The New York herald ( February 4, 1855 )

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The New York herald
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James Gordon Bennett ( New York N.Y. )
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THE


NEW


Y O R K


HERALD


WHOLE NO. 6736.


SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 4, L855.


PRICE TWO CENTS.


AFFAIRS IN THE METROPOLIS.


MASS MEETING OF WORKXNGXEN.


PRESIDENT PIERCE EULOGIZED.

'Organization ofWorkingmen Through-

out the Union.


landlords and Savings Banks Denounced.,

A Woman Burned to. Death.


LAUNCH OF THE FRIGATE SABINE.


EVENTS OF THE DATY)
t0., SO, OK.

Quite a large meeting assembled last night, at Me-
4ohanics' Hall, in response to the following noteis:-
WouriNotei'a Miass MllTr'a.-Thie evening, at eight
o'clock, at Mechanic's Hall, No. 160 Hester street, by
order of the Hope Chapel and Conference Committees-
K Arthur Bailey Chairman Hope Chapel Committee;
.Ben. Price and Antoine Ruckel, Secretaries.
IRA R DAVIS, Chairman Conference Committee.
J. M"te sB, 1^.
C, ,DI SIenER, )-Secretaries.
At 8 o'clock the meeting, which was composed about
-equally of Germans ana Americans, was called to order
S by IRa B. DAvvS, who nominated K. Arthur Balley as
Chairman of the meeting. This was carried. Messrs.
Antoine Ruckel and Pen Price were then appointed Vice-
Presideal, and Danvd Marsh and Wm, Arbuthnot, Seare-
taries.
Mr. BsE. PnIcE then read the following memorial to
the LegulaLture -
TO TRWS O. L% MmLATrR OF THE r TATE OF NEW YORK.
Gia-Tria : Most of you are probably aware that at
the pre.enut time the business operations of this city are
_curtailue to an eaten' that Las reduced the wormaing
classes to a state of dest mtlon and misery, such a h ba
never before been wit ersed in this country.
A meeting was held in Hope Chapel on the evening of
december 29, 1854 to inquire into the C-nuse o1 tIbe pro
sent lunaslrous collapse of the business operations of our
city an.i ts devise means to prevent the recurreoce of
Sairflir cataistiophe in Intutre. Alter a full ani free
sdiscusis,, of different plans proposed for the relief ofithe
producing classes, a preamols and resilutioun were
unSUilmoualy adopted. from wocb we onuow mnie a few
-extretA, audio which .e invite your serious attention
"Wherea athe onDdition ot tie working clai.e- s pre
eminen"y attributable to unwise leg slishtion, Iaoring
the traffic in the monopoly of the lands end other cap, -
ll belonguaing to the people, and ILS accumulationi hi tae
hands of alew fortunate suecnlatori, therefore.
"Refolved, Thatscommittee uf dyeperson, hba *ppoint-
ed, whboe duty it shall be to draw up thr.-e memariaL. I,.
be addressed as folloe:-One to the begieaia ore of the
State ot New York. praying that the public lands of this
Bsate b given to the actual setiler, in limited qaant,..
tiesa; tliat the further sale oi them, es'ept tn actual set.
tiers, be prohibited, and that the quantimty of Ian that
any person may hereafter acquire in any manner, sltah
ie hmntv-4."
Ion accordance with said resolution, thlie underaguel
"wert ppoainled committee it draw up end pr.sent to
your bonucable body a memorial on the subject nmatir
thereat t forth.
Itke pubi lands held in trust by the Legildatute. are
the common property of the people com osini lthe Mast,
and it is your duty arid province to ume s 8u,-a di.puii
Scion of them as will most conluce to the prosperity an.
lhappiness of the people, whose reircsienatiUve you himae
The nor to be at the present time.
We believe that to reserve these itdd fcr tlh. free an i
exclusive use or the actual settler, hn limited q aatitica.
isthe best disposition that can be maJe of thbeoi, w.t'i
tie rvw of promoting sanJ increasing the prosper;iy,
happiness and wealth of the people.
uchl a course of policy would encourage agriculture-
a. branch of industry which has bern too much neglected f
by our Stes and national Legislatures. and toutl tseal
to dzaw oIl from our large cities an immense number o'
anemelojed laboring men, who have the physical caps
oily of producing, by the cultivation of toe soil, amply
sufficient to maintain themselves and families, and leave
a large surplus to be added to'the general wealth of the
State.
We hold that, in a country like oncure, possessing su-eh
A vast extent of territory, there need not of us- easity
te any Ixrge clasa of persons sOffering for thne neceeisries
andcomn is of life; ani the fact Lha1t lise are suuch, I
-conciudnbe avdeace iihat our legiltatlon has been
.jawee ain some particular, and ai your me
taorialists bfhere, particularly in the dm.Fosito
',of ien public domain, wihj:b we vew as a comm.mu in
'heritance, to be disposed o' in such a manner as sill bI
maost b-tleecial to the great mass of the people
Our lorefathere proclaimed "that all men are entitled
to certain inalienable rights' that among these are life,
liberty, aun tne pursult of happines_." in the view of
the underigued, if men have the nrghl to life, tueat right
involves the mean of sast' sing life by Lhb laboc of
their hands, their heads, or both combined No also or
number of men can sastan life without beoai in poea-
seesiun of land, except by the permission of some other
person, who more fortunately does possess a portion 0of
the so. Let as illustrate this assertion by a plain and
simple proposition.
It is well known to most of your bhonorable
body that of the 1700,000 inhabitants of tbis city,
but a very amaUll portion ono the dwellings in which
they reside, but are obliged to procure shelter by rent
jng the premises they o.:Lcupy from the owners thereof,
Spupon such termna as the parties mu i ajly agree upoo. Now
the parties owning thee swellings are not obhlii.
to rent them, if they do not choose to do. but have a
pedect right, legally, IO close their buildings, andl refuse
10 rent them to any person on any terms whatsoever.
0iuppoae Ihat all the pro erLy owners of this city shoulni
adopt such a course on the ensuing drat of May, anI
tarn out of house and home a tenantry of ai hundred
thousand people, none of- whom have a piece of land
which they have a right, bga.t, to claim ad their own-
no place on which to obtain e. means of life-and con-
siequently, practically, no right to life itself The same
result would transpire in the country tom and agrdcul.
Starui districts, rr e the owners f property in tho,,sec.
tions to purane a similar course. In answer to these
propubositions, it may be said that such a late of things
can never occur, ineamuch as the owners of property
would thereby be minflicting an injury upon themselves
to such an extent aa to preclude hie idea of their pur-
ang such a core. tWe grant that Lbhiis true
but it only proves that the L nodles p)rt-on
of the community live only by the suflerance and per
mission of those who monopoulel and possess the soil.
and not as a matter of right. Hence oae conten-t that
when the lands are cenoentrated in tihe hands of the
few, the great masses of the peopleare completely at the
mercy of. and are by necessity compelled to pay them
tribute in the shape of rent-a staie or1 society which
places the tenanty in Lthe position ol Boris, anl the
owners of the sol in that of lords-and hence originated
the term landlords, ihich is now generally applied to
those who relnt tarms ann lots to Lenoanrti. No people
can oaxercise freedom 1n tbmhght and action to any ex.-
tent whose whole time anil energies are required to pro-
cure the necessaries of life. as is now the case in mtus
city asod State wiln the great majority of our citi
seas-one-third of their earnings being required
to pay the landlord for a dwelling to shelter them
from the inclemenocies of the weather-the edect
of which tends to paralyze rather than stimulate
lo actire exertions the protacing classes He
only is truly a free man who is the owuer and pro-
prietor of the soil On which he resides, and cp,. in the
language oftboeanceut prophet, "sli beneath hias own
vine and fig tree, with none to molest or make him
afraid." Wewonld, therefore, prienttoyour-honora-
bis body, for your consideration, the following
moRiAl.
The ondersigned, on behalf of the asemployed work-"
inagmen of the city of New York, respectlunhy ask the'
Slate Legislature to enact laws In accordance wish the
following principle.s -
1. That the further sales of the public Ianla of this
State shall be prohibited, and that they be Iaid out in
farms and lots for the ree and eacluseve use of actual
aettlets.
2. lo limit the quantity of land that any person shill
herealter acquire In tbhi State.
All of which is resperctflly submittal.
Wm. Arbuthnol, Ben. Pri.;e.
Ira B. Davis, RobertGrant,
'R. A. Bailey, John CommerforJ.
-William Rowe.
"The foregoing was, on motion, put by. the Chair to the
ineetlng, and unanimously adopted.
bshe riepot of the committee appointed so present the
memorial of the meeting held at Hope Chapel, wasmade
by-their chairman, Mr. CommerforJ. He stated that he
liad an interview with the President, who expressed his
wfllingnvss to do every thing that he 'could for she
workgogmen, within the limits of the constitution. The
memorial had been preinted to the Bouse of Reprasen
halvess by Mr. Cutting, and to the Senate by Guy. 3ea.
ard. That presented m the former was referred to the
'Committee on Agriculture, while tmat presented in the
Senate was given over to the Committee on Lands. All
tee members of Congress witb whom Mr. C. conversed,
expressed Ihemselves In lavor of the Homestead bill,
and were willing lo do all in their poser to procure its
*enactment.


This report was also adopted, after which the follow-
ing resolutions were presented by Mr Benaimin Price.-
Resolved, That the thanks of this meeting be hereby
given to Hls Excellnpacy. the President ol the Unitledl
buatrs, for the prompt and kind Interviu ertsln-led to
-1o the committee siappointed at the greal mnaq meeting,
beld In the Park on the ilth January, tI memnrlallioCon.
grsain relation lo the distribution nf the ipubli in.lds.
Allo Tor the expression of his willingness to listen to any


practical and constitutional measures for the relief 01
the great .-rling masse, of our crountri.
Resolved, That the conduct of tbhe Hon. William H
Feward, in presenting the memorial of unemployed work-
ingmen from this city to the Senate, eu'.itlee him to the
esteem of his fellow citizens. L nlilke too many who take
upon themselves the great responsibility of representa-
tives, his disposition to discharge this great duty be.-
comingly impel- him to eep that the interest and welfare
of all shall be like protected.
resolved, That tals meeting is daily sensible of the
favor extended tothe workingmen of this city by the
Hon Francis B. Cutting. The courteous and manly mn-.
ncr evinced -by.takini upon himself the presentation of
the memorial adopted at the Park, is another manifest.
tion where the representative is ennobled by dis-
charging the attributes which always characterize the
conduct ef the true gentleman.
Besolved, that we recognize in the Hen. John L. Daw-
SOn, of Pennsylvenla, a true and energetic friend of the
Homestead bill, and that we have full cond dence in his
ability and determination to bring this measure again
before Congress In such a shape as to secure its passage
at the present session.
Besolved. that we hereby return our mnit hu-rtfelt
thanks to the friends of the Homestead bill ita the .eosls
and House of Bepresentatlves. Believing as we do, that
these men are infiucunced by the highest and best motives
of phllantropby and patriotism, we shall continue to
hope that a kind providence may ensure to them that
reward which such services merit. In asking this bless.
uing for them and their families, we feel that such offer-
ing will be accepted, tde more especially as thba prayer
springs from the hearts of those who have nothing to
bestow but that which can be ovoed i frem Him who is
the great dispenser of all true happiness. ,
The foregoing resolutions were also unanimously
adopted. The Committee on Organization presented
the following report through their chairman, Mr. Ira B..
Davis:-
STITRM OF ORGANIZATION OF THI S tFR DS OF NA-
TIONAL INDUSTRY.
Iittention.-To secure the whole rights of the indi-
vidual.
TheOV of C0 1anses dn Effects.--Whoreas, in the early
history of men and nations, certain systems ot govern-
ment and finance, adapted to the wants of the inhabi-
tants, were instituted, which in the further oxisience of
the people were periodically required to be changed, in
conformity with the physical and intellectual progress
of mankind; so we see, in the present centralization of
the land and the currency of the United States in the
hands of a few capitalists, evidence of an Inherent de.-
feet in our land and monetary systems, developed to an
imposing evil, which has already coerced and plundered
the active industry of our country to a degree of un-
paralleled degradation and misery; and which bids fair,
it unchecked, to tyrannize with more than monarohial
power over the future destinies of our nation. We,
therefore, propose the following means for remedying
these great aneO growing evils.
ProporlsJfoRcmedy.-lst. Bylthe enactment of laws
by Congress, prohibiting all further traffic in the public
domain, and distributing the same in limited quantities
[or the use of actual settlers only.
2d. The enactment of laws by the several States, limi-
ting the quantity of lafdl that any person shall here-
after acquire.
To accomplish the adoption of thee fundamental prin-
ciples, we propose the following system of organlaatiou
and concert of action -
Systemt of Organization.-lst. This association shall be
represented by a central committee, primarily located
in New York, having collateral committees, which will
he instituted in each city, town and village, throughout
the United States-these committees being originally
elected by public meetings and subsequently by ballot,
through a majority of the enrolled members of each asso-
ciation.
2d The central committee in New York shall be the
executive committee of the whole organization, subject
to confirmation or removal every three mouths, by e ma-
jority of the votes of the members of the local collateral
association In New York. or until a majority of the votes
of the whole association shall decide otherwise. The
central committee shall consist of the different assonia-
tions of New York, now instituted, who shall continue
in office until the organization Is complete.
Sd The collateral committees (or associations) shall
make report to the central committees everyO three
months, the number of members, and such other infor-
mation of interest to the organization.
To every member a copy of the rules of the associa-
tion shall be delivered, with a card of membership, for
which the sum of five cents must be paid.
4th. Every local association shall appoint a captain
and lieutenant, whose duty it shall be to appoint ear-
resant iner cr-ry ten embebera. Wheu a general meet-
iog is desircI.t it shall be- tle iuty ofl the Fe'r--Lary rf
tbe apoocial,, n i notli'iy [ie cadptin an- lidutenant;
theme again Ial' notily the srge&anti, who again tnall
nolify the meushierd of his ssct;on
Purposes f the Arsocaitonvm It in the intention of this
association 10 agitmiete thn I nJ andl currency rirorm, by
local li turrcs aitributiuii paniphl-lti, calingea to con
iroversy, ptjambulitng ] i ure., .e ani the el-.:tiou
to office of only b acLh pj.r-nd as enjorse thlS piltiorm.
and subaerrib to this orgaui.tllou. In furtltrinre of
this view, it shall also be the idttv of the centiril orom
ruitlee in New YVoik t. hivs> a pincliril con.lensef world.
on political economy printed Inr geuerual >liLriiulion at
ret. ttgfber aith such other esnprsir important tree-
tises on the land. currency, and oilier qinetions aq may
be deemed adilvi'sabl. Each s n i-u-on 'iihell pay to the
central committee the sum of one and a half cents per
week for each member, which shall be transmitted oy
each collateral association to the central committee as
often as once in three months.
At the termination of every quarter the Secretary of
the Central Committee shall hkewiletrausm't a printed
monograph of the entire state of the organization, both
financial end practical, to each collateral branch there-
of. Should it be deemed expedieont to alter or amend
the rulesof this organization the Central Committee
shall digest such plans as may obe proposed, and notify
the collateral association of that deemed, most efficient
if the majority return ,mn assenot. The Central Committee
shall then notify the entire organizatIon that the impro-
ved rules are adopted. Such local committee may de-
vise such subsidiary rules as they shall deem expedient;
Sand any local reform measure which any association
may desire, running parallel with the general move-
ment, shall be supported in every available manner by
t he entire association
Thereport was read in German, for the information-of
that portion of the audience who did not understand the
English language.
Mr. rvi spoke in fa vor of the report. He said that a
large number of persons throughout the country had
expressed themselves strongly in favor of the projected
organization of an association like that proposed in it.
As, however, there would ncussarll? be some difference
in ibthe societies in various icahliLes. here must be a dif-
ferenco also in the orgaulai ,on aso -u to cover the peou-
Ilar gilevasce In those Irlcahti:e-. This report was
merely preliminary, anJ th- plan pzopriaed in it would
bave to unpd-rgo nome m'diilcations before it would be
advisable to adopt it Tflie organization, however,
should bec.mpleted before the next election, so that
those officials, and particularly the Common Council,
who had treated their petitions with contempt or indif-
ference, would be made to feel that the working classes
were not to be trifled with when they demanded that their
interests should he consulted. To effect this desirable ob-
ject the workingmen, without distinction of creed,country
or political opinions, should unite,shoiuld fraternize in one
pandf organization. Policy dictated this course- for as
long as they remained disunited so long would they be
made the tools of party and the sport of politicians. If
they refused to do this they deserved to suffer the con-
sequences. The speaker concluded by exhorting them
to unite, as the only means by which they could gain
Ihbe rights Ior which they had struggled so long. He
hoped that before the lat of March next the association
sould number at least 35,000 members.
At the conclusion of his remarks, which were fre-
quently applauded, the report was adopted.
Mr. BAlm, the President, next addressed the meeting.
He recommended the workingmen to abandon all their
political predilections and prejudices, as the best means
by which their organization could be zencered effective.
They had too long allowed themes.ve to be imposed
upon by politicians, and it was time now that they
should band together for their own interests. In this
; country particularly, the working classes being in the
majority, should not permit their Interests to be neglect-
*ed, while the moneyed classes enjoyed all the
* benefits and privileges of government. All par-
ues should be regarded alice by them, for they
all need then for their own purposes, and whenthey had
, used they flung them aside. Mr. B. spoke of the extor-
tions of landlords as one of the grievances under which
the workingmen labored, and said that the only way in
whiph they could be redressed was by union among them
as recommended in the report. All the injustice which
they suffered at the hands of the rich was authorized
under the form of law, because their legislators regard-
ed money and capital as superior to human rights.
Mr. CoMscaaromn spoke in favor of land reform and on
the question of the currency. He said that the bankers.
of the country had robbed the people of fifteen hundred
millions, and that corporations were organized under
the sanction and authority of law to continue that sys-
tem of plunder. The instruments of the law he regarded
i as the protectors of fraud and deception. There are
eight thousand lawyers in the State of New york alone,
who make a living upon the public in con-
sequence of the defects which existed in our laws rela-
ting to banks and currency. He regarded the whole
system of banking atpresent In operation as prejualcial
to the best interests of the working classes, ana expressed
the oplnionthat savings banks, which he called shav-
inge banks," were simply established fy the rich for
theIr own benefit. While In Washington he saw onoof
the eandtiaes for the next Presidency-a Know Noth-.
ing candidate too-who was engaged in extensive bank-
ing transactions, and who was actually employed at tbat
time In the establishment of "Faro Banks."
A VoidC-Who is he ?
ANOTHSRVoIc--George Law.
Mn. ConiFoR--WelI you have heard a greet deal
about the majesty of ",Law," and I need say nothing
further about it. (Laughter, and applause.) Mr. C.
next took up the subject of the tariff, and concluded by
calling upon the working men to unite without regard to


party.
Mr. Hssma addressed the meeting in German, soon
after which It adjourned.
City Intelligence.
D D ITIDIpiSAaBREPORT FOe JaDnslTV, 165b.-Whole
number of patients treated 1.057. New patients 1,6,76.
Atthedspensary,'1,178, at their dwelhng, 397; males.
652; females, 932; nativity, United States, 49d; Ireland.
1,027; other countries, 72. Result, sent to the hospital
8; died, 18; remaining under treatment, 8" preacripttioa-
dispensed during the month, 2,94.


Luniirh otf tie Units'd Siaifs Frialtne Molilne
from c ie BrooklJyit Navy T ard.
An immense concourse of people were collrlei1 yersr-
day morning in the Navy Yard, Brooklyn, to witness the
launch of thb r'nited Stil% trgale S abln. The people
bogan to aPCemiblS about unp o'clock A. U and at half-
past ten o'clock (high water) there were probably from
ten to fifteen thousand persons present. The morning
was cold, but clear and Invigorating, andevery available
spot, where a sight of the launch could be obtained, was
thronged with spectators. A large number of ladies were
present collected principally on the quarter deck of the
receiving ship North Carolina, where a band was execnt
lug some lively airs, to the performers discomfort, no
doubt, on such a cold morning. Daring the lengthened
time they were waiting for the sight, the people dis
played a remarkable patience. Shivering forms might
be seen buttoning their coats and turning up their
collars with a settled determination on their faces to ease
it out. Others, who bad clamberesI up the fiagstaffa to
obtain a better view, held on, though tie wind
was piercing, by the skin of their teeth for a mor-
tal hour, and would not give in. About ton o'clock
the steam tog made her appearance, and this inci-
dent, in the opinion of some, was a signal that the
launch was about to take place But the steamintug
quietly lay to off tho wharf, and the popular fxeitcmint
fell at least thirty degrees. Presently a tremendous
hammering was heard. "Knocking away the props,"
suggested a wiseacre with chattering teeth. "She'll go
now," hinted another, looking perfectly blue. But go
she didn't, though It was unanimously voted that she
ought. And so another half hour elapsed, when the re-
port of a gun from the starboard side of the North Caro-
lina warmed up once more the expectations of the
people. One man, more collected than his neighbors,
and a wag in his way, shouted immediately "She's off"
A rush was made to the edge of the quays-boys dashed
in between the legs of tall men, and scrambled on all
fours to get a sight of the ship. But she didn't go off
for full ten minutes even then, and when that critical
event did take place, there was a general exclamation of
relief-like that of a patient after lil tooth has been
extracted. "There she goes at last." "HoorayI!"
(Cheers from the Sabine, vigorously responded to by the
excited multitude on every side.)
Well, the ship was off at last. It Was no false alarm
now. In the poetical phraseology used on such occa-
sions, she was at length "in her native element," after
having been thirty-one years trying to get there. Itwas
really a successful and highly satisfactory launch.
Bushing down the slide, as though delighted to escape
from the old stocks, she plunged deep into the water,
and rose with a buoyancy that brought another cheer
from the spectators and a grand salute from the North
Carolina. The Sabine had the American flag floating
from her bow, and the vessels in the vicinity were gaily
decorated in her honor. The impetus she received in her
descent from the stocks, Impelled her t aistauce of many
hundred yards into the stream, and the steamtug being
in readiness, she was subsequently towed to the naval
dock, where the now lies.
Some historical notice of the Sabine will not be unin-
teresting at the present time. She was commenced on
the 12th of February, 1823, put nto frame, and about two-
thirds completed, when all work was suspended until
the anticipated difficulty with France-arising out
of claims on that government for injuries done to our
commerce. This was during the second term of Jack-
son's administration. The work was then recom.
minced, but only lasted during three weeks, and
nothing further was done until the 15th of Mlay,
1854, when orders were received from the Navy de-
partment to complete and launch the vessel. Owing
to the length of time she had remained on the stocks,
she was of course found defective in many particulars.
Ste bad, in fact, to be almost entirely remodelled. Her
keel was teiiorE and a De n o substaituted Fw4oty
feat were aided to her length, by cuttiUng off twenty-five,
sLd adding frly.fBve feet Her bow was albo altered and
modernized, and other improvements made under the
direction and superintendence of F. B. Delano, Esq., the
naval constructor. Her frame is altogether of live oak.
The dimensions ofthe Sabine are now as follows:-
Length in all, 206 feet; length of keel, 180 feet; breadth
o I tamrn, 47 feit, depth of hold, 29 feet, and tonnage
2,048, government measure. Her armament will consist
of ten 8-inch shell guns of 63 cwt, and twenty 32-
pounders of 67 cwt., on her main deck, an of two
8-inch eliot pivot guns of 12,000 Ilbs. each, and sixteen
32 pounders of 33 cwt. on her spar dock-making alto-
gether batteries containing forty.eight guns. The crew
of the Sabine, when In commission, including officers,
seamen, landsmen, boys and marines, will number 475
al told. From the improvement in the model and from
the weight of the metal which the department has de-
cided she shall carry, the Sabice will doubtless prove
one of the most efficient vessels of her sire and class.

The Empire City Atfnlir.
STATEtENT OF YOUNG HEBRNANDEZ.
On Thursday last the Spsanish Gon4ul aadMr. Carno-
beli called at the Clavirack iuntitule. Mr. Carnobeli
handed me a letter from my father, desiring me to come
to Cuba. I read the letter, and then told him I did not
wish to go home.- The Spanish Consul then said that I
must go to Cuba, and if I did not go immediately I would
be thrown into prison if I ever went there aterwards.
I then told them that I would give ILem no answer until
I saw myuncle, Joseph Elias Hernande?, who resides at
No. 91 President street, Brooklyn, They said that I could
not see my uncle, and I then told them that I would not
go toCuba without first having an interview with him.
The Spanish Consul then said if I could come to New
York with them they would let me see my uncle. I then
agreed to come to New York, and arrived here about ten
o'clock on the samenight. When I got here they refused,
on my asking them, to let me go to my uncle alone or with
them. I then went with Mr. Carnobeli to the boarding
house No. 164 Chambers street, where I slept that night.
The next morning (Friday), when I arose from bed, I
again begged them to let me see my uncle, but I was re-
fused. That afternoon Mr. Carnobell took me on board
the steamship Empire City, for the purpose of taking me
to Cuba. When I got there I met my uncle, who asked
me if I wanted to go to Cuba. I answered in the nega-
tive, and said that Mr. Coinobell and the Consul had
forced me to go. My uncle said if I wanted to go home
he would al'ow me to do so; when I again replied that I
did notwant to go. There were about ten Cubans with
us at the time, and they all were witnesses to the con-
versation. The statement made by Mr. Carnobell that
my uncle had forced me to stay in the United States, is
not true. I was not prompted by him to stay here; it
was solely my own wish to remain. Refusing to go to
Cuba, I left the ship, and went home with my uncle to
Brooklyn, where I am now stopping. My uncle was in-
formed of Mr. Carnobell's actions by a telegraphic des-
patch sent to him by one of my friends at Claverack,
stating that I had been taken away from school against
my will and wish. FRANK E. HERNANDEZ.

Bread for the Poor of the Sixth Ward.
The executive committee for the distribution of bread
at lhe Mission House deem it important, in coming be-
*ore the public for further aid, to make the following
brief statement of their proceedings, and the present
demand for assistance in that locality.
During the month of January they have received in
donationsof cash $2,361 75; have expended $2,185 12;
have given Out about 40,000 loaves or bread, and have
recorded'in a bhok the names antd residences of 900 wor-
thy destitute and sufering families, who have received
family tickets for one, two or three loaves of bread per
day. The committee designed to render this aid during
the severe part of the winter, knowing the utter impos-
sibility to obtain employment; but the readers of this
will see from the above statement that we only have
means sufficient to continue the operation a few more
days. And we now ask the friends of suffering humanity
what shall bh done ? Will you help in this work Shall
these families be assisted, or alall they suffer with
hmungerh o
Most of them are long residents of our citr, and in
former times have been able to provide for their failies
without asking charity. It Is true that but a small por-
tion of the adults are Americans by .birth, but they are
with us, and how can we see them starve?
It has been, and still is our conviction, that there are
means and liberality sufficient to enable us to aceem*


push our purposel;and we now ask all those who are
able and willing to help in this work to send in their do-
nations to either of the undersigned, or to the Mission-
ary, 11ev. A. S. Lakin, (office in the Mission Hoets, on
the site of the Old Brewery):-
Wm. B. Skildmore, Chairmian, 1356 Hudson street: J. B.
Cornell, Treasurer, 141 Centre street- Leonard Kirby, 35
and 37 Vesey street; C. C. North, o nChambers street;
Francis Half, office of the Commescil, Pine, corner of
William street;- 0 D. McClaln, 167 Spring street; 8. G.
F m iihl. 10 East Twenty-third and 14 Fulton streets; Noah
1 I.tll, 268 Elttm street; R. A. Beading, 229 Front street;
t h lead, 13 and 15 Coentio n tlip.
S iw -%vot, Feb. 2, 1866.


Fire In Varlitc f Sres-.. Woman Burnt to
Death.
Between series BDn eight o'clock last evening a fire
e.a. dlSiowsisl in a frame tenement situated in the rear
of No. 1 e5 Vrle sliet, occupied by several poor fami-
lies The fle was iamt seen in the attic, occupied by
hire. Belden. ,4j* flames spread so rapidly that the in-
mate-. of the house became alarmed, and were running in
all d;rectior.s. endeavoring to save their articles of for
nitort lcinibg the excitement no one thought about
Mrs. Belden. who, lerrible to relate, wasi burnt to death.
The firemen were quickly at work, and eatinguishei bhe
fire before it extended beyond the attic and roof. The
body of the unfortunate woman was then extricated
-from her apartment. She was badly burned about the
legs and arms. The body was conveyed to the
Eighth ward station house. The can e of the fire,
according to the account given by the inmates of
the house, appears to have been the result of carelessness
on the part of Mrs. Belden. Unfortunately the poor
woman frequently became Intoxicated, and on last
evening she was seen to come home very much under
the influence of liquor, and go to her room, and soon
after the fire broke out in her apartment, supposed to
have been caused by her own carelessness. The deceased
was about forty years of age, and a widow. She had a
relation lost in the steamship Arctic, whose property she
became heir to, and in a few days she would have come
into possession of, about $1,000. She had resided at the
above premises for upwards of ten years past. The fol-
lowing are the names of the families who occupied the
other parts of the same house :-Mr. Milan, Mr. Stran-
bury, Mr. Ryan, Mr. McGuire, Mr. Molden, and Mr. Finn.
The premises are owned by Mr. Burke, of No. 33 St.
Mark't place. The damage done to tue building will
probably amount to $150 said to be covered by insu-
rance The poor families had a good many of their things
destroyed by breakage and water.

City Politics.
MOVEMsENTS OF Tni WiBEPlULLERS-THE FO LiTIOIANS
SIN HOT WATER.
The tuaslonlss, so called, held a meeting last Friday
evening in the Coal Hole in Tammany Hall, when they
determined that the great mass meeting, whith is to re-
unite the shattered fragments of the democratic party,
shall come off on the 7th of March next, immediately
' alter the adjournment of Congress. The Soet Committee,
which met on last Thursday evening in the same'place,
were considerably excited by a resolution which was in-
troduced condemning the Postmaster for the appoint-
ments he had made, and fortis not turning certain well
known whigs out of office. Some pretty severe language
was used, and at one time there were strong symptoms
of a fight. Although this committee is as yet but a
month old, It is already divided into two factions-one
hailing from the Custom House and tike other from the
Post Office. The latter clique has the support of a num-
her of outsiders, who are opposed to Custom House
dictation under the leadership of Cochrane, and at
every meeting the split becomes more evident.
The Hard General Committee, who met on the same
evening, were also in trouble. The resolutions which we
published In the HR.ALD of Friday were violently op-
posed, because they did net take ground against Know
Nothinglsm. It was also urged, that if a committee
was sent to Albany, as proposed, to infiuenre the hard
members of the Legislatdre'to vote for a can-ilsate of
their own, and enter into no combination with the op.
ponents of Seward, it would have the effect ofinsurivg
the election of that objectionable personage to the
Senate, and thereby materla'ly injuring the future for-
tunes of the nationals. Exception was also taken to
the omision, in the resolutions of the State Central
Committee, of the name of Greens C. Bronsoz, who was
given the cold shoulder, and Daniel S. Dickinson alone
mentioned in a complimentary manner. The resolu-
tions, however, after an exciting debate, passed, aend
the committee, headed by Horace F. Clark, are now in
Albany, canvassing Ihe I ;slature, to prreuvent any cosa-
lition between the lihrii an-.1 soils
The Whig Ioung Men, at their meeting on Friday
night, had a most exciting time, in consequence of a re-
solution being submitted, enclosing the claims of hew-
e.m to ilo t SlsulO.'lhip Vari.,,s eiforle were made to
stave on ncion on the reaolntion, but it Was at length
cartlriea. in lthie following siap-- -
Rewolved, Thai tie result of the late fraternal inter-
chanceori sntuni l aonog bthe whig members of the
Stale Legisslaure, rpre.iittng a candidate to be chose to
repre.Dl tihe Stdeto.f Now I oIk in the Unitel States
Senate, is in accordance with the preference of this
bod), and ibat "e haied i as n eti,-nce or the fidelity of
the whag parij to .1 tim.- lhiormi landmark, devotion to
freedom, humanity ud justice.
It was determined to publish the proceedings, which
was done against the wishes of many of the members
and alter a close fight as to which papers they should
appear in.
The following letter from one of the secretaries shows
that there is no little discontent among the young whigs
at the action of the committee:-
I regret to scee my name attached to the Seward reso-
lution passed last evening by the Young Men's Whig
General Committee. I am one of the secretaries. I was
absent, and I deny the right to make me appear as the
enCorser of any such resolution.
I should have opposed It, and by no means have sign-
ed it, or allowed my name to be attached to it, if I had
been present. Bespectfully
Feb. 3,1865. JACOB CHOLWELL, Ninth ward.
Polilee Intelligence.
OHARGE OP OBTAINING MONEY UNDER FALSE PRE-
TENOES.
Two Germans were arrested yesterday, charged with
having obtained $1,000 from Augustus A. Leverisch
and James 0. Leverisch under false pretences. It is al-
leged, on the part of the complainants, that they were
induced to purchase the stock, fixtures, and goodwill of
the grocery store corner of Third avenue and Eighteenth
street from the accused, for the sum in question, and
that, believing the represvnattions of the accused to he
true, they parted with their mon-y, It i% further al
1leged by the complainants that the repr-aentaliiu3 made
by the accused were nottiue. that the store did uo.lcsn
tab the lock iepeseanted previous to, and at the timeof
thepuri.hase. The accused l were brought beiore.lutie
Davisn. at the Second district police court, wlioj bell
them to bal each In the sum of fb00.
THE ALLEGED BOUS EXPRESS MAN. "
Complaints against the man Williams, whose arrest
we noticed a few days ago, are beginning to be quite'
frequent. Among the number is one from a Milwaukie
gentleman, who sends the following bill received, as Is
alleged from Williams, with the intent to obtain money
under false pretences. The original document was
printed, and afterwards filled in writing:-
LAW, GRiNlSELL & MINOTr,
'omwarding and Commission Merchants, South street,
New Yoik.-Ftout street, San Francisco, Cal.
J. G. LAw. T. W. GtsmNtx.L. W. H. MtOmr.
Nxw YORK, January 11,1865.
Sin.-We have received, per steamer North Star, a
package of goods, trunks, which have arrived in good
condition. Ih freight from San .Francisco amounts to
$4, on the receipt otl which it will be forwarded to direc-
tion or order punctually. Address (post paid),
$4. W.R. MINlO New York.
P. S.-Nones but bankable funds received in payment,
and such money sent at our risk.
TAKING IT COOL.
Some expert and impudent ball thief entered the house
of Mr. I. De Forrest, No. 141 Hudson street, on Friday
night last, and carried off two overcoats, one of which
contained the keys of Mr. De Forrest's store. No trace
of the thief or stolen property was received up to yester-
day morning, when the owner of the property was as-
tonished to find the following note, written iuan i legible
band, left at his residence :-" I return you those KRa,
as they are of no use to me. I am much pleased with
yoqr co0T, and thank you for them. "
CHARGED WITH RECEIVING STOLEN GOODS.
A man named James Dufiy was arrested by Officer
Barvey, charged with having neen the receiver of a pair
of India rubber shoes, stolen from Mr. John Bushes, of
128iHammond street, by two small boys, aged about
eight and nine years respectIvely. The accused was
taken before Justice Brennan, at the Jefferson Market
police court, wko held him to bail in-the sum of $500, to
answer.
Sunday Sihsvanwg.
Niw Yomc, Feb. 1, 1556.
TO THE EDIrolt OP THU HERAL.D.
I have just resd the article ,in the HURALD of today,
with reference tobundy's bill, in which he proposes to
shut up the barber shops on Sunday. I am astonished
that aly one connected with a paper that takes such
comprehensive views of matters and things' as the
HaA),' should have attributed this movement to mo-
rilly and piely in i-sr Stlte legislature '
lhe simple fact uisc the barbers themselves desire
such a bill, not fiom any religious scruples, but on an-
count of their own convenience and comfort. It Is a ese-


veine bsrdthip to have nO time to devote to relaxation of
body and mind. Many of them would willingly forego al
the advantages derived directly from Sunday shaving If
they could secure their full share of the trade on sli days
of the week-buit -bile any may keep open shop on that
'lay, such as do to would rreeive mote thau their due
eliate of the whole trade, unless all did it. You are pro-
verbialty a fair man. Let the barbers speak out through
your columns, or at least let them send to yon an an
swer tothe question-Are yon for r ogainit closing all
barber shops on Sunday? You can publish, simply, tha
number on aih side. lThe difficulty is, that unless all
close, those who close up lose what'those who keep open
gain. Ifcrne cau keep open all will be equally beneftteid
by having at least one day for recreation and rest
&AIOR.


Marine kfrah's.
U.-IawmnTED DAP'e TC.-The n'ew ship RockLliMht,
commanded by E. B. Drummond, sailed from Bath, Me,
for New Orleans, on the 2d of January; madsth.e run
out to New Orleans, loaded with about 6,500 bales cot.
ion and cleared seain for Liverpool, all in the short
space of thirty days. This we beliv has nevTer
beenequalled by any ship afloat. The Bock Liht was
built for the dew York and Li verpool trade bylmars.
Trulant, Drummond & Co of Balh. for TapIcot & Co.,
so4 will form one ofhlleir line of packets.


Preges of the Mtunleiipal Bevolnttan.
The war against the fortune tellers has just com-
meoced, and will hie carried o. until they are all driven
from the city, or compelled to abandon their peculiar
occupation. Hince the wrest of Madame Fleary, how.
ever, none other has been made, but the police are on
the alert. .
The following report in regard to the inspection of
weights and measures, was presented yesterday to the
Mayer by Mr. Wainwright, the Inspector, showing the
result of his operations since the 3d of January last:-
VALSB WllBtur aND MBASUWBES.
To Tm Bon. Fss.i.io Woos, MAY0o:-
DuAn mr-I take pleasure in laying before your Honor
a report or my Inspettimo of weakhts and measures for
the month of January, eemue g January 3, 1856. I
have Inspected 2,186 scales, varying from a spring scale
to a scale beam. of which 2,108 were correct, and 81 in-
correct; of weights 71010, of which 6.516 were correct,
and 794 were incorrert; of dry measures, 1,897, of which
817 were correct, and 1,050 were incorrect or unsealed;
of wet measures, 3,698, ofwhich 1,479 were correct, and
2,219 were incorrect or unsealed. Yours, respectfully,
THOSE O. WAINWRIGHT,
Inspector of Weighto and: Measures for the Second
district.
WHAT ThU PEOPMI BAT.
That the sidewalk opposite 200 Broome street bas
caved in since last Sunday evening, and is exceedingly
dangerous to travellers.
That the occupants of houses aloeg the alleyway be-
tween 83 and 86 liberty street are in the daily habit of
throwing firth and garbage in the street.
That spring street, between Hudson anit Clark, is con-
stantly encumbered withhold carts end wagons; so much
so that the stages of the Catherine ferry line are unable
to pass.
That the house 104 Third avenue is dangerous, and aI.
most untenantablo, oi taciount of the buttresses in the
rear falling, and the sewers and other parts of said house
being out of repair.
That Fifty.second street, between the Eleventh and
Twelfth avenues, is abandoned by the street contractor,
who was to have the same done in five months from the
2d of February, 1863; that the said contractor has only
worked on it when it pleased himself, and from present
appearances does not intend to do anything more with it.
'That Thirty.second street, between Broadway and
Fifth avenue, has not been cleaned for the last six
months, and is extremely filthy; and that the rubbish
before 34 and !0 in in the same street, has not been re-
moved.
That the sidewalk in front of No%. 9 and 11 Thirty.
second street, has not been. cleaned from snow this
winter.
That Frcnt street, from Wall street to Old slip, has
not been cleaned for two months past, and that the
mud is at present one foot 2. inches deep, with a fair
prospect of a further rise.
That Seventy-eighth street, between Third and Fifth
avenues, was ordered to be graded and regulated as
early as 1862, 'but no such grading ever took place till
alter it was advertised to be commenced, in July, 1863,
to be completed in one year from that time. About t wo
thirds of said street only are so graded, the remainder
being left in an unfinished condition, rendering the street
almost impassable to the occupants of premises in that
neighborhood.
Patiick Kinney, farmer's laborer, of New London, Ct.,
complains that his son, Patrick Kinney, Jr., a minor,
agtd 17 years in December last, enlisted in the United
States infantry, at a rendezvous. 50 Bowery, on or about
the 6th cay of January, 1856. He is now on Governor's
lland.
Mrs. Ann Ryan complains that she was arrested on
Thursday list bv a policeman, and taken to the York-
ville police station, on a charge of theft; that while
there some of the officers attempted to take improper
libtrties, and that she was detained till eleven o'clock
that niaht, although the charge against her was utterly
groundless and could not be proved.
A NOVEL COMPLAINT.
The following letter was sent to the Mayor's office.
We publish it as it was written, verbatim estlieratim:-
HoXonABLm. Sir-
i have to complain of andrew Hart agent to the proper-
ty of Mrs. Sh a tell, No 56 Roosevelt street not having a
lock or latch or knob to the front door can be opened at
any hourofthe night i have often Detected men and
women Lyirg there and DIsturbed me of me nights Rest
what we bave to Pav our Rent in advance.
Your otedient Servant JOHN DENNIS
Theatres and Exhibitions.
Miss J M. Davenport, the distinguished tragedienne,
arrived at the Irving House yesterday, front Richmoud,
Vs. She willsail in the eteauahip George Law to-mor-
row for Carliflornma, on a professional tour. Californiaus
are proverbially gallant; and as Miss Davenport is the
first actress of distinction that has visited the Golden
Land, we doubt not that her tour will be both profitable
and pleasant.
BsOADWXY ToxATRI--In consequence of ih'e immenus
success attendant upon the production of the splsnli.i
fairy operatic spectacle of, "Cinderella," and in order to
grahily the numerous applicants who have been nightly
disappointed in procuring seats, the management of this
theatre announce it for representation during the whole
of next week. The entertainments for to-morrow even-
ing comprise Cinderella "' and the farce of "As Like As
Two Peas. "
BOWERT TEATRa.--The joint benefit of Mr. G. C.
Charles and MissM. A. Charles will take place to-morrow
evening, which will also be the last of their appearance.
On this occasion they will appear in four of their most
popular pieces, namely : Ireland and America,'" "The
lish Know Nothing," "Our Sal," and '-Paddy Mile's
Boy. The benefit of Mrs. Dunn will come off on Wed-
neskay evening next.
BORToN's TmATim.-To-morrow evening Mrs. Anna
Cora Mowatt's new piece of" Fashion" will beprodused
for the first time at this theatre. The cast embraces all
the talent of this excellent company, and some new
Scenery has been painted by Hielge expressly for this
piece. Mr. Burton will personate the character of Adam
Trueman. "Family Jars" will also be performed.
WALLACK'S TuxATRE.-There will be no change in the
performance for to-morrow evening. Town and
Country" and "The Critic" are the pieces to be repro
sented. Mr Blake's benefit will take place on Tuesday
evening next, when "Fashion" and "The Last Man"
will be produced. Mr. Blake's merits as an actor are
very well known, and there is no doubt that the attend-
ance will be dense.
M 'WopoLTras OPERA House.-The Sunday concerts at
this theatre, under the management of Mr. Frank
Hughes, are becoming more and more successful, and
the .eiecihn fo(r this evening are ot a character calcu-
lated to attactl a crowded attendance. The excellent
baritone, the Count di Valancits, otherwise known as
Signor Betinardi, will make his first appearance at these
concerts tlb evening. Mademoiselle Camille Urso will
also perform a new solo on the violin, by Vieuxtemps.
CiCtus, MCirtoPoLrr.AN THATRE.-A very attractive
programme is announced for to-morrow evening, com-
prising a variety of equestrian feats and gymnastic ex-
ercsess
AiniCcAy Musuir.-"Ambrose Owinett" will be per-
formed in the afternoon, and in the evening Mr. J. R.
Scott will appear as Ugolino, and William, in "Black
Evfd Susan."
"WooD's MINsTRxis.-The burlesque of "Black Blun-
ders" will be played to morrow evening.
BuciLr'as SxitNAnxias.-'*Luoy of Lammermoor" and
a superior Ethiopian entertainment will be given* to-
morrow evening.
DoNALDSO'a OsmA Hous .L-A good bill is announced
for to morrow evening.
AN AMEBICAN PRIMA BONNA.
(Correspondence of lhe Newark Advertiser.]
MiLAx, Jan. 7.,1855.
Fortunately we reached this place just in time to
share in the honors of a young American prima tdonan,
who made her debut on the evening of our arrival, at
La Scala. We learned through the conversation at the
dinner table that all the world was going to the theatre
to witness the first essay of an American candIdateftr
operatic honors, who had adventurously come to Milan
to submit hfer qualities to the highest tribunalin Eu-
rope, without even having once terpted approbation In
inferior spheres. There was something of promise in
the very audacity. Of course we secured seats at an
early hour
The opera was "Linda." On her first appearance the
audience was conciliated by a carmingl person, an
kindly meetings assured her of a fair hesrig. The pre-
posseesson was evidently confirmed by the first act, at
the end of which there were clear indications of exefted
expectations, which, In the progress of the piece, were
abundantly realized. Her success was complete. After
the second ct she was called out on every performance
and at the coise of the scene received all the honors due
to a successful debutante.
Naturally sympathzing in the first.fush of such sue-
cees in "the mideof the old world, we paid our respeota
tothe young lady the next morning, and found her as
worthy of private regard as of public applauSe. She Is the
denghter of Mr. Conrad Hensler, of Boston, and came
to Europe some two or three years sines by the advice
of some of the first citizens of the American Athens,
accompanied by her father, himself a Swiss by birth, to
qualify herself by study under proper masters for the
Opera. Miss H. Is oniy 18, and she preserves In the minst
of the most flatterering attentions of the best society
in Milan, the quiet simplicity and unaffected manners
which are among the most attractIve grass of her sex.
Her voice is a soprano of the richest tone.
La Scala is doubtless the most renowned theatre In
Europe, and, after San Carlos at Nepls, is the largest
in Italy., Ith as aceommodation for over 4,000 persons,
and las the merit of being perfetly 'resonant. notith-
standingIts imtensilty. This advantage Is chiefy owing
to the form of the roof, a cesver eonstrnctlon by a res-
toerogood architecture in Lombardy during the iat
century. *Each loge, or box, has a small room connected
with it, where the occupants receive their guests and
take refreshnnts during the Intervals of the play. The
boxes are generally private property. The practice or
receiving vIstls ia universal in Italy; every lady Isa
queen in her box.


eminently successful. For a quarter of a century Dr.
and Mrs. Bill have devoted all their energies to this
work. Hundreds and hundreds of children have been
educated under their auspices-not only children tnoo
poor topay for the means of education, but children of
Le highest and wealthiest families in Grease, as well as
In the greek and Ionian Islands. Who ean eStimate the
silent, unseen good that may yet be premoted by these
children? Bees of truth have been implanted In their
ominlds, which, it Is to be hoped; will aspratng up and bete
abundant fruit.


Arrival aof UW tasIlAgip UnIon,
le slesimship Lnion, 'Capt. Adanm, arrived last night.
Sbe l.ft Hasre on the 174h ult and Sonthamptoe on the
18th. She biages no laler news, the advices by the
Ar ma being aio the fith.
The following is a list of the
PA&POEBSNE8 BY THr UNTO1f.
Blhtor Sanelrer, Mis M T Feranndes. Mr Considesr a&
liay. Made Vigerous. Mr OsDtavru Pappel and Mister
AUte. Hanimbrger. Miss Snphi' HRainette. Ihisi Cleanta.
His-J Co.r,.st. laser Daive. Mr Vn Caniai and lady.
Madames e Beard. MrS Geolir. Mr Ganmon Mr Mos
Mr neelblorn. Gemroil Visniii and P laaair, A Williams.
Charleis rasnery. Mr Perrel.

EeIlgtou anteUsgenee.
SERMONS.
cvy. Joseph B. Wakely, D. D., will deliver the four-
teenth discourse before the Young Peole's Chrmutman As-
sociation of Calvary Baptist Church, Twenty-third street,
near Fifth avenue, this evening, at Iy o'clock.
The first of a series of sermons will be delivered this
evening, in St. Stephen's Church, corner of Broome and
Chryslie streets. by the Right Rev. Horatio Potter, Pro-
visional Bishop of New York. Services to commence at
half.post seven o'clock.
Rev. .S. Storrs, Jr., D.D., of Brooklyn, will deliver th.
seventeenth discourse before the Young Men's Associa-
tionof the South Dutch. Church, Fifth avenue,Lcorneor of
Twenty-first street, this Sabbath evening, at half-part
seven o'clock. .
Bev. M. S. Hutton, D. D., will deliver the eighth di6-
course before the Young People s Association ot the Re-
formed Dntcn Church, Twenty-first street, necr Sixth
avenue, this evevening, at 7% o'clock.
ORDIATIONS.
On Friday, the r.Lth, unituno. the Right Rev. J 0. Van-
develde, Boman Catholic Bishop of Natchbe. conferred
the Holy Order of Desaconship on the Rev. Richard Kane.
at St. Mary's church, and on the nest day iFeast of
Epiphany,) he raised the same reverend gentleman to
the Holy Orderof Priesthood.
Rev. Henry Smith, D. D., Professor in Lane Seminary,
was recently ordained to the Gospel ministry by the Pree-
bytery of Cincinnati. Dr. S. has been a licentiate of tihe
Presbytery more than twenty years, having been license
in December, 1832. His connection with Marietta Cd-
legs rendered his ordination unnecessary.
RBev. Charles S. De Luc was ordained by the Presbyte-y
of Cincinnati, and is to labor with the church in Car-
thage, Ohio.
Rev. Elijah P. Smith was ordaine-d an Evangelist by
the Denmark Association, Iowa, on the 3d ult.
INVITATIONS.
The Universalist Society of Waterville, Me., have in-
vited Rev. H. C. Leonard, of Orono, to become their pas-
tor. He has accepted the invitation and commenced hit
labors.
The First Baptist Church in Cambridge, Mass., hare
given a unanimous inviLation to the Rev. S K. Uasoo,
of Lockport, N. Y., to become I heir pastor.
The Rev. James Hoyt, late of Stamford, Coun has ac-
cepted an invitationn to supply the pulpit or the First
Congregational Society of New London, Conn.
Bev. Alfred E. Ives, of Deerfleld, has received a unani-
mous invitation to the pastoral office of the Coagrega-
tional Church and Society in Castine, Me.
Rev. A. Fairbaron has accepted a call to Huntsville,
Texas.
Rev. Isaac W. K. Handy, of Newark, has been called to
the First Presbyterian Church in Portismouth, Va.
Rev. Daniel Gibbs has accepted a call to Ripley, Chan-
tauque county, N. Y., and entered upon his labors a.
that place.
INSTALLATIONS.
The installation of Rev. Horatio Stebbins as pastor of
the First Congregational Churchand Society inPortland,
Me., took place. on the 31st ult.
Rev. James Eels was installed pastor of the Seeo"
Presbyterian Church in Cleveland, Ohio, on the 24tiL
ult.
Rev. L. Stanley was installed, by the presbytery oa
Marshall, pastor of the Presbyterian Church in Jones-
ville, Mich., on the 10th nit.
Beoy. Oliver Crane, late of Turkey, was installed pastor
of the Presbyterian Church at Huron on the 18th nit.
Rev. Dr. Mandeville, lately of Albany, was installedl
pastor cf the Government street Church, Mobile, on the
I4th ult.
DEATES IN THE MINISTRY.
Re. Henry G LivMgston. lt6Le pastor of thaThird Re-
formed LDutch church in Philadelphia, died at Carumel,
Puolnam county, N. Y, on the 27th nit.
1Bev. John H. Waterbury died at Elizabethtown, N. J.,
on the 26th lnit., aged 52 years.
NEW CUNCHEIS.
A new 0. S. church was organized last week in WesL
Fitlb .l t re"t. in the ilJcs where Clio West Fiftieth
F'r,'st "aberoacle formerly worshipped. Sermon by Dr.
Phillips. *
A new German church in Belmont avenue, Newark,
N. J., called St. Peter's church, was dedicated on the 2d
in slant.
On the 28th ult., in Bedford, Ohio, the Rev. Frederick
T. Brown, of this city, assisted in organizing a promising
church, composed chiefly of heads of families from New
York and Few England, called the First Presbyterian
church of Bedford, in connection with the General As-
sembly of the Presbyterian Church, Old School.
A Presbyterian church was dedicated at Cool Spring,
Sussex county,,Del., on the 15th niult.
A new house of worship erected by the First Congre-
StVonal church in Belvidere, 111., was dedicated on the
14th Iut.
MI8CELLA19OUMS.
To-day it is just three hundred years since John Ro-
gers, the proto martyr of the Marian pesecution, was
burned at the stake at Smithfield. We hear that some
of the descendants of that famous man resident in the
vicinity of Boston, have made preparation for an obeery-
ance of this anniversary. One of our friends, whose La-
mily is allied to that of the martyr, and whose ancestors
for more than one generation have been honored and
respected in the ranks of the New England clergy has a
genuine portrait of the illustrious man of Smiwhd e
whose sufferings have been the theme of so much nurse-
ry pathos, and the exact number of whose children hat
so long taxed the brains of juvenile readers. This relaio
has been hunted up for use at the gathering of the de-
scendants of those nine or tan children, who form that
melancholy group in the woodcut in the old elitlons of
the New England Primer. The Salem rGzete, in allUd-
ing to this memorable day, has the following para-
graph:-
Alluding to this even. Noalle, (though an enemy) the
celebrated French Ambassador, then at the court of
London. in his letter to France of that very evening,
says:-"This day was performed the confirmationof the
alliance between the Pope and this kingdom, by a public
and solemn sacrifice of a preachingooctor named Rogers,
who has been burnt alive' for being a Lutheran, but he
died persisting in his opinion. At this conduct, the
greater part of the people took so much pleasure that
they were not afraid to make him many acclamations to
strengthen his courage. Even his children aesisted,com-
forting him in such a manner as If be had been led to a
wedding."
A Jewish college, on the model of the German univer-
sities, is about to be established in Cincinnati.
The Chicago Herald states that the enterprise of re-
establishing the Congregational Theological Seminary,
the I' ecefu= he agent,
promises to be pre-eminently aneenssu. Ihe
Rev. Mr. Peet, has mot with great success, and now
hopes to raise $60,000 in the State of Illinois alone. &
bill of incorptraion has already been introduced into
those Illinois Legislature.
Bishop Lee, of Iowa, is now engaged in raising money
for a permanent missionary fund in his diocese.
The report of the Canadian Wesleyan Society states t.he
contributions to itthe lastoyearto be 7,539, wllhill
an advance of 1,865 upon the preceding year. The so-
ciety supports 1l'Indian missions, 62 domestic, 21 mis.
etonarles to the Indians, 79 domestic, and 16 day schoae.
In the mission churches are 10,024 members, of whom
1,142 are Indians.
Bev. W. M. Cunningham has been appointed Synodicat
miaslecary evangelist by the 0. S. Synod of Georgia,
with dlscretnonacy powers to labor in destitute planes,
and build up churches.
Bev. Dr. Durbin contradicts the rumor that- all thi
missionartes of the Methodist Church ha' left Ohina.
Instead of withdrawing their missions, they-savejuiat
rent out s reinforcement of one family, and have twa
more appointed to follow in the spring.
MISSIONARY LABORS IN GREECE.
[from the ProvidenceJournal.]
From a letter recently received from friend inAthelu,
we learn tbat the Rev. Dr. Hill, for more than twenly-
fve years a missionary from the Protestant Epienopal
Church in this country, has bea eerIously ill, though
he is now In a convalescent sate. The ravages of tho
cholera in Athens have been fearful. In many Iniitauae
whole families bare been taken, and in various parts of
the city one sees numbers of bonseswhose Inmatle have
died, closed by the authorities. Every body that could
leave, went away; all except the missionaries; they stail
valesntly at their post. TUe mission school of Dr. Hill
was opened after the summer vaatinon, with hundreds
of lcholsrs, but was obliged to be clod In a few days,
on account of the frightful spread of the cholera.
To show the. esteem andd high respt.t In which Rev.
Dr. Hill is held by those in anthorsty In Greees, I will
hern say he was chosen by the government as one of the
commiesloners sent to Ihe island of Euboma, to investi-
gate the afSir of the shocking murder of Mr. Leevee and
wite, which happened a few months sinne. All the donu-
mento In relation to this mournful tragedy were traM-
Iated'into English by Dr. Hill, and forwarded by him to
Enjiesnd
King O0ho msuifests the warmest interest in the Amt-
rican million school, and has several times vlastedit,
always expressing great satiesautlOn at the work there
going on. The laws of Greece lorbid any thing like pto-
slylsing, and therefore the only field there lor foreign
missionaries Is the schools, which thni far have bean











266

ADDITIONAL FROM CALIFORNIA.


THE STATE FINANCES.


THE MINES AND SPECIE EXPORTS.


PASSENGER STATISTICS.

