The Blue Eagle


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The Blue Eagle
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United States -- National Recovery Administration
National Recovery Administration ( Washington, D.C )
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Full Text


SVol. 1, No. 13

Issued Weekly by the National Recovery Administration, Washington

September 4, 19342

Order Governs

Posting Labor


SEmployers Hereafter Will Post, in
SAddition to Order, All Inter-
U pretations or Explanations in
S Connection With Codes

-. Requirements more detailed than hereto-
'fore for the posting of labor provisions of
Codes of fair competition ha~e been aun-
Bounced by the National Recovery Adminis-
Sin an administrative order (X-82) of the
.Administrator, dated September 1, the new
regulations governing the posting of labor
provisions are get forth as a substitute for
paragraph 1 of Administrative Order X-7,
dated February 2S, 1934.
The new requirements are that, in addition
to labor provisions which employers hereto-
.tore had to post, they now must post also
orders, interpretations, explanations, or state-
ments issued by the President or the Admin-
istrator as part of or iu connection * *
with such Code provisions.
This new order leaves unchanged all pro-
visions of Order X-7, except paragraph 1.
That new paragraph reads in full as follows:
"Every person shall, in the manner here-
inafter provided, make application for and
display official copies of labor provisions for
each Code to whi,.h he is subject or may
hereafter be subject. Such official copies of
labor provisions i.hereinafter referred to as
official copies) will contain la) the provi-
stons of the Code relating to hours of labor,
rates of pay. aud other conditions of empioy-
meat; such conditions, orders, interpreta-
t lons, explanations, or statements issued by
the President or the Administrator as part
of or in connection with any order approving
such Code or any amendment thereto so far
-as they relate to such provisions of the Code;
_thar interpretations, orders, and esplana-
os; all to such extent as NRA may in the
>feach Code deem to be advisable to
te4the purposes of these rules and
tar -A Separate. application shahl be
imadewithi respect to each Code."

Reduces Builders'

"Floor Costs" to

Aid Housing

7% Drop in Sales and Delivery
Costs on Less-than-carload
Shipments Ordered by NRA

A drop averaging 7 per. eat in overhead
sales and deUvery cost ou lesi-than-ejiluad
shipmients ot liuilder-' supply umteri:ls 'Ins
been authorized through an administrative
order by the Natilnual Recovery Adminis-
trator. The order was reiues(ed by the Cude
Authority for the trade to aid the home-
building and home-modernization program of
President Roosevelt.
This drop in costs was brouL.bht about by
application of the Code Authority to modify
former administration-approved rigur' and
percentages which constituted the minimum
overhead cost of selling and delivering build-
ers' supplies in less-thlan-carloadil qu-ntities.
This was done by eliminating items of in-
terest and lost accounts i exc,:epting ai reserve
for lost accounts of 1 percent), and establish-
lng specific modal percentage charges.
Materials Affected by Order
Materials affected by the order are as fol-
S Brick mortars, casement and steel sash,
cement and cement products, cement pipe,
ceramic tile, clay roof tile, common brick,
cit stone, danmpers and firelilace accessories,
drain tile, face brick, fire brick and clay,
glazed structural tile. gypsum products, hol-
Ic ilw li, me aii C ll l ni e od uIL't t irsh
reinforcement, metal lath and kindred prod-
nets, mineral aggregates, mortar and cement
colors, molding plasters, roof and flooring
slates, sewer pipe. flue lining and other clay
Products, structural terra coitta, and water-
Proofing compounds.
The administrative order defined "' cost"
* as based n the invoiced cost prior to de-
ducting a.y manufacturers' dis-,ount allow-
Sa-es." It also provided that redluctionis in
the set percentages could be made by the
Code Authority upon application from "any
rePresentative group ", or by the Code Au-
thorit itself. It w'as also stated that ntlh-
lag In the order should be construed as pre-
iV ending the performance of a valid written
L; (Continued on page 2, column I)


Resume of Court
ISee page 4, column 1ii

NRA's Legal Research Section has
completed a rdsum6 of all cases de-
cided under the National Industrial
Recovery Act and State recovery acts
up to and including July 20, 1934.
The first installment was published
in the issue of the Blue Eagle of
August 13, 1934, and covered cases in-
volving Labor Disputes. The second
installment was published in the issue
of August 20, 1934, and included those
cases involving the President's Reem-
ployment Agreement and the NIRA.
The third installment was published
in the issue of August 27, 1934, and
included those cases involving Hours
and Wages.
The section published in this issue
and to be found on page 4, column 1,
covers Control of Production.

Extend Hawaiian


Certain Code exemptions heretofore granted
trades and industries in the Territory of
Hawaii have been extended until October 1,
1934. the National Recovery Administration
has announced. The exemption, however,
does not apply to the canning industry nor
to the can manufacturing industry.
Administrative Order X-0CO, of July 2. 1934,
provided that trades and industries In Hawaii
and Puerto Rico should be exempt from pre-
viously approved Codes of fair competition
until September 1, 1934; and be exempt, for
a period of 6 weeks, from Codes approved
after July 2. This order also provided that
at any time before the expiration of such
exemption applications could be made for
(a) modification of a Code as applied to
Hawaii or Puerto Rico, or tb) the approval
of a separate Code for a trade or industry in
such -erritory.;; ..... ...

Industry Groupings Fo;

Inter-Code Coordination,

Second Stage in Program for Rationalizing Administratid
of Codes by Placing All Allied Business Together
According to Size and Similarity of Problems

Three new industry divisions created within the National Recovery Adm
istration to handle Textile, Chemical, and Utility Codes, substantially cdmp]i
the administrative structure needed for administering regrouped Codes.
Their formation was a second stage in the program of rationalizing ad5i
istration by placing all allied industries together and allocating them, for N]
purposes, to 22 sections. ,
The eight divisions previously in existence are transferring now assemb
Code sections among themselves in some cases, but their basic structure probi1
will not be further chlianged. .7
It is not planned to allocate the 22 sections ment of the employment, capital i nvesami
arbitrarily In pairs to the total industry divi- and production of American Industry. T
sions, but to group them according to their cover these major groups: All textile prac
size and affinity of problems, tion; leather and fur production and ma
The structure of the new divisions is In- facture; apparel manufacture.
dicatlve of the design in this group and The chemical division embraces not c
suggests the type of inter-Code coordination industries ranging from fertilizer to d
which is expected to result from the adminis- manufacture, but also all forms of pa
trative shifts. and rubber production.
The textile unit covers considerably more The total number of Codes here also is
than 100 Codes, representing an enormous seg- large, and so are the employment, itnv

Aviation Code
The National Recovery Administration has
announced its approval of a Code of fair com-
petition for the $50,000,000 commercial avia-
tion industry. The Code becomes effective
September 10.
In his letter notifying President Roosevelt
of the Code's approval, the National Re-
covery Administrator said the "direct effect
of this Code is found in the organization of
a hitherto unorganized industry toward the
utilization of its full productive capacity.
Elimination of unfair trade practices and
destructive competitive methods should in-
crease in volume of business."

Wage Scale Stands, Says NRA

Industrial Appeals Board

Exemption Given to Two Companies Because Majority
Members Agree Upon Minimum Provision

The Industrial Appeals Board has recom-
mended that the applications of the Eldred
Crushed Stone Co., Eldred, Ill., and the
Staunton Tie and Lumber Co., Jerseyville,
Ill., for exemption from the minimum wage
provisions of the Cruched Stone, Saud aud
Gravel, and Slag Industry Code be denied.
This is the third recommendation rendered
by the board. The first two were recom-
mendations made immediately effective by
the adminisitration, and in favor of the appli-
The wage scale has been agreed upon by
the overwhelming majority of prroducers",
the board said in its recommendation, and
the granting of an exemption to these ap-
pellants might undermine the entire stand-
ards of minimum wage rates provided for in
the Code, without producing any general
public benefitt"
The Ioanlrd in its recnmmrindation-i recog-
nized that the -plight of the applicants is
appalling", but emphasized there is no in-
dication that the Code can be held responsi-
ble for the condition.
Text of Recommendation
The text of the board's recommendation
follows: Industrinl Appeals Board, appeal of
Eldred Crushed Stone Co. and Staunton Tie
and Lumber Co. Crushed Stone, Sand and
Gravel, and Slag Industries Code (No. 109),
Recoiimrennlntion No. 3
The appellants arc operators of plants in
the crushed stone, sand and gravel, and slag
industries A petition was originally filed
by 25 quarry owners seeking exemption n from
the applicable mininumn wage rate provided
by the Code. This petition was denial by
the Code Authority and by the Assistant
Deputy Administrator. On July 17, 11,34. an
appeal was filed with this board, and on
Auglst S, 1031, a hearing was held thereon
at which time two of the applicants aprcoa'rel
in person and *t third filed a tateienit.
At the hearing before this board. nas well
as at the previn. h lienrings, it wnas anr'ured
on behalf of the petitioners that their busi-
np s.eS wore linildopertd- i'plaint,. which
could not pay the same minimum wages as
the "-mnchine-nperated" plants. winch only

require about oue-seventh of the number of
employees per ton produced. Nineteen of the
twenty-five origin.,l lietitioners were from Dis-
trict No. 9, in which there appears tu be from
500 to 60q producers, not more than 100 of
whom have an output in excess of 25.000O
tons .pert year. 'he remainder tire of the
same general its most of the petitioners.
Some of the petitioners have highly mecia.
nized plants. One has a plaint with a ca-
pacity of approximately. 75,u00 tons per year.
It appears that there is no clear uine of
denialrcati on between haunI- and machine-
operated plauts. All plants use some ma-
chinery.; all plants use some hand labor.
Any definition designed to catalog plants in
oue or the other of thle two categories would
apparently Ie extremely dith-ult to ad-
minis-iter i nd aighlt lead "to abuses The tes-
til[ony given iby the two alppi-Illants who put
in Ir'onual aIppcar;1L te' sliow-di that tIhe
plant of one is engaged in ,peratine n deposit
which contains more than the usual amount
of impurities and waste materials: that the
other produces as a major product agricul-
tural limestone which is generally put on
the market as a byproduct.
The plight of the appellants who are
threatened through ecnonomice forces with the
necessity of having to close their plants is
appealing. There is no indication, however,
that this conditlou wvas brought about by the
Cole. The ,rvieneu'? given by one of the
petitioners himself shows that even in 193:.
when his waze rnte was one-half of the
minimum scele now in effect under the Code.
lie wrs unablle to coprrlete. It is doubtful
that the exeniptlons ,soughlit would be suifi-
cient to enable rniny of the petitioners to
meet the competition to their business. We
are forced to tlhe conclusion that nany of
them are, in reality, operating plants nand
deposits whlii'lch, for inlherent reasons, cannot
compete Cu-,ce'-.fully withr other more efficient
plants in thie inriitry. Tie waice scale has
heln ;zrcledr upon lIy thie >rwlv'vrlnng ma-
jnrity rif prodluier., c nn il ihe grnnting of an
exemniptiri n to tlhei'-e a pplantIs nir aht il-_er.
mine tilo nrtire strrinlanrI-; of nmir~idlmu wne
rates provided for i thie C-ole. without prr,.
during any general public hbenflt



ment, ands production fgures. 'i-V'a
The grouping in the utility division "itj
based not only on relationship of servlceat.'r
dered by the industries involved, but alsbib'.
the extra-Code regulation of these Indust." e
by Federal and State Governments. Thus',th
entire question of Code relation to public.
supervised employing groups is placed ni.$n
a single direction. .
The majority of the Codes in this division
still are unapproved proposals of Idustrgl,
which await an ultimate determinationn,';
policy. They cover power and light,.._
water distribution industries; telephone, tM.s
graph, and radio communication: high'Wa
air, and water transportation. The Codes.'
the finance industries also may be lodged.-n
this division. .'
In the transfers of Code groups, person
has been left intact wherever possible..
in cases of Codes not previously atb
-nt tj10 olfde~--f
In the main. the tnen wth tie.oa's..
ence in each particular line remain' aaVya
to the industries with which they hlave'a'
dentaling right along, minimizing delays1
handling Code questions. .
Each week there will be published in',el
Blue Eagle a chart describing the grouping
of allied industries. .V"

Knit Workers |
The NRA has announced that an empldiyq
in the knitted outerwear industry may -ntI
determine the minimum pay of a pieceworker'
by averaging the wages for 2 or more weeks
Regardless of the employee's actual earnnigd
in any 1 week, the wage payment must be'4tW
least the minimum of $14 established by thej
Code. ,-i
The case cited was that of an employee "
whose piecerate earnings for 1 week was $-i
for 40 hours' work, but whose earnings th&:lt
next week amounted to only $12. The NRi
was asked to pass upon the right of the ei',
player to "average" the earnings of the.::1'2
weeks in determining- whether the employee--
was receiving the minimum wage. ".
The ruling of the Administration was that,
"each wpel;'s earnings of an employee shall"
he considered Iniepedlently, and without ref;-
erence to any other week's earnings "; ani'd
that if a piecework employee fails to produce
enough work in any 1 week to result in ear f.M
ings equal to or greater than the minimuinm
wares specified in the Cpde, the differei'*e
between the wages actually earned and 'tle
minimum wages must be paid by the erm-in2
ployer to the employee. ".-M

New Code Groupings ,
Chart-Chemicals '.
[See page 81 "

The National Recovery Administra-
lion is realining its Code groupings ,
to conform to a new fundamental
classification of all industries and
trades. To give those interested a
complete picture of this plan the Blue "
Eagle will publish charts showing the
relationship of one industry to an-
olher. In this issue on page 8 will be
found the chart outlining the Chemical A
Division. '
In the issue of the Blue Eagle of
August 27 there was printed the chart
of the Textile Division.

Effective Enforcement of Codes Agreement Aids Marine Equipment

i Requires Time Shingle Trade Code Approved

4ount Taylor, Chairman Ice Code Authority, Pleads with
,: Industry to Put into Effect New Recovery Laws
with Same Regard Given Other Statutes

. Mount Taylor, chairman of the Code Au-
thority for the Ice ludustry, believes that
business conditions are changing so rapidly
that the "march of time is being measured
ii months instead of years." He states that
%fie happenings are so rapid that "men's
ijusiness vision and judgment" are daily put
tb test.
:' He says: "Men accept with patience the
necessary delays in the enforcement of ordi-
nary iew laws, but for some unaccountable
reason seem to expect this one to be different.
Inthe.course of our work here we have seen
pen go literally mad over the delay of a
few months in the legal enforcement of a
Code provision which meant only a few hun-
dred dollars to them, while at the same time
they were accepting with stoic patience a de-
lay of years in the enforcement of a civil
Ouilt In court which meant thousands of dol-
lars to them.
K;"Administrative and judicial machinery and
iprocedure for handling our ordinary criminal
and civil laws have been well established
Ver the years. Machinery and procedure for
the administration and enforcement of Code
laws are less than a year old. And yet If a
criminal burns my house and it takes 2 years
Ito enforce the law against him, I think noth-
ieg of it, but if my ice competitor takes one
bf my customers In violation of a provision
of this new Ice Code and the law Is not en-
forced against this violatorin 60 days, I raise
W:.rumpus with everybody from the secretary
of theiCommittee of Arbitration and Appeal
to the President of the United States. I
wear the Code is no good, that it cannot be
eaforced, that the Government has broken
Lt promise, and I withdraw my support from
and severely criticize the very agencies who
tire trying to help me and who must continue
E0 fight the case if I am to be given the relief
which enforcement will bring.
C Code Provisions Are New Law
"What every ice man should and what
Miome are apparently falling to realize Is this:
T'he provisions of the Ice Code are new laws.
They must, insofar as enforcement through
the courts is concerned, be administered by
The process of law, and this takes time.
Spme of these Code provisions may be thrown
6at by the courts. Others will undoubtedly
'pheld and retained. But at present they
Mall a part of the laws of our country. The
government of the United States, the great-
t,country on earth, Is behind them. They
ie in line with the declared policy of our
greaident. They cannot be laughed off or
19'hfly ignored without ultimate serious con-
r'-: Permissive Features of Code
!' "One of the basic principles of the whole
.Qde program is that of industrial self-gov-
irnment. We have been slow to appreciate
and utilize the permissive features of our
Code. Instead of exercising our own initia-

[ Term of Sales

', For Soft Drink Equipment
:.NRA has approved regulations of the Code
Authority for the bottled soft drink industry
'.to govern terms and conditions of sale of by industry members, it was an-
^l.nounced -
-:. Coolers, Ice boxes, refrigerators, or other
equipment for bottled soft drinks, sold for
Ss..I25 or less, may not be sold on terms more
favorablee than 20 percent down and 20 per-
A :.cent monthly. On sales of more expensive
equipment, the down payment must be at
.,least 10 percent and the monthly payments
i! at least 5 percent. These terms apply to both
new and used equipment. No equipment may
Is..e sold below cost.
0."-'" The regulations will become effective Sep-
):tember 3.

