 ft. 5 in. high, round visaged, and very black. Whoever will secure or bring said Negro as above, shall receive th e same reward. THOMAS STENNETT 3 May 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Ran away, from Haughton Tower Estate,12 a new Negro MAN, well made, of a black complexion, marked M I on his right shoulder, speaks no English, and is of the Moco country. Any person that takes him up and sends him to Edmund Jackson, Esq., Montego Bay, or to the overseer on said Estate, shall receive a Pistole reward. THOMAS CONNELL 5 May 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Ran away, from the Subscriber on the 19th of April, four new Negroes of the Congo country, who answer to the following names; TONY, HILL, RANGER, and BEN. Tony is a square set fellow, about 25 years of age, and about 5 ft. 5 in. high. Ranger is a manboy, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, of a very black complexion and about 18 years old. Ben is about 25 years old, 5 ft. 4 in. high, and has a remarkable scar of burn on one of his arms. Whoever will bring them to the Subscriber, or give information where they may be found, shall receive two Pistoles reward. JOHN WHITTAKER 12 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.278, 279.

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24 10 May 1777 Cornwall Chronicle Ran away, from Canaan Estate, in the parish of Westmoreland, a creole Negro man, named VULCAN, marked W H R in one, stout, 5 ft. 6 in. high, of a yellow complexion, speaks remarkable good English, and is a famous Banjaw man. He is supposed to be in the neighbourhood of Wallingford Estate in the parish of St. Elizabeth. Whoever will secure said Negro and send him to Canaan aforesaid, or lodge him in any of the gaols and give notice of his being in safe custody, shall receive five Pounds reward, from W. H. RICKETTS 1779 7 April 1779 Jamaica Mercury King ston Run away, from the Subscriber the following Negro slaves, viz., TOM HALL, a creole, a stout fellow, hired lately to Mr. JACOB DE CASTRO as a coachman. LONDON, of a middle stature, a Coromantee formerly the property of Mrs. ABIGAIL PEREIRA and lived at Hunts Bay. ESTHER, an elderly woman, of a yellow complexion, a washer woman, short and thick. She was formerly the property of BESSY NEDHAM. ISAAC FEURTADO.13 24 April 1779 Jamaica M ercury Kingston Ran away, from Colburn Gully, St. Dorothy, the 8th instant, a mulatto fellow named LEWIS, a creole of Guadeloupe, who was taken on board the prize General Gates He is a short fellow, and marked on his right shoulder I H but I believe almos t obliterated, and has a sore on his right heel; he was seen by a Gentleman in Port Royal Street the 12th instant with shoes and trousers, and an old shirt. He has been used to the seafaring business and will endeavour to pass for a free man; one Pistole r eward. WILLIAM THOMPSON. 27 April 1779 Jamaica Mercury St. Thomas in the East 13 See also Jamaica Mercury, Kingston, 30 Jul y 1779. Run away from the Subscriber, a Negro man named TOM HA LL, a coachman by trade; formerly lived with Mr. JACOB DE CASTRO of this town. He is often seen going in and out of the gaol, to visit some of his comrades there, as also at the east end of town. Whoever apprehends the said fellow, and brings him to me, or to Mr. Emanuel Baruch Lousada, shall be handsomely rewarded. And if proof can be had of his being harboured by any person or persons, he or they may depend upon being prosecuted with the utmost rigour of the law. SARAH FEURTADO.

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25 Fifty Pistoles reward. Run away, a Negro man named FERDINAND, but passes commonly by the name of PHILANDER ; he is a low squat fellow, had been used to the sea, and it is imagined he will attempt to get on board a privateer. He formerly belonged to Mr. BOWLER of this town, who sold him to Mr. NELSON. Any person who will apprehend and bring him to the Subscriber, or lodge him in Kingston gaol, shall receive four Pistoles reward, a nd any one who can prove that he is harboured by a Negro or mulatto shall be entitled to twelve Pistoles, or by a white person, fifty Pistoles, to be paid on conviction of the offender. FARLIE CHRISTIE 30 April 1779 Jamaica Mercury Custom House, Kingston Ran away, from GEORGE FRENCH, Esq., to whom he was hired, a young Negro man named SHARPER, about 5 ft. high, of a slender make and marked on the black of the right shoulder with I E ; he is a complete waiting man and barber, and had on when he went away a pompadour coat, with frogs of the same colour. It is probable that he may attempt to pass as free, having already under an imposition of that kind taken a cruize in one of his Majesty s ships of war, by the name of Tom Jones. JAMES ELFORD. 7 May 1779 Ja maica Mercury St. Ann Run away, from the Subscriber about three weeks ago, a Negro boy named JACK, of the Congo country, about 15 or 16 years of age, and, being a waiting boy since he came to the country, speaks tolerable good English. Being sent to the Pr ovost Marshal s office in Spanish Town upon business, had there received some papers of consequence to being with him, which he did not return to deliver, it is supposed, as he may have such papers about him, he may expect to pass unmolested on that account. The above boy has no brandmark, and had on when he went away a suit of darkcoloured fustian. Reward of two Pounds fifteen Shillings. ANDREW BYRNE 8 May 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, a few weeks past, a Negro woman slave named SYLVIA, of t he Coromantee country, marked on each shoulder I H Whoever will secure her in any of the gaols of this island, shall receive one Pistol e reward from JOHN HARDWAR 8 May 1779 Jamaica Mercury Clarendon

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26 Taken up, on St Jago Estate in this parish, a new N egro MAN of the Mundingo [Mandingo] country, without any mark. Whoever proves him their property, and pays charges to William Raynolds, carpenter on D enbigh Estate may have him. 12 May 1779 Jamaica Mercury Run away, from the Subscriber, a Negro wench nam ed LUCY, with her sambo child named BILLY, late the property of ELIAS ABOAH FURTADO. She is of a black complexion, abut 5 ft. 6 in. high, and well known in the Three Towns. One Pistole reward. RALPH DE PASS 13 May 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from me about three months ago, a Negro man slave named GLOSTER, aged between 30 and 40 years, marked on the right shoulder A I or A H on top. He has a full beard, large broad lips, speaks thick and fast, is bow legged, and has the marks of a large sor e, not perfectly cured, on the lowest part of his left leg. He had on when he went away a pair of black breeches and a check shirt. He is supposed to skulk in the day time about the land on Barbican Penn near Rock Fort, to cut wood, and bring to Town in the evening for sale; but as he is a cook, he may hire himself out as such, under the authority of a forged ticket, to work either onboard a ship (especially a privateer) [sic] or on shore. One Pistole reward. E. BOWES 15 May 1779 Jamaica Mercury Taken up, at Albion Estate in the parish of St. David upon the 1st of May,14 a Negro fellow of the Mundingo country, about 5 ft.101/2 in. high. He calls himself GEORGE, speaks very little English, has an impediment in his speech, and is marked upon the right shoul der F D Any person proving a property in the said Negro may have him, by applying at the said Estate, and payi ng the expenses. 19 May 1779 Jamaica Mercury Spanish Town Run away, from the Subscriber about three weeks ago, a Negro boy named ANCRAM, marked on the left shoulder A C well known in this town, Kingston, and in most parts of the SouthSide. He has been lately seen in Sixteen Mile Walk, where he is supposed to be harboured. Whoever will bring him to me, shall receive a Pistole reward, and if he can b e proved to be harboured, the 14 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.139145.

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27 informer shall be entitled to ten Pistoles, from A. CUMMING. 24 May 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from the Subscriber on Sunday last, a Negro fellow named CUDJOE, well known in Kingston. He was last year harboured about eight months by a mulatto woman in St. Mary named Lydia Small; but be it at her peril to do so in future. Any person apprehending him or giving information where he is harboured, will receive two Pounds fifteen Shillings reward, by applying to Mr. De nnis Kelly in Kingston, or to LAURENCE MEIGHON. 3 June 1779 Jamaica Mercury St. Ann Run away, the 1st of March last, a Negro man named BILLY, of the Coromantee country, a mason by trade. He is a well made fellow, about 5 ft. 2 or 3 in. high, has a large bushy head and beard (the latter he keeps close shaved) [sic] and a large mouth. He is marked on both shoulders with H M C was seen lately in St. George with two mason s trowels. He is well acquainted in St. George and Portland, having formerly worked wi th Mr. LAWRENCE ROBERTSON in both parishes; is well acquainted all down North Side, having waited on the Subscriber a number of years. Whoever will secure and lodge him in any of the gaols of this island, giving information, shall be entitled to forty Shillings; if brought to the Subscriber s penn, nigh the Moncague [sic] fifty five Shillings; if harboured or concealed, the informer, on conviction of the offender, shall have twenty Pistoles if a white person, any other colour (if free) [sic] ten Pistoles; a slave, five Pistoles. HUGH McCORMICK. 11 June 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from the Subscriber about a week ago, a Negro fellow named CASTALIO, marked on both breasts and on the right shoulder, W B Whoever will bring him to me shall receiv e a Pistole reward. Captains or other persons whatsoever, shall, on conviction of hiring or harbouring the said Negro, be prosecuted to the utmost rigour off the law. WILLIAM BRYANT 12 June 1779 Jamaica Mercury Port Royal Run away, about the beginning of May last, a new Negro wench named MARY, of the Mundingo country. She is short and thick, has a scar on her left arm; she has very full breasts, small eyes,

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28 and her teeth have been filed. Whoever will bring her to the Subscriber shall receive a Pistole re ward, and if any person will give information by whom she is harboured or concealed, the informer, on conviction of the offender, shall have ten Pistoles (if a white person) [sic] ; any other colour (if free) [sic] five Pistoles; a slave, fifty Shillings, p er WILLIAM SNELL. 12 June 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, the 30th of March last, a Negro fellow named AMES, of the Eboe country, and marked A L T in one on the left shoulder. He is well made, and about 5 ft. high, with his country mark in his fa ce, and saw teeth. Whoever apprehends and brings him to the Subscriber shall receive a Pistole reward; and be it at their peril to harbour or conceal him, as they will prosecuted to the uptmost rigour of the law. ABRAHAM LOPES TORRES 15 June 1779 Jamaic a Mercury Esther Estate, St. Mary Run away, from the Subscriber in September or October last, a new Negro MAN of the Mundingo country, marked G M He was taken up sometime ago in St. Mary, but escaped. Whoever will apprehend said Negro, and give informati on thereof to the Subscriber on the above estate, shall be thankfully rewarded. GEORGE MUNRO. 16 June 1779 Jamaica Mercury Liguanea Run away, a Negro man named APOLLO, a carpenter by trade. He is roundshouldered, about 5 ft. 2 in. high, and is marked W H or S H on his shoulders. Was formerly the property of Mrs. WISE of Kingston. He is also a good fisherman, at which business it is supposed he employs himself, as he has been seen lately at the east end of Kingston with fish. Also, PRISCILLA, a market wom an, well known in Kingston; is elderly and has absconded with money that she has received for provisions, &c. she has sold. Also, CHLOE, and SYLVIA (or Bob) [sic], both washer women and house Negroes who were hired out in Kingston by the month, and have ma de off with several months wages. They are both very able women, and were formerly belonging to Mrs. MARTHA EWERS dec. Chloe has her mother with her, named CLARINDA, a tall thin woman, rather elderly. Whoever will secure any of the above Negroes, and send them to the Subscriber s penn in Liguanea, shall have a Pistole reward. If harboured or concealed, the informer, on conviction of the offender, shall be paid twenty Pounds, if by a white person; and if by a Negro or mulatto, five Pounds. WILLIAM HARRIS

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29 16 June 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, on Sunday the 30th of May last, a North American Negro wench named FLORA, well known in this Town. Whoever secures said wench, and delivers her to the Subscriber, shall receive two Pounds fifteen Shillings. AUGUSTIN WILLIAM BURKE 23 June 1779 Jamaica Mercury Friendship Park in St. Ann Taken up, a few days ago, a tall stout Negro man who calls himself WILL, has been out 18 months, and belongs to one MORGAN, who left him, from his leaving the island, to one BURK He is marked R R, at bottom, hardly visible, on both shoulders; has his country marks on his face, calls himself a Portuguese [Congo] and has been wounded with small shot. Whoever owns said Negro, may have him by applying as above, proving their property, and paying the charge of advertising. 2 July 1779 Jamaica Mercury East Kingston Run away, from the Subscriber about ten days ago, a good looking boy named LONDON, aged about 13 years. He had on when he went away, a long frock, and is marked on the left shoulder with B S. It is supposed he is gone to Martha Brae, as he lived two years there with Captain BEN. SMITH Also a likely boy, aged about 11 or 12 years, named BOB. They were seen about five days ago near the Angels, beyond Spanish Town, by John Douglass a free mula tto boy who, knowing them to be my property, laid hold of one of them; but a higgling woman that brings plantains to Spanish Town rescued him and said he was her son. Bob was lately bought from Capt. WILLIAM SMITH of Kingston. Whoever will give information of the said two Negro boys, or lodge them in any of the gaols, giving notice thereof to the Subscriber, shall receive two Pistoles for each of them, and all charges paid JOSEPH HOWELL 2 July 1779 Jamaica Mercury Taken up, near Morant Bay, a young Mundingo wench who says her name is FANNY. She is of a yellow complexion, will not tell her owner s name, and has been used to sell things about Kingston streets. Whoever owns the said Negro may have her, by applying to the Subscriber near Morant Bay, on payi ng for this advertisement, and a gratuity to t he Negroes who took her up.

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30 6 July 1779 Jamaica Mercury Vere Run away, from Amity Hall Estate in this parish about the 25 th May last, a creole Negro man named TROUBLE, about 5 ft. 8 in. high, a remarkable li kely well made fellow. He has some relations about the Red Hills near Spanish Town, where it is most probable he is concealed. Whoever apprehends said Negro slave, giving notice of the same, shall be handsomely rewa rded, by applying as above. 7 July 1779 Jamaica Mercury Hordly,15 St. Thomas in the East Run away, from the Subscriber the beginning of last May, a stout, well made [ new ] Negro man named DICK, his country unknown, pitted with the smallpox, and marked on the right shoulder, R G ; 5 ft. 7 or 8 in. high. Has been eleven months in this country and talks a little English. Whoever apprehends said Negro and brings him to me on the above Estate, or lodges him in any gaol in this island, shall receive forty Shillings reward, and all reasonable charges, f rom ROBERT GRANT 9 July 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Whereas a Negro boy, about 16 years of age, named THOMAS, much pitted with the smallpox, came and voluntarily entered himself as a free person with CHRISTOPHER ATKINS Esq., commander of his Majesty s ship Aeolus in quality of his servant, a considerable time since, and intelligence since having been given, of the said Negro boy not being free; this is therefore to give notice that any person or persons whomsoever that can prove the said Negro boy to be their property, may have him, by applying on board said ship, as also, all wages due. Should no person apply within three weeks, the said boy will be discharged from the ship. 17 July 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, about six weeks past, the following Negroes, TOM BULL, a creole of Port Royal, a fisherman; it is supposed he is harboured by some of his family there. CATO, a new Negro, upwards of 6 ft. high, pitted with the smallpox, of the Mundingo country, marked W B on his right shoulder; it is supposed he is at Old Harbour or Clarendon, as he was going that way. Any person who will lodge either of the above slaves in gaol shall receive a Pistole reward; or upon 15 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.125128.

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31 conviction of any person harbouring them, they shall receive ten Pounds reward. W. BAILEY 20 July 1779 Jamaica Mercury St. Ann Run away, from the Subscriber about five weeks ago, a Negro boy named JACK, of the Congo country, about 15 or 16 years of age, and has no brandmark. He speaks tolerable good English, and it is supposed that he has taken the Clarendon road, being well acquainted in that parish. Two Pounds fifteen Shillings reward will be given for taking him up, and lodging him in any of the gaols of this island, giving information thereof. ANDREW BYRNE 23 July 1779 Jamaica Mercury Run away, from the Subscriber about a fortnight ago, two new Mungola Negroes [MAN] [MAN] They are stout, well made, young fellows marked I M, with a on top. Whoever will secure the above Negroes, and deliver them to the Subscriber in East King ston, shall receive two Pistoles reward for each, and all reasonable charges. JOSEPH MANUEL 28 July 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from the Subscriber about ten days ago, a Negro boy named SHARPER, about 5 ft. 4 in. high, marked on the right shoulder I E formerly belonged to Mr. ELFORD Had on when he went away, blue breeches and oznaburg frock. Whoever secures him in gaol shall receive a Pistole reward, from CLAYTON LITTLEHALES 31 July 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from the Subscr iber, a tall thin Negro wench [WOMAN] of the Ebo country, yellow skin, marked with the smallpox, purchased of GRACE GRAHAM a free mulatto about two years ago. She was claimed by Mr. LITTLEJOHN the 15th of this month, and went away the 19th. Whoever apprehe nds said slave, and will bring her to me, shall receive two Pistoles reward. FRANCIS LORA, in West street. 6 August 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston

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32 Run away, from the Subscriber, a Negro boy named POMPEY. He speaks very little English and is marked on one shoulder I D but scarcely perceivable. Whoever apprehends the said Negro, and will either lodge him in Kingston gaol or bring him to our store in Port Royal Street, shall receive a Pistole reward, from CLAYTON LITTLEHALES & CO. 7 August 1779 Jamaica Mer cury Kingston Whereas a Negro fellow named PRIMUS, well known as a servant in the taverns in this town and Spanish Town, belonging to ABRAHAM MENDES CUNHA, did in November last, stab me with a knife, being then in my service, and immediately after robbed m e and ran away; this is to give notice that a reward of two Pounds fifteen Shillings will be paid to any person apprehending the said Negro and lodging him in any of the jails of this island, so that he may be brought to justice. JOHN TALLON. 10 August 1779 Jamaica Mercury St. Elizabeth Run away, about the 20th of February last from Prospect Penn in this parish, a Negro man named JOE, of the Eboe country, marked on the right shoulder I H with o on top. He is a likely young fellow, about 5 ft. 4 in. high, of a yellow complexion, by trade a carpenter. Whoever will deliver him at said Penn, or lodge him in any of the gaols of this island, giving notice thereof to the Subscriber, shall receive fifty five Shillings reward. JOSEPH HENDERSON. 15 August 1779 Ja maica Mercury Blue Mountain Valley Taken up, a Negro man, pitted a little with the smallpox, 5 ft. 6 in. high, calls himself CATO, says he was a fisherman, his master s name MESQUITA, and that some time ago, upon his death of the smallpox, he and five othe rs went away. He has an indistinct mark on his right shoulder like W P He seems to have been purchased from the French prize Guineaman, sold by Campbell & Galbraith and Jacques & Fisher. The proprietor may apply to J. DONALDSON. 27 August 1779 Jamaica M ercury Kingston Run away, from the Subscriber, an Indian boy named JAMES, who has been seen at Spanish Town lately; and, agreeable to the present law, he has eighteen months to complete his indenture. Therefore, this is to request that no person will harbour the said boy. A reward of twenty five

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33 Shillings will be given to any person that will apprehend said Indian boy, and deliver him to MARY HOBKIRK. 30 August 1779 Jamaica Mercury Luana, St. Elizabeth Run away, from the Subscriber on the 11th of August l ast, a Negro woman named FLORA, born in Kingston, remarkable for having what is called a Scald Head, not having the smallest appearance of hair on it. Also, her daughter PHIBA, calls herself often CUBA and ABBA She is marked on both shoulders A W raised in lumps, from endeavouring to take them out; she is also marked on both cheeks and breast, if narrowly examined. Phiba was seen in company with a Negro man CUFFIE (who resides on the parsonage of this parish) [sic] on the road leading to One Eye Estate, and supposed gone towards town where they have relations, and at Mr. William Clarke s. On Mr. Keymess s estate, to windward, lies a son of Flora, called Johne. They are well acquainted with Bessy Barrow, who left this parish to live in town, at the same ti me Phiba and Flora ran away. Whoever apprehends the above Negroes Flora and Phiba shall have two Pistoles reward for each, on their being secured in gaol, or otherwise, that the owner may get them. All reasonable expenses shall be allowed, over and above t he reward. Whoever harbours, employs, or conceals them, shall be prosecuted according to law. A reward of four Pistoles shall be given to the informer, on conviction of the offender, by ALEXANDER WALKER 30 August 1779 Jamaica Mercury Montego Bay Run awa y, from Kingston the 19th December last, a Negro waiting man named FOOTE, about 5 ft. 10 in. high, stout made, very black, smoothfaced, thick lips, and talks thick; is well known in Kingston and Spanish Town. He was some time at Port Royal, and passed by the name of JAMES a free man; he was since at Withywood, by the name of FRANK, a free man, about Salt Savanna, Carlisle Bay, Milk River, and about the Savanna. The Subscriber living at Salt Savanna in the year 1770, this fellow was then waiting on him, but is grown so lusty that he can hardly be known to be the same; possibly he may be lurking about that parish. Any person apprehending the said Negro, and lodging him in any of the gaols of this island, and acquainting the Subscriber per Post, or otherwise, shall receive five Pounds reward, by applying to Mr. Mark Howard in Kingston, Mr. George Cocksedge in Spanish Town, Mr. Thomas Grant, D.M. in Clarendon or Vere, or the owner at Montego Bay, besides all reasonable charges. EDMUND KELLY.16 14 September 1779 Jamaica Mercury 16 See Jamaica Mercury ( 22 January 1780) in which he advertised anew for the same slave, now known as TORBAY.

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34 Kingston Run away, from the Subscriber on Saturday evening last, a Negro boy named JULY, of the Chamba country, he is about 16 years of age, tall, rather lean, and has his country marks on his face. He speaks very good English, and had on when he went away, a check shirt with blue breeches. Any person who apprehends the said Negro and will deliver him to the Printers hereof or to the Subscriber at Port Morant shall receive a handsome gratuity, and all reasonable charges from JOHN KERR N.B As the boy never ran away before, the Subscriber is afraid he is forcibly detained by some person, who, he hopes on reading this will release him, as he is determined otherwise to proceed to the utmost rigour against any pe rson with whom he is found. 16 September 1779 Jamaica Mercury St. Thomas in the East Taken up, at the Hermitage, a new Negro MAN of the Moco country, can speak no English, and has no mark. He had a deep wound in his head when he was taken up, and is about 5 ft. 7 in. high; whoever cla ims him, and proving their property, may have him, and paying the charges of this advertisement, by applying to JOHN MACKINTOSH at the said place. 18 September 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, on Tuesday the 14th instant, a Congo Negro boy named F ORTUNE, about 13 years of age, and without any but his country marks. Had on when he went off, a check shirt and ruffia drab breeches, can speak tolerable English, and as he is but slightly acquainted with town it is supposed he is gone to Liguanea, where he for some time waited on his master Mr. JAMES FRANCIS COSTELLO; from whom he is hired by the Subscriber, who will pay all reasonable charges that may attend his commitment to prison, or being sent to Mr. Howard s tavern, in this town, from whence he eloped. Should he be found under detention after this public notice, those in whose possession he may be detected shall be prosecuted as the law directs. RICHARD MASON. 20 September 1779 Jamaica Mercury Unity Valley Run away, the 12th of May last from Unity Valley Pen in St. Thomas in the East, a short, thick Negro man named PHILIP, of the Mundingo country, marked I G on top upon the one shoulder and G MT upon the other. He was formerly the property of JOHN GRANT a coppersmith, of Hanover, dec., and lived afterwards with GEORGE McINTOSH a mason, also of Hanover, dec. It is supposed he has attempted to go to that parish. Whoever will apprehend the said Negro and secure him in any of the public gaols of this island, or deliver him to Alexander

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35 Innis, Esq., at torney at law, at Montego Bay, Mr. Henry Farquharson a coppersmith there, Mr. George Forteath a merchant in Kingston, or to the Suscriber at Unity Valley Penn, will receive a Half a Joe reward, and all reasonable charges, by applying to any of the said gentlemen, or to WILLIAM McPHERSON. 25 September 1779 Jamaica Mercury Run away, from Orange River Plantation in the parish of St. Mary in July 1778,17 a creole Negro woman named MARY GOLD. She was harboured some time past at a penn in Liguanea but was seen about two months ago at Port Henderson, big with child. Whoever harbours her will be prosecuted according to law, but whoever apprehends her and will give information to WALTER POLLOCK on said Plantation, or to Thomas Bell in this town, shall be handsomely rewarded. 27 September 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston 17 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.245. Run away, on Monday the 13th instant from the Ferry where he was employed on the New Works, a mullatoe [ mulatto ] carpenter named JAMES BAXTER, but sometimes calls himself ALEXANDER McCREA, under which name he came since Martial Law to Spanish Town as a soldier in the St. Ann s Foot. He is about 40 years of age, about 5 ft. 10 or 11 in. high, lisps a little, and has a downlook. He had been run away about eleven years when taken, and had all or most of that time lived at Cardiff Hall, Mr. Mumby s, and the places adjacent to Runaway Bay in St. Ann. Whoever will apprehend the said runaway, and lodge him in any of the gaols in this island, shall receive five Pounds reward from the proprietor. He has also gone by the name of Saunders. PHILIP PRIOLEAU 1 October 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from onboard a sloop, Captain SKINNER lying in Kingston harbour, a new Negro MAN, a sailor, of the Mungola country, marked I M on the right shoulder, and country marks all about his breast. It is suspected he is working on board some of the vessels in the harbour. Two Pistoles reward to any person who will bring him to the Subscriber, and five Pounds to whoever will give information on where he is harboured. J OSEPH MANUEL 2 October 1779 Jamaica Mercury

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36 Strayed away, on the 16th of August from the Subscriber a t Port Royal, a new Negro wench [WOMAN] of the Mundingo country, about 16 years of age, yellow complexion, thin, speaks little English, a scar on her left leg, it having been laid open by the Doctor. Her country marks, as he recollects, are six strokes on each side her cheeks; had on a short oznaburg coat and frock. Whoever will apprehend and deliver the said slave to the Subscriber next door to Salthouses s Tavern in Port Royal, shall receive two Pistoles reward, and all reasonable charges paid. It is suspected she has been taken up at some of the penns near Salt Ponds. BENJAMIN BRAXTON. 9 October 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from the Subsc riber on Monday last, an elderly Negro woman of the Congo country, named ABIGAIL. She is a short, thick wench, rather inclined to fat, yellowish complexion, is a washerwoman, and well known in the three towns, was formerly the property of a mulatto woman named CHRISTIAN GREGORY, now living at or near Old Harbour. Any person who will apprehend, and bring said Negro wench to the Subscriber in Churchstreet, or lodge her in any of the gaols of this island, shall receive a Pistole reward. Or any person proving she is harboured by a Negro or mulatto, shall be entitled to two Pistoles, or by a white person, ten Pounds, to be paid on conviction of the offender. J. PIDGLEY. 9 October 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from the Subscriber, the two following sl aves, well known in the three towns, viz., CUDJO and TOM, field Negroes. Whoever brings them to the Subscriber in Kingston, or lodges then in gaol, shall be well rewarded. D. MORTON. 16 October 1779 Jamaica Mercury Liguanea Run away, from said penn the 6th of June last, a Negro boy named GRANTHAM, late the property of Miss HUNTER in Kingston. He is about 17 years of age and is marked upon the left shoulder D MLc and upon the right shoulder H He is a well looked boy, and is supposed to be harboured about Kingston. Whoever will apprehend him and lodge him in gaol, or bring him to the Subscriber, shall receive a Pistole reward. DUNCAN McLACHLAND. 16 October 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston

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3 7 Run away, from the Subscriber about 16 months ago, a young Negro wenc h named PHOEBA, of a yellow complexion, speaks good English, has on the bottom part of one of her ears a lump, occasioned by an ear ring; and one of her shoulders has been marked, which has risen so as to be almost defaced. Whoever will apprehend the said wench and lodge her in the gaol in this town, shall receive a reward of two Pistoles, and any person who can give information where the said wench is harboured, so that the person can be convicted, shall receive a reward of five Pounds, from CHRISTIANA BAKER 23 October 1779 Jamaica Mercury Taken up, at sea on Monday the 27th ult., distant about eight leagues from the east end of Jamaica, a French canoe, with two Negroes on board, who talk a little English, and say they left Hispaniola twelve days prior t o that date; the one a MAN about 30 years of age, 5 ft. 8 in. high, with three scars on each side of his face; the other a WOMAN about 25 years of age, 5 ft. 5 in. high, and one scar on each side of her face, but no other marks that are discernable. Any pe rson in this island proving their property therein, may have the Negroes, on application to Andrew Glasby, master of the ship Baltimore now lying at St. Ann s Bay. 2 November 1779 Jamaica Mercury Taken up, at Bath, two young new Negro men [MAN] [MAN] of the Mongola [Mungola] country, without any brandmark, and who cannot speak English, one of them has a remarkable scar at the corner of his mouth, and they pretend to have come through the woods from NorthSide. They will be returned to their owner, on his paying for this advertisement, and giving a small gratuity to the Negroes who caught them, by THOMAS CLARKE 2 November 1779 Jamaica Mercury Run away, from my estate in the parish of St. Andrew, a dark mulatto fellow named BOB, by trade a cooper, of t he middle stature; it is supposed he is harboured in town by some of his relations. Whoever apprehends and brings him to the Subscriber in Kingston, shall be handsomely rewarded, and if proof can be had of his being harboured by any person or persons, he o r they shall be prosecuted with the utmost rigour of the law. ISAAC FEURTADO. 6 November 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from the Subscriber on Wednesday the 30th inst., a Negro woman named SYLVIA, of the Coromantee country, marked on one of her shoulders M L S Whoever will apprehend and

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38 bring the said slave to the Subscriber, at the corner next the Whipping Post, shall receive a reward of one Pistole, and whoever harbours or conceals her will, upon proff, be prosecuted according to law. JUDITH F ERNANDES HENRIQUES 13 November 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, a Negro man named GLASGOW, well known in Kingston and St. Thomas in the East. Whoever apprehends and brings him to me shall be handsomely rewarded. JOHN ROWAND FORRESTER 13 November 1779 Jamaica Mercury Run away, from Round Hill in Hanover, a Negro man named WILLIAM, formerly called LONDON, about 33 years old, of a yellow complexion, born in Port Royal, by trade a cook, formerly the property of Capt. ALEXANDER HAMILTON, dec., now of the Subscriber. Also, a Negro man named JACK, a postilion and waiting man, about 22 years old, born in Kingston, late the property of the Subscriber, but now of WILLIAM HALL, Esq. Whoever will secure them in any of the gaols or deliver them to Mr. Thomas Brown in Spanish Town, William Hall at Round Hill, or at the Bog Estate, Saint Ann, shall receive Half a Joe for each; they are well known about the three towns. CHARLES BOSWELL 16 November 1779 Jamaica Mercury St. Mary Run away, from the Subscriber the 1 st of this month, JACK, a Portuguese [Congo] mulatto slave; he is well made, stout, likely fellow, about 20 years of age, and marked L T in one, with on top, on one of his shoulders; has been enlisted in Kingston since he absconded, and carried down t o the MusquitoShore, from whence he was sent back to this island. All masters of vessels, commanders of privateers, and others, are desired not to harbour, employ, or enlist him, as, upon conviction, they will be prosecuted to the very utmost rigour of the law. Whoever will secure him in either of the gaols of this island, shall receive from the Subscriber or Mr. Westmoreland in Kingston, two Pounds fifteen Shillings. He passes by the name of JOHN MURRAY. LUCIUS TUCKER 20 November 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kin gston Run away, from the Subscriber, a Negro woman named ESTHER, a washerwoman. She is an elderly wench, and yellowish complexion, formerly belonging to PASSY NEEDHAM a free mulatto woman. Also, CUBA, a seamstress, and SUKEY, her daughter; both which are

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39 r emarkably well known in this town. The latter has often been caught on board sundry vessels in this harbour and at Port Royal. Whoever apprehends any or all of the above Negroes, and will bring them to the Subscriber shall be by her handsomely rewarded. Ca ution is given to all persons not to harbour any of the above Negroes, as they will be, on conviction, prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. SARAH FEURTADO. 22 November 1779 Jamaica Mercury Spanish Town Run away, from the Subscriber, about five months, two Negro wenches named SARAH and FLORA. The latter is a short wench, with a surly countenance, and the former carried with her, her CHILD, about 11 months old; she is a tall, stout black; she lived two years with Parson TEAL They both are very well known in the three towns. The former is supposed to be harboured about Old Harbour and Mamme Gully, she was seen at Byndloffers Penn lately; and the latter at the parish of Vere and Milk River; supposed to be at Perrin s estate with her husband, a mulatto fisherman named Johnny. Whoever will apprehend the said Negroes, and bring them to the Subscriber, shall receive a Pistole reward for each, and all reasonable charges paid, and whoever will give information where they are harboured or concealed, shall on c onviction of the offender or offenders receive if a white person ten Pounds, and if a mulatto or Negro five Pounds reward from the Subscriber. RACHEL MENDES 26 November 1779 Jamaica Mercury Lime TreeGarden Penn Run away, in the time of Martial Law last, from the Subscriber, a Negro boy named COLIN, of the Mundingo country, about 16 years of age, had on when he went away a long oznaburg frock, one of his toes wants a nail, round face, big belly, and marked I W Whoever will bring the boy to Mr. John Read at Wallen s penn, or Mr. William Hill in Spanish Town, shall receive all reasonable charges, and any person giving information where they are harboured, if by a white person shall be paid on conviction five Pounds, if by a free Negro or mulatto, two Pounds. JOHN SINCLAIR 27 November 1779 Jamaica Mercury Run away, the following Negroes: AUGUST, of the Mundingo country, about 5 ft. 9 in. high, and a yellowish complexion, pitted with the smallpox, marked on the left shoulder I M, has been about five years in the country, is supposed to be at leeward, having got out of gaol at Savanna la Mar about two years ago; he was learning to be a cook. DUMFRIES, who formerly belonged to Captain CROCKATT Mr. JEFFERSON and ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL Esq., all of St. Ann wher e he now conceals himself; he was lately taken up at Rio Bueno Estate and broke out of

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40 stocks there. FORTUNE, formerly belonged to Mr. WILLIAM BONNY of Mount Pleasant in St. John, is said to have escaped out of Montego Bay gaol. YAW, he waited on Mr. POPE late Deputy Marshal for St. James, and has been a long time in and about the gaol of Montego Bay; a short, thin, bow legged fellow, a creole of St. George parish, belonging to Fort Stewart Estate, in said parish. KATE, a wench, formerly the property of SA RAH HARRIS late of St. John, is supposed to be harboured by one Jerew, about St. Elizabeth, who has children by her. STREPHON, belonged to JENNINGS late of St. Ann, is said to be harboured by a mulatto girl called Raymond [sic]. PLUM PUDDING, who lately l ived about St. Dorothy, a short, thickset fellow, about 20 years of age, belonged formerly to JOHN BURKE Esq. Whoever apprehends any of the above Negroes, and lodge them in any of the gaols, shall be rewarded. J. MEAD. 27 November 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, a month ago, a stout Negro wench named NELLY, she came lately from Georgia along with a number of others, and is either supposed to be harboured amongst them or by a white man that used to pay his nightly visits to her; she speaks thick and very bad English, has some marks upon her cheeks. She has absconded without any reason, and has the inhumanity to leave her infant child behind her. Also, run away, a stout Negro wench, about 8 months ago, named HOPE, supposed to be harboured about som e of Mr. Lord s estates, or in Clarendon mountains, near her late mistress, MARY SMITH, a free mulatto; she has upon one of her shoulders marked M S Whoever will apprehend either, will be greatly rewarded. All persons are warn ed against harbouring them. 30 November 1779 Jamaica Mercury Black River Run away, from the Subscriber the latter end of August last, a Negro MAN of the Succo country. He talks Coromantee, stout made, about 5 ft. 4 or 5 in. high, with a blemish on one of his eyes, tending to a philm ; marked M H in one on his shoulder. Whoever takes up the said Negro, and delivers him to the Subscriber at Black River, shall receive a Pistole reward, and all reasonable charges. MATTHEW HINEGAN. 30 November 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from Langley s estate in St. Mary, a Coromantee Negro man boy named JOHN, formerly a hair dresser in Kingston. He has been absent two years, and since then has been seen about Kingston, Montego Bay, and Martha Brae, also with fishermen at Port Royal. Whoever

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41 gives information where said Negro is harboured, so as he may be found, shall be handsomely rewarded, by appli cation on the above Estate. 2 December 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from the Subscriber the beginning of last month, a Negro fellow named TILLY, but has for some time passed by the name of BILLY He is a creole, and a very knowing fellow, marked on one of his shoulders M S ; as he was seen in Spanish Town a few days ago, it is imagined he is gone to leeward, as he has lived in most of the parishes there. Any person taking him up, and lodging him in any of the gaols in this island, or bringing him to the Subscriber, shall receive two Pounds fifteen Shillings; and any person harbouring him after this public notice, may depend upon being prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the l aw. 2 December 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, last Saturday a Negro woman, named NELLY; of a yellow complexion, tall and stooping; speaks good English, marked on the right shoulder H S She is turned of 30 ye ars of age, and has a sickly appearance. Had on when she left off a white frock and an old blue docas. She formerly belonged to Mrs. McDONALD who once resided in Montego Bay; it is supposed she is gone thither, or skulking about Kingston Penns, or probabl y in Port Royal. Whoever gives any information of her, or lodges her in the gaol of this town, shall be handsomely rewarded; whoever harbours or conceals her, will be prosecuted according to law, by JAMES MORRIS 3 December 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away from the Subscriber, the following slaves, viz., MARY, a mulatto woman, a seamstress, with her two children NED and WILLIAM. SAM (the above Mary s brother) [sic] a mulatto fellow, a carpenter by trade; the above mulattoes pass as free people, but the contrary will be shewn to any person by the Subscriber. CATALINA, a young woman, with her child JOHN. All of the above slaves were formerly the property of MOSES LAMERA, dec. Whoever apprehends and brings them to me in Kingston, shall be handsomely re warded; and if proof can be had of their being harboured by any person or persons, they may depend upon being prosecuted with the utmost rigour of the law; if they will deliver up themselves to me in the course of this week, they shall be kindly received. ISAAC FEURTADO. 4 December 1779

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42 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away from the subscriber, on Sunday last, a creole Negro fellow, formerly the property of Mr. SAMUEL WILKINSON, and now belonging to the estate of WILLIAM CHAMBERS dec. He is about 5 ft. 7 or 8 in. high, very black, has remarkable large eyes, and rather slim. Had on when he went away, a green frock coat, cocked hat, wore shoes, with a pair of plated buckles; as he is very expert in telling falsehoods, he may probably avoid detection by passing for a free man, (having already attempted to enlist in the new raised Corps, by the name of JAMES MOORE) [sic] Whoever will apprehend the said Negro, and lodge him in any of the jails in this island, so that the Subscriber may be apprized thereof, shall r eceive a reward of three Pounds. All captains of vessels, and others, are cautioned against concealing or attempting to carry off the island the said Negro slave, as they may depend on being prosecuted ac cording as the law directs. 4 December 1779 Jamaic a Mercury Run away, about two years ago from the above place, a Negro man named SUSSEX, supposed to be marked on the right shoulder A/C He is a light, active made Negro, rather high shouldered. A little pitted with the smallpox, and always was remarkably fast; his beard below his jaw bones (which he never shaves) [sic] is very black and bushy. He has been seen at Trelawny Town among the Maroons. A reward of five Pounds will be given whoever lodges him in any of the gaols of this island, or will deliver him to ARCH CAMPBELL 4 December 1779 Jamaica Mercury Run away, from Rozell Estate a creole Negro man, named CAESAR, well known in St. Thomas in the East and St. David; but being an artful fellow, may endeavor to pass in the Towns for free. He is a likely w ell made Negro, about 5 ft. 5 in. high; has the mark of a cut upon his chin, and a broad mark upon the back of one of his hands, where he was burnt when a child. Any person who apprehends the said Negro, and secures him in gaol, or delivers him to the Subs criber on the above estate, shall receive five Pounds reward, and all reasonable charges be paid; or if any person can give information by whom the above Negro is harboured, shall receive ten Pounds, upon conviction of the harbourer. ANDREW MURDOCH. 10 December 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Absconded, from the Subscriber a Negro boy about 14 years old, and 5 ft. high, is well set, speaks good English, and goes by the name of HOPE; he is late from Antigua, at which place he has heretofore lived. He has not any marks whatever, had on when he went away an oznaburg

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43 frock and trowsers. Whoever brings said Negro to me at Messrs. Dillworth & Baines Store, shall be handsomely rewarded. WILLIAM HAWKINS 18 December 1779 Jamaica Mercury Run away, from Hanson s pe nn the following Negroes. Any person apprehending and delivering any of them to the Hon. Simon Taylor, Esq., in Kingston, or to the Subscriber at the above Penn, shall receive two Pistoles for each. Viz. PLATO, a creole Negro man, about 5 ft. 8 in. high, of a very black complexion, much pitted with the smallpox, and very remarkable by having all the fingers of one hand so much contracted that he cannot extend them. TONEY, a creole Negro man, about 5 ft. high, of a very black complexion and sullen countenanc e; he was formerly a party man, and has been lately seen about the Governor s and the adjoining mountains. PRUE, a creole Negro wench, middle stature, of a dark complexion, with a downcast look, has been seen (about three weeks ago) [sic] in the King s yar d at Port Royal, and is supposed to be harboured by the sailors or caulkers in said yard. Pressed when at work at the Twelve Apostles Battery, about the14th of September last, to carry baggage for some of the Trelawny Militia when removing from thence, ORA NGE, a Negro man of the Congo country, yellow complexion, full faced, about 5 ft. 6 in., and remarkably well made. Pressed by some of the Militia, returning from Spanish Town, PLYMOUTH, a Negro man of the Congo country, about 5 ft. 10 in., dark complexion, thick lips, with several lumps upon his back and shoulders, and has some very little or no toes upon one of his feet. Whoever will prove, so as convict any person harbouring or employing any of the above Negroes, shall receive a reward of twenty Pistoles, by applying as above. N.B. If the Negroes return to their duty they will be forgiven, and it is expected the persons who pressed the above Negroes will return them without further notice. JAMES WRIGHT 25 December 1779 Jamaica Mercury Run away, from Ba rbicane Estate since April or May last a creole Negro wench, named AMBA, well known in Kingston, Port Royal, and Liguanea, and is supposed to be harboured in Port Royal. Any person who can be convicted of harbouring the said wench shall be prosecuted as the law directs; and whoever shall be so obliging to lodge her in any of the gaols, or send her to Barbicane Estate in Liguanea, shall be very handsomely rewarded, by RICHARD GILBERT WALL. 31 December 1779 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, since May 1775 a Negro man, named WILL, of the Mundingo country, a stout fellow, marked M G on the breast; talks very little English. And another Negro named OXFORD, about

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44 25 years old, of the Mundingo country, has large scars in the face, has his country marks, is strai ght and well made, about 5 ft. 9 in. high, marked on one shoulder T N spoke a little English when he eloped. They were the property of THOMAS NORRIS now of Portland when they went away, and are supposed to be harboured in some part of Clarendon. Whoever w ill deliver said Negroes to the Subscriber, or secure them in any gaol in the island, giving information to the Subscriber, shall receive fifty Shillings reward for each; or give information by whom they are harboured, shall receive twenty Pounds reward for each on conviction of the offender. Also, taken up by the said Norris in Portland the 23rd instant, a Negro man, who calls himself JAMES, about 5 ft. 5 in. high, of the Mundingo country, has filed teeth, and both his great toes cut off. Whoever will prove said Negro to be their property, may have him, paying the expenses attending him, by applying as above. RICHARD MILES 1780 8 January 1780 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from the Subscriber two Negro men, named QUASHIE and PETER. Quashie has been gone since December 1778, he is a sickly, slim made fellow, a creole, and marked on the shoulder and on his cheek W O ; he is an artful, cunning fellow and passes for a free man, he can speak a little French having been some time at Cape Nichola Mole. Peter is a new Negro, has been about six or nine months in the island, of the Angola country, marked on his shoulder H I ; he hardly can speak any English, or tell his owner s name; he had the yaws when he went away, but almost well. Whoever takes up said Negroe s and delivers them to me at the Watering Place in Kingston, shall receive five Pounds for Quashie, and a Pistole for the new Negro named Peter. N.B. Quashie goes sometimes by the name of LAWRENCE WALTER OGILVIE 8 January 1780 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from the Subscriber on Tuesday last a mulatto boy, named GEORGE, alias GEORGE KING, a barber and coachman; was formerly the property of PATRICK HENLEY, dec. It is supposed he either intends going on the Expedition,18 or is harboured at the penn near the Ferry, formerly P. Henley s. Five Pounds reward will be given to any person who brings him back; or 18 S ee advertisemen t Jamaica Mercury (1 Jan uary 1780): As the time for the Departure of the SECRET EXPEDITION is at hand, those Gentlemen who wish for an Opportunity of serving their Country and enriching themselves, will be pleased to apply, without loss of time, at Fort [ ? ] (where Necessaries and Conveniences are prepared for their Reception) [sic] to Capt. Pierce Cooke; and in Kingston to Capt. William Macdonald, or J. MACDONALD, Maj Comdt. Every reasonable Encouragement will be given to Free People of Colour who choos e to engage in this Expedition.

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45 twenty Pounds if harboured by a white person. Any Captain who carries him off will be prosecuted with the utmost rigour. N.B. If the boy returns of himself he will be forgiven. JACOB DE CASTRO. 8 January 1780 Jamaica Mercury MusquitoPoint Came, at the end of October last to this place a Negro, named LUCKY, formerly the property of THOMAS REEDER dec. He would have been sent to gaol, but was very si ckly. The present owner, paying the expences of advertising, may have him, on application to JOHN OLIPHANT 14 January 1780 Jamaica Mercury Hotel, Spanish Town Run away, from the Subscriber on the 6th instant a Negro man boy, named POMPEY, of the Mongola country; square, thickset fellow, about 5 ft. high, has had formerly a sore on one of his ankles, which renders it smaller than the others; speaks bad English, and was a waiter during last martial law at the Coffee house. He had on when he went away, a check shirt and oznaburg trowsers and stole from the Subscriber a small roan horse. Whoever will secure the said Negro in any of the gaols of this island, shall receive a Pistole reward, from MARGARET CHEER 19 January 1780 Jamaica Mercury Taken up, at Bar bican Estate a small [ African ] Negro boy, well marked in the face with his country marks; and on the shoulder, as plain as can be observed, with the letters I H on top; says his name is MATROSS, and cannot tell who his master or owner is; he is run away some time. Whoever applies and proves their property, will get him, by paying the necessary charges, from RICHARD GILBERT HALL overseer on said Estate. 22 January 1780 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, a Negro boy, named YORK, he has a scar upon his f ace, close by his left ear, and marked upon his right shoulder W S ; he is a good looking boy, and speaks good English, about 5 ft. 5 in. high, and may attempt to pass for free and get on board some vessel. This is to caution any person from employing him, in particular masters of vessels. If it can be proved he is harboured or employed by anyone, they will be prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. Any person that can give information where he is to be found, or will lodge him in any gaol, shall receive one Pistole reward by apply ing to the Printers hereof.

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46 28 January 1780 Jamaica Mercury Spanis h Town Run away, from the Subscriber about a week before Christmas last, a Negro manboy of the Congo country (but looks much like a Creole) [sic] named ROBIN, formerly the property of Mr. JOHN ALLEN, attorney at law, whom he used to wait on. He is well known in this town, Kingston and leeward, as he used to go with his late master sometimes to the Cornwall Assizes and has attended the subscriber since Mr. Allen s departure for Great Britain, and has been seen lately at Savanna la Mar and on the road from thence to Northside. Also run away from the Subscriber, his waiting boy named BILLY, he was sent last week to Kingston, with letters, and has not since been hear d of. He is supposed to be about 17 years of age and has much the look of a Congo Negro; he is very artful and is capable of telling a most plausible tale. Whoever secures and delivers them to the Subscriber, or his brother Mr. George Singer, in Kingston, shall receive a Pistole reward for each, and be paid all expenses. DANIEL SINGER 28 January 1780 Jamaica Mercury Richmond Vale, Hanover Run away, from the Subscriber about a month ago, a young Mungola barber and waiting man, named QUAW, formerly the property of Mr. JOHN LACOUR late belonging to Mr. JOHN DAWLING, attorney at law, dec. He was seen some days ago in Spanish Town, and probably is either there or in Kingston. Whoever secures & delivers him to the Subscriber, or to Mr. Daniel Singer, attorney at law, in Kingston, shall receive a Pistole reward and be paid all expenses. WILLIAM BROWN 28 January 1780 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from the Subscriber on the 11th of August 1779 a new Negro man, named CAESAR, of the Congo country, about 5 ft 3 in. high, can speak no English, marked on the right shoulder D L Whoever apprehends him, and will bring him to the Subscriber, shall receive a Pistole reward, and all reasonable expenses; any person giving information where he is harboured, if by a wh ite person, shall be paid, on conviction, five Pounds, and if by a mulatto or Negro, two Pounds. DUNCAN JOHNSTON. 10 February 1780 Jamaica Mercury Spanish Town

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47 BRUTUS, a creole, a short thick black complexioned man about 40 years of age; has a wife at Mr Haden s at Old Woman Savanna in Clarendon, about which place he is supposed to be lurking; a field Negro, rather bow legged. ATLONE, a stout short man of a yellow complexion, a creole, upwards of 40 years of age; has a wife named Princess at Mr. Shield s at Pedro s Valley, St. Ann; a sawyer by trade. ABRAHAM, an old man, of a yellow complexion, of the Eboe country, stout made; has a wife at Mr. Price s estate at Luidas, named Juba; a sawyer, sometimes pretends to be sick with the phisisiek [sic] TOBY, a yellow skinned fellow, stout and tall, about 25 years of age, a creole, marked on his shoulder (supposed to be W W C ) [sic] supposed to be about Dr. Foulin s estate, with a Negro of said estate s named Fortune; a field Negro. QUASHIE, a short black boy, (a creole) [sic] about 16 years of age, full eyed (the son of Mimba) [sic] ; field Negro. FRANK, tall black complexioned, middle aged, supposed to be about Mr. Thomas James s Old Woman Savanna; has a wife there named Henrietta; a creole, a sawyer by trade. KATE, and her mulatto boy child named SAMPSON; she is about 20 years of age, a creole, field Negro; has Dr. Foulk s watchman named Sampson at Old Woman Savanna; one of her feet is a little deformed from an old sore; the child is about three years old. MI MBA, a young black woman, has some breaking out about her legs (the mother of Quashie) [sic] at Mr. Mattock s estate in Old Woman Savanna has a husband there named Tom; about 25 years of age, a creole, field Negro. JUBA, a stout young woman, has also a husband at Mr. Mattock s estate named Cuffee; had on a green doccas, marked on both cheeks W W C a creole, a washerwoman. JACK (nicknamed JACKCOME FIRST ) [sic] a short, thick, black complexioned man, marked with the smallpox, a tailor by trade, a creole; has a wife at Mr. Haden s, St. John, named Esther; has some defect about his nose. SARAH, yellow complexioned old woman, a creole, was employed as a watch, used to frequent Mr. Thomas James and Mr. Haden s at Old Woman Savanna; a little hurted about the nose, and has some breaking out near one of her wrists, and dim sighted. GING, a stout black man, has lost all the toes of one of his feet, a creole, supposed to be about Mr. Breary s at Pedro s Valley, is a penn keeper, rather old. SAMPSON, a tall black ma n, a creole, a sawyer, has a wife named Molly, belonging to a free black woman named Grace James, at the Valley in St. John, where he is supposed to be harboured; has a cut on his shin, wears a cocked hat, and is a smart looking fellow. Also run away a Neg ro man named KENT, a cooper by trade, lately belonging to the estate of JOHN CLIFFORD, dec.; of the Mocco [Moco] country, has a piece taken off one of his ears, of a middle age, is a well set fellow, rather bow legged, and about 5 ft. 7 in. high. Whoever a pprehends all or any of the above Negroes, and lodges them in any of the gaols of this island, or delivers them to the Subscriber in Spanish Town, shall receive two Pounds fifteen Shillings reward for each of them; and whoever harbours or conceals any or e ither of them, may depend on being prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. DOROTHY PEAKE 11 February 1780 Jamaica Mercury St. Jago de la Vega Run away, from the Subscriber the undermentioned two Negro men slaves, the property of the Subscriber, one of them named TITUS, eloped the 21st of January, he is by trade a tailor, he was born at Barbados, and has been at the Grenades, was brought to Jamaica by Captain JOHN

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48 RUSSEL and sold by him to the Subscriber in 1778; he is slim made, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, and about 25 years of age, of a brownish complexion, and pitted with the smallpox; he has not brandmark, and has a large scar on his right arm. He speaks good English and may attempt to pass for a free man, and probably may have forged papers, to impose upon some captain of a ship or vessel, and should he be onboard any of the ships which sailed in the last fleet, such captain is bound by the laws of this island, to send or bring him back to his lawful owner, on the pain and penalty inflicted by the said laws, which is no less than felony, without benefit of clergy; and whoever employs or harbours him after this public notice, may depend on being prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law, without distinction of persons. The other Negro is named JAMES, he eloped in June last; he is by trade a mason, and was then hired to BOWLER and HEWSON, masons in Kingston; is about 22 or 23 years of age, is very black and of the Mandingo country. He is marked on the shoulders M H or C H supposed to be harboured in the parishes of Kingston or St. Andrew. Whoever will take up and secure one or both of said Negroes, and give notice thereof, shall be handsomely rewarded, by applying to ROBERT MORGAN. 11 February 1780 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from the Subscriber the 4 th of this month, a new Negro man named MORRIS, a stout fellow, full of his country marks in his face, and branded on the right shoulder H S ; had on when he went away an oznaburg frock, a blue jacket and blue plush breeches, speaks very little Englis h, and supposed to be about Greenwich. Whoever will bring him to the Subscriber, at the Cross Keys, Harbour Street, shall be well rewarded. JAMES MORRIS 11 February 1780 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Ran away, from the ship James on Saturday last, a Negro boy named GLASGOW, a well made young fellow, about 17 years old, speaks good English, had on when he went away a check shirt, and blue striped trowsers; therefore, all masters of vessels, and others, are cautioned not to employ him. A reward of five Pounds w ill be paid to any person who will bring him to the Store of JOHN & WILLIAM COPPELL 12 February 1780 Jamaica Mercury Run away, from Above Rocks in the month of November last, the following Negro slaves, my property. Any person apprehending the slaves a nd delivering them to me, or securing them in any of the gaols of this island, shall receive two Pistoles reward for each, viz. NEPTUNE, a creole fellow, about 5 ft. 8 in. high, of a yellow complexion, stammers very much in his speech, marked

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49 on his left s houlder G B on top, he is supposed to be harboured at St. Mary by his mother, Dolly, at the late Samuel Smith s and Kelsal s estate. CUDJOE, a creole, Negro fellow, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, of a yellow complexion, supposed to be harboured in Kingston, by his mother, a free woman named Myrtilla, formerly the property of Mrs. Frances Whylie, he likewise calls himself WAGER and probably may go by that name, he is well known in Kingston. C ATALINA, a creole woman, about 5 ft.10 in. high, marked on the left shoulder S B who took away with her, her daughter, about six years of age, named PENNY, they are supposed to be gone to leeward, where she was born and has many relations, at Conna Valley, the property of Mrs. BURTON, she is likewise supposed to be harboured at Mr. Isaac Mendes s or Mr. William Parker s Red Hills, where she has an uncle, a free man called John Moore. Whoever will prove so as to convict any person harbouring or employing any of the above slaves, shall receive a Doubloon reward, by applying as above. GEORGE BENNET 12 February 1780 Jamaica Mercury Taken up, on Mickleton Penn in the parish of St. Thomas in the Vale, a runaway Negro of the Chamba country, has lost his right eye, and answers to the name of BOB. When he was caught, he was without cloaths and had a sore on the sole of his right foot. He can give no account of himself; only that his master is dead, and since which his mistress has sold him. His owner may have him by applying to Mr. JOHN GRIFFITH, overseer on said Penn, on paying the expens es he has incurred. 19 February 1780 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, from the Subscriber a Negro woman slave, named MARY ANN, she formerly belonged to one HANNAH CHRISTIAN, dec. She is a thick, squat wench, about 40 years of age; has a sore on her rig ht leg, and several grey hairs in her head. Whoever brings her to the Subscriber shall receive seven Dollars reward, and whoever harbours her may depend on being prosecuted by ALEX. RITCHIE 22 February 1780 Jamaica Mercury Run away, from the Subscriber about nine months, a mulatto boy named TOMMY, he is about 16 years old, marked M G on top. He has several scratches about his face, and rather large eyes. He was seen in a small vessel, trading to Kingston, either from the Camanas or the Musquito Shore. He is an artful fellow, and may endeavour to pass for free. Whoever will bring him to the Subscriber at Savanna la Mar, shall receive a reward of fifteen Pounds; or if he will lodge him in any of his Majesty s jails of this island, a reward of ten Pounds will be given. MARY GIBSON.

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50 1 March 1780 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, a Negr o boy named DAVY, of the Coromantee country, marked on each shoulder with E D between, with a steel collar round his neck. Had on when he went away, an old ragged course and dirty oznaburg frock, and had lately been employed on the public works at Castile Fort; bought about six months ago from JOHN LANCASTER a shopkeeper, of this Town, for a waiting boy and groom. Whoever will bring him to the Posts Office, shall be rewarded; but whoever is found to harbour him shall be prosecuted according to law. It is supposed he may be on the road, or gone to Montego Bay whence he formerly li ved. 1 March 1780 Jamaica Mercury Montego Bay Run away, last Tuesday afternoon, a Negro fellow of the Eboe country, named PAUL, a carpenter by trade, he is of a yellow cast, about 5 ft. 10 in. high, speaks very bad English, slender made and knockkneed. He is supposed to be gone either to St. Mary or Saint Thomas in the Vale, in one of which parishes he was formerly purchased by the late Mr. ALEXANDER FORBES a carpenter in Trelawny, dec. Whoever apprehends the above fellow and will secure him in any gaol, so that the Subscriber may recover him again, shall be handsomely rewarded. Owing to his speaking English very bad, when he mentions his name, it would be understood he calls himself Palm, instead of Paul. 1 March 1780 Jamaica Mercury Montego Bay Run a way, on Sunday night from the ship Nancy Capt. MARSHALL a mulatto man boy slave named CATO. Born in America, about 5 ft. 4 in. high, he speaks very good English. Had on when he went away, an oznaburg pair of trowsers, a striped shirt, and a round hat. A s he is but lately from America, it is probable he will offer himself as a free person, in order to get on board some ship and leave the island. Whoever takes up the said fellow, and will secure him so that he may be recovered, shall receive five Pounds reward. N.B. All masters of vessels, and others, are hereby forewarned not to employ or harbour the above slave, as they will be prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. NICHOLAS SMITH. 3 March 1780 Jamaica Mercury Liguanea

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51 Run away, from the Subscriber a Negro man boy, named PHILIP, remarkable for having a large head and eyes, a fiddler by trade, stammers much in his speech, marked A S and is well known in Kingston. Also a Negro wench named MIMBA, black complexion, pitted a little with the smallpox, re d eyes, and supposed to be harboured in Spanish Town, by a Negro belonging to Councellor Browne, who has her as a wife. Whoever secures either or both aforesaid Negroes and brings them to the master, or lodges them in gaol, shall receive twenty Shillings f or each, and upon proof by whom harboured, on conviction of the offense shall receive five Pounds, from AARON SILVERA. 11 March 1780 Jamaica Mercury Portland Run away, the 15th of June last, from Ginger Hall Plantation, in St. Thomas in the Vale, four cr eole Negro men, viz.: MAY, a short well made fellow, about 5 ft. high, by trade a carpenter. JOHN, a tall black fellow about 22 years of age. CUFFEE, yellow complexion, has an impediment in his speech. CUDJOE, a short, yellow fellow, with a big mouth and crooked legs. Also, LETTICE, a tall well made yellow wench; she wears a cross and passes for a free woman, and says her and her husband, May, are going off the country to the Spaniards. The above Negroes are all marked I C (except Lettice) [sic] and mostl y on the cheeks; they are all well known in Spanish Town and SixteenMile Walk. It is suspected there are white people privy to their being run away, as well as old, infirm wenches about Mount Olive Plantain Walk; Fecie s; and Mr. Cunningham s Mountain. The said fellow, May, is marked I C on both cheeks, and a piece cut off his right ear, which he endeavors to hide with a handkerchief. Also run away, on Sunday last, from the Subscriber in Portland, a Negro man of the Mundingo country named CORNWALL, by trad e a coppersmith, well known all over NorthSide, marked on the right shoulder D W he was seen on Monday near Annotto Bay, with three women and a fellow, all runaway, on their way to Ginger Hall to join the rest, and will attempt to get off the island. Co rnwall is a good canoe man. It is hope d no master of any vessel will take them off. Whoever apprehends all or any of the above Negroes and secures them in gaol, on giving information to the Subscriber, shall receive two Pistoles reward for each; but whoeve r harbours or employs any of the said slaves, may depend on being prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. DAVID WHITE 15 March 1780 Jamaica Mercury St. Elizabeth Taken up, on Monday the 6th instant at Longhill the property of F.G. Smith, Esq., a likely new Negro MAN of the Mundingo country, without any mark but those of his country in the face. He appears to be about 23 or 24 years of age, and about 5 ft. 10 in. high, straight and well made. Had on an oznaburg frock and trowsers, a black hat with a w hite binding; brought with him a white blanket frock and was armed with a masheet [machete]. The account he gives of himself is that

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52 he was bought about six months ago, together with 14 or 15 more men and women; that a part of them were left at the seasid e, and himself with about nine others, traveled into the country, where he worked in a plantain walk, that he was upwards of two days in traveling from the place where purchased to the place where he worked, and two days from the latter before he was taken up; so that it is probable he is come from some part of Clarendon. Any person proving the property may have him delivered by applying at the above place. N.B. It is supposed he cannot have been so long purchased, as he says he never had any other cloaths but those he had on, which do not appear to be half worn. 23 March 1780 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run away, upwards of two years ago a creole Negro woman, named CATALINA. About 28 years old, 5 ft. 6 in. high, and strong made. She did formerly belong to the late GILBERT FORD, Esq., but now belongs to Colonel TOWNSEND. I hear she has been harboured at a small house the upper end of Lake Lane by John Stone, a free man who trades to Morant, &c. in plantainboats. Any person who secures the said Negro woman in the gaol or in the workhouse, shall have a Pistole reward; and any person who proves by whom she is or has been harboured, shall, on conviction of the offender, receive five Pounds reward, from JABEZ BARTON. 31 March 1780 Jamaica Mercury Kingston Run aw ay, three weeks ago a Negro woman, named NELLY, of a yellow complexion, tall and stoops a little, speaks good English, marked on the right shoulder H S She is turned of 30, has a sickly appearance, had one when she went away an old brown coat. She formerl y belonged to Mrs. McDONALD, who once resided at Montego Bay. It is supposed she is gone thither, or to Spanish Town, or possibly skulking about the penns near Kingston. Whoever can give information of her and lodge her in gaol, shall be well rewarded; but whoever harbours or conceals her, may depend on being prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law, by JAMES MORRIS 1 October 1780 Cornwall Chronicle C astle Weemyss Estate, St. James Taken up, at this estate some weeks ago, a short stout made new Negro W OMAN without any visible brandmark, but has a number of her country marks on her forehead and temples; she either can not or will not tell her master s name or what country she is of. Any person proving her their property may have her by applying at the a bove Estate, and paying all charges. N.B. The above Negro was sent to Montego Bay gaol, but refused admittance on account of her having the

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53 yaws. 1781 28 February 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Hanover Run away, from Industry Estate about twelve months ago a m ulatto fellow, named JEMMY, by trade a mason, well known in this parish and St. James and is supposed to be harboured by some free people about the Little Bogue Estate in St. James, where he was seen last week. Whoever apprehends said fellow, and sends him home, shall have five Pounds reward, and all charges, and whoever harbours, employs or conceals him shall be prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. A reward of twenty Pistoles shall be given to the informer on conviction of the offender. WILLIAM FLEM ING 2 March 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Taken up, some time in November last, a stout able Negro wench, of a yellow complexion and marked on the left shoulder I H She says her name is NANCY, that she was taken up in St. Ann in August, 1778, and sent to the gaol of that parish. She will give no perfect account of herself, sometimes she says she belongs to an old lady in the parish of Vere, and at other times to one BURN that lived in Kingston but went off and died; she would have been sent to gaol when taken up, but was very sickly. Any person proving their property may have her by applying to Mr. JAMES MULLOY, at Prospect Penn near Rio Bue no, and paying all charges. 8 March 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Irwin, St. James Run away, from Egypt Estate near Savanna l a Mar a few weeks ago a Negro man of the Chamba country, named BACCHUS. He is about 5 ft. 8 in. high, thickset, country marked, is a good cook, and understands something of gardening. A Pistole reward will be given, and all reasonable charges, to any perso n that shall apprehend the said slave and deliver him either to the Hon. John Cope, Esq., in Westmoreland, or to the Subscriber, ROBERT KENYON. 27 April 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from Spot Valley Estate in the parish of St. James on the 16th inst ant,19 seven new 19 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.268269.

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54 Negro MEN of the Mundingo country, marked on the right shoulder W B Any person taking up said Negroes, and sending them to JAMES HOLLAND, Chancellor on said Estate, or the Subscriber at Montego Bay, or secure them and give information ther eof as above, shall be paid all reasonable charges. 6 July 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Arcadia Absconded from the subscriber, three days ago, two new Negro men, of the Canga country, named HECTOR and BEN, the former a tall, black, slender man, about 22 years of age, well made, and was in very good condition when he went away, has no particular mark. The latter a stout well made Negro about 20 years of age, and rather of a low stature; they are both remarkable for the redness of their eyes, particularly Ben s, are very large and prominent appearing inflamed by their redness. As these Negroes are the only of that country, the property of the Subscriber, and went away together, it is presumed they will keep together till they are taken up. When they went away the y had new oznaburg frocks on them and carried bills [billhooks] with them. They were bought at the last sale at Montego Bay, and are very probably inclined to go down there again. Whoever secures them in gaol, or otherwise, so as they may be found again, s hall receive a suitable reward and have reasonable expenses allowed, by applying to the Subscriber, at Arcadia, or to Mr. Henry Graves, at Hockstead, near Hyde Estate in Trelawny. RICHARD BRODIE 7 July 1781 Cornwall Chronicle St. Lucea Run away, about 3 weeks ago from this Bay, a Negro man named TAMERLANE, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, thick set, of the Fantee country, and by trade a carpenter. He has a small blemish on his left eye, occasioned by the smallpox, and is marked on his left shoulder T E E [upside down], between. Whoever will apprehend said fellow, and send him home, secure him in any of the gaols of this island, or give information where he is harboured, shall receive a Half Joe reward, and all charges. THOMAS JUGGINS 27 July 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, on Friday evening the 20th inst., a slim made Negro fellow, named JUBA, but will probably assume some other name. He is marked on each shoulder and breast R N is very artful and talks well, having been in England for some years. He had on when he absconded, a check shirt, light coloured jean breeches, and a round black hat. There is great reason to suppose that he is about Spanish Town or Kingston, and will use every artifice to get off the island, which it is

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55 hoped will prevent ever y captain or commander from taking him on board any vessel. Whoever secures him, and gives information thereof to the Subscriber, shall be thankfully rewarded. R. NOBLE 27 July 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, the 14th of April last a stou t creole Negro wench, named FLORA, marked on her right shoulder A M K She is supposed to be harboured on or about the bay. Whoever secures her in any of his Majesty s gaols of this island, the workhouse on this bay, or delivers her to the Subscriber, shal l be thankfully rewarded. And a reward of ten Pounds will be given to any person who will inform by whom she is harboured, if by a white or free person, and five Pounds if by a slave, on conviction of the offender. MARGARET BLAKE 3 August 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber about four weeks ago a Negro woman slave, named MOLL. She is an American born, remarkably tall and slim, of a black complexion, speaks good English, and is marked R S 4 on top, on both shoulders. It is e xpected she will change her name, and endeavour to pass for a free woman. Whoever takes up said Negro, and gives information thereof, or sends her to the Subscriber, shall be paid all reasonable charges. ROBERT SCARLETT. 20 August 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Ba y Ten Pounds reward. Run away, from the Subscriber a Negro man, named SAM, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, his face much pockmarked, and has a very sulky look. He is about 30 years of age, an American, cannot go without shoes and stockings; had on a pa ir of new shoes when he eloped, well dressed, speaks good English, and will no doubt endeavour to pass as a free man. Whoever brings him to the Tavern, on this bay, shall receive the above reward, from JAMES JOHNSON. 20 August 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Wes tmorelan d Run away, from Blackmorass Estate about two years ago a Negro man, named TORRISMOND, marked on the right shoulder W L He is a stout, well set fellow, about 5 ft. 4 in. high, has some marks on his face of the smallpox, is known at Montego Bay and Lucea, where he passed under

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56 the name of CHRISTMAS and was employed at the last place to bring wood and water for the then Deputy Marshal for upwards of eighteen months, till he was recovered by the Subscriber in 1777. Also runaway, from Cornwall Estate, near the same time, a new Negro man named ADAM, marked W L on the right shoulder, is a very stout made fellow, at least 6 ft. high, has a stoop in his shoulder, and his upper teeth much filed. Whoever will give information of the above Negroes, shall receive for each forty Shillings, or if harboured, on conviction of the offender, ten Pistoles. Apply to Mr. Robert Fullerton in Westmoreland, or WILLIAM LEWIS 25 August 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Ran away, from the Subscriber, a Negro boy of the Eboe country named JACK, about 17 years of age, without any mark. RICHARD MILBURN. 25 August 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Taken up, at this place, a Negro MAN of the Coromantee country, without any visible mark. He says he belonged to a Mr. Cooper at Savanna la Mar, who was killed in the storm.20 Any person or persons proving him their property may have him, paying the expense of this advertisement, and applying to JOHN HAMILTON. 30 August 1781 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from Rose Hall Estate in this parish on Tuesday the 31st day of July last,21 a Negro man named FORTUNE, about 50 years of age, is a stout, well made fellow, of a yellowish complexion. He was bred a fisherman and had been accustomed to go in large canoes; he attempted to get off the island in o ne some years ago. Whoever will bring the above mentioned Negro to the Subscriber at the aforesaid estate, or secure him in any of the gaols in this island, shall receive a reward of forty Shillings; and whoever can give sufficient evidence of his being em ployed, harboured, or concealed shall, on conviction of the offender, receive five Pounds. JOHN PALMER 20 Presumably the Great Hurricane of 2 October 1780 which, as Thomas Thistlewood wrote, wreaked a Sad havoc all through the countryside of western Jamaica; quoted in Hall, In Miserable Slavery p.277. For other contemporary descriptions, see Maureen Warner Lewis, Archibald Monteath: Igbo, Jamaican, Moravian (Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press, 2007), pp.199200. 21 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.234236.

