The Madisonian

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Material Information

Title:
The Madisonian
Uniform Title:
Madisonian (Washington, D.C. : 1837 : Semiweekly)
Physical Description:
v. : ; 57-61 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
Thomas Allen
Place of Publication:
Washington City D.C.
Creation Date:
December 24, 1840
Publication Date:
Frequency:
semiweekly[may 1843-1845]
semiweekly (triweekly during the sessions of congress)[ former 1837-1843]
semiweekly
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Aug. 16, 1837)-v. 4, no. 1289 (Apr. 29, 1845).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 2, no. 2, (Aug. 22, 1838)=whole no. 141.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Suspended: Apr. 16-30, 1840.
General Note:
Publisher varies: John B. Jones & Co., Dec. 9, 1841; John B. Jones, 1841-1845; Jesse E. Dow, 1845.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 703818873
ocn703818873
System ID:
AA00020292:00001

Related Items

Related Items:
Daily Madisonian (Washington, D.C. : 1841)
Related Items:
Madisonian (Washington, D.C. : 1837 : Weekly)
Succeeded by:
United States journal (Washington, D.C. : 1845 : Semiweekly)

Full Text






THE MADISONIAN.
THOMAS ALLEN,
Editor and Proprietor.
DONALD MACLEOD,
Associate Editor.
AGENTS.
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THE MADISONIAN.


VOL. IV.-NO. 39.] WASHINGTON CITY, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1840.


And the deep watch-word, like the rush of seas
That heralds the volcano's bursting flame,
Is sounding on the earth. Bright years of Hope
And life are on the wing! -Yon glorious bow,
Of Freedom, bended by the hand of God,
Is spanning Time's dark surges. Its hig arch,
A type of Love and Mercy on the cloud,
Tells that the many storms of human life
Will pass in silence, and the sinking waves,
G.,ihtrine the forms of glory and of peace,
R.elect tl,. undimmed brightness of the heavens.
CRACKERISMS;
A SKETCH OF FLORIDA SERVICE.
Howsoever correct and delicate may one's
conceptions of human nature, especially of the
ludicrous, it is a task of no ordinary nature to
delineate them with fidelity and effect for the
amusement or instruction of the thorough-going
world. I once had the pleasure to know a sweet
little French gentlewoman, whose perceptions
of humanity, especially the humorous portions
of it, were keen and sensible beyond measure.
Not only could she perceive the mannerisms of
people, but when you chanced to be in her com-
pany, it should go hard but you were compelled
to laugh, nolens volens. Whether or not she
was able to paint or describe her comical con-
ceptions 1 could never learn, but I most heartily
wish she could be witness to some of the few
"crackerisms" daily perpetrated in our journey-
ings over the sandy plains of ----. "Pray
what would you mean by Crackerism?" Crack-
ers are of several kinds. "Boston Crackers"
were the delight of our juvenile days, when
oysters were excellent taken from the chafing-
dish. "Soda Crackers" are the solace of the in-
valid and the toothless. "Ginger Crackers" are
more pleasant to the tongue of the school-boy,
than sin to the man of the world. Our "Crack-
erisms" are not manufactures of paste. There
are "mountain crackers" videe description of
life on Cro' nest, by Simon Crowell,) there are
"Western crackers," and there are- -
"Crackers," of whose "crackerism" we propose
to speak. The Lexicon says, "Cracker,-a hard
biscuit; a barbarous wagoner from the interior
of the southern States."
On the 20th we arrived at Fort -- Not
long after we had pitched out tents, in the man-
ner of the' Israelites during their wanderings
through the wilderness, we were waited on by
Squire-- a most notable specimen of a
"- cracker."
"Gentle-men," said he, (with a most peculiar
emphasis on the ultimate,)--'I understand you
perpose disbanding the bridge across the river
at this place, I am sorry to hear this, for that
thar bridge cost an 'mazin deal of labor. I seed
the men when they was building' on't, and I
reckin if this station is broken up, and the dod-
durned vermints allowed to break onto us, and
disband that thar bridge, it'll take a considerable
length of time to put her up agin !"
"The station will not be altogether broken up,
Mr. H. A few men will be left here, although
with ordinary vigilance the inhabitants might
eat every Indian who made his appearance
within ten miles of this place."
"Why, gentle-men, I don't know! dod ever
lastinly dod-durn thar yallar hides, they are a
most deceptions set of critters ; they are most
interruptions when you an't looking for them.
Didn't they come right spang up to Jeph Jones'
place, and shoot him from his plough-handle ?
Dod-drat thar skins didn't seven of 'em come
to my house just afore the break of day-when
we was all asleep, and didn't the blue pills fly
through the chinks of my cabin, right smart? I
reckin they did. Jest as soon as I could fairly
understand the natur' of the case, I picked up
my old shootin-iron, and I blazed in among the
bloody ilda
bloody villyans, and I kept the whole eight at a
reasonable distance until I could get help."?'
"You must have had avery warm time of it."
"I reckin I did. I th-lullf like ro more nuit
onto my place, and make some hominy itf I could
be sure the durned critters wouldn't prove sa-
vagrous."
"Where is your place ?"
"It's jest about seven miles from this on the
road to a monstrous good chance of a
plaze it is too-only just alongside of my largest
and best field, there is perhaps one of the most
da,-ge-rous precorons! (hammock,) in the
whole country. It has always been a good hidin
place for the blasted varmen, dod evengefully
burn their yallar skins!
"I do not think the Indians will trouble any of
the inhabitants after the posts now in contem-
plation are established. I have never known a
country so well protected as this will be, in the
course of a month or six weeks."
"I tell you, gentle-men, they are the most de-
ceptions and interruptions people on the face of
the yearth! They come onto you when you
an't expecting on em. The first year ot the war,
my brother Jess, away up in county, was a
ploughin' in his field a little off from the settle-
ments, and his son was a laying alongside the
fence with his shootin-iron a-lookin out for the
Indians ; for ten chances to one, said Jess, the
dod-blasted varmin may crawl on to a feller as
they did on Jeph Jones, and slam away at him
while he's ploughin. Wall,-my nephew was
alayin alongside the fence, jest on the aydge of
a pretty considerable preccoron, when he seed
three of the blasted critters working along from
tree to tree up towards the old man who was
whistlin away at his plough Essentiously
dod-durn my significant skin," says the boy when
he seed them, if you don't drap them there
utensils, (rifles) I'll make you faint !" No sooner
said than done-spang went the boy's iron, and
down ,went one Indian-squat, was the word
with the other two-they didn't know whar the
pill came from that settled their leader! Whoop!
yelled the boy! Hallo! says Jess, what's the
matter? Varmint! says the boy, who had load-
ened his iron again, whar? says Jess-Whar!
says the boy, and off he went over the bushes
like a deer, to see what the two squattin varmin
was a-doin on Would you believe it, gentle-
men-in that excessive short time they had
crawled clean out of sight !-you could see
whar their trail was-and clhar they had drag-
ged the dead varmint-Jess and the boy follow-
ed them just to the aydge of a large precoron-
but they are such a deceptions set, you can't
place no manner of dependence on 'em."
"Very true, Squire, Indians have been always
considered a very ferocious and cruel people.
Their nature prompts them to such deeds as you
have related. What we look upon as courage,
they view as cowardice---sneaking cunning is
more honorable in their estimation, than the
most exalted magnanimity."
"I know it gentle-men, dod blast 'em, I ought
to know 'em. The way they cut Zeke Billins'
family just on the eydge of the Ekonoyar* scrub
was truly ludicrous You've earn tell of that
massacry, haven't you gentle-men?"
Well, you see, Zeke Billins lived on a place
jest on the road to --, which passes close to
aydge of the Ekonoyar! Zeke had some busi-
ness to do in the up countrv,"t just afore the
varmin broke loose; and he left his family on
his place, never suspicionen that he shouldn't


see any oon 'em again I-There was his wife,
four children, and three ni_-pr_ Wall, Zeke
goes off, to the "up county, ,. his business,
and gets as far as -- on his way to his place.
He sort a-hearn, before he got home, that some
kind of devilment had been goin' on! Howsom-
dever, he gets on his creeturtand "puts out" to
know the worst. He got two or three of the
neighbors to go along-and, gentlemen, when he
*Et-a-ni-ah Scrub,- a large district of country co-
vered with scrub oak, black jack, &c.
t Georgia.


got thar-they found his house burnt even to
the ground, and the bodies of his wife and chil-
dren scattered around!
"Where were the negroes T"
Wall, nobody has rightly concluded on that
pint-but people mostly suppose that the Indians
take them into the precorons !-
"But Squire might not the family have been
murdered by the slaves who ran away of their
own accord, and may not have met an Indian
since ?"
"Wall, now that may have been the case-
but how the niggers should be so hostile, dod-
burn me if I know! they was always well treat-
ed. Zeke never misused his niggers Besides
niggers would n-ver have scalped any body ?"
Thus we were amazed with Crackerisms"
for a good hour and more, by a man who had
been raised among the poor Indians.
Chancellor Kent in his commentaries when
speaking of the title to Indian lands, very justly
observes:
"The restless and enterprising population on
the Indian borders, and which, in a considerable
degree partakes of the fierce and lawless man-
ners of the hunter state, are exempt no doubt
from much sympathy with Indian sufferings,
and they are penetrated with perfect contempt
for Indian rights. If it were not for the frontier
garrisons and troops of the United State-, officer-
ed by correct and discreet men, there would pro-
bably be a state of constant hostility between
the Indians and the white borderers and hunt-
ers."
Our Squire H. is of that class of men describ-
ed above. He believes that Indians, who when
not outraged have been justly called "generous
barbarians" are no better than Vermin-that
they are without souls, without sensibility, with-
out feelings, and incapable of possessing any
oratoral or acquired rights! Such is the perfect-
ability of human nature! Selfishness knows
not affection!
*
*
A dance was gotten up on the evening of the
--, which might have put Terpsichore to the
blush, and the music of the sable Paganini, I
am confident, would have thrownorpheus literal-
ly in the shade. I cannot call this exhibition a
"bal costume," nor yet a masquerade, nor was it
in every sense a fancy ball, although I doubt
exceedingly whether Almacks, or the courtly as-
semblages of St. James, can at all times boast
the presence of many such fancy characters as
graced the frolick on the night of the --. At
early "candle-light the company began to assem
ble, and
"By two-headed Janus,
Nature hath framed strange creatures in her time."
A Mr. C- came into the room, habited in
a dress like Joseph's coat of many colors. Capi-
tally he wore a mass of bushy hair-an ample
shirt-collar supported his head by the ears,
strangely reminding me of a tutor at whose feet
I once humbly sat, and whose collar equalled a
calendar in every respect. On Sunday it was
close under the ears-on Monday the top of his
cravat ranged along the graduated scale at divi-
sion number two-on Tuesday at number three
-until obout sun-down on each successive Sa-
turday no vestige of the long-tried linen was vi-
sible! Such a collar as this now graced the
visage of Mr. C- His was a peculiar coat.
His nether man was habited in white cotton
trowsers, ornamented along the seams with
large bows of blue ribbon. Think of this, ye ex-
quisites, and never more presume to "wear such
blushing honors thick upon you." About his
candles he had tied blue ribbons, with bows pen-
dant! In his own view, he was decidedly the
greatest and best dressed man in the room. As
tor the room, it was enclosed with logs, without
Cil;ng., wain-cutti, ii or anm other civilized ap-
purt. I h-,. Thi, darn.,- in r\%as peculiarly Icr k
er," consisting of those movements of the pedes-
tals generally known as "double trouble," jubaa,"
and other equally energetic and graceful steps.
The dancers appeared to "go in" not so much
for fashion as for exercise. S-- politely re-
quested the honor of Miss Lydia Ann's corn
pany in a waltz! "In a what?" modestly
inquired the blushing damsel. "In a waltz," re-
peated the anxious swain. I never heard tell
of such a thing; is it a game two can play at?"
This was too much for poor S- and he re-
tired with feelings indescribable.
For people surrounded by a savage enemy,
liable at any moment to be fallen upon, perhaps
at the still midnight hour, and cut to pieces, I
never saw such merry men, women, and chil-
dren. Nothing obut continual laughing, feasting,
and merriment.

THE BOOK OF MORMON.
One of the greatest literary curiosities of the
day is the much abused Book of Mormon."-
That a work of the kind should be planned, exe-
cuted, and given to the scrutiny of the world,
by an illiterate young man of twenty-that it
should gain numerous and devoted partizans,
here and in Europe, and that it should agitate a
whole State to such a degree that law, justice,
and humanity were set aside to make a war of
extermination on the new sect, seems scarcely
credible in the nineteenth century, and under
this liberal government; yet such is the fact.
The believers in the book of Mormon new
number well-nigh 50,000 souls in America, to
say nothing of numerous congregations in Great
Britain. They style themselves Latter-Day
Saints, as it is a prominent point in their faith
that the world is soon to experience a great and
final change. They believe, and insist upon be-
lieving, literally, the Old and New Testaments;
butthey also hold that there are various other
inspired writings, which in due season will be
brought to light. Some of these (the Book of
Mormon, for example) are even now appearing,
.after having been lost for ages. shey think
that in the present generation will be witnessed
the final gatthe book r of all the true fol-
lowers of Christ into one fold of peace and pu-
rity-in othatwordsstat the Millentium is near.
Setting aside the near approach of the Mille-
nium and the Book of Mormon, they resemble
in faith and discipline the Methodists, and their
meetings are marked by the fervid simplicity
that characterizes that body of Christians. It is
in believing the book of Mormon inspired that
the chief difference consists; but it must be ad-
mitted that this is an important distinction.
This is their own declaration of faith on that
point: A young man named Joseph Smith, in
the western part of New York, guided, as he
says, by divine inspiration, found, in 1830, a
kind of diston t or vault containing a number
of thin plates of gold held together by a ring, on
which they were all strung, and engraved with
unknown characters. The characters the Mor-
mons believe to be the ancient Egyptian, and
that Smith was enabled by inspiration to trans-
late them-in part only, however, for the plates
are not entirely given in English. This trans-
lation is the Book of Mormon, and so fa- it is a
faint and distant parallel of the Koran. In much
the same way Mahomet presented his code of
religion to his followers, and on that authority


the sceptre-sword of Islamism now sways the
richest and widest realms that ever bowed to
one faith. But the Mormons have a very diffe-
rent career before them: their faith is opposed
to all violence, and, from the nature of their pe-
culiar doctrines, they must soon die of them-
selves, if they are wrong. If the appointed signs
that are to announce the approach of the Mille-
nium do not take place immediately, the Latter-
Day Saints must, by their own showing, be
mistaken, and their faith falls quietly to the


[WHOLE NO. 420.


ground. So, to persacute them merely for opi-
nion's sake is as useless as it would be unjust
and impolitic.
The Book of Mormon purports to be a history
of a portion of the children of Israel, who found
their way to this continent after the first destruc-
tion of Jerusalem. It is continued from gene-
ration to generation by a succession of prophets,
and gives in different books an account of the
wars and alliances among the various branches
of the Lost Nation. The Golden Book is an
abridgment by Mormon, the last of the prophets,
of all the works of his predecessors.
The style is a close imitation of the scriptu-
ral, and is remarkably free from any allusions
that might betray a knowledge of the present
political or social state of the world. The wri-
ter lives in the whole strength of his imagina-
tion in the age he portrays. It is difficult to im-
agine a more difficult literary task than to write
what may be termed a continuation of the Scrip-
tures, that should not only avoid all collision
with the authentic and sacred word, but even
fill up many chasms that now seem to exist, and
thus receive and lend confirmation in almost
every book.
To establish a plausibly-sustained theory that
theaborignes of our Continent are descendants
of Israel without committing himself by any as-
sertion or description that could be contradicted,
shows a degree of talent and research that in
uneducated youth of twenty is almost a miracle
in itself.
A copy of the characters on some of the gol-
den leaves was transmittedto a learned gentle-
man of this city, who of course was unable to
decypher them, but thought they bore a resem-
blance to the ancient Egyptian character.
If on comparison it appears that these charac-
ters are similar to those recently discovered on
those ruins in Central America which have at-
tracted so much attention lately, and which are
decidedly of Egyptian architecture, it will make
a strong point for Smith. It will tend to prove
that the plates are genuine, even if it does not
establish the truth of his inspiration, or the fidel-
ity of his translation.
In any case our Constitution throws its pro-
tecting aegis over every religious doctrine. If
the Mormons have violated the law, let the law
deal with the criminals; but let not a mere opi-
nion, however absurd and delusive it may be, call
forth a spirit of persecution. Persecution, harsh
daughter of Cruelty and Ignorance, can never
find a home in a heart truly republican. Opinion
is a household god, and in this land her shrine is
inviolate.-New Yorker.

NEW SPECIES OF LEAD ORE.
We learn from the St. Louis (Mo.) Republi-
can, that a discovery has recently been made in
the southern part of that State, of a new des-
cription of lead ore, which is likely to work an
important revolution in the cost of the article.
In the southern mines there is a species of ore
which abounds in immense quantities, called by
miners, "dry bone mineral"-there are several
different descriptions of it, but the more common
is that of a porous stone of great weight lying
on the surface near to it. This dry bone mate-
rial, which heretofore has been esteemed of no
value, has lately been brought into use by a Ger-
man miner, and such has been the success at-
tending it that it now bids fair to supersede,
entirely, the shafts or diggings for the blue mate-
rial.
The "bone mineral," adds the Republican, is
generally found combined with sandy and earthy
substances-is submitted to a process of wash-
ing, and upon being smelted in a furnace of pe-
culiar construction, yields in proportion to its
cost, a greater return than the blue mineral. A
company concerned in the Mine La Motre
Mines, have erected a furnace something after
the fashion of thb. .:upul., furia-.jt .. to whih ibev
apply a blas st.'air,. In tLii lurnact. which
is so small th, l6 hur p.r.,:.ns can kiep Ither -uppli-
ed, have in 45 days, Sunday's included, when
the furnace is not run, made rising of 350,000
pounds of lead. There is no expense in raising
the mineral, and it is furnished to the smelters at
one dollar and a half a thousand, at which price
it is thought much cheaper than the blue mineral
at three dollars. The Company, we understand,
calculate that they can manufacture at their fur-
nace, this year, nearly four millions of lead, a
quantity greatly exceeding the product of all the
mines in any previous year. If the experiments
continue as successful as they have begun, there
cannot be a doubt that the ease with which this
ore is procured, the facility with which it is
smelted, must eventually make a great change
in the supply of the article and its cost.-Ameri-
can Sentinel.

DISTRIBUTION OF THE BIBLE.
One among the gratifying signs of the times,
is the zeal and success with which Bible Socie-
ties enter upon the distribution of the Word. In
glancing over some accounts in the Boston Re-
corder, of what has been done during the past
year by a few Foreign societies, we find that
from the depot of the British and Foreign Bible
Society at Paris, there have been issued during
the year 137,097 copies of the Bible, being more
by 16,685 than were distributed during the pre-
ceding year. In eleven years, from this depot
666,051 copies have been circulated. At Gene-
va, 2'072 bibles, and 3,456 testaments have been
distributed. The issues of the year in Belgium
amount to 18,366 copies of the Word. Ten
thousand copies of the French testament have
been printed at Brussels. The Netherlands.So-
ciety has distributed 10,759 bibles and testa-
ments. In Germany and Prussia the number of
bibles and testaments distributed this year is an
increase upon the issues of the preceding year of
7,092 copies. Translations of the Word into va-
rious different languages are constantly in pro-
gress, and if the zeal of those engaged in the
work of distribution fails not, it will be but a
few years before the Bible can be read in all
languages that are spoken in the world.-Pilot.

