Subject-matter index for dry-kiln operators

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Title:
Subject-matter index for dry-kiln operators
Physical Description:
Book
Creator:
Rietz, Raymond C
Forest Products Laboratory (U.S.)
University of Wisconsin
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory ( Madison, Wis )
Publication Date:

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Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 29190508
oclc - 244443309
System ID:
AA00020495:00001

Full Text




SUJEICT-MATITR INUIX IPU
1DRY-FIEN PMATUOIS
April 1114





















No. 1917






UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
FOREST SERVICE
FOREST PRODUCTS LABORATORY
Madison 5,Wisconsin
In Cooperation with the University of Wisconsin






























.1











.TJ i:' r -:ATh ' J^ :' : ", _____-____________





i Y,:.. C .- .q. Chi'-:'
Division -:" Timber .,,sic8

.,Forest rrut8 'r ",,- orest Service
U. S. Da.':t i' A.ri-:!1ture


Fil.in .:'f nnforrm.ition for future ,:-r--ce rc :uires some sort of n ":.x.
Subject-:.-.:tt.r iesi-nations for !i:*.rarv 1.:*. :.- :,are not detailed ei
to cover `.he ran,-rre cf subjects involved in the seasorng WO o.
Therefore, an .r,3ex has been develop to :it the needs of this aboratory,
It has worked reascnebllj well over a period of years and may, prove use:'"Ji
to dry.-kiln operators foresters, and others collecting reference :nfor-
mation on ;hc seasnir.ng of wc ". The princi;-..l features :f this .rnex
that are :f interest to dry-kilnr operators are included in the fc.lcx.',- -
numerical index. Cnly the first three r.'2'c -s are indexed. Dry-kiln
operators and others i:ter.-s-'-j in 'sin: the inoc.x can exr::rid it for
fourth and fifth numbers as nee'e>"


NAgriculture -i '4: ison


1
l.Martc i:-c at v.:son, Wis, in c0. -:-'ation with te nive--:it:- -
Wise or sin


e'e" r No. i- 7







0. General

0-1 Miscellaneous
0-2 Orders and Instructions
0-3 Directories
0-4 Patents
0-5 Education


1. Mechanical Properties

1-0 General
1-1 Strength Values, kinds of tests, species
1-2 After Drying, temperature effects
1-3 During Drying, moisture effects
1-4 Influenced by and Affecting, steam bending, chemicals, kiln
drying, etc.


2. Physical Properties

2-0 General
2-1 Structure
2-1-0 Ger.eral
2-1-1 Fiber, normal, abnormal
2-1-2 Effect of fiber arrangement upon drying rate, shrinkage
surface checks, warp, workability, etco
2-2 Durability, wearing properties, weathering
2-3 Thermal Constants
2-3-1 Conductivity
2-3-2 Thermal expansion
2-3-5 Inflammability
2-3-4 Specific heat
2-4 Specific Gravity, Weight, and Density
2-4-1 Weight, bouyancy
2-4-2 Specific gravity statistics, density of vood, formulas,
etc.
2-4-3 Influenced by decay, drying methods, growth, shrinkage;
etc.
2-5 HTygroscopicity, Absorption, Equilibrium Moisture Content
2-5-1 Theo.'y, heat of absorption, hysteresis, etc.
2-5-2 Fiber saturation point, definition, methods of
measurement
2-5-3 Equilibrium moisture content, definition, methods of
measurement, affected by treatment, instrument for
controlling, etc.
2-5-4 Absorption of moisture, during rail shipments, sapwood
and heartwood, etc.