SReduces Builders'
I "Floor Costs"
Le':... (Continued from page II
contract existing on the date of the order.
,'However, all contracts with terms up to or
"'through November 1 shall be filed, within 15
days, with the Code Authority.
., Under provisions of the administrative
I: order, the minlmunm overhead costs on build-
.,'ers' supplies sold in earload, hargeload, or
less-than-carload quantities, f.o.b. siding or
dock, where no trucking is involved, is now
set at 12f. percent of the cost of such mer-
chandise. On portland cement, the charge
allotted is 71' percent of the cost; and on
Small other cement, 10 percent.
Where trucking is involved,. the order pro-
vides a sliding scale of percentages for the
industry's nine geographical divisions, rang-
lug from 25 percent In District No. 1, em-
h. bracing the Northeastern Atlantic States; to
84 percent in District No. 3, including the
States of Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia,
S Indiana, and Illinois.

tive and making use of the self-control priv-
ileges of the Code, we have been much In-
cdined to 'go tell teacher-to sit down and
cry to the Government to make Johunie
"The Government is trying to make John-
nie behave, but It is a slow process, andi In
many Instances the Industry could do It much
more quickly and effectively. With an Intelli-
gent and aggressive use of the self-govein-
ment privileges which the Code offers, there Is
little excuse for allowing one or two recalci-
trant operators to wreck an entire market
or for allowing two or three madmen to de-
stroy each other and muddy the waters in an
entire area.
"But the effective use of these permissive
features of the Code requires work-Intelli-
gent, persistent, and aggressive effort. It
would be easier if Uncle Sam would do this
for you, but he cannot do it nearly so quickly
or effectively as you.
"Codes cannot remove the hazards of busi-
ness or take the place of business initiative.
'God helps those who help themselves.' No
Code can save your business and make money
for you. It can help you. It can be used as
a valuable tool, but you must exercise the
Initiative and the intelligence to use it. And
by this we mean use It yourself and not wait
for the Government to use It for you."

Jewish Holidays

for Fur Workers
Fur manufacturers and their employees
may take time off to celebrate the five Jewish
holidays that fall within the next 4 weeks,
without actual loss of any time, NRA has an-
Worried over the prospect of having their
production programs broken, members of the
industry, through their Code Authority, di-
rected the attention of the NRA to the loss
of time that most certainly would be reg-
istered unless a special dispensation were
The following holidays have been granted:
September 10, 11, and 19. The time lost on
these 3 days may be made up on September
1, 8, and 15.
It was added that those members who, be-
cause of religious reasons, do not wish to
work on Saturdays, may, upon written ap-
plication to the Code Authority, be permitted
to work on the following Sundays, Septem-
ber 2, 9, and 16.
Time lost by those joining in observance
of the holidays known as the Feast of the
Tabernacle. September 24, 25. and October 1.
may be made up on the next succeeding
Saturday or Sunday, on special application
to the Code Authority.

Limitation of Canadian Imports
Greatly Benefits American Man-
ufacturers, Says C. E. Putman,
Pacific Coast Dealer

NRA's action In procuring a voluntary limi-
tation of Canadian shingle exports to the
United States has greatly benefited the Amer-
Iran shingle manufacturer who "has been
forced to operate on a continually over-sup-
plied market and received no protection what-
ever for over 20 years", according to a letter
received by the Administration from a Seattle
In July the National Recovery Administra-
tion announced an agreement with Canadian
manufacturers of red-cedar shingles to volun-
tarily limit their e-ports to this country to
an amount equal to 25 percent of domestic
consumption as estimated, for stated inter-
vals for the domestic industry, by the Code
Authority. The action, it was stated, was
taken by the Canadian producers with a view
to cooperate with the recovery program in
the United States.
The text of the letter from C0. B. Putmnan,
Coast Cedar Sbhingle Co., Seattle, Wash.,
"It is gratifying, Indeed, to receive your
good letter of August 16 advising the Ca-
nadian shingle Imports are actually on a
quota basis and have been since June 22,
I think that we can speak for the indus-
try In expressing our thanks to you and your
branch of the Government for giving us this
"There is a small group of large mills who
felt that the Canadian percentage should be
held to a smaller figure, but these mills do
not represent the industry; in fact, they rep-
resent the small group that was removed
from the control of the Washington-Oregon
Shingle Association at the annual meeting in
late June.
It is safe to say that by far the large ma-
jority of the American shingle manufacturers
are well pleased with this control over Ca-
nadian shingle imports, and there is a general
feeling that the 75/25 basis is fair enough.
The American consumer must be considered,
and there are times when the demand ex-
ceeds the capacity of the American mills.
Should there at any time be occasion to
change this percentage, a sliding scale should
be a fair basis: The Canadian percentage
might be reduced to as low as 20 percent on
a low market and increased to as high as 50
percent when there is a buying wave.
"We in the shingle business have had no
protection whatever for over 20 years and
have been forced to operate on a continually
over-supplied marketL. The inequalities of the
Shingle Code have been almost entirely re-
moved: and, with this control over Canadian
shingle imports, we now have what I believe
to be one of the model Codes under the NRA."

Canners Adopt Labels that Plainly

Define Package Contents

Special Committee Opposes Any System Similar to "A-B-C"
Grade Because It Does Not Insure Consumer
Proper Information of Goods

The special committee designated by the Canning Industry and approved
by the Administrator for the formulation of standards of quality for products
of the Canning Industry has made the following report:

"Better and more information on the
labels of canned foods was proposed by the
canning Industry committee, appointed in
pursuance of President Roosevelt's order in
connection with the Canners' Code. This
committee discussed a new approach to the
labeling problem by which there would be
placed on labels descriptive Information as
will enable consumers to buy more intelli-
"At the same time the committee ex-
pressed the Industry's definite disapproval of
the so-called 'A-B-C' or any other similar
grading-labeling system.
"The Industry's opposition to any system
of grades similar to the 'A-B-C' grading-
labeling system is based on the fact that a
single symbol or grade designation does
not furnish the consumer with the informa-
tion as to the various individual characteris-
tics of the product which enter into her
choice of a food. The industry is convinced
from Its experience that such a grading-label-
ing system would not be enforceable and
believes its adoption would in consequence of
false labeling result In a situation more
hurtful than helpful to the consumer. A fur-
ther serious objection Is that such a grading-
laheling system would, through competition,
create a tendency to reduce the quality of its
products to the minimum of a grade.

Use Descriptive Labels
"On the other hand, the descriptive label-
ing proposed by the canners contemplates the
use of specific terms descriptive of individual
cliaracteristics as 'tiny', 'small', 'medium',
or large' to describe size; 'very tender',
' tender ', 'mellow ', or firm to describe tex-
ture; 'cut', 'whole', 'sliced ', pitted ', un-
pitted ', 'peeled ', 'unpeeled ', etc., to describe
style of pack ; unsweetened ', 'light sirup',
'medium sirup', or heavy sirup' to describe
sugar content; names of varieties where
these are significant to consumer; number of
pieces or servings or volume of contents in
common terms such as cupfuls.
"The accuracy of these terms, It is pro-
posed, will be assured by the adoption of a
standard vocabulary clearly defined by physi-
cal tests.
"' The industry is convinced that such defi-
nite word pictures on the outside of the can
will enable the housewife to buy canned foods
with more complete knowledge than would
be furnished by an 'A-B-O' grade symbol
and also with more knowledge of the prod-
uct inside the can."
In order to cooperate with the Industry,
the administration has extended the time for
making a rel.Port to tie President from the
original period of 00 days by giving the com-
mittee an additional 380 days.

Number of Employees in Industry
Already Has Increased 33 %
Over Previous Year

Approval of a Code of fair competition for
the $5.000.000 marine .lulpment industry has
been announced by the National Recovery
Administrator. The Code becomes effective
September 6.
Approval was conditioned, however, upon
the following provisos: That provisions of
article X. Insofar as they prescribe a wait-
ing period between the fling with the Code
Authority and the effective date of revised
price lists or revised terms and conditions
of sale, are stayed ; that provisions of article
X, section 5, be stayed pending further
order; that operation of all the provisions
of the Code be stayed as to all parties sub-
ject thereto insofar as they may apply to
the products of the gray iron foundry in-
dustry, the nonferrous foundry industry, and
the electrical manufacturing industry, dur-
ing a period of 60 days, during which time
the Code Authorities of the latter and the
marine equipment industries shall seek
through conferences to adjust their differ-
ences regarding the definition of this Code.
In 1933 the Administrator reported to Pres-
Ident Roosevelt, the industry, which com-
prises approximately 50 firms, employed
about 1,000 people. Since adoption of the 40-
hour week, as provided in the Code, employ-
ment had increased to 1,500 persons in July
1934, a gain of approximately 83 percent.
Managerial employees are exempted from
the 40-hour maximum week. During sea-
sonal periods, a tolerance of 48 hours in any
26-week period is permitted. Shipping em-
ployees may work 10 hours a day, but are
limited to 80 hours in any 2 weeks' period.
Time and a half will be paid for all hours in
excess of 8 hours a day and 40 hours a week
worked by shipping employees, who may be
paid at the regular rate for 44 hours a week.
Watchmen may work 56 hours a week.
The rate of 40 cents an hour is established
as a minimum wage for males and females,
except in the southern area, where 32%
cents an hour will be the minimum.

Change Dress

Label Prices
The 'National Recovery Administration
today announced It had authorized the Code
Authority for the dress manufacturing in-
dustry to put into effect the prices for labels
as shown in the following schedules:
Price Lines of Dresses

Up to Up to Up to
and I- and In. an in- Above
eluding eluding eluding $12.71
$3.75 $6.76 $12.76

Label prices (per
New York_.... $4.00 $8 00 $12.00 $15.00
IndusLrlal Ad-
justment Agen-
cy outside New
York Difleren-
tlal S2.00_.._ 6.00 1000 14.00 18.
Flat prices for labels of $4 per thousand
to manufacturers in New York City and $6
per thousand to manufacturers outside New
ork are now being charged.

"Break and Take"

An official Interpretation of the "break and
take" or "pick and draw" packages of con-
fectionery, prohibited since August 1 under
the Wholesale Confectionery Industry Coda
has been announced by the NRA.
The interpretation follows:
"Any merchandise which is prepared or
comblued for sale or distribution to the ulti-
mate consumer through any method Involy-
ing lottery or an element of chance, such Al
the color-center method, the different price
within the wrapper method, the punch-board
method, the push-card method, the method
whereby letters on the wrapper explain the
particular name of the article, is merchandise
of a Like character serving the same purpose
as the type of merchandise commonly re-
ferred to as "break and take", "pick", and
" draw ", and the sale or distribution thereof
is prohibited by the provision of rule 21 of
article VIII, of the Code of Fair Competition
for the Wholesale Confectioners Trade."

"' When child labor Is re-established and
the minimum wage is abolished, then WO
may say definitely that the NRA has failed
completely. If these two remain, no matter
what else falls, we shall have made some ad-
vance.' This remark Is clipped from 8*
recent discussion of national recovery opera,
tions. It Is worth noting."-Neiw OrlWA,
La., Item.

I .. '.. K.*:.:...*; ...^ a


r t~


Reappointment of three members of the
National Sheltered Workshops Committee for
a 6-month term has been announced by the
National Recovery Administration. They
are Col. John N. Smith, Jr., director of the
Institute for Crippled and Disabled, New
York; Edward Hochhauser, president of
Altro Workshops, New York; and Rev. John
SO'Grady, secretary of the National Confer-
enee of Catholic Charities, Washington.
SThese three were appointed In May for a 3-
month term.
The other members of the committee, ap-
lpointed at the same time for original 6-mouth
terms, are Oscar M. Sullivan, president of
the National Rehabillitation Association, St.
Paul; Oliver A. Friedman, director of'the
Milwaukee Goodwill Industries; and Peter J.
Salmon, secretary of the Industrial Home
for the Blind, New York.
On March 3 the National Recovery Ad-
ministrator granted "sheltered workshops"
(charitable institutions conducted not for
r profit but to provide remunerative employ-
ment for physically, mentally, or socially
handicapped workers) conditional exemption
from Codes of fair competition. Sub-
Bequently, on May 11, the National Sheltered
Workshop Committee was appointed to "' pro-
vide for the design and use of an appropriate
insignia" and administer the terms of a
pledge to be signed as a condition of ex-
emPtion from the Codes. Since then, the
committee has been occupied with organiza-
tion, collecting statistics of the operations
of such workshops, and drafting special NRA
Insignia for their use.
Completed questionnaires and signed
pledges have been received from 85 "sheltered
workshops." In these institutions there are
S7,0.75 handicapped workers employed, 4.653
of whom are paid an aggregate weekly wage
.of $563.42. The other 2,381 workers are in
Institutions for the socially handicapped and
are not paid wages but are gihen training
and maintenance.


Canning and Packing Ma-
chinery, and Equipment
FACTS.-Article Xl, section (c) of the
Canning and Packing Machinery and Equip-
m'ent Industry provides that the following
sall constitute an act of unfair competition
Within the meaning of and penalties set forth
in Paragraph (Wi of section 3 of the National
Recovery Act "granting the secret payment
or allowance of rebates, refunds, commis-
sions, credits, or unearned discounts, whether
In the form of money or otherwise, or the
secret extension to certain purchasers of
aPcil Services or privileges not extended to
a Pirchlasers on like terms and conditions."
QUESTION. -Would it be a violation of
article XI section (e) for a member of the
aanngnnd Pakn" orammero h
Canningad Packing Machinery and Equip-
nent Industry to place on trial with one of
his customers a product of the Industry?
RULINGI.-It Is ruled that article XI, sec-
tion (c) d% .s not prohibit a member of the
Industry frrum placing on trial with one of
is e"stomers a product of the industry.

Recent Trend in theRubber Tire Manufacturing Industr

Statistical Charts from
Division of Research
and Planning

The chart "Recent Trend in the
Rubber Tire Manufacturing Indus-
try", in the adjoining columns is a
valuable index to production, employ-
ment, wages, hours, stocks, and ship-
ments, and prices.
Each week there appears in the
Blue Eagle a similar chart touching
upon different phases of the work of
the National Recovery Administration.
The chart presented on trends in
the Rubber Tire Manufacturing Indus-
try is of special interest on account of
its indication of the current situation
in the industry. It is also an excellent
illustration of the work of a well-
organized industrial association in the
development of an adequate statistical
program for the purpose of revealing
the current economic movements in
the industry. It is the sort of sta-
tistical data which meets the needs of
a Code Authority in dealing with eco-
nomic problems arising under the
Code and at the same time serves
to give the Division of Economic Re-
search and Planning as well as the
Administrator of NRA the necessary
background information required for
an intelligent consideration of prob-
lems and proposals arising out of
Code administration.

