The Blue Eagle ( June 25, 1934 )


Material Information

The Blue Eagle
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
United States -- National Recovery Administration
National Recovery Administration
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
June 25, 1934
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
1929   ( fast )
Depressions -- Newspapers -- United States -- 1929   ( lcsh )
Depressions   ( fast )
United States   ( fast )
Newspapers   ( fast )
Periodicals   ( fast )
Newspapers.   ( fast )
Periodicals.   ( fast )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 11, 1934)-

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 16917556
lccn - sn 87091090
lcc - AN14 .B48
System ID:

Full Text


Issued Weekly by the National Recovery Admciritrakion, Washington .

FtAppeals Board to
eals. Board to "No Small Business

'i Hear Complaints Suffers Because Its

of Small Business Owner Works Hard"
* After August first the Little Fel- "There is talk about the hardships
lows" wl do their own talking. l p imposed upon small business concerns
"lows'" will do their own talking. Up
-to the present time, the question of how by Codes. So far as the Retail Code is
2 small business men are weathering the concerned most of the complaints from
-NRA has been 'debated in generalities. small business concerns have been that
With the creation of the NRA Indus- the rules were notstringent enough. ** *
trial Appeals Board, the Administrator I know the trials and troubles of the
makes a big step forward. small merchant. In only one respect
-The function of this new Board is not con- does the Retail Code impose a hardship
fined to hearing and recommending action on on him.
complaints made by small business men, but o t w
Its main Job Is to study the practical prob- "He does have to work longer hours
Slems of individual small enterprise-s and to than he formerly did so his employees
find both the immediate answer aud the uld- may not work as long as they once did.
mate remedy. But I have never know a business to
Business Men Who Will Appeal suffer because its owner was forced to
STwo general types of business men will ap- work long and hard. Thousands who
Speal to the Industrial Appeals Board: One,
. the business manr, who has accepted his Code, have attained success have worked
complied with its provisions, but claims that longer and harder than any Code will
SIt is designed to eliminate him. His claim ever require.
may be that the Code favors the powerful
. units of the industry; that It creates a mruo- "The Retail] Code may take some bus-
nopoly. Whatever his charge, 'the facts will iness men off the golf course, or away
be found. i from other distracting diversions, but
If It appears that the Code is working un- the time ay come when they count
due hardship on this individual enterprise, the time may come when the ll count
the Board may recommend the granting of re- these seeming hardships as blessings."-
lief by exemption, exception, or modification. Front a Recent Radio Broadcast by
SThe second type of business man who will
appear before the Board Is one who is not Rivers Peterson, Chairman,
- complying with his Code on the grounds that Retail Code Authority.
compliance is suicidal. Reported violations _
'. have been filed heretofore with the Deputy
Administrator. Hereafter, violators whose
problems appear to be those falling within ts
the function of the Appeals Board will be FUl -tim e O outside
referred directly to it, In such cases, the
.Board wWi act in somewhat the capacity of S l s
the abolished National Compliance Bnda-rd. Sales an
. It will bear a case and recommend action .to ____
Sthe Administrator, always giving due consid-
:,eraslo to the actual effect of a Code of Codes Upon the application of the State NRA
Si-n lain..rt Compliance Director at DeLroit, Mich., th
I i&t-- ..*..i.rn.. ..' 'e. .IaNgQnaI .-ecovery.rAdministrator. has Issued
!-21. d w^ i eiperien accumu- outside salesman" under the Motor Vehiclh
WE- a -bthe three men comprising- this Board Retailing Trade Code.
,'In dealing with cases presented to them will It declares that "outside commission sales
be built up facts about NRA 0%des and small men ", '"full time outside salesmen ". an
enterprises. The Board is charged with the "regular salesmen '" have the same- meaning
duty of advising and making reconmmenda- and are interchangeable in use. The term'
tions to the Administrator, based on this ex- coUlectively or individually apply to all those
perience. employed only for the purpose of or assigned
The Administrator's order creating the .o- to the duty of selling new and or used motoi
dustrial Appeals Board is as follows: vehicles, and who are unrestricted as to hours
"There is hereby established a hoard con- and who are compensated on a commissloot
sisting of three members, to be appointed by basis.

the Administrator, which shall be known as
Sthe NRA Industrial Appeals Board, to act
on all qomplaInts of inequitable application
of codes to small enterprises or otherwise.
SThe Administrator will select three members.
"Such board shall:
"(a) Hear aid recommend to the Adminis-
trator the proper dispo.-ition of complaints
concerning NRA, especially those alleging
That code provisions are designed to or tend
to. eliminate, oppress, or discriminate against
SSmall enterprises, or to favor monopolistic
tendencies: and complaints of nouc:-mpliance
"(b) Advise and make recommendations to
the Administrator with respect to effect of
Code provisions on small enterprIsez.
S "Said board shall adopt rules governing
matters of procedure and organization."

i A Good Job-
0. R. Smith, president, Smith-Douglass Co.,
Inc., Norfolk, Va., says: "Judging from read-
Ing the papers only, you would think that
NRA was oppressing the small operator-that
it was working to the disadvantage of the :con-
sumer; In fact that It was all wrong any-
Sway. This is brought about, by the fact that
the great majority of workmen whose wages
have been raised, and operators whose busi-
l ness is on a more sound basis, beina satisfied
Sto say nothing. In the fertilizer industry I
know personally a large number of the op-
Serators and have yet to find a single one,
Either large or small, who has any ground to
feel that the Code is unfair to anyone."

SPioneering Under

NRA Codes
IThere Is something inspiring in the
to "ught that we can pioneer in some field of
t human knowledge and discover new facts
'. formulas for the benefit of our-
selves and our fellows." Harold R LloUne.
Executive director of the National Knitted
SO.uterwear Association, told that industry in
A.recent publication. "That is one of the
Most Interesting aspects of the self-regulation
Indnst*y under NRA Codes."

July 16, 19

NRA Plan Not Theoretiq!

Experience of Thirteen Months WVarrants Bei

New Policies Will Give Best Results to

Greatest Number in Any Industry

First of Series of Official Announcements Which Will Discuss Speci
Questions Relative to Codes Upon W\Vhich Official Policy- :
is-Yet to Be Designated-

NRA policy is not theoretical. It is the result of painstaking study of6
NRA practices'in industry and close observation of the effect of code p.@o.iQ
on industry.
Out of the experience of the last 13 months, the Administration has .t
oped certain rules which are designed to give the best results to the grea
number in any industry. Application of these rules or policies is a pract,
problem, not an arbitrary demand. The official statement, announced on'-
16, clearly indicates that. NRA does not intend to upset an industrial apple'
for the sole purpose of bringing that industry's approved Code into -line :
established policy. .,,
l pNor does NRA propose to force indbost
not yet codified, to junk Code provisions
Y ait L abel which they have labored and to which.,
U have finally assented even If such prois
Q ual ityL abedo not conform with a policy annom
after such provisions have been agreed..-;
City Purchasing Agents Want Inconsistent Policy Stayed "
Packaged Goods Specially In these circumstances, a Code, other
Mtarkedi acceptable, will be approved. The proii
akdi Kor any part of it inconsistent with. police&
bhe stayed. This simply means that thi
Purchasing agents of more than four hun- dustry must establish a sound reason *b
dred cities have asked that quality labeling requires a Code provision different froid
of packaged goods be mandatory "to Insure one which by experience has proved Itsl
the purchaser against fraud or Inferior qual- bring the greatest good to the gres
Ity." A resolution to that effect, passed by number. If such an Intdustry has ai..!
the Government Group of the National Pur- case, the nonconforming provision is .ii
chasing Agents Association at its recent con- effective. If they cannot show cause, theg.
ventlon In Cleveland, has just been received vision in question will be made to cq-l
by the NRA Consumers Advisory Board. with established policy.., :,
& The resolution cited the fact that many Industries operating under, approved
S commodities are sold in sealed- containers, which have .provislona3-icoi g
d and it is impossible Zor the, ph ase-.Uo,4.tite -'pole c-f M0
j-- a sin.g e i
S President Roosevelt" conditioned his ap- of Research 'a Pl
proval of the Canning Industry Code on the The ivisioi of Resea l
Wrill keep close watch on the op'erafi61&-6
following-: '"That the Industry shall designate Use
a committee whose membership shall be sub- such provision. As long as It' works
g ject to the approval of the Administrator and change wtlU be made. And by "works',
s who shall cooperate with the Administrator things are meant:
e in the formulation of standards of quality for First.-The provision must operate to 6
d products of the industry and to make recom- tuate the purposes of the Recovery Act
mr endations to the Administrator within 90 unaccounted for number of complaints I
3, days for the Inclusion In sad Code of pro- any group in the industry, protests I
a visions with respect to such standards and labor, the small operator, or the consul
labeling requirements." will cause an Immediate investigation nti
madegandeurens."actin ,'rtraenr. i, n -n

*Retail Cigarette Prices

Order Protects Small Dealers From Practice

of Using Tobacco as "Bait"

Administration Believes Conditions in Distributing Trades
Goes Beyond Healthy Competition

The National Recovery Administrator recently issued orders giving cost
protection to small tobacconists on an emergency basis by approving a mini-
mum mark-up binding all retail distributors. The orders will prevent the use
of cigarettes as "bait", a practice which has nearly eliminated small enterprise
from tobacco distribution.
The effect of the orders will be to permit maintenance of the present normal
retail prices for popular brands of cigarettes-10 cents a package for those
cigarettes priced by manufacturers at $5 or less per thousand and two packages
for 25 cents for other popular grades.
The mark-up basis is 5 percent on cigarettes of $5 or less per thousand,
manufacturers' list price, and 6, percent on other cigarettes, and the orders were
issued in conformity with the recently approved Codes for the Wholesale and
Retail Tobacco Trades. The tests of the orders are attached.
Retail Tobacco Wages 10% Higher
The Retail and Wholesale Tobacco Trades have supported the President's
program to increase purchasing power. The retail Tobacco Code, for example,
requires minimum wages more than 10 percent higher than those in the general
Retail Code. It is thought by NRA that every reasonable effort should be made
to insure such reasonable standards of competition as will permit the continued
payment of these wages. It is also important that in a trade so characterized by
small enterprises, a reasonable minimum of income should be insured to the small
storekeeper for whom, at the end of the week, such income as may be earned is

tantamount to wages.

(Continued on page 3, column 1)

It is thought probable that most Industrlr9
will make a stand to keep their own Coie
provisions, policy to the contrary. Iti s easy6
to understand this attitude when monthsXiof-
negotiation are recalled. Nevertheless, ..iA
telligent industries will study policy ver_.
closely.- They may discover that they c:
simplify their administration problems ..by1.
accepting the rule instead of maintaining.
themselves as an exception to a rule unde'r-
great difficulties. In this case, the Adminis-
tratlon will give prompt consideration to prin
posed changes. :.i
The Application of General Policy as offi
dclally announced will be guided in accordaine
with the following office memorandum: :'
Guidance of General Policy a"
"NRA Is endeavoring In the light of Its"'"
perience to formulate general policies so .tbh'd
interested parties and the organization lts e"
may know and work toward definite -NRAj
aims. .
This does not mean that every Code'in
process and not approved at the time of-ain
nouncement of a general policy must coB
form-in the sense of Including the type'!
provision favored by policy. Under certain.
circumstances, it might be manifestly unf_
to require substitution of a new clause af.
lengthy negotiations have finally resultedi.M
assent by the industry to a supposed ffinf
form of the Code. It would be equally .U
fair to the members of an Industry to.."'al
prove a provision and thus cause them toa
(Continued on page 3, column 4) :

V0l. I, No. 6





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'Code Aids Small

l.Auto Dealer

survey by "Automobile Topics"

Gives Cross Sectors of Dis-
1 . -tributor Opinion

Though their CodJe has been in operation
y-.6 months, nearly SO percent of the auto-
ile dealers of the Nation replying to a
.-tibnnaire on the effectiveness of their Code
eir..individual business situation, at-
'. .ffianmatively that it t had improved con-
..nthhem, according to Automobile

In'^-ew of the fact that the Code'was in-
)dyced only 6 months ago the response is
eeply significant, according to the publica-

-The survey tabulated a thoroughly repre-
ient.ative cross section of dealer opinion, tak-
S:.into account especially the small dealer
S..:.'dealers in outlying localities. Nearly
-. of the replies were from dealers who
d :less than 50 new cars during 1933, and
"a.rly 68 percent from dealers who sold less
gan.100 new cars last year. Less than 13
Mecebt of the answers were from dealers
o' sold more than 200 new cars last year,
and there were only scattering replies from
d. tributors, whose votes were counted only
ri-respect to their own retail operations.
f4o blocks of votes were counted.
Ji,.=- .Answers are General
l.tThe average operation represented by the
eonsolidated tabulation result sold 107 new
icars and 180 used cars last year, or 1.7 used
Ihrs for each new car. Answers were re-
ICeivred from -15 States and the District of Co-
lumbia, and from dealers representing 29
.A makes of automobiles.
l;-Only 24 percent of the replies were from
'ties of more than 50,000 population, nearly
E6 percent coming from the smaller cities and
towns and from distant rural places such as
.Waduchala, Fla.; Hardwick, Vt.; Sapulpa,
.Hbminy, and Euafula in Okiahoma.
...:;..Another interesting result of the survey
Iwas the fact that nearly 90 percent of the
'aealers attested to the Code's fairness to
the. consuming pubUl.-. A slightly smaller
number; 8S.1 percent, belleye it fair to the
dalers according to the survey.
i/:, Profit Quadruples
t:yOne letter from a very small dealer out In
"bne of the Dakotas said in part: While our
i.dbor pay roll increased about 20 percent our
D:et profit has increased four times over last
eyear. I feel that the abandonment of the
Code would be a terrific blow to the retail
.dealers. Enforcement must be continued on
V8an aggressive basis." He adds: "If there is
&anything we can do to maintain the Code we
"will not hesitate to devote all the time that
a-fS.requlred of us to help It along-without

Guides for Industry

". Representative trade associations should
.consider, as one of their functions In industry
planning, the determining of a basis that may
&:Srve as a guide for forward planning of each
indusry ", stated a recommendation of the
N.Trade Association Department Committee of
,%theUnited States Chamber of Commerce in
01a, recent report.


Get Permits

Handicap Workers May Continue
Labors Under the New
NRA Order

A clarification of the proper procedure for
securing homework certificates, under the
May 15 Executive order relaxing Code pro-
visions prohibiting homework In certain- in-
dustries, has .been made by the NRA Home-
work Committee.
The Executive order provided that handi-
capped persons may be permitted to engage.
In homework upon obtaining a certificate
from the State agency designated by the
United States Department of Labor. It was
specified that these certificates were to be
issued in accordance with instructions issued
by the United States Department of Labor.
On June 2 the United States Department of
Labor circularized Code Authorities affected
and listed the classes of homeworkers who
may secure homework certificates: (1) Those
suffering from a physical defect; (2) those
who must remain at home to care for an
invalid; (j8) those accustomed to homework
prior to the Code prohibition, and too old
to be readjusted to factory routine. Instruc-
tions were sent by the United States De-
partment of Labor, to govern issuance of
homework certificates, to agencies designated
by it in every State.
How to Get Certificates
However, confusion appears to exist, and
many applications for homework certificates
were sent to NRA offices in Washington.
Therefore, -to clarify procedure, the NRA
Homework Committee established by the Ad-
ministrator's order, made the following
Wherever a homeworker wishes to ob-
tain a certificate to do homework, he should
first contact the manufacturer who is willing
to give out homework. The manufacturer,
if he has not already been instructed by the
Code Authority of his industry, should con-
tact the Code Authority to determine the ad-
dreiss of the State authority to which applica-
tion for a homework certificate may be made.
Either the manufacturer or the prospective
homewvorker may make application for the
special Industrial Homeworker ,-ertiftiate.
The appllcatlon form must be signed by both
the worker and a representative of the firm
which Intends giving out work to be done at

Exhibitors Satisfied

General satisfaction with the operation of
the local clearance nnd zoning nd grievance
boards, industry self-governing units of the
Motion-Picture Code, was expressed by inde-
pendent exhibitors to the Film Daily, accord-
ing to a checkup by hiat paper on the Code's
operations since creation of the boards early
this year.
The independent exhibitors interviewed by
Ir stressed the fairness shown by both the
major and Independent distributors in con-
sIdering complaints filed with the local
boards, the -paper said.

Aluminum-Code Providi

11. Representative Membd

40-Hour Week: Women Doing Same Work

Men Receive Same Pay

The Administrator's order of appr:,val of
the Code for their Aluminumr Ilaut'try, whiih
tec-omnes effective for a 9l-day trial p-erioJ on
July 11, states that "' in view of the
objections which have been made to, said Ci',,de
arid which have received due and carefltl con-
sideration, it is In the public interest *I *
to put said Code into effect for a period of 90
days, in order to determine the extent to
which said Code will aid to promote the
policy and purposes of Title I of the National
Industrial Recovery. Act, with the pertinent..
provisions of which act I find that said Code
Its continuance for the trial period is sul,-
je,:t, however, "to the right reserved in the
Administrator to cancel or modify this order
of approval at any time" and Is subject fur-
ther to the following conditions:
The Administrator wUll cause an Invesitlgatl:,n
to be made during said 90-day period of the past
pi-ctlces of the Industry and any modication of
su,-b practices or effect upon eUi:h pracilcee, re-
suiting from thb provisions of the Code and u
report made to the Admninistrator at leait 1') unys
prior to the expiration of said till periou. in
order tnat he may determine the extent to whbii:h
thL Code has operated to protect small eriteiptpri.s-
from any alleged oppression or discrimination and
has aided to effectuate the policy of said title
of said act, and the Administrator will requ'.-stl
the aid of any other appropriate agnicies of ov.
ertmient in the making .,f such Investigation and
During said 90 day period the AdmLnistrator will
receive and investigate any complaints of uUnfair
competition in the sale of fabricated products at
pF rice constituting unfair competition. or oppress-
ng smail enterprises, or tending towsiid minipolpy,
or the Impalrmienit of Code wages and working
Maximum hours are prescribed as 40 per
week, with a normal work day of S hours,
but there are various exceptions.
Hourly Wages
Minimum hourly wages are 30 cents, 35
cents, and 37',2 cents an hour for various
classes of work. Female employees perform-
ing substantially the same work as male em-
ployees shall receive the same pay. Where
the minimum hourly wage in any plant on
May 1, 1934, was higher than the Code sched-
ules, that May 1 rate shall not be reduced,
except on the approval of the Administrator.
In a letter to the President informing him
of the approval, the Administrator gave the
background of its preparation as follows:
The original Code was presented on August 18,
1933, by the Association of Manufacturers In the
Aluminum Industry, an unincorporated member-
ship society organized In 1933, representing over
95 percent of the known members of the industry
and about 97 percent in volume of production. A
joint public bearing was held September 28, 1933.
at which the proponents of this Code, together
with those of the Secondary Aluminum Industry
and the Aluminum Fabricators Group, were heard.
A Code for the Secondary Aluminum Industry was
approved February 6, 1934, with a provision that
upon the election of the Administrator It may be
made a supplemental Code to this major Code for
the Aluminum Industry when approved. The
Code presented by the Aluminum Fabricators
Group represents a minority Interest of less than
3-percent activity and Is in direct conflict and
overlaps with the major Code for the Aluminum
Industry. The Code presented by the Association
of Manufacturers in the Aluminum Industry was
revised during the recess of the bearing and was
submitted In Its final form for approval. The
Aluminum Industry as outlined In the approved
Code embraces all steps in the industry from the
mining of bauxite, the beneflcatlon of bauxite, and
the reduction of alumina to virgin aluminum and
the subsequent fabrication of suh virgin aluminum
and the sale of such fabricated products.
The Code provides for a Code Authority of
11 members, each connected with a member
of the association and representing a.nd
elected by a Commodity Division, except that
the representative of Secondary Aluminum
shallU be elected by the Aluminum Research
Institute. No member of the industry shall
have more than four representatives and one
member Is to be elected to represent the
members of industry who are nuot members
of the Association. The Administrator of
NRA has the right to appoint up to three
members in addition to the above.

