The Madisonian

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Material Information

Title:
The Madisonian
Uniform Title:
Madisonian (Washington, D.C. : 1837 : Semiweekly)
Physical Description:
v. : ; 57-61 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
Thomas Allen
Place of Publication:
Washington City D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
semiweekly[may 1843-1845]
semiweekly (triweekly during the sessions of congress)[ former 1837-1843]
semiweekly
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Aug. 16, 1837)-v. 4, no. 1289 (Apr. 29, 1845).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 2, no. 2, (Aug. 22, 1838)=whole no. 141.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Suspended: Apr. 16-30, 1840.
General Note:
Publisher varies: John B. Jones & Co., Dec. 9, 1841; John B. Jones, 1841-1845; Jesse E. Dow, 1845.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 703818873
ocn703818873
System ID:
AA00020292:00004

Related Items

Related Items:
Daily Madisonian (Washington, D.C. : 1841)
Related Items:
Madisonian (Washington, D.C. : 1837 : Weekly)
Succeeded by:
United States journal (Washington, D.C. : 1845 : Semiweekly)

Full Text








THE MADISONIAN.

THOMAS ALLEN,
Editor and Proprietor.

AGENTS.
LEwis H. DOBELOWER, 34 Catharine street, Phi.
la.Jelphia.
J. R. WELDIN, Pittsaburg, Pa.
C. W. Jsama, Cicinnali, Ohio
HRmes S. MEEsga, 464 Bowery, New York.
GEosmk W. BULL, Buffalo, N. York.
Jsaco R. How, Aubarn, New York.
S'I.V.NUs STEVENS, New Haven, Ct.
E. B. FOsTER, Boston, Mass.
THuomas H. WILEY, Cahawba, Alabama.
WE1TON F. BiaRcH, Fayette, Missouri.
[iatr.L. RUSSELL, Harper's Ferry, Va.
J,8si4H SNOW, Detroit, Michigan.
F,-wzeR & WouowsAoRD, St. L.ouI-, Mo.
TuEN MIDISONUIsN is published Tri-weekly during
the sittings of Congress, and Semi-weekly during the
recess', at 55 per annum. Fur aix months, 83
The Madisonian, weekly, per annum, '2; do. six
months, 1I.
No subscription will be taken for a term shorl of
six months; nor unless paid for in adeon..
FRICE OF P ADVERTISING.
Twelve lines, or lIss, three insertions, - 91 00
Each additional insertion, - - - -5
Longer advertisements at proportionate rate'.
Ahliberal discount made to those wh", advertise by
the year.
rrSubscriberis may remit by mail, in bill# of sol-
ient banks, po.!agepaid. at our risk proi-drd it shall
appear by a postmaster's c.-rtilicate, that such reuiIl-
tance has been duly mailed.
A liberal discount will be made to companies of
fJe or more transmitting their subscriplions together.
Posatmaters, and others aulhonzed, acting as our
agents, will be entitled to receive a copy ot hiE paper
gr.21is Iior every live subscribers, or at that rate per
cent. on subscriptions generally, the terns being rul-
filled.
Letters and communications intended f.-r the eltas-
ishment will not be received unless ihe paosla.e i;s
paid.

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION.

Popular vote of the States c.mpi-,sing the Urniteld
States ol' Amrerica, in Novembcr, 1,O0, for Eleclors
to lect a Piesident and Vice President, .o .er-e
I'tom the 4th dayv olf March, 1841, i 1the 3d 0of'
Maich, 1H4&, inchdisie.
MAINE
('ountie.. V. B. Harrnsoi. Abul'n.
York, 5725 4145 4
Cuinbrrland, tb43S 6791 28
Lincoln, 511 t 62i46 14
Hancwk, '25U9 2434
Washinglon, 2-235 2357 9
Kernr, 'leek, 35M0 6905 43
tlixford, 4k00 2932 19
Somerset, 2597 ,3684 21
Pen,'..scol, 4445 4333 4
Wald,., 5069 2694 3
Piwcataquis, 1136 1275 27
Franklin, 2058 1848 22
Aroostook, 480 289

-16, 200 1,613 194
194 46,391

46,394 219 l-ar. maj.
The vote of King.4bury, which gave 21 Democratic
majority, was not counted.

NEW HAMPSHIRE.
(,,uniies V.B. Hat. Counties. V.B. Har
Rockingh,.in, 4959 4043 Coo., 1054 353
Slautol, 6755 5352 -
SMerrimack, 5126i 2751.1 31,919 25,43
Hill.borough, 4737 3753 ,5',4B3
Chelishirt, ,A" 3657 -
Sullivan, -2154 21-29 V.B.maj. 6,436
Grallon, 4967 345-2

VERMNIONT.


Counties. V. B. Harrison.
Bennington, 141-23 1796
Windham, 1715 3472
Rutland, 1551 4114
Windsor, 1821 5817
Addison, 916 2806
(Orange, 2216 2874
L'Critllenden, 1381 2W86
Washington, 1984 2057
Caledonia, 1713 2025
Grand Isle, 152 363
Franklin, 1191 2186
Lamaoil. 888 9074
Orleans, 745 129,
Eiel, 3013 J_0

18,009 30,445
114.,1)09

Hamaon majority, 14,136
There were 319 votc cast for the Abolition ti,:kel,
and there were 15 scattering.

NI MASSACHUSETTS.
Counties. V.B. Har. Countnis. V.B. Har.
Suffolk, 4339 7537 Plymouth, 3'38 5065
Essex, 6513 10i56' Barnstable, 1554 2751
Middlesex, 8626 9716 Dukes, 294 346
Worcc..ier, 6764 11537 Nantucket, 320 671
Hampshire, 1625 403 -
Hampden, 3312 3441 51,944 72,874
Franklin, 2137 3461 51,944
Berkshire, 3780 3931
Nvrtulk, 4238 5404 Har. maj. 20,930
Bristol, 4904 4855

RHODE ISLAND.
V B. Har. Scat.
Newport, 133 427
Pr,, .d.nce, 329 1139 21
Portsmioulh, 50 118 8
Warwick, 113 281
Westerly, 64 108 1
N. Shoehan, no returns.
N. King'lown, 149 95
S. Kingstown, 134 260
E. Greenwich, 42 114
Jamestown, 14 23
Smihtield, 256 322
Scituate, 247 121
Glocester, 179 93
Charlestown, 58 50
W. Greenwich, 63 71
Coventry, 164 203
Exeter, 108 48
Middletown, 13 67
Bristol, 77 29
Tiverton, 135 1-20)
Little Compton, 34 94 11
Warren, 34 201
Cumberland, 139 225
Richmond, 68 67
Cranston, 113 142
Hopkinton, 84 109
Johnston, 89 112
Nurih Providence, 62 149
Bjrringt,.n, 25 46
Fotier, 190 82
Burrillville, 156 97
3,263 5,213 42
U-Iarriasn' mraloritvY. 1950.


New Shor.-hamr was nut seasonably received, but
is reporledJ 3-2 majorily 1'r Ihe Harrison ickit.
CONNECTICUT.
Counties. V.B Hair Counties. V.B. Har.
Ilartiiid 4504 6-22-1 Middlesex, 2275 2775
NFew Htaen, 3-49 49-0) --
Fairfield 3856 4868 24,88831,212
Ncw London 3143 3813 24,888
Litchield, 3571 4319 --
Tolland, 1513 1993 Har. maj. 6,324
Windham, 2177 2784

NEW YORK.
(Cuunties Van Buren Harrison.
Albany, '.44 6371
Allegany, 3382 4142
Broome, 2131 2935
Chrnango, 3995 4389
Columbia, 4471 4290
Cortland, -2-229 2664
CayugaS, 4864 5175
Catlanrugus, 5475 2966
Chemung, 2-2916 1698
Chaiauque, 3345 ")
Clintlon, 1828 21-23
Dutche.s, 533-2 )3j5
Delaware, 3817 '-2A.
Essex, 1789 2617
Erie, 361?7 6787
Fulion& I1milton, Ilt67 2087
Franklin, 1110 1440
Ge nei-ee, 3809 7067
Gieene, 3258 2991
Herkmer, 4350 3118
Jeffersin, 5630 2 W7
Kings, 315'; 3,.193


Lewis,
Livingston,
Madisoii
Monroe,
Monlgumervy,
New Y.:.rk,
Niagara,
Onuniliaia,
Oneida,
Orange,
(Ontario,
Ciwego,
Olvego,
Orleans,
Putnam,
Llueensi,
Renamelaer,
RiichmonI,
IRoe kl.and
St. Lan rence,
Steohi'n,
SI'chen, o.l.dy,
Saraloa,
Su folk,

Sinllivan.
S,. hoharne,
Sc 1 1aI Ihue-,
Tumpkin,
Tioga
I 5Litr.
Washington,
VWa rne,
Warren,
Welche.ler,
Yales,


1155
177.-5
.2631
4114


3-219

77al6
IM_15
:451
39o,17
55mu
1131
15"3
"2554Ji
NI; I
1657
1751
4R'211
1579
3-7.i
34"73
348'2
*472
1679
313,

-21.,ll
30-24
39196
1411
4354
20S7
3212,549


39 it;
41266



655-,
156
43,'1
44-?4
4192
Ill I,;
-.2';9ii,
*l'.1'\

57 52
43-1


441.13

6175

411C.
4195
"241;6
I I.j

391 .._
1925
t491
5070
13151
1306
4,3 54


212,549


H arnr, on rrna i.-,rtV 1 .,'29.
NEW JERSEY.
Counties" V. B. Har. Couiries. V. B liar
Aintic, .26 4-3'55 Morri:, 215 1 25110
Bv-ren, 1316 947 Passaic, 962 1362
Burlington, '0.I)5 341'7 Salem, 1302 1582
Cape May,, 194 696 Somerset, 1345 1721
Cumberland,1 191, 1497 Sussex, 2932 1171
Essex, 2832 4636 Warren, 2464 1419
Gloucester, 1773 2388 -
lludson, 501 732 31,034 33,351
HunitErdon, 2733 1830 31,034
Me rcr, 1494 2122 --
Middlesex, 1683 2014 Harrison maj. 2,317
Monmouth, 2880 2953

PENNSYLVANIA.
Counties. V. B. Har. Counties. V. B. Har.
Adams, 1628 2453 L-igh.', '211I 2405
Allegheny, 4573 7620 Lowrnng., *21l1 1504
Ari llrung, 1744 1260 MNonigor,,try, 1-,"9 4068
Beaver, 1710 3143 NIM. rcPr, 23.6 3249
Bedford, -214 2910 M..nro,, 1417 345
Berks, 7425 3582 Mifflin, 1269 1226
Bucks, 4488 4705 McKean, 276 263
Bradford, 2844 2631 Northamp-
Butler, 1804 2100 ton, 3838 2846
Crnwr.rd, 99fq 2469 Northum-
Ciesitr, 4"-2 5643 berland, 2187 1351
Columbia, -";..29 1325 Perry, 1970 1072
-', uinLberland,21)95 2790 Philadelphia
Cambria, 920 811 county, 13393 10189
Centre, M24 1447 Phila. city, 4774 7655
Clirinor,. 649 637 Pike, 524 135
ClSarficild, 812 499 Potter, 363 1lio.
Clarion, 1366 648 Somerset, 765 2.v1I
Dauphin, 2187 3124 Schuylkill, 2184 lI-l
Delaware, 1335 2031 Susquehan-
Erie, 2061 3636 na, 2023 1560
Lancaster, 5472 9678 Tior,, 1721 1895
Lebanon, 1402 2369 U ni,n, 1518 2423
Fu3ci-tte, 3035 2755 Venaingo, 1275 855
Franklin, 2892 35868 %a.-h- n, 3611 4147
Greene 2020 1350 Wayne, r188 675
HInnlingdon,'266 3826 Warren, 929 827
Indiana, 15299 1953 Westm'ld, 4704 2778
Jefferson, 592 476 York, 4382 3792
Juniata, 1043 966
Luzerne. 4119 2774 143,676144,019


.. -. [ L ~.,_. h.--r -
DELAWARE
Counties. Van Buren.
Sussex 1583
New Castle, 2195
Kent, 1096
4874


1 4:4.:1;



Harrison.
2053
2321
1593

5967
4774,


IHarrison majority, 1093

MARYLAND.
Counties. V. B. Har. Counties. V. B. Har.
Allegany, 1003 1271 Cecil, 1314 1448
Wash'ton, 2290 2485 Kent, 475 678
Frederick, 2624 1958 (ueen Anne's,661 778
Monl.ocnery, 665 1099 Talbot, 683 749
Annie Andl 1384 1605 Caroline, 537 690
Carroll, 1.;I1 1554 qDorchester, 839 1381
P. George, la'9! 1017 Somerset, 848 1516
Charles, 502 841 Worcester, 691 1494
St Mary's 415 896 -
Calvert, 425 494 Total, 28,759 33,533
Bal't City 7326 7296 28,759
Bal't County 2629 1941 -
Harford, 1248 1342 Har. majority, 4,774
VIRGINIA.
Counties, Har. V. B. Counties, Har. V. B.
Accomac, 739 239 Mason, 405 304
Albemarle, 714 517 Meckln'burg, 319 561
AIllghiarnv, 84 171 Mercer, 146 125
Amel, 166 240 Middlesex, 101 123
Amherst, 372 329 Monongalia, 681 1236
Augusta, 1204 454 Marshall, 458 462
Bath, 203 218 Monroe, 408 423
Bedford, 919 558 Montgomery, 338 261
Berkeley, 599 3-2 Morgan, 179 145
Botetourt, 407 575 Nansemond, 383 259
Brooke, "350 516 Nelson, 404 237
Brunswick, 261 380 Norfolk Co., 561 478
Braxton, 109 202 Norfolk bor., 529 298
Buckingham 475 420 New Kent, 198 156
Cabell, 481 436 Northampton,334 24
Campbell, 718 487 Northl'd, 183 300
Caroline,- 399 467 Nottoway, 132 190
Charles City, 173 39 Nicholas, 173 120
Charlotte, 318 327 Ohio, 922 287
Chesterfield, 298 588 Orange, 231 235
Culpeper, 351 295 Page, 45 528
Cumberland, 262 228 Patrick, 83 -
Clarke, 174 191 Pendleton, 389 -468
Dinwiddie, 302 235 Pittsylvania, 876 616
Elizb'th City, 141 85 Pocahontas, 107 220
Essex, 241 125 Powhatan, 176 210
Fairfax, 366 321 Pulaski, 1J42 161
Fauquier, 683 533 Preston, 396 464
Fayette, 199 183 Petersburg, 245 262
Fluvanna, 333 153 P. Edward, 268 361
Floyd, 143 279 Princess A., 402 274
Franklin, 569 515 P. George, 124 237
Frederick, 755 743 P. William, 167 393
Files, 226 593 Randolph, 450 321
Gloucester, 247 179 Raph'nck, 318 300
Goochland, 120 333 Rockbridge, 635 528
Grayson, 455 589 Rch'md City, 580 166
Greenbrier, 548 308 Richmond co, 177 151
Greensville, 110 156 Rockingham, 256 1444
Green, 62 230 Russell, 264 298
Halifax, 422 964 Roanoke, 159 255
Hampshire, 729 605 Scott, 282 444
Hanover, 450 462 Shenandoah, 102 1218
Hardy, 497 230 Smyth, 259 305
Harrison; 828 1341 Southampton,378 372
Henrico, 445 398 Spottsv'nia, 358 3 d
Henry, 311 191 Stafford, 265 295
Isle of Wight, 86 533 Surry, 95 195
James City, 141 9 Sussex, 109 347
JeffT-r.son. 667 59-2 Taz.-vcIl, 113 486
.JI ,k ,,r, 258 211 T ,ler, 325 438
Kenawha, 827 324 Wa.hingtI..n, 364 625
K & Uuecn, '24'2 203 We,iru I.J 282 81
KiIing .George, l1l1i 129 V:...J, 513 392
K Vnilht1, 115 306 Wytho, 279 474
Lancaster, 170 87 Warwick, 92 3
Lee, 275 489 Warren, 110 300
Lewis, 386 616 Williamsburg, 83 7
Logan, 136 189 York, 192 12
Loudon, 1269 381 -
Louisa, 375 475 4 1 li.0 42,818
Lunenburg, 228 302 41,405
MaJdison, 53 532
Matthes, 180 220 Van Buren'smaj. 1,413


NOlIITH CAROLINA.
Co,,nr,';, Hai'. 1" B Cur,nli,:, Har r B.
Anion, 1191 395 Me.:kle.
Aahe. 5^', 41.,1 burg, I sO l1-4iG
B.aul'orl, 9t61 :'l Monigolm-
Berlie, 4'16 3m" cerY, 1136 105
BlI ,cn, 341l 414 Moore, 5-29 195
Brunrminck, ;351l -231l Ncoi,, 433 168
Buntoui'he & Nash, '7 797
H,.n.Jfron,143,; 452 N. Hanover, 2;93 11.-2
Burke, 16.23 '9 N.:.rli, ariiot,,n 551' 383
(Ca'hrru, M 91 354 I.4il,,w, 143 6'Jl.I
I"'.nd,'n, I6 2 Hlla t)nri'ge, 1,'39 1l 1
(C'anrilr, 554 Il Pa.,jii5 'ank, ;93 I 19l
(.'a w.ll, 1c.I It. P,iui.un-, 5'11.. 1.34
('C lha ih.,, 11-21 5I,: P -r.-,un, *.14 ',7
(.'horvan. :'l, l 1'i, Pill, t 62 391
'_ lum lr u-, --'I I :13 15 l ai,.J,,lph, 1:114 *.I'
C raven, I CO; 5U41 Richmoind, "- l ir-'
-Cu'ubrlainii, f612 97l II ,wv rin and
Curnrluck, 14 41._ DDa ,e, Il3l1 7--5
'heroke.-. 41-1 113 R..L,..ii, 579 5101.
Dan Idoii, 1141 3911 Rockiimhaii,. 54:j 'nI5
Dliplin, 2".; .-11- Rulherf,.r, 1W K 2 510
Eduecon'le5, 135 13:1 Saanponu, 55"13 741
Frankrlin, 374 #;i.'- Si,.ke I QZ 10II
ialI-, :.73 :23'-2 i Surrv, I 191 41'2
Grjn,,ilef, 933 77m Tirr .ll, 3.n l 3j
Greene, 97 -15 Wakr, I '6 1144
Gimlfori, 2lill 411 W rr-n, 1r, "5 1 '5 5
[lalil':, t14 30. \Wahin.gton, 13- '54
H. vw,,.l, 431 22-1 Wayn-.., :'101, .31
Hrlli,rl, 391; I\ V Vi ,'k, -. i 150 11-1
llvir, 131 .9 Yanc..), ItS 215
lredll, I 7k1 32m
John..ton,. 597 549 4;.37; 33,7$2
Jon..P, t13 13-2 33,7"2
Li noir,'
Lirc.-.ln, 1410l 145 I-[ ar rrinaj 12 .5941
Marin,. J91 546
The r-iclurrn I',lni LEnuilr courinv rtl remi-cved

SiOIUTH CAROLINA
Electors chosen by ite State Legislature. They
voted for Martin Van Buren for President, and L.
W. Tazewell for Vice President.


Counties. Har.
Appling
Baker, 182
Baldwin, 731
Bibb, 758
Bryan, 80
Bulloch, 25
Burk. 593
Butn 185
Camden, 166
Campbell, 163
Carroll 276
Cass, 561
Chatham, 590
Chatooga, 186
Cherokee, 369
Clarke, 317
Cobb, 428
Columbia, 470
Coweta, 792
Crawford, 435
Dade, 38
Decatur, 432
De Kalb, 665
D:o ly, 226
Earl., 258
Eiirhi.,rm, 158
ElItrit, 957
Emanuel, 80
Fayette, 337
Floyd, 275
Forsyth, 348
Franklin, 353
Gilmer, 127
Glynn, 88
Green, 889
Gwinnett, 745
Habersham, 290
Hall, 445
Hancock, 481
Harris, 853
H,.,r.i', 315
Hotsi,in, 667
Irwin, 59
Jackson, 572
Jasper, 495
Jefferson, 458
Jones, 461
Laurens, 556


Counties. V. B.
Autauga 574
Baldwin 118
Barbour 642
Benton 1248
Bibb 478
Blount 720
Butler 274
Chambers 678
Clarke 596
Conecuh 209
Covington 65
Cherokee 759
Coosa 539
Dallas 689
Dale 672
De Kalb 771
Franklin 903
Fayette 819
Greene 788
Henry 391
Jackson 2147
Jefferson 582
Lawrence 782
Limestone 897
Lauderdale 987
Lowndes 522
Marengo 595


GEORGIA.
V. B. Counties. Har. V. B.
Lee, 304 77
204 Liberty, 144 78
530 Lincoln, 317 123
748 Lowndes, 422 90
22 Lumpkin, 355 786
384 Macon, 369 303
203 Madison, 357 286
339 Marion, 404 193
191 McIntosh, 119 135
427 Merriwether, 755 702
437 Monroe, 796 675
705 Montgomery, 167 8
647 Morgan, 478 280
201 Murray, 273 452
416 Muscogee, 1044 811
3 8 Newton, 988 351
658 Oglethorpe, 654 127
223 Paulding, 227 207
768 Pike, 560 624
458 Pulaski, 241 275
163 Putnam, 468 310
203 Raburn, 30 212
759 Randolph, 509 519
296 Richmond, 939 407
293 Scriven, 180 199
55 Stewart, 882 639
105 Sumter, 449 176
113 Talbot, 912 807
542 Taliaferro, 431 47
267 Tattnall, 253 28
457 Telfair, 203 53
581 Thi.m,-, 426 60
164 Truji, 1071 330
14 Twigg, 411 373
126 Union, 107 360
624 U on, 632 293
761 Walton, 516 619
504 Ware, 215 :35
240 Warren, 55 2 -13
292 Washington, "',: 3 1.i
352 TV&. ,) ..... I . "i
; > i-'likrr, 311'7 5 11
572 Wilkes, -13", ,5
121 Wilkinson, 428 474
542 -
495 40,261 31,921
89 31,921
352 -
4 Har. maj. 8,340

ALABAMA.
Har. Counties. V. B Har.
591 Madison 1985 298
137 Morgan 804 358
1028 Marion 535 196
483 Montgomery 811 1134
583 Monroe 361 646
105 Mobile 1121 1481
710 M1arshall 924 142
1039 Macon 338 731
.230 Perry 825 973
541 Pike 627 653
188 Pickens 779 1062
377 Russell 404 691
316 Randolph 524 279
1024 Shelby 407 573
367 St. Clair 679 42
157 Sumter 1180 1308
637 Tuscaloosa 938 1276
203 Talladega 788 669
1366 Tallapoosa 436 412
325 Walker 367 244
57 Washington 276 263
315 Wilcox 437 778
649 --
356 33,991 28,471
645 28,471
896 -
842 V. B. maj. 5,520


LOUISIANA.
PARISHES.
Har.
Plaquemines, 40
St. Bernard, 173
Orleans, 2681
Jefferson, 252
St. Charles, 69
St. John the Baptist, 133
St. James, 379
Ascension, 218
Assumption, 289
Lafourche Interior, 358
Terrebonne, 313
Iberville, 204
West Baton Rouge, 183
East Baton Rogue, 324
East Feliciana, '"i;,)1
West Feliciana, 253
St. Helena, 172
Livingston, 127
Washington, 150
St. Tammany, 104
Pointe Coupee, 147
St. Martin, 463
St. Mary, 308
Lafayette,*
St. Landry and Calcasien, 836
Avoyelles, 20
Rapides, 475
Natclhitoches and Caddo, 667
Claiborne,*
Ouachita, 243
Union, 74
Caldwell,*
Catahoula, 259
Concordia, 269
Madison, 147
Carroll, 96
11,297
7,";17

Harrison majority, 3,680


V.jB.
250
91
1748
86
33
45
37
218
340
44
20
182
84
208
430
286
238
207
134
80
139
103
87

434
205
382
610

130
76

231
113
111
114

7,617


The above is the highest vote given for Harrison
and Van Buren Electors, according to the proclama-
tion of the Governor.
*No returns received.

MISSISSIPPI.
Counties. V. B. Har. Counties. V. B. Har
Hinds, 658 1207 Ch.cLaw. 430 3""
Malis.n. 312 691 N,,it,L,,-,. 372 514
Holr-, 318 55'6 W.1'i,, 87 94


THE MADiSO N I A N.



FOR THE COUNTRY.


VOL. IV .....NO. 7.] WASHINGTON CITY, SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 13, 1841. [WHOLE NO. 160.


