New-York weekly tribune

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Material Information

Title:
New-York weekly tribune
Portion of title:
New York weekly tribune
New York tribune
Alternate Title:
Weekly tribune
Physical Description:
25 v. : ill. ; 55 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872
Publisher:
Greeley & McElrath
Place of Publication:
New York N.Y.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
weekly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- New York (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York County (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
New York (State) -- New York   ( fast )
New York (State) -- New York County   ( fast )
Genre:
Newspapers   ( fast )
Newspapers.   ( fast )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- New York -- New York -- New York

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress Photoduplication Service; New York Public Library.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Sept. 18, 1841)-v. 25, no. 1282 (Apr. 7, 1866).
General Note:
"Weekly" sometimes appears within title ornament.
General Note:
Whig.
General Note:
Editor: Horace Greeley.
General Note:
Published on Saturday.
Additional Physical Form:
Publication date: 1841-1866

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 04899480
lccn - sn 83030280
issn - 1052-7389
ocm04899480
Classification:
lcc - Newspaper
System ID:
AA00020998:00001

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Preceded by:
New-Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1834)
Preceded by:
New-Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1836)
Preceded by:
Log cabin (New York, N.Y.)
Succeeded by:
New-York tribune (New York, N.Y. : 1866 : Weekly)

Full Text
1-., & t. -- '-W


T_ NEW-YOKR

WEEKLY TRIBUNE
is PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY MORNINO,
O 'S Latct DuutBisLE- Mtc ai' -,EET. making eaunt paer-
ofn columins ec!:. see ruatdSai me n' choicest mLaier nroit,.
Dull Mae' (the coreptpondCee alone costing as several
Meusazns ofdollars per annum.i Lad can hardly be elceed-
id u a AN soaper by any Weeki iln th me reoiuntry I i
afforded no mowa -no nbsetsnbe smely at V n ntitirp.
5"' fot-', &.S. er'lit for I,,". TWt'NTY COPIES FOR
1 O -- 20 ymv ni 'I al i."-s b-ia ri-.pi --d ui t AI '-, .
W'Lea e t1Ur paid for bac rTt irf '.1- paper ,eis mn.'
Sso Maet n mDI raed ear or beiLg anqiuvl Ith 1.- i."
p~r rv '- I.-vr *ai an-4 -lti *,,-. 'w t AI .. *-r. tn sm
U.a ,prI are cebar' -I -. ..-r. n 1l 1n- --:..i1 .-r- *,
e Anu' p--r-taai c r wi uuD, *-,' ,c..-'.- die
lbs's. 'I F', p-blmubef' Nou agencies IT. rOL`'t r c aIy'
other pruiai
THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE
Is p'iti~ea -'c7 *ice uiir!2s Ia^vas. Si tte Taii9
L 'T B rF I L L -' S r e',- i.5,or, e rJ ...*c, ,i ,'- 5, ,
ite Clir i ll PFri.e -i ptFI r ".am. Iw *:..[,.- tr i ,
T-n for W'.
THE E .-YOGKi DAILY TRIBUNE
]BIf blstleed e'ery n.urMnle aur.ai. u rc.ia)ae- '- -1I"1
T, I 1. ltf -7 I ,,- Ih -1011fl U0|l0l| *- r*-r-' part 'A I H
Ue'en, -r I F I'. jL'LLRe f-'*r ria' in Is Vt4 ',
TIHE NEW-YORK TRIBUNE
FoR CALViiU"Jlt. ORPGiJ5 RDi Tile T ilt, 'n ', P'n.-
Xe pbrisn-5 aIn 'm c I purih n J i fitl11 o '1. 31 a-1 wa d
Chat r. Prince cit cet?- ier copy
TUE NEW-YORK TRIBUNE
yOa EUoPEANl CIRCULATION
In pabllhed nm tlp as'p'rt"u or each ?.fall Steamer for
Luierowi a rpe. tvi ous per copy, or 01 peryear, postage
betiade.l.
GREELEY & McELRATH, Publishers.


'THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE.

THOUGHTS OF FREEDOM.. .For The Tribune.
-1BY G. M GILLETT.
U P from the misty verge of Time,
A golden ray is beaming,
Whose glorious light, with truth sublime,
Across the earth is streaming,
Though dimly through the mists of wrong,
It straggles yet, 't will brighten,
'And gladsome day break o'er the throng
God wills'it to enlighten:
Then, Brothers, cheer,
The dawn is here,
The dawn our day to brighten!
Old fables that have bound the mind,
And chained the soul to error,
Shall never crush again mankind,
Beneath their weight of terror I
The TRUTH now comes to bless the world,
The chains of men to sever:
And from his throne shall Power be hurled,
To pass away forever!
SThen, Brothers, rise,
And grasp the prize, '
That 'waits your firm endeavor.
FREEDOM TO ALLI God speed that day,
Nor let its morning linger;
For on the Future's lifting veil,
'Tis written by His finger-
The dreaming seer beholds it there,
With heart all wildly heating,
And million breasts send up their prayer,
His aspirations meeting:
Then, Brothers, wake,
The dawn shall break:
Be up to give it greeting!
Oh I "bright will be this world of ours,
When chains no longer fetter,
When men shall rank with equal powers
And RIGHT, not MIOHT 'S the better;
When Wealth shall have no lordly claim,
To lift its proud possessor,
When Poverty shall bring no shame
To humble its confessor-
When Brothers, all,
The great and small,
And earth holds no oppressor I

A DECEMBER VISION.
From Dickens's Household Words.
I saw a mighty Spirit, traversing the world
-withbrut an) rtZL rur pa '.. It was omnipresent,
it was li puwu.:r'ial, it b-1, no compunction, no
i .ty, LO re sittine aoenr that any,' appeal ['-'--n 'I|
of the rhce of aueu co7 ilA. r tc t [ It Ven iitj.1il.'t
to every creature bh-ra up.'n tio citii ,.3
to ea"b-. It tijrriedl iit s 1ia,-:-l i-:c i n rvha, i- ',-r
lI)V bg tl,'iij^, 11:A t i a,,d .'1 il.; hr tlie q o3 l ?I;,
lihaLr tihint? 7a.ito'n lr ai]e:Cd ",'' .m h ih ,. .l I
est, Band tht" i eore ,us tree it I l,, ,i u n t l atiik
away through ino gardenn, an'd the leaiv.:s p.-r-
hiasd andl tirie I], rea, witleLia tIh-i0ugh the aFr.
and thL angless lmgge. ii ..p- tm- wacp anildd.ipi -d
through the seta, arnd tlie rn ntcers or the di:.ep
Mloatcd, great wreckis, upt-n tib- waters It met
tIbe tees of lions in their Ijirs. ind they were
dust, its shal'A' Jrliricneit, r I' ficed- ul iyoring
tbildic'n l ig sleep, nd.J ihi'y q vihake n- moire
It -.h.l its k',K aI ,.j..-il: Ii i iin,-:s aabl. dii
what was appaite to 'i to d1 a-d ueitther sped.
nur .-lrktnerJd Called to, it Wenit on 0nmi-ea.],
end did iu.t tome. 'iemoanut by same wlo felt
that it rwss d, ,wihg neir, ti ebhango .-its Cairse, it
taried its shaded la-e nl-.r'n them, even while
the cr..'., sin.l thy w--r ilurnib It ptsenl Lt'
tl'e ji-ist oi jals qe cliunbers., wbere there were
lights ad musicc. pi,'tareq, diarm uies, grild an-.] sit-
vcr. cri-.sed the wr-nrkled -lmn- tihe grey rez,'d-
less of them; lor-Ledt into the eyes of a bright
bride, aud vanished. It rec-a.led itself to the
baby on the old cronee's laee. and left the olnd
crone wailitg by the tice. Bat whether ie be-
kolder of its lace were, now a King, ur no a la-
borer, now a 'aenri. ur norv a seaiBisreas: lot
the hand it palsied, be on tie scepter,or the pilo',
or yet too small and nerveless to grasp anything:
the Spirit never paaseal in irs appointed work,
andi, sooner or later, turned its tMaiprtial rioa fin all.
I saw a Minister of State, sitting in his Oiset.
and, round about him, rising from tie c.',.aritry
which he governed, np to the Eternal HE en-,.
was a low dull howl ol Ignorance. It was a wild,
inexplicable mutter, c-,sfosel, bit fill of threaten.
ing, and it made all hearers' hearts to quake with-
in them. Bet, few heard. In the single city
where this Minister of Srate was soanted, I saw
Thirty Thousand clildran, hinLed, flogged, isn-
prisoned, but not taoght-who might hav. boen
nurtured by the woll or bear, so little of huanriirty
bad they, within them or without-all ininig ia
ibthis doleful cry. And, ever among them, as
among all ranks and grades of mortals, in all parts
of the globe, the Spirit went: anIl ever by r,..iu
sands, m their brutish state, with -all tha gfilis of
God perverted in their breasts orjr tramplol out,
they died.
The MinisterofState, whose heart was- pierced
by even the little he cold lihai of those itcrr;ii)l
voices, day and nilthr riain. to leavrc.. wen'
among the Priests arid Teah,.'ra oil all dan-,nina.
tons, and faintly said
Harkee to this dreadful cry What i:itll v
do to stay it '
One body of responndlnts ansaerelp, T.nTh
ttis!"
Another said, '" lea.-li that! '
Another said, Teach icither thisne-; "',.-, but
i'ether! '
Another r|uarreled wtnh all .the three., tv3erty
others quarrelled with all the four, anI q.a mrrnl'd
no le'shbitterly am"nD theirimolves. Tlim' oic' s,
nat stayed by tlis, criedl -sat day and nbh. and
still, imong those many thousands, as amon-; all
mankind, went the Spirit who neve-r rested from
its iastor, anid stall, in brutish sort, they died-
Thon, a whisper mtrmurred to the Minister of
State:
'Correcrt this for th.5self. Be bollJ' Silence
tbese voices, or vrrtqonsly lose thy pover in t-he
attempt to do it. Thou can't not sow a virh, of
good seed in vain. Thou knowest it well. Be
hold, anl do thy duty!"
The Minister shruggedl his shoulders, aridi re-
plied "It is a great wrong-eon ir tVILL I-.ASr s.t
riutE.-' And so.he put it from him.
Then, the whisper wont among the Priests and
Teachers, saying to each, 'In thy soul thou know-
* eat it is a truth, 0 man, that there are good things
to be taught, and stay this cry."
.To which, each answered in hke manner, "It is
a great wrong-nUT rI V,'ll.. t..-r aY TItlE."-
And so he put it from him
I saw n poisoned air, iu which Life drooped. I
maw Disease, arrayed-in aU itc store of hideous
aspects and appaling shapes, triumphant in every
alley, by-way, court, back'street, and peor abode,
in every place where human beings congregated
'-in the proudest and most boastful places, most
of'all. I saw innumerable hosts, fore doomed to
darkness, dirt, pestilence, obscenity, misery, and
early death: ] saw, Wheresoever 1 looked, can-
aing preparations made for defacing the Creator's
Image, from the moment of its appearance here


on earth, and stamping over it theimage of the
Devil. I saw, from those reeking and pernicious
stews, the avenging consequences of sunob Sin is.
uing forth, anid penetrating to the highest places.-
S I saw the rich struck down in their strength, their
darling children weakened .and withered, their


NEW-YORK WEEKLY TRIBUNE.


VOL. X-......NO. 490.

rnarisgesl. B- sons and daughters perish in their
io'r I sa-' that not one miserable wretch
breathed out his poisoned life in the deepest celi-
lar of the most neglected town, but, from the sur-
rounding atmosphere, some particles of his iofec
tion were borne away, charged with heavy retri-
bution on the general ni-l
There were many uL.enLi, e and alarmed per-
sons looking on, who saw i,.se i -,-,: it ,- They
were well clothed, and hail [,,ira.- 1 th.- pook-
Seta ; they were educated, full e P h;',l.,-:--. ind
loved mercy. They said to one i-., ,'-.' i'-n is
horrible, and shall not be!" and there was a stir
amongthem t. ,- rit ri.,t. But, opposedtothese,
came asmall rin'iiijl'-, JL f noisy fools and greedy
knaves, whose harvest was in such horrors; and
tic3. with impudence and turmoil, and with scur-
rl.--us jests at misery and death, repelled the bet-
ter lookers-on, who soon fell back, and stood aloof.
Then, the whisper went among those betters
lookers-on, sai ine "Over the bodies of those fel-
lows, to the re ed) '"
But, each of them moodily shrugged his shoul-
ders, and replied, "It is a great wrong-mUT IT
WILL LAST MY TIME !" And so they put it from
them.
I saw a great library of laws and law-proceed-
ings, so complicated, costly, and unintelligible,
That, although numbers of lawyers united ia a
public fiction that these were wonderfully just
and eqnal, there was scarcely an honest man
among them, but who said to his friend, privately
consulting him. "Better put up with a fraud or
other injury than grope for redress through the
manifold blind turnings and strange chances of
this system."
1 saw a portion of the system, called (of all
things) EQUITY, which was ruin to suitors, ruin
to property, a shield for wrong-doers having mo-
ney, a rack for rightdoers having Aione; a by-
word for delay, slow agony of mind, despair, im-
poverishment, trickery, confusion, insupportable
injustice. A main part of it, I saw prisoners
wastingI in jail; mad people in hospitals; suicilHes
chronicled in the yearly records; orphans robbed
of their inheritance; infants righted (perhaps)
when they were grey.
SCertain lawyers and laymen came ltogetli:r,
and said to one another, "In only one ot ithee
our Courts of Equity, there are years of this dark
perspective before us at the present moment.-
We must change this."
Uprose, immediately, a throng of others, Secre-
taries, Petty Bags, Hanapers, Chaff-waxes, and
what not, singing (in answer) "Rule Britannia,"
and "God save the Queen;" making flourishing
speeches, pronounced hard names, demanding
committees, commissions, commissioners and
other scarecrows, and terrifying the little baud of
innovators out of their five wits.
Then, the whisper went among the latter, as
they shrank back, saying, "If there is any wrong
within the universal knowledge, this wrong is.
Goon! Setitright!"
Whereon, each of them sorrowfully thrust his
hands in his pockets, and replied, "It is indeed a
great wroug;-BUT IT WILL LAST MY TIME!"-
and so they put it from them.
The Spirit, with its face concealed, summoned
all the people who had used this phrase about
their Time, into its presence. Then, it said, be-
ginning with the Minister of State:
Of what duration is your Time?"
The Minister of State replied, "My ancient
family has always been long lived. My father
died at eighty-four; my grandfather, at ninety-
two We have the gout, but bear it (like our
honors) many years."
"And you," said the Spirit to the Priests and
Teachers, "what may your time be ?"
Some, believed they were so strong, as that
they should number many more years than three-
.score and ten; others, were the sons of old in.
cumbents who had l ii? outlived 3.'uthful expen-
tarits 6 Ort-,,is, for an-y means they had cif ral.u.
latin mug1ht lbe loga;- acd or shtii lisc.l--gr.,n'r-
nul- iothc, hrad a s1tr-tra prsuan-,,rni I.,-a: S ,
nil,',iut' ta"n r.r. e lasr ua in.
"" But. ,:, ry, maii, a I ur.-JLis >iiJ )on., u.i ar.-d
all, sabid the,? Sptpirit, "-has bid tit. ?
Ys '" they iclaiaic:d togeth:' r.
"YeA,' aShdtlheoSlilt ''it]l it as-l- .t lla i'
%V\o'rne c"c ra i.-ant-o: purry tc' a r.uac', ,.j.r"
doling himself witli the base recfllectiora thit it
s-allI last his time, shall bear his portion of thit
wrung througlout fLn Titmr. And, in the hiar
t hen be a'Bd I stand [ane tu face, hlie salil surely
know it, as my name is Daith ,
It delpatil, tLaritoug it s shaded face bithc- and
lthcther as it passed along upon ia ceaselcas work,
and. 1.ghtling Eal on whom it looked
Then went ancong many trembling hearas -lte
a hisper, sayinLg, "-6ec, ean-h -f you, belb Ce yo-i
take .ourease, 0 wiLknl. seltish, men, thir'hiat
will Is-t ;iour time,' be Jfst enough t. I tc Iar.
ev.er

NEW PUBLICATIONS.
STatEODORE PAi.tZR'S "DISCOIURSe ON lTE
Sia.,ror tuE NA.'iroN" is published in a neat
pamphlet by Crosby & Nichols, and sold by 0. S.
Fran.is &. Co It speaks of the leading political
topi's of th, day with an explicitness that re-
- minds as of tie plain speaking of the old Puritan
pulpit Mr. Parker is one of those who believe In
a Divine Law superior to Human Legislation,
and hlie does not hesitate to apply this principle
with a stmiogent severity to recent enactments.
We will give an extract or too .from this iahoy
hLm-ily:
WRONG NOT MADE ItIOUT BY' LAW
I have sometimes been amazed at the talk of
men who call on us to keep the Fugitive Slave
Law. one of the most odious laws in a world of
nioaus lews-s law nut; ht to be made or kept. I
have been nmar-ed that they should dare to tall
us the law ot God, writ on the heavens and on our
hearts, never demanded we should disobey the
Isvssat men' W1ll, a1lposo it were so. Then
it was old Damiel's duty at Darins's command to
give up his prayer: but he prayed three times a
cay, with his windows up. Thea it was John's
aid Peter's duty to forbear to preach of Chris-
tianity, but they said, "Whether it he right in
the sight of God l,., ihearken nnt-i Sou more than
uto iGod,judge ye." Then it was the duty of
Amram and Jochebed to take up their new born
Manes and -ast him un itohe 1'b Nile, for the law of
King Pharoah, commanding it, was "'constitntioo-
al." sand political agituriou" was diecoate.-
narincEd as muLh in GLisheln s in Boston. Bat
Daniel did not obey: Jlohn aid PL.tsr did not fail
to preach Cliritianiry;: and Amram and Jochebed
rttitcd --"paf.ene tbit-dicce to th iKing's de.
creel I think it will take a strong man all this
Winter to reverse the judgimirent which the world
las jpssed on theso three cascs. But it is "'inn>
cent" to try. However, there is another ancient
case, metlioned in the Bible, in which the laws
commanded one thing aoil Cousetuce jiest the
opposite. Here il the record of the law .,Now
"both the chietipriests and the Pharisees hn.l gieon
a commandment, that if any o.-" knew where hr
[Jeuns] were, he should show it that they might
take him." Oacourso, ir bsoame the c-ti-ihal and
legal basless of eath 'ha,.pl.. who ]aLow n-here
Christ was, to make it known to the anthorides
N.,: dunbt James and John could leave all ancd ffl-
li.n- him, with ethers t-f the periple who knew rucit
the law of hUuaes,andwerearr'ursed;: Day thewo
men, Ma-ba Bad Mary, could minister unto him
of their substance, coeld wash his feet with tears,
and wmpe them w tib the hairs of'their heal. They
did it gladly, of their own free will, and took
pleasure therein, I make no doubt. There was
no merit in that-" Any man can p:rforn an
agreeable duty." But tmere was fouad one dis
ciple could could "perform a disagreeable duty."
He went, perhaps "with alatrrity," and betrayed
his Ba-iour to the marshal of the district of Jern.
salem, who was called a centurion. Had he no
aflection tbr Jesus t No doubt. but he iald con-
quer his prejudices, while Mary and John could
not.
Judas Iscariet has rather a bad name in the
ChnstIan world, be is failed the "the son of per.
edition in the New Testament, and his conduct
is reckoned a "transgression;" nay, it is said the
devil "entered into him, "to cause this hideous
* sin. But all this it seems was a 'mistake: cer-
tainly, i' we are to believe our "Republican"
lawyers and-Statesmen2 Iam-riot only fulfilled his
constitutionalal obligations." It was only "on
that point," of betraying hjs Spevour, that the con.
stitetnal law required. bala to J.aye anything to


NEW-YORK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1851.


do with Jensus. He took his "thirty pieces of sil-
ver"-aboutffteen dollars-a Yankee is to do it
for ten, having fewer prejudices to conquer-it
was his legal lee, for value received. True, the
Christiar thought it was "the wages of iniquity,"
and even the Pharisees-who commonly madethe
commandment of God of none effect by their tra-.
ditions-dared not defile the temple with this
"price of blood;" but it was honest money; it
was as honest a fee as any American commission-
er or deputy will ever get for a similar service.
How mistaken we are! Judas Iscariot is not a
traitor: he was a great patriot; he conquered his
"prejudices," performed "a disagreeable duty,"
as an office of "high morals and high principle;"
be kept the law" and the constitution," and
did eli he could to save the "Union;" nay,hewas
a saint, "not a whit behind the very chiefest
apostles." "The law of God never commands us
to disobey the law of man." Sancte Iscariote
era pro nobis.
PASSIVE OBEDIENCE NOT TENABLE.
It is little strange to hear this talk in Boston,
and hear the doctrine of passive obedience to a
law which sets Christianity at defiance, taught
herein the face of the Adamses, and Hancock,
andWashington! It is amazing tohear this talk,
respecting such a law, among merchants. Do
they keep the usury laws? I never heard of but
one money-lender who kept them, and he has been
a long time dead, and I think he left no kith nor
kin! The Temperance Law,-is that kept? The
Fifteen-Gallon L aw,-were men so very passive in
their obedience to that, that they could not even
"agitate?" yet it violated no law of God-was
not unchristian. When the Government inter-
feres with the rum sellers' property, the law must
be trod under foot, but when the law insists that
a *an shall be made a slave, I must give up Con-
science in my act of prayer, and stoop to the vile
law men have made in their act of passion!
It is curious to hear men talk of law and order
in Boston, when the other day one or two hun-
dred smooth faced boys, and youths beardless as
girls, could disturb a meeting of three or four thou-
sand men, for two hours long, and the Chief of the
Police, and the Mayorof the city stood and looked
on, when a single word from their lips might have
stilled the tumult and given honest men a hearing.
Talk of keeping the Fugitive Slave Law!-
Come, come, we know better. Men in New-Eng-
land know better than this. We know that we
cuiet not to keep a wicked law, and that it must
rot be kept when the Law ojf God forbids I
But the effect of a law which men cannot keep
without violating Conscience is always demoral-
izing- There are men who know no higher law
than the statute of the State. When good men
cannot keep a law that is base, some bad ones
will say, "Let us keep no law at all,"-then
where does the blame lie ? On him that enacts
the outrageous law.
The idea that a statute of man frees us from'ob-
ligation to the law of God, is a dreadful thing.
When that becomes the deliberate conviction of
the great mass of the people, North or South, then
I shall despair of human nature; then I shall des-
pair of Justice, and despair of God. But it will
never come.
One of the most awful spectacles I ever saw,
was this: A vast multitude attempting, at an
orator's suggestion, to howl down the "higher
law," and when he said, Will you lhaa,i t.-s to
rule over you? they answered, "ini r' and
treated the "higher law" to a laugh and a howl!
It was done in Fenneil Hall; under the eyes of
the three Adamses, Hancock, and Washington;
and the howl rung round the venerable arches of
that hall! I could not but ask, "Why do the
heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing,
and the rulers of the earth set themselves, and
kings take counsel -.awatst tl-c Lord and say, 'Let
us break his bands nu nnier, und cast off' his yoke
from us ?'" Then I could not but remember that
li er,- wriii ,. H-:.: [hitr sit"trrt in the aena ns
si 1ill lIr- IhI| L..id alsall .aro lli's n Ion 'l rri.'ar n.
H r,1 i, n *-ap I!,: m1,r as a 'v r-' lItlI 1, t-,g, a,,.l
tat I' .l ,ina rs -_I ri-.- .i-iu r, r ,a_ L-- .:' LI1.-1: '
La. ,.rc Hims Howl down the law of0( Gt. at a
n.: i.-trntr-a cn-manrr! Dothis 1o Biton Let
as rt i,, nl'er Lthis-but with clhairity.
'iEJEL M.CHIt OF FlREEDO.1 IRRESISTIBLE.
It is not for men lorg to hinder the march of
human litEdinm. I arve no fear for that, niuhi
natr.cly,--norcI at all,--ttni,.l for this reason, that
I believe in the inrfinite U)d. Yuu may enalie
your stiLuites; a" appeal always lies to tue hib.
er law, nrd dcrisionsa ariccseto that get ret aside
in the ages Youar statutes cannot hold Him-
Von may gathLnie all the dried grass nad all ttie
straw in u oth Cottiainets, .you maiy braid it into
topes to blind down the sea, whilo it is caim, you
may lau.b, anil uny, Lo, I have chbiued the
oCLeanb' aiid tr,1 i iovN, the law of Him who
holds the univerpe-as a rosebud iu his hand-ita
every oceas but a drop of dew '" How rhe wa
tets suppress their agitation," you maysay Bat
when the winds blow their trompers, the sea
rises in its strength, snaps asualcr the bouds tuat
bud confined his inlghty limbs, and the world is
littered with t-bo ile hay' Stop the human rae
in its development and murch to freedom? As
well might the boys of Boston, seomn laiustroas
night, mounting the sreeples of this town, call on
the stars to stay their course! Gently, but irre-
sistibly, the Greater and the Lesser Bear move
round itbe pole;: Orion, in his mighty nail, comes
up tbhe sky; the Bull, the Ram. tth Heaaveniy
Twins, thb Crab, the Lion, the Maid the Scnlic,
and all that shining company, pursue their march
all night, and the new day discovers the idle
urcthins in theirlulty places, all tired, and sleepy,
and ashamed. It is not possible to suppress the
ilea of freedom, or forever hold down its instiru-
lioson. But it is possible to destroy a State; a
political party with geogpraphical bounds may
easily be rent asunder. It is not impossible to
shiver this America tUnio. But bowI What
clove asunder the great Britiash Party, one nation
onnce in America aoad England! Did not our
fatbems love tleir father land I Aye. TLe3ycalled
it heme, and were loyal with abundant lalnty:
tliele was no lack ol piety for home. It was the
attlimit to make old English injustice New-Eng-
land law I Who did it,-the British people?
Never. Their hand did no such sacrilege! It
was tl'e merchants of London, with the Navi,;a
tion Act." the politicians of Westminster with
the "Stamp Act;" the stories or America-who
"did rt d;e without issue-whn for ofice and its
gold would keep a king's anjust commands. It
was they, who drove our fathers into disuniou
ogairnst thr-r will. is here uo lessue? We ltre
law, all of uaslov it, but atrme mau lloes itinly
as thie safanoarti of the Bights of Man. II it do.
ctrn:, lthesc ltigblts, he spurns tt within hlii fct Ia
hore io kasoo Louk farther then
Do you know how Empires idn. their end?
Yes3 he gtect laStatcs at up the little As %wit
lihb, so with nat aocs. Aye, but how do the great
States come to ai end I By their o-vr irjustirco,
and no' ithbr cause. They would maioe ouiight.
eouiness thuir law, and L.d wills rnuot that it be
so. Thus they fall. thus they die. Look at these
oe, rLIt States, tie qu-"snliest .uaoiiS of eanili.
TLh--e is RH-me,. lie wilow ol two,:iila:-iti.-ns,--
the Pegan and the Catholic. They bo'h had her,
crad unrto buib abl hotse 'Jrlnghtt: rs nu.i lair soas.
But, the P'i.mbs iif Natiano, she boasted that lair
children were holier aud more fe-" than all thie
pure ideas of Justice, Truth, and Lr.re, tlhe ,-ii"
spring of the elernal itoJ. And now sue sirs
there, trnaslormed into steno, amid rhe ruins ,Sf
her children haours. At midnight I hare heard
the owl hoet in the Coilseaum and the Foratio giv-
ing voice to desolation, and at midday I have
seen the fox in the palace where Augustus gther.
ed the wealth, the wit, the beauty an.J the wis.
dom of aoonquered world, and the fox and the
owl interpreted to me the vo ce of marny agcs,
which name to tell this age, that TU,.rUann i.raD
JO05 IS HANDT tHE WICKED aHtLI. NOT PROSPEI.
Come with me, my friends, a moment more,
pus over thli Colgotha of human history, tread-
ing reverent as you go, for our feet are on our"
mothers' graee, and oar shoea defile. our fathers'
hallowed bones. Let us not talk of them, gofur-
ther en, look and pan. by. Come with me into
the Inferno of the nations, with such peoorguidance
as my lamp can lend. Let us disquiet and bring
up the awful shadows of empires buried long ago,
and learn a lesson from the tomb.
Come, old Assyria, with the Ninevitish Dove
oen thy emerald crown- ": What laid tbee low!
"I fel by my own injuitiicea TberebyNineveh
and Psbhlou canie, w ih me, also, to the ground.'
Ob iineenly Pesiaa,flame ofsthe nations;wbere-
lote art thou so fallen, who trbddest the people


under thee, bridgedst the Hellespont with ships,
and pouredst thy temple wasting millions on the
western world ? "'-Because I trod the people un-
der me, and bridged the Hellespont with ships,
and poured my temple-wasting millions on the
western world. 1 fell by my own misdeeds!"
Thou muselike, Grecian queen, fairest of all thy
classic sisterhood of States, enchanting yet the
world with thy sweet witchery. speaking in art,
and most seductive song, why liest thou there
with beauteous yet dishonored brow, reposing on
thy broken harp! "I scorned the Law of God;
banishedi and poisoned wisest, justest men; I
loved the loveliness of flesh, embalmed it in the
Parian stone; I loved the loveliness of thought,
and treasured that in more than Parian speech.
But the beauty of Justice, the loveliness of Love,
I trod them down to earth I Lo, therefore have I
become as those Barbarian States-as one of,
them!"
Oh manly and majestic Rome, thy seven-
fold mural crown, all broken at thy feet, why art
thou here? 'Twas not injustice brought thee
low; for thy Great Book of Law is prefaced with
these words: Justice is the unchanging, everlast-
ing will to give each man his Right "'Twas not
the saint's ideal; it was the hypocrite's pretence!
I made iniquity my law. I trod the nations un-
der me. Their wealth gilded mypalaces,-where
thou mayst see the fox and hear the owl,-it fed
my courti-r asi.-l my Lionrtrzans. Wihke.] men
were mN P.l.l.'..r'.tl ciiaIl|.;rs.-t-l' lAtterrrbr.aath-
ed his pouron in ty er;ir Millinrs of bhionJmeo
wet the soil with tears and blood. Do you not
hear it crying yet to God? Lo here have I my
recompense, tormented with such downfall as you
see! Go back and tell the new-born child, who
sitteth on the Alleghanies, laying his either hand
upon a tributary sea, a crown of thirty stars about
his youthful brow-tell him that there are Rights
which States must keep, or they shall suffer
wrongs! Tell him there is a God who keeps the
black man and the white, and hurls to earth the
loftiest realm that breaks His just, eternal law!
Warn the young Empire that he come not down
dim and dishonored to my shameful tomb! Tell
him that Justice is the unchanging, everlasting
will to give each man his, Right. I knew it,
broke it, and am lost. Bid him to know it, keep
it, and be safe !"

NICARAGUA.
The Ascent of the San Juan River-The Rlap-
Ida-Improvement of Navlgation-Tottlsome
Voyage-Heallth-liver Scenery-Vegeta-
tion-Birds and ,iishes-Enterlng the Lake.
LETTER FROM JULIUS FRoEBEL.
Cor. of Thie New-York Tribune.
C a i.- L.- L ici N c .. I
e,\',-.Jr .,'. O)r i,' a'.'"
MEsSRs. EDITORS: I left San Juan ou the 23d
of November1 and reached here on the 6th inst.
The journey in a river canoe, or bango, is one of
the most fatiguing that aman can make, especial-
ly in the rainy season, which lasa much longer
than usual this year. I was therefore obliged to
experience the violent torrents which usually her-
aid its close. The canoes (piragnas,) are urged
up stream partly with oars and partly with poles,
which is such slow work, that frequently, afte# a
toilsome day's journey, we had advanced only 3
or 4 miles. From San Juan to Granada is near
200 miles; twelve or fourteen days is considered
little enough for the ascent of the San Juan River,
while three days is sufficient for the lake voyage
of 100 miles. On the river, we are still limited
to this primitive means of transport. Of the two
steamboats which were built for its navigation,
one is grounded in the rapids of Machuca. and the
-E[hier il-. j at i -rl.Ior b ,c'lw tlhu-mu A.-' CdaiiL;ll I. -',
the p s-iig,- C --1 4.i '.- i,' .'I ff -al, Ti.'e 1 i,f
tl-. .- n, ,11 it .-., t : I -i.sI ,l inp,-)' b. l",re
its ur'iutei'rupttri ueaieatiun by larger vessels a ill
be possible.
Suchu improvement wouol be pri.'-ipully conli;-
ed to the four rapisil which are formedl in ithe ri er.
The rapid of Castillo Voitlo-so named, fromni the
-ruins ct a Spanish castle-is the moat important.
There seems to me good ground for the universal
bel;cief that these hindrances to- navigation were
artificially made, or at least aggravated, by the
Spaniards, to protect the inland against the at-
tacks, first of the freebooters and afterward of
the English. Merchant vessels of considerable
size formerly ascended the river to this place, the
proof of this are to be found in the archives. "At
present, a light schooner can a. ith d fliualty reanb
the lake. One, which is now here, is a great help
to communication with San Carlos, at the entrance
of the San Juan. The bungocs, which use an
awkward sailor, rhe lake, can only go with half a
wind, and to run cloge-hauled, is impossible. It
therefore happens that during the prevaUing east
wind, weeks sometimes go by before they can
make a htip from hereto San Carlos Thie auboon.
er, which sails rtgalarle twice a week. taking
each tim. ifo.'rt)-.five passengers at 1i; each, does
a splendid business. Her owner, Dr Segour, of
Lonisiana, is a perfect gentleman aridl a mot
Euterprrsing loan, whose settlement here will
greatly benefit the country.
The building of larger audbetter vessels ihas al
ready bcEn ctiinmenred, several American ship-
carpenters on their' way to Califo nuia having set.
tied ierei A journey from Ban Juan by land is
almane-st imp'.ssible. The travelerwould be obliged
to leave all baggage behind, live on wild game
and flilluw some wild Indian guide through the
fuiitst[-a nora ilithan doubtful unaertakiLg. There
is no path on the banks of the River. The crews
ol tht bungo's land every morning to make a fire
and cook, but tLere are few conve-Ient places for
this purpose, and they are often obliged to make
thrir luire in thie nl it of a swvamp Dangerous
bheaEs acid ilsagreeablte vermiin swarm in the for.
ests en botih sions of tihe river The bangoes lay
at anchor all night iu tho middleo the-stream, and
the tiaaric.r is luch avito catU find 8 or 10 square
fCt of cr; landr to stand upoo ein thle morning -
The wsent of ro-rr. to si'retch one'selfour by niglit,
the liliicultyor keeping one's clothes and baggage
drn, ibte dirt rrid coifuu;on. the coarseness or the
nAtid- samboes and mulattoes, the impossibility
of making a rmorion of any kind, since it would
disturb the.equilibrium of the bealt-all this a nd
muach more, Ic-cr tno or three weeks e getgier, is
nor," annycing rand exhausting than cold be iho-
ginecd. Fur women theL journey is, in many re-
ep ects, the most unpleasant possible
So remarlably healthy is the climate, hioweaer
that all thes6 lti;5 'ues, with the ram and dew, the
exhalaticos L.I t1i river and the swamipa--which
are so thick in tie evening that yoa can not only
smell then-, but taste them on the tongue-the
deane river water, fattened with earthy and
re-tagtale mstt,-r whieh y ou drink, thc hard sea-
fuae epon wh,-ch you live and the want of esor-
rise-do not injure .you iu the least After &2
days at si-a, I was 1uaitd sick when I lelt xan
Juan, but filly recoveted my health on the river
Thu nulmate at this place, and even at S-i Jean,
has no presdspnsition to any tiangerous disease
Fevers, which invariably yseld to a few dlisos of
quinine, and lIght sttaeha ol diarthfes, Wnich are
cured by diet alone, are all that the stiranger has
to fear. Perhaps nowhere else in the tropic zone,
may one reeel in the enjoyment of its manilfild
hults, so safely as here. Wiin-eu the lake and
river are finally made navigable for steam vessels,
the journey will be as delightful as it is interest-
injg.
The scenery of the river exhibits the most
wonderful variety of vegetable growth, than one
can imagLe. From the month to some distance
inland, the shores are grown with small pajms,
which appear to thrive in a swampy soil. They
bear an abundane of nuts, hanging in bunches ,
clusters, and I suspect would faraish paa.oil" fi
a good quality. These disappear as -;o ascend,
and the larger growths of timb' appa- ^
and "' appea-' with
dense thickets below, n d together by a
wild profusion of pPtasitic vines and cliimbtg
plants. A mon"a', where the shores begin to
he dry and".'
the d-. i rise ab ove the level of the water,
'"e r,, mreappears-a most beautiful, slander
,,iart, which lifM its feathery crocws n hil oer the.


-- -.- - .ta.r ,~.lr ..- -,---

-- L.--..c-.-' -- -- --- ---i-i.--.- C-'
- : r - ~- '7t-4~,.-!-.-*tt----2-.- - -- C a -.--,~-'~~ -<- - -


TWO DOLLARS A YEAR.

rest of the forest. Here and there tho elegant
fan of a treelike fern sways in the wind-the
most graceful object any landscape could show.
Little miniature palms, whose stems when fully
grown, only measure about seven inches in diame
tar and could stand entire in a room, stand in
m riads nat-r,- ti,. ,],e of the water.
With :lc trXiceptii., of a few ranges of hills,
which approach the river, the shores are quite
level all the way to the lake. Mountains are
seen at only one point-the mouth of the Sara-
piqui, a tributary stream, which has been fre-
quently named of late, in connection with the
Colonization project of Costa Rica, since it forms
the main entrance into the heart of that State.
Above the upper rapid-that of Castillo Viejo-'
where there are also hills bordering the river, the
water has also very little fall, whence this part of
the journey is called by the natives Aguas
Muemtas-dead water. Here it is easy to catch
any quantity offish, of which both river and lake
contain a great variety. While we were engaged
in shooting for breakfast a few hoccos-a large
splendid bird, called by the natives pavonee (pea-
cock)-the crew of another bungo near us caught
with a hook and line in a few minutes, a mess of
savltlos, a most excellent kind of fish. In addi-
tion to the hocco, we frequently shot another
large bird which the natives consider as the fe-
male, since they call it pave It is evidently
another bird, probably a species of turkey. I
suspect it to be the'species of ,leleagris, dis-
covered in Guatemala. This bird is so plenty
that we have often shot a dozen in a few minutes
after landing.
Parrots and monkeys are the most usual ani-
mals on the river; their cries, in the morning, fill
all the air. The alligators are shy, and not often
to be seen. They appeared most frequentlynear
the Fort of San Carlos, where the river leaves the
lake. Herelsaw large droves ofthem at a little
distance. Birds flying low on the water are fre-
quently snapped up by these beasts who leap out
of the water with all the forward part of their
bodies- Often in the ni,.,',i', .-,. i? '. -tL ,. -c ;rc,-
ing and bellowing oi tni-o mani i, ,t ,l:.ii r,.i-
catch glimpse of this interesting animal. The
first shot from my hunting rifle killed a boa-con-
strictor, which lay stretched out on a ledge near
the water.
When the traveler enters thelake at San Car-
los, the most magnificent scene is unfolded. The
wide watery level is bounded toward the right by
beautiful wooded hills, and to the left by the high
volcanic cones of Costa Rica, while great and
small islands, of magnificent forms, stud its dur-
face. The largest of these, Ometepe, is a splen-
did cone, covered with vegetation to its top, and
5,000 teet in bight. It is inhabited by Indians
alone, who have a large village on the shore.
JULIus ,F mRuEr L.

MORE ABOUT 'THE SPIRITS.'
The 'Spirltual lIanlfestatlious' out WVest.
Correspondence of The Tribune.
AUsURN, N.Y. Wednesday, Jan. 22.
H. GIREELEY-Dear Sir: I notice in The Trib-
nie of the 18th inst. a communication over the
signature of deman Burr, attempting to give a
solution of the so called 'Spiritual BRappings,'
upon the theory of physical deception. Although
the statement will, as matter of necessity, appear
destitute of force of truth to those conversant with
the subject, it may still occasion perplexity to
those moveable minds as yet but partially faliniliar
with the manifestations. I ask, therefore, the
publication of the following, embracing one fact
from among many at my command.
In July last I visited Scott, Cortland County,
and thence Auburn and Syracuse, for the purpose
i ;ns-cstlgaigig athe pheiiiimietria I. ,.1tioiimn -
ilh it nu it tl. : ,ii ,1.ui ,n f u-I r--'lL'-iiii' cr i th., pirsla
1,.' [ t.E.i.,rJ i ., i;" r-' ] ."','*'_ i-. I"t ,,,', ~ri. I '' tl,.^
nl-..babet as calILd f[L.r ,n theas-,il way, 'and I
Was IS relne 3t.d to renaul, till tlhi depart-ric of the
uLc sat trJin I cars, as a,.olh-.r spint wnsh,:d to
uikLc to me a special ommnniani.'mtion. I a-rcord-
inuly rt-eainc-d from ornming till nonUi, unild d'ti-ig
iLts liume nthe lolliing cormuaaicalr"-n was gtern
to ore thbrouhL the alphabet:
rd1 S,-:I. uu know rii .s-itn I wau s tlih6form I fell
rjiu a trance, n'ach t.f lC a relsil-d u i n)u. Yuo tvihiid
li wiltea nn pubUtish IL I tlaid yua It nortlal va riot
'mae; to rneceiV' It, and. that whb u it sqs I would Ite'risF
tuu I u1 b n OW Corie [o tell nuu to puhlili it- M.-rtrite
jL'-'it6i-
'This wis given pt the bnousa of Mr. Win., Ad-
ams, Mrs. R, A. Benedict bh-igL thie medium.
Those present we-re all strangers to me, and the
conversaton referred to unklnoon even to my
own family. That the force of this mruay be felt, .it
is only rt-cesm.rry to state tliet while Pisatr o ithe
first Sev'entib Ds; Baptist Charch ina Berlin, N.Y.
in the Sumiuam.r of 184?, a 0ouug lady e.of tho above
came, cmtler of my congregation fll into a
sleep, Jasrrg a number of days, boherice ashe was
lin]allv'Tonsied by means of physical magnetism.
She died in, the WiJter following. During her
illiesAs, alter bci trance and be lore her decease, I
often visited her. She Telated to mc a wonderful
experience of things heard and seen during this
time. and the conversation above referred to trana-
Spired betiweV us relerive toits publication. The
reader may judge of my surprise on hearing this
brought to light, among perfect strangers, through
the mysterious sounds
I will simply add that these Rappings' are not
simple sounds, but variations of sound 'raiIsmIt.
ting various forms and degrees of intelligence.
Spirits through these media establish signals
whereby tLeir friends in the body may distingaish
them Inrom others These signals consist general.
1l' of variations of numbers of sounds jn various
dcgrces of velocity and intonation. Thus a per-
sou may converse with a departed friend through
one medium, obtain his signal, and know his
friend by the same signal through any number of
media personally st angers to and distant from
eahli other. I may also observe that spirits, es.
peciallj in Lbhii section of our State, also comma-
nicate through seeing mediums, who behold them
by the opening of an internal lens in the eye, and
by beaming mediums who converse with them, as
well as by the rapping mediums. Spirits are also
hb rrd in conversations uf articulate sounds, d in
chants asd h) irns, in many aIsmilies.
Mr. Barm states that he produces imitations of
these sounds, and argues from the variation of
soiLU priiduced through rapping mediums, that
all thie alleged communications byra-ppings are
t]Je result cf colluasion and deceit upon the part of
the persons through whom they come. Had he
mosotigated the subject with mor thuoraugihness
and candor, he would have discorcred the fact
that multitudes of invisible intelligence oomnmu-
rii.atle through a single medium by equal numbers
of vareicties of sounds. His argument is thus
made to refute iis own position. He falls, whei
pursued, lilae .?aul, King of [sraet, apoe his owe
sar-wrd.
To malt.- lhis position good, lie rmast rnot o-nly
pradace vTii.bnons ofasund but equal numbers of
atatetnetts, liro'sgh sound, nufilhing intellhg-.nce,
and this in Eujopcan asid Asiatic as we-ll as nu-
dian langeages-wbmch has bec-n accomplished
through mediums ignorant, in some iuslnares, of
the grammar of tbeir win toL'gru-'s. And wihen be
hbs done all this, be has rly prod-iced a cournter-
Icit of the renilay. These imitations, if made, are,
whrn perfect, only as the ruds of the l..-,ptian
magicaisia, which were swallowed by ti',, r c.J of
Aaron, Prices of thb most high God
But let all thin be done by our madairn magi.
cians-let them produce a parallel to the spiritual
commnuicannn given shave-and they shall be
led on, in its unfoldings, to fail like the magicians
of Pharaoh; to show a compact with de-ceitfel, fa-
nUiar spinte, o; -- .rp.e hermsclves escaped
beings from some region of the interior state, pos-
swased of their varieties and speciality of informal.
lien. snd housed in hnman forms
''nh genat respect, I ;tmi your obedaen' serva7l, ;

DEt swsBz.--We perceive that the ilBersiei
in the Legislature of this State are movies early
for the execution of the pledges madeWtheir con-
stituents. AHomCsteadE-eamptid 1 .D ha- .boon
introduced1 and a mOvement made fe thae oaslg
of a State RIeform Oonvention onie 4t of .N'o0-
vember next. In some fora these and may
other wholesome measures gil be carried at this
session, so aCnmmous and prompt are the Corn.
mittens k reporting on .t14b u.snaM referred to
hm.-, .
- -* -


REVIEW OF EUROPEAN AFFAIRS.
Dates from Liverpool, Jan. 11. London and
PFrtI,1 0th.
By the American steamer Arctic we have a
week's later advices from the Old World. The
Arctic, after having been thirteen days on her
way from Liverpool, was forced to pat into Hali.
fax for a supply of coal, having been badly far.
nished by the agents in England. Nothing has
yet been heard ol the Atlantic.
From ENGLAND there is no important political
niqws. Preparations for the World's Fair are
continued on the same grand scale. The iron
steamer Great Britain is being refitted to bring-
out'visitors from this country. She will be here
in April. The quarterly returns of the revenue
are highly satisfactory. Notwithstanding the
abolition of the tax on bricks and the redlaction of
the stump duty, the. income for the year, so far,
exceeds that of last year by .164,922. The no-
Popery agitation has pretty much subsided.
In FRANCE has occurred the most important
event since mle election of Louis Napoleon. This '
is the dismissal of Gen. Changarnier, the ap-
proval of the General's conduct by the Assem.
bly, and the resignation of the Ministers.-
One of the journals published certain general
orders of CIsnDsr.jier's, in which the troops
were e.minmane'. Nut to obey or pay any
attention to any request until after hiavin; taken
or received the orders of the Leaunnnti n ienarsal.
Not to listen to Representatives of the people.
To shoot all traitors instantly. Every order which
does not come fr.nm the Commander.in-Chiefis
null." The General denied in the Assembly that
such instructions had been issued as a permanent
thing, but only when a combat in the streets was
apprehended as soon to happen. On this ex-
planation he was applauded, and his conduct ap-
proved by a very large majority. Hereupon the
Ministry, feeling themselves defeated, gave in
their resignation, and the President, taking ad-
vantage of the crisis to get rid of a man he had
long regarded with fear and jealousy, withdrew
from Changarnier the command of the Army at
Paris, and divided it between two or three Gen-
erals of lower rank. All this has produced a
great excitement at Paris. At the latest date,
no new Ministry had been formed, and there is
evidently a great difficulty in finding men to un-
dertake the administration of the Government.-
Neitheiof the 1I1 parties, escei,-t the Bonapartl.
ista, w ill take lice on terms to wbi.-'lh the Presi-
dent will agree and, as for the new parties, an
alliance with them is inot to be thought or, and
could not be other wise than barren as they could
not c.,mmsnd sull;eient'ctiength in the Assembly
to go on for a day. It is impossible to say what
will o-me of this ':t.!ro t'-. '.
In GLIA:r., mIatcr d Lill wear the same unn-
promising aspect. Nothing L-as been made pub-
lic of the doings at the Dresden Conferences.-
The Prussian Parliament iTs in session; :he Minis-
try have a mij.j'ra, a-i,, everything will be done
to confirm the' order' of society. In H-esse.Cassel
the most oilan-.ll3 sI.l shamrful oppro.i-.n is
exercised. Many of the best ri';zens p.r.-1. s1ing
in order to escape prse-:.[t; .o forbahitn attempL-
ed by perfectly legal and t-iIsritutiornal means, to
uphold the Constitution of their country. The
troops for the pacification of Schleswig Holstein
have been set in motion on their way to the
Duchies.
In AUSTRIA nothing has been done to 'Iiehve
the financial difficulties. Priobally a great loan
will be reaurlcd to, capitr.ists lIoraisbino the
money in order to save the -ast suars the. have
rir.-na,, le-nt to that Government, which wojald be
I[It ;if the o '-,.7 'B3.-r'6 .r. 1.1. t ., .. paR,"
tii-nt. iu liuntaur3'Xi'%re i r .'great diessatislaotion
aUith the nen I, ihirroncue. ta1 1 oil tobacco, which
is there produced in ptcriection, and regarded as
one of the nercesseries of life. Meanwhile a vast '
corps ol excise ollkors ies been 'organized to en-
force this and other odioas taxes. Trhe attempt
musti he attended with diffimalty aPd often with '.
bloodshibed.
In lia.r matters gi ont after.. the old sorti -
The Pope is not in very good- health'" The
King of Naples is now menaced with rey .. ":A
olutionary plots on every side. Arrests are' ',
made i; great number., but this does not -,
seem to lessen the evil Tle army is therefore to al -
be iDnressed by 18ti,0 men. and ai the promilga-
tion of English opltuons is one of the cases as-.
signed for these co;ett reasons, the few Neapoli- -
tans who were bent on visiting the great Exhibi-
tion, bare been refused their passports.
Front TURKlY. we bear of rtbe submission oftlhe-
Bosnia.s. On- the tuih Dec. Omar Pasha made-
his triumphal entry into Husoa Sera!. Mahm.d,
thle [rebellious Pasha of Tuazla, rode on a misera-
ble saddle affixed to the back of a peasant's sorry
jade. After him rode the other prisoners, -the'
Mnsselinis, Cadis, &o. each horse belmgs attached.
to the saddle of its predecessor. Four Nizamis
(Christians) dressed as Jesters, with cap an. -
bells, and performing ell kinds of antics, led on
the procession. After the first act was over,
Mastapha Pasha Bable was led on foot through
the streetS, and it i said that the sad speotasele
drew tears from the eea-of" many of the Trk.
who stood ropnd, "' i '.
In (0 EacE nothing is so pinuch talked of as the
robbers infesting all parts of the country. A party
of brigands lately pillaged the principal homus of
the village of Melissima in open day. A few
days after this exploit, the robbers had a slkirmsh -.
with a party of soldiers, of whom one was khlle .
and another wounded. Scenes of a similar de '
cription have occurred in Eubmia, Livadia, Bcotia "
and Attica. At Gortyna a party of.O6 travelers
were attacked and robbed on their way to Tripo.
lizze. A numerous band attacked the village of
MUchals, in Acarniani, pillaged several houses,
and put some of the inhabitants to the torture.-
On tilt 17th nlt. a band of "0 robbers, under the
ordc ra of CcntzomilL attacked the Turkish village -.
Zatanti, and had a skirmish with an Ottoman de. "
tachmm-t, which lost two men.