Sheltered Shop


Chart Prepared Exclusively for the Blue Eagle by the Statistical Section of the Division of Research and Planning of NRA

The basic trend in the rubber tire manufacturing industry may be analyzed most readily by means of indexes for th.i.
four operating items shown in the central portion o7 the chart. The production index is a composite of the production.'
of pneumatic casings, inner tube, and solid or cushion tires, expressed in terms of the leaverage for 1929. These data.
are currently collected by the Rubber Manufacturers' Association; they have been adjusted to the Census of Manufac.?
tures and expressed as aggregates of equivalent units (the equivalent units being one casing seven tubes, and one-fourt
solid) before reduction to index number form. Employment is represented by the Bureau of Labor Statistics Index, ali
adjusted to the Census of Manufactures. The employment series is considerably more stable thau the production se
and assumes the position of a sort of normal" with respect to it. It follows that there must be a seasonal movement.u
the average hours worked per week, and this may be verified by reference to the appropriate series in the upper sectionSf
the chart. .
Pay rolls also are represented by the Bu- Recovery Administration. Except for this The cost of materials series is derived from^
reau of Labor Statistics Index adjusted to the recent period, average weekly wages are data on prices and consumption of erua_
Census of Manufactures. It is evident that more dependent upon the number of hours rubber and tire fabrics. Data on quantities.
pay rolls fell off more rapidly than either pro- worked than upon the hourly wage rate, be- of these materials consumed is currentD
ductlon or employment on the decline and re- cause of the greater amplitude of fluctua- collected by the Rubber Manufacturers' Aa..
covered somewhat more rapidly on the up- lion in that series. The effect of the Na- sociation; price quotations may be obtained.
swing, though not sufficiently to make up the tional Recovery Administration upon aver- from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, WhoIei-!
whole of the loss relative to those series. The age hours in this industry is strikingly pre- sale Prices. Current prices are applied to cur:
changed position of pay roils relative to em- seated by this chart. There was a consider- rent consumption, and the cost figures there-.;
ployment is approximately the decline In the able upward Jump in average hours per week fore represent replacement and not original
average weekly wage, also portrayed in the when output was being 'expanded in anticipa- or actual costs. The assumption underlying
upper section of the chart. tion of the regulatory measures; after the this isL that The effect of manufacturing
The man-hours series may be derived from effective date, they again declined to around operations may be entirely separated from".
either employment or pay rolls by means of the previous low level, and thereafter the the effect of changes in the value of rawv
the data on hours and wage rates. It is normal pre-code relationships seem to have material inventories; of course, some carry'.".
clear that man-hours also have fallen off been reestablished. The average weekly Wage Ing of raw materials should be considered a
relatively to production and employment, series shows a fluctuation similar to that of part of normal operations, but the rubber
presumably because of increased efficiency the average hours per week, though in the manufacturers have built up huge inveny a
or improved technique. The increase in the last year the increase due to average hourly tories of crude rubber in excess of this re-,
average spread between the man-hours anl wages is apparent. quirement for two reasons. First, the y:
the production indexes is a measure of this In the lower section of the chart are learned a costly lesson In the middle of the,
tendency. The changes in man-hours rela- several series of movie direct interest to the twenties; for when the restriction of exports
tive to employment are more directly pre- industry from the managerial standpoint. from producing countries was successful
sented In terms of the fluctuations of the Stocks and shipments are shown in aggre- they were caught without adequate supplies
average hours per week series. A final cown- gates of equivalent units, the equivalent and prices sky-rocketed Second with the,
prison of the movements of these basic units being the same as those used in the extremely low prices of the early thirties,:t
series Is facilitated by the average hourly production index. Shipments fluctuate above it was felt that the price of crude rubber.'
wage series, which measures the changes in and below production according as stocks must advance and large holdings were ac'
pay rolls relative to man-hours. decrease or increase. The total inventory on cumulated In anticipation of the rise. Con-i'.
The three series in the upper section of the hand Is on the average more than twice the siderable profits are accruing from thias
chart are data published by the Bureau of average monthly production or shipments. source, but no account of these are taken on
Labor Statistics. Previous to 1132. when The extraordinary increase in shipments in the chart. The difference between the value.
these daa are not available, the National June 1932, was due to the Federal sales tax per unit and the cost of materials represents t
Industrial Conference Board data have been which became effective in July of that year. the value added by the manufacturing andg
used, some minor adjustments being neces- The series on tire prices is derived from distributing (as distinguished from thq.
sary to assure continuity with the former the Bureau of Labor Statistics Index by speculative) operations. In recent monthr4
series. It Is apparent that the trend of setting the average for 1931 equal to the this margin has been narrowing consistently1
hourly wage rates in the depression was average value per equivalent unit in 1931, and is smaller at present than at any other;
downward untU lthe advent of the National according to the Census of Manufactures, time In the period covered by the chart.

Act Against Style

Style pirates operating In the millinery
and dress trimmuing braid and textile in-
dustry hereafter are to be considered sub-
ject to the penn ties prescribed for violations
of a Code -.f f:tr competition. The National
Recovery Amimmistration has announced Its
approval of a plan of procedure for the reg
istration of style patterns, whereby the copy-
ing and offering for sale of any style pattern
or style design originated ly another manu-
facturer, within 6 months of the date of
registry with the Millinery and Dress Trim-

mings Braid and Textile Association, with
the effect of injuring the industry or cus-
tomers or consumers, shall be an unfair trade
practice and prohibited.
The plan of procedure provides for the fil-
ine of a sample of the design, and the register-
ing of the name and address of the owner.
The executive secretary of the association
will then conduct an Investigation to deter-
mine whether the applicant is entitled to
In the.event the applicant is not satisfied
with the findings of the secretary, he will
be given opportunity to bring his case before
a board of arbitration of three members, one
representing the Code Authority, one repre-
senting the applicant, and the third rO be the
administration member of the authority. The
decision of the board must be reached within
7 days.

Code Authority Budgets and';
Bases of Contribution
Fabricated Metal Products Manufacturing and.
Metal Finishing and Metal Coating Industry; Stci
entitled Apparatus Industry: Steel Plate Fabricat;,
Ing Industry; Fertilizer Manufacturlug IndustryI'..
Plumbing Contracting Division of the Construction
Industry; Mrchandise Warehousing Trade; fn"r.
Dressing and Fur Dyeing Industry; Oxy Acetylene
Industry: Shoe and Leather Finish, Polish and
Cement Manufacturing Industry; Commercial Re-
lief Printing Industry, Division No. A-1 of the'.;
Graphic Arts Industries, and Zones 16 and 17.;
Handkerchief Industry; Drop Forging Industry;.
Bnlue Crab Industry; Household Ice Refrilgerator
Industry: Special Tool, Dipe and Machine Shop In-
dustry, Metal Lath Manufacturlng Industry; In-
dustrral Furnace Manufacturing Infidustry ; Adver-
tising Typography Industry, Division No. D-3 of:
the Graphic Arts Industries; Automatic Sprinkler
Industry ; Private Home Study School Industry.



)An.-m'fltii" SCHEDULE OF HEARINGS, SEPT. 5 TO SEPT. 17 Automobile Code


Referred to in box on page 1, column 2)

I-'The following resumn6 covers cases
iON arising under NRA.
1b:. CO. v. WATSEK ET AL., D.C.
hi.: Oreg., No. E-9397, Jan. 24, 1934.
K|" (McNary, D.J.)
S Plaintiff, n lumber producer on the
; west cost, having a contract for de-
i *, livering electric energy byproducts
S of its mill and wood pulp, pulp chipe,
II and hog fuel, from which large reve-
n. ues would be derived, applied to
W ,:. the west coast committee on lumber
| .. production to increase quota allotted
r under the Lumber Code. The Code
Authority's ruling denying the plain-
t; iff's application was upheld, but
p penalties enforceable against It
under the act were suspended pend-
II.. ing further investigation on the con-
tr. -. stitutionallty of the penalties ($500
t a dny).
S Fed. Supp. 818, D.C. E.D. Tenn.,
Oct. 21, 1933. (Taylor, D.J.)
-i An employee, claiming he was dis-
-'x. charged because an NRA Code forced
S1 his employer to decrease production,
S is not entitled to an Injunction re-
W." straining his employer from abiding
I by and the United States attorney
S from enforcing the Code. The Code
,. did not expressly or of necessity in-
Sfringe upon plaintiff's rights.
D, N.J., April 1934. (Foreman,
3 D.J.)
= The defendant pleaded guilty to a
,: charge of violating the Code of fair
-. + Taheideendant peadeds gult tom ap
competition for the Rayon Silk Dye-
ing and Printing Code by operating
machinery in excess of time ap-
.=... proved by the Code and was fined
$1,000. (No written opinion.)
L:? 1 D., NJ., Apr. 27, 1934. (Foreman,
S 1 D.J.)
%? The defendant pleaded guUity to an
information filed by the United
States district attorney, the first five
counts of which charged it with vio-
lating the Code of fair competition
for the Rayon Silk Dye and Printing
Industry by operating machinery In
excess of time approved by the Code.
S In the remaining six counts It was
alleged the company employed its
workers overtime in violation of the
Code. The company was fined $90
on each of the first five counts and
$50 each on the remaining six, total-
ing $750.
In imposing the fine Judge Foreman
warned that a repetition of the of-
fenses would receive no considera-
tion of leniency from the court.
= April 1934. (Letts, D.J.)
:. The defendant pleaded guilty to an
information filed by the United
". States district attorney in which vio-
ln ]tion for 3 days of the machine
hours limitation of the Cotton Tex-
its- tile Code was charged. A fine of
: $500 per day was imposed. (No
.. written opinion.)
S TEXAS ET AL., 5 Fed. Supp. 633
'f .*. (D.C. E.D. Tex., Feb. 12. 1934.
Three-judge court.) (Hutcheson,

$(. Orders of the Texas railroad com-
ni.!.. mission limiting the production of
.Si. oil In the exercise of its statutory
powers to prevent waste are not void
'." on the tbeory that they were dlic-
lated by tlie Fedlertil oil adilainst ni-
,... tor. The commission's use of In-
p .-.. formation which has heen furnished
", by the Federal administration to the
c':.' commission as eviilence of market
dc-mand did not cou-stitute a dele-
gantlon by the commission of Its stat-
i utory powers to Federal agents.
The three-judge court, convened on
the application for nn Interlocutory
I."* injunction agilns't the enforcement
:.. of the commission's oridlers, did not
*. have jurisdiction of a cause of nc-
:.!l tion joined with that against the
State officers, by which it was sought
.' to enjoin Federal agents from en-
,.': forcing regulations promulgated un-
:. der the N.I.R.A. and the Petroleum
Code. The court's jurisdiction of
S.' the cause of action aeninst the Stnte
'. officers d(lid not carry with it juris-
L dirctlon of the separate and distinct
cause of action against the Federal
,', tat.
LEUM CORP. ET AL., C.C.A. 5th,
May 22, 1934. (Sibley, Circuit J.)
In a suit to enjoin the enforcement

. : .. ... *

of section 9 (c) of the N.I.R.A. pro-
hibiting the production or with-
drawal from storage of oil in excess
of amounts allowed under State laws
and to enjoin the enforcement of the
Petroleum Code Issued pursuant to
said act, the petroleum administra-
tor is not a necessary party, since
he dues not do or threaten to do the
acts complained of. He would, how-
ever, be a proper party if within the
court's jurisdiction.
Oil production is either mining or
manufacturing, neither of which is
ordinarily interstate commerce. But
under peculiar circumstances, such
as here exist, oil production may so
burden such commerce as to justify
congressional regulation. The regu-
lation of production by the State is
assumed to be valid, and the Federal
action is designed to aid tile State
action. Such cooperating is desir-
able. Nor is there any denial of due
process under the fifth amendment,
since the State action has already
been upheld by the courts ,tiilnder the
fourteenth amendment.
Regulations I'V and VII, adopted
pursuant to section 10 1a) of the
anet, provillng for monthly state-
lelt-lt., niii for the ins-pection of
oo];.s. arel it'ressary iln order to fol-
low rthe inlerstite flow of oil. No
hii hlit-tini-at will lie itnless there hlas
been a violation of the Code in in-
testterte -OLcir-Ir'n.', mid iuinct' erich
c'1.e depends upron Its own facts
there i-i no groumil upon wbich to
isaue' it blanket injunction against
the enforeiiitnt of tic ('Coide.
There Is no Invalidl delegation of
lcgirliative power to the I'-r'sltlett,
iIor to the petrolricint i iltii tiitor,
anor to Lhe. iiilu.-istriil groi-i)p which
fornirithed It. T'itls tr-it coMilil
Oiil.V tie li'ri-ihlitl. inl it ws is
his a'pr'ovil of litv Cil s'which gave
it force annd ieff'octi. Tlhe Code is a
legplit ive novelty.
RIegilatifns riolntlhe to reports nnd
lispeft'liolI of r 'colrlIs ri o not iolnte
the fourLth and fi fth anmendmenuts
since theiLr purpose is to oLtaitui in-
fornmition for purpose other than
prosec-Ltiton. Tlhe cnatte is rentanded
with ins.tructIous to dissolve the in-
AL., D.C. E.D. Texas, Feb. 26, 1934.
(Bryant, D.J.)
The Petroleum Code, insofar as It
proshled" for the "subdivlslon into
pool i n0i.l or Ii 'ae lad o" well qniotas
of tile produ-ltion within n StatP of
crtule oil allocation to hI,' Stite, ilnd
reguilntions 4. 5. 6, 7, anild 12 piomul-
grtel b. y thie oil nilniinktlraition for
thle pturr'se of fier-itunttiig thie pro-
visions of UlP Ccode are uncons.titu-

tional and void because not author-
ized by the act. (Criminal case; in-
dictment quashed; no written opin-
ion; appeal pending in United States
Supreme Court.)
AL, v. ICKES, D.C. Sup. Ct., Eq.
No. 56024, Aug. 15, 1933. (Cox, J.)
In a motion for n preliminary in-
junction restraining the oil adminis-
trator from prohibiting, under sec-
tion 9 ic) of the N.I.R.A., the inter-
state shipnment of petroleum pro-
duced or withdrawn from storage in
violation of State laws it was held
that plaintiff had failed to establish
the unconstitutionality of that sec-
tion of the act. The Constitution
must bie re-ad in the light of the
fundamental concept of the necessity
for self-preservation driving the emer-
gency. A court may not control the
executive power of the President by
CAMP, D.C. N.D. Ga., Eq. No. 758,
May 18, 1934. (Underwood, D.J.)
Conipliluicit is not entitled to nn in-
junctiont to restrain u United States
attorney fit in enforcing article IV,
sct-tion ., of ie hosiery Curio, whitli
restrictsl the hours of operation of
procldutite tn:iicliinery. Since tIhe
eriinail pros isions of theli N.l.R.A.
are limited to transac'tiotis in anti
affi-cting intterstante commnierce, there
Is no question of the 'coustitution-
nlit.y of the exertion of this pswer if
dotnt te li i untintor nithorized by
the Constlttttioin. The delegation of
power to tile I'resident is not tin-
nithnorizeIl ior Contress haIs estih-
IIhioh u suificlent slatt larl, n.10or is
there an itnvsilil duleuanition to ainy
tr-ade or liidustrtil group, for the
President's act, not heirs, gives ef-
frct to thle Codes. There is no de-
niul of due process, for the Code is
not tinieaonshnilte, arbitrary, or en-
pricliouts. and. the menus selected
have a reasonable relation to the
end drlesirerl. Although the operation
of conplaiu.itit's krirtitz niciciinery
Is aci intrnatate process, it directly
i ffe.'-ts itti-rsttte coItinhierne in
which of the hlsiery indu114111stry
Is -nLa-ued i andl so) i, skiliject to cn-
gressional I rezuiatinn. Tlhe- emer-
gne-c'y niy c-(ianig' tlie chiiracter of
fn trni-iatiiolii ftoin one which nor-
nwilly afft'i-;is iuter'staite cniornrlrce
onlv inditei.1y to one which affects
it r,?atll\ :iil, dl irertl.v.
One of the i .llt'pirro l fI ilite anet is to
elintiim le iilllfa ir 'iiiiiii ritive prnc-
tii-es, niintl it is ilot i.lo\is,. I h lt the
nlent, n' sr-l'-te anl li- unrniasr ,imlily.
ndnalapileil to tiit encd. ('Conllihiitiint's
pre-sidiit. iit,'re'lvt-., in\od til te adop-
tion rf iirtile IV' of ithi. Colde, nund

