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2014 LARRP Digitization Proposal Digital Library of the Caribbean 1959 1964 Noticias de Hoy from Cuba Overview dLOC seeks $8,000 in funding to support the vended digitization costs of the 1959 to 1964 issues of Noticias de Hoy, the newspaper of the Communist Party of Cuba and the precursor to the Granma newspaper which will be made accessible in the freely accessible Digital Library of the Caribbean. If funded, this proposal will enable dLOC to digitize an important ne wspaper that will provide easy access to an important publication that will contribute to the understanding of the Cuban politics Justification Although formal membership in Cuba's Communist Party remained notoriously small from the time of its legalization in 1938 through the fall of Fulgencio Batista's dictatorship in January 1959, the reach of prominent Communist leaders and the influence of th eir press in radicalizing the terms of political debate or simply inserting social issues such as race and gender into state agendas were impressive and profound. This was particularly true of the 1940s when the PSP, or Partido Socialista Popular, was at its peak of power, having achieved dominance in Cuba's militant and highly successful labor movement as well as more than a dozen seats through election to the Cuban Congress. Ironically, however, the Communists' greatest patron for most of that period thr ough the early 1950s was none other than Fulgencio Batista. Batista owed his election to the presidency in 1940 to a pact with the Communists that allowed them full legal protection in return for their mobilization of working class votes. Indeed, 1940 44, President Batista's top advisors were Communists, two of them the very same men who would become after 1960, Fidel Castro's top advisors. This relationship between Batista and the Communist Party never soured, especially in the 1950s when the only polit ical party in Cuba that refused to oppose Batista's right to rule publicly was the Communist Party. "Noticias de Hoy" is one of the few sources available that documents this undoubtedly bizarre and ironic historical process. Without it, no historian will be able to explain the peculiarities of Cuban politics, nor the opportunism that ultimately, Batista, Fidel Castro and the Communist Party shared in their pursuit of state power. Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library The Digital Library of the Caribbean (d LOC) is a cooperative digital library for resources from and about the Caribbean and circum Caribbean that provides access to digitized versions of
Caribbean cultural, historical and research materials currently held in archives, libraries, and private col lections. With 36 content contributing partners and 16 financially supporting members, dLOC is a stable digital resource for Caribbean researchers worldwide. The Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library (CNDL) is a collaborative international digital newspaper library held within dLOC that preserves and provides access to valuable resources for the study of the Caribbean and the advancement of Caribbean Studies. Noticias de Hoy The issues of Noticias de Hoy that University of Florida has on microfilm cover an im portant dates in the history of Cuba. Starting with issues from 1959 when r evolutionary forces take control of Havana the installation of Manuel Urrutia as president, and the when Fidel Castro arrives in Havana In addition, the library holds items from M arch and May, when the Cuban government nationalizes the Cuban Telephone Company, and Fidel Castro signs Agrarian Reform Act which expropriates over 1,000 acres of farmlands and forbids foreign land ownership, both laws shaped the path of the Cuban History. From 1960, the library possesses numbers from September when Cuba nationalizes all U.S. banks, including First National C ity Bank of New York First National Bank of Boston and Chase Manhattan Bank The digitization of these microfilms will help researchers who study the events that took place in Cuba after the revolution and its international repercussions. Noticias de Ho y was created in May 16, 1938, as the organ of the Communist Party of Cuba under the direction of Augusto Miranda. The newspaper was born against the opposition of the conservative sectors that favored newspapers such as the El Diario de La Marina a cons ervative publication. At the beginning among its objectives was to fight Nazism and fascism, support the Spanish R epublic fight against class differences, and create an anti imperialist national mentality. Among its directors were Blas Roca y Carlos Rafae l Rodrguez. In April 26, 1964, Noticias de Hoy continued its publication under the title Hoy (Spanish for 28, 1964 to October 3, 1965 when it merged with the Revolucin and established a new newspaper called Granma Granma is still the official organ of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba. dLOC and Cuban Newspapers In July 2009, dLOC was awarded a TICFIA grant beginning in October 2009, to build the Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library (CNDL) CNDL built upon earlier successes such as the Mellon funded Caribbean Newspaper Imaging Project which digitized several years of the Diario de la Marina along with other newspapers. Diario de la Marina has registered over 6 million page views online an d is the most popular title in CNDL. dLOC also holds many other important
Cuban newspapers. Most recently, the National Library of Cuba contributed the 1892 issue of Patria to the openly accessible repository. Some serial publications of note in the col lection include numerous issues of the Diario de sesiones del Congreso de la Repblica de Cuba, El Imparcial from 1918 Revista IRNA ( Instituto Nacional de Reforma Agraria ) from 1960 1962 and the 2006 2014 issues of Alma Mater Collaboration with dLOC and the National Library of Cuba Under the direction of Dr. Lillian Guerra at the University of Florida, dLOC has developed a partnership with key institutions in Cuba including the Jose Mart National Library of Cuba (B N JM) The partner collection of th e National Library of Cuba contains key Cuban literature, 45 issues of the journal of the National Library and several newspapers Eduardo Torres Cuevas, Director of the B N JM, has traveled to the University of Florida multiple times In addition, r epresen tatives from the University of Florida and the Digital Library of the Caribbean traveled in 2012 and 2013 as a research group to Cuba to meet with colleagues and discuss cooperative bibliographic and digitization initiatives to bring together Cuban collect ions. Facilitated by Dr. Guerra, the team met with the Fundacin Antonio Nez Jimnez de la Naturaleza y el Hombre [Antonio Nuez Jimnez Foundation for the Study of Nature and Man], Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba, Jos Mart [National Library of Cuba], Arc hivo Nacional de la Repblica de Cuba [National Archives of Cuba], and Universidad de la Habana [University of Havana]. During these meetings, the Florida and Cuban teams learned about collections and shared digital images of requested content. Digitization and Processing The UF catalog shows that UF has 20 reels of microfilm for Noticias de Hoy for issues from 1959 1964 ( http://uf.catalog.fcla.edu/uf. jsp?st=UF029876761&ix=pm&I=0&V=D&pm=1 ). A ssuming 1,000 frames per reel at $.40/each, total vended digitization cost for 20 reels of microfilm will be $8,000. The co host institutions of Florida International University and the University of Florida will cover any additional costs associated with managing, processing and archiving this important content. A v endor will scan microfilm according to the specifications of the National Digital Newspaper Program Technical Guidelines and will create a single, crop ped and straightened file for each newspaper page. The files will be made text searchable and the University of Florida Digital Library Center will provide Quality Control, load the images to dLOC and prepare a copy of the images to be shared with the Nat ional Library of Cuba. In addition, the master files will be archived with the Florida Digital Archive for long term preservation and forward migration.
Budget : Vended Digitization 20 reels of microfilm $8,000 Key Personnel: Lillian Guerra, Ph.D., Professor of Cuban & Caribbean History, Department of History, Director, Cuba Program, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida Margarita Vargas Betancourt Caribbean Basin Librarian, Latin American Collection, Depar tment of Special & Area Studies Collections, University of Florida dLOC Archivist Laurie Taylor, UF Scholarly Resources Librarian and dLOC Technical Director Annia Gonzalez, Archivist, Special Collections Department, Florida International University Gayle Williams, FIU Latin American and Caribbean Librarian and dLOC Librarian Brooke Wooldridge, dLOC Program Director Contact Person: Gayle Williams Latin American & Caribbean Information Services Librarian Green Library 225 Florida International Univer sity 11200 SW 8th Street Miami FL 33199 305 348 2228; fax, 305 348 6579