Ian Parker Collection of East African Wildlife Conservation: The Ivory Trade

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Ian Parker Collection of East African Wildlife Conservation: The Ivory Trade
Physical Description:
t.ypescript report plastic spiral bound
Language:
English
Creator:
Parker, Ian.S.C.
Publication Date:
Edition:
Folder 1

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Ivory Trade
Africia wildlife

Notes

Abstract:
"A consultancy undertaken for Dr. Iain Douglas-Hamilton on behalf of the united states fish and wildlife service of the department of the interior, and the international union for the conservation of nature and natural resources, Morge, Switzerland."
General Note:
The Ivory Trade which consists of the commerce in ivory, biological aspects, discussions and recommendations and tables.
General Note:
Ian Parker Collection Re: East African Wildlife Conservation.
General Note:
Box 18: Galana Game and Ranching Ltd. which consists of a plastic cover spiral bound report "confidental"- 3/4".

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution.
System ID:
AA00020117:00025

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Personnel
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Calendar of events
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Finance
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Impact on local community
        Page 11
    Schedule of existing development
        Page 12
        Page 13
    Research
        Page 14
        Page 15
    Wildlife utilisation
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    Conclusion
        Page 21
    Audited accounts for 1987
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
    Projected cattle developments 1988
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
    Security reports
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
    The take-over of Galana by the Kenya government
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
    Back Cover
        Back Cover
Full Text
Development of the Ranch




GALANA GAME AND RANCHING LTD.

1) INTRODUCTION
(Pre Galana Game & Ranching
and Formation)
2) PERSONNEL
(Profile on each Director)
3) CALENDAR OF EVENTS
(Programme of Development
and Major Incidents)
4) FINANCE
5) IMPACT ON LOCAL COMMUNITY
6) SCHEDULE OF EXISTING DEVELOPMENT
(Also Proposed Future Development)
7) RESEARCH
8) WILDLIFE UTILISATION
9) CONCLUSION
(Giving Present-Day Situation)

Page .... 1
Page .... 2
Page .... 5
Page....9
Page...11
Page...12
Page...14
Page...16
Page...21




Chapter 1
GALANA GAME AND RANCHIING LTD.
INTRODUCTION
Following upon a conversation between the Permanent Secretary
in the Ministry of Livestock Development and Mr. Gilfrid Powys,
Managing Director, Galena Game & Ranching Limited, it emerged
that Government finds itself insufficiently briefed on the origins,
constitution and operation of the Galena Scheme. -It was agreed,
therefore, that the Directors should collate and put together a
comprehensive account of the operation covering all aspects.
This document, which is a schedule of facts and not opinions,
endeavours to provide the overall picture now required.
At the end of some chapters we have taken the liberty to quote
as a Reference any Senior Citizen who,,if desired, could verify
these facts.
Where necessary, relevant documents and Appendixes are attached
to clarify a statement. Included is the latest financial statement-,
a map of the Ranch, indicating the roads and water development,;
and a map indicating the Ranch's situation within the Province.
PRE-GALANA: REASONS FOR FORMATION OF GALANA GAME & RANCHING
Prior to the inception of the present operation, the area now
covered by the Galena Scheme consisted of 3,20Q square miles
of tsetse-infested, roadless and waterless bush lying between
the Tsavo National Park to the coastal hinterland and a strip
adjacent to the Somali border. The country contained no settled
human inhabitants, but held a large population of elephant,
rhino'. l.ion and other wild animals.
This'area was managed by a Government Wildlife cropping scheme
known as the "GALANA RIVER GAME MANAGEMENT SCHEME", which came
under the Ministry of Tourism and Wild'life. The area north of
the Galena river was State land, whereas the area south of the
river was vested in the Kilifi County Council, and known as Trust
Land.
The scheme was created in 1957 largely to employ the Wasonya or
Walangulu people, whose sole livelihood was hunting elephant in
the area.
As there was a vast population of elephant within the entire
ecological system, including most of Tana River and the Tsavo
Iark the Government cropped (-e.ephanlt to con ta in the growing
population, and processed their hides and meat, at the same
time employing the local Wasonya to legalise their hunting
activities.




