The Blue Eagle ( 1934- )


Material Information

The Blue Eagle
Physical Description:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
National Recovery Administration ( Washington, D.C )
Publication Date:


newspaper   ( sobekcm )

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 16917556
System ID:

Full Text


*-Vol. II, No. 3 Issued Weekly by the National Recovery Administration, Washington January 16, 1935
iJauar 16 1935 ''

jFuture Delivery

contracts Rplings

I Announced
!jBoard Approves Bituminous Coal
F. Code Amendment Barring Sales

S Less Than Code Prices

'Two important rulings governing sales
Contracts for future delivery have been an-
siiounced by the National Industrial Recovery
;.Board. They are:
17 1I Approval of an amendment to the Bi-
I.tuminous Coal Code providing that future-
delivery contracts, offers, or sales may not
';be made at less than Code prices.
',2. In a policy ruling, it was stipulated that
In certain cases approval would be given to
i:Code provisions limiting sales contracts for
:future delivery, although the general policy
;"does not favor Code provisions which would
limit the permissible period of forward con-
.'tracts to sell."
SBecause of the growth of a practice in the
bituminous coal industry of making con-
'.tracts for deliveries of coal on a date be-
'yond the expiration of the National Indus-
"trial Recovery Act, June 16, 1935, the indus-
try was faced with a state of emergency.
i;,The Board held a public hearing January 4
: to consider measures designed to end such
i practices.
Four days later the Board approved the
a"qmendment. It was stressed at that time,
however, that the Board's action was not final
'and further steps may be taken to stabilize
':the industry. The approved amendment is a
.% arification, it was explained, and a more
i'eact definition of what the present section
in'the Code intends.
Text of the amendment is as follows:
"Delete section 1 of article VI, and sub-
..tidtute in Uen thereof the following:
"."Section 1.-The making of a contract to
sell or offer to sell coal, whether for immnedi-
ate or future delivery, at a price below the
fair market price at the date of such con-
traict of offer .(regardless of the dates specid-
J orn-the..maidng of.-deliveries),-or- any
sale or delivery of coal (other than pursuant
-Lo contract made in accordance with the fore-
going) belowv the fair market price thereof.
.atthe time of delivery, determined as here-
inafter provided, is hereby declared to be an
Sunfair competitive practice and in violation
:of this Code. Such fair market price shall be
'determined and established as hereinafter
provided, and it shall be proper in determin-
la0g such fair market price to consider the
purposess of the National Industrial Recovery
jAct, the minimum rates of pay herein estab-
lished, the furnishing of employment for
labor, and the competition with other coals,
Iuels, and form of energy for heat produc-
,..The new policy ruling favors provisions
having g the purpose of improving competi-
hve conditions, which require the filing by
eachh member of an industry, in accordance
rWith the open price provisions of Office MaIem-
serandum No. 228, of his practices as to for-
ward contracts to sell."
i'i''owever, in cases in which it is reason-
.ably clear that the requirement for filing
.(Wduld be ineffectual, provisions which would
lnit the duration of forward contracts to
Sell may be approved, if certain conditions
,ire met."
,.The text of the office memorandum follows:
. ;:'1. NRA policy generally does not favor
-ede provisions which would limit the per-
aissible period of forward contracts to sell.
"-2. Policy favors provisions, having the
purposee of improving competitive conditions,
]Cth require the filing by each member of
-industry, in accordance with the open
ltCe provisions of Office Memorandum No.
.28, of his practices as to forward contracts
S3. In cases in which it is reasonably clear
tat the requirement for filing would be in-
ectual, provisions which would limit the
nation of forward contracts to sell, may
:.approved, if the following conditions are
:'(aO) The maximum contract period set is
isonable, with respect to the nature of the
dustry's products and its trade practices.
b(6) Such provisions are not more strin-
t than the customary practice within the
istry over a preceding period of at least
..e r.
(p) Adequate consideration is given to
..question of the necessity of including a
Saion as to special types of contracts
Wh may require exceptional treatment,
55a contracts to furnish materials for a
flc project or 'cost plus' contracts.
(i) Compliance can be reasonably anflci-
d lto a degree which will avoid any sub- increase in the administrative and
reement burden of NRA.
(e) The provision in operation will not render production and employment
:1:)..Adequate consideration is given to
dH-et of the provision upon purchasers."

Views on Emploj'ment
Sought by Board at Policy
Hearinff, Jan. 30

The National Industrial Recovery
Board baa announced that a public
hearing will be held in Washington,
Wednesday, January 30, on the subject
of employment provisions,in Codes.
This is the second of a series of open
hearings to collect evidence on the
operations of major Code provisions.

Emergency Prices

for Cigarettes

The National Industrial Recovery Board
has extended for 15 days, to January 26 in-
elusive, orders recognizing an emergency due
to destructive price-cutting in the wholesale
and retail cigarette trades and fixing mini-
mum mark-ups. The extension was granted
in order to provide additional, time for re-
view of a survey by the NRA Research and
Planning Division of conditions in the ciga-
rette trade.
The orders are aimed at retail stores not
primarily engaged in the retail tobacco trade
where cigarettes are used as "loss leaders",
thereby imperiling small enterprises and en-
dangering the maintenance of Code wages
and working conditions.
The total percentage to be added to the
wholesaler's purchase price after deductions
of all discounts must be not less than 3.1
percent in the case of sales to retailers, and
2.1 percent in the case of sales to subjobbers.
The minimum retail price of cigarettes of
which the manufacturer's list price is less
than $5 per thousand, shall be the manu-
facturer's list.price plus 5% percent tWereof,
and the minimum for other cigarettes shall
be the manufacturer's list price, plus 6%
percent thereof.

Beauty and Barber Code

Amendments Are

The National Industrial Recovery Board
has announced approval of an amendment to
the supplementary Code of fair competition
for the beauty and barber equipment and
supplies trade.
The approved amendment provides:
(1) That cash discounts on supplies and
sundries shall not exceed 2 percent, with a
5 percent maximum discount on furniture
and equipment;
(2) That all merchandise shall be sold
f. o. b. city in which a member of the trade
is located;
(3) That members of the trade may lend
merchandise to customers during such period
of time as the merchandise of customers is
being repaired; and
(4) That not less than 25 percent of the
contract price must be paid when furniture
and equipment are bought on the installment

Code is Approved for

Stone Setters
Approval of the stone setting contractors
chapter of the Construction Industry Code
has been announced by the National Indus-
trial Recovery Board. The Code is effective
January 30, 1935.
The supplementary Code carries the same
hours and wage provisions as the Master
Construction Code: Basic 40-hour maximum
work week and 40 cents an hour minimum
It is estimated that there are now about
5,120 employees in the industry compared
with 13,100 in 1929.

"Free" Funeral Service

Advertising Barred
Approval of an amendment to the Code of
fair competition for the funeral service in-
dustry has been announced by the National
Industrial Recovery Board.
The amendment prohibits members of the
industry from advertising or publicly offer-
ing "free" funeral merchandise or service.
It also establishes a minimum wage rate
for employees whether they be employed on
a full-time, part-time, or per-case basis.

Many Views Are Presented

At Price Policy Hearing 2

Whole Range of Industry is Represented and Varied,
Opinions Are Expressed on Price Control; Open.Filing I
of Prices is Urged Among Other Plans |

Nearly 300 witnesses, representing industry, labor, and the consumer, made|
oral statements or filed briefs during the National Industrial Recovery Board'
public hearings on price provisions in Codes, which began January 9 and con,-
tinued through January 12.
The whole range of industry, every interest and point of view was repre-
sented at the hearing; among them were tobacconists, textile manufacturers,'.
macaroni, dressmaking, candle and beeswax refining, the 58 machinery and allied"!
products industries, a cosmetician, coa\ sellers, wall paper, tile manufacturers,
State purchasing agents, the lumber and timber products industries, and druggists.,

SA majority of the spokesmen for industry
iold the Board that business wants some
form of price regulatfn, although they dif-
fered as to method; Almost no one wanted
rigid, permanent "fixing" of prices at arbi-
tra ry levels.
Some of the speakers thought a require-
ment for the open filing of prices would pro-
vide adequate control; others said provisions
for the declaration of minimum prices during
limited emergencies have worked well in
those industries where they have been tried.
A number of witnesses urged limiting con-
trol to a prohibition of sales below cost, the
average cost for an entire industry or, In
some instances, the cost of the individual
Production control was also cited as an effec-
tive measure of price control in certain in-
dustries. Another opinion advanced was that
Code provisions for minimum wages and
maximum hours were sufficient because they
would limit or eliminate price cutting at the
expense of labor.
Board's Policy is Outlined
The Board's policy, so far as it has been
determined and announced, was stated in the
notice of hearing:
"* * In the usual case, It Is incon-
sistent with the most effective functioning
of our industrial system to have in or under,
Codes of fair competition, price fixing-in the'
form of permanent schedules of minimum
prices, with or without mandatory costing
systems, for the purpose of establishing mini-
mum prices.
* The Board recognizes the value
of permissive cost systems, emergency price
provisions, and' the dangers to the economic
structure of destructive price cutting. It also
recognizes that minimum prices may be'
proper for the normal operations of certain
types of industry, but, in such cases, govern-
ment supervision and control would natur-
ally tend to be increased."
S. Clay Williams, chairman of the Board,
said at the opening of the hearing that the
Board was equally interested, in reactions to
its announced policy, and "in facts lying
beyond our present policy."
* this study comes out of and
traces back to the act itself * *", he
continued. * among other objects
stated in the act, is the elimination of unfair
competitive prices."
S what we are after is to find
where that line lies which does eliminate
unfair competitive practices, which militate
either against the general good or the specific
purposes that this act is trying to serve, and
yet stop short of any destruction or partial
destruction of your competitive system, or,
saying it the other way, that unwarrantedly
raises the price level of goods above that to
which the competitive system and the com-
petitive method would carry that price level."
Explains Price Behavior Complexities
Dr. Willard Thorp, chairman of the NRA
Advisory Council and associate economic
advisor of the Division of Research and
Planning, told of some of the complexities
of price behavior.
"There has been so much talk about the
'price level' that we are inclined to get the
idea that prices move somewhat uniformly ",
he said. But the price level concept is
merely a summary of a mass of criss-cross,
varying, and dissimilarly behaving phenom-
ena. Behind it is to be found widely dif-
ferent behavior of different prices, moving
in different directions at different rates of
speed at different times. Some prices are
continually fluctuating, others change only
infrequently. And the NRA problem is es-
sentially one of dealing with individual
Leon Henderson, director of the Division
of Research and Planning and ex-officio
member of the Board, and Sol Rosenblatt,
director of compliance and enforcement, sum-
marized the NRA's experience with existing
provisions, and information gathered by NRA.
Answering his otvn question, How did
price provisions get into Codes?", Mr. Hen-

derson reviewed "the psychology of the times!;1
under which the National Industrial Recovery"'-
Act ivas drafted * *" ;"
SThere was a period of downward spiraiL"
of prices which had come to affect practicaUlly'i
every level of every commodity with whicmN4
business ,was dealing." "
"* * There are two large division
of products' in relation to prices-the rigid'A.
and the elastic groups. Even in the most!
rigid group, where production has been va-
iied, instead of a reduction of prices thereiI
had come about a demoralization of prices.;r
with secret rebates and price concessidns.f
with the resultant depressions in labor, which
had created a condition which in the mindsi.I
of many seemed to require an interventioni'..
to prevent the downward spiral of prices and&,.
prevent a bankruptcy era." $
Mr. Henderson. citing the .-findings of !aN.'
prominent economist, said during 1932 508,')
000 corporations, representing about two'i. f
thirds of the National valuation of our -assets,".'i
showed a net loss amounting to $5,643,000,000.'riJ
In addition, after payment of dividends, theuA!
paper surplus at the end of 1932 for all cor-,
porations reporting to the Bureau of Internal.
Revenue, -had shown a'total of $9,671,0000000 q.
reduction in.surplus. As this did not include
the impairmdent of assets brought about by1,'
the resultant decline in purchasing power,'i
Mr. Henderson added, "No wonder industry,.'|
in general, was thinking in terms of price' .
stabilization * What was more nat-.'
ural than, when Codes came into existence, -
that the first attention should be given to:
price control?" '.
Lists Principal Price Provisions in "
Listing the principal price provisions in'..
Codes, he continued, "There is some form ':S'4.
of minimum price provision in 568 Codes.:.
Destructive price cutting is prohibited, in.-
122 Codes. Minimum price in emergency,";j
is found in 203 Codes. Selling below cost
is prohibited, without emergency, in 420..
Codes * Prices are set in some "
measure by Code Authorities, without dec-.,.
laration of emergency, in 12 Codes * *"'
416 of the 720 Codes and supplements have, .
provisions for price filing. Codes, number- .
ing 295, provide a waiting period before re-
vised prices become effective, and 184 Codes'..:
have the waiting period stayed * 507 '-.'
Codes and supplements have provisions for.:
uniform accounting methods, or cost formu- .-.
las * 5 Codes specifically provide for 4y3
basing points, and several others provide the S
mechanism by which basing points may be 'j
obtained. -%.
* Of these 507 cost systems, the '
NRA has approved but 37. Two hundred and .'
forty have never been submitted by the '"f
"It is frequently asserted that the indus- .-
tries which have the greatest stability of ''
prices contributed most to employment and :".
recovery", Mr. Henderson added. "No' ,:1
greater fallacy persists, if the price and '-tj
employment records are to be believed." .-.
Mr. Henderson said "the question of confr- U.
petition and the rigidity of prices is coming' ,.'
more and more to be emphasized ", and asked.: '
a final question of the audience:- ...
* Assuming that governmental In"'.:..'I
terventions are necessary, assuming that they";'.
are socially desirable, why should not the'i.
Government, in addition to granting powers'':'
to stabilize prices in an emergency, also utUW- ::
ize its resources to break rigidities?" ..
Traces Compliance Experience i,
Sol A. Rosenblatt, compliance and enforce-:".
ment director, traced the experience of the' ,:
compliance division in seeking enforcement *
of various forms of price-control In Codes. E.
"Violations of minimum prices are among'.'.
the most difficult types to deal with from an.:'-.
administrative viewpoint. Price-cutting gives .'i
a violator a competitive advantage which is .":
immediately realized and for which there Is j
no adequate reparation." ''
As an extreme, but effective illustration, .-
Mr. Rosenblatt cited the instance of the /
(Continued on page 3) .:

,.... .,' .." ."* . .. . .. ., ..:,.. '.-;.^ .. ; .. ,:" ,. h ..
..a..j.J:A:It..... A .= -\.w'" ; ...; ,4 ... ! ~ ,i= :,-

.... TE tJ


n w


nportant Information' Concerning Notices of Hearings and

Opportunity to be Heard

A'Hearings ere of two types: (1) Oral hearings,
siOgnated "hearing" on calendar; and (2) op-
irtuilty to be heard" by the filing of written
atement of fact, briefs, or criticisms dealing
11 the subject matter of such notice.
'The subject matter of these notices Is abbre-,
ated in the schedule published below. A com-
lete' official copy of any notice may be obtained
request from the National Recovery Admlnlstra-
dfi, Roorb 3316, Department of Commerce Build-
2, Washington, D. C.
"EAIARINGS (oral: Those wishing to be beard
iust flea written request with the proper Deputy
lmnlnlstrator at least 24 hours before the date
,t for the hearing, which request must state:
1) Name of Industry and date of hearing:
.'names of persons wishing to testify and groups
jreseoted; (3) definite alternative proposal or
leclfc objections, without argument. Hearings
e': .connned to factual presentation. Written
lef. containing arguments as well as fact may



Facts, criticisms, objections, or suggestions con-
cerning the subject matter of such notices must
be submitted on or bel'ore the flnal date specified
in the notice, addressed to the proper Deputy Ad-
.mintstrator or 0ther official indicated. Such com.-
munications must state: (1i Name of industry;
32) name of correspondent and group repreasent-d ;
3 facts supporting criticisms, objections, or
The subject matter referred to In either type
of notice may he revised In any reasonably ger-
mane particular on the basis of such facts. crltl-
cisms, and other considerations as ore properly
before the Administrator.
Calendar Is chronological, with alphabetical
arrangement by trade or Industry for each day.
NOTEt Since nil notices must be in the printer's
bends by Wednesday evening next preceding the
publication of The Blue Eagle the calendar below
does not show notices posted on the Official Bulle-
tin Board letter that date, nor does this calender
show other hearldge for the same dotes which may
have appeared In prior Issues of this publication.