Smith,
Law retice,
Simpnn,
NE wt.n,
Yalobu-ha,
Copiah,
Laflveiir,,
Tall .hiart.r-,
Boilar,
"I I n,,-hlil .,
L.,v id,.-,
K,:,uper,
,?i asaw
Warren
Yalu..
t *artil.
Scull,
Franklin.
Ad in-,
Pik,,
Amoc,
A mIr~,

Rankin
Aliala,
N.ehoba,
\VlIiaon,
Monroe
Leak,,




'"i iii e*
A r, -' r.n,

Blount,
BrIdleVy,
I! arTdI c- '
Cari-,.
( [.nboine,
Co.oke,
Campbell,*
Grange-r,
Gret, ei, 1
H amilton,-
Hlaikin., I
Johno,,n,


Bedford, l7.i
Cannon,j
Coffee,t
Davidson, 19GtlI
De Kr,lft
Dickson, 396
Fentress, 140
Franklin, 645
Gd( ., 11!90
[l.,r.lin, 5;2
-lickman. 293
Humlphrvs, 191
J.,-k,,n, 1032
L.-,wren,-., 537
Ljic,..In, 831
Mar hraIll,t


79 .-9 Green, 1\*' 1 'l1
53 1-23 Pervry 91 I111
19 QIIl .I.-,ne-, 1'1 3 56
91 I.9 L 'oI" ,r'i on, .2-2 1 It,
-43 7"39 MarI..n, 1.5 136
15 5 1 LLauder.lal,', 1 11 39
il; 3'2 Wilkjrmson, I C 6l6.3
I- \It; lianiwmbi, 391 1711
4-1 .-2 Ti.pah, i4 il.1
WI 195 Ban,,la, "-jit; 33-"
-2 l') C,'i ,.' ,l,,,nm li,0 I6il
lII 3'23 PnIot-l,.,, :Q9 23:
IlI 142; .tI., ,. r, 26i" -:3
'J ooi0; ri-t. ,in;n ..,, .3 3--l21
1:11 561t C .lalt,,riie, 3i'.i ,I5 '
)2-7 711 Tunica >3 ;1
i OR 41 I.>P S,.l,, 34' 3t, I
M3I II (ClC k 2la 1-I'4
3", x6i-2 H..n ,.ck, 1-1 "-1
i7'; 311 MIarshall,' N i 1i
!61 5.IHI Wt a lin.-l.,n l! I']
2;:9 11-2 .J.,.-k-.I.i," 172 2
',.2 :2 3MI
1Or 7 li:..99", 1 .518I
164 103 I .,995
1 .152 Harri-. r:iri m.i 2 %3
3-2 I1' *Rep,.rlt.,l

TENNESSEE
U i_"1 1 r T [ :'?[ L .
(,r V. B C.,untiic HaNr V B.
2, 2 -, : Kn,ox, "'10.1; 314
i44 2112 McMinn, 11122 -'7
4m 64ll Maro.n, 5,13 :36
167 7.91 MCI-,. 119 53',
37 99 Monr4. 923 !12."
31 733 Mor.ian 211 161
117 N) Polk, I'97 .1 3 "
Rhea, 2119- 3-:3
95 449 R.,-In,, IiJ47 515
32 1559 So'ier, 92', 45
Sjllivan. 32. !3-1h
53 1251 Washington, 9"2 1063
II 131 ---
91, 49 19,172 13,194
MIDDLE TENNESSEE.


2156 Maury, 14'17 2025
MonlromerIrvI 1 Il 790
7i% erion, 324 988
1275 Robertson, 1167 650
Rutherford, 1706 1475
653 Smith, 2657 689
323 Steward, 457 689
1461 Summer, 794 1738
1242 Van Buren,t
581 Warren, 513 1941
952 WVa. n. 760 266
333 Wihi,-, 1201 386
591 Williamson, 2017 681
372 Wilson, 2550 870
2531 ----
26,404 25,611


WEST TENNESSEE.
Benton, 259 .301 McNairy, 906 477
Carroll, 1261 352 M:,)i.'o, 1312 537
Dvi r, 436 206 Obion, 287 357
Fayv. ti, 1140 902 P-rr', 781 343
GL,-.-.n 1272 418 Sh,lii,. 950 681
H,-r Ir,,an, 676 860 Tipion, 573 588
Henderson, 1318 277 Vtkle 528 723
Heirv, 862 1079 -- --
Haywood, 807 576 13,478 .-',1-.7
Lauderdale,t
RECAPITULATION.


East Tennessee,
Middle "
Vc L


-. 19,172
2- 20;,41
13,471

59,054
47,482


13.194
5 F, 11
8,677

47,482


Wih, mai.)rily in the Suiie. 11,572
ht-se counties have not been heard Ifroni.
l h,-e orc fraiiion counnie-A, and viledl v,th l.-,.1
S4-..- ..


Counties.I
Adair,
Allen,
AnIerson,
Bracken,
Bourbon,
Boone,
Butler,
Bullitt,
Barren,
Bath,
Breathitt,
Breckenridge,
Clay,
Campbell,
Carroll,
Clarke,
Christian, I
Cumberland,
Caldwell,
Caillowii,
4 ,osc ,
Carter,
Clinton.i,

Estill,
Edmonton,
F N, Il1e, 1
FP,'.nklin,
Fli ring,

Garrard,
Greenup,
Green,
Grant,
Gallatin,
Grayson,
Graves,
Harrison,
Henderson,
Hardin,
Harlan,
Hickman,
Hopkins,
Henry,
Hart,
Hancock,
Jefferson,


KENTUCKY.
r. V.B. Counties, Har. V.B.
8 376 Jessamine, 552 273
0 377 Kenton, 518 618
2 329 Knox, 690 99
2 279 Lewis, 523 321
6 396 Livingston, 632 478
13 473 Lincoln, 922 182
3 189 Logan, 1223 213
5 253 Lawrence, 335 123
6 732 Laurel, 406 96
5 475 Mason, 1556 564
9 45 Marion, 698 277
9 214 Mercer, 1145 954
3 91 Madison, 1318 391
5 466 Montgomery, 625 390
9 220 Monroe, 478 187
1 199 McCracken, 388 264
0 591 MNloran, 260 318
S 79 N5.-c, 646 151
7 670 Nelson, 1208 324
1 1055 Nicholas, 627 491
2 7 Ohio, 552 252
3 228 Owen, 454 541
4 122 Oldham, 465 480
R 428 Pike, 170 122
D 155 Pendleton, 257 390
D 134 Pulaski, 738 354
5 596 Perry, 185 45
6 434 Russell, 504 77
2 472 Rockcastle, 467 22
3 404 Scott, 729 787
S138 Shelby, 1570 568
9 268 Simpson, 453 178
6 666 Spencer, 483 300
4 220 Trigg, 455 457
6 262 Trimble, 284 404
5 206 Todd, 705 198
4 607 Union, 484 419
1 694 Woodford, 725 294
6 451 Wayne, 579 169
0 524 Whitley, 439 52
8 10 Warren, 997 1437
3 684 Washington, 697 33,
4 481 --
7 845 57,837 32,397
9 303 32,397
4 69 --
0 1707 Har. maj. 25,440


NOTE.-The vote of MNuhlrnburg .,-.,ur,ry ;s not in-
cluded in the above compute tmni, i-,e Sh, riff not hav-
ing returned it in time. It was 652 for Harrison, and
219 for Van Buren.

MISSOURI.


Counties. Har.
Audrain, 132
Barry, 98
Benton, 150
Boo-n 1112
B,i,-lsivrn, 340
Calloway, 881
Cape Girardeau455
Carroll, 112
Chariton, 246
Clinton, 137
Cole, 348
Crawford, 2111
Clark, 240
e,,-r...r, 778
C'.l.lwvi I, 133
Franklin, 355
1J. ,-t ,-,,LI. 1, 36


V.B.
122
436
501
500
1128
626
764
182
391
268
962
264
206
694
154
552
636


Counties. Har.
Morgan, 157
Macon, 374
Miller, 21
Newton, 178
Platte, 459
Perry, 319
Pettis, 156
Pike, 732
Polk, 241
Pulaski, 196
Randolph, 515
Ralls, 400
Ray, 432
Ripley, 15
Rives, 299
St. Francois, 221
St. Genevieve, 170


Gre',n, 171 432 St. Charles, 586 459 C,;,-
Howard, 753 901 St.Louis, 2515 1874 Al'i1a,x r,
Jackson, 427 711 Saline, 375 322 Adams,
Jefferson, 298 321 Sh"II..Y.. 233 226 Bond,
Johnson, 225 374 Ti, r,'., 258 Bureau,
Lafayette, 500 475 Va,, tLr, n, 208 360 Brown,
Lewis, ."r 2 602 Warren, -342 348 Boone,
Lincoln, 1,.2 543 \Vl,-h,...n, 479 514 Clay,
Linn, ,1.1 235 WV:,,n,.o 57 211 Clark,
Livingston, 249 487 Crawford,
NI l,,li-n, 152 275 21,441 28,043 Calhoun,
MN.-,ion, 827 534 21,441 Carroll,
Monroe, 815 618 Cass,
Montgomery, $4 262 V. Buren's maj. 6,602 Cook,
The counties of Clay, Davies, New Madrid, Scott, Ch(ri'Ut,,,n,
and Stoddard, are not officially heard from; but it is .'lnl.,
sipp.- -. their votes will increase the majority to about, Ch.,ni,.in,
I ilHI "l"I '


AdlarJAs,
Allen.
Aehialula,
Aih,-ne,
Belmonl,
Bruwvn,
B roW n,
Biiller,
Carroll,
Chalinp:itgn,
C'ln rk,
Cirrmini,
_"hintun,
Cu'luinbiana,
C 0' i.GI&Qlu,
Cran iifod,
Cuvuh',

Delawivare,
Erie,
F.,iFfiel,J,
Fdy tlle,
Frakr, hlin,
G(alln,a
Ge.uga,
Gre ne,
Guerrn-' tV,
Ha,,ilt,,n,
Hancock,
Hard,n,
lhrr.i-,n,
Hcnry,
Highland,
H,.okinr,
Holmc.,
Huron,
I.,, ki,., ,
J, nTerson,
Knox,
Lake,
Lawrence,
Liclhini',
Logan,
Lorain,
Lucas,
Madison,
Marion,
Medina,
Meigs,
Mercer,
Miami,
Monroe,
Montgomery,
Morgan,
Muskingum,
Ottawa,
Paulding,
Perry,
Pickaway,
Pike,
Portage,
Pieble,
Putnam,
Richland,
Ross,
Sandusky,
Seioto,
Seneca,
Shelby,
Stark,
Summit,
Trumbull,
Tuscarawas,
Union,
Vanwert,
Warren,
Washington,
Wayne,
WilliaiJr ,
Woo-i,


(') H If-)
V B
14:1
-3

l 3i?2
13 0)-2
260-i
1939
31942
1515
1.207
I "2.'7
695
2315
1 00t5
101t)6
365to
*Al09
00t"
I 20o

1071
iti Il
1042
331A
771


53774


10623
376
1739
^1 31)
4? I
1817



IM99
tit 6
1906
1531
785
51 i45
3716



12-11lr-
I--,I 49
653
453
3515
M45
1318
516
571
1128
1436
649
1348
1339
2075
2951
1910
2772
163
155
2097
1187
674
1963
1331
582
4539
2071
917
749
1616
102
3106
1646
335
1787
577
191
1504
1458
3321
407
518

124,1'82


Harrison's imajoii v,
INDIANA


17 ruT. t;,rd
l'rani-nrJ,
Uibson,
Harrison,
Orange,
Posey,
Pike,

CI..,
D.II ns
Greene,
Knox,
Lawrence,
Martin,

Clark,
Floyd,
Jackson,
Jennings,
Jefferson,

Decatur,
Dearborn,
Franklin,
Rush,

Adams,
Alien,
Blackford,
Delaware,
De Kalb,
Fulton,
Fayette,
Grant, r
Henry,
Huntington,
Jay,

Bartholomew
Brown,
Boone,
Cass,
Hendricks,
Hamilton,
Hancock,
Johnson,


Har.
1'305
763
373,
*2194
31 6t;
1n98
21U1
I t77

2044
*AM4
1m4:
36.,11
I m3o
10U9
310"3
13"3
-2361
1321
'463
1130
-A.6
1479
5'410
.4l0

5'i73
693
431
.0O1
191
'2145
649
t-2191
1109

794
2300
2441
1 MI
II11
3357
1574
1868
931
1201
1958
1793
1284
551
2469
1086
3427
1851
4367
230
65
1471
2201
650
2524
2299
401
3331
3081
919
1172
IH<3
L.!i3
955
9'701
*'5fi-2
4101
*2338
946
119
2813
2109,
379s
396
54.

1x,157
1-4,7i
23,375


Birney.
15

95
8
34
*24
r2"
1

391
9
9

3S
19


16
13

14
3
13



I?
1.2

-24
2
';
6
2,
II

13
9
HI
1-il

II
5


7
12
21



5
16
3
4
12
16

I;

1
35
82

3
4

6


8&92


FIRST DISTRICT __
TT. ~- C'uunui,. iibt, 2"6
135 -'21 Perry, 560 '2I
*264 -:-9 Spencer, 5.9 324
7M 594 Var derburg, 62,D 370
1285 861 Warrick, 355 669
708 879 -
706 965 6792 5714
474. 318
SECOND DISTRICT.
398 487 Owen, 709 604
738 509 Putuam, 1571 1049
704 634 Sullivan, 417 1014
1077 658 Vigo, 1511 583
989 898 -
311 366 8425 6803
THIRD DISTRICT.
1132 1278 Scott, 399 361
869 796 Washington, 1138 1381
680 737 --
908 503 6800 6082
1774 1026
FOURTH DISTRICT.
1298 759 Ripley, 1000 623
1771 1583 Switzerland, 1023 735
1188 1115 -
1526 1170 7806 5985
FIFTH DISTRICT.
193 153 Lagrange, 391 225
640 399 Noble, 241 "28
77 147 Randolph, 1068 553
920 532 Steuben, 238 176
177 168 Union, 760 614
241 108 Wabash, 307 198
1090 728 Wayne, 2869 1258
470 364 Whitley, 144 141
1652 839 Wells, 131 140
143 177 -
283 265 12,035 7,418
SIXTH DISTRICT.
, 982 703 Marion, 1636 1279
50 270 Morgan, 1012 815
700 686 Madison, 911 625
649 372 Monroe, 719 943
1190 652 Miami, 312 244
972 688 Shelby, 1016 1070
721 537 -
631 948 11,501 9,832


SEVENTH DISTRICT.
Benton, 26 42 Parke, 1360 948
Clinton, 582 698 Pulaski, 51 60
Carroll, 699 765 Porter, 220 194
Elkhart, 640 596 St. Joseph, 809 444
Fountain, 938 1166 Tippec.iiie, 1508 1200
Jasper, 73 95 Ver,.nillh.:n, 847 663
Kosciusko, 496 339 Warren, 787 347
Laporte, 1069 640 White, 206 144
Lake, 115 125 -
Marshall, 154 194 11,943 9,772
Montgomery, 1413 1222
RECAPITULATION.
Har. V.B. W. maj
Fr-t [Diatinct. 6792 1714 1078
S-c,rid J.d, 8425 6802 1623
Thrd ,ldo. 6900 6082 718
Fourth do. 7806 5985 1821
Fifth do. 12035 7417 4618
Sixth do. 11501 9832 1669
Seventh do. 11943 9772 2171
65312 51604 13,6l1.9
The highest vote for the respective tickets in each
county was taken in making up the above table.
ILLINOIS.


V. B. Har.
424 299
1352 1617
551 513
279 134
434 3 01

338 218
611 667
392 1-21
133 -13
69 244
315 397
1989 1034
147 89
417 326
141 154
69'_, l i'1


Counties. V. B. Har.
Logan, 167 260
Marion, 573 174
Montrgoiiir, 520 311
Macon; 377 250
McLean, 531 683
M,'D.,n,,ugh. 427 472
MNclEnry, 271 346
Menard, 374 434
NlMercer, 193 3155
Mu1or:.n. 1293 1533
MNIjehlill, 183 209
Mhcotit.in, 812 632
MNdilison, 1154 1704
Monroe, 513 370
0i le, 266 191
Ponra, 767 744
Pups, 2614 391


C.
'v


De Kalb, 197 173 Pike, ,1037 1149
De Witt, 316 293 Putnam, 151 259
Du Page, 373 428 Perry, 331 174
Edgar, 720 783 Rock Island, 224 426
Edwards, 212 311 Randolph, 817 715
Effingham, 207 52 Shelby, 751 408
FaYette, t'45 142 Sangamon, 1249 2000
Fulton, 1347 1253 Scoltt, 575 6A5
Franklin, 542 71 Staik, 154 187
Greene, 1175 870 Schuyler, 611 732
Gallatin, 1286i 5M0 Stepben.on, 241 371
Haumilon, 557 126 St. Clair, 1783 987
Hancock, 661 1313 Tazewell, 991 1181
Henry, 810 162 Union. 636 78
Hardin, 132 154 Vermillion, 587 1044
Iroquois, 175 154 Wiabash, 254 509
.Iasper, 178 71 Wavyne, 500 205
Jefferson, 727 210 White, 639 770
.lJohnson, 440 109 Warren, 524 711
Jersey, 360 517 Will, 1367 753
Jo Daviess, 680 1079 Whiteside, 236 375
Jackson, :337 210 Winnebago, 321l 789
Kane, 774 81H Washington, 493 149
Krnox, 541 740 Wdlliatuson, 578 103
Lawrence, 597 676 -
La Salle, 1638 1010 47476 45537
Lake, 267 2k1 45537
Lee, 230 241
Livingslon, 78 85 Dem maj 1939
Birney, the Abolition candidate, received 159 votes

*The *ole of Hancock s averaged in the above


Macomb,
Mackinaw,
Branch,
Wayne,
Eaton,
Ingham,
Bernrien,
Gf'euv-ee,
Monroe,
Waahtenaw,
Kalamazoo,
Calhoun,
St Clair,
La peer,
Oakland,
Saginaw,
Barry,
Vara Buren,
Jackson,
Hillsdale,
Lena wee,
Caas,
St Joseph,
Allegan,
Li' ingaton,
lonia,
Clinlon,
KenI,
Ollawa,
Shiawasse,
Chippevwa,*



Harrinson's maj
Repuitled.


Counties.
Arkansas,
Benton,
COLIWII V,
Cotiway,
Chicot,
Crawforl,
Carrull,
Crillitenden,
Clarke,
Deahes,
Franklin,
Green,
Hempstead,
Hot Spring,
Independence,
Wizard,
J-fferson,
.Jackson,
Johnson,
Lafayette,
Lawrence,
Monroe,
MadLson,


Crawford,
Marion,
Monroe,
O- re ..,
Franklin,
Sea reev,


MICHIGAN.
Harrison. Van Buren.
982 11-24
85 79
513 616
*2-46 '2237
337 '229
254 *261I
5-19 b"
512 380
939 11)0-23
25-26 -s57
954 744
1143 116)
517 446
491 413
2372 2366
89 100
1l,2 105
182 251
1501 1121
843 721
2118 186
670 6
800 761
257 174
700 84-2
266 219
221 144
319 320
81 88
283 151
18

22,911 21,106
21,106

J. ,805


ARKANSAS.
V. B. Har. Counties. V
120 Mississippi,
246 72 Marion,
201 177 Pulaski,
43 191 Pope,
Philips,
223 68 Pike,
61 95 Poinsett,
87 119 Randolph,
78 173 Seareey,
Sevicr,
Saline,
251 210 Scott,
103 55 St. Francis,
193 371) Union,
174 79 Van Buren,
109 173 Washington,
143 107 White,
324 160
25 43
214 138

253 135 V. Buren maj
UNOFFICIAL.
Van Buren. I
347
112
44
60maj
50 "


Abolition.

It
25

II
3
13
1
60
2'7
33

15



76

8
27
I

*2


V.B. Bar.
73 90

499 606
363 183
247 238
87 23
130 4
Q52 45
197 76
135 142
112 32
246 82
173 124
151 '29
620 4-22
46 82

5958 4663

1295
. 1295
Harriaon.


VOTES OF THE ELECTORS FOR PRESI-
S DENT.
Harrison. Van Buren.
Maine, 10
New Hampshire, 7
Massachusetts, 14 -
Rhode Island, 4
Connecticut, 8
Vermont, 7 -
New York, 42
Pennsylvania, 30
New Jersey, 8
Delaware, 3 -
Maryland, 10
Virginia, 23
North Carolina, 15
South Carolina, 11
Geoigia, 11 -
Alabama, 7
Misspaissippi, 4
Louisiana, 5 -
Arkansas, 3
Missouri, 4
Illinois 5
Kentucky, 15
Tennessee, 15 -
Indiana, 9-
Ohio, 21 -
Michigan, 3 -

234 60
OFFICIAL POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESI-
SDENT, 1840.


Ma;ne,
New Hsnimphire,
Vermont,
Massachusetts,
Rhode Island,
Connecticut,
New York,
New Jersey,
Pen nylvania,
Delaware,
Malirvlandl,
Vrginia,
North Carolina,
South Carolina,*
Georgia,
Alabama,
Louisiana,
Misslesippl,
Tennessee,
Kentucky,
'Missouri,
Ohio,
Indiana,
Illinois,
Michigan,
Arkansas,


Harrison.
46,613
25,4I3
3-2,415
72,874
5,213
31,212
*225,81"2
33,351
144,019
5,967
33,533
41,405
46,376

40,261
2,4-71
11,297
19,558
59,054
57,637
21,441
148,157
t75,3032
45,537
-2,911
4,6b3

1,268,752


Van Buren.
46,200
31,919
18,009
51,944
3,263
24,888
212,519
31,031
143,676
4,874
28,759
42,818
33,782

31,921
33,991
7,617
16,995
47,482
32,397
28,043
124,782
51,604
47,476
21,106
5,958

I1,127,053


Harrison's Majority, excluding
South Carolina, 145,695.
The Legislature of South Carolina, elects clec-
lois, ihe itelbre the popular vote of thai State cannot
be aserianned.