As a result of the lessons that emerged from this scheme to cull
elephant, it was decided that a determined effort to develop the
vast potential of the region should be made. This, Government felt,
could best be done on the basis of h large scheme combining both
private enterprise, in which Government would have a stake, with
a co-ordinated effort to develop both the ranching and wildlifQ.
potential of the area.
Accordingly, on the 24th May 1966, the Kenya Government published
Gazette Notice Number 1813 which invited tenders for proposals to
utilise and develop the area so that up to 27,000 head of cattle
could' d be held and the wildlife be economically exploited on a
continuing basis.
The contract finally awarded went to a tender by Messrs Martin
Anderson (U.S. Citizen), Gilfrid Powys (Ke-nya Citizen), Michael
Prettejohn (Kenya Citizen).
It is understood that factors that influenced the choice of this
group were:
The status of Mr. Anderson, a prominent American La-wyer in a
position to put up the bulk of the capital, despite the
expectation of a slow and marginal return. Mr. Powys' position
as-the head of a long-established Kenya Ranching family who had
first-hand experience as a participant in the elephant cropping,
scheme, already-mentioned. Mr. Prettejohn's position as a member
of a long-established Kenya Farming family, with his own tourist
enterprise.
The official acceptance came as the Commissioner of Lands' letter,
reference 65678 /111/52 of 14th December 1966. There followed a
formal letter of allotment reference LD Plan No. 65678 /11 /48A,
as a result of which the three above mentioned persons founded
a Company entitled Gal ana Game and Ranching Limited, commissioned
to open operations on the lst July 1967.
The lease to pursue these activities was to run for 45 years.
REFERENCE:
Mr. Maina Wangigi. (At that time, P.S. in the Ministry of Agriculture)




Chapter 2
PERSONNEL
The three promoters of the Company who formed a partnership
in June 1967 to accept the lease offered by Government were:
1. MARTIN ANDERSON. Chairman & Director.
U.S. Citizen. Resident of Hawai.
Profession: Attorney at Law. Senior Partner of a prominent
Law firm, GOODSILL ANDERSON, QUINN & STIFEL.
Trustee of Stanford University, California.
Director of Hawaian Airlines
Member of the Hoover Institute, an affiliate of Stanford
University.
Member of the Executive Committee of Game Coin International.
Owner of one of the largest Ski Resorts in California.
2. MICHAEL G. PRETTEJOHN. Director Game & Tourism.
Kenya Citizen by Registration. Certificate No. K 19636.
Born at Nakuru. I.D. No. 5546502/5546486/65
Resident at his own farm in Nyeri District. Mweiga Location.
Profession: Farmer. Member of KANU. Nyeri Branch.
3. J.GILFRID L.POWYS. DIRECTOR Ranching.
Kenya Citizen-by Registration. Certificate No. 9064 of 25th
November 1966.
Paid up Member of KANU.. Membership No. 7/12.
I.D. No. 4583080/67
Born at Timau, Meru District. Now resident at Kisima Farm,
Rumuruti, Laikipia District.
Profession: Farmer.
Other Directorships:
a) Kisima Farm Ltd.
b) Kenya Meat Commission.
The two remaining 'Executive' Directors, i.e. Directors who
take an active part in Management are:
1) MR. A.N. CHEG( Head Range Management Division in the Ministry
of Livestock Development, and representing the 12% shareholding
which is in the name of the "Permanent Secretary in the Ministry
of Livestock".
2) MR. BRIAN R.HEATH. Director Resident General Manager.
Kenya Citizen by Registration. Certificate No.321040
I.D. No. 3895807/66.
Paid up Member of KANU. Membership No.194.
Born q- Nnlckuru.
Now resident It the Ranch since he was first employed there
to manage the Game Department A.W.L.F. Domestic Oryx Programme
in 1970.
NON-EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS:
1) MR. ANTHONY D.G. DYER.
Ex.President of the E.A. Professional 11unters' Association.
A professional hunter aind conservationist of world renown.




Kenya Citizen by Registration. Certificate No. 15836
I.D. No. 4473280 /62
KANU Membership No. TIM/215/71
Now farming and resident at Ngare Ndare, Meru District.
2) MR..R.S. MATANO.
Well-known Mombasa Senior Citizen. Assisted greatly during
the formation of the Company, particularly in resolving many
problems related to an undisciplined labour force, inherited
from the Government Game Management Scheme.
Lately no active part taken atall.
3) MR. A.S. ATHERTON.
Contributed U.S. Dollars in the early stages as a business
colleag-ue and f riend of Mr,. Anderson' s. Was asked to become
a Director as a gesture of appreciation for his considerable
capital investment.
No active part taken on the Board.
/5