.. .. .Extended 60 Days
Extended 60 Days'


September 5, 1934
Piano Manufacturing itl) (Ad] from 8-3-34).. Willard Hotel.......--........ Hooke........... Code Authority.
otonu Cloth Olove Manufacturing-......... Dopt Comm, 206i2-t14r....... FrdwrPi-........ c companieS
Cotton Cloth OGlove Manufacturing mini.- Dept. Comm 2062-64-....... Ertward-s ........ Cole Autbority.
mum pieLework ratest
Towboat Industry in Western Division of Investmenot Bidg Rm. b0i.. Weaver.--..... Boa, Operators of Columbia
United States (Columbia River Districti. River District.
Inland Water Corrner Trade In Western Invesnmeat BIdg, Rm fl3u.. Weaor-.......... Boat Operators of Columbia
Division of United Sitates. Rier Disilct.
Baking (tOit.................................. nHamilion Hotel.............- StanIky.......... 6 companies.
Meal Halt Die and Wood Hat Block (i).... Carlton Hotel...............L .n................. Code Authority.
September 6, 193-1
Dress Manufacturing ........................ Mayflower Doiel............ Edwards........ Dress Code A urhorihy
Har Manulacturing il' (l'--.................. \Wa'hlnpton Itelo.-.-------....- Edwards........ Code Authority
Rubber Manuhtdrging t ill)................. Dept. Comm 2Oli.......... Brrnsome----- n.agertsown Rubber Co., Inc
Radio Wnolesaiug 02' 2- rplanation. of Rileigh Hotel....-..---......... Crockard-.-. Divisional Code Authoity.
Divisional Code Autborily________ ________________ _________
September 7, 1931
Millinery (10) ------------------------- Willard Hoel........-- ..--... Edwards........ J. B Stet5on Co Phila-
delphia., nd Hat Corpora
tE-a of America.
Art Needlework (1) ...--......-- Dept. Comm r-i....... Coonley......... Code Autnurity.
Celluloid Button, Buckle, and Nov-lty Wasnington Hotel.....-- Edwrls....... Code Authority.
Manufacturing t1) (Adj, Irots 0-5-34).
Radiu Wholesaling (I l (4;.................. Raleigh Hoel............... Crohkard-.-.... Divisional Code Authority.
September 10, 1934
Merchant and Custom Tailoring ill)........ Dept Comm., 20,2-64-....... Carr..----------........ companies.
September 11, 1934
Importing (11)--- -- ---- City Club Bldg., Dlv. 4 Carr-.------. Rubber Trade Associat [on of
Corf Rm. New York Inc.
Wiring Device (13).--...------------------ Washington Hotel.--------- Cowling.. .-- National EiectTical Manu-
facturers Association.
Light Sewing Indusnry Except Oarmeots (I)." Dept. Comm.. "Ot-64----... Edwards........ Divisional committees.
September 12, 1934
Rubber Manufacturing (Rec. from 5- &22-34).. Dept. Comm., 2062-64..--- Bransome---.-. M. A. aerst, Ltd., Atlanta,
Metallic Wall Structure (81 (2) (Adj from Carlton Hotel...... Foster .-.....-- Supplementary Code Au-
8-29-34). thorI
R eai] Liquor (package goods) M-.--------- layflower Hoel---------- Dunning------ Nation3 Federation of Re-
tail Liquor Dealers.
September 17, 1934
Manufactured Oaai (recessed from 8-24-34) ... Dept Comm, 3309--------..... Peebles.......... Manufactured Gas Indus-
tries Aesociation.
Independent Tele. Subdivision of the Tele. Dept Comm., 3309.-- ..... Peebles-.----- United States Ind. Tele-
Lindustry (recessed from 8-24-44). phone Associal.oO.
Bell System Subdivision of the Telephone .Dept. Comm, 3309...- ... Peebles...--.- 21 companies.
Industry (recessed from &-24-34).
Water Supply recessed from 8-27-34)-.. Dept. Comm., 3309.--..- Peebles .-.... Institute of Water Supplies
Utilities, Inc.
Cap and Cloth Hat (2)-----------------...................... Dept. Comm., 2062-66-... Edwards........ Code Authority.
(I) Modificadon Proposal. (2) Amendments. (3) Division of the Construition Industry. (4) Application for termni-
nation of esampUon. (bj Division or the Fishery Industry. (6. Division of toe Retail Trade LI) Discounts on Books
for Institutional Library Purposes. (8) Supplemental to Fabricated Metal Products Manufacturing and Metal Finishing
and Metal Coating Industry. t9) Subdivision of Machinery and Allied Products Industry. il) Application for Exemp-
non (12) Division of Wholesaling or Distributing trade ll3) Subdivision of the Electrical Manulacturing Industry.
S(Comlortable Division-Budget for Label Administration-Label Regulations) (Quiltng Division-Label Regu-
larions) (Mattress Cover Di visou-Budget and Basis of Contribution-Label Regulations-NModificaton Proposal).

The National Recovery Administra-
tion has announced an Executive Order
amending the Automobile Manufac-
turers' Code and extending its provi-
sions for 60 days-September 4 to
November 3.
The test of the Executive Order is as
Approved Code No. 17.-Amendment No. 3,
amendment to Code of Fair Competition for
the Automobile Manufacturing Industry as
approved on August 31, 1934, by President
An application having been duly made in
behalf of the automobile manufacturing in-
dustry, pursuant to and in full compliance
with the provisions of Title I of 'the National
Industrial Recovery Act, approved June 16,
1933, and the provisions of the Code of Fair
Competition for the Automobile Manufactur-
ing Industry duly approved on August 26,
1933, for my approval of an amendment to
said Code of Fair Competition for the Auto-
mobile Manufacturing Industry, and the Ad-
ministrator having found that said proposed
amendment complies in all respects with the
pertinent provisions of title I of said act
and that the requirements of clauses (1)
and (2) of subsection (a) of section 3 of
said act have been met, and the Adminis-
trator having recommended approval of such
Amendment to Code
Now, therefore, I, Franklin D. Roosevelt,
President of the United States, pursuant to
the authority vested in me by Title I of the
National Industrial Recovery Act, approved
June 14, 1933, and otherwise, do adopt and
approve the findings and recommendations of
the Administrator and do order that the said
application be and it is hereby approved, and
that. effective immediately, the said Code of
Fair Competition for the Automobile Manu-
facturing Industry be, and it is hereby,
amended as follows:
In article 1, the seventh paragraph which
has heretofore read as follows:
"The term 'expiration date' as used herein
means September 4, 1934, or the earliest date
prior thereto on which the President shall by
proclamation or the Congress shall by joint
resolution declare that the emergency recog-
nized by section 1 of the National Indus-
trial Recovery Act has ended ",-'shall' be
modified to read as follows:
"The term 'expiration date' as used herein
means November 3, 1934, or the earliest date
prior thereto on which the President shall by
proclamation or the Congress shall by joint
resolution declare that the emergency recog-
nized by section 1. National Industrial Re-
covery Act has ended."
Approval recommended:
Hugh S. Johnson. Administrator, the
White House, August 31, 1934.

Cotton Textile Gives

Produce Data to

Federal Agencies

The Cotton Textile Industry Committee has
been authorized Iy the NRA, it was anu-
nounced, "to uake iavanilabile to thle Recon-
strinttion Finance Corporation and to such
tiiter goverunitmital agencies as are author-
ized ibyv law to supply credit to members of.
the cotton textile industry information re-
garriding terms of and actual functioning of
any or nil of the provisions of their Code. the
condiLions of the industry, together with
such other matter lpertiuent to thle suplyiug
of credlit to thie industry, its such committee
uti I dees npaproriiate."
The riuthoriznLion was given in accordance
withrli n r-t.oiuuiendation by the committee,
which acted in conformity with a provision
f [lthe industry's Cole of fail- competition.
The order of authorization becomes effective
Septctmtli: r S.

the record further shows that cotm-
plainant has failed to exhaust its
administrative rentediis, either with
the National Hosiery Associiatioli,
the Code Authority, or the President.
Nort- is the aet subject to the objec-
tion that it, too vaguely defines the
crimnie which it creates.
Tle li]i it-ry indiiirtstry in Jtune 1933
waw; il ii critical t-undition, and only
some nsuclI l'gi.litiotn as the N.I.R.A.
could restore it to :ai iofitnile basis
The Code is vnlid nail should be en-
forced. An injunction at tils tlie
wori[ltd tniint ton a virtutial nullifl-
cation of tlhe cet. since it is due to
expire' liefore n ftiniil d-terminatlon
coiulil lie il in t itlie npl'ellate courtS&
SIn the issue of the Blue Eagle ofi
September 10, 1934, will be printed |
those court cases involving Tradel

.'. "" *'. ': ,:'..'.*:': "?o /!~r~a S



The Blue Eagle prints in each issue administrative orders,
interpretations, appointments, and bylaws approved by the Ad-
ministrator. Texts of amendments, approved and summarized,
herein, are available upon request through the NRA printing and
publications division.

Granting of petition of Charles D. Hastings Presi-
dent Hupp Motor Car Company of Detroit,
MJehlgan, for an exemption from the provisions
of Article Ill-Hours.
WHEREAS, an application has been made by
the above-named applicant for an exempt ion from
the provisions olf Article III-Hours, of the Code
ofFalir Competition for the Automobile Manufac.
tuning Industry ; and
WHEREAS, meetings of the various Advisory
Boards have been duly held thereon, and the
Deputy Administrator has reported, and it appears
to my satisfaction, that the exemption hereinafter
"grated Is necessary and will tend to effectuate
the policies of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act-
NOW, THEREFORE pursuant to authority
vested in me, it Is hereby ordered that the above-
named applicant be and they hereby are exempted
from said provisions of said Code, for the twenty-
three 123) employees specified In their petition,
provided that time and one-half is paid for the
overtime which has accumulated and may accumu-
late over the average of 42 hours per week, until
the expiration date of this Code, which Is Sep-
tember 4. 1934.
Division Administrator.
By F. S. STaoNo, JL.
Order recommended:.
SDeputy A.dmistrator.
August 9, S34.

Granting Application for a Stay of the Provisions
SArticle VII, Section 3.
WHF BEAS, an application has been made by
David B. Kennedy. Incorporated, for a stay of the
operation of the provisions of Article VII, Section
8, of the Code of Fair Competition for the Asphalt
and Mastic Tile Industry insofar as they require
publIcation of the prices covering the installation
of products of the Industry and accessories neces-
sary to complete installation, and
WHEREAS, hearings have been duly held thereon,
the Assistant Deputy Administrator has reported,
and it appears to my satisfaction, that the stay
hereinafter granted is necessary and will tend to
effectuate the policies of Title I of the National
Industrial Recovery Act ;
NOW, THEREPORE pursuant to authority
vested in me, it is hereby ordered that the opera-
Ilon of ,sid provisions of said Code Insofar as they
require publication of prices covering the instala-
tion of products of this Industry accessories ne,-es-
bary to complete installation be and It Is hereb
stayed as to all partles subject thereto until such
time as this stay is modified or terminated by my
further order.
Administrator for Industrial Recovery.
Order recommended :
BAcroN W. MunsAy,
SDivision Administrator.
S Aagust 13, 19i,

Denying Application of Gustav Pru-efer. 1S5 Union
Avenue, Providence, R I., for an Exemption from
the Provisions of Article Ill.
WHEREAS, an application has been made by
the abuve named applicant for an exempti on from
the provisions of Article II of the Code of Fair
Competition for the Band Instrument Manuiactur-
Ing Industry; and
WHEREAS, the Deputy Administrator has re-
ported, and it appears to my satlsfaction, that
the exemption applied for Is not necessary and
would not tend to effectuate the policl-s of Title I
of the National Industrial Recovery Act:
NOW THEREFORE, pursuant to authority
vested In me, it is hereby ordered that the said
Ippl iction for an exemption be and it is hereby
GEO. L. BEmaT,
DIvision Admnilstrator.
Order recommended:
WArLTn 0. HOOKw,
Deputy Administrator.
Washington. D.C..
August to, 1934.

Denying Application of the Bayz Candy Co., Okla-
homa City. Oklahoma, for oan Exemption from
lhe Provisions of Articles Ill and IV.
WIHIEREAS an application has been made by
tbe above-nuamed applicant for an ex-mption from
the provisions of Articles III andt IV of the Code
oIf Fair Competltion for the Candy Manufacturing
Industry. and
WHEREAS the Deputy Administrator has re
ported nd lt'appeanrs to my satlsf'actlon, that the
exmiption appliId for Is not necessary and would
Net lend to effectuate the policies of Title I of the
National Industrial Recovery Act





NOW, THEREFORE pursuant to nauthlority
vested in me, it Is hereby ordered that said appll-
cation ror an exemption be and It Is hereby denied.
Divileon Administrator.
Order recommended:
Deputy Admilnistrater.
August 8, 1 34.
Denying Application of the Federal Sweets an!c
Wafer Company, Inc.,. Bush Terminal Building
No. 19. 168 39th Street Brooklyn, New York
for an Exemption from the Code Regulations of
the Code of Fair Competition for the Candy
Manufacturing Industry for wrapping, packing
and shipping clerks.
WHEREAS,n an application has been made by the
above-named applicant for an exemption from the
provisions of the Code of Fair Competition for the
Candy Manufacturing Industry; and
WHEREAS, the Deputy Administrator has re-
ported, and It appears to my satisfaction, that the
exemption applied for Is not necessary and would
not tend to effectuate the policies of Title I of the
National Industrial Recovery Act ;
NOW, THEREFORE pursuant to authority
vested in me, It Is hereby ordered that said appl-
cation for an exemption be and It Is hereby denied.
Division Administrator,
Order recommended:
Deputy Adaministrator.
August 8, .-934.

Denlal In part of application of Baltimore Canned
Foods change, Baltimore, Marylnd, for ex-
emption from the provisions of Section 4 of
Article IV.
An application having been duly made by the
Baltimore Canned Foods Exchange, Baltimore,
Maryland, for an exemption from the provisions
of Section 4 of Article IV of the Code of Fair
Competition for the Canning Industry and the
Deputy Administrator having recommended, and it
appearing that Justice requires, that said applica-
tion Insofar as it applies to a piece rate on hand
snipping of beans below the code hourly minimum,
be denied ,
NOW, THEREFORE, pursuant to authority
vested in me by the Administrator for Industrial
Recovery, and otherwise, it is hereby ordered that
the said application for exemption, Insofar as it
applies to a piece rate on band snipping of beans
below the code hourly minimum, be and It Is here-
by denied.
Diision Adminialrator.
Denial recommended:
Deputy Administrator.
July 8s1, 1934.