FOREIGN MARSE'EBS.
A nmahked etinudnuo In tile damid fer Ooltoe hu laken
pice and a general quItolespervatadds markm darinr g
tln rut wtek, with a firmer dowward ltendency li
l~r v,#.' aiwbb~st' a aieIts Is Iral-uat tqadsysi ol sd j'm '
we the l maer aid omi-dlnR dwC vitiiin of Amaeriea.ot
.t r n ab baiset u i tontinaed, while r bet. r klad. U '
i-ntaunos are nominally tlimaSe le at lhedal of oarur ma
, Ircub|ir. "'
1r. .-, -ir te nine ldaisslg 1uenn lasat l eveig -'ar .-e..-
mcatctiirj,75Bbailae, ofwhicehspeclu!atMrahve.talkea1,B0 a.-: ;
sic enportersJI:l<'bacle. -. *
'l.e i.'ial qaotaflnr.'&rtF Orletmea ; j; r.MoMf W "" "
V iti~lrl41n~s 7)a nld pqua~iiiniues'la'tyl .
Ttv Cr market ils Vg0ia 'ery qalki wir a fersiltatght
decline in prices. evyslst s pearwmce of ImptfTement
tn-rne iricedtslewl ehtCged lj ieU largesupple. IroiB laO
Cohiast,. which m'arrtvnl are placed on Ibe marke._
l\'es;ttL CenaBSftll orIs wanted an -eWtaIdr; Caonaa Us
ldels Gl. tltit0 hblas o goud quairy IIPvtaY1 been soli
from= te'5 at th former prtce; PHrad-lpoli sad Sall-
naomi tonrlB t"es a bbl Whi sWhet aa2d.
Irt uASMf 70 IIsL w. Wlladla Corn F2s; Yellow
30M1nL snd mixed at cS.ea p quarter of0 l~s. la
dha Cra Mtetl 1te6d p bLf
Tm markt bheig eaw emed .ateiv we .asorted wia,.
luw f deffe lia .banl purcn~ue .,arungi meei to i .
rSOCet, edlSwiU veyW4 prir suseixe taken for
- orduiary brid;-fell rates bt aboeee made fnr the beter
dee.rrlpt lions..
Tbalahn~t855l now require Ibr Fork has chce bud..a
nem, Ibmr/aoel, bUing vay Annrm, arelilyt mteTshfsnbahi ,,
advan.c" e.
flawe Is a moderais Inquryt for new Kares, ,-
fmnd -r Catoi qeoel .i Ia readi. y madet. C UD5
move slowly; no sew yet ariLed. 1Ho IbefciS uk


aThe nquiy fr Lard ha bea only toinas lh k.dftu-.
IM fro= the lHtt*stock. hold e he om eDahlei to
estajbLs afrther advance of Sd- perem
?'be'market far Chelse ham sicsln 9 Si q-it-lt -
move rgailyI a fal prt s; bui othor descrlptis am redM
The Tallow marks has be" devold of ta1-rem fermej
- sea at" lWa


- -- <:-~.-t--'.C, -w~rcc It-,: - K e 'r~,
~.,n'-.u '- 'rr S
-- - ~ ~ --




2


2 THE NEW-YORK TRIBUNE.
2 _________________________ ___


THE PUBLIC LANDS.

SPEECH oF MR. WALKER or Wigt.
On the Bill to Cede the Public Lands to the
States in which they lie, on condition that
such States shall s'eraelly ronvey the
same to actual r.-r.-:upants only, in limited
qtantmties. fr -:osil of surrey, transfer,
and title muniments, merely ; made in
the Senate of the United States, on the
14tlh and 15t1 of January, 1851,
Mr. WALKER said : Mr. President, it will not
be denied by any one that the Senator from
Michigan IMr. Felch) has entertained us with
an able argrament on his side of the subject
under consideration. But his side, as I expected
it would be, is the financial or money side only;
and he has shown us but one side of that, but has
done this with much ability. My side of the
question is-that which lies deep in the principles
-of political economy and the rights of the citizen;
not, however. dsrepardiing financial or pecuniary;
considerations, but holding these but secondary
to the other. In presenting these, I shall present
the view neglected by the SenatorC He shall
also hear an answer to everything he has said, in
the remarks I propose to submit; but as to any
special answer or reply, it will be but incidental
in passing. My main object at this time is to
advocate the rights of labor as connected with
the measure under discussion. I must therefore
crave the Senator's pardon and forbearance when
I take leave of his speech, able as it is of its
kind, with the observation that it was such con-
pervatism as his which so long perpetuated the
practice of imprisonment for debt, and still per-
petuates in too many localities the right of the
creditor to tear the bed from the feeble mother,
and the cradle from the still more feeble and de-
fenseless infant It is the rust upon the shield of
a by-gone age; it must give place to the motto
upon the shield of the present-" ONWARDI
O. WA RDI"
The doctrine and theory of all civilized Govern-
S ments have been. that the absolute or positive
rights of the people should be deemed offirst
and paramount importance, and the first to be
Ilfcndtd and p'ti fcd The difficultyhas always
been, however, that this principle was known in
doctrine and theory only, but never carried out in
practice. Nor, sir, will it ever be so carried out
until rulers and statesmen discover and acknowl-
edge another truth that from these absolute or
positive rights-by which I mean life and personal
freedom-there result also certain, absolute or pos-
ntice anti a:.d i':-.--trec-alike in all men
wheth" affluent or Jestitute, an.J which .-ar,nut
be resisted-saruch as of Jo.dnJ, clothing and slider.
77rese wants and necessities should receive the
first care and attention of Government; while
such desires merely as aRe of a relative or inci-.
dental kind-by which I mean such as concern
and pertain to trade, commerce, wealth and
luxury-should receive but a secondary conaidor-
ation The first cannot be neglected and man
enjoy his posdt'e tights; but the second mi y, and.
his plcanrc' only sutler. Bat every puolical his-
toran and economist knows that the case has
been directly reversed in practice-that man's
absolute wants and necessities have been com-
aratively neglected, while the relative, minci-
ental wants and desires of great classes have
been met and provided for by the best energies
of Government. Hence we find under the British
crown-particalarly in Great Britain and Ireland
-that while thousands upon thousands have
starved, or gone without necessary food, clothes,
shelter, and education-wealth and lauxuary, trade,
commerce and manufacture, have been promoted,
protected, and fostered by all the machinery of
summary eviction and clearance: distress for
rent primogeniture and strict-entail; game laws,
church rates and nithes; uncontrollable banks,
With more uncontrollable national debts; the
most expensive nary of the world, with burden-
some taxation and onercos duties-and these,
too, upon the very bread 4 'fi[ until recently.
The same crushe(19" -the people, so
far al regards the'irl6bi, htPj irceassties. will be
found under all the Governments of Europe and,
contemn the idea as you will, the fact aexists-that
S the great cause of this is, tie dusre..rrt shown to
t'. these necessities of tlie popl'/, ia cla '-irit'ai.i',Lin,
and the encouragement nireti by Goemrnmn:ri to
LAND MONOPOLY AND AGOEOiIATION. But why
This implied censure upon England and Europe,
when, turning our eyes to our own country, we
mid so little less to complain of? Here, as in
Britain; are thousands, and will be million, in
Swant'and destitute misery. Here, as there, the
I mere incidental wants and desires of wealth,
S luxury, class, commerce, and manufacture are fast
I'' engrossing the fostering care and protection of
Government, to the entire exclusion and disregard
ofthe resistless wants of human nature. In pur.
snitof this policy yoU have already created a na-
val establishment, the expense ol which for this
year is estimatedat NINE AND A HRALF MILLIONS
di DOLLAs Your customs establishment has
rost ahulhdred millions more; and the administra-
tion of your customs costs, in addition, two mil-
lions ennuali. Your army list and war eastab-
lishmeLnt cost ten and a hall millions more, and in-
creasing as time and -yeais roll on I How much
Y ou have expended and Will expend for the pro.
section of commerce on the Atlantic and Pacific
coasts, for harbors, fortifications, sea-walls, break-
waters, buoys, beacons, light houses, dry-docks,
and coast surveys, God only knows! But when
you come toWesternlakes and rivers to the region
of agriculture and labor-where the producer is
interested in facilities for shipping his products,
and inreceiving with facility, safety, and cheap-
nessn, Im rtted articles and home manufactures for
eonumption, there you would have it unnonstitu.
anesl to expend a dollar for the protection ofcom.
nierce. You have established institutions for
the education of your military and naval officers
at G.orrnment expense; while you have but grudg-
ingly doled out the" sxiteeusA section" for the edo-
S cation of the laboring multitudes. Millions upon
millions of the public domain have been expend-
"ed chiefly for 4the benefit of capital and corpora-
tions-in the construction of Railroads and Ca-
staln ; bet not ione acre has ever been appropriated
: to promote the direct interests of agriculture or
the mechanic arts.
Yoursilass legislation and favoritism are of the
same tendency and character here as in England
Sand Europe, but far less excusable ; for here you
Sprofi s the doctrine of equalut. You appropriate
62U,000 to one army or naval officer for his inven-
timn of an apparatus with which to elevate and
point your cannon, and hundreds of thousands
more to enable another to experimentt" with his
invention of a submerged wheel for your war stea-
mers. But, on the other hand, two poor bat in-
genious mechanics-Wrightand Blanchard--have
been literally robbed and plundered of the two
most useful and beautiful inventions of the day.-
You appropriate 620,o00 to one professor to en-
able" him to "experiment" wtih and pe-fect his
invention of the electron magnetic telegraph, and
n20,000 more to another:-and a Governsmentolcer,
also--for ezperimeit with his eectrn magnetic en-
gine. But when the destitute mechanic and in-
venter makes his appearance-having expended
his last farthing and the toil of years to perfect his
invention-he is referred to the Patent Office for
the only favors and privileges to be obtained.-
fhere'after having paid the fee of thirty dollars,
which, perhaps, he has borrowed, and one-third of
....- ..' which he must forfeit, be is informed that his ape-
-tf."'.'cification and claim are informal, that his draw-
!jE-<."-f'lngi and model are insufficient; that he must em-
:r-'."<:'t Jploy a patent-agent" to perfect his papers and
'* drawings, and a model maker te construct a new
model He bha no more money for these purposes,
but he has good sense. He inquires what has been
done with the immense fund which must have
accumulated from the sums paid into the office by
inventors. Is no part of it appropriated to employ
persons to draft papers and drawings forthose
who cannot do it themselves ? He is answered
no ; andsis informed that up to 1st January, 1849,
a purple fund had accumulated to the amount of
8916,468, a small psrtof which would have answer-
ed the purposes mentisued. but that Congress had


higher uses for the fund, and appropriatedS8,000 of
S,..t, to pay for collecting agriculwnal statistics "-not
." . t advcmceite interests of aqricutnre, but simply
.' to collectApatistics of whattgrieulture had reach-
'ebyitflown unaided and unenevragEd energies;
one thousand dollars more for a chemical ana-
lysis of the various substances used-as food by
man and beast"-notto furnish themfoodor famll-
ties to obtain it-oh, no-but simply to analyze
what they did eat-to furnish employment and


supper for another professor, while he ascertained
for the common herd of men and beasts the quanti-
ty of gelatin, albumen, and fibrin in a beefs shank
or a p:g's foot f of gloutin and starch in a watery
potato and of prosaic acid in a red cabbage. .e
ia further informed that the whole remainder of
the fund, to tMe amount of *.T was appro-
priated, with -53 in addition, tobuildmarble
wingsto the Patent Ol'CC. not, however, forth
use of the Patent Office, or of the mechanic and
inventor-for the present building was ample for
that purpose, if in t ere devoted to it-but for the
use of the Interior Departmenut," and of a "Na-
tional Institute" or museum, in which to deposit
the bugs and lizzards, snakes, alligators, and orang-
outangs brought home by your various EXPLORING
zXPEDiTIONS !
The patent claimant suggests. perhaps, that
:his is all wrong that if no part of the fund can
be applied to lighten some of the burdens of his
class, at least the fees and deposits required
should be reduced, and no further surplus be al-
lowed to accumulate, but remain in the pockets
of the inventor. The Commissioner, however,
assures him this can never be done, and refers
him to the last Patent Report, where it is actually
recommended that the fees, deposited, and for-
feitures be increased-some of them one hundred
percent.
After having every impediment thrown in his
way, and receiving neither look nor deed of en-
couragement, the man turns away with unavail-
ing sorrow and disappointment-the anticipations
and hopes of years, perhaps of life, blasted by the
blow. He casts a furtive glance at tbe Capitol-
it is, indeed, but furtive! I He sets no hope of
favor there; he is neither an official professor,
nor a naval or army officer. He mentally muses
with himself, and wonders what crime he or his
class can have committed, that there should be
such a distinction made. He thinks of the plow,
the steam engine, the cotton-gin, power-loom, and
locomotive; he looks round upon your public
edifices, -and dwellings of ease and comfort, upon
your ships of war and commerce, upon the very
stones of the pavement at his feet, and remembers
that all were produced, constructed, or placed by
minds and hands like his. He therefore feels
more keenly the injustice of your partiality-
tastes more bitterly his own subject inferiority.
Sir, I refer to these instances and cases only to
illustrate your unjust and impolitic discrimina-
tions in favor of wealth, class, or station. J could
proceed for the day, to enumerate instances and
classes of cases to prove that the wants of the
necessitous working classes are either totally
neglected or insultingly slurred, at the same time
that the merest incidental desires of wealth and
station are cared for and gratified with the most
scrupulous politeness and promptness.
Sir, would you learn and practice the remedy?
Would yon produce content and happiness, and
render firm and secure the institutions of your
country? You must reverse your policy and
practice-turn your attention first to the wants
and necessities of the people as MAN, irrespective
of his relations to weidalth or station. Meet and
provide for these wants, "and all things else will
be added." I do uot mean by this that you should
provide by direct contribution; far from it. The
intelligent workinfgmen of the country desire no
au-h thlingt Ihiy wo-ld sc-.-rr, tihe pr-p-jailtlin -
Beside, they know tull well, and by esperien.-e,
that most of what you have to contrihute-as in
the case of the patent lund-was Trat ..-'iwo Irsm
their labor and pockets. But what [b.-y do desire,
what they d",and,. is, that you cease your class
and job legialarion that you pass ivi to operate
equally pon all, and execute them with imput
tiality that :.ey may not be starved, but may
have a fair chance in the race of enterprise But
above all, and as a means to this end, theay d.
mand that you shall no longer usurp the us.irIl
domain of the soild. and exclude them I''om ri:-t-
fat occupancy of earth, leaving them but charity
or suflberance tenants to those uphn whom y.oa
now lavish your unneeded bounty : bat that yu-
surrender it LO their free occupancy, as a means
to them of life and independcnee-secunrn?, at
least, the indispensable of f..od, raimant, and
shelter, through the exercise of their own enegies
and industry They demand% your negative acn:.n
only-that you shall not ajlireiatl'vei; ,r p,.si'i elm,
oppress them. To this they are entiile.J-thibs
they nte have. In their name I nuv tell .:.
that you muit and ,..'i' reform the Go'.ernnsrint
to this extentt; the reasons shall appear ire-
manIfest before I close. Grant i.,. ;; elurm. ani
they will never ask .-,I for contnrabuunrs
But you may say the scheme as proposed-em-
bracing Free Land, Homestead Exemptinm, and-
Land Limitation-is impractticable Sir. this Is
but the tyrant's answer to the call for reforai in
every ace. impracticable? W'hy. sir, in is not
new-it was pratcedtcentuia ies s | [3 ra Cdre,
Land Mo-opoly, was only intr,,u -ed with Sings
atid mconarchsa and its a abandonment was the
main cause of three fall of more than one ancient
republic. The vwouderof the wisest men Ias been
that it should not have been practiced through all
ages since! I will present the vsews of on- of
those, than whose the mind of no man ever ranged
more widely through Nature-I mean the great
and good St Pierre. I read from his "Stnd.ies of
Nature," No. 7. In speaking of the evils and
wretchedness occasioned bylarge landed accemu-
lations in France, he says:
."1 hIve been asionilbiEa that Lmere Id no law In Franc" to
&reeveal the unboiaded accumulato of landed pmoperl-y -
tie Rombes had eaasors, ; ho li hmited L]ute[tera of m-an'a
psDsesaicneto1 bvo n 8b Cres, ab6A ling ttiul,-TOat four UJi ut,
sistene ol One fainyiv," A, d Rome ]DuTed1iB In lunacry I
viss exiended tO Fv ntusderud i .r es0 itslaww vaLS Au-s
tlird.(e' i, Qnd t ,' in ilr nril Aun'rrd lr-3,rd i ts, raisJ'n tie
Rep.- Vie"
He might have said the same of Athens and
Sparta.
"Conquerors ha.e always met A-ith feeble retlsinre in
counuries whereproperry itsemalhydilndbJ. U,,aergro'v-
snaLies destrsoy ithe spinti paptnousm |l Ihnhe arise wh I
have eterfi-e hrnJ ard ihOds wo ha. ae n.,.g9. 'Tea s iaees
uf corn,' says Xeuophou, 'ln.pire Lha e who ri2e theam
with cornago to enfd them. The slgaof them in this held
Is asa prize aSXtnb'tied In Li3 middle of ihealage lo crowa
iBe conqlueror.'"
"Such i The danger to which excessive arcumulail-in or
properly exposeS a tate ouutwsraly, bul lh IBuin-sal miU-
chief it proaucesamoug Lracil[ldn saud on thaesiaeof lands
a not lesI to beideplUored. It is anO upon the fa.e 0' vast
dominlons, butin lthe oiaomi of rladsLry, uat the Fatner of
tanklnd pours Oul ihe precious fruiiS of tLheeartIj "
"EormoDu property causes poveny all over the kinv-
dorm. I lt many places Lere is no empl'nvmeiret I'r
the pesancydanringa great part ortbhe yeaLr; butl oha l-
silt Only on iner twret'htdun, -a,, muihh ,ms ti n,,-,,uc aeh
the rihes rq he disatriI- t- l&4h' bit."
"The distnct of Catux Is Ins most fatile country In the
world. Agriculture on ths urcat scale la there cartiae to
the bight or perfecnou, batl you f'e.d ,unil.a.sd
ehit-,e oen a heonse hand and extreme ir.'ij.rcn. osa Lie
other."
I shall not now go farther into the general prin-
ciples of this measure, bat shall content myself
with discussing, more in detail than formerly, its
practical bearings and the necessity of its adop-
tion for the safety of the country and tihe people.
It will be found far more practicable to adopt and
enforce it than to perpetuate the Republic a cent-
ury longer without it.
Its practical bearings are moat important in
their effects upon the old States which contain no
public land, and should be considered first, in
view of the objection it at ttc meoasre propocs to
take what tcleones to the itciole an I g'i'i it to a part.
This objection involves a consideration of two
questions: first, that of constitutional power-
second, that ofjuasn-ce and expediency.
The first question is easily disposed of-for, by
the Constitution itself, Congress has the express
power "to dispose of and make all needful rules
and regulations respecting the territory and other
property belonging to the United States." It is,
alter all, but a question of discretion in Congress,
to be determined by the answer to the second
question-that of justice and expediency. This,
again, must turn upon a just conception of the
compensating equivalents of the measure, consid-
ered in ns broadest view. Now it it can be shown
that there are eaiuivalents in the measure, fully or
more than compensating the old States for the
loss they would sustain by it, then the question
is settled in the alllrmative-that the measure is
both just and expedient, so far as those States are
concerned. 1 shall now endeavor to show this-
and, to do so, shall show it to be their true inter-
est to promote the production of the \Vest.
The old Northern States are, properly speaking,
not agricultural producing, but commercial and
manufacturing States. Moat of them, it is true,
engage more or less in agriculture; but they are
not, and never can be, the chief producing States.
These, forone class of products, must ever be the
inland States-mostly those of the Mississippi
Valley. The old States of the North are commer-
cial, by reason of their proximity to the .Atlantic
seaboard; they are manufacturing, because oX
their great supply of water power, coal and min-
erates; they are boAth commercial and manufa,:cur.


Lng, because both pursuits combined constitute for
them a better interest than agriculture, if their
lands were even adapted to the latter pursuit.
As to the old Biuthern States, the North and
West produce what they do not-they produce
what the North and West cannot. Each is inter-
ested, therefore, in the largest production by the
other."
Now, every commercial and manufacturingoom-
mimuity is interested in having country tributary


The practical bearing of the measure upon the
revenues of Lihe Government is of next import-
ance will repeat a truism and opinion, ex-
pressed by me on a former occasion, for the par-
pose of briefly enlarging upon it, promising, how-
Seser. that it is a little wonderful tbat it should


to it which produces largely the raw material of
its fabrics and the staples of its commerce.- I do
not use the term tributary.in its national law
sense; but in that sense onlywhiech implies a
necessity from natural causes, of dependence in
the tributary country for facilities in its main pur-
suit. In this sense we of the West-particularly
of the Northwest-are, and ever shall remain,
tributary to the Atlantic States, if we adhere to
agriculture. We must always use and pass their
channels and avenues of commercial transport in
reaching market with our surplus. In a country
producing a large agricultural surplus, neither the
greatest profit is made or sustained in the mere
production, but in the manufacture of the products
and in the carrying and barter trades connected
with them. With our tributary position, these
profits must always be monopolized by the old
States; and the greater our production, the
greater the profit thus realized by them.
Hence it is plain that the more Western
land you can put under cultivation and the more
producers you can establish there, the more you
enhance the interests of the commercial and man-
ufacturing States in the items mentioned. But,
further, you vastly increase the ability of the class
you would send there to purchase and consume
the fabrics of the North and the peculiar fabrics of
the South. If the population and production of the
West should be doubled, the mutual interests of
the North and South in all these particulars would
be doubled also; and so on, in like progressive
and corresponding proportions.
But, if the argument be still deemed fallacious,
etme testit by another generalargument. What,
sir, is it but a knowledge and acknowledgment of
my positions that have caused the Atlantic States
to vie with each other in extending their public
works toward the Western country? Can it be
possible they would have done so had there been
no West ? No, they have been and are so acting
with a view to making their works the channels
and their cities the marts of Western trade.
Would New-York and Massachusetts now, ifthey
could have rolled back upon them all their immi-
grant people, with the wealth they took away,
consent, in view of their pecuniary interests, to
see the West depopulated, and its production
stopped? Io, sir, not if you would give them to
boot the entire cost of their Western public
works in money. If there were no West, they
would have to lay up one-third of their boats and
shipping, and diminish full one-third their manu-
factures. Comparative silence would reign where
now the tireless locomotive, never resting, rolls,
and commerce floats. When the West has ad-
vanced fifty years, they would not for the sake of
their commercial and manufacturing interests, set
her back then if they could; and it would promote
their true interest to advance her in population
and production fifty years in five, if in their pow-
er. Away, then, with your petty jealousies of
the growing greatness of the West! While we
remain of the same family politic-and God grant
we may ever so remain!-our greatness is your
greatness; the prosperity of each is mutual-our
destinies the same.
[The Senate here adjourned, and on the next
day Mr. WALKER resumed as follows :]-
Mr. President, I have so far used general argu-
ments only to prove the interest which the old
'tt-:ha liiie. in iti measure before us. Butletus
tr tgures Ilie net proceeds of the public land
sales lir i i:, were 'i:9. I' 13. If this were dis-
trit .ri.1 directly to the States according to popu-
lain, New I..I,- would, receive about $143,000
only. supposing the pepulation,..-T that State to be
- '[ii'i, aihd'..-I the ni-..in ; uiiiio i. Now,assum-
in the leighit on the Erice canal fur the same year
lto avie been c,:, [rent-?r than ifr tihe year 1846,the
.down IC'Eic'ht froml Laku Erie was" ',8,830 tuns,
and the .,-ii-.r'ight In'1,u: tans, making an aggre-
gate of .- cr5 tui s l /o /1 t-e n. ,ii .Sot, alone. On
thia the State toll was twenty-.irnr cents per hun-
dred pounds, yielding to the !O'e'au 52,lt.',-i4 in
tolls only. The freight on this tannage, over and
above tt,e toll, was filteen cents per hundred
pounds, tmaine ti.C.., I'.lU more, paid to the c 'i-.
:7ns rf New. ork for Ireieht. The whole amount
ol tills c.n the E, ise canal or 16-? was $3,333,347,
aid C.-r, i tbie-other canals of the State i 2,- s ;
total d ',' -,,.i'-. 'o show that I have not over-
estimst.dr the relative proportion of Western
,:immerceto the seagregpat, I will statethat 1,431,-
- tuns were fcrwsar.Je-d in th.: same year from
Lek- Ei'c aloiae, end rcach-?. tide-water; while
only i3i,uJil trius terached ti,.,?watr i11 New-York
Iroi I all oilier quarters. No 'one can fail to per-'
ceve the- immense im[,ortnince of t lris trade to
,thbe State of New-York. notwithstanding the
WVest is vet in Iher inancr,. VWhat further New-
N,..'rk and people received from the thronging
is : I to nd iromn thie Vest. what more from
the manuiacture c- W'astirn products, ani] whlt
still n .re i-..tor the tarttr trade crcin-cted wi.Lii
tbem, here rtud o in.jre riC mrlkets cannot be
knowi, but the am--.ant manst have beeu immense
indeed. IUmmense is itr may have oeien, however,
it wild be doubled in future by doubling the pro
doction and pof-ilatius oC the \%rst
Tie same may be said, to a great extent, in re
pard to most of the Atlantic -States-c-lasing
Pennsylvinnla among them-if they will buatstrive
fur Western, trade as have New York andi Massa-
clhusetts. Can they, then, desire to retard the
growth cfthe West?7 Can such degree otffatui-
ty have seized upon them as to have rendered
them blind to the deep and perpetual interest
they hLve in settling the West with laborers and
producers, and putting her lands under caltira.
tion? Sir, if they owned those lands exclusively,
it would redound to their interest to grant them
free to actual settlement and I have nodoubt they
would do it. France did so in Louisiana: Spain
did the same in Florida and Mexico, and Mexico
the same in her intendencies.
There is, then, no argument against the mea-
sure wander consideration to be drawn from any
supposed injustice in it. It contains niot only
compensating equivalents, but remuneratig in-
ducements to the old States to yield their acquJ-
escence in its adoption.
Butyou may say you possess and can retain all
these advantages without ceding the public lands.
We are arguing a question of justice ; tAis arg--
menot sonds like one of right, based upon the
score of our 'icrrmssatmr. However, let it pass.
That yon possess these advantages I concede.
that you ian per loree retain them, I deny. But
suppose you could, is there no importance to you
in having them doubled in ten instead -.,f filry
years ? Is the annual double of S2,iiG;,iil noth.
ing to New-York as a State, compared with
1 43,000-her distributrlive share of the land sale
proceeds-and this received not directly bat inci
dental only ? But you cannot retain these ad.
vantages by your present policy. 'ou will force
es to become a manufacturing as well as an
agricultural people, when wo betide tbe com-
merce and manufactures of New York and New
England, at least so far as the West and South
shall be concerned! We have equal faculines
with you in water power, and greater In steam,
for we have cheaper combustible. Oar resources
in coal, iron, lead, copper, timber, lumber, clay
and limestone are inexhaustible. We can beat
the world in wool-growing, and are nearer than
you to the cotton region-with the broad Missis-
sippi to floet opr interchang-ing products, its con-
tributing branches-the Arkansas, Reil River,
Ohio, Wabash, lllhnois, Missouri, moil Wisconsin,
and their tributaries-winding past our every
domicil and hamlet, with railroads acd canals in
progress to unite tha whole. Ail we lack is cap-
ital, which we are fast ac'iuiring, asd shrill soo
have-the sionir ty the defeat oh this billi f,..r il
we do not by its provisions receive as population
such as desire and will be contented with smual
possessions, we will receive thuse who, lured by
the increasing valse of western lands ane re
sources, will bring capital with them, and employ
it where there is less competition, with a view to
obtaining iargr possessions. When we shallbave
enpital you will find no mean competitor in the
mighty West to manuflacturing, nor will Boston,
New.York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore find nri-
fling competitors in Charleston, Mobile, and New-
Orleans, as commercial marts. The latter is our
natural mart any how, by reason of the down-
stream navigation, without toll or storms, to her
very wharves, and the two former will be mom.W
naturally so than the Eastern cites named, when
the great central railroad from Clhicago to Mobhe,
with its branch roads, shall have been completed.
As manufacturers, too, we will be in the centre of
population and home market, while we are far
removed from competing imports, with which yoa
will have to contend after the embarransingwinh.
drawal of sour now Western and Southern
market.
It will be perceived that we may be kept eel-
eandcry, but can never be made caonpauoret tribu-
taries of the old Eastern Stares. Settle the pub-
lic lands with an agricultural people, and we re-
main the former, d-re us to marnufact-uring, and
we will neither be that nor the latter.


I


I


I


ends they have turned their attention in earnest
to the absolute rights and positive wants of man-
hind. They have determined that you shall do
the same, or surrender to those who wilL It is
for you to choose your alternative; for, as certain
an the Lord liveth, you c8aot muoh longer proGs-


not have struck the Senator from Michigan while
presenting his side of the same subject. Itis this:
"Until direct taxation shall be resorted to, the great and
Important sourceof revenue to the Governmet musttbe duo-
ties on foreign imports. Now, every one knows that the
amount thus to be received is enhanced as the number of
consumers of foreign imports is increased. Hence I con-
tend that fie revenue would be tIncreased by the policypro-
posed j for, by increasing the number of agricultural pro-
ducers, yon increase the number of import conumers. and
their ability to consume-or, In other words, their ability to
purchase for cansumptoinn. The Government, I have no
doubt, would be the gainer in her revenue after sacrificing
her receipts from the pub ic lands."
No one except the Senator will deny, I pre-
sume, that the measure would establish as pro-
ducers, within the next ten years, at least five
hundred thousand persons. Now, supposing that
by the tenth year the ability of these persons to
purchase and consume dutiable articles would be
increased but $50 each, here would be an in-
crease consumption in value of 825,000,000. The
increase of revenue from this source alonb, at the
present tariff of 30 per cent. would be $7,500,000
for the year 1861. Add to this 8836,152-the an-
nual expense of the present land system, which
would be saved to the Government-and you
have an aggregate increase of revenue for that
year alone, without estimating the intermediate
increase and saving, $8,336,152. The saving
alone for the whole period would be $8,361,520.
This is an increase of revenue, as BURKE would
say, "through the political secretions of the coun-
try ;" but the Senator from Michigan saysit is but
one part of the community paying for what is en-
joyed by the other. It looks to me a good deal like
an ample remuneration for liberal treatment and
a just policy.
Now, sir, keep your lands, and what will they
net you for the whole ten years ? Let us see:
As before stated, the net money proceeds for
1849 were $983,343. This is greater than they
will ever be again, particularly if you make the
last issue of bounty land warrants negotiable.
But take this amount, and multiply it through the
whole term, and you have but $9,833,433 eor the
entire period, compared to $8,336,152, the increase
and saving of one year alone under the measure
proposed, and the additional saving for the time,
of $7,525,368-making an aggregate of $15,861,520.
Such would be the comparative results under
our present revenue system; but if resort be
ad to direct taxation, the revenue advantages of
this measure to thd Government over the policy of
keeping the lands unproductive and untaxable
would still be great. The extent cannot be cal-
culated with certainty, but may be approximated.
Then assuming that the amount of land which
would become individual property and subject to
taxation would be only three times the amount
that would become so under your present policy,
and the amount in ten years would be about 150,-
000,000 of acres. Supposing this to be worth, set-
tled, $10 per acre, an ad valorem tax of only one
mill to the dollar or ten cents to the hundred dol-
lars would yield a revenue of $1,500,000, increas-
ing annually in amount, but diminishing in rate;
and which, added to the expense saved, $836,152,
makes an aggregate of $2,336,152, to be compared
again with $983,343 only, and that continually de-
creasing in amount to the Government. Add to
all this the vast national wealth which would be
created by the encouragement and impetus given
to agricultural production, and the pecuniary and
revenue advantages of the measure we are dis-
cussing will appear incalculable. Let one item
suffice as an example: Suppose but one fourth
of the land I have mentioned to to be cultivated
in wheat in 1861, and to produce but ten bushels
per acre-it will produce from twenty to forty-
the value of this at 80 cents per bushel, would be
THREE HUNDRED AND TWENTY MILLIONS OF DOL-
LARS And yet we have said nothing of horses,
cattle, sheep, beef, pork, wool, cotton, sugar, rice,
tobacco, hemp, flax and the variourother products
of labor and agriculture, all of which constitute a
vast source of revenue as well as of individual
comfort.
Perhaps the Senator from Michigan begins to
perceive by this time that there are two sides to
this view of the question. If not, I must notice
one other objection urged by him. It was this:
"That the measure would depreciate property
now held by States and individuals." Why, Sir,
the very opposite would be its effect. In the
country, as in the city, it is not the price demand-
ed or paid for one lot of land tham increases the
value of that adjoining'; but the improvements made
and the business done upon zt. Take the land
owner in a sparse settlement of the West, and
could you do him a greater favor than to give the
lands about him to those who would settle and
improve them ?-create a necessity for and the
means to support schools, roads, mills, workshops
and villages? Or, take the New-York and Bos-
tin Land Company, whose lands stretch across
the State of IlOirt.is, and could you benefit them
more than by settling the lands about them, and
hemming in theirs with improved farms ? The
sajei may be 6said ufrhe school and other lands .,I
the EStates. Why-. really, Sir, it I bad not known
better, I should have supposed, when the Senat.,r
S as urging ',isc objection, that he yet lived in
Jlla,, instead L. Michigan. As it is, I must think
that he has lived a very s.iperficial observer. The
property oI the noi lanilholding State would be
itcrLBsed in i value, through the increased import-
SBce of the c,:.morueiee and trade of those States,
os helore stated. Toyouofl the old States, I ra
peet. you have every inducement to yield the
nmesure under consideration. Why i/,you-wbhy
t ou wilthltLi-ld it ? It can be but fi-uni two
other consideration,. that I' ,po'itwat plier, arid
l,,i:ft of Irdrnc rr cowdivg ,our lal'onnrg popu-
/,It"..i'.,iNt 'jL- CAis FoitcC DustN THL, A','.E
UF LInB1 -, TITHE. EnRilE.1N 3ArND1aRD.
It, regard to the first of these, I again think you
reason from false premises to erroneous con.in-
sions 'YoI may lose rclatile political power
through this measure, by promoting the growth
oT the \Vest, but this is inevitable, whatever
policy you may pursue; for if the West do not
receive ynsour surplus poor and saflering popula-
tion, it will receive, though not soon, a full equi-
valent in numbers of your abler population.. If
you fear to suffer a po.,t.': loss ofpolitical power
by a diminution of your present numbers, remem-
ber this would eqiually be the case whichever
class the West might receive. But is this possi-
ble, or at least probable ? When, for the same
period of time, have you ever given off so ndany
of your numbers to people the West as since
18.10c? And when, for a like period, have you
ever increased so rapidly in population? Never.
The reason is. the natural riLchness of the I it,
developed within that time, gives reputation and
invites immigration to the wih-.'e country : which
immigration, together with your natural increase,
more than makes up your loss and usual increase.
If to accumulate and crowd a surplus laboring
population, until you hate driven it to European
want and misery, until you have forced down
wages to a European standard, be your motive
for withholding the public domain from free set-
tlement,you might as well-youhad betf r abandon
it, if)you love your country. I tellyou what you
know: this can never be done under et.s GLovorn-
me nt-it can never be done, ard 1this rcp,,iie tland
You must fuse it into a tyrannyor despotism liras.
T'han k Gitd, you have no power here, as in Eng-
land, to transport men to Van Dieman's Land for
seeking to obtain by combination a pittance 1far
their sIh.:r suotcuent to allay tbc c:ravings of na-
ture. Nor dare :ou do what Louis Philippe dl,1
in '41--send the soldiery no work in the place of
tbe carpenters who had abandoned their employ-
ment because they could not obtain for their labor
a like pittance. You know too welt the results of
thin Lim.
But it can hardly be that this is with any one an
actuating motive in brs opposition to this measure.
It would barely seem possible that an American
could desire to see hbr countrymen rendered so
wretched as to be driven to labor in the mines or
at the firga for fourteen cents a day, as in Swe-
den tbe laborer is compelled to do : or as in BRus
as, where, by the testmony of Erman, the laborer
is compelled to toil at the lorgc-s or the mines of
the Ural mountains, thirteen and a halfhours per
day, for eight and a quarter kopeks, (i'e s tian a
,,an., m if single, but with the addition of eighty
pounds of ryemeal per month i he lean ma of
l',titf wtbere the yearly wages of labor are bit
Jaour Prussian dollars / Though this is bitter,
cheerless toil to the laborer, its fruits are sweet
to tbe Russian tyrant, as they doubtless would be
to the American who might desire a similarstate
oh things at home. Those fruits are, that the Rus-
sian iron master is enable to manufacture iron, to
transport it from the U rals in boats, three thousand
miles to St. Petersburg-descending on the route
nine hundred feet, resacending again six hundred
more to the point of shipment-and to ship it
tbence four thousand diles to our shores; and
here, after pay hgaduty of thirty per cent to
undersell the American iron master, and return


at Lexicgton, will have been fulfilled. In speak-
ing of the future, he says:
The density of the population of the United States will
then be so great, there will be such reduction in the price
and value ot labor, as to render it much cheaper to employ
free than stave abor; and slavers becomingI a burden to
their owners, will be voluntarily aisposed o0; and allowed
to go free'."
And are we, then, approaching sop mournful a con-
dition in the affairs of the working clauses 1 Yen,
it is too true And as surely will we reach it, as
that other countries have, unless we use the pre-
ventive before it be too late. But before we
reach it-though it may be soon-the triumph of
oppression, accumulated wealth, and heartless
luxury, over the struggles of the destitute for food
and freedom, will have thrown this Republic, with
its liberty and glory, into the dark receptacle of
things that are no more-the past! Before this
final triumph, poverty and toil will have made
many fitful efforts for relief and to be free; but
power will gather power, and wealth increase in
wealth, till crowded want, at last worn out and
starved, must sink down in hopeless need and
servitude. This has ever beenthe resulting every
land; it will be the result in this, unless you now,
or soob, to some extent withdraw ,your cares
from the mere incidents of life, and class, and lux-
ury, and turn them to the absolute and never-
ceasing wants and demands of man and nature.-
To do this to any effect, you must secure to man
,as man a rightfulplace on earth.. Leave the great
mass dependent upon thefew for a mere charitable
tenure in the soil, and you leave them with bat a
charitable tenure in their lives or their liberties.
But allow them a certain tenure and right to its
f ossession, and they can use it for the purpose at
east for which the Creator gave it-that of inde-
pendent self subsistence. From the earth each in-
dividual can obtain, if no more, his food and rai-
ment, and on it have a home. With these he can
hurl a yeoman's defiance at petty tyranny, defend
the State, and advance the true glory of his coun-
try, while he rejoices that wealth exists to ad-
vance as well its splendor.
Who would not rejoice at so pleasing and peace-
ful a harmony in the political and social system ?
And yet it is but the consummation of true De-
mocracy-but the fulfillment of the designs of our
fathers when they declared "that Governments
were established among men to secure the abso-
lute, the inalienable right to life, liberty, and the
purtuitof happiness, with which men were en-
dowed by their CRETOR." Cementthusthe affec-
tions of the people to your Government and insti-
tutions, and the eternal pyramid stands not more
firmly on its base, than will this Republic and the
Unionstand upon their foundation.
But as things now progress arid tend, we can
console ourselves with no so pleasing contempla-
tion. We are hurrying on to a day of destitution
and dependence to the laboring multitude, and of
danger to the country, much faster than many
would suppose who suppose without reflection or
investigation. We are approaching it much niore
rapidly than the flight of time, the increase of po-
pulation, and the aggregation of land would seem
alone to indicate. Improved machinery-a great
and providential blessing in itself, under a proper
ly regulated political and social system-is now
performing labor which the most numerous labor-
ing population could not perform. True, there
is a slight compensation in the fact that this does
not consume the necessaries of life, and affords
cheaper fuel and some other necessaries to the
laboring poor irf large cities ; but if you exclude
the pour and landless from the soil, and monopo-
lize their labor elsewhere by machinery, how are
they to obtain of these necessaries even the sou-
perflux of luxury ?
In a report on manufactures, made in 1832, Mr.
Adams estimates the mechanical machinery of
Great Britain in 1815 to have been equal to the
labor of two hundred millions of persons! It will
now at least double the amount of that number,
as will also that of this country. From data fur-
nished by Mr. McCulloch, it appears that, with the
present machinery, each hand in a cotton mill
peforms more work than two hundredcould with-
out it eighty years ago. We have the testimony
of Farey and Dr. Taylor to the same purport.-
Reduce these performances to those ofindividu-
als, and you will find that the manual energies of
ten fold our present population would be unequal
to them. From this we can appreciate our rapid
increase in labor-numbers. Now, bear in mind
that this machinery works in competition with the
laborer, but rarely for him, and you will perceive
the extreme justice and necessity of allowing him
to turi fr..r sobiatence to thb.- soil, when you have
supplanted him in his labor by a machine. But
much ni-re plainly il yoin perceive this when
you reflect that, it, addilion to the other embar-
rassments of the laborer from competing ma-
chinery, you *:ompinpl him tU ., i a n ,:,,J i-xer ato.
competition, /i. i', -.: ,am ,. p'- a :r r.ute or
torr.fI' of ten to Jbrty per cent. upon is products !
Could there be a more glaring instance to show
ti.bst r.-t (-.ly are the nimerie in-.idental wants ol
: o.'/, heoldJ superior to the absolute wauts or ne-
cessities :l ,.i n, but that his very lafe'a blood
itself,or, ii rnut his blood, his bread, must be taken
to minister ito ard gratify them ?I In justice, cease
to demand tis trihbte of the laborer, or make its
payment Luptionli, by allowing him the alterna-
tie .c-f diggir.g subsistence ,iam the earth. 'lTariff
priotecitiin, i.h free land, m;gt.; be consistent, h.ot
u.ithold it. NEtEh'
But it misy be said tlihat the laborer receives an
equivalent I.r the competition el machine labor
in the reduced price at whIch ie is enabled to
purchase the pio'lucts of that laibur k.r his own
nse and consumption This would be someichar.,
trine., if it were urn also a frCt "ia' ', *.d ti ', o fF
'I.e pr cvir" mactime prod..-Is p.oduct,. a cv'ucs-
roidin, o' gnratcr rdcetiot in ie price of 'i*i ,aio,
latere. Machinery over produces, and conseqor ot-
ly its products fall. 'The machine owner :i',' net
produce without a:projit, he cain! lie idle with.
out a oss Hie therefore takes from the wages of
hi, manoonl labor, not only what will meet the fall
in manchino products, but what will leave him a
prri lit beside, arind so goes on prodcifi and re.-
during. A little struggle follows-a "strike,"
perhaps-blut hunger, and the tearful appeals of
hungry children or cof aged parents, soon bring
bacek the toiler to his scrantier crust.
Now, auir, if land be dear, what alternative has
the landless laborer in such an extremity but to
surrender his li:e or bis freedom i-but to i:,'.'-e,
or to become an ablect dependant i And land is
sure to bEcbme dear. Machinery haring driven
so many from the bench, the an ih. iand the work.
shop, to take refuge in the soil, like ever3thing
else the' soil becomes scarcer and scarcer in pro-
portion to the demand, till at last it can BO longer
he bad at living rates, for, unlike everything else
in wbich wealth is permitted to speculate. its
quality cannot be increased as the demand is
enlarged. Starvation or passive dependence is
the result to landless indstri-y, while, in the lan-
goegeof Lord John Russell." the higher classes
nd ancoe in luxury beyond measure." I he world
looks on agape, and wonders why it is so. The
true relormer-whrose vo.co is rarely heard, and
still more rarely hbeeded-may see and tell the
Cause, and point out the remedy, h-t ri- one i
hcars-rno, -nepittils Over the dirig and the
de-sd the wheel, remorse-leas, rolls along! Great
men sit sapinely by and cry Ai's well !" or con-
Si-It themselves end their country with the reflec-
tion that the fc .iturd wretchedness andJ euslas'e.
went of heir'oi 'i race are to prove the more
wretched en-,nci(pation of -noaher, nor' enslaved.
Others will sneer at truths and facts so manifest--
and whkh.h tcisy cannot refute or answer-while
they urge on labor to the brink and gulf I hav.t
mention. d, arid claim at the same rime that they
are the only liberzy-lo'ing patriots of the land.
To illustrate the effects of Land Monopoly and I
machine labor, let us advert to the history oi La-
bor in England.
By a statute of Edward 1II. passed in 13'0, the
daily wages of farm laborers were flied at lid.--
At that period wheat was worth id. per bushel.
Reapers' wages were fixed by Henry l\'. at Jd.
per day, wheat being worth 68. to 7d.per bushel,
oxen tas. to ius, and butter 3 farthings perpound.
In harvest time a laborer could pay for a pair of
shoes with a day 's labor, and with the wages of a
week could buy cloth for a suit of clothes, or with
the same could buy four bushels of wheat. At a
hIttle later period, we find the British statutes
mentioning "beef, pork, veal and mutton" as
"being the foed of the poorer sort" Now the
value of a bushel of wheat is and has long been
81 '5, while a week's wages are but about 61 93.
Beef is worth 13 cts. per pound, mutton 14 cts., a
fat sheep Slu to 61, butter 20 cts. per pound, and
cheese I4 eta. Of course the laborer can have en
comforts. "The farm laborers compelled w0 feed
his family onl potatoes and salt, a very little bread
and lard, with some scalded milk." He must toil


incessantly to preserve mere animal existence-
fir the mind or the future he can make no provis-
ion. And this is Labor's life in Britain' The
British Queen might well exclaim, with old King
Lear:
Poor. alked wretches. wheresoe'sr you sa,
Thlst bide sbe ltling of tli pitiless storm
Fjuw shall %our bhastrles heads and unfe dO Nde.
Tonr loopei aid windowedi rageodnoes.ldefed you
From seauon such al them as : I have t '
Too Ihla care of this."