/5
Chapter 3
CALENDAR OF EVENTS
Detailing progress of development and major incidents:
June 1967
Partnership of Anderson, Powys and Prettejohn sign lease of
L.R. No. Galana Ranch 1.
Nov. 1967
1,140 improved Boran breeding cows and calves crossed the
Galana River to the north bank, having been railed from Laikipia
to Voi, and then having walked from Voi.
These were the first known cattle to have moved into the area.
There being no previous known record of .any livestock being
kept more than 15 miles south of the Lak Korkona, which is
80 miles north of the Galana River.
1967-68
Two Iaffir dams constructed 2} million gallons.
Drilling rig purchased and drilling for water commenced.
August 1968
Mr. J. Vaughan, a licensed surveyor, commenced surveying
the Ranch boundary.
1968-69
Two further 2*} million gallon Haffir tanks completed. One
flaffir tank built for the Orma, to the north of the Ranch
boundary.
One conventional dam completed.
10 mile 2" pipeline completed, with 2 spray races.
Three 30,000 gallon tanks.
4,400 head of cattle on hand at June 1969.
1969-70
The low level causeway was constructed accross the Galana River.
2 Successful bore holes drilled.
6,954 head of cattle on hand.
1970-71
World Bank Loan through A.F.C. granted for E190,000.
Succesful bore hole completed in Lali Hills, and piped through
a 3" pipeline 13 miles north.
Three 30,000 gallon tanks.
8,000 head of cattle on hand.
1971-72
Meeting with Orma Elders. The D.C. liola and Assistant Commissioner
of Land- resolved harder dispute on the nortrhern boundary wit h
the Orma. /6




/6
A second dam constructed for the Orma north of the common boundary.
Three further successful bore holes drilled in the east.
Isolated quarantine area to the east of the Ranch completed, with
cattle yards etc. as a result of pumping water 8 miles from one of
the new boreholes.
1].100 head of cattle on hand.
1972-73
Further A.F.C. loan obtained.
Main Ranch pipeline-commenced.
27 miles of 6" 3" P.V.C. pipe pumping 8,000 G.'P.H. from the
Galana River north.
Original Ranch aircraft replaced with a six-seater Cessna.
A bore hole drilled for the Orma at Kone, and a windmill installed.
13,200 head of cattle on hand.
1973-74
Camels purchased from Moyale district to su pplement herders'
milk ration.
Main water pipeline completed and capable of providing water
for 16,000 head of cattle..
Cattle herd quarters completed at the centre of the Ranch.
VHF radio system installed..
14,226 head of cattle on hand.
1974-75
Further loan of E100,000 obtained from A.F.C.
16,800 head'of cattle on hand.
1976-77
Mr. Ifeath, who was research co-ordinator, takes over as Cattle
Manager.
Year of consolidation.
No development.
Cnttl. -umbers remained static.
1977-"78
Armed Somali Poachers commence extermination of elephant.
A.D.C. commences developing the 280,000 acres on the south
bank, which was originally to be leased to Galana Game &
Ranching Ltd. 10 years earlier.
Sheep and goats introduced on an experimental basis.
August 1977
Ken Clark, the Ranch Came Manager, killed by Somali Poachers.
Average head of cattle on hand 19,000.
/7




1978-79
Mr. Heath takes over as General Manager.
Laboratory built at Cattle II/Q.
Research agreement signed with K.E.T.R.I. to carry
out Trypanosomiasis work.
The most difficult year, up-to-now, with armed Somali poachers
continually lighting bush fires throughout the Ranch.
Cattle numbers: 19,000.
A stud breeding herd of registered cattle started.
Average number on hand: 18,998.
1979-80
Further A.F.C. 3oan negotiated to purchaf steers, for E200,000
Average no. of cattle on hand: 18,900.
1980-81
Final major water development embarked on, costing 75,000,
pumping water from the Galana river 13 miles inland, delivery
3,000 G.P.H., using 3" pipe, and providing water for 6,000
head of cattle.
Further, and final, loan from A.F.C. obtained for E200,000.
Average no. of cattle on hand: 20,600.
1981-82
A dam construction unit formed, comprising 2 large-wheeled
tractors and scoov.
First 4 million gallon H1affir dam completed by the Ranch's
own unit.
20,600 head of cattle on hand plus 3,000 goats and 2,500
Dorper sheep.
1982-83
Further addition to piped water completed, off the original
main pipeline, providing water for a further 3,.000 head of
cattle.
Entire VHF radio system replaced with superior equipment.
1983-84
The year of the great drought, causing particularly aggressive
illegal grazing from the Orma in the north.
Orma cattle move through the Ranch to establish themselves now
permanently in the northern area of the Tsavo East National park.
A.F.C. re-schedule the repayment terms of their loans.
Due to continued deaths, the goats disposed of. The Ranch
continued increasing the Dorper sheep flock.
The Ranch dam unit continues to build 2 dms a year.
Average no. of cattle on hand: 20,931.




