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VOL. IV.-NO. 4.1.] WASHINGTON CITY, SATURDAY, JANUARY 9, 1841. [WHOLE NO. 425.
__ __ __ ____ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __U1_____
THE ANNAPOLIS AND ELK-RIDGE RAIL
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SUMNIERVILLE PINCKNEY, President.
det- 29 tw2m
T HE lireniuncialkon, a Rtonirice-By Miss Bur-
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OLITICAL ECONOMY, Legir lltion, Statis-
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Lieber's Pholitical Ethics, -2 vola
Leiber's L.'al '.nd Political Hennencuties, I vol.
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Inquiry minti, the principles and policy of the U. S.
Gu, Ernnient, by John Taylor. of Carulinecourirv, Va.
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Aitberi Lciallailimn's Consihl-rtiuns on thr Currency
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Albe'rt Giallain on el MNlaine BoundaryI vol. 1840,
ilh S nimaps
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History ol Banks, Euopean and American, I vol.
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P POLITICAL EC'ONOMNIY, LEGISLATION,
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( Lit conrinurd.j
History of the F.ler:,l tG,,ciurnatent ior fitly years,
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All th MeNle-agea fall the Piesi-.lents of th- U. S.,
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Sfe'ret Proceedings and Debates of the Convention
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Brisbane on Association and Reorganization of In-
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The Law of Trade, by C. Ellet, Civil Engineer, 1
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Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations, with a Review
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McCulloch's edition of Smith's Wealth of Na-
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McCulloch's Dictionary of Commerce, late edition,
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Rae's Political Economy, illustrating the Fallacies
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T HE DE HAUT V'ILLE C A SE.-Repot ofthe
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this day received, for sale by F. TA-1 LOR.
The farmer sat in his easy chair,
Smnking his pipe of clay,
While his hale old wile, with busy care,
Was clearing the dinner away.
A sweet little girl, wilh line blue eyes,
On her grand-pa's knee was catching flies.
The old man placed his hand on her head,
With a tear on his wrinkled face,
He thought how often her niolher dead
Had Sat in the same, sarrme place.
As the tear stole downs froin his half-hut eye,
Don't smoke, said thel thild, hon it makes )ou
The ho.use-dog strtche.d .ut t.n th,- floor,
Where the sun, after noon ued to steal,
The busy old wife, by the ipen dor,
Was turning the spirning-wheEl-
And Ihe old brass clock on the roantletree,
Had plodiled :long to almost three,-
Still he I'alhrr eat in his easy chair,
While close to his hiray% breast
The moistened brow, and the head so fair,
Orf hias sweet grand child wan preist;
His head, bent down, nn tier soil hair lay,
Fast asleep were they b,..ilh on thal summer day '
Promn lthe S.aulhcrri Llrar Ilhcisngrr.
REORGANIZING THE NAVY.
[-:: ANri, Et, I)
The human disposition is everywhere- the
same. VWhen young men "onme out of" our law
schools and medical colleges, wilh diplomas in
hand, we find them ever eager to be engaged in
the duties of their profession. We consider
their impatience to enter upon the new calling,
as an earnest ol'success ; and we look upon their
zeal. as a pledge of furur.: use'fulne-s and dis-
tinction. Should we expect a Nlidshipman, or
the young Surgeon in ihe Nav', after hat ing
devoted six or eight years, instead of two or
three, to the acquirement ol" his proflesion. to be
less imipaticit than they, to center upon his new
field of du us? Are the alluremenos of promno-
ton-ithe insignia of office, with all the pomp
and circumstance of Naval life-less tempting to
the young aspiran t for military renown, than
briefs and prescriptions are to raw surgeon, and
reen barristers? Suppose that ithe- law should
forbid your doctors and lawyers to take our a
license until six years after they had been gra-
duates; think you, that under such regulation,
your physicians would be more skilful, or your
jurists more pr,.,fiund, than thVey are? And yet,
as preposterous and as absurd as such a law
would be in the civil code, one similar to it in
all respects is. at this moment, in force among
the Midshiptien and Assistant Surgeons of the
Navy. And its effects are obvious and most
ruinous upon the service. Can it be expected
that a body of young officers, ambitious as they
shouldbeofadvancETmentC '!,\ all honorable mreans,
would be content to stop short in mid-cireer.
and patiently endure, as Midshipmen are requir-
ed to do a professional syncope for years? Af-
ter a Midshipman has undergone examination,
and been found qualified for promotion, he is
then put upon this retired list, without an incen-
tive to call forth his ener:iea, and with scarcely
an object or an aim to give them direction. No
exertion, however great or noble on his part, will
push him forward, or hasten, for a single mo-
ment, the lon-vougliit and vet distant promotion.
He is sent back to the steerage, and is required
to resume the be) ish duties o.I' Midshnipman for
seven years longer, and until casualties shall thin
for him the ranks of his superior officers; then,
and not till then, is he honored with promotion.
Had an enemy designed to break down the
spirit of the Navy, could any system have been
devised which would prove more effectual than
this is likely to do-this, which reqii;res officers
to spe'-nd the prime of their life, %ith 'no parti-
cular dulty' beure them, Px,-p that of vwavriq j
for dead men's shoes ?' A comnrnission in e 1e
Navy confers honor, and opens the way to dis-
tinction. And with the oung Naval aspirant, a
Commission' has charms, [hat, in his eyes, make
it more earnestly to be desired than the object of I
his first love. But at the very time when ins
ardor is most fervent, and his notions of chivalry
are tuned to the highest pitch, his timene-ervingi
Uncle'-into whose service he has entered-I
gives him a Leah for a Rachel. Like Laban,he
changes his wages, hut more faithless, requires
him to drag out anotherweary term of servitude
before he is permitted to enjoy the object of his
But as war is the great end for which the
Navy is designed, it should be regulated in all
things with a view to war. In times of peace,
the proper consideration is, 'by what means may
it be held in a state of the greatest readiness and
efficiency, at the least expense ?' Let us then
suppose a state of war, that we may see how the
Navy with regard to officers alone, is prepared
to meet it. With commissioned officers in service
for but little more than half of our ships, all the
ships of the Navy would be immediately launched
and put in commission;-others, for which mate-
rials are already prepared, would be built and
got ready for sea; and many of the fine packets
and traders of our merchants might be bought,
equipped and armed straightway, as corvettes,
sloops-of-war, brigs, &c. Indeed, availing her-
self of the finest commercial marine in the world,
the United States has the materiel-the ships
and sailors-for fitting out a Navy, which m would
prove more destructive than that which any oilier
nation could send out against the commerce Id"
an enemy;-many of her merchant ship- are
swifter than the fleetest men-of-war. But of
what avail are all these resources-this multi-
tude of ships and men-without officers ? Her
list of two hundred Passed Midshipmen, if pro-
moted to-morrow, would not afford a due quota
of officers for all the ships that are now in the
Navy; nor could the n', mber of regular officers
that are yearly trained for the Navy, be increased
in a shorter period than six years. Where then,
in such an event, are officers to be procured for
our ships ? The only resource, at present,
would be among the mates and skippers of mer-
chant craft-a class of recruits less to be desired
for the Navy, and far more inefficient, than
would be a reinforcement to an army of raw
militia, commanded by officers who had ne-
ver fired a musket or fixed a hayoner.
Posse-sirn g then a Navy so abundant in all the
resources of materiel, does it not become a na-
tional desideratum of the first importance, to en-
dow it with commensurate resources with re-
gard to officers? Its powers of expansion should
be the same in evcry department. If ships and
men may be increased almost ad libitum, go-
vernment should possess the means of creating
officers paripassu. These means are to be de-
rived from the schoolship, in the manner propo-
sed for creating a body of well-trained officers to
constitute a corps of reserve for the Navy.
Supposing this plan immediately to be put into
operation, its first fruits would not be given to
the world till after the lapse of six years. Mil-
1 lions arc yearly spent on the Navy-the object
of which is to give security to American com-
merce-and millions of that commerce are yearlv
lost from improper management and bad naviga-
tion on the part of those who conduct it; and
surely no measure could be more national in its
objects, or philanthropic in its results, than one
which should have for its aim the creating of a
corps of well-trained and skilful officers, who
should serve the double purpose of conducting
that commerce safely in peace, and of protecting
and defending it valiantly in war. If it be ad-
mitted that Midshipmen during their apprentice-
ship, (and many whose opinions are entitled to
weight maintain that they do, render a quid pro
quo, independent of their prospective value as
commis&ioncd officers then this corps of reserve
may be created and tainiamned ever afterwards
in trainting for the Nhvy, without the cost of a
single dollar to the public treasury. The number
of --young gentlemen" necessary to the proper
performance of duty MI board any ship-otvwar, is
far greater than thalwhich is required merely to
fill up the vacancies that may occur within any
reasonable time, arnmIng the commissioned offi-
cers of that ship. Thus thecomplement o coint-
missioned officers fo a frigate, as a Captain and
four or five Lieutinars-the complement of
Midshipmen. fil'rieenor twenty. When I enter-
ed the service, the isual quota of the last was
between thirty an1 forty. Now, supposing
the number of officers in f-arh grad" to be fixed
by law, s.o as to alloiv every ship in the Navy her
war-ci.itplen-enrt of officers-supposing also the
ratio which at present exists between the Mid-
liipmnen and Lituenanolof a frigate, to be the
true proportion which ought to be maintained
between these two grades in ihe service-then
every Midshipmen would, under such an ar-
rangement, have to outlive the Naval existence
of at Ic-least three Leutenants before he could ex-
pect promci'ion,-a period, the average duration
of which would fiaexceed ihar wholesome termn
o" apprenti.-eship.which, in the opinion of mili-
tary iren-, is necessary and proper to the profes-
siion cfarnms. To lequalified for this profession.
is clearly the objri of the indenture by which
our youth first become bound, as Midshipmen,
in the service of neir country. And when they
are so qualified, Lood faith and true policy re-
quire that they would he allowvved to dol' the
balge of apprenticeship, to put on the insignia of
a higher order, and be regularly advanced to the
next degree in their craft ; for it is as little to Ibe
expected as it is to he desired, that the appren
niee to so noble a calling as that of arms. would
be content io remain in the humble capacity of
Midshipmran during the average period of there,
Naval livs. Unles-, therelre, a held out ofihe
Navy be opened tIo the 'urplu- officers, we
should in a few years find Ihem, even under this
supposed arrangement, again a-cumulating-be-
cominng in a short time sufficiently numerous to
create a peculiar interest, and tocomnman.l influ-
ence in the lobbies of our lenislatire halls. And
thus we should again have rlI service burdened,
as we now have it, with a uon-des-ript class of
officers twirh this difference however, the last
would be worse and more injurious thanthe first)
sowing broadcast its seeds of discord and in-ub-
ordination among all grades. One- di-contrinti.-dil
spirit at sea i, tnouzh ito destroy the peace and
harmony of a whole ship's crew, and sometimes
even to threaten the safety of the slIp l.Vrself.
%i hai then, among acorps of little mire than a
tholic'isand officers are two hundred and twenty
discontented spirits-nearly one-fourth of the
whole Navy proper-impatient for prnim'.,iion-
tired and disgusied, even tI. loathing, ofl the tame-
ness ol'a situation in which the'have "rno par-
ticular duties" to perform This list is the
growth of only a fetw years, and im- rapidly in-
creasin:, lithe stein whi,:h nourishes t be
persevered in who so blind that he cannot I-,re-
see some of thy national evils whi,.h willnrise
from the. corrupting influences 'of mass-s ol'sucl:
spirits. :ontinually accumtiilaing and festering
on their curps, with all the indi-cretion and ardor
of youth upon them ? Who lhas set bounds to
their numbers;' Or where is the law that has
fixed a limit to Iheirgron'Lh I Likethe gourd of
the prophet, this body of i.'cers has sprung up
in the night ,,,ad, like that gourd, i1 cheri-hes a
worm that is preparing to smite and wither the
strong 'righi arm' of this good people. 'Let those
describe who may, Ithe dangerous and ruinous
tendency of the policy whir i created and would
maintain such grades of officers in the Navy.
Suffi,:e it to say, that its malign influence may
be neutralized-nay, more-individual grievan-
ces and a pubhhic evil may be converted into per-
sonal benefits and national advanitaoes, by c-pen-
:nsf-e.o v-,,k-epl `hip a aa4
required for the Naval, might escape into the
merchant, service of their country-lthere to ac-
quire, in their peaceful pursuits, all the experi-
enceao the most skilful seamen. Trading to
every part of the world, tmir military education
in tie schoul-ship wuuld trnable them to acquire
a fuld of information, not accessible to regular
NaWy officers, concerning the ports, harbors, and
resqtrces of all nations, that in war would prove
innluable. Shouldthe practice ofwarring(not
pr-iateering) upon commerce be continued
amtng maritime nations at war, this 'corps of
resr'.e," with the well established reputation of
A nerican merchantmen for fast sailing, would
plare it in the power of the United States to
swPep from ithe ocean the commerce of an ene-
my. annd therefore tend to secure the continu-
atq of peace by making her so formidable an
enimv. For the destruction of commerce, a
small vessel Is as efficient as a large one. Strength
to ov ercoide merchantmen, with fleetness to
curie up with them, and to escape from larger
men-c-l'war, are the requisites to be sought in
vssel- for this purpose; and the merchant ser-
T ire a flord s ima ny such, which, with such a corps
oft'Vticers to draft from, the United States could
armni, imian. and send to sea bv scores. At the
ceaionii of liostilities, these vessels could be
again sold a-. merchantmen ; and these officers,
ino. fr'onm choice, could readily be induced again
tosenter the merchant service: and thus the Na
vy w would at once, and without difficulty, fall
ba.k upun its former economical peace establish-
N ot h,' least recommendation in favor of such
an arrangement in the school-ship, nor the least
important among the national advantages to be
hence derived, would be the bold and noble
sitanil which that arrangement would enable this
country to take against that most ancient and
barbarous practice of privateering, in war, In
the early infancy of the Republic, it was the
opinion of Dr. Franklin, and American states-
nit n generally, that tithe United States are bet-
ter situated than any other nation to profit by
privateering." And though that great and good
man was in favor of its immediate abolition at
that ntne, and actually made efforts, in all the
treat es at which he assisted, to have a clause
inserted to that effect ;* yet lhgisl-itors, the scope
of whose benevolence is less hike the light of
H"even, have generally, on the grounds of ex-
ped ienc-y, refrained from pursuing the noble
policy thus early set on foot. But these grounds
can no longer be urged. We were then weak-
now we are strong. American commerce was
then making its first venture abroad on feeble
ulogs-noiw it is full-fledged, sailing before every
breer- tlhat ripples on the ocean. And the
United States now, so far from being in a con-
dition to profit, have more to lose, and less to
gain. than any other nation, by privateering.-
With more ronrniage than any other nation, (one
excepted,) and, in proportion to resources, with
fewer fortified harbors, and a smaller Navy to
give convoy and protection to its vessels, the
cotmnerce of the United States, both at home
sad abroad, would now be peculiarly obnoxious
to this species of warfare. Its rich cargoes and
deltnceless state would not fail to excite foreign
,upility : and. in themselves, these two condi-
lions would draw forth swarms of private armed
crui_-rs seeking to plunder it. In a maratime
war with any other country, except England,
the udds against the United States would be
fearful ; fur the commerce of the enemy being
linimed, and ours extensive, he would have little,
and we much, to lose by privateering.
"We learn from the monuments of antiqui-
The '23d article of the treaty of 1785, with Prus-
aia, nipulates, that, in case of war, 'neither of the
contracting powers shall grant or issue any commis-
sion to any private armed vessel," &c.
IV," some one has said, that the first laws had
scarcely any other origi than custom; which is
oftllen a wretched master." The practice of pri-
vateering, and many of the usages connected
with it in modern warfare, are reics ofl the bar-
barous ages, when piracy was a boast, and rob-
bery on the high seas was considered a most
honorable occupation. Among the Greeks it
was an honor to be successfully engaged in rob-
beries at sea. As late as the ninth century,
Boucher says-" All mariners were a set of rob-
bers." Dr. Franklin described privateering in
war, as "-a remnant of the ancient piracy ;"
and, in a letter to Mr. Oswald, ihus alludes to it,
and the evils of it. If rapine is abolished, one
of the encouragements to war is taken away,
and peace, therefore, more likely ito continue, and
be lasting. The practice of robbing merchants
on the high seas, a remnant of the ancrintI pi-
rar.y, though it may be accidentally beneficial
to particular persons, is far from being profitable
in all engaged in it, or to the nation that author-
izes it. In the beginning of a war, some rich
ships, not on their guard, are surprised and taken.
This encourages the first adventurer to fit out
more armed vessels, and many others to do the
saine. But the enemy, at the same time, be-
come more careful, arm their merchant ships
better, and render them not so easy to be taken:
they goals more under the protection ofl'convoys.
Thus, while the privateers to take them are mul-
tiplied, thIe vessels subject to be taken, and the
chances of profit are diminished, so that many
cruises are made wherein Ithe expenses average
the gains; and, as is the case in other lotteries,
thougli particulars hare got prizes, the mass of
adventurers are losers-the whole expense of
fitting out all the privateers, during war, being
much greater that the whole amount of goods
taken. Then, there is the national loss of all
time labor of so many men during the lime they
have been employed in robbing-who, besides
spending what Ithey get, in riot, drunkenness and
drbauchery, lose their habits of industry, are
rarely filt fobr any sober business after peace, and
serve only to mincrea-,e ihe'number of highway-
men arid housebreakers. Even the undertakers,
whohavu been fortunate, are, by sudden wealth,
led into expensive living, the habit of which
continues when the means of supporting it
cease, and finallyruins themni-a just punishment
for their having wantonly and unfeeingly ruin-
ed many honest, innocent traders and families,
whotc- subsistence asi(, obtained in serving the
common interests of mankind."
"It is cowardly," observes a French writer,
"for its object is to attack the unarmed. It is
odious, for it has no other principle than a base
self-interest. II is barbarous, for the flying mer-
chantman is compelled to submit, by murderous
Martens ihus expresses his opinion of it-
Indifferent to the late of the war, and often of
his country, the privateersman has no other in-
ducement but the love of gain-no other recom-
pense but his captures and the prizes conferred
by the State on his privileged piracies. To en-
courage individuals to fit out privateers at con-
siderable expense, it is necessary to present them
:he allurements of a rich booty; and by prescrib-
ing them a rmoderation which they are fully de-
termined not to observe, it is necessary not to
intimidate them, by imposing on them too many
Nor ought the testimony given on this subject
by the excellent Clarendon to be overlooked.-
When, in 1664, great inducements were held
out by Charles II to his subjects, for fitting out
privateers against the Dutch, thai wise Chan-
cellor thus testifies to the evils which they carry
with them-"It was resolved that all possible
encouragement should be given to privateers;
thal is, to as many as would lake commissions
front the Admiral, to send out eessels-of-war, as
ihey call them, to take prizes Irom the enemy;
twh ne'nwa'miln os obhgai~omfas can einstein .snmx
all the villainy they can act, and are n people,
how countenanced soever, or thought necessary,
that do bring an unavoidable scandal, and, it is
to be feared, a curse upon the justesi war thai
was ever made at sea. Besides the horrible
scandaland clamor thatthis class of men brought
upon the King and the whole government for
defeat of justice, the prejudice which resulted
from thence to the public, and to the carrying
on the service, is unspeakable. .All seamen run
to them. And though the King now assigned
an ample share of all the prizes taken by his
own ships, to the seamen, over and above their
wages, yet there was a great difference between
the condition of the one and the other. In the
King's fleet they might gain well, but they were
sure of blows ;-nothing could be got there with-
out fighting. With the privateers there was
rarely fighting. They took all who could make
little resistance, and fled from all who were too
strong for them. And so these fellows were- al-
ways well-manned, when the King's ships iren
compelled to stay many days bor the wralt cit
men, who were raised by presait,', and with
Similar would be the effects upon the Amern-
can Navy of this species ofwarfare at this lime.
The well-known enterprise of our citizens, arnd
their fondness for privateering,' would cause
hundreds of their ships, interrupt-ed in curn-
merce, to be fitted out as private-armed cruisers.
The inducements held out by ilies.', would en-
tice seamen away from the ships of Ithe Nary.,
as Clarendon informs us they did from the K ing's
ships, and as we know was the case in time war of
1812-'14. Each vessel acting separately and
independently of the rest, would enfeeble, in.
stead of strengthen, the maritime resources of
the country. During our last war, Commodore
Stewart thus wrote to a Committee of Congress:
"Many (seamen) are in private-armed ships and
privateers, owing to the exclusive advantages
given them over the Navy. By this means,
the glory and maritime reputation of the nation
as made to yield to the inglorious warfare of
plunder, which deeply affects some individuals of
the enemy, but makes only a small impression
upon the nation at large." Now, by training
officers in the school-ship, after the manner pro-
posed, for the merchant service, the power and
the means would be conferred upon the govern-
ment of investing these same vessels with a
more noble character. By putting them under
the command of its own officers, they would
constitute an important part of the great nation-
al marine; and by acting in concert with the
regular Naval forces, they would serve mightily
to strengthen our means of offence as well as of
But there are higher considerations than those
of mere State policy, which urge to the aban-
donment of this species of warfare. Justice,
morality, and religion, are opposed to and con-
demn it. For centuries back, up to our own
day, good men from the chair of State, the
cloister and the bench have been heard, from
time to time, raising their voices to rebuke it.