tbrday, Jan. 18, 1935
#at Manufacturing In- San Parlor, Washington Hearing on application submitted by the Code Authority for
tdustrsy, 259-321. HotbI, BirtbhE. Oppen- amendment to the Code by Incorporating the provisions of
helm, acting, administrative order dated Oct. 19, 1634. Theseprovisions relate
to an equitable adjustment of the wages above the minimum.
einforcilngMaterials.Fab- Room 703, Albee Building. Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by the
"doating Industry, 127-18 Code Authority for supplementary approval of its budget and
itc ap p elementary ap- bsits of contribution for the period from Jan. 1, to Dec. 81, 1934.
-':proval). The budget and basis of contribution were previously approved by
1'. Administrative Order No. 127-8, dated Aug. 7, 1934, for the afore-
?,.s.. said 12 months. Total amount of such budgetwas $61,709 68.
SBasis of assessment was $3 per .$1,000 of invoice value in the
;. accounting period as authorized by see. 5, art. V of the Code.
-*,..The Code was amended by AdministrFative Ordei No. 127-16
C on Oct. .6, 1934, by adding thereto sees ..9, 10, and 11 of art. V
Such ameriding of the Code necessitates the Code Authority sub-
"' mitring this application for supplembntary approval of its budget
_____________ and dLt i euialecotibtmnbialneee~
,./' and Us_ of assessment, so that ifmay take action to determine
S*...:. .- ...... and obtain equitable contribution by all member.. .
Iatwrday, Jan. 19, 1935
3haroal and Package 1820 Street NW., Frank Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by the
,'Yuel Distrbuting Trade, H. Ciockarcd. i Code Authority for approval of its budget and basis of contribu-
201-6,. 8-8 (Division of tion for the period from Aug. 17, 1934, to June 15, 1936.
,.hbolesaling or Distrib- Total budget is $35,855. Assessment shall be made at the rate of
;'sting Trade). i of percent of gros sales up to $100,000, and M of 1 percent of
gross sles In excess of $100,000, to be based on gross sales for the
period froth Sept. 1, 1933, to Aug. 31, 1934.
ototrBusIndustry,66-18- Room 318 Denrike Build- Opportunity to be heard. n application submitted by the
-.~ino lg, 0. P. Clark. Maryland-Delaware Stages, Inc., Selbyville, Del., for eempion
,;f' *from the provisions of snbesec. (b)', sea. ,1. art. VII of the Code,
^1: .requesting that it be l0remitted to register its new bpetation from
Pocomoke City, Md., to Milford, Del., by way of Maryland-
,'.. United States Highway, Route No. 113, without being required
_..'.." to file with the Code Authority a certified copy df a cert ficare of
convnlehee eand necessity, or permit, from the State of Delaware.
authorizing intrastate transportation on that portion of said
__________ _____________ operation located within the State of Delaware..

klosday, Jan. 21,1935
lalllbua Mackerel Proc- .'Blue Room, Hamilton. Hearing' on a proposed supplementary Code 'submitted by the
,essing rndnstry,'117-473 .Hotel, 10 a. m., Armin COlifornia Fish Canners' Assoclatioo, claiming to represent 90'
.'____________ W. Riley. percent of the industry. .
tuesday, Jan. 22, 1935 '
lie Contracting Industry, Directors Room, Buldet Hearing and opportunity to be heard on application of cer-
1244 E-15 (Division of Association of Kansas tain groups foi approval of a proposed agreement establishing
Construction Industry). City, New Yo-k Life standards of horis of labor rates of pay, and "other conditions of
Building, Kansas City, employment, under art. IE, -e. 1, of the Code for the construe-.
Mo., 0. S. HBudge, Actg. tion industry, and sec. 7(6) of the National Industrial Recovery
State NRA Compliance Act, affecting members of this division and certain of their am-
S. Director. ployees'in the region of Kansas City, Mo., and Kansas Cityi
'. *_________=_____________Sans.; and certain counties in Kansas and Missouri..

'Wednesday, Jan. 23,
S 1935
Fur Dressing and Dyeing
*',.Industry, 1l1-30.

*Hardwood Distillation In-
di dstry, 11i-14. .
'*'* ,.,*



','Mfk and Ice Cream Can 'Roo
Bt40." Manufacturing Indus- N'
i"r,'i.,ry,.84 D-l.

,'1. rans. Industry, 28-58 .... Root

WHiolesaling or Distrib- 1320G
outing Trade, 201-30. H.

;.:!-Thursday; Jan. 24,1935
-'.''Book Publishing tndcs" Root
r, try, 523-7. Bu



('jfa: Dress Mannfacturing In- Room
T... dustry, HA-L. Bu

O IrA .


..*.',*:'.... ......

o 4035,- Commirce
Aiding, Harry S.

D 4057, Commerce
hiding. Ovid E. Rob-,
e, Jr.

M 511, 1518 Street
w., H. FerFis wi.te.

o 318, Denrike BlUd-
g, 0. P. Clark.

G Street NW., Frank

a 4064, Cdmmerce
ilding, M.D. Walsbh.

a 4067, Commerce
ilding, M. D. Vin-

Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by the Code
* Authority for approval of its budget and basis of contribution for
the period from Jan. I to June 30, 1935.
Total budget Is $22,E00. Basis of assessment is % of 1 percent of
the net volume for a period of 6 months. "
Opportunity to be heard on application subthitted by the Code
Authority for approval of Its budget and basis of contribution
for the period from Jan. 1 to Dec 31, 1935.
Total budget is $13,340. Basis of assessment shall be the same as
that provided In the budget for 1934, namely: Not to exceed $8
for each rated cord capacity, the treasurer to Issue a call of $1
per cord rated capacity as needed, but not to exceed a total of $8
per cord rated capacity during the calendar year 1935.
Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by the sup-
plementary Code Authority for amendment to the Code by
including the following as rule M under art. V, and changing
the present rule M to rule N: "Shipments of the products of the'
industry made during the months of December, January, and
February may be given March I rating, but no cash discount
shall be allowed for anticipated payments'." And to amend old
rule M (toin become rule N) to read as follows: "The giving of
any guarantee against decline in price, except as .against the
seller's own decline up to date of shipment, or to date of invoice
on dated Items, is an unfair trade practice '
Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by the
Coast Cities Railway Co., Asbury Park, N. J., for exemption
from the provisions of arts Ll A nd IV, of the Code insofar as
they prescribe maxtmuml hours and minimum compensation for
employees failing within clssifl.cations B, C, and D of said art.
Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by the
Code Authority for amendment to art VI, sec. 5(a) of the Code
by adding par. nos 5 and 6.

Opportunity'to be heard on aippllcation submitted by the
* Book Publishing Coordlnaring Board, operating under the Code
for the book publishing industry, for approval of Its budget and
basis of contribution by the respective National Code Authorities
under the Code, for the preriodt'from Oct. I, 1934. to Sept 30, 1936
Total budget Is $7,300, as provided for in art VI, wec. i(b', par 6, of
the Code BaLsis of cjorriI)utijn requires that the maximum
contribution from the National Code Authoritias listed below,
shall be on the following hoss..
Traoe Book Publisning Industry.......................... $4, 100
Subscription and Mall Order Book Publishing Industry... 2,000
Mledicel and Allied Book Publishing Industry............. 900
Bible Publishing Industry................................ 200
Play and Dramatic Tesr Publishing Industry.............. o 100
Opportunity to be heard on application submIited by the Code
Authority for approval of its budget and basis of contribution for
the period from Jn. I to Juno 30, 1935.
Total budget Is $283,00 Basis of contributIon Is as follows: Sale of
dress labels to approximately 1,800 dress manufacturers and Job-
bers, Schepule of prices for dress labels Is as follows:

Price lines of dresses

S0 ot0 0 a

t3 toiS-" SSi
r, 0 0 0 0

New York..............
Industrial adjustment
agency outside New
York, differential $2..



Per Per
1.0)0 1,000
$8.00 $1200

10.00 14.00

$16 00



Thursday, Jan. 24,
Electric and Neon Sign
Industry, 600-609 A.

Patio Room, Carlton
Hotel, 10 a. m., A. R.
Nildason, acting.

Electrical Wholesale 113200 Street NW ,10a.m.,
Trade, 261 R-l. I Frank H. Crockard.

Industrial Safety Equip-
ment industry and
Trade, 316-15b.
Painting, Paperhanging,
and Decorating Indus-
try. (Division of Con-
struction Industry) 244

Plumbing Contracting In-
dustry (Division of Coq-
struction Industry), 244-

Solid, Braided Cord Indus-
try, 309-13.

Friday, Jan. 25, 1935
Dress Manufaoturing In-
dustry, 64-43.
Carter, Suspender, and
Belt Manufarcturing In-
dustry, 94-23.

Paintin, Pperhanping
and Decorating Indus-
try (Division of Con-
struction Industry).

Painting, Paperhanging,
and Decorating Industry
(Division of Construe-
lion Industry), 244-B-46.

Room 3074, Commerce
Building, Beverly S.
Tyler, TeL., Shewood H.
Avery, State NRA com-
pliance director.

Assembly Hall Onondaga
County Courthouse,
Syracuse, N. Y 10a. m,
Fred M. Rayburn, ex-
ecutive assistant State
NRA compliance dlrec-
Room 3022,- Commerce
Building, Victor Sadd.

Room 4067 Commerce
Building, M. D. Vin-
Room 4067, Commerce
Building, M. D. Vin-

District Courtroom,
Tyler, Texs., 10 a. m.,
Sherwood Hi, Avery,
State NRA compliance

Courthouse, Bellefoqte,
Pa, 10a.m., Wilson K.
Ray, executive assistant,
State NRA compliance

Textile Exami tinig, Room 3016, Commerce
Shrinking, and Refinish- Building, Burton E.
ing I.dustry, 497-7. Oppenheim, acting.

Women's Belt Industry, Room 4067, Commerce
41-13. Building, M. D. Vin-

Monday, Jan. 28,1935
Boatbuilding and Boat-
Repairing Indnstry, 406-

Cut Tack, Wire Tack,
and Small Staple VMan-
ufacturing Industry, 84-
N 1-5 (Division of the
Fabricated Metal Prod-
Sucts Manufaoruring end
Metal Finishing' and
Metal Coating Indus-
Dres Manufacturing In-
dustry, 84-20 K.
General Contractors In-
ddstry, 244-A-16 (D;vi-
sion of Construction

Haddkerchief Industry,

Liquefied Cas Industry,
Lumbe-r and Timber Prod-
ucts Industries 9-299.

Room 4040, Commerce
Building, W. W. Rose.

Room 507, 1518 K Street
NW., H. Ferris White.

R'nnm 2066, Commerce
Building, 10 a. m., M.
D. Vincent.
Houston, Tes Ernest L
Tutteseeutive assistant
State NRA compliance
direct or.

Room 209, Hamilton Ho-
tel, 10 a. m., Burton .
Room 2082-04, Commerce
Building, 10ta. m F. A.
Room 20t1. 907 Sixteenth
Street NW., A. C.

Millinery and Dress Trim- Room 3024, Commerce
ming Braid and Textile Building A.' Henry
Industry, 69-16. Thurston.

Motor Fire Apparatus Room 4040 Commerce
Mauufacturing Indus- Building, W. W. Rose.
try, 108-23.

Smoking Pipe hfanulac- Room 402 1518 K Street
turning Industry, 225-17. NW., W. L. Schurz.


Hearing on amendment to the Code, proposed by the Indsa.'
and approved on Nov. 24, 1934, the operation of whjic,- as sts.-
by orders dated Dec. 7 and Dec. 19, 1934 The board de ttC
necessary, because of the many protests received to the opers'm
of the amendment, to bold a public bearing to consider these pm.
tests. Theamendment isofart I' esec. 2ta),andreadsas foll0S-':
"No skilled employee snaiU be paid les thia0 at the rate of 76 mj
per hour. The term 'skilled employee' as used in this setanl
shall mean sign painters, Iron workers, sheet-metal workm,1
maintenance men, electricians glass blowers, and pumpers 11
pressly excepting therefrom helpers as hereinafter defined" "
Hearing on application submirted by the Code Authority f'i
amendment to art 1%, sec. 8, of the Code. The amendmntI,
proposed is as follows: "Sec 8. It shall be an unfair trade pria;
twice for a member of the trade to grant or offer to grant to a ct"'"
tomer a discount for cash at a percentage greater than the percent.
ae aof discount for cash received by such member of the trade o'
the same merchandise, or Ito allow or offer to allow extra discoiat ,
for anticipation of payment, or to allow or offer to allow a da.'!'
count for cash on accounts remaining unpaid after the lOth o fthe
calendar month following date of shipment, or to grant or aft -'
to grant any discount for cash where payment Is made by war.r
rant, note, or trade acceptance." . be heard on application for amendment sab.i
mitted by the Codq Authority. The amendment proposed Is toe
art. VE. seo. '7(), relating to open price policy. ;
Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by cerr"i1g
groups for approval of a proposed agreement establishing stand.
ards of bours of labor, rates ol pay, end other conditions of employ
meot under art. III, sec I, of the Code for the construction lndu.'4
try, and sec. 7(b) of the National Industrial Recovery Act, affect.:R
Ing members of this division and certain of their employees in the'":
region of Palestine, Tex. '
Hearing and opportunity to be heard on application ofcw.'
tam groups for approval of a proposed agreement establishl.oj
standards ofr hours of labor rates of pay and other condltlonl t'
employment, under anrt. I1, see 1, of the Code for thecoastrcutmi'
Industry, and sec. 7t'(b) of the National Industrial Recovery AcL,,w
affecting members of this dirlsion and certain of their empldoeys
in the region of Onondaga County, State of New York. ..
Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by the
Code Authority for amendment of sec. 2of art. VUI. The proposed`
amendment reads: "All cord shall be properly labeled in acernir
ance with such regulations as are Issued by the Code AntuIOrit..,
and approved by the National Industrial Recovery Board..... "

Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by the C[eni.
Authority for amendments to the Code, by amending art. VI,'
sac 4, and art. IX, sec 13.
Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by the Coded'
Authority for amendment to the Code by adding art XI,,tos
read as follows: "Nothing contained In this Code shall constiUnne
the members of the Code Authority partners lor any purpose
nor shall any member or members of the Code Authority be liable
in any manner to anyone for any act of any other member, office,
agent, or employee or the Code Authority. Nor shall any mea-t.
ber of the Code Authority, exercising reasonable diligence in the
conduct of his duties bereunder, be liable to anyone for any act
or omission to act, under this Code, except for his own willflt"
malfeasance or nonfeasance." "
Hearing on application submitted by certain groups for appri'vli
of a proposed agreement establishing standards of hours of labor,
rates of pay and other conditions of employment under art. jf'
sec. 1 of the Code for the construction Industry, and sec. 7 (iii
of the National Industrial Recovery Act, affecting members of,
this division and certain of their employees in the region of Palih-
tine. Tex.
Hearing and opportunity to be heard on application of certain,
groups for approval of a proposed agreement establishing stand.,
yards of hours of labor rates of pay and other conditions'of em-,
ployment under art Ilh, sec. I, of the Code for the construction
Industry, and sec 7 (6) of the National Industrial Recovery Acd.
affecting members of this division and certain of heir employ-';
eas in the region of Centre and certain portions of Clearfli-
Counties, State of Pennsylvania. "
Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by the Cede
Authority for approval of its budget and basis of contribntion ro.!
the period from Sept. 1, 1934, to Aug. 31, 193b
Total budget Is 16,000. Basis of asss..ment is X of 1 percent of the'
arerave yearly gross business of the industry.
Opportunity to he heard on application submitted by the eodiL:
Authority tor amendment to the Code by adding a neo ssit.,
division to be designated "E", art. Vi, to read as follows-!
"Nothing contained in this Code shall constitute the mdembers,'
of the Code Authority partners for any purpose. Nor shall sny',
member of the Code Authority be liable in any manner to anyssme
for any act of another member, firm, agent, or employee of ths..I
Code Authority. Nor shall any member ot the Code Authority,'
exercising reasonable diligence in the conduct of his duties here.',
under, be liable to anyone for any action or omission to act unde.-
this Code except for his oivn willful malfeasance, misfeasane,'Or:
nonoeassunce 1


Opportunity to be heard on application'submitted by the Cede
Authority for approval of its budget and basis of assessment far
the period from May 4, 1934, to June 16, 1935
Total budget Is $16.,942 34. The budget covering a period or'Bs
. proximately 13) months is less than oie of 1 percent of thec tosl
sales for the same period, based on the 1934 sales of $63,000,0
and amounts to an average assessment per employee of $1.41 fi
the entire period or $1 26 annually on the basis of 12,000 employ"
see In the industry. Budget has been apportioned among Ilb
fite division Code Authorities in proportion to the ratios which
the number of employees within each division bears to the mto
number of employees in the industry. :
Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by t,'
supplementary Code Authority for approval of its budget ea
bass ol contribution for the period from Aug. 1, 1934, to July3ll:
Total budget is $20,390. Basis of assessment is B cents per 100 ponns
of the total domestic shipments of the products of the Induas
by each member, for the preceding month, payable monthly i
the basis of shipments reported to the confidential agent.
Hearing on application submitted by MJtcliell & Weber, e,
New York City, for exemption from the provisions of art. I,
see 1. of the Code
Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by rt
groups for approval ol a proposed agreement establishing stan
ards of hours of labor, rates of pay, and other conditionsofemplo
meant, under anr. III, see 1 of the Code for the'constructlon idin
Itry, and sec. 7'b) of the National Industrial Recovery Act, afft
Ing marmibbrs of this division and certain of their employees in IL
region of Travis County, Tes. -.
Hearing on epplicatUon submitted by the New York Handki
chief Manufacturing Co, Chicago. 11l., for exemption from
provisions of art. IV,, see I, art. IV, sec 4, and art. LX, seo. .id
the Code.
Hearing on application submitted by the Industry, asrepreseat
by the Emergonc" National Committee for tho liquefied gast
dustiry, for amendment to art. V of the Code
Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by the C
Authority for a stay of the exemptions granted by Adminisrals
Orders No'. X-J0 and X-36I as to all persons as to whom said
emptions have been termrinaled by Administrative Order N
9-137. A stay to cover the period between Apr. 14 and O0'
1934, Is asked, so that such persons will no longer be esem,
from paying their proportionfte share of the costs of admt.
intog the Code during this period.
Opportunity to be heard on application, submitted by the0
Authority for approval of is budget and basis of contribution
the period from Jan1. 1935, to Itar. 31, 1935 1
Total budget is $2,448. Basis of assessment Is li of 1 percent iof
reported sales and collections for January, February, and M..
1935 Asessments shall be paid monthly.
Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by ihe
Authority for approval of irs budget and basis of contribtoie,
the period from Jan. 1, 1935, to and including Dec. 31. 1936. ,
Total budget is $14,100. Basis of assessment is 1 of I percent
sales of Code products by each member of the industry as&s91
by ledger accounts Assessments are payable quarterly basad
sales of the preceding quarter. This Code Aut borit y wasm
a terminal ion of the exemption conferred in par. III of Admi
trative Order X-36 on Oct. 23, 1034. Accordingly, all meJt1
of the mdautry are liable to assessment whether or not theIr*
cipal line of business is; embraced in the industry.
Opportunity to be heard on application submitted by-
Code Authority for approval of Its budget and basis of canti
dion for the pertid from May 1, 1934, to Apr. 30, 1035. ."
Total budgetis;ti2,500. Bas.isofassessment isas esfollows: A11.1
bers of the industry shall be assesed except those sped..
exempted by par 3 ol Administrative Order X-38. The -
mum assessment shall be 35 cents for each $100 volume of",
ber's gross sales for previous year payable quarterly In ad:
beginning SMay 1, 1934 .