1984-85
A second light aircraft was purchased for the Cattle Manager,
to increase his efficiency in general supervision.
Research work was-commenced in conjunction with I.L.C.A.
Average number of cattle on hand: 24,510.
1985-86
Mr. A.N. Chege replaces Mr. L.J. Ayuko as Director representing
Ministry of Livestock Development.
Ranch accounts and records become computerised, after purchase
of I.B.M. system.
Cattle-on hand: 26,094.
1986-87
The E75,000 water development was commissioned.
This scheme developed a bore hole drilled iIO years previously ,
iii the eastern extremity of the ,Ranch, and created a totally
isolated quarantine area for cattle purchased from the north.
Average no. of cattle on hand: 22,440.




/9
Chapter 4
FINANCE
To launch the Company the following foreign exchange was
brought into Kenya, with the Kenya Pound equivalent at the
1968 exchange rates:
U.S. Dollars
KE 55,422 from Martin Anderson.
KE 34,010 from A.S. Atherton.
Pounds Sterling
K 9,942 from Gilfrid Powys: brought f.rom England. Savings
from a family legacy.
Kenya Pounds
KE 26,000 from Sangare Ranch. Value of cattle purchased from
Sangare Ranch, which was jointly owned by Anderson
and Prettejohn.
KE 12,000 from Ministry of Agriculture.
KE 25,000 loan from Standard Bank of Kenya Ltd.
KE162,374
Mr. Martin Anderson has subsequently invested, either by Loan
Capital, or Share Premium Account, a further U.S. $649,000.
And Mr. Gilfrid Powys, a further KE 26,426.
And Mrs. Dyer: KE 20,426.
See Appendix K for details of Martin Anderson's subsequent
capital contribution.
See Appendix L. Latest Galana Game & Ranching Financial Statement.
REFERENCES:
Mr. Stephen Smith and Mr. Martin Lister
Partners: Murdoch McRae & Smith.
110




/10

FINANCE (cont.)
The first five years were entirely exploratory, there having
been no history of livestock being kept in the area.
By 1971, the Directors agreed to expand operations, and the A.F.C.
was approached, who was administering the world Bank Kenya
Livestock Development project.
In ]971 an initial loan of 3.8 million shillings was
negociated.
The Company's activities expanded and cattle continued to thri~ve.
So three further loans were obtai-ned, specifically to purchase
immature cattle from Tana River District.
1975: 2 million shillings.
1980: 4 million shillings.
1981: Finally, 4 million shillings.
Total borrowing from A.F.C.: 13.8 million shillings, of which
there remains SHS.4,327,842 total outstanding.
After the A.F.C. re-scheduled their loan the Company has only
briefly been in arrears-on capital repayment, and,at the time
of writing, has all capital and interest installments up to date.
It has been Company policy not to declare dividends, so that
all available cash can be returned to improve the property.
Furthermore, now that the Company is in a profit making
situation, having to service A.F.C. loans after tax, puts the
cash flow situation in a critical position.
It should be noted that the tax paid in 1985/86 was KE 5,970
and i ,n 1986/87 K 89,122.




Chapter 5
IMPACT ON LOCAL COMMUNITY
It is felt.that this should only be related to the present
day situation, although an interesting calculation of all
immature cattle purchased from Tana River District since the
Company began operations, indicates that 74,529,067 million
shillings has been passed on to the local people through the
purchase of cattle.
a) Annually, 10 million shillings is paid to small traders in
Tana River District and North Eastern.Province.
b) A further average of 75,000 shillings is paid to the County
Council, by way of fees, annually.
c) Galana employs 400 permanent staff.
d) Galana sells 800 fat cattle per month for consumption in Mombasa.
e) Galana has put a roof on the Garsen Primary School value Shs.30,000.
and supplied materials for the Kipao School.
Galana is in the process of building a Harambee School at Assa in
Belissa location, Tana River District.
Total value of these three projects : 100,000 shillings.
f) Galana has provided bursaries annually for two of the most deserving
pupils in Garsen Division, amounting to 3,600 shillings annually, for the
past ten years.
g) A special scholarship was also provided for one pupil amounting to
4,000 shillings in 1987
h) GalanR has drilled and equipped one bore hole for the Orma people on
the Tiva River, It has also built two Haffir dams within Belissa location.
i) Galana has also built a well, and provided a hand pump, (paid for by the
local community) at Assa.
j) Galana has undertaken some major road repair works on the Chakama/ Sala
Gate road in the past. In conjunction with Kulalu Ranch. These repairs
involved Galana's heavy machinery for several weeks. No charge was raised
to the Kilifi County Council.
REFERENCES:
Mr. Akwahi: District Officer, Garsen.
Mr. Haji Ibrahim Abbas Noor: KANU Chairman, Garissa, and ex M.P.