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57 30 August 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Rio Bueno Run away, from the Subscriber some time ago, a tall, black, raw boned MAN of the Mundingo country, was ma rked on the right shoulder F B, but the mark may be worn out, is middle aged, and remarkable for two of his fore teeth in the upper row, standing out beyond the rest. He speaks pretty good English, and has been used to a wharf. Also, LUCKY, an elderly fell ow of the Congo country, of a yellowish complexion, short and thick made, and has a large scar occasioned by a sore, on one of his legs. He is well known in St. Ann, in some parts of which parish he is supposed to be harboured; he was formerly the property of, and a cook to, Mr. WHITEHORNE He is very fond of being at Negro plays as a Gumba man.22 Whoever takes up both or either of the above slaves, shall receive a Pistole reward for each; and if either of them are harboured, ten Pounds will be given to the informer, on conviction of the offender, if a white person and five if a mulatto or Negro. SARAH UTTEN. 1 September 1781 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from Glasgow Estate about a month ago, a stout Negro man of the Coromantee country, named SMAR T, has black, large eyes, his cheeks appear to be swelled, is about 40 years of age, and is marked on the shoulder D D [first reversed], on top. He formerly belonged to Mr. DAVID DONALD, and was taken up about 3 weeks ago at the Point Estate, in Hanover, but got away from the boy in bringing him home. JOHN ROOM 5 September 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Duncan s Cross Plantation Run away, from the Subscriber the 30th of August last a stout Negro man, named CUDJOE, of the Coromantee country, about 5 ft. 7 or 8 in. high, and speaks very good English. He is believed 22 Cf. the following description of what may have been a similar Negro play with a Congo connection observed by Thomas Thistlewood in 1751, quoted in Hall, In Miserable Slavery p.18: On Saturday, 6th July: At night gave Marina some suga r, 4 bottles of rum, some beef and pepper pot, with 18 pints of corn made into fungi, to treat the Negroes, and especially her shipmates withal at her housewarming. They was very merry all night. Mr. Markmans Caesar sang and drummed, Guy and Charles, Phi bba and Wanicker danced Congo, &c. Some top performances was had. Marina herself got very drunk as well as many others. I sat up good part of the night seeing their tricks. Charles ate fire struck his naked arm many times with the edge of a bill [i.e., m atchet], very hard, yet received no harm, &c. Compare the cereal porridge food called funji made by the slaves for such Negro plays with the 19th century kiKongo term mfundi (vegetable food, eaten with meat and stews; pudding made of cassava meal); definition in Rev. W. Holman Bentley, ed., Dictionary and Grammar of the Kongo Language, As spoken at San Salvador, the Ancient Capital of the Old Kongo Empire, West Africa (London: Baptist Missionary Society, 1887), p.348.

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58 to be marked P H had on when he went away an oznaburg frock and short breeches, supposed he is gone towards St. Ann, as he had an order from Mr. Charles Graves to Mr. Goldsmith, for a grey mare, belo nging to the Subscriber, sent there to pasture; if he has got the mare, he may probably offer her for sale, when it is requested, she and the Negro may be stopped, that the Subscriber may get them, for which forty Shillings reward will be given, and be it at their peril, who harbours or conceals the above Negro, as they may depend on being prosecuted. RICHARD B. HANSON. 7 September 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Run away, from Fontibell Estate in this parish a likely Negro man, named BLAKE, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, well made, and speaks very good English; is supposed to be marked on his shoulder I L Whoever will take up said Negro, and commit him to any gaol, shall upon giving notice to the Subscriber receive a Half Joe reward. J. LEWIS 10 September 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Toboliki, St. Ann Run away, from the Subscriber the following Negroes: SAMPSON a Negro fellow, very tall, and of a yellow complexion; PHILLIS, a Negro woman; both marked P C Also a stout creole boy named SAM, about 16 years of a ge. They are supposed to be harboured in the neighbourhood. Whoever will give information so that the offender may be brought to justice, shall receive fifty Pounds reward. GEORGE CUMING. 11 September 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, about t he middle of July last a stout, well made Negro fellow named JAMES, but will probably assume some other name, and endeavour to pass for a free man. He was formerly the property of WILLIAM R. BERNARD, Esq., but has no brandmark. Whoever secures him, and gi ves information thereof to the Subscriber, shall be thankfully rewarded. H. FARQUHARSON. 14 September 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, about six weeks ago from the Subscriber, a new Negro MAN, about 25 years of age, and had on a long oznabur g frock; he has no brandmark, and has lost one or two of his upper fore teeth. A handsome reward will be given for bringing him home. GEORGE BUCHANAN.

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59 21 September 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from the ship Sir Goorge Collier lying in Montego Bay, a Negro man named ABRAHAM, American born [ creole], pitted with the smallpox, speaks tolerable good English, and may endeavour to pass for a free man. Had on when he went away a frock and trowsers, is about 5 ft. 10 in. high, and well made. Whoever brings him to the Subscriber, or lodges him in any gaol, so as he may get him again, shall be handsomely rewarded by R. BENNETT, master of the above ship. N.B. As the above Negro acted as cook on board the above ship, he may endeavour to get on board some other ve ssel in that capacity; all commanders are therefore cautioned against employing him, and inhabitants of harbouring him, at their peril. 21 September 1781 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Taken up, at the Bogue Estate in this parish about a fortnight ago, a t all new Negro WOMAN, marked I B in one, B on top, on the left shoulder, and R on the right. Any person proving their property, and paying the charges, may have her by applying at the above estate. 28 September 1781 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from Childermass Estate the 19 th of last month a stout wellmade creole Negro man, named DICK, well known in this parish and Hanover, marked on both his shoulders, and both sides of his breast W R He was taken up at Salt Marsh Bay this day by a Negro named Jack, the property of Mr. James Rusea, but was rescued by a white man, in company with five or six others, by cutting the rope he was tied with. Whoever will bring the said Negro to me, shall receive a Half Joe reward, and on conviction of his being harboured by the person who cut the rope, or any other white person, shall receive fifty Pounds reward from WILLIAM RUSEA N.B. It is hoped this advertisement will have a good effect on some folks about the sea side in this neighbourhood. 9 October 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Orange Cove, Hanover Taken up, on this estate, a Negro fellow, says his name is WILLIAM, that he belongs to a Mr. LOGAN, a seafaring man. He has a brand mark, which is not very distinct but appears to be I P E on top. He also says he lived at Port Royal. He was sent to Lucea gaol, but refused admittance. Any person proving their property may have him by applying to the overseer on said

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60 Estate, and paying all reasonable charges. 16 October 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Bluefields, Westmoreland Run away, the 8th instant a Negro man, named BILLY, a stout well made fellow about 5 ft. 6 in. high, and lately marked on both breasts R K key on top. Whoever secures him and gives information by letter or otherwise, shall re ceive a Pistole reward, and all reasonable charges. ROBERT KAY. 18 October 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from Orange Hill near Montego Bay, the 12th of December last, a Negro woman named QUASHEBA, of the Congo country. She is of a very black complexi on, and marked E W Whoever secures said Negro woman, and sends her to me or lodges her in any gaol, acquainting the Subscriber thereof, shall receive a Half Joe reward. N.B. She was seen in Orange Estate s negro grounds, about March last. ADAM SEVERIGHT 26 October 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber the 2nd instant a Negro boy, named STREPHON, about 14 or 15 years of age, is of the Canga or Mundingo country, marked on the right shoulder L P but the mark may be now obscure. He is well made, has good features, though a sullen look, and had on when he went away an oznaburg frock. He is pretty well acquainted through the County of Cornwall, St. Ann, and the Towns, having frequently travelled with the Subscriber during the last five years, and as he speaks pretty good English, will probably be very artful in his pretences to avoid being taken up. Whoever apprehends said Negro and sends him to me or secures him so that I may receive him, shall be handsomely rewarded. L. PARKINSON. 1 November 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Mount Ricketts Run away, a stout very black Negro man, about 5 ft. 9 in. high, named COLIN, of the Canca [ Canga ] country, speaks good English, and is by trade a mason. He is also a good cooper, has a large scar upon one leg, about the shin bone, a bad sore, and is supposed to be marked G R on one of his shoulders. He is well known in the parishes of Hanover and Westmoreland, from working some time with Mr. John Whittaker, Mr. John Potts, Mr. Alexander Wilson, and others Whoever will apprehend said Negro, and lodge him in the workhouse, Montego Bay, or send him

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61 to Canaan or Mount Ricketts, in this parish, shall receive a Half Joe reward. W. H. RICKETTS 5 November 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Gibraltar, Trelawny Run away, f rom New Hope Penn in St. Ann about three months ago, a new Negro man, named ANTHONY, of the Mundingo country, had on when he went away an oznaburg frock, with his name marked with ink on the breast of it. He is about 35 years of age, marked R S on the right shoulder, has a large opening betwixt his two upper fore teeth, and a cut across the end of his nose. Any person who will lodge him in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, or give information where he may be found, shall receive a Pistole re war d. ROBERT STIRLING 8 November 1781 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from the Subscriber some time ago, the following Negroes: SUSANNAH, MONIMIA, and SARAH, all of the Eboe country, and supposed to be marked W R M on top. They are well known in and about Martha Brae, being formerly in the possession of the late Mrs. MARGARET RITCHIE Any person delivering the said Negroes to the Subscriber, or securing them in any of the workhouses of this island, on giving information thereof, shall receive a Pist ole reward for each, but if found in the possession of any person after this public notice, they will be prosecuted as the law directs. THOMAS B. BIRD. 16 November 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber about five weeks ago a N egro wench, named DELIA, of the Eboe country, about 5 ft. 7 in. high, stout made and marked upon her right shoulder I B on top. Speaks good English and is very artful; her left eye is somewhat sunk, owing to a blow she received some years ago. She is su pposed to be concealed on board the ship Emperor lately from New York, or at St. Ann s Bay. Whoever secures her in any of the workhouses of this island, on giving information thereof, shall be entitled to a reward of fifty Shillings, with all reasonable expenses; but if after this publication, she is proved to be harboured by a white person, five Pounds will be given, on conviction of the offender. RICHARD SHEEN. 29 November 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Run away, about the month of May last from Che ster Estate, a creole Negro boy, about 16 years

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62 of age, looks poor and crab yaw feet, named YORK, late the property of Mr. JOHN NICHOLSON, and supposed to be a native of Hanover, mark not known. Whoever will bring the said boy to Mr. James Ridgeway at Ches ter, or to John Simpson at Bourty Hall, Trelawny, shal l receive a Pistole reward. 11 December 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Run away, some time in February last two Negro men of yellow complexions, named TITUS and PETER; the one a Moco the other an Eboe ; they both speak English, and belong to Hopes, the Estate of WILLIAM BOSLEY in Westmoreland. Titus is rather slim made, about 35 years of age, 5 ft. 8 in. high, very active, a good boiler and sawyer, and can turn his hand to almost anything on a sugar estate, being a piece of a jobbing carpenter. The other fellow Peter is 6 ft. high, stout and well made, an extraordinary good boiler and compleat sawyer, and has filed teeth. They are both marked W B or BOSLEY at length on the shoulder. When they went away, they took with them very good cloaths, and it is supposed pass for free people; they have frequently been traced about the Barrack road in Westmoreland down to the Little Bogue in St. James, and are imagined to be harboured in that neighbourhood. Whoever apprehends the said Negroes, or either of them, and will send them to the Subscriber, shall receive five Pounds reward for each; and whoever discovers by whom they or either of them have been harboured and concealed, so that the offender may be broug ht to justice, shall receive the further reward of ten Pounds on conviction of the offender. WILLIAM BOSLEY 21 December 1781 Cornwall Chronicle Taken up, on the 16th instant on the wharf of Messrs. Smith and Co., a mulatto boy, about 4 ft. high, calls himself JOHN CHAMBERS, and says he was born in the island of Barbados. Had on when taken, a long frock and woolen cap. Whoever owns said boy may have him on proving their property and paying all expenses, by applying to Mr. Dennis Moylan, on board the brig Admiral Keppel now lying at Great River. 1782 11 January 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, last Sunday, three Negro men of the Mundingo country, named SAMPSON, STRAP, and SANCHO, without any other mark than those of their country. Sampson i s a tall likely fellow, about 5 ft. 10 in. high; Strap is a stout fellow about 5 ft. 6 in. high; and Sancho is about 5 ft. 5 in. high with a rather sulky look. Sampson only can speak tolerable good English. It is

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63 supposed they are gone in company with seve ral other Negroes of the same country, who were missing at that time. Whoever takes up said Negroes or brings them to the Subscriber, shall be thankfully rewarded. WILL. MELVIN 11 January 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Mont ego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber on Sunday afternoon last and supposed to be in company with the above Negroes [advertisement above], a Negro MAN of the same country [ M a ndingo], about 5 ft. 10 in. high, a likely fellow, of a yellow complexion, cannot talk any English, and marked on the r ight shoulder T Y Whoever delivers said Negro to the Subscriber shall be thankfully rewarded and all expenses paid. THOMAS YATMAN. 1 February 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber a new Negro fellow, named ROMEO, of the Eboe country, cannot speak English, and is marked on both shoulders M W ; had on when he went away a frock, but no trowsers. Whoever takes him up and brings him to the Subscriber, shall receive a Pistole reward. MARY WALLACH. 4 February 1782 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, about two months ago a Negro fellow, named JOHN, of the Mundingo country, about 5 ft. 3 in. high, of a yellow complexion, and marked on the left shoulder with I L It is probable the above Negro may be about Duncan s, where he has a nu mber of shipmates. Whoever secures him in any of his Majesty s gaols in this island, or gives such information as he may be found, shall be thankfully rewarded, by applying to the Subscriber at Bellfield Estate. WILLIAM CUNNINGHAM 14 February 1782 Cornw all Chronicle Westmoreland Run away, a mulatto man named FRIBBLE, but goes by the name of JAMES JENKINS and passes for a free man, is a tall, likely fellow, an excellent cooper, and was hired as such upon Montpelier Estate, at 60 per year; he has obtaine d a ticket from Mrs. DOWNS for two months, on pretence of having his wages to collect. Also a Negro man slave named LONDON, a tall, young fellow, inkneed, has been used to fowling, was formerly the property of JAMES

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64 MELLIS and it is believed marked I M. Whoever secures either or both of the above fellows or give information where they are harboured, shall receive five Pounds reward, by applying to DRUMMOND and RUECASTLE 16 March 1782 Cornwall Chronicle St. Elizabeth Workhouse Run away, from the Hon. F RANCIS COOKE a Negro man, named BEN, rather slim made, and is well known in this parish, having been many years his waiting man, also in St. James, where he has been often seen. Whoever apprehends said Negro and lodges him in any gaol in this island, or se nds him to his owner, shall receive a Half Joe reward, but be it at their peril who harbours or entertains him. 24 April 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Savanna la Mar Run away, about twelve months ago, a stout Coromantee Negro man, named CUDJOE, marked [illegib le], on top. He has both ears cropt and wants one of his fingers and part of another, and is supposed to be harboured and employed as a fisherman at Rock Fort, as he was formerly taken up there when runaway. Any person apprehending and securing said Negro, shall receive two Pistoles reward; and the person employing or concealing him may depend upon being prosecuted with the utmost rigour. HUGH WILSON. 13 May 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Dumfries Run away, from this Estate the beginning of last week. Three young N egro men of the Concaw [ Canga ] country, imported in January last [1782] .23 HERCULES about 5 ft. 9 in. high, very black and well made, with one of his collar bones swelled from a fracture. PRINCE, nearly the same height and makes. JEFFREY, about 5 ft. 5 in. high, yellow complexion and well made. Neither of said Negroes have any brandmarks, but each respectively answers to his name. It is requested that whoever takes up any of said Negroes, will send him or them to the workhouse, or if sent to the Subscribers shall receive twenty Shillings reward for each. JOHN and WILLIAM MOWAT 23 Cf. TAST (1999), ID#83884, the Ulysses Capt. John Roberts Jr. (then Duncan Fisher), departed Liverpool 6 Dec. 1780, via Isles de Loss (Sierra Leone), disembarked at Montego Bay, Jamaica, 19 Dec. 1781, imputed 390 slaves disembarked. 20 May 1782 Cornwall Chronicle

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65 Hopewell, Trelawny Run away, from the Subscriber around four weeks ago, three new Negro men [MAN] [MAN] [MAN] of the Chamba or Coromantee country; speak no English, having been only four months in the country, but are all marked at the right shoulder I C D on top. Any person taking up all or either of said Negroes, or sending them to gaol, or the Subscriber at the above Estate, shall receive twenty Sh illings reward for each, and all reasonable charges; but if any person be found to harbour or conceal them, they may depend on being prosecuted as the law directs. JOHN CHRYSTIE 24 May 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, the 5th instant a Negro woman, nam ed SALLY, with young mulatto CHILD; she is of the Eboe country, of a yellowish complexion, talks good English, has no country or brandmarks, but is tall and thin. She has prosecuted a letter from a friend, and carries the same with her on pretence of her going on business of the Subscriber s. Whoever will give information where she is, or secures her in any of the gaols, shall be thankfully rewarded, by JOHN ANDERSON, merchant on Montego Bay. 3 July 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from the Tavern at Dr y Harbour about six weeks ago, a stout Negro fellow of the Congo country named KITT, formerly the property of Mr. WILLIAM SEVRIGHT of Dry Harbour, but now of the Subscriber by purchase at public sale, from the collecting constable, marked T Y on both shoul ders and one breast. He is supposed to be harboured either in the mountains [ illeg ible ], near Spanish Town, the latter place he is well acquainted with, having lived there some time. A reward of fifty Pounds will be given to any person proving him to be ha rboured by a white person, twenty Pounds if harboured by mulattoes or Negroes, on conviction of the offender or offenders and a handsome gratuity to any person who will lodge him in any of the gaols of this island, on giving notice to their most obedient s ervant, THOMAS YORKE 5 July 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Taken up, about a week ago, a Negro WOMAN of the Mundingo country. She is about 18 or 19 years, has no brandmark, speaks very little English, and can give no account of herself. Any perso n proving their property may have her by applying to the Subscriber, and paying all charges. WILLIAM MELVIN

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66 14 July 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from Hyde Hall Estate in Trelawny, about two months ago, a new Negro MAN of the Moco country, marked on one shoulder I H He was bought out of the cargo of the Messrs. Wederburn s last December.24 Any person who will lodge him in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, or give information where he may be found, shall receive five Pounds reward. 22 J uly 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Went off, in a very small Dory, without victuals, on Wednesday the 17th instant from Negril Bay, two Spanish Negroes, marked on the right shoulder B G [transverse], 4 on top; FRANCISCO, a yellow fellow, well made, a bout 5 ft. 7 in. high, speaks broken English, and is very smart. FRANK, a black, about 6 ft. high, well made, and speaks broken English also. It is supposed they will exchange the Dory for a larger vessel. Any person sending them to a workhouse or gaol, and acquainting the Subscriber, shall receive five Pounds for each. GEORGE BEDWARD. 26 July 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Absconded, on Tuesday last a Negro boy, named POMPEY, he was sent into the country for some papers of value, which were delivere d to him, but has never returned, and is supposed to be skulking about Montego Bay. Any person taking him up shall be rewarded for their trouble, on delivering him to GEORGE LAWSON. 5 August 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, a few weeks ago a stout Negro man, named BRISTOL, of the Nago [Yoruba] country, marked on the right shoulder N S He is of a yellowish complexion, speaks good English, and is a very sensible fellow, and most likely may endeavour to pass himself for a free man, and a seaman in order to get off the island, having been in England, and frequently working on board of ships in this harbour. Any person lodging him in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, or give information where he may be had, shall receive five Pounds reward, from their most obedient servant, NICHOLAS SMITH. 14 August 1782 24 Cf. TAST (1999), ID#81987, the Jane Capt. Jo hn Hewan, departed Liverpool 1 June 1781, via Bonny (Bight of Biafra), disembarked at Montego Bay, Jamaica, 5 Dec. 1781, imputed 620 slaves disembarked.

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67 Cornwall Chronicle Lucea Run away, from the Subscribers the 9th inst., a Negro man named JOE, of the Coromantee country, a tall, slim fellow, about 30 years of age, by trade a butcher, and formerly the property of Mr. ROBERT GILLING, late of this place, dec., he has a remarkable long visage, very black, has a number of pimples about his cheeks and chin, a very thick beard, and is marked on the left shoulder R G S C on top. As he is very artful and talks good English, he will no doubt, if questioned, say he is about his master s business, or perhaps may endeavour to pass for a free Negro. He is well known in this parish and Westmoreland, where he used often to be sent for cattle. As h e is well acquainted at the Grand Camanas he may try to get off the island, in any vessel bound for that place. Whoever apprehends said Negro, and lodges him in any workhouse or gaol of this island, or sends him to his owner, shall receive five Pounds rewa rd; and if harboured or entertained by any white person or persons whatsoever, a reward of five hundred Pounds will be paid, on conviction. JAMES HUDSON & CO. 16 August 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber on Wednesday the 31st ult., three new Negroes of the Canga country, named CICERO, BRISTOL, and NEPTUNE, and marked on the left shoulder N D on top; they all speak pretty good English. A Pistole reward for each of the above Negroes will be given, on securing them in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, by applying to NICHOLAS DAWES 16 August 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Ru n away, from the Subscriber on Thursday the 8th inst., a Negro named TOM, of the Canga country, about 16 years of age, well made, marked W M between, and speaks a little English. He is supposed to have gone in company with some others of the same countr y that were missing at the same time, belonging to Mr. DAWES [advertisement above]. Whoever takes up said Negro, or lodges him in any of the gaols or workhouses of this island, shall receive a Pistole reward, and all charges. WILLIAM MELVIN 16 August 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, about 7 weeks ago, two new Negroes of the Congo country, named SOMEBODY and

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68 ROBINHOOD,25 neither of them marked, but have been a short time at the cooper s business. Any person delivering them to Mr. JOHN HILL a carpenter, or MICHAEL HUNT on the premises of Hampton Court, shall receive a handsome reward. 20 August 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Leogan, St. James Taken up, about ten days ago, a manboy of the Nago country, with an iron collar round his neck. He seems branded with the letters W D says his name is TOM, and that he belongs to a Mr. MITCHELL near Mara Bona. He was sent to the workhouse, but refused, having some yaws on him. The owner may have him, by applying to the overseer on said Esta te, and paying the c harges. 22 August 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay 25 See also Cornwall Chronicle (9 May 1783) Montego Bay Run away, about three weeks ago, a stout Negro wench of the Nago [Yoruba] country, named ROSE, has her country marks in her face, and marked on the shoulder A K; it is supposed she is harboured by some person in this parish, as she has been lately seen selling goods in the country. Also run away the la tter end of June last, a new Negro of the Congo country, named ROBIN HOOD, has no brand mark. Any person delivering either of the above Negroes to the Subscriber, shall receive a Pistole reward; but if harboured by a white person, on conviction of the offender, thirty Pounds, and if by people of colour, ten Pounds. MICHAEL HUNT. Run away, about a fortnight ago from the brig Duke of Leicester lying in this harbour, a stout Negro man boy, named JAM, about 15 or 16 years of age, stout made, has very thick lips, and speaks good Eng lish, being born in America. It is supposed he is gone to Old Harbour, being acquainted there. He may possibly say he is free, as he is very artful, and has been used to the sea. A reward of a Half Joe will be given to any person who will secure him in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, by applying to Mr. JOHN CURRIE on board said vessel. 27 August 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber, about 3 years ago, a short Negro wench, of a black complexion, named LUCY, marke d on one shoulder S T It is supposed she is harboured by some white person in Spanish Town, as she was seen there a short time ago. Whoever secures said wench in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, and gives information to the Subscriber, shall receive a reward of one Pistole; but if harboured, on conviction of the offender a Half Joe. MARTHA CARTWRIGHT 20 September 1782

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69 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Taken up, at Maria Bueno Plantation about a week ago, a Negro MAN of the Congo country, near 3 0 years old, has no brandmark, and has lost the upper joints of two fingers on his left hand; cannot give any account of his owner, but says he has been runaway more than two years. Any person proving their property, may have him by applying at the above Esta te, and paying the charges. 27 September 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from Fairfield Estate a Negro carpenter, named DOWIE, of a yellowish complexion, short, lusty, and well made, without any brandmark. A Half Joe reward will be paid to any per son that lodges him in gaol, or delivers him to the overseer upon said estate. If any person should attempt to carry the said Negro off the island, or otherwise harbour or conceal him, they may depend on being prosecuted as the law directs. 27 September 1782 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Absconded, about a month ago from Mr. JAMES TAYLOR a merchant in Kingston, a Negro boy of the Congo country, named MUNGO, the property of the Subscriber, is from 12 to 14 years of age, has a remarkable flat nose, large nos trils, and marked on the right shoulder A ML in one. He is apparently an alert, smart waiting boy, and it is probable he may attempt to get off the island, or may be skulking on the road between this and Kingston. Any person that will secure him to his ow ner by sending him to this parish, on giving information to the Subscriber, shall receive a Half Joe reward, and all reasonable expenses. ALEX. McLENAN. 3 October 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Hampshire, Trelawny Taken up, near this estate a few days ago, a Negro boy about 10 or 12 years old, speaks good English, and says his name is JAMES, that he is free, and a native of New York, from whence he came to Barbados about two years ago on board the Hibernia, Capt. SCARLET where he got on board the Barfleur man of war, in which ship he came down to this island. As he has no vouchers for this freedom, I took him up, and will deliver him to any person proving their property, and paying the exense of this advertisement. PAT. SMITH 11 October 1782 Cornwall Chronic le

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70 Run away, from RACHEL CARTWRIGHT about 3 weeks ago, a Negro man of the Coromantee country, named WILL, marked on the right shoulder M M, has a remarkable squint in one of his eyes, is about 5 ft. 10 in. high, of a slender make, and was formerly the property of WILLIAM GRIZEL in the parish of St. James. He is well known about Montego Bay and Lucea. Two Pistoles reward will be given to any person that will secure or deliver him to the Subscriber at the Hope Estate, Westmoreland. WILLIAM WEST 16 October 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Fontibelle, Westmoreland Run away, a few days ago from this estate a Negro waiting boy, named DICKEY, about 5 ft. high and rather thin; he took away with him a brown she mule marked W B on the left buttock. Whoever secures said boy, and lodges him in the workhouse, or takes up said mule, and gives information to Mr. JAMES FORRESTER overseer on said Estate, shall receive a Half Joe reward for each. 18 October 1782 Cornwall Chronicle M ontego Bay Run away, on Sunday last a Negro [ African ] man, named WILKES, about 5 ft. 7 in. high, stout made and of a black complexion, is a waiting man, and can shave and dress hair tolerably well. He has his country marks in the face; it is supposed he is about Martha Brae, as he formerly lived in Trel awny. A Pistole reward will be given for lodging him in any of the workhouses in this island, or delivering him to THOMAS D. BERNARD. 22 October 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Rio Bueno Run away, from the Subscriber on Sunday night last, a creole Negro man named LEVANT, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, seems about 30 years of age, and is of a yellow complexion, is marked on one of the shoulders E M on top, has the mark of a large blister between his shoulders, and speaks very good English. Whoever apprehends him and lodges him in the workhouse of Hanover, St. James, Trelawny, or St. Ann, or brings him to the Subscriber at Rio Bueno, shall be handsomely rewarded. HENRY DICKENSON. 25 October 1782 Cornwall Chronicle St. James

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71 Run away, from Rose Hall Estate in this parish the 4th of May last,26 a Negro woman named NANNETT, imported into this island from Guadeloupe. She is a very black, likely wench about 30 years of age. Whoever brings the above wench to the Subscriber, or lodges her in any of the gaols, shall receive two Pistoles reward, and whoever can give sufficient evidence of her being employed, harboured or concealed, shall, on conviction of the offender, receive ten Pounds. JOHN PALMER 31 October 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, about two weeks ago a Negro manboy, named ALEXIS, of the Coromantee country, without any brandmark. He is very black, tall, and slim of a simple countenance but ve ry artful. He had on when he went away, an oznaburg frock, has been seen in the Bogue Road, and says he is going for his master s horse at the Ramble. He is well known at the Bogue, and about Montpelier Estate. Whoever secures said Negro, and will inform J OHN ANDERSON, merchant, Montego B ay, shall be well rewarded. 7 November 1782 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, on the 4th inst. from Mr. DAVID RANKIN, a Negro man named POLYDORE, marked with S I He is by trade a cooper, of the Mundingo country, s peaks tolerable good English, and is a likely, well made fellow, about 5 ft. 10 in. high. Also, from the Subscriber, three Negro men of the Mundingo country, named CHARLES, GEORGE, and DICK, all of a yellow complexion and marked on the right shoulder I M. Charles is a tall, slim fellow, nigh 6 ft. high; George and Dick about 5 ft. 6 in. They have been in the country about nine months, and speak tolerable good English. Whoever apprehends them and lodges them in any of the gaols or workhouses shall be handsom ely rewarded. JOHN MONCRIEFFE 8 November 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Hanover 26 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.234236. Run away, from the Subscriber the 22d of April 1781, a Congo wench named AMY, about 40 years of age, 5 ft. 1 or 2 in. high, has a remarkable scar about her mouth from a burn, and ( if visible) [sic] marked on the shoulder B B, on top, or S B Also, her daughter SARAH, about 25 years of age and 5 ft. 3 or 4 in. high; she is proportionably well made, her hair and complexion much like a sambo, has full eyes and brazen look, which make s her the less suspected; she has passed for some time as free, by the name of SALLY at others for a wench belonging to

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72 McGHIE It is supposed they are harboured at Blue Hole Estate in this parish, by their husbands. Ten Pounds reward for each will be given to any person proving them harboured, on conviction of the offender, if a white person, and five if by people of colour; or two Pistoles on lodging them in any of the gaols, giving information thereof to Richard Brissett, Esq., Trelawny, George Croll in Hanover, William Russell in Westmoreland, or the Subscriber in St. Mary. STEPHEN BRADFORD. 8 November 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, about six weeks ago a young Negro wench, named CAMILLA, of the Eboe country, about 21 years of age, with her child AGNES, about 2 years old. She is marked on the right shoulder R I H on top. It is probable she has gone towards Camp Savanna in Westmoreland, where she is well acquainted, or is about Green Island in Hanover; she used formerly to skulk about Cat herine Hall in this parish. Also, BELINDA, an old woman of the Congo country, and is supposed to be skulking about Hanover. A Half Joe reward will be given for each, to any person who will deliver them to the Subscriber, or lodges them in gaol, giving noti ce thereof; but whoever is detected in harbouring, concealing or employing them will be prosecuted according to law. THOMAS ROBERTS 14 November 1782 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from Worcester Estate the 27th of May last, a Negro man of the Su cco country named DUNDEE. Supposed to be marked T R ; he is about 5 ft. 6 in. high, meagre, and has a remarkable grey head and beard, a mark of a cut across his belly, and generally troubled by sore ears. He talks very good English, and will probably pretend that his master has given him his liberty on account of his old age. Whoever delivers said Negro to Mr. DAVID COOPER at Montego Bay, the overseer on the above Estate, or lodge him in any gaol or workhouse, shall be gratefully rewarded. 17 November 1782 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from Palmira Estate in this parish about a month ago a Negro fellow, named CUPID, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, of the Moco country, speaks little or no English, and is marked on the right shoulder W L on top; had on when he went away an oznaburg frock. Whoever secures him in any of the gaols or workhouses shall be handsomely rewarded, by applying to WILLIAM LOVE

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73 21 November 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Hanover Run away, from BENJAMIN PINTO, a Negro woman of the Eboe count ry named LUCINDA, marked on her shoulder T S between. She has a blemish in one of her eyes, and speaks but very indifferent English. Any person securing her in any gaol or workhouse, or brings her to the proprietor as above, shall receive twenty Shillings reward, and all charges. 30 November 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Ran away, on Sunday night the 24th inst. from the Subscriber, a mulatto lad named PETER, about 20 years of age, tall, of a slender make, and rather inkneed. Had on when he went away a reddish coloured coat with white metal buttons, str iped waistcoast and breeches, a cocked hat, with band and tassel, and pays great attention to his hair, it being generally plaited at the temples. It is supposed he is gone towards Kingston, where he is well acquainted with an intent to get off the island, as he is very sensible, and may impose himself on a master of a vessel as free, he being known to several gentlemen of the navy. This is therefore to caution all masters of vessels or others, from harbouring, concealing, or carrying off the island, the sa id slave, as they may depend on being prosecuted as the law directs. Five Pounds reward will be give to any person delivering him to the Subscriber, or a Half Joe on securing him in any of the gaols or workhouses, giving notice thereof to JOHN McCARTHY. 3 December 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from the ship Daws about 10 days ago, when she was lying in Martha Brae harbour, two Negro men, named PHILANDER and BARBADOS. Philander is a slim, slight made Negro, about 5 ft. 6 or 7 in. high, of a black complexion, was born in Carolina, and speaks rather thick; he is tolerable handy with tools. Barbados is a creole of that island, a short, active, well made fellow, about 5 ft. 2 or 3 in. high, speaks good English and is very plausible. They are both between 1 8 and 20 years of age. Whoever secures them and will give information thereof to Messrs. THOMSON, CAMPBELL and CO. Montego Bay, shall be suitably rewarded. 10 December 1782 Cornwall Chronicle Westmorelan d Run away, from Fort William Estate,27 the 1 st of November last, a creole Negro man named CUDJOE, about 5 ft. 8 in. high, stout and well made, speaks good English, and is by trade a cooper. He is marked on both cheeks W B between, but scarcely visible. Whoever secures him 27 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001),p.109.

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74 in any of the gaols of this island, giving information thereof, or delivering him to Mr. SAMUEL KING, upon the said Estate, shall receive a Half Joe reward; but if harboured by any white person or persons, twenty Pounds will be given, on conviction of the offender. The above Negro has frequently been taken out of ships at Savanna la Mar; this therefore to forewarn all masters of vessels whatsoever, not to harbour or carry off said Negro, as they will be prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. 1783 25 January 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from Orange Grove in the parish of Trelawny, the following Negroes: ADAM, a new Negro man about 37 years of age, of the Mundingo country, speaks very little Eng lish, slim made, and has lost several of his fore teeth. Also, KATE and MILLY, of the same country [ M a ndingo], stout made, from 20 to 25 years of age, speaks but little English, and has their country marks on their face; they are all marked on the right shoulder H W G on top, and absconded about the 10th of April 1782. GEORGE, a creole about 23 years of age, tall and stout made, has rather thick lips, and absconded about the 19th of March 1782; is marked on both shoulders and breast H W G on top, a sensible fellow, and passes for a free man by the name of GEORGE RODNEY, can work at the carpenter s business and shoe horses: it is supposed he is harboured about the mountains of St. James, or gone to Hanover or Westmoreland. Also, DICK, a middle size Negro, of the Eboe country, about 27 years of age, speaks tolerable good English, has been in the country several years, and absconded about the 5th of April last, is marked as the rest [ H W G on top], and supposed to be harboured by some Negroes about Dundee Estate or in that neighbourhood. Any person securing any of the above Negroes in the gaols or workhouses of this island, and will give information to Ephraim Dunn, Esq., St. Ann, or the S ubscriber as above, shall receive a Half Joe reward for each, and all reasonable charges; but if harboured or concealed, on conviction of the offender, shall receive twenty Pounds for George, and ten Pounds for each of the others. HENRY WISDOM GALLIMORE 19 February 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from the Subscriber the 16th instant, a Negro man of the Portuguese [Congo] country named GEORGE, aged 20 years, about 5 ft. 4 in. high, and marked on both shoulders and breasts A A, on top. Had on when he eloped, a check shirt and oznaburg trowsers, and is supposed to have gone toward St. Ann, having worked in that parish some time as a carpenter. Whoever secures said Negro in any of his Majesty s gaols, or gives information so that he may be secured, shall receive a Half Joe reward, by applying to the Subscriber at Caledonia Estate, Westmoreland. THOMAS FORBES

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75 20 February 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, about four months ago from Chester Estate in Trelawny a Negro fellow, named KINGSTON, of the Chamba country, very tall, rather of a yellow complexion, and has his country marks in his face, he has been about twelve months in the country, and was seen the Sunday after Christmas at MarthaBrae, and is marked I S Also, a Negro fell ow named YORK, of the Congo country, about 5 ft. 5 in. high, and has been frequently seen about Salt March. Also, from Bounty Hall Estate, a stout Negro fellow named TALLIGO, of the Chamba country, and marked C M ; he was lately seen about Black River. Who ever brings either of the above Negroes to JOHN SIMPSON, Esq., at Bounty Hall, Mr. JAMES VIRGO DUNNE at Chester Estate, or lodge them in any of the gaols, shall receive a Half Joe reward. 27 February 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Taken up, at Green wich Park Penn near MarthaBrae, a new Negro MAN of the Moco country, cannot or will not tell his master s name. He is marked W E or W L the mark being defaced, cannot distinguish which. It is supposed he was bought out of the cargo of the Guineaman left at Camana s, which was sold by Messrs. BIRCH and GIBSON.28 The owner may have him by applying to JAMES GAYNER of the above Penn, paying all charges. 25 March 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Run away, the 2nd instant, a wellmade Spanish Negro boy, about 13 or 14 years of age, named JOE. He was seen some days afterwards about Mr. Monteath s at Green Island, and is supposed to be harboured thereabout. Any person lodging him in any of the gaols or workhouses of this island, giving information thereof to the Subscriber at Savanna la Mar, will receive four Pistoles reward, but whoever harbours him may depend on being prosecuted as the law directs. John Atkins. 31 March 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from Stewart Castle on the 13th of January last, a mu latto woman named JENNY, 28 Cf. the following two African slaving voyages from the Bight of Biafra to western Jamaica in 1782 83. TAST (1999) ID#82894, the Nelly Capt. Patrick Fairweather, owned by Thomas Birch, 220 tons, crew of 38, departed Liverpool March 1781, via Calabar, imputed 429 slaves embarked to Jamaica, disembarked imputed 321 slaves from Feb. 17 82; TAST (1999) ID#80296, the Anna, Capt. John Savage, owned by Joseph Birch, Thomas Birch, & Bernard Birch, 100 tons, crew of 46, departed Liverpool July 1782, via Bonny, imputed 606 slaves embarked to Montego Bay, Jamaica, and disembarked 490 slaves from Jan. 1783.

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76 remarkable tall, and apparently about 29 years of age. It is supposed she will assume the character of a free woman, to avoid being apprehended. Any person bringing her to the Subscriber, shall receive two Pounds, ten Shillings rew ard; and twenty Pounds will be given to any person proving by whom she is harboured, on conviction of the offender. J. STEWART and SON. 14 April 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Run away, in September last a Negro boy, named DICKEY, about 5 ft. 5 in. high; he took with him a bay she mule. Some time after, he was taken up, and harboured by one John Demerlin who lived upon Good Hope Estate in Trelawny, but had left that property. In his way to the Plantain Garden River, through St. Mary, he sold the mul e to Mr. Mark Adams of Islington Estate, who reading a former advertisement, and the mule answering the description, very honestly and much to his credit immediately intimated to the proprietor, by which conduct the mule has been recovered. John Demerlin l odged at a Mrs. Campbell s in Kingston, where the boy Dickey waited on him for some time, but was taken up at this lodging house and committed to gaol. By enquiry at Mrs. Campbell s, Demerlin had assumed the name of Dipple [sic]. Dickey, when taken out of gaol made his escape, and is supposed still to be in Kington. John Demerlin, alias Dipple, is a good looking man, about 5 ft. 6 or 7 in. high, short sandy hair, and well made. Whoever will give information of the said Demerlin, alias Dipple, so that he may be taken up to answer the above charge, shall receive ten Pounds reward; and whoever secures Dickey in any of the gaols, informing JOHN LEWIS of Westmoreland thereof, shall receive five Pounds reward. 9 May 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Stirling Castle Run away, from the Subscriber about 3 weeks ago, a creole fellow named ORANGE, and about 2 weeks after, a creole boy named GLOUCESTER, both of them have been for some time at or about Montego Bay, and I am credibly informed Orange is hired on board some boat. This is therefore to give notice, that if he is found harboured by any person, they will be prosecuted according to law. A reward of twenty Shillings will be given to any person that lodges either or the above Negroes in the workhouse. PAT. SPENCE Junr. 9 May 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, about three weeks ago, a stout Negro wench of the Nago country, named ROSE, has her country marks in her face, and marked on the shoulder A K ; it is supposed she is harboured

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77 by some person in this paris h, as she has been lately seen selling goods in the country. Also run away the latter end of June last, a new Negro of the Congo country, named Robin Hood,29 has no brandmark. Any person delivering either of the above Negroes to the Subscriber, shall recei ve a Pistole reward; but if harboured by a white person, on conviction of the offender, thirty Pounds, and if by people of colour, ten Pounds. MICHAEL HUNT 14 May 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland 29 duplicative; see Cornwall Chronicle 16 August 1782. Run away, from the Delve Estate about five weeks ago, two young creole fellows, (which were lately purchased from John Dickson, Esq., of Hanover) [sic] one called SAMPSON, a stout, square made Negro, of a yellow complexion, small features, about 5 ft. 8 in. high, 22 years old, and by trade a carpenter. The other named PETER, a dark sambo, small made, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, 18 years old, and was lately put to the mason s business. It is supposed they are lurking about the upper part of Hanover or St. James. Whoever apprehends either of said Negroes, or secur es them in gaol, shall, on giving information thereof, receive a Half Joe reward for each. WILLIAM HYLTON. 23 May 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, a Negro man named CORYDON, a compleat fisherman, and well known on this bay. A Pistole reward will be given to whoever secures said Negro in any of the workhouses in this island, and gives information to the Subscriber; but whoever informs by whom said Negro is harboured or employed, if by a white person, on conviction of the offender, shall receive a reward of twenty Pounds, or by a person of colour, five Pounds. The above Negro will be sold for 150 or rented for one, two, or three years, at 50 s. [shilling] per month. He is a compleat fisherman, makes seines, trummels, nets, fishpots, &c. and fis hes with hook and line. Any person inclinable to rent or purchase, will please apply to ROBERT ROCHEFORT 27 May 1783 Cornwall Chronicle MarthaBrae Run away, from the Subscriber a Negro fellow, of the Coromantee country, named LONDON, short, well made, and about 25 years of age. He is well known at Montego Bay and in the parish of Trelawny. Whoever secures said Negro in any of the gaols, shall receive a Half Joe reward, by applying to Mr. NICHOLAS SMITH, at Montego Bay, or JOHN FOWLER

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78 29 May 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Run away, from the Subscriber about the 1st of April last a Negro fellow, named DICK, formerly the property of Mr. JAMES McLACHLAN, at Retrieve Estate in Hanover. He is of the Congo country, about 5 ft. 5 in. high, very black, thick lips, and his feet very subject to chiggers. Whoever secures said Negro in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, and gives immediate notice thereof to William Brown, Esq., at the Point, Hanover, Alexander Longlands, Esq., Montego Bay, or the Subs criber at Orange Valley Estate in this parish, shall receive a Pistole reward and all reasonable charges. He is supposed to be harboured about Orange Cove Estate, or Retrieve in Hanover. DAVID KERR 30 May 1783 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, on S unday the 20th of April last, a Negro man named TOM, but calls himself THOMAS SAMUELS He is a creole, well made, about 5 ft. 7 or 8 in. high, 28 years old, speaks good English, and is marked on the right shoulder W A with 2 reversed on top. He may endeav our to get employed on board the shipping, being used to that work. Whoever brings him to the Subscriber, or George McFarquhar, Esq., Montego Bay, shall receive twenty Shillings reward; but if any person is found harbouring him, they may depend on being de alt with as the law directs. WILLIAM ANGLIN, Senr. 30 May 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, a creole Negro fellow, named DAGO, about 5 ft. 6 or 7 in. high, and 35 years of age. Had on when he went away, a blue jacket without sleeves, oznaburg frock and trowsers, a white hat, with some spots of paint and tar on it, and has lost three or four of his upper teeth, speaks good English, and lately from America. Any one securing him in any of the gaols, giving information thereof to Mr. JOSEPH ISMAY, shall be handsomely rewarded. All masters of vessels are warned against carrying the said Negro off the island, as they may depend on being prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. 5 June 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Run away, from Acton Estate i n this parish in February last, three Negro men, of the Moco country, named AJAX, CLUB, and CLARET. Ajax is a stout, well made Negro about 5 ft. 8 in.

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79 high, has a sulky look, filed teeth, and marked S on the right cheek and shoulder. Club, about [ illeg ible ]. Claret, a slim made, middle sized Negro, has lost two or three of the small toes off one of his feet, and marked S on the right shoulder. They were seen in April last near Duncans in the said parish, where they are supposed to be harboured. Any person securing the above Negroes, or either of them, in any of the gaols or workhouses, giving notice thereof to Messrs. John and James Palmer, Montego Bay, Mr. David Lyon at the Point, Martha Brae, or the Subscriber at Acton, shall receive a Half Joe reward for each; but if harboured or concealed, on conviction of the offender, if by a white person, forty Pounds, and if by a mulatto or Negro, ten Pounds. JOEL SAVELL 18 June 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from the Subscriber some time in October last from D un s Hole, a Negro woman named BETTY, of the Eboe country. She is about 4 ft. 10 in. high, of a yellow complexion, speaks good English, and is marked on one of her shoulders M R on top. She is well known at MarthaBrae and about that neighbourhood, having formerly lived with Mr s MARGARET RITCHIE dec., of that place, and is now supposed to be harboured by a Mr. RITCHIE a taylor, living on Mr. Mulloy s land or thereabouts, joini ng on Arcadia Estate in Trelawny. Whoever gives information where she is harboured, or secures her in any of the workhouses, shall receive a Half Joe reward, and all reasonable charges. JOSIAH WARREN. 26 June 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Lucea Run away, from the Subscriber, about three weeks ago, a Negro man slave named PLATO, of the Congo country. He is about 20 years of age, 5 ft. 10 in. high, of a very black complexion, and marked on the right shoulder I D Whoever takes up said Negro, and will deliver him to the Subscriber at this place, Mr. John Groat, Savanna la Mar, or the Printing Office at Montego Bay, shall receive a Pistole reward. JOHN MOXHAM 12 July 1783 Cornwall Chronicle St. Ann Bay Escaped, out of the prison of this parish sometime in Februar y last, a mulatto man slave named DAN, (under sentence of transportation) [sic] formerly belonging to Drax Hall Estate,30 the property of WILLIAM BECKFORD, Esq. He is a stout made man, about 28 years of age, and had a wooden leg; is supposed to be harboured on some of Mr. Beckford s properties, and was lately seen on the said Estate. He is a dangerous fellow, goes armed, and is supposed to have 30 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.99102.

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80 stolen two horses since he made his escape. He had his leg cut off for robbing the late Mr. John McDonald, then ove rseer of Drax Hall; information has been received, that since his escape, he uses a neat cork leg and wears trowsers. Any person apprehending said fellow, and lodging him in any of the gaols of this island, or will bring him to the subscriber, shall receive ten Pounds reward. WILLIAM VOCE 17 July 1783 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, about 12 months ago from George Christie s settlement at Miranda Hill, a tall, slim new Negro man, of the Congo country, marked on one of his shoulders G C pitted with the smallpox, speaks very little English, and answers to the name of SIMON. A Half Joe for reward will be paid to any person who will commit him to any of the gaols or workhouses of this island, on application to Mr. Jacob Graham, or the Subscriber, JOHN CHRISTIE 21 July 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Hanover Taken up, at Chigwell Penn on the 12th inst., a Negro MAN of the Congo country, about 40 years of age, and has no brandmark. He cannot speak any English, nor does he know his master s name, but says in his country language that he has been runaway a number of years. Any person proving their property, may have him by applying to the Subscriber on said Penn, paying all charges. GARRETT WALL 7 August 1783 Cornwall Chronicle MarthaBrae Run away, from the Subscriber about 9 months since, a young Negro man named PROVIDENCE, of the Mundingo country, about 5 ft. 9 in. high, has filed teeth, and a sore on one of his ankles, not being quite recovered from the yaws. He is an artful fellow, talks good English, an d was some time in March last sent to Savanna la Mar for gaol, under the name of JAMES belonging to one BESTY from whence he was discharged having a yaw sore on his ankle. Any person delivering said Negro to Mr. Joseph Wetley at Lucea, or the Subscriber as above, shall receive a reward of fifty Shillings, and all charges. WILLIAM LEE 20 August 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Run away, on Friday the 8th instant, a Negro man named WILL, marked on both shoulders with

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81 I LEWIS He took away with him a handsome bay horse, a small trunk with linen marked I L, a red coat with black spots, a blue great coat lined with red baze and a cutteau mounted with brass and buff belt. He was seen the same day between the Bogue Estate and Montego Bay. Whoever secures him in a gaol or workhouse, giving information to the Subscriber, shall receive a Half Joe reward; and if any person will discover were said horse may be found, and recovered, shall be entitled to a reward of five Pounds. J. LEWIS 25 August 1783 Cornwal l Chronicle Rio Bueno Taken up, at Bryan Castle Penn about 2 months ago, a Negro wench who calls herself SALLY, of the Chamba country. Says she belonged to a Mrs. SMITH in Westmoreland, has been absent for five or six years, and wandering about the country ever since. She was sent to the workhouse, but refused on account of her sores. Any person to whom she belongs, may have her by applying as above, paying all charges. JOHN NIVEN. 28 August 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscribe r about a fortnight ago, a creole Negro fellow named JEFFRY, about 22 years of age, and has a large lump on one of this shoulders, and one on his side, occasioned by a burn. He is well known throughout the island. Whoever takes up said Negro, and will brin g him to me, or secure him in any of the workhouse, giving information thereof, shall be thankfully rewarded. JOHN GONNE 5 September 1783 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from the Subscriber about 5 months ago, a creole Negro wench, of a very blac k complexion, named AMORET but commonly called EBOE She is about 5 ft. 9 in. high, marked on one of her shoulders M M, and is well known in this parish. Whoever takes up said wench, and secures her in any of the workhouses of this island, giving informati on thereof, will be entitled to a reward of ten Pounds, or whoever will bring her to me at my settlement near the Bogue, shall receive a reward of twenty Pounds. It is supposed she was carried away by a mulatto man named Sims, a tailor, and imagined to be in Spanish Town or Kingston. REBECCA ANDERSON. 9 September 1783 Cornwall Chronicle

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82 Tr elawny Taken up, at Cool Shade in this parish a Negro man, named QUAVE, of the Moco country, has no brandmark to be seen, is about 40 years old, and 5 ft. 8 in. high. F ormerly the property of Mr. PATRICK BURKE of the parish of St. James, dec., but after his death was sold for taxes. Whoever owns said Negro, may have him by applying as above, and paying the charges. THOMAS BURKE 10 September 1783 Cornwall Chronicle We stmoreland Run away, from Anglesea Penn in this parish about 6 weeks ago, a Negro woman named KATY, a tall, black, stout, long sided wench, with a remarkable flat nose, marked on the right breast H B She has been harboured by a Negro fellow called Billy, belonging to Brodie, formerly Deputy Marshall. Whoever will secure her in any of the gaols of this island, or bring her to the above Penn, shall receive twenty Pounds reward. BEN. BLAKE 10 September 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Savanna la Mar Run away, from the Subscriber about 12 months ago, a [ creole] Negro woman named MARGARET. She is about 5 ft. 8 in. high, and pitted with the smallpox. She went off with a Negro fellow [MAN] her husband, a carpenter by trade, and are both Americans born. She may endeavour to pass for a free woman, as she has in her possession an American Ticket. Whoever takes up said wench and secures her, so that I may recover her, shall be entitled to a reward of ten Pounds. JAMES JACKS 12 September 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Kingston R un away, about 3 months ago from the Subscriber, a Negro man named DICK, formerly the property of Mr. DAVID FINLAYSON, marked on the right shoulder with a broad arrow, is about 35 years of age, of a short stature, and well known as a message boy between We stmoreland and Spanish Town. He is a very plausible fellow, has a remarkable soft voice, and is very fond of wearing a handkerchief round his head. Whoever lodges him in any of the Leeward gaols or workhouses (in which parishes he is supposed to be) [sic] shall receive five Pounds reward from Mr. David Finlayson in Westmoreland, or Mr. William Balfour, Montego Bay, and ten Pounds on conviction of his being harboured. G. FLOYD. 19 September 1783

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83 Cornwall Chronicle Catherine Hall Taken up, on this estate, two Negro men [MAN] [MAN] of the Eboe country, speak very little English, and are about 5 ft. 5 in. high. One is stout made, the other slender, their upper teeth filed, but no marks about them. They say they belong to a sugar plantation, but cannot tell the name, only that the proprietor is gone off the property, and on some other white person taking possession, the whole of the Negroes left the estate and took to the woods, those two kept by themselves, travelled by night, and laid by in the woods in the day. Any person proving their property, and paying the expenses, may have them by applying to JOHN WILLIAM DOW on said Estate. The above Negroes say they have been runaways about a fortnight. 27 September 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Ten Pistoles Reward Absconded, from Robert Pitcairn s lodging house in Spanish Town on Saturday the 30th of August last, a mulatto waiting boy, named SAM, the property of the Subscriber. He is stout and young, his hair grows pretty much down out his forehead. Had on when he went aw ay, a white shirt, an oznaburg jacket, and a pair of long trowsers. He is well known about Lucea, and is supposed to have gone there, having several relations in that neighbourhood, and his mother living on the bay. Any person who delivers him to Robert Gordon, or Archibald Edgar, Esqrs., St. Thomas in the East, or Alexander Farquharson, St. George, John Baird, Esq., attorney at law, in Kingston, Robert Pitcairn in Spanish Town, William Moore in Lucea, or the Subscriber at Montego Bay, shall be thankfully r ewarded; and on conviction of his being harboured, the above reward of ten Pistoles shall be paid, by H. FARQUHARSON. 27 September 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from Dry Harbour, the 22nd day of Sept. 1783, three Negro men, one manboy, four women (one with a child) [ sic] viz: JOHN, a middle aged man; JOHN, an old man; SYMS, an old man; BILLY, a manboy; DINA, SUE, HANNAH, PRISCILLA (with a CHILD) [sic] The above Negroes are marked T Y on the shoulder, and were lately from America. Whoever secures t hem in any of his Majesty s gaols or workhouses of this island shall receive twenty Shillings reward for each. Masters of merchant ships, as well as captains of his Majesty s ships, are forewarned not to carry them off this island, or harbour them. One hundred Pounds reward will be given, on conviction of the offender or offenders who may be found harbouring them, if a white person or persons. THOMAS YORKE 14 November 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Taken up, on or about the 23rd of October last by a Shallop bel onging to J. and A. Borden, about

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84 12 leagues to the NW of Cape Cruz, in the island of Cuba, in a Moses Long boat, six Negroes, GLASGOW, HECTOR, YORK, TOM, SUCCESS, and [ creole] OLD TOM who says he is an American born. They say they belong to a Mr. JOHN HAR DY in Kingston, and that they had run away from a schooner belonging to the said John Hardy, at St. Ann s or Cherera s Bay. Whoever owns said Negroes, may have them on proving their property and paying the salvage and expenses, by applying to John and Abra ham Borden at Mart ha Brae Point. 9 December 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, about six months ago a Negro fellow, named SIMON. He is rather stout, of the Chamba country, and has his country marks in his face, and marked I W on both shoulders and breasts. Also, a Negro fellow named JOE, he is of the same country [ Chamba ], and marked on both shoulders I W Whoever brings either of the above Negroes to the Subscriber, or lodges them in any of the gaols or workhouses of this island, shall receive twenty Shillings reward. Simon was lately seen in the parish of St. Ann, and Joe going towards Hanover. JOHN WAR 12 December 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Savanna la Mar Run away, from the Subscriber about 5 weeks ago a tall, stout, Negro woman named MARIA, of the Mundingo country, with her country marks in her face, black complexion, two of her upper teeth quite decayed, and has lost one of her toes with the yaws. She is branded on the right shoulder E F, well acquainted in St. Elizabeth, and was lately seen going over the Barrack road to Montego Bay. She is very artful, and may have changed her name. A Half Joe reward will be given to any person that takes up the said Negro, or secures her in any of the workhouses of this island; and ten Pounds will be given to any person proving her harboured by a white person, and five Pounds, if by a person of colour or free Negro, on conviction of the offender. ELIZABETH FITZGERALD. 19 December 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Stirling Castle, Hanover Run away, from the above es tate above three months ago, a creole Negro MAN, about 23 years of age, a very sensible fellow, and has no other mark but a cut over one of his eyes, occasionaed by a kick from a mule; he was seen about six weeks ago, at or near Belfield Estate, St. James. Whoever apprehends said Negro, and will secure him in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, shall be thankfully rewarded, by applying to the Subscriber at the above place. PATRICK SPENCE Junr.

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85 26 December 1783 Cornwall Chronicle Broke out of i rons, and escaped from Martha Brae Gaol on Thursday night the 18th instant, a Negro man who calls himself CHARLES LEE, under sentence of death for house breaking. He is a middle sized black man, and speaks very good English, is well known about Savanna la Mar, where he has been frequently, and used to stay at the house of a free woman named Rogers or Baker. Whoever will apprehend said Negro man, and lodge him in any of the gaols of this island, or deliver him to me at Montego Bay or Martha Brae, shall recei ve ten Pounds reward, and all reasonable charges. WILL. BALFOUR 1784 16 January 1784 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Taken up, at Pleasant Valley Plantation a Negro man, of the Congo country, says his name is DOUGLAS, that he came from an island near the Guinea Coast, and was taken by the Spaniards near St. Kitt s in the war. He has a brand mark, not very plain, but seems to be S L Any person proving their property may have him by applying to the Subscriber, and paying all charges. John Scarlett. 26 January 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Taken up, at Spicey Hill in the parish of Trelawny, a Negro man of the Coromantee country, marked N P on top, has some country marks on his temples, and calls himself YORK. Whoever owns said Negro may have him by applying to the Subscriber at said place. WILLIAM GALLIMORE 6 February 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Spring Spots, St. Elizabeth Absented themselves, before and since the decease of ARCHIBALD BROWN from Spring Spot, under various circumstances, five mulatto MEN, seven m ulatto WOMEN, with about twenty of their CHILDREN, (which land and slaves the late Archibald Brown had only a life rent in) [sic] A part of said slaves are now under terms for their actual freedom, and the rest are hereby required to make immediate applic ation, return to their duty or they will forfeit our future lenity; and whereas three of the said mulatto men slaves have been very audacious, named TOMMY, JOE, and BEN, well known in St. Elizabeth. Any person securing them in gaol, shall receive a reward of two Pistoles for each, and any person proving them employed or harboured, so that the

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86 offender may be convicted, shall receive twenty Pistoles reward for each, if by a white person, and half that sum is by a person of colour, on application to Dr. Willi am Johnstone, Thomas Oliver, or James Fleming. JAMES FLEMING. 6 February 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Spring Spots, St. Elizabeth Run away, from the above estate in December last, a stout fellow named LONDON, a Negro wench named ROSE, and AMY her daughter, and a child named PHILLIS, the property of the Subscriber, and for whom a reward of two Pistoles for each will be given. JAMES FLEMING. 20 February 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, this forenoon from the schooner Rebecca Capt. SPENCE lying in Montego Ba y, a slim made Negro fellow named GEORGE, a native of Barbados, and speaks very good English. Had on when he went away, a long blue coat, with yellow buttons, a white coatee below it, and a pair of long trowsers. He is remarkable for having long legs and l arge feet. Whoever brings said Negro to the Captain on board, or to the Printing Office, shall receive five Pounds reward. 2 March 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Smith field Penn, near Savanna la Mar Run away, from this place the 11th of Feb. last, a Negro boy of the Congo country, named PETER. He is about 16 years of age, stout made, has a mark upon his right shoulder, but not recollected, two remarkable large holes in his ears, and had on when he went away, a white coatee, blue jacket, thickset pair of breeches and an oznaburg frock over all. Whoever secures the above Negro in any of the gaols of this island, or brings him to the Subscriber, shall receive two Pistoles reward; but if harboured, on conviction of the offender, five Pounds. EDWARD PRICE 5 March 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Mo ntego Bay Run away, last Friday fo night [sic] from on board the schooner Hope ARCHIBALD McFEE master, a Negro fellow named CHRISTIAN. He is a stout, well made Negro, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, and had on when he went away, a blue woollen jacket with white lining, and a pair of green woollen trowsers. Whoever secures said Negro, and will give information thereof to Messrs. THOMSEN, CAMPBELL and CO. or the Captain on board, shall receive a Half Joe reward.