Thus, St. Augustin in his Canon Militare-
"militare non eat delictum, sed propter prrdam
military, peccatum est." And Grolitns-"ito put
men to death for the sake of' perishable and un-
certain possessions, is irre.iouncilable with chari-
ty." '"Most certain," says Molloy, in his trea-
tise of 1676, De Jure .lIar'itbii,-"these sorts of
capers, or privateers, being instruments found out
The passion for privateering was so strong at one
time in the New England 'States, that agriculture was
abandoned to pursue it.-Ruocri Morris.
I do not wish to see a new Barbary in America. 1
fear lest our privateering success in the two last wars,
-hould already have given our people too strong a relish
for that most'mischievous kind of gaming mixed with
but of later ages, and it is well knowbt
it were well they were remained .lb ..... n, '" ''
all Princes; since allgoCwA:
but one remove from pirates-whoj., -*
respect for the cause, or having an iM-: .
them, or so much as hired for the s. .
men and goods, making even a trade M.
of it, amidst the calamities of war." " ;:..'
Soccenius, from his Academic pursuits alt .
Upsal, raised his voice in not less emphatic -
terms-" When a Naval war is unavoidable it
is far better to assail the enemy with domestic
levies under officers ar'l discipline, than to give
license to pirates, the vaiest of mankind-who,
once authorized to plunder, sooni forget all re-
straint, and spare not even friends, nor those
who hare never injured them, or their employ-
ers." In the Last war ships were fitted out in
our own ports, and sent to sea to cruise as Eng-
lish privateers against American commerce.-
Where is the hand that shall draw on the ocean,
for seamen let loose to plunder, the line between
glory and honor on one side, and rapine and
murder on the other ? In 1744, the question was
mooted in France--"Would it not be possible to
revive the ancient custom of commercial truces,
and to make war without involving in il coum-
mere- and mercantile navigation i" And at a
later day, Dr. Franklin (who cannot be too often
quoted) said-"This will be a happy improve-
rnent in the law of nations. The humane and
the just cannot but wish success to the proposai-
tion." "Without such a check," wrote Captain
Spence United States Navy, Io the Governor of
Porto iico, in 1822, "what is there to limit
the mischief done by men of this order, who,
stealing from their dens and lurking places,. pol-
lute the ocean with the blood ol delernele-
sailors, and gorge their cupidity with the -poils
of plunder and ravage 7 The good of'every na-
lion, and the honor of soni ., require that so foul
a system should be made to cease, that every
navigable sea may be rendered safe to ihe ho-
nesi efforts of enterprise."
On the land, the property of unresilsting citi-
zens is considered sacred by the conqueror;-
on the water, it is the property of him Ihat can
seize it. The half-unladen ship that lies along
side of the wharf in your river is prize t) the
captor; but the part of her cargo that lies ovr
that wharf, and along side of the ship. notther
sailor nor soldier can louch. What would not
only we, bur all Christendom. say of an enemy,
who should issue commission to private adven-
lurers for entering our lerriloty by armed bands,
that they might piLllage and rob, for their own
profit, our citizens engaged in their peaceful and
honest pursuits ? What constitutes ibis differ-
ence between the property of citizens in store-
houses and in ships I Are the pursuits of qom-
merce less peaceful, or are its results less benefi-
cial to the general welfare, than agriculture or
manufactures Thesame code which forbids
the citizens of neighboring nations at war, to
make excursions into the enemy's territory for
the sake of murder and pillage, ought also to
forbid it on theocean-the common highway of
iheworld. And,aspertinently asked by Linguet,.
"-Whencecomes this difference between fleets
and armies, squadrons and regiments, corsairs
and hussars ?"
The practice is demoralizing, and as much to
be deprecated, on the water as it is on the land.
We judge of men's actions by the motive;
and 'what move has the privateersman but
plunder?' Could inquiry ascertain, it would be
curious and interesting to know what effects pri-
vateering, in the contest between Spain and her
American dependencies, had in bringing about
the sys' enm ol piracy that was established about
that time in the WVest-Indies, and broken up at
such cost to the Navy. Vessels, equipped for
privateers in war, offer, at the cessation of hos-
tilities, a ready means for anotherand a worse spe-
cies of robbery; and by acting on the cupidity
of the dissolute, they do, no doubt, often present
temptations not easily to be overcome.t With
the dissolute and vicious-those whose notions
with regard to 'meurn and tuum' are vague-
there is but a step from theprivateer to the pi-
rate. The demoralizing influences of the form-
er fit them for the work, and prepare them to
make the change of character with a bold and
reckless mind. And between the two in war
i the land and the sea send forth their reports of
murders and piracies and daring robberies, as if
the outcasts of society had become emulous or
nuryiand resolved to bhide disgrace in the mag- ,
nilue 1 c,. rm -- .-.. ..... :, :-;S;..*.. ..
It is true, we are indebted to American priva-'--
leers in the last war for many brilliant achieve- ." "
inents. The old Teazer, and the young Teaz- ..
er; and after her loss, the old Teazer's ghost, .. .'.. ,.'.
and many other?, did yeoman's service-they
were both a terror and a dread to English ship- :
owners. The graceful fall and glorious ruin of
the General Armstrong privateer havemade her ..
famous in song and in story. But the gallant
spirits and noble deeds whi. h adorn the annals '.
of American privateering, should not blind our
minds, or warp our judgments, with regard to
the immoral influences, the individual calamni-
ties and the national evils attendant upon it. In
the meelee for plunder, who shell say to the cru-
elty of avarice-"It is enough; stay thy
hand ,' The evil consequences of ilt sprmi up
as we go; and you and your readers, Mr. Edi-
tor. need not the hand of another to point Ithem
It is not consistent with the object of this pa-
per to discuss more al large the practice of prin-
vateerning. or to point out the course to be taken
for its suppression. Enough has been said to
show that it is a general evil and a national sin;
and that the taking of effective measures for the
abolition of it, would, first of all, confer upon us
as a people the proud satisfaction of dimini-hlng
Ihe1 calamities of war. In the next place, it
would add to the security at sea of ihe life and
properly of peaceful citizens, by clearing out
I'rom the ocean, those swarms of sea-beggors
tue-uerar-de iar) that live by plunder and prey
upon coinmer-';e. It would make doubly f-rmi-
dable in war the 'right arm uf the nation:' and
by le-sening for our commerce the risks ol cap-
ture, it would prove for ihe nation both a rower
of strength and a borress of defence. The vast
numbers of seamen swallowed up in the busi-
ness of privaleerivig, would then be reserved for
more national purposes, and more honorable
warfare, in the Navy. And the officers in the
merchant service, who had been trained in the
school-ship, would, at such a time, constitute a
most valuable corps of reserve,' which would
be sufficient to furnish ofieers enough for those
seamen, and fur as many of our fast-sailing mer-
chant vessels a the government -hould demni it
expedient to buy and equip as men-or v.-ar.
But let us turn from retndies to the diseas-',
that we may fully understand the present coidi-
lion of our Naval system, before we proceed to
consider by what means its wonted health and --
strengmh and vigor may be restored. The court.
martial code, and the administration of the law
will be found no less defective than olher parts
of the system.
There is at this lime in the United States a
junior officer, who has come thousands of miles,
Irom a foreign station, for the purpose of bring-
ing to trial the Captain of an American man-of-
war who is charged with high misdemeanors.
His accuser is operated upon by no selfish con-
siderations, or motives ofpersonal animosity. He
is actuated solely by his love of order and of mo-
rals, and by his zeal for the service. 'The months
that have elapsed, since his arrival, too plainly
SThe Prince of Orange in his war with the Nether-
lanilads, though some writers trace them bark much
I The four pirates who were executed at Boston in
]AM9, confessed that they hald erved in pTitatcers --
So had Ihe r.oiitorious OGtbbs, I believe.
SSee a most valuable paper by sn American citizen.
on privateering, presented to the 16tith Congress, 2nd
session ; and entitled An appeal to the GLIernment
anid Congress of tihe United Stales, against the ilcpre-
dations commilltted by American ppvateerson thecom-
merce of nations at peace wilh us 1819 Those who
wish to see a masterly exposition of the evila atten-
danl upon privateering, are referred to that paper,
which has been of great assistance to the write on
the present occasion.
- : 5.. .
- ass- waaa, -5
* < *":} >:
I. ti e impotency of outraged laws under
an, e 1em. His efforts to sustain good mo-
; '':.'.. "* lU w in the Navy hid fair to prove a.
.- .";:"' Th at home as they have done abroad.
S.:'. ," ;" "Thtl is said to hare pointed out to the com-
rnander of the squadron this offender wallowing
drunk in the streets. But the commander rel'u-
sed to lake cognizance of the offence. He,
whose duty it is to sustain thelaw, and whocon-
nives al the infraction of it, becomes, to all in-
tenti and purposes, an aider and an ahettor of
crime. And, under a well-regulated system,
would not this officer be relieved from his cornm-
mand, and put upon trial with the other.?
To be eunlinited.
FOR riHE M&DiAONIAN.
THE PUBLIC DOMAIN.
If we remember correctly, the avowed object of the
SSpecie Circular," was to present the continued pur-
chase of' the public domain by n..n rf,idtnt ipctula-
tore,; and a loud and continued out-cry has been made
for many years that, the public lands were getting in
the hands of non residents, and plans have even been
props,-d to limit the sales to the residents of the State
in which the lands are situate, thus giving rights to
one portion of our citizens which are to be denied to
others. When certain objects are to be accomplished,
this is the burden of the complaint; but when another
project is to be supported, another tune is chanted.
In an article lately published in our city papers, it
appears to be the object to prove that the United States
has been a hard-hearted mother to the younger Sttes;
that the money paid to the Government for the public
lands, is so much wrung from the earnings of the in-
habitants of the State, and that the General Govern-
ment by having provided in the terms upon which the
new States were admitted into the Union, that lands
should be exempt from taxation for five years after
the, date of their purchase, had been the means of de-
frauding those States of a large amount of annual
revenue. Let us examine some of these points.
If ihe lands are purchased by non residents, it is
apparent that unless it is proved that these very lands,
if not thus sold, would have been also entered by the
residents of the State, no injury thereby results to the
State. On the contrary, the residents have obtained
all the lands they wanted, the General Government
has received money for lands which would have other-
v ise remain-,] unsold,the State will, in a few years from
the dalta of the sales, receive a revenue from those
lands, and persons thus become interested in the pros-
perity of the State, who otherwise would take no in-
terest in its improvement and advancement.
That the money received for the sale of the public
lands is n..t. alleged, a drain upon the resources of the
State, is also apparent, when we consider the causes
of those sales. It is well known that the population
of the States has increased in fully as great a ratio as
the sales of the public lands, and that while a very
small proportion of such increase is owing to the ex-
cess of births over deaths, the vast difference has been
occasioned by emigration. Those emigrants do not
go empty handed- they carry, in the aggregate, large
amounts annually into the State, a small portion only
of this annual influx of wealth is invested in lands
sometimes purchased direct from the Government, but
oftener from the residents for places already improved
by settlers with or without title; in the one case, pay-
ing him for the land as well as the improvements, and
in the other, for his labor and the privilege of pur-
chasing the land from the Government. Thus en-
abling the first setter to make other and more exten-
sive improvements to be retained, or again disposed of
to a new comer, as he may deem most advantageous.
And we know of no more certain mode of judging as
to the incrreased wealth and resources of the State,
thari, to ascertain the amount of soil annually passing
from the public into the hands of individuals.
SWith a view to aecftrain whether the General Go-
vernment has teen unmrndful of the interests of those
States, leti us sel.-ct one of them, Illinois, for example,
and .ee what is the true state of the account.
Bv statement inmade lo Congresi by the General
SLand (.Office, it appears that Illinois has an area of
SThat up to the 3O1Ih 8
been granted to the Stale-
For Colleges, -
Roads and Canals, -
Seat of Government,
Total granted to the State,
- 1,537,317 acres.
These lands, as will be seen by the purposes for
which many of the giant. are made, are not of the
ordinary character or 'alue, but from local circum-
stances, must be of rtuch more than the average valve
of the public lands, and yet even at the minimum price
per acre, the grant is worth at least one million nine
hundred and twenty rone thousand dollars. So far,
then, as Illinoism is concerned, it seems that she has
been fully and bountifully dealt with as any of the
old States, although they have had to bear their full
proportion of the ex pnses incident to the acquiring of
those lands an'l their preparation for sale.
As regards the exemption from taxation, it might
appear somewhat oppressive to prohibit taxation until
after five years from the time of purchase, if that re-
striction had not been compensated for in some other
way; as, for instance, by the grant as above, of about
one-twentieth of all the lands in the State; but when,
in addition to that grant, we consider another feature
in the .:ompact with the State, and one, too, made ap-
parently for the very purpose of preventing the induce-
ment this exemption holds out to purchasers, for in-
juliously affecting the interests of the State, it must
be confessed that it is difficult to imagine any real
ground for complaint on the part of the State. The
part of the compact thus alluded to, is that by which
the United States has to pay to the State of Illinois,
three per cent. of the proceeds of the sales of the
lands. If not misinformed, the present rate of taxa-
tion in that State, although greatly increased to meet
the interest due on the Internal Improvement debt,
and including the county rates, is forty cents on the
hundred dollars, or two per cent. for five years; thus
the true operation of the compact is, that the United
States pay to the State three per cent. on the lands
sold, in lieu of the State collecting two per cent. from
the purchasers of those land, in ile years.- This
sulbititution of the payee and increase in the amount
received, does not seem to be very injurious to the in-
terests of the State
These few hasty remarks are offered, more with a
view of showing that to this, as well as most other
questions, there are two sides to be considered, than
for any oiher purpose, and while it is still hoped that
the most liberal policy will be pursued towards the
new States, it is but fair that the other members of
the Union should be acquitted of h thtirge of op-
N (JURTHWEST COAST of North Animeica.-
A memoir, historical and political, o01 hai ai.] th.?
adjacentterritories, 1 ol ocla-.,,bv Rubert Greenho%%,
Translator and Librarian tI the bepartmnt i .,f State,
illulrated by a map and a ge,,graphical %ct% of those
Just published, and this dvy received, for sale by
jan 9 F. TAYLOR.
BRY'ANT'S SELECTIONS front the American
Poets, I %eol; price 50 cents
Just published and for sale hb
Also, Halleck's Selectiin,. from the Brihli Poets,2
vols ; price one dollar.
General Armtrong's Notices o'the late War, two
Around the World, being Narratie .-.t'the Voyage
ofthe East India Squadron, under Corn. Reed, 2 vols.
Chrislian Ballads, 1 vol.
Enserore, a Poem, 1 vol. jan9
GENUINE MADEIRA WINE -The subscri.
bears are prepared to re-ceive and rexerute orders tor
:enuine sojuth lide Madeira Wine, under thle brand of
Syninlton & Co Fruoimthe -,,nrexih,,n ofthis huase
with HF.N', VrITCH, Esq. till ltely and I'or many
years English Consul General at MsdNira, and sole re-
presentatuie .3 the u.Il aind substantial firm or Sc.lott,
Pringle. V'titch & Co perfectt reliance may be placed
on all orders being Ithfully eyrruteid The late cargo
rl Julia, from Madeira, consisting of 356 pipes, hogs-
Leads and quarter casks of wine, the wh.le tbfeing irn-
[,,;ried for orders, is referred to as a sample of the qua-
it its and prices from this house.
GRANVILLE S. OLDPFIELD,
Lombard street, Baltimore.
SEMMES & MURRAY,
.Ian 9-tf Washington.
SALE OF VALUABLE PROPERTY.-By
% irtue of a deed of trust, recorded in liber W. B.,
No 60, folios 16, 217, 218, 21), of the land records
t1r Washington county, in ili D-mnct of Columbia,
and foir the purposes mentioned in the said deed, I
shall on Saturday the 6th day of Fthbruary r-xt, pro-
ceed to sell, at public auction, to the highest bidder,
for cash, one full undivided third part of lots num-
bered 1,2, 7, 8, 9,12, and 13, in square 219, as laid
down and distinguished on the plan of the city of
This valuable property is in the neighborhood of
St. John's Church, the lresiJent's House, and the
Executive offices. A plat of it is left with the Auc-
tioneers. The title is believed to be unquestionable,
but such only will be conveyed to the purchaser or
purchasers as is vested in the Trustee.
Sale to be made at 4 o'clock, at the auction rooms of
E. Dyer & Co. Terms at sale.
PHILIP R. FENDALL, Trustee.
EDWARD DYER & CO.
jan 9-ts Auctioneers.
BANK OP THE METROPOLIS,
January 6th, 1841.
The Board of Directors have declared a divi-
dend of three per cent. for the six months ending on
the 31st ult., which will be paid to the stockholders on
jan 9-3t R. SMITH, Cashier.
SILVER'S POCKET BOOK ALMANAC
for 1841, containing also a diary, ruled pages for
prospective memoranda, (one for each day in the year)
an almanac, various useful tables, &c. &c. combining
also all the utility of a pocket book.
Just received, for sale by
An additional supply of the valuable Boston Ame-
rican Almanac for 1841, just received, jag 9
HE LITERATURE OF THE WORLD.-
The American Eclectic or Selections from the Pe-
riodical Literature of all foreign countries, is published
in New York in large numbers, appearing every second
month-each number containing over 300 pages, price
$5 per annum. The first number (for Januarys, 1841)
maybe examined at the bookstore of F. TAYLOR,
where subscriptions will be taken for the work.
OFFMAN'S COURSE OF LEGAL STUDY,
in two octavo volumes; price for the set $5in calf
binding. An additional supply this day received, for
sale by F. TAYLOR, of the Course of Legal Study,
addressed to Students and the Profession generally,
by David Hoffman. Second edition, re-written and
much enlarged, jan 9
OPARTNERSHIP.-The undersigned has as-
S sociated with him in his business of PRINTING
AND BOOK-BINDING, his son, GEOROGE S. GiD-
EON. The business will in future be conducted under
the firm of J. & G. S. GIDEON. A continuance of
a share of public patronage is respectfully solicited.
: All accounts due the subscriber will be placed
in the hands of a collector for collection, after the 10th
instant, without respect to persons, if not paid before
jan 5-6t JACOB GIDEON, Jun.
MAYOR'S OFFICE, WASHINGTON, Jan. 4, 1841.
ROPOSALS, in writing will be received at this
office until the 4th of February next, for the dig-
ging of wells, erecting of pumps and hydrants, and
keeping the same in repair during the years 1841 and
Specifications may be seen at this office.
jan 5-1m W. W. SEATON, Mayor.
RENCH AND SPANISH LANGUAGES-
At the corner of Pennsylvania avenue and 10th
street. Besides my usual Evening Classes, which
will re-commence on Monday the llth inst., one will
be formed for those who may wish to study either of
said languages, or both, for the only purpose of read-
ing and understanding them. Two months of les-
sons, punctually taken every other day, will suffice to
attain this end. Should such members of Congress,as
may think that a knowledge of foreign legislation, es-
pecially that of France, would prove useftil to them,
teslre to form a class exclusively for themselves, the
choice of the days, hours and places will be left to
1:2 Ladies instructed in the morning as usual.
jan 5-3t SANTANGELO.
TEW BOOKS.-Letters of Mrs. Adams, wife of
N John Adams, with a memoir by her grand son,
Charles Frances Adams, 2 volumes.
Third volume of Bancroft's History of the U. S. an
Armstrong's Notices of the War of 1812, 2 vols.
An additional supply of Quodlibet.
Monstrelet's Chronicles of the civil wars between
the Houses of Orleans and Burgundy, beginning at
the point where Froissart finishers, 2 octavo volumes,
The Dramatic Works of Wycherley, Congreave,
Vanbrugh and Farquhar, complete in one large octavo
volume, edited by Leigh Hunt, London, 1840.
Howitt's Rural Life in England.
Howitt's Visits to remarkable places.
Report of the Trial of the D' Hauteville case.
Chartism, by Carlyle. jan 5
D. S. GREGORY & CO. Managers.
Capital Prize $30,000 Net.
And FIFTEEN Drawn Ballots.
Class No. 1, for 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C. on Saturday, 16th
35,295 Dollars. 10,515 Dollars.
5,000 Dollars 1,750 Dollars
4,000 Dollars 1,600 Dollars
3,0)00 Dollars 1,500 Dollars
2,500 Dollars 1.400 Dollars
2,250 Dollars 1,300 Dollars
2,000 Dollars 1,250 Dollars
H]C50 PRIZES of $1,000.^3l
Tickets $10--Halves $5---Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of Packages of 25 Whole Tickets $130 00
Do. do 25 Half do 65 00
Do. do 25 Q.uarter do 32 50
4 PRIZES OF $10,000!
Maryland Consolidated Lottery,
Class No. 2 for 1841.
To be drawn at Baltimore, Md., on Saturday, Janua-
ry 23d, 1841.
4 PRIZES of 10,000 Dollars!
$5,000 $4,478 32 $2 of $3,000 3 of $2,500
45 of $500, &c.
The Tickets having one drawn No. $10.
The Tickets having no drawn No. 3 Net.
Tickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters $250.
Certificate of Packages of 22 Whole Tickets, $100
Do. do. 22 Half do 50
Do. do. 22 Quarter do 25
VIRGINIA LEESBURG LOTTERY,
Class A for 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., Saturday, the 30th
30,000 Dollars. 10,000 Dollars.
5,000 Dollars 2,500 Dollars
3,000 Dollars 1,017 1-2 Dollars
100 Prizes of $1,000, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of Packages of 25 whole Tickets $130 00
do do 25 Half do 65 00
do do 25 Quarter do 32 50
nrOrders for tickets and Shares or Certificates of
Packages in the above Magnificent Lotteries will re-
ceive the most prompt attention, and an official account
of the drawing ,rrnit immediately after it is over to all
who order from us.
D. S. GREGORY & CO. Managers,
Washington, D. C.