, .. : , . .. .. ...._. .
,, ~..:r' ,..,.:J .: -,-.

I I-

. l


Many Views Are

, leaning and dyeing trade, where the price
Schedule was abandoned because of the in-
. ability of the compliance division to deal
:with the many violators of the minimum
IHe emphasized the difficulty of bringing
public pressure on price-cutters, and added,
.`-,prom the point of view of enforcement, it
can oply be handled by bringing the violator
.Ilnto court on the morrow of his offense."
Pointing out the difficulty of enforcing
C:.ode provisions dealing with sales below
cost, he stated, "Concerns charged, with such
'..violations are sometimes reluctant to supply
'information * Investigatlonls of such
complaints frequently involve long delays and
'",are generally costly * After adequate
data has been secured, it is. still extremely
diffcult to establish the fact of a sale below
P'.cost. Cost is a variable item -* *
; Violations of mandatory mark-up provi-
si.Uons are not as difficult to detect as the
'other examples cited and such Information
'ibas been obtained fairly readily. * *
vwe have not found such provisions in general
'-to be impracticable. Their effect has been
t.o simplify the problem of dealing with the
deliberate loss-leader, rather than to prevent
iales below cost in the generallmass of sales
:fat'retail * *"
V" r M. fosenblatt, summarizing the compll-
race problem, said ineffective and inolierative
p.rice-control provisions in Codes have been
*found to affect adversely the entire Code
'system. Not only do: unworkable Code pro-
'visions hamper the effective administration
of 'other provisions in the same Code, but
I-they encourage violations of other Codes and
-.react seriously against the entire program.
.* * It is important that basic objectives
u..h.ould not be injured by continuing unen-
forceable regulations, or neglecting to revise
i them as their 'defects appear."
A1 any Support Open Price Filing
-h Arthur D. Whiteside, member of the Board,
calledd attention to "the inconsistencies that
I. .-have developed in this hearing" and 'said,
"i.i believe that permitting the filing of open
.i prices with or without a waiting period is
n odt a price-fixing provision, whereas * *
.:..maximum hours and minimum wages are
.idlrectly price-fixing agreements.
.1:" *" We have gone through a vast
::economic change during the past 20 years.
i; 9 *We were in a serious emergency
That required the use of'every possible fa-
',eity * if experiments were made
tending toward price fixing, we just had to
A''ake that chance, and we did it, and we did
'ii in very few Codes. * Most of' the
paice-fixing incidents that bave *risen in this
..'-earing and.previous hearings on the subject
.off price have been external to the manda-
..tory provisions of Codes. * *"
SHenry S. Dennison, Dennison Manufactur-
7?ing Conipany, said:
"The provision for open pricing is not'
merely a defense provision. It constitutes
qae of the most fundamentally constructive
Sipteps toward making it possible to have in-
telligent management of American business.
The more we can know of the business situa-
t.on in, which we find ourselves, the better
f''chance in business management has careful
..And intelligent thinking, as against *
'.'underhanded manipulation open
..prices are not fixed prices."
',' William J. O'Leary, representing the 58
'Imachinery and allied products industries,
Llaid open.price filing is an effective measure
in those industries, and added, We believe
-that the open filing of prices should not only
e, .permitted, but that it should be en-
W'"e do not wholly share the doubts of
the Administration of waiting period pro-
"isions such provisions should be
Yven a broader trial, eliminating any abuses
vhieh may develop, while still conserving
heir advantages." .
Members of the following industries also
v"dvocated open price filing:
''Paper and pulp, electrical manufacturing,
Qhain manufacturing, fertilizer manut'factur-
.g, pump manufacturing, gas appliance man-
M1facturing, laundry and dry cleaning equip-
m'Bent, alloy casting, ice, lime, stone cutting,
radioo broadcasting, macaroni, baking, elec-
trical contracting, asbestos, asphalt shingle
.and roofing, compressed air, and heat ex-
"Iange industries.
..V ,
S Held As Competition Spur
BJames W. Baldwin of the radio broadcast-
lag Code Authority, made a statement typl-
ci of many expressions in support of this
'A-'.'The provision for open price filing, with
the waiting period, is the most important
rOvision of the Code * Remove it,
4d you will have taken the heart out of our
Code, you will have taken away all there i1
-promote stability of price and welfare of
.George A. Sloan, as chairman of the Con-
Ners' Goods Committee, defended price-
Vletrol provisions in Codes and called upon
.'and industry "to make existing mcas-
res work or to produce something that will
Ork better" He continued :
b.'..The epithet price fixing', as inaccurately
Dpiied to many of these measures, is often
Sas In itself an argument *
speaking of open price filing Mr. Sloan
'Id :
.Ilts effect is largely psychological *
,tIsnot 'price fixing.' It Is the endeavor

to mitigate the
price cutting
whole corn petit
* * Until
earning a retu
merely replace
make possible
placements and
able scale, pay
return In the f
to class these a'
the evils of mon
"As for the Ic
against price d
to small concern
is true."
"The labor i
not become Vo
partnership of
which was inv
terminated (as
then the spirit
the best fruits o
not survive."
In answer to
man, member o
cover Board, a
delegate author
mum prices, M
unless there v
the part of th
Hiliman then Ia
be regulated so
can compete at
being given sua
4'S * W
aid of the Gove
tives," Mi. Sloa
tion ", and add'
taken thpt step
Mr. Paul H.
Price Varrety S
"The NRA i
those rho hay
by those who w
No one has ye
sales by raisin
cultles of enfo
may prevent th
if approved by
tain they can
degree of Govi
.By what right
fixing to be pe
costs of Gover
Urges Pr
Mr. Nystrom
Limited Price ,V
which petitiorie
ministration to
sions from all
sions "certain I
and labor, as w
of industry and
Joseph W. N
the city of Mill
United States
also declared a
cases where, re
of manufacture
by the city. H
intended to su
expense of the
Mary E. O'C
New York Stat
for State conra,
are the chiseled
it is true '
bidding is mor
controlled by tt
in specialized i
struction. featn
where product
centralized and
on the average
who outguessei
Government pui
be, on an open
is public only
time of bid ope
". * F
purchasing age
with the wait
nomically uns
say price fixing
whatever title,
The NRA Co
seated extensi'
Code price cont
industries. De
tive director
these reports
opposed "the
arrangements I
ited number of
public supervise
"In general'
evidence which
to Code, and i
"(1) Prorisii
fixation of min
been utilized t
to be obviously
"(2) Code p
nate information
been perverted
price fixing.
"(3) Efforts
prices have oft
of hopelessly ci
"(4) Recent

'** * ** > ". '."* ;-'..'" ."* "4 ,- .* ..^ : =...^ ,'.- .., ^ r-.i. ... -..' :. .,; ,.'. .. .*'*. : ga

Presented' atP rice olicy Hearing,
(Continued from page !) .'.

destructive effects of secret ery Administration to correct flagrant mis- become "a tyrannical profiteer" under
* by bringing the use of price-fixing powers granted to business system. ..'
tive process into the open groups by the Codes, -have' dealt with only Minimulim price declarations during em l'.
it is shown that industry is a fraction of the problem presented. agencies, in effect under only a few Cd4
rn' which does more than "(5) Price-fixing provisions have been in-. were upheld by some witnesses and several
impaired working capital, creasingly Ignored, thup creating a pew type criticized by others.": .
the restoration of credit, re- of bootlegger and presenting the Nation with I. H. Lefkowitz, a side-street tobacconiA
improvements on a reason- another demoralizing example of large-scale in New York, spoke for the little fellows. li
SInterest charges and small contempt for law. the retail tobacco trade, advocating m1in
form of dividends, It is Idle "(6) Law-ablding agencies, and persons mum prices. 4
activities of NRA as producing respecting prices fixed .under the Codes have, He told of the price wars that swept _tI
iopoly. .increasingly' been the victim. of economic tobacco trade in 1933, driving retail pricp
'ose assertions that provisions discrimination. down. .
lemoralizatlon are oppressive "(7) Numerous business groups "I * If I were only able to find. He
as, by and large the reverse .favoring price fixing enthusiasticJlly kave right words abd make you feel the facts, Y6%
s "ome to recognize its futility. would have to decide to continue the pIcj
ive Spirit Endangered "(8) Prie-fixing provisions Improperly provisions in our Code. I think I eon4il
rovilon of the Codes must written into Codes of fair competition have, name you a hundred men among my' twNM
rovisos of the Codes musth served to buttress unfair restraints upon friends who 'were ruined by the terriblibfs
S A ts fGovernment price competition devised before the advert price cutting of the year 1933. ..
industry with Government. of the National Recovery Administration. Small shopkeepers can't afford bankrup.tcy:
oked by the President were In the light of such a record it seems en- they just turn the key in the lock when they-.
we believe it will not be), tirely clear to this Board that the provisions Can go no further.
of cooperation, wech s one of tin- the Codes authorizing price fixing should. *-* When Icompare, what '
if the NRA experiment, could .almost without exception be eliminated fqrth- Cow with my condtlon before the Cod',
Sa question b Sidney Hill- with, and any reinstatement made contingent seem to be living in clover: I can pay.,:.I
a question by Sidney i-upon a showing of both necessity and desira- '$tl s.and take care of my family '5
?f the National Industrial .Re- butly far clearer than that which has been Two representatives of the Retail Toba
as to whether or not be would submitted prior to the adoption of' any one Code Authority said the Code's emergency. .
ity to industry to set niini- of these provisions. It seems equally' clear price 'Protislbn sales have improved.
r. Sloan said, "I would not, that safeguards should be thrown about pro- .
vas sufficient supervision on visions for price reporting, which will pre- Cite Improvement in Sales -.,
e Government- agency." Mr. vent their perversion for price-fixing par-' o t Ra 't'
asked if industry should not poses." wo representatives of the Retail Tobaem e
That no individual member Goldthwalte H. Dorr; president of the Cot- de Authority said the Code's emergency.
Sthe expense bf labor before top Textile Institute,' spoke of "a funda- price provision bad saved thousands a -
;h Government protection. mental provision',in the Cotton Textile Cpce small retailers from ruin. William Holling
e have attempted, with the which places a maximum of hour'of opera. worth'and Arthur Mayer, the Code Auth '
ernment and labor representa- tion of Its equipment. It is intended during lty,' witnesses, said sales' have improved: an.-
n replied, "to meet that situa- the period, of emergency o lessen conpurers have suffered no loss under :tLb
ed that he believed labor had the pressure of cut-throat competition * provipiop. .:
into consideration, to do something toward stabilizing prices at. TheIett l Solid Fuel Codoe's provision.o.
Nystrom, president, Limited a fair competitive level." he establihment gf lowest reasonable .
stores, Inc., N. Y., said in part: "The industry, with thA exception of'a few. 'dling 'cots to be included, in the retail p.i.. j
ais now being blamed both by members * thoroughly believes of fuel in areas -wher emergencies !Iqv
e price-fixing provisins and the principle of this provision of the Code" been declared was praised by two witness
ire opposed to thpm nd criticized by one.
t discovered how to increase Other Supporters of Production Control C-Claflin Young, chairman of the National
ig prices The diffi- Other defenders of production control were Retail Solid Fuel Code Authority, said'. rT-
ring provisions of this type L.E. Platt,reDresentative of the candle and metuval or modification of the provisions..
er successful operation, een beeswax industry's Code Authority; r "would serve to nullify the labor provision'
rthe 'Government. It is cer-Mjq
never be enfoerednthot ase- David T. Mason, executive officer of the lum- of the Code ", and Clarence Donnollyv chair-.4
never be enforced wi hout a ber Code Authdrity; and Dr. Wilson Comj- man of the New. York cost committee, al .
are the proponents of price ton, of the National, Lumber. Manufacturers' said the industry wants them continud.;edj'
,siV.Louis H. Moos, attorney represeAnting. th.I
rmitted to add to the budget .U A Br .ky.
.^ o Ascfin Brc roo^-^ ^-anly* ^
oment bde Code provisions against sales below cost Un.equipped DealersoAsscannotbeeno
.... s N. Y., said~tthe provisions cannot~be enfore.,
were supported .'by representatives of the nnlesszinlces are stabilized at Lhe sources of
ice Ting Elimination tile contracting vision of the construction prduction.Lackofeffectiveprice I
submitted a resolution by the industry, the wall paper, graphic arts, com- ration under the Bitunous Coal Cde
iety Stores Association, Inc., mercial'vehicle bod manufacturing, furni-.added, has disrupted jBice control mCt ed the National ReovyAd- nd fishing tackle industes.retail trade.
'detheinationa ri ovyAced- Walter Mitchell, Jr.,speaking for the fur7
eminate pricfixing provi- s C.'W. Henley, representing the Wbolestl
Codes, and found such provi- n re ode uthQrlty, expressedCoal Code Authority, declared if this Boar
:o,prove harmnul to consumers- tion, to price'fixing and * a defense Ahid.r this Br
wellpotehamltong-rangemnerests of what we call individuall cost 'protection. would abolish all prnic fixing we would i'grt
'ei trs the long-range interests .'The'raback' to an operative basis satisfactory to' all
d trade.'? "he f'urniture industry favors any Code. before the approval of the Code. Price fix
icholson, purchasing agent of provisios 'which will truly prevent wild g-- ing in any form must be enforceable, andi.t
waukee, Wis., representing the rations in price and will' cuse prices to Is the opinion of the membersofouridndus-"'
Conference of Mayors, who reflect truly the steady supply of the demand t tha opeisisotio ube fd
against control of prices, cited rather than the sudden panics'or the raids trythat proper legislation ust be enat
'gardless of differences in cost of-buyers or sellers 1 0 You whntyon- to enforce governmental price fixing. t ,.
, Identical bids were received line of defense, not where:it will be smashed Mr. Henley stated the belief that prik
dena lbdswer ived in the first kirmish, but we is the last control is binding only on those members'ofR.,
e said he did not believe NRA where At the industry who- are willing to cooperate,p
bsidize any industry at the line of defense before panic.
.. ... .n .nusryatth that It is destructive to those who ab6 id ,"N., -
taxpayer. It permits the Price to 'gravitate to the tha iisderu te to those wboa
onnor,.director of purchases, point at which the most efficient producer eroevasion profitable to those
e, told of confusion in bidding is willing to .sell." res4t to evasion.
acts, and added "Fixed prices Frank Katzin, Chicago automobile dealer, Retail Drygoods Witnesses Differ I.
r's paradise * I think opposed the trade-in restrictions in the Mo- '
* that absolutely uniform tor Vehicle Retailing Trade Code: He said William A. Hager, Lancaster, Pa, prdsf
e prevalent in lines of trade in part: dent of the Pennsylvania Retail Drygoods.,
be manufacturer * or "The consequences of trying to enforce a Associatign and former vice president of the
o nfrc a National Retail Drygoods'Association,'"sai"'1
ndnstry where particular con- price-fixing formula that tends to standardize Nathonal retail DrygoodsAssociation, r saidoe
ires ate selling points and used-car allowances on the basis of statisti- "The stop-loss provision in the retail de
on is either limited or highly cal information that is at least 90 days is not price fixing. The National Retail1
d controlled. But the award behind the' market' price can be readily Drygoods Association has always opp-osed idK
Goes to some smart thinker imagined. There has been no real enforce- price fixing.' s d
ed the rdst * Every meat, nor can there be." "Surely the Code should define some linItI-
irchnsing'agency is, or should The Dress Code's provision setting a maxi- of protection against the self-destruction o6f
n-price system, but the price mum limit on discounts has been an impor- retailers by cut-throat competition." ,
at, and subsequent to, the tant and effective means of Irving C. Fox, representing the Nationas.
ening. the industry, according to John M.Keating, Retail Dry Goods Association, said moat. o,
rom the standpoint of the counsel for the Dress Code Authority. the Code provisions for price 'filing and, un-"i'
ent, price fixing, particularly. AS conclusive proof tha the uniform dis- form cost-accounting systems are P i
Acocuiepofthat tfixingfdevices."
ing period, in Codes is eco- count provision in the dress industry fixing devices."o -R"lD
rund * And when I is absolutely sound, I need only state that The National Retail Dry Goods Assocsase
tion ", he said, "is unalterably opposed 't01'L.t6
g, I mean price control, under * only one violation of this was is- predator y or 'piratical' price ct;
guise, or label it may be covered in n year's operation '" Mr. ting, and is In favor of any provi -
ureating stated. tig, and is In favor of a provision t
nsumers Advisory Board pre- Seai stated. any Code that wi prevent this type6 o'
re reports on the results of "We suggest that full consideration be predatory price cutting; but we are, untalte
trol in general, and in several afforded to the advisability of encouraging ably opposed to any devices in Cod6s which
xster M. Keezer, former execu- elcrive pre filing. Price filingof make for price fixing." .
of that Board, summarizing that kind, together wth protection afforded Emergency prices, price filing, and .otheri
in his statement, said they by standardized discounts,' would go far Code price provisions were attacked 'by' ,l,
incorporation of price-fixing toward bringing order out of the chaos in Forrest Walker, economist of R. H. Macy&'i
in Codes, except in a very lim- these small-unit industries." Co., New York. "
f cases, and then under close Retail Drug Code Provisions Upheld "If we cannot control supply and demand',
!ion."' we cannot acitdeve economic control of pricek'
Outlined by Dr. Keezer Six witnesses upheld the Retail Drug Code * ", he said, adding: '...
s Outlined y r. eezer provision prohibiting sales below the manu- "Under many of these Codes we have at.':
", Dr. Keezer continued, the facturer's cost in dozen lots as an effective tempted to harness the economic tides by a'-'i'
nec-essarily varies from Code buvlwark against price cutting, wide variety of production controls. We :i
industry to industry, indicatep strikes at unfair competition and mo- bave' raised prices by these methods, but we"::..
have also choked the supply which we csn'
ons in Codes sanctioning the nopoly", said Wheeler Sammons, of te Na- not control. These devices are doomed' tq
nimum prices frequently have tional Retail Drug Code Authority, "and economic failure because they can operate!,:.
o establish prices so high as * it helps to protect the smnll man only to foster special privileges and destroy' i
Unfair to consumers, from monopoly." initiative and the opportunity to privati6.B
provisions designed to dissemi- Two representatives of the retail drug profit." '."
:n about prices have sometimes trade opposed the provision. Paul Stinson, Price Flexibility Urged ..:
to use as tools for arbitrary general counsel of the Katz Drug Co., Kansas Dr. Lou H Bean, Agricultural\ d*us.. i
01tv %In nnAr ?k re, Iftnreq Kneitel. of the Dr. oi .-"1 011 Bean, AgriculturaA AdU1i :."3
to maintain fixed minimum City, Mo., and Mrs. Frances Kneitel, of the meat Administration economist, said NRA.'
en led deeper into a quagmire National Independent Pharmacists, Inc su ot a ei indusrial-prlce poI- .'-
implicated administrative reg- New York City, expressed the opinion that icy and should aim at clearing away obsta- "*i
it empowers the manufacturer to fix prices, dles to Increased volume of Industrial pro- ^a|||
efforts of the National Recov- Mrs. Kneitel said the manufacturer would (Continued on page 7, column I) ,=