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87 12 March 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay This is to forewarn all persons, more especially the captains of vessels, not to carry off the island a young Negro woman slave named MARYBEE, formerly the property of Mr. JEREMIAH JENKINS but now of the Subscriber. She is supposed t o be harboured by some person in this place. Whoever takes said wench off the island, may depend on being prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. J. W. HARVEY. 17 March 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Fat Hog Quarter, Hanover Run away, the 22nd ult., a new N egro man of the Succo country, named DICK. He can speak no English, is of a very black complexion, appears to be about 25 or 30 years old, has some of his country marks in his face, but no brandmark, and was a little lame in both feet when he absconded, occasioned by chiggers. Whoever lodges the above Negro in any of the gaols in this island, or brings him to the Subscriber at this estate, shall receive fifty Shillings reward. GEO. NIEDRICK 19 March 1784 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from the S ubscriber on Sunday the 14th inst., a tall slender creole wench, named NANCY, formerly the property of MARTIN WILLIAMS Esq. Whoever brings said wench to John Mowat or Francis Mairez, Esqrs., or lodges her in any of the workhouses of this island, shall be handsomely rewarded. WILLIAM RUSEA 19 March 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Chatham Run away, about four months ago from this estate, a Negro man named LOPEZ. He has a scar mark on one or both cheeks, is marked on the shoulder P speaks tolerable good English, but soft. Has a down cast look, and large eye brows, with remarkable hairy legs and thighs, is very cunning and acute, and will pass himself as sent on some business. All persons are warned against harbouring him; and a satisfactory reward will be given to any person lodging him in any of the gaols of this island, or by giving notice of his being otherwise secured, so as he may be sent for to the overseer of this Estate, or to AL. PETERKIN

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88 20 March 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Mount Ricketts, Westmoreland Run away, from this place a Negro man, named PLATO, about 5 ft. 8 in. high, of a yellow complexion, marked W R and one of ears cropt. He worked some time with Mr. Whitaker and Mr. John Potts, and is well known in the parishes of Hanover, St. James, and St. El izabeth. Whoever secures said Negro in any of the workhouses, so that he may not make his escape, or bring him to me, shall receive a reward of five Pounds. W. H. RICKETTS 26 March 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Hanover Run away, about the month of April 1781, a Negro man named CUFFEE, of the Coromantee country, by trade a mason. He is remarkably black, thin, about 30 years of age, 5 ft. 6 in. high, and supposed to be marked on the right shoulder R K Also, in the month of October last, a Negro man named CUFFEE of the Canga country, speaks good English, is about 30 years of age, 5 ft. 9 in. high; he formerly belonged to the estate of Mr. JAMES CAMPBELL of the parish of St. Elizabeth, and supposed to be skulking about Lenox Estate or Windsborough Penn, in said parish. Whoever takes up said Negroes, or either of them, and will give information to Robert Kerr, Esq., Hanover, or the Printer hereof, or lodges them in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, shall be entitled to a Half Joe for the former, and fi ve Pounds for the latter, with all reasonable charges. ( ROBERT KERR ) [sic] 29 March 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from the Subscriber the 22nd of September a young Negro fellow, named BILLY, of the Chamba country, the marks of which are very plain i n his face, and is marked on one shoulder A D on top. The above Negro runaway about 3 years ago and was for a time harboured by a watchman in the plantain walk of an estate on the bank of the Rio Bueno River, belonging to G. R. Hamilton, Esq., and where it is supposed he is now harboured. Also runaway, on the 10th inst. a Negro man, named DICK, a short thick fellow of a yellow complexion, with two of his upper front teeth out, and imagined to be marked R B, on top, or A D on top, on one of his shoul ders. A Half Joe reward will be give for each, on securing them in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, giving notice thereof to the Subscriber, by applying to Thomas Hall, Esq., Montego Bay, or Mr. Davis, attorney at law, Spanish Town; and a sui table reward will be given to any person who can give information where, and by whom either of the said Negroes are harboured, on conviction of the offenders. A. DAVIS 2 April 1784 Cornwall Chronicle

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89 St. James Run away, from Reading Wharf the 27th of la st month, an American Negro wench, named MARY, about 5 ft. high, 50 years of age, and has lost some of her fore teeth. She speaks good English, and may endeavour to pass for a free woman. Any person lodging her in any of the gaols or workhouses in this isl and, or otherwise securing her, giving notice thereof to Mr. James Barron, Montego Bay, or the Subscriber as above, shall be thankfully rewarded. HUGH ANDERSON. 2 April 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Run away, about 8 months ago from WILLIAM BOSLEY Esq., in this parish a slim, yellow fellow, about 25 years of age, named DANIEL, born in America, and speaks very good English. He was brought to this island about three years ago, and as he is very artful may attempt to pass for a free man. Whoever appre hends and lodges him in any place of confinement in this island, giving notice thereof as above to Messrs. Stamp and Gutzmer, Kingston, shall receive a Half Joe reward. Masters of vessels and others are requested not to take off, harbour, or conceal the sa id fellow. ( WILLIAM BOSLEY ) [sic] 6 April 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Hyde Estate, Trelawny Run away, from the estate about four years ago, a Negro man named OTHELLO, of the Papaw country, marked on the right shoulder E C about 5 ft. 5 in. high, of a yell ow complexion, and has a small defect in the wrists of both his hands. He has been seen in St. James and Hanover, with a letter from some person, who he is supposed to be harboured by, it is directed to the Hon. Samuel Williams Haughton of Hanover. He is a very cunning, artful fellow, and knows most parts of the island, as he formerly was a waiting man to Edward Clark, Esq., dec. Also, a likely creole Negro woman named DAPHNE, short and thickset, about 20 years of age, of a yellow complexion, and is suppos ed to be harboured about Duncans s, in this parish; she generally passes by the name of QUASHEBA. Whoever secures either of the above slaves in any gaol or workhouse in this island, or deliver them to the Subscriber, or the overseer on said Estate, shall r eceive a Half Joe reward for each; but whoever harbours them, may depend on being prosecuted as the law directs. JOSEPH STONEY. 6 April 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Taken up, a few days ago, a new Negro MAN, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, no brandmark, and name unknown. Whoever owns said Negro, may have him by applying to the Subscriber and paying the

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90 charges. THOMAS FISHER 8 April 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber this morning, a stout Negro wench named DORCAS, and took w ith her a girl about 6 years old called NELL, a boy about 4 years old called PETER, and a CHILD of 4 months old. The wench is pitted with the smallpox and had on when she went away a oznaburg jacket and petticoat, the children are also cloathed in oznaburg Whoever will take them up, and lodge them in any of the workhouses, or bring them to the Subscriber, shall receive a Pistole reward. HENRY HOUSEMAN.31 9 April 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber on the 21st of July last, a creole Negro man named TOBY, about 15 years old, but very small of his age, bow legged, very smart, speaks good English, but fast; he was seen some time ago between Rio Bueno and Dry Harbour. It is therefore supposed he is harboured in that neighbourhood. Any person giving information of the same, if by a white person, on conviction, shall receive five Pounds, or a free person of colour, fifty Shillings reward. Or whoever secures said boy in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, giving information thereof, shall be thankfully rewarded, by JOHN COLGAN. 14 May 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, on Sunday last from the Printing Office, a remarkable well made Negro fellow, named HAMILTON, formerly a post boy between Kingston and this place, but now the property 31 See also Cornwall Chronicle, 12 Apr il 1784. Taken up, at Coolshade, a Negro woman named HANNAH and her three children, who says she came from Charlestown, S. Carolina, with a Mr. HOUSEMAN to Kingston, and from thence to Montego Bay in a brig called the Jupiter Capt. Ramage, about 6 months ago. She says Mr. Houseman is not her owner, but that he used her well, and in the American distu rbance she followed him. Her children are so young that one is able slowly to follow her, the second she is frequently obliged to take in her arms, and the youngest not able to walk, being continually on her back. She has begged leave to stay here rather than go back to the workhouse; humanity influenced me to grant her that indulgence, which I think her helpless little family of young children was entitled to. Whoever owns said wench and her children, may have them by proving their property and paying the charges. NB: She says she formerly belonged to a Mr. GEORGE HOGG near Charlestown, that he and his wife are dead, and have left a son whose name in John, and was living when she in Charlestown. THOMAS BURKE

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91 of Mr. JAMES FANNIN.32 He is well known throughout the island, and was seen on the mountain road going towards Martha Brae, on Thursday last. Whoever takes up said Negro, and will secure him in any of the gaols or workhouses in this is land, or brings him to this Office, shall be liberally rewarded. ( JAMES FANNIN) [sic] 14 May 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from Stephill Plantation in the parish of St. James some time in March last, a Negro man of the Eboe country named PORT ROYAL He is about 5 ft. 7 in. high, and marked on the right shoulder N S Whoever secures said Negro in any of the gaols in this island, or delivers him to the Subscriber, shall receive a Pistole reward, and all reasonable charges. NARCISSUS SAMUELLS 19 May 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from on board a sloop lying in Meagre Bay, a stout Negro fellow, named GEORGE, formerly belonging to Mr. JOHN COLGAN, but now the property of the Subscriber. He is marked on the right shoulder I C Whoever takes up said Negro and will secure him in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, or brings him to me, shall receive a reward of five Pounds. CONSTANTINE McLEAN. 19 May 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Paisley Run away, from the Subscriber, the 9th instant, the following Negroes: BILLY, a well made fellow, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, of a very black complexion, and pitted with the smallpox. QUASHIE, about the same size, and of a yellow complexion. DICK, about the same size, middle aged, and of a black complexion. They are all of the Eboe country and marked on the right shoulder P G Whoever takes up said Negroes, and will deliver them to Mr. David Cooper, merchant, Montego Bay, or the Subscriber at the above Estate, shall receive a Pistole reward for each. Runaway at the same time, a Negro fellow named OTHELLO, marked on one of his shoulders I P between. The same reward will be given as above, to the person apprehending him. PATRICK GRAY. 20 May 1784 32 The editor of the Cornwall Chronicle

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92 Cornwall Chronicle Hanover Run away, on Saturday night the 1st inst., a creole wench named MIMBA, of a yellow complexion, and marked on the forehead and right breast A D C on top. She is remarkable for making plausible excuses, and had on when she went away, a brown holland petticoat. She is well known throughout this parish, and was concealed on Phoenix Estate the first time of her elopement; having a number of comrades in many of the estates in this parish, it is very probable she may be harboured by them. She has been seen on Grange Cove and Prospect estates, and keeps a driver belonging to the former. It is earnestly requested if she should be taken up by any person, to send a line to the Subscriber on Lucea Bay, and send her home, which will be acknowledged a singular favour, and all charges paid, with twenty S hillings rewarded. ABRAM DE CORDOVA. 28 May 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber on Sunday night last, an American Negro named BOB, but is sometimes called PETER He is a stout made fellow, about 5 ft. 10 in. high, 45 years of age, by trade a carpenter and sawyer, and is very remarkable being blind of one eye; speaks good English and may endeavour to pass for a free man, as he formerly had a manumission from his Excellency Governor Campbell, but has since been proved the prope rty of WILLIAM MILLER Kingston, from whom the Subscriber purchased him. Whoever will secure him in any gaol or workhouse, or deliver him to Mr. James Johnson, or the Subscriber, shall be liberally rewarded. ALEX. AINSLIE 28 May 1784 Cornwall Chronicle MarthaBrae Point Taken up, a Negro boy about 15 years of age, of a slim make, calls himself PRINCE. Says he is a creole, that he is free, but formerly belonged to a Capt. RIVVEN, of the Light Infantry at Spanish Town, dec., and that his master gave him and a black wench their freedom before his death. Any person or persons proving the above mentioned boy their property, shall have him delivered on paying the charges, by applying to W. and D. INNES 29 May 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Whereas a Neg ro man, named ANTHONY, came and delivered himself up to me, who says he formerly belonged to Mr. JAMES CROWDER in Westmoreland, and that he was sold at Vendue by the marshal, but does not know who bought him, as he has not been claimed by any person

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93 since. This is to inform whoever he belongs to, that they may have him by applying to the Subscriber at the St. James workhouse, on proving their property and paying the expense of advertising. CHARLES WANKFORD. 4 June 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run a way, from the Subscriber about 8 weeks ago, a middle aged Moco Negro wench named DIDO, marked I M or I W 2 above, on the right shoulder. Any person being so obliging to inform the Subscriber by letter or otherwise where she may be found, shall be entitled to twenty Shillings reward. JAMES DAVIS 18 June 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, the 16th instant, five Negroes of the following description, viz., NEPTUNE, of the Bonny [ Igbo ] country, a stout yellow fellow, had on when he went away an ol d oznaburg frock. HERCULES, of the same country (Bonny [ Igbo ]), a remarkable stout, well set dark Negro, about 5 ft. 4 in. high, and had on an old white blanket frock. JACK, of the same country (Bonny [ Igbo ]), a middle sized Negro, has his country marks i n his forehead, and had on an old oznaburg frock. MARS, rather elderly, a weak Negro, of the same country (Bonny [ Igbo ]), and had on an old red flannel frock. CAESAR, a young Negro of the Canga country, about 17 years old, and had on a new white flannel fr ock with red stripes. Hercules and Neptune can speak broken English; the whole are marked on the shoulder T Y They took with them a canoe, about 24 feet long, and are supposed to have gone to leeward. Whoever apprehends them, shall be thankfully rewarded, with two Pistoles for each Negro, and one Pistole for the canoe. THOMAS YATMAN. 18 June 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, the 16th instant, a Negro wench [WOMAN] of the same country as above (Bonny [ Igbo ]), about 4 ft. 5 in. high; she has only four fingers on her left hand, and is supposed to have gone with Hercules. Whoever apprehends her shall be entitled to the above reward of two Pistoles. BEN. DAVIS 18 June 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, on Tuesday night the 15th inst. from my shop, a stout, Negro man named

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94 SOMERSET, he is of the Moco country, has no brandmark, and speaks but little English, having only been in the island about 8 or 9 months. Whoever delivers him to the Subscriber, or gives information where he may be f ound, shall be thankfully rewarded. H. FARQUHARSON. 18 June 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, sometime in March last, a new Negro MAN of the Eboe country, speaks but little English, and is marked S W 2 between. Whoever secures said Negro in any gaol or workhouse, giving information to Mr. David Cooper, or John Hay, Montego Bay, Mr. Donald McKenzie, Retirement Estate, or the Subscriber, shall receive fifty Shillings reward. JOSEPH WHITEHEAD. 18 June 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Taken up, some tim e ago at the Little Caymanas, a Negro fellow who calls himself QUAMINA. He is of the Angola country, is 5 ft. 6 in. high, and about 25 years of age, and he has a Spanish mark on his right shoulder, but it is almost obliterated, and a great many old cuts on his body. Whoever can prove said Negro their property, may have him by applying to Mr. JOSEPH ISMAY pa ying the necessary charges. 29 June 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Taken up, at Phoenix Estate in this parish about ten days ago,33 a Negro wench [WO MAN] of the Eboe country, has no brandmark. The only account she can give of herself is that her master is a single man, and settling a new estate. She would have been sent to the workhouse, but was very sick, and still continues unwell. The owner may have her by paying the charges and applying to JAMES HARDYMAN. 30 July 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, about the middle of March last, a Negro boy named HAZARD, well known on this bay and Martha Brae. He has been seen with his former proprietor JOHN McNEAL at MarthaBrae Point, and is supposed to be in either of the above mentioned places, or in St. Elizabeth. Whoever will secure him in any of the workhouses, or give the Subscriber information where he 33 se e Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.207.

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95 may be found, shall receive a Pistole reward, and all reasonable charges, by applying to RANALD McDONALD. 30 July 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Retreat, St. James Taken up, on this estate a few days ago, a tall Negro wench of the Moco country, named CAMILLA. She will not tell who she belongs to. Whoever can prove the above wench their property, may have her by applying to the overseer of the above Estate, paying the expense of this advertisement. 6 August 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, about three weeks ago a young Negro girl, about 11 years of age, named JUDITH. She is of a yellow complexion, and pitted with the smallpox. It is supposed she is harboured by some of the Negroes belonging to Haughton Tower Estate, having been seen there a few days ago. Whoever takes up said girl, and will bring her to the Printing Office, shall be thankfully rewarded. 6 August 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from Clifton Hill, near this Bay, on Wednesday last, the following Negroes, viz., RUTH, SILVER, NELLY, BESS, SAMPSON, DICK, NANCY, MAR Y, HUMPHREY, and NELLY a young girl. Ruth is a middle aged, likely wench; she is well known about Lacovia and Black River in St. Elizabeth, and is supposed to be gone to the Maroontown in that parish, where she has a Maroon for a husband named Martin, by trade a tailor. Silver is a likely wench, has two sambo children (Nancy and Mary) [sic] which she took with her; she is supposed to be harboured at Cornwall, near Lacovia. Nelly is a likely young wench, has child sucking (Humphrey) [sic] ; she is supposed t o be harboured at or near Thomas Chambers s settlement at Santa Croix, St. Elizabeth. Sampson is a middle aged, stout fellow, and supposed to be harboured at the same place with Nelly. All the others are supposed to be harboured near Lacovia. Whoever takes them up and will bring them to the Subscriber, shall receive a Guinea for each; and whoever can prove by whom they are harboured, shall, on conviction of the offender, receive ten Pounds. ANN CLARK. 13 August 1784 Cornwall Chronicle

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96 Montego Bay Run away from the Subscriber on Thursday night the 5th instant a stout new Negro man, named WILL, of the Chamba country, the marks of which are very plain on his face, is about 6 ft. high, has a sore on his right foot nearly healed, and speaks very little English. Whoever apprehends said Negro, and delivers him to the Subscriber, shall be thankfully rewarded. JAMES BARRAT 20 August 1784 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from Fairfield Estate on Sunday the 1st inst., a young creole Negro boy named BURT, abo ut 16 years of age. Whoever will secure him in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, or will deliver him to Mr. WILLIAM WAUGH the overseer on the above Estate, or Mr. S. B. Bowen at Montego Bay, shall be thankfully rewarded. 27 August 1784 Cornw all Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber on Sunday morning last, a creole Negro girl named RACHEL, about 4 ft. high. She was taken up on John s Hall Estate on Wednesday last, but escaped from the Negro bringing her home, and is supposed to be harboured by some person on the bay. A reasonable reward will be given to any person on their bringing her to ANDREW SMITH. 3 September 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, a Negro boy named PHILIP, about 15 years of age, tall and slender, and by trade a barber, having lived a considerable time with Mr. JAMES GEDDES in this town. Whoever takes up said boy, and will bring him to the Subscriber, shall be thankfully rewarded. MICHAEL HUNT 10 September 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Run away, from the Subscriber from Barnstaple Estate near 12 months ago, a Negro woman slave named BETTY, but has taken upon herself the name of ELIZABETH WOOLLERY, and says she is free. Any person giving information where the said slave may be found, shall be gent eelly rewarded by Mr. Nelson, attorny at law, Martha Brae, or the Subscriber on the above Estate. WILLIAM BARNETT

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97 16 September 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Salt Spring Estate, Hanover Run away, from the Subscriber about three months ago, a Negro boy of the C ongo country, named POMPEY, about 18 years of age, marked A M joined, on top. He is very black, a little knockkneed, speaks good English, and is about 5 ft. 6 in. high; he has been some time learning to be a cooper. Whoever secures him in any gaol or workhouse of this island, and gives information so that he may be recove red, shall be thankfully rewarded. ALEX. MILLER 6 October 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Lucea Came to the Subscriber s house, last Sunday morning, in a very sickly state, a Negro manboy of the Chamba country, who says his name is AMHERST, that he left his ma ster (whose name is Clarke) [sic] before the storm in 1780,34 soon after he was bought, and has not been able to find him since. He has been marked on the right shoulder, but it is effaced, that the letters are not distinguishable. Any person proving their property may have him on paying the expences incurred, by applying to the Subscriber. He would have been sent to gaol but on account of the very sickly state he appeared in. GEORGE BINHAM. 16 October 1784 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from the S ubscriber, about four weeks ago, from Silver Grove Estate in Trelawny,35 a stout, well set, creole Negro man named QUAW, of a black complexion, much pitted with the smallpox, about 26 years of age, and by trade a mason. He will most likely pass himself for a free man, or tell some plausible story to prevent detection. Likewise, run away about four years ago, his brother, a stout, likely young fellow, about 24 years of age, by trade a mason, and was some time past seen in Kingston and Spanish Town, passing for a free man by the name of THOMAS. Whoever will lodge in any of the gaols of this island, or give information where the owner may get them, shall receive a Half Joe reward for each, by applying to the Subscriber at Scarlett Hall Estate. If any person is f ound harbouring them, they may depend on being prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. PHILIP ANGLIN MORRIS 4 November 1784 34 Great Hurricane of 2 October 1780; Hall, In Miserable Slavery p.277. 35 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.205206.

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98 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Run away, from Silver Grove, two Coromantee Negro men, named DOBBIE and ARCHER. Dobbie is a stout young fellow, and very black; Archer is a slender young Negro, inclining to a copper colour. They have been in the country since February last, but neither of them has any brandmark. Any person bringing them home, or lodging them in gaol, giving informat ion thereof to JOSEPH LAKE overseer on said Estate, shall receive forty Shillings reward for each. ( PHILIP ANGLIN MORRIS ) [sic] 5 November 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, the beginning of January last, a wench named JUBAH, and her mulatto daughter na med NANCY; also a fellow named BACCHUS36 absented himself about the first of October last. They belong to the estate of the late WILLIAM LIBERT of Trelawny, dec., and are supposed to be harboured about Mountain Spring in the said parish. As the creditors of said estate are interested, it is hoped they will take an active part in apprehending said slaves; and if any person or persons will lodge them in any of the workhouses in this island, or prove where they are harboured, shall receive a Pistole reward for each, on information being give to J. ANDREWSON, Exor. 10 November 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Jarrettfield, St. James Run away, from this estate the 3 rd inst., a stout made, middle sized Negro WOMAN of the Canga country, of a yellow complexion and looks si ckly. Had on a blue baze petticoat and oznaburg frock, she is marked on the right shoulder K E R. Whoever will apprehend said Negro, and send her to the above Estate, to DAVID KERR Esq., Orange Valley, Trelawny, or secure her in any gaol or workhouse, s ha ll be liberally rewarded. 10 November 1784 Cornwall Chronicle MarthaBrae Run away, from the Subscriber some time ago, a Negro manboy named FRANK, remarkably cut in the face, and is well known from this place to Kingston. Whoever takes him up or will gi ve information where he is harboured, shall be handsomely rewarded. ROBERT GORDON. 36 See also [duplicative] Trelawny Workhouse, 1782. [CC] BACCHUS, to LIBERT, Senr. 1 1/24

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99 12 November 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Run away, from the Subscriber since June last, a Negro woman named AIMEY, formerly the property of JAMES JOHNSON, late tavern keeper at Montego Bay. She is stout and well set, has a sulky look, and was seen lately at Great River. Whoever will apprehend and lodge her in any of the workhouses or gaols of this island, shall be entitled to a Half Joe reward. MICHAEL RIVERS 19 Nove mber 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber last the 14th inst., a Negro boy named JOE, of the Chamba country, marked I W on both shoulders, has his country marks on his face. Whoever will secure him in any gaol or workhouse, giving information thereof, or bring him to the Subscriber, shall be thankfully rewarded. It is supposed he is about St. Ann, as he was seen at Dry Harbour on Tuesday last. JOHN WARD. 6 December 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Burnt Savanna, Westmoreland Run away, from the Subscriber a Negro man, named HECTOR, about 5 ft. 7 or 8 in. high, rather thin, of a yellowish complexion, and marked D M on top, on both shoulders, but one of the marks rather imperfect. He is known by many along the NorthSide, and has a tric k of passing under different names, sometimes JACK, sometimes PRINCE and WINTER Whoever apprehends said Negro, and lodges him in the gaol or workhouse, Montego Bay, shall receive a Pistole reward, and have all reasonable charges paid, on application to M r. James Fannin, or the Subscriber. DAVID MILLER 23 December 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Sunderland Estate, St. James Run away, the 15th of December 1783, a Negro man named JACKO, about 30 years of age, of a tall thin make, and marked S T I by trade a carp enter. He was on a former occasion put in Savanna la Mar gaol by Dr. PUGH. Also, in June last, an old yellow Negro man named MALBRO, supposed to be skulking about Little River, in this parish, or Davis s Cove, in Hanover, where he lately lived. A reward of a Half Joe for Jacko, and a Pistole for Malbro, will be given to those who lodge them in any gaol or workhouse (giving notice thereof) [sic] or on sending them to FRANCIS GRANT Esq., in Trelawny, or the overseer on the above Estate.

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100 29 December 1784 Co rnwall Chronicle George s Valley Taken up, at this place some days ago, a new Negro MAN of the Mundingo country, has no brandmark, nor can give any account of himself, but is remembered by one of the cargo lately sold at Great River, to have been one of his shipmates.37 Whoever owns said Negro may have him by applying as above, and paying all charges. 29 December 1784 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, about the 11th of August last, a Negro man of the Mundingo country, named BRISTOL, by trade a carp enter, and marked on the left shoulder T C 5 on top. He is supposed to be harboured either at Worcester, by a Negro named Samboe a watchman, or at Hartfield by a Negro named Cockroco. Whoever secures said Negro, and delivers him as above, shall be thankfully rewarded; but whoever can prove by whom he is harboured or employed (on conviction of the offender) [sic] if by a white person, shall receive twenty Pounds, and if any free person of colour, ten Pounds. THOMAS CLEMETSON. 1785 1 January 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Taken up, and lodged in Martha Brae gaol, a Negro man slave named QUASHIE, says he belongs to a Mr. MYERS has no visible brandmark, but has lost two fingers off one of his hands. WILL. BALFOUR 18 January 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Retirement E state Run away, from this Estate in the month of October last, a creole Negro fellow named ABRAHAM. He is about 24 years of age, slim made, black complexion, and talks exceeding good English; he has been seen lately in Westmoreland and St. Elizabeth. Whoever will secure said Negro in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, and will give information thereof to Mr. JAMES TAYLOR Montego Bay, or the overseer on the above Estate, shall be li berally rewarded. 37 The are no relevant recorded shipments from Senegambia (1781 1785) in the TAST (1999), but cf. the following from Sierra Leone: TAST ID#81439, the Tartar Capt. Robert Doughty, from Lancaster, via Bananas Islands, arrived Kingston, Jamaica, 25 Nov 1784, with imputed 152 slaves from Sierra Leone region.

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101 21 January 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Montego B ay Run away, from the Subscriber about six weeks ago, a Negro boy named JACK. He is about 14 years of age, and has a sore upon one of his ankles. He formerly belonged to the estate of Mr. JAMES SIBTHORP Whoever brings him to Mr. John Morrison, on this bay shall be thankfully rewarded. ALEX. ALLAN. 22 January 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Spanish Town Run away, from the Subscriber about four months ago, a creole Negro boy named CHARLES, about 20 years of age, yellow complexion, and is fond of playing his negro fiddle. He formerly belonged to Mr. JACKSON, attorney at law in Spanish Town, dec. And as Mr. Jackson, brother to the deceased, who now lives at Montego Bay, has sometime ago told the Subscriber the said boy should say, He would cut his own throat sooner than return to his Master, [sic] and at the same time offered to buy him; but not afterwards performing his then proposed engagement, and to which the Subscriber at the same time acquiesced, the Subscriber strongly suspects him to be harboured in or near Montego Bay. A reward of five Pounds will be given to any person who may lodge him in the gaols or workhouses, or otherwise secure him, so that the Subscriber may get him, and twenty Pistoles on conviction of any person who may harbour him. ISAAC BERNAL Junr.38 28 January 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Bogue Estate Run away, in May last, a creole Negro man named QUACO, about 45 years of age, and remarkable for having lost one of the fingers off his right hand. Whoever takes him up and sends him to the Estate, o r lodges him in any of the gaols or workhouses, shall receive five Pounds reward and all charges. 38 See also Cornwall Chronicle 28 Oct ober 1785, Montego Bay : Run away, from Mr. ISAAC BERNAL in Spanish Town about 14 months ago, a creole Negro boy named CHARLES, of a yellow complexion and is ver y fond of playing the fiddle. He formerly belonged to Mr. JOHN JACKSON, attorney at law, in Spanish Town. It is supposed he is harboured in or near this bay. The Subscriber having full power of attorney from Mr. Bernal to dispose of the above Negro, any pe rson inclinable to purchase may treat with me on reasonable terms, at Mr. Moses Jacob s. Ten Pound reward will be given to any person securing him in any gaol or workhouse, on application to Mr. Moses Jacobs. S. ABRAHAMS

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102 4 February 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, about six weeks ago, a Negro wench of the Coromantee country, named SALLY. She is stout and well ma de, and marked on one of the shoulders A M She is supposed to be harboured by a carpenter Negro belonging to Worcester Estate, in this parish. Whoever will take up the said wench, and bring her to the Printing Office, shall be thankfully r ewarded. 7 Feb ruary 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Lucea Run away, from the Subscriber about two months ago, a Negro woman named JANETTA, of the Papaw country, marked on both shoulders G B is about thirty years of age, speaks very good English, and is supposed to be in Acompa ng [Accompong] or Trelawny Negro Towns.39 Whoever will apprehend said Negro woman and lodge her in the custody of Mr. James Barron, or bring her to me at Lucea, shall be handsomely rewarded. THOMAS LEIGH. 9 February 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland 39 Independent Maroon towns in the Cockpit country. Ru n away, from the Retirement Penn, the following Negroes: QUASHIE, by trade a carpenter and wheelwright, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, a neat well made fellow, and speaks very good English. A reward of ten Pounds will be given on his being delivered to Jacob Johnson, Esq., attorney at law in Kingston, or the Subscriber. HARRY, a new Negro of the Eboe country, a Bruchee, with filed teeth, about 5 ft. 7 or 8 in. high, well made, speaks but little English, and is marked on the right shoulder T R I the letters TR in one. JACK, a new Negro man of the Canga country, about 5 ft. 10 in. high, and has a small speck in the right eye. WASHINGTON, a new Negro of the Canga country, about 5 ft. 8 in. high, and rather elderly. LIBERTY, a slim yellow fellow, of the Canga country, and nearly the same stature as the two foregoing. A Half Joe reward will be given for each, on their being delivered as above, or to John Jones Johnson, Springfield Estate, Westmoreland. THOMAS RICKETTS JOHNSON. 12 February 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Westm oreland Twenty Dollars Reward. Run away, from Negril Spots Estate since the 12th of July 1784, the following Negroes: PORT ROYAL, a stout well made creole fellow, very black, but has no known marks, speaks remarkably fast, and is much addicted to liquor; he has been seen

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103 frequently since his elopement, at Causins Cove, Williamsfield, and Haughton Tower estates in Hanover, and at Molly Campbel s on the Barrack road. He went to John Mowat, Esq., at Dumfries in St. James, from whom he got a letter directed to the Subscriber, in order to return home, of which letter he probably makes use as a pass; it is supposed he is harboured at Belmont in St. James, or some of the above mentioned estate. ABRAHAM, an old Eboe Negro fellow, pretends to be an ObeahMan and Doct or, and is supposed to be skulking in this neighourhood. HARRY, a stout creole Negro fellow, late the property of Mrs. RANKIN of Middlesex Estate in Hanover; has a sore leg and is frequently seen at Orange Cove fishing, and at Lucea Bay selling fish. Whoever will give information of the above mentioned slaves, so that they may be secured in any of the workhouses or gaols of this island, or deliver them to the Subscriber, shall receive the above reward of twenty Dollars, or five Dollars for each; a further r eward of twenty Pounds will be given to any person who will give information by whom the above Negroes or any of them may be harboured, if a white person, or ten Pounds if a person of colour, so that the offender or offenders may be brought to justice. SIM ON PHILLIPS 14 February 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Hatfield, Westmoreland Run away, from this place on or about the 1st of this month, a young mulatto man commonly called TOM PUSS, but by his companions TOM WOOLLERY. He is about 5 ft. 6 in. high, rather st out, and is a little marked with the smallpox; he has no brandmark. Whoever will lodge the said fellow in any of the gaols of this island, and give information thereof to the Subscriber, or bring him to the above Penn, shall receive a Half Joe reward. BON ELLA BOWEN 18 February 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, a considerable time ago, a Negro woman named HOPE, of the Canga country. She is short, stout made, has lost one of her fore teeth, walks with her toes in, and marked twice on each shoulder, R S Also a young Negro man named ADAM, of the Eboe country, a tall well made fellow, has a remarkable round head, and walks with his knees very wide from each other; has no brandmark that is recollected. There is a very great reason to supposed that both of these Negroes are harboured in Westmoreland, at or near Savanna la Mar. Whoever secures either or both of them shall receive a Pistole reward for each, and on conviction of the person harbouring them after this date, a reward of five Pounds ten S hillings, by giving notice to the Printer, or the Subscriber, DOROTHY SPENCER 15 March 1785 Cornwall Chronicle

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104 Duncan s Run away, from the Subscriber, a new Negro man of the Naugo [ Nago (Yoruba) ] country, named PITT, about 5 ft. 6 or 8 in. high, has no mark, small legs, and rather in kneed. Whoever lodges him in any of the workhouses, giving information thereof to JOHN SIMPSON, shal l receive a Pistole reward. 22 March 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Run away, about a month ago a short stout Negro man, named GEORGE, about 35 years old, speaks good English, by trade a wheelwright, and is well known in St. Ann and Montego Bay. Whoever apprehends said Negro and will lodge him in any gaol or workhouse in this island, giving information thereof, shall recei ve a Half Joe reward, and all reasonable charges. JAMES BLAKE 22 March 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, on the 20th of August last a Negro man, of the Coromantee country, named SAM, by trade a carpenter. He is slim made abut 5 ft. 8 or 9 in. high, 20 y ears of age, speaks good English, but a little through the nose; had on when he went away a sore upon one of his ankles, and marked on the right shoulder I T if not wore out. Also, BILLY, of the same trade [carpenter], about the same age, but not so tall or thin; both well looking fellows with mild countenances. TITUS, a carpenter, runaway since Christmas, is about 26 years of age, middle size, and has no mark. Whoever brings the above Negroes to ROBERT BROWN carpenter, Savanna la Mar, or JAMES THOMSON, at Cross Path, shall receive a Half Joe reward for e ach. 26 March 1785 Cornwall Chronicle MarthaBrae, Trelawny Run away, from the Subscribers in the month of February last, a Negro man named HOMER, of the Mayhoor Eboe country. He is about 5 ft. 8 in. hi gh, of a yellow complexion, is a thickset stout fellow, by trade a carpenter, and formerly belonged to the estate of CHARLES CAMPBELL, carpenter, dec., he is well acquainted about PlantainGarden River in St. Thomas in the East, where he wrought several y ears with his late master, as also in Kingston, and about Halfway Tree. As he is an artful, cunning fellow, and speaks good English, it is supposed he will endeavour to pass for a free man. Whoever apprehends and lodges him in any of the gaols, or workhous es in this island, and gives information to the Subscribers, shall receive five Pounds reward, and all reasonable charges. Masters of vessels and others, are requested not to take off, harbour, or conceal the said Negro, as they may depend upon being prose cuted with the utmost rigour of the law. COL. & ALEX. CAMPBELL

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105 8 April 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, about two months ago a Negro woman, named BETTY, of the Congo country; she has lost almost all her toes from both feet, is supposed to be in company with NICHOLAS (a fisherman) [sic] formerly the property of Mrs. Bryan. Whoever lodges the above Negro woman in any workhouse or delivers her to the Subscriber, shall receive thirty Shillings reward. GEORGE JOSSELYN. 16 April 1785 Cornwall C hronicle Fontibelle, Westmoreland Run away, from this estate, a new Negro man named ANTHONY, about 6 ft. high; he is marked I I, E M [M upside down], I S on one or both shoulders. Whoever takes him up, and sends him to gaol, or to the Subscriber, shall re ceive a Half Joe reward, from JOHN LEWIS 26 April 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber in December last a Negro man, named WATERCOURSE, about 5 ft. 8 or 9 in. high, yellowish complexion, marked on the breast I W and has los t his ears. He is an artful fellow, and has endeavoured to pass for a free man, by the name of JEMMY or QUACO. He was seen a few weeks past in the neighbourhood of the Good Hope (Trelawny) [sic] with a counterfeit ticket. Whoever secures him in any of the workhouses, shall receive a Pistole reward from the Subscriber on this Bay, or at Windsor Castle. JOHN WHITTAKER Senr. 10 May 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Bra e, Hanover Run away, about eight months ago from this place, a Coromantee Negro fellow named CYRUS, by trade a carpenter. He formerly belonged to Mr. ROBERT KERR afterwards to Mr. THOMAS HILL and at present to the Subscriber. He was lately seen near Round Hill. A reward of five Pounds will be given to any person who will secure him in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, or on delivering him to me as above. ALEXANDER McKENZIE 20 May 1785

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106 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, some time in April last, a Negro man boy named JOE, of the Eboe country, speaks but indifferent English, has not [ owner] that is recollected but formerly waited on Mr. GEORGE BUCHANAN. He is well known in this parish, and supposed to the skulking about Williamsfield or Hamstead estates. Whoever takes him up, and will give information to the Subscriber, shall be thankf ully rewarded. JOSEPH PURDY. 27 May 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Williamsfield, St. James Run away, from this Estate the 7th of March last, a Negro fellow named PRINCE. He is of a yellow complexion, a good deal pitted with the smallpox, and marked on the back T H with a cattle mark. Whoeve takes up said Negro and delivers him to the overseer on the above Estate, shall receive a Half Joe reward. 16 June 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber about a fortnight ago, a Negro MAN of the Coromantee country, of a very black complexion. His foreteeth entirely out in the upper jaw, has remarkable small hands and feet, and the middle toes on both feet are much smaller than the rest. He is about 4 ft. 10 in. high, and marked on the right shoulder D & H Whoever will give information where said Negro may be found, or bring him to the Subscriber on this bay, shall receive a suitable reward, and all reasonable charges. WILLIAM DAWNEY. 5 July 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Taken up, at Harmony Hall in this parish a Negro fellow [MAN] about 22 years of age, marked on the left shoulder N K, and says he did belong to NATHANIEL KELSEY, in one of the Windward Islands, who sold him to a Frenchman, and that the Frenchman died in his passage to this island. Whoever proves their property to the above slave, may have him on paying the charges. 19 July 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Stretc h and See, St. James This day found skulking about this plantation and stopped, a Negro man who calls himself

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107 JASPER, says he belongs to a Mr. NATHAN of New York, that he came to this island with a Capt. DUTHIE and was at Savanna la Mar in the Great Hurricane [1780]; that he goes about teaching people to cut cattle, but that he is a tailor. He produced as a pass, a letter dat ed Savanna la Mar, 28 th Sept. 1784, from Sh. Oliphant to Mr. Lewis, Lucea. Is about 5 ft. 5 in. high, has an obscure mark like F Y on the right shoulder, and a white scar on the left leg near the middle of the shin. Is not in a condition to be sent to the workhouse ha ving been severely flogged. 28 July 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Eden SAMBO, a short well set Negro man, pitted with the smallpox, some of his front teeth lost, and a complexion blacker than usual, was bred to the business of a cook. He absconded from his master the Hon. CHARLES PINCKNEY, of Charleston, S. Carolina, some time last year, and is supposed to be in this island. If any person will give information to Thomas Millward, Esq., in Spanish Town, or Charles Bernard, Junr., St. James, whereby t his Negro may be secured, a suitable reward shall be given. If Sambo will of himself apply to be returned to his master, he shall be provided with a passage, and an assurance of pardon. 30 July 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Windsor, Duncan s, Trelawny Taken up, on the road to Rio Bueno about the 10th inst., a Negro woman of the Coromantee country, named BENEBA, with her daughter PHEBE, a dumb child about 7 years old, and her son CUDJOE, about 2 years old. The wench saying she belongs to a Mrs. SILVA in Orange S treet, Kingston, the Subscriber wrote the next day by a gentleman going there, but receiving no answer, believes she does not belong to her. They would have been sent to the gaol or workhouse but the children being very meagre and the boy not having the sm allpox, which rages there. Whoever they belong to, may have them by applying as above. PATRICK McGIBBON. 4 August 1785 Cornwall Chronicle MarthaBrae Run away, from the Subscriber the 14th of June last, two Negro fellows. They carried a canoe with them. One is marked with the smallpox, a cooper by trade, and named STRAP. The other of a sambo colour, pretends to be free, his dialect is Spanish, and calls himself JOHN READ. It is supposed they are lurking about Montego Bay or Lucea. Fifty Shillings reward w ill be given for each, if put in any of the workhouses of this island, giving notice thereof to me at this place. JOSEPH HICKS 13 August 1785 Cornwall Chronicle

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108 Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber, a mulatto boy named JAMES, about 5 ft. high, marked on the shoulder A G Any person securing him in any gaol or workhouse or will bring him to me at the Convent or give information where he may be found, shall receive thirty Shillings reward. ANN GRIZELL 16 August 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Lucea Run away, a Negro boy about 5 ft. 4 in. high, named WATERFORD, belonging to the Subscriber. He is well known at Montego Bay, Martha Brae, and Savanna la Mar; formerly belonged to Capt. CROZIER, and Mr. CHALRES OSWIN. He is supposed to be marked on one shoulder. Any person taking up said boy and lodging him in any gaol or workhouse, shall be handsomely rewarded, on giving notice to the Subscriber. C. B. WHITEHEAD. 30 August 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Ironshore Run away, from this estate about a month ago, a stout new Negro fellow named CHAPMAN, of a yellow complexion, and marked on the left shoulder I I; has been in the country since Christmas last, but cannot speak any English. Whoever will bring him to the above Estate, shall receive a Pistole reward, and all reason able charges. 9 September 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Taken up, at Stirling Castle Polink, the property of Mr. ALEXANDER McKILLOP a new Negro man boy of the Congo country, speaks but little English, is about 5 ft. 4 in. high. Has no brandmark, and says his name is SAM; he went into the woods with four more Negroes, and was, by his account, carried away by them to carry their provisions, but thinking himself imposed on made his escape. Whoever proves him their property, may have him by applying to the Subscr iber near Claremont Estate, the property of William Clark, Esq., Hanover. JOHN HILL 28 September 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, about two months ago, a creole Negro wench named SILVIA. She is remarkably artful in her speech, is marked on one of her shoulders A M and is well known on this bay, and the parish in general. She has been lately seen at and near Little River. Whoever takes up said wench, and will bring her to the Printing Office, or give information where she may be found, shall be

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109 suitably rewarded. 7 October 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber on or about the 5th ult., a Negro fellow named BOB, of the Chamba country, has his country marks in his face, and marked R R on one of his shoulders. He ha s some specks of the yaws being not thoroughly cured; he lived some years with Mr. JOHN ROBERTSON at Green Island, and is supposed to be skulking thereabout. Whoever brings him to the Subscriber, or lodges him in any of the gaols or workhouses in this isla nd, shall be rewarded, by ROBERT ROBERTSON 13 October 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Little River Run away, from the Subscriber on the 1st instant, a Negro man of the Eboe country, named FORTUNE, speaks good English, is very much troubled with sores in his fee t, and drinks hard. He is supposed to be harboured about Montego Bay. Whoever will secure him in the workhouse or give information where he may be found, shall receive a Pistole reward. THOMAS QUICK. 20 October 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Absented himself, from Wales Estate in this parish, a new Negro man of the Fantee country, named CAPTAIN, marked on the shoulder T H A R P, and speaks but little English, having been only nine months in this country. Whoever will take up said Negro and secure him in any of the gaols of this island, shall receive a Pistole reward and all charges. G. CHARLES 27 October 1785 Cornwall Chronicle MarthaBrae Point Run away, a quadroon boy, about 13 or 14 years of age, named TOM, squints a little, and in all probability will attempt to pass as free. A Pistole reward will be given for securing him, on giving notice as above. JOHN BARBER 28 October 1785 Cornwall Chronicle

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110 Trelawny Run away, in the year 1781, a lusty Negro man slave named JOB, about 5 ft. 8 in. high, has thick lips and speaks remarkable good English; he pretends to have a manumission and passes by the name of JOSEPH SMYTH. Information has been received that he is harboured at Blackheath in Westmoreland, where his father lives, whose name is Job. If he wil l return within a month from the date of this advertisement, his past conduct shall be forgiven. Any person harbouring the above slave after this notice, will be prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. J. B. BARNETT 28 October 1785 Cornwall Chronicl e Drayton, St. James Run away, from the Subscriber on Saturday last, a young creole Negro man named VALENTINE. He is well known through the county of Cornwall and up the NorthSide to Spanish Town and Kingston. Is a very sensible fellow, and will without c eremony make a bad use of any letter which the Subscriber s friends may inadvertently give him as an inducement for his returning home. It is therefore earnestly requested that not letter or ticket be allowed him as a pass in future, except a ticket from t he Subscriber. A Pistole reward, besides the usual charges, shall be given to any one who will lodge him in the workhouse, and ten Pistoles to the informer on conviction of any person who may harbour or conceal him. Also, about 4 months ago, a new Negro ma n of the Congo country, marked on the left shoulder E R L one of Captain WISE s cargo, is middle aged, short in stature, bill thin d, and named HERCULES (his country name is TARGIE ) [sic] he is supposed to be harboured among his shipmates. A Pistole rewa rd on lodging him in the workhouse, and ten Pistoles, on conviction of his being harboured, shall be paid by LEMON LAW. LAWRENCE 1 November 1785 Cornwall Chronicle St. James A Negro man named ROBIN was apprehended at Worcester Estate in this parish, and committed to gaol. He had been runaway many years, and is charged with practising Obeah. He says he formerly belonged to HUGH FULLERTON (late of this parish) [sic] dec., but being very infirm, was suffered to go about to procure himself subsistence, and his master dying, he knew not to whom he belonged, therefore remained at Worcester. All persons having any property or interest in the said Negro, are desired to take notice, that he will be tried for his offences above mentioned on Wednesday the 30th inst ant. T. D. BERNARD. 12 November 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Run away, from Sportsman s Hall Estate about three months ago, three new Negroes [M A N]

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111 [MAN] [MAN] of the Coromantee country, cannot speak English, but are marked on the right shoulder H B on top. Any person bringing them to the Subscriber at said Estate, shall receive fifty Shillings reward for each, and all reasonable charges. HUGH BARNETT 7 November 1785 Cornwall Chronicle St. Ann. Run away, since February last, a stout yellow good looking Negro woman, named BELINDA, about 30 years of age, marked on the right shoulder I W between. She was bought out of a Gold Coast cargo, but is not of the Coromantee, Fantee, or Ashantee country, nor does the Subscriber know her country.40 Also, run away, the 22nd of last month, a new Negro man of the Fantee country, named APOLLO. He has no brandmark, nor does he speak English, being only in the island since July last [1785] ; he is slim, clean made, about 5 ft. 9 in. high, rather of a more yellowis h complexion than Negroes of his country commonly are, and about the age of twenty. Any person securing both of the above described Negroes, in any of the gaols or parish workhouses in this island, and giving timely notice thereof to the Subscriber, will r eceive five Pounds ten Shillings for both, or two Pounds fifteen Shillings for either of them, by applying to John Baird, Esq., attorney at law, Kingston, Mr. Nicholas Smith, merchant, Montego Bay, or the Subscriber in St. Ann. JOHN WILLCOX. 24 November 1785 Cornwall Chronicle St. James 40 These three were the usual countries mentioned in advertisements of sales of newly arrived slaves from the Gold Coast; however, the two most common ethnicities of probable Gold Coast origin among runaw ays in Jamaica were Coromantee and Chamba. Cf. advertisements of sales such as Thomas Hibbert & Nephew (Kingston), Cornwall Chronicle 29 January 1780; James Taylor & Co. (Montego Bay), Cornwall Chronicle ,16 July 1784. Between 1781 and 1785 there were 53 recorded slaving voyages from Gold Coast to Jamaica, with an estimated 22,801 slaves disembarked; TAST (1999), query: 5year period=17811785 and Where slaves disembarked=Jamaica and (Imputed region in which the greatest number of slaves embarked Gold Coa st. Taken up, at the Subscriber s place, a Negro man who calls himself JACK, about 20 years of age, has no mark, and will give no account of his owner, but intimates that he came from somewhere about Duncans He was sent to t he workhouse, but refused admittance on account of a sore on his leg. The owner may have him on paying the charges, by applying to JOHN McBEAN. 29 December 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Bandon, St. James Two Pistoles Reward. Run away, on Saturday the 25th inst ., an American Negro man named JACK, about 5 ft. 9 in. high, speaks good English, is of a black complexion. His left leg is

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112 smaller than the other, occasioned by a cut which makes him walk rather lame. Being a sensible fellow, he may perhaps change his nam e, and endeavour to pass for a free man. This is therefore to forewarn all masters of ships and others, from harbouring or carrying off said Negro. Any person delivering him to Ralph Mountague, Esq., Montego Bay, or the Subscriber, shall receive the above reward. THOMAS FLETCHALL 29 December 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Hampde n, St. James Run away, from this estate in March last, a Negro fellow of the Coromantee country, named APIA. He is a little, squat fellow, about 5 ft. 3 in. high, very black, and marked on the right shoulder A S on top. He had run away in June 1783, was taken up and put in gaol at Savanna la Mar, from whence he broke out. He was soon after secured in Lucea gaol, and brought home. Whoever will secure said Negro in any gaol or workhouse in this island, and give information to Francis Grant, Esq., Trelawny, or GEORGE MACLACHLAN, on the above Estate, shall receive a Half Joe reward, and all reasonable charges. 30 December 1785 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from Jarrettfield Estat e about 14 days ago, a Negro man named CHAMONT, formerly the property of Mrs. CUMING. He was lately marked on the right shoulder with D K E R the D and K in one. He is very talkative, and wants all his fore teeth. Whoever will bring him to the Orange Vall ey in Trelawny, to the above Estate, or the Printing Office, shall be suitably rewarded. 30 December 1785 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, on Friday the 23rd inst., a Negro boy named JACK, of the Mundingo country, is of a tall, slender make, speaks good English, and has a brown spot on his cheek and shoulder. Two of his fingers are contracted in such a manner that he cannot stretch them, occasioned by a cut he got some time ago in the palm of his hand. He also has marks of old sores on his ankles. Whoever secures him in any gaol or workhouse in this island, giving information thereof to the Subscribers, shall receive a Pistole reward. CUNES & CALDWELL 1786 16 January 1786

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113 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Run away, from Negril Spots Estate in thi s parish. PORT ROYAL, a very black, stout, thick set creole fellow, about 30 years old, talks remarkably fast, and is much addicted to intoxication. He has been run away since the 18 th of July 1784 and frequently seen at Cousin s Cove Estate, Hanover, wher e he is supposed to be harboured, by his mother or some other person or persons on that property. Also BEN, a short, well set black creole fellow, about 25 years old, is disabled in his left hand so as not to be able to open the fingers thereof; has been bred a carpenter, and is used to riding races and breaking horses. He has been runaway since May last, and is supposed to be harboured about Black River. Also JOHNNY, a mulatto fellow, about 21 years old, marked on one or both shoulders E S is tall and sle nder, has been bred a carpenter, and is extremely artful; he has been frequently seen at Cousin s Cove and Haughton Towers estates in Hanover. Also CHRISTIAN, a mulatto wench, about 15 years old, was assisted out of her confinement by some person or person about the beginning of March last, marked on both shoulders and cheeks, E S ; she has been seen at Mr. Crowder s Mountain in the parish of Westmoreland, and is supposed to be concealed by her mother, a Negro wench formerly the property of E. Samuells, dec. Also SCOTLAND, a stout creole fellow about 30 years old, by trade a tailor, and marked on both shoulders E S ; generally wears a very brushy beard, has sore legs, and is very lame with the crab yaws. Thirty Pounds will be given to any one who discovers whe re and by whom the above mulatto wench is harboured so as to bring him or them to justice, if a white person, fifteen Pounds if a person of colour, and ten Pounds if a Negro. Ben and Johnny belonging to Negril Spots Estate, five Pounds reward for each, wil be paid by the overseer on said estate or JOHN MOWAT St. James; on their being apprehended and secured; and five Pounds will be given for each of the others, by SIMON PHILLIPS 19 January 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Greenwich Park, St. Ann Run away, about two months since from the above penn, a young creole Negro fellow named CUFFEE, rather tall, and marked, it is believed, B R on the right shoulder; he is well known in the neighbourhood of Rio Bueno. Whoever lodges him in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island shall receive a Pistole reward from Mr. Nelson, MarthaBrae, or the Subscriber. JOHN WATKIS 27 January 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber about two months ago, a new Negro man named DAVIE. He is about 30 years of age, 5 ft. 6 in. high, has lost a joint off the middle toe of one of his feet, speaks but little English, and had very lately recovered from the smallpox at the time of his elopement.

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114 A reward of five Pounds will be given to any person who will apprehe nd said Negro and deliver him to the Subscriber. SAMUEL WAITE 22 February 1786 Cornwall Chronicle MarthaBrae Run away, from the Subscriber in the month of August last, a Chamba boy named BACCHUS. He is about 13 years of age, speaks good English, and supposed to be harboured by a Mr. J. W. This is therefore to desire him to send said Negro home, otherwise the law will be put in force against him. And whoever apprehends the above boy and bring him to me, or Mr. Ranald McDonald, Montego Bay, shall receive a Half Joe reward, and all reasonable charges. THOMAS GIBSON. 17 March 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Kingston Absconded, from his master s service about two months ago, a sailor Negro man named GLASGOW, marked on both breasts I E on top. He is an active young fellow, of the Eboe country, speaks good English, and formerly belonged to the estate of Captain COLLINS It is supposed he is working on board some vessel. This is therefore to caution all persons from harbouring the above Negro, as they may depend upon being prosecuted according to law. And two Pistoles reward, besides all charges, will be given to whoever lodges him in any gaol or workhouse in this island, on giving information to the Subscriber; but any person that will inform by whom he is detained shall, on conviction, receive five Pounds. JOSEPH EMANUEL 24 March 1786 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from the Subscriber on Saturday the 17th of December last, a creole Negro man named QUASHIE, but commonly goes by the name of DEVONSHIRE and to people that are not acquainted with him, says he is free. He is by trade a tailor, and plays the violin, is marked on both shoulders A F C Well known through most parts of this island, but particularly in this parish, having worked at his trade on dif ferent estates. As I have great reason to believe he is employed on some estate in this parish, if he should be found so employed or harboured by any person after this public notice, they may depend on being prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. Also on Wednesday the 4th of January, a creole Negro woman named CLEME, short and well made, and marked on the right shoulder J C Well known in this parish, and supposed to be harboured by her husband on an estate near Montego Bay. Also, on the 5th of Septem ber, a Negro man of the Eboe country, named SHELBURNE, middle aged, well made, and marked on the right shoulder with J C ; he has lost one or two of his fore teeth, and when speaking fast

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115 stutters. Whoever takes up any of the above Negroes, and will deliver them to the Subscriber, shall receive a Half Joe reward for each. JOHN COLGAN. 26 March 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Good Hope, Trelawny Run away, from this Estate on the 5th inst., the following nine Negro men, viz. CUFFEE, a stout fellow, with his nose cropt, and pitted with the smallpox. ADAM, an elderly man. KENT, a stout fellow. BENBOW, a very able fellow. NEW YEAR, a man boy. AFFOE, a manboy, of a very black complexion. FRANK, a stout man, formerly a cook. BESHAN, an old man, without a nose. ALEXIS a very able fellow. The above Negroes formerly belonged to Bossue Estate in Carpenter s Mountains, and were purchased i n 1785 with that gang; they have been seen at Bossue, and two of them were taken up there on the 9th inst. but were either released by the other seven, or broke out of irons in the night. It is supposed they will not leave Carpenter s Mountains and will be lurking about the Estate, having declared their intention of residing there. Cuffee is a desperate villain, and the leader of the gang; he had his nose cropt for being formerly a runaway. The above Negroes are very plausible in their answers when questioned as to their errand to Bossue. They are all in a gang, and will probably become troublesome to that neighbourhood, if not early checked. Ten Pounds reward will be given to any one who will secure Cuffee so he may be delivered to the Subscriber s order; five Pounds will be given for Adam, and two Pounds fifteen Shillings for each of the others, in like manner. JOHN THARP 31 March 1786 Cor nwall Chronicle Bushy Park, St. James Run away, from the Subscriber about Christmas last, a Negro wench named PATHENY. She is about 14 years of age, and has been seen lurking about Long Bay. Whoever takes up said wench, and will lodge her in the St. James workhouse, or send her to Glasgow or Moor Park estates in this parish, shall be suitably rewarded. THOMAS NELSON. 14 April 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from the Subscriber, a Negro man named EDWARD STANFORD, alias BILLY He formerly waited upon the Rev. Mr. RAMSAY and soon afterwards belonged to the Rev. WILLIAM STANFORD. He is about 5 ft. 7 in. high, slim made, and rather of a consumptive appearance. Two Pistoles reward will be given to any person who will lodge him in any of the workhouses, or bring him to the Subscriber, near Bluefields, Westmoreland. The above Negro is well known as a fisherman, and is supposed to be harboured at Savanna la Mar. W. H. RICKETTS

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116 20 April 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Whereas a Negro woman slave named MILLY, together with her two children CHLOE and CELIA, the property of the Subscriber (and lately in the possession of MARY WISDOM SPEARING, of Mountain Spring, in the parish of Trelawny, widow) [sic] were some time in July last taken by the Maroons out of the negro houses at Colchis Estate, in the parish of Trelawny, and lodged in Martha Brae gaol or workhouse, where they soon after made their escape, and are now supposed to be harboured by some Negroes on Berkshire Estate in said parish; this is therefore to gi ve notice, that a Half Joe reward will be given for each, with all reasonable expenses, to any person who will secure said Negroes in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, or deliver them to me on this bay. If said Negroes should be found harboure d by any person after this public notice, they will be prosecuted as the law directs. WILLIAM MILLS 22 April 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, from the Subscriber, at Slippery Gut, near Moor Park Estate, about three weeks ago, three new Negro MEN of the Canga country, stout made, middle aged, and can speak no English. Two of them are marked on the right shoulder I T reversed, the other I R on top. Whoever takes up said new Negroes and will lodge them in the workhouse, Montego Bay, or deliver them to the Subscriber, shall be handsomely rewarded. JOHN TAIT 22 April 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Seafield Penn, Trelawny Run away, from the Subscri ber about the 1st of March last, a Negro man about 18 or 20 years of age, named ARMAH, marked on the right shoulder W E and a mark on the left resembling an H but not very plain. He is a very sensible fellow, stout made, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, and much pitted with the smallpox. I have had information of a Negro of this description being seen at Laughlands Tavern, St. Ann, riding with a mulatto man well dressed. Twenty Pounds shall be paid to any person who can prove his being harboured, either by a free mulatto or white person, and ten Pounds if by a Negro; forty Shillings will be given to any person securing him so as he may be delivered to the Subscriber. WILLIAM ELLIS 18 May 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Absconded, from this place, an American Negro man named BOB, the property of Mr. JAMES JOHNSON (but late of ALEXANDER AINSLIE carpenter, dec.) [sic] by trade a carpenter,

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117 rather blind of the right eye, about 5 ft. 9 in. high, and supposed to be about 35 years of age. Has several times passed himself as a free Negro, and probably now does the same. Whoever secures the said Negro, and gives notice, either to Mr. Walter Adam or Edward Pitt, of Montego Bay, shall receive five Pounds reward, or, upon proof of any master of a vessel taking him off t he island (which is supposed to be the case) shall receive ten Pounds reward, upon conviction. 24 May 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Duncan s Run away, from Stewart Castle Estate in Trelawny the 8th inst., a Negro man, by trade a carpenter, named POLYDORE, of t he Moco country, stout made, of a yellow complexion, and branded on the right shoulder A C on top, and on the left with I F He formerly belonged to Mr. JOHN FOWLER merchant, Martha Brae, and by him was sold to one DONALD at Georgia, and by Donald to J OHN McGIBBON at Falmouth. He is a most artful villain, and makes use of a letter he received from the overseer at Stewart Castle the time of his elopment, directed to Mr. McGibbon at Windsor by Polydore [sic]. He was in 1782 and 1783 about twenty months in Kingston, and went by the name of JOHN BROWN. A fellow named GEORGE ran away in company with him but is since returned, on account of Polydore having offered him for sale at the Mulatto Town in St. Elizabeth. George further says that he left Polydore at Mr. Dickenson s penn in St. Elizabeth, and that a few days before they worked with a Mr. Bell within half a mile of Black River. It is apprehended that he will endeavour to get off the island. A Half Joe reward will be paid on lodging him in any of the workhouses in this island, giving information thereof to PATRICK McGIBBON. 30 May 1786 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from my place the Endeavour on the 21st of August 1784, a creole Negro man named QUACO; his right knee crooked. He was seen at Montego Bay about nine months since, and there is reason to believe he secretes himself at Lima Estate in this parish, as he has a wife and family there. Also about five weeks ago, a creole waiting boy named DUMFRIES, well known in this parish and Spanish Town. It is supposed he is skulking about Success Estate,41 where his father lives. A reward of four HalfJoes will be given, on conviction of a white person harbouring either of the above Negroes, two if a person of colour, and one if a Negro. Any person lodging them in any of the gaols or workhouses shall receive a Half Joe reward for each. PETER SCARLETT. 41 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.268269.

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118 13 June 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Pembroke, Trelawny Run away, from this Estate, two creole Negro men named CUDJOE and TONEY. Cudjoe is of a black complex ion, well made, 5 ft. 10 in. high, 20 years of age, has an impediment in his speech, and has been absent since the 19th of September 1785. Toney is of a yellow complexion, well made, about the same height, 25 years old, speaks rather quick, and ran away on the first of January last. A reward of five Pounds will be given for each, by bringing them to Pembroke, or on information of their being harboured. J. BLAGROVE 20 June 1786 Cornwall Chronicle St. Ann Ran away, from the Subscriber some weeks ago, two new Negro men of the Mundingo country, marked on their right shoulders I R One of them is of a yellow complexion, rather elderly, appears to have weak eyes, is about 5 ft. 7 in. high and named GLASGOW. The other is a stout, well made fellow, about 5 ft. 5 in. high, named ABERDEEN; when he went away he had some appearance of the yaws. They have been frequently seen in the neighbourhood of Success Estate in St. James. A Pistole reward for each will be given to any person that lodges them in any gaol or workhouse. JAMES ROSE 22 June 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Run away, on the 4th of August 1784, a Negro washerwoman [WOMAN] of the Congo country, remarkably short, marked R on top, on one of her shoulders, and a large mark of a fire burn on the point of the same or the other shoulder. Whoever secures her in any workhouse, and will give information to Mr. JOHN FOWLER merchant, Martha Brae, shall receive a Pistole reward and all reasonable charges. 24 June 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Run away, a Negro man named WILKES, of the Chamba country, of which he has the marks in his face. He is a black, well set Negro, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, can shave and dress hair. A Pistole reward w ill be given for confining him in any workhouse, and informing the Subscriber. T. D. BERNARD. 25 June 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Hanover Run away, from Friendship Grove in this parish, a mulatto woman known by the name of

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119 JENNY. She is about 5 ft. 7 in. hig h, has a long neck, a small scar occasioned by a cut in her right cheek, and inclinable to be lusty. Whoever will lodge her in any workhouse in this island, giving information thereof to the Subscriber, shall receive a Half Joe reward. THOMAS BUCKNOR 30 June 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Ran away, from the Subscriber in April last, a Negro fellow of the Eboe country, named BELCOUR. He is about 20 years old, 5 ft. high, walks with his knees remarkably wide, troubled with the crab yaws in his feet, and marked on the right shoulder I W He has been seen lurking about Blue Hole and Magotty estates in Hanover. Whoever takes up said Negro and lodges him in the St. James workhouse, or sends him to Windsor Castle Penn, shall receive a Pistole reward. JOHN W HITTAKER Senr. 11 July 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Run away, from the Subscriber the 18th of last month, a creole Negro man named CHANCE. He is indistinctly marked D K on the right shoulder, a remarkable handsome Negro, very black, and about 5 ft. 7 in. high; it is supposed he will endeavour to pass as a free man, having been in England with me. He sometimes calls himself PRINCE or JACKSON. Whoever secures said fellow in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, shall be entitled to a rewa rd of two Half Joes, by applying to Mr. James Aikin, Kingston, or the Subscriber in Westmoreland; and whoever habours or conceals him may depend on being prosecuted according to law. DAVID KINLOCH. 14 July 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, fr om the Subscriber on Monday morning last, a stout American Negro woman, about 30 years of age, named DORCAS. She had on an oznaburg shift and petticoat; said Negro ran away about two years ago and was found at the penn of Mr. Thomas Burke, near Chester Est ate in Trelawny, her name then changed to HANNAH. Whoever secures said Negro in any workhouse, giving information thereof to the Subscribers, shall be thankfully rewarded. HENRY HOUSEMAN. 1 August 1786 Cornwall Chronicle

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120 Falmouth Run away, from the Subsc riber about six months ago, a stout Negro wench named NELLY, of the Eboe country, and marked on both shoulders M A M in one. Any person that will secure her in any workhouse, or deliver her to me, shall receive five Pounds reward. PETER SMITH 3 August 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Lucea Run away, from the Subscriber, on Sunday last, two new Negroes of the Nago [Yoruba] country, named LONDON and BRISTOL. London is a tall, yellow fellow; Bristol is very black, middle stature, and has, it is supposed, three cuts on each cheek, being his country marks. They can speak very little English. Whoever takes up said Negroes and will deliver them to the Printer or the Subscriber at Lucea, shall be suitably rewarded. JOHN MOXHAM 8 August 1786 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from Virgin Valley Estate in this parish, about 3 weeks ago a new Negro man of the Canga country, named SMART, marked on the right shoulder I L He is stout made, has a very black complexion, about 25 years of age, and had on when he went away a n oznaburg frock and a green baize one over it. Whoever takes up said Negro, and lodges him in any of the gaols or workhouses or will deliver him to Mr. JOHN LITTLE at the above Estate, sh all be thankfully rewarded. 8 August 1786 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from Virgin Valley Estate in this parish, a new Negro of the Canga country, named QUASHIE, about 25 years of age, has no brandmark, but a mark of a burn on the back of his right hand. Whoever takes up said Negro, and lodges him in any of t he gaols or workhouses, or will deliver him to Mr. JOHN LITTLE at the above Estate, sh all be thankfully rewarded. 10 August 1786 Cornwall Chronicle MarthaBrae Point Run away, a few days ago, a Negro man, the property of the subscriber, who calls himsel f GEORGE STERLING. He is a likely Negro, speaks English, French and Spanish, shaves and dresses hair well, plays on the violin, with a variety of other accomplishments, but is very much given to excessive drinking, and very well known all over the NorthSi de of the island. Any

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121 person securing him in either of the workhouses, shall receive a Pistole reward, from WILLIAMS G. HANCORNE 11 August 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber about 2 months ago, a Negro wench named SARAH, of the Coromantee country, about 17 years of age, has lost one of her [ illeg ible ] speaks good English, and is marked on the right shoulder C G G. She was seen lately on Retreat Estate, and had then a sore on one of her legs, which she said was the yaws, and that her master gave her liberty to walk about the country. Whoever will secure the said wench and lodge her in any of the gaols or workhouses or bring her to the Subscriber, shall be thankfully rewarded. THOMAS PRICE 16 August 1786 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, a Negro man named DAMON, of the Canga country, by trade a carpenter, is a well looking fellow, about 30 years of age, and marked on the left shoulder G L on top; he is well known in this parish and Hanover. Whoever will send him to the Subscriber, or lodge him in any gaol or workhouse in this island, shall be thankfully rewarded. GEORGE LAWSON. 18 August 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber about three weeks ago, a Negro fellow of the Eboe country named BRISK. He is of a yellow complexion, about 5 ft. 4 in. high, and had on when he went away an oznaburg frock and breeches, the neck of the frock lined with narrowed stripes; he has marks but are not recollected. Whoever takes up said Negro and lodges him in any gaol or workhouse, or will deliver him to me, shall be thankfully rewarded, and all reasonable charges paid. JOSEPH ISMAY. 25 August 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, from the Subscriber, about six weeks ago, a creole Negro wench named SYLVIA. She is rather slim, but well made, a little pitted with the smallpox, and is very plausible in speech. Whoever takes up said wench, and will bring her to me, shall be s uitably rewarded. MARGARET BLAKE

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122 25 August 1786 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Run away, from Windsor Castle Penn, in this parish, a Negro boy of the Eboe country, named PRINCE, about 15 years old and marked I R on top, on the right shoulder. Whoever takes up said Negro, and lodges him in any gaol or workhouse in this island, or brings him to the above mentioned Penn, shall be suitably rewarded. 29 August 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away, about a f ortnight ago, from the Subscriber, an American Negro man named PETER. He is a stout, well made fellow, speaks good English, about 5 ft. 10 in. high, supposed to be about 40 years of age, and is by trade a shoemaker, which he has followed at this place for these two years. He carried with him a Certificate of Freedom, which by fraudulent means he obtained from his Honor the Lieutenant Governor, and enticed his wife, a Negro woman named DOLL, also the property of the Subscriber, to elope along with him; she i s likewise American born [ creole], a short, stout wench, 5 ft. high, about 32 years old, broad faced, with thick lips, much pitted with the smallpox, and speaks distinctly. She may probably change her name. It is imagined that they have taken their route t o Spanish Town and Kingston, and as he is an artful fellow, may attempt to obtain his wife s freedom in the same manner he has procured his own. Whoever will secure the said Negroes in any gaol or workhouse in this island shall receive a reward of five Pou nds for each, with all reasonable charges; and whoever will prove to conviction, where and by whom they are employed, concealed, or harboured, (if by a white person) [sic] shall be entitled to twenty Pounds, and if a person of colour, ten Pounds, on giving information to Mr. Peter McDonald a tavernkeeper, Kingston, or at this place, to JOHN HENRY. 1 September 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Green River Estate, Hanover Taken up, the end of July last, a stout, young new Negro MAN, of the Coromantee country, without any visible mark. He was immediately sent to Lucea gaol, but refused admittance, without any reason being assigned. The owner may have him on paying the charge of advertising, by applying to the Subscriber on said Estate. WILLIAM NAPIER. 11 September 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Orange Valley, Trelawny

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123 Run away, about six weeks ago, a mulatto fellow named HENRY, by trade a carpenter, 5 ft. 11 in. high, slender made, and about 25 years of age. Whoever apprehends the above fellow and secures him, shall receive a Half Joe reward and all charges; and all masters of vessels or others are hereby cautioned from carrying him off the island. H. N. JARRETT. 11 September 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Trel awny Run away, from the Subscriber on Sunday the 3rd inst., a creole s ambo boy, named ENEAS, alias GEORGE stammers very much in his speech, and had on when he went away, a pair of oznaburg trowsers, check shirt, and dowlas frock, with a round hat. He is marked on one or both shoulders I W between. Whoever will apprehend the said boy and lodge him in any gaol or workhouse, or send him to the Subscriber at the Rock, shall receive a reward of two Pounds fifteen Shillings. Ten Guineas will be given on conviction of any white person harbouring him, and five Guineas for a person of colour. JAMES WEST. 21 September 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Kingston Ran away, from his service on Monday the 28th of last month, a Negro man named SPARROW. He is a stout, well made fellow, of a copper colour; he has had care of horses, and has lived in New York, North and South Carolina, and was once in the service of Col. FANNING, the present Lieutenant Governor of Halifax.42 He had on when left his service, a brown thickset frock, with yellow metal buttons, a white or boss waistcoat, oznaburg trowsers, with a white round hat. Whoever secures him in any gaol or workhouse upon this island, or brings him to the Guardhouse in Kingston, shall receive an Half Joe reward, on giving notice to Mr. F. K. Clarke, Kingston, or to the Printers of the St. Jago de la Vega Gazette and Cornwall Chronicle. It is apprehended he may be lurking about Spanish Town (as he has been seen on the Greenwich road) [sic] or got on board one of the London ships at the NorthSide, he having some acqu aintance among them. (F. K. CLARKE ) [sic]. 29 September 1786 Cornwall Chronicle Paradise Estate, Westmoreland 42 Fanning, a notorious North Carolina tory, commanded the loyalist Kings American (New York Provincial) Regiment in the American Revolution, and afterwards served as the appointed Governor of Prince Edward Island, Province of Canada, from 1786 to 1804; W.O. Raymond, Loyalists in Arms, 17751783: A Short History of the British American Regiments, with the Roll of Officers (Bruceton Mills, West Virginia: Scotpress, 1999 [1904]), p.11.

