Forest Products Laboratory's toughness testing machine

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Title:
Forest Products Laboratory's toughness testing machine
Physical Description:
Book
Creator:
Forest Products Laboratory (U.S.)
University of Wisconsin
Publisher:
United States Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory ( Madison, Wis )
Publication Date:

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Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 29393543
oclc - 757394575
System ID:
AA00020675:00001

Full Text




MOUREST PIOCUUCTS LAICIATOIY'S
TCOUIINESS TESTING MtACIHINt
November 1941



















TillS I ItOIUT IS ONI Ot A StIlMS ISSUE
TO AID THil NATION'S IDIUtNS trrlEfCT



No. 130S




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
FOREST SERVICE
FOREST PRODUCTS LABORATORY
Madison, Wisconsin
In Cooperation with the University of Wisconsin

















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013











http://archive.org/details/forestpla00fore












THB =FCST PRODUCTS LABORATORY'S "C''7.:'33 TrSTI!, ',ACHI E-'



:,o two pieces of wood, even of the same species, are exactly
alike. In studying the variability of wood it is observed that somr
pieces contain thick-walled cells and small cell spaces, others vr:
thin-walled cells, large cell spaces and large pores or vessels, tme
amount of wood substance in a given volume occasionally varyin_ as
much as three to one in a single species. Since all wood subst: -.-
,as approximately the same density, the denser srecimnn will contain
more wood substance than the lighter one. What is more logical, th, n,
than to believe that the denser the piece (the more wood substance
per unit volume) the higher will be its strength properties? Sucn,
in general, is actually the case. la-.s governing the relation of
density to the different strength properties have been determined,
and, in general, show that any increase in density is usually -tt nr1.d
by more than a proportional increase in other properties.

But while density gives a good indication of the rropertips, it,
nevertheless, has some important limitations. Thus the position in
the tree for such species as hickory and asn is of great significance,
the material from the butt of upland timber having very high tensilE
strength, and relatively low compressive strength for its weight,
while higher in the tree the reverse is true. Other s-oecies, or
these species when grown under different conditions, may not show this
characteristic variation. There are many silvicultural conditions
which probably influence somewhat the relation of density to strength.
It is seldom, however, that all streni-th properties are influenced in
the same way.

Toughness in wood, which is essential in many uses, is drenonnt
on a combination of -roperties, or rather on the relation of t-nsile



1
The Civil Aeronautics Authority (Airworthiness Report i1, July, 194( )
approves the use of this m.:chine'as a means of determining the basic
quality of wood to be used in aircraft construction.
r^
--his mimeogra-rh is one of a series of reports issued by, tho Forest
Products Laboratory to aid the ration's defense effort.


Mimeo. No. ] 7O






-2-


to compressive strength. When the tensile strength is abnormally
high for a tiven density, it is quite common that the compressive
strength will be somewhat low. On the other nand, when the tensile
strer.ngth is abnormally lor" for its density, the compressive stren"t'i
is not infrequently normal or above normal. It is significant,
further, that relatively small changes in ratio of tensile to com-
pressive strength have an important bearing on the failure in bend-
ing, and are accompanied by very large chances in tougnness. In
addition, incipient decay may have a very marked influence on tough-
ness before its effect is indicated by density. Nor is density a
criterion of other defects which have a pronounced effect unon the
tensile strength. Thus it is seen that density cannot be d-rerpnld
upon to give a reliable criterion of toughness. When this property
is of importance, therefore, some dependable means of determining
it is essential. Such a means is provided by the toughness machine
developed at the Forest Products Laboratory which offers a relative-
ly simple method of obtaining the relation of compression to tensile
strern_-th, as will later be explained.

In brief, the inspection method which the Forest Products
Laboratory now recommends for stock intended for exacting uses, oartic-
ularly aircraft, provides for the testing of one or more specimens (pref-
erably not les3 than four) from each piece under consideration. To be
acceptable, the piece (1) must either meet a minimum toughness require-
mint established for the species in question, or if within a certain
tolerance below the minimum must pass in addition the present specific
gravity limitation; (2) must show a limited range in toughness values
for all specimens from the same piece; and (3) must pass careful
visual inspection. The object of limiting the ran,-e in toughness
values for specimens from any one piece of stock is to guard n.-iinst
pieces which contain compression failures. Careful visual inspection
is necessary to eliminate compression wood as well as diagonal and
spiral grain, etc.

It should not be inferred that the Forest Products Laboratory
Toughness Yachine is recommended as a panacea for all inspection
or selection difficulties. Its use is not practical or necessar-
in cases involvin- wood inspection wherc strength is not a prime
requisite. In certain special instances, however, where safety, un-
interr-ircted factory oTerations, or the like, are dependent on one or a
few wooden pieces, the toughness machine' should rrove of greatt value.
As a means of obtaining suitable airplane material its merit has been
demonstrated by tests on continuous beams and also by the comparison
of static strength values for structural members studied.


130 '













The toughness tests may be made on samples from the rough stock .
If at this early stage a piece is found unsuitable for the purnose ir-
tended, the material has not only been kept practically intact to
divert to other uses, but the time and effort involved in unnecessar7
machining and fabrication has been saved. Again, in many cases lar'el
quantities of high-grace lumber have been rejected, for str-nirth us'1
because of stains which develop after purchase. Suci stock, oven
though purchased at a premium, can usually be disposed of only at
sacrifice. If the toughness test were employed for selection, in
treatment given to prevent further infection, much of this stock v.,ouli
no doubt be found satisfactory. These are but examples of posible
economies which await the use of the toughness machine.


H-ow the Toughness Tester Works


The toughness machine operates on the pendulum principle, but
it differs radically from other types in that the lo'.d is apnlied to
the specimen by means of a cable fastened around a drum mounted or the
axis of the pendulum, as shown in tha drawing, rather thnn by direct
impct of pendulum and specimen. If the -pendulum is raised to some
initial position and allowed to swing freely, it -:ill reach a like
height on the opposite side except for a small loss due to friction.
When a specimen is in the machine, the pendulum fail- to swing to a
like height on the opposite side by an amount representing the ener*"
consumed in breaking the piece. Hence, in determir.in,- toughness it ic
only necessary to read the initial and the final an-le of swing; after
which, by reference to a table for the given -reight position the to-th-
ness of the standard-sized specimen can be read directly.

Because of its relatively simple operation, technically-trairnd
observers are unnecessary for the successful use of the machine.


Description of Machine


The toughness machine consists essentially of frame suroortinr
a pendulum, the whole being so arranged that a measured amount of the
energy from the fall of the pendulum m,i- be arnlied to n tfrst sreci'ren.
The pendulum consists of a bar to v'hich i- bolted --ei-ht adjustable
to different -positions, and carries at th up-ner en, a drum or eulle-
7-iose center Drovides the axis of rotation. The toughness specimen


130o


-3-










is tested as a beam with two vertical pins, adjustable as to span,
acting as supports. The force is applied to the center of the
specimen (in the standard test) by means of a flexible steel cable
passing over the drum. A stationary graduated scale or dial and a
vernier operated by the moving drum are provided for reaninq the
angles through which the pendulum swings. The toughness values for
specimens tested may be obtained directly from a table which can be
readily prepared.


Adjustment and Use


The shaft on which the pendulum rotates must be level Pnd con-
centric with the dial (g) (See Figure I), and the pendulum must swinf
in a vertical lane pr-3llel to the longitu-inrl axis of the machine.
The plane of the dial must be parallel to the plane in which h the
pendulum springs. These are fundamental adjustments which h should be
made at the time of manufacture, and should usually require no
attention unless the machine has been disassembled or damaged. The
dial is so constructed that it may be rotated slightly about its axis
to allow adjustment for the zero of the vernier (h), shoulA this be
necessary.

The machine is so designed that the pendulum rn::. be raised to
any one of three initial angles, 30, 450, or 60 with the vertical
and the weight adjusted to five different positions. The pendulum
release trip operated by the foot lever can be inspected by remov-
ing the cover plate (r) on the trip housing. With the cover plates
off, the trip can be readily removed and replaced so as to afford
release from any one of the three initial angles desired. The
various springs connected with the trip should be adjusted to afford
easy operation.

There are two interrelated principal adjustments v/hich must be
made preparatory to testing, and v"hich must be checked at intervals
during testing work, nnmely, (1) th' zero adjustment of dial, and
(2) friction compensation. adjustment. The rrocelure i7 as follows:

Zero adjustment of dial. Set the pendulum in motion with a
small rmrliu1r;. nrd 1, t it swing until it comes to rest, the ob.ijct
bein.r to insure its storing in a truly vertical position. Adjust
the zero of the vernier by means of the thumb-screw, (j) to correspond
to the zero on the dial.

Friction compensating adjustment. A practical method of correct-
ing for friction is to in.cr,-.'e the initial *r-le sufficiently ;o that


-4-






-5-


the final angle of free s.-ing shall have exactly the nominal valu-.
This is done by raising one end of the machine by means of the ad-
justing screws (a) 11'hich are provided for the purpose. To make
the adjustment, operate the machine without t a specimen, taking care
that the stirrup is in its proper seat and the vw rnier adjusted to
zero and in contact 'Tith the thumbscrew. If the --endulum, on bein-
released by the trip and allowed to s:.ing free, 7ivec:. a final an.>le
of exactly 300, 45, or 60, as the case may be, the rracdine is in
adjustment. If, on the other hand, the dial reading after operation
is less than 300, 45, or 60, as the case may be, the end of the
machine must be raised by means of the adjusting screws provided,
care being taken to keep the machine level laterally by advancing
both screws the same amount. If the dial reading is more than 30,
745, or 60, the end of the machine must be lowered.

After raising or lowering the end of the machine, the zero of
the vernier should again be set to correspond to that of the dial.
The machine should be operated as before v7,ithout specimrren, "nd
If the final angle does not read exactly 30, 450, or 60 as desired,
tne manipulations should be continued until the rp ndulum "'hen re-
leased gives the desired final angle, and, on coming, to rest in the
vertical position, a zero dial reading. The initial -n,-le .Till then
exceed the nominal 300, 450, or 60 by a small rea-dinr '-.ich repre-
sents the friction compensation.

The cable is slack when the pendulum is in the initial position.
Its amount of free play is adjusted by moving the specimen support
plate (u) by means of the wheel (t), so that the pendulum aprlies
the force when it s77ings to -7ithin about 150 of the vertical, the
object being to produce complete failure by the time the do7-.nward
swing is completed. With very tough material earlier contact should
be provided.

TTse of Tou,hness Macnine

Size of Specimen

It is preferable, wherever possible, to ise tne stanr.rd test
specimen, vhicn is 5/9 by 5/9 by 10 inches tested over ,n S-inch
span, since no simple law has as yet been arrived at b" hicn tne
data r1v-~ be reduced to an absolute basis inep-nde-nt of variations
in span and depth of specimen. A special table, is provided, by means
of which toughness, represented by the totql "forkl in inch-pounds eox-
pended by the pendulum in breaking- the riece, can be read directly
without computation. When the machine is used for acceptance te-sts,
it is at least essential that the specimen be accurately cut to the
same size as that upon which the minimum acceptance values have been
established. The load should be apnlid to the t:n-ential face rain
sIde of the specimen.


1308










In special cases, when it is necessary to depart from the
standard size, the width only should be varied and this not to
exceed about one-third the standard if comparison is to be made -'ith
standard pieces on a strictly proportional basis. Specimens of less
than standard width should be tested with the full standard dimension
(derth) in the direction of the pull.

Operation.

In the operation of the machine the position of the 7Teight and
initial anglo of pendulum must be such that complete failure is
obtained vith a single drop. On the other hand, the pendulum should
not s7'ing too far after failure of the specimen. For the most satis-
factory results there should preferably be a difference in initial
and final Pngle of *at least 100 for the average specimen.

Weight Positions.
#
In gen ral, not more than five -'ei'ht positions -ill be found
on the standard machine. These rill be sufficient to meet the
ordinary requirements of use, although other mac-ine capacities may
be obtained by means of supplementary pendulum ignts.

'The eight positions provided are numb' red from tie lower end
of tee pendulum, the number of eacnI position boin,7 started on the
bar so as to appear immediately above the "/oi'ht er. bolted in place.


METiOD OF LOCATI':T' POSITION OF C CL73
FOR ATTAC-I!T, SLIDIU''- WEIGHT

A theoretical method of calculating th( distance of the *eigt
from the axis for the several machine canracities, ,-hen 4iv,-n the
weight and measurement of the several pnrts, and a means of calculat-
ing the effect of the metal removed in boring the several holes is
herein presented.