Engineering Gains


A total of 630,974.00 1)was reached in en-
gineering constn li-tion awards throughout the
country during the lirst half of 1934, acc(.ord-
oing to reports to the Engineering Ncevs-
Record. This Is a gain of 41.5 percCen over
the first 6 months of 1933, when the amount
was $445,6u8,000. June 1934, is 32 percent
ahead In dollar value of awards of June 1033,
and 9 percent ahead on the volume index
after adjustment for thic maximum 21 peL'r-
cent higher cost index.
Comparion by wi-uekly averages shows that
private work in June 1934 was 42 percent
below last year and for the average week to
June 30 was 10 percent below the first 6
months of 1433. The figures show that pub-
lic work is well ahead of the corresponding
period of last year. All territories show
gains in June over the same month of 1933
except the Middle West and the area west of
the Mississippi.

In order that the Code Authority shall"
all times be truly representative of the:
oustry and in other respects comply with ti
provisions of the Recovery Act, the Adal
istrator may prescribe such hearings as.1
may deem proper, and, if necessary, reqg
an appropriate modification in the method'A
selection of the Code Authority. .
Separate Commodity Divisions :
Each Commodity Division may separate
- prepare a supplemental Code of fair conui
tuition covering Its division and, through t
Code Authority, present same for approval!.
the President. "Neither the Association i
any of the other Commodity Divisions theca
shall have any voice in the preparatioa-':
such supplemental Codes or such amei
It is provided that If any action of *t
Code Authority or any agency thereof:
unfair or unjust or contrary to the pnbi
interest, and it is shown to the Admini-ti
tor that a prima face case of inequity.
resulting therefrom, the Administrator m41
require the Code Authority to show ca"'
within 15 days why its action should notal
suspended, pending investigation. Thler
after he may suspend the Code Authority'
action, If he is of the opinion that ineqdiN
It is specified, as in all Codes, that "n
provision of this Code shall be so applied a
to permit monopolies or monopolistic prai
ties or to eliminate, oppress, or discriminas
against small enterprises."
Protects Small Companies ..;
Trade practices designed to protect smJ
companies which do not produce raw mated
als, specify that-
No member of the Aluminum Industry wh
produces aluminum Ingot from virgin alamlna
alone, or from virgin aluminum in comnLnaUo-
with scrap, which has not left his possession, ab
discriminate under like conditions in 'the price
charged for such ingot (whether charged to hid
self In case or fabrication prior to sale, or charge
to others, in case of sale for fabrication), eit'
between himsetf and controlled companies on',l
one hand and other purchasers on the other hala
or between such other purchasers. .."
Such ingot to the .rte t At, -is avafflible
be sold to anyone whods'Acedit warrants
Tided, That nothing herein contained shall be".,t
strued to prohibit such member from mle'
prices quoted for imported aluminum In any
elflc Instance whiih shall be reported to the nsen
tary of the Code Authority within 10 days a i
a sale or quotation by such member at snch.-:li
price, together with a statement that such pride
was made for the purpose of meeting such comps
titlon. Provided further, That nothing in thi
article shall impose any liability on such meT
ber by reason of quotations or sales made will
out intent to discriminate or made to meet far-
elgn prices believed in good faith to have been
The provisions of this article shall not is
subverted ,sr evaded directly or indirectly, by ad
manufacturer resorting to special trade allowances
secret rebates, dealing with subsidiaries or co:
trolled companies in this country or abroad, specil
allowances for scrap or materials returned, inordi-l
nate cash discounts, or subterfuges of any kid.
Reports and data pertinent to the administration
of tbhis article shall be furnished the Administratot
on request, and any complaints of ooncompU&a.M
may be referred to the Code Authority for ConD
sideration and appropriate action.
It is provided that the Code Authority shall
study the operation of this trade-practice artUi
cle and not later than 6 months from J'uMIl
shall report fully to the Administrator Uig
results of such study and the provision
At the termination of such 0 months' study thi
Code Authority, or. if the Code Authorty refuas.
to act, any affected party, may recommend to tlb
Administrator amendments to this article which
shall become effective upon approval by the Ad.
ministrator after notice and public hearing.
This does not prevent the Code Authorityl,
or any representative group, proposing any
amendments to the Code at any time. "7

Cinders, Ashes Under

Trucking Code '

An example of the process of code coonr
nation is nfforded in ain application tubmittl
to the Administrator and signed by a ME
jority of the members of the Code Autborit
for the cinders, ashes, and scavenger trad
to be placed under the trucking code, insofi
as its transportation operations arc conoernl
and its construction operations under tl
code of the construction industry.
As the Code Authority for the petitloni
industry has not completed its formal organ
ization and there is a difference of opini!
expressed b y various. members, announcemei
was made that a public hearing will be bed
July 17.
Most of the operations of this trade 4
trucking operations, although there is a vlI
variation in the nature of its activities=!
different lca:ilities. In some cities and towl
the work is done by the municipalitYiTiF
others under long-term contracts with a ml
nicipality, and in still others there is a CO.
flict of interest between members of:i
scavenger trade and hog farmers. :

VM- ... .

-1. ... -- . .., ...%.."7.... . .

.>eds More Stops Piracy of Designs Blue Eagl

SElectricity Silk Textile Code Protects Half Million Dollars for Copper

-.Over Four Million Additional Kilo- Annually Invested in Preparation of Stamps NRA Insignia on Produlct
Watt Hours Required to Take Exclusive Styles and Patterns Signs Cooperative Agreement
C are of Industry Upturn Xm n' X r with Code Industry 3
in A,"m- c vLp r

:: The National Electrical Manufacturers As-
9 soclation has noted an estimated additional
needed generating capacity for electricity by
Sthe fall of 1935 of 4,200,000 kilowatt-hours,
i according to a recent bulletin, noting encour.
aging signs for the electrical manufacturing
i industry.
The bulletin said: "The members of the
Transformer Section recently had the pleas-
are of studying a statistical survey, the fig-
urea of which, if only partially correct, should
give other elecrricalt manufacturers something
encouraging to anticipate, for a change."
"Present load building results Indicate that
new load added on the upturn in business
will be greater than that during the down-
ward trend instead of less as estimated here."
(Survey statistics.)
"The basis for the cnclusions arrived,"
States the bulletin. "Is the estimated new load
which has been added since the peak of 1929."
Reflecting optimism, it continues: Be-
tween constantly increasing load, new gener-
sating equipment to provide the extra -ervice,
line extension, maintenance and repair, and
new appliances and power consuming and dis-
tributing devices which will facilitate con-
I gumption, it looks as if the electrical manu-
Sfacturing industry as a whole can take heart
and look forward."

*Retail Cigarette

I Prices
.(C.:ntinued from page 1
The remedial provisions, which are em-
bodied in two orders-one for the Wholesale
Tobacco Trade raind one for the Retail To-
bacco Trad?--have been calculated to estab-
lUsh a fair minimum price for the retail sale
--of cigarettes, which will at the same time
Snot raise existing prices (except for stores
Swhi:.h have used cigarettes as bait").
Minimum wholesale prices are established
at a very low level, substantially below the
Current quotations of wholesalers. These
wholesale prices, again, are not established
with a view to insuring any wholesaler a
t, rofitijut rathel- to stabilize competition in
.:. :.Ii. i|slese Tobacco Trade so that there
M'illbae. less tendency to intensify price cut-
flDfg fi the Retail Trade. In both cases, the
margins established are low enough so that
no distributor will be deprived of the advan-
tages of bis efficiency.
S Prices Fill Emergency
* These prices are distinctly of an emergency
nature and are to bie effective for a period of
approximately 90) days. Meanwhile, the NRA
SDivision of Research and Planning has been
directed to make a study of their operation
so that NRA may be able to decide at the end
Sof the period whether a continuation will be
necessary or advisabl-e.
Codes of fair competition for the Retail
and Wholesale Tobacco Trades were signed
on June 9 and 19. It has long been a matter
iof common knowledge, because of the use of
Tobacco products, particularly cigarettes, ns
"bait" that the tobacco distributing trades
Composed preponderantly of small ;storekeep-
ers, have been suffering from severe price
com petrition.
NRA cannot guarantee any form of enter-
prise a profit. Furthermore, competition
with respect to price is considered desirable
Sby this Adminictration because it is re.-ne-
nized that evolution toward morre efficient dis.
tribution, with consequent benefits to the pro-
dneer of raw materials as well as to the cou-
-snaer, has generally resulted from most
co)mpaetiJon1, including competitive pricing
S- practices. This does not mean, however, that-
Sunrestricted price cutting can be permitted.
k: Beyond Healthy Price Competition
NRA believes that the situation which has
arisen In the tobacco distributing trades goes
beyond healthy price competition. It has
become the practice of -large retail merchants.
primarily engaged in the distribution of other
products, to use cigarettes as bait" to at-
tract customers, often disposing of them at
ipPrices below the cost of these articles to the
seIll independent merchant. This has been
Possible because of certain merchandising
characteristics of cigarettes; they sell for a
low price, are widely advertised, are of unl-
form quality and package, and are almost a
daily purchase of the consumer. They are
Sold In quantities by large retail distributors
'hose cigarette business is for them only a
side line, at prices substantially lower than
the wholesaler can afford to quote to Inde-
pendent retailers. The consequence, particu-
larly during these time-s of depleted resources
far the small merchant, has been to place in
eopardy the livelihood of many thousands of
them and their ability to maintain labor
S 'Administration Makes Careful Study
For the foregoing reasons, when the tobacco
distributing codes were approved and the
Code Authorities, which were promptly eastab-
,Ushed, had requested the declaration of an
mergeney and the fixing of minimum prices,
R..MPt attention was given by the Adminis-
LM:. ":.

II V ULLII.,II 3 VT ',tdi

Federal District Attorney in New York and'Litigation

Division of NRA Get Court Decision Favorable
to Silk Textile Industry

The recent decision of a Federal District Court in New York upholding a
Silk Textile Code provision prohibiting piracy of designs and styles is of major
importance to the more than 50 other industries whose Codes 'include similar
Upon complaint of the Silk Textile Code Authority that a New York man-
ufacturer had been working on a design registered by another firm with the Tex-
tile Design Registration Bureau of the Silk Association of America, Inc., the
Blue Eagle was withdrawn from the offender and the case was referred to the
Litigation Division of NRA.
Petition for an injunction brought by the Would Undersell Original Designer
United States District Attorney in the South- It Lis at this point that the pirating manu-
ern District of New York, assisted by repre- facturer has appeared on the scene. As soon
sentatives of the Litization Division, re.suited as a design caught the public fanoy some un-
in the decision, on July 11. enjoining perma- scrupulous manufacturer would promptly pro-
nently violation of article VIII, section 5, of reed to copy It in every detail and market it
the Silk Textile Code, which reads as follows: at once under his own name. Since the copy-
No employer shall take orders for. or Ing manufacturer had no designing costs, no
print, or jacquard weave any design not reg- losses from the failure of other designs to
Istered with the Textile Design Registration attract the public, and the advantage of the
Bureau of the Silk Association of America, Prirlr advertising, be would easily undersell
Inc., or its suc,-essor; Qr do any work on any the manufacturer of the original design.
registered design .xcept with the written con- Buyers of the original design would be forced
sent of the persi n making the registration, to cancel their orders, since they were unable
This rule shall not apply to sewing threads, to compete with rivals who bought from the
tie fabrics, tinsel fabrics, and flosses." pirate" at lower price s.

Cope With Design Piracy
When the members of the silk textile in-
dustry met last fall to frame a Code of Fair
Competition for their trade, they realized
that they were at last in a position to cope
effectively with the evil of design piracy.
The protection of ori"-irnal designs had long
been the chief problem of the silk textile
trade. While design piracy, a general phrase
used to describe the unauthorized copying by
one manufacturer of the designs, patterns,
and styles of another, was prevalent in many
"style" industries, It was probably present
in Its most aggravated form in the silk textile
Manufacturers of high-grade silks would
expend large sums in an attempt to procure
new and suitable designs, some firms spend-
ing more than half a million dollars annually
on designs, art, and fashion production.
Naturally, only a few of the designs pre-
sented to the public each year catch Its fancy,
and the rest, victims of the unpredictable
whims of the consumer, are of necessity dis-
carded. The manufacturer must therefore
be able to make a profit on the popular de-
signs sufficient to cover the losses sustained
on the other designs.

Canton's Excellent


Busin,--ss and industrial conditions In ('an-
ton, Ohio. for the first 6 months of 1934
showed a remarkable increase over the same
period of 1933, according to statistics com-
piled and released by the Canton Chamber of
,omm'er. -e.
Industrial employment in Canton on June
1, 1934,. was approximately 73 percent greater
than at the same time last year and more
than 100 percent than on June 1. 1932. Num-
ber of workers employed in Canton factories
on June 1, 19341, was greater than at any
time since the last quarter of 1929.
Retail sales in Canton for the first half of
1934 averaged from 50 to 70 percent better
than during the same period of 1933. Oar
loadings for each of the 6 months of 1934
ranged from 60 to 90 percent greater than
during the same months of last year. Bank
clearings were 70 percent better during April,
May, and June of the present year than they
were during the corresponding months of 1933.

tratlon to a study of the subject, with a view
to providing such protection as might seem
necessary. Studies submitted indicate that
the lowest reasonable cost (f the wholesale
distribution of cigarettes is around 71.;j per-
cent of the selling price, and of retail distri-
bution around 20 percent. They ohow that,
to establish minimum pric'-s so as to Insure
recovery of these margins by tobacco dis-
tributocrs would in some Instanc:es raise pre-
vailing prices of cigarettes as much as 2
or 3 cents a package. Therefore, the ac-
tual mark-up fixed Is substantially less
than the lowest reasonable costs indicated.
The studies also Indicate that an important
reason for the present inadequate operating
margins is the use of cigarettes as "bait
by unrelated retail trades.
or fanrtber Itorimatlion relating to ithis order see
story p. '3, col. 3.

MaoeUuver, iu iew o te L.t cuounuoer 9 Uesire
for new styles and especially of a woman's
dislike to appear In a dress similar to that
which her next-door neighbor Is wearing, the
life of the original design was considerably
shortened, further decreasing the profits of
the manufacturer originating and first pre-
senting the design to the public. The design-
ers as well as the reputable manufacturers
suffered from the piracy, for the latter hesi-
tated to employ designers under such circum-
Registration Bureau Establishes
The reputable manufacturers made deter-
mined efforts to combat this piracy. They set
tip a Design Registration Bureau as a central
clearing houee for designs and In a "code of
honor" agreed to respect registered designs.
But In general that was merely an agree-
ment on the part of the honest manufacturers
to remain honest-the pirates refused to join
and the plan was doomed to failure.
The National Industrial Recovery Act, with
Its offer to industry to enter into enforcible
codes of fair competitionn offered a solution.
The silk manufacturers saw the possibilities
and accordingly section 5 of article VIII
was written into the fair trade practice sec-
tion of their Code.

Underwear Makers

Ship and Bill Goods

"When Manufactured"

The National Recovery AdminIlstratlon has
exempted until August 1, members of the
underwear and allied pr:duts manufacturing
industry from tiat provision of the Code re-
garding advanced dating. The relaxation of
the provision is necessary to meet the present
seasonal production of the industry pending
an amendment of the Code, It was stated.
The ,.'rder -specides that on advaune orders
for fall merchandise, calling for delivery on
or before August 1, the seller may ship and
bill such merchandise when, manufactured"
on terms not in excess of those stated in the
Code, with an allowance of interest at the
rate of 6 percent per annum from the date of
maturity of the bill to the date when the bill
would have matured if rendered according to
the date of delivery named in the order.
The application for the exemption was
made b7. the Code Authority after a commit-
tee It -ad appointed had made a study of
the problem and canvassed the industry. The
effect of the exemption will be of benefit to
many of the manufacturers, particularly the
smaller ones. since It will have the effect of
enabling them to obtain help from the buyers
in financing their operations.
Under the provisions of the Code the manu-
facturer Is not allowed to invoice goods be-
fore the date of shipment specified in the
order. The manufacturer must carry the
entire burden of financing his merchandise
until on some later date although he may
ship the goods at an earlier date. It was ex-
plained that under the exemption the manu-
facturer may ship bis merchandise at any
time prior to the shipping date specified in
the order and to invoice tje buyer as of the
shipping date: at the same time allowing the
buyer an additional discount of 6 percent
on the face value of the invoice, for the time
which the actual shipping date antedates the
specified delivery date.

Users of more than 95 percent'of all'-'
copper consumed in the United States baia^
signed temporary purchase agreements:, 'vr.
the Code Authority which permits themf
stamp their products with the Blue EagT0Il
The Code Authority also asked fabricats
and all users of copper to report copperec.on.
tent of new sales commitments made fron
March 22 to June 30, by months and amount
of new copper and scrap purchased in tali
period, with dates and names of suppliers.,*
The purpose is to obtain a trub picture:
the condition of copper stocks at the beg6'
ning of the Code, and a letter sent'-ad
Inasmuch as the contemplated 'h5
agreements are to be based on sales.
mirments, the information requested .-
accurate data on the condition of busN"
and enable both consumers and producer|
Judge what new volume of business ls':a'v
able. Some mills use only new copper:, iw
others purchase a large percentage ofr.s!al
It must be recognized that scrap flows".ba
to the market through various channelsaan'
must be absorbed. It is not the intentiorif&
the operation of the Copper Code to upsael
any way the well-established practice.- 0
many mills to use scrap as they al ways',..
but it is essential that accurate informal'
be made available so that this may no.t)e
used to defeat the purposes of the OodeP'^.

NRA Plan Not'..,

(Con ti ued from page 1) "
Just their practices to conform thereto, wien
the provision is so framed as to require isu
sequent change or eliminarion.-."
Change in codes designed to. bring thin
into conformity with policy will be requiret
only to the following extent: *.
1. As to pending Codes: .,.,.E
"When in final form and asented.. to 1$
the industry,p before the date of annouine
meant of a general policy, the Code,' -If..oh
wise acceptable, will be approved. Howevezf
provisions flatly inconsistent with the esse
tials of such policy will be stayed, to the;.e"
tent of such Inconsistency, until the Lndusi..
shows why such portions should not be:par
manently stayed or made to conform in suiE
stance to such policy. .'
"2. A-s to approved Codes: .'3
"(a) There will be no change so long a,
such a provision is causing no difficulty, bu
in such cases the Research and Plannin
Division and deputies must observe operiat
tion ; ;
"i ) Whenever desired by the industry oi
whenever the occasion is appropriate, change
will be effected; ..
".ci Whenever such observation reveals'
that such a provision in operation-is troublle'-
some administratively or is not operating,'in
harmony with the purposes of the act, the
matter must be taken up with representatives|
of the Industry and thereafter stayed unless;
a satisfactory modification can be effectedi
with sufficient promptness."