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124 Run away, from this estate on the 14th instant, a Negro man named VELLUM, of the Nago [Yoruba] country. He is a raw boned, tall fellow, 5 ft. 10 or 11 in. high, has some grey hairs, is about 40 years of age, and his shin bones are remarkably sharp. He is well known all over Hanover, having been Driver to a gang of Negroes that worked out in that parish many years; having formerly lived at Orange V alley, St. Ann, and Hampden, in St. James, he is also known in those parishes. He is a very sensible, acute fellow, and may possibly endeavour to pass for free. Whoever will secure said Negro in any of the workhouses or gaols in this island, shall receive two Pistoles reward, on application to Sir JAMES RICHARDSON, Bart., or at the above Estate, or Belmont, Hanover. [CC] 1789 8 November 1789 Royal Gazette St. Dorothy Ran away, from the Subscriber the following Negro slaves: SCIPIO, a tall elderly creole Negro man, marked A G ; has been absent since December 1787; he has been frequently seen in Vere. WHAN, an able creole Negro, is supposed to be marked W A between; he is absent since July 1788, is harboured at Mrs. Crow s mountain in Vere, and at Clarendon Park, where he was some time ago taken up by the Maroons, but, being supposed to have money, he bargained with them, and got away. Five Pounds reward will be given for each of them, upon being delivered to the subscriber. CHLOE, an elderly Mandingo Neg ro woman, with big legs; is marked the same as Whan, and ran away some time before him, and is harboured in Carpenter s mountains. ARIADNE, a creole elderly Negro woman, ran away about three years; has been frequently seen at Kilbee s and Bushy Park in thi s parish, and goes from thence to Mrs. Jackson s mountain in St. Catharine, and to Spanish Town. A Half Joe reward will be given for either of them, being delivered as above. ALEX GRANT. 1790 16 February 1790 Royal Gazette St. David Ran away, from Mount Maley, in the parish of St. David, a Negro fellow named DIAMOND, aged about 35, about 5 ft. 5 in. high, marked on one of his shoulders with the letters D T triangle on top, or D G, T on top, supposed to be about Westmoreland, as he formerly belonged to M r. LEFTUS a carpenter at Savanna la Mar, dec. Any person who will take him up, and lodge him in any gaol or workhouse in this island, shall receive a Pistole reward, by applying to Richard Shea, Esq., Kingston, or to JOHN MALEY.

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125 27 April 1790 Royal Gaze tte Kingston Ran away, from the subscriber about twelve months ago a Negro woman, named BEATRICE, but generally goes by the name of SALLY BENSON, and passes for a free woman; she is of the Eboe country, has her teeth filed, is of a yellow complexion, and a bout 40 years of age. She a few years ago lived with a Capt. DENISON, in West Street, near the brick kilns. She is supposed to be harboured about the east end of the town; a reward of five Pounds will be given to any person who will secure her, and deliver her to the subscriber, or lodge her in gaol or workhouse; and a further reward of twenty Pounds to any person proving to conviction by whom she is harboured. G. E. JONES. 1 June 1790 Royal Gazette Willia mfield in Portland Twenty Dollars Reward. Absconde d from the above plantation, the property of the Rev. Mr. HENRY WILLIAMS a stout able Negro man of the Angola country, named YORK, 5 ft. 7 in. high, about 38 years of age, marked W W; well known at Nonsuch and Unity estates in St. Mary, where he has been used to work, and in which neighborhood it is presumed he is now harboured, having been lately seen in that vicinity. Also absconded from same Estate, some time ago, an elderly Negro man of the Papaw country, named ROCK, alias VENTURE marked as above, sto ut made and corpulent, passes amongst the Negroes for a great obeahman, and is supposed to be harboured in the neighbourhood of Kildare Estate in St. George, having some time ago been taken up there, by a Negro belonging to the Hon. Henry Shirley, Esq., a nd made his escape, from Spring Garden stocks. A reward of ten Dollars each will be given for securing said Negroes, on applying to Mess. John & William Bridgman, merchants, in Kingston; or in Portland, to the subscriber. HENRY RUSSELL. [1 October] 1790 Royal Gazette Mount Alta, St. Thomas in the Vale Ran away, from this place on the 23rd of last month, two new Negro men: JACK, a tall fellow, of a black complexion, with a long beard, speaks good English, and may pass for a creole Negro. WARWICK, a stout f ellow, of a yellow complexion; some of his teeth are wanting in front; is about 5 ft. 8 in. high. Both are branded R with 4 on top, and xx at bottom, upon their right shoulder. Any person who will secure these Negroes, lodge them in any workhouse on this i sland, deliver them or either of them to the James Renny, Esq., at Morant Bay, or to the subscriber at Mount Alta, shall receive three Pistoles reward for each Negro. JAMES GRANT. 4 October 1790

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126 Royal Gazette Upon the 29th September 1790, a sambo fellow who says his name is FRANKLIN; and pretends to be free, was sent to St. Mary Workhouse. He is a brickmaker and tailor; was detected with stolen goods, and can produce no manumission. He has left at Orange Hill Estate, in St. Mary, a small bay Horse, not ye t four years old, marked on the off buttock T (not very distinctly) [sic] with a white star in his face; is very meagre and has a very sore back. 3 November 1790 Royal Gazette St. Ann Absconded, from the Subscriber the following Negroes: MIMBA, an elde rly woman, of the Chamba country, absent since December 1788, speaks good English, and is supposed to be marked I S She was taken up in June last at Drax Hall Estate, and sent to the workhouse, from whence she made her escape and is supposed to be harbour ed in the neighborhood of White River. MOLLY, a young creole woman, without a brandmark; she absconded in September 1789, and is supposed to be harboured about White River. GEORGE, an elderly Congo man, grey headed, if marked, it is thought to be with the letters T N He formerly belonged to THOMAS NORRIS near Rio Bueno; he has lost the thumb of his left hand, speaks very indifferent English, and is well known about St. Ann s Bay and Dry Harbour. YABBA, an elderly creole woman, formerly belonged to ALEXANDER GORDON a surveyor, and is marked A G Has several marks on her back, from being burnt many years since, and has lost her thumb nail, is well known about Dry Harbour, where it is thought she is harboured. A reward of a Pistole will be given for apprehending each of the above Negroes, and five Pounds will be paid on its being proved to conviction by whom either has been harboured. THOMAS RILEY. 12 December 1790 Royal Gazette Content E state, St. Ann To The Maroons Ran away, from the above estate on the 2 7th of March last an old Negro woman, of the Moco country, called MOCO JENNY, formerly the property of the late WILLIAM ORGILL but now belonging to JONATHAN PACCHARNIE Esq. She at the same time enticed away with her, a new Negro woman of the same country [ Moco ], named SALLY, about 5 ft. 5 in. high, and who was hired on said Estate by the Subscriber. It is supposed that she and said new Negro woman are lurking or harboured by some person or persons at Dirty Pit Penn near Spanish Town, where her former mast er resided some years ago. Whoever will secure them in gaol or workhouse, [illeg ible ] shall receive five Pounds by applying to W. Jones, overseer to JAMES FERGUSON, Esq., Pearces Valley. 20 December 1790

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127 Royal Gazette Hampstead, Liguanea Whereas a carp enter Negro, named BIG JOHN, (formerly the property of MACGILAVRIE dec., purchased by the Subscriber from Messrs. JACQUES and FISHER ) [sic] has for some considerable time past been runaway, and was met last week on the Rock Fort Road, with a wallet, which in the scuffle to get hold of him, was taken away, and which contained sundry wearing apparel, and two fine damask table cloths and a towel, marked EM, F above. The Subscriber apprehending he must have been harboured in Kingston, or its vicinity, by some Negro woman belonging to a family, where linen is marked as above, will esteem it a particular favour if they will make inquiry, and use every endeavour to get him taken up. He is about 40 years old, middle size, well made Negro, of a yellowish complexion, with one of his upper front teeth wanting, and has for some time been harboured by the Negroes at Airy Castle Estate, Mr. McGillavrie s, near Bath, and at Rocky Point, in St. Thomas in the East. Any person who will apprehend and secure him in any of the workhouses, or giving information, shall be paid five Pounds by EDWARD WOOLERY. The following very curious Certificate was taken likewise from the above fellow, by which it is apprehended he has been passing as a free Negro, under the name of MOSES NUNEZ Saint Ja Go De La Ve Ga. this his to satisfie that the Bearer here of named Mossis Nunniss, A Free Man, to Pass and Repass unmolested to In Any Part of this Island, to any other Part From Jamicca, off his Majestey Domindions, for the Beneffitt of his health, for one 12 month & to Return to this said Island of Jamaica. Charles Readeford, Acting Accetrs to Moses Nunness [sic]. 1791 [1 January] 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Absconded, a few days ago, [off ] of a plantation in this [parish] where he was hire d as postilion, a Negro man slave named FURRY, a creole, belonging to Fort Stewart Estate in St. George. He is short and well made, with remarkably bushy hair; is well known in the town, as well as the parishes of St. George and St. John, having for many y ears attended his master, JOHN MEAD, Esq. He absented himself from the estate to which he belongs upwards of eighteen months, and was forgiven in consequence of his voluntarily surrendering himself about two months since. Whoever will secure him, and give information thereof to the subscriber, shall receive a reward of two Pistoles. BELL & LATOUCHE. 13 January 1791 Royal Gazette Bybrook, St. Thomas in the Vale Ran away, on Friday the 24th of December last from a mountain near Wakefield Estate in the paris h of St. John, two stout new Negro men, and a woman, named DICK, HARRY, and JEANY, and marked on the right shoulder I H Also a slimmade new Negro man, named

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128 PETER, and a stout manboy named BOB, both marked on the right shoulder I L Peter wants some of his fingers, and Harry has some of his country marks on his face, they speak little or no English, having been just bought in October last. Any person apprehending all or either of the said Negroes, and lodging them in any gaol or workhouse, shall receive a Pistole for each, by applying to Mr. Thomas Brunton a merchant in Kingston, Messrs. Gordon and Stewart, SpanishTown, or the Subscriber as above. JAMES LOUDON. 14 January 1791 Royal Gazette Hanover Street, Kingston Ran away, from the Subscriber in the month of October last, a creole Negro woman, named EVE, aged about 21 years, yellow complexion, full breasted, lost two of her front teeth, marked with I H on her right shoulder; is supposed to be harbored to windward. A reward of a Pistole will be paid to any person on delivering said Negro to her mistress, or lodging her in any gaol or workhouse in the island. Ten Pounds will be given for its being proved to conviction by whom she is harboured. JOYCE HEMMINGS. 16 February 1791 Royal Gazette Spanish Town Ran away, from Hope River, Liguanea (where he was at work) [sic] a Negro man named TOM, of the Eboe country, from 30 to 40 years of age, marked on one of his shoulders L I R or L R He is a short stout made fellow, about 5 ft. 3 or 4 in., short and quick in walking; he formerly belonged to Mr. LUKE JOHN ROBIES a surveyor, etc. He is well acquainted in most parts of the island, particularly in the parish of St. Mary, and Spring Garden Estate in St. George, the property of the Hon. Henry Shirley, Esq. He al so is acquainted in the neighbourhood of Montego Bay, where he formerly lived. A reward of a Half Joe will be given to any person who will apprehend the said Negro, and lodge him in any workhouse of this island, giving information thereof; and ten Pounds, on conviction, if harboured by a white person, on applying to the Subscriber in Spanish Town. JOHN WILLIAMS. 16 February 1791 Royal Gazette Bell Mount, St. Thomas in the East Ran away, from the Subscriber on the 23d ult. four new Negro men, and one Negro man boy; they are all of the Canga country, and answer to the following name, and description; viz., AMBROSE, short and well made, black complexion, and has a remarkable large navel. EDGAR, tall and slim, yellow complexion, has large holes in his ears, in which he hangs a parcel of beads, and ornamented with a good many of his country marks. ANTHONY, yellow complexion, red lips, and a little bow legged. DANIEL, a well made little fellow, with filed teeth. FELIX, the

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129 Negro man boy, black complexion, and sli m made. They are all marked on the right shoulder with L G on top, and each of them had on when they absconded an oznaburg frock, a new hat, and a blue baize frock open before, with leather buttons, and oznaburg gussets and shoulder straps. Any person or persons who will lodge said Negroes in any of the gaols of this island, or give information where they may be harboured, shall be handsomely rewarded by LACHLAN GRANT. 18 February 1791 Royal Gazette Spanish Town Ran away, on the 20th December 1790 from the Subscriber, the following slaves, to wit; CHARLES, a creole sambo, has a remarkable mole of his upper lip, at times rather stammers in his speech; he is about 5 ft. 3 in. high; he is well known at Rodney Hall Tavern, being hired there to his father Ge orge Richardson for one year only, and that time has been long expired; he is also well known in Kingston, St. Ann, and St. Mary, having been many years employed in driving kitterines, in the service of Mrs. Elizabeth Taws, of this town. ESTHER, a creole N egro woman, 37 years of age, very good seamstress and washer woman, has lost some of her upper teeth; she is about 5 ft. 4 in. high, has been frequently seen at the house of Mr. Robert Pitcairn, Senr., in this town, who has paid the Subscriber hire for the said Negro named Esther; she is well known in this town, Kingston, and Port Royal, where she has practiced hiring herself out without the Subscriber s consent. MARY, alias MARY SADLER a creole sambo woman, has been marked with I S S on top, but is now defaced, on both shoulders, yet the place remains much darker than the general colour of her skin; she is 34 years of age, has a bushy head of hair; she dresses as a free woman, with long ear rings, wears shoes and stockings, and a highcrowned hat; she was hired to one Jackson a free man of colour, who died in this town a few days ago, and from him passed over to one Hodges, a free quadroon man, with whom the said Mary Sadler lived as his wife. Also WILL, alias WILL SADLER alias WILL WADDELL, son to the above Mary Sadler; he is 11 years of age, has a curly head of hair of a light brown colour, is a little marked with the smallpox about his nose; he possesses a deal of drollery, very shrewd and sensible, and can tell the hour of the day from the clock. Whoever will apprehend all or any of the above slaves and lodge them in any gaol or workhouse of this island, shall receive a Pistole reward for each of the said slaves; and if any person will prove to conviction, that either of these slaves are harboured, from the date hereof, by any white person, shall receive ten Pounds reward, and if by any person of colour, shall receive five Pounds reward; all Captains and Masters of vessels are hereby cautioned against taking off any of the said slaves, as they may depend upon being prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. JOHN SPENCER. 21 February 1791 Royal Gazette Manchioneal Ran away, this day from Hopewell Plantation three Negro men and one woman: JOHN, by trade

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130 a carpenter, is a stout, well made, goodlooking ma n, about 32 years of age, and about 5 ft. 6 in. high; is very sensible, and civil in his manners, and generally clean in his dress, commonly wearing white jacket and breeches; he had also when he went away, a new blue knapped greatcoat, and hat. LIZY, his wife, is a thin little woman, about 5 ft. 3 in. high, and about 30 years of age, is generally dressed in a white woolen or oznaburg jacket, and had when she went away, a piece of new blue knapped blanketing not made up. SAMPSON, is a stout man, about 35 ye ars of age, and about 5 ft. 5 in. high; is a cunning, artful fellow, but generally shabbily dressed; he wore when he went away, a new blue knapped greatcoat. JOE, is a man about 36 years of age, and about 5 ft. 6 in. high; he is a sensible fellow, and pret ends to be very religious43; he is much pitted with the smallpox, is sickly, and was a good deal swelled about the feet and ankles when he went away, at which time he wore a blue knapped great coat. Being all American Negroes, they speak good English, and w ill probably attempt to pass for free people; but they are all branded on the left shoulder with the letters I M. They went off in a canoe, in company with some other Negroes of as adjoining plantations, with an intention probably of going over to Cuba; but as the weather was very bad, it is presumed they would go to leeward along shore, and make a landing in some distant parish. Any person apprehending the said John and wife Lizy, and lodging them in any gaol or workhouse within the island, shall receive a reward of five Pounds for each of them, and a Pistole for each of the other two, by applying to Mr. John Taylor, Merchant, in Kingston, or the Subscriber. JOHN MURRAY. 25 February 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Ran away, from the Subscriber a Negro man, name d TOM, a native of Barbados, speaks very good English, and may attempt to pass for a free man. Whoever will apprehend him and lodge him in any of the gaols or workhouses, shall receive a reward of five Pounds. He is supposed to be gone to Old Harbour, wher e he has a relation. All masters of vessels are cautioned from taking him off the island, and whoever harbours him shall be dealt with according to law. He is by trade a hair dresser. W. E. HARRIS. 43 presumably me aning Christian. 2 March 1791 Royal Gazette Nottingham Penn, Portland Fif teen Dollars reward. Ran away, from the Subscriber the 26th of Jan. last, a creole Negro man, named BUTE, about 20 years of age, remarkably well made and handsome featured, in stature about 5 ft. 6 or 7 in. high, very plausible, and much acquainted throughout the island, being bred a chaiseboy by the late JOHN STOUT dec.; was after that hired as postilion and waiting man to sundry gentlemen in Kingston. In the year 1790 he was put to learn the carpenter s business, and may pass himself as such. All persons are requested to be cautious in harbouring or employing said Negro, as the law will be put in force against them; and a further reward at twenty Pounds will be given upon proof of any white person harbouring him; or thirty Shillings, if a person of

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131 colour, on conviction. H. H. KENNELLY. 8 March 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Ran away, from the Subscriber on Friday the 25th ult., a Negro woman named CASANDA, of a yellow complexion, supposed to be harboured in or about Stoney Hill Barrack. Whoever will deliv er her to the Subscriber, or lodge her in the workhouse or gaol in this parish, shall receive a reward of Half a Joe; and if proved to conviction, to be harboured by any white person, the sum of twenty Pounds, and if by a person of colour, the sun of ten P ounds. MOSES FRANCO. 10 March 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Escaped, 27th ultimo, with a collar and a chain to his neck, a Negro man named HAMILTON, marked on the right shoulder T Y 4 on top. He has been lately seen at Yallah s Bay, in St. David. Any pers on that will deliver him to the subscriber, in High HolbornStreet, shall be handsomely rewarded. THOMAS YOUNG. 13 March 1791 Royal Gazette Hopewell, St. Andrew Ran away, this morning, two new Negroes of the Papaw country; the one is a short stout Negro fellow, of a very black skin, and large lumps on his neck, he answers to the name of JACK; the other is a yellow skinned wench, his wife, who answers to the name of MONIMIA; as they can speak but little English, they can give no account of their owner. Whoever secures them in any gaol or workhouse, or delivers them to Messrs. James Welsh & Co., Merchants, in Kingston; or the Subscriber, at his mountain, in St. Andrew, shall receive three Dollars reward for each; or whoever will prove to conviction by whom t hey are harboured, ten Pounds, by applying as above. WILLIAM WRIGHT. 21 March 1791 Royal Gazette Coldstream, S t. David Ran away, from this estate on Sunday the 15th instant, three stout new Negro men of the Wakee country; they speak tolerable good Englis h,and answer to the names of SIMON, QUAMIN, and BOATSWAIN. Simon and Quamin are marked on both shoulders with the letter D and Boatswain is marked with the same letter on the right shoulder. A Pistole reward for each will be given for lodging them in any gaol or workhouse; and as there is a suspicion if their being

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132 harboured, twenty Pounds will be paid on conviction of the offender, by applying to the overseer of the sa id Estate. 22 March 1791 Royal Gazette Duckenfield Hall Estate, St. Thomas in the East44 Eloped from the Subscriber, about six months ago, a Mungola Negro man named JACK, about 5 ft. 7 or 8 in. high, marked R B on the right shoulder; is supposed to be sulking or harboured about the Ramble Estate in St. Mary, Walten Penn in St. Ann, or Guanaboe in St. John. He has frequently been seen in Spanish Town, and passes himself as the property of his former master (Mr. RICH. GARRETT ) [sic] who formerly resided on the above mentioned places. A Pistole s reward will be given to any person who will lodge him in any gaol or workhouse; or if harboured by any person or persons, a reward of ten Pounds will be given, on conviction, by ROB BOLTON. 4 April 1791 Royal Gazette Vere Ran away, from the Subscriber the following Negro slaves: ROGER, an elderly, yell ow complexion and creole man; has been absent about six years. POOR MAN, a short, black, creole, about 30 years of age, has lost the fore finger of his left hand; has been absent about the same time. QUASHIE, a stout black creole, about 30 years old, marke d on the shoulder H G, 2 on top; has been absent about ten months. LEWIE, a tall, black, elderly creole man. GIBBA, an elderly, yellow complexioned creole woman, her nose cropped. BENEBA, a stout creole woman, about 40 years of age, walks lame from the rem ains of crab yaws. BATHSHEBA, a stout, yellow complexioned creole woman, about 25 years of age, marked on one or both shoulders H G, 2 on top. Roger, Quashie, Lewie, and Gibba, are supposed to be harboured on Raymond s or Hillside estates; Beneba on the Bo g Estate; Bathsheba, on Ginham s Estate (all in the parish of Vere) [sic] ; and Poor Man, in Clarendon mountains. Ten Pounds reward each, for Roger and Quashie; five Pounds each, for Poor Man, Gibba, Beneba, and Bathsheba; and two Pounds fifteen Shillings f or Lewie; will be paid to any person who will lodge them, or either of them, in any workhouse in this island, or deliver them to the Subscriber; and double these rewards will be paid to any person proving to conviction where they, or either of them, are ha rboured. N .B. As some of the above Negroes are very artful, and well known through the island, it is very probably that they may have, by some means, procured tickets from some person or other; the Subscriber therefore requests, that should any of them be found with such, that there will be no attention paid to them, but that they may be immediately secured. H. GOULBURN. 44 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.256260.

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133 5 April 1791 Royal Gazette Ham pton, near Runaway Bay, St. Ann Half a Joe Reward. Absconded, in November 1789 from the Subscriber, a Mundingo Negro man, the property of JOHN ANGWITH, Esq., named SCIPIO, marked I A on the right shoulder; is 5 ft. 9 in. high, has remarkable thick lips, and speaks but indifferent English. Whoever will lodge the said Negro in any of the gaols of this island sha ll receive Half a Joe by application to Messrs. Calnan and Mitchell, St. Ann, or the Subscriber above. ROBERT BURFORD. 5 April 1791 Royal Gazette Spanish Town JACK POT, an elderly creole Negro, about 5 ft. 5 in. high, has been seen in Kingston and Liguan ea, and sometimes on the Kingston road, going to Covency s. CARTHAGENE, a short fellow, about 45 years of age, recently seen at Salt Pond Bay, Passage Fort, near the Caymanas. QUAW, an old short fellow, about 40 years of age, a fisherman, and supposed to be harboured near Bailey s mountain near the Caymanas. JOE, a stout, young creole, very black, about 20 years of age. SANGA, a short, creole, young wench supposed to be harboured in or near Spanish Town. FRIENDSHIP, a short, stout, creole wench, rather elderly, a washerwoman, well known in Kingston, lived a long time with Mr. Gray. CUDJOE, a stout fellow, has been run away near seven years, supposed to be at the Slipe, near Mr. Curtin s penn. MOLLY, an elderly wench, has been runaway eight years. JEMMY, a Mu ngola Negro, about 5 ft. 4 in. high, supposed to be harboured near Rio Magio, at a mountain called Harrison s. TOBY, a remarkable stout young fellow, about 15 years of age, was seen going to Byndlof Estate in the Walks. QUAMIN, a stout carpenter Negro, wel l known in Spanish Town. DICK, a stout, young Negro, about 5 ft. 10 in. high, very black, supposed to be somewhere near Byndlofs Estate in the Walks. QUAW, a young Negro, 16 years of age, about 5 ft. 2 in. high, speaks very low, supposed to be harboured in the Walks, or in Spanish Town. SAMPSON, a new Negro man, no mark, is seen with wood at night sometimes in the Jew market, which he brings from Hoghole Penn. SAPPHO, a new Negro woman, marked on the shoulder F M Any person apprehending either of the above slaves, and lodging them in Spanish Town gaol, or delivering them to the Subscriber, shall receive a reward of three Pistoles for each; and a further reward of twenty Pounds to any person proving to conviction by whom any of them are harboured. F. MARCH. 7 April 1791 Royal Gazette Wreck Bay Ran away, a Negro man named JOE, a creole native of New York, about 5 ft. 10 in. high, yellow complexion, shuts one eye when speaking to any person, about 24 years of age; he is very plausible and will endeavor to pas s as free. He took with him, besides a frock [torn] a yellow and black striped cotton waistcoat, ruffled shirt, and black hat; was seen passing through Vere last

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134 week, on his way to leeward. A reward of Half a Joe will be paid on his being secured, by acqu ainting me therewith. GEORGE RICHES. 9 April 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Ran away, from the Subscriber the 23rd day of February last, a new Negro MAN marked on the left shoulder I I, K on top, with a in the middle; he is about 5 ft. high, and had on when he ran away, an oznaburg frock with the name of Jupiter printed on left breast. Any person giving information where he is, lodging him in any of the workhouses, or bringing him to the Subscriber, will be handsomely rewarded. The said Negro is supposed to be either a Coromantee or a Chamba Orang e Street. JACOB KELLERMANN. 15 April 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Absconded, some time ago from the Estate he was employed on in St. Thomas in the East, a Negro man named OTWAY, but passes as a free man by the name of JACK SILL by trade an upholster, and is very hard in hearing. He is supposed to be sculking on or about Montpelier Estate, the property of Kean Osborn, Esq., where he has a wife. Whoever will secure him in any gaol or workhouse, or bring him to the proprietor in Kingston, shall receive a Pistole reward; and whoever will give information where harboured, shall, upon conviction of the offender, receive a reward of ten Pounds from MARY HARRIS All captains of ships and droggers are hereby cautioned from taking him off the island. 29 April 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Ran away, about three months ago a Negro man, named SIMON, by trade a carpenter; had on an oznaburg frock and blue sailor s jacket. He is marked on his left shoulder, breast and cheek with I C crow s foot between, which he probably has endeavoured to obliterate. Whoever secures the said Negro in any gaol or workhouse, or delivers him to the overseer at Rosehill or the Subscriber in Ki ngston, shall receive Half a Joe reward; if any person will prove to conviction that he is harboured by a white person, shall receive twenty Pounds; or by a person of colour, ten Pounds. JAMES CLARK. 29 April 1791 Royal Gazette Ran away from Taylor s Ca ymanas estate, in St. Catherine in December last, a new Negro man,

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135 of the Mundingo country, answers to the name of PHILIP, about 5 ft. 8 in. high, supposed to be 23 or 24 years old, marked on the right shoulder W M within a has his teeth filed, and a g ood many country marks on his face. Whoever secures, or brings him to the Subscriber in Liguanea, or the overseer on the estate, shall be amply rewarded. It is supposed he went toward Liguanea mountains, or Above Rocks. CHARLES MITCHELL. 6 May 1791 Royal Gazette Port Royal Ran away, from the Subscriber, a Negro man named HOMER, alias GEORGE near 30 years of age, about 5 ft. 5 or 6 in. high, lately the property of Mr. ST. GEORGE HONEYMAN, of the parish of St. George, marked on both shoulders &. whoever ma y apprehend the said Negro, and lodge him in any gaol or workhouse in this island, shall, on application to the Subscriber, receive a reward of Half a Joe. Any person proving to conviction his having been harboured by a white person, shal receive twenty Po unds reward, and on being harboured by a person of colour ten Pounds on application as above. All masters of vessels are cautioned against taking said Negro off the island. JAMES DEAN. 8 May 1791 Royal Gazette Ran away, from Retreat Estate in Westmoreland, a Negro fellow; he is short and full chested, with a round face, marked on one or both shoulders I I, on top, or the diamond between the initials. He was by occupation a cook, in which line he probably now serves; he has absconded for many years, and has been known in Kingston for about ten years by the name of JACKEY BROWN. Five Pounds reward with be given for apprehending, and safely lodging him in any of the workhouses in this island, by giving due information thereof, and applying to Lewis Williams, Junr., Esq., Retreat Estate, Westmoreland, or to the Subscriber, at Montego Bay. J. & W. GILZEAN. 12 May 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Ran away, about three months ago a Negro man, named WILL, a creole, aged about 37 years, has a dent on the left cheek, owing to a sore, speaks very good English, is a sailmaker by trade. All captains of ships and others are hereby cautioned not to employ or harbour the said Negro, as they will be prosecuted agreeably to law, by MARY F. EWART. 24 May 1791

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136 Royal Gazette D over Castle, Trelawny Ran away, from the Subscriber the 25th of April last, two Negroes of the Moco country, viz., CHARLES, a stout well made man, black complexion, about 5 ft. 8 in. high, marked on the left shoulder R C JULIET, a yellow complexioned woma n, has a scar on her left wrist from a guinea worm, and marked the same as Charles [ R C left shoulder]; she was purchased in July last, by RICHARD BRISSETT Esq., from a Mr. SILVA in Kingston; from which it is supposed they have gone the way of town. Any person taking up said Negroes, and delivering them to the Subscriber, or lodging them in any workhouse or gaol, by giving information thereof, shall receive fifty Shillings reward for each, by applying to Mr. George McGhie, in St. Ann, or to the Subscriber ROBERT COCHRAN. 6 June 1791 Royal Gazette Black River Ran away, a young Negro man named BRUTUS, calls himself a creole, but is supposed to be from Africa, as he talks both the Eboe and Coromantee languages very fluently; his marks (if any) [sic] are no t known, but supposed to be I D He was lately purchased by the Subscriber from DAVID FINLAYSON, Esq., who sold him on writs of Venditioni against a Joseph Dalby, who lately left this island, but is now said to be returned, and at Martha Brae. Any person s ecuring said Negro, and giving information either to Mr. George Netherwood in Kingston, or the Subscriber, shall be thankfully rewarded; or any person proving to conviction by whom he is harboured, if by a white person or person of colour, shall receive te n Pounds, if by a Negro a Half Joe reward. W. GAUNTLETT. 10 June 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Ran away, from the Subscriber three weeks ago, a short stout Negro boy, well known in town, named KENT, remarkable from a film upon one of his eyes; goes about g ardening and trimming vines. Half a Joe will be given any one bringing him, or lodging him in any place of confinement. JAMES MARTIN. 13 June 1791 Royal Gazette Deputy Marshal s Office, Kingston Whereas a Negro man slave named PEYTON, was lodged in Kings ton gaol on the 16th of May last, and a [writ of] Replevin soon thereafter brought for him against the Subscriber by ELIZ. B. DAVIDSON. He appears to be about 20 years of age, 5 ft. 7 in. high, marked on the right breast with M M B He says he belonged to Dr. DAVIDSON of this town, but was about seven years

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137 ago taken on board a foreign vessel lying in this harbour, commanded by Captain VAN BECKMAN, who carried him to Hispaniola, and sold him to a Mr. SEQUIERA, with whom he returned to this island. This is therefore to give Notice, that I shall, in compliance with a law of the island, detain the said Negro in my custody for one month after the date of this advertisement. D. FRASER, D.M. 15 June 1791 Royal Gazette Long Bay Estate, St. Thomas in the East Tak en up, on Sunday the 12th inst. in a small open boat, off this bay, eight Negro men and one woman, who say they came from Cape Tiburon, in the island of St. Domingo. They appear to be all creoles of this island [Jamaica], and speak very good English, as we ll as French. JAMES, alias CUPID says he formerly belonged to ALEXANDER DAWSON, Esq., Kingston, who sold him to M. VINCENT DE MAS JAMES, to Mr. DAVIDSON a tailor, Spanish Town, and in St. Domingo to M. VINCENT DE DAS [sic] PLUTARCH, to WILLIAM CLARKE a nd in St. Domingo to M. LE MARS TOM, to DA COSTA, Kingston, and in St. Domingo to M. FORNOIS HARRY TAYLOR, to J. B. GROSTCARD, Kingston, and in St. Domingo to M. MALFE DUBLIN, to ISAAC MENDEZ CUHNA, and in St. Domingo to M. AUCALO. CAESAR, to GEORGE MUNRO a wharfinger, Kingston, and in St. Domingo to Madame LA BONNE SCIPIO, to Mr. JEMMISON CHARLOTTE, no account. The two last say their master was killed in a duel, and having no relations, they were unclaimed. For further particulars apply to JOHN MEIN. 22 June 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Ran away, from the Subscriber about three months ago, a Negro woman named NELLY, of the Chamba country, has remarkable long breasts, with her country marks on her face, and is supposed to be 5 ft. 3 in. high, yellow c omplexion, a baker by trade. She is supposed to be harboured about Spring Path; she formerly lived with ERIC GRIFFIN Whoever will deliver her to the Subscriber, or lodge her in the workhouse or gaol of this town, shall receive a reward of forty Shillings; and, if proved to conviction, to be harboured by any white person, the sum of twelve Pistoles; and if by a person of colour, the sum of ten Pounds. WILLIAM ANDERSON. 20 July 1791 Royal Gazette Dover Estate, St. George Ran away, PLYMOUTH, a Coromantee on the 11th of October 1790; he is a middle sized Negro, rather slender made, has a mark I H D on top, on both of his cheeks, also a mark L C on his right shoulder, speaks but indifferent English, and very fast. QUASHIE, a Wanga ran away 3

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138 April 1790; rat her a short Negro, and stout, a stupid looking fellow, and speaks very indifferent English; had a rupture [hernia] when he left the estate; has a mark on his right shoulder L C The above Negroes were formerly the property of LEWIS CLARK at Salt Ponds, and are well known thereabouts. These Negroes have also been seen frequently cutting wood between Fort August and [ illeg. ] Fort. Whoever will apprehend the above Negroes, and deliver them either to Mr. RICHARD LLOYD at Dover, or to Hunter Hall & Co., in King ston, will rec eive a Pistole reward each. 17 October 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Five Pounds Rew ard. To the Maroons, or others Escaped from a Negro, on Sunday evening last, on his way to this town from Spanish Town, where he had been purchased on that da y by the Subscriber, from WILLIAM BROOKS Esq., for exportation, a likely Negro, called CUPID, a bricklayer by trade, aged about 19 years; well known in Clarendon, where he learnt his trade from the deceased JOHN SPENCE Whoever apprehends the said Negro, and lodges him in any workhouse, will receive the above reward, and every reasonable expence besides; and whoever harbours or employs him will be prosecuted. H. SKERRETT. 26 October 1791 Royal Gazette Clarendon Ran away, from Charing Cross Plantation in this parish the property of ROBERT ROSS Esq., about the month of July last, the two following Negro men, viz., WILL, a blackcomplexioned fellow, middle size, by trade a mason; is often seen about Spanish Town; he talks good English, and is very artful. B OB, a young creole fellow, about 5 ft. 5 or 6 in. high, marked on the shoulder R R, black complexion, talks good English; has a mother in Kingston, and a brother in Liguanea Mountains, between which two places he is supposed to be harboured. Whoever will l odge the above slaves in any gaol or workhouse, or deliver them to William Ross, Esq., Richmond, St. Mary, or the Subscriber in Clarendon, shall receive a Pistole reward for each; and whoever harbours them, or either of them, may depend upon being prosecut ed to the utmost rigour of the law. JOHN BURD. 28 October 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Ran away, about 5 weeks ago two stout middle aged new Negro men, named DEPTFORD and CHARLES, of the Mocco [Moco] country, marked S W on top, on the left shoulder, and having their country marks on their temples. A Pistole reward will be given for each, on lodging

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139 them in any workhouse, or bringing them to the subscriber. WILLIAM MITCHELSON. 28 October 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Ran away about four months ago, a sam bo boy named WILLIAM; he sometimes calls himself WILLIAM SMITH ; about 5 ft. 7 or 8 in. high, very bushy haired, thick lips, and rather clumsy made. A reward of a Pistole will be given to any person apprehending and securing him in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island. D. R. FAST. 4 November 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Twenty Pounds Reward Run away, on Wednesday the 26th ultimo, a Negro woman, of the Mundingo country, named CHLOE. She is a tall thin wench; had on an oznaburg shift and petticoat, a nd is remarkable by an inveterate sore on the left side of her collarbone. Any person who will take her up and lodge her in any of the workhouses, or send her to His Majesty s Printing Office, shall be suitably rewarded; and as she is probably harboured about the town, twenty Pounds will be paid on sufficient proof thereof, by applying to A. AIKMAN. 5 November 1791 Royal Gazette St. James Ran away, from Montego Bay, about three months ago a slim made Negro man, named JOHN. He was formerly the property of a Mr. CHARLES WANKFORD, and was driver to the workhouse there, and has since worked as a cooper on Guilsborough Estate in this parish. He was seen about a week ago going through Four mile Wood, in his way to windward, and is supposed to be harboured in St. Thomas in the East or St. David. Half a Joe will be given for lodging him in any gaol or workhouse, and five Pounds on proving to conviction by whom harboured. Apply at His Majesty s Printing Office. 11 November 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Whereas on Fr iday night the 4th instant, between the hours of nine and ten, the house of the Subscriber, in Rosemary Lane, was pelted with rock stones, of such bigness that it split the shingles in several places; therefore, ten Pounds reward is offered to any person or persons than can prove, to conviction, the offender or offenders, if white persons; and five Pounds, if it can be

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140 proved, if they are free people of colour or slaves. And whereas an advertisement was inserted in this paper, offering two Pounds fifteen Shillings, dated 9th September last, to any person that would take up a runaway mulatto boy named DANIEL, who was learning the carpenter trade; the Subscriber was informed that he has been seen on board his Majesty s ship the Diana at Port Royal; twenty Shillings will be given to any person who will take him up, and deliver him to the Subscriber, or lodge him in any gaol or workhouse of this island, and give notice of the same; and any person harbouring or concealing the said runaway, may depend the law will be put in force. N.B. He is about 18 years of age, tall, raw boned, round shoulders, and stoops very much when he walks. DAVID PINHEIRO FURTADO. 14 November 1791 Royal Gazette St. Thomas in the Vale Three Half Joes Reward. Ran away, from me on Thursday 23rd June last, a tall elderly Negro man, name PRINCE, alias KNIGHT about 5 ft. 10 or 11 in. high, by trade a carpenter. He formerly belonged to Mr. ROMALDO, dec., from whom he had been accustomed to hire himself and work out, and occasionally on his maste r s mountain, in the neighbourhood of Guanaboa, St. John, where, or in Liguanea, he is now supposed to be secreting himself, having been used to work there also. He at the same time stole away with him a small Bay Mare, marked C with a diamond before it, on the off buttock. Caution is given from any person harbouring him, as they will be prosecuted as the law directs; and from purchasing the above mare, as she will of course be replevined. The above reward is offered to any person who will deliver him to t he Subscriber, or secure him so at to get him immediately. JOHN MARSHALL. 14 November 1791 Royal Gazette Windsor Castle, St. Mary Ran away, from the Subscriber some time ago, two Negro men, both carpenters by trade, one of them named ISAAC, a likely young fellow; he is supposed to be harboured at Rose Hall Estate, St. Thomas in the Vale, he having a wife there, and where he has been seen. The other named MUSA, tall and slender made, and is very remarkable for having six toes on each foot; he has also a wi fe at Rose Hall, from which place he lately removed his clothes, and told his wife, that he meant to go to Kingston, where he was offered employment. A reward of fifty five Shillings will be given for apprehending and lodging each of them in either the Kingston or Spanish Town workhouses; and all manner of persons harbouring or employing either of them after this notice, may depend on being treated as the law directs in such cases. SAMUEL DOUGLASS. 18 November 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston

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141 To The Maroons. R an away, since October 1789 from the Subscriber, a creole Negro man, named JAMIE, but goes by that of JENKINS ; he is a short stout fellow, blind of the left eye, and marked on both shoulders M R M; is a fisherman, formerly the property of MOSES and REBECCA MESQUITA, and by them sold to ABRAHAM BALLAN, from whom the Subscriber purchased him. He is well known in this town, Port Royal, Spanish Town, Montego Bay, and Clarendon. A reward of ten Pounds will be paid on bringing him to the Subscriber, or lodging hi m in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, or on giving information where he may be found. Any person harbouring or concealing him, on conviction, may depend on being prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. As he is a very artful fellow he may attempt to pass for free, or change his name. ABRAHAM DE CAMPOS PEREIRA. 18 November 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Ran away, from the subscriber, a tall slim young Negro wench of the Mundingo country, named HANNAH. She is well known in this parish, and goes by the name of COOBA JACK, with her country folks; was formerly the property of Spero Penn, and purchased at a Marshal s sale, by Mr. HENRY SHERROTT from whom the Subscriber bought her last Tuesday fo night, and she went away the next morning. A reward of five Pounds will be paid for lodging her in any workhouse, or bringing her to the Subscriber; and ten Pounds to whoever will prove to conviction by whom she is harboured. E. C. CONNOR. 25 November 1791 Royal Gazette Ran away from Magotty Hall in Ligu anea, the following Negroes: BEN, an American about 5 ft. 9 in. high, a very sensible handy Negro, a penn keeper and butcher, had a yaw sore on his thigh when absconded; supposed to be harboured in Kingston or Spanish Town. EDGAR, by Negroes called HERRIN G GUT a Guinea [African] Negro, but many years in the country; he is a stout black likely Negro, rather taller than Ben, and about 30 years old; goes constantly between Kingston and Liguanea mountains, in both which places he is harboured at times. QUAOW, a creole, short, thick and stout fellow, about 35 years old; he is supposed to be harboured at Maccaw mountain in Above Rocks, where he has a wife named Mimba; he has been seen several times about the Caymanas, the Coveneys, and in Kingston. VENUS, a young woman, a creole, about 25 years of age, 5 ft. 7 in. high; she is supposed to be harboured at a place in Above Rocks called Prelands, where she has a husband named George. MATIS JUBA, a very old woman, Venus s mother. Fifty Shilling reward will be paid to any person apprehending either Ben, Edgar, Quaow, or Venus, and lodging them in any of the workhouses; also a reward of twenty Pounds to any person proving to conviction that the above slaves, or any one of them, are harboured by a white person or free pe rson of colour; and ten Pounds if by a slave; on application at Messrs. Jacques and Fisher s store, in Kingston, or John Spencer, at Goshen, St. Mary.

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142 25 November 1791 Royal Gazette Cassia Grove, Liguanea Ran away, from the above property upwards of nine years ago, a young creole Negro woman, named MARY ANN, marked on her right shoulder I O between and is supposed to be harboured by her mother, named Nanny, on the property of the late GEORGE HALE dec., at Milk River, to whom she formerly belonged. Any person apprehending her, and lodging her in Spanish Town or Kingston workhouse, or bringi ng her home to the Subscriber, shall receive five Pounds for their trouble; or, should she come home by herself, she shall be forgiven. Her walks are from Milk River to Old Harbour Market and Spanish Town, selling fowls, &tc. JAMES OWEN. 1 December 1791 Royal Gazette Wakefield, St. Ann Ran away, from the Subscriber the beginning of June 1790, a mulatto boy, named JOHN MACCRAE, about 16 years of age, remarkably smart and fond of dress, which he will procure by any improper means; in stature about 4 ft. 6 i n. high, marked on both shoulders H T He had been committed to gaol for attempting, as was supposed, to rob the house of Mr. Thomas Stoney, from whence he made his escape, and has not since been heard of, further than that he passes himself as a free boy, about the towns of Kingston and Spanish Town, where it is supposed he is now harboured. He is both plausible and artful, and can be very handy as a cook or tailor, and was not long since working at a tailor s shop in Spanish Town. He was formerly the property of Mr. JAMES DUNBAR Whoever will deliver him to the Subscriber, or safely lodge him in any gaol or workhouse in this island, shall receive a reward of five Pounds; and a further reward of twenty Pounds will be given upon proof of any white person har bouring him, or ten Pounds, if by a person of colour, on conviction. All captains and masters of vessels are hereby warned not to take the said mulatto boy off the country, as they willbe prosecuted to the utmost rigour of the law. N.B. He has been seen lately in Kingston, where he passed by a name different from that before mentioned. H. W. TUCKER. 1 December 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Ran away, from the Subscriber about three weeks since, a Negro man, named WILL, of the Eboe country, marked R P on the right shoulder, about 4 ft. 10 in. high, very well made; he speaks sometimes shrill and quick, as if in a surprise. He had on an oznaburg frock and trowsers; also, a collar, engraved Rich.Saunders [sic] which for the most part he secretes. Twenty Shilli ngs reward, with all reasonable charges, to any person bringing him home, or lodging him in any gaol or workhouse, and giving the Subscriber information thereof. All persons whatever are cautioned

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14 3 against harbouring him, as, in that case, the subscriber wi ll prosecute to the utmost rigor of the law. RICH. SAUNDERS. 2 December 1791 Royal Gazette Ran away, a Negro man named CHARLY, the property of the late Mr. WILLIAM BEAVER dec. He is of the Mundingo country, of a slender make, and about 18 years of age; very black, his foreteeth projecting, speaks good English, is very artful, and may probably pass himself as a free man. He is well known in Kingston, and has been employed for some time past as a mule man on Mount Chance Plantation, in St. Thomas in the Va le. A Pistole reward will be given to any person who will deliver him to the overseer of the above Estate; at the Custom House, Kingston; or to any of the workhouses, givi ng notice thereof as above. 2 December 1791 Royal Gazette Kingston Ran away, from t he Subscriber, a Negro boy named ANTHONY, about 18 years of age, yellow complexion, short and thick made, and some scars on his face; wide spreading toes, and much addicted to dancing. He is a creole of St. Dorothy parish, was born on Mr. Brown s plantatio n near Old Harbour, and is supposed to be harboured at Cocoa Walk Plantation in this parish, where his father lives, having been seen with a handbasket going to market, near that place. A Pistole reward will be given to any person who will deliver him to the Subscriber, near Mr. Lindo s. FRANK LOVE. 5 December 1791 Royal Gazette Ran away, since 30th March inst., a Negro man named BROMLEY, by trade a mason. He is stout and very black, marked T S (but may now be worn out) [sic] the property of Mrs. WIEGEN ; he is well known in the parish of St. Thomas in the East, particularly at Oxford and Spring Garden plantations. Whoever will apprehend the above Negro, and deliver him to M. T. Austin & West, in Kingston; James Kenny, at Morant Bay; or to Ambrose Carter, at Barking Lodge; will recei ve a reward of five Pounds. 7 December 1791 Royal Gazette Rand om Hall, St. Thomas in the Vale Ran away, from the Subscriber in April last, a creole Negro wench, named PRINCESS, marked with C M on the right shoulder, but not distinguishable, from 25 to 30 years of age, about 5 ft. 6 or 7 in. high; she formerly belonged to Mr. CARNEW of Spanish Town, and is supposed to be

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144 harboured either in that town or its vicinity, having been seen lately at the Red Hills. Whoever will appre hend and deliver her to Mr. JOSEPH EMANUELL at the East End of Kingston, to me on this property, or lodge her in any workhouse, giving information thereof shall receive a reward of two Pistoles. And any person that will inform where or by whom she is harboured or concealed, shall, when convicted, if a white person be paid a further sun of ten Pounds, and if a person of colour five Pounds, on applying to the Gentleman before mentioned, or Christopher Mackintyre. 9 December 1791 Royal Gazette St. Andrew Ra n away, from the Subscriber in Kingston between three and four months since, a Negro woman higgler of the Chamba country, named JESSE, about 36 years of age, supposed to be marked with A T on one of her shoulders, and to be harboured at the East End of tha t town, where she has been lately seen. Any person that will apprehend and deliver her to her owner, at his penn near Halfway Tree, or lodge her in any of the workhouses, giving information thereof, shall receive twenty Shillings reward; and whoever will p rove where, or by whom, she is harboured or concealed, shall when convicted, if a white person, be entitled to a further sum of ten Pounds, and if a person of colour Five Pounds, on making application to me at the place before mentioned. ROBERT OAKES. 23 December 1791 Royal Gazette KnockPatrick Ran away, from this property the following Negro men: viz., ADAM, an Eboe bred a fisherman, a stout well made young fellow, of a black complexion, marked on one of his shoulders R M well known in Hanover and at Montego Bay, being formerly the property of Dr. ROBERT MUNRO, of Sandy Bay; he has been absconded about 12 months. Also, an elderly Negro man, named QUASHIE, a creole, well known upon the roads from this place to both the leeward and windward parishes, bei ng often employed as a postillion; he is very handy and clever about a penn, and in the management of stock, and likewise bred to the carpenter trade, and is a tolerable saddler; he has been runaway about four months. A reward of five Pounds will be given to any person for apprehending and securing either the said Negroes, upon application to Robert Forrester, Esq., at Dumfries in Hanover; Mr. Robert Campbell at the store of George Nocherwood, Esq., in Kingston; or to the Subscriber; and a further reward of twenty Pounds, as above, to any person who will prove to conviction, where either of the said above Negroes are harboured. The public are therefore cautioned, as Quashie is a very artful fellow, and may attempt to pass himself as a free man. N.B. If the above mentioned slaves will return to their duty, they shall be pardoned. ROB HUGH MUNRO.

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145 30 December 1791 Royal Gazette Hanover street, Kingston Ran away, from the Subscriber on the night of the 22d inst, a Negro wench, lately purchased of Mr. ADAM HOBBI CK named PEGGY, alias MARGARET She is of the Congo country, very likely, and speaks English well; she is very well known about Spanish Town and Old Harbour, and is supposed to be harboured in the latter place where she has a husband named Connick, the pr operty of Miss Elizabeth Burke. Any person apprehending her, and lodging her in any of his Majesty s gaols or workhouses, shall receive Half a Joe reward, on application to MARTHA MEACHAM. 1792 9 January 1792 Royal Gazette Kingston Absconded, about thre e weeks ago a young Negro woman, named BELLA, well known about town, having been accustomed for some years to attend the Subscriber s children. She is of the Papaw country, very lusty, remarkably indolent and idly disposed. She is the reputed wife of a Neg ro man slave named Harry, in the service of Dr. Porter, and is supposed to be harboured by the said Harry. A reward of twenty Pounds will be given to any person who will adduce sufficient proof of her being harboured by the said Harry, or any other slave, or thirty Pounds if by a free person of colour. ALEX AIKMAN. 10 January 1792 Royal Gazette Spanish Town Ran away, from the Subscriber, a mulatto boy named WILLIAM, about 18 years of age, and 5 ft. 9 in. high, by trade a tailor. He left Mr. BARRELLs empl oy on the 28th of November last, and was caught the 27th of December following, when he was put in gaol, from which he escaped the same day. As his mother, the property of Mr. Black, lived in Kingston, it is supposed that he may be lurking about her. A rew ard of five Pounds will be given to any person who can bring sufficient proof of his being harboured by any person; or a Pistole, if lodged in any workhouse. JOSEPH WOOLLEY. 11 January 1792 Royal Gazette Kingston Twenty Pounds Reward. Ran away, from the Subscriber since the 2d of May last a Negro wench, named JEANIE, formerly in the possession of Mr. EDWARD BOWES She is frequently seen in

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146 Spanish Town and is reported to be higgling between that and the Red Hills. A Half Joe reward will be paid to any per son lodging her in the workhouse of Spanish Town or Kingston; and twenty Pounds for the conviction of any free person harbouring her, by applying to JOHN TODD. 12 January 1792 Royal Gazette Kingston Eight Dollars Reward. Ran away, this day, a French Negr o man, a creole of St. Domingo, named ALEXANDRE, aged 40 or 45 years, 5 ft. 3 or 4 in. high, pitted by the smallpox, of a yellow complexion, and speaks no English. Whoever will bring him to me in Hanover street, by the pump, or lodge him in any workhouse i n this island, shall receive the above reward. FAUCHE BINEAU. 10 March 1792 Cornwall Chronicle Drumore Po link, near Middlemost, Trelawny Ran away, a few days ago from the Subscriber, the following Negroes, viz., LEITH, HAZARD, PETER, DONTRUCE, GREENWICH, ISAAC, JAMES, JAMIE, PINNOCK, MASSA, CARDIFF, DEVONSHIRE, BILLY, TRYAL, DAMON, CUPID, DRYSCOTLAND (a man), SCOTLAND (a boy), GRACE and her daughter TAMAR, CLARA and her son SAM; AMYNTAS and her two daughters SARAH and CUBA; CELIA, RACHAEL, PHILLIS, SARAH, FLAVIA, DOLL, and JUNO. The above Negroes were formerly the property of Mr. CHARL ES BAGBIE dec., but at the time of their desertion were and had been in the possession of the Subscriber ten months, as executor; and as there is reason to suspect that the above Negroes are harboured by some person or persons near the Subscriber s settlement, with a view to harass him in his executorship, a reward of five Pounds is offered for Leith, a driver, and forty Shillings for each of the rest, on their being lodged in any gaol or workhouse in this island; and a reward of fifty Pounds to any person proving to conviction their being harboured, if by a white person, and fifty Shillings if by a Negro. N.B. Hazard, one of the above Negroes, was taken up by a constable on a search warrant, but made his escape the same day. He was seen the morning following, at the place where he was taken up. CHARLES McCLARE. 9 May 1792 Cornwall Chronicle Georgia, Trelawny Absconded, from the Subscriber about the 25th of March last, two Negroes of the Portuguese Congo [sic] country, marked T C on their right shoulder. One is a tall, black, young fellow, answers to the name of BRISTOL; the other a short, yellowish Negro named BOB. Both have their country marks on their face. Whoever will bring said Negroes to their owner at the above

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147 place, or lodge them in an gaol or workhouse, shall be handsomely rewarded, and have all charges paid. THOMAS COOPER .45 12 May 1792 Cornwall Chronicle Stretch and See Strayed into the above plantation last nig ht, a new Negro MAN, about 5 ft. 2 in. high, who cannot speak English. 3 June 1792 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Run away Negroes. Whereas two Negro men have been sent to this island by the Governor of St. Jago de Cuba, with letters to the Lieutenant Go vernor of this island; and his Honour having been pleased to direct that the said Negroes should be advertised. The one named LEWIS, alias JOHN, and the other named KINGSTON. Any person proving their property and applying at the Governor s Office for the n ecessary orders, may receive the said Negroes at Montego Bay, on paying the ex penses to Watson & Milburn. 6 June 1792 Cornwall Chronicle 45 See also BRISTOL and BOB, new Negroes owner and country unknown, marked T C one 5 ft. 6 in. high, the other 5 ft. 3 in. high. St. Elizabeth Workhouse (6 June 1792). [CC] Ran away, in September last a new [sic] Negro boy, named LEVANT, a creole [sic], about 16 years old, smart and clean made, pleasant countenance, when laughing shows his teeth much, has a small scar on his eyebrow, and one on his nose, and speaks good English; has been often seen at Montego Bay. Any person securing him, or giving information where he may be had, shall be thankfully rewarded, by applying to Mr. Adam Steel, or to the Subscriber, at Falmouth. ROBERT KELLY. 14 June 1792 Cornwall Chronicle Moor Park A Half Joe reward. Ran away, about six months ago a Negro washerwoman, a Papaw named DONETTA, marked on both shoulder I Py and perhaps has other marks, as she has had several masters formerly in Hanover, being much addicted to running away. She used to hide amongst the mountain settlements back of Flint River and Blue Hole, and once was found in Lima or Dumfries negro grounds, in this parish. The above reward will be paid to any person who will bring her to this Estate, or lodge her in the St. James or Hanover workhouse. JOHN PERRY.

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148 14 June 1792 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Ran away, a Negro woman named FANNY of the Eboe country, about 20 years of age. She is an artful wench, and has been away these two months, supposed to be harboured at or near this Bay. Twenty Shillings reward will be given for securing her, or lodging her in any workhouse; and ten Pounds to any person who will prove, so that the offender, if a white person, may be convicted thereof, or a Half Joe if harboured by a Negro. SAMUEL SHARPE. 19 June 1792 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Ran away, on Saturday last a young creole Negro man, named JE MMY, about 18 years of age, with very large, broad feet, marked on the left shoulder G L on top. He obtained a letter from a Gentleman on Montego Bay last Monday, to intercede with his master, which it is supposed he now makes use of as a pass. A Pistol e reward will be given on securing him in any workhouse. GEORGE LAWSON. 29 June 1792 Cornwall Chronicle Flower Hill Absconded, from Unity Hall near Chatham about the 5th of May last, a tall, thin, new Negro man of the Nago country, named ORONOKO. He ha d a ticket from Mr. George Allardyce to come to this place. Any person giving information of him to the Subscriber, shall be thankfully rewarded, and all charges paid. JOHN EMSLIE. 14 September 1792 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Absented herself from the Subscriber, since the middle of May last, a Negro woman slave named MARY; she was previous to that time permitted to hire herself out, and had a Ticket for that purpose, of which she may probably still endeavour to avail herself. She is very well known i n this parish and Hanover, and has lately been seen at Catherine Hall, Worcester, RoundHill, and Welcome estates, in those parishes, by the Negroes on some of which it is supposed she is harboured, particularly suspected on Catherine Hall. A Pistole rewar d will be give to any person apprehending her, and either lodging her in the Workhouse or delivering her to THOMAS ALVES.

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149 19 September 1792 Cornwall Chronicle Cousins Cove, Hanover Went off in a canoe, from Launce s Bay, on Monday the 17th instant, the f ollowing Negroes: GEORGE, a Moco about 5 ft. 8 in. high,very stout, and of a yellow complexion. KENT, a Moco 5 ft. 11 in. high, very slim made, of a black complexion, and stoops in his walk. DONALD, a Moco very stout, with a short thick neck and large head, 5 ft. 6 in. high. FOX, a Moco is well made, has a short round face, 5 ft. 5 in. high. NELLY, a Moco a yellow wench, and bow legged, 4 ft. 10 in. high. All of them, except Donald (who was only purchased about a month ago) [sic] speak a little broken English, particularly Fox; they have no brandmark. A suitable reward will be paid to any person apprehending any of the above Negroes, and giving information to George Malcolm, Lucea, or the Subscriber, or lodging them in any workhouse. JOHN CROOKS. 25 September 1792 Cornwall Chronicle St. Ann Ran away, from Queenbithe Estate the 4 th of August, a new Negro man (country unknown) [sic] bought from Mr. CHARLES MOUTEN, ex the ship Rio Nova46; answers to the name of TOM, about 35 years of age, 5 ft. 8 in. high, and is marked on the right shoulder G T ; had on when he absconded a long crocus frock. Whoever will give information of him, or lodge him in any workhouse, shall, on application to the Subscriber, or to William Cocke, overseer on said Estate, receive a H alf Joe reward. MARMADUKE HODGSON. 12 October 1792 Cornwall Chronicle 46 Cf. TAS T (1999), ID#83336, the Rio Nova, Capt. Robert Moulton, departed London 5 Dec. 1791, via Cape Coast Castle and Anomabu (Gold Coast) and Popo (Bight of Benin), to Montego Bay, Jamaica, disembarked 16 May 1792 an imputed 414 slaves, predominantly from Bight of Benin; nine listed owners (including Charles Moulton). Three Pounds reward. Ran away, from the Subscriber on Thursday the 11th instant, a likely creole Negro woman, named MARY ANN, about 26 years of age, has regular features, and is very d ressy; when a girl she was marked on the shoulder A O D, and on the other has a large scar, occasioned by a burn when an infant. It is supposed she may go to Kingston, having had a mulatto man belonging to Mrs. Sanguinetti, for a husband, who very lately has sent letters to her. The above reward will be paid to any person lodging said wench in any gaol or workhouse in this island, giving information thereof to the Subscriber in St. James. A further reward of five Pounds will be given to any person proving t o conviction her being harboured, if by a white person, three Pounds, if by a free person of colour, and twenty Shillings if by a slave. JOHN STEVENS.

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150 12 October 1792 Cornwall Chronicle New Hope, St. Ann Ran away, from the above property on or about the 19th or 20th of May last, a stout, well made Negro man called JOHN WILKS, of the Eboe country; about 6 feet high, a good deal pitted with the smallpox, and branded on one of the shoulders W T Whoever apprehends the said Negro and lodges him in any of the gaols or workhouses of this island, shall receive a Half Joe reward; and whoever will inform by whom he is harboured, shall be entitled to a reward of ten Pounds; on conviction of the person so harbouring him, by applying to the proprietor at New Hope Penn. 22 October 1792 Cornwall Chronicle Concordia, St. James Ran away, last Thursday evening a Negro girl, of the Moco country, named CHARLOTTE, marked W S on the right shoulder; had an oznaburg shift only. A Pistole reward will be given on delivery of her t o the Subscriber, or Dr. Noble, Montego Bay. WILLIAM SCHAW. 30 October 1792 Cornwall Chronicle Retrieve, Hanover Ran away, from the Subscriber the 1st instant, a new Negro man of the Moco country, marked on the left shoulder N M on top; he answers to the name of ABRAM; had on when he went away an oznaburg frock and trowsers, and a blue baize frock. Whoever apprehends and secures him in any workhouse shall receive a Pistole reward, on application to Mr. Alexander McCallum, Lucea, or the Subscriber at above. JAMES HOPKINS. 8 November 1792 Cornwall Chronicle Ran away, from Flint River Estate, Hanover, on the 26th ult. a new Negro man of the Eboe country, answers to the name of COLIN, is about 5 ft. 6 in. high, of a black complexi on, has two ring worms47 on his back, and a scar on the right shoulder. Whoever apprehends him and lodges him in any of the workhouses or delivers him at the Store of Messrs. J. and W. Gilzean, shall be thankfully rewarded by THOMAS DEANE The above Negro speaks Moco, and may probably pass as of that country. 19 November 1792 Cornwall Chronicle 47 Refers to a type of contagious ailment caused by a fungal infection.

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151 Content, near Lucea Absconded, from GreenIsland about the 20th of September last, a tall, stout, Negro wench, aged from 30 to 35 years, named PAMELA, well known i n this parish and Westmoreland; in the latter she has a daughter at Savanna la Mar, that formerly went by the name of Queen Anne but has lately assumed that of Sarah Cunningham; she has been much employed by people at GreenIsland in hawking goods about the country, as she at times hired herself. She is supposed to be harboured either at Savanna la Mar or at a penn called the Retirement in that parish, as she has a husband named Jamaica there. Whoever will apprehend and lodge her in any of the workhouses sh all be entitled to a three Pounds reward; and whoever will inform by whom she is harboured shall, on conviction of the offender, receive ten Pounds, by applying to the Subscriber. WILL FRASER. 1793 1 February 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Five Pounds reward, ran away from the Subscriber in March, 1791, a Negro man named YORK, about 5 ft. 4 in. high, of the Moco country, marked on the right shoulder with W E The above reward will be paid to any person lodging the said Negro in any gaol or workhouse i n this island, giving information to the Subscriber in St. James. A further reward of five Pounds will be given to any person proving to conviction his being harboured, if by a white person, three Pounds if a person of colour, and twenty Shillings if by a slave. NICHOLAS DAWES. 1 March 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Absconded, the 18th of last month, a young Negro MAN, of the Eboe country, yellow complexion, rather thin, and sickly; had on when he went away a long blue baize frock. Any person taking up said Negro, and delivering him to the Subscriber, or lodging him in any gaol or workhouse, shall be suitably rewarded. PATRICK GREEN. 15 March 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Ran away, last Sunday fo nnight from Dry Bridge near Montego Bay, a creole Negro man named AUSTIN. He is very black, has a thick beard, and is a fisherman; formerly belonged to Mr. JOHN BOON, and is supposed to be harboured at Spot Valley Estate, or in the neighborhood of Long Bay. Any person taking up said fellow, and delivering him to t he Printer hereof, or to the overseer on said property, shall receive a Half Joe reward. 19 March 1793

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152 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Escaped, from the gaol at this place, some time in the month of January last, a Negro man slave named GOODLUCK, the pro perty of the estate of ROBERT LOVEJOY, dec., who was levied on by me under a Writ of Venditioni, against the said estate. He is about 5 ft. 4 in. high, stout and well made. A Half Joe reward will be paid to any person who will lodge him in the gaol here or at MarthaBrae, or give information where he is harboured, so that he may be recovered. THOMAS ALVES, M.D. 28 March 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Worcester, St. James Ran away, about two months ago from this estate a Negro man, named JACK, by trade a carpen ter, belonging to WILLIAM HALL, Esq., he is well known on both sides of the island. Whoever delivers him at the above Estate, or lodges him in any gaol or workhouse, shall receive a Pistole reward. CHARLES BOSWELL. 4 April 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Lucea R an away, from the Subscriber about Christmas last, a Negro fellow named TOM, marked on both shoulders C B ; has a scar on the back of his head, another on his legs, and his knees bend outwards; he is a sensible fellow, and pretends to be looking for a runaw ay Negro. Whoever lodges him in a workhouse, or sends him home, shall receive a Half Joe reward. GEORGE BINHAM. 17 April 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Ran away, from PerseveranceHall in this parish last Sunday night, three Negro men and a woman, name d COMMODORE, SCOTLAND, BACCHUS, and BESSY; Commodore is a plausible fellow, speaks good English, and is about 6 feet high; Scotland is about the same height; Bacchus is a Bruchee [ Eboe ], 5 ft. 10 in. high, and Bessy about 5 ft. 6 in. high. They are all of the Eboe country, and have been in the island near two years. Three Negroes having ran away from Spotfield Estate the same night, and one from Mr. WILLIAM GRANT of Trelawny, it is conjectured they are all together, as they endeavoured to persuade another Negro belonging to Spotfield to abscond with them, who refused, and informs that their intention was to go to the Spaniards, and that a canoe was to be in waiting for them at the Point. Whoever can give information of the above Negroes, so that they may be recovered, shall receive a Doubloon

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153 reward. McKEAN & DOW. 19 April 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Absconded, about a week ago, a young stout well made Negro man, named GEORGE, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. Had on when he went away an oznaburg frock and trowsers, and a leather apron; he is marked W W on the right shoulder, and WILSON Mo. B A Y on the left. Whoever will deliver the said Negro to the Subscriber shall receive a Pistole reward. W. WILSON. 26 April 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Ran away from the Subscriber about the 20th of January last, a Negro wench named HOPE, about 5 ft. high, stout made, of a sallow complexion, but has no brandmark. She has bad feet, and stammers in her speech; has been seen in Westmoreland since she absconded, an d supposed to be harboured in the neighbourhood of Mammee Hill. Whoever secures said Negro in any workhouse in this island shall receive a Pistole reward. MARY ROBERTSON. 26 April 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Clifton Hill, St. James Ran away, a mulatto MAN ab out 23 years of age, by trade a carpenter. He has a cut on his face which he received when a boy, but it is not remembered on which cheek, and has the mark of a wound on the joint of the left fore finger, nearest the hand; he had on a ruffled shirt, nankee n breeches, and shoes and stockings. It is supposed he is gone to town, and may attempt to pass as a free man. A reward of five Pounds will be given, besides the necessary charges, if brought to the Subscriber, or lodged in any of his Majesty s gaols or workhouses. ANDREW KERR. 27 April 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Ran away, from the Subscriber about five weeks ago, a Negro manboy of the Eboe country, named SAM, about 17 years old, yellow skin, has filed teeth, and his hair rather yellow or reddis h, has a small lump on one of his shoulders, but no brandmark; had on when he went away a short osnaburg shirt and trowsers. Whoever will secure him in the workhouse, or bring him to the Subscriber at Mr. Sharpe s Store, shall receive a Pistole reward. He is supposed to be in company with a short, handesome looking boy, of the same country [ Eboe ], parrot toed, and two of his middle toes on the right foot grown together; his name is TOM, about 12 or 14 years old,

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154 belonging to Mrs. HAMILTON, who will give th e same reward on his being secured. J. B ROTHERTON. 30 April 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Ran away, last Sunday evening, a new Negro wench of the Eboe country, named PATIENCE, has her country marks on her forehead, breast, and arms, and has an ulce r on one of her legs; had on when she went away an osnaburg coat and short frock. Whoever delivers said wench to the Subscriber, shall be thankfully rewarded. DAVID SMITH. 1 May 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Cascade, Hano ver Ran away, from the above settlemen t three Negro men, by trade carpenters, marked on the right shoulder W O JOHN, an Eboe short and stout made, about 5 ft. 5 in. high. ANTHONY, a creole, yellow complexion, tall and well made, has a swaggering walk and his hair very low on his forehead. TO M, a Nago about 5 ft. 5 in. high, has scars on his forehead and face, his country marks. The two last were advertised about three years ago. Whoever will apprehend said Negroes, and deliver them as above, shall receive forty Shillings reward for each, by applying to the Subscriber. ROBERT VERNON. 9 May 1793 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Ran away, from Kensington Penn about the 29th ult., a [ creole] Negro woman known by the name of CREOLE NANCY, formerly the property of Doctor W. FOWLER but now of Miss SU SANNA DUNBAR Any person securing said Negro woman in any gaol or workhouse in this island, shall receive forty Shillings reward; or if any person can information by whom she is harboured, twenty Pounds will be given by the Subscriber. ROBERT FOWLER. 23 May 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Ran away, from Orange about six weeks ago, a new Negro man of the Eboe country, about 5 ft. 8 in. high, rather elderly, his teeth filed, and has his country marks about his temples, and answers to the name of SCIPIO. Any person securing said Negro in any workhouse, or giving information thereof to the Subscriber, shall receive a Half Joe reward. CHARLES B. JAMES.