War Steamers.--The following paragraph from a
late Fnglish journal shows the close attention which
has been paid to the subject of War Steamers by the
British Government, whilst that of the United States
has been asleep in reference to it:
STEAM MEN-OF-WAR.-The increase of steam-ves-
sels in the Royal Navy is remarkable, not only on
account of their augmented size and locomotive power,
but their heavy armament, improved from capacity for
stowage, and increased speed, whilst their performan-
ces under canvass are little, if at all, inferior to the
best sailing ships. Oi reference to the Navy List for
January, 1830, we find but eight steam-vessels des-
cribed, and one only (the Dee, building) calculated
for war; the others namely, African, Carton, Colum-
bia, Confiance, Echo, Lighting, and Meteor, (all
still existing,)lbeing excepting the Columbia, of 361
tons, small vessels under 200 tons, and of 100 horse
power, and principally employed as packets in the
Mediteranean. We have now, in 1839, no less than
thirty-three steam-vessels of war, besides thirty-eight
employed in the packet service, exclusive of hired
steam-vess.t ....kii.2 altogether seventy-one, some of
which are .v.'., irJ' ,' 1,000 tons and 400 horse power,
armed with heavy guns of great range, and capable of
combating with any description of force than can be
met afloat; and this splendid steam Navy, which has
attained to its present extent in such a short period, is


capable of transporting an army of 10,000 men to the
Continent, or, if need be, across the Atlantic,' at any
time when such a proceeding might be deemed neces-
sary.

Oyster Trade.-It is stated in the Philadelphia North
American, that from the 7th of October to the 16th
December, 1840, there were brought through the
Chesapeake and Delaware Canal four thousand two
hundred and twenty-nine tons of oysters, as ascertain-
ed from the books of said company.


State of Illinois," the majority declared the present
session to be only a special one, ani adjourned it sine
die. This was on Saturday evening, at a quarter
past 5 o'clock, three hours and a quarter after the bank
had closed its business for the day. To be ready to
resume when the bank hbouis of Monday should ar-
rive, in all its branches, expresses were started by the
bank to notify the officers of the different branches,
of the summary adjournment of the Legislature, and
of the necessity for immediate resumption. The ex-
ultation of the majority upon the adjournment of the
House, was manifested by stamping and clapping.
This extraordinary proceeding on the part of the
Administration members of the House, is the more
censurable, when it is considered, that not a single
act on any subject was passed during the two weeks'
session. The financial embarrassments of the State,
to which the Governor called their attention in such
forcible terms, and by such a full exposition of its lia-
bil.ties, weighed nothing in their minds against the
mere party measure of crushing the State Bank.
On Monday the second session of the 12th Gene-
ral Assembly convened without the excitement which
was expected to attend its organization, and proceeded
to the grave business providing for the payment of in-
terest on the state debt. But seven days remained
fior such provision to be made. The State Bank com-
menced paying specie on the same day.-Pilot.


CENSUS OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUM-
BIA FOR 1840,


GQ CD 0 Q1B
0. & ci as 1
0 5 S0










G t -1 W



tot









5!5
I Il '
ii____________ I__















co o-




Engaged in Agriculture 384
Engaged iu Commerce .- 240
Engaged in Manufctures and Trades 2,278
Engaged in Navigating the Ocean 126
Engaged in Navigating Lakes and Rivers 80
Engaged in Learned Professions 203
Deaf and Dumb White 8
Deaf and Dumb Colored 4
Blind White 6
Blind Colored 9
Insane and Idiot White 14
Insane and Idiot Colored 7
Universities -
No. of Students 166
Academies and Grammar Schools 26
No. of Scholars t- 1,389
Primary and Common Schools 29
No of Scholars 851
No. of Scholars at Public Charge 482
No. over 20 years who cannot read and write 1,033
RECAPITULATION OF THE SEVERAL
CENSUSES.
Year. Free whites. Free persons Slaves. Total.
of color.
1800 10,066 783 3,44 14,093
1810 16,079 2,049 5,895 24,023
1820 22,614 4,039 6,379 30,032
1830 27,563 6,152 6,119 39,834
1840 30,657 8,361 4,694 43,712

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION.
OFFICIAL VOTE OF MISSOURI.
VAN BUREaN, H aRoISN.
Audrain, 122 132
Barry, 436 98
Benton, 501 150
Boone, 500 4 1112
Buchanan, 1128 340
Callaway, 626 881
Cape Girardeauc 764 455
Carroll, 182 112
Chariton, 391 2 8
Clay, 4*7 649
Clinton, 2 8 137
Cole, 962 34-
Crawford, 264 24
Clark, 0 "240
Cooe a694 778
C,. 1 U,133
Daivestis, '' -
FrSnklin 552 355
Gasconade, 636 136
Greene, 432 171
Howard, 901 743
Jackson, 711 457
Jefferson, 321 298
Johnson, 374 o225
Lafayette, 475 500
Lewis, 602 542
Lincoln, 543 '46
Linn, 235 93
Livingston, 487 249
Madison, 275 157
Marion, 534 827
Monroe, 618 815
Montgomery, 262 344
Morgan, 494 169
Macon, 500 374
Miller, 317 21
N. Madrid, 194 363
Newton, 630 178
Platte, 960 451
Perry, 339 319
Pettis, 264 156
Pike, 746 732
Polk, 860 241
Pulaski, 729 196
Randolph, 405 515
Rails, 335 400
Ray, 563 432
Ripley, 325 15
Rives, 421 299
St. Francis, 199 221
St. Genevieve, 222 170
St. Charles, 459 586
St. Louis, 1874 2514
Saline, 322 375
Scott, 500 77t4
Shelby, 26J 233
Stoddard, 308 69
Taney, 258 41
Van Buren, 360 208
Warren, 348 342
Washington, 514 479
Wayne, 211 57
29,760 23,016
23,016
6,744 majority.

R suxdtTION iN IaLtNOIS.--We see by the St. Louis
New Era, that the State Bank of Illinois despatched
expresses to all its branches on Sunday the 6th in-
stant, instructing them to resume specie paymviats on
Monday the 7th. This measure, ado 4 so hastily,
was for the purpose of preventing a forfeiture of its
charter by the bank. The dominant party in the Le-
gislature, It would seem, was determined crush the
bank at all hazards; and, as the suspension of spcie21
payments had been legalized by the previous session
--and as +he act passed then specified that the bank
should not be compelled to resume specie payments,
"until the close of the next General Assembly of the
Staeoflinos, the maoiy elre 5h6prsn











THE MADISONIAN,

OHIO.

Gov. CORWIN'S Inaugural Address was de-
livered to the Legislature the 16th inst. We
extract from it the following paragraphs relating
to the politics, policy and prospects of Ohio.
The Constitution of Ohio was formed in No-
vember, 1802, very soon after a most animated
struggle between two great political parties in the
United States, which had resulted in the elec-
tion of Mr. Jefferson to the Presidency. Of the
questions which divided the people ot that day,
that touching the powers and patronage of the
Executive was prominent. They who favored
a restricted power, and stinted Executive pa-
tronage, prevailed; and of this school (then de-
nominated Republican) was the convention that
framed our Constitution. A fearful jealousy of
Executive power, with a strong conviction of the
pernicious influence of Executive patronage, all
will agree, are indelibly impressed upon their
work,; and our experience of nearly forty years,
has given abundant proofs of the wisdom which
(in that respect at least) exerted its influence
upon their labors. Under this system, Ohio, it
is believed, has advanced with a pace equal to
any of her sister States, in the augmentation of
her population, and in the development of her
resources; nor in the intellectual and moral con-
dition of a people, need she fear a comparison
with much older communities, governed by dif-
ferent organic laws. Under this Constitution,
the rights of person and property have been ful-
ly protected; all the great guaranties of civil li-
berty have been preserved, and in the vicissi-
tudes of war and peace, the laws have in gene-
ral been promptly and vigorously enforced. If
occasional, and even flagrant exceptions, to this
view of our history, are to be found, it will be
readily seen, that they were of short duration,
and had not their origin in the want of Execu-
tive power to prevent or control them. After
an interval of forty years, the people of the Unit-
ed States have again agitated the subject of a
strong or restricted Executive action in the Fe-
deral Government, and again decided it, as they
did in 1800-furnishing to the citizens of Ohio
another proud testimonial of the excellence, in
this particular, of the Constitution under which
he lives.
PLANS OP BANKS.
I have to suggest a brief outline of those plans
which appear to embrace a, preventive of the
two great evils I have noticed-insolvency of
the institutions and consequent loss to the com-
munity-and unnatural expansions and contrac-
tions of the currency. The first is a State Bank,
with a convenient number of branches, at pro-
per points in the State, with a capital of such
amount as the business of the country would
seem to require. Each branch to own its own
stock as its own separate property; but to receive
its paper from a common source, and be subject
to the control of a parent board chosen by the
stockholders of all the branches. In this plan,
the whole capital employed in the State should
be bound for the redemption of the notes of
every branch; the parent board having power,
under proper limitations, to control the business ;
of all the branches. As the whole capital is to
be pledged for the liabilities of each separate
branch, a board representing the capital should
have full power to protect it against the misma-
nagement of those for whose conduct in this
scheme, it is made ultimately responsible. In
this plan, it is proposed to give the State a pro-
portion of the stock, not exceeding one-fifth of
the whole which should be represented by a
correspondiag vote in the election of officers.
The books of all the institutions should be open
at all times to the inspection of the parent board,
and subject arso to the inspection at any and all
times of the Legislature, in such mode as it
,should direct. The amount of circulation at any
and all of the branches, to bear a proportion to
their capital, to be fixed by the Legislature in the
charter. It is especially desirable, that the char-
ter should specify the cases, if any, on which a
forfeiture of the charter should follow, and that
the facts in such cases should be found by a trial,
in proper form, in the judicial courts of the State.
In this scheme, also, it would seem to be proper
to make the notes of each branch receivable in
payment of debts at every branch in the State.
o withdraw from the directory all inducement
to extravagant and injudicious issues, and to put
an end to the practice, said to prevail to some
extent, of adopting improper methods to avoid
the provision of law, which forbids the receipt
of more than six per cent. per annum on loans,
it should be provided, that the amount of divi-
dends, when they exceed a given per cent. per
annum, should be paid into the State Treasury.
The second plan, which has been much the
subject of discussion, and which would seem to
be a great improvement on the existing system.
embraces the proposition of re-chartering so ma-
ny of the present banks of the State, as shall be
thought necessary, and such of them only, as
on thorough examination shall be found to be in
a sound and healthy condition.
In this scheme, it is proposed to compel all
that shall receive charters to unite in the election
of a Board of Control; each bank to be entitled
to vote in proportion to its capital. This board,
who may or may not hold stock in any bank, as
the Legislature shall determine, to issue all pa-
per, and to sign it by officers to be chosen by it;
to receive reports from each bank at stated peri-
ods, embracing all its transactions, verified by
the oaths of its officers. It is proposed, also, to
vest the board with power to examine into the
affairs of all the banks at stated periods, to be
fixed by law, and oftener, if they deem it neces-
sary; and to close the business of any bank,
when, in its judgment, such bank had conducted
its business in such manner as to render it un-
safe to permit its further continuance, and in all
such cases the assets of such bank should be
transferred to the board for the purpose of liqui-
dating all claims outstanding against it.
In this plan it is also proposed, to make the
capital of each bank and all of them, who shall
accept of charters, liable for the debts of every
other bank, and to compel them to receive the
notes of each other at all times in payment of
debts, and to redeem each its proper proportion
of the notes of any other that may suspend spe-
cie payment, or be closed by the Board of Con-
trol.
It would also be a salutary provision in this
scheme, to limit the dividends to stockholders,
and bring into the State Treasury all the pro-
fits arising from the operations of the banks
above such limitation; and also to limit in the
charter the amount of circulation as compared
with the capital of the several banks.
PROSPECTS OF OHIO.
Our present position as a member of the Union,
compared with the past, cannot fail to awaken
in the bosoms of our citizens proud and gratify-
ing reflections. Our State occupies a command-
ing position in the great valley west of the Alle-
ghany mountains; a valley which, by the esti-
mates of those well informed, contains a greater


quantity of productive soil than isto be found in
one body elsewhere on the surface of the globe.
Though many parts of Ohio presents to the eye
of a Western American what seems to him a
crowded population, yet it is certain that, when
compared with its capacity to sustain and feed
its people, no portion of our territory has as yet
been filled. If we glance our eyes over the sta-
tistics of other parts of the world, not more
fruitful in whatever contributes to the sustenance
of a dense population, and see to what extent
the productive powers of the earth may be car-
ried, where population has long pressed upon
subsistence, we shall find that, in any portion of
Ohio, compared with such, is as yet little better
than an untenanted and ancultiva ed waste.
Looking forward to the time when the yet unoc-
cupied agricultural and manufacturing powers of
the State shall be fully developed, and taking our
past progress as a guide to the future, we may,
without egotism, indulge proud hopes of the ul-


timate destinies of the Slate. When we entered
upon a State Government in the year 1802, our
population numbered sxity thousand. Now, af-
ter a lapse of thirty-eight years, we count a mil-
lion and a half within our borders. Then we
were a few scattered settlements, trembling in
the presence of the lately subdued Indian tribes
that still hovered on our frontier, and were enti-
tled to but one representative in the popular
branch of Congress; now we rank third in num-
bers amongst thetwenty-six States of the Union,
and have a larger share of power in the Legisla-
ture of the nation, than many of the oldest whose
settlements began two hundred years before the
white man built his first cabin within the limits
of the State.
Through the valley lying between the Rocky
mountains on one side, and the Alleghany range
on the other, following the course of the Missis-
sippi, Ohio, and Alleghany rivers, we have an
uninterrupted steamboat navigation of twenty-
four hundred miles in length. This great chan-
nel of commerce on one aide, and the lakes of
the North on the other, intersected by canals,
roads, and rivers, with a rich soil and a healthful
climate, while they account for our past history,
furnish certain and most cheering augnay of our
future progress.
Most Atrocious Murders I-A most shocking case
of the deliberate murder of five persons, committed,
it would seem, for the sole purpose of preventing the
discovery of a contemplated robbery, is related in the
Portsmouth, Va., Times of the 16th instant, as fol-
lows:
From the Portsmouth (Va.) Times, Dec. 16.
We learn that a series of most atrocious murders
was perpetrated by a miscreant in Southampton Coun-
ty, on Monday night. An aged Quaker of the name
of Scott, residing not far from Jerusalem, his sister,
also aged, a little girl, about nine years old, named
Pretlow, a negro woman and her child were, succes-
sively butchered to further the design of robbery, en-
tertained by their destroyer. Six persons were on the
premises at the time-and but one escaped. This was
a young negro girl. She relates, we understand, that
a man residing in the neighborhood visited the house
a little after sunset and spent the evening by the fire-
side of Mr. Scott in conversation with the family.-
As he was about to quit, hlie asked Mr. S. to walk with
him to the gate, as he had a word to say to him in pri-
vate. To this the unfortunate man consented.
The girl saw no more of him. A violent struggle
was next heardin the kitchen. The murderer, armed
with a short heavy dogwood pestle, had seized the
negro woman, and was beating out her brains when
the aged sister of Mr. Scott, attracted by the noise,
appeared and begged him to desist. Irrevocably
bent on his design he instantly despatched the poor
negro, and seizing the old lady felled her to the floor
with a blow of the pestle. A negro boy about nine
years old was then killed in the same manner. Ile
next proceeded in search of the little white girl and the
young negress. The latter made her escape unob-
served. The other child was not so fortunate. She
was caught in the room and murdered as summarily
as the rest.
Not seeing the negro girl, and resolved to leave no
clue to his fearful secret, the monster made a careful
search in the rooms turning over the beds and scan-
ning every corner narrowly. Convinced that one of
the family had escaped, hc seems to have gone off
without consummating the robbery. The girl fled im-
mediately to the nearest neighbors, and communi-
cated what had occurred in her sight and hearing.-
They repaired to the premises forthwith, and found the
melancholy confirmation of her story. The murder-
er had fled, and the house was burning slowly. The
fire was extinguished before it had defaced the bodies,
or done much-injury to the building. In the morning
among the spectators of the night's bloody fruit, was
the individual spoken of by the girl as the actor in
the scene. He gave an instant contradiction to her
story, and referred to the absence of blood from his
clothing as proof of his innocence. He denied also, we
learn, having been on the premises for a fortnight.-
Traces of blood, however, it is said, were found among
his whiskers, and he was detained till search was
made at his house. This resulted, we learn, in the
discovery of a suit of his clothing excessively be-
smeared with blood. He was forthwith apprehended.
Mr. Scott was an old and esteemed resident of the
county, and was reputed to be wealthy. The hope
of securing his money led to a scheme of murder, as
boldly conceived and deliberately executed as any
furnished by the annals of crime. The escape of the
girl alone prevented the full execution of the plan.-
If she had fallen, all explanation of the mystery would
have been impossible. The house and bodies of the
slain would have been consumed together, and the
murderer would have possessed in security the poor
reward of his atrocities, beyond the fear of detection.
The same mail also brings us the account of an-
other murder, committed under the influence of jea-
lousy:
From the Virginia Star, Dec. 16.
A murder of a most atrocious character, we under-
stand, was committed it, the county of Dinwiddie, on
Sunday morning last, by Jeremiah Conway, on the
person of Edward Lewis, a young man, only about 18
years of age, who, at the time when the murder was
committed, resided with Conway's family. It appears
that Lewis had dressed himself with the intention of
going to Church, and was in the act of stepping out
of the portico, having hlis back turned towards Con-
way's chamber door, when C. advanced within a few
steps of him, (having a -,, i,, .,i charged with buck
shot,) and fired, when Lewis fell, having received the
entire contents of the gun in the neck and back part
of the head! The only supposable cause assigned for
the perpetration of this dreadful act, was jealousy, on
the part of Conway. He has, for many years, been
a member of the Methodist Church. After the act
was committed, Conway made no effort to escape,
and when questioned in relation to the murder, posi-
tively declared that he knew nothing about it. He
has been committed to the jail of Dinwiddie county,
where he awaits his trial for this outrageous act.
ANOTHER MURDER.
The Newark (N. J.) Daily Advertiser, says: Ano-
ther Murder has been committed in this State. It is
stated that the body of Mr. R. Rutherford, formerly a
merchant at Johnsonburgh, was found near Jugtown,
Warren county, deposited under a coffin, where ano-
ther person has been buried previously. The appear-
ance of the grave created suspicions of its having been
distmbed, and its examination led to the discovery.
They were induced first to believe that somre resurrec-
tionist had violated it, and on ,, -.,.lai,.. ,.. eltain
the fact they found the body .t i t. mr.l, .1 man.
Mr. R. is said to have been a man of wealth, engaged
in buying and selling cattle, and at the time of his
leaving home he had a large amount of money on his
person.
Visits to North Bend by applicants for (.ml6...
We should suppose the good sense of the
friends of Gem. Harrison would suggest to them
the propriety of abstaining from visits to his resi-
dence to solicit office. We ate persuaded these
visits must encroach on the time which belongs
not to individuals, but to the whole people. He
will soon enter upon the duties of the most ardu-
ous as it is the most dignified office in the world,
and the nation expects that he shall have such
control of his time as may permit him to think
upon the measures calculated to advance her in-
terests.
We speak advisedly when we assure all appli-
cants for office, whether personally or by letter,
that their claims will be prejudiced rather than
advanced by such a course of conduct. We
doubt not the President elect would especially
condemn the practice of any of the present office-
holders presuming to solicit a continuance of
their places by professing to abuse the present
incumbent under whom they now hold office.
We know that applications have been made up-
on such grounds.-Cincinnati Republican,
December, 17.


SENATORIAL ELECTION.
The recess of thirteen days taken by the Senate of
Virginia, precludes the possibility of the election of a
Senator of the United States until after the Christmas
holidays.
The conduct of the Senate in thus obstinately de-
laying to pertbform a duty which is entrusted to them
by their constituents, has been the subject of general
censure and indignation, and there are not wanting
members of their own party in the Legislature who
firmly and openly condemn their proceeding.
A recent visit to Richmond has enabled us to form
a more accurate opinion concerning the result of the
election, when it does take place, 1, iri we had previ-
ously been able to form-and we do not hesitate to
say that let the election come on when it will, Mr.
Rives will be the choice of a majority of the Legis-
lature.-Petersburg I..' m ........
Small Notes.-A bill has passed the House of Rep-
resentatives of Ohio, providing for a repeal of so much
of the act of last session, as prohibits the issuing and
circulation of notes under five dollars, by the banks of
that State.