/i2

Chapter 6
SCHEDULE OF EXISTING PERMANENT IMPROVEMENTS
FOLLOWED BY PROPOSED FUTURE DEVELOPMENT
1) Water
a)120 miles of P.V.C. pipelines from 6" diameter to 2".
b) 34 x 45,000 gallon water storage tanks and troughs.
c) 2 x 100,000 gallon water storage tanks and troughs.
Piped water is sufficient to run 30,000 head of cattle.
d) 4 x 4 million gallon Haffir dams.
10 x 2 million gallon Haffir dams.
1 conventional dam covering 70 acres of water when full.
2) Roads Firebreaks etc.
a) 800 miles of standard roads, minimum width 35 yards.
b) 300 miles of .farm tracks.
c) 500 miles of high-standard cambered roads 50 metres wide.
d) 17 airstrips.
e) 80 miles of demarcated boundary,.60 yards wide.
3) Cattle Facilities
a) Cattle handling yards and spray races. (8).
b) 4 Cattle weigh scales (one electronic scale costing 15,300).
4) Farm Buildings
5 Senior Staff houses.
3-banda Tourist Lodge.
10 Assistant Managers' houses.
Comprehensive Labour Lines for 100 permanent employees.
Workshop stores.
Modern office and computer room.
Dispensaries. Laboratory. K.E.T.R.I. Research Scientist housing.
2 staff shops
SEE AT'iACHEI) SCHEDULE OF ASSETS IN ACCOMPANYTNC, ACCOUNT-.

/ 13




Proposed Future Development:

/13

1. Establishing a tsetse free area round the new quarantine
holding ground, using tile tsetse fly target method described
in the Chapter No. 8 on Research. Initial estimated cost:
E12,000, but with on-going expenses.-
2, Re-supplying water to the Lali Hlills bore hole' reticulation '
system. (The Lall Hlills bore hole has been dry for the last
three years.) This will necessitate up-gradinfg the existing
10 mile 2" pipeline from HI.Q. Estimated cost: E35,000.
3. Completion of the School at Assa.
4. Construction of a 2A million gallon'dam for the Orma between
the northern boundary and Garsen.
5. To embark on an extensive cattle buying programme with tile
help of U.S.A.I.D. to fund further developments to the quarantine
area; and supplement the functions of the defunct L.M.D.
SEE APPENDIX NO.M..
REFERENCE:
Mr. M. McWerter. U.S.A.I.D). Private Enterprise Advisor,
U.S.A.I.D., Nairobi.

/ 14




/14

Chapter 7
RESEARCH
1) Veterinary:
A research agreement was signed with. K.E.T.R.I. in 1980.
K.E.T.R.I. are charged a nominal rent for the use of Laboratories
and all services rendered. In return, they have available any
number and type of livestock with supporting management, to work on.
Initial studies included:
1) Monitoring incidence of Trypanosomiasis in camels, and
testing various drugs.
2) Making a tsetse fly survey of the area.
3) 'Testing the efficiency of various drugs available, for
prophylaxis and treatment of Trypanosomiasis.
4) In colboration with the Chemotherapy of Trypanosomiasis
Research project of the Ministry of Agriculture, lengthy
trials on Trypanosomiasis resistant strains.
5) Detailed investigation into the possibility of Trypanotolerance
occurring in the Orma cattle. K.E.T.R.I.'s work.in this field has
proved without doubt, the Trypanotolerant qualities of these
animals.
6) Trials were conducted on the efficiency of various
acaricides, with regard to reducing the incidence of
Trypanosomiasis.
7) Various drug companies used K.E.T.R.I.'s scientists and the
field facilities at Galana to test the efficiency of fly
repellants.
8) A method of "vaccinating" or immunsing animals against
Trypanosomiasis has heen carried out.
Work carried out by K.E.T.R.I. in fields unrelated to Trypanosomiasis
include :
a) Mineral deficiency trials.
h) Investigation into a catastrophic new cattle disease causing
heavy mortality through liver damage.
c) Investigation into various skin diseases.
Significant research into Heartwater disease of sheep has been
undertaken by Dr. Kio of the Veterinary Research Laboratories
Kabete. This work is on-going, and is at a stage where the system
of immunising sheep against Heartwater can be carried out on a
commercial basis.
REFERENCE:
Dr. A. Njogu, Director, K.E.T.R.I. Nairobi. /15