D-ICK'S WORKS, cheap.-Complete in seven
Handsome volumcs, contaniny,n
Vol I Dick's Philosophy ofea Future State.
Vol. 2 The Chriaian Philosopher, the Connection
ofScienceand Phdlosophy with Religion; with expla-
natory engravings.
Vol 3 The Philosophy of Religion, an illuLstration
.oflhc Moral Laws ol'the Universe
Vol. 4 Onr, the Improvement of Sociely, by the dif-
fusion ol rational and scientfic'inloimallun among all
ranks wilh mniny engravings.
Vol. 5 Con the'Mental Illumination and moral im-
procnirent ol' Mankind, many engra'ings.
Vol 6 Essdvy on Covetousness.
Vo.l. 7 Celfstial Scenery ofthe Heavens, theWon-
ders oi'tlhe Planetary System displayed; with numer-
ous enfaravine,
HaidsomeYv bound and printed in volumes of 400
pages each; price for theael 4 '25 ; published at 97.
jan 21


Is












From the Baltimore Patriot of Tueadgy. During their stay here, we hope that the mooted.
points in this group will be settled The summit of
ADDRESS OF GEN. HARRISON. Mauna Loo, and its crater examined the height of
In coiequirnre of the intimation by General all the rtmuntains accurately measured; the great table
rio n a th h o a i land and path of Kauli exploit1, anI the harbor ,I'
arrisou B on Saturday that he would address hi t Kanetohe surveyed The Caroline Archipelag.o pre-
fellow-citizense f Baltimoreon Monday, ani en nto almost a new field lbr exploration, and cericinly
o'clock being subsequently designated for the from uis extent, its tnhalbitant, and wonderful remain
purpose, there was, even before the hour named, ut' a farmer rare, one ot great interest
a vast concourse of" people assembled in frontul o' For the tbenefi of our foreign readers we give the
the City Hotel. By ten o'clock, Calvert and "bits" ofnewvsin circulation in town, in regardlo 0the
Fayette trieri, at etilhtr front of the Hotel, and movements ,.i the Squadron. Afier leaving New Zea-
Monument SJquare on the left, were completely landI they rendzvouved at the Tonga Islanmds, where
filled wilh auditors, ready to greet and to hear Ra civil war was raging between the hieathen and
the President elect. The porches, door-ways, Christian partes The former have sin:c proved rie-
torlous
and windows of all the divellings in the vicint- H B NIM. Surveying Ship Sulphur. C'apt Belcher,
ty, were also crowded with the lair of our city of was lately at the Pijis These islands aie three hun
monuments, who, not less patriotic than the dred in numimer, mostly sinall, Itwo as large as Hawaii
rougher sex, were prompt to do honor to the The Squadron spent three months in surp'ving themn,
people's President, and tograce the occasion with Natives itreacherous in the extreme, and the worstl ofl
their presence, cannibals. Came along sde the s cosels, ilev.iuring
A few minutes after Gen. Harrison appeared human flesh. Occasionally eat their own wives and
upon a temporary rostrum which had been flect- children CapturJed a chief, wh:.i ano on board the
ed Ibr the purpose, in front of the hotel. And ,Vincennes, who&even years sce, killed ten of the
crewsat0 an American easel
being introduced, in a few brief and appropriate The Parn misea sentl to scu the crew o' the
remarks, by .1. P. Kennedy, Esq., he proceeded American rhaler Shvlok, e 2,lti) barrels` sperm ofil,
to address tihe vast asseiuhlage. Scarcely ever recently shrpwvretrkeil atinongith, Southern I-lanilm. and
has a larger or more attentive auditory been con- to take'jfl the mies-,'narie from onn, eo lthe islaindsaiT
gregated in thi. square, ie-lebrated as it is for the FiIs group, lho w ere in a very distresseid stua-
Its might gatherings. lon the dhie-fa having ihreat-nedto kill and eat them
General Harrison spoke for about halfan tour. they manifested ant' atmhnrrnce atn, orrefusedtowit-
There was no -ludied display of oratory, and it neps their cannlialic aorgie- She ms not expected here
is quite reasonable to presume, considering the lobr s.me nmelto imoie.
ttie n ctrutan of hi 6 The Vincennes i.nn her way here, discovered and
tire and circumslane- of his visit, no prepara.sureyed some ew Coral.Islands.
lion. He spoke in the free and Iamiliar style o0' O AHU, OC. 10
a republican citizen addressing an assemblage The U S. Iaing Porpoise, Captain Rinog.,,l,1, arri-
of his fellow-citzens : and the language was vred on Wedinesdy, alttir a short ps'age..i' 2 days
appropriate to thii eharacte-r and presence, as the Iromthc Salmon Ilan.1 Ofi.-ersand crew all wll.
sentiments.and principlesevolv'edoravcvowed were A hit il'officers will libie lund in our lastnumber. All
to the true patriot. He bi-gan by declaring his the rvcssels ofith Exploring Siluiadron are now in port,
attachment for the City of Mounuments, and by andl from s-hat we hear, will inake a long stay. 'h-
,etting forth, in concise lerms, but wilh real elo- PcrlPo... a'ter parln. wilh her c.nsorts, returned to
quence and feeling the many titles wh onl' rheue aay W l nss
hadetnhisadfectionathe rgadand ite which shep one of the Fiji Islands to prote.- or take away as the
occasionn il._ hl rquire, ia family ,of'W esleyan mission-
had to his affecionate regard and high conside- nes set led there, whose, lives were supposed to be
rsatit on. endangered by Ithe niiorages. But they preferred re-
Some of the causes for this attachment were inainmrig. hasina hcen ri.omised protection by the old
connected with the events of the Revolution. King Froinm thence, the briigwsent to the Navigator's
For during the darkest period of that seven years' Island.
struggle for national existence, some important SOUTH SEA EXPLORING EXPEDITION.
and responsible duties connected with the de- United States Flag Ship Vincennes,
fence of Bahtimore, had been delegated by Con- Fejee Islands, August 10, 1840.
gress to Benjamin Harrison, the father of the Sir-It becomes my painful duty to report to you
speaker. There wf-., therefore, an hereditarv the death of Lieutenant Joseph A. Underwood and
feeling ot regard for Baltimore. in the breast of Midshipman Wilkes Henry, of the Exploring Expe-
Gen Ilarrnun. and that Ifeling was strengthen- edition, who were treacherously killed by the natives of
ed instead of being V eakened by subsequent cir- the islanrl of Mallolo, one of the Fejee group, on the
curn lanes and events. 2 4th of July, while engaged with others on survey-
ue ul ,lard wthns andaceofewothusadsee
The dislinguished speaker took occasion, in log duty, sr within a distance of two thousand feet
course cf his short address, to vindicate his from a ELrce under Lieutenant Alden, who was in
t course hisshoc address, to vindicate hi harge of ihe party consisting of three boats, four offi-
principles fromt the charge of Federalism, in the cereand thirty men, completing the survey of the
odious sense in which that term had been ap- island, it being the last of the Fejee group to be ex-
plied to him by the officeholders under the pre- amined.
sent administration. And he showed, as we I enclose, herewith, Lieutenant Alden's report de-
think, to the satisfaction of every person who tailing the circumstances.
heard him that thrnughout his long and eventful I was at the time engaged, about five miles distant,
public career-from early youth to the present with the tertr F lyng Fish, making observations up-
hour-his sentiments, his feelings, his associa- onislands in the cmn,tv
tionsand his actions, in whatever capacitI or At ffv- o',Ioc, P f, of the 24th, Lieutenant Al-
lionsden came alongside the Flying Fish with the bodies,
trust had been those of a democratic republican and reported the circumstances to me. I then pro-
-a friend to human rights, and at no time the ceeded to Mallolo for the purpose of making arrange-
oppressor of the people, ments for avenging their deaths, and inflicting upon
The venerated patriot and statesman was ear- the naties a severe chastisement for their outrageous
nest in his counsels to his fellow citizens, to keep conduct, and disposed of the boats around the island,
a vigilant eye upon the conduct of those who so asto prevent their escape from it during the night.
are or should be entrutee' with the administra- On the 25th I performed the melancholyduty olin-
tio of the General Government. Nuh and 'terring the remnair, of the two officers upon an unin-
long and continued power va dangerous to the a rted island, t.-n miles distant from Mallolo; after
ehwich, on being joined by the Porpoise, I returned and
principles of its possessor, and of consequence lanled rmn thelattei island, on the 26th, with all the
it must be dangerous to the liberties of the go- force at my dip,,,al, and commenced an attack upon
verned. These liberties were only tobeuartded the towns ol Suileb and Arra; the former, being well
and preserved by unceasing vigilance. The ne- fortified by ditches, stockades, etc. after the Fejee
cessity and importance of ihis watchfulness of msede, offered resiitan',.r with their'muskets, spears,
those in power, On the part of the citizens, andclubs; but both were soon overcome, the whole
were strongly enforced and not less eloquently reduced to ashes, many warriors killed and wounded,
illustrated by the s.peaker. and their property and provisions destroyed. Among
Some of his illustrations o thlie tenacity and those killed, were the chief nd principal actors in the
attack upon the officers,
fervor of the love of Pow-- epeciallythat of No injury was sustained on our side, except by two
the suiter for the smiles and the lore of the fair, of themen who were slightly wounded, and all were
when we consider the .presence-were exceed- safely (mbarke.l at ,urs(t.
ingly happy and well chosen. And in giving a On the succeeding day I received a message from
practical glimpse of his views of Government, the natives on shore, through our interpreters, toge-
the declaration in favor of emancipating the their with all the articles taken from the deceased,
officeholders, from the moral thraldom by which begging forpeace; but as I desired to make the lesson
they were now bound, hand and foot to the men aseffeetive as possible, I refused until they had begged
Sin power, was heard and greeted with an out- padon, and sue,] fur nif rcyv, after the Feire cuslom I
powe, ws hardandgreeed ~lhau ut-so mnf-wrmed the-m, and landed witlh our ', ,rcc It)o aal!
break of general approbation. The veteran and soi nfiirine f h' iem, an landed S-u our vt,.rc ti'r
S belovlwed chief in closing his short address retired of tetirinclaien approachedia In the rioi, sup
amidst a round of the moet heartfelt applause, p i casting manner, upoii their hanls and krn, as-. eg.
going pardon, and suing for mercy; at the same time
EXPLORING EXPEDITION, giving us the most positive assurance of theirfutare
good conduct towards the whites, upon which it was
Extract of a letter from an officer attached to the granted; w ith the further condition of their supplying
Expediuon, to his frTnd in this city, dated at Oahu,1 s witI wood, water, and fruit on the succeeding day.
Sandwich Islands, 18th Oct. 18-I) After which, I liberated a chief who had been capto-
"You may have hearil of the Mallo massacre and red the preceding day, receiving many promises Tom
mpunishmenlt-I now addlawordinexplanaiion While him no-ser agr,in to permit our countrymen to be mo-
in survey of the isle, some of the officers, Lieutenant Icsted
UNDEaWOOD and Midshipman HENRY, landed from I flattermyself the whole affair has terminated not
one of the boats to buy provisions, a hen the natives only in suitably avenging the death of the officers, but
attacked and murdered them.' The f-illowing day intticting an exemplary punishment, tempered with
Lieut. Comd't'RiNo-u,D o, in the Porpoise, camein from mercy, and a due regard to its beneficial effects, upon
outside, landed with sixty men, and met the natives at the whole group of the Fejees, by convincing them
the threshold. They were strongly inclosed in an In- that treacherous acts will not go unpunished; and I
geniouasly constructed tol as perhaps exists any where, have reason to believe has had its beneficial effect upon
being almost entirely inmpervioum to a musket ball, atd the natives of the group.
defended themselves against an attack with fiue arms, It is difficult former to surmise the cause which led
bets, s.pears, clubs and arrows. We were tho much to this melancholy catastrophe, as no satisfactory one
for them, however, and after killing two chief and could be obtained from the natives who survived. It
many natives, they fled. The town and fort we soon ahaeoginad from a desire on their part to o-
after burned, and then proceeded and laid waate the Isle. lain the ficw articles of traffic which Lieutenant Un-
The next day peace was concluded. The officers derwood had. The attack commenced, as is their cus-
murdered were exceedingly fine young men, and the tom, upon the officers. The escape of the hostage at
event cast a gloom over all our joys raised by the suIc- the moment, is to hbe regretted, and renders it possible
cessful termination of the survey, that the attack was somewhat premeditated by the na-
"Since leaving S'dney, nine months eego, we have tives, encouraged in part by' the over confidence of the
been but few days in port, yet all are wall an id not a party, that noattack or treachery would be attempted
case of sickness of any kid, much less scurvy.-- upon so large a force.
Baltimore American. It is a source of much satisfaction that the bodies of
-r-ind heN o. Jra of Commerce. the deceased were so por, nply .recovered, and a suita-
N PwY or m l t.ble opportunity afforded of paying them every mark of
VERY LATE FROM THE SANDWICH IS- respect, in their interment upon an island of a small
LANDS. group, which had not then been named. I therefore
ARRIVAL OF THE EXPLORING EXPEDITION. called the former "Henry' s Island," and the latter
By 7al of Mazatlan, (Mexico) we have received a Underwood's Group," as a testimonial of our regard
Ale of the Polynesian, pub listed at Honolulu, Sand- In bearinged testimony to the valuable services zeal
'wich Islandsr to the 24th of October. The dates rar and abilities evinced at all times by these officers, I
nearly two months later than our previous advices. have in common with all, to lament deeply the loss,
They inform us of the arrival of the American Expho- which not only their relatives and friends, but the





rIng ou oExp aleditio n ba, wt ayprieula rsea rend e aqin loiWia re B h eoddyatr
ori Expeononr, with ninny paularsuresp country and the expedition has sustained in their de-
its movement in the Pactzie Ocean, wlntch are suab-.cae
joine.I take leavc ao el, oresd my satisfaction of the activi-
Anfriend of ours has reined a letter from an officer t r anh zeal ditt[,laed by Lieutenant Commandant
of the Vincennee, hated Hlnolulu,, Oct. '23d The Roggie. tte .ig.al' rfir,, and the crews of the Porpoise,
writer says--" We~n ace remaining out another year be- FI1',tng Ft-h arnd three I-oats from this ship of the Pea-
tween :hts and the Capeof Gaul Hope, so do not loak cok, who were engaged in the attack ; ahso, of their
for us until May, 1t.42. The Lausanne will sail for strict observance of the orders to protect the woman
New York ira two weeks." and children from harm.
HONOLULa October 3. Shortly after my arrival in the Feajee group, I was
After six mouths uf continued expectation, loe convinced that the natives were not to be trusted un-
Esploring Squtdron hiss reached our shreds Many der any circumstances, and requiredthat all belonging
ofus hats lIoked winh mre than ormndiary interest o to the expedition should be armed when visiting the
the pertod ol" their arrival, as one swhich would bnn shore.
The our homes valued trends, relatives, add acquaint. Ialso iusld anater l the second day\aftr my
arcsl, whom Io meet again in this far distant spot p arrival atoveltcabl, to all cngamr.. in boat duty among
our common country, wuuld gives pleasure. such as the isl ERs, an extract c.f us hIih is annexed; and I
those alone can tell" who have eapermenced simmiar re- an conrumlernt that strict attention to this order during
unions. To them, also, it must have been an event of the three imooths we have been so arduously engaged
equal interest The long expected news fromlore in sur tifng all to tr.rs o" this extensive group, has pre-
tidmrgs of parents, wives, ehdiren, and friends fo vened the eo,'urrenceli'many other serion s accidents.
weal or woe, the homes or fears vhich were here r'c he I have the honorlto he, sir,
realized, the enjayments of' rest and socemty, all coniri- Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
baited to render this place the haven nfmiu-:h cherish- CHARLES WILKES,
ed desire. Our best wishes attend them, and Hoy Jivmmar dn K EPmtj orinxpeiton
their visit be one of uniningled aatis~et'acinTohe[onJttKPtLl,
"TThe brilliant success which has already s-rowsned Secretary of the Nav y. Wastiington
the labors of the U. S Exploring Squadron must prove
a source of true joy. and pride Ia every ARmericsnan, ans 5rs Grsr a. H ,rnast'..a --As thi,. l'n.Ir is soon
reflects the highlest honor upon the untirng zeal soil expected to ac-upy' "ibm-e \Vhie Hous,." at WVasim-."
perseverance of those engaged in the enterprise No ton, any thing retaitng to her histor',, willI be gal
better refuta~tion of the many alanders, which have ifl to ilte t~ubhc. 't~


been so freely circulated at home in regard to the e- A ticr th. severe an. de'prrrl- battlee t.f the Miami,
peduition, could be presented than the results of the in 1T,4, ain the Journal ofl'Comiii,,ree, ';en Wayne
past year. Tlhat an enterprise so great in ilsell, so went lat li. Atiarntt.- Slrtrs IFann.( L'altin Hdrries-r,
imiltd in time, and embracing the globe Ior its field of in command of Fort Wiehingrior, now' (i0imcnani
labor, could be perfect in all its details, or that it will The next tear (-iaiinm Harris...n n.arr.l the daugh.
liave nothing fat lfulure explorers to do, can only hlie ter Of Judge J.,hn 'ete VSVmT --wh. i, was born at
expected hy those whose iiuorance Uofthe subject can Riv.-rhrad, Lng I-land, anJ removed in tidrly life to
be their whole apology. The experience acquired tiy New Jirsey, hliere hie niarrl.d the dal.iulter of Gov.
this one will afford lust reason f.r greater exp.-ctatin Wlliam Li ingm,.n, and v, so-in mit li lonee of the
forolthers, should any hereafter line ent for li upon the As-..caie Judge, ofthi Supreie C'ourt fIl'that State.
same mission. But sufficieLnt has already been ac- In '17i7 hi. beramie pr,,prolol oflIh., ihami purrhae"
compliahed to indicate it. honor, and to prove its use. ol near niiliun ofarcr.-o, and rrnrscII l.th-, C.L: nlrv.
fulness MrIsa. H-rlris-n c.a lu.--aed at East l-amnp[.n,
Ithe discovery of the great Arniir.tic Continent, Long Island, nnd when v..oung was eptiemed a lady of
which Cuoolk sought for in vain, and in consequrnrce great personal and menial a.-nimplihshments. A writer
disbelieved in iLd existence, will ,or isellf immortalize lor the National Puorlra, G4ll.rv Ior lrI3i, thus speaks
IP, and the last four monriths deoted to the survey of of her. "She is dibstingui,hel Atr her hene',hlen.-e and
th : Ftij and nemghboring islands, the importance of piety; and all who know her, view her wivh esteem
which wealluded to in a former numLer, wll eventu- and affection Her whole rciurse throu Ih life, in all
ally be of great benefit to the marinner and merchant, its relations, has been charactertzeid tivy those ual fi.
besides fully developing the natural history of the cautions that complete the character of an accomphl-h
group. ed matron."-.Y. )' Times.


Prom the Boston A. as.
THE TARIFF.
We make the following exilract from a record of the
debate in Congress on Saturdilay last, Ifr the purpose
of expresirng uur entire coincuirrnce wiih the views
expressed by Mr CusBING We have no doubt that
he hascorrectlV gaien the sentiments ofl the people of
New England. They do not ask nor expecL any such
hollow ar,d inflated protection" as certain eTffeininate
but ilachieoua politicians, for sE-iniater purpsei, fen
ture toa-seil. 1 he bubble which the South blew up
for us come years ago, did not burst in our eyes with-
oul improving their viBion. Our manufacturers ha'e
lng been sattified Ithat any hothouse culture torn
Congress, i. sure Il be iblh.wed by an eager and nip-
ping 'roAt Southern Loco-Focos, who are willing to
travel a inile out of the vsa' to "kick a sheep," but are
always ready to "go to the death for their sugar,"
may be assured that all the vital arteries of N En-
land's prosperity do not pues through uineneck, whkh
:nav be seere.l at a blow Our trelng, interestssand
sensibilities, are not narrowed d.:.wn to one rest sta-
ple, or to a single brunch of industry 1We do not,
like the South and Paganini, pride ourselves on play-
ing all urt lanes upon one stiriien The great inle-
ress of' AGtICULTURE, of CoMtceRs. and the Fii.HE-
Ri"s, engage equally with Manuiactures, the riten-
tion arnd slipp,.i of the people ofl Massachusetis. Ih
i6 r,,t the deirte Olf thi\ 1,,lilicasl community to impart
a fitful and unnatural impulse to on,.' brant h of it rdue.
try, o a lo gihe ii n uidJue pieponderance over oth-
ers, l which the clhiannels of" trade and capital are iu.
be diverted from their native courses. Neither are we
prepared to fold our hands in passive indifference, hnl
behold one gr.at interest of the country wanitonly
trampled unler ioi. WVe do not ask nor expect any
favoritism in legislaiion ; equal protection and equal
support is due Irom ihr G-neral Government. to the
diversified interests of every section of the country,
and we are glad Mr. Cushing has taken an early op-
portunity to correct certain erroneous notlione upon
this matter, which have been induatitouily rirculat,-d,
tour injury. Stumporahmr in onime parietthe Na-
tion, have described Mass.chii4rlts a eminsg one mam-
.i.,,lth M~niifoir.'ry, iu which all our people were .pc<
r1,i'l w, m1stru..lilng for a high proi-etlive tariff, a. a
kind of trades's union, to increase w,,g.-s!
There is one other topic on which we desire to
make a ;ngle remark, ani that is the project of altew
Usaited ani>t, Bank. We ubserve thIt the rump of
the Loco Foco faction, are iltdllering thenielvpes with
the expectation that the North is going to embarrass
the Administration, by bringing this forward as a fa-
vorite measure, and urging its adoption. We have
no idea that it will do amy nevrh thing. ITf ihe Southern,
Western and Middle i-'..te' ire sulfficienil convinced
of the necessity of having such a rIgulator uf the cur-
rency, and desire such a N.tinil inIsttiliii'n, it is not
probable that the North will offer an 66 ri,.,u` ..pposi-
tion. If, on the contrary, they wish iu hae Ithe mat-
ter remain where it is, we are equally content. Ex-
perience has shown that it is not more indispensable
to us than to them, to have a pill',r lo Itati azair,it
for our moneyed institutions hare recently shown tha6i
they are able to keep on their feet, when those in dif-
ferent sections of the country have fallen, and con-
tinue prostrate. When these f-el a disposition to rise
from the dust, and find i inlisptrnsable to have some
such staff to aid and sustain them, they x ill protbatly
act in the premises. In the meantime, as the Utlu..'et
is enveloped in difficulties, touching the point of lIfa.
tion for such an institution, and other important con-
siderations, and although there may be some approa-:h
to unanimity ofopinion in its favor in the seaports aind
other marts of trade, yet as a majority of the people do
not seem disposed to agitate the matter, we do not an-
ticipate any general movement in relation to it from
this quarter. "Rest! perturbed spirits!"
Mr. Cushing desired to say a word in regard to the
opinion, real or supposed, of the North upon the ques-
tion of the Tariff.
It is simply this, (continued Mr.C.) as I believe, and,
I may say, as I know. We wish for a tariff because
the alternative, we think, is direct taxation. We wish
for a disieimirnaing tariff, for the alternative is, that
all tbhe inititisrts of the country would be thrown
naked, .hrua.l, bare, and defenceless to the world, un-
less there wei e such duties for the protection of the in-
terests of the United States against foreign compEtilion
and assault. But wve ildo not want a high proturlie
tariffnith extrtrag.ant Jutics; and %e protest against
Ihe ila tliichI ha",got road during this debate that
an' pr'rposili.Jn lor it hIas c..,,e at all from the East.-
W Ihiher we are parlirs or not to the Compromise Act;
whether we are ready or desnous to depart from it, is
a ,ee..,idar question We dWe sire heartily, anxiously,
and cordially, a policy of conciliation-of just regard
for the welfare of the whole United States-a policy
of compromise, such as our fathers transmitted to us
in the Constitution of the United States. And the
position of my own State at this time, I will add, is
peculiarly one of balanced interests; and we stand
upon this flonr with balanced views-neither with ex-
iremie thereiicil opinions on the one hand, nor with
extro-le i-t I'31' interest on the other, to rrlisuide- us
-6m, w. hIN.bta.-d sss..so $,Qeais.s
balanced inteieatson lh.- Land tQuestion, and lalarcedJ
interests on the United States Bank Question. And
at a proper time I desire to be permitted to explain
these views in detail; which it would be trespassing
on the indulgence of the gentleman from New York
(Mr. Vanderpoel) to attempt to do now. I am only
desirous now simply to state my own knowledge of the
views of my own State-to deny that we are for bring-
ing ultra tariff notions before the country. It is not
true. We are content with such a revenue from cus-
toms as will meet the wants of the Government, and
such a revenue properly applied in the terms of the
Constitution will afford sufficient incidental protection
to guard our interests, and, in our opinion, will be for
the interest of the whole United States.
Mr. Thompson, of Mississippi, was understood to
inquire of Mr. Cushing what he meant by discrimi-
nating duties-being, as ihe (Mr.C.) had expressed him-
self, opposed to a high protective tariff !
Mr. Cushing. I willtell you. By lacriminaiing
duties I mean this: duties imposed for ihe Ip.urpsrs oi-
revenue, but so apportioned as to guard and promote
the domestic interests of the country. And I will il-
lustrate my meaning by reference to ort,. ',f tlhe great
topics of discussion now before the com,nniteiie. A pr-
position has been made that there be duties on winer-s
and silks, and that proposition is repelled t,. ge'fitlemren
from the South as if it were injurious to irh-ni say
to all gentlemen of the South, if you Jo_ nt want du.
ties upon luxuries, i do not want dutie- upon lu iuses
If you are content that the whole of the rev-nue shalt
be levied upon necessaries-for the protection olf tb.e
iron of Pennsylvania and the coal of Virrnia, and the
manufactures of the East-if, I say, v.ou de-ire tllsi
so be it. I have not a word to sav. WVe do not press
upon you atax upon luxuries, but we ha.e intioiulted our
willingness to concur with you in a tax upon luxuries.
If you repel it, be it so. We are then thrown hack
upon that which is the existing law, under which rev-
enues of the United States are raised by taxes upon
articles of agriculture, mining, manufacture, or the
sea, producible in the United States and th, pro.lutii...n
of the industry of the United States. That ii a dis
criminating duty-and that, in a moderate degree,
maintains the interests of all parts of the United State.n,
provided it be in no degree beyond the wants of the
General Government. That is all I desire. Of the
90,000 of my constituents, 30,000 are engaged in ma-
rine or other commerce, 30,000 in manufactures, and
30,000 in agriculture. That is a specimen ,f Miasa-
chusetts, whOse balanced interests, as I understand
them, impose upon me a duty of conciliation and of
moderation, claiming of Congress a just and states-
manlike administration of the constitutional powers ol
the Federal Government in the interests of the wh,..
Union, and asking no more.