reportt No. 1975


-2-








2-t M !stur,' M;';.':i ., Bate Constants, Mostre ," i" ien
2-,,-,J ',_.l--iL r%'l
2-r-i1 bibli.-.!'i" .,
2- y ture mr ve ent
2-'.-5. Di.'"'r',..ivi.v,, constante, effect of r...', rature,
3[e.'c,..;.- la :,.'-..i and heartw ',*, calculation of
dr;,'i !" time, etc-
2- 4 Moi-i-tur<. ,-r ient.., ir' luenced .-,' -...- conduit' ns,
etc.
2-7 Thrinka_;e ,r.d '.d ri. ,,-
2-7-0 Gereral
2-7-1 T$T,3 and :':e:, normal wood, abhornial wo -,
iongi:; ,J :-n l r'_.-jial, t'-ri,.-ntial, volummetric,
Ip;'_,.'.;. r t* Ol* r t:"'.
2-7--1 Formula for talc.- tr. -
2-7-5 -r :',. moisture relation
7-7-4 Shr'..--. ,. r -'-'Ll..s f.-, tt'',-e reduction, case *' 1 11;.,
chec's:.; ..;' e/- -"e...ronb, -'.* i '.-ts, -.-;
2-7-5 Jhri na ge and warp s,'fectf f b' chemical drye;.
c .rJ tlio:. -.s&pwood and heartw-_. s, .'.. ..", et
2-8 Identif.cation of Wood
2-9; Ele,.tri.:a .a i.:rcreties
2-.'- 3 General
2-.9-l Carie -i' x' i s- sis tance
2-9-2 Dielectric constants, resistance values, s:..-ies
2-9-5 Infl.,'-n --d ,by extractives, moisture, .
2-10 Color
2-10-0 General
2-10-1 ier.". _v stair. mold, chemical .--.


ccn2-tionas, extractives, stezrinr, weatheri:, e-,
Moisture Content of ood
2-11-0 General
2-11-'1'r.e coistre c crtrt, sz c e
2-11-2 Maximum ..... uenced 1r'." Er..c-'ic ..*...vity
2-11-2 V~-,r Y= i -
2-11-5 Ar-y r k.-adry moisture content
2-11-4 Use rv 1r--i.-r ts
2-11-5 ..iszure s :.: f-cations
Moisture Determinaticn ,cethcIs
2-12-0 Ge1. al
2-12-1 ?ven i -r.virc
2-12-2 Electrical r-.;istr-nce, cnaFvclty, co:ierc.cini Moistmur'e
:le'ers3, -2.
2-12-3 Dis+tillit on
2-12-4 CheI. .rc _a
2-12-5 "th-r ret-..s;' dew toin,, di ,;
Sound Properties
Tr-perties "*.-.f --
.-,- 0 3 -_.-, y P'
Foros :ty
Urea-tlesticize .:
Vibrat i-n Cbracteristics


-epcrt No, 1975


2-11







2-12








2-15
2-14
2-15
2-16
2-17


-3-








3. Cher.istry of Wood


35-0
35-1
5-2
3-35
3-4


General
Sugars
Resins
T-anin,:
Yuel Values


4. Industrial Investiuat.lons3


4-0
4-1

4-2
4-3
4-4
4-5


General
Manufacturer-s, equipment, sawmills, woodworking machinery,
etc
Markets ar"'-rilatioa
Cicx, ~cr~~su..tic:, z.Prices, etc.
Tr--r portation
Grcd-.r Fr Rules


5o Air Drying


5-0 Ozreral
5-0-1 Air drying and kiln drying compared
5-0-2 Bibliography
5-0-3 Specifications
5-0-4 Statistics, costs, degrade, drying time, moisture
content, etc,
5-I Apparatus
5-1-1 Dipj tanks. st-aming chambers, etc.
5-1-2 St,'kir- methods
5-1-5 Yarding eoquip.ier.t
5-2 Methods
5-2-1 .vy of practices
5-2-2 .Lffects upon checks, degrade, time, warp, etc.
5-2-53 P'll'- "i.',eL r, dimension, timbers, bowling pins, etc.
5-2-4 Sanitation
5-2-5 Special, air drying on kiln trucks, girdling,
coat ing, etc.
5-2-6 Yard l.ayou-t


6. Kiln Drying


6-0 General
6-o-1
6-C-t 2
6-0-3
6-c-4
6-0-5


Survey of commercial kilns and practices
Kiln dryin- and air drying compared
Development, bibliography
Companies and engineers
Specifications for kiln drying, moisture content,
casehardening, etc.