Calculations by this method show that the effect of the removal
of the metal for the holes causes a mxxi.urm error of only about 0.2
percent. The effect of boring the holes can, therefore, be ignored.

The simpl-st method of loc.:ti ,-. the hole positions is therefore
as follows:

1. Remove the cnble from tn'- drim, but replace ,the cable clips.

2. measure the distance from the center of axis of rotation to
the crnt r of the pin at the end of the pendulumn.






-7-


3. Support the pendulum (with the sliding weight) horizontally,
letting the shaft at the axis of rotation serve as one fulcrum.
Support the other end of the center of the end pin on a sensitive
platform scale. The weight is then slid on the pendulum bar until
the scale indicates the required reaction, as calculated from the
desired machine constants and the length of moment arm as determined
under 2 above. The position of the weight is then spotted on the
bar with a special pointed center pin.

Empirical Method

Calculation of required reaction on scale, when sliding weight
is in proper position to provide specified machine constants.

Extra moment due to unbored pendulum 1.33 inch-pounds.


Position 1.


WL 1346 inch-pounds

AL + 1.533 1547.3


3 "-- 3217


TI 1547.5 41.88 pounds
52.17


Position 2.


WL 1222


T2 1225.5 58.05 pounds
52.17


Position 5.


WL 1055


T 1056.5 52.85 pounds
52.17


Position 4.


WL 885


T4 886.5 27.55 pounds
52.17


Z & 3)707 F









Position 5.


WL 716


T5 717.3 22.50 pounds
52.17

The establishment of the specified machine constants by this
empirical method then consists in sliding the weight on the pendulum
bar until the scale indicates the required reaction, as computed
above. The position of the weight is then spotted on the bar with a
spiral pointed center pin.

A sample calculation follows. If desired the positions can be
checked by measurements calculated from the theoretical method herein
presented.

Determination of Positions of Sliding Weight
F. P. L. Toughness Machine


-X5
4..


Calculation Method


1. Measure reaction R and distance L before boring holes in rod.
Then RL moment of rod and fixed attachments.

2. Let

M1, M2, etc. specified moment with sliding weight at Xl,
X2, etc. (See page 11 for values of machine
constants for different weight positions.)


W weight of sliding weight.


Z ik 31706


-8-






-9-


Find



Find

Distole;cc
to find XI.

5. Let

Then


X2 XI from the relation

N(X2-XI) V MI

X3 Xl, X4 XI, and X5 XI, similarly.

t Lween holes are now known and all that remains is


w Weight of metal to be bored from one hole.


'KX1 + RL w(X1 + X2 + X5 + X4 + X5) -

WXl + RL w[5X1 + (X2 Xl) + (X3 Xl) + (X4 Xl)

S(Xs- Xi) ] M

Hence Xj is readily found.

Ex ampIe:

Weight of slidirng weight 53.00 pounds

Weight of pin for sliding weight 0.20 pounds

.*,ight of sliding weight and pin 53.20 pounds


eightt of Kendlum including drum and cable clips, and end pin
52.64 pounds.

Distance from center of rotation to center of end pin (L) -
32.17 inches.

Weight of reaction of pendulum horizontal, supported at other
end by shaft, P 4.40 pounds. (Sliding weight not included.)

-R=4-.40 ibs.


I 39W79 F





- 10 -


z Sliding Weight + pin = 53.20 Ibs.



0- 0 04
5 4 3 2 1


[-- 32.17"

M 32.17 x 4.40 141.55 inch-pounds.

Machine Constants

Position 0 1 2 3 4 5

Capacity (Inch-Pounds) 1452 1346 1222 1055 885 716

X2 X1 885 716 169 3.177
53.20 53.20

X3 XI 1055 716 339 6.372
55.20 55.20

X4 X1 1222 716 506 9.511
53.20 55.20

X5- XI 1346 716 630 11.842
55.20 55.20

Metal bored from each hole (3/8 inch diameter hole in bar 1/2 inch
thick) .0157 pound.

716 55.20 Xl + (32.17 x 4.40) .0157 (5X1 + (X2 Xl) + (X5 Xl) +

(X4 Xl) + (X5 Xl))

53.20 Xl .0785 Xl 716 141.55 + 0.49

53.12 X1 574.94 5XI 5 (10.82) 54.10

XI 10.82 inches .0157 x 85.00 1.35






- II -


Computation of Results

Values have been tabulated from the solution of the follov-inr
formula:

Toughness (Work per specimen, inch-pounds) = wl (cos A2 cos AI)

where

w = weight of the pendulum in pounds

1 = distance from the center of the supporting axis to the
center of gravity of the pendulum

Al = initial angle (Since friction is compensated for in the
machine adjustment, the initial angle miv be regarded 1s
exactly 30, 450, or 60, as the case may be.)

A2 = final an71e the pendulum makes with the vertical after
failure of the test specimen.

The product "vwl" is a machine constant which has been adopted
as standard for Forest Products Laboratory toughness machines, and
is a part of the inherent design. The poise used has a weight of
about 75 pounds. The values of 7!l for various positions of the
weight are as follows:

Position of the weight Value of wl inch-pounds

0 1,432
1 1i,346
2 1,222
3 1,055
4 Sg5
5 716

Description of Table

The table which has been prenr-red for convenience in obtainin
toughness values from the finnl angle at failure is divided into
three sections--the first for -,n initial angle of 60, the vecon(i for
45, and the third for 300. In eacn section the work values 're
calculated for the different ,eight oositi:)ns. Tou-hnes values for
position No. 0 may be obtained by multinl" in- the corres-ondin#- vlIues
for position No. 5 by 2. The table cpn be extended ns necessity re-
quires.


130g









-12-


By means of the vernier provided, the ,n:.-le may be read to
minutes, vhile the table gives toughness values for tenths of a
degree only. With standard specimens, therefore, the vernier need
ordinarily be read only to the nearest tenth of a dr-r,':-


Example:

The following data were obtained on a 5/S-by 5/9-by 10-inch
Sitka spruce specimen tested on an g-inch span:

Weight in position To. 4
Initial angle, 45 (nominal)
Final angle, 29005'

To find the toughness, turn to the table headed "Initial anglp
45 plus friction". Read down the first column, headed "Final angle",
until 29.1 (the nearest equivalent to 29005)') is reached. Opposite
this value, and in the column headed "Position of weight No. 4", the
figures l147.5 appear. The work required to break the specimen, Pnd
hence its toughness value, is therefore 147.5 inch-nounds.

Spruce specimens of standard size tested in accordance with the
preceding instructions (load applied to the tangntial face) are con-
sidered to represent sprucP acceptable for use in aircraft construc-
tion if they have an aveirae toughness value of at least 90 inc.h-
pound.-rer specimen (7' inch-pTounds if the specific gravity based on
weight and volume of oven-dry wood is not less th)n 0.36). These
acceptance values ar( to be arrlied to the averae of four or more
specimens and the rr..- in individual test values should. not exceed
1 to 2-1/2 under the acceptable among four specimens. Care shoildr
be ta'_en to obtain enough sTpecimens from each Tiece of material to
be used so as to get a representative test of thn member. In no
case should less than tlo s-necimens from each end of a member spaced
as widely apart as possible be considered as giving a fair value of
the toughness of the member.

MlinimTum acceptance requirements for a number of species includ-
ing spruce are given in the following tabulation:


17 Q(/






-13-

I~inimum acceptance requirements for aircraft woods based on test-
in the Forest Products Laboratory toughness machine


Species of
V0ood


Size of
snecimnen


Span :Minimum average acceTtabll tout7rnrss

7 Wit out
With specific : srcific
-:gravity limitation : Provity
S : : limitation

: minimum : Yinimum : ,*inimumr
:specific : average averse
:ravity2: toughness- tou'hnerss3-


SInch-pounds: Inch-rom'n1s
:per specimen:ner srecimei


White ash....:5/9 x 5/P x 10 : S

Yellow birch.:3/4 x 3/4 x 12 : 10

Douglas-fir..:5/8 x 5/9 x 10 : 8

7Thite oak.... :3/4 x 3/4 x 12 : 10

Sitka spruce.:5/g x 5/9 x 10 : 8

Black walnut.:3/4 x 3/4 x 12 : 10


0.56

: .%5 :


: .62 :

S .36

: .52 :


17l


150


: 175

: 00
: 115

: 200


: 175


=The load is to be applied to the tangential face of the sreciren.
2
-Based on weight and volume of oven-dry wood.
3These values are to be applied to the average of 4 or more te3t snecimons,
and the range in individual test values used in arriving at the average
should not exceed 1 to 2-1/2 among 4 specimens.


A. number of tettlng machine m-niufacturer- ir" rrpr-nreC t) furnish
the Forr-t Prodjuct1- Lalornt iwy tourhnt s, te, tine mcninc on or'cr or
complete blueTrijnt- nece>ry for tr (,)nrtricti n -f this '-Mc in' ill
upon request t' relc.sec t anry :.:aaIson, '., rerrok'uction firr.} ; the
Laboratory.


1308


: Inches


:Inches:










Pasae Z


Page i
60


IKTITAL A'-=E 60 FS


Position of 'e: --,- t


Final


Posltior. of -- -.


1 2 3
wI- 1M4 I .- 2h...- "

I n c h p o r. c


angle

Degrees


.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
1.0

1.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
2.0

2.1
.2
.S
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
3.0

5.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
4.0

4.1
.2
.8
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
5.0


673.1
673.1
675.1
675.1
673.1

675.0
673.0
673.0
673.0
672.8

672.8
672. F
672.7
672.7
672.7

*672,5
672.5
672.4
67Z.* 4
672.4
672.5
672.1
672.0
671.9
671.7

671.7
671.6
-717.5
671.3
671.2

671.1
670.9
670.6
670.7
670.5

670.4
670.3
670 .1
670.0
669.9

669.6
B. 5
669.5
669:.2
668.9

66M.8
668.5
666.4
668.1
688.0


6T1.0
511.0
611.0
611.0
11.0


610.8
!0.8
610.8
a~o. e

610.7

610.7
a, 7
61. 6
F10.6
610.6

610.5
610.5
610.3
i0.5


-0.1

60.0
609.9

69.7
6 09.7
609.6
609.5
6D9.4
a09.2

609.1
609.0
608.9
808.8
308.6

608.5
608.4
608.3
608.2
608.0

1 837.8
S607.7
60'75
607,5
907.4
T07.2

607.1
806.8
W06.7
836.4
836.3


4 5
* ',-._J___


--Le i 14 4 5
I. -'.- -' i.* ~H ~ .. *.. - : U~^.. -


Degree8


442 .4
442.4
442,4
442.4
.42.4


1


5<7. 5
527.5
527.F
527.5
527.5

527.4
527.4
527.4
527.4
527.4

527.3
527.5
S27.2
527.2
527.2

527.0
527.0
525.9
526.9
526.9
526.7

526.7
526.6
526.5
526.4

526.4
526.4
526.2
526.1
526.0

525.9
525.8
525.7
525.6
525.5

525.4
525.5
525.1
525.0
524.9

524.7
524.6
524.5
524.4
524.2

524.1
523.9
525.8
52Z.6
525.5


657.7


666.6

S.., S.



- .7
2.4


358.1

558.1
338.1



352.1D
336.1

358.:
358.0
358.0


358.0

35C.
357.9
3S57.9
357.9

37?
357.?
557.8


357.8
357.7
S57,6


357.5
357.5
357.4

357.4
357.3
S57.2

357.2
357.1

*357.0
357.0

356.9
3556.8


356.7
356.6
356.5
355.5
356.4

356.2
356.2
356.1
356.0
555.9

355.8
355,7
555.6
555.5
555.4


651.1
"-7 .5
56"1.5

561.2






65*-.4
659.5

558.7
77>~ "I


5.; 7.
657.2

656.9
656.5
656.1
6 55.7
655.5
655.'
6 54.6


.6
.7
.8
.9
10.0


654.2
653.8
655.4
655.0
652.6


i n : h p o u n d e


806.1
-, 56.0
60s-'7
305.6
5.3








-:05 .4
605.0
. 34.7
i4.5








an S
'54.2









f
623.1
352.4



.7

602.4
692.2


301.6

i K1.1
61.i .2

50097.5


599.6

5?9.4
52-E .I
1596.7
559S.5

97.



597.3
596.9
595.5

595.9


593,5
595.5
593.1

59.4


523.2


52..S .
522.:


5Z2.1.
52,<.