Messrs. Adams and IJ tse.
The Homeric lines, elicited Il. the scene in the
House, between the venerable a s. Pre.idien and Mr.
Wise, are conjectured to be from the classic pen of'
Mr. Stansbury:-Rich. Whig.
On the Scene between Mr. Adams and ]Itr Wise.


As awful Jove, from great Olynmpua height,
Beholds, on Troy's red plain, the God.- at tighI,
And, l,ul inmplord., reluses Lu ljcide
The ,Lvtring %ictiry to either i.le-
So mighty CASEY, from his crimson sky,*
Looks down serene, anrd with i.iparlial tvo
Views, far below, the dut, and tririle and rage,
And deadly closing shock of Y1." th anrd..46e
Yo,,!h, h,i.Ill,ng, s-ift, but generous in is ire,
Straiti uhls it. is mark, like Heas'n'sr o n fire;
Age, slow, relentless, lakes ,ts murdi.rus aim
And burns unquenchable, like Hell's black 0line.
But lo! the force of honor's saciI d tie
To chain the. ant, i h.a rari had rEarred on higlh
Touched by hi-. waning atrengih-lis sileer hair,
His years-his horipurspbat, isb revteind air-
Youth midway checks his fury's hot career,
And his eye glisti i wilh tiht sudden Icar,
Down drops his uleIss tliade Ic flAds his h.r,d.l,
And self-disarmed brighr Honr.r's captive atijldi-'
Admiring gods, adiiiir in imet,, trhhl,.
Earth can no more, nor Heav'n its plaudia h1old-
RounrI.l trte gla.J knAt ithe gathering thunder-' r.il,
While anreseiing shout, return Iroo ienthei pIt '

CAsxv was in I the chair. The galleries
t The clapping. I The applause in thrt
Hou e.

Mr. Samuel Ennis, the editor of the Eastern Argus,
cormitled suicide on Monday laul


THE LOG CABIN.
New Series for 1811--Tea Copies for Teu Dol-
lars.
On the 5th day ol Decenmber, 1840, the subscriber
commenced the publication .-.f a S'ecornd S, r;. s of the
LoG CABilN-a journal of which from 4l0,llO up to
8U,l)100 copies were circulatedi during the Presidential
contest of imiO. It will libe cornllued t;.r one year
from the date of is reoniniencemt rmt, and, if then dis-
continued, the last number will b, delayed a week so
as tI. contain Gin Harrison as Annual Message to
Congress.
The Log Cabin was originally established as an
adocae ,f the principles and measures of NATIONAL,
RrroC.atM on which a majority of the People of the
Union comiLbined their efforts and put forth their strong-
est energies tois n-rthrow the anti-republican Admin-
istration of Mlartin Van Buren. Of those princi-
ples and measures it remains and will continue an ar-
dent, inflexible supporter. It advocates a Retrench-
ment of the National Expenditures, a Limitation of
Executive Patronage and Sway, a rigid regard to
Principle in removals from any Worth in Appoint-
ments to Office, Moderation in the exercise of Pow-
er, and a primary regard in all things to the wishes and
welfare of the people.
The Log Cabin is published every Saturday, and
contains-on the first page, a condensed account of
the most important Debates in Congress and other
Political matter of general interest; on the second,
Editorial strictures on National policy and proposed or
pending Political measures, with a summary of Elec-
tions, State Legislation. &c.; on the third page, Do-
mestic and Foreign News, carefully condensed and
lucidly presented; on the fourth page, literary and
Miscellaneous Readings, extracts from New Works,
&c., generally of a solid and practical character. Very
few Advertisements will at any time be admitted.
All the numbers of The Log Cabin from the com-
mencement of the present Series Will be forwarded to
new subscribers who desire them. They contain the
President's and Governor's Messages, the Official re-
turns by States and Counties of the late Election for
President compared tilii those of 83-l., a summary
of the Debates in Congreas, and such other matter
whichis deemed worth' of pr-ertatin. The size
of the paper is not inconventmnt for binding.
THE LOG CABIN is published every Saturday morn-
ing on a fair royal sheet, and regularly mailed to sub-
scribers by ":;d.Pi .' ails.i It is compactly filled with
interesting and instructive matter and intended to be
no wise inferior in interest and value to most of its
more extended coirmpi,.rtrie" It is afforded to sub-
scribers at $1 50 for the whole year, four copies for
Five dollars, or ten copies for Ten Dollars. To those
who wish no back numbers, it will be sent from this
time forth for $1 25 a sir le -.'p:, .:-r lars. Subscriptions are r,'pe.ii.l ullv solicited by
H. GREELEY.
New York, Feb. 11, 1841-3w

SPLENDID LOTTERY.

CAPITAL PRIZES.
50,000 Dollars-25,000 Dollars-15,000 Dollars-
10,000 Dollars.
Fourteen drawn numbers in eachpackage of 26 tickets.

UNION LOTTERY,
By authority of law, for Internal Improvement in A-
lexandria, D.C. State Treasury, Delaware Col-
lege, and Common Schools, in the State of Dela-
ware. Useful Manufactures" in the State of South
Carolina. Green and Pulaski Monument in the
City of Savannah, and State of Georgia. Public
Institutions in the States of Louisiana an.l Ken-
tucky.
Class No. 1, for 1841.
To be positively drawn at Alexandria, D. C., on Sa-
turday, March 6th, 1841.

D. S. GREGORY & CO. Managers.


Prize of
-
1
I-
1
1 -
1 -
2 prizes of
4
20
20
20
40
50
100
100

128 -
128 -
128 -
128 -
128 -
5056 -
28224 -
34,412 prizes.


GRAND SCHEME.
$50,003 is
25,000
15,000
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
5,172
4,000 are
2,500 -
2,000 -
1,000 -
S 600
500
250
200
150
80
70 -
60
50 -
40
30
15


$50,000
25.000
15,000 -
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
5,172
8,000
10,000
40,000
20,000
12,000
20,000
12,500
20,000
15,000
12,800
10,240
8,960
7,680
6,400
5,120
151,680
423,360
$912,912


Whole Tickets $15--Halves $7 50--Quarters 93
75-Eighths $1 87.
Certificates of Packages of26 Whole Tickets $200 00
Do. do 26 Half do 100 00
Do. do 26 Quarter do 50 00
Do. do 26 Eighths do 25 00
It is seldom so rare a chance is offered to the Pub-
lic as the above magnificent scheme presents; those,
therefore who desire to avail themselves of the oppor-
tunity of adventuring in it, will do well to send their
orders early.

KlrOrders for tickets and Shares or Certificates of
Packages in the above Magnificent Lottery will re-
ceive the mostprompt attention, and an official account
of the drawing sent immediately after it is over to all
who order from us.
D. S. GREGORY & CO. Managers,
feb13-lawd&cWashington, D. C.
feb 13--lawd&c

S ALE OF VALUABLE PROPERTY.-By
virtue of a deed of trust, recorded in liber W. B.,
No. 60, folios 216, 217, 218, 219, of the land records
for Washington county, in the District of Columbia,
and for the purposes mentioned in the said deed, I
shall on Saturday the 6th day of February next, pro-
ceed to sell, at public auction, to the highest bidder,
for cash, one full undivided third part of lots num-
bered 1,2, 7, 8, 9, 12, and 13, in square 219, as laid
down and distinguished on the plan of the city of
Washington.
This valuable property is in the neighborhood of
St. John's Church, the Presi.lent's House, and the
Executive offices. A plat of it is left with the Auc-
tioneers. The title is believed to be unquestionable,
but such only will be conveyed to the purchaser or
purchasers as is vested in the Trustee.
Sale to be made at 4 o'clock, at the auction rooms of
E. Dyer & Co. Terms at sale.
PHILIP R. FENDALL, Trustee.
EDWARD DYER & CO.
jan 9-ts Auctioneers.

II The aboae sale i' postponed to Saturday the
t;th nit'March next, same hour and plaee.
Terms of sale Cash.
P. R. FENDALL, Trustee.
EDWARD DYER & CO.
feb 6-lawts&dts Auctioneers.
ENUINE MADEIRA WINE.-The subscri-
bers are prepared to receive and execute orders for
genuine south side Madeira Wine, under thIe brand of
Symington & Co. From the connexion of this house
with HENRY VEITCH, Esq. till lately and for many
years English Consul General at Madeira, and sole re-
presentative of the old and substantial firm of Scott
Pringle, Veitch & Co., perfect reliance may be placed
.:.n ilordcrrbt.einN I'fihfullv executed. Thelatecargo
it" Julia, from Maldeira, consisting of 356 pipes, hogs..
heads and quarter casks of wine, the whole being im-
ported for orders, is referred to as a sample of the qua-
lities and prices from this house.
GRANVILLE S. OLDFIELD,
Lombard street, Baltimore.
SEMMES & MURRAY,
jan 9-tf Washington.

UIDE TO THE NATIONALEXECUTIVE
OFFICES, by Robert Mills, Architect Public
Building, ic.ntaiaining engrarvel Diagrams, designat-
ing ihe seer'-l Exse-'uie Buldrinm. I heir relativepo-
simin Bureaus, arnd officers Routi,, and also the
C..mmi'"r,> Rooms in the Capitol.
Price,' Ncents. Just published [1841] and thii.,,,
received for sale by F. TAYLOR. f, 1,. 13
UR FUTURE POLICY.-By 0. A. Brown-
S son, editor of the Boston Quarterly Review.
Also, by ilie same writer, De fenceof the Article on
the Lalorirg Classes"' wlhih appeared in the Bos-
ton Quart rly Retiew.
Jlu.t published [in pamphlet] and this day received
fosaleb' F TAYLOR. feb 13


letLnt--uv fth 'ontgrtss. ed his remarks concerning the gentleman from Ohio
SCOND. SESSION.. (Mr GIPmIs ) He never, didin thought, word or
_________ _____ deed, charge in the Wrh'g party what the gentleman
OIi SE OF REPRESETATIN assumed he did But on thie gentleman from Ohioand
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. others, whom he had seen converting with him; who
WEDNESDAY, Feb. I0 l-l41. alte Whigs-bul not on the Whig party.
Mr W. THOMPSON was glad lhecorrection had
Mr. CLARK, u' Nevw Y rk, Iwho had been unwell been maiTer
for some weeks, and l.r which reason he had nt pre. nm IGGS ro o mov an rer ofih House
alo"i hai oPre. ll BRIGGS roErto move an order ofile House.
tuush presented itii on lea c, pies.i.itl the ltettiln ort Mr PE. K w,shl,el the motion pending, relative t
.John lndall ,mind .i' hai ,,rk, urii...liaH.tim, lie rtl.rence ti Bill trom-the (on.mittee on. Pub-
deceased, late Colieer., f [he rt-vcnie 1111he 1'.101 ;'ecnf :Silfomh onmteorPb
dec ioeased, late l',,lrc"r "1 threnie in rhe lili lihe L,r,,.l, be Inakpn-and was proceeding to give his
Collection Disti. .,l Nin, YoNrk. RcierlEd to the viws, wh.,n the SPEAKER said, iho hour for the
Committee on the Judiciary. '.p, ri.al or.Jr h.d artyied.
Leav,- was akedt.y vral menibers,tlo present pe- The- order ofl.red bty Mr BRIGGS was aboul to
titions, &- s tll ,h'.s, re rejevied, tl'jrciion being miad. he real, wh-en
Mr. TILLINGHAS'-, on le.,, prrsnrt,-d tile re. Mr. SMI.TH of M Ne,asked if it wasin order-ifit
solution of ihe LeLii-lature of Rhode slalnd instru'l- was not, lie .btjected IO .Ls .realing.
ing their s.-n.,,..rs anI reueatn,4 Ihsr Rel|res-nta. The order was then eo.pted, as tf.llows.
tivesin .oiitr~ .s, i. a vii, 1 r i ht |i.,'sage oLf a law, de
Signating tl,, ,atu, Ja Ihroughout Ihe Urilted States, Resolved, That the Ilerk initrm the Senate, that
slr Ihe Lhio.i E.-if..h.,ra tf Pr,.otlin :.n d Vice Pi- the House t now realdyo rei'etehe Senate, and to
sident of the United Slates, which;, ,.n motion of Mr. pr.e,-l in .opemngt ih, e, certlicat., and in counting the
T., was laid on the tatier, and nrdmhred to be printed, flhtei -1 the Ekcdi.r l or Praident and '.ice Presideni
Mr. ANDREWS, ofl Keniu.-kv, isked leave to of- if he United Statis.
fer tile f.llo ing ,-,.,luioii i Mr. WV. COS F JOHNSON asked leavI to offer
Resoird, l't.t at 3 o clock, l-mnorrow, the debate a rcs...luli.:.rn-a'lmiiinrg Ludies ito the H11al l' the
on thebill "'.niatin.a pprpriaitomn for the payment of H.uue. during lIt lntIo that the votes were being
Srevoluti.,nar aid ..ihe r penti..h]rs of tlie U ltird counted.
States for the year 1841," in Committee of the Whole Which was gLbjctid to-
on the state of the Union, shall cease, and that at that The House t len in C..inr-idence with the Senate,
time, the committee shall proceed to v te upon said proceeded to clurit the utcs fobr President and V'ice
bill and such amendments us nmay be offered thereto, Presaidini. (An accuunti of which will be seen in
and shall then report said .'ill niil such amendments ',noth. r colinin
as may have been agreed to, by tie coninitlLee, to the And at three o'clock adjourned
House.
Which resolution, 'cing objected to, Mr. A. moved IN SENATE.
a suspension of the rcl- lor ito reception, which mo-
tion was carried: yeas 114, nays 11. Tt'rH.Av, FEr'asv 11, 1841.
Thus the rules were suspended. REMOVAL OF THE SEAP OF GOVERNMENT.
Mr. ANDREWS then modified the resolution, Ii- Tht fllovsing mennirials and petitions were pre-
miting the time to twelve o'clock, meridian., senteat .Il inp and ttlion .el, referred:
Atthesuggeti,n..fiMNr PEI-'K,a lfarliermo],hicalion B n," 'APPAN 'From numerous citizens of
was received, authorizing the coninuitv le o report arid J, ti aing that the seat oflhe general GoVerniien
bill before that time it r.tJ to do so. be.reno,d tnio mclnnai
Mr. A. then called the previous question on the Asod to rcinn fil e
adoption of theresolution, which was sustained by the ton ofr the inleitendsne of Ohioa pain he rec'g-
House. Bli othl he move peliendenre ol ain the tbe.
The main question was then carried, and the reso- Bth hr boERRIli'K Fereom in'bilant of George-
lutlona- ,in.Jiha-a. a. pitel B Mr MEKRR.-K Front inhabllantsol'George-
lutionla- mi,,,d~i&d sea- a&optettoxtn, and 4 ,izins ,taesiding west of Rot k Creek, ask-
Mr. BANKS, of Virtnia, askcd leave to offer a In' in ,r-allwdto recedie t, lthe StateRof Maryleand.
resolut:..n dirichng the urnmmitcp ,..n Post Officesand 13 Mr. W RIG H T. From citizen s OfNew aork,
Roads to inquire into the expedi.:-..N of est.l.4i.hirm. a B)" I1 f m nu lw
Ciragecursy, ~, ~I. g.~tnM Ili.' p.assage. of a permanent bankrupt law
mail route from Gordonsville, BIrangecourlyhM By Mr NIC tl.-ILAS From the Nashlule Rail-
ison Court House, Va. road Company, asking an extension of time in laiLng
Which was objected to, and down railroad iron.
Mr. B. moved a suspension of the rules for its re- r BUCHANAN: Frm citizens of Penn-
cept ion-which motion failed. B a lir BrUCHANAta Frm citie. of Penn
Mr. LEET asked leave to present and have referred 'I'na, in relation to a mail route.
the petitions of Benedict Reynolds and William Ste- THE PRESIDENT ELECT.
phenson, of Washington county, Pa., which were ob- By Mr. PRES TON, from the Juinl f'onitrile
jected to. app..intr,.d in Ihe p,.irt of the Senate to wait on War.
Mr. LEET asked leave to offer a resolution setting HeRsV I ,RaiR ... N._,fOhio, andi ini orni him ofIhiselec-
apart the morning hour of this day to the presentation lion to the Presidency of the U tamui Statei. Report
of petitions; to which Mr. Cave Johnson utl 'iretd. that the committee had waited on the PrisidentLe cl,
Mr. LEET moved a suspension of he ruit6s fur its and informed him of the result of the voi e,whtslnhere-
reception, on which the yeas and nays were called; plied that he received this manifestation of the confi-
but the call was not sustained by the House. The denceofhiscaunir 'men wilh proi und graliluJe, and
motion was then taken and failed, that lihe wi.,uld earnti.lv devole hmsr-It isthe discharge
Mr. CRARY, of Mich., from the Committee on oflitt tdutli4 io'mpo.e.l on him, hbvy endeavoring to pro-
Public Lands, reported a bill with sundry amend- mote the union and welfare of the country, according
mantsa, entitled "an act to authorize the Legislatures of to his best at.iitnei es.
Arkansas, Louisiana and Tennessee to sell the lands
heretofore appropriated for the use of schools in those REASI'R NOTES.
States." By Mr. WRIGHT, from the Committee on Fi-
Which oR motion of Mr. C. was laid on the table nance: The Ltill to authorize the issue of Treasury
and ordered to be printed, notes, without anmendmentrI
Mr. TURNEY hoped the bill would be put on its Mr. W. gave notice tLat to-morrow, at 1 o'clock, ha
passage. It had been several times reported and not would ask tor the consideration of the same.
passed from want of time. rrLnLD-,iM ior ELECTIONS.
Mr. PECK moved to refer the bill and amendments Mr. CRIT TEN DEN gase notice of his intention
to the Committee of the Whole on the state of the to bring in a bll to pieenth LrerenceofFederal
Union. to brinin a bI io peen he Inrlerceo Fder
Mr. GIDDINGS wished to called the attention of Iffie-holders tate ekClElcton.
the House to the report of the National Intelligencer sions: Asking to be i e, fm o the uther co en-
of this morning-and as a duty to his constituents sidera:ion of the iehtionul'ot tricklotanrtha' Tcon-
wished it read-for the purpose of making a personal mae Quantrill.
explaatvoicesofon. No" No") By Mr. HL B B A R D, from the Committee on Fi-
Sevral movic e dtat"he"nlnance: A bill for the relief of Philip De Forrest.
BRIGGS moved that the gentleman be allow- By Mr. WALL, from the C'omosatte on the Judi-
ed to proceed in personal explanation, which had iary : A bill fr acterining and settling the suth-
never before been refused a member of this Housea; ern bourdsrvn hife e Terrtsorv oi low s
which motion was carried, f elM budr line of th Territory of low's.
ihe obnr weaes orihed. By r. KING, fraom t he Committee on Commerce:
The part alluded to was then read as follows: An adverse report on the claim of the owners of the
"Mr. THOMPSON, of South Carolina, would ritish brig Depatch.
appeal to the Hon. member from Georgi to say whe- Mr. K. said a bill had been introduced on leave for
their it was prudent or proper in this discussion of a their relief, but the committee, on full investigaion,
topic (however improperly dragged into this debate,) came to the conclusion that the clain t was noit ibund.
upon which every Southern man should only feel as ad inju nlice, and g.re nli dwe that whendthat bill came
a Southern man, to be provoking this family quarrel up on the calendar he would tose ils indefinite post-
between Southern Whigs and Southern Democrats; pree it.
and whether it is just to regard the very obscurest of ByneMr.STURGEON, from tse Committee on Re.
the obscure members of the Whig parly as an expo- volulnr cas bl or he er
nent of the feelings and opinions of Ihat party on this of eunr Claimsl. A billfor the relief of the heirs
I.Edssar-i Leigtle.
subject. Wouldit not be better, more fair, and more Mr. PREN'TISS submitted the following, which
just to wait one short manit and hear the matimsnguoh lies over day:
64 head of Lhat part', r oak tor l i, f or.ej M g v r. .
would pgle ang iniaseff hait Gen tlarhon Illo so e s"led, That theact entitled an actganrnI half-
speak and act upon the subject of abolition as to satisfy pa and pensions to certain widows, approved July 7,
even the member, from Georgia, and to seal forever his18, ought not to be construed to deprive any widow
lips except emrin praise." oa of its lenlft s in consequence of her having married
Mr. GIDDINGS said he stood here as the Repre- after the decease of the husband for whose services
tentative of a constituency, and appeared not to-day she may claims to be alloe, a pension or' annuity un-
from any consideration in respect to himself. He re- der said act pra ided hve was a widow at the tinp ethe
presented a constituency as numerous, as respectable, same was passed; and that the Committee on Pen-
intelligent and distinguished asany gentleman on this sions be instructed to report a bill to that effect.
floor, and in that capacity alone, he rose. The folloxing resolution, submitted on the 8th in-
Mr. SMITH, of Me., here rose to a point of order. stanthby Mr. Lis, was taken up and adopted
The gentleman was permitted by the House to make Resolved, That the Comtnttee or M ittary Afafair
Tan ex lanation personal to himself, and said he wished be instructed to inquire- ie the expediency of pro-
to make noremark personal to himself; but was going ring a sufficient number of tht most approved re-
again, as he supposed, to aigue the great question o0f peatmng tire-arms to supply the troo[s.l-eraiting against
abolition, the In laI, ian in Florida.
The SPEAKER sustained him in his remarks.
Mr. GIDDINGS continued. The remarks which Thebills ordered to be engrossem, as published on a
appeared in the Intelligencer assigned to him, a s- pretiou day, er read a third tile, and passed
tis among his fellownctizenatio He had waited tihe The tIoliletwong bills e then se rally considered



then lamong an d his fel w cth z n hed H ouse he pa for C a c~it e rte of th h land ord re t o Sbae en.
sawthe gentleman from r.t Carolina, (Mr. W. in C..m ttee the hole and ordered to be n-
Thompson) in his seat, ani now embraced the first grossed:
moment to call the attention of the House to this. A bill to authorize the granrtg letters tstamienta.ry
The words to which he took exception, as insulting to rdonfadministratin to an Ia ln in the Ditrict oCo-
his constituents, are these, "an. hesither it is just to lum bi a.or the relief of i ad e
regard the very obscurest oft',' .o-.,(a'IMerot-, Is of this A bill for the relief of Sebastian Butcher, and the
Whig party," &e heirs and legal representatives of Bartholomew Butch-
Mr. SMITH again rose to order, and insisted that er, Michael Butciter, and Peter Bloom.
this was not a personal explanation-and not within A bill authorizing a patent to be issued to Joseph
the leave granted by the House.Campat for a certain tract of land in the ate of
The CHAIR again supported Mr. G., (and cries of Michigan.
"go on 1" were heard.) A bill confirming to Joshua Kennedy, assignee of
Mr. ALFORD, of Ga., rose (and under a misap- Cornelius McCurtn, his title to an island in the Ten-
prehension of the remarks of Mr. Thompson yester- saw river, in the State of Alabama.
.ay, as we understand, said that he considered them as A bill for the relief of the heirs of Madame do Lus-
directlypersonal and a direct reflection on the members sur and their legal representatives.
of the Whigart from Ga. A bill for the relief of Adam D. Steuart.
,Mr.A iS continued-and related an ane- A bill confirming the claim of the heirse and legal
dote of a .Jtlin~,,i.'h~ officer, who having received representatives of Pierre Dolet, deeedtoaratf
an insult, by a ioung man spatting in his face, turned land in Louisiana. B aceisldba to a tacto
very calmly and said-' young man, if I could as ea- from nil l.
sily wipe your blood from niy soul, as I caninuyAKRIRL.