Cross the channel from England, and in Ireland
the case is still worse. We have the authority
of a speech made in Parliament by Henry Grattan
for saying that there perished cia starvation over
one hundred and sixteen thousoiiJ persons during
the late famine. Nearly as many perished in the
famine of It:'e. These are some of the frightful
results of the causes I have mentioned, under the
very throne of England, and within seven days
sail of America-in a country, too, with a popu-
lation not exceeding thirty millions. while her
best authorities admit herland to be capable of
sustaining in high comfort a' population of oaw
hundred and eighty millions, if the people were
allowed to cultivate it-in a country, furthermore,
where the higher classes have advanced- in
luxuy BiyOrD MEASUR !"
If since Henry VIII. England has advanced
heyound precedent in luxury, useful knowledge,
and the arts and sciences, it has been at this
fearful expense to life and human comfort, through
an almost total neglect of the wants and necessi-
ties of her people. While machinery has usurpedi
the province of human labor, and cut off that
source of human subsistence, legislation and land
monopoly have cut off the only other-a resort to
the bosom of the earth. We are treading fast
upon her footsteps, and, under our present course
of policy, cannot long boast a happier condition
for our working poor. Still there has existed no
necessary cause in England why her laboring
population should be so wict. bed, andi much less
does such a reason exist here why ours should
ever be so. There are yet time and opportunity
to prevent it by removing the unnecessary cause
which, unremoved, must inevitably lead to it.
But hitherto your policy and practice have been
all wrong. Besides the partial and class legisla-
tion of which I have spoken, your public land
policy has been from the beginning to encourage
large landed proprietorships and speculation, and
to discourage settlement in small subdivisions for
purposes of selfsubsistence. By the ordinance
of 1787, with which you began, you required tha
Governor of the Northwestern Territory to bh an
owner of 1,000 acres of land, the Secretary 500,
three Judges each 500, eachmember of the Legis-
lative Council 500, and each representative 200C
You first ordered the lands to be sold at 42per
acqe, or half in quarter towvnships, or 5,7r;9.a.are
tracts, the other hall in sections, or i 0 acre tracts
The salt: i lril' and quarter secti;ons was not
authorized till 1804, and in half-quarter sections,
or 80-acre tracts, not until 1820, down ,to which
time the price was continued at $2. It was not
until the 5th of April, 1832, that the man with $50
only could obtain an acre of the vast public do-
main; for it was then only that the sale in quar-
ter-quarter sections, or 40 acre tracts, was al-
lowed. Even then, or the next year, you re-
quired the humble purchaser to take an oath ap-
palling in its terms. This is the oath:
"I do solemnly swear that the land is intended to be en-
tered for my personal benefit, end not In trust for another,
and that the same is intendedfor thepurpose f cultivation;
and that I have not entered under the act of 5th April, 1832.
or under the act of 2d March, 1833, at this or any otherland
office of the United States, any land tIn quarter-quarter sec-
tions In myowisinme, or in the name of any other person
-seo help me Godl'"
Surely one would have thought the country might
have spared the humble seeker of a homefor him-
self or child this last embarrassment and humilia-
tion. From him who had the- means and desire
to purchase ten thousand acres with which to
speculate upon the necessities of his FELLOW-
CITIZENS, no oath was required ; but he who pos-
sessed but 50 dollars, 'and wiho, from seeking to
expend it tbfor land, gave the best evidence ol an
intention to makeit a home, and from it obtain an
independent living, must swear, notwithstanding,
that such was his design.
It has been your practice for a quarter of a cen-
tury to appropriate land by millions of acres, in
alternate sections, to construct channelsand aven-
ues of commerce, and to make the laboring and
producing settler pay for it is the increased price
which you demanded of him for the alternates not
appropriated.
But, sir, as if all this were not enough to foster
speculation and embarrass productive industry,
you have for the last four years been running
wanton riot in your legislation to promote the
ends of land monopoly. You have issued millions
upon millions in amodat of assignable Mexican
bounty land warrants, operating, not for the bene-
fit of the soldier, but of capital, as a paper medi-
um with which to monopolize on speculation the
fairest portion of the people's heritage. As if
this were still not enough, last session you au-
thorized the issue in warrants of unknown mil-
lions more; and because you did not make these
negotiable, mad fury rages among the horde of
nig Lt-besetting, hound-tongued.agents andspeoo-
.rdtothreout hoo the land; and members, as if
'&t,.g no look to the future, are striving at this
session to cut loose this last and only socarity to
the soldier's boon, that it, too, may be coaxed or
torn fromn the hand of war worn need But above
and beyond all, as the very crowning thought of
wrong and fulIv-as if determined to plunge the
country into uassian latin bondage-some are
now entertaining, with serious complacency, the
hideous project of giving, for a few cents per acre,
6t EHiO *)NtE l'UNDtRD 1TILLIONS OF ACRE-iOONE
MN.'., to ,ro(ab" him to make a railroad '-a ter-
itory equal in extent to the States of New-York,
Pe:t ny3 I-ania. Virginia. and Delaware I
Sir if I read arght the signs of the times, the
working masses ol the people havo resolved that
y.-,a slall cbhange your policy and praeti.-e-that
you stall partly torn Sour cares from the excla-
sive tlrall of luxurious incident They are dis-
cornlEnted and unbappy Aside from present care
and went, and that sense of dependence and sub-
jection with which your class discrimination bave
depressed them, they feel and know-they can-
not clc.e their eyes to the fact-that the policy-
you re now pursuing portends a gloomier day in
tbe future for them or their children. Already,
where most crowded, the more favored are but
sable to obtain through the week what at its close
will procure the meanest comforts for their fami-
lies If sickness overtake them, or mulfortune
omime, or if for a few dsys work cannot be had,
real destitation and suffering, or insolvable debts
are the result If they would go West, to the
i.public lands-the as3 lm of refuge and distress-
arid i"c the -present eeans to make the journey,
thev have no more., or. if they have a little more,
knowing g tLbe expense and time of rutting in even
a small farm, they know thal little will be ex-
haunsted; they despair of ability to buy the land
whbcn it shall come into market. They know that
when their first stock is gone it will require all
tlheirearnings to support an increasing family;
that for some years they can lay up nothing to
save their labor and improvements from the blood-
lured grasp of the speculator. They consequently
remain where they are, tolling on to an uncertain
destiny, with no consolation from the past, few
cc.mfiorts or enjoyments for the present, and less
but more gloomy hopes for the future. They see
that machinery is last pushing them from the
stage of human labor-that already their bread,
to somc crxtent, depends upon the price of ma-
cliire products, and that price upon the amount of
tnbute or tarid they themselves are forced to pay
to kvepit up As a ubtntiute, they are offered
n0 resource in the fifteen hundred millions of the
Pulite Land. but are compelled to meet the cer-
tain., Iread teratlive of starvation, or comfort-
less dependence Sir, disguise it as you may,
there is none other [kit, unless yon soon cunceda
their right to freely doi subsistence, independ-
ence, and comfort from the earth. Lo this, and
their well.founded fears will be removed. Cease
your f'avoritism in the blessings and bounties of
Government, and Ihey will lose the sense o-f unb-
iecrt.infenority with which yoar unjust discrim-
inations have hua'ed them down
Blt, air, y',o will never do these things willing-
ly let you wilidotbem. The wHrkignnumber-
than'ks to God and the form of our Government-
hold the means to compel yoe They hold the
ballots through which you now hold power. The
means whice exalted yoa ran humble yo ; and
these means they have determined to eoploy.
They have already begun: and the results are
known, if the means of their acrampnahmout are
not. Ifyon would know what I mean. I refer you
to the elections of last Fall, held in New-York,
New Jersey, and Delaware. If you did not know
it before, you are now told tl!at Rational ReIfrmt
Democracy elected the majorities elected in those
Stats I I will tell you another truth, little as it
is known--lhal BOSATIO SisuuR 'night not
i" Gorcrno: of tie Empire State if he had not re-
maied u r'e,e negatnin vpOa the subject of human
rglhts acil necetsiterc. The working multitude
Lave been long enough depressed by false and op.
presaive practices, follosling sweet and honeyed
prefessinos-they can be deceived no longer.-
They form no party of their owe, but in combina-
non practice what they preach. They have re-
solved to save their race from slavery, sad theaw
country from worse than monarchy.. To these


w-ith wealth to revel in aussian luxury. These
are the wages and these the fruits of that system
ol toil which aneh an American-sf sueac there bet
-would impose upon gaunt and houseless paver-
ty. May Providence put far hence the sunless
dy When it shall come-and come it must as
things now tend-the prophetic words of the Sen-
ator from Kentucky, (Mr. CLAY,) in his late speech








THE NEW-YORK TRIBUNE.


acte, al you have done, the mass of America's
workmen for the unreal wants" of laxary.
Sir. do not contain this labor movement of the
people-it is naot i be coantemned. It is the same
In spirit--made manirest by works-which so
late hrrl-d LouiS Philippe rome the throne of
PraLi-e. ad drove im, exilted, to another land to
die, wLich more recently braved in Hangary the
terr.ra ocl HIussian and Aalria&n arms and p.,war.
and but lor treachery would ba'e trinmpheJ 8a 1
which as recently caused the German Principali"
ties to inaikc. and their princes to tremble on
their castlhd bights, and which will yet dash
them down. to feel the terrors of the 0a1! All
this was and will be done to gain, as a means-
but wha. Americans no 1 .. .l--h electivse frar.
rbis- Ha. log obtained il.-s. 1-,], on snpt.oi.i tl, i
Frrrchihan, the M.n,.i,. .r the. Germna in woa-l
starve, or live in p [[iaci.- aer-iolde, sim :,1",' be-
oanse electir ra, is Pa.- 1.- mast 7 1N-i Nor,
having it. wili Ani.riars d.'j e;tb.r. only because
you maN, A) the.' rio .t, wher, thI-y .-an so easily,
ar, d lit.-' bl ti or Mrugel "..r.e you from the
stage if po" e at Uo thesrcar
To rlf,-r.] y'r,U a ma ,if.sastii-.,i nf t. s heycar-
ried, in twu li 'rt m..in ,i, fr.-,m fli last adjourn-
ment. ir.r, t.-llh of tfils Urior. ty st,-,'rm. ut it
was a alrim st'.rr,-rc. v1 ,.l. ., bhayonets, no
carorm cr masketry Ti.- sa-liery were thtse
who lite b' lail,.r. arnd .. h.. ilesir. b t a.ib.r and
wages tlhat'la l. a,' liv.. Armed with ihe dr.ead-
ful ball --but drea'fiil to oJ,'o'suan c.nly-thdy
mar.h.--l ri % hat gi.lId plated c,nseriatiam tboa-iut
ie rnmpregonab]e rampart lirel but one riatind. -rvd
that scari.ely lnar.i at th.- t;me bat sm ,' ,'-f the
enemy who fell tt.ihr,,i thlit ranipirt were not
ign.rarn itf o h til hrl lti-M. I .ail, in my spie .li
of lact nai..D tlihere saliiould be a petition here at
this which A" iulJ be heete.il." Yc.,l have it in
the political results I have mcitiuncd. NClecL
the admonition if you will-but you eamnnot hac at
your pi,-l. It is a dacsth toll warning in your ear,
that ) .n. i-.U. ,
L Ua'CO i1-) .0) [iiJe WCc .] il.i-.


THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE,

NEW-YORK, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 29.

KR' Tun SPLECIl or MR. WALKER of
Wiscornsin, in the U. S. Senate, in exposi-
tion and advocacy of Free grants of Public
Lands in limited quantities to Actual Set-
z leit, is given entire in our columns this
mnorTing. Mr. Walker's views on some
questions incidentally touched in this dis-
cussion difler widely from ours, but we
have not been impelled to mutilate hisi
Speech on that account. It appears in our
columns exactly as hlie made it, and we-
wiH choose other occasions to discuss points
on which we think him mistaken. On the
great fundamental principle maintained in
this Speech-the proposition that abstract
Right, beneficent Policy, and even the lo-
Scal Interest of the Old as well as the New
States, combine to urge upon our Govern-
ment the duty of appropriating the Public
Lands in small allotments to the Landless
alone, instead of selling them, as now, to
whoever will buy them, and often to spec-
ulators and forestallers-he is not mistaken.
Mr. Walker is not a great man, but he has
planted himself on a great truth, and that
truth will certainly and we trust speedily
triumph. We ask Philanthropists of all
creeds, we ask Politicians of all parties, to
read this Speech and say whether they be-
lieve it possible to maintain our present
Land-selling System in the face of such
appeals. For our own part, we do not be-
lieve another Prer.ident can ever be elected
who is hostile to Free Land for the Settler
who claims no other Land. Ponder this
and judge if our confidence outruns rhe
popular apprehension.

Our Free Achooln.
"Private adviceas from Albany import that
there is great danger of the Repeal -f the
Free School Law unless its friends shall
save it by some compromise or othr.r that
virluially gives up the vital principle. The
prPcise foirni of such compromise is not
yet indicated, but it is apprehended that
nothing short of a return to Rate-bills and
Indigent Exemptions will satisfy, the ad-
versaries of Free Schools.
We say, then, enmpharically to the
friends of Universal Education, Stand firm !
Be beaten if you must, but do not disgrace
the noble cause intrusted to your guardian-
ship by giving it away. If you cannot
secure a majority of voles for some plaa
which preserves the great principle of
open school doors for all the children of
the State, let our adversaries take the
,* matter into their own hands and fix it to
suit themselves. Let the People see
whether their clam6r about the details of
the present law-their pretense, in so many
instances, that they were in favor of Free
Schools but opposed to this Law,'-were
honest or deceptive.
For our own part, we will cheerfully as-
sent to any modification of the present
Law which leaves undisturbed the vital
principle of Free Instruction. Our oppo-
nents may twist and turn the Tax Laws as
they see fit-they may pile extra burdens
on this City in punishment for her devotion
to Free Schools-they may impose a State
Tax, Income Tax, or any thing they please,
except a Rate-bill, with its concomitants
the Indigent Exemption. II" they insist on
sending the school-rate collector to chase
widows' hens and levy on solitary milk-
pans and water-pails, we shall insist on
being excused. The question with us is
not how large or how small the Rate-bill
may be-we protest against it in any shape.
As a property-holder, we wish the desti-
tote to feel that their children ar,; welcome
to all the advantages of our Schools, not
as a matter of favor to them. but of wise
and conservative public policy. We are
glad of the chance of paying for the
schooling of poor children rather than
they should be kept from school by
dread of the rate-bill. We wish the
poorest man's child to feel that he has as
good a right in school as the richest, and
not be exposed to the taunt that he is a pau-
per-scholar. If the ad verse interest choose
and have power to make the distinct issue
of Free Schools or No Free Schools, by


" repealing the present Law and restoring the
old systeti, let them -do it! We have
beaten them twice in fair trials before the
whole People as jury, although they had


an immense advantage last fall in the pop-
alar dissatifaction with the details of the
present Law. Let us see if we cannot
beat them harder when that advantage
6hell have been de.troyrd by their own
act.
Revolutions do not go backward-that
is, not permanently. If the Sun did once
stand still in Gibeon, and if its shadow
on the dial went back fifteen degrees
at another time, neither ever became
a habit, nor was ever likely to. A
Free State which has once enjoyed Free
Schools, even under such unfavorable aus-
pices as ours, will never rest satisfied with
any other. So if the rear-tuard of the
Dark Ages in our Legislature see fit to
throw the State backonRate-bills, and can
do it, let them! The end of the world is
not set for 1."51 according to our Almanac,
and what is lost now will be more than
made up in coming years. Stand firm!

A Vote in the Assembly.
From the Dailly Tribune of Jan. 25.
The following are the Yeas and Nays in
the Assemby of our State on the motion to
instruct the Judiciary Committee to report
on :he subject of the Compromise bills,
Slavery Agitation, the Fugitive Slave
Law, &c. on Tuesday next. The vote
Was taken on the heel of speeches by
Messrs. Varnum, A. A. Thompson. Bur-
roughs and Anthon, pressing a report and
decisive action thereon prior to the election
of United States Senator. Mr. Varnum
" wished action. He was opposed to pro-
crastination. He believed a majority of
the House were true friends of the Union,"
&c. Mr. A. A. Thompson "wished to
have this question decided before he was
called upon to vote for U. S. Senator," &e.
[Why, you dear soul! the People decided
last November that your vote should be
nothing to nobody.] Mr. Burroughs, too,
though constitutionally taciturn, was stir-
red up by the importance of the crisis to
remark:
"It Is said that one candidate for U. S. Senator is called
Fish. Before I shall be called to vote for that officer, I
want to see the platform upon which he is to be elected.
Do gentlemen wish to see doubtful men sent to that body
I hope to see no cowardly retreat on"any question2"
Now as nobody had asked, expected, de-
sired nor "called" Mr. Burroughs's vote
for the candidate who "is called Fish," it
looks very much rs though the gentleman
from Orlednits as inclined to poke his nose
into other folks' affairs. And as the per-
son called Fish "is not a Member of the
Legislature, holds nooffice, and is not even
in Albany, we don't perceive how the Le-
gislature is to increase its own wisdom with
regard to U. S. Senator by itself taking a
vote on one or another set of Resolyes con-
cerning Slavery.
One would suppose that such distinct
and repeated avowals by the minority that
they expected or hoped some party advan-
tage inthe ch' bice of a U. S. Senator from
intermediate action on this prolific subject
of Slavery would have sufficed to unite the
'Whige in favor ofchoosing the Senator hrst
and considering Resolkes afterward. Yet
the following Whigs voted to instrnitt the
Comuimittqe peremptorily to report on Sla-
very, the C0ropromise, &c. on Taesday
next:
AVES-fnI'. '--teed; s 0 Alien Eri-.?.ilUiAr-. ihLun-
Mondn],i ," cicd iLr-. BacaiuouBe I L.LD..I idl i d Erine.,t
Bies6Lh-..ne IC It.i C' ,': C ,17il[ing .i Cair.,....'i tul. g" i I a o0
CLaru ICLy.L tU.oan i0re3e.ne.i rnLZiUah'b itMoroe.i %V 3
Giegory IC ii,i, rtiLae iClty. Ryain, Cisy, Siwts O Ci n.l
VsraiumiClr.; )-Tutsill6.
D, L&,1--- ..-n"c -ble i-it .J. Alien. R Bair,.:uck. B uru .
Bowmie, BcrrourT0 r,. Bsiaoell, J. F. Cldra, Coli.I C vne-
don. Darvis. Derafiont, Doele. EldrOraln. F irra, rrern.:h.
Hanich, [Bir y.Jate, Li.si alv. laa-er. Lea. iI. L;u li i
BlauricP Misier,. E Parrm 1. r- roIrni&rr,.i R,-' Itcoil. \\
Russell. W F. Buselb. ilc2lci. k T. SaiJmn. SaLln, t ,.i-
art, Stlwell, S-ratton, A. A. 'nompis,, 0 C Tiomnpaoi.
Wriest-39.
Nies --(0rriI o -Shall (Hierkimer,i Pool iJcdi.ron.,
Coailr insd.i it)ltego I
D.i 1lA'4, -MeA-ri J V% Babeoc, Baseer. Beliinr.. J
BcLedtctl r. H BeL ctI, Bishop. Butirum, Bra!Iey. Bra,
inn Biilrs, Carrlngtloa, Cnaamaerlio, Cire.r. Do'U;laiJ.
ElLwood.-E ly. Farrl'eller, FiBs, (hoberl. ireao,.OGrunn -i,
A A Oregory, H HElrris. Lh i-lHarnr, Heai, HewtiL. Hi-,
Hoprln. Igersoji. Kellort, Lase, Lemiey. M.-Lonut. M0-
combter. ltues. 51ola Nei oe. J. L Pdrr-, RotsE. It. we.
Rt umiev. Sverc, SlPhilas. A SmIh. au]rir, l,, i3hr a,
Sneaktr. Ton-asand. Tiiinu j, tineirwood, IVar.], eln eri,
V%%e ler.lW'linltedey'eomana--5? Wigs. r.ll G60.
So Silver-Gray ism and Loco-Focoisn; to-
gether having tried their combined strength
against the regular Whig phalanx and been
beaten five, majority, the Resolves were
committed without instructions, and the
House adjourned.
As-rt o s Not VoTi.i- r-(,7. ,')--Mescra Dewey
(City.I For-iyce IMonroP,P Humphrery (.Wyoming.i Lang-
eon (Columbha,f Laggeut lSarioga, I on0 o lallegany,k
Parde e (Oniaroj aermtuan IDutchesa I-Total Vblni s
Asnsetr. ac v--l.: ,an I--blasrs Douegb'er, I Ciry,i
Horton Si Lawrernce,) Ler1 IOnondagaj, Noe-le War-
rel,) Wooeier(iHerkimer )--Total Locoa.
-Had the House been entirely full, the
majority would pretty certainly have been
larger. __' _ __
: THEEMPIRE STATE, according to
the Census Returns of 1850, now nearly
complete, contained a Population on the
1st of Jane last of nearly if not quite
3,100,000-an increase of about 650,000,
or over '25 per cent. during the last ten
years. The current estimate of 95,000 as
the new Ratio of Representation in the
House would give her 3'3 Members hence-
forth-a loss of two. We are inclined to
believe, however, that the Ratio will be
nearer 100,O0, and that our State will
have bat 31 Members in the five Congress-
es succeeding the next. .

NEw-HAM PSlI RE-~Symptem 1 r;/' C~h is.
-Rev. JOHN Ar wooD, the 'regular Dem-
ocratic' candidate for Governor, has been
writlBg another letter (his fourth, we be-
lieve,) on the subject of the Comprornise
and the Fugitive Slave Law. It ii half-
and-half, but on the whole loiks rebel-
lion' at the Peace Measures,' anrd we sus-
pect will be considered by the Hunker
leaders a fair pretext for throwing the wri-
ter overboard. Mr. Sawyer, the Whig


candidate for Governor, being likewise op-
posed to the Fagitive Slave Law, a plan
is on foot to call a new Democratic State
Convention, nominate the present Govern-
or. Samuel Dinsmore, rally the Cotton
Whigs to hia support, and elect him if pos-
sible. It looks as though there would be


a considerable spell of~ weather in New-


Ea considerable spell of weather in New-
Hampshire this Spring, and that some of
the faithful up in Coos will need to have
their hatl chalked afreAh by INaac Hill or
Frank Pierce to keep them from voting
*Fed(ral' hy mistake.

CS Mll ie, ,oia has at last chosen HENRY
S. GEYER, (Whig,) a United States Sena-
tor for six years in place of Col. T Ii oUAs
H. BENTON, superseded, after a service of
thirty years-the longest, we believe, that
any man ever served Jin the U. S. Senate
uninterruptedly. Col. Benton was the au-
tocrat of Missouri for' more than twenty
years, carrying her whithersoever he
would. In 1844, he stood by Van Buren
when the South went mad for Annexation
and insisted that Van should be thrown
overboard for opposing it. In this strug-
gle, Col. B.'s influence received a blow
from which it never recovered. He se-
cured his reelection, however, though by a
severe struggle, and disgraced himself by
voting for and thus carrying the measure
which he had most sweepingly opposed
and denounced. It was no secret that his
support of Gen. Cass was not cordial, but
he stuck to the ,iarty. But gradually the
elements of opposition in his own party in
Missouri were gathered into a mass which
his industry and influence were unable to
withstand, after he had filled their hands
with potent weapons by opposing the' Om-
nibus' of last Session. But for that oppo--
sition, we believe he would now be Sena-
tor-elect for the six years ensuing, But
for this, his old supporters and disciples
could not have been induced to vote for a
Whigto defeat him. We suspect this ends
Col. Benton's public life, though he has
already proclaimed himself a candidate for
the House from the St. Louis District at
the election of 1862.
Col. GETER, the new Senator, has not
been much if at all in public life, but is an
eminent lawyer of St. Louis of upright
character, decided talents and unwavering
Whig principles. He is the first Whig
elected from Missouri since Col. David R.
Barton.

DELAWARE-An Opposition Senator.-
Hon. JAMEs A. BATARD, Opposition, was
on Friday chosen U. S. Senator for six
years ensuing, by the Legislature of Dela-
ware, having two majority. His father, of
similar name, was a Reprtesentativ'e in
Congress from 1797 to 18i)3, and a Senator
from 1804 to 1813, when we think he re-
signed to go to Europe as one of the Pleni-
potentiaries to negotiate a Treaty of Peace
with Great Britain. His brother, Richard
H. Bayard, (Whig,) was U. S. Senator
from 1836 to 1839, and again from 1841 to
1845. He has recently been appointed
Charged to Belgium.
Mr. J. A. Bayard, the new Senator, is a
gentleman of ability arid character, and .iill
fill the polt with dignity and ,-lati'y. lHe
owes his success to two cau.'is,5 the more
irrner-diate being the noiinairiion of a Teim-
peranec Ticket in Delaware last Fall.upon
bhith about f.uar hundred viitea were
thrown araB,an'd neatly every one a Whig
Irie. This di ereiion has euabledl the ili-
ntoity to chi,-.- thei Governor, Leginlature
arnd U. S. Senato-r. (Ha'.e we n.it remain
fri oat dislike ulf third parties?)
-But a deeper cause has been for'sonic
)crBs undeinitigi the Whi aieniluaacy
in Iholawanr--naariiily, Slavery. The mass
of ih." Whiga are \vell known t ) fa.,ir
Eiancipatiori, arid a bill providing for it
wra. luIt a tev. years since bya single Whig
ruling with iall the Lico-Fncos against it.
Thlie Slavehiulding interest, like ev.ry other
ilri, ttra-e abur e aii d iniquity, take, shelter
under the guns rf the DetiocrariL' citadel.
Thus Snsaix Cooty which contains
nearly all the Slaves in the State and is
farthest away froni cities, newspapers and
other civilizing iunflOences-was formerly
the Whig strong-hold of the State, and is
now that of the Qpposition. No other
County gave a clear Loco-Foco majority in
'48 or '60. Such lanes are long, but there
6 comcs a turn in them at last. Delaware is
decidedly Whig to-day, and we presume
Mr. Bayardl knows it. -

SOUTH C.%ROLINd AND GnE'-AT BRITAIN.
-Hon. Geo. B. Mathews, late Governor of
the Bahamas, now British Consul for North
and South Carolina, hbas officially called
the attention of GoT. Means of S. C. to
the law of that State which forbids any
free negro to come within her borders, un-
der penalty oe.expatriation and ultimately
of sale as a slave if he persists in staying
or returning, and further provides that any
colored person arriving there as a seaman,
cook, or steward of a vessel, shall be lorth-
with sent to jail, and there confined until
the vessel i" ready to sail and hauled out
into thestreara, when he shall be relaimed
by his captain, who shall be required to pay
all the expenses of ils arre and JCi' i,.'
If the captain don't choose to redeem him,
the poor devil (having no business to be
I born a nigger) is left in a pretty Xiad fix.
Consul Mathews talks very mildly, but
seems to begin in meekne..s .o as not to be
under the disagreeable necessity of singing
small at the close. He tells the Governor.
however, that this enactment is directly in
the teeth of the existing treaty stipulations.
which the Federal Constitution makes the
supreme law of the landi, and trusts it will
be repealed forthwith. The Governor an-


swers with moderation, and refers the
matter to the Legislature. We cannot
judge what is the chance of favorable ac-
tion by that body; but we conclude that
the Consul does not intend to be easily dis-
couraged. By the way : a Columbia cor-


respondent of the Erening Post says the there shall bean annual appropriationforthegrad- t
following pasoa,=e wae in Gnv. Means's An- nal colonization of negroes and mulattoes and 0
final Il_-se 1-e, but stricken out on the pr.- their descendants, who are here at the adoption
1 t irf the Cosnastirutin ; afterSi0nonegroormulatto
ie t ot the Buiti-hl C',on i afureaid after t si all. asi'ce real estate except by descent; the
hcri' icir a..u110'q 1 Elic'tri-dI -, tli L,-,.Lz [i- Gentral Aasrnably to pass laws to carry outthe
tur ri.l/ ]ir.ntei.,! .-n el Sfta.'. l,.f. 'r Hear! provisi.i.ris lti, firegoing sections, if adopted by
'Duo.- Fi.l,:.r..jr'"a n 'n. =" r6...,'r- .- n '.-lac.., their pplepi Ttis article shall be submitted to a n
of aauiior., ,. ,; -.'r-;, i.ir...,n'-..L-, separate vote of the people, in this form: Exclu- t
fate of i.: .,,'.,- -rP ..n,,.i-' ..,i..i .u H....... ...-. -r sio and Colonization of a's-i,,,. and Mdallttoes, c
the qua-.L.., i.; --r -. ....- r..o ,,,,z L ,- ,
a,,re -L .-'- J.A, . r ,," ." aye or no,"which werereada firsttime and 500
'. .i i -lr. -- /" .!. I i .. -r (".- 'a- -i,,, . -.; -.,' copies ordered to be printed.
f 'r l, . l.. .. i .i -.. . *i.- r.... ... ... .. '... .. I ,_____ ^ _____ .
-".', '" .-o.-I ".".* .... *-."" T0InA-Defeat of Yulee.-The election of U.
S,- .T r Tii. t''. i1'..' '' i ...... ; .. i'', L n BS. Senator in Florida tookplace on the lthinst., I
-It will be a question with many whether three ballots having been taken on the :lth with- J'
teputingoftea boeintohis out effecting a choice. By the laws of Florida,
the putting of the above into his .\Ie--ae~e thirty votes in Joinmt Ballot (or a majority of all
or the strikingit out again reflects more dis- the Members elect) are required to choose, and
credit on the Chief of the Chivalry. We Mr. Yulee had 29 on the first two ballots; but we
think the latter. presume 'the thing was set' from the beginning
-that he should have as many votes as could be
Members of Congress-Mlleage, &o. given him without electing him and then be
A classified list of the Members of the THIRTY dropped. He had 20 Members (a majority) of the
FnIrST CONGRESS (complete), and partial account House on the first ballot, but only 9 Senators, in-
of those elected to the THIRTY-SECOND CONGRESS, eluding Mr. Moseley, Whig. The four ballots re-
will be found in the Whig Almanac for 1851. The suited as follows:
State represented by each Member, the full name it balot. Id do. 3d do. 4th do,
of each Senator and Representative, the terms of David L. Yulee-......29 29 28 23
r i, Stephen Ri..Mallory..- 31
the Members of the Senate, and the number be- Blanksephen ............. M lo 29 29 30 431
lounging to each Political Party, are comprised in The Tallahassee Floridian, though confessing
these tables. A statement of the MILEAGE OF THE mortification at the defeat of Mr. Yulee, claims
XXXIST CONGRESS (First Session) is also added, Mr. Mallory as equally hostile to the Compromise
with the names of Members alphabetically arrang- measures. Of his Loco-Focoism generally, there
ed for ready reference. is no doubt. His home is on Key West, farther
HoN. DANIEL S. DrciKINsoN-Sour Grapes- South-tban that of any man who ever sat in*Con-
greso.
SThe Democratic Members of Assembly from the -The Legislature has chosen Hon. WALKER
City of New-York, Long Island and the valley of ANDERSON of Pensacola Chief Justice, and Col.
the Hudson' (so says the Albany Argus) have A. A. Semmes Associate Justice of the Sopreniii
lately addressed a highly flattering letter to Heon. Court. One Associate to be chosen. Dinti.,t
Judges, Joseph B. Lancaster, Thomas Douglas,
Daniel S. Dickinson, our retiring U. S: Senator. Gen. J. Wales Baker and Geo. S. Hawkins-all
On looking over the signatures, however, we find incumbents but Baker. Judge Semmes is a Whig.
that Messrs. Maurice of OQueens, Davis of Ulster, Maj.JohnBeard (Opp.) andDr.Wm.R.Hayward
Babcock of Albany, and Noble of Warren, come (Whig) were chosen Controller and Treasurep
up missing, while Mr. W. Wright of Otsego, is respectively. ----
liberally included in the 'valley of the Hudson,' Congress In 1850.
while Messrs. Snell of Montgomery, Stewart of A retrospect of the Proceeding of the THIRTY-
Fulton, Wooster and Shall of Herkimer and Rider FIRST CONGRESS (First Session) during the Long
of Oneida (all much more properly classed as Session of 1849-50, is contained in the Whig Al.-
Hudson River Valley men than Mr. Wright) do manac for 1851.. The exciting and important
not seem to be on hand. The signers are four. measures which marked that period are here
teen in all, and pretty clearly intimate that if isuccinctly narrated, and the account will prove
they were e ighry l:.r they-would like to reflect useful for reference. A brief statement of the
their favorite Senator, transactions at the opening of the Second Session
Mr. Dickinson in his reply fairly admits that the in December last, is also added; together forming
grapes waved befoi e his eyes are of a decidedly a complete view of this important Congress.
acid flavor. He says:
acid flavor. He says: MICHIGAN L-The salaries of the chief dignita-
"Asthe Legislature is composed, there is no prospect ..,T c e i nia
whatever of the election of myself or any other Democrat, rnes of State in Michigan are fixed by the new
,,. b,itug Uo.0,,irs c,.l..-, e.'l,iccum-reaE-. .) i .---' '.:.i.-is Constitution as follows:
,.[11.tP. I fu,4L I f-ErncD6 W ,11I0Olne 11,-3 i'.'Of DOtL'LO prc
;', 'r ii r f, 'in" pn Governor, $1,000; Judges of the Circuit Court,
Daniel thinks he has been sacrificed by his $1,500; State Treasurer, $1,.0 0; Auditor-Gen.-
frienls in consenting to a coalition with the Barn- eral, $1,000; Superintende ,iof Public Institu-
bttions, $1,000; Secretary of State, $800; Commis-
bliring q laisin-mshor.,t that he is 'sold.' He sioner of State Land Ofice, $800; Attorney-
6S|lakS riEht :.t as follows General, $800.. No fees allowed and the salaries
ci-.or oan siwte.phe isprog,'ii c e.ea a,. .:cr-nlly not to be increased.
L,.ccEl [kr lt.], ba' irUhiL..,i iCele ll n I[.1 11 i, leu-rii Tiiir- V --l e
biiit u[" iiO I&re eih:u>L.ti. ilIc upi..ia.i imad O]-Oi,'fii.: Uniform Standard of Welahts arnd ieaaares,.
r-ct~S ir, 1h5 iLli.rnll, .i. ira, :h vi isii- L~,i' L.T.t I-' ,,',,ri Ic
fyj..ir./ 'i 'O .'nt I t^rm'. -i'. t ei.a. i'e' .- The bill establishing a uniform standard of
,..-l. i,. r,,,.r.B'..i ..'..-.'..0. na .i d.i iii, ihai,,-n Weights andMeasures, introducedinto theSenate.
LiU, a1-,Cl I U i-5 h 3"- ItCIlls,. i. CiUc.iliai~t a,,
M.it-r ai,d c I. ,.-Vein,..I.-.~le r,..o .i., of this State by Mr. BEEKMIAN, provides as fol-
to rld l. i-l a ipllicupl J... '] ,:'.,.&dU .l-:.:. Sielw. sc-. Ni, il ci. loWs
ao l i-en i E ,^El liL Al. ,' .] ,i. G I Fr.0.l Theunit or,,a.derl ne,,-rf .o limi. .,i ri.. am
d.,,u. I t -,uld 0 )E, il u s-Iua LOW A.-r-.,'i *I.. -l-'.L, 1-Io.' which all ot,r i M aU*' le t jf LeQ0 I,:-u. tlnefl r lineal, s60-
Ur i~ D n,. p Biill[,..'-ed i., ,: l, ,, d 1 I-J perficialn or ,,'-.i.], hji b. ,'e Cv.i hir0 a,- .r[tine.J, 'hb dl ri-
l. D.IIa^t-a ''..,3 L. .0llt..' 1.J1 di'.ei 'Inn 1.. Ihe stanidafd yard of the United States Government....
t ,,. Lb"- open and declared' i'-'- 'n -''" n'. The yard to be divided Into feet, Inches, i&c. The rod,
ianid.c. dibrguied but not jr-a C-i-' 1 i-14.i.6t i. pole or perch to contain five and a half yards. The
.tblisi..and by predetorminmnutica cii..J-i0L1... 0i, Si
s",o dii i,' 1 -;O. -; ,,-.,I-,11 L,' '.- =. : acre, for land measure, to be measured horizontally
L. -a,. it--L. C -,,'-f. i l..ri-.' 1 r,. u ..... ,i '..,Ij > ., ......The standard of weight to be the avoirdupois of
-|:O' i.riL... X. rj ," / l riii. . .. uy I..ii IS i,. oz and the Troy of 12 oz...... Liquid measures to be
1h'u. n,11:h i Alo 1 h.I, .1 I.; 11..I '". 1 it ,f,'1.o. "...] eief
Ii ',l,-. ir ',. '' al l i J.,,a,... .,.,.'... ','. derived from the standard gallon of 2it cuble inches
'- --.r...,., .,, r ', ,. ,-, -.. '-,, i,.',*, rI,, '......" ," ..... Measures of capacity for substances other than
i ,l 1- .. ni, j ..I.. 1.1.r I '- --', ,, Ir 'J, liquidR, to be derived front ihe atand rd h lf-.bushel.....
'\rL l'.' | In. ',n,, ." i,- '. .r.i.i.~I,. ,,H,, eaped measures are io be heaped up inathe form of a
rr,'i'.'rrti ',,cu "'"'. I ,. iI, '.I,, N ... 11J. i n, one; iheoultsideoflheb measuretobethe limitoffhehbase
f"'.106. L1- ~./L', at h,, o -I .ofshch .e11i. if" or o~h~e gptin esie orFe-Eral ,_,~erneft, abiu6.-
ar.,cilnU in LI., r l ii .i I['l il, 1 -1 e of _.u1e l n a 2\.epl.li c of1" n /s wb t, i r.m ryeo rl abuli-
T rs.Id li r' r r t Is .i. L ,.. -, L I'1..i. m an ,i r ei. of .i .c c l e |, h Ir., .i o- 1
1-.. 1, l.ir i ri l-.lii- ...h, I ....i i, . i ,. .. .. i l., corn, M IQ afi nri RhM.roid, l i.t,.U l. Ii iiC. -a'po- l 01
Dir p p..r~d ...tin iaiii'-iiil.,-.r.i, o i w-ij -..i,,a i." ii.. II.,. 'i ai-. ir, Q-ic.- r a urj Ricli. E nioid, 11 barmy if wt-l o il na-mte
lm ise Lr ,n ,d .i.,A .IY, -.. i ,..i.i.,-h 'l. i- -.,,_i.-= mai- ,lr i-ie a lo sa....The SCe-ebiyii of Sa siie l s 1 o La a
1nph[, .L '.. 'r, It , i --.r'.,' ; 'fr .; cL[nr .of 11- ts Lednard adoplt d by l1.1, I r he.iatll -
C ,,.5.Lalu elli.liu i lLni,16, ', br.d LJi I']. ,'r ,n'l 'I 'l .I--i Bide O' Lt State, t nd preiervi them il, ire-pr fnudOl i.l-
Al- 'ii.- i 'ii h ,r ,= *1,ti [,,,., .ir.-..'. .1 ,., ., I. I ,. Tre Ba atu o S ,ierVlOra 01 eacrn a rOu y ary e tD
rcii.-..fluis. l . .. .. .0,,,ll a-. ''.l -.l l ' .,'1' '.- i'.-) i,,it : .irsiu i00 nla i l l one .wena feionli me, pan-age o'
i-, G n. ..ia l-.l ii, li i, n1 L-,lI.,n,. ii,,- rn.'iiL I me .in Ths Tin-n Seaoi rs are to receive coipen.atiUon
sfl c- L .l r.i ,' tI -. - L _L I : -I L 1:.- i' r ti'ri ..-3.,i hI i-T e raie, For ePo li an-I marking
I1m'" I r iu I -I', I ....' e .'r,'-., 1.i ,.,' ,,,..- i n.rll 1.,.,i,. iti ier._i, lor n ieid[ g anul si'irlini me'a.lir-a
bibir I rjcithr r,- ,i j.'. -I c ih,-,,tr.h,,_. , .... "- ,..f i.. n~ h-r.,f t Wel M 0 oft I.,n ccanT per Yiard, D0L W eX-
rhi thln -,er I .I',ai.U r *. ul i,.oJ ui1 '. ii ii -.,-. I ., c' w.ctrlor hi y ii, .rw re. l':.r s en rgac nd m i a .n-
ina-.I si~i--rh u sd -l ci...I .~ .0 c..., ,T|l i- -...... n r. I. .n ness,- ee.isa
ci '. .'.i''l., d '.hhli.i"-,h l.'li .,, ', ,.., : ',.gi i '. ii ;r' : C r; i. ,. na.-e r Ot. fo. e6 ll0, 1 si i r.inurk ,r Ii.
I -.lnu ..r i Jn-ll1'.. i .in ,r'"al'l 1 i t- *-- a ni i" dy 1' .V16-,e.d II,:.ul kI I f 'r IJL nerb i' lure.
O1 1-----, -. i,: 1. W -' I. -' I .i.. i I .I i .n,
hr_.i .r .. , ,L'-t l- ,.U ^ ni.. i -n i,, .l. i.- .. ,,- i.Elecdtion Hiel rns.
L.iU.,' I Itl,l'li--i. ..---. ,''. .1 .....-. "-- T .-e OFt i. IAL RE[tiF N-3 ll TliE E LE.TIuI.NS of
a .1u. viii. it l -,i.o,:r-, I4 .i- .'. .'^.'ir" .... '" 1rthrno -hcut the Linion. are given as usaal in
aa ../.d i-,,,.. 'A.',.'.- -.',,,, - -.-... the Whig Almanac for le51. The. comprise not
-%We hi a.r-a r in-i.J [I.- i,. ri,'. tHle miro,:e toe'. Ih full titurnsof the r.re,,t Electioos by
cUt i, 1.l-e..Lr tl, lh, leili -I, '. I. .la l ," elt.asi C.-,greasiorial Districts and Cuunties, but
Lt crr,.i-.It hil iI. bh t i.:e 1,i.i. It.'[ I-. a i. r Abih ) s last cimprlaiicins with twu Presiderlal Elact;,sns,
n.,u Nil t. I' i o' apt.' h,-. ti.,'*i'.fr. that it !.44 era d l'4if in the same order. This convan.
,:-ll hlifil. lial l % .,. ri hr au i,.ne hlape., tnd I( nt arrangement of the Official Rleturns el the
it nims3 be as ilcl bi br,,irn to h,.u bv thE gentle Ia Electiorns forms a prominent feature of the work.
Lietirritir.-i a rilf a frilnil. We haver sr.rrcely a The tables hre prepared with greal care, ansd.] the
d.,un,. Co Inis nnriIrsi, I' molt perfect accuracy is aimed at. foe praeseot
issne comprises fell Returns 'rom all the States,
'.sa-'LHb-.T1'LT'--..Gi r. M.-Mr. Da- inclndiog California, and the Territories of New-
vie in ihe I th arid Mr. Scuaddiler in the Alexico, Utah and Oregon.
XIh DiatrioT iakeea,=l aIlilut .100 majority. '" Gnllly ouselence."
Mr. Duiican in lihe Illid ha about a Ir ,l00. HAiroso, Ci.CL Jan. 23, I11
Mr. U-)harn in the Hlid lacks 400, Mr. "-MR Bniuw- -- am stoppiog here a few days.
I awe MeMsfirts01 al 1 & Co. romemoneay rOPe leathWilrkl
Thompson in the IVth 1,400, and Mr. Al.- l ook, fii ithesstoire u J. Marcblai, no L'toU la some
It I, (Free Sill) in three Vth about 500. All yeasaaowlihoul payine for them, and i.,akaow to Mr.
S I re wM 1 i Mrcrs'L I reant hbinMr Stocktlonl )i. from New-York
2,'mrie ag querti ig lam E0 receipt ii1is13 IPe Nitt-
Ilrte will ,rubably be chosen on the next sihmenleo rnqueillns 1a recelpr IwrD ot Nem-
trial Lib a pliluraliry ote, a it i sanderstood ha did si rc ripi .If b is e serni cshe payd ra ThriT.
butlie didnbutreceipt ih lr this is eet recelpted It Till
S w" i A a inid a i' iyt Trrel'a.a tl" ofci week or ihe week Iroliowln, I Cs
tbr las will be Wn anindedl as only to re- potiuvtkis aur.itrium 'twil be thie iuel dollar hey shall
a .......l.-. toecer ira ice froci inc
uir a pl)uraliry to choose. WVe are not so t Betinoie o au to L.e an hoasie msin. his moneylt"M isl
-lit r about the VliBe rk shlre) District rer.Lriru iIo you, wltir I wlsiyou io forward to Messrs.
Sabut the V h (Berkshire) Ditrict SociloLo. I alsowlshyou tosee.hatl It it rceipLed
___________________ InA 'aTi-,Iin7h
(Govermient Approprlailons. I in-l a ssll paper or Teelh atl your denaal warehouse
SE,_A ta t f te mmnn ago, bthinD ihe dour On."e Lhe ifl, '-It oUtier
detaileid btitemntsof the gOst RNMENI AP- th~cf., Lacy beior.g to Messrs Siockion i Co or P|inladnl.
p''.:,r ris i lo5, for the current year,comprisiog the phla; some tbal I ink In irr es-
Please cey if Macar., Snerkion even renelreJ ha 9101
Civil and Diplomatic Expenses. Appropriations 5r-th him some dimearo. F amyonar.. i&e
for th War Department, Fortloatlons, the Navy, y acknowledge er OlmILT'Z CONalINoElr.
* ^ <* j i- iT~~~~r >i raei ip iaiirf dg t iirf and als~o tr Hr. Sle~t.l
etc. wll be foand ia the \Vbig Almanac for 1151. t,n, a hIs agena. ne ieceipieor iheabofaaened monsyand
This statement is compiled from the official as- paetsrc, smoanriuig ra all ic 9r2, ard ihiS Ith he recelpt
coenis, ,.onveniently arranged for reference, and isad snknowiedgmentieTalred SOLYSt UN BROWN.
Wdi prove a usslul assiasant to the general reader, SJ Broadway, Jan. .3,1 ]l.t
bO uiness ia D, or statietieian. |I llchlsnga -Pollllrs-PnbUc Sentlment.
rd ,'- .. ... i--- ---T total Conespondenae of The Trlbane
Olieo- Proi-',.':/ aid Tr.jca ,.--The total es. DE~arair. Jia It, lA'j,
timatet-l taxable value or Real Estate ra $311,- DE&ROREELgI: Politically, every aspect looks
31nd, ii, of Personal Property, S'l,,8.-7,FO' To- fair in the Peninsolar State, for the Whig cause
tal, 8.l) i,,;hi,310. \Ve presume the actual cash The result of the late Election has thrown Loco.
valoe of all the Property in Ohio is not lees than Focoism into the utmost confusron-and, by Loco-
Six Hunidred Millions ol Dollars, and, eanmating Focoism,1 mean the Cams Bankers. Theirorgan,
tie tutal Population of the Stale at Two Millioni The Fife Press, is hke a ship in a storm. without
and a Ctnarter, or Four Hundred Thousand Faro. ballast or compass, tossing abote, uncertain as to
ilies, there wonrid be an average of Sl,500 of -what course to pursue, awaiting the popular
Property to each Family. The Landsintheitsle breeze. On no subject, except the Fugitive
are valued at .6t6,i;31,103 Live Stock, 63t,4'2,. Law and the Union" party, are its views known,
1l9, Merchanits' goods, 1.519l.ie? l. The amount or yoa cannot judge from the past what it is or
of State Tax in ldIS was $l,I.!3,L"6, Road Tax, wil be. +When Gen- Cas left for Wahington,
$20j,7;a. County, School and Township Taxes, he was in the greatest trepidatibo u to what
1;,ti't.',1G, School house and other speeinl Taxes, course to pursue. The defeat of Buel. who bad
*7-il,68t: Total amount o" Taxes in the State, sacrificed himself Cor Cas, came upon the old
64,2i?7,708. G____ ___-'- general like a thunderbolt, knowing a hs did
IlKDl*iA.--R iA'< of Colored Al-.-Ia the Con- that the elections in both the other ongressional
stitutloasl Convention on the 13th inst. Mr. Kent, districts (Stuart' as well as Conger'sl werec.ar-
from the Select Committee, to which the different Led b a pledeto ar Impdefcai wi the bueh tieh
snbject in relation toinegroeneand mulattoes were "n Uhe Union party" organizations was the only
referred, reported a series of sections providing- hope of the Union. Hiv con.e simce ou been


.... --e-ae-d--y c M ...ams,'"i t. wil e ine u-
that no uegro or malatto shall eome into or settle g overed by" ireimc"Deh beeo placed by him
in this State after the adoption of this Coustitu- ure. Great reliance ha r.Wbster wa to gie to
tion cotrats ithnegres omig ito he Pon the help that Mr. Webster was to give to
tion: contracts with negroes coming into the ais ambitious views and aim. Excepting Mr.
Srotate to be void, and persons employing them, or Foote and Mr. Sou]i, the Massachusets States-
otherwiseencoaragingtheirremainingintheState, man was the only sure compatriot on which he
shall be finednotlessthanl $10 normore than *500, based any considerable reliance "for the perpe.


fity of the Union." But "changes" are going
on, andit is very uncertain where Gen. Cass wl
be found one year hence.
Excepting the dogmatisms of a Hunker clique
here, who care little for any thing but their oqwn
advaacement, (and who by the bye have a con-
troling pecuniary influence in one of the Whig
papers here,) who df,:atie. Litlcaj.hn, and many
of whori voted for Hue l, inrm a a..rt ul "Cotton"
nania, there is the most perfect good feeling be-
ween the Whigs and all who acted heartily in
concert during the late contest. They will act to-
;ether in future, despite the Hunkerism in both
parties.
The choice of Senator by the T .:.cizlal.,r c l.
Caas, but you need not b ilur.rin.ifEt Is not.
Could the election coma toii tIe 'ipl.-,Crqawould
be elected to stay at home by a very large ma-
ority. Yours, OUsE tgvER,
Vote on Free ILand. .
Monday, Jan. 20, 1851.-On motion of Mr. A.
loHNSauN of Tenn. that the rules be suspended in
favor of his motion to make the bill providing for
the Freedom of the Public Lands a special order
the Yeas and Nays were ordered, with the follow
ing result:
Yr i.--.r er,.. lt..rF..L A.J n.ler. Aueu, Arhnnun,
l .-U. t, rnI. thi n t WI. I'nti .,i,-, L j ., (I i.l,.ll D.rCi de la .
ill-C.L'hH brIWT] 1 Mr. b'' in ) *r. l |a I [",l-1, CaL-eU. Cahiee
C.l.* Ci't, er,- ['. Ili." ,. D .1' [>,jr Dri.hrn. Dur-
E.AP. K ir',hiO B rrcl ljlr, ir. .r untsQ~s
G il-.er 0.., i.. ttr, ..oII, G ril ,, I r--.n, -i,-il. Ha il -pl -a, Bir.
sar. -H nrris ol T,-r.ri h.. [-iin.i -,. H -.,vird. Howe, lB n-
ir. In', JuLLorino .-A T'--is J-lD., run nf Ara J ni, ., Julian,
Li. r. Lr: lu, Mead .,f M--i Mar. rI, '. P,,I M1 -.i,D Mai-
Icr.. M-tcCi-rrJL.ot, D *,i, ld McOsuoiay., Mei-sriann,
MrLa,,. ?-fMui.-n. M-u. r .a (o.,. Mr.ofe. Moirria. Old,.
P.:rf.lvr, Rh.i-'h '.'-, [t'-' I. llo'h"t,h,, Ruin~rrjr. Jtoe.
*.rcrr(.r. 1.-.' It %.1'n i-- 1, Wah.,r,-I. V rilW3irLii, %% hiL-
o ll t % n- V, n'.el'- ~ V [ ''1.
[M ,'r l,'!ii^ r. .ltjrr,, ,. \ ,,.-r.?I. M ivr, Bufuffa. Booth,
Bo., B ieri.inr- c.,i B..i i.,...' '..,,r, C.,jC.Jewei,
cf C.C CalcIc', L. CIS U l6 lu cv _n. cairt,-h, Coel, Corwin.
c.;oaeu, r 'l.l. U, -,itrr. ,) Lniln.Lick DOi'.,n dmianind-
-q.. El oi E..E rs. ,..I lj Er..s Olif Fowler, Freud.
l-V G-ad, Grn- '. I. i-i.,h.i"'-. i- i HnoII i rmmon..,
B ,ri.j6 Jn, Ham& ls C.- Al-r .,', i>-'. Fl-t, ard il.-nry, Uit>.
luird. H..jl dy. j.,rl...iJI Un JLrklson oI N \" Johriso
o1i J kV i.hinl.ubn, lir, -.l : .. I N J j uli A l illi 1 N YV.
Ls Sirs. LITllrht.Jt, ,,i t.i..il Kh....',, MrL.an. Mr-
IUu-frji Mcli lui e itia -. l.ti. Mle. IMulion, Mercheant
blHur.e. N..Lr.. Unrr, Ole, .,,l..r.. OAlu.. P'aer, Pets,
Pnir,. Phelp., Pl'nn.r, P..!l, P.invm. Rti-J. Reyol-le.
FtL,-e [L..,e K'lincr. ,l.TrI..:. 4-,l r i- drhotr, Seddini,
".,ll' Ir i. ii.,l,-.-, t N .1.ti.., .\ v i i% -D., Srrons Taylor,
Tl..'.. riU,,' of5 1 Mi. 7l..)i.,,.' .r P-ian TLtmel.0r. ofKy.
Tli ririal. %6ti'1.. ...i. %%ii-d,1 V-lJj, %VatLtt,
.',..Tr a N r I .i--Mrrle AlLunr,. Asdsrmon. Asbt.
Britr, B 4y. ii.-al- b. I. m lcIe-. ici .ii I .ae.I Dasaar,
Dirrir. Oi-rr, .iiirime. oio,uniw, [*.iErckei Harris of Ill.
HLeaisnd. Homee. Ilaiiu,in. H1biail, Knig, at. I1; P.
.1 [1n 11 I [l,.,el i. M, Ohl... ML,, ,rrn Motion,
uH. Il, Ogle, I'l-.ir.,x, P..li.-. S.'.. leril SimpparJ,
hi'pI-DIE, Ba.. -..lw.**. 1.ll L-noILIU, I O. 1,1'., nol -el,
-i J 'n hdu' r, i'-' 'r i, 'v OI n i '