Building Costs Droff.

Although the general building cost Is 28.
percent higher than a year ago, there, haCII
been a drop of SA- percent since the first ofR
this year. Also costs at present-are appre.-:r!
clably lower than in 1932 and 28.8 percent."
below 1929 figures, according to a composites
index prepared by the Dow Service. .'
"To be sure, building costs have Increased'
like nearly everything else from the all-time.:
lows of a year ago", writes Myron L. Mat-',
thews in the current Dow Service Buildingi
Reports; but when current prices and
wages paid on actual construction projects
are compared with cost for other periods,..
the index shows: .
BvILDiPo CosTS .i
March 1934--------- 71.5 1r30o. 9------- ..
October 1933------- 66. 8 19"9-------- lOtw'S1
July 1933 ---------- 55.0; 19'8 -------- 99.41,
1932 -------------- 72.0 (:192--------- 99. l5j
1931--------------- 84 0; 1926 -------- 100. O,
Continuing his analysis, Mr. Matthews, .
says: "The lowest index being 55 for Julyl-
1933, and the 1929 figure being 100.3, a range
of -15.8 points, exact attainment of half re
turn to 19"29 building cost would pilce thO
index at 77.65, whereas it stands at the.i
March figure of 71.5, with no indication that.
it will go higher for the present. There .s'i
supporting evidence in many quarters to thed
belief that there will be a further slight 'i
cession, though not enough to encourage pros-'
pective builders to await a better market *.,-|
"It is considered unlikely that the market
will for years to come be more attractiveAl
than It Is at the present." '.

. .".., .. .. i^ ,,. .. -*.. -. ..*^..";* ;.=- .: ., ,. ... .. .... . . M uS .. .- a;, -A L .

~4~:: :.- 2 -.

..Helps Housing Program Hosiery

reductionn of 15% in Lumber Prices Brought Industry Asks Higher Wage
Abou by NRA Suport of Ad -' Shorter Hours and Curtails
i About by NRA in Support of Adminis- ofKnitting Machinery

tration's Building Plan

S search and Planning Division Studies Material Bills to

.I,:.:. Determine actual Cost of Average House

`y -Effective July 20, the housing and building materials consumer will receive
"he benefit of reductionsof between 14 and 15 percent in all lumber products, as
'Ault of cooperation between the retail lumber industry, the lumber and timber
dusfry1 and the National Recovery Administration in support of the Admin-
ittation s general housing program. ______________
sltPes on some 60,000 items produced by
tlqut. 82,000 units In the lumber and timber amended, such approval and such amendment to
gducty industry will be lowered, primarily tface effect on tue date hereof, provided that such
i .permlt the potential consumer of low-cost approval and such amendment may be suspended
fonsing units to buy more of the Industry's or modided by the Administrator upon good cause
ducte.n To Illustrate the extent to which 8 Eshown to the Adrmniultrator by any latel ested party
luctl. To fliustrate he extent to R he within flttn.-n (15) days from the date beteof.
ie will drop, officials of the NRA Division HUGH S. JOHNSON,
.Rekieareh and Planning pointed out that Administrator for Industrial Rtotvery.
rice of Southern pine after July 20 will Approval recommend--d:
.'-.from late 1929 and early 1930 levels to BaitroN W. MuaRut,
,f'iof mid-1930, while prices of Douglas tifih,,ii Admilntstrotar.
I'pt.evlously at 1929 peak levels, will de- Washington, D.C.,
Send to late 1930 levels. These two classes July d, lus,
J"'Itute about two-thirds of the Industry's ORDER
tput. No. 9-46
Is approximately 15 percent drop In re- DUSRIE rlMBE PRODCT IN
-t.and produce prices was brought about as o
qsult of action taken In connection w-ith the Decaration of Emergency sand Determination of
seaonat, e Cost of Items and Ciassldcatlons of
tetall Lumber Code and the Code for the Lumber and Timber Products and Rules and
.mber and timber products industry. Re- Regulations itor the Application Toereof.
whereas, Article IX Section tai, of the Code of
bintons in the retail price to ultimate con- Falr Competition for tbe Lumber and timerr Prod-
tumers of lumber of from 4.4 to S'L, percent ucts Industries provides in part as trollows-r
&e effected June 28, under an order by the '" Section lai, (1) Whi:never the Code Authority
tst i t c m determines that an emergency exIsts in the Indus.
lstrator revising the so-called modal tries or In any division or subdivision of the ln-
iark-up established In the Retail Lumber d,-stries, such as to render Ineffective or to serl.
lde. Provisions in the Code provided for ously endanger the maintenance of the purposes
and provisions of this Code or of tee Act and the
Itaddminlstrative action, and approximately Code Authorityv certlilesits conclusions based on
O,00 retail lumber dealers were affected, such determinations to the Administrator, or the
e.modal mark-up Is the percentage which Administrator determines on his own initiative,
WN.'res ur. deaer must add o h that an emergency exists as herein set forth, the
.etal lumber dealer must add t is Administrator may thereupon declare such an
fI.oce cost for expenses of administration, emergency to exist. p
failing, and storage, when he sells to the "(2) Thereupon k PoneIltcatlo of the Code
iigmer. Under the NRA ruling the per- AuthorIty, and If he shall ad that It Is necessary
lloer. dn dr oppe roln aote 42 to tbe maintenance of the purposes and provisions allowed was dropped from about 42 of this Code or of the Act that reasonable costs of
a of cost to about 80 percent or an Items and classifications of lumber and timber
ge of 5 percent off the sales prices, products and rtles and regulations for the appit-
et~ge donation thereof, be determined and established by
LINb 9uently, on July 16, the Recovery him daring the period of that emergency the Ad-
ttr, aring approved an amend- mLnstrator may determine or cause to be deter-
timined In accordance with such rules and regana-
09'p6.' the-*Lumber and Timber Products tons as he may prescribe, the f.o.b. mill and/or
a'iMathoriing this attion, simultaneously delivered reasonable cost of any or all ltpms and
rmlned that an emergency exists in the classcations 6 lumber and tmber products and
e t a e rules and regulations for the application thereof.
aFber and timber products industry, "threat- Notice of such reasonable cost and snch rules and
g'to render ineffective and to seriously regulations, when determined as aforesaid, shall be
U.liger the maintenance of the purposes given to the Industries In soch reasonable manner
e I as the Administrator may direct, provided that for
M, provisions of the Code and the Indus- any species such costs for the respective grades
ilia Recovery Act." To cope with the emer- and items shall be in reasonable proportion to the
o, cy the Administrator ordered that certain market prices of such grades and htems durlna
reprbsentatlve period, provided further, that the
ce classifications be established, reasonable cost of any item or classifitcation of
S" said products shall not be established unless and
C- ost of Average House untU reasonable costs are at the same time estab-
ITn working out these classifications, the lashed for such other Items or classifications of
l. woo-Pning o nd Researcbwh u t mbher and timber products as are sold or offered
ivilson of Planning and Research, which is for sale, in competition therewith: Provided,
Raged by the order to make a full study of further, that In determining said reasonable costs,
te operation of the costs and the flexible the Adminisltrator shall make provision for eqult-
s a relation s osed bytne oder able differenrials within specified limitations for
uejs and -regulations imposed by the order, products below accepted standards of quality, such
aAlyzed actual material bills to determine as theproducts of some small mills or for the pur-
5i cost of an average house, and thereby pos e of securng the equitable application of such
reasonable costs, and provided further, that said
imputed that the new prices revealed a drop reasonable costs shall be established with due re-
p" from 8 to 10 percent under present prices. gard to the maintenance of free competition among
'transmittingspecies, divisions and sobdilvisions, and with the
asmlrting the order to the Administra- products of other Industries and other countries.
ir:and the deputy administrator pointed out "(3) Thereafter during the period of the emer-
iLat "-this reduction In prices represents the agency and until the Administrator shall have de-
.iber and timber products Industries' conn- cleared that solid emergency has ceased to exist
such reasonable costs and such rules and regular.
b.ution toward lower construction costs and tIons for the application thereof hall constitute
rb submitted for the purpose of cooperating tbe minimum prices for such items and classifica-
f the Adminaist ration's building construc- ftions of lumber and timber products for which
fh the Adm strationsuch costs and rules and regulations have been de
Lh program." It was further pointed, out termined and no person subject ro the Jurisdiction
at the greatest pri:,.e drop occurred in build- of this Code shall sell or offer to sell or otherwise
' e Idispose or any product of the industries for which
*g' interials used In the average low-cost such re-asonable costs and rules and regulations
MUsing unit, for the application thereof have been determined
The new prices will be in effect, under as hereinabove set forth, at a price less than such
ile I s on (a) 3 of the C, "until reasonable cost so established, or otherwise than
tile IX, etion () 3 of the Code, "until In accordance with such rules and regulations.
ie. Administrator shall have declared that "141 During the period of the emergency any
id-emergency has ceased to exist." determination of reasonable cost and any rules and
The orders approving the amendment and regulations for the application thereof.'may upon
application of the Code Authority or upon the Ad.
iclaring the emergency in the Industry minlstrator's own Initiative, be revised from time
ists, together with determination of rea- to time at reasonable Intervals or suspended as
In changes eIn circumstances or experience may Indl.
mnable cost of Items and classifications of cate; and, it the Code Authority shall determine
unber and timber products and rules and and so certify tu the Adminlstrat.:i that the appil.
igulatlona for the application thereof cation of reasonable costs and rules and regula-
Mlows: tions applicable thereto result In injustice, in-

i. Lumber-Executive Order
S,. 9-47 (A-mend. No. 15)
' -An application having been duly made pursuant
'O,and In full compliance with the provisions of
lIje I of the National Industrial Recoverv Act
approved,June 16, t1933, for approval or an amend-
ment to the Code of Fair Competition for the
iumber and Timber Products Industries, and an
opportunity to be heard thereon having been duly
Afforded to all Interested parties and the annexed
report on said amendment, containing findings
ith" respect thereto, having been made and directed
tb the President:
:..NOW, THEREFORE. on behalf of the President
obf the United States, I, Hugh S. Johnson, Admin-
istrator for Industrial Recovery. pursunt to au-
thority vested In me by Executive Orders of the
President, Including Executive Order 6543-A, dated
December 30, 1933, and otherwise, do nerebty in-
corporate by reference, said annexed report and
d0" find that said amendment and the Code as
constituted after being amended comply in all
respects with the pertinent provisions and wilJ
promote the policy and purposes of said Title of
.aid Act, and do hereby order that said amendmr-nt
be and It Is hereby approved, and that the pre-
flous approval of said Code Is hereby modified to
Include an approval of said Code In Its entirety as

trquulllj, Ouijusi Oiscrimlnation. or unrair compe-
tition within the lumber and timber products In.
dustrles., thereupon, unless such determination
shall hare been arbitrary, capricious, or based
upon no substantial evidence, the said reasonable
costs and rules and regulations applicable thereto
shall be forthwith susp-ended by the Administrator,
said suspension to be effective 6ie 16 days after
the filing of said certidcate by the Code Au-
thority ; and
Whereas, pursuant thereto the Code Authority
has certified to the Administrator that an emer-
gency exists In said Industries, threat.-rni ng to ren-
er Lneffecti'e or to seriously endanger the main-
ti-nance of the purposes and provisions of that
Code and of the Act. and
Whereas, the Deputy Administrator has rendered
the annexed report on said emergency, containing
flndines with respect thereto, anil
Whereas, the Administrator has determined that
an emergenrcvy xliss throughout sild Industries
threatening to rende' inelffectlve or to seriously
endanger the maintenance ..f the pu poses and pro.
visions of said Code and of the .ct, and
Wherens. the Administrator has found that It
Is neeseasry to the mnintenrance of thle provisions
of sald Code and of the Act thb't the reasonable
ccst of Items and elnssldcatlons f lumber and tim-
ber products and rules ind reculitions fr.r the ap
plicat on th,:ieof he determined and -establlshe-d by
hm during the period of said emerr'n e and
Whereas, the Admlnlstrat-.r has -fouiJd that the
reasonable costs of Items and clasiflcations of
lumber and timber pioducts set forth In Exhibits
marked "" to 45 "Ine-lusive lesiept Nos. 11.
13. 17, 41' attached hereto, entitled Lumber Code
Authority Bulletin. Volume II. Numbers 3 to 47
(Oontinued.on page 8. column 4)


Higher wages and shorter hours In t
hosiery industry were asked in prop,-s'
amendments submitted by its C'de Authorl
to the National Recovery Administration in
recent public hearing a proposal was consl
ered also to curtail the operation of klinittil
machinery between July 1 and September
for two weeks, each plant to select the tw
weeks It prefers, the weeks to be consecutI
or not, as the plant may choose.
The Code now provides for a 40-hour weg
The Industry asked for establishment of a I
hour week.
The wage rates established by the Cod
aud thuse proposed follow :

Full-Fashioned Manufacture

E- r.. a.. E.,
i.n .u n
CLAsStflCaTION Or z & ., l5I
WORIKERS.^ ^ g| |
V,5 tts meGd .
U-- -

las. I1: Leggers, footer "
it gage and below.... $18b 60 t16 7E, .20 00 H$1
39 gage............... 20 00 18. 0 1 24.00 21
42 gige.------------- 21 50 19 50 28 00 25
4bgage.............. 23 E0 A1 25 33 00 20
48 gage.............. . 60 23.500 39 00 3b.
51 egape and abore.... 27 50 24. 76 46. 00 41.
Class 2: Boarders......... 17.00 15.o60 2u 00 18.
Claa3" 'Toppers, loopers,
seamers, skein winders,
menders, palters, fin-
ished I o.peciors, help-
ers on knJitting (over 6i
months' training,
palrer-rolders............ I 0 0 I18.60 16.60 11.
C lass -I: Stampers, boxers,
gray examiners, fraiolders,
cone-winders, other pro-
duction workers, learn-
ers (Including machine
helpers, for the second
3 months of their train-
Ing..................... 13.00 12.00 14.60 18i.
Class6 Learners iInclud-
ing machine helpers),
for the flrt 3 months
of their [raining--------........ 8 00 8 00 8.00 8.I

Proportionate Increases In the rates o
those engaged In seamless manufacture alt
have been proposed but a slightly dJfferer
classification of the workers has been madi
In the North the new rates would range froi
$22 to $26 and In the South $18 to $23. I
the established rates the ranges were from $
to $18 In the North ard from $8 to $16.25 I
the South.
The Code Authority has also asked for cot
sideration of a long list of changes In the faJ
trade practice provisions of the Code and fc
the addition of a provision for the register
Ing of knitting equipment, and the control t
Installation. -
In the Code Authority's application fc
temporary curtailment of knitting equipmer
It is suggested that since a hearing prior t
July 1 has been impossible, that any
week or 2-week shutdown, self imposed b
any plant after July 1, shall be credited t
It upon proper certification.

Incapacitated Worker,

A modification of that provision in the cod
for the cotton textile industry regarding th
employment of partially incapacitated pet
sons is effected by an amendment approved
by the Administrator, it was announced r(
The amendment in effect, a repetition o
an Executive order dated February 17, is a
follows: That the portion of section I1 of th
Code reading as follows:
In the cise oif employees in the industry:
who are partially incapacitated by reason o
age, injury, Incompetency or infirmity, th
minimum wage shall not be less than 80 per
cent of the standard minimum wage herein
above set forth, provided that such employees
employed by any one employer shall not ex
ceed 4 percent of the total number of his em
ployees, and further that as a condition to
the employment of such employees the Cottot
Textile National Industrial Relations Boar(
may require such certificate as It may find
advisable with relation thereto", shall bi
stricklien out and that the following be substi
tuted in lieu thereof:
"An employee whose earning capacity it
Unlimited because of age, physical or mentt
handicap, or other Lnuirmity, may be em
played on light work at a wage below the
standard minimum hereinabove set forth, 1I
the employer obtains from the State au
thority, designated by the United States De
apartment of Labor, a certificate authorizlng
such employee's employment at such wages
and for such hours as shall be stated in the
certificate. Each employer shidl file nionthly
with the Cotton Textile Iustitute. Inc., as
agent of the Cotton Textile Industry Corn.
mittee to receive the same, a list of all sucL
employees employed by him, showing the
wages paid to, and the maximum hours of
work for, such employee."

-,' -' i;-::f ;. :-'; '* ,- ";" '
^ .^*:^ :41.^ -*-. *-. ..