72.4
522.3

522 .1


51.9










S217.4
5z 7.
S21.,
521 .
521.9


52 6. ?
522.5












51 5.7
52.
519.9


-519.6



51 7

518.4
51P.2
515.
517.7



515.4

516.2
515.9



515.3
5154.
515 4,


512.77
512.4
s51.7
511.4


45e.1


437.
47'?
435.2.

425.1
458.1
437.8
437.7
4' 7.








455. 5
43" 7
437.1



426.7


434 .4
434.-



435.

435.4
435.2
435.4
454.8


434.6
434.4
434.2.
434."

433.5
45:3.5
4,33.4
453.1
4S2.7



432..

431.5
431.5


4'-
431."
45~0. -
430.5
430.3

4' J; ." ""
429. 7
429.5
42 9.


355.:
554.8


354.6
354.5
354.3
354.2

354.0
"4.4

3 .'-



553.4
353.5
' 3 .1
35C 7


350.6
370.6
3 0.4
350.2

349,7



34c *"
549.7
'49.5



348. 3
549.1


34",;


349
54".7.
547.4
54".4


z : 3711 F


44 .C






4-11.5
.41.S


42.
4- 4;
441.7
441.6
441.5

441 *

441.3

441.2


4.1.1
440.9
440.8
44C.7

440.5
440.5
440.4
440.4


4Z9.6
439.4
439.3
439.1
439.0







Page 8
600

INITIAL ANGLE 60 PLUS FRICTION


Position of Weight

2 3 4 5


Iw- 1461 1222 I- 1055 wl 885i 716
iwl- 13461wl- 12221i wl-5105wl- BB51wl- 716


Inch pounds


10.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
11.0

11.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
12.0

12.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
15.0

13.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
14.0

14.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
15.0


428.7 547.0
428.4 546.8
428.1 546.6
427.9 346.4
427.6 546.1

427.5 545.9
427.0 545.6
426.7 545.4
426.5 545.2
426.1 544.9

425.8 544.7
425.6 344.5
425.2 544.2
425.0 544.0
424.6 345.7


652.2
651.8
651.4
651.0
650.6

650.1
649.7
649.3
648.9
648.3

647.9
647.5
647.0
646.6
646.0

645.6
645.1
i 644.7
644.1
643.6

1 643.2
642.7
S642.1
641.7
S641.2

640.6
640.1
639.6
639.2
638.6

638.1
637.5
637.0
636.5
635.9

635.4
634.7
654.2
633.6
635.1

632.6
631.9
651.4
630.8
6M0.1

629.6
629.1
628.4
627.9
627.2


592.0
591.7
591.3
590.9
590.6

590.1
589.7
589.3
589.0
588.5

588.1
587.7
587.5
586.9
586.4

586.0
585.5
585.2
584.7
584.2

583.8
583.5
582.9
582.5
582.0

581.5
581.0
580.5
580.2
579.7

579.2
578.7
578.2
577.8
577.2

576.7
576.1
575.6
575.2
574.7

574.2
573.6
575.1
572.6
572.0

571.5
571.0
570.4
569.9
569.5


Final

angle L11


Page 4
60

INITIAL ANGLE 60 PLUS FRICTION


Position of Weihit

1 2 3 4 5

wi. 1546 1- 12221wl-1055 !w1- 6851ml- 716


II-


Degrees


511.1
510.8
510.5
510.2
509.9

509.4
509.1
508.8
508.5
508.1

507.7
I 507.4
507.0
1 506.7
506.3

505.9
505.5
505.2
504.8
504.4

504.0
503.6
503.2
502.9
502.5

502.0
501.6
501.2
500.9
500.5

500.0
499.6
499.2
498.8
498.4

497.9
497.4
497.0
496.6
496.1

495.7
495.2
494.8
494.5
495.8

493.4
493.0
492.4
492.0
491.5


Degrees


Final

angle





15.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
,9
16.0

16.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
17.0

17.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
18.0

18.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
19.0

19.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
20.0


626.6
626.0
625.4
624.8
624.1

623.5
622.9
622.2
621.5
621.0

620.3
619.6
619.0
618.3
617.6

617.0
616.5
615.6
614.9
614.5

615.6
612.9
612.2
611.4
610.8

610.1
609.4
608.6
607.9
607.5

606.5
605.8
605.0
604.5
605.5

602.8
602.0
601.2
600.5
599.7

598.9
598.2
597.4
596.6
595.8

596.1
594.5
595.5
592.7
691.9


568.8
568.2
567.7
567.1
566.5

566.0
565.4
564.8
564.2
563.7

563.1
562.4
561.8
561.2
560.6

560.0
559.4
558.8
558.2
557.6

557.0
556.3
555.7
555.0
554.4

553.8
553.2
552.4
551.8
551.2

550.5
549.9
549.1
548.5
547.8

547.2
546.4
545.7
545.1
544.4

545.6
543.0
542.5
541.6
540.8

540.2
559.5
558.7
538.0
587.5


424.5
424.0
423.7
425.4
425.0

422.8
422.4
422.0
421.8
421.4

421.1
420.7
420.4
420.1
419.7

419.4
419.0
418.7
418.5
418.0

417.6
417.2
416.8
416.5
416.1

415.8
415.5
415.0
414.6
414.2

415.8
413.5
415.0
412.7
412.2


343.5
345.2
343.0
342.7
542.4

342.2
541.9
341.6
341.4
541.1

540.8
540.6
540.5
540.1
359.8

339.5
359.2
358.9
558.6
358.5

358.1
537.7
537.4
357.1
33556.8

356.6
536.2
535.9
535.6
55.5

555.0
334.7
334.5
534.0
353.7


491.1
490.5
490.1
489.6
489.1

488.6
488.1
487.6
487.1
486.6

486.1
485.6
485.1
484.5
484.0

485.5
482.9
482.4
481.9
481.4

480.8
480.5
479.8
479.2
478.6

478.1
477.6
476.9
476.4
475.9

475.2
474.7
474.1
475.6
472.9

474.4
471.8
471.1
470.6
470.0

469.5
468.8
468.2
467.5
466.9

466.4
465.8
465.1
464.5
465.9


z ) 3712 F


411.9
411.4
411.1
410.6
410.2

409.8
409.4
408.9
408.5
408.2

407.7
407.5
406.8
406.4
405.9

405.5
405.1
404.6
404.2
405.7

403.3
402.8
402.4
401.9
401.4

401.0
400.5
400.0
399.6
599.1

398.6
598.2
397.6
397.2
596.6

596.2
395.7
595.1
594.7
594.2

595.6
595.2
592.7
392.1
591.6

591.2
590.6
590.1
389.6
389.0


333.4
333.0
332.8
332.4
352.0

331.8
331.4
531.0
55330.7
550.4

350.0
529.7
529.5
529.0
528.6

528.2
327.9
327.5
327.2
326.8

326.5
326.1
325.7
325.3
324.9

524.6
324.2
323.8
323.4
323.1

322.7
522.3
321.9
321.5
521.1

320.7
520.5
519.9
519.5
519.1

318.6
518.3
517.9
517.4
517.0

516.6
516.2
515.8
3515.4
514.9




E, S... 5
60


INITIAL ANGLE 60 FLUS IU'l"-ION

Position of Weight

L 2 4
-*f; 1'M^' ,,. '122:. i">. JL-.J 1. ?gs[Hl _1:' n


5"1.]
590.3
58'4.5
5' k '. .-

5-'.l
5.-'.i

584.5
585.7

582.9
581.9
581.1
580.3
579.4

578.6
577.6
576.6
575.9
575.1

574.1
573.5
572.4
571.4
570.6

569.7
588.8
587.9
567.0
566.1


.8
.9
21.0

21.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
22.0

22.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
25.0

25.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
24.0

24.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
25.0


Final


Degree -O

Degree a


INTrIJAL ANGLE 60 FLUS FITICI'ION

Firnal Position of rer.t.


13 --1-_ -- '
____ *i i't -:< -i^ 1 W 1_ .


- p 'u ri d B


I n : h
-T -
556.5
535.8
S535.1


5-,

.' s. I'

530.6
529.8

529.1
528.2
527.5
526.8
525.9

525.2
524.5
S523.6
522.7
522.0

521.1
520.4
519.6
518.7
518.0

517.1
516.3
515.5
514.7
515.8

515.0
512.1
511.5
510.5
509.7

508.8
508.0
507.1
506.2
505.3

504.4
503.6
502.7
501.8
501.0

500.0
499.2
498.5
497.5
496.5


4 6S.."

4 -d c





456.'
4'. .3





458. 1
457.4

456.8
456.0
455.4
454.0
454.0

453.4

452.0
451.5
45D.7

449.9
449.3
448.6
447.8
447.2

446.4
415.7
445.1
444.S
443.6

442.9
442.1
441.4
440.8
440.0

459.5
438.5
437.8
437.1
456.2

435.5
454.7
454.0
433.5
452.5

431.7
430.9
450.2
429.4
428.6


3R2.0
90.
7.4
-.J










37.4
'"'5 .i
34* 2*



383.6

383.1
382.5
382.0
581.4
380.8

380.3
379.7
379.1
578.5
378.0

377.4
376.8
376.2
375.6
375.1

374.4
373.8
373.3
372.7
372.1

371.4
3570.8
370.2
569.7
399.0

368.4
367.8
367.2
366.6
365.9

3655.2
364.6
364.0
3 63.4
562.8

362.1
" 1.4
5m0.8
530.1
359.5


: 4.5
314.1
3 5.6
I 33.:

31..3

311.9
311.4
311.0
310.6

310.1
509.6
509.2
308.8
508.3

307.8
307.5
506.9
S506.4
1 506.0

305.5
305.0
3504.5
504.0
503.6

503.1
302.6
502.2
501.7
501.2

300.7
500.2
299.7
299.2
298.7

298.2
I 297.7
S297.2
296.7
296.2

295.7
295.2
294.7
294.2
293.6

293.1
292.6
292.1
291.5
291.0


I n c h F '- u r a


Degree-s
D2T.5. S .4%

.2 544.9
.3 544.0
.4 542.9
.5 542.0

.6 540 .0
.7 539.9
.8 538.9
.9 537.9
26.0 536.9

26.1 535.8
.2 534.8
.3 533.6
.4 532.7
.5 531.6

.6 550.7
.7 529.6
.8 528.5
.9 527.4
27.0 526.4

27.1 525.3
.2 524.2
.3 523.1
.4 .
.5 521.0

.6 519.9
.7 518.8
.8 517.7
.9 516.7
28.0 515.4

28.1 514.4
.2 515.3
.5 512.2
.4 511.0
.5 509.9

.6 508.9
.7 507.6
.8 506.6
.9 505.5
29.0 504.3

29.1 503.2
.2 ".1
.5 500.9
.4 499.7
.5 498.6

.6 497.4
.7 496.2
.8 495.1
.9 495.9
50.0 492.7


47 ..;
494.6
493.8
492.8
492.3

491.0
490.1
489.1
488.;
487.5

486.3
485.5
484.5
483.5
482.5

481.7
480.7
479.7
478.7
477.8

476.8
475.8
474.8
473.9
472.9

471.9
470.9
470.0
469.0
467.9

466.9
465.9
464.9
465.8
462.9

461.9
460. .8
459.8
458.8
457.7

456.8
455.7
454.7
455.6
452.6

451.5
45D *.4
449.4
448.5
447.2


4- '. *
427.0
426.3
425.5
424.7

423.9
423.1
422.3
421.6
420.7

419.9
419.1
418.3
417.4
416.6

415.9
415.0
414.2
415.5
412.5

411.6
410.8
409.9
409.1
408.5

407.4
406.6
405.7
404.9
403.9

403.,
402.2
401.4
400.5
399.6

598.8
597.8
397.0
596.1
595.2

394.5'
59.4
592.5
391.6
390.7

389,8
588.8
388.0
587.1
586.1


356.2
357.5
356.8
356.2

3S55.5
354.9
354,2
353.6
352.9

35Z.1
350 .
350.8
350.1
349.4

346 .8
34W.1
547.4
546.7
346.0

345.2
5344.5
343.8
343.1
342.4

341.7
341.0
340.3
339.6
538.8

338.1
337.4
336.7

355.2

3S4.4
535.7
352.9
332.2
331.4

35).7
329.9
329.2
328.4
327.7

526.9
326.1
325.4
324.6
523.8


289.9
289.4
288.9
880,3

287.8
2 7.3
286.7
2B6.2
285.6

285.1
284.6

2C3.4
2-. .8

282.5

261.2
' MJ P. 6:
280.0

279.5
278,9
278.,
277,7
277.2

276.6
276.0
275.5
274.9


273.7
273.1
272.5
271.9
271.5

270,7
270.1
269.5
26P.9




264.3
26U7.
2 7.1
266.5
265.9
265.5


264.6
264.0
265.4
262.1
262.1


565.1
564.2
565.2
56 .4
561.5

560.5
559.6
558.7
557.7
556.6

555,7
554.8
555.8
552.9
551.9

550.9
549.9
549.0
547.9
546.9


z u 39713 F


6' 6







Page 7
60

INITIAL ANGLE 60 PLUS FRICTION

V1 np Position of Weight

sn3le 4 5
T.ii- 1055 W- i -la. 716


I n c h po u nd s


50.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
31 ,0







31.1
34. .1

.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7






.8
.9
32.0

52.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
55.0


491.6
490.4
489.2
488.0
486.8

485.6
484.5
483.3
482.1
480.9

479.6
478.4
477.2
476.0
474.7

473.4
472 .2
471.0
469.8
468.5

467.5
466.0
464.8
4 .5
462.3

461.1
459.7
458.5
457.2
455.9

454.6
453.4
452.0
450.7
449.5

448.1
446.9
445.6
444.2
442.9

441.7
440.3
439.0
437.6
436.5

454.9
4533.6
452.5
431.0
429.7


446.2
445.1
444.0
442.9
441.8

440.7
439.8
438.7
437.6
436.5

435.4
434.3
433.2
452.1
430.8

429.7
428.6
427.6
426.4
425.2

424.1
425.0
421.9
420.7
419.6

418.5
417.5
416.2
415.0
413.9

412.6
411.5
410.S
409.1
408.0

S406.8
405.7
404.5
405.2
402.0

400.9
399.7
398.5
397.2
396.0

594.8
3593.6
392.4
I 91.3
590.0


585.5
584.5
585.4
382.4
581.5

580.5
379.7
578.7
377.8
376.8

375.9
574.9
574.0
373.0
372.0

371.0
370.1
569.1
368.2
567.1

366.2
365.2
564.3
363.2
562.5

361.3
3q).5 3
3S9.S
358.5
557.3

356.5
355.3
354.2
353.2
352.2

551.2
350.2
549.2
548.1
347.1

346.1
345.1
344.0
34.3.0
541.9

54W .8
339.8
538.7
337.8
356.7


Page 8
60


Final

angle


Degrees


323.1
322.5
321.5
520.7
319.9

319.1
318.4
317.6
316.8
316.0

315.2
314.5
313.7
3512.9
312.0

311.2
310.4
309.6
300.8
507.9

307.1
506.3
305.5
304.6
306.8

3503.0
302.2
601.4
500.5
299.7

298.8
0298.0
297.1
i ..96.2
;5.4

294.5
293.7
292.9
292.0
291.1

290.3
I29.4
; W6.5
2 2f7.6
2P6.8

285.9
285.0
284.1
283.5
282.4


261.6
2V0.9
260.5
259.6
259.0

258.3
257.8
257.1
256.5
255.8

255.2
254.5
253.9
255.5
252.5

251.9
251.2
250.6
250.0
249.2

248.6
248.0
247.5
246.6
245.9

245.3
244.6
243.9
243.2
242.6

241.9
241.2
240.5
259.8
259.1

238.4
237.8
237.1
236.4
235.6

235.0
234.5
2533.6
232.8
232.1

231.4
230.7
230.0
229.5
228.6


INITIAL ANMLE 60 PLUS FRICTION


1


Position of Weight

2 3 4 5


w ,l1Z.46 wi. 1222iw1. 1055[.l- 8851 1. 716

Inch p ou nd s


55.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
36.0

36.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
37.0

37.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
58.0

38.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
39.0

39.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
40.0


1


vii ,1- .3 a


4.-8.2
426.9
425.5
424.2
422.8

421.5
420.1
418.8
417.3
416.0

414.6
41M.3
411.8
410.4
409.1

407.6
406.3
404.8
403.4
402.0

400.6
599.1
397.8
596.5
595.0

593.5
392.0
3 0.7
389.2
387.7

586.2
584.9
383.4
381.9
580.4

378.9
377.5
376.0
374.5
375.0

371.5
570.1
368.6
567.1
565.6

564.1
562.7
361.2
559.7
558.1


z M 39714 F


.6
.7
.8
.9


34.~1
.2
.5
.4
.5


388.7
387.5
386.2
585.0
585.8

382.6
381.4
580.1
378.8
377.6

376.4
375.1
573.8
372.6
571.3

370.0
568.8
567.4
366.2
364.9

365.6
562.5
361.1
359.7
558.5

357.2
555.8
354.6
353.3
551.9

350.6
549.5
348.0
546.7
545.3

344.0
342.6
341.5
339.9
558.6

33557.5
535.9
334.6
333.2
331.9

530.5
529.2
527 8
326.5
525.0


335.6
334.5
55533.5
552.4
33551.4

33550.5
529.2
528.2
527.0
326.0

3&4.9
5U3.9
3522.7
521.7
320.6

5319.4
318.4
317.2
316.2
315.0

313.9
312.8
311.7
310.6
3509.5

308.4
307.2
306.1
3505.0
3503.8

3502.7
3501.6
500.4
299.5
298.1

297.0
295.8
294.6
295.5
292.5

291.2
290.0
288.8
287.7
286.5

285.4
284.2
283.0
281.9
280.6


281.5
280.6
279.7
278.8
277.9

277.0
276.1
275.5
274.5
275.4

272.6
271.6
270.7
269.8
268.9

267.9
267.0
266.1
265.2
264.2

265.5
262.5
261.5
20.59.6
259.6
258.6
257.6.8
256.8
255.8
254.8
255.8
255.0
2 *"< 1
251.0
250.0

249.1
248.1
247.1
246.1
245.2

244.2
245.2
242.3
241.5
240.5

2589.5
238.4
257.4
256.4
255.4


227.8
227.1
226.4
225.7
225.0

224.2
225.5
222.8
222.0
221.5

220.6
219.9
219.1
218.4
217.7

216.9
216.2
215.4
214.7
2153.9

215.1
212.4
211.6
210.9
210.1

209.4
208.6
207.8
207.1
206.5

205.5
204.8
204.0
205.2
202.4

201.6
200.8
200.0
199.5
198.5

197.7
196.9
196.1
196.5
194.5

195.7
192.9
192.2
191.4
190.5







Page 9
60


INITIAL ANGLE 600 PLUS FRICTION

Final Position of Weight

angle 1 2 3 4 5
j|l- 13461wl- 1222 wl 1065w- 8865Tl- 716


Degrees

40.1
.P
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
41.0

41.1
.2
.3
.4
.6

.6
.2
.8
.9
42.0

42.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
43.0

43.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.8
.7
.8
.9
44.0

44.1
.2
.3
.4
.6

.6
.7
.8
.9
46.0


Inc h-pound d


356.6
355.1
363.6
352.0
86X.O
360.6

349.1
347.4
346.0
344.6
342.9

341.4
339.8
338.3
336.7
3356.2

333.6
332.0
330.6
328.9
327.3

325.8
324.2
322.5
321.1
319.4

317.8
316.2
314.6
313.0
311.6

309.9
308.3
306.7
305.0
303.4

301.8
300.2
298.6
297.C
296.?

293.6
292.0
290.4
288.8
287.1

285.4
283.6
282.2
280.4
278.8


323.7
322.3
321.0
319.5
318.2

316.8
315.4
314.0
312.?
311.2

309.9
308.4
307.1
306.6
304.3

302.8
301.3
300.0
298.5
297.0

296.7
294.2
292.8
291.4
290.0

288.5
287.0
285.6
284.1
282.8

281.3
279.8
278.4
276.9
276.4

274.0
272.5
271.0
269.6
268.0

266.6
265.0
263.6
262.1
280.6

269.0
267.6
266.1
254.5
253.1


I !

2 P 39715 F


279.5
278.3
277.1 *
275.9
274.7

273.6
272.3
271.1
270.0
268.7

267.6
266.3
266.1
263.8
262.7

261.4
260.1
259.0
267.7
266.05

255.3
264.0
252.8
251.6
260.3

249.1
247.8
246.5
245.3
244.1

242.8
241.6
240.3
239.0
237.8

236.6
236.3
234.0
232.7
231.3

230.1
228.8
227.6
226.3
225.0

223.6
222.4
221.1
219.7
218.6


234.4
233.4
232.4
231.4
230.4

229.4
228.4
227.4
226.4
225.4

224.4
223.3
222.3
221.3
220.3

219.2
218.?
217.2
216.1
215.1

214.1
213.1
212.0
211.0
210.0

208.9
207.8
206.8
206.7
204.7

203.7
202.6
201.6
200.6
199.4

198.4
197.3
196.2
196.2
194.0

193,0'
191:9)
190.8
189.8
188.7

187.6
186.6
185.5
184.3
183.2


189.7
188.9
188.2
187.3
186.5


185.7
184.9
184.1
183.3
182.4

181.6
180.8
180.0
179.1
178.3

177.5
176.6
176.8
176.0
174.1

173.3
172.5
171.6
170.8
170.0

169.1
168.2
167.4
166.6
165.7

164.9
164.0
163.2
162.3
161.4

160.6
169.7
168.9
158.0
167.1

156.2
155.3
164.56
163.6
162.8

161.8
161.0
160.1
149.2
148.3


Page 10
60


INITIAL ANGLE 60 PLUS FRICTION


Final

angle




Degrees

46.1
.2
.3
.4
.6


.6
.*
.8



.4
.9
4,.0

46.1
.2
.3
.4
.6

.6
.7
.8
.9
47.0

47.1
.2
.3
.4
.6

.6
.7
.8
.9
48.0

48.1
.2
.3
.4
.5


49.1
.2
.3
.4
.6


Position of Weight


1 2 3 4 5
=1- 1546 m1- 1222[,,1 O6],,i- 8661i- 716


In o h p


277.2
275.4
273.8
272.2
270.4

268.8
267.1
2685.F
263.
262.1

260.3
268.6
257.0
266.2
253.6

261.9
250.1
248.4
246.8
245.0

243.3
241.5
239.9
238.1
236.4

234.6
232.9
231*1
229.4
227.6

226.9
224.1
222.4
220.6
218.9

217.1
215.4
213.6
211.9
210.1

208.3
206.6
204.8
203.0
201.1

199.4
197.
196.9
194.0
192.2


251.6
250.0
248.6
247.1
246.6

244.0
242.4
241.0
239.4
237.9

236.3
234.7
233.3
231.7
250,2

218.6
227.0
226.4
224.0
222.4

220.8
219.2
217.7
216.2
214.6

213.0
211.4
209.8
208.2
206.6

206.0
203.4
201.9
200.5
198.7

197.1
195.5
193.9
192.3
190.7

189.0
187.4
186.9
184.3
182.6

181.0
179.4
177.8
176.1
174.6


.unda
o u n d a

217.2
215.8
214.6
215.3
211.9

210.7
200.3
208.0
206.7
205.4

204.0
202.7
201.4
200.0
198.7

197.4
196.0
194.6
193.4
192.0

190.6
189.3
188.0
186.6
185.2

183.9
182.6
181.1
179.8
178.4

177.0
1765.6
174.3
172.9
171.5

170.2
168.8
167.4
166.0
164.7

163.2
161.8
160.6
169.1
167.6

166.2
154.9
163;6
162.0
160.6


182.2 147.6
181.0 146.6
180.0 145.7
178.9 144.8
177.8 145.8

176.7 143.0
175.5 142.1
174.5 141.2
173.3 140.3
172.3 139.4

171.1 138.6
170.0 137.6
168.9 136.7
167.8 135.8
166.7 134.9

166.5 134.0
164.4 133.1
163.2 132.]
162.2 131.3
161.0 130.4

159.9 129.4
168.7 128.6
167,7 127.6
156.6 126.7
166.4 125.8

154.2 124.8
163.1 123.9
151.9 123,0
160.8 122,0
149.6 121.1

148.6 120.2
147.3 119.3
146.2 118.3
145.0 117.4
143.9 116.6

142,7 115.6
141.6 114.6
140.4 113.7
139.3 112.7
138.1 111,8

136.9 110.6
136.7 109.9
134.6 108.9
133.4 100.0
132.2 107.0

131.0 106.1
129.9 105.1
128.7 104.2
127.5 103.2
126.3 102.3







Page 11
600


INITIAL ANGLE 60 PLUS FRICTION


Final

angle



Degrees .