RATES OF LABOR-


R'uIi.Dl.I1SB *V fEE1101KM
d oe ., oB *e

In. (rr-oU af tlhe Stase and Ue CocundlUon
of &he Mneo-KExpmbo 01 Speoe, Ac. .
We ake Lbe following extracts from the Governor's
hat eeState Is possessed of means amply nsufficint
to cover Fresent liabilities and still retain a Iage sour-
lus in the treasliy to meet future exlgenelss, no one
m doubt who has examined {nto her vast resources;
and It Is therefore hoped that you will at once, mature
ame plan ror the liquidation or the existing debt of the
State, and, at an early day, bestow the attention, so
uch required, 0to the consideration of proper measures
of retrenchment in the expenditures ofrte State govern-
meaL
STAT* F ONAlOu, Dmoasa 20, 1854.
sAmont of 3 per cent bonds out-
standing...................$3,975 00
lmleest on ,ame...............8,849 76
11 1 I__ 1$9,824 75
MOau of 7jper centbonds, 1851......... 294,000 00
it 11 7 "o1852 .........1,889,8On000
*itstanding Comptrolle's warrants....... 828,6 9
State prison bonds...................... 1 ,0000
aItereaL on State prison bonds............ ..62500
Interest on School Fund................ 32,46544
Dab counties for school purposes........... 5,725 94
Jun counties for hospitals................ 18,179 04
Total.............................. $2,089,187 12
Deduct amount o cash In treasury....... 180,6(3 79
,etal amount of civil indebtedness of the
Stale IDec. 20 1854, exoluaile of School
Fund, as exhibited by the report of the
comptroller of State.....................$1,908,583 33
Amount of l the several sale of State property made by
the Board of State Land Commuisionere, as reporlte1 by
The Beard on the 20th of December, 1954 -
Oetober 20 1868........................... 5143,700 00
Decetnber N8, 18i.................. 3.0,475 )00
Mareh 9, 1864 .........................235,80u 00
August 17, 1854 ....................... 75,724 00
GOeo 2er 26, 1664... ..................... 101,332 60
iNdal amount of sales.................... $905,531 60
FProm whish deduct expenses of Board uno to
December 1, 184.......................... 0,991 47
Net amount of sales .......... ........ $845,540 03
4Of the net amount of the sales made by the
Commissioners, the sum of tour hudbe'l
and seventy one thousand two hb.ired
and nine dollars and sixty-threo cents,
471,209 63,) has been paid into the Stale
resuy, and is included in the above ex-
hlkt of St ate Finances," leaving still due
the State, and to be hereafter applied in
the redemption of her seven per cent bonds,
the sum of.............................5373,330 40
Dslance ofthe 26 per cent due to the State
from the city of Saa Francisco, on the sale
of property made December 26. 1853, under
the Wter Lot act orf March 26, 1851......$165,000 00
Amount due from wharves in the city of rSa
Francisco, as reported by the Attorney-
eral................................ 20,110 70
$569,441 10
Recaptituatfion.
Amount of State indebtedness on the "20th
day of Dec., 1854. exclusive of d&hool
Fandas exhibited by the report of the
Cpmplroller of State.................... $1,908,583 83
Fr4m which deduct balance of proceeds of
salesheretofore made, and which, by law,
ae set apart for the redemption of out-
tndaing seven per cent bonds.......... 659,441 10
asn, s the total amount of civil in.
debiedness unprovided for at ihis date,
the sum of ........................... 1,349,142 23
.Jrom this deduct the estimated amount ol
a sale pf State property, to Lake place on
the )8th of the present month......... 5,00 00
Total a mount of State indebLednessa un.
provided for........................ 51,284,142 23
It may, therefore, safely he assum 4 that
on the 18th of the present muonth, the no-
"r indcbtedness of the State, unprovided
for, exclusive of the School Fund (464.-
S000O) will not easeed the above stated bal-
ance, being the sum o................... 1,2S4,142 23
On the 20th of December, 188,1. thesmoinit
br the 'iate debt, civil and war, exclusive
of theSchool Pund, was.... .......... 3,001.445 70
odal amount of State debt unprov ded for,
asabove stated...... ............... 1,284,142 23
Total amount of reduction of State milebt-
ednes iFince Dec. 20, 163.............. 1,117,303 47
-being fopir huudred and thrlty-tLbree ihouean.l one bun.
ded an! i,,y one dollars and twenty-four centn (543J,.
161 24) morn, rban tbe present unprovi-ied fr eVId in-
41ebtednead of the State
Tue Mea-S. S
lam gratified to be enoabl-d to inform you that lthei
sulutantial wealth of the State, during the year just
dosed, has been vastly augmented. Mining. agriculture
ia commeree-the great intere-ts of Callfornia-have
allbeen greatly extended in their operations, developing
dore fully than in any previous year, the varied and im
mense advantinages and resource-s of the State.
'T"lronghout the mining region, eaten4log about six
hundred miles in length-from the Four Creeks to the
.Oregon line---and averaging not less than forty.five
miles in width, many highly important aud useful im
provementa have been mad, e specially In the excavation
and construction of canals and ditches ofl great length,
designed to supply with water, at all ieas.ms of the year
locations nown as "dry diggings."
By means of these canal and ditches, water is convey-
ed irom the principal rivers and dialstri buted over vast
districlt.of mining country, enabling tobusaundi of enter
uprising and indautrioas mendilgeotly, and at all seasons
of tle year, to prosecute their labors, and to increase
bnienae'y the amount of gold annually obtained.
These improvements, now so .ndispesabhle to the rapid
and complete development of our vas mineral resourcis,
Ht is beieved, can, and, it Is hope, wall be so managed
in accordance with the local minino' laws by thoie having
control as to render them aslime efficient inadvancing the
.iatereaL of labor and yielding jit returns to capital in
Vested.
Heretofore daring the summer mouth, mr'neras have
been compelid to abandep valuable cla'mi-in fa':t,
wiole districts of country-f-lor the reason tha'. esufficien
'waer could not oe obtaled for mining purposesa. But
dquig the past year much has been done to overcome
this great obstacle, anc now. by means of enals andl
ditches, water-the necessary, In fact indispensable cie
mient in successful mining-is conveyed in abunJdance to
the dpor of the miner, and it is confaliently believed that
in future a large portion of our mining population will
be enabled to pursue their labors profitably to themselves,
and to the increased prosperity of the State, throughout
all esaons of the year. Ihis is a desidera.tum properly
appreciated by those of our citizens who have bwe com.
pniled in former years for want of water to for.ake the
richest sections of the country.
From the increased facilities afforded by Improvements
in machinery, mach advancement has also been made in
obtaining gold embedde I In quartz ro.ck. Large and well
nenstrucled mulls have been erected in various parts of
the State, sad immense quantities of the precious metal
extracted from she numerous vi4us of auriferous quartz
which penetrate the hills of Califoruta
ijaprovementa suggested by past experience In the im
elements used by tea river, player and gulch miner have
greatly diminished the labor heretofore rendered neces
sary ai separating the gold from sand and rocs. Lndesi,
we have every reasom to congratulate ourselves on the
many and varied lmoronvtments In all departments of
muinog operations; facilitating as they do Iheextraction
nf gold, developing the inexhau mble mineral resources
of the State, and opening an enlarged field to the indu,-
fad enterprise of Our ekitzens, as well as adding vast-
ly to the already unparalleled wealth of Cahfornia.
From a portion of the mining counties I have been
enabled to obtain information In relation to Inves~tmtnl
made In canals, ditches ado quartz machinery, as fol-
lows:-
OP5BATION8 i11 QUARTZ.
ommtfa. No. Companies. Capital. Expense. Receipfs.
Nevada............6 5700,000 3299.870 ,716,000
Itasta.............. 1 27,000 19,200 53,000
Eldorado ............ 8 140,000 119,892 490,000
Amador........... 6 140,000 213,160 412,600
Total............ 18 $i.007,000 5d-2,,128 $1,671,000
These eighteen companies have been in successful ope-
ration daring the past year, and the above dgures, ob-
talDnednpon careful Inquiry, may be regarded as nearly
correst.
It Is proper here also to state that fourteen other com.
pnlies-four in SBitlyou and Klamath, two in Nevada,
en. In Sierra, two in Placer, one In Tuolumne and four
dn Mariposa-have also been In successful operation,sand
doing quite as well during the pait year as the eijntneu
above referred to, but aseho returns nase been received
from them they are not Included In the shove.
It Is also known that daring the latter part of the yea-
sixteen other companies commenced operations In ihi
Following named counties, and with capital stock as be-


low stated.
No. of Companiese. Capil Sl ack.
Placer,.................... 1 $22,000100
Nevada,................. 6 104,000 00
EDorado,................. 4 45,000 00
Amaor,.................. 8 18,000 00
Tuelumne................ 60,00000
Total,.................1 o5240,00000
These new companies, It Is understate, all commence
operationss with very flattering prospects of stf"euee.
Canals andi llcha.
Miles. Value.
3 Dorado...................... 173 5880,000
Claveras...................... 180 3M,0d
Tuolumne...................... 186 400,000
Amador......................... 129 290,000
Placer .................... 160 880.000
NevadaT ..................... 208 400,000
Sisrra........................ 129 117,000
Total ......................... 1,164 $2294,000
In addition to the above, In the same counties, and In
there there is quite a number of canals and ditches,
which within a few mouths will be In actual use, coo.
tributDig greatly to the general prosperity of the
,maltn region.
Thle following is the amount of gold bullion erportoed
0Iwoe ani the Atlantia States, as exhibited by mnal.


NEW YOM hRERALD, SUNDAY, FI BRUARY 4, 1855.


.etat the Cnustom House, San. FrancL o, doling the
yvars la66 8i541- 1843. 1854.
let quarter.. ....... 16,157,913 68 9,7%4,702 96
2l dqu. ..... ... 14 096, 085 18 13,786,486 01
3d o. ........ 1241,470 99 13,794.79407
4tb ''..."-.......1 386,08 18 1,088,76200
*ai............... $66 880,448 98 $50,44,878 44
Amount and valutef quicksilver, the product tof the
State-of Callfordla, shipped from San Francisco during
the year 1854 :-
20,000 flasks, weighing 75 be. sach, making
1,600,000 lbs., t flt teeuts per lb....... $7850,000
old, as before stae, is to be found in more *or less
abundance throughout a district of country six hundred
mlse in length by festy.five in width. It Is found in
varied quantities, from the surface to the bei-rock,
which is sometimes only reachedat a depth oftwo hun-
dred feet.
By means of these extensive and valuable improve-
ments, water Sufficent for mining purposes will be
gradually distributed over the entire mining region, and
millions of acres not now known certainly to possess
gold, will be found to abound with the glittering ore.
Actual observation, and the experience of the past,
have satisfied me that flity years absence, when most of
those now prominent on the stage of action, shall have
passed away. It will be said that mining operations in
California have but fairly commenced.
Asrtvals mand Departuree ot Passengers by Sea
during 18".
[From the San Francisco Prices Current, Dec. 30.1
During the year now closed, 41,199 males arrived, and
21,989 left-leaving a balance in oar favor of 19,210
males. At the same time, while 7,112 females arrived,
only 1,033 leflt-leaving a balance iL our favor of 6,079.
The statistics of children show total arrivals daring the
year of 1,826, and departures of 486-leaving a balance
in out favor of 1,340. A gratifying feature in these
resells is that while the departure of males is 60 per
cent of the arrivals, that of females is only about 14 per
cent, and that of children only about 21 per cent-tue
general eonc.usiun to be deduced from whicn is the de-
sirable fact of a gradual tendency towards an equiallza.
otin of males and females in our community. It may
be remarked, also, that by lar the greater partof ena
gain of our female population, and toe entire gain of
our population in children, is from the Atlantic States
and Europe--which cannot be said of the gain in our
male population, for two-thirds of which we are indebt-
ed to China. Summing up the above figure we find a
total arrival during 1864 of 60,137 souls, and a total
departure of 23,608--leaving a balance in our favor of
26,629 so u Is.
For about two thirds of tils gain we are Indebted to
.theAfirethalf of the year, and for the remaining, third
o the last six months, as will appear from the following
table:-
FIRST SIX X1NTBS.
Arrived-Males....... ................ 28,771
Left-Males.............................10,980
Gain of males...................... -- 12,701
Arrived-Females....................... 4,602
Left-Females.......................... 667
Gain of females..................... 3,936
Arrivea-Chifldren...................... 928
Left-Children.......................... 240
Gain of children..................... 688
Total gain from January to June............ 17,414
LAST SIx MON10T.
Arrived-Males......................... 17,428
Left-Males............................. 11,009
Gain Of males................... 6,419
Arrived-Females.......................2,10
Left-Females........................... 466
Gain of [females....................- 2,144
Arrived-Children.................... 898
Left-Children .......................... 246
Gain of children ..................- 662
Total gain from July to December........... 9,216
Making a total gain duro ing 1854 of............ 26,629
But while we have cause for rejoicing In theomny
favorable conclusions to be deduced from the above
given figures. it wo-id be utiel-s to ignoree one fact with
regard to the gain of our male population, which Is not
quite o desirable as we could wish.
We find that the number of Chinamen arrived during
the year was 16,176, andl of Chinawomen 90-3, while
2,3813 Chinamen and 17 Chioawom-n only departed,
leaving an increase in California of 12,815 Coin.men and
86 Cbhinawomen-in all. 13.764 Chinese.
The total excess of males left in California by the year
1864 waq, as we have said above. 19,210, of which, there-
fore, 6,346 only came from the Atlantic States and
Europe. ____
Rates of Labor In San PFrancisco, Jan, 1, 1855.
Blacksmiths, pr day. a 6 Harnessmakrers...... S5
[lo. helpets..3 il &.4 Millers (two grades),6 a 10
Shipmilbs -........6&a6 Engineers (stationary
Do. beflpvre.. .3 ) a 4 engines)........ 8650 a 6
Locrksamiths........... 5 Bookbinders............ 6
Coppersmiths ........6 a 6 Book folders ..... ..... 3
Ganrmithe ........... 6 Cartmen ........3560a-
Metal turners ...... ia6 Day laborers.......... 8
Fire itoof shutter and Watchmakers.......... 8
railing maker,-....... 6 Jewellers-.............. 8
Brass lounoers ..... la6 Chaseres................ 10
Gas fitters............6 a 7 Lapidaries.......... 9
Boiler makers and riv- 'IBrickmtoers, per math
eters....*...-....5 50 a 6 and found.......60 a 90
Pattlern m,.ker a and Brickmoulders .. .. 75 a 100
moulders........b i) a 6 Brick burnera.... .50 a 60
Finisners.........b 60 a 6 fi Ume buroera s.....60 oa 60
Plumbers ........6 00 a 8 Mattresimaker'. .30a 40
House .-arp.ntprs and Hostlers ..........40 a 60
joiners.............. 6 Waiters (in hotels).40 a 50
Ship carpenlers .....7a8 Cooks............76 a 1
Boat builders .......7 a 8 Deck hands (river nay). 60
Caullrkers............... 8 Engineers........ .....209
Tin worklers...... ..... 56 Engineers' assistants...1I0
Tin rosfers............ 6 Firemen............... 75
CamagenitLe, ........ 6 Waiters................ 40
B beelvirigbhls......... 8 Mates1..................150
Pile drivers...........5 Pilots-..................100
Coopers................ 5 Tailors............75 a100
House and sign painters 6 Seamens'wages........ 26
Sallmakers ..... 6 Mates..............6060
Riggers................ 6 Servant girls........80a 50
Stevedores............. 6 Mill sawyers........... 100
Granite dressers.... .. 5 a 7 Mill planers-............100
Marble cutters .... 6a8 Lumbermen (In yards).100
"Marble polishhers....... 4 BaKers........ ....76 a 100
ltrestone cutters...... 7 Barbersa............90a125
Stone maonsn.......... 7 Butchers and slAugh-
Ballast cutiere .......I a3 tereres...........76ua 100
Bricklayers......... 8 Upholsterers, paper-
Hodmen ............ 4 ,hangers, &c-.....76al00
Plisieters......... ... 6 PorttersIn stores...76a5 a100
Shoemakers-...........2a5 Draymen, per week.... 26
Hatters............... 10 Printers, $1 25 per 1,000
Pump and block makers 5 ems, or $50 per week.
Particulars of the Storm In San Francsisoo.
[From the Alta California, Jan.,8.]
The storm of Sunday night was unuoasutlly severe, re.
embl',ng in its intensity sone of the old-fashiooed
norlbers which Lhe early residents so graphicaUy da
scribe. The gale aroee shortly afte: mi nighl, and be-
tween that time and four o'clock it pruduce.l more de-
struct;on than any of the prevloui others winlcb have
visited this coast. The aggregate of damage is very
material, although individualIosses ais not laIrgs. On
Monday morning the evidences of the storm were scat
tered all about town, in the chape of signs and awnoncs,
and not unfrequently the entire roofing of some dwelling
hbose or sore.
The ronf of the 'Old Kentucky House," a public
house foot of Wasbington street, was swepr Fntirely oilff
an-l landed in the middle of the street, where it zre.
inaied all Jdoy, as complete a barricade as could have
been made. Considerable damage was dons to the roof
of the steam saw mull opposite the "HLsue," snil also
to the reoflug of several buildings foot of Jackson
'street. .
'A portion of the roof of St. Mary's cathedral was
blown away and parties interested estimate the damage
to the building at $1,000 On California street, near
Powell, the house of Mr. Parker (SNicolls, Parker & Co.),
*was much injured. The roof was taken off, the ohim-
,neys blown down, and but one room in the house re-
mained in a condition to afford the family shelter from
* ,the storm. *
Mr. Goddard's large frame building on Clay street, near
Talor, was unroofed; and otherwise injured from the
*severe racking it received. The Inhabitants of three
small cortages adjoining, fearing Mr. Goddard's house
would fall and crush them, took to the streets, and there
remained until the storm abated.
Among other buildings more or less damaged we notice
a ntw houe corner of Jones and Washington streets,
which has lost its roof, the house of Capt Biynes. cor
nhr of Sacramento asd laylor streets, chimnsy blown
over, and the h,,use of Mrs. Cohen, in the seams vicinity.
A large house at the corner of ryler and Jackson street's,
us also considerably damaged.
We noticeil two buhl.ding which had been remove
from their foundations-one was a large Ouiltlng near
"the toll house, and was occupied as a crocery store, the
other was near Rinon Point. A hounein tiley street,
near Jones, was completely d-molihhed. Fortunately,
the occupants were warned, and escapei without injury.
At the MleIon, many or the oaks were uprooted, aud
we learn that one I.Jellng house was raced to the
ground.
The Empire Warehouse lost a portion of the roof, but
was repaired in season to prevent any damage to the
merchandise.
A bnck building at N'orLh Bearch tumbled down
during the gale. as well as a wooden cuttage on Vailejo
street, corner of Masou.
In hundreds of instances, windows and doors were
blown in, and houses wooded with the rain, but in no
instanre'have we hear.d of any injury to limb.
The damage ts the shipping was not very great o ing
to the fadt that from the ,direction of the wivnu Lte ,air.
bhr and piers were sheltered from it- lull force, but old
sea captains, men of experience on tit- croa-t d.eclara
that had as strong e gale blown from the north, or even
from the northeast, no whari In the city cold btve


withstood it.
The bark Ala, at California street wharf, got adrift
shortly after the commencement of the gale, andl came
Ia collision with the ship Herald, carrying away fore.op-
mastand bowsprit, and receiving some other damigi
about the bows.
At Folsom street wharf, the atoreshlpe and other ves.
sells were mush chafed, and the brigs Woleot an I laoe
were considerably damaged. The brig PIqver brote fr icm
her moorings, and drifted up the bay until she brought
up against the Russian ship Kamschatka.
Tbhe ship Superior dragged her anchors and weut up
the bay upwards of two miles. The ship May Flower and
atoresblp Gold Bunter dragged from the fits and
brought up in the channel, without receiving any ns.
trial damage. The sloreship Bartland also got adruit,
and was brought to offRincon Point.
The streets have been somewhat damaged, particular-
ly those recently filled in. The Street Commissioner ae.
tIaises the damage to streets and cisterns at 5L0.000,
and that It will require that sum to place the streets in
the same condition as they were before the storm.
Brutal Treatmientt o1 a Child.
[Fromi th San Franolsco Times, Jan. 9.]
We briefly mentioned yesterday the arrest of a msu
named PhlliUps and his wife for brutal treatment towards
the daughter of the woman. The details of the case as
given before the Recorder are almost enough to disgust
a decent person with their speoles. It appeatm that the
woman's name was formerly Riley, and upon her appll-


cation to one of our acoommodating.Court she scosoeeded
In getting a divorce from her husband, and was left with
the children, whom she has since supported. Se mwar-
ried fellow named PhillIps. The two, who keep a bar-
room and boarding house, on Vallejo street, near Depont,
appear to have been n te habltof abasing the children,
and particularly Julia Riley, a very Interesting, hban--
some and ladylike young girl about 14 years of age- On
Saturday night the ruffian Philllps undertook to compel
her to associate with a drunken man and woman woo
were at the homo. She very properly refused. Phil-
hpe getting enragpd, seized her, an u after brutally
strilking andnausing her, carried her Into the barroom
where there were some four or fire men, and throwing
up her clothing, struck a number of blows up)u htr aex-
posed person.
In the meantime the woman who calls herself thb
mother of the girl, Was hunting for a cowhlde to assist
in theoutrage. Mortified, ashamed an] wrotclhel, the
poor gIrl called for help, asd a young man present start
"ed for an officer. Mr. Lane was promptly on the sEpit
and. on investigating the matter, be attempted to arneat
Phillips. The womau closed the dooc and threatened to
shoot the officer, and Phillips drew his pistoLiwhsn toe
loud whistle of tr. Lane brought others It his aid.
They burst open the door and secured the ifleniers. It
woe also proved that Phillips tvok the girl to her cham-
ber, threatened to strip bher and lash her to tbis bid-
and doubtless would have lashed'her down If help had
not arrived. Julia was badly out on the arms and
shoulders by a cowhide. It appeared also that the young
girl had been frequently 6noceed, down, beaten in the
face, dragged about tby the hair. both by Phillips and
the women. Pbillips waP alo in Ithehabit of diing toe
wmolt shameful and opprobrlopiepilthets toward thelirl.
and often compelled her motlbr to whip her Both Po|I
bps soand his well matched partner were put under bon.le
of $fi,0N0 each for their further appearance.

The French Men-.f-War at San lFranelao.
Ihe French corvette La Moaellae, anl British frigat-'
Pique, had arrlve-l at San Frarcl'co. 'he La Moselle
carries twenty gun8 and one hundred and ninetyf.)ur
man. The following isa l st of bher officers -
Commandant, Lieut. Bella&rd; Passed. Midshipmen,
Messra. Do Moieh de la Marck, Guerin Drivevrer De Ber-
thron, and Savy; Purser, Mr. Griffon du Bellay; burgeon,
(firat clss,)Mr. LeOlero; Surgton, (third class,) Mr.
Ducret; Midshipmen, Messrs. De L.unay, Bertrand, Gau-
tier, tenral's, Fourrieur, and Acting Midshipman Dre-
breull; Commodore's Staff Commodore Page, (Chief of
Division,) late Imperial Commissloner at the Society
Islandsn Flag lieutenant, Lieut. Deosaur; Aid.de-damp,
Passed Midshipman Briohb.
The following are the officers of the Pique:-
Sir Frederick W. E. Nicolson, Bart, Captain; Alleyne
Bland, Senior Lieutenant; Edmund Grove Lieutenant;
George Robinson, Lieutenant; George L. arr Master;
Bev. Thomas Davis, Chaplain; Thoma Nelson, M. D.,
Surgeon; James B. Hay, Payvinmt.t.'r, E. G. Mcailum,
First Lieutenant, B. M.; William H. Clement, First
Lieutenant, R. M.; Wmn. H. Crinell, Anal. Surgeon. O. R
Fitzgerald, Mate; James B. McAvoy, Clere, pa.sel);
Charles Ross Forrest, Midshipman; G. Y Rtalirap,
Midshipman J. G. J. Hammer, Midshipmau, E. H. -tacn-
ton, Acting Clerk; John B. Warren, Master's Assistant.
MllceIaneous.
INQUESTS t N SAN FANOI800,
The coroner of San Francisco reports teat during the
year 1854 he held Inquests on the following casias:-
Hanging..... ............................. 1
Drowning...... ................ .................. 44
Internal injunes................................... 29
Knife wounds ................................... 22
Pistol shot wounds................................. 21
Suicide ................... .................... ...... 20
Scalding.................. ............. 11
Exposure.......................................... 7
Total..........................................1565
BULL Fi1GEM IN SAM DIrGO.-From the following notice,
which we find in the San Diego Heraold of the 80th Dec.
we should judge that the ridiculous custom of bull
fighting was being crowded out by more intellectual
amusements; and when that town becomes thoroughly
Americanize,*, such brutal exhibitions will no doubt be
forgotten:-The past three weeks have been devoted, al-
most exclusively, by the citizens of San Diego, to amuse-
meints. Bull fighting was the first on the carpet. For a
whole week, the approaches to the public plaza were
fenced up, and a dozen tame balls, with their horns
sawed off, were chased round the enclosure by white and
black hombrc ou horseback, and occasionally a drunken
soldier or "greasar" on foot. The only damage dons to
"manor beast" was one drunken fellow getting kicked
over in endeavoring to hold a bull by the taitl.
TaE Cocos ISLAND TREASURi HuNT.-We learn that very
encouraging accounts have been xeceivel from the pffi-
cers of the vessel anod others sent out to search for the
treasuze supposed to have been buried by the piratical
crew on Cocos Ialsnd, a long time ago." It is stated
that there Is every reason to believe that the hidden
money will be found. It is, we believe, an historical
fact that pirates did seize a large amount of treasure in
the vicinity of the island; and it is a supposed fact that
they burieO it somewhere clse to where they took it,
Supposing both facts to be facts, we have no doubt that
the money may be had by digging for it; but it may be a
question whether or not the parties concerned mightget,
more money by less digging in any of the hills of Cal-
fornia.-Alia 'taliforuina, Jan. 8.
SoMnmTIo CuRIous.-We find the following advertise-
ment in the San Francisco papers. There is a mystery
about it dcoper tbhnu the secretl of Know Nothingusm:
u. a. 0.-301 B. c.
In cr.eequsnce of tihe teath of Kamahamefha No. 8,,
member from the San.iich Ilaindj, a-mestmg ot the
Club will b. held this eveunng, at b ciUeos, at tie Cinam
bprioi the"An/ial Ofatur." An auto'iIog.t.py of tne
IOld Kanaka," written by himself, containing his expe-
rience up to about lour minutes previous to his death,
will be read by "one of the Minslonaries" engaged by
the Club for this occasion only, at an immense expense.
About a pound and a half of feathers,belonging to the'
celebrated Robe of State," will be distributed:
during the evening, In accordancea with the
last wishes of the King, who eloquently re-
marked, as his spirit was about to wing its way to
partss unknown," I"Around them scatter plenty of
leathers." Alexander Lihollo's proposalfor membership,
endorsed by the delegate from the Fejees, together with
recommendations from the foreign and domestic Con-
suls, and several other distinguished citizenswill be sub-
mitted. Also, a paper con.tainiI his real sentiments in
relation to annexation, which has been kindly placed at
the disposal of the Club by Phlneas T. Barnum, Esq.,
will be read, and may possibly be pu blished in an extra
on Olunday morning. The delegation of Rochester
Knockers will be on hand, and a rare communion of
spLr ts may be anticipated. By order of the Committee
on the death of FOREIGN RELATIONS.
Election of a Preacneer In the Miasmtnchusetts
Legislature.
The election of a clergyman to preach the sermon before
the Legislature of 1856, says the Boston Courier of the
2d instant, was attended by a good deal of excitement
and patriotic devotion to men in the House of Repre-
sentativesyesterday. Mr. Smattering had votes from
all sides of the chamber, and it will be seen that his
Holiness Pius IX. has an agent in the House, who had
the audacity to .:ast an opera ballot for the Rt. Roy.
John B Fitzpalrick, "Roman Catholih Bishop of Bes-
ic,." Let there be a committee of ionuary to ferret out
this disguised emissary of the Pope. The tickets circu-
lated were, in many instances, quIte unitiie. Here is
a specimen:- .
.000000O 0,000000000090 00a 00000



0 OF UPO Tro. O
o "oo 0oo 0o ooo ooo oonooooo o o o o o o
0 0 *' '1
0 a OO EaT cire a 9000 00,.0 0 a0 00 a0 0.
Tho [Amerdid can v r. Skier as the
0 PREIOSII OF ELtOTiOtS eciisRMS, o
0 REV'. OfiS A. SKINNulR, 0
o or' soeo'O.o
o o
000 0000 0 00.0 000 000 0000000 00 000
The emericani Sag did not save Mr. Skinneor usthe
Rev. Mr. Seeley, of Springfield, a Cohgregtinast, was
elected on the second ballot.
Messrs. Denham of New Bedford, Brown of Tolland,
Slack ot Boston, Jones of Salem, and Brown of Fitoh-
burg, were appointed a committee to receive, sort and
count the votes. TiThey reported -
Whole number of votes........................ 844
Necessary for a choice ..........;............. 173
R. H. Beoeoy of Springfeld.....i................... 89
Otis A. Skinner of Boston.......................... 88
Azariah Kldrldge of New Bedford.................... 59
Theodore Parker of Boston......................... 82
John Pike of Bowley.............................. 82
Rev. Dr. Hopkins of WifIametown...............6.
Elias asoen...................................... 6
Charles A. Perry.......... .............. 6
BuRfusn Pope...................................... 4
William A. Whitoomb ............................. 2
N. M. Gaylord.................................... 2
Joseph Abbott.....................................
John Toad....................................... 2
J. D. Bridge ...................................... 2
Daniel Steele...................................... 2
Samuel Hsrris.................................... 2
Minor Raymond........ .....................1
Horace James................ ............... 1
Luther L. Tarbell .............................. 1
John Prince................ .................... 1
A C. L Arnold......................... 1
Lymar W hiting................................ ... 1
N. Pluash..................... ................ 1
Mark Bopklns ...... .......... .. ... ... .. .... ...... 1
John B Fitzpatrlct, (Roman Catbolc Bishop)...... 1
Cancel C Lddy... ...... ........................ 1
i'eriistus Oluapp, (the rogue L-Atcher) ............... 1
William R. Alger........ ... ...................... 1
No one having the requisite number, the House again
proceeded to ballot, with the following result:-
.NH. Beeley, of Springfield ....................... 174
Otis A. Skinner, of Bos ton..........................120
Acariah Eldrldge.................................. 10
Theodoge Parker................................. 9
LymanWhiting....... ...................2
William J. Eames................................ 1
JohnPike.................................... .... 1
Daniel 0. Eddy........ ....................... 1
S. S. Seetzier............................ 1
W. M. Fernald.............. ............ 1


James W. Stows ............................. ..... 1
Emory Porter............ ........................ 1
W S. tudley.................................... 1
Hiram C. Brown, of Tolland....................... 1
* The Bev. Mr. Seeleywas declared to be elected, and
the Speaker having been requested to notify him of the
fact, the House adjourned.
ENPOROEntE-T OF T BE New LiQuOR LAW LI COiq
ct'iivA.-The first case In tho county of the enforce-
ment of the new liquor law was the arraignment of Her-
man Bnyder and Henry Fun. on Tuesday morning, be-
fore Magistrate Davis, of Colraln toweshlo, for soLling
liquor. The defendants plead guilty, and were eaca
fined $80 and costs, sano sent to the dungeon of the
county jail for twenty days, to be fed on brad and
sater. In toe afternoon an unsuccessful effort was
made to release them on a writ of habeas corpu i before
one of the Common Pleas courts.-Cin. Ga eOe,.Feb. 1.
Marino Affilrs,
CooriRcs or Boarom,.-The total number of arrivals at
Bostlon for the month of January last was 372-87 foreign
snd 20 coastwise-against 830 for the same period in
1864. The decrease Is principally In coast sue vessels.
The total number of clearances was 335, 272 foreign and
163 coastwise-against 182 foreign and 202 coaiwol In
186.


'AFFAIRS IN EUROPE.

9ur Pt. Correspondence,
PARIS, Jan. 18,'185.
Pitervt and Coluhmbine-The Grippe-The Parlors
of Parns-M. Thiers' Parties--2w Grwmbiere in
French Socieay-Dr. Veom and the Costle MMoray,
M. Delangle and M. Hebert- Wax Figures at tMe
Tuileries-The .dcadany-M. Guisot, M. Berry-
er, Duc die Broglie, Mf. de Fallecx, and Napoleon
III.-s ocit des Lettres-Emigration, 4#v.
Pierrot and Colu4pbine were, of course, at the
masked ball at the Italian Operam last night, The
ball was even more brilliant than it was last week.
But they admired it less, and did not enjoy it at all.
They dancedibu opee. After listening silently to a
few of the old qnurilles of Kusard, forever famous
in theu annals of choreography, and to his new quad-
riles suggested by pieces now in vogue, such as
"l'Etol dun Nord" and "11 Trovatore," our couple
prowled (olefully about a while, arm in arm), and
then, hastening to the vestry, wrspted themselves
up warmly, and went away. Where? Nottodrink
champagne at the MLaison d'Or, the House ol Gold-
but to drink ptisan at homrq.
Did you notice how Columbine coughed, and that
Pierrot blew his nose so often and so hard as to
blow off ell the pearl powder that had whitened it?
Flaring angrily out of his demure face, it looked like
a red flannel shirt sticklrg out of the snow.
Pierrot and Columbine, alas I have both got the
gripped
So has almost everybody else in Paris. Since the
mercury has fallen all sorts of degrees, below zero,
scarcely a bedside table in town has lacked, either
at night or at m lining, its pitcher of hot ptisan.
Ptlsan, reader, is the English name, which (like me,
perhaps, 3ou had forgotten,) belongs to a decoction
of barley, licorie, dog tooth, (sometimes,) and
other ingredients, supposed by us to be an exclusive-
ly French panacea, under the name of tisane, for
",,the Ills that flesh is heir to," in general, and the
grippe in particular.
For years past the Parisians have been as accus-
tomed to the visits of Madame La Grippe as they
used to be to the visits of Lord Brougham. Indeed,
if' sunny France," to justify its traditional title,
did not boast of a few weeks of fine weather every
year, they might have become as accustomed to her
s to any other permanent resident here-to the
Princess De Lieven, (before the war with Russia
broke out,) to the Duke of Brunswick, to the Per-
sian Satrap, with his omnipresent head dress; to
the American who used to dine daily at the Rocker
de lancal, and now lifts his hat reverentiolly when-
ever he passes in the rue Montorgueil the side of
that renowned old restaurant-to the woman with a
fl, die and two wooden legs on the Boulevard des
Itallens- to the cholera, or, in fine, any other fix-
ture of this great capital. As it is, Madame La
Grippe contents herself with passing the winter in
Paris; and if yon pass it hare also,"you can scarcely
miesn forming her acquaintance.
Happily, you may foterm more agreeable qcquaint-
ances, if the jealous old hag dies not oonfine ysu to
)our bedroom and her ptlean; for in winter the par-
lor doors of Paris are thrown open, wivting th use
to enter who wish to to perpetuate, or onlytostudy,
the traditions of Franca society-that strange,
buullilant product of civilization.
rThe splendid balls a% the 'anllerlei, at the Hotel
de Vide, at the PNaies R'yal, at Prin ess Matutilldo's,
and at the different ministers', have tended to revive
the passion for gorgeous dlip'ay which distin-
gutished bthe Firs Empire, althinga a more severe
taste obviously reigns uidar the ne aond. But tie
mi t el wis y fnrnibtd parlors of the new rdgime,
wIth incredibly ,.ostly toilettes, and dazzlicg Impe.
rial ostumaes to boot'have not always supplied that
invishbe charm which used to make so many
pariors of the ,estoration, of the reign, of Louis
Philippe, and, in spite of lIeactionary gainsayers ol
to Republic, so attractive atd memorable. HIe
coop d da l closed all these. dome of them will
never be reopeind. Others, woltch until now have
been acoestible onli to inUtimates, admit this winter
a wider circle of guests.
Among the latter La tie parlor of M. Thiers, his-
lorlsn oo the Conasulate and Empire and ex minister
of Louis Philippe. l'ne ariTes 4t his houne in toe
Piece St. Gtorgtes ars &m.,j-it s orwd,'l as wheo,
he was more frequently uppermost on the wheel of
ioitune. that wheelhas revolved oftener for him tlan
)o almost sy otnherFreancmana, but hehas some-
how manager never to fall cmpupetoely off. It -a
were to iali off none would be surprised to see hini
come doon like a oat, on ias feet. At hi first party
bthe diltcmatit eorps were quite fully represanved.
The Prusian Minister wes,.oonspioouely polite to
the retiree statesman. Like his royal master, B tron
Vcn Hubner pyaodces the pOlicy oo trying to please:
everjbidy.
M. Tbler' parlor is not the only one that has
lately been reopened. I need not say that nearly
every one of tuese parlors is more or lees a boudoir,
in almost the original sense of the word. Bolder
means to pout, and of the people whom you meet in
these modern boudoirs the women pout so prettily,
and the men grumble so wittily, that you find their
society more amusing, to say the least, than that
of timeservers, who are content to forget
their ancient predilections in oreer to profit by te
exhitiDg political system. Mere private grumblers
may sometimes do guod public oservis by checking
the tensenoy to universal apat-y which must pre-
vail when a people is losing, voluntarily or involun-
tarily, habits ofattention to its own affitirs. The
grumblers form a useful minority under every im-
perfect form of government. Here in Franoe a
grumbler must be as dextrous as strong. He mast
not only have the luorsge to nerva him to oppost-
tion, but skill to disguise hi4 most decisive attacks.
So Fienco wit has learned to fabricate for lntellec-
tual warfare blades so sharp their edges can hardly
be oloerned-poisoned arrows-in short, a whole
arsenal of weapons as murderous as they are po-
lished and resthered.
In the parloie io which I have alluded, maiy a
fact is Impaled upon a pointed jeqt or epigram,
that mightit otherwise have been lust for the ouriosi-
ty of lutore students of history.
The grumblers continue to talk about the deci-
sion of M. Delaugle, in the case of tie sale of toe
Costitutuiond by Dr. Veron, and in favwr of taia
lucky partner of the Count Le Mocny, whose recent
nomination to the Presidency of the Corps Ltgslatif
would havebeen awkwardly simultaneous with au
unfavorable deoialon. IUr. Hbert, ex-minuls er of
Louis Philippe,in pleading against De Veron, seized
the occasion to cite the authority of a legal work by
M. Delsagle against M. Delaugle himself, and did
not hesitate, woreiver, to quote a signifiout pas-
sage from Dr. Veson'a Memories d'un Bovrgeois de
Paris, in which the doctor moralizes on the facility
'with which the rich and mighty sometimes escape the
punishment that is so inevitable far poor offeuders.
M. Hubert, you remember, was so much soandal-
ized by losing his case, that he threatened to quit
the bar. His wrath on the occasion brought him,
in sphie of his old unpopularity, an immense num-
ber of New Yesr's cards and aisll--from the gruot-
biers.
The latter repeat not a few malicious sayings
about the mysterious illness of the Emperor, which
* has been aggravated by the fatiguing ceremonies of
the season. Pey sald an incident of tue reoeptlun:
of the 1st of January. At the defile of visitors oa
fore t e throne, the Emnieror stood, showlg visible
fatigue and suffering. He spoke to no one, his boly
was motionleas, only his head responded to the salu-
tations of the crowd, by bending slightly and mono-
tcnously. All who surrounded him maintained a
still more immoveable attitude. All were motionless
as ttatuee. Thus prescribes the ceremonial, The.
Empire, say the grumblero, must have offered some-
what the aupet of a group of wax figures. At the
moment when the learned societies were passing,
a witty member of tie Institute whispered to one of
his colletegues," How I long to touch, so as to see if
all that is alive."t
The members of the Institute do not lack oppirtu-
dunities "to see if all that is alive," for, as the "10.
mortals" die from time to time, the vacant pla5st
must be supplte-i, and whenever a new member is
elected, he must be formally presented to the Em-
peror. Now, almost all the members of the Institute
axe grumblers, In the sense in which I have used it,


and the Institute is thus a sort of buodtlrtobe placed
at the head of those I have mentioned. History doas
not, however, respect the predilectioons of 6aes adher-
ents of the old parties, and brings about exigencies
more piquant than agreeable to them. Tas tae re-
ception of Mr. Berrn er, the famous legitiamist orator,
will not indeed take place ou the 25th instant, as
the papers dcii ounce erroneotrisly; but it w II take
Sauce soou, an whslti It dos, as M.Gaizot, ex
winter of Louis Phlip.ie, has just bsen named Di-
rector of the A ademy for three mouts, it wil fall'
to him to mtrcdnuce M. Bearryer at the Taoeries. It
will slso be his duty to ask Napoleon IlL. to approve
the eleotlon, which Is possible, of the Duo de Brog.
lie and M. de Falloux to replace two members re
cently decease.,
It is adid, I don't know how truly, that the Socield
des Gens de Lettres, of whioh n etry all the literary,
celebrities of Parl are members;t, noted to send 300:
francs to each of It members who are still in exile-
and the number is not small-as a New Year'a gift.
This society iseeme to have prospered ia its peon-
niury affairm of late, fir It is announced also, that it


subs ribed one hundred thousand francs for the na-
tional loan. Why should not mnu of letters learn to
profit by their toU as well as men of buslnesi?
The extraordinary success eo' the national loit-
the subscription amiuntIng to over two milliardis-
is the universal theme of conversation in the arlo-a
I have mentioned, and everywhere else outside of
them.
The Moniteur devotes eight lox g columns to a re-
port by M. Henstier, Director General of Agricul-
ture and Commerae, on the subject of European
emigration. This report, which is worthy of serious
attention on your side of the Atlantic, is followed by
a decree, establishing special commissaries to watch
over, in the interest of the police and of emigrants,
the movements of French and foreign emigration.
FIGOARO.
PAIs, Thursday, Jan. 18,1855.
'Distribution of the New French Loan-Expected
Arrival at Marsaeilles of Prince Napoleon-Hope-
lesess, of Peace-Deplorable Condition of the
English Troops in the Crimea-Winter Gaieties
is Paris-Children's Ball at the British Embas-
sy, 4-C., 4-c.
The frost has set in rather severely. At midnight
on Tuesday the thermometer of M. Chevatler,whlch
was 32 deg. Fahrenheit, stood at six o'clock yester-
day morning at 23 dog., and at noon at 19 deg. Fah-
lenheit, and to-day the weather is peroeitibly
colder.
An enormous block of stone, intended for the sta-
tue of Saint Jacques, which is to be placed on the
power of Saint Jacques la Boucherid, was drawn
along the Rue de RBlvoli yesterday, by a team of
eighteen horses. This stone was dressed out with
flags and branches of laurel, and the quarrjmen had
drawn on it the figure of a crowned eagle,and placed
on it all the tools used in its extraction.
The dfonittur publishes to-day the particulars of
the loan. Instead of five hundred millions-the sum
demanded-the amount subscribed is two milllards
one hundred and seventyfive millions of francs, or
twenty thousand ohe hundred and seventy-five mil'
lions of francs. 177,000 persons have taken part In
this subscription. The amount is thus divided:-
Rente, 3 per cents, 83,000,000.
e-ite, 4U per cents, 18,000,000.
126,000 subscribers are furnishel by the depart-
ments, whose subscriptions amount to 177,000,000.
From Paris, 1,398,000,000 francs is derived from
51,000 subscribers,
In the Paris suboscriptions are included those from
foreign countries, of which 'England furnishes 150
millions, and an equal sum is also supplied from
other European countries, such as Germany, Bel-
glum, Switzerland, &ac.
The subscriptions of 500 francs of rente, and
above that esum, amount to twenty-six millions for
the Three per Cent, and thirteen millions for the
Four and a -half, and thus form a capital of 836 mil-
lions, being 336 millions above the required loan.
The greatest animation prevailed at the Bourse
yesterday, the Treasury having begun to pay back
the deposits paid soy subscribers in excess or te
lowa, and thus a large amount of cas I was thrown
on the market in consequence of want had been sold
out by the purchasers, and who were now desirous
of reinvesting their money. This, added to the con-
fidence inspired by the astonishing resources of the'
country, as shown by the promptitude in which
euch an immense sum has been subscribed, gave
great buoyancy to the market, and caused a rather
considerable rise in prices.
General de Rtcard, first aide decamp to Prince
Jerome, and Dr. Hutin, first physician to toe Hotel
dee Invalides, left Paris yesterday morning for Mar-
selles, to swart the arrival of Prince Napoleon from
Cunstnbtinople.
M. Beneau, MJniter of France, who had returned
to Pans from the BuSth of Fiatoce, where he had
been spending some time for the beniflt of is
bealih, has been oideted by his medical attendancets
to pies the winner at Hyeree, and will arrive there
about the 20th. '
Prince Salsbey bas received a note from the Eog-
lish Consul, in whicn he i a required to rlease am.!
self from the Protectorate ot Raossia. Toe Freacn
Consul is to deliver a similar note.
Every dey only more confirms we in the sound-
ness oftre tiforination T have lately cmnveye. in my
letters respecting tue tr)bbilietis of pea e. No
bnhopes of .his kind exist he e, and the feelingi- or ex-
ultation geeitatea by e aoccetsslul rtaul of then
tionnJ Iesn e of a iastore wnma pnimie--sop-
poWD.r RuEsia tu be desire s of patb.hmg uno an ar-
rangemintl--bthe imp it'on of terms wai.h would
reteler her oaneLt almost Imposeible. Fr.re.c say
the ministeTall org.sne, has raid fIy her treasire tcat
witu n England ham spoke by her press-nutari nius
determination to prosecute the war. Therebre pat-
lies, however, not represented in the public jour-
nals, who declare loudly that they should not be
surprised if Eaglend were weakened in the firm-
nesef heralliausoce bythe psase negotiationthougn
nothi g should come of them. The morbid dread of
la pvefide Album is ready to instance itself on every
ociailon, and the knowledge of this is a powerful
engine in the batds of the Czar. Certain it ie that
something must shortly be done; either Eaglaad
must cease to take an active part in this struggle,
or a totalic new organization must take place.
Every traveller, as well as every officer who passes
through Paris, on his road from the East, more than
confirms the most graphic and often apparently
highly colored accounts of the deplorable seate of
the English army. I [saw an artillery general last
night, who declared, in the presence of those who
would be sure to report his words to the Horse
Guasie, that no language was sufficiently strong to
exaggerate the miserable wretchedness of that once
fine army. In literal rags, covered with filth, tied
up with hay bands, fed ske carrions sleeping in
cold and wet, and unsheltered from the mtdnigt
blast-fGcd help them! he said. Of Lord Raglan
there was but one opinion throughout-his utniter
incapacity. That while the army felt grateful for
the exceeding good sPirit and effectual aid shown
towards them by the French, the moral effect was
depressing in the extreme, and far.seeing men look-
ed ominously on the humiliating comparison that
was suggested by it.
Tne gay season stilt hangs fire, awaiting some
cause of public congratulation from the Est. Tne
Hotel deVolle is toshow offoneo0' its grand muani-
ocpal festivities on the 22d, and Monsieur Billault,
the Minister of the Interior, has given a balt; but
the Imperial Palaoise attersa no voice of Invitationto
Its goloen bowers. The English Ambassador, Lord
Crowley, flung open his splendid rooms to an Infant
pary on Tiueeay, when the children of some of the
ast French, English and American families were
gathered together to the number of some four or five
hundred. The greatest anxiety was manifested to
secure Invitations, but pains were taken that the lit-
tie people should not be overwhelmed or incommod-
ed by the gieat people. The balt commenced at 8
o'clock ano continued till 1 o'clock in the morning.
The quadrilles were arranged according to the
height of the children, each quadrille consisting
of fifty couples. The magnificent proportions of the
rooms- five In number- prevented all crowding, and
the effect of these little fairies bounding along, as
joimnig hand in haud, they executed thefinale, was
indescribably pleasing. As they rushed forward
and clustered themselves together, their lit mle voices
seeming to ring in with the music, and their ex.
quisite ifliputian toilettes reflecting all the colors of
the prism, they really looked lisean splendid bou-
quet of 'he most charming flowers, in welch you
felt inclined to plunge and bury yourself. At 12
o'clock the Supper room was flung open, and
such chorus of fun and laughter was never heard;
eome of the little mites could only just see the good
things en the buffet, and made a vain effort toatretch
their chins up *o high, and by and bye, therefore,
these were tobe seen with a plate of something savory
before them, and a fork almost as big as themselves
in hand, kneeling on the carpeted floor, while with
awkward grace they thus managed to guzzle into
their little mouhs the good things betne them.
BSome of them looked pictures for Raphel. There
were two little girls, about six or seven years old, of
theDuchees doe Bassano, that were tne theme of
universal admiration.
Lord Cowley-crdinarlly an austere, grave looking
man-thoroughly identified himself with his little
gnests, and arranged quadrilles and distributed bona-
bone in ouch a manner as must have won all their
hearts. Verily, children are the true lords of
creation, for it is they only who can with a look
bring grave statesmen and cunning diplomats to their
ownlevel. BesTru.


The Sound Dues.
[Copenhagen (Jan. 12) Correspondence of London News.]
The more frequent the opportunities that I have
of talking to intelligent Danes on the subject of the
Sound dues, the more convinced am I that if the
question were brought forward in a proper manner
by the nations most Interested in the abolition of
the nulsance and proposals of a tangible nature
offered to idemnlfy Denmark for the financial loes
the present liberal government would not be round
unwilling to treat on the subject. It is not so much
the money value of the toll that Is complained of,
as the delay and danger'of acoadeuts In that narrow
channel, where moreover fogs are very prevalent
and the coast low. A memorable case of delay
came under my own observation, which, though I
admit it may be a very extreme case, may be
worth recording. Many years ago, and before the
general introduotion of steam, had occasion to
visit a Baltic port, aind took a passage in & British
brig from ull. On our arrival at Elsinorae wo
were of course obliged to lay to and be overhauled.
Some doubts being expressed by the authorities as
to the coectness of the UBitest, we were ob'tlged


VOL. XX.


to anchor for the night, in doing which we e0.
changed signals with another vessel belonging to-
the same ehlpowners, which had arrived just-
before us, and was goilrg through the Soun&
'with 1he same fair wind waich had
brought us to Elslnore. The 1ex$ day,
when our ship's papers were cleared, we
found that the wind had chopped round to the s7uth,
and wasee blowing so treash right in our teeth that it
was deemed inimpracticattole to get up tae anchor-
That southerly wind held on without interaiission
for three weeks, and we were still lying at anchor
at Eisinore, when one morning we were surprised'
at seeing ounr consort slashing up with the wind,, and
making the most of it, for she was under douoblte
studding 1alls, She had actually been sp to S8. Pe-
tersburg (or rather Oronstadt),'discharged her car-
go, taken in a flesh one, and here she was more than
half way baca to Eogiand!
The view I took of tMe American question, as conm-
municated to you in my letter of the 5th instant, is
confirmed to my mind by Atatlticas, and I here ven-
ture to repeat tat Mr. President Pierce's threaten-
ed Interference ought to be looked upon with suspi-
oion, for te flag otf the United States is interested
in the navigation of the Baltic only to a most insig-
Difcalnt extent-less than per cent.
The statistical tables ot the Sound lists, for the.
year 1854 not being yet officially published, I will
iake those for the two oreceding ones. Oat of 21,-
P86 ships of all nations that passed the Sound b ilh
ways in 1853, only 96 were American, anl bat 7G in
1852 out of 17,563. Therefore, the aggregate share
of their flag in the Balti trade during those two-
Sears amounts to'0.44 100 of the wnhle. But it must
also be remembered that all sbios passing the Sonma
count double in these statistical tables, fir tney are
counted for one when they go into the Baltic, and
again when they come out, so that the actual num-
ber of American abi',s passing the S;und in 1853
wasbut 48, aid in 1862 only 38.
It being important in the present ea-ly state of
the question which is "looming in the distance," bat
must soon be brought under serious consideration,
that your readers may form an adequate idea of the
relative interests of the maritime nations in general,
and tte preponderating participationof the British
flag in particular, I make no apology for sendingyou
the following tables, with tue official figares:-
IST o 7TS SHIPS OF ALL NATIONS THAT Pe lm Tit E SOUi)
I Tins YEAns 1852A AS.1D 15 .
Average yer
centageofthe
Flag. 1852. 1953. two years.
1. British............. 3,902 4,65 22.90
2. Norwegian........ 3,020 3,393 16.48
3. Prussian.......... 2,819 3,487 12.28
4. Swedish.......... 2,100 2,107 10.50
6. Dutch.......-..... 1,691 1,875 9.70
6. Banish........... 1,464 2,0905 9.07
7. Russian........... 946 1,202 6.55.
8. Mecalenburg...... 771 1,103 480
9. Hanoverian....... 545 743 3.89,
10. French............ 283 345 1.80
(Lubeck ........... 136 39
11.- Hamburg......... 47 4 1.16
(Bremen........... 22 31),
12. Oldenburg........ 188 230 1.06
13. All others, incln-
dingthe American) 135 183 0.81
Total..........7.....1,563 21,586 100
BOOmD Lis r PO RTE TER YEAS, 1844-1853 InCLUSIvE.
.Sis... ..., .
14......................................... 17,332
18456...........1................................ 15,90
1846.......................................... 18,765
1847......................................... 21,825
1848........................................... 16,857
1849............................. ......... 18,959
1860......................................... 19,070
1851.................................... ..... 19,919
1852......................................... 17,563
1863......................................... 21,586
Average of the years........................ 18,761.
Although, as I said before, the tables for 1854
have not yet been published, they have been made
up, and having-been favored with a sight of them, I
am enabled to give you the following particulars:-
The total number of ships that passed the Sound In
1864 was only 16,469, showing a railing of 5,000
vessels as comLpaed with the year birore, and 2,300
less than the average ot the previo3sten years.
Such a result is not to be wondered at, and is the
natural consequence of the war and the blookadeof
the Rossian ports. rhe greatest falling oil Is in the
number of British ships (2,600 or mo e than one-
half), the Russians (1,052), toe Prossiaen (400),and
t.e Danish (300). .he number of American ships
was only 18, though figuring in the list for 36,a8
they cleared at Elsinore on entering the Baltil, arid
again on leaving it. ,
According to the Danish budget for 1833-54,
which Is available I r oar present consideration, as
war was Pot trIought of when It was franed, the re-
venne from thq Sioond. Belt. and Holsttin C.iaaldaes
was estimated at 2,081 000 Daishn nrx doudlara, of
which about a million and a half, or 150,000, are
derived from the Soucd dues alcne.
'Ibis som divided amongst the average annual
numberof ships aounng the last ten pears (18,750,)
would give the tam of S for each ship each way.
But it must not be forgotten that about three qasr-
ters of the Sound dues falls on the cargo, and not
quite ce quarter on the ship, and as byfar the
greater part of the American navigation up the
Baltic belongs to what Is called the carrying trade,
that is to say, carrying cargo for acco at of Ruesian
or English merchants, the whole eightt Or toe
BSound ones tha fellon the Americoanein 1852'wasthe
petty sum of 192,152in 1853, and only 72 in 1854.
With such insignificant interests atatake, for which,
moreover, they have the advantage of a well found
chai n of lighthouses ail through the dangerous parts
of the chabr nel, it cannot seriously be supposed that
they will risk a war with Denmark, or If they do,
tat they must have another and hitherto secret m8-
tive for a hostile demonstration. A clue to thia
policy may perhaps be found in the offerofthe
United States to mediate between Russia and her
opponents, which however is not likely to meet
with any serious consideration on eitilhe side.
But the above tables show us which are the na-
tions really interested in the abolition of the Sound
dues. It appears that England absorbs nearly one-
fourth of the whole Baltic trade, Norway and Swe-
den together another quarter, and Prussia and Hol-
land together a third quarter. If those government
therefore, were to come to an understanding on the
subject amongst themselves, and then make a joint
proposal to Denmeik for the commutation of the
Sound duese, thee is certainly no reason to expect
that such an offer would be rejected. Let us hope
that some influential and patriotic member will he
found willing to bring the subject undero- the notice
of Parliament, and that toe Chambers of Comierce
in our principal Ports and manufacturing cides
would support the demand for a revision, and, even-
tually, the abolition of those most obnoxious Sound
dues, there can be little doubt of, especially if the
question be taken up with spirit by "the fourth es-
tate." ___"

Chevalier WlMkoff and Lord Palmerston.
[From Perth (Scotland) Northern Warder.]
Lord Palmerston has got- himself into a scrape
similar to that in which Lord Clarendon out so sorry
a figure some time ago. He appears to have em-
pleyed in the autumn of 1850 a seedy fallow known
as the Chevalier Wikoffior Nithofi, "to make known
clearly, through the French, and the United States
press, the liberal, and especially the paciflc charac-
ter of the policy of her Majesty's government." If
ber Msjesty's government nave no better use than
this for the Secret Service Money, Is would be an
act of mercy to them to cut off all supplies of that.
sort in future. Wlkoff is one of those talented en-
tlemen, who perambulate toe world living on their
wits. A year or two ago, he was convicted at
Genoa of a scandalous outrage on a lady, and sen-
tenced to filteen mombs' penalimpisunment. Whelk
we nnd government employing a fellow of thi stem p
to enlighten the world on the policy of England,
the question is euggested-how many apparently
spontaneous expresalons of opinion in qutitfrs the
most umuepected may be due to government Inapti.
nation? We do not believe that any such prsotice
prevails, but why shouldd government go heedlessly
and 0o needlesely give fair ground for suoa an iast-
nuation. _
Onr WheelIng Correspondence.
WBlKL IN0,Jan. 28, 1855.
The State of the 1'eotfdr--Trauet Unmterrupted
with the West- Baliimore and Ohio Rait'oad
and Cestral Otio Roilroad lnjunctsos Case, 4-c.
Affairs here just now wear a gloomy aspect, 'in
consequence of the river having been closed within
the past few days, though manufacturers have
shipped off nearly all their stock on hand, conasat-
lag chiefly of iron, nails and paper.
The connection between the Central OhioBRilroad


and the Baltimore and Ohio road is and wilfl be kept
pen by their ferry boat, the Interchange, thus al-
owing travellers to the great West the benefits an4d
advantages to be derived from the Southern route.
We have bad some heavy snow, and it is now
freezing vely haid .. .. .
At an election held one week ago for city officers,
the Know Nothinga elected a Mayor, City Sergeant
aud town Counclt.
The injunction granted at the last sitting of the
Superior Court of thil State, against the Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad forming a connection with the
Central Ohio RaUlroid, wiw, It is thought, not be en-
forced. S0. LmoE.,
Political Intellgenee.
ML. HILLYEB DBOCLIlS A RB-gLgCrloN.
Hon. Junius Hilyer, who represents the Sixth Con.
gresalonal district of Georgia In the present Congress,
has written a letter to his constituents declining a nra-
election,.
REMOVAL OF A KVNOW NOTHING rOSTMABTa.
The Boston Bee states that Mr. Slas Bruce has been
removed from the office of postmaster or yes Townsend,
Matss., on suepicelon of beng a Know Nothing.