SCode Authority1


The Administrator, during the past week,-"
S proved the following selectLone and appoltmefd
of code autbority members.
Owsley Brown, Louisville, Ky.; William I. Ha
Peoria, III.; Scton Potter, New York. N.Y.: j
Rosenstiel, New York. N.Y.; Frank B. Thonaoe,
L.uls'illi Kr.; Frank L. Wight, Baltimore.
Ru-Bsell i Brown. New York, N.Y; Dr. LtA
S Marks, Philadelphia, Pa.; l. Peffer, New Yoar
le N.Y.; T. P. Walk,.r, New York, N Y., H. L. 1ra
ed teo,. Boston. Ma.s ; John E Laird. Seoheyv,
ty N J. ; A R Morrow Los Angeles, Call : William
Veeaneman, Loulsvill, Ky.
d- TRY.-Joba A Moore, Wheeling. W.Va.. A.
rg Laesilg, \'rrona, Pa ; Paul W. Frum. WarrM
1 Ohio; '. H. Story. New Britain, Conn.
son, San Franc sco, Calif.; D. W. Branch, Seattle'
ve -Wash ; W. L. Tnompson, Astoria, Oreg- H B'
Friele, Seattle, Wash A. P. Wolf Hood Beyi
SAlaska A W. Sliels, South Bi-ljingham, Wadi.
R A. elsh, Jr., South Belllngham Waeh. V .'
Elifendabi, Seattle, Wabh : A. W Wittig, Seatfl
Wash.- C. J Sebastian, Sattlei, Wash.; A. L.-all
de Chinook. Wash.
represent southern zonei.-J. Frazler Glenn, Au.
ville, N C.; F. F. Farrar, Dalton, OnGa. (To reet.
sent northern zunei.-E. W Magnus, Burinltoa
Vt.; W. L. Caten, Gouverneur, N Y. (To represent
= the industry as a wholei.-Mlchael Doyle i Nes
ork, N Y. tNonvoting Memberj.-J. B. Alkmai
ifecy.. Ch. stpr. Vt
TRY-H. P Abbott. East Boston, Mass ; T J.
McMtIlla, New York, N.Y.; W. J. Ferrls. Jr., Loci
port, N.Y..
more, Md.; W. W. Walker, Camden, N.J.; Simeon
S Hyde. New York, N.Y.
00 INDUSTRY.-H. E. Saw, vice G. M Jackson
28 A Prescutt Whltti(r, vice Paul N. Gadebushti
78 represent the Liphoistery and Decorative Fsbrla
00 Trade
DUSTRY--V. H Dlogmon, Akron. Ohio- L
Plumb. N-w York. N.Y.; William Welch, East.Sti
Louis, III.
Howard, Chirago, 1I1.: B. C Graves. Chicago. IIL
F Balrd-Smith, Chicago, Ill ; Henry Almer, Ctt
76 cago, Ill.: W. J. Curley, Pittsourgh. Pa.; R..i
Davenport, New York. N.Y.: L. J. Drake, Chicag"'
III.; Lester N. Selig., Chicago, III.
DOCK INDUSTRY.-A. D. Carlton, Cleveland
Ohio J. S. Manitel, Cleveland, Ohic.; W. K. Btro,
ley. Cleveland, Ohio. -
George E. Booth. Chicago, Ill.; C. E. Huff, Chla
Ill., R. B. Bowden Minneapolis. Minn.: A. r. Nj
son. Minneapo.lis. Minn.; Fred I. Hauser, Kant
0 City, Mo.; E. A Boyd. Spokane, Wash.; L."
S Webb. WicAlta. Kans.: Fred K. Sale, Indidaspo
Ind.; Lawrence Farlow Bloomington, Ill.; W.-i
of Culbertson, Delaven, Ill. : Victor N. Sheek.
so mers, Ind. :
e. Geo. B. Williamson ; John M. Gleason WaltertW
Reld, Jr.; John Vonelff; Ferdinand Bunte; s ".
Wopdwaridd ; A. C. Carrlngton; W. E. Brock4';
n Sobtel;-J. iW: Brooks..... ....... ... .----
in Mbnt.; 'John H. Cole, Butte, Mont.; .L. L. SUi
New York, N.Y. ; John Hickey, PhUllipsbarg, Moatn
J. Carson Adkerson, Washington, D.C.; H. A. P
n- pelly, Oswego, N.Y.; James W Gerard, New Y0t,
i1 .Y.: A. J. SeUlgman, New York, N.Y.; D._I
Dr McCioskey. New York, N.Y. .
r- S. Brown, Jr., and Ira Millard Ornburn, admlilhi
of tration members, to serve during the pleasure gi
r.hd Administrator.
at MU ard Orrburn. labor adnvisory board member, t
serve during the pleasure of the Administrator. "
I- barn, administration member, to serve during tii
y pleasure of the Administrator.
Spencer, administration member, to S,-rve daring
Lbhe pleasure of the Adminisltrator. '
TRY.-James R. Hawklnson. admlnisLration ame
her, to serve during the pleasure of the Adnml-:
SUPPLIES TRADE.-Ralph S Foss, adminilst:
e tlon member, to serveduring the pleasure o[ t1i
FACTURING INDUSTRY.-William A. Ziegler, aI-
d ministration member, to serve during tne pleasnB;
Sof the Administrator.
UACTURING INDUSTRY.-R. P. Barry, admialk
f tration member, to serre during the pleasure o thli
Admin istra t,;r
e TRY -Edgar E Broslus, administration memsin,'
to serve during the pleasure of the AdmlnistratAt.
S.DU.STRY.-L. 1N. Whitcjmb, administration anE
f bher, to serve during tme pleasure of the Admali
S DUSTRY.-Prof. M. H Danforth, adminlstratlt'
in- ember, to serve during the pleasure of ft,
Adminlitrator. *;
L TRIES.-George C. Dent, deputy admmnistrati
member, to serve during the pleasure of i
n Shuford B. Marks, administration member, toB sen
" during the pleasure of the Administrator. i
1 INDUSTRY.-Shuford B. Mark.s, adminlsiratlat
e member. to serve during the pleasure of tW
Admlrnlsttratoi. ;
DUSTRY.-Adoilph 0. Uoodwln, admlnlstiatU
member, to serve during the pleasure of W
S Administrator
Palarson. administration member. to sere "durtil
the pleawae aof the Atimialsttra' .at
f ton, r,i iilistration member of the State
Authority of Masde>:h.jsetts. to serve during
pleasure of tb.- Admii-.trator
COPPER INDUSTRY.-Gcrrgie W. Farny, admi
Sistruil-in m:miuler, to serre duriug the- plessrels
the Adnnlstratjr. '
e admall.sriutrlcan mmber, to serve during5i
plea.iure of the AUruilstraitih:.,iB
S ert, Abruaun Gorriuj,, Skdney Hilloaa, Jacob ?O
. thy. a.1 jaotr representatives, t, cerve during4
pleasure of the Administratur.
I man. 1-Isyman Blutaterg. Samuel Levine, 'si
f A Rlckert, Abraham Gordon, as labor reprel
tivet, to serve during the pleasure of the.f
istrator. " " .'

.. ... '. S
*-..:. -; -^ B H


By virtue of the authority vested In me under
Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act
(ch. 90, 49 Stat. 195), and upon due consideration
of the facts and the report and recommendation of
the Administrator:
I Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United
States, In rtder to carry out the purp,.se oit -aid
Title of said Act, do hereby order that, except as
bherelnafter provided, uo of any Cude of
SFair Competition or agreement, which has hereto-
fore been or may hereafter be approved, prescribed
or issued pursuant to said title of said act shall be
so construed or applUed as to violate the following
rules and regulations which are heresy prt.imulgated
and prescribed, to wit :
S (Ii A person may be employed as an apprentice
by any member of an industry subject to a Code
Sof Fair Competition at a wage lower than tni: mini-
iuan wage, or for any time In exce.s of the ma[l-
Smum hours of labor, established in su..b C.ode, If
such member sha" have first obtained from an
agency to be designated or established by the Sec-
Srotary of Labor, a certificate permitting such per.
son t., be employed In conformity with a training
program approved by such agency, until and unless
such certliDcate is revoked.
(2j The term "Apprentice", as used herein shall
mean a person of at least 16 years of age who has
e entered Into a written contract with an employer
or an association of employers w.,hi:ch provides for
at least 2,000 bhouts of reasonably continuous em-
ployment for su.-h person and his participation in
as approved program of tralnlug as hereinauove
(38 A committee shall be efta'liished by the
Secretary of Labor to advise such Secretary In the
exercise of the powers herein conferred, and to per-
form such other functions as the Secretary may
direct. Such committee shall be composed of one
or more representatives of the Office of Education,
.. the National Recovery Administration, and [bhe
%Unlted States Department of Labor. ,
The Secretary of Labor is hereby authorized,.to
. prescribe such further roles and regulations as'may
bs deemed necessary to supplement, amplify or
Scarry out the purposes and intent of this order,
'and toIn take such other steps, not Inconsistent
e"herewilt, as may be deemed advisable to effectuate
- th i s 'O r d e r .'
!L'. '.tAn- approval order of a Code of Fajr Compe-
..>-Ato or agreement heretofore approved, prescribed,
.-.or Issued pursuant to Title I of Uhe National Indus.
" trial Recovery Act, If any necessity exists nerefor
i.r a order to make these regulations .-ffectie,., is
hereby modified so as to permit and be conditioned
upon the full application and operation of these
regulations -
PROVIDID. HOWEVER, that nothing In this
order shall be construed a.s modifying any Code
of Fair Competition except Insofar as an employer
abject thereto may elect to become subject to the
provisions of this "order.
This order shells beome effective on July 15.
1934, unless prior to that date good cause to the
contrary Is sbrhown to the Administrator for Indus-
trial Recovery by any affected party or parties, and
he otherwise, directs.
,. Approval recommended:
AdmilniStrator for lundustrial Recovery.
Tae While lHouse,
June 27, 1,,1.

219-S (Amend. No. 2)
An application having been dulyv made pursuant
to and In full compliance with the provisions oi
Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act,
approved June 14, 19i33. for approval of amend-
m. ents to a Code of Fair Compi-ttion for the
Bedding Manufacturing Industry, and hearings hav-
Sng been duly held thereon and the annexed re-
port on sadi amendments, containing findingos with
respect thereto, having been madc- and directed to
the President:
NOW, THEREFORE, on tehaltf of the Presi-
dent of the Uinlied States, I. Hugh S. Johnsoon.
Admlnlastrator for industrial Recove-ry. pursuant to
authority vested in me by Exs.utlve Orders of
"the President, ineludilng Exs,:utive Order N-,.
6543-A. dated December 30, 19.13, and oherwis ;
da hereby Incorporate, ov reference. saod annexed
report and do find that said amendments and the
Code as constitauted aft-r aeing amended comply
-i all respects with the pertinent prcvisloits and
wi promote the policy and purpose of sardl Title
of said Act. and do hereby ord.:r that said amend
M meats Oe and they are hereri approved, andi that
the -prevlius approval uf sii.J Code is hereby
aodlfied to include an approval of alid Code in
Its entirety as amended.
Approval ehnlninslrator Jor Jiufsrsrial Recoreri
Approval rec-immended
'.t. BARTON W. MoBE-at.
Diiteinn Adniniaitr.ior.
Washington. D.C.,
S July 10I, 198.

R222-S .Amend. No. 1)
'.- ..An application having been duiv made puruiart
to and in full compliance with the of
STitle I of the National Industral Recovery Act.
Approved June 16, 1933. for approval of and amend-
me t to a Code of Fair Comnipetiti:n for the Card
F'. 0Clothing Industry, and us c.,natined in a publIsh.;d
-' 'Notice of Opportunihy to File ObtJectlons. Admlnis-.
''"ati've Order No 22-4. dated May 22, 1934. and
0,-.. object'Ion8 having be-n filed, a= provided In said
IubSisheed Notice. and the annexed report on said
a? anmenat, containing findings with respect
Tfi.,t. .hvang been made and directed to the

NOW, THEREFORE, on behalf of the President
of the United States, I, Hugh S. Johnson, Admin-
istrator for Industrial Recovery, pursuant to au-
thority vested in me by Executive Orders of the
President, including Executive Order 6543-A, dated
December 80. 193%, and otherwise, do nereby In-
corporate. by reference, said annexed report and
do dnd that said amendment and the Code as
constituted after neing amended comply In all re-
spects with the pertinent provilslons and will pro.
mote the iollcy and purposes of said Title of said
Act. and do hereby order that said amendment be
and It Is hereby approved, and that the previous
approval of said Code Is hereby amended to include
an approval of said Code-ln Its entirety as amended,
such approval and sauh amendment to take effect
ten (lii days from the date hereof, unless good
cause to tae contrary is shown to the Administra-
tor before that time and the Administrator issues
a subsequent order to thai effect.
Approval recommended:
Divislont. Adm inistrator.
Wasnington. D.C.,
July 5, L431.

[No. 6750-C]
2+44B-9 (Amend. No. 1)
An application having been duly made pursuant
to and in full compliance with the provisions of
Titie I of the National Industrial Recovery Act,
approved June 16, 11331. for approval of a modifica-
tion to a Supplementary Code of Fair Comprtltion
for the Painting. Paperhanging and Decorating
Division of the Construction Industry, and due
notice and opportunity to be heard having been
given thereon and the annexed report on sail mod-
ification. containing findings with respect thereto,
having been made and directed to the President:
NOW. THEREFORE. on behalf of the Pre-ldent
of the United States, I, Hugh S. Johnson, Admin-
istrator for Industrial Recovery, pursuant to au-
thority vested in me by Executive Orders of the
President, including Executive Order No. 6543-A,
dated December 30. 1933, and otherwise; do hereby
Incorporate, by reference, said annexed r.'port and
do find that said modlhcatl-.n and [be Code as
constituted after being mcdifed comply In all
respects with the pertinent provisions and will
promote the policy and purp' ses of said Title of
said Act, and do heretyv order thar said modifica-
tion be and It Is hereby approved, and that tha
previous approval of said Code Is hereby modified
to itnlude an appr:,val of said Code In Its entirety
as modified.
Aduntniirrator for Indus-trial Recovery.
Approval i-recommendd :
Giro L. BERRY.
Difiion Administrator.
Washnlagton.' D C.,
July 10, 1934.

1-74 (Aimend. No. OP
An application having been duly made pur-:uant
to and tr full compliance with tae provrlsi:,ns of
Title I of the National Induatria l Recovery Act.
approved June 16. 1933, for approval of an amend-
ment to a Code of Fuair Compeiticon for the Cot.
ton Textile Indusrry. and opportunity to ale ob-
lectins thereon having been duly afforded to ail
Interested parties nd the annexed report on said
amendmr-nt. ',ontialnIlng ndings with respect
thereto, having been made and directed to the
NOW, THEREFORE. on oehalf-o-f theb Preshlent
of the United states 1, Hugh S. Johnb_(.... Admin-
Istrator for Indt'crlai Re'c cr-y, pur-suant to au-
thority vested in me by Ex,-cutlvi Orders of the
President, Ineludinac Executve Order No. 6543-A.
dared December J0 1933, and otherwise; d-
hereby Incoarporate, by reference, said annexed re-
a)rr and do find that said amendment and the
Aldl as constitutei-d aftrr being aniended comply
In all respects with rte pertinent provr-sliin an]
will promote the poiicyv and purposes of said Title
of said Act. and do hbereuy order that said am-end.-
ment be and Ir is herebyt appro7-d. and that the
previ-clus approval .f said Code is hereby moditied
t.a inelud- an appro.'al of tald Code in Itsra entirety
as amended HUGH S JOHNSON.
stmiaietraor tfor IJidu triol Ricovery.
Approval recommended:
RoBERra L. Ho3s.:.r.
bDitt'io'a Adcnitiltrotor.
Washington. D.C.,
July 6, Iki"
1-74 (Amend. No. 7)
An amendment c,, the Code .,f Fair C.,mpeticion
for the Cotton Textile Industry having b hen ap-
proved on Augusit S. lu33. and. an appllcato.n
tarn be..en duly made pursuant to and In full
c.)pllance witn provisions of Titte I oft the Na.
tional Induitrial Recovery Act. appr.:,ved June 16,
1933. for approval oft ihe amendment c[- certain
p rovislons of said amendment, an I appearing
,esirable that Certainl cther prc'vsiitns If said
smenidmtnat be amended, and annexed report on
said amendments containing finctuags with reip-Ot
thereto having been mafde and uir-cied to tie
-NOW trEREFORE. c-n behalf of the Presl-
dent oot the United States. I. Hugh S. Johnson.
Administrator for Industrial Recovery, pursuant
to ttproity vested tn me by Excutive Order S
of the President, lncletd~irAg Executive Order No.


The Blue Eagle prints in each issue al. administrative orders,
-interpretations, appointments, and by-laws approved by the Ad-
Sministrator during the current week. Whenever necessary to give
Full explanation of an order, it will be found in another section of
the Blue Eagle marked by a (*) designating page and column.

6543-A. dated December 80, 1933, and otherwise
do heiey Incorporate by reference said annexed
report, and do find' that- said amendments and
Code as constituted after being amended, comply
In aill respects to the pertinent provisions and
will promote the policy and purposes of said Title
of said Act, and do hereuy order that said amend
nients be nnd they hereby are approved and that
the previous approval of the anmenled portions
of the Code are h,.reby modified to Include an
approval of said portions of the Code In their
-entirety as amended.
AdahnletrOlor Jor Industrial Recorery.
Approval recommended :
R L. H,-usr.rN,
Divhlon Administrotor.
Washington, D C.,
July 10, f19). _

No. 64-15
Extending Order No. 64-3. dated December 14.
WHEREAS, an order has oeen signed heretofore
by me on December 14. 1933. providing among
other things, wage differentials for ctie western
area as defined in the Code of Fair Competition
for the Dress Manufacturing Industry and to ae
enforce until July 1. 1034,- prior to which date
the Code Authority should make recommendations
to the Administratc'r as t:, the continuance or
change o.t the pr,.-ioisOs of said ord-er; aind
WHEREAS. iepre"entation-s have rEn made. to
me by the- Code Authority that additional time is
necessary for studs and preparatlon of a report
concerning wage dai'er'ntials for the western area ;
WHEREAS. it appears to my sat;sft'action that
the policy of the National Induatrial Recovery A,.t
will be eff.eCtuated by granting an extension or
nlie for the preparation cf said report Dy thb-
ode Autbority
NOW THEREFORE, pursuant t,. authority
vested In me by Executive Ordr-ts and othbrnwise,
It is hereby ordered that said Order No. 64-3.
dated D[Ecember 14. 1u3.3. bh and the cime heresy
Is extended and is continued to be in full force
and effect in all Its provisions until August 1:
Admintatraor 1,r Indus.trial Rcco ery.
Approval re'otmmended:
Dici'on Administrfator.
July 9, 1904

SuspenioHin of sh:bedule of minimum service charge
for the fany fur dyers' division
WHEREAS, the schedule of minimum service
charges for the Fancy Fur Dyers' Division of the
Fur Dressing and Fur Dyeing Indostry was estab-
lishbd by rme by Administrative Order No. 161-4
dated February 16 1934, made pursuant to Set-
;tion 2, Article VIII, of the Code of Fair Com-
petition for the said Industry, and
WHEREAS, such approval was subject to my
power to modify the same at any time. and
WHEREAS, application' has been made to me
by the employers of more than sixty-five per cent
1 -,I of the employees engaged In the division,
In accordance with the provisions of said code,
lor a suspension ,:,f said schedule, -
NOW, THEREFORE, pursuant to the provisions
cof said code and pursuant to the auth.:-,rniy veit.d
In me by the Esieut ve Orders of J.iy 15,I 1033.
and Decembenbr 3'. 1933. and) ,th-rwi-e, I ner.-by
order that the said schedule of minimum serv;ce
charges fur the Fancy Fur Dyers' Division be and
hereby Ia s1u-pended from the date nertof undl
such time as said Fancy Fur Dyers' Division,
thr,.,ugh the Code' Authority Board of the Fur
Dressing and Fur Dyeing InadstirS, ashaii make
represenritations to thlie AdlniLntratoir. based upin
facts concerning the lowest rleasorabl: custs of
performing said ser-l.e in the Induo-try and a new
schedule is approve-d by me. in accordance with
the provisions of the o)d-.
idmiiafsinjior iot liutrlnai Rc.t',Fry.
Apprt-aal rec'.mrnended
GE.o L Bcity.
Di,-,ioi A.liTntinictrator.
Wa'hingtoo. DC..
Jury 6, Mia,,

305-5 (Amend. No. 11
O R D1 E It
An apphcation h.aini Li- eni d'uly madae prur-uant
to &,i in tull :ermpflaimce with the provisions of
TIrtle I of the Nat,,:nal indusiarili Re,:overy Act,
apprivd June 16, t'33, for approval of an inmend-
metn to a Ccode of Fair Conmpttition for the Fibre
Cab and Tube Induztry, and norie otf opportunity
to 0.l- objections having been p'blih-ed, and the
aunexed report on Eail aienidmenet containing
flndi g; with respe,:t thereto, having been, made
andj dire,.t.ei r., th Pre .Ldent :
NO",' THEREFORE, on behalf ,f the Preedent
of the limited States, i, Hugh S. Jcohnson, Admin-
istratur ior industrial Re,:.-,ry, pursuant to as.
ihbuilty vest-d In me by Exceurive Orders of thbe
Preild-Jent, ilncludln Exe,'tie Order N') 6343-.\,
dated Decembe a'., l 3, and otaerwise- : rio
iir-uby Incorporate, by rcfren.,e. said annexdil
report and do dnd that sald amendment and the
Cide as constltuted alter eiing amended omniply
in all respt-cta cVlt the pertinent provlslins and
will promote the policy and purp.:,es or said Title
of arid Act, and do h'terevc ordr that said amend-
ment be, as i it is nere-by approve.J. and that the
pr -i...; s ,ppinvai I..l saiIl C,'l". is h.ieby mioalfied
to in-lade an appri.val of said Code in its entirety
u" tanenlJed.
Adn,iniiraio it.,r ihfi,,trial If'rcOicry.
Approval re:,,nimn ned :
Divti-lot admaieotratur.
Washington. D.C.. -
July d. 1934.