fromuty facarolina wd cast nulohis m entkyour life.'" The Senate then resumed the consideration or the
(Mr. G. turning in that direction when speaking bill for establishing a uniform bankrupt system.
this.) Mr. SMITH, of Connecticut, addressed the So-
Mr. ALFORD rose and asked if the gentleman nate at creai h-stnh on the bill. In the course of his
was speaking to him,; whatidoyomean' remarks, heaspokeatcorseglgainst banks and hank-
Mr. GIDDINGS proceeded. 'The gentleman from n, rind in lI'a,'r ,.1' moclumhng all inosirporrnitns
South Carolina had cast an insult to his ounstitutents-- h OUi-i bi r tSmmerea., nutacturnig, or trading
assigning to me the situation as the obscurest of the prposes, under tIme eperalso ', the 'ankrupt system
most obscure of the Whig party. Although I claim Without imi any quesTiDn, ,he Serate proeeth8 d
no station above the humblest free citizen of this Re- to the consideration of executive business.
public-onever will I, whie the character of my ocon-
stituents ank equal to tlht f a ty tiher t anyi mana-- HOUSE OF REPRESEN TATIVES.
their representative on ill,. I],.or-s,,lentil' t.,li r an in- Tnprs.Fb 1 81
stll. the position that 'un-elcneins n Mr Tmoup. act his st
sonr had assigned him Was what he look as an midig The SPEAKER state that he had received acorn-
nitya t.ffroe. hise.:,,slituer,it He came here in anott- nurseathrar fron Nit Sianly, asktg to Ie eteusepli
cial characetr-itt the dra,.barge of official duty. It from further service on the Cornutttee efi Ettper, dttur,'s
was his intention to represent the voice of his people on the Public Buildings.
and nation, according to the dictates of his own con- Mr. S tonLY was excused accordingly, and an or-
sctende, and not by the insolent dictation of any man, drt was passed for the appointment of a member in
or the opinion of any Iti~n--lcasing emery firn ta act his stead.
for himself, whilst ha cronieed t., act am'cmihr, rg to the It appeared by the reading cf the Journal ithi, ni.mr
dictates of his judgment. ing that Mr. Gushing and Mr WVise were app..uinte'd
If gentlemen would visit the constituents lhe repro- on the part of this, tlsohne ol' the .I,,ni camiutit,. to
sented--if they would mark their intelligence, and wait on General Vtiilliam tlenrir I- arri,ur, an'] notity
industry, and habits--take a memorandum of their him of his election as. Prest~lent" of the U nited Stati.s.
standing in society--they would have no disposition Mr. Preston is of the comnrsitee on ihte rart of thss
thus to trample on their rights and honor. Those con- Senate.
stituents hadeiven a larger majority for Harrisonthan Mr. EVERETT ntriduced r..eslutionsf o Ihe Ge-


any other district, nerat Assembly of Verrnonri, that tlie exclusion ol it e
The man who wantonly trespasses on the fIeerlig of members duly commissioned by the Governor of New
his fellow citizens, is handed over to public r.from n.- persey fron participating in the organiz.aion of this
He (Mr. G.) himself expected to be tried at her tribu- 'ousr, and the sutbse.quent proceedings ieicref, and
nal, where he who wantonly assailed a fellow citizen the Euhsmltutlion in their .laces of mise other persons
t Uull be punished. who were not so commissioned, without a trsal o'f mhe
Mr. %VADDY THOMPSON made some remarks election, was a isolation of established uages-was
-a portion only of which was heard bvythe Reporter. an indignity to thme authorities of New Jersey-was
He had only to say, il the getilletnin'lron Ohio un- urji, tinci-natiutioural, and sutmversie of ihe liberty
derstood him (Mr. I ) as rflecling I, hIntr,,nstitu ol ithe People of the Republic.
ents, he trusted no other pcr,.n ,,n the floor under- The iemluion Weert read, and ordered to lie on
stood himso. It was 1-culiarly proper, vlen the gen- he pla1le an t,Le I.rinted
tleman from G,-.rriJ.k Mr Cuu| cr,i sas endeaorin n Mr BRIGGS moeed Ilmat lhe special orler on Mr.
to hold the sh, ,l,: t\Vli pI art re.p,,nsible for the d,- Un.lerwo ,l'A s I-i.ll in relation to.lisa liers erra tinne,] by
clarations of the ir, mb.'r irom n -,t .IU it sas proper tlic c-r.Ioi..n ,,f s t am.boilers te pslponed until Tues-
that he should declare to ia, ih.t they s tei te tewa day rnext
qf a weak and obscure memt.,r uf ihe Whig part'. Mr. UNDERWO OD i-sented, snd the question
and not ofthegreat leader ,f thAl partylv w's .5ul, wbh Ihere spp-amed Ayes 97, noes 17 No
Astothe statementsto hil, Iliehegeitlemanalludes, ,tnnrum voled.
it is a matter of taAe; the gentleman and nme night The question wits again put" Ayes Il1, noes 12;
differ on thesubject; but lik- tMr.F T i apprehended il and so] it was card ti y two-thirds; so th.l these bills
putto a vote of the House. his ealiinaLte would be retain ihelir character as a special order.
strongly suatai.-.l APROPRIA1tON2 ron PENSIONF.
Mr. MARK A. COOPER lsid, as lothe point ih,
which the gentleman t.Mr THOMc'PSOsN) had predica The House again resolved itself into Cominitice of












the Whole on the state of the Union, and resumesdi
the consideration of the bill makLing appropriation for
the payment of pensions daring the year 14-1 Mr
Clifford, of Maine, was again called to the chair of
the comaliltee.
Mr. SMNIrH, of Indiana, who was entitled to the
floor, addressed the committee until a fIew minutes bhr-
fore 12 o'clock, specifically in opposition to the amend-
ment of Mr. Waddv Thonipsaon as it now stood, and
generally upou the Florida war, &c.and concluded i ior
was understood to have concluded) his remarks by
offering the following as an amendment to ihe anmend-
ment.
Pruvided, That the mon-y hereby appropriated
shall be charged and consi.lernd as asIanced payment
on the part of the United States tI the Sminulrs
under the provisinns of Ihe treatyW held at Pavne's
Landing on ithe iLh of Mlay, 1833."'
Mir BRIGGS was understood to say lhat the gen-
tlernman from Indiana. ('Mr Smith,) ihad rcharger-d upon
the gentle nan from South Carolina, I' Mir Thomps.snj
this effot-il to put an end to the Floridta war, when he
knew that thatl gentleman only c,,inmumncated t i this
House an offer couaLniuricailed In him by the Secretary
of War The proposuition canme from tlip Secrtary of
War. The genilemani faitoi Indiana, in his nmiliuniry
ardor, atliempted In rally hi- party here to 'ont as-1in. t
this lpiopositinn. He (Mr. B ) was pileared that it hail
been made, it was thre only proposition which had
been offered for the laistl five years that had been satis.-
factory to him. He had ,oled millions upon millions
to carry on this war-he had always votrid fur the ap.
propiattons which if.I been asked for it: anil now,
when the Secretary if War tolil ua that the comminand-
ing general had pursued a course which niel hi. ap-
probation, and which would enable itIe war to ,. tler-
minaled at a small expense, what did we heir i A
miserable appeal to partly to vole against it. The Se-
cretary had wad u3 thal mitives of humanity andl pi,
twice alike called fir this atippropriation, and he i Mr B )
was prepared nsw to voete upon th-se motives, lo pui
an enrd to the war and t.i ihc scenes of horror whiteh
had so Iona been witnessed in that sect-lln :i.1 our
country The commanding officer had madre certain
promises to induce the Indiana to come in. Anl
would not Con.ress carry out those promised"'
The hour of twelve hating arri-ed,. I at which inile
the debate was to cease,) Mr. B roncltdelsI by sendinT
to the Clerk's tabie a letter from V. K. Armit,-a,
Brigadier Ge-neral, commanding army in Floriendsla. of"
datir of 26fi ult -giving favorable i|oofpeca Iof the
termination ofthe wsV r-were funia approptaintled i tbr the
removal of the Indians-1501) of whom had now come
in whom, with some others, he itlendd it,) ship on the
15ih insl ro Arkansas
MNr GRAHAMNI sent to thie table andi h-.d read the
following, which lie would mote as an amendment,
after the lueselionon Mr SpiirH'., amendment had libeen
taken, s-iz.
S -tod be itlfirthtr ti acled. That no rifles -'.r arms
of any kin-J shall be dliered to such Indians, until
thliev reach the Western bank of the lt.ci-sippi rIue '
Mr THOMPSON acrepied this [.ripoi-ii.-nri as a
utodificarieon of hIns amendment, and] moihfied1 his
amendment ra:eordingly
Thequestion recurred on Mr. Smiru's amenJment,
and being put, it was negatiied
The question tLen recurred cn Mir TH,OMF?-..ss
amendn'.'nt as mni-dified at the suggestion Mof Nlr G.I-
HAM, and being pul it passed in the affirmative.
AmeniJidmients were offered bh Meaera CRsBB and
CIvE.I JOt s-oNand rejected by the Chairman as not
in order
The committee then rose, and rep,-riild the bill with
the amendments adopted.
The resolution recurred on concurringin the amrnend-
menil; when
Mr. a% ARREN, of Georgia, rose and addressed
the H.,,ise al some length in relation to the amend-
nients connected with the Florida war.
Mlr W Psasl he would not have said any thing on
thiAs ubject had it not been for the ettra.)rdinaty ,ha-
racier ol'some of the remarks which had been made in
the course oflhe dis.'usiion on the amendment of the
genthseman front South Carolina, (Mr Th.-miipson '-
The cause of justice and humanity required that the
amendment should be adoptedI, and that the bill shliluhl
pass The causes of this war had bcen the ?ulji cLi
of much dietussi,:n. It was not necessary for him to
enter on that wide field. The subject of slavery or
negro-stealing was alleged as one of the causes of the
war
The SPEAKER here interrupted Mr. W. saying
that it was not in order to enter on that course of re-
mark.
Mr. WARREN said he had no disposition to trans-
gress the rules of the House; and that as he was not
ermittesl now to go into a reply tlo remarks which
ad been made, he would reserve ihat right to himself
until some future period when the House might be in
couminlliee, and where a more liattilidinous dissuason
might be allowed
Sir. W. Ihen proceeded to make a few general re-
marks on the amendment and the questions involved
in itl-urging earnestly the adoption ofit, and, in con-
luson, said that as he had made no remarks which
could callsfor a ,ejisder, he would truoe the previous
question.
But, at the request of several gentlemen, Mr. W.
withdrew the call.
Mr. JANMESON renewed it,
And the question being put, there was a second.
And the ilucit.sn recurred on the amendment of
Mlr Thumpeson, a-s modified at the suggetti.:n of Mr.
Graham. It is as follows:
And be it further enacted, That $100,000 be, and
the.same is hereby, appropriated, to be expended un-
der the directio-n of the Secretary of War, for the re-
moval, subsistence, and benefit of such of the Semi-
nole chiefs and warriors as may surrender for emigra-
tion.
And be it further enacted, That no rifles or arms of
any kind shall be deli-iered to said Indians until they
reach the western bank flthe Mitsissippi river.
The question tos aree to this amEndment was taken
by yeas and naye, and resulted as follows. Yeas 15i
nays, 15.
The bill was then ordered toa third reading, andl,
being engrossed, it was forthwith read lIthe third lime.
Arnd the previous question was ordered, on motion
of NIr JAMESON
And the qurslion on its passage was then put, and
paascd in the hffirniative
So the bill was passed, and sent to the Senate for
concurrence
Mr JONES then moved to suspend the rules so as
to go into Csommittee of the Whole on the state of the
Union, and lake up the general appropriation bill for
the service of the year I84 I
Mr. CAVE JOHNSON suggested that the busi-
ness on the Speaker's table had- better be first dispo-
sed of.
The question was then put on Mr. JoNzs's motion,
and carried.
GENERAL APPROPRIATION BILL.
The House then resolved itself into Committee of
the Whole on the state of the Union, and proceeded
to the consideration of the bill miktig appropriations
for the ci-il and diplomatic eaf-en-es -ef G.,vernment
for the year 1841. Mr. Brsi r, i-f Tennessee, was
callil to'lhe haiar of thi Committee.
Mr CRABB iriade an inqui, i uf the Chairman of
the Csm-iiitle of Ways and Nh'ins, inrelation tothe
fIslluwlnr" inusa of ;.plprcsprialiin .
"Fosr itatoncry. fuel, printig, and all othr.r cotin.
ge, epcn-c. of thr- HIouse of Representattses., fi.5,-
Anotliet item of time Bil was, $35,000, for the Sen-
ate, it'r the va',, purposes Mr. C. inquired whether
wocel.ipproprita inis a ere requisite for the S-ri-te, than
the House h
Mr. JONES replied, thst partial appr'yniaiions, in
holoh cases hail been made, and thits s-as now, the bal-
anse eStlOtttd necessary.
Mr. LINUCOLN calledon Mr. JomnsBforestimates,
if he had any. f.nr the above mentioned items.
Mr. JONES replied that he had no estimates be-
yond those nilsch haia been furnished by the Clerk of
ihe House.
Mr. STANLY was understood to inquire whether
the siati.-nery for which money was now to be appro-
prialte- haad tIecn purchased.
Mr ANDERaION called for the estimates refer-
red to.
Mr JONEES sent to the Clerk's table a statement
fmroti the Clerk, containing ihe estiniales referred to,
amongst which s-as the itsm of 1tIt111.s) for the pur-
chase of stationery for the next Congriss
Mr. LINCOLN thin moied to ,edu.:e the abts-e


sum of.>825.1.00 to SL,i000-i e strinking out the St.i,-
O)IJ for statine-ry for the next. C.ngres-
Mr LINCOLN,afterstaling that Ihle Housewoild
bear himi wit-nss thbi- he had n.-tlyvieldel Ito that sense-
less cry of economy which denied'such just appropria-
tions as might be required tocarry 11 the various
branches ol' tH public business, proceeded to com-
rment upon Itheb a.,ues ihich had crept into this sys-
team of c.,tstinsenti expendiiutei He believedthat all
those aibus-is which hiJ crept into the -ddministration
of the.- public trusis of ihe courIrvy had their source in
abuqs( under (he head of'cningencies
After specifying I.wo or threr- instarnces, NIr L. ex-
pressed the heiiel'tehat i was litinc to inquire whether
nit was necessary to. iepend 4.lS0,(Ol) a year for con-
tingent expenses over and aboie pay and milea.r. -
The laouse had nocontrol over ihese epe-niltuir-s of
its contingent fund. The Commiuiee of Accounts
hail no control over then; the hills were paid and re-
ceipted befbre they were laid before the committee, and
when it was too late to do any thing in regard to them.
ienee it followed that whenever the Clerk ott hi.


' House, without control or accountability, saw fti to ap-
ply the funds, ihe House had nothing to d., but t rati-
fy and sanction thit a.2ts. Ther, iuihi, r NI r L'. opi.
union, to ,be some comn'ill e i-.-ini..l c'lihli c should
haie charge of these sUtills- re L'- tire th., fl [ - i.,1 uicu
were made
Mr. JOHNSTON, t" N'-,W Yorl., .I.h--... ith,
commtllee atl mu:h I olnl ,..l I the sul it, ..' atil- al us-'
whichh hib d r. pI inti uli.. Irr.rich ol'tlc 1.itlll.: ixpendli
lures.
Mr. PROFFIF T lasted that, l,r, n calculation made
biy hins. he Iunl that hi alitationery ,ill tbr thies sei-
uion al-lone ws, nbo-sta ,ti iS.1 v1 hicth ,a a- al thl- rate
ol';il(:3 frr el ry enitliher ihi- H-louse. He a-%, ea-
tisfie.i hat .J3i ao sul.I pa.y lie et-jtonarty ,il of e-cry
genlerrisn this 'pear, anri he i h.ip.-J hal ,ome nieruber,
boiler killeJ in thee ihin',, Aould make in esttIrriate
and ashnll it [.)the aitorin-'ftlihc conimitilrc
Mr. UNDERWOODiD aid that omie vars ago he
was on a -...iTfnitie appointed to intirtigate this very
subject c, anr.I, al.-r a trminut exalinin.lton, Ithe commit-
tee hadl cne t, thie cinclusn thai there was but one
reme.ly, anri thai s-'ao I,, pursue the course .uagestIP]
by the gentleman t'r,iiI lnlan: ,I. Mr. Pr,.ttit I He
CNIMr L7) hAJ intended to sag, est'to the committee .
propoiithon that "in lieu of.a'ition,iry and newspapers,
each ieruirtr i"f t,'tigre6n hil l be allowed i- annu-
ally." The c.-mnrt e cuuld iill u [, he blank with
any siim thlat niihl be computed to be proper. This
was i- .-rInly rerrieJy. TI- sas,- ronplinimta had been
made yt--r ailer %tar, and wild continue t., be made
until the enrii of time uralte saoine such plan as this
were a.loptei
Mr. JONES, .:. Va ga-e to the omnnittee such in-
t,',iTaiin :as hil t-.en in poeai.,n s-f the Committee
of W%'v andl MNeans in regatI li ihcs,:- estin,ates, and
tited ihot the ,tlmataes .-ftihe CI.'-,ik had bren reduced,
ir, the ,orinlltteer, 9525 Ut1 below the ain.iunit contain-
edl in those l.ii h,,il bet,-n rad at iti ( .'lerk's table,
The c:.noitiite-e hail suppr.-..e ihat the hiiinunt now
aslted l.,r was about th.' proper sunr,. and in that they
had looked \vith pr.Lp-tr A e- to s--,Conosy-an object
s-hich he i%. j-as lerO!uuAs i' pr:..r.ile, when it could
be properlN done, as any .,Iher g.ritleiun Mr. J.
then arplirtd lo ice-re ati portionsf iurri of e ruen fMr.
.tohn-irn, enienin,i lethal blane il'bliine there was,
i.houli rest in the proFprter qu.rter, andI that it did not
Ielorng %his e the gentleinanr had l.d it
NIMr. JOHNSiN, of Virimia, al0o 1e.1lieth to parts
ol the ,h-er.:tior L.f" Mr .tobn-on. Iof N-iv. York, in
rslahisn to Lht tIriu s of paper, and the action of the
Ciiriinitlee of Ac-rouns, .%.C. i sllingl ihe fl'-or for
occasional cxplanalti.n to Me-ris JiOHNS i)N, of
New l' ork, LINCOtLN, and GRINNELL.
Mr. GRAHAM moved to amend the amendment
by striking out the whole item of 25,000, as the only
way if puloing an end to the abuses which were un-
,i.,uti-,Jly ipra'.ted was to withhold the appropriation.
The sum of $100,000 had already been appropriated
for ,oniiiiiintri expenses, (by a former bill) and that
was enough.
Messrs. EVERETT, MORGAN, LEWIS WIL-
LIAMS, TILLINGHAST, and BYNUM, made
some remarks in favor of the amendment of Mr.
Graham; aand Messrs. FLOYD, EVANS, and MON-
ROE, inr, o'po-il i.:n
Mr. MOlRGAN gave notice that he would at the
proper time offer the following amendment:
"And in the future delivery of stationery of every
description to members of the House, the postmaster
shall keep an account of the articles delivered to each
i,,embe r, with the prices thereof; and the Clerk of the
Ihl'u- strail insert in his annual report of the contin-
gent expenses, the aggregate amount of the value of
stationery received by the members respectively :
Mr. LINCOLN here said that his only object in
ubrniitting his motion was to brirLg the mattel to the
c,,nstdeiat,. ,n of the House, and that being done. he
would now accept the amendment of Mr. Graham as a
modification of his own.
And the question being on the amendment as modi-
fied-
Mr. TILLINGHAST then gave notice of his in-
tention, if the amendment failed, to offer the following:
And nothing herein contained shall be construed
to authorize or sanction any contract for stationery or
other articles of merchandise for the use of the ensu-
ing Congress by any officer of the present Congress
to an amount exceeding in the whole two thousand
dollars."
Mr. ADAMS sent to the Clerk's table a letter from
an individual of the name of Stone," in relation to
the prices of lithography.
The letter (Mr. A. said) was rather collateral to the
question; he had had it in his possession for three
months, but had had no opportunity of presenting it:
and (he was understood to add) he despaired of doing
any good by presenting it.
The letter was then read.
The question was discussed further by Messrs.
Tillinghast, Everett, Lincoln, and Underwood.
Mr. LINCOLN said that, on subsequent examina-
tions he found that his original motion was the proper
one; and he again modified his proposition so as to re-
duce the entm I'r,,om '5 Ii )t, lo flP5,,ii, lr' i e. striking
out all thaIL a%. appieB:.,le to the 'ine Twaior of Con-
gress.)
And the question being taken, the amendment, thus
modified, was agreed to.
So the item was reduced from $25,000 to $15,000.
Mr. CURTIS then moved that the committee rise.
The motion having prevailed, the committee rose,
reported progress, and obtained leave to sit again.
Mr. B U R K E laid on the table a resolution propo-
sing to revive the select committee of the last session
appointed on the subject of certain contracts made by
the Clerk for stationery, engraving, lithography, &c.
so as to enable the committee to make report of the
proceciomns, which they did not do at the last session.
The res-oluti..n was read.
Mr. STANLY said he had something to say in re-
-aton to the dr.ines of thn '-oimmititee prcpos-ed io bare-
ands, and wht'ti he shulil taLke ra i,|ip..runauiv of say-
ing when the t- sution cane up f:r consideration.
Andi tie Hots,.- adiliourned until to-morrow eleven
o'clock, A. M.

IN SENATE,
FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 1841.
Mr. CLAY, of Alabama, presented the credentials
of 1-i3 colie&gos, the Hon. W. R. KINO, elected a Se-
nator fr ou, th,.t State for six years, from the 4th of
AMarch ncxl-..
BANKRUPT LAW.
Memorials in favor of the passage of a Uniform
Law of Bankruptcy, were presented by Messrs.
WIite, of Indiana, Henderson, of Mississippi, and
Porttr, of Michigan.
REVOLUTIONARY PENStONS.
The bill which passed the House making appropria-
lions fr Rreoi]uiionary and other pensions, and for
the pa,'tiLiiat-on s'sr Ilr.in.s in Plorida, was reported to
tlte Sri-t,', ars.d reifs.irrsi to the Committeeon Finance.
PENSION ACT OF 1838.
The following resolution, submitted by Mr. PREN-
TIss on Thursday, was, after a brief discussion, adopt-
ed;
Resolved, That the act entitled an act granting
half-pay and pensions to certain widows, approved July
7, 1838, ought not to be construed to deprive any wi-
dow of its benefits in consequence of her having mar-
ried after the decease of her husband for whose servi-
ces she may claim to be allowed a pension or annuity
under said act, provided she was a widow at the time
the same was passed; and that the Committee on Pen-
sions be instructed to report a bill to that effect.
TREASURY NOTE BILL,
The Scate 'hen poceeded to the consideration of
the bill auotl,.iizrig ile issue of Treasury notes.
Mr. BENTON demanded the yeas and nays on or-
dering the bill to a third reading. He said he was wil-
ling that the Government should borrow as much mo-
ney as would be required to meet its wants, but he
would always vote, as he had heretofore voted, against
issuing Treasury notes.
The question was then taken, and decided as fol-
lows:
YEAS-Messrs. Anderson, Bayard, Buchanan,
Calhoun, Clay, of Alabama, Dixon, Fulton, Graham,
Hubbard, Kerr, King, Knight, Linn, Lumpkin,
NI-ut-.i, Nicholson, tNots-ll, Porter, Rives, Roane,


Robinson, Sevier, Smith, of Ind., Southard, Tall-
madge, Wall, Webster, Williams, Wright, Young-
30.
NAI'YSi-Messrs. Allen, Benton, Clay, of Ky.,
Clhyti-i, Critt-nden, i.:nJdei-on, Mangum, Preston,
Smith, of Conn., Whinte- 11
So the hlll was read a third il time; and the question
heing .r. its final t.i'sa-iu ,
Mr. CLAY. of Ky., arose and declared his uncom-
promising opposition to this mode of supply, for which
he gave his reasons at length.
An intrerstiig nnd animated discussion followed in
whl.'h Messrs Wright, .h ), 'of Ky., Benton, Cal-
houn, Hubbard, Henderson, Dixon, White, and
Smith, of Indiana participated ;-after which the bill
was finally PASSED without amendment: and then the
Senate adjourned


HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES.
FR|rPI, February V2, 1 -1I
Mr. CUSHING, ir,.nm the Joint Commitleeo l both
H>uass, to noiilh ilic Preoident elect of his election,
isa'i,- the ftllowinw, report
1 h( t-'01m1lttr-1- 0-lpoted to niet li Conniittce
Ii-, Srnate mirlt ilappoint t.) noti'y II lHLdam rll.-,y
l i 1 ,, of Ohh, .. ,I k l eis hcton r Pr. ;denti if ihe
Liniled Statesl, ir f..nr .rdr-rs, commrr,,i',n' on the 4th
ct" Mlarch nExt
Repcrl, Thit thlie h,..,' p rform-ei l their lutl,. anI
that the Presih-rii ei., t. 1 ,11 nilt ; ,g his ac'tpltrine.
of the ,f.ic sai.l tha hi' r,' rived this nmanifeslation
of the conrfilenc, of his countrymen with prul'und
; ra thule, an.d that he mi l earn,.thlv dIevotc hinims-If to
thr dliues it impes, so as according to his best abili-
ty, to promote the lhnonor andi 'ellarr ,rf his country.
Mir BI.URKE moied that the rulesbe utlspenL(,I to
receive the r, solution, oft a hh he yeslerJay gate no-
tice, to revile the Siect Cfrmrwi-e appointed l.ast
session on he memorial of the clerkrs, on Ihe subject
of statiLnerv The nMtion failed, two-thirds not vut-
ing therei.r-Yeai ti, nay t;-2.
'Nir JONES, of Virginia, i -..ved that the house re-
solveitselfinto a C.-'tirnitlee of the Whole House on
the state of the UrIri.,n l r the further consideration of
the
.PPRIBFRIATI.N BILL.
Mr. RUSSELL hoFcdl thai the Housie would pro-
ceed to Ilie OilssIJerai.,rO uf pritlate bill,.i this being
the day for that purpose> 'i
Mr. PECK inqiiredi wtlt woull bo the ordcr of
business f ih\ ihe-li n o tln ino roniontiot
The SPEAKERt saidl the mn.iorninz hour would be
aprj,prialJed to the re[sprlt of itcomnilters-and other
Pritae bill, would be in ordr
The ,question was th.n taken by )eas and nays,,
and los:--e .s ii5, nas 84
So the Hl',usc did n,)t go Inito 'omnittec
The questin [penilin:., %as sn the m,)tisn s,,l Mr.
PECK t., reftr in ihe t.Comnlttre of the WVhole on
the state of the [Tlni..,r ihe bill, Io ,nuthnrii hc ip Le-
gidljturer ,.if Arkansa-, Louiiana, and Ternnes-et to
sll i all lands hereltlire appropriated for the ue tof
s(hoola in those etlates "
Mr. PECK waiuag this motion, movd tu lay the
bill and ansriidmonsi on the tableW and that h1-3. be
printed.
MIt FILLMCiREakisl that it" his colleague did not
ai-h t, leidl-i the bill he hop.- ile would not make this
motion.
The motion was then carried.
TO BE CONTINUED.