RESEARC9i (cont.)
2) Wildlife Domestication:
1. The Government Game Cropping Scheme employed local Wasanya.
2. Dr. King, the head of the Came Department's Capture Unit
started research into the domestication oaf wildlife, on
Galana.
3. In 1970, the African Wildlife Foundation agreed to fund a
pilot scheme into wildlife domestication as part of the Ranch's
terms of reference to make good use of the wildlife resource.
The Ranch's contribution lay in providing houses, services,
staff, management assistance. The Came-Department participated
with staff.
A.W.F. funded this research project for 8 years until 1978,
maintaining a full-time researcher.
This input lead to a series of high-quality research papers
in the international scientific press, and the Galana Game
Ranch Research Project is world renowned for its pioneering.
efforts in wildlife domestication.
Since 1978, no comparable attempt at wildlife ranching has
been made anywhere else in Africa.
3) Wildlife Hunting:
See Chapter 8.
APPENDIX 0
PRE-FER EN CE:
D r. ',-. R. Stan Iey- Pr ice,
Director, A.W.F., Nairobi.

/15




Chapter 8 /16
WILDLIFE UTILISA~TION
On this subJect.. the letter of allotment provided as follows:-
"General Conidi tions"
2.. The land shall be LusedA for the pUrpose of control led game
cropping, cattle ranching. meat processing ...
di) construct a meat factory and refrigeration. plant with such
facilities and on SUCh a *SCal- IRS to permit the prbczessing of. all game
Illp't which becomes available as a reSUlt Of QaMe Cropping."
"Special Conditions"
".Game cropping Sh-all be: carried out-by the Grantee in accordance
w ith the following r-Ules:
C. The Grantee may utilise the productS Of cropped animals.*
b. Ga ()e c r np pi no ahall h(7 inr ar(c.or diin ce w i a n a niInal1 quota
a I Io-- t ed by L.he Game Department. and the G3rantee. shall
ri~id ly rahl re to the terms of the allotment of thte quta -.
EPoth maX I MLm FAnd mInI ML~cm quotas. will. be Stipulated."
TOURISM AND HUNTING
o tc r C) C na I C 01 CPp t Ji nr~I res ted on the e:-pansio.n of a. scheme f or
marI eI h u ace hn ~ .inc~de~i q~d -0 r inqin forf..icin exc haniae fo
'-~-~-- ~ ~ ~ To ernablin thei G;.-me De'partment to Set quotas for each
-pecies, preliminary aerial count was carried out. There followed
f L1I- iihe r coun ts to aSse!.:.. he i "pac t of t he of fftak~e. The resul1tS of,
Lhe'se c oun t s arc gi,..en in Appendix A (1, 2 and 3) Arid it will be
c- Prv ecdi: tha it the numbers of ani imal1s i.-.] led SMOtn ted to onl lv/ 2 per
rctt of the CuotA0 -for males Alone. See Appen dix, B. The infrastrUCture
-inr- this opec-stion covered -. Gamie tinaqer with thi rty five spotm
;-f f the dievelopmnerit of roaI~ds two permanent camps. ciaime watering
r- t S thr- purcha se of vehi cl1es and c zc.uipi. ng Ceq Ui.p m S r1t all costing
I I I I i g e'nirn f- tontI -PrI c~l wit h t hu I~IC7.- f~ -I c t'. -cI Ior t- ti15c
r,- I~~ n I o o e t-1 (I)-,I it' Of : f 7-* for Pa4: h An1- in.A I t. t Il T ) (",I' i h IV return
rI. fl 1 qninm;.ls tcLIS k iiled, together with thec! *e.s. coll 1e ct.e d vwe nt t o
1-.he DepArthment. See example Appendix C.
.11 0,7 ni tir. yvars of this operations., tprndnatinci in .1976 with the ban on
III N.1- h int i rT- br-ni h t i n -in Mvrg f i:~C pe) S;um mot o
w~i r- r~re. ~r td r~rre'i ri e: inn The fi n .] yer no ti. 5)ti~~
n 1 j 11:, ~ -'r : 1i .-?ri t ~-, wo'n Lt. I- I i ? Di L I- E'l IDr~ 1- (.1tl F J'
* lrilit r -d tic(i nns- fotr5 the' vr-kt J c77 ct-i -Iti hadC t C I ;,~I rjn I ln rj c~ 1
q h- e r (DUri h t i, t _zr~- ti 1 n1 .)i nJ it) for cI O I ,r ? h:Ial