Yens and Nnys on Florida I. S. Courts.
Washi,,glol,, I m-die'tJay, Jan. '.-On motion
of W. R. W. Coneof Ala to reconsiderthe vote
lading on the table the Senate Bill entitled "A
Bill to increase District Courts in Florida"-Yeas
and Nays as follows :
Yr,-Me.iet. Alb;Avon, Ali.xand'r, Bay, Bayly. SeBie,
Bell. Banrjsi,Blnorghamn, Bu. r,. BociCh. BiowLIn, Bold. Bre.
[I.ir, A. 0. Browl.- W' J Brown. B.eL. ChiaC, rb G A Ca.l-
lI' Ca(iapte, l.Carlrer, ,ia.C-i,', C1orhd. Cliavelalnd. Cobb,
CoUgIEr, .G.r in, Cruw.i[, i,.i..l. il'rmlcnic Disney. Doly,
Duhtium. Ourkep. A E-.-. E Ma. F,-..r,.aral.),D, owler,
-i d. Q l0 0ii..11 1-1, 1'L t r..,Ir,. itil. H.l B pto. Haral
riri .eH',rirlo 1-hnm I', Liwrl,'. %Wulll&n Hctisd, Barry
HiL. ,rDJ ..,rt.uW I H ...'-. H.,i[.er I-ie. Andrew Joiiaion,
J.,ues, Jalier,. Leanl-r, Lllrnild. JoJ Msn. Marhaill M.c-
Ciorinaia, r5IlDo.uJd, McGsu'i.oy, M.Lar-Lin.ir, MrLane,
McMuilDen. ir.inrK Millier, MliL.oa. Mirma.Morrilson.O ,is,
Orr. Our. P.iier, PIeipe. P'lman, Poiier, He.sJ, Iteynold,,
R,,l.a .i r. iR. o- a, tlrirl. Salue '.O S& the. Sprague,
Rirlbird ti S&iriiOr ti,.i.i.j. SienSi. SeLi.LOD, Siroac.
Ju.'ut. 'Trumf.rn., 'ucIL, Wn,. W, UaCle, W.hlLebey,
,V ii. ick. loi ri--'j.'
NA% A.-l;l.i k Aiet,. Ar.ddFes, Aahe, Avereii., Bakea,
B.^.. dOt,. Bai', B.lI'. Broi.k., Burrou,. Surf, Beiler,
Caldell. Cajlt.. Ciaboier, rir.i'mr.an. Ci.-ilek. Danner,
D[cuir), Di.'Ba, EdnnrniL,-,E.i EllIl Ni.ti.ai Evan, FIlch,
GteIrT, Ollbei ,it'd,, I_..,r" f, co.Id, Halloway,
S..raon V- Uan, "rir,-.mia L Harris. Haymioridl Her,
Hlllii.rd. [l..sand, Hu llu... -loinIi., -OUIODu ton, oway
.J.sepi, \V. Jj.:ar..., Vin I- Jr.-aiin James L Johnson.
R.t,.rln tV Johirinr,OtOreOtCi Iin, Jairies 0 King. John
A Il;,r,, LaL ir,...l.. in. H..ra,.e H os M-tsOD1, M ,iaioo,
Mi lleo.InFlirie M,. .-,n. M.'l.ham. Meade, Danel I,
Cli ,i. M,..ire M, rlir.-, .)Ir. N, Nica, Oul.an Peulee,
P, r.r, Por.fll, P.Lr.On, e it.Ilev, RCinwell. nhose Rum ey,
Rcu.rrnmrhori, Sedadna, Beapperd. SillNselar, paodlng,
SiElm, F P 'ianhin. Talor, J .aes T'nom'iaon, Thurnan,
Libuarhlli%. o,' Dikll, Wlaaen, Wa'hlr,sa. Wellborn. Went.
orth. %% blie. illrnms, Wuodward, and Wvright-0o.
AgW Et.i aNor uiiNG-Mesirs. Ailson, Anderson,
A6iin.un. Baer, Bl..eli. Brrki Bullard. El C Caball, Cole.
Dirxn, Dder. Dirnca.i, Futiller. Olriaiar, Orirell, tHkCkett,
BnIr,ll..n. Hmrimord, Bay. H-.,i..a.d. Karufman err Freo-
I.,, Kir. Jairica McDow.I| Mctin.een. McWilli, More-
.' o. i t-. 11. O L u".'. Pr-.:i, Pr lIX. '.,wel, Ria.h.
ar.'e.r. otFIilon, r Roi. Scenc. Shoilcran, A H SB-.
r!eG. S.,.Leieer, 'Tnornahs. Jc-.hn B. Thornpaoo. TeooibB.
ecstile, \ iDeD aU d n VoOdLIM-- -1
Yenas and Nnys In the HFoaase.
Tfbdaj, Jan. *1.-On the motion of Mr. 0. W
Juri of TTenn. to lay on the table the Bill re.
p..:.rtd by the Committee on the Judiciary, to
ir,.:r,'rese the salaries of certain Judges, the Yeas
arnd Nays were as follows.
I I&-Merirs. Aiberbeon. AIrxander, Bay, Bayly, Bell,
t-, r.-ii, Birgbbn, B.1.c8,-1. BLGL, BoIwin Boyd, BrtibLn,
J. Bros. BJ-I. Cuiia. 0 A. Caldwell. danipbell,
Chb.l CleVl.ilard.ltul.li.C.)Myer, Croweli Daniel, Dim-
i,-s. Di..r.ey Doly Dunaiir. D.ktee A.k. Eavns, Fealher-
iI. oI-ca ler. Pre dlrY, Fliler, uiidigr i.lbher,GOUaiore,
Guil,'.rer, i, f-lL, i,,-,i,]..n, Ba. ipion, -iaalcori, I 0. HBr-
r. hui'cse W F luntrir ?. W Ingr, Andrew Johnson,.
ii.e.- .hiin Left-r, Liilii-tf. J. Mann. MrebalIl.MisOD,
PIrCl'ir,-n'. It -Don .ii, Ml.:Oaugey, McLvainmo, Mc-
L.,I,- l.aillcn. K Miner, Miiton, Morris, Morriso,
Ula-. r, Oils. tii.t-i.r. P lrk, P'ltmin, Poiter, Reed, Rey.
L -,1 RTi01h1-u,-i. R.,iino. Robinslon. Rose, Rumsey,
Sackell 6Ia.a.E, damaeil, ItR H SiarLon, T. SLBecan,
ilrti,o. uoog, Tbual. Jc., b Thompuson, Waldo,
IVlii,les la .WiairlcI, Wimoi0. VounS-52
N i s--]lar.i Alian. A.l.sn, Ash, Aserasl, Boae-
Bc.,wdrn, Bowle. Brchi. Br:aA, Bro.lvik, L. 0 B-W-
Bailsoi, Burrows. BLl Bur iit e Cahelu.J P. .jaldwellJ
Chiinal]]nCil~ikCol.-u..li,C.-ii.,Cir.aln,. niier, Dicseay Dier, DuMaci. E'i',Ui1l- !' .,lo1. N. BIane, Ew-
ig. Filrn. Gentrry,.Ooodnii-.. luld. GOriell. Halloway,
6 W Hlrrir-P L Iarris, flay RH,.ynond, Henry, ib-
blrJ Hiiltard,1 18 F la.'I.A RI. H-eladay,1. E. FHolmei,
Jou.i liousilon, .. dJ. W Jarko.n J. 1 Johnson,
Kerr. 0>0i Ki.t.1 0 Kiny. .i A Rl!49-. Miln, Matte-
son, McDowell.McKl, r ,csark. McL-.an.M,,'., i"s.neliam,
Mltae. Manie. Nelson Olir, Ou.aw PIhr..",' Powell,
PulIranr, itIley, Rurk!Le6. R.)fwe, Seddes, Slas.-'. St.-
d Iy, n i r laue. Sisri, F P. talon, TaylTnir JbN"*W
Tr rnc.an., Tiurn"rn o.'.t U.,n LUderhll, Van Dyhe Via-
W., a t;.der., 'Vallrn. i'.llirnir, WVenltworri, while,
Witns. WoVodward-92
AIrwrT .a ERNO[ vi1jriyG-M'S.TI Anderenn., Anidrews,
AihoaaU. Baker, Sea'@, BIrseiI, Calvin, Oamy, Cle~irian,
Dhoni eir.Oerimn, dBlsckell -irmmond, Harlai Heo-
tsr.f, dubba=., \%V T J5akson, R. W.3Joinon. P. King.
La Uire. Levin. itcWllae. D. F Miller. Mourelleai, Morae,
Mcnunr Newell Owers, Peulee Penn, Phel]Ds. _"ot,
SchBer.Sctietrmethorri choocT. L Bherperd A[ B. aIr-
phns. Sweeter, J. R Thuompois.Tack. Veanahie, Wallise,
%['right- 41.
The Speaker gave his outing vote in the nega-
tive-so the motion was defeated.
TueAday. Jaoeary it1, l51,-On agreeing to
the amendment to the Senate bill, No. 43, entitled
"An Act to renew and continue in force the OChar-
terol the Potomac Insurance Company, of George-
town, D. C," making stockholders liable only for
the amount of stock held by them respectively;
the 'ea and Nays were as follows:
YcIs--Ieearl. Alexander, Allan. AsleOB Aahe, Bayly,
BHiue, Booth, Bowdee, Bowlp, Bowln, Breck, Brigreg,
Bruuke. Brows or Mlaa; Bullard, Burrow, BHrt, Bulier,
Cla .ll, CsidIatl Calvin. Camp bell, CarUer, hOsje,, COa-,
eiI. Cl-rkp,Clnlgnian,ColceI,.Coniser,Carwin,_Crowenl,
Dcle'ey, Dimmle, Dunass, Ellol. Evans, or lid, Biss,
orOhbi, Ewing. eaalihersr,.n Fowler Fredley,, OGeley,
OlcedlagS. OIlMberOolL Ooo'd, Ortnenl, HalLowey, Hal'p-
cen, Harris, of Ala ; tlmris. of i[1 ; Hay, Bayeond, Ha-
b.id, Henryy, Hlliard, Bounton, Eiowrl, Hows, Huler,
Inife. Jackfon, of 06- Jfactson, of H. ., Juhaluoa
J|]|BB, elrr,James0 King, Jo a A KUng, Hnneo Inn
M anrti,. Maiieeoo, McOsuiibOTMcKunaoci.,MchaMa, MB=
Que-n, McWliIle, Mnech.m Moora. Meorenewl, MortOet
N.lae. Oirr. OlIS, enadow. Perk. Pbhnl. Plusan. Reod,
Reyrolds, B liey. ltRoriwtll, Boss. Rmse.. Jr Sackel,
S.1,l!e, Beddon.Blhepped. Bl1e.ler Bpslding, Sragne.
Slani. Friderick P. Sraaeii, Bicb..rd H. ,auitmn, Sunfon,
Sri o" Tai [or JamesaThomipeoiu:lsrmar.nUdderbtl. Vanl
D; be, V'd.loe, Weide WeId.O, Wallace, walkJnr, Weal.
4N V.i -Mlessrs Ahiertins Avietr, Bay, Beale, BRcek,
BaRd CaI.e 015.elsod. Coba. Danlel, Damer. Doy,
Duhr8 b, okfe c.,mu.ndi.,n. Fnaler Gliore, Green,
Hall, En Jilte 'idsrslaiin. H~arla., IHarris, of TIewao.J
'lnb, Etlaid. llIoLsds. Joln se. of Tenn.4
-ar,.'." ,.Bf anrm, Ls So.. La/fi,. LtulefiId Job Maon
&t..Se McClemers. MHctUen. Meads. Miller, Morrin.
ija j'hers. Feller. PuweiL alrbar-dOn, Stobbms. Jr.
Bu"','ni O rn Ba'-e. Steers, Tholi, Jacob Tbomp.
see, Wble' ls f or t01lnrOT.--MWer_. Anderson, Andrew.,
Ai&esn". Baker Beale. B-i', Benes, Bagham, BtMel,
BrS!bi, Win. i. Brows, BHel, Caldwegl, Colets, Dtly,
Dles,'y, Diana, Duer. F1K*, Gerry., oodenow, Gorham,
Hacketl, Hamind, Holm5, Bnbaord, JaODson, GeoG.
KinV Preston Kin, Lev i, McDonald. MeLrnalihn, Me-
DoweLl Mcen "l)snel K!. Miler, Mleen, MerHills
an,, Roo dgaek. OBeuhearkor., easise, PeUn. nat-
Awl, BMLeivtnAB chfreerhori, BehoolCrafcl. iphenl.
Sweelser, John D Thompson. Tooeibs, curi, Vemnble,
W'odwei. Wetihi-t- 56.
Stale Governineut-lS8 !i
A carefully prpared Table of the irhJ .GeV"


xs r[TS of the United SBLte At the s B g*
of the year 1851, will be found i the 'WI-
manac-comprldug the fall name of the Ezen-
tire, his Term of Office, and Salary; with the
Revenue. Expenditures and State Debt of eaob
Btate The politigofthe several incaTmbent are
also indicated-rendering this statement complete
for all parposes of reference.







4

REVIEW OF THE WEEK.
COGBE8.
A spicy debate has taken place in the SNATS
on the African Slave Trade and the means of its
suppresston Messrs. CLAY, HALE and FOoTi
were the principal speakers. The Freedom of
the Public Lands has been the subject of an ani-
mated debate in the House. Mr. Vinton's motion
to lay Mr. Johnson's bill on the table, was de-
feated by a vote of 72 ayes, B0 nays-a cheer.
Ing sign of Progress. The Senate have been
discussing the subject of California Land Titles.
An informal conference of several Northern
Members of Congress. with other friends of the
protection of American Industry, was held in
Washington on Saturday evening to take into
consideration a plan suggested for the revision of
the Tariff. Appearances-indicate that a new
Tariff bill will soon be brought before the House.
A complete summary of the Congressional pro-
ceedings will be found in another column.
OOVIRNORS' MESSAGES.
The Annual Message of Gov. NKLsos Dxwzy
of Wisconsin shows a flourishingocondition efState
siafth. The Treasury and Finances are repre-
osented as in a sound condition, and the credit of
the State is retrieved from the stigma of bank-
ruptcy and placed upon a tirm basis. Theassessed
valua of taxable property in 18iu was $27,450,000;
an increase'of 02,.',00,0o0 during the year. The
rate of increase is less under the operation of the
act of the last Legislature, changing the basis of
taxable property. The Educational interests of
the State are commended to the consideration of
the Legislature. The situation and condition of
the internal improvements has received the care-
ful attention of the Board of Public Works. The
population of the State is 305,566. Apprehensions
of danger to the citizens residing north of the
Wisconsmin River, from the return of the Winne
bagoes, had been quieted by the appointment of
an agent to cofer with that tribe. The Governor
does not recommend the establishment of the
Banking system, but urges the importance of Ag-
riculture and the improvement of the Harbors of
the State. He advocates Land Reform, with
sales to actual settlers in limited quantities, atno
more than the actual cost. In relation to the af-
fairs of the Nation, obedience to the laws is urged
a an important duty of toe citizen. The Fugitive
Slave Law, however, in the opinion of Gov.
Dewey, "contains provisions odious to our people,
contrary to our sympathies, and repugnant to our
feelings." While he believes it to be constitu-
tional, he is equally clear that "the act should re-
ceive such modification as will enable the Gov.
ernment, while discharging its constitutional duty
to one party, to effectually protect the liberty of
the Freeman."
Gov. FPRNCa'S Annual Message to the Illinois
Legislature is a long document of moderate abil
Ity. The Governor steps mincingly over the broad
ground of National questions, and dismisses this
part of his effusion with a remarkably brief caution
regarding the faithful observance of the great
measures of Compromise" recognized by the peo-
ple of Illinois. The Message is silent on the Fu-
gitive Slave Law. The State is represented as in
a flourishing condition; the accruing revenue be-
ing sufficient to meet the current demands upon
the Treasury. The speedy adjustment of the
claims against the State isearnestlyrecommended.
The best feature of the Message is its advocacy of
Homatead Exemption, which is urged upon the
favorable consideration of the Legislature. The
Banking System meets no favor at the Governor's
hands. The subject of Internal Improvements is
referred to, and the prosecution of the public
works recommended. An additional grant of
lands has been made to the State by the General
Government, embracing what is commonly called
the swamp lands. The quantity of these lands is
1,883,11-2 acres. A Geological Surveyof the State
li suggested, as a means of promoting the inter-
ests of the State. Educational affairs are pros-
perous; the School Fund proper, upon which the
State yearly pays six per cent. interest, to be
distributed in the several counties for the benefit
of the Schools, amounting to 6790,120 66; and
S the yearly interest upon the same to $4-17, 407 21.
The College and Seminary Funds together,
amount to $145,578 30, beside certain lands which,
when sold, will increase this amount.
WN. H. Ross, the new Governor of Dela-
ware, was inaugurated at Dover on Toes-
day, the l21st inst. The address of the Go.
vernor on the occasion fills two and a half col
umns of the Dd.ware Republican, and about two-
thirds of it is devoted to the subject of Slavery.-
SIWth the natural instinct of sham Democracy,
Go. EL. talks as though the perpetuity of Slavery
was of more importance to the prosperity of the
State and nation than all otheranbjects combined.
Theo address refers to .'veral subjects of local
interest, and recommends the submission to the
popular vote of the people the questtiou of calling
a Convention for a revision of the State Couititu-
Sion.

MItSCELLANEOUS NEw"S.
A warrant for the arrest of Gov. Quitman of
Mississippi, for participation in the Cuban Expe-
dition, has been issued by Judge Gholson in New-
Orleans. It was to be executed on the arrival of
the U. S. Marshal, Mr. Davis. An application for
a writ of habeas corpus was contemplated, which
itln believed will be refuped.
Rev. Walter Colton, Chaplain in the United
States Navy, and formerly Alcade of Monterey,
died this residence in Philadelphia, on Wednes-
day afternoon. Mr. Colton occupied quite a high
position as a man of letters and was a worthy
gentleman professionally.
At our latest previous advices from Lake
Superior, the propeller Independence, which
left Eagle Harbor, Nov. S d, for Ise Royal
with a heavy cargo and not only her own crew
but that of the Napoleon also, had been several
days out and was supposed to be lost. We re-
joice to bear, by a private letter from the Saut,
that she finally arrived there all safe, after a tem-
pestuous voyage of several days' duration at a
later season than any vessel had ever before at-
tempted to traverse the Lake. She would of
course remain at the Sauc till Spring.
In the Massachusetts Senate, Mr. Sumner
has been chosen to the United States Senate,
though he still lacks a majority in the House. On
Thursday, the Coalition carried him within four
votes of the necessary number, but there is little
...shance that they will succeed in electing him.
'". The Legislature of Florida have passed a bill
instructing the Government to urge upon the
President of the United States the necessity of
removing the Indians, in fulfillment of treaty pro-
visions, and until this can be effected, of main-
taining a sufficient military force to meet the ex-
igencies of the cuase.
HENIr S. GafKW g. hus been elected by
the State of Misanuefas U. 8. Senator, in place


of Col. Thomas H. IBIENTo, who is superseded
after an uninterrupted service of thirty years.
Hon. JAMEs A. BArARD, Opposirion, has been
chosen U S. Senator by the Lpgislature of Dela.-
. .are. Be is son of the former Senator of the
si4me name from that State, and one of the Com.
missioners at Ghent to negotiate treaty of peace
with Great Britain. His brother, Richard H.
Bajard, was formerly U,, S. Senator, and has re,
contly been appointed'Obarge to Belgium.


whole of the real estate or the Republic is reck
oned to be worth $1,355,000,000. The revenue of
the Church amounts to $20.000,0o0o peraunum, and
the value of real estate belonging to the same in
the district of Mexico is valued at $25.000,000.


A fire broke out in Watertown, Mass. on Tes-
day last, destroying 835,000 worth of property.
BRITISH AMERICA.
S The contractors on the Atlantic and St. Law-
r rence Ralway, prohibit the use of intoxicating
r drinks on the line of the works in progress in
Canada, and think.much good haa already result-
2 ed from it.
WEST INDIEZS.
Our dates from Havana are to the 19th inst.-
There is no political news of importance. Jenny
Lind had given three concerts, the last for purt
poses of charity. The first was well attended,
the second thinly, and the third was crowded to
excess. There was a great deal of jealousy
against her, in certain quarters, and the Habane-
ros were divided in opinion as to her singing.-
The Faro ilndustrial writes in a glow of enthusi-
asm, publishing stanzas and sonnets inher praise.
She was to give only one more concert before
leaving for New-Orleans. Our correspondents
complain of the behavior of the Italian orchestra,
which purposely endeavored to injure the effectof
her singing. Her Italian songs produced more en-
thumsiasm in the audience than her Swedish bal-
lads. The Count de Pefialver intended giving a
splendid fete in her honor.
By the steamship Falcon we have accounts of
her living in superb style at a private mansion
with Mr. and Miss Barnum, just outside or Ha-
vana. She expressed the greatest satisfaction
with her trip, and it was thought that in lieu of
going' to England next Summer, when she had
concluded her present engagement, she would en-
ter into anew one and travel all over the United
States. After visiting all the notable places about
the City, she designed to leave for New-Orleans
by the Ohio. From New-Orleans she will gradu-
ally make her way back here again. The receipts
of her charity concert at Havana were divided as
follows: $1,000 to the Lying-in Hospital; l$1,000
to the Charity Hospital of St. John of God; $1,000
to the CatalanrBeneficent Society; $1,000 to the
Urseline Convent for the Education of Poor Child-
ren; and $1,000 in alms for the deserving poor.

MEXICO.
The steamer A?abam z has returned to New-Or-
leans, from her trip to the mouth of the Coatzo-
coalcos River with Major Barnard's Companyfor
surveying the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. She
brings dates from Vera Cruxz to the 6th and from
the Capital to the lst of. January. On her voyage
out, the Alabama reached Vera Cruz on the morn-
ing of Dec. 16, and was detained there until the
23d, waiting for the special permit to touch at
Coatzocoalcos, (there being no port of entry) to
arrive from Mexico. The run to the river (123
miles) was made in about 20 hours. The Alabama
crossed the bar in 12 feet water, and ascended the
river 30 miles to the native-town of Minatitlan, at
which place the river was 780 feet in width. The
town is a collection of thatched huts, and contains
between two and three hundred inhabitants, who
crowded the bank to welcome the Alabama, firing
guns and giving loud and repeated cheers. The
country in the neighborhood is represented ex-
ceedingly beautiful and fertile, rising gradually to
the west in low ridges, from the summits of which
could be seen higher mountain ranges. The
forests were full of mahogany and valuable dye
woods., Coffee, cotton, sugar, corn, together
with every variety of tropical fruits, could be
raised on the high lands in great abundance.-
Whether the completion of the contemplated
railroad across the Isthmus will stimulate the
inhabitants to commercial and agricultural ac-
tivity, is a question yet to be solved. Nature, in-
these beautiful regions, has been most bountiful;
man has remained indolent and neglectful.
Mexico was generally tranquil, the defeat of
Melendez, in Oajaca, and the capture of seve-
ral noted robbers in the State of Jalisco, hav-
ing partially quieted the troubles in those parts.-
In the city, every other sentiment was lost in the
anticipation of Arista's inauguration, which was
to come off on the 15th instant. The Liberals
have great hopes of his Administration. A per-
son bad been arrested, who, it was said, had ex-
pressed the intention of assassinating him.
In Oajaca, the rebel Melendez, taking advan-
tage of the panic crested by the Cholera, made an
attack on Tehuanteper, on the l1st of December.
The troops and populace of the place combined
and compelled him to retreat. In his flight he
burned several villages, and at last took refuge in
the thick forests of Juchitan. At the latest dates
he still lay hid. The force at Tehubantepec had
been increased to -20 men, and were ready for
another attack.
On Sunday the 15tb, the Plaza for bull-fights
which had been closed for a year, was opened
again with an audience of 6,,),)0.
Don Pedro Green has applied for the exclusive
privilege of lighting the City of Mexico with gas.
The opening of a highway across the isthmus of
Tehuaitepec is looked on with favor. The con.
sent of the Government to the treaty would
long i-ce have been obtained for the underta
king had it not been for the clause asking for
an armed force of the United States in case of
necessity to protect the works.
We learn by a private letter from the City of
Mexico that it was generally believed that Presi-
dent Arista would form the following Cabinet:-
Manuel BRobles, Ministerof War; Mariana Yafiey,
Minister of Relations; Sr. Aguirre, Minister of
Justice, Sr. Payno, Minister of the Treasury.
In Yucatan, the Indians have been renewing
their ravages Beside Tekax. they have sur-
prised and captured Bolonchen. In both of
these places they committed great depredations.
Sr. Micheltorena has resigned the command of
the army to Sebastian Lopez de Stergo. The
garrison of Bacalar, it is said, is in a very precari-
ous position.
The Senate have approved the bill from the
Chamber authorizing the Government to nego-
tiate a loan of 8400,,00 per month for the next
six months. The same have annulled the decree
of some of the States imposing a duty on foreign
tobacco.
The Special Correspondent of The Tribune
sends some interesting statistics of Mexico, which
we here give in brief: The total amount of gold
coined in the Republic, during the 18 months from
Jan. 1, 1648, to June 30, 1849, was 81,351,410; of
silver, 827,003,989; total, 828,355,405; Amount
left uncoined or fraudulently transported during
this period, 810,000,000. Prom the records of 18(4
it appears that there are 25 mines of quicksilver
in the country, producing annually from 2,000 to
0,500 quintals. The annual consumption of the
article, however, is 14,000 quintals. The copper
mines in the States of Zacatecas and Michoacan
are now worked with good results; those of Chi-
huahua are abandoned on account of the Indians.
The total product orthe mines of Mexico averages
*;,000,000 annually.
By a report presented to the Government by the
general office of contributions, the last year, it
appears that the number of estates in the country
is 13,000, the value of which is estimated at
67230,000,000, and the value of city property is es-
timated at 8633,000,oeo. The result is that the


in the House on Saturday last by 1 majority.
SMrs.Lynch is the only surviving child of Colonel
Ebenezer Grsy., o the Sixth regiment of the Con-
necticut hlne, who served in the army of the Rev-
olution. This bill provides five years' full pay, as
an equialr-et for the losses sustained by him by


the New.BampshireoLegislature had concurred
with the House in a law toconfiscate the property
of such as saw fit to unite with the Shakers, they
might have bad good cause to seek a better clime.
But as the House failed toget suchconcurrence,
no such idea as removal isentertained. 1 am the
friend oftr-th H. L EsxDs.


The whole of the real estate of the district is
valued at $50,000,000.
The number of Political and Literary peri-
odicals in Mexico, is 54, of which 11 are published
in the capital, 5 in Vera Cruz, and 5 in Yucatan.
The Grand Fair of San Juan de los Lagos was
slimly attended, not more than two thirds as many
persons being present, as last year. The cause of
this was the failure of the crops in the interior,
which prevented many of the traders from at-
tending.
A periodical called El Aguia (The Eagle),
was about to be started in San Juan, for the pur-
pose of keeping up the annual Fair.
Josd Gonzalez Echeverria has been chosen Go-
vernor of the State of Zacatecas. Don Juan N.
Urquidi has been named Governor ad interim of
Chihuahua, in place of Angel Trias.
According to official documents, under the treaty
of Gaudalupe Hidalgo, 1,551 inhabitants of New
Mexico have left that territory and settled in
Mexico.
The State of Chihuahua stops the pay of its
Deputies when they are absent from their posts;
a very good plan to secure punctual attendance.
It appears that there died of cholera in Vera
Cruz 989 persons; in Jalapa, 2,287; in Coatepec,
790; in Misanta, 457; in Orizaba, 2,811; in Cor-
dova,512; inTuxtias, 500; inCosomaloapan, 300.
Total, 8,646. All these places are in the State of
Vera Cruz.
The Siglo has news from Guatemala to the
effect that that State had offered its intervention
to settle the difficulty between San Salvador and
Great Britain. Our latest news, it will be recol-
lected, stated that war had already broken out
between the two powers already mentioned.
SOUTH AMERICA.
We have dates from Lima to the 7th ult
There was no important news. The Presiden-
tial Election was to take place on the 20th. Gen.
Echinique and Gen. San Ramon were the promi-
nent candidates. -
We learn by recent advices from Bolivia that
the plot of Ballivian against the Government has
been entirely overthrown. His partisans, after
several ineffectual attempts, were compelled to
retire, and Ballivian, obtaining a passport for San
Juan, is supposed to have taken the road to Co-
pispo in Chili. Gen. Belm had recovered his
health, and was completely re-established in
power.
Our dates from Chili are to November 21st.
The Railroad between Valvaraiso and Santiago
is to be constructed. The Government has ap-
propriated 82,000 per month for a survey under
the direction of William Wheelwright. The state-
ments of the commerce of Chili during the last
quarter of the year ending October 31, informs us
that the total amount of imports was $2,778,666,
and of exports $2,692,279. -
The British ship Prince Albert, which sailed
from Newport on the 10th of July for California,
with a cargo of coals, was wrecked in the Straits
of Magellan on the 7th Gotobher, near Sandy Bay.
Two of the crew were killed by the Indians, and
oue apprentice was badly wounded. The remain-
derofthe crew escaped. The British bark Hope,
also went ashore at the south of the Island of
Chilo .......

CONGRESS DURING THE WEEK.
The French Spoliatiob Bill was taken up in the
SENATE on Thursday, 23d, the question being on
concurring with the vote in Committee of the
Whole, by which the llth section was stricken
out, and it was concurred in. Yeas 29, Nays 26.
Mr. BORLAND moved to amend by striking out
the words "not exceedingfive millions ofdollars,"
so as to allow payment of the full amount of claims.
but the amendment was rejected. The bill was
then ordered to be engrossed. On Friday, the.
bill was read a third time and passed. Mr.
StELPs called up the bill granting the Right of
Way and donation of Public Land to aid in the
Construction of the Railroad from Jackson, Missis-
sippi, to Madison in Louisiana. Mr. U N DCROOD
moved an amendment to extend the grant to In-
diann and Illinois, for a Railroad from opposite
Louisville to Alton, Ill. The amendment was
agreed to, alter considerable discussion, and the
bill was ordered to be engrossed.
Petitions have been presented in favor of the
Ebony Line of steamers to Africa, and of another
from Philadelphia to Brazil. Mr. SgwviRD and
others presented a number of petitions for the re.
peal ofthe Fugitive Slave Law. The credentials
of Mr. BRIGHT as Senator from Indiana for six
years ensuing were received by the Senate on
Monday. Mr. BEzToN called up the bill to pay
MAlissouri the amount of the Two Per Cent. Fund
reserved on the sales of the Public Lands; which
was debated and then postponed The bill to as-
certain and settle Private Land claims in Califor-
nia, introduced by Mr. FREMONI early in the Seas-
sion,wascalled up by Mr. GowiN on Monday. Mr.
Gwin offered a substitute, which was agreed to
in Committee of the Whole, when the bill was
reported to the Senate. Mr. BENTrN moved a
substitute for Mr. Gvir."'s substitute. All the
substitutes and the original bill were then re-
ferred to the Judiciary Committee. The Commit-
tee reported back a new bill or substitute for the
original and all the substitutes. The suject was
debated on Monday,Tuasdayand Wednesday: Mr.
BEN-roN opposing the Committee's action, and
moving tostrike out all that part of the billwhich
allows third parties to contest the issuing of the
patent by petition.
On Wednesday, amendments to the Cheap
Postage Bill were reported by the Committee,
raising the postage to five cents on unpaid letters,
striking out the provision allowing newspapers to
go free within thirty miles of their place of publi-
cation and reducing postage on magazines 50 per
cent. when prepaid, as well as the provision in-
tended to compel papers to advertise uncalled for
letters.
In the Roust, on Thursday, the bill to enable an
old revolutionary soldier to locate two pieces of
Land Scrip was passed. Mr.Joen.son ofTeun.from
the Committee on Agriculture, reported a bill to en-
courage agriculture, commerce and manufactures'
by giving to every head of a family one hundred
and sixty acres of land, provided they cultivate
the same for a certain period-which was referred
to the Committee of the Whole. Upward of forty
private bills were passed by the House on Satur-
day, in Committee of the Whole. Nothing im-
portant was done on Monday, the Bounty Land
Law having been touched upon without action
On Tuesday, the House went into Committee of
the Whole on the Deficiency Appropriation Bill,
when several amendments were made and the
bill discussed without action.
The Bill for the establishment of Reciprocal
Free Trade between the United States and the
British Provinces has been made the special order
of the day in the House of Representatives for
next Tuesday The two leading articles concern-
ed in the provisions of this bill are Lumber and
Wheat.
A bill for the relief of Charlotte Lynch, mother
of Miss Anne C. Lynch, the poetess, was passed


Panrie'g sojoruxed several yersaroad al in ttend-
snce upon ell the priciipsi hospitals, for lie wprclaJ pur.
to.'- of perl'c',i' MIIrne if m atie khzowiedge 1 f diseases or
mte ibroar and of nlie ain, sad hie is now excliusvely sU-
giged in heitr tieaunei.


I


the substitution of the commutation certificates
issued in 1783.
On Wednesday of this week Mr. JULIAN made
a speech in favorof Freedom of the Public Lands.
After this, the proposed amendment to the Defi-
ciency Bill, changing the Tariff; .was pronounced
to be out of order by a vote of 102 to 87. And,
finally, Mr. BRIGGS made a speech in favor of the
Bill establishing Branch Mints at New-York and
San Francisco.

NEW-YORK LEGISLATURE.
The Senate of this State on Thursday referred
'the Code of Procedure to a Joint Select Commit-
tee, consisting of three Senators, Messrs. Mann,
Geddes and Stanton, and five Assembly Members,
to report by the 15th of March. A bill to incorpo-
rate the Law School of Ballston Spa was passed
on the same day. Mr. MANN of Oneida proposed
an amendment of the Constitution for considera-
tion-relative to the exercise of the Right of Suf-
frage, and disqualifying all persons convicted of
Bribery, Larceny or any crime, orwho shall stake
or wager on the result of any election. The sub-
ject of Bridging Lake Champlain was made the
occasion of three Reports from the Railroad Cornm-
mittee; Mr. GEDDEs reporting adversely, Mr"
DART in favor, and Mr. OwxNs also adverse to
the Bridge, but for different reasons from those
advanced by the Chairman.
In Assembly, on Thursday, the Compromise
resolutions offered by Mr. THOMPSOn, were called
up and.debated. A motion to refer, with instruc-
tions to report on Tuesday, was lost: Ayes 55,
Noes 59. The original resolution to refer to the
Judiciary Committee wascarried.
Mr. VARNTUM of New-York offered the follow-
ing resolutions, which were laid over:
BResolved, IftheSenate concur that the Legislature of New-
York cordially responds to the patriotic sentiments and
wise counsels contained In the last Annual Message of the
President of the United States.
Rewlved, If the Senate concur, that the series of mean-
sures passed at the last session of Congresa with the
view of healing sectional difficulties, though not free from
imperfections, do yet in their mutual dependence and con-
nection, form a system of Compromise the best that could
be obtained from conflicting interests and opinions, and,
under all the circumstances, well adapted to conciliate anB
harmonize. They ought to be regarded as a settlement in
principle and in substance of the dangerous and exciting
subjects which they embrace, and as such should be ac-
quiesced in until time and experience shall demonstrate
the necessity of further legislation to guard against evasion
and asuse.
Reolved If the Senate concur, that the people of the State
of New-York are now as they have ever been,' sincerely
attached to the Union of the States- that they regard the
Constitution of the United States as the Palladium of Politi-
cal safety and prosperity. That they will faithfully adhere
to It in all its parts, execute its stipulations and maintain
and defend its compromises- and that, without reference to
the past It is their earnest desire, as it will be their effort,
that amity may be established among the States upon
firm and lasting foundations; harmony preserved in the
National Councils and our glorious Union made perpetual.
Resolved, If the senate concur, that the Governor be re-
quested to transmit a copy of these resolutions to the Presi-
dent of the United States, the Governors of the several
States, and the Senators and Representatives in Congress
from this State.
The Joint Resolutions of the Senate relative to
the appointment of a Committee to consider the
Code were concurred in. Mr. AkTHON of Rich-
mond called for the resolutions on the Compro-
mise offered by Mr. Underwood of Cayuga, but
the House refused by a decisive vote to consider
them. The bill incorporating the City of Wil-
liamsburgh was referred to the Kings Co. delega-
tion to report complete.
On Wednesday, Mr. BRADLEY, of Cayuga of-
fered the following resolution:
Whereas, Free citizens of non-Slaveholding States have
been Imprisonedby outh Carolina, in directviolation of
that clause of the Constitution which guarantees that the
citizens of each State shall be entitled to all the privileges
and Immunities as citizens of the several States, and where-
as, Congress in enacting the present Fugitive Slave laws,
have done all in their power to secure to the Slaveholder
his alleged right to Slaves, Therefore be It
Reeslved, If the Senate concur, That our Senators In Con-
gress be instructed, and ot Representatives requested, to
useall honorable means to securehe passage of a law to
prevent the recurrance of a like outrage on the rights of
citizens of the Free States, and in violation of the Constitu-
tion of the United States.
Rerotved,.If the Senate concur, That the Governor of this
State be requested to furnish each of our Senators and Re-
presentatlves in Congress with a copy of the foregoing
preamble andrb solutions. rn .
M.r.HofcTO0 of St.Lawrence,offered thefollow-
ing resolution:
Rec'l',J. I i the Senateconrur, That the Jult eresolnooni
adopted by the Legislature of thild State O the Io l of
February, Ia50, weit- a fahhbfsl ane Lrue espresate e1" thii
opinion of the people of this State, iad that ite sameopin-
In. are sl1 tnterlained. iLaid orer.i

i THE PROCErDINiS OF orHE WoMAN S
Ricr.a CorENTioO., held last October at Wor-
cester, Mass. have been fully reported and hand-
somely printed under the supervision of Mrs.
Paulina Wright Davis, the President. We hear-
tily commend this hbdndsome pamphlet to the con.
sideration of readers and thinkers, who are not
afraid of being a year or two in advance of the
popular notions and who do not think a prayer on
behalf of Five Hundred Millions of human be-
ings for rights, opportunities, development, is
'aly answered by a slur or a sneer. The noble
letters written to the Convention by many excel-
lent if not eminent men and women; the Re-
solves, Comm;ttees, List of Members, a capital
Address on Medical Education by Miss Harriet
K. Huct, &c. Ac. are all given. The pamphlet is
printed by Prentiss & Sawyer, Boston, and we
resume may be had of Fowlers & Vells, 131
Nassau-st. as we regularly look there for any good
thing which we do not know precisely where to
find - _
ALYON AT IRE WOaLD'o FAIR.-One of the
Mlionsa"at the Great Fair will no Emanuel Lyon. of 420
Broadway, weunderastand ThiLL celebrated lna-ct killer
and exterminator or rats and ilce, as Juast placed on
boaid the U 8 Frigate St Lawrence, an elegant case con-
iinlnig a vinir.er or csnlitere of his famous Magneuc
Powder, intended for exhibition at the iWorld'a Fair Dia-
iaulshed as his Invention has been by the favorable
notice (and Indeed ibhe positive Indorsement,) or the fir-L
Ch:mistalsin the United States and In Europe. there Is no
doubt that its itie to the consideration of t-en of Scienceo
wll rineeL wtl die regard on tre great Tent Croind o1r the
Worl'a Ingetnuity, skill and knowledge. It is certain that
.j.. powder is really all it is claimed to be as a means of
destroying bed-bugs, roaches, ants an any other species
of Insect a lth bhich it ia brought in contact, and It ls no
less true that II mlehbt be admlnlstered to a cBld without
producing ihe usual effects of mineral or vegetable poison.
Fuox BoLIvza.-Our latest adsices from Bo-
livia state that Ballivian, who, it will be remem-
bered, was engaged in a plot to overthrow the
present Government, bad been entirely frustrated
in his plans. His partisans in the South had ccl-
ected a force of 30 men, and sent them as the
feigned advance guard of an -army upon a town
called Camargo. Finding, however, that they
could not raise u recruits, they retired to Tucu-
man and 8alta. Ballivian, despairing of his suc-
cess, obtained a passport for San Juan, but was
supposed to have taken the road to Copiap,.-ie
Chili. Gen. Belzu had completely reestablished
himself in power, and his-health was rapidly im-
proving. ,_______
The Shaken of N. H.-TheIr Reported
Removal.
LEsaNoe, Ohio, Wednesday, Jan. 22.
To the Editor ef The 2biue.
FRIEND GREELEY : I see in your paper a state-
ment that the Shakera of New-Hampshire were
about to remove to the State of Ohio in conse-
quence of persecution. I know of only two causes
how such report could have come into circulation.
The one is, that the Shakers (so called) of New.
Hampshire have lately purchased 200 acres of
land in Groveland Towns hip, near Mount Morris
New-York, principally for the cultivation of broom
corn, as their lands and climate are unadapted to
the culture of this article. They may also raise
their wheat there, as the Genesee flats are pro-
verbial for their productiveoess of wheat. The
other reason is the fact that they have suffered
considerable malicious persecution within two
years past; and if the Senatorial department of


THE NEW-YORK TRIBUNE.


THE CITY.
Our City has enjoyed the greatest variety of
weather this Winter, ranging through all the de-
partments of the Calendar. Sunday would not
have dimmed the coronet of the loveliest May
that ever visited us. It was a true "bridal of the
earth and sky"-a visitation of soft airs and skies
without a speck, and afresh, elastic and inspiring
atmosphere, which would be welcome at any
season. The Bay was as blue and glassy as a
tropic sea; the undulating outlines of its islands
and shores were softened with a warm haze, and
the fresh, sweet breath that now and then lifted
the idle pennons of the shipping was full of prom-
ise of opening buds. As we write, however, the
City is wrapped in a cold, cheerless, rainy mantle,
as dismal as the recent sunshine was delightful.
The perspective through which we have been
looking at the possible establishment of an Opera
House worthy the metropolis of a hemisphere, is
rapidly shortening, and our hope is now little short
of a positive certainty. When we announced a
few weeks ago that negotiations were in progress
for the purchase of Stuyvesant lot bnd the erec-
tion of a magnificent Opera House thereon, we
were perfectly correct, notwithstanding the doubts
of some of our slow cotemporaries. Circumstances
have hitherto delayed the settlementof the affair,
but on Thursday it was accomplished, and the
contract signed by the two parties. Lumley is
not the purchaser, as was at first understood. Mr.
Triple was at one time in treaty for the lot, in
connection with other parties, and is now in Ha
vana for the purpose of engaging Signor Marti to
join the enterprise. It is proposed, we under-
stand, to erect, a magnificent Opera House, capa.
hible of holding six thousand persons, and by fixing
the prices at a moderate rate and securing -the
great singers of 'Europe, to give New-York an
Opera which shall vie with the vaunted houses of
London and Paris. It is a bold and grand under-
taking, but we have faith in its success.
SOur present Opera has been remarkably suc-
successful. On Tuesdaynight last Bellini's Opera
of" Romeo and Juliet" was brought out, with
Parodi as Bornomeo. Miss Virginia Whiting, a
young lady of this City, appeared for the first time
in Opera, as Juliet. She has a pleasing voice and
a very graceful manner; she was entirely sun-
cessful. Parodi's Romeo is remarkable-for our
Prima donna makes a much better man than
woman. Her movement and posturing are much
more masculine than feminine, and so boldly did
she tread the stage, that, but for her voice, it was
a clear deception.
Up to the time we write, the steamship Atlantic
has not been heard from. The anxiety in relation
to her fate is most intense, fn this City. She has
now been out thirty-two days. -Our only reliance
is that she has put into the Azores or some of the
West India Islands, in distress; but even in that
case, we ought to hear of her very soon. A day
or two ago two clairvoyants, in separate parts of-
the City, were consulted in regard to the steamer
Atlantic. The story runs that they each repre-
sented her as under sail, withher engines disabled,
and two of the engineers sick, but predicted, how.
ever, that she would arrive to-day (Wednesday.)
Two more of the unfortunate patriots of Hun-
gary have arrived in this City: Capt. EDWARD
BExvEY, who served as Adjutant to Gen. Bern,
during the war, and Col0. CLUREL KIRING; Capt.
Bervey was taken prisoner by the Russians and
carried to Kiev, on the Dnieper, where he was
detained a year. After being released, he made
his way to the Mediterranean and obtained pas-
sage to this port in an American vessel. Meas-
ures are now being taken in this City to raise
money for the relief of Kossuth, who, according to
letters received from Constantinople by Mrs.
Brown (mother of J. P. Brown, of the American
Legation in Turkey,) and by her communicated
to Count Dembinaky of this City, is in great dis-
tress at Kutahi"a. He is surrounded by the emis-
saries of Ausnrris, in continual danger of assassi-
nation, and without means to leavetheplace. He
desires to come to this country, in company with
Bathyani, Perczel and the otherexiles atKutahia.
JoHN J. AuUeBON, the great American Orni-
thologist, died on Monday, the 27th inst. at his
residence at Minniesiand, about 4 miles from this
City. He was 76 years of age, and had been ill
for the last two years.
The character and career of Mr. Audubon were
alike remarkable. Possessed of an indomitable
spirit, an energy of purpose almost unequaled, a
masterly intellect and physical powers rarely
to he found, for dpwards of forty years he
devoted himself to his favorite pursuit-the
study of Ornithology. From Labrador to the
banks of the Rio Grande, from the Atlantic
to the base of the Rocky Mountains, every
stream has witnessed his presence, and every
hill and valley awakened to the echoes of his
voice. Wherever the winged denizens of the
air were to be found, he tracked them to their
nests, followed them in their flight, studied their
habits analysed their species, and from the mighty
"Bird of Washington "-fit name for thismonarch
of birds-to the tiny humming-bird which lives on
perfume-all are portrayed in that immortal rec-
ord of his fame, "The Birds of America." In the
branch of science to which he devoted himself, he
stands like Franklin and Fulton, towering above
all American compeers.
On Tuesday eveninglast the Messrs. Beach, of
The Bun, gave a complimentary dinner at the
Astor House, to Col. Richard M.Hoe, inventor of
the Rotary Printing Prese. Among the comn-
Spany were the members of the City Press gen-
erally, with many of our most prominent print-
ers, type founders, engravers authors and paub.
lishers: speeches were made by Major NOAH,
SG. P. H. JA-Es, Esq. HooX- GAJEELT, H. 0'.
REILLY, PARK BENJAMIN, Gen. CHANDLER, Bev.
Messrs. J. P. THOMPSON, H. W. BEEcHER and
B. Hj CHeArw. The occasion was well deserved
by Mr. Hoe, and its remembrance cannot fail to
be most gratifying to him.
It is currently reported that Signorina Pa-
rodi will-not immediately leave for Europe alter
the terminationof her engagement with Maretzek,
but that she will remain a month longer, for the
| purpose of giving a few Concerts in Phuiadelphia,
Baltimore and Washington.
The Havre packet-.hip Zurich ran ashore on
Square Beach on Thursday last, hut was hauled
off the next day by the steamer Telegraph. She
is not seriously damaged, but her cargois reported
-to be somewhat injured.
A meeting of the Colored Clergymen of this City
has recommended that the first Friday in March
be observed as a general day of Fasting and
Prayer by the African race, for the purpose of
supplicating the Almighty for the Abolition of
Slavery, the true and vital growth of the Pro-
testant Church, and the spread of Education
among the colored race.