SPLENDID CAPITALS
FOR JANUARY.
D. S. GREGORY & CO. Managers.
State of New Jersey Lottery.
Class ONE for 1840.
To be drawn at Jersey City, on Saturday, the 2d of
January, 1841.
GRAND CAPITALS.
30,000 Dollars, 10,000 Dollars.
6,000 Dollars 3,000 Dollars
4,000 Dollars 12,205 Dollars
2 of $2000 13 of $1,500
4 of $1250
D:,-'25 prizes of $1,000.-."
78 Number Lottery-14 Drawn Ballots.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 26 Whole tickets, $140 00
Do. do. 26 Half do 70 00
Do. do 26 Quarter do 35 00
VIRGINIA WELLSBURG LOTTERY.
Class A, for 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., Saturday, Janua-
ry 9th, 1840.
BRILLIANT SCHEME.
30,000 Dollars. 10,000 Dollars.
6,000 Dollars 2,500 Dollars
5,000 Dollars I 2,000 Dollars
4.000 Dollars 1,747 1-2 Dollars
25 of 1,000 Dollars.
Tickets $10-Halves $5--Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole Tickets, $130 00
Do. do. 25 half do 65 00
*Do. do. 25 quarter do 32 50
Capital Prize $30,000 Net.
And FIFTEEN Drawn Ballots.
ALEXANDRIA LOTTERY.
Class No. 1, for 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C. on Saturday, 16th
January, 1840.
GRAND CAPITALS.
35,295 Dollars. 10,515 Dollars.
5,000 Dollars 1,750 Dollars
4,000 Dollars 1,600 Dollars
3,000 Dollars 1,500 Dollars
2,500 Dollars 1.400 Dollars
2,250 Dollars 1,300 Dollars
2,000 Dollars 1,250 Dollars
1,200 Dollars.
D:r 50 PRIZES of $1,000.Cij
Tickets $10---Halves $5---Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of Packages of25 Whole Tickets $130 00
Do. do 25 Half do 65 00
Do. do 25 Quarter do 32 50
ALL PRIZES.
4 PRIZES OF $10,000!
Maryland Consolidated Lottery,
Class No. 2 for 1841.
To be drawn at Baltimore, Md., on Saturday, Janua-
ry 23d, 1841.
GRAND SCHEME.
4 PRIZES of 10,000 Dollars!
$5,000 $4,478 32 $2 of $3,000 3 of $2,500
45 of $500, &c.
The Tickets having one drawn No. $10.
The Tickets having no drawn No. 3 Net.
Tickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters $250.
Certificate of Packages of 22 Whole Tickets, $100
Do. do. 22 Half do 50
Do. do. 22 Quarter do 25
VIRGINIA LEESBURG LOTTERY,
Class A for 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., Saturday, the 30th
January, 1841.
GRAND CAPITALS:
30,000 Dollars. 10,000 Dollars.
5,000 Dollars 2,500 Dollars
3,000 Dollars 1,017 1-2 Dollars
100 Prizes of $1,000, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of Packages of 25 whole Tickets $130 00
do do 25 Half do 65 00
do do 25 Quarter do 32 50
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the Monongalia Academy,
Class No. 11, for 1840.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., Saturday, Decem-
ber a6A IA40
BRILLIANT SCHEME.
30,000 Dollars, 10,000 Dollars.
6,000 Dollars I 2,500 Dollars
3,140 Dollars I 2,000 Dollars
3,000 Dollars
50 prizes of $1,000 ; 20 of $500 ; 20 of $300;
Tickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of Packages of25 Whole Tickets $130 00
Do. do. 26 Half do. 65 00
Do. do. 26 Quarters do. 32 50
nrOrders for tickets and Shares or Certificates of
Packages in the above Magnificent Lotteries will re-
ceive the most prompt attention, and an official account
of the drawing sent immediately after it is over to all
who order from us.
D. S. GREGORY & CO. Managers,
Washington, D. C.
dec 22-2aw3w
R. FRANCE'S Old Established Prize Office
Washington City.
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY.
Class No. 11, for 1840.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., Saturday, Decem-
ber 26th, 1840.
BRILLIANT SCHEME.
$30,000 $10,000
6000 Dollars 3,000 Dollars
3,140 Dollars 2,500 Dollars
$1,000.
D:-50 prizes of $1,000._3q
20 of $500 20 of $300
123 of 200 126 of 100, &c.
75 Number Lottery-12 Drawn Ballots.
Tickets only $10, Halves $5, Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of Packages of 25 Whole Tickets $130 00
25 Half 65 00
25 Quarter 32 50
For Tickets and Shares or Certificates of Packages
in the above Splendid Lotteries,---address
R. FRANCE, Washington.
Drawings sent immediately they are over to all who
order as above, nov 24 2aw3wd&c
ICtILY BOUND AND ILLUSTRATED
BOOKS for the Holidays.
The London Forget Me Not for 1841.
The Book of Beauty for 1841.
The Youth's Keepsake for 1841.
The Letters and Poems ofN. P. Willis, in 1 small
quarto vol. with numerous splendid engravings. Lon-
don, 1841.
Stern's Sentimental Journey, with one hundred
engravings. London, 1840.
Friendship's Offering for 1841. The Gem for 1841
The Annuallete for 1841. The Literary Souvenir
for 1841.
The Gift for 1841. The Shakspeare Gallery. The
Byron Gallery.
The Book of Common Prayer, with several hundred
superb illustrations.
Illustrations of the Bible.
And many other works of the same class and de-
scription, far too numerous for the limits of an adver-
tisement.
Bibles, Testaments and Prayer Books, English and
American editions of every size, in rich binding.
Fine editions of standard Historians. Illustrated


Books of Travels.
Miniature ornamental editions of the most popular
authors in Poetry and Prose.
Albums, Drawing Books, and a very'full collection
of Juvenile Books, for all ages, many of them entirely
new. All at the lwestprice.
Just received by F. TAYLOR; many of them im-
ported hy himself, dec 22
HE DE HAUTVILLE CASE-Repoitofthe
Trial of the De Hautville case, with all the evi-
dence, Letters, &c. Just published in amphlet form,
this day received, for sale by F. TAYLOR.
dec 22

CONGRESSIONAL DIRECTORY of the Se-
v cond Session of the 26th Congress.
This day published, and for sale at the bookstores
of Messrs. Fischer, Anderson, Morrison, Taylor,and
at my office, A Congressionral Directory of the Se-
cond Session of the 26th Congress. Price 12 1-2 cts.
JOS. BETTER.
N. B. The Pocket Ditectory will be published in a
few days. dec 22-3t


THE LAW LIBRARY.
TT is the object of the Law Library to furnish the
I profession with the most important British element-
ary treatises upon law, in a form which will render
them far less expensive than works of this description
have hitherto been. It is published in monthly num-
bers, large octavo, of about 200 pages each, upon fine
paper, and with handsome type, at ten dollars per
annum, and is sent carefully secured, by mail, to every
part of the United States. It makes, in a year, feur
large, handsome octavo volumes, of upwards of 600
pages each, and these volumes include works which
would cost, if purchased in the usual foim, from se-
venty to seventy-five dollars per year. From eight to
twelve entire treatises on different branches of law,
are annually given, and great care is taken that all
these treatises shall be standard, and of undoubted
ability and authority.
The undersigned has at all times confidently rested
the claim of his publication to the support of the pro-
fession, upon the comprehensive excellence of the plan
on which it is conducted, and the character and in-
trinsic value of the productions to which it has given
circulation. He is unwilling, however, to omit to
avail himself of the permission, most kindly given, to
publish the following extract from a letter addressed to
him by the Hon. Esek Cowen, of the Supreme Court
of New York:
"I renew my thanks to you for this publication. I
can hardly doubt that the profession must duly appre-
ciate its value, and reciprocate your careic in its conduct
and distribution, by an adequate subscription and
punctual remittances. It is in truth, what it professes
to be, a 'Law Library.' It has already become a manu-
al in almost all the more useful branches of profes-
sional business. I am quite sure it will, if properly
patronized, stand without a rival in the extent and
cheapness with which it will diffuse that kind of in-
struction most sought by the American bar. It keeps
them up with Westminster Hall in those departments
of legal learning wherein it is their ambition and duty
to excel."
Subjoined are a few testimonials, from many, which
the publisher has received from distinguished sources:
From Judge Sergeant.-" The plan of the 'Law
Library is such as to recommend it to the support of
the profession generally in the United States. It is
calculated to enlarge the science of jurisprudence, and
to elevate the character of the profession."
From Hon. John Tayloe Lomax, oj Virginia.-
The references in my digest have been numerous to
the excellent treatises published in the Law Library ;
for the extensive circulation which that periodical me-
rits, and has doubtless attained, has made these au-
thorities, it is presumed, generally accessible through-
out the United States."
"I am surprised that any member of the legal profes-
sion should withhold his subscription to your admi-
rable Law Library."
From Chancellor Kent.--The Law Library is a
work most advantageous to the profession, and I hope
and trust that you will find encouragement to perse-
vere in it."
From the Hon. Ellis Lewis.-"Your publication is
cheap, and of immense value to the profession-"
From the Hon. John M. Clayton, late Senator from
Delaware.-" You are entitled to the thanks of every
member of our profession for the 'Law Library.' "It is
an excellent thing for us."
From the National Gazette-" Mr. John S. Littell
has adopted the only plan by which valuable works
can be brought within the reach of the mass of the
profession, and we speak with confidence of his under-
taking as eminently meriting patronage and support.
The assiduity and experience of the editor of the Law
Library, and the character of the productions to which
it has given circulation, do not need our testimony."
From the Hon. R. Biddle.-"Of the numerous trea-
tises the Law Library has placed within our reach, at
a cheap rate, there are few, if any, which I would not
have procured even at the great price of imported Law
Books."
From Judge Layton-"Your invaluable publica-
tion should grace the shelves of every lawyer's li-
brary."
Subscriptions for the Law Library may commence
with July or with October, 1840, or with January,
1841. Terms-payment for oneyear, in advance, $10.
JOHN S. LITTELL,
Law Bookseller and Publisher,
dec 22-tf No. 23, Minor st., Philadelphia.
THOMAS H. BOWEN, Merchant Tailor, one
door east of Brown's Hotel, Pennsylvania ave-
nue, has received his winter supply of goods, consisting
in part, of blue, black, and fancy-colored cloths, blue,
black, and gray diamond beavers and double-milled
cloths for frocks and overcoats; cassimeres, plain and
fancy-colored; merino and silk vestings, new patterns;
also, stocks, handkerchiefs, woollen, silk, linen, and
buckskin shirts, suspenders, gloves, &c. All of which
he respectfully invites Members of Congress, his
friends, and the Public generally, to call and examine.
He has also received the French and English pat-
tern cards of Fashion forthe Fall and Winter.
dee 17-2wif

SNULFF, TOBRA.('UI .; FAN(Y STORE,
Pennsylvania Avenue.
Between Gadsby's Hotel and the Billiard Saloon,
WASHINGTON CITY, D. C.

THE subscriber takes this method of informing his
friends, and the public in general, that he has purchas-
ed of Mr. LEwis JOHNSON the stock of his long-estab-
lished Snuff, Tobacco and Fancy Store, and removed
the same to the NEW STORE East of Gadsby's Hotel,
where he has opened, in addition to the stock on hand,
a supply of articles recently selected in Baltimore,
Philadelphia, and New York.
The subscriber hopes, by a strict attention to busi-
ness, and care to please all those who may favor him
with a call, to merit a share of his friends' and the pub-
lic patronage. JAMES P. McKEAN,
dec 10-7t Successor of L. JOHNSON.
NEW STORE-B. H. SINNOTT & CO.
Merchant Tailors, corner of Sixth street and
Pennsylvania avenue, between Gadsby's and Brown's
Hotels, beg leave to inform Members of Congress,
their friends and the Public, that they have just re-
ceived from New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore,
a choice and well selected assortment of goods in their
line of business, embracing, in part, Cloths, Cassi-
meres, and Vestings, newest patterns, and by the la-
test arrivals from Europe. They also have every fan-
cy article of gentlemen's wear. And as they are pre-
pared to make up their goods to order, and in a style
not to be surpassed, they respectfully solicit a share of
public patronage, dec 22-3w
N EW BOOKS for Youth of all ages. Just pub-
lished and this day received for sale by F. TAY-
LOR.
Miss Leslie's Birthday Stories.
The Children's Fireside Book, translated from the
French of Bergwin, author of the celebrated Chil-
dren's Mind."
The Children's Companion, by the same author.
The Juvenile Forget-Me-Not, a Souvenir foryouth
for 1841.
Sowing and Reaping, or what will come of it, by
Mary Howit, London, i841.
Strive and Thrive; by Mary Howit, London, 1840.
hope on, Hope ever, or the Boyhood of Feliv Law;
by Mary Howit, London, 1840.
The Fairy Gift, a collection of New Dairy Tales,
1840, with 200 engravings.
The Girls Week Day, published by the London
Religious Tract Society.
Stories for 1841, illustrated with many engravings.
The Youths' Keepsake, a Juvenile Souvenir, for
1841.
Stories and Rhymes for 1841.
New editions of San~ord Merton, of Evenings as
Home, of Parent's Assistant, of Robinson Crusoe,
each published in the small quarto size, with very nu-
merous eng ravings.
All the Peter Parley Books, all the Rollo Books,
and a variety of several hundred other esteemed
works for youth.
Colored Toy Books in great variety, rdec 24

POKOMOKE RIVER LOTTERY OF
DELAWARE.
Class No. 48.


To be drawn To-day, December 24, 1840.
4 prizes of $10,000 4 prizes of $2,000
4 prizes of 3,0001 50 prizes of 1,000
50 prizes of $500, &c.
Whole Tickets $10-shares in proportion.
Apply to
JAS. PHALEN & CO. Managers,
Penn. Avenue, near 4 1-2 street.
The Prairies on fire !! $15,000, the capital prize in
a whole ticket, combination numbers 25, 29, 31, was
sold at the Managers Office, in the Fauquier and
Alexandria Turnpike Road Lottery on Friday, Dec.
18, 1840. Walk up and try your luck.
JAS. PHALEN & CO. Managers,
dec24-lt Penn. Avenue, near 4 1-2 street.
BANK OF THE METROPOLIS,
December 23, 1840.
T HIS Bank will not be opened on the 25th inst.
and on the 1st January, (Christmas and New
Years' days )
Persons having notes payable at this Bank on those
days, will be pleased to attend to them the days pre-
vious.
dec24tjl R. SMITH, Cashier.


SECOND SESSION.

IN SENATE.
TUESDAY, DEC. 22, 1840.
CHARTER O WASHiNGTON.
Mr. NORVELL brought in a bill to amend and
continue in force the act chartering the city of Wash-
ilconn ii, a rndmovedl that it be referred to a select 0corn-


He said it was he who selected tie Committee for tha
District, though they were averse to him in politics,
and he inquired if the Senator from New Jersey cen-
sured him for that selection.
Mr. SOUTHARD. I praised him for doing it
Aell, but observed that it was extraordinary.
Mr. KING further remarked that this committee
ws d, .;. rndl,t composed of gentlemen near the Dis-
trict, and who were thought to be friendly to it, without
mny regard to their politics. Mr. K. also alluded to
11 niv rur .i- i, .iuLilr..1 -1 .1...... t 1 ,in, h;.. and his col-
00 u .,.'*.ui[il 'I L._I l,- I tl, l iI rntlem en were
satisfied that there would now remain no censure on
his point against the select committee, Mr. K. hoped
he Senator from Michigan would withdraw his mo-
ion, and let the subject go to the Committee for the
district.
Mr. NORVELL still objecting,
Mr. CLAY seconded the request of his colleague,
nd
Mr. NORVELL withdrew his motion.
The subject was then referred to the Committee for
he District of Columbia.
MISCELLANEOUS BUSINESS.
FRENCH SPOLIATIONS.
Mr. BUCHANAN presented a memorial from cer-
ain citizens of Pennsylvania, in the claims of in-
emnity for Fiench Spoliation prior to 1800, urging
n immediate settlement by the Government.
CHARTER OF GEORGETOWN, D. C.
Mr. NORVELL presented a petition from certain
citizens of Georgetown, D. C., praying for such an
amendment of their charter as that all white citizens
ho may have resided in said town one year prior
o an election of municipal officers may be allowed to
ote.
CESSION OF THE PUBLIC LANDS.
Mr. CALHOUN introduced, on leave, his bill to
ede the public lands within the limits of the new
states, on certain conditions therein mentioned.
[This is, in substance, the same proposition
which, when first broached by Mr. Calhoun,
as denounced on the floor of the Senate, by a
distinguished Wt .-1,.v t ".l.'- i. ,,.,i, as the
highest bid that ever was made for the Presi-
ency!"]
On motion of Mr. RUGGLES,
Resolved, That the Committee on Conrmmerce be in-
truct"d to inquire into the expediency of interdicting
y law the allowance of salvage to the officers and
rows of revenue cutters and of public armed vessels
employed by the Government in ,ji.. li,,. relief to
merchant vessels during inclement seasons and at otber
mes.
On motion of Mr. PORTER,
Resolved, That the President of the United States
e requested to transmit to the Senate any informa-
on in his possession relative to the survey directed
y the act of 12th June, 1838, entitled An act to
certain and designate the boundary line between
e State of Michigan and the Territory of Wiskon-
an."
On motion of Mr. CLAY, of Alabama,
Resolved, That the Committee on the Post Office
nd Post Roads be instructed to inquire into the ex-
ediency of making a just allowance to Stokes & Pur-
am, mail contractors on the route from Tuscaloosa to
ourtland, in Alabama, for the period between the 1st
f March and the 1st of June, 1839, during which
ne third of their compensation was withheld.
The bills enumerated yesterday as having been or-
ered to be engrossed, were severally read a third time,
nd passed.
The resolution introduced by Mr. Norvell, r i ,iih-,
the removal of the chandelier, was taken up, and,
after a short debate, somewhat playful in its character,
which Messrs. Tappan, Norvell, Hubbard, and
others participated, the resolution was ordered to lie on
e table.
And the Senate adjourned.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
TUESDAY, Dec. 22d, 1840.
The Journal having been read-
Mr. STANLY rose and said that he wished to cor-
ct an error into which the gentleman from Indiana
r. Davis) had fallen, in the remarks submitted by
im yesterday on the motion to reconsider the vote by
which the bill introduced by a gentleman from N,.
ork, (Mr. Hand) to amend the laws on the subject
f naturalization, had been referred to the Committee
the Judiciary.
The gentleman from Indiana had said, according to
e published statement of his remarks, that the Com-
itee on the Judiciary, at a former session, had re-
sd to report this bill .
1v_ ... .t.o nN 1-^1 -,. n-ii-3 the seveyal neia
I i- t uemIidiiiile., 0.1 1-U. ..arties, and he found
,t It ..mural. .. i rt reul r .J to report the bill;
t that they had asked to be discharged from its con-
eration, which had been postponed, as many other
atters had been, from want of tone alone. He made
is statement in justice to members of the committee
both parties
The SPEAKER laid before the House sundry com-
nications:
1. From the Secretary of the Navy, accompanied
th a list of officers on furlough or leave of absence,
wing the names of the officers, with the cause of
enee, the time absent, the expiration of furlough,
time those on furlough or leave have served at sea,
any one time for the last twenty years, and how
n their furloughs have been renewed, &c. Laid
the table, and ordered to be printed.
rom this return it appears there are on leave or
lough 1 commander, 32 lieutenants, 4 surgeons, 7
instant surgeons, 9 pursers, 13 passed midshipmen;
al66
II. From the Secretary of War, with a report from
Commissioner of Pensions, (..ii.,,i'i tne infor-
tion which is required to be laid before t',.r.,..... ,
11 session by the joint resolution of the '-.':n, i ,i,
30, in relation to pensioners, Revolutionary, invalid
otherwise, who shall have made application for pen-
nsor an increase of pensions,and who,in his opinion,
ght to be provided for, but whose cases may not be
braced by the laws. Laid on the table, and ordered
be printed.
111. From the Clerk of the House, as follows:
the Hon. R. M. T. HUNTER, Spe-,ker, &c.
SIR : In obedience to thie further uder of the House,
ssed December 21,1840, That said report be re-
mmitted to the Clerk, with instructions further to
ort by what authority, on what vouchers, and
ough whom, he paid to E. Blkly .I I .,
Base Newcomb the sum of $416, and to I.ieorge
wry the sum of $104, for services rendered by them
taking depositions in the case of the contested elec-
in between Messrs. Ingersoll and Naylor, as report-
in Doe. 7 ; by what authority, and on what vouch-
he sent to Mr. Naylor money to pay his witnesses,
d which that gentleman says he returned ; whether
e said vouchers give the names and time of attend-
cc of the said witnesses, in whose hand-writing it
a filed, and what has become of the same," I beg
yve to report-
That the account presented by E. Bulkley for ser-
es as Clerk, &c. amounted to .-i*m 50. On the
e of this account was an order signed by the chair-
n of the Committee on Accounts to i..\ i,,.
d Bulkley. The account presented by 1; .-, .\,,
nib for services as commissioner, &c. amounted to
20. By a similar order written on the face of the
pr, I was directed to pay $416. The account of
iorge Lowry, as doorkeeper, ii,,t,,,..i to $1014, not
ing reduced by the committee, was directed to be
id by a verbal order. In like manner the sum al-
ed for payment of witnesses on behalf of Mr.
ylor, amounting to $780 76, was also directed ta
paid by verbal order, which is the usuatl mode prac-
ed by the committee when accounts are clear and
disputed.
Tle vouchers give the names and times of attend-
ee of witnesses; but having no acquaintance with
o handwriting in which they are drawn, 1 herewith
mmunicate the original papers (Nos. 366, 356) for
e use of the House.