U. S B NK.
In New York on Wedneday the U. S. Bank stock h
fell 7 per cent., making, witblhree per cent. on Tues-
day, a fall often per cent. store the report of its condi- I
tion. The last sales were a55.
In Philadelphia, on Weditaday, a sale was made as
low as 50 3-4. The Inquire of day before yesterday
Our stock market was sally depieased yesterday,
and quite a panic prevailed, specially in the early part
of the day. A :'ew shares ,f United States Bank 1
stockwere sold a, low aw S3-4; but it afterwards
rallied to 51 1-2 bid and 52 Sied It is believed that
the panic in relation to the Uiled States Bank Stock
is already oul.-,idin, and th in the course of a few I
days affairs will a, ume a nye cheerful appearance.
There is n.doubt ha to resuntion being carried intoF
full effect ..n the 15th Mloun is still scarce, and will
doubtless u continue until alirt resumption.
The Philadelphia Standardaf day before yesterday
There is a complete panic prvaling the market, at-
tributed to the siatemenr of th.U S Bank, butit can
be, with more propriety, chased upon the bears in
stocks, who, before the stateunt was known, com-
menced the work of detractioA and have ever since
been exerting all their energieto affect confidence in
the stock of the U. S. Bank particularly, and thereby
depreciate its price.
The Messsage of Go'ernor EM AHoD appears in the
New York papers of Wednjday afternoon. The
The Message is in a good toe and spirit, and full
of encouragement for all who dtre the prosperity and
progress of this great commonwealth.
Its schools, its prisons, its ievoue, its public works,
all prosperous, wealth within it borders, and plente-
ousness within its gates,-well, deed, may the Gov-
ernor, re-elected by the voice oils people to his high
trust, exult in the prospects of he noble State, and
spurn the miserable sophism.; i:h, at Washington
and elsewhere, have been laurn,:d against the policy
whereby she has so signally prospered.
BANK OF VIRGINIA.
We learn from the Richmond Compiler that at the
annual meeting of the stockholders, held on Tues-
day, the old Board of Directors was re-elected-Dr.
Brockenbrough by a majority of more than two to
The Hon. John Davis arrIved at Worcester on
Saturday from Washington. He returns to assume
the duties of the Executive chair of the Gommon-
wealth, and will probably take the oath of office on
Saturday or Monday.-Atlas.
1.(fEtCI~l~fi Q** On s.r./.V
SE' Vi 'b SE ,%$ION.
HOUSE OF RcEPRES.ENTATIVES,
WEDNESDAY, JanUary 6, 1841.
Mr. BRIGGS moved the adoption of the report, and
that it be printed; which was carried.
Mr. WM. COST JOHNSON moved a suspension
of the rules that he might report a bill providing for
the relief of the lunatics of the District of Columbia.
He was sure that the House would notbe five minutes
in the consideration of it. He moved that the House
go into a Committee of the Whole on the considera-
tion of the bill.
Mi. CALVARY MORRIS hoped that the House
would consent at once to take up this bill. Hc was
satisfied, after having visited the prison where they
were confined, thtt the subject demanfled the immedi-
ate attention of the House, and of every benevolent
The question on the suspension of the rules was
then put and carried-whereon, at the call of the
Mr. WILLIAMS, of N. C., took tie chair, and the
House resolved itself into a Cuii,,iiive of the Whole
on the following bill:
Be it enacted by the Senate and Bouse of Reprseen-
tatives of the United States of America in Congress
assembled, That the marshal ofthelDbtrict of Colum-
biabe, and heis h. rely, aulrth.rizM it ,wrn.] t., the lona-
tie asytunm, in Raltiu.nrt il ,ricli hianic- pT.rs*ons a
are now confine.J ],n th, 1.i i W\shington and Alex.
andria counties, and. all u i as may hereafter be cnm-
mitted as lunati.h., .\ ordrr ,d 1 Ile circuit -'r cria,;nil
courts; and that he pay the expenses of their removal,
and of their maintenance in said asylum, and be allowed
for the same in the settlement of his accounts at the
Treasury of the United States.
Mr. CUSHING begged for a little information on
this subject. He confessed he did not understand the
In the first place--why the corporation of the cty of
Washington did not take care of their own pauperl?
Second.-By what right paupers may be confirsd in
the common jails He would ask if there benotins
house where they might be received if paupers-i' not
paupers, why their relatives are not called on for heir
support-and if this bill be to transfer to the Uited
States the charge of the lunatics of Washington'
Mr. W. COST JOHNSON in reply, said, Ihat
the lunatics were not placed with the paupers, beeuse
it would be at the manifest peril of the personal srety
of every pauper. The peril of the paupers woull be
the same as of the citizen, were they allowed tli.ir
liberty in the streets.
Then, in relation to the city corporation of W\'L-h
ington-why they have not built a lunatic asylumln'?
For the same reason that the State of Maryland Jlas
never done so till within the last two years-because
they had not the means-and to employ physicans
and give these lunatics all that is necessary in older
that they might recover their health, that was the
reason. The physician had rr purreI to lim ist irir ry
of these lunatics would, many of ihem, hait, bern re-
covered before, but in their sane moments they were
depressed with the idea that they Kfre continued mthe
same room with the culprits, those who steal and coin-
mit every outrage on society. They were placed there
because there was no other place where they could he
He had a letter in his hand, from the Superinten-
dent of the Lunatic Asylum at Baltimore, stating
that they would receive the lunatics of the Distrnt at
a moderate compensation. The State of Maryland,
previous to the erection of her Lunatic Asylum, was
in the habit of sending her lunatic. to PhtdoJelphia;
and he hoped that the Congress of the tI,.med StaI
would feel an interest that these Iliratics should rBut
run at large. Common sympathy calls that thesepro-
visions should be adopted.
Mr. GUSHING made another inquiry. He woelil
not yield to the gentleman in compassion, or in dire
that all pioper means-all legal and just means-
should be taken for the benefit of these individuals.
But he was desirous to know on whom the responsi-
ability of assisting and providing for them truly rested.
And another inquiry: He had asked why these per-
sons were confined in jail The answer was, that in
the poor house they would be dangerous to the per-
sonal safety of the paupers. He desired to know why
the city of Washington can not make provision lor
their confinement in the poor house as well as in -he
jail. He was told that among these lunatics were in-
dividuals kept in that jail without the common sap-
plies necessary for life, lying on the stone floor. He
desired still further information on this point, and to
know by whose fault -t is, that these persons anrt in
this state of misery and destitution
Mr. W. C. JOHNSON would give an explanation.
He was told that the Corporation of the City of
Washington furnishes two dollars per week for the
support of the lunatics there confined. That was all
they could affo:,]J. Th'y would not afford to emplT,,y a
physician, and git t[eVm rll ihe rare and attention
necessary for thfir r-.ilr.uitur It was on lthis aecourat
that he urged the r,-isaeul' this bill-thaiLthey should
have the care I' priuopfrr physicians and superinten-
lents, and rooms at least clean and airy, so that their[ It
health might be restored, and, in the restoration of Pl
their health, that their minds might also be restored. an
It was this consideration which had induced him to tr
preas this bill. This was a higher moti'e than mere c,
dollars and cents-the restoration of intellect. That co
was the motive which had induced him to come here
to report this bill, and which he was sure would press in
itself on the consideration of the House. r
Mr. HUBBARD moved an amendment of thew
bill, that the expense of the lunatics be charged on the 1i
city, on the authorities in which these paupers were B
located. It was properly a subject which should be P
left alone on the local authorities. That the House
was not organized for the purpose of regulating the A
Poor-house in the District of Columbia. If the pro- P
visions of the bill were carried out, the paupers of all P
the States would flock in here, and we should have v
national paupers. c
Mr. JOHNSON observed that the bill provided b
for lunatics, tl
Mr. HUBBARD said there w"s no difference, but p
the means by which they raised their support was the t
Mr. MORGAN thought the amendment very ne- tc
cessary. That the city of Washington ought to re- a
move their lunatics to Baltimore, without coming to n
Congress to ask leave, t
Mr. WM. C. JOHNSON said that the States pro- t
vided for their lunatics. Congress was. the local le-
gislature of the District-will you noteven act the part
of the States. The expenses would be comparatively b
trifling. He hoped that Congress would not act on i
a principle different from that applied by the States.-
He hoped the gentleman would withdraw his amend-
ment; and if not, that the House would reject it. I
Mr. RiED spoke at some length, which was mostly
inaudible to the reporter. He was understood to say
that he was in favor of the bill without the amend-
Mr. HUBBARD said that the States did not sup-
port all their lunatics; pauper lunatics were the pro-
per charge on the States.
Mr. PHILIP THOMAS moved an amendment
that the bill might read lunatic paupers.
Mr. VANDERPOEL suggested to the gentleman
from Maryland the propriety of another amendment 1
confining the bill to the lunatics who had a residence
in this District.
The amendments were lost; except that offered by b
Mr. Thomas, and the bill was reported to the House.
Mr. HUBBARD moved to lay the whole subjectI
on the table; the vote on which, was taken by
yeas and nays, and the motion lost: Yeas 55, nays
The bill was then read the third time, and the vote
called on the final passage of the bill.
Mr. CAVE JOHNSON said it authorized Con- i
gress to take on itself the lunatic paupers of this Dis-
trict. He was unwilling to adopt this principle, and
wished to record his vote in the negative; and there-
fore called for the yeas and nays.
Mr. DAVIS noticed an inconsistency between the
title of the bill and its provisions. The bill was entitled
"a bill for temporary relief," whereas its provisions
were permanent in every sense of the word.
Mr. W. C. JOHNSON had no objection to chang-
ing its title. He said that the committee regarded it
as temporary, supposing that at some future time an
asylum might be erected. Their object was economy-
that Congress was unwilling to build an Asylum at
Mr. GARLAND inquired whether there had not
acts passed heretofore of a similar character.
Mr. W. C. JOHNSON replied that there had not
to his knowledge.
Mr. FILLMORE said it was an imperfect bill. He
moved to recommit the bill that he might have an op-
portunity to offer an amendment limiting its duration;
and thus calling on the city hereafter to make pro-
visions for its lunatics-instead of depending on a
permanent provision by Congress.
Mr. PECK desired that the gentleman would con-
sent to the recommitment. He could not vote for it in
this shape; was exceedingly desirous to. He favored
a limitation of the bill.
Mr. W. COST JOHNSON moved the previous
The main question on the passage of the bill was
then taken and negatived: Yeas 72, nays 82.
Mr. FILLMORE renewed his motion to recommit;
Mr CAVE JOHNSON moved the orders of the
The House then proceeded to the farther investiga-
THE CONTEST'.D PENNSYLVANIA ELECTION CASE.
Mr. INGERSOLL at some length laid before the House
a statement of the circumstances of the contested elec-
tion between him and Charles Naylor, urging his
claim to the seat. At the close of his remarks-
Mr. NAYLOR took the floor, and was about pro-
ceeding in reply-
When, on motion, the House adjourned.
THURsDAY, Jan. 7, 1841.
PERMANENT PROSPECTIVE PRE-EMPTION SYSTEM.
The Senate was again occupied,'to-day, chiefly with
the Bill to establish a Permanent Prospective Pre-
The pending question was on the following amend-
ment offered by Mr. PRENTiSS, of Vermont, as a SUB-
STITUTE for the whole bill:
Strike out all after the enacting clause, and insert
the following: That every actual settler on any of
the public lands, to which the Indian title has been ex-
tinguished, except such as are hereinafter reserved, be-
ing the head of a family, or over twenty-one years of
age, who was in possession and a housekeeper, by per-
sonal residence thereon, at the time of the passing of
this act, and for four months next preceding, shall be
entitled to a pre-emption in the purchase of the land
so settled upon, not exceeding one quarter section, at
the minimum price now established by law."
Mr. HUNTINGTON, of Connecticut, addressed
the Senate, at some length, and in a very vigorous and
spirited manner, in suppeit of the substitute and in
opposition to the new policy proposed to be established
by the bill.
Mr. HUBBARD, of New Hampshire, spoke for a
considerable time in defence of the original bill, and in
reply to Mr. Clay, of Kentucky, Mr. Crittenden, and
others who had joined in the early part of the discus-
Mr. YOUNG, of Illinois, followed with some ob-
servations on the same side.
Mr. GRAHAM, of North Carolina, then took the
floor. It was, we believe, his debut in the Senate;
and eminently successful it was. His perspicuous,
unaffected, and energetic style at once attracted atten-
tion: and as he continued to speak, he gave convinc-
ing proofs of his high talents, information, and deba-
Mr. PRESTON next addressed the Senate with
his usual ability and eloquence. His remarks, and
also those of Mr. GraJham, were confined principally
to the relative powers of the General Government,
and the State Governments in regard to naturaliza-
tion, and conferring the right of citizenship, and of
the elective franchise.
Mr. ANDERSOI rose with the purpose of sub-
mitting his views on. the bill; but it being late in the
afternoon, he yielded. to a motion for adjournment
And the Senate a adjourned.
The PRESIDEN7T submitted a message from the
President of the United States, Iran.nuittuirg a r port
from the Secretary of War, containing a list of Ihe
soldiers ,-iaag, .1 in the last war with Gitati Britain,
who are .ntiileil to bounty land; which v.aia laid on
the table and orden id to be printed.
A lo, a report fr )mn the Postmastea General, with a
it of the number and compensation of the clerks en- ir
iged in hts Department, wh'.h was laid on the table pr
nid ordered to pnnted. ol
Also, a report from ihe Secretary of the Treasur, ir
ansinritng a statement furni-htd iby the banking in-
orp..ratinri of the Dietricl ot C,lumbia, showing their V
mndiiion on the Iit lf January, 1's1 ; which was laid
n the table and ordered to be printed, b
Also, a report from th,- Secletarv of the Trnasiury. fv,
n answer to a resolutiion of the S-rnate of the 4hb imit.
relatilc to the seLtlenent oflhe Mitssisippi hInd claims,
which was -eecired ,o the Cmminttee n Finance. ti
Mr. LINN pre.entidl the ni.'nmoral of the heirs and o
egal representatives of Major General Duportail, of
Brigadier General Armand and Capt. De la Colombe, tl
raying bounty land for revolutionary service; which
was re erred to the Committee on Public Lands. C
Mr. WILLIAMS, from the Committee on Naval a
Affairs, to which was referred the House bill making
provisions for navy pensions, and in relation to half p
ay reported the same with an amendment.
Mr. KING, from the Committee on Commerce, to
which was referred the memorials of citizens of Mi- t
higan, praying for the imposition of a duty on fish i
brought from Canada, asked that the committee might
e discharged from their further consideration, and
hat the memorialists have leave to withdraw their pa-
pers. Mr. K. stated as a reason for this motion, that
he Senate had no power by the Constitution to enact
Bill imposing duties. The motion was agreed to
Mr. WRIGHT, from the Committee on Finance,
o which had been referred memorials for the exten- t
ion of time to the deposit banks of Natchez for pay-
ment of money into the Treasury of the United States,
reported a joint resolution authorizing the Srretai aY of
he Treasury to extend further indulgence to certain
of the late deposit banks; which was read, and or-
dered to a second reading.
Mr. W. also, from the same committee, to which I
was referred a bill to authorize the payment of equita-
ble commissions to the agents or attorneys of persons
in whose favor awards have been made under three
several treaties between the United States and certain
foreign powers, which awards have been retained in
the Treasury in payment of debts due to the United
States, reported the same without amendment.
Mr. TAPPAN submitted the following resolution,
which was considered and agreed to:
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be
directed to communicate to the Senate, at as early a
period as practicable, in a detailed and tabular form,
all the information in the power of his Department in
answer to the following questions:
1. What amount has the Federal Government lost,
from its organization to this time, by the employment
of banks, by the use of bank paper, or by its connec-
tions in any wise with banks, including the deprecia-
ion of bank paper.
2. What amount the people of the United States
have lost, frc min the commencement of the Government
to this time, by the failure and the suspension of banks,
and by the depreciation of bank paper, by the loss and
destruction of bank notes, and by the existence of
banks and the use of bank paper generally.
3. What have the people and Government of the
United States paid, directly and indirectly, to the ag-
gregate banks of the United States, for the use of those
institutions annually for the last ten years.
4. What proportion of the stock of the several
banks of the United States is at this time owned by
The joint resolution to present to universities and
incorporate colleges, copies of the Catalogue of the
Library of Congress.
The bill for the relief of Mary Prettyman; and
The bill for the benefit of the Howard Institute of
the city of Washington, were severally read a third
time and passed.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.
The bill for the relief cf Joseph M. Hernandez;
The bill for the relief of Gad Humphreys, of the
Territory of Florida;
The bill for the relief of Molachi Hogan, of the
Territory of Florida;
Were severally considered as in Committee of the
Whole, and ordered to be engrossed for a third read-
Ilhe bill for the relief of the legal representatives of
John J. Bulow, jr., deceased, being taken up-
Mr. BUCHANAN said he would ask of the chair-
man of the Committee on Claims, whether the com-
mittee were in favor of making compensation for all
the losses of individuals occasioned by the war in Flo-
Mr. HUBBARD said that question had not beer.
presented to the consideration of the committee. If it
should be presented to that committee, so far as he was
concerned, he was decidedly opposed to any such prin-
Mr. BUCHANAN said he would to-morrow un
dertake to show that the bills which had just been or
dered to a il,r,l nt.tl.ng involved that principle, and
if it passed, would be tl.. -., ,.- .,flairm ,millins of
nl l -r' t'roIT, III, .,p bll,' 'I reilr%
51i. I -IU B E A R Il) would with pleasure listen to the
Senator's views on the subject at his earliest conveni-
Some further conversation ensued as to the princi-
ples involved in these bills, in which Mersrs. Wright,
Hubbard, and King, participated; when, by equal
consent, the bill under consideration was informally
passed over, with the understanding that it and the
others for claims in Florida, would be discussed to-
The bill to continue in force the act for the final ad-
justment of private land claims in Missouri, approved
9th July, 1832, and the act supplemental thereto, ap-
proved 2d March, 1833.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
THURSDAY, January 7, 1841.
Mr. LEET asked and obtained leave to withdraw
the petition and papers of heirs of Capt. Richard Dal-
lanar, of the Revolutionary army.
The SPEAKER having announced the business
before the House to be the case of contested election
from the State of Pennsylvania, between Messrs.
Naylor and Ingersoll-
And Mr. NAYI.oa being entitled to the floor-
Mr. FILLMORE rose (at the request, he was un-
derstood to say, of Mr. NArLOr,) and moved that the
further consideration of the -l.'j.1 i be postponed until
to-,norrow morning. He (Mr I'.) understood that
Mr. NATLOR was very much out of health, and that he
desired, as a tfvor, that a postponemsnt might take
Mr. MONROE hoped another day, and not to-
morrow, would be fixed upon. It was private bill day
and ought not, in the present state of the calendar, to
be given up to other purposes.
Mr. FILLMORE said he would then, at the re-
quest of many gentlemen around him, propose Mon-
Mr. WISE thought that, before a day was fixed,
the House should ascertain the disposition of Mr.
Mr. NAYLOR then rose and said a few words, of
which nothing could be heard by the reporter beyond
the statement of the fact that he had suffered severely
all night, and (as ho was understood) that Monday
would be agreeable to him.
Mr. VANDERPOEL inquired of the Steker
whether the subject would come up as a miurldeg.d
The SPEAKER replied in the affirmative.
And, the question ltasin been taken, the further
consideration of the subject was postponed until Mon-
LUNATICS IN THE DISTrICT OF COLUMBIA.
The motion of Mr. Fm.LMvoRE, to reconsider the
vote of yesterday, rejecting the bill to make temporary
provision for lunatics in the District of Columbia, came
up, in order, for consideration.
Mr. REED said that the reporter of the Globe had
misunderstood him as to one or two things. He was
reported to have said that the marshal of this District
had an annual salary of ten thousand dollars and the
persons in jail were tn the most wretched condition. I
said (observed Mr. R.) that the income or emoluments
of the office of marshal of this District were said to
be ten thousand dollars, and that it was said that the
]persons in jail were in a most wretched condition, and
(said Mr. R.) I believe it. The income or emoluments
of office arise from fees and the profits of boarding
prisoners for about $2 50 per week.
I hope (said Mr. R.) that the motion will prevail,
and that the vote rejecting the bill may be reconsidered.
I feel bound, as an act of justice and humanity, to
make provision for the unfortunate lunatics in this Dis-
trict. They do assemble here, for various causes, from
all parts of the country. They are in a miserable and
wretched condition. Humanity demands relief for
them. This District ought not in justice, they are
not able in fact, to bear the tax of supporting these lu-
natics; I am therefore in favor of supporting these na-
tional lunatics from the national treasury.
Mr. TILLINGHAST suggested that what seem-
ed to him to be required was a simple change in the
phraseology of the bill, by inserting the word pau-
per.. in the last, as well as in the former part.
He htIhI, ttalo that the bill should contain a pro-
i,,u...n linuing it. operalior 1to the lunatics who might
Iivf been inh.gL'anIt..f t he District of Columbia. I
His motive yesterday in ,-1ing for a withdrawal of
the previous question was, that he might suggest tbePe
alterations, as he could not vote for the bill in the form
n which it then stood He was in favor of the bill,
rovided -ueh an alteration was mad e in the phrase-
logy as would carry out the real obje cis which it waa
tended to accomplish.
The previous question was moved by Mr. MAR-
rIN, a.ni d handed,. pui, and carried.
And the question lI recors;der.tion was then taken
y yeas and nays, and decided in the affirnmati,'e, as
,.llon. Years i15, nays 62.
The rteconsidtration being carried-
Mr. FILLMORE moved that the bill be ifrcn.rnit-
ted to the Committee of the Whole House on ihet dale
f the Union for the purpose of amendment.