DISEASE OF THE LUSOS Auo TBaoAr.-We csll
thqattention of our readers ij the adveiernen of Dr.
Partridge of Philadelphia, in another column. tmecustom
of Phys~iiato vote thenmelves to sono dejuszt-
mintof Medicne, wlich obtains as vvemtlly in Lfaorope,
Z% a t are glad to Gird. t:iiuig groid bpdre Perfection Is
only altained bh reurr dr-tour-n toone single subject Dr


-i-


Miss Sharp. and had for several years illicit inter-
course with her. A man by the name of Charles
Edwards had lately become intimate with Miss
Sharp, which created a Jealousy on the part of
Everett, who contemplated destruction. The
evening of the murder he sharpened up a jack-
knife, and proceeded to the residence of Mr.
Campbell, where Miss Sharp was. Edwards was
also at Mr. CampbeUl's house. Everett lurked
about the house outside, watching to see if


Tribune's Special Dispatches.
The Comnpromise Roundt Robin,
WASHIsrTON, Friday eveninA Jan 24
Several of the more-rational and mod-
erate Southern Whigs refused to sign
the Compromise Pledge-Mr. STANLY of
N. C. for one. Gen. SAM HOUSTON sign-
ed, but has since scratched off his name.
SMITR.
Confentnu of Dunbar the Murderer.
f r1 ALBANY, Friday Eve. Jan. 24.
The following letter from Rev. Dr.
Beecher appears in the Evening Journal of
this afternoon:
MR. HDiToR--Dear Sir: When you asked of
me some weeks since, the truth of the rumor then
in circulation that Reuben A. Dunbar had made a
confession to me, I was not at liberty to state to
you all that then had been made known to me.
When a person accused of a great crime makes
to another a confidential communication in rela-
tion to that crime, a prudent man naturally de-
sires time to compare *at communication with
other facts, of which he may have possessed him.
self.in other ways, and of further proving the ful-
ness of the revelation and of proving the sincerity
with which it is made. Influenced solely by a
sincere desire to allay all unnecessary excitement
in the public mind and at the same time leave the
prisoner in the beat positionfor making the prepar-
ation so necessary for his future place, I have en-
tirely refrained till now of making any communi-
cation to thee public. I am now in a position and
the near approach of the day of execution would
seem to demand it of me to state a faw things
which the community, and especially those
faithful men who were called to act as jurors
upon the trial, ought to know before the final
execution of the law. On the night ofLbe 20th of
December, Reuben A. Dunbar mada to myself a
full, frank, and unqualified confession of the mar-
der of David L. Lester, and Stephen V. Lester,
on Saturday the 2sth day of September. This
confession, the details of which extends to nearly
20 letter sheet pages was taken down, and after
being twice carefully corrected and copied, wai
finally signed by him on Saturday, December
21st, and at his request, sealed and laid carefully
aside, with permission to publish after his death.
As by his written request, I have recently given
the duplicate of that confession to another person
to be given to the public at such time, and under
such circumstances as he may deem best. I am
relieved from all responsibility, in reference to the
copy thus delivered, and absolved from the promise
to preserve the secret of its existence. I am in-
formed, however, that it will be given to the pub.
lic immediately after his execution. His manner
of making the confession, hIis apparently sincere
sorrow for his enormous and unnatural crime, and
his appearance generally when subjected to the
severest tests, which it has been in my power to
apply, have left on my mind the impression that
the confession is fully and strictly true. The
prisoner devotes himself with much apparent
earnestness to the work of making a preparation
to die,-professes sincere penitence or his guilt,
and his willingness to satisaly the demands uf jus
tice by the surrender of his life. That his repen.
stance may prove sincere, and that others may be
warned by his example, is the ardent wish and
daily prayer of Yours. very sincerely.
LLIuTHia F. BECHER.
Confession of John Baham Jr.
AuBiaN, Friday, Jan. 24.
Jc.hn Baham Jr. who is under sentence of death,
and brother'of Albert Baham, who was executed
this morning, has made a full confession of all he
knows in reference to the murder of Adler to his
Counsel, and it will be published in a few days.
The general opinion is that his sentence will be
commuted.
By Telegraph to the New-York Tribune. ,
Massachusetts Senator.
BOSTOn, Friday, Jan. 2L.
At the second ballot for Senator this forenoon,
the number' necessary to a choice was 192.-
Sumner had 186 Winthrop, 168; Scattering, 28.
A motion is pending to postpone for two weeks.
U. S. Senator for Massachusetts.
BOSTON, Friday, Jan. 24.
The House, after a bitter and angry discussion,
voted to postpone the Senator question for a fort-
night. The postponement was advocated by Mr.
Cushing,ofNewburyport, and Stetson, of Brain-
tree-the latter of whom was charged by Bran-
ing of Monterey, a Loco-Foco, with being in the
payofState.st.
U, S. Senator for MAesachusets.,
BoI-TuN. Tuesdav, Jan. il
The Senate voted rva ,'or.' to day for U, S Sen.-
ator to supply the vacancy occasioned by the re-
signation of the HEon. Daniel Webster, 13 Whigs
voted for Winthrop; I" Opposition and 9 Free
Soillers voted for Bantoul. (Opp ) and *1 Free Sil.-
ers tBuckingham & lorrisonf or Stephen C.'Pbil-
lips, lFree Soil): one Opposition, one Free doil
and one Whig absent.
It is supposed that the House will concur.
U. S. Senator for Massachusets.
BOiTON, Wtdneu.it-, Jain 29.
The House will vote for a U. S. Senator for the
short term to-morrow, when Bantoul. Democrat,
will probably be chosen. Gen. Cushing and other
Hunker Democrats in the House, announced that
they should vote for Rantoul, but if he was elect-
ed, they should not feel bound to vote for Sumner.
In reply, they were told that they should bare
said so before Bontwell was elected Governor.
Another Hunker said he would not vote for Ran.
ton)i, because he was friendly to Sumner. A his-
tory of the Coalition proceedings since the Legis-
lature met, will appeanin the "C1nremonawoeVa "
to-morrow.
Election of Senator for Mislsour.
ST. Louis, Thursday Jan. 2S.
Mr. Geyer is elected. The vote was: eyer o,
Bentoe 55, Strongfellow 18, Green 2, Polk I,
Dunn 2.
Congresstonal Nomlnntions for N. nnmpshbre.
BsUac,, Friday. Jan. 24.
AMOS TucK was renominated for Congress by
the 'hig Convention at Dover, N. H. this morn-
ing, receiving 6e out of 75 votes oast.
Morrison (Opp.) has been renominated for Con-
gress in the 3d District, N. H., by 45 to 27.
Fight In the Indiana Convention.
IRDiinAPOLIS, Fridsy, Jan.24.
This afternoon a scene occurred in the Indiana
State Convention, not over creditable to that body.
The question was in relation to the appointing of
three Commissioners to revise and modify the
laws and reform the mode of practice. Many
hard things were said against the legal profession
generally, and Mr. Borey, a delegate from Posey,
who is a lawyer, said he could put his finger on
three men in the Convention who expected to be
appointed the Commissioners. Some one called
out, "name them," and a member sitting near
Mr. Rovey called out, Kent." Mr. Kent then
rose and, much excited, called Mr. Hovey a cow-
ard. Mr. Horey advanced to Mr. Kent's seatand
struck him a blow in the eye Both parties were
ordered into custody and a long expsanaton took
place amid great excitement. Apologies were
made and, by a vote of the Convention, the Re-
porters were directed to smother the whole affair.
Horrible Murder and SuicIde.
nOCFIuTZS, Meuday, Jin. 27.
A dreadful murder and the suicide of the mur-
derer took place m the town of Penfield, about
eight miles (rem this city, between 6 sad 7 o'clock
last evening. The person murdered was a young
lady of respectable family, camel' Sarah Sharpe.
The murderer's name was John Everett, the bus-
band of Urns Sharpe's sister They were found
a few yards from the house of a Mr. Campbell,
where Miss S. had been visiting. She was dis-
covered in the agonies of death, with her throat
cut from ear to ear. and near her lay Everett in
nearly the same situation, with the bloody knife
beside him. They expired on the spot. Great
excitement prevailed in Penfield, and various
rumors are afloat to account for the dreadful deeds,
but we forbear publishing them until after the
inquest, which Coroner Pulles has gone to Pen-
field to hold.
The T'rajedy at Penlaeld.
BocnEsyca, Tuesday. Jan. 3S
Coroner Pullis held an inquest upon the bodies
of Miss Sarah Sharp and John Everett yesterday
in Penfield. Everett was a brother in law of


^y











Edwardz and Miss S. were intimate. About 8
o'clock she went out the door anJ but a minute
after a scream wa heard, when Campbell and
Edwards wentonut and found Mis Sharp's throat
severed from ear to ear, and Everett in the same
condition. Everett was about 40 years or age,
and MiMs Sharp about 30. The following commu-a.
nication was round in Everett's pocket, by which
it seems be contemplated his own destruction:
" My God, Sarah could I ever believe unless I
had seen with my own eyos' never did I think
of seingyou letting such a man, so dimitatire
1mam, take my privilege thltyou have promised
me*o much! 'My God,' Sarah, J bad rather be
dead twice; he will drive me mad. You don't
know my feelings I see every motion-I see
where you parted-I see that kiss.- You made
my feelings mad, and for this I die."


THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE.


XW-YOBK, THURSDAY, JANUARY 30.


WHiG A LMANAC.-ErrOTS Correeted.-W e be
liere greater care was never taken to secure cor-
rectneos in a statistical work than in getting up
the Whig Almanac this year, yet some errors
escaped undetected in the baste of putting it to
press, which bare been discovered and .orrected
in the later editions, viz:
On p. 16, the names of Messrs. Graham and
Conrad were transposed by mistake: the former
Is Secretary of the Navy, the latter of War. On
p. 20, E. M. Ellsboury (Opp.) was carelessly in-
serted as M.0. elect from the VIIth District of
Ohio instead of Nelson Barrree, (Whig.) [See the
returns from the District correctly given on p. 59,
showing the Election of Barrere by '296 majority.]
On p. 64, the Arkansas House of Reps. was first
printed Whig 51, Opp. 24, when it should be the
reverse--a typographical mistake.-In several
cases where the returns-especially of third-
party and scattering votes-were incomplete at
first, they have since been perfected; and we
venture to affirm that no Political Manual equally
accurate and lucid was ever before issued.
.* Peii ,.Iw hrote bosuht cepuic of the earlier editioe
at the Almanac w U.lese -u| oat chu paragraoh and pasts
if on thAr re r ie that manl.

No Luck for Tariff Amnsendmaent
The strenuous effort for Tariff Amend-
ment, with a view to the restoration of
. some measure of Protection to the now de-
pressed branches of our Home Industry
was yesterday completely baffled in the
House, being ruled out of order by the
Chairman of the Committee of the Whole
and the ruling sustained by the House.
Whether that precludes success- at this
Session remains to be seen. We have
never had much hope, and have now less
than before. We have rarely known any
measure-of legislation calculated to benefit
the great body of the People that was not
pronounced out of order or else unconsti-
tutional.
-By the way, it is too bad-yes, it is
mean-for the Ere:'ing Post to set up a
cry against the disorderly and irregular
manner in which the Tariff question is
brought before the House. The organi-
zation of either branch of Congress is com-
pletely in the hands of our adversaries,
with a Southern Loco-Foco presiding and
shaping all the Committees so as not to
give the friends of Protecron the ghost of a
chance. Our friends are not permitted to
report a bill in either House ; the Loco-
Foco majorities won't report at all on the
subject of the Tariff, so as to give our folks
a chance to make minority reports : the
only chance left us is to move amendments
to such bills as are reported ; and when we
try this, we are ruled out of order and The
Post complains that we take the only
course open to us to obtain action on the
subject! If this is n't mean, then our judg-
ment misleads us.

Hope for Free Land!
On a direct motion on Tuesday to laii on
the table Mr. A.JoHNsoc.'s Free Land Bill
-made, too, by Mr. VINTON of Ohio,
whose motions carry as much weight as
any man'sin the House-the House relfused
so to dispatch it by a vote of 90 to 72-
eighteen maojoriy for FREE HoiMES! Huz-
za! To be sure, the House afterward sent
the bill to the Committee of the Whole by
a vote of nearly two to one-which, we
fear, disposes of it for the Session-yet
that is not certain. If the House can only
he brought to a direct vote upoa it, the Gill
will pass at this Session ; and by good tac-
tics the House may be brought to face it
yet. We entreat the friends of the Reform
to take Gov. Brown's substitute if they can
carry that and not the original bill-take
anything that embodies the vital principle
of Free Homes from the Public Lands to
all who need them. If beaten now, this
must be the great measure of the next (long)
Session, when the pending Presidential
Election will make the politicians particu-
larly loving to the dear People. This Re-
form can and must be carried before the
close of 1852. Courage, Reformers! and
press onward

NEw-YoRKR-Repreeatatiao in Congress.-It
is now certain that the population of oar State by
the New Census will vary very little from
3,100oo,000- probably ranging a few hundreds un-
der that amount. It is also generally conceded
that the total Representative Population of the
United States (composed of all the Free Per-
sons' and three-fifths of all other Persons ') will
range somewhere from 2,o0co,ooo to 23,300,000,
making the Ratio of Representation (the House
being inflexibly limited to 233 Members) some-
where from 96,000 to 100,000 inhabitants. Should
the Ratio, however, range as low as 95,000, our
State will probably have 33 Members after the
next Contgress, or one less than at present; should
it range between 95,500 and 98,000, we shall prob-
ably have 32 Members, should it (as we expect)
go above 98, ,O0, we shall probably have but 31
Members. Very few of the Old States hold their
own in the giant rush of population as well as
New-York does.
RHonD IsLAND.--Oen. C. T. James -A friend
who ought to know writes to assure us that Gnu.
Charles T. James of Providence, H. I. is a sound
and reliable advocate of Protection, and can do
very much for the cause if elected to the U. B.
Senate.-Without wishing to dispute our friend's
word, we must say that, whia we can very well
see how a builder of factories living in Rhode
Land sliould be on the side of Protection, we ran-
wet understand bow a sincere and intellgent Pro-
tectionist should give his influence and his votes
to the party which has twice destroyed most be-


that is what was meant, and such is the proper
construction to be put on the letter."
F' Ex-Gov. VaCEa of Ohio has been compell.
ed by paralysis and utterly failing health to aban-
don his seat in the Ohio Constitutional OCasen-
tion.


i


neficent Protective Tariffs and is to-day, through
all its accredited organs and expressions of senti-
ment, at deadly war with the principle and pol-
icy of Protection What caM a man mean who,
knowing enough to find the way to Washington,
says be is for Protection yet votes for Polk and
Cass against Clay and Taglor I Is there not a
manifest lack of principle or lack of sense involved
in such a course 7
Coaxing an Appetite.
'Boy!' said a harsh, miserly master to
his apprentice who had grown tired of bean-
soup for dinner perpetually, and begun to
mutter that it was not exactly the thing-
"if you'll say that soup is good I'll give
you a cent, and if you don't, I'll give you
a hammering-now is it good or not?"-
"Ye-e-es," whined the boy with rueful
reluctance, reaching out at the same time
for the cent; it's good; but I don't like
it." It is hard to like a thing on compul-
sion.
The more we see of the famous Congres-
sional Pledge not to vote for any man, even
for a member of the Legislature, who is
not an advocate and upholder in a lump of
the measures of the last Session, the surer
is our conviction that the move was an un-
fortunate one. Aside from the'natural re-
pugnance of human nature to approve and
support on compulsion, the moral power of
the document is much less than we had
supposed. Only forty-four out of the two
hundred and ninety Menbers of Congress
have signed it-hardly more than a sev-
enth of the whole number. The great
name of HENRY CLAY heads the list and
shields itfrom ridicule; Mr. Speaker Cobb's
signature is also of some account; the rest
are not weighty. Only five Members in
all of the great party which controls both
Houses, and just at present rules three-
fourths of the States, have signed it; and
every one of these five are Southern men,
though one of them just at present hails
from California. New-England furnishes
but one signer to the Pledge of any party;
and he voted for the Fugitive Slave Law
and is not reflected; New-York is commit-
ted by eight-less than one-fourth of her
Delegation,, of whom but two are elected
to the next Congress; Pennsylvania has
one good name there, (Senator Cooper's,)
but never another of any sort; New-Jersey,
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wincon-
sin, Iowa, have no signer. There are
eleven signers in all from the Free States,
which have more than one hundred and
sixty Members; and of these New-York
supplies eight. Such a demonstration cer-
Stainly falls considerably short of appalling.
-We place the names on record for
reference and reflection. We copy from The
Express, which would gladly have the
public believe that there are a few more
left of the same sort,' but that is idle. The
signer who communicates this list for pub-
lication would be very unlikely to keep
back a part of the names. They are not so
abundant that half a dozen can be lightly
spared.: Here is the roll:
S.vM'EL A ELIOT,MBaa. HHO,,FLL Cons, 0G.
J.amEi BaOoKs. N.Y. ALEX. H. STrEPrEN,do
DJ'ID A. Boir, do. Roaecn Tooem no.
J PHiLI. iIr' PF.N'Nx, do WILLiAM V D. wsONdo
ROPERa L Ror.,do. ALL4N F OarN, do
OtEO R ANDREWa', do. HENRYVW. HiBLLIARD. Ala
JeON RI T,itsItAN..do JxRLMIAH CLEMM.N.". .
A N1 SCfirt.'IiahiiSnN,do. HENRY CLan, KK.
%`1ILL1.IM DLrER. dO. HuMrFIPLV MBARllLLdO.
JAsI.a CooiPEa. Penn JarME L JOH iON. do.
WILLt AIl OwiN. Cal OsniDAEL BarcLEK. (11.
THi-Ms 0 PRAT., Md. JOHN B THiOMPsoN. do. .
RCHA. B.,s, -,do. ClsAS S MouEHaa, jdo
J B. liens, do F t E. M.,Lr.c, N.do
ALEXANDER E'vN'.do. MEREDIrE H P JiNrRav, Ten.
JcnE.R.LMIi MoRTrON, VB. CHRIS H WiLLIAMs, do.
TiuMAS 5. ,.H'itOND. do. JoSIAH M. ANDca;ON,. do.
%ILLIE P AM..%,.L, mN.C. ALBCRT 0. WAriiNs. do.
AUG H SFEIr['aRD,do. EDnWana C..CBELL. FIB.
EDMUND DEBERRa. do HENKV S FoorT., Stlds.
Il)ID OL'TLW,do H A BULLARD. Lou.
J. P. CL&WELL, do. THoM.*i J. RUSK, TaX.L

HON. JOHN YOUNG.-Befi)re the dinner
piren to ex-.Oov Young, we foedly hoped LbthaL be had seen
Lbe fauacy of many docLrtnaes of the tiWhblg party, and would
be lund maritjy battling In opposition to teem. But It
aVpears that In his retirement he has eros'e more mrldly
Whig ihan ever. True as steel oc tLe Abolition dialues, be
is yet given over t tohe srrung dblusoon that taere Ill tJl
courage hnd bonesptty enoUEbgh In the Whi party to sustain
bthe mese.ures of the Nanonal Admintstratonr. [Globe
iW The Globe's fond hopes were justi-
fied, but its present impatience is not. The
Sub-Treasurer is doing more for the Loco-
Foco party while' professing "'to sustain
the measures of the National Administra-
tion," than he will ever be able to accom-
plish after he shall have openly gone to his
own place. Don't hurry him-he knows
how the thing is done. He may seem to
be ever so "rabidly Whig," but he will
take care not to bite Loco-Focoism so as to
hurt it.

"The W ig Almanac for 1851-barrlngan occasional
tincture of Sewarc Lm-cotailns a astL amountL of useful
Information Price 121 cenus or $I per dozen Oreeley&
McEiratb, New-York. [Coopermowni Freemnan'a JournaL
WuWe will thank the Journal to specify that
"tincture of Sewardim." We believe Gaov.
Seward's name does not appear in the Whig Al.
maaso, aave in the list of U. S. Senators, while
no act, no speech of his is alluded to, BO far as we
can remember. The Presidant, on the contrary,
is spoken of fully and in a spirit of sincere esteem.
If any Sewardism has crept into a work so purely
statistical as the Whig Almanac we shall be
thankful to whomsoever will point it out, so that
we may avoid offense in future. We claim the
right to publish WHIG articles. in the Almanac
whenever we please, though we have hardly done
sonthisyear; but we do not mean that any section,
olass, or portion hbr the Whig party shall be
assailed through that medium. Will the JoronLa
explain ?
Exports, Imports and Tunuage or the United
states.
A statement of the total value of IMiPORTS, E\-
PORTS, and the IMPORTS CORSUBED in the United
States during each fiscal year from 1841 to 1850,
both inclusive, is given in the Whig Almanac for
1851. The amount of TUNNAGE employed during
the same period is also contained in this state-
ment. The condensed form in which this infor.
mation is furnished will prove convenient to those
seeking information on these points.

GES. CAsS DO'NT DEcLINE.-The Cin-
cinnati Enquirer says:
"We have seen a letter from Gen. Cass, in
whinh he expresses surprise that his letter to Mr.
Stevenson, should be construed to.jnean any thing
more than his refusing, if elected, to be a candi-
date for a second term. We have no doubt bar


Daniel 8. Dilcklinson.
Ti the Editor of The Tribuse:
Senator Dickinson, in his recent Albany letter,
in allusion to the well-known hostility of a por-
tion of the Democratic party of the State to him
and his Congressional course, says:
I regard all thin as a flattering compliment to the in-
tegrIty of my public course, for having early and uniformly
advocated principles now admitted to be just by almost
common consent, and upheld by the patriotic of all parties,
and for having resaited, at all times and upon all occasions,
a dangerous element of agitation, with which the har-
mony andintegrity of our country have been so seriously
threatened," &c.
"I have never sought, nor expected, nor desired, the
support of those whose vocation is sectonal agitation, and
who live and move and have their being in assailitng the
rigbhta and Interests of any of the sovereign States of this
Confederacy. I have poured no libations to the Moloch of
AJlofllonesm. I have offeiredno sacrifices upon its polluted
altar. I neIther enloy nor covet the confidence of Its
votaries, either line]al or collateral and feel more honored
by theirdenuncations than I should by their encomiums -
I have not united with them in planting, and am entitled to
no share of the fruits."
Azeference to the record will show what Mr.
Dickinson's course has been. At the close of the
flrstsession of the Congress of 1846-7, the Wil-
mot Proviso just failed of being brought to a vote
in the Senate. But it is well known to Mr. Dick-
inson's associates, at that time, that he was then
in favor of the measure. There are gentlemen
in the State who, during the succeeding recess,
heard him express his regrets at the talking
against time of Mr. Davis of Mass. by which, it
was said, the vote was prevented, and who well
remember his making the declaration that the
Proviso was correct in principle-wasthe true
Northern ground, and that the Democracy should
plant themselves upon it. At the close of the
second session of that Cpngress, on the night of
the 1st of March, 1847, when he finally voted
against the Proviso, notwithstanding the instruc-
tions of his State, he still professed to be in favor
of the principle involved, but contended that the
time was not a proper one for its assertion. In
his speech, made on the floor of the Senate, he
said:
"It is no justification for the introduction of this ele-
ment of strife and controversy [the ProvisoJ at this time
and upon this occasion that it is abstractly just and
proper, and that the Southern States should take no excep-
tion to its provisions."
Again, he said:
"1I would not have added one single word upon the sub-
ject of Slavery, but it is due to the occasion that my views
uon it should be fully understood. [Hear, hear.] Sofar
as I am advised or believe, the great mass of the People of
the North entertain but one opinion upon the subject, and
that is the same which is entertained by many at the South.
They regard the institution as a great moral and political
evil, and would that it had no existence. * They be-
lieve the institution to be local and domestic-to be estab-
lished or abolished by the States themselves, and alone
subject to their control. But, being thus the institution of
a local sovereignty, and a franchise peculiar to itself, they
deny that such sovereignty or its people eanjustly claim the
right to regard it as transtory, and to erect it in the United
States without the authority of Congress, and they believe
that Congress ,may PROHIBIT its introduction into the Ter-
itories while they remain such. And further, that its probi-
bition In the Territories will, by givlIg them a free poeu-
lation as they become States, tend to form a more perfect
Union, establish Justice, ensure domestic tranquillity,"
&c. &c.
And still again, in speaking of the resolutions
of instruction, which he had resolved to disobey,
he said:
"This resolution, then, instructs us that when any terri-
tory shall be brought within our jurisdiction by any act of
Congress-whateverhat actmaybe-toinsertln such act
a fundamental clause prohibiting Slavery, (and s o I am
ready to vote, instructed, or vninstructed,) but not to insert
It in an appropriation bill," &c.
I beg leave to commend these extracts from a
Speech of "our retiring Senator," in 1847, to his
particular admirers, and to the recollection of Mr.
Dickinson himself. The Senator's Turn about,
and wheel about, and jump Jim Crow," has been
executed with great agility, certainly, but not
with so light a hoof but that he has left his
marks, in the shape of many indelible words,
along the tortuous andjnfamous pathway he has
traveled. A DEzMOCRAT.

VIRGINIA-Constitutional Reform.-The fol-
lowing is the substance of the proposed Article of
the New Constitution of Virginia entitled "Ex-
ecutive Department" reported from the appropri-
ate Committee last Saturdry by Mr. Edmunlds or
Halifax County:
The Executive Department shall consist of
A Governor, who shall be 30 yearsold, a native
citizen of the United States, and to hold bhis office
for four years-not religible. The G,-varnor to
be elected by the people, at the time of electing
Members ol the General Assembly, and by the
same electors. His salary to be 87,000.
A Lieutenant Governor, to have the same .uali-
fications as the Governor; to be elected at the
same time, and hold office also for lour years; to
act, in case of impeachment or removal of the
Governor, or his death, refusal, inabilityto qualify,
resignation or absence from the State. The Lieu-
tenant Governor is to be President of the Souate,
with a casting vote alone-and, while acting as
President of the Senate. t.3 bave the compensa-
tion of the Speaker of the Hoause of Delegates.'
A Secretary of State; to be elected by the
People.
A Treasurer and Auditor, to be elected by the
Legislature.
A Board of Public Works, consisting of three
SComminsioners to be elected by the Legislatqre-
one to hold office two years, one for four years,
and one for siz years. Their powers and duties
to be specified by the Legislature
KEs'tcYir.-The Whigsof Kentucky are much
distracted and cut up with referenceto a candidate
for Governor. Ex.Gov. THos. MecALr has been
invited to run, but declined, being very far ad-
vanced in life. (He voted in Congress for Mr.
Adams as President twenty-six years ago, and
was chosen Governor in a close and vehement can-
vass twenty-one years ago.)
Bon. CHAS. S. MOREHEID has endeavored to
decline a reflection to Congress from the Lexing-
ton District, but the Whigs think they can't spare
him yet. Should be persist in declining, General
LESLIE COMBS IWhig,) will probably take the
.track, along with S. F. J. Trabae (Native) and
Maj. John 0. Breckenridge (Loco. The two lat-
ter are now unconditionally in the field.

ITyDIAA 'DEMOCRACY' ON NEGROES--Wehave
already chronicled the effort of a majority of the
Democracy' in the Constitutional Convention of
Indiana to impose on the next Legislature an ob.
ligation to pass laws prohibiting 'the settlement
within the State of any person of African blood,
or the acquirement of real estate therein by any
such person. The effort was finally defeated-
some of those originally engaged in it having been
argued "or shamed out of It-but its support was
at first formidable and threatened to carry it
through. Among the Speeches by which it was
resisted. and defeated, one of the most forcible
was made by SCHUTLZR COLFAX, Editotof' The
St. Joseph Valley Register,' of which the closing
paragraphs are of very general and enduring co.
gency. They are as follows:
"Wecannot, if we would, conceal so great a
wrong by gilding it with the tinsel of a seeming
and temporary expediency. Time, beside be-
ing a great teacher, is always a great vindicator
ofright. Its unerring verdict has most sternly
condemned every one of the great wrongs I have
cited to you from the past. This decision wecan-
not escape. The cool judgment of the unbiased
historian is yetto pass our acts inreview. When
that comes, no expediency will weigh even as a
feather in the balance of impartial justice. The
question-the only question-will be, was it
wrong, was it inhuman? And according to the
answer will be the verdict rendered.
"Sir, I make no boast of the purity of my mo-
tives here, but when I learned the lessons of free-
dom, 1 learned also to abhor oppression and tyran-
ny. and wherever within my sphere, be it narrow
or wide, oppression treads its Uron heel upon ha-
man rights, I will raise my voice in earnest pro-
test; Iwill rebuke it and condemn it whether it
emanates from a despot on a throne, or from a


THE NEW-YORK TRIBUNE.


go foritavas
Josph G Lamb ofCincinnati, 0. for dsign fo iovew.
Dated Jac. 21, 1851.. tNr .
0 W. 0t1.II3aof AlbanyN1 T .ss n rf i "m-om l.W"
& Co or Pblladelrhls. Pa. for -'1tg of stoe DatM
Jan 21. TplI--arl,- ed Dec 31. It ';".
SsmuoelIV GIttbs orabany. N Y. ass onr to IIraJaS.
ger Wtra S Treadwc I1 A John S. Perry of Absey, e sse*.
said. fo, dvsIlsn for cooklk]9 tuveS Dated Janm21. 1, L


utmost favor of the tyrants who oppressed them.
I would rather this day-this very hour-share a
hovel and poverty with Kossuth, than a palace in
splendor with his Russian conqueror."
TExxAs-Progress and Politics.-The 'Western
Texan,' (San Antomo, Jan. 2d,) lies before us. A
municipal election had just been held there, and
J. I. McDonald chosen Mayor, with eight Alder-
men, a Treasurer, and a Collector. The People
voted on the question of the 'City' taking stock
in a Railroad thence to the Gulf: Yeas 259;
Nays 3. The 'leader' ia the Texan is a strong
commendation of the Railroad project; the next
article is devoted to the Presidency in 1852. The
Editor comes to the conclusion that Gen. WiN.
FIELD SCOTT will be the' Whig' and Gen. SAM.
HOUSTON the 'Democratic' candidate, and that
the overwhelming personal popularity of the lat-
ter will sweep all before it. Case and Butler, he
argues, are dead beaten; Benton can never re-
ceive one Southern vote; Buchanan has no
strength out of Pennsylvania; and Woodbury
lacks personal popularity; but 'the Hero of San
Jacinto' will run like a fire in the prairies. Well:
we shall see.
The New Delaware U. S. Senator.
We find the balloting in Joint Session on the
23d in the Wilmington Republican, which we sum
up as follows:
Balloting1. 123 45 6T 8 9
James A. Bayard, (Opp.)......13 14' 13 i I14T 41
Elis ehaD. Cullen............ 5 31 4 31 11 3 3 1
MartinW. Bates, (Opp.)....... 21 212 4 2 2 2
Blank.......................... 12 11 1 lllt 11 1 1111
The Whigs cast blank votes and could have
elected Mr. Cullen, the Republican thinks, if they
had chosen to vote for him.
RHonDE ISLAND.-U. S. Senator.-The first
three ballots for U. S. Senator at Providence yes-
terday resulted as follows:
I" ballot Sd do. 3d do. 4th do.
John Whipple (Whig). ....32 34 35 36
James F. Simmons (do.) ....19 21 22 22
Robert B. Cranston (do.)... 5 3 1
Charles T. James (Opp.).-.34 34 34 35
Scattering................. 7 6 6 4
The Grand Committee' thereupon adjourned.
State Appropriations for Colleges.
In noticing Gov. Hunt's Message to the Legis
lature, we made some objections to his recom-
mendation of more Legislative aid to the Colleges
of this State. The principal objection to continu-
ing these State endowments to institutions de-
voted mainly to educating young men for the
learned professions, is that the benefit derived
therefrom is not general and elbi, while nothing
has yet been done by the State toward the estab-
lishment of Agricultural Colleges or Schools. This
subject has been often urged upon the Legisla-
ture, by the friends of improvement in agricul-
tural knowledge, but without success.
Hon. James Tallmadge, President of the Ameri-
can Institute, in his recent Address at the close
Of the Annual Fair, alludes to this subject, and
presents some interesting facts, showing that
while so much has been done in providing and
endowing Colleges to promote education in the
classics, and in almost every department of Scai-
etce, the State has as yet made no provision for
Agricultural Education.
"' The benefits of individual patronage," he re-
marks, "have sustained this unequal control and
monopoly of the appropriations for Public Educa-
tion. \Vith an expenditure of $254,800 in this
'State during the last twelve years only for Col-
leges, not a single institution has been establish-
ed for Education in Agriculture and the Mechanic
Arts. The terms of admission and continuance
in most of these Colleges require the students to
bring an acquaintance with the study of the Clas-
sics and Dead Languages. This has hitherto
precluded the admission of Mechanics and Agri-
culturists, and those who design to follow thepur-
aUitS of Civil Engneertog and other occupations
of practical life."
A letter of request to the Comptroller of this
State, to be informed of the amount ol endow-
menots 'to Colleges for the last few years, Mr.Tall-
madge states, obtained the following statement
from that clfficer (now Governor) as the aggregate
amount bestowed upon each of the Colleges in
the Ltate, for the 12 years ending in i4:' -
.Amount paid fom i he Treasury on account of appropria-
io LOto aid CoUleges. from Jl; LO li81) tnclislve.
University of New-York................. ?7;,00O
Geneva College......................... 63,000
Medical Institution of Geneva .......... 21,00
Barnilton College ....................... 34,500
St. John's College....................... 5.?00
Madison [Uniersaicy..................... 6,000
Albany Medical College ................. .l,,o0U
Genessee Wesleyan Seminary........... 13,800
University of Buffalo.................... 3,000
College of Physicians and Surgeons, N.Y.. 10,000
Total appropriations...............$254,800
Union College-Lottery &c. before this date
Coluombia College-Lottery &c. before this date.
The Comptroller remarks,
"No aid has been extended, as yet, for the es-
tablishment or support of an Agrci, itural Insti-

With these facts before thmn, we trust the
Members of the Legislature will hesitate before
they make any further appropriations of the pub-
lic money to aid institutions which have already
received so large a share of the bounty of the
State--at least unt something can be done to
promote Educationfm Agriculture and other In-
dustrial pursuits. :
iy Gen. JositH LANE, late Governor of Ore-
gon, is warmly pressed for the' Democratic' nomi-
nation to the Presidency by a portion ofhis fellow
partisans in Indiana. James G. Read, Robert
Dale Owen, John Pettit, Gen. James P. Drake
and several other notables are in the movement,
along with a Col. C. C. Nave, who used to pretend
to be a Mexican-War Whig. Gen. Lane is ex-
pected home soon from the Pacific, and prepara-
tions are on foot to give him a grand reception.
N. Y. Leglslature-Progress-Free Schools-
Temperanee-The Code.
Correspondence of The Tribune.
Te ALBaxY, Monday, Jan 27, 1851.
The Legislature has now been in session three
weeks, and I believe is as far advanced as at the
end of six weeks in previous years. ,This is
owing to the good sense of the majority in refus-
ing to occupy their time in discussing Compromise
Resolutions. The Speaker is also entitled to
great credit for the rapid manner in which he dis-
patches business. I mean it as no common place
phrase when I say that he is one of the best
Speakers of many years. All unite in speaking
of the present House as one of the most respecta-
ble that has convened here for many years, at the
same time probably no Session was ever marked
with so few men of eminence. The talent of the
House is decidedly mediocre. But for practical
good sense and moral character I believe it far su-
perior to any former House. The Empire State
may well be proud fits present representatives.
I predict that all Educational and philanthropic
measures will receive favorable consideration
from the present Legislature.
In regard to the Free School Law, I believe a
large majority are in favor of Free Schools. No
bill, however, has yet been introduced amending
the present law which recognizes the principle.
The friends are anxiously looking to the action of
the Committee having the subject in charge. The
opponentsof any Free Sbhool Law are somewhat
numerous and influential, but we trust will not
be able to engraft the odious feature of "rate
bills" upon any bill, even as a matterof Coin-
uromise.


not a sure sign is something in favor of the esti-
mate I have already made of the character of the
Legislature.
ILanticipate among other important Acts that
one will be .passed equalizing throughout the
State the valuation and taxation of property.
The consideration of the Code will also be a
matter of considerable moment. How the Code
will fare, I can hardly say. I think it cannot be
killed although there is a smart sprinkling of
Lawyers not particularly friendly to it. "

WASHINGTON.
Post-Office Bill In the enat.e.
Correspondence of The Tribune.
WASHINGTON, Wednesday, Jan. 21
I understand that Gen. RUSK, the Chairman of
the Committee on Post-Offices of the Senate. will
bring in some material amendments to the Post-
Office bill as sent up from the House. The most
material one of which will be the substitution of
the rate of three cents for prepaid letters, and
five cents for those unpaid.
The public mind is-scarcely made up, he thinks,
for any greater change than this at present.
Another amendment will probably be the sub-
stitution of a stamped envelope for the present
mode of stamps.
It appears that the Government is defrauded
to a large amount by individuals tearing off the
present stamps and using them over again, a piece
of fraud which would be impossible with an en-
velope stamped on the paper composing it.
*WOVEE. VAsN TiLLB

Tariff Prospects Brightnlng-Taoriff C onven-
taons of Mlembers of thie House and Dele-
gates from abroad, at National Hotel last
evening. Correspondence of the Tribune.
WASHINGTON, Jan.'26.
A self constituted delegation of gentlemen from
Northern manufacturing States, including repre-
sentatives of leading influences of the Democratic
Party, in unison with the representatives of a
Virginia Tariff Convention, called a meeting of
members of Congress from the middle and New-
England States, at the National Hotel last eve-
ning, to take into consideration some modifications
of the Tariff.
The New-England and Pennsylvania Repre-
sentatives held consultations in different rooms.
The hemp and woolen interest also had separate
caucuses, each reporting- progress to the others,
unless all agree, of course no modifications can
pass through Congress. The disposition on the
part of the principal movers sneems to be to give
Pennsylvania what she wants, avoiding modifica-
tions in favor of other interests as much as possi-
ble. The following bill consisting of five, or ra-
ther six sections, including the repealing clause,
was, however, partially agreed upon, It is of
course in a crude state as yet, standing thus after
many erasures and amendations, to which it is
still liable:
Section 1 provides that duties shall be assessed
on all goods, wares and merchandise at their value
at the time and place of their purchase abroad,
Iron excepted, which shell be assessed at the
average of its foreign value for the last ten years.
[By a calculation, this will enhance the duty on
Iron about 100 per cent.]
Section 2 provides that the duty on Window
Glass and Linseed Oil shall be 30 percent. Iron
and manufactures thereof 40 per cent. and Bitu-
minous Coal 40 per Cent.
Section 3 [is not perfected. Various proposi-
tions were made exempting certain articles and
restoring some provisions of the Act of'itd ] Dye
stuffs [it is agreed] shall be exempted from duty.
Raw Stlk,Wool, Hemp, Cordage andYarns [are
set down at] 10 per cent. ad valorem over the
present rate.
[Those interested in Wool ask more.]
Section 4th provides for the appointment of a
Board of Appraisers whose duty it shall be to es-
tablish uniformity in this branch of the service,
prevent frauds, &c. For which purpose they are
required to visit the different ports of entry and
establish regulations.
Section 5th provides that the time which goods
may remain in bonded warehouse shall be ex-
tended to three years.
Section 6th repeals conflicting.laws.
The repeal of the duty on Dye Stuffs affords no
little aid to manufacturers, since it appears by
statements submitted last evening that one man-
ufacturing house alone paid duties on those arti-
eles to the amount of .-'0.000 annually. Another
house paid upward of $23,000 per annum. E iFtirts,
however, will be made to obtain some protection
on manufactured articles, in place of the absurd
duty upon raw cotton *
it appears by the statement of a Democratic'
Member from Pennsylvania, that Mr. AnBOTT
LAWRENCE purchased in his District, in the sea-
son of'46-7, 800,000 pounds ofwool; in '48, a few
hundred pounds; in 49, not a single pound. He
purchases nowof South America, tbe wool of that
country commanding the market to the exclusion
of American farmers, under the present Tariff.
What gives this movement significance, and
makes its success look probable is that it appears
to emanate from certain leaders of the Opposi.
tion. They have an eye to Pennsylvania in 1871.
Hon. R J .1 ALKER is one of the wirepullers.
The Whigs say, WVe are with you, gentlemen.
'Ve care not what the object, so that, to some
small extent even, the great interests of the
country are relieved, American Labor protected,
and commercial disaster averted. The election
of Ii512 will take care of itself; we have stuck a
pin there which cannot easily be moved.
There remains the struggle to get this Tariff
bill into the House It must proceed at every
step by over riding the Speaker, as it cannot be
got in under the rules of that body in any regular
way, since the Committee of Ways and Mfeans
refuse to report.
This movementhas been brewing for some days
with little prospect of any efficient result. I
waited therefore for some more tangible demon-
stration which I could give with better satisfac-
tion. It seems at present to promise well, andthe
only pity is, that the modifications should be so
limited. Gen. FooTE, I understand, will support
it in the Senate
Oapt. W. R. LATIMER of the*Navy, who was
cashiered for cruel conduct to his men some years
since, is again in trouble. The Commandant of
the Mediterranean Squadron is holding a Court
of Inquiry with reference to charges of the same
nature of those formerly preferred against him.
Capt. LATIMER is likely again to be deprived of
his favorite amusement, the free use of the Cats.
Bis return to the Navy has only resulted to the
disgrace of the service. Wouvtt VoN TWI"iwLEH
The Proposed Tarift ftiodflfclon*.
Correspondence of The Tribune.
ii'.siuire toN, Monday, Jan. 27.
?The House presented quite an animated scene
this morning before entering upon the business of
the day, members were gathered in groups in the
lobbies and various parts of the Hall, and here
and there a Senator mingled in the animated Con-
vention. The topic of discussion was the attempt
which is making to effect some modification of the
tariff.
During this discussion the motion to suspend
the rules for the purpose of making the Hiver and
Harbor a special order for consideration next
week was thrown into the cauldron and voted
down by the Tariff men; who seem to have taken
avow not to go for any thing western until a dis-
poslrion has been substantially manifoated to do
something for the Tariff interest.
The prospect of the success of the scheme which
has been proposed, with the principal details of
which you are in possession, is not as llattenngto-
day and this evening as it was onSaturday. The
disposition to provide for Pennsylvania alone,
leaving other interests to suffer, has been too
plainly manifested and too pertinaciously adhered
to by the leaders in the movement. Other in-


terests have become alarmed and think they see
a rat in this meal tub. If Penns1ilvaia is lost to
the Tariff interest what prospect will there be of
obtaining any general Protection for American
Labor hereafter. If with her aid we are unable
to obtain it how will it be whan she will have sar-
rendered to the enemies of American producers.
We are letting Pennsylvanlia go to give ascen-
dancy in the Federal Government to those ene-
mies, who m again turn upon her when they


popular majority which has become lost to a sense
of right. In carrying out such a principle I may
fail, a't I would far rather sink with the op-
pressed, however weak and despised and de-
lenceless, than to rise with the oppressor, how-
ever powerful. I would rather have borne the
name of a rebel and the brand of a traitor with
the patriots of the Revolutiou, than to enjoy thq


SNumerous petitions for a new License Law
pourin daily, and a Select Committee has the
subject in charge. The friends of Temperance
never had a House from which, apparently, tbey
could expect as much as from the present. Let
them look to it.
Speaking of Temperance, allow me to say a
word in fanvor of one of the best public houses in
the country-the Dlavan." More than forty
Members board at this House, which, although


5

iave succeeded in grasping power as they id la
46. Such is the reasoning upon this subje,
which is certainly very natural if not entirely
coclusaive against the proposed movement. The
Mew -nglandmen, to whonflittle inducement is
offered, reasoning in :this way, feel vewry iOch
disposed to discountenance the whole grooeedifg.
The Penneylvanians, both Whigs and Democratw.
are very active, and naturally feel desirous o*
carrying it through. After all, however, they are"
not gaming much, al l things considered, that is, the
Whig or Tariff portion of the State. At most they
run the risk, with a veryslippery party to death
with, of obtaining the benefit Proposed for only
two short years or so.
I am Informed upon very tolerable authority
that's the intention of the Adminiatration to ap-
point the two side Judges and Chief Justice of
New-Mexico as follows: One North and one
South, of the side Judges, and the Chief Justice
from New-Mexico.
It is said that Messrs. Ashmun, Duer andu
Schenck are all seeking foreign appointments.
It is not improbable that Henry vans, of Peonan.
will go0 to Copenhagen in place of Mr. Walter For-
ward, who insists upon being recalled. Other ra-
mors of foreign appointments are afloat.
WOUTER VON TWILLELR
YEAS AND NAYS IN THE HOUSE.
The Land for the Landless.
Washington, Jan. 28.-The following the vote
on the motion of Mr. S. F. Vinton of Ohio, to lay
on the table the Bill of Mr. Andrew Johnmonof
Tenn. giving Free Lands to actual settlers :
AyEs.-Messars. Ahbe. Averett, Bayly, Bocock, Bakes
Booth, Bowie, Boyd, Breck, Burt, a. A. Caldwell, J. P.
Caldwell, Cartter. Casey, Clarke, Clingmant, Colcock,
Daniel, Deberry Dinmici, Dixon, Duncan, Edmundson,
A. Evans, Freedley, Fuller, Gerry, Goodenow, GrInuelle
Hamilton, Hammond, Haymond, Henry, Hibbard, Holl*-
day, Houston, Howard, J.. W. Jackson, W. T. Jackson,
.W. Jomo Kaufman, Kerr, G. G. Ktn, J; G. King
J. A. King, Levin, Marshall, McKissoct McQueen.
MeachamrMeade. Maison, Morton, Nelson, 6rrt Outlaw,
Parker, Peaslee, Phelps, Reed, BRos Sawtelle, ilvester,
R. H Staenton, Stetson. Strong, Taylor, J. B. Thompson
Thurman, Van Dyke Vinton, Walden, Waldo, Wallace,
Wellborn White, Woodward-78.
NAys-Mesrs. Albertson, Alexander. Alien, Anderson.
B% Bell, Bennett, Bingham, Briygg, Briabln, BrooU, A.
G rown Burrows, Butler, Cabeo. Cabld. Calvin, Camp-
bell, Chanler, Cobb Cole, Gonger, borwin, Crowell, Dan-
ner, Dickey, Doty, bunyam Durkee, wing, Featherston,
Fitch, Gentry Glddingsa ibert, Gdoran, Gott, Gould,
Green Hall, harian, 1. Harris, J. L. Harris, .Hay. Hl
hard, hoagland, Hunter, Inge A. Johnson, Jones, Julian,
Leffler, H. Mann, J. Mann,Matteson, McClernaud, Me--
GaugheiMcLanahan, McLane, McLean, McMullen D. F.
Miller, ore, Morrie Newel Old Penn, Pitman, Pot-
ter, Powell, utn, Reynolds; B y, n obbns, Jr., ob-
inoan, Rockwell, Root, Rose, Sackett, Savage, Spalding.
Sprae, F.P. Stanton Thomas, Underhll. Waitktn, Weoi.
woart, Wlldrck, Williams, Wright, Young-90.
ABSENT OI NOT VOTING.-Alston, Andrews, Asbhmuz,
Baker Beale, Blssell. Bowdon, Bowlln, W. I. Brown,
Buel, Bullard, Cleveland Disney, Duer, Eliot, Natban
Evans, Fowler Hackett, Holloway, Hampton, Haralson,
a. W. Harrtis, Aehard Holmes, Howe, Hubbard, James I.
Johnson, Pr'Bton King, La Sre, Littlefiold, Mason,
McDonald, McDowell, McWillis, John K.Miller. More.
head, Morson, Morse, Ogle, O, ,Owen, Phcens,
Richardson, uRmsey. echenck, Schermerhorm, Schoolcralt,
Seddon, Shepperd Stsnly, A. H. Stephnt, T. ateves ,
Sweetlser, Jacob Thompson, James Thompon, Toombs,
Tuck, Venable, Whittlesey, Wllmot--0.
The following is the vote on the motion ,of Mr.
Conger of N. Y. to refer Mr. Johnson's Land Bill
to the Committee of the Whole on the State of
the Union:
YFra-Mi6crs. Aihe. Aver-Lt, Byle'., Bennett, Bocoek,
Bo..ee. Br.ot. Bgwle. Boyd, Bra.:', Brigg, Brtiabin,
Broos, Bullard. Burrows, Burn, Butler, E. A Cabei, 0.
A Caidvell. J P Caldwell. Cavin, Cartier, Casey;Clarke,
Clinat-an Colcock. Congaer, Corwin. CIoweli, Daniel;
Darfner. Deberry. Dimmnuck. Dison, Duncan. E-imanndon,
Eliot., Eans, Featherston. Fowl-r. Fre.Jley, Filier. OGs-
Iry, OoOdetao, OuldC Orid. ri., .1oHalo.y, BamtIlVO,
Hamntmorod. lR-.to,tU, Hason1. 0 FHaert. W.
larnr, T. L Harris, Havmiond, Eebard, Henry. Hibbard,
Holiday. Howe. aInge, J. W. Jackson. WV T Jackon,
R. W. Johr.snn. Juilsn, KXsufmain Kerr. 0 0 King. 0.
rLte, J A. Kg, Leffler, Le. 1 Marn,J. Mbson. Mar-
rhellf .t cDowell. M.,tlnivck,I McLean, M Quaea,
Meacham tlison Moietbead. Mbrion. Nelson. OTrr.
Otis, OuLaw, Paiker. Peaslee, PLhelps., Ph.olent, Pinman.
Poanlj, Putnam. Reed. Rose Itose. D Rumnsey, Jr, Sga-
s e, SALWlieh. Schercli, Schltnerborn, Siivesotr, Sianly.
R H Stlt&uoa, Si-tron, Sirai., Taylor, J Thompson, J.
B Thirmpuou. Lindeibll, i'sn DnkhVIntou, 'alden. WaJ-
do., Wuilare, Welib,:.rn, Wildilea, Wood3,ard-2Il.
NA%' S --lesra Alertuon., AJexaider, Alen, Anderson.
Aihn.,n. Bby, Bell. Bingbam, A 0 Brown. Joseph Gable,
Campbeil. % R WV. Cobt, Cole. DLney. Doty. Duuham,
Durkee. Eixlg, Fl.-h OGldldtag, Gllbnr, Gilmorei or-
nsaD. Oull, Ore-n, Harian. [laS, Hlijlard Hoagland, Boss-
lur., A. Johinsnc. Juon,,, lrtiron. McCl'ernand, McLana-
ban M R IM McLaae McMllan,D F. Miller, Moore. Mor-
I .. WewelUl Olei d.id P'otter. Reynolds. RIsley. Robblse.
Robinson. Rocwei. nort, .Sacketi. Spaldlai Sprague,
F. P Stanton. Tboas.r, Tburmnara. Vnalnaie, Wai.las, Wealt-
OFrL, & IILUi. i.e'. \ Ull %% r,1 1 '.'1i6.1ilbli, Y ou --- l.
Ar.ert ot rnol o-uLrlF-4J
A rtNrcErs.-On going into Committee of the
WVhole on the special order, IDeficiency bill,) it
being ascertained, upon a division by tellers, that
a quorum wes not present, the call of the roll wan
generally demanded, and tbahe following Members
were absent:
blers Andre,,w. Aelmu, Baker, Beale, Blaiell. Bow-
d,.-. Bownd. Bretic. W.' J. Brown, Campoell. Cloe-land.
D[,,-. DUr.bM Ddiaee, N. Evans. Gentry, Gerry, Greem
BSchelt. Hali, hillaro, Hoagland. Holmes, Bubbsrd.J. 1.
Jchnron, Kaufman. P King, Meson, McDonald, ?. E Me-
I tur, 5Mc1.6 iJii.j K Muiler, Mlorrlso.OIds, Penn, Potter,
Bcha,.idern, Buo, Shaae, 8, hool0crafl, Shepperd Slves--
It r, [ae phers, SLereBs Snwe'bser. Thomas, John B. Thamap-
san, Tourst, Tuck, V\an DSj, Webiorn-31.
LousszIAA.-P. K. WAGNo E, recent editor of
theN. 0. Courier, has been elected State Senatoe'
to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Mr.
Beebe.
CotNrCrcIt r.-Two calls have been issued by
the Democracies of this State, one for a "Free
Democratic" Convention at Hartford on the 12th
of February, and another for a "Democratio"
State Convention at the same place on the 19th of
February. The Whig State Conuention has
already met and made nominations.
Railroads In the United States,
A tabular statement of the RALROADS in the
United States-comprising the name of each Road,
its Length, and total Fare, and the rate of Fara
per mile, given to the thousandth part of a cent-
will be found in the Whig Almanac for 1851 The
information contained in this statement has Seae
condensed and arranged in an alphabetical form
for convenient reference.
Appoltmeants by the President,
By anud unwith lie adue a ,nd ronsent of the Seate.
Htt.AND HALL, O Vermonl, to be Second Comptroller of
thub Tjessury.
ELI. IS TEaRV, orf lndiana, to be Recorder or the On-
eial Lsand Office.
RoaB EaT I Mc AL rt orLoaLslana, to be Superintendenst of
the Branch Mint at lew Orleans.
Eb,'ao De Biru,, of Loullana, to be Tieaiurer of the
t'inlted States Minit at Philadelphia.
GiuEO S Ho-LMEi,of Masacia.etts, tobeCornl orihe
UInlted Staes of America at thbe Cape of Good Hops.
A t L sXaArEB M. Rus,oi New.York. to be Consul of ithe
'Unlited States of America at St. Castlharines.
JoHN, SLOAN'e., of UOhIo. to be Treaeurerof the Ulied
States. ________
LUlst or Ptents
lutrd from the United Steae P.teet O .te, fee E. Wer
endetrg Jamuarr II, 1,15L
tCnrum/Jr prsrarsd Ior Tvi Tnbuna ]
Theodore T. Abbott of Manchboter. N. H fur Impro e.
metit ihn lsestor railroad ran.wheB6s. Dated Jan. 14,1851.
John L Alienor New.l]avep, Conn for imptroemientl n
raTsing carriage tops Dated Jan 1-4. tigl.
Erastus B. Bligelow of CIInun, Mass for lImprovemenh.
in looms for weaving plied fabrlcs. Dated Jan. Ii. 1851.
A. M Billing. of Ctaremon, N H. mor Ilproeaments is
counnstelns asi dJlscosneetlete bubs and axels. Dated Jan.
14,. ItI.
Jua.pb Dorwart of Morgantoxn. s.ar or Lmproveienlt Is
tmycrs Dated Jan.11 15|1.
J.SuarnwGynue ol' Nlw-York, N.Y. for Improvement
In rotary peups Dated Jan. I. 185L
Fom Improsemeni In charenrog a ,cclpr.,calng lto rotary
motion Jo-eph Harris. Jrof Boston, Mass. Dated Jan.
Ii.. 1S.,l.
OeorpeR KMcFarlaneof Hlloldaysburrh, Pa forlmproev.
mnnt in cast Iron car.ahbeei Dated Jan. tI, 1I83
Hubh SanSEter & John Sanpgter of Suffajo N. 7. for Il-
1,rovpjnen In reflectors fo, sieet Jlamps. bated Jan. 14,
Joseph E. AnerewsofBo~ton. fdass. for improved stoer-
I apparaias. Dated Jan If, l'i. 1
JolhDjones rfClyde,N.Y tor lInprovenemnlncsfrinIe.
DaLi Jan. 14. 1MbL
Reissee.
Sherbume C. B[od.eL or Georgetown, as.s and JObs A.
Lerow or Boston, Mass. for Improvrmeet In sewlna ma.
chines Panted OCL 184 9. 14.l i m. 184 1.
JstBiEaV 21.
Andrew W. Thompson of palsAilphls, Pa. for Improv-
ed Propeller. Daieo Jan. 21, I1iL
jsco b chelhl u of Lou tsllll.e, K y. le Improve s ,nt r
brick ress-s. Dated Jszi.?l 1 [.
Orotge H Thatcher of Albany, H. Y. for ImprovameM
Is stoves Dated Jan.2J.f5l.
Edward T. paser of Berkley, Al. for improvemnei la
couvensble pLoow stock. DIce.Jan. 2l, 1851.
Charles StaBr or New.YarS, N Y. for ltprove~eat Is
tools-for emboselnj backs 01 boojs. Dated Jan. 21, UI5L
A. A. Wilder of Detroit, Mich. for Inproved lee-wenl-
dirsior. Dated Jan 21,e 181
Daniel WIlson Jr of Norlh Chelmsford, Mass., as5lipU
of II WilsOn Jr. & H M. Bird of oant Chelmatord sibro-
saul, fur horse-sha naiD machine. Dasid Jan.22. I.1L