2-17-6 (Amend. No. 1)
An JpplicLation hailag been iuly made pursuant
to and in full compliance with the provisions of

S. . ..=!:. .c.:*.
;.. """ ." 2 = '_" ."' -=. :.- --t '-45. ,t.:-


Title I of the National Industrial ReC&veiui
approved June 16. 1933, for approval ofaiat
meats to a Code ct Fair Competitiou for the'Pf
Dish and Pulp and Paper Plate Industr,j "
notice of opportunity to file objections ar
Oeen published. amn] the annexed report onisli
amendments containing fdndlogs with rA55
thereto, having been made and directed to
President .,
NOW, THEREFORB, on behalf of the PrcB
of the United Stauites, I. Hugh S. Johnson. A&i
Istrator for Industrial Recovery pursuant..t.d
thorltv vested In me by Execufive Ordeis "*"
President, nioeliulng EI.cutive Order No. 6543
dat'd December 3u. 1933. and otherwise; do be.
In.-uorpirat,. by rel-trence, eald annexed report
do find that said amendments and the C0dd,
Citsiiituted after being amended comply rid
respects With the peritinent provisnso ands s
protW(te the policy and purposes of said TttI'
said Act, and do hereby order that said .ami
meats be and It is hereby approved and tlibati
SreIl approval of said Code-las hereby mbdit
o inIlude an approval of said Code In its en'tir
as amEnded.
Adinirnlirator ior lhtdustroil Rec.'overes
Approval recommended:
G,,. L Buarm, ':
D!i'.duo Administrator.' -.
Wasbhington. DiC., *
July ,, 1,. :M'.V

1I7-12 (Amend...
An aptllhcation having been duly made.prsdi
tr, and In fill omplancr.e with the provlslopg!
Title I *tf the National Industrial Recotecy:;a
approved June 16:., 1933, for approval of an amoe
mnt t .,a Code ofi Fair Competition for the"C
tin Cloth Gb:,ve Manufacturing Indusytryi,
notice of *,pportanitity to file objections haviagW
publisbhed thereon and the annexed report ,onM
amendment, containing findings with :tDre
thereto, having been made and directedto
President : :
NOW. raTHEREFORE, on behalf of the-Peflid
of the Uinitei States. I, Hugh S. Johnson, drmli
rratir ior Industrial Recorerv. pursuant .toj
thority vestejd in me b% Executive Orders. of5',
President, Including Executive Order No: '61543
dated Iecember 30, 1923, and otherwise; do",hen
Incorporate, by reference. said annexed reportl-
,do find that said amendment and the Code .ai1
stitoted after being amended comply in all re.pu
wth bthe pertinent provisions and will promoted'
,oili.y and purposes of said Title of said A:tErM
d, hereby order that said amendment be anddeT
hereby approved, and that the previous approval
said Code is hereby modified to Include an appr.
of said Code In its entirety as amended -
dAdminislralor for Industrial Recovet,
Approval re.:ommended : '...
Dlitaion Admidalrator. . .
Washington, D.C.,
July 9, 190 '"..

O R DER ;".
Granting application for extension of time witi
iwhichl tt die price liats, terms and conditc
of Eale ..
WHEREAS, Article VII, Section 1 of the Ct
of Pair Csompetinon for the Wholesale Monumeid
Granite industry prescribes taut each member
the inJouiitty shall publish and file with thed Cc
Autbrity, within thirty days after the effect.
date toer-ort, his prices, terms and conditions.
nale. and ;:
WHEREAS, the said Co.,ie becanie tffeT-yev.:'
Jun- 11 1934 : and '
WHEREAS. an application has bean made'-
the Temprrary Code Authority for an estendloni
time wi'blhi nvh b;:bh memotrs of the Industry ab
fie tiieir pri:ei, terms and conditions of 'sale
r.:qulrd, by said Artcle VII, Section 1. for rease
-which apr-ear to be good and sufficient: and '
WHERIEAS! it appears to my satisataction t'
the applt.atin should be granted and that.iA
extension reciJeted Is ncr-ssary and will tend
eiffectuaitt the piieia or Tritle I of the Natnoi
jnd ,jstral R- -.o vty Act ; : I.
NOW. TH'tIREF-)RE, on behalf of the Ps'
dtnt of the Unittu States. I, fHugh S. Johns,
Adriai;trat,,r fe,.r iaoustrial Recovery, purauen
to authority vested in mt b'v Executive Orders
the Pr-idJeot. Including Excutive Order 6543?
dated Deember 30. 1933. and otherwise; s-
here"y srtnt an ext.-nsln ot ?irty i60i addltioc
days from the- expiration of the time allowed.-
Artile i 1I. Se-,tion I, of the aboyv.e Code, witl
wthibh time members of the Industry shall'!
thbir prices terms arind conditions *f sale as.,
quired by Article VII, Section 1, thereof 1:
Adiri..nraftorr Inl leinulal Recovery,
Approval re,.,omjer'?red : .. `
Dioloa Idministrator.
WashbnlRori, D C.
July 5, 19iiS. .

Approval of Figures Cei titled by National A4
mobile Dealers Assuclation .'
WHEREAS. Article IV. Title A, Section 'l
the Motor Vehlcl- Retailing Trade Code provi
that the value of any model of used motor veblt
eitltrr paseengeS or commercial, shall be the a*
age Prtti- that the public in any given marl
area Is then paying for such vehicle as ascertain
ny tua Associatlon from sword statements of4
actual retail sales to consumers, subject to 1
approval of the Administrator, and '"
WHEREAS, Article IV. Title A, Section *1-i
said Code further provides that the AssoclitJ
shaU publish the average pric-s tnus ascertain
apprc'ximateiv every sixty 1601 days; and 'etW
WHI.REAA, Artcle IV, Title-.A. Section 3S
sald Code provides that there shall be provided
each logical trading area of the United Statesi
Official Guide. which shall be provided byal
Association. which shall be known as the Assdeoc
tion Official Guide: and .
WHEREAS. Article IV, Title A, Section 4, pa
graphs ib) and ice provide that certain fgu
representing allowance values to be determined;
therein provided, shail be approved by the Adm
Istrator and
WHIIEEAS, tbe Association i National Autdo
hIle Diealers' association by appropriate resoluti
did. on January 31, 1934, duly elect F. W;-;
Vesper its President; and '':
Continued on page 6, column I) ""'^


(Eontinued rom page L, column 4)
IAWHEREAS, the said F W. A. Vesper has duly
,tifled to me that the figures published In each
tg6.of the Officloil Guide since January 81 1934,
-vb:.heen compiled, computed and published In
aqirdlnce with the procedure set forth In Article
I.l..:Tile A of Eaid Ccod,. and said figures accu.
ely state tbe average prices and allowance
a.ies. hereinabove referred to,
I.HEREFORE, 1, Hugh S. Johnson, pursuant
.tte authority vest':d in me by Title I or the
ti1o0al Indusrtrial Recovery Act Executive Or-
a of the President and said (r- Iode, and othei-
a do hereby approve the af'orcsaild figures, li-
di ng said average prices aid allowance values.
acerfified to me as aforesaid.
.7 Admintstrator for Industrial Recovery.
approval recommended:
C.;. B. ADAMs.
1Divisiona Admintstrator.
7,ly J 1934.

."'?Z "176-10
fj. .. ORDER
'Termination of Stay of Order nd--
W.HEREAS, my Order 176-6. dated June 7, 1934,
[tabUshed an allowance for oawes of il.ior to be
Iluded in the selling price of ,,-rrcharndise In the
!iaer:'Distributing Tra.- under Artl.le VII, S,.c.
loi'4,-of the Code of Fair Competition fok -waid
R..e,;and my Order 176-9 dated June 20, 1934l.
'."le 'the provisions cf th'- 'rder from
y ,' to'October 1, 1934 : and mr Order 1736-S,
at.ed.1'Jtne 20, 1934, :oncuc-rentiy extende-d the
Ime. llmit of the provi-ions of Setiton 4 ,i Article
.IB of said Code until October 1, 1:34;
.ND, WHEBREAS, the eaid Code Authority has
Wieanted orally additional information foi ldeter-
3 tlon of the Issue raised;
ND,-WHEREAS, it l the intent that a h-,arlrng
I, he held on or before Siptember 15, 1934 to
5eimlne whether the provisions cf Section 4 of
alcle VIII of the "Bald Code. hall be further fx-
tded beyond October 1, 1934 :; and that, preparia-
tory to such hearing, the Code Auth..rity shall
aukmlt to the DivwiEn of Recearcn and Planning
uh'data as said rvi-i;on may reasnaliv!r require
t'pbtail a factual basis for thb determination to
iade, and cshall rep.ort- to suh DiT-i.:.n upon
operationon or the alliwane for wages ocf laLbor:
ND, it appearing that justice requIres thut
ffl''stay be er-mlnaed;-
iOW, THEREFORE. I, Hugh S Jobnson, Ad.
jistrator for Induetrial Recovery. pirsn'ant ro
tfhoilty vested in me by Executive Order No
P ; 3A, dated December .3, 1933. and otherwise:
IUipereby order that eaid tay established by my
ar'So. 176-9, dated June 20. 1834 be and it is
.d.byterminated, snbject to my furth-er orders:
gPip..VIDED. hoaevwr. that aniy provisions 01 my
Cies" uumricered 176-6. 176--S and 176-9. which
-'conflict herewith are herelby to that extent
oftlfed and res.:inded.
!f:, Administrator for Industrial Rooiovery.
p 0val recommended:
i;qio. L. BEsrRY,
.f,'Dinision Adminisltrator,
isB.hlIAton, D.C, '
9i 8 U, 134.


proria] of the Regulations of the Code Authority
gi...Pursuanit to Section 13 of Article VI
h-WEREAS, Article Vt. Section 13 of the Code
lJar Competition for the Pnotorraphic Mounr
Mrnatry provides as follows -
'0othing herein contained shall be construed
event the disposirltion of distress merchandise
bred to ne sold to liqnidare a defunct or In-
ent business or of discontinued lines, damaged
od or seconds, In such manner, at such price
nd-on such terms and conditions as the Code
ithorlty and the Administrator may approve."
SW.HERBAS, the Pode Authority has sbmitrtrd
igplations for the disposal ot such merchandise.
'NOW. THEREFORE, pursuant to thbe rovis;ons
B.the Code and to the authority vested In me by
iE,:Hxecutive Orders of July 15. I133 and th'e,
u!cottve, Order of December 30, 1983. and other-
isae, the regulations of the Code Authority here-
hbefore specified are hereby approved.
y Administrotnr for Indua4trial RetOvery
approval recommended:
G- o 'GEO. L. BEmas.
,yDivision Admintsrator.
lazy f, 1981.
r:'* _________

"' '* 18-7- (Amend. No. 2)
,;.,' ORDER
'A application having been duly made pursuant
Eand fn full compliance with toe provisions of
tiH I of the National Industrial Recovery Act,
approved June 16, 1938, for approval of an amerid.
rat to a Code of Fair C6mpetitlon for the Cast
ao. Soil Pipe Industry, and opportunity to be
jrd thereon having been duly Noticed to all in-
rested parties, and the annexed report on said
iendment, containing findings with respect there-
(phaviffrbeen made and directed to the Prealsident :
LNOW THEREFORE on behalf of the President
.the United Slates, I, Hugh S. Johnson, Admin-
rator for Industrial Recovery, pursuant to
thorlty vested In me by Execuilve Orders ofr the
.esldent, Including Executive Order 6543-.%. dated
eoember 80, 1933. and.otberwite, do bereby In.
rporate by reference, said annexed report and
4-.find that said amendment arnd the Code as
)fistltuted after being amended comply in all re.
ects with the pertinent prOvislons arid will pro-
3te the policy and purposes of said Title of ,ald
t,- and do hereby order that said amendment be
c.-lt Is hereby approved, and that the pre louk
'Droval of said Code is hereby modified to includ-
,approval of said Code in It I. rtlrlety as
ateded,,such approval and such amenrdmenint to
i-. effect July 16. 1934. unies, gd -0 ii- i. to
q'contrary is shown to tha Administrator before
at time and the Anlmlnlstrator issues ia oubas-
lent order to that effect.
, Adminisftrator for Inde strial Recovery.
fipoval recommended:
.. Division Administratnor.
aWalngton, D.C.,
Trsflh 10, 1984.

By virtue of the authority vcsted in mne under
Title I of the National Industrial Rle.:over. Act by
Executre Orders rof the President. Including Ex.c-
utire irdt.r No. 650U-A, dat,-d Februaiy S. 134.
anDI obtherwise, It I1 her,.hy ordert-d:
11 Tradts and in"ustrls In th: Terrltory of
Pu:rto Rico'and in the Tleriltory of tf Hwali shall
be exempt fr,.im cod- .-f fair competition hereto-
for.- approved until 5.-pt-imnter 1, 1!:,34, atnd from
codes hereafier approved for a period of six weeks
foil-wine the dnt -s (it u-uh fP-pitvul S Suith an
exemption man be terminuat,:d r srenrided for a
trsde or industry, or subilrlsloon tnereof, In such
Terriltory, as hei-inaftur pr.-ided or as tb i Dep-
uty .dminlstrator for such Teritory shall order.
(2 iThis Order shall not affFct :
(a, Any exception or exemption of a specified
titaie ,or industry, or eubdivirsion thereolf, in a
Territory. or of a specii.-d person or personas.
her t.foroe or hereafter granted;
lbi Any codde of falt comupettiion or mindics.
tion of a cod,, (or a trade or industry, or sub-
dl'iion th-reof, in Heanail uor Puerto Riuo.
if3i At iny time before the explrutlon of an
exemption under Prarariph i1 of this Order, ap
phicuIlIon may be muade by one or more trade or
luiuaStiul ai o,.iatlons o(r grut; wwhicli impose no
inq.iitjau i r:strlctlon, on admission to membr-
iiblp th-ieiii and are truly represcntntite of such
trade or Indlu['try. or subdivlslon thereof, In tbe
T-rritory ot Hawaii or the Territory oif Puerto
Rl.:o, for:
ii Modidn.ation .f surh code in,Its application
t[: such Territo'y, or
I,1 Troe aprpfroval ,if n sera-late rod_ of fair
competilti.-n for or including that trade or Indus-
try or subdivision thereof, In such Territiry.
Where su:h iapplicatiLn i I, made the exemp
tin provided for by Paragraph 1i of this Order
-hill Ir.e and remain In effect unless and until such
application Is denied.
14) At any time before the expiration .:.f an ex-
emption from the code of talr competition under
Paragraph II i of tuls Order any person directly
affected who claim' that application of the code
in the T.-rritoly will be unjust 'o him andi applies
for an exception to *-r sn exemption from the code
shall be given opportitity for a hEaring and de-
termination of thb i;siues raised prior to incurring
any nLability t.o ciorcement if the coie and the
Dic-puiy Administrator fur such Terrltory- shall, if
justice requir,-s, stay the aappli:atlion of the code
in the Te-rritory for all similarly aff-lecting pending
determination of the issues
(5.1 An -xemptiou undr Paragraph Ilt of this
Order shall, If the DE--puty Adminl-trator for the
Terrtlrory shall so older for a trade or Industry.
or subdIvisioln thereof, In that Territory, be or
remain in effect ,nly as to those- who enter Into
and comply with an agreement wltb me as author-
ized In Exe-cutive Order No. 6750-A, approved
June 27 1934. It shall continue In effect as to
those entering Into and complying with such
agreement so long as such agreement shall remain
In effect.
(6) Persons participating in any application for
which provision is made In Paragraphs di or l4)
of this Order, who require labels bearing NRA;
Insignia at any time before such labels can be
Issued under a code of fair competition or a modi-
fication of a code for wjilch they have made such
application, shall be entitled to obtain and use
such labels if they have entered into and are com-
plying with such an agreement. They shall be en-
titled to obtain such labels:
ito From the Cod.: Authority administering the
Code from whilh Eiy.h persons are exempted under
Paragraph (11 of ibis Order upon the came terms
and conditions as a menimer complying with such
-ode A certifti.ate by suo-h person of compliance
wtai such agreement shall satisfy the requirement
of a certlf,:ate of compliance with the code.
ibi From the Deputy AIlmloltrator for the
Tcrf.tory whenev.:r such peiiions are not subject
to an atproved code n.y Its terms.
(7 The [Depity Administrator for the Territory
of Hanall and the Deputy Administrator for the
Territory of Puerto RlI.o are authb-ortzed:
(oi To have prepared and to Ilsue. lab.-Is as
proTidj-d for In Suatparagraph (hi of Paragraph
16) oif this Order Such labels shball correspond
in design to those issuc-d by the Code Authorities
for the conr ..ispiolndig Inlustrles Such De-puty
.Adminlartratrs sball provide rules and iegulatlona
governing rthe manu.-..t:rure. issuance and use of
tiii]h abel' and bshall Impose chargeG for such
labels, corresponding to the Ruies and. Regulations
and charges for similar labels issued 1i the Code
Authorities for corrapondnlg Industries In the
mainland. Such labels issued by the Deputy Ad-
minitrator for Hawall shall bear the letter H
an.l fcr Puerto Reico tbh letters "1-' PR."
hi To obtain such iaes s from the. Code Author.
irtY for the code of fair comp.?rnt-ition c-erlig the
corresponding Industry In the mainland. by agiee-
ment with that Code Authority. Such at:reement
shall he consistent with and serve to effe,:Ctuai-te the
provisions of this Order and the Rules and Regu-
lations governuing toe issuance of such labels by
that Coile Auttuority except as such Rules and
Regulations are modified byr his Ordier. Such
Code? Authority Is hereby authorized to issue such
tabls as bertein provided.
Any net proceeds therefrom shall be held for
use by the Code Authority set up under the code
of fair competition for the Industry, or subdivision
the-reof. In the Territory, to which the members
pa3ing such cheiges shall ther.-after become
.. _Administrator.
Washington, D.C, Aditstrar.
July 2, 193f.

Pursuant to authority vested In me by Executive
Orders of the PresIdent, and otherwise. I. Hug S.
Johnsion, Administrator for industrial Recovery, do
hereby ord,.r tt ir :
1 A RtLi.,er Industry Labor nneard be and It Ia
herebs enIsn1l-,i u.d, for ihel hinr.illinif: i I la or cm.-
[tllntas snI lnbor idl-pPit,- in t,- R ,iibL er Muna.
tturilng Inde-ntry und the Rublber 'Ilie. Maurac.
turing on(lustry
2 Tb, salil Labor Boardl shell cr.nilst ,.f a per.
mane-it Impartial clhirmin. to t.e appolnttil L. b thie
Adminisrsturat,. toie-ther with an oi4:l inutmbr of
employee and emrpiyer rcrerentatie._- ti'- numbr
thereof to be ceternliuli, L ', uh Impiri-llaIl cha ir
nian Tr.e employe.:- nnad empioer r- rr.erntatlvl.s
shall be selected by the employees and employer or
employers con-erned In the panrtlculr ctmplaplnr or
dispute presented. for adiustmeut or determlnatlon
Such representatives shall seW ouly as- members of
such Labor Board for the purpose of adjusting or
determining the particular complaint or dispute for
which they may hare been specifically selected.