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155 23 May 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Lucea Ran away, on the 13th of April last, a likely wellmade young mulatto man named PHILIP, about 23 years of age, brought up to the tailor s business, is very plausible and may endeavour to pass himself as a free man. A reward of ten Pounds will be given to any person that apprehends and brings him to the Subscriber, or secures him in a ny gaol or workhouse in this island, and a reward of double that sum will be given to any person that will inform by whom he is harboured or concealed, so that the offender or offenders may be prosecuted and brought to punishment. All masters of ships are cautioned against employing him, as he perhaps may offer himself in the capacity of a steward, and by that means get off the country. JOHN CURRELL. 23 May 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Mo ntego Bay Ran away, on Sunday the 12th inst. a sambo woman, named FRANCES She may pass under the name of BENEBA ; was formerly the property of JEREMIAH ALLEN, dec., now the property of MARY HARVEY; she is well known in the parishes of St. Elizabeth and St. James. A reward of three Pounds will be given to any person that will de liver her to the Subscriber, or lodge her in any workhouse or gaol, giving information; if proved to be harboured, on conviction, five Pounds, as the law will be put in force after this notice, if found in the possession of any person whatsoever. GEORGE HARVEY. 26 May 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Hanover Taken up, at Orange Bay in this parish a new Negro man, without any mark, of the Chamba country, speaks very little English, says his name is BEN, and that he belongs to a person who plants provisions, and ha s about 20 Negroes; and that he left this master because he was ill treated by the driver, whose name is Jemmy. Whoever has lost such a Negro may have him again, paying all expenses, by applying to ALEXANDER CONNELL, overseer on said Estate. 27 May 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Ran away, on the 20th instant a Negro man, named STEPNEY, stout made, and marked on one shoulder S S, by trade a mason, aged about 25 years, very artful, and well known on several estates in this parish, and on this Bay. Also a Negro girl named MARIA, marked on one shoulder S S, had one when she went away an oznaburg coat and shift, aged about 16 years; it is supposed they are harboured at or near this Bay. Whoever takes up said Negroes, and will bring them to

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156 the Subscriber, or lodges them in any gaol or workhouse, shall receive a Pistole reward for each, and if proved by whom harboured or concealed, five Pounds for each, on conviction of the offenders, on application to Mr. Samuel Sharpe, or JOHN SHARPE. 27 May 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Ran away, from Maesmore Plantation in this parish a Negro man, named NAT, by trade a cooper, a short, well made fellow, about 45 years of age, grey headed; he has run away several times, and is well known about Kingston and Spanis h Town, for he has before endeavoured to pass as a free man at those places, and two or three years ago was taken on board ship at Kingston. A reward of five Pounds will be paid for taking him up, and lodging him in any Workhouse, giving notice thereof to the Hon. GEORGE MURRAY, Esq., or the overseer upon the Estate. 30 May 1793 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Ran away, from Hazelymph Estate in this parish, two new Negro men of the Moco country, named TIM and NED; the former perfectly black, about 5 ft. 6 in.; the latter of a yellow complexion, and about 5 ft. 10 in. high, each marked on the right shoulder L A W ; both young, not being more than 18 or 19 years of age. Any person taking up said Negroes, and delivering them to Mr. WILLIAM WITTER overseer upon s aid property, or lodge them in any gaol or workhouse, shall receive a Half Joe reward for each Negro. 7 June 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Moy Hall, St. James Ran away, from the place last week, or it is supposed may have gone in a small canoe, three new Negro es, named QUACO, BACCHUS, and PAISLEY; the first two are Mocos and marked M H in one on their right shoulders, the other T M [upside down] in one, W [upside down]. Whoever will secure them, or give information where they may be received, shall be thankful ly rewarded by WILLIAM McINTOSH. 12 June 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Absconded, from Savanna la Mar this day with a mule and portmantua containing sundry wearing apparel and papers a stout Negro man, named JOHN, the property of ALEXANDER

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157 MATTHEW S He is well known about Montego Bay, and at Orange Estate in St. James. Whoever apprehends the above Negro, mule, &c. so that they may be recovered, shall receive five Pounds five Shillings reward, by applying to Mr. James Wilson, Montego Bay, or the Su bscriber. GEORGE STEVENS. 16 June 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Ran away, from Blackness Estate in this parish in the month of February last, a new Negro named JOHN, supposed to be a Mundingo; has his country marks on his forehead, and an opening between his front teeth, also a few marks of the smallpox, could not speak any English, is about 28 or 30 years of age, and 5 ft. 6 in. high. Any person securing said Negro in any workhouse shall receive a Half Joe reward, by applying to WALTER ADAMS Esq., Montego Bay, or at Sav anna la Mar, to Rose & Fox. 17 June 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Taken up, at Providence Estate in this parish about two months ago a Negro MAN, country unknown; is not inclined to speak so much English as he seems to know appears to be from 18 to 20 years of age, and marked on the right shoulder L K the L on top apparently as if some other letter had preceded the K. He was refused admittance in the workhouse five or six weeks ago, on account of an eruption, which turned out a very favourable kind of smallpox. It is expected, on application for the Negro, property will be pr oved, and all charges paid. 20 June 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Flint River Ran away, from the Subscriber, a new Negro man of the Moco country named VUL CAN, a stout made fellow, about 5 ft. 5 in. high, and marked on the left shoulder with I T not very plain, has also lost the small toe off the left foot; had on when he went away a white linen shirt marked I T. It is supposed he is in company with a Negro wench of the same country [ Moco ] named LUCY, belonging to SAMUEL MORRIS Esq. Whoever will lodge said fellow in any workhouse, or deliver him to Messrs. McCatty & Alan, or the Subscriber, shall receive a Pistole reward. JAMES THOMSON. 20 June 1793 Cornw all Chronicle GoldenGrove Estate, Hanover

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158 Ran away, from the above estate the latter end of September last, two new Negro men of the Moco country named KING and HENRY, about 25 years of age each, and 5 ft. 7 or 8 in. high. King is a coal black, very smoot h in the face, stoops a little, and has a very dull countenance. Henry is very erect, has a lively countenance, with a few small marks on his temples, and a yellow tinge familiar to that of a bloated Negro.48 Whoever apprehends either of them, shall be lib erally rewarded by applying to Mr. Roderick Tulloch, Montego Bay, Mr. Hudson at the Ramble, the overseer on the property, or the Subscriber at Brea. ALEX McKENZIE. 21 June 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Hanover Ran away, from Roundhill Estate on Tuesday the 11t h instant a Negro man, named BILLY, of the Coromantee country, has lost the first joint off his thumb and little finger of one hand, and the first joint of the middle finger of the other; he is marked W H reversed on his left breast, and is well known at M ontego Bay, where he has been seen working on board some of the vessels. Whoever will secure said Negro in the workhouse, Montego Bay, or deliver him to the Subscriber at the above Estate, shall receive a Pistole reward. MARY COURTAULD. 28 June 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Absconded, from the Subscribers about five weeks ago, two new Negro men of the Canga country, marked on the right shoulder G M took with them when they went away, a blue baize and an oznaburg frock each, and answer to the names of DUKE and JOE. Joe is much pitted with the smallpox; they are about 5 ft. 10 in. high, and well made. Any person delivering them to the Subscribers shall be entitled to a Pistole reward for each. GAYNER & MANDERSON. 48 This stereotypical bloated appearance may be a reference to the physical symptons of beriberi, a disease caused by a defici ency of thiamine (vitamin B1) and often resulting in a compulsion to eat clay laden dirt (geophagy); Kiple, The Caribbean Slave pp.96101. 12 July 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Ran away, from Unity Estate, four new Negroes of the Canga country; one MAN and one WOMAN marked I M L upon the right shoulder, and one MAN and one WOMAN marked a double inverted, on the left shoulder. Whoever will lodge the above Negroes in any gaol or workhouse shall be thankfully rewarded by THOMAS McKISSOCK on the above Estate, or Mr. John Simpson, Martha Brae Wharf. 18 July 1793

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159 Cornwall Chronicle Lost. It is supposed in the neighbourhood of Little River on Tuesday the 9th instant, a new Negro MAN of the Eboe country, purchased out of the ship sold on the 8th instant, at Montego Bay, by Messrs. Wedderburn & Co.49 He is a likely, young fellow, had on a frock of very common oznaburgs, not reaching below his knees, and round his neck a piece of red tape, on which was a bit of card, wrote thereon James Rose, St. Ann. Whoever secures this Negro for the Subscriber, shall receive a Half Joe reward, and all necessary expenses. JAMES ROSE. 19 July 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Ran away, about three months ago from Lucea Barracks a new Negro man, named DUBLIN. He was hired as a pioneer to the 16th Regiment, is of a yellow complexion, has no brandmark, but is pitted with the smallpox, and has a very large scar upon one of his feet, as if it had been entirely split open. A reward of five Pounds will be given to whoever will deliver him to the Subscriber. MACLAURIN GILLIES. 2 August 1793 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Ran away, from Leyden Estate the 12 th of March last, KENT, an Eboe Negro, short and squat made, about 5 ft. 2 in. high, yellow complexion, speaks pretty good English, aged about 35 or 40, is very artful, and well known about Montego Bay, being formerly a Wainman [waiting man]. Also, from the same Estate, about the 8th of May, BRITAIN, an Eboe with the Bruchee cut on his forehead; about the same height as Kent, but slender and black, about 26 or 28 years old, and talks tolerable English; had on when he went aw ay, a pair of striped, dark coloured, thickset breeches, and an oznaburg frock. Two Half Joes reward will be given for apprehending Kent, and one for Britain. ROBERT KERR. 4 August 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Grand Caymanas 49 Cf. TAST (1999), ID#80416, the Backhouse Capt. James Harrocks (then Michael Pele), departed Liverpool 27 Oct. 1792, via Bonny, disembarked at Montego Bay, Jamaica, 5 July 1793, with 281 slaves. Landed, from on board the ship Duk e of Clarence, Capt. Rowson, and delivered to the Subscriber, that his owner may recover him, a Negro boy named JACK, of a yellow complexion, clean limbed, about 5 ft. high, and says he is a creole of Savanna la Mar. He had secreted himself on board the ship, without the knowledge of any person on board. He will be returned to this owner, on paying all expenses. CHRISTOPHER C. BUSH.

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160 11 August 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Phoenix, Hanover Ran away, from the above estate about a fortnight ago a Negro man, named JEMMY, a carpenter by trade, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, strong made, and rather of a yellow complexion, marked upon the left shoulder Q ; about 35 years of age. It is suspected he is in the neighbourhood of WestonFavell Estate, from whence he was taken by Mrs Harding s Negroes, and delivered up a few months ago. He may probably have shifted his ground of concealment, and be among Mr. Tomlinson s Negroes at Dalinsober, where he has connexions. The fellow is sensible and very plausible, with principles and prac tices very dangerous to be disseminated on any property in this island. He may have the address to pass for a free man. All people are cautioned from suffering such a Negro to mix with their own. For the purpose of transporting him from the island, the pro prietor offers a reward of ten Pounds to whoever delivers him on the Estate, and five Pounds if lodged in any of the gaols or workhouses in this island, on application to Mr. ALEXANDER MILLER, overseer on said Estate. 18 August 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Lu ana, St. Elizabeth Ran away, from the Subscriber on Sunday night the 4th instant, six new Negro MEN, and one WOMAN. Two of the men, and the woman, have since delivered themselves up to a neighbouring back settlement, unable, through want and fatigue, to e xecute a concerted plan of returning to Montego Bay, from which place they were lately purchased. The other four men separated with declared intentions to prosecute their plan. It is supposed they took their route through Chesterfield or Seven Rivers, as t hey took that direction. Two of the men are remarkable stout; one of them has lost the two first joints of each of the four fingers of his left hand; they had each of them a blue baize frock, and oznaburg frock and breeches; they are all marked R W x on t op. Whoever takes them up shall be handsomely rewarded, by giving information thereof to Messrs. John and William Gilzean of Montego Bay, or to the Subscriber, either at Savanna la Mar, or Black River. LEWIS WILLIAMS, Sr. 22 August 1793 Cornwall Chronicl e Childermas Ran away, two Negro men, of the Moco country, named DICK and MARTIN, both marked on the right shoulder C L ; they have been in the country about three years and speak pretty good English. A Half Joe reward will be given for each, on their being confined in any gaol or workhouse in this island, by applying to Mr. Charles Loughnan, Porus Estate, Clarendon, or GEORGE PERRY.

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161 25 August 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Belvidere Ran away, from the Subscribers, a Negro man named HARRY, of a very black comple xion, pitted slightly with the smallpox, about 5 ft. 9 in. high, exceedingly well made, and stammers in his speech. He is from Barbados, and formerly belonged to DAVID SHAKESPEARE Esq. Supposed to have gone towards St. Elizabeth. Whoever will secure said Negro and lodge him in any workhouse or county gaol in this island shall be thankfully rewarded. DUNBAR & REID. 30 August 1793 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Ran away, from Killbryde settlement adjoining New Canaan Estate in this parish a new Negro, suppos ed to be of the Canga country, named LONDON, has no mark, is of a yellow complexion, and something particular in his lips. He was lately bought at Montego Bay from Messrs. BARRETT & PARKINSON. Any person apprehending said Negro, and sending him to the Subs criber at MarthaBrae, or to Mr. James Sharpe at New Canaan Estate, or will lodge him in a workhouse, shall be most thankfully rewarded. ROBERT HERON. 6 September 1793 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Ran away, from Leogan Estate, in this parish, a Negro man named SMALLHOPES, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, a creole, and marked on the left shoulder I F Also, about a month ago, an elderly Negro woman named MAZARINE, about 5 ft. 7 in. high, a creole, and marked on both cheeks R ; formerly belonged to ROBERT FOWLER Esq A suitable reward will be given to whoever delivers them to the overseer on said Estate. 24 September 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Ran away, from Mount Edgcumbe Penn in this parish, a Negro man named ISHMAEL, yellow complexion, and about 35 or 36 years of age; was formerly purchased out of Westmoreland Workhouse by a Mr. DIXON, and by him sold to Mr. WOODBINE and being a very sensible, artful fellow may endeavour to pass for a free man. Five pounds reward will be given for apprehending him, on application and delivery of the Negro to William Daggers, Esq., Kingston, Mr. James Black, Trelawny, Mr. Fannin, Montego Bay, or Mr. William Lyon, Savanna la Mar. D. GOODLETT.

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162 3 November 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Taken up, the 10th day of October, a new Negro BOY of the Eboe country, cannot speak English; he has since had the smallpox, but is now perfectly cured. The owner may have him on proving property, and paying expenses, by applying at the shop of Mr. THOMAS WILKIE, blacksmith. 11 November 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Absconded, on the 23rd of September last from the Retreat Estate in this parish, MARCUS, a new Negro man of the Eboe country, about 5 ft. 4 in. high, slim made, of a yellow complexion, has some of his country marks on his face, and is marked on the left shoulder I W R on top; had on when he went away an oznaburg frock and a hat. Any person taking up said Negro, or giving information to the Printer hereof, where he may be found, w ill be thankfully rewarded. 16 Decem ber 1793 Cornwall Chronicle Crawle Estate, St. James Five Pounds reward for each Negro. Ran away, from this Estate last January a tall, lusty Negro man, named BOATSWAIN, of the Congo country, a mason and boiler by trade; he formerly belonged to RICHARD SAM UELLS dec., is remarkable for attending Negro plays, where he makes use of several feats of activity, for which his company is courted by the Negroes on several estates.50 He passes now for a free Negro, and has been seen lately at Cambridge, Oxford, Georg ia, and Hyde Hall estates, in Trelawny.The Subscriber considers him a dangerous Negro on any estate, very capable of inculcating mischievous ideas in other Negroes. The above reward will be paid to any person lodging the said Negro in any gaol or workhouse in this island, giving information to the Subscriber. Also, ran away, about eighteen months ago, a short, lusty, yellow skin Negro woman named MOLL, of the Mayow country, leased by the Subscriber from Mr. JAMES CROOKS It is imagined she is harboured at W ater Valley Estate, in Trelawny, by a Negro man who was formerly her husband at Hampden Estate, by some of her shipmates, or at Falmouth. The above reward will be paid to any person lodging the said Negro woman in any gaol or workhouse in this island, givi ng information to the Subscriber; a further reward of six Guineas will be given to any person, proving to conviction her being harboured, if by a white person; three Guineas if by a person of color; and two Guineas if by a Negro. HENRY THORNHILL GIBBES. 50 See, for example, Hall, In Miserable Slavery p.18.

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163 1794 1 March 1794 Cornwall Chronicle Savanna la Mar Absconded, about a fortnight ago a stout, young mulatto man named JUNIUS, belonging to the Subscriber, and apprentice to Messrs. Fraser, Dunbar, and Falconer. He is about 20 years of age, left handed, and has remarkable large feet. Five Pounds reward will be given to any person for apprehending and lodging him in an gaol or workhouse, on application to the Printer hereof, or to HUGH JAMES. 7 March 1794 Cornwall Chronicle Spring Mount Ran away, on the 1s t instant a very stout Negro man, named NED, a Moco very yellow and might be taken for a fair sambo or mulatto, speaks very low and mild, supposed to be marked R Also HERCULES, an Eboe marked R S ; RODNEY, an Eboe marked R H the R reversed. GARRICK, a Canga marked R H the R reversed. One Guinea reward for Ned, and a Pistole for each of the others, will be given on their being delivered. RICH. HEATH. 28 March 1794 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Ran away, from the Subscriber on Tuesday the 25th insta nt, a Negro woman named POLLY, of the Moco country, marked I W on both shoulders. Whoever will lodge her in the workhouse shall receive a Pistole reward, on applying to JOHN WATSON. 8 May 1794 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay Absconded, from the Subscriber in March last a Negro man, named JEMMY, about 27 years old, of an open countenance, speaks well, and very plausible; has been in the country from his youth, is about 5 ft. 8 in. high, well made and active, by trade a carpenter, and marked on one of his sh oulders C W He is well known in the country, frequently travelling for fat cattle. Forty Shillings reward will be paid for securing him in any workhouse in this island, by COLIN WATSON. 13 May 1794 Cornwall Chronicle

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164 To the Maroons and others A reward o f a Half Joe for each of the following new Negro men, named SAM and TOM, who ran away in January last from MountainValley Estate in the parish of Hanover. They are of the Congo country, marked on the right shoulders I C on top, the heart reversed; being marked shortly before they went away, it may be a little defaced; they are now ten months in the country. Sam had many yaw marks on different parts of his body, and Tom has a remarkable scar on his left hand from the cut of a bill. The above reward will be paid on application to the overseer on MountainValley, Mr. William Lyon, Savanna la Mar, or the Subscriber at Prospect Hill, Westmoreland; if proved that they are harboured by any person, a Joe reward will be given by applying as above. JOHN COLHOUN. 17 June 1794 Cornwall Chronicle Notice is hereby given to ARTHUR MIDDLETON, and whomsoever it may concern, that a Negro man named BURK, left at Stretch and Set Plantation, by the said Mr. Middleton, is run away. He is abo ut 5 ft. 9 or 10 in. high, well made, and marked on the right shoulder S M CHARLES P. APFELL. 20 June 1794 Cornwall Chronicle Absconded, from Harding Hall Estate in Hanover on Monday the 2nd instant, a Negro man of the Coromantee country named SMART. H e is very black, slim made, and marked on one of his shoulders A M C inverted; he is a cooper and well known in Trelawny. Any person delivering him to Mr. ALEXANDER DAVIDSON, Montego Bay, Mr. James Galloway, Falmouth, or Mr. William Taylor, Duncan s, shall receive a Half Joe reward. 20 June 1794 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Ran away, from Rose Mount Penn, a new Negro man named LONDON, country unknown, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, marked on the right shoulder I F A Half Joe reward will be given, on lodging him in the workhouse, or delivering him to the Subscriber. A. S. FINDLATER. 17 July 1794 Cornwall Chronicle Campbleton Ran away, the 7th instant, three new Negro men named and marked as follows: BOB and JASON, marked C C; and QUICK marked D McF They had on oznaburg frocks when they absconded, and each of them a blanket. A Pistole reward will be given for taking up either of said Negroes,

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165 on delivery to the Subscriber or securing them in any gaol or workhouse. COLIN CAMPBELL. 18 July 1794 Cornwall Chronicl e Spring Garden, St. James Ran away, from this estate about three weeks ago, a creole Negro man named AUSTIN. He is rather elderly, has a thick beard, is marked on the right shoulder D K in one, and also E R, and has lost part of one of his ears, from the bite of a Negro woman. He formerly belonged to Mr. JOHN BOON, and is supposed to be harboured about the vicinity of Long Bay. Whoever takes up the said Negro man and lodges him in any workhouse, or delivers him to JAMES LYON, Esq., at Falmouth, to the Proprietor, on the above Estate, or to the Printer hereof, shall receive five Pounds reward; and if proved by whom harboured, or concealed, on conviction of the offender, shall receive fifty Pounds. 25 September 1794 Cornwall Chronicle Lucea Lost, on Sunday last from Mr. Gray s, a new Negro woman, a Congo, has no marks but those of her country, and two ring worms on the back of her left hand, speaks a little English, and answers to the name of CHLOE, which is marked on an oznaburg shift and petticoat she had on when she went away. It is supposed she is gone into the country, and unable to find her way back again, or has been inveigled by some of her own country. A Pistole reward will be given to whoever lodges her in the workhouse, or delivers her at the stor e of Messrs. NATH. and GEORGE GRAY. 12 November 1794 Cornwall Chronicle Hartfield, St. James Ran away, on the 12th of February last, the following Negroes, CRAIGIE, HAMILTON, and ANDERSON, have been about two years and a half in the country, and are marked on the right shoulder I I. Were in good condition when they absconded, are stout and about the same height, 5 ft. 6 in. high. Craigie is strongly marked in the face with the smallpox, the other two have their country marks in the face. When they went aw ay they could speak very little English. Whoever will lodge them in any workhouse in this island, giving information to the proprietor or overseer on the above Estate, will be very handsomely rewarded. 20 December 1794 Cornwall Chronicle Montego Bay

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166 Ran away, about ten days ago, a Negro man named RICHMOND but is called by Negroes LISBON belonging to the estate of JOHN EMSLIE dec. He is about 5 ft. 6 in. high, stout made, yellow complexion, and is very artful. A Half Joe reward will be paid to any person securing him, or giving information to Mr. James Rankine, near Moor Park Estate, or to JOHN INGRAM. 1795 12 February 1795 Cornwall Chronicle Williamsfield Estate, Hanover Ran away, about ten days ago three stout, new Negro men, who have been seven or eight months in the country, and answer to the names of PITT, CATO, and CAESAR, are of the Congo country, without brandmark, and had on when they went away oznaburg frocks. Pitt had a small sore on one of his legs. A Pistole reward will be given for each, and all reasonable charges paid, to any person that will lodge them in any gaol or workhouse, deliver them to Mr. Daniel MacIntyre, Montego Bay, or the Subscriber at the above Estate. JAMES McNAB. 25 February 1795 Cornwall Chronicle Ran away, from the S ubscriber, a short thick set new Negro man, speaks very little English but answers to the name of BRUTUS. A suitable reward will be given to whoever apprehends the said Negro, by applying at the store of Alex. Longlands, or at Musquito Cove Estate, Hanover to ANDREW SPINK. 6 March 1795 Cornwall Chronicle St. James Ran away, in September 1792, a Negro man named LONDON, marked I F supposed to be on the right shoulder, about 5 ft. 5 in. high, speaks little English, his country unknown. Whoever gives inform ation of the above Negro, so that he may be recovered by the Subscriber, shall receive a Half Joe reward. A. S. FINDLATER. 1 April 1795 Cornwall Chronicle Trelawny Ran away, from Swanswick Estate in this parish on the 10th of February last, a creole Negr o man slave, named CHARLES, about 5 ft. 6 in. high, and 30 years of age, formerly the property of THOMAS GREY GABAUDON, Esq., late of Dry Harbour, dec. He speaks good English, is a

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167 mason by trade, but works sometimes as a tailor, in which latter capacity it is probable he may employ himself, and attempt to pass as a free man, being a cunning, artful fellow; is very remarkable, his left heel and inside of one knee being quite white, from sores or burning, and has large whiskers. It is supposed he may be harboured about Dry Harbour, Orange Valley, or Hyde Park in St. Ann. Whoever apprehends and lodges him in any gaol or workhouse, or delivers him to the overseer at Swanswick, shall receive a Half Joe reward, and all reasonable expenses. All persons are hereby cautioned against harbouring or detaining said slave, on pain of being prosecuted. JOHN WHITTAKE. 12 April 1795 Cornwall Chronicle Craigie, St. Elizabeth Ran away, about ten days since, a Negro man named QUASHIE, a Coromantee about 5 ft. 9 in. high, ver y stout, and much pitted with the smallpox, has two small sores under his right wrist. Also a Negro woman named JULIET, has a sore on the fleshy part of her right arm, and marked on the right shoulder I H M; she is supposed to be about Montego Bay or Falmouth. Likewise a Negro woman named UNITY FANNY, who has a very cross look. Any person giving information where the above Negroes, or either of them, are concealed, shall receive a suitable reward, by applying to the Pinter hereof, Alexander Hawthorn, Esq., Falmouth, or to the Subscriber. WILLIAM PITTER. 5 May 1795 Cornwall Chronicle Ran away, from the Subscriber about a month ago a mulatto man, named JAMES BEARD, by trade a carpenter, stout and well made, about 35 years of age, with lighter coloured eyes t han the mulattoes usually have, has somewhat the look of a Spaniard, is sensible and artful, and may perhaps attempt to pass for a free man. Any person apprehending the above runaway and lodging him in any gaol or workhouse in this island, shall be entited to a Half Joe, on application to William Cruickshanks, Esq., Kingston; James Fannin, Montego Bay, or the Subscriber in Westmoreland. Captains of ships and others are cautioned against employing this man, or any other who cannot produce a proper certificat e of freedom. HUGH JAMES. 14 May 1795 Cornwall Chronicle Spanish Town Ten Pounds reward. Ran away, from the late THOMAS MYERS Esq., the 17th of August 1782 a Negro man slave, named PATRICK, and sometimes called MR. TAYLOR by the Negroes. He is a creole of this island, about 5 ft. 10 or 11 in. high, formerly marked on the right shoulder I M, and lived some years with Mr. McGilvera, when he kept a tavern at Lucea Bay, afterwards lived with Duncan Campbell, Esq., near Lucea; he was once in America and can t ell a plausible story about that country. He has not nails on his great toes, and when he went away, has spots on his face

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168 called shirten clouts. He once lived with the late Mr. Wardlow, attorney at law, from whom he was recovered in 1778; he has been frequently seen working in a boat at Long Wharf, Lucea, within these twelve months. The above reward will be given upon loding him in any gaol or workhouse in this island; and twenty five Pounds to any person proving to conviction, if harboured by any white pe rson, and ten pounds if by a free person of colour. GEORGE COOKE. 1 June 1795 Cornwall Chronicle Westmoreland Twenty Pounds reward. Absconded, some weeks ago from the care of the Subscriber, a young creole Negro man slave, about 18 years of age, 5 ft. 9 in. high, very black complexion, named ETON, alias MONKEY, being part of a property in Negroes belonging to DENNIS JOHN MYRIE JAMES an infant under age. Whoever either lodges the above slave in any workhouse in this island, or delivers him to Messrs. Rose and Foy, merchants, Savanna la Mar, will receive, on application to them, a reward of five Pounds. But as it is supposed that the above slave is wantonly and willfully detained by some person or persons somewhere about the upper part of the parish of Hanover, any person who will bring to conviction such person or persons detaining or harbouring the said slave, shall be entitled to the above reward of twenty Pounds, if the offender be a white person, and ten Pounds if a person of colour, by applying as above, or to the Subscriber. JACOB SMITH. 14 June 1795 Cornwall Chronicle Ten Pounds reward. Absconded, from on board the brig Governor Wentworth, John Jones master, a [ creole] Negro man slave named TONEY, a native of St. Kitts or Nevis, about 35 years of ag e, 5 ft. 8 or 9 in. high, well made, speaks good English, has a morose and ill countenance; will probably endeavour to pass for a free Negro. Whoever will apprehend and secure him in any part of this island, giving information to Mr. Fannin, or Capt. Jones on this bay, or Messrs. Shaw, Inglis, and Holt, Kingston, will receive the above reward. As a slave, it is hoped that all commanders of vessels will guard against employing the above Negro. ( Capt. JOHN JONES) [sic]. Part 2: Workhouse Lists (17731795) 1773 Black River Gaol, 1773. [CC] DOCTOR QUASHIE, to CLARKE in Clarendon or St. David. 11/22

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169 1774 St. Ann Gaol. [JM] QUASHIE, belongs to Mr. ELLIS, has been in gaol six years. [1768] MARY, says she belongs to MARY COOK a free mulatto, has been in ga ol six years. [1768] 1776 Montego Bay Gaol 1776.51 [CC] ANDREW, to the King. 9/6 TOM, to the King. 9/6 PRINCE, to the King. 9/6 KATE, to the King. 9/6 BOATSWAIN, to REID. 9/6 SAM, to REID. 9/6 SAM, to ALLEN THOMSON, marked C on the right shoulder, unknown [sic]. 9/6 QUAW, to R. GRAY. 9/6 ROBIN, to WALTER MURRAY. 9/6 HARRY, to WALTER MURRAY. 9/652 [NONAME], new Negro, master unknown, marked T B CAESAR, new Negro, master unknown. 9/6 BACCHUS, new Negro, master unknown. 9/6 DUBLI N, new Negro, master unknown. 9/6 51 No date of incarceration given; date is that of publication. 52 See also Trelawney Workhouse, 1782. [CC] HARRY, to WALTER MURRAY. 6/8

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170 YORK, to JACKSON. 9/6 JASPER, to IRVING. 9/6 TRIM, to IRVING. 9/6 [NONAME], new Negro, man, master unknown, no mark. 9/6 [NONAME], new Negro, to GAYNER, Senr., marked I G 9/6 PRUE, to Tryal Estate. 9/6 QUAW, to L AWRENCE. 9/6 [NONAME], new Negro, master unknown, marked W M 9/6 BLACKBEARD, master unknown. 9/6 Savanna la Mar Gaol, 1776. [CC] CHLOE, owner unknown. 3/6 JUBA, owner unknown. 3/6 QUAMIN, to PUSEY. 6/7 ANTHONY, to CROSS. 6/13 QUACO, owner unknown. 8/22 [NONAME], new Negro, owner unknown. 11/25 [NONAME], new Negro, owner unknown. 12/4 MULATTO CHARLES, to FITHY. 12/9 SWIFT, to SANDERS. 12/24 1777 Kingston Gaol, 1777. [JM] QUASHIE, to Mr. BOSNER. 5/28

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171 COLIN, to Mr. KELFALL. 6/1 MOLL, to Mr MIDDLETON. 7/27 LIVERPOOL, to SIMON TAYLOR, Esq. 9/21 DIANA, to Mr. LOPES. 9/27 SARAH, and CHILD, to Mr. WILKINS. 11/10 PEDRO DE PUY, says he is free. 12/14 CHANCE, to Mrs. YOUNG. 12/31 Lucea Gaol 1777.53 [CC] CHARLES, to PETER BECKFORD, Esq. 3/19 JOHN, to WAUGH. 3/19 OLD JOE, a Coromantee, run away from Clarendon gaol. 3/19 DAMON, alias HAMLET, to T. H. BARRET. 3/19 TOM, a creole, formerly the property of a mulatto man. 3/19 QUAMINA, to VASSAL. 3/19 ROSETTA, to HENRY CONIFFE, Esq. 3/19 HAML ET, to HENRY CONIFFE, Esq. 3/19 DICK, a Brass pan Negro, will not tell his masters name. 3/19 TOM, a Breechee [Igbo] Negro, to BLAKE. 3/19 CUFFEE, to SIMSON. 3/19 CHARLES, to the King. 3/19 BRISTOL, to Col. REID. 3/19 53 No date of incarceration given; date is that of publication.

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172 POMPEY, to GUTHRIE. 3/19 DIDO, to KENTISH. 3/19 NOBLE, to WESTON. 3/19 JEMMY, to FRAZER. 3/19 BETTY, to JAMES. 3/19 CHARLES, to CUNNINGHAM. 3/19 SCOTLAND, master unknown, marked I B 3/19 WILL, to RUSEA. 3/19 BRUTUS, to RUSEA. 3/1954 CHRISTMAS, to LEWIS. 3/19 CUFFEE, says he be longs to CASEY. 3/19 CUPID, master unknown. 3/19 WILLIAM, says he is free. 9/3 Montego Bay Gaol 1777.55 [CC] [NONAME], a man, to MONTAGUE JAMES, Jr. 2/21 [NONAME], a man, to MONTAGUE JAMES, Jr. 2/21 TOBY, to MOTTERSHED. 2/21 FRANK, to DUESBURY. 2/ 21 LETTICE, to BONNER, Old Harbour. 2/21 54 See also Lucea Jail, 1779 [JM] BRUTUS, to Mr. W. RUSSEA, St. James. 6/10 See also Hanover Workhouse, 1785. [CC] BRUTUS, to RUSEA, St. James. 10/24 55 No date of incar ceration given; date is that of publication.

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173 SALLY, a mulatto, to RUDD. 2/21 SALLY, to BLAGROVE. 2/21 SALLY, and her child CUDJOE, to BRYAN. 2/21 DIOGENES, to Dr. CREATON. 2/21 SAMPSON, to Dr. THANE. 2/21 CORK, to MORRIS. 2/21 [NONAME], a Negro man, owner unknown, marked D S 2/21 CUFFEE, to RITCHIE. 2/21 HAZARD, to CROWDER. 2/21 CUFFEE, to BAILEY at Westmoreland. 2/21 QUACO, to HORLOCK. 2/21 BILLY, to CLARKE of Kingston, dec. 2/21 CAESAR, to CLARKE of Kingston, dec. 2/21 GEORGE, to PECKMAN of P ort Morant. 2/21 ADAM, owner unknown. 2/21 SAM, to ALLEN of St. Ann. 2/21 MUNGO, to FULLERTON, dec. 2/21 Portland Gaol, 1777. [JM] CUDJOE, to J. RADON, St. Ann, marked I R 2 on top, disfigured in the face by having his nose cut. 3/10 PATRICK, a Coro mantee, master unknown, no marks but those of his country. 8/2

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174 BONNY, a Mocho [Moco], master unknown, marked R A, very blind [mark].56 8/7 CYRUS, a Mocho [Moco], master unknown, marked R A, very blind [mark].57 8/7 Savanna la Mar Gaol, 1777. [CC] GEORGE, owner unknown, 1/23 BILLY, owner unknown, 1/23 PHYLLIS, to BOSLEY. 2/10 [NONAME], a new Negro, owner unknown, marked S B 2/20 JENNY, to ALBANY. 2/22 SYLVIA, owner unknown, marked R R. 2/23 JOHN, to Coby Estate. 2/26 St. Ann Gaol, 1777. [JM] [NONAME], of the Mundingo country, a new Negro, master unknown, no brandmark. 7/28 1778 Black River Gaol, 1778. [CC] CHARLES, to VERNON or LOPEZ, Kingston. 11/19 1779 Black River Gaol, 1779. [CC] BILL, to RAMSEY, Kingston. 2/23 QUACO, to GREAVES. 3/16 ANDREW, to GREGORY or DIGGER, Clarendon or St. James. 3/30 56 i.e., brand mark is obscured or faded. 57 i.e., brand mark is obscured or faded.

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175 CANDIS, to INGLIS, or estate of COOPER, St. Elizabeth. 5/3 NANCY, to FULLERTON, marked I L 10/18 DICK, to Musquito Fort, Kings broad arrow [sic]. 11/16 NELLY, to Mr. HARRIS a carpenter at L iguanea, marked W M, E on top. 11/16 PEACOCK, to JOHN GREAVES. 11/16 Kingston Gaol, 1779. [JM] CATALINA, to MOORE and HOBKIRK. 3/5 ROSE, to Mrs. REAVE. 3/5 JACK, to Mr. BUCHANAN, marked I B 3/7 CAESAR, to Mr. SWARBRECK. 3/8 FRANK, to M. EWERS. 3/10 CATO, to Mr. HOWELL. 3/10 SAM LISTON, a mulatto, to the Rev. Mr. SCOTT. 3/12 BRITON, to Mr. JAMES FERGUSON. 3/16 JEMMY, to Mr. JOHN MUNIO. 4/3 MARCH, to Mr. PALCO. 4/11 CRETIA, and her four children [CHILD] [CHILD] [CHILD] [CHILD], to Mr. McGLASHAN. 5/7 MOLLY, to Serge Island Estate. 5/19 LEVANT, to Mr. THOMAS. 5/24 CHANCE, to Mr. LOWE. 6/3 SAMPSON, to Mr. T.C. JOHNSON. 6/4 JOE RIPLEY, alias BEN, says he is free. 6/7

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176 MARIA, to Mrs. FLAMINGO. 6/7 ROGER and JOE, to Mr. HARRIS. 6/19 DICK, to Mr. YUELL. 6/24 JOHN, to Mr. MURRAY. 6/26 LUCINDA, to the King. 6/28 TOM, to the King. 6/30 ANTHONY, to Mr. MILLWARD. 7/3 BOATSWAIN, to Mr. ACRIEN. 7/4 HANNIBAL, to Mr. GEORGE McFARQUHAR, marked G M F 7/10 CASTILLA, to Dr. WATERMAN. 7/13 MOLLY, to th e King. 7/16 AMEY, to Mrs. CURTIN. 7/16 BESSY, to Mrs. CORINALDI. 7/16 SILVER, to Mr. SHIRLEY. 7/20 STREPHON, to Mr. STEVENS. 7/21 WILL, to Mr. WILLIAMS. 7/21 BACCHUS, to Mr. THOMSON. 7/21 CLARISSA, to Mr. GRANT. 7/22 SARAH, to BESSY TIOBY. 7/23 N ED, to Mr. HARRIS. 7/24 DENT, to Providence Estate. 7/25 QUASHIE, to Mr. LIVINGSTON. 7/25

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177 NORA, to Mr. CORTINA. 7/25 SALLY, to Mr. BELL. 7/25 DOVER, to Capt. SPARRE, marked SPARR. 7/26 NED, to Mr. McCALLA. 7/28 BESSY, to Mr. McCALLA. 8/4 SURRY, to Mr. HARRIS. 8/6 MINTAS, to Mr. HENLEY. 8/6 JOHN, to Capt. JONES. 8/10 JAMES, to the King. 8/15 WILL, to Dr. BELL. 9/2 HAMLET, to Mr. REID. 9/2 NANNY, to PETER DALLAS. 9/4 SUSANNAH, to ABRAHAM AGUILAR. 9/5 PERO, to the King, marked X P. 9/8 COOKE, to Mr. HORN. 9/18 JAMES, to Mr. HENDERSON, St. George. 9/21 JACK, to Mr. WILLIAM GRAY. 9/24 SILVIA, to Mr. WRAY. 9/26 CAESAR, to Mr. GRIERTON. 9/28 TOM, to Mr. PINNOCK. 9/29 NED, to Mount Prospect Estate. 10/5 RALPH, to JAMES FRASER. 10/6

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178 LONDON, t o Mr. COLBURN. 10/7 GEORGE, to Mr. WILLIAMS. 10/9 LUCKY, to Mr. TRIMMELL. 10/9 GEORGE, to Mr. PHIPPS. 10/10 FORRESTER, to the King. 10/11 CANDIS, to Mr. COPPELL. 10/11 JOE, to Mr. INNES. 10/12 HARRY, to Mr. BEDHARD. 10/12 SAM, to JANE GRANT. 10/13 JULIUS, to Mr. [illegible]. 10/14 JACKY, to Mr. DALHOUSE. 10/15 CHLOE, to Mr. HOLDEN. 10/18 BOB, to Mr. BRAILSTORD. 10/19 NORA, to Mr. WILKINS. 10/20 COLIN, to Mr. CHRISTIE. 10/21 ADAM, to Mr. TRACEY. 10/22 OTHELLO, to PHILIP COX. 10/24 PATIENCE, to Mr. HOLDEN. 10/25 JEMMY, to Mr. BENSON. 10/25 JACK, to JOHN FORSYTH. 10/25 HOISA, MATTY, and ANTONIO, call the Col. McLEAN. 10/28 CUFFEE, to Cocoa Walk Estate. 10/30

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179 ROBIN, to Mr. WILLIAM GRAY. 10/30 CASTALIO, to Mr. LAW. 10/31 CLYTUS, to Mr. J. SEQUIRA. 11/1 JACK, to Mr. TAYLOR. 11/2 DAPHNE, to Mr. RUIZ. 11/2 PHILLIS, to Water Work Estate, marked W W 11/3 RUTHY, a mulatto, and MOLLY a mulatto, to Mr. READ. 11/5 WINDSOR, to Mr. McCONACHY. 11/5 POMPEY, to Mr. THOMAS. 11/5 DICK, to Mr. CAR PENTER. 11/6 DICK, to ANDREW SMITH, dec. 11/6 KATE, to Mrs. MANNING. 11/7 LUCINDA, to Mr. WILKINS. 11/7 LEWIS, to the King. 11/8 QUACO, to Mr. HOME. 11/8 [NONAME], a new Negro, marked R W on both breasts and both shoulders. 11/8 CUFFEE, to Capt. JOHNSON, marked D I 11/9 MARY, a mulatto, and her CHILD, to Mr. BREON. 11/9 JUDY, to Mr. McCALLA. 11/10 FANNY, to Mr. WAUGH. 11/10 RANGER, to SALLY MORRIS. 11/11 TOM, to Mr. WILKINS. 11/11

PAGE 180

180 CUDJOE, to Mr. LONG, marked R L 11/12 CHUCKY, to Mr. GRAY. 11/12 JULY, FANNY and her daughter NANNY, to P. CONCANNON. 11/12 MARIA, to Mrs. STEWART. 11/13 DOLLY, a mulatto, to Mr. BREON. 11/13 TOM TUCKER, to Mr. COCKBURN. 11/14 NED, Spring Garden Plantation.58 11/14 GLASGOW, to Sir CHARLES PRICE. 11/15 TOBY, to Mr. JOSEPH CURTIS. 11/15 SAMPSON, to Mr. SHILLINGFORD, marked F S 11/16 BRENTFORD, to JAMES SCOTT, dec. 11/16 SAM, to Mr. YOUNGE. 11/20 QUAW, to Mr. HALFSTEAD, dec. 11/20 HIBBERT, to Mrs. ATKINSON. 11/20 ENGLAND, to R.R.W. REID. 11/20 BILLY, to Mrs. DISMORE. 11/21 POMPEY, to Mr. SINCLAIR, dec. 11/21 SUCKY, to Mr. HUMPHREYS. 11/21 BETTY and MOLLY, to PEREIRAs. 11/22 QUASHIE, to Mrs. TYNDALE. 11/22 BILLY, to Mr. HARRIS. 11/22 58 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.268.

PAGE 181

181 SMART, to Mr. STENHOUSE. 11/23 DUBLIN, to Mr. REID. 11/23 PEGGY, to Mr. CROSS. 11/23 AIR, to Mr. BLACKWOOD. 11/24 HECTOR, to Mr. HORLOCK. 11/25 OTHELLO, to Mr. RUNNY. 11/25 PATIENCE, to Mr. PUSEY. 11/25 LONDON, to Mr. GUTTERES. 11/26 KENT, to SMITH and LEIGH. 11/26 CUFFEE, to Mr. HERRIER. 11/26 SUCKY, to Mr. P ERIERA. 11/27 PRINCE, to Mr. McKENZIE, marked W E 11/27 TOWNSIDE, to Mr. JOHN REID. 11/27 TOBY, to ABRAHAM SANCHES. 11/27 TIM, to Mr. CURTIS. 11/27 ALLEN, to Mr. BOGGS. 11/27 JOSEPH, to Mr. CALVO. 11/28 DAVY, to Mr. FALLON. 11/28 PETER, to Col. DO NOHEW, marked R D 11/29 FIFE, to Mr. SUGDEN. 11/29 POMPEY, to ELIZABETH BARROW. 11/29 WICKLOWE, to Mr. BYRNE. 11/29

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182 QUACO, to Mr. LAING. 11/29 WILL, to Mr. HUEY. 11/30 SICKSAM, to Mr. CARPENTER. 11/30 BIDDY, to BESSY NEEDHAM. 11/30 JEMMY, and RANGER both to Mr. ATTLAY. 11/30 TOM, to Capt. HARDY. 11/30 PHOEBA, to Dr. MOODY. 11/30 STEPNEY, to FITZGERALD, marked H N 12/1 PULLEN, to GEORGE ARMSTRONG.12/1 ROGER, to Mr. SMITH. 12/2 BEN, CYRUS, and BRITON, all three to the King. 12/2 CUFFEE, to LA ING. 12/2 SAMPSON, to BECKFORD. 12/2 ROGER, to LAFEELIES. 12/2 WILL, owner unknown, marked F B JACK, to BARNES. 12/2 Lucea Jail, 1779. [JM] BOB, to Mr. BRERETON, Kingston. 2/15 JACK, to Mr. PICKAR of Antigua. 5/10 LONDON, to Mr. W. RUSSEA St. James. 5/20 CAESAR, to Col. THOMAS REID, Trelawny. 7/7 JACK, to Mr. JONES, Bluehole Estate, St. James. 11/10

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183 SAM, to Mr. JOHN CARRY, Duncans. 11/12 PAGE, to Mr. THOMAS HOGG, Black River. 11/12 DUKE, to Mr. CHARLES STERLING, St. Ann. 11/12 QUASHY, to Mr. JOHN SPENCER. 11/12 Portland Gaol, 1779. [JM] ALMAN, a Papaw [Popo], master unknown, marked D E 3/10 HAMSHIRE, a Papaw, master unknown, marked D E 3/10 LACKEY, to the estate of RIDER, dec., scar on the breast. 3/20 TIM, a Noggoe [Na go], master unknown, marked F D 3/24 BEN, a Noggoe [Nago], master unknown, marked F D 3/24 BILLY, a Mocho [Moco], wont tell his masters name, blind mark 6/20 6/20 St. Ann Gaol, 1779. [JM] CHARLES, alias ARCHY, to WILLIAM ELPAINSTON, Esq. 4/1 MOLL, to Mr. HENLY, marked P H 5/6 MOLE, to the estate of Colonel HANION, dec., marked P H 5/6 PATRICK, to Mr. HOWELL, Clarendon. 5/20 JEMMY, says he belonged to the King, and had been a considerable time in Clarendon Jail. 7/4 PRIMUS, belongs to DUNKY, marked A D 7/7 PEDRO, says he belongs to Mr. SMITH of Clarendon, marked B or some such mark. 8/30 VENUS, to DAVIS. 9/21 SHANDY, marked on the right shoulder O 10/15

PAGE 184

184 DIDO, master unknown, marked on the right shoulder P 12/10 JAMES, marked C R 12/23 1780 Black River Gaol, 1780. [CC] CUPID, to RANKIN, St. Elizabeth. 6/26 SALLY, and YORK her child about 7 years old, to Harmony Hall Estate, Vere. 8/17 SCOTLAND, a new Negro, says he has been away 10 years, marked W A 8/24 HENRY, or WILLIAM, to TUCKER, St. Ann. 10/22 ROBIN and QUAMINA, to Dr. DYKEN, Port Antonio, or NIMHART, St. Mary. 10/22 Kingston Workhouse, 1780. [CC] MONKEY, to the King. 6/30 MarthaB rae Gaol, 1780. [CC] SUCKEY, to RIPLEY. 9/1 WILLIAM, to ARCHER. 9/30 TOM, to FURTADO. 12/22 DAGO to VAUGHAN. 12/27 Portland Gaol, 1780. [JM] QUAW, to Goldengrove Estate, St. George. 1/3 LEITH, to RICH. BRISSETT, Esq., Trelawny. 1/10 DANIEL, a mulatt o, to Capt. JOHN JAMES, Trelawny. 1/21 St. Ann Gaol, 1780. [JM] PERE, says he belongs to Mrs. GOBURN, no brandmarks. 1/25

PAGE 185

185 BEN, marked N F S on top. 1/25 JAMES, belongs to Mr. JONES, marked L 1/25 DANIEL, says he belongs to Mrs. WYNTER, marked 3. 1/ 29 GEORGE, to Mr. PHILIPS, no brandmark. 1/29 JUPITER, to Mr. REID, no brandmark. 2/4 DICK, to Mr. STIRLING. 2/4 QUAMINA, to JACOB COLE, marked I C 4 on top. 2/10 TORBAY, to EDMUND KELLY, marked on both breasts Z B 2/10 1781 Black River Gaol, 1 781. [CC] QUASHIE, or CASSANDRA [sic], to Dr. LEDWICH, Golden Grove, or T.H. BARRETT. 1/21 OBEAH, or OBID, a Moco, to FURRIT, St. James. 1/21 ISHMAEL, to MORRIS, Martha Brae. 1/2459 DICK, to CLARKE, Clarendon or St. David. 3/4 BOB, to ROME, surveyor at Withywood. 3/6 THYMAS [sic], to Capt. HAY or WHITE, Green Island. 4/24 ADAM, to CLARKE or CHRISTIAN. 5/21 CUDJOE, to IRWIN TOWER, St. Ann. 5/21 TOM, to BROWN at Cockburns, Kingston. 6/14 SAM, to CRESSE or PRIEST, St. James, marked WP B 6/16 59 See also Black River Workhouse, 1782 [CC] ISHMAEL, to WILLIAM MORRIS, Mart ha Brae. 10/20

PAGE 186

186 GRACE, to WATSON, St. Elizabeth. 6/18 HANNAH, to Haughtons Kitty. 6/30 ABBA, to PARIS, Hanover. 7/7 FUSCA, to DUNN, Westmoreland. 7/7 CHELSEA, to MILCHAM. 7/7 MARIA and CHILD to JACKSON, St. James. 7/7 CHESTER, to Pepper Penn, St. Elizabeth. 7/11 SARAH o r MIMBA, to CHAMBERS, Hanover. 7/13 LONDON or JOE, owner unknown. 7/17 REBECCA, to ADAIR. 7/20 JACK, to Dr. BROADBELT or Miss CHEER. 7/21 JAMES, to WILLIAM BERNARD, Montego Bay. 7/23 JEFFREY, to W. EMISS or DIGGER, Westmoreland, marked R R. 7/22 WIL TSHIRE, to SMITH a free mulatto, St. Mary. 7/22 QUACO or KWOAR, to Above Rocks. 9/26 NEPTUNE, to BARISSE, St. Mary. 9/27 GOODLUCK, to HOLLISTERs estate, Westmoreland. 11/14 HENRY, a mulatto, to the heirs of FRITH, Kingston. 12/28 Clarendon Workhouse 1781. [CC] HARRY, and CHARLES, owner unknown. 9/25 BOATSWAIN, to BURGESS. 10/18 DECEMBER, to THOMAS BROWN, Old Harbour. 12/10

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187 QUACO, to Murmuring Brook Estate, St. John. 12/10 OLD GEORGE, to JOHN SPENCER, St. Ann. 12/12 Kingston Workhouse, 1781. [C C] GEORGE, to HALDAME. 3/22 DUBLIN, to OSBORN, marked I O 4/30 JEMMY, to the King. 5/3 SARAH, to ALLEN. 5/14 SABIA, to HANSON. 5/25 JOE, to HARRIS. 5/31 DIAMOND, to COFFU, dec. 6/7 CHARITY, to the King, broad arrow [sic]. 6/22 GEORGE, to MILWARD, marked B 7/3 POMPEY, to MEAD. 7/6 ROMEO, owner unknown, marked W B 7/6 [NONAME], a new Negro, owner unknown, marked W 7/6 BOB, to CLAISON or CLAWSON. 7/21 JOHN, a mulatto, to WYNTER. 7/22 JOHN, to SURGEON, marked I B 7/31 JACK, to THOMAS, marke d I G 8/1 JAMES, to GALLIMORE, marked M G w on top. 8/6 TOBY, to CRAVOCK. 8/22 WILLIAM, to McKENZIE, marked S H 8/28

PAGE 188

188 JULIET, to CARGILL. 9/26 GRACE, to GILLYITT. 9/29 JAMES ROBINSON, says he is free. 10/15 LANCASTER, to WILSON. 10/19 JOHNNY, to MOHONNY. 10/23 MARINA, to WHITEHALL. 11/5 DORINDA, to ELLIS. 11/12 OXFORD, to CREAL, m arked on both cheeks and forehead I C 11/12 ROSETTA, to BRITON. 11/12 JACK, to LAURENCE. 12/18 CYRUS, to KELSELL. 12/18 GEORGE, to MQUINN. 12/24 QUASHIE, to ROSE. 12/24 CUDJOE, to LOWNER. 12/24 MarthaBrae Gaol, 1781. [CC] BETTY, to FLEMING. 1/8 RACHEL, owner unknown. 3/1 CUDJOE, to THOMAS. 3/4 HECTOR, to PIPER. 3/4 BETTY, to COX. 3/6 SUCKEY, owner unknown. 3/6

PAGE 189

189 CUFFEE, to HALL. 3/22 JEMMY, to BROOMFIELD. 3/29 PHILLIS, to Retreat Estate.60 4/10 JACKY, to DUFFUS. 4/11 NED, owner unknown. 4/ 22 SYLVIA, to ANDERSON. 5/2 TOM, to KENNEDY. 5/9 SAMBO, to SIMMS. 5/9 DICK, owner unknown, marked F H O 5/14 SARAH, owner unknown. 5/15 ROSE, to RUSEA. 5/28 GEORGE, to ODEMPSEY. 5/29 POMPEY, to Haughton Tower [Estate].61 6/14 MARCH, to ANDERSON. 6/24 BILLY, to SAMUELLS. 6/24 BOB, to JONES. 6/24 NIMROD, to VAUGHAN. 6/25 POLLY, her son [BOY], and JAMAICA, to CRESSE. 6/25 CUFFEE, to WILLIAM P. BROWNE. 6/29 PHEBE, to PARR. 7/9 60 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.138. 61 Ibid pp.278279.

PAGE 190

190 BRISTOL, to LAWRENCE. 7/13 [NONAME], a new Negro, marked G G. 7/26 JOHNNY, to RUSEA. 7/26 ADAM, to LAWRENCE. 7/29 SAM, to WEIR. 8/6 MORASS, and ALPHONSO, to SAVERY. 8/6 SIMON, says he is free. 8/7 TOBY, to BARNETT. 8/7 JACK, to ODEMPSEY. 8/10 HANDEL, to BEDWARD. 8/11 POLIDORE, to FOWLER. 8/16 MISS, to SAMUELL S. 8/16 JULIET, to MILBURN. 8/18 GLOSTER, to SPENCE. 8/18 SAM, to ALLAN. 8/22 QUAMINA, to Orange River, St. Mary.62 8/24 PATRICK, to HOWELL. 8/26 JOHN, to GREGORY. 8/26 PROVIDENCE, to BARNETT. 8/27 CUFFEE, to R.H. LAWRENCE. 8/27 WILLIAM, and SCRUB, to RUSEA. 9/7 62 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.245.

PAGE 191

191 AFFA, to MILLER. 9/8 HUSBAND, to GRAY. 9/8 BELINDA, to Castle Wemyss. 9/15 NEPTUNE, to J.L. WATT. 9/15 St. Ann Workhouse, 1781. [CC] DIDO, owner unknown. 5/3 BOSTON, to LARCHIN GORDON, Clarendon, marked C 5/3 NED, to PAPLAY. 6/23 C ORK, to COHALL, Duncans. 6/27 ABA, to CHARLES PRICE, marked C P 6/28 BOB, to ROBERT BRERETON, marked R S B on top. 7/7 BILLY, to Doctor GILLESPIE. 7/8 HARRY, to Doctor WESSE, marked W 7/18 PHILIP, to SACKES, Spanish Town. 7/27 CUFFEE, to SAMUEL S MITH. 8/6 GEORGE, to FAITH, marked W R 8/7 SAM, to ELIZABETH EVANS, Trelawny. 8/19 POMPEY, to ALEXANDER GORDON. 8/21 BACCHUS, to MURRAY, St. Mary. 8/24 JANUARY, to ARCH. CAMPBELL 8/2563 63 See also St. James Workhouse, 1781. [CC] JANUARY, to ARCH. CAMPBELL. 12/24

PAGE 192

192 FIDELIA, to Mrs. ULMOR. 8/26 JUPITER, to HARVEY. 8/29 LUCINDA, to ANDREW BURN, marked A B DENMARK, to HARLOCK. 9/1 GEORGE, to LEWIS, St. Mary. 9/3 GRACE, to ASHBURN, Stoney Hill. 9/3 HAZARD, to GALLIMORE, Trelawny. 9/5 OTHELLO, to Mrs. GORDON, St. Ann. 9/17 FRANK, to Fellowship Hall, St. Mary. 9/20 GEORGE, owner unknown. 9/25 CATO, to GORDON, marked M 1 M, M on top. 10/2 PRISCILLA, to GOMPAZ a Jew. 10/3 PRINCE WILLIAM, to JOHN WILLIAMS. 10/10 JOHNNY, to GALLEN. 10/11 JEREMIAH, to KNOWLES. 10/16 WILLIAM MATTHEWS, says he is free. 10/21 GREENWICH, to Swallowfield Est ate, Liguanea. 10/21 POMPEY, says he is free. 12/2 FRANCIS, to JOHN TAYLOR. 12/4 TOM, to FLAHERTY. 12/9 CHLOE, to JOHN DUN, marked I D 12/12 St. James Workhouse, 1781. [CC]

PAGE 193

193 SUSSEX, to Newman Hall Estate. 5/29 QUASHIE, owner unknown. 5/31 BILLY, to Mrs. LITCHFIELD. 6/11 DICK, to ANDREW MARTIN. 7/14 ROMEO, to estate of C. SNOWDEN. 7/14 ANDREW, to the King. 7/18 PRINCE, owner unknown. 7/25 TOBY, owner unknown. 7/25 JOE, to Fairfield Estate. 7/26 TRYALL, to Green Pond Estate. 7/26 PHILLIS, alia s CINDER, to CROOKS. 7/31 HARRY, to JOHN NIVAN. 8/1 WILL, to Mr. CAMPBELL. 8/3 ABRAHAM, to Green Pond. 8/5 QUAW, to HUGH BARNETT. 8/8 LAVINIA, to HUGH BARNETT. 8/8 BILLY, to WILLIAM BLAKE. 8/11 CAMBRIDGE, to BARTIBOE. 8/12 DANIEL, to JOHN STONE. 8/ 14 HECTOR, to WILLIAM STEVENSON. 8/20 ANTHONY, to Arcadia Estate. 8/27 QUAMINA, to MAT. PARIS. 8/27

PAGE 194

194 BETTY, to SHADRACH SCARLETT. 8/28 CUPID, to EDWARD LOVE. 8/28 SHARPE, to WILLIAM BROWN. 8/30 HECTOR, to Arcadia Estate. 8/31 MINGO, to Mr. ROBERTS. 9/14 JACK, to Colonel JAMES. 9/14 QUAW, to HUGH BARNETT. 9/1764 MOROCCO, to a Mr. HUNT, St. Thomas in the Vale. 10/9 YOWO, to Mr. MILLER, New London Estate. 10/12 JONEY, to SHADRACH SCARLETT. 10/31 [NONAME], a new Negro, owner unknown. 11/2 GEORGE, owner unknown. 11/4 MARLBOROUGH, to T. REID, Jr. 11/6 JULIUS, to the estate of ANDREW ODEMPSEY, dec. 11/9 OTHELLO, to RICHARD SAMUELS. 11/14 CUDJOE, to Retrieve Estate. 11/26 FORTUNE, to JOHN HILL, Hanover. 12/8 ADAM, to Mr. HUNT, Sixteen Mile Walk. 12/14 QUAW, to Mr. RIVINGTON, St. Mary. 12/14 POLAX, to Mr. MARSHALL, Eden Estate. 12/21 TOM, to ALEX. URQUHART. 12/28 64 Assumed to be non duplicative (based on different incarceration date), though may be same as Quaw incarcerated 8/8.

PAGE 195

195 Savanna la Mar Gaol, 1781. [CC] CATO, to KERR. 3/28 QUAMY, to KERR. 3/28 TAMERLANE, to BERNARD, marked C B 5/5 CUDJOE, to STODART. 6/5 CHARLOTTE, to NATHAN. 7/7 BETTY, to HAMILTON, marked G R H. 7/13 SARAH, to TURNER, marked R S 7/29 JEMMY, to MUSCHET. 8/13 BILLY, to SWABY. 8/28 MARY, to HAYS. 9/8 SMART, to ISAAC CRESSE or Glasgow Estate, St. James. 9/15 KATE, to JOHNSON. 9/17 JEMMY, to BYRNE. 9/17 SAM, to the Point Estate. 9/21 HESTER, to Georges Plain Estate. 65 9/28 MATT, to DUNCAN. 10/7 JUBA, to Mrs. SENIOR. 10/14 JACK, to McMAHON. 10/14 STAIR CASE, to DEMETRES. 10/15 65 presumably near the locale of Georges Plain Mountains, see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.266.

PAGE 196

196 CUDJOE, to SAMUELLS. 10/17 YORK, to KITTY HARDING. 12/4 BOATSWAIN, to Flint River Estate.66 12/9 BOB, to WILLIAM GRAY, marked I H and W R 12/16 SAMPSON, to Montpelier Estate. 12/22 JOE, to BAILLIE. 12/23 NANEY, to W. BLAKE. 12/26 Spanish Town Gaol, 1781. [CC] RICHARD, to BROOME. 5/26 CUFFEE to REED. 6/10 CUBA, to DOBBINS. 6/20 NANCY, and JUDY her child, to BARTON. 6/20 RICHARD, to BARTON. 7/7 JOHN, to WEBSTER. 7/9 ISAAC, to ANGUIN. 7/25 QUASHIE, to CURTIN. 9/19 JOHNY, to HORLOCK. 11/20 JUBA, and CUBA, to BICKERS. 11/29 LINDAS, to M cLACHLAN. 11/30 JAMAICA, to MOORE. 12/20 BRUTUS, owner unknown. 12/20 66 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.204.

PAGE 197

197 JOHN AFRICA, says he is free. 12/21 Trelawney Workhouse, 1781 [CC] GUY, to BRADY a mason, Montego Bay. 11/19 CHAMI, to LISTON, Kingston. 12/3 LONDON, master unknown. 12/10 PRUDE NCE, to BUCHAN, Montego Bay. 12/31 1782 Black River Workhouse, 1782 [CC] MARS, or MARCH, to ANDERSON, Onslow Estate. 2/12 ROBIN, or ROB, to EDEN or DAVIS, St. Mary, marked R S 3/5 JACK, to MOUNTAGUE, marked I H 3/8 DAVID, to GRUAR in Kingston. 3/1 1 CUFFEE, to KERR, Welcome Estate. 3/16 QUASHIE, to MAYO, Clarendon. 3/25 JUPITER, to PUSEY, Withywood. 4/17 JOHN, to DENNIS. 4/20 GEORGE, to MALCOLM, Hanover. 4/23 BRUTUS, to Mrs. McDONALD or CAMPBELL. 4/27 MINGO, runaway from the Spaniards, marked E M 4/29 RUGGLES, runaway from the Spaniards, marked S I 4/29 TOM, to PENNANT at Denby Estate. 4/30 JACK, to THOMAS a carpenter near MarthaBrae. 4/30

PAGE 198

198 BILLY, to SAM, Red Hill, Clarendon. 5/1 BILLY, a new Negro, owner unknown, taken up at YS Estate.67 5/6 COLIN, to Albany Estate, Westmoreland, marked W S 5/19 JOHN, to CASHMAN, Kendall Estate, St. Ann, marked B C QUASHIE, or GRANT, to Dr. LITHGOW, Port Royal, marked T A S on top. 6/8 DICK, a sailor, says he is free, marked with th e smallpox. 6/21 WILLIAM SAUNDERSA, says he is free. 7/7 LYDIA, to MAY BONNER, St. Ann, marked M B 7/23 YORK, to Meylersfield Estate, Westmoreland, marked I M.68 7/24 MIMBA, to SARAH GODWIN, Hanover. 7/27 LETTICE, to HENRY LUMSDEN, Kingston. 7/27 NEL LY, says she is free, marked I B I B years old. 7/27 QUACO, to PUSEY MANNING, Esq., Vere. 7/30 MARLBOROUGH, to Sweet River Estate, Westmoreland.69 9/6 WILL, or PRIMUS, a tailor, to the King. 9/8 CROMWELL, to JOHN BASS a free Negr o, Old Harbour. 9/19 DICK, to JOHN TRACEY, St. Ann, or ICHABOD ROSS, Westmoreland, marked on one shoulder H the other R L 2 on top. 9/30 JOE DEARAND, to SCOTT and OLIPHANT carpenters at Kingston. 10/3 67 Black River area, St. Elizabeth parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.145146, 199201. 68 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.130. 69 Ibid ., pp.105, 107.

PAGE 199

199 BACCHUS, to Cocoa Walk or Harmony Hall, Vere. 10/20 POLYDORE, to ARCH. CUNNINGHAM at Tipperary Penn. 10/27 VENUS, to MARY SAMS, Savanna la Mar. 10/27 JOHN, to WILLIAM LEWIS, Westmoreland, marked W. LEWIS 11/1 [NONAME], new Negro, owner unknown, marked R S CRISPIN, to ABRAHAM MYERS, St. Elizabeth. 11/5 ROBIN, a new Negro, owner unknown, marked R S others. 11/26 Clarendon Workhouse, 1782. [CC] DOMINGO, a mulatto, to RALPH DePASSE, Kingston. 1/6 HAMLET, to Yarmouth Estate, Vere. 2/2 BETTY, to LOPEZ, Kingston. 4/13 CELIA, owner unknown, marked I o B 6/25 CASSANDER, to Doctor LEDWICH, marked E L 7/3 HANNA, to SEQUIRA, marked I H S on top. 7/26 PHOEBE, to SEQUIRA, mark not plain. 7/26 SMART, t o BYRNE, marked A B. 8/2 BRISTOL, a new Negro, master unknown, marked M N 8/22 SALLY, a new Negro, owner unknown, marked S C H 8/22 HERCULES, a new Negro, owner unknown, marked M N 8/31 SARAH, to RUSSELL. 9/9 PRESENT, to GREGORY. 9/12

PAGE 200

2 00 CUFFEE, owne r unknown. 9/16 Kingston Workhouse, 1782. [CC] JACK, to DALIARE. 1/10 DICK, to MANBY. 1/12 HOPE, to WILLIAMS. 1/12 JOHN, to HILL. 1/12 JUPITER, to CRASK. 1/14 BOB, to REID. 1/26 FREDERICK, to CASKELL. 1/27 YAWOO, to PEAT. 2/6 QUAW, to LAKE. 2/20 TOM, to POLLY REILLY, dec. 2/20 WILL, to JACKSON. 3/1 GEORGE, to WEST. 3/2 ACAMMA, to CROSBY. 3/6 ADAM, to HARRISON. 3/14 ANDREW, to WINNE. 3/14 INVERNESS, to CROCKET. 3/16 ROMEO, to HILL. 3/16 CUFFEE, to Hrily Estate. 4/8 HOMER, to ROWE, marked R O W E on the right cheek. 4/9 HUNTSMAN, to DWYER. 4/17

PAGE 201

201 LEWIS, a French Negro [creole], owner unknown. 4/26 JAMES, to BOLAR, marked A W 4/26 TOBY, to MARY ROBERTS. 4/30 GRACE, to BYRNE. 4/30 JACK, to SUTTON. 4/30 PATIENCE, to the King, broad arrow 5/9 ABEL, to FRANCIS. 5/17 CUDJOE, to BERNAL. 5/18 WILLIAM, to ROBERTS, marked K R 5/18 RICHARD, to CURRY. 6/5 CUBA, a new Negro girl, owner unknown. 7/2 NANCY, to BESSY STILES, marked E S 7/30 HAGAR, to Dover Hall Estate, marked I H D on top. 8/1 WILLIAM, to COLEBORNE. 8/1 SUE, and CHILD, to JACQUES and FISHER. 8/3 FANNY, to EAST. 8/9 CUDJOE, to SANDERS. 8/9 OLIVE, says she is free. 8/9 HUDGES, owner unknown. 8/9 NANCY, to RICKETTS. 8/11 DANIEL CROSS, an American [creole], owner unknown. 8/14 FIDELLA, and CHILD, to REBERRO. 8/14

PAGE 202

202 HARRY, to Sir SIMON CLARKE. 8/20 NEO, to RODON. 8/21 CUDJOE, to Golden Grove Estate.70 8/22 BILLY, to DONALDSON. 8/27 COSMO GORDON, a mulatto, says he is free. 8/29 BILLY, to McKENZIE. 8/31 SAMPSON, to UNI ON. 8/31 FRANK, to MITCHELL. 8/31 CHANCE, to HATTON. 9/4 QUASHIE, to COOPER. 9/8 ESTHER, to McQUELTIN. 9/15 BEN, to WILLIAMS. 9/16 STEPHEN, to ROAN. 9/16 DELIA, to DALLAS, marked on the left cheek I D 9/17 JOE MANTEE, to PEREIRA. 9/24 JENNY, to C ARGILL. 9/24 ROBIN, to BARRETT. 9/25 GUY, owner unknown. 9/25 MOLLY, to BROADY. 9/30 RICHARD, to EDGAR. 10/1 HANNIBAL, to General DALLING. 10/2 70 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.125 (St. Thomas), 205206 (Trelawny).