6


SMY BOY ....ForTheTrlbnne.
ir world ofrrare and sorrowfiom theholy reaJnms above,
Wlhre 's the aoIi walkI In gladness, ant ibe only tlri ;is
los e, lcon.5
ALL the oie of my tBff"ri.in thu hut bent tIblt ear, aIl.
EleaVeti'm or tirtL 'Jr ra[,I'ire iddelag to its bl.ab ingis .,irdy
home.
Ihave wood thoed ee-Iewoedthe-from alnd where
all I bllli,, IIhl--
Down io fold Ihinne Iael pinionim mid tihe orny scenei tof
DOWa to iry l.y tLeed-Ir i.JotI rp% '. th ie- iulorIypsh I rove,
Thai tf h u t .ted v siiul' ac.rd heIie-r imm ()b -s ibis
selfish loer
Iliae wooed thee-I have wooed the--to aese out,
liil,, c rtn- .M ,r,, 'i.ra eO and wa d
And iMV L ieUaT. I- u :r. -E ii-inla th rapture
A1 my bestith lu, u I'- ulr- Ei' itsine innocent appeal.
And the ueb upUi ii,- ti..a --d idlhn ,.l. "1 tthae joy I f -1.
And my .prl itdi-irf1l a. l e-i 'J.Ii- s oer the bllslfuil bo 1n I1
BOU,,hL-
i ii g '1 ,p adOWa the future, 1 AL fiL bl'l 0y omD1 g '0Lt.
Bel my care hall be to shaldi Lhea trum uti sorriji ) I
1rus} --
Fromn e etvil mJid Lemptallon Lat suirourndi Liy nmorial wy.
And my prayer shall be tIiad Lt, ...L a li, et, and h,.iy
trust, hue ,liu i:
Wakllg -mid Ihe rankm ocr mranhood, whl' my t". l ntLii
from the priareortheirlepartc.'. I shan relm i r7lac- i-i Pee
Sspoun the path I p-in, tl, stil11 i he in -ib t .l "lii. ith ee.
a lhtrb.liee1 1i.& ARLV
MYSELF ..... For TLbTribune.
A R If P L V .
WELL, On'e I was a little girl,
A.dwelling far away ,
My mother made the buit.:r.
And my father made theb hay
And I-I wanderedJ, out of school,
Amid the woodlands wild,
And scorned the teacher's measurred rule-
A harem scarum child.
Ofthorny lane, and meadow fair,
My frock bore toker str;ill:
The wind would catch my yellow hair,.
And braid it skits will.
The sun was busy with my face-
And still it shows it some;
And, on my neck, I know how high
My dresses used to come.
And I was smart, and all the springs
On all the hills could show .
And, if there were some grammar things
I didn't care to know,
I always knew how many boughs
The latest tempest broke,
And just how far the woodpecker
Had girdled round the oak.
I knew the trec where slept the crows;
And, on the wster's brim,
I climbed among the hemlock boughs,
To watch the fishes swim.
I knew, beside the swollen, rill,
What flowers to bloom would burst;
And where, upon the south-sloped hill,
The berries ripened first.
Each violet tuft, each cowslip green.
Each daisy on the lea,
I counted one y one-for they
Were kith and kin to me.
I knew the moles that dared to claim
The vanished beavers' huts ;
And sat on mossy logs to watch
The squirrels crack their nuts:
And they winked slyly at mu, too,
Bar never Red away,
For in their little hearts they linew
That I wabwild as they.
And always in the Winter, too,
Before the breakfast time,
I wandered o'er the crusted snow,
To hear the waters chime;
To see how thick the ice hail grown,
And where the hasty spray
Its jewels o'er the shrubs had thrown
In such a curious way;
And In a little cavern, where
The waters trickled through,
The shape of'e'ary icicle
That gemmed iLts sides I knew,
For there were hermits' hats, and towers,
And cities grand and gay,
And Alpine peaks and tropic flowers,
And fairer things than they:
Fcr oft the son came glinting through
The chinks some ice-lens spanned,
And decked in many a rainbow hue
Those scenes of fairy land.
And now, when to my roving brain
There starts some fancy, shrined
In tints more bright than earth can claim,
That cavern comes to mind.
Wben Winter to the Spring-tide wore,
Through slumps and sloughs I strayeod,
To lis the splashing and the roar
.,-be mountain torrents made
Oh'] that was glee; and oft I turned
In rapture from the shore,
And said (I know not where I learned
The lines about Lodoro."
There was a well-filled garret, where
I hid on stormy days,
And built bright castles in the air,
And conned most ancient lays,
And through the snares that Scott has set,
For fancy roamed with joy,
Or, from some old and worn gazette,
I backed the rhymes of "Roy."
In mooseholes rare I hid with care
Those relies of the Muse, /
And wondered who the Poets were
That scribbled for the News.
But when once more the skies were fair,
And I the woods could win, [there
For books and rhymes that charmed me
I did not care a pin.
My mother saw my garments soiled,
And thought it hardly right
But, when I wished to go again,
SMy father said I might.
And now I am a woman grown,
And strive to keep my hair
Beneath the guidance of my comb,
And bind my dreas with care.
Through slumps and drifts I do not roam,
Nor climb the hemlock trees,
Nor hide mid cobwebbed trunks au hhome-
For fear 't will raise a breeze.
I thread the world's unchanging maze,
Through all Life's fettered span.
And meek to be in all my ways
As "proper" as I can.
I never liked the ways of men,
Or wished more old to grow,
Per life was wondrous curious than.
And is n't curious now.
I know not how it seemed to me.
Or what my father thought,
But mother said I 'd never be
A woman, as I ought.
I know 'tis hard such children wild
In polished rules to train,
And, if I were once more a child,
I 'd---n-do just so agait.
L 'M-e, 1550. 6B.E.G. Asev.
mILITUa OF Nxw-YoRK.-From the Annual RI-
port of the Adjutant General, which embraces re-
ports from 48 counties, we gather the following:
tnhe numerical force of the militia is shown to be
31,045 greater than it was in the previous report.
The commutation and fines, received and paid
out, and the balance remaining in the hands of
County Treasurers, as appears by the report, are
aanexed: r
ikmouSSpSmf ;;;;;............................
Baiaaev,,,,,,,,, 1S.34 99
-~.-......................... |IJ q14
"Jthe returns exhbt an aggregate enrollment of
2.4,065, ineudmg 4o Major Generals, 82 Briga-
sLes-.'eneas, 1110 hi.td-draamps, 100 Brigade.
Majors, 89 Brigade Quartermasters, 240 Colonels,
297 Lieutenant.Coloneli, 228 Muiors, 240 Adj--
tats, 217 Qusatermaster. 242 Pavmc=a,..,, 51


ChaplainM, 154 Surgeons, 134 Surgeons' Mates,
1,574 Captains, 3,096 Lieutenants, 1a9 Quarter
master Sergeants, 6.056 Bergeants, 5,368 Corpo-
isis, 197,331 priqtes. Making a total of 8,214
commissioned offidbra and 216,451 non-commis-
moned. [Alb. Eve. Journal
AuaBUR PRisoN APPoi-TMsrs..-Oharles W.
.Pomeroy, of Aubuzrn, hau been appointed Agent
of the State Pfeim at Aubmurn from the lst April
next. Dr. Lansing Briggs, of Auburn, is Physi-
sian, and Rev. ]Elijah W. H$ir, Chaplain.


LIBERIA-
Report or 1ev. t it don and iteourelCs of Llberila.
The late Repon'of Rev. R. H GeRLr.vT to the
I' ,7 Gover6nment on the Condition, Reasources
and prtispecti of Liberia, gives an interesting
picture of the slate of alsairs in that flourishing
young lilepinblic. 'We condense the leading
pueiits if tihe Bport.
Mr. Gurirley saded from Baltimore on the 1st of
August, IH'), and arrived on tie African Coast
.oi'the '18th September. remaining two months
on the Cuaet ,faLiberia. His impressions of the
Afri-n clmrsare are more favorable than the ac-
counts hitherto published; for, (says Mr.' G.)
though our arrival orrurced -luring the latter por-
tion of what is called the rainy season, and we
continued on the coast during most of the transi-
tion period from that to the dry season, the
weather was generally clear and pleasant, and
we were seldom deterred for an entire day from
Iis;i;ig the sh.,r. icr, from moderate physical ex-
eIttion.
No one can look upon the athletic, finely-pro-
portioned and developed forms of the native Afri-
I ali,, Or up.r, a cri rcg.tioi u ,ofthe -ii-,bir rs of
Monrovia, or of the other towns and dilag.-a:,f rh.
Liberian Bepual.h., and retain th L idea tha' health
cannot he enjo ed oB the African Coast. 'IHie gen-
eral aspect of the people of Liberia is healthi-;,
and the dangers of the climate to orlred imini-
grants are becoming less and less formidable, aund
soon will, to a good degree, be averted, by the cul-
tivation of the soil, an appropriate regimen, and
increased medical e xperieic.e and skill. Mr. Gar-
ley had seen large families in Liberia, who, after
a residence there of some years, had suffered no
invasion from death, and who found their security
in watchfulness against excesses in diet and ex-
ertion, in a moderation approaching to nibtii.er.:e.
ir, ther- use of medicine, and in the possession of
ample'supplies oh the necessaries amid comforts of
life. The friends of our colored people, and of the
Republic of Liberia, cannot be too emphatically
reminded that to send emigrants with minadeuate
supplies, to feel all the d-r-ssl'On of want, while
exposed to the untried inlnences of the African
climate, is an error which must often prove fatal
to human life, and sadly injurinous to their :reat
enterprise. Far better is it toenabie a few immi-
rants to establish themselves in health andl coron-
ort in Liberia, than to cast large bodies of them
on that shore, with no sufficient means of subsis-
tence, during the time when such means can be
secured by no exettionsa of theirs-tbhus aOgment-
ing vastly the perils of their cundition, or impos-
ing burdens pupn the charity of that bat recent
community which its citizens must find it di[.:ult,
if not impossible, 10 fi istluL.
Having visited Africa in my, yeoutha, Icontinuis
Mr. G ) and witnessed, in company with the dis-
tinguished and lamented Ashnimon, tbh first bud-
dings of civilized and Christian life on Cape Mont-
serado, it may be readily ima-,iriird that I could
not, after a quarter of a century, look again upun
that verdant promounti-ry-that I could not again
tread the streets of Monrovia-that I could iot
meet those who', so many years ago, extended to
me their hospitaitiues-could not behold that hum-.
ble community, who, when I first stood ther-:,
were making some narrow openings in tho aense
forest, and sheltering themselves beneath some
thirty or lorry thatched roofj, few, feeble, and ex-
posed to barbarous foes., now nsen, through the fta-
voting band el the Almight;,, by their fortitade and
energy, to the elevation o'f an Independent ite-
pubiic, acknowledged as sou.: by two of the mo.)st
powerl'ul unations-without a deep sense cof tie
Divine goodness to the peopk of Liberia, aud to
the writer, in that he was permitted to. se- on thal
shore the renovating power of a Government of
constitutional liberty, pert-aded by the Christian
spirit. and encompassed by the highest motives to
beae ficerce.
On our arrival several vessels were moored in
the harbor of MoTovia, slamuorigthem the Ameri-
can man-of-war schooner Decatur Captain Byrne,
and the Lark, a small, beautiralui armed ve.ssel],
presented to the authorities ol Liberia by the
English Government.) and, us we dropped our
anchor, the steamed or her IlJritannic Mnjsty,
which bhad brought out the commercial treaty ratn-
fled between Ureat Bitain arid t;ie Hepeelic, was I
taking her departure. The rcciption of 0iis tecacy
was announced by the thunder of cannon from the
bights of Monrovia and the summit of the Cape,
and signalized by mutual congratulations among
the citizens, and by signs and expressions of iii-
versal joy.
TOPOGR&PBICAL LIMITS.
The Republic holds political jarisdictiun over the
country from Manna, a point borderin- on the
notorious Gallenas, on the northwest, to Grand
Sisters on the east, a distance, on the coasrpof
3.0 miles, with an average extent inter;ir of 40
miles-the boundary line inclosing a space of
about 14,000al square miles. The authority of
the Mar land Colony extends from Grand Sesters
to the River P-dro, a distance, by water, ofi 1-0
miles. and by land of i lu or 1'0 miles. Important
acquisitions ol Territory have been made within
the last few months by the Republic, and also by
the Maryland Colony. For the purchase of Gal-
lenas, a wealthy English friend bhas promised
President Roberts A 1,000; and an equal amount
is offered by one of our citizens, a gentleman or
Ohio, for the same object. The most important
points on the coast of Liberia, southeast from
Gellenas, are Cape Mount, rising 1,060 feet above
the sea, thence near 50 miles, Cape Monrserado,
on the summit of which, L 10 feet above the ocean,
stands a light bouse, and 1 50 feet lower down, and
one milde back, the town of Monrovia :; southeast'
thence 35 miles, Junk Hiriver, and near its mouth
a settlement bearing the illustrious name of Mar-
shall: onward 35 miles, Grand Bassa, thence live
miles, Tobacannee. furtheron seven miles, Young
Besters; thence four miles, Tradetown; after
these, in succession, Little Calloh, Grand Culloh.
easily recognized by Tobacco Mount, a conical
ill 68O feet high,) Cestos, Sangwin, Bafaon., Tas-
son, Little Booton, Grand Bootoe, Sinon, and
Bloobaria Point opposite, distant about sO miles
from Grand Bassa,) Kroubalh. Little Krou, Settra
KroU, Manna Krou, mRing Vilis Bay and Town,
(these five towns including all most properly
termed -Kron or Kroo people,) Little Nifou, Middle
Nifon, Great Nilou, Pickaniny Seaters, and Grand
Sesters, the present extremeasoutherr, lemit of the
Republic.
POPULATION.
The emigraot population inr the Republic is esti-
mated at 6,000, and the native population at
140,000 to 200,000. Of the Maryland colony, the
emigrant inhabitants are about 900, and the natives
estimated at Li00,000, separated into numerous
small tribes, varying in language, independent of
each other in matters of domestic concern, yet
slightly united, within certain limits, on questions
of general and common intereaL Tho native
peopleof tbis region of Afrioabear astcrikinig s imi-
lantyin manners, character, and superstitious.
The Fey or Vey tribe, a people more enterpri-
sing, proud and warlike than m.sst of thenr neigh-
bors, inhabit the country- from GalIc-nas to Cane
Mount, and to the distance of tbirty miles inlandt :
have been much addicted to the slave trade, and
are probably, in number1 from twelve to fifteen
thossand. The Deys occupy the country or the
coast from Cape Monnt to Cape Moniserado ; are
more mildindolent aid inoffenaise than the Veys,
and perhaps by ooe-half less numerous. Between
the languages of these tribes there is stmes alni--
ty ; both are rude and imperfect.
The Bassas are sautlI o0 Cape Mootserado, are
more noamorons than- both of toe preceding tribes,
and with their allies in, the county of Grand BSu-
sa, are estimated at fifty thousand.
The native African population of SiC-a resem-
ble those of Bassa--arc,perhaps, more associated,
if not to some extent blended with the Fish men
and Kroomen (who arenumemrus on thatregicinof
the coast) and more connected in traffc with the
interior tribes. Like other natives who occupy
positions along the sea shore, they hive somui
knowledge of the English language.
Still further south, we amve at the country of
the Kroamen or Kroomen-a people the most dis-
tinct, intelligent, and remarkable to be found on
the coast of Western Africa. The Kroo mark | a
black line, mnch darker than the skin from the top
of the forehead to the end of the nose) has been
adopted by those not originally of their communi-
ty ; and their name is usually given by strangers
to the people of three different tribes who exhibit
this mark-the Fishmn, the Sattra Kroo people,
and the people of Nifbu.


The Wishnen derive their name from their uni-
versal occupation in fishing, when not employed
by foreigners. They are the largest aid strongest
men upon the coast; most adroit in the manage-
ment of canoes and boats; and marked by a pe-
culir enlargement of the ankle joint, produced by
their mode of sitting in theircanoes; are less vaim,
politic, agreeable, and, perhaps, less trusty than
th1e Kroomen, indeed charges of treachery and


rruely are with reason urged against them;) and,
while they inbabit townTs separated by considera-
ble intervals along the bea.:b from Grand Bassato
CapePalmas, they probably embrace a population
ol *0,000.
The Kroa people proper-that is, tbihuoea who ia-
habit Setsra Krr-o and four other towns in 1" vi-
cinir-y-sprin from a uninn of several tribes, whi
came some `251 years ig irrm about 3'0 miles in
the intceri.'.r, ander r.ne artid the same g.,-ernment.
They early Iurmv. a,-aompacr with the Portaa'i-,e
ala;. tr lisr. whuoi the "y were a .-:uit.'mr-.l i) as-
si-t. bv '--'i-cU th.- adi'[.t:n on thbe.ir prrt ulthe -re
culiar Kroo mark was to be deeried a sien of ex-
emption from slavery ard th.:ir D ime. Kroomen,
is Eoppi..ed t., be [,ut a c.rruInt-.in of tihe word
crewrr- n, so very nr:tarally a.i. afpopip;-itl., ap.
plii d ti h ,ni fur lrir 'er i..'., to v.sslads .'n th;
cast PI., parm., and slaver, prevail smainO them
tlieu-hli thc-Ith u.:er enslave each otler, uor sr!l
slaves but to persons 61 their ow'n t ribe
The Mlalsn.l .d.;1uiv. r.' Cil-c P.-lcaa, exerts,
perhaps, a I,-Ps .-,iv.' nr.j e... rr ...tr ,-" authorityy
over its large native population than is exerted
by the Government of the Republic; yet the.in-
fluences of the intelligent and respectable officers
is highly beneficial, and must increase; while
the missionary establishment within its limits
excites our admiration, and deserves the most li-
beral support.
In regard to the third subject of inquiry speci-
fied in Mr. Gurley's instructions-" the form of
the government, and the characters of the leading
men in the executive, legislative, and judicial de-
partments "-the Report alludes to the Constitu-
tion of the Republic of Liberia, fully pervaded by
the spirit of liberty, and, in all vital particulars,
conformed to the model of our own American
free government. No provision is contained in
this Constitution for the existence of separate
State Governments, nor do its framers appear to
have contemplated nor desired their existence;
but in the provision for the election of the Presi-
dent and Representatives every two years; in the
subordination of the military to the civil power;
in the declaration of the right of trial by jury,
of universal toleration in matters of religion, and
of the 'freedom of the press; and in the prohibi-
tion of the slave trade and slasery,-have the
people shown the purpoesiand ability to rear, for
the Iprotection of their liberiles, a wisely limittid
andjustly curuatrctei republican government.
REVENUE.
For the two years previous to the independ-
ence of the Republic, the annual revenue of the
Government, derived mainly from the six per cent
ad valorem duty on imports, amounted to from
eight to ten thousand dollars. With a view to
augment the public revenue, the Legislature, after
the adoption of the present Constitution, author-
ized and instructed the Secretary of the Treasury
.to import leaf tobacco, powder, salt, muskets and
other fire-arms,1ith earthern and croclk.ery ware,
(articles in greet demand for the Al'fripun trad.-,i
and to dispose of these articles at a certain specr
fied advance on the first coat. But it is said this
meinopoly by the Gov ernment has not met the
public cEixpctution, and that it will hd greatly
modified il not wholly abandoned On all coods
importi-d intlOthe Repblic is imposed e duryotfsix
percent, with certain ex.. eptons spec.:itid,wher.-
in the duty ;is still hich-r The Presideut, with-
out stating the exact amount of the pre s,-nt re.
venue, .-xprcss,1d the opinin, that it would here-
ftEcr meet the expenses of the Guovernment though
!t must, for some years, fall far short of what
miht he desirabiy expended t.r many objOicts of
public utility)"
MILITARY AND NAVAL FORCE.
In regard to1 "the Military and Navalforce of
tie Republi," to the honor of the people of Li.
beria alc-old it be recorded, that firns there -iar-
ltesit setli-meiot upon enthe African coast they havo
by couurage and uis.-ipine defended themselves
against the mahLinarions of slave traders and] tLe
combined fi-rces of many barbarous tribes, and in
no instauee satlered defeat With the -ixcepri.-e
of such as are exempt in virtue of religious or
civil oices, ill the males in thi Republic, from
the age of 16 to ',e, are subject ti military duty,
may be called at Bany moniect by the Exeenative
into actual service, and in time of peace muster,
on stated days and in obedionce to a uniform law,
in the several settlemerits, for examination. exer-
cise and discipline. This lForce, well armed and
ediscipined, may be in cdmber from 1,000 to l,.'.00
m'-ru, while a moch larp:cr nanv, force might
doubtless Io br.,,ght ,citirnor. or les- eLT.:tual
service, in case J an invasion. Oif Naval force.
the Republic has nothing, with the exception of
one small but btaulifui'vessel, armed with lear
guns, a present from the British Government.
GOV-\"ERNM.NTA.L RELATIONS.
The independence of the Republic has been ac
khuo lodged by both England and France; arnd
between thfortmer and the Republic a treaty of
peace, friendship and, commerce was ratified on
the e1st of August, 184'.1; and hardly week passes
during which armed hbiIs from these or otler civ-
iliej' niat"ons are not seen visiting the ports and
exchanging civilifties with he hospitable inhab-
itants of Liberia. By treaties with many Alrican
ti tLs, the Repnblic has not merely enlarged its
terrntoly, bnt secured the-ir consent to the nbo,.
tin of th:' slave trade, and in the exercise of its
political and judicial authority over them, The
suppression within the limits of toe Republic of
the ordeal by sassywood has preserved probably
thousands frLm a most crael death, and shown a
signaltiuimph of civilized law over superstirion.
A01lKICULTUBf,.
Substantial farmhouses, surrounded by well-
cleared and cultivated plantations of1 I'rom i0 to
3u and :.' or ;0 acres, adorn, on both sides, the
banks of the St. Pauls with occasional iaterrnp
tionsi for the distance of u, miles. Several hun-
dred acres are cleared tin part out of a dense aud
lofty forest) at Bassa Cove, Edina, and at Bexley,
(some '.'i to a miles up the beauti'ul river St.
Johns, and at Greenville, RomavillU and Read
vilie, on the Sinou, are simijar decided evidences
of agricultural industry Ud improvement. It
may be confidently predicted that whenever ade-
quate capital, skill and machinery shall be intro-
duced, the culture of rice and cotton, the asugar-
cane and coffee, will proe as successifuai and prof-
itable as in any region of the world.
Mr. Darymple, in La 79, found three different
kinds of cotton at Gores, and states sbat it grows
spontaneously everywhere, and that the samples
sent home were considered by English merchants
superior to that from the \Vest Indies. Accord-
ing to the testimony of Colonel Denham, 'las
quoted by Mr. Buxton,i ootton of three kinds-
white, brown and pink-grows wild about Sierra
Leone.
The tea plant is reported by McQueen, on the
authority of an Arabian traveler, and others more
recent, to grow spontaneously and abundantly in
the interior of Africar.
MARYLAND COLONY.
Of the Maryland Colony, at Cape Palmas, with
a civULzed population ol about 900, though the
soil may be infenor to that of some of the settle-
merits of the Rejmublin, we may report increasing
attention to Agriculture, and fair prospects of sauc-
ceas. The following statistics on this subject will
show what had been done two years ago *
NH mst-r o acree colilvat ed-................... J--.
Ntmt'er of scres Is poistoes and cassadas... -
Numser 0e1coffee trees-..............- .........II
Numberoi'-i" ietes- --....................... 2,131
Nuismber of orari treesa..............-....... 1t
Numeeroe'platraiL n ....................ce,-- '-
Nu-ber ococoa.ul Iraen -...a................ 6
Nuener at cocoa ac mango tr-e--............ Iu,
Hnomier of oeher fnur trees-..........- ........ 1,-
TRADE.
The entire suppression of the slave trade with-
in, and in both diections far beyond, the limits of
the Republic, the order, peace and security aris-
ing under a just and well-admimnstered Govern-
meat, the new encouragement and rewards ex-
tended to industry, in connection with the vast
extent ai the camwood furesti. and the great num-
ber and productiveness of the palm trees-give
reason to anticipate a rapiil increase in the amount
of some of the most valuable articles of Afracan
commerce. Of the present amount ol imports and
exports, different opinions are expressed by in-
tel.ignt citiznse of the Republic. The Committee
at Smou estimate the imports annually at about
*490,000, and the exports at $700,0,)0. The Com-
mitre of Monrovia represent that of palm oil are
snnalUy exported from the Republic Sao,000 gal-
les MISSIONS.
Tie Methodist Episcopal Church has fourteen
day' schools and eighteen Sunday s,:houis, afford-
ing .'uatranction to 690 pupils.
Theouthern Baptist Board of Missions have
gather 'Ii into their schools in the Republic 390
children, so of whom are children of native Afri-
cans; a.'d their missionaries preach to 10,000 of


the native population.
The Nor.iern Baptist Board have missionary
schools at B sxley, Ln Basis County, and at Little
Bassa, at the former 24 native pupils and at the
latter 16-both jshoolp being conducted byeda-
catednaivetewchelr A Baptist church i oz-


ganized min connection with this mission at
Bexley.
Several missionary stations are occupied by
the B,-ard ol the Presbt'. t -rian Church, (Old School,)
and B.s-houl-Is and churches maintained by them at
Monrovia, Sinou, and on the banks of the St. Paul's
River. A plan is already adopted for the estab-
lishment and endowment of a high school at Mon-
rovia, to bear the honored name of Alexander, to
be sustained by donations of members of this
communion. .
JaMr Janie'ss.:],c,,l at M.1nrovia, wl.ich do-
ri'a .sipp.ift I.um tinhe L ene.r.ler.t ladies ,,New-
York City, I concur in the opinion of Mr. Harris,
that "it would be an honor and an ornament to
any New-England village."
The Mission of the Protestant Episcopal Church
at Cape Palmae (the seat of the Maryland Colony)
has three native male schools, containing about 70
pupils, and two female boardine-schools, contain-
ing about 40 scholars. In the S.la,.]y and night
schools are about 220 to 240 pupils, of both sexes.
In addition to these schools for natives, are two
day and two Sunday schools for the children of
the colonists.
Of native and colonial children, the number
under the care and patronage of this Mission
exceeds 300. Of native communicants there are
about 45, and in connection with the colonial
church 25-making, in all, 70 members.
AFRICAN COLONIZATION, &c.
In concluding his Report, Mr. Gerley thus al-
ludes to the subject of Colonization:
It is the success of the plan of African Cole-
nization, as seen in the Independent Republic of
Liberia, that most conclusively commends it to
national consideration. On that far distant shore,
for ages darkened by superstition and outraged
by crime, a community of free colored persons
from the United States, aided by American be-
nevolence, have adopted a Constitution of free
Grvernm,:rnt. and taken their high position amceg
the indepei.dent States -o the world. England
and France have acknowledged their righLt u
selfguoverment, and the;r juor ..iaimi to the re-
spect and cormity of nations V hat higher moe
tives can be imagined than those which have
given ,:xistei.e to tIhis Republic? What work
more hinorahble or sublime than that to which it
is de.-cated and destined? Though at present
few in numbers and very limited inmeans, a vast
field for action and influence opens before it; and
in its Constitution and laws, in the spirit of its
people, the" advantages of its position, and the
motives and necessities of those who are hasten-
ing to build u pjILtbeir rmes and their fortunesun-
derthe shadow of it a Alga. ''e isc the rh imnients
of mighty power, of an uibouJnded growth and
prosperity.
The rapid increase of free persons of color in
misiny of the States of this Unionthe importance,
l.r their benefit more than our own, of their or-
ganization into a community by themselves, in
the land of their ancestors; the immense'advan
itres iinch a community must secure to itself and
e :e nd ti others, by developing the resources and
turning into legitimate channels the commerce of
Africa, by the c;.i;i;ut;cii it must impart, and the
moraland political truths it must exemplify and
enforce among her ignorant, .debiiled and chaotic
population-all commend the fi-epubhi.: of Liberia
to the regards of the General G,,i. r'inm at of this
Union.
From the presence of cn' s-1uadron on the Af-
rican coast, benefits. doiabrltaes, acre bo-th to
Liberia and to ouur ,w-u eaumer.ee, but I may be
perm tite i:, the :.oclu':in6 of this r'epolt, t.
avow the opinion that a r'.cit.-r.it;ion by the GOT.
eminent of the United Stuates ,ii. th inadepeauineae
of h -tbRepublic if L;bera. and an aprprpcrittun
ol Filiy 5 hct houriiil. -llars a vtar fr teiu years,
to tenable that Rpublict t'. cirry oat the princi'
liaes o l i Coneitutiuon, I.-r the happiness ol those
b hu, Iru- this corntry, ire ssceking a ho-me upon
its si..il for th.. snppressiun of the slace trade,
and the i :ivlizatin ol Africa. would bh in liqr-
'ony with the character asd sentiments of the
orrii'n, and pi-.e stability. progress and triumph
tu Liberty and Christianity on the African shore.

LABOR IN THE COUNTRY.
Work Precarious and ill-pald-Cause and
ithe Remedy.
Tu lihe Ed.i- u.r j The D e-t.t,,,
In your paper of Dec -I,is a letter headed Ad-
eice to Laborers-SociaZl Organization, signed C.
C. The writer advises the unemployed orpartialy
empli.yed mechanics and lauborers to fleeatotho
country where the bounteous stores of Providenoe
are full to overflowingp, and where there is felt a
want of faithful laborers, arnd not congregate in
Cities, eat up every thing and then starve. As I
have had a little experience in that matter I wish
by your pemriission to presentthe other sideofthe
subject.
1 im an Englishman by birth, (moat of the poor
people in thbe Atlantio Cities are foreigners) and
was brought up to agriculture. I landed at New-
York in the early part ofr July. 184;., I left the day
alter for Albany, thence to Buffalo : on the way I
was informed I could get S1 per day for mowing.
Tr.e thought of that cheered me. But the longest
time I ever had the opportunity to hire for that
Summer, cah pay, was one month at 5- cents per
day-also, one chance tobire permanently, receiv-
ilg pay in store goods from astore ninth e neighbor-
hood, towhich my employer would have given me
an order. Both ol these I declined in hope to do bet-
ter. Finally I t- ,or 8 dadoys workonly, (forcash)
and when harvest was over I was unable to get
any employment at all, lor cash, either with tar-
mers or at iron works, at several of whichI ap-
plied, though I traveled 4 or 500 miles. I was at
last compelled to adopt another means ol lnlng
reqi ing an Itincrent mode of life which is un-
congenial to my habits and feelings, by which I
have obtained a precarious support for my wife
and six children, who remain in the City ol New-
York. But still I was so strong in the belief that
the country was the most natural and best to get
along in, that I made another put out in le1 with
my family, four of my children being able and for
sometime been used to work. In the majority ol
cases where I solicited employment for any of my
family itwas proposed to me to takethem fortheir
board, or adopt them, or take them for 3 or 4
years and give them a setting out, as it is called.
Board was offered me a few weeks ago for the
laborof a young woman over .0 years old, that
had 4; per month in the city. The only season
of the year when in the country the demand for
labor and tbe supply stand on anything like equal
terms, is the hb-vest time for two months or so,
wherein a man may get full employ and the cash
for it at from '.0 cents to 61 per day-the remain-
der of the year hewi I have to work on such terms
as the farmer wishes, except in Winter, when he
can get no work at all, with better wages than his
board and lodging.
In answer, to application for work I have fre-
quently received such answers as the following:
What williou work for I You foreigners are
not worth much at firsL, you want learning. What
will ye.n take Iforpay 7 "Will you take corn, or a
cow, or some tbogs, or lumber, orstoro goods I' or
will yOn let yoar wages lie and I will give you a
Note 1 Fainers dont get much money. Farmers
don't like to pay money Such answers betray
one of two thiuE., either au inabiliry to pay, which
possibly may be tree, or what is more pirobable. a
desire to get there work done ascheap as possible.
C Cisays men will get their work done as cheap
as they can, and he asks how you can prevent it.
I do Bot want to prevent them from doingit as
cheap as they wish it, only let them do it them-
selves. The Freedom of the Public Lands will
present them from getting it done so cheap by
others, and I believe there are other means, prac
trial ones too, which would secure to every man
an equal amount ot labor in exchange for his awn,
and an equal amount of labor to each icidividunal if
they choose to perform it Lastly he says, i1 all
who supply will congregate in ne place and glut
the market they must expect to labor for low
wages, it is nature's penalty for them. foolish and
unthinking, as they are, in their coarse of leasing
employers in the country to suffer for the want ot
that labor which nature has provided. Bet tils
condition of things is not nature s ordination. Her
ordainance of supply and demand is this tbe
wants of individuals is the demand, and theirheads,
hands, and the earth are the supply. They are forbid
- the use of the earth by law and reduced to the con-
datcn of menial which state of things C. C. says
is the ordination of nature. Naturejand Divine
Pro-idence ace thus made to stand god father to
national and popular wrongs. I. H. c.
I have been loll by an aquasleairce of mine wo lis a
Store-teeper Is hilmo thai farmers clim a dmsounton
such orrsie saying as tie same time they know how to
d ItL"


17 Dr. F. J. PRADT.'r, Surgeon Dentist, of
Schenectady, was killed by the accidental dis-
charge of his gun while out on a bhanming excur-
sion the other day.
R Hon. SAMUEL WARD Kino, ex-Governor
of Rhode-Island, died on Tuesday last at his resi-
dence in Providence.


THE NEW-YORK TRIB E.


thering Heights' and Agnes Grey,' my sisters brother Enos died. On tha elt irsL. him brother
works which had already been in press for months, William died of the same disease. On the 3d a
still lingered under a different management- Dutch boy belonging to the ship died. On the
They appeared at last. Critics failed to do them sith Mrs. Jane Pratt, the wife of Capt. Timothy
.nstice. Neither Ellis nor Acton allowed herself Pratt, died. leaving a little boy 9 years of age,.
for one moment to sink under want of encourage- who hss been kind, taken charge of, and will be
ment; energy nerved the one, and endurance sent to the States by the earliest conveyance'-
upheld the other. They were both prepared to Others were taken sirk on board the bark and
try again; I would fain think that hope and the sent to the hospital, until the vessel was entirely
sense ofpower was yet strong within them. But deserted. [Wilnminton, (N.C.) Commercial.


Central America-l Population and State of a great change approached; allIlotion came in
Education. that shape which to anticipate is dread; to look
The following extract from Dunlap's" Central back on, grief. In the very heat and burden or
America," published in London in 1847, will be day, the abohrers failed in their work. My sister
read with interest, as the above work. is one of Emily throat denied. She sank rapidly. She
made haste to Ivt aur She died DecomberlI!,
thelatest Mand mostreliablesourcesofinformation ife?18. We tht.uplt this enounglih: but we were
as to the above interesting country: utterly and pre.u, pi,'ou5ly wrong. She was not
"The native population of Central America buried ere Anne i iiil. bSho had not been corn-
may be said to consist of six dtsitiiuiLt ranes,which, milltte.] to the grrn. i tftririht, before we received
however, have been intermixed to so great an distinct intinitini that it was necessary to pr.e-
CS.T --i, Irl thLir,&riiEliu, eiu.LLutcritteaLtraced. rasrecur inlirnsn tn, ithe uouner sieritr go after
"l.-',,. M be ,'lahsutd h. hlie dcseendahta the eiler. Aet.'..nii61y. bLio lillowed in the same
(ci -,.anih rok.itEisr. pnhttwi talwelst, r ,i'. ast with a patience that
",Seconrd: The mestizo descendants of Span- equaled the other's fortitude. .
lards and Indians. .
"Third: The mulatto descendants of Spaniards Clifornin In 1550.
andnegroes. "The history of C. ii rr.. .Vi daring the past
"Fourth: The zambo descendants of Indians year, with accounts of the successive conflagra.
and negroes.
"F./h, The native or indigenous Indian. tins which v, i, l i.: Ci f San Francisco, tho
"'S..*h The African negro. overflow of the Sadi imoarit. Ilier, expeditions
"In all the States except Costa Rica the see- from San Fau.;-ci., ii tio exploration of the
and and fifth classes are much the most numerous. CoastofTri:.i;Jmi Bi', n, ow Idi.i-:-ries, the first
"The State of Guatemala is said to contain about
1,000,000 of inhabitants, the Indians of whom mtii;igftbeL.egislature th. re.epti.not.rCali.-
probably amount to 800,000, the mestizoes to fornia into the Union; ihe Emigration, and the
150,000. The whites in New and Old Guatemala yield and T.'p'cias u.f the Gold-Mines-are con-
may amount to 4,000 or 5,000, but in other parts of stained in the Wi\.. Almanac fr, r 1E This state-
the State not above 20 or 30 will be found in the
largest towns, and I do not suppose that their meant comprises a lI-.- ar..unt ol valuable infor-
Stotal number exceeds 7,000 or 8,000. nation, prepared from the liltct sources express-
"In San Salvador, supposed to contain 350,000 lyforthis work. It wilt be fouid a convenient
inhabitants, the [inaibere. whitce':o..s nct appear manual for reference.
to exceed 3,000 or 4,000, as they are only found in -
the principal towns of the State; of the rest about Flax-Growing at the West.
two-thirds would appear to be mestizoes and in- crreaon.'i. icee of iu7i. Trii'oua
digenous Indians, the number of the other classes '" i tL T r..iu',iui|C., iiiiO.),i Jau
being very trifling. Hondurasissaidtocontaina Hasing seca a i r.rttiiiiut i, TI. re l',/i'y Trib.
population of 250,000; of these there may from r. f. .c t ." -d.i .e re. eo ,..,F, ,, I Hemp, Ac.
4,000'to 5,000 whites, and 20,000 to 30,000 negroes, r o t, '' rl., F emp,
zamboes and iiul5tio,, uL tbe bnorihlcast '.oat I take the liberty to commuai.-ate to you a few
only, the remainder cnrsiiiinir of about one half facts (which you are at liberty to publish if you.
m,atiiuoei asid one half indigenous Idians. see fi on the giETUwith and preparation of Flax, as
"In Nicaragua, t*e population of which is esti-
mated at 300,000, there may be 2,000 or 3,000 it now stands in tis at of the t. I hav
whites, aond *3,uu0 or ,'."j0 ol negro blood in the been for two or three ears engaged in buying
pori, of thie remaining pop.'ult.:-n about a third Flax and cleaning it out for the manufacture of
are mic.ri:zc.is aid two thirls i ndigerio's Inrl;ans. Paper. for which it is well adapted, but I am be-
ir. I, C...&H, Itica. tb- population oi which is rated coming more and more satisfied that. with proper
at se'e,00o.ar leat .0u,iii are whites, the rermBniiider
cunisisting ol a lew c-r,ucs rn'ear the port of Ma. machinery, Flax can be cleaned and picked so as
tines, on tIe l io theast coast, and niestizoes and be spu into Twine andYarn.
their des.-cernlEnuts who Lave come from the othor The machines now in use clean it entirely free
Str, Il, sa Ive- ni. nol i. rl a sriigl pure Iludian. from ,the stock or woody part., atan expense of
"LIIf the loreiflcgrs, the nailies ol fSpain are by only $3 per tun; ilt .they do not leave the flber
f.," tit.. nrst rumerones, being 'encially eamgrants straight like the larnddressed, Flax. It does not,
frum An...t.-ia and Marcin, either ol the luwer however, destri,3 thestrength and length of the
classes, or desperate adventurers who have been fiber, but IoeaVts it tla:,i,'d so as to roldire piok.
i o;Ld in thei ,wn coruin rtty anr.d come to Central ing before it cae, be spun This I am satisnfiled can
America i. push their lr:,oit:a inanymanner.- be done with little trouble, and so picked aM to a&-
lJiLK,rtturt.13. iliey form the great bulk of the low it to be carded and drawn much the sameqas
crmeitirl i lass, excepting the petty dealers, Wool or Cotton.
and have a character decidedly worse in all re- The Flax wb,.h I purchase is raised for the
aspects than the same class amnic, ih.' natives. I seed alone. It is muwn and cured the same as
do not think there are a dozeu, Enl;ish in all Cen. bay, and then threshed or tramped with horses;
tralAmerica; there'maybe 30 or-it French, and alter whi.h, if nrtessry, it s rotted. It yields,
as many Germarn, and 20 or 30 of all other for- in this Stat. .nbh:ot :u per cent of tiber, and is
eigners, cxci-cpLtn th. B.loiaus, wlb:., since the considered by the,- farmrer f. no value whatever;
foundation or the Colony of Sl Tiromasi, arc miu.:h but for Paperr it will werrait pa.'iug from S to
more numerous in the State ol ti,,rtemala l i,' erun, whirl, in addition to the seed, makes
"The ;-iiuraic,.e, ;-e .and. superstition prevail- one of the' best creps now raised and as a fallow
", iCerthl Anier i ate p-robabl, hardly to be frwheat it is cosiered superior to any other
equaled i any oilier part oi the world, unless it Ereap.
nmy he in theit i Ai. a or T'he East India I have irelantly been told that, with seidat
Islands. In the towns, nct ontc ;r, ten caun rea.d or 1 per bushel, arnd 10 p-er inn for the Flax, itis
wiite. sod in man) parts of tre cronitrv not one ardULeJe'4 t he .',.'rp thit eii. be raised, both lr
;i a ti..sand In 11 ,.an i -etai;ing sme the lail and the laimer. Ard as every acre that
thousarnd irhabi.ranrs, 1o p'i.en ;s to he found is designed for wl..-at wll produce a fallow crop
who can read, ad whir, a tr,-ir ler is ,-ompelled of Flax, iherre is no limit to lie niount that may
te stl-w hia puupoit io the Alcide, who ,a tlhe 'be raised. Only le thb nimarket be opened, and
irrt ,,,1I and ,nremir, l J.di,, 1- ;is i eierally re Ohio will produce more pounds of Flax than
quested in rc ad ,t. Moralir3 is at the lowest ebb Georgia can of Cotton-and all ,on "Free Soil,"
among all classes, especially the whites and c.e at that.
le's. iIl,-1, [ cu.ld nerer rind that r,.-bg th.m n The Flax that is, pulle.l for ,irsing by haud
any 'iapra,:'. as attached to any sort ot crime also produces a crei i fseed, and is rotted and
ecsLpt [.ett3 larceny. Mur.ler, per.urv, for'-ry, dressed oar in the winter time. It is considered'
and swindling of all sorts, are considered as quite to be worth ra half tlie value of the prepared
Serial." ..... Flax to break and dress it, and it sells at from
S $____ Sit' to $140 per tun. At this price it will pay a
CENTRAL AMuEfidsA-An American, recently" man air wages hr cleaning by hand.
witin m unt de A s a pt i C pBut a small proportions of the am.i-eit raised is
writing from JPunta de Arenas, a port in Costa pulled, as it requires a large amount of labor at
Rica, says: the busiest season of harvest, hut with proper in-
"The countrywe are now in is very pretty, but ducciment one hall the Flax now grown in this
the inhabitants-are the most illain.uas lulilo, set section could be pulled and prepared for dressing
I ever laid eyes on, and weie it rot that I n.--a in by machinery.
a whbIle see an American or ar Enghibmman. I It" some ingeni,.as Yankee will turn his atton-
norild tl,;rk I was in a i of orbe:ail.,eus. As thuir tion to the manufacture of Flax, I ha e ono doubt
fc-od arnd -lothing cost but a trifle, they are natu- but in, a vcr-' few years a yar.-l of Linen sheeting
rally ao in,]:ilent pe,.ple, lounging about, smoking tmay be, sol at the same pried as Cotton, and
cigars, and chatring with each otherfrom morning then, wo be to the "peculiar institmnon," which
to night builds itseul ap on a Coeltr, fuuidatin.
= TtUMBULL
The Three Shiters-Cnrrer, Ellis, and Acton Profit d Lo-The Leapse.
Bell.Ps
Three Seats ago appeared "Jane Eyre," The formation of a Free Trade League
Cerrer Bell; WVthering Heights," by Ellis ii, our City for the avowed purpose or pro--
Bell; and "Agnes Grey," by Actn Bell. The motin the abolition of all Import Duties
critics wrt'e pezled with these Bells. Were mbp
they only one? and was that one a man or a whatever and the subBtitution of Direct
woman ? The mystery has now been cleared in therefor,has very na rally excited
a preface to "Watbering Heights" and "Agnes T ect
Grey." They were three sisters, the eldest of interest in Great, Britain. The Glasgow
whcm bMipssn/inslCarrer, Bell, alone suries, Dail Mail lothus peculate5 thereon
and desenbes their home sai-" a village parson-'er
age, aniong the bills bordering Yorkahire and Our able New York correspondent notices a
Lancashire. The scenery of these hills n not new organisation in the Uinited States, for the
grand-it is not romantic; it is scarcely striking, purpose of changing the cummion mode of levying
Long low moors, dark with heath, shots in little taxes. At present, the general revenue of the
values, where a stream waters, here and there, a Union ,a almost entirely derived from customs
fringe of stunted copse. Mills and scattered cot- duties. The local expenditure is chiefly raised
Eaie t@chase romance from these valleys: it is by direct taxes. So lunga ss the Republic depends
only higher up, deep in among the ridges of the for its general revenue on customs duties, free
moors, that imagination can find rest for the sole importations will be impossible. A 'eapectable,
o0 her foot: and even if she finds it there, she although a small party in New.York. have ex-
mist be a solitude.loving raven-no gentle dove. pressed a desire to change the present plan of
If she demand beauty to inspire her she must meeting the exi-cndicure. They are chiefly eona-
bring it in-bornm; these moors are too sten to nected with the European commerce, and they
yield any product so delicate. About five years want free exports and imports. As a preliminary
ago, my two sisters and myself, after a somewhat and a proper condition, they want to remodel the
pirlodped period nrf separation, found ourselves taxation of Ithe erommurity. The wisdom which
reutiunitcd and at home. Resident in a remote dim. has led them tu commerce at the beginning of the
trict where education had made little progress, uleRstieri, instead uf dskineg into the middle, rather
and where, consequently, there was no induce, augurs well for their ultimate success. The New.
meant to setk social intercourse beyond oar own Ie'-k Erening PsIt is the only jnirnal in whioh,
domestic circle, we were wholly'dependent on so far as we hbve yet observed, their views are
ourselves and each other, on books and study, for clearly defended. The Ercning Post does not
the enjoyments and occupations of life. One even appear lto be a paper of great commercial
day, in the Autumn of 1e45. I accidentally lighted weight, bat this party in the States will .iti-
on a MS. volume of verse in my sister Emily's lately embrace a large part of thie aommeriolal
handwritirg. Of course, I was not surprised, community. At present. Mr Collins, whole name
krowiig that she could not write verse: I looked is connected with the steamers from New.York,
it over, and somerinE more than surprise seiz.:d is the principal promoter of direct taxation. Mr.
me,-a deep conviction that these were not corn. Collina differs in this respect materially from
mon efausions, nor at all like the poetry women many of his contemporaries in this country. He
generally write. Meantime, my younger sister sees, however, in his plan the only means of car-
quietly produced some of 'her own compositions, ring unrestricted commercial intereoarse. His
mntimatirg that,since Emily's had given me pleas' project is comprehensive and interesting to the
narr, I migLt like to look at hers 1 cosid not but people of Great Britain. who get little of their
be a partial judge, yet I thought that these revenue from the importation of United States
overseas too had a sweet sincere pathos of their produce, and could therefore lose only that little,
own. We had very early cherished the dream and uwaild gaisa much more by thed success of this
of one day becoming authors. This dream, never troansatlanttc rejcrmn Oar correspondent is a man
relinqaishcd even when distance divided and ab- of facts and figures. He has an evident tendency
sorbing tasks occupied us, now suddenly acquired to the investigation of probabilities, without the
strength and consistency; it took the character tinge thst parry enthusiasm sometimes throws
ol a resolve. We agreed to arrange a small se- over the account. lie has studied the American
election of our poems, and, if possible, get them character deeply, and be distinctly says that the
printed. Averse to personal publicity, we veiled new party cannot progress. The Americans en-
our own names under those of Carrer. Ellis, and tertam a rooted hatred to many proposals, and to
Acton Bell. the ambiguous choice being diotated none more than that of'direct taxes.' We hbav
by a se'rt of conscientious scruple at assuming no doubt that he is perfectly right in the mean-
Christian names positively mnasline, while we time. The co,,stitnuucces uf the United States-
did rot like to declare ourselves women because left to their sense of justice, their desire of proit,
-without at that time susp,, ting that oer mode their feeling of rectitode-left to themselves well
of writing and thinking was not what s called not impose a direct tax on their own earnings. o0
'lemmnine'-we had a vague impression that indirect taxes on their own prodactiocs. They
authorcesses are liable to be looked on with pro- will ri'rrs ire It het i -nuiattd /.y a all/ etcs'rtioa oq
jldices we had noticed how critics sometimes this sideofthe rraoer They wil act in the matter
use for their rhasrisement the weapon of person with more vigtor if they learn that the scheme is
ality, and for their reward, a flattery, which is not I necessary for thenr own benefit than if no such
true praise. The bringing oat of our little book intimation be received. Although we have no
was bard work. llu-success failed to crush us: reason to expect thbs sccess of this scheme in the
the mete crfuit to succeed bad given a wonderful I United States at an early date, or so long as our
zest to existence, it must be pursued. We each I present regnlstions exist, yet we notice its an.
set to work on a prose tale Ellis Bell produced |aoncement in evidence that some of the princi.
't*W'nthering Heights,' Acton Bell 'Atnes Grey' pal merchants in the Union do tiot fear direct
and Currer Bell also wrote a narrative in-one taxes, but perhaps they do not understand them.'"
volume. These M88. were perseveringly oh- .
traded upon various publishers for the space of a I' A Eleluacholy Slste--All Gone.
year and a half, usually, their fate was au iguno- There is a singular snd lamentable history con-
minious and abrupt dismissal. At lag'" Welher I nocted with the bark Abbey Baker, of Yarmouth,
rig Heights' and 'Agnes Grey,' were accepted Me. now lyine at our levee She was command.
on terms somewhat impoverishing to the two so. i ed by Cmpt. Tinotliy. Pratt-his wife and family
thorm. I was titen just completing 'Jane Eyre,' were also on board with him. Capt. Pratt died s.
at which I had been working while th.e one- short time before the arrival of the bark at San
volume tale was plooding its weary round in Francisco. Augustus Pratt. his son, who had
London; in three weeks I ment it off', friendly been acting as mate,then took charge and brought
and skilful hands took it in. This was in the com- the bark into Bay and up toeacramento. On the
mencoemeat of September, 1847, it came out be- 30th of last month he became ona of the unfortu-
fore the close ot October following, while' Wa- nate victims of the cholera. One hour after, his







YORK I


have i ariTved trom mevey w -cmmcial mart om
earth thi iron from Chin a, wool
from Smyrna fruit tom Malaga, coffee from Cuba,
cotton from Georgia, sugar m Louiiuana,-do
theynot preackhtous at the corners of the stree
at ent f the gates,. on our docksand
in our custom s and exchanges, sermons on
the ual dependence of manind 71

FRANCE.
ewf-Year's Showo MdFestIvlIdes-Lonls Na-
poleon-Political Prisoners -Persecutton
of the Prwess-iPars Sreete-Ca0ris DI*-
covery.
Correspondence of The Tribune.
?Asxe, Thursday, Jan. S, L.
The festive rejoicings of the past week have oc-
conpied the whole city, to the almost total excl-
sin of every other topic, and ample justice seems
to have been done to the varioa preparations
made by all classes of society, each according to
the measure of itl possibilities, in honor ofthai
double festival ofthis pleasant eason, the bright-
eat of the social year.
The brilliant effect of the shops of Paris,in the
fun glory of their holiday disply,;ispro verbiit;
and this year ha been ushered in with a profusion
of elegance and luxury inno degree behind the
traditions of its predecessors. Azid how a -dmin
ble are these creations of the inventive genius of
Man-thege trumphsotf uin Labor over it


uamtry, so
ftbo Few
ry obf the
oker-on at
World, is
e brilliant
fProgress
as.phere
les. The
re t glded


site products o0
vided'for the i


IFor Tha TiTbune. jb
TNIrr....BX E. J. EAME. e


Adirondac, N. Y......
S ATtURD
Iowa City. Iowa. .........
Rome,N.MY.............
Lockport. N Y ........,
SubscrIptIonsreceli
PonudrldgeK.......
BarervilleBCnn ... ....
Greenwich, Coan. ..
Phelpe, N;;..........
Gaines, N.F.......
Meridian, N.Y........
Italy HOlOw,NY......
WatervIlle, Me.......
Hollldayb!rg, Pa....
sdz- Soburiptioa
New.Yrlt............
Connectlctit......,...
Maine..............
Vermont...............
Pennsylvania.......