/11

TOURISM PHOTOGRA\PHIC
The susbstitution i n the tourism operation of photography for hunting
rrqiroda mainr re-orientation. The new thrust had to be complemen-
trary to the facilities in the N~ational P'ark:s. It had to be built an a
different type of upmarket client,. and hnce vas5 not in competiti on
with the parks.~ At the sam~ne time,, revenue fell with the disappearance
of hunting and game fees. Staff had to be redued, resulting in the
rrzant onof the Gamin Mi-igi~or wicrith a surpporting force of only ten
Omployees, and _thp' closure and the reverVesion to Go vernment of the
onti-ocianhinj rg oper;~tion at a timte wht-en poaching~ had shwn a dramatic
i ricleasE. Pho~soograph,(.ic- sq Farts.! have con tinted upF toC the presentrl day,
Firinrging int a satisfactonry (althogh r-edued) income averaging approw--
imatiny KL40,000 pery, "?Y ann.m. mos~-tly in foreign ex change. The 1986/87
Occno~trts Yhnw ar n innomin nfKL4J,0 ?C42. C:onfirmned bookinirgs to date for-
IP8788 re ort sop rA5.00 o K50,00 ithdepos~its already in
ha~nd inir foreig i.n exchangenE1 of Vshs 40,000. Cancellatioi. n of theme
hookin iq 9s woulr d be a highl1 1y embar;.,rassingn breacha tti of fac-ith~ and
detrt rilien ta l to torisme i~n Vinnya.~.
ANTI P COACHING AND COLLECTION OF FOUND IVRY ETC.
At- the start of the Scheme it was agreed that the company would
wonoperate with th~e Game Department in the anrti-poaching operation and
thee coll 1ec tion of found trophies, mainly ivry. At that time the
poaching threat consisted mainllly of th-'e traitional7J tribal methods and
lri onti-poaching forc consistingir~ of one Toyota kandcru~iser withr eight
men ar:(irme d with s hotgun ons And .30:3 rifles w it th two attached Game
Rangers, sufficedi ce d. AccCommodati i.on and equcipment for this force cost
opu rpxi ima tel y M9.000:c:, and the annual rur.nning-coCtst~s came to KLt~:I4,500.
Thi is unit accounts F ted for 19 Arrsts, result iting i n 1555 court
r: nvitluIEIni additi~~ion th e unrrit r-ecvered 4,033 kilogl~rams; ofol
vory-' and 42.5 k~ilgrms of rhino horn,, all of w ich wlent into a Game
Wpartmentnt register. Thei Came Deprtment, when prl osibl, colllected the
lonry~r- and -transporte-l:Ed it to Hombsl:,sa; atr other~e times thel Scheme did
this. Thp Department riimbursind porC~rterage co ~Ots and still owes~ shs
Vno r hM I cancli-isin" i 1 t shmuo~.ld bie mentionpH that:~~ a number of
ccll~ted pieces M Fhow i vorv wprp p~IF1.~ 31.1 rrhase d fromll the Game Departmlent
hv th- 9 Ccheme anrd a Wttpr al van~l~r fnr thpirv retentl-ion. See Appendix D.
Havemhm !h~ r 1? 78~. phe C.I.D. r-mnd these pipirpo together with t hf z~.:1:h
returnedrii~d This episoe ga.gve risi.e to orossl inaccurate publicit
rnfle ting upnn lpr,, thpc- intlF'writy DI the S~:chEmp. I
*For the current calender year, actual receipts for our Foreign
Exchange Ac~count are: Shs.1,133,009/40. An h ube fsfr
guests is 192 : :- I;