50.1
.2
.53
.4
.5
-;
.6
.7
.8
.9
51.0

51.1
.2
.5
-4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
52.0

52.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
55.0

55.1
.2
1
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8

54.0


1


Position of Weight

2 5 4 5


Final

angle


wl- 135461wli- 1222ii-. 1055 li. 885wl-. 71a

I n ch pounds


190.5
188.6
186.8
185.0
183.2

181.5
179.6
177.7
175.9
174.1

172.5
170.4
168.5
166.8
164.9

165.0
161.5
159.4
157.5
155.8

155.9
152.0
150.1
148.2
146.5

144.6
142.7
140.8
138.9
137.0

155.2
153.3
151.4
129.5
127.6

125.7
123.8
122.0
120.1
118.2


54.1 116.5
.2 114.4
.5 112.4
.4 110.5
.5 108.6

.6 106.8
.7 104.9
.8 102.8
.9 101.0
5S.0 99.1


"- -, i'm 1t F


172.8
171.2
169.6
167.9
166.3

164.6
163.0
161.5
159.7
158.0

156.4
154.7
153.0
151.4
149.7

148.0
146.4
144.7
143.0
141.4

139.7
158.0
136.2
134.5
132.9

131.2
129.5
127.8
126.1
124.4

122.7
121.0
119.3
117.5
115.8

114.1
112.4
110.7
109.0
107.3

105.6
103.9
102.0
100.3
98.6

96.9
95.2
95.4
91.6
89.9


149.2
147.8
146.4
144.9
145.6

142.1
140.7
159.5
157.9
156.4

155.0
155.6
152.1
150.7
129.2

127.8
126.4
124.9
125.4
122.1

120.6
119.1
117.6
116.1
114.8

115.5
111.8
110.3
108.9
107.4

105.9
104.4
105.0
101.5
100.0

98.5
97.1
95.6
94.1
92.6

91.1
89.7
88.1
86.6
85.1

85.7
82.2
80.6
79.1
77.6


125.1
124.0
122.8
121.6
120.4

119.2
118.0
116.8
115.6
114.4

115.3
112.0
110.8
109.6
108.4

107.1
106.0
104.8
105.5
102.4

101.1
99.9
98.7
97.4
96.5

95.0
95.8
92.5
91.5
90.1

88.8
87.6
86.4
85.1
85.9

82.6
81.4
80.2
78.9
77.7

76.4
75.2
75.9
72.6
71.4

70.2
68.9
67.6
66.4
65.1


It


Degrees,


55.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
56.0


101.5
100.5
99.4
98.4
97.5

96.5
95.5
94.5
95.6
92.6

91.7
90.7
89.7
88.7
87.7

86.7
85.8
84.8
85.8
82.9

81.9
80.9
79.9
78.9
77.9

76.9
75.9
74.9
75.9
72.9

71.. 9
70.9
69.9
68.9
67.9

66.9
65.9
64.9
63.9
62.9

61.9
60.9
59.8
58.8
57.8

56.8
55.8
54.7
55.7
52.7


.6
.7
.8
.9
58.0

58.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
59.0

59.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
60.0


Page 12
60

INITIAL AOLE 600 PLUS FRICTION


Position of Weight

1 2 5 4 5


I- 15461wl- 1222 i.- 10551wl-1 8851wl- 716


97.1
95.2
95.5
91.3
89.4

87.5
85.5
85.6
81.6
79.7

77.7
75.8
75.8
71.9
69.9

68.0
66.0
64.1
62.1
60.0

58.2
56.1
54.1
52.2
50.2

48.2
46.5
44.5
42.3
40.3

58.2
36.3
84.5
32.3
50.3

28.3
26.3
24.2
22.2
20.2

18.2
16.2
14.1
12.1
10.1

8.1
6.1
4.0
2.0
0.0


I n o h pounds


r


88.1
86.4
84.7
82.8
81.1

79.4
77.6
75.9
74.0
72.8

70.5
68.8
67.0
65.3
65.4

61.7
59.9
58.2
56.5
54.5

52.8
51.0
49.1
47.4
45.6

45.7
42.0
40.2
58.4
56.5

54.7
533.0
51.2
29.3
27.5

25.7
25.8
2Z.0
20.2
18.5

16.5
14.7
12.8
11.0
9.2

7.5
5.5
5.7
1.8
0.0


76.1
74.6
73.1
71.5
70.0

68.6
67.0
65.5
683.9
62.5

60.9
59.4
57.8
56.3
54.8

55.5
51.7
50.2
48.6
47.1

45.6
44.0
42.4
40.9
59.3

57.8
56.5
54.7
53.1
51.5

50.0
28.5
26.9
25.3
23.7

22.2
20.6
19.0
17.4
15.6

14.2
12.7
11.1
9.6
7.9

6.5
4.7
5.2
1.6
0.0


I . ... .. .


65.8
62.6
61.5
60.0
58.7

57.5
56.2
54.9
55.6
52.4

51.1
49.8
48.5
47.2
45.9

44.7
45.4
42,1
40.8
59.5


63.8
62.6
61.3
60.0
58.7

57.5
56.2
54.9
53.6
52.4

51.1
49.8
48.5
47.2
45.9

44.7
43.4
42.1
40.8
89.5

58.2
86.9
35.6
84.5
83.0

31.7
30.4
29.1
27.8
26.5

25.1
23.9
22.6
21.2
19.9

18.6
17.3
15.9
14.6
15.5

11.9
10.6
9.5
8.0
6.6

5.8
4.0
2.7
1.5
0.0


51.6
50.6
49.6
48.6
47.6

46.6
45.5
44.5
43.4
42.4

41.5
40.3
59.2
38.2
57.2

56.2
55.1
84.1
58.0
51.9

50.9
29.9
28.8
27.8
26.7

25.6
24.6
23.6
22.5
21.4

20.3
19.5
18.3
17.2
16.1

15.0
14.0
12.9
11.8
10.7

9.7
8.6
7.5
6.4
5.4

4.5
5.2
2.1
1.1
0.0






Pa45 1
45


Pa"e 14
45


INITIAL AX)LE 460 PLUS FRICTION


INITIAL ANGLE 460 PLUS FRICTI N


Position of Weight

2 3 4 5


Final

angle


!, 1361f-I m l-a-" 1066-wl- 885w1- 716


I n o h -


Degrees

5.1
.2
.3
.4



.7
.8
.9
6.0


Degrees

.1
.2
.3
.4
.5
.6
.7
.8
.9
1.0

1.1
.2
.3
.4
.6

.6
.7
.8
.9
2.0

2.1
.2
.3
.4
.6

.6
.7
.8
.9
3.0

3.1
.2
.3
.4
.8

.6
.7
.8
.9
4.0

4.1
.2
.3
.4
.6

.6
.7
.8
.9
6.0


Poseltion of Weight


3 A 6


388,
388,
388,
388,
388.

387,
387,
387,
387.
386.

386.
386.
386.
385.
385.


I n

.9

.8
.4
,1

.8
.7
94
,2
,9

.6

,2
,9
7


394.3
394.5
394.3
394.3
394.3

394.?
394.2
394.2
394.2
394.0

394.0
394.0
393.9
393.9
393.9

393.8
393.8
393.6
393.6
393.5

393.4
393.4
393.2
393.1
392.9

392.9
392.8
392.7
392.5
392.4

392.3
392.1
392.0
391.9
391.7

391.6
391.5
391.3
391.2
391.1

390.8
390.7
390.6
390.4
390.1

390.0
389.7
589.6
389.3
389.2


8- p


357.9
357.9
367.9
357.9
367.9

367.8
357.8
357.8
367.8
367.7

367.7
357.7
357,6
357.5
357.&

357.4
357.4
357.3
357.3
3567.2

366.9
356.9
366.9
356.0
366.7

356.7
356.6
356.4
366.3
366.2

366.1
355.9
355.8
355.7
3855.6

3556.5
355.3
355.2
35566.1
355.0

364.7
354.6
354.5
354.4
354.1

354.0
363.7
363.6
353.4
3653.3


o u a d a

304.8
304.7
304.5
304.5
304.1 !


pounds

309.0 259.2
309.0 269.2
509.0 259.2
309.0 269.2
309.0 269.2

308.9 259.1
308.9 259.1
308.9 159.1
306.9 259.1
308.8 259.0

308.8 259.0
308.8 269.0
308.7 258.9
308.7 258.9
306.7 258.9

308.6 28.8
308.6 268.8
308.5 258.7
308.5 258.7
308.4 268.6

308.3 258.8
308.3 268.6
308.1 268.4
308.0 258.4
307.9 268.5

307.9 258.3
307.8 258.2
307.7 268.1
307.6 268.0
307*. 2567.9

307.4 267.8
3107.3 267.7
307.2 257.68
307.1 257.6
307.0 257.5

306.9 257.4
306.8 267.3
306.7 257.2
306.6 257.1
306.6 257.0

306.2 266.9
306.1 256.8
306.0 256.7
306.9 256.6
305.7 268.4

305.6 256.3
305.4 256.1
305.3 256.1
306.1 255.9
306.0 255.8


255.6
256.5
2655.3
255.3
255.1


209.8
209.8
209.8
209.8
209.8

209.7
209.7
209.7
209.7
209.6

209.6
209.6
209.6
209.6
209.6

209.5
209.5
209.4
209.4
209.4
209.3
209.3
209.2
209.1
209.1

209.1
209.0
208.9
208.8
208.8

208.7
208.6
208.6
206*6.

206.4
308.3
208.3
206.2
206.1
208.1

207.9
207.8
207.8
207.7
207.6

207.5
207.3
207.3
207.1
207.1


353.0
352.9
3562.6
352.5
352.3

352.0
351.9
351.7
361.4
351.2

350.9
350.8
360.6
360.3
350.1

349.8
349.6
349.3
349.1
348.7

348.5
348.'
346.0
347.8
347.4

347.1
346.9
346.5
346.3
346.0

345.7
346.4
3465.1
344.8
344.5

344.2
343.8
343.5
343.2
342.9

342.6
342.1
341.9
341.5
341.2

340.8
34".4
340.1
339.7
339.3


3865.4
385.1
384.9
384.6
384.2

383.9
383.7
383.4
383.1
382.7

382.4
382.2
381.8
381.6
381.2

380.8
380.6
380.2
379.9
379.5

379.2
378.8
378.4
378.1
377.7

377.3
376.9
376.7
376.3
375.9

376.4
375.0
374.6
374.2
373.8


Final

angle 1


I
J


254.9
254.S
254.8
254.5
264.3

264.1
264.0
263.3
253.7
263.5

253,3
263.1
253.0
252.8
252.6

252.3
252.2
262.0
261.8
251.5

261.4
261.2
250.9
250.7
250.6

260.3
260.1
249.9
249.7
249.4

249.2
249.0
248.7
248.5
248.3

248.0
247.7
247.6
247.3
247.0

246.8
246.5
246.2
246.0
246.7


2106.9
206.9
206.7
206.5
206.6

206.3
206.3
206.1
?06.0
205.8

205.7
2056.6
206.5
206.5
206 .2

2056.1
204.9
204.8
204.6
204.4

204.3
204.1
204.0
203.8
203.6

203.6
203.3
203.1
203.0
202.8

202.6
202.6
202.3
202.1
201.9

201.8
201.6
201.5
201.2
201.0

200.8
200.6
200.4
200.02
200.0

199.8
199.6
199.3
199.2
199.0


z k 35717 F


i & ....... .... .. I .. ... I . ..... .


303.9
303.3
303.6
303.4
303.2

303.0
302.9
302.7
302.5
302.2

302.0
301.3
301.6
301.4
301.1

300.2
300.7
300.4
300.2
299.9

299.7
299.5
299.'
299.0
298.8

298.4
298.2
297.9
297.7
297.4

297.2
296.9
296.5
296.3
296.0

295.7
296.4
295.2
294.9
294.6

294.2
293.9
293.8
293.3
293.0







15


INITIAL ANGLE 45 PLUS FRICTION


Position of Weight

2 3 4 5


Final

angle


|wl. 1346 wl.- 1222Iwl- 1055wl- 88651Wl- 716


Page 16
490


INITIAL ANGLE 450 PLUS FRICTION

Position of Weight


1


2 8


i- 1346!wl- 122wlvi. lO5 66l 885wl n16


Degrees


I no h- pounds


Degreeoa

10.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
12.0

11,1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
12.0

12.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
13.0


373.4
373.0
372.6
372.?
371.8

371.3
370.9
370.6
370.1
369.6

369.1
368.7
368.2
367,8
387.?