, . ..* -^ .^.;':" ., '.;: .."L/^ .'a 3 .'g..-&.'.^.i.^.: "" "" ":" "'



This is the third of a series of lists
of Code budgets approved during 1934.
1 .:Another list will appear in the January
Y28 issue of the Blue Eagle.

Budget, $16,300, for March 9, 1934, to March
.,--1935; assessment, $18.04 per million cubic
centimeterss of serum produced in 1933.
piidget, $89,192.90, for calendar year 1934;
&asessment, 40 cents per employee, based on
"e' -number of employees reported to the
e"dd Authority for a 4-week period ending
'Jimh 10, 1934, provided, however, that the
.de Authority may request a voluntary con-
F-ibuhtion of $20 from each member of the
ThdpUtry having fewer than 50 employees.
-Y.-Budget, $28,400, for May 5, 1934, to
ay 5, 1935; assessment, four-tenths of 1
cent of gross sales of previous calendar
iear, payable quarterly in equal installments.
I ston, Division 1).-Budget, $258,894.14, for
calendar year 1934; assessment, 1 cent per
B.ton.'6n all production during period of Jan-
ary 1, 1934, to December 31, 1934, assess-
ents to be made when indicated to be nec-
essary, .but in no event will collections ex-
edd total. amount of budget.
H -a-dle of West Virginia Subdivisional Coal
Code Authority, Division 1).-Budget, $25,-
520;. for May 1, 1934, to. April 30, 1935; as-
essment, assessments have been levied prior
tothe date of approval at the rate of 1 cent
:erton on current monthly tonnage. Assess-
ments to be levied subsequent to date of
approval of budget wili be on basis of one-
.ialf cent per ton upon current monthly ton-
-i.000, for May 1, 1934, to April 30, 1935;
assessment, each member shall contribute
quarterly In proportion based on best esti-
ates, this rate should be about twenty-eight of 1 percent of his dollar
.volume of sales; i. 'e., he shall bear the same
Boportion to the quarterly budget, viz,
$',500, as his sales in that quarter bear to
Il sales of all members.
f4$280,160, for December 16, 1933, to December
bi5,- 1934; assessment, sale of stamps by Code
"1"Anthority to manufacturer, such stamps to
40be placed on container of cigars and price of.
.'stamps to be graded in accordance with re-
:-i:tail value bf product, calculated by a method
.1.*similar to that employed by the Internal Rev-
p5,:4enue Department, the cost of said stamps to
,.'-be in accordance with the following:
? I Charge for
-,':.Letter Retail Price Classification Stamps

Cents per
U:''I V Cigars
:. AA 3 cigars for 10 cents or less-............
A Over 3 for 10 rents up to and Includ-
XE... Ilng 5 cents each ............... 7
.':: .B Over 5 cents each and up to and In- -
::. eluding s8centseach.....---------------...... 9
".C Over 8 cents each and up to and in-
c' eluding 15 icentseach.............1.. 5
i'. D Over 1.5 cents eaLh and up to and in-
S ." cluding 20 cents each............... 30
EI- Over20cenIs eath................... 40
V.S-...L Little cigars, regardless of price,
:: / weighing not more than 3 pounds
pS .; / a thousand......................... 2
r0$69,696, for May 29, 1934, to May 28, 1935;
assessmentme, one-half of 1 percent of billed
N*; sales for year 1933.
FENCE.-Budget, $11,960.75, for July 13,
I : 1934, to January 12, 1935; assessment, one-
,ffhalf of 1 percent of total invoiced sal6s value
,of complete wire and iron fence business done
lt by each member within the United States
i "during the second preceding calendar month.
:' ING.-Budget. $7.500, for May 15, 1934, to
.. October 15, 1934; assessment, one-thirtieth
': of 1 percent of sales for years 1932 and 1933,
'to cover the estimated expenses for 5-
/. month period. (Stated on an annual basis,
.:'-'- the above assessment approximate sixteen of 1 percent.)
'. Budget, $20,300, for March 18, 1934, to March
*18, 1935; assessment, one-fourth of $0.01 per
"b hour on all man-hours worked in the indus-
* ', try
DUSTRY.-Budget, $3,200, for June 16, 1934,
;- to June 15, 1935; assessment, 1 percent of
Annual sales, payable monthly In monthly
I."' nstallments.
SBudget, $12,500, for February 14, 1934, to
S December 31, 1935; assessment, one-fourth
of 1 percent sales, payable In quarterly
I'. nstallments.
ecutive Committee of the Processing and

^*^..,..- .

Wholesaling Division in the Northern Sec-
tion of the Southwest Area).-Budget,
$2,400, for July 28, 1934, to October 31, 1934;
assessment, each member shall pay as his
proportionate part of the total annually re-
quired sum, a sum of money equal to one-
tenth of 1 percent of his total annual sales
of products of industry as determined by his
sales for preceding business year. Payments
to be made in equal monthly installments.
ING INDUSTRY.-Budget. $121,000, for
August 10, 1934, to June 15, 1935; assess-
ment. sack suits sold for less than $90 must
bear label whose price is 5 cents. Sack suits
sold for $90 or more each must bear label
whose price is 7 cents. Five dollar label
deposit fee required of all members.
METAL WINDOW.-Budget, $37,475, for
February 1, 1934, to January 31, 1935 ($5,475
for Pacific coast territory and $32,000 for
rest of country) ; assessment, maximum of
one-half of 1 percent (one-twelfth monthly)
of average yearly net sales (including both
material nnd erection), for preceding 3 years,
except that for plants in Pacific coast terri-
tory (Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada, Ore-
gon, Utah, and Washington) the basis of con-
tribution to be a maximum of three-fourths of
1 percent (one-twelfth monthly) for average
yearly net sales for the preceding 3 years,
of industry materials produced in plants lo-
cated in Pacific coast territory or sold and/or
erected in that area.
MOTION PICTURE.-Budget, $320,000
for calendar year 1934; assessment, $12 to
$96 per year depending upon population of
NARROW FABRICS.-Budget, $57,431,
for April 1, 1934, to March 31, 1935; as-
sessment, one-fifth of 1 percent of net dollar
sales volume, payable. monthly; this shall
be on the net dollar sales of the previous
TRADE.-Budget, $25,643, for calendaryear
1934; assessment, $1 per employee for Na-
tional Code Authority plus additional amount
for local Code Authority, but not to exceed
total of $3 per employee.
Budget, $7,200, for November 13, 1933, to
November 13, 1934; assessment, 40 cents per
workable loom quarter per annum, for all
workable machines.
AND TURNING.-Budget, $10,770, for Feb-
ruary 15, 1934, to February 15, 1935; as-
sessment, 1 percent of invoiced value of total
monthly shipment for preceding month, and
when invoiced value of shipments for pre-
ceding month is less than $100, a minimum
assessment of $1 per month, payable on or
before the 10th day of each succeeding month
shall be levied.
$9,850, for calendar year 1934; assessment,
$0.001 per dollar of 1933 gross sales.
MANUFACTURING.-Budget, $73,150.88,
for November 15, 1933, to November 15, 1934;
assessment as follows:

Net Domestic Sales, 1933 Contr1b-

Up to $25. 000......---------------------- $25.00
$25.00Oto 50.0000.......................... 26.00o
50.0 000 to.000-------------------------....................... 37.60
100,00010to 17.000-------------------------.......................... -50 00
17b.00010 o 250. 000----......-...........- .... 76 00
250, 000 to 500,000........................... 12b.00
5 ,00,G0 to 750,000 .......................... 175 00
7M 0,00010 to1,000.000.-.......................... 250.00
1,000.o(00 to 1.0.000-.-..-..--..-.....-......--........ 32-5 300
1, 500,000t10o2.000.000............................ 400 00
2. .000 0 to 2,.500,000........................... 500.00
2, W6,000to13. 000. 00 ..------------------------- 625 0.00
3, (00 0 CO)to 4.000, O-........................... 750 00
4,000,)Oto b.000,000.----------------------............--- 6875 00
Over 6 ,000,000 -.......................... 1,000 00
DECORATING.-Budget, $630,000 for year
ending April 1, 1935; assessment, one-half
of 1 percent of annual business.
AND TRADE.-Budget, $5,375, for June 19,
1934, to June 16, 1935; assessment, one-half
of 1 percent of the total business volume dur-
ing 1933.
PEANUT BUTTER.-Budget, $27,000, for
April 13, 1934, to March 12, 1935; assessment,
three-twentieths of 1 percent of total dollar
sales derived from sales of peanut butter.
PHOTO-ENGRAVING (11th District Code
Administrative Agency).-Budget, $11,380,
for calendar year 1934; assessment, one-fifth
of 1 percent per annum of gross scale value
of products sold by each establishment, pay-
able monthly, calculated upon the annual
gross scale value of products sold during
fiscal year 1933.
ministrative Agency).-Budget, $3,570, for
calendar year 1934: assessment, seven-tenths
of 1 percent of 1933 sales.
FRAME.-Budget, $21,200, for February 1,
1934, to February 1, 1935; assessment, one-
fourth of 1 percent of net sales to be paid
monthly on basis of preceding month, mini-
mum monthly basis of payment is $1.

TURE ASSEMBLING.-Budget, $21,072, for
February 12, 1934, to February 11, 1935; as-
sessment, one-haltf of 1 percent of net sales,
payable monthly on the basis of sales of
the preceding calendar month.
MANUFACTURING.-Budget, $6,000. for
July 1, 1934, to June 5, 1935; assessment,
three-tenths of 1 percent of net sales from
July 1, 1934.
MIANUFACTURING.-Budget, $2,500, for
May 1, 1934, to April 30, 1935; assessment,
one-half of 1 percent of total business volume
during 1933.
Budget, $32,650, for February 1, 1934, to
December 30, 1934; assessment: National ad-
ministrative committee, 3 cents per ton;
Regional committee, southeastern area, 11
cents per ton; Regional committee, Virginia
area, 8 cents per ton; Regional committee,
southwestern area, 22 cents per ton.
PRINTING.-Budget, $67,830. for July 1,
1934, to December 31, 1934; assessment, one-
eighth of 1 percent of gross volume of busi-
ness (sales of service) for year 1933, to be
paid in 6 equal monthly installments (rate
is equal to one-fourth of 1 percent based on
a full year) ; for concerns processing ex-
clusively a product of their own looms, as-
sessment is based on one-fourth of 1 per-.
cent of their pay rolls devoted to dyeing,
finishing, and otherwise processing its own
' products, for year 1933, to be paid in 6 equal
monthly installments (rate is equal to one-
half of 1 percent based on a full year).
$23,000 for March 1, 1934, to May 30, 1934;
assessment, 1 cents per cubic yard monthly
based on monthly average of 1933 produc-
tion. The same basis of assessment and a
proportionate budget has been approved to
expire March 1, 1935.
ING.-Budget, $137,309.97, for June 13,1934,
to June 13, 1935; assessment, 1 percent of all
contracts in the amount of $100 or more as
a registration fee.
and assessment as follows:

Local Retail Jewelry Code per member
Authority for- Budget of personnel
(employer and

Chicago, ----------------................ S 5.00 2 00
New York Metropolitan Area 12,100.00 1.00
Minneapolis, Minn.--........ 300 00 1.00
Vermont.---.------------------................ 10.00 1.00
San Francisco, Call . 2,000 1.00
Milwaukee, WiL....---------------......... 400.00 1 00
Evansville, Ind....-------------...... 107. 50 1.60
Buffalo, N. Y..--------------.. 70000 2.00
Boston, Mass..........---------- 500. 00 1.00
Appleton, Wi---......... 11.00 .50
Decatur, ll ...---..-......- ... 37.b0 .75
Nashvife, Tenn.------------ 170.00 200
San Antonio. TeL.....-.... 15 00 1.0q
Richmond, Va----------------............ 115.00 1.
District of Columbia-...-- 300.00 1.00
Scranton. Pa.----------------.. --...... 250.00 200
Portland, Oreg..---..------. 300.00 1 00
St. Paul, Minn......----------------........ 160.00 1.00
Oloversville, N. Y......--..- 665.00 1.00
Cincinnati, Ohio ............... 300.00 1.00
Prolvidence, R. I.. ... 1000 oL00
King and KiJtsap Counties,
Wash-...........---------------------. 650.00 200
Kansas Clty, Mo------------- -42000 40. 1.00
RETAIL LUMBER.-Budget, $1,801,036.62,
for October 13, 1933, to September 30, 1934;
assessment, one-half of 1 percent of sales.
742.50, for April 19, 1934, to October 9, 1934;
assessment, varies, from six-tenths to three-
fourths of 1 percent of gross sales.
MENT.-Budget, $36,000, for June 19, 1934,
to June 17, 1935; assessment, six one-hun-
dredths of 1 percent or 6 cents on each $100
of business done by members of the industry
after June 19, 1934.
Budget, $4,440, for calendar year 1934; as-
sessment, three-tenths of 1 percent of volume
of sales for 1933.
Budget, $4,200, for calendar year 1934; as-
sessment, five-tenths of 1 percent each month
of the gross invoiced value of industry prod-
ucts, including erection thereof, shipped dur-
ing the preceding month.
SANDSTONE.-Budget, $18,730, for April
16, 1934, to June 16, 1935; assessment, 2
cents per cubic foot on all cubable products
of rough, scabbled, or sawn block which are
shipped or fabricated by quarriers; 2 cents
additional per cubic foot on all shipments of
cut or fabricated stone; on all noncubable
products (such as breakwater, riprap, etc.),
one-half of 1 percent of all the net sale prices
at the mill on all shipments, each payable
monthly on 10th of month succeeding.
TISSUE.-Budget, $30,000, for calendar year
of 1934; assessment, tonnage volume preced-
ing year (no breakdown).
FACTURING.-Budget, $27,090, for July 1,
1934, to December 31, 1934; assessment, 75
cents per machine in operation dr belted up
and available for the manufacture of prod-