:NO. a45

#sBmnnrVffxL iorawzas.
S Our Harrisburg Correspondence.
S. HA.IRaSURmto, Jan.25, 1855.
ik &nOri SledtiO-ht Candidates-Angotr
Portrait-Mr. Cameron and theA ram Nolhings
-- rrrtinsg Revelations, 4-c., f4c.
In a former communication I gale a daguerreo-
type of his ex Excellency (3vernar Johnston, to-
gether with a birdseye view of the mean and ap-
pliances that he was using to confirm his pretensions
to the Senatorial dignity of the State. Maine law
men, per se, will not have failed to chronicle the
fact that the Irish whig Know Nothing aspirant,
and especially since the weather has batted so
valiantly to adjust its temperature to zero, or to i
some point contiguous to that locality, had totally
abjured future's beverae, iced water, and had pliedI
most freely the more sensible and exhlllrating and
humaniuing restorative, ti whiskey punoh, qp en-t
sdearedby name, assoclaion and early potation to
-the land of his birh-bhli first drink, and his traus-
atlanti3 importation, and subsequent continuous uae
and practice.
Leaving his ex Excellency to supervise the brew.
cry and to meet the In ird-nate demand which his
'whiskey tactics and the freezing weather hive crea- I
ted, we purpose, with your permissi )n, to sketch
another and a prominent candidate for the sama
dignity,, premising, that whilst his daguerreo;ype
may present essentaiUy different outlines, the filling
:up, after al%, will present no very striking oontrarle-
ties. This, perhaps, Is inseparable from the genus
Vitlqiciman, generally, and whilst the species may .c-
-casionally, and doessasimilate to truth and fair deal'
tg, the ex optionn only proves the truth of the gene-
ralrule or axiom, that all are, more or less, addicted ,
to wily maneovringe, double dealings, trickery
and positive deceit. Sim on Cameron, whome sket6 t
ware now attempting, like his "llustaious prede-
cessor,"has filed a large spacesin the public eye,
and like him Is unquestionably a man of some note
andlesoldertion in the State. He is a man of money.
Wrapped up in the toga of Senatorial dignity, and
compiasens in his dreams of personal couseqaenog
'and renown, he boldly repudiated "the trading fel-
lows," and claimed the honor as the Intelligent meed
of praise to distinguished personal merit. Ift was a
most delightful, and, had 1 been true, would have
constittted a most pleasing remIcnioeic; but ua- '
fortunately for the enrapturing delusion, the term
expied, and his ambition, not Set fed to satiety
'upon the asarfloes he had instituted for the "coun-
.try's good"-the fed statute of &he State interposed
.alestby whic~wua decIsively to be adjudged the
truth or falsity oa his estimate of elt and: services.'
'Najdeitlt, In a ,olltisal sense, are most sensible
things gend.aly'by which to determine the figure,
weight and Mt of politicians; and Cameron, fully
aware of tjivery important test, has consulted, and
mis nw oonulting, every means and appllaunee by'
whbIhthe eamay be ma4e to kiok in his slayor.
romiasefu-Vl tree generous and glorious-haTiavl g
avalled bind I the first instance, am now enlarged
't&d libenuald to an almost incredible extent;'
a d combined with the moat sooial, sumptuous
ald recherchl dinners and suppers, are deatinels to I
operate upon all such as are.to be reached .thrngh
such mediums, and to em ure their suffrage .
Asmight be1 lectured from a politician of hip
, no6wn'Nohlw veM and canning, the myateri )us e
rnow Nothings have not shaped his ken, and some
.ichand trtulaLdevolopemenae are made in reter
anen to his positve connection therewith. Let me'
- olustrate a little, Previously to, and pending thea,
- le October elections, the honorable gentleman, in I
nietles lf speeches, and-in the forms or priambles I
ant', oonsif, inDauphlncountysandothet planes,
,in the inat jviruleat and coarse style denounced the'
.noiNk 4nnp "as a band of midnlgnit conspira-.I
tesenemle to.the constitution and traitors to the1
trtes of hospitality." The election came, the re.,
atrbs began to pour In, and the indisputable fact
was rdade perfectly transparent that the de aonno
ed, slandered,' tipedzeil Know NothinJug wete a.
31g4 t ,ow4. i .the Ssate, hsvlDgposltdely at oue
b' tiglq itou^tp silent and dumb every whig and
adeilcsat"lirtl tate. On the very night of tbe,
eleeton,-cnd beforethe teturns were complete,.bqt
ot small KnewYothingam had rolled up its mijo- 1
, ities by cguntles 'thousands, Oameron moit coo-
ederamtelyrent inwhis written Applifattoa for menm-
W slp;t.Ihfch, by some, was' regarded ae deficient
in the elements -of kncerity and good falth, as It
,s.a.knnt faot that he bad that very, d voted
guai .t)Pllock, tbh nominee of oe Knw othlngs, i
1Atp Mthp&per, theTlHasiaigimmaIs through I
,qwt.$hea 1 e nosamai was relenusaw zn& its oppo-i
1- jitaa(.MiMeon,r. hewtvar,,> was -favorabty'
hacicd*Bp, an fie was fully indoctuiuate Into all I
*'wdidas and myeteriosqf tflt mysterious bdy,
: ing p ole 'tttorwoax and persuade i t to b is
' nfUgle5upl.ePon. Cameron Is e-featly onrag-
tured t tbe'myasterimus felIo --thelr dogms.
.-are a capitol ones--wonder that suchia idea had
n sever entered his prolific briin, as the very sal-
vation of the country is dependent on Its universal
s iay antd. adoption; and so zealous a co-worker has
tie become, that, 'tis asseverated that he now can
Bi-ell an Irishman or Dotchman quite as far away
saeJob's here scented the battle field. The game is
.Ully understood, and ps to be forewarned Is to be
'.orear ied, his tactics will inevltaoly terminate in
hiadeleat. Cameron is" very good looking, but he
can't ome 'in" th winter. More anon.
... 'LIOR el DES.
' -' .. HAiSAeMSOaU JAn. 29, 1855.
jtmpvrt'at'Ailroad Question-Erie dad NVrtfhall
'.. Railroad C.ompamf---Projects in the Legisldaur
'.Toching't--Their Pi-went Pjisition- The United
$ f.aiep.. Snafm-sahip-Johnston, Cameron and
f*Vut. ,"* ,
*- "I'a, .nabei to send you two important docu-
ments of consequence to the railroad interests or
'yeurcy. ,They concern the o'arter of the Erie
and Northeast Rdilroad Compaay, and are connect-
'ed with the railroad troubles which have existed for
. 4re t& sa year in, and in the neighborhood of, the
city of' Elie, in this State. The road of the Erie
pd Nrfepat Company extends from Erie east to
bhe NewiTyork State line, and was authorized to be
fdilt, u*der certain restrictions, by an act passed
April 12, 1842. Some of the restrictions have been
dhireiarded. One required the Toad to run from
the burgh of Erie to some point on the east bound
...of the township of Northeast." ft does not so
. ppn,.the wpitern terminus of the road baing outside
of what were the burgh limits of Erie in 1812, when
"the charter was granted. Another was, that the
Toad should be so constructed "as not to obstruct
cr bmpdle the free use of any public road, street,
"ane, or bridge, now laid ncm, opened or built, or
Interfere with any burial ground, dwelling house or
b uiling, without the consent of the owner." It
icees interfere with a portion of one street so as to
make any considerable us of it for other than rail-
road purposes alm',st imoossible; it ioterferes with
" iM streets in crossing them on bridges toi low and
narrow-for the large wagons paasing one another, or
for a single wagon with a bulky load; it interferes
with two other streets In crosing them on an em-
tankment, which is considerably above grade, and
has asltch on each side, thus completely stopping
l passage along these streets by any kind of vehi.
cle; and it so interferes with part of the Buffalo
road, in Harbor Oreek township, as to make part of
it Impomible to be used. For these and other
lessons, the Supreme Court of this State passed a
decree is September last, requLring the company.
within lour mounts from date, to break up so much
of their road as lies on tee streets asa the Baffa'lo
cead-to make the burgh of Erie with the limits it
bad In 1842, or some point therein the western
seerminus of their road, and to recoustruct the parts


thus ordered to be been up, unler plans and spe-
clcficlona to be submitted to and approved by toe
Supreme Counrt. This decree ha nor. yet been ca-mriel
intoeffect; andl thereisa prospectof legislative inter-
ference. Petitions were presented in the early part
of the resston for the amendment of this ol carter.
on which the Judictar y Committee of the HBona of
Representatives reported on Saturday last favorably
by the introouction of the following bilh:-
An actl to repeal thIe charter f tthe Erie and ,Vnlorlha
Railroad Company, and to promde for disposng r'
thie same: -
Whereas, on the twelfth day of Apr;I, A.D. one thou-
sand eight hundred and forty two, an act was passed by
the General Assembly of this Commonwealth, eothil-d
--An act to incorporate the Erie and Northeast Raoilro-l
Company, and for other purposes,'" tO conatruct a rail
road from the borough of Erie to t bhe boundary line
Of thbe township of Northeast, bei'hew YorV. State
line; And whereas, by the tenth f of thI said act,
it wax enacted that "'If the crci y aforesali do oat
complete the said work so as to bring into iss within
ten years after the passage of the said act, or shall suffer
thesame to go into decay, &c ,then the charter scall
become null and void, and by the eleventh section of the
same act. It is provided that If the said company hall
misuse or abuse any of the privileges thereby grauteld,
the Legislature might resume the rights and prisi-
leges an granted to the said railroad company.
And wheiean., it has been judicilally determined at the
lanst September term of the dupreme Court ot tbis corn
mouwePalih, lttinl in and for the Western district there-
-of, that the said railroad company have net completed
their al.-i oad between the points named anl fixed in
sald charter ap to and at the ias oef said decision, al-


NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, FEBRUAiR 4, 1855.


though the period In which the same was to be finished
and brought into use had expired on the twelfth day of
April A,D one thousand eight hundred and fifty two,
and that the said company have violated their charter In
sasming to make an unauthorized and illegal location
of the said road, it is now, therefore, the Judgment of
this legislature, that by reason of the omission to com-
plste and bring into use the said road within the period
aforesaid, by virtue of the said acts In violation of the
charter aforesaid, the aid charter ao granted to the
Erie and Northeast Railroad Company has become entire-
ly null and void, and in pursuance of the right re-
served to the commonwealth lIn the said act of. ineor
portion to resume all and singular the privileges
and franchises granted to the same ; therefore,
Be It enacted, &c., That ell and singular, the rlgits
and privileges heretofore granted to the Erie ad N orth-
east Railroad Company by the act of Assembly, authoriz-
ing the Governor to Incorporate the same, passed the
twelfth day of April, A. D. one thousand eight
hundred and forty-two or by any act of the General As-
sembly supplementary thereto, be and the same are here-
by rescinded, revoked and utterly and forever annulled.
Sec. 2. That the Governor of this commonwealth be,
and he is hereby, authorized and directed to take such
measures as may be deemed necessary tor the enforcing
and carrying into effect the provisions of the toregoimg
section, together with all and singular such incidents or
consequences as may legally attach to the revocation
aforesaid, and to take possession of, or cause to
be taken possession of, the said railroad so far
as the same has been constructed, and to appoint a
suitable person or persons to take the charge and custo-
dy thereof, until the same shall be farther disposed of
according to law;and the compensation of such person
or personal so appointed as aforu'Jid shall not es,-eel
the rate of fifteen hundred dollars per annum.
S&c 3 That it shall be the duly of any sheriff" or any
county ofthis commonwealth and of all good c;atizeo
thereof, whenever warnedor required by the Qovernor, or
the person or person so by him appointed as aforesaid,
to aid and assist tn the discharge of the aforesaid ser-
vice, and they shall be, and are hereby indemnifed by the
commonwealth In all they hall lawfully do under and in
obedience to such requisitions and commands. ,
Sec. 4 That as sheoon after tee Governor shall have
caused possession to be taken of said road, under this
act as practicable, be shall cause notice of the same to
be served on the president of said company personally,
or by copy 1o be lelt at ihi office of thesame, it shall be
lawfil for him, and he is hereby authorized, to testres
the possession of the said road to said company, on the
following conditions, which said conditions the said com-
pany on accepting the same shall, by a vote thereof,
enter on their boeks, as conditions of the renewal of theLr
charter and in consideration of the privileges hereby
granted to them.-
L The said company shatl, by a proper divergence east
of the limits of the city of Erie, construct and extend
their road to the harbor of Erie on such leveland in such
manner as to permit sideltngs or tracks to the wharves
or docks conveniently for the transportation ot mer-
ohandise and freight to and from vessels and steamboats.
11. That said road so extended Shall be oonstruoted
and finished by the time fixed by 'law. wherein the
Cleveland, Palnesville and Ashtabula Railroad Company
are bound by law to extend the track or tracks of their
road to the harbor aforesaild, and to he commenced
within three months from the date of this act.
DI. That the said company shall on the completion
of the road to the harbor aforesaid, change the guage
thereof from then to the New TuYork State line to a
uniform guage of four feet eight and a half obince, or
six feet, at their option, and maintia the same
therdat.
IV. That the said company may maintain the said
road as it is now located at and in the city of Erie, un-
til thq time fixed as aforesaid for the completion of their
road to the harbor aforesaid, when they shall move the
same, together with all bridges. embankments aod su
perstructures, from the said point of divergence to the
present terminus of the said road, eisayinc the ground,
streeis and alleys free and clear from the eame
Ied. 6. That on the acceptance of the terms of this aet
as herein provided, and in a'nmanaersatisfctory tod the
Governor, then and In that case all the righbLs, privi
leges and franchises granted and conferred on said erom--
-pasy by the act ofJncorporation, passed Itl Olayof4prtil,
Annio'Dlomini one thousand eight hundred and forty-two,
are hereby re enacted and conferred on the same as fully
as by said act they were originally granted and cepnfer.
red and the said company may, at any time aLter com-
mencing vork to extend their road as aforesaid to the
harbor of Erie, Increase their capital stock to the extent
of four tnoquand shares but before doing so, the said
cotnpany, by Ts president, shall cauelot be certified. un-
der the seal of said company, and died in the Auditor
General's office, the acceptance of this act by the com-
pany, and its resolution agreeing to b} .bood by the
eame.
Sec. 6. That from and after the epirsation of the time
limited lot the poppletion., q( tbe Erje and lort SE t
Railroad to the harbor afdresiia'll cotneotion south' of
said harbor, with any road inunnng westwardly, shall at
once cease, and no such connection shall be permitted at
any other point than at the barber aforesaid.
This is tbhe bill recommended by theJadl ,lary
Committee ofth6 House to be pated, and it will be
seen, covers the whole ground claimed by the people
ol Erie.
But a counter project hia also been submitted. It
was read In place on Saturd y, by Mr.Rise, of
Crawford county, but referred to the Comnittee on'
the Judiciary. The friends of toe bill witted it sent
to the Railroal Cumnmlttee, and an animated debate
eansued, in which every reason was given by esery
debater for preferring eiter committee except the
right reason-that he thought the report, from the
sone of his choice would-be mire agresatbleto.hits
lhbest,' Thi voteWwas clone one; nbut the Hoame
was not fall. I presume toe onmanittee wid report
upon it In a few.days,aud moat likely uajavorably.
It.wil be ee it takes essentially different ground
from the' former bill, and is taoughi sto have been
sent here be the company, or some party in its in-
lernst. I subjolDfull ooDy of It:-
Siippilertel to the Act Incorporating the Erie and North
ot Raflrolad Contpaniy.
See 1. Be It enacted &,.. That the Erie an. Nort'h-
east Railroad, as originally located and contructed, be,
and the same Is hereby, legalized and ecntlrmed, and de-
clsared to be in fall compliance with their act of Incor.
portion, passed April 12 1842, and the supplements
thereto, anything in the said act or supplements, or any
acts or omissions of the said company to the contrary
notwithlstandig. Provided that the said railroad com-
pany are hereby anthorired and required to diverge from
their main lind within the city ofr Erie at say point be
tween Freneh and German sir. eta, asd from thence to
extend and construct their road so as to pass nort0 of
their original line and across the depot grounds of said
company and Sassafras street.
fee. 2. That as soon as the Sanbury and Erie Rail-
road Company shall have bona fide commenced their
work within the city of Erie, and prosecutmg the same
on fifty miles of the west end of their road, or the Erie
city Railroad Company shall have commenced their work
in like manner, the said Erie and Northeast Railroad
Company shall, either by themselves or In conjunction
with one or both said roads, construct a branch from
their main line to the harbor of Erie, in all respects cx-
cpt grades, equal to their main line divrgtng from
their said main line east of Parach street, or at or near
such point as theSnnbiry and Erie Railroad shall cross
the said Erie and Nbrtheast Raliroad. And further pro
vided, thai the Cleveland, Painesville and Ashtabula
Railroad Company shall construct a branch from their
main line to the said harbor of Erie, diverging from their
said main line west of Liberty screer, making a connec-
tion with the fist-mentioned branch or branches from
the east, north of Second street, and thereby forming a
loop line with the main line, and which branch herein
required to be constructed by the Cleveland, Palnesville
and Ashtabula Railroad Company shal be instead and
place of the bran h of said read required to be con
structed by virtue of the act paused May 5, 1854. relating
to the Slnbhry and Erie and Cleveland and Paiaesville
Raihoad companies.
fec. 3. That the Er;e and Northbrast Railroad Com-
pany shell make such change or change, and pay all
the expenses thereof, in the public roal Cillel the Bulla-
In road, In the township of HarborCreek, between Mil.
lend's station and the saw mill, contiguous to the line of
the railroad boult by Lane and others, as the Commis
sioners of Harbor Creek township may indicate and ob-
tale the locallon of, by proceedings unier The provisions
of the general law uf 1830, entitled an act relating to
roads, highways and bridges-all expenses to be paid by
the said railroad company. And provided further, that
all switches, turnouts, depots, and other appurtenances
shall be so constructed as to avoid the making up ci
trains of cars across any of the following named streets
ol the city of Erie, to wit:-Peach, Stale, French, and
Parach stceene.
ci-C 4. That for the purpose heretofore mentioned,
end for any other legitimate purpose, the said company
are hereby authorized to issue any amount, not exreed-
ing three hundred thousand dollars of coupon bonds, in
amounts noct less than one hundred dollars, each bearing
an inlerest of net more than seven per cent. and to dis.
pree of the same at such rates as they may think advisa-
ble, and to execute a mortgage if they think It advisa-
ble, to secure the payment of the ortecipal and interest
thereof, at such time as they may deem It expedient.
Sec. 6. That all acts and parts of acts hereby alter-
ed or supplied~in any wise inconsletent herewith, be, and
the same are hereby, repealed.
The probabillltie are, them will be a very htndsame
fight In the Legislature on this vexed question.
The Senatorial canvass cintinues-Jonnuson and
Camneron still apparently the leading candidates,
the latter losing ground. The camues of this a-e two-
loll, let. The intended re.publlnstlou, tlis week, of
a large edition cf an official Congressional document,
exposing Get Cameron's connection with the die-
bhnuetoent of the Winnebago Indian rned In 1838.
I am told 10 000 copies of tois report are to be print-
ed, and that itwili be generally circulated over the
btste. Tte election, It is !eared, would partially
identify the new party with bis past. transactions,
giving It a load to cary which they "tear might
prove too heavy for its years. Nex t year, there will
be, to present, t Indications suggest, a combination of


"old liners," whig and de-n ito, agil ns the
Americans, and it is not coalaered judicusa to
embarrass the party with the anteadents 0
General Cameron. No one can doubt the. wis-
dom of this reasoning, ana it is having a decisve
effet Upon the General's chances. James Veech,
of Payette county, is on the ground. He Is a tall,
rather good looking man, and occupies a ommand-
ingposition at the bar of the West. e H9 is making
frieds, but has come in late. Still, his present
obscurity may eventuate in his ultimate selection as
a compromise candidate, His bhailing from the West
favors the Idas. He Is from Micontown, the former
residence of Senator Daniel Sturgeon, who was cele-
brated scur Senatorial snorer for twelve years.
_____ SENTIrNE.
Our Liancaster Corarespondence.
LANOASTER, Pa., Feb. 1,1855.
;Municipal ectimcn--te Know Ni'othaings About-2%T
Mayoralty CancUdatea-Lectwe on Amewricanis, dc.
We are ln the midst of our munlclpalele9tion excite
ment; the election is to be beld on Tuesday next (thi
6th). The cause of the excitement is the unheard of


267


combllnationsthat havebeenmadeto defeatthe cgu mind, and enlarged views upon all subjects." So Glen. Duf Green on the, Taf. states, de gaw to there West India plaLt
d.datoftfar s .hepwand teroupty-vatehate"Ar-ter is concerned, Mr. Rush Ten Bo,. ._HTs- *.0,t0,nothoamunhasanindent e forem.
s ofre s y. Buatletme ptiOabl andIsapposehe iht flad his taipating their slaves a intfort

on, ad th yon t te AOwnl tho whic t tOr that Sodom two or three times have resolved to modify the tarff, "preserving the t .market with tropical products. lore i ee
cut the Uslon and the world, (as the HBBALiI eq o? nothing shout olitis nor principle of the tariff of 1846." The principle bered, tat the emucation Of & West India
readl.o --- -.ver..thworld,)tthathoLancaster Isl WeraEly eStat eia a r olleA sta a tew a eolaves, d the repeal the Wesdt India monoy ot,
Gve with living, breathing, speaking, voting Know Bston sn id of Charles Br Brown, "a perfect duty. The conatitutlon makes It the duty o Con.- enterprise, were cotemporaneos measures. aue
Nothings, and they will elect their whole oiket,Ia s rhaeobisa fa words." grees to "regulate our commerce with foreign n- that each was part of a system for the piomoLionOE
spite of the fusion that has been got up by the old T o en i r t cneion wer tiou," and also "to cola money and regulate it's, British commerce.
Iu I~m disY 41 d Do you not see that the tendency of the war wi*
fogy whigp and democrats. otsm i of. W lavednm Eglish gotre otw value." To regulate is to impose rules aand res-c Russia is to anmask the mtives of Engl and, a
The Know Nothing candidate for Mayor Is Jaoob sasaioN, a good while ago, and is a man of tins. Tbepower thus given to regulate con- that the intcllignt Americans of the Northern
Albright, an old Jefferson American democrat, who stime talents, a shoemaker by trade, but left mere with foreign nations, as we ll as the power to States must ee that, if slavery in our Southern
,.as been a pioneer inthe cause of honestyin politics e assome years since for better bus- on oney and "regule Its v,,t created an o-. e State he bolted Eaglan an en obtain Stton,
agM~ainst U the cim ......Bchna dness, and is 'it not a little remarkable I inst sugarricelateItsvcratds aobISt esbe and tote, heaper In c ndiat in exchange
against the corruptions of Buchanan democracy, every member of the craft in the convention voted ligation to protect the value of money from the in- fosur her manufactres, than they can be obtained
that have so disgraced the State and the nation, against bit. But mechanics have not mu -h love cldental derangement of the currency, which must from free labor elsewhere-the effect must he to
The fusion candidate is the present Mayor, roneanoter, and by way of uphlding thedig- be the inevitable conseqence of an unregulated, compel the people sof the Norethen Sates to pay tei-
Christian Kieffer. He has some strength am ng r eyvoe o a a wer. oen here thtisantstriotedcommer with foreignR outetooEngiand, in the shape of profits on Eat In-
.h working'mewas Mr. n.o A Pennimn. an old stage horse, always t. eontrt that th dlatroduce? And do younot spe that the tendennr
the working men of his own Iron foundry, 'and true and faithful to hisparty, although leading on is; nd I am prepared to demonstrate that the of these facts must be o enlist a conservative inlin-
































J~ighbe, --n c o n he tio s m S a Rm i ap I reln adn h O .110 1 15 e nto M H n as 'elt e -~e obee t or ]i ts ,ero h r o ooo ve rrr o tso mu e u sl t ed o Sp linh t 5f o n ser v a tiv e rn ule
these, In connection with "'Ro Ireland the opos n to Mr. Bthsl -he thrown over- contractions and expansions of our currency, which fence in ihe North to unite wita therSouh in main-
e a g G n a of rtAo= Phe tasa a without the slightest compoction. His pit is the duty of Congress, as far as possible, to pro- tainting the rights and interests of the South, if the
facility in roping 14 to his anpporf-give him SouthS^^ ^ ^ doteseaieitbelo rtoadaoi mwi or,, te mdnss of. put
and semrnengath o whiT hore haseangore a fortids are vrsu a bht e e andtot douh etiu semus the an o nell tabldto low ratetof advaiosreon So u do et noI the m ess of-payzeel, takoe
fility In s ropingo i t hi support-giv hi T himself i much.moetifledf a re wa eravery eaon- vente" a tnetwor ig s
him some show of strength. There am in co.ne-. ated pnhz. Cha.nW.nCarrigean, too, was a candidate, duties. j native bor cities, in a movement ntheA tendency of
t ,on with the party already named about a do.asu butfaredono better than other aspirants. His o- It i also said that many prominent Southern which must be to strengthen the Soth, oby creating
oodquutvoie his often inspired the democracy to democrats desire to get a democratic congressional national Isue, common so the North and the
because they see tbe "gloIy departing from them,', action, while his own deeds attest li.devoton d ale to So l oeot oes a- outh, in which the North end the SouthwSl uanite
ai.d tha they can no longr rule Lancaster couty- party; but these corsidsatious were powerless in caucus to denounce the American party. Believing as one people, fr the maointeane io our free gov-
and s out the same number of Buchanandemoorats, the contest-aonew man most be taken-an untried that the new party organization wai do much to ernment upon the basc on which it was established
with their few hanger on, camp followers, thit m .e one, too; but, unles I am mistaken, the politicians alla the sectional jealousy and arty feeling which by ou fa e o f a. .
up the "fuion" that are to elect Mr. Kleefer. Wa re will absent themselves from the pols one day ofe n he j.hl.es tnepr fo hthe byorfe athr o s? ugt l O thn
It ot for Rome (the Irish and German Cathoic the election, and thus let the candidate do soy a e North against the South, andthat ils dencyof party organization las b een to array he
churches), and the lager bier houses, there would tohistlevel. Shouldethis be din., the adminletra. tendencies will betounite the North without the S Nrth a nthe Sonthin amiserabloe and dis-
not be 250 voles against the American or Ki'iw tion will be sorely vexed; but it will serve them I venture toN address youand throughout, the graceful struggle for-the Presidency. What is de-
































tuoum 6e&donrrousuyto secureo ge, 001 struggle fortbrPresidency.uwhatw19 oie
Nothing candidate; so youemay see what the ohairaiter right. ae ht rnsetts momaryor what is whlggIerybut a,-otbi'tar
of t, "fusion" p is that the Americana have to con- "isf" has not yet named his man forth Senate,- State rights patrol tcSouth a. contiollfr ed by the worst elements of each party, who
































Of dlBanxQiou s tpon the Americanspe Is u, e eIvane tot u u woftee con.mele~o puo~se ndo um h~atIdi od t ~ ar te xreetteoo
tendwith. But I must mike ona e correotioa:n there though it Is understood that Henry Piratt will find a I add yo an intelligent Sonthe states- are constantly making newlise and erechtngnew
is one other olas in the fusionn" thatdeservenotlce lodge In some vast wilderess, and be selected. If man, thbe friend and .ompatrieot of alhonan, possess- platform, the sole end and pnerpose of which i to
-two ta colectorawhowill have to walk tihe plank o, he will be elected by a large majority, unless the inasmuch, r corem ore, of the onfl. t of the e ht elect a party President? And do not you seethat
as soon as the electi is opver They are wrathy old party ogile s sse.- sA Disen c. s o th annothermb uru. long as toe peope are divided on lofal sectional
and are wbus tryio break Oie w- great, mani tan any Other member of Congress; issues, the conkesi tfor the Presidenry must necess-
A few of the r grayari leaders of the Or Chicatgo Correspondence. knowing that it was the purpose of his public life to yru be, whether the Northern, tie Southern, the
paty are foolish enough to tIEnk they can sell the Cno COaoo5Il., Jan. 28,1855.; unite, firt the South, and then the Soucth and the atern., or the Western candidate be chosen? as,
































If uwllellw [a y W h i tof blaste f e Aor t e n u b r wa nde oz0 r a g
the whole "silver gra" whig pay of Later fr tdo m ow Storm in lloies-The steete -of Noth, that the North and the South, united, might that the necessary consequence of such a contest is.
county to n fusion ticke t to be dot op by them and c re ego Ehsrkodrd-Go rigs of rndaorae,-s at act ton enable sectional demagogues to create sectimsus
a fewlooa oleaders;tteywiln themselves caB ckaded-ons of rner at act ogeter the maintenance ofes upon which they Will array the North against
awfully.mistakenwhente om'o trietnitk- railroads BloTksd Up-Thre e ine- iterests, In the great conflict for commercial and the So h? And doyounotsee, tnwhatisavowedao
It comes to Lancaster county, whigs having dIred Pqssengrr Dtlainedon the Open Prairie finaiolal supremacy, the coming of which e fore- bthe purpose of he "AmericanParty, heossi
t oe ml e ne ces, theo e e tw cratseen d"huso K no"1wit h l' ^ "ion at S p ui hl J S r en ded T hc Sp ra, saw n d foretold I on proof th at h e U e l understood a new organic xa t hIo u m ore co ts stent w iit h that om we r
theirdoldoenemies, the democratsandethe Know perfect u 2111 1)".Of the StatesW which our forefSatfo a
Nothings tree-fourths of then wilt vote Know drof the House Chopping IF-ood-Great Tine the motives and policy which control the govern- saw was indispensable to the preservation of that
Nothing. In fact, a large number of the most Genetra W-Green, the Murder-er, p c. ' ment ofEngldanm rinefer youto. hisO letterto Mr. concept among ourselves .whih is reqnisie fr the
prominent the strongest whig.townphips areino We have been visited with the greatest snow storm King, then our Minister to France, and t r m ienanceofour rights and deregulation of oaur
e irnd.T er e oun e m berin 8 thabt has tever occurred here within tue memoy of tfrom a late number Ou the London Times, the or- I do not ue iveth e nad t oar movement,
mebes. But of this more hereafter. This even- the oldest inhabitant., Itoommenoed a week ago; an of those who control the money market of contnplated by eth heroes and s ages of he renv,































membexs di ntnerrmomtesyn even- con on Tensanea, 'nod[a~oby u auatre oa sL n pttaempatedb laice herfoesendtagsofesher evs-r
ug Proessor 0. Hl. Tiffany, of Carlisle, delivered a and On aIs# Monday, guhl.iad been the violence of ndoen.S11pek int the wIar 8 w 6i g ra, the lation was a miserable conflict, tabe renewed eves
most able pa n d eloquent lecture on America and Wthestor ta te st sand sid srof our city Tnteay e-'f p,ner cuo ya berhig and controlling all other































to e,,oneetme sun Ftof Hall,to-anian ndem- ncofte st ounci, and othe stbrietsendad t h egisalm otor.city | O Z eyq-cyange~. vr aiiy!wma9e n ummu. sneo em.
mei i-"-n F lto Bali, to an audien e of t ns ome o. 'eede can fo resee noh r prospectof peace until the imssue to decide who shall be President; on th
nearly one bionsiand Ptersons. Professor Tiffany Is erre npletely ocked up, the snow being in fortunes of war siall have declared whether the in.- contrary, I deleve that them isiooffe United
a prominent American candidate for Undited States many places eight feet high, though the average finance ofRussia or that of England and France Is Slates, under the guidance of a superintending Pro-
Senator and I willsay here that asnould he be elected depth was about two feet. It happened that a large hereafter to preponderate in the afleirs of the Ee vidce isto promote. The case of civil and l-
































b will he.. b"o.no. r t.o the staterh. ainnd toheto vevlageeoutcOausevngof eths,]tmen- ed Yef oanre
ha n e w i l l th e no s a te y a no t h el au e n t o f A m e n u m b e r o f m e n w e r e a t t h e t i m e c o n fi n e d i nd' o ur a n d of t E uo e wg io u s e n is r t y a n d b y t ho i n f l ue n c e o f o u r e x a m p l e
stees hor weThisTadLtrethe 3t i ed es that the war Inf which England is and the force of our free inwr.aiutnstodiffiuetihr
plon. Di lecture to-night will tell on the election city Bridewell, and these were set to work in gangs now engaged is to determine whether England insto tianily and civilization throughout toe worid;
on Tuesday next. It was received-wish unsai mous by te Mayor, ,Wthshovels,&ac.,nto clear way paths retain her control over the trade andt0 resources, of not by taking part in thee war between England
pprobateharlesothewnge au ndeny me Iey0ndia. That you may noW hthetestimatel d o a usianor by maifsing u sympat
































boe t er spea ke. ran his au dior enc hade but thr, oughe ebra s now. There efforts wd reseco ou n hedT e byw r h tp u h t u h ist egraed n at eound t an o.rhb.yit a.itep ut poo ftr eieaeh
showb thathte aorg ade ne. p o me through the snow. TBheir efforts were aconded by this trade b British statesmen, I q romn thae foreither o? the belligerent nations; but y main."-
One feeling on the subject. His reply to thespeeca the citizens, and the streets soon rendered tolerably iremasxteoDuke ofo Wellington, who, uponthe taeing our nationalityand enforcaingourmindepen.
of r.Chandler of PItoladelphiB in Congress, was passabe. TheBe aleighing ever slce ha been api- proposition to repeal the corn laws, said :- dencesothatourprospenrtyshallbearwitnesstoaau
learned and-scaeeng, and showeden acquaintance mal, and will ,1ong continued s'oleas wearvisited t"lam sure thyt no man laments more than y b do the world that we are baid's chosen people whom
witho she subject thas mate Mr. Chandler appears by aane orWsudden thaw.eth ommerce and manufactures should besa t 'all government kd has made after the model, 7n by
very small man indeed, though he Ist she memberia w r sudnth depressed, but I believe if the coirmn law were re- him tothe Hebrews;rand towhombhe hascommiet.
for Pnlladelphla, where the people think tpeo hey are The railroads, west and south of the city, pealed tomorrow not a yard of cloth or a pound of ted the maiteance of reablioanrlibergyas the
the whole State, and She "restroftmankind." have been rendered impassable, and travel has iron more could be sold in hany part of Ecrope or of c of government h.eat sui ..to the spread .wil oe
If I though tI would be anyfougthit to the mrad- n beeanu,-inconsequence, interrooted. Theo : Sta Le- tie world over which this country (soglanbl ) does oGsp@l and through whose agency the ermorlde iso
era of the hMALIwould havewgivenhyou a momagndareub t..oner eynceritet ieTe Sthutl not exercise a controL The greater numbr of be repdred fur the second coming of the MessisL.
mInute history of thepositionofthevarionsparties glature,havgadjorneonFridaythe9thnt European nations, and of thenalnsof thegbe, Let me entreat you to pause and delibuately ex-
ant the different individnalsowho do up the "lusioa" the following Tuesday, many of the members took have adopted measures for the encouragement of amire the issues created y the American more-
fortheioccsion. Thiieyte a do yet-per s i after hteroportuyof viing thir hoes Mn d r ome itanufactres. Thrse measures were not, as meant. One is that the control of outr government
the election. For next fall's operation, on M inister Tortuitny of vitg their ho th onday ome, taken in consequence of toe British properly belongs to native born American citizens,
to England Iseectioed to be the head manager, it .morning found. them! at a distance grumy the corn laws. They are attributable to the exaoplewofe and lhe.othertois that papal sup-remacy is iconsis-
he is not &fasd so r tuar till after the election.dto Capital,nsad cut, off from athsatns -arof their this country. Ithey had their risein the speogle tnt wish republican, liberty. suhisthebe.. o.f
escajie the responsibility eta disgraceful defeat. Bn- labotip by a great American desert .of so. nWhich this country exhibited during She late war, and the union which the Notth tenders to the South.


































ne twtc p ac^n ieoparu for th somef ouae th
hanian is greatat avoiding and shifting responslblli- Tullwde in te geta deoi xrin ywihhr power and such is the union which the South will acc p
ty. and the knowing ones say he wili not return until -- y ensa and Tusatrislftis nal t-erigtli were displayed on every occasion. asl tendered bytbe North.
Uotoher,aunless recalledesooner, as Iiisnow reported city for Springfield, on board of, which were many Those who contemplated those exertions, as wall as Let me entreat, youto ask yourself wherein ethe
thateis likely to be. Should this tarn out to i of the members, and a mong them the Hon. The. those who were relieved and assisted by them, ge men, Calhoun, Clay andWebter? Dyot
S eomay expect the campaign to s penearly, as TurerSpeakerof the Hoae. ie progress of the thugt they might as wellollow te example of uppcee tir mission upn earth was toornize
trueaea few hieru steeds hem whosaem"pagiog train wasoerythsee:w-Owitbng STl ogye ssofthe tn weBrof ouraindustryli n edoursystemopf coin, iteSouthi.heWestso.The North into sectional
Theesal' for a dfesw thet KnoNodsin teald trans wai t eslow, t beig necessary to send for. merce. They have followed our example, and have factions for no other purpose thanto eanr y these
county. Butitwill tsake morethanhe"onuatand ward there locomotives to clear the raokl. T great, established among themselves diuanuactures, and sections again.teach other to prove howvain ae
the surplus of tbe m ew banking house besidesto et trtoulewae enoed between Jolet and given a stimulus to neir commerce. the hops of ambitious men? Ori it not mo
make a shuw. But of shn eshereafter. reao mingreled onethe Chicagopan dThese were the words eof one po the most sagacious rato-ai sto suppose that to each was allotted a part
ne ore Jot Joofoney er.Bi t Bloasaminglon, on the Chicago and MissnippiR ail Bieetl.I dsttemen. ekne that sethe power n the great nectional conflicts, which were intended
.o...fay.---- k oHN st E road, adistance of telghty-fourg mles-thbe.formaer ol Bhiltih gold, ratherthantshevalorofBritiah arms, by an all-wise and overcing Providence to prepare
Oulr P aeelphr CoRu ponew e. l forty, and the latter one hundred and twenty that enabled England to subdue Napoleon. He knew each section for the new iaes presented by the
Pa,"pnLA Fe.n 1e, 1855. miesfromCiag ths that her home manufactures were the source of her "American movement? Which, to use the
uowh w inlhe A, Feb.hn n y1, ur Othcago.u At he latest advices these creditandheercormmseeand enabled her'to subi- qent language of one of them, knows no
The. Stalte Senatorship- Wasiingto slfuecei at tins were atill somewhere between those two dire her allies, and thereby no conquer her enemies. North, no Southi" but would unite all and
Wrk-cd pprwaing ing the Canodiattoes- h Post points. I have this moment (noon) conversed with lie aw that mot of the European nations bad cr- e each in the comaumon efliot to asse andi
Of carneed Customrt ousn e Acatdothe-I ip e ernstee agentemanwhohasjust returned from the scene ated home manufactures toe themselves, and that mamt in the tigahs and intthe.re etisoe Amsoe
I,,therefore, En4laWdcould not, bicy the-repeal- of Ticen people asbt~iarsts adilSalifietfmrom allother
pbte?-Has he s 6Sami?"-Heis the Son on an "prespsi anae. RD dearblbes tbe state, f -er ccorn laws, saelhlbr iron or ber cloth naticuns, united urder that form of government
ofhisRh er lt-Diappotinted Aspirants(. ao ils as graphic in the extreme. In' one train t ttose who bad become her competitors j which is better sited than all oLbers forthemain.
The contest In the old county of Philadelphia for were some three hundred pasheneers. On Friday in the markets of the world ; and that tenance civil liberty, and diffimuing a knowledge
the nomination of a candidate for State Senator,to reuig shteeern eeod theorer ouhavng Fiebs was compelled to look for a markettothosecomu t of Christianity and sending the Gospel threoughuL
supply the vacancy ocasioned by thedth of Letap te, tries over which she eser;isied a legislative -Con. the world.
, irol hth r..e ltoe Inathe, by he deof ot J. Muray eaten nothingfeluce the previous noon. A general tro,1. In other words he knew that being no longer Now, I would ask you, vhy did God in Thisfpro-
Foulke-od, has resulted in the ehelce of 3. Murray search was made for provisions, and it was dic- able to sell iron or cloth to the other European na- evidence prepare the Hebtews by a realdonce in
ush,Beq.; o the partoftthedemocraoy. The u- covereWd that there were two hundred and fifty tion w ho made iron and clth for themtelea, Egypt and their eojrjnrn in the wilderness, before he
-6w of Mr. Rash inregarded as a signal victory of laaEnglad must look to India. whose commerce she permitted them to poses Ihe promised lane? Why
o ts Mr.Bths regarded a signal viBry o r amallcanslofa yaer In one of the baggage care. cld regulate by sot o PArliamea nt. England, aid be: prepare our ancestors by religious persecu-
the national adalnistration and the Kitchen Cai -. Theme were of ot rse appropriated; the cams furnish- therefore, sends er manufactures to lIndia, and tions, and send them to reside in. toe wildemeas
net. The government patronage was liberally used ed impromptu slew pars, and there being stoves in there exchanges them for the tropical products of preparatory to the struggle of the revolution and
and every agency and appliance put in motion that tecrhepsngssonIaacmoibe India, which shle brings hack in her ships and sells the creation 'of sot- present form of government?
thecto other European nations, who, although they man- Were theseevets in the Ditaory of she Jews, or t
could be controlled to secure the result. Mr. WasitL breakfast But sow another dilemma' presented unacrure for themselves, and will not purchase British ounanceBtors, the result or accldent,-or were they
cott, an appraiser of customs, was especially active Itsel. The took of fuel was exhauisted No re- grods, have no tropical colonies, and are therefore the necessary and indispensable antecedenta, en-
and anxious upon the subject, and his position ena& .nsrce remained hut to cut up two of the baggage eo Sglled to-purchase and consume the East India tleded to prepare the way for events to follow
bi dnd to direct considerable machinery in the ca ti a simmediategyg produce diooni A thas been purchased by Builalhmer- theieafter? Do you believe that He who made the
ledd hime Caf, by as exchange of Britlsa manufactures, stais in the firmament, ind gave to them laws regu-
contest, and aecoirdingly, every man e=tplayedin .theengineswereploughing through the heavyanowr and carried in British abips It will thus.be Seen,I lating1helrcoursq, and to manrthe powertoread
his department was at his post on the night of the -banks, and the trains slowly progressin. A large that although she cannot sell her manufactures toI and estimate the velvet, wish which they meve,
delegate election. The Poet Office, too, was called e heavy cross-ties was now reached, and many other Euroicpea nations England compel them to I would leave man's destiny t3 chance? Is it not
into requisition, and Mr. MIller, the head of that of the pasaengers turned out t) cut them up feor pay bertributein theAsape of Profit on her East much more raticial to suppose that our form of
fuel.. Among ,the number was Speakec Tr t aer India produce, which she receives in exchange for government was the creature of God's providence,
establishment, who knows full well how to blarney beIfore mentioned; and this was the beat tableau that her manulabtuses. Teat yon may form an estimate mooch wiser than the men who framed it? and it we
his friends, managed in secret and darkness what my informant witnessed before leaving on the ex. of the value om the East india trade, Irefer yot to can believe this we can then see tbat the section
he would be ashamed to avow in daylight. Tals press. the Edinburgh Reonew, which says:- strife which has s6 long agitated the country was
geworten is a capitalbJesuit, well skilipv lathe 1 Ity wansupposed when he left that the trains "The liation of india to England Ia very Ig preparatory to Lhat more perfe-is union-
wt'oid be able to get through to Springfield outhit ferent homn that in which we stand to auy other which is indispensable to maintain owu righa
science of politics and partisan intrigue. He wil rday (the 26h) butin order to provide against the of) our',1anenarfae possessleos. Our eolonaes en cur conflicts with foreign natil s. And we
find some dIfcty, however, In explaining his contulgency o0 meeting with sMilt deeper anew take our manufactures and pay us for them, Wd' may wehl believe that as Moses was noltpermittea
course to some of his friends. The Collector, I be- banks further along, a force of three hundred men our msnnfsouersrs and shipowners make their teepas3sover Jcrdan, so neither Clay, Calhounnor
with shovels, and provisions for three days, will be cepecLive profits by these transactions. India Webster were permitted to obtain toe Presodency,
lieve,gdid notinterfere in thermatterbeyond express- sent down to-day.V Te passengers wereIn geood also buys .our manufactures to a large and but that each, having perfonned the parposs of aie
Ing a doubt in reference to each candidate named spirits. One of them, Dr. Dyer, was the bearer of iciessing extent', and if we govern her well uilssion, was called hence, under circumstance
for the place. Mr. Brown Is too coldhearted amen the draft of a new drainage hill passed by our Cit and treat herfalrlt, her vlue as a customer sill Ic- calculated to impress their partisans and foilower-a
to espouse the cause of any friend,in anyemnergency, Council, and, to be submitted to the Leislattire. croease very qnickly and greatly. Every fsollity wvith a deep and humiliating sense of time foll &and
contains some sixty or seventy seOtions. The dice- given to rhe sale of her projections lips must pald 'ansofficiencTy of inan's ambrion. Let msagain en-
and of course, in a doubtful contest, he could only tee-remarked that they certainly would no* starve. so the fund from which oen paysa for British 'manl- treat you to pause and reconsider toe past. Let
look wise, shrug his shoulders and scold. Still he for there were "provisions" enough in the Drainage lectures But India is momethan a cuatomenr.The me entreat you to lookupon (the struggle in which
was, very anxious lace the norminastion of Mr.BAlsh, bill to Ieed an axmy. pclar circumstances in which she is placed rem the governmnentseof Huroups ace now engaged; and
and gave, all the icenessary orders to produce Much anxiety is felt hem in regard to the ap- Pdue-her tr ibutary to us to a very large amount. On having done this, let me entreat -you, as" an Ame-
ye-caching sloetiun for United States Sezcaor-she the whole, we are persuaded that the amount of tiee rican statesman, to sasy whether, undeutieostolecoon-
the result. This cIrcumteanos will injure Mr. Legislature heve fixed on she 31t tet., (vedces- public and private remittances from India, for whish stOncestof.theipId wqrld, it does not.become she
.Rsh very much, for thousands of democrats day cext,) as the day on which so ballot. But what this country (England^i makes on returns very lit- duty of sverjAmnerican citizen to Promote, by
bate CarlesBrownmore rdent tun Isey soo obe done if the rmads remain blocked up, and ile. tfat all.ove~r estlunisdet 9,O000.000per iainnum every proper efort, the organixatbi-n of &anAie-
bate Charles Brown more ardently ttan they ^ -n fl0 0,000).: rican sentiment which will cmate that"more per-
love their party. It e i n th ortaepn gto f t hor e ru T- he Nebrasmam men are already here, or can ho The i s viewer th en tells us that -nch is the great tfot union" whim it was t oepurpose of the federal
Rush that o e patbimsef in the sweeping of i the sa- here. m of them residiin she Southern 0oun- extent of the British possessions inIndlla, and that constitutionto accomplish. And I would askho
tenB clique, and hewl entytI ostiec-so That ifthe blokade continues and the re -t'he Ininits modihcaslena of soil and climate to be ishetherthe timieand circumstances oftShe den o
not cost him his election. But Mr. RushIs verdant nubtican members ae~n able to bepresent, a fg. found In them are such, that almost ever Preduc- the rent sectional leaders, whome competetion for
in poiitlcal management, and only thought of seour- leraska man willbe eleced.poea tree of every climate except the Arctic may be the Puesidency contributed so much so array the
ing the nomintin, taking it fo'r gansed that the AImongthe passeners In the detained trains were ""be-ht so all the perfection so which they rem cape- sections against each other, and she fact that the
election would follow aseamatter of course. In thi-t thecoonsel 1 Uso. W. Green, recently convicted In blIe In olthr ocuntie-les and breaks forth,Bayiogt:- t'oith, who, in the sectional warfare, has always
he wilt be dlsappelnted. do much for selecting a ticityof the murderof hiswife byposo. bs How grievously thip noble filid has been neg- been the aggresOr, nOw offers to the Sooth the
new man at this ce-isis, to act as captain atea special w~eregilng down to Springfield whete the Supreme lo'oted or mismaneged, she preat inferiority of the demeents ol onion, In thei organIzation of an Arms-
e'ection, wuich will deride the fate or parties info Cout isInssswlons rue for^ a rtofhba cotton of India to that of America, and of its silk so moan pasty on a basis which recogniass end mtai-

anlwoe beide the candidate who fights under snob met.^ ^ ^ A^ y ^^ seflt nacpclcs o ercie I e I^tb c o il s fiinl esof events hih, ho ld ais heap
In connection with the nomination of Mr. Bush, '; in ml'B cast fire verdilct was receisie~lby the lu~lge The piox mate cause taslapable to she superliclal a hearty sod z~ealous cooperation?
it isromoredmttnestoeetthatheisnoteligilbetoa afte iho Court sdrournsa, aed wa heoer o edit obseeter. India is miseteably poor. e v Ih v ohe m r o sy whc th i ^. n ^ .mn V leS ingt f
seat in the Senate, in consequence of not residing In 3d This jery baringt been discharged without render- * There Is noi; suffident private canital tits letter admonishes me must he rease-ved for
-the district. Sectaons8, aeticlel, of ths OOrstotutloo, ingategal verdict, the pri-ener cannot be itgioly tried nor pglvate credit in Iridia to puasunce one-twentieth another. very respectfully, your blend,
declares that a Senator saldl he ''a citizen end sgaln, the conuttiutron providing that no person shalt pee-tot the ge-eat saipies with which sue Is, in on Du G___ -__"* vazes.
inhabitant of the State four years i-fl before hi Be twice place-d inDeopardy for the some eltene. siet, able to supply the world. *our concord Correwapedneea.
election, aud the last year Shot-sot an inhabitant of Tics clrcumstancee attending the reception of the The poverty of India most he cured by the sttrno- Cocoue (N.-,, .E f n T. Si, -1815
the district foe- whion he a'all he chosen." Illis verdict ne-s these :2-On Saturdaty evening all the tionof British capital to its fields of production. OOD,(.H)Jn 8186
generally supposed that We-. Bush resides In the old persons coonp eating the \Court were present in the United as It happily Is with England. It never can The Noeesisatien of Mrb. Mietcalf for Gmene-oos ta
city, going occasionally Into Peon district, court room; bus nothing was done till hal(-past ten, becomes m~an utactutin country. tht Kro Nobthivtgs-Consternastcio of the Re-
w *here his ftthur' family live, for temporary pur- At that heur the Judge (being upon the bench) di- Being happily disabled by their related position .,,.
poses; buti the constitution contemplates a reel real- meoted the sheriff too open the Court and adjourn the from levying contributions upon each other by do- gtslarr.,,, ,,,
idecce for theperlod of one year pnor to the eleostlon. samne tfll nine o'clock on she following Monday mastic industry protecting tarlffs, thie people of The neoBlnatlon of Ralph MetCalf for Governor of
How the fact may be, I do no; know, but state the morning. Tole sheriff accordingly made proclama- itdia may employ ibemsvia profitably ferra period 'this State, by the AmerIcan party, has proved a
rumor as Ihearlt. tie. Bush Is a lawyer, and should tion, formally opening and then immediately adl- to whichIt is Iimpossible to fix a lmit in raising y ^^^ ^ dmrranpry
know the law, and ItlonIc he willfind it necessary journiog the Court to the hour dasiguased. Tue raw products to exchange for the manutif- tre of I perfect^ bom shl o h dmnsrainpa-
to explain before the election takes place. vast assembly that filled the court room, was slowly Great Be-airY' Les ITuesda~ythe bel~ef was confidently exjsressed
There ace several things which deserve to be no. dispersing, and the Judge hart descended from tics There ex'racts furniseh the key to British Ithat the "Know Notbing delusion" was atlan end int
thoed growing out of this nomination. re. Rush is benich, bus was still within the bar, when a messen- poliry; we are told by' Sli Dukie cc Wellington Ithe Granite State, and the meinds of the adminis-
aparlor democrat, and belongs to the upper crust; ger arrived with fthe intellIgence that the jury had that She power which enabled England to sbidizbde tatlen were of opinion that the re-election of (1ev
lur never taken any part in the positics of this agreed. The Judge resumed his seas upon the her allies and conquer her enemies, wag derived from aOWeoptl tot r ^ L L
country beyond voting escaslonally,,except wuennte bench, end lesning over to the clerk, directed him her home industry and her commerce; tud we are Baker was far enough from being an Impossilbe
- has been a carl date for a fat office. Talle iswell- not to enter on toe record the order adjourning the told by the reviewer, that united as India Is with thing, The nomination of Mr. Metcalf has corn-
et gives prestige to his name, for he huas net been Court; or if be had done so, to erase 1t, s-c that the England.'shenever can become a manunfacturing .1ti hndteanc ftig.Teamn
contaminated by tne vulgar touch of rough record would show teat the Court wee duly country, and that, therefore, the people of Indiama ltly chnge th asectof hig. Teadn
handed democrats-he isa sort of gala day demoB- opened. employ thems~elves rorfitably, for a period to whion larte-tos men have faces long enough to be used aa
lcrat. while lmls'democreov is taken off and nut The verdict was assn read. the me-v polled, the Iii is ipossibetofialimit, inralsinge-awproduotsa yard stcks, They scent defeat in the wind that Is


on-to ruit occauIos- Why- s-ho-td -he p-erorm ved- ii entered on ti- record, the fury tschaged, to be e xc..nged for the man u.ctures of G .re Bri- I bloi.g against te.&ham, nteydeserv credit foIr
tbe drudgery of party organization? He is too andcthe Court adjourned. Before tee adjournment, tan). TotheseextractsI will ad the ad iston havg Bnosesofnsch excellent q aut. ..
' genteel for that, and no sensible maucouldask hm amotion bad been made for anew trial, andGthe of Sir Robert Peel, who,, in t h debate upon te th .atotohen]aoe oPponent,whohastopwd
to associate with the uneducated masses, who are moon has since been argued ard grand ed.; mt.t prhoposo to repeat dte dty on colonial a sugar, marned t the field, to veteran democrat. He.Is
expectedtodothe wvting for him on the day of Ifthewrit of habeas corpus to net isued, the pri- mae thstbe had 5.eome conviced that aeounrry about 65 oears old, sad to a man of irreproabeae
election Besides, Inthelanguage of the Evening ioner wwill aves new trial. cultivated by African slaves an produce , Argus of this city, the mouthpiee of Jdge amp- Anapmulag story was in oirculation nereester- than a country in which t.at system doesa not exist. que .. been entrited with the management of
bel, Mr. Rush s the son of our dIstln6ieiHaIfel- day aw os to this cee. The prisoner, onh Thtse facts and admissions prove that It was no imp.ruantan ..oy h.. feuo crtszen, sn nsoo-
low cltzen, HoD.Richard-Rush, whose-nameand trial, w-ch lasted two week, was very ably and lovefor theAfricanracebuta thCAMforeoldwhich cupled eveTalhgnpubucoffoms. I thinkit is.not
. fame ie tondiolubly connected with the historyand zealously defended and one of his counsel,. n the Inouoed England, to eman.bpa r e West n .India overstItL-g the matter to awelt that he will be
a progress of the democratic party." There! What coure of bispeech, shed tears. 1 0ore leaving for slaves, and which makes ber desrenow to een an ppcr..uoyheereaterpartofaumenM. oft.e
t a splendid recommendation.the demooratio candi- Springfield, i b counsel (so the story goes) visited pale ours. Because. being unable to sell her mann-u oPiPosuon--whge,fre e.demoom.ra, and Know No-
r date for the State Senate hoe received from his lesenIn his cell, to obtain a oheck for thefundtofr tact.res to other European Maton.sshe was oorn- things. I have good antnori ftUayiD, that Mr.
- special organI Mr, Rusa is the son of his father 1 their expenses. (The prisoner Is quite wealthy.) pulled to seek a new marketIn Indiawhere s e ic.eu.witwanillwilts ananteaasa ht-"ad
Wendetul, Indeed! What pity it Is all democrats Green demurred to advancing. any moe money, aSu found a population of.sometree hundred millon, w al.on letter il a short Urnel'the e f.Ot of
do not inherit a name and fame," connected with grumbled that their _rv was alwa mnmoney-imnmy. subonyectto et leglalHve uonmtll t as she had which will be to rawy to his support all tuvoters
the piogreBs of the demWoratoo party." Thetdea Oieofteeconsel, whoioaamnohdlrigulBhedor ex te th.e .ar)mmatotd wealth of_,8, and oor the State who have no is*mmediaeinerest i
is a beauflunl one; butif the democracy ofthe father the dignity of his manners ad deprtn.an for made India 1 -mlies oor,; xna om o per. _p o__ tw~ato* !
be closely examined, it might soon lead, to the fade- his eloquepce acand legal leaning, upbraiedm r chase her manueaulaotfuree laihewOidhepro- Impossble to describe the hno that beenoo m, d
6 rairseol andfdomtheneeitosanH-Mary, ButI bl orotaolpositionannd oe hno chm n ,ey once of India In exchange.,.Sh e fo-d-that 800 000 be. .. rather t- -_k that our old friend Pierce did
sugloee the son Is not responsible forM whathis bad done for him. "We have labored,, for you, blSKa t ndab.0)0,....wtesin t.WetIndies,Qa not sleep any thebetter .whenh9ebud.of Mr.Met-
.fa 4 r did, and I only, regret that his eulogist should sAatdbie,"night andaday." *"Yes," added the other, & nlmovolr~AnI tlrmaiktot thaul r iml V clfsnorclnitiB. He be^ to triakpras
resort to such an arftinrtooma deofadvocatinghis "aid .we habe wept foryou.'.. Ofcomurse there was Y tronp pr and ouev at t t TB _,at that 1 Burke is get-gm he better of him at" -as
c ause, The A igu further sayls, "Mr. Ruth in a noresthlthis appeal, ad the oheokwa forth. tettve el ri iacheaper thin T will write yu againu VU --h ..o.,r mt
f otizen of unbledehed private worth, of edaoteld coming. OwxAg0. t. gIT UAy I ot oCabs, B aB1 me uM U e nu aapUn U9WSSud P










268


N19W YORK HERALD.
4AIIBS GORDON BN11 ZTT,
PROPRM R AND DIAro.
Itlocs R. W. oomm0 a On 0 ASeU OAW PULTOM 8M.


SW1 semhesad. r-
NUBD LMO HEAN =D 5mb per ospy-57 per eusum.
791 W EREL JjJMXVdI l) eve ryoarwv l .8 ---s-
pweroI, ior m a mp- ... a roeaeir e.dio .4 fj
XT e .......di EVat, Ba.d5 toy part V





but~a Two 4,s.5d poS
L -ULETTERS b b N OWfor Subwrdphlos or wd-A 4drer
Shr To"is go be pool paid,or ap g en --o-"d
roK Mn^CO.JtESP0NDENCB. e.U-R8B I W""K
OM %*n. *a fo v9rrVas.rorid-Vj 38
fTV A &EPRTTCiLAILT "URTZ 0 ) T IAL ALLL
o asAWse PRMLT BRITs.





WaSS^&Sfi S51lvT ". xa'w*y--Tow t*"l"<. an-
STwrrrodcv.