The various sums above mentioned, together with
e other of $104 for Peter Lewis, were enclosed as
arate drafts to the Hon. Chas. Naylor, Philadel-
ia, to be paid out to the respective claimants, as will
pear from the letter of the accounting clerk herewith
minunicated and marked A.
In Mr. Naylor's answer to this letter, lie returned
80 76, the sum allowed for witnesses, and also the
ft for $104 in favor of Peter Lewis, stating that he
I not feel authorized to receive and pay out the same,
will more fully i.ppear from his letter; a copy of
ich is herewith communicated and marked B.
The sum of$11l 50, returned by Mr. Ingersoll, as
ted in the former report, and t -I 76, returned by
r. Naylor, ha-e been credited t,'. iot contingent fund
this House.
All which is respectfully submitted.
HUGH A. GARLAND,
Clerk of House of Reps. United States.
r. FLOYD moved that this communication be
erred to the Committee on Accounts, who have
der consideration the Clerk's communication of yes-
day upon the same subject.
r. SMITH, of Connecticut, thought the report
ght to be referred to the Committee on Public Ex-
ditures, or to a select committee, as it was the act
the Committee on Accounts that was under inves-










ugattoti. lie moved that the matter be referred to the
Committee onPublic Expenditures.
Mr. FLOYD explained, and showed the propriety
of the reference to the Committee on Accounts.
The question was then put on the reference to the
Committee on Accounts, and carried.
PRESENTATIONS OF PETITIONS.
The States and Territories were then called, and
petitions were presented, as follows:
From Florida-By Mr. Downing.
From Arkansas-By Mr. Cross.
From Alabama-By Messrs. Crabb and Delclet.
From Kentucky-By Mr. Underwood.
From North Carolina-By Mr. Deberry.1
From Virginia-By Mr. Rives.
From Maryland-By Mr. Dennis.
From New York-By Messrs. Vanderpoel, Wag-
ner, Hoffman, Curtis, M..ri.ar,, and Leonard.
From Connecticut- Ei MNr Osborne.
From Massachusetts-By Mr. Reed.
From Maine-By Mr. Smith.
Among the petitions, &c., presented to-day, we are
enabled by the politeness of the gentlemen presenting
them to notice the following only:
By Mr. MORGAN: The petition of John Rich-
ardson and other citizens of Cayuga county, New
York, asking for the passage of a general bankrupt
law.
By Mr. P. J. WAGNER: The petition of Daniel
Cady and 252 others, inhabitants of Fulton county,
New York, praying for a law to establish a uniform
systemN of bankruptcy.
By Mr. DENNIS: The petition of John Cullen
and others, asking the establishment of a post route
from Princess Anne, via Back creek, to Cullen's
Store, in Somerset county, Maryland.
By Mr. GRINNELL: Memorial of Paul Bab-
cock and 1190 others citizens of New York, praying
for the passage of a bankrupt bill.
Also, a memorial of James Mifflin and 165 citizens
of New York, asking for the passage of a bankrupt
bill.
REPORTS FROR COMMITTEES.
Mr. CASEY, from the Committee on the Public
Lands, reported a bill for the relief of the owners of
bounty land warrants granted for military services in
the late war between the United States and Great
Britain; which was twice read, and committed for to-
morrow.
Mr. LINCOLN, from the same committee, reported
a bill granting a right of pre-emption to certain lots in
the town of Penrysburg, in the State of Ohio; which
was twice read, and committed for to-morrow.
Mr. WM. COST JOHNSON, from the Com-
mittee for the District of Columbia, reported two
bills, viz.
A bill making temporary provision for lunatics in
the District of Columbia; and
- A bill to revive and continue the corpoi ate existence
of certain banks in the District of Columbia.
These bills were severally twice read, and corm'nitted
to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of
the Union.
Mr. Hall, from the Committee on Revolutionary
Claims, reported adversely on the case of Vincent
Voss; which was laid on the table.
Mr. TALIAFERRO, from the same committee,
reported a bill for the payment of the seven years'
half-pay due to the heirs of Lieut. Jonathan Dye;
which was twice read, and committed for to-morrow.
NAVY PENSION FUND.
Mr. F. THOMAS, from the Committee on Naval
Affairs, reported a bill concerning Navy pensions and
half pay.
Mr. ADAMS inquired if the bill contained an ap-
propriation for the benefit of the Navy Pension Fund.
Mr. THOMAS answered that it did; that there
was an item in it appropriating upwards of $151,000
for the benefit of that fund; and that he contemplated
calling up the bill for consideration at an early day.
The bill was twice read, and committed to the Com-
mittee of the Whole House on the state of the
Union.
Mr. TALIAFERRO, from the Committee on
Revolutionary Pensions, reported two bills viz.
A bill for the relief of John England, and a bill for
the relief of James Dealty; which were twice read,
and committed for to-morrow.
Mr. ANDREWS, from the Committee on Revo-
lutionary Pensions, reported a bill for the relief of
Daniel Strong; twice read, and Committed for to-
Imoirow.
Mr. EDWARD DAVIES, from the same com-
mittee, reported against the cases of Margaret and
Mary Daring ; which were laid on the table.
Mr. HARD, from the same committee, reported
against the petition of John Grigsby; laid on the
table.
Mr. STANLY, from the Committee on Fxpen-
ditures on the Public Buildmings, reported the follow-
ing resolution, which was readarnd adopted:
Resolved, That the reports of the Committee on
Expenditures on the Public Buildings relating to the
Branch Mint at Charlotte, N. C. be printed.
Mr. NAYLOR'S CONTESTED ELECTION.
Mr. RIVES moved to take up the report of the
Committee on Elections, made at the last session, on
the contested election between Mr. NAYLOR and Mr.
INGERSOLL, of Penn., for the purpose of fixing a day
for the consideration of that case, and proposed that to-
morrow be assigned for that purpose.
After some conversation between Messrs. RIVES,
CRABB, FILLMORE, NAYLOR, GARLAND,
and STANLY,
Mr. RIVES varied his motion to the first Tuesday
in January, in which form the motion was agreed to.
CUMBERLAND ROAD AND PUBLIC LANDS.
The following resolution, moved by Mr. RARIDEN
on the 17th instant, came up in its order for consider-
ation:
Resolved, That the Committee on Public Lands
be instructed to inquire into the expediency of setting
apait three hundred thousand dollars per annum of
the proceeds of the public lands for the continuation of
the Cumberland Road in Ohio to its western termi-
nation, to be constructed in a continuous line from
East to West, and of distributing the residue of the
proceeds among the several States upon the principle
of what is called Mr. Clay's land bill taking the cen-
sus of 1840 as the basis of the distribution.
When this question was under consideration on the
17th instant, the question pending was that it lie on
the table, and that question being put by yeas and nays,
it passed in the affirmative, as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Alford, Anderson, Atherton,
Banks, Beatty, Beirne, Blackwell, Burke, S. H. But-
ler, W. 0. Butler, William B. Campbell, Carroll,
Clifford, Coles, Connor, Mark A. Cooper, William
B. Cooper, Crabb, Ctaig, Crary, Davee, Edward Da-
vies, Johu Davis, Dawson, Deberry, Dickerson,
Dellet, Doan, Doig, Duncan, Earl, Eastman, Ely,
Fine, Fisher, Fletcher, Floyd, Galbraith, Gailand,
Gerry, Goggin, Griffin, Habersham, Hand, Hawes,
Hawkins, Hill, of Va., Hill, of North Carolina, Hil-
len, Hopkins, Jackson, Jameson, Joseph Johnson,
Cave Johnson, Nathaniel Jones, John W. Jones,
Keim, Kemble, Kille, Lewis, Lowell, MeCartv, Mc-
Clellan, McClure, McCulloch, McKay, M'allory,
Marchand, Medill, Miller, Montanya, Sam'l W. Mor-
ris, Newhard, Nisbet, Parmenter, Paynter, Pickens,
Prentiss, Rayner, Rives, E. Rogers, Ryall, Shaw,
Shepard, J. Smith, Starkweather, Strong, Sumter,
Sweeny, Taliafirro, Taylor, F. Thomas, Waddy
Thompson, Jacob Thompson, Turney, Vanderpoel,
Vroom, D. D. Wagener, Warren, Watterson, Jared
W. Williams, Henry Williams, L. Williams, J. L.
Williams, Wise- 105.
NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Andrews, Barnard,
Boardman, Bond, Botts, Brackenridge, Briggs, Brock-
way, Calhoun, Carr, Carter Casey, Clark, Cranston,
Crockett, Curtis, Cushing, Dana, John W. Davis, G.
Davis, Dennis, Doe, Everett, Fillmore, Gentry, Gid-
dings, Goode, Granger, Green, Haimmond, Win. S.
Hastings, J. Hastings, Henry, Hunt, James, Charles
Johnston, W. C. Johnson, Kempshall, Lane, Leonard,
Lincoln, Marvin, Mason, Mitchell, Monroe, Moore,
Morgan, C. Morris. Moirow, Nay lr, O"le, Osborne,
Palen, Parrish, Peck, Pope, Proffit, Randall, Rarideu,
Reed, Reynoods, Ridgway, Russell, Saltonstall, Si-
mounton, Slade, Truman Smith, Thos. Smith, Stanly,
Stuart, Swearingen, J. B. Thon.pson, Tillinghast,
'j oland, Triplett, Trumbull, Petel J Wagner, John
White, Wick, T. W. Williams, Winthrop-82.
And so the resolution was laid on the table.


Mr. DAVIS, of Indiana, moved the following re-
solution, which was laid over, under the rule, for one
day:
Resolved, That 5,000 copies of the Geological report
made at the last session of Congress by the Commis-
stonerof the General Land office be printed, and the
r111P. ir"i. il', engraved, for the use of the members of
th,.. H .1 Ie
Mr. PROFFIT, of Indiana, moved the following:
Resolved, That the Committee of Ways and Means
be instructed to inquire into the expediency of report-
ing a bill providing for the expenditure of $150,000 in
each of the States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, dur-
ing the year 1841, on the Cumberland road."
Mr. PROFFIT'r would say a word or two, he said, as
it might possibly have a good effect upon this House,
and upon the portion of country which he in part re-
presented. In Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, all the pub-
lic implements, steamboats, and instruments, employed
in the construction of the public works, had been or-
dered to be sold under instructions from the General
Government. He saw, also, that, on the lake border,


in Ohio, Indiana, Illinoi, Michigan, and Wiiskonsa,,,
the implements and instruments had also been directed
lobe sold by the authority of the United States. He
did not wish to create any excitement, prejudice, or
sectional feeling; but he called on the House and
country to take notice of whlit ie said,, that the time
would soon come, unless a different cour,-e of proceed-
ing were adopted, when the ..jii States and Territo-
ries of the West, in spite of all theii efforts to keep
out sectional fr;,, 'vould be constrained to make
their weight 1. lit .,i, -,il- floor. They had asked a fair
distribution of tihe expenditures and proceeds of the
General Government. During the last year, not one
dollar had been expended in Ohio, Indiana, Illinois,
Michigan, Missouri, Arkansas, Iowa, or Wiskonsan.
Every day something was neard about Southern rights,
feelings, and interests. He saw, also, by the records,
that appropriations had been made for the Berwick
branch of the Piscataqua river.- He asked, why
was it that the West, which was an empire it itself,
was to be trampled on in this way 1 Here, a delibe-
rate vote had been given that this great work of the
Cumberland road should be abandoned. TI... ,. ;-hl
of the West had .,I ,,.I. 1-,,n, fIt-in a :11,j,,.1 ..1
23,000 from one 'ti ,,., l i, ir t..n-, another, and 13,000
from a third; and in the next Presidential contest,
gentlemen would see half a million of votes poured
down to decide these matters. And, if something was
not done, lie would go home andi ask his people whe-
ther they would not force both sections of country to
do justice to them.
Mr. P. alluded, amongst other things, to the forty
thousand Indian warriors congregated on the borders
of Arkansas, and to the absenceofposts ofdefence. It
might become necessary for a great Western convention
to assemble at some central point, in order to compel
justice to be done to them. Would the House force
such a step upon the West? Whenever the South
had asked an appropriation of the public funds, the
West had come boldly forward and voted for it. So
with the North; and yet the West might ask in vain.
One prediction he would make, and he assured gen-
tlemen they would see it verified. They would wit-
ness an agitation, a union, a determination on the
part of the West, which no power on this floor could
resist.
Mr. P. alluded to the increased representation which
the Western States would have under the new census,
and the still greater increase in 1852; when, he said,
the West would teach the nation a lesson which it
had long been wanting, and would compel it to do
justice.
He desired that the vote on this resolution might be
considered as a test vote as regarded the Cumberland
Road. If the work was to be abandoned, let the peo-
ple of the West know it.
Mr. W. COST JOHNSON (round whom the
members crowded so thickly as to render it very diffi-
cult for the Reporter to know what was going on) of-
fered an amendment to the resolution, which was as
follows:
"And also $80,000 for that part of the Cumberland
road in Ma'yland, between Rockville and the Mono-
cacy river."
Mr. J. was then understood to say that he did not
know how often this question had been pressed at the
last session of Congress, nor how often it had been in-
troduced at this. His object in rising was to present
the amendment he had proposed, and to say to gentle-
men of the West that, in all their efforts to procure the
continuation of this road, they had invariably opposed
the most important part of it, namely, that which lay
between Rockville and Fredericktown, in Maryland.
[Much laughter.]
The gentleman from Indiana (Mr. Proffit) had
hinted at nullification. He (Mr. J.) had heretofore
heard of nullifying laws already passed : but the gen-
tleman from Indiana went further than this-he was
for forming a Western Confederacy because Congress
would not pass laws. [Laughter.] He(Mr. J.)com-
mended the i. .ll' .... patriotism in the efforts he
was making in, t., |I|' uf this road, but submitted to
him whether it would not be better to accept this
amendment as a part of his own proposition.
Mr. PROFFITr said he would do so, if the gentle-
man would so modify it as to instruct the Committee
of Ways and Means to inquire into the expediency of
the proceeding.
Mr. W. C. JOHNSON having consented so to

modify his amendment-
Mr. PROFFIT accepted the amendment as a mo-
dification of his own proposition.
And the question being on the adoption of the reso-
lution as modified-
Mr. HUBBARD said he supposed the gentleman
from Indiana (Mr. Proffit) spoke by authority from
the whole Western country. He (Mr. H.) spoke only
for his particular district, and he would say, that if the
gentlemen from the West must have their money, the
most easy way would be not to aid in getting up a ta-
riff, but to make their pork and whiskey, and give it in
exchange for cotton. This would be a fair bargain.
If gentlemen wanted money, let them come and trade
fior it. They could bent his (Mr. H's) people at trad-
ing much better than they could the Yankees. Let
them, then, bring on their products and make a fair
swap; they would do more by this than by calling
conventions or levying armies.
The yeas and nays were ordered on the resolution;
and the question was about to be put, when
Mr. W ISE moved that the resolution do lie on the
table, and the yeas and nays were taken on this mo-
tion, and resulted as follows;:
YEAS-Messrs. Alford, J. Allen, Atherton, Banks,
Beatty, Beirne, Blackwell, Botts, Boyd, A. V. Blown,
A. G. Brown, Burke, S. H. Butler, William 0. But-
ler, Win. B. Campbell, Carroll, Carter, Clifford, Coles,
Connor, Mark A. Cooper, Win. R. Cooper, Crabb,
Craig, E. Davies, J. Davis, Dawson, Deberry, Del-
let, Doig, Earl, Eastman, Fine, Fisher, Floyd,Garland,
Gerry, Goggin, Griffin, Habersham, Hawes, Haw-
kins, John Hill, of Virginia, Hill, ofN. C., Hopkins,
Hubbard, Jackson, Joseph Johnston, Cave Johnson,
Nathaniel Jones, J. W. Jones, Keim, Kemble, Kille,
Lewis, Lowell, McCarty, McClellan, McClure, Mc-
Culloch, McKay, Marchand, Miller, Montanya, S.
W. Morris, Nisbet, Parmenter, Parris, Pickens,
Prentiss, Rayner, Rives, E. Rogers, Ryall, Shaw,
Shepard, John Smith, Stanly, Strong, Sumter, Talia-
ferro, Waddy Thompson, J. Thompson, Turney,
Vanderpoel, Vroom, D. D. Wagener, Warren, Wat-
terson, Jared W. Williams, Henry Williams, Lewis
Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Wise-94.
NAYS-Messrs.Adams, John WV. Allen, Andrews,
Baker, Barnard, Boardman, Bond, Brewster, Briggs,
Brockway, Calhoun, Carr, Cascy, Chittenden, Clark,
Cranston, Crockett, Cross, Curtis, Gushing, Dana,
J. W. Davis, Garret Davis, Dennis, Doan, Doe, Dun-
can, Edwards, Everett, Fillmore, Galbraith, Gentry,
Giddings, Goode, Granger, Green, Hammond, W.
S. Hasting' J. Htetipn., Henry, Hook, Hunt, Jamos,
Jameson, 1, ,t, ., Johnson, Wn. C. Johnson,
Kemnpshall, Lane, Lincoln, Marvin, Mason, Medill,
Mitcheli, Monroe, Morgan, C. Morris, Morrow, Nay-
lor, Nwhard, Ogle, Osborne, Palen, Parrish, Payn-
ter, Peck, Pope, Proffit, Randall, Rariden, Reynolds,
I:.-I, .*, Russell, Saltonstall, Sienonton, Truman
-,,.ihi, I'hos. Smith, Stuart, Swearingen, Sweeny,
Talor,. John B. Thompson, Tillinghast, Toland,
Tri-plett, Trunibull, P. J. Wagner, Weller, John
White, Wick, Thomas W. Williams, Winthrop-92.
And so the resolution was laid on the table.
The i-.ii.., ;.: r. solution, moved by Mr. MORGAN
on the l T,, ,h.t ,',i, came up, in its order, for conside-
ration :
Resolved, That the Postmaster General be re-
quested to communicate to this House a state-
ment of thIe ,amount expended by the Post Office
Department for special agents employed by the De-
partmnent ; the names of the agents employed; the
sum paid to each, and for what service rendered.
The resolution was read and agreed to.
The following resolutions, nroved by Mr. BOTTS on
the 17th inst. came up for consideration:
1. Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury
be directed to report to this House the amount of
Treasury notes and drafts that have been issued and
drawn since the 1st of January, 1840, with the respec-
tive dates at which such notes and drafts have been is-
sued and drawn ; together with the names of the per-
sons to whom or in whose favor and for whose bene-
fit such drafts have been drawn, and the service, con-
sideration, or object for which they have been drawn.
2. Resolved, That he be directed to report at what


time or times, and what amount of Treasury notes, if
any, have been deposited with any of the banks, and, if
any, which of such banks, and at what time, what
amount, and what description of funds, if any, were
received from the banks in which such deposits were
made; and whether said money was left in deposit in
said banks, or transferred to the Independent or sub-
Treasury as directed by law, and at what time the in-
terest commenced on the notes thus deposited.
The resolutions were read, and adopted.
The following resolution, moved by Mr. Dawson
on the 17th instant, came up, in older, bfor considera-
tion:
Resolved, That the Secretary of War be, and he is
hereby, requested to communicate to this House the
number of clain-s which have been presented to that
Department for horses, &c. lost in the several cam-
paigns in Florida against the Seminole IWdians; how
many have been allowed and paid; and the reasons
why -h., -'... have not been paid. And that the Se-
cretar) ...i' WV..r be also requested to recommend such
amendments to the laws regulating such claims as he
may deem necessary to secure to the soldiers a remu-
neration for the losses thus sustained in the service of
the country.
On motion of Mr. FILLMORE, the word recom-
mend was struck out and the word state substituted in
its place.