366.8
366.3
365.9
365.4
364.8

364.4
363.9
363.3
362.9
362.4

361.9
361.3
380.8
360.4
359.8

369.3
358.8
368.2
367.7
357.1

366.6
356.9
365.4
354.9
364.3

3563.8
353.1
352.6
352.0
351.4

350.8
350.3
349.6
349.1
348.4


292.6
292.3
292.0
291.7
291.4

291.0
290.6
290.3
290.0
289.6

289.3
288.9
288.5
288.?
287.e

287.6
287.0
286.7
286.3
285.9


339.0
338.6
338.2
337,9
337.6

337.0
336.6
336.3
3356.9
1336.4

335.]
334.7
334.2
333.8
333.3

333.0
332.5
332.1
331.6
331.1

330.8
330.3
329.8
329.4
328.9

328.5
328.0
327.5
327.1
326.8

1 28.1
1 326.1
325.6
325.2
324.7
324.2

323.7
323.1
322.6
322.1
321.8

3521.1
320.5
320.0
319.6
318.9

S318.4
317.9
317.3
316.8
316.2


?45.4
245.2
?44.9
244.6
244.4


243.8

243.2 .
24?.9

242.6
242.3
'42.0
241.7
241.4

941.1
;'0.8
240.5
240.1
239.8

2S9.6
239,5
239.?
238.8
238.5
238.2

237.8
237.5
237.1
2386.9
236.5

238.1
235.8
23M.4
235.1
234.7

234.4
233.9
233.6
'233.2
232.9

?32.5
232.1
231.7
231.4
230.9

230.6
230.2
229.8
229.4
229.0


198.7
198.5
198.2
198.0
197.8

197.5
197.3
197.1
196.9
196.6



195.9
1956.7
195.4

195.?
194.9
194.7
194.4
194.1

193.9
193.6
193.3
i93.1
192.8

192.5
192.2
191.9
191.7
191.4

191.2
190.9
190.8
190.3
190.0

189.7
189.4
189.1
188.8
188.5

188.2
187.9
187.6
187.3
186.9

186.6
186.4
186.0
185.7
185.4


.8
.7
.8
.9
20.0


Inoh-pound a


15.]
.1
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
16.0

16.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
17.0

17.1
.2
.3



.6
.7
.8
.9
18.0

18.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.8
.7
.8
.9
19.0

19.1
.2
.3
.4
.5


Final '

angle :


4 6


285.6
285.1
284.7
284.4
284.0

283.6
283.1
282.7
2628.4
282,0

281.*
281.1
280.7
280.3
279.9

279.5
278.9
278.5
278.1
S277.7

277.2
276.7
276.5
275.9
275.3

274.9
I 274.5
274.0
273.5
273.0


I
S347.4
347.?
346.6
1 346.0
345.3

344.8
344.1
343.4
342.7
342.2,

341,5
540. 2
339.6
38.8

'338 4

I5 75.5 I
;* 356.8
. 336.1



I 34.1
333.4

532.0I
531,3
330,.3
329.8
329.1
328.5

327.7
327.0
326.2
328.5
324.7

324.0
323.2
322.4
321.7
320.9

320.1
319.4
318.6
317.8
317.0


315.5
I 18.6
314.7
313.9
313,1


315.7
316.1
3148.6
314.0
313.4

312.9
312.3
311.7
311.1
310.6

310.0
509.4
308.8
308.2
507.6

306.9
506.3
306.7
305.1
3045.6

503.9
303.3
302.7
301.9
301.3

-00.7
)0.1
299.4
28.8
298.1

287,4
296.8
2896.1
29C.5
294.7


295.4
292.7
292.0
291.5

290.6
290.0
289.2
288.5
287.8

287.2
286.4
285.7
285.0
284.2


13.1
.2
.3
.4
.6

.6
.7
.8
.9
14.0

14.1

.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
16.0


ii
2j1 L


iI


272.6
272.1
271.
zn.i
270.6

270.2
269.8
269.1
268.6
268.2

267.6
267.1
268.6
266.1
265.5

265.0
264.6
263.9
263.4
262.9

262.4
261.8
261.3
260.7
260.1

289.8
259.1
3U.8
2657.9
267.4

266.8
256.2
266.6
255.1
254.5

265.9
253.3
252.7
252.1
251.5

2650.9
260.5
249.7
249.1
248.4

247.9
247.3
246.6
246.0
245.4


2 3 4 5


228.6
228.2
227.8
227.4
226.9

226.6
226.2
226.7
225.3
224.9

224.5
224.0
225.6
225.1
222.?

222.5
221.6
221.4
220.9
220,6

220.0
219.6
219.2
218.6
218.2

217.7
217.5
216.8
216.3
216,9

216.4
214.9
214.4
213.9
215.4

215.0
212.4
211.9
211.6
210.9

210.4
210.0
209.4
206.9
208.4

207.8
207.4
206.9
206.5
206.8


186.1
184.7
184.4
184.1
183.7

183.4
183.1
182.7
182.5
182.1

181.7
181.5
181.0
180.6
180.3

179.9
179.6
179.2
178.6
178.5

178.1
177.8
177.4
177.0
176*.6

176.3
115,9
17505
176.8
175.1

174.,

174.3
174.0
175.6
173.*2
172.8

172.4
1721.0
171.6
171in.
170.7

170,5
170.0
169.5
1689.1
168.7

168.3
167.9
167.5
167.0
166.6







Page 17
450


INITIAL ANGLE 45 pLUS FRICTION


Position of Weight


Final


1 2 3 4 5
*,I. 146wl- 1222lwl. 1055wl- 85sTwl. 716

Inch -pounds


20.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
21.0

21.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
22.0

22.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
25.0

25.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
24.0

24.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
25.0


512.5
311.5
S510.7
I 09.9
309.1

3508.5
307.3
3506.5
506.7
504.9

504.1
503.2
502.4
501.5
500.6

299.8
298.8
298.0
297.1
296.3

295.4
294.5
295.6
292.7
291.8

290.9
290.0
289.2
288.2
287.5

286.5
285.4
284.4
283.6
282.7

281.8
280.8
279.9
278.9
277.8

276.9
276.0
275.0
274.1
275.1

272.1
271.1
270.2
269.1
268.2


285.5
282.8
282.0
281.3
280.6

279.6
279.0
278.2
277.5
276.8

k76.
275.2
274.4
275.7
272.9

272.1
271.5
270.5
269.7
268.9

268.1
267.4
266.5
265.6
264.9

264.1
263.2
262.5
261.6
2,0.8

; 2.9
25b.0
258.2
257.5
256.6

255.7
254.9
254.0
253.2
252.2

251.5
250.5
249.6
248.8
247.9

247.0
246.1
245.2
244.5
245.4


Page 18
45


INITIAL ANGLE 45 PLUS FRICTION


angle -- -- , .
,,_jj j ..,._,4.' _,- ,. 1- l-


244.7
244.1
243.5
242.8
242.2

241.6
240.8
240.2
239.6
238.9

238.5
237.6
256.9
236.3
255.6

234.9
254.2
2533.6
232.8
232.2

231.5
230.8
230.1
229.5S
228.7

228.0
227.2
226.6
225.9
225.1

224.4
223.6
222.9
222.5
221.5

220.8
220.1
219.5
218.6
217.7

217.0
216.5
215.5
214.8
214.0

213.2
212.5
211.7
210.9
210.1


Final I




Dogu-eaj


I205.5
204.7
204.2
203.7
205.1


;.02.0
201.5
200.9 i
200.4

199.9
!. 19.5
198.7
198.2
197.6

197.0
196.4
195.9
195.3
194.7
194.1
193.6
193.0
192.3
191.8

191.2
190.6

1 9.4
1i 9.0

180.2
187.6
187.0
186.4
185.8

185.2
184.6
183.9
183.3
182.6

182.0
181.4
180.8
180.1
179.5

178.8
178.2
177.6
176.9
176.2


Z 1 39719 F


I nch -po unds


166.2
168.7
165.5
164.9
164.4

164.0
163.5
163.1
162.7
162.2

161.8
161.3
160.9
180.4
159.9

159.5
159.0
158.6
158.1
157.6

157.1
156.7
156.2
155.7
155.3

154.8
154.3
153.8
153.3
152.8

152.3
151.8
151.5
150.9
150.4

149.9
149.4
148.9
148.4
147.8

147.5
146.8
146.5
145.8
145.5

144.7
144.2
145.7
143.2
142.7


Degrees

25.1 '
.2
.5 3
.4
.5 I

.6
.7
.8
.9
26.0

26.1
.2
.53
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
27.0

27.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
28.0

28.1
.2
.3
.4
.5


209.4 175.6
208.6 174.9
207.8 174.3
207.0 173.6
206.2 175.0


267.2
266.1
265.2
264.1
263.2


261.2
2 D.1
259.1
258.1

257.0
256.0
255.0
2553,9
252.8

251.9
250.8
249.7
248.6
247.6

246.5
245.4
244.5
243.5
242.2

241.1
240.0
258.9
257.9
236.7

235.6
234.5
233.4
232.2
231.1

250.1
228.8
227.8
226.7
225.5

224.4
225.2
222.1
220.9
219.8

218.6
217.4
216.5
215.1
215.9


242.6
241.6
240.7
259.7
2538.9

237.9
237.1
236.1
255.2
234.2

233.5
232.4
231.4
250.5
229.5

228.6
227.6
226.7
225.7
224.7

225.7
222.8
221.8
220.8
219.8

218.8
217.9
216.9
215.9
214.8

213.8
212.9
211.9
210.8
209.8

208.8
207.7
206.7
205.8
204.7

205.7
202.6
201.6
200.5
199.5

108.4
197.5
196.4
195.5
194.2


205.4
204.7
203.
203.1
202.2

201.4
200.6
S199.F
i 199.0
198.2

197.4
19,.5
195.7
194.8
194.0

195.2
192.3
191.5
190.6
189.8

188.9
188.1
187.5
186.4
185.5

184.6
183.8
182.9
182.0
181.1

180. l
179.5
178.5
177.7
176.7

175.9
174.9
174.1
17S.]
172.5

1I1.5
170.4
169.5
168.6
167.6


172.3
171.6
1?0.9
170.S
170 $
169.6

16.9

167.6
166.9
166.
I16S.5

I 164.&
I1F4.1
163.4
162.7

162.0
162.3
10.6 6
159.9
159.2

158.5
157.8
157.0
156.3
155.5

14,
154.8
154.)
153.4
152.6
151.9

151.2
150.4
149.7
149.0
148.2

S47.5
146.7
146.0
145.2
144.5

143.8
142.9
142.2
141.4
140.6


.6
.7
.8
.9
29.0

29.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
50.0


142.2
141.8
141.1
140.5
140.0

139.4
1538.9
138.4
137.9
157.5

136.7
136.2
155.7
135 .1
154.5

134.0
133.4
132.9
132.3
131,7

151.1
150. 6
130.0
129.4

128.8
12.15

127.1

125.9

2o3
124,8
124.2
123.5
12S.0
I22.4

121,8
121.2
120.6
11O.O



117.0
1163
118.7
118.2
117.5
117.0
11&.z
115,7
125,1
114.5
115.8


Position of A-?-..,,.