PMWT ,&d with I eAT fies, chdawee-moand
ADVE& TJgpHSN Trenewed ever day. _____
Veme XX.................... ......... No. 34
-AnNU NTnor S VO-BROW ZVMij.
BROADWAT WEATRE-, ft-iee m-Cnia-awA-
A nInss As Two P-AL. .
SOWRRT THEATRE. Bewery-Iaax0L-D AB AXnUoICA
.-lann Kauow NodinoY -Ga jAL-PADDY NILn' BOy.
SO]OrpS TNBAT"I/, hambnes' treet-rasmoN-
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METROPOLITAN TIEATR-, -2WadWSj-EqoITIo&a





tinzorhe News.
MeRICAN nXUEUn-AfUntednsoD-AaBE, tWIhTT
A iaksm-I3oLuno -BLAOS KIND BOUsh..
WtOOD 8 NeSTRELS, Mhebanic' s r73e y Breadway.
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WWI@ Esuzaimm OsunA Tuoup.
OINALDSON'S OPERA OUSE-Hope Chapd, 718 i
210Ao wa-. _____
TO-NIGHT.
METROPOLITAN TDRATR-SuirDAT COi lexrT.
MOw York, Sunday, February 4, 1855.
The News,
7%e debate upon the United States Senatoraship
In the New York Assembly was resumed yesterday,
and continued throughout he session with unflag.
going Interest. We refer our readers to a report of
te discuidouen nder the proper head. In the
Senate the resolution of Inquiry as to the authority
y which Mr. Thomasn Dunlap acts as Commissiloner
ofa Emigration, wa discussed and laid on the table.
Our Washington correspondent states that Dudley
Mean, our perambalating Secretary of State, has
resigned his office, allowing the President until the
bt of March to select his successor. The recent
change i the foreign policy of the administration I
amigned as dthe reason for Mr. iMansn's resignation.
The United States Senatie was not in sesilon yes.
teldr. I* the House the thirty-aix private bills
noted o in hnCommittee of the Whole the day pre,
vionsa were taken up and passed. in committee, the
bffl extending Colonel Calt's firearm patent seven
year. was taken up. Our readers are well aware of
the share eof bribery and orruption that have
been alleged against ote parties interested In this
assaye, and also that a special committee was ap-
finted at the elast session of Coungres to Investigate
md report upon those charges. This commit.
ee reported In part near the olae of the last
session, and requested and obtained leave to
coBlne their inquiry. inca e then nothing has
banb heard from tanem, and the bill now comes
up in the regular order of business. Mr. Pratt
mdoMned the honorable character of CoL Colt,
and dated that there was not the slightest particle
ifttrath in the charges alleged against him. AU
that Mr. Colt requires i, that Congress will give its
opinion on the bill one way or another. Mr. Letcher,
chairman of the Select Committee, would not say
that Mr. Colt had acted improperly, as at the thuime
be appeared before the Committee or Inquiry he was
dunk. The testimony taken would sbow, he said,
that Mr. Colt had no definite idea of the expend!-i.
turse of his agent. The assertion relative to Mr.
4estA Intoxication was confirmed by Messrs. Eddy,
Bffin, Zollioferi and Eliot, bet uitiher impeached
i honor and integrity. Mr. Edgerton made a long
ip.ech in favor q( the patent, and gave a history of
the loeasses Mr. dolt ba sustained In perfecting his
tinvention; but before concluding hiq remarks the
committee rose and the House adjourned.
fhe political quack doctors of Tnammany Hall,
wbe have recently organized an association on the
binary principle, with the humane design of
healing all the odid sores, ruptures and ractures,
dimple and oumpound, that afflct the democratic
Vrty of this Statde, are to hold a grand fusion de-
tmiattuon meeting on the 7th of next month-
jut at the proper time to catch a few of the stray
ticke of poltital timber that will float hitter ward
hnm Washington upon the breaking up of CM-
press. The whole "strength of the company" will
no doubt be brought out, in order to insure a tuU
heos, fuaion or no fusion.
Tn. sales of cotton on the spot yesterday reached
1IN hales, at the extreme range of prices. Provi-
i were without change of moment, with a fair
mont otfcrales. Flour soldi to a moderate extent,
both to the home trade and fot export, at aboat the
smerates. White Suthernmwheat sold at $2 20,
ed Lo. at 1212, and white Mchigan at $2 40. Corn
wv nscaee, and only one orgo of good BSouthern
yellow mold afloat, at $1. S gara were more active,
and 1,600 hhd. New Orleans and 200 do. Cuba were
Sold at steady prices. In freights, flour wag engaged
at i. 6d.for Liverpool,with 1,000 a 1,200boxes
bamon, and some lote beef and pork, as previous
rates. About ten vessels were up for California,
two of which were recently on, and the remainder
were advanced in loading.
We give elsewhere some additional extracts from
our California files received by the Star of the
West, among which will he found a portion of
Governor Bigler's message, relating to the finances
'f the Stahe, the condition and prospects of the
mines, and the exports of gold dust daring the past
year. Among our extracts wid also be found some
interesting statistics made up at the close of the

The whole number of deaths In this city during
she pest week, according to the official report of the
lity Inspector, was 511, viz.: 87 men, 95 women,
172 girls sad 157 boys, showing an increase of 74
over the mortality of the week previous. Tais
increase is mainly from complaints of the throat and
lungs, diseases of the stomach and bowels, and
stillborn children. There were 6 deaths of apoplexy,
13 of bronchitis, 5 of congestion of the longs, 61 of
consnmption, 55 of inflammation of the lungs, 7 of
congestion of the brain, 10 of dlarrhra, 21 of dropsy
i| the head, 10 of dysentery, 14 of typhus fever, 7
of disease of the heart, 13 of inflammation, of the
brain, 7 of palsy and 2 of smallpox-the first
ceases of this disease reported for several
weeks. There were 11deaths from external
and violent causes. Of the total of deaths 323
were children under ten years of age, and of this
number 41 died of convulaions, 17 of croup, 10 of
debility, 34 of scarlet fever, 6 of hoopingcough, 26
oli marasmus, 8 of measles, and 3 of teething
There were also 7 premature births, and 34 cases
of stillborn. The following is the classification of
diseses:-Bones, joints, &c., 4; brain and nerves,
* 108; generative organs, 6; heat and blood vessels,


,14; lungs, throat, &c., 166; old age, 4; skin aud
eruptive fevers, 419; stillbdrn and premature births,
41; stomach, bowels and other digestive organ
79; uncertain meat and general fevers, 39; urinary
' organs, 2. There were 108 deaths in the public in.
sttlutions-66 at the Emigrant Hospital, and 14 at
the Alushouse. The nativity table gives 348 na.
tives of the United States, 78 of Ireland, 62 of
Germany, 9 of England, and the balance distributed
among various European countries.
The United States frigate Sabine was launched
from the Brooklyn Navy Yard yesterday forenoon.
An account of the spsectale, and a history of the
vessel, which dates back asi far as 1823, is given
elsewhere.
We publish to-day letters from our correspondents
at Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Lancaster, ChiOcago,
Wheeling, Jacksonville and Bostn. They contain
a variety of useful and interesting information re.
+ "*,** ++ + + +, *' ,**" / '**, . *' :,** *' *
_.,. ,i f i ,:.+y i .+2 f uy'i I', ,


pectiag political ed social movements. We also
give the letters received by the last steamer from
cur Pals coriespondeote, and an article from a
London journal on the Sound duties of the Danish
government-a question that is occupying the ear
nest attention of commercial men In both hemni-
pheres, and which is now a subjeAt 'of Investigation
and Inquiry in Congress.
A mass meeting of workingmen wMas held last
night in Hesterstreet, to hear the report of a corn-
Umittee who bad been sent to Washington to urge on
Congress the propriety of taking meares for the
immediate relief of the unemployed. The commit-
tee made their report through Mr. John Commer-
ford, who detailed at some length the result of his
interviews With the President and several members
of Congress. He was well received, buat nothing
was done. It will he seen that tie resolutions eulo-
gize President Pierce. The outline of a new politi-
cal organization was presented, and a series of lee-
'trMs and other means of influencing the public
determined on.
The stemahip Union, from HavreandCawes,
arrived at this port last night. BShe left the latter
port on the 18th ult.
A fire occurred at No. 128 Varlek street last
night, during which one of the inmates of the
dwelling, named Mrs. Belden, was burned to death.
An account of this dreadful catastrophe is given
elsewhere.
Progress of Democracy in Europe.
The Africa brings us news of the submission
to the Spanish chambers of the new constitu-
tion. It is strikingly democratic in its charac-
ter : its essential features being liberty of con-
science and of the press; establishment of the
national guard; annual meetings of the Cortes;
abolition of confiscation and capital punish.
ment for political offences; subjection of the
army to the control of the representatives of
the people; and the right of the Cortes in case
of need to appoint a regent for the kingdom.
It is assuredly difficult to conceive a monarchi-
cal constitution more republican in iti charac-
ter than this. The measure of authority which
is left to the monarch is hardly worth mention-
ing.
Spain has been long aiming at democracy.
As fr back as the reigns of the two last Car-
loses, the populace of Madrid, Barcelona, Cadiz
and other large cities, was noted for its turbu-
lent and riotous character. On several occa-
sions it forced the court to bendto its will; and
once even threatened the throne Itself. When
the wretched Carlos and still more wretched
Ferdinand threw themselves into Napoleon's
.arms, the "common people" of the Spanish
cities sternly refused to submit to the French
yoke, and gave Joseph Bonaparte and the ge-
nerals plenty of work. During the long wars
which followed, there was scarcely less sympa-
thy between the French troops and the Spanish
populace than between the latter and their
English allies. The British sought to replace
the Bourbons on the throne; the Spaniards
demanded democratic liberty. It was in
the midst 'of this collision of interests
that the democratic constitution of 1812 was
Spromulgated. This charter guaranteed political
and individual liberty; but as at that time, the
great danger to be apprehended seemed to be
the centralizatn of power in the capital-
which had ruined the French republic-the
Spaniards sought, at Cadiz, to guard against
this peril by investing the communal govern-
ments with unusual powers. In seeking to avoid
one mistake they fell into- the opposite one.
Their communal governments were little inde-
pendent powers, who did nothing but quarrel
together and thwart each other.
At Ferdinand's restoration, lhe would have
nothing to say at first to the constitution of
1812, and strove for a long time to govern on
the plan of his ancestors,. Finding this would
not answer, and terrified by the outbreak of in-
surrections, he consented in his false, cowardly,
.treacherous way to accept the democratic char-
ter of Cadiz, and formally promulgated it in
the towns. This did not prevent his doing his
best to nullify its provisions until the French,
under the Duke d'Angouldme, came to his as-
sistance, and be could venture to trample his
oath aMd the charter under foot together.
For fourteen years the Spanish democracy
was silent and powerless. During the last
half of this period, civil war-raged and
served as a safety-vent tor the animal spirits
of the patriots. But in 1837, the liberals
who supported Isabella's claims forced
Queen Christina to resuscitate and confirm
the charter of 1812 at La Granja. This con-
cession to the progressstas led ultimately to
the revolution of 1843, when the liberal con-
stitution was .again altered or revoked, and
Narvaez succeeded Espartero in power. From
1843 up to the present time, democratic theo-
ries hare been contraband in Spain. They are
now revived, it seems, by the Espartero minis-
,try, and are in a fair way of again -becoming
part of the law of the land.
Simultaneously with this progress of de-
mocracy in Spain, a most startling change is
taking place in the tone of public sentiment
in England. The striking freedom of the
British press has already attracted much atten-
tion in this country. Partly in consequence
of the fermentation of animal spirits conse-
quent upon the war, and partly from the con-
spicuous, incapacity of'the present mi-istry,
the press has in fact taken the control of affairs
out of the hands of the government, and is
fdrlving before it Queen, Cabinet, Parliament
and people in headlong confusion. This stu-
pendous power is being used by the London
Times for the interests of the democracy, and
to oppose and aesail the nobles. Already we
have seen the Times expose the pitiable mean-
ness of the rule of the Horse Guards which
forbids generals from noticing in their des-
patches the bravery or good conduct of private
soldiers. Passing from this to other branches
of the military service, it has attacked with
proper virulence the absurdity of the present
system of favor, patronage and purchase
by which commissions in the British army are
obtained, and shown how the democratic plan
on which the French army is managed is the
true and only cause of the great superiority of


Canrobert's force to Lord jaglan's.- These are
only two points: many others might be men-
tioned, which indicate most plainly the power-
ful democratic tendencies of the leading organ
of British opinion.
Nor is the phenomenon wholly confined to
England. In France and Germany similar,
though less decided symptoms of a renaissance
of democracy have been manifested. Since the
war began, the tone of the press beth at Paris
and in Germany has been freer than it ever was
since 1848.
It is clear in fact that all over Europe a
powerfull asubittranean. process is going on, dis-
guised here in the shape of a foreign war, there
in that of civil dissension, but tending every-
where tobthe establishment of republican theo-
ries if not republican institutions. Should
peace spervcne in the East, for instance, the


MW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1855.


friendship between France, England and the
United States, than existed, he was commended
to the special attention of Lord Palmerston.
He crossed the channel accordingly, had one or
several confidential interviewS with Palmerston
at his country seat of Broadlands, and the re-
sult was, at we understand it, the employment
of our Chevalier by the British Foreign Office,
at five hundred pounds a year, to write for the
newspaper press-English, French and Ameri-
can-in furtherance of the beneficent object of
everlasting friendship between France,yEngland
and the United States.
In ibis philanthropic fleld of duty, Wikoff, we
believe, brought out a series of diplomatic es-
says and arguments in La Presie at Paris, and
in a paper or two at New Orleans and else-


I


Two ersos Drwnedwhil Skaing


I


Western governments would soon find their
hands full at home. In England people would
call for reconstruction o the army on a sound
and sensible basis, no regard being paid to
wealth or rank, but merit being the only basis
for promotion. In Franco the army which
usually takes a leading part In French revolu-
tions would call for a free press; and the Em-
peror would be forced to grant it. Some of
the democratic seeds scattered by this
war would take root in Qermany, and
there again we should find them springing
up. In Spain the government itself would
have found itself obliged to take the initiative
in granting democratic institutions to the na-
tion. All over the continent, the proclama-
tion of peace would be but the signal for civil
war.
The Chevalier W ukofS-HU Public Career as
Sbowman, Journalist and Diplomat-The
New York Herald and the London Times.
The official certificates brought forward by
the Chevalier Wikoff, in the "lamentable
comedy" of his adventures with Miss Gamble,
establishing his late diplomatic association with
Lord Palmerston, have proved to be exceed-
ingly perplexing to the incredulous directory
of the London Times. They are evidently dis-
cussing a mystery in discussing Wikoff, or
Nichoff, as they blunderingly Russianize him;
and yet, in tacking him on to the NEw YORi
HERALD as an editorial diplomat of the Czar,
they betray a knowledge of the real character
of the Chevalier, which could hardly have been
derived from conjecture. theymust have seen
their man, or consulted H. U. Addinglon, or
Mr. Bates, or the diplomatic Mrs. Grote, or,
peradventure, the cruel and intractable Miss
Gamble herself, in anticipation of the "Court-
ship and its Consequences."
In order, however, to enlighten our London
cotemporaries respecting the diplomatic office
of Wikoff under my Lord Palmerston, and his
present alleged engagement in New York as an
emissary of Russia, we deem it worth the
candle to give an outline of his whole public
career, from his departure hence beyond the
seas, some twenty odd years ago, with a for-
tune in his pocket, in quest of adventures, down
to the unfortunate issue of his Italian cam-
paigns in pursuit of the hand, or "half the
income," of the incomprehensible and inflexible
Miss Gamble.
SSome twenty odd years ago, then, the Che-
valier Wikoff, of Phadelphla, possessed of a
collegiate education, a fortune, youth, a good
figure, talents, confidence, ambition, and a fixed
resolution to enjoyhimself and make a noise in
the world, went over to Europe. After a time
he returned, bringing with him the embodi-
ment of a prodigious sensation in the person of
Fanny Elesler. Under his managerial protec-
tion she danced all over the United States-
creating a perfectfurore, and coining money
by thousands in every enraptured city. It is
difficult to say, even now, when the softening
influences of time ought to insure an impartial
judgment-it is hard to say whether the glori-
ous legs of Fanny, the danseuse, or the won-
derful voice of Jenny, the nightingale, carried
off the premium in this country, in public en-
thusiasm. We rather think that Wikoff and
Fanny were the more rapturously received,
while, owing to the subsequent discovery of the
California gold mines, just In the nick of time
for the nightingale, we guess that Barnum and
Jenny gathered up much the larger contribu-
tions of solid cash.
This victorious enterprise with "the Elseler"
gives us the first professional vocation of Wi-
koff. It was the profession of a showman, la
Barnum, and had hie been equally successful in
his subsequent characters of journalist, diplo-
mat, and lover, he might now be the envied
master of a winter palace in Paris, a summer
villa on Lake Como, "a shooting box on the
Upper Misalsealpi," and the happy husband of
the lost heress, with all her income, said to he
not less than the interest of one hundred thou-
sand pounds sterling. But in dropping the
showman to become journalist, Wikoff com-
mitted a fatal blunder. His success with "the
Elesler' indicated his proper calling; and he
should have followed it up. as Barnum did his
European mission with Tom Thumb, with other
attractive novelties and dlebrities. Barnum
acted wisely. He had dabbled a little In jour-
nalism himself, but it was not his calling, and
he abandoned it. Wikoff should have done the
same thing. Pity he didn't.
SHe became a journalist. He set up a demo-
cratic paper in New York, but it fell through.
Democratic party papers always do fall
through in New York. He next tried the
higher branches of his party politics in
the Democratic Monthly Review. Bat that,
too, proved a losing investment, and he sold
the concern at a sacrifice. Next, we believe,
he made a dashing experiment in the mercan-
tile line, under the attractive title of the Can-
ton Tea Company; but for the want of a good
agent at Canton, or some other cause, this en-
terprise also proved a failure.
But our elastic and ambitious Chevalier was
not the man "to give it up so." In 1849 the
reaction from the European revolutionary re-
vulsions of 1848, opened up an inviting field
for extra diplomacy at London and Paris, com-
prehending the newly developed important re-
lalions of the Old World with the New. This
was, perhaps, the true field tor the talents, ex-
perience, and sagacity of Wikoff-the field of
supplemental diplomacy. So he reappeared
in Europe; and having previously visited
Louis Napoleon in his prison at Ham, as a sym-
pathizer in his misfortunes, the Chevalier had
secured a friend of the first importance for his
diplomatic debut. He commenced writing on
political affairs, in the French journals, in con-
nection with the political institutions of the
United States and the policy of France, keep-
ing his eye upon Louis Napoleon. He was in-
troduced, at Paris, to the British legation, and
from his flatteringrepresentations to them of the
policy of manufacturing public opinion through
the newspaper press on both sides of the- At-
lantic, in behalf of more intimate relations of


VOL. XX.


I


lance between the Know Nothings and the T %U -R T COIGMSD."OR S
abolitionist& Is it so? What says the State eaCOSD esmON.
Council of Massachusetts? Let them speak, or Houme of Repxeaentative&.
forever hereafter keep to the north of Mason wMsMasMro, Feb. 3, l85b.
& Dixon's line. The case looks as bad for the PRivAn ILLS PASSED.
Know Nothings as Seward's re-election. In The House passed the thirty.six private bills which
connection with it, if effected, this manifesto of Twere considered m committee ysetorIay.
Wilson as the Senator of the Massachusetts COLT CHARGED wr m B zuMxcsM, arO. ,
Know Nothings, makes them a sectional party The House then went into Committee of the Whole on
at once. The South can have nothing to do the private calendar, with Mr. Greenwood in the chair,
with them. The Know Nothing State Coun- and the first bilUl on the list boeing that for extending the
ois of tihe North must speak on the slavery Colt patent, for improvements in fire arms, seven years.
i)Sof the North must Speak on the slavery Mr.Pwx (dem.) of New York, moved it be passed over
question, or be ranked with the anti-slavery informally. o
n. T y t r t W n or be Mr. PRATr (dem.) of Conn., by unanimous consent,
coalition. They must repudiate Wilson, or be made an explanation, and said this matter had been
themselves repudiated. The existence of the mSglfied into such importance as t3call for a select
committee, which is now acting It wa one in which he
Know Nothings as a national party hangs had a personal interest. (Laughter.) y this hemeaut
upon this question of slavery. Their first that thereputationofanintimate personalacquaintance
IsIcinvolved. (Renewed laughter.) Colonel Colt has a
elected Senator is a boastful abolitionist of right, as an American to apply to Congress for what he
believes to be just. He ba been charged indirectly, if
the Giddings stripe. Is he a good and ac- not directly, with doing what is unbecoming anhonor-
cepted Know Nothing, or has he deceived able man-such as using improper means and 0outeide
influence, and attempting to bribe members of this
them? The Presidency is closed to the order House. Colonel Colt is as honorable a man as any
if they permit this Wilson to stand as their on this floor--and there is not the slightest par..
tcle of truth in the charges. If any gentleman
exponent in the Senate at Washington. His has been bribed let him rise in his place (laughter),
manifestowill be a bom l n Vir Let either io the way of pistols, money, or anything else.
manifesto will be a bombshell in Virginia. Let He (Pratt) would say, with all respect for the Select
Henry A. Wise read it to the people as the Committee, that he looked on this whole movement as a
reflection on the character of the House. He did not
proclamation of the Know Nothing Senator know a gentleman here who could thus be bribed.
elect from Massachusetts to the South. A VocR-If so, let him show hmelr. Mr. Colt's
Kr. Psr.r, rosuining As to Mr. Dickerson, Mr. Colt's
What say the Massachusetts State Council, agent, he did not believe he would be guilty of conduct
r n C s If t he a i unbecoming an honorable man. All that Mr. Colt asks
and other Northern Councils? If they are in is that Congress will give its opinion, one way or the
league with the anti-slavery factions, their other, on this bill.
yA question of order sprung up as to whether the bill
race is run. could be set aside, but the Commiteee refused to do so,
by a vote of ayes, 29; noes not counted.
TH 0 A T E TL TE ST N E w S Mr. CAMtIhEL, (free soil) of Ohio, said the charges
T W S. fixed the responsibility in no particular quarter. He
had seen nothing to throw corruption on any person.
MGNETI uN pRINTINGH TElRP, e was not prepared to believe, not even to suspect, any
BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPH, member of the House was so base and lost to honor as
Ito involve his character in such a way. He had never
Important from Washington. seen, nor expected to see, Mr. Colt, but was in favor of
RESIGNATION OF DUDLEY MANN,A T the bill, because he believed it to be best for the country
AO UY8ISTANT C to renew Colt's patent. He had one of Colt's revolvers
TARY OF STATE. made a present to him in 1848, in New Orleans, by a
WAsisiarTON, Feb. 3,1865. dear friend, now deceased. He found it a good instru-
It has transpired that A: Dudley Mann has resigned mont, answering his purpose very well. When at home
ofb St t ta :he amused himself with it shooting t]ate. He hoped he
his position as Assistant Secretary of State, to take might ever find occasion to use it for a more serious
effect any time before the first of March. It is under- purpose.
stood his resignation grows out of the Soul6 affair, the Mr. L1rcmR, (dem.) of Vs., in reply to Mr. Pratt,
observed he did not say Mr. Colt had acted properly,
Ostend conference, and the changed policy of the ad- because it was a notorious fact that at the time he ap-
ministratlon as regards Cuba. The President does not feared before the select committee he was drunk, and
wish to accept Mann's resignation; but so far, the latter his mind obfuscated. If gentlemen would take the
deteminaion trouble to examine his testimony, they would find he
is firm in his determination. had no definite Ideas of the sum of money his agent had
distributed. ,
WAsHINeTOS, Feb. i3, 1855. Mr. CHuAiERLtIN, (dem.) of Ind.-Do these questions
COLLECTOR REDFIELD'S RaSIGNATION-APPOINT and answers constitute a part of the written report?
Ma TS-THE MEOCHANIOS'INSTITUTE EXHIBnIION. Mir. lxaCmrA-No,a sir. It would have been a hard
The Metropolitan Mechanic Institute Exhibition, matter to daguerreotype the testimony otf a drunken
he Metropolitan Mechanics' Institute Exhibition, man, He read irom the testimony in oraer to show that
opening on Thursday next, is overflowing with goods Dickerson had an unlimited power to draw on Colt, and
mere elegant and numerous than at any previous sue- that fifteen thousand dollars on the books of Colt's clerk
cd e x in.u Tie te fr the aareion sof (Jossyn) were unaccounted for: and further, that the
cessful exhibition. The time for tie reception of compe- money was spent to help the bill along through Con-
ting goods has been extended to Monday, and those for grese, as was suspected, though Mr. Dickerson refused to
exhibition merely, till Wednesday evening. The North answer as to the use of the money, saying the committee
s e l l in s o ** had no right to look into his private matters.
has contributed largely in choice specimens of artizan- Mr. PBiAT- Why does the gentleman place any confi
ship. deuce in the testimony of Mr. Colt, if he was drunk ?
It Is represented by interested parties that Cillector Mr. IxrcimwN-Tlie committee was convened for hii
couveII esonce, and he ought not to have come before it in
Redfield, of New York, has never intimated a desire to tbat condition I have no confidence in his statement.
bs relieved from the duties of his office, and that the ri- Mr. W.ALSU, (den.) uf N. Y. (Mr. Letcher yielding the
more to the contrary are false, floor)-During the )ast election in New York there were
John B. Mler of New York, a been nominated tO three candidates for Governor aud three for Lieutenant
John B. Miller, of New York, bee Governor. I see two of them present-one of them, the
the Senate to be Secretary of Legation to Peru, iu place gentleman on the rum ticket, is inside of the hall, and
of James C Marriot, resigned, the other is in the gallery. 1 sould ask that commit-
tee be sent to Ceneral AugustuseAdolphus croggs, in-
Theappointment of a successortoMr.Pleasaton, the viting him to a seat on the floor. (Laughter.)
Fifth Auditor, has been made by the President, but not Mr. Lcmm-R-Is it expected I shall defer my remarks
yet announced, until the committee go out ? (Laughter)
-The CHAIRXAN (to Mr. Walsh)-We are in committee
UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT, now.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 3, 1855. Mr. WALS--Send the Sergeant-at-Arms.
Cases for trial in the Supreme Court ncrt week:- On Mr Lzruan concluded by saying the bill should not
Monday-No. 60. Carrington vs. Brigg an Pra'.t. Tues- be acted on pending the investigation of the select coil-
day, 6th-No. 61. Ship Panther vs. the United States. nmittee.
No. 62. South vs. State of Marylanul. Wednesday, 7th- Mr. I'sa T remarked he certainly understood b&.
No. 63. Ternans, administrator, vs. Eve. Thursday, Letcber to y I private conversation, that there waf
8t.-N. 64-Arkbntaon vst Woodward,. nothing disbonorable in Mr. Colt's conduct, Mr. Colt
was sick, and had jist come out of his chamber when
Destruactive Firec near quebec,. he appeared before the committee, his friends then fear-
MOnx ah, *. 3a' 18 n; Jor his life. He eas surprised Mr. Letcher had ac-
MosNTREAL,, eb. S5.. cu ed him of being drunDk.
The west wing of the Asylum at Beaupres, near Que. I Mr )Uscex--The gAntleman says Mr. Colt was not
bee, was entirely destroyed by fire yesterday morning. drunk. 1 appeal to my colleagues ou the select com-
The institution contained nearly two hundred pa- mte'. (de.) -I regard r. ots in
noneof homwereinjred lil daageis eti-. Mr. lEtnvy, (dew.) of led, -1 regarded Mr. Colt as in-
tients, none of whom were injured. The damage is exti- ioxicated. I do not 1now any other member who came
mated at $12,600. to a different conclusion or expressed different opinion.
Mr Ritnrs, (det.) of N. C.-I so considered him.
The Fire In New v Orleas. Mr. .ost.i.cot5.T, (whig) of Tene.-Tho impression on
1 N1N Oi Feb. 2, 856. y min i, while I believed Mr. Colt intoaxicated, was,
t cit last- ni e .g h 1amo 6. that he we ain the blids of men who might be abashrpers,
I-he loss by the fire in this city last night amounted to and who could ruin him, but I believed him tu be au
$125,000, and is fully covered by insurance, honorable men.
i_ ~Mr. 0nltt,(dem.) ofrN, Y-Mr. Colt wasto have
Steamalsip Movemeint. been examined in the morning, but the committee being
THE FALCON AT C IARLESTON, SHORT OF OOAI occupied, )ris exa inatirc wase rstponi'l tIll evening.
CARtTi.STOn, Feb. 2 186.5 ie appearesil efoe thie t*imntittce t Ireatly after dlinnter,
The steamship Falcon, from Havana, bound to Xel and se-med to be Phlghtly excitedi.
York, has put into this port short of coal. r.-EuIOT, -(whig) of leass-I-T feel tbrund to say what
I minbrui t-i -I ., and vet canuneot o rnborate ti, the
711S s' I 'fl Lt.F AT CHA PLsETOs. ,, *t ii. ,h ii' t .,,'. inr-, 'nirgmnla ( tChn-li ) sa.d. I
I .li -il i e a, e'. 2, 15x5. .- r.l ,,,.h.,- It-ni r w1 ris n. I sbouli lbe lothit i
The Fteamehip Nashbvll LasIs arrived at this pert, in tauOisr s n,,n i thire I- lnl senseE intnoxltte-l, nil
forty.s:r Lonros ItIom tw li'trL.' t Ille iJtJ r'e "ViE. L I.I IL h lul people t&tlc futnl'ii.


H-.. ,^ ^


where. Pessib'y he may have over-colored the
importance of this novel element of diplomacy
-possibly, in an innocent way, he may have
exaggerated the weight of bis personal influ-
ence over the public journals of the United
States. Whatever may be the facts, the esca-
pade with Miss Gamble, and its unhappy de-
nwuement, abruptly closed these diplomatic
newspaper functions of Wikoff, and threw him
at length again upon the world, considerably
out of pocket, but with much additional useful
experience in the fickleness of fortune and the
uncertainties of heiresses and international
newspaper diplomacy. &
Successively a showman, a journalist, a di-
plomat, and a lover in pursuit of an heiress, to
a dungeon, Wikoff, like gold refined by fire,
emerges at last in the pleasing role of the laugh-
ing/ philosopher. His "courtship" has also
opened a new mine for fame and fortune. It
sells better than Barnum or Greeley-much bet-
ter. Barnum's book is excessively vulgar-the
worst of his humbugs; Greeley's is flat and
stale; but Wikoff's courtship is piquant, roman-
tic, and rich in the caprices of lovers, and the
mysteries of the secret service fund of the Fo-
reign Office. Another book, however,may soon
be expected from our laughing philosopher, es-
pecially devoted to his diplomatic career and
services under the auspices of Louis Napoleon
and Lord Palmerston.
With the publleation of this book our mysti-
fied London cotemporaries will probably dis-
cover the exact f.ent of Wikoff's alleged edi-
torial relations at this time with the NEw YoRE
HzRLn as a Russian emissary. The Czar, we
are quite sure, will not object to the disclosure,
and we desire it. It is quite likely that the
HERAm was included in the diplomatic pro-
gramme with Lord Palmerston, though we con-
fess that we have had as yet no information
from either Wikoff or Mr. Addington upon the
subject. Enough. We hope that the foregoing
sketch of the public history of the author ot the
"Courtship," in the interval to the publication
of his diplomatic engagements and services un-
der Palmerston and Louis Napoleon, will serve
to quiet the apprehensions of the London Times
concerning the present alleged copartnership
of James Gordon Bennett, the Emperor Nicho-
las and the Chevalier Wikoff in the editorial
management of the NEw YORK HERAU. What
is the latest from Sebastopol?

GENERAL WiLSON, Op MASSACUSETTS, STILL
AN AoLrnomnST.-WHAT SA THE Kwow No-
THRNGS?-Read the proceedings, in another part
of this paper, of a late anti-slavery meeting in
Boston-the speech of Anson Burlingame, and
its full endorsement by General Henry Wil-
son-and It will be manifest to every mind
that the first man elected by the Know Nothings
to the United States Senate Is the most fana-
tical and implacable abolitionist ever sent to
that body. He endorses all that Garrison or
Abby Kefly Foster could urge in opposition to
Southern slavery, excepting the immediate
dissolution of the Union.
What does this mean? It looks like an al-


Two Penons Drowned while Skating.
PHILAMzIPMA, Sb. .3, 1855.
This afternoon, as a party were skating on the Schuyl-
kill river, above Fairmonnt, the ice gave way, and Earle
S. Shiun, a druggist on tire corner of Broad and Spruce,
and Miss Russell, his wife's sister, were drowned. At
the time the accident occurred, he was skating along,
and pushing Miss Russell on a sled. A large crowd were
present, and saw the accident, but were unable to render
assistance In time to save them. The bodies have been
recovered.
Burning of a Chair Mlanufactory.
BosTrON, Feb. 3, 1855.
A fire broke out this morning in the furniture manu-
factory of Joseph L. Rose, in Hawkins street, damaging
the building and stock to the amount of twelve thousand
dollars. Insurance four thousand dollars.
The Weather andi Business at the West.
CaIAGO, Feb. 2, 1855.
The weather here continues very cold, but all the rail-
roads are open except the Chicago and Mississippi. A
emalil portion of the Illinois Central road has not, how-
ever, been heard from.
CuwnmesrT, Feb. 8, 1858.
The weather here is very cold. Navigation is still sus-
pended. Business is very dull.
PrInsauB Feb. 8,1855.
The Ohio river is still closed up here. The weather is
very cold. The thermometer stands at 16 degrees above
zero.
State of the Weather at the Eas.
MorureAL, Feb. 2, 9 A. M.-The weather here is clear
and cold.
HaIraAX, Feb. 8, 9 A; M.-A heavy snow storm set in
here last evening, which lasted during the night. This
morning it has the appearance of rain.
8S. JOHeer, Feb. 3, 9 A. M.-Snow fell to the depth of
three Inches last night. The weather is fine and cold
this morning.
SAcKvnx, Me., Feb. 3,1855.-About six inches of snow
fell here last night. The weather is clear and cold to-day.
CALais, Feb. %, 9 A. M.-The weather is moderate, and
the wind northeast. It commenced snowing early this
morning, and the snow is now about three inches deep.
EAsTOnTr, Feb. 3, 9 A. M.-It is snowing hard here,
with a northeast wind.
BANGOR, Feb. 3, 9 A. M.-Three inches of snow have
fallen here this morning.
Po lrTu Feb. 3, 9 A. M.-One inch of snow has
fallen here. The weather is moderating, and It is now
clearing up.
BOTeosN, Feb. 3,9 A. M.-The weather here is moderate;
snow fell for about an hour this morning. The sun is
now shining brightly.
SPIwrmNFLD, Feb. 3, 1 P. M,-It has been snowing
briskly here for the past hour. The weather is cold.
MLarkets.
PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOARD.
PHILADELPIA, Feb. 8, 1855.
The money market is easy to-day. Stocks are firm;
Reading, 373j; Morris Canal, 14%; Long Island Railroad,
14%; Penna. Railroad, 43 Penna. fives, 87X.
Nzw ORLAZs,'Feb. 2,185a.
Our cotton market has been unchanged to-day, with
sales of 6,500 bales. The week's business foots up
60,000 bales, and the stock on hand is 200,000 bales.
The receipts at this port are 60,000 bales ahead of the
same date last year. Sterling exchange is quoted at 56
a 7% per cent premium. In Rio coffee, the week's sales
have reached 10,500 bags, at 8%c. a 9Xc. The stock
now on hand is 77,500 bags.
COABRLrON, Feb. 2, 1856.
Our cotton market is unsettled and favors buyers. The
sales tb- day were 2,600 bales, at prices ranging from
6c. a 9._________

AFFAIRS AT THE NATIONAL CAPITAL

Private Bills Passed in the House


ToS COLT PATENT EXTENSION.

VALUE OF AFTER DINNER TESTIMONY.

Col. olt'os Social EccentrIcities.

INTERESTINi CORRESPONDENCE,
AmL, eo., &A.


(Lei.glhtr.) It is r;ght to say that, after the ftamuna-
tion was completed, I felt conslralned to believe that
Mr. Colt was a man crfhooor. He said nothing to shake
my confidence in hli inner iunte'itv. I thought he was
in fortunate hanei, anl might well exclaim, 'Save
me from my friends." The tsamination was conducted
in the afternoon.
Mri. Tsussroe, (dem.) of R. I.-I was present during
the examination of MKr. Colt. He seemed to be some-
what excited-whether with disease or drink I don't
know.
Mr. LrcEB-I should not have made any reference
to this, but for the allusions of the gentleman from Con-
necticut (Pratt).
Mr. E mncros, (dem.) of Ohio, doubted not that the
members of the House sometimes get a little confused
after the dinner hour, (laughter,! and therefore ought
not to be so particular. The action of the Select Com-
mittee amounted to nothing. It will sink into forgetful-
ness, as have all other investigations. The committee
was notoriously a failure. In 1531, Mr. Colt invented an
operating arm, but, owing to the difficulties in construct-
ing such a weapon as could be usedwith safety, did
not receive a patent until 1886. Mr. Colt and his
friends were incorporated by the Now Jersey Legislature
in that year as a patent arms manufacturing company
with an authorized capital of three hundred thousand
dollars, two hundred and thirty thousand dollars of
which was subscribed. The company went into opera-
tion, but the capital was exhausted by the great difficulty
in manufacturing the arms., After six years the armory
was sold by a decree of the Court, leaving Mr. Colt
heavily in debt. In 1840 the patent was renewed, and
Mr. Colt recommended manufacturing, in a small way,
arms for the government. From evidence presented, he-
has invested all he could command, between three and
four hundred thousand dollars, to perfect his plan and
machinery, so as to produce a perfect arm.which would
not Tbe worth one-fifth the sum for any other use. Imi-
tations of Colt's pistols are made of cast iron and other irm-
perfect material, at a much less cost than the genuine, so
as to deceive the purchaser,and they are dangerouIto use.
Mr. dolt's pistols are all forged cast steel, perfect in all
their parts, and fully reliable. Such arms as he manun,
factures cannot be made except by machinery equally as
perfect and expensive as his. Imitators will not incur
the expense. If the patent shall be extended, he can go.
on perfecting his machinery, and manufacturing an arm.
more reliable and cheaper than any other, defy-
ing competition. If not, he will be driven from the
market, the public imposed on, and he divested
of his entire capital. The price in 1838 for the pistols.
was forty-five dollars. It is now sixteen dollars. The
object of the .patent laws Is to benefit the police by
encouraging men of genius to exercise their time, ener-
gies and talents, andthe profits of an invention should,
be proportionate to the public benefit. He showed the
great extenttgovernment has been benefitted by this in-
vention, saying Mr. Colt devoted twenty-two years to It.
From 1831 to 1849 he has never received a dollar's aid
from government while he and his friends have sustain-
ed a loss of two hundred thousand dollars. By the ex-
tension of his patent, which Is now asked for, he seeks
to reap the reward of his labor.
Mr. Edgerton, without concluding his remarks, yielded
the floor for a motion for the committee to rise, wnicuk
prevailed, when the House adjourned.
Our Washington Correspondence.
.WAswTor oN, Feb. 1, 1865.
The Army BiMi-Gein's Facific Railroad BiUl-2he
eirech .Spoliation mZais-Report of the Secretary of
War-the hilitia Force of the United States-She Kin-
,tey Epeditiou--Why Attorney Geaeral Oshing Op-
poses the rpedfitio .-Interesting Poist BGEfore the Su-
preme Court-Ilnaes of Mrs. Gen. Hoeuston, c., &tc.
The Senate of the United States was engaged the whole-
day yesterday-and is still engaged to-day-in the dis-
cussion on the Army Appropriation bill. It seems hard
to bring this debate to a close and to get a vote on the-
question, although but a few days more of the session
remain. Just as it was supposed, yesterday, the Senate-
was ready for the vote Gen. Cass rose ani announced
that due regard to hisL reputation required that he-
should be heard on this bill before casting his vote, and,
accordingly he addresses the Senate to-day; immedi-
ately after which it is expected to take the vote, which,
will result in favor of four additional regiments to the
army.
Early next week, Mr. Gowin will report him Pacific Rail-
road bill, providing for a single road on the SotoLhern or
Texas route; and front the confidence expressed by the
members of the Special Commi;ttee, composed of the
ablest men in the Senate, I am induced to believe that
this bill will pass the Senate, though it may be lost in
the lower House for the want of time.
The French Spoliation bill is still in a critical condition.
-having to pass the Senatorial and executive ordeals. A
powerful move will be made to defeat it in the Senate.
An effort will be made to amend it, first, by providing
that no assignee shall receive the benefit of its provi-
sions; that tailing, the next effort will be to limit as-
signees to the amount actually paid by them. Alter wor-
rying threugn the Senate, should the bill survive the
labor then it has to face the veto prerogative of the-
President. I hear the ,pestion frequently asked, ,"Wil
the President veto the bill" I am inclined to the belief,
from all that I can gather,-that he will not. Gen. Bayly,
who is the confidential personal friend of Gen. Pierce,
has evidently received assmances from him that he will.
not veto the bill, or he (Gen. B.) would never have de-
voted so mush time and labor to securing itsf .sage.
The greatest apprehension is as to its p-obable defeat in
the Senate.
The House of Representatives is still progressing with
the Territorial business. Some sharp sparring occurred
yesterday between CoL Benton, of Misouri, and Mr,
Richardson, of Illinois, on the Subterranean Telegraph
bill, though not resulting, as the fracasdid the day b.-
fore between Mr. Farley and Gen. Lane, in blow. t
was only a war of words, and as amusing as hariuess.
I am pleased to ay that that the difficulty between Mr.
Farley and Gen. Lane has been amicably settled. They-
are both brave, sensible gentleman, having nothing to-
gain by a fight, and losing nothing by an honorable ad-
mission of error.
The secretary of War transmitted to Congress yester-
day his annual report, showing the effective militia force
of the United States, as follows:-
Infantry-Commissioned officers............... 46,022.
Non-commissioned and privates.....1,769,335
Cavalry-Commissioned officers................ 910,
Non-commissioned and privates...... 12,153
Ritemen-Commissioned officers............... 1,96
Non-commissioned and privates..... 362,4
Aggregate-..................................2,401,683
Ordinance stores now in possession of the different
States:--
Muskets........... 225,103 Loose balls..... ...149,020
Bayonets ... ......122,796 Pounds rifle powder 4,852
Ball cartridges..... 33,703 Swords...... ...... 21,9-
Carbines........... 756 Cavalry swords..... 3,760-
Rifles.............. 90,602 Horsemen's pistols. 20,610
In my letter of Tuesday last I noticed the rumor of a&
expected proclamation from the President of the United
States, prohibiting the departure of the Cntral Ameri-
can expedition, under Col. H. L. Kinney. I then ex-
pressed my doubts of its correctness, being unwilling to-
believe that the administration would prove s teacner-
eus to an enterprise it bad fostered and encouraged. In,
this I did the administration but justice; forI coan now
assure you, upon the most reliable authority, that there
is not one word of truth in the rumor; it is wholly and
entirely a fabrication of parties here, who are in toe pay
of the Transit Company. When I say this I speak from.
the record, with the evidence if necessary to back my
assertion. The adm nistration has from thWeincipienoy
of the enterprise, been possessed of all the plans and in-
tentions of the colonists; and opposition was heard froial
but a single member of the Cabinet-Mr. Attorney Gene,
ral Cashing-whose opposition to the expedition spring
from his counter interest in the Transit Company,
This he dare not deny. The evidence is in this
city sowing him largely interested in this company,
andl hence his opposition to the Kinney expedition.
Whenever he shall require the proof of this it
will be forthcoming. Mr. Marcy disclaims all:
knowledge of any intention on the part of the
administration to interrupt or interiere in any
way with the expedition, and as it is reasonable
to suppose that he would have known the fact, if any
such intention existed, at least as early as those who-
have given publicity to the falsehood, I think I amn.
justfied in pronuurcmg the rumor of the anticipated.
proclamation entirely without foundation, and that the
administration fully endorses the expedition. !
A question ot deep interest is now before the United.
States Supreme Court, in the case of Noel's Reps. vs.
the State of Pennsylvania. The point is the distinctlon.
between erycpstfacto laws and laws merely retrosoective.
It was decided in a cave in 5 Peters; but there the.
law was so clearly not e.n post facto, that the court
gave bht little consideration to tue distinction. In the
cafe now before the court, this high judicial tribunal is.
called on for tile first time to define and mark out plain-
ly and distinctly the difference between these two-
descriptions of laws: Messrs. Ewing of Ohio and Hart
of Pennsylvania appear for the appellants, and Messrs.
Hoid and Scott ot Philadelphia for the appellee.
Gen. Sam Houston has just received a ,elegraohic
despatch announcing the serious illness of Mrs.
Houston. Hopes, however, were still entertained of her-
recovery. IK.
CORItE5PONDhSCE OF OTEit PAPERS.
[Correspondence of the Noith American.]
W~smrn.NTroX Jan. al,1855
Yer ,one on Scin--War Mesage Anticipat'--Ges .
Coass in Tio-ubc.
TIle effect of the ieeentiy developed change of policy
towards Spain is the subject cf very earnest discussio- \
by gentlemen o1 all parties in Coigress, Ademand Ia to
be made upon that government such as she never has-
c mplied with, and probably never will, until compellel.
by superior jorce. Spanish obstinacy is almost a pro
verb. It is intended to require of her not only material
indemnity for aggresiouns, but a surrender on what may
be considered the point of honor, n smelv, an apology and
reparation fo- alights and Insults to our flag.
As it would be absurd and humiliatine to make a de-


mand of this character, without taking effective mea-
suren for its enforcement, it may be presumed that, ii
rejected, the Presicent will at once employ the military-
and naval force of the United States to vindicate the
rights o1 the country. The means te be employed ae-
obvious. They arc reprisals upon Spanish commerce,
and a blockade of the Island of Cuba. It is, therefore,.
inevitable that a "war message" should be sent to Orn-
gress during the present session, asking; autborly. io-
getithlr with the means to support iue repsbentaliaIbA
which Mr Breckenridgc will be inusarutted to make.
'lbhe instructions of the mtiahgaui Legislature to iher
Senators relative to tire Mtssouri compromise andi thw
Nenraal. a. i, i.-' (e.ni rl Cas. a great deal of troi,1,1.
They sti nly esp-ak ,1 i trrLq o ,l.appromral n I.,. p.at
course upon theque.,'ions ,ivrlved ia Uipe latter mH .
niure, but they direct hbl to brine n a till for the re.it .|
ration il the compromise, unJ I,. ui- Its aslpt,,lu by,
hir % vice aud velt. r. enurs le I.pnoal WL1 1 ii *n,"
lor tire dniocratlet doctrine io obe-dene to !netrili-
I tions applies only to cases in which demoeratin.
.egpeiriltirtrs iuntr-u. t ppoait .n Senators, In. which,.
..rh*tjnthR)cy ti lti.r sip duty tbanuil- &to i)bey
or rislgr. ut.l when tile rolr'.r-ry of this hapi
pen", ail the deisd etort ras to b it. i, to-,rr tbat thi
mjitr.rihv whe giVj thoe netrutkt'lu4 ers e sliului"q. or
i h:l]er or ltar nrwt i -, tht L h t 5y t&, t. .tli 0 loo









NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1855.


-short, loope consltrsttonits or miscoostructionista-
Dn) tbIig-co that Si-v re-p.rsenu opinions andpurposes
Srepugaunt to the iotureets and feelings ol the person in-
structld.
W.ecin'Trov. Jan 23, 186555.
7The Gatrsvig rf Poteiitsui 1,t Wahm.hni-o-Th-: T,(o
organs
There is an unusual gatherig uf Peinsylvaisa and
New YTurlk pohticiani at W'ab,ngtrn. Prominent among
th<>fr hom iLe former State i Governor figler. The ob.
ject of his vtL is uppocel to be eIrnneed with tie
Freuch mission the Governor Is accompanied by a on.-
adlerable dategation of dem','ratlc members or the IA.
.ilamure, who are underasto.l to have come prepared to
furnish certlifiCRtes of the diplomatic abilities of Mr.
Bipier, together with affild%. t of his democratic orth,-
dosy, which, your evaders Jld remember, was impeaahsd
* doing the la'e canvas, on, the ground that he ,iil not
accept the Nebraska act as a test, and privately connived
at the repuoastion of the iisSoUi Compromis..
II t be t-rgetd that to bestow this distinguished and
much cesetd I.ositlon u|,on Governor Digler would be'
Puch a concentration 0ol patronage upon Pennsylvania
as would give just offence to the faithful demucrac of
ether Statie. it may be answered that Mr. Buchanan has
limited his stay abroad to next October, and that, even
though he should ,speot to retain the place and the
salary which he -njojs, the loco'ocoismin of Pennsylva.
uas of a deeperdye than that of any other northern
State, and its disciples ar entitled to a double share of
executive favor.
The convocation cf soft shell politicians from New
York, including the Surveyor, the Postmas ter, the depu-
ty Ditrict Attorney, andl several ex-members of Con-
8ree, has reference to the enlargement of the Mint es-
tablisbhment, the obtaining of an appropriation for a
post office and a federal court house, and tue bestowal
Of sme suitable testimonial of merit upon Governor Soy-
snour.
The two organs of the administration are attuned to
discordant notes. The Union is an apologist and expo-
inent of Cl. Kinney and hia projects; the Star opposes
the Central American expedition with formidable rea-
stoning and predictions of failure. It has an article this
afternoon which Is thought to have been prepared by
the Attorney General, and which intimates that the
government is about to Interfere to prevent the consum-
mation of the plan of the adventurers. This is in ex-
act accordance with what was statedin this correspon-
ence last week. _____
als for te .Paclit.
T' NNW YORK HERALD-CALIORNIA EDITION.
the United States mail steamship George Law, Capt.
,. V. Fox, will leave this port to-morrowafternoon at two
lodleek, for Aspinwall.
bThe mails for California and other parts of the Pacifil,
W close at one o'clock.
The New YoMs WmaiT HERA.LO-Californla edition-
eataling the latest intelligence from all parts of the
world, will be published at eleven o'clock to-morrow

Single copies, in wrappers, ready for mailing, sixpence,
4eante will please send in their orders as early as pea.
able. _________
Tbe Prohbeltitory liquor Meaaute.-If the
prohlnitory liquor measure reported by the majority of
the special committee of the Legislature, becomes a
law, it appears to us that many valuable medicines coon
gaining a large per centage Of pure liquors, will have to
be removed from their appropriate places of sale, and all
traffic in then reiumsorlied to the town or ward
electer, who alone is allowed to sell anything that, by
any technical twisting, may be called an intoxicating
bevemge There are many articles of a medicinal cba-
racter, poscessmg the-objectionable intoxicading quality,
(if too freely indulged in,) which ought not 'o come
under the ban of the law, and the sale of which pro
perly and appropriately belongs to apothecaries and
druggists generally. If a person is laboring under the
afiotion of chronic diarrhore or any disease of that na-
ture, he or she thus circumstanced does not waoL t) re-
etal the fact to a ward or a town elector, merely to
obtain a little cordial or dysentery mixture; nor does he
wish to gratify the prying curiosty of the said elictor,
by telling him why he wishes to purehMs an elixir medi.
cially adapted to a disease or class of diseases quite
common toocur species; nor yet does a man in apparent
good health, though groaning under those forms of dis-
ease for which the celebrated Aromtlic Schiedam
b sopps are particularly adapted, feel any disposition
taesate full particulars to the privileged elector, (who
would know as much of physiology, anatomy, or material
medical as a pranirg ape,) in order to obtain the me-li
cle bhe requires. It seeom to es the law should be &
ittle more definitely liberal an tnis point. There is no
oMe medidne out of the hands of physiycian-i which is
effecting more good in the cedmmonity than Lhat just
named; and for the convenience of the public, It, an well
Ssmoes others that might be mentioned, should be kept
in the hands of druggisats and medicine dealesrl. The
gmunine Aromati Schiedam Schnapps, prepared by
dolphus Wolf, are an purely amedicis as the extract
of sarspilrdl, and themr sale should not be limited to
any particular agency or person. It would be well for
oar law makers to be more discriminate in preparing an
etnetment of such vast publlo moment. The law is
good; batto beoperative, it must be so framedas to
subserve the public weal-Brookelyn Morning Journal.
Rev. Henry Ward Bee her's Opinion of
Wolfe's Aromatic Schledam Schnapps
[From the Independent, Nov. 11852.]
And-now, if our readers would ihke a sober word in t he
way of our honest opinion we would say that we regard
isl a about the most impudent attempt of a gin seller,
tricked up with a medical endorsement, to get the pat
range of that large class of orphan drinkers, ma-le by
tile Maine Law, who desire to have all the beaesta of
rbli, with all the respectability of temperanm and
I' t ir..w -gg .ta .. nte.resting game long
known under the very homely phrase of ,whipping the
devil around the stamp."
WBJrSSI GOVE11VYOB OPINION OF WOLS'S CH.NAPPS.
[From the Tribune. Nov. 30,1884.]
The Comsmittee oa PriMns (Gouvs. Duke and Dogro,) to
whom was referred the propriety of using Wolfe's
Schiedam Aromatic Schnapps in oar hospitals, respect
tully report that they have examined the article, and
in their judgment it possesses no advantage over other
brands t I gin at muci less cost; and therefore recom
saend that thim Board do not endorse it over the pure
Molland gin. Adopted.
ARTHUR KENDALL, No. 7 William istre-et,
mell the pure Holland gin, warranted as imported, by
the gallon, at 82; sample bottles 50 cents each ; tweite
bottles in case, complete, $6.
Chenp Day Goods-Thoain Who are In Want
ofdry goods muit not fall to visit the store of E. H.
LRADBEATER, 347 Broadway as he is selling the nchest
and cheapest goods in this cilty. He is now selling dress
llk tramn 4is. to 63 per yard; fine French merunoe, from
So. to se: rich ribbon at Is.. and shawls, bombarnes,
plaid Cashmeres, barges. &e., equally cheap
Wet Lnen, Wet Llnens.-E. H. Leadbeater,
347 Boadway, is sellg fins shirin Imnea, atl 2e., 25s.
ed and 3s. per yard: slightly damaged by water on the
voyage of importation, but warranted as good as when
frat msde. Also, towels and table cloths, table damask,
ad sbheting.linenas; also one case of rich printed bireges,
at 2a per yard._______
Great Nervous 3emedy-Cure for all-Dr.
WILLIAMS' nervous pills, sold only at his depot, 69
Fulton street, Brooklyn. 61 per bos.

Broken Bans.-Present Value.-AllAU City
banks taken at part; Governmmot stock, 7b cents. Briuge-
ton, 90; Wheat Growers, 90; Washtensw, 40, Lewis
County, 30, indiana Banks. 90, at EVANS' clothing
warehouse, 66 and 08 Fulton street.
Winter Llothling at HinlfPrlre.-Blaek Bea-
ver overcoats, S12, tailmas, $11, cassimere pants. S2 50;
business coats from the great fire, $1, kid gloves, 5s,
Ae., atiEVANS' clothing warehouse, 66 and i8 Foulton st.
Improvement In Dentlstry.-Dr. Levett,
dentice, 12 Waverley place, near the New York Dolel, in
Tiles the public to witness she success of hbs various ,m-
Drovements for artificial teeth, allowed by those who
ye tested them to be unsurpassed.
Geyler's RelIance Salamander Sales.-Only
depot 205 Pearl opposIte Fletoher street. No safe more
reliable against fire and burglars than GAYLER'S Hun
d'eds bave proved practically useful to merchants, jew-
elers, __.
Deflance Snlamander Safee.--Robert M. Pat-
Is the cole manufacturer an the U alted elatesof
above ctiebrated safety, and F. C. Goon's impene-
kfbhi defiance locks and cross bars. Depot No. 192
.fterl street, oe door below Maiden lane.
Brandrethl' PUn.-Sold In the Year 1854
of these pills, one million seven hundred and fifty thou-
cand boxes, and their sale is still on the increase. [ ask
if this issto be wondered at, when they perform sioh
work, as those stated below. S. BRA WORETH.
Naw YTOs, Feb. 2, 1856.
Dr. B. BstAimvtas .-
From the great use of tobacco I became so debilitated
about eight yearsago that my phystciaas considered It
impossible for me to recover. I wac worn down to akin
snd Bones, was afflirted with chronic dyapepsis, and eve-
rything I ate disagreed with me. I had constant pain in
my chest, my bowels were costive, and seldom move-i
without recourse lo medicine, which debiliscted me more
and more. In this condition I was recommended to use
nir vegetablee universal pills I did so, and gradual.
Became rectuied to excellent health through their use.
ey mildly, yet energetically purged, and after each
pordani seemed to be endowed with new life. My ori-
ginal robust health was soon restored, and I thank God
lom nowa vigorous man of fifty.aix. But for your
pills I verily believe I should be now in my grare.
I shall be pleased to see any one at my store, and will
afata further particular. I anm, very respeclfully, your
obedient servant, JtO1EPH KERR


No. 813 Btoadway. above Eleventh street, or at the
IrvingHoase, New York
Mosat the world coutminue to use baneful mercury,
lo lose blood to be thus often rulnel in consuilita.
tion, when BRANDERETH'S pills would, in a fev.ldays,
have restored the patient to an Improve.l state of
health? Over one million persons hase esperieneed
tbeir good effects. and daily r'commenei them to the af-
Iided. Brandrelh' pillas are e',id Ml 2i cents per bix,
with lull diriclions, at the prin,-lpil ,Eflce, Brandrastli'
building-entranre No. 43 t'aual at-eet: -la.l at the
branch offices. 21 Hudion street andl -'74 Iowerv. Re.
tanmber--Bsandretlh's pr.rcipal office is in the buail.ling,
corner of Canal stresst and Broaiway, entrance 4 Canal.
rTo Nervomla Bn fl'elr.s.-ThIe Rcv-. John DI.
Dagnall's prescription sPet ifieei unywb.ire, on r.,-
reevng tpost psidi a letter directed j7 1 uillon sliest,
Brook ly. .
Hollowsyp's Olintment-14t1ionlhhslig Cure,...
lrofoesor 1OI m.OWAY, when al MosCow on a visit to
Prince 1I-- orff, in Iour weeks corsd his consoi t of an
uemrated br.ast. For this extraordinary cure the
Prince pres'.ntd hm wilh s gold sniff boa, set in dia-
moinds. Tbse ,'eletrated oilnpnant -ill cure any snre or
ulcer. Solid at the manuriatories, 9O Maiden lane, few
Yark, and 244 Stram':. I ondioi, and by all driirgitil, at
2b cents, C62% i/nte, sad S1 per pot.


Jotepb Loeketl, Son i Co.,'51 Fusltnintre(t,
nFarly opposite Clinhoton stnet, are onw mal.igw onc
Dnw style, of laIl Ifringes, and woull aino invite the
atthnuioa of ladiea 1o L0b- r tlieDdid aseortmrnt of dr'-a
and cloak trinmiina N B -Trimninmmio ide t. oider

OTERTISENENTS RENEWED EVERY DAY


LACKWOOD AhD THE BRITISH REVIWS.NE\V
volumes of all conmeuco about January. Terms
Of subscription-Any one Review or Blackwood, $3 a
:eariBlackwood amd one Review, or any two Reviews,
le; ou..nr Pevipe an.i ]li.-' w.ol $10.
L. bCOIT CO :.l tuli t street, corner of Fulton.

POST OF'ICB! SOTICES.
OFST OFFICE NOTICE-THE MALS FOR EUROPE,
L.per S steamer Pacific, will close at thbia otce on
Wednesday, the 7th day of February, at lo o'clock
A.M. ISAAC V. FOWLER, Postmaster.
OST OFFICE NOrICF-THE MAILS FOR CALIFOR-
nia, &c., will close at this office on Monday, the 5th
day of February, at 1 o'clock P. M.
ISAAC V. FOWLER, Postmaster.
* 'OST OFFICE NOTICE-THE MAILS FOR CALIFOR-
Snia, &c, per U. S steamer George Law, will close a
this office on Monday, the 5th day of February, at 1
o'clock P. M. ISAAC V. FOWLER, Postmfater.
LECTURES.
C AFTER AND CHARAiCTER OF O'CONNELL-A LEC-
ture on the above subject will be delivered in the
Broadway Tabernacle on Monday evening, by Thomas
Earcy McGee, FSqk Tickets can ae had at the door.
p SYCHOLOGY.-DR. BENTON CONTINUES HIS LEO
_ tures and amusing experiments at Botanic Hall,
hast Broadway, on Monday and Tuesday evenings, Feb.
6 and 6, and commences at Temperance Hall, 25 Avenue
D, between Third and Fourth street, on Thursday and
Friday evenings, 8th and 9th, at 7% o'clock. Admit-
tance 12% cents. Office for operation, 438 Broome at.

PHE &tADMN _, d ,.
TO DAGUERREOTYPISTS-A GOOD OPERATOR, WHO
L thoroughly understands taking pictures on paper,
may hear of a good situation South. by applying to L.
Chapman, 118 William street, New York.
W ATECD-TWO EXPERIENCED WATCHMAKERS,
one for the South anD one for the Wesl. Apply to
Platt & Brother, 20 Maiden lane.
ANTED-A CARPENTER, WHO IS WELL AOCUS-
tomed tofranme house work. Apply to J. Moore,
201 Bowery.

T MILIrTAiRY.
ROUGIHAM LIGHT. GUARD--THE FIFtH MANUAL
ball of the above company will take place at the
Chinese Asembly Rooms, on Monday evening, Feb. 12,
6i.6. JOHN MSDERMOIT, Chairman.
B. BRAnamL, Secretary.

PERSONAi.w

CHARLES HAS RETURNED FROM BOS'ION.

INFORMATION WANTED---RESPECTING WILLIAM
Maddox, a native of Liverpool, England, about forty
ear of age, and stands about five teet five inches high;
has black hair, full black whiskers, and rather dark com-
plexion. Some three years ago he worked as a laborer
at the Novelty Works in this city, and is supposed to
have gone West. Any Information respecting the above
person will be gratefully received by his family, and
may be communicated to John Trippett & Brother, 62
William street, New York.
INFORMATION WANTED-OF JOHN KELLEY. WHEN
X last heard of, about two months ago, was in ht.
Louis, Mo. Any information concerning him will be
thankfully received by his wife, Fanny Kelley, at 346
Greenwich street, New York. Western and Southern
papers please copy.
IF JANE D-N, WHO WAS FOR A SHORT TIME
at Mrs. Quillinan's, No. 6 John street, Minorles,
London, will address a letter to Temple Lane, this office,
she will hear of something to her advantage.
M ISING.-MI. P. N. ZAYAS, A CUBAN GENTLE-
man, left the house No 7 Thompson street last
evtning, at six o'clock, and has not since been heard of.
be is unable to speak the English langurge, anil cannot
tell his own resaidence, which Is 462 Broome street. Any
per=rn conducting him to his house will be amply re.
wrorded.
PERSON AL.-THE RELATIVES OF GEORGE F. ALLEN,
recently mate of a chip out of this port. and sup-
posed to be from Pennsylvania, can hear something to
their advantage, by applying to
JAMFi W. PHILIIPS, 62 South street

HARDB TIMES.
A MEETING OF THE SIXTH WARD RELIEF ASSO-
A ciation will be held this evening, (Sunday,) the4th
instant, at the school house, 70 Elm street, at 7g P. M.
The members and thepubhc are respectfully requested
to attend. By order of
HENRY H. HOWARD, President.
IOXEI0 JAcOBS, Secretary.
POLITICAL.
THE YOUNG MEN'S DEMOCRATIC IREPUBLICAq
General Committee for the year 1865 are requested
to meet at lammany Hall on ruesdIay evening, Feb. 6
at half past 7 o'clock. JOHN L. DEVElI.lN.
Chairman of Committee of 1854.
C. J. CAMBXmLIMO, Secretary.
D DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN GENERAL COMMITTEE.
.--The members of the above committee are re.
quested to meet at No. 3 Centre Market'place, on Sun-
day, Feb. 4, at one o'clock, for the purpose of attend-
ing thl Ifuneral of our late associate, Daniel O'Meara,
Esq. By ornsE, [fORACE F. CLARK, Chairman.
PrisUr. B Swwsy, Secretaries.
JOHN y SAV.jR.J

SPEC1A1. NOTICES. _
H ACKMEN ATTENTION-NOTICE.-A MEETING OF
owner and driwrs will be held Iat Mr. Kerrigan'is,
t \ hbte street, on Monday evening, at s o'clock. Punc-
tual attendance is reque.trd, as busine-s of impo:tauce
will be brought heiore the meeting.
JAMES LEONARD, Chairman.
Wm. H. CADMus, Secretary.
1 0. 0. F.-THE H. W. GRAND ENCAMPMENT OF
SSouthern New York will hold the semi annual ses-
sion in its room. 0. F. Hall, corner Grano street, on Mon-
day evening, Feb. 5th, at 7% o'clock P. M. By order,
JOHN J. DAVIES, G. Scribe.
X OTICE.-THE COLLECTOR OF THE TOWN OF PKL-
ham will meet at the North American ,'Hotol,
bowery, corner of Bayard street, to receive taxes of
unresident owners of lots at Pelfamville and Iruospeat
Hill, in said town, on the 2d and 9th of February,tn the
city of New York, from 9 o'clock A. M. to S P M.
BENJ. F. HORTON, Collector.
N OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THERE WILL BE
a special meeting of the stockholders of the Aneri -
can ann Foreign Iron Pavement Company, at their office,
110 Broaeway, New York, on the 15th ay of February
next, at 1I 2.. for the election or seven trustees.
New Yore, Jan. 24, 186. I. H SAGE, Sec'y.
N EW YORK AND LIVERPOOL UNITED SrATE9
Mail Steamship Company, 6 Wall street.-New
S ork, Feb. lst, 1S8.b. Notice-The annual election for
,tirectors of thits totopsy wll be held at this office? on
Thursday, lst Mar~h next, between the hours of 12 M.
and 2 P. 11. WM. L. YOULE, Secretary.
"l4 OnCE-THE UNITEi Si'ONE E'TERES ARE HiIREBV
Jl notified to meet in lilleman'n EHll. corner of
Twenly.,lith street and Ssrnth avenue, on Tusedoy,
the 6th inst at B o clock P M., for the purpose of oi'ld-
ing funds. By order of the President.
+_ JOHN SYMMERS, Secretary.
FfOUBO LIIERARY iNsririirE-rHE MEMUBER.l.
and public are respecifnlly informed that the rint
meeting at the new rooms. NO 416 Broome street (tel
ol Broas~ay.) will take place thi iSunday evening, at
.7 P. M TLe objects ot this institute are the litersry
culture and social advancement of the HBbrewcommni-
ty. Reed IEr. H. A. Henry and others will address the
meeting, after ahich their, will be a debate by the dis-
russion clrse.

LOST A&ND IOUND.
LOST-ON SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 3,-1831, AN
English terrier, with a blue collar around his neck
asd a brass lock to lt Ibhee dollars reward wili be given
an noon as le is returned Apply at No. 1 Mechanics'
alley.
LOST-ON THE 2n OF FEBRUARY, ON THE SIDE-
walk of Ho. 7 Vandam street, or 28 west Fifteenth
street, in getting Into or stepping from a carriage, a
bracelet of corals, with gold setting. The finder will be
handsomely rewarded by returning it to either of the
above residences, or at D. M. Carter's, 535 Broadway.
I" ObT--A LADY'S VALUABLE GUIPUtIE EMBROI-
dered pocket lianckerchief, inWoodhull street, be-
tween Henry and Columbia streets. The finder will be
suitably rewarded by leaving the same at 77 Woodhull
street, Brooklyn.