PAGE 203

203 WILL, to WEST, marked M M [upside down] on the right shoulder. 10/2 BACCHUS, to BURKE, marked I C on fore head and cheeks. 10/2 CHARITY, to GRANT, marked D F 10/2 HARRY, to SUTTON. 10/2 CONSTANT, to SUTTON. 10/2 WILL, to MUNRO at PassageFort. 10/2 CASTALIA, to FAIRLIE CHRISTIE. 10/9 RATTRY, to Wheelersfield Estate.71 10/18 QUAMINA, to Sir CHARLES PRICE 11/13 DAFFNE, and MARY THOMAS, to McKENZIE, marked G M K 11/15 SMART, to Counsellor BROWN. 11/20 NANCY, to Freeman 11/22 BILLY, to Colonel FRENCH. 11/23 ROSE, and CHILD, to CHARLES MARCH, marked C M 12/6 GEORGE, to CREANY, marked I C 12/18 OLD JACK, to CHARLES MATCH. 12/20 St. Ann Workhouse, 1782. [CC] WILLIAM, to MYERS. 1/9 GEORGE, says he is free. 1/29 HAMLET, to Capt. DAVIDSON. 3/23 CROMWELL, to MENDEZ. 4/2 71 St. Thomas parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.125.

PAGE 204

204 FRANK, to ARMSTRONG. 4/11 WILL, to JACKSON. 4/12 FRANK, to JACKSON. 4/12 SAMB O, to JACKSON. 4/12 ENGLAND, master unknown. 4/22 BILLY, to DUGAND CAMPBELL. 4/23 BILLY, to FRANCIS. 4/23 POMPEY, to MALCOLM. 4/23 SIMON, to SILL. 4/23 BOB, to ROME, marked R 4/23 CESAR, to GRAVES or GRIEVE, marked T B 5/7 HARRY, to WATT, marked E T K on top. 5/8 ADOO, to BROOMFIELD, with a pot hook. 5/9 GEORGE, to THOMAS KING. 5/30 JOHNNY, to MILWARD. 6/2 CUDJOE, to Fairfield Estate. 6/6 FIDO, to Barnstable Estate. 6/8 JACK, to HUNTER, marked C C. 6/17 BOB, to FOSS, marked M F 6/19 QUAM IN, to Albion Estate.72 6/20 72 St. Thomas parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.139145.

PAGE 205

205 DICK, to CONNOR. 6/21 COLIN, or COLERAINE, to Fort William, St. Mary. 6/25 [NONAME], a new Negro, owner unknown, marked I G [NONAME], a new Negro, owner unknown, marked I G JACK, to EVANS. 7/3 BOB, to THARP, Good Hope Estate, marked T T. 7/3 BILLY, to Amity Hall.73 7/3 ALICK, to DAVIDSON. 7/7 MIMBA, to DARLINGTON. 7/7 JUBA, to Doctor TH OMSON. 7/7 JOHNNY, to KNOWLES, Hanover. 7/11 KENT, to SEIKAS, marked I C 2 on top. 7/14 ABEL, to SEIKAS, marked I C 2 on top. 7/14 DAVY, to BISSET, marked S G 7/14 ISAAC, to Phoenix Estate.74 7/14 TOM, to Barret. 7/21 MINGO, to MINTO, marked S A 7/24 BUMPER, to MELVIN, Kingston. 8/5 BACCHUS, or MEO, to BURKE. 8/15 SOLOMON, to BARNES, marked B H 8/17 73 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.132 (Clarendon), 125, 233 (St. Thomas). 74 Trelawny parish; Ibid ., p.207.

PAGE 206

206 DOUGLASS, to HUNTER, marked W H O on top. 9/16 BOY, to RICHARDS. 9/17 GEORGE, to BROWN. 10/6 BACCHUS, to DAWKINS, marked I D TOM, to DAVIS, marked I D or B D 12/3 BEN, to BROWN, marked I B B on the left breast. 12/13 TOM, to NIMOHARD. 12/20 GEORGE, to OLDHAM. 12/21 CROSS, to COLE. 12/24 St. James Workhouse, 1782. [CC] JASPER, to SAM TORRENT JAMES. 1/14 JOHN, to EDMUND JACKSON. 1/25 CUFFEE, to RICH. HARRIS LAWRENCE. 1/26 [NONAME], a new Negro, to GEORGE GOODWIN. 2/7 THOMAS, to SAMUEL PALMER. 4/9 CHRISTO, to HENRY DAWKINS. 4/20 HAMLET, to Virgin Valley Estate.75 5/11 BELLAMOUR, to SIMON FACEY. 5/14 HARRY, to Micham Estate. 5/15 FORTUNE, to JAMES STOKES. 5/16 NIMROD, to Flamstead Estate. 5/20 75 Trelawny parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.129, 131.

PAGE 207

207 PARAMOUR, to Flamstead Estate. 5/20 [NONAME], a new Negro, owner unknown. 5/20 DANIEL, to Old Hope Estate. 5/23 COBINA, to HENRY DAWKINS. 5/25 JACK, to HENRY CUNIFFE. 5/25 HAPPY, to HENRY CUNIFFE. 5/28 TOM, to ROBERT SCARLETT. 5/28 JUPITER, to PETER DAVIS. 5/28 CLARENDON, to York Estate. 5/28 KENDALL, to York Estate. 5/28 CUDJOE, to GUMPUS a Jew. 5/30 SIMON, to WILLIAM WHITE, St. Ann. 6/3 JOE, to GEORGE GOODING. 6/3 BESSE, to R. FOWLER, dec. 6/23 ISAAC, to JAMES SHARP. 6/26 VALENTINE, to JOHN DEMETRES. 7/8 [NONAME], a new Negro, owner unknown, marked C F 7/18 JACK, alias PETER, to Dr. SPENCE. 8/5 JACK, to Hartfield Estate. 8/17 MARCH, to J OHN GAYNER, Junr. 8/18 TOM, alias QUASHIE, to EDMUND KELLY, marked W R I 8/21 HORACE, to DANIEL KENARD, Junr. 8/23

PAGE 208

208 QUASHIE, to JEREMIAH MEYLER. 8/23 VENUS, to JAMES COLSTON, marked I C 8/23 JOHN, to DAVID COOPER. 8/26 CLIVE, to Bellfield Estate.76 8/27 GLASGOW, a new Negro, to CONNER, Martha Brae. 8/29 HAMLET, to WILLIAMS, Westmoreland. 9/6 TOM PICKLE, to JOHN HILTON. 9/17 BEN, to WILLIAM RHODES JAMES, marked W R I 9/24 JONATHAN, to Fairfield Estate. 9/27 YORK, to LEMON LAW. LAWRENCE. 9/30 MI NGO, to HUGH WALLACE, marked H W 10/12 DOUGLAS, a Spaniard [creole], marked S L 10/12 HARRY, to EMANUAL BARROW, marked G L 10/16 MUNGO, to CHARLES BERNARD, Senr. 10/21 JENNY, to SAMUEL HORLOCK. 10/23 QUAMINA, to MATTHEW PARRIS. 11/18 [NONAME], ne w Negro, owner unknown. 11/19 PAGE, to NICHOLAS GRIZELL. 11/19 JOHNNY, to CHARLES WHITE. 11/23 CYNTHIA, owner unknown. 12/3 76 St. Mary parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.204.

PAGE 209

209 FLORA, owner unknown. 12/3 Savanna la Mar Gaol, 1782. [CC] GEORGE, to HALL. 2/12 PLATO, to DIAS. 2/12 PRINCE, to Paradise Es tate, Westmoreland. 2/28 MARY, to Mrs. HARVEY, marked H C 3/1 LUCIA, to Doctor SPENCE. 4/10 SAM, to ISAACS. 4/18 ESSY, to Mrs. GODWIN. 4/25 MIMBA, to MILLER. 4/25 JENNY, to MARY SIMS, St. Elizabeth. 4/26 CHARLES, to Montpelier Estate. 4/29 HANNIBAL, to JOHN JACKSON. 5/14 DRYDEN, to Moreland Estate. 5/28 JUCO, to JOHN FOWLER. 6/3 CICERO, to Retrieve Estate, Hanover. 6/6 CHESTER, to WILLIAM BROWN. 6/10 JOHN, to CUNIFFE. 6/14 POPE, to W. MOWATT. 6/15 SHAW, to JOSEPH WILLIAMS, Senr. 6/23 JACK, to THOMAS ANDERSON. 6/23 YORK, to W. BERNARD. 6/25

PAGE 210

210 LUCRETIA, to Blackheath Estate. 7/9 JOHN WILLIAMS, says he is free and was sent ashore from the Ville de Paris at Bluefields. 7/25 CUPID, to JOHN WHITE, marked N S 7/26 JOHN, to McMILLAN, dec., Spani sh Town. 7/27 JOHN, to WILLIAM DAWSON, Kingston. 7/27 CUFFEE, to LYON or LAING, Kingston, he was sent from on board some ship at Bluefields. 7/28 QUAMIN, to WILLIAM PUSEY. 7/29 HARRY, to Magotty Estate, marked D S 8/3 SAMPSON, to WILLIAM BECKFORD. 8/ 5 ADAM, to SHADDOCK, marked T D 8/8 DUNDEE, to Eaton Estate. 8/9 WILLIAM, a mulatto, to WILLIAM JOHNSTONE. 8/12 SIMON, to WILLIAM JOHNSTONE. 8/24 GEORGE, to GEORGE WILLIAMS, marked I M, W on top. 8/29 JACK, to LYON, marked S A HAPPY, to Esher Estate.77 9/2 JAMES, to WILLIAM GALLIMORE. 9/4 LONDON, to WILLIAM GALLIMORE. 9/4 JOHN WILLIAMS, a mulatto, to SAMUEL BARRATT, marked S B 9/4 MOLLY, to JOSEPH ROBERTS, marked W 9/6 77 St. Mary parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.261, 262.

PAGE 211

211 DIEGO, to Moreland Estate. 9/9 JOHN, to JOSEPH WILLIAMS. 9 /22 CUFFEE, to WILLIAM FLEMING. 10/9 QUAW, to Dr. ROBERT SMITH, St. Elizabeth. 10/11 PHILIP, to JAMES STEVENSON. 10/13 BILLY, to WRIGHT. 10/17 BRYAN, to DAVID BERNARD. 10/17 DUBLIN, to JOHN WILLIAMS. 10/17 QUACO, to JOSEPH WILLIAMS. 11/3 SAMBO, to ISAAC WILLIAM CRESSE. 11/5 MARY ANN, to KENYON. 11/13 JOHN, to JEAN SENIOR, marked I S 11/25 TITUS, to JAMES WHITE. 11/29 JOAN, to ROBERT SCARLETT. 12/3 MIRACLE, to S. W. HAUGHTON, marked H I 12/16 ROBIN, to Mrs. WITTER, dec., marked R 2/21 Spanish Town Gaol, 1782. [CC] PRINCE, to DUNNET. 1/1 JUDEAL, says she is free. 1/1 DUSSO, to CHISHELME. 1/1 HAMLET, to McKENZIE. 1/1 MOLLY, owner unknown. 1/5

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212 YORK, to GRANT. 1/9 ESSEX, to HARDYMAN. 1/16 SALL, to GORDON. 1/22 NELLY, to STEVE NSON. 1/22 JACK, to CAMPBELL. 1/30 SAM, owner unknown, marked on the shoulder A G 2/1 BETTY, and FRIDAY her child, to MORGAN. 2/1 ELSEY, to WARD. 2/13 JOHN, to SYME. 2/14 SAMPSON, to EDWARDS. 2/22 BOB, to SHIELDS. 2/23 HANOVER, to PRICE. 2/23 PETER, says he is free. 2/24 SMART, to WELLS. 2/24 CUDJOE, to BARTON. 2/24 JOHN, to HALSTEAD. 2/24 ADAM, to HOME. 2/24 QUACO, to CAMPBELL. 2/28 [NONAME], new Negro boy, owner unknown. 3/1 SAM, owner unknown. 3/5 THOMAS, to the King. 3/8 JACK, to TAYLOR. 3/12

PAGE 213

213 APPIA, to HARRISON. 3/12 JOE, to CRASKELL. 3/1378 OTHELLO, to GRANT, marked E F CHARLES, to REID. 3/16 GRACE, to DAVIDSON. 3/17 ARCHER, to CRASKELL. 3/17 NATHAN, to McKENZIE. 3/18 PARTHENIA, to HENDERSON. 3/20 TOM, to DALLAS. 3/22 JERRY, to MANBY. 3/22 CHARLOTTE, to TAVARRES. 3/25 ROMUS, to ROPER. 3/25 BANIS TER, to SMALL. 3/27 ISAAC, to CRASKELL. 3/27 JOHN, to GRAHAM. 3/27 CHLOE, to HARRIS. 3/29 JULIET, to STEVENSON. 3/30 QUASHIE, owner unknown. 4/23 NEPTUNE, to the King. 5/7 BILLY, to CLARKE. 5/10 TRIM, to HAMILTON. 5/18 78 Listed later in the same year, with a November incarceration date: JOE to CRASKELL. 11/11

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214 ABRAM, to THOMSON, marked E T 5/18 DAVID, to JOHNSON. 5/23 WILLIAM, to Seville Estate. 5/23 CROW, to DALRYMPLE. 6/2 CUDJOE, owner unknown, marked C A G on top. 6/2 HERCULES, to GORDON. 6/5 TOM, to ALPRESS. 6/8 GRACE, to HIBBERT. 6/21 PETER, to BATTY. 6/21 JOE, to SAVAGE. 6 /22 JACK, to GORDON. 6/22 WILLIAM, to GRANT. 6/25 HERCULES, to SINGER. 6/30 BILLY, to HARRISON. 7/8 NERO, to STANLEY, marked R S 7/8 JOE, to AIRES. 7/9 PRINCESS, to WYNTER. 7/9 TONEY, to CUSSANS. 7/10 WINDSOR, to WEST. 7/13 EVE, to MENDES. 7/15 MIMBA, to RENNALS. 7/16 NANCY, to FRANCES, marked E T W on top. 7/21

PAGE 215

215 BESSY, to OLIPHANT. 7/21 BILLY, to CUSSANS. 7/21 QUAMINA, to DENNIS. 7/26 DICK, to McCOLE. 7/26 STEPHEN, to HARRISON. 7/28 QUASHIE, to WALLIS. 7/28 JOSHUA, to BROWN. 7/30 SARAH, to FOILER. 8/8 ANNISEED, to BARTON. 8/8 WILLIAM, to VASSAL. 8/12 POLYDORE, to BROWN. 8/12 CATO, to McKENZIE. 8/12 BOSSY, to Sir SIMON CLARKE, marked F E, Y on top. 8/12 CUDJOE, to BECKFORD. 8/12 AARON, to WILLIAMS, at Fort Augusta. 8/19 HANNAH, t o WILLIAMS, at Fort Augusta. 8/19 JEMMY, to ANDREW F[illegible]. 8/19 DUKE, to RICHARDSON. 8/21 PRINCESS, to BROOKE. 8/21 THOMAS, owner unknown. 8/21 PRINCE, to HOWGATE. 8/22 CAESAR, to BEMBRIDGE. 8/22

PAGE 216

216 TWEED, to PROVINCE. 8/22 MELIA, to BONYNGE. 8/ 22 SHELAH, to HOWARD, marked T H 8/23 JOE, to BURK. 8/24 BOB, to CUBICA. 8/28 TOMMY, to BLAGROVE. 9/3 PHILANDER, to JAMES. 9/4 FRANK, to MILES. 9/13 JACK, to ROBINSON. 9/14 SUSANNA, to MOSQUITO. 9/14 PAMELIA, to TAVARRES. 9/14 CUFFIA, to BROWN. 9/19 KENT, to HORLOCK. 9/20 PETER, to COOKE. 9/20 ANDREW, to the King. 9/20 ELENORA, to WILKINS. 9/21 QUASHIE, to FULLER. 9/22 SMART, to GARRIQUES. 9/22 PETER, to CUNNINGHAM. 9/25 [NONAME], a new Negro boy, no mark. 9/26 OTHELLO, to McMILLAN. 9/2 9 QUAW, to HIBBERT. 10/5

PAGE 217

217 LONDON, to TUCKER. 10/5 CATO, to HAMILTON. 10/6 LUCY, to WHITE. 10/12 BOB, to CURTIN. 10/13 DUNDEE, to HALL. 10/13 CHARLES, to WALLEN. 10/15 LUCY, to LLOYD. 10/18 JACK, to ELLERICK. 10/20 MOLLY, to PEREIRA, marked R L 10/23 JAMES, to HARRIS. 10/23 ELFRIDA, to GRANT. 10/23 NED, to BARRETT. 10/24 FORTUNE, to McKENZIE. 10/24 CUFFEE, to DOWNER. 10/25 SOPHIA, to METCALF. 10/28 JOHN, to McKENZIE. 11/2 LONDON, to SMITH. 11/5 BETTY, to CURRY, marked E P M 11/5 TOM, to HOWELL, marked I R 11/10 JUPITER, to DALLAS. 11/12 LYDIA, to HANCOCK, marked I H 11/29 ADAM, to JOHNSTON, marked M I. 11/29

PAGE 218

218 JOHN, to SHACKLEFORD, marked I S 2 on top. 11/29 ANTHONY, to GRANT. 11/29 SIMON, to SIMPSON. 11/29 CATO, to CAMPBELL. 11/29 QUACO, to STREET, marked I L 11/29 TOM, to FITZGERALD. 11/29 VENUS, to EDWARDS. 11/29 SECUNDA, to RIDGE. 11/29 PATRICK, to KELLY, marked I K 12/9 CRESSA, to FURTADO. 12/10 ISAAC, to BRAILSFORD, marked W B 12/12 JOHN, to FRYNGE. 12/14 [NONAME ], a new Negro, owner unknown, marked H HAMLET, to COLE. 12/17 PRINCE, to BRERETON. 12/17 NED, to GORDON, marked I G 12/21 QUAMINA, to CUSSANS. 12/24 KITTY, to YATES, marked W Y CUDJOE, to BECKFORD. 12/27 ISAAC, to SMITH, marked I S 12/28 QUAMINA, to MYTIN, marked T M 12/28 Trelawny Workhouse, 1782. [CC]

PAGE 219

219 ADONIS, committed by his ticket Master WALKER, but has since owned his name to be TOM, his masters name WALKER, Spanish Town. 1/379 CUFFEE WILLIAMS, says he i s free born in Virginia. 1/8 PENNY, to VAUGHAN. 1/18 GRANDISS, to WRIGHT, St. Elizabeth. 2/4 JACK, to FLEMING, Hanover. 2/19 BOB, to HEATHs estate. 3/1 RICHARD, to MILBURN or CLARK, Montego Bay. 3/14 SARAH, to CLEMITSON, Montego Bay. 3/24 PHYLLIS, to SAM, St. James. 3/25 VIRGIL, to Retreat Estate.80 4/10 QUASHIE, to HEATHs estate. 4/16 SYPHAX, to McCARTY. 4/29 JACK, to Dr. TISAL. 4/29 WILL, to GOODIN. 5/1 TOM, to GOODIN. 5/5 QUACO, to PINARD, Spanish Town. 5/13 [NONAME], a new Negro man, to Dr. BELL. 5/28 CUDJOE and PETER, to NEWEL, Spanish Town. 6/11 QUASHIE, and PRUE, to BEACH, Luidas. 6/11 79 See also (likely duplicate), St. Ann Workhouse, 1782. [CC] TOM, to WALKER, Spanish Town. 1/31 80 Trelawny parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.138139.

PAGE 220

220 SOLON, to LONG. 6/11 WILLIAM, to RICKETTS. 6/13 HAMLET, to Mrs. CLELAND. 6/21 NERO, to SMITH, St. Mary. 6/23 [NONAME], a new Negro, owner unknown. 6/28 JACK, to SIMS, Kingston. 7/2 CRESSA, to Hartfield Estate. 7/12 BOB, to FREEMAN, Kingston. 7/13 PATIENCE, to FILBY. 7/27 GEORGE, to WOLFE or WITTER, marked I W 7/27 SAM, to FULLERTON. 7/31 JACK, to FOWLER. 8/5 JOE, to KELLY. 8/16 DICK, to BERNARD. 9/3 COBENNA, to G. R. HAMILTON. 9/3 DARIUS, to WATSON. 9/3 WILLIAM, to HIDE, marked C H 9/4 FRANCE, to JOHN or RICHARD BRISSET. 9/10 JACK, to Mrs. GOLDRING. 9/10 BELLA, to Schawfield Estate. 10/3 GEORGE, to WALTER MURRAY. 10/10 QUAMINA, to WRIGHT, Green Island. 10/12

PAGE 221

221 PRINCE, to KENNION. 10/12 PASSOW, to Doctor WOOFE. 10/13 MARK, to BARRETT, Little River.81 10/23 QUAMINA, to McKENZIE. 11/8 CORIDON, to McFARLANE. 11/8 LIMUS, to SPENCE, Hanover. 11/8 TOM, to WHITE, or Hartfield Estate. 11/10 PHEBA, to LIBERT. 11/10 ROSE, to PARSLEY. 11/13 YOW, to MYLER, Savanna la Mar. 11/14 HECTOR, to Capt. DAVISON. 11/18 JENNY, to CLAVER TAYLOR. 11/20 BILLY, to McGIBBON. 11/23 CUFFEE, to I. L. WINN. 12/3 ADAM, to a mulatto woman in Spanish Tow n. 12/7 TOBY, to DUNBAR. 12/7 ANCILLA, to HILL. 12/9 PHILIP, to LEWIS. 12/13 COTILLA, to WOOD. 12/27 1783 81 St. James parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.236.

PAGE 222

222 Black River Gaol, 1783. [CC] QUACO, to Lenox Estate, Westmoreland. 1/3 WILLIAM GLASGOW, supposed to belong to SAMUEL ADAMS, Liguanea, says he has been free six years, mark seems to be S A Kingston Gaol, 1783. [CC] JOE, to CARNWALLIS. 1/1 JACK, to WESTMORELAND. 1/3 NOCOSS, to TAWE. 1/5 HECTOR, to WILLIAM P. BROWNE, or Miss JONES. 1/9 TRIM, to PATRICK KANE. 1/9 JAMES, to COULSON, Port Royal. 1/9 GARRETT, to EDMUND KEL LY. 1/9 PORTER to Doctor CAMPBELL. 1/13 POPE, to CAMPBELL, marked N C. 1/14 St. James Workhouse, 1783. [CC] LONDON, to HAIL ROBINSON. 1/13 1784 St. Ann Workhouse, 1784. [CC] LINDA, to J. SAVELLE, marked I A Spanish Town Workhouse 1784. [CC] QUAW, to CUSAN or GRANT, in Kingston. 12/7 1785 Clarendon Gaol, 1785. [CC]

PAGE 223

223 CUFFEE, to the estate of ZACHARY BAILEY, dec. 6/22 QUASHIE, a creole, to DAVID JOHNSTONE, Biorgans Bridge, Westmoreland. 8/15 Hanover Workhouse, 1785. [CC] ELLEN to Mrs. LITCHFIELD. 9/22 SAMPSON, to LAWSON, St. James. 12/20 Kingston Workhouse, 1785. [CC] WILLIAM HENRY, alias JOHN WILLIAMS, born in Antigua, who was for felony committed for 12 months, then to be sold for transportation agreeable to this sentence 6/4 JACK JAMES, says he is free, a Barbadian born. 10/29 JOHN, an American, to PATCH. 11/26 CLARISSA, to CLARKE. 12/17 ARCHY, to J.W. HARVEY, lost one of his fore teeth, and his right eye walled. 12/21 St. Ann Workhouse, 1785. [CC] TOM, to NIMARD. 10/22 WILLIAM, to Major WRIGHT. 10/24 JAMES, to GREGORY. 11/3 DICK, to S. BONDON, marked S B 12/19 POMPEY, to JOHN HALL, marked W T 12/19 PHEBA, to GRANT. 12/25 ARCHIBALD, to WILLIAMS. 12/28 St. James Workhouse, 1785. [CC] CUPID, to WILLIAM ROBIN SON, marked I R C on the arm. 2/19 PETER BARRY, says he is free. 6/28

PAGE 224

224 GRACE, to LONGLANDS 10/16 BACCHUS, to LACEY. 12/30 St. Mary Workhouse, 1785. [CC] DICK, to CLARKE, Kingston. 7/1 BILLY, to FORD, marked 4 5 [sic]. 10/16 Spanish Town Gaol, 1785. [CC] WILLIAM, a Mundingo, says he belonged to one LEWIS, at South Carolina, who is since dead; that after the death of his master, he was taken by the British troops, with whom he came to this island. 1/15 MONDAY, or DICK, to HENDERSON, dec., or CORBLY, P ort Royal. 3/12 MORRIS, to FAIRFIELD, St. James. 5/25 JACK, an American he came to this island with a Mr. SMITH, who resides in Kingston. 7/1 LETTICE, a new Negro wench, owner unknown, marked A G 7/21 NERO, says he formerly belonged to one THOMAS FORD at Charleston; that his master died, and he came to this island with a Captain GARBRAND, who he believes has some claim to him. 8/4 ISAAC, to McLEAN or McKENZIE, marked I C 8/26 QUACO, to MITCHELL and DAGGERT, in Kingston. 9/13 JUBA, to RISBYs estate St. Thomas in the Vale. 9/23 SALLY, an American, says she is free, and came to this island with Major A. CAMPBELL who left her with Mr. LINDO in Kingston; she has lived with a Mr. ROBERTSON near Savanna la Mar, where she left a child. 9/23 KENT, to RIS BYs estate. 11/28 POMPEY, to LOCKWOOD, Clarendon. 11/30 BACCHUS, to Milford Estate, St. Mary, marked D I in the forehead. 12/1

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225 QUASHIE, to MENDES. 12/19 KATEY, to GRAHAM. 12/31 Spanish Town Workhouse, 1785. [CC] [NONAME], a Papaw, new Negro, owner and name unknown, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 1/8 [NONAME], a Papaw, owner unknown, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 1/8 SHECORA, owner unknown, 5 ft. 11 in. high. 1/10 LUCY, to JEREMIAH BROWN. 1/11 BETTY, to JEREMIAH BROWN, marked I B on right shoulder. 2/24 DENAH, to ELIZABETH CURTIN. 2/27 JEMMY, to GRAYs estate, marked R Gy on the right shoulder. 4/9 MARY, to ELIZABETH EVANS, marked E (other letter not plain) [sic] on the right shoulder. 6/1 KATIE, to McKENZIE, dec., marked I M C M on right shoulder. 6/18 TOM, to Adle y Estate, marked M A on both shoulders and left breast. 10/1 CATON and MIMBA, to Mrs. CURTIN. 10/27 JUNO, an American, says she is free. 11/8 PETER, to Croslect Estate, marked E G on the left shoulder. 11/9 HANNAH, a mulatto girl, to SIMPSON, Kingston. 11/15 QUAW, to Dr. McKENZIE. 12/7 ESSEX, to JACOB SEQUIRA, dec. 12/8 CATO, to JAMES WILLIAMS. 12/10 LIVERPOOL, to BOND and CLARK, Kingston. 12/25 HUMPHREY, to Dr. CHISHOLM. 12/25

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226 CHARLES, to HENDERSON. 12/29 GINNON, to WILLIAM PATRICK BROWN, Esq., marked WP [joined] B 12/30 STREPHON, or ORONOOKO, to Dr. FOWLKES. 12/31 Trelawny Workhouse, 1785. [CC] ROSE, to BERNARD. 4/16 CUFFEE, to DARBY in Kingston. 4/28 PRINCE, to Counsellor BROWN. 6/28 WILLIAM, to WATT, Withywood. 7/24 HURRICANE, to Provi dence Estate.82 7/29 GOODLUCK, owner unknown. 9/17 MARY ANN, to MARTIN, St. Mary. 10/17 FRANK, to RICE, marked on the breast R RICE, cap [sic] below. 11/2 CHAMBA, to RIDDOCH. 11/20 NED, to DANIEL. 12/14 RICHARD, to GREENWOOD. 12/19 MARIA, says she fo rmerly belonged to KENYON, marked B K [B reversed]. 12/23 QUAW, to BURKE. 12/23 1786 Black River Gaol, 1786. [CC] BETTY, to Chester Estate, marked I S 2/28 82 St. James parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.77.

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227 HECTOR, to HEADMAN. 3/10 ADAM, to LOST. 3/15 BILLY HARTREE, says he is free. 4/24 JACK, to MARSHALL. 5/8 CAESAR, to GORDON. 6/25 POMPEY, to MALCOLM. 7/6 CUFFEE WILLIAMS, says he is free. 7/10 CHATHAM, to McKENZIE, marked I K 7/12 PASTORA, to BENERIS. 7/13 FRANK, to CROCKS, marked C C DANIEL FISHER, says he is free, but can shew no badge. 7/15 QUAMINA, to PATTY. 7/26 SHAWS, to Moreland Estate. 7/28 CUFFEE, to HENEKEL, marked I Y on the cheek. 8/4 HANDEL, to BEDWARD, marked C B 8/4 MAGGY, to SMITH, marked S S. 8/5 TOBY, to FINDLATER, marked W 8/8 Clarendon Gaol, 1786. [CC] JENNY WILLIAMS, to Gale Estate or Sir CHARLES PRICE, marked C P 2/13 MARY, to Doctor HUNTER. 3/24 WILLIAM, son to Mary, Doctor HUNTER. 3/24 GRACE, to Sir CHARLES PRICEs farm. 3/25

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228 FLORA to ALMYDA. 5/13 CUDJOE, to PEETE, at the Ferry. 5/14 BESS, and SCIPIO her child about 14 months old, to KELLY. 5/19 QUACO, a creole, to HAUGHTON. 6/1 CHRISTINA, to HAUGHTON, marked R H WILLIAM THOMAS, says he is free, marked on each breast and shoulder YORKE ; supposed to belong to THOMAS YORKE, St. Ann. 6/8 GEORGE, to GRANT, marked P G 6/10 BOB, owner unknown. 6/18 JOHN, to WRIGHT, Kingston, marked C W e shoulder, with indistinct marks in the face. 6/20 GRACE, to Doctor SIMPSON, marked A S 6/27 ADAM, to ROBB, Spanish Town. 6/27 TWEED, to CHARLES MARCH, or the estate of NATHAN PROVAN, dec. 7/2 CUFFEE, to the estate of A. DUNKLEY, dec. 7/17 GEORGE, t o WILLIAM RHODES. 7/23 SALLY, to ALEXANDER HAWTHORNE, Trelawny, marked A H 7/23 Hanover Workhouse, 1786. [CC] DICK, to LANSDOWNE. 1/31 MIMBA, to Doctor SIMPSON. 2/5 JACK, to BRISSET. 4/18 YORK, to Hopewell Estate, Green Island. 4/14

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229 JOHNNY, to Spri ng Estate, Hanover.83 4/17 JUPITER, to JOSEPH BRISSET. 4/17 Kingston Workhouse, 1786. [CC] FERDINANDO, to Hon. JOHN GRANT, has lost the first and second joints off the middle finger of his left hand. 1/25 JACK BUSH, to BRODBELT, marked DxB 4 on top, on shoulders. 2/1 CANDIS, to RODON. 2/20 JAMAICA, to CLARK, blind mark on the right shoulder. 3/1 ANGELICA, to DENNIS. 3/7 ABRAHAM, an American, says he belonged to the Rev. Mr. ALLENSON in Charleston, and came to this island with Lieut. PERRIN of the 19 th Regiment. 3/10 JUBILEE, to HORN, blind mark on both shoulders. 3/18 PATIENCE, to ANN GRAY, Trelawny. 3/21 QUAMINA, to Doctor LOWE. 3/21 JENNY, to MUNRO, Withywood. 3/21 LELAND, [African], to JOHN BURKE, has his country marks on both cheeks and fore head. 3/23 JOHN, to McKENZIE, marked on the left shoulder B the other letter defaced. 3/24 BOB, to HENRY LYTHGOW. 3/25 GLASGOW, a new Negro boy, of the Eboe country. 4/1 RICHARD, to Dr. SIMPSON in Vere, marked A S on the shoulders. 4/4 JOHN, to RYAN, marked H R on the right shoulder. 4/4 SANCHO, to Capt. AGAY, of the 60 th Regiment. 4/4 83 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.278.

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230 QUAMINA, a new Negro, marked on the left shoulder G H [NONAME], a new Negro, marked on the left shoulder G H JACK, to J. W. BENNETT. 4/6 MINGO, to IRVING, marked on the right shoulder H CROMWELL, to ALEXANDER CUMING, marked S D on the left shoulder, and A C on the right. 4/28 BILLY, to CURTISs estate, marked E on the right shoulder. 4/30 CHAMPAIN, alias ALICK, to W. T. GRIER. 5/4 BOB, to GREEN, blind mark on the left shoulder. 5/11 SAWNEY, to Dr. REEVES, Liguanea. 5/18 JOHN, to EVANS, Spanish Town. 5/21 MARY, to JONES, marked I F JOHN, to MURRAY, marked I M on the left shoulder. 6/9 PATRICK, to SUSAN HOWELL. 6/12 COMMODORE, to YATES. 6/14 JAMES, says he belongs to the King, was at Fort Charles and Rock Fort. 7/6 LUCK, to HAYLE, Spanish Town. 7/8 SMART, to SMITH, marked on the right shoulder W the other letter defaced. 7/18 CUFEE, to CROSS, marked W C QUACO, to PHIPPS, Halfway Tree, marked I P on both shoulders. 7/26 DANIEL, to DOUGLAS, marked M D on both shoulders. 7/26 DAN, to I. I. BERNAL. 8/1

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231 FANNY, to THOMAS ASHBURN. 8/4 CHARLES, to D. M. PEREIRA. 8/5 Morant Bay, 1786. [CC] T ONEY, to FINDLATER, marked on the right shoulder M C s on top, and on his left D M in one. 1/5 LEICESTER, to CAMPBELL, a blind mark on the left shoulder. 1/5 DICK, to HIBBERTS. 1/5 LAFFEY, to JOHNSTON. 1/5 FRANCISCO, a Spanish Negro, cannot speak Engl ish. 1/5 Portland Gaol, 1786. [CC] CUDJOE, to HYATT, marked I H 5/16 GEORGE MACKENZIE, a mulatto, an American, says he is free. 6/8 GEORGE, to Sir CHARLES PRICE. 6/10 RIPON, to MARY PULLION, mark defaced. 7/10 SAM, formerly to JOHN N. BAKER. 7/10 N EPTUNE, to FRANCIS SPARKS. 8/3 St. Ann Workhouse, 1786. [CC] TOM, to STEWART. 1/3 WARRELL, to WHITE. 2/2 THOMAS, to BADFORD. 3/21 WILL, to JOHN JAMES, Trelawny. 3/11 TOM, to SIMPSON, Trelawny.3/19

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232 LUCCA, to Eden Estate, St. Mary. 3/28 STEPHEN, to P RICE, St. Mary. 5/3 PETER, a creole, to BERNARD, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 7/26 [RG] St. James Workhouse, 1786. [CC] ROMEO, to WILLIAM CAMPBELL. 1/7 PLATO, to WILLIAM SCARLETT. 1/7 POLYDORE, to B. W. BLAKE. 1/9 CHAMONT, to Doctor KERR. 1/9 WESTMORELAND, to SARAH MOWATT. 2/27 JENNY, to DANIEL BERNARD, Senr. 4/4 WILL, to RUTHY ORD. 5/6 [NONAME], a new Negro, owner unknown. 5/6 [NONAME], a new Negro, owner unknown. 5/17 JOHNNY, to CUNNINGHAM, dec. 5/26 WILLIAM, to RENONI SMITH. 5/28 MOROCCO, to Mrs. BR AMMER. 7/28 HADDINGTON, to Mrs. CARGILL. 7/10 BEN, to Success Estate. 7/10 STREPHON, to SAMUEL MORRIS. 7/20 SHANDY, to ANDREW SHARP. 7/20 JOHN DOUGLAS, to ALEX WATT. 7/21 St. Mary Workhouse, 1786. [CC]

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233 ABEL, a new Negro, master unknown. 4/15 JOE, t o Koningsburg Estate or ORGILL at Port Antonio. 4/26 HAMSKETH, to estate of LUCAS, dec. 5/11 SAMPSON, to JOSEPH DUNN. 5/16 JOCKEY, to CROZIER or GORDON, marked R C 5/20 PETER, to DISMORE, marked E D HARRY, to DELPRATT. 5/23 HARRY, to Mrs. I NGLISH. 5/29 DOLLY, to Dover Estate, St. George, marked I H D on top. 5/29 JOHN, to COCKING, marked C WILL, to NEILSON, marked I N TOM, to ANDERSON, Burtons. 6/24 YAW, to CHARLES HALL or JOHN BELL, marked C H 7/7 PATI ENCE, to the estate of EDWARDS, dec., marked E E, n on top. 7/10 DANIEL, to WILLIAM SHEPPARD. 7/18 GLEN, to A. McDONALD, at Spanish Town, marked A McD 7/18 ADAM, to JOHNSTON, Kingston. 7/25 Savanna la Mar, 1786. [CC] JAMES, to Haughton or Cove Estate marked W 4/19 QUAW, to SMITH in Spanish Town. 4/27 SALLY, to A. DALLAS. 5/19 DAGO, to MURRAY or Ironshore Estate. 5/31

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234 JOHNO DICK, formerly advertised to JAMES,84 but supposed to belong to the Spring Estate, Hanover.85 5/31 BOB and JOHN, two new Negr oes, owners unknown. 6/20 [NONAME], a new Negro, cannot tell his owners name. 6/30 PETER, to HOLMES. 7/2 SABINA, to S. L. HENRIQUES. 7/6 GARRICK, to DREW. 7/6 PRINCE, to JACOB CHAMBERS. 7/6 Spanish Town Workhouse, 1786. [CC] MATTEE, to FAIRSTON, m arked N M (and I A with a M F [joined] N on the left. 1/1 LONDON, to W. P. BROWNE, Esq. 1/8 JACK, to REID. 1/8 MARY, to MILHARDA, in Kingston. 1/11 ABERDEEN, to THOMAS or HOWELL. 2/28 PEGGY, to GEORGE RISBY. 4/12 GEORGE DAVIS, says h e is free, and that he was born in Antigua. 4/15 QUASHIE, to VARNOM. 5/5 PENNY, to Content Estate. 5/12 QUASHIE, to GOLBURN. 5/21 GRACE, to HIBBERTS. 5/22 84 advertisement not seen. 85 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.278.

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235 DOLLY, to GEDDES in Kingston. 5/24 JOHN, to Doctor JOHNSTON. 5/24 CUFFEE, to ROSS. 6/8 TOM, t o Captain LENOX. 6/10 QUASHIE, to Nightingale Grove. 6/11. NANNY, to JOHNSTON in Kingston. 6/13 DIAMOND, to Dr. OGILVY, marked S B on the right shoulder, with a Spanish mark and a barbed dart; and a Spanish mark on the left. 6/13 MAJOR, to KNOWLEs est ate. 6/13 JACOB, to FAGAN, marked I A P on top, on the right shoulder. 6/19 HERCULES, to Doctor LITHGOW. 6/19 JACK, to DAVIS, marked on the left shoulder I B 6/20 CLARISSA, to DENNIS KELLY. 6/21 OLIVE, to SMITH. 6/21 CHANCE, to PITT in Kingston. 6/ 22 LEED, to PEEKE FULLER. 6/22 JACK, to DOUGLASS, marked I S on the right shoulder. 6/23 NANCY, and her CHILD, to MOULTON. 6/23 GOOFMAN [sic], to Rock River Estate. 6/24 PRINCE, to NEWELL at Old Harbour. 6/24 LEMON, to ORGILL, St. Ann. 6/25 PRINCE, to ORGET 6/26 WILL, and JAMES, owner unknown, marked A D on right shoulder. 6/26

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236 JACK, to Mount Olive Estate. 6/26 LETTICE, to PAXTON. 6/27 TOM, to THARP, formerly belonged to BUTTER, dec. 6/27 MOSS, to DILLON, marked D on both shoulders. 6/27 MARIA, to GRANT. 6/27 LANTIA, to HENRY LORD. 6/27 ABRAHAM, to Barrack Estate. 6/27 SALLY, says she is free, and came from America. 7/1 SILVIA, to SIMON TAYLOR. 7/4 DEVONSHIRE, to HENDERSON. 7/13 JACOB, to GRAHAM, Clarendon. 7/16 EDIE, to BROWN, marked R H R on top. 7/16 TOM, to RICHARDSON. 7/24 PHIBBA, to ASHLEY, marked I A sm on top, on the right shoulder, and I M on the left. 7/25 BELINDA, to MORRIS. 7/25 FALDERAL, to FISHER. 7/26 HAMLET, to EAST, dec. 7/26 ROMEO, says he is free. 7/26 CUDJOE, t o Risby Estate. 7/27 DICK, to GREGORY. 7/27 BILLY, to ALLAN. 7/27 JACOB, to PALMER. 7/28

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237 MIMBA, to BROWNRIGG. 7/29 WILLIAM, to TRACEY. 7/29 DURHAM, to NETHERWOOD. 7/29 GRACE, to HORLOCK. 7/29 BACCHUS, to HIBBERT. 7/30 MARY, to S. CLARK. 7/30 MARY, to ALFORD, marked on her left shoulder A A. 7/31 PRINCE, to DICKSON, marked A C 8/1 MIMBA, to CODLINGTON. 8/1 PRESENT, to MARY DUDGEON. 8/1 SOLOMAN, to Draxhall Estate, marked W B .86 8/3 ROSENAH, to BARTON, marked W 8/3 CORNELIUS, to MURPHY. 8/3 QUAW, to DEANS. 8/4 SALLY, to Provos Rock River. 8/4 NED, to WYNN, Halfway tree. 8/5 QUAW, to Doctor SIMPSON. 8/5 DAVY, to ROGERS. 8/6 BEN, to COPPELL and GOLDWIN. 8/7 DERRICK, owner unknown, marked G T 8/7 86 St. Ann parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.99102, 116, 138, 211, 231.

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238 CYRUS, to BAYLEY. 8/7 SAMPSON, to CHARL ES GRAHAM. 8/8 JULIANA, to Doctor WOODHOUSE. 8/8 RACHEL, to GILBERT. 8/13 NATHANIEL CAMBRIDGE, and American boy, says he is free. 8/23 QUAW, to BOUSSOU at the Cape, says he made his escape from thence about a twelvemonth ago, marked on the left breast BOUSSOU. 9/3 JAMES, to YORKE ESTATE. 9/11 FLORA, to FEARON. 9/18 HERCULES, to HUGGAN READ, marked H R [upside down], CHARLES, to RACSTER, marked G R 9/20 BUNDY, to DOLLY MANNING. 9/24 AMELIA, to E. BURKE, marked N B on both shoulders. 9/25 QUAW, to FULTON. 9/26 JEFFERY, to CHRISTIE, marked R C 9/27 BILLY, to WILCOX, Halfway tree. 9/27 DUBLIN, to Retreat Penn.87 9/28 GEORGE, to HENDERSON. 10/1 CUBINA, to PRIBLEAU, Kingston. 10/1 SAMPSON, to HARVEY, dec. 10/1 JENNY, to GREGORY, dec. 10/1 87 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), at least three (Portland, St. Andrew, St. Ann).

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239 QUAW, to Prospect Estate. 10/1 GEORGE, to JOHN LITTLEJOHN. 10/1 FANNY, to DE. MENDES PEREIRA. 10/2 Trelawny Workhouse, 1786. [CC] HAMLET, to McBEAN. 1/1 JOHN, to NIBLET, Rio Bueno. 1/2 HAZARD, to WILLIAM SCARLETT. 1/2 FORTUNE, to Miss JENNY, Port Antonio. 3/9 DICK, owner unknown, marked I W C on top. 4/9 JEMMY, to ELFORD in Kingston. 5/3 D AVID, to MARSHALL, St. Ann. 5/18 MULATTO MOLLY, to Spring Estate, Hanover.88 5/30 CUDJOE, to BOWEN, St. James. 6/16 MARCH, to HAMILTON, dec. 6/17 DAVID, to Stretch and Set Estate. 6/19 CEMANTY, to CLAVER TAYLOR. 6/24 SAM, to PARSONS, Runaway Bay. 6/24 JUBA, to TROUGHT. 6/27 NED, to Green Pond Estate. 6/30 PUNCH, to ROBINSON, Long Bay. 7/3 CAMBRIDGE, to RIDDOCH. 7/11 88 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.278.

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240 ISABELLA, to WARE. 7/13 [NONAME], a new Negro woman, and a BOY, owner unknown. 7/14 SEBELL, to JOHN WAISE. 7/18 QUAMINA, to JOHN ERSKINE. 7/21 MOLLY, to SIMPSON, Duncans. 7/27 HANNIBAL, to Garridine Estate. 7/28 BRISTOL, to BLOWER GIBBES, dec. 7/30 1787 Kingston Workhouse, 1787. [RG] BILLY, a Coromantee says he belongs to SMITH, marked W B, on top, left shoulder, 5 ft. 5 i n. high. 2/26 CATO, a Congo, an elderly Negro, to YATES, marked Y right shoulder, 5 ft. high. 4/13 QUAMINA, a Chamba says he is free, but formerly belonged to WILLIAM THOMPSON, a Carpenter, at Savanna la Mar, his country marks on his face, and a scar ne arly on the pit of his stomach, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 7/17 SMART, a Coromantee to CARR or KERR 4 ft. 81/2 in. high. 8/17 St. Ann Workhouse 1787. [RG] PITT, a Congo, to BERNARD, 5 ft. 1/2 in. 6/6 St. James Workhouse 1787. [RG] SWANSEY, a Bando, to REID & THOMPSON, marked W M 5 ft. 3 in. high. 5/21 MARY, a Nago to SINCLAIR marked R B E, 5 ft. 1/2 in. high. 5/22 Westmoreland Workhouse 1787. [RG] BESS, PHEBE or LAVINIA, a creole, to WRIGHT or to Mrs. WILTER 4 ft. 10 in. high. 10/6

PAGE 241

241 1788 Cla rendon Workhouse 1788. [RG] WILL, a Moco to the estate of EDWARD SOMERILS dec., Westmoreland, 5 ft. 5 in. 9/20 WILLIAM, an Eboe to JOHN ROAN, Clarendon, no marks, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 11/1 PHEBE, a creole, to CHILD Bridge Tavern, 4 ft. 9 in. high. 11/ 20 Kingston Workhouse 1788. [RG] HARRY, a Nago to the King, mark appears to be W W right shoulder, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 4/9 DANIEL, an American, to Major PHILIBER near Port Dolphin, Hispaniola, mark on right breast PHILIBER the P and H in one, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 10/25 St. Elizabeth Workhouse 1788. [RG] JOHN, a Mundingo, to JOHN GRANT in Liguanea, no visible brandmark, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 4/18 JEMMY, to the heirs of HENRY LORD, dec., 5 ft. 6 in. high. 5/30 OTTO, a Coromantee formerly to Mr. EVE N but now says he is free, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 8/9 JACK, to JACOB DELERA, Kingston. 10/2 St. James Workhouse 1788. [RG] WILLIAM, a creole, to WILLIAM REID Clarendon, marked on right shoulder G 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/2 Westmoreland Workhouse 1788. [RG] LUCY, CUBA or JUBA a Coromantee says she is free, or obtained the same from JOHN PARKINSON, 4 ft. 7 in. high. 12/3 1789 Kingston Workhouse 1789. [RG] JACK SMITH, a Barbadian, says he is free, 5 ft. high. 1/6 ROBERT JONES, alias MARTIN a creole, s ays he is free, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 8/15

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242 CAESAR, alias JOHN THOMAS a creole of this island, and was to be [transported] some years ago by sentence of the court, to Monsieur McLEUR Hispaniola, both ears cropt, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 10/3 WILLIAM, a sambo creol e to PETER DALTON 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 12/11 Portland Workhouse 1789. [RG] JACK, a Mandingo, to JOHN KELLY, dec., of Montego Bay, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 7/28 St. James Workhouse 1789. [RG] WILTSHIRE, a Coromantee to THOMAS ARCHER St. Mary, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 12/9 St. Mary Workhouse 1789. [RG] BETTY WILSON, a creole, late the property of Mr. GOLDBURN, says she is free, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 10/10 Westmoreland Workhouse 1789. [RG] BILLY, a Coromantee to King s yard, Kingston, or to RICHARD PEART Esq., St. Elizabeth, marked on left breast S D S 4 ft. 7 in. high. 9/6 1790 Clarendon Workhouse 1790. [RG] CUDJOE, a Papaw to Mr. PALMER marked R H right shoulder, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 2/20 BETTY, a child of Jenny, to the estate of BLAIR or THOMPSON, Mile Gully. 7/2 GEORGE, a creole, to the estate of MALEOLA LAING, dec., no mark, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 7/8 MOLLY, a Congo, to JOHN BUNN, mark defaced, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 11/10 JAMES, a creole, to JOHN FISHER Montego Bay, who lately sold him to a Foreigner from whom he made his escape, marked V on right shoulder, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 11/14 NANCY, a Nago to THOMAS A. PRIDDIE Mile River, mark defaced, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 11/19 MIMBA, a creole, to the estate of WILLIAM WEIR COLE St. John, marked W W, left shoulder, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 11/20

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243 MARCIA, a creole, to estate of JOHN THOMPSON, Mile Gully, no mark, 5 ft. 8 in. high.89 12/19 MARCH, a creole, to JOHN THOMPSON, Mile Gully, no mark, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 12/19 FATE, a Coromantee to SALLY WINT Milk River, marked M B, at top, 5 ft. 3 in. high.90 12/24 Hanover Workhouse 1790. [RG] ROSE, a creole, to ANDERSON, near Morgan s Bridge, 4 ft. high. 12/3 Kingston Workhouse 1790. [RG] ROMEO, a Coromantee to JAMES MONRO, no mark, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/6 QUASHIE, a Coromant ee, to the estate of SAMUEL FORSTER St. Elizabeth, 5 ft. 3 in. high.. 8/5 JOHN, a creole, to SPEERING marked A S right shoulder, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 8/30 WILLIAM PIERCE, of Barbados, to Mrs. MESSIAS, 5 ft. 81/2 in. high. 8/31 STREPHON, a Coromantee to DONALDSON, 5 ft. 23/4 in. high. 9/27 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro man, 5 ft. 3/4 in. high. 10/13 JAMES, a creole, to JAMES OURNEY, marked I D on top, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 10/19 89 Manchester parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.195. 90 Clarendon parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.212. JOHN, a creole, to J. R. FORRESTER 3 ft. 11 in. high. 12/6 QUASHIE, a creole, to DE CORDOVA, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 12/19 TOM, a Mungola to THOMAS NORTHY, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 12/26 Morant Bay Workhouse 1790. [RG] MARY, a creole, to ELIZABETH GREEN no brandmark, 4 ft. 101/2 in. high. 8/9

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244 PETER, a Congo, to BROOKS no brandmark, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 11/1 SAM, a Chamba to GOLDSON, marked E D 5 ft. 2 in. high. 12/28 Portland Workhouse 1790. [RG] TOM, a creole, to Dirt y pit Penn, no brandmark, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 6/21 JACK, a creole, to Dirty pit Penn, no brandmark, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/21 JEREMY, a Coromantee belongs to the estate of JAMES BORTON, marked I B goes on crutches. 9/28 St. Ann Workhouse 1790. [RG] EVE a Papaw to MENZIE at Moffat s, in St. Ann, mark not plain, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 11/2 GEORGE, a Mandingo, to THOMAS REED, Esq., at New Canaan, marked M E in one, 5 ft. high. 12/18 JACK, a Moco to THOMAS REED, Esq., 5 ft. high. 12/18 TOM, a Moco to THOMAS REED Esq., 5 ft. high. 12/18 RALPH, a creole, to the Farm, near the Ferry, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 12/21 CHANCE, a creole, to the Farm, near the Ferry, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 12/21 St. Elizabeth Workhouse 1790. [RG] CATO, to the heirs of ADAM SCOTT dec., S t. Thomas. 5/2 GEORGE, to Catherine Hall, St. James.91 5/2 WILLIAM BORTON, says he is free, and a native of Antigua, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 11/23 QUAMIN, or QUASHIE a Coromantee to the Hon. JAMES WILDMAN, or Bodle s Penn, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 12/24 St. James Workhouse 1790. [RG] 91 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.66.

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245 BESSY, an American, to Mrs. RUSSELL Charleston, South Carolina, 4 ft. 101/2 in. high. 4/8 MARCH, to CATHERINE BROWN, Rock Fort. 6/1 QUAW, or JUPITER to J. JACKSON. 7/10 PRINCE, to a Mr. KEITH Port Morant. 9/25 CYRUS, to PATRI CK McKINLEY. 10/8 [ NONAME ] a new Negro no mark, name, country, and owner unknown. 10/18 St. Mary Workhouse 1790. [RG] BOSTON, a Nago to the estate of THOMAS SLEATER dec., 4 ft. 10 in. high. 8/26 ABBA, a creole, to Busey Park, near Old Harbour, 5 ft. high. 12/5 POMPEY, a Mundingo, to PETER LAWSON St. James, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 12/28 Spanish Town Workhouse 1790. [RG] NEPTUNE, an Eboe says he is free, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 4/17 TOM, a creole, to Morant s Bogg, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 6/14 GEORGE, a creole, formerly advertised to HENRY WELCH, dec., but now says he belongs to the Rev. Mr. WILLIAMS at Port Antonio, marked W W on both breasts, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 7/15 CHARLES, a creole, says he is free, but is the supposed property of ANDREW ARENDEC KER 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 8/2 WHANICA, a creole, to Golden Grove Estate, 5 ft. 3 in. high.92 8/4 CUBA, a creole, to BETSEY NEDHAM Kingston. 8/20 PASQUALLA, a creole, says he is free, marked C on the right shoulder, the other letter not plain, 5 ft. 3 i n. high. 9/2 CUFFEE, a creole, says he is free, says he was sold to Capt. SINCLAIR and that Capt. Sinclair sold him to Capt. CAMPBELL, who sold him off the country, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 10/4 92 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.125 (St. Thomas), 205206 (Trelawny).

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246 BETTY, a Chamba owner unknown, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 10/23 RACH EL, a creole, to Mrs. CUMMINGS 5 ft. 2 in. high. 10/26 GEORGE, a Mundingo, formerly advertised to JOHN AUNARY; he made his escape from this Workhouse the 15th July last; now says he did belong to a Mr. THOMAS WHITE overseer at Round Hill Estate near Montego Bay; marked on the left shoulder I A has defaced his mark since he ran away from this workhouse, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 10/31 ROBERT, a creole, to JOSEPH WILLIAMS of the Retreat, in Westmoreland; had a certificate in the name of Peter Franklyn, which he says he bought for twelve bits, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 10/31 PHILLIS, a Mundingo, owner unknown, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 11/5 MELL, a creole, to CHARLOTTE BUCHANAN, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 11/11 BILLY, a creole, to ROBERT KINNON, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 11/13 CU DJOE, a creole, to Farm Estate, marks not plain, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 11/26 QUASHEBA, a creole, to BARD Kingston, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 12/3 JOE, a Coromantee to GULLY 5 ft. 1 in. high. 12/11 QUAMIN, a creole, to JOHN HADSON, marked W T B on both shoul ders, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 12/22 HEREFORD, a creole, to JOHN PRICE Esq., Luidas Estate, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 12/25 Trelawny Workhouse 1790. [RG] CONCERN, an Eboe to Browns Hall Estate, near to Spanish Town, marked P B, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 7/19 [ NON AME ] a new Negro marked O owner unknown, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 7/19 Westmoreland Workhouse 1790. [RG] QUASHY, a creole, to Hope Estate, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/1 [ NONAME ] a new Negro boy, to THOMAS HILL name and country unknown, 4 ft. 2 in. high. 10/ 11

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247 CORNWALLIS, a Moco to JOSEPH WEARE 5 ft. 1 in. high. 11/12 1791 Clarendon Workhouse 1791. [RG] PHILIP, a Chamba to ABRAHAM DUNKLEY, dec., marked W M right shoulder, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 1/26 THOMAS, a creole, to E. H. DAVIS a free mulatto, Spanish Town, no mark, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 2/2 HOLA, a Spanish [ creole] Negro, says he is free, from on board the sloop La Condelaria, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 2/3 BERKSHIRE, a Chamba to Kelly Penn, marked P B K left shoulder, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 2/17 NERO, a c reole, to CLARK no mark, 4 ft. 9 in. high. 3/9 JOE, a creole, to KITTY FENNEL in St. Thomas in the East, no mark, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 3/15 [ NONAME ] a new Negro his name and owner unknown, has no mark. 3/18 SMART, a new Negro to RATLIF mark defa ced, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 3/18 LANDON, a Nago to Capt. NEULDS mark defaced, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 3/23 JAMIE, a Nago to RATLIF mark defaced, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 4/8 WARWICK, a creole, to Miss JOHNSON a free black owner, in Above Rocks, 5 ft. 61/ 2 in. high. 5/8 JENNY, a Moco owner unknown, marked D C 5 ft. 2 in. high. 5/12 JACK, a Moco owner unknown, marked D C 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/12 DICK, a Moco owner unknown, marked D C 5 ft. 8 in. high. 5/15 MOLLY, a creole, to WILLIAM BECKFORD, no ma rk, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 7/4 QUASHIE, a Mundingo, to HENRY LOMSON, Esq., Kingston, no mark, 6 ft. 1 in. high. 9/14 CHARLES, a creole, to JACOB GATTERES Spanish Town, no mark, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 9/16 JUDY, a Mundingo, to WOOLYKINS marked E W left shoulder, 5 ft. 71/4 in. high. 10/21

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248 JENNY, a Coromantee to Miss GRACIE Kingston, no mark, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 10/23 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro, name and owner unknown, no mark, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 10/27 HECTOR, a Moco to Mr. POWELL, marked B P left sho ulder, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 11/2 COUNTESS, a Papaw to MARY ROBERTS Kingston, marked M R in one right shoulder, 5 ft. high. 11/4 JOHN, a creole mulatto boy, a son of Countess, to MARY ROBERTS Kingston, no mark, 3 ft. 11 in. high. 11/4 JOHN, a Coroma ntee, to Swanswick Estate in Trelawny, the property of G. H. CLERKE Esq., no mark, 5 ft. 8 in. high.93 11/7 Hanover Workhouse 1791. [RG] BEN, a creole, to GEORGE GOODIN, Westmoreland, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 2/5 [ NONAME ] a new Negro name, country, and owner unknown, supposed to belong to Camp. Savanna, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 2/13 [ NONAME ] a new Negro name, country, and owner unknown, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 2/22 JOE,94 a Coromantee to JARVIS GUILLMORE 5 ft. 7 in. high. 3/28 SURRY, a Mundingo, to BUTCHER THOMSON St. James, marked W E on left shoulder, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 4/13 KENT, a Mundingo, to BUTCHER THOMASON [ THOMSON], St. James, marked W E on left shoulder, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 4/13 SMART, an Eboe to ROGERS Montego Bay, marked G L 5 ft. 8 in. high. 4/22 TINKAR, a creole, to W. RHOKES BERNARD, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 4/25 KENT, to GRAHAM Anchovy Bottom Estate, marked M I C 5 ft. 3 in. high. 5/15 [ NONAME ] a Negro man, cannot tell his owner s name, marked R H 5 ft. 6 in. high. 5/15 93 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.282284, 94 14 April 1791 listed as PHILIP.

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249 [ NONAME ] and [ NONAME ] two Negroes, owner unknown, no mark, one 5 ft. 5 in. high, the other 5 ft. 53/4 in. high. 5/15 JEFFREY, an Eboe a new Negro, owner unknown, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 5/15 BOB, to Treadway, Negril, 5 ft. 6 in. 5/26 [ NONAME ] a Negro man, cannot tell his owner s name, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 5/27 [ NONAME ] and [ NONAME ] two Negro women, owner(s) unknown. 5/27 [ NONAME ] and [ NONAME ] two new Negro men, names and owners unknown, no mark. 5/27 [ NONAME ] a Coromantee a new Negro, name and owner unknown, ma rked T B 5 ft. 6 in. 8/2 HAMLET, a creole, to Retrieve Estate, Westmoreland, formerly to Catherine Hall, St. James, 4 ft. 9 in. high.95 10/19 POPE, to DANIEL SEAVER Westmoreland, marked D S on the right shoulder, says he has been runaway three years, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 11/5 QUASHIE, a creole boy, says he came from Cornwall Estate, Westmoreland, formerly belonged to Three Mile River, but does not know his right owner, 4 ft. 7 in. high.96 12/9 SALLY, a Nago and her child QUASHIE, to WILLIAM TOWNSEND, Sava nna la Mar. 12/13 JACK, a creole, to FANNY MITCHELL Savanna la Mar, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 12/30 Kingston Workhouse 1791. [RG] NEARO, a Mungola to CHARLES GRAHAM marked C G 5 ft. 1 in. high. 1/3 TRIM, a Congo, to CHARLES GRAHAM 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 1/6 PETER, a Chamba to WALTER ADAMS Montego Bay, marked C S on top, 5 ft. 11 in. high. 1/10 ROMEO, a Coromantee to ROBERT RICHARDS 5 ft. 53/4 in. high. 1/11 95 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.66. 96 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.105, 238, 243.