Modifying Administrative Order No. 1--8
Whereas the Assistant Deputy Administrator
has reported and it appears to my satisfaction that
less-then-carload published freight rates required
by mv Order No 18-S, dated July 16. 19.34 to be
Ineluoed in the minimum prices therein ePtablished
for the products of the Cast Iron Soli Pipe Indus-
try results in unfair competition betne.-n those
members of the Industry located at or near the
Birmingham Alabama. basing point for shipment
of such proJductI., nnd those members of the Indus-
try rlistant therefrom,
NOW. TEIEREIFORE. pursuant to and In full
compliance wath the provision of Section 18 of
Amendment Number '2 of the Code of Fair Compe-
tition ior said Indiistry and by virtue of tbe au-
throrlt' estedil In tme bv Esxe-cuti've Ord.'ts of the
President and otherwise, It Is hereby ordered that
that part of mv said Order No. 18-8. dated July
16, 1934 dealing with minimum net prices be and
it is hereby modified to read as follows:
"It Is h-rebhy ordered and published that after
deduction of Mil dscount3 nnd allowances, the
minimum net prke per ton of 2000 pounds, f u.b.
Bliniiglrim. Alabama, for the following pr-ducts
of said Industry, for the period from date hert.of
until the :spitntion of thr time lmitr a- provided
In Adminlstratlie Order No. 18--8, hereafcter shall
I27.50 for Extra Heavv Weight Soil Pipe
7'2 50 for Mir-dium Welght Soll Pipe
37.50 fo.r Standard Weight Soil PIpi
$4251) for Soil Pipe and Fittings
plus the published carload all-rail freihlit rate to
destination and no membc-i of said Indutry shall
sell any such products nat a net realized price biw
said aforestatied minimum prices and published
freight rate to destination, prrsvlded, however, that
with respect to shipments between [he W-st Coast
ofI the t.ltnled States and points east of h.'? Rocky
Mountains, published ca rlond rail and water
freight rates to destination may be ol-i-d to said
f o.b Birm;ngbam prices in lieu 'f the sld nall-rail
freigbt rate-."
My said Order No. IS-8. dated July 16., 1934.
Is hereby modified only In,..far as, and to such
extent, as It may be In conflict or inconsl'tent with
this Order.
s Order.HUI 9" S. JOHNSON.
AdmniLstrator for Indatriaol Rccovcry.
Approval recommended
Dli i&,on AndmlnistraTtor.
Washinton. P C,
A.u'ies 17, 19K4

..:~. .**

Approving Uniform Method of Cost Inclus
WHEREAS, Article VIII. Section (a)
Code cf Fair Competition for the Cigar Cc
Industry, provides as follows:
"(a) The Authority shall employ a firm a
sentntive certified public accountants to ft
and submit to It a uniform method of cost I
and application, and when this shall ha
adopted by the Authority, and approved
Administrator, each member of the Indust
Immediately proceed definitely to determine
of each type of container he produces in
ance wltn the method so adopted, and wi
latlons Issued by the Authority thereunder
bers of the Industry shall be entitled If
desire, to employ their own certified public
ants,. provided that in astertainlIg the'
through their own certified accountants th
comply with the requirements of the
method of cost Inclusion adopted and appt
herein provided.",
WHEREAS, pursuant to said provisli
Code Authority has submitted for my app
uniform method of cost inclusion and app
for the Cigar Container Industry, which me
marked Exhibit A and filed herewith, ai
WHEREAS, an opportunity to be heard
has been afforded aU members of said Ii
and any objections fled have been duly con
WHEREAS, the Deputy Administrator
ported and It appears to my satisfaction I
approval of said uniform method of cost 1i
and application for the Cigar Container I
Is necessary and will tend to effectuate the
of Title I of the National Industrial Recove
NOW, THEREFORE, pursuant to ai
vested in me by said provisions of Alrtic
Section ais) of the Code of Fair Competi
the Cigar Container Industry and by Ei
Orders of the President it Is hereby ordet
the said uniform method of cost Inclusion
plication for the Cigar Container Industry,
Exhibit "A be and hereby is approved,
however to the condition that within onet
twenty (120) days after the date hereof I
Authority shall submit to me its recon
tons, based on the operation of said methb
ninety day period, and particularly on the
tion of the method of distribution of over
senses contained therein, and subject to L
ter condition, that after the expiration
one hundred twenty day period, this appro'
be modified on the basis of said recommet
or other considerations properly before the N
Recovery Admtnistration.
Admdustrator for Industrial Rena
Approval recommended:
Division Admisstrator.
August 16, ID34.


WHEREAS, the Code of Fair Compet:
the Cigar Manufacturing Industry provides
tion 1 of Article III that no employee shall
mirted to work more than forty (40) hours
one week except:
"(g) Productive employees during two pI
sons per year, provided that the number o
and the number of ours per week In each
shall be determined by the Code Authority,
to the approval of the Administrator."
WHEREAS, at a meeting of the Code Au
duly held on August 2, 1934, the following
tlon was adopted :
Pursuant to Article II, Section 1, Sub
(g), the period between August 15 and D
15, 1934, Is designated as a peak season.
any thirteen '183) weeks In such period, prc
employees shall be permitted to work ft
k45) hours per week; provided, however, t
hours so worked In excess of forty (40W p
shall not cause the work day to exceed n
NOW THEREFORE, pursuant to aS
vested in me, It Is hereby ordered that m
turers are authorized to permit products
ployec-s to work In accordance with the peak
as recommended by the Code Authority purs
paragraph igI. Section 1 of Article III
Code of Fair Competition for the Cigar M
turning Industry, and hereinbefore set forth
the following conditions:
1. That there is a shortage of suitable i
the community.
2. Productive facilities are not available
employment of additional employees.
Dt'iilon Adlmiiisti
Approval recommended:
IRWIN S. MNtosn,
Deputy Administrator.
August 15, S'3..

Grnntin f application of Stabl-Urban Cc
Tern- Haute. Indiana. for an exemptlo
the provisions of Article V, Section A
Code of Fair Competition tor the Cotta
meant Industryv.
WHEREAS, nn applleation has been m
the abLove nnmed applihcut for an exemption
the provisions cOf Arti..' V'. Section A of t]
of Fair Competition for the Cotton Garm
dustry ; ind
WHERE.S. hlie' Deputy Admlnistrator
ported andl It appears to niy satifactlonI t
exemption heritLnfIter granted is necrs-a
vill tend.j to effectuate the policies of Tit
the Nr ilionnl Industrial Recovery Act;
NOW. T[EREFORE pursuant to at
vested In me, it Is hereby ordered that the
named .-,pplii,.aout he and it hereby Is ex
from siil provisions of said Code to the
that It bie nllowedl to operate thirty-three p
33%' i i its plant on nan exrro-ashblft thasl
Seriod not to exceed ninety days, froni tl
ereof, provided they redu,' tehe estra shift
tions thlrtv.-lhre' and one-third per cent
each thirty 1801 day period. Provided
that this Order may be revoked by me at as

upon proper cause shown by objections to be Alwed
with me within ten (10) days from the datew
135-1O hereof. .
15-1 WILLIAM p. FARNsWOoTI ,".
Arting Division Administrator.".
I THE Approval recommended: '
Deputy Administrator. .
Sion and August Ji, 14. "'IM
of the 1-1I.M
ontsiner ORDER ." 1
ncluslon.i 3.
ve been Granting application of National Dollar'Store, B6e.
by tne Francisco, California. for an exemptLion from thbe
r shall provisions of Article Ill and Article V of't
rshall 9leVo
the cost Cod.' of Fair Competition for the Cotton Garment
accord. Industry. .-.
th regu- WHEREAS. an application has been made by the:;P
SMem- above named applicant for an exemption from the.:
they so provisions of Article III and Article V of the Code.
account- of Fair Competition for the Cotton Garment .In-'
Ir costs dusatry : and '.
ey shall WHEREAS, the Deputy Administrator has re
uniform ported and it appears to my satisfaction that the
roved as exemption hereinafter granted Is necessary adi
will tend to effectuate the policies of Title Il6t
the National Industrial Recovery Act: ',*
nus the NOW. THEREFORE, pursuant to authlorty
proval a vested In me, it Is hereby ordered, that the a oa
)llcatlon named applicant be and it hereby Is exempted fi-'
etbod Is said provisions of said code to the extent that 'it
ad be allowed to operate its factories eight (8) bour
thereon overtime weekly from the date hereof for a period
industry not to exceed two (2) weeks provided operators-are
asldered pald time and one-half for all overtime. Provided
fw-ther that this Order may be revoked by me' at
has re- aany time upon proper cause shown by objections
hatr my to be filed with me within ten 110) days from the.
that0 y date hereof.
Illusion SOL A. ROSENBLArr, M
oudutry Divistion Administratior
pic Atn Approval recommended: ,4
ery Act, DEAN G. EDWARDS, ..
othnoritY Deputy Administrator. :
le VIII,. :1,Z
ion for AUUlt 1S, 183.
executive :
red that .
subject. 4-
hundred ORDER .
he Code
d for a TRY
bea e:- 'Denial of AppUlication of Synthetic MouTded Prtod
Lhe fur- ucts, Inc., Stonlngton, Connecticut, for
of said tdon from the provisions of Article V. ,
val may An application having been duly made by S-
idations thettic oulded Products, Ine, Stonlngton, Con"'
National necticut for an exemption from the provisions 'bf-
Article IV of the Code of Fair Competition for the.
S Electrical Manufacturing Industry, and the Deputyii,
every. Administrator having recommended, and it appear-4
Ing that justice requires, that said application,' be.
denied: ,;
NOW, THEREFORE, pursuant to authority,
vested In me by the Administrator for Industrial1
Recovery, and otherwise, it is hereby ordered that"
the said application for exemption be and it la.
hereby denied. .
N Divaion ,Adminitratsr, Dv. SIII
467-8 Denial recommended ..
Deputy Administrator, Div. I. ;..
EL THE August 8, 1.94.,
PRY ''"''
ion Sfor ORDER.
iin See-
eak sea- Denial of application of the Irvinfton Varnisho i
ee-ks Insulator Company, Irvtngton, New Jersey, *f
subject exemption from the provisions of Article IV.
An application having been duly made by the
Irvington Varnish & Insulator Company, Irsi
thority, ton, New Jersey. for an exemption from the proi-
resolun- sbons of Article IV of the Code of Pair Competltoit
for the E-lectrical Manufacturing Industry, and, the
section Deputy Administrator having recommended, andlit.
eeetmor appearing that Justice requires, that said appllca-
ecember tion be denied;
During NOW, THEREFORE pursuant to authority
ductflve vested t me by the Administrator for Indutri
hint the Recovery, and otherwise, It is hereby ordered tha
er week the said application for exemption, be and it1'3f
me (9) hereby denied. r*ui
BARTON W. Mu&AiT, .'
authority Dittsion Administrator, Div. 8.'
anufac- Approval recommended: .
lye em- J. G. CowttEao.
k season Deputy Administrator, Dlv. & .
sunt to August 7I, 193.
of the FA _/ _____
lanufac- "i:
abor in -4'A
far the
Gror. ranting application of Southern Plow Compan.,
Columbus, Georgia ; Harrlman Manufacturing
Company, Harriman. Tennessee: G. A. Kelly
Plow Company., Longvtew, Texas; King Ploe
Company. Atlanta, Georgia ; C. BlElups Sons adi
Company, Norfolk, Virginia; S. R. White Sodi
Incorporated, Norfolk, Virginia; Emporia Ma.
chine Company, Emporia, Virginia; Wayne Ag
cultural Works, Goldsboro, North Carolfi
Hardy and Newsome, Incorporated, La. Gral'.
18-106 Nortoa Carolina; Hines Supply and Manutfac
ing Company, Raleigh, North Carolina; Wa'
Forest Foundry Company, Wake Forest, N6o"
I THE Carolina; and Wards Plow Works, Fayettevlli1
North Carolina, for an Exemption from thePro.
visions of Article V, Section 8, Paragraph (b)t
impany, WHEREAS: an application has been made
n from the above named applicants for an Exemption frol.
of the the provisions of Article V, Section 3, paragraph.
in Gar- (b) of the Code of Pair Competition for the Farm
Equipment Industry ; and
WHEREAS: a public hearing having been du
lade by held in Washington, D.C, on July second theqeon
in from and the Deputy Administrator has reported, and\lt
ie Code appears to my satisfaction, that the Exemptib
ent In. hereinafter granted is necessary and will tend 't
effectuate the policies of Title I of the National
has re. Industrial Recovery Act: "
hat the NOW, THEREFORE. pursuant to authotl.
ry and vested In me, It Is hereby ordered that the above
Ie I of. named applicants be and they hereby are exempt
from said provisions of said Corle; provided, hbwd
ithority ever, that no employee of any of the aforesaid'
e above members of the Industry shall be paid at a rate
empted of less than twenty-five 1(25 rents per hour. ..
extent BARTON W. MasAT, '.' 1ii.
,er cent Division Administrator...:
6 for a Order recommended ..:
b date NunL W. FOSTER, "..'''
opera-" Deputy Adsmattrotor.
further August 9, 1934."
ny time (Continued on page 6, column 1)


:(Continued from page 5)GRAPHIC ARTS

FISHERY 287-75
ORDER NO. 08.-20 Granting Application for an Exemption from the
K Denying petition of the Maine Sardine Packers As- provisions of Article II, Section 22 tic), Para-
Boclation of Eastport, Maine, filed on tehialf of graph 1.
S its membership, for exclusion of the Mnine sar- WHEREAS, an application has been made by the
Sdine canning division of the fishery Industry National Lithographic Printing Code Authority. 2'05
"'from the terms of the Code of Pair Competition Madison Avenue. New York. New York. on the
f :or the Fishery Industry. part of the Lithographic Printing Industries In the
,.:- WHEREAS, the Code of Fair Competition for the San Francisco, California area, tor a temporary cx-
'ftCBhery Industry provides In Article IX, Section 4, emotion from the provisions of Article II, Section
*' as follows: 22 (c). Paragraph 1, of the Code of Fair Coumpeci-
b:"W ".Within a period of thirty (30) days after the tion for the Graphice Arts Industries. anud
effective date of this code any division of the indus. WHEREAS, the Deputy Administrator has re-
w,. expressly Included withi the Industry as de- ported and It appears to my satisfaction, that the
redinr Article It, Section 1, pn ,'ag rap b (d), exemption hereinafter granted Is necesitury and will
e, may petition theAdministrator for exlu end to effectuate the policies of Title I of the
0lon from the terms of this code, and upon the National Industrial Recovery Act;
r-ant of the prayer of the said petition by the Ad- NOW, THEREFORE, pursuant to the authority
pinlstrator said division hall cease to be bound vested In me, it Is hereby ordered that the above
y the terms of this code'" and named applicant be and It hereby is exempted from
." W'HEREAS, a petition Las been filed by the .1,d provisions of said Code for a period of thirty
eraboe-named association for the exclusion of theC 8Oj days, or until further ordered by the Admln-
nine sardine canning division of the dshery in- istrator, it being understoced that employers will
Sustry from the terms of the Code of Fair Compe- engage every available candidate qualifying for
ti for the Fishery odustryl and employment ; it being also understood that a report
o WHrAS, a gsro osat- an n wa hbe made weekly to me as to conditions, and
fi'W'RRAlS, o arin anners, repre- So^ ^poS n .
Seating about 99 -g u (84) percent of the in- thtortepidofteee tonorim.wl
th y volume of pack In New England have be paid at the rate established In Article II, Sec-
i^ ast by! volume o pa ck:l In New E ngla nd, haus tins 22 (el Paragraph 1 of the Code of Fair

j4iid n s.of the Code of Fair Competition for the Competiton for the Graphic Arts Industries.
ons] code covering their specific division of the Dtraion Seven.
: y Industry, and the Deputy Administrator has Order recommende-d:
sreiommended and It appears that justice requires JOHN E. WILLIAMS.
I'that said petition be denied; Deputy Administrator.
SWNOW, THEREFORI, pursuant to the authority. August 7, 1984.
anted me by the Executive Orders of July lo,
8t9, and the Executive Order of December 30,
9, and otherwise. It is hereby ordered that the ORDER
r pald petition for exclusion be and it Is hereby

,;Order recommended:
S Division Admnnistrator.
A August 10, 1984.