Mr. JAMESON moved that it he recommitted to
lie Committee for the District of Columbia
The question was first put on -omnmiitling to the
Committee of the Whole on the state of the Unimn,
nd carri-ed Yre-, 95, nay- not counted.
Mr. Fl LLMC IRE then moved that the rule be snt-
ended so as to go immediately into Committeo of the
hole on the bill; carried: Yeas 87, nays 57.
The House then resolved itself into committee of
he Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. LINCO LW
n the chair.)
The bill was then read by the Clerk.
Mr. FILLMORE moved to add the following sec-
"That this act shall continue in force until the 4th
lay of March, 1843, and no longer."
Mr. PECK moved further to amend so as to con-
inue the operation of the bill to pauper lunatics of the
District of Columbia whose support is legally charge-
ible thereto; this was also agreed to.
Mr. FILLMORE moved that the committee rise
mand report the bill to the House.
Mr. HAND opposed the bill atconsiderable leng Ih'
but e %.liiilv di.hvowed any hostile feeling to the peo-
ple ,:.i It Ditriut of Columbia, collectively or indi-
vidually. He did not know by what right he could
sit here and vote away the money of his constituents
for such a purpose. His constituents supported their
own paupers out of their own means. ft was an ob-
ligation resting upon every community to support its
paupers as well as lunatics, but the burden of the ex-
pense should not be suffered to fall where it did not
justly belong. He had no objection that the bill au-
thorizing the removal of lunatics should be passed, but
it ought to be done at the expense of the District. He
considered the provision in the bill as it now stood as
unconstitulij,,,ainol *' iri.. ,
Mr. W. T-Ht.MPS-ti IN replied to the constitution-
al objections of the gentleman from New York, Mr.
Hand, and to his opinions on State rights, which he,
Mr. W., regarded as not applicable to the present
case. Theie were circumstances connected with the
situation and condition of this District which render-*
ed it proper that a discrimination should be made on a
question of this nature. Why did this city support
its own paupers ? A very large proportion of the pro-
perty of the city was owned by the Government, and
was therefore free from taxation.
The city could not tax thi. property for its own
citizens, and on this account it was certainly entitled
to some equivalent at our hands. Congress was the
domestic Legislature of the city; and he, for one,
would rather walk in mud from here to the President's
House, (a walk, however, which he had not taken
often of late) than he would meet a lunatic in the
street; for relief culd not be given. If you met a
pauper, you might make him h-Tpv. for the time by a
trifling sum-which was twice blessed,'" t.le ;ng him,
that gave and him thattook;" but you ..c.uld n.,t thus
relieve a lunatic. Rather than not provide the requi-
site means to accomplish the object designed by the
bill, he would pay a quota of the amount out of his
own pocket; and if the gentleman from New York,
Mr. Hand, would offer an amendment proi.iding that
each member should contribute a day's pay for the
purpose, he, Mr. T., would vote for it. For i "n
part, however, he had no scruples about iiting lor the
Mr. W. C. JOHNSON said that there was a regu-
lar appropriation made by Congress for ihtil adte-kef-
ing of prisoners in this District; and thai, undti the
law making that appropriation, Lawrence was now
confined in the prison of Washington for having
snapped two pistols at the then President of the U united
States, Gen. Jackson. From the mere accident of
having false caps, the'life of the Prym idnt viaa sed;
and the individual who attempted it was now cmfinnd
in the common jail of the county, anl the expenses
were paid out of the money ofthenalionr. There was
also a small appropriation made by the CitpoUriun of
Washington for some of their lunatics; but there was
a lurd -t apait in the apprc.tpriatiin bill for ihis
-.-, ti.:- purpo-e
[Mr. J h, re in i to thbe Clrk' table and had read
thle law winch makys al-propialion tir th. Judiciary
v'-_lrrT, u ih. Liisliilh, ihe sale-keeping of the pnrion-
Thus it would lbe seen that gentlemen who tell so
'ery sli itlous to hnind snom maier tun which they might
exlinbilt tlir triet %enks ..f economy, wuuld mnot irn
curh a E. ,-t rr..di-latv here as they supposed; and .. -
that thl unly q 91k .on wa. vhribehr etC money sholiI4.
tbe p,.id out of tme ullic trea-ury, Ibr the conhnement
,)l thee ltinrati.- h ore, o whether the little expense
should be incurred by confining them in an asylum ,
more large, more comfortable and airy, where, also,
they would have the benefit of the besi medical atten-
Granting that thiab wire r. ally a tax upon the public
treur), knhicli he lal w he h;IJ read showed it was
not,) still did th( b ciiik'iian know that the General
Government was the ,.-.it hmn.jei proprietor here. Its
vacant lots were re, irom iazatll..n, as were al-o its
public edifices. [Mr. J. here alluded oh the condition
of holders of lots in this city, in illustration of the ex-
tent to which taxation upon them was necessary, and
of the ruinous results which often followed.] Let the
property of the Government here be taxed in the
same ratio as was the property of individuals, and the
District of Columbia would never again come here to
ask Congress for one dollar of donation or appro-
priation. Mr. J. then alluded to the use which was
made of this District by young aspirants in thie politi-
cal arena. It was used as a sort of experimental farm
-as a species of polemic society in which young ora-
tors guaged their powers, before they made their ap-
pearance on a larger scale, and before a more exten-
Much that had been said about the people of this
District was unjust; and if the gentleman from New
York (Mr. Hand) would extend his walks beyond
Pennsylvania Avenue, and see the misery which pre-
sented itself almost every where, he would then be
disposed to think that Congress should be less parsi-
monious in its legislation: and that, in uppoiting such
a bill as thi-, r,.,hte..,- I, it was in its. l ,..,s,,its, he
was doing r,,.ihin: ,,r.rt th.n an act of justice.
Mr. DAW i".' N k ni w .iii ething, he said, about the
condition of the District of Columbia. It was known
to every observing .'irn that therewas more lunacy in
this District, in m.r.,port.'r:n to its population, than in
any other part of the United States; and the question
naturally arising was, how this misfortune happened 't
It was, however, easily to be accounted for.
In the first place the Penoion Laws went into oper-
ation here. Here wisa the f.o 'mt i of dliepn-iing chanty
tothosewho had fought ihs batnlt ol' the R-'Llutmun.
Claimants of this character-all old menu-concentra-
ted here to ask for justice, and they were frequently
disappointed. They were thus thrown upon the char-
ity of the District; they became penniless, -,nl finally
often lunatics. Here they were, in the midst of a gen-
erous and a Chiistian people; and what was done
with them 1 They were sent to jail, there to receive
the benefits of your laws.
Another class of men who fond their way to this
District were men in the pursuitoF shir,ee-L-f the
mechanical arts-and who came I, ,r Ibr fiifrr,.--
wild, visionary theorists-men unaccustomed to the
common avocations at life, and ( rmiael in the pur-
suit of matters beyond their reach. \ lhc n they were
disappointed, they also were througn |.ion time .:haitiy
of this generous but worn-down roiruniriniy Addeil
to this class were all the men tnae,,d on ',ijr splendid
buildings, with their wives .,ilj "children--...ne of
them euii r,' f,..,, i'r snd ih, A lvrntm', r,,anv uf u honi
become in-ane, ,.i ',rre thus tl,rou ln upori 1he char-
ity of the ten miles square.
Another class were those who came here in search
of public offices, but who were disappointed, and, ha-
ving nothing were also thrown upon this community,
Hecould go on with a l'.g t'n,,'mn-rrtli],n, but it was
not necessary. These tlir.s pre irlthrimrt to the
seat of Government.
The constitutional question he would not argue.
The gentleman from South Carolina (Mr. i'In,MF-
soN) lad put "halite ,I.i.ri to rest. N h'aiii cuIJ dr-
ny that this w;,- a itt,. i of jutic. rnd right. [MNIr
D. then alluded to the vast sums .f.. l. I- p ol
,hih til.-.iii, r.-rt it:,iesofthe U iImonr h0l ih,: bei.-
I bl, i\ r a\ .,,i ,i i l r., lr iiirrit a- mu the a ,i,-ii,nls
..I, ji,,'nc c\pnC I J .pt n I.In1 Di-IrltI ] T he .L|t l..i "
e".'oiL I, .lie ,al, ir. tow rw ti'e-mlli a lun mLL' asylu ,,
iild I,. Djmtr'tt ,f Lof tm,,lun f't.h!, hcad ,ir ial'n ,i lae
ofa more extended poI.illati.)n, eouid soon .,lke.in simi-
lar provision for herself.
Mr. D. alluded to the moneys appropriated for har-
bors and on the lake, for the benefit of the constitu-
ents of the gentleman from Nei York I.Mr HlaNo)
or some portion of them. H.- t|iliri.l tihat, it lth'
whole population ofthe Uni;, d Sti, -could ber tought
togetherhere, not one in a hurnlrc.l thousand oulHI
object to ".le p:,sr.ce of this bill And h. ,l-t -ure that
he would be hinp--ii,, up.on the irteiligrniceuli thi.is
House, upon i-a ibtra'iiy, its jostire, and it z ,i.ermni-
nation to do what was right, were he tu prCletid sri-
ously to argue such considerations.
Mr. HAND admitted that therewas a law making
appropriations for 'he support of the Judiciary, but de-
nied that there was anything in il about paupers. He
disclaimed any hostility to the District; but insisted
that there mas no law providing Ior the support of lu-
natics in this District by Congreso
Mr. BRIGGS was un.lcrsio',il, in reply to the con-
stLitutional question as raised by Mr. H-.on, I.,' argue
that the same principle upon vhtich Congress wouldd
make approprialins for Ihe support ot'crtminalwvwuld
jusiiIy, also. the appropriation lot the c,,ntin-menti of
"luinatics. Th. most degraded criminal insight, aceord-
ing to the argument 6f the genlliuan front New
York, be provided w,ih food arnd rairrirnt but
the monent ihthe qt,sti-.jn was, whether relie" should
be extended to those unfortunate t:.-;ng_ who hal been
deprived oftheir eicason, ite Constitutnon of the Uni-
te, States inlrpose,l, ail the door wa" to be .hut
againsi iheir In making an urlprnl appeal to the
committee to pas*. ihis bill, Mr B. alluded to the
wretched condition of ihcae lunatic, and et,,p'-ially
the case of a fenitile in one ofl the piaiinienis of the
Mr. MONRO'E al&o hoioleI the bill would p.,es If
he hJd ever entcrtalned arivy dult a to0 the propriety
an jusltic,- ot the law, thoe doubtli woull hae been
put to flight aliir hearing the argument h,.h Ini De-
intocratic friend fr,,rr New York ( Mr. HanIl'i hid. no
dout, with tbeef intention;, sunii ied lie k Mr.
M I i wa .ati.ifid that the till ought tI, p.iss He be-
lieed thal not a iiia, aii,.:.n hii own c..intituints,or
the c.nsitiueniA ,f hirs collepue, (MNIr Handi would
vote against it, if he understood it.
Mr. HUBBARD opposed the bill on a principle
whi.-h h- thought, nioWIih landin., all that had been
said.J, gecnilcu. r had dodged In hi,. State, they sup-
,,.rlei their piau.-rs tV direct tairiton and howcould
they be called upon not only to support their % n rau -
pers, but ihose ofl'the District olf i'olumbia i Hie re-
ferred to the immense burden which this thing ioul.
throw upon Congress, when the p.'pulalioi, of thF city
should swell up to two or three hunJdred ihousani,
but it was to the principle that he was opposed. The
funds of the Union ought not to be appropriated to
carry on the police system of this District; the Dis-
t rilet o'ugh t I u support its charities of all descriptions;
and ihe Jpeo-lle of Alabama had just as much right to
-make this request as the people of this District.
Mr. H. conteotded that the people here couldenot be
too poor to support their own parishes; and, in carry-
ing out his argument, spoke of the vast amounts of
money which ere t. pit in thie Ditri,' in vari.s
ways through the corilnigeni Lnd ol ihe to House.,
through the publi.- ofi,.-er-r, e He b.:li,evc-.l th.,t
Conreeu h..l n.) more power in legislation here than
it had over the Territories.
Mr. ALFORD, in reply to the constitutional ob-
jectioni taken by Mr. Hand and Mr. Hubbard, said
that, bfor hi own part, he held the Bibleto be ilia 1iigh-
(-I contituiiornai auihoril, which a Christian nation
'oild know lHe believed. an, he was taught by the
d, trirne inrul 'aiid t'y our Li.rd and Saviour, that the
greali--t il'all virtue-'was -Ai ,,'-; and when heheard
constitutional law urged against the supreme law of
Heaven itself, and against the principles of charity
%hil,h that law enjoined, he, as a Christian, was as-
toni -ht,-d It seemed to him thatnotonly did the com-
mon principles of charity recommend this bill to the
adoption of the committee, but that the persons to
whom it had reference were peculiarly the proper ob-
jects of their solicitude. Ifhewaslegislating in Geor-
gia, he would not hesitate for a moment to make pro-
vision for these persons within the jurisdictional limits
of his own State; and he would not hesitate here,
when, Coiharee- hId exclusive power to legislate, and
when rlharily, rdli.'orn, and the wants of those who
were sulllerim., aliki. called upon him toact. He hoped
tihe bll wv,.ul.I pa.- without a dissenting voice. If the
gentleman from Alabama and the gentleman from New
York, had proper feelings, and would pay a visit to the
jail here, their conscientious scruples would all melt
away befir., ihe ei\hit which would there present itself.
He hopfd the. ict.lAte would close here, and that the
House, as a set of Christians ought to do, would go
The committee then rose and reported the bill with
the twio aintrtnoeit, they were concurred in, and the
bill was ord.,rrdl tl. a third reading.
It av& then rrad the thirdtime, and the question od
;: i par age was taken by yeas and nays, and decided
YEAS-MAEsrs Adams, Alfrd, Jidl-on Allen, J.
W Allen, Andrews, Baker, Barnard, Boardman,
Bond, Brewster Bri'ge, Brockway, Sampson H. But-
ler, Win. t Butle, C'alhoun, William B. Campbell,
Carr, Carroll, Carter, Casev, Chitierdein, Cranston,
_urtis, Cuohin., Davee, Edlar, Daeei, John W.
Daviq, G. Dai-, Dan ion, Deberry, Dellet; Doe D.-4;,
EJwand, Ely, c eriit, Fillmore, Fine, Fisher, Fl.-'dr,
Galbraith, Goggin. Gio..de, Graham, Granger, Graves,
Green, Giinnell, Jo.hn Hasiinos, Henry, Hill, ofVa.,
Hoffman, Holme's, Hook, Hunt, James, Chas. John-
ston, W C JohLirson, Kemble, Kempshall, King,
Lane, Le,-t, Lincoln, L.,we-l, Meredith Mallory F.
Mallory, Mar in, MNlas--.:.n, lM.-nrw, Morgan, Morrow,
ULsbirne, Palen, Parruniter, Peck, Pope, Randall,
Rariden, Rayner, Reed Rid.wav. Elward Rogers,
-- Russell, Saltuiirall, Sergeant, SliI, John Smith.
Truman Smith, Siards, Stuarl Sunimttr, c ny, Ta.
lialerr.), P. F Thoiini, W. Thompson, Tillinghast,
Tola.od, Triplti, Trumbull, Underwood, Warren,
Weller, .I.)hn Whuie, T NV. Williams, L. Williams,
J L Williams, Chr-_.Lphtr H. Williams, Winthrop,
WViVe- I iI
NAYS-N'.Mtrs Atherton, Banks, Black, Black-
wivell, Aar.:.n V Brown,A. G. Brown, Burke, Clif-
lord, Coles, C:'nne'r. Crabb, Crary, Cross, John Da-
i,. Doan, Ounean, Earl, Eastman, Garland, Griffin,
Hand, Hawe.-, HaI kins, Hill, of N. C., Hopkins,
HuiblUil. Janie-on., C2 Johnson, Keim, Kille, Lewis,
Lucas, NMcL-l'hllh, nM-Culloch, Medill, Montanya, S.
W Morrin, Parrn.h, Parris, Paynter, Prentiss, Rey-
old-, J. Rgi-r& R',-11 Shaw, Shepard,Steenrod,Strong,
Swearingen, Taylor, Jacob Thonmpson,. B. Thomp-
son, Turney, Watterson, Wick, ared Williams, 1H.
So the bill was passed.
The SPEAKER laid before the Houae the fellow-
ing communications, viz:
1. A letter from the Treasurer of the United States,
Mr. Selden, transmitting his quarterly accounts for
the service of the Post Office Department for the years
1837, 1838, and 1839, each year ending on the 30th
The IlEitt.i of the Treasurer states that the balance
to his cr, dit Ilor the use ofthe Post Office Department
in the late deposit banks is $22,844- of that amount,
$22,827 is in the Bank of the Metropolis, and detained
by the bank in satisfaction of certain alleged claims
against the Post Office Department. The balance in
his hands and in the hands of sub-treasurers belong-
ing to the Department is $12,921. Referred to the
Committee on Expenditures in the Post Office Depart-
2. A letter from the Secretary of the Treasury,
irarmitting the annual statements showing the con-
.it,-.r ol 1 h. -evi ral banks of the District of Columbia.
Laid on the table.
3. A letter from the Secretary of the Navy, with a
printed copy of the Naval Register for 1841, for each
4. A letter from the Postmaster General, accompa-
nied by a list of the clerks employed in his Depart-
ment i the year 1840, with the pay of each. There
were 59 clerks-the salary of each clerk is named, but
the a.gri-gat" aount paid during the year is not
I given-- La.l .n the table.
5. A Ilter i,,.,ii the Postmaster General, accompa-
nied with a list of ri-ihlas and teiii[.ory r,:.ni-.tn fi.u
ployed by ith Povi ,.ini,.e [Icpirlmi.n', ,lbh il-,
amount paid to each from Jul) I a \^v), Io N,-,',caL..r
The regular agents are Arthur Nelson, Howard
Kennedy, Vm. Tanner, C. G. McHutton, James
Bro,'n, Alvin IIa f\e- George Plitt, at a regular sala-
ry ol St ',tii" eachit',h allowances for transportation,
subsistence, and other expenses, about equal, in the
aggregate, to the regular salary.
The temon.ra, a\,reilt were John Manon, John A.
1 Vebber Thon a J- B,.yd, Charles H. Kirk, Samuel
Fry,B. H H-tlava\. Thus. H. Grenville, A. J.
Comstock, Lemuel M: Barker, J. Vansant, S. Dou-
bleday: Ih', ialut, of Ihe .special service is stated, to-
gether with thr ,.rp.'-nr,-oiii, given; which, in gene-
ral, are small sums. Referred to the Committee on
Expenditures in the Post Office Department.
6. A letter from the Governor of the Territory of
S I,., a u,,,-lmnr. thr,-, memorials; one for post routes;
S.i,,- f, in an.,mr..,ri'i.jn for a penitentiary; the other
S foir a military road from Bloomington to Iowa city,
then to intersect the road from Dubuque to the Mis-
BILLS FROM THE SENATE.
iir,,ndi i Illa, IE,. tfore received from the Senate se-
v(r..lly r.ceivcd their rirst and second readings, and
were referred, viz:
A bill to provide for the settlement of the claim of
the State of Maine for the service of her militia. Re-
ferred to the Committee of the Whole on the state of
I A bill to confirm to the State of Indiana the land
selected by her for that part of the Wabash and Erie
canal which lies between the mouth of Tippecanoe
river and Terre Haute, and for other purposes. Re-
ferred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
A bill for the relief of the Plumb Island Bridge and
Turnpike Company. Referred to the Committee oft
A bill for the relief of John Carter. Referred to the
Committee on the Judiciary.
SA bill in addition to the act for the relief of W ali r
Loomis and Abel Gay. Referred to the Committee
on the Judiciary.
A bill I'or the reliefof -'lement, P.ry.an & L-'o.
When thi- bill ha,J r.',:iel it, sr.,id re.,Jing, two
motions of reference wi, ,- iiadO.
1st. By Mr. A% ATI' ElISi-N, to the C...--mInitt,e
on the Judiciary.
2d. By Mr. GIDDINGS, to the Committee of
Cor,-deralle discussion arose as to which of these
comrrl>te, i the, hill n,oie appropriately belonged, in
-hi.h MNz-rs Brown, ol Ternnes."e, Brown, of Mis-
sai-,[,pi, and Turnev- adlvocated aIs going to Ihe Con.
Will..e ,On ihe .luJi; ary, and Meers Ciddingv and
Ru.-,ll ta the Committee of Claims.
The previous question was ordered, on motion of
Mr. CUSHING, and
The question was first put on the motion first made,
tha a, i that the bill be referred to the Committee on
'hi, Judiciary, and carried in the affirmative.
And Lfi.' bill was referred to the Committee on the
The tbll, from the Senate, for the relief of John
Moore was twice read, and a motion was made by Mr.
G I D D I NG iS to refer it to the Committee of Claims;
which, at the request of Mr. DAWSON, he with-
drew, and Mr. D. moved its reference to the Commit-
tee on the Judiciary.
Mr. STANLY said that it had been given as a
reason for referring the bill to the Committee on the
Judiciary, that that committee had nothing to do. He
assured gentlemen that was a mistake. The commit-
tee had a plenty to do. There were already two or
three bushels of petitions in the committee room upon
the subject of a bankrupt law. There was the natu-
ralization bill, introduced by a gentleman from New
York, Mr. Hand; and there was the Hooe case,
which was not yet finally disposed of-these three
cases are to be decided upon; they were important and
difficult. There were, also, various other subjects
committed to the committee; in fact, the committee
already had more to do than they could get through by
the 4th of March.