Should the selection of such repr -esentat.lvcs nor be
made as provided herein, for auy reason. such em
ployee r e-mployer representatives may bte alpolnted.
y the Admlnlstriator.
3 S.ild LaLbr.r Board shall receive and aljuct o01
determine all labor complaints und labor disputes
wbi-h Li mayv nrle In the Rubber MNiniltin. tuning and
Rubber Tire NUc1hufaeturung Iniu'trle, in accord
once with Eu.:b rubes and regulatituns as ma% bhe
establl-lied ot the Impaitial ,iuhalrino. from time
to tim-e, por nited that sui.n tirulesa niii) r.-'Ilatloni
shall have been approval by the Admruinistrator.
Adiintlnlratorfor Industrial i7ccovery.
Waahingron. D C.,
J ly/ 10, 1934.

Order No. 83-13
Granting application cf C. C. Buchanan Chemical
Co., Cincinnati. Obhio. for an Exemption from
the Provisions of Articles III and IV
WHEREAS, an application has bc-en made by
theo abon'. nam-d applicant for an exemption from
tbhe provisions of AiLti. lc-, III and IV of the Code
of Fair Competition tar the Soap and Glycerine
Manufacturing Induisrly ; anm
WHEREAS, the Deputy Administrator has re.
ported, and It appears to my satisfaction, that toe
exemption betellafter granted Is necessary and
will effectuate the poll.les of Title I ,:f the
National Industtial Recovery Art:
NOW THEREFORE. pursuant to authority
vstLed In me. It Is herby ordered that rhe above
named applicant r.,- and It ner.-hy I- exempted
from saiJd provisions or sal1 Code; provided that
this exemption sbhail b; ubj-et tr. re,-,onaldu trati:.n
upon any material '.hanpe In th- vr.ilunmi of appll-
cant's soap manikfo.[ tt.uing businesS; provid.d, tar.
other that on hr- r rst d y 1 it.,: a b r mint h ruptPliL rnt
shall rep,,rt to the Admlnirsirator me ,uiantitv o ,
soap produced In the preceding month: provided,
further, that In tbhe pt-duction of soaup appb:aint
shall obherve the provisi-,ns of Articles II and Ill
of the Code of Fair Competition for the Chemital
Manufacturing Industry.
Dit'lhon Administrator.
Order recommended :
JOSEaP F B"arlar,
Deputy Adminiitrator.
Washington. D.C.,
July d, kI1'4.

No. 240-6
WHEREAS, the Code Autbority of the Tag
Industry has recommended for twe approval of tbs
Administrator amendments to Articlesa II, V and
VI of the Code ftr said Industry;
NOW THEREFORE, It Is hereby ordered that
the notice of opportunity to file objections upon
proposed amendments be limited to the amend-
ments as proposed by the Code Authority of the
Tag Industry as contained In Exhibit A attached
hereto and such amendments as proposed by the
Legal Division of the National Recovery Admjinis-
tration as contained In Exhibit B attached hereto.
(Signed) Oao. L. BaRsav,
jvis{ion Administrator.
Approval recommended :
(Signed i W W. PIcasRD,
Deputy Administrator.
July 5, 101.

WHEREAS, by reason, among other things, of
the extensive use of cigarettes as "loss leaders"
by retail stores which are not primnrlly engaged In
the retail tobacco trade. imperiling small enter
priBses and endangering tbe maintenance of code
wages and working conditions, an emergency- has
airisen within the Retail Tobacco Trade rending to
defeat the purposes of Title I of the National
Industrial Recovery Act. and whereas the o-ndl.
ticons causing said emergency affect the Wholesalp
Tobacco Trade, and
WEIEREAS, toe finding of a basis for determin-
aIng minimum retail prices for cigarettes Is nects-
sary for a limited period to cofrect the conditions
c-:nstituting such emergency, and to eff,-ctuatn the
purposes ot said act. and whereas the finding of
such basis cannot be fully effective without also
finding a bhislc for detel mining minimum wholesale
priccl for cigarettes, and
WBEREAS. thr- Code Authority estabIlstlhed pur-.
suant to the Code of Fair Competition for the
Wholesale Tobacco Trade has caused an Impartilal
a,?ncy to lrnveSi.1ate costs lInclyding thle costs of
wholesale distributing i of said products, and has
submiLted to me sold agency's recommendations
as to a basis for determining minimum prices for
said products. -and
WHEREAS. said agency has reported sev-n and
five-tenths per cent 17 '5%) of the ceiling price to
be the lowest reasonable cost of the wholesale dis-
tribution of sold products, but that a basis ade-
,luntely providing for such lowest reasonable ,ost
would tend to raise prevailing prices to the con-
sumcr of suail prvdu, ts
Nn-W, THEREFORE, I. Hugh S Johnson. pur-
suant to the authority rested In me a Admnlis-
trator for Industrial Recovery, under Title I of
the National Industrial Recovery Act. bv the pro-
visions of Article VI. Part II,'Secl.:,n '2, of the
Code of Fair Competition for the WlIolesale To.
bacco Trade. as approved by me: hereby find
i i that an emergency has arisen within said
trade, tending to dc-feaft the purposes of the act,
and 121 that the finding of the following basis for
determining minimum prices for cigarettes Is nec-
ef-ssary for a limited period to correct the condl-
tions constituting such emergency and to effectuate
the purposes of sail act and hereby fix and order
the publication of the following basilq for the com-
putation of minimum wholiale prices for clga.
teites, subject t,- th. condflions hereinafter set
fol't b
1 In sales by ir.bhers or sublobbers to toba'.,o
r-trnllers. the tmrinmum price shall th- the net pur.
-hiuae price to su.:h Jobber or sul-J:blier (after
Iciu-tilon ,of all iIsu:'ouits except cash ,d-counts
plus C no ::rcernt i l'.l rbere',-f
in In &11lc- iv Jobbers to sbtiloblbers. the mini-
mum prLe., shflil r.o the net [to ccitiao price to such
Jc, 1ho1r t, tr derductlon of nil dils:ounts exept
u i'sh rtlscm 7it i9.
3 NotnithstandIng the fnre.:olng prorlsilons. r-
totaIl percentage ,ld~d to th, wl- eselers Inn ri.,.
pri, r I. laftr .deJu lon of nil .lls,:..unt. 5 iletlu ic:
,i I dilscountai nled In no case he grc-trer than
thi-e- raind orne.te r-nth percent t 3 1 In hirbe D -e of
s'aes to ret tl] and tw; andn ,?.tentril perce-nt
I2 1 '-, Iin t e cae ,:,f sales t rsubiubbers
4 Tne foresolag minimum prices shall Ie sub-
l [,.t ti the 'excepti.ns cintal,ed In Arti.-l:e VI
P art It. SecIns J3 and 4 of asild Code as apprsred
5. The Research and Planning Division of NRA
is directed to devise a plan for the study and
supervision of the operation of the foregoing minil

a mum prikea ; and tobacco retailers shall P -'u
* to Article VIll, Section 7 ic) of said Code ;8hlU
I to said division such reports as it ma'y regll
pursuant to the plan.
r 63 The foregoing minimum prices shall bi
1 effective on Monday, July 16. 1P34, unless '
I Cause to thue contrary Is shown to the Admii
S trarotr before tieat time and be Issues a subset
0 .rd,.r to that effect; and they shall, upon becii
I efector, remain In effect until Saturday, 06 '
S 13I, 1-:3 urleas the Adminlistrator, upon Mca j
this Order to be reviewed at any time, 'ea
otherwise order.
iSigned i
Administrator for Industrial Recover, :
Approval recommended: '
Division Administrator.
Washington. D.C.,
July Is, lMi4.
WHEREAS, by reason, among other tlnd '
the extensive use of cigarettes as "lopes leae.a5.
by retail stores which are not primarily engeg.-
lu the retail tobacco trade, Imperiling smell enter.:.
pilses and endangering the maintenance of ced
wages oand working conditions, an emergene hcba.,
arleen within the Retail Tobacco Trade tendfig.
defeat the purposes of Title I of the National.
uIndustrial Recovery Act, and
WHEREAS, the tndlag of a basis for deteia
mining minimum retail prices for cigarettes h,:
ne,..cssarv for a limited period to correct the on i
ditions constituting such emergency, and to effe,"
tuate the purposes or iaid act, and =
WHEREAS, the Code Authority established m-
suant to the Code .:.f Fair Competition for thu
Retail Tobacco Trade has caused -an lip'r.til.
ag.,ncv to inreltlgdte Costo including the rutizi
of retail distribution) if saidl prouucta. and hMt
submitted to ma said agency's ric,.mmeandatsloasa..
to a basIl for determining minimum retail pri .s'
fc.r aild products, and -
WHEREAS, bald agency bee reported wentyi:
per cent of thu selling price to be the lowest.
reasonable cost of the retail distribution of saidi:
products, but that a basis adecia'jtely prorling:
r such lowest reasonable cost would raise pre-
vail;g prices to the consumer of said products.
-NOW.-THEREFORE. I, Hugh S. Johnson,ar
suant to the authority vested In me as AdmiC-
trator for Industrlal Recovery, under Title I i[
(bthe National Industrial Recovery Act, by the pre'
visions of Article VI, Part II, Section 2, of tbe'
Coda of Fair Comperition for the R,-tall Tobacel.'
Trade, as approved by the President: hereby find"
(1) that an emergency has arisen within said
Trade, adversely affecting small enterprles a
wage and labor conditions, tending to defeat the
purposes of said act and (2) that the flndlng fii
the following basis for determining milnlmum prices
tfor cigarettes Is necessary for a limited period to
correct the conditions constituting such emergeore
and to effectuate tre purposes of said act; au
hereby fix and order the publication of the fl
lowing basis for the computation of mlninamt-
retail prices for cigarettes, subject to the condS
tlona hereinafter set forth : ..
1. The minimum retail price of cigarettes ili
which the Manufacturers' list price Is less th'
five dollars per thousand shall be such manafac-,
turers' list price, plus fve and one-quarter -e ,
cent i5.%) thereof; and the minimum retai
price for other cigarettes shall be the manufa
turers' alist price plus six and one-half perr
i6o%) thereof. "' '
2. In computing minimum unit prices, a'.s
tion of a cent shall be treated as a full cent,-aid
In case of sales of a combination of two or moe
different articles, the price of each article shall.
be plainly Indicated. In computing mInlmnum'
prices for more than one unit of the same artdels,
such minimum unit price shall be multiplied by'
the number of units sold; if the resulting total.
be one dollar or less, a discount of not more than
five percent (5he may be allowed ; if It be greater
than one dollar, a discount of not more than
eight percent (8'a) may be allowed; and ay :
fraction ,..f a cent in euch net multiple price shall
be treated as a full cent.
3. Any change by a manufacturer in discount
from his list price occurring after the date hereof
shall be translated Into an equivalent change of
bis list price, and all the calculations abovv re
ferred to shall be nased on such equivalent list
4. The foregoing minimum prices shall be sub-
Ject to the limitations and exceptions contained
In Article VI, Part II, Section. 3. 4 and 6-[ :
said Code, as approved; provided that not more
than one pad of matches may be given with cab
unit sold
5 Th. Research and Planning Division of NRA
Is directed to devise a plan for the st-dy and
supervision of the operation of the foregoing min
imum prices, and tobacco retailers Enail, pursua t.!
to Article Vill Section 7 (c) of tsifd Code, ab-
mit to said Division such reports as It may
require pursuant to the plan.
j The foregoing minimum prices shall aeoa
effective on Monday, Juiy 16, 1934, unless good
cauee to the contrary Is shown to the Admlnls-
trator before that time and be Issues' a sabsequeset
order to that effect; and they shall, upon besom-*
Ing effective remain In effect until Saturday, Oet-.'
ber 13, 1534 unles the Administrator, upon cna. I:
Ing this Ord-r to be reviewed at any time, shelll.
otherwise order.
Adminflatronr for Industrial Recover.
Approval recommended :
(Signedi AermIN W RILEa. :
Divislos Administrator.
Washington, D.C.,
July 12, 19831.

*For further Information relating to this order see
story p. 1, ool. 2

WHEREAS, the Code of Fair Competition otu
the Trucking Industry was approved by the PrFs-..
dent on the 10th day of February 1034. oi hd
came effective fifteen (15j days th-reafter and
WHEREAS. Article VlV of said Code required
that every member of thq Industry shall tegister
his name, number and type of 'vehicle operated,
and submit such other Information as may tie
prescribed by the National Code Authorlty with'
the approval of the Administrator within thirty.,
130) days aft.-r the effective date of said Codec
af, d -
WHEREAS, said Article VI further required
rbat after for't-tive (451 days after the effectli.
date ot said Code, It shall be a violation of Bad
Code for any member of the Industry to operalit
any vebhl-le without a registration Insignla, anda:"
WHEREAS, Section 8 :.f Article III of s8id
Code provides that an election of the State C.
Authorities by the members of the lndustry.LwH
have registered as required under Article Vi,.l
held within sixty (f60) days after the effect
date of the Code, and ..... .
(Continued on page 7, column I) _"'

,? (Continued from ,iage 6, columnn 4)
.'i .WHEREAS, by Administrative Order Issued on
J goune 18th the time within which members of the
,Traln Industry were required to igister was
intendedd to June 28, 1934, and the requirement
for the display of registration of the vehicle was
!:,.tended to July 13, 1934 and the time within
widh elections must be held was extended to
ju g 28, 1934, and
S HERiEAS, the Budget of the Trucking Indus-
"try was not approved until May 10, 1934. and
Registration could not be commenced until after the
approval of said Budget. and
SWHEREAS, the appointment of temporary
memberss of the State Code Authority for New
'-MHlle was3 not approved by the Administrator
antol June 5, 1934, and t'he Secretaiv or said
State Code Authority was unavoidably aeienet, and
WHEREAS the appointmeuit of temporary metm-
hers of the _tate Code Authority for the State
area of the District or Columbia wa- not approved
ukil July 2, 1934, and
WHEREAS, the National Code Authority for
the Trucking Industry bas requested that the
Stime within which mcmbets of the Trucking In-
dustry op-rating in the area subject to the juris.
diction of the State Code Authority for Ner.'
Maclao must register and file schedules of minima
for rates and tariffs, be extended to July 15. 1934,
and the time within wbleb display o0 regi.ttation
Insignia on the vehilcle Is required, be extended tI
July 30, 1934. and that any "for hire" member
.who-has registered and a-sented to the Code on
or before July 15 1934, shall be entitled to vote
In the first elections of the permanent members
of the Stite and Dirisi'-nal Code Authorities to
be held within thirty S130 days aiter June 28,
1934 aod
WhEREAS, the National Code Authority for.
tie Trucking Industry has requested that the time
within which members of the Trucking Industry
-operating In the area subject to the jurisdiction
oa the iState Code Authority for the District of
Columbia must regist.r aid file "-echedules of
minima for rates and tariffs be extended to Jul,
1I, 1934, and the- time within which display of
the registration insignia on the vehicle is requited,
be extended to July 25. 1934. and that any for
hire" member who has registered and assented
to the Code on or before July 13, 19?4. shall be
etitled t, rv;te in the first eiectiorns of the per.
manent members of the State and Divisional Code
Authorities to be held within thirty k30) days
after June "S, 1934, and
WHEREAS, it appears that because of tbhe
recent approval date of the appointment of mem-
bers to the temporary State Cod- Authority for
the Stale of New Mexico (Junre t1 and for the
District of'Columbia (Juiv ,i and tbecau-e of the
unavoidable abseancre frtm the State of the SeLre-
tary of the temporary New Mi.rico State Code
Authority. the registration of members of the
Industry in that State was temporarily delayed, it
Is necessary that the above extensions be made
in order that members of the Industry in these
areas will be enaniled to comply with the Code.
NOW, THEREFORE. I. Hugh S. Johnson. Ad-
ministrator for Industrial Reccvery, pursuant to
the authority rested in me by Executive Orders
ot the President and the Code of Fair Cocmoecition
-for the Trucking Industry, and otherwise, do)
hereby order that ill the time within which
members of the Trucking Industry operating in
the area set up as the Jurisdiction of the Sttate
Cods Authority for the State of New Mexico. must
Register and file schedules of minima for rates and
tariffs be extended to July 15. 1934, and the time
within which display of registration insignia on
the vehicle Is required, be- extended to Ju1j' 30.
P'.1934f and that any '"for hire" member who has
Sregiltered and assented to the Code on or before
"1July..l5, 1934, shall'-be entitled to vote in the first
:.electiptis of the permanent members of the State
v. areas and Dirisiohal Code Authorities to be beTd
W'within thirty (80: days after June 28. 19342; 2
:the time within which members of the Tru'.kinrg
Industry operating in the area set up as tre inrls
dirction of the State Code Authority for the State
area of the Eilstrict of Columbia must register
ard file schedules of minima for rates and tariffs
be extended to July 13. 1934. and the time within
which display of the registration Insignia (,n the
vehicle is required, be extended to July 25. 1934.
sad that any "for hire" member who has r-i's-
tered and assented to the Code on or before July
1'3. 1934, shall be entitled to vote in the first
elections of the permanent members of the State
area and Divislonal Code Authorities to be held
wi thi thirty (30l days after June 26. 13-.
Admnltivtrolor for Industrial Rt'ofiv'ry.
Approval recommended :
S islon Adininl-itrnlor.
Aull 7, 19S4

188-9 (Amend. No. 1)
An appUlearlon having been duly made pursuant
te aud in full compliance with the provsiii:'n of
Title I of the Natl-onal Industrial Rec-'rverv Act.
approved Jane 16, 1933. f...r the esxterion of the
Code of Fair Competition for the Velrer Industry
fur the durati.en of the Act. and for the consequent
amendimeut of the Code by strilkion out the seond
entence of Article X. and hearings harian been
dmy held therein, and the annexed report on eald
tension containing dindings wita respect thereto
haivie been made and'directedJ to the President:
N!)W THEREFORE, on nhbalf of thebo President
or the United States .. Hugh S. Jobohns.:.n. Admi.
tIsrator for Idusltriai Re'overvy. pursuant to au.
ttvested ir_, me tv Exs_.utilve Ordlcrs of tu;
resideat, Includirng Ex'ecuiive Order No 6543-A.
dated Decemb.r 30. 1,431 and otherwise:; do ber..-br
lacrporste by referente said annexed replit and
do ind tbat said extension and amendment and the
Cede as i:ootIltuted after be;ng amended ,ampiv
I Eall respect with the- pertrient r.t'roti.)n-, and
f tuPromote the &.hIevi and of satd Title
or said Ac: t, ar'nd do hereby order tbhair -tii ex-
nslo he granted, and thbJt ai.1 am-idmi-ar L.e
ad it l hebrebv approved, and that th. pie-.-lus
approval of said Coed'e is hereby mnodln-di to itctude
an aPPtEial of said Code in Its entiretty as extended
sld as.ameodd, and do further order that all
embers of this Industry. a .Jenned In AtItie-t II
"f the Code, be governed bh taic Code alone cs toe
their operations within thi Industry.
Admintistraior for inda.trial Rccootry.
Approval recommended :
Division. Adia in istrator.
WashIngton D.C.,
July 19'3., '

Machine Knife and Allied Steel Products
Manufacturing Industry
PACTS.-'the introdut, ry paragraph ,f Arrt.-le
Il Provides I part" .Unfair practles Eall be
deemed to e p ractires ,r acts which b, subt.r fuge,
di'serimntmsre' -pr.serntation or by any form of
d i mtin'atinou result in sellIng below rutu-lh,,-
Pjfar-e Soecdn of ArtclIe XIII provides In
-coartj ommerchialbribery provisions shall not be
:.d to prohibit free and general distribution

of articles commonly used for advertising" It is,
however, not common practice in the Machine
Knife and Allied Steel Products Manufacturing In-
dustry to furnish gratis knives if standard speci-
fications which can be put Into a machine and used
In the place of knives whlco otherwise must be
purchased. Section 6, of Article SIII, provides In
part: No manufacturer shall reader to ant pur-
chaser or any products -------- any unsusual -Cev.
Ice ---------- unless fair compensation for such
service shall be paid by eub puraLtnser. Section 9.
of Article XIIIl forbids:" '"Any discrimination be.
tween purchasers by the sale of any artl.,i? having
a published pri,.e, at anv price Lelow the Eeller's
published price."
QUESTION.--Would It be a vliiatlon cf. Artlclh
XIII, the Introductory paragraph thereof. Section 2
thereof, Section 6 thereof, ana Se'.tion j thereof,
or any *,f them, for a member of the Machine Knife
and kilied Steel Products Monufacturing Industry
to piece in the hands of a traveling salesman who
travels In a car. one hundred Or ,o Tlaion Mtiit
Speed Planer Knivi'sc- of standard specifications and
have him go about the c-ountr;, giving away Saun.ies
to prospective customers who ore now buying their
knives of a ':ompetittrl'
INTERPRETATION -1. The sJpplylng free of
a product it, a form of purely advertising an article
Is not fcrbldden, but tne supplying tree,. or at tioy
prlec, below the maker's published price, of a proid-
uct which Is not purely an advertising article, Is
2 The distinction between a purely advertising
article and a product whi'.b Is not purely an adver.
tising article Is whether or not such article Is
susceptible to productive use In the recipient's
8. If the gift Is one which the recipient can
put into a machine and u-:e, with the re-ult that
he thereby receives the value that lies In such a
Soiduct and receives tbls full value or any value
or less than maker's published price on that arti-
cle. It is in violation of the Machine Knits andl
Allied Steel Producta Manufacturing Industry Code.