1:" : 808A&-5
"t ~ ORDER
ranting application for an extension of time
,: within which to comply with the'provisions of
'-; 'the Plan of Election of the Executive Committee,
-.'submitted and approved pursuant to Article
...VIII, Title B, Section 1.
itEHE fEAS, an application has been made by
,tle Executive Committee of the Fresh Oyster In-
.s-ustry for an extension of time within which to
ScompLy with the provisions of the Plan of Election
b tbe Executive Committee approved by Admin-
ltrative Order Number 308-A-3, dated May 3,
arsuant to the provisions of Article VIIIT
9e B Section 1 of the Supplementary Code of
Competition for the Fresh Oyster Industry
Division of the Fishery Industry) ; and
Ui'WfEREAS, the Executive Committee of the
esh Oyster Industry finds that the Industry is
able to comply with the provisions of the said
Plan of Election of the Executive Committee
within th time stated therein, and the Depury
Admnstrator concurs In such finding by report
.in writing to me, and it appears to my satisfac-
rton that the extension of time hereinafter granted
Is necessary and will tend to effectuate the policies
r.:ol Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act;
NOW THEREFORE, pursuant to authority
Vested In me, It Is hereby ordered that the fresh
oyster industry shall be allowed until November
1 1984, to comply with the provisions of the Plan
Smc Election of the Executive Committee, and on
'*or before said first day of November the election
rpDrovided for In said plan shall be completed and
tihie results thereof communicated to the Admin-
..8trator. HUGH S. JOHNSON.
Administrator for Industrial Recovery.
F. Order recommended:
Division Administrator.
,: Aagust ii, Ls9.

-: TRY
ORDER NO. 145-I20
'**~t'* j' 0OR mDE

S:.- An application having been duly made to me pur-
alnt to the provision of Article VII of the Code
31E.'of Fair Competition tor the Furniture Manufactur-
S.:'Ing Industry, for my approval of the Coat Formula
I' devised by the Code Authority for the Furniture
K,.lsanuiacturlng Industry, and the Deputy Admilnls-
rl'-tftor having rendered a report to me recommend-
p' that I approve such Cost Formula,
-," NOW, THEREFORE. I Hugh S. Johnson. Ad-
z'1ministrator for Industrial Recovery, pursuant to
y authority vested in me by Executive Orders of the
i..-;,Eresldent. by Article VI' of the Code of Fair Com-
:"'ype tition for the Furniture Manufacturing Indus-
SF and otherwise, do hereby Incorporate by ref-
:.rence said report ahd recommendation and do
.:.find that such Cost Formula complies in all respects
?s; with the pertinent provisions and will promote the
01.-.oUicy and purposes of Title I of the National In-
i- dustrial Recovery Act, and do hereby order that
"p!ald Cost Formula be and it hereby is approved
!-provIded that:
S.: This approval and said Cost Formula shall not
Si' become effective for a period of ten t10) days after
:.the date hereof, in order that consideration may
Sbe given the objections thereto, If any, of Inter-
','. ested parties; at the expiration of such period this
y. 'order shall become effective unless I, by my further
Order, otherwise determine ; and further provided,
howeverwev, that this approval Is subject to my right
:. at any time to cancel or modify this Cost Formula
Sor any provision thereof.
Administrator for Industrial Recovery.
Approval recommended:
Division Admtniatrator.
't,-- Washington, D.C ,
SAugust 18, 19.i

--te i ";-*: ... *::- -

ORDER NO. 287-87
Approval of application on behalf of the National
Code Authority for the Steel and Copper Plate
Engraving and Printing Industry for a tem-
porary stay of the provisions of Clause 1, Para-
graph 2, Sub-section 23-B (b), Article II, of the
Graphic Arts Code.
A Code of Fair Competition for the Graphic
4rts Industries was approved by the President
February 17, 1934.
Application having beqn duly made by the Na-
tional Code Authority for the Steel and Copper
Plate Engraving and Printing Industry for a tem-
porary sta of provisions of Clause 1, Paragraph
2, Sub-sectfon 23--B (b), Article II, of the Graphic
Arts Code pending the organization of this in-
dustry under the Code to the extent necessary to
gather the information required by the said pro-
ytislons; and upon consideration of a report of the
Deputy Administrator recommending that such
temporary stay be granted, approved by the Divi-
sion Administrator; and finding that such tem-
porary stay Is necessary in the interests of Justice;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, Hugh S. Johnson, pur-
suant to the authority vested in me by Executive
Orders of the President, including Executive Order
No. 6543-A, dated December 30, 1933, and other-
wise, do hereby stay for a period of thirty (30)
days the provisions of Clause 1, Paragraph 2, Sub-
section 23-B (b), Article II, of the Code of Fair
Competition for the Graphic Arts Industries, as
applied to establishments Included In the Steel and
Copper Plate Engraving and Printing Industry;
provided, however, that any adjustment which
may be required at the expiration of this stay
shall be made retroactive and effective as of July
28 1934.
'This Order Is revocable by the Administrator ar
any time.
Stay recommended :
Division Seven.
August 11, 1984.

ORDER 9-69
Granting Application of the South Side Lumber
and Supply Company of Toledo, Ohio. for a
Exemption From tlie Provisions of Article Vt,
Section (b).
WHEREAS, an application has been made by the
above named applicant for an exemption from the
provisions of Article VI. Section (b) of the Code
of Fair Competition for the Lumber and Timber
Products Industries; ani
WHEREAS, the Deputy Admlnistrator has re-
ported and it appears to my satisfaction that the
exemption hereinafter granted Is neccs-inry and
will tend to effectuate the policy of Title 1 of the
National Industrial 'Recovery Act;
NOW, THEREFORE. pursuant to authority
vested In me, it Is hereby ordered that the above
named applicant be and hereby Is exempted from
said provisions of said Code to the extent but only
to the extent necessary to permit not more thIan
thirty five (35) employees to work not more than
forty-elght (48) hours In any seven (71 day period,
for a period of not more thfin three (Bi weeks, on
operations necessary to pet furm the following con-
tracts entered Into by the above named applicant
in February 1933:
(1) State Building, Willard, New York.
(2) State Armory, Binghamton, New York.
(3) State Sclhool, Rome, New York.
provided that each such employee shall be paid not
ise than one and one-half times his normal rate
of pay for all hours worked in excess of forry (4t)
hours In any one week or in excess of eight (8)
hours In any one day.
BARtON W. MctaB ,
Division Adminisalrator.

Order recommended:
Deputy Adminustrator.
August 2, 18Mi.

Granting Limited Exemption fronr
lmtions for Application of Nil
WHEREAS, pursuant to the
tidle IX of tli above Code. on
July, l'0i-1, the Administrator fi

. .... fi..,. i :. .... .. ...


i Rules
the 10
or Indu

No. 9-71


and Regu-
ins of Ar-
3itli cday of
ustrlnl Re-


covery approved minimum prices which constituted
the reasonable cost of items and classifications of
lumber snd timber products. andi rules and regu-
lations for the application thereof; and
WHEREAS, said minimum price and rules and
regulations Include tho minimum prices and rulos
ftI regulations Eet forth nla Lumber Code Author-
ITy Bulletlin No. 30; and
WHEREAS, Rule 2 of sail Rults aind Regula-
tions In Lumber Code Authority Bulletin No. 30
provides as follows:
2n. WATER SHIPMENTqS On sales other than
F.A.S. made for shipment Interronstnl or Coast-
wise. there shall be addedd to th -rnabllshrd mini-
mum water prices. coni er'nce water rates, applicable
at time of shipment agreed upon, insuran,'.o an.d all
other delivery costs incident thereto, as per estab-
lished schedules, a nd subject to L.C..\. Liull. ln No.
70. together with freight charges computed on es-
tablished schedule of Item we-ights nd r lanful rail
freight rates In effect to desrniution beyond the
discharging port.
PANAMA CANA.L ZONE, water freight including
Government landing charges shall he computed at
not less than $8.00 per N B.M. ; and
WHEREAS, an InvitatIon for bids, Schedule No.
2963, to be opened on the 22nd dav of August,
193-1, has been bubmItt,.d to lierrona subject to the
jurisdiction of the above Code by the Panama
Canal Zone: and
WHEREAS, the Order of the Administrator for
Industrial Recovery, approving solaid minimum
prices for Items and classifications of lumber and
timber products and rules and regulations for the
application thereof, provides In part as follows:
Do hereby authorize the Division Administra-
tor, upon recommendation of the Deputy Admin-
istrator and the Research and Planning Division,
but without limitation upon the powers reservedl to
the Administrator by Article IX, Section tat. Sub-
section (41 of said Code: . To grant such ex-
ceptions and exemptions as are necessary to meet
special, accidental or extraordinary circumstances
peculiar to a limited group of operations ; and
WHEREAS, an application hns been made by
the Code Authority for tbe Lumber and Timber
Products Industries, noting on behalf of persons
subject to the Jurisdiction of said Code, for an
exemption from the provisions of Rule No. 2b of
the said Lumber Code Authority Bulletin No. S0,
to the extent, but only to the extent neo--s~ary to
permit said persons subject to the Jurisdiction of
said Code, to submit bids on the above Invitarion
of not less than the minimum f o.b. mill price,
plus the two dollars i$2) per thousand fetit land-
Ing charge for lumber In the Panama Canal Zone
and to perform In accordance with such contract
or contracts as may be awarded on the basis
thereof; and
WHEREAS, the Deputy Administrator has re-
ported and found this exemption Is necessary to
meet special accidental and extraordinary cir-
cumstances peculiar to a limited group of opera-
tions, and It appears to my satisfaction that the
exemption herelnafter granted. is necessary and
will tend to effectuate the polities of Title I of
the National Industrial Recovery Act and of said
NOW THEREFORE pursuant to authority
vested in me. It Is hereby ordered that all persons
subject to the Jurisdiction of the above Code, be
and they hereby are exempted from said provisions
of Rule 2b of Lumber Code Authority Bulletin No.
80, to the extent, but only to the extent necessary
to enable said persons to submit bids on the above
Invltatlop of not less than the minimum fo.b.
mill prices plus the two dollars ($2) per thousand
feet landing charge for lumber In the Panama
Canal Zone, and to perform in accordance with
such contract or contracts as maybe awarded on
the basis thereof.
DivLsilon Adminfalrator.
By F. S. STsONO, JI.
Order recommended:
Deputy Administlrator.
August 10, 1931.

Order granting application of the John Douglas
Company, of Cincinnati, Obhio, for exemption
from the provisions of Article VII, Section 6,
and Article VIII, Section 10.
WHEREAS, an application has been made by the
above-named applicant for an exemption from the
provisions of Article VII. Section 0, and Arriclo
Vil. Section 10. of the Code of Fair Competition
for the Plumbing Fixtures Industry; and
WHEREAS. It appears to ny satisfaction that
the said application has merit and that the exemp-
tion requested Is necessary and should be granted
and will tend to effectuate the policies of TItle I
of the National Industrial Recovery Act;
NOW, THEREFORE, pursuant to authority
vested In me It Is hereby ordered that the above-
named applicant be and It Is hereby exempted from
said provisions of said Code pending my further
BAnroN W. MNtoR.vY,
Division Admintatsrator.
Approval recommended:
Deputy Adminstrator.
July 81, al.t

Denial of application of Nathan Einhorn, Al
Chicago, illinois, on behalf of certain reti
elers of Chicago for exemption from the
lone of Article VIII. Section 1 (o).
An application having been duly made by
Einhorn, Attorney, Chilcago, Illinois, on be
certain retail Jewelers of Lhicago t'or an
tion from the provisions of Article VIII.
1 (o) of the Code of Fair Competition
Reteail Jewelery Trade.? and the Deputy A
trator having recommended, and It apl-ailrh
Justice? requires that said application be den
NOW THEREFORE. pursuant to an
vested in m- by the Adm4nistrator for Int
Recovery, and otherwise, It Is hereby order
the sald application for exemption be an,
hereby denied.
Div etion Au diiii later
Denial recommended :
Deputy Adininlatrator.
Au. uqlt 7, 1E,4.



ill jew-
* provl-

half of
for the
bC that
ed that
A It Is


Approval of petition of William J. Whatley, Va.
rletry Store, Sweetwater, 'reXaR. for an exemption
froiii the maximum hour piovllons of Article V,
Section 1.
An application having been duly made iy Wil-.
l1am J. Whatley, Varliety Store, Sweetwater, Texas,
for an exemption from the provisions of the maxi-
mum hour provislfns of Article V.q Srection 1. of
the Code of Fair Competition for the Retail Trade,
and ihe Deputy Administrator having recom-
mended, and It appearing that Justice requires
that the said application he appToved to the extentI
herelnafter stated :
NOW. THEREFORE. pursuant to authority
rested In me by the Administrator, and otherwise
It Is hereby ordered that said application be and
It Is hereby approved to the following extent: the
petltIoner, due to very unusual circumstances, may
work two employees on a fifty-four j541 hour basis
per week provided, that no employee shall be per-
mitted to work In excess of nine t(9 hours In any
one day and further, this exemption shall expire
ninety (90) days from the date of this Order at
which time said applicant shall report to the Ad-
ministration Itf an extension Is deemed necessary.
ROBERT L. HoosroN,
Division Administrator.
Approval recommended:
Deputy Administrator, Retail Distributig
August 8, .194.

Denial of application of'Joseph Ruwitch & Sons,
Inc., Norway, Michigan. for exemption from the
provisions of Article VI, Section 1 (d).
An application having been duly made by Joseph
Ruwirtch & Sons, Inc., Norway. Michigan, for an
exemption from the provisions of Article VI, Sec-
tion 1 (d) of the Code of Fair Competition for the
Retail Trade, rind the Deputy Administrator hav-
ing recommended, and It appearing that justice
requires that said nppilcatlon be denied:
NOW, THEREFORE pursuant to authority
vested In me by the Administrator for Industrial
Recovery, and otherwise, It Is hereby ordered that
the said application for exemption be and It Is
hereby denied.
Division Administrator.

Denial recommended :
RALPH E. Baisrot,
Assistant Deputy Administrator.
Washington. D.C.,
Augua t 8, 1984.