" c. W &asri^A^- '." .,. :.." .... .. t .. '.... ..." . ."

nets of the industry, monthly. In no cas'.
shall any individual plant be assessed for'
more than 200 machines. In cases where'h
companies have two or more divisions 16;-
cated in different cities, each division shbali.
be regarded for assessment purposes aa a
separate company. :
Budget, $18,000, for June 5, 1935, to June 4i
1935; assessment, 1 percent of gross sales.
SHOWER DOOR.-Budget, $3,000, fr.'
July 1, 1934, to June 16, 1935; assessment,.
one-half of 1 percent of the volume of sales.
of each member of the industry, assessed and,
payable quarterly.
INDUSTRY.-Budget, $16,332, for July 1,1
1934, to'December 31, 1934; assessment, $1.50D';
per $1,000 of total net sales for year 1933, '
TURING.-Budget, $58,250, for December 2,
1933, to December 20, 1934 ;-assessment, four-:
tenths of a mill per net dollar of sales in,
1933 of all products covered by the Code.
SPICE GRINDING.-Budget, $27,500, forl
August 1, 1934, to July 31, 1935; assessment,:
based on estimated tonnage of the finished,
output of ground and/ or processed spices, 4.i
cents per 100 pounds, payable monthly on or'a
before the 20th of the following month, and-:
based upon the preceding month's tonnage.a
SPROCKET CHAIN.-Budget, $5,142.861
for August 1, 1934, to December 31, -1935;!
assessment, one-seventh of 1 percent of the'
total sales of 19,3 payable monthly.
Budget, $6,817.93, for March 31, 1934, to:
January 1, 1935; assessment, one-twentieth.
of 1 percent on a dollar value basis based on:
sales of members of the industry for the',
year 1933. the minimum $15.
TILE CONTRACTING.-Budget, $78,-;
801.42, for year ending June 29, 1935; as- .
sessment, 1 percent on all contracts over
$100 up to $10,000, 1 percent on the first
$10,000 of all contracts over $10,000, and one-'
half of 1 percent on remaining amount."
TRY.-Budget, $25,665, for April 1, 1934, to
March 30. 1935; assessment, one-half of 1
percent on the first day of each quarter of..
the said year of the net volume of shipments.
of members assessed for the preceding quar-
ter calendar year, minimum $12 per year.
for June 1, 1934, to May 31, 1935; assess-:
ment, one-half of 1 percent of the net dollar 4
volume of sales of furnace pipe and elbows,1
which shall be payable by all members of:':
the industry monthly and which monthly
- payments shall be based upon the sales dar-.-,
ing the second preceding month.
WHOLESALE COAL.-Budget, $113,340,:i
for year ending March 12, 1935; assessment, !
$1 per month, plus one-fourth cent a ton for
each ton each member of industry, sold'-
over 40,000 a month, based on tonnage of;
previous month.
Budget, $645,864, for calendar year 1934; as-
sessment, $1 for each employee.
WIPING CLOTH.-Budget, $26,260, for
April 1, 1934, to March 31, 1935; assessment,.
payable in semiannual installments in ad-
vance in amount of one-third of 1 percent
of gross volume of business of each member]
of the industry, first semiannual payment'
based on annual volume of business for 1933.:
and subsequent payments based on volumes:
of business for the preceding 6-months' pe-,
rind of calendar year in which assessment is
TRADE.-Budget. $11,500, for August 1
1934, to July 31. 1935; assessment, each dl-
visional Code Authority will be required to
pay to the general Code Authority 1 percent
of its approved budget, provided that in no
instance shall the assessment against any.di-
visional Code Authority be less than $100 nor
more than $1,000.
FACTURING.-Budget, $6,805, for July 10l
1934, to July 10, 1935; assessment, $2.42 pe
WOOD HEEL.-Budget, $18,471.60, for
February 12, 1934, to February 11, 1935; as
sessmeat, one-fourth of 1 percent of gross
sales of blocks for second previous montl
and one-sixth of 1 percent of gross sales O
finished heels for second previous month.
TRIBUTING TRADE.-Budget, $17,500, fo
August 2, 1V4, to January 31, 1935; assest
meant. one-hfflf of 0.0017 of 1933 sales, $7
minimum and $750 maximum.
YEAST.-Budget, $20,000, for July
1931, to June 30, 1935; assessment, Standard
Brands, $9,700; Red Star Yeast and Produt
Co., $1,800; Anheuser-Busch, Inc., $2,200.
Northwestern Yeast Co., $2,000; Nation.
Grain Yeast Corporation. $1,200; Fedelr
Yeast Corporation, $900; Varnum Yeast CC
$200; A. P. Callahan & Co., $400; A. M. RidM
ter Sons Co., $200; Cereal Products Refn.
Corporation, $700; Consumers Compress.5
Yeast Co., $700...


...--. ...:...'1 .

D-7INR A *7 7 --..7.


i Official Orders of NRA Relating
to Particular Codes
THE Blue Eagle prints in each issue summaries of administrative
orders, interpretations, appointments, and bylaws approved by the
National Industrial Recovery Board.
Official orders are of two types, final and provisional. Where an order
is provisional, the time within which objections may be filed is indicated
All protests against provisional orders should be addressed to National
Recovery Administration, Washington, D. C., attention Deputy Admin-
istrator for Code concerned; and such protests should be received before
final date indicated.
(For Code approvals, amendments, interpretations, budgets and
assessments, bylaws, Code Authority members, and trade complaints and
other committees, see elsewhere.)

| TRY, Code No. 65: Order 22, confirming tele-
.graphic order dated December 11, 1934, grant-
S'.taIng exemption to Thomas D. Murphy Co.,
SRed Oak, Iowa, from the provisions of article
III, section 1, of the Code, on condition that
the employees affected shall not be permitted
I-to work in excess of 56 hours per week dur-
nlag the exemption period and shall receive
not less than one and one-half times the
Regular rate of pay for all hours in excess
.of 40 hours per week, or 8 hours per day.
.This exemption terminates on December 21,

BAKING INDUSTRY, Code No. 445: Or-
',: der 26, denying application of the Chesapeake
SBaking Co., Baltimore, Md., for exemption
= from the provisions of article V, section 4,
of the Code.
.TRY, Code No. 463: Order 23, approving
rules and regulations covering the salq of
distressed merchandise pursuant to rule 4 of
article VIII, of the Code.
:8-333: Order 15, staying the operation of the
i.:provisions of article VII B, sections 1(b), 2,
3, 3(a), 3(b), 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10, of the
Code, pending issuance of further order.
= No. 275-B: Order 19, extending the provisions
. :of section 9, article IV, of the Code, as
- amended, for a period of 30 days from
.. December 30, 1934.
.Code No. 18: Order 18, granting applications
Sof the Clay & Bailey Manufacturing Co.,
.Kansas City, Mo.; the Morgan Foundry Co.,
Kansas City, Mo.; the A. Weiskittel & Son
Co., Baltimore, Md.; and the National Foun-
.dry Co., of New York City, for a stay of the
operation of the provisions of sections 4(a)
,and 6 of the Code. This stay is granted for
"a period qf 45 days from the date of the
:.:order, pending a public hearing to determine
whether these sections should be amended,
Provided, however, that employees subject to
the provisions of section 4(a) shall not be
.: permitted to work in excess of 36 hours per
..week. Order is dated January 3, 1935.
`-No. 101: Order 26, denying application of
If onas Schachter, proprietor of Eagle Clean-
..ra and Dyers, 70 Ceylon Street, Boston,
'Mass., for exemption from the provisions of
.article III, section l(d), of the Code.
IDUSTRY, Code No. 4S6: Order 11, granting
i- exemption to the Bender Body Co., Cleveland,
O'.Ohio, from the provisions of article III, sec-
i:': on 1, of the Code, to the extent that its
"--,employees may be worked 48 hours a week
iWfor the 4 weeks ending December 1, Decem-
lber 8 December 15, and December 22. 1934,
provided no employee shall work more than
?8 hours in any 24-hour period, and that each
..employee shall be compensated at the rate
of one and one-half times his normal rate
s.of pay for all hours worked in excess of
!::40 hours in any 1 week.
i.244: Order 50, establishing uniform methods
i of reporting on budgets and bases of con-
action supplementing administrative orders
:.of approval.
I DJUSTRY, Code No. 4: Order 63. granting
-elemption to the Brown Co., 404 Commercial
streett Portland, Maine, from the wage and
.;aour provisions of the Chemical Manufactur-
4lag Industry Code, the Electrical Manufac-
t tiring Industry Code, and the Fibre Can and
ube Industry Code, in the operation of its
Plans at Berlin and Gorham, N. H., and
I.Peting permission to operate said plants
'under the wage and hour provisions of the
,Code for the paper nnd pulp industry.
Order 66, denying application of the Triad
manufacturing Co., Inc., Pawtucket, B. I., for
iXemption from the provisions of article
.11(b), of the Code, and for permission to
APerate its plant under a minimum wage
rate of 28 cents per hour.
fOrder 67. granting exemption to the John
I;Z" Sth Sons Co., Buffalo, N. Y., from the
...age and hour provisions of the Code, pro-
.ified that in respect of all such obligations

this company shall comply with the provi-
sions of the Code for the canning and pack-
ing machinery industry. The order requires
that this company shall report to the Elec-
trical Maarufac-uring Industry Code Author-
ity any material increase in the number of
man-hours used in the processing of products
of the electrical manufacturing industry.
Order 9, denying application of the Shaffer
Expanding Envelope Co., New York City, for
exemption from the provisions of article IV,
section 1, of the Code.
TRY, Code No. 84: Order 101, denying ap-
plication of Hess Iron Works, Philadelphia,
a., for exemption from the labor provisions
of the Code.
No. 90: Order 16, denying application of the
Central Metallic Casket Co., Chicago, Ill.,
for exemption from the provisions of article
III, section 1, of the Code.
POLISH INDUSTRY, Code No. 224: Order
14, terminating exemption conferred in para-
graph III of Administrative Order X-36. This
termination does not apply to any member of
the industry whose net sales in the calendar
year 1933 of products covered by tht Code
are less than $5,000, and which net sales are
less than 10 percent of such member's total
net sales in the same year of all his products
and/or services.
DUSTRY, Code No. 145: Order 39, confirm-
ing telegraphic order dated December 13,
1934, granting exemption to the Southern
Furniture Co., Conover, N. C., from the pro-
visions of article III, section 1, of the Code.
94: Order 22, granting permission to the
Charles E. Sorin Co., 426 West Fourth
Street, Cincinnati, Ohio, to work its em-
plo.vees S additional hours overtime per week
from December 14 to December 22, 1934, in-
clusive, provided all such overtime shall be
paid for at the rate of one and one-half
times the normal wage, and that no employee
shall work more than 8 hours in any 1 day.
TRY, Code No. 248: Order 10, terminating
exemption conferred in par. III of Adminis-
trative Order X-36. This termination does
not apply to any member of the industry
whose net sales in the calendar year 1933 of
the products covered by the Code were less
than $12,000, and which net sales were less
than 5 percent of such member's total net
sales in the same year of all his products
and/or services.
2S7: Order 422, approving the designation
of the Labor Complaints Board of Zone 16
of the commercial relief printing industry, to
handle such labor complaints in the trade
typesetting industry as originate in said zone,
and authorizing said zone labor complaints
board to handle such labor complaints for
the trade typesetting industry, provided that
the zone labor complaints board, in the han-
dling of such complaints, shall conform to
a plan of procedure and any modifications
of or amendments thereto approved by the
National Industrial Recovery Board.
DUSTRIES, Codes Nos. 277, 165, 423, 4, and
84: Order 35, granting exemption from the
labor provisions of these Codes, to the Wilcox,
Qrittenden & Co., Inc., Middletown, Conn.,
provided that in respect of all such obliga-
tions this company shall comply with and
make report under the provisions of the Code
for the fabricated metal products manufac-
turing and metal finishing and metal coating
Industry. The order also provides that the
Wilcox, Crittenden & Co., Inc., shall report
to the Code Authorities for the above-men-
tioned industries, any material increase in
productive operations of these industries.

Order 13, terminating exemption conferred in
par. III of Administrative Order X-36. This
termination does not apply to any member
of the industry whose net sales In the calen-
dar year 1933 of products covered by the
Code were less than $10,000, and which net
sales were less than 25 percent of such mem-
ber's total net sales in the same year of all
his products and/o, services.
No. 244-P: Order 10, denying application of
Edward R. Sabin Co., 4710 Market Street,
Philadelphia, Pa., for exemption from the
provisions of article II, section l(a).
Order 17, granting exemption to the Philip-
pine Refining Corporation of New York, 50
Broad Street, New York City, from the pro-
visions of article III, section l(e), of the
Code, to the extent that It may work certain
cocoanut oil handlers, not to exceed 9 in
number, in connection with %the discharging
of cocoanut oil cargoes from deep tanks in
steamships; provided, (1) that time and one-
half is paid for all time worked in excess of
the additional hours already permitted by
article III, section 1, subsection (e), of the
Code; (2) that such additional overtime per-
mitted to such workers be Limited to a maxi-
mum of 12 hours in any I week per worker;
(3) that the total number of hours (both
regular and overtime) worked by any of the
workers affected by this order shall not ex-
ceed 192 hours In any consecutive 4-week
period; (4) that no employee under 18 years
.of age be engaged in this class of work, and
that copies of this order be given to each
employee affected by it.
Order 32, granting exemption to the Associa-
tion of Investment Certificate and Contract
Issuers, 120 South La Salle Street, Chicago,
Ill., from the provisions of amendment No.
2 to the Code. The order provides that the
Investment Bankers Code Committee shall
make a report and recommendations to the
National Industrial Recovery Board, on the
- questions involved in this exemption, within
60 days from the date of the order, which
is January 2, 1935.
Code No. 164: Order 31, denying applications
of Coberton Knitwear. Inc., 12 West Thirty-
second Street, New York City, from the pro-
visions of article III, section (,d), of the
INDUSTRIES, Code No. 9: Order 298,
granting exemption to the Wayne Lumber
.and Manufacturing Corporation, Waynes-
boro, Vs., from the provisions of article VI,
section (b) of the Code, to the extent neces-
sary to permit such of its employees as may
be required to manufacture special wood-
work exclusively for emergency ship repairs,
to work in excess of 40 hours per week, pro-
vided that each such employee shall be paid
not less than one and one-half times his nor-
mal rate of pay for all hours worked in
excess of 40 hours in any 1 week, and in
excess of 8 hours in any 1 day. The order
also provides that this corporation shall post
or display the terms.and provisions of this
order, or otherwise bring such terms and
provisions to the attention of any and all
interested employees.
No. 15: Order 45, modifying order No. 15-32,
dated August 2, 1934, to the extent that S.
MIlakransky & Sons, Inc., Philadelphia, Pa.,
shall sell merchandise on consignment to
only 133 firms on file with the National In-
dustrial Recovery Board, from the date of
this order up to and including June 15,1935,
at which time it may submit application and
proof of necessity for continuance of the
exemption required for any individual cus-
tomers now on file with the administration,
whose accounts could not be liquidated by
June 15, 1935, without undue hardship and
financial loss.
TRADE, Code No. 232: Order 15, denying
application of Commercial Warehouse Co.,
Oklahoma City, Okla., for exemption from
the provisions of section 1, article III, of the
LOWS INDUSTRY, Code No. 7&: Order 24,
extending the exemption granted to Barcalo
Manufacturing Co., Buffalo, N. Y., from the
provisions of articles III, IV, and V, of the
Code, from December 30, 1935, up to and
Including June 15, 1935, provided that it
shall comply with all the labor provisions of
the Code for the bedding industry, as to that
part of its business which would ordinarily
be covered by articles III, IV, and V, of this
Code, and also provided that it shall not be
permitted to employ apprentices, as provided
in article IV, section 2, of the Bedding Code.
71: Order 59, approving amendment of
schedules of processing costs, packaging
costs, and handling and processing losses.