The bill was referred to the Committee on the Ju-
Mr. CUSHING moved that the House resolve it-
self into Committee of the Whole on the state of the
Union, to take into consideration the bill to provide
for the satisfaction of claims of certain American oi-
tizens for spoliations u1irnriFil on their commerce
prior to 3d July, 1801.
Mr:.THOMPSON, of Mississippi, moved an ad-
journment, on which the yeas and nays were ordered;
when the motion to adjourn was withdrawn.
The question was then put on Mr. Cushing's mo-
tion and negatived.
Mr. UNDERWOOD moved that the House re-
solve itself into Committee of the Whole on the bill
for the relief of the owners of land warrants granted
for military services in the late war.
The SPEAKER said it would require two-thirds,
as it was not the regular order of business; it might,
however, be done by unanimous consent.
Mr. VANDERPOEL objected.
REPORTS PROM COMMITTEES.
Mr. CURTIS, from the Committee on Commerce,
reported a bill authorizing and providing for the pur-
chase of a lot of land adjoining the custom house in
Which was twice read; when
Mr. CURTIS moved thatit be referred to theCom-
mittee of the Whole on the state of the Union.
Mr. WISE thought it should go to the Committee
on Public Expenditures.
After some remarks from Mr. WISE and Mr.
The reading of the bill was called for, and, having
been read, it was committed to the Committee of the
Whole on the state of the Union..
Mr. CURTIS also reported a bill for the relief of
S. C. Phillips, administrator of J. Porter Felt; which
was read twice and committed for to-morrow.
Mr. WELLER, from the Committee on Commerce,
reported adversely on the petition of Win. J. Stilwell.
Laid on the table.
Mi. CASEY, from the Committee on the Public
Lands, reported a bill for the relief of George H.
Slaughter; which was twice read and committed for
Mr. GARLAND, from the Committee on the Pub-
lic Lands, reportedd the bill from the Senate to relin-
quish the interest of the United States to a certain
tract of land in the State of Alabama, without amend-
ment ; it was committed for to-morrow.
Mr. THOMPSON, of Mississippi, from the Com-
mittee on the Public Lands, reported the bill from the
Senate to establish an additional land district in the
State of Alabama.
Mr. MONROE, from the Committee on Miiitary
Affairs, reported a bill to found a military asylum for
the relief and support of invalid soldiers of the army of
the United States; committed to the Committee of
the Whole on the state of the Union, and ordered to
r. M. moved to print an extra number of copies of
the bill and report which accompanied it; which mo-
tion lies over under the rule.
Mr. CARR, from the Committee on Revolutionary
Pensions, reported a bill for the relief of John Lybrook,
and a bill for the relief of Michael Saes; which were
twice read tand committed for to-morrow.
Mr. ANDREWS, from the Committee on Revolu-
tionary Pensions, reported adversely on the cases of
Hannah Waldo, Abigail Reeves, Juliet Onion, Tho-
mas Hall, Margaret Askins, Peggy Duncan, Carter
B: Chandler, Abigail Allen, and loshua Bill.
Mr. CHITTENDEN, from the Committee on In-
valid Pensions, reported a bill for the relief of Beriah
Wright; which was twice read and committed for to-
Also, made adverse reports to the cases of Samuel
Gossage, Win. A. Houston, and Simon Smith. Laid
on the table.
Mr. PALEN, from the Committee on Invalid Pen-
sions, reported adversely on the cases of Richard Cot-
trill, Peter Sky, Josiah Hunt, James K. George, and
Also, reported a bill for the relief of Levi Colmus;
which was twice read, and committed for to-morrow.
Several committees were discharged from petitions
and memorials which had been erroneously referred,
and they were committed to appropriate committees.
Mr. DAVIS, of Indiana, moved an adjournment,
which was carried,
And the House adjourned.
FRIDAY, Jan. 8, 1841.
PERMANENT PROSPECTIVE PRE-EMPTION SYSTEM.
The Senate to-day, resumed the consideration of the
bill for establishing a permanent prospective pre-emp-
The question pending being on the substitute for
the whole bill, offered by Mr. Prentiss.
Mr. ANDERSON, of Tenn., addressed the Senate
at length, in opposition to the substitute, and in favor
of the original measure.
Mr. MANGUM expressed a wish to speak on the
subject, but owing to indisposition, desired that it
might be passed over informally for the present.
Mr. CRITTENDEN submitted the following re-
solutions, which he wished to have printed, and an-
nounced his intention of moving the adoption of them
at a proper time.
Resolved, That the bill be recommitted to the com-
mittee that reported it, with instructions to report
amendments thereto, to the following effect:
1st. To distribute the proceeds of the sales of the
public lands among the several States of the Union, in
just and equitable proportions.
2d. To grant to actual bona fide settlers on the
public lands the right of pre-emption to any quantity
thereof not exceeding one-half section, or 320 acres,
including the place of settlement, at the minimum price
of $1 25 per acre, with such provisions as shall limit
this right of settlement and pre-emption to actual bonrs
fide settlers, whose estate at the time of settlement shall
not exceed the value of $1,000, and furthermore, with
such provisions as shall effectually exclude the wealth-
ier speculators from all benefit under this law, and shall
prevent them from interfering with, or participating in,
the privilege and right of settlement and pre-emption,
which are hereby granted and intended for the sole ad-
vantage of the needy and honest settlers and cultivar"
tors of the soil.
Mr. LINN gave notice that when the considera-
tion of these resolutions came up, he would move to
amend, by a proposition to devote the whole proceeds
of the sales of the public lands to strengthen-
ing the national defenses. He hoped both his
proposition, and that of the Senator from Ken-
tucky, would be voted down; but he was determined
to append such a measure to every scheme for distribu-
ting the proceeds of the land sales.
Mr. BENTON next rose, and with an extraordi-
ii\ iimn|emn, ratre of language and gesture, denounced
th,.- rejlutf.n.uof' Mr. Crittenden as proposing, in el-
feet, toestablish a public debt-to create a new tariff-
to add to the expcnditures.--and Uto put money in the
Bank. Afler raving and reciting upon these 'pies in
the most approe,]J demagogue slyl, i'.r a quali,'r 'fai,
hour, hechargedI Mr Ci0,TrrEW'-.N with having opened
up the whole policy of ihe coming Adminisiralion;
and he affectedly lr,m. I hiA ilh inks I.-. Mr. C. ifr hav-
ing done -o
lr. CRIT'IENDEN ,radea fewtieninrkas i reply,
and lias cha w and parliamentary deportment present-
ed as fine a contrast to the unmannerly and noisy ve-
hemence of the Missouri Senator, as did his sound
views and just sentiments to that person's idle and
empty declamation. He told the Missouri Senator
that he was welcome to all the advantages derivable
from his, Mr. C's., public declarations on these or any
other subjects. He thought of himself so humbly,
that he was not particularly anxious to withhold his
opinions. On the contrary, he was habitually prompt
-perhaps too prompt-to declare them as they were.
Such as they were, he was ready to maintain; and in
regard to those he had expressed in these resolutions,
he was prepared to put them before the country, even
without argument. He did not see why the Senator
from Missouri should tender him thanks for a declara-
tion of principles and purposes which the Senate and
the public knew he always had maintained.
Mr. CRITTENDEN added that, as the member
was in the vein of giving thanks, he would present a
new claim to his gratitude. He would not only go for
a distribution of the proceeds of the land sales among
the States, but he would go for laying taxes on luxu-
ries, on wines and silks, to raise a revenue to meet the
actual wants of the Government, under an economical
The distinguished Kentucky Senator then com-
mented, with all his inimitable power of sarcasm and
ridicule, on the spouting of Mr. Benton about icono-
my. It was, indeed, a good thing to hear persons who
have themselves, for twelve long years of misrule
wasted the substance of the Treasury by thair un-
bounded prodigality-it was notable to hear them,
now, in extremist, and when they are about tobequeath
to General Harrison impoverished coffers, leaving to
us recommendations ofthe strictest economy.
Mr. CALHOUN rose, and said, that as the whole
public land policy would be opened up by the discus-
sion proposed, he would, at the same time, urge the
consideration of his project to cede the public lands to
the States in which they lie, on certain conditions.
The further consideration of the subject was then
postponed to Monday next.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
FRIDAY, Jan. 8, 1841.
At the usual hour the House was called to order.
After prayer by Rev. Mr. Cookman, and reading of
Mr. THOMPSON rose, and made a correction of
Mr. EVERETT then offered the following resolu-
That the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions be
instructed to inquire into the expediency of continuing
for the term of five years the pensions allowed under
the act granting half-pay of pensions to widows, passed
July 7, 1838.
Mr. E. moved to suspend the rules for the purpose
of receiving the resolution.
After some conversation by Messrs. Peck, Taliafer-
ro, and Galbraith, relative to the resolution and in-
quiring whether the committee had not already report-
ed a bill to this effect, the question on the motion
was taken by yeas and nays, and resulted as follows:
Yeas 99, nays 53.
Not being two-thirds, the rules were not suspended.
Reports from committees were then in order.
From the Committee on Public Lands: Mr. CA-
SEY reported the Senate bill No. 23, which, on mo-
tion of Mr. C. was referred to the Committee of the
Whole, and made the order of the day for to-morrow.
From the Committee on Claims: Mr. WILLIAMS,
of New Hamnpashira, ported, a bill which was laid or.
Mr. CROSS, of Arkansas, wished to inquire whe-
ther there had been any thing done by the Committee
on the Judiciary, in relation to referring certain cases
of court jurisdiction of the District Court of the U. S.
to the State of Arkansas.
Mr. SERGEANT answered.
From the Committee on Invalid Pensions: Mr.
CALVARY MORRIS reported bills for the relief
of John E. Wright and others; referred to the Com-
mittee of the Whole, and made the order of the day
for to-morrow, and ordered to be printed.
lions in regard to the Finances, offered by Mr. BAR.-
NA RD, and laid over from Monday, h inmst co.
MN r. B A RN A R D proposcdL to postpone i he cunside-I
ration until tTui.,lay next, which was agrc, .1 to.
Mr. CRABB ofirqed the Iollowing resolution:
Re.,lvv j, Thait the Commilute,, on the Juictary t11
irn.-tructeil to. inquire and rrp..ri whether it te legal Ibr
thejutinc.s of tlhe Supremine Court of the United States
to r.,tde out ol'f the limits of ihe circuit to which they
are respetuvely assigned, and It'll is leaal so to reside,
to inquire Li.j the expediency of prohihbiing t\ eta-
lute, such residence; which was carried.
Mr CURTIS, of New York, 'frnm ihe Cnmmnttee
on Commerce, reported a bill to grant a register to
the schooner Amistead, and moved a suspension of
the roles for the passage of the bill.
Mr. PICKENS objected to it.
The motion on Ihe third reading and passage of the
bill was carried.
Messrs. C. H. WILLIAMS and TOLAND pre-
Mr. MONTGOMERY offered a resolution .hreci.
ing the S,-cretary of the Treasury to communicate to
the House the amount of public lands belonging to
the United States, when purchased, and under whose
NI r Gi RA VES made some remarks on the resolu-
The resolution was laid over one day under the
Mr. CALVARY MORRIS offered a resolution:
that the Committee on the Judiciary be instructed to
inquire into the expediency of abolishing imprison-
ment for debt in the District of Columbia. Laid over
under the rules. '
Mr. TURNEY offered a bill, to which objection
being made, it was withdrawn.
Mr. WlNTIIR,'iP offered a resolution: that the
Committee on Commerce be instructed to inquire into
the expediency of making provision for the payment
of the arrears of salaries of the custom-house officers
in Boston, which have been made in New York and
Philadelphia; which was carried.
Mr. SALTONSTALL offered the following reso-
lution relative to the Navy Pension Fund:
Re.solved, That the Secretary of the Navy be di-
rected to communicate to this House what amount of
money was received by the United States, under the
act of June 26,1812, and the act of February 13, 1813,
providing that two per cent. of the nett amount of the
prize money arising from captures made by private
armed vessels of the United States, be used as a pen-
sion fund, and set forth in said acts.
Also, to report whether the same or any and what
part thereof was invested, and if so, in what stocks or
securities, and at what prices the said investments, and
also, the sales thereof were made.
And also, to report when the said pension fund be-
came exhausted, and how much of the same, or the
proceeds 'iri-ir, tb..refrom, were paid to persons other
thanthos- i;'r wkl,,,e use the said fund was pledged by
the said act and under and by virtue of subsequent
Mr. ADAMS made some remarks on the subject
naudible to the reporter. The resolution was then
Mr. WADDY THOMPSON offered the follow-
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Navy be re-
quested to communicate to this House the proceedings
of the Naval Courts Martial for the trial of Commo-
dore Joseph Smoot, and Lieuts. Joseph Stalling and
J. C. Sharpe.
Mr. GONERNEUR KEMBLE offered the follow-
"Also, copies of the Government orders in the case
of Lieuts. Sharpe and Stallings, submitting the rea-
sons for confirming the decision of the Court Martial
in the one case, and modifying it in the other.
After some remarks by Mr. THOMPSON, the re-
solution and amendment was carried.
Mr. STANLY moved the printing of a bill of
which he had previously given notice, providing for the
payment of the fourth instalment to the States, under
the act of June, 1826. The motion was carried.
Mr. GOODE, of Ohio, presented a petition for the
relief of John J. Rhodes and others.
A bill r,pe,,Ilin, in a special case, the law prohibit-
ing the granting patents to Clerks in the Patent Of-
fice, came up for its final passage-
Mr. BRIGGS objected to it, but finally withdrew.
After some debate, by Messrs. Hopkins, Wise,
Adams, and Smith, of Maine, it was lost.
Mr. TURNEY moved to adjourn-this being the
8th of January.
Mr. STANLY said that the 8th of January was a
very good day to do something for widows and orphans.
He called for the yeas and nays, which were taken:
Yeas, 19--nays, 160; so the motion was lost.
Mr. STANLY congratulated the House, that the
I davrs ofglonr~i--fictn had gne 1w T-THe m,'>vorv that the
SELECT COMMITTEES. '( r o g ,' tr E
TMr.UNDERWOODTfrome Select C om House now go into Committee of the Whole for the
Mr. UNDERWOOD, from the Select Committee
consideration of Private business, which was carried.
to which was referred the bill and report, made at last c serat ofP SPEAKER, Mr. BRIGGS c ok
At the call of the SPEAKER, Mr. B RIGGS took
session of Congress, with regard to STEAM BOAT DIS- the Chair.
ASTERS, submitted the following report and resolution: Several private bills were disposed of,
The Select Committee to whom were referred the And, on motion of Mr. SALTONSTALL, the
petitions of John Coates, and others, relating to steam House adjourned at half-past three o'clock.
boat disasters and the means of their prevention, a rn ________
likewise the report and bills submitted to the House t V FLORIDA NEWS.
the last session by the Select Committee to whom ih. Office of tha News,
petition of Samuel Raub relative to his self-acting St. Augustine, Jan. 1, 1840.
safety valves was referred; Col. Harney passed through the Everglades, coming
Report that they have adopted the report and bills out at Cape Sable. He surprised a camp of 40 Indians,
submitted by the Select Committee during the last ses- hung ten of the warriors, and reserved one to take him
n d h t p to Sam Jones' camp. Chekika, who headed the party
sion, and herewith present the same, and recom- robbing Indian Key, was among the number. Lieut.
mend the adoption of the following resolution: Ord, of 3d Artillery, in attempting to dislodge 7 In-
Resolved, That the bills herewith presented shall be dians from an island, lost one man, had six wounded,
considered on the day of- and made the spe- and the only one uninjured brought his men off. At a
cial order on that and each succeeding day until dispo- time when the commanding General is tampering with
sed of. outlaws and murderers, it is a bright relief to cast the
Mr. CUSHING said that at the close of the last eye upon a man who knows his duty to the country
and is not afraid to perform it.
session he sent home copies of this bill and report of Last night the market was illuminated, cannons
that committee. And the proposition to purchase fired, and music employed to add their grateful sounds
Raub's self-acting safety valve produced considerable to the admiration which this affair has produced.
i ao Te hd Late last evening, we learn the killing of Lt. Sher-
sensation amongthe mechanics. They had meetings wood, 7th Infantry, a wife of an officer, and two pri-
tor the purpose of preparing a representation on that vates near Micanopy. Also, a teamster at Pilatka.
subject, who hoped to submit the statements to the Col. Harney, we are told, went in at the Miami
committee beforetheir repot. He desired that the time and came out near Cape Sable. If so, he must have
f gone where no white man has proceeded, and disco-
ofconsideting this bill be postponed-that those gentle- vered a singular and important water communication
men might be here in order to represent their own across the South of the Peninsula.
case, and that the blank be filled to some time affording We gave the galiant Colonel our good wishes when
the ti .he went down, and are rejoiced to see them fulfilled.
them this opportunity. The party returned round the coast, leaving Cap-
Mr. UNDERWOOD said that the committee, dur- tain Davidson, who is, we are sorry to say, danger-
ing the last session, made their report with a view to eli- ously ill, at uIndian Key. Another expedition is pro-
cit from every part of the country objections that might paring. Official reports may be expected to-morrow
by the Win. Gaston.
exist to the plan they submitted. More than one-thuird FURTHER INDIAN NEWS.
of the session had now passed away, and he deemed it The following is an extract of a letter from an
necessary that some action should be had immediately officer of the Army, received in this city contain-
on this subject, in orderto prevent the many thrilling ingsome further details of intelligence from Florida.
VirFrom 60to 70 Indian Warriors have come in to
steamboat accidents. He reported the resolution, blank the different Posts, with their rifles, which they have
in its time, that the House might fill it up-appointing surrendered, thus nionil .-iin.: a willingness on their
a proper time. He was veiy glad that the gentleman part to close the vv ir I iw fact, in connection with
from Massachusetts had made these remarks. Had ithe report brought by those who have surrendered,
that many of their brethren are about to follow their
no objections that he should name the day-if any rea- example, affords a strong ground of hope that the war
sonable time. He(several members concurring) moved may be soon terminated.
that it be made the special order of the day on the 25th At Fort F.rni, 11 Warriors came in on Christ-
mas day. :It'"l a ni,- Bay, 15 Warriors came in on
January inst.the same day. Seven came to Fort King, in quest of
The motion to refer thebill to the Committee of the Gen. Armistead. They afterwards left that Post, to
Whole, and print, was then put and carried. seek him at Tanmpa Bay. At Cedar Key, 17 Warri-
The question to make it the special order on the ors surrendered) catemseleesin at No. ,Several P otherstwee(numberdar
25thJanary wascaled-not known) came in at No. 4, a Post between Cedar
25th January, was called- Keys and Fort Fanning. Among those that have
Mr. JONES objected to making it the special order surrendered, there are but two or three Mickasukies,
of the day.at this time, as there were important firan- the most indomitable of all the tribes. These Warri-
ors all came in at different Posts, within 4 days of each
cial matters coming up soon; the consideration ofother. It is supposed that the Delegation from Ar-
which might be postponed by this special order; and kansas, has contributed to produce this state of things.
in such cases of special order, often much time was Some of the Delegation are with the Commanding
occupied. He hoped that, at this time, it might not b General, and some with the enemy. They compose
thcupied. spei horedeat present a very weak tribe in the West, and are anx-
thespecial order. i,- o trengilini Ihtn e hsby Ithe .,d.]iion ,f those
Aftersome further conversation, by Messrs. UN- reniiiiinrin t'lorila. The w hier Ila.g v a rtivng at
DERWOOD and JONES, the question of making it the all he uilitary Po-.ts, whitn this information had been
special order, on the 25th January, was carried: affir- j Faunrlervd., while on a u un he l
Major Fauntlero.., while on a e,,r't on the 2t~iih uhi
mative, 99-negative, 44. reIpured], IrJdans about .-vn mike fr,.-m Tampa -
Petitions were presented by Messrs. Grinnell, and On Monday last, 24th uIL tIo baggage wagorns be.
Mallory, of Va., and Mr. Parmenter. The reolun- longingto ihe Uuarteil Master's Drpartnenit, were
temporarily seized by three Indians near Pilatka; one
0f ithe teamsters having been killed.
Th.e above news i. confirmed by private letters -
A po..t.-cipl toone li'ir adds the following.-" The
Exrv,,. sys, '1 n Ilinias have als curone In at Ponta-
SATURDAY, JANUARY 9, 1841.
IN THOSE *iHINGS WHICHH AREH ESSENTIvL LEi THERE
BE iNirY-IN N:'N-ESENTiL.,, LIBERTY; AND IN Al.,
THINGS CHARITi -Aug shln
APPOINTMENTS TO OFFICE
In a recent article, under this head, we en-
deavured to iminpres. on our readers, the marked
ditlerenc_ between the conduct nouw of pronii-
nent members of the SPOILS PART,. in reference
to nominations to office bya Preiident--who I
a defeated candidate for re-elkcion-and their
course they pursued during the w inter of I".'2
'29. Upon exaniniug the Executive Journal of
the Senate for that session, we find a .ti[l strong-
er illustration of their inconsistency-of their
disregard of principle, and law, and the Con-
stitution then-and their unscrupulous partizan-
ship, than was given even by the discreditable
pro,- edings on the nomination of Mr. CRITTEN-
DEN to a seat on the Bench of the Supreme
Court, to which we have already referred. We
discover that, not content with anticipating
their power and patronage by three months, they
po-itielpy, and in terms, denied to PRESIDENT
ADAMS the very right to nominate and appoint,
which PRESIDENT VAN BUnEN, after an over-
whelming and unprecedented condemnation by
the People, is exercising every day, with their
sanction and concurrence!