THE MADISONIAN.


WASHINGTON CITY.


SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1841.

IN THOSE THINGS WHICH ARE ESSENTIAL LET THERE
BE UNITY-IN NON-ESSRNTIALS, LIBERTY ; AND IN ALL
THINGS CHARITY.-Augustin.

THE NEW CABINET.
So far as depends upon Gen. Harrison, his
Cabinet will be composed as follows:
DANIEL WEBSTER, of Mass., Secretary of
State.
THOMAS EWING, of Ohio, Secretary of the
Treasury.
JOHN BELL, of Tenn., Secretary of War.
GEORGE E. BADGER, of N. C., Secretary of'
the Navy.
FRANCIS GRANGER, of N. Y., Postmaster Ge-
neral.
JOHN J. CRITTENDEN, of Ky., Attorney General.

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANISM.
In his remarks at Baltimore, Gen. Harrison,
we are pleased to see, claimed to be a Democra-
tic Republican in all his sentiments, feelings,
associations, and actions. This is as we ex-
pected. We inferred such to be his character,
from his acts and the tenor of his writings.-
By our brief intercourse with him we have been
confirmed in the justice of the inference. We
consider him, so far as we can judge, one of the
very best expressions of .merican DE.mocracv
we have ever had.

Gen. Harrison's htr.us-,hoild will not be ccm-
pleted until after the opening of the spring.
when Mrs. Harrison, now at North Bend, is ex-
pected to join the General. Meantime the do-
mestic arrangements of the White House will
be superintended by the family of Mr. Taylor,
the General's son-in-law, who will be his Private
Secretary.

The President of the United States returned
the visit of Gen. Harrison on Thursday. Gen.
H. dines with the President to-day.
We rejoice to observe these courtesies be-
tween the heads of the opposing parties. It
looks as if there was a prospect at last of allay-
ing the asperities of party feeling.

The Globe complains that Gen. Harrison in-
sinuated, in his remarks at Baltimore, that long
possession of great power has a corrupting ten-
denty. The complaint is made, because the
Globe infers the General meant that the present
Administration was corrupt! How extremely
sensitive and virtuous has the Globe suddenly
become. Corruption has been charged upon
this Administration in numerous instances, and
what is more, the charges have sometimes been
proven. Look at the levying taxes upon the
salaries of office-holders to pay the expenses of
an election. Look at the millions of money
squandered upon favorites, in the shape of jobs
and contracts. Look at the millions plundered
and run away mvt Ih by Sub-treasurers. Insinu-
ate corruption! We verily believe it exists in
every branch and department of the Govern-
ment, and the task of REFORM has been legibly
inscribed by the people upon the list of Execu-
tive duties. The Globe will hear of something
stronger than an insinuation applied to the task
of reform, however meek and virtuous the old
transgressors may pretend to be. This dread of
removal from office is borne with an ill grace by
those who have themselves so long and .o .i:-i-
lessly exercised the tenors of proscripti-rs.

Mr. Gonon has recently arrived in this city
from New Orleans, where he exhibited his new
system of Telegraphs before the Legislature of
Louisiana, the Chamber of Commerce, and se-
veral other distinguished bodies; who have given
him the most flattering recommendations to
Congress. Mr. Gonon has already presented his
plan to the Senate ilIIught the Hon. Senator
Mouton; and the memorial and accompanying
documents have been ordered to be printed. The
subject was referred for an examination by the
Committee on Commerce, before whom, Mr.
Gonon made a trial of his system with his mo-
del, which, we understand, was highly satisfac-
tory to the Committee; and they have decided
upon making a report in his favor, and recom-
mending its adoption by the Government. We
should be glad if our Legislators could bestow
upon this rouniry the adantages of an enter-
prise which would place us upon a level with
France-the only nation that now possesses a
good system of Telegraphs.

RICHARD W. BARTON has been nominated by
a Convention of the Republicans of the Frede-
rick district, in Vitmina. to be their candidate
for Congress at ih.- rnuingeletiuii.


GOV. CASEY, OF ILLINOIS.
This genilernan has just published an ad-
dress i- his conlittieltl, in co-in,elquence of be-
ing in. ted a.i_,mn io bec,-'me a candid it I- ir Con-
gres.. Wl',t.ii r he i: to bi :i eandlais It'r re-
electiui, i uitdt, rm-in-l. lhi., hoei-vi, ,-ifline,
his position in s-ctric priiu(., ii r learl. VW<.
Iru-t Ii-,s ixp. i,_h iiun is regardd i., Gen. Harri-
son'- aitiinitlrtratliun vavill e realized, and we
shall be vEr\-' glad to set: hint I-nJing that ad-
ministration his able and ktii:ent support. Wu
quole Irom his address', a I',-% pir._-raphs ex-
pressive ul" h i, ',t iti rtlar -jn t.. Ithe Sub-
Trra-ury, Mr. \'Van Bur, ii, an.] Genvrrl Harn-
soit, to wil :
$C,11 -21,1111Y.
.r -Tnn r -'usv.
1 i lit eIl thlirn. ( I'3i.'I hI.,Ie rier since atI still il. be-
lit't, Ithat lhi a% tis i y l frr.i, l.,lii ,il i.i;:hiiirf to the
C iirti '%. h li,.cr' a.i.--' E ., 'uil.,' p:i.,trowl'e, increas-s
the nuAtilt 1 r s- Isile ] a l's.. s inerciases Ihe pnibl,- ex-
penditures, and, ,n -n y ,,tii.rii, at the same lime, ien-
ders less aafe the utuhh,- m.oneyd
Entertaining lrtisCe -irtas of ithe Sub.-Treasury
sehemte, as an honest man. I nuld do no le-,s than sole
igain.- il Wve have hnd IL in partial operation for
the lant four yi'ars Ih-iugiih in the al.sencs- Uf law until
the 4th day i: .lJuly lasIt Under its sop,-ratsn the
Srices, of labor,-of th,:- producit.:.ns of labor,-of pro-
duce of et-cry kind,-of all kinds of property, -ofe-
err, ti',iv, ex,:,pt the salaries llf ti.lce holders, has
been reiluced narIly -ne-half, and I entiree i. pre-
dict, that under its ull and complete opFrratioii, the
litle will ga rom badi tlo ors,5, s, long as it shall con-
tinue. I rrgr't it- for while the pric,- of labor, of
proluce, and propelty of --ry kind is re-laced, taxes
are enormousilv increaede, andI in e'Tect the salary of
offi-e-holdere is doubled, by s-,hich slalrte If thing- the
rich are to be made richer, an-l hi poo.r ,porircr. tihu
creating d(lisirn tions in socty, .tlith fis sy lover of
his counirv, and of hrr int;tutio[i., sUit tPprecat -
It is a principle to which I am utterly op.,poed
MR. VAN BUREN AND GEN. HARRISON.
The first vote which I ever gave for Presidentofthe
United States was cast for James Monroe. I voted
three times for Gen. Jackson, and once for Mr. Van
Buren.
I frankly confess, however, that many of Mr. Van
Buren's measures have not met my approbation.
At an early period of his Administration, I strong-
ly remi.-snl rat d against those measures, and expostu-
lIated atlt his most prominent and active political
friends in both Houses of Congress, urging them to
desist from pursuing, what I considered to be, a ruin-
ous and destructive policy.
I then predicted the present paralyzed, prostrate and
ruined condition ofthe country, unless those measures
v-:.re at once al.and..nedl. They were, however, per-
sisted in; and what I then predicted, is now historical
fact.
I further predicted, that without an immediate
change of measures, the Administration party itself
would become a minority in the Nation; and, in this,
also, I ha-c r .,t been deceived.
So thor.,ugh were my convictions of the injurious
policy of Ithe present Administration, that I could not,
and did not, vote for the re-election of Mr. Van Bu-
ren.
The People of the United States have, within the
last year, in the manner prescribed by their own laws,
and in unusual tranquility, selected Gen. Harrison as
their Chief Executive Magistrate. However they
may have differed concerning the questions which have
been presented them, all will agree that the peace and
good order which have marked the contest, from its
beginning to its final result, furnish ample proof that
they may be safely permitted to discuss every measure
that concerns their welfare; and that neither force nor
fraud is necessary to secure submission to the laws,
where power is limited, reason enlightened, and suf-
frafr fri.e
So much for the past: a word as to the future. I
hope that the new Administration will pursue a policy
that will r ratly irimpros the condition of the country.
Gen. Harr.son sill enter up..-n the dutiess of his high
office under favorable auapirer. The public good re-
.qu.irrs., and the public mind calls, for repose. If he
-ailsl o shape hid- .,ilcV as to pre.-rve r.,ace, (not,
I-j.weer at the eipirnseeuf out national hi.nor or our
rat,.-Irl rights. ti,mmaiin thr inmegrla l ,,,ijr territory;
conduct aiir loreinren lations -sit.t ftirmnwis and fair-
ness end l our conictta sn it he Ihndinni, rgain their
confidence, and protect them against cupidity and
fraud; confine the action of the Executive to constitu-
tional bounds; abstain from interference with elec-
tions, and from proscription for an honest difference in
political opinion; defer to the wisdom of Congress,
and submit to the will of the People; observe equal
,ndl eXsct juistic t all ment, and classes of men;
cordtcr public ArL,,ra n"th steadiness, lhat enterprise
rmay nr.t be dirappoitr- d, with economy, that labor
may not be deprived of its reward; hold the Executive
agents to a strict accountability for the manner in
which they discharge their duties, that our Republi-
can institutions may suffer no reproach; in fine, if he
shall prove himself to be the President of the United
States, and not of a party; if his Administration
shall foster and support the interests of the country,
the whole country, and nothing but the country, I, as
an humble individual, will give him and his Adminis-
tration my hearty and cordial support.

BEARERS OF ELECTORAL VOTES.
The following is a list of the bearers to this city of
the electoral votes of the several States:
Maine-Erastus Brooks.
New Hampehire-Jamines Hoyt.
Massachusettsi-Solomon Lincoln.
Rhode Iland-Usher Parsons.
Connecticut-('liske B. Lines.
Vermont-Ezra W\'J ,d
New York--H. M. Romeyn.
New Jersey-Abraham Godwin.
Pennsylvania-Joseph Ritner.
Delaware-L. A. Houston.
Maryland--J. H. Nicholson.
Vrg.i"i -3 .1 n Hinneman.
North Carolina-Dennis Hart.
South Carolina- L. J. Nottie.
Geo gia-M. M. Dye.
Kentucky- Jrhn Payne.
Tennessee-Allen A. IHall.
Ohio-R. C. Langdon.
Louisiana-Cyprian Dussee.
Mississippi-Alex. McClung.
Indiana-Marston S. Clark.
Illinois-Wm. Koermer.
Alabama-Win. Marrast.
Missouri-T. H. Martin.
Arkansas-S. L. Rutherford.
Michigan-Thomas P. Drake.

REMOVALS FROM OFFICE.
With the following views of the Boston Atlas we
fully concur:
We do not intend to mince matters, in expressing
our views of removals from office. Those who have
fought this great battle, have been brought too often
into collision with the livened minions of power, not
to feel .ir,-njih on this subject. The arrogance and
insults which have been endured from the Praetorian
bands of the Government, in the streets and at the
L,'ines i-hi-i ilien v sh-uus o it,] e bten writingting t.,
heir otlicial dutti,. can ..,! bi spi'iihly Ir-igols n 'lie
ioslem'e of pIo,'-r and |-lsce, the arbitrary and de-
grading means which have been adopted to intimidate
and uppr, -s the political action of the people, cannot
ter uverlooksi i'.\ those who took sufficientinterest in
the -iruggl-' is come within the pale of its influence.
Ilus' i,.,,' ,- it since Bancroft lectured and Thomas
his. .1 I I Its.- long is it since the sans culottes of the
sections were marshalled, with Custom House officers
at the head, and shotted ruffians at the tail, to parade
lirhough th,' sir,-ets, attacking Whig Head Quarters,
-,nd titsrlinh in hostile array to overawe and breathe
h> isa-cc" to the people t Are the Janissaries of Van
Buren to retain possession of all the fortifications of
hoii-'al patronage I When the Herculean club of
.itiri.-,ni has disabled the serpent, shall we not be


re i itied I, dr:wiv ,ut its fangs The nation will not
usi s.mrtitd, nmilhr can the party be sustained, unless
iiih d..-s.asogaile is iich now dishonor the Public Em-
pl' v ,, ii. are ittu,,ht a lesson, which shall operate on
*? ,ir A.u:ctsss-rs i, all future time,that the people, and
iC.t i, office-holdere, shall rule.
W. do not wish to confiutd the innocent with the
guilty, by "lhrustinz oneman outof office merely to
make room ir .tr-b-r, after the .rociriptive example
set by the adverse party. But Ih,:ts vis.' have ne-
glected their public avocations to become itinerant
eleci rr.,c:rers and l.I-aill ,ig pirtisais, who have forgot-
1.,'11 Ilat IticV isce the crtsanis andlnot the rulers of
Ihi pi. ,pl-' ougMt not ioli'-pcrmitted toescapefrom the
N.pi.i[. .,ii- r.unodliTicrit lu,' to tih ir offences. They
kr,%,I h.- chances of the game they were playing-
they chose to risk every thing on the hazard, and hav-
ing lost, cannot now be allowed to draw their stakes.

General Harrison yesterday visited George-
town, heing attended thither hy a portion of the
WVa-hiimr ion Committee of Reception.


Mr. PRESTON having, according to appoint-
ment by Ithe Senate, notified General Harrison
of his e-lection, r. ported on Thursday the fil-
lowving as the Geni.ral's reply: "That he re-
ceives ihit- nmanifstatisn of 'the confidence of his
,ouniryinr-i with prtl'foind gratitude. and that
hea will earneiitl d vote himself to the discharge
-f the dutite, i i mpoi-es so as, according lo his
be3t ability, to proitiole the ution and welfare
orf Ihe- roitn'y."

JOHN M. MI?-CARrt, Eiq has withdrawn hits
name frcrii Ihe canvass fIor Relpresentatire to
Congress in the Loudoin district. CoTtiB:RT
PowrsLi., Esq., is the only Whig candidate now
before the People of that distriel.

WILLIAM WOuODBRInDO Eihas been elected Sena-
torof the United States from the State of Michi-
gan, for six years from the 4tlh day of March
next, to succeed Mr. NORVELL, whose tern will


then have expire..
William Woudbridgie received
James W. Grordcon, "
Jas. L. Conger, "
Wim. H. Welch,


36 votes.
26
1
1


Hon. R MN. T HUNTERs, (present Speaker of the
House of Rcpresentalive'l liths declared himself can-
didate for Congress for the Caroline Diatrict, Virginia,
for the ensuing spring elections He ii opposed to a
National Bank, Tahrif, Internal Impr sements, &e,
and invites -he support of the "old Republicans."

En.nnc;/.pati-,n.-The Loco FPocos complain of a
remark they attribute toCien. Harrisno, iz "--that he
should Emancipate the nffice-holders.
They also accused him scry billerly and very false-
ly ofa desire to sell white men into slavery I f he was
guilty ofthe latter how can he belter atone for it than
by emancipating those who were thus sold.

Richmond Banks.-The Compiler of Wednesday
says: Our banks were not called on for a great deal
of specie yesterday, and seemed disposed to go on with
specie payments. We should be truly rejoiced if our
anticipations are not realized, and that they can go on
to pay specie uilihout onerous restrictions of their ac-
commodations to trade. We feel satisfied that they
will do what is best for the community, and therefore
have no great anxiety as to their course.

Petersburg (Va.) Banks.-It appears by a para-
graph in the Petersburg Intelligencer of Tuesday
morning, that the banks in that place had not suspend-
ed at that date-though doubtless they have ere this
time. Alluding to the suspensions at Philadelphsa
the Intelligencer of Tuesday says: What effect this
suspension will have upon our banks remains to be
seen.

The Ladies Companion for February, which has
been handed us by Mr. Hampton, contains a beauti-
ful steel engraving of Burns and his highland Mary,
called "the Regs O'Barley." It is also enriched by
two pages of music, and a variety of poetical and prose
matter, contributed in part by well known authors.-
Price $3 per annum.

GUIDE BOOK. Mr. Robert Mills, of this city, has
published a useful little book called "a Guide to the
National Executive offices and the Capitol, &c. It
contains plans of the public buildings, locations of
offices, names of officers, rulesand regulations, &c. It
is for sale at the bookstores.

gl No mail North of Baltimore last evening.

*uprwme court of the a. states.

TUESDAY, February 9.
No The Unnutd Staist rs. Samuel W. Dick-
sn etl al in error to theCircuit court t stf the Uritled
'States forIl Mtiasim.ppT. Mr. Justicw'STory delivered
the oliir.n of thia Court affirming the judgment of
the said Circuit Court in this cause.
No. 33. The United States vs. Gordon D. Boyd eAt
al. in error to the Circuit Court of the U. S. for Mis-
sissippi. Mr. Justice Catron delivered the opinion of
this Court, reversing the judgment of the said Circuit
Court in this cause, and remanding the same for fur-
ther proceedings.
No. 11. Colhn Mitchell et al. vs. the United States,
appeal from the Superior Court for Florida. Mr. Jus-
tice Wayne delivered the opinion of this Court, af-
firming the decree of the said Superior Court in this
cause.
No. 91. Win. M. Gwin, marshal, &c., vs. James
W. Breedlove, in error to the Circuit Court of the
United States for Mississippi. On the motion of Mr.
Key, this writ of error was docked and dismissed with
costs.
No. 40. Charles Gratiot, plaintiff in error, vs. the
United States. The argument of this cause was con-
tinued by Mr. Brent for the plaintiff in error, and by
Mr. Attorney General for the defendant in error.
Adjourned till to-morrow, 11 o'clock A. M.

WEDNESDAY, February 10, 1841.
No. 22. Henry Brush vs. John H. Ware et al.
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States
for Ohio. Mr. Justice McLean delivered the opinion
of this Court, affirming, with costs, the decree of the
said Circuit Court in this cause.
No. 40. Charles Gratiot, plaintiff in error, vs. the
United States. The argument of this cause was con-
tinued by the Attorney General for the defendant in
error.
Adjourned till to-morrow, 11 o'clock A. M.

THURSDAY, February 11, 1841.
John A. Morrill and T. R. Strong, Esqs. of New
York, were admitted Attorneys and Counsellors of
this Court.
No. 40. Charles Gratiot, plaintiff in error, vs. the
United States. The argument of this cause was con-
tinued by Mr. Attorney General for the defendant in
error, and by Mr. Jones for the plaintiff in error.
Adjourned till to-morrow, 11 o'clock A. M.

EXTRACT FROM THE
SPEECH OF MR. EVANS, OF MAINE.
The Secretary, in closing his "last annual report,"
enters into a review of some of our financial opera-
tions during the period he has been connected with
the Department; and he states that "during this term
there has occurred much to evince the great fiscal
p.evcr s-s-ell as prrqspsi-y ofthe Union." Although
sn rrcsrses b.se Orit tni oveitakten the rasfiness
displavid 1V p.is'- ofthe community in ctain hr.in-J.
es of busiriee.s" yet "the period, and the county), as a
whole, have been almost unexampled in prosperous
developments. Notwathstandina unusual revul-
sions," and benrial rJutrionas ,,fdulites and losses by
"officers, and banks, and merchants," "our condition
has been so flourishing as to yield a revenue, during
that time, sufficient, after all these deductions, to ac-
complish the following important results:" and then
follows the enumeration of the purposes which have
been accomplished. All this, the Secretary says, is
"recorded evidence of the propf-. rih;. of the country,
and the fiscal ability of ithe General Government."
Now, sir, I have nodesireto disturb ,r tin.] faulh with
this coIll.hent seltf-L.ngritulstiton but I dtire fir a
sin.l,- moment to sori.der what the codilt'.ti of Ihe
country really is. Is at prosperous si.] seissessfula
Where is the evidence of it? The Nati.:nal Govetn-
ment embarrassed in all its operations, and struggling
on from day to day under the pressure of an mosols-ent
Treasury, public works neglected snd pistlpsned,
public credit endangered. hen, as to the c-t~ies
most of them deeply in debt,atit hardly able to pay e-en
the interest as it accrues; their bonds from lIi I0 30
per cent. below par, their internal improvements
abandoned in a great degree, and rea.,rt to) heave
taxes inevitable, with no prospect of itmmedmate im-
provement in their condition. As to the affanis of in-
dividuals: what kind of business is proresoeus I-
Manufactures have largely declined; ,,aitinerce, dis-
tinct from navigation, diminished; maternal trade
-reatly reduced; specie Liiments ssi'peniesl over a
r..ntsdertsble portion of the Union, and but lately re-
sumed in the great Stlue of Pennaylhants ; and 'com
all quarLers -f the land, as with one "eoice, a demand
for a bankrupt law, io relieve the business of the
country from the enormous pressure of debl which
now bears ni down to the dust.


How is it with the planting Stales-the growers of
the great staple four experts I Are they prosperous I
Why. sir, the marshal of Msississippi returns to us
that he has receiesrd for 6e- last year the enormous
sum of eighltv-sesven thousrs,n dollars, growing out of
the immense number ofui'slna iitiuted fior the recove-
ry of debis. The banks ,' the Slate are unable to
pay the stiuall amounts aill due to the Unirted States
fCr deposiles, and hale applied for still longer post-
poneocent. How is it in Albhanm, and the olhert ct-
inn-growing regions"i Cotlon, I believe, h.r. been
rainig last yeaiir from 5 lto or 8 cenht--probablv not
bringing over I1 or to the planter. I recollect to hae
,een it stated within a few years that ihe cost of th.
production of cotton was about 7 or 8 cents Some
rerleinc-n cbnr probably put ne rgl2ht on that matter.
[Mr. Huhbard, of Alatiarna, nodded assent to the
etaleneni ] The hunorai'le nmcnller signifles that 1
am correct. The c.,-si to ihi plariter, iherelbre, has
been quite equalI to, perhaps in some instances greater
than, the amount he has been able to sell for. Is that
a prosperous condiiijn olf things The Sccretary
aiys It is a source ofgrea, satir-taction to witness
the indicasons which ihe unprecedented amount of
exports, during the last four years, has grien of the
continued prospersry of the countryy" &c. Again,
' The general prosperity has been such a i to crests
a large surplus ofproduiicis, and to enable us to send
abroad inmmen.e and incr'caad raluies of Ihem, how-
eser great Ithe complaints hise been as t1 low pitces."
Now, ir. ifprice- are so I-'wv as scarcely to remunerate
the producerr, it doc" not srinke me that the real tuan-
miy produced is iery good evidence of prosperity -
General pr.[speiity ins aade up of individual prosperitly,
and how the cuntn, as a a hole, cron be .iucceisslul,
%hen all branches of in4 business i.s de1.rrssed, is not
sery apparent tm my mind Undoubtedly it is better
to produce and sell even at low prices, and thus fur-
nish, as fiar as it goer, means of extinguishing our eo-
reign indebiedne!s, than not tu produce al all; beausa
the laborers, if not einpl.ioyed, mu.t still be subsisted
and clothed; and if they cannot earn more than half
iheir support, il is better tudo.) that than remain in idle.
rnce.s All thal can be said is, that by reason of our
great prodiicton, though no. prorit is made upon il, we
are' not s. de,-ply insoled anid so niuch distressed as
we should be if the crops eliuel' failed The grain-
growing sections of the country-the great Vealt, the
growers of pork and other proi-aons-are they pros-
petous 'I Do they find ready markets and remune-
rating prices We know thai it is nut so; and yet
Se Iae rt.-:.rdtd eridenrr, ,tof' lh r.'.perrty .of the
c-juntry." Sir, I should like to real his record else-
where than in the ursisersal embarrassment and de-
piession ovhich broods over the hole land and all,
all brought upon it withi this very period which the
Secretary has selected as one unexampled in prospe-
rous de%'lopnrments"-all within the last eight years.
Thee recorded esidrnce" to which the Sirretary re-
t'fers a found only in the .asul receipts into the Treasu-
ry which haer enablEd him to accomplish the great re-
sults he has enttui rated The Secretary has not al-
ways considered it in that lighl The enormous re-
cripts alluded to occurred chiefly in tiwoyears, 1835
and 1836, and in a considerable degree from most ex-
iraordinary an. unexpected sales of put-lic land.-
The receipts of I F35 were about $35,500,000, of which
15,0(il ,1:tJ were derived from the lands. The re-
ceipts of I 3A36 were close upon 49,000000, of which
ouer 24010tt.ij)0 were dceri rd' from lands.