IULLINERY GOODS.
ITRAW GOODS. FRENCH FLOWERS, &e.
SWe ise row opening our stock of straw goods,
I. rt och lo.rer, &c., of the latest importation and manu-
facture, to the examination of which we wouldinvitethe
ArienLtion of cash purilnaseri, as to them are offered the
greatest inducrmenmt th* I.regent season.
H1BuAER & KETCHUM,
Nos. 64and l"John street,cornerWilllami, New York

DNTISTBtY.
A RARE OPERATION WILL BE MADE FOR $0--A
A beautiful and useful set of thirty-two teeth, up-
per rnd l,'jer setw, on Ite best gold plisA, warranted for
tile, aui, as I wear myself, leeth ran be insrted with-
out extracting theold roots r'r NAPOiLEON PRETER-
RE., 6,J broadway, trrmerly 4b0 Crandl J'rtl.

U N3I &rA PAY.
TTU S. NAVY SAII U-Os AND 0S'HBS.--EXTRA PAT
1U. promptly pail, bounty land warrants obtained,
bought and sold pensions procured balances due heg'rs
or deceased U. 9. seamen collected', and all kinds i
claims against the U. I.reovered by
EAWteR9S ISay E ,
Agent and ate FPrger V. 8. Us. 67, 1 Wal~rtrigt.


BALES AT AUCTION. -
SSIGNEES SALEMORTGAGEESSALE.-NOTIC0 IS
A hereby given that by order of the assignees of
Messrs. Kipp & Brown, and also uoder and by virtue of
a chattel ,,orthig. ,iitq.i by said Kipp & Blown, the
,lualul. lii,,if l trik".. brown as the .-Chel0f Line,"
itr.r rly v tiji.n.pIo to niii Kipp & Broio, together with
tire hoi.es. sligh-, carti,i harness and all the property
and appurtenances belonging to or connected wth said
line, will lie sold at public auction, at the stablis in
Twenty-sixth street, between Ninth and Tenth aveonu's,
on Friday, the 1th day of February Instant atll o'clock
A. Mit, Sale positive: term, cash.
A AUCTION NOTICE--CROCKERY,l!LASS ANOCHINA.
J, S. H. BARTLETV, Auctioneer, will sell on Wed-
,,ils.), 1February 7, at 10 o'cloik, at No 281 Pearl
siei. in lots from the shelves to suit purchasers, a
superior quality otwhite granite ware, glasi ware, Pa-
rian, Boclitlgham and glpsey ware. Sale peremptory.
A AUCTION NOTICE.-ASSIGNEE'S SALE OF CROCK-
Sery, glass and china.-J. E. VAN ANTWERP & SON
will sel on Tuesday, Fe0. 6, at 10 o'clock, at their auc-
tion room, 216 Pearl street, by order of the a.uignee,
from the shelves, an extensive sto*k of crockery, ils,,
and china, of a dealer unfortunate in business. terms
cash on delivery, in bankable money.
A AUCTION NOTICE -MORTGAGE SALK.-EXCELLENT
S household furniture, tapestry carpets, large oval
mirrors, oil paintings, silverware, &d.-T. L. SMITH,
Autioneer.--Monday morning, at 10% o'clock, the fur-
niture in the large three story house 76 Franklin street
near Church, consisting of elegant carved rosewood
parlor suit in satin brocade, mahogany sofas, cushioned
chairs, rockers; rosewood centre, side and card tables,
book rack, music and corner stands; elegant tapestry car-
pets, nearly new, large oval mirrors 24x44, rich brocatelle
and lace curtains, costly oil paintings, extension tea and
dining lablee; bedroom furnitures of the best kind, viz:
rosewood and mahogany bedsteads, bureaus and wash-
stands, made in the best manner; also, maple and other
bedsteads, cane seat chairs, two elegant painted bed-
room suits; bedding-sheets, pillows, blankets, feather
beds, hair mattresses, common washstands, and crock-
ery, bedroom carpet, lounges, china vases, elegant
china tea sets, best cut glassware, cutlery, rich silver-
ware, ealvers, castors with heavy cut bottles, cake
baskets, spoons, forks, rich plated tea service, &o. The
sale will commence with the kitchen furniture, which
embraces a large and desirable assortment of everything
necessary for housekeeping. Persons about going to
housekeeping will do well to attend, as everything will
be sold contalnel ia the house, and without the least
reservation whatever. A'cash deposit required from all
purchasers.
B Y 0. A. WATERBURY, AU(P1ONER.-UR,-i- 1L.
Sled sale -Tuesday, Feb. 6. at 10% o'clock, at our.
store, 38 Broad street. This sale includes the balance
of Breting, Freres & Co.'s watched, some of which are
self winding and setting, requiring no key for either
purpose, being a late patented improvement; also, others
of same make, which are double timers, and have inde-
pendent seconds; valuable watches for travelling and
timing race horses. Each watch is put up in an ebony
case, handsomely inlaid, and have attached B., F. &
Co.'s guarantee for two years, besides extra face, crystal
and spring complete. This sale affords a fortunate op
portunity for all who desire a very correct and valuable
pocket piece at a sacrifice from the regular trade price
of these celebrated watches. The jewelry embraces al-
most every article in the line, such as rings, pins and
bracelets, set with brilliant diamonds aud ruby stones;
also, silver ware in variety. For full particulars, see
catalogue cn morning of sale, which is positive, without
any reservation.
UGENE B. FRANKLIN, AUCTIONEER-BY FRANK-
LIN & NICHOLS office 81 Nassau street.-F. & N.
would moat respectfully announce to their friends and
the public that they will give their prompt attendance
to sales of household furniture, merchandise, &e., at
private residences and stores.
J BOGART, AUCTIONEER-BY S. BOGART, SALES-
s rooms corner of Frankfort and William streets-
Personal attention will be given to the sale of household
furniture, at the residences of families breaking up
housekeeping, and to out door sales generally; and at
the salesrooms, of furniture; dry goods, groceries, &c.
Goods stored, insured and advances made when required.
First regular sale at the salesrooms, on Wednesday, 7th
February, inst.
JOHN W. SOMERINDYKE, AUCTIONEER-TO HOUSE
i movers, house and dock builders; screws and lure-
her at auction on Tuesday, February dth inst, at Ns. 11
Forsyth street at 10 o'clock, five sets of metal screws,
suitable for builders. Also, a quantity of lumber.
WILLIAM T. BOYD, Salesman.
SOHN W. SOMERINDYKE AUOfIONEER-MORTGAGE
Sale of hotel and restaurant furniture, on Tuesday,
February 6th inst., at 11 o'clock, all the furniture, &o.,
of the Fountain Hotel, corner of Centre and Franklin
streets, consisting of the furniture of Thirty-seven bed
rooms; bedsteads, mattresses, beds and bedding, carpets,
washdands, toilet sets, mirrors, &a.; alo, parlor furni-
ture sofas, wardrobes, office chairs, window shades,
reading table in office, large iron safe, desk, setteee,
counters, bar fixtures; also, the saloon furniture, table,
chairs, bIen, crockery, glassware, counters, oyster stand,
clocks; alae, steam boiler adid pipes, steam table, cook-
ing range with copper utensils, &-, &c.; this property
has been in use less than a year.
WILLIAM T. BOYD, Salesman.
R C. KEMP, AUCrIONEER.-FURS, SLEIGH ROBS,
&c.-Thursday, Friday aud Saturday, February 1,
2 and 3, at 10%) o'clock each day, at 401 roadway, cor
ner of Walker. R. C. Kemp will sell as above, the balance
of stock of furs. to close the concern, conltaluig of all
the usual 'a rlety of first etas ftrs. Call mai eaxamine,
and buy if you please.
R UOSELL W. WESTCO1T, AUCTIONEER-HOUSE
si ale of superb furniture on Monday morning, at
10' o'clock, at 72 Eighth avenue, six doors from Four-
teenth street.-B. W.BST(OTT wisell l by catalouge,
as above, the entire handsome furniture contained In the
house. Sale peremptory, without regard to weather.
All in fine order, and consists In part of rosewood and
uahoany te a-totes; one magnificent rosewood ete.
gere, French plate doors;two splendid pier glasess,25x90,
with slabs and brackets, rosewood parlor furniture, in
brocade and hair cloth, en suite; armchairs in velvetand
hair cloth; rosewood marble top centre and sofa tables,
divans ottomans, secretary' bookcase, rich tapestry,
royal Wilton and other carpets, lace curtains and shades,
velvet rugs, splendid mantel vases and ornaments, or-
mnlu clocks, silver ware. napkin rings, salvers, rich
castors, cake baskets, seoons, forks, card receivers, &c.
Also a number of beautiful paintings in oval frames,
rosewood and mahogany bedsteads, marble top dressing
bureaus, enclosed washstands, elegant French china
toilet sets, superior hair mattresses, feather beds, oval
mirrors, sofas, sp aing seat chairs lounges, cottage and
dining room chairs, extension dining aud tea tables, oil
cloth, cut glass ware, rich coini tea sets. ivory cutlery,
crockery, &a., embracing a splendid variety of every-
thing to be found in a handsomely furmshed house.
Catalogues can be obtained at No. 9 Chambers street.
W ILLIAM IRVING, AUCTIONEER-BAY HORSE-
WWILLIAM IRVING & 00CO. will senll at au-tiou on
Monday, February 5, at 12 o'clock, at the stables of Hugh
Quin, 23 Walker street, for account of whom it may
concern, to pay expenses of stabling, bay horse. Partic-
ulars at sale.

REBWAItDS.
ahi^r REWARD.-LOST, ON FRIDAY NIGHT, A
O50 small pocket book cuntainiog three hundred
and ninety-two dollars and. some papers of value to the
owner, supposed in the Eighth avenue cars, The above
reward will be paid to any one returning it to J. B.
JENKINS, 44 Wall street.

(Ih REWARD -LOST JANUARY 2, 1855, GOING
30 irst street Williamsburg, a patent lever gold hunting
watch, gold dial, with chain, locket and key attached;
an old lady's likeness on one side of the locket.l he
above reword will be given to the finder, by leaving It at
Mr. Brown's esgar store, 142 Grand street, Williams-
burg, L. I.
&-)O REWARD,-STOLEN, FROM THE SLAUGHTER
MDA.0 house yard of the subscriber, 538 Hudson street,
on Wednesday night, Jan. 24, two large dark red cat.
tie, tarred on the rump. The above reward will be paid
to any peseon who will furnish such informatIon as will
lead to the conviction of the thief. Apply to
CHRISTOPHER DWYER. No. 8 Washington market.
$2O REWARD.-STOLEN, FROM THE DOORWAY
fyU of Gaige's daguerrian gallery, 369 Broad Ciy
on Monday, January 29th. one gilt frame, cuntainIng
five pictures. Also, on Wednesday 31st, a large rosewood
fame containing seventeen pictures, The pictures were
all those of ladies and children, and are of course of no
use to any one but Mr. Galge. $20 will be paid for the
apprehension of the thief and the recovery of the pic
tures, or a proportionate sum for any portion of them.
.P. GAIGE, 869 Broadway.
a i(bI REWARD,-LOST, ON MONDiY AFTERNOON
CJ./ last, on the Fourth avenue, or in St. Mark's
ace, south ot Twenty-second street, or in cue of the
Fourth a-v nue care s h~aci lace seil The abovereward
will le paid on lei vig it at 7 t.. hirk's place.
TWENTY DOLLARS REWARD WILL BE PAID AND
J no questions asked, if the person who took by mis-
take or otherwise, Irom the hall of house No. 9 Ludlow
plae, Houston street, on Sunday last, a black cloth
talma cloak, 1ned with black satin, aud faced with silk
velvet. Twenty dollars will be paid if the finder will
send the cloak to the above place.

TPHE BALL SEi8ASON.
MASONIC BALL-THE NINTH ANNUAL BALL O0
the M. W. Grand Lodge of Free aud Accepted Ma-
sonaoftne State of New York, will be given atNiblo's
Saloon', on Tuesday evening, the 13th o' February, 1855.
Tickets at $2. to admit a gentleiran and ladies, may be
obtained at the Grand Secretary's office, No. 600 Broad-


way, or of the committee, vlz:-James Herring, Lowis
Feuchtwnger, N. B. Mountfort, James H. Howe, John
Mansfield, Robert Roberts, and M. J. Bennett.
THE CANADIAN BENEVOLENT SOCIETY WILL GIVE
their ccond Annual Ball at the Apollo Rooms, 410
Broadway. on Thursday, 8th February. Tickets tf ad.
mission, 41-to be bad at the Manager's, and otthe Pro-
prietors of the Apollo' Booms, or at the door on the
evening of the ball. N. B,-Dodworth's baud has been
engaged for the occasion.
"RMTAURANTS.
BAIJ.A-DURING IBE BALl I EASON. r/iIOR
aloon, between i'rinie and Spring alefil. <%Il nIe
kept open till one o'cloo. u h o,-,ommoIJatc perric ',, i ,
ing to tak e supper.
OWNlNC '--r\ 0 ii .jl. %rill '-I HA'r li 1111;
j dfay rci .-r, .1 p r-., .. Lu i ul I.nn I'Qy Fct trra
pin, well I tn.s I... -uilrrn epicurte iIIch I iul
serve up, aon ieuI to uri t, Iari the city. Also A L lo
of Eperior I.i :t. Jl.('M.- U l',W'[NF:,
NSo Prnd ta.rmvt -


A MARRIED FRENCH LADY OF RESPECTABILITY
and education is on the point of renting a hand-
some house in a gocd situation, no' far from Broadway,
and convenient to the cars and stages, between Eighth
and Twenty.fifth streets, with all the modern improve-
ments and would like to secure, beforehand, four gentle.
men of respectability and means totake furnishedapart-
ments, with breakfast only. She will give the best re-
commendations as regards her respectability, and will
expect the same in exchange. Address S., Iox 1,053,
Poet Office.
A FAMILY OF FOUR GROWN PERSONS ARE DEBT.I-
rous of obtaining a handsome suit of rooms in a
private family, having a house with all modern Improve-
meets. They want first class accommodations with a
private table liberally supplied. Unexceptionable rtfer-
ences given and required. Add eea box 2,498 Post Office,
postpaid, stating location, &c.
GENTLEMAN AND HIS WIFE CAN BE ACCOM
A modated with a well furnished, second story front
room and bedroom adjo1ing, if required, with a small
and respectable family, who will endeavor to make their
guests comfortable and at home. Apply at 21 'West
Twenzty-second street, near Fifth avenue.
A GENTLEMAN AND HIS WIFE, AND A FEW
single gentlemen, can be accommodated with full
or partial board, by applying at 12 Neilson place, one
door below Eighth street. The house contains all mo-
dern improvements. Unexceptionable references given
and required.
SINGLE GENTLEMAN IS IN WANT OF A ROOM
with or without partial board, in a private family,
has no other boarders; would pay a liberal price if
suitedl. Best of references given. Address D. G. S.,
Herald office.
eDOABD.-POSSESSION GIVEN IMMEDIATELY.-A
parlor and chamber, in Montague street, the most
esirable situation in Brooklyn, can be had, on immedi-
ate application to box 3,136 New York Post Office.
OARD-TWO SINGLE GENTLEMEN, OR A GENTLE-
man and wife can be accommodated with a large
pleasant room, with a private family, and in a house
with all the modern improvements, and a very respect-
able neighborhood, by applying at No. 116 West Twenty-
first street, between Sixth and Seventh avenues.
BOARD-WITH CONVhNIENT APARTMENTS FOR
families or single gentlemen; a very desirable
location for gentlemen doing business down town; cars
and stages passing to all parts of the city. Apply at No.
4 Abingdon square, second house from Bank street.
B OARD.-ROOMS AND SUITS OF ROOMS, FOR GEN-
tiemen and th*ir wives, or single gentlemen can
be obtained in a highly respectable family, by applying
at No. 9 Ferry street, Ahland place, accessible by cars
and stages to all parts of the city; rooms furnished or
unl umnished. Belerencea exchanged.

BOARD MAY BE HAD. IN A SMALL, RESPECTABLE
J family, for a gentleman and wife, or two single
gentlemen, in a first class houee, with all the modern
improvements, at 113 Hammond street, near the oars
and stages. Booms furnished or unfurnishjd.
-DOABD-FORA GENrtLEMAN AND WIFE, IN AHOUSE
JU where there are positively no boarders, below
Twmty.thlird street. Prices must he low. Second or
third story; gas and grate, with fire. An elderly family
preferred Prices muet be given in answers. Reference
given. Address C. F., Herald office.
OARD.-ELEGANTLI FURNISHED ROOMS TO LET,
B with or without board. The situation is one of
the most fashionable in the city, and near Fifth avenue.
The house is new, with all the modern improvements.
References required. The family will not move on the
first of May. Address Home, Union square Post Office.
BOARD CAN BE OBTAINED FOR A GENTLEMAN
B and his wife with newly furnished rooms, at 64
East Twenty second street, near Fourth avenue. The
house contains modern improvements, aud kept
Gre time avcomnmoda,.on of a fe. select boarders. Din-
T as 0A O'clot. l-eremrbres exchanged.
SOARD FOR A GENTLEMAN AND WIFE, IN A HOUSE
where there are positively no boarders, below
IBeenfy-third street. Prices must be low. Second or
third tory, gas and grate, with fire. An elderly family
preferred Prices must be given in answers. Reference
given. Address C. F., Herald office.
B OARD-WANTED, IN A GENTEEL PRIVATE FAM-
J) ily, by a gentleman and his wife, breakfast and
tea for the gentleman, and full board on Sundays. A
family where no other boaroers are taken pro erred;
references given and required. Address for three days
Mr. F. F, Hexald office.
-BORD WANTED-AT FORT HAMILTON, BY AN
ku Ijish geutleman and wife, siry room i indispen-
bable, for six months from the 1st day of April. Ad-
dress, stating all particulars, care of Arthur Kendall,
No i William street.
BOARD WANTED-IN A PRIVATR FAMILY. FOR A
J. gentleman and laiy, in East Broadway, Market
f*cet or Henry street. The gentleman will furnish his
own room if required, and take board for a year if suit-
ed. Please address B. W. 0., Clinton Hotel, stating lo-
cation and terms, which must be moderate. Reference
exchanged. -. ..
B BOARD WANIED-uFOR A GENTIMMAN AND WIFE,
B an oufurni-hed Iront loom andpantry, ortwo
malll rocnms brea.lati and tea for the gentleman. Lo.
cation from Houston to Tenth streets, between avenues
B and D. Address A. B. C., Dry Dock Post Office.
B OARDING-AT NO. 8 BEACH STREET, NEAR ST.
John's Park.
OARDING.-TO LET, WITH BOARD, IN A PRIVATE
family, a back parlor and bedroom on second story.
Houme has all the modern improvements. A gentleman
and his wife preferred. References exchanged. Inquire
at101 Second avenue, or adifress box 101 Herald office.
BOARDING, AT NO. 436 GRAND STREET.-ONE
large front room and pantry, suitable for a gentle-
man and wife or two or three single gentlemen. Several
smaller rooms, suitable for two or three single gentle-
men.-
1IRVING PLACE, CORNER OF FOURTEENTH STREET.
S Rooms may be obtained, with board. Location de-
sirable. Apply as above.
FURNISHED APARTMENTS TO LET-WITH PARTIAL
A board if desired, and the use of a bath, at 15 Bed-
ford street. The Houston street stages pass the house
on their route.
FURNISHED OR UNFURNISHED APARTMENTS, IN A
first class house, with or without board. Also, a
fine large front or back parlor, for gentlemen only, at
No. 379 fourth street.
BNISHIED ROOMS-WITH OR WITHOUT PARTIAL
board, can be had at 106 Grand street, first block
west of Broadway. Terms moderate. Location conve-
nient and desirable.
FURNISHED ROOMS TO LEr-SUITABLE FOR ONE
or twogentlemen. Inquire at 116 Forsyth street,
between Broome and Delancey streets.
J ANDSOMELY FURNISHED ROOMS TO LET-IN
f suites or separately, at No 36 Twentieth street,
between Broadway and Fourth avenue.
PRIVATE BOARDING-A LADY AND GENTLEMAN
can be nccomidaltd with an elegantly furnished
front room in a private family, with board for lady only.
Price $14; location near corner of Broadway and spring
street. Address Byron, Broadway Post Office, for two
oays.
PARTIAL BOARD.-SIX OR SEVEN YOUNG GEN-
S tlemen can be accommodated by a widow lady, who
will make them comfortablehI in every respect; two minutes
walk from the cars. Inquire at 73 feventh street, in the
basement.
TO LET-A FEW APARTMENTS, AT THE CORNER
of Twenty-fSist street and Flfth avenue; possession
immediate. Apply to U SCHUMANN, livery stable, No.
5 East Twenty-first street. Also, rooms to 1et at No. 10
Downing street, at $4 and $i per month. *
T O LET-A FRONT PARBOR, BEAUTIFULLY FUR-
nish.ed, to a batchielor or gentleman and wife; west
side, and near Broadway, ini the Immediate viomnity of
Miblo's. Addiess Tenant, Herole office, or Broadway
Post Office.
W ANTEni-BY A GENTLEMAN, A IUi.NI-.ltb
room, for pernmnent or transient use, lo-aliOih be-
tween Grand ant Fourheenth streets, and Second and
iotliv avehunes, in a private family where there are no
o'ie, i.hgr.g. Address C. M. E., Broadway post ofice,
fur ti'.U nay.
;TANIll'-l'OAili IN BROOKLYN, NEAR THE
V lmrtflc i iiir-lrsi,,.i room and bedrooit asdoioiini,
:or n r t iltnisa noil la.iy P'artial board for tri- g-nlte.
man I> m PIi net to e'o-il right dul.i per weti. B.,s:sl
r'-"l .esie. Bnd reference given if required Adshiu
.hiesi''Bn, IHil[ 1 ofiaice
y 1OU WILL BE I'oLirTEI DUIEC'lr D TO SrITABLE
hebeiieg place ,tlroc ui.l-,,g,"- urboarders will be
iii tou tiviile famili,+ I,','n.r -.i houses or hotel., hy
0ph.1) int at te Agen. y i,.' Clinton Hall, corner of
I tgto street N h -Is.;i office ha no pitty t.ench
l|rDl .tt etsaidi alolos


________BMiiprarL.______
VOR uTR-l-OOL--UNIrfED lSTAr MAIL STEAM.
ship PACIFI, E. Nye, IC'ommander. This selpam.
talp will depa n iLth the L nilt.I states mails i ur I. iroIt
l-0t.v rly cn Wedesday, Fsbroaury 7, at 12 o'cliock M.
frum 5.cr l.-rh, at the'foot of Can]l street. For frelgli
Or pBsnsagc, hfinp onequalled sccommoatloas for ele-
gance aid cE.-frt-. apply to
EWAKD KI) R. COLLINS, 66 Watl lStret.
Pasengers are requested to be on board at IIt. A M.
The Atlantic will succeed the Paclda, and sail Fee. 21.
bShippers a1 please tale notice that the ships of
this line cannot carry any goods contraband of war.


MOARDGNO AND LODGINO.
752 ROADWAY-AN EI.KL'ANT EuIr OF FUR.
Sal nished apartments to let, silh l.onsi, to a
lamily or ingle genhn.m-nn. Private table only. The
oiuh-e ,.oR1iin. all h, me-,irn improvements.
2 3o4 TENTH STREET-PLEASANT FURNISHED
.4 rocms, with all the modern improvement.
can be r0rou rod In a private family, with or withunut
br.adl, In i.it'litely. Neighborhood unsurpassed Refei.
en ,( Sthisoiged.

fI a O EAST BROADWAY.-A GENTLEMAN AND
J.16 wile can bo acconimodated with a i.plamant far-
nisbed room, with full or partial board. A Am sogle
gentlmen can also be acconmmodated with single rooms.
74 WFST TWENTY-THIRD STBRE,-ONE LARGE
S.a nd very desirable room, with pantry attached, on
s.-csnd floor, suitable for a gentleman and his wife, may
be obtained. Also, ore ball bedroom, for a single gentle.
man, may be obtained). House conveniently located
four doors from Sixth avenue. References exahaeged.1
1 UNIVeRsrte PLACE.-BOARDING IN ONE OF
the most eligible locations in the city, in the inm-
mediate vicinity of Broadway, Fifth avenue, the principal
otelea, amusements, &c. Extra suit of rooms for a gen-
tleman and lady. Also, rooms for single gentlemen,
upon advantageous terms.

2BOND STRET, NEAR BROADWAY -FURNISHED
rooms to let, with full or partial board. Dinner at
half pt five o'clock.


0O9 SOUTHAMPTON AND BAVRE.-THE UIT
r fiSates mail steamer UNION H. Adams, Commander,
will leave New York for Havre, touching atSouthampton
to land the malls and passengers, on Saturday, Feb. 10,
at 12 o'clock, from pier 87, North River, foot of Beach

Price of Passag-FirstCabin..................... 14
S --Soeeond Cabin................... TIS
Luggage not wanted on the voyage should be sent on
board tle day before, marked i below." No freight will
be taken after Thursday Feb. & For freight or passage
apply t MORTIME LIVINGSTON, Agent, 63 Broadway.
STEAMSHIPS BETWEEN HAVE AND NEW YORK
S direct.-The steamship ALPS will sal from Havre di-
rct for New York, (without calling at any port in Eng-
land.) on Saturdayj, 2tlh of November. The rates of
freightand passage i first and second cabins will be
very moderato. le sailing of the succeeding steamers
will be shortly announced. The rate of insurance n
France is less by ships from Havre direct for New York,
thaIn ships calling at an English port. Apply in Havre
and Paris, 17 Boulevards des Italiens, to Donald Currie,
or in New York, to E. CUNARD, 4 Bowling Green.

U UNITED STATES MAIL LINE FOR CALIFORNIA, VIA
Aspinwall and Panama-Californians are informed
(by authority from the Panama Railroad Company ) that
the transit of the Isthmus will be made by railroad from
ocean to ocean. No more mule travel I No river boating I
On Monday, Feb. 6, at 2 o'clock IP. M., from pier foot of
Warren street, rth river, wil be deptohed- t 1eet"
steamship GEOBGE LAW, Capt. G. V Fox, U. S. N., to
connect at'Panama with the new and superior steamship
SONORA. A spare boat is always kept at Panama to
prevent detention in case of accident. No freight re-
ceivedafter one o'clock on the sailing cay. For passage
apply at the company's office, 177 *est street, to J. W,
RAYMMOOND. -

DB ISPATCH LINE FOR SAN FRANCISCO-LOWEST
rates and no detention.-Shippers per clipper ship
SAMUEL W1LLETS', Spicer, master, will please hand in
their bills of lading as soon as their shipments are com-
pleted. This splendid ship having the most of cargo en-
gaged and going on board, at pier 27 East river, wil post-
lively sail on or before the 15th inst, and is expected to
finish loading by Saturday next. February t0."
The famous clipper ship WITCHCRAFT, Freeman,
master, will be ready for cargo in a few days, and sail on
or before the time advertised.
Srxui.aL Notlc.-The ships of this line will hereafter
be advertised for a certain date, and guaranteed to sail
on or before the day named.
SUTTON & CO., 84 Wall street.
T EW YORK AND CALIFORNIA TEAMSHlP LINE,
'. via Nicuaragua.-The Accessory Transit Company of
hicaragus, Proprietors. The splendid dounblo-engin
steamship STAR OF THE WEST, 2,000 tons burthen
Capt. Turner, will leave from pier No. S. North river, a
8 9'clock P. M. for Punts Arenas, on Monday. Feb. 12,
connecting with the CORT. a ,000 tons bhrthe. oor "
the Nicaragua Transit route, having but twelve inlee al
land transportation by first class carriages. Several
new and swift iron steamboats have lately been put on
the river and lake, which shortens the time on the
transit from ocean toocean. These steamer are unsur-
passed in their ventilation and accommodations For.
information or passage, apply only to
CHAS. MORGAN, Agent, No. 6 Bowling Green.
Letter bags made up at the office. Letters 26 cents
per half ounce.
A USTRALIA-PIONEER LINE-CARRYING THE U.
S. Mail.-For Sydney and Melbourne, the new
and elegant olipper ship GKORGES, 1,200 tons, now lying
at pier No 7 East river, will positively sail the 1st
of March, offers a rare opportunity for mechanics
and laborers, as well as female domestics, to emigrate
to Sydney, where ready employment is to be obtained
at enormously high rates of wages. Only $70 required
to be paid here, and $50 after arrival, to be paid for in
work. Bedding and board furaished while on the pas-
sage. Early application necessary, as only a limited
neimber will be taken. Apply on board, or to
9 W. CAMERON, 116 Wall street, New York.

FOR ST. THOMAS AND OTHER, WET INDIA
Islands, on er about the 12lth Inast., from Boston.-'
Ibhe elegant fast filing yacht OLATA, 112 tons burthen,
Arthur W. Giles, ma siter, am now fitting out for an excur-
sion among the West India Islands, touching firot at St.
'iliaomas he hits very superior ncommudatlons for
passengers, and invalids will find this an eXceUllent op-
portuniti to visit the above places. Packages and any
light freight taken and forwarded to places of destina-
tion with despatch. For passage, &o., apply to J. H.
CHBENEY & CO., No. 4 India street, Boston, or No. 162
Fulton street, Brooklyn.

EW YORK AND NEW ORLEANS STEAMIISHIP CO -
Spany.-For New OrleansM, stepping at Havana.
carrying the United States mali-The rsteamehip BLACK
WARBIOR, J. D. Bullook, Commaner, will iommeice
receiving freight on Tuesday. vb1 ', a.-1 sall or tlie
above ports on Friday, Feb. 9, at clock. From pier at
foot of Beach stret, North rvsr Fregol Iortle In
torinor, and for Mobile, consigned to OTar Batlu In New
Orleans, i"JsmeeConnoly & (i.," will be forwarded free
of eommissiona Passeng ifor HaTvana n, st procure


WANTS.


nIlJSENEW YORK AND LIVERPOOL PNTTiE SrATE
Mail Steamers.-The ships composng the line iare
e following:-
ATLANTIC, Cpt. West BALTIC, Capt Conatock.
PACIFIC, Capt. Nye. ADRIATIO, Capt. .
These ships have been built by contract, expressly for
government service. Every care has been tacen in theli
construc tien, as also in their engines, to ensure strength
and speed, and their accommodations for passengers are
unequalled for elegance and comfort. Price of passage
'rom New York to Liverpool, in first class cabin, 180i
in second do. $76; exclusive use of extra size stato roomsa
$32b; from Liverpool to New York, 0SO and 20 guineas.
An experienced surgeon attached to each ship. No berth
secured until paid for.
i0OPOMM BATS OF saMIwG.
EosM EWM TORK, ROX 11793t,
Wednesday, Dec. 27..184. Saturday, Dec. 17.... .954
Wednesday, Jan. 10.. 1836. Saturday, Dec. 80....184.
Wednesday Jan. 24..185. Saturday, Jan. 13.... .185.
Wednesday, Feb. 7..1855. Saturday, Jan. 27... .1865,
Wednesday, Feb. 21..18556. Saturday, Feb. 10....1855.
Wednesday Mar. 7..1856. Saturday, Feb. 24A. ..18.
For freight or pasag apply to
EDW'D COI No.68 6Wall street, New York.
BROWN, SHPLEY & CO., Liverpool,
STEPBEN KENNAID &CO6., 27 AustinFriars, London.
B3. G. WAINWRIGHT & CO., Paris.
GEORGE H. DRAPER, Havre.
The owners of these chips will not be accountable fw
gold, silver bullion, specie, jewelry, precious stones or
metals, unless bill of lading are signed therefore, and
the value thereof therein expressed.
Shippers please take notice, that the ships of this hi0
cannot carry any goods contraband of war.
ZLIVERPOOL AND e ADHI ELPHAiDM A $TEAH
J Companyntend soiling their favorite steamship*-
OF MANCHESTER.... 2,120 tons..Capt. WylfA.
CITY OF BALTIMO ,new)2,6S ..Capt.-
CITY OFWASHINGTON. do..2,7000 ..apt.M LelteKh
OM PRU.4nILPHUA.
CITrY 01 MANCHEBMR....Thursday, January 18A,18"
-r1o LlUXXOOt&..
T! O k MANCESTER.. Wednesday, February 14, 18U .
Balloon $90, 6 and $58, according to state room.
A limited number of third class passengers will be
taken from khiladelyhia and Liverpool, and found IN
provision. I
rom Philadelphia......801] From Liverpool.......141
Parties wishing to bring out their friends can obtau
ertincate, of passage, and drafted on Liverpool, in sums
of 1 sterling and upwards. Apply to SAMUF- SMITH,
Jgent, 17 Walnut street, Phlladelphia, ad lo. 7 Broad.
way, New Tork.
SOR LIVERPOOL FROM PHILADELPHIA.-THE NEW
and splendid Philadelphia built steanmhip NORTH
OUNA, 1,600 tons, Capt Wasbhington S.ymme, wil
be ready to receive freight at Second Wharf, above Vine
Msreet, on Wednesday, 31stinst.. and sail on Saturday,
February 3, at 10 o'clock. Rates of passage-Saloon
bertht, $90, including steward's fees. Third classes pas-
sengers-A limited number of third class passengers
will be taken from Pniladelphia to Liverpool, and found
in provisions at $26. Dratte on agents for 1 and up-
wards. Fo freight or passage apply la THOMAS RICH-
ARDSON & CO.,15 Broadway, New York, and 9 Walnut
street, Philadelphia.
V>OR LIVERPOOL-OLD BLACK STAR LINE-FIRSTa
Frtgular packet.-lhe favorite packet ship Star of
theWest, Captain Woonward, will sail on Wednesday,
February 7. For terms eof passage in cabin and second
cabin, at low rates, apply on board at pier 88, East river,
or to O'BRIEN & BROTHER, 153 South street.


> 7ANTED-BY A RESt ECTABLE MARRIED MAN, A
situation as porterin a dry goods stre or ware
house, or in any respectable bouse of business; is aitO-
ingto make himself generally useful; can read and write
welL. Has good references. His wile, a dressmaker, is
willing to take needleworkor go out by the day or week
Apply to Joseph Steeie, 16 Cliff street, near John.
W ANTED-IN A WHOLESALE HARDWARE ESTAB-
lishment, in this city, a smart, active young man,
one %ho is perfecUy famiiar with the buinMees, and san
control near by trade. 'ddress C., boa 178. Herald office.
with references

HOTLSM.
STORE PLACE BOTEL, 733, 735 AND 737 BROAD-
way, oppositee Astor place.)-Three suites of
rooms, second and third stories, on Broadway, are now
vacant, and will be rented low if applied for as above.
iM USEUM HOTEL, 22 ANN STREET, NEAR BROAD-
way-Every thing neat and new. ,Economy and
excellence" la the motto. Furnished rooms by *be night
or week, at 25 cents, to strangers or permanent lodgers.
Bar and billiard room of the first class. Open all nigh
or the accommodation of its patroans,
THE MARKET HOTEL AND DINING SALOON, NOS. 8,
10 and 12 Fulton street, having changed proprietors,
will re-open on Tuesday, Feb. 6.
THE SMITHFONIAN HOUSE, BROADWAY, CORNER
of Houston street, on the same book with the Me-
tropolitan Hotel and Niblo's Garden.. and two blo. ts
above the lit. Nicholas Hotel; is nearly completed, and
offers to travellers superior accommodations in the
bher of Broeadway. in immediale juitapoelti in to the
other first clas houses and placesol amusement, at very
low rate-. Te houFse has all theconveniences in vogue,
iclndJog 5s1im bealers, and will be conducted on the
European plan of lodging rooms. at fifty cents to 3 a
day, according to location, &c.. a J maosJs furnished as
ordered, at prices graded to suit both ibs economical
and extravagant; the guests ordering meals at pleasure,
and lying for only what is used. Families and par-
ties .U llas individuals, will find the Smithsonian
weicnlated to suit them, and can make their bills
less by at least one third than at other first clean
hotels conducted on tee old system. For respectability,
order, neatlness, comfort and economy, the Smith'oniae
shaUll make its mark on the times and be worthy the
patronage of the people. SIDNEY KOPMAN.

~ 1SISTBRUC"I10B. -
01 -BOOKKEEPING, WRITING OR ARITHMETIC.
1 Mr POLBFAR, 609 Broadway, willreceivepa-
p a on Monday, at $5, for a practical double entry
course; $10 for writing and bookkeeping. Secure seats
at the reduced terms. The lessons may be taken at
pleasure. Satisfaction guaranteed.
S-TERMS REDUCED ONE-HAIF.--OIV1ER B.
S.J GOLDSMITH'S academy of penmanship and
bookkeeping, 382 Broadway. corner: of Franklin street.
Ladles' writing class at 10% o'clock, A. M., daily, ex-
crpt Saturdays. Genilem.n's classes at9 A. M., and 3,
b, q end 8 o'clock, P. M., daily, excepting Saturdays.
eaulms reduced to $5 for ten, or $10 for twenty-five les-
taons, including stalisnery. PNivatelnstruction-$15 for
len,. or S'fI Ior twenty lessons. Each pupllisentitledto
a separate parlor. Bookkeeping terms reduced this
week from v25 to $12 50 per quarter of three months.
Books and stationery $1 5t. Arithmetic in proportion.
Terms payable m advance, .
A GENTLEMAN, WHO HAS SEVERAL HOURB IN
JA1 the afternoon sand evenings daengaged, would be
happy to devote them to the instruction of pupils in the
Frenct classics. Address Mr. E. PINDA, l61 Wext
Twenty-second street.
ANJO, BANJO, BANJO.-THE BANJO TAUGHT BY
a new, easy and improved method, In six lessons.
Terms, $6 in advance. Pup'ls by our method learn with
the greatest facility.
Profs. S. B. & H. P. JAIOBS, 407 Broadway.
1DECATION.-A GENThEMAN AND HIS WIFE COM-
n potent teachers of English (including the higher
branches,) music, French and German, wish to make an
engsgemoent in the country, wiero their joint services
wilt ensure them alivling. Any family, families or school,
in a healthy locality, desiring expeneced tea.her', who
will produce testimonials of ability, &c will please ad
dreis February, box 100 Herald offie.
F RD EM AND ENGULIH BOARDL'GC AND BAY
school lot boys. 146 West Thsrts-slith treet, be
wien -evcnth and rigbth avsnpii -Mr anit Mr. Ham
ilton. Principals Va-ancie (for1 'i- boys, aq boarding
pupils Circulars stShepard & "s bookatore, 152 Fill-
ton street.
FIENCB I.ANGUAGOE-i-Oi.:E;'R AND MADAME.
liUubs piofeors of thbe Frearh lanmusge, have
removed tiom 761 Brosuway ca No I Clinton place,
Eighth ltrsot. fltt private h.ibsoe Morning and after
uI n elessep for lanies evening risses for gentlemen.
Prirale lebonas In french. i stin teni Greek.
DI'BO( Fto. I Clinton place.
Of.(0BTERI, DEXON & 0. GIVE LRiSONS 3 IN WRITING
arithmetic and bookkeeping, ,lay and evening, U
No. 4 Broradway, (Appleton's BuildLng,) where genale.
men are qunalified for the counting-.bouts, inan ezpe
ltionus and superior manner.


pasa.Ors belest leaving port oc ireigut or pasaige
apply to LI'INOSION CROCILO 'I'/ (OtNi, TNR TRUIiON---ARI L ElL DELEX, FRUM PA-
AU z tf,81 Broadway. ris, Plessor. ci-ntinuies i,. 8:v nitruction Inthe
N. B -I[he Cahawba, R W. ScLnflt. Commander, Frenih language at inmi own r-,. encea, 54 Lispard
will octoesi the Black Warrior. and sail Monday, Fe- 5strept, orin priTateLisaullee. .1 iou etperln:e ,in teach
20 B Ilis o leading must be sent In for signing the even Dng enables him to avford great arl'ties turlthe. oqaire
ing rioeveuB be ship Palling. ment tI a perl~et knowledro of t1cl uselul an t almost
previouss tih slb i ti g.unisersial langisge Hi mtbi'. ifi .Imr., obut a. once
IRu' SAVANNAH AND ILORI IA-iNITED STATES e ,ocs todi'dtilprehensive. an.- ot'relv adaptWad to the
StMaelLLne -rhimnet wand spleacid steamsilipFLIORIU puitPec. lis pisp-l will by mt. in the sminrestt pesihble
A, Capt. N. S.WoodhOllwillIlv, eNew York' fOrSvan.- tite, not only speak the language but also be able to
nah on Wednesday, Feb. 7, Iroa pier No. 4 Northriver, uadFrlisind is marDIold "eAuti .-s
at o'clock P. IM. Bills of lading signed on board. For
frel btapplyoniboard; or forepassage, to SAMUELL I A AMi hratihr,splaR, pAroINNL.AiNGt A on Vt
i13Broadway. For Florlda, through tickets aem l hour, at her disposal, prose. giving IeaSoni to
Irom NewYork to Jacksonville, $31;;to Pdatka, =. The those a -aiun lt ,o an.rove t1itmi in t el*rnth lan.-
Augusta, Cielt._Thomas Lyon, will succeed),and leave oa re age. herte the sarivel of ti,",t uItlyc,,Ilebrated ar.
efm rinhr p with the numerous
S atu rda y F e 10 t ,t Ra h a m il~a a g lie P P !
Saturday, 10. ,slres i ,cb v-b,-e Ill appear AT hcme from 1 to
F'g0R CHARLESTON AND FLORI)A-SEMI WEEKLY and 7 to 9 in the evening. 1 Amity street, near Broad-
J U R MlM IJie. The 1c- sd fat g;Ea .teamer way. _________
IlaiJion W. Foster, commianJer, -ll level pier No. 4, r
N.ith Rivtr ,-n Wt-dnes.lay, ltebrry A at thie4 "l[l.iTLl a OR ht eiIeLNT a.tE-Nt.-n-AN khiil
I o'clo.Ak P. M preiisely. For frelbt, apply on boerJ. V lithil, n lady, experieo(ed n tuition, w'she to
.h,,,rE all bills of 1 I.kg willI6 sjrelt ean-I fr ps.ge., f crm ansengas;tment as %atove Her course of instrnc-
,lt tlon..le of .POFr01,ll..,I &A-CO..N--lb 1it.r. cownpl. ,r L.nglijhb in all 11 hsro,us bvanhe. Frm,-'h.
teli oB...e f ObrtuOJt), : llkets l.orida, im .,oi ,' -it Imr, nd theiri'imPulP ol f, fin The adverW;.erran
acBro.laI.a. "lrooh ,:i. lStI.o Florida, a Theo i.ro --,. gl- the l'b|.,,b s m oini tm0 .r-.fatory relereeesas to
Jo(L8,,c llod and liesO Saiola i Tbe go.ua ricr. .U .,babilliy and i.rmptRp t,l,- M Peasae adddrel Miss
.i.... n d.1loit,[ ion Dirii,.e.PostM (iOcN.
1" u ii' ,stili OLK, t'ETLIlillt ll .Nil ItCI) iTOND- --
Ikhe I.'n...d Sates iil v'amrihip J. fOifi, L -'-- --TOLEN GOODS.
I Alr,.'1, o lelinier ll e'1,0 p ier Ida No .rth river. on _- - -. .-- - -
'.i~ I. etproro1,alt ock i p1II. ill arrive in.t I_ FC OF"l'. .tll -: k Otr POI ;oCL-FEB. rC 165.-
I V'orill ir.q l ,.-x sit-rom.n and Petershbrg aun d c-. UlrLate seated fur the iciowaug property, Pup
,ini tib.- ,mll, w.a t. oro 'lg "From Nirlo .. Pa-ee0oC. Posen toe iaye bi en stolen -One surveyor s a natriment,
ih, th, ,sutl' p,,eeeit by rkairosd direct, Wit', lthro-ih In at b, g.,uy cane, at thi-lAlrst Distrlct Court (lomb%
fm.'krt!frui II,lineto ttIlluiugtonk .,nigua i e. I.,r etrIEt ",.yt ," three ewihovies, at theTwenty eond
page asi Is,eito rtilolk, Sc te llet,crburg atd rI'i, d,i-trIct sjat,, n house cornerr of bihth avenue and
mCod, 7$0; et,'oee l if l;.te- A1.rly t, cOily e Pbh rlrvFt). GO. w. % MA1ELI5
-LA; M&LsM1& I' 5AANT", Q ira&e vtsy. ChIef of Po~ice


NO. 34.


S269


L


WAMT9.
A rBJ'irTAI.E AMInRICAu. WOMAN, WiTH A
fnd brpaspt of milk, wl'h- a st',lt'C.n as wet
111,t. Apply at 465 Third avenue, between IhirLty.-thrd
00nn Thiry.feultb streets, for tao dn ys.
A RESPECTABLE FRENCH WOMAN, WHO SPEAK
nFl;ib, w.,shes a Fitua'Ion t., 'a'chaire o i an in
s rt, wrt mall hilJren. Can b Us [ro1m Id 1td4 o'clock
at ".t'jullimso strret.
A GENTL.fIAN 01' EXPERIENCE IN THE REll. 5V
;tate I.uiicsi,. a thorough huiloes man, w,'lJ give
his excluoive attention too oe or two estates, in all their
various branches, sell,lease. let, ltict &i., &c.. on a
n; derate salary or Lomuiiilon It.letruces satislfacto-
ry. Address &., box '2,07 o ilOf 01,.-..
LFRE IN A HARDWARE SlORE -WANTED, A PER.
C or, who will loan his employer f2,000 and tate n
nlut rejt in ht, basmntes for the ue of Li money andoil ser.
vices Addres S. 0. Hardware. for six dais. at the Her.
aldeoflice. The business has been established for two
years, and is prosperous,.
H ARDWARE-WANTED A SITUATION AS SALES-
man in u wholesale or retail hardware store, by a
young man who has had six years' experience in the bu-
siness, and is willing to make himself generally useful
for a moderate salary; refers to last employer. Address
Hardware, Herald office.
LAUNDRESS WANTED-A PROTESTANT, AND ONE
who thoroughly understands her business, and has
good city recommendations. Apply at 29 Union square,
between 9 and 11 A. M.
PRODUCE COMMISSION.-A GENTLEMAN OF MEANS,
energy and character, wishes to obtain a place with
some first class house, where he may become perfectly
familiar with the above business. He will give efficient
services without compensation, and influence consign-
meets, prided ample opportunity be afforded to learn
l the detas of the business. Tbe beot city references
given and required. Address C. IS. S.; -box 2,181 Post
Office.
0 MILlNER-A FRENCH LADY, SPEAKING
J.Engliab, having a long experience and an excellent
taste as a milliner, also acquainted withSoutbern trade
is desirous of finding a situation as forewoman in a well
established house of the kind. For further particulars
inquire at 20 Walker street.
TO TBE CARPET TRADE.-A PERSON WITH IWELVE
years experience on his own account, who is fully
competent to attend to purchases, sales and books,
wishes to engage with some good house in such capacity;
he flatters himself t hi services, with the knowledge of
the business possessed, would be valuable to any large
house. The highest reference furnished. Adareis A.
W., box 3,366 Post Office.
SSOUTHERNm -A PER tON WITH A CAPITAL
If r S3.oo to o6,000 Isa wanted to establish a business
in one of the Soulthern cities which hIs deen in success
ful operation n this city for years past. with no risk.
snd pays over 100 per cent profit. As all answers will
be rece.vsed in confidecnce, real name and address, stating
where an interview can be had. are desired. Address
South, Betail office, for one week.
W ANTED-BY AN EXPERIENCE DRESSMAKER, A
fw families work, or would go out by the day.
Please address a note, or apply at 50 Spring street.
ANTED-FOR A RESPECTABLE WOMAN, ANY
W good situation except as cook; she is an excellent
nurse, can take the entire charge of children without
pareete, being anxious, good seamstress and willing to
make hereelf useful, and has been a faithful servant to
the advertiser. Apply at 128 Dean street, Brooklyn.
W ANTED-AT 176 BLEECKER STREET, A NuMtiER
S of mantilla makers. None but competent hands
need apply.







. <


270


THE TEDMPIoAaCE QUsTION. SS or.t .sMLYheIftIam
-ofom constitution. I have some ftltoog uopn
debate on the Liquor Billm in the icohlgui trt ibjeot, beoa I. he"M y.e m .Int igM utht
House or Ropraentattsvm. something may be inserted In the m U that aocne
JA. 22--Section 6 or the Proalotory Liquor sharp lawyer will discover to be unconstitutional.
:aw provides that no person shall be deemed to mar In that oass, we shall are to fall back on the Uquor
oracqulesanY legal property lIn snobh liquors intad- lw of 1861, which has been found fuefnl In the
Sd to bs sold in violation of law, or In any calk, or newer counties, and which has bean so far sustained
MeuBs containing then; but the same shall be by the courts.
deemed a public nuisance, and the person keeping Mr. LITTLUJomN-The gentleman from Newuygo,
11e same may be proceeded against e toi other (Mr. Stnmg,) in opposing my position upon the
aens of nuisance; and, in addition to hbw liability construction to be gtren to sedition 13, Institutes a
as for a naisance, such parsn shill be bhold liable to companion between it and the act of 1851, and
forfeit ad pay the sum of tirenty-fivd dollars, with aismumLntbe two to be similar, attempts to show
ost 01t prosecutiADon, for every such offacine, and that the Supreme Court having pased afflrmiatively
sno h liquors so kept for se, and eny casks or vei- upon the contiutionality of that law, toe prove -
ae ontaining the same, shall be lorfeltied. Toe ions of this section cannot amount to a license.
forfeiture under this seltoa shIll be recovered in Unfortunately for both the logic and the a-gumsint
.he samine manner as uosaunder sections 3.and 4 of of the gentleman the very comparison shows the
hs act, Provided e.b the sme shall have been dlimllarity of the two measures. By the present
iaized under a wITint for the purpose, and pro- bilh youprohlbit the traffic by all, and then allow a
rided, further, that no person shall be pun ihed as certain few to sell. By the law of 1851 all were
or a anluiance and also proceeded against for sucoh prohibited from seldog in the first instance, but all
.orfelgture for the same o fince. were aso allowed to sell on giving a bond to pay
Mr. PaL9oNs moved to strike out the 8th section. the damages that might remisult from the sale. Thus
7r. P. said he would cone der it entirely loaffedttal the prohibition and the grant in the law 9of 1851
for the purpose contemplated. Ti do.ared spirit- being co-extenslve, there could be no exsluasivae pri-
uous .iqaoo a nauane. Baut did i do It? We cannot vilege, which constitutes the essence of a 11u enase.
(said Mr. P.) make any'hlag In law weat It is not His premises falling, the oonolusions drawn from
in faIL Spirituous liquors are not toin theqslves a them most of come be erroneous. [now leave
nuisanceu, and are not so considered Ia other parts the subject, with the expression of a hope that this
of the bil; for Instence, drugglits are allowed ti House will go with me for an amendment of the
sell them for medical and inmhanieal purposes. We constitution, so as to allow a license to sell for car-
can only say, Ilfact. that the abuse of spirituous tain purpoes.
liquors is anuialnce, an It Isthe remely f)r the Mr. MoaNlrRE-The gentleman from Alleigan is
abuse which I suppose it is tnae object of this bill to laboring under some mistake when he asserts that
afect. some persons have taken this matter under their
Mr. LirrLJOHN said he desired the privilege o charge. There was a meeting held when this mea-
t4nh the t asons which nflouenued 1im in suap- sure was dismaused; invitation was given to all
portingf motion to sinrks out the sixth setlon friends of temperance, without any reference to
of the bill. By other sections of the bill persons party. It was the wish to draw out objections and
ieallowedto manwacotrethealco.ol ofrcomnerce, provide for them. The gentleman must have hal
and sell i to druggist i within the State, giving some misrepresentation on the subject.
bonds, &c. Druggis:sare allowed nt) sell tie same Mr. MoINTYrs argued atsaiin length that there
for various purposes-for medicines an I for sured was no valid constitutional objsctlon to the sotion,
usnes; and yet by this sectiodon biti mannuactarer as the meesuie was prohibitory, with certain ex-
and seller are declared incapable of acquiring any ceptions, and no person was an.horlized to grant
legal property or ownership in the same, it it be licensee.
intended for sale in vi.)l4tlon of law. That Is to Mr. TIFFANY did not look uponthesectionl tthe
say,,tn_ present intent decides t -e question of same light as the gentleman from AJlegan. At the
owner sip, however proper the motive for mnau- time of the formation of the constitution, licensing
tactueing or puohsading in the first Instance. Bat ,sc made a revenue to the State. It was then de-
again, the very articleelsewhere allowed to be kept, cided, that from this abominable tratico no revenue
sold and distributed for mechanical, medicinal, and should accrue, but it was not decided that the Lagls.
slenatific purposes, yea, for the most asored oir- laturo should not control or regulate the sBale of
posem, is here pronounced a nuisance-a public liquors. But if it should be denied by the Supreme
nnfuanos-a- though the simple change of name Court that we have no right to allow druggists to
telegilative sact could convert a useful agent mt) sell, it will not make the whole law u nooonstiutlon.
a lpulc nuisance! And how is the nature ofthe al they will then be liable to the same penalties as
article so suddenly changed? Simply by the intent others for a breach of the law.
of the ownr to N eu it n violation of the law. By The question then being taken by yeas and nays,
some mysterious analysis or combination in the on striking out section 13, the motion did not pre-
chemistry of intent and motive, the oure alcohol or vail.
co.merca becomes a loathsome, pestilential mus of JaN. 23.-Mr. H. MONTAOUs moved to amend, by
pfioan-a publicE nuisance! The bareprop.s.- adding afler the word act," In the fifth line of sec-
,WAn nvovesagroes aurdLty. Clharaterize the t6on 18, the following:-"And provided further,
,,bievtto violast ib law a nulsance-prboclaim tIe That nothing in this act shall be onstrued to pro-
,use of hA artufoe a snisance-yea, ina use of a hibit the manufacture of older from apples, or wine
single rop ,saa b average, a nuisance, Inviaew of from grapes or currants."
she desolation and ruin that may result, and I shall bstitt, tha the 18
bPeonten Touch ttasnot, handle not the moved as a substitute, th the8h
'aricle an a beisrage, and yaourt anotied nolune section be amended by Inserting after the word
"'nieie aB n beiveroe, and your f d nuisane~i "nat," In the fifth line, the tloin--n And pro-
wili be suddenly seated. The exercise or plainsnt oi
omm..on..sensseems quite desirable legislatingg vided fuither, That nothing con, ned In ibis act
0thisf Nubia3t. ii, OtWal st. shall be construed to prevent the manufacture and
uponr. aan' motion tostre u wa sale of. cider from apples, or wine from grapes or
Ir. Jtoom'moues to et-lhe oot was lost. ^ ^S! f^ ^ ?.
Mr. BAro moved to strike out of line five, sea- currants the actual growth and manufacture of the
lion 8, the words, "on the part of the people." Mr. vendor." Mr. B. aid- Mr. Speaker, I wshto make
S. said he believed it was the rule of' the constitu- one or two remarks with regard to the substitute.
tionteatall menshould beequal before the law; The law as laid down in the act prohibits the man-
and if we are to make all men equal, we are to give nature or selingof cider or wine. Some gentle-
th~elt acoaeid the same right we do tie aeUenar. men contend it does not; but if it does not prohibit
w eddwihpat regret If In tis the hlaking, It anthortses the search for andseizure
tSubeMsofaneucndswithgrealtregretItI ebill of cider and wines. If, air, the manufaotur, he per-
am e.of an unctulh onal.charaoter were o- ta rticeouht
tahe&. There were cetaln rights given to une party united, the useof the manufactured article ought
In this settoni thatwere not given "o the other, to be allowed. No gentleman can contend that the
which he proposed to remedy by the andment. use of cider or wine is injurious to health or the
The amendment was adopted. morals of the people. If (said Mr. B.) Ilam aiowed
M r. LrrrLzon ,moved toestrikeoutmseotion13. to make It, I wish to have the privilege of giving
'.ir. GseoouR hoped the fExends of thehbill would my neighbors a Itams of oiler, or disposing of the
h'oconsent to have that sectionstruck ot. prolun of my orchard in that shape, without being
GMr.ua"p. moved to strike outf the beetion subject to a fine or incarcerated In a Jail like a corn-m.
thewords, "the Lord's Supper,". and inBert "th mon felon. The moral sense of the oammnilty will
S.'Fonth of July." Mr. C. and:I offerthis amend- reject this measure if passed intoa lawIn tspre-
meat, Mr. Speaker, because this HBos have refused sentshape. It will bs worse than the last liquor
tostcike out section six, and have also refused to bill, and will be productive of the same agitation
trike out that clause which desorinbe liquors of alu and confusion we have had for the last two years on
Jeacriotions as a nuisance, and I bold lIeto be sic- te liquor question.
rileeto retain a nuisance at the celebration of Mr. JUDn was opposed to t'ie amendment-iflin.
tbtheLord'sSupper." Ihopethegood seamse of the corporate It woldallow every person to set up a
Housewill -ethe impropriety of allowing an ar liquor shop. A spirituous liquor could be mansou
tldewhichthey designate ina preceding section facturedfrom apples which ws injurious to health,
'S anuainc; to'benusid at the table of the'I3rd. and It was state by temperance men that tbe ha.
Pormysei, Edo not believe ittibe nuisance. I _ltof Walcoholio dinks was rated by th use
believe wine be asharmless aS water; but if itis ofcider. ueshouldnot onsidar himself ph dg d
a tuisnanfiaIlhavetoo much reseqet for rdligldn to to vote for the bill if the word "sell" was retamid
Selieve m its use in one of our most sacred or- In the broad sense of the substitute offered by the
dimanoes--if it is a ranisance, it should bejprotibited gentlewan from Berry.
in the samnent of "te Lord's npoer." Ifthis Mr. Mo Aous holed the amendment would not
House refuse tostrike out, it will be another proof prevail; thegroaerymen would buy fruitoan menu-
?fte i f the age. faclnture it Into intoxicating beverages. His opinion
SThe motindid not prevail, 'was that cider might be aold before fermentation;
Mr. BraNd moved to strike out the words "for after fenrmentatlon it becomes an intoxicating drink,
te Mlelirtton of the Lord's Supper," mel insert and ought not to be sold, or the obj aot contenmplat-
'for esacil.ental purposes," which was adoLpted. ed itn the bill would be defeated.
The questiourecurrmigon the motiontto *Irkeout Mr. Bhncuxawished to be reformed. relative to
thesection, the pointwhen it became iptoxi ai-ng-when.the
M yLrrrmtomn said, lb. Spusher-Upon the tapshouldhe cutoff.
ijeotonto strike out section 13 of the bill, I desire Mr. Prsors was opposed to the amendment and
to be h by the Housefora few moments. lam sunbstute. He thought they would not accomplish
aware that by a certain circle 'of gentlemn wo the object of either of the gentlemen who offered
claim to-have toin measure in theirespecial keeping, them. He should favor the proposition of the ge-
S may be desmeldanbiftfer. Still, as am not temanfr om Wayne, if presented to the House. He
awareftheir ability, to ;'eive me from there. (Mr.P.) was In favor of leaving the maunfachire
poneibilty aVofa teuponuthemeaure,Imusto.al- and sale of cider and wine open.- Hewould allow
sange the tight of being heard whilst imply every person in the State equal privileges In the
saiging the reaons which inducndmee t ma le sae, except restraining tne sale or cider and wine,
the? n.' The consttuton, ar. 4, sc.47, pro. so far as to prevent It being taken Into the tippling
ides that The Legtnsltoe shall not pass any ct ops, wheie, byadding spritons Liquor, a regular
authcrizing the grant oflicense ior thp saleofardent tippling business would be carried on. I U the pro-
saplills or otter inmt acting lquors." Undarthe position of the gentleman from Wayne should be
', axstlntlawsvroty person Rmay sn~i tie pre- adopted, the manOufacture of cilder and wine would
edIngLb'everypersonompersoii .pre- be left open, but prohibited from sale, except in
coin actlo s Ofdb-o illno prson mma
ticture or sell.Venador of drugs md medicines, quantities that could not be used on the premises.
-spounexecuting a bond withcsureties, and upon car- Mr. rurPiawv said the remarks of the gentleman
tglin conditions therein expressed, are permitted to from Shiawassee are entitled to consideration. I do
S5?t?^y aan ^^ "^ K o~ue "o televewe .ought to restrain persons from mat
sell in aNy.quantity, to the exclusion of all other not believe we ought to restrain persona from ma
Versobes, bythieptovisiosofthesection. nowunder Ingcider or wine from fruit. Ishallvote against
colisidesaticil. Much as'. nay regret thq Inbloition both the amendment and substitute.
ofm aliense under these tion of te cbustituton The question was taken on the substitute offered
to wtich I have alluded, still,,whllet that coustitu- by Mr.Brown, and lost-yeas 13, nays 66.
tlonaf injtibltion exists, I am bound to respect The question recurring on the motion of Mr. H.
MrW^W.T ^Too ^ oedtefllowing a. en amend.
it; end as I regard the provisions of section 13 of Montae, the same was cat.
the billainsoestituting a llicns,, Iumust vote against Mr. U REOOT moved the following aan amend
it. rvcen be regarded In no other light tan as ment to section 18, to come In at the end oi tue sec-
grating an exclusive piviege to a eerain class, t n:-
not enjoyed by others. In his all the force and "uNotbhog contained In this act shall be construed
effect o liceanseo under the old system, only. dt. to prohibit the makinE of older from app os, or
faret in not requiring fees, 'and thubeooldg a wine from grapes, or other fruits gron or ithered
sinis of of revenien. Here you allow the druggist, by tbe msnuactrer thereof, (f made in ths Sate.
without respect tobistaapacity integrity, honesty, and ( ie from all intoxatiag liquors); but in no
orumoial purity, toexeciteabmid with snuretie, to cause shall suchwine abesold Iin tlee quautitytbu
eell almost broadcast what you have prevloaly de.- one gallon, and sold to be, and be, all taken away
of-edto snsn anwhena to pcaple at one time; aid all sale or such older, in less
thbmnd Iestnfisaon. Q a tlemen may:e pexadLx ntlty than ten gall ons, to be drank or used on
from the best of otives in endeavoring tp. arrest a tle premises, shallbe an unlawful sale in the mean-
growing evil In the land; but te, eywll find that lig of this act, and be punished accordingly."
nether evasion nor subterfuge can overcome the Mr. M cOOiia moved to amend the amendment
*oolstitutlon. We ca nieitheroverleap, undermine, by suliktog cut "ten gallons" and inserting "one
nor outflank the provisions of that instrument. gallon," end striking out "cue gallon" and insert-
.W'hie It .ands_, Wre must legislate In accprdan~e nlog "one quart." List.
with Its rejllreweunts. Although .may he thrust Mr. Twrvasv bha one objection to the substi
,,,alde, adstafndtoutside ofthe circle of toose who tut.e He did not think It would be necessary to
' .taim to be thespeial frend of a prohibitory liquor equity persons to purchase ten gall i of cider,
law, stillthey will find m milling to advance with or one gallon of wine, at one time. It would be
thet eepty step, in any and every leitflmate m.a- imposing a burden on poor persons in sickness
surefora tngandltm y cludnthey could not ber. A much less quantity might
ofr otempeeancegronitteheoStew.' be as much as they required, or that they had
Vt. lr. au-o-I wish tocbl thl atentlon of the the means of purchasmg. To-prevent tine use
#oiie for a few momeiBt I is wit, the utmost on the premises was ahi that appeared to him neces-
.relnotinpe I differ from ray friend from ALiegan. airy.
Were I not mipported In jay opinion by men tar Mr. SANeOsN would suggest to the Houte that
above -frtherthanexpctt reach-I shoud those medicine shops do no. extend over the whole
noteitch--faopinionart ainst a. gentreman sBoweU State. One-half of the Inhabitants of tae Sate
Informed Iysolaw. oThasicsasifgentlem st thel would not nave accuse to the druggists. Tee law
pt' oIonfor s of thi econ c odal-egalcontructin would be considered hard If it prohibited a person
f icese un~derthecintlto There is from purchasing a gallon of sweet cider, or a oint
wild die-ence. Sastlonl3desnot athb.rise the ofwine- He bh ped the gentleman would seethe
ntin enss.Teprnecessity of reducing the quality below which th
*tutlon hase taken ansy from the Legislature the sl a rhbtd
power of grnting licenses, bun does not prevent Mr. LTLDJQBN said the member fromSt. Clair
thim from regulating and restrIcting the sale of (Mr. Sauborn) need entertain no inch fears of
liquors, and it they enact a law to restrain the salesmieath of tins article as he bad expressed.. Adopt
'li a particular manner, or for a particular purpose, the proposed amendment, and medicine shops Will
It is no lipense ; it is no$ the grant of a power, bit spring up like tue fabhhocu harvest of dragon's
inine power previously mnrestricted. Under teeth. Every grocery In the land, by.the operation
the eoDtitutf .every person has a right to sell of section 13, whl *h you have determined toretain,
liquors. The object of tois law Is to restrain or will be changed, as by a stroke of the enchanter's
prohibit, except unnder certain conditions, the sale wand, into shops for toe sale of drugs and medi-
of spirituous liquors. They have In another In- clues. Calomel and jalap, rhubarb,camomUe and
stance ptohiblted tne sale, except in certain in- senna, Epesm salts, lobelia and number smx, will
stances. Ktr..referdtorthe sesslinlawoft15. figure upon the shelf, while intixIcatingdrinks,
Tferewsasninterdiotto the selling of liquors to in every stage of adulteration, and poisonous
enibody except to persenl who should give a cer- niixmuie, wili continue to tempt' tne appetite,
tain bond : and here is an Interdict, except to per to.allure the unwary, and congregate the


sons celllng drugs, and giving bonds too, lhe victms 0o criminal inauwgence. mara wel
e ostItutionality of the act of 1851, he bslievad, hid the aspect of the case as presented
been sustained by the Supreme Cont. I n-nder- by this amendment, coupled with section
stand (saild Mr. Strong) the constitution to 13. By that section you throw over the shoulders of
bean this; to prohibit the pamage of any law by the vilest wretch In community (if he has money
which towns, counties, cities or the State ghouli encugn to buy up sureties on his band) the m iitle
take revenue from persons selling llquors. If tie ofalegalzed traffic, upon his assuming the cuarac-
Legislature have the powerto restrain, they may tFr and tnc'.lons of a druggist, and by this amend-
eerseI It toin such a way as they think best. If it ment you give him amIle scope for supplying the
comes up as a question respecting the nuse or abuse, cravings of the most uveterate wine-swillig and
It may be proper to prohibit or restrain the sals In. cider. guzzling specimens of imnruted mnhoad. We
useasa beverage, while It is necessary that in the are ecLuntering increased embarrassments byen-
State there b sabe some persona left to sell spirits deavoring to legislate upon two subjects at the smne
for medical or mechanical purposes, or wine for time. I would exclude fom this bid every providson
S namental purposes. A license is a power given having reference 1o the msaulacture. My position
to p o n, perm .qnallfcatlousto do what on this bill is easily defined. I am in favor of a
l ot ze n citiejn ae prohibited to do: Formerly, stringent law, entirely prohibiting the traffic in in-
lcese ,were panted to person paying a certain toicattein liqui sas .a beverage. am fordeslaring
sun otmoinBy. and being, art:the ame time, In the such traffloc to be a crinmetindictable and punishable
epiniot ofmnme board, or tbaer authorized persons, as shnb Whether the charge be for selling as a
40 position of proper qgliloatlons. In this th ere beverage a glss ofbrndy of glof older, let the
l& go granting of prvileges to any citlazen or lm of person convicted be sent to the county Jail for
clins, n, butftoallpermsoenagegd In a certak kinkId ,n buudred dayea, ad my word for it, your work
qf bnoaiess, lithout Ienm M from any boudar, toelyn is doe.


NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1855.


The question purring on Mr. Gregory's amend-
ment, It prevailed.
Tes question then reourring on the motion to
strike out section 18. the same was lost,
11Mr. Cam t, moved to amend section 18. line ,2.
by strlkis out "'eghty "and inserting twenty.
five." M. said-Mr, Speaker: I wll as briefly as
possible give my reasons for the proposed amend.
ment. I have, te course of my lit, been a dis-
tiller. It was a business regarded by the laws of
the State as honorable as any otaoer buasiese, and
those carrying on this business were as well- pro-
tected by tne laws of the State In their persons and
property as any other citizens, whether worrying oan
me anutile operations, or engaged In the profesaia
of law or physio. In this business, under the pro.
Jeetion ofthe laws of the State, Individuals have
invested a large amount of property. By the provl-
aiore in this section you are destroying that pro-
perty-under the restriction impose I this sea-
tion, it will be Impoisible to crry on the busi-
ness. (Laughter.) Gentlemen may laugh, but it
is no laughing matter to those who saffer. I
again assert teat you are spoiling the property
of men, as respectable citizens, as honest and aa
honorable men, as any man In this H.use, or in
the State. I would ask if gentlemen act honor-
ably when they thus spoil and destroy the pro-
petty of the citizen? Under the sanction of your
laws, and by a virtual contract with government,
foreigners have been Induced to come Cise asd in
vest i he whole of their property in beweries, yet
30o legislate them poor men; you givetham no pro-
t' action; ycu render their property valueless, and
leave their families destitute. This, sir, I assert, Is
high banded robbery. If you wish to alter your
policy, give compensation to those men who have
Iowv sted their property under the laws and faith or
the Slate for the property you destroy. If you spoil
It,pay them. Under the clause allowing distillsa
tidon for exportation, and to those you give the
privilege of selling, you fix eighty per cent o0 pure
alcohol to be ran. Every man acquainted with the
manufacture knows that they cannot do it. You
render their property worthless, and give them no
compeounoation for it. Justice should, niler all air-
cumstances, be done to all classes of men. Gentle-
men squirm now at the name ofhard older, yet I
recollect the tine when it was all the rage, when
on the fltigs of a party was inscribed "Hard
OlCider." This bill does not give us the privilege of
making our apples into older; affecting
the property in orchards, as well as the pro-
ducts of the farmer. Since the estsblishminut or
breweries, lads adapted for the growth of barley
have been very profitable. This you' destroy as well
as lessen the va'ue of grain used in distillation.
This measure will not only affect toe farmer In the
management of his farm, but.it inquisitorially inter-
feres with the domestic and economical arrangements
of bis family. Kany of oar citizens raise currants
and grapes, from which they make wine for domes-
tic use, and It is usually given freely to their neigh-
bors in case of sickness; but, If this bill pases, they
cannot administer a drop of wine to a silk and de-
bilitated fellow creature without violating the law.
Besides, under a pretended charge of intention of
selling, they might have their houses searched, their
wine declared a nuisance, and be carried off, and
themselves be subject to flie and incarceration in a
common jail. Teis Is the result of your philanthro-
py-the joint product of your moral and religious
principles. This bill is characterized in every sec-
ion by persecution, fine, and imprisonment. it is a
high-handed measure of robbery and oppression.
The amendment did not prevail.
Mr. WHurITMOR-moved to strike out the clause of
section eighteen, which permits the manufacture of
spirtuous liquor' by persons who may have given
bonds pursuant to section thirteen of this act. Mr.
W. said hisa object was to do away with the sale of
intoxicating drinks-this older and wlnebuslness
altogether. His constituents did not wish to be in-
terfe red with. When we take our apples to the mill
and express the juice, it is not affected by the law.
He was a firm Iriend of ra prohibitory law; he wish-
ed to shut the gate on doggeries; he felt like keep-
ing the thing out-shutting it down. He oared not
for the manufacturing, or selling for mechanical pur-
poses; ha bad rather sbnt all down. Tatre were
other provisions he did not like, and he was afraid
these provisions would weaken the bill.
Mr. Trrcn said the proposition of the gentleman
was opposed to the principles of political economy.
We say the article Is necessary for medicInal, manu-
facturing and mechanical purposes, and we give cer-
tain persens the privilege of seeing it f)r those puor-
poses, but if the amendment prevails we must go
out of the State to procure It.
Lost.
Mr. CHAPEL moved to amend section ISl, by adding
the following:.-
Provided, That any person who shill suffer losse of
his property, or if the same shall be injured by the
operation of this section, be shtlI be entitled to corn-
pB osetion for suchnob loae or injury, such ooompeonsatlon
to be determirel by the Board of State Audltora.
Lost. Yea, 6-nays,54.
Liquor Dealers' Pledges In Induanna.
The Rockrillle (Ind.) ladles who took lthe liquor seller.
iun.hband a few days ago. have reported the success of
hitir operations On lte 28d ult they went round to
the groceries at which they had left their menacing pa
tllIon, and received the following answer. Or those who
refuse to quit, the ladies say.-'.We sincerely hope they
wil, upon timely reflection, retract their answers at an
early day. If not, they will have to abi.de the conse
queries of their business, which can now be read in the
leeligs, the sentiments, and the will, of an outraged
and injured public. Here are the replies of the sell
are-
I will quit when my liceone runs out; that will be the
Is*. of April, 18i66. ; WM. FzMa.
lly month Is out in eight days; I will quit then.
ADAxrFoou,
Ism willing to quit the business when I get rid of my
present stock. I wish I was clear of It now.
/ I Ma. MOAnew.
T will sellas long as the law allows me.
SMRS. MfERS.
I will quit in four weeks from next Monday--oier,
If I aosn nipose of my presentstock. FnxI RtTma.
I will sell as long as the law allows me. I am a free
im&n. GacorY, Saognart.
When the law says I shall stop, then I will.
Wat. LADSOs.
When the law says I shall quit, then I will, .,
Rs. WmHEAT.
Stop the business at Wheat's, then I wLIll quit
SAX SSEPPERD.
I sell nothing but beer, and have not sold anything
else. MR. FZDXORAN.
.The committee having been credibly informed that
other retailing shops had wound up, did not wait upon
them.
S -"The Net* York City Post Ofice.
TO TN EDITOR OF THE N ZW YORK HERALD.
I desireto call your attention to the revenue derived
by the Peost Officee department, from thereat of tha boxes
at our City Post Office.
Prior to the first of January. there were 3,649 boxes,
which, at a rent of $4 each, yielded the sum of $14,196
per annum. In consequence of numerous complaints of
our citizens about The inefficient management at the of-
ice, in consequence of a want of force rto attend to its
duties, we are told that the department uanndt afford
more clerks, nor to increase the scanty pay of those al.
ready engaged, unless an Increased rent Is charged to
tie merchants for the boxes appropriated for their use,
und that, foreoolheas the merchantsare so greatly obliged
by the condesoension of the department, In allowing the
merchants to have bones at all, by which they are so
greatly beneftltd, they must submit to pay for
their boxes at the rate six dollars per annum,
Instead of four, out of which increased reve-
nue to the once they will be enabled to hire
more cldaus to attend to the legitimate business of
tbe once, and properly oompen'ate those already en-
gsced. 'be number ol boxes have been [narease'l to
4.246, which, at six dollars per annum, amounts to the
snug sum of 116,476, being an Increase of el1,284) to
the icenue from this soiree last year. I caouteo that
this i. all wrong, and the only excie ouered by the de.
paitment is, thai for such greatly incressed facilities the
merchants must pay, In order to meet the increased ex-
pense Ihbs argument I. entirely fallciou,, as can be
easily shown. 1
If no boxes were provided whatever, all tbh letters
would require to be assorted alphabetically, which would
require amoot as much time as to place ttepi in the
bose, of the merchants, if not quite as Iong, as the
clerks by practice, can and do, distribute the !etters In
the boxes with great facility.
In such a case no one aould lnow whether he had a
lneir or not until alter en.uiry. and on examination of
perhaps c.ne hundred or three hundred letters Many
merchants c'o not eac-ry day receive letters, and the
great majority receive both by the morning and after-
n oon matls, and aome-times only byone,eS that this
creates an army of persons who are expecting letters, and
bwho have none at various times, when they enquire
daily, but whose enquiries consume as much time as is
required to find bhe letters of those who have.
Now, Ml. Editor, 1)eave itto your judgment whether
"rdr-r a system of delivering letters alphabetitally, or by
the aid of boxes, the department is not a gainer pecuni-
arily by the present use of boxes, for I th~nk It will not
be.disputed that at least three times as many clerks
would be required (on the alphabetical system), to at.-
tend to the same amount of business In the same time


as is now done by the use of boxes. If, therefore, we
tow require not more than one-third of the clerks than
would be required on the old fogy system, there Ia a large
gain to the department in the expense of this office;, but
the merchants of New York are called upoa to contri-
bute the sum of $26,476 per annum towards its support.
The department ia under obligation to afford the mer-
chants every facility in the early transmission and dell-
very of letters committed to its care, and as the chief
portion of the revenue is derived from the mercantile
portion of the community, it is the height of Injustice
to saddle them with a tax to pay the expense of proper-
ly conducting the affairs of the department. It is more-
it is contemptible. AN OLD BOX OWNER.
SEvERE SNOW SBrOnM IN CANAA-We have sel-
dim encountered so boisterous a snow storm as has b'en
pelting the lieges In Toronto these two days past. Yes-
terday, evening it was scarcely possible to contend wth
I he wind at the corners of streets, and the snow drifts
'n exposed places were something to remember. The
climate of the Crimea is elid to resemble ours. If the
allied forces at Sebastopol are visited by such weather,
their situation must be terrible indeed.-Ibron(o Colo-
oist, Jarn. 30.


white.
Herry G. Tyer and John Helm, of New Bruns-
wick, N. J., lor Improvement in processes formakintug
nniua rubber cloth.
Elisha Waters, of Troy, N. Y., for Improvement In
cylindrical boxes.
Salem Wilder, of Lynn, Mass. for improvement in
waxing thread in sewing machines.
Pinoey Youngs, of Mlwaukle, Wit., for Improve-
ment in sewing machines.
Jeme S,.Ewbask, of New York, N. Y., assignor
to Win. Everdell, Jr., of eame place, for improvement
in 8urs.
Edwin A. Morrion,ofLawrenceville, Va., assignor
to himself and Robert J, Morrison, of Richmond,
Vs. for Improvement In delivering apparatus of
grain harveters.
Gee. A. Meacham, ofNewYork, N. Y., for window
washer.
R*-issma--Cornellus I Binokerhoff, of Batavia,
N. Y., for improvement In ploughs.
Charles Mounin and William M. Booth, of Buff lo,
N. Y., for Improvement In flatenmng lantern,


I


Total................. ...............$380,845 68
ASSM'I
Cash on hand as reported, August 1,1854.. .s$18,762 40
Do. received for sundriesfrom August1, 1864,
to February 1, 18556...................... 49,612 77
Total.................................. $281,375 17
Paid for dividends on claims prov-
ed prior to August 1, 1854..... $143,271 58
Paid for sundries since August 1. 13,bS2 28
158,863 86
$61,521 31
Deduct amount due on dividend on claims
proved prior To August 1.................. 1.703 94
Applicable to payment of future dividends
and xpenes,......................... $59,817 37
otie and bills remaining on hand$322,778 74
Memorandum checks............ 43,184 50
Over drafts...................... 20,197 24
""- 386,160 48
Of the above sum of $386,180 48, the receivers regard
$76,000 as good. and the remainder of doubtful value.
The receivers hoda large amount of co'ateral seour.


VOL. XX.


Our Benton Correspondenee.
BosTON, Jan. 81,1855.
Trip from Albany-S-leighing-The Snow Swept
Away-The Election of United States Senator-
Know Nothingiam and Its Strength--The Opera
-The New Theatre and Other Houses.
In this age of gooa-headitivenesu travelling by
trallreod "express trains" at a rate of twenty miles
per hour, is lot considered a very great achieve I
meant, noridoeesIt lImprove one's temper, if the trip
be a long one.
On Saturday mo, ring, I left Albmany at 8 o'clock
in the Western Railroad "express train," and arrived
In "modern Athenia" at 6 P.M. The distance Is
just 200 miles, and according to "Dabol" I figure
the speed at the rate above mentioned. Nor Is 'this
all-from Albany to Springfield the road isl abomil"
nably uneven and out Of repair-the oars antiquated
and dirty, presenting a sort of "gray-lah" appears
ance; and frpm the last named place to Bos-
ton, our "express" was transformed into a
way train, and the delay occasioned by stop-
ping at every village on the route allowed the
New York express train to pass and beat us into
Boston ore and a half hour. Business men
should avoid this toute--"the farthest way round
Is the quickest way home"-and the only class to
whom it can conscientiously be recommended are
those who have plenty of time and patience and a
ouch of-'dysjepala"-they will receive every atten-
tion and kindness fromthe gentlemanly conductors-
the only creditable feature of the concern-who tru.-
ly realize and sympathize with the passengers' dis-
tresses.
Upon my arrival in Boston, I found the crooked,
narrow streets, alive with sleighing parties-bells
were jingling, and sleighs of all soits, sizes and
shapes were gilding in every direction. The plea'
sue, however, was of short duration,
For like the snow flakes In the river,
A moment white, then gone forever -
--o the rain of Sunday night swept away every ves-
tige of show, and created a strong demand for
wheels, umbrellas and overshoes. The weather of
yesterday and to-day is clear and pleasant.
The only political excitement I hear of is the election
of United Statts Senator. Tie contest, I understand,
will probably take place to-day, and the friends of
Wilson are "big with hope." A gentlemot, how-
ever, informtid me yesterday, at dinner, that
twenty-two Senators stand pledged to op.
pose him. If Know Nothingsm in Masaouu.
setts Is what itsl friends claim for It in other States,
viz.: opposition and uncompromising hostility to
political haoks, wie-pullers and demagogues gene-
rally-then It strikes me the queerest way to show
it is in supporting a man Identified with rank abo-
litionism and antl-masonio whiggery of the Seward
stamp. It certainly is not a little strange and in-
consistent that two men, standing upon nearly, If
not the same,ldentilcal platform--oandidates]for the
same honors In adjoining States-yet one is warmly
supported, and the other as strongly opposed, by
this new political organization, that professes to
know no North, no South, no East, no West-no
nothing, except the great confederation, and one
comment American interest. If depriving adopted
citizens of the right of suffrage, and extending it
unaondltionally to the woolly beaded,, Ignorant
negro of the South,are a part of the Know Nothing
creed, then Wilson and Seward are their true repre-
eentttives, and entitled to their ardent support.
On Monday night I visited the new theatre, and
witnessed a representation of Don Giovauni by
the Haoket opera troupe. The building is a cre-
dit to the clty, and compares favorably with
any similar structure in the United States;
the saloons and drawing-rooms are spacious and
exceedingly convenient; the seats are easy and well
arranged, and your ticket of admission secures them
the entire evening; the scenery, the costumes and
stage appointments are unequalled. In a word, the
whole is under the management ot Barry, formerly
of the Old Park. Long before ringing up the cur-
tain, every seat was occupied; the doors were now
closed, and the cash counted a trifle over $4,000.
I will not attempt a criticism of tee opera-good
reason why: I have no musical talent; bat I will
simply sate that this comic opera, with sacred
manic, was well received.
Bostonians have a reputation of never bestowing
applause upon an8 thing or any body at the theatre
-their admiration Is satient, so I am told-bat they
are improrving, and seem unxlous on this ooao-
slon ti make up for lost time, for they rncied
everything and everybody, out or place amd in place,
from Grisi and Mario to the heavy German c-.rns.
Last night Hacket performed Falstaff in "Henry
lW.," by request, to another crowded house. The
tiosets weie all sold before II A.M. The applause
was again bestowed without discretion. Everybody
was aeligbted with the new theatre-the snomery
was beantitul-the dresses magnificent-the acting
gocd-end how could they help giving vent to tieir
joy, even t) indulging in the bad taste of calling
out" favoilite oLe by one after the dropping of the
certain?
Davenport, I understand, is also drawing orowds
at the Museum. Fleming Is doing a good business
at the National. Perham's negro opera troupe are
at the Melodian, and Tounalre'ns ircns o many
give day and evening performances. Not less than
six or seven thousand dollars are expanded here
rightly for amusement. Who says times are hard
in Boston? AIAMGO.
New Patents Issued.
List of patents issued from the United States Pa-
tent Office for the week ending January 80,1855-
each bearing that date:-
I. J. W. Adams, of Sharptown, Md., for improved
imrlemeat for boring wells.
Wn. Adamson, of Philadelphia, Pa., for improve-
ment in clartifying glue.
Abel H. Bartlett, of Kingabridge, N. Y., for hot
air furnace. -
B. F. Babbitt, of New York, N. Y., for car venti-
lator. ,
John Blackwood, of Franklin county, Ohio, for
improvement in seed planters.
John Brown, of Lawn Ridge, Ill., for improvement
In seed planters.
Dexter H. Chamberlain and John Hartshorn, of
Boston, Mass., for fountain brush.
Alfred Doe, of Concord, N. H., tor improvement
in plonghe.
% James Eaton, of Townsend Harbor, Mass., for
improvement in dies for cop-tube machines.
George Fowler, of Noithloid, Cana., for double
acting fuirce pump.
HR-zrkish Griswold, of Hartford, Conn., for im-
provement in the yoke of shirts.
Jonathan Hibbe, of Tullytown, Pa., for improve-
meot in clover hullers.
Alex. Hall, of Lloydsville, Ohio, for improvement
in t ianofortee.
John Hobbs, of Hallowsll, Me., for improvement
in ruin staff crews for ship earpenters.
Washburn Race and Birdsail Holly, of Seueos
Falls, N. Y., for improvement in carriage wheels.
Russel Jennings, of Deep River, Coon., for Im-
provement In angers..
,.Wm. H. McNmmee, of Philadelphia, Pa., for im-
provement in locking spindle door latches.
Sidney S. Middlebreok, James B. Blakalee, and
Chareles'. Blakslee, of Newton, Conn., for improve-
ment in machinery for felting hat bidles.
John B.Nichols, of Lynn,MaSs., for improvement
in sewing machines.
Aaron Palmer, or Brookport, N. Y., for Improve-
ment In the constructica of the frame of grais har-
veets.ts
Elijah' F. Parker, of Prectorsvllle, Vt,, for um-
provementin lantern frames.
.Jesse Reed, of Marabfleld, Mass., for improvement
in cable stoppers.
Henry Rogers, of Ferrlaburg, Vt., for improved
force pump.
David Russell, of Drewersburg, ind., for improve-
ment In harvester cutters.
Alex. O. H. P. Schorn, of Murfreesboro', Tena.,
for improvements in portable fire arms.
Thaddeus Selleck, of Greenwich, Conn., for im-
prc-vement in methods of working Frankllnine ore.
John Skeiley, or Brooklyn, N. Y., for improve-
meet in carriage wheels.
Geo. L. Squier, of Chioapre Falls, Mass., for im-
provement in straw cntters.
Joseph Stockdale, of Ypsilanti, Mih., for improve-
ment In cultivator teeth.
Jonathan G. Trotter, of Newatk, N. J., for Im.
provement in the construction of furnaces for zinc


Our Flor4ida Correspondence.
JAOKso0srvLLB,Fla., Jan. 25,1855.
Railroad Improvements-Communication with New
Oileans-Hotel Accommodation and Good Vea-
ther-The Know Nothings-Election of United
States Sinator-Seward's OChace--Emigration.
The Legislature of this State, at its recent ces-
sion, having, among other bills, passed one provid-
ing for a liberal system of internal improvements
in the State, the several railroad companies are now
bestirring themselves to consummate the several
projects entrusted to their care. ,
The Florida Railroad Company, with a chuter to
build a road from Fernandina, on the Atlantic,
across the peninsula to Cedar Keys, on the Gulf-a
distance of one hundred and forty miles-have al-
ready contracted with Mr. Anson aings, of South
Carolina, to construct their roal. The work will
commence in the month of March, and be prose-
cuted to an early completion. This road can but
prove an important and profitable one-cutting off,
as it wffl, the tedious and perilous sea voyage
around Cape Sable for passengers to and from the
North, the Isthmus, and New Orleans. Hon. D. L.
Yulee, United States Senator elect, is President of
this company, and among its directors are many of
tie best business men in East Florida.
The Atlantic, Florida and Gulf Central Railroad
Company have a charter to construct a line of reil-
way irom this city west through the State to Pensa-
cola bay. A considerable amount of the stock is, I
am Informed, already taken and a board of direc-
tors, mainly residents of this place, been chosen.
Dr. A. S. Baldwin is the President of the company.
Although the contractt for buildIng this road has
not yet been taken, it is thought that the feasibility
of the route, together with its evident paying pros-
Spects, will soon elicit bids which will be acesp'ed,
and the work commenced. Jacksonville is a de-
sirable terminus for a road, situated as it is aon
the noble St. John's river, but twenty fire miles
fiom thi Atlantic, with an enterprising and astire
class of inhabitants; and possessing the elements
get orally requisite for a large and thriving city.
By the way,I must not neglect to mention the fact
that I am at present sojourning at one of the best
public houses I have yet found in the Southern
country, It is called the Buffington House, has an
obliging and attentive proprietor, Col. S. Buffing-
ton, gentlemanly asiatants, and faithful as well as
civil domestics. I* am happy to find myself per-
fctly at home in this popular hotel. It is filled to
overflowing with visitors from various sections of
the Union-the health-seeking invalid as well as
the sfeker of pleasure.
The climate in this locality is mild and delightful
-a'l tlat could be found in Italy or the South of
France-hence the occasion, of so large a number
of consumptive invalids resorting hither to escape
the cold and harsh winter weather Intoldent to a
northern latitude. '
Since my arrival here I hear much of a mysterious
society called Know Nothings. No one seems to
know whether or not such a fraternity exists in this
city, though "circumstantial evidence" would na-
turally incline me to the belief that such is the case,
This remarkable order is said to be increasing In
numbers rapidly throughout the State.
Much interest seems to be manifested hereabouts
with regard to the electionofan U. S. Senatorin
your State. Should Governor Seward be defeated,
as is ardently desired by the devotees of "Ameri-
can" principles, it will tend greatly to Know No-
thingize almost the entire South. A fear on the
part of many, and the ling of it opponents, that,
ti new order is only abolitionism sheep's cloth-
ing, wil be set aside and Its nationality firmly ea.
tablihed, if Seward should b defeated I New York
add Gen. Wilson in Massachuretts. God grant that
they may.
I observe that the tide of emigration into Florida
from South Carolina and other neighboring States
is rapidly inreasoiny. The steamers Carolina and
Florida, from Charleston, come laden weekly with
living freights of a substantial character, which
but strengthen me in the belief that Florida ha
before her a bright and prosperous career.'
Arshatics.

FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL.

MONEY MARKET.
S: SATuRAY, Feb. 3-6 P.M.
The stock market was quite buoyant this morning.
All the leading fancies were in active demand, and
an advance was realized, with one exception,
throughout the entire list. At the first board In-
diana 5's went up 1 per cent; Virginia 6's, J; Mls-
souri 6's, J; Erie Bonds, 1875, 4; Canton Company,
J; Cumberland, 4; Cleveland and Toledo, l; Erile,
J; Harlem, J; Beading Railroad, J; Hudson Ril-
toad, Nicaragua Transit fell off J per cent. Stale'
stock .and railroad bonds were freely offered, and
found purchasers at better prices. Cumberland Coal
was the most active fancy on the list, and closed at
an advance on the opening price. The purchase
buyer's option thirty and sixty days, continue very
heavy, and as they are made by parties who have
the abilityto carry every share as it comes in, the'
probability is that sellers will find a scarcity of
stock when they want it for delivery. Erie Railroad
is sustained upon the effect of the recent successfnl
financial operations of the company. The fact that
the income bonds were paid as presented, and that
the interest due on the e1st inst. was promptly paid,
bhas been sufficient to enable the bulls te keep up
prices and make a good show of firmness. With
perhaps two or three exceptions, sellers have much
the strongest position; and time, which is the great
regulator of the fancies, and the entire chapter of
accidents, aid the bears wonderfully in their
operations.
Transactions at the office of the Assistant Trea-
surer of the United States, New York, Feb. 3,
1856:-
Received................-...................$170,21663
Paid ....................................... 43,58181
Balance...................................3,778,329 84
Paid forAssay Office..............-......... 132,431 93
After the adjournment of the board, the follow-
ing sales of bonds and stocks were made at auction,
by A. H. Nicolay:-
$5,000 Racine City (Wis) Convertible 7's, int. add. 663.
3,000 Cleveland and Pitteburg RB. R. Incomes, do. 51%
3,000 Northern Indiana R. R. Goshen Branch, do. 83
6,000 La Crosse and Milwaukie Railroad 8's, do. 80%
26 shares 'Manhattan Fire Insurance Company.1168
60 Astor Fire Insurance Company........ 7%
40 Rutgers Fire Insurance Company .... 72
30 Harmony Fire Insurance Company.... 75%
At the second board all the fancies were firm at
an advance in prices. Erie bonds, 1875, went up
4 ncr cent; Cumberland, h; Nicaragua Transit, 4;
Canton Co., 4; Erie Railroad, 1; Reading Railroad,
4; New York Central Railroad, 4. Erie closed at
474, buyer's option, thirty days.
We understand that the recent purchasers of the
Paker Vein steamships have bad offers made to
them, by some foreign houses, for several of their
vessels. Mr. Crom wiell is now in Baltimore, and it is
to be hoped that before he leaves the merchants of
that city will have induced him to continue the
line unimpaired to that port. Their interest and
that of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company
must be closely identified with their steamshtps.
If this line is abandoned it will be the last the citi-
zens of Baltimore will have built upon New York
capital.
The receivers appointed to wind up the affairs of
the Cochiruate Bank of Biston, have made their se-
cond report to the Supreme Court, from which we
give the following abstract:-
Coci-roAnu BAXK, Bosron.
Amount of claims proved prior to August 1,
1864.....................................$289.951 05
Do. from August 1, 1854, to February 1, 1855 57,819 64
$347,770 69
Circulation outstanding February 1, 1855.... 23,389 00
Due to depositors, not yet proved........... 2,167 64
Contingent claims and claims presented and
net allowed by receivers.................. 7,548 35


ties, which are of uncertain vialund. addition to these
there are intereals in real estate. ontfrgent claims mad
securities, derived from settlementas by compromises,
which are subjects of investigation by the receiver',
and will be reported more specifically ton the Court when
an estimate of their value can be made in any approni-
moation to certainty.
The circular of Mr, Isaac 0. Davis gives the fol-
lowing review of the Cincinnati Mining and Stock
imarliket, for the week ending Wednesday evening,
January 81st, 1855 :
Money matters present no new features The feeling
i gradually working better, and as confidence increases,
capital seems more plenty; showing that it is not the
scarcity of money that produces the stringency which
has been felt for some months past, so much as Ibhe sur-
plus of funds being directed In a channel foreign to the
immediate wants of the business community, the ab-
sence of confidence, and the distrust between man and
man.
There is no doubt but that there are large sums of
money in and about the city lying idle, because the
parties holding are too timid to invest.'
Our banking institutions are paying more attention to
buying and selling uncurrent money than to their le-
gitimate business and are using their surplus funds in
that way, instead of extending the discounting of busi-
ness paper.
Bates for money bold up extremely -ell.
We quote Eastern exchange at S premium buying,
and 1 premium selling rates, not very firm.
Sight checks on New Orleauns range from 3 to 1 per
cent premium. 4 '
From New York, the news is very favorable. Money
is abundant, with a great falling off in the demand; and
rates are not as high as heretofore. RBalroad ItockL are
somewhat unsettled, yet the leading .nev bae hnot dn-.
dlined much.
lbea st-eck market in the Weat is more active, especial
ly among our low priced stocks, demand bo;ng balter as
contuenre is regained.
We understand that the Ohio and Misas;slppi Railroad
Company have made a very favorable settlement with
Page & Bacon, and bare now the completion of thb road
in their own hands. The earning- of our Western roads
are srill increasing
CrIcrNTAxr STOCK SALES AND QuOAerrOSe, JAN. 31.
Bellefontaine and Indiana Railroad stock, 40; CiQin-
nati, Hamilton and Dayton Railroad stock, 68; Cleveland,
Columbus and Cincinnati Ratilroad stock, 96; Columbus
and Xenia Railroad stock, 90; Cincinnati, Wilmington
and Zanesville Railroad stock 32%; Central Ohio Rfall-
road stock, 52- Covington and Lexington Ridlroad stock,
26; Eaton and lHamilton Railroad stock, 30; Fort Wayne
and Southern Railroad stock, 10; Greenville and Miami
Railroad stock, 25- Hillsboro and Cincinnati Railroad
stock, 24; Indiana Central Railroad stock 46; Indianapo-
lis and Cincinnati Railroad stock, 45; Uittle Miami Rail-
road stock, 90; Mad River and Lake Erie Railroad stock,
37%; Marietta and Cincinnatli Railroad stock, 25; Ohio
and Mississippi Railroad stock, 26 to 29.
The Boston Tdelegi aph of the 21 inst. says:-
The stock market continues inactive, at a slight re-
duction from yesterday's price', with more soallers than
buyers in some of the sound stocks, but thbe fancies
were generally in better demand at improving rates.
Vermont Central sold at 8%, and-there is evidently very
few shares floating in the market at the present rates.
4gdensbhurgis very Arm at 6% bid, and only a few shares
offered at 6%. Vermont and Massachusetts steady at
16%. Fltchburg declined %; Eastern, %, and both
cloeed dull. Providence was in good demandat 69% bid,
70 asked, without sales. Michigan Central improved to
78%, and was in good demand. Vermont and Canada is
dullat 77 asked, the extremeadvance within a few weeks
not being sustained; Western steady, at 90 bid, 969
asked. Railroad bonds were in better demand this
morning, especially those of the Ogdensburg and Rut-
land. Ogdensburg let mortgage could not be obtained
at 59, and 2d mortgage sold at 30; Rutland 1st mortgage
were firm at 64 bid, none for sale; 2d mortgage 37 bid,
and 3d do. 19 bid. for several small lots. Tor Concord
and Montreal mortgage 7's 88 bid, 90 lasted; Michigan
Central convertibles of 1860 were offered at 79 and not
taken; Portland 6's are scarce, at 100% bid for $1,000
pieces, and 101 for $500; Albany City 6's par bid, and
the same guaranteed by the Western Railroad 104 bid.
Thereis noCityofBoston stock in the market just now,
and-the 6 pert cents which aoid aL Hi4.ome weeksMince
would now bring par. Copper stocks were in less de-
mand generally, and Toltec declined to 5%, in conse-
quenee of an assessment of $2 per share, payable March
o, which Ul make the whole amount paid, $11 on 20,000
sLares, equal to S2i0,000. Copper Falls is heavy at 39
aekl-d, 37 bid for small lots. Pitlsbunrg Cbhff) Copper
Company is in request at 12b bid. and no shares offered.
lnene-ota is held at 140, incio ilug the dividend of pro-
bably i$20 per share, to be declare a seeoo as thei pro-
ceeJs are reallid from copper sold. This company has
shippe.i a portion of its copper to England, where they
expected to realize a btrier price than in thismarket. The
last sdvices from the mornug reginat Lake Superior are
encoursiing, and Ibe resources of Ibhat country vsl yet
ationish-the unbelieverV 'n copper mining.

Stock Exchange.
SSAIT,-DT. Feib. 3, 1855.
$000 Inda St 5s..sB 81 h0 bia Cui Cl Co.. 35,L,
13000 Virginia 6'e.b3 96 -0 do-......... 35%,
1000 do-......9 200 ho. ....h. 3
500 do...... 9b% o00 do......so 35
3000 do...... 957; 100 do-......sl0 356%
5000 do.... b4l 9Bi i20 dob......b60 33%
5000 Missouri 's... 9b, 330 NY Cean RR..opg 89
10(0 Erie 2d M Bes 8 100 1 ,0 do .... opi a9,.4
2000 Erie Bds,'83.s3 0 t 15,) do......hbou 89P,
31000 ErieBe, '75... 81 60 Chic & RI RR... 80
2COO do....b60 1 "10 Ctl.etT'idRL.. 63
1000 Hud RivIstMlB l100 lbt0 Erie RRB.......-8..4B,4
2000 ll CenBRRBds. 7",i 150 do.....tb160 48!,
S500 do ...... ou 100 do.....-s.30 4r,
26000 do ..... c 700 dos.......63 4V,
5500NYCenRRBs. 7 20') dob.....bow 44',
600 N York Can 7's, 97 50 do ... l0 465;
500 do...... 9'.i 100 do.....b0 46/
2000 do..... 97% 25 do-......... 46%
5000 do....s90 98 50 do-......D3 45%
5000 do....s90 97 200 ,co...... ti 46%
44 shs Am Exch Bk 105 100 do..bh0 46X
5 Mich Cent BR.. 79% 100 do...:. u'A 48%
45 do......... 80 100 Hiarlem RK.... i' 30
20 Canton Co...... 22% 100 do3..... 0 :10
100 do.....be0 23 300 do b3......0b6 80%
300 do. ....bl0 23 100 do:......s80 0X
100 do-......s3 22% lu0 doh......b 30%
100NibcaTrana Cos3 16% -1,.0 Reading R...a3 73%
460 do.....b30 17 456 do...... B3 73%
300 do-......b3 16% 200 do .....-l0 73%
100 do-.....b60 17% 300 do .....F.30 73,1,
200 do-.....b30 17 100 do-......3 73%
100 do......as8 17 100 do-.......b3 74
560 CumbCl CCo...s3 35% 450 do-.......s.) 14
00 do.....b60 85%3% 0, Hadsono R R... 37%
400 do.3...,b80 85% 200 dob......b60 38%
350 do-.....s60 35 200 do3......0b0 38%
125 do-.......s3 85% 150 doa......s3 37%
500 do.....b60 83% 7 North End RR... 80
100 do....b60 36% 20Gal&ChlcPRR.. 87
350 do........c 35%
SECOND BOARD. *
$8000IndaSt5's..s3 81% 60 shs Canton Co... 23
S800 NY Cen 7's... 98 100 Harlem BRR...s30 30%
3200 do....... 98% 100 doh......b3 30%
2000 do ...... 98% 100 do ..... .b3 30%
500 N Y Cen RREBs 87 100 do......s30 30
160oIllCenRRBs.. 72,% -2' Eire RR......... 46,V
20000 Erie Bde, '75.. 81% 2,'0 do .... 46%
5000 do... b60 81% 150 .do ....bl0 47
5000ErieCvB,'6i6.s3 78% 10,') do ... b30 47%1
6000 o ..b60 79% 100 Reading RR..s60 74%
2000IndaBkBds.. 79 750 do....... s3 74%
7sbs Del & H CnIC 111% 100 do....b0 75
11 Metropolitan Bk. 102 10 Rich South'n BRR 84
15 OhtoLife & T Co. 89 5 Galena & Chi RR. 87
10 do......... 0 400 111 CentF RR...... 96%
800 Cumb Coal Co... 36 .5, N V Cen RR.opg 89%
100 NicaTrasCo.blo 1" 10'l do ....hb50 89%
400 do. ....b30O 17% B do.... .opg 89%

CITY TRADE REPORT.
Fewr iv, Feb. 3-6 P. M.
Asrs.--Sales of '7t bbts. were male at 56 68 for pots,
and at $8 75 a $7.
BRnnDSTrFr.-Flour-The sales embraced about 6 000
a 6:000 bblts., including common and straight State
brands, at $8 18 a $8 50; common to good Western at
$9 31 and $10 50do. for extra Ohio. ExtraGenesee was
unchanged. Canadian was sold to a limited extent
atabout$8 75 a $ SIIn bond, and at $9 50 a$9 9
duty paid. Southern flour sold in a moJerate way at
$8 87 a $9 25 for common to seed, and at 59 31 a i10 37
for fancy and extia brands. Wbsat-Thss aul em-
braced 1,100 bushel Southern white at 82 20, 800 do.
Southern red at $2 12, and 1,000 do. while Michigan at
$2 40. Corn was scarce an.- sale, limited. A sale or
2,500 bushels prime yellow, afloat, was made at SI. Rye
was nomansl. Oats wer' firm at 52 a -l. far New Jer
sey, and at 70c. for heavy Chicago. Rye flour was at
6 26 a $7 37. Meal was dull at $4 50 for Jersey, and
$4 87 for Brandywine.
COcoA.--Sales of 2,000 begs St. Domingo on prlyate
teams.
Corns -d ales of 120 bags St. Domlnan were made at
Oc. 75 mats Java were sold at l;,' a 13,%/c. Rio sold
in a moderate way at P% a lOc.
COrron.-The sales on the spot embraced about 1,100
bales, the market :loeilg at extreme price
FBsocirras-no Liverpool 1,-'00 bbl flour were enraged
at Is. 6d.; 1,000 bo.\e t.acon at 17, 6,1., and 60 hd'i.
do. at the same oatse. and 600 bales cotton at 3s. (d. per
bale. To London liOn hbid. pork wore engaged at 3is. ld ,
and 450bbl. roels at "e. 0d. per 21-0lbs. A '-esasl of
1,300 tons was chartered for London from a Chinese port
at 3 lbs.- if from mother port than Clanton, 4 5s., and
1i from Calcutta to London, 6. To Havana rates were
unchasged. To California rates were steady, at about
SOc. a 40c. per foot measurement. To Bremen 500
packsges heavy goods were taken at 22a. 64. The 100
bbls. miscellaneous goode reported yesterday al 7_,., by
scme transtormation of types, was printed ,,100 bbl..
Geneee flour at 25S."
Fsvrr was unchanged, with moderate sales dry raisins
at $2 40. and of wet dry at $2.


HAY,-4ales of shipping --ere made al about 90c a 95ic.
IRON.-The market was steady for Scotch pig, at $'29 60
a $q3, on time.
lOLAssas -The eiles embraced 700 a 800bblt., part at
21c. for common, and 27c. a 28a. forprime; and8 hOhhds.
Cuba at 24,ec.
NAVAL SUroES.-'aleas of 200 to 300 libls. spirits wer-
made at 40c., in ibhl.ping order, 2,0l bbla. common
rosin sold at $1 .0 per 310 Ibs., delivered, and 5u0 bels
selected tar, for htipplng,Ipt $'262 The last sale ofr
raw turpentine ere reporftrd at about $2 76 $3.
Olt.-.-nseed as steady at bIc., while other de.erlp.
tons were unchanged.
PsovtiONS.-Pork was eteaiy., but the marlkeL was
without animalt.vi. Tieb sales embraced about 400 a 0n0
b.bl, old meas at $12 60. New meass and new prime were
ri.mini at $14 25, and $13 26 for new prime. Beef-
Small tales of country mes an i prime were made at old
rates. Prime me's beef waq uncbsnged. Cleveland vs.
rld from S21 to 32. and city do. irom $27 to $27 t0
asked. (Ob bils beef bams, Vermont, were sold at$1.
Cut meats wre in good demand, and sales of 130 tires
bams were made atn o.: ehoulfers ranged from 5%c to
62'ac. art-The sales embraced abont 200 a 300 bbis.
prime at hOc 'le last MAles nf keg acre made at lie.
LEAD o -Galena was dull at 86,1.., whU bothlSipanalih
and Englih were nominal.










NO. 34,


IVEIRTISEMNTS RENEWED EVERY DAY.
"jra MAb.11
'I1 .d m -pFOR SALE OR EXCHANGE, BY A
ifj4:,[UUU. gentleman leaving the United
atee, a fine blot containing 64 lots of ground, with
the lerge aabn house, out buildings, &.&., there.
enj alro c th.e fruit tress flower garden, 3o., situated
at the terminus of the Eighth Avenue Railroad, near
Memisib's Dam, and between Seventh and Eighth aven-
pe; location perfectly healthy, and scenery interesting;
ihmng and bathing In the Harlem river, near the pro.
mises. Good bonds, stokoxs, mortgages (or small houses)
taken in exchange, at par, and only a fair price alked
for the property, which Is very desirable, and within an
hour's ride of the City Hall. Apply to J. AITKEN, 119
Nassau street, up stairs.
ga ftOr --oR SALs wIrmMN THREE MI-
ir Ja nuteS' wal, k of South ferry, Brooklyn,
withgaouse, three story, basement and sub-cellar,
'with gas, ot and cold water baths, and all the modern
Improvements. Will be bold at a eacrice. Apply to the
owner, 94 William street, room 28, N. Y,

l)O 5FO0 -FOR SALE, A HANDSOME TWO
2.5 istcry frame house, with wings at
uppMr .lerinla. Fairmount. TEtirely new, witheght
City lots, eligibly located. An exceUllent chance to get a
goodthoure at a low price. Terms very essy.
SL.t. CHARLES, 138 Pearl street.
fi 4 't/F O -- R SALE, THE LEASE, WTH FIX-
2. OVV. tures, of one of the most profitable
barrooms; with bowling alleys attached; toe location s
nsurpased In New York, being immediately opposite
the steamers, shipping, and boats of every description.
Also, the upper part ol the building to let. Apply to
C. B. HOWES, 67 Nassau street.

A"I RE CHANCE-FOR SALE, THE STOCK AND.
l' fixtures of Marlow'e Union stove and tin depot, 75
Grand street, Wdlllanburr L I with the inwrest in
the lease of the house: also, two wagons, hone haer-.
hess, &o. Inqune on the premises, of WM. MARLOW.
A FARM FOR SALE-CONSISTING OF TWENTY.
Four acres of eceldent tillable land, with a three
ory dwelling containing sixteen rooms, situated In the
town of Flathush, atouLt four miles from the City Hall,
Brooklyn. Price reasonable. A portion of the money
can remain. Apply to CROWELL & BALDWIN,
46 Fulton street, Brooklyn.
A GREAT CHANCE TO INVEST MONEY.-TO SELL
for cash, the floris, eitblishhment of J. B. Lenoir,
deceased, sitnated on Broadway, between Eorty.fourth
and Forty- filth streeti,and possession given immediately,
Oironthe 1at of May next. The variety of flowers and
plants in all those hothounes and on the ground are too
weo known to the public to require further descriptions.
For prices and particulars, apply to H. M OEON, admin.
istrator, 64 Varies street, from I to 2 o'clock P. Mi
ON E BURNING AND BOILING ESTABLISRWVET
for sale. or to let-situated within a few miles of
the city, on the North river, under the Palisades, and
cutof the reach of any annoyance. Apply to
MR. WOOD, 410 Broadway.
B AKERY FOR SALE.-THE FIRST CLASS BAKERY
No. 163 irt avenue, between Eleventh and rTwelfth
street, with nven aed flRtures, and a four years lease.
Price S400. Apoly t3
W. ANDREWS t CO 74 Pearl street.
(APHENE FLUID AND LAMP BUSINESS.-A CA-
the pital chsfe Is offred any one wishing to engage in
the above bosinsess. The stock and goodwill of an es-
tablishment doing a good business will be disposed or on
account of tue present proprietor bema obllted to leave
for the West. Address K. box 37 Post Office, Albany.
COUNTERS AND SHELVES FOR SALE CHEaP--AP-
tily to PAUL A. BREZ, No. 13 Maiuden lane, up

COUNTRY SEAT FOR SALE-ON RE BANK OP THE
Hudson, ona this Wil.ud, or easy access by railroad.
The house is conveniently arranged and tnegrounds
beautanfliy laid out. For terms Ac apply to WM. E.
LEWIS, 82 Cedar street, corner ot Broadway
r SALE-THE HOUSE AND LOT, 42 FIRST AVENUE,
between Second and Third streets; the house Is
twenty-feet front, by forty deep, and the lot about
sev.ety-seven feel deep. For terms apply at 180 Tenth
street
FOR SALE-A DECIDED BARGAIN.-A HANDSOME
Three story and basement house, with counter
ooUaan _Uent neighborhood in Thirty-flrst street,
eetwel'i~ghhblknd Ninth avenues. Also, a first classes
house fn Thirtieth street, very cheap, and on easy terms.
J. F. WILLIAMS & SON, 366 Eighth avenue, anq cifrjm
2 to 3 o'clock at 116 Chambers street
FOR SALE-THOSE THREE BROWN STONE FROST
useu delightfully situated in Twentsecond
streeL on property lately known as Moore's Hill, be-
tween the Ninth and Tenth avenues. Terms easy. J. .
WILLIAJAMS & SON, 866 Eighth avenue, and d;y Irom
t 2 to o'clock at 116 Chambers street.
OR SALE-A NEW STEAM ENGINE AND BOILER,
10 inch bore, 24 Inch stroke, 12 borse power; boiler
4 feet in diameter by Id feet long. William Burden's
uakei will be sold cheap for cash. Apply to
SPOpLE & HARRISON, 6b and 07 Rutgers slip.
FOR SALE-TTHE BEST OYSTER STAND IN THE
F ciy ofBrooklyn Inquire at the Fulton Market,
corner of Fulton and Concord streets.
OR SALE-SO. 76 FRANKLIN STREET, WE3r OF
L and ear Broadway. For manufacturing. public
rusines purposes thin location offer-i superior advan
tage Immediate possession gives. Lot -26 a 100. Ap-
ply to JOHN 8, KELSO, 62 Wlniam street.
yOR FALE--NO. 18 FOURTH STREET, CORNER Oti
Amos stlreetYprv desirable for a physicm *, dwell.
publk d behusheas purposes, having four rooms on
a fiearg and bult c In the most substantial manner. Lot
29.7 x 88. Apply to JOHN S. KELSO, 62 William st.
ItOR SALE-A HOUSE AND LOT, ON BEROEN
P Heights, one mile from Hoboken ferry. Also, lease
of store and fixtures, 16 Beekman streetL Inquire of
FRANKLIN c NICHOLS, general auctioneers and corn
mission merchant,, 61 Nassau street, secoad floor, back
office.
OR SALE-THE TWO FIRST CLASS THREE STORY
and attic brick dwellings with the modern iom-
provements, situate 218 and 280 East Broadway, lots 2t
feet 6 inches Iront and rear, and aboutGO feet deep. will
be sold low and on accommodating terms. Apply to
THOMARMOHRELL, 280 Washington street. If not sold
by Tuesday the 6ith Instant, they will ihen be ofered at
pubbe'auction, at 12 o'clock,at the Merchant's Exchange
bfyW. H. Franklin &Sonu.
OR BALE-A MONTGOMERI BOILER, WITH EVERY-
It thing complete; will be warranted In first rate or-
der, and lt between eight and ten horse power. Will be
sold cheap if applied for soon. Inquire of
P. & T., CASIDY, 106 Plymouth street, Brooklyn.
OR SALE IN BROOKLYN-A MODERN BUILT
three story brick house, situated on the corner of
Hanson place and Hampden street, will be sold at a great
bargain if applied for within a few days, as the owner
must leave this month for the West. The furniture wIl
also be sold, If desired, and possession given limnedLately.
The house is furnished in the best manner, three par-
lore deep, marble mantels, &c. Almost the entire amount
of the purchase money can remain on bond mortgage.
Apply on the premises.
ORSALEOR TO LET-THREE FOUR STORY HOUdSE
on Twenty-fourth street, between Lexington and
FOurth avenues. Apply to ClAS. H. SKIfMH.
FOR SALE ON CLINTON AVENUE, BROOKLYN-A
handsome brick house and six lots anI stable, on
the corer of Gates and Clinton avenues. The houe s
80 by 46 feet, contains all the modern Improvements, and
the situation is meet desirable. Fulton avenue carspass
within 200 feet. Apply to ROBERT SARJEANT, No. 7
Jauncey court, 41 Wall street.
L"IVEEY STABLE FOR SALE--THE STOCK, FIX
oures and good will, together with a lease of dve
years with the privilege of purchase of the stable No. 60
West Fifteenth street, now doing one of the best business
ps the city Also several private carriages for sale cheap.
Apply on the premises.
0 CARPENTERS, PIANO, CABINETMAKERS AND
others.-For sale, let on north side of Thirty-thiril
skeet,' between Seventh and Eighth avenues, 26 feet
front and rear, apd 100 feet deep, with three story shop
en sear, with cellar; also, dwelling on front, with gas
and Croton water, all in complete order. [nquire of
WRATT & HILL, on the premises. Also, a horse power
for sale.

HKA.THMOIVL&L.
lfrATIiMON1AL.-ArGENTLEMAN, AGED TWENTY-
eTI seven yearn, qf preposseseing appearance, and
doing a very respectable business, with an annual in-
come of about 63.000, wishes to unite himself with a
young lady or widow lady with some fortune. Only good
i eking and well educated ladles are Invited to correep-ind,
with J. J. B., Herald office. All commnnlcatons strictly
confidential
THE ADVERTISER IS A WIDOWER, ABOUT TFI.TY.
eight, is a gentleman, and a man over medium
statue, one of the first and most prominent men of the
country where he issldes, and of some wealth. Has some
very fine children. He wants a lady of education and
*efinement for a wife, ot very particular about her age,
' (tbis must be staled,) but she must be a well bred lady.
Southern ladies very much Ihed. Such a one may find
a good husband and a good home by aedretsing box :174
oeet Office, Jersey City, New Jersey. As the advertiser
Is not only bonest but In earnest, all communications


("o receive attention) must be accompanied by the real
name end reference of the writer, and will be treated
With the most perfect confidence.
SPORTING, 8C0.
jAMMOTM NEWFOUNDLAND AND ST. BERNARD
pops, King Charles spaniels, Scotch and English
ak and tan rat terriers and all the choicest breeds,
always on hand. Mateihless dogs kept exlpressly for
qtock. Please copy the address. 206 Water street, eor-
ner of Fulton, up stairs.


B ILUIARD TABLES -WE CALL THE ATTENTION OF
Those who intend to purchase tables for private or
public use, or who wish to have club rooms fitted up, to
call and exsmlne onr new style of cushions, which are
superior to any that have ever been introduced in the
United States or Europe, being made of materials manu-
factured by us, and cannot be bought elsewhere. Our
tables are made of the very beet materials well seasoned
and dry. Orders by mall promptly attended to, by ad-
dressini us at our factory, 90 Ann street.
S, '1 GRIFFIH & DEVKEB. ,


TlNAfIW RN rR.


flOABWAY PROPERIY.-TO LT OR LEASE, THE
J stores 409 and 409% Broadway; bet location on
the street; also, the whole upper part, suitable for a
millinery, a dressmeking or any other business. Al-o.
first floor of 897 Broadway. Apply to A. M. & H. DAVES,
897 Broadway.
H OBOKEN -TO LEASE FOR A TEhM OF YEARS, IN
-1 conequence of ill health of the proprietor the
well known resort, Washington HousOe and Gardens,
Hudson street, about two minutes' walk from the
ferry. For particulars apply on thepremlse

OTS TO LEASE, IN BROOKLYN.-FIVE LOT'l ON
North Second stiree:, running through to Nortn
First street, convenient to the river, and well calculated
for a coal yarn. having been used as such. Apply to
8. LEWIS HUIOCHING, 88 John street, N. Y.
OFFICE It' LET-SINGLE OR IN SUITS, IN THE
new banking building northwest corner of Nassau
and Pine streets. Apply at the Bank of the Common-
wealth, or of JOHN LLOYD, 18 Nassau street.
OMC TO LET-OVER THE MARKEr BANK, COR..
ner of Pearl asd Beekman streets; likewise, a small
store and office under the bank, on corner of Beekman,
street.
OOMS AND OFFICES TO LET.--ROOMS AND OF-F0BS
to rent, in Applton's building, suitable for bad-
ness men lawyers, &. Apply lo
bD. APPLETON & CO., 346 and 348 Broadway.
rO LET-WORKSHOPS. WITH STEADY STEAM
power on the corner of Broome and Mercer streets,
itre-28 by 100 feet, heated with steampipes. Well light
*i water closets and other conveniences. Also rooms
Without steam. Apply on the premises of WM. OAL.
& SON.
TrO LLETr-WILSON,'S HOTEL, ON THE OOR NER OF
Liberty and Greenwich streets, with a good gro-
cery store attached. All the fixtures of the hotel are
complete, and can be had, together with the lease, on
easy terms. Immediate possession given. For particu-
lars apply to WM. WILSON, 109 West street.
TO LET-THE NEW YORK BAY HOTEL, SITUATED ON
the New York Bay and on the Jerafsey City and Ber-
gen Point Plank Road, two and a half miles from the Jer-
sey City Ferry, commanding as It does one of the most
sulendid views of the bay and Narrows, makes it a most
desirable residence for those wishing to spend the sum-
mer months in the country. The hotel, together with
the furniture complete will be rented. For lull particu-
lars, inquire of PETE1 BENTLEY, Esq., Jersey City, or
of Capt. Geo. W. Howe, South Bergen, N. J.
O LET-SOME GOOD LOFTS WITH EXCELLENT
1 light; also, a convenient store on Morris and
(,reenwilch streets. Apply to JOHN LLOYD,
No. 18 Nassau street.
TO LET-1- THE UPPER PART OF BROADWAY, BE
tween Twenty-seventh and Twenty-eighth streets
also between Twenty ninth and Thirtieb'h streets, esaeri
stores and dwelling houses, toone of which can be added
a largerear lot. ApplytoEH.M. SCHIErFELM, No 11
Madison square, north side.
TO LET-A FINELY FURNISHED RESIDENCE, ON
Fourth avenue near Union square, completely fur-
nished, and In excellent order no better location in the
city. Will be let toa private family or for a Brat class
genteel boarding houre. ApplyI at the Union Squoare Real
Estate Office, No. 3 Everett House. corner of Fourth ave-
nue end ieventeenth street. KEYES & HOAOGLAND.
TO LET-ATFORDHAM, A COTTAGE AND GARDEN,
with abundance of fruit. Three mlonute walk
from the depot. Also, a house to let, (No. 9 1hbird
sitret,) with all the modern Improvements. Inquire on
the premiJses, or at No 4 Allen street.