No. 120: Order 37, granting exemption to t.4?
Cushman-Rankin Co., of Bath, N. H., froi%
the provisions of article IV, section 1, subt-i
sections (b), (c), (d), and (f), of the Codt
for a period of 6 months'commencing froi
the date of this order, subject to the e6ndlt
tion that no employee be permitted to word
more than 48 hours per week or 10 hours
per day, and provided that all time workeidt
in excess of 8 hours per day or 40 hours P8&.is
week shall be paid for at not less than'one.t
and one-third times the normal rates of pa
The order also provides that this order sha]141
be posted in a conspicuous place accessible!
to all employees, and that it be modified, ex-:..
tended, or terminated at any time if cir
cumstances or conditions may, in the judge; .
ment of the National Industrial Becoverfri
Board, require. Order Is dated December'
27, 1934. .
AND TRADE, Code No. 72-B: Order i1
approving the schedule of allow-
ances submitted by the paper box machinery
industry and trade, for a period not exceed-
ing 60 days after December 1, 1934.
Code No. 361: Order 15, granting a tempo6:
rary exemption tofthe Allied Products, Ine.;,'i
114 Fifth Avenue, New York City, from.the..,q
provisions of article III, section 4, of tiiete
Code. This exemption is granted only to the,!
extent that it is permitted to work its shipnlt
ping department employees on the day shift
only, 10 hours per day on December 6, 7, an6.2
8, 1934, provided that these employees shall:
be paid one and ode-third times the regular|
rate for all hours worked in excess of 8 hours
per day. The order also provides that:.'ab
copy of this order be posted in a place readlly J
accessible to all employees affected thereby;
DUSTRY, Code No. 130: Order 18, granting.",
exemption from the provisions of article III.
.section 1, of the Code, to the following con-.'I
cerns: F. X. Zirnkilton, 214 South Twelfth:'I
Street, Philadelphia, Pa., A. Saner & Co;, %j
Glenn Building, Cincinnati, Ohio, Larter.&rI
Sons, 88 Parkhurst Street, Newark, N. J., and'.
Lebalt & Co., Chicago, 111I., to the extent-v
that they are permitted to work certainii
of their skilled employees in various de-''i
partmnents of their businesses not to exceed'."'
54 hours per week, on condition that not less:|
than time and one-third the regular rate is. e
paid each employee for all hours worked-i
over 40 per week. The total skilled em-.
ployees affected by this order is not to ex-'
ceed 40 percent of each concern's totalN.
employees. This exemption is granted totrl
the period from December 15, 1934, to.t
December 31, 1934. .
PRINTING INDUSTRY, Code No. 172: Or-il
der 11, granting exemption to the Perennial'
Dye & Print Works, Inc., West Warwickl,,;;.
R. I., fromh-the provisions of article III, sec-i
tion 4, of'the Code, to the extent that .It1?I
may work its employees up to 10 hours per.
day, but not in excess of 40 hours per week,"
for the period beginning December 24, 1934,":,
aznd ending January 4, 1935. The order pro-;.
vides that the Perennial Dye & Print Works'
Inc., shall post the order in a conspicuous.?.
place in accordance with Executive Orderi.',1,
No. 6590-B and Administrative Order X-82.-:%':
PRINTING INDUSTRY, Code No. 172: '.;
Order 12, certifying the installation of two' ."
tin weighting units in the plant of the Clai-"' -'
mount Piece Dye Works, Inc., Paterson, N. J.
DUSTRY, Code No. 182: Order 55, denying:!;
application of Roseland Food Mart, 11141.,
South Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Ill., for"'.i
exemption from the provisions of article V,
sections 2 and 3, and article VI, sections 1,..i
3, 5, and 7, of the Code. '
OF HAWAII, Code No. 525: Order 5, sup-..
plementing Administrative Order X-72 as-.
follows: (1) The entire area of the island:."!
of Oahu in the Territory of Hawaii shall..
be deemed to be within the immediate tradenj
area of the city of Honolulu. (2) The entire-'S
area of the island of Hawaii, in the Terri'-
tory of Hawaii, shall be deemed to be
the ,immediate trade area of the city oft.-
Hilo. (3) The entire area of the lslands-b o,
Maui, Molokai, and Lanai, respectively, iiC
the Territory of Hawaii, shall be deemeind:'
to be within the immediate trade area of,
the village of Wailuku. (4) The entire area..
of the island of Kauai, in the Territory 6fdt'
Hawaii, shall be deemed to be within the^?
immediate trade area of the town of Lihue1."":
Order 6, delegating additional powers to
the deputy administrator for the Territory"'.
of Hawaii. i .
RETAIL TRADE, Code No. 60: Order 298,R 4;
denying application of the Stanley Dry Goodsi
Co., Cleveland, Ohio, for exemption from the"'$
provisions of article V, section 3(a) of theE)
Order 299, granting exemption to the:.-
Daniels & Fisher Stores Co., Denver,. Colb.,
from the provisions of article V, section 1, of.4Ii
the Code, to the extent that none of its 12'.
special bookkeeping-machine operators shalu::
(Continued on page 6, column 1)

5'-' it


'..' (Continued from page 5)
bi: required to work more than 8 h6urs per
| 'tek, or more than 2 hours per day, In
,eess of their present working horn's, and
4'1such overtime shall be paid for at not
es .than one and one-third times the present
liurly rate. Order becomes effective De-
-ember .1, 1934, and shall remain in opera-
B. uptil January 5, 1935.
-8: Order 93, granting limited overtime to
2e Frank G. bShattuck Co., 58 West Twenty-
rd. Street, New York City, pursuant to
'aflcle V, section 5 (d), of the Code, for the
|tpiod from December 11 to December 24,
94. The order provides that the normal
maximum hours of any employee shall not
extendedd by more than 10 percent; that
'Ii such additional hours shall be paid for
n"ilot less than one and one-third times the
pjrmal rate for all hours worked in any one
.1ek in excess of the. employees' normal
m.anium; that this approval shall not be
!'construed as affecting the operations of this
-.c'oncern which are covered by approved
Codes other than that for this industry; that
cacopy of this order be posted in a conspicu-
S.,ia.s place easily accessible to all employees
'inevery establishment, and that the limited
:yprtime allowance shall not be construed so
i to violate article V, section 1, which states
-Ipart that no employee shall, be permitted
work more than 6 days in any one week.
-1't'Lrder 94, denying applications of Nunnally
.Oo;, Qf Miami, Fla., for exemption from the
visions of article VI, section 1 (a), of the
-der 97, granting limited overtime to
4nk 0. Shattuck Co., 58 West Twenty-
SrdStreet. New York City, pursuant to
r.icle V, section 5 (d), of the Code, for the
id from November 22 to Novembei 24,
.. and from November 28 to December 1,
94, inclusive. The provisions of this order
are the same as those contained in order 93
eqsoted above.
t!Order 98, granting limited overtime to
Huylepr's, 110 East Thirteenth Street, New
io rk ,ity,. pursuant to article. V, section 5
Ui4), of the Code, for the period of Debember
'td 31, 1934. The provisions of this order
l the same as those contained In orders 93
ad 97, above referred to. '
-.ode'0No4 182: Order 52, granting exemption
Et. the West Side. Grocery and the Wolfer
.bill. Food Co., Fort Collins, Colo., from
r te provisions of article V, section 6, of the
.&dej insofar as these' provisions apply to
Jorrest Harvey, an employee of the West
.doe Grocery, and George Weinle and Frank
einse, employees pf the Woilfer Cahill Food
iCq.oand only while jthee employees are stu-
d.pts of the State Agricultural College lo-
oated at Fort Collins, Colo. The order pro-
.ides that this exemption shall be limited
1t6 the duration of the current college year
a f's ad college.
f:Order 53, denying application of Roy L.
I.unham, Wellsboro, Pa., for exemption from
..ieW provisions of article, V, section 2,. of the
Mio.33: Order 48, approving bases, for com-
9 uting minimum costs of retail lumber, lum-
ber products, building materials, and build-
ting specialties I
IOF, HAWAII, Code No. 525: Order 4, fixing
s allowance for wages of store labor to be
tcluded in the selling price of all articles
oyered by the Code.
i INDUSTRY, Code No. 434: Order 14, grant-
ijng exemption to the Great Lakes Dredge
.and Dock Co., New York City, from the pro-
,visions of article Ill, section 1. of the Code,
-to' the extent that it is permitted to work its
,employees 48 hours per week on its contract
rS' P. 21/36 with the Corps of Engineers,
i'.U. S.. A., fo" dredging in the Cape Cod
.O.ahal, Mass., provided that this exemption
t shall terminate upon the completion of this
.'. contract, that all other provisions of the
'. Code shall be compiled withy that this order
halll not supersede any provisions of the
c. Contract, that a copy of this order shall be
-posted by the Great Lakes Dredge & Dock
:Co., in a place readily accessible to all em-
'ployees affected thereby, and that it shall be
6i"revocable in the discretion of the National
Industrial Recovery Board.
1*)USTRY, Code No. 211: Order 21, denying
VIapplication of the Associated Apparel MIanu-
lacturers, 117 West Ninth Street, Los An-
'geles, Calif., for exemption from the provl-
ons of article IV, section 4, of the Code.
Fty ..
eDUSTRY, Code No. 211: Order 23, terminat-
,in exemption conferred in par. III of Admin-
:tiative Order X-36, so that members shall
required to contribute their proportionate
are of Code administration expenses not-
ithstanding their principal line of business
.n some other industry.
ITUIRING INDUSTRY, Code No. 321: Order
'1r6, granting a stay of the operation of the
provisions of article Iii, section 1. of the
p. Code, for a period of 60 days from December
.': 22, 1934. The order provides that no em-
1.':ployee shall be permitted to work in excess

of 40 hours per week, or in excess of 8 hours
in any 24-hour period, except as otherwise
provided In the Code, or for the purpose of
changing shifts, and in such cases no em-
ployee shall be permitted to work in excess
of 16 hours in any 24-hour period, provided
that such change of shifts shall not occur
more frequently than once in any 14-day
period, and that the rate of pay on any such
change day is exempt from the overtime
provisions for hours worked In excess of the
daily maximum.
DUSTRY, Code No. 174: Order 17, denying
application of McCreary Tire & Rubber Co.,
Indiana, Pa., for exemption from the pro-
visions of article IV-a, sections 1 and 2, of
the Code.
TRY, Code No. 156: Order 5.7, granting ex-
emption to the B. F. Goodrich Co., Akron,
Ohio, from the-provisions of chapter I, article
V, section 1 of the Code, to the extent that
it may employ three persons unlimited hours,
provided that such employees shall be paid
one and one-third times their regular rates
of pay for all hours in excess of 8 hours in
1 day, or 40 hours in 1 week. The order
also provides that a copy shall be posted in
a place readily accessible to all employees
affected thereby, and that it shall be effective
only with respect to work 'being done by
this company under a contract with the
United Air Lines for the installation o5 de-
Icing equipment on 30 transport airships.
TRY, Code No, 489: Order 13, granting ex-
emption to the Christy Co., Fremont, Ohio,
,from the provisions of article VIII, section
10(a), of the Code, to the extent that it Is
permitted to dispose of 1,000 "Enders"
blades, 1,000 "Christy" blades, and 10,000
"O.V.B." blades without complying to said
provisions of the Code, The order becomes
effective on December '31, 1934.
INDUSTRY, Code No. 371: Order 11, ap-
proving list of occupations deemed hazard-
os I n.nature or detrimental to the health
of all persons under 18 years of age.
TRY, Code No. 342: Order 17, granting a
stay of the operation of the provisions of
article III, section 2, of the Code for the
period from December 7, 1934, to January 1,
1935, insofar that calender men, mill men,
feeders, helpers, and similar emplloyees en-
gaged' in calender operations, shall be al-
Idwed to work'S additional hours overtime
per week, provided all such overtime shall be
paid for at the rate of one and one-half
times the normal wage rate.
DUSTRIES, Code No. 256: Order 13, deny-
ing application of Jean .Novelty Co., Inc.,
191 Columbia Avenue, North Bergen, N. J.,
and the Henry Treuhaft & Co., 719 Sip Street,
Union City, N. J., for exemption from the
provisions of article IV, section 1 (a), of
the Code.
Code No. 114: Order 14, denying application
of Voland & Sons, Inc., New Rochelle, N. Y.,
for exemption under article III, section 6, of
the Code.
DUSTRY, Code No. 84-R: Order 19, grant-
ing exemption to the Free Sewing Machine
Co., Rockford, Ill., from the hour-and-wage
provisions of the supplementary Code and
from any requirements thereunder df report-
ing labor 'data which cannot readily be
segregated, provided in respect of all such
obligations it shall comply with and make re-
port under the provisions of the Code for
this industry. The order provides that the
Free Sewing Machine Co. shall report to the
supplementary Code Authority any material
Increase in productive operations of the in-
ING INDUSTRY, Code No. 2: Order 28,
denying blanket extension of section 3, sub-
section (c), of the Code, and granting ex-
tension thereof with limitations and condi-
lions to the Newport News Shipbuilding and
Dry Dock Co., the Bethlehem Shipbuilding
Corporation, and the New York Shipbuilding
Corpora t ion.
Order 29, granting ta further exemption
from the provisions of part 3, sections (a)
and (b), of employees engaged In testing in-
stallations, machinery, and equipment for
ships, dock trials, anil sea trials. The ex-
emption is for the period from December 27,
1934, to June 16, 1035, and provides that if
an employee on an hourly rate works in
excess of 8 hours in any 1 day, or in excess
of 36 hours in any 1 week, he shall be'paid
at the rate of at lenst one and one-half
times his regular hourly rate for overtime
so worked; however, In the computation of
pay whon such employee works during any
1 week overtime in excess of both 8 hours
per day and 36 hours per week, the over-
time pay shall not be compounded by addi-
tion ot' both daily and weekly overtime, but
the employee shall be paid either the sum
of the overtime pay earned during the over-
time days or the overtime pay earned during
the overtime week, whichever Is the higher

for said week. The order also provides that
in each case where Code hours are exceeded
hereunder, the facts and circumstances shall
be reported to the Code Authority and the
Industrial Relations Committee, on a form
stipulated by the Industrial Relations
INDUSTRY, Code No. 444: Order 7, grant-
ing exemption to the Dunbar Pattern Co.,
St. Louis, Mo., from the provisions of article
III, section I, of the Code as applied to 12
model cutters, who shall be permitted to
work for a period noro to exceed 5 weeks a
total of 54 hours per week, with payment of
1. times the normal rate of pay for all
overtime worked In excess of 45 hours iper
week If this company is operating on a toler-
ance period maximum hours granted under
article III, section 1, of the Code and with
payment of I.% times the normal rate of
compensation for all time worked In, excess
of 40 hours per week if it has already op-
erated its plant the maximum hours granted
under the tolerance period.
DUSTRY, Code No. 177: Order 16, granting
exemption to the Manchester Silver Co.,
Providence, R. I., from the provisions of ar-
ticle III, section 1 (a), of the Code to the
extent that it Is permitted to,work 40 skilled
employees for special manufacturing depart-
ments not to exceed 54 hours per week on
condition that not less than time and one-
third the regular rate is paid each employee
for all hours worked over 48 hours per week.
The total skilled employees affected by this
order is not to exceed 40 percent of its iota]
employees. This exemption is granted for
the period from December 14, 1934, to De-
cember 24, 1934.
SLATE INDUSTRY, Code No. 218: Order
15, terminating the exemption conferred in
paragraph (a) of Administrative Order X-48,
dated June 12, 1934, insofar as such exemp-
tion may apply to prices and/or discounts
published for sales to other members, dis-
tributors, or dealers.
TURING INDUSTRY, Code No. 83: Order
41, granting exemption to the Standard Oil
Co. (Ohio), Cleveland, Ohio, from the pro-
visions of articles III and IV of the Code.
The order provides that the employees of
this company engaged in the manufacture
of soap and/or glycerine and/or cleansers
made with soap and Insoluble minerals as
essential ingredients shall be paid not less
than q minimum wage equal to the minimum
wage provided in the Code for the petroleum
industry; that the maximum hours for. such
employees shall not be more than those pro-
vided in the Code for the petroleum indus-
try; that a copy of this order be placed in a
place accessible to all employees affected
thereby; that once each year, at such ,time
as the Code Authority may specify, this com-
pany shall submit to the executive secretary
of the Code Authority a report, to be held
in confidence by the executive secretary, stat-
ing the net sales of soap, soap products, and
glycerine for the preceding calendar year,
the net sales of cleansers made with soap
and insoluble minerals as essential ingredi-
ents for the preceding calendar year, whether
such sales amounted to more or less than
10 percent of the total sales of all products
and/or services sold by it during such calen-
dar year and the total number of employees
engaged by It in a typical week during such
calendar year in the manufacture of soap
and/or glycerine and/or such cleansers.
Code No. 84-Z: Order 12, approving stand-
ard form of sales contract.
INDUSTRY, Code No. 84-Y: Order 12, ap-
proving standard form of sales contract.
TURING INDUSTRY, Code No. 35: Order
19, granting exemption to the Saco-Lowell
Shops, Bostou, Mass., from the provisions of
article VII, section 1, of the Code to the ex-
tent that it may work not -to exceed 100
employees overtime during the last week in
December 1934 and the first 3 weeks In Janu-
ary 1935, provided no one employee shall
work more than 40 overtime hours during
said period and that time and one-half shall
be paid for all hours worked in excess of 8
hours per day or/ 40 hours per week and
that a copy of this order shall be posted in
a conspicuous place upon the premises that
it may be inspected by all employees con-,
der 57, amending Administrative Order No.
28-51 granting exemption to 'Yonkers Bus,
Inc., Yonkers, N. Y., from certain provisions
of article III of the Code. The amendment
provides thnrat the Yonkers Bus, Inc., may,
for a period of 3 months from the date of this
order andti thereafter from month to union$
until further order of the board, employ one
mechanic apprentice not more than 54 hours
in any week at not less than $25 per week,
ench of its drivers not more than 60 hours
in any week if and so long as it shall pay its
drivers not less than the prevailing wages
of $5 per day each or $5.50 per day each,
depending on seniority of service, that no
employee referred to In this order shall be
employed more than 10 hours in any 1 day,