Lblished Vernon, do...............
options, Delphi, do.............
option prftoR Q ho ......,,.,...
Brer Nort-FarffoeMO'wo......
every "trth aton, Ohio;......
assador Albion, Pa................
,rsiies Plutea, Pa...'. ..........
0 MontpeUler. Vt............
Corpo- Burnvifle. Conn...........
nods Sebscriptioos
Decem New-Y ork..............
ryfrom Long Island .,..........;.
Melhe ......... ...........
t and Connecticut............
e P o, N .Y MOND
o ~e 0, oeo, No ..............
iceasse. Wnor, MN.Y.............
without Mexico,N-Y............
S Bristol, N.Y...........
ite," is 8uas OrovePa&.........
snd BeWvdere... I.............
*?nanfl a r."Tren. VE . ....


.:,Ma..... 2


........... I
........... 1
.1:^
.1""'..


te Weekly Tribune.
1. [. "- :"'
*Milford.Pa.......... 2
MUMon Pa....;....... 2
Allegany, Pa........ 20
lairaville Ohio....... 8
graff, Ohio ......... 8
,.H N ...............20
20, N, ... .......... 2
a, Ohio............ 11
ndBtsh,Vt.......... 23
,iu Poft Offre. I
. .........; .. .... ......
Island..............I
Hampshire......... I
nia................. 1
..18." ., *
-Preston, Cone.......20
aville, Ohio.;..... .20
he, Wla.............25
Lear - - ..-...... .....-


.. ................. 2
.~2

3y+S ........:. ....
]ne.N.Y.............2
tlhERat, N Y........ 8
k Stream, N.y........1I5
ua-ioes Posf-OJfceo.
a................4
oAi.................. 2
ana..................I
;land.............. 1,,.1
1.20.
kRun. Ill............20(,


CA BAN3ON, rft of I
r a hot M Amvi.m -


Uabseriptloiu Reeelved to the Daily Trtbmu.
FRlDAY,Jan-17.
WI lco tt.BllCouB.... aPwtnckEB L.......... I
Bnr~iiile, Conn....... :...:: 1 a-aiNT.....
TURDAY JASU. IS.
A eBv .e, Pa ........ N. ll ..i......... 1
UMlen ,.ipalI, .... 1 N.w-0rm..5 ......._.. 1
MoNy. Jan.20.
Aslified, MM........... litonMa.......... 1
Nob-Et.N.Y......... 1Smthtown, L......... 1
Merlden,Corm............ I
TUESDAY. JAN.2.2L Lockport.TN ..........Y..l
Cheshire, Con............1 lardner Me ..............1
Sandusk Cy Oliiio.......1 Monticello, NY.............1
Wincceter . ..n.........I GreanwlchComn..........
WEDNESDAY.Jam. 9.
oMiierVt I. lWaterve,. N Y ......... 1
B! ........... 1 otl_1HT"...-
jboaiwai Kv....... 1|W'etW~indi.Coiii......
% QnBYSN. .... 2 Purdy'sStation, N....... 1
T uos ZnyDATr Jan. 23
Oxford, N.Y........... 1 ITaesboro Pa ............ 1
Watervfle, Me.......... Chleago,.Y............ 1
Bo0tos. Mss.............. 1 Kenooka, Wis............. 1
FliDAY, Jan. 24.
Willamsburg,Ma...... 1 Br.tol Conn............. 1
Lee, ase............... l Milford, Conn.........1
North Adams.Ma....... 2 Clncinnatl Ohio........... 2
Wilkoberre, Pa........... lAlmoond ...... 1
V~lsba AlondR Y..........
Honedale, P : .;G.............. Cadiz, ... ......... 1
B 'aa V3g .. 1Woodbury, Con........ 1
SSATDA JAM..25
Drien, Cons........... IliAtockbrldge BMass........
Two veraPen......... llHerklmer.i.Y ............ 1
Oubsrlptldons received to The Sem-l.Weekly.
FRIDAY. Jan. 17.
Oskfield N.Y.I....;..,. IElPago. New-Mexico.... 1
Stockbrldge N.Y........I. CutervleInd........... 1
Bfl lle, .;.........IlMilton, Ind...............I 1
SATURDAY Jan. 18
Rouse's Point, N. Y .......lcboolcraftMlch .......... 3
MoDnAY, Jan.20.
Fishki],N.Y.............. 2Stamnford,Conn........... 1
WestBr"wnvi"le,P..... 1 Norwalk, Conn.........1.
Okos, Wig........... 1 Attica Ind .............. I
AMltegN c .......... F ,N.Y............. 1
tub, K c...............1A I V -A 21 **


sewked theappoint.
-t W-o, of New-
-and, Tad 5 0earo
masae, aged about
rious rreurrection
Ishdet dooghtarof
are ilaesu, ELEA-
eeld t9ye.sand 15
so fever, in the 33d
istat Physician of
fatnt ,oB offJok
tax CRISY, sad


Loss. 100 jo LT.u ...ma~s UVMW UO m~aasmaa .
o Sonoudayeveoing, JaB., of scarlet froer. WM. LUDWIG, only
son otlWm F. CatIdreld. sged 4 yasM and months .
On Sunday, the 26th, of inflammation of the legs, OSA&NNA&
DUSH, mother of Anlhoby and Jams oeasnroa, aget 56years.
Suddenly. orSatturday, Jas,6, SMITH P.YAIt, agetd7 years.

Californla Vessels Spoken, &c.
l6S 20), lat4S, lon 28 W,bark ithmod, from St John, NB.for
San Frasciro.
OcL 1t lInt 38, Ion 68. ship Ma-atla, of Bath, from Philadelphia for
San iPrenti~ce ,
Jan 16,lat31.I1on 65,brig Venu, o f ad from Bath for Cardenas
and thence to San Fr-eisco.
J ]j19, lat 3530, lon 67, teamer Indepaonaaceheone for San Fran-
Sept 8, let57 0 S.Ion 64 2W, bark Jobs nATaylor, Matti. from
WilibiBBC.(Dec 9,1849.) for San Francisco.
Jn5,t33 48,Ion6033, ship Sea Serpent, lHowland, hecr for
San Francisco.
Deco0, lat27 61, mon 35 10, hip Pactalus, from Boston for San
Friacisco,20dsyeoat. ,.
orv 14. lat 8 40, Ion 30 10, ship Maiatlan, Drummond, from PhFbila-
dephia(Oct 11) for California.
D"C6;l1t2a. 1, Ion Sl 1, ship Leland, Hall, 16 days from Boston
for (hileatts. -^ "-.^ w *.: ^' < ".', ,;*-"
Jan at IIN, Ion 34 i1iW, .p Elasnor, henea for Ca.lifornia. :
Jaa2O,loat 3040n70, a o7,tamship dopfdarc;5dayysahtonecfer
San Franciro.
Jan50,lat3o 36,Ion64 40, bark Crooss, fmBoston for Cliforata

Whalers.
Arratifrw-BedfordI4th,bshipPacific, AIden, Atlantic Ocean, St
Helena Nio 27, wtl 116 bblas sperm oil o board (soeat hom 77 bble.)
The Pacific put back Doc 10,ixatt30S, incoscqnaonceof thesickiness
of.Capt Aiden. Report nothing. I
At tVincents,led 17 barks Fresident, Bowls, Westport black
fisheb; Malta, Dasgit. Halmes'B Hole, 160 sp; Willie, Blrigs, Matta-
poiaett, 0 S p; brig Karch Ryaolda, of NBedlord, clean. Touched a
hortt!ne prenvous, brig Leonidas Corniell, of WetV ftlEoiutre-


IV bark ldareeINWimlow, I
SNy., ladder, New.B-edfwr


Sis Jathe
,IA, wif(
f JosBh


(Poetry.)


bitract a nd
od Person-


PhIlanthropist. By Hepworth
By. ByThomas de QuiLacey.
ry of the Glass-House.
rthe : 1esaing of Bad Luck.
crth.
VlstU to the To is of BordeauE.
ry the Sculptor.
toyof Aeronautie.
Rofet Peel. By Dr. Cockburn,
at.

i-Bush. From htaGerman
the Recoil of Ambition.
Irftmont from i the Germa.
Asale.
WtoIWI.


ee ety snaul surpass
and faltibfulaacofunt o
Whereof it is Thinkinj
TH T .TiBisnxis no
L_ Se.-.-a2 :.:. +X- .


paid in adv
advance pa
tate to subi


*paper


stops when the
iman need hest.l-
ahonsion of beig
r he has left the
Is in imno'annoast4,m


6, Hall, fm Sandwich tIslads,
sal sbip Eleltra, of Naw Leaa
srd balooid, Aug2, 180, all wrll,
ton, Alan, from Bedford, 7 d,
ased at Honololu, was eold by


e-, Nantuck nIl
*port I 013
sported out


'oe-f.Oeeo.
.i........ 1
.............. 1
............... I
.............................................................1


.................I
..................1
...............1
1..............1
BLI.;... ...... 2
..............
'...........10
N............. 7
Ohio.;....... 2
II............ 9
Ind..........22
..............8
N.Y.......... 4
............... 22


.. .... ......... 6
...............1
. . ......... ... 2.
S........... 2


lInesota.'. . .20


SprkteDApril26. to lit. c. (by the oGanges of Ffastuket ) ehhip
;Itogeanot, R.re.-r, Pantuketa, had ttkes 1i0"'bbilsacel eanvs
Vayo April 7th. when i wabs rep d with 1,880 op.

Importations under .the Tarifa of 1S43 and
S 1846.
The WhigAlmanao for 1851 contaips a tabu.
lar statement ofthe value of the AETICLES IM-.
PORTED into the United States during the years
ending 'on the530th June,1844,,'45, '49 and'50,
(after deducting the reexportations,) and the
AMoUNT OFrDUTY which accruedin each, during
the same periodsrespectively-forging a striking
comparative view of the operations of the Tariffs
of 1842 and 1846:.
W iscoisr.-Hon. HsNutY DODGE was releot-,
ed to the U.S. Senate for six years from the 4th
of March next, by the Wisconsin Legislature on
tbe 21st inst. receiving onthe first ballot 69 votes, -
-to 7for Hon. James Duane Doty., "
'BRx-Governaor Ford of Ohio has been struck
,with paralysis, and has not yet recovered.
' S. F.J. TARUE, Esq., is announced as a candi-
3atp for Cm-erea in the Lxnt.ow*(K1.)'V Disdtrict


...............u


N'erailm a, N. Y....... 101
inglp. Subscriptions received from vcrious, Fo-OgcesOe.
S SATURDAY, JANUARY 25.
MassauBsettsa..........I I New-Jeysey............. 1
CGoneetlcut,......... 3 Wisconsin.............1
New-York........ .....4ndtna.. .......2
Jllnolts .........,..... 7 ................. 1
Mich.gan,............. ir

-MARRIED.
OBWedeoday moraing,Jan 2, hy 2 T;by DrI. D.her, FEBDEI-
ICK D. aon of Cal Charfl. B. Tappanto Mis SARAH A. daughter
of the latesCaleb M. Litten), all ofthiBCity.
AtStaunf-rdCo.n. Jan. 23,. by IR,. Dr. Todd. SOLOMON I..
CROBBY,.of ih City. and FREDER A IK DA. aaughliter of t. F.
Wmrig,aE, of Savannah.
, AtSudbury. Mases onthe 20th inst. JOHEN GRIFTH, of Low-
eall toMioLIZASMtITHlf the former place.r
SAtSPotten. Ple,.aoe the Sot ast. b ER,. W. CCoolay, WK.
C. HEDO E IofI flaw-Tort City and M!A.Rr E.da ibi, r of Lb.at.


Iroali

4ul 0 0 D
CfoH

32 t P_


Tie Cheapst 'Newspaper in the World.,

THETRIBUE .FOR 1851.

M 1Now is the time to Subsreibe.

THE DAILY TRIBUNE
Is issued every morning except S Bunday m
lare sheet of fine whtpaper, formingeh t
pages o4,sixCoolummet ea*b or about the miss
of twO average country tpaprs. About
six of theme pages are new every morning; the
aggregate of Rditorifla, 1Oew and ijsr eRanie
being greater than that of any ogtherpaperlI
America, and greater than any but one eO
two in Europe, though its price is but h/lfthat o
otherfirst-classuDailies in this Gountry and las
thaan onefourt the cost of similarjournalsin Bag
land. Two Evening Editions are issued to sapw
ply each subscriber with the latestnews up toth*
hour when his copy maut be mailed.
T- TuRBuONins edited in ohief by HoAMf
IRAELEY, who hua special chargeof all mIttemr
pertainh g to the Poltics and Legislation of 02w
own Country, Its Foregi(Old.World) department
isin charge of OHAILES A. BAA, assistedby able
correspondents in London, Paris, Constantin ip%
ac. &o. Its California intelligence and its
department are in charge of BAyARDTnLti3'o
slated by an efficient corps of reporters. Nt .
pense is or will be spared to render its news om
all quartertsbyTelegraph, ExpressesSteamship
and Mails, as early and reliable as that Of ny
other paper. Price 85 a year, in adwvaneo;three
months $1 50 ..-

THES$Emi-WEEKLY TRIBUNE
Contain nearly FlU the non-advertising matter of
the Daily, except'suchasu is of localinteresto
has beenmsuperseded by fuller andmore exacta
vices before the emi-Weekly is issued. It is ot_
thesameasize with the Daily, and 'ais fewa'dvap
tisements. Prince $3 a year, in advance, copies
for $5-10 copies for 20. ..

THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE
Is issued every Thursday morning, and containa
monat ofthe matter of the Drai*lywith more sueama..>


o the eund,
pare and mild.
e )ine-


LLAR! a year In
scribers. C.ommt


ers will
[ansient


Hway.P P
ON. to.-
d to. "







5Ut~t





Er -
I: OREGON.
S Oreean a thke Close at t50-O-ltastC Clde-.-
Agraulciireli, &o0
rCoinpondue of T. fribuone.
pFcric Cirv, Oregon, Friday, Nov 8, ltW.
I bklive seated myself on the Pacific coast, to
g gin you some idea of this truly interesting conn
iry. The day (Nov. B, It 4 noblrthi is msid mad
S pleasant; the asr is soft as Spring, and vecy into-
'e-orating; the leaves of some young, thnlty ap.
S ple-tteea, on the verge of Baker's Bay, are not
i t ingelwith the frost. Probably there in not a
-. more healthy, agreeable, and even temperature
on the globe than here at the month of tee Co.
S lambiaJRiver-no etsreme of beat and cold.
S There are two entrances into the River--tbhe
]lNorth and South Chancol. The Northern' .cn-
tains more water, and is the only one by which
ships of any considetaubIe dral can enter at low
tide. The mouth of tMe river, to the euprmact.ed
in navigation, presents '1aire a formidable aspect-
breakers on every side Bot the danger us not
n o great as it appears. The chiof dilliculty is the
S necemasty of waittg for a favorable wlrd. As
you approach the entrance of the Biver, your
eyes are greeted with a most imposing and bean
tofl spectacle. MountSt Hielens, in the frm of
a sangar-loaf, and whime as the spotless snow,
S rises on your view-an emblem of inanucence, an
ever-dluring monument of silent eloquence-as
isgbrit said to the dwellers on all the immense
.o Wo t it"overlooks, Be pure, be truthful and
Jl-nd you will be beantilul and happy."
A lyou enter the motbh of the River, on a small
Spenfunal formed by the expansion ol' thb Hiver,
M1 the form of a half moon into a large bay, JBa-
ker',) and the Pacific, on tbe north side is situ
ated Pacific City-the embryo (as many think) of
the Queen of the West. The city was earom-n.
menced last March. The Bay on which it is lo
S mated is spacious and sale as though Nature in.
tended it 'or the depot of the extensive lumber
and agricultural region of the Colombia valley.
A hotel which, well furnished, will cost twenty
thousand dollars, is nearly completed. A large
a'v-mill is already commenced, and the site be-
gins to attract the attention of the capitalist-
.h Al most every veasal iabringig to til the sturdy a-.
v.entmer. It certainly has many advantage, but
you will see it has also a good number of rivals.
Across the River, and a litle higher up, is situ-
ated Clatsap Plains, a low, sandy district, bat re-
markably productive in vegetables. The claims
here (mostly containing a fall section) are nearly
arll occupied. They are now selling their potatoes
for four dollars per bushel, Bad other vegetables
in proportiour; consequently the farmer in making
his. heap with great rapidity. And so it mast
S eontlnue here for years to come. There is no re-
t gion that presents a brighter prospect to the ag-
riolturist than that about the mouth of the Co-
ihmbia
Astoria, also on the opposite side of the river
from Pacific city, is sitouatod about fifteen miles
S higher up. At present it is the only port of Ore.
p gon, except one. The custom.bouae and dis-
S hribntag Poat office are here. Oen. Adair, the
S Port Collector, has moved .tle offiues about one
mleu higher up, and commenced a new Astoria.
Nature has not been as prolfne of her advantagesn
Sto this place as to Pacific City No large and
beautift bay is spread out before her. and the
prospect around is not so nimagnilicent. drill, As..
itoria ibopes to be firstin importance, on account of
S haer age. In point of pop-lation, the two places
: renearly equal.
The claims near the mouth of the river are
being fast taken op, and are estimated ia valne
from.two hundred to five thousand dollara-thone
neqar Pacific City being considered most valua-
blI.- Proceeding op the river abrat sixty miles,
you come to the month of Cowlttz never. In its
valley tho French have a settlemeAt. But the
Anglo Saxon are crowding into their poisesslouS
and establishing their claims. The bnka ol thbe
river on both sides, are high and precipito.a, cov-
ered with a dense forest, 'the haity tops of which
shoot up arrow-like, three hundred feet and more
toward the heavens As yon leave this plaie,
the general course of the river inclines a little to
the south of east.
Cattle Poodle, another small tributary and on
S the'same side of the river, is 15 miles from Cow-
litz. Here we lod another settlement, in a rich
and beautiful valley.
As you proceed eastward ou soon arrive at the
mouth of the Willamette, which enters the Colum-
biaon thesouth side. In the basin ofthis river is
located the principal portion of Oregon's popola
tion. This valley, consislinug ufricb aii d bea-tilfui
prairie, interspersed wilb patches of clean and
magnificent timberland, is troly delightfa] It is
without doubt the best Wheat country yet
known. The climate, though mild, pleasant and
remarkably even, is sulafciently warm to matuLre
Corn, except the yellow flint. The grass, with
S which the prairie are richly carpeted, unlike
thalf east of the Rocky Mountains, is fine in
S quality and very nutritious. Cattle sobsast on it
and thrive during a whole year. It aTuorda to the
husbandmman,withoot any culture, a perennial paa-
turG.el-.-'% ,
ProeellduIkn'uthe Willamette sotno lifteen or
twenty flM's1you arrive at Portland. This is the
sa econd d, T insdmay becouaidered the head of
ship n Ii atib.. 'An effort is making to make
-this tle grdd'rrt of Oregon, amd, were it cot for
the applition of steam, ior a time this might be.
Still, ortlnd -without doubt is soon to bh a
plane of importance, a mart of auo inconsiderable
trade.
Milwaukee, nearthLe.Falls ofthae Willamette, is
the next point of importance. Here a steamboat
is building, and is expected to be ready 'or basi
ness by Christmas. This boat in designed to ply
between Pacific City and Milwaukee, ascending as
high as Oregon City, when the stage of the river
will permit.
SThe river at thil point spreads out into a benau-
tifh cove, making a convenient harbor for qoite a
nnmbier of vessels. Mr. W itcomb, the proprietor
'. of Milwaukee, is a liberal, enterprising man, and
it does appear that nature has decreed that his
i place shall be the head of ship navigarien for all
n'1 $he extensive valley of the VWillamette.
S*.f .-. Six ocr seven miles above Milwankee we arrive
-- Iat the Falis of the Willamette, and Oregon City,'
a'$ st present the capitol of the Territory in point of
W- .ppulation and advancement. The perpendicular
'" fall of the water is sixty feet, presenting a grand
*and pictareique scene. The city numbers about
1,500 inhabitants, and is most rapidly increasing.
SThe .Imost thickly metled portion of the Territory
is .' still higher up the valley. Wheat is the great
.3 staple, forty bushels to the acre where the ground
Fbn hi been well prepared, an ordmary yield, and
sixty btesl no extraordinary one. Many of the
laruers have eight hundred or a thousand bushels
garnered up.
In Water-power and Tinter Oregon stands un.
rivaled. Her water-power could supply the wants
Mf'the world. There are in the Territory some
*thirty or thirty-five saw'miills now in operation,
and several more building, bat not one good flour-
t "The mineral wealth of Oregon is not yet ascer-

tained. Her great resources are et undeveloped
Marble, fine and rich as Parian, 1s known to be
r+ abundant, and it is contdeitly believed that in the
Klamath district, and other parts, are richer ajines
suit$ of-gold than California bas yet manifested. For
"-.5ighe present wo will say nothing of the fisherien,
' her oyster beds, her wild game, and native pro-
W c dietions.
.-- Oregon now containa twenty-five or thirty
thousand inhabitants ; a hardy, intelligent and en-
tmrpristng people, fond obreading and determined
that their children shall be educated. Though pos-
ceasing unequaled advantages as a graztng and
sheep-grqwng country, it will require time to
Itpck her natural pastures and srupply her with
musanfactories. Hence the people have numertns
want which, for some years, most be supplied
from abroad. She.already presents a rich and in-
viting field to the capitalista of the Hunt. Mer-
chandise of almost ever- description commands a
high.price and ready sale. Books in Oregon are
estimated more valuable than gold.
But the most grand and imposing feature which
Sregon presents i an isylutm for the multitude
which the delusive hopes of Califbrnia have
ruined.


T thousands and tens of thousands in California
are now destitute and suffering. Many from the
States have mortgaged their farms, and left their
.Abmffles in the expectation of realizing a rapid
. .itune in the mines of California. Not one in a
Shundred of these ham been successful, and there
they are, far from their homes, without means,
hopeless, and in prospect ruined.
To all uch, Oregon spreads oat her ample arma
4md invites them to seek shelter in her rich and
protecting bosom- And thousands whom the en-
ticements of California's Gold have ruined are
seeking, and will seek and find their salvation
in Oregon. There, their efforts, if well directed,
will surely be crowned with success.
Gold can be obtained faster, and far more sure-
ly, by Agricultural pursanits near the month of the
Columbia, than in the mines of California. The
potatoes grown on. acre, with very littlecult- -
sg~o,.


r-5L 41,-cc.. -', + ,fl -


THi -IEWYORK TRIBUNE.


vationimoma 6l'.0ap Plains. were sold in the ground
te 1 an for eighreen hundred dollars- 'r I
numeri.ns vessels which will eater Bakees UY
maou be supplied with provrsio5,L and the thou-
sands who will meek the old mines mustn ho eud.
Oregon is Nature's epar-at 53n to supply these
wants.. j M.
CENSUS RETURNS.

OFFCaICl CES3aS OF .N[W-YORK, BBOOKLYN
A.O WILLIAMSBURGS.-We have received the
rfolowing note from the U. S. Marshal, with the
Oticial Censas Returns of thin City, Brooklyn
and Williamsburgb. It will be seen that the
Population of the City proper is 313,301, and
tbe number of Dw&elliga 37,730.
U S MARSHtAL'IS OF eice. Sohbern Ds- ri of N. Y. i
Ja-ucry 2.3, 1-3i. .
Toathe Kadit-oI f Timt Vm-\,rt Trii-,.- I ro PleUctfd
i ulornhib yolu tlt bthe anc'-a SeCllduilba nrf the namoer
of Dw0'elhina. Pupuliillnri rrtn-i Prtuol-live EL-taltilhimerni
In the seecrit Ww'ds or hed city or New-T..rk; alau, toe
aumlermof Dsetrlir aI.Ir1 a rtlL nhaItIaIll he CLiy of Brr3k-
I3 and Ithe illtijr e f VItIlin1tnih-gh. whthlLc eV1r0. h.' Ilb
esriaic, of Mr PlsardJ In unit c.c-ilid-'r-d a parsr of iL"-
City af N5wmYork. o trheic/atc ,sftt We hem, tip i-a LdaLa
time, ePxceiJed his cslcuiiUtoa of licrealie B.' put c-?UL
e'vit il'e vears from 1P80) hy ribout 7R.0
The CeCes ELturr, forc the City Proper chew a Crrv
Inrge increee of Prodctive E -atelnbs -enLa, rmJpli-;Loe al
Ilae amniouIt of capt].il ad poplaAioa, as laowne par
chedalue Lannexed.
Sery respectrdtiyg0nr oi-eiin sprc'e.
H F TALL11ADOE, U 8. Blarrbal
CITY AI. C-COUSl? t-JF N-IEa-iORK.
Wards. Dwel' p. lnhab. Wardse D. ei'ia. Inhab.
I 9.......... 98 19.75j X0-.2.......21 .1.772
I1.......... I G.d XII........1,.i 2 I.r.t
-.......... 714 I.15 XIII........1,787 8,:44
IV-..........1 23 3'2.'l XIV-........1 891 '35.i-m
V..........1957 22691 xV......... 4 1 250
VI.......... 1.4i3 fdi99 XVI -........4i'],i2 5..8i7
VII..........2,/27 s1 3.6I7 XVlI-........0.836 47 lii
VI.......... 2.713J 134413 XVril-........;'i3 1.45.-
IX-.......... 9,5i 40.075 XJX'....-.... 1.77 l. 16
X -.......... 1.993 2J316 -1 -
Toual.......................... ,7l0 515 Jl
Aserage rumner of persons to ech ldwclliog, li
nRsOKLYO.
,VarJa Dw'cl'ta f an |W'r.,la D ael'-. Inhai',.
I & I I ........13 ?2 I t ] 1Ei I I..........M 71 6 i71
Il.I........ 715 7 i III.......... J '75 diiiI
IV%......... 1,179 11 f2 IX ......... 3' i.
V]... .....1,118 J ].r ~ X ....I' I 1J,7.1
C 5,5-i 13602 S 1.1- 11.i7m
VI -. ..1i 8 lI X -.i.......... 1,12 l.
Total-.......................... 10.197 i9 ,851)
Average number of persona to ea,:h dwellng, 9j
WILl.IAM51 RGCH.
DOeJiou. Dwel'eas. Ihah ODliSalon Diel'gi. lnbab.
1 .............I,-fal l 1,lqG II ............,- 9 11.490
ToLal......................3,3 30,76
Average nAml cr ci pErconB lo eac, dJwellg, a.
RECAPITULAl ION.
DwellnlDgs. lublab. Ac toea DwL'
New-York ............. 37.730 6b145.994
Brooblyon..............1.T0197 l'i.9511 95
Wtilliambborgb ........ 3.,i 30.766 8a
Total .............51.769 l i -.,1n
Total average, nearly ?1 person i o each dwelhag.
PROOt(.I, KE ESTABLUBHMEINT. OF NEW-YORK
i-ITv-l- 0.
Ann,]n1ProJdl t


.-o ;l Fl.
5,Li-ite Lb
I ......157
II ...-. 851
111 ...... 9
IV ....
V ..... 8,J
VI ..- ]I
ViI ......22
\MIlI... ..SS
IX ..-I. ]9
X .. 96
XI-......149
XII ...... 19
III ..1..172
'IV .. 72
XV ..... hi]
XVI ......12
XvHr......14.5
Xi ..l ..l- 19
XIX ...... 41
Toal..... 3,987


Iu1nnin1m Malte. Faes sed
*I,tI3.,S1) 3.720 6.n,i7
12.672 ls11) 19.1 16..1A
'6('7.rutto all t-7
I07 6,tM0 -1
I COt,.i ],q52 943
1J.227,662 1.i. 3-I
1,1'i,8ari, ;','tn 1.072
3.4i3r,5 -,,i 1,849
W-61 4ue) 2,4Lu alj
793.300 2.016 34 -
3snt-O r 60j9 2a
2,St51 8S 4,107 2-i?
141I 550 350 7u
20.911 ] 901] l.s
165.7150 l,ll') .311

('49,")0 11,3B 110
l,1'7.7du 4x6 6 5
.lJ,6cus W0 4 Il,9
93-.a.O2'2 .oMir- cOr17


r-c 5 ,.1- or
4. ,. 'l 1]

Ac9' a
+i.u ji'd..,ir|



2.e.,|3?,PA
SlvS-..117

I,1.7,11
I a, .'.I I
4.15,1./"
3,02 a.1I-i|
4.8a1. II
2 8)Sill
I.rS7,:I2
:'.' ;i .:.lj1J
;.1,43,1M
1,51-cd?
l,376.alI
4.l3 l;,115
2,%1'-:l.31.
2.1..76.1
l,Si'.)3 du,.:
SluO215 "iaId


Northern Distrclit of New-York.
From the LLIca Herald..
The UI. S. Marshal has favored nus with the fol.
lowing table of the population and number of
farmL and dwellings in his district. The popula-
tic-n is compared with that of 140. From two
counties, CLinton and Allegany, full returns have
not yet been received,-one town in Aliegany,
and several in Clinron not yot being reported -
In these two counties, the table beaa only the esti-
mated number o inhabitants. The increase in
the Dintrict, in ten years, will be seen to be 31-2,-
623. ,
1R10. 1S50. FasirS. DWEZLt.
Blatrd | uhlotitIhtad.ct't J,-,.l2 r.m uL llt (sir/ ,rl7
rarto a.......... (, '-lS 4'1..O u0 ,P i 7,-l
.ifili ijtlon ..... 41.(' ,751 3.A1: is-.t0
Oietdea-........... Iu g 99.lI Ci l6.')in
Onondata ......... [1 5,1 ,laU 4,715 15,2 1
Caiiartai i...... .B,itl *38,91o S.d-il 6752
JttlerboO......... Cl.r,.v1 63.156 5,(0S II. JA
Cheinmbg ........ 21.73 1I 2a 64 5.02 htra
T"rmpklsB....... 38,113 3i,11 5,.3 7 7,1ii,
Altany-............ CUi h3 C -l.4 '.%'e0 12,.,3A
Fulton ........... 1.,f'- 2',I' 1.362 3,734
Iai'n e.......... 4 ill 4- t6 4.01u 1 215
Monle ......... 64.012 87,55a .117 1 It')
S6t.,be-.......... 4'..'-65 631.713 6,21143 IIl
Oitego -........... 4'j4L3 4117.41) C.2 ;,l'. j
Rei.eilaer-....... 6,'3- 7i,4%5 2,9A lW.7s42
CUinIO .......... 2.|I1 7 l4t -'1l
Auegay -......... o,18b 37,bt00
Toal) .....1,6-0,C 3 l, .ill I 112,17 i 'i -6i)'I
'opnuladon of New-Yorh.
We find in the Ai/any Vret nog Jotnsal pro-
cared from the Secretary's Office, the population
oi the Southern Dietrict of New-York, wnbh the
exception of the town of Denning, in Ulsrer Co.
which has about 1,000 inhabitanta, as fIbllows
C3ant .. 1S40. POFULitION 1.S0.
Co bta............. ..... 44.37 -4Ju11
Dulebhes-.......... ......... 52,438 5R.'iI
Oiene ..................... 30,4-16 31.121
Klngn ...................... 47.il9 1I-8.'
New YorkS..................31-.4 992 L,'3<
Orange..................... -)733 57,161
Putama..................... 12,825 11,131
Queens-..................... ,Si,,4 37,1-42
Richmdond .................. Id6-15 1-5,06t
Ro alatnd-................... 11,874 16.'j
Suffolk...................... 32.469 Wl982
Sulvan .................... 15,630 235,032
Ulter...................... 45,721 48,959
WesIchester................ 18,687 b8.27
Total EasLern Diatrict-.....72,i7 J?1,108.938
Previously published......1,670,6p 1,989,311
Grand Total..............2,42.9540 3,09%149
Increase in the State since 1640, 668,699. Two
Counties in the Northern District, Clinton and
Allegany, were estimated, and may vary tbe re-
salt slightly.
It wil be seen by the above that over 1n1 -half
ofthis increase is 10 the Southern Diatri :r, com-
prising only fourteen Connties.

Cenaism of Rhode Island-lS-O.
loin. DweD.gicFgameise. Pupualaion Hale.. Famlan.
Barrington. ..... 122 142 7r45 447 348
1Br111il........... 660 802 892 2211 4('5
Burrelyllie6....... 639 56 Sl38l 1l8 16O
Cumberland...... 860 1305 6G62 311 3174
CharleStLown ..... 184 207 i94-I 499 44
Cianslon8......... 868 8 4S12 2167 1235
Coventry ........ 691 752 4 23 4 1742 1878
EBBsLOGreenwich 370 450 2358 1167 1191
Exeter............ 3u2 35-1 15 821 all
Foster............ 371 411 1832 100n0 [32
Olocestr9......... 6B 5o9 272 149i Ina
Bopklnton-....... 42 472 2178 1211 1261
JamecLmw....... 66 74 3611 91 67
Johnsbton......... 538 544 2937 1487 I1,
LiileCompLon... 26.2 2 -146 773 7139
MliddleLown...... 11 160 852 411 101
Neow cU-564 126 9561 43191 5172
Newport ......... IS6 112 "' 4391 hi72
Norlh Kingailon.. 66 676 2971 1481 1187
North Provloence. 1010 15J3?7 801t S0 3999
New 8borebam... I[ 240 12S2 632 6W5
Pioldernce....... 5493 7[,(13 41513 2u049 21461
PortanmouLt...... 3i4 360 1&33 010 11
Riebors ,3d........ aS 344 1784 872 U112
SIffthfeld1........ 1582 '-1s 11b00 5517 69h3
ScItuateO.......... 824 15 4562 151 2811
Sn-nih Kingatou... 650 7.1) 1302 1842 1-fli)
Tieront......... 7t0 1164 4699 2374 2325
Welst Orecwicn. 296 3n0 ]10" 7j6 634
aiucIlck9........ 1229 141 3 7740 728 4fl2
Warr- .......... J 3u 52 31J3 1617 17WI
Weslerly-......... 411 473 166 1349 1417
B2i15 28,12 147&19 72-11 781 Iw
Total population In 11150, 147,419; dio In 1810, 108830.
OGanin ea years, 31,715.
STAT5IIC l1 t tiODe Ic.LANiD.
Total No. or Irish In Rhoae aland.................. 16,733
-..other Foreigners-........................ 7.17
Blacks]-..................................3,L7u
.. .. .. Idiots-.....................................-IDS
-..Deaf and Dumb-..........................--
-.. lansne--....................,... ...........233
Blind --d .......-.........................o.56
Paup rs..... ............................3.744
whoicalnno read or vrite..................3744
who tiinnded School Jane I, 10M.........28.331
of Deathstn8b0...........................2,254
m" s- rfana..................................5.512
"" anof Real Esltaie.............. .....-34-,S61I'
ValBe of Personalaiestte.............. .S i.l25,4.6

Population of ultsOarll,
The S9. Louis Republican contains returns or
the population of the State o M]issouri with the
exception of seven counties which are reported or
estimated, and the footings are as follows:
Total Free
Iah klutems. lahacnilas Slaim.
.......,...61,547 59.80 87,617
1 a;,..w..8... 3,7 2 2%422 3S5,42 840
.11 2,7145 f%8,4 s6a 2n9A77
- .. vft Ts Populatuen of Missouri is


656,5w, so she wMl probably Vs a--le-_ i to seven
Memibera of the House of BiepaffiS& vem under
the new apportlobithent. She hu now but five.

Populadon of Keumcky--.INO.


I I- -- -


c- _7. a. ia
!* ~ ~ oI i i
_________ -a Qu -
Sdni1................ 1|K) |7J1 ted lIli ia-> 11 Ii7 RIG",
alr ................ 7 131 b 7.1 I 14 st 6 s 711 J
"a- 1. ... 4- - Atn latc i4i 475 57 17 i 502
BS ard .............. noM | hC 4 u 77t 7 6-'i
...i-........ .. ...... |T;| 4V 8'iin ;/- ;a;, :J
igcil n-u" a ci1ci it! a.,-, i;it.i
Ssi ................. 7 ... 17 ti I a t- i
5oiau . ar .3u- 1715, in-h 1in 1 1.i.i-t
ieth .......a ...... al .... i ilJo.l 0 t jt | tio |q I lt~l istJls
&Iiiu/i ............... 741,1 t-7i7 I .'- l- l- j, I '-1 141 iua
Brirj n ....... ...... 1 7. .J
Be -l ............ I... i 1i i'i I 54 .,.7 hi 7
fvvl 1910 1 -:1 b4 1113h
Bliil1517 r ... 1 92 1-..' '71- W11' Q~. F& .S-1' <118
ks.;iact n 711 i. I rt. is3' a
-s.e 0 1. ,- .lI. Ii"-' i I" I; 11 -3 1 U- t
BcIr- -...s..... t'l 1i 11 -I1 i n 1; "il
bel-h ............. .. I i i 7I i-' C1 s a 3 ',
raan~i|i - 9',. .I.. i. t.ir. 31 1,10 it-it-.
C |' at .......: .- ... i-l 'i r t 74 t71. 91' 7 A i-i
Ci.r. ,t- ............. "111. 14 7. 1 1 0 1t4 l i l1 i,7r ezH
C ...................-i. 74 I, I i si' 1 ii i| I"
ca s,-be t li t 7 7r isa 2'7-I
C'-in.- IIi...........t.... i, ii 7 n i7 to-i i
0a ................ Cr L O a' 7 7 7' *.1 i:
iC)o 2'. 1 7 U4.1 i-ia 1 ord
CD tid-... .............. I i-y c 7 -. r 1 7 Ir in' l
Clanraoi. it-.-- i- if-l -it 13 t 11? I-t 1:3 ik i t'--
DOa-eii ...... . 2. JrJ i-.I WV 5: ii it1 53,]
e' ..............2. 13- 7 4, 7ai II It i, ;
to 2 E 1'% .131
E l'il .............. . ... .... '11 1 4. -l ij
tiL.-. ..... .......... A 6 .ii 1 c--i i' I 3-
F i, .............. *IA 7 IM L'41 'F I. -11'0 l: 1 -

F tl ......... ... .. l 4 1 r 4 16 :', '
OartLavp .............. vA I tf "l 7 '-l:ii4 *of l, ;t~ I"Lr:
Gtt-.l,,-.............. 1. ?l lilt Hin IS. t iIt I',.
S O. -...... ..1.........- .. t -n i n 1, ti7| ,
G ai--,- ......... 3. 231 L. i l0i- tl iiA -4m'

il,.o,-i--------~-- i-a .- 2. r ci .-$',i ",4,
r ... i ......... to.'. 't 1i 'a4 i.
G ri. ............. -iii P .A n- i i ; I i I
Sa cai - 711 d 85,'ii 11,, ... ?', i1
G& t--r........i .. ..... i s i -- 1, lI
( ,+d ................ ;,,j iI,
La, rr ,a-.............. I.I 1 i1 2i4-I
........... .............. 'o H IL, L,. .......... .. j7
,eB r ............. < ,* ,...,,
,.,,-- - tin i-nuiti,,..
He.. .. ...... ..... 1 71 -' -14 "
Ji lrs-... .. .. .. i" i l ; -
J{.,illAi... ....... ... H n 1 IIr. ] II} ? ,^'i J'

i .......... .. i 7 l'- t' Q 1- 1 !
h..or --hIL...... lIi- H-- i /-- - 7l' 1 1 'n-- 4


a.,,,.r.............. l .+ ;+ .I ; I r ,l *
l. .......... 77- i'l e- i- asJ1 1 I-i ,
-ii.- ............ .. o.. s i0 I I-* t 71 i -i-
JIAr.I, ...... .. ic...... r ct I -s'i 1- 1 .
tIar,- -,, ... ..... c I4 t i*1h7 2" 5-i 7 '/}



La-,. rllecna .... t. a I =i i~ 5 'Lir Ia hut 4730
L .ir .............41 IS 01 "2 si X1 7 o" i W--
tt t, -c:rii i ...... .... ..ii i 'I, s ir, e Ir
.nd ............... It Mi It f WItI' I 45 irj It-;
L l n,.i rt ........... I -I"71 -'ri lit V alit |i 41.17 Jilt0
wt'r.............. -FI|.r- i n ,11il 9 l1 c@ Y
L raLn --,............. I .6 iL l. F r I.ta j
M .r.-ljo........... M. 7 li t 1 1 l I.'Lc..A' 1
Omii...............e........... ,l,
A.D ,n............ R'... i2 I i I v r, -'i

Lo. .T r............ .. c 6 1 1
ar............ ..-- 11 I't it .. 6J- 7 6 1 4.1
u. .i . ..i . t... .. . Ih :H l i n T | .
P 1r. ............. i l Wi, 1 :;:I iZP 11
M ia.Jr. ..........."..... ,' 1i ni ii' i1 1 -,., 1 1
Ma l.1---......- .. ....- 1, 1 .- '1 1 t t" 7 1i
l-n.-elr .(............ u; .1i 1s "12 H' ; 'H 1 | I tl.i lu'a
-rj .. -............ ti l 1t i 'l 4 7... rt
M..n -13-ii ... ki.l. ti it* i"., nrl
......... ........ ... i hlil Hi. ~'t. it ] it Ho--- iiL
OIri-t ..... ..... ..i csyit 51 I.i io1 7. t- la c i




OL|O .. ... .. ....... ... 12 'l 11 1 !2 i r.5
Ohh rr ... ... fi". i : 0 1 N.1 A."* t r: ;I "17, ~ i
T,, l. r ...... ....... i' i I l !i j 1i : 1
Posin - ,-- ,1 Ia. i-. H. il4,', a l.a,

L i 7ii w1 '1 2.- 1 1, 1 3iT'
SR..-1. ..... .s1... a:'l f s t'H' 7ir t.:ir i- J l t s"!



i i' ....i I ...... 1 11. i I i -i .-


I.: . ....... ,l ir' I ? i L ,1 1 ; ". ; 1 i, 7
.Sir-, --. .. 7. ...... n.H.- I, C t .r


-- --l.'-... . ..... ,- li 1 1, 'I I .' I a- 1 1i
in 't.. 2 - :7 Q-1 i )at i:n B I'r P *i i-
V l. rT.. t.. ....... I,'. 1 1' I It -. I ,;


A -GG It rC A T E-3 ,ETC.
S'iir~ttt----------. t .. i .t*'- -5 I f- i~ilt 5 7 .sH-Ht 7i.'
sfthl.-----------.. 7Hij tl~iI l. ni l; lt I *i ll' I.'

Ac'irtLCCATc', Els-.
Total PualUoia n tihe il&tte.. .. .... ...-3,-'.ll
Toj&l o.- b a-i-.r of l --. --ta l --bd.a- -.................. 6-,1I,0
Elavede................. .... .......:11,* ?
.e. ileiti, Dnre L i-year............I l:J7
.. Farir tin inl S Di'L a.......... ...... t.,'"
.. D c-llrlga- - ......................'l ,7 1
S"Esia=lmte if ProJduclthi e luiluelry. 9.44%
Total Popilatilon IS the Sdtale HO it' -................779,-i2
Toei n irimb,-r of Frce Irnh bithh nsa In 184- .........,.s7,57i
. i e'. ............ 596'.:"I
. S .... ..... la .. ,
"Frs Conosiui Pertj-ra tj l-n 1 .1 .. 7.117
Total locrerse of fr at-uiiaDrc in ten yirs .......... 51R
Increie iIf Free IiDbahiiIb1ot ..............-18-,- j7
lucrese orf Slaves .........'....... .'7
lir[.reeailtl'-i rnop lauiorn in I,! .i. .........F, .1,304
Rr r,.,'ficUIA L^e PoP, iJLLIun Ii .1,1t-....... ... .... M .- I"I
UIf the ralio goes Up to 1t,00,uu), Katlu,:ky will
lose a member of CongreOeg. If it does not go
aboue Og",000, she wilU retain her present repre
seitation of hen members in the Houae.

l&S50-Cen8us of 1Iar.ylund-lS-140.


Ci sr ,|i-.

.t.i, t,..ii
r.lL- LiL)
c-rl-I..
CFVBl J, ...


Chi'IeI...

dciiI ri..
Re-I......
. .., ..
It -c # s
at sirt-','!.
Jr ,r,,M.lpI.
U'i"ueb 'Ion..