And be iiU further resolved, That similar informa-
tion be laid before this House; or the same information
in relation to the claims growing out of the Black
Hawk war."
Mr. WM. COST JOHNSON moved further to
amend by striking out that part of the resolution
which calls on the Secretary of Wai to state such
amendments as he thinks the law referred to in the re-
solution requires.
Upon this proposition a discussion aiose, in which
Messrs. W. C. JOHNSON, WISE, and McKAY
advocated the amendment; and it was opposed by
Messrs. TURNEY, DAWSON, and COOPER, of
Georgia.
Mr. REYNOLDS moved the previous question;
which was sustained, and
The vote was then taken on the amendment moved
by Mr. Win. Cost Johnson, and carried.
And the resolution as thus amended was adopted.
The resolutions moved by Mr. Barnard on the 17th
instant, calling on the Secretary of the Treasury for
a statement of the aggregate revenue which accrued to
the Government from customs, from lands, and under
the head of what is usually denominated miscella-
neous," in the years 1837, '38, '39, and '40, &c. came
up in order for consideration.
Mr. BARNARD said he wished to make some re-
marks on these resolutions; that he was prepared to do
it now, or, if the House preferred, he would postpone
them till to-morrow: and, to take the sense of the
House, he woald move an adjournment.
Which motion was carried, and the House ad-
journed.

THE MADISONIAN.

WASHINGTON CITY.

THURSDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1840.

IN THOSE THINGS WHICH ARE ESSENTIAL LET THERE
BE UNITY-IN NON-ESSENTIALS, LIBERTY; AND IN ALL
THINGS CHARITY.-Augustin.

CHRISTMAS.
Festivals, whether religious or political, have at all
times, exerted a vast influence over the morals and the
destinies of nations. While we'continue to celebrate
the birth day of our Independence, or the festival of
our Thanksgiving to God for the bounties of His Pro-.
vidence, we shall remain a nation of freemen, and of
Christians; and freedom wherever it exists is but the
hand-maid of Christianity.
We shall not dole out a homily on this subject, but
simply make the passing remark, that the two great
rival sects of Christians in this country, keep this fes-
tival in a different manner; while the one solemnizes
it alone by religious services, the other, in addition,
celebrates it after the manner of the country from
which it was derived, in edible and potable ceremo-
nies," which seem (to borrow the language of an Eng-
lish author,) "to have survived all the others, or con-
stitute the sole portions that are observed with any of
the ancient zeal."
To the hilarity of this festival, disconnected from
religion, with which its revelry does not seem alto-
gether consistent, we are far from raising any objec-
tion, though the peculiar origin of the custom should
not, it would seem, make it very flattering to those of
our own countrymen who engage in third mode of cele-
bration. For, according to the same author, "ourold
Christmas gambols and tumultuous revelies, like the
Saturnalia, from which they were borrowed, were
destined to reconcile the people to their habitual
wretchedness and degradation by a short season of
riot! They derived their great attraction from the
poverty and privation of the inferior classes, who
merely tasted fresh meat in summer, while in winter,
their best fare was salted ling and other coarse fish,
which even in noblemen's families was the ordinary
diet of the servants. The greater the hardships and
oppression of life, the more intense is the delight of
their transient forgetfulness, whether it proceed from
the drunkenness of the bowl, or the intoxication of
the holiday mirth."
One of the ancient rites of this festival was this,
viz. "on the vigil, or preceding eve of Christmas, it
was customary to light up candles ..f an an..,.m.,.,n
size, and lay a log of wood upon ih.7 flt, clkld
"Yule-log, to illuminate the house, and, as it were,
turn night into day."
This fashion was thus sung by the old and favorite
poet Herrick:
CEREMONIES FOR CHRISTMAS.
Come bring with a noise, my merry, merry boys
A Christmas log to the firing,
For my good dame she-bids ye all go free,
And drink to your hearts' desiring.
With the last years brand-light the new block, and
For good success in his spending
.Our psaltries play-that sweet luck may
Come while the log is teending.
Drink now the strong beare, cut the white loaf here,
The while the meet is shredding,
For the rare mince-pie, and the plums stand by,
To fill the paste that's a kneeding.
Another merry Christmas song tells us that,
"Tis the season for courting, for weddings, and cake,
For turkies, for puddings, and all the good things;
For eating and drinking for happiness' sake,
And soaring with Poets on fancy's bright wings."
"Boz," in one of his sketches, has given us a very
pleasant chapter on this subject, and commends a ra-
tional observance of it, as doing more to awaken our
sympathies for our neighbors, and "to perpetuate their


To 1 le top of the porch I to the top of the wall!
Now, dash away, dash away, dash away all !"
As leaves that before the wild hurricane fly,
When they meet with an obstacle, mount to the sky,
So, up to the house-top the r...*r, r' ih, tl. a
With the sleigh full of toys- ,i.! Sit _N. i. I, too.
And'then in a twinkling I heard on the roof
The prancing and pawing of each little hoof.
As I drew in my head, and was turning around,
Down the chimney St. Nicholas came with a bound.
He was dressed all in fur, fionom his head to his foot,
And his clothes were all tarnished with ashes and
soot;
A bundle of toys he had flung on his back,
And he looked like a pedlar just opening his pack.
His eyes-how they twinkled! his dimples, how
merry !
His cheeks were like roses, his nose like a cherry;
His droll little mouth was drawn up like a bow;
And the beard on his chin was as white as the snow.
The stump of a pipe he held tight in his teeth,
And the smoke it encircled his head like a wreath.
He had a broad face and a little round belly,
Thatshook, when he laughed, like a bowl full ofjelly.
He was chubby and plump; a tight jolly old elf;
And II1 ,'. .1 ,,t In nr, I saw him, in spite of myself.
A wink i. ti,, ,. .,m..] a twist of his head,
Soon gave me to know I had nothing to dread.
He spoke not a woid but went straight to his work,
And filled all the stockings: then turned with a jerk,
And laying his finger aside of his nose,
He sprung to his sleigh, to his team gave a whistle,
And way they all flew like the down of a thistle,
But I heard him exclaim, ere he drove out of sight,
"Happy Christmas to all, and to all a good night!"

Hon. J. J. CRITTENDEN has been re-elected
Senator in Congress from the State of Ken-
tucky for six years from the 4th of March next.

Messrs. WALTER COLTON and CEPHAS G. CHILDS,
have become the proprietors and publishers of the Phi-
ladelphia North American.

The Potomac is frozen over-the ice extending be-
low Alexandria.
The harbor of Baltimore and the Patapsaco river
arc entirely clear of ice.

The article on the first page entitled "Crackerisms,"
is from the N. Y. Spirit of the Times.

To give all connected with this establishment an
opportunity to partake of the festivities of Christmas,
the usual publication of the tri-weekly edition of this
paper on Saturday will be omitted.

Among the publications appropriate for Christmas
and New Year's presents, is a little volume, just pub-
lished, and for sale at Mr. Farnham's, called THE
LITERARY AMERANTH, or Prose and Poetry. By N.
C. Brooks." It is neatly bound, and embellished with
eight engravings, among which are, "The Fairy Isle;',
"Hungarian Princess;" "The Tight Shoe;" The
Laocoon;" Venus;" and portrait of the author of
the literary contents. Among the number of articles
is a prize tale, called The Power of Truth;" and a
prize poem, "The South Sea Islander."

Correspondence efthe IMadisontan.

ACCIDENT ON THE RAIL-ROAD AT
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
HARTFORD, CT., Dec. 19.
DEAR SIR : I have just heard of a most distressing
accident on the railroad at Springfield, by which seve-
ral valuable lives were destroyed. In descending the
inclined plane just before entering the village of
Springfield, the train of cars from Boston, which came
in last evening, became unmanagable, on account of
frost on the rails, and was precipitated through the
walls or closed doors of the car house or depot, with
such force as to do great damage and kill four or five
persons. The damage done I have heard estimated
at $15,000, and among those killed I have only heard
the name of a Mr. Noyes, a respectable citizen of
S[.,ir..fi,-ld Further particulars had not leached here
b. n il 'ih %., written.
A letter to the editors of the Journal of Commerce
furnishes the following additional particulars :
The freight train, consisting of thirty-three loaded
cars, attached to the new and powerful engine Mas-
sachusetts," in descending the inclined plane, became
unmanagable, although the engine was reversed and
the breakminen were at their posts. It arrived at the
depot with great '1... ; i i n.I passed through the pas-
senger house; t1,. :, '.i,.r .-I became changed, the
train then took the direction of the engine house, in
which were the master mechanic and two or three
others, expecting the arrival of the locomotive, one of
whom, on hearing its approach, was in the act ofopen-
ingthe door, unconscious of danger, when it burst in
upon himn, demolishing the door and a large portion of
the brick wall; then rushed to the opposite side of the
house, where it came in contact with another engine,
"the Hampden," which was shoved ahead with tre-
mendous force through the solid brick wall sixteen or
eighteen inches thick; the Massachusetts following.
Some five or six rods outside of the building it caine
in contact with the wood pile, which arrested its pro-
,t:- ihthe Hampden having clambered up the wood-
p1I- 4,\ or eight feet from the .-'.1ir,ih.i ,. r. ihe now
lies a complete wreck. The MX .1 ... i-. is also
entirely broken to pieces.
Four dead bodies have been taken from under the
ruins, which prove to be those of the men who were in
the building, and one breakrian. The engineer, con-
ductor, and one or two others, cleared themselves from
the train a few feet from the engine, and are said to be
unhurt.

NEW JERSEY MEMBERS.


,o ...jeeringciuingine.U.g year, .at an l the Party seems to degrade some men almost beneath
homilies that have ever been written, by all the divines contenpt;-moral sensibility becomes deadened, and
that have ever lived." the lofty sense of honor is merged in the love of plea-
Who can be insensible (says Charles Dikens) to sure and official emolument. What must be the feel-
the outpouring of good feeling, and the honest inter- ings of men who can allow themselves to be forced
change of affectionate attachment, which abound at into Congress as the representatives of a State that
this season of the year ? A Christmas family-party! has repudiated them, and turned them adrift 1 Wouhl
We know nothing in nature more delightful! There not every high-minded man scorn to countenance an
seems a magic in the very name of Christmas. Petty act so disreputable and disgraceful? It was asked a
jealousies and discords are forgotten: social feelings few weeks ago, by the Burlington Gazette, "Do Mr.
are awakened in bosoms to which they have long been Vroom and his associate members intend to occupy
strangers : father and son, or brother and sister, who seats at Washington this winter? ThIe people of
have met and passed with averted gaze, or a look of New Jersey, by a majority of more than two thousand,
cold recognition, for months before, proffer and return have answered NO! It is taken for granted these gen-
the cordial embrace, and bury their past animosities tlemen cannot, dare not, show themselves at Waish-
in their present happiness. Kindly hearts that have ington, after the stunning rebuke received by each one
yearned towards each other, but have been withheld from the people of his own county. They go to
by false notions of pride and self-dignity, are again Congress? Why every honorable man would spurn
reunited, and all is kindness and benevolence! Would them more effec:ually than their partisans in New
that Christmas lasted the whole year through, and Yolk attempted to spurn the broad seal of the State.
that the prejudices and passions which deform our What fraternity could high-minded men in Congress
better nature, were never called into action among practice towards men who, even last year, merely
those to whom they should ever be strangers!" called usurpers of the rights of others, but who are
We shall conclude our observance of the day by the now convicted of it before a tribunal from which there
following spiightly and popular effusion of an Ame- is no appeal And yet, these very men are seen in
rican poet: their seats in the House daily ; and what is still more
A VISIT FROM ST. NICHOLAS. extraordinary, a large number of those whq last win-
BY c. c. MOORE. ter outraged the State of New Jersey, by allowing
'Twas the night before Christmas, when all thro' the these men to take the seats to which they had no right,
house voted' ,n r'i, against an appropriation to pay the
Not a creature was stirring, not even a mouse : members the State had sent, but whom they had un-
The stockings were hung by the chimney with care, lawfully and unconstitutionally rejected. The re-
in hopes that St. Nicholas soon would hbe there;
The chihiren were nestled all snug in their beds, jectcd members had as much right to their pay and
While visions of sugarplums danced through their mileage, as those who had the indelicacy to refuse to
heads; grantit. It is another outrage offered to the represen-
And mania in 'keichief, and I in my cap,. o rpen
Had just settled our brains for along winter's nap- tati-cs ofan independent State, and should bestamped
When out on the lawn there arosesuch a clatter, with public opprobrium. No one can envy the fel-
I sprang frommy bed tosee what was the matter: ings or principles of men who, knowing that they
Tore open the shutters and threw up thIe sash.
The moon, on the breast of the new-fallen snow, constituents, will persist in retaining their seats In a
Gave the lustre of mid-day to objects below, body in which they must feel they are intruders and
When, what to my wondering eyes should appear interlopers. The object for which they were uncon-
But a miniature sleigh and eight tiny rain-deer, i acm i
With i a little old driver, so lively andI quick, stitutionally dragged in has been accomplished, and
I knew in a moment it must be St. Nick. they can no longer serve the purposes of a debased
More rapid than eagles his courses they came, and discomfitted party, which has been defeated
And he whistled, and shouted, and called them by mainly, in consequence of the very act for which,
name:
Now, Dasher! now, Dancer! now, Prancer! now, contrary to all usage and law, they were bought into
Vixen! the House to assist in passing.
On! Comet, on! Cupid, on! Donder and Blixen- GRACCHUS.


TiE LADIES t PAIR.
We take peculiar pleasure in commending to our
friends and the public, the FAIR opened yesterday by
the Ladies of the Washington Union Benevolent
Society, and which will bh continued during the re-
miainder of this week, at Carusi's Saloon. Too much
praise cannot be accorded to the members of tLis ex-
cellent association for the zeal, industry, and perse-
verance which have characterized their efforts to re-
lieve all who are known to be in poverty, destitution,
and distress, and to find out those who stand in need
of their assistance. Examples of their earnest, prompt,
and comprehensive benevolence have come to our
knowledge, accidentally, which give assurance that
they are daily 'and hourly covering with blessings
many who, but for them, would be pining in poverty,
in sickness, and in sorrow.
The extreme severity of the season has aroused
these ladies to renewed and increased exertions;
and every humane heart must be animated with a de-
sire for their perfect success. At the Fair, they pre-
sent a rich, and beautiful collection of articles, both of
use and luxury; and every visitor, of whatever class,
may find something to suit him-the purchase ofwhich
(however humble the might) will sti I promote the
purposes of charity.
The paintings contributed by Mr. Fleischman and
Mr. Macleod have gained, as they deserved, much
admiration. There are lots of things wrought by the
most beautiful fingers in the metropolis-and we will
think much less of the young members of Congress,
and young visitors of the city, and our own gallant
townsmen, if they allow any of these productions to
remain unsold.




IN SENATE,
WEDNESnAY, Dec. 23, 1840.
After the presentation of numerous memorials and
petitions, and the introduction of several bills, of a pri-
vate and local character, the following proceedings
took place.
TAX ON BANK NOTES.
Mr. BENTON gave notice that he would, to-mor-
row, bring in a bill to impose a tax on Bank Notes,
and all paper intended for a circulation.
SUFFERINGS AT NATCHEZ.
Mr. HENDERSON presented a joint resolution
for the relief of the sufferers at Natchez by the tornado
of August, 1840.
Read twice and referred to the Committee of the
Whole.
LOSSES BY INDIAN TREATIES.
The bill for the benefit of those who have lost their
improvements in consequence of treaties with the
Chickasaw Indians was then taken up, and aftei some
consideration was ordered to be engrossed.
The Senate then proceeded to the consideration of
the bills on the calendar.
NAVAL PENSIONS.
The bill to make new provisions respecting Navy
Pensions, and to repeal certain acts relating thereto,
was taken up.
Mr. WILLIAMS, of Maine, spoke at length in
support of it.
After a few remarks from Mr. WRIGHT, the bill
was postponed to the first Monday in December.
The same disposition was made of the bill to regu-
late the pay and emoluments of pursers in the Navy.
The rest of the day was spent in the consideration
of private bills.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 1840.
The SPEAKER laid before the House a communi-
cation from the Postmaster General, on the subject of
curtailments of postage, &c., &c.
Ordered to be printed and laid on the table.
REMOVALS OF DEPUTY POSTMASTERS.
Mr. ADAMS offered a resolution calling on the
Postmaster General for a list of the Deputy Postmas-
ters that had been removed, under the present Admin-
istration-to report the causes of their removal-whe-
ther any reasons had been communicated to the persons
removed, &e. &e.
The resolution lies over one day, under the rule.
INDIAN APPROPRIATION BILL.
Mr. JONES, from the Committee of Ways and
Means, reported the bill usually known as the Indian
Appropriation Bill.
It appropriates $700,000. It was referred to the
Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union.
NAVY BILL.
Mr. JONES also reported the bill making the an-
nual appropriation for the naval service during the
year 1841. Referred also to the Committee of the
Whole.
PETITIONS.
The SPEAKER th-n proceeded to call on the
States in their order for petitions, memorials, &c. &c.
Mr. DAVIS, ofPa.,presented a petition from Penn-
sylvania, which was supposed to refer to slavery, or
abolition. He desiied the rv.'l;n... ofit.
Mr. W. COST JOIi',-','N objected, on the
ground that it would be a direct violation of the stand-
ing rule of the House, which prohibits the reception
or consideration of any paper appertaining in any man-
ner to ,, *.,. .jl.. i I
Mr. l'.\ k[' ,]...'ed a suspension of the rules.
Mr. JOHNSON moved to lay the motion on the