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250 JANUARY, a creole, to MILLWARD Spanish Town, 5 ft. 53/4 in. high. 1/13 STREPHON, a creole to the Farm, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 1/15 POLIDORE, a creole, to Mrs. ELIZA MARE St. George, marked E M on top, shoulder, and breast, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 1/16 GEORGE, a Mundingo, to HORN or HORNER 5 ft. 9 in. high. 1/19 VENUS, a Nago 5 ft. 1/2 in. high. 1/19 [ NONAME ] a Congo, a new Negro man, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 1/19 SIMON, a creole of Curacao, to Dr. ROBERT BOLTON, St. Thomas in the Vale, marked R B, 4 ft. 7 in. high. 1/23 MARLBOROUGH, owner and country unknown, marked I W 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 1/23 DICK, a Congo, owner unknown, marked I H 5 ft. 6 in. high. 1/23 HARDTIME, a creole, to JOSEPH INNIS, marked I I, on top, 4 ft. 11/2 in. high. 1/2397 HARRY, a Congo, owner unknown, marked I H 5 ft. 63/4 in. high. 1/24 PETER, a Mundingo, owner unknown, marked I L 5 ft. 51/4 in. high. 1/24 MONTEZUMA, a creole, to SAMUEL JOHNSON, marked C I 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 1/25 DOLLY, a Congo, to JAMES STEWART, marked A D on top, 4 ft. 8 in. high. 1/26 PRINCE, a creole, to JAMES + BRERCUN 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 1/27 CYRUS, a Chamba to SAMUEL JOHNSON, marked T C I on his breast, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 1/27 PATRICK, a n Eboe to JOSEPH ORR marked I O 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 1/27 MERZOD, a Chamba to SILVERA marked E S 5 ft. 2 in. high. 1/28 CATO, a Moco 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 2/1 97 See also: HARDTIMES, a creole, to ENNIS, marked I I, between, on top, on the right shoulder, 4 ft. 2 in. high. 8/16

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251 TONY, a Mungola to the Rev. THOMAS REES marked W 5 ft. 3 in. high. 2/3 AMERICA, a Mungola to CHARLES GRAHAM marked C G 5 ft. 4 in. high. 2/12 QUEEN, a creole, to the King s House, Spanish Town, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 2/14 KATY, a creole, to THOMAS BOND, 5 ft. 31/4 in. high. 2/20 KITTY, a creole, to BRYAN, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 2/21 A NTHONY, a creole, to WILLIAM BAILEY Port Morant, 4 ft. 91/2 in. high. 2/22 WILLIAM, a Mundingo, to WILLIAM PATERSON, marked W B both shoulders, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 2/22 FRANKY, a creole, to JAMES McQUIN, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 2/23 SCIPIO, a creole, to ABRAHAM LOPEZ Spanish Town, 4 ft. 9 in. high. 2/23 BILLY, a Mundingo, to JOHN HARRIS marked I H 5 ft. 4 in. high. 2/23 HARDTIMES, a creole, to Mrs. RACHEL MESSIGH, marked I M right shoulder, 4 ft. 21/2 in. high. 2/25 BOB, a Chamba to Mrs. WILLIS 5 ft. 10 in. high. 2/26 SAM, a creole, 4 ft. 51/2 in. high. 2/28 QUACO, a creole, to THOMAS KAYLET marked T K 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 3/1 JOHN, a creole, to ROBERT HAMILTON, 3 ft. 83/4 in. high. 3/3 SYKES, a Whakie [Wakee] to SALLY PHOPES marked P on top, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 3/4 PHIBA, a creole, to ROBERT SUTHERLAND, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 3/4 SALINDA, a creole, to Ireland Grove, 4 ft. 9 in. high. 3/5 BUFFY, a creole, to ZACH. BAYLY EDWARDS, very far gone with child, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 3/9 LUCRETI A, a Banda ZACH. BAYLY EDWARDS, very far gone with child, 5 ft. 1/2in. high. 3/9

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252 NANNY, a Chamba to Mrs. CAMMACK, 4 ft. 11 in. high. 3/9 DUCHESS, a creole, to CORNELIUS MURRAY, 5 ft. 13/4 in. high. 3/9 WILLIAM OTTRAM, a creole, a mulatto, to GEO. BARRISS St. Mary; he had a large bay horse with him when taken, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 3/10 DAWNES, a Chamba to WILLIAM SMELLIE 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 3/12 WILL, a Mungola a new Negro, 4 ft. 6 in. high. 3/13 TOBY, a Chamba to Rhine estate, marked W C 5 ft 31/2 in. high. 3/14 SHEERNOLD, a Mundingo, to CHARLES DOLPHIN, marked O D, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 3/14 ROSY, a Chamba 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 3/14 EVE, a Chamba to CUTH. JOHNSON, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 3/15 ANTHONY, a Mandingo, to ROBERT HUNTER 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 3/15 KATY, an Eboe to D. BROWN 4 ft. 3 in. high. 3/16 CAROLINE, a Chamba to CATHERINE JOHNSON, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 3/16 FANNY, a creole, to ROBERT SPALDING, marked R S 5 ft. 3 in. high. 3/16 NANNY, a creole, to GEORGE KENTING, mark defa ced, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 3/17 BETTRESS, a Coromantee to PALMER 5 ft. 6 in. high. 3/17 SAPHO, a Mungola to RODNEY, 5 ft. 1/2in high. 3/17 NANCY, a Papaw to JOHN BROWN, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 3/17 JACK, a creole, says he is free, 4 ft. 111/2 in. high. 3/18 LUCINEA, a Succo to ELIZABETH DICKERSON, marked L E K on top, 5 ft. 23/4 in. high. 3/19 PHIBA, an Eboe to ROBERT THOMSON, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 3/19 ADAM, a Mandingo, to GEORGE FLOYD, marked G F 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 3/21

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253 WILLIAM, a Mandingo, to the estate of JOSEPH WOODHOUSE 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 3/21 PATIENCE, a creole, to WILLIAM BURROWES St. Mary, marked W B all in one, shoulders and breast, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 3/21 OXFORD, a Moco to RIVERS 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 3/21 HAMLET, a Coromantee, to SAMUEL DELPRUIT 5 ft. 1 in. high. 3/22 GEORGE, a Congo, to the estate of WILLIAM SMITH marked P C 5 ft. 3 in. high. 3/22 RICHMOND, a Coromantee to Dr. JAMES COCKBURN, marked P 5 ft. 31/4 in. high. 3/23 ROSIE, a Congo, to JAMES DICKSON, 5 ft. 2 1/2 in. high. 3/23 HARRY, a creole, to JOHN HOGG, Vere, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 3/23 OLIPHANT, a Mundingo, to JOSHUA TALB 5 ft. 101/4 in. high. 3/23 STREPHON, a Coromantee to GEORGE LOWE St. John, marked G L 5 ft. 5 in. high. 3/23 JOHN, a creo le to JAMES FRANKSON, 4 ft. 113/4 in. high. 3/25 PORTSMOUTH, a creole, to WILLIAM WALTERS 5 ft. 7 in. high. 3/26 JUBA, a Congo, to J. R. FORRESTER 4 ft. high. 3/27 NED, a Shantee [Asante] to BRUCE 5 ft. 5 in. high. 3/27 FRANCIS, a creole, to GEOR GE WOOTTON, 4 ft. 3 in. high. 4/1 PETER, a Mungola to Fort Augusta, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 4/7 ROSEY, a Chamba to ROBERT SAWDON, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 4/15 [ NONAME ] [ NONAME ] [ NONAME ] three new Negro men, names and owners unknown, can speak no English, ma rked on the shoulder G W B on top, about 5 ft. 7 in. high. 4/15 DIDO, an Eboe to DAVID HENDERSON, St. George, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 4/16 POMPEY, a creole, to JOHN WHITE Spanish Town, marked S right shoulder, the other letter defaced, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 4/22 CHARLES, a Moco to JAMES CLARKE Bath, 4 ft. 61/2 in. high. 4/22

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254 CONSTANTINE, a Congo, marked G R F on top, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 4/22 TOM, a Congo, to ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL St. Mary, marked A C 4 ft. 9 in. high. 5/1 SIMON, a Mundingo, to TAYLOR 5 ft. 2 in. high. 5/5 JACK, a Mundingo, marked T S in one 4 ft. 1/2in high. 5/6 GEORGE, a creole, to ANGUS McKAY, marked A K S B on top, right shoulder, S B on left, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 5/8 KITTY, a Congo, to Mr. KELLAR marked T G or T C 5 ft. 1 in. high. 5/9 NEPTUNE, a creole, to JOHN HALL Annotto Bay, 4 ft. 51/2 in. high. 5/9 CUFFIE, a creole, to ESIBER SILVERA marked E S 5 ft. 91/2 in. high. 5/10 QUASHIE, a Congo, to WILLIAM PEASON, marked W P 5 ft. 33/4 in. high. 5/11 JOE, a creole, to J OHN HAST marked W on a crow s foot, both breasts and right shoulder, 4 ft. 93/4 in. high. 5/13 WAPPIN, a Mundingo, to Mr. PLUNKETT 5 ft. 5 in. high. 5/13 PHILIP, a creole, to CHARLOTTE BARNETT 4 ft. 91/2 in. high. 5/14 [ NONAME ] a Coromantee a ne w Negro woman, to Mr. PLUNKETT 5 ft. 1/4in. high. 5/15 SOPPY, a Mundingo, to the estate of THOMAS DEARS 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 5/16 CUDJOE, a creole, to ROBERT THOMSON, marked R T 4 ft. 10 in. high. 5/17 POMPEY, a Mundingo, to Capt. SKINNER 5 ft. 1 in. high. 5/19 ADAM, a Mundingo, to JOSEPH CHAMBERS marked W H both shoulders, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 5/19 SOLOMON DICK, an American, says he is free, 5 ft. 4 1/2 in. high. 5/19 ADAM, a Banda to JAMES RENNY, marked W H and a in one, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 5/27 ROMEO, a Coromantee to Mrs. NEMBLARD, marked E 4 ft. 81/2 in. high. 5/27

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255 [ NONAME ] a Mundingo, a new Negro man, marked I T 5 ft. 3 in. high. 5/27 QUASHIE, a creole, to CHARLES DOLPHIN, 5 ft. high. 5/28 SCIPIO, a creole, to McKENZIE mark ed M K in one, right breast, cheek, and forehead, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 5/30 GEORGE, a Congo, to the Farm, marked G 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 5/31 ANDREW, a Moco to CAMPBELL or DUNCAN, 5 ft. 51/4 in. high. 5/31 FORTUNE, a Chamba to JOSEPH EMANUEL 5 ft. 91/2 in. high. 6/1 TOM SORREL, a creole mulatto, to Mrs. ANDREW 5 ft. 8 in. high. 6/2 KATE, an Eboe to Doctor BROWN, Bucknors Bay, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 6/4 JOE, an Eboe to Doctor BROWN, Bucknors Bay, 5 ft. 1/2in. high. 6/4 WILL, an Eboe to Doctor BR OWN, Bucknors Bay, 5 ft. 13/4 in. high. 6/4 TOM, a Mungola to THOMAS NORTBY, Spanish Town, marked T N 5 ft. 23/4 in. high. 6/5 RICHARD, a creole, to WILLIAM YOUNG, 4 ft. 41/2 in. high. 6/5 BOB, a creole of Montserrat, says he is free, 6 ft. 1 in. high. 6/5 WILLIAM, a Mundingo, to SAM JOHNSON, 5 ft. 83/4 in. high. 6/7 QUAMIN, a creole, to JOEL MITCHELL marked W T B both shoulders, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 6/11 QUAW, a creole, to Mrs. CATHERINE BAKER 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 6/12 FRANK, a creole, to Counsellor SCRIVEN marked L W 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 6/16 QUASHIE, a creole, to THOMAS GRAY GABERTON, 4 ft. 113/4 in. high. 6/16 FIORA, a Coromantee to Sir CHARLES PRICE Esq., 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 6/16 QANCO, a creole, to the Farm, marked C P on top, 4 ft. 11 in. high. 6/16 ROMEO, a Mungola to D. FENN marked Roland, Cap underneath, right breast, 5 ft. 33/4 in. high. 6/17

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256 PRUE, a Succo to MILLWARD marked I S 5 ft. 6 in. high. 6/17 CUMBERLAND, a Congo, to the estate of LESLIE marked H 5 ft. 33/4 in. high. 6/24 COLIN, a creole, to CHARLES DOLPHIN, marked C D on top, 4 ft. 9 in. high. 6/27 SABINA, a creole, to Mrs. MORRIS St. Mary, marked M 5 ft. 4 in. high. 8/12 TARA, a creole, to Mrs. SPENCER 4 ft. high. 8/24 FORTUNE, an E boe to D. MITCHELL 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 8/27 MARIA, a Succo to WILLIAM WHITE marked M 4 ft. 10 in. high. 9/2 HECTOR, a creole, to WILLIAM HAMILTON, St. Mary, marked W H 5 ft. 4 in. high. 9/19 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro man, 5 ft. 61/2 in. hi gh. 9/28 CUFFIE, a creole, to R. HUTEBILON, marked R B, on top, 5 ft. 43/4 in. high. 10/6 JUBA, a Coromantee owner unknown, 5 ft. high. 10/18 AMELIA, a creole, to SALL CROSGILL, marked M E C 4 ft. 10 in. high. 10/23 RETA, a creole, to THOMAS ALLEN, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 10/25 JACK, a creole, to Mrs. PALMER Old Harbour, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 10/26 ABRAHAM, a Mundingo, to the estate of THOMAS CRAIGILL dec., 5 ft. 93/4 in. high. 11/1 FRANK, a creole, to C. WADE marked C W both shoulders, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 11/2 TOM, a Chamba to DAVID LITTLEJOHN, marked PO OL 5 ft. 2 in. high. 11/2 ROSEY, a Chamba to MARY McCLARY, marked S F right arm, M C left shoulder, 4 ft. 101/2 in. high. 11/3 CHLOE, a Wakee, to MARY McCLARY, 5 ft. high. 11/3 TOM, a Mundingo, to KINGSBOROUGH, marked S right shoulder, 5 ft. 11 in. high. 11/4 SAMMY, a creole, to Mrs. BERN 4 ft. high. 11/6 PEGGY, a creole, to GRACE HARRY, marked G H, on top, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 11/8

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257 JEMMY, a Mundingo, a new Negro, 5 ft. 91/2 in. high. 11/9 CHARLES, a creole, to ALEX McLEOD, 4 ft. 101/2 in. high. 11/10 WAWAY, a Congo, to the estate of HASTIE 5 ft. 5 in. high. 11/13 CHARLES, a creole, to Dr. FINLAYSON, 4 ft. 111/2 in. high. 11/15 BILLY, a Chamba to Mr. ROWLAND, marked D 5 ft. 6 in. high. 11/22 GLASGOW, a Chamba to WILLIAM FRANKS 5 ft. 4 in. high. 11/24 GEORGE, a creole, to LOYDs estate, St. John, 5 ft. 11/4 in. high. 11/30 JOHN BURD, a creole, says he is free, 4 ft. 61/2 in. high. 12/3 TOBY, a Nago to John Douglass, 5 ft. high. 12/3 JOE, a creole, a mulatto, to New Works, St. Ann, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 12/7 JACK, alias WAGNON, a Congo, to Mr. NELSON or JOHNSON, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 12/15 Morant Bay Workhouse 1791. [RG] JAMEY, a creole, to FRANCIS HALL Kingston, no brandmark, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. [n.d.] CHARLOTTE, a Mandingo, to CA THCART Kingston, 5 ft. 11/4 in. high. 1/18 PUFFEY, a creole, to BRADLEY, Kingston, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 1/18 KITTY, a creole Negro girl, to FRANCIS HALL Kingston, no brandmark, 4 ft. 41/2 in. high. 2/15 KITTY, a Mundingo, to THOMAS KINGSTON, no brandmark, 5 ft. 43/4 in. high. 2/15 BUNGOE, a small old Negro woman, owner and country unknown, marked on both breasts A M 4 ft. 61/2 in. high.98 2/15 JACK, a Mundingo, to JOHN KELLY, dec., MontegoBay, no brandmark, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 3/14 98 Cf.: A little hump backed old woman, speaks no English (4/14).

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258 HAZARD, a Congo, to GEORGE STUART St. David, marked on the right shoulder G S and Y on top, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 3/23 TOM, an Eboe to JOBA CLARK, Kingston, no brandmark, has very crooked legs, 4 ft. 8 in. high. 3/23 JACK, a Mundingo, to Stanton Estate, marked on the shoulder W B S on top, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 3/23 JAMES COLNOS, a creole, says he is free, no brandmark, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 4/6 QUAMINA, a Coromantee owner unknown, marked on both shoulders D 5 ft. 51/4 in. high. 4/6 [ NONAME ] a Congo, a new Negro man, owner unknown, marked on the right shoulder P A, T on top, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 4/6 [ NONAME ] a Congo, a new Negro, owner unknown, marked on the right shoulder P A, T on top, 5 ft. 41/4 in. high. 4/6 TOMMY, a Congo, says his owner lives near Bath, has his country marks on his back and arms, is very sickly, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 4/9 CUDJOE, to NEWEL Liguanea, no brandmark, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 4/12 LYDIA, an Eboe to the estate of JOHN KELLY, Esq. dec., marked on the right shoulder I K 5 ft. 23/4 in. high. 4/13 DRAYTON, a Coromantee to NATHANIEL PHILLIPS Esq., marked on the right shoulder D O inclosed in a 4 ft. 10 in. high. 4/18 [ NONAME ] a dumb Negro man, owner unknown, marked on the right shoulder G B has a large scar on his back, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 4/18 ADAM, a Mundingo, owner unknown, marked on the right shoulder T S R on top, 5ft. 61/2 in. high. 4/19 OTWAY, a creole, to MARY HARRIS very hard of hearing, by trade an upholsterer, 5 ft. 83/4 in. high. 4/19 JAMES, a Moco to a Mr. BATTRAY, marked I B or H B on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 33/4 in. high. 4/25 PATIENCE, a new Negro woman, owner and country unknown, marked on the right shoulder P F the P reversed, speaks very little English, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 4/28

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259 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, owner and country unknown, marked both breasts A.M ., 4 ft. 91/2 in. high. 5/8 YORK, an Eboe says he belongs to JAMES BEDLOW who died in the parishhouse of Kingston about five years ago, and had when taken up, a ticket signed James Bedlow [sic] dated Jan. 26, 1790, no brandmark, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 5/10 WARWICK, to JAMES RUNNY, Esq., marked on the right shoulder I R 4 on top, 5 ft. 81/2 in. high. 6/1 PRINCE, a creole, to Messrs. BOGLE & JOPP no brandmark, 5 ft. high. 6/7 MARIA, a Coromantee to LUCAS Kingston, no brandmark, 5 ft. high. 6/8 JOE, a creole Negro boy, to JOHN WEST marke d on both breasts and right shoulder W on a crow's foot. 6/8 QUACO, a Coromantee to JOHN BURK, marked on the right shoulder I B 4 on top, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 6/13 CHARLES, a Chamba to Mrs. FOSTER marked on the right shoulder A P, and has his country ma rks in his face, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 7/5 JOHN, a Nago to Stewart, no mark, 5 ft. high. 8/20 QUAMIN, a Coromantee to GREEN marked on the right shoulder H 5 ft. 51/4 in. high. 9/28 JOSEPH GEOGAEGAN, a creole, says he is free, has no brandmark, 5 ft. 4 1/4 in. high. 10/7 GEORGE, a creole Negro boy, says he belongs to a Mr. GOODING, has blind marks on both shoulders, and a defect in the right eye, 4 ft. 101/4 in. high. 10/23 CUPID, a Coromantee says he belongs to JAMES BEATTIE, marked I B on the right shoulder, 4 ft. 9 1/2 in. high. 11/8 BENEBA, a stout creole Negro woman, to ALVES Kingston, no brandmark, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 11/12 SUE, of the Congo country, an old Negro woman, owner unknown, marked on both shoulders with W B on top, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 11/16 MARY, a creole, and her two children [CHILD] [CHILD] to JONATHAN CURTIN, no brandmark, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 11/29

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260 TOM, a new Negro country and owner unknown, no brandmark, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 12/5 CUPID, a Coromante e to BEATTIE, marked I B on right shoulder, has round his neck a pair of pothooks, 4 ft. 91/2 in. high. 12/14 Portland Workhouse 1791. [RG] ALICE, country unknown, says she belongs to Mr. DAVISON, marked I D 5 ft. 8 in. high. 1/7 CUBA, a creole, say s she belonged to a Mr. GILEAD, dec., and was sold to THOMAS ALLEN, of Kingston, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 11/22 St. Ann Workhouse 1791. [RG] DIOGENES, or JAMES a Congo, to SCARLET in Trelawny, 5 ft. high. 1/3 HUMPHREY, a creole, to WILLIAM HIND Esq., at White River, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 1/11 TOM, a Suco to DAVIES in Spanish Town, near the Race Course, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 1/11 QUAMIN, a creole, to MURRAY the wheelwright, in Clarendon, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 1/13 BRUTUS, or BRISTOL a Congo, to JAMES marked I T 1/20 DAMEN, a new Negro owner and country unknown. 2/3 M c GHIE, a new Negro owner and country unknown. 2/4 BOB, or ROGER a creole, to SMART the millwright, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 2/23 NED, a Moco to PATISON the mason, at Martha Brae, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 3/4 BRUTUS, to TAWS marked I T 3/20 ESSEX, a new Negro owner unknown, marked G P E on top, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 3/22 [ NONAME ] a new Negro name, owner, and country unknown, marked I C W 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 5/15 QUASHIE, to Richmond Estate, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/17 JOHN, a Chamba to DAVIS 5 ft. 1 in. high. 6/2

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261 WAKEE, a Wakee, owner unknown, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 6/5 PHOEBE, a creole, to GREAVES s, 4 ft. 3 in. high. 6/6 [ NONAME ] a Congo, a new Negro woman, owner unknown, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 6/6 JAM ES, a creole, to MOUETT 5 ft. 8 in. 9/2 WILLIAM CLARKE, or CHARLES a mulatto with bushy hair, to Spring Estate in St. Thomas in the East. 9/25 SALLY, a Mungola to PATERSON, 5 ft. 23/4 in. high. 10/15 HERCULES, a Mungola to PATERSON, 5 ft. 1/2in. high. 10/15 SOMERSET, a Breeche [ Igbo ], to BARRET 5 ft. 1/2in. high. 10/16 NED, a Canga to BARRISS marked G B 4 ft. 41/2 in. high. 10/17 GREY, a Congo, to BARNETT marked G B 5 ft. 5 in. high. 11/11 GEORGE, a mulatto creole, to WILLIAM GALLIMORE Spices Hill, Trelawny, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 11/12 BOB, a creole, to HARRY LORD, St. Thomas in the Vale, 5 ft. high. 11/13 OCTOBER, a Congo, to BARNETT in Trelawny, 4 ft. 111/2 in. high. 11/13 CYRUS, an Eboe to BARNETT marked G G B 5 ft. 1 in. high. 11/17 CUFFEY, a Mundingo, to FULLERTON marked A F, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 11/18 [ NONAME ] a new Negro name, owner, and country unknown. 11/20 LEMON, a Moco to JOBOSTON, St. Ann, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 11/21 St. Elizabeth Workhouse 1791. [RG] PRIMUS, a creole, to JOHN MOUNT or Dumfries Estate, St. James, marked I M on the right shoulder, and a 2 or a over the mark, not plain, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 1/10 [ NONAME ] a Chamba a new Negro man, marked I W P on top, or E W P on top, on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 1/28

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262 JOHN GREGORY, a mulatto, to Whitney Estate, Clarendon, 5 ft. 11 in. high. 99 2/6 PETER or WILL a Mundingo, to ROSS Kingston, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 3/22 EUCLID, a Mundingo, to Sweet River, Westmoreland, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 4/13 CATO, a cr eole, to Froome [Frome] Estate, seemingly marked W G on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 5/19 BILLY, a creole, says he belongs to the King, he was formerly sold from FULLERSWOOD, St. Elizabeth, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 5/22 CUFFIE, a creole, to LYNCH, mark ed I L 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 5/23 WILLIAM, a creole, to WALLER St. Mary, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/27 ADAM, to WILLIAM JONES Westmoreland, marked on both shoulders and both breasts, though neither of them distinct, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 5/30 SANCHO, a Moco to REID Lucea, 4 ft. 10 in. 6/3 [ NONAME ] a Chamba a new Negro, owner and name unknown. 10/22 JEMMY, to ALEX MURRAY, St. Elizabeth. 11/8 BRUTUS, formerly to JAMES GALT Senr. 11/8 St. James Workhouse 1791. [RG] CATO, to NICHOLAS BLAKE Westmoreland. 1/5 PUFFY, and CHILD, to the heirs of MARY RICHARDSON, late of Montego Bay. 1/8 99 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.118120. ADAM, to MORELAND, Westmoreland. 1/12 CHARLES, to LIBERT Trelawny; ran off the island and brought back by the Marquis of Worcester Capt. Shilstone, arrived the 2nd insta nt. 2/3 FRIENDSHIP, to Running gut Estate; ran off the island and brought back by the Marquis of Worcester Capt. Shilstone, arrived the 2nd instant. 2/3

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263 [ NONAME ] and [ NONAME ] two new Negros names, country, and owners unknown, no mark. 2/7 LIBERTY, to Mrs. PATTERSON Prospect Estate, Hanover. 2/19 WILLIAM HENRY, a Barbadian, pitted with the smallpox; he has a copy of a certificate of freedom signed Gidney Clark. 3/23 [ NONAME ] a Chamba Negro, no mark, name and owner unknown. 4/1 [ NONAME ] a new Negro marked on both shoulders D M 4/4 [ NONAME ] a new Negro name and owner unknown, supposed to belong to some person in Hanover, no mark. 4/6 [ NONAME ] of the Eboe country, a new Negro man, marked on the right shoulder I B 4/14 [ NONAME ] of the Eboe country, a new Negro man, no mark. 4/18 [ NONAME ] of the Mundingo country, a new Negro woman, supposed to belong to Mr. JOBLIN no mark. 4/27 CUFFEE, of the Eboe country, a new Negro manboy, owner unknown. 5/2 BEN, and JOE, [both] of the Mundingo country, two new Negroes, owner unknown; Ben has remarkable large breasts. 5/3 GLOUCESTER, a new Negro man, marked on right shoulder S S. 5/6 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man boy, no mark, name and country unknown. 5/7 SUSEY, to Amity Hall Estate. 5/8 RI CHARD GREEN, a likely young Negro, says he is free, but is supposed to belong to some person in Kingston or Spanish Town. 5/14 JAMES, to Amity Hall Estate.100 5/15 TABIA, and COCO, to Fairfield Estate. 5/17 THOMAS JOHNSTON, an American, supposed to belong to his Majesty s Tenth Regiment. 5/17 100 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.132 (Clarendon), 125, 233 (S t. Thomas).

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264 AEMILIA, to HENRY W. GOLLIMORE Trelawny, marked left shoulder H W G 6/2 CUDJOE, a Congo, to ROBERT WATT, St. George, 4 ft. 11 in. high. 7/30 VENTURE, to GEORGE GILEBRIST marked P D 9/8 MYRA, to JENNY TOWNE 9/ 8 NELLY, to JOHN BLONOE 10/4 MARY, to JOHN TERRY. 10/19 POLYDORE, to JOHN TERRY. 10/23 MARY THOMAS, a mulatto, says she is free. 10/23 [ NONAME ] an Eboe a new Negro man, marked on his right shoulder A D between. 10/25 ANDREW, an Eboe owner unknown, mark a 5 ft. 3 in. high. 10/29 SCIPIO, an Eboe owner unknown, marke d P H on top, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 10/29 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name and owner unknown, no mark, 5 ft. high. 11/1 LIVERPOOL, a Coromantee to McGHIE Martha Brae, marked, 5 ft. 3/4in. high. 11/4 PROVIDENCE, to McGHIE Martha Brae, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 11/4 St. Mary Workhouse 1791. [RG] CHARLES, a creole, to H. GILMORE White River, marked on breasts and shoulders H G on top, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 1/6 SUSAN, a Coromantee to the estate of CHALRES KELFUL dec., mark defaced, 4 ft. 11 in. high. 1/6 PENDER, a Mundingo, to the estate of CHALRES KELFUL dec., mark defaced, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 1/6 JUBA, a creole, to Tremolesworth Estate, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 1/7 HANNIBAL, an Eboe to Dr. ANDERSON, White River, marked on the left shoulder I A 5 ft. 4

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265 in. high.101 1/7 SMART, belonging to the estate of FRANCIS PENDERGAST dec., or JOEL MITCHELL Kingston, marked F P, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 1/13 TITUS, a Mundingo, belonging to BRADBE LL, marked W G 5 ft. 8 in. high. 2/8 MARGARET, a Mundingo, belonging to GEORGE GIDDIS, Kingston, her two ears cut off, and nose defaced, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 2/10 Spanish Town Workhouse 1791. [RG] NANNY, a creole, to GoldenGrove Estate, 5 ft. 5 in. hig h.102 1/3 DICK, a creole, to TIMOTHY GREGORY, marked I T on both shoulders, and right breast, and I F at top, on left breast, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 1/6 ROME, a creole, to JONES 5 ft. 1 in. high. 1/8 ORANGE, a creole, to Parnassus estate, marked H D on both shoulders, 5 ft. 4 in. high.103 1/12 [ NONAME ] an Eboe a new Negro woman, name and owner unknown, 4 ft. 9 in. high. 1/13 QUASHEBA, a creole, to Williken s estate, marked W H D in one, on left shoulder, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 1/14 EDINBURGH, a Coro mantee, to Mr. RODREAA, marked I R on right shoulder, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 1/14 101 The river straddled the border of St. David and St. Thomas in the East parishes; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.252. 102 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.125 (St. Thomas), 205206 (Trelawny). 103 Clarendon parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.9596. TOM, a Congo boy, to A. CAMPBELL, marked A C on the left shoulder. 1/18 AYR, a creole, to JOHN EVANSON, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 1/18 CUDJOE, a creole, to JEREMIAH BARTON, ma rked I B on right shoulder and both cheeks. 1/20 ADAM, a Moco a new Negro man, owner unknown, marked R R on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 1/2

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266 in. high. 1/22 DUBLIN, a Moco a new Negro man, owner unknown, the same mark [ R R] as Adam, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 1/22 CHARLOTTE, an Eboe to Albion Estate, marks not plain, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high.104 1/28 GRACE, a creole, to Mrs. STEWART, 4 ft. 81/2 in. high. 1/31 RICHMOND, a Mandingo, to [ ? ], marked I S on left shoulder, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 2/1 NELLY, a creole, to [ ? ], 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 2/3 ADAW, a new Negro a woman, owner unknown, marked W B on left shoulder, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 2/4 FRANK, a new Negro marked W B on left shoulder, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 2/4 POMPEY, a new Negro marked W B on right shoulder, 5 ft. 6 1/2 in. high. 2/4 CHIPS, a creol e to WILSON St. Ann. 2/5 PRINCESS, a creole, to CHARLES McINTYRE marked C M on right shoulder, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 2/8 CUDJOE, a Mundingo, to Mrs. HANNAH, marked A H on both shoulders, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 2/10 LETTICE, a creole, to Mr. ROBINSON, Kingston, 5 ft. 1/2 in. high. 2/12 PHOEBE, a Mundingo, to McCARE Kingston, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 2/13 HAMILTON, a Mundingo, to Mr. YOUNG, marked T T, 4 on top, on right shoulder, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 2/14 104 St. Thomas parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.139145. JOHN, a new Negro of the Mundingo country, owner unknown, marked W T on right shoulder, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 2/15 JAMES, a new Negro of the Mundingo country, marked W T on right shoulder, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 2/15 ADAM, a Mungola to BAYLEY, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 2/16

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267 JOHNSON, a Mundingo, to Mr. BRAMWELL, Kingston, marked W B on right shoulders, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 2/23 DICK, an American, to JAMES WELTON 5 ft. 4 in. high. 2/26 SAWNEY, a Portuguese Congo, to JAMES HENRY, marks not plain on right shoulder, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 2/27 CRETIA, a creole, to FellowshipHall Estate, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 3/3 PRINCE, a creole, to Mrs. McTAVISH, marked A S in both shoulders, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 3/3 CANDIS, a Congo boy, to HILLIARD Kingston. 3/6 DORCAS, an Eboe a new Negro woman, ow ner unknown, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 3/7 ROSE, a Moco a new Negro woman, owner unknown, 5 ft. high. 3/7 CUDJOE, a creole, to BUTLER Old Harbour, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 3/8 KENT, a Moco to Mrs. MARSHALL St. Thomas in the Vale, marked with A F on right shoulder, and I M on the left, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 3/9 JOHN WILLIAMS, alias JOHN PIERRE says he is a French [ creole] Negro, marked on the right breast IEREMY and BNPVET at top, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 3/9 HANNIBAL, a Coromantee to the Ferry Plantation, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 3/13 SUSANNA, an Eboe to Dr. CHAMBERLAYNE 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 3/14 TOWERHILL, a creole, to MATTBEE, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 3/14 BOSTON, a Congo, to HIBBERT 5 ft. 8 in. high. 3/14 [ NONAME ] a Congo, a new Negro man, owner and name unknown, marked D D on top, a letter before the bottom D not plain, on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 3/17 NED, a Chamba to Col. BLAIR 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 3/17 BEN, a Mundingo, to SAMUEL DOUGLASS St. Mary, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 3/21 QUEEN, a creo le to Mrs. WARREN Kingston, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 3/22

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268 HANNIBAL, an Eboe to Mr. GARDNER Withyrood, marks not plain, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 3/22 QUAW, a creole, to ARTHUR McKENZIE Esq., 5 ft. 61/4 in. high. 3/22 YORK, a Congo, a new Negro, to PAR or PAUL marked A D on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 3/30 DUKE, and JOB, both of the Moco country, new Negro boys, owner unknown, marked on their right shoulders I M with a 3/30 JAMAICA, a Moco to HORVELL 5 ft. 1 in. high. 3/31 MATTIE, a creole boy, to Mr. MANN. 3/31 QUAMIN, a creole, to JAMES HAYDEN, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 4/1 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro boy, to DUFFIN TURNER marked T D on both shoulders, 4 ft. 8 in. high. 4/6 HUNT, a Coromantee to the estate of THOMAS CROSHILL 5 ft. 5 in. high. 4/16 KITTY, a Mundingo, to ROBERT LONGLEY, marks not plain, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 4/16 TONEY, alias ADAM a creole, to Mrs. SPENCER 6 ft. 21/2 in. high. 4/19 JACK, a M ungola to RICHARD GARNETT Green Castle, marked R B on right shoulder, 5 ft. 3 in. high.105 4/20 CAMBRIDGE, a creole, to MARY PENN, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 4/20 JOHN, a Moco new Negro, owner unknown, marked M L in one, on the left shoulder, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 4/ 23 105 St. Mary parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.133. ROBERT, a Moco new Negro, owner unknown, marked M L in one, on the left shoulder, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 4/23 BOB, a Coromantee to Mrs. KENNEDY, 5 ft. 51/2 in high. 4/23 CAMBRIDGE, a Mungola to Mr. HACKETT marked R R on the left shoulder, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 4/24

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269 CANDIS, a creole, to Mr. McDERMOT 5 ft. 1 in. high. 4/27 JEMMY, a creole, to Mr. McDERMOT 5 ft. 1 in. high. 4/27 PEGGY, a Chamba to URQUHART 5 ft. 1 in. high. 4/30 ANNA, a creole, to PETER GRANT 4 ft. 7 in. high. 5/6 DIANA, a Band a to Mrs. DELPHIN, marked G S on the right shoulder, 5 ft. high. 5/7 SAM, a creole, to JER. BARTON, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 5/10 [ NONAME ] a Nago a new Negro woman, name and owner unknown, marked I M on right shoulder, 5 ft. 1/2in. high. 5/10 SCOTLAND, a Chamba, to THOMAS JEFFREYS marked W I on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 5/12 DICK, a creole, to the estate of Sir CHARLES PRICE dec., (he made his escape from St. Elizabeth Workhouse some time ago) [sic] 5 ft. 5 in. high. 5/13 PRINCE, a Chamba to Mr. RODEN, Clarendon, marked I R on the right shoulder, 5 ft. high. 5/15 BOB, a creole, to RICHARD GILBOURNE marked W M on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 5/17 ALLICK, a mulatto creole boy, to BATHSHEBA BRANDON, Kingston. 5/17 PATTY, a Moco owner unknown, marked on both shoulders S F on top, 4 ft. 101/2 in. high. 5/17 DUBLIN, a Mundingo, to Mr. STEWART, mark not plain, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 5/19 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, owner and country unknown, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 5/19 BEN, a creole, to Norbrook Estate, marked O on both shoulders, 5 ft. 9 in. high.106 5/19 BACCHUS, a creole boy, to Mr. HILL Clarendon, marked I H on left shoulder. 5/19 CHANCE, a Moco to Mr. BAYLEY, marked W the other letter not plain, on right shoulder, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 5/19 106 St. Andrew parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.44.

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270 NANNY, a creole, to D. R SLAW marked A G on both shoulders, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 5/26 FRANKEY, a Nago Papaw [sic] [Yoruba Popo] owner unknown, marked R on both shoulders, 5 ft. high. 5/26 JAMES, a Wakee, owner unknown, marked S M on left shoulder, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 5/27 CAESAR a creole, to GEORGE CLARKE 4 ft. 10 in. high. 5/27 ENGLAND, a Nago to the Hon. HENRY SHIRLEY, Esq. 5/28 CHARLOTTE, a Moco to Mr. RUSSELL Clarendon, marks not plain on the left shoulder, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 5/31 GRACE, a creole, to Mr. SUTHERLAND, 4 ft. 8 in. high. 6/4 JACK, a Moco to MACKIE no mark, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 6/5 JENNY, a Moco to MACKIE marked R G on left shoulder, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 6/5 JULY, a Coromantee to THOMPSON, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 6/5 PRIMUS, a Cong o, to FALLING marked I M on left shoulder, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/7 POMPEY, a Congo, to BEVERIDGE marked G B on left shoulder, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 6/7 KENT, a Nago to Risby s Estate, several large marks on both shoulders, 5 ft. 91/2 in. high. 6/13 CUPID, a Chamba to CLA RK mark not plain, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 6/14 CUDJOE, a Coromantee to WILLIAM THOMPSON, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 7/5 JAMAICA, a creole, to DOLPHIN, marked C D on top, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 7/20 AMELIA, an Eboe says she has no owner in this country, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 8/4 CUBINA, a creole, says he formerly belonged to Mr. CAMPBELL, who kept a shop in the Spanish Town market, that he was shipped off, and made his escape back again, mark not plain, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 8/23 ROSE, a Mundingo, to SAMUEL DOUGLASS marked B D on both breasts and shoulders, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 9/13

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271 SAMBO, a creole, to Hall s Hall Estate, 5 ft. 7 in. 9/13 QUASHIE, a Coromantee to BARR ET, Martha Brae, marked E O on top, on left shoulder, 5 ft. 81/2 in. high. 9/13 QUASHIE, a Coromantee a new Negro, owner unknown, marked W B on top, on right shoulder, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 9/24 BETTY, a creole, to PRICE s Laidas Estate, marked L P twice on both shoulders, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 9/27 BESSY, a creole, to Mrs. GOLDSTONE Kingston, marked M F on both shoulders and left cheek, and A B underneath, on right shoulder, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 9/27 LION, a Canga to SIMPSON Kingston, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 10/1 YORK, a creole, to PRICE s Laidas Estate, 5 ft. 9 in. 10/4 HOOD, a Chamba to SAME DOUGLASS marked S D on shoulder and breasts, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 10/9 PRIMUS, a creole, to PHELPS, 5 ft. 1/2 in. high. 10/9 BACCHUS, an Eboe to Mrs. ROWE marked E R on right shoulder, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 10/11 JOE, an Eboe to Capt. AMEREST, mark not plain, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 10/17 CHARLES, a Succo to GE ORGE HOWELL marked G F on left shoulder, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 10/26 BEHAVIOUR, an Eboe to THOMAS CRADDOCK, Kingston, 4 ft. 101/2 in. high. 10/26 NELLY, a Coromantee to Mrs. PHILLIPS Kingston, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 10/26 ROBERT, a Chamba to ADAM SMITH, Esq. 10/27 CUFFIE, a creole, to Browne s Hall, marked something like S D on both shoulders, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 11/3 EVE, a Congo, to Mr. FINNAN, of Kingston, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 11/4 GEORGE, a Congo, to Mount Hindmost, mark not plain, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 11/5 QUASHIE, a creole, to Oakes s Estate, Clarendon, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 11/6

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272 [ NONAME ] a Wakee, a new Negro, name and owner unknown, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 11/6 FOX, a small boy, of the Chamba country, to Constant Spring Estate.107 11/7 RICHMOND, a creole, to Hog Hole Estate, marked on both shoulders and breasts I W H H on top, 5 ft. 3 in. high.108 11/8 DAPHNEY, a creole, to SALLY BRYAN, Clarendon, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 11/12 WARWICK, a Mungola to THEODORE FOULKES Esq., 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 11/12 BEN, a Congo, to Mr. SHACKLE marked W R and I S on both shoulders, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 11/16 MARCH, a creole boy, to Lady MAYO s estate. 11/18 PEGGY, a creole girl, to MARY FARQUHAR in Vere. 11/18 JUBA, a creole, to DANIEL SALT Esq., marked M C on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 11/20 WILL, a Chamba to SAMUEL TEAT marked F on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 11/22 GEORGE, a creole boy, to W. CLARKE of Port Royal, marked S on the right shoulder. 11/22 CUBA, a Mungola to Miss THOMAS marked A T on top, on right shoulder, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 11/27 ADAM, a Portuguese Congo, to N. OCONNOR, marked P O C left shoulder, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 11/28 DICK, a creole, to GILL BOOTH, marked I O W on left shoulder, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 12/3 107 St. Andrew pa rish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.44, 147. 108 St. Andrew parish, on the Hoghole River; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.268. CUF FIE, a Congo, to Mr. DAVIS marked I C on right shoulder, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 12/6 TONEY, a Congo, to Mr. DAVIS marked I C on right shoulder. 12/6 TOM, a Mungola to HENRIQUES marked G B on right shoulder, 5 ft. [ ] 1/2 in high. 12/6 JOE, a mulatto creole, to SINCLAIR 5 ft. 5 in. high. 12/6

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273 CUFFIE, a Coromantee to Cherry Garden Estate, marked H P on top, on right shoulder, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 12/10 WARWICK, a Coromantee to ROBARD PUSY, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 12/11 MAY, a creole, to THOMAS [ ? ], 5 ft. 2 in. high. 12/16 TOM, a Chamba to BENNETT, marked S R on right shoulder, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 12/25 PHILIP, a Mundingo, to ELLEN CHEESE, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 12/25 MARY, a creole, to Mrs. FEARO marked H F on right shoulder, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 12/28 Trelawny Workhouse 1791. [RG] GEORGE, a Congo, to KENTISH, Burnt Savana, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 1/3 CHAR LES, a Coromantee to STEWARD Fairfield, 4 ft. 51/2 in. high. 1/5 BRUTUS, escaped on Saturday night the 3d Nov., condemned to this Workhouse for life. 1/5 DOUGLAS, a Congo, to Dr. RICE Black River, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 1/14 SABINA, a Congo, to HUGH BARNETT, marked H B 5 ft. 2 in. high. 1/24 THISBY, a creole, to PATIENCE 5 ft. 4 in. high. 1/27 MARY, a creole, to Dr. BIRKIE 5 ft. 2 in. high. 1/27 AUGUST, a creole, to TAMS St. Ann, marked I T 5 ft. 3 in. high. 1/29 [ NONAME ] a new Negro owner and country unknown, 5 ft. high. 2/10 JEFFREY, BACCHUS, JOHN, JOHN, JOE, SIMON, LESSY, all taken up in a canoe at sea five leagues from the island by the General Boyd s long boat. Jeffrey, Bacchus, John to KING, at Manchioneal; John, Joe, Simon, Lessy to MO RRY at Manchioneal. 2/14 BOB, an Eboe to WAINWRIGHT a carpenter, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 2/15 JAMES, a Coromantee to DAVID BARNARD, 4 ft. 11 in. high. 2/16 GEORGE, an Eboe to Dr. WOOFE 5 ft. 3 in. high. 3/2 BOB, a Moco to RICHARD BRISSETT Hanover, 5 f t. 23/4 in. high. 3/2

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274 CHARLES, a Mundingo, to JOHN GRAY, Prospect, St. James, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 3/5 BACCHUS, a creole, to RICHARD DRIFTER 5 ft. 3 in. high. 3/27 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro man, owner unknown, marked H F 5 ft. 4 in. high. 3/27 LEV ANT, a creole, to WILLIAM SCARLETT 4/1 POLLY, a creole, to POLLY CAMPBELL. 4/10 CUDJOE, a Coromantee to CHRISTIE Montego Bay, 5 ft. 13/4 in. high. 4/11 JOHNNY, to Robertson Estate, St. James. 4/11 [ NONAME ] a Mundingo, a new Negro, owner unknown, marked I B 5 ft. 3 in. high. 4/25 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro woman, to BROWN 4 ft. 11 in. high. 4/29 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro, owner unknown, marked D on left shoulder, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 4/30 QUAMINA, to JACOB LIBER 5/1 NEPTUNE, a Mundingo, a new Negro, owner unknown, marked A C on top. 5/1 MARY, to PETER SCARLETT. 5/2 RICHARD, to Charles Bernard. 5/2 TRELAWNY, a Moco to Garredue Estate, marked C 5 ft. 8 in. high. 5/8 [ NONAME ] a Soso, a new Negro, to GORDON, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/ 8 DICK, a Moco to McLACHLAN, Arcadia, 5 ft. 3 in. high.5/17 HOMER, a Wawee [Wakee] to Dr. ROWE St. Ann, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 5/18 BESSY, a Chamba to R. B. WAITTS 5 ft. 8 in. 5/18 TONEY, a Mundingo, new Negro, owner unknown, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 5/21 R OMEO, a Mundingo, new Negro, owner unknown, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 5/21

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275 SIMON, to Merrywood Estate. 5/22 CABRITTA, a creole, to Orange Estate, St. James, 5 ft. high. 5/23 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro, owner unknown, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 5/24 CAESAR, to Strawcastle Estate, 5 ft. 3 1/4 in. high. 5/25 [ NONAME ] a Congo, a new Negro, owner unknown, marked E W on top, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 5/25 RICHARD, says he is free. 5/25 [ NONAME ] a Coromantee a new Negro, owner unknown, marked C C, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 5/25 [ NONAME ] a Coromantee a new Negro, owner unknown, marked C C, on top, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 5/25 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro, owner unknown, marked I V on top, 5 ft. high. 5/27 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro, owner unknown, marked I H W on top, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 5/27 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro, to DELPRATT marked O on each shoulder, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 5/28 WILL, owner and country unknown, marked I S on top, 5 ft. high. 5/28 HERCULES, a Banda owner unknown, marked S M on top. 5/28 [ NONAME ] a Quanga a new Negro, owner unknown, marked R H between, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 6/1 BETTY, a creole, to JOHN SCARLETT 4 ft. 9 in. high. 6/2 FRANK, a Mundingo, to Dundie Estate, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/4 [ NONAME ] and [ NONAME ] two new Negroes owner unknown, marked I B on top. 6/5 [ NONAME ] a new Negro woman, owner unknown. 6/5 PETER, a Congo, to Capt. COLLINS St. Ann, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 9/20 JEMMY, a new Negro to JOHN JAMES at Duncan s, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 9/28

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276 TOM, an Eboe a new Negro to H. Hall Estate, marked H N 5 ft. 7 in. high. 9/30 [ NONAME ] an Eboe a new Negro, marked P S on top, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 9/30 [ NONAME ] a new Negro owner unknown, marked P D 5 ft. 5 in. high. 9/30 PRESENT, and CHILD an Eboe to Miss NELLY PASS St. Mary, 4 ft. 11 in. high. 10/3 DANIEL, a Congo, to South Montego Bay, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 10/4 HECTOR, an Eboe to F. LIBERT 5 ft. 5 in. high. 10/10 PRINCE, a Congo, to THOMAS SUMMERS marked S, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 10/12 QUASHIE, a boy, to Warwick Ca stle, St. Mary, 4 ft. high.109 10/12 PUNCH, a Mundingo, a new Negro, owner unknown, 4 ft. 11 in. high. 10/13 POLYDORE, owner and country unknown. 5 ft. 3 in. 10/13 FRANK, an Eboe [rest illegible]. 10/14 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro, owner unknown, mar ked A D 5 ft. 4 in. high. 10/14 [ NONAME ] an Eboe a new Negro, owner unknown, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 11/8 109 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.243244, 280281. MONIMIA, an Eboe to THOMAS BIERD, Montego Bay, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 11/8 NED, a Coromantee to one HARRIS Straw Castle, marked I H 5 ft. 3 in. high. 11/12 BOATSWAIN, a Moco a new Negro, to one MORRISON, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 11/12 TOM, a Wawee [Wakee] a new Negro, owner unknown, marked E C T on top, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 11/14 JASPER, an Eboe to one JACKSON, marked B B, 8 on top, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 11/15 [ NONAME ] an Eboe a new Negro, owner unknown, 5 ft. high. 11/15 PEGGY, an Eboe to JOHN SCARLETT 5 ft. high. 11/10

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277 DANIEL, a creole, to RICHARD BRISSETT Esq., 5 ft. 3 in. high. 11/10 Westmoreland Workhouse 1791. [RG] JOHN BROWN, a creole, says he is free, but formerly belonged to a Mr. PINE at Montego Bay, marked on both shoulders PINE (the NE in one) [sic] D L on top, and wants [lacks] the first joint of the second toe on the left foot, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 1/6 CUDJO, says he is an American, to Capt. Moore, of the ship Discovery, appears to be marked on both shoulders POOL with a mark above very obscure, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 1/11 PATTY, an Eboe to ROBERT SCARLETT, appears to be marked on shoulder N R 5 ft. high. 1/16 JOHNSON, a creole, to Middl esex Estate, Hanover, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 2/13 ROGER, an Eboe to MARY JORDAN, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 2/22 QUASHY, a creole, to JAMES CLELAND, marked on shoulder HALL 5 ft. 5 in. high. 2/24 JAMES, a Mundingo, a new Negro, owner unknown, with striped holland f rock, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 3/2 MORRIS, or HARRIS a Congo, owner unknown, with striped holland frock, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 3/2 BOB, to ROBERT WYLLIE 3/18 CATO, to Retrieve Estate, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 3/23 QUAW, to RATCLIFF St. Elizabeth. 4/2 QUAW, a Papaw to RATCLIFF with a very obscure mark on shoulder, appears to be A R, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 4/2 DEBORAH, a Congo, owner unknown, marked on shoulder I B O on top, 4 ft. 8 in. high. 4/18 FRANK, a Congo, to JOHN FINLY, marked on shoulder I F 5 ft. 3 in. hig h. 4/18 AIMWELL, a Mundingo, to an itinerant Jew. 4/24 KATY, an Eboe to ROBERT MITCHELL 4 ft. 8 in. high. 4/30 QUACO, a Coromantee to RANDALL Lucea, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 5/6

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278 SCIPIO, a Mundingo, to W[ torn] Estate, St. James, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 5/8 TOM a creole, to Spring Estate, Hanover, 4 ft. 6 in. high.110 5/26 JAMES RIVETT, a creole, says he is free, but formerly been marked, but now very obscure, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 6/6 PORT ROYAL, a Congo, to A. W. TOMLINSON, marked on shoulder I I I, on top, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 6/6 QUAW, a Portuguese Congo, owner unknown, 5 ft. high. 10/3 DICK, to Eaton Estate, Hanover. 10/11 MIMBA, a creole, to Gawens Penn, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 10/21 GEORGE, an Eboe to JEAN KEANTISH, marked M W 5 ft. 5 in. high. 10/22 HECTOR, a Moco to HENRY SCRYMGEOUR 5 ft. 3 in. high. 11/1 JOHN M c CARTER, a mulatto, says he is free, but supposed to belong to Hodges Penn, St. Elizabeth. 11/7 110 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.278. JACK, a Mundingo, to Hartford Penn, 5 ft. 2 in. 11/10 QUAMINA, a Canga to RICHARD BRISEET T says he was marked by Mr. Ingram but now not plain, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 11/11 [ NONAME ] a Mundingo, a new Negro, owner unknown, marked on shoulder B H W on top, 5 ft. 11 in. high. 12/11 GARRICK, of the Canga country, a new Negro, supposed to be the pr operty of RICHARD HEATH, Spring Mount, St. James, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 12/12 PUNCH, and LONDON, of the Mundingo country, two new Negroes, supposed to belong to Doctor FOX Clarendon, marked on shoulder I F (London s mark reversed) [sic] 12/24 1792 Hanove r Workhouse 1792. [CC]

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279 TOM, a Wawee [Wakee] owner unknown, marked on the right shoulder E G ,T on top. 4/7 PROVIDENCE, a Wawee [Wakee] Negro man, owner unknown, marked on right shoulder A but not very plain, has a sore on one of his elbows, which he sa ys was burnt. 4/7 CAESAR, a Papaw says he belongs to Mr. MACFARQUHAR St. James, marked on the left shoulder, not plain. 4/21 TRISTAM SHANDY, a Coromantee says he belongs to Lima Estate, St. James, marked on the left shoulder I E 5 ft. 31/2 in. high.111 5/27 PROSPER, a creole, says he belongs to a Mr. HINE St. James, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 5/27 CHARITY, a small Eboe girl, owner unknown, marked I B on top, 4 ft. 21/2 in. high. 6/5 KATE, a Coromantee to ROBERT WILLIAM LINTON, Trelawny, dec., marke d E C on top, left shoulder. 6/27 111 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.233234.

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280 [ISAAC] of the Bambara country, a new Negro man, with large scars across the shoulders and back, marked two A A in one, or W reversed, says he belongs to a Mr. ALEXANDER of Westmoreland, 5 ft. 8 in. high.112 6/28 DIANA, says she belongs to Mr. MITCHELL Westmoreland, marked on both shoulders, but not plain. 10/9 [ NONAME ] a creole, a small boy, says he belongs to a Capt. ROGERS St. James, marked on right shoulder R 4 ft. 3 in. high. 10/21 TINKER, a creole, Negro m an, says he belongs to a Mr. BERNARD of Childermas Estate, St. James, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 10/21 Kingston Workhouse 1792. [CC] WILLIAM, a Mundingo, to Capt. RICHARDSON, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 2/21 AGNES, a creole, to Mrs. CHRISTIE 5 ft. 4 in. high. 4/12 MA RY, a creole, to BESSY GREEN 5 ft. 1 in. high. 5/3 CATO, a Mungola to Mr. TIMMAN St. Thomas in the East, 4 ft. 111/2 in. high. 5/23 DOLLY, a creole, to JAMES McDONALD, 4 ft. 103/4 in. high. 6/5 [ NONAME ] a Mundingo, a new Negro man, marked I P W and a in one, has lost the first joint of the fore finger of the left hand, 6 ft. 11/2 in. high. 6/8 ELPHIN, a creole, to GEORGE FLOYD, marked G F 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 6/11 BACCHUS, a creole, to CASSOP at Onslaw s estate, St. Thomas in the East, marked I C R on top, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 6/19 CATO, an Eboe to estate of WILLIAM WRIGHT dec., 5 ft. high. 9/4 HECTOR, his name on the front of his frock, with W F on top, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 9/4 SALLY, a Coromantee to ALLMAN 5 ft. 11 in. high. 9/5 112 See also Lucea Workhouse, 1793. [CC] ISAAC, of the Bambara country, a new Negro, with large scars across the shoulders and back, marked A A in one, or W reversed, says he belongs to a Mr. ALEXANDER of Westmoreland, sent in by Mr. ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 8/18

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281 ALLICK, a creole, to RICH. PARKER St. Mary, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 10/6 MIMBA, a Nago owner unknown, 5 ft. 1/2 in. high. 10/8 MARIA, a Mungola to SMITH 5 ft. 1 in. high. 10/19 COMFORT, a Papa, to JACOB SAMSON, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 10/26 KIRKHAM, an Eboe to McKENZ IE marked I S on top, 5 ft. 33/4 in. high. 10/27 JOHN, a creole, to Mr. ROSE 4 ft. 9 in. high. 10/27 OTHELLO, a creole, to NATHANIEL BAYLEY, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 10/30 JOE, a Coromantee to MOORHEAD, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 11/7 MARY, a Moco to G INCH marked G I 5 ft. 4 in. high. 11/10 CYRUS, a Coromantee to Dr. McGLASHAN, Spanish Town, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 11/13 LUCKY, a creole, to JOHN SIMPSON, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 11/15 DULCINEA, a Congo, to ROSANNA SPENCER 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 11/30 Moran t Bay Workhouse 1792. PARTUS, a Chamba to [ illeg ible ], Kingston, has no brandmark, but her country marks on her face, 5 ft. 1 3/4 in. high. 1/22 [RG] JOE, a Mungola to HULL Annotto Bay, no brandmark, only three toes on his right foot, 4 ft. 9 in. hi gh. 2/4 [RG] SAM, a Wakee, to BROOMFIELD, Northside, no brandmark, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 2/7 [RG] DIDO, a creole, to Mrs. ALLEN Kingston, marked on the left shoulder J G 5 ft. 43/4 in. high. 3/26 [CC] JOE, a Coromantee to the estate of Mr. CRUIKSHANK, St. Mary, dec.; marked on the left shoulder W G 5 ft. 1 1/2 in. high. 3/27 [CC] CICERO, a Mundingo, to FINNAN, Kingston, marked on the right shoulder S A wants a thumb, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 5/18 [CC]

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282 CHARLES, a creole, to Serge Island, had on when taken, a riveted collar and chain, with a hoop round his middle, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 6/10 [CC] GRACE, a Congo, to BURD Kingston, her right leg very crooked, 4 ft. 9 in. high. 6/13 [CC] CHARLES, new Negro owner and country unknown, marked on the right shoulder A D speaks broken English, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 8/6 [CC] SANCHO, owner and country unknown, marked on the right shoulder D H, 5ft 61/2 in. high. 8/25 [CC] BEN, owner and country unknown, has country marks very particular on both arms, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 8/27 [CC] CANDAS, a Congo, to GoldenValley Estate, marked I M in one, 2 on top, 4 ft. 91/2 in. high.113 9/24 [CC] SARAH BARNWELL, a Mundingo, says she is free, of a yellow complexion, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 10/7 [CC] [ NONAME ] an Eboe a new Negro man, has his country marks very full on his breasts and face, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 10/10 [CC] ELRICK, to Dalvey Estate, marked W M on top, right shoulder, has several white spots on both feet. 10/15 [CC] GEORGE, an Eboe to J. SUTHERLAND, marked I S right shoulder, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 10/16 [CC] JAMAICA, a Coromantee to JOHN BARD, Clarendon, no brand mark, 5 ft. 1/2 in. high. 10/29 [CC] WILLIAM, a creole, to Fort Stewart Estate, St. George, no brandmarks, 5 ft. 6 in. high.114 11/5 [CC] JACK, a Moco to JAMES OBRIEN, Kingston, marked on right shoulder A F, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 11/19 [CC] WHITE, a Coromantee to JAMES BETTIE, marked on left shoulder B 4 ft. 101/2 in. high. 11/20 [CC] 113 St. Thomas parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.234. 114 Ibid ., p.56.

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283 Portland Workhouse 1792. [CC] CAESAR, to SMART Marth a Brae, marked on the right shoulder C S 3/19 BRUTUS, to McFARLANE Martha Brae, marked on the right shoulder I M three times, and on the left once. 3/19 [ NONAME ] a new Negro name and owner unknown, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 9/24 GEORGE, to Mr. DAVIDSON of Kingston, formerly to Capt. SKINNER marked D S 10/4 St. Ann Workhouse 1792. SAINT ANN, a Moco to ATKINSON, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 1/5 [RG] MONTROSE, a Mundingo, to ROSE 5 ft. 9 in. high. 1/8 [RG] BADDO, a creole, to CRUIKSHANKS 5 ft. 3 in. high. 4/3 [CC] BAXTER, or BERKSHIRE a Chamba to SHIRLEY 4 ft. 8 in. high. 4/24 [CC] KEW, a Chamba to TURNER 5 ft. 9 in. high. 5/8 [CC] CHARLES, a Mundingo, owner unknown, marked M B on right shoulder, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 5/10 [CC] TOBY, a Congo, to BECHE R of Spanish Town, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 5/19 [CC] JAMIE, to TOMLINSON. 5/28 [CC] LEAH, to Drax Hall Estate. 6/3 [CC] CUDJOE, SUMMER, QUAMINA, QUAW, all supposed to belong to Dr. SHAW, St. Mary. These four Negroes were taken up at sea by his Majestys cutt er Advise, Lieut. McGuire, commander. 6/4 [CC] NED, a Coromantee to HARRIS 6/8 [CC] TOM, to HAWTHORN. 6/8 [CC] GLASGOW, a Mundingo, to EAST or EASTON, Cow cabin, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 6/19 [CC] PEDRO, a Mundingo, to FARQUHAR 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/19 [CC]

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284 JAMIE, a Congo, to SHIRLEY 5 ft. 8 in. high. 6/20 [CC] BERKIE, a Moco new Negro, owner unknown, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 8/3 [CC] ALBANY, a Coromantee to HENCKLE 5 ft. high. 8/25 [CC] BOB, alias APOLLO an Eboe to CUSSANS 5 ft. 8 in. high. 9/25 [CC] CEYSI, a Coromantee new Negro, owner unknown, no visible mark, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 10/19 [CC] STRAW, or SAW a Mundingo, a new Negro, says he belongs to a Mr. GALLIMORE marked on right shoulder T S D 5 ft. 6 in. high. 10/26 [CC] JACK, a Portuguese [Cong o] to Captain STOKES marked on the left shoulder I S between, 5 ft. 5 1/2 in. high. 11/4 [CC] CAMILLUS, a new Negro country and owner unknown, marked W T between, on right shoulder, 5 ft. 81/2 in. high. 11/22 [CC] St. Elizabeth Workhouse 1792. [CC] RICHARD, a Moco to Mrs. FITZGERALD, Savanna la M ar, marked E F on right shoulder. 6/10 St. James Workhouse 1792. [CC] JOHN, a creole, to JOHN BAPTISTA, Hispaniola, formerly to THOMAS DOLPHIN, Kingston, but was transported. Says he made his escape from Hispaniola about 6 months ago, with three others, in a canoe, and was taken up at sea by a vessel from America, bound for Kingston; he is 5 ft. 9 1/2 in. high; he delivered himself up to the supervisor. 4/16 KATE, a Chamba cannot tell her owner s name so as to be understood, no mark, 5 ft. 21/2 in. hi gh. 4/22 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, supposed to belong to Hen. W. GALLIMORE Trelawny, marked T 8 D was in this workhouse before. 5/5 GUY, to Bellfield Estate, St. James. 6/2 SARAH, a creole, to Mrs. BROWN near Dr. Gibb s, in this parish, marked on l eft shoulder A B, 4 ft. 41/2 in. high. 6/5 LEWIS, alias JOHN, a creole, to DENNIS Port Royal, marked D D on both shoulders, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 6/8

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285 KINGSTON, to ELLIS near Passage Fort, marked on his right shoulder I E 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 6/8 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name and owner unknown, marked L S on top. 6/13 SCIPIO, an Eboe Bruchee [sic] new Negro, marked THARP. 6/14 [ NONAME ] a Mundingo, a new Negro man, owner unknown, marked on left shoulder C R 6/23 NANNY, to Castle Wemys Estate marked on right shoulder G M 6/13 [ NONAME ] and [ NONAME ] two new Negro men, owner unknown, marked on the right shoulder T B in one. 6/18 TRELAWNY, a new Negro boy, owner and country unknown, yellow complexion. 6/27 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name and owner unknown, marked H B right shoulder. 6/29 MONKEY, to Fat Hog Quarter, Hanover. 6/29 [ NONAME ] a Chamba new Negro man, name and owner unknown, marked on his right shoulder G, T P in one. 8/17 POMPEY, to DONALD MALCOLM Lucea, or Montpelier Es tate. 9/17 [ NONAME ] a Congo, new Negro girl, of a yellow complexion, no mark, 4 ft. 51/2 in. high. 9/17 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, to the estate of J. L. WATT Trelawny, marked on the left shoulder I L W ; was in the workhouse before. 11/8 CICELY, to GEORGE DAWSON. 11/9 [ NONAME ] a new Negro very meagre, sent from Glasgow Estate, has bad eyes. 11/3 SANCHO and GEORGE, to GEORGE WARD, Trelawny. 11/14 ISAAC, to GEORGE KERR 11/15 HECTOR, a creole boy, to York Estate. 11/15 DRAKE, a Moco to Pembr oke Estate, Trelawny. 11/18

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286 St. Mary Workhouse 1792. [CC] DAVY, a Congo, owner unknown, marked on the right shoulder W W [upside down], V underneath, or W W reversed, 5 ft. 31/4 in. high. 4/2 QUAW, a Moco a new Negro, owner unknown, no visible mark, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 4/12 ROBERT, an Eboe new Negro boy, to GEORGE GERARD, Trelawny, no visible mark, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 7/27 KENT, a Congo, new Negro, owner unknown, marked I F 5 ft. 4 in. high. 8/10 HODGE, a creole, to HENRY WILLIAMS Bucknor s Bay, 5 f t. 4 in. high. 8/15 [ NONAME ] a Congo, new Negro girl, name and owner unknown, no visible mark, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 9/26 JAMES, a Coromantee to JOSEPH SWABY, St. Elizabeth, or HENRY REDWAR Spanish Town, marked I S 5 ft. 8 in. high. 9/26 JAMAICA, a Pa paw new Negro, owner unknown, marked I I, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 10/11 GIBBEE, a Nago new Negro, to Hyde Estate, St. Thomas in the Vale, marked on right shoulder with I O 5 ft. 7 in. high. 10/22 TONEY, a creole, to the Farm Estate, near the Ferry, no visible mark, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 11/14 WILL, a Canga to SOLOMON BONITO, Kingston, no mark, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 11/25 KENT, a Wakee, to Commodore GARDNER alias estate of Hinton East, Esq., dec., no mark, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 11/26 Spanish Town Workhouse 1792. GEORGE, a Congo, to HENRY BLAKE marked H B on right shoulder, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 1/4 [RG] BESSY, an Eboe to JUDY HUTT 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 1/4 [RG] STEPHEN, to Mr. WHITE 1/8 [RG] ROBIN, to PROSTER & YOUNG. 1/11 [RG] TOM, an American, to NEWLAND, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 3/19 [CC]

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287 CUFFEE, a creole, formerly to Mr. HORLOCK but now to Mr. THORP marked S O H on the right shoulder and cheek, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 4/2 [CC] HARDY, a Mundingo, to GEORGE HOWELL mark not plain, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 4/12 [CC] M ARS, a Mundingo, to JOHN ANDERSON, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 4/16 [CC] JOHN JACKSON, a creole mulatto, to ANDREW WRIGHT 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 4/18 [CC] JOHNNY, a Moco owner unknown, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 4/25 [CC] TOM, a new Negro country and owner unknown, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 5/13 [CC] VENUS, a Mundingo, to MATTEE, mark not plain, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/17 [CC] SAM, a Mundingo, owner unknown, marked R M on right shoulder, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/21 [CC] LEWIS, a Moco says he belonged to Mr. JAMES at Lucea, and w as sold to a Spaniard but made his escape, he is blind of one eye, marked I M right shoulder, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 5/29 [CC] MIMBA, a creole, to Mr. McLAUGHLIN, marked I S on right shoulder, 4 ft. 113/4 in. high. 5/30 [CC]115 COLUMBUS, a Mundingo, to Irving Estate, the property of Mr. HIBBERT 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 5/31 [CC] TOM, a Moco new Negro, says his name is WILKS and belongs to Mr. PLUNKETT Liguanea, has lost three toes off his right foot, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 6/1 [CC] OTHELLO, a creole, to TRECOTHIC K s estate, St. Thomas in the East, a large scar on his throat, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 6/4 [CC] 115 See also Spanish Town Workhouse 1792. MIMBA, a creole, to Mr. McLAUGHLIN, Kingston, marked I S on right shoulder, 4 ft. 11 1/2 in. high. 11/17 [CC] SIMON, to the Decoy, St. Mary, marked C P on top, left shoulder, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 6/5 [CC] CHARLES, a Mungola to Mr. ECTOR of Kingston, the mark seems to be I H right shoulder, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/6 [CC] DANIEL, a creole boy, to SALLY MORRIS of Kingston. 6/9 [CC] ALLAN, a creole, to RISBY s estate, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 6/9 [CC]

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288 QUASHIE, a creole, to Belmount Estate. 6/18 [CC] JEMMY, a creole, to J. P. CURTIN marked I P C on right shoulder, 5 ft. 23/4 in. high. 6/19 [CC] AMELIA, and CHILD to THOMAS ALLEN, of Kingston, 4 ft. 7 in. high. 6/ 19 [CC] ANTHONY, an Eboe to Burton Estate, mark not plain, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 6/20 [CC] HARRY, an Eboe to WILLIAM COLWELL, mark not plain, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 6/21 [CC] CROMWELL, a creole, to Warwick Castle Estate, marked S B on right shoulder, A C l eft shoulder, and C on the left cheek.116 6/28 [CC] CATO, a Moco to ROBERT ROSE marked I L left shoulder, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 7/9 [CC] JACK, a Nago to CUMMING, marked W B on top, on right shoulder, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 7/20 [CC] TOM, an Eboe to GEORGE I NNIS mark not plain, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 7/21 [CC] QUASHIE, a Moco new Negro, owner unknown, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 8/16 [CC] BEN, a Congo, to SHECKLE Clarendon, marked W R on both shoulders, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 8/17 [CC] JOE, a Coromantee to Dr. McLEAN of Black River, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 8/21 [CC] TOM, a Coromantee to NANCY HODGES marked A H right shoulder, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 8/22 [CC] ROMEO, a Coromantee to ROBERT CARR, mark seems to be G G on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 8/22 [CC] 116 St. Mary parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.243244, 280281. CUBA, a Cha mba to RULE 5 ft. 6 in. high. 8/22 [CC] QUASHIE, a creole, to DAVID DUNCOMB Esq., 4 ft. 111/2 in. high. 9/24 [CC] DUKE, a Coromantee to WILLIAM CALDWELL, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 10/1 [CC]

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289 HERCULES, a Chamba to Swansey Estate, 5 ft. 3 in. high.117 10/1 [CC ] JEMMY, a Chamba to WILLIAM KERR of St. David, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 10/1 [CC] GEORGE, a Coromantee to WILLIAM KERR of St. David, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 10/1 [CC] EDWARD, a Coromantee to Fontabell Estate, St. Mary, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 10/12 [CC] GEOR GE, a Mundingo, to Mr. HOOK of Kingston, marked D A both shoulders, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 10/12 [CC] HANNY, a Congo, to RISBY s estate, 5 ft. high. 10/18 [CC] QUAW, a Coromantee to DAWSON, Kingston, mark not plain, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 10/19 [CC] MARINA, a cr eole, to DAWSON, Kingston, marked W L on left shoulder, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 10/19 [CC] HERCULES, a Mundingo, to WILLIAM THOMPSON, St. Thomas in the Vale, marked W T on top, on both shoulders, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 10/23 [CC] MOLLY, a Nago to OGILVY, the mark seems to be G H right shoulder, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 10/26 [CC] LOVE, a creole girl, to Miss WATERS of Kingston. 10/29 [CC] GOODLUCK, a Moco boy, to Mr. TAYLOR of Kingston. 10/29 [CC] DOLLY, a creole, to Mrs. NISBETT of Port Royal, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 10/31 [CC] [ NONAME ] a new Negro country, name and owner unknown, marked I A on right shoulder, with W C W C on top, on left shoulder, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 11/6 [CC] ANTHONY, a creole, to THOMAS GORDON, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 11/12 [CC] GRACEY, a creole, to Mrs. NORTON, of Kingston, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 11/12 [CC] 117 Adjacent to the Worthy Park Estate, St. Catherine parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.278. FRIDAY, a Mundingo, to Cherry garden Estate, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 11/19 [CC] BESS, a creole, to Mr. CHIMONIS 4 ft. 11 in. high. 11/19 [CC]

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290 OCTOBER, a creole, to GREY, marked T H G right shoulder, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 11/21 [CC] EDMUND, an Eboe to Lady MAYO s estate, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 11/21 [CC] [ NONAME ] a new Negro woman, owner unknown, marked O I 5 ft. 4 in. high. 11/29 [CC] TRASHEY, a creole, to HARDY, 4 ft. 6 in. high. 12/23 [CC] Trelawny Workhouse 1792. [CC] SALLY, a creole, to DELPRATT Montego Bay, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 4/27 JACK, an Eboe owner unknown, marked N N, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 5/11 MARY, a Coromantee to a free black woman, Drax Hall Estate, St. Ann, 5 ft. 4 in. high.118 5/15 TONEY, a Chamba to ARCHY PATTERSON, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 6/4 BELCOL, an Eboe to one THOMSON, Culloden Penn, St. Elizabeth, marked W W T 5 ft. high. 6/6 [ NONAME ] an Otham [Ottam] a new Negro, owner unknown, marked I I, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 6/10 SAM, an Eboe a new Negro, owner unknown, marked G R H, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 6/14 [ NONAME ] and [ NONAME ] both Mocos two new Negroes, owner unknown, marked I C between. 6/15 [ NONAME ] a new Negro owner unknown, marked I I, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 6/16 DICK, a creole, to CHARLES BERNARD, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 7/14 118 see Higman, Ja maica Surveyed (2001), pp.99102, 116, 138, 211, 231. ANNE, an Eboe to Miss ELIZABETH LAWSON, Montego Bay, 4 ft. 7 in. high. 7/26 QUAMIN, a Congo, owner unknown, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 8/1 JOHN, a Chamba to DAVID, St. Mary, marked I A 5 ft. high. 8/18 KENT, a Canga to Mr. EVENS Hanover, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 9/16 JACK, a Mundingo, to Doctor THOMSON, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 9/22

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291 DILILA, to OLIVER ROACH. 10/4 [ NONAME ] a Papa, new Negro, marked I S on top, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 10/19 DIAMOND, a Coromantee to Hamstead Estate, marked H 5 ft. 6 in. high.119 10/19 JOSEPH PINTO, a mulatto boy, to COLLINS a free black man in Kingston. 10/29 HARRY, to ANDREW MUNRO, St. James, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 10/30 [ NON AME ] a Nago new Negro, name and owner unknown, 5 ft. 11 in. high. 11/3 HARDTIMES, a creole, to J. ANGWIN, dec., St. Ann, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 11/3 GEORGE, a creole, to Latium Estate, 5 ft. 2 in. high.120 11/7 QUAW, to JOHN THARP 11/7 JACK, to JOHN HILTON, has a wooden leg. 11/8 WILLIAM, an Eboe to one SAMUEL Hanover or Westmoreland, marked I H 5 ft. 5 in. high. 10/17 [ NONAME ] an Eboe a Negro, name unknown, to SAMUEL Hanover or Westmoreland, marked with R S 5 ft. 7 in. high. 10/17 GOLIAH, a Mundingo, to Dumfries, 6 ft. 1 in. high. 10/19 BESSY FRANCES, to DANIEL TOBOY, Spanish Town. 10/19 Westmoreland Workhouse 1792. 119 Trelawny parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.138139. 120 St. James parish; see Ibid ., p.263. CUFFIE, to ROB JACKSON, or to H[ ? ] estate, marked on shoulders R the other letter obscure, H on top, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 1/9 [RG] QUASHEBA, a creole, to Cooks Hill Estate, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 1/28 [RG] SMART, to TENNY, marked on the shoulder I R on top. 5/29 [CC]

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292 HARRY, a creole, to Dr. TAYLOR marked T S on top, on both shoulders, 5 ft. 11 in. high. 8/3 [CC] KITTY, a creole, to GILLIS 5 ft. 1/2 in. high. 9/18 [CC] TOM, a creole, to HUNTER 5 ft. 7 in. high. 10/17 [CC] PETER, a creole, to WEDDERBURN, marked R D 5 ft. 4 in. high. 10/18 [CC] BILLY, a Mundingo, to MAHON, marked I M, between, on shoulders and breasts, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 11/14 [CC] GARRICK, a Congo, to MALCOLM, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 11/20 [CC] 1793 Black River Gaol, 1793. [CC] WILLIAM HARTLEY, says he is free, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 10/3 [NONAME], and [NONAME], two new Negroes no mark nor can give any account of themselves, taken up at Chesterfield Estate in this parish, one 5 ft. 5 in. high, the other 5 ft. 53/4 in. high. 3/4 JUDY, says she belongs to Seven Rivers Estate in St. James, marked with three cuts on the right cheek, taken up at Hodges pen, 5 ft. high. 3/19 BOB, belongs to Capt. WHYLIE, Savanna la Mar, no mark, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 3/21 GEORGE, to HIBBERT, marke d W R in one, on top. 4/4 RUTHY, to GRANT a mulatto woman, no mark. 6/1 HAMILTON, to Elim Estate. 7/5 JOE, to BROWN Withywood Estate, no mark. 7/6 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, owner unknown. 7/9 VENUS, to WITTER no mark. 7/21 MARY, a mulatto, say s she is free. 7/27 CUDJOE, a creole, to a Mr. BROWN Old Harbour, marked on the right shoulder W N 5 ft. 3 in.