.- ., 19
45


INITIAL ANGLE 45 PLUS FRICTION


Final i


Position of A-tl-ht


angle I 2 3 4 5
|- T-- -----% I -.
'^ -1'4 '.- .. *-i __ -"1-' L*-'i


50.1 212.8
.2 211.6
5 210.4
.4 209.2
.5 208.0

.6 206.
.7 205.7
.8 204.5
.9 203.3
3S.0 202.1

31.1 200.8
.2 199.6
.3 198.4
.4 197.2
.5 i195.9



.8 192.2
.9 191.0
?2.0 189.7

32.1 1E8.5
k2 187.3
.3 186.0
.4 184.7
.5 183.5

.6 182.3
.7 180.9
.8 179.7
.9 178.4
33.0 177.2

15.1 175,8
.2 174.6
.5 173.3
.4 171.9
.5 170.7

.6 169.3
.7 168.1
.p 166.6
.9 165.4
54.0 164.1

'4.1 162.9
.2 161.5
.3 160.2
.4 158.8
.5 157.5

.6 156.2
.7 154.8
.8 153.5
.9 152.3
5.0 150.9


I n c h p o u nd s

193.2 166.8 159.9
192.1 165.8 139.1
191.0 164.9 238.3
189.9 163.9 '7.5
188.8 163.0 1,6.7

167.7 162.0 1.S.9
166.7 161.2 135.2
185.6 160.2 .4.4
184.5 159.3 135.6
183.4 158.3 I1Z2.8

182.5 157.4 132.0
181.2 156.4 131.2
180.1 155.5 130.4
179.0 154.5 129.6
177.8 153.5 128.7

176.7 152.5 127.9
175.6 151.6 1i7.1
174.5 150. f 126.5
173.4 149.7 125.6
172.2 148,6 124.7

171.] 147.7 123.9
170.0 14C.7 123.1
168.9 145.8 122.5
167.6 144.7' 121.4
166.5 143.8 120.6


165.4
164.2
i63.1
161.9
160.8

159.6
158.5
157.3
156.0
154.9

153.7
152.6
151.4
150.2
149.0

147.9
146.6
145.4
144.2
143.0

141.7
140.5
139.5
138.2
137.0


142.,
141.8
!.0 .8
139.8
158.8

137.8
136.8
15.8
134.7
133.8

132.7
131.8
130.7
129.7
I 128.6

127.6
126.6
125.5
124.5
123.4

122.4
121.5
120.3
119.3
118.3


119.8
118,9
i18.1
117.2
116.4

115.6
114.8
113.9
113.0
112.2

11i.3
10.5
109.6
108.7
107.9

107.1
106.2
i05.3
104.4
103.5

102.6
101.8
100.9
100.1
99.2


Page 20
45


INITIAL ANGLE 450 PLUS FRICTION


Final

angle



Degrees


113.2
112.6
111.9
111.3
110.7

110.0
109.4
108.8
108.1
107.5

106.9
106.2
105.6
104.9
104.2

103.6
102.9
102.3
101.6
100.9

100.5
99.6
99.0
98.3
97.6


55.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
36.0

36.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
37.0

57.1

.3
.4
.5


97.0
96.3
95.6
94.9
94.5

93.5
92.9
92.2
91.5
90.8

90.1
89.5
88.7
88.0
87.5

86.7
85.9
85.2
84.5
83.8

85.1
82.4
81.6
81.0
80.5


.6
.7
.8
.9
59.0

59.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
40.0


Position of Aee.ti


1


2 3 4 S


wl- 1846 wl- 1222 wl- 1055 l- 885 wi- 716

I n c h p o u n d s


149.4
148.1
146.7
145.4
144.0

142.7
141.5
140.0
138.5
137.2

135.8
134.6
133.0
131.7
10.35

128.8
17.5
126.0
124.7
125.2

121.8
120.3
1.9.0
117.5
116.2

114.7
115.2
111.9
110.4
108.9

107.4
106.1
104.6
103.1
101.6

100.2
98.7
97.2
95.7
94.2

92.8
91.5
89.8
88.5
86.8

85.5
85.9
82.4
80.9
79.3


155.6
134.4
15533.2
132.0
130.7

129.5
128.3
127 1
125.7
124.:

125.5
122.1
120.7
119.5
118.3

116.9
115.7
114 4
I113.1
111.8

110.6
1 9.2
1 08.0
106.7
IC5.5

104.1
102.8
1I01.5
100.2
98.9

97.5
96.3
94.9
93.6
92. 3

90.9
89.6
88.2
86.9
85.5

84.2
82.8
81.5
80.2
78.8

77.5
76.1
74.8
75.4
72.0


117.1
116.0
115.0
113.9
112.9

111.8
110.8
109.7
108.6
107.5

106.4
105.4
104.2
103.2
102.1

101.0
99.9
98.7
97.7
96.5

95.5
94.3
9M.5
92.1
91,

89.9
88.7
87.7
86.5
85.5

84.2
85.1
82.0
80.8
79.6

78.5
77.5
76.2
75.0
75.8

72.7
71.5
70.4
69.2
68.0

66.9
65.7
64.6
63.4
62.1


98.2
97.5
96.4
95.6
94.7

93.8
92.9
92.0
91.0
90.2

89.3
88.4
87.4
86.5
85.6

84.7
85.8
82.8
81.9
81.0

80.1
79.1
78.2
77.2
6.4

75.4
74.4
73.5
72.6
71.6

70.6
69.7
68.7
67.8
66.8

65.8
64.9
63.9
62.9
61.9

61.0
60.0
59.0
58.0
57.1

56.1
55.1
54.1
55.2
52.1


79.5
78.8
78.1
77.4
76.6

75.9
75.2
74.5
735. 7
75.0

72.3
71.6
70.8
70.0
69.5

68. 5
67,8
67.0
66.3
65.5

64.8
64.0
63. 2
62.5
61,8

61.0
60.2
59.5
58.7
57.9

57.2
56.4
55.1
54.9
54.1

53.5
52.5
51.7
50.9
50.1

49.5
48.6
47.8
47.0
46.2

45.4
44.6
45.8
45.0
42.2







-=re 21
460

INITIAL AN3LE 45 PLUS FICTION

runal 1 Position of Weight

*ngle 1 2 3 4 6

,'1- 1346 wl. 1222,wl- 1065 1I- 885 .1- 716




Degrees I n c h p o u n d

40,1 77.8 70.6 61.0 51.1 41.4
.2 76.53 69.3 59.8 60.2 40.6
.3 74.3 67.9 58.7 49.2 39.8
.4 73.2 86.6 57.4 48.1 39.0
.6 71.8 65.1 56.2 47.2 38.2

.6 70.3 63.8 55.1 i6.2 37.4
.7 68.7 62.3 563.8 45.1 38.6
.8 67.2 61.0 62.6 44.2 356.7
.9 665.7 59.6 51.5 43.2 35.0
41.0 64.1 58.2 50.2 42.1 34.1

41.1 62.6 566.8 49.1 41.1 33.3
.2 61.0 6655.4 47.8 40.1 32.4
.3 69.6 54.0 48.6 39.1 31.7
.4 57.9 62.6 45.4 38.0 50.8
.5 56.4 51.2 44.2 37.1 30.0

.6 54.8 49.7 42.9 36.0 29.2
.7 63.2 48.5 41.7 54.9 28.3
.8 51.7 46.9 40.5 34.0 27.5
.9 0.1 45.5 39.2 32.9 26.8
42.0 48.6 44.0 38.0 31.9 25.9

42.1 47,0 42.6 36.8 30.9 26.0
.2 45.4 41.2 35.6 29.8 24.1
.3 43.8 39.7 34.3 28.8 23.3
.4 42.3 38.4 33.1 27.8 22.5
.5 40.7 36.9 31.9 26.7 21.6

.6 39.0 35.4 30.6 25.7 20.8
.7 37.4 34.0 29.3 24.6 19.9
.8 36.8 32.5 28.1 23.6 19.1
.9 34.2 31.C 26.6 22.5 18.2
43.0 32.7 29.7 25.6 21.5 17.4

43.1 31.1 28.2 24.4 20.4 16.5
.2 29.6 26.8 23.1 19.4 15.7
.3 27.9 25.3 21.8 18.3 14.8
.4 26.3 23.8 20.6 17.3 14.0
.5 24.6 22.4 19.3 16.2 13.1

.6 23,0 20.9 18.0 16 .1 12.2
.7 21.4 19.4 16.8 14.1 11.4
8 19.8 18.0 15.5 13.0 10.5
.9 18.2 16.5 14.*2 11.9 9.7
44.0 16.4 14.9 12.9 10.8 8.7T

44.1 14.8 13.4 11.f 9.7 7.9
.2 13.2 12.0 10.3 8.7 7.0
.3 11l. 10.5 9.1 7.6 6.1
.4 10.0 9.0 7.8 6.5 5.3
.5 8.3 7.6 6.5 5.5 4.4

.6 6.6 0 52 4.3 3.6
.7 5.0 4.56 3.9 38 2.6
.8 3.4 3.1 2.6 2.2 1.8
.9 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.1 .9
456.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
I t