/18

A\S regards the general conduct Of our hunting operations in which we
never approached our full quotas, especially of elephant, even after
the spectacular increase in the price of ivory, an extract from a
lette 'r from the Chairman, Mr Anderson to Mr Ogutu, the then Minister,
d-ated .June 9. 1977, is highly relevant.
I Would also like- to mention that even when our lease agreement with
the qovernment permitted is; tn C~ull TXK) elephant a vear. and later we
vOlUntarily reduced that quota i(in order to meet criticism that Galana
WAS not UtilisingO it-. game --u-fficiently), Galana never shot elephant
..,: C CP with licenced hunting parties or a half dozen animals per year
tc pa-y, in part A-fe heavy e,.prv7ne of a seven-man, ant'i-poeching patrol.
Whr-n'i thi price cf iv.orv syoltd.Ga.IiAna did not pr-ofit by shootina
- pharnt which it tihed every right to (do under Our lease and quota in
Esflct
(- ftr r 776. thle pc hinai prosbl1em trool. on a significant change, both in
M0r~in i. tUde and in quLA].ity. W. t h the arrival of o r aan ised Oanas 0of
r~- P: a I' s ar"med Withb 8iiU.0M;.ti1 we-apons many of them ethnic Som .
bui~ldincl up a~n increas ing network of support from sympathetic elements
r~ e'y *a -very se-rjiou~S threat not orily to elepha--nts, but also to laW.
;r-d cirder has ~r isn. A1n early indication cv -.his came w it h the
murder by shifta Lisinr-l EttCtn'%.-AtiC7= of Mr- V'.n Clar --- (the G3ame Manaaier)
jhi I e or ;an arti-po,-chtinq operation on 3rd August 197 7 This
development came as the overriding reason in addition to the financial
factor mentioned above, -for the disbanding of the small Galana aniti-
f~~chrc force. H owL)e "Inr f. th e scher- agreed to retain a residual
ovrd I emen t i ri ai t i --porAch incl Thle deta.iE1 and the hActtround laid down
in a FAIet ter of I9.9.77 from thp Chairman to the Head of the Anti-
F>-oc h i ng For-ce, read
'~I)I Galana 6,ame, and R'ancthi ng is ti sconti.nuing its anti poaching unit
,7;"d rj making it avai labl e to t:he new World B~ank organisation f or anti
PDoz hinca work in the T savo and Gal aria arees. In fact we-bel jeve the
lr:ader Mr G PUlei, ties already been interviewed.
ana wi. I I con t r i bu te ar, arnntlta I budgeted Sum to help def rav
t.: a1~~ the assu~mptioni that: )h i.s n ew in te r At ed un it w ill in fact
-, At-rn .1 I ;c t.i ve I -Y oni Re: nca ri. The amount will1 be determined by
till-Itu I aq r eeten t based on VOLur COStS arid the time to be d ev ote d
i-ot Tiriy o thp Galenia Ra=nch area.
11I o 1n ; ra -~Itt1e monoof ci-mt -if: w'Jill under ta l:( e r a a~it j. in f o r na i ion
r.rr-7V I'lIr-i~ (1 0 c fhIi i a i 1 1 S-, al ci iiria, ind other Undesirable activi ties
.11Mr relav this information toD 'I )U
C Iara r I r_ i Jon to w i fh d raw V ro 0 ar mliar an ixv ,r1ti j oa ch jn (i
c .i.i t.y is necess i ta Led A: the a p pea r arice P0f well armepd ind
or a ri is Pd Som8 Ii poachers. T he poIi t i calI imnpIca r1t i ons 0of this
de 0 F op (,[n -q U i r e that VUn hc. ,e a cioverrnirvo t handle A: th1e si. 1tati or)
N> I I-. t!-' (J 1' 1 t a C.o v I,- lo).-'ri .r~ F -cj h. h e r t~ l a n -:3 ~




1'1 9

s~i also recognised tc.t the Somali poachers pose a very serious
thr-eat to Galana's cattle operation. Indeed failure of Government to
co-ntrol these Somalis may well lead to loss of cattle, grazing areas
and stoct.k losses."
r je present Situation is highly precarious. The armed gangs who are
rStimated already to havu accounited for some 3,0C) elephant, and the
-n t ire rhino popLulatinn are intensifying and le:ztendina their
,pr'orti )ns accompanie 'd by open tHreats to senior management and others
tn the spot. The effect of recent operations by the Army and GSU still
-ema ins to be seen, but in viwof the abrupt removal of these -forces
;ord information to indicate that the majority of the bandits merely
d i -prsrd while remaining on the ranch, a come-bac k seems highly
r- rl n' prh i-% 1 c )rin 11 a. dersire- to revenge F.n 'd to show that
~a irthr-eats were not empty. The Schemne had understood that some
F rm I of .armed force wnuld rer.:!in an the scene in the aftermath of
he=Fe opr in u:a r.ent no plans for t-his appear Po ei s;t.
w1t hOL.10h i ni- r-,asec ;iv. dta-tiinc ac ti vi .y .i n the p;Ar ne t oor may br,
*- somne indirect assistankrce.
PROTEIN SCHEMES
rl-rr ri-i r ,r~ ; ks p-c, (-f 1 e r:-- f r-eferrcp of the Schemre? I av in the
* n.r t develop mc Ihnds: cvf ut-il isi ng th(7. immense potential of protein
C-at. trr- a; IId hicdps nf fc,-red by th- sicrI: fClAme animals in t