Whole amount for two years, F84,303,fl51
Expenditures during the same years, 41,23',0,)0
Excess of receipts, $37,054,051
These years, therefore, are the great source ofthe vast
receipts which the Secretary now re-Iardi as "record-
ed evidence" of our prosperity, because the receipts of
the last four years have not equalled the expenditures.
Sir, I cannot but recollect how often, within the last
two years, I hare heard the importations and the land
sales of those years denounced as "ovr.-tradinmg"'-
"speculation"-forced nr by bank ex pansions-grow-
ing out of fictitious er-dit; andJ as the cause of all the
embarrassments and revulhiorn which followed The
specie circular was issued avowedly to check the land
sales which were going oin tlo such dangerous extent.
What vehement leniruiciations have we not listened
to both of banks and of State debts, as occasioning
such enormous importations from abroad, destructive
of our industry and our resources I And yet It was
these very importations and sales which furnished the
Treasury with money-now relied upon as "recorded
evidence of the prosperity of the country." The Se-
cretary himself, in his report to Congress in Dec., 1838,
says: "An over-flowing tide of speculation and bank
issues like that of 1836 is not anticipated, while the re-
cent evils and disasters from these sources are fresh in
remembrance." He was constrained "at that time"
to regard many of the appearan-es qf extlraordinaey
proap.rity as delui're, the existing surplus as tempo-
rary and fllac-Lous,"& &c. _
By what strange process is it that this faUllacy, these
delusive appearances, have become entitled to the
great weight and the high authority of '"re.o'rded evi-
dence i But, sir, nut to hold the Secretary bound by
opinions expressed tw,, ears age, and which he may
hare since changed, we find in ithisa same document-
the report of this year-a repetition of the same sen-
timents. Having stated the great results which he
has accomplished, he nexi proceeds to explain the dif-
ficulties which he has h to encounter. One ot' the
greatest evils to the public service, as well as to the se-
curity of private business, during a part of the above
period, has consisted in the fluctuations to which both
have been subjected."
These fluctuations are exhibited, among other proof,
in the great falling off of imports, which he says,
"fell within twoyears from near one hundred and nine-
ty millions to one hundred and fourteen; and in the
single year just past, almost sixty millions." Such
inflations and contractions must be destructive of all
confidence in calculati..ns for the future, while the
causes of them shall continue to operate unremedied.
What are these causes 1 They will be Iound to have
beenchiefly connected with the abuses of banking.
On the occasion just referred to, they were the super-
abundance of a fictitious medium of circulation, with
the attendant overtrading and speculations in 1836,
and the consequent suspension of specie payments in
1837 as well as the disasters and scarcity of apy me-
dium till the latter part of 1838." Then another ex-
pansion, he says, and "increase of imports of nearly
fifty millions,' followed by contractions, suspensions,
and commercial reverses. The great principles of
trade can never be long violated with impunity. And
any fictitious or unnatural excess of credit soon ends
in revulsions," &c. I understand the Secretary, in
all this to affirm that in 1836 "the great principles of
trade" had been violated; that revulsion necessarily
followed- that there was a superabundance of ficti-
tious credit, bringing on overtrading and speculation;
the consequence of which was, suspension of specie
payments, disasters, and scarcity of any medium, &c.
He ys, also, "some imprudences abroad may have
augmented the evils here." Now, if all this be so, I
cannot comprehend how it is that the operations of
these Tears of abundant revenue and large receipts-
operations which have brought in their train reverses,
disasters, and evils, and have inflicted such deep and
wide-spread injury upon the country-how it can be
that they furnish evidence of great fiscal ability and
unexampled prosperity. According to the Secretary's
statement, we have been undergoing, in pretty rapid
succession, for several year, these alternate contrac-
tions and expansions; or, to use another expression
of his, the community has been kept under the con-
stant excitement and depression of the hot and cold
fits of a violent fever." Is that a condition of health I
Does it indicate prosperity I I shall not now go into
the consideration of the causes of the re, ulion s and
fluctuations which we have experienced. They may
all tie directly traced to the action of the Government
,I,-t,", ..j whisLte-PCr.orl disaat'r the community has
unlergone, the Administration is responlb' tor
Th u I hold to he clearly di'..%iistrable
Mr. Chairman, I base endeavored to confine mny at-
tention to the present condilion of the Treasury, and
to its probable necessCities during the present year.
As to what will I'e the state .sfalairsd in the next and
succeeding years, I shall not now undertake to exa-
mine. I have no expectation that this Congress will
look so far in advance as that. Very heavy burdens,
I am aware, will be thrown upon the coming Admin-
istration for many yeats, by thie measures and policy
of that whieh is about to Clse The aggregate I shall
not venture to compute. Il l-.'i already said ihat I
shoulld prefer early fiction i.r. th. pal tofCongress to
supplv irohn. the -Idinarv sources ofl oenue, sufficient,
means, n,,t only for this vear, but for the future. I
de-pair of that The I.reaent measure I consider
wth.llv inadequate for the service of the wholeyear;
tut ,t will relieve the Treasury from present emnibar-
rassments and keep the wheels ,f Government
r.,Iling vet awhile. i'o the wisdom spd patriotism of
th.rsesho are so soon to enter upon the administra-
tiin etf tile G.overnment. and to succeed us in these
s.-,lat, I 10 lok wth c.,nfidence for such measures as
,,hall re.re not ,.nly the revtnueofthe Government,
but the buslnt '' and prosperity and lhappinessmof the
Pe, '.,e.

asiifnglton 5P usCUm.
CORNER OF FOUR-AND-A-HALF AND D BTiREz'.
Containing a great variety ..f Shells, Coin, and
obcr ,uriosit,,es. Among lhich is, a perfectly ,Wh
Rat, two American Eagles, and a fine C-wl, all aliv.
Open every day from i A. M till dark.
Adnittance 2 cents; Children half prielt.
feb 13












THE MADISONIAN.

BRITISH MODESTY.
W'e take the following extract Irom the Colo-
nial Magazine, for January, published in Lon-
don. 11, as is thought, it expresses the views of
Lord Palmerston, iit is important. We are now,
it seems, to be intimidated into concession t, the
entire claims of the British. Possibly the delay
in the negociation of the Boundary question is
improved in the preparation of the squadron al-
luded to. Shall we see only when the fleet is in
view ?
From the Culojial ,lagaziifef.r Jan IE41
Artitle-Aniratrs.
"It is our duty to lettlc at onre the boundary qucs-
lion. We are now maintaining a large and expen-
sive army in Canada and New Bruniswick; let a
powerful squadron of ships of the line, heavy frigases,
steam-ships, and bonib.'esse-ls, be ordered to rendez-
'ou. in Halifax at the opening f.t" ,he navigation in
spring, and mies-ures be, in the mean time, taken,
through our Minister at Washington, to declare, per-
emptoril), that thle boundary must be rixed within a
given lime. As the American- are always so ready
to take advantage of the imag ned ditliculties of Eng-
land, let us not lose the pr.-sem opportune period t1r
the claiming and establishing of rights, which have
been f,'audhnufy withheld '

EXAMINATION OF THE ELECTORAL
VOTES.
Wednesday being the day appointed l..r ihe of-
ficial examination of the tote! for President and
Vice President of the United States, the two
H-ou.es proceeded at twlv-e o'clock to the eXe-
cutioun of the order in regard to it, adopted on the
2d inst.
A message having been received by the Stn-
iate, that the House of Representatives was ready
to receive them, the Senators prece(ded by 'he
Vice Presid-nr, the Sergeants-at-Arms of the
two Houses, the Secretary and his assistanit,
went to the Hall, and tookthe s-eats provided for
them on the right of the Chair. They were re-
ceived by the minember standing: The V'ice-
President was conducted to the Chair as presi-
ding officer of the mneeting,- the Speaker occu-
pying aseaton his left. Mr. PREcsr':N, the i. lkr
on the part of the Senate, and Messrs. CusHiNo
anrd JOHN W. JoNcE, the tellers on the part ofthe
House, took the places-a-i:igned to them at the
Clerk's table.
The Senators and Representatives being seat-
ed, the Vice President proceeded to open the
packets addressed to him containing the votes of
the different States. These having been read at
length by the tellers, and complete lists having
been made, the Vice President then rose and
announced the following result:
Whole number of votes for Presid,-nt, 294
Of which WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON
received ----- 234
MARTIN VAN BUREN 60
He therefore declared WtLLIAM HENRY HAR-
rIsoN, of Ohio, duly elected President of the
United States for four years from the 4th of
March, 1S41.
Whole number of votes for Vice President,
294.
Of which John Tyler, of Va., receive I 234
Richard M. Johnson, of Ky. 48
Littleton W. Tazewell, of Va. 11
James K. Polk, of Tenn. 1
1He therefore declared JOHN TYLER, of Va.,
duly elected Vice President of the United States
for four years from the 4th of March. 1841.
-After this announcement, the Senate retired
' to their Chamber; and a joint committee cot-
sisting of Mr. Preston, of the Senate, and
Messrs. Cushing and Wise, of the House, hav-
ing been appointed to wait on General Harrison,
and inform him of his election, the two Houses
immediately adjourned.

ARRIVAL OF GEN. HARRISON.
The President elect of the United States
reached this city on Tuesday by the morning
train of cars from Baltimore, between 11 and
12 o'clock.
His arrival at thte-Railroad Depot was an-
nounced by agun from Capitol Hill, andnotwith-
standing a very heavy and unpleasant snow
storm which began early in the morningand con-
tinued during the day, the avenues were filled
with multitudes of citizens and strangers, who
had assembled to behold and hail the man who
has been chosen by the united voices of the peo-
ple to preside over the affairs of the Republic.
According to the programme of arrangements
previously published, the citizens, including the
Central Democratic Tippecanoe Club, assem-
bled at half past nine o'clock at the City Hall,
and moved in procession to the Depot, When
the gun was fired announcing the arrival of the
cars, the agitatiun of the multitude was im-
mense, and the rush to the doors of the car
house so great that it seemed impossible after-
wards to preserve the lines. Pr ceded by the
Marine Band, the procession, with Gen. Harri-
son on foot at its head, moved ilirojgh the two
lines of people to the City Hall. Notwithstand-
ing the continual fall of snow, the steps and
balconies of the houses along the streets were
crowded with people, including great numbers
of fair ladies, to whose animating cheers of
welcome, the General, with head uncovered,
gracefully bowed acknowledgment. All were
inspired with enthusia---nrulhitudr., were
.--- urtuot rtvj th,,ld the venerable- tia, of the far-
famed Hero of Tippecanoe, while many farm-
ers from the surrounding country, and mecha-
nics of our own District were eager to welcome
the deliverer of the country, in whom all their
present hopes of good government are now cen-
tred. On reaching the "Odd Fellows Room,"
at the City Hall, the Chairman of the Commit-
tee of Reception, who is also Mayor of the city,
addressed the President [leer as follows:


"In obedience, rir, to the wishes of my fellow-citi-
zens or Wauhngit.n, I beg leare to oiTrr it, y.,u, in
their nanie, ia cordial and hlart'elt welco.-ime t, thl bl Ml-
lropolhs,:'lthe Union. They could not hae-assigr.-d
Lionmeia duliy mnorn gratilving tomnyown ie.ling, our one
a hicl I should be m.nore proud to perform.
"As there was no p'riion of the American People
ho hadJ so deep a sutlkc in the is-ue of the late Presi-
dential EletioLn as the inhabitanti o' this city, there
%as no portion ofl'lhrn who fell a ,Jep:r s.-li:ilu.Je in
the event of it, or a more sincere and grateful uy at if.
glorious re.ull.
"Although the peculiar sul-iertsc of Federal legisla-
tion, and at the mercy, a5 it were, ofthe Federal ru-
lers, the people uf thli cily yet d.ared to duink il,
themselves, and.publicly to aiow their iliappir, al or
the riesuies ol' the Admini tration ; th I dared i. in-
"oke thoir countyr.men throughout the niun lo rir
up and rescue the Governm.-ent irom ihe handsof tihot
who Ihad abused their Initr,,and whose rule had proved
stn iisastrous to the public weal.
Fur exercising this sacred right-a right inseparable


from every just notion of republican liberty-a right
never questioned but by tyrannls, and never surrender-
ed bwt by slaves; for exercising this fre American
privilege, thcy have been subjected 1o nIdLinitlies and
oppressiuns which pul to shame ihe iuIt flgrant of
those acts of British opictssion which irnpclled,,ui fa-
thers to take uparms. Sbull, undismnayed by the omiena-
e-esof power, ariJ unsubdued by inju.licf, tlhu pli1ile
of Washington shrank noi from their duty. They
continued to afstthl ih tree right of opinion arid ,-1
spieeh, to priocliii then oiran wiontgs an-I those of
thFirciuntry, and t. luear e.tliininny again, the-irner.m-
petency and unf.iithfulnes, of tie public rulers, and
they have the proud satl laitLn >,i .' beliemng thai their
VOILce was 11lot hll'gtLher unh-itrd in the awakrl(ninguf
their countrvitie'n t.i sense of the rublic danger, and
to the necessity of a change in the Execil l-io-
ernment.
"Elesen years ago, sir, you returned I, tha city
from an honor.iatile and important litlt at-road, the tiilst
ictin-i of a remioseles political .r.i-ecrtiption, nili th,ii
unknown to our history You now enter I1 it thecall
of your country, to lake the place i tho,.se who pio-
scribed ou, anid to occupy the elealedil ilstationi which
was prosititued to your pereecuti.,n-iliu signal) re
tukinj an inoleiance aliei to thc spir i t' fliberti, and
furniSming an example ofl' reirliutilve jutiec honorat-le
Io our reputblican institutions, ianii clie ring to ihr
friend.s of free Government
'"The naeessi'v ol ieforiri i inscribed un esery linea-
nient of the N tioiial A.J. inisr..ii.,n -and ou, ,ir,
have been chsen by m.ir counitr the hinortii iisru-
mrcnt of that ref rn' 'ii, i : i he hopi o 01 ihe niinn
ate n.ow centre-h--hopte, ind:.,.J, IT%,I N I-right .y tn.
dohbting conlidente
"HIappily, ir, in ,our k now n character and past his-
tory we have oiery Ngutr.litv .or a faithful, wise, and
horU. ,tsd nniitsiration ul iote 'ltbhe allair-, ara.ilj .- hAIsc
only Io piay that 1i it:y pr,,ti eaieaa hiapiy fr].your I'cr-
,.riall a- wi, ar conlibi n11 l I t IN i U1- ala niintage.ou- "..r
our iuililtI,.n eourii[l [
"In ithe naimnofl MY I' 1lo o-citizens I makeyou wel-
come I, the city of ',tir olti.i.,l residence."
To this address General Harrison briefly but
happily reply ied He thanked the peopleof Wash-
ington for their cordial reception. A long and
intimate acquaintance with them had left no
room to doubt thal li hhuiild bF r(7.:i6i edamongst
them with kindnes-s. WI'rehe to look round for
a society in which to I,-.iat hinimself while exe-
cuting the functions of the Presidential office, it
would be dilfiilt to find one preferable to that
of Washington. He looked forward to social
intercourse with the citizens with pleasure.
With respect to the unpropitious circum-
stances of the affairs of the District, to which
theMa) ur had alluded in his address, Gen. H.
said, whatever they might be, he begged him to
believe that there was ni di'loiiit on wantingon
hi;, part, by all the legal means within his pow-
er, to contribute to 'hEir iMnplrovement or refor-
mation.
Mr. J. A. BLAKE, President of the Central
Democratic Tippecanoe Club, was then intro-
duced to General HARRISON, and made him a
brief and iieat address on behalf of the Club, to
which the General replied in appropriate terms.
After ihi- cerrinnurlI, an hour was spent in a
personal introduction of many hundred citizens.
The General appeared to be, in fine health and
spirit, and the people seemed to be well pleased
with "he- courteav and kindness with which they
were received.
He 7was then escorted by the Committee to
his lodgings at Gadsby's Hotel, where he also
received visits from a large number of his fel-
low-citizens, including many distinguished mem-
bers of Congress. The General, the gentlemen
of his suite, (Mes-r Chambers, Todd, Cope-
land, and R. Wickliffe, jr.,) and the Baltimore
Committee who had attended him to this city,
and the Mayors of Georgetown and Alexandria,
were afterwards entertained at dinner by the
Committee of Reception.
Gen. HARaRtISON will remain at Gadsby's Ho-
tel during his present visit.

QUESTION OF'AN EXTRA SESSION.
With the Richmond Whig, Alexandria Ga-
zetlle, Albany Err.-ning Joiurnal, N. Y. Log Ca-
bin, Cincinnaili tcpuhlicanr, and other respecta-
blh democratic journals, and with Mr. Webster,
we have fully concurred in the opinion that an
extra session of Congress should be averted,
if pu-iible to do so, with due regard to the pub-
lic interests. We have, however, on several
occasions, and as early as December last, ex-
pressed our apprehension that the conduct of the
expiring ilynaiyty would render an early convo-
cation of Congress absolutely necessary. The
experience of the winter, thus far, has strength-
ened our impressions. The efforts of nearly
every democratic member of Congress have
been directed to the passage of such measures
at this session as would obviate the necessity of
new legislation before the next regular meeting
of Congress; but in vain. The Loco-focos
have been as obstinate and perverse, as they are
obdurate In reference to all the crying wants of
Sthe country. They have resisted or impeded
every democratic measure, and wasted more
than two-thirds of the session in passing in one
branch a five million Treasury note bill, and in
the other, in ena,-:i.iri- a prospective pre-emption
law not at present called for, or necessary. All
bill,, amendments, or motions of relief, they
have invariably voted down or refused to take up.
Thi Loco-foco ptnt going out, know very well
that, they will leave behind them an exhausted
Treasury, a decreasing revenue, and millions of
suspended ippropriiiii., unsettled claims, and
dead debt. The liabilities of the Government,
ar,,,rdtia to Mr. Barnard's estimate, are $40,-
380,000! And with a full knowledge of all this
indebtedness, with a full knowledge of the ad-
ditional exactions of specie under the Sub-Trea-
sury law, and of the fact that five millions of re-
venue is still to be cut off within the next
twelve months by the operations of the compro-
mise act, what do they propose ? What will
the. permit? Why the stoppag., of all legisla-
tion ex,?epirii, au act .Lar*lL~tJi-;.i-e i--' rsi.. .f
five millions Tr,.a'ury notes. Of this amount
they will probably expend two millions before
the 4th of March, so that Mr. Wise's amend-
ment, which has already led some to suppose au-
thorizes five millions of Trea.ttrv notes to be
issued by the new administration, in reality au-
ihirizes n-il more than two millions; an amount
which would not last more than a month. But
at best it is oairly horrowingi of Peter to pay Paul,
nt knowing when or where they can procure


the me-an to reimburse Peter. Is this perma-
nent. proviilenti, sensible statesmanship? Is it
more than poitponin. ilftirc.wn debts for Gen.
H.trri;ron to pay %i tilhOul retin,;?
Dtyrind the (niharra-ine -nis of the Govern-
ment itself, look at the condition of the country!
A third linim -since Mr. Van Buren undertook
the administration of public affairs, have the
banks suspended payment-a third time has
all confidence been dissipated, and disaster and
cnnfu'i.r., fallen like pallon the circles of trade
and commerce. We have seenan hundred mil-
lions of banking capital struck out of existence
within the last few \' irs, and that which exists
cu-tiriend mn-it[ i-i ti,' i vauol of Owibanks. We
have seen the chantnli- of' indut-iry torn from
those natural conjunctionis and mutually depen-


dent relations, which are essential to tranqutliit
and property. We see multitudes petrioeini.
for the benefits of a national system of bank.
ruptcy. We s ee the public stocks sicking to
cotiiiarative-ly nor thing. We see a majority of
States th-melvcq struggling in debt, and in
sOtIc case-s absolutely threatened with bank-
ruptev. Even Virg-inia, remaining comparative-
iy passive, we see se-eking a loan to pay her cur-
rent expenses. As forAmerican credit, at home
and abroad, it has received a hock from n A which
scarce half a century will relieve it. Nor is this
paraly i' confined merely toour fiscal and com-
mercial affairs. It extends to our arms and de-
fences. OurArmy is neatly wholly absorhc-d in
the swamps of Florida-our Navy is but a spec-
tre on the sea, while in scarcely an instance are
our coast defences in a condition to repel the in-
vasion of an enemy. Great Britain knows all
this, and lenc -eiztes and searches our vessels
with indifference, pushes on her settlements in
Oreg,.n wih intimpunity, and laughs al our de-
mands upon her to settle the Nurtht-a'tern boun-
dary of MNlain,, and the Nurtlhi-rni boundary line
of Wiskonsan. Have we no sagacity, no re-
sources, no patriotism ?
It is in the power of Congress to restore confi-
dence, i,-.-',la,, the curry nnry, lay a tax for ade-
quate revenue, pay oflt ihe public debt created by
Mr. Van Buren, re-burnish and replenish our
arms and ammunition, maintain our national
rights, and re-animate the Republic in such a
manner that, iftranquility and pr.,osp-ril are not
fully restored and maintained, it will be no fault
of the Government. Will Congress do it thih
session?
The way for a beginning at least, to a,':om-
plish some of these benefits, is clear. It is as
clear to the present Congress as it possibly may
be to the next. If it is not seen and pursued, it
is to be attributed to the blindness of faction,
and the perverseness of Loco-foeoism.
Past experience admonishes us that little
is to be hoped for from the existing Congress-
much less can be expected from the present Ex-
ecutive. The will of the people cannot be ex-
ecuted until both these obstructions have passed
away. The moment they are removed, there-
fore, is it not proper that immediate steps should
be taken, to give to the country as soon as pos-
sible whatever benefits are to be derived from
the great and radical changes in the men, men-
mures, and policy of the Government which the
late elections indicated 7
It will be for President Harrison and his Cabi-
net to determine whether an extra session should
be called. We have no doubt they will weigh
well the arguments for and against such a step.
And if the inconvenience, the expense, and the
danger either of precipitating legislation or of
doing nothing, with other reasons calculated to
raise doubt, outweigh those which grow out of
the necessities of the Treasury and the expec-
tations of the country, then, we trust, indeed
expect that no extra session will be called. But
if, on the contrary, the condition of the
Treasury, the burdens of the Sub-Treasury op-
erations, the state ofthe currency, &c., &c., &c.,
are found to require new legislation, we Lcannot
doubt but that Congress will be convoked at an
early day. For ourselves, we are content to
leave the whole question to Gen. Harrison and
his Cabinet, in whose justice and wisdom we
have entire confidence, and we are disposed to
leavetheir judgment to be made upon the facts
and the reasons they shall discover for them-
selves, without any reference whatever to news-
paper opinions.