^ 1'- A7ci F







Page 22
50s


P&o 25
0e


INITIAL ANGLK S0 PLUS FRICTION


Position of Weight

1 2 5 44 5

wl- 15461w1. 1222 1wl-. 1055,.wl- 88561wl-

I n o h p o un d


180.4
180.4
180.4
180.4
180.4

180.5
180.5
180.5
180.5
180.1

180.1
180.1
180.0
180.0
180.0

179.8
179.8
179.7
179.7
179.6

179.4
179.4
179.5
179.2
179.0

179.0
178.9
178.8
178.6
178.5

178.4
178.2
178.1
178.0
177.8

177.7
177.6
177.4
177.5
177.2

176.9
176.8
176.6
176.5
176.2

176.1
175.8
175.7
175.4
175.3


165.7
165.7
163.7
163.7
163.7

165.6
1685.6
165.6
163.6
165.5

163.5
163.5
163.4
163.4
165.4

163.2
163.2
163.1
165.1
163.0

162.9
162.9
162.8
162.6
162.5

162.5
162.4
162.5
162.1
162.0

161.9
161.8
161.7
161.5
161.4

161.3
161.2
161.0
160.9
160.8

160.6
160.4
160.5
160.2
159.9

159.8
159.6
159.6
159.2
159.1


141.4
141.4
141.4
141.4
141.4

141.8
141.5
141.3
141.5
141.2

141.2
141.2
141.0
141.0
141.0

140.9
140.9
140.8
140.8
140.7

140.6
140.6
140.5
140.4
140.3

140.3
140.2
140.1
140.0
139.9

139.8
139.7
139.6
159.5
139.4

139.3
159.1
139.0
158.9
188.8

138.6
138.5
158.4
138.5
138.1

158.0
137.8
157.7
157.6
137.4


118.6
118.6
118.6
118.6
118.6

118.5
118.5
118.5
118.5
118.4

118.4
118.4
118.5
118.5
118.5

118.2
118.2
118.1
118.1
118.0

117.9
117.9
117.9
117.8
117.7

117.7
117.6
117.5
117.4
117.5

117.2
117.1
117.1
117.0
116.9

116.8
116.7
116.6
116.5
116.4

116.5
116.2
116.1
116.0
115.8

115.7
115.6
115.5
113.s
115.2


INITIAL ANOLE 300 PLUS FRICTION


Final

angle


Degrees


4


96.0
96.0
96.0
96.0
96.0

96.9
95.9
95.9
95.9
95.8

95.8
95.8
95.8
95.8
95.8

95.7
95.7
95.6
95.6
95.5

95.5
95.5
95.4
95.5
95.5

95.5
95.2
95.1
95.0
95.0

94.9
94.8
94.8
94.7
94.6

94.5
94.5
94.4
94.5
94.5

94.1
94.0
94.0
95.9
95.8

95.7
93.5
95.5
95.5
93.5


8.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
9.0

9.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
10.0


Position of Weight


1 2 3 4 5

wl- 1346 vi- 1222 il- 1055 -po 8- 16

I n o h p o u n d a


5.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
6.0

6.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
7.0

7.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
8.0


175.0
174.9
174.6
174.5
174.2

175.9
175.8
175.5
175.3
175.0

172.7
172.6
172.5
172.0
171.8

171.5
171.2
171.0
170.7
170.5

17 0.0
169.8
169.5
169.2
168.8

168.5
168.5
167.9
167.6
167.5

166.9
166.7
166.5
166.0
165.6

165.5
164.9
164.5
164.2
165.8

165.4
165.0
162.8
162.5
161.9

161.5
161.1
160.7
160.5
159.9


158.8
158.7
158.5
158.4
158.1

157.9
157.8
157.5
157.5
157.0

156.8
156.7
156.4
156.2
155.9

155.7
155.4
155.2
154.9
154.6

154.5
154.1
155.8
153.6
155.2

153.0
152.7
152.4
152.1
161.9

151.5
151.5
150.9
150.7
150.5

149.9
149.7
149.5
149.1
148.7

148.5
148.0
147.7
147.4
147.0

146.6
146.5
145.9
145.5
145.2


157.1
157.0
156.8
156.7
156.5

156.5
156.2
156.0
135.8
135.6

135.5
155.2
155.0
154.8
154.6

154.4
154.2
154.0
15533.8
155.4

1353.2
155.0
132.8
152.6
132.3

132.1
131.9
131.6
151.5
151.1

150.8
150.6
150.5
150.1
129.8

129.5
129.2
128.9
128.7
128.4

128.1
127.8
127.5
127.2
126.9

126.6
126.5
126.0
125.6
125.5


Final

angle


Degrees


115.0
114.9
114.8
114.7
114.5

114.3
114.2
114.0
115.9
115.7

115.5
1135.4
115.5
115.1
112.9

112.7
112.5
112.4
112.2
111.9

111.7
111.6
111.4
111.2
111.0

110.9
110.6
110.3
110.2
110.0

109.7
109.5
109.5
109.1
108.8

108.7
108.4
108.1
107.9
107.7

107.4
107.1
107.0
106.7
106.4

106.2
105.9
105.6
105.4
105.1


95.1
93.0
92.9
92.8
92.7

92.5
92.5
92.5
92.2
92.0

91.9
91.8
91.7
91.5
91.4

91.2
91.1
91.0
90.8
90.6

90.5
90.3
90.2
90.0
89.8

89.7
89.5
89.5
89.2
89.0

88.8
88.7
88.5
88.5
88.1


88.0
87.7
87.5
87.4
87.2

86.9
P6.7
86.6
86.4
86.2

85.9
85.7
85.5
85.5
85.1







Page 24
30o

INITIAL ANGLE 50 PLUS FICTION

Position of `ai gh

1 2 3 4 5
w.1o 134l6[,,. i222,-i- -ossF- 885-f W- 716


I n c h p o u n d s


10.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
11.0

11.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
12,O

12.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
13.0

13.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
14.0

14.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
15.0


159.5
159.1
158.7
158.3
157.9

157.4
157.0
156.6
156.2
155.6

155.2
154.8
154.3
153.9
153.3

152.9
152.4
152.0
151.4
150.9

159.5
150.0
149.4
149.0
148.5

147.9
147.4
146.9
146.5
145.9

145.4
144.8
144.3
143.8
143.2

142.7
142.0
141.5
140.9
140.4

139.9
139.2
158.7
158.1
157.4

136.9
136.4
155.7
135.2
134.5


144.8
144.4
144.1
143.7
143.3

142.8
142.5
142.1
141.7
141.3

140.9
140.5
140,0
139.7
139.2

138.8
138.3
138.0
137.5
137.0

136.6
136.1
135 6
135.3
134.8

154.3

133.3
132.9
132.5

132.0
131.5
131.0
130.5
130.0

129.5
128.9
128.4
127.9
127.4

127.0
126.5
125.9
125.4
124.8

124.3
125.8
123.2
122.7
122.1


125.0
124.7
124.4
124.1
123.7

123.3
123.0
122.7
122.4
122.0

121.6
121.3
120.9
120.6
120 ..

119.8
119.4
119.1
118.7
118.3

117.9
117.5
117.1
116.8
116.4

115.9
115.5
115.1
114.8
114.4

113.9
113.5
113.1
112.7
112.2

111.8
111.3
110.9
110.5
110.0

109.6
109.1
108.7
108.2
107.7

107.3
106.9
106.5
105.9
105.4


i a/e <5
SCo

INITIAL ANGLE 50 PIUS FICTION


Final Position of .i,1.t

angle 1 __ 2 2-4 5'


i Inch pounds
153.9 121.6 105.0
133.3 121.0 104.4
I132.7 120.5 104.0
152.1 119.9 105.5
I 131.4 119.53 103.0

13).8 118.8 102.5
130.2 118.2 102.0
129.5 117.5 101.5
128.8 116.9 101.0
128.3 116.4 100.5

127.6 115.8 1(00.0
126.9 115.2 99.5
126.3 114.6 99.0
125.6 114.0 98.4
124.9 113.4 97.9

124.5 112.8 97.4
123.6 112.2 96.8
122.9 111.6 96.5
122.2 111.0 95.8
121.6 110.5 95.3


104.8
104.6
104.3
S104.1
103.8

103.4
103.2
5 2 .9
* ir.6
102.3

102.0
101.8
101.4
101.1
S10.8

100.5
100.2
99.9
99.5
99.2

98.9
98.6
9 .2
97.9
97.6

97.2
96.9
96.5
96.3
95.9

95.6
95.2
94.8
94.5
94.1

93.8
S93.5
93.0
92.6
92.3

91.9
91.5
91.1
0.8
90.3

90.0
89.6
89.2
88.8
88.4


84.9
84.7
84.4
84.2
84.0

83.7
85.5
83.3
83.1
82.8

82.6
82.4
82.1
81.9
81.6

81.4
81.1
S80.9
80.6
80.3

80.1
* 79.8
79.5
79.5
79.0

78.7
78.4
78.1
77.9
77.6

77.4
77.1
76.8
76.5
76.2

75.9
75.6
75.3
75.0
74.7

74.4
74.1
73.8
75.5
73.1

72.8
72.6
72.2
71.9
71.6


Degrees
15.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
16.0

16.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
17.0

17.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
18.0

18.1
.2
.5
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
19.0

19.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
20.0


88.0
87.6
87.2
86.8
86.4

86.0
85.6
85.1
84.7
84.3

83.9
83.4
83.0
82.6
82.1

81.7
81.2
80.8
80.3
79.9

79.5
79.0
78.6
78.0
77.6

77.2
76.7
76.2
75.7
75.5

74.8
74.3
75.8
73.3
72.8

72.4
71.8
71.5
70.9
70.3

69.8
69.4
68.8
68.5
67.8

67.3
66.8
66.5
65.7
65.2


Final

angle


Degrees


120.9
120.2
119.5
118.7
118.1

117.4
116.7
115.9
115.2
114.6

113.8
113,1
112.5
111.6
110.8

110.1
109.3
108,5
107,
107.0

106.4
105.5
104.7
103.9
103.1

102 .4
101.6
100.8
100.0
99.2


z 1 39723 F


109.7
109.1
108.5
107.8
107.2

106.6
105.9
105.2
104.6
104.0

103.3
102.6
101.9
|101.5
100.6
i oo. 6

99.2
98.5
97.9
97.1

96.4
95.8
95.1
94.3
9.6

93.0
92.3
91.5
90.8
90.1


94.7
94.2
93.7
93.0
92.5

92.0
91.5
90.8
90.3
89.8

89.1
88.6
8B.0
87.5
86.8

86.3
85.7
85.0
84.5
83.9

83.2
82.7
82.1
81.4
80.8

80.5
79.6
79.0
78.4
77.7


71.5
70.9
70.6
70.3
69.9

69.6
69.3
68.9
68.5
68.5

67.9
67.5
67.2
66.8
66.5

66.1
65.7
65.4
65.0
64.7

64.5
64.0
63.6
63.2
& .8

6.5
62.1
61.7
61.3
61.0

R9.5
60.2
59.7
59.4
58.9

58.6
58.2
57.7
57.4
56.9

56.5
56.2
55.7
55.5
54.9

54.5
54.1
53.6
55.2
52.8







Page 26
30


INITIAL ANGLE 30 PLUS FRICTION


Position of Weight

1 2 3 4 5


Page 27
50


INITIAL ANGLE 30 PLUS FRICTION


Final

angle


wl 15461wl- 1222*~ I : "16


Position of Weight

2 3 4 5


ljwl- 1346 w1. 1222 kl. 1055 wl. 8851wi- 716


I n c h r o u n d s

e9.3 77.] 64,
88.6 76.5 64,

87.1 75.2 C3
86.4 74.6 E,

85.7 74.0 6,
84.8 73.2 61
84.1 72.6 60
83.3 71.9 60
82.6 71.3 59

81.9 70.7 59
81.0 69.9 s58
80.3 69.3 58
79.5 68.7 57
78.7 67.9 57

78.0 67.7 56
77.1 66.0 55
76.4 65. 55
75.5 65.2 54
74.8 64.6 54


20.1 1
.2
.3
.4


.6
.7
.8
.9 1
21.0

21ol
.2

.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
22.0


98.4
97.6
96.8
96.0
95.2

94.4
93.4
92.6
91.
91.0

90).2
89.3
88.4
87.E
86.7

85.9
84.9
84.1
83.2
82.4

81.4
80.6
79.7
78.8
77.9

77.0
76.0
75.3
74.3
73.4

72.4
71.5
70.5
69.7
68.8

67.8
66.9
66.0
65.0
63.9

63.0
62.1
61.1
60.2
59.2

58.2
57.2
56.3
55.2
54.3


53
53
52
51
51

5C,
50
49,
48
48

47.
47
46,
45
45


.7
.1
.6
.1
.6

.0
.4
.9
.3
.8

.3
.7
.1



.4
.8
.3
.7
.1

.5





.6
.0
.4
.8
.2
.6
.0



.5
.8
.2
.6
.0
.4
.8
.2


52.4
51.9
51.5
51.1
50.6

50.2
49.7
49.5
48.8
48.4

48.0
47.5
47.1
46.6
46.1

45.7
45.2
44.8
44.3
43.8

43.3
42.9
42.4
41.9
41.5

41.0
40.5
40.0
39.5
39.1

38.5
38.0
37.5
37.1
36.6


44.6 36.1
44.0 35.6
43.4 35.1
42.7 34.6
42.0 34.0

41.4 33.5
40.8 33.0
40.2 32.5
39.5 32.0
3.9 31.5

38.2 30.9
37.6 30.4
37.0 29.9
36.3 29.4
35.7 28.9


"Pwriee'| I n c h


. I '. '.. *".

.2 -1.3i.

4".
4 ,;. I ". i
.5 ', 4-.; 44.7

.F f 4'.Z. i-."
." 4".? 4. :;;.
4,.: 4 .
45.; 41.1
Z6.0 i; 4 44.Z c.1
j

26.1 43.1 39.1
.2 42.1 38.2
.3 41.1 37.3
.4 40.0 36.3
.5 3 8.9 35.3

.6 38.0 34.5
.7 36.9 33.5
.8 35.8 32.5
.9 34.7 31.5
27.0 33.7 50.5

27.1 32.6 29.6
.2 31.5 28.6
.3 30.4 27.6
.4 29.3 26.6
.5 28.3 25.7

.6 27.2 1 4.7
.7 26.1 23.7
.8 25.0 22.7
.9 24.0 21.F
28.0 22.8 20.7

28.1 21.7 19.7
.2 20.6 18.7
.3 19.5 17.7
.4 18.3 16.6
.5 17.2 15.6

.6 16.2 14.7
.7 14.9 13.6
.8 13.9 12.6
.9 12.8 11.6
29.0 11.6 10.5

29.1 10.5 9.5
.2 9.3 8.4
.3 8.2 7.5
.4 7.0 6.4
.5 5.9 5.4

.6 4.7 4.3
.7 3.5 3.2
.8 2.4 2.2
.9 1.2 1.1
50.0 0.0 0.0


- p o u n d a

41.& 35.0 28.4
44.9 34.5 27.8
c. !:I.7 ,-?.3
;9.3 i3.0 26.7
.(6 K3S.4 6.Z

F'. a.7 m 25.6
77.0 ,l~l Z5.1I
*6.. 50.3 24.6
.54 29.7 24.1
3,4.6 29.0 23.5

33.8 28.5 22.9
33.0 27.7 22.4
32.2 27.0 21.8
31.53 26.5 21.5
30.5 25.6 20.7

29.7 25.0 20.2
28.9 24.2 19.6
28.1 23.5 19.1
27.2 22.8 18.5
26.4 22.1 17.9

25.5 21.4 17.5
24.7 20.7 16.8
23.86 20.0 16.2
23.0 19.5 15.6
1 22.2 18.6 15.0

1 21.3 17.9 14.5
20.5 17.2 15.9
19.6 16.5 15.5
18.8 15.7 12.7
17.8 15.0 12.1

17.0 14.2 11.5
16.1 15.5 11.0
15.3 12.8 10.4
14.3 12.0 9.7
13.5 11.5 9.2


12.7
11.7
10.9
10.0
9.1

8.2
7.3
6.4
5.5
4.6

3.7
2.7
1.9
.9
0.0


10.6
9.8
9.1
8.4
7.6

6.9
6.1
S5.4
4.6
5.9

5.1
2.5
1.6
.8
0.0


Final

angle


63.8
63.2
62.5
61.7
61.1

60.3
59.6
59.0
58.2
57.5

56.8
56.0
55.3
54.6
53.9

53.2
52.4
51.7
51.0
50.1

49.4
48.6
47.9
47.2
46.4

45.6
44.8
44.1
43.3
42.5


22.1
.2
.3
,
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
23.0

23.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
24.0

24.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9
25.0


73.9
73.2
72.3
71.5
70.7

69.9
69.0
68.3
67.5
66.6

65.7
64.9
64.0
63.3
62.4

61.6
60.7
59.9
59.0
58.0

57.2
56.3
55.5
54.6
5%.8

52.H
51.9
51.1
50.1
49.2

























DIAGRAMMATIC


SKETCH


OF FPL. TOUGHNE55


TESTING


MACHINE




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

3 1262 08866 6358
4