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293 high. 9/26 Hanover Workhouse 1793. [CC] [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro woman, can not tell her name or owner, marked on right shoulder E R. 1/7 LORRAIN, a Negro man, to NATH. HINE St. James. 2/16 CICERO, a Congo, an old Negro man, inkneed, says he once belonged to Mr. ANDREW BALLANTINE of Hanover, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 3/26 BETTY, a Moco a new Negro, says she came from Caldwell Estate, marked I Z on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 4/4 TROUBLE, an Eboe a new Negro, marked T B on right shoulder, 5 ft. 1/2 in. high. 4/11 LONDON, an Eboe new Negro, owner unknown, marked T B on right shoulder, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 4/11 QUAMI NA, says he belongs to a Mr. FYFFE Westmoreland, marked on both shoulders M E in one. 4/28 GRANBY, an Eboe a Negro man, to Rockspring Estate. 5/2 DUBLIN, an Eboe new Negro, no mark, supposed to belong to GOODWIN or GRAY, St. James. 5/2 PRESENT, new N egro woman, yellow complexion, country marks in her face, supposed to belong to GOODWIN or GRAY, St. James. 5/2 HANNAH, an Eboe new Negro, yellow complexion, country marks in the face, marked on right shoulder G supposed to belong to same [GOODWIN or G RAY] 5/2 ALICK, a Chamba stout made, owner unknown, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/15 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro, marked on left shoulder, not visible, 5 ft. 2 in. 6/10 RUTHE, a creole, says she belongs to a Mr. JONES in St. Elizabeth, near Black River, mark on right shoulder appears to be E Y I 4 ft. 10 in. high. 6/20 JOHN, a Coromantee says he belongs to Spring Garden, Westmoreland, 5 ft. high. 6/24 CUFFEE, a Coromantee a new Negro, says he belongs to Long Pond Estate, Westmoreland,

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294 marked on the left shoulder E 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/27 LEVANT, a Coromantee an old Negro man, does not know his owner, marked on the left shoulder T B 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 7/2 PAN, a Negro, says he belongs to a free woman in Montego Bay, marked on the right shoulder with W M on top, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 7/17 SALLY, a Nago says she belongs to a Mr. JOHNSTON, Martha Brae, 4 ft. 9 in. high. 7/25 PRESENT, a Negro woman, says she belongs to a Mr. FIGG surveyor near Montego Bay, marked on the left shoulder I H on top. 8/10 [ NONAME ] an Eboe Negro woman, name and owner unknown, marked on right shoulder R K a letter between, not plain. 8/27 BILLY, a creole, says he belongs to Childermas Estate, St. James, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 8/27 JOHN HARVEY, a mulatto, says he is free, b ut formerly belonged to ARCH. CAMPBELL Minard, St. Ann. 10/8 Kingston Workhouse 1793. [CC] JOE, a creole, to JOSEPH GREY, Montego Bay, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 2/18 DERRY, a Moco owner unknown, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 2/27 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, marked I A on top, left shoulder, 5 ft. 11 in. high. 2/27 QUAW, a creole, to JOHN MARTIN, St. Ann, marked I M, on top, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 4/11 BETTY, a Papaw to Mrs. DWARRIS marked F D 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 4/16 SCIPIO, a Congo, to NELSON, marked B N between, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 4/16 CHARLES, a Congo, to NELSON, marked B N between, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 4/16 CHARLOTTE, a creole, to MARY ROBERTS marked O M on top, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 4/18 JENNY, a creole, to Mr. BAGWELL St. Andrew, 4 f t. 111/2 in. high. 4/19 ROMEO, a Moco to Mr. NELSON, marked B N between, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 4/19 BOB, a Moco to Mr. NELSON, marked I A 5 ft. 5 in. high. 4/19

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295 PETER, a Papaw a new Negro boy, marked B O on top, left shoulder, 4 ft. 9 in. high. 4/19 CASTALIO, a creole, to JOHN SIMPSON, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 4/19 ROMEO, a creole, to Doctor BROWN marked I B on top, 4 ft. 8 in. high. 4/28 [ NONAME ] a Chamba a new Negro man, marked I D I D on top, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 4/28 HANNIBAL, a Mungola to DE NNIS or MERCHANT 5 ft. 4 in. high. 4/30 DANIEL, an American, to Captain STOKES 4 ft. 6 in. high. 5/2 [ NONAME ] an Eboe a new Negro man, marked I I, between, K on top, 5 ft. high. 5/3 [ NONAME ] a Papaw a new Negro man, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 5/4 ADAM a creole, to McBEAN marked W M B 5 ft. 7 in. high. 5/5 HERCULES, a creole, to JAMES WILLIAMS 5 ft. high. 5/7 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro man, has his country marks on his face and body, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 5/12 ROBERT, a new Negro man, marked B L D on top, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 5/13 CAESAR, a Mundingo, to McLEOD marked A C on top, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 5/20 PRINCE, a Congo, to WEDDERBURN, marked M on top, I W under, and T S D under that on left shoulder, M L in one right shoulder, I W on both cheeks, I W under M on left breast, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/20 CUFFEE, a creole, t o ROBERT SINCLAIR 4 ft. 11 in. high. 5/20 PETER, a creole, to McLEOD 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 5/21 PARIS, a Mundingo, to E. FITCH 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 5/21 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro man, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 5/21 JENNY, a creole, to V. GATTON, 4 ft. 11 in. high. 5/21 FAY, a Succo to P. GRANT 5 ft. 3 in. high. 5/25

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296 KITTY, a creole, to EDWARD FREARSON, marked N F 5 ft. high. 5/28 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro man, 5 ft. high. 5/30 NANCY, a Chamba new Negro, marked A M I [upside down], 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 5/31 PRIMUS, owner and country unknown, marked W M on top, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 6/5 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name, owner and country unknown, marked T S 5 ft. 3 in. high. 6/5 CUDJOE, a creole, marked R T has a large cattle chain and collar about his neck, 5 ft. high. 6/5 TOM, to Dr. JENKINS marked O I between, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 6/6 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name, country and owner unknown, 5 ft. 81/4 in. high. 6/8 SHARPER, a Coromantee to PHILLIS FACEY marked P F S on top, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 6/10 RACHEL, a Fantee, marked D right shoulder, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 6/11 [ NONAME ] an Eboe a new Negro woman, has her country marks on her back, 4 ft. 8 in. high. 6/12 GEORGE, a Moco to USHER has country marks, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 6/12 BELINDA, a creole, to estate of R. BRERETON marked R P, between, 5 ft. high. 6/13 JENNY, a Coromantee to ROBERT THOMPSON, 4 ft. 7 in. high. 6/21 CUFFEE, a Coromantee to CRAIG marked W C between, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 6/22 DOUGLAS, a Coromantee to CRAIG marked W C between, 5 ft. high. 6/22 [ NONAME ] a Congo, a new Negro man, marked T T, on top, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/25 PITT, to THOMPSON, marked M M in one, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 6/25 QUASHIE, a creole, to the Grange, Saltponds, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 6/26 HARRY, marked R T 4 ft. 111/2 in. high. 6/26 JAC K, a Mundingo, to J. SIMPSON 4 ft. 9 in. high. 6/26

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297 WILLIAM, a Mundingo, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 6/26 BOB, a Mundingo, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 6/26 HANNIBAL, a Coromantee to GEORGE HENDERSON, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 6/27 SUCCESS, a Mungola to MEDEGAR 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/28 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, an Eboe 4 ft. 10 in. high. 7/1 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, a Mundingo, 5 ft. 11 in. high. 7/3 TOBY, a creole, to SIMPSON 5 ft. high. 7/3 [ NONAME ] a Nago a new Negro man, marked R S 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 7/7 [ NONAME ] an Eboe a new Negro man, marked S W on top, 5 ft. in. high. 7/7 FORTUNE, a Congo, to THOMSON, marked M M in one, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 7/10 DAVID, a creole, to A. JOHNSTONE marked A I 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 7/11 ROBIN, to Mungola to A. Mc LEOD marked W P 7/11 JOE, a Mundingo, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 7/11 LIVERPOOL, a Mungola marked W G 5 ft. 2 in. high. 7/22 BURK, a Mungola, marked W G 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 7/22 QUASHIE, a creole, to Sir SIMON CLARKE 5 ft. 51/4 in. high. 7/23 MARY GOMPERTS, a creole, says she is free, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 7/31 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name and country unknown, marked T F left shoulder, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 8/18 BECKFORD, a Nago to BURRELL marked B & L right shoulder, 5 ft. 23/4 in. high. 8/20 GAMBAY, a Mungola owner unknown, no mark, 4 ft. 91/2 in. high. 8/23 HANNAH, a Moco to TAYLOR 5 ft. 1/2 in. high. 8/23 BOATSWAIN, a Nago to Ross, marked G R 4 ft. 3 in. high. 8/23

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298 SAM, a Mundingo, to TINDALL 5 ft. 13/4 in. high. 8/24 [ NONAME ] a new Negro woman, a Mungola 4 ft. 9 in. high. 8/24 DUBLIN, a Moco to Barbican Estate. 8/25 JOHN, a Curraao, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 11/21 CUDJOE, a Chamba to Mr. JAMES 5 ft. 33/4 in. high. 12/2 POMPEY, creole, to R. PARKER 5 ft. 4 in. high. 12/6 Lucea W orkhouse 1793. [CC] KATE, a Coromantee the property of ROBERT WILLIAM LINTON, Trelawny, dec., marked E C on top, left shoulder, sent in by Mr. Pearson, 5 ft. high. 7/11 Morant Bay Workhouse 1793. [CC] FLORA, a Moco owner unknown, has a hole in her upper lip, and marked D C on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 3/1 JENNY, a Moco owner unknown, has her country marks on her face, 5 ft. 11/4 in. high. 3/1 OCTOBER, a Moco has his country marks in his face, 5 ft. 3/4 in. high. 3/1 GOODLUCK, a Moco owner unknown, country marks in his face, 5 ft. 51/4 in. high. 3/1 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, owner and country unknown, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 3/29 DICK, owner and country unknown, marked on the right shoulder R or B 5 ft. 4 in. high. 4/3 MARINA, a creole girl, to Mrs. WEST, Kingston. 4/5 KING, owner unknown, has a lump on his right cheek and his left ear cropt, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 4/10 SAM, a Moco owner unknown, marked T M on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 4/13 PETER, a Wakee, to DONALDS ON, marked W M B P on top, right shoulder, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 4/18 PRINCE, to DONALDSON. 4/18

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299 DURHAM, a Chamba marked I M right shoulder, has his country marks in his face, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 4/30 JOHN, a Nago has his country marks on his temples, and filed teeth, 5 ft. 51/4 in. high. 4/30 [ NONAME ] a new Negro owner and country unknown, marked I A on top, right shoulder, 5 ft. 101/2 in. high. 5/9 [ NONAME ] a new Negro owner and country unknown, marked I A on top, right shoulder, 5 ft. 91/2 in. high. 5/9 [ NONAME ] and [ NONAME ] two new Negroes supposed to be the Negroes advertised by ALEX. SMITH, Mona Estate, marked on the right shoulder A S .121 5/13 [NONAME], [NONAME], [NONAME], [NONAME], [NONAME], [NONAME]; all new Negroes marked on the right shoulder S I between, to Serge Island Estate. 5/13 WINDSOR, new Negro man, marked on the right shoulder D E wants [lacks] two of his upper foreteeth, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 5/24 LONDON, a Mundingo, to WETHERELL Port Royal, marked G on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 91/2 i n. high. 5/29 SAM ROWE, a Portuguese Congo, to JAMES LANG, has his country marks in his face, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 5/29 [ NONAME ] a Mundingo, a new Negro man, marked A S on right shoulder, has filed teeth, and country marks on his arms and body, 5 ft. 31/ 4 in. high. 6/10 QUASHIE, a Coromantee to Petersfield Estate, marked on both shoulders H S blind of the right eye, 5 ft. 3 in. high.122 6/14 BESSY, a Mungola to Miss COLLINS in Kingston, has her country marks on her temples, 4 ft. 11 in. high. 6/23 PO MPEY, a Mungola to GALBRAITH, no brandmark, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 6/24 HARRY, a Mundingo, owner unknown, no brandmark, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 7/6 QUEEN, an Eboe and her daughter PRINCESS, says she belongs to SEABORN, Kingston. 121 St. Andrew parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.120124. 122 St. Thomas paris h; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.75.

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300 Queen is marked on the right shoulder G D, on top, and on the left a defaced mark, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 7/6 NED, a Nago to the estate of the late Dr. GEOGHEGRAN, dec., marked on the left shoulder G I on top, the G reversed, 5 ft. 11/4 in. high. 7/19 JACK, a creole, says he belongs to Goldeng rove Estate, marked on the right shoulder C A 5 ft. 11/2 in. high.123 7/19 [ NONAME ] of the Mundingo country, a Negro woman, says she is free, and worked with Mr. GILVERY, Bath, has a bump on her left ear, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 8/18 [ NONAME ] a new Negro m an, name and country unknown, marked on the right shoulder M E has a film on the right eye. 8/18 Portland Workhouse 1793. [CC] [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name, country and owner unknown, no mark, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 3/3 [ NONAME ] a Chamba a new Negro man, name and owner unknown, no mark, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 3/5 JOE, alias ANDERSON, to Mrs. SEYMOUR at Bermuda, says he is free. 4/21 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, elderly, marked C D on top, the first letter defaced. 4/23 DUBLIN, and SUTHERLAND, Corom antees new Negroes, marked A G 4/23 SAMPSON, a new Negro to SCOTT marked B S with only one hand. 4/28 [ NONAME ] a Congo, a new Negro man, name, country [sic] and owner unknown, no mark. 4/28 TOM, a Mundingo, to PARKINSON, Montego Bay, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 6/11 CHARLES, a creole, to the estate of ARCH. McNEAL dec. 5/16 QUAMINA, a new Negro owner and country unknown, mark defaced. 8/4 OBET, or OBIN a Portuguese Congo, owner unknown, marked I V 10/20 123 see Ibid ., pp.125 (St. Thomas), 205206 (Trelawny).

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301 St. Ann Workhouse 1793. [CC] SAM, an Eboe to SHARPE near MarthaBrae, says his master lives at Falmouth. 4 ft. 11 in. high. 4/4 TOM, an Eboe to Mrs. HAMILTON, Martha Brae Point, 4 ft. 2 in. high. 4/4 JUNE, a creole, to MARTIN marked R M on right shoulder, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 4/9 PETER, a new N egro owner and country unknown, marked A M D 4/10 JENNY, a Congo, to MOFFATT St. Ann. 4/25 JACK, owner and country unknown, marked G G, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 4/27 GRACE, a creole, to MORRIS 4 ft. 7 in. high. 5/4 ADOLPHUS, a Mundingo, to THARP St. Ma ry, 5 ft. 1/2 in. high. 5/15 KIT, a creole, to SPOONER St. Mary, Charlottenburgh Estate, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 5/15 [ NONAME ] and [ NONAME ] two new Negro men, names, country and owner unknown, marked W E on top, right shoulder. 5/19 CUPID, a creole, to COLE 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/22 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, marked M M, on top, right shoulder, his throat has been cut, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 5/23 GREENWICH, a Canga to BURKE St. Mary, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 5/28 [ NONAME ] a new Negro owner unknown, marked D H, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 6/3 PRIMUS, a Coromantee to TULLOH marked M K in one, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 6/7 [ NONAME ] a Canga a new Negro, owner unknown, marked R O on right shoulder. 6/15 JACK, or JOHN, a new Negro owner unknown, no brand mark, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 6/15 JOHN, or JAMIE a new Negro to LAMONT marked F the other letter not plain, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 6/15 ADAM, a Coromantee to ANDWIN, dec., marked I A 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/18

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302 [ NONAME ] a new Negro woman, owner and country unknown, 4 ft. 6 in. high. 6/19 LUCY, a new Negro says she belongs to McMORRIS country unknown, 4 ft. 6 in. high. 6/29 ROSETTA, a Coromantee to MARY DAWSON, Kingston, marked M D 4 ft. 11 in. high. 6/30 [ NONAME ] a Mo co new Negro man, owner unknown, marked H W right shoulder, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 7/1 OXFORD, a Mundingo, to LLOYD St. Ann, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 7/3 OXFORD, alias JOHN HENRY, a pioneer ,124 belonging to Capt. Burton s Company of the 49th Regiment, quartered at Fort Augusta, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 7/6 JAMES, a creole, to McLEOD or Doctor FINLAY, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 7/29 SAM, a creole, to VAUGHAN, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 8/11 CYRUS, a Moco new Negro, owner unknown, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 8/14 SAMMY, a Coromantee to SCHI CKLE 4 ft. 11 in. high. 8/16 CUMBERLAND, a Papaw new Negro, owner unknown, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 8/19 MORANT, an Eboe says he belongs to Mr. SHIRLEY Hyde Hall Estate, 4 ft. 5 in. high. 8/27 CUFFEE, a creole, to HOUGH, 5 ft. 11 in. high. 9/2 [ NONAM E ] a Nago new Negro, marked H M K D on top, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 9/2 BILLY, a creole, to GRAVES 5 ft. 3 in. high. 9/7 [ NONAME ] a Coromantee new Negro, to LIBERT marked B L in one, first letter supposed to be a G not plain. 9/7 POMPEY, new Negro owner and country unknown, very meagre [sic] when sent i n, and unfit to work in the chain, appearance of scars on legs and arms. 12/1 St. James Workhouse 1793. [CC] POPE, a Moco to FINLAY. 2/9 124A camp laborer for the British West India Regiments on the island.

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303 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, owner unknown, no mark. 2/9 H ORACE, a new Negro man boy, to Dromilly Estate. 2/18 GEORGE, to Virgin Valley or J. GRAY. 3/3 [ NONAME ] a Mundingo, a new Negro man, says he belongs to a Mr. ROSE very tall, smallpox very thick in his face. 3/22 DICK, a mulatto boy, says he belongs to a Mr JOSEPHS Kingston, was sent here by Captain BORDEN from the Caymanas. 4/15 GEORGE, to McGHIE Trelawny or Hampstead Estate.125 4/16 ROGER and CALEB, two new Negroes marked S D 4/20 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man boy, name, country and owner unknown, mark on the left shoulder resembles two hearts. 4/22 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name, country and owner unknown. 4/23 BRISTOL, to GILCHRIST or Montepelier [sic] Estate. 4/23 HANNAH, to JOHN JACKSON or SodHall Penn. 4/30 JEMMY, a new Negro marked on right shoulder G on top. 5/1 [ NONAME ] supposed to be a Chamba a new Negro man, has his country marks in his face, mark on his right shoulder appears to be I T 5/2 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name, country, and owner unknown, has country marks on his face and breast 5/2 CHRISTIANA, a Nago new Negro woman, to BROWN no mark. 5/7 KENT, to NARCISSUS SAMUELLS near Content. 5/9 JOHN, to JAMES SHAWE mason, Trelawny. 5/9 ALICK, to JOHN THARP GoodHope, said he belonged to Merrywood or would have been advertised las t week. 5/17 125 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.138139.

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304 DUKE, to Orange Estate. 5/19 JUNO, a small new Negro girl, cannot tell her master s name, mark appears to be H W right shoulder. 5/19 TIM, a Moco new Negro, marked on the right shoulder L A W 5/19 BEN, to Mrs. BROWN Hanover. 5/30 [ NONAME ] a Coromantee a new Negro woman, is marked on right shoulder BD in one. 5/30 PRINCE, to Orange Estate. 5/30 FANNY, a Moco new Negro woman, mark on the left shoulder appears to be D M L and has a large rising just above the mark. 5/31 GEORGE, to McGHIE Trelawny. 6/3 CHARLES, to RILEY s Estate, Hanover, marked on right shoulder S R 6/5 LUCY, to GEORGE LAWSON. 6/14 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, marked on the right shoulder H W 6/23 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name and owner unknown. 6/23 BASH EBA, a creole, to PAT. SPENCE Lucea. 6/24 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name and owner unknown. 6/25 BELINDA, an Eboe to NAT Martha Brae. 6/26 KATE, a Congo, to ROBERT JACKSON, marked on the right shoulder I C between. 6/27 [ NONAME ] an Eboe a ne w Negro boy, owner unknown. 6/28 [ NONAME ] a new Negro sent from Moor Park, marked on right shoulder R W 6/28 PETER, to GEORGE MORRISON, marked G M on top, right shoulder. 7/3 BULKIN, to THOMAS REID, marked T R right shoulder. 7/7 RODNEY, or Read on, says he belongs to Captain SMITH Trelawny, marked B on right shoulder.

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305 7/8 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, says he belongs to Hartfield Estate, marked I I right shoulder. 7/10 VIRGIN and TITETS, say they belong to one owner, one is marked on right shoulder R B, G [all upside down] below. 7/12 MURPHY, a new Negro man, says his master s name is MORRIS and lives in the mountains, marked P C on the left shoulder, on top. 8/13 YORK, a Coromantee to CREIGHTON, St. Ann, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 8/13 NED, to PATTERSON a mason, GoodHope Estate, Trelawny, now very ill. 8/20 CATO, a Mundingo, new Negro, owner unknown, supposed to belong to some person at Lucea or in t hat neighbourhood, no mark. 8/28 RICHARD, a new Negro country unknown, supposed to belong to some person at Lucea or in that neighbourhood, no mark. 8/28 WILL, to FYFFE Mint Estate, Westmoreland. 8/28 [ NONAME ] and [ NONAME ] two new Negroes names, country and owner unknown, the mark on the arms appear very fresh from inoculation. 9/12 POORMAN, to Flint River Estate. 9/13 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, young, name, country and owner unknown, cannot speak English, supposed to belong to some person in T relawny, sent from Rosehall.126 9/13 St. Mary Workhouse 1793. [CC] SUKEY, a Mungola a new Negro, said she belonged to JACKS but now says she belongs to THOMAS YORKE 4 ft. 10 in. high. 3/4 SIBBY, said she belonged to JACKS but now says she belongs to T HOMAS YORKE 4 ft. 4 in. high. 3/4 JOE, a Wawee, owner unknown, marked on the left shoulder W M K the W M in one, 5 ft. 6 in. 126 Rose Hall, St. James parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.234236.

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306 high. 3/19 FRANK, a creole, to Union Estate, marked on right shoulder U the other letter not plain. 3/19 FORTUNE, a creole, to ALEXANDER WEST HAMILTON, Esq., no mark, 5 ft. 1/2 in. high. 4/15 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name, country and owner unknown, marked on the right shoulder W H in one. 4/19 BARBARA, a creole, to Haywood Hall Estate. 4/23 WILLIAM, a mulatto boy, to Dr. EWITSON St. Ann. 4/23 POLLOCK, alias NELSON, a Mundingo, to Dr. REID marked on right shoulder W R 5 ft. 8 in. high. 5/1 STIRLING, a Mungola to Islington Estate, marked on the right shoulder P not distinct, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 5/5 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, seems to be of the Chamba country, having marks on his face, name and owner unknown, is marked on right shoulder G C 5 ft. 6 in. high. 5/15 DAVY, a Congo, to DORMAN, Trelawny, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 5/16 JEMMY, a creole, to WILLIAMS St. Ann, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/1 TOM, an American alias COUNTRYBORN TOM, to Rose hall Estate, St. Thomas in the Vale, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/19 BEN, a Moco says he belongs to BROWN or BROWNRIGG, St. Ann, no mark, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 6/21 CAMBRIDGE, a new Negro country and owner unknown, marked upon the right shoulder W B in one, within a 5 ft. 1 in. high. 6/23 DUKE, a new Negro marked upon the right shoulder W B in one, within a 5 ft. 61/4 in. high. 6/24 HOPE, to PHILLIPS in Kingston, she formerly belonge d to Mr. JOHN BULL 5 ft. 3 in. high. 6/24

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307 TOM, a creole, to Nutfield Estate.127 6/25 JUNE and CHANCE, Mundingoes both marked R O owner unknown. 6/25 COBENNA, a creole, to Moor hall Estate. 6/25 SAMPSON, country unknown, belonging to Burlington Estate, Portland, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 6/26 127 St. Mary parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.203. [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name and country unknown, to JOHN COZENS marked I C on top, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 7/3 DAVY, a Congo, to DORMER Trelawny, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 8/9 ROSELLE, a French Negro, stout made, marked on the front breast COUCHERER 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 8/13 JACK, a Coromantee owner unknown, marked on the right shoulder W L 5 ft. 1 in. high. 8/14 JACK THOMAS, a Moco to Mrs. CONWAY, Kingston, marked on both shoulders L C 5 ft. 2 in. high. 8/14 BILLY, a Socco owner unknown, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 8/18 DORSET, owner unknown, a Fidler [fiddler], no mark, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 8/18 FRANCIS HAMILTON, a sambo, says he is free, has a certificate signed Robert Lastly, attorney to Wm. Smyth [sic] and dated June 12, 1791, formerly to BAIRD 11/6 CROMWELL, alias PLATO a Nago owner unknown, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 12/28 Spanish Town Workhouse 1793. [CC] SAUL, a French Negro, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 1/11 JOHAN, a French Negro, marked on the breast Vidal&Dupui 1/11

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308 CUFFEE, a creole, to Swansea Estate, marked W P B both shoulders, 5 ft. 4 in. high.128 2/12 QUASHIE, a Corom antee, to BARRETT, marked F B on left shoulder, 5 ft. 81/2 in. high. 3/9 FRANCOIS, a French Negro man, to BARITTO 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 3/12 SIMON, a new Negro owner unknown, marked A M on top, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 3/14 HARRY, a Nago to Dr. GARVEY, mark seems to be I O P M on top, 5 ft. 91/2 in. high. 3/14 128 St. Catherine parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.278. WILK, to CARNEY, has lost three toes, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 3/29 TONEY, a creole, to CLARK marked S on the right shoulder, 4 f t. 111/2 in. high. 4/3 HECTOR, country and owner unknown, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 4/5 LATTICE, a creole, to GEORGE PINNOCK, Esq., marked P D on both shoulders, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 4/5 NORTON, a creole boy, to G. H. BROWN 4/9 JACK, a Coromantee to Mr. WA LKER or York Estate, St. James, marked J on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 4/10 PENELLA, a creole, to Mr. ARTHUR St. John, marked P A on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 4/11 MONIMIA, a Chamba girl, to BETTY GRAY, Kingston. 4/13 [ N O NAME ] and [ NONAME ] both Eboe two new Negro men, names and owners unknown, both marked on the right shoulder I A one 5 ft. 8 in. and the other 5 ft. 63/4 in. high. 4/13 FOX, a Moco to Mr. TUCKY, 5 ft. 111/2 in. 4/13 JOE, a Mungola formerly to M iss MITCHAM of Kingston, marked W B in one, on top, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 4/13 BILLY, a Mungola a new Negro, owner unknown, marked P P, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 4/16 PEACHY, a creole, to Mr. DUPUIS of Kingston, marked I I right shoulder, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 4/17

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309 NANCY, a creole, to Mr. ROAN of Kingston, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 4/17 POMILLA, a creole, to Mr. TOBARRES of Kingston, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 4/18 [ NONAME ] a Moco new Negro, name and owner unknown, marked M N on top, right shoulder, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 4/18 NORTHSIDE, a Mundingo, to Oakes s Estate, or to ARTHUR McKENZIE 4/23 JOE, a Chamba to Mrs. BOWEN 5 ft. 7 in. high. 4/23 ROSE, a creole, to Mrs. CAMPBELL, Kingston, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 4/23 PRINCE, a Moco to PAUL PARKER mark not plain, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 4/25 [ NONAME ] a Moco a ne w Negro woman, name and owner unknown, has a hole in her upper lip. 4/26 FRANK, a Mungola owner unknown, mark R G reversed on left shoulder, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 4/28 BUCK, a Mungola owner unknown, marked R G left shoulder, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 4/28 BELLA, a creole girl, to CAMPUS PEREIRA of Kingston. 4/30 CUPID, a Congo boy, to WILLIAM SMITH marked D M right shoulder. 4/30 BEATRICE, a Congo girl, to JAMES DOUGLAS marked I P right shoulder, and I D on the left. 4/30 DICK, a Nago to Middleton Estate, m arked I A right shoulder, 4 ft. 11 in. high. 5/1 CUFFEE, country and owner unknown, marked R B, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 5/2 GEORGE, country and owner unknown, marked R B, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 5/3 WOOD, a Coromantee owner unknown, no mark, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 5/7 WILLIAM, a Coromantee owner unknown, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 5/7 PHILIP, an American Negro, to THOMAS DUNKLEY, marked T D left shoulder, and O O, with O underneath, on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 5/9 SAM, a creole boy, to the estate of Mr. MURR AY. 5/10

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310 HOPE, a creole, to Captain PERKINS 5 ft. 1 in. high. 5/10 JACK, an Eboe boy, deformed and squints. 5/17 NED, an Eboe owner unknown, marked T F 5 ft. 5 in. high. 5/19 POMPEY, country and owner unknown, marked T 5/20 BOB, a Mundingo, to Mrs INGLIS marked F I 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/24 TIM, a Nago owner unknown, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 6/1 MERCURY, a Chamba owner unknown, marked W R 5 ft. 1 in. high. 6/2 NED, a creole, to MOSES DECAMPOS marked M D C 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 6/4 TOM, a Mungola to REDMOND BUCK, marked on both shoulders R L 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 6/4 ABERDEEN, a Soco owner unknown, marked T A on top, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 6/5 PETER, a Congo, to Mambullet Estate, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 6/5 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, country and owner unknown, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 6/6 PEGGY, a Nago to NANCY TUCKER mark not plain, 4 ft. 11 in. high. 6/6 CUDJOE, to LLOYDs estate, 5 ft. high. 6/9 SCIPIO, supposed to belong to H. MARSHALL marked H M 5 ft. 3 in. high. 6/10 MONDAY, alias MARY FORBES a creole, to G. G. BARRETT, marked P A. 6/11 ACRA, a Nago new Negro man, owner unknown, marked K 5 ft. 8 in. high. 6/11 HERCULES, a Moco owner unknown, mark not plain. 6/11 CUFFEE, a creole, to JAMES HEWETT. 6/11 KNOT, a creole, to GEORGE MURRAY, mark not plain, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 6/14 BETTY, a creole girl, to Miss DELPRATT 6/15 BILLY, a creole, to GREGORY, marked M G 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 6/18

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311 CROMWELL, to FISHER 6/21 JAMES, a creole, to ANTHONY GORDON. 6/21 GEORGE, a Coromantee to POPE mark not plain, 5 ft. 73/4 in. high. 6/24 DOUGLAS, a Coromantee to POPE marked R P right shoulder, 5 ft. 71/2 in. hig h. 6/24 BENEBA, a creole, to BLACKBURN, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 6/26 DRYDEN, to MORRIS 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 6/26 YORK, a Mundingo, to HARRISON, 5 ft. 111/2 in. high. 6/27 JAMES, a creole boy, to Miss BRISTOW 6/27 LEONORA, a creole, to HEMSLEY 4 ft. 11 in. high. 6/29 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name, country and owner unknown, marked S M 6/30 MONIMIA, a creole, to JONES 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 6/30 ALLEN, a creole, to RISBY s Estate, 5 ft. 13/4 in. high. 7/1 JOHN, a Nago owner unknown, 5 ft. 91/2 in. high. 7/1 ALICK, a Nago boy, says he belongs to Gibbons, mark appears to be REULLOON on both breasts. 7/2 DAWSON, an Eboe to BRADFORD, at Chereras, St. Mary, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 7/4 JOSEPH, a Mundingo, owner unknown, marked J I B 7/6 JAMES KING, a mulatto, says he came from America and is free. 7/6 TOM, a Moco owner unknown, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 7/7 POMPEY, a creole boy, to the estate of T. HARRISON, dec. 7/8 SUKEY, a creole girl, to YOUNG, Kingston. 7/9 BADHEAD, alias PRINCESS, a young female ch ild, to Miss MATTHEWS, St. Thomas in the East. 7/9

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312 PHILIP, a creole, to Daggers, marked I C 7/9 JOHN PAINE, a French Negro, has a number of marks on his breast. 7/9 PAEDJEAU, a French Negro, mark on his breast, not plain. 7/9 FRANK, a French negro, ma rked P L M on breast. 7/9 WILLIAM, a French Negro, marked P L M on breast. 7/9 SUNDAY, a Coromantee to Romley Estate, or SIMON TAYLOR 5 ft. 31/2 in. 7/13 DOUGLAS, a new Negro owner unknown, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 7/16 SARAH, a creole, to WILLIAM HE NRY, Kingston, 4 ft. 3 in. high. 7/18 PEEK, a Congo, to Mr. JAMES 5 ft. 81/2 in. high. 7/27 NERO, a creole, to Mrs. MENDES 5 ft. 1 in. high. 7/28 PRINCE, a Congo, to Mr. JAMES 5 ft. 3 in. high. 7/29 PETER, an Eboe to Mr. HAMILTON at Moor Hall Esta te, marked H the other letter not plain, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 7/31 WILLIAM, an Eboe owner unknown, marked T H 5 ft. 7 in. high. 8/1 DUKE, a creole, to Mr. WALLACE marked on both cheeks H W 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 8/2 MAY, a Mundingo, to Rose Hall Estate 5 ft. 11/2 in. high.129 8/4 MONTROSE, a Congo, to Mr. CLARK mark not plain, 5 ft. 23/4 in. high. 8/7 JAMES, a Mundingo, to JOHN ANDERSON, marked P X C 5 ft. 1 in. high. 8/9 JOHN, a Congo, to Mr. NICKY, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 8/9 ADAM, a Moco to ROBERT GARRICK mark not plain, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 8/9 QUAMIN, a Congo, to RICHARD BRISSETT marked I E 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 8/9 129 St. James parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.234236.

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313 GEORGE, a Mundingo boy, to JOSEPH HENRIQUES marked I H 8/9 WILLIAM, a Congo, supposed to belong to WILLIAM THOMPSON, marked W T 5 ft. high. 8/9 BOB, a Congo, to Miss HAY, Kingston, marked P on both shoulders. 8/11 BILLY, a Coromantee new Negro, owner unknown, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 8/11 BOB, a Moco to SMITH 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 8/13 [ NONAME ] a new Negro name, country and owner unknown, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 8/14 WILLIAM, a Mungola owner unknown, 4 ft. 91/2 in. high. 8/15 PHEBA, an Eboe to Mr. PARKER 4 ft. 9 in. high. 8/16 MARY, a creole, to Mrs. FLETCHER Kingston. 8/16 ROBIN, a creole, to Hillside Estate, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 8/17 RICHARD, a Congo, owner unknown, marked two hearts, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 8/18 CHAPO, a creole, to Amity Hall Estate.130 8/18 PRINCE, a creole, to Dr. KING, marked I F K on top. 8/20 WILKES, a Moco to CARNEY, marked F M 8/21 SAMMY, a sambo boy, to Dr. BURATO. 8/21 Trelawny Workhouse 1793. [CC] [ NONAME ] a new Negro woman, owner unknown, marked O I 5 ft. 4 in. high. 11/29 [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro woman, owner and country unknown [sic], no mark, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 3/6 JOE, a Nago owner unknown, marked H L 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 4/16 [ NONAME ] an Eboe a new Negro woman, owner unknown, no mark. 4/18 130 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.132 (Clarendon), 125, 233 (St. Thomas).

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314 STELLA, a Congo, to DAVID SCHAW 4/18 ADAM, a Congo, to same [DAVID SCHAW] 4/21 FORTUNE, to Mrs. BERNARD, Montego Bay. 4/21 DAPHNE, a Moco to a Mr. MORRIS 4/22 YORK, a Chamba says he belongs to a Mr. PATTERSON marked R P, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 5/12 BILLY, a mulatto, to ROBERT GORDON, St. Ann, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 5/20 BREST, a Moco to same [ROBERT GORDON] 5 ft. high. 5/20 SYLVA, new Negro woman, owner and country unknown, no mark, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 5/23 NANCY, a Moco new Negro, owner unknown, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 5/25 DANIEL, a Moco owner unknown, marked B B, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 5/25 PRINCE, a Moco owner unknown, marked E S between, 5 ft. high. 5/25 LUCY, a Moco new Negro, owner unknown, no mark, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 5/26 PRINCE, an Eboe says he belongs to a Mr. STENNETT, marked I S 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/28 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, owner unknown, marked I I, betw een, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 5/28 BILLY, says he is an American, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 6/4 JOHN, an American, marked W P not very plain, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 6/4 [ NONAME ] a Canga a new Negro man, owner unknown, marked B M 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/6 KENT, a creole, says he belongs to JOSEPH THARP no mark, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/9 FRANKY, a Papaw to the Lottery, marked E T on top, 5 ft. high. 6/11 QUAMINA, a Mundingo, belongs to W. BALFOUR or Virgin Valley Estate, marked three G s or C s on each shoulder.131 6/12 131 Trelawny parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.129131.

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315 JAMES, a Moco to a Mr. BROCK at Hampshire, marked M T [upside down], 5 ft. high. 6/14 BOATSWAIN, a Coromantee to JOHN PATTEN, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 6/17 MURPHY, an Eboe to a Mr. JONES marked I I, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/18 SALLY, a mulatto creole, to Dr. ANDERSON, St. Ann, marked I A on the left shoulder, and another mark below it, also two others on the right shoul der, not plain, 5 ft. high. 6/22 DUKE, a sambo creole, to HENRY CARR St. Ann, no mark, 5 ft. 81/2 in. high, 6/24 GILLIS, a Mundingo, to JAMES no mark, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 7/1 DAVY, a creole, to THOMAS COLE St. Ann, has lost two fingers off the le ft hand. 7/1 DARILLA, a creole, to OLIVER ROACH, marked P B. 7/1 WILLIAM, a creole, to R. W. LINTON, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 7/4 JAMES, a Moco to I. L. WINN but since find he belongs to a Mr. SMART a millwright in Spanish Town, marked I L W or I W not pl ain, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 7/5 [ NONAME ] a Moco new Negro man, owner unknown, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 8/20 BOB, a creole, to Mr. JAMES at Black River, no visible mark, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 8/29 ROSE, a creole, to McINTRYRE [sic] marked D C 4 ft. 8 in. high. 9/2 QUAMIN, an Eboe to same [McINTRYRE] marked D M 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 9/4 OTHELIA, a creole, to Pembroke Estate, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 9/8 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, owner and country unknown, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 9/9 DICK, a Papaw owner unknown, marked I I 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 9/10 [ NONAME ] a new Negro woman, owner unknown, 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 9/11 CATO, an Eboe owner unknown, marked P N 5 ft. 81/2 in. high. 9/12 VIOLET, a Moco to Running Gut Estate, marked M L 5 ft. 2 in. high. 11/8

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316 Westm oreland Workhouse 1793. [CC] JOHN WILLIAMS, a brown man, to a Mr. RICHARD ATKINS Barbadoes, marked with S B on right shoulder, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 3/12 ROBIN, a creole, to SENIOR 5 ft. 4 in. high. 3/23 JOHN WILLIAMS, a black, says he is free, born in S t. Ann, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 4/7 CARELESS, a Congo, to D. MALCOLM 5 ft. 7 in. high. 4/9 JOHNSTON, a creole, to SINCLAIR 5 ft. 7 in. high. 4/16 DICK, a Coromantee to WEDDERBURN, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 4/23 MARY, a Mundingo, to Burnt Ground Penn, 4 ft. 9 in. high. 4/27 PETER, a Congo, to DELANO, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 5/7 AUSTIN, a creole, a mulatto, to S. RITCHIE 5 ft. 9 in. high. 5/23 JOE, a Chamba to DREW has lost the toes of his left foot, mark not plain, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 6/3 TOBY, owner unknown, marke d E B, on top, left shoulder, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 6/6 PETER, a Congo, to DELANO, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 6/10 COLIN, a creole, to DINAN, 4 ft. high. 6/15 WILLIAM, a creole, to Holland Estate, St. Elizabeth,132 has been runaway a number of years, and was tried at S avanna la Mar for horse stealing in April last as a free man, since which he says he belongs to the above property, and his name is JAMES ; marked on both breasts and shoulders W B 4 on top, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 6/15 PETER, a creole, to Phoenix Estate, Hanover, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 6/18 [ NONAME ] a Moco new Negro man, owner unknown, marked M W 5 ft. 4 in. high. 6/24 RODNEY, a Moco to CLARKE 4 ft. 6 in. high. 6/29 DAWKINS, a creole, to Mrs. WALLER marked H W on both shoulders, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 6/30 132 see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), pp.145146.

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317 GREENWICH, a Moco to BLACKHEATH, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 6/30 MYRTILLA, an Eboe to DAWS marked I D on top, left shoulder, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 7/2 ISAAC, an Eboe to ROBERTSON, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 7/6 QUACO, a creole, to Lancaster Estate, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 7/10 GEORGE, to STONIER 5 ft. 4 in. high. 7/21 JAMAICA, a Moco to BERNARD, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 7/24 DOVER, to Paul Island Estate, 5 ft. high. 8/24 PETER, a creole, to WEDDERBURN, marked R D 5 ft. 1 in. high. 9/1 ROBIN, a creole, to SENIOR 5 ft. 4 i n. high. 12/9 1794 Black River Gaol 1794. [CC] FANNY, to GRANT Kingston, marked on both shoulders G NK 5 ft. 11/4 in. high. 1/31 BARRETT, a Chamba owner unknown, marked on both shoulders E B reversed, on top, 5 ft. 91/2 in. high. 2/3 TOM, a Congo, owner unknown, mark on right shoulder B N between, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 4/6 BILLY, a Canga to TIMBRELL Savanna la Mar, marked on both shoulders C H 5 ft. 21/4 in. high. 4/24 GEORGE, a creole, to CUTHBERT a mason, Kingston, mark on right shoulder apparently B 5/27 JAMES, an Eboe to George s Plane [sic] Estate, Westmoreland, marked on right shoulder H 5 ft. 5 in. high. 5/29 POMPEY, a Congo, new Negro, to estate of BROWN Kingston, marked on right s houlder W B 6/22 BOB, a creole, to Swansey Estate, Clarendon, no mark. 6/29 Hanover Workhouse 1794. [CC]

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318 BUCK, an Eboe new Negro, marked on the left shoulder A M on top, 5 ft. 81/2 in. high. 1/9 NOT, an Eboe a new Negro, no visible mark. 1/9 HUNT, a new Negro man, marked on the left shoulder A M on top, calls himself Hunt or some such name. 1/18 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, name, owner and country unknown, marked on the right shoulder I R between, 4 ft. 11 in. high. 4/18 JOHN, a Nago a boy, says he belongs to a Mr. POUNDER dec. 4/27 JACIN and ROBERT, both Mocoes new Negroes, say they belong to Mount Eagle Estate, Westmoreland, one marked on the rig ht shoulder M E in one, the other appears to have the same mark [ M E in one ] on the left shoulder. 5/10 PHIBBA, of the Sacum country, says she belongs to SMITH Montego Bay, marked H right shoulder. 5/26 BEHAVIOUR, a Nago new Negro girl, stout made, no visible mark, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high; says her name is Behaviour. 5/27 JOHN, a creole Negro, says he belongs to a Mr. CRUICKSHANKS of Antigua, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 5/28 HAWK, an Eboe says he belongs to a Mr. BUCKNOR St. James, no visible mark, 5 ft. 21/4 in. high; calls himself Hawk. 6/17 WILLIAM, a Mundingo, says he belongs to Mr. WEDDERBURN, Westmoreland, mark on the right shoulder appears to be M O and on same shoulder R O on top. 7/10 JOHN HARVEY, a mulatto man, says he is free, but formerly belonged to ARCH. CAMPBELL Minard, St. Ann. 10/8 Kingston Workhouse 1794. [CC] OXFORD, a Congo, has country marks, and a cut on his left arm, 5 ft. 13/4 in. high. 2/2 MOLLY ROSE, a French woman, marked H on right breast, 4 ft. 11 in. high. 2/14 HARRY, a Congo, to CAMPBELL, near Montego Bay, marked I C on top, right shoulder, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 3/11 SUCCESS, a Congo, supposed to be marked I C on top, right shoulder, with a collar and part of

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319 a cattle chain on his neck 5 ft. 7 in. high. 3/11 JOHN, a Chamba 5 ft. 4 in. high. 3/17 JACK, an Eboe to REID St. John, marked D or R, on top, right shoulder, 5 ft. high. 4/9 JEMMY, a Congo, to H. REDWAR 5 ft. 1 in. high. 4/21 INDUSTRY, an Eboe to DA COSTA, marked E W [upside down], underneath, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 4/26 MAHOMET, a Mundingo, to Dr. JE PSON marked S I 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/1 FRANK, a Congo, to MILLS Clarendon. 5/4 HECTOR, an Eboe to SCOTT marked I S 4 on top, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/5 BOB, country and owner unknown, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 5/8 PRIMUS, a creole, to DILLON marked M D right shoulder, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 5/12 SHARPER, a Coromantee to RICH. SAUNDERS Spanish Town, marked R S on top, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 5/14 YORK, a Congo, to SAMSON, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 5/17 TOM, a creole, to LUMSDEN, 4 ft. 41/2 in. high. 5/20 JACK, a Congo, to BROWN 5/20 TOM, a Congo, to COLQUHOUN, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 6/2 JOHNNY, a creole, to JOHN MAIS 5 f t. 8 in. high. 6/2 HARRY, alias QUACO, a Mundingo, marked W W. 6/4 WILLIAM, a Nago to THOMSON and JACKSON, 4 ft. 7 in. high. 6/8 SANDY, a Congo, marked G M right shoulder, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 6/14 PORTLAND, a creole, to JOHN RUTHERFORD. 6/17 FRANCISCO MAGARA, creole of Cuba, to DONSARA GUAKEN of that island. 6/17

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320 BILLY, a Mungola marked I H right shoulder, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 6/18 PRANCER, a Papaw to estate of J. KELLY dec., mark defaced, 5 ft. 23/4 in. high. 6/27 PEGGY, a creole, to THOMSEN, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 6/27 CHARLOTTE, a creole, to D. DUCOMMON, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 7/3 FORTUNE, to Mrs. ISAACS 7/3 TITAS, a creole, to Mrs. LOPEZ 4 ft. 8 in. high. 7/6 CUFFIE, a creole, to Mrs. LOPEZ 5 ft. 7 in. high. 7/6 JUDY, a Mundingo girl, country marks all over, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 7/7 JOHN, a Mundingo, new Negro, 5 ft. 81/2 in. high. 7/8 JEMMY, alias JAMES a French Negro, to Dr. PORTER 5 ft. 6 in. high. 7/10 Morant Bay Workhouse 1794. [CC] GEORGE WILLIAMS, a creole, says he was stolen off the island about twelve years ago, talks both French and Spanish, marked on both shoulders something resembling I O 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 3/14 JOHN and TYRREL, to the estate of THOMAS WALL dec., are both marked T T on the left shoulder. 3/20 MARY, a Mung ola to one McDONALD a man of colour, marked M D on top, 4 ft. 101/2 in. high. 4/19 NED, a French Negro, to DOMINICK, says his master lives in Kingston, and has lost one of his hands. 4/22 DICK, a creole, to Dr. DONALDSON, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 4/29 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, owner and country unknown, has his country marks on breasts and back, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 5/5 SYKIE, a Mundingo, Negro girl, to KISSOCK, Batchelor s Hall Penn, marked G A G on top. 5/6 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man, owner and country unknown, has had a severe punishment, 5 ft. 31/ 2 in. high. 5/7

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321 [ NONAME ] a new Negro marked M B [reversed, upside down] right shoulder, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/13 CAESAR, an Eboe to estate of DENNIS KELLY, dec., marked D K on top. 5/14 TOM, a Nago to estate of Dr. GEOGHEGAN, dec., marked on left shoulder O I , 5 ft. 2 in. high. 5/16 SUKEY TAYLOR, a Coromantee says she is free, marked on both shoulders G B R on top, 5 ft. 1/2 in. high. 6/14 PRINCE, a Congo, marked on left shoulder R I 5 ft. 6 in. high. 6/16 MARY GOMPAS, a creole, says she is free, no mark; was in Kingston workhouse lately and Moses Barnett made oath she was free, and took her out. 6/19 JOE, a Nago to estate of Dr. GEOGHEGAN, dec., marked on left shoulder G I between. 6/26 CHARLES, a Mundingo, to the estate of D. KELLY dec., 5 ft. 9 in. high. 7/3 DOLLY, a Nago to GEORGE SCOTT dec., marked on right shoulder D E 7/5 Portland Workhouse 1794. [CC] JOHN, a Mungola owner unknown, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 4/10 N ED, a Mungola owner unknown, has country marks on the face and body, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 4/11 GEORGE, a Mungola owner unknown, marked I A 5 ft. 5 in. high. 5/3 SAMPSON, a Moco owner unknown, marked I M, on top, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 5/8 WILLIAM, a Moco owner unknown, marked I M, on top, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 5/8 SAM, a Fuller [Fula], says he formerly belonged to Dr. MARLOW marked F M on both shoulders and breasts, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 5/10 QUACO, a Congo, to PATERSON, St. Thomas in the East, marked P on each cheek. 6/16 St. Ann Workhouse 1794. [CC] JOHN MARSHAL, a creole, says he is free, has a blind mark on his right shoulder, and marks of having been whipt, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 3/9

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322 GEORGE BROWN, a mulatto creole, says he is free, belonging to Campbleton Estate, marked I S on his left shoulder, 5 ft. 10 in. high. 3/10 CLINTON, a Congo, to COOMBS marked I H 3 on top, right shoulder, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 4/16 POMPEY and CAESAR, Chambas new Negroes, say they belong to Dr. BELL, or SMITH Trelawny ; one with country marks on his cheeks, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 5/11 CAESAR, a Moco to MORRISON, marked I M, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 5/11 MORANT BAY, an Eboe to SHIRLEY 5/17 DUKE, a Moco owner unknown, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 5/19 JACK, to THOMAS BELL late of Meado ws Penn. 5/19 TOM, to WILLIAM SUTHERLAND, near Kingston. 5/23 WILLIAM, a Congo, to FOSS 5/27 SALLY, a Papaw to Miss PRICE Spanish Town. 5/28 CHARLES, a Moco to MARTIN 5/29 BOB, a new Negro marked R right shoulder, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/30 GRACE, a sambo creole girl, says she is free, no mark. 7/3 MAY, a Coromantee to CAMPBELL, Minard, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 7/12 St. James Workhouse 1794. [CC] NANCY, to BESSY GRANT Westmoreland. 2/16 [ NONAME ] a new Negro name, country and owner unknown, much s welled in the legs and thighs,133 has a mark on the left shoulder, but not legible, a white blanket frock, was sent from the Maroon Town, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 4/12 FRANK, a new Negro country unknown, supposed to belong to LAYTON SMITH, Westmoreland, marked L S, on top, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 4/26 133 Cf. the common condition, often called Barbado s leg even though it was brought across the middle passage, caused by the filarial roundworm ( Wucheria bancrofti ) and which progressed to the dreaded elephantiasis; Kiple, The Caribbean Slave pp.7374.

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323 [ NONAME ] a new Negro man boy, name, country and owner unknown, marked on the left shoulder I on top, has a bad ulcer on the right leg, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 4/29 ADAM, a new Negro country and owner unknown, 5 ft. 7 i n. high. 4/29 SANDY, of the Portuguese [Congo] country, a new Negro man, very meagre, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 4/29 PRIMUS, a Coromantee to DANIEL HINE Jr., Trelawny, marked D H on the right shoulder. 5/2 BOB, to Green Pond Estate. 5/7 SHARPE, a new Neg ro mark on right shoulder not plain. 5/7 DUKE, to Mrs. SMITH Lucea. 5/7 HARRY, to THARP Green Pond. 5/7 QUEEN, a Mundingo, owner unknown, marked M I, on top. 5/7 GEORGE, an Eboe to JOHN STEVENS Hanover, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 6/2 NATT, to JOHN ROOM 6/2 DANIEL, to COLIN CHAMBER marked I C on the right shoulder, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 6/3 TOM, a Mundingo, to ARMSTRONG, St. Ann, no mark, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 7/1 PRINCESS, owner and country unknown, is meagre and sickly, marked on both shoulders E C H on top, 4 ft. 10 in. high. 7/2 PROSPER, an Eboe to JAMES McGHIE Trelawny, 5 ft. 5 1/4 in. high. 7/2 GEORGE, an Eboe to KERR 5 ft. 4 in. high. 7/8 SIMON a Mundingo, to WILLIAM JONES dec., 5 ft. 8 in. high. 7/8 VENUS, an Eboe says she belongs to Retirement, 5 ft. 1 in. high.134 7/8 JACK, to Miss MARY GRIGNION, marked on right shoulder M G 4 ft. 9 in. high. 7/8 134 St. James parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2 001), p.130.

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324 CHARLES LONG, an Eboe owner unknown, 5 f t. 71/2 in. high. 7/12 [ NONAME ] a Mundingo, new Negro, owner and name unknown, marked on the right shoulder with C C, 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 7/13 VIOLET, an Eboe owner unknown, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 7/14 MELINDA, to the estate of JAMES STOKES dec. 7/16 St. Mary Workhouse 1794. [CC] HARRY, alias PAUL a creole, to D. BRIDGES Kingston, no visible mark, formerly the property of ELIPHALET FITCH 5 ft. 3 in. high. 5/6 BRISTOL, an Eboe owner unknown, marked on right shoulder H S 5/9 WILLIAM, an Eboe t o A. McNEIL marked on right shoulder A Mc in one, the other letter obliterated, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/12 DENNIS, an Eboe to Unity Estate, marked on breast and shoulder Z B U underneath, 4 ft. 4 in. high. 6/10 CAESAR, an Eboe to JOHN ANDERSON, Clarendon, marked on right shoulder I A 5 ft. 2 in. high. 5/15 PRISCILLA, a creole, to Rose Hall Estate, St. Thomas in the Vale. 5/22 CUDJOE, to Rose Hall Estate, St. Thomas in the Vale, marked on right shoulder C P on top. 6/4 ROBIN, a creole, to WILLIAM BENTON in Kingston, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 6/20 PATIENCE, an Eboe says she belongs to a Mr. ROBINSON, Blue Mountains, marked right shoulder W R 6/26 AMELIA, a Nago to MENDEZ in Spanish Town, has country marks on her back. 6/26 OCTOBER, an Eboe says he belongs to Mr. MOORE marked on right shoulder T S in one. 6/27 BOB, alias CASTALIO, a Canga owner unknown, marked W V both shoulders. 6/29 PRIMUS, country unknown, to ELIZABETH THOMAS marked on both shoulders S T on top, visible only on one shoulder, on the other obliterated. 6/30

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325 HARALET, alias POMPEY or POMFRET country unknown, to ELIZABETH THOMAS 6/30 ABRAM, a Congo, says he belongs to a Mr. WATSON, marked on right shoulder I W 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 7/2 TRIM, an Eboe to HANSON, Duncan s, Trelawny, mark defaced. 7/7 JEMMY, alias WILLIAM REES says he is free, he was taken out of the workhouse once before, by a Mr. HENRY WILLIAMS of St. Ann. 8/5 SMART, a Nago to JAMES SMITH St. Andrews, marked on rig ht shoulder G a line through it, and I or OM in one. 8/25 CHLOE, country and owner unknown, has been marked but obliterated, 4 ft. 9 in., named marked on her frock. 9/28 Spanish Town Workhouse 1794. [CC] FURRY, a creole, to Fort Stewart Estate, 5 ft. 1 in. high.135 2/18 LUCY, an Eboe to the estate of Dr. SANCHEE dec. 2/22 JAMES, a creole, to MULKIN. 2/22 AUGUSTUS, a creole, to Mrs. RIDLEY marked F M 5 ft. 5 in. high. 2/27 ROCHESTER, a creole, to DEMETRES dec., marked R 2/27 135 St. Mary parish; see Higman, Jamaica Surveyed (2001), p.56. CAESAR, a Mungol a owner unknown, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 3/13 PROVIDENCE, alias CAESAR a Coromantee to Mr. GREY, the mark appears to be G H, 5 ft. 51/4 in. high. 3/24 QUACO, a Coromantee to WILLIAM GRIER mark not plain, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 3/24 BADDOW, a creole, to JONATHAN FORBES marked I F 5 ft. 21/2 in. high. 4/4 FRANK, a creole, to JOHN ARMSTRONG, marked S S, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 4/8 LONDON, a Moco to HUNTER marked I H 5 ft. 81/2 in. high. 4/13

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326 CARTRICE, a Bambra [Bambara] to SUTHERLAND, marked W S 5 ft. 3 in. high. 4/17 HAZARD, a Mundingo, owner unknown, lost a piece of one of his ears, 5 ft. 43/4 in. high. 4/22 LEAH, a creole, to MUNRO, Kingston. 5/7 CUFFEE, a Mungola boy, to HARVEY. 5/7 [ NONAME ] a Moco new Negro man, supposed to belong t o GEORGE RICHARDS marked G R 5/7 [ NONAME ] a new Negro woman, owner unknown, marked W G 4 ft. 10 in. high. 5/15 OTHELLO, a Congo, to estate of GEORGE STEVENSON, marked G S 5 ft. 51/2 in. high. 5/16 MONIMIA, a creole, to Mrs. WITTER 5/20 GEORGE, a Coromantee to DUNCAN, 5 ft. 71/2 in. high. 5/20 BROMLEY, a Chamba to PRICE s Luidas, marked L P 5 ft. 8 in. high. 5/22 CYRUS, to Halls Hall Estate, badly cut by the Maroons who took him. 5/22 HERCULES, a Chamba to SMALL, 5 ft. 61/4 in. high. 5/ 28 MOSES, an Eboe owner unknown, 5 ft. 1 in. high. 6/2 MARTIN, a creole mulatto, to Mrs. Lawrence, St. Ann, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 6/7 DENNIS, a Moco owner unknown, mark not plain, 5 ft. 3 in. high. 6/8 SAMBO, a Chamba owner unknown, has the letters I D on his hat. 6/10 JOE, says he came from America in the brig George 6/10 WILLIAM, a Mundingo, to LAW 6/18 DIAMOND, a Mundingo, to LAW 6/18 MARY, a Mundingo, to OGLE 4 ft. 111/2 in. high. 6/18 JOHN, a Mungola to owner unknown, marked T H 5 ft. 1 in. high. 6/19

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327 ISHMAEL, a creole, to GEORGE WOODBINE marked G B 5 ft. 21/4 in. high. 6/19 CUDJOE, a creole, to GALE marked D M on both breasts, 5 ft. 31/2 in. high. 6/19 NANCY, a Chamba to Dr. WETHERBURN marked G W 6/19 MINERVA, a Coromantee to WILLIAM WRIGHT marked I W 4 ft. 11 in. high. 7/3 JACK, a Mungola boy, to DAVENPORT 7/4 BUCKY, a Nago to WILLIAM HALL, marked W H 7/5 FLORA, a Papaw to WILLIAM HALL, marked W H 7/5 HARRY, a Nago to J. MILLER marked I M. 7/7 JENNY, a creole, to MARY ELLIS 7/7 SAPHO, an Eboe to FLETCHER I F 7/8 HARRY, a Chamba to BIGGS had a letter directed to Mrs. Armstong. 7/9 Trelawny Workhouse 1794. [CC] PRINCE, an Eboe to Shettlewood Penn, marked M S on top, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 1/6 GILLIS, a Mundingo, to LOVE no mark, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 1/15 CHARLES, a Coromantee to SCARLETT, 5 ft. 43/4 in. high. 1/23 NELLY, to Brampton Bryan Estate, marked I G not plain, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 1/29 [ NONAME ] a Moco new Negro woman, owner unknown, marked W D 4 ft. 9 in. high. 2/2 GLOSTER, a Mundingo, owner unknown, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 2/2 POMPEY, a Moco to Mr. LEWIS marked C L 5 ft. 7 in. high. 2/3 Westmoreland Workhouse 1794. [CC] ABRAM, a creole, to the estate of ABRAM LOPEZ dec., has been run aw ay a number of years, 5 ft. 5 in. high. 2/20 MOLLOY, alias GEORGE a Mungola new Negro, has his country marks on his breast,

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328 resembling diamonds, and answers the description of the Negro George advertised by Mr. P. CHURNSIDE of St. George in the Royal Ga zette, owner unknown, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 3/29 ROBERT MASON, a quadroon, to an Estate of W. BECKFORD s, Clarendon, supposed to have escaped from Montego Bay Workhouse. 4/18 GEORGE, or JAMES a Congo, to MALCOLM marked on right shoulder S R 5 ft. 3 in. hi gh. 5/15 PROVIDENCE, a Congo, supposed to belong to JAMES WAD, marked R A left shoulder. 5/16 CHARLES, a Congo, says he belongs to a Mr. JACKS Martha Brae, marked I H on right shoulder, 5 ft. 2 in. high. 6/2 MANUEL, a creole, much inkneed, to J. JONES JOHNSON, marked I I I on right shoulder. 6/25 JASPER, an Eboe to DAVID CONNELL 6/26 PHILANDER, a Chamba owner unknown, formerly belonged to E. LYONS Black River. 7/3 OXFORD, a Coromantee to Barton Estate, 5 ft. 8 in. high. 7/8 VENTURE, a Bassoo mark appears to be I I, S on top, right shoulder, 4 ft. 111/2 in. high. 7/8 WILLIAM, a creole, to BRISSETT, says he belongs to George Estate, Hanover, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 10/23 1795 Hanover Workhouse 1795. [CC] TOM, BOB, and FOX, [all three] of the Co ngo country, say they belong to Mr. LELWELL, or such name, but cannot tell place of residence; Bob appears to have been marked on right shoulder, but not plain, last letter like an S; Fox is short. 4/4 VENTURE, a creole, to Wakefield Estate, in Trelawny. 4/11 CUFFEE, a Coromantee marked on right shoulder W B says he belonged to WILLIAM LIBERT dec., Trelawny, 5 ft. 7 in. high. 4/21 CHARLES, a Coromantee to Prospect Estate, 5 ft. 41/2 in. high. 5/6 KINGSTON, a Mundingo, to Cave Valley, marked on the right shoulder I E 5/6

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329 [ NONAME ] an Eboe cannot tell his owner, mark on right shoulder appears to be W H in one, E on top, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/14 JAMES, an Eboe says he formerly belonged to a Mr. ROSS dec., but lately to Mr. WILLIAMS Westmoreland. 5/18 ADAM, a Moco to Paul Island Estate, Westmoreland, 5 ft. 9 in. high. 5/30 Morant Bay Workhouse 1795. [CC] MARCH, a Mungola to SMART marked T and P on the left shoulder. 2/10 MONIMIA, a Chamba to JONES marked I I, on top, left shoulder, 5 f t. 21/2 in. high. 3/28 MORAT, a Congo, to CARPENTER has a number of scars on her back from flogging, 5 ft. 3/4in. high. 3/30 [ NONAME ] of the Kissie country, a new Negro man, supposed to belong to JASPER GRAHAM marked W B in one within a right shoulder, 5 ft. 61/2 in. high. 4/21 [ NONAME ] a Mundingo, a new Negro man, country marks on his face, 5 ft. 21/4 in. high. 4/21 JAMES EDWARDS, a creole, says he is free. 4/27 KINGSTON, a Mungola to KINGHORN, blind of the right eye. 4/28 HANNAH, a creole to BESSY HALL 4/29 HAZARD, a Mungola to LORAIN, marked B O L on left shoulder. 5/9 Portland Workhouse 1795. [CC] JEFFRY, alias ROBERT a Mundingo, 5 ft. 6 in. high, no mark, says he was brought by a Capt. SWINEY from America and was cast away in 1785 storm, his master got drowned, he was saved, and has been lurking ever since. 3/2 BRISTOL, a Wauwie [Wakee] 5 ft. 5 in. high, no mark, owner unknown. 4/7 St. Mary Workhouse 1795. [CC] GEORGE, a Congo, to ALEX. REID a brown man in Withywood, marked on left shoulder A R in one, 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 1/8 QUEEN, to T. TRUMP TYRREL marked T on right shoulder, and T E on the left. 2/21

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330 HARRY, a Coromantee to STEPHEN MINOT attorney at law, Kingston, no visible mark. 4/30 NANCY, a Mungola to a Mr. SAMPSON leeward, marked on the right shoulder I A the A risen considerably above the skin, has a sore on her left heel, 5 ft. 4 in. high. 5/12 JACK, a Congo, to Mr. Boatt, marked on the right shoulder I B 5 ft. 11/2 in. high. 5/12 NANCY, a Congo, s upposed to belong to STEPHEN DONELAN, Cardiff, a young wench, no visible marks, 4 ft. 101/2 in. high. 5/14 NOVEMBER, a Mungola owner uknown, marked on the right shoulder W B in one, cross on top, 5 ft. 23/4 in. high. 5/14 HERCULES, a Soso, says he bel ongs to a Mr. FLOWER no visible brandmark, but marked with his country mark on his right shoulder, resembling four diamonds, 5ft. 5 in. high. 5/21 HOMER, alias HONO, says he belongs to KEW marked on the right shoulder T K in one, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 5/21 Westmoreland Workhouse 1795. [CC] [ NONAME ] a Moco a new Negro man, name and owner unknown, 5 ft. 6 in. high. 2/23 J. CROOKS, says he is free. 2/23 MUNGO, to FORBES 2/23 HARRY, a creole, to BLAGROVE 5 ft. 8 in. high. 5/2


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