TO LET-HOUSE 12 ELM STREET, A HOUSE IN VAN-
dewater street, a house in Rote street, a house in
Ann street, a house in Varick street, a house in Pearl
tr, et, a house in Mott street, and a house in James
street. Apply lo S. C. SMITH, 659 Rose street.
T O LET-THE ELEGANILY FURNISHED, FIRST
class brown stone front dwelling house, l8 West
Seventeenth street, between Fifth and Sixth avenues.
It has all the modern improvements and affords a rare
opportunity for persons desiring a pleasant and genteel
residence. The house and furniture will be rented to-
eter. and possession given immediately. Apply H.
SMITH, 229 Broadway.
T O LET-A VERY'FINE COUNTRY SEAT, IN THE
vicinihy of New York with house completely fur
rushed. stables and oun L houses, for the term of from
two to three 3J ear Possession can be taken immediately.
Rent $2,0S 0 per annum. For sale, two carriage horses,
perfectly well matched, young and without a fault.
Price $800. address box 796 Post Office.
0 LET OR LEASE-THE STORE AND DWELLING
on the northeast corner of Fourth avenue and
Nineteenth street, a splendid location for a grocery
store, also the store adjoining on Fourth avenue. Pos.-
session given Immediately if required. Inquire on the
premises, or of A. L. OSBORN, at 85 Canal street, from 8
to7 P. M.
TO LET OR LEA6E-THE IORE Itd BOWERY 23
feet frontand 75 feet deep, elegantly fittel up. The
iease ot the above for nine years for sale, or the store
will be divided to suit tenants/ Apply on the premises.
TO LET OR LEASE-STORES AND CELLARS, NO. 90
and 92 Maide n lane. Apply on the premises, to J.
F. CLEU & CO.
O LET-A SMALL STORE, NO. 869 BROADWAY,
between Seventeenth and Eighteenth streets. Pot
session can be had immediately. Inquireof J. M. DENNIS,
No. 867 Broadway.
TO LET-THE MANSION HOUSE ON THE EAST
river, Immediately opposite Helgate, and now is the'
occupation of Mr. H. G. Setbbins. also the convenient
two story double bouse on Eighty eighth street, near the
Second avenue, in complete order with eight lots of
ground attached, running through to Eighty-seventh
street. Apply at the office No. 233 Washington street,
near Barclay.
TrO LET-A PUBLIC HOUSE, WITH STrI1'G ROOM,
JL and other apartments if required. Also, two large
rooms, with four ante-rooms adjoining, suitable for
societies or military purposes. Apply at126 Grand st.
O LET, POSSESSION IMMEDIATELY-TWO NEW
brown stone front, four story English basement-
houses, with all modern improvements 119 East rhi-.
teenth street rent $1,000; and 165 East Nineteenth
sheet rent c800. Location excellent. For particulars
apply to FRUGrLLO, FRANCHI & CO., Agents, No. 106
Wall isveet. ,.
TO LET IN WILLIAMSBURG, TO A SMALL GEN.
leel family, a new elegant brick cottage, six rooms,
basement, iron balcony, marble mantels; stages peas the
door; rent $17b per year. Inquire of Dr. LORETE, 452
Grand street, Williasmsbnrg.
TO RENT-POSSESSION IMMEDIATELY-THE THREE
S story brick house No. 25 Summit street, South
Brookiyn; house in perfect order, with gas, &a ; respect
able neighborhood, and firp minutes walk from Hamilton
avenue ierry. Inquire at No. 27, next door, or at No. 2%
Maiden lane, New York. MAR3H & CO.

rTO RENT-STORE NO. 6 CANAL SrREET, NEAR
Ce ntre street, the first story and basement, with or
without steam power. Inquire at the store.
O RENT-THE STORE AND LOFTS, NO. 42 BEAVER
street. Possession Immedlately. Rent reasonable.
Apply o10 Edward J. King, No. 140 Waterstrest.
O LEASE-THE HOUSE AND LOT NO 864 BROAD
way, corner of Franklin street, will be leased for
a term of years Apply to ADAMS & LUCKEY, 76 Nas-
sau street.
TO DRY GOODS MEN.-TO LET OR LEASE, THE
JL stores No. 781 and 781%^ Broadway. which will bh
altered into one 26 feet feet front, with two large win-
dowe. bhe store Is 80 feet deep, and partly fitted up
with counters, shelving, gas, &c. Apply to JOHN MAD-
DEN, 671 Broadway.

ASTROLOGYV.
D R. WILSON, ASTROLOGER AND SPIRITUAL ME.
diem, late of 90 Brooms street, wil answer all
questions addressed to him at Jamaica Post Offce, Long
Island, with correct time asd place of birth, enclosing
SI, with address of writer, and postage pro-paid. Na-
tivities calculated for the whole life when required.
LADIES WISHING TO CONSULT MADAME MORROW,
will do well to call econ, as she will leave the city
in a short time. Residence No. 76 Broome street, near
Cannon. Gentlemen not admitted.
RS. BIRsEY IS A TRUE AND CERTAIN FORE-
teller of all future events. Ladles -21 cents, gen.
tlemen t0 cents. Residenee 421 Pearl street. near Rose,
atlic front door. Notes addrewied to A B., Ohaiham
Square Post Office, poet paid, will be answered in three
days after receipt.
SPi ITUALISM. MRS. TRAPHAGEN, THE WELL
known lest medium, will hold circles this evening.
and every afternoon and evening during the week, at
341 Broadway, opposite the Tabernacle. Any persons
wishing private circles at their residences can heat-
tended on by Mrs. T. ,
OPIRIlUALISM--MRS. COAN, SAPPING AND WRIT.
lng medium, will receive vishiers dally at 720 Broad.
way, in Hope Chapel building. Hours, 10 to 12 A. S.,
and 3 to 6 and 7 to9 P. M, Wednesday and Saturday
evenings excepted. N. B.-Parties attended at their re.
sidence. Apply as above.

WATCHES, JEWELRY, AcC.


CALIFORNIA DIAMONDS-EQUAL IN BRILLIANCY
and appearance to the real diamond. These dia-
monds are cut from California quartz and the best
judges are deceived. We have them set in pins, rings,
studs, sleeve buttons, earrings, &a. Prices very low.
L & J. JACOBS, 407 Broadway.
J UST BECEIVED-SOME SPLENDID OUT CALIFORNIA
diamonds which we have set In enamel rings We
invite all good Judges to call and see them. Price, large
single stone, set in enamel ring, $12 60--same, real ihia.
mond, would coit 6400.
L. & J. JACOB', 407 Broadway.
W ATCHES AND JEWELRY.-FOB SALE, A TWO
W years lease and fixtures, (stock If desired,) of an
old established wetrh and Jewelry store, situated In the
best business location In the Bowery; ,bthe present pro
Irielor has occupied it for the last eight years, and has
made it answer his purposes well. Such an opportunity
of taking hold of a paying and established business sel-
domra ofers; possession given middle of April For an In
t-rvlew and particulars address A. B. C., Herald offce.
A dwelling connected wlth store, and rent low.


NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1855.


dsh e \ na OOTOLOAN ON DIAMONDS WATOH-
& .I go UsUnes, Jewelry a or boughifor auh.
sdn ht oki, neot, bonds an mortgages, bills of *
glume &a. negotiated. Business confidentll, al e
-aompty executed at 102 Naau street, room No. 3.
WHOPON & CO., brokers and commlnslon merchants.
fflf~l Oo WANTED FOR INVESTMBNT-
jnJ.lVVVW under laud guarantees that prin.
pal t be "oe ; and with rme security that fifteen
per cent will be made for five years. The amount need
not all be from one party. Those wishing part interest,
may address 146 Metropolitan Post Office, Bible House,
hew York.


$ji/ ffflf SPECIAL; CAPIT AL WANTED IN A
iP sv U UU. manufacturing business, well estab-
limhed, and very profitable. Good andl setisfactory s-
cuilty given and a profit of at least thirty per cent gut.
ranteed on the amount invested. Communication irom
agents not noticed. Address Business, Herald office.
j. f j--'f ro s$10,000 TO INVESt FORA SaOK
8,15000 0 of goods-for either jewelry, bard-
ware ncy, or dry goods. None need apply but those
willing to make a heavy discountfromcoet. Address C.,
herald office.
A NY AMOUNT TO LOAN, OR WILL BUY AT SIGHT
L for cash, merchandise, jewelry diamonJds, plate,
property,or security of any description, nm sumin rom
alS to10000oo, at the old established, permanent and re-
sponsible iaifis Agency and Loan office, over Pacifico
Bank corner of Broadway and Grand street. Business
eonfldeotlalsiid pasaf. . :... __
fOROKEN BANK BILLS BOUGHT-THE HIGHESr
Price vwil be paid in gold, [or all kinds of broken
bank money; foreign gold andslver, and unearrent funds
bought 1at he usual rates drafts laon England, Irelan
and Scotland, for sale by JdMES M. TAYLOR 109 Chat-
hamn square, corner of James sLtreet
CAIH, IN ANY AMOUNT, FOR DIAMONDS, WATCHES,
% rich jewelry plate, and valuable personal propflrty
purchased, at 69 Fullon street, second floor, front room.
Offie hours, 9A M. to 4P.M. MW. WOOD.
CASH ADVANCED IN ANY AMOUNT, OR WILL PUR-
chase at sight, diamonds, watonee, rich jewelry
plate or valuable paeonal property generally. N.i. 69
Fulton .tieet, second floor, front room. R. WOOD.
Office hours, 9 A. M. to 4 P. M.
IRVING SAVINGS INSTITUTION, 98 WARREN STREET,
one door from Greenwich.-Open dally from 10 IA.
L to I P. M., and 4 to 7 P. IM. Interest at the rate of '
per eent allowed on all sunms rnm 1 to 6500. The funds
f this institution are securely invested In bonds and
mortgagee in the city of New York, worth double the
amount loaned, and In bonds in this city.
C"ALEB WOODHUL4 President.
W-'L M- Is, Vjloe Presidents.
V Arr, s iL L. Bunir, Secretaxr.-
IBERAL CASH ADVANCES MADE ON HOUSEHOLD
furuilure, planofortes, watches, jewelry, nautical
Instruments, firearms, ho., left to be aoid at auction.
or the same bought out for cash and highest price paid
at the auction store, 24 Catherine street, corner of Henry.
MoCAFFR&Y & WALTERS
M ORTGAGEES WANTED.-636,000, TO INVESrT ON
productive cly property. Apply to
JOHN K.LOS, d2Wiliam street.
0O CAPIIALhTS.--EN THOUSAND DOI.LAR- ARE
wanton for one or two years, on the best located,
leasehold property In the city, upon which a subhitn-
tisl biilcing has just been erected, and leased at a large
per ceniage on the investment. A reasonable bonus
over seven per cent per annum will be paid for the
amount required. Address W. H. V., Herald office.
, HE UNTERSGNED MAKES CAAH ADVANCES IUON
flour, grain, provisions, railway and pig iron in
store, also, upon vessels In port, and upon eank and
other approved stocks or bonds, and upon business pa-
per maturing in New York.
JOHN B MURRAY, 187 Pearl street, near Wall.
r ECOOPONSOF rHECOLUMBUS AND LAKE ERIE
I Railroad seven per cent first mortgage boods, due
December e1st, 1884, will be paid at the banu of the Slate
of New York, on presentation
U. -a ; ; RZ. Q.G.WOODWARD, Treasurer.
TO THE AFFLUENT AND BENEVOLENT.-A YOUNG
man ngsaged in business desires to meet with a per-,
son woo will loan him $500 to enable him tocontinuoe his
business Will give a large Interest together with a life
policy, and a chattel mortgage orI $1 000, as security
for six months. An answer, in confidence addressed to
Berry S., Broadway Post Ufflce. tat.ng where an inter.
view can be bad, further explanation will be given.
MEOT ES & PETEBSON, BANKERS, STOCK AND
Exchange broken, 41 and 41 South Third street,
Philadelphia.-dtock and Corporation loans bought and
wold on commission, promissory notes and drati, nego.
tiated collections made upon all accessible points in the
country; drafts on other cities, In sums to suit par-
3hasers.
DOUSaES, ROOM, &., WANTED
A SMALL GENTEEL FAMILY WINEkS TO RENT A
two story house, or a part of a house, which has
e usual modern improvements. Possession required
as soon as pos-ible. Please address W. B., No. 800
Fourth street. ,
A GENTLEMAN AND WIFE WANt 10 HIRE A PART
of a house, In Hoboken; the second Bour of a two
siory houoe preferred. Address taking full particulars,
rent and location, Jams P. Herald office.
tpURNISHRD HOUSE WANTED tY A YOUNG WIDOW
C lady, where she can take I few friends to board.
Would like to make arrangements with a family that
would board a part or the whole of the rent. Aldress
A B T, Broadway Pot Oreas. -
OUSE WAXUD.-WANTED TO PURCHASE, A
neat two or three-story house and lot, with or
without the modern Improvements, west of Broadway
and not above Twenty-filth street. State size of lot and
house, also chain of title and price, and eay you will pay
expnse of examining the same if found different from
representations. Address B. P., Herald office.
OURE WANTED FROM lST OF MAY-A SMALL
two or three story house, between Bleeoker and
l-ourteenth street. and Fourth and Sixth avenues, for a
family without children. A family occupying such a
house, and wishing to give It up on the let of May, can
save themselves from being house-b.hunted, by addressing
a note'to H. H. W., box 2,2883 Post Office. Must have the
modern improvements, Croton water, ga, furnace, &o.
If suited, B 6 will be pkid for their Ironuble.
HOUSE WANTED-WANTED TO PURCHASE, A TWO
or three story brick house and lot, with or without
store west of Broadway, and not above Thirty-fifth
street. Terms cish. Apply to J. MoD., 8 Battery place.
O OFFICES WANTED-ONE OR TWO ROOMS, IN PLATf
S street or neighborhood. Address Mercantlle, Herald
office.
TAIEN ISLAND.-FFURNISHED COTTAGE WANrED,
until the first of May. Address, with particular
of situation, &c., Z I19 Herald office.
S'ABLE -WANTED TO HIRE, FROM THE FIRST OF
I May next, a stable suitable for five honrses, situated
below Canal street Address, stating terms, L, Herald
office.
TO LAWYERS-A SUITE OF TWO OFFICE WANTED
on the second or third floor, near the Carleton
house; must be light and eligible. The advertiseer
wishes to make arrangements with some active young
lawyer, familiar with practice in the State Courts, to oc-
cupy an adjoining office, whose professional services
woildbe received In payment fof rent. Address imme-
diately, box 3,686 Poet Office.
[N7URNISHED APARTMENTS WANIED-BY THE
middle or April, in a private holise, with private
table, by a family of four persons, gentleman, wife,
prown up son anddanghter; gentleman dining at home
Sunday: soany family aseironus of reducing their expenses
will find this good opportunity, and an arrangement
may be made permanently; an answer stating location,
terms. &c., will meet with attention. Address H, box
1.962 Post Offle, chins and silver furnished for the l ble
Ifuecesaary. Beat references given and required.
ANTED-BY A SMALL FAMILY, PARTr OF A
house, for fifteen months flom the first of Feb.
ruarsty. Rent must be moderate, and the location below
Fouxth street; the east side of the city preferred. Ad.
dressE. N., Herald so.
WANTED-TO RENT, FOR TWO OR THREE YEARS,
on Staten Island, neighborhood of New Brighton
pree-rred sn unfurnlshed house, with garden, stale,
&c. Apply by letter, staying situation and terms, to B.,
box 48, Poet Office, New York '
W ANTED-BY A VERY SMALL FaMILY, WIrBOUT
children on the let rf May next, part of a modern
bullet house, aboves Slxteenth street; kitchen, one parlor
In first story, and three or four rooms in second or third
story A family wishing to make such an arrangemiut
with a responsible tenant, will please address De, box 1712
Herald eiic-, location mentioned, and where an inter-
view can be bad. References exchanged.
WANTED TO HIRE, WEST OF BROADWAY, A TWO
slory building, lith basement, suitable for con-
ductung the soda water business, location between Canal
and lwEntieth streets. Address M. 0, WILSONiNO, 80
Sixth street.
W ANTED TO PURCHASE-A COTTAGE. OR SMALL
house, in New York. Brooklyn or Williamsburg,
within iorty minutes' ride of the City Hall. Price not
to exceed 68 uOt0 or 68,600 at most. Address Alpha,
Herald office,or three days, staring full particulars as
to esie, location and price.

XPREsS AGENCIBS.
O OFFICE OF WELLSiFARGO & CO.'S NEW YORK,
Calliornia and European Expreas and Banking Do ,
No. 82 Broadway and 3 New street -h.ew York, Feb. 1,
18bf,-A dividend of five per cent on the capital stock
01 Wells, Fargo & Co. has been declared out of the net
earningsof'Bad'eomipi-ny previous to the first day of
January, 186b, and will be paid at the office of the com-
pany. 1.2 Broadwey, on the 15th F, brnary instant The
transfer boots will be closed from 12 o'clock M. on the
12th, until 12 o'clock M on the 10th instnt. By order
ol the BSamo of Directors. T. H. MXANM", Treasurer.


LIqUORS, C.
CHOICE LONDON DOCK BRANDIES, OLD AMONrIL.
ilado and Valte sherries East India aud Sercdal
n adelra London Dock port, Holland gin, Scotch and
Irish whiskeys, Jamaica rum; Havana segars at low
prices. Open tU 1II o'clock Baturdays, to accommodate
those who buy for Sunday.
B. E MESSINOER & CO., ;8 Fulton street.
'rt i tri i '. *; *


I


IOLIN, PIANOFORTE AND SINGING.--L MYER,
leaderstCeo Christy & Woed'sMinstrels.is now ready
to teach the above accomplishments to ladles and gen-
tlemen. Clubs of two or more taught in clae'es. Please
apply to L MEYER, 109 Canal street, from 0 to 12 A. M.

DRY GOODS, &C.
6f55 BROADWAY-GENTLEMEN'S FURNISHING
6t00 Bazaar. LEWIS & SEAURD Invite special at-
tention to their system of shirt making-compltie mea-
surement, carePul cutting, best of nesolework with
artistic finish, and no sale if not to please. Gentlemen
who have been disappointed elsewhere azie particularly
oinviiel to call.
BROWN & DOLE, 34 BOWERY, BErWEE-.N FO 'RTH
and Great Jones' stre-ets, are selling thel ch.iiceL
embroideries at S30 per cent less than any other eatao-
hisbhmnt in the city. Best aid gloves, 4a. 'd. per pair.
BARGAINS IN CARPETS -THE SUBSCRIiERS OFFER
for selo the very best quality of Englih an-d Ameri.
can all wool superfine ingrain carp.ts, at iC. per yard;
second quality do bs per yard, English tapestry brns-
els, (of Messrs. Croitleys & Sonu's and otibrr) at SL per
yard; royal velvet do. at61 60 per yard. A. T. STEWART
& CO., mBroadway, Chambers and Reade streets.,
CiI.OAES-CLOSING UP THE SEASON.
C We are receiving per steamers, weekly, oir
Fiench importations oo mantillas, selcctud by Mr.
Bell personally, and to mase room for them will clear
out the remainder of our winter slack relliardless of price,
and advise all wto have not purchased to avail them-
telves or the opportaniLy of buying a handsome cloak
cheap. MOLYNEtL ELI, bi5 Canal street.
BHEAP DRY GOODS.-THE EXCITEMENT STILL
C continues at our friend KEYESt. The crowd was
so great during all of last week that it was found neqes-
shy part of the time to lockthe doorse, ana let the la-
dies out by the ball No wonder, when goods are sold
at such nominally low prices. His object, we belive, is
to clear out his stock, In order to add the second story-
as a carpet store. We would adv-ise ol our lady friends
to call there. HiR tore is ai No. 343 eighth avenue.
DRY GOOD3S--BLACK THREAD LACE. VEILS, A
choice Lock, just received also \aleucenn a and
Maltese Laces, at prices to eait the times. N. B-Win-
ter hosiery selling at a reduction of -'2 per cent.
PETER ROBERTS & CO., 37b Broadway.
D REES TRIMMINGS.-ON MONDAY, THE 29TH JAN.,
we shall commence to close oat the idalance of our
splendid ptock of ri.ih ribbons, sul.able for dress, basequ,
flBounce, cloak and mantilla trimmings, also for sash and
head ornaments, at one half their original costly
W. H. LICHT ENSTEIN, Ladipe. Dress Trimming
Store, 90 Bowery, corner Hester street.
( SNTLEMENIS F RNISHING GOODS AT GOWN'S,
No. 1 Astor House.-Just received from Paris and
London, a fine assortment of gold mounted and plain
shirt studs and sleeve buttons, scarfs, do Jolinville and
other ties. undershirts, drawer, gloves, half hose, tra-
velling sh;awls, dressing cases, umbrellas, h, at
iRE 'S celebrated shirt e istblihment, No. 1 Astor
House.
N OTICE TO FAMILIES-IN ADDITION TO THE
great bargains the subscribers are offering in
Irilsh linenas, they will add on Monday February 4, the
following desirable goods, suitable for houeskeepers, at
correspondingly low prices, vi.-Lined sheetingse and
peirew caselinens, all widths; damasks and damask ta-
blecloth and napkins; counterpanes, blankets and Lan-
nels; plain, striped and plaid cambric m;slins; American
and Rnglsah longoloths; extra stout cotton sheatings
&c., o. A. T. STEWART & CO., Broadway.
rFPHE MOST IMPORTANT SEIZURE BY THE UNITED
- State Marshal of 1IO cases of Perslan cashmeres,
superior de guess to any ever offered in this city, for d.
a yard, and no family will be allowed more than three
pieces, and all those that buy them at wholesale will be
charged 4s. a yard, as it is the determination of the sub-
scriber.that those splendid goods shall' be distributed
amongst the poor as well as the rich. T. E. ISAACKS,
Agent, importer of silks and ribbons,28 and 30John
street, corner of Nassau.

COPABRTNRM LiP NOTICEILS.
DEISEOLUTION OF COPARINERSHIP.-THE FIRM OP
LyMurphy & Quin marble cutters, 397 Greenwich
street, was this day dlssolved by mutu'l consent. All
business of the late firm will be settled by P. L Quina.
NiL'LMURPHY.
New York, Feb 1, 1865. PATRICK L QUIN.
The business will be continued as usual by P. L. Quin.
DISSOLUTIONN OF PARTNERSHIP, BY MUTUAL CON-
s ent.-Diseolved, the partership heretofore exist-
ing between A. W. Wetmer andSJ. Merklea. *A. W.
Wetmer is authorized to collect the asets.
DISSOLUTION.-THE PARWERSHIP OF ANDREWS,
DiSohultheis & Andre"wewas dissolved by ~mtual
consent, January 1,18655. Mr. 0. Schultheis retiring
from the firm, IThe business of the farm will be settled by
the remaining partners. JOHN R ANDREW6.
CHRISTLAN SCHULrHEIS.
GEORGE R. ANDREWS.
ARTNERSHIP.-rHE UNDEIRSIGNED HAVE FORMED
Sa parineruhip, under the firmof Andrews & Bro.
#her and will continue their business of manufacturing
jewellers, at 560 Broadway. JOHN R. ANDREWS.
GEOROE R. ANDREWS.
New York, February 2, 18655. RAN
NTOTICE-ON AND AFTER THIS DATE, MY BRO.
other William Lee has an interealst in my business.
,Feb. 1, 186b. JOhEPH LEE, No. 9 Warren street.
PARTNER WANTED-WITH FROM $5,000 to $8,000,
i In an auctLun and commission business, well eetab-
hlisbed, with no risk. Address B., Herald office. Refer.
encee given and required.
THBE UNDERSIGNED HAVING IN OCTOBER, 1864,
dissolved copartnership withA David S. Brown, the
pblic are hereoy notified that all "debts due the law
irm ofW.. A. Brown & Co., are payable to the under-
signed, who Is aLlono authorized to collect dusa and re-
ceipt for the same. WM. A. BROWN, 177 South e.
T HE COPARTNERSHIP HERTOFOKBtEXEISTING BE-
tween OAKILEY &fESLER Is this day dissolved.
Feb. 8,1866 Signed. EDWARD OAKLEY.
ANTED-A PARTY OF MEANS- AND UNDOUBrED
respectability, to take the exclusive agency of an
English manufacturing concern. Objection made to a
pary already engaged in other business. Address, with
particulars and real name only, for three days, G. B.,
room No. L3 Carlton Mouse, Broadway.
ANTED-TIN TOLEDO, OHIO, IN A WELL ESTAB-
V lmhed wholesale drug house, a partner with a
cash capital of from three to five thousand dollars, one
who Is acquainted with the business, and willing add
competent to take charge of the books, and do the cor-
responding. The house has a lare, well established and
rapidly Increasing trade, and facuties so faras room and
location are concerned, for doing a safe and profitable
business of over one hundred toonsueand dollars yearly.
It is now something over five years sine sthe opening of
the establishment, the last three and a half years of
ihich It bhan been owned and controlled by the present
roprielor. Any responsible persondesririg susnh a situa.
ion, will be advised ofparttoclarls, by addressing thea un.
otsgnd, box S0, Toledo, Ohio. i AH .
Reference, M. Ward, Close & CO., 88 Maidenlane.

nIMOTAL. -
R EMOVAL.-PAUL A. BRNZ IMPORTER OF
watches, has removed his oice from No. 29 Oort-
landt street to No. 18 laien lane.
l i ~ r' < 4 '


I


271


I


- W s t Af __
iCASH MUSIC AND PIANO SPORE OF HORACE
j WATERS, 8333 Broadway, New York-Opposition to
monopoly, music at greatly reduce ratee.-Nntwtb
standing Ie rombinatldnof music dealer to keep up
the prices of con copyright music, agalnset the Intereste
of native composers, and their mefibal to extend to Mr.
Waters the eourtests of he trade, he Is main Im-.
mense sales, having abundant evldefice that he hLes pub-
lio contenance and support In his oppostion to the
great nonopely, and ion la efforts to aid native talent
and to adopt the national borrency. His stoak of Ame-
rican and European music Is Immense, and the cata-
logue of his own publications Ile one of the largest
and beet selected ta the United Siates. BHd has also
made a great reduction In the prices 'of pianos, mel.-i-
deons ann musical Instrumeonts of all kinds. Superior
toned o(-Ctave pianos for $176, .100 and $225, Interior
of as good quality, and Instruments as strong and as
durable as tdose which cost 6$00. Planos or every
variety ot style ana price up to $1,000, comprising
tbhoe ol ten different manufactories--among them the
celebrated modern improved Horace Waters' pianos aud
the first premium iolin pianos of T. Gdiloert Ac Co.'s
maie, (owners or the eolian patent I Seonud han I
piaans at great bargains. Prices from sO0 tu SlWS. Me
lodeons from five dilerent manufactories, inchiding the
well know S D. & H. W. Smitb's m'ioeons, tLuneon the
equal temperament,) the best make in the United
States. prices $46, $60, $75, $100, 6116, lk,5$135
and 1tB'. Smith's double bank melodeons, $200.
Each piano and melodeon guaranteed. The best terms
to the trade, schools, &c.; 12%I per cenut discount
to clergymen and churches. All orders promptly
attended to. Music sent to all parts of ohe country.
port paid, at the reduced rates. General and select
catalogues and schedule of prices of pianos forwarded to
any address frees of charge.. .
CUS1C STORE IN JeRSEY CTY.-THE UNDER-
signed begs leave to inform be friends and the
public Ibthat he has just opened a foreign and domestic
music store, at 150 Montgomery street, where be will sell
all kinds of sheet music at New York prices, and mu-
sical instruments, of every description at the lowest
terms. Dealers and purohasers throughout the country,
as well as schools, &q,, will be supphed byaddressalng
E. A. FELLMER, 60 Montgomery street, Jersey City, N.J.
p REMIUM PLANOS--BERRY & GORDON, No. 297
Broadway, have Just received a fiesh supply of
superior improved sale and action pianos, from Hialiett,
Davis & Co a celebrated manufactory, which surpass
any that we have before offered. Buying lor iash. we
are able to loll at extremely low prices. Second hand
pianos for sale and to let at reduced rates. Nesly
improvedwomodel melodeons, with six octaves, for sale
or to let. Monthly payments taken for part of the
amount.
IANO8, MELODEONS, AND MUSIC-GOREAT RE-
duoton in prclres.-Beaueifal and celebrated pianos
at extremely low pricesa-an assortment of all varieties,
emprising these of ten different manafactorles; melo-
deons at a large disdoount from former price, a large
varietn.af all the various styles from fivedifferent manca-'
factofles, send hbind pianos at great bargains, price
from $40 to ;150; pianos to rent; musical instruments
of eli kinds; musicoat the reduced rates. Now selling
rapidly, "1Sparkling Polka," by Thomas Baker, price 25
centl-a moat beautiful production.
HORACE WAT.RS, 383 Broadway.


ES. COHRISTY & WOOD'S MINSTRELS, IN CONS1
S quence of the destruction of their hall, 444 Broad
way, by fire, will perform every evening at
MECiANICS' BALL, 472 BROADWAY,
under the control of -I. ..
S: ENRY WOOD, IProprietors.
C. GEO. CH.IST1, I1 '
All business transeacted by................Eenry Wool.
ETHIOPIAN MINSTRELSY,
BURIQIQUE OPERA, LIGHT FARCES, DANCES, ETC,
Africanizei by the most accomplished company in the
worlo. A change of programme every evening.
Doors open at 69 o'clock; to commence at 7 pro-
eisely. '
SMUANKLIN- MUEUM,; NO. S BOWERY, NEARLY
JV t opposite the Bowery. Theatre. Performances every
afternoon, at 8, and every evening, at 7. N. B.-
Strangers will observe that the Fran lhn Museum is the
onlIy place in the United State& where the Model Artistes
are eMhibitec with other original eantertanmenla, Re-
member No. Al Bowery. ____
W ALLACE'S THEATRE.-MR. BLAKE RESPECT.
fully announees that his BENEFIT will take place
ON TUEbDAY EVENiNG, FEB. 6,
-hen will be pbriprmed, for Lnue first t-me here, having
been most kindly presented by the authoress, Mrs. Anna
Cora Mowatt's popular American comedy of
FASHIuN
cast with the entire strength of the company.
Adsm TIruneman, (his original character.) by...Mr. Blake
With, by special request, and for this occasion only,
the favorite crams of
THE LAST MAN.
Geoffrey Dale............by................ Mr. Blake
Box book now open.
Full particulars hereafter.
W ALLACK' IBHEaTRE.-E3rRA--MONDAY, FhB
b.-lcfTeailng attraction of Morton'b doe comedy
of TOWN AND COLtNIRY.
with its complete and splend,.1 cart. Together with the
comedy of THtk. CKRinC.
Both pieces calling into requisit-on ail the taleot of"
tbe comfarny
AIILLACK-S THEATRE.-TUESDAY, FEBRUARY S.
AL BENEFiT OF MR. BLAKE.
First night of Mrer Moe attl'. American comedy of
~FasWON.
with new and appropriate scenery and a splendid cast.
adrn Tru, man-............. .................Mr. Blabske
Mi Lester, Mr. Brougham, Mr. Pyottl, Mr Vincent,
MIr i. rrL,U Mr Bland, Miss RoEsa Beunett, Mrs. Blake,
Mras irpben8, Mrs Brougham, Mrs. Cramer and Mrs.
Conover, also will appear In the comedy..
First night of the season of the touching drama'oft
.. :. . THE IAST MAN, ,.*
in which Mr Blale will perform his celebrated original
.part of Geoffrey Dale.
OWERY I BHEATRE.--',"VATI'-COiMPLIMENTARY
beniflt to J. S FRELTCH.
Greatest bill of the season. For AcId Lang Syne."
Old friends, turn out on this oc-:asion.
The following grand combination cl pieces will be pre-
tented:- OUR GAL.
BE IR1-ISH KNOW NOTHING,
FIVE HUNDRED POCNIS REWARD,
and the WATER WITCHES.
With a great array of talent, coniisling fr-f-
MR. C CEHABLES. MISS M. A. CHARLES,
MiSS FANNY LaNDERS.
Mr. 0. Sweet, Professor McFarland ,
Mr. T. Wemyss, T. Mitchell,
P.FrofeesorSB. Yates, J. B Hart.
FRIDAr V EVCiNo, FU. 9.
Box sbtet iq now open. I you want a good Seat secure
it early. ,
LFOPLE'S THEATRE, ST. LOUIS, MSSOURI.-THE
uudersigned, solet -lee and manager, begs to call
-he attention of I stars" Lravellng westward to his po-
pular establibnment the only one in St. Louis regularly
open 'or an entire season from the last of August to the
4th ofr July. itars can rely upon their pieces being
well put upon the lage ase well as being supported by
the best company in the West. Thoes of acknowledged
talent wishing an engagement, will please direct to GEO.
WOOD. Manager, People's Theatre, -t. Louin, Mo.

HORS3S8, CARBEAGS, &C.
A NEW LIGHT EXPRESS WAGON FOR SALt--IN'
S quire at 487 Fourth street. e "
VOR SALE A LONG TAILED GRaY HORnE, 16
h ands high, sound and kind in all harness, and can
trol very fast. Apply at 94 and 96 Merear street.
OR SAL-A BAY HORSE, 16 HANDS HIGH,
sound, and kind in single and double harness; cam
inside 2:60. Also, a light trotting wagon, sleigh,
one set oCbirnes, whip, stable and dres blauete,robes
belle, &a. All to be sold together, as the owner is about
leaving the city. Apply at 94 and 98 Mercer street.
F OR SALE-SiX NEW EXPRESS WAGONS, OF DIF
ferent eires. alo, a constant supply on hand. Ap-
ply at bTUDLh.Y'S, 81 Canal street.
H ORSE FOR SALE, AT A BARGAIN-HANDSOME
color, five years old in she spring; ha never been
oDisen angle muclk Is very stylish and a first rate travel.
ler, kind in double harness, and will improve every day
he is kept. Will be sold for SI.5. Adurese, post paid,
box 2,476 Post Office.
HORSES TO LET-TWO GOOD SADDLE HORSE- ONE
aufirnt rate lady's horse. Will be let togetimeror
separately, on moderato terms; or they would be let a
harness horses, with or without a good express wagon.
Apply at No. 9 Carmine street.
oALE AND COMMISSION STABLES, NO. 2 UNIVERSITY
k place. At this establiahment may always be found
horses to suit any description of worse. On hand, some
fine animal of all sife and speed, and at prices to meet
the times. Horses and wagons bought and sold on corm-
mission at 2 University place.
WQASHINGTON -FOR SALE, THE FAST TROTTING
bay stallion, Washington, 16% hands high; ten
years r old- perfectly sound and kind. Washington is a
superior foal getter, as all his stock has proved. For full
particular. apply at 94 and 90 Mercer street.

U.ISCELLAiNEOUUB. ____
1 f 6 CANAL STREET, NEAR VARICK.-W. & H.
16.5 VAN NOTE'S grate and fender, kitchen rage,
summer range and stove warerooms. we have a large
assortment of the latest patterns of mantel grates,
ranges and stoves, for sale on reasonable terms. Grates'
and ranges set and repaired, ranges lined, brass found-
ers' and jewellers' furnaess built, stoves lined, bakers'
ovens built and repaired.
VUPf OF CORNS BY MADAME BERHARD, NO 167
Bowery, east side, between Broome and Delaney
sheets. Madame B. respectfully informs the public that
she has reduced naher price in order to enable every one to
be Irte from pain, and feels confident in promising that
bshe will remove corns, bunions, nails grown in the flesh,
&c without causing the least pain or inconvenience.
Persons can be attended to at home, or at Madame B.'s
residence, from 1 untll 7 o'clock P. M.
DECORATIVE FRESCO PAINTER OF THE GERMA"
and Italian schooL-Is ready to decorate in thibs
most approved manner and nI all styles. Address, at
208 Spring street, NewYork, GEORGE FICHT.

E IECITOTYPINO.-THE NEW YORK ELECTROTYPE
establishment is offered for sale. Persons wishing
loeitsge In the above business will do well to inquire of
A. H.J(M YN, 68 and o0 Fll:on street.
K NOW NOTHING SOAP.-THIS BEAUTIFUL AND
fragrant soap, emblematical of Know Nothing-
1me, should be in and on the hanLds of every member of
the order and friends of '70. To be obtained wholesale
of HAWkS, HINoDALE & ROBINSON, 41 ey lnstreet,
and retail of T. Coddingtoo. druggist, 716 Broadway
under the New York Hotel, and of all the principal
druggfist.
TOTH MERCHANTS OF NEW YORK CITY.-WM.
B. O'KESON, of the firm of McZindon, O'Keeon &
Welr, Attorneys at Law, Land Agents and Collectors,
Springfield, Texas, is now in the cIty, stopping at the Ir-
ving House, add will be glad to meet with any merchants
who may have land claims in Texas, and are desirous of
having responsible and efficient agents to sell or look
after their lands; and also any who may have any
claims for collection In any part of the State. Mr.
OIKeson will remain In the city one week, and any mer-
chanta who may desire to have a conversation with him
can send their cards to the Irving House, and he will
cell to see them, or they can call at the hotel. We have
a general acquaintance throughout Texas, and can give
responsible references both in that State and other parts
of the Union.
W HAP ARE YE A' MAUN',
To the uptown resort,
Where hot mutton pies
Of the right kind are got
ALEX. D. TARSE], 406 Sixth avenue, near Twenty-fifh
street, respectfoUly announces to his friends and the
public in general that he has opened a bread and fancy
cake bakery anfi confectionery, with a neat and com-
modious saloon attached, where he is prepared tq.serve
up hot mutton pies, tarts and cream, oysters, ice cream,
tea and conbe, &c., &e. Wedding sri;ty orders got
up on the shortest notice. Don't forget 500 Sixth ave-
*M e ',, *I **ri '*. "'


B ROADWAY THEATRE-E. A. MARSHALL, SOLE
Lessee -Di ore open at %; commence at 7 o'clock.
Monday evening, Fenruary b, will be per.ormed
CINDERELLA.
Princeelix .............................. Mr. Harrmen
All]doro-.....................................H. r. Rea
JDain--...................".......-........Mr. Borrani
Pomllono..............................Mr. Herncasuie
Pedro.....-................................ Mr. Davdge
Clorlnda....................................Miss Pyne
Thisbe................................. Carlot ti Poson I
Cnderella.................... ..... MIes Louisa Pyne
AS LIKE AS TWO PEAS
Ricbardsa.... Mr Davidge I Mrs. R.. Miss J Gougenhelm
W AILLACK'S THEATRE, BROADWAY, NEAR
Brooms street.-Monday evening, Feb 6,
TOWN AND tOUNfRY.
Benbe Glenroy... ......................Mr Leater
Cosey.............r. Blake IHawbuck...... Mr. Vincent
Trot........ Mr Brougham Rosalhe....Miss R. Bennetn
Plastic........ Mr "Stewal Mrs Glenroy.. ..Mrs. Hoey
Owen Olenroy Chippendale Mrs. Moreen.... Mrs. Blake
THE CRITIC
Puff ............. Mr Laster Whtkerandos...-Brooghan
Sner........... Mr. Bland rTilurina... Mrs. Stephenus
Degle....- Mo. Chippendale Congdant-..... iss Carman
ARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM.--CHASTE AND
beautiful performances every afternoon and even-
ing.-Mr. John R. Scott will appear on Monday, Feb.
6. Evening, at 7 ;, In BLACK EYD SUlSAN aend UGO-
LINO. Afternoon, at 8. AMBROS'E GWL'Err. fhe new
Wax Siatuary, the living Giraffe, Happy Family, &h.,
to bhe eqen as usual Admittance, 26 cents; children
under len, 12% cents.


BORION'S THEATRECHAMBRSES STREET -MON.
B dnay -Finrt nght here of Mrs. Mowatt's comedy of
J a'A 6 E I O 7
cast with the full strength ,T the' whole company.
Adam Trieman (first tim-1.) Mr Burton: Tiffany, Mr.
Fisher; Count iitf.ib, Mr. Jqpfui i Soobho, Mr.
Jobnriton. Mrs ii y. Pis Coolie; Gertrude, Mrs.
Sough; Prudence, Mri RBtiion Wfibthe farce of
F FAMILY JARS. .
Dlph, .Mr. Baurn.tn, Dgpr, Mt. J, mnstou; Blidy, with
F p Miss t8Macartnty. ', ., '
EsDAY-Arnes ome In ath acts called .
WE154LAE PLOT,
0, 'TEN iAitaGEdv Io TIE Mi tilerre. "
Baltbhazar, manager Ef A nni'ompanv comedians fM
Burton; Florival, one ofhim rnclra, Mr. Jordan; D el,
s l n g i g l a d y M i s s M a c a r t L L e o p o l d D u k e o f N o I s e
stemi Mr. Flshe" . .. -'
Wilb, second trie, the comedy oiFASHON. -, r.
OWERY THEATRL--PROPRIETOR AND) &AegNt'
B I. P. ,WaldrDn;5tagsMager, l.hbertJonfe5-fti .e
of Admlsblop:-Boxes ,rents; it a0ndsalltqy, 12,
cents; Private Boxes, $5. 'q '
Joint. Beneflft o Mr and .lMIa Chbrlep. .
MOaIAn EsEtI:.i, FEnDIUITi 6 ..
IRELAND AND AMERICA. 0OUR GAL.
IRISH KNOW NOTHING. PADDY' MI MIE' BO.'
CIRCUS -METROPOLTArA TBEATRE.-LAS *ikk
S of the great ,
COMBINED TROUPE OF r. SANDS & J. J. NA1 W
SIGNOBINA -- CHIARIN]
in a new and brilliant performance R '
MiSS EMM.% NAI'.&rl1 .
will perform the wrndtrful it..t oo horseback of lesping
through Ixteen balloons -I...'ng ce circuitlon ofthes
arena. . .-
Besides an entire change proisramme.
B"UCKLEYb S ERAuAlJ-a. 689 BROADWAX --7L
menildous suco-ae of1 tb. rand new burlesqoe on
LUCY OF LA IMERMOOR,
in four acts, introducing all iii. 'ongmnal gems" of-.thiM'
lfavorihe opera.
WHICH WILL BE REPrA1 ED ALL THIS WEEK
Preceding the o Iera,
W GRO M Llr- rRELSY.
Concert rommeoce at IF locs. Tickets, 25 conts;
Reserved Seats, b0 cents
On Saturday evening, Feb 3, benefit of E. Q. Hood,.
Macbhnest.
TWNAMLDBON'S OPERa siOStI, '
D 71s and 7T. b'.)nadway, t
Otpoc te the Ne 'torS Hotel. '
OPEN EVthY NIGHT. ..
The mo.t talrnt0- I nd amusing
COMPANY OF NfEGRO DE L i, aOR S IN THE WORLD
Admission, 26 cents. [oor r&pen at 6%; to coimmade-
at 7); o'clock.
Saturday afLernoon-Con.'-rit for the accommodation
of ladies and children. comm .s ing at 3 o'clock.
N. B.-Grand teatimopi al to W. B. Donaldson, Thor,
day evening, February 8.

HE I MMENE SUCCESS OF PE-HAM'8 ETHIOPIAN
J. Troupe in Boston ha- Iriuced them to prolong
their stay. Due notice will given of the
REOPENING OF THIR OPt. 1' HOUSE, d63 BROADWAY
In the meanwhile, that i-t,.tiuful establishment will
be rented for Concerts, Leni.,-,- and other respectable
amusements Apply at Ferit. m's Gift ticket Office, in
the building, where Gift T1w;,i and Iniormation in re,
lauon to the enterprise can t .,-*uasned.
B ROADWAY THEATRE.- iE MANAGEMENT' BEGS
to announce, that ;in .urqnece ol the crowds
unable io gaon admiision to iio Lheatre during the past
two'irk and the repeaie-i i ,mands at the box office
forseat, to wiLfhrt the t,.,iiiiL fairy operaof CIN-
DERELLA, that it will be pre ,ited, for a few nights
more, with-Ith unequalled me-'. beautiful scenery, mag-
nificent phton oan ponies, itr.itoormatious, &c., &. .
Miss Louisa Py Dc -il slinC, nirry eemuig, in the third
act of the opera, the beaulilul aia of '
rESKILANEI
pronounced ball to be I e ery perlectton of votl-
iration.-_ **
ROADWAY SUNDAY C '01ERS--METROPOLITAN
Opera Honse, Breoadar o'.pposite SBonu street.
s ILLLAITr Arto ,it',-.CTi rJV B n.
THIS SUNIiAY) iL'4LNG, FEB. 4.
First splearsece aL tbe-( r, i~...rti of'
810. BERNARDI., ib. ir,mted Baritone.
M'LLE CAMIiLLE URSO
will perfrcim a ow Slo l r, i,. Violin, by Vieustemps.
New operatl-c seleetidhs by the
I I I ORCHESTRA.
Conduc'i.r........... ... Hen Kreatzer
Manager............. ..... ....Mr Frank Hughee
PRO .E.'.. 'E.
SPAIU -' Os o.
Oerlure--Facre ...R..... ...............Hanel
Romana&-'" I'on Sebastien" .............. Donizetti
bung by tiL l'roardi.
sAve Maria-Arranged fer I.I`11 'rhestra, by T.
Busch... ............................u. ..ubert
Solo, Viohll-Thbmina and i'r ll i.nt Variations,
from Ia Figliho dcl. 1. _nito-......V;euxtemp.s
Performied by M'3lli -.le Urso.
Einfoila-Tbe- Scietrro 'ion, Ine Snfonia in
A ................... ........... Mendelssohn
American Fciniia--ir,'rti iciug GCand Na.
nti1nalAs-.-................-........-..Julllsn
Intermission of tenminut.es, .
PABT IJ.--- I LAt
Oveiture-'Zsiampa"..... ....... ........Herold
iolo, Violin-Air and i4ri ini f. -nallons .... Paganmani
P.riorned b y M'ltJ.- .m.ile Urso
Marcb-lntlroOocing lbeSou .'f iood-byeSweet-
heart.............;.._...............D.Godfrey
Song-Air du Chalet.......... ...............Adam
Song by i: P' -niardi.
Sleiph-Ride-['escr.plive of a jr 'h-Ride-.........Jul;en
Finals- Marchb................ ............ Meyerbeer
Admiesion to aUll parls of the lihue ............. '26 cents
Reserved fe-ate Ln Parquetl1e i.,'lt ............26 cents
An efficie-t Corpat ot U.hr i 1 be in attendance, to
escort tbe auileF nc- to thenr lt
Doors open at 6%; to commence at 7g precisely.

UIRSDAA, FEBRUARY I l',b6.-M- 3 IERESA ES-
hONiF'E,-Gratified at e ,-r visit to 9ur city, and
pleased beyond expresaion rti ite talent displayed in
your reubnspa from the Irish ',aODal Poets. at Sanseem
street Hall. last evening, we respectfully solicit you to
give a reading from the Irish an.-3 American Poets, at the
same place, on Wednesday ev, bog next, at 8 o'clock.
We have the honor to be. Ve, r-tpe-tfoly, yours.
General John TWler, Jr., (of n-le P. W. Conroy, James
Goodman Lievt.'Col J Haroej, Majors G. W. Power,
T. Ryan. Captain D. O'Kino, Mcueoy, P. Keane, Howard,
Crowley G. Eherry, Murphy, L.utenauta J. Nk. Byrne,
McLaugUlin, P. O'Connor, Anu'i McManus, Deerne, M.
Keane, J. Walker, Eeenun Caumpbell. Roddy, F. M. Kelly.
R~P 1. y
S iJ Hri' Horst, Pbhladelphla. Feb 1, 1865.
GzNTL3Mx,-WiLth feelings o price and pleasure I om-
ply with your request, trustir' i may prove worthy of
the task your kindneis has piapo-edon me. 1 am, louars,
respectfu ly and gratefully, TERESA ESMONDE.
To General John Tyler, Jr. Colonel P. W Conroy, CoL
James Goodman, Lieut. Col James Harvey, Major .
W. Power, Captain D. 0. Ean-, Captain McGeoy,Lleut.
J. N. Byrne, and others.

OTrTIGNON'S GYMINASIUM-EMI.-ANNUAL E3HIBI-
tion. The seventh semi enonal exhibition by the
members of the above establishment will take plare m
the 6th, 7th, sand th of lei.ruary, 1856. Members'
tickets now reedy. JtduBE WOOD, Director.
.TATIONAL THEATRE, WASHINGTON D. C.-THIS
l theatre will open for the oeaton on Monday, Febru-
ary 12. Ladies and gentlemen acknowledged talent,
desirieng engagements will acdr. ,s the undersigned.
JAMJ J. ROBBIN9, Front str'dt theatre, Baltimore.
"IBALO'--THIS ESTABLISHMENTS WILL ME IT
GRAND OR PROMENADE CONsi RTS, BALLS, OR ANY
RESPECTABLE ENltrrtalNMENT.
For partisulars, inquire of Mr. WM. A. MOORE, at the
front office, on Broadway.
WANTED-A FIRST VIOLINIST, BANJOIST AND
Tamboriest, who underrtnd music- also, a goeS
tancy Dancer, to fill up s company. For further parti-
culare, apply to F. REETA', at the bar of the Franklin
House, near the Fulton ferry. Brooklyn, on Monday,
between the hours of I0A M. and 2 P. M.

DANCINQ AOAIJUmlm.
A DODWORTH'S DANClIN ACADEMY, NO. 806
As Broadway, opposite Eleventh street, Is now open
orthe reception of pupls, who ean commence at any
time. LadIes and children on Wednesdays and Satur-
days, at 3 and 4 P. M.; gentlemen on Wednesdays, Thurs-
days, and every other Friday, at 7. P. M. Practising
assembles on Saturday evenngs, for ladies and gentle-
njen. Monthly soirees as usual. Circulate, continuing
days, hours and terms oX instruction, can be had at Lbs
academy at any time, or will be enttby poet. .
PRIVAlE SCHOOL, 600 BROADWAY-DANCING
taught in the quickest possible time. Ladleseand
gentlemen can now enter for any number of lsseeon; a
new class now forming for beginners; each one Instruct-
ed separately any dance. .Clioulara, and all applicatrens
to be made at 274 Bowsery, book store. t. BUNhi.'i

MEDICAL.
TO NEhVOUS SUFFERER-.-A RETIRED CLEAR v
man, restored to health in a few fays, .,
years of p-eat nervous suffering, Is anxlous to,,,
known the means of' cure. Will send (flee) apy- -. .
ehe prescription used, on receiving a letter (poet ,'
Direct to Rev. JOHN M. DIGNALL, 87 flton r..i
Brooklyn -. .'


T HE-GREAT NERVOUS' REMEDY OF THE AOfE-
Nervouaness cured after many year of greet sif.
iering.-The prescription used will be sent rpe anywi,-re,
en receiving a letter (at pald). Direct to Dr ED.
WILLIAMS, 09 Fuleon street, Brooslyn, I. V.'
h OEREAT NERVOUS REMEDY O1 Tft AOE-TPHE
1 hundreds of letters received from. permis in every
section of the Union, 1o whom the prescrspf ops of the,
ereat nervous remedy have been tent, hi Irduced Dr.
ZD. WIUJIAMS, of Brooklyn, who has ba-tu. sole per-'
paratIon of the pills heretofore, to mnufaotor and
place them on sale, to accommodate the hundreds who
wish to sell them, without waiting to pr=pale th l'
themselves or have them prepared. IprloI.l per box.
Thbey can be had hereafter at the store of J4lEm W.
BUTCB1R, 69 Fulton street, Brookly ,' N.qT.'
TRAVM IJlRW? UIDP ,'.. '
]41 W JERSEY RAULROA ..-30 iPfmln lHlPEA
and the South and ) Wert,s al JerCA t mal ad'.
express ine.-Leave New York at S an M A. M. an
SandOP.M.N Fae, 6$ 27 In ad SB3 il 6 add lAO.E :
and 6P. M second olas,,69 b6 ln 10, Cid.12 ML, ,t S2.
stoplng at all wa stations. Through ticket sold foe
Cineinanati ad the weht, end for BItimore WasMlnutlb,
Norfolk, & and tbrorgh bapoo ge eheebs to Wasil'
ton In S and 10 A. H. an1 P. M.
P ,-N












NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1855.


VOL. Xr.


NOTICES OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

Haspa s' KASA ons WOa PFsuany is an excel-
lent number. The Porte Crayo Illaustration of Vir-
ginia, present ous with some humorous local sketch.
es, approaching tqanetly to the verge of broad
aricatire, but yet preserving a certain fidelity to
the originals, which renders them easily resc i-
able by those who have visited hat istoelatingse-
gl0a. In an m artisticoume the Illustrations of this
article cauneot be spoken of In terms of too hit
oomaendatli. They attest the progWres that has
bsen made within the last few years in wood engrav-
ing in this oountrfy, and am equal to th very best
qeoBMeaof the kind to be found in the serial
woraso(grmt Britain. The plate entiUtled "DI.
eatlea" and "the aSnow Storm" are particularly do-
serving of notice for their artisdotial breadth of treat-
ment and truthfulness of effaot. Taey aDve all the
fre and freedom of the brush, and ftaily realise in
engraving what Is so much prized in the parent art
Abbott's Napoleon Bonaparte is fitly brought toe a
elos by that grand national apotheosiss, which was
so solemnly but tardily oonummamunted in the re.
metval of the rmpensr's remains from the rock-
bond Itle in which he dragged out such ba weary
captivity to 'he merean congenial reeting place deaig
lated by his will. "It is my wish," he wrote, "thet
myahes ay mrepose on the bank of theSeine. In
the midst of the French peoplewhom I loved so well."
Without that affetoUng tribute of justice to the
memory of the greatest man of his age-or, as Mr.
Abbott teems stothink, of any other-the story of his
life would be without ita moral. It served at Once
to rehabilitate bis character, which had been so in-
dustriously clouded by calumny and miarepreseita
tica, and to demonstrate to the world that his fame
was as dear as ever to the national heart. The con-
eoludilsg paragraph of Mr. Abbott's work, although
perhaps somewhat exaggerated by bis enthuilastio
admilution of his hero, has neverthe'ses a good deal
of historic truth in it: -
Napoleon, in death, ha8 became the.victor over
all ais foes. Everi generous heart now does homage
to his lofty oharactr. His last wishes are aroom-
ultsed, a"d his asnes repose in tie bs3mof his
belotvea -'rleno, amaudst te imperishable onau-
meats of his wisdom, his goodnebse, and is glory.
Pranhe has reared lor him a mausoleam whica is a
snatioI'Is pride, and no is enthroned in the hearts of
hisounatrymen as monaroh was never eathroaned
before Through all coming agea travellers from all
lands will, with reverential awe, vimis the toamb of
NepoJseon. HiJs double fame is every day extending.
The voices of obloqu are becoomi3g more fiat and
feW, end at en will he hushed forever.
The artlee an "Italian Life and Morals" draws a
must lamentable pimre of the p-eapnt state of
qocety in the Raniman and Neapolitan Slates. The
object of bhe writer is to chow the demoralizing and
cornnpting Influene oof RmIaLism upon thadomestic
sd social relatlons of life; bit he pushas his con-
elnsioen s aemwhat farther than strict logic warrants.
There can be no daubi that of all ecclesiastical sys-
ternms, that of tbe Roman Catholic church in least
fvorambde to the development of constitutional
hberty; but at the same time the condition of things,
which the writer points to as Illustrating his argo
meats, is not by any means eonclusive as to th i
'hrie deductions which be meekto estabUtah it
is going too fato maintain, as he does, that its
do tineL neorma fly oanduceto oormptionurofligary
and a disregard of the value of human life. The state
of Wngs which he describes would arise juit as ra-
di7ftriate slaborptiou ofthe civil power or the Stai
in the hands of any other theocracy. True Catho"
1Ham does oit acktowledgethe temporal attributes'
cf Papal sovereinty as essential elements ol ite
acgulgmatic faith. Therefore, any arguments deduced
Wrin the demoralization bf Italian esaooiely apply
rather to the faults and weakness inherent to ecale-
sin-polltical eytems of government generally, than
to any doutlinatparttcularties in that of Bornome.
Passing fromthbia debtable ground to the rfaots of
the Martcle, it emst be owned that some of them are
of a inm t slort3ng and deplorable character. Al
tbcsgh we cannot agree wilh the writer that they
tire the inevitahla result of the laiininarlan view
which he alleges the Church of Rime takes of ua 3h
matters, we cannot but pity the weakness of a gov
ti-ment which, from its radically vicious oonatitu
tifon, eAds itself unable to cope with and suppress
inch monster evils as we find deeciblih in the lot-
Iowing extract:-
Dois g Ihe lest century, the average of murders
in H- W&e, with a population of one nandrad ad
fifty thy eaod eaals, was fire or six a day, aml on
sine ,etuts, fourteen. While ccunoied by the
Fatla, there were in a single day one bandied and
twenaifl esa6bsti a c& Ad as late aa 1828 they
avesgid one daily. A chapel of tae Madnantain
bthe cuanre of the Aunust,, is hung about with
kniwis, diks, iand other murderous instruments,
suspended there by their owners, at the order of
thetk cotfeiBor, as a orditiou of absolation anal
evio ce of pardon cj t eir crimes.
Thie s ters ofl Rome are not safe at the later
hboua o night, even now, for any one who has aught
about him to tempt the.cupidity of its highwaymen.
Bomn Otoaendl uf mice are so aoustomined to place
Ih"i wtes in their boots when oat isate at night.
Every fioeiekeeper will tell you the risks they
rd d l not keeping the strictest watch over their
lrain n.; sn aiy one's experleice in visiting
talhiea families will c 'vlnee them tiat they
have more confidence in taesir port:la doors
an smeaiTve gratings tha in either thbe nonesty
ct-their conantrymen or the guardianship of toe
pohoe. 4t is: anstomary, when a viatiter oalle, to
axunoitrereither through a loop hole or an upper
windsoysoloe'toadcartain his quality and buaeines
befoe wit-drawing the bolt. Pear and enaspicLon
:inahfeatele t., great extent in the domestic
aMrelBtlgmes' o Italians, 'and with reason, for in
no' cobir try Is-fthsee more sympatby felt for the
hbtd it'As lie .prQotecta the pjor, he is considered
mnmaisl their clampl )n than a criminaL The ranks
pf bgifwaymen ame ofsen recruited from the disaf-
hcted toward the government, whose oppresaoni
force tnem, w it wee, int) open hostility. Hence
the pastaphe in pars of the character of patlote;
S tdL-tavah Wien the a'd of Frenrn and Ai trian
troops, Ita!y finds it n, easy lak to keep her roads
aR4 ,t'-1e safen fs the traveller. Judge, tha, watt
WcIdd be the condspon of the csutty were its flea
hticirddl housad bayonets iedued to tae umber
that compose the anny of ten United States?
(Ie cbhif of the roman brigands, from their an-
ilenlty an d extant Of eiir crimes, have ranked witn
tIMvulgar as hereol. Tae Roman government. UD-
able so cope rlth4them, has, after they hid glutted
(qhnlses with plunder, pardoned sad pensioned
yl So keep the peace.
tqe te man- oidsl wu Gasparoue, who began
hbi useerby ailhs(bis eonleasr for refusing to
aheowe ala for a robierv. Yet so scpulous was
helmIBhe performance of those religious ritestthat
ignorant Rouamasnbaat'utea for spiritual worship,
fta he-a)dnred witb -C ceaat'ry people a reputa.
tim for sBhattty; particularly for his devotion to
Stit Anthon. anhli cueful abstinence from mur.
desn en Sundays ad Cnuech festivals.
.55051*, Gobettino by name, killed, during hlis
ocme-. with his own hand, nine hundred and sirty-
fmnarulue nad six infants; regretting only on his
death-beg that he Bsad not been able to make up tah
numbertoathouiatd. aronza Albagua massacred
hlIsutibe'mily, Including his father. mother, two
bmotbes, and sister. Amen and England may
coutalnorlm nals capable of rivalling these exploits;
but ltis certain thattc e opportunity lever wiald be
allowed them. It IB rare m either country that a
vllain getl beyond his flrt great trime.
BLAOgWOOD'S EDtiNssRO MAQOzLtg--MesitCsrc
~nmoi-IlooABD, SCotP & Co-Tfae Jannary
number otOld Eiaoy coma dowa heavily upon the
Aberdeen miia-y. After exposing their shorteom-
legs, thefr incapaciy, and their obstinate disregard
of publlo feeling, the writer of the artIcle to which
we rear conelndes by expressing his opinion that
one of the iMonaiu at would he moat onado',ve to


the nceemfuil conduct of the war would be the ig
nominIOuadiamlmMl of a large solion of her Majes
ty', present ministry. The story of "The Cam-
paign in the Crimea" is continued in the present
sumberv Itlftther mrosi, and laeks the ktilfty
which we i10o' for nla a narrative of such atiring
events s tiome of which the old Chersonesan penin-
mda is now the theatre. The letters of the sm&
pe ondent are Infinitely more- graphic, pelo.
taresque,;ad ind teoIlng than this mole elabhraely
prepaed chroicle of incidents which are already
getting ials. Even IIna military point of view, al.
hough ifiltten by a military mn, it seem to us to
have little aue, u almost all the points It mAkes
have been made before; and that, too, by non-p0ofea-
sloual writers. The review of M. Lavergue's
'Baal Ecoooay E8gland, Sootltand, nd I4I-


land" Is ably written, and contains many suggee-
tinos that may be found usefal to our own flames.
The critleal article on Thackeray's merit as a no
velit will also be found iatorasting. The following
extact sums up the writer'd con Alulons with eo.
guard to him :--
Mr. Thackeray tno poet; for one of the highseit
of the poet's vocations, sad perhp4D the noblest
wctk ofabloh genius I capable, is o embody the
purest ideal soul in the most ifLelike human gar.
ments; and thisis an effort which our anthir has
not let attempted. Perhaps the title which Mr.
Thackeray would rather choose for himself would bs
that of an historian of human nature. In h's sphere
he is so eminently. Human nature in its company
dress, with all Its foibles on, Is sihet subject he do.
lights to tieat of, hbt Mr, Tnackeray Is not great ia
home scenes, where the conventional dress i oWf
and the godi that is in a man expands under toe
cheerful glow of the domestic f8e. Mr. Thackeray
does not drape his hero In the purple, or mahe pio.
ture B of him as be walks loftily among suffbdring
men; but takes him to pieces with wiclced mirth,
calling upon all men to laugh with him at t3e ido's
damoition. We are no advocates for idol or hero
worship; but when we remember that there was
once in sbis world a Man who was at once divine
and human, whom we are all encouraged to make
our example, and following whose wonderful foot-
steps some have attained to a life grander then that
or common humanity, we feel that the highest ideal
of the poets Itbut a fit at d seemly ackao iiedgment
of the excellence which has been made possible to
our favored race; and that the circle of life and
menters is not complete till we have admitted into
it the loftiesat as well as the lowest example of ha.
man existence-the saint no less than tse sinner.