ORDER NO. 2-21
WHEREAS, on March 15, 1934, the Shipbuild-
ing and Shiprepairing Industry Committee passed
the following resolution:
There shall be constituted by appointment of
the Administrator for the Shipbuilding and Ship-
repairing Industry an Industrial Relations Com-
mittee, to ha composed of seven (7) members:
three (3) to be nominated by the Code Authority
to represent the employers, three (3) to be naomal-
oared by the Labor Advisory Board of the Na-
tional Recovery Administration to properly repre-
sent the employees In the Industry, and one (1)
to be selected by the other six"; and
WHEREAS, three (8) members of the aforesaid
Committee were duly appointed by me on March
26, 1934. from a list of nominees submitted by
the Shipbuilding and Shiprepalring Industry Com-
mittee, and three (3) members were appointed by
me on April 4, 1934, from representatives of em-
ployees recommended by the Labor Advisory Board
of the National Recovery Administration; and
WHEREAS, a seventh t7th) member o the said
Committee has not yet been selected; and
WHEREAS, It Is desired by both Labor and
Industry representatives that a seventh (7th)
member of the Industrial Relations Committee
for the Shipbuilding and Shiprepalring industry be
not selected and -
WHEREAS, It appears from evidence submitted
to me that the Industrial Relations Committee
should be Independent of and not subject to the
Jurisdiction of the Shipbuilding and Shiprepalring
Industry Committee which latter Committee Is
provided for under Section 8 of the Shipbuilding
and Shiprepalring Industry Code, and that certain
of the expenses of the Industrial Relations Com-
mittee should be defrayed out of the funds allotted
to the National Recovery Administration;
NOW, THERFORE, 1, Hugh S. Johnson, by
virtue ot authority vested In me, do hereby order
that my previous orders of March 26. 1934, and
April 4, 1934, whereby I appointed the Industry
and Employee members respectively, of the Indus-
trials Relations Committee for the ShipbuIldIng
and Sblprepalring Industry, be amended by omit-
ting the provision requiring the selection by the
Industrial Relations Committee of a seventh L7tbi
It Is further ordered that the Industrial Rela-
tions Committee be and Is hereby made independ-
eut of and not subject to the Jurisdiction of the
Shipbuilding and Shiprepalring Industry Commit-
tee herelnabove referred to.
It Is further ordered that the National Recov-
ery Administration shall set aside a reasonable
or-tion of the funds allotted to it to cover the
committee's office expenses, travelling and sub-
sistence expenses of each of Its members when on
official business In connection with the perform-
ance of his duties as a member of the said Com-
mittee, and funds for the payment of such secre-
tarial, clerical, and technical assistance as the
Committee may require In the performance of its
duties. In addition to the above, each Member ot
the Committee shall be entitled to a per diem of
Fifteen Dollars ($15.00) for errh day of actual
attendance at any and all meetings of the Com-
mittee aind when on official business for the said
Committee, from the time of departure to the time
of return; provided, however, that any financial
commitments made by the Committee shall be sub-
ject to the fiscal regulations of the National Re-
covery Administration; and provided further, that
before any expenses Incurred by the Committee or
any of Its members are paid by the National Re-
covery Administration vouchers therefore shall he
duly authenticated by the Secretary of the Com-
mittee and shall be subject to review and dise-
approval by the National Recovery Administration
Administrator for Industrial Recovery.
Approval recommended:
Division Adminisntrator.
August 15, 1931.



" Code Authority

Members Approved

SThe Administrator, during the past week. ap-
pred the following selections and appointments
DiSTRy.-Saxsu W. Holt. adminIstration memi
er, to serve during the pleasure of the Admin.

Blmer. Boston, Mas.s ; E. D. Peck. New York,
Nv ad H. 0. Russell. Newark, N.J., to repre-
snt the Paint nnd Varnish Brush Manufactu-rers'
Division 0. D. Earon, Newark N.J. Arthur
Stern. New York. N.Y.; and J. A. tie Mesulta,
Brooklyn, N.Y., to represent the Shaving Brush
lsaufacturers' Division. William C. Bird, Flor-
ece, Mass.; Ralph H. Goldman, New York, N.Y.;
and A i Pitc er, New York, N.Y to repre-
seant the Toilet Brush Manufacturers' Division
II A. Laltner, Detroit, Mich. Alfred Mctwen,
New York, N.Y.; and Clyde A. Porter. Aurora.
Ill to represent the Household Brush Manufac
tarei-s' Division. Samuel F. Dixon, Newark, N.J.;
B Felion. Manchester, N.H.; and Frank H.
ksrdy, Andover1 Mass to represent the Industrialn
jewelers' and Dental Brush Manufacturers' Dlvl.
,ion. Arthur W. Hahn Jr.. New York, NY.;
George A. Millard, Hartrord, Coun.; and Albert
Sansom, Chicago, III to represent the Twisted-
"nire' Manufacturers' Division. R. R. Radlnes,
Cleveland. Ohio; S. F. Stretch. Milwvaukee, Wis.;
nd C. W. Titgemever Cleveland. Ohio to repre-
smat the Wire Brush kianafacturers' Division.
ka?, Isidore Zweibel. and George Strauss, all of
New York City to serve C months. Nathan Cohen,
Losn Island dity, N.Y.; Arthur Rosenberg, New
yot, N.Y.; and B. Preston, New York, N.Y., to
serve 12 months.
New Orleans La.; Robert W. Henderson, Houston,
,.; A. D. Brady. New Orleans. La ; and W. W.
RhbInsoa Memphis, Tenn.
0 8 B J. Schwertz. New Orleans, La.; Guy
yar, Kansas City Mo.; Robert B. Mathis, Little
Rock Ark ; E. P. i chwartz, St. Louis, Mo.; and
Fred Velth, St. Louis, Mo.
'RY.-Dsanlel L. Morris, administration member
to serve during the pleasure of the AdminIstrator.
Lasher. Jacob Siegel, and Jack Mintz, to represent
the National Dress Manufactur-rs' Association.
William Fox, Ed Gerrick, and Morris Kolchin, to
represent the Affliated Dress Manufacturers' As-
adcation. Sam Oxhorn, Samuel J. Harris, and
I. A Agtce, to represent the Unlted Association
of Dress Manufacturers, Inc. David Dubinaky,
Jallu Bochman, and Morris Bialis, to represent
the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.
Bamuel W. Levittles, to temporiruly represent the
Dress Manufacturers for the eastern metropolitan
area and eastern area: Harry J. Rubenstein, to
temporarily represent the contractors for the east-
era metropolitan area and eastern area; and
William J. Schmlnke and S. J. Eisenberg, to
temporarily represent the western area.
Vessy, Cleveland, Ohio; R. S. Hammond, Harvey,
Ill.; F. R. Wallace Philadelphia, Pa.; E. 0.
Beardsley, Chicago, ill.; T. W. Pangborn, Hagers-
town. Md.; D. A. Weber, Fort Wayne, Ind.; E. A.
Pridmore. Chicago, Ill.; V. E. Mlnlch, Mishawaka,
nlad.: and H. S. Simpson, Chicago, 1Ill.
,TRADE.-Lewis P. Wells. Joseph Kruskal, Victor
Asselln, Jacob Blaufarb, and Harry Metzger, all
of New York City. Harry Nodell, Chicago, Il.;
Leroy Bates, Detroit, Mich.; and David Benloff,
Ban Francisco, Calif.
DUSTRY.-A. J. Kleckhefer. Milwaukee, Wis.;.
J. 0. Entrekin, Wheeling, W.Va. ; R. 0. Harrison.
Dover, Ohio; A. S. Kendall, St. Louis, Mo.; and
Henry BHorn. Brooklyn. N.Y.
ham, Cart 0. Pfelffer, M. S. Rosenthal, R S.
Benepe, Carl J. Braun, Louis Marbe Cohn, R. V.
Delapenbha William A. Jaeggi, NIls R. Johaneson,
William H. Knox James A. Levi, D. K. Mirrielees,
3. A. L. Moiler, R. T. Rogers, Charles F. Walden,
.Richard F. Warner, and A. C. Wirtz.
TRY.-H. C. Vincent. Racine Wis. Joseph K.
Priest, Nashua. N.H.; Julius Schultz, Racine, Wis.;
and Clyde Wahl, Sterling, III.
Griffiths Pittsburgh, Pa.; M. H. Bridge, Dayton,
Ohio; F. W. Krickhan, Chicago. Ill.; aid H. M.
loan Harvey, Ill.
TRIES.-George C. Dent, deputy administration
member [or the Commercial Veneer Subdivision,
Facs Veneer Subdivision, Plywood Sabdirvsio:,n,
Plywood Package Subdivision, and the Wirebound
BoSx Subdivision. Mr. Dent will serve as a member
of all'of the subdivisions during the pleasure of
the Administrator.
Thomas M. Coleman Madison. WIs.; Herman J.
Msszel, Buffalo, N.Y.; and Win. J. Powers, De-
trait, Ulch.
TRY.-D. J. Duncan. administration member, to
serve during the pleasure of the Administrator.
TlY.-C. S. Robertson and H. Wade to represent
nonmembers of the association.
W. D Wilson Baltimore, Md.; Arthur H. Bryant,
Alexandria, Va.; Arthur J. Rosenthal. Jackson-
le, PFla.; Edmund Pincolffe, Houston, Tex.;
James W. Ralner. Mobile. Ala.; and James W.
Keller. San Francisco, Calif.
Blair, New York N.Y.; J. M. Ewlni, Ligonier.
Pa.; J. A. Bandy, Buffalo, NY ; William Hollo-
wfy, Philadelphia, Pa.; and Earl A. Means, New
York. N.Y.
V. UcNamara, administration member, to serve
during the pleasure of the Administrator.
C. Herschmaa, St Joseph. Mo ; representing the
MidwestL Earle Hesse, Chicago. Ill., represent-
a g the central section ; Wm. J. Rushton Birmlng-
.aa\ Ala.. representing the southern section; Wm.
IL herman, San Francisco, Calif:, representing
the Pacific Coast territory; J. R. Shoemaker,
Rimira, N Y., representing the eastern section.
ING NDUSTRY-Frank J. Weachler, Sprlngfield,
iAs.; Brinton Weiser Milwaukee, Wis ; Guy A.
Wainwrlght. Indianapolis Ind.; James S. Watson,
Ialanapous. Ind.; F. C. Thompson. Ithaca, N.Y
A -. 0Gabrlels. Albany. N.Y.; E. F. Emmons.
Sandusky, Ohio, A. S. Baston, Hartford. Conn.
PG INDUSTRY.-Robert C. Dougherty, Reading,
ToPP, administration member, to serve during the
pleasure of the Administrator.
.er New York, N.Y.; R. F. List. Belvedere, 111.;
ao. Rdgers, Cleveland, Ohio: L. J. Ross, Tor-
rgioa. Cann.; A. M. Sheldon. Chicago. Ill.;
J'. Weis Nyack. N.Y : Walter Bornast-ln. New
Yrk N.Y.; Sam Redllch. New York N Y.
',RY aymond V. McNamara, administration
letir, to serve during the pleasure of the Ad-
tiuaist rather
DaUSmy.. B. Ayera, Pittsburgh, Pa.; R. B.
_cccii Auburn, N.Y H 1. Perry, Rocheile TII.;
E. Heath, Plymouth. Ohio" S D. Wrihbtieve-
l5J'1 Ohio; George W. Alcocf, New York, N.Y.

The Administrator for Industrial Recovery
during the< past week approved amendments
and modifications to Codes of fair competi-
tion as follows:
Automotive Parts and Equipment Manufac-
luring lnduslry.-Modificatrlon approved Au-
gust 23, 193-4, authorizes the Code Authority
to submit a budget and a method of assess-
ment upon which funds shall be contributed
by members of the industry to meet the ex-
penses of Code administration.
Cotton Garmenut Industry.-Amendment ap-
proved August 21, 1934, provides that the
Code Authority, upon submission to and ap-
proval by the Administrator of Its proposed
certificate of incorporation and bylaws, In-
corporate under the laws of the United States
or the District of Columbia, such corporation
to be known as the "Cotton Garment Code
Authority." The powers, objects, and purposes
of the said corporation shall In all respect
be limited to the powers, objects, and pur-
poses of the Cotton Garment Code Authority
as provided in this Oode, and the existence
of the corporation shall be during the term
of the Code.
Electrotyping and Stereotyping Industry.-
Amendment approved August 23, 1934, per-
mits the Code Authority to incur reasonable
expenses in administering the Code and to
collect assessments and makes it a violation
of the Code for an establishment to fall to
pay such assessment when the budget and
basis of contribution have been approved by
the Administrator.
Feld.spar Industry.-Amendment approved
August 24, 1934, permits the Code Authority
to incur reasonable expenses in administer-
ing the provisions of the Code and to collect
assessments from each member of the indus-
try upon a basis of contribution approved by
the Administrator. Such contributions are
made mandatory by this amendment.
Foundry Supply Indust-ry.-Amendment ap-
proved August 24, 1934, provides that sub-
paragraphs (b) and (o) and the last sentence
of subparagraph (j) of section 2 of article
VI be deleted and the insertion of certain
provisions to facilitate the collection from
each member of the industry of his equitable
contribution of the expenses of the mainte-
nance of the Code Authority subject to rules
and regulations issued by the administration.
Frealh' Water Pearl Button Manunfacturing
Industry.-Amendments approved August 20,
1934,. relate to labor provisions of the Code.
The first stipulates that no employee shall
be paid a lesser time rate than would be re-
quired to make his earnings the same as re-
ceived for the longer full-time week prevail-
ing as of July 1, 1933. The second amend-
ment deals with trade practices and provides
that no member of the industry shall grant
any term of cash discount in excess of 1
percent, 10 days, net 30, E.O.M., with not
exceeding 5 days' grace. Goods shipped on
or after the 25th of the month may be billed
as of the 1st of the following month. Mem-
hers of the industry may accept checks, less
cash discount, if received postmarked not
later than the last day of grace.
Hardwood Distillation Indua.try.-- Amend-
meats approved August 20, 1934. Amendment
no. 1 enables the Code Authority to incur
reasonable obligations necessary for the ad-
ministration of the Code and to submit a
budget and basis of assessments upon mem-
bers of the industry. Such assessments are
made mandatory by this amendment. Amend-
ment no. 2 provides general policy for forest
conservation on the part of the Code Au-
thority for the hardwood distillation industry
in accordance with the administration's pol-
icy. Amendment no. 3 provides that the Code
Authority shall establish forest-practice rules
and regulations, subject to the approval of
the Administrator, within 60 days after date
of approval of this amendment. The divi-
sions of the industry are to submit, through
the Code Authority, to the Administrator for
his approval these forest-practice rules and
Hoisting Engine Manufacturing Industry.-
Amendment approved August 18, 1934, per-
mits the Code Authority to incur reasonable
obligations in administering the provisions of
the Code and enables it to submit a budget
and basis of assessment upon members of the
industry to the Administrator for his ap-
proval. Such contributions are made manda-
tory by this amendment.
Novelty Curtains,. Draperies, Bedspreads,
and Novelty Pilloiw.I ludustrt.-Amendments
approved Aueust 24. 1934. brings within the
definition of thie Code the domestic decorative
linens industry and sets up a committee to
administer the fair-trade-practice provisions
for this branch of the industry and Includes
two additional fair-trade practices to apply
only to domestic decorative linens manufac-
Paper DI.tribuling Tradc. Modiflcatlons
approved August 21. 1034, enables the Code
Authority to Incur reasonable expenses In
administering the provisions of the Code and
to submit a budget and basis of assessment
upon members of the industry. Such assess-