except in case of emergencies as defined i
article III of the Code and that it shall fun1'1
nish the Code Authority and the Nationa'lI
Industrial Recovery Board monthly state,-:
meats of its revenue and operatUng expeusi
Order becomes effective on December 17
1934. .
INDUSTRY, Code No. 40S: Order 25, ex.
tending the time of the Fact Finding Conim.j
mission appointed by Order No. 408-4, dated.!
May 26, 1934, to make a report on its finda1
ings to January 15, 193.5.
Order 26, terminating exemption conferred
in paragraph III of Administrative Ordeti
X-36. .
DUSTRY, Code No. 19: Order 14, granHn'
a stay of the operation of the provisions o0'
article III section (a), of the Code untli
and including December 22, 1934, on condi
tion that all employees be permitted to work.,
not more than 56 hours per week, provlde4,
that all such employees shall be paid fol!l
all hours worked in excess of 8 hours pe .
day or 40 hours per week at not less than
1i% times, their normal rates of pay. The&
order also provides that no overtime shallow
be permitted when the working of such overt!"
time will eliminate a second shift then "'
operation. '.
.330-A: Order 6, revising and superseding Ad-:
ministrative Order No. 330 A-2, and revisingms
Administrative Order No. 330 A-3 upon its.f
expiration date November 19, 1934. "
DUSTRY, Code No. 178: Order 15, terminat-
Ing exemption conferred in paragraph III o
Administrative Order X-36. '
Code No. 163: Order 17, terminating exemp- -
tion conferred in paragraph Ill of Admwnis-'.-
,trative Order X-36, provided no member of.
any trade or industry shall be required to'
contribute to the expenses of administration.
of this Code when such member is subject,'.
.'by 'the provisions of Administrative Order,.,
X-78, to assessment under any Code covering..
his principal line of wholesale distribution'.';.
DUSTRY, Code No. 458: Order 19, denying'
application of 57 Cash and Carry Jobbers of.
St. Louis, Mo., represented by I. R. Good-;
man, chairman of the coordinating commit-.,
tee and president of the St. Louis Cash and:;
Carry Candy Jobbers of St. Louis, for ex-:
emption'from the.provisions of article III,1.I
section 3, of the Code.
Order 20, granting exemption to the ..'
Lyons Candy Co., Oakland, Calif., from the
I provisions of article III, section 4; of the..'
Code to the extent that the working hours::
qf R. E. Shyder may be'increased from 36.;
to 48 hours per week. The order provides
that this company shall make a monthly,
written report to the Local Wholesale Con-:
fectioners' Code Authority for the Oaklan.d"
area with respect to the nature of the duties'
performed and the remuneration received by
R. E. Snyder. :
TRADE, Code No. 201: Order 29, denyingo.
application of the divisional Code Authority..
of the Commercial Stationery and Office Out-i
fitting Trade, Washipgton, -D. C., on behalf!
of the member of this trade, for exemption.:
from the provisions of 'article Ill, section I,"
paragraph (e), of the Code. J.
TRADE, Code No. 196: Order 41, extending2'
the stay of the taking effect of an amend.
meat to the first paragraph of article VII,
section 12, of the Code for a period of 45
days from the date of this order. Order lii
dated December 22, 1934.
Order 54, approving Food and Grocery Code-
Authoritry reorganization plan, effective Jan-'.l
uary 1, 1935, and approval of all except:
article II, section 2, subsections (a) and.
kb), paragraphs (1) and (2), of "Instrue-'
tions for Setting Up State and Local Food.d
and Grocery Distributors' Code Authorities"
is canceled as of January 1, 1935.
TRY, Code No. LP 18-9: Denying appUca-;
tion of Zellers Commission Co., Market:
Square, Oklahoma City, Okla., for exemption:
from the provisions of article Ill, section 1,.
and article IV, section 1, of the Code. -
538: Order approving Code for this industry,
Order 14, granting a stay of the operation of
the provisions of article VII, section 2, Q
thie Code until June 16, 1935. Order becomSI
effective 20 days from December 18, 191,
No. 347-F: Order 8, granting exemption .t
the Delta Manufacturing Co., Milwauka.
Wis., from the provisions of article Ill, a
tion 1, of the Code for the machinery a.d,
allied products industry and from the prt
visions of article III of the supplemental
Code for the woodworking machinery sU

ws Are Presented at

rice Policy Hearing
(Continued from page 3)

Suction rather than policies which aim
.>Jrectly or indirectly at price rigidities."
-"' What is needed ", Dr. Bean continued,
'.ssome way of coordinating the policy-
naklng- decisions now scattered through
yasn Codes so as to insure that price and
production policies are established from the
r Yi't of view of their effect upon the ac-
tivRity and welfare of the community as a
U:h ole, rather than from the point of view. of
ithe narrow self-interest of each small seg-
c ent of each industry.
M''"It is essential that. means be found by
'whlch the NRA organization of industry
_',cmn be made to work so that production is
l.Increased; costs are lowered without 'reduc-
'ing pay rolls; selling margins and prices are
reduced so that there is a market for the
.increased output; and unemployed workers
.are absorbed on a 'steadily increasing cycle
Dr. Bean suggested three specific ways to
obtain "coordination of fundamental key'
'illeles." They sVerd (1) coordinating c'oib-
.slttees of related industries, (2) inter-Codq
iAuthorlties'in such groups, and (3) a Gov-
Ierment planning agency cooperating with
,ti6 Code Authorities and labor representa-
tives in developing coordinated plans.
'.H. B. Arthur, who repre-ented the Con-
1iuners' Division of the Niatilonal Emergency

'Council, said reports from county consumers'
;councils indicate that consumers do not dis-
:tinguish betWeen industries whose Codes au-
Ib'orize price control and industries in which
:*aome control has occurred without speciflr'
provisions for It in the Codes.,.
SMrs. Harris T. Baldwin, vice president of,
*tfhe National League of Women Voters, said
tae League believes price fixing leaves the
-consumer at the mercy of the producer and
the. distributor."
S"Only as prices are kept down to a level
: which corresponds to consumer purchasing
S.power can this country have genuine and
:lasting recovery", Mrs. Baldwin said. I
E:.. Early Policy Announcement Forecast
n..Leon Henderson, reviewing the testimony,
.. So far as the profits of business' have fig-
ti red in the discussion, most of the businesses
That have made their appearance have not
.' been asking. the Government for protection
: for anything beyond, what their own idea is
o of. a minimum that is necessary * *
Fito'.avoid disastrous' bankruptcies, but not
. necessarily tfo perpetuate inefficient pro-
'.ducers. * The businesses have con-
A.,tedledi mainly for protection which would
Sperifidt them to pay the wage standards and
--a:.reasonable replacement and betterment of
capital and the maintenance of normal inven-
! tories. * '* -
SO* n that main objective 'the
.Board has no definite disagreement. * S
I think we know that satisfactory profits
cannot be secured for business 'as 'a whole,
except through considerable stimulation of
diieand and an enormous Increase in na-
tiiial productivity.
'I hope that such hostilities and such
skepticism as may develop and have, de-
.,Velopedj between those presenting their cases
: and the Board may 'be examined in the
.'terms of, first, their mutual understanding
. of the objective and, second, the necessary
Differences in point of view."
SClosing the hearing on January 12, Black-
Swell Smith, Acting General Counsel and es-
i.officio member of the Board, said, "The NRA
s. ''going to make a careful job of analysis of.
SthQ material that has been orally presented
.'as well as that which has been filed. On the
basiss of that formula we hope to have an
:-'announcement at an early date which will
definitely cover the field so far as the NRA
is concerned, so that-we may move on to the
:.ixt' policy hearing without the confusion
.. of'an open question on this subject and so
.,that any uncertainties that there may be
..lunder'Codes will be eliminated at the earliest
'.possible moment."

Trade Practice Com-

.plaints Plans Approved
.'The National Industrial Recovery Board
approved, during the past week, plJans for
.1'the'onganization of agencies nnd procedure
.,for the handling of trade-practice complaints
ilarii'ng within the following industries:
Cut Tnck, Wire Tack, and Small Staple
.Manufacturing Industry.
lo-mesticI Freight Forwarding Industry
.'..-(Amendment to the Manual for the Ad-
:':jusrntment of Complaints).
Alpdustrial Safety Equipment Industry and
T.isulatlon Board Industry.
:Iarlne Equipment Mlanufacturuing Industry.
iMechanical Packing Industry.
.per Disc Milk Bottle Cap Industry.
.erfume, Cosmetic, and Other Toilet Prepa-
I''ratlons Industry.
"4nmp Manufacturing Industry.
Spray Painting and finishing Equipment
S.Manufacturing Industry.
.8ploca Dry Products Industry.
,;le Manufacturing Industry.
prx Paper Industry.
'pWbolesale Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, Allied,
g nd Kindred Products Trade.
gl oven Wood Fabric Shade Industry.

.v .LV* ULJ .I L LIJ..JJ.
The National Industrial Recovery Board,
during the past week, approved amendments
and modifications to Codes of fair competi-
tion as follows:
Candle, MAfanufacturing Industry and Bees-
was Bleachers and Refiners Industry.-
Amendment approved December 22, 1934, per-
mits the Code Authority to Incorporate and
permits members of the industry' to enter
into a liquidated damages agreement' for
Code violations. I
Coal Dock Industry,-Amendment ap-
proved December 28, 1934, permits the Code
SAuthority to ihcur reasonable obligations nec-
essary to support the administration of the
Code and to submit an Itemized budget and
equitable basis of assessment upon members
of the industry to the National Industrial
Recovery Board, for approval. This amend-
ment becomes effective 10 days from the date
of approval unless good cause to the con-
trary is shown.
Cotton Tewtile Industry.-Amendment ap-
proved December 27, 1934, extends the scope
of the definitions to include bleached goods
and cotton linings, provides that certain ac-
tivities'of the Code Authority be. subject to
NRA approval, establishes: delivery ternis,
prohibits options, and' establiUshes', new sec-
tions of the Code for the two divisions created
by the amendment. Thbe,new sections of the,
Code regulate terms of'sale, deliveries, ad-
vertising allowances, options, consignment;
Saturday and Sunday operations, and price
guarantee In both divisions. Rules for the
cotton linings division' regulate simplee re-
quiremnents, contratta for future delivery and
consignment, sales, and permit a uniform
sales contract to'be devised. .
Lace Manufacturing' fnduktry.-Amend-
ment approved December. 24, 1934, exempts
certain classes of employees from the maxi-
mum hours provisions under certain condi-'
tons and permits fabric registration and
protection. .. II
Locomotive Manufacturing Subdiviion of
the Machin'ery and Allied Products Iidustry.--
Amendment approved December 31; 1934, pro-
hibits rebates except on account of changes in
the speciflcdtions or as allowance for purchases
from the eventual purchaser. Any' rebate
granted must be definitely agreed upon in
writing. The material for which concession
is made must be delivered at'the' plant and
Sthe supplier must assume responsibility' for
incorrectness in specifications 'of such ma-
terials and for: defects arid must relieve the
fabricator from guaranteeing such materials.
The amendment 'prohibits members of this
industry frqm guaranteeing such materials
furnished'- by others. The amendment may
not ,prohibit making continuous contracts for
Sthe sale of parts which provide forisubise-
quent adjustments-of price, nor do'thet apply
to locomotives' propelled by electric motors
nor to export sales'., The'order of approval
provides that the amendinmeiit shall- not be
deemed to require the inhusibn of'conse-
quential damages In any. agreement made .by
a purchaser to indemnify an employer in
accordance with such provisions. Tbh amend-
ment'becomes effective 21 days fr6m the date
of approval unless good cause -to the contrary
is shown au
Print Roller and-Print Block Manufactur-
ing Industry.-mAmendment approved Decem-
ber 7, '1934, redeflnes, the industry as the
manufacture for sale and selling of the print
rollers and print blocks used in surface print-
ing of wall paper, linoleum, crepe paper, and
box paper, and defines Ph various types.
Restaurant Industry.-Amendment ap-
proved December 19, 1934, increases the'num-
ber of members of the National Restaurant
Code Authority: provides for the manner of
selection, of the Code Authority' and puts
hotel restaurants under the Jurisdiction. The
amendment becomes effective '20 days from'
the date of approval unless good cause to the
contrary .is shown.
Retail Lumber, Lumber Products, Building
Materials, and Building- Specialties Trade.-
Amendment approved December 13, 1934,
permits the Code Authority- to elect 1 mem-
ber at large and.,2 members to the executive
Rctail Monumen t Induditry.--Amendment
approved December 18, 1934, transfers itle
State of Arizona from division 14 to division
16. The amendment becomes effective 20
days from the date of approval unless good
cause to the contrary is shown.
Ring Troaveler Manufacturing Indlhstry.-
Amendment approi'ed. December 13, 1934,
adds exceptions from the maximum hour
provisions for employees engaged in emer-
gen'cy maintenAnce or emergency repair
work, managers,dr executives earning thirty-
flive ($35) per week, traveling salesmebh, and
watchmen. Office employees may not be em-
ployed more than 40 hdurs per- week or 9
hours per day, except that they may work a
maximum of 48 hours per week during 8
weeks per year. Minimum wages are $14
per week for clerical and office employees
and 35 cents per hour for other workers.
the Code Authority shall be composed ot
6 voting members, each of the 6 present
members of the industry to select 1 as Its
representative on the Code Authority. i There
shall he not more than three representatives
selected by the National Industrial Recovery
Board. The amendment permits the Code
Authority t,o incur reasonable obligations
necessary tb support the administration of
the Code nnd to submit an Itemized budget
and equitable basis of assessment upon mem-
bers of the industry to the National Indus-
trial RecOvery Board for approval.