thought it was his duty, having seen this report, td
say to them, by letter, as he did, that this was false-
and his letter to one of them appeared in the Herald,
c.-.nlraii.iin. the report, saying that it was false. All
Il, itI |e .,ul asked was that you leave this question
where it was left in 1832. If it was raised that it
would be examined fairly and fully. That it would
not be insiduous', r'. ut'l.t i., in a bill professedly
by its title "to :,c-.'.-r, ni 'rJ.I- That this b;ll was
not of the last session-he believed it had died during
the last session. He opposed the introduction of such
a bill.
Mr. MONROE asked the attention of the House
for one moment. He was not fortunate enough to
have been in his seat when the honorable member from
Massachusetts rose with that memorable bill of the
last session. He was sorry to contend with him-
afraid to come in contact with that gentleman at an ILime
-his respect for him would induce him to orhear on any
proper occasion, but he represented in part a constitu-
ency-to defend which was his prerogative on this
floor-the gallant-high-minded merchants of New
York. There was such a meeting held, and somo
men attended that were as high-minded and honorable
as the gentleman from Massachusetts, and if he knew
them he would respect them.
This is a meie caricature of the proceedings, which
had mortified deeply the merchants who had been de-
nounced as a body from the faults of one individual.
He had received a letter from Jaffrey, which he asked
the indulgence of the House to read.
(The letter was then read by a general agreement
and request.)
Mr. CUSHING inquired whether the writer of
this letter was an American or foreigner. He wished
to know whether he was a British subject-whether
they were under British influence.
Mr. MONROE was not aware whether he was an
American or not-was led to believe that he might not
have been born an American. He stood very high in
the city of New York as one of their most respectable
importing merchants. He said that if there should
grow up an alien merchant in the city of New York,
and be a dishonorable man, that should not apply to
the great body of merchants. He woild say to his
friend from Va. (Mr. Wise,) who said it had not been
discussed, that it was the only parliamentary discus-
sion that was had on this floor for nearly 8 months-
for three days it was discussed without a single parti-
cle of party-spirit in it-on the question of its merits
and demerits. He would vote for the honorable
statesman-like protection of the revenue. He would
not vote for a bill that should proscribe a class of men
as corrupt. If the bill came up he hoped we should
have nothing to do with Jaffray, or any man-but dis-
cuss it on its broad merits, and reject or receive it, as
we might think fit.
Mr. PICKENS inquired if the gentleman from
Massachusetts made two motions.
Mr. ADAMS said his sole object was to refer the
subject to the Committee on Manufactures, to report
what bill they might think proper. He should not
vote for the new tariff.
Mr. WISE objected to the introduction of the bill
in any form.
Mr. STANLY observed that his friend from Va.
(Mr. Wise) had expressed some surprise that he
should appear a friend of this measure. He said he
had a right to think for himself, and his State for her-
self-and was not to be frightened by the South Caro-
lina cry about tariff. He believed it was a motion to
defraud Government of its proper revenue-it was the
deliberate conviction of his judgment-although led
on by his friend from Virginia, he chose to exercise his
own judgment.
The question on the motion to suspend the rules
was then put, and carried: Yeas 131, nays 44.
Mr. ADAMS moved to refer the subject to the
Committee on Manufactures.
Mr. WISE understood that this bill, with a title
"to prevent frauds on the revenue" passed this House
during the last session. That it went to the Senate,
and there was amended and returned to this House
and was not maintained. He asked if at the adjourn-
ment of Congress there was any bill at all ? For what "
had the House suspended the rules. To have no bill
referred to a committee He asked where is the bill?
Is there any such In parliamentary law there is no
such bill. He insisted on it, that the gentleman from
Massachusetts should take the usual course to intro-
duce a bill "de novo." There was no bill in existence
now.
The SPEAKER decided that there was a bill, and
the question on the motion of the gentleman from
Mass. was now pending, to refer it to the Committee
on Manufactures.
Mr. WISE then moved to refer this bill-something
or nothing-whatever it might be, to the Committee
on Ways and Means.
Mr. ADAMS insisted on the motion of its reference r
to the Committee on Manufactures; for which the
vote had been passed, to suspend the rules of the
House.
Mr. PICKENS said we had a perfect right to re-
voke it, and refer it to another committee.
Mr. WISE also, objected to being confined to the
reference as at first; and insisted on his motion.
The SPEAKER then called the motion-to refer
it to the Committee on Manufactures,
When, on the call of Mr. WISE, the last fourteen
articles were read.
Mr. TILLINGHAST made some remarks which
were inaudible to the reporter.
[The Secretary of the Senate announced the pas-
sage of a bill, by that body, to abolish imprisonment
for debt in certain cases; and several bills of a local
and private character.]
Mr. WISE spoke at some length in favor of refer-
ing the bill to the Committee of Ways and Means,
as the most appropriate direction it could receive. In
any aspect of it, the bill properly belonged tu that
Committee-
Mr. MORGAN moved the previous question,
which was sustained.
And the question on the motion of Mr. Adams was
carried-Ayes 192, nays 60.
So the bill was referred to the Committee on Manu-
factures.
Mr. WISE then moved a series of instructions to
the Committee, which the Speaker declared out of or-


table, wnich was carried in tie amrmative: a eas 98, der.
nays 53. STEAMBOAT DISASTERS.
COLLECTION OF DEBTS ON IMPORTS-FRAUDS ON Mr. UNDERWOOD, on the part of the Commit-
THE REVENUE, tee on this subject, asked to be discharged from the
Mr. ADAMS moved to refer the bill to prevent further consideration of the memorials relating to
frauds on the revenue, to the Committee of Manufac- them; the request was granted; and then
ures. On motion of Mr. BRIGGS the House adjourned.
Mr. PICKENS objected, as out of order.
Mr. STANLY moved a suspension of the rules, in The Cincinnati Republican thus answers the
order to allow Mr. Adams to make his motion. Globe's statement that Mr. Madison did not notice
Mr. ADAMS said it was not his wish or inten- Gen. Harrison in his message of 1814:
tion to report the revenue or tariff bill, but to report a Mr. Madison could not refer to Gen. Harrison in
bill for the suppression of fraud. He wished to have Mr. Madison coud not refer to Ge. Harrison in
the subject laid before the Committee of Manufac- the campaign of 1814, because he had been driven
tutes. This was his object, and farther, to lay before from theserice in May, 1814, by the machinations of
the committee and before the House, what were the the Secretary of War-the same Armstrong who
proceedings of the merchants from New York, that signalized his infamy in the Newburg letters, and the
had called meetings on the subject. The bill will burning of Washington.
give some little information to this House about their
own proceedings; and how the merchants of New A Million of Passengers (according to the New
York treat this House, and in what manner they sup- York Standard) have passed over the Eastern railroad
pose this House is to be managed-how this House between Boston and Salem, in little more than two
stands in the estimation of the merchants of New years, during which time it is asserted that no accident
York. They (the merchants) were the allies of the of any kind har occurred, and not one of the number
1,1.... 1. C,..-n South Carolina (Mr. Pickens.) of travellers has ever been injured.
l," \\i 1, wished to give his information on the ________
subject, and to ask information from the gentleman BOOK PUBLISHING IN THE WEST.-A single pub-
from Massachusetts (Mr. Adams.) He said that fishing house in Cincinnati advertise as in press, at
lie previously rose and asked that gentleman to correct their establishment, eighty thousand volumes. In
him, and he was sorry to disturb the composure of that glancing over the advertisement, we find. that these
gentleman.
He was not i. his place for five or six months du- books are made up, principally, of standard works for
He was not in his place for ve or six months, dur- school instruction.
ing the last session, and did not know that he was ___________
correct when lie said that this bill was introduced by Singular Effect of a Sudden. Change qf Weather.-
t,. -,. l. ,, .1, r from Massachusetts professedly to pie- The Massachnsetts'(Lenox) Eagle says, that the sud-
. I, u_.i- --. nm the revenue-in other words, to enforce den change of weather on Monday, Nov. 30th, so it-
the existing tariff. He asked : Has such a bill been creased the draught of chimneys, that five or six took
passed by this House It was discussed here, and al- fire and were burning almost simultaneously in diffe-
i,,.,l, he was opposed tothe bill as arbitrary in many rentarts of the town. The same is said to have oc-
..I ,. provisions, and anti-commercial, yet he made cured in Lee and Pittsfield.
no particular opposition at the time. It went to the urred in Lee and Pittsfield.
Senate, and theie, under the specious title cf "A bill BREAD STUFFS.
to prevent frauds on the revenue," having some 15,
16 or 17 sections, it became some 32 or 33 sections.- The trade of Cleaveland in Wheat and Flour is
And when they came to look at the last 14 sections, assuming a high degree of importance. The Herald
they found that the Senate, without particular atten- states that independent of the supplies by wagons,
tion to it, had laid on a new tariff on linens, worsted the receipts of wheat by the canal this year are near
goods, moisline do lines, &c. and silks-increasing two million two hundred thousand bushels, and over
the tariff from nothing in some cases to fifty per cent; half a million of barrels Flour. Estimating the
and from a nominal duty to twenty-five per cent. The wheat at five bushels to a barrel of flour, wre have a to-
bill with its fourteen last sections never passed this tal, equivalent to near a million of barrels of.flour
House, ift' it had come up at any time there was one to exported from Cleaveland this season, the value of
watch it. He spoke to a colleague of his from the which was upwards of four millions of dollars.
Brunswick District, who was on the committee to
which it was referred, and he was assured that he Resumption in Philadelphia.-The New York
might be at perfect ease in regard to it-it would not American states that the Philadelphia Banks have no-
pass-with these sections it would never kick again, tiffed to the parties making the loan, that they are in
Now as to the .I..-..-,, roarks of the gentleman readiness to receive their proportions of the two and a
from Mass. He (%Mr eW',. saw the report of the half millions, and issue Post Notes forthwith.
meeting of merchants from Nev York-it was caraca--_ _- -
tured by the reporter of the New York Herald, in ARUSI'S SALOON.-Those spacious rooms,
which Mr. Jaffray was said to have slandered Con- C. known as Carusi's Saloon, tie subscrriber re-
gress, in saying that money was requisite for any spectfully informs the public, have lately undergone a
agent to represent any thing at the seat of Congress. thorough and complete repair, and will be rented on
It so happened- that as a representative from the the most moderate terms to Clubs, Cotillion parties,
southern part of the United States, he (Mr. Wise) &e. Suppers, Dinners and Refreshments will be sup-
met them to understand Iomrn them what was the prac- plied in a style unequalled by any in the country, and
tical operation of this bill--at his instance and the in- at the shortest notice. Application to be made to the
stance of others, those gentlemen had prepared and subscriber at his rooms on 11th street, where all order
printed a statement showing the operation of the bill will be gratefully received and promptly attended to.
which was put on the table of the members here. He dec 19-tf L. CARUSI.








T0o THE 13ALD-HEADED AND OTHERS.
NC ATHOLIC FAMILY LIBRARY.-Just pub- T -Does any one know a neighbor or a friend who
lished and this day received, for sale by F. TAY- has been bald, and whose head is nowi covered with
LOR. Mary Queen of Scotts, a Journal of her 20 fine hair ? One whose coat collar was covered with
years Captivity, Trial, and Execution, from State Pa- dandruff, though brushed every hour-which has now
pers and Contemporary Letters and Documents by W. vanished entirely ? Or one whose hairs at early age
JoS. Walter, author of the Life and Times of Sir Tho- were turning grey, who now has not a grey hair 1
mas Moore-in two volumes, illustrated with an en- Children whose heads were covered with scurtfwhose
graved Portrait, from an original painting of Mary, hair would not grow, that are now growing the full-
nowin the Royal Collection in Paris, an with two est crops of hair Some cases must be known to most
autograph Letters, one written in her sixteenth the persons. Ask them the cause, and you will ie told,
other in her thirty-sixth year. nov 20 these things have been done by the use of the BALM
IS TORY AND GEGRPH OF OF COLUMBIA. Of 20 years growth is this arti-
ISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TH cle, its demand increasing annually some hundred per
to MISSISSIPPI VALLEY, by Timothy Flint," cent,-though when discovered not opposed by any
to which is added the Physical Geography of the At- thing for the same purpose, now assailed by almost
lantic States, and of the whole Continent. Second numberless mushroom trin, [.r. i,..r,,m.,,. ih 1 llruin
edition, in one large octavo volume, the hair if used to any, i. i ,...-r. 1, .,. these
A few copies of this valuable work are this day re- facts be wanted-refer to the recommendations by a
ceived for saleby F. TAYLOR. Price $2 75, pub- listofnamesofr,"i",'Lhi.i,l,%,n ,,,l.iu called by any other
liashed at 4 dollars. nov 20 article. Look i.. ,... i,,i. -I.u.- this article. Stay
T ADY BULWER.'S NEW WORK-The and preserve your haih by its use, or if bald restore it.
I Bin ohe e F iy b L Lto Ladies, attend to this-hundreds in fashionable life
Budget of the Bubble Family, by Lady Lytton are using it as the only article really fit for the toilet.
a Sco. h J o t S a D Long hair is very apt to fall out. Ladies, use the
SSam Slick onhis Journey, or the Sayings and Do- Balm of Columbia in time to save yourselves the dis-
ings of Sam Slick the Clock Maker, third series grace of baldness by neglect of your persons.
AHume expected this day, and will be for sale b F It is your duty, as moralists to preserve the beau-
TAYLOR, or for circulation among the subscrib ties of natme, with which a bountiul Creator has en-
to the Waverly Circulating Library. nov 20 .dowed you-use the Balm, for it will do it.
CAUTION TO BE REMEMBERED.
QMITH'S COMPARATIVE HISTORY, be- Several most flagrant attempts have been made to
ing the contemporary History of the Nations of counterfeit the true Balm of Columbia. Some of the
Antiquity, with observations on Chronological Eras- impostors have gone so far as to counterfeit the splen-
by Joshua Toulmin Smith, author of Smith's prog- did wrappers, and the Falls of Niagara, and every ex-
ress of Philosophy among the Ancients," 1 vol, price eternal mark except the name of Comstock,which they
62 cents. Just received, for sale by dare not forge.
nov20F. TALOR. dare not forge.
nov 20_F. TAYLOR. To avoid positionss therefore, always look for the
T EMPRIERE'S CLASSICAL DICTIONARY name ofComstock & Co. or L. S. Comstock, and ne-
S Cheap.-I volume 12mo. full bound in leather' ver buy the article unless it has that name upon it.
containing 432 closely printed pages; price 82 cents. Sold wholesale and retail, only at No. 2 Fletcher
dec 1 F. TAYLOR. street, N. Y.
From the Boston Chronicle of Jan. 10.
T HE STATESMAN, by John Holmes, of Me., We see by an advertisement in another column that
or Principles of Legislation and Law, 1 volume Messrs. Comstock & Co., the Agents for Oldridge's
octavo. is just published and this day received, for sale Balm of Columbia, have deputies to sell that article in
by F. TAYLOR. dec l Boston and elsewhere. We know a lady of this city
STOR OUE e Yok.--Th undsigd whose hair was so nearly gone as to expose entirely
STOR HOUSE, New York.-The undersigned her phrenological developments, which, considering
respectfully announce that the price, at the La- that they betokened a most amiable disposition, was
dies' Ordinary, for each person, will be $2 per day. not in reality very unfortunate. Nevertheless she
Gentlemen's Ordinary 2 do. mourned the loss of locks that she had worn, and,after
Children under 12 years, and servants 1 do. a year's fruitless resort to miscalled restoratives, pur-
Parlors, with private table, for each chased, some months ago, a bottle or two of Oldridge's
person 3 do. Balm, and she has now ringlets in rich profusion,
And for the Parlor used by the party 3 extra, glossy, and of raven blackness. We are not puffing
The subscribers are ready to make arrangements -none of the commodity has been sent to us, and, in-
with families, for the winter, on reasonable terms. deed, we do not want any, for though we were obliged
Single gentlemen accommodated with good rooms to wear a wig a year ago, we have now, through its
by the year, or for the winter season, at fair rates, virtue, hair enough, and of a passable quality, of our
The subscribers have been informed that Hack own.
Drivers have reported "the Astor House full," when DARING FRAUD.
it was not true. These reports have been made so The Balm of Columbia has been imitated by a no-
frequently as to induce us now to refer to them. torious counterfeiter. Let it never be purchased or
We acknowledge with gratitude the liberal patron- used unless it have the name ofL. S. COMSTOCK,
age bestowed, andpromise to pay unremitted attention or the signature of COMSTOCK & CO. on a splen
to oar patrons, did wrapper. This is the only external test that will
BOYDEN, COLEMAN, & STETSON. secure the public from deception.
Aug. 11-tf Address COMSTOCK & CO.
EMOVAL.-J. V. N. THROOP respectfully Wholesale Druggists, New York, 2 Fletcher st.
S informs his friends and the public generally, that WHO WILL GO BALD?
he has removed his engraving office to'Missouri ave- CLN EA R P Bta i
nue, between 4 1-2 and 6th streets, one minute's walk COLONEL SEAVER Postmaster at Batavia, is
from his old stand, where orders for engraving and knowing to the fact, that Dr. Bingham, of Genesee
copper plate printing, will be thandfully received and county, aged 70, and for more than 17 years very bald,
punctually attended to. has had hts hair fully restored by the use of one bottle
N. B. Orders left at the watch-making shop of Mr. of the Balm of Columbia from COM STOCK & CO.
D. FiSTER will be attended to. aug 23-tf For sale by CHARLES STOTT,
__________________________ E. H. & C. H. JAMES,
"M ACAULEY'S MISCELLANIES, in2 vols., dec 1-ly Washington City.


.LV-L containing the articles (citenly historical) which
have most attracted attention of those originally ap-
pearing in the Edinburg Review, since 1825; being
the productions of T. Babington Macauley, Secretary
at War and member of Parliament for Edinburg; pro-
ductions which have been universally admired both in
England and America during the last fifteen years for
their vivid eloquence, extensive learning, and splendor
of illustration. 2 volumes handsomely printed.
An additional supply this day received, for sale by
F. TAYLOR. sept 18
E NGLISH BOOKS.-Just received, for sale by
F. TAYLOR.
Gullivei's Travels, 1 octavo volume, embellished
with more than four hundred beautiful engraved illus-
trations from designs by Granville.
Charles Lambs Works complete in 1 volume 8vo.
Illustrated edition of La Martine's Travels in the
-I Holy Land; many engravings.
he complete works of La Martine in French, all in
one lorge 8vo. volume, Brussel's edition.
Miscellanies of Literature, by D'Israeli, 1 vol. 8vo.
Hooke's History of Rome, 3 vols. 8vo.
Oxford Bible's with very beautiful steel engravings;
numerous.
The complete works of Beaumont and Fletcher, in
2 octavo vols.
The Dramatic Works of Massinger and Ford, com-
plete in I octavo vol.
All the Dramatic Works of Ben Johnson, complete
in one volume octavo.
The Ladies' Flower Garden, by Mrs. Loudon, one
vol. quarto, filled with splendidly colored groups of
Flowers.
And many others, of which the list will be contin-
ued in a subsequent advertisement. sept 15
E NGLISH BOOKS.-Bacon's Essays, and Wis-
dom of the Ancients, 1 vol.
Hornme Tooke's Diversions of Parley, new edition,
London, 1840, complete in 1 vol.
Fuller's Holy and Profane State, I vol., London,
1840.
Chaucei's Canterbury Tales, 2 vols.
Enfield's History of Philosophy from the Earliest
Periods-new edition, complete in 1 vol. octavo.
Bourrienne's Napoleon-4 vols.
Essays and Selections, by Basil Montagu, 1 vol.
Milman's Complete Poetical Works-3 vols.
Lamartine's Woiks in French, complete in 1 octavo
volume-many engravings.
Sketches of Popular Tumults, illustrative of the
Evils of Popular Ignorance-1 vol.
The complete Works of Charles Lamb i',i 1 octavo
volume.
History and Antiquities of the Dorcans, by Muller,
2 vols.
Percy's Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, the
whole work complete in I vol.
Painting and the Fine Arts, by William Haslitt,
B. R. Hayden, 1 vol.
And many others, just received for sale by
F. TAYLOR.
ISS LESLIE'S BIRTHDAY STORIES,"
for the young.-The Children's Fireside Book,
translated from the French of Berquin, author of the
Children's Friend," with engravings
The Children's Companion, with engravings, by
the same author.
The Juvenile Forget Me Not, a Chiistmas and
Birthday Souvenir, for 1841.
The Fairy Gift, a collection of New Jersey tales,
with two hundred engravings.
Friendship's Offering, a new Souvenir, for 1841,
beautifully illustrated, and richly bound; and many
others of the same character.
Just received and for sale at the lowest prices by
oct 20 F. TAYLOR.

M ARINER'S LIBRARY, one octavo volume of
_492 pages, full bound, with many engravings,
price 87 cents (published at $1 50) containing narra-
tives of remarkable voyages, shipwrecks, adventures
at sea, the whale fishery, Sketches, &c. &c.
Just received, for sale by
oct 16 F. TAYLOR.