- :rt z), 1975







7


6-1j.*.p.'ratue


.-1-0
'. *1-1

6-1-2

6-1-4

6-1-5


6-1-6
6-1-7
6-1-8


6-2~ ?-2-I'


6-2-2
2 -2-3
c.-2-4
6-2-5
6-3 effectt
6-5-1
6-3-2
6-I1 Kiln Dei
1- -,T
6--,-3.
6-4-
6-6-2

6-5 -
6-.-5
6-L--
6-5 Te t i.,
6-5-0

6-5-6


i, .... kilns .. operation t co.T-
t. ed etc o
,'lt.. ., e **.:',,. c *. .' s J ix J cover;-
Circulation, me- .'.';.. creat'- blower (".t
as} '.r2'. j^a. LJ-* rs, I-. ; e:in (** o c.
r-.njiat"*. ,m*^" CO'" ', heat ex change
7',a J _`ati n rI ....
Air ,.1 n.1'-ti. ".::-.,- r*,*."*. .s', "...t and control, toji or--
ature relative h-. t.j: .. u librim r.c j ire
content, ::.r"a .;, '.7.r.ts, etc
Mechanism of .i v-, air, condo sensation, >.
'!eneer dri- .
L*ber ." i.7 p'ent an i ..... : :i. l.... ,.
kiLn tru es."; bunk's sti *"."'.'.'., .,,&c .... t "n'-.c
b l..'.*. v" , mask o ,- ." ,

7 ":.--,-ry.' -..'.". .. **.,'-.' dr ies c -.2,.*.:' ;.*-' :i-_:, ch(';c ru",
c^'l-. :s.^ ...'ar.i'n-r, part-time operations, ec .
*..-.". '-i..;s aircr '", j t-cies, treaty God et'.0
Forms :-_rvj e:;:..- ...I.z-rl dhner-sion, timbers, _:'J,
*e c


"i '., pin: ,' .... .'... ;.. cooper. tc
Dimension stock.
Pf i 1-,. j.
P1i -01
of Kibi **"'ri.-:.- on
Deg:'"]-.o checks, collapse, hoe- .:-, .- p, 3ti.n, *t

sign and :- ",' e. r : '- ;)b ems
G "-".--'Tal

Kiln vails. rC.-.'fs, fowt,,cations
Steean-coifl .': sigi.. I ?. -_ ---:.-:?;.:_n *--. .i. ;- ign
"K- il ato on
Circujlat On s
'-'.c'jt r"-. .uret-n ia io

Cc",e-s:+-. k ioIn '.-rlems
,3_1;- T:'. = -t^ ., "-- -" "r '-
Ger, .

Commercial .kiln installation


C. Chemical F-"tri ..... ts r cec cotro


7-0 General
7-0-1
7-1-
7-,-3

7-'5


ilr -Lr." n air :--yi~- treated -.- *
Level r-rer., bibli:-" :--

Sre"i:Mcations,. moisture content, cas --
c at 7 :'" "e tine
Stat is+ti. c s- .- ,.


-e Jrt lNo. 1975


e eC







7-1 Apparatus
7-2 Processes
7-2-1 Theory of checking control by chemicals, shrinkage,
species, degrade, schedules, etc.
7-2-2 Treating and drying
7-2-5 Forms and items, cooperage, bowling pins, lumber,
dimension, dimension stock, etc.
7-5 Chemical Seasoning Agents
7-4 Effect of Methods on Wood
7-4-1 Degrade, checks, collapse, honeycomb, color, etc,
7-4-2 Strength
7-4-5 Penetration
7-4-4 .Physical -2roperties
7-4-5 Decay and termite resistance
7-h-6 Corrosion