mood V. McNrimnra. administration member, to
serve doirin the plensure of the Admiristrator.
Lelle C. Jacobson. New York, N.Y.; Victor 3J.
Boulln. New York. N Y ; F. Durand, New York,
N.Y.: Wm. H. Craze, New York, N Y.; L., Chambre,
New York N Y ; Ahr. Levine. New York, N.Y.;
Frank a. neoebel. New York, N.Y.
TRIES'.-J. P. Ronere. Lai:oila. N.H.; Arthur N.
StoweU. Dixfleld, Maine: M. B Wallace, Jr.. St.
Louais, Mo.; F B. Chadbourne, Farmingltton, Maine;
Harry B. Mulholland. Milord. Del.: Ned 0.
Begle, New York. N.Y.; J. E. Henretta, Kane, Pa

meats are made mandatory upon members
of the industry by this modification.
Photo-engraving Inadustry.-Amendment ap-
proved August 21, 1934, gives the Code Au-
thority the power to collect assessments and
makes it a violation of the Code to fail to
pay such assessments when the budget and
basis of contribution have been approved by
the Administrator.
Picture Molding and Picture Frame Indus-
try.-Modification approved August 23, 1934,
enables the Code Authority to incur reason-
able obligations In administering the provi-
sions of the Code and to submit a budget and
basis of assessment upon members of the in-
dustry to the Administrator for his approval.
Such contributions are made mandatory by
this modification.
Retail Trade.-Amendments approved Au-
gust 23, 1934, makes combination sales of mer-
chandise and the sale of merchandise upon
a condition Involving the element of chance
violations of the Code. The prohibition of
combination or group sales Is an addition to
the Code's article on loss limitation and pro-
vides that "in group offerings or sales of
merchandise the selling price of the group
shall not be less than the sum of the mini-
mum selling prices of the individual items of
the groups", as determined In accordance
with provisions already in the Code. It Is
further stipulated that "In group offerings
or sales of merchandise, where the selling
price of one or more items of the group
Is indicated, the price indicated for each
item or Items, expressly or by inference,
shall not be less than the minimum price
of each Item or items", as determined in
accordance with article VIII, sections 1 and
2. The amendment provides, however, that
the added section shall not be construed
to apply to the use of bona-fide preml-
ums. The "group-offering" section does
not apply to the sale of drugs, medicine,
cosmetics, toilet preparations, drug sundries,
or allied items" described In the supplemental
provisions of the Code applicable to retail
drug establishments. The use of a lottery
or similar element of chance as a sales-pro-
motion device is prohibited by the addition
of a new subsection which provides that "no
retailer shall sell or offer for sale any mer-
chandise upon a condition which involves a
lottery, gamble, or element of chance, similar
to what Is commonly known as a 'Suit Club
Plan'; provided, however, that this subsec-
tion shall not apply to nonprofit organizations
not definitely constituted to carry on retail
trade." Another of the amendments pro-
vides for the temporary reduction of store
hours for a period not to exceed 3 'consecu-
tive' months during the year, but no em-
ployee's weekly wages shall be reduced dur-
ing such period on account of such reduction
of store hours." The Code Is also amended
to exempt professional persons, watchmen,
guards and store detectives, outside salesmen,
and outside collectors from the maximum
hours of labor, but watchmen and guards
shall not work more than 56 hours in any
1 week nor more than 13 days in any 14-
day period. The provisions of the Code re-
garding the limitation upon the number of
persons working unrestricted hours was cor-
rected so that the total number of persons
who will be permitted to work unrestricted
hours shall not exceed a ratio to be computed
on the average number of employees during
the preceding 12 months.
Savings, Building and Loan Associations.-
Amendment approved August 24, 1934, au-
thorizes the Code Authority to incur reason-
able expenses in administering the provisions
of the Code and to submit a budget and
method of assessment upon which funds shall
be contributed by associations subject to the
Code. Such assessments are made manda-
tory by this amendment.
Saw and Steel Products Manufacturing In-
dustry.-Modification approved August 24,
1934, permits the Code Authority to incur
reasonable expenses in administering the pro-
visions of the Code and to submit a budget
and method of assessment upon which funds
shall be contributed by members of the in-
dustry. Such assessments are made manda-
tory by this amendment.
Steel Casting Induslry.-Amendments ap-
proved August 24, 1934, provides that no
agency or subdivision shall sell, or offer to
sell, any product at a price lower than the
price filed by a member of such agency or
subdivision; and for the addition of several
unfair trade practices to schedule D of the
approved Code relating only to miscellaneous
Wall Paper Manufacturing Industry.-
Amendment approved August 24, 1934, per-
mits members of the industry to sell products
below cost for the purpose of meeting com-
petitive prices, which competitive prices
themselves do not violate the provision of
the Code prohibiting the sale below cost.

Trade Complaints
The National Recovery Administration, during
the past week, approved pirns for the organiza-
tion of ngenclev and procedure for the handling
of trade practice complaints arising within the
following indu-trles:
Art Needlework Industry.
Commercial Refrigerator Industry.
Elevator Manufacturing Division of the Construc-
tion Industry.
Fire Extinguishing Appliance Manufacturing In-
Household Ice Refrigerator Industry.
Laundry and Dry Cleaning Machinery Manufac-
turing Industry.
Railway Car Appliances Industry.
Rubber Tire Manufacturing Industry.
Specialty Accounting Supply Manufacturing In-
Valve and Fittings Manufacturing Industry.

Amendments and Modifications


Code Approvals

Corrugated Rolled-Metal Culvert.
Pipe Industry. :
ApDroved Angrust 27, 1934-Effective Sepn-** .
temlrer 7, 1034. .
Establishes a 40 hour wee-k and 8-hour day ex-"'
cept for 12 weeks In any 26 week period daring. '"
which 8 hours per week overtime will be per-.'!"
nmitted. The limitatioon o hours does not apply '"i
to traveling salesmen nor to persons employed in"i.' l
a managerial or an executive capacity and receiy- :
tug $35 per week. Watchmen are permitted to :".'
work 56 hours per week but not more than 6 days ".
in any 7-day period. Five wage districts are pro- i;
vided In the Code, with minimum wages ranging .
from 40 cents to 80 cents per hour. The wage:i
districts are similar to those In the steel and Iron::
- Industry's Code as there is some interchange of::.%
employees between the two industries. ..44

Artificial Limb Manufacturing In.""^
dustry. '
Approved Anuguant 2S, 1984.-Effective Sep-. =i
member 17, 1084. ..
Establishes a 40-hour work week of not more 7
than 8 hours per day and 6 days per week. Em-
ployees engaged In emergency work involving
break-downs, or the protection of life or property.o
shall not be limited to the maximum hoar pro-
visions but shall receive time sad one-half the
normal rate of pay for all hours worked In excess...
ot the maximum. The Code provides a standardi'
minimum wage of 40 cents per hoar except foi5
accountants and clerical and office employees wh'o
are to receive $16 per week. Oe order of an
proval stipulated that further hearing may ',a
eld within 90 days on such provisions of the Cod
as the Administrator may designate. '

Marine Equipment MAanufacturinge'
Industry. ,
Approved August 27, 1984.-EffeftIve Sep`%if
member 8, 1934.
Establishes a 40-hour week except during *:
weeks In any 26-week period when overtime of 8.
hours per week will be permitted provided at leaI '
one and one-half times the regular rate of pay' .
shall be paid for all hours In excess of 40. Min
mum wages of 40 cents an hour are established
for both males and females, except In the southern
area where 82% cents an hour will he the .mini-
mum. In the order ofr approval the provisIonst4
prescribing a waiting period between the flllng';
with the Code Authority and the effective date orf.'
revised price list or revised terms and condltlotBs'i
of sale are stayed. The Administrator also or-'.
dered that the operation of all the provisions of:"
the Code be stayed as. to all parties subject theretf"'
Insofar as they may apply to the products of the'
gray Iron foundry Industry, the nonferrous foandry'!
Industry and the electrical manufacturing industry-'.
for a period of 60 days, during which time thJ
Code Authorities of these Industries and the marina;
equipment industry shall seek through conferences'.
to adjust their differences regarding the definition
of this Code. *"

Assembled Watch Industry.
Approved August 27, 1934.-Effective Sep, ....
member 6, 1934. 4
Establisles a basic 40-hour maximum work week
except during the months of September, October, M
November, and December, when employees ma ;
work 48 hours per week provided time and onq-;
half Is paid for all hours In excess of 40. Thel
minimum rate of pay for all employees Is 40 can '
an hour, except for learners and office boys an
girls, who shall receive not less than 80 percent- *,
the minimum Office and clerical employees shal
receive not less than $14 per week. The order.r
approval deleted section 0 of article VIII and sub
stitunted therefore a provision prohibiting the .'W,
turn of a watch after 60 days, except for deectie
in material or workmanship. The order of ap-
proval also amended section 14 of article II.
to prohibit inducement of breach in contractudi..
relations; and section 2, article Ill to provide .ro
a basic 40-bour maximum week for clerical em-=-
ployees, averaged over a 5-week period. .
Commercial Aviation Industry. .j'
Approved Augaust 28, 1984.-Effeetive Ueip-r
member 10, 1934.
EstablUshes a maximum work week of 40 hourt.
for clerical employees, 48 hours for mechanics and',
mechanics' helpers, and 54 hours for watchmenr.
caretakers, and general field utility employees. A.j
minimum wage of $15 per week is established for;i
employees In places of more than 50,000 popnla,.-
tion and $18 per week in places of less than 50,0006'.L
population. Provision Is made for an equltablet",`j
adjustment of wages above the minimum. A Code.
Authority Is provided and standards of fair corn-
petition with reference to pricing practices and1 :
rules of fair trade practice are established. .
Grass and Fibre Rug ManufacturinZ"i
Industry. :M.a
Approved August 27, 1934.-Effective gp-i,
member 10, 1034. .
Establishes a maximum work week of 40 boursn
except that during one period of 8 months in any..,
calendar year employees may work 48 hours pet '
week, provided that one and one-half times the .,
normal rate of pay Is paid for all hours In ex-V'Ji
cess of 40. A minimum wage of 82% cents anS
hour for both male and female employees is e:a-.
tablusbed and learners shall receive not less than'
80 percent of the minimum wage. A Code A.n-:.j
thorlty of five members is provided and rules 'ot;I
fair trade practice peculiar to the industry are',i
Electric and Neon Sign Industry. ^
Approved August 24, 1934.-Effective Sep-L
member 3, 1934. :
Establishes a 40-hour maximum work week exz
cept for watchmen who are permitted to work 54
hours per week. Employees engaged in emergency'r
maintenance and repair work are exempted hbnt.:
shall receive one and one-half times the normal5,
hourly rate for all hours worked In excess of the..
maximum. A minimum wage of $16 per week ls,-'
established for all employees. Part-time employeess:
working less than 40 hours per week shall receive.
not less than 45 cents an hour, while skilled emr-in
ployeeq shall receive 75 cents an hour for the 40-a..
hour week. A Code Authority of 12 members is
provided and rules of fair trade practice peculiar',"'
to the Industry are established. .:0

Wholesale Embroidery Trade. (A -
division of the wholesaling or dis-y"iN
tributing trade.)
Approved Auguist 24, 1934l.-Effective Sep-..-
tember 3, 1934.
Adopts the wage hour, and labor provisions' -
of the basic Codle which provide a 40-hour ma-l'..
mum wurk week and minimum wages of from $14":-.
to 15 weekly. A divisional Code Authority con-.'A
sistin g of four members selected from the mem-
bershlp of the Embroidery Merchants Association,
Ine, and one nonassoclatlon member to be named. :,
by the Administrator Is provided. Trade practice: :
rovtislons designed to meet conditions peculiar to "'
the trade are set forth in the Code .]


10 Z. ...;..1. . .t'

A VIII I I U, ' '- .: I , . ' ** l"' "I I I
-3--------- ---------

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The "ationecart describes thdfcionalstu fNAslts nutild eane ftecat Ew~h fih 'istratito otasS ant the '*I "QI ne .Ts~ta: tw dote outlin popes, ctevenern 14 produs;ion eipaper
io, oveingdthse omajrluters of mnfactued roucs.Thtre .ls~ topdaes n~mcludrmls grou ,;l dedv^'^ toetaedit otfe ratatralese
ar:C hemp i as paein als, a drugs, pape n ds rpaper, and thbecetrier o n u tries Ot he botoare"ldsr inO i t q p et r netdt illustratep ^ th^^ ^" e p l7 conc- ewe hs
--,.... .. .. b o e e d: -* . .

i n grops ordre byhe ay blario k proces show the'C ores inlue ian u thsdiiin.Teshaetioupedvmiz nther daivm isionu s^ er %0e e n Rti oe. ,^h O wihspl h mwt rdutv ahnr oties n
NSwbru' 2s es: _:N~itdldut s-- .

faThe Waond l wll eco Gre of raon act s.g aiiin- ist ti the new iesl^ ^ tt" " isi nibbr praper, haouner g its (rodies; an1 ode paper
.tdet.. hs epoIe-g others E 3actei

in~ idstris. organi tizcasfcainadaation stu.I mrc h Cds... '? : .ueriio, 2 er an. as9isant althei depuy.-
Comprs daing wihtchemicalsdrg paints, ae, and rubber Thei Crheii^D^.istmnu^ damli e itqre mano
T F _:I 1 1


S The above chart describes the functional set-up of NRA's latest industrial divi- remainder of the chart shows the economic links of this division to others: At the The two dotted outline boxes in the center (production equpme
sion, coveraling three major aiclusters of manufactured products. The three clusters top are the, basic matverials groups, which are coded together with other raw material
are: Chemicals, paints,and be and drugs; paper;o and rubber. Only the center tier of industries. At the bottom are indicated the distribution outlets for these industries r ser iurion between these
groups, bordered by heavy black lines show the Codes included in this division. The which are grouped in another division with other Wholesale and Retail Codes. the ones which supply them with productive machinery containers and

New Group Reclassifies Codes Dealing With Related -Induastries
The National Recovery Administration has an- In thesnew division there owill be approximately 116ti al paper, covering 14 Codes; and paper
nounced the formation of another industrial division Codes, including supplemental Codes. covering another 14 Codes. Each of these
in its organization set-up. It will embrace the CodeshemiclsioDs iided int h ajor under an assistant to the deputy.
comprising chemicals, drugs, paints, paper, and rubberT C i iTheRuaneaSitantoheadeputy.
in all of their various processing and f orms of manu- sections, viz, the chemicals, drugs, and paints admin- TeRbe etohae yadpt
facture and 'will be in charge of an acting division istration; the paper administration; and the rubber orator, has under its jurisdiction 12 Codes cov~
administrator. administration, products whose basic material is rubber. TI
This action is in line with the policy of the National The Chemicals,I Drugs, and Paints Section has under -are divided into 3 groups, each under thi
Recovery Administrator to bring under one adminis- it jurisdiction 7 Codes ad ilbeunethgnra sion of an assistant to the deputy. The firs2
trative head certain designated groups and their allied supervisioo72 d tandmin uders the general 10(ICodes covers the Rubber- Manufacturi
industries. In this reclassification and allocation, supesion-o2dep o Thissectry with its 9 manufacturing divisions an
Codes dealing with the chemical, drugs, and paints in- is broken down into 4 groups, viz, basic chemicals, coy- claimed Rubber Manufacturing.Industry. I
dustries will be assigned from division No. 3; those ering 44 Codes; chemical products, covering 12 Codes; group covers the Tire Manufacturing Idi
dealing with paper and its products, also from division paints, covering 12 Codes;a nd drugs, covering 4 Codes, the third group covers the Retail Tire an
No. 3, and rubber and its products from division No. 1. Each of these groups -will be under an assistant to the Trade. The wholesale trade will be covered
As soon as the reclassifications and groupings are com-deputy. supplementary to the Retail Tire and Batt
pleated, the existing and the new divisions created will deputy.-