Athletic Goods Manufacturing Industry
FACTS -Appilcant employs thre-i men who per.
form the duties of foremen and at- hmen
QUEETION--Are tactse employees to be ,onsi,.
ered as firemen under Article III. Section 3, Sub-
section (dj. or as watchmen under Arti.-le III,
Section 3, Subsection ( i?
INTERPRETATION Employees, engaged as
watchmen, required Incidentally to maintain beat
in a building., shall be governe.i by the hourly lim.
Citations estantished for wat'.:bmen In Subsiction
ifs, Section 8. Article III. Employees, engaged
as firemen, required incidentally to perform bthe
duties of watchmen, shall be governed by the hourly
LimIltations established for firemen In Subsection
.di, Section 3, Artiele III.

Motor Vehicle Retailing Trade
FACTS.-It appearing that the language of the
Code in respect to outsided e commisslon sales-
men ". "fuii time outside salesmen and -" regui-
lar salesmen" as used In Article III, Title B,
Se-tions "2 and 5, has raised the question as to
whether or not an ", out.lde commission tal'sman ",
a full time outside salesman ", or a regular
salesman could be employed for, or assigned to.
the duties of selllog motor vehicles whbUe other-
wise gainfully employed, the following Interpre.
tation Is made necessary in order to clear up the
existing difference In opmiecn.
QUESTION.-Can a aiember of the Motor
Vehicle Retailing Trade employ for the purr":se of
selling motor vehicles, those gatnf-uUy employed
Int some other occupation' by a nonmember of the
INTERPRETATION.-A member of the Trade
may employ as a salesman an employee of a non.
member of the Trade. provided that said employee
Is paid the guaranteed drawing account as pro-
vided In Article 1i, Title B, Section 5.

Investment Bankers
FACTS.-It appears that salesmen for invest-
ment banking inrms indulge in the practice of
calling In person etn or telephoning to investors-at
the latterai' home for the purpose of solciting the
deposit or exchange of securities under a plan of
reorganlzation of a corporation without tae In-
viator's written permission. The questLon arises
whether such procedure Is a violation of Article
VII, Section 3 of the Amendment to the Code of
Fair Competition for Investmemt Bankers, ap-
proved March 23, 1934. which Is as follows:
-' No salesman shall '.all In person upon or
telephone to, any cu-stomer or prop:'.i:r;ve custo-
mer at his home or residence for th- purpose of
selling to. or offering to sell to, or soliciting an
offer -to buy from such customer or prospective-
customer, unless such customer or pi.esp-iIlve- :is-
tomer shall have previously given written permin-
sinr, therefore to the Investment bansert employing
such salesman. As uIjei In this sectr.,'n the term
*salesman shall Iin.lude any Investment banker,
or any partner, officer, eor egnoloye thereof who
does -any act or thing In this section descrlbibed.
This section shall not apply to the soilIctatlon of
bealne-s persons, retired or professional persons.,
or farmers"
QUESTION -Shb.ouid the pr.ovislons of Se,:ti-a
3. A.rti-le Vii f:,[ the Amendment to rane Ceoj, .rf
Fair Cor'mpet-tlrn for lInvestment Bankers be in
e.rpretd so that Its provielons will not apply to
the solicitationa of the deposit or exchange of
se,-urnties under a -nsa fide reorganization 'f a
corporate ion?
INTERPRETATION -It Is ruled that the r-,r,.
visions. of Attic'ie Xil, Sec:tion 3, of Amenirme-rit
No 2 to tue Code of Fair 'Comp-tltl:,rn for Invcst-
meat Bankers do applyv to the soeilratlour of the
d'cposlt 'r -exhnng,.- f securities under a b.ana
r.lh reorganizatnion or a crpratilon

Warm Air'Furnace Manufacturing
QUESTION-1. Mav the employe-i locluded
und.r Se.'-riou 3 Iai of Artlcle II work mer- than
fC.rty.four 144i )ui s p,-r "-ik sO more th-an
eight urs a weight ieius and foteght 14Pi mtnut.s In
any rnr dav it thlet are raid time anrii enr- lif [i..r
any timoe iceii arn" emplo.v:d o-er tme it Er lui)
i.-ei-eat tolera ne'-
2 if it I p,'ri. ,sihble for tnem to work overtime
0in enteg'artc.Q., i. the'e any limit tr t tIe- .vcrtlme
proT ded the i:nipiioye Is raid time ani one.naif?
3. What emrplo.vs ar, pali ovrt;m under the
pr..rii.:ns a f thel Co'd- or Fair Conip.tJon tfor
the Warm Air Furnace ManutaLturirtg Industry ?
INrERIPRETATiON-1 Employ-e ist:(.',r.J In
Se(ri in 3 iai of Arti.- l II of tbhe at,,:,'.mei tlonel
Ceode mat not wore i, excte.-s of for:ty.rour i441
hour, p.-r we-k or eiflit i S h.urs and frty eight
i4iW minutes in anv twertty-'.our i h-'11 hdr period
exc-pt during any rweive i ili w.-ks in any t rl.e
r'" months period they may not bLe employed In
exeers of ittyv-to t,52) hIour; and forty eight 14 s)
minute" per w.ek or eight iS8 hours and5 tonry.
eight t4.i minutes in any -iventy-four 24,i b:.ur
po T twelve (12 wk period Tistwv wek ierlod may raun
IntermittE-ntlv Empicvees covered ia this section
do, not have t', be paid overtime as thb.?y are spe-
c.dcnily exempted trom the overtime pr.ovislicn
Artloe II Section 3 Id).
2. Employees covered In Article II, Section
3 io) are not permitted to work in ex-cess ot
bnurs outlined In interpretation Number 1 above
There are no provisions in thL. tCode covering
emergency periods. e a
Allu "epi,., except offce empie-e and
except employees covered by Article 11. S ectOn
3 al i. ib) and (ci must be paid overtime as stated
in Article II, Section 3 (d).

ode Approvals

te !tire and Iron Fence I
v. (A division of the fab
metal products mann fact
nd metal finishing and me
'ng industry.)
redl July 3, 1934.-Effective J
tbe wage, hour. and labor provision
code and provides for the e-lection o
tarv code authority of nine pert
Au-hority Is instructed, under the C
a uniform cost-accounting svet'em
i of an enterg.nccy in th,- industry
Ive price ,.-.utting to fix a lowaett rtea
for industry piodut. is beiow which
ball sell goods during an emerge,
istrator stayed ciaues-s in the Code
the registration of members of

qck, Wfire Tack, and Sm
'e Industry. (A division
bricated metal products ma
during and metal finish
netal coating industryy)
red July 6, 1934.-Effective J
the wage, hour. and labor provision
code and dednes the fair trads praci
to this branch of the Industry.

Softener and Filter Indust1
subdivision of the mach/in
allied products industry.)
red July 9, 1934.-Effective J

the wage, hour, and labor provision
code E.itablibhes supplemental
and requires the filing of price I
Iung below .oSt wieu thie Code Aut
the approval of the AdJminisLrator,
ibat there Is an emetgenoy in the indu
structlve- price ,:Jtt;ng. Approval
tib a stay of tae claus-' providing fii
nim between the date of hWing and e
of price lists.

iical Press AlIanufacturi
stry. (A subdivision of
inery and allied produ
red July 9, 1934.-Effective J
tbe wage. hour, and lamor provision
code. Establibshes supplrmenral
and requires the filing of price 1
ieling below cost when nte Code'
itn the approval of the AdmJnistri
that there Is an emergency In
due to destructive price cutting.
i granted subject to a stay of the c-i
for a waiting rime between the dslat
effective dates of price lists.

ale Fresh Fruit and ['egeta
ibutlive Industry.
red bly the President June
rective July 16. 1934.
ibe a forty-eight k481 hour week an
bour day. C0-rical and office employ
A to forty-four 1441 hours per w
era and helpers permitted to work
additional per week provided they
aad one-thiri for overtime. Luriag
is of 3 weeks eacu per year, emplo
12 hours Wte- davy om forty-eight (
week averaged over 4 week- MianI
ge from $13.00 to $1600 per weei
and $12"i t i) $1b it$ i th1 South.
pon the population, and with a Souti
of $.1.10 applying thr-.ugboiut. T
'mporary labor ni3ay be employed oc
is when mthe above -cai is adjusted
rate Fair trade piactic- rulleI art'
prorei.lon made ior cod- auith,rlty
ribcr'. /

and Floor Trzsck Alainuf
g. (.4 subdivision of0
inery adift allied products
red July 7. 11M34.-Effeetive J
tbe wag,. hour., and labor provlsi'.,n.
rode-. Pi videoss a separate code
ITse A.imlnir,-tirtor, in approving
,?,j the pr-vision prescribing a wal
'en tile a llna wirb the Code Autbo
f-fitive darte ,tf [trice Let a asorigin
:.r revi.-r]d p[i'e lits 'ir. rv.e'd te
i ans of saile.

Supplies and Equipment D
ring Trade. (A4 diz.ision of,
'se-atling or distributing trad
-red July 5, 1934.-Effective J
r: v wage, uour, .and labi r pro-:iilorns
code Provtides ort n suorlc-me
utny and trade pian:ti:e pr,.,vist-.ns p
d ivii:,ion l tn- ind.o-try It, the or
a1, the A.dim niltrato.r stayed the
*-..ri ainn a vailtln- p riod t.-wtv-cen
thLr Authobrity undJ tbhe tfec
vised prl.:e li'iLt or llIseL terms
of cuith. 'tilittt rj. appr',val otlnt
he provislOu relitlrng i. prit\. d.lff-
s pr.,vigleon as ipprov-ed fior ori, nii
subject to fartber order at the end
d 'is a r>.sult or a study that will
5 i.tperuition

n and Loose-Leaf Tobac
'house Industry.
red June 30. 1934.-Effective J
tes a forty 140() hour week and an el
day. Certain employees p-rmitted
e ili tiours per dav provided thev
:t $'-5% per w.ek. Mitimuim w.iges
hour fur unsdli'l1d coinmon ihbora
week '''r clerical er mrploeIVe.-. It ist
no we-siy wage shall be ri-duced "ncI
tli:n of working hours under the C