HE PICTORIAL BIBLE, being the Old and
New Testaments, according to the authorized
version, illustrated with many hundred wood cuts, re-
presenting the historical events, after celebrated pic-
tures, the landscape scenes, from original drawings',
or from authentic engiavings, and subjects of cos-
tume and antiquities, from the best scenes, to which
are added Original Notes, chiefly explanatory of the
engravings and of such passages connected with the
history, geography, natural history, and antiquities of
the Sacred Scriptures, as require observation, complete
in three beautiful volumes, lately imported froLo
don and for sale by F. TAYLOR. oct 2

DANCING ACADEMY.
M R. F. C. LABBE has the honor to inform the
Ladies and Gentlemen of Washington and
Georgetown that his Dancing Academy will re-open
on Tuesday, October 6, at his dwelling house, on
Pennsylvania Avenue, opposite Fuller's Hotel, and at
Georgetown at the Union Hotel, (%her, -ur -.s ;
tion paper is now open) as soonas a s.iffi. m n.unl...r
of subscribers shall be obtained.
Hours of tuition for Ladies, from 3 to 5; for Mas-
ters, from 5 to 7; and for Gentlemen, from 7 to 9.
N, B. Boarding schools and seminaries will be at-
tended, if required, at both places, sept 18-2aw5w
ORD BACON'S WORKS complete in large'
L volumes, a beautiful London edition, with a por-
trait. A few copies just imported by F. TAYLOR;
pnce 12 dollars, a lower price than it has heretofore
been sold for in the United States. sept 15


ASK, INQUIRE-Ask those who know.-Those
only who know by trial or immediate observation,
can form any idea of the effects, of the perfect relief,
of the almost charm-like cures effected in cases of the
Piles, Rheumatism, all Swellings, and all external
Pains, no matter how severe, by the use of Hay's Li-
niment. Find one who has used it that will not laud
it to lbe above all things ever used, and you will find
-what cannot be found.
For the relief of suffering human beings who may
be afflicted. I beg you to ask-ask of those who
know. Gentlemen know of cases unconquerable by
all other remedies or physicians, though tried foi many
years, that have been cured by the use of the genuine
AY'S LINIMENT. Thousands of persons know
similar cures. We appeal to their sense of justice-
their human feelings.
It is but a duty you owe to your suffering fellow be-
ings to let this great remedy be known. Speak of it
then to all your friends. This will save much pain
where the newspapers are not read, or where readers
are incredulous, because so many worthless articles
are advertised for the same purpose. To buyers we
say, if all who have used it do not say it is beyond all
praise, then do no' take it. The proprietor will not
allow this article to be paid for unless it cures, when
all the directions are fully followed. Will any one
suffering refuse now to try it 1 If he does, he ought
to be pitied more for his obstinacy than his suffering.
Mi. Hays would never consent to offer this article,
were he not compelled by'his sense of moral-or reli-
gious duty-to do all in his power for the victims of
distress and misery. For this purpose he would sooner
devote a fortune, than secure a dollar for any worth-
less article.
LOOK OUT.-Some swindlers have counterfeited
this article, and put it up with various devices. Do
not be imposed upon. One thing only will protect
you-it is the name of COMSTOCK & CO. that
name must be always on the wrapper, or you are
cheated. Do not forget it. Take this direction with
you, and test by that, or never buy ; for it is impossible
for any other to be true or genuine.
SOLOMON HAYS.
So!d by COMSTOCK & CO. 2 Fletcher street
N. York.
LOOK OUT!!
Caution" is the Parent of Safety.
An attack of the Piles" may be positively pre-
vented by using (when the premonitory symptoms are
felt) the celebrated HAYS' LINIMENT. There
are more than one hundred people in this city, and in
the United States an immense number, who have suf-
fered beyond endurance by this dreadful complaint,
who keep themselves wholly free from attacks by ap-
plying this Liniment when they feel any symptoms of
ics approach : of this there is thIe most perfect proof.
g: No,, . -,,i., withoutt the name of COMSTOCK
& Co., x n% 1.., i... Il.' rappers.
SOLOMON HAYS.
FLORENCEF, Ala, Sept. 28th, 1838.
A ,n. il.-..,. of the highest .1 .,.l..- n, this town,
who has been dreadfully afflicte.l .al. ii-. Blind Piles
for the last 26 years, called upon me and freely con-
fessed to me his situation. After describing the seve-
rity of the complaint, lie remarked that he had not been
so well for 20 years past as he was at that moment.
He had used one bottle only of Hay's Liniment. To
use his own words, he said the whole human family,
who weie thus afflicted, ought to bie made acquainted
with this medicine." Signed,
R. L. BLISS.
Mrs. MANWARING, of Jamaica, L. I., has
been under the hands of several physicians for a year
past with an unhealable fever sore on her ankle,
and has been part of the time quite unable to walk
and got no relief till she has now by the use of two bot-
tles of Hays' Liniment, been entirely cured. To this
fact Judge Lamberson, and J. F. Jones, Esq. Editor
of the Long Island Farmer, and many father citizens
of that town will testify.
WONDERFUL.
An astonishing fact!-Hays' Liniment has now
been used in some thousand cases, and no failure can
be found. It will cure every and all cases of Piles. No
charge without such result.
All must be spurious without the 'in rn, -.,,'.ture
of Comstock & Co. Look carefully i. .it-,. ,.l the
name of Solomon Hays.
Sold at No. 2 Fletcher street, N. York.
For sale by CHAS. STOTT,
C. H. & C. H. JAMES,
dec 1 Washington City.

M R. COOPER'S New Novel, and Lady Bul-
wer's New Novel.
Mercedes, a Romance of the Days of Columbus, in
two volumes, by the'author of The Spy, Pioneers,
Pilot, &c.
The Budget of the Bubble Family, in two volumes,
by Lady Burwer.
Are just published and this day received, for sale by
F. TAYLOR, or for circulation along with all other
new Books among the subscribers to the Waverly Cir-
culating Library.
Terms of the Library, $5 per annum; 3 dollars for
six months, or one dollar for a single month, dec 1
EASE'S CLARIFIED ESSENCE OF HORE-
HOUND CANDY, for public speakers, law-
yers, clergymen, and all others whose voice or lungs
may be subject to weakness, exhaustion, or disease.
The advertiser, agent for the patentee, has just re-
ceived a supply of the above article, valuable for its
medicinal properties, and highly recommended by the
physicians at the North, for sale (in sealed packages
only) by F. TAYLOR,
oct 23 Bookseller.


POLITICAL ELOQUENCE AND POLITI
CAL ECONOMY.-Speeches of the Righ
Hon. George Canning, in 1 octavo volume of 583
pages, containing also his life and copious extracts
from his writings; price $2.
Speeches of the Right Hon. William Huskisson,
and the Right Hon. Mr. Wyndham, with the life of
each. The two contained in 1 volume octavo 616
pages; price $1,50, published at $3,50.
Speeches of Philips, Curran, Grattan and Emmet,
in 1 volume octavo; price $1,25.
American Oratorio, or Selections from the Speeches
of distinguished Americans; 1 volume of 531 octavo
pages, handsomely bound; price $1,25, published
T lie most Celebrated Speeches of Chatham, Burke,
and Erskine; 1 octavo volume of 540 pages, hand-
somely bound; for $1,25, published at $3.
And many others of the same class, for sale at the
same low range of prices, by F. TAYLOR.
June 13.
CHEAP THEOLOGICAL BOOKS.-For sale
k- by F. TAYLOR.
Home's Introduction new and handsome edition,
1840, very handsomely bound, 5 dollars.
Burder's Pious Women, new and enlarged edition,
octavo, full bound complete for $1 25.
Butterworth's Concordance, 8vo. full bound, $1 50.
Sterne's Reflections, complete in one volume 8vo.
full bound, $1 25.
Watson's Body of Divinity, 8vo, 776 pages, $1 75.
Bickerstith's Harmony of the Gospels, 50 cents, I
vol. of 420 pages bound.
Hawkes' History of the Prot. Episcopal Church in
Maryland, 1 octavo volume, $1 75.
And many others at the same low average of price.
sept 15
T HE YOUNG PRIMA DONNA, a new novel,
by Mrs. Grey, author of The Duke."
Humphrey's Clock, number 12.
And the continuation (in two volumes) of Jesse's
Court of England, under the Stuarts and the Protec-
torate, are this day received, for sale by F. TAYLOR,
or for circulation from the Circulating Library. oct20
CONFESSIONS OF HARRY LORREO.UER,
in one volume, with many engravings.
Also, second volume of"Ten Thousand a Year."
Numbers 3 and 4 of Charles O'Mallers, the Irish
Dragoon," with engravings, are this day received, for
sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation among the
subscribers to the Waverley Circulating Library.
oct 16
"DOCAHONTAS, a Legend, by Mrs. M. M
Webster, just received by F. TAYLOR,
oct. 20 Immediately east of Gadsby's.

MERICAN ALMANAC, 1841, just received
A by F. TAYLOR,
oct. 20 Immediately east of Gadsby's.

HANCELLOR KENT'S "COURSE OF
S READING," drawn up at the request of the
Mercantile Library Association of New York. Price
37 cents, Just published and this day received for
sale by F. TAYLOR.
june 23.
UIZOT'S EDITION OF SPARK'S WASH-
INGTON CORRESPONDENCE, in 4 vo-
lumes, Paris, 1840; with an Introduction and Essay
by M. Guizot, on the Influence and Character of
Washington. Just imported and for sale by
May, 12. F TAYLOR.
CHRISTIAN'S DEFENSIVE DICTIONA-
RY, being a refutation of the arguments and ob-
jections that have been urged against the Bible, ar-
ranged and classified in alphabetical order, complete
in one volume of 347 pages ; price 62 cents in neat
cloth binding. For sale by F. TAYLOR.
may 21
MOVEABLE BINDERS.-For keeping, in a
book-like form, Newspapers, Pamphlets, Let..
ters, Music, or any other papers which should be kep.
in regular order. All the various sizes are just received
For sale by F. TAYLOR,
Immediately east of Gadsby's.
HUMPHREY'S CLOCK, Nos 5 and 6. The
August No. of Lady's Book. The Fatalist, or
the Fortunes of Godolphin. 2 vols.
A system of Practical Medicine; Dissertations on
Fevers, and Diseases of the skin. Edited by Alexan-
der Tweedie, 1 vol., just received by
F. TAYLOR,
Immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel.
W EBSTER'S BIBLE.-The Holy Bible con-
taining the Old and New Testament in the
common version, with amendments of the language,
by Noah Webster-1 lare.,cria,.r,',-.-lumnie rull b.,urn-
price $2 25 publishedl I 'at 5,JilLr u. I iu r-.,i',i omr
sale by F. TAYLOR.
BULWER'S WORK; 'Godolphin,' new edition,
B2 vols. Just received by
F. TAYLOR,
Immediately East of Gadsby's.
Also, Crowes' History of France, 3 small vols.
Scott's History of Scotland, 2 small vols.
Lee's Geology for popular use, 1 vol. aug 23

CYCLOPEDIA OF HISTORY, being a Histo-
C rical, Biographical and Geographical ]Sictionary,
running from the earliest to the present time, contain-
ing also a complete Chronology and very numerous
ill., rri,.. .i.% ,':.,- ..-, small quarto, 700 pages, well
and handsomely bound ; price only $2 50.
sept 15 F. TAYLOR.
HE MAN AT ARMS; or HENRY DE C&
RONS. By James, author of the King's High-
way, Richelieu, &c. is just published and expected to-
dlay or to-morrow, for sale by F. TAYLOR, or for
circulation from his Circulating Library. sept 15
CHOOL BOOKS, Fine Arts, &c. For sale low
byF. TAYLOR, immediately East of Gadsby's.
sept 15

MOORE'S LIFE OF BYRON.-Just published
a new edition of The Life of Lord Byron, with
his letters and journals, by Thomas Moore.
As a composition it deserves to be classed among
the best specimens of English prose which our age has
produced."
The Letters, a' least those which were sent from
Italy, are among the best in our language. They are
less aflTected than those of Pope and Walpole; they
have more matter in them than those of Cowper."
And if the epistolatory style of Lord Byron was
artificial, it was a rare and admirable instance of that
l, tl,..t art which cannot be di.~iir, ,ji.li,. from na-
t',. --Macaitley/'s MYiscellani :,. p*:..' .-J-
Complete in 2 octavo vols., handsome edition, with
portraits. Price $3 25. Just received by
nov. 6 F. TAYLOR.

N EW BOOKS.--Texas in 1840, or the Emi-
grant's Guide, by an emigrant from the United
States, 1 vol.
Chymistry Applied to Agriculture, by Cliaptal,
Humphrey Davy, Professor Renwick, and others,
1 vol.
Armstrong's Treatise on Agriculture, with notes,
by J. Buel, 1 vol.
Capt. Pariy's Three Voyages towards the North
Pole, new edition, all comprised in 2 vols.
First Principles of Chymistry, by Professor Ren-
wick, of Columbia College, N. Y.
Elements of Mental Philosophy, by Professor Up-
ham, of Bowdoin College.
The Social Destiny of Man, or Association and
Re-organization of Industry, by Albert Brisbane, I vol.
Bacchus, a prize essay, on the nature, causes, effects,
and cure of intemperance, 1 vol.
This day received and for sale by
Nov 6 F. TAYLOR.
j MILITARY HISTORICAL LIBRARY--Now
31. publishing in Palis, in large octavo volumes,
with very numerous Topographical and Military
Maps andl Engravings, dedicated to the Army and
National Guard of France.


C'est la premiere fois que l'on essaye de rennir
dans une meme collection les meilleurs ouvrages qui
traitent de l'art militaire. Ce travail est fait par deux
homes des lettres; et comme ila ne sont etrangers ni
l'un nii l'autre a la science des arme;. 1- c.,jo,.r. rimnr
tout ce que cette offre de difficile." E,' ...i r i .,,
Preface.
Volume 1. On the Tactics of the Greeks, (Thu-
cydides, Xenophon, Arrianus.)
Volume 2. On the Roman Armies and Soldiery,
(Polybius.)
Volume 3 will contain The Military Memoirs of
Napoleon.
To be completed in six volumes, the first and second
of which are now received, and may be examined at
the bookstore of
F. TAYLOR,
oct 14 Agent for the Paris Publishers.
ARRYATT'S NOVELS-Cheap.-Captain
Marnyatt's Novels, ten in number, all contain-
ed in 2 large octavo volumes, well printed and full
bound in leather; price for the whole $2 50; publish-
ed originally at an average price of $1 50 for each
novel. For sale by F. TAYLOR.
nov 6


DYSPEPSIA.-We have frequently witnessed
the ravages ofl this disease; and have heard and
read of many remedies, but far oftener saw them fail
than result in success. The writer, however, of the
letter to the agent of Dr. Harlich's Compound
Strengthening and Gcrman Aperient Pills, has long
been known to us, and from an invalid, as he is deli-
neated, we know and.meet him daily, as a hale, hear-
ty man. Though no advocate of nostrums of any
kind, we cannot withhold a notice of what we con-
sider the efficacies and virtues of Harlich s Com-
pound Strengthening, and German Aperient Pills.-
he case before us is a living monument to both.-
Spirit of the Times of Jan. 1.
For sale at the Bookstore of Robert Farnham,
Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington City.
ay 2-ly
CONSUMPTION! CONSUMPTION! that fell
kJ destroyer which slays its thousands and tens of
thousands annually. How shall we arrest its fatal
progress before it takes hold upon the vitals 1 I would
answer at once, take some suitable medicine to arrest
the disease at the very commencement. How very
many do we see in the world, whose delicate frames
look scarcely able to support even a short reign of ex-
istence-but for the timely care and proper means they
make use of, oftentimes will far outlive the most ath-
letic and robust, who neglect such timely care and
proper means as are placed within their reach, which
would unquestionably arrest if taken in proper time.
At the head of all remedies, and first in rank stands
Doctor Swayne's Compound Syrup of Wild Cherry,
which, if administered in time, and take ......li.m
to the prescribed rules, will nine times out ..1 1 i 11 i.. k
its progress, and restore the patient to health.
For sale at Robt. Farnham's Bookstore, Pennsylva-
nia Avenue, Washington city.
May 12
IMPORTANT TO FEMALES.-D)r. Harlich's
Compound Strengthening Tonic and Germen
Aperient Pills. These pills remove all those distress-
ing diseases which females are liable to be afflicted
with. They remove those morbid secretions which,
when retained, soon induce a number of diseases, and
oftentimes render females unhappy and miserable all
their lives. Those pills, used according to directions,
immediately create a new and healthy action through-
out the whole system by purifying the blood, and giv-
ing strength to the stomach and towels, at the same
time relieving the pain in the side, back, and loins,
giving appetite and invigorating the system again to
its proper functions, and restoring tranquil repose.
Ask for Dr. Harlich's Compound Strengthening
Tonic and German Aperient Pills.
Principal Office, North Eighth street, Philadelphia.
Also for sale at the Bookstore of Robert Farnham,
Pennsylvania avenue, Washington city. ap2-ly
TO THE SICK.-As many neglect their health
on account of being d -,,..ur., '1 by the very
many deleterious nostrums which are offered as cure-
alls by Empiricks, I would recommend them to make
trial of Dr. Harlich's COMPOUND STRENGTH-
ENING AND GERMAN APERIENT PILLS.
I have made use of them frequently myself, and
always found them to remove pain in the side, restore
the lost appetite, and relieve the disagreeable sensa-
tion after eating, with which I am frequently troubled.
I would recommend these Pills in all cases of liver
complaint and weakness of the nervous system and
bad stomach complaints, as I am confident all who
make trial of this medicine will find it effectual.
WM. LINDERMAN,
Bath Township, Lancaster County.
For sale at 19 N. Eighth street, also at the book-
store of Robert Farnham, Pa. Avenue, Washington
City. ap 2-ly
HIGHLY IMPORTANT TO THE AF-
FLICTED.-To the agent for the sale of Dr.
Harlich's Medicine. Dear Sir-Having been suffer-
ing for nearly ten years past with that most unchari-
table among the long catalogue of diseases called the
Dyspepsia, and, after resorting to numberless inef-
fectual remedies during that long age of suffering and
expense, (as the money I have expended during that
time illy comported with my circumstances in life,)
and conceiving my situation a hopeless one, I could
but compare it to the description given of a man on
his journey, falling among thieves, who after robbing
him left him to die of his wounds; for after having
my money filched from me in obtaining a number of
quack nostrums, instead ol obtaining relief, I found
they increased the malady to an alarming degree,
bordering on despair, until by accident a friend point-
ed out to me in the Spirit of the Times" a remedy
lately brought before the public, called Dr. Harlich's
Compound Strengthening and German Aperient Pills,'
although doubting their efficacy, but as a "derniei
resort, I was induced to give them a trial, the result
of which, after a few weeks, has been beyond my
most sanguine expectations; in truth, they have of-
f- ime- all the relief that could i.. aiih. i.-i..l.
through the agency of a "good ,,s 1,,'i., i ii _Ur,,r
grateful for the relief the above medicine has afforded
me, I cheerfully recommend it to aid in the cause of
ft. rn:ri. humanity. A resident of the county of Phi-

For sale at No. 19 North Eighth street, also at the
bookstore of Robert Farnham, Pa. Avenue, Wash-
ington City. ap 2-ly

ORE TESTIMONIALS in favor of Dr. Har-
V lich's Medicines.-Mr. James Henry, Roxbo-
rough, cured by the use of the above invaluable medi-
cines-his symptoms were pain in the side and back,
loss of appetite, a severe pain in the stomach after eat-
ing, costiveness, acidity in the stomach, sick headache,
flushings of heat, night sweats, nausea, and sometimes
.-niiic.. wouldd not rest at night, &c. Seeing an ad-
r, r'..., .1 in the Ledger of the efficacy of Dr. Har-
lich's Medicines, I was induced to give it a trial, which
I am happy to state resulted in performing a perfect
cure. For sale at No. 19, North Eighth street, Phila-
delphia.
Also for sale at Robert Farham's Bookstore, Penn-
sylvania avenue, Washington city. ap2-ly

ORTRAIT OF HENRY A. WISE, a beau-
tiful likeness, by Fenderich, just published, is
this day received, for sale by F. TAYLOR, price 75
cents, together with a large collection of striking like-
nesses of other Public Men, embracing almost all of
any eminence, taken directly from life by the same
artist. june 25