During the debate on Mr. Crittenden's nomi.
nation, Mr. Chambers, then a Senator from
Maryland, offered a resolution declaring that the
power of the President to nominate and appoint
was intended to be exercised by him during the
whole period for which he should be elected, for
all such vacancies as should occur during that
period, and that the duty of the Senate to con-
firm or reject the nominations of the President,
was as imperative as his duty to nominate.-
The practice of the Executive and the Senate
had previously accorded, as all men acquainted
with the history of the Government well know,
with these views. The present partisans of
Mr. Van Buren-(and, no doubt, by his instiga-
tion, or at least, most certainly, in perfect com-
pliance with his wishes)-rejected the doctrine
expressed in the resolution of Mr. Chambers,
and repudiated the uniform practice of the Go-
vernment which conformed to, and was based
upon, that doctrine. They determined,|by their
recorded votes, that it was expedient and proper
to alter the settled practice; and they deemed
it not expedient to act upon nominations of the
President, made three months previous to the
expiration of his term.
Must not these gentlemen now have a consi-
derable share of assurance-must not their fore-
heads be pretty well bronzed by frequent politi-
cal tergiversation-to seek to take advantage of
the doctrines which they lately condemned and
repelled, and even go farther and, by appoint-
ments from and after the period to which they
are allowed by the Constitution to hold on,
though condemned by the people, endeavor to
perpetuate their power and patronage !
We have the satisfaction of knowing that our
suggestion that all persons who succeed in ob-
taining office from President Van Buren, by col-
lusion and the trick of resignation on the part of
obnoxious incumbents, or by appointments from
and after the fourth of March next, ought to be
among the first to be furnished by the cuonini1
Administration, with walking papers, meets
with the general concurrence of the friends of
General HARRISON here; and has been cordi-
ally responded to by several of the independent
presses of the country. The subject has been
publicly referred to, also, in the Senate. Mr.
CLAY, of Kentucky, a few days ago, while re-
monstrating against the course of the party now
in power in undertaking at the close of a con-
demned Administration, to establish new systems
of policy, reminded the partisans of Mr. Van
Buren now in the Senate, and who were also
members in 1828, '29, of the course they pur-
sued. He said he would not, as they did, deny
to the President the fair use of his power and pa-
tronage. But, he added, if the Senators thought,
that by prematurely and utmnecessarily filling up
offices,-by a systematic lapping over of appoint-
ments for the next four years-General Harri-
son would be prevented from using his just con-
stitutional power they would find themselves
mistaken. That illustrious citizen and soldier
will be President, on the fourth of March, and
he will exercise the powers and discharge the
duties of President, with patriotism-with firm-
ness-with moderation-but, the spoilsmen may
be assured, in such a manner as to give no coun-
tenance or support to their pretensions.
MoNs. VATTEMARE. We have received sever-
al Canadian publications from this distinguished
French philanthropist, assuring us that he has
been cordially received in every part of Canada
he has yet visited. The Provincial Journals
are quite in raptures with both Mr. Vattemare
and M. Alexandrie, his counterfeit presentment.
The Governor General "Sydenham," has ex-
pressed his approbation of the international sys-
tem of exchanges, and admiration at the zeal
which the author manifests for its completion.
A complete set of the legislative enactmentsand
public records of the Province, has been placed
n Mr. Vattemare's charge, for exchange with
the Government of France. The Bishop of
Montreal and Sir James Stuart, and a great
number of other honorable gentlemen, have en-
gaged in the furtherance of the project-at all of
which we are very much rejoiced.
The Florida war begins to wear a more favor-
able aspect, and we trust, by the help of the dele-
gation from the tribe in Arkansas, the remnant
now in Florida may soon be induced to surren-
der and emigrate.
VIRGINIA U. S. SENATORS.
The Fredericksburg Arena of Tuesday says:-
The impression is general that the Senate will agree
to go into the election of a Senator, about the middle
of the month. Mr. RIvES will doubtless be chosen.
It is also now more than probable that the choice of
Mr. ROANE'S successor will be alse made this session.
The gentlemen spoken of, as the prominent Whig
candidates, are Judge STANARD, GOV. BsRBLRa vnd.
.f '. '' .: -'
Mlassachusetls l oth Congre;aaio8t1 eisi cr.
-No member of Congress having beqitt chosen
in this Diistrict at the late elections, a new trial
took place onr, Monday lasi, which resulted, we
are happy to learn, in the choice of Nathaniel
B. Borden, Republican, over Henry Williams,
V. B. fed, the present incumbent, by the follow-
Williams, ,. 3730
Mr. Parmenter, of Middlesex district, is the
only V. B. member in the Massachusetts dele-
gation to the next.Congre-..
Mr. Borden was a member of the lasi or 25th
Congress, and uonstituied one of those who have
been called Cun.serralit.er.
Tue-day being the day fixed by the Constitu-
lion foIbr the annual meeting ol the Legislature,
WILLIaM A. CRAB.C, (de-'ignnied as a "Harrison
Democrat,') was elected Speaker of the House
of Rr-presenlative-, on the third votmig, by 53
votes to 46. The members of the House were
then sworn in; and the House adjourned.
In the Senate, CHARLrS B. PLNRIo0E, (Harri-
sonian ) was elected Speaker by 18 votes to 11,
(une Senator absent.)
We learn from Gov. Porter's message that the
banks of Pennsylvania are about to resume pay-
ment '--that ihe deficiency in the fund lor paying
intereston the State debt due on li February,
is 5S0t,Or--thai -taxation ought to be endured
-that the public faith and national honor ought
to be maintained-the resources of the Stateare
abundant but not immediately available for pay-
ing the public debi,-which, including the sum
deposited by the U. S. Government, amounts to
$.36,79'1,775 69. The public propertyis valued
at $36,498,370 96. The Governor thinks it time
for the State to pause in her career of internal
improvement for the present,though he is friend-
ly to the system-he thinklis suspension of specie
payment by the banks ought to be made ipso
facto a forfeiture of charter-the G.olohical sur-
vey is going forward-a connection of the state's
improvements with those of New York, where-
ver advantageous, is recommended.
THE NEW TENNESSEE SENATOR.
The Nashville Whig, roticiiing the appointment by
Gov. Polk of Mr. A. 0. Nicholson, as a'senator to
Congress from Tennessee, says the appointment was
first tendered to Gov. William Carroll and Geo. W.
Campbell, (both of Nashville,) who declined it.
MAINE.-According to the official account, the vote
at the late Congressional election in Oxford District
was as follows:-Long, (W:.) 3,687, Littlefield, (L.
F.) 4,399, Scattering, 732. The 18th inst is appoint-
ed for another trial.
The Lowell Offering, is the title of a publication
containing original articles on various subjects write
by "factory operatives." The two numbers before us
are wholly written by females employed in I lie mills,
and in good truth, they disprove the charges of "igno-
rance and depravity" which have been freely made a-
gainst factory life. There is a spirit of contentment,
benevolence, and intelligence running through the
work, such as is not always found in publications of
more ambitious pretensions. The whole affair is a
very commendable one, and lho'ws that the I'aclory
girls think, and think well, about other mailers beside
spidning-jinnies and power-looms k A. Watson, Low
THE NEW YORK MiRROR.-We hrave the first num-
ber of the nineteenth volume ,.r thl,?. elegant periodi-
cal. The embellishment are a superb steel engraving
of the "Fall of Carthage," and a spirited aketchon
wood of "St. Nicholas in lis New Year's Eve Ex-
cursion." The literary matter is of the first order. Wa
fiave a story by Paulding--a sketch by Fay, and con-
tributions by several other of -ur most popular writers.
The Mirror continues under the editorial control of
George P. Morris, Esq. and is creditable alike to its
conductor, and the periodical literature of the coun-
1:5We are requested to call attention to the fact
that the Fair held by the ladies of the 4th Presbyterian:
church in the room over the Museum for the purpose
of completing a room for the accommodation of a fe-
male free school, will close to-night.
The editor of the Lexington Observer and Report-
er has been fined $98 for an assault upon the senior
editor of the Lexington Intelligencer.
Galignari'i Meesengcr, published at Paris, Prance,
contains an able vindication of the people oflthe U. S.
from the charge of bribery and corruption preferred
against them by ^the Globe and kindred journals, and
circulated :hi.,ugh Europe. Gov. Cassis the reputed
GENERAL H ,Ris,'riJ I1 still at North Bend.-He
has been detained veversl lays ly the indisposition or
Mrs. H>sR,|,s, but we are happy in beng inbeto
state that she es ,oniles-.rini, ur,d he will probably he
in the city to day We hase rul y.t learned when ho
will start for tihe Ea.,t, bul ne pr-eBune about the 15th
or 20th of this month.-GCim. Republiemn. Jan. 4.
Il'The Annual Meeting of the "Washington
City Orphan Asylum, 'will bie held at the Rev. Dr.
Laurie's Church in F. Street, on Tuesday next, 12th.
inst., at half-past 11 o'clock.
The public are respectfully invited to attend.
Mr. EtiroR W,\ill you be kind enough to inform
*lih public ,vheiln, r the tumors riif in thi city, to the
efl't,' that the Harrisn Inauguration Ball," adver-
tised in this morning's InteIligericer is a mere sp,'iula-
tion, are true or not 1 I in turrenily slated that the
svtck ul' the d.l.d TIhiatre" being 'alueless in the
present ruri lion of ihat concern, It ha. been re-
a.l iCd 1t -i.irthe uppFiriunity which will he presented
t, tihe lirge convennion of lpe,, l. ihal will probably be
tiers en ihbp fourth 01f March. to iransmognivy that an-
cenri tUlu.Jin., into a niew anjl plendid assembly room,
n,,ak ing rh.-c \he pat their l i ibr a dance, foot the
tulsl ,us la, ing a l x on ihe vtrrngtri asseimbled here
to turn biad pice of private properly into a very
splendid and valuable on, If Ithne rumors are true,
can any terms bc eniployed lu chatacterize the tranae.-
ion1 ? ENQUIFIIR.
Washington, Jan. 8.
NOTE BY THE EDITOR.
We are unable to answer the inquiries of our cor-
trespondent, having received no authentic information
on the siilje.r pro orlcon. The names of sevea of
the honorable gtnilempn-tlhey are all honorable men-
Uon ih liti 0of manager. preclude the supposition that
they are or can be t.r iy to any such intentrinn. We
trust our correspondent's inquiries arise from no jea-
lousy o1 i her furune of any of those who are destined
to figure Ati the ball He should recullect the motto
fitaiorm ,nnrtnial-which being interpreted signiieth
that fate has inveneird balls for those who can figure
to where else-a very large quantity of brains nol be-
itg esscnial to gratify one whose ambition lies that
vray. A Napoleon could marshall nations-a Demos-
tienes could electrily tlteni wth his eloquence-a
Milton inoe them with hispoetry-but neither of them
tould fill the spheres ol' a Nash, a Brummel, or a
Tr'Orsay What though Scipio, end Hannibal, and
Marlborough were h-haven. yet Adrian, the emperor,
and Tirenne had whiskers, therefore envy not
-- Those ambitious things that ape
Goats in their visage, women in their shape.
C ATS "'AMILY LIBRARY-Just pub-
lisbe':tli* day received, four salt by F. TAY-
LOR. Mio'y'lueen of ScoLta, a Journal of hcr 20
yearn Captivity, Trial, and Execution, from Slate Pa-
pers and Contemporary Letters and Documents by W.
Jo0. Walter, auihoit othe Lile and TimesoftSir Tho-
mas Moore-in two volumes, illustrated with an en-
graved Portrait, frnm an original painting of Mary,
now in the Royal Collection in Paris, and with two
autograph Letierp, one written in her sixteenth the
other in her thirty-sixth year. nov '.
HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OFP THE
MISSISSIPPI VALLEY, by Timrt.hy Flint,
to which is added the Physical Geography of the At-
lantic States, and of the whole Continent. Second
edition, in one large octavo volume
A lew copies ofthis valuable work are this day re-
ceived fbr sale by F. TAYLOR. Price !2 75, pub.
listed at 4 dollaia. nov %w
LADY BULWIER'S NEW WORK-The
Bwoget of the Bubble Family, by Lady Ltilon
Bulwer, -2v,. ""
Sam Slick on his Journey, or the Savinz; and D-..
ing of Sam Slick the Clock Maker, thirdiseriei.
Humphrey's Clock, No. 14.
Are efpecied ihis day, and will be for sale 'by F.
TAYLOR. or l;r circulation arnon.r the Bubscr,i'r,
to the Waverly Circulating Library. n,-v '2i)
SMITH'S CiOMPARATIVE HISTORY, be-
ing the contemporary History of the Natioins of
AntiquilyV, with observations on Chronologrial Eras-
by Joshua Toulmin Smith, auihtr of Smth'. prog
res ol' Philos.,ph\ among the Ancients," I %ol, price
6 cents. Jusi received, tor sale by
nov20 F. TAYLOR.
L EMPRIERES' CLASSICAL DICTIONARY,
Cheap -1 volume l9mto. full bound in leather,
containing 432 closely printed pages; price 82 cents.
dec I F. TAYLOR.
HE STATESMAN. t1, John II.lnits, ofMe.,
tnr Prrn.-iIf-s of Letislation and Law, 1 volume
occtavo t. |juSt piJlishej and this day received, for sale
by F. TA\ LOR. dec 1
A STOR HOUSE, New Yotk.-The undersigned
respectf.ully announce that the price, at the La-
dies' Oramar, for each person, will be $2 per day.
Gerntlemen's OrJinary 2 do.
Children under 12)',ars, and servants 1 do.
Parlors, a ith private table, for each
person 3 do.
And for the Parlor used by the party 3 extra.
The subscribers are ready to make arrangements
with I rajdles, for ihe eiritpr, on reaonable terms.
Sirngl gratlemfn accornmod.teld w]th gcxi rooms
by theyear, or for the winter sca.on, at fair rates.
The nubcribeis have b.-en informed that Hack
Drivers h.a,e reported 'the Astor House full," wh, n
it was not true There reports have been made so
*equently as to induweus now to refer to them.
We aclnowl.edge with 'ratilude the liberal patron-
age bi'oweled, and promise tvopay unremitta-d attention
lo omr patrons
BOYDEN, COLEMAN, & STETSON.
EMOVAL.-J. V. N. THROOP respectfully
R informs his friends and the public i.-r,,.rlh. that
he has removed his engraving off'ie t,:.'Min- .uri ave-
nue, between 41-2 an T ith otreets, oneminute's walk
from his old stand, where orders for engriavinrg and
copper plate piiraing, %ill be thandfully received and
punctually aitended to
N B Orders left at the watch-making shop of Mr.
D. FISTra will be attended to. aug 23-tf
ACAULEY'S MISCELLANIES, in ,ols.,
M containing the articles I chieflyv historical) which
have most attracted attention ,-f those originally ap-
pearng in the EdinLur r Retiire-v. since 1825; being
the prductons "f T Ba.;rinaotn NMacaimley, SereLar
at Waar anl memniber of Parliminent 1t'r Edinhurg ,pro-
ductionswhi.:-h hove been universally admired il.:th in
England and Anit-erica during the law ritteen vearc for
their vid eloquence, exiersin learning., and rleiidor
of'illutralion 2 "'luoes hjnemlt prinLe.l
An additional supply) this day recinil, I:jr sale by
F. TAYLOR. sept 18
E NGLISH BOtOKS- -Jut ,.--,eivr-d, for sale r.y
Gullivei'a Travels, I octavo volume,'embellished
-with more than four hunildred beautiful engraved illus-
trations from designs by Gtann ille
Charles Lambs Works complete in I volume8vo.
., illustrated edition of' La MNlarne's Travels in the
uly Land ; many engraridog9s.
The cnmplter works nlLaN Marline In French,allin
one lorge 5io volume, Bruscel's edition.
Mliscellanies of Literature, by D'Israeli, 1 vol. 8vo.
Hoks'- l-l'itorv <'t Rorter, 3 velos 8vo.
Oxford Bible's with very beautiful steel engravingsi
The complete works of Beaumont and Fletcher, in
2 octavo vols
The Dramatic Works f NlMassinger and Ford, com-
plete in I octavo vol
All the Dramatic Works uf Ben Johnson, complete
in one volume oclavi.
The Ladies' Flower Garden, by Mrs. Loudon, one
vol quarto, filled with splendidly colored groups of
Anad many olliers, of which the list will be contin-
ued in a subsequent adverti-ement. sept 15
E"NGLISH BOOKS -Baonn's Essays, and Wis-
dom of the Ancients, I vol.
Horne Tooke'q Diversions of Parley, new edition,
London, 1840, complete in 1 vol.
Fuller's Holy and Profane State, 1 vol., London,
Chaucet's Canterbury Tales, 2 vols.
Enfield's History of Philosophy from the Earliest
Periods-new edition, complete in 1 vol. octavo.
Bourrienne's Napoleon-4 vols
Essays and Sele.tions, Iby Basml Montagu, 1 vol.
MNlilman's C.mplte Pueiical Vrorks-3 vols.
Lamartine's ,Wo,:,ik" in French, complete in 1 octavo
Sketches of Popular Tumults, illustrative of the
Evils of Popular lgnorance-I vol.
The complete Wo:rks of Charles Lamb it) 1 octavo
Histoity and Antiquities of the Dorcans, by Muller,
Percy's Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, the
whole work c.,niplete in I vol.
Painting and the Fine Arts, by William Haslitt,
B. R. HavYlfn, 1 vol.
And many others, just received for sale by,
ISS LESLIE'S BIRTHDAY STORIES,"
for the young.-The Children's Fireside Book,
translated from the French of Berquin, author of the
"Children's Friend." with enrai trgs
The Children' r.'ompanoron, with engravings, by
the same author.
The Juvenile Forget Me Not, a Christmas and
Birthday Souvenir, for 1841.
The Fairy Gift, a collection of New Jersey tales,
with two hundred enotgrvirngs
Friendhip,'s OtTering, a new Souvenir, for 1841,
beauliffully illustrated, and richly bound; and many
others oft'lhe same character.
lJut received and for sale at the lowest prices by
oct20 P. TAYLOR.
M" ARINER S LIBRARY, c.ne .wirvo me.lure uof
4. 1 2 T.aCe., I'Ull bouTid. wiLII ,,i.uiv -iigraimig ,
price F17 ,.cnt.s I published at ft 501 c..nitaininm narr'.
tivesof remarkable voyages, shipwrerks, adventures
at sea, ihe whale fiaheryv. Skliet'he.o, &:. arc.
Just received, fio sale lby
oct16 F. TAYLOR.
THE PIC('TO(IRIAL BIBLE, being the Old and
New Teslaments, a'.eording to the utlih,,riz,d
version, illuIratied with many hundred ,,oo..l utiL re-
presenting the historical events, after celebrat-. pic.
lure., Ihe landr:ape scenes, from original drawings,
or from auihenti, entiavtings., and subjects of cos-
tu",e an? antiquitie rrom the best scenes, to which
are added Original Notes, chiefly explanairy of 'ihe
engravings and of su.'h passages conne'trd wvith the
himlory, geography, natural history, and antitutwiesof
the S.,cred Scriptures, as rcqurebservatian.eomplkic
in three beautiful volurnes, lately inported i'roLo
don and for sale by F. TAYLOR. ocl t2
M R. F C. LABBE has the honor toinforin tIe
M Ladies and Gentlenn 1a Washington aril
Geor._etown thal his Darccing Academy wilt re-.opn
on Tuesday. Ociob-r ti, at I-f dwelling houie, an
Pennsylrania Avenue, ipposne Fuller's Hitotel andl it
Georgetuivvi at the Union H,,rl, (whirr- .aubscr-
tion paper sin now ,perm) as soon asa uft'ci. ni nUtiuit-r
of subscribers shall be obtained
Hours of tuilion Ifor Ladies. I'romn 3 o 5, for Mlis-
ters, from 5 Lto& anil tIr Gntilemen, I'frorri 7 t) '.
N. B Boarding schools and seminadrits %ill be Lt
tended, if required, al both places sept li-2avw5w
ORD BACON'S WORKS complete in 2 large
L volumes, a beautiful London edition, with aptc.
trait. A few copiesjust imported by F. TAYLOR ;
price 12 dollars, a lower price tharn, it has heretofore
been sold for in Ihe United States. sept 15
TO THE BALD-HEADED AND OTHERS. POLITICAL ELOQUENCE AND POLTTI
-Does any one know a neighbor or a friend who ._ CAL ECONOMY -Speeches of the Righ
has been bald, and wh;ze head Is nowl covered with Hon. George Canning, in I octavo volume of 5m3
fine hair ? One whse coal collar was covered with pages, containing also his life and copious extracts
dandruff, though b-ruihFd every hour-which has now from his writings; price "' I
vanished entlirely v Or en'- whose hairs at early ap- Speeches of the Right Hun William Huskisson,
were turnirtin grey, who now has not a grey hair 1 and the Right Hon. Mfr. Wyndham, with the life of I
Children whiae heads were covered wilh scur.whose each. The two contained in I volume octavo 616 i
hair would n..t grow, that ate now growing the full- pages; rice S 1,50, published at S3,50.
est crops ofhair ? Someesea mu.t be known to niost Speeches of Philips, Curran, Grattan and Emmet,
persons. Ask then the cause, an.? vou will be told, in I volume oclavo; price 8,"25.
these things; have bep n dyne by the use oflhe BALM American Oratorio, or Selections from the Speeches
OF COLUMBIA. I if20'yesre rr:,th ia this ari" of'ditinuiashed Americans; I volume of 531 octavo
cle, ils demrandl increasing annually somte hurnredJ p pages, handsomely bound, price Sl,25, published
cent.-tIhough when diJsi. cverel not uppased by any at 2,501)
thing iaor the came purpose, now assailedL ,y almost The mosi Cckbrated Speeches of Chatham, Burke,
nmberless mu n hr.on i traish preparatioosilhat u'ill runm and Erskiner ,. I octavo v...lume? of 54 ) pages, hand-
the hair ifuii. I. any exirint C.in mniore than these soirelv bound; forir f1,25, [ublisalhpd at l13
facts be wanted-refer to the recommendations b a An'dl marv ,u.,thers of the sameclass, for sale at the
list of riasni-. fresialabiliiyV, urn-qualld'J ,v any olther same low range of prices, hy F. TAYLOR.
orticle. Look to tlh-se thingi--bu\ tins article Stay June 13.
andkpcervw c your hartn by its ue, or if'hald ieot,.re it
Ladies, attend to this-hundJr,-,l. irn a Ishi,:ral.ble lil'e HEAP THEO'LOGICAL BOOKS--For sale
art using itl as he ,-.nly article really I II-'.r th, oilLet. .C bv F TAYLOR.