The National Industrial Recovery. Board National Paper Trade Assocgation, vice',,
approved, during the past week, the follow- Kerwin, resigned as member and chb ing selections and appointments of Code 'Au- of Region 6. i- ''iW
thorlty members. PERFUME,. COSMETIC, AND OTHER
Hartford. Conn., vice G. E. Cage, resigned. R. W'i Vehle, New York, N. Y., vice""
Clarence F. Bayer, New York, N.'Y.; George, .'PICKLE PACKING INDUSTRY.-A4- i
Gruen, Cincinnati, Ohio; .Roland A., Gsela, elation members: H. B. Blandford, FreemonS
3. P. V. Heinmuller, Harry Hensbhel,' Oscar Mich.; F. 0. Brown, Chicago, Il.; J.9A
Lazrus, and Herbert Ollendorff, all, of New' 'Miller, Montgomery, Ala.; W. J. Schbeai'
York, N. Y. ' -'A'., Irvington, N. J.; A. E.. Slessman, Pittsiabu
B A K ER Y EQUIPMENT "MANUFAC- ,Pa.; and M. E. 'Wagenhelm,. San Fieancdi.' H
TURLNG SUBDIVISION OF. THE MA- Calif. 'Nonassoclation'inembers:' Maj: Phi
CHINERY AND A'LLIED PRODUCTS -IN-" Matth6ws, H. 3. Heinz Co.; Charles Schloi
DUSTRY.-Martih Miller, New .York;' N. Y.; Mrs. Schl6res, Inc.'; aid' H. W. Dawdyt,"O
Clarke Dean, Albion, Mich.; 'Fred D. Pfenu- 'Idka Pickle & Canning Co., Onalaska,
ning, Columbus,'Ohio; Carl Pletscher, Sagi- PRINTERS? ROLLERS INDUSTRY.e
naw, Mich.; and C. L. Russell, St. Louis,' prnk H. Stevens, Jr., chairman, Bop, t
Mo. Mass:; Carl G. Bingham, Chicago, I1l; and
BOOK PUBLISHING INDUSTRY.- Frank A. Reppenhagen, Buffalo, N. Y. "-i
.George P. Brett, Jr., Harry ,P. Burt, and RETAIL JEWELRY TRADE'(Local R' '
Frk Dodd, all of New ork, N. ..; tail Code Authority of Wilkes-Barre, Pa.),
Alfred R. McIntyre, Bdston, Mass.; Cass Can- Harry H. Blase, chairman; Hyman Lndam,
field, Whitney- jDarrow, Alfred A.Kno1f, installment, vice chairman; Carl Flssell,.see-
^L'W. W. Norton, and W Mprgan Shuster, a ., ,rtary,; John, Miles, treasurer; *Jamei.BJ.
of New York, 'N. |.; ..' .rctan, Oscar Both, Albert Hrrs
COMPLETE WIRE AND IRON FliN'CE hn'n scrRoh Albert S1anta,
COMPLETE IRE AND IRON .F C FInkelstefn, J. P. Ernst, and T. 'Crot'rt
INDUSTRY.-W. L.Robertsoni, Cincimnnti, RETAIL JEWELv ErAn "Loalsof
Ohio; W.F. Brannan, Baltimbre,'Md.; 0. E. t a 'Code". ,1 TrAD (ca
Kendall, Pittsburgh, Pa.; H'I. Raymond, In- ta ..Authorityf' Greater Pitt.%
dianapolls, In d.; W. ..: Rich,'. Cincinnati,* Pa).--E. S. Wi.ks,, chaman; as Warshn
Ul~l.Pt~ ,tit.; i. o. ~t-u. L=a sUec, retary' r Harry Fie-g-'l
Ohio; J. T. Hanley, Libertyville, Ill. J. S.' secretary and treasurer; Harry Fiegleman
Eskin, New-York, N. Y. ;-M. J.1 Sayles, Brook-' Mlyer Bur~nstein,' and B., A. Ross. f
lyn, N. Y.; and W. H. Bleecker, Monessen;.' RETAIL JEWELRY T-RADE.-*-WliIi.t
Pa.. .' i D: McNelI, chairman, New York, N. Y;'
CRUSHED STONE, SAND ANDIGRAV- Arthur J. Sindiun, Washington, 'D, 0...?
EL, AND SLAG INDUSTRIES (Regional Charles, Michagis, Hartford,- Coan.; ,WiUillni
Adjustment Agency for Region ---. L. '..G Thurber, Providence, TR. I.; Edward Kr'i
Shiely, St. Paul, MInniI and W. W. 'GibsonI bbla. New York, N. Y'; to represent tta
Minneapolis 'Minn ' American nationall .Retail Jewelers Asso.
CRUSHED STONE, SAND AND GRAY- tio 'and the National'.Association of .Or
Je we rI, to serve through h u ne- 15 _1,..
EL, AND. SLAG INDUSTRIES (Regional, je.rto..' s .erve .t ..r ouhJ tn 151...
Adjustmerit Agency' for Region 3)'.-I W. subjec-t to Turther order cont-rary
Wortmafi; Morristown, N. J.; H: H. Wagner, RETAIL TRADE (Local Retail Code.'A
Lebano6, Pa.; Robert' Lacy, Baltimore, Md.; thority. of Providence, R. I.).-Frank EB g
H. W. Peterson, Paulsboro, N. J.; J. M. Whit- lon as vice' chairman'. , .'
tock, Highspire-.. Pa.; George J. rye, Phlla- RETAIL TRADE (Local' Retail Code*A
delphia, Pa.-;' anl Carioll D 'Winters, Wer- thority of'Springfield,"Ohio)-E. E "Etra.p
nersville, Pa. .. as secretary. ,. .'
EL, IAND. SLAG INDUSTRIES (District thdrity of. New Haven, Conn,).-H M. Bi
Adjustnient Agency of Region 2, District lard,'Sr., is secretary. .' "-*lI
6).--F. X. Ernst, chairman,-J. J. Pendergast,. .
'A. J. Hook, 'G. S. Snyder, and P. Kremer, RETAIL TRADE '(Local Retail Code Ai
all of Buffalo, N. .; ad '. R. 'Brbderick, thority ,for'Salt Lake 'County, Utah).--W.-
Niagara Fails, N.Y : '. y \ . ;,P. Dunn, chairmani.; Lynn Knowles, .,l.cej
CRUSHED' STONEi 'SAND AND GRAY- .chairman; Ry H." Butler, ex'ecutivd secrb-
EL, AND SLAG' INDUSTRIES (District,. rtary; Harry M...Frank, Sam Axelrad Georg.p
Adjustment Agency of Region .2, District Hoffman, William', ... Jahrles,. Ruel Phillipp
6,)-A. U. MdCoy, Harvey I' E'lark, Homer Tom flolland, Bron W. Buter, George 'H
W. Storey, and' John' Redman, aill .'Of Lucas,-.A.W. Cowan, and Alberto 0.O iCoope`i':
Rochester, N. Y.; and E. J. Nunan, Buffalo, RETAIL TRADE (Local Retail ,C6ddie -
.N. Y. '.. :" '. '' thority of.Navport,.R. I.).--Herbdrt A. -Law-
DRAPERY AND CARPET HARDWARE 'toA ab secretary, tice'Edwin 'L. Jbsephson:-1.
H. Boye,' .Chicagb, Ill. ;'Guy W.'.kirsch; Stur- thority''of Sai" 'Francisco,, Calif.).- B,.
.'gis, Mich.; E. A.. Frazee; Winsted, :Conn.';' Connelly; chairman.; Melville Kaufnann, ee
George R. Murno4k,' New York, N. Y.; C. 3. chairman; arid S Walter Newman, treasurer6.
Alden, Painesvile, Ohio; L.' F. Cuthbert, Furniture, Max.Shaff. Hardware, S. Wai-ItA
Ogdensburk, N. Y.; and .M.'S. 'Oftedel,, Chi-, Newman. Dry' goods,. J.'W, Laughlin.'BR
cago, lli. ' tall'slioe dealers, Melville Kaufmqan.' Lmti
FLEXIBLE METAL BHOSE AND TUB- 'ited price'variety, F. RB'Cole. Councldl4"o
ING MANUFACTURING' INDUSTRY.-- shoe retailers, A. A. Gallenkamp. Pet sho''
S. H. Collom, .Philadelphia, 'Pa.;. J.. 'F.-P., Paul B. MacLane. Music, Robert D. Eiast7-
Farrar, Maywood, Ill.; C. W. Flet'cher,,New-,. man. Book'ellers, J. J. Newbegin. Clothietk'
ark, N. J..; C. S. Hungerford,' Waterbury, Albert H. '.Ross. Sporting goods, R. Kirkj
Conn.; W.'H. Miller,. Cleveland, Ohio; and Underhill: Mall order, 'D. F. Tarvid Art
E. E. Lewis, East Orange, N. 'J., as the s6p- dealers, Henry H. Hart. Paint, wall 'pa0eZj'
elementary Code Authority.' and glass, Fred Byron, Sr. Luggage and'A
GUMMING INDUSTRY.-H. 0. Nichols,, leather goods, M.,E.. Levin. Pawnbroker
vice E. F. Herrlinger, resigned. Harry Schmalz. "t..
dor Lnderman, New York, N. Y., to serve' EQUIPMENT INDUSTRY (DivisiOn.offhtA'
during the pleasure of the'NationalIndus- Machinery and Allie dProducts-Industry)
trial Recovery Board. L. W. Mesta, Pittsburgh, Pa.; P. M. Mortan '
MEN'S ecLoTry B Na N STRY '. Worcester, Mass. F iank Cordes, PittsburghiJ
MEN'S CLOTHING INDUSTRY.-- L Frank Pa.; CG R. Casey, Easton, Pa.; H, V. Blaxtei.'.
P. Zurn, Philadelphia, Pa., vice Louis. Suss- Pittsburgh, Pa.; and Harvey 0. Yodpr, Cleve--
man, resigned. land, Ohio. f ,
pitt,' Two Rivers, Wis.; Mr., Benedetti, Madi- York, N. Y., rice J. H. Kirtrhnd,'whose termx
son, Wis.; Joseph A.. MLner( Indianapolis, expired on December 25, '1934, and H-. :.
Ind.; Dr. L. L. Watters, New York.,. N. .; Gossett,.New York, N. Y., to succeed hlmseif-
John M. Liptay. Long Island City, N. Y.; and at the expiration of his term on December .254,
Samuel S. Spielberg, Johnstown, Pa. 1934. ..i
Cobean, Chicago, Ill., to represent the Na- 'Silas Reagan, Indianapolis, Ind.; Sidney .Y.
tionnl Paper Trade Association, vice Richard Bell, Chicago, Ill.; Jacob Engel, Baltimore, il
S Bull, Chicago, Ill., resigned' as member and Md.; Herbert G. Johnson, New York, N'.'i_
chairman of Region 4, Arthur E. Manhelmer, Chicago,. Ill.;, Lloy&
PAPER DISTRIBUTING 'TRADE.-Sid- Pattee, Minneapolis, Minn.;'Howard L.,i,'Q4
ney Strauss, St. Louis, Mo., to represent the penter, Providence, R..I.; J3'G. Swerthrilf R
,- i Chicago, Ill.-; A. L. Ellbogen, Chicagb,.'
Leo Bauman, St. ohuis, Mo.; Arthur'A. p
uoderi By- Care, Los Angeles, Calif.; A.. C.!Wallenstf
ode ut ority y- Cinciinn.nti, Ohio; W. Merritt Hutlburt, h,
S adelphia, Pa.; Harold Alberta, Boston-,. Msaa'
laws Approved Emil Freyer, Pittsburgh, Pa.; George bdW,:
S wards, Kansas City, Mo.; Charles A., Mo6i|
Bakery Equipment Manufacturing Subdivi- Dallas, ,Ter.; Rutledge Simmons, New Y6or'N
sion of the Machinery and Allied Products N. Y. ;Irvng J. Hopfenberg and Sam Sa-'
Industry (with exceptions). son. New York, N. Y.; and Irving Brand -
Domestic Freight Forwarding Industry. Chicago, Ill.; to serve until the final recogn
File Manufacturing Industry (with excep- tion of the divisional'Code Authority bun i
tionas), no event for a period longer than 90 daysg
Merchandise ,Warehousing Trade. from January 2, 1935. ',,'
Optical Reta. Trade (with exceptions). WHOLESALE WALL PAPER TRAD.;41.
Refractories Industry (With .conditions). James Davis, 'Chicago, Ill., and Joseph_'i
Retail Solid Fuel Industry-Dlvlsion 26 Segulne, Philadelphia, Pa., to represent me't'
(with exceptions). bers of the National Wall Paper Wholesal6eirs
Retail Solid 'Fuel 'Industry-Division 46 Association, to serve until October 1, 1935'
(with exceptions)' and Thomas G. Buecking, Kansas City M6.
Retail Trade-Columbus, Ohio. and Julius Federmhn, Boston, Mass.,,.to .repr
Retail Trade-Chicago, IlL. resent nonmiembers of.the association to servo
Retail Trade-Wilmington, DeL until October 1, 1935. ., ,:.

' 4.-.; ":".. ...:. " ..;' \ha^. ," .' '.

- ' '

Armiendeme"ntsCd n i' . .pov
M.rl' .- '' ': ... :

trends in the Lumber and Timber Products Industr



I "


I; .',

,"z. 1(

*?** 'l*.

I :'.'t;.-

~L- f "
; '=.


------- ---- --- --- --- o,-----,-


90 __
70 --I\









i i i i IV


% "

%v- -%

-------- / b---
/ .

::," ,X


|" M J S D M J S D M J 5 D M J
i,' 1929 1930 1931 19
:' Sources: Bureau ,of Labor Statistics-Labor data for sawmills and millwork
i combined and adjusted to census totals through 1933. National Industrial Con-
I,'.':"ference Board-Data from 1926-31, inclusive, on average hours and hourly
.'.earnings, the latter multiplied by 0.792 to insure continuity with Bureau of Labor
*". Although t-he present level of activity in the lumber and timber products
?industry is still more than 60 percent below that of 1929, marked recovery is
-shown by theine curves in the chart above. According to the latest available
.'data, the number of employees and pay rolls have doubled the low figures of
-.1933; and man-hours, production, and average weekly wages have risen 50
:.percent. Prices also have increased by about the same percent, and our export
"iAtrade in this industry has regained about half of the loss suffered during the
: Beginning at the top of the chart, the movements are shown first in average
.hourly wages, hours per week, and weekly earnings. Hourly wages, it will
: be seen, declined steadily from 1929 to the middle of 1933, and then by October
.'.rose rapidly to a point about 50 percent above the lowest level. Since that
time hourly wages have fluctuated somewhat around 43 cents. Weekly wages
.(which dropped from about $21 in 1929 to almost $10 in March 1933) ha ve
-.been hovering around $14.50. Although this figure is about 30 percent below
4::.:the 1929 level, in actual purchasing power it represents a drop of only about
12 percent.
s:-" Average hours worked per week declined from about 46 in 1929 to about 34
i:i.ia the early months of 1933, then rose during the summer of that year to
Siabout 44, apparently as the result of a speculative spurt in production. Since
:;2 the peak in July 1933 this figure dropped to the present level of 38 to 40 hours
i. per week. In both hours and hourly earnings the movement during the past
"::2 years is typical of that in many industries; that is, hours decreasing and
Swages rising, both leveling off during the latter half of 1933.
... In the middle section of the chart four operating" indexes show the
.: general movement downward since 1929 and the upturn in 1933. It is appar-
ent that during the past year the level of employment has been higher than





^ \ -/, ,-.:. ]

,,--,----+---.+ ------ 30 .
I I -



-NT *:!

4 k^"'00 '*


^ -t -- --X--- -

"7O j

x 30 r
3AL ^KCE ^^ _- -- ------- 00 01.


2 1933 1934 1935 "
Statistics data. "Federal Reserve Board--Index of production. Bureau of Labor
Statistics---index of prices Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce--Index of80

exports. Chart prepared exclusively for the Blue Eagle by the Division of Research
and Planning NRA.
the level of production. -This is largely the result of the shorter work week !
as shown by the fact that. the levels of man-hours and production are approxi-
mately the same.
Analysis of other relationships of the various indexes may he summarized
briefly in the following terms:
The fact that the index of pay rolls is at present considerably below the
employment index and slightly below that for man-hours is an indication of
the much smaller weekly wages and the slightly lower hourly wages in corn
prison with the 1929 levels. It seems also that pay rolls are slightly below
production levels at the present time, indicating that unit-labor costs are still
slightly below those of 1929. When the present relation between production
and pay rolls is compared with that prevailing during the first 6 months of
1933, it is evident that unit-labor costs in the lumber and timber products in-
--- -- -^ --------------- 7 0 e

--7X -- 50^

dustry have substarntially increased, although not quite as much as the rise
in average hourly wages would indicate.
At the bottom of the chart the price curve shows a decline during thei!'
depression of about 40 percent and a subsequent recovery of about 50 percent,
a rise somewhat greater than that resulting from increased labor costs alone.-
The movement in exports is marked by a decline of about 65 percent dur-
ing the depression and a recovery of about 30 percent since 1932. Although!'
the foreign market absorbs only about 10 percent of total production, this
proportion is an important factor in the welfare of the industry. (
Though tie sharp decline in construction was the principal cause of the.i,',
sharp drop in the production of lumber during the depression; it should be :;
remembered that the industry has suffered for a decade or more fo h~
increasing use of substitutes, particularly in nonresidential construction. Fur-2::
their recovery in this industry obviously depends upon expansion in bothi
modernization and new housing activity.
2~ ~ 193 193 095 '
Sttstc Zaa FdrlRsreBadIdxo rdcin ueuo ao
Sttsic-ne ofpie.BraXfFrinad oetcCmec-ne f

Saitics daalevell eeveBad-ne of production. BTusisrrglyteaesl of Labsote ork ek'

as shown by the fact that the levels of man-hours and production are approxi- 3?
mately the same. '
Analysis of other relationships of the various indexes may be summarized '
briefly in the following terms: -
The fact that the index of pay rolls is at present considerably below the
employment index and slightly belowv that for man-hours is an indication of':",
the much smaller weekly wages and the slightly lower hourly wages in com-
parison with the 1929 levels. It seems also that pay rolls are slightly below :
production levels at the present time, indicating that unit-labor costs are sil.
slightly below those of 1929. When the present relation between production
and pay rolls is compared with thrat prevailig during the first 6 months of '
1933, it is evident thiat unit-labor costs in the lumber and timber products in-..
dustry have substantially increased, although not quite as much as the rise'.1
in average hourly wagres would indicate.-
At the bottom of the chart the price curve shows a decline during the
depression of about 40 percent and a subsequent recovery of about 50 percent, ,,.
a rise somewhat greater than that resulting from increased labor costs alone. `1
The movement in exports is marked by a decline of about 65 percent dur-
ing the depression and a recovery of about 30 percent since 1932. Althoug0hi'..!
the foreign market absorbs only about 10 percent of total production, this
proportion is an important factor in the welfare of the industry.
Though the sharp decline in construction was the principal cause of the
sharp drop in the production of lumber during the depression., it should be:!
remembered that the industry has suffered for a decade or more from the.,.|
increasing use of substitutes, particularly in nonresidentia,! construction. Fur--'!
the reovey in this industry obviously depends upon expansion in both?
modernization and now housing activity. ^


. ... :. .. .. ".. . ... ... Si.^, ..... ... ..... :. .; .., .. ,. ;., .:.;i.._...-i. ? .;; l.; S::, i _


i i i MIF it v # vital I m

, I I


=7n 1,m'

IM-1\57 Ni


:-Y OF