An Asnti-Slavery Lecture In Boston.
GOVEtRNOB OABFDNBR, HON. HENRY WILSON A.N AN-
SON BURLIIGKAMBE-O-ENERAL WILSON STILL AN
ABOLITIONIST.
[From the Boston Telegraph, Feb. 8.]
Thetenth of the series of Anti-Slavery lectures
at Tremont Temple was given last evening by ogn.
AnsonBurlngame. The ball was well killed. Gov.
Gaudner, Lienlt. Governor Brown, Hon. Robart Ran.
toul, Hon. Henry Wllson, and other distinguisned
gentlemen were on toe platform.
Before introducing Mr. Burlingame, Dr. Howe
stated that a letter had been received from Hot. N.
P. Banks, in which he announced his insbllity to
deliver any lectutnieI the anti-slavery course. on
account of the necessity for his presence at Washing.
ton during the oomiag week. In his place Fred-
erick Douglass has been engaged for next week.
Mr. Burlingamne was received with hearty ap-
plause. He commenced by saying that nla speaking
sor freedom Ise should not be hole nt the selection
of terms by which to characterize slavery. Slavery
had betrayed us, and the time had come for an out-
raged people to express their sentiments in lan-
guage not ti be misunderstood. Mr. B. ascribed
the origin of slavery ta Pope Martin V, whon issued
a: bll eanctionindg African slavery. It was also
sanctioned by several of hid saaoeeisura. it was
brought to this country under the cr0os, and
in the garb of humanity, but It near was
sanctioned here by poibive law. He thea
asked wLat is slavery? IQ the lnguaie
of Wesley he would answer, "' Tan sum of all vd-
lanies." The finesse of this description wae then
shown by a reference to facts. -Our fathers hated
it, and hoped It would soon die away. But Colten
gave it a pe< uniary power, ano the lave lepresen-
tallon a political power, which has eintriled the
whole country, and prevented Ilie advanement.
Bat for its infla-nsce, this nation of tenty.flve
millions wunuld have been forty miilots. The
I icapeilty of the North was contrasted with the
nov rt.y of the Sunb. the idea of locoe bting used
by the South to extend slavery was ridiculed. Tae
pcwer of the South Is a political one, and with that
ate hassml :en cur commerce, our manufac ures,
and every interest o freedom. The very auLlion-.
tion butaes worn by the doauth Carollnians in 1832
were made in Comrectiout, and their cannon came
from Woonsooket, and were cast oil' guns at that.
He alluded to the mobbing of Judge BHtar in Cariea-
ton, and toe neglec; of me government to prj ;ect him
ar d the cause he zeprcented, whIle to enforce anu
unit us law in this city, a cannon manned by alias
was planted in Court square, while oar owa brokers
were called on. by illegal orders to be a body guard
to them. Some, noe said, censured the sa Idlers inu
ihat cocaslon, but the cesoeures sec old rather fall on
those ho issued the illegal orders. On the bhiet
magistrate they nad already fallen like a thunder-
bolt. In this counoe tin Dr. Adams was spoken of
as being disloyal to every Northern senutim'n'. The
nleals by which slavery has secured the control of
the gaearal government were then spoken of. The
men of the boutLb axe men of one idea. They mike
pilitliia tneir tudy, while at North the reveres me
true. As a lemedy for all thIbis, we most study
politics. He could not agree with Wendell Puilips
in his plan of d0-EolvIng the Union, nor with Riluh
Waldo Emerson in his prop:mation to purchase tae
slaves, as a remedy for slavery. If asked to stats
specifically &hat be would do, he would aoasrer-
l1st, zeLeal the Nebraska bill; 2d, repeal the taiitiva
slave law; 3d, abolih slavery in the district of
Columbia; 4, abolish the inter-State slave trade;
nuXt he would decoare that slaverv should aot spread
to one inch ofzne territory of' thie Unioo; he wutd
tien put the government actually and perpetually on
the side or irefdom,-bhy which he meant tat a
bright eyed boy in Miaachusetts should have asgood
a chance for promotion in tne navy as a boy o olo of
th flbt families in Virginia. He would nasve our
foreign coasnul take sido with the noble Kossath
end against the papal butcher Bedini. He would
have judges who believe in a bigger law, and in
anti slavery constitution, an anti-slavery Bible and
an anti-slavery Godl Having thus denationallzed
slavery, he would Lot menasCe it in te StBat,s where
it exist, but would say to tLe States, it is your local
intmlitution; hug it to lour bosoams until it destroys
you. Bot he would say you must let our freedom
alone. (Applause.) 1. you but touch the hem of
the garment of freedom we will trample you to the
earth. (Loud applause.) Talns is the oniy position
or repose, and It must come to this. H-i j&a en.
cour.ged by the recent elections in the North, and
he dtfcnded the "new movement," which he said
was born of Puritan blood, ani was against despit-
Iem of all kinds. This LOew tar:y should be judged,
like others, by Its fruits. It hadelenedachampion
ct freedom to the United States Senate for four
3eats, to fill the place of a man who was alse to
freedom and not true to slavery. For himseff he
could say that o long s life dwelt In his bosom, so
long would he fight for liberty and against slavery.
In conclusion, he expressed the hope that soan tie
time might come when the sun should not rise 0n a
maser nor set on a slave.
After Mr. Burlingame had taken his seat there
were lond' and continued cils for Wusos," i%
answer to which HOD. HENRY WILSON spoke as fol-
lows :- i
Mr. Chairman and Ladles and Gentlemen-This
is ltt the time ncr the place for mi to urter a worl.
You I ave listened to int eloquence of my young
friend, aLd here to-night I endorse every Sentimset
r~e baa uttered. In public or in ilrivate life, In ma.
aooitres or in minoriiles, at home or abroad, [ intend
to live and to die with nrielentinu hostility to
slavery on my lips. I make no compromises any
here, at home ,r abroad; I shaU yield nothing of
my antilslavery srntimenta to advance my own per-
sonal incerests, to bdvance party Interest, or tp meet
tbe demands of any State or section ot our country.
I hope to be able so maintain on all occasions tuese
principles, to comoreheud is my affections ths
whole country and the people of the whole country
. -sad w> en I sav tue whole country, [ want every-
body to uaoerstand that I include in that term Mas.
eaconertis and the North. T us Is not tIn time for
me to detain you. You bays called on me most unex-
p-etedly, 5o say word. anc, havens done so, I will
retire, thinking you for ibe honor of this occasion.
There were here loud cries of" Gardner," Gird-
ner;" upon which ais Excellency GuveraorGABnisa
btepped forward amidst loud cheers, and said:
Mr. President, Ladies and Geutlemen-Raaslly this
is not within my sphere as ExecutIve of Masscha-
suits. in looktegover my duties I nave failed to dis-
cover the line uhJoh required that I should stand up
beoe and address this audience; and had I known,
Nr. President, tict I waste be referred to eq I have
been to-night by the eloquent lecturer, modesty
would have prevented my occupying a .set on this
platform. You will also please attribute to my
modesty my declsinig to say anything tn-night.
Thete were then l-nd calls for Swift,"' but the
meeting was pronounced adjourned, and the anui-
tnee retired.


TMU STos 2N HALIFAXZ-VESSELS WIIEOKED.-
H .UtAX, Jan. JO.-A violani gale o1 wind, accompanied
with enoW and rain. raged yesterday. The tide, forced
into the harbtur by le gale, rose higher than for many
years list. A great many cellars on Water and Hollis
stirets, wer: overflowed and much valuable property des-
troyedi. A lew of the vesels at the wharve sntuffered,
one or two *mall craft %ere tunk. Many of the wharves
als neutalned conalderab'e damage. Royal mail stem.
ship Asia, which arrived early In tne morning from Boa.
Lon receirvea slight injury to her boats and did BOl leave
for ngland until this evening. Before proceeding her
upper spars were honed, and the ship was made all
anug'lu contend with the heavy sea outside. The
achoonmr Rambler, belonging to Fortune Bay, Newfound-
land, which auJed last week for Boston, with a cargo of
herring. waslust in the gale of Friday night at Liver -
pool-when all on board, consisting of ten persons,
perlihed. It Is seid that ibe vessel was knocked to pieces
against the wharves in Llverocol harbor-sod tkat
portion of her cargo were actually floating about the
sdiretes. Four bodies were washed aashoie. A new
bark, the Wave, belonging to S. Freeman, Eaq ,of Mil-
ton, was driven upon the bar, and went to pieces. Craw
saved. A bark owned by E. Barsd ws also lost at the
same place. The creow were b red by means of ropes
from the shore. The brig Delegate, Irom tie West In.
dies, Is also a total wreck In LiTverpuol harbor. Other
wseoakes near Liverpool are apokes of, but particulars
bale not jet been cowimnin~l;>td.


Assembly.
AlsAacr, Feb. 3, 1835.
111taM IXTYROVIV081.
TO incorporate the New York and Brooklyn Ice Coan
pany. -
Several private bills were introduced.
RpoaRTS,
Mr. Dixor reported in favor of printing extra copies
of the bill providing against unsafe bu dilngs in New
York.
Mr. MAOUIE-To amend the act relative to jurors in
New York.
TB S uTSO)D STATIS B NATORsWP.
The resolution of Mr. Petty was announced as the spe-
dcial order of the day, and
Mr. IcS&ERSON aining the floor at the adjournment
yesterday, re-,umed his remarks, saying with regard to
the foreign vote he knew it had become poten'. In polltiop
-that it had been, :n fact the balan.:e o0 power. But
he was satibfled to which party it had attached itself.
The specious name of democracy had attracted it. Muoh
hat been said about oaths. In his opinion, the moment
the constitutional oath of members was subscribed to
here all other oaths were banished. Thenre was a talis-
manic power in the constitutional cath which cast off
all other shackles, and he stood here to honor the man
who respected his official oath. so highly as to thro*
aside all partizan oaths Mr. R. said he once leaned to-
ward silver grayisanm, o called, but when he came to
see the position that section was taking with regard
to the great question of slavery, he abandoned it.
and took hila place with Connecticut, Massashunsetts, and
the whole North. lie believed that Wnm. H Seward was
the only true man to whom the State of New York could
look with full conftdencoeflr a trae representation of Its
sentiments in the national councils. Ho did not desire
the return of Mr. Seward because lbe was a whig, but be-
causeliehid been tried and founi Lrtue to the cause of
freedom. This was the reason heI was willing to vote for
him. If Mr, Soward occupied a contrary position on this
question, and a democrat was presented here occupying
the ground Mr. Seward occupies, he (Mr. R.) would vote
for him wLithouI| hesilauon, so great and so moimeatous
did he consider this question of freedom, and the nesces-
slity for a true representative. Mr .R. then. in relforence
to the humanity of Mr Seward, cited his interest In the
case of the colored man Win. Freeman, and tae Virginia
case. The conduct of Mr. S. in these cases stood out
boldly, and proclaimed loudly his great humanity. Mr. R.
aso denied, so far as he was himself concerned, that
there was any bargain and sale with regard to the two
questions of the Senatorship and the Maine law; and
he did not believe that there was any arrangement
of the kind between any other members. If there
was, the members engaged in it should be expelled from
the House. It was not only perjury, but it was treason.
It had been stated, too, that iuiSnuseas-hadbeen oirgught
tobear. lNo approaches-had b-.eu mulA 1f the kind TO
him, and-he believed if there had hee lto any one else
they would habr ben hurled ta.:k WItLi corn. But there
hbd been influences bhnught ho beir up..a meosiberi to
vole against William H. SeurJ. Hn himself had re-
celred instructions to vota so, bt lie preferred to with-
draw himself ficm the organization which instructed
him.
Mr. WTGsTr-WrWu you ut r"Ia.l oat-esxpelled
Mr l0oKimsnii- ITitbdtew. (Hisses among members
and in the lobb es.)
The CAItR-I trudt that no suchi dieminqlrations will
be indulged In by members of the House. It is unusual
to treat members addressing the House in such a man-
ner; and If by persons in the lobbies, the Chair would
deem it his duty to order them to be cleared.
Mr.FrBIOEzsON proceeded, saying that hejoined the or-
gan zatlon without knowing it* principles, and as soon
as he learned them, finding them contrary to his own,
he withdrew.
Mr L.]oorose to a question of privilege, and read
some -ettere from American aisciattons, directing
"BrotherC. 0. Leigh" to vote against Win. H. Seward
for U. S. senator
Mr. BiOADns asked if the signatures were attested.
Mr. LiHeR said they were attested, referring to the
seals they containedi, which seals were a disgrare to the
names of "Haicook," the "American rlag," e.; whlucb
names they bore.
Mr. PETr rose to a point of order. This was no queS-
tion of privilege. This Legislature instructed its repro-
sontatifve, and so do the constituents of members
here.
Mr. 1-oan procededd, claiming thtt he was el here to
isprement men meeting in secret ctnnularn, at mi-night,
lo dictate to members of thbis House. Be the ladto-
pendent representative of 60,000 freemen here, and not
these secret men, whom he would not call Amoricans,
but rather traitore. Mr. L. admitted beh'had done dis-
honorable act In jalning this order, and the only way ho
knew of getting rid of the dishonor, was by declaring ab-
solution from it. Mr. L proposed to read his reply to
the instructions he bad received.
Mr. RKOADn8 objected.. '
Mr. BOyrTON moved that consent be given by the
House. '
Mr. MAcasE hoped Mr. would be allowed to readhis
reply, for, said Mr. the work goes bravely on.
the motion of Mr. Boyntuon wa carr.ed, and Mr. 1.
read his-reply, which stated that he had mistaken their
principles, and therefore would withdraw from the
order. .
Mr. PaFrY inquired of the gentleman why he had not
withdrawn before election, as other members had.
U. GATm followed, saying that this debate had taken
a wide range, and then proceeded to discuss the manner
of administering the naturallatlon laws, lin which he
saw great abuses, and much which needed reform. He
had not been carried away with the prevadiing Amern.
canismt or Know Nothlngism. Be branded, as untrue,
the assertions that there was an Inteniion to Interfere
with religious creeds. With regard to our Representa-
tlvo in the United States Senate, he wanted a man there
who was entirely American in sentiment. And toe man
must occupy a position, with regard to slavery,
entirely similar to that occupied by Mr. detward.
But while he approved Mr. Seward's views-ou the
slavery question, and had nothing against his opinions
on the school question and admire.I hie eoularged phi-
lanthropy, yet he did not represent his (ilr. O.'sp views
onu oaoher very important qusstlon, and that was
with regard to the naturallatlon oa[ foreigners. He be-
lieved Mr. Seward to be an honest man, and acceptable
in every respect except the one he had stated. Were
he right on that point, no other man on God's earth
would sooner obtain his vote.
Mr. MAT rose and stated that he had been sent here as
an independent whig, and he Intended to exercise that
Independence wlthont regard to dictation from home.
He had, however just received a letter from an order in
a town in his district directing him to vote against Win.
H. reward. Ihe letter said the order controlled the
vote at the town. He would say that this town did all
in Its power to defeat him, and yet this order seeks to
dictate to him. Mr. M. said he would suffer no dictation
from the source whence emanated this-nor from any
other. He gWa an lndel.endent Seward wh'g, and as


AFFAIRS AT THE STATE CAPITAL,


Gouncilman Dunlavps Case Settled.


EXCITING POLITICAL DEBATE IN THE ASSEMBLY.

WHOLESALE CH &ROE8 F PERJURY,
&s0., ce'.Sse &o


NEW YOBK LHGISL&TURE.

Senate.
ALBANr, Feb. 5S.1855.
REPORT PRESENT DO
A favorable report was made by Mr. 'SPENOIa on the
bill to protect witnesses from imprisonment.
BUILS PASeRD. *
To amend the charter of the Camden Bank.
To amend the act for the prevention *r gambling
houses.
To authorize leases of mining lands InSt. Lawrence
county.
To amend the charter of the Panama Railway.
The last bill, after debate, was recommitted to Committee
of the Whole House. :
OOUXlOIcr TOM tDUNLAP'S IGHT TO B A COMMRH ONZOn
'OP XIIRATION.
Mr. WmTras called up his resolution of inquiry as to
the right of Mr. Dunlap acting as a Commissioner of IEmi-
gration.
Mr. BARR wanted to know on what the Senator
based his resolution, whether Mr. Dunlap really acted as
a Commissioner.
Mr. WzrunY got his information fremithe report of the
Commissioners, wherein he found Mr. Dunlap's name.
Mr. BARR thought the resolution would do no harm,
though he could see no necessity for it. The Governor,
(Mr. Seymour,) had something of the Jackson stamp
about him, and although the Senate rejected the nomi-
nation of Mr. Duonlap, h emay have assumed the respon-
etbility of re-appoknting Kr. D., and he believed the Gov-
ernor had a right to do so. Jackson had done so in the
case of Mr. Guinn, of Missslasippi.
Mr. DlIOxmsoN would like to have the resolution laid
on the table for the present, in order that he might give
It further consideration. Gen. Washington had re-
appointed a man whom the Senate had rejeted.
Mr. Wnrnty alluded to Mr Blunt's removal from the
office of Commissioner, and that a resolution laudatory
of that gentleman's services had been expunged from the
report of the Commissioners. Mr.W. sd that Governor
Seymour had said to him last winter-"Ifyou reject Mr.
Dunlap, I will remove Mr. Bluut."
Mr. tARn said the reason the resolution was exounged,
as explained to him,was that it was lauding a member
of their own body, which, ou second thought, had ap-
peared to the Board injuciciocs. So far as the serrioes
of Mr. Blunt were concerned, be could not see why they
should be praised, and nothing said of the services of
the other members of the Board. The expunged resolu-.
tion said that the gentleman had erected monuments of
his valuable services on the island, or someiiing to that
effect Now, all lie knew of those monuments were that
he had erected a couple of hen-coops on the Island, per-
haps for the Shangbaes.
Mr. SPCER felt compelled to repel the allusions of lthe
Senator from the Third towards Mr. Blunt. That gentle-
man had been a most faithful officer, and was consider
ed by all as one of the most valuable members of the
Commission, while he acted. Th;s fact was always ac-
knowledged by his democratic colleagues.
SMr. Wmr'rOr then read the vote by which the com-
mendation of Mr. Blunt's services were expunged:
Ayes-Corrigan, Dunlap, Kelley and Purdy. Noes-
Verplanck. Mayor, Wood and Whitauens.
The resolution was then laid on the table.
THE LEMHUN SLAVS CASH.
The resolution relative to the Lsmmon slave case was
ne.:t called up, and
Mr. BmBno took the floor In advocacy of its adoption.
Adjourned.


SCoroner's Inquest.
KIHmuD BY FALLING THROUGH A HATcuwAY.-Coroner
Gamble held an inquest yesterday, at the NewYork hos-
pital, unon the body of James Conway, a native of Ire-
land, who came to his death from injuries received by
nccldesntally Wlling down the hatchway of the store No.
dj Wlilalm street, on the 2d Inst. It appears from the
evidence taken on the inquest, that be deceased was
employed in the store of Mr. Loomis, at the above No..
end was engaged to hoist some goods from tho first to
Ibe fourth deor. The deceased had hoisted up six box-
es, when heb sat down to rest near the edge of the open
hslahway. He had not been there more than a few
minutes, when. being seized with a fit. be fell, with his
head leaning over the edge of the hatchway. The other
woi kmen in the store, seeing the condition of the de-
ceased, ran to his assistance; but, before they could
catch hold of him, he fell to the first floor, a distance of
cover forty feet, and on being picked up was found in an
insensible condition, and he was conveyed to the hospi.
tal, where he died soon after his admittance. The de.
, ceased was about forty years of age, and was at uone
Stime0 a sqlie; the Vattn l 7 teS army.


such would rote for the return of Mr. Seward to the
JUnlted Stlates benale
Mr. BAKER took the floor, and after poInting out the
Jesuitism ot the order of Kno r Nothings, produced what
he called the oath of the order, saying, If any member
here knew It to be a forgery, and would rise in hid place
and pronounce it such, be would yield the point. Mr. B.
read the oath. Intrsperaing the reading with sriticisms.
Mr. B. calleli upon the leaders of teas Know NothLbinfs to
say whether this was not the oath got uoi by a lot of
iotten politicians for the promotion ot themselves
Mr WiATHeOR inquilrod lif that was the oath of the
Seward Know Nothings.
Mr. Bium-I believe It Is the oath of the Hindoo Know
1, othinge.
Mr., WARnSUR--I only wanted to know which it was.
Mr. BARER proceeded with his criticism of the oath,
charaoctsrising the order as a detestable band of traitors,
He called upon these men to name their candidate.
Mr. LAMPORT-Mr. Speaker, I will name my candidate.
The CEam-Tha gentleman o not in order.
Mr. BAs-I-I had not the slightest idea of referring to
the gentleman from Ontario (Mr. Lamport.) The gentle-
man magnifes himself with proportions I had not
thought of. (Laughter.) I can only compare him to
the man who wanted to say four big words: "The
Mammoth Cave I GeneralJacsson! Daniel Ulmannl Fire
and Thunder I" (Renewed laughter.) Mr. B. went on
with his criticism of the principles of the order. He
asked if there had not been a meeting of the Council in
New York city, about election time, at which a resolu-
tion was passed giving the power to construe the oaths
to the higher officers. It was this high-handedastwhich
drew down upon the order thbioughout the State an over.
whelming contempt.
Mr. ltincisoN here rose to a question of privilege, and
read letter from a Council of which he (Mr. R.) had
been a member and from which he had asked. a card of
withdrawal. The letter states that he would not be al-
lowed to withdraw, but that he would be expelled; and
besides that, bhe would be burnt in effigy. It also sailt it
was intimated that be (Mr. B.) had been bought with
money. Mr. It. sald it was not necessary for him to
deny anything in this letter. A man who would write
such a letter to another, Mr. R. thought was unworthy
so much attention. But he would here say that he
would discharge his duty without regard to any con-
sideration-pecuniary or otherwise.
Mr. Lione moved that this question be made the spe-
cial orderlor Monday morning.
Mr. AiTKRN moved to substitute the Temperance bill,
but withdrew, and Mr. Leigh's motion wa carried.
Tbh House was then adjourned before Mr. Baker had
concluded.
German Soctuelallsm In Rlentmond.
[trom the Richmond Examiner, Feb. 2.]
Sc Seme time during the summer and hot and exciting
* canvaRS of 1852, a newspaper of Baltimore, printed
in the German language, which we believe has long
since f4ickered out, poolished the constitution and
platlsrn of a freshly arrived and very verdant set
of Geftans in Richmond, who had organized them
selves Into an association with a higa sounding and
plilosophcal name, which we forget. The poor
devils bad evidently come over to America with the
red republican aotlon that freedom meant license,
and that they had only to dub the most abominable
infidelity and iioendiariem with the name Reform,
to be entitled in this "free country" to agitate and
organize for carrying it into execution. The fact
that they published Rl hmond, in the metropolis
of the oldest and largest slaveholding State of the
Union, such "demands" as the following. salows the
exceedingly stupid ignorance and imbecility of the
parties demandant:
REFORM IN THE LAWS OF THE GENERAL GOVER-
MINT, AS WELL AS IN THOSE OF THE STATES.
We dematod: 1. L'niversal suffrage. 2. The election of
all officers by the people. 3. The abolition of the Presi-
dency. 4. The abolition of Senates, so that the Legisla-
tures hall consist of only one branch. 5. The right of
the people to call their representatives (cashier them)
at their pleasure. 6. The right of the people to change
the constitution when they like. 7. All lawsuits to be
conducted without expense. 8. A department of the
government to be set up for the purpose of protecting
Immigration. 9. A reduced term for acquiring citizen-
ship.
BREOBRM IN THU FOREIGN EMLAtIONS OF THE GOVERN-
MENT.
1. Abolition of all neutrality. 2. Intervention in
favor of every people struggling for liberty.
EFOBRM IN WXAT RELATES TO RELIGIONS.
,1. A mote perfect development of the principles of
personal freedom and liberty of conscience; coniequent-
ly, a. Abolition of laws for the observance of the Sab-
bath; h. Aboliton of prayers in.Congress; o. Abolition
of cath upon tho'Bibl,e d. Repeal of ail laws enacting a
religious test before taking an office. 2. Taxation of
church property. 3. A prohibition of incorporation of
all church property in the name o t ecclesiastics.
RBFORM IN THE SOCIAL CONDITION.
1. Abolition of land monopoly. 2. Ad valorem taxa-
tion of property. 3. Amelioration of the condition of
the working class; a. By lessening the time of work to
eight hours for grown parons, and to five hours for
children; 6. By incorporation of mechanics' associa-
tionu and protective sociesies: c. By granting a prefer-
enc to meebanlaes before all other creditors; S. By es-
tablishing an asylum for superannuated mechanics with-
out means, at the public expense, 4. Education of poor
children by the State. 6. Taking possession of the rail-
roads b the State. 6. The promotion of education; a.
By the introduction of free schools, with the power of
enforcing the parents to send their children to school,
and prohibition of all clerical influence; b. By instruct-
ing in the German language; c. By establishing a Ger-
man University. 7. the supporting of the slave emanci-
pation exertions of Casius M. Clay by congressional
jaws 8. Abolition of the Christian system of punieh-
ment, and introduction of the human amelioration sys-
tam. 9. Abolition of capital punishment.
Whes these monstrous dogmas were first brought
to light, the public were in lined to break out in a
great rane with the Germans, and to take summary
steps witn the incendiaries. The whig press, par-
ticularlly, were inclined to he savage. Bat it so
happened that about that time Gen. doScott had ex-
pr r ed himself in very kind terms about the ster.
Bmg wotlt add peculiar.lingual ascent of these very
people, and the matter was not pressed by the Scott
party. As these people called themselves demo-
crats,e and seemed to be it finite radical democrats of
a very een dye, Ithe Pire party said little In con-
demnatlion just at t- at time, and so the matter blew
over. The German paper died out, we understand,
and the GermailanAssociation dissolved-into its
oripial elements.-.
We cO not think the liberties a Virginia in much
danger fromthe German Radical Reform Association
of 1852. As we have heard nothing about the 'lub
sice, and as the communityy has experienced no
pad disaster from its madcap machinations, it is fair
to presume that it has uone the way of all flesh and
folly, aid died for the want of breath. Toe plea of
the statute of limltations ought to lie against all ab-
surdities two years dead, and we are sure tie jadg-
merit of public opinion will sustain the plea iu the
case of such pitiable Infatuation and pop-raok ir fa-
Bailcism as t.at ol the followersa o Dr. Steinmetz.
If the assooiatiou were still alive, It would be far
more apt to become the permanent and fast ally of
tbe Know Nothing order than of conservative Vir-
ginis democracy, however it might v ,te Sor a while.
It is irfiol and fanatical,and as bitterly opposed to
taid insiUtllutiois and bulwarks of conseivatlam of all
saoits as to the Cattolic church. We believe the re-
publican Slate rights democracy of this Union, and
oftbis Scate, to be conservative infts d in ct ute, In
fact aLd in theory, in poupose and in practice; and
theoefoyeto be Its exact antipode. Tt is thoroughly
and bitterly opposed to radicalism and Infidelity,
and cannot affiliate with them in any form or under
arycircumstances. The tenets of the German asu.
soclillon ofRIbchmond, that was, can never fid tila-
'vor with the republican democracy ei Virginia.
Every attempt to engraft radicalism In any form
upon 'be national, State rHghts, republican demo-
cracy, founded upon the Virginia creed, has failed,
The great Brownaon, while he was a radical pollti-
clan, and a co edit'rof the Democratic Review, at-
tempted it, failed, and left the Reviet. O'Scl'lvan,
his colleague, only a little less radical than Brown-
ton at the time, carried on the Roeto a vhile, con-
sideiably infe ted the democracy with his doctrines,
until they broke out in Dorrlam, and himself, Dually,
had to leave the Rnisu,', and to permit the peculiar
principles of Virginia zepubllconiem to nationalize
tljtmselves and become the platform of republican
democracy for the whole Un[on, and we trust for all
time.
hn ilMe fo]cwlag communicatio to the yesterday'd
Enoqnitr, a German citizen denies the existence of
this Ge'rman association, In these terma :-
A social democratic club with such a platform does not
exist in the city of Richmond, except In the lively ima-
gluaelon of the Itluig. It is true, indeed, that about four
esra ego a cI tain Dr. S. came from Cincinnati, (a city
which o'ten sun.'e, fully vies w'th other large cities of
of the North In the invention of isms,) to preach in
Eichmolid the doctrines contained in that basis; but it is
eilUty tlas true that his mission, thanks to the scuna
sense of our German population, proved to be an entire
failure, and that he left Richmonti in disgust and des-
pair at the little success of his labors.
The Whif, if It had chosen, might have known that
very weil, as at that time it published, at the instance
of several Germans, who were indignant at these new
fsngled doctrines, a correct translation of that very plat-
form, which now. so lale, and without any provocation,
erouoes its just indignation.
We do not know btt that there are now one or two of
that emissary's disciples still lingerinag in this city; but
to hold the entire German population 0l the city respon-
sible fot.hiem, is not fair or just.
A GERMAN CITIEN.


Bark Grand Turk, Johnion, Cienfuegoe, C & K J Peters.
Bark Tangier, Sweeter, Valenoisa,Walsh, Carver &'Chase.
Bark N CBuelbaoan Dupoher, Galveston, D C Mlrray.
Bark A Imeda, Williams, Apalachslcola, Eagle Af BaWL
Bark W H Bredie, Creary, Key Weat, Benner tDimke.
Bak Reosana. Cooper, Key West, Besnnaser A k.
Brig Oaford, Moulton, onaives, Russell & Vining.
Brig Dolphin, Hatch, St Jaeo. M M Freman & AC C
Brig Peru (Br), Farrlongton, St John, NB, P INOeitu A
SCohr MM Fresmas, Glover, St Jphns, PP M K Fgeemna
Co.
SebrMinasShiter, Wilson, Motile. Eagle A Hazard.
Sebr Hr aallt Sith, Richmond, C H Pliero .
Bohr Mott Bedell, 'redwel, Nortolk, Mott Bedell.
Sehr Suan., Lorin, Boston. S W Lewis.
Schr Mry Mankin Beer. BostonDayton & Spiague.
SBohr Srahl Eisabeh, Smith, New aves, master.
Bohr J M Warren Chipman, NewHaven, master.
Sloop Sarah, Premoy, Taunton, master.
Sloop Annawan, Brigg. Bristol, master.
SlopE Sprague Flih, ProvldenceM. master.
Steamer IRver Bird(n1w, Paul Canten AA Low & Bros.
Steamer Totten, Lewis, Ialtimre, Cromwell's line.
ARRIVED.
Steamship Union, Adams, Havre, Jan 17, and Cowe 18th,
at 11 AM, with mode oand nAongers, to M Livingston. Jan
22, at noon, lt 471L, Ion U140, t0ehangtd signals with ship
Ontario, bound East.
Steamiehin Florida, Woodhull. Savannah, 60 hours, with
mde and pasengers to 8 Mitohill. Jan 31, in eomiag out.
pst* iA A w. PT 4> 1? l tst4l 9( A ga Ptt19a; q0 1, Ma


Personal Intelligence.
ARBRIVALS.
At the Prescott Boudo-UlouI R E Packer. Ohio. w E
Cornwall and led). Boston; B W Mason, E.q, at l>.1,
PIlladelphiio. S 'Cor, E.-I Cleviland, R I1. AleI, El, l.
vannah:-_u K Dnnbhawi. Florida; John Hl Keleham. DotIheS
county: in S KetRohamO and led, Dutoheu ount0 .W
Frm Savannah. in steamship Fiorinda-John A'oz. Wo K
Cohn. B T Chandler. Miss I. lU Oags, W .ion.ill, E H Hoal.
listar. C R Hayward. KaulmILn. T MaCollough. J Biss.
torso, Mli0 lixcn, Wnm PFnhon, J 0 Rodgers, A Runge,
H WiaIbel, ssor A York-Il in the steerage.
From Cbarleton, In sestmaUhlp Marion-O P Coleman, G
McKee, J B Browne, J H Pratt. J A Hall, T B Kely, Rev L
P Ardayb, MiM Ardayh, Mrs MoLalin, Master Latarus-9
in the steerage.
DEPABTUItES.
For Charleston, in the steamship Jae. Adger-Capt Small,
Rev Mr Baury, Capt Thos Trott, L Cress and lady CT Dun-
ham, Samuel ishsm, James Reed and lady, H Tl Blodgett,
Chas Mixter and lady, Wm Curtis, Mrs Joe Whitney, Mr
Lombard and lady, Miss Lombard, Mrs D Burdsley, Mrs
Lyons, I Bernstein and lady, W Lowndes, lady, infant and
2 servants;MissLowndes, Master Lowndes, Henry'Taylor,
Hist V Brown, Mr Wilson, W Hoomer, J Hatfield, Z Keats,
C Sitepson, and 47 in the steerage.
For Savannah, in the steamship Knsoxville-F A Farns-
worth, TU Davis, JosiahW Kingman, Mrs Wm S Niohols,
isses M L and Sophia Anderson and servant, Thea C Smith
and lady; Mrs E Atherten, Miss Mary Jane Knapp, Mime S A
Simmons, H F Willink. J D Johnson, Clarence Gordon,
Madame Gilhadi, John Wheeler, DD, Russell Stebbins, Jr,
Joseph Winters, John Wilson.'Miss Mayer, Fredk Ernst, C
Yale. Jr, Miss josey Mills, Mise Allen, J C Smith, R At.l-
Ien, I. DeWitt Wmin Moan, John W Perrot, A A Boetwick, A
C Tasker. J L Knapp, and 401i the steerage,.
For Norfolk, Petersburg and Richmond, in the steamship
JTimestown-Geo Sanborn, John W Douglas, Samuel K
Waller, lieut Miarxs Miss Niohols, W C NlIhols,,MlssBy.
ron. G S Robert"on, G A Townehend, Wm Starkd, R Rob-
ertas, Miss Altmir H Red, Miss M Reed. Mr Riohbender,
Henry S Little, Fredk Mprton. A J Jeroloman, A Kayduu
and dAuhter, and 19 in the steerage.

Marrlea,
On Wednesday evening, January 31, by the Roe. James
Millett, at hie residence, 308 Broome street, Mr. HXaBY
STnRsONSS, ofNantz, France, to Miss SELERA WISWELL, of
Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Died,
On Saturday, February 3, after a long and painful ill-
ness, JACO H. VARIAN, In the 44th year of his age.
I he relatives and friends of the family are invited to
attend the funeral, from his late residence, 19 Eldrldge
street, to-morrow afternoon, at three o'clock, without
further notice.
On Saturday, February 3, BOwsAT, son of John and
Catharine Johnston, aged 1 year, 2 months and 7 days.
The friends and acquaintances of the family are re-
spectfully invited to attend the funeral, to-morrow
morning, at eleven o'clock, from the residence of his
parents, 90 West Nine'eenth street. His remains will
be taken to Cypress Hills Cemetery for interment.
On Saturday, February 3, EHIA ANN, wife of Phinese
P. Lounsebprty, aged 28 years.
The relatives end friends of the family are invited to
attend the funeral, from her late residence, 168 Third
avenue, on Monday morning, at ten o'clock.
On Friday, February 2, AoGE EDOAR, youngest daugh-
ter of James H. and Elizabeth Rogers, in the lith year
of her age.
The friends of the family are respectfully invited to
attend her funeral, this afierncon, at two o'clock, from
the reaid* nee of her father, 228 West Nineteenth street.
On Saturday mo inig, February 3, at the residence of
his uncle, of consumption, JAMso H. UxDnzxwL, aged 19
years, 2 months and 12 days.
The I riende and relatives of the family are respectfully
invited to attend the funeral, to-morrow afternoon, at
two o'clock, fiom 160 Wooster street, without further
invitation.
On Friday, February 2, HANNAH BAMER, aged 68 years.
The friends and relatives of the family are respectfully
Invited to attend her funeral, from her late residence, 38
Monroe street, this afternoon, at two o'clock. Her re-
mains will be taken to Greenwood Cemetery for inter-
ment.
On Friday, February 2, Mr. BErAM FARRINGrON, In
the 5l8t year of his age.
His friends and acquaintances, also those of his brother,
Johb P. Farrington, are respectfully invited to attend his
funeral, this afternoon, at two o'clock, from the resi-
dence of his brother, 345 Cherry street. II
Suddenly, on Saturday morning, February 3, Miss ELtZA
Evios, daughter of the late John gEvers.
Her relatives and friends, and those of her brother
John Evers, are respectfully invited to attend the funeral
services, at St Thomas Church, to-morrow afternoon, at
two o'clock precisely, without further notice. Her re-
mains will be conveyed to Newtown, L. I., for interment.
Of consumption, Airoinmers L.. wife of Augustus Mo-
rence, aged 24 years and 1 month.
The relatives and friends of the family are respectfully
invited to attend her funeral, to-morrow afternoon, at
two o'clock, from her late residence. No. 29 Suffolk
street, without further invitation. Her remains will be
taken to Greenwood Cemetery for internt ent.
On Saturday, February 3, JOHN CONNER, in the 64th
year of his age.
For funeral arrangements from 25 Grand street, see
Monday's papers.
On Friday, February 2, TaOxAS BRusH, Sr., aged 63
years.
The friends and relatives of the family are respectfully
invited to attend the funeral, from his late residence, No.
43 Delancey street, to-morrow morning at ten o'clock.
His remains will be taken to Springfield Ccmetery, L. I.,
for interment.
Newark, SN. J., and Jamaica, L. I, papers please copy.
On Wednesday, January 31, DAN=IL O'Ml naA, aged
years, 2 months and 3 days
The relatives and friends of the family, the members
of Engine, Company No. 40, and the Young Men's Gene-
ral Democratic Committee of the Stuyvesant Institute,
are respectfully invited to attend the funeral, this
afternoon, at one.o'clock, from his late residence, No. 2
Centre market place, without further invitation.
On 'thursday, February 1, MARYT E. Piomsre, wife of
William C. Periinee aged 41 years and 6 months.
The friends of the family are invited to attend the fu-
neral. this morning, at half past ten o'clock, with-
out further invitation, from her late residence, No. 68
Grove street.
On Friday February 2, of inflammation of the lungs,
MARY As BslL, only child of Catharine Jane and John
Bell, aged 4 years and 11 months.
The friends of the family, and those of her uncles,
Hugh Bell, and RiBehadsun and Robert W. Flanagan, are
respectfulllyinvited to attend her funeral this after-
noon, at two o'clock from the residence of her father,
o. 26 f Mongomery street. o
San Francisco papers please copy.
In BrooLlyn, on Friday morning, February 2, SARAH,
relict of the late Abm. Degrauw, in the 83d year of her
age.
The friends of the family, and of her sons, John W.
Walter, N. and James A., are respectfully invited to at-
tend the funeral, this afternoon, at three o'clock,
from the residence of her son, Jas. A. Degrauw, No. 22
Amity street, between Clinton and Court streets, with-
Sout further invitation.
Suddenly, of disease of the heart, LAoGHar McCANr, a
native of the county Longford, Irnland, aged 68 years.
His friends and acquaintances, and those of his sons,
, John and Joseph, are respectfully invited to attend his
funeral, from his late residence, No. 156 South Third
street, Williamsburg, this afternoon, at two o'clock,
without further notice
In Brooklyn, on Thursday, February 1, JOHN H.
GonrD.t, aged 22 years, 8 months and 15 days.
The friends and acquaintances of the family are re-
spectfully invited to attend his funeral, this afternoon,
at half past twelve o'clock, frem the residence of his
mother, 162 Johnson street, Brooklyn.
In Brooklyn, on Thursday, February 1, JAMs WARD,
in the 538d year of his age.
In Broolyp, on Saturday, Januatry 27, after a long
anl painful siclness, CcikiA KmLY, widow of thi late
John Eeily, Esq., of the city of Corki, Ireland, aged 56
ears.
SAt Centreville, Staten Island, on Saturday, February
3, WALTER IONiANI, age(t 93 years, 1 month anDt 1 day.
,Funeral on Tuesday, at twelve o'clock. from hie late
residence. Centreville, Staten Island. Carriages will
meet the half past nine o'clock boat from New York, at
Fort Richmond.
Portsmouth, Va., and California papers please copy.

MMARITIME INTEL IGEH0NP
Movements of Ocean Steamers.
iAMsa. LEAVES ron nATE.
Atlantic............Liverpool.......New York .... 27
Asia.................LIverpool.......BBoton..........Feb. 3
North Carolina......Philaalphia... Liverpool.......Fb. S
George Law.........New York......Aepinwall.......Feb. 5
Black WarriorN.......Nw York...... Ba. and S.O..Feb. 6
Pasifo............. New York......lUveroool...... Feb. 7
Baltic.............. Liverpool....... New York....... Feb. 10
Union ...... ....New York......Havra...........Feb. 10
itar of the West....New York......San Juan, Ni. Feb. 13
Africa.............. Boston.........Liverpool ......Feb. ,14
City of Manohester.lverpool..,...Philadelphia-....Feb. 14
Canada..............Liverpool ......Beston..........eFb. 17
Paeit.e..... ....Liverpool ....New York.......Feb. 24
Iermnonn........ ...Southnmptoe...New York-..... Feb. 28
All pa.ltoea ancd letters intended for the NEw yonr
es LD ac r, ld he i~~f'le.J
AZMArAO WOlt NaW YORK--RmIS nay.
eOH atne...............7 071 MOON asSS.............. 7 51
SN saTe................. 2 sc w ..........10 42
Port of few York, February 3, 1855,
CLAEA.D.
Steamship Koxvilsle, Ludlow, Bavannah, 8 I. Mlthi:l.
5tesmohip James Adger, Charleston. Spofford, Tileaten &
Steamship .Jaesstown, Parrish, Norfolk, Ao, Ludlam A
Pleaoante.
Ship Arctic, Zerega, Liverpool, Zerega & Co.
Ship Wm Tapseott, Bell, Liverpool Tapsostt A Co.
Ship Paragon, Drinkwater, San Fraaoleo. Foater A Nick-
erson.
Ship Herald of the Mtrning, Baker, San Franclsco, Suatton
A Co.
Bark Rastede (Olden), Garden, Bremen, Henninge, Muller
A osling
Bark Veata, Rouster, Tarrgona, Wheelwright A Co.
Bark Cabarga (Br), Kenny, Kingston. J Ploard.
Bark Pacifio, Brewer, Havana. Stunrgea Co.
Bark ackoriana, Ryder, Cardenas, Wardwell, Knowlton A
Bark Eliza Bars (Br), Watlington, Cieafcegoe, Tucker f
Llahtteurn.


Ranger, Mason, Matans; brig echanic, Dunning. Trinidad;
schr Frcd Wording. Rus, Cardenas.
Arr Feb 1 soshr henry Alfred, Cottrell, NYork. Cld brig
portland0ulunnolls, Cardenas.
PORTISMOUTlI-ArrJan 25 (at Navy Yard. sehr Rok-
innham, Rtynes, Hichmond. SId slat, hIp Morsing Glory.
(noew. l14 tons) Pasona, NOrlansa. .
Cd FeblbrigOcesnGuldeow( of Portsmth, 2i2 tensLO .,
Grant. Portlnud to load For the West ladidels.
PROVIDENCt--Arr'Fbh i teamtr Peliean Williams. 14
York. Bld hcbrs Mary C Terbeltl. Emerson. Baltmmte; J A
SImnran, Bieh, Philadelphia; sloop Toormas Bull, Hull. N
I'BII.ADEI.PHIA-Arr Feb 1, PM. ehabr Sarah N Smith.
Smitu, -Now Bedlord; Teligiaph. RouthNew York.
Arr Feb 1. I'M l.rig Emma. Baker Boston; saMbAbby
t bhitnM flis., Savnnsintth; TlDavid haost. Lansstilr. Wti"-
mi.ten. Nu: Ei RoRely. Gurdey, Jaeksonvilla
RICUMOND-SId Jan 31 shr Mnsohebstr, Chiobster.
N Vepb
Rlit KI AV'-Anr ,l *X bark Gsi Allen. -- Frank-
fort fr t'uba. 28tl.. sebra tlutoks, Drinksater, Norfolk. In
r.-rt stin wind, ships J.-ii Cottle. IHUllUowell. and Cla.
rissa Ilirdi. Bird, for New Oilsosa; bark Gao AUeu.for Cuba;
and ot hers.
ROCK I'ORT-1ld Jan 2 saohr C I. Allen Ri.hmand.
S-ALEM-Arr J 39O sebrs a aersatosa. llodgl.,n. Riehmond.-
31st. Sarah Moore Sth.Ca I'lila.0lpULa Sld 8th.b 7 P n
iuoL'tuLtib, brie Bramean ara.
WARHtIAM-- r.rJsn30@sohr Splendid. Pilladelphia. Sid.
4.LI, Pebr J W Ni tokerso., No wYork; let ut s MiLton, a ,
rleaztdJ. Jdj.


272


h) 15 AM., 1at 33 08. Ian 7F 18. rmed soar Isaac Cohen ertc.
bound S; at ja03 PtM 10 miles N Rof Lookout Shoals, saw
steambhip Naihvsill, Iheno for ChaeHston
StLesamship Marion. Faoster. Cbhsriestlb, with mides and-
sensrs, toSpofford, Tileohon & Co. Thurstay. 8 PH. Cape
Hateras Llhit belaring N by E. erhbansee. signals with
steamhin aa% shvlue. lenre for Charleston.
S 'Ip D CWs ClImton. Donn. Lvrpoaol, Jl r & with
nodes and 15L paessensera, Is Taylor A Riah. Passeaekhea
Clear Jan 11. pa er, o Taylor Rich.
Bark Fairiee (Br), Richards, Philadelphia. 4 days. ins bar-
last, to master.
Bark Lunette (of Portlanid). York. Portlaad, withIe-
lasses, to nhtrr.
Brig U Wt Rtus.ell. Fudge. Gibraltar. 43 As. with fruit
Co to Giro. Frasnci A Co.
Sebcr T C Buntllbin. Mers, Norfolk.
i-br R C Ruhbeif. Lync, Berlin.
Sehr Delawire Townsend. Berlin.
Schr Plmoutib Rook. Lacy, Botson. i houn
Schr D W Vo'anbn. Edwaids Providene for Virinia,
Sloop America, Barton. Providence.
Sloop Dlarvest,-, Providence
BAILED.
Steamships Knoxvillte, Savanah; James Adger, Charles-
ton; Jamestown, Rilhmobnd, A&.
Wind WNW. ______
BMhmiomraa.
Pilotbioat Effot, of Boston. 0 tons. 6 years old, copper
fastened and coppered, and well found in every respect. hu
been sold to some New Bedford gentlemen for $2Wa, cash.
LavuNimc-At Chelsea 1st inst. by Mr Stetson a medium
clipper ship of upwards of 1800 tons, called the Beoeoa
l.ig ht. owned by the builder, and intended for a genara
ireighting ship. _______
T.legraphis Marine Reports,
NEW ORLEANS Feb-2-Arr bark Juniata, Philaaelphia.

Herald MarIne Correpondenee.
PHILADELPHIA, Feb 3, 4 PM-Arr tohr Hattie Anna
Douglas Port au Prince.
Cld etemshbip North Carolina, Symmee. Liverpool; kark
Ocean Eagle, -Greenman, NOrleans; brigp Jonn B Rhdls,
Matthews, Boston; hobr Julia Anna, Hardinsg, ieon.

Disasters.
'SHIP FAvonRTr-Tbe steamer B B Forbes, which left the
wreck morning of o1st, reports her full of water at high
tide, and her bottom is probably out, as the hides are work-
ing through the ship. The vessel is also-broken in the laid.
die. The steamer brought up 100 bales cotton, two anchors
and chains, some hides, and alot of oails, rbgsing, &a. About
300 bales of cotton haes teen eared an the balance oflt
will be Saved if the weather permits. The ship will be a
total losa. A live hear that was on board the Ship wae
brought isp iin the steamer.
BaRK Ar,.LLO. of NYork. ashore at Girgeonti, belongs to
Meessra Chamberlain A& Pkelps and AM Lawrence, othis
city. She was built on the Merrimac in 1841, 319 toen rsgis-
ter, and iteured in this city. ,
BAnE WeM HARaIs, sunk in collision with bark Celestia.
off Cape Cod, bad her cargo insured for 28,000 at the follow-
ing Boston office:-New England Mutual, $1d,O00; China
Mutual, $000; Tremonot, M0o.
BARK FoaRMosA-On carto of bark Formosa from Smyr
for Boston, wrecked near Mnosina, there is insurance in Bo-
ton tor $43,000, of which 20,1100 each at the Manufacturers
and Equitable offises, and 300 at the Triton.
Bi Ba;i BrLOOME, from Halifax, whichwas ashore on
Ham Head, and taken to Boston, has been taken into Dil-
lon's dock for repairs. Her rudder and part of her kIel
were knocke d off, her stern post wae started, as also her cut-
water and stem, and her upper works and rigging wore
slightly injured, t ut she was not bilged, as reported. $70
was paid to get noer off.
BRIG ZAVALLA. wre ked at Patehogne, LI. has bar cargo
insured in Boston for about $000, and tOe vessel for $M
BRIG GOne TAYLOR (of Belfast), Shuate, from Wilmington.
NC, for Bostor, with naval stores, Ac, was totally lost Ou
Cape Lookout, no date. The aoenunt is by telegraph from
Wilmington, NC. Cargo insured in Boston.*
BRIG PARTHENON. Savage, from Coatzootaloos for thin
port before reported at Havanain distress had about fin-
ished canlkine at lost accounts, and would reloes andpro-
ceed. [By letter to Ellwood Walter, Esq.]
SCa. ABBY WHITMAN which wai ashor a at LIttle Fgg
Harbor Inlet, arrived at Philadelphia2d inast in tow of steam
tug Thunderbolt. What damage she received, if any, is nob
mentioned.
SOHR E H ROWLEYi, at Philadelphia from Jacksonvile,
split sail, stove boat, and carried awray fore and mainboom.
on 26th nit. inlet 35 30. Ion 74, was struck with lightning,
which shivered the mainmast.
SCHR ROSE HALL, ashore at Cape Henlopeu, it i lies in an easier position, and about one.halfof her cargo
of corn has been landed by the wreekmasters, Meesrs Burtoan
A Lyons. v ho think that the balance will be got in a day or
two, and the vessel floated off.
A WtreK, full of water, was seen lestinst, Ras Pointro
SSW 12 miles; supposed a herm brig; fall of water. Aond two
wrecks about three miles apart, the sea making a breaoh
over them, were seen same day, Cape Cod SB 10 mites.
ScHnR CALIVORNIA. at Portland from Norfolk, in a severe
gale 25t6 ult, Montauk bearing N 30 miles, lost part of deck
toad, &c. I I
SCBr 5' Lraw, ir.m nHalilsi for Riobmond. was spoke 31t
tilt. about 11 miles W of Cape Sable MitI fao vail plt alAJ
aeoks swepi I the gale or th.
SciartOwinAt, at Wilmington, NC. from New London, on
21t nlt. experienced a heavy gale off Cape Lookout, which
caused the loss of her chains, anchors, malaboom and boat.
besides other damage.
ScHIn MAKsoG-Capt White, of this vessel, lost at Bahblia
Honda, arrived at Havana 25th nit, accompanied byr Mr
Wilson. mate, and two seamen. Thomas Powers and Thomas
Powell. The two others preiously arrived, having chipped
onboard Am vessels. Capt W stated he had saveda a goo
part of his cargo, with alight damage to some portion of it.
and all Lis sails, rigging. Ac, for which he was to return 28th
in a vessel engaged by the underwriters' agents. The vesel
will be a total loss.
Notice to MarinerS.
In relation to the rock at the entrance of Gliucester har-
bor, noticed recently by Capt 'ebber, a GI ser pilot,
the following statement is mude by Lieut Stelwagten, in the
report of the U S Coast -Survey, whioh showist was pointed
out some time back:-
Philadelphia, Nov 20,1853.
Sir-The roeek is very small in diameter, and rises very ab-
ruptly. We anchored the boat and took about a handed
soundings; the apex could just be found with a lead or pote,
and at a distance of four orfive feet the depth woubd increase
from nine and ton feet suddenly to twenty and twenty.ongae.
You will perceive that it is in the track of vsesl, whioh
enter by hudreds into the inner harbor, paio 'ty ianI the
fishing season ofi the coast. The rock I think can be easily
removed by a I last, and should be attended to soon. Thea
harbor is so good and SO impersant as to merit great eoaidte
ration. .
Only a sufficient number of soundina htave been oopiid on.
tie trsciu e to shown the general depthb. ac. I the a neighbors
hood of the rock.
Very respectfully, your obedient aervanat,
S. SiTE. L.WAGE,'.
l.il Com'ir U 5 N&V), A.A. ill Cosdi Sirvey.
ProfA D Bathe, Su.I C(oasi Sivey
The lightboat Brandywine stationed on Minot'a Ledge is
missing, and her fate I. unknown.
Whalemen.
Arr at Nantucket 1st inst. ship Alabama, Coggeshall, Ed-
gartown. .
At Lahaina Nov 16, by letter from Capt Pease, Champtois,
of Edgartown. with 800 bhis ll on board, 650 this season.
Had es ipped bone by the Sea, of and for Warren.
At Payta Oct 29, Clifford Waye, Davis. PH, I 0 ep;
Richard Mitchell Defriez, Nant. 0 do; Conatitution. Wins-
low, do 1210 do; Peru. Startuck. do M180 do, bound home.
At Tombez Oo 30, Geo & Susan, Jenks, iB, 650Sp.
Sposen-Dec 24. lat 4 S, lon 10, ship Hector, Norton, NB,
1500 bills sp; had taken 300 thbbis three weeks previlou.
6 Spoken.
Brig Alma P. from Elleworth for Matanzas, no date, on
Bahama Banks.
Schr Orlando, Biannen, from Boston for Mobile, Jau 22, o.
Bahama Banks.
Foreign Ports.
CAPsE HAYnerri-In port Jan 16 hark Eutaw, Harding,
for lBoston 15 days; brig Tarry Not, -, for New York 1O
daia.
iBKAl TABnR-ln port abt Des 21 ship Greyhound, for New
Tork, ready.
SAKTA Cauz (Cuba)-hNo Am vessel in port Jan 1i3.
Home PForts.
BATH-In port Jan 31, among others,. ship Charlotte
Reed. Liwell, for Cuba soon.
BELFAST-Arr Jan 26 schr Florina, Bridgea, NYork. Std
25th. chip Western Chief Dyer, NOrleans
BOSTON-Arr Feb'2 ship Harriet & Jessie, Smith. Savan-
nah; brigs Sarash, Gibbs. Trinioad llh ult via Holmes Hole;
Ches Beath, Harriman, Cardenas 21st nult: schr Spring
Bill, Freeman. Cape Haytien 16th unit; F C Simmons, Lorn-
bard, Tangier. Cld steamer City of Boston, Baker, Phila-
delphia; ships Minstrel, lotter, liBatavia; Winged Racer,Gor-
hsm, San Francisco; bark Rim, Taylor,- Philadelphia: brig
Lairillis, Smith. Caspe Haytieu; C H Kenedy. Corbett. Tri-
nidad; ochre Anita Damoo, Fuoller, Norfolk; Xben Herbert.
Nickerson. NYork; Joseph Turner. Myriek, do. SId steam-
er City of Boston, ship Rookall. harks Sea Bird, John Gil-
pin, Tho SE Baxter, Macon,, R H Douglas, Starlight, brio J
M Clayton, Frances Jane, Foster, schr Mary Groton. In the
Roads brie Albert Adams, for I T ilmington, NC.
RBUCKSPORT-Arr Jan 24 achr Northern Eale., Brew-
ster, Norfolk.
CAPE ISLAND. NJ, Feb 2-The pilothoat Whilden. put
a pilot on board bark Washington Butcher. flom NOrleans
for Philadelphia, early this morning. A ship is now onming
in, npposed to be the State Rights, from New York.
CHARLESTON-CId Jan 30bg Enreka, New York. S IA
barks Cherokee. Stein, New Orleans: Samoa.
FRANKFORT-Arr Jan 24 cobs Phhbe Ann, Emerson, f
York; Stateof Maine, Cummings, do; 28th, *ehr Blue Bell,
Knight, Baltimore. Sid 25th bark Geo Alien, Kaler, Hava-
na: 80th, ship Maverick, Ellis, Havana.
HOLMES' HOLE-Arr Jan3l schra S A Appleton, Taylor,
and Bay State, Sherwood, New York for Boston. Sida sohs
Linda, Woleott, Sami Cilman, Jnla Smith.
Arr Feb 1 scbre Eglantine; Parker. Santa Crui, Cuba 13tk
nit, of and for Boston; Black Squall, Rose, Aleiandria for
Boston. Sid bark Little lissio; sehrG L In port 2d, 9 AM,
backs Buckeye, Faith; brig May Queen; sehri Kossouh, S A
Appleton. B8y State. Black Squall, Eglantine.
SKWBUBtPORT-Arr Feb l brig Harriet Pratt, Poto-
mac river.
NEW BEDFORD-S-ds Feb 2 eohr Albert Stele. West,
Noertolk
NEWPORT-Are Feb 1 tehrs A Hammond. (cow), Paine,
Boston for NYork; Eastern ~ight, Leomint, do tor Tangior:
Adulian Townsend, Leeds, Fall 'River for Bappahasnook;
JW Rsumsey, Taylor, do for NYork; J A Simpson, Rich.
Providence for Philadelphia; Mary CTerbell, Emoeron. do
for Baltimore; sloop Neptune Rackeitt, Warham for NYork.
Sid 1lt sobre Lydia Gibha, Albert Field, Martha .Wrighting-
ton Tsylor Siaall. J W Niokemon, Cabot, Maine; siolps
Oregon Mfarla olsa; and all others before reported, bound
SArcSd4 bark Little Limit, GSlptrlck. Havana for h'York;
sebraeJ W Rumsey, Tavlor, Fall Rver for Phuladslphesa
White Squall, Chaos, Boston for Alexandria; Geune,
Knight, Gloucester for idYork; CS H Walton. Kinney, Pin-
vincetown fr virginia; Quicktep, Freeman, Boston for do.
CId lst brig Sheet Anchor Croeeer, Wilmington.
NEW HAVEN-Arr ieb 2 scbr L Auderaeid, Flitner,
NEd 7ONDON--Are Jan Si schr Sinale. Brows, Portlandl
for NYork: sloop "D Ipline," Albin, VIrginia.
PENSACOLA-Arr Jan n2 bark Nashua, Brtlett, ASpia-
wall.
PORTLAND-Arr Jan 1 bris Orleava. Staples, Cardeas8
13th olt, via Ilolmes' Hole; J D Bennell, Hntobhinaon. Phila-
delphia; sabre California. Hodgdon. Norfolk; hIscnteWDyer.
Barte. Baltimore; Julia Newe]], Balne, uo; Medora, Rich-
ards. NYork. Cld ship Oslippee. Merrill. Havana; bark