THE CLAMOR ABOUT PROSCRIPTION.
The Official organ parades, in an editorial ar-
ticle, an extract from a recent speech of Senator
Tappan, making, besides many unfounded and
insolent insinuations against Mr. CLAY, the fol-
lowing charge:
"We have heard the Senanir describe, in his gra-
phic way, how the next Administration would make
a clear sweep of all office-holders, with probably no
exception."
There is not a particle of truth in this state-
ment. Mr. Clay did not make the declaration
here attributed to him, nor any thing like it. It
is one of the numberless misrepresentations
which the Globe puts forth editorially, of the re-
marks of Senators-and Mr. Tappan has adopt-
ed it from that polluted source. Mr. Clay had,
in the course of his speech on the repeal of the
Sub-treasury, casually referred to the reports that
the Administration party designed to prolong
their patronage and power after the fourth of
March next, by means of resignations on the
part of those whore terms are to expire soon
after that day, and by prematurely filling up other
offices; and, he said, that if the Senators on
the other side flattered themselves with the idea
that General Harrison would be prevented by
any such contrivances from execising his consti-
tutional rights, and being actually President
from the 4th of March next, they would probably
find themselves mistaken. With regard to the
removal of subordinates, who have been attend-
ing to the proper business of their offices, he
spoke in such terms as to call forth from Mr.
BUCHANAN a compliment to his liberality.
It is, however, d Jif- i'._ to find the conductors
and contributors of the Globe, Loco-foco Sena-
tors, and other spoilsmen raising their hands
and voices in holy horror against "removals."
To refresh the memories of these persons and
to show the country what reason they have .
,ii'i.ii. jn, it aid'un,?,', auil iwilhi what grace they
can, under any circumstances, cry out "pro
scription," we present a few extracts, taken at
random from the paper which was their official
organ in 1829.
Hear how one of these writers (probably
Amos Kendall himself) urged the necessity of
making "a clear sweep of all office holders."
"One of the duties imposed on the President Elect
is, to see that the laws are faithfully executed. For
this he is responsible to the people. How can we ex-


pect that duty to be faithfully done, if he retains in
office the partisans and retainers of Mr. Clay 1
We ask any man of common sense, whether a
friend of General Jackson, who has promoted his elec-
tion, under a solemn pledge to the people that the
public abuses will be corrected under his Administra-
tion, will not be more likely to aid in reforming those
abuses, than a partisan of Mr. CrAY, wiho has opposed
iit ,ti t,., .:F-r General Jackson, under a pledge to the
people that there were no abuses to correct I"
Observe again how the same organ expre.es
surprise that any one should doubt whether
there would be a general removal.
"We wonder if the editors can be serious in ex-
l.'.e.inrg the President to be able to work that efficient
reform which the people look for at his hands, if he
retains in office, to the exclusion tIlI in fried nd ,ud I.


advocates of rfbrm, those political enemiesfaimitisr-
a:ed to the abuse and corruption of the preced;n z Ad-
miniitralton '
The following paragraph. wuuld apply, per-
haps, not inaptly to some of tho-,e % ho have la-
bored to ge- up this clamor in advance.
The 'ery word (Ri.fl'rm) rit, like an electric
shock upon zome men, %%ho, knov,,i- that they ought
t.:. be removJed, rind Lhemsele-s in tuliec
One olf the first objects of such men is to prevent
the action of the President upor. them, by getting cer-
ltficaLs uf guod beha% ito
SThe object is well understood. They expect to
alarm the President out of all reform, lest it should be
ulribLuted to his advisers.
'T he character of the President is the best reply
we can make to such efforts.".
Hear how the arguments and remonstrances
against indiscrimiiaie rptuos, ipriprin were answer-
ed bi those who now are so shocked at the idea
of any removals!
"The cry for reform by thb people is loud enough
to drown all screams and cancel all sickly appeals to
magnaniiiitv or personal friendship for official salva-
tion."
If there be any man in office who would starve if
turned out, it is at once an argument for his remo-
val."
"Root, hog, or die !"
The following extracts present some of the
reasons which were urged by the spoilsmen for
the "clear sweep of all office-holders."
"We expect General Jackson to punish Messrs.
* *-* s-and * s *-because the first is un-
fit for his situation, and the other two are servile
tools."
We expect him to punish Mi. N., the Register of
the Treasury."
," We expect him to punish Messrs. * *-* *
and * and a host of other subordinate libellers,
,y al..ntirii4 as their successors men who will dis-
cl,,,r.- their duty to him and to the public."
"We expect him to extend this salutary system of
reform to every branch of the Government."
"He has been selected by the people under the hope
that he will do so."

The following exquisite specimen of delicacy
and modesty is a genuine extract from a speech
of the Hon THOMAS H. BENTON, actually de-
livered in the Senate of the United States a few
days ago, and published in the Globe of Satur-
day evening.
"Mr. President, you may recollect the part
which it fell upon ME to sustain, during the
tvet, ll panic, and the expunging session;-
and Ihow I was accustomed to answer on the
spot ALL the speakers of the Opposition, replying
not only to their speeches generally, but to their
arguments in detail. MY friends were often
nirpri:dt the promptitude and fullness of
thec'- ripli. They have often expressed AS-
TONISHMENT at it: and now, sir, I can tell you
how it happened. I kept MY eye upon the fu-
gleman! I kept it upon the bank press, &c. &c.
I shall still keep my eye upon the fugleman.-
This is what I shall do, and what I have al-
ready done, and with good effect!"
The honorable Senator has found a fugleman.
What has become of his trumpeter?

DOINGS IN FLORIDA.
ST. AUGUSTiNE, E. Forida,
January 29, 1841.
THoMAs ALLEN, ESa.
Omu Territory, which has already been cruelly and
irreparably injured by the misrule of the administra-
tion of the greatest and best," and that of his" foot-
step" successor, has been of late, and now is, in a state
of great agitation and excitement, (especially the
Eastern portion of it,) in consequence of well authen-
ticated reports which are current among us-that it is
determined upon by Mr. Van Buren and his advisers,
(as if poor Florida had not already received more than
su fiteuii of enil at their kands) to fasten upon her
t hi r payitig curse, in the shape of a treaty of peace"
with the Indians, by which these devils in human
at1i11, some of whose hands are, at the very moment I
am writing, reeking with the blood of our slaughtered
women and children, are to be permanently located
upon a ?l,i. to remove them from which, has cost the
nation untold millions of money, and what is of far
greater importance, led to that which will prove, if the
now indicated policy of the present administration is
carried ,,ut, a useless and wanton waste of human life
Against a measure so fraught with ruin to Florida-
-so entirely destructive of the little hope by which her
ciitzet have been sustained under their protracted
and multiplied sufferings, as well as hostile to the true
interests of the United States, they will and must re-
monstrate in the strongest and most emphatic manner,
to :hie power itself, which meditates the evil; and
ihuulil their remonstrance be unheeded, their dernier
reliance must be upon an appeal to the Senate--that
sheet-anchor of the Government-and that body will,
we may not doubt, interpose to save us. On the score
of interest alone, this measure is wholly objectionable;
but ti t re a.re numerous other outweighing considera-
"imn t %isi;n_, in the case which should consign it to
utter i prol.i.-.n It proposes to cede to the savages
a large, and some of the fairest portion, at least as far
as chliniie is concerned, of the Territory; and there-
by st'iahlis-h upon our exposed seaboard frontier a popu-
lation which has never entertained towards the Ame-
ricans, as a nation, aught like genuine kindness of
feeling--a feeling not at all likely to be augmented
(even should they consent temporarily to suspend overt
acts of hostility) by the recollection of their present re-
lations with us. It seems to me that thus to locate
such a population, will be a course not only wholly at
war with sound policy, but inconsistent with common
discretion, as it regards our future intercourse with
the nations who hold sovereignty over the neighbor-
ing islands; and at the same time entail upon our con-
tiguous border settlement a condition of embarrassing
and painful insecurity. The ill-blood created by the
present struggle will continue until our generation
shall have passed away; and as well might we look
fur h1iarin,.,nrouu union 1, ia,,n rT.itlrtil- hy nutdrt" the
in ;j-ti ol.p.,irr expect that amity can even, for a season, prevail be-
tween the inhabitants of the country and those by
whom their homes have been made desolate, and their
families in cold blood butchered. To talk, then, of
peace, as a condition of things likely to endure, while
the Indians remain in the country, is worse than idle,
and bespeaks either a gross ignorance of human na-
ture, and especially|of the character of the savage, or a
most reprehensible disregard of the baleful conse-
quences which must inevitably result from any mea-
sure short of their absolute and entire removal. That


to such ignorance, the opposite policy in view is attri-
butable, I, for one, will not believe; for, if Mr. Van
Buren is not, by his own personal experience, enlight-
ened upon the subject, he has about him those who
know and can point out its utter madness and folly ;
and I can, therefore, discover but one rational way
to explain it-it is, nevertheless, one which however
litle, rhlil. l- to him it ni.iy be, I am compelled, by the
force of facts, to adopt, namely: That his project of
treaty and peace with the Seminoles, is designed as
an iiil.oisture upin the pci,[e ,,fthe 1n1ro.il SLatr, by
which he hopes to secure to himself the crerlit ofrlos-
ing an expensive and disgraceful war, at the moment
hie is going out of power, "by a false peace"--a peace
which he well knows will exist only in name--and in-
volve the new administration in the odium of renew-
ing hostilities, which will, in truth, have never ceased.
A FLORIDIAN.


.oston C'orrcsponbcncrc.
Bosrt.N, Fetruary ti, 1841
THE TARIFF.
I was plea-'l thll the remarks of Mr. Cushing re-
lative to the tariff, and my views are ip unison with
his in wishing for a discriminating tariff, not a high
protective tariff with extravagant duties, for the pro-
tection of one class of manufactures to the manifest
injury of another class, but a tariff that will give equal
protection to all the diversified interests of every sec-
tion of this country. We ask not for a tariff that will
give revenue to exceed the wants of the Genieral Go-
vernment, for we deprecate a distribution of t ihe sur-
plus moneys among the States, but revenue that l Will
meet only the wants of the Government, rnoithing
more. I am satisfied that duties must he laid ere long
on either luxuries or necessaries, or both, as it i appi-
rent to every observer that the revenue from customs
under the Compromise act will fall far short of the ac-
tual and necessary expenses of the Government.-
With these views, Iamn of th ,,I,,n,..n that a Jidcnrii-
nating duty of twenty per i:en tu,, -lih.iiilil be IVI-il .,r
silk hats, silk bonnets, silk dr, -, ,, s.lk para.ols and
umbrellas, believing the manufacturer of these several
articles ought to be protected from foreign competition,
with the same justness as well as the wool, sugar and
cotton grower. A like duty should be imposed on
gunny-cloth, immense quantities of which are now
imported, and used exclusively for bagging cotton, to
the manifest injury of the Kentucky manufacturer.-
The tariff law of 1832 imposed a duty of 3 1-2 cents
per square yard on cotton bagging without regard to
weight, width or quality, if suitable for and used for
cotton bagging. At the time of the passage of this
act, gunny-cloth, (which is made of jute, a species of
grass of the East Indies,) was not known in commerce
as cotton bagging, consequently it has been decided in
our courts as free of duty, although it is suitable for,
and used exclusively for bagging cotton. Crude salt-
petre should be taxed a like duty, and for similar rea-
sons, as it is imported in a crude state (so decided in
our courts) nearly equal to the best of American re-
fined. The muslin de lanes of France, which are
composed wholly of combed wool, should pay the
same rate of duty of the muslin de laWes of Eni.I ,n d
which contain a moiety of cotton.
There are many perplexing questions involved in
the phraseology of the Compromise act in relation to
worsted goods, and therefore a revision of the tariff
would be not only satisfactory to the merchant,
but of much pecuniary interest to the Govern-
ment. For instance, the Compromise act makes free
of duty the following, to wit: "bleached and un-
bleached linen, table linen, linen napkins, and linen
cambrics, and worsted stuff goods, shawls, and other
manufactures of silk and worsted, manufactures of
silk, or of which silk shall be the component material
of chief value, coming from this side of the Cape of
G.od Hope, except sewing silk." Now, shalloons com-
posed entirely of combed wool are admitted entry free.
Why ? because they are known in mercantile parlance
as worsted stuff goods. Serges, on the contrary, com-
posed of the same material are dutiable because not
known in mercantile phraseology as worsted stuff
goods. Worsted damask table-covers are liable to the
woollens duty, while worsted damask in the piece is
free of duty. Worsted and linen hearth-rugs, sealots,
&c., are charged with a duty of 15 per centum asa
non enumerated article, (by decision of court) while
carpet bags of the same materials are liable to the
woollens duty. Silk twist is free osfduty because our
District Court has decided that it is not sewing silk,
which is the only exception in said act. Shawls of
most all descriptions under this act are made free of
duty, because the merchant ordersthe manufacturer to
make silk the component part of the article, and which
will constitute the chief value. The cotton grower
and manufacturer will be benefitted should a duty be
levied on both silks and linens, as its use would be as-
tonishingly increased.
The tariff needs a revision from the fact that the
Compromise act omitted to make the same reduction on
bounties paid on refined sugar and domestic spirits, ex-
ported, as on the raw material when imported. It has
been ascertained tha had the same *reduction taken
place in the rate of drawback, as in the rate of duty on
sugar in the raw state, a saving would have been made
in ;one year to the United States of about $80,000
in this one point on sugar alone.
No United States Bank stock is offered for sale in
this market. Boston bank stocks stand firm ; railroad
stocks are much soughtlafter, and prices steadily tend-
ing upward. __
ihtabelpihf(a corrcsponBlnce.
PHILADELPHIA, February 9, 1841.
U. S. Bank stock sold to-day at 30 cash. Exchange
on New York from 4 to 5 per cent. premium; specie
about the same.
As the U. S. Bank now receives only her own
notes and specie in payment of debts due her, they
will all soon be redeemed, and are now, in conse-
quence, nearly or quite as good as those of the other
banks. This is a measure ofjustice to the note hol-
ders and saves them from the tender mercies of the
brokers who would be very glad to depreciate the notes
and buy them up at tO per cent discount.
There was a meeting of the delegates from the dif-
ferent city and county banks on Monday evening, at
which measures were adopted for regulating the busi-
ness of the banks with each other, settling balances,
&c. It was %here determined, as I learn, to pursue a
restrictive policy and thereby prepare for a resumption
at as early a day as practicable. This policy will of
course have a tendency to lessen the amount of oat
circulating medium, now nearly reduced to a specie
basis. It may be that when we get quite down to
this basis-when not a dollar of paper can be found,
we may be "covered with blessings and benefits;" but
I cannot perceive, as we have descended in the scale,
that contraction has brought with it any extraordinary
" blessings and benefits" either to the rich or to the
poor, certainly not the latter; but, on the contrary, it is
evident to all that it has produced an almost total stag-
nation of business and consequently much distress
among those who have to depend on their industry for
support.
The Woods, vocalists, have gone to New York with
the intention of returning immediately to E,,glar,,Il
While Mrs. W. is universally esteemed and admired,
he has an excellent faculty of rendering himself most
excessively disagreeable to all with whom he comes in
contact. The truth is, I believe, he has a little too
much John Bullism about him, which we Brother Jo-
nathans never could admire. Mrs. Wood appeared at
Mrs. Bailey's benefit, on Saturday evening, and was
deeply affected by the kind manner in which the audi-
ence received her; but he did not deem it prudent to
make his appearance, and had already takeu his depar-
ture.


We have as yet no information of any action of our
Legislature consequent upon the suspension, though
we have a rumor that it will be legalized. This, I
presume, will be done, and the banks authorized to
issue small notes.
Several merchants from the South and West have
arrived here with U. S. Bank notes and drafts on the
Bank, and if our merchants art 'vt -e ciIouMh u rI.-r-'eie
these at par, New York and li.6i,..ii nay hj.i canu-.-
to regret the course pursued b itihr ir,,bker' i.i,'rds
the Bank. X. Y.

Gen. HARRISON yesterday made a visit to it,'
President of the United States. He expects it
leave the city in the course cfa day or two on a
visit to his relations in Virginia.
Among the strangers now in the city is the
Honr. Elisha Whittlesey, of Ohio.


Xrt Yorkt eorrrsponbentr.
NEw YoRK, February 9.
Ahhough the fact has not been officially promul-
gated,it is well und,'riood here that Robert H Mor-
ri, sa-. ,'n Friday jlst ,'mord by the Senate troin ihe
(.rfte if Re-coi.rtr tur Fir-t Judge of the Criminal
C.utrt uf thi. citv, andil Hon. Frederick A Tall-
muadte apiinittld in his stlead Confirmations usually
stAnd -..cr it) the nelt Exe-ntiie day, and I presume
ihi, change is announced in the Albany Evering
Journal of to-day.
Thie dclav in this ca-e has been ruainly caused by
the pI-ilinaciuus reesislance ol the Loco Foco minor.
rily in the Senate, to ir.,i ithe majority hace affordedI
t,%ry indulgen-e lMainl i..r inthe sake of delay, the
minority moued a reltrenir t- the whole mailtter to the
Aitt.rni,-y General Willis Halli ur his opini.ou there-
on. The nmajoriy realily consented, andl in due lituie,
Mr. Hall's opinion wias reei'.ed, I ha've nut seen
it, but I heir ilitha it i 3triumphant-itrresi.iirile ,n its
supportof" ,h LG>.'ein.,r's course
The Monry ..>ni'- continu-, here Stocks ari. all
lower to-day, except U S Bank, whiih clese.l at
28 1-2-2 pfr ci ii tl higher thai the 1c.i.,ng price yes-
terday. Sill. the i'ill st,,ihin a iew days t- tiemnien.
dous. Nrith Auericin Tins, snd Binkintr Company
isdowr, l *21 I 2; S,,iriiigtor, Rdilroad 27 3.4 Har-
lem 31 3-4; Canton Coniipiny "27, Virk-liurgh Bank
5 3-4!
Domestic Exchange has in.r, ,il ii-dsy On Phi-
ladelphia 4 a 5; Baltimore 3 I a 4, Richmond 4 1-2
a5; North Carolina 3 a 4; Augusa i.12 a 8, Mo-
bile 8 a 8 1- 2 ; New Orleans 5 a 5 1- Cincirirali and
Louisville 7 a 8, St. Louis8 a 10; Exchangeon Eng-
land remains 8 1-4 a 3-4.
Thewe is no fear of suspension here. Our City
Banks are stronger puasiively thanr eer b, fore. The
amount of specie in their vaults yesterday v as S5,5i04.-
000.
The Newl.urvrporti t. iMans ) Bank has been stoppedil
by the BanL C-orniiiassioncrs Iur some alleged irrrgula-
rity, but its I', rids alleg- its ritntr,- ol,,iiei It has
only $13,000 of cash resources in hand, v, hile lit liabi-
lities exceed 1UlUtij.0).
Our river is still closed above the Highlands, but
the ice is too weak for crossing with teams. Great in-
convenience is felt especially at Albany. where the
ri'er in often inmipa.-al.le by reason of unsound or float-
ing ice, and the mails are forced to go round tiy Troy,
7 miles above. The Albanians are resolved on hav-
inga brJdge of their own, which Troy will resist to
the uttermost. It would embarrass the naigation Io
Troy.
Produce looks down. Cotton is dull, and Westernm
Flour has been sold to-day for export at $4 75.
Bulwer's new novel, NIoGHT and MaomnIo, will be
published next week by the Harpers, anticipating its
reception from England. It is of the Ocreeau x School,
and abounds in -.aassges if thrilling inler sl
The same publishers have in press a most interest-
ing work, enboling -th reinsuls of Messrs. STCpuNr's
and CATHEaWOOD'S late exploration of ithe ruins of
Palenque, or the vast ruins of an ancient city which
are found in Southern Mexico, near the Indian village
of Palenque. The en,,iaings fur this work are pre-
paring at great cost in England, and the book will ap-
pear early in the spring. It will be one of great inte-
rest. Yours, HI iROLD.
The present circulation of the Madisonian is about
12,000.
Subscribers are permitted to forward their names un-
der the frank of Postmasters, We must again inf.'rm
them that letters cannot be received unless free or
postage paid.
THE SUSPENSION.
The Banks of Delaware have followed those
of Philadelphia in the example of suspension of
specie payments.
The effect of a third general suspension of
specie payments, will be, in our opinion, to
hasten that decision to which the public mind is
evidently tending in relation to the power of
Cunir. vs over the currency.
THE AMISTAD CASE.
This case, we understand, is to be argued before the
U. S. Supreme Court about the middle of the present
month.
Two long articles have appeared in the Globe upon
the subject. In the last one, copied from the New
York Evening Post, is contained the following sen-
tence:
"Mr. Calderon, in his first letter, on the 6th Sept ,
insists on the treaty, while M. de Argaiz says in so
many words, in his letter of the 26th November, 'Be
it recollected that the Legation of Spain does no de-
mand the delivery of SLAVES but ASSASSINS.' "
The language of Mr. d'Argaiz was, "porque es
precise no olvidar que Ila Legacion de Espana no pide
la extradicion de esclavos sino la de asesinos." And
would not this be the just translation I viz: "it must
not be forgotten that the Legation of Spain does not
ask the extradition of slaves, but that of murderers."
The term extradition is technical: of a ery different
meaning from delivery, and seems to exclude the idea
of property. It would be well to apprehend correctly
the language ofthe Spanish ministers; ibeforr an argu-
ment is based upon it. We ,.bc rve that several appa-
rent errors in the translation of the Spanish document
have been elsewhere pointed out.
BANK OF UNITED STATES.
The following resolutions were alp-ted by the
Board of Directors of this Bank on Thursday even-
ing last.
BANK OF THE UNITED STATES,
February 4, 1841. $
At a special meeting of the Board of Directors of
the Bank of the Unrted States, held at the banking
house, the foll,.winr preamble and resolutions were
unanimously adopted.
Whereas, the Bank of the United States, in com-
plance with its pledge to the public, has made a fair
and bona fide effort to resume and maintain specie
paymer.nt-. t,...ini. ,ince the 15th of January last, paid
out an .,,,ie.ri little, if at all, short of six millions of
dollars, in coin or specie funds; and, whereas, the
effort to maintain specie payments by this bank has
been rendered abortive l'y the intentional accumula-
tion and extraordinary enforcement of its instant
liabilities. Therefore,
Resolved, That dii barnk is under the ner,-.-ity, for
the present, -,r 'uspe.nii,ig s[.,e'- p.ivniicns
Reseh'd,i. That ,>rv rxertron ivill be made by Ihe
Directed, I., c.hllee lthe debts .,nrd co.nsert ml., cash ihe
assets ,if irlhs ba.,,k, fr Ilie tpurpoc of re.ulnlng pay-
ments iii ipict. ]il ihe eirlicst practicabrle moment.
Resetr,, Ttli ih' fueor..gnig preamble and resolu-
tions be published.
Extract from the minutes.
A. LARDNER, Cashier.
/, .1. r I. a letter from Lieut. Maury to afrtlend in
Richmond. *
Fnr rnit.r- khsEt', 26th .an. 1841.


Dear- : Ithank ,ou or the Whigof FIiil.,y.
Atthe commencernrit ..f the l.t pitagr-,ph but one
to the piece headed R R..ea,:..i,, ihe Navy-
Lieut. Maury," thie E.1ltors u'ake nic appear as desir-
i i. and personally icekin. ihrtough iiV fri-nds, ihe
w,.li.:e.f Secretary i'iithe Na% N ha'. nciiher per-
sonally, nor tli,-.u.li niv firii,-n,. akeid any such olfi:e
-nor have I b.-er,i, dirftly Utr inJirrcllv, 'c.,neerned in,
or in ini imanrnrItrisv lh or egr.izinl of, reeommen.
ddiIon; i,.,r that ofliei, rnide in my behalf by several
newspapers. I have no more- night toe c ipt, or Io ask
to be made Secretary of the Naity, ,han Mini..r E-
tri,-rtinarv ,o the e.-lurl.i Ernire I amni nor in the
S..... f..r either rnd .rrt.,inly .I., nol Oi.h to be rilac.,l
in tli( .,ig,-h l th, .,v"f ti-kmn o U iti h.l trough mv friends
-nor it I n upp.',- tl'it tilO- Ehit'ris it-ei .nd i. place
imeo arty u,'h light I tviih you woulil call -in the
E.l-i., as U- tIl.lin i.' 4 ,, I 3 h false position in w which
ther ii21;ark ,l',-s m re. an d ak ihenm to st nimaitters
rilhi .Yiur friend,
W F. MAURY,
:':, The Editor. of ihc Whig nrcr suiIpp[osrd Lt.
Maijv i,, hae been .in anpltleint or t (pecciant of Itho
like ..f Secretary of the Nai., and never designed
i, ., .,.i iriv ith which could lead the public mind to
i sur i,,n inrr.rence.-Ri.-/imond Whir.