Lon. h.air is very apt t,-. If11 ..ut La.li,s, u-,- the Homrne' Inirr,,ljctin new and haiindome edition,
Bal f o'Columbia in < 10to say,: yourselves the dis- I'-h', very har,,lh.iiely bouni, 5 dollars
grace of bLlarss b., nrglect of yurpersons. Burder's Pious Women, n ew and enlarged edition,
It i_ siur duty. a, inoralh-ts t1 preserve the beau- octavo, lull hiunl conipiltle for $1 25.
ties cfi natur,-, i;th whi. ,h a b.,untiful Creator has en- Buterworth'a Concurdance, 8vo. full bound, $1 50.
dowed you-use the Balm, for itwill do it. lern,'s R.'Tflectiuvrs, complete in one volume 8vo.
CAUTION TO BE REMEMBERED. full r,.. of D5 inity, ,. a 1 75.
War 4.r.', Rd'sof Divinity, Rc. -,C) pages, P1 l 75.
Several must fIlagrait attempts have been made to B,ckFr-iith' t-larimauny of the Gosrls, 50 ee-t-', 1
counterfeit I,,, 'rue Balm of Columbia. Some of the vo. of421) r.r'es biiund.
impostors havr- g-n so far as to counterfeit the splen- Hawkes' Astory of the Prot. Episcopal Church in
did era|.pt-rs, and the Fall 'f Niagara, and ever,; cx- Maryland, 1 octavo volume, $1 75.
eternal irark except the nanw ..fCl'om;ui:,Lk,whi,-h they And many others at the same low average of price.
dare not forve. sept 15
To avoid impositi:ns therfhure, always look for the sp
nameofComstock & Co. or L. S. Comstock, and ne- rpHE YOUNG PRIMA DONNA, a new novel,
ver buy the article unless it has that name upon it. by Mrs. Grey, author of The Duke."
Sold wholesale and retail, only at No. 2 Fletcher Humphrey's Clock, number 12.
street, N. Y. And the continuation (in two volumes) of Jesse's
From the Boston Chronicle of Jan. 10. Court of England, under the Stuarts and the Protec-
We see by an advertisement -n antr,.lh r,-,.lunn that torate, are this day received,for salebyF. TAYLOR,
Messrs. Comstock & Co., the Ag, ni, t I;.r Oldr.dge or for circulation from the Circulating Library. oct20
Balm of Columbia, have deputi(, i. sell that aritlr. ii C ONFESSIONS OF HARRY LORREQUER,
Boston and elsewhere. We know a lady of this city in one volume, with many engravings.
whose hair v as .. nearly gone as to expose entirely of "Ten T an a Year."
her phi. n .:.ge evlogicents which, contidelyn Also, second volume of "Ten Thioussan a Year."
r phi. nlgia] developments, which, considering Numbers 3 and 4 of "Charles O'Mallers, the Irish
that the) betokened a most amiable disposition, was Dragoon," with engravings, are this day received, for
not in reality very unfortunate. Nevertheless she saleby F. TAYLOR, or for circulation among the
mourned theloss of locks thatshe had worn, and,after subscribers to the Waverley Circulatim Library.
a year's fruitless resort to miscalled restoratives, pur- c t 1 6
F oct 16
chased, sonie nn.lh.I ago, a bottle or two ofOldridge's
Balia, anrji she hiis now ringlets in rich profusion, )OCtAHO.NTAS a Legend, by Mrs. M. M
glossy, and of raven blackness. We are not paffing ._ Webster, juct r.'ived L.y F. TAYLOR,
-none of the :onnm.-.dity has been sent to us, and, in- oct. 20 Immediately east of Gadsby's.
'deed, we do not want any, for though we wereobliged
to wear a wig a year ago, we have now, through its A.MER I A N ALMANAC, 1841, just received
virtue, hair enough, and of a passable quality, of our A lby F. TAYLOR,
own. oct. 20 Immediately east of Gadsby's.
DARING FRAUD. C HANCELLOR KENT'S "COURSE OF
The Balm of Columbia has been imitated by a no- READING, drawn up at the request of the
toriouscountermeiter. Let it never be purchased or vC READnt, Library Assoiatton of N ew York. Price
used unless it have the name ofL. S. COMSTOCK, 7cens.r stp Library Association ofNes York. Price
or the signature of COMSTOCK & CO. on a splen- 3"cents. Just published and this av received for
did wrapper. This is the only external test that will sale by F. TAYLOR.
secure the public from deception. june 23.
Address COMSTOCK & CO. i L;IZOT'S EDITION tF SPARK S WASH
Wholesale Druggists, New York, 2 Fletcher st. ,JT INirTON C(-ORRESPONDEN''E.. in -1 ,.
Nlue., Patr., 1I1) ivith an, Irinr,,,lucLtn andl Es-ai
WHO WILL GO BALD. by M. Guizot, on the Influence and Character of
COLONEL SEAVER, Postmaster at Batavia, is "V...ii;rn,l.,n Just imported and for sale by
knowing to the fact, that Dr. Bingham, of Genesee NIla, 1-2 F TAYLOR.
county, aged 70, and for morethan 17 yearsvery bald,
has had his hair fully restored by the use of one bottle CHRISTIAN'S DEFENSIVE DICTIONA-
of the Balm of Columbia from COMSTOCK & CO. k_ RY, being a refutation oflth arruni nt. ,ind ob-
For saleby CHARLES STOTT, sections that have been urged a.r,,n.i tthe Paibl,. ar-
E. H. & C. H. JAMES, 'ianged and classified in alphabetical order, complete
dec 1-ly Washington City. in one volume of 347 pages; price 62 cents in neat
~~____~~________cloth binding. For sale by F. TAYLOR.
A SK T.NQTTIN IREWA ai, those ,, whoknow -Thos may 21
A SK, INQUIRE-Ask those who know.-Those
I only who know by trial or immediate observation,
can form any idea of the effects, of the perfect relief,
of the almost charm-like cures effected in cases of the
Piles, Rheumatism, all Swellings, and all external
Pains, no matter how severe, by the use of Hay's Li-
niment. Find one who has used it that will not laud
it to Tbe above all things ever used, and you will find
-what cannot be found.
For the relief of suffering human beings who may
be afflicted. I beg you to ask-ask of those who
know. Gentlemen know of cases unconquerable by
all other remedies or physicians, though tried for many
years, that have been cured by the use of the genuine
HAY'S LINIMENT. Thousands of persons know
similar cures. We appeal to their sense of justice-
It is but a duty you owe to your suffering fellow be-
ings to let this great remedy be known. Speak of it
then to all your friends. This will save much pain
where the newspapers are not read, or where readers
are incredulous, because so many worthless articles
are advertised fbr the same purpose. To buyers we
say, if all who have used it do not say it is beyond all
praise, then do not take it. The proprietor will not
allow this article to be paid for unless it cures, when
all the direetioos are fully followed. Will any r one
suffering refuse now to try it ? If he does, he 'ought
to be pitied more for his obstinacy than his suffering.
Mi. Hays would never consent to offer this article,
were he not compelled bylhis sense of moral-or reli-
gious duty-to do all in his power for the victims of
distress and misery. For this purpose he would sooner
devote a fortune, than secure a dollar for any worth-
LOOK OUT.-Some swindlers have counterfeited
this article, and put it up with various devices. Do
not be imposed upon. Orn. thin. ..nrlv will protect
you-it is the name of C'OMST)Oi.'K & CO. that
name must be always on the wrapper, or you are
cheated. Do not forget it. Take this direction with
you, and test by that, or never buy ; for it is impossible
for any other to be true or genuine.
Sill ,v COMSTOCK & CO. 2 Fletcher street,
"Caution" is the Parent of Safety.
An attack of the "Piles" .may be positively pre-
vented by using (when the prernn'it..rv ,z>mpt..in,.iar..
felt) the celebrated HAYS' LINIMEN-I 'li,,r.
are more than one hundred people in this city, and in
the United States an immense number, who have suf-
fered beyond endurance by this dreadful complaint,
who keep themselves wholly free from attacks by ap-
plying this Liniment when they feel any symptoms of
ics approach : ofthis there is the most perfect proof.
Mir None genuine without the name ofCosMSTOCK
& Co., written on the Mrappers.
FLORENCE, Ala, Sept. 28th, 1838.
A gentleman of the highest standing in this town,
who has been dreadfully afflicLed with the Blind Piles
for the last 26 years, called upon me and freely con-
fessed to me his situation. After describing the seve-
rity of the complaint, he remarked thathe had not been
so well for 20 years past as he was at that moment.
He had used one bottle only of Hay's Liniment. To
use his own words, he said "the whole human family,
who were thus afflicted, ought to be made acquainted
with this medicine." Signed,
R. L. BLISS.
Mrs. MANWARING, of Jamaica, L. I., has
been under the hands of several physicians for a year
past with an unhealable fever sore on her ankle,
and has been part of the time quite unable to walk,
and got no relief till she has now by the use of two bot-
tles of Hays' Liniment, been entirely cured. To this
fi.-t Jud,.'."' Laml-rson, and J. F. Jones, Esq. Editor
itl,.- Long i-lani Parmer, and many other citizens
oIlihal lo n will testify.
An astonishing fact!-Hays' Liniment has now
been used in some thousand cases, and no failure can
be found. It will cure every and all cases of Piles. No
charge ithoait such result.
All ntiq be spurious without the written signature
of Comatock & Co. Look carefully for this, and the
name of Slmon I 'HH .i
Sold a: N. 2 F7-i,-i.her street, N. York.
For sale by CHAS. STOTT,
C. H. & C. H. JAMES,
dec 1 Washington City.
R. COOPER'S New Novel, and Lady Bul-
wer's New Novel.
Mercedes, a Romance of the Days of Columbus, in
two volumes, by thesauthor of The Spy, Pioneers,
The Budget of the Bubble Family, in two volumes,
by Lady Bulwer.
Are just published and this day received, for sale by
F. TA Y' LUlR, or for circulation alongwith all other
new Books among the subscribers to the Waverly Cir-
Terms of the Library, $5 per annum; 3 dollars for
six months, or one dollar for a single month, dec 1
PEASE'S 'LARIFIED ESSENCE OF HORE-
HOUND CANDY, for public speakers, law-
yers., lprgymen, and all others whose voice or lungs
may be subject lo weak n is. ;, exhaustion, or disease.
The adJvertis:r, agent Ifr the patentee, has just re-
ccived l a suplp of the alive article, valuable I,r it-
medicinal properties, and highly d.eosmaienid hi bti.
physicians al the North, lbfor sale (in sealed packages
only) by F. TAYLOR, ,
oct 23 Bookseller
OVEABLE BINDERS.-For keeping, in a
hok-like form, Newspapers. Pamphlets, Let-
:r-, IMu-,', .r any other papers which should be kep.
in regular order. All the various sizrs are just received
For sale by F. TAYLOR,
Immediately east of Gadsby's.
HUMPHREY'S CLOCK, Nos 5 and 6. The
August No. of Lady's Book. The Fatalist, or
the F.irti-nes if Godolphin. 2 vole.
A system of Practical Medicine; Dissertations on
Fevers, and Diseases of the skin. Edited by Alexan-
der Tweedie, 1 vol., just received by
Immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel.
TTEBSTER'S BIBLE-The Holy Bible con-
Vtaining the Old and New Testament in the
common version, with amendmerl of hb. languaa-,.
by Noah Webster-I large octavo cualuirme, ul I bound-
price $2 25 (published at 5 dollars) just received for
s"al9y b TAYLOR.
SU LW ER'S WORK; I Godolphin,' new edition,
2 v %.1, Just received by
ITmmirnediately East ofG.aidsbv's.
Also, Crowes' li.;tory .f Fraoce, 3 small vole
Scott's History of Scotland, 2 small vols.
Lee's Geology for popular use, 1 vol. aug 23
CYCLOPEDIA OF HISTORY, being a Histo-
.J riceal. Biographical anl Geographi.-al Dictiornary,
runningfromni th earliest to tiet preeritri tinte, contain-
'n als- a complete" (a'ron,]..gy and very numerous
:llu-ir.,tie ,.-ngraiit',, small g'uarn', 700 pages, well
and handsomely bound; price orily- 2 50.
sept 15 F. TAYLOR.
THE MAN AT ARMS; or HENRY DE CE-
RONS. By Jriac-, author ..f tht Kir,.. High-
way, Richelieu, & ie-lust r published andexricted to-
day or to-morrow, i'or sale by F TAYLOR, or for
circulation from his Circulating Library. sept 15
CHOOL BOOKS, Fine Arts, &c. For salelow
3 by F. TAYLOR, immediately East of Gadsby's.
OORE'S LIFE OF BYRON.-Just published
M a new edition of The Life of Lord Byron, with
his letters and journals, by Thomas Moore.
"!' As a composition it deserves to be classed among
the best specimens of English prose which our age has
"The Letters, a' least those which were sent from
Italy, are among the best in our ;an'guh.(c. They-are
less affected than those of Pope and Wolp,,l, they
have more matter in them than those of Cowper."
And if the epistolatory style of Lord Byron was
wriit^il, it was a rare and admirable instance of that
highest art which cannot be ,liiinuiehh,:J irom na-
ture "- . ii /i,, .A. Miscellanitm, .i ''N"l
Complete in 2 octavo vols., lril..,nie Cilitun, with
portraits. Price $3 25. Just receivedby
nov. 6 F. TAYLOR.
N EW BOOKS.-Texas in 1840, or the Emi-
N grant's Guide, by an emigrant from the United
Sti. 1. 1 vol
C(.hn-irii Applied to Agriculture, by Chaptal,
Humphrey Davy, Professor Renwiek, and others,
Armstrong's Treatise on Agriculture, with notes,
by J. Buel, 1 vol.
Capt. Parry's Three Voyages towards the North
Pole, new edition, all c,.napri,-rd in '2 vols.
First Principles ot ('Chh)mrnirvy, by Professor Ren-
wick, of Columbia Cull,3-r. N Y.
Elements of Mertal Philu,,,.hy" by Professor Up-
ham, of Bowdoin College.
The Social Destiny of Man, or A'-ci;stion and
Re-organization of Industry, by Albert Brisbane, 1 vol.
Bacchus, a prize essay, on the nature, causes, effects,
and cure of intemperance, 1 vol.
This day received and for sale by
Nov 6F. TAYLOR.
S LITARY HISTORICAL LIBRARY-Now
/.L publishing in Paris, in large octave volumes,
with very numerous 'Tl,,|..rap.hical and Military
Maps and Erngra, inr. ,jeJdi ated i.. the Army an:.l
Natiionl Guard] f" 'Frini'e.
C'est la premiere fois que h'on essay de reunir
dans une meme collection lIs meilleurs ou rages qui
traiient de l'art militaire. Ce travail cEm fa't par deux
homes des lettres; et come lis ne sont etran.,rc- ni
l'un nmi I'autre ala ci, rnce des arms, its compren.aieni
tout ce que cette oitre e di Dlicile.' ExtraclIr,)m th,
Volume 1. On he Taci c- of the Greeks, (Thu-
cydides, Xenophon, Arianrms.)
'V,.lum- *2. On the Roman Armies and Soldiery,
Volume 3 will contain The Military Memoirs of
To be completail in asix volumes, thefirst and second,
of which are now received, and may be examined at
the bookstore of
o,:t 11 Agent )for the Paris Publishcre
A 11' ARRYATTS NOVrELS-Cbheap -Captain
lI MNirvait's Novels, ten in number, all cuntaira-
,l an "2 large octavo volumes, well printed aid lull
burad in leather: price .,r the whole ii2 50; pubtish-
ed originallyv at an average price of l1 5t) for each
novel. For sale by F. TAYLOR.
DYSPEPSIA -We have frequently witnessed
the ravaes of| this disease; and have heard and
read of manv remiedies, but far otitencr saw them ail
than reult in succe..s. The writer, however, of the
letter 10to the ajent of Dr. Harlich' Compo.und
Strengthe-ning and German Apenrnt Pills. has long
be(en known to us, and from an invalid, ali he is dh-eli.
nested, we know and meet him daily, as a hale, hear-
ty man Though no advoate of nostrum -l' any
kind, we cannot withhold a notice of what we con-
sider the efficau-ies aind virtues of Harlich @ Com-
pound Str-ntiheriing, and German Aperiert Pills -
The case belfi;re us is a living monurrmerit to 1,th.-
Spirit of the Times of Jan. 1.
For sale at the Bookstore of Robert Farnham,
Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington City.
C CONSUMPTION 1 CONSUMPTION! that fell
destroyer which slays its thousands and tens of
thousands annually. How shall we arrest its fatal
progress before it takes hold upon the vitals 1 I would
answer at once, take some suitable medicine to arrest
the disease at the very commencement. How very
many do we see in the world, whose delicate frames
look -car',-lv able to support even a short reign ofex-
L-t, tn,- t.ui for the timely care and proper means they
make use of, oftentimes will far outlive the most ath-
letic and robust, who neglect such timely care and
proper means as are placed within their reach, which
would unquestionably arrest if taken in proper time.
At the head of all remedies, and first in rank stands
Doctor Swayne's Compound Syrup of Wild Cherry,
which, if administered in time, and taken according
to the prescribed rules, will ninetimes out often check
its progress, and restore the patient to health.
For sale at Robt. Farnham's Bookstore, Pennsylva-
nia Avenue, Washington city.
IMPORTANT TO FEMALES.-Dr. Harlich's
S Compound Strengthening Tonic and Germen
Aperient Pills. These pills remove all those distress-
ing diseases which females are liable to be afflicted
with. They remove those morbid secretions which,
when retained, soon induce a number of diseases, and
oftentimes render females unhappy and miserable all
their lives. Those pills, used according to directions,
ian.-di.t.t h create a new and healthy action through-
out the icL.A. system bypurifying the blood, and giv-
ing strength to the stomach and owels, at the same
time relieving the pain in the side, back, and loins,
giving appetite and invigorating the system again to
its r.roptr ftinr,-iiun', and reslriin.g tranquil repose.
Ask for Dr. Harlich's Compound Strengthening
Tonic and German Aperient Pills.
Principal Office, North Eighth street, Philadelphia.
Also for sale at the Bookstore of Robert Farnham,
Pennsylvania avenue, Washington city. ap2-ly
T O THE SICK.-As many neglect their health
on account of being discouraged by the very
many deleterious nostrums which are offered as cure-
alls by Empiricks, I would recommend them to make
trial of Dr. Harlich's COMPOUND STRENGTH-
ENING. AND GERMAN APERIENT PILLS.
I have made use of them frequently myself, and
always found them to remove pain in the side, restore
the lost appetite, and relieve the disagreeable sensa-
tion ;,I)er ,,tin,:.with which I am frequently troubled.
I would recommend these pills in all cases of liver
complaint and weakness of the nervous system and
bad stomach complaints, as I am confident all who
make trial of this medicine will find it effectual.
Bath Township, Lancaster County.
For sale at 19 N. Eighth street, also at the book-
store of Robert Farnham, Pa. Avenue, Washington
City. ap 2-1y
IGHLY IMPORTANT TO THE AF-
FLICTED.-To the agent for the sale of Dr.
Harlich's Medicine. Dear Sir-Having been suffer-
ing for nearly ten years past with that most unchari-
table among the long catalogue of diseases called the
Dyspepsia, and, after resorting to numberless inef-
fectual remedies during that long age of suffering and
expense, (as the money I have expended during that
time illy comported with my circumstances in life,)
and conceiving my situation a hopeless one, I could
but compare it to the description given of a man on
his journey, falling among thieves, who after robbing
him left him to die of his wounds; for after having
my money filched from me in obtaining a number of
quack nostrums, instead ol obtaining relief, I found
they increased the malady to an alarming degree,
bordering on despair, until by accident a friend point-
ed out to me in the "Spirit of the Times" a remedy
lately brought before the public, called "Dr. Harlich's
Compound Strengthening and German Aperient Pills,'
although doubting their efficacy, but as a "derniea
resort, I was induced to give them a trial, the result
of which, after a few weeks, has been beyond my
most sanguine expectations; in truth, they have of-
fered me all the relief that could be anticipated
if,'.augh the agency of a "good Samaritan." Ever
gt, i ful tor the relief the above medicine has afforded
me, I cheerfully recommend it to aid in the cause of
suffering humanity. A resident of the county of Phi-
For sale at No. 19 North Eighth street, also at the
bookstore of Robert Farnham, Pa. Avenue, Wash-
ington City. ap 2-ly
MORE TESTIMONIALS in favor of Dr. Har-
lich's Medicines.-Mr. James Henry, Roxbo-
rough, cured by the use of the above invaluable medi-
cines-his symptoms were pain in the side and back,
loss of appetite, a severe pain in the stomach after eat-
ing, costiveness, acidity in the stomach, sick headache,
flushings of heat, night sweats, nausea, and sometimes
vomiting, could not rest at night, &c. Seeing an ad-
vertisement in the Ledger of the efficacy of Dr. Har-
lich's Medicines, I was induced to give it a trial, which
I am happy to state resulted in performing a perfect
cure. For sale at No. 19, North Eighth street, Phila-
Also for sale at Robert Farham's Bookstore, Penn-
sylvania avenue, Washington city. ap2-ly
ORTRAIT OF HENRY A. WISE, abeau-
tiful likeness, by Fenderich, just published, is
this day received, for sale by F. TAYLOR, price 75
cents, together with a large collection of striking like-
nesses of other Public Men, embracing almost all of
any eminence, taken directly from life by the same
artist. june 25
C LEANSE AND STRENGTHEN.-The only
sure and the best courses to pursue in curing dis-
eases, of whatever nature they may be, is, first, to
cleanse tho stomach and bowels by gentle aperients;
secondly, to give strength and tone to those tender
organs, by the use of proper tonics. This mode of
treating diseases as pursued by the regular physicians,
which they well know to be the only course to resort
to, to effect a speedy and permanent cure. Dr. Har-
lich's Compound Strengthening Tonic and German
Aperient Pills are a sure medicine to effect this gland
object. The German Aperient Pills are to cleanse
the stomach and intestines-after which the Com-
pound Strengthening Tonic Pills are used to give
strength and tone to those organs which require ten-
der treatment. Two-thirds nearly of the diseases of
the nervous system, and by continually using drastic
mineral purgatives, the sufferer will soon find himself
a being too much refined to remain long in existence.