8& Special l'ryi g Tietthoci


8-0
8-1
8-2
8-3
8-4
8-5
8-6
8-7
8-8
8-9
8-10
8-11
8-12
8-13
8-14


9, Decay E


9-0
9-1
9-2
9-5


General
Boring Hole Through Center of Logs
Steaming Followed by Kiln Drying
Ozone Drying Process
Centrifugal Force
Daytime Drying
Vacuum Drying
Heating and Cooling
Freezing
Superheated Stear'.
High-Frequency Dielectric and Electric Heating
Drying by Fydr-..phi'llc Solvent Extraction
Infrared Drying
Boiling in Oil
Vapor Drying


nd Stain

General
Influenced by Seasoning Conditions, floods, etc,
Methods of Control, fungicide, steaming, kiln drying, etc.
Insects


10. Preservation

10-0 General
10-1 Preservation of Fuel, sawdust, shavings, etc.


r-,cr no. 1975







] 1. S~tlats-ti,_l f.ieth,',d _

11-0 CG.-ner-ul
11-1 BLbliog'rajhy
11-2 statistical Tables, Charts, etc.
11-3 Statistical uaity Coiintr=-.l


1i Glues

12-0 erir-ral
12-1 Apparat u s
12-2 nr..cesst s
12,-3 Frlo u,-t.s
12-4 Influence of Glue onr. Machine Knives
12-5 Nail GL Lnr


153. P2X9s Containers) Cra1-:

13-0 General


14. Coatings an3 Wood Finishes

14-0 General
14-1 Influence of Coatings, moisture remain and 1iss,
degrade, etc.
14-2 End Coatings
14-2-0 General
14-2-1 Formulas
14-2-2 Efficiency and physical property data


15. Storage

15-0 General
15-1 Apparatus
15-1-0 General
15-1-1 Conditioning rooms
15-1-2 Storage s-eds
15-2 Filing .',ethods
15-2-1 Door stock
15-2-2 Flooring
15-2-3 Furniture
15-2-4 Logs
15-2-5 Lumber
15-2-6 Fanels
15-2-7 Timbers


Fercrt iIo. 19-5


-7-






15-5 Location
15-5-1
15-5-2
15-5-5
15-35-4
15-5-5
15-4 Influence
15-4-1
15-4-2
15-4-5
15-4-4
15-4-5
15-4-6
15- 4-7


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
A t +c r e I BIBIl I B 1111II IIII111IBt111111111111 IIBI BB IIBII0II
At f ac-1ories
At mlls 3 1262 08924 2100
At retail and wholesale yards
P: building contractors
TIn transit
of Storage
CrseIrden iirg

Checks and splits due to freezing
Dar.-.de
-m.:l split--.
Honeycomb
Moisture cc::nt specifications
Moisture content values and end gradient


16. Constructions and Engineering Problems (Not Dry Kilns)

16-0 General
16-1 Condensation
16-1-0 General
16-1-1 B,. Id-i-s
16-1-2 Basemerrts
16-1-5 v, ui 1 -, \; paper
16-1-4 Chimney-s
16-1-5 Floors
16-1-6 Humidification and air conditioning
16-i-7 Lockers and cold storage
16-1-8 Painting
S16-1-9 Plaster
16-1-10 Shingles and roofs
16-1-11i Siding
16-1-12 T- ile rs
16-1-15 Ventilation
16-i-14 Walls and attics
16-:-15 weatherr strips
16-1-16 IJindow saslh and frames
16-1-17 Containers
16-2 Construction
16-2-0 General
16-2-1 Influenced by moisture content of wood members,
Loats, 1.?. :abricated homes, forms, etc.


16-5


, manufacturing
16-3-1 Influenced by checks, splits, extractives, stains,
shrinkage, swea1 ing, warp, species, etc.-
16-5-2 Forms and items, boats, boxes, furniture, handles,
sporting goods, shoe heels, bowling pins, etc.


17, Forestry

17-0 General
17-1 LoC-gin!;


,- rt To. 1975