LEANSE AND STRENGTHEN.-The only
S sure and the best courses to pursue in curing dis-
eases, of whatever nature they may be, is, first, to
cleanse tho stomach and bowels by gentle aperients;
secondly, to give strength and tone to those tender
organs, by the use of proper tonics. This mode of
r ,i... 'iseases as pursued by the regular physicians,
i, i., h in,. well know to be the only course to resort
to, to effect a speedy and permanent Lure. Dr. Har-
lich's Compound "'n, .mlh. i,,,,s' Tonic and Germnan
Aperient Pills are a sure medicine to effect this gland
object. The German Aperient Pills are to cleanse
the stomach and intestines-after which the Comn-
pound ,n nr,'i",, "',,,:! Tonic Pills are used to give
strength and tone to those organs which require ten-
der treatment. Two-thirds nearly of the diseases of
the nervous system, and by continually using drastic
mineral t.' ,isi, the sufferer will soon find himself
a being too much refined to remain long in existence.
Full and explicit directions, both in English and Ger-
man,; .s..'..i.,',i,',ii,_" this medicine. Principal Office
for tIn, Il~ ini, "'in.i,m.., No. 10 North Eighth street,
Philadelphia. Also, for sale at the Bookstore of Ro-
bert Farnham, Pa. Avenue. ap 32-ly

REMEMBER Dr. Swayne's Compound Syrup of
Wild Cherry is warranted to cure recent or
chronic coughs, hoarseness, spitting of blood, raising
of phlegm, soreness of the throat and air vessels, pain
in the side, &c. Those who are thus afflicted, let not
another day pass without making a full trial of this
invaluable medicine, as it will cure all diseases for
which it is recommended. Principal Office, 19 North
Eighth street, Philadelphia. Also for sale at the
Bookstore of Robert Farnham, Pa. Avenue, Wash-
ington mty. ap 2-ly

TT IS ESTIMATED by Physicians generally,
. that one-fourth of the human family dlie annually


of Consumption. As that is the case, why then ne-
glect your colds and coughs, which are the root of
Consumption Thousands and tens of thousands
could have been saved, if they could have procured a
remedy in due season. Di. Swayne's Compound
Syrup of Wild Cherry is recommended to be a medi-
cine that will immediately arrest this disease. A sin-
gle trial will convince many of its effects who have
given up all hopes of recovery. For sale at No. 19
North Eighth street, Philadelphia.
Also, at Robert Farnham's Bookstore, Pa. Avenue,
Washington city. ap 2-ly

ORE PROOFS of the efficacy of Dr. Harlich's
Compound Strengthening Tonic and German
Aperient Pills. Mr. James Perot, Schuylkill Third
street, cured by the above medicine. His symptoms
were pain in the stomach after eating, loss of appetite,
pain in the side and breast, attended with a hacking
cough, costiveness, and many othernsensations not es-
sential to mention. He is willing to give any satis-
faction to any inquiring person of the wonderful ef-
fects of the medicine. For sale at No. 19 North
Eighth street. Also, for sale at the Bookstore of Ro-
bert Farnham, Pa. Avenue, Washington'city.
ap 2-ly


THE CU LTIVATOR,
A consolidation of Buel's Cultivator and the Genesee
Farmer.
WILLIS GAYLOnD & LUTHER TUCKER, EDITORS.
Prospectus of Vol. 8, for 1841.
T HE Cultivator was established to improve and
elevate the Agriculture of the country ; to give a
proper tone to the morals and mind of the farmer; to
show him the dignity and importance of his profession;
to store his mind with useful knowledge, and convince
him that while all classes are and must be more or less
dependant on each other, he alone of the whole can
make any near approach to independence. If there is
one thing more than another, which in this country
gives a man superiority over his fellow men, it is
knowledge; and this krn..r.l. .1:, -l.i.. '- .:;." which
is as essential to the st,'., ...1' h- 'lrin.-' ,; to other
minen,-it is the design of the Cultivator to aid in im-
parting.
The volume for 1840, is filled entirely with original
communications, embracing articles fiom about 300
Correspondents, from almost every state in the Union.
If an increase of subscription beyond any precedent
in the history of Ari. iint,, i1 Journals,-if the almost
unanimous voice iht,, l,,I.1.w press in our favor,-if
the multitude of private yet :1 .,. ,iin.: testimonials we
have received, added to a circulation ,j,..u r.6;ni1_ ,.'
first year to twenty-two thousand, may I ..l, i.." ,
evidence, then we have certainly most abundant rea-
son to be gratified with the success which has attended
the union of the Cultivator and Genesee Farmer. No
expense has been or will be spared to render the Culti-
vator worthy of the patronage it has received. In the
number, variety and excellence of its Illustrations, it
is without a rival at home or abroad, the last volume
being embellished with nearly one hundred engrav-
:.- ill.n.,rating the improved breeds of Horses, Cat-
i|.., '"1, ,j, Swine, Buildings, Implements, &c., mak-
ing the Cultivator, all things considered, it is believed,
the cheapest Agricultural paper, ever published in this
or any other country.
TERMS-One Dollar per annum-Six copies for
$5--the money to be remitted in advance, free of post.
age. A commission of 20 per cent will be allowed to
Agents who obtain 25 or more subscribers, and 25 per
cent to those who obtain 100 or more. All subscrip-
tions to commence with a volume.
Postmasters and gentlemen disposed to lend their
influence to aid the cause of Agriculture, are resp'ct-
fully requested to act as agents. Address
JESSE BUEL & CO.
Publishers of ths Cultivator, Albany, N. Y.
dec 17

THE AMERICAN ALMANAC AND RE-
POSITORY OF USEFUL KNOWLEDGE
for 1841, (the twelfth volume of the series,) contains
its uscal amount of valuable commercial, political, sta-
tistical and scientific information. It is lately received
for sale by the subscriber, price $1, and can be sent
through the mails, at a trifling expense, to any part of
the country. A few complete sets, now scarce and
difficult to be procured, owing to the constantly in-
creasing demand for the work, may be had at the origi-
nal price, by applying to
dec 15 F. TAYLOR, Bookseller.

0 THE PUBLIC.-Thc proprieior of the Wash-
ington Museum, after a year s experience, finds
that with the present number of subscribers the great-
est exertions and the most rigid economy, he has been
enabled to keep the establishment open. During which
time by the kindness of many citizens, he has nearly
doubled his collection of curiosities, which is now but
little inferior to many Museums in the larger cities.
He therefore hopes that the present and many other
subscribers will contribute their assistance and thus
enable him to double his exertions ; and in a fewyears
this city will have as good a Museum as any in the U.
States.
The public are respectfully requested to call and
judge for themselves.
Open from 9 A. M. till dusk every day.
N. B. A person will wait on subscribers and others
for their names.
The Hallofthe Museum always in readiness for
Balls, Concerts and Fairs, &c. at the shortest notice.
dec 17 JOHN VARDEN.

EORGIA ILLUSTRATED in a series ofviews
of Natural and Public Edifices. Published in
uarto numbers, each containing 3 large engravings.
'The first number of the above is this day received by
F. TAYLOR, who will receive subscriptions for the
work-price $5 for 12 numbers, dec 19
J JUVENILE BOOKS AND CHRISTMAS
PRESENTS, in great variety, for sale by F.
TAYLOR, many of them just unpacked, comprising
the best works for youth, of Miss Edgeworth, Mrs.
Hofland, Miss Leslie, Peter Parley, Mary Howitt,
and many others. Juvenile Souvenirs, Drawing
Books. Albums, Port-folios, colored Toy-books, Gold
and Silver Pencil Cases, Ladies and Gentlemens
Penknives, Illustrated Books of Travels, richly bound
and embellished editions of the most esteemed authors
in Poetry and Prose, Pocket Books, Caid Cases, La-
d(ies and Gentlemen's Writing Desks, Bibles, Prayer
Books, Annuals, &c. &c. at unusually low prices.
dec 19

"It only requires to be known to be certain of support."
[A general exclamation.]
ALBANY LOCK HOSPITAL.
Dr. COOKE.
HE unfortunate are respectfully informed that
the Albany Lock Hospital, established and mo-
delled after the much celebrated European Lock
Hospital, has : N., ir. r,.;,.. been founded at Head
quartersr, No :; N,.ti,..r., .i.. t, Albany, N. Y. To
those unacquainted with this institution, it is necessa-
ry to mention that it has for its object the cure of all
such diseases as syphilis, scrofula, strictures, diseases
of the urethra, lumlago, flour albus, ';,... i,.' .1;.
eases of the womb, seminal weakness .. I i..il, -.. %,
nodes, caries of the bones, gonorrlicea, gleets, with all
venerial complaints, &c.
Persons, ignorant of the nature of Disease, are not
aware that many stages mark its progress from the
commencement to its full development, r.6 ,.r., in
a most simple form, and *I ....| ..h ii .. i, Lor injudicious
treatment, assume a more aggravated state of disease,
and occasion abscess, ulceration, pseudo syphilis, can-
cer, premature old age, too often ending in a protract-
ed incurable state of miserable existence.
This institution is under the superintendence and
management of Professor CooKE, M. D., D. D.,
LL. D., of the city of Albany, N. Y., who will give
his personal attendance at the Dispensary, attached
to the Institution, at all hours to invalids requiring his
professional services. He having had much more
experience ii this branch of medical practice than
usually falls to the lot of any one member of the pro-
fession, therefiore feels such confidence of his ability
to give universal satisfaction, that he assures all appli-
cants, none need despair of a complete recovery.
The unfortunate therefore, who have suffered from
the want of success by those less experienced, are in-
vited to visit the Hospital, which only requires to be
known to be sure of support, where the most perfect
secrecy may be depended on, and the utmost privacy
will attend those who call. The whole house is ex-
clusively appropriated to the use of patients, who will
always be received into separate apartments, and at
no thne, unless at the request of the patient, will a
third party be permitted to tie present.
Professor Cooke'has a number of handsomely fur-
nished private chambers, at No. 33 Green street,
where he will receive ,..ritl.-,,,., n who may require
medical aid. Residing h,',., tH ..n the premises, he
will ib. r, '., be enabled to dedicate more than ordina-
ry ucmi..mi to his patients. Gentlemen will find it
both convenient, as well as economical, in all cases of
disease, to retire to these furnished rooms.
The Pm .. ., .fBoneset, universally known
as an excellent cough medicine, is prepared at this in-
stitution. Its efficacy being decidedly superior to any
specific extant, is every where recommended in all
cases of coughs, colds, asthma, croup, hooping cough,
as well as in all complaints of the chest anl lungs.
Travellers, therefore, ministers of the gospel, orators,
public speakers, and families, should never be without
their abundant supplies.
As long as Professor CooKE desires to benefit the
public, it is proper he should continue his advertise-
ment, for the good of strangers, as it is well known,
people are extremely shy in speaking of cases of a
delicate nature, even where a physician is pre-emi-


neatly successful.
Communications, post paid, to the address of Pro-
fessor COOKE, M. D., D. D., LL. D., Albany, N. Y.,
enclosing a bank note as a counselling fee, will have
attention-(none others will be received)-or a per-
sonal consultation may be had at all times as usual, at
the Dispensary, which is properly fitted up and ar-
ranged with separate offices for confidential inter-
views.
g7Counselling fees and charges reasonable.
Office No. 3 Norton street-House No. 33 Green
street, Albany. mar 3 tf
SECOND NO. of Master Humphrey's Clock,,by
SBoz, just received, for sale by F. TAYLOR, im-
mediately East of Gadsby's Hotel. may 19
M ARRIAGE, a Novel, and The Inheritance, a
Novel, by Miss Ferriar, author of Destiny"-
the two contained in one octavo volume. Price for
the whole one dollar. The same books having sold
heretofore at two dollars for one, and one dollar fifty
for the other. For sale by
F. TAYLOR.


DEMOCRATIC ALMANAC FOR 1840, giving
(together with oiuch other useful ,n:.i t', m h,n. ,-
jorities in every county in the Unit..1 ',it,- 5 hI1'
last election-25 cents.
Gouge's History of Paper Money and Banking in
the United States- 25 cents..
Gouge's Inquiry into thi expediency .f .di;., n-;n:r_
with bank .. in .in l hrr1k I .|'1erin the I.. .1 i...', i,.
of the Uni1. .I S1. ,i ,-25'25. Wi4
Holland's Life andl Political Opinions of Martin
Van Buren (edition of 1835) one dollar.
Condy Raguet's Treatime on Cunr,, n. aN.1 Bank-
ing, new and improved edition, a, In, r, .1 'i1i pice of
$1 25.
Raguet's "Free Trade Advocate," 2 vols.
Raguet's "Examiner," 1 vol.
For sale by F. TAY [LOR.
** Subscriptions taken to the Democratic Review
(monthly, five dollars per annum,) and to Bronson's
Boston Qtuarterly Review," (three dollars per an-
num.) june t11.

LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES, com-
plete in nine volumes, (the ninth just published
by order of Congress) are for sale low- a .;, I ..... i.
only for sale by F. TAN1 1-:

CHILLER'S WORKS, in German, complete in
2 large octavo volumes.
The complete works of Lamartine (prose andl poeti-
cal) in French. All in one large volume, Brussels
edition, with many engravings.
Chanson's de Beranger, in four pocket volumes.
Brussels edition.
Gil Bias (in one volume octavo) Orne de 600 Vig-
nettes par Gigoux. Price $5 50.
Don Quixote, in French, Viardot's translation; 2
vols. octavo, containing one thousand 'i;i.' and
beautiful engravings; i II
And many other French books, just unpacked by
F. TAYLOR.
Books imported to order from London and
Paris. june 23.

NEW UNIVERSAL GAZETTEER.-Jus
published (1840) and this day received, giving
a complete and full account, and general history anc
description of the nations, countries, cities, seas, rivers
lakes, canals, mountains, volcanoes, &c. in the knows
world, with the government, manners and customs
and religion, natural history and productions, trades
manufactures, curiosities, statistics, &c. of each, illus
treated with very numerous engravings, &c., a Die
tionary of Commerce. The whole remodelled, and th<
historical and statistical department brought down t(
the present time; complete in one octavo vol. of 80(
pages-for sale by F. TAYLOR.
june 18
MRS. HEMANS'S WORKS COMPLETE-
A new and beautiful edition, printed on fine
paper, with a portrait of the authoress, of the com-
plete Works of Mrs. Hemans, with a Memoir by her
sister, and an Essay on her Genius, by Mrs. i'n.s.-
ney, in 7 royal 12mo volume-s, handsomely bound in
embossed cloth or in extra binding.
Also, just published, the complete works of Lord
Byron, published in a style similar to the above, in
eight beautiful volumes, large type.
Also, Memoirs and Letters of Madame Malibran,
by the Countess De Merlin, 2 vols.
This is the only complete edition of the Works o
Mrs. Hemans, and contains many new poems, toge-
ther with other matter not embraced in any other el"
tion of her works. Among the new poems wills
found De Chartillion, a tragedy, A Tale of the Seer
Tribunals; Superstition and Revelation, A Tale ot
the Fourteenth Century; Scenes and Passages from
Goethe; Selections from Juvenile Poems; England
and Spain, and Wallace's Invocation to Bruce. Just
published, and for sale by
ap 24 F. TAYLOR.

n LIVER COMPLAINT.-This disease only
terminates in another of a more serious nature, if
proper remedies are not resorted to in time. In all
forms of this disease, Doctor HARLtCH'S Compound
Strengthening and German Aperient Pills, will per-
form a perfect cure-first by cleansing the stomach
and bowels, thus removing all diseases from the liver
by the use of the German Aperient Pills, after which
the Compound Strengthening' Pills are taken to giv
strength and tone to those tender organs which re-
quire such treatment only to effect a permanent cure
These pills are nearly put up in small packages, with
full directions.
For sale at No. 19 North Eighth street, Philadel-
phia, and at the bookstore of Robert Farnham, Penn-
sylvania Avenue. may 9

BROOKS' UNIVERSAL GAZETTEER,-
Cheap; last edition, 1840, large octavo: 830
closely printed pages, with two hundred engravings,
containing also a Commercial Dictionary and much
other useful and valuable matter not usually contained
in works of this class; handsomely printed, one large
volume in full leather binding. For sale by F. TAY-
LOR, for $2 75, (published at $5.) nov 6
H UMPHREY'S CLOCK, Nos. 10 and 11. No.
2 of Charles O'Malley, the Irish Dragoon.
Ten Thousand a Year, in 2 vols.
Howard Pinckney, a novel, by the author of Clin-
ton Bradshaw," &c.
Just received, for sale by
F. TAYLOR,
A LBERT GALLATIN ON THE NORTH
EASTERN BOUNDARY-Now on the way
from New York and expected to-day.
F. TAYLOR in one volume octavo, with an ap-
pendix and eight maps. The Il, 1,1 the United
states to the Territory claimed l ,.,"", principally
extracted from the statements laid befoi, mm,.' i,.. of
the Netherlands and revised by Albert (; il .i1,,
Also, The School for Politicians, or Non-com-
mittal," a comedy in five acts, translated from the
French of Scribe. nov 24

HARTISM, by Thomas Carlyle.-"It never
S smokes but there is fire."-Old Proverb.
Just published, and this day received, for sale by
F. TAYLOR.
Also, Carlyle's Life of Schiller, with an examina-
tion and extracts of his works, 1 vol.; Goethe's novel
of Wilhemn Meister, translated by Carlyle; Carlyle's
French Revolution, a history, in 3 volumes.
Will be received in a day or two" Miscellanies," in
4 volumes, and Sartor Resartus," in 1 volume, by
the same author, nov 24
IN T .ITX -LL s,- hTsi-',Lr,.' sI i l li--i'.

Land Birds, in one novel of 830 pages.
Water Birds, in one volume of 620 pages, by Tho.
Nutall, A. M.; F. L. S.
Eaton's North American Botany, comprising thIe
native and common cultivated Plants, north of Mexi-
co, genera arranged according to the artificial and na-
tural methods; English edition, 1840, with additions
by Professor Wright.
The Complete Grazier, or Farmers' and Cattle
Breeders, and Dealers' Assistant. 1 volume octavo,
London. Just received, for sale by
nov 24 F. TAYLOR.

CHEAP BOOTS AND SHOES.
T HE subscriber respectfully informs his friends and
the public generally, that he has just received a
fresh supply of Ladies Walking Shoes and Slippers.
Also, a few cases g mtleman's fine Dress Boots.
Also, a few cases gentleman's Harrison Boots,
which he will sell cheap for cash.
WM. DOUGLASS,
A few doors west of Mr. John Waters', and
nearly opposite R. Farnham's Stationery Store.
nov 17-tf
R IMOVAL.-Mr. and Mrs. SSNTANGELO have
removed to the house of Mrs. Gassaway, corner
of Pennsylvania Avenue and 10th street, where a
morning class for Ladies, and new evening classes for
Gentlemen are now forming for the stluy of the French
and Spanish languages. Instruction given to the
former also in the Italian and Latin languages, and in
the English branches, Penmanship, and Music on the
Piano or Guitar. Private lessons given at the dwel-


lings of pupils if desired. Translations made with
exactness and despatch.
Oct 6-6t.
CURRENCY AND BANKING, BY CONDY
RAGUET.-New and improved edition, at a re-
duced price, is just published and this day received, for
sale by F. TAYLOR, who has for sale a collection of
the best works on Currency and Finance, and all
other branches of Political Economy, more complete
and extensive than can be found elsewhere in the
United States, all for sale at the lowest prices
June 11. F. TAYLOR.
THE BRITISH DRAMA, in two large octavo
volumes of eight hundred pages each, well print-
ed and handsomely bound, with ( ',_,' r i ,.', contain-
ing one hundred of the best play in lb.ih language,
(excluding Sl.il.. ,p :,r l price for the set four dol-
ars, equivalent to 4 cents for each play. Just re-
ceived by F. TAYLOR.
LECTURES ON UNITARIANISM-By Rev1
Geo. W. Burnap, 1 volume, price one dollar.
Just received, for sale by -.


oct20


F. TAYLOR,