*t0i t, I1,11 ni,,1 i, , i i* ; .

on Ci e. h iN--C -.t
1. -- i i 1 .
| i m r 2 1.7' i 1 7.l| I i | i, l 1 1 .' i "a


34ti .'2 A int ;j Ir In i I
i1ii J1 I ti ri i, I .,
Sstt- '11 .- i I i> I'rli l it | |I ri l t l C I.%


irl1cci ....-.31-c1 CoO-iLAC--.i
tie o 0 "i i- al 1 'i

VL. i- li," c 1o .i Tot, i1W 'tr ilnt i.
iU4 -- 4 4.71 Ir ti. "1 ,1' l i l 1 A n il
Itit Sy-hi -i ''11 Ir.r i 5'tul t sr1 l l f. .;1 9Ii
Itl +3 +-6 l+ l.J .I.. ... ... *. ...]...
3tS .ll V's-u1 <,i Ii 3*l'1 i cr 2,*? : *1" itt i.,..i~ci
r,^'s1it col s'. ii 1 ta i: *- i r.---~i J --i t t; c l:i11
t-J lr 1.1 it' I- |[1, *1*r11i'Iti- I '*3 1:41
t-7"- tin4 It t- Imiii, I In -il-- *I'I i *
u.."U. ait u-li liirl n1s31 5 1 O I- | -7
I--ui7 2,1 ? I fi *oti I. !-it u--h c;-' i it7 -^
lui:,, it-ri' II -1 Slt< l "1.t 1 0V~ 01R i~ra
2^615 8lf, to-a I .431 *'17V Iru-i uni A-i-i
IU st u~i u-ill i*51*7u1 I !1it: a-i 31) *ii:< ti-r


Tolal % sitse Populailon. 416,05; do. Free Colored, 71,-
113, do Slavpe, u?9,ii5-Tota Population In 18, I.80.633.
While Popualoon In n181'.517,717, do. Free Colored, 62,-
0N); do. Slates, il,.lr5-Toil Population, 469,232
Tolal Increase In 10 Iyears. 1Il,l1. Increase In while
population, 99,11 Do In lFree Colored population, 12,0193,
do In Slaves, ItO. Over 59,100 or Iho gala In the Sttei ts
due to Ihe City of Baltimore.
The Reprenenatiesv populidon of Maryland i a-1,7509, so
JifLle ratio under iLenew appoilJoumentcoimeup to ]liM,)ir
thIe SLate al 1 lobe one member or Congress

Popnlalion of the lUnileds intee, by t o
New Cenusais.
The W ashington correspondent of the
Ec'ning Post gives the following approx-
imate statement of the Population of the
several States and Territories under the
New Census. We think he is below the
mark, but give his figures unaltered :
Some weeks ago I lorwardod you certain tables
of estimates anid returns olf the seventh census,
which 1 supposed would be gratifying to the eunri-
osity of your readers. I now send yoa some ad-
ditional information on the same sabiect, whi,'h
will prc-o, 1 think, useful and interealiAg to them:
Inrt.-ee p..r ,'s-I.
.Mzle i161C.i
1530. 1840. Free. Slave
Maine- .............-...- ,ull !'-2,0lt0 i1
New-iHampaiblie- .....517,Ju0O 28b6,1100 13
Massachusetts ....... '.,OJU 734,iil> B '2
Rhode Island.d-........147.0(0 l0 .000 i2
ConnecticutC* ......... O.iuu 51uul
Vetrmoes ........I.....511,60'a0 lb ulrJ
Total of N.E Scanes.2,742,t,0t ,2.5,0Oi
New-York"- .......... 3,099,o, 2,429,000 27
New Je8e-i........ s0,.e 57 T3,1t'ul 31
PenDsjInnla- 7 1....... 2,6(,Wli 1.721.0in 2i
Obho ................2,1O,00 ,S1,519O. I l 415
Delawlre -........... 90,t) 1 8,S'U 15
MiddS Free Slate8..8,033,1`00 6.123,000
Indlana" ...........9...-38,00 686j,'(r) 44
lhLOtIs ............:... :5B0,600 47.fd.00
JMilhblga.-............. 97,000 1212.l) 87
Waiconaln' ...........3316,001 3Ir"l', 81-4
Iowae.................. l.00 43,01N' 361
CBolfreda..............20.,00 25,r1M "no
Westernm Free States 1 940,80) 1,179,30r.
Total Free Smiaa.l3,770,01O) 9.13a,0O0
Free. Slaves. Totala.
Maryland'-. .............,006 9 si,00o b94,RAi 0 2
ViriLll ............... 997,060 497,0001,494," =10 12
North CarolIna'........ 32,000 28,1NO) 870.61( 14 2i
South Caluolna-........S80.001 59,M'. 639,[0J) 5 1I
0or.la............. b.k3S,0lld 35',(,ttC 83l,t1OJ 30 :
Florida................. it.ll00 jM.0iO ri,00p( 40 S3
Alabama.-.............*438,00 0 1,S00 719^.0 50 3on
E aitrnSlaveSut s.3,57-3,0$0 1,946,001 6,319,500)
Mississiappi6............231,000 253,000 4835,000 30 51
Ten eEee............. 770.0,0 220,0(W 990.000 21T S
Kentutckyt............. 40.0. 0 220,000 960,0f0 33 20
Mlmmmson.............BIM,, ,6) 7 M) W672,060 4 -'
Arsnluma. ............ L5100 46,000 198,000 96 1-.-3'1a
Lo-uislna............. 217.000 210,000 4-7q.00 23 2S
Texasa................100,41)0 70,.000 170,000 12I 133-
Wetian Si S oates. .281.Odi 1,T09,-0003,80,6-- 7J
Total of Slae States.................... I-'19,0
TotalofSla-til..L m 1--i I7 Iif. ........... 7- I!
Isicreac in Lean yeas,. ;.7 prt- a Lit .... 4ift,0,d'
er --a'


M izine las ............................... ,$W8
Utah ................................... 30se,0
New-Mexico-........................... BO.0
Oregon-................................. 1 800
141,ob0ll
Add for Free Stales............. .....13,770l,1t0
13.9L1.$0
9,219,000
Total population of the Unoised Ladtes..23S,130,000
This Shows an increase or all classes of popula-
tion, exclusive or Indiana, of 6,067,000, or about
35 per cent. The number of inhabitants in Tex
as, CaJifornia a.nd New Meaico, when these tar
ritoriesa were acquired by the Uniteod StateBs,
may be set down at aboat 150,uOo, and that
number has been allowed for in the calculation of
the absolute and relative increase daring the taon
Sears.
All those States marked with a star have been
heard frum. either officially or ID soeb a manner
au to warrant no apprehension that the olli'lal
r-tnrnsn will show any serious discrepancy in the
recolts. The statemctILS Of population iin the
other States, are given as estimates formed upin
parLial information, bht they have been prepared
after anth careful comparison, with known facts
in adjoinrig parts ol the country, as to entitle
them to considerable coaeiderce.

COMEILCIAL AND MONEY !IATTEIS.
Sale nl thle Stck Exchbange....Jan. 2Z'1
.ii, I U ., 'ut. 7 ...... Il0H ,1 Erie RR ............ A7
i,iii'l fil.., l: %, ri 0.......i- i 4t I ill d .........ah 3t'
Ssh dp n P ar ........e.. '.It 20 ..........d... o - i
I'IJ i-ld iu,' .....I 1 1i doo .......... lj 'I
6.11k, Elle 76, ,f[i....... 1". w .1.1 ...... ... V 1 '
,.. .. --.............t 3it,0 do ......: .. : :t
I',, Eric l lcunb -.... i. 6n d'-. .......... a
u ,la, du ............ i',, ,161 HbrIl-m ......p -.. i
i.t(v, Ci, 7?, ......I.- l"" do ........op it
it'' iii tad Sint -'S..-.... r,- .'0 .J1.... ..... )'
I., Ii.J Cafii ohn.... ju Ion 1 do............ce 6
SA'b ul S:h........ 93 r0 do .........aog ou
1 5 Lung Ial.-i......... .1iS lit, Morris Cai ........ :.
Il00 o-..........I 2 ,51)i do ...... ...... 2
],li no-............. It') do ..........-,il) t ,
100 Phemx Rak.......109 II do ..........)r :4
l-v Ddl & Bnd, frdl..b9.16 ;S Norw.:b............
s18 do.............15 L j do ............. ,''
4i Ocean Bank........I(i I' Repdlig............ 67
t4 N A mTtiar ......... I 14- W do ............ 61
b0 Med and Ind.....101 tit dot]....a......si t
215 do........... I 1 00 do........;....
47 Huedon River....... d do ............. r
510 Farmei-............ i 'o...o....... nu
Isi do............. S Porlsmouaib......... II
>0 do ...........| 5 S"140 do............. ;
n,0 do ............. 6i l I5', do ............. Ij4
Il-0 Canalon ............. 9 1U do............. 1
6[1 fll ILa Imp-.......... :41
SECONoD BOLeD.
610.r'f,0 Pe-n 6'.66.. 6' (00 Morria Caal ....... 2.i
a,,P,[i Erie Inc Bonds.. 9r l,) do ..........-Jh 21
7-b RerimD RR ........ S )t Harlem R......... 67
f i' do............. 6 5 do .........6D 6
S0 do ..........sIl ; i 5 UO .........6 ei067
15U Pon Dry Do-k-...... Ia It,0 Fann Trustn.....i0 60'
2'0 Erie R ......... ie I rli do .... .....3u 6
lit0 do... ....i... l 6i7 I do............ ]
Ihl doa...........a) ]6u

ToroiDav, Jan. 28-P. M.
A negotiation lcr 6440,000 oi thEe Bonds of the
Central Ohio Railroad Company, has been recent.
ly closed in this City, at prices which have not
transpired, bhut said to be very favorable for the
Road. Upon inquiry, we find that this Road is
destied to play a conepicuo aa part in ltba E til-
wa5 interests of the country. It is practi,-aLly an
extencion of the Baltimore and Ohio RailUroa,
and b.lIs prospective connection with the Hemp.
field Branch of the Peans)lvania Contral Rail-
way, it bscomea one of the ahorteat lines be.
tween NewYork, us wall as Philadelphia, aIl
CirnLcinati, and St LounLs
The lfolowLIg is a atatoment of dcpojaita
and coinage at the Branch Mint of the United
States, at New Orleans, daring the year, 1650 :
DEP04ITE5.
Dste'tpho o.f BOlLcn 'ati.e
C slnuin r.la i Od............................... ,571 ("i2 .1
O1Ler fL-id- ............. ................. 7J,2-i 53
Toial of gold tleptas ,.ll-.............-4.f 4i,51L 74
Foireiii ailser .olea and bullitoD............. $1,284,6'9)
Sltud fbt'ttLbiOfrom CablornlagolJd......... 2",7L3 62
Ttlicoif liver depoiaite-..............1,t50,41 63
RECAi LILATiON.
Amnui Ol' oatofgoT-ddpelel .................. a -4,r4,3lIl 7J
Ar'lntat Ct 11tilr ugo on.np. . . ..,Sri'-.I l
,m ul JalOe orsgold and. sailvor depoites ..$5,92,7-.Ji ll
COINAGC.
G. U. F^,
I t,t,,-D-Dobt ealc e sgie- .......................$2,1,,i,0 s0
7 liii-- nr----- -1----...................... .. -S7rt 0
i Q.thrie-r eagf;le ...................... 2i"',ii' 00
1I ti'r -(ji oid cuUhrn ...................,.... 11,(011 i

Tf,:n'i0 Ic-.t-a-TI.Iul of gold .-rinage -t.........ij,';l,,(0uu iu
TnaI,, "-111 e.. ...
41.1,,1.1.- iiijT ........................ ^j ,(,Ir' UU
2.,I:. li.'ll-- H hIfd U.i .......................... ] ,; lirn (IU
41.t- li- i aQcEller diiliara..................... ill3. un ) O
JHI .l.'III -- t)I ri ............................. l1 )LIO U0
(I 0, -I'- J I" f aanea ........................ 51,5110 O) U
4,11, ,,i'in it CI.6-TvUJ Sdvireolpnage.......... L451. ;,%.Ju V0
rrec t i iIi L-LArSION or cOIN.%rc
H,'iPi pl-e o01' gold Crins ................--- it, .liio oat
1,1t I." o it hcm.r c'tIIor rain:---, -." .. .. 1,101)il hrU
4,-il', ,'L r i-c r cEquai [a-............-:".........-,--:- ,to $; Hd
The foiluwing are the i]uotations of Stocks in
San Francisco, Cal.
Stale Loan, interest 8 per reit per month...........7185
Cviy Scrip, iectar-d by taxsc.......................
CtVy Scrip, a ccured oIv Laics on city propejiy-....... iPsado
C. n ly Scr p-.......-................................s .o
Stale Oo'ernmeDti tvnrarLZ I LSitnout illerEcl, I.le
mited f1or ciFeta .................................. 76.S75
WroDNeanv, Jan 22-P.M.
The steamer took about 6300,000 in coin, One-
half in silver. There are also some farther ship.
ments making in coin to the South, the rate of
Exchange making such shipments profitable. The
previous shipme-nts are, however, beginning to ar-
rive out, and the Money market wau easier with a
rise in Exchange-so say private dispatches re-
ceived to day from New-Orleans. These ship-
mets of gold to Europe and Soeth would not be
felt in the slightest degree if tbe Philadelphia
Mint had capacity ecingh to eoin the gold now in
itscustody. This Mint has on deposit probably
four millions ofgold and this amomnt is accumdlan.
ing rather than decreasing. The coinage prorc eds
very slowly, even more so than asoal, and should
the Directors undertake to coin gold dollars in-
stead of double eagles, the payments from the
Mint would be still slower The need of a Mint
in this City is more Imperative than ever, and no
sectional j.ialonsy should prevent its e3tibliSh.
meant.
In Money there is no change since yeitorday
It is somewhat tight among the arre--- o- crto-r- ,
buteasy with tbe rtgglar houses. Loans arestiLl
making 41j u .5 cent on fist elass slock, and 6 4)
ceot on others. Short Paper goes at 51.-u 5' cent
end is uot plenty.
Bllarhel8....CaaBticLi y EirijTlDeFoR TUr Toniaji.
S3TLaeDtV, Jan-ary 25
I.1LS.-Lltied is Isd 01 prPvious prlcr-a, Jj-ia-'i,, 1hta
i-nea DO cc rrtiporli'nt claei \\'lt' l1i hrm, cs-tiLt nolhinl
doing kire.
BAS. -SaIeJ ,(iu l -e"s tl.,ttrttlul', Batk &a I-l, cast-.
and 21 cmSes Dslnrvare aL d-], cash.
L.iME -Pi-iLr bhr shas oh Enstorn ha Sin,:, -.ft,
iSg.--Dry Cod conuute hI amsll spo'y i pcreel, from
atoro&n lsictao c wanted at 27.ull a- 17. Macnieatl are
qot-l r, hot fitrr; p.mriroaIl iota h-n beit saold at 10 I't 'jr
No 1, 9 ,5 J'cr No 3, arid d ci far No J- LWO or Ibree in-
vo-seB of SajLIo'o roir-oli unao]d no\ berrtnin are it blt-
tr rtrLus6c ar,nd i] ry Srm m our inOloaiiaca PLickled ruol-D.
uc- TlnLy rs-Sd dliil
TEAB-WeLni-e o mWart-tl '-1uiinuge :O il )la IrJ L t? t-n
h't; at prcncle. Lherr- l3 Ia a fr airlinesa k-,'u ta)r iarii -u
l"Iw'raUe Bri h and irteoD,tIil'ormntrratamliemilng h,-rt'r
tban tIbL DaciIroD priCca, co iDtoice of 'iJUi bal cbehld oJd
ODiODg and Nep,'yuai' han chan-ced baada, on terms nc-a
made rocllcr.
TI N- Remains qi': h.ibtJl ih. marei i yes-v lini--fors-n
mnvoice of Stroalt, J}al rseteLd. tic baa bneen reianed
SLEDS -CIo-.rsi' m u iii demand Bad closes former. P1
?lc being aewaukS:d r r prime Dnm-,a 8t alci some staes
have been made. Timothy In qeIet, and Flax still usry
Karce 1ItU., buebela Calcoua Linseed, inl rart hlee,
were cold prelvansly, oce-thircl of il for A.lbany. We tiQ.
dersicand there have he 'n some large operations in Bra.',an
for future deliverT, sae 2.,nW0 buhenis or more, to arrive 'us
fnom two no Idx monieD.
LEAD-Is very qnlet. 600 tanls Spanlih and Eceiclh
soldas 4 75 casb. No alJes of ihissoarl have transpired.
HEM P--I rather qmet, lmt we hear of tbe aeies to-dy
of I0t bale Amertcan ai'l&l
, IROM-Is moresdtleandbaaruhrlianupward tenlea-
my. "5 tIna English bars sold alt 3E ,9, cash, and 140,
6 months. Pig Is selling more freely, no arrive, at 320,
*csnb, and 621. 6 monrus.


TOf.CCO-I stLeady. wlih a fair demand S0 hhds
a qhoy ld at 9S. M1, ica lauar for extra and 200 Mary-
e A large parcel or Canneciient Seed Leaf
amis changed hands among dealarsa on private Le n
J'orelgnas In more demand end ume slalel are reported
without particulars.
MonocT. Jan. 27.
TALLOW-A 6fir-ni markeL City rendered Is icarce.
Saji-rasf 32,-'o Ini prtse coonIlr' at lie, cash.
*TEARINE--Tbeuppv bls ItmlLed ud demand mod-r-
ate; alee 16,000 M s e iufwl"ite at 81c,cah.


I


jTALENTTNES.-Junst received, a large
and aplecdid cMortmenl of ENGLISH VALEN-
TI NE. cODilltin tga Rich and Bare Collection.-T. VW.
STROBONO begsh to call I the aumann of all the dealer tI
VALENTINES and VALENTINE STATIONERY Inh"
extEoniCve preparaioDjs for lbe coming season, as ithe Old
SBtand, 93 Nau in L. opposite the Herald Officst He Is
ready no apply dealersn o any pan of the Ualnte Sttsta,
With any quanltIy of the abeve mentioned tock on thne meool
liberal ltermnu.
For the convetlence of those dealers who do notintee
v lEfI t he city previous to the coming Anniverary of St.
Valentine, arrangement bhave been made to aend well so
lcleid asortmUeoLs for any amount which they may eeM
to remit. Orders witLh remitlaoes will be tended to al
once, and will be elected with gretcare
T W. STRONG would state, nqunasliedsly thal helh b
the largest sLock of Valentias and %V'&I"lndaBlamonerenit
this rnuenm. The r,,onul nrhlij sutrk now On hand sad Il
pr-DaistIuoIla FIFTY THOUSAND DOLLARS.
jIS u rh&iai<W T. W. STJJONI. 98Nsaao-s.


RANK MILLER'S LEATHER PAE-
JLRB.VATIVE AND WATER PROOF OIL BLACK.
I5N.-The bess artcle In use always on hand end fti sia
by OBANN1S BTfSTEWA&T, 96Maideo-ian.
J1l lmUD&elW-


% .


HOPS -The demand Is fir for shipping; saleJ o 500
bales North giver atl itBl V 100 MS.
BEDS--Bale4 000 ibushelsn Cdalco ta Isa BSeed ai 821
-P busbel of &2 f i At tte EEastl 60,1100 lAnbaels abavo been
sold, to arrive, a I l Upito 180c Including a do arrive in
nie s ootlbs.
OILS -A sale of 500 SIl-a Whale Oil wa made at 42c.
cub.h for eapor. Linaead i rather unsettled, bt is s selling
ad 8f3Ubc. to arrive, ad bnt i0l on ithe spot. The demilaU
I DPnot large
LEAD-A sale of 68 tens Spanish Lead was made at 80
caih Holdefs ofl American generally ar 5,rcash
IRON-Is firm, wilh sales J1O or 200 iunsLat 2A,cauh,
atd $21,68 monlba.
TurcsDoia. January 27.
GROCERIES--The trsananeoin a In Cuffd. hairn h.-n
bths L'lhial ha-i RJO. ncldindLg tWO cargW O to arrl.-.
haltb leben s. Id n prii-lc ldtroi]: 5liurli buas do at liLtc .
5-" blfis Lar-nara atI li tlhcu; 25.4 1 ,Ifa Sit. Duatotoi t
l'- b crash. Milaars EeUqilii-Lu with greelt sfiiLtlno-? iche
iLoluiI nio.lit Ln.urlans, the demand furwbllwh I I',rir il
2i 'llc-nr aib iela 'il- lisile Naw.Orleann S ay'cia re iere
uieil hli re iarm LIe ILtocks very lght. Iteti"r-r buy veiry
W 11H IK V -The market Is nljie and ralher linilrv S.le'
1f 7 -Itt. I n P ir i111 iusL, a 2-o Dr.- u ',' :1r i tdoll 51 .-5.
SPICE. -W- nit. i aL.ie: .ib 1Il'" hog, .I'lDn o ItO L 1 i'".
, ,Li price, ar.j I" 'r I-is t 11 ine
HIlES--Arae-lei, bult be izarlki-t I vervirm *. IlI t
IllLhi i.,--ci ri TI-c tle. 'cmpnnti
Sf- SB-i-ln>--s Air.A, 16 lD ............. 1' i C itrnIhI,
34- Pnr.au- PIdLLa........ ............. 11'.
1r tir' S.iu lh-r -c.................... II I C-1 1.
LEATBER--lr an itle-dam-dd fCoin ile He t, and iU.A
,ery llti-ij upi-ilcb bv RairoadJ .ir inh Wcaseij nrri- riity
Latih-: u, Ohi 'die woeleta Fernla-, Bonie are iui.h:; ofl nid
Bat ]6'iCifc for i.0 b l[ Bieri H -liJ- Latiber LrLli
WelntfairU difficUit to treiiOintatid iiiirii.lrrcai[ cr
prl-I.-S
TOBACCO-I quiNt and In demLt,-il for hoars ua. bat
Ite'il I a good inqu,or for itanpia
iIdI nr bd reie ,lir,li; LLt a l aOl &tia. t : 1i
75 common .. t 1r r
,.u .. ..r e~lo .
0 o "" Marland "" 71i
2fi tiEjaE St Jago-................... rO nP1,4- 'e-,i-f-l
157 "- Cuba-......................19
170 A HvBDana.................... LU pFIVAt-eLratn
11 rrapa.... ............. ....II
lilt u. Scart--------
9' c t -a Florida ................... tl .
5ilr0 pags MituldnUtciirea at &2 aih'L 10 '0i Uiir -1 r
Ccota-ecnlriI Leaf Seed Is moving" -ony b'Ltw-ern ip-- L--
i'orc. Fornda la In pentter liu11iry"'
SFEDS-rflax Mcad it b8nr,.ii an rn-ii t'- .'-ni,'.. Tli
mat aoA c-i Coi-hsiia srcita I 24-1 hC bil A -in -hnh -at4
\\IS'.-"iprTi I\ hl.nda I W) bautt a il.-j L saint., iolJ 1.1i u.l6-1ii
Sotti-hernaoid at I P hiA 4 bha
OILS.-A sale of 6-c. bbla tIhale Oil has been made at
$2 iorexport, and 2il0 bble Crude Sperm au I 1 '30. Litnje-d
Uoil I i heavy. id LA offered In betterr larmit Li- ari.-e
Small stel are it r-lrip a b'hf' c. iroe adil-,-a irtim
abroad are -Gl f.O o:rnbie.
i RON A i'r-sidi-rahle parcel of Culinra, Iron, to ar-
rve, w ansold at 21i 50, i6 month, hbuowinganimpirv-
menL
LEAD-Is in ecrivedetand. and prn-iPs Ihave ad acej.
is toa. Spanin Sold at 1 60, and Galeta i nIth-J firmly at
95. o--tibLIt a'e_
NAVAL SORES-A-re very u nuelt. Tna siC c of
Hoirlt.'citrpi-cnuLne in iarge, euLn rcitl slJea art, mLiking at
'7 hic. There ii Dur iiitl inq.iLry. lrosugh rdrpenoiUe a
firm at 2 871 LitiilnIon D i tiSi6n nIDSa tL I 4U,. No'-it
Coiintv do0 nI Ii; fine at s 2"Z'3." and T.r aL I Td,-
8 2-all Wil lghi Ltoe-k aoddlight dL-lInd.
WEDNreDAY-v, Janeary 2i
ASHES-The markclt I more acLIve for Pearl. An.I it
Beatdy Pots aei les n firm; sales of 15r hL,-Is at 5 l 6c1
S 75 fortr Iti lai:r, acd 622 far Ithe former
COTTO[N-Corionues, eoil, and with adownwasrd ten-
deccy. inDcritaea by adicen fromn Now Urleans Uy Lele-
rph., whjtcb announces that Mlddling dechau.l 0o i2c on
ghe2?lb. 60 hlblea 8eresold to-day.
FLOUR AND MiEAb-Our marlrei fr the low grades
of SiBte and W- ?tr-ro t iour it hkavy; the de-nad l6I rafiror
moreo ctla, and itnri-e 1 m-)re do,,g in Nn -Orleaine ni
the declt.- aosdil ic- yelerdsy. Lio r u.-ir art t.,L-jing
spndrilI ly alv I'lt- t-n imnmEdihLe Woai. &1pearilatori are
dricop e a ,r o icll i'er ly. but little, cOiwever, ba LbchE doae
at uur lbid- j i.lirea Canidluo is dul l and arooping r[anero
Ee buyers al 4 75 at the -Rallroad Dyiplt Tbese&Js re&tli
i.lItlH Ii bi (iccldd6 c l..'in hbbl1 Newi Orleans)el at 4 '1
4 16 for No rulperfini 6-1i.1lst 75 f-ar common to sir.ir
Staie, 4 -4I fo4 formixed to aitrdii brands Micnliaan ean
JIantir, and -.bo,5 f0 tInur pure (.linueeaa. Fac.ea anod
Exnlca aredaIl and ht'Jvy. Soauliern Is enmluinir, in a fair
demand for Lbt- West tIndIes. NEI OB Of1 I.iP bils satI 1 l4
5 (6 for mtnird 1 O rasiL brand, rand 5 21'5 6? f-ir F.mncy
Lyc Flour ls t Jlimited supply; smil 6u bbli ati r '-ji" -
wbiCl Is, h-lier Corn Meel In a-n pleoiy. Saiws orJcr.ay
at 3c9- i Braldy'indeoat 3 5, acd] purw.3'in i1i5 IS .
ORGlN.-TLer-I is moredoiti frni ne'at,-t, tiL prlc'ear
q'slieopeinlol. Si'e bear or 'eal! of r2tffi 0) is tA Icood-
Ulo or rii dirj.', on term nio nt ide known is ihe pa-itri.
Ryeladiiij a1 7,su,-?c. A 0t otf o itotUilbPj Gsld ait iJjoiot
Our rqijuLoLatuiB. BarJyv aL d Barluy MIii are iute.L, Oaj
priceL are dmirlmal Oul ara in t.etleroernod and ra.?. a
elae .iimir, at -4' -t47c or Jersey, cud .17'0zc for North.
ern. Cort 14 iaiE eranj bcJ ry q'ii L s Fals t1a 5,1i'e0n bhiielg
at i' ,-' for Sou -m] and J.:ree. cYellow \'tin e Is eld J at
e, t.a llh .hruliiruies.
PROVISIONS -Uoldsrai of Pork are a 6i,fdO irmer to-
day. lut bthe sales ato varn I'mile-i au-i tle mirhe[ close-d
ie&'-y a atcr itli[d i-.iatai;rni N.?w .i-'njt- rdy.ry, -IQ. Il
oicrd in-m r f'iac at J 21. fh.r Oil-.).e id 13 i 'or Cir'
The ESlea as-t j! tIbla t 12 I]1,1'h L 23 fur fMe-r, and 2n 5
for Pri -Ia 1 I i'-'l I'ji ftor SuIr Mead SBel is Li'inetl Du
hirm L at 571'tfi 1, fnr lead,&odl n i 6 i,-r Prime. Prime
Uless la Itnea,-vat Bt i1i'j Li Beef ilmia are aleale e at $1L.
Lard Is o nori pu-arv ad Ilas [Ifood demand; saJP of'70iO
bL.l at F- lotr PrimeOld.,and ic for aNew--rioitlyol i Ie
katier Bier f.rcid Cl efieheri i-,i.higedl
L'HI 1V y -Therice ii a odnerte dieIoni f-r Prione, buint
bt Jouer fpii- o tealne B ur 15o ii-le at i 1:,-''"- Drudge
ia ea-i'r Ea( 72 ,ciittia at V ll,-IL2 Lilir ori.j iti.rir st
TEAS-A f omall t ,tier"o or Tem a-a'te *rlirat rdc
auction, y AICsri Hruffiir, iJia ininrieA, an-i with lhO
exiepiori o01' a ti u Lnes or old Blacks, 'nitli ern e cwita-
diawa. tahe -e.if o ll []6na Ta.aT cu nereaalidn full preetnous
pnilei-ea-pt.U to o to PIiladnlplal. No Gren-are ante
,ulitied.
LLIM h.-Ti--- mail r' L- btLa',.tr, rbhe a[,lpi'p i' lh-t. c uach
of 1 l0 6 Lbid comolut ,.;CklnoILL at iec, cc.o.
Hew-York Crtnle ihla'ket .....JIan. 21
[feps'ted fur The Tritinoe.
IAt tie \Va Ernvtiun Drove YVra. Forty-tfourhat and
FourLh-lenuer amc Bd l Hudaon Riter Bul'a Head, fotL of
Roli. nerA-t. lor Beeves. For Cows, CnJaves. Sliep and
Laimbe, cI Brown-ng's, SixIth-al. Dtnar T lird-a, and ai
CIbhmberlain's. foot of Robinsnsi. I
Offered, l.rim Beeveb. 14180 Southero. the remalindeF tis
Slaie, F, Cows and Canlves, and 7,ift(, Shemp and Laimbs
irk 61ARKA -TtemarheL for Beaveisdjrt-giepi poat webh
bhe teen quite dull, b holders are 'rm t s regbd.E prIc-a
11t tiiCiL ci ,to pucirlse a ood retalllDng qurillriq baello v i:.
Thle falracraeri of theb market m L ne ,lu-tiiJ at from that
hree up toil e' i. Akhot ISP nead tleftt oer unioli
Cus'5 AND CaL' t n-wre In sacive reraeiSL 411 odetilen
were taken at prime ranging, as I quaitJyL at Iron $ o 10
5 9-94I0.
SiBitFAc N Lu i.p-Sales at from 82 'S172i,' We
beer of a .w esira bavingp brought anBI_ eer ,a $. "-'i1
Lehi overabout 300 bead.
t' A Post Office bas been established at North
Clarendon, Rutland Counto Vt. and Henry S.
Brown appointed Postmaster.

MaasR R IaB D .
On Her.i% tsc.i ,.it; i-L -I st OeIaan Cii.-ii. Di.
lip. Mler AUGIurc[USi LaSAR ott Hnak b ti Oerll.or--. I7..1
arES L 1 IOLPM, d.lier ofr JobhnA. R -dpl, E.-. of i0..s City.

DIED.
On MHeda it l.tt, 0e 27th .aiL BENJAHIN S i'O'Ji, na n.i 1I
jesi al h-. Dpnr
O Haorida.J-n id7.SARAH C 51, T .Je tf G.-O', C m-lh,
abeu .' )Birs
Oa Tmesoa) firaif, ol o nrnsairpan, C1A1. H. [LOHL'JOy
ar ,J 3 ysBn.
Os reeJay rio. te. tIL- 2iub -ot artsr a aLm-it but e-siLr e i..iss
of iflannmat, r "na ilh lI,.gi JO1N 5 MHuKIBBIN, u.the i:st a. r
or kl sta.

WTANTED.-A Partner with a capira]
= of ,l.(00, tIn the manorecriniDg Mlachinery, Stoves.
PloW &,c. fi.r itih whosaleae and retail markes- Referecntps
willbe ile:- antd ]equbed. For parnicalres address ho
9 Moniromne.u S.sInebanDna Co. Pa.L If l\V
NATIONAL SERIES OF STAND-
ARD SCHOOL BOOKS PublheabaJ by A. 8.
BARN.,S. & CO bi John Abst NneT-York
DAVIES' COURSJL OF MATHEMATICS.-Aca-
DesMIC CtuI'ns-Fslrt LesaDno ID Arltnmenuc; Schoul
Arithmetic; UIlieralty Arithmetic- Elementary Algebra,
Elementlary Omomatry, Practical boeomeLtry.
COLLEGko CoiRE.-Boordon's Algebra,; Le endre's
Oconury; SurvevRing; Aa Oeomelrv; Calcoue; Deacrltp-
Llvt OeWetry, Shad e Shadows Lori, of mlaihematic.
PARKER'S SCHOOL PHILOBOPHITES.--Juventioe
Phlloropey t First Lesseonas il Natural Pbhionophy; School
Connrendium.
ELEMENTARY SCIENCES -Clai El' [ersnanI of
Drawler; HnmIlLon'd Elementsa of Plhysviloogy:; Reid &
Bal'va ChemjiLry and Electrichiyv Mclrutirs'n AsiTOnomy
and O0oh's 2 Chonjher'a/tooiegy; TrlBruavaor fKnowle ice-
Pape's Uroioy; Fuuots I jEasani's Peomcmehip ind
Book-hper plns-.
IVILLA RD'B SCHOOL HISTORIES AND CHARTS
-Schoel UtdaOry of ite riledd StaLen, Ucivenal History;
Illaicric Snide ind Map of Time.
NORETHEND'8 ELOCUTIONARY WORSKS.-Liuile
Speaker; American Bpeater- SchoOt DiOiacsJeS.
SCIENCE OF TIEENOLISH LANOUAOAE--ClarI's
new Enylinbh OCmmar; Parkers Rhetnrical Spader.
SCHOOL MuLSJC BOOK .-RKiaifev'a JotdenJe Cattr;
BriLto & Buerwood', School, Sonsgsad'lymn Boos.
Dr. Wa~ns on tie improvement orfm t1er Id
Prof BantleU's Treaise on MerlhniJcs
Psrof Otilesploon loda and Rallroade
Pagse' Theory and Piactice of Teacting.
Mansteld ott Aunerican Educatdio.
A S BAANESIS& CO '1 tohn.-L
J24' 44od D&. iw n oPnrVteihi-ra.
C ---- Jainuary a,], ]?L.
CORNISH, LAMPORT" & CO. have
i ow In PseiS,,eb-'l~enedlaii Febhi.ar'.-THE NEWV-
WORK NORMAL SL, HUUL SONG BdtK "'-A s:-'llrt-.
ion or Dr1 iinal Music. embranig the "Oratorio of hio
Bevaoiotuc,' atd oultar popular plecca fur SuLoots, Am-a.-
mn Band psIi's;-e claootst, by I. B. Wctidsur7 and J. L
Bes Iasie
Afsoln Prirc..t10 issueJ Eii an earlyft.7. TU- Ni MJfs
LIONt' GLfE". HOOK; or New-Yorh Sletodeon, by I B.
\\ Wodbuir, B auhor of toe Dul tmcr, hc. j

Win be Published This Morning, Friday. J, esaua .
ICOOOGRAPHIC ENCYCLOPEDIA
-Proth sXV.taui \\X contlnItagn Bach 20 Leal Plaeia
farther tiliUBi .Ug MslUrv lltnees. Forelfinston &ce. and
CummelnDtili the ia ltitr pirt. NAVAL SCIE--liCES. of
mehihIle*Fnarc3 icpadla furnisheda Doties thaeS2apils.
did plate& Tioe text counuea treating the suhjeat of
Zhi-lsgy. Eibhiolov. &e
PlaitaVd 1 d IcX. or the Second Edition, wil be ready
in A aintdaos.
The Iconograpiclc Euc.iinp.sias will bepiblieledi La 25
pals, earlnclucntaUing V., P.itea dd aO piages of Loilesar.
pr-asl, Iblued Isn CiJ~luiilr at nteso in tdlo w anbscrlbers;
can e-.'p Ih.ir copl.. i r It-c' Iaer dnil completed.
when tiiy Carbhe Lboliril Pr'tpuons for 25 part s 686
payable at the ia o1 t _uon dell-ery of each Pars.
A Specimen CI'P3" 1 itih wok, coultainine ins 00
Si'vl Plates, ran he -ti-n aI Lii- rcl.,r i|
RLI DOLP H RKIJ L UE, Publisher ,nd
Forlitcn Bo ,cl!er, 2 birclaysL Astor Doasa.
jl50.L7yt & k& I tW
O H. PAWIR'R IJUE, M.D. 195Spruce-
Si. Philade phiB. rctitlucs to give his particular Rl-
tIBtul'n lu Li.-arcbr i.- 1.,i, J-A uf Lh Throott, Scrmf-
la. aid DiDeala.s aof iMe, 1O
13r (Iffirahe h r..; -A M I P. M. od 7? P. M.
Fri-in i'h Pliillltbpliu iITIm'-irJd Daily Koystone.
Dr 0 H. Paridiid r. n.r. niEd an Infirury in tshi city,.
lter UdItcse rji thf lk_' l,'r S.-,ofulii oil tIolorderBof thc
ihIOi, find ibe ,a ner uol-vint-rcs of hiaskilU End soccer
ci,&eI7 bbID LU-"ir' ir.g una bihi prapuce ie bhigbheaBIa-
c im ,in ir P t.u It. I ur.-pe aoroed himselln f pefcarU-,
hlily 10 tice ll-'l1 Ut It.i,,. u.'cb of is ProidaSlon, and "b
airi. lk r oG Id luriuht LL.It ust rr-, 6 r, l a fotirLs, proves that
Ia MluidI1i '0 it'iiri t ,* I'[-o' pilp, '
fr-t, ti, PePltiihurg. N ,-'i--jti.n iiiie zeth ofApriLJ1840.
%\%lt lit ftfrr'.c" 0th eCaa uoi D 0 Partriage, publlabh
e i IL our b-.IeriitbLacc. ,lmsa wewjuld say that Dr P.ranhe
Ba or'1, of inh- [,.tti lFt.-'cirir in PhiadeJphla. BHe received
bhis mEdni'rl tar.iiu'. ia Ltior. noJd ban attended upon
tIbP t:6pslti prUiClIc roa et'rit principal European city. AS
I. hi.6 biiUl, W-e hib I.--I L.h-l-. as. medical Utan who look-
aJ Bo ,ilrril ltr.,u-hl hran- ADn acqriinlanee of ours bad
Lee. adtlhld I',a vr i, r'-Lt-om and annoying dLisease Of
ir,. taIc Irc." ,'l.i-Jl,,-, I ",cchm' woreata be prow up.-
-i-. E-cjpiG.Fd Ii,- h1l PhciciLaus, be vitlited tLbevanclu
nit'-dlc.alriptrp ra ig J Bs-veral i ea rouy .ea, aud pert
ilh-icrlde of ,uliaars, 1lui il tin cO purpose; he wa rasplilty
.erof r. x< it-, a, -,, te pit hlirelf under Ibi care of Dr.
I-frilI," in tiini-it rnntlit iie.hes aneoluiely'curea and baU
r'- tiii,: pIi-'lly .n-I er btinr-e-a period now ofr three
Fromr ibhe Am-rira'i C.-,irler.
Dr.n.0li"r -rlrry '-| or '.i ir'- an," .[I. wiih interest.
tl.bL Dr. P lrnioi I' U LL.i- ris i-n h ijtea bid Ii aIt llt o na -
[I tltily, 'ri Iti 9lr 'rc ,. ioaiine&aea of the Skin, for tOt
nucca". i tlieaierelioi whvicch he one qualified himself by
!oup study, a bu i I.L--tiflb.-ranleyoerlenceandcioaaobsr .
Vance in the doeptisi' o. E...ocp We learn ti he ban fliaa i
sha -IUOLfa'-uot Oia cUrIo._--imeruo.s very drlirlt]ujci caIN ra
lfctjl).
Ccl.Fr,,.n lthe- Cliv I reim
0 H. PanrniIG, EM.D.-AutietoD is solicIted to ibecau
olf this gentlemaniD ic ch rier part of thia paper. Confidence
toay lI. reposed aI bin,-
Froi tII N-Nh,tIl.', i Teino Whig.
Dr Ptr[tuee itIwiy '," o in-iti. nded by the Eaatera
f,,.c B heU eryB e..Cse'iitl P'IClllOdir the tireataenti
UlnaU~i ll'-i t tie~ 5 ainal. C
Finmt i fe Piriila-ilphia San.
Dir 0 1 Parridge, ni i'-i Spruce-iL wdo pay perdonu-
lur aioeilori l tbe Ir-Imclit otlf cuLilaneona dlieases and..
hirite'-il's of ile Inre,., i U Ite t"il lb much success. bThe
uri a hbl'cli i,, L.a rtlcircdJ, are wonderfjl iriumpha or
ierlc ie ovner the i'oni ltr icist dn c-is-- of physical uirlbeingh.
From Sa fiI'. \\'. t.1S Pdpr-r of Ja-Luary 26, ilM.
DR PuARtioGF -Tl, r ,,noer hun doubtiles observed the
Card ui Dr Partrige Vs. tali nccrialon to directItheal-
-nit- nr of those ath-cird. so la i.ri, that Dr Patridge a
a- rnice si phvsiriln, rId hoins a dBriltirutished position In
thid cllyv. wlflrir he r it itlliuOin Triose "o nroundit
iiei-ireli-s i i.l. i rnr, .l icf c-ItiIr of'Of 'iLntJclg a lair ro-
ti ri I..r c II ci iir. 'I i
From ILa (.lieiterutBl''wn Telegraph.
Dt 0. H PARItIUCLU -The success of Dr. Partridge,
As apiailuoner in ui.ae&Ser of Lihe akin, Scrofula, and dia-
eBack or she iliroat, ire hnve repeatedly neao noticed in the
aewspapeis had 0e er- ibippv 1to nave tL phidl nic Informa-
0tion ht firitea de I'iy IV luy r prl-oe anvicB His late
uri0e o1r Li-to:ure. t 2Ltfe- ,I the skin. elicited much
ccmiIendil'oniit rm, sntI ra ltlrrI ii1r pr-.dJeilor or an exn
pten-rdrcari a a-rti a -w litimnt"i mindl, bairtOnhaned and ma-
toried, ba t- I.IL been. cy practice and onoervatton in tea
Jiubpliais of Ldr -pa
it ruo Lhn e Btp inawlat.on N Y. Couner
Dr Parlinle pus-it-.he lui Caid merely, Uisl weour-
s.i-ctB feel itiadijit. 1& ay omelitoi moletlit.
flJt6es6e iof h tie I-rit l.t r. 1ell. ui. ULn,'-PU6 Ifr-,uOleB par-
tiking oi the ,crfi'i'L l,. L- ve lerE .u prein,1elA tJronughoul
cacr l riute CtuCjir,, triL ihJr fitliI.ilro fi IneJiC tJ mie- i
(C pti,-i ly .J.-:.[- J I. i i )r P -mitle, I. ipehips, I.e -
t'J-iwea m r-.lte tienlt.n cIlOt .hie S'Ji.ieci, than y other
Piiyici u iII OIIv LUoti-la lilte 5cr aliudieia IO Pana for
th-,., ce-ld-n .pel-'tlpg itlu'id parioU in t1ading ibe pilled
pai Dcapii' at 'firihi trawin Barij otn tire CUoitiMut.
\%ee hc o f B 'nc-? 'Vr-iltl -,i, h,-i-Irortij I us very much,
cod kbiab cc- iti ic-ri-or ijn tin lllicoDectoo. lil tthlat of
a OitrG gL'PcJr -ra-t thomonae ItvL, i.'ageb to Europe In
oi iEr |o be iclie-aJ Irirl baj sutiie -i-i Lthroatl, tia
PI-ti1 lari ,,Vldi:. 'bd.i-11 B am Ia' c-sa.-t tn; 1 s '1 -a geakord.
to bLit tiprrarIr, rfit,. r-- put hmneif 'rdcr the care pD
Dr Prlliaae LT-jJ vebcur.tl 1a law a wJeeka,by hlnslmpla
and irdlcloui irewtnoitIt
I' Ltiri rn j'ur advic O mUtL be poit-pald and contain a
f6Ieef WV-

SP 0T T E N 'S COMPOUND COD
LIVER OIL CA.NDV -Thh or-Iorsa from Lbecountry
gOi't.g Into 'Ili ipLt'i. I IP B -c.r 1.o totsl perleas reme-
Sfur CLuUb., col ls.i .g cuPnplaiat, tuad all aiTlcUona of
Lhe lo'ioi, i-nr i t ,hai lt p piI'lr'to Icriceniap In ihe gricul-
tural e'It l-:i a, fltl I.- ir, Itb city CompirintaS are made
Cnii lusIh p'rea Ihbi it I rRI,- L be OLtainDd fiele, Dand In-
ltrnevicIna tile imtcai impuattiI-mnicially arrive tequesting
ibe or eie they lncitlc- oiL.v he tilled with dlsImpatcn." Pa-
hleace. friettd. prmt-eF. Wc. ith'lls '-1aei s i nuTlplj lg heo-
or ia all expecin.rior, tit le elav, wilt tnBoldably occur.
if I fi\' THUIAnts 8 bp crfc.it 1,. Bowery,.N. Y.
NEW VILLAGL OF HERMANN-
VI]LL_.-ONL' ^5 FOR A TOJJ5STEAD:-
22i FAJIIt9, \VJRT %UrVEll aSS50 % AND%400
LOT3S TO bF DISiilbUTED AMONG SO( SUS.-
80RIBERS -Etrath aunecnbeila i.fulied Lo8 Lots. 25 by
'rIt fet1, iVLg iLOCteLtor to FAAINM of from 4 to 20 acres.
'le etn ,.rea'octthtle c.1 t i'.oa-p&aable-, w hen anbanrLbed
for. *$ on or Ltiit- in, day of diLrtliIjuan. and the-
bisarce Ii maolthly lun.iimnlna o6S3 Ifidbilrrd a War.
riritee De-d niii be muoe rt i Imrnedtsita-iy a er the dis-
srILUIIon, ned JettuerLd dll'C[i fits iTer Pylig thbe balasace.
APnon J5 haberE ace rn. i, 'tarboJd rar
The Loif.irreteimaicL,-altM,u tita eaEf H-RMAN ,'ILLI.
on the LrTJ hniand [elrt-fil Cuanty Af Suffolk, and. 0An
miles ifrom ine City ol New-Yors, aua adjona.laheland,
a16.o b nw vuJo p n IaL'c.titl la'i1 oa0, abere bandasome
butilr'po nl c-st-cIed, Ead rir Rtailroad Company coce.nr
plate mkIngL a iBeac, bi fort-heterminavton us heir early
Roo ]tifae "iaii-t.'LWece tLl eritaria edBruockln ltioLcneof
iheheealItAei-t p1ctea In thil United Staten. wiititn oe mUm of
Bochonholoma Lake, a nctrcnruto sheet of water about shrne
tlJlrIcn clrcu ftrerice. of l enui-r'. Irrni3pareecyand of great
deplh, will an atbutrnl-ce of fab. The ilaIe aIs bali miles
aLtrs from hIpla t c-iotbh Biy. wtLnich al IUeas wideMand
4iJiUeIles loop,haudadljynir.pLsd witLh oyaLerf .eluna, and
bia' 01 various kinds.
Thene lauds al produce aM mrtch pL'r acre, with tihelmae
cOitilvaoo, o any annd. i i.itiDftla n t illes nf New-York.
Tbere have bEo raleid OULrtiug Ibe put Bsa-On iLe very
beat ot Corn. and Potatoes c-e hi.,.dri, dard Jltribwhaelsj ,er
oref, Egg Pianu, ad avanelr-y of ga.rdoen vUgeiblna, on
Iard ccr ithe Long Jla,,.d Rhilrasd, at Lake Roead for
when premJiums at the Sujiil CucEty Agncu'rtral pair,
held September '", ]ut, vaere gtivam Also, peas, beent,
ouibrp, a,]nsbeL, puopainep. beetL and loeMaLona.
Thefollonilng Is from the Now-York Farmer and M.
rhanlc of Nov 7. I1'0, ad waa write by Mr. S8ar, iLd'
Editor, who vlited the inda The wbheat, p-taoel and
crops referred so In tho article were at Lakeland, near
Hrrtannuiille Sltatio
-. Ha',1 B fw si.oln Id,r-jra doracig Il pil tick we warsa ,n
.*sr oner uI a Lon L',I,, Ktfd iln aIr, lai.r i c iar ir Lhe Countrr
St.L0iila -rr,,lt f isn t . TurM hlic i w- fiLd tW b .y.bpas of era,-
Itnq r.la]nd pLritLltil cta. .t. AtoMbhI JtE. in iLe imaeon
3,j 'I'sw td urCoeIr ne t we,..d.esfi -a as r a rpr aid i thab qm mj
,, cr4 I.iL-dadsra .,- he cl' i v -oIh ,hab d bnd sLnterd .' m porn
L-.. I thl uLsed.ba eli-. tLe ittT trap., t h-a sb pesBlX i,'t al
p> miii. tintl --...1i Lad b1r. sor bt 'he-o oesher..eak,
',"ti",i bi.t II it. iL n" BP-prl iat-.ii cukL U.si. ,,I b tao alld
ou "1 itilL.lL" ilu ',1 niLei' r i r iGitls su i am iulJ onimpire ad.
-etlet.,il) will I- Id- .b, -n s ir. ln.."e Put.tlne ne
1a0J) in l.i-it- l -eil ere ie," in.S, rt--aii-tj d e etaiaarn
'.- ri si.I'lAl r 1. the il ia.. L pM.pl',Pr b hr M acbl ItJl e sW as-
L adt 'Il..i 1 id z cule te.aI in blhdm d djt psi ir. B, I r JLb It
t-g.athttblv ]t. I rIa,, 5 tha prim gm Itl Ue Eu tnA C-irty PF.,
,re .i=-s I (ri Sc perLtianf Lbfir n,-id. Wa, iri ,"a nat oct- u.i.d
'utLIt.-'iieF nli Al i -iter e .tiaes,) fSsoaDly iimrpe.
ea. Inb Iur 'L I~toe thsMeand.., to t-rdrblry otarad bi the pub
it It pie .1 w - I, Js.I s E .. duuliin ,n qcew care, sand wo oeld
IL .ia Uti aRTIia,I ILo-e hbo desie a cbhap ad algIba S. (A nn
UI.BL-.0 BiuO"
1itermanvllie SttionD located oan the bordam oft he Long
islad BRairoad, where cars run several tmra a day to
Brooklyn and New.lYork. Tin surfaceof the land IssilooLh
an d level, man the surrounding colal teI potblJy healthy
and ernhtf a few miles ofthis place,ghbly cultivated and
valuable, haring been seiuld tfor morn han 150 yeas, and
where sImUar leads eIl frpom ot5 lu I O per acro
SApply o THOb \'OOD, eaooner 117 John-t.
near Peart.N Y.or CHARLES WiiOOD, BLt i same place,
either of whom wvlt receive renittances sed forward rs-
cipsa therefor by renm. of n m.l. They will alan gralalt.
ounly ibretsh maps ani pamphets of the propeny. sad
eeit-riAy g.ive autch other infornatlona u may bo desired.
C[LARLES WOOD. 117 Jobnh-sL N. Y
I alrso hese-" to sny lha[ J have god FARM L iP LANDS) i
woetof oy MitlqIe Lan d wbich I w-I a-l ln,5arreelot
ora1 owad, at front r. to ,tuperac-e These lands anr.
welelontoil for f'rnine and garden purpoaea In evesr- ..
crpePct
r fleferenree as to the quality ol tbelandi can bemiel-""
ta HOn Encry MNl.'ysadn den. Cban tJer, or ieAonertlcsa.-
SInvetht-. RooiraSii Br' ati.Bf New York n C.M aton,
paitliber, falIon ft N Y O J. Browne, taq oflleeof~b$--
AntesrlraArtcintorlal, It7 Water-ii N. Y LUr L-I.PfSf.
3rJS aitei. BronklyTi; AIonaej 8p-an,.r. 3 Fronias Brook-
iys; 0 H. StrkiicrJrB Brcoadry. N.Y.: 0. BoIlmnn. sa
uocer. Boslon, M.ta ; E H. Pecea, Bo-akseller, Albany,
d V.' Tbomas Aicraim a'd George D Lymai, Jorsey
Cit ; Leni Dr-dye. of Dodge & Co's xpra6. i. WeIl.st.
N Y. aecrsee. Mora.J r.22l pear-8s N. y ;V_B. Pal.
mer, Philadelphia. If ItWa

J & P, COATS'S SIX CORD SPOOL
a COTTON.--The vender and cooacmers ofontBpool
Cotors, are heresy informed. that 'we have no Siearesa
wbhavo.eeither directly or lnlr-ecty. le Ib tnlkatore5
or sale ofany other arudle of Bpool Cantat Imported Info
she United ates, thian rio one which bears O eo di ,met
onr name in rafl "J. & P. COATS," and that of ,hn&ie *
Coals, Genera] Agent for the Uniktd BMStt," si we iarm lae
leave itLe came tim, to aisle, lia al our Thre ait *
Bmnnfaciornd by ourmelven, withinf nor s., nwu istiiiyy'- .
havtin recently madureex iTi Bd o a o i arloas e a lr."ws
which Wll niaiaill.y increase our prodecilon, rabl "
b-ire lo ne *hlB ta kap pue with the conasapi jggm "
to~r dpmand trom UIJ Dniitd 81,l.. ,,. -+/+" -" y ;
Our wadM marks,. hibng by many d.adale rt -l r'
faIt proneedon orfshe L CoIa lCanin, we shal i -i- -
tciolealllngO s-aMnuoftlein. 3. k P. pOBUBB -.,'*".
*ANDREW eOATS,OC G t-'^
JL.s mP&WIm for ate Da adg^^---'
To County and OCiy Mereahla. ,7.' .
M OULTON & CO. 2e Pine and 64 Ce-
.J-daur at. offer by th piece or packue on of abe mnll
inside and varied STOCKS O1 rENECB. 0EBMAH,
BNOILISH AND AMERICAN DRY 000Da to be founA.
In hisiy, prices ta wil pine coese CABH BUY.
EB. JII lmDltmWc


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