Full and explicit directions, both in English and Ger-
man, accompanying this medicine. Principal Office
for the United States, No. 10 North Eighth street,
Ph;l.,i lph;a. Also, for sale at the Bookstore of Ro-
bert Farnham, Pa. Avenue. ap 2-ly
R EMEMBER Dr. Swayne's Compound Syrup of
Wild Cherry is warranted to cure recent or
chronic coughs, hoarseness, spitting of blood, raising
of phlegm, soreness of the throat and air vessels, pain
in the side, &c. Those who are thus afflicted, let not
another day pass without making a full trial of this
invaluable medicine, as it will cure all diseases for
which it is recommended. Principal Office, 19 North
Eighth street, Philadelphia. Also for sale at the
Bookstore of Robert Farnham, Pa. Avenue, Wash-
ington city. ap 2-ly
IT IS ESTIMATED by Physicians generally,
That one-fourth of the human family die annually
of Consumption. As that is the case, why then ne-
glect your colds and coughs, which are the root of
Consumption 7 Thousands and tens of thousands
could have been saved, if they could have procured a
remedy in due season. Di. Swayne's Compound
Syrup of Wild Cherry is recommended to be a mcdi-
cine that will immediately arrest this disease. A sin-
gle trial will convince many of its effects who have
given up all hopes of recovery. For sale at No. 19
North Eighth street, Philadelphia.
Also, at Robert Farnham's Bookstore, Pa. Avenue,
Washington city. ap 2-ly
M ORE PROOFS of the efficacy of Dr. Harlich's
Compound Strengthening Tonic and German
Aperient Pills. Mr. James Perot, S.'u;Ijlkili Tlirj
street, cured by the above medicine HIs s g.%niioiar
oere pain in the stomach after eatin. 1' l,,.s if p. ite,
pain in the side and breast, attended with a hacking
couqh, custiveni--s, and many other sensations not es-
asental to ientit'n He is ivillinrg to give any satis-
faction to any inquiring person of the wonderful ef-
teats of the medicine. For sale at No. 19 North
Eighth street. Also, for sale at the Bookstore of Ro-
bert Farnham, Pa. Avenue, Wiashingtoncity.
A consolidation of Buel's Culliator and the Genesee
WILhLI GAYLOD & LUTHER TUCKER, EDI1OMA
Prospecli.s '(f Vol. 8, for 104 1.
THE Cultivator was esal1lihrd tin,) improve and
elevate the Agriculture uof ihthe country to give a
proper toneto the morals and mindi o"the" fidintr; to
show him th 6ait rny hand importance this prol'eision,
tostore his miJ'nwih useful knowledge, and convince
him that while all clasac: are and must he more orless
dependent un each other hle al.rL el'ihe whole can
make any near approach I-. ind-periknct If there is
one thing :orie tIhan anthor, vhi'h an this country
gives a man superiority over his fellow men, it is
knowledge; and this knowledge,-knowledge which
is as essential to the success of the farmer as to other
men,-it is the design of the Cultivator to aid in im-
The volume for 1840, is filled entirely with original
communications, embracing articles from about 300
Correspondents, from almost every state in the Union.
If an increase of subscription beyond any precedent
in the history ,f Agriculturil Journals,-if the almost
unanimous .ce ofth i public press in our favor,-if
the multitude of private yet flattering testimonials we
have received, added to a circulation amounting the
first year to twenty-two thousand, may be admitted as
evidence, then we have certainly most abundant rea-
son to be gratified with the success which has attended
the union of the Cultivator and Genesee Farmer. No
expense has been or will be spared to render the Culti-
vator worthy ofthe patronage it has received. In the
number, variety and excellence of its Illustrations, it
is without a rival at home or abroad, the last volume
being embellished with nearly one hundred engrav-
ings, illustrating the improved breeds of Horses, Cat-
tle, Sheep, Swine, Buildings, Implements, &c., mak-
ing the Cultivator, all things considered, it is believed,
the cheapest Agricultural paper, ever published in this
or any other country.
TERMS-One Dollar per annum-Six copies for
$5--the money to be remitted in advance, free of post-
age. A commission of 20 per cent will be allowed to
Agents who obtain 25 or more subscribers, and 25 per
cent to those who obtain 100 or more. All subscrip-
tions to commence with a volume.
Postmasters and tentl,,n.'n disposed to lend their
influence to aid the .iuawe af Agraculure, are resp-ct-
fully requested to act as agents. Address
JESSE BUEL & CO.
Publishers of ths Cultivator, Albany, N. Y.
HE AMERICAN ALMANAC AND RE-
POSITORY OF USEFUL KNOWLEDGE
for 1841, (the twelfth volume of the series,) contains
its uscal amount of valuable commercial, political, sta-
tistical and scientific information. It is lately received
for sale by the subscriber, price $1, and can be sent
through the mails, at a trifling expense, to any part of
the country. A few complete sets, now scarce and
difficult to be procured, owing to the constantly in-
creasing demand for the work, may be had at the origi-
nal price, by applying to
dec 15 F. TAYLOR, Bookseller.
T O THE PUBLIC.-The proprieior of the Wash-
ington Museum, after a year s experience, finds
that with the present number of subscribers the great-
est exertions and the most rigid economy, he has been
enabled to keep the establishment open. During which
time by the kindness of many citizens, he has nearly
doubled his collection of curiosities, which is now but
little inferior to many Museums in the larger cities.
He therefore hopes that the present and many other
subscribers will contribute their assistance and thus
enable him to double his exertions; and in afewyears
this city will have as good a Museum as any in the U.
The public are respectfully requested to call and
judge for themselves.
Open from 9 A. M. till dusk every day.
N. B. A person will wait on subscribers and others
for their names.
The Hall of the Museum always in readiness for
Balls, Concerts and Fairs, &c. at the shortest notice.
dec 17 JOHN VARDEN.
GEORGIA ILLUSTRATED in a series ofviews
of Natural and Public Edifices. Published in
uarto numbers, each containing 3 large engravings.
The first number of the above is this day received by
F. TAYLOR, who will receive subscriptions for the
work-price $5 for 12 numbers, dec 19
J U VENILE BOOKS AND CHRISTMAS
PRESENTS, in great variety, for sale by F.
TAYLOR, many of them just unpacked, comprising
the best works for youth, of Miss Edgeworth, Mrs.
Hofland, Miss Leslie, Peter Parley, Mary Howitt,
and many others. Juvenile Souvenirs, Drawing
Books, Albums, Port-folios, colored Toy-books, Gola
and Silver Pencil Cases, Ladies and Gentlemens
Penknives, Illustrated Books of Travels, richly b.. rid
and embellished editions of the most esteemed aothitr
in Poetry and Prose, Pocket Books, Caid Cases, La-
dies and Gentlemen's Writing Desks, Bibles, Prayer
Books, Annuals, &c. &c. at unusually low prices.
"It only requires to be known to be certain of support."
[A general exclamation.]
ALBANY LOCK HOSPITAL.
T HE unfortunate are respectfully informed that
the Albany Lock Hospital, established and mo-
delled after the much celebrated European Lock
H,.-sia.l, has many years since been founded at Head
CA Mr.iri;rs, No. 3 Norton street, Albany, N.Y. To
those unacquainted with this institution, it is necessa-
ry to mention that it has for its object the cure of all
such diseases as syphilis, scrofula, strictures, diseases
of the urethra, lumlago, flour albus, impotency, dis-
eases of the womb, seminal weakness of both sexes,
nodes, caries of the bones, gonorrhoea, gleets, with all
venerial complaints, &c.
Persons, ignorant of the nature of Disease, are not
aware that many stages mark its progress from the
commencement to its full development, originating in
a most simple form, and through neglect or injudicious
treatment, assume a more aggravated state of disease,
and occasion abscess, ulceration, pseudo syphilis, can-
cer, premature old age, too often ending in a protract-
ed incurable state of miserable existence.
This institution is under the superintendence and
management of Professor COOKE, M. D., D. D.,
LL. D., of the city of Albany, N. Y., who will give
his personal attendance at the Dispensary, attached
to the Institution, at all hours to invalids requiring his
professional services. He having had much more
experience in this branch of medical practice than
usually falls to the lot of any one member of the pro-
fession, therefore feels such confidence of his ability
to give universal satisfaction, that he assures all appli-
cants, none need despair of a complete recovery.
The unfortunate therefore, who have suffered from
the want of success by those less experienced, are in-
vited to visit the Hospital, which only requires to be
known to be sure of support, where the most perfect
secrecy may be depended on, and the utmost privacy
will attend those who call. The whole house is ex-
clusively appropriated to the use of patients, who will
always be received into separate apartments, and at
no time, unless at the request of the patient, will a
third party be permitted to be present.
Professor Cookemhas a number of handsomely fur-
nished private chambers, at No. 33 Green street,
where he will receive gentlemen who may require
medical aid. Residing himself on the premises, he
will thereby be enabled to dedicate more ;'li., ri orlin.,r
ry attention to his patients. Gentlemen %vill lil, iIt
both convenient, as well as economical, in all cases of
disease, to retire to these furnished rooms.
The Pectoral Esence ofBoneset, universally known
as an excellent cough medicine, is prepared at this in-
stitution. Its efficacy bein decidedly superior to any
specific extant, is every where recommended in all
cases of coughs, colds, asthma, croup, hooping cough,
as well as in all complaints of the chest and lungs.
Travellers, therefore, 'iiitli.r-, f thur &ospel,e ,rtoras.
public speakers, and fuiirlit,-i,s, mi,,ull 1n, r b ithoul
their abundant supplies.
As long as Professor CoOKE desires to benefit the
public, it is proper he should continue his advertise-
ment, for the good of strangers, as it is well known,
people are extremely shy in speaking of cases of a
delicate nature, even where a physician is pre-emi-
Communications, post paid, to the address of Pro-
fessor COOKE, M. D. D. D., LL. D., Albany, N. Y.,
enclosing a bank note as a counselling fee, will have
attention-(none others will he received)-or a per-
sonal consultation may be had at all times as usual, at
the Dispensary, which is properly fitted up and ar-
ranged with separate offices for confidential inter-
1-Counselling fees and charges reasonable,
0Ofli,. No. 3 Norton street-House No. 33 Green
street, Albany. mar 3 tf
SECOND NO. of Master Humphrey's Clock, by
Boz, just received, for sale by F. TAYLOR, ii,
mediately East of Gadsby's Hotel. may 19
T'I ARRIAGE, a Novel, an,] The Inhernianre. a
i Novel, by MIiss Ferriar, author ol Destiny"-
:he two contained in ori o.et.ivo volume. Price for
the whole one dollar. The same bo-ks having, sold
heretofore at two dollars for one, and one dollar fifty
for the other. For sale by
DEMOCRATIC ALMANAC FOR 1840, giving
(Ingether wtth ouch other useful mattiler) the ma-
j-rnies in every roitny in the United State-s at the
la-t election--2 cents.
Gouge's History .'if Parer nMoney and Banking in
the United States- 25 cenla.
Gouge's Inquiry into thi exrpediency of dispensing
with hank ag.ni-y and bank paper in the fiscalcorncerns
ol the Unitmled Stat, -3-5cents.
Hollanid's Life and Pohlitiel Opinions ofl Martin
Van Buien i editi.,,r of 13'i) one dollar.
Condy Ragui-'s Tre-atie on Cunency and Bank-
ing, ner and imuprried edition, at the ietluced police of
Raguet a "Free Trade Advocate," 2 vols.
Ragilet's "Examiner,"I vol.
For sale bv F. TAYL.OR.
*.' Subscrtiptiora taken to the Demcrr.cratic Review
(monthly. fie ,Jollars pe-r annum.ni' and to Bronson's
' EBost.:.n Quarit.-rl Rc ii v," three d..Ilars Ier an-
num.) june 11.
T AWS OF THE UNITED STATES, corn-
J plete in nine volumes, (the ninth just published
by order of Congress) are for sale low- a single copy
only for sale by F. TAYLOR.
CHILLER'S WORKS, in German, complete in
02 large ..ctaeiu volu ie
The r-..iiplet e%,iks ,,t" Lamanrine (prose and poeti-
cal) in Frernch All inr one large volume, Brussels
edition, with many etnravin. g
Chanson's de Brangt r, in four pocket volumes.
Gil Blas (in onme volume o.tavna) Orne de 600 Vig-.
nettes par G,,ou x Pn'er S5 501
Don Quixote, in Frin-h, V'tiardot's translation; 2
vols. octavo, .nntjmnrun- on. thousand vignettes and
beautiful engrav ,nga, t I I
And man', ol'her French books, JustT tinpickeal by
*t* Books imported to order from London and
Paris. june 23.
NEW UNIVERSAL GAZETTEER.-Jus
published (1840) and thft day received, giving
a complete and full account, and general history and
description of the nations, countries, cities, seas, rivers
lakes, canals, mountains, volcanoes, &c. in the know
world, nihii the government, manners and customs
and relilgnio, nalural history and production-, trades
manufactures, curiosities, statistics, &c of ea,-.h, illus
treated with very numerous (nsravings., &c., a Die
tionary of Commerce. The whole remodelled, and the
historical and statistical department br.:,ual, d.Ivwr, I
the present time; complete in one oia'o ,vol of it.i
pages-for sale by F. TAYLOR.
june 18 '
RS. HEMANS'S WORKS COMPLETE-
A new and beautiful edition, printed on fine
paper, with a portrait of the authoress, of the com-
plete Works of Mrs. Hemans, with a Memoir by her
sister, and an Essay on her Getnua, by MNrs Sigsir-
ney, in 7 royal 12mo volumes, handlsaaIely bounr in
embossed cloth or in extra binding.
Also, just published, the complete works of Lord
Byron, published in a style similar to the above, in
eight beautiful volumes, large type.
Also, Memoirs and Letters of Madame Malibran,
by the Countess De Merlin, 2 vols.
This is the only complete edition of the Works o
Mrs. Hemans, and contains many new poems, toge-
ther with other matter not embraced in any other .
tion of her works. Among the new poems willI
found De Chartillion, a trag.,lv. A TaL.- of the Seer
Tribunals; Superstition an.d Revelati:.n, A Tale or
the Fourteenth Century; Scenes and Ps.saa,-s from
Goethe; Selections from Juvenile Poc--io; tiEngland
and Spain, and Wallace's Invocation to Bruce. Just
published, and for sale by
ap 24 F TAYLOR.
Va LIVER COMPLAINT -This ldsea e only
terminates in another of a more serious nature, if"
roper remedies are not reeoraed io in time. In all
forms of this disease, Doctor H. iLii i:t's Compound
Strengthening and German Aperient Pill0 will per-
form a perfect cure-first by Iclean.-in g the stomach
and bw ilv, thus r,:nil.ing ,all ,tisi-ase'f ronm the liver
by the us- .f the Gcirman'Apriant Pills aller which
the Coip1..und Sirergth.nring Pills are taken Io gi>
,trarq,'th and tone h0 lo-,S.' tender organs wvhi.h re-
q.nire iuch treatment only to effect a permanent cure
These pills are nearly put up in small psickages, with
Fur sale at No It" Nunh Eighth street, Philadel-
phia. anti at the hoo.kstore if Robert Farnham, Penn-
s lv'ania Avenue. may 9
B ROO-IKS UNIVERSAL GAZETTEER,-
Cliehp Lost fditi.,n. P40, large ociavo. 830
aloseIly, priatel pages. ilh lto hundred engravings,
r.,naminmng asla a s.ounimr.ial Dictionary and much
other useful an.l -v.lua.,le matter nout usually contained
in works of this a lais hanideoxl printed, one large
,illume in full leather binding, For sale by F TAI -
LOR, for ,-2 75, (published at S5.) nov 6
UMNIPHREY'S CLOCK, No. 10) and 11. No.
2 if(Charles O'MNalley, the Irish Dragoon
Ten Thousand a Year, in 2 volse.
Howard Pinckney, a novel, by the author of" Clin-
ton Bradshaw," &c.
Just rerci'ed, for 4ale by
LlERT GALLATIN ON THE NORTH
EASTERN BOUNDARY-Now on the way
frorra NcA Y.rk and expected tao-day.
F TAYLOR in onie volume aeriavo, tbh an ap-
plenJi and e]i.ht maps The Right o'f the United
States to the TeriLtF'rVy el.inm-d b thei-n, principally
extracrl-d from theial iernienil laid before the King of
the Nethirlanrls and revised I'v A i'rrt Gr'llatin "
A Is', '" The School ,r PIolhtiar isc, :.r Non-com-
mittal," a comedy in five acts, translated from ihe
French of Scribe. nov *24
CHARTISM, by Thomas (,CarlIf -" It never
S smokes but there is fire."- Old Pur, rb.
Just published, and this day r.cei'ed, fir sale by
Also, Carlyle's Life of Schiller, with an examina-
tion and extracts of his works, 1 vol.; G-ethe' i novel
of Wilhelm Meister, translated by Carl)I.', Car lyle'-
French Revolution, a history, in 3 volumes.
Will be received in a day or two" Miscellanies," in
4 volumes, and" Sartor Resartus," in 1 volume by
the same author, nov 4
-Ur -A ALL'S ORNITHOLOGY OF THE U.
N S. AND OF CANADA.
Land Birds, in ,ne n.y el ..,f 830 ag-.s
Water Birds, in ane :aium: ,of t'.0 pa'es., by Tho.
Nutall, A. M.; F. L. S.
Eaton's North American Botany, comnpriinm the
native and common cultivated Plants, north ,f Mexi-
co, genera art-iited aicorditng to the ,artlicil and na.
tural methods, E",,lish te.Jiit, 1840; ,vith additions
by Professor Wright
The Complete Grazier, or Farmers' and Cattle
Breeders, and Dealers' Assistant. 1 volume octavo,
London. Just received, for sale by
nov 24 F. TAYLOR.
CHEAP BOOTS AND SHOES.
HE utbseriber r-spertfully inl',rnir his I'riernds an.)
the fuili,' g(rnera'lv. that ihe has ju, received a
;'reuh ulpily of Ladie- Walkmin Shoes and ShTpers
SAIi.t, a i'w ca.,J ,rlerl,'man A trine Drers Bot-.
An,, a fi w ca-s ._t-ntimirs i' Harrisn Boots,
which he ivill sell chasu ir -ash
A few doors west of Mr Jaohn Waters', and
nearly opposite R. Farnhain's Siati.-nery Store.
R EMOVAL.-Mr. and Mrs. Sa.TiNsEL,' have
relonvied to thie house of Mrs. Gassaway, comer
oi" Pennsylvania Avenu and,] 10th ireel, where a
iiiuriint class i-r Ladli', and rrw evening ,-lasaei for
Gr aleiaen art now ilrnming ifor tIhe luy ofl'lhe French
and Spaniah linguagr-. InAiructittn given to the
forniFr also in the It.alian anl Latin languages, and in
the English 'ranches, Pennianship, andi Music ora the
Piano or Guitar Private l.-ssons given at the dwel-
lings of puFil il di sired Tranldationq made with
exiatneas and lespah'h
0;i 6--'i _;____
C CURRENCY AND BANKING, BY CONDY
./ RAGUET -Newoand improve-d edition, at a re-
duced price, is Ui puhblishild and this day received, for
sale lv F. TAYLOR, who has for sale a collection of
the bcs t wsks an Currency and Finance. an.l all
athlei branrhes i'f Politi'al Eronimvy, more complete
and ex-'nTaiie than can he I,.und slsrwhere in the
United nt'ies, all ior sale at the hwiv-sl ,nr:as
Jane I tI F. TAYLOR
HEl IIIITI,;H DIIRAMA. in two large octavo
va.ltinr' ,i.feirht hun.lredl pages each,well print-
ed and handsomely" vound, with ongravings, contain-
iri, mie iaun.Ire.j of the -csl plsas in the language,
ei.'-.luilang Shakespeare''.,) pri.e tfor the set tfur dol-
ars. equivalent to I cents for each play Just re-
ceived by F. TAYLOR.
ECTUIRES ON UNITARIANISM.-By Rev,
Geo. ,V Burnap, 1 volume, price one dollar.
Just received, for sale by
oct20 F. TAYLOR.