. ..: -: .-. _, : .*'. -L '* .


~~~~~~~~~~~~~. . . . . .. .. ,..:. ,.... -,',?'.*. ":.-.4" ...' :<., ,o

JULY 11-Cont

Chemical Engineering Equiprin
(A subdivision of the minachiii
In- and allied products industry.-)Y |
'ri- Approved July 5, 1934.-Effeetive J
16, 1934.
S Adopts,the woge, hour, and labor provlsionsl
a the basic code. The Administrator ordered'deit
?1a Ea claiiis; under which the members of the tndastp
by assenting to the Code held that they dId!%&-
therey asisent to any modifications or chin
Uly there-of. Provides for t-he setting up of'a6i;"
authority and for open price filing. .
s of
i a Roller and Silent Chain. (A s
*od., division of machinery and al1"
anid -A., -. **"~
dU( products industry.) N'.
-a n Approved July 5, 1934.-EBffectlve7 l
rcy. 16, 1934. '"4
pro- Adopts the wage, hour, and labor provlionDBBO
the the basic code and provides a supplementalt'edj
authority. Approval was granted with the proViJ
that the clause Itilrituting a waiting period betw ie
'all toe date of filing and eiffretire date of open pri.-.
dIsts be stayed pending further orders. :,'
of -
an- D6i
Ig Industrial Bonded De


tihes Total bonded debt of 321 Americanri in
trial corporations, which reached a pedio
$2.7-144,000,i:i in 1928, totaled $2,156,000'
rY. at the end of last year, a drop of 22.3i-'
cry cent, according to the latest analysis.ib^
pated by the Moody Service. The degUL
In debts since 1929 is placed at 14.9 percd'
;nly Corporations involved in the report incl]
every industrial unit for which compare.
as of data was available in 1926, the first yeat.o
Sthe study.
her From 1929 through 1933, according to 111
d. analysis, cash and marketable securitlidsen
atrs these-corporations, exclusive of do se
or a banks, decreased from $3,126 ,00 ..0.'..
ffe-. $22,64-4.10),000, or 12.6 percent. Notesgh n
accounts receivable fell from $2 256,000;A
i;,g to $1,417,00 ",000, or 37.2 percent, while,
g ventories destined from $4,784,000,000,' ,t
the $3,3S&.000,000. or 29.2 percent. -*
4CIS _------- ,,3

Railway Revenues !
11nl y * .*':v

of 18.5%
Atur Gross operating revenues of the 148 class;I
the railroads of the country which had report
Ap. to the Bureau of Railway Economics on June
ue of 6 for the first 5 months of 1934 totaled $51,
347,0133,,.3, compared with $1,136,911,878 In
1933, an increase of 1S.5 percent. ;..
'ble Their net operating income for the-'.5,
months totaled $183,977,640, which was at
the annual rate of return of 2.11 percent'..i
29, their property investment. In the first '
S months of 1933 the net income was $94A:.
deesa 918,39S, or 1 OS percent on their property, lnf
Ferk vestment. ..i
four These roads are in every section 6f;.'
two country, agricultural as well is industriaij
y.:', Only 31 of them failed to earn all expeniels
t' including ttxes, for the 5-month period, o
SIn 1934, 8 in the eastern, 5 in the southern, and
di(. 20 in thei- "estrn di-ti-.r- .9
ninn For May alone, the 148 carriers had'..A
1an net income of $39).494,980 which, for thbat
i to month ua-4 at the annual rate of 1.99 percent
.dt on their entire property investments. In thi
i Eastern district for the 5 months, all re
sporting radl showed net income of $121;:J
ac- 670.303 which was at the annual rateo'f6A
return of 2.75 percent on their total propi
the c.rty, investment.
in- -.

Code Authority-By-Q
,4,r laws Approved

teing Lad Industry ; Cli'yndr Mould and Dandy Roi1
,ity Induatr.v iiltn h ecx.d.. oDiI Knr tiao Braiding;
-.v and Wire Ccrerlrg Machbin.' Irnluotry and Trad
r a ficti o usrin tl- .t V int rridrd- Cia et"i Pipe Man-
r ioacturiag lodu-try withi ex,:ceptiornsi ; Cotton Ra!
Trade iv.ith cxieptlornSl ; C'tnwo M'inufacturtnga
Industry itith exs:pti.ris) ; Cblira Mtinufactunrlfi
iS- IndJstry ir1itI exceptti.-)n : '.rin.'ss Fornitt'e
Stnrage BEiuipm,:at, and, F'iti. Supply Industryi
t/ic' (wat ixscepitons : Offic'e Eqtitn.mnt Manufactut
ing industry iwita exception) Furniture Manlu
le.) factulig induiury i.itb eaceptitnei; Saving'
Buidin- and Looan XAssoiciati)ir ; Slate Indausrq
Wly i with ]-si.eption3i Mica ic'u-stry initu excep
I..:,- W l-n a lpu Coal Iridustr i itliI exceptionsJ
.-t MU':tubI:it-r r.1 All.viJ Products Induistry iwlth.b
iall ri,: tt.-.rn, ; Fexi-l:, lnEuiation lnduslry (wllthsI
cu. ceptlorisi ; Lithcrr.tphil: Printing Industryt (wit
rider excreotlon: i l" industry, -Hardwoi)S
p,re. [lstiUatian Industry i with exceptionas't ; Ne
the slrin-' Inuitttr3 -witU eXst, tioas) ; i .ialitaly Napl
(tii. nrd -ltian aC Tiz-sue Industry Iwirh exceptioob)!4
and Foojd rlsbh and Pulp and Poperi Plate Industv
Ift6 I with .-xceptionsc' ; ruTinlng Ext'act Industry (wif
rren. exceptifnsi ; Paper, Stanrionery, and Tablet Mann
aety ftacturinlc Indu-Lry iwlth esxceptiunsi ; Pipe Orgi
or ndt ustrr I with ,.xcet-ions : Envelop Industt
Ie titL eci-r[tioinsE : Fiuted Cup. Pan Liner, a.a
Lace Paper Industry i-iih exceptions) ; Sanltary
Milk Bottle' Closure Industry (with exceptlons)-t
Cem.-nt Gun Cortrarcr.irs Induetry wilth excep.I
cCO tnoas : Guaed and Fanev Paper lIndustry twjt
exceptionsi ; Cylln.idriul Liquid Tight Paper Con-l
tanner Industry inith -xceptionat Gumming -i1
dustry twith sni cerptioni Waterproof Paper'.rnl
ely dustry rith exceptl.:.nst ; Fiber Can and TUba
Industry with ei:eplipons). .'.
glht Radic. Whiilesaling Industry (with exceptions).,
to B.:,ttilg Miadtlnery and Equipment Mannufacturning
are Industry i with exceptions) ; Agricultural Inseoti.
or.. tide and Fungicide Industry (with exceptional):..
and Silverware Manufacturing Industry (with exc-j
pro. tlnas); : Sand Lim,- Brick lIndustry (with ese
"use nrons): Concrete Pip- Industry (with esception).0
'ode Spray Painting and Finishing Industry IWI1W
exceptions). ._It ,

.. at
i .: ~ ~t ...

110 .1 -Z1. .

Tan:s.i Industry


..e. Administrator, on June 2S, 1934, is
.erles of orders granting petitions for .
'p-the provisions of articles 3 and 4 o
kat"Code to the following:
11ao ELECTRaC & RAtLWAY Co., Cc
hlsfl, Tex.: Stay granted upon folio
'() That said company shall fui
foiithly reports of its earnings and openr
expenses to the Transit Code Authority.
_2) That said company consider and nr
yihether It 'is possible to eliminate its I
ital charges and to obtain a remlssic
K ioln taxes reported by the examiner,
')..That said company report the re
o tas. study of a plan to assure aderc
deportation facilities in the city, inclh
possibdity of a substitlition cf gas
't for street railway operation, if
rt Is not suited to the trnnsporti

d. RME LIGHT & RAsLRoAD Co., Mobile,
-Y- was granted upon following condit
)' That said company make monthly;
hq of its earnings and operating exp,
-6A.,Transit Code Authority, and
P....That it report whether It is paying,
o6in labor twenty-four (24 i cents an
ding to said petition, or twenty-two
lialf (22) cents an hour as indicate
4Transit Code Authority letter of Di
ri,1933, a copy of which is a part bi

.H: Stay granted upon following -
1..) That said corporation will fi1
ontlily report of earnings and opera
ses with the Transit Code Autbhi

.i,2)- That, whereas the officers' salaries
,: .corporation nearly equal in amoun
ges of its bus drivers, it will consider
report whether or not it can reduce its
!.r'. salaries and raise the wages of it'
iers, so as to comply with the mini
|Iage rate requirements of the Transit i

F~~sAnrsAs PowEr & Li[ar Co., Pine 1
Sk: Stay granted upon following c

IQ :,That -such company furnish to
"t'Oode Authority a monthly state and operating expenses, inchl
1 re'te statement for its bus opera

2 That such company will take and
ports from time to time upon the nece
Seps to obtain local regulation of taxica
jieald city of Pine Bluff.
6A tBdIsE STE'rar CAk Co., Boise. Idaho:
granted upon following conditions:
.(1) That said company will fu
monthly statements of its earnings and
kaig expenses to the Transit Code Auth

(2) That it make -anod report efforts t
l'iocal regulations of taxicabs by a
-Fair Competition or other appro(

id Tenn.: Stay granted upon following
(1.) That said company will fu
nthly statements of its earnings and
"tig expenses, including such statement
lasralway operations, to the Trapsit
Atority, and
(2) That said company will exercise
ionable diligence in providing relief in
Kal "Of increased compensation, to bi
tended to the three employees in the
department and the one repair man
ving only fifty-four (54) dollars
month, as recommended by the examine
,lA.Veport to the Code Authority, which
-portAis a part of this record.
ier.: Stay granted upon following condit
1(i) That eaid corporation will fu
pdnthly statements of Its earnings and
gfng expenses to the Transit Code Auth
r(2) 'That said corporation 'will aLso fu
Iierewith complete information as t
Mwerxship and control, stating whether
Wro ertfles used are owned by one co
nly, Its relations with the GalvestonHo
bdctric Co. and the Galveston-Houston
Ml!Railway Co., and whether there Is e
petition between the bus line and the
:y;.whether they are controlled by the
E.'erests, and '
..!M) That the said corporation wil
eavor to adjust its service operations a
S iat.ions with Its affiliated corporation
|Et each can comply with the hour
|, provisions of the Transit Code.

.i le, Ohio: Stay granted upon following
.)-That said corporation will file m(
tbrts of Its earnings and operating exi
*ith the Transit Code Authority, accord
.Standard accounting practices, although
rably in accordance with the claseiflcat
ecolnts provided for the bus companies
:(2) That any readjustment of w(
bkurs and wages by said corporation sh
ech that in no event will It work It:
klIonger hours than they were worked pr
dte approval of the Transit Code, eff
October 2. 1933, and that In no even
lower wages be paid than those that
|jpid prior to the effective date of said



issued July 16, 1934
styS Tnro ng (7j.............................. Dept Comm., 2L -t.....-.. Tha'stton........ A uC ta Silk Co, Augum,s
f the __________________a

July 17, 1934
Wool [tx f5ales yarn div.) i1i'.............
Cruiichd Stone. Sand anao Itrael and Sing
t i i)i'(Tmii of Ex.i ltunifr:rm arc. and
co-ling Syitelri'i
Cina.eria. At.7?! &rid Sc:nenrer (Propos
[t6t el. ol Cieil. _______
July IS, 1934

Dept Commul..?0A2-61 ....... r i.ooD....... ,.de tOrity.
Ral-i-n HotI............. .. HitCkLig......... Cod AutluritY.

Wa;biothlrt a Hotell..........

Hught.s.. .....

Lumber and Timber Prod i1)............. Clrllon Hotel .. .... D a..........Dio.
Food Service Equipmeant (i................. Dept. Comm., O-6't..... Cir............
Cap dnd Clobth Hat........................ Raleigh Hotel. ............ Ba...........

LumtBr Coon AitoDrity.
F ,l Sdr'.l.e Equip. in]i
2d Comp.iii-'_,

July 19, 1934.
Beauty and Barber Equip. and Sup. i4) (I). Wlliad Hotel......rd...... Crckard........DivslonalCode Authority.
Retail Je e y il........................... W o oel........... C r................. Cole. Authoriity.-.

July 20, 1934
Pailr liog, Pmpr,.rhangimg, and Decoratmn& ,)
1 i1er. ngeVL'ftU[ .
Wash. and Iron Micb. M Is (taod. prin. of
tLit acio aod minA. ol fCO.1 bnd.).
' bh :e a _e M illio ry 'i raJe 4) (Ii ..........
July 23, 1924

Raicigh Hotl6...............
Dept. Comm., 2Mi2-t......
Waehinglon Hotel-.........

Elee. irg. '7 . . ......... ............ W hngto Hote .
Beverage D.ipon:nir Equip i) i5) ()...... iJIrd Hotel..............
Duplicating and Mading ....................i Rlga Hotel...............

July 024, 1931
Plumbing Filatuies (mm. dif between whlse
and retaiell pur levels).
Ptiat., Paperbangng arnd Decorat (3.i.....
Oortun Cloth Glove Mg. it) ...............
Coltton Cioth Glove Mfg. (7)...............

Dept Comm.. 2062-t.....
Mayflower Hotel............
Wdlard Hotel..............
Wilard Hotel..............

Campbell ......

Foster ...........


Trucking (7).--...............................---------. Ambasador HoteL-.-...... Hughes.......
Trucking (7) ................................. Ambassador HoteL.......... Hughes.........

Bottle Sort Di Ink (deter. of low. reasonable

RepresentativrO Groups In
Code Authority.
Di visional Code AuborjtY.

Radio Mifra Asn.
Code Auhority'.
Mll Adlver. Serr As3.,

Code Authority
Repre. groups In certain Oec-
tlon. of Pa and Del.
Code Autlorty'.
Enorh MIg. Co., Mt. Strlt
tog, Ky.
Percel Del Cc.. Io Nor-
lOull, Va.
United Parcel Service, N.Y.

Mayflower Hotel ........... Dunning ........ Code Authority.

July 25, 1934 II
Motor VehJde Retllmn (hi (8).....- ....... Shoraham Hotel............. Ammerman..... Authority.
Canning ......ty.................. lower Hotel-.... .... -White........... Nal. Kraut Packers A sn ,
_______________________ Inc.

July 26, 19.J4
Music Publishing...........................

_______________-lia ----------

Pankaiaan aclt~hlinorr 2-.P~

Washington HoteL.........

Carlton HoteL.---.............

July 27, 1934
Mfgd. g6 (rev. from 7-13-34)................ Dept. Comm.; 3309..........
:at. Tele. Subdtv. of the Tele. Lnd. trecessed Dept. Comm., 33090..........
from 7-13-34)j.
Bell Sys. Subdiv. of the Tale. Ind. (recessed DepL. Comm., 3309..........
Iu:e 7-13J-34).
Wholale Shoe ()....-.- ......-- ...... Dept. Comm.. 2062-6-....
lAugust 14, 1934 i
Insul. Bd. rMer. Plan) (Adj. from 6-15-34).. Mayflower EHuteL_.........



Music Pub Aan. of the UO.S.
and the Music Pub. Pro.
Code Authority.
Code Authority.

Peebles.......... Mfgd. Gas Indus. Ann.
Peebles ......... U.S. Ind. Tele. Assn.

Crockard.-. ..-.


21 Companlis.
Natl. Assn. of Shoe Whise.

Code Authority.

(I) Modification Proponal. (2) Amendments. (3) Division of the Construction Industry. (4) Division of the Whole-
Salmg and DiLtrinuting Trade. (5) Code Authority Budget and BaSIS of Contlrbution. 1.) Division of the Retail Trade.
(7) App. for Exemption. iS) App. for Termination of Exemption.

(3) That said corporation make and sub-
mit plane to enable it to comply with the
provisions of the Transit Code other than or
in additiofi to the plan suggested Ln its peti-
tion made a part hereof.
The orders will become effective 14 days
from the date of approval unless good cause
to the contrary is shown to the Administrator
before that time and the Administrator issued
a subsequent order to that effect."
Tui-City TRACTION Co., Princetou, W.Va.:
-Stay granted upon following conditions:
(1I That said company iIll furnish
monthly statements of its earnings and oper-
ating expenses to the Transit Code Authority,
(2) That said company will further con-
sider and report to the Transit Code Author-
ity within a reasonable period to be named
by the Transit Code Authority, whether or
not it Is practicable or possible to reorganize
and readjust its services, hours, and pay. so
as to enable the company to comply with the
-requirements and provisions of the Transit
TRANSpoarATION Co. and its wholly owned
subsidiary, The Leavenworth Transportation
Co.. Kansas City. Kans.: Stay granted upon
following conditions:
(1) That said corporations shall furnish
monthly reports of their earnings and oper-
ating expenses to the Transit Code Authority
In accordance with standard accounting prac-
tices so as clearly to distinguish between the
financial conditions and respective costs of
the railway and the bus operations.
(2) That any adjustment of working hours
or wages by said corporations shall, in no
event, result In the employees being permitted
to work longer hours than they were worked
prior to October 2, 1933, and that the aggre-
gate weekly or monthly earnings of employees
shall not be substantially less than those
prior to said date, and
(3) That said corporations make efforts
and formulate plans to comply with the re-
quirements and provisions of the Transit
Code as to maximum working hours and wage
rate provisions In conducting their railway
and bus operations and report their conclu-
sions and actions In such respect to the Tran-
sit Code Authority at a reasonable date to be
named by said Transit Code Authority.
Johnson City, Tenn.: Stay granted upon fol-
lowing conditions:

(1) That said corporation shall furnish
monthly reports of its earnings and operating
expenses to the Transit Code Authority.
(2) That said corporation will segregate
its bus Investment, earnings, and operating
expense accounts from Its railway accounts
so as to show clearly the financial condition
and operations of its bus business separate
and apart from Its railway Investment busi-
ness, according to standard accounting prac-
tices, and
(3) That said corporation make and report,
from time to time, its efforts to obtain State
or local regulation of taxicabs to prevent the
competition complained of as cause for the
exemption applied for by said corporation,
through a Code of Fair Competition for such
taxicab industry or by other appropriate

Forks. N. Dak.: Stay granted upon following
(1) That such company will file monthly
reports of its earnings and operating expenses
with the Transit Code Authority.
(2) That such company will endeavor to
raise the hourly rates of pay for its class D
employees to a figure between thirty (30)
cents and thirty-five i(35 cents per hour as
indicated in the company's letter, dated De-
cember 18, 1933, addressed to the Transit
Code Authority, which Is a part of this order,
(3) That such company will consider and
report whether or not the rendition of either
railway or bus services only would enable it
to comply with the provisions of articles III
and IV of the Transit Code.

NRA Insignia for

Garters, Suspenders,


The use of an NRA iusignia on products of
the garter, suspender, and belt manufacturing
industry is authorized by an order recently
announced by the Administrator.
Every product of the Industry sold 30 days
after approval of these rules bears the special
NRA designation of the industry.



- . -

........ . ... .. ., ... -.


Lumber Prices H

Housing Program::,.
IContinued from page 41 -

Intilubhle icept Nor. 13. 15. 1', 431 and he'
made an part tItreoi Include the rea-onable coas
all Items ur elsiiSeatluonis of sald products,
tomar11 or off-red for sale in competln
with one another; that the sai] reasonable C(
for the r-Spectlve grades and It-ms of any sPet
are in reasonable proportion to the market pl
of adch grades and Items during a representative
pe l,-d; that the said rules and regulations 'im
pronislon tor equltanle differentials for pradilt
below a.'cepted atasdards' of quality, such as,'..
product oat some small mills, and .or tire equltj:
application of sald reasunabic- cost, and that *il
reasonable courts reflect due regard to the mal
nance of t free competition amrnog species, dtl
elons and ouLbdivislons aod witn the produeti.
oth-r Industries and othb-r countries.
NOW, THEREFORE, I. Hugh S Johnson,
minlstrator for Industrial Recovery, pursuant:
authority vested In me by said Article IS, Bectl
il, ,o)f the Code of Fair Competition for the-Li
her and Timber Pr.-..durts Industries and by Exei
tire Orders of the President, and otherwise,;:
adopt and approve the said report, recommeii
tlns and ftindinre of the .Deputy Adminltiat
and do hereby declare that an emergency eexisit
the Lumber and Timber Products Industr1
threatening to render Ineffective and to serlrb
endanger the maintenance of the purpose'sl
provisions of said Code and of the Act, aad.'i
hereby determine that it Is necessary to the ma
trenanoce of the purposes and provisions of sal
rode and of the Act that reasonable costs of Itei
and clamdeflcatlons of lumber and timber prode,
and rules and regulations for the .ipplleasis
rhereof be determined and established during ite
period of said emergency; and do hereby furlt'
determine that the Ieas,.inaile cotsa of items'i-
,lassiflcatlons of lumber and timber products a
as set forth In Exhibits marked 1 to "'15 "-
elusive except Nos 11 13, 17. 411 flied herewltl
entitled I.umber Code Authority Bullerin, Volii
II. Numbers 3 to 47 Inclusive ieacept Nos. 13 il
Il. 43', and hereby made a part hereof, and'
hereby' further determine that the rules and regi
latlons therein contained are reasonable and ne
sary to the equitable application of said reasosais
costs, and do hereby further determine that sa
reasonable costs for the respective grades aa
Items of any species are in reasonable proportion
to the market prices of said grades and Items d
log a representative period, and do hereby furtt
determine that said reasonable costs Inelude I
reasonable costs of all items or classlfeatonas
lumber and timber products which are customarlg
sold or offered for sale In competition with e
another; that said rules and regulations mat
provision for equitable differentials for product
below accepted standards of quality, such as thl
products of some small mills, and for the equltlab
application of said reasonable costs and that Sal
reasonable coats have bepn determined with d"
regard to the maintenance of free competiti
among species, dIvIlson' and subdivisions and wif
the products of other Industries and other soan
tries: and
IDo hereby order that subject to my dlrectl'
such determination of reasonable costs and ral
and regulations for the application thereof,
announced forthwith to persons subject to
jurisdiction of said Code. effective four days i4
the date hereof, subject, however, to suspenit
or modification on good cause shown by any
terested parties within fifteen (15) days after.
effective date hereof, and do hereby direct the.;
search and Planning Division to immediately fi
full study of the operation of the reasonable ,S
and rules and regulations hereby approved by t
and to advise the Administrator with respect t tb
from time to time as the results of such-.
and'"as condltilons and experience may indie
be necessary under the terms of- this Order a"
said Code: and
-Do hereby autherize the Division Administra
upon recommendation of the Deputy Administre
and the Research and Planning Division. but wl
out limitation upon the p-:wers reserved to'
Administrator by Article IX, Section (a), Sobst-
tion (4) of said Code:
(1) To determine and establish the reasionallt
cost of such unlisted Items of lumber and tinmeri
products as are necessary to effectuate the purposi,
of this Order: "
(S) To determine and establish such revtsioms
in the reasonable costs set forth In said Exhlblbi
marked "1" to "45" inclusive except Nos I1
13. 17. 411, as are necessary to bring about proper.
coordination. if he shall find that such bprae,
coordination doi-s not exist with respect to Wi
reasonable cost hereby determined by me: prorlid
that In the event that such coordination resaill
In n reasonable cost for any Item or classiflrcatl
of lumber or timber products In excess of ti.t
set forth In said Exhibitrs, the Deputy AdminlBtrn,
tor shall first obtain the approval of the Researd
and Planning Division of the Nati.,-nal RecaetvI
AdmInisrrstion; K,
(3) To rrant such exceptions and esemptiSnbi
are necessary to meet special, accidental or e.traisb'
diary circumstances peculiar to a limited grtil
of operations:
(4) To make such corrections of typogrnphlcal';
other errors as be may determine to be necessary
(51 To determine and establish such utliEt,
destinations as are omitted from the rules a9i
regulations set forth in said Exhibits marked ".16
to "45 Inclusive (except Nos. 11, 13, 17. I;
hereby approved by me and as are necessary to
effectuate the purposes of this Order, and -'
(6) To make such corrections and revlions 0'
the solid rules and regulations as are necessary" t
accomplish the purposes of this Order. and "
Do hereby authorize the Code Autborit-,for hl
Lumber and Timber Products. Industries to'appoiw
an Impartial and disinterested agent or agendSi
In any division or subdivision, which ngent.,4
agencies shall be authorized to grant to pers"i
sublei't ro the jurisdiction of this Code wt1
their respective divisions or subdivisions. ride
(Ions In the rea-sonable costs hereby approvedlii
me to provide differentials for substandard, deteli
rated or broken stocks, or differentianls nec-essary
obtain the equitable application of said reasonsb!
costs, provided that such reductions shall naolt
ceed the maximum differentials set forth In EhIbI
marked "1" to "45" Inclusive (except Nos.
13,-17, 411. flied herewith, entitled Lumber C
Authority Bulletin. Volume II, Numbers 8 to:.1
Inclusive except Nos. 13, 15. 10. 43), and be"t)
made a part hereof, provided further, that ir
granting or denial of such reductions by So
agent or agencies shall be subject to reveW
the Code Authority for the Lumber and TlalB
Products Industries. and provided furtbper,..i
such reductions shall be Immediately filed witi'M,
shall be subject to disapproval by the Ai*1
Do hereby further order that no person safi)
to the Jurisdiction of said Code- shall sell or0"-
to sell or otherwise dispose of any product of
Industries for which reasonable costs and r"
and regulations for the application theoreOf.]
hereby determined by me at a price less than-jl,
reasonable cost so determined, or otherwise t1U1A
accordance with such rules and regulations, subSj
however, to such revlslons thereof as duragI
period of the emergency 1, by my further 0.
may direct. .'
Adminisftrator lor Juduatfrial RevOltS
Approval recommended : ":i
BABnTON W. Moany,..*":a
Division Administrator, '3
Washington, D.C., :*3
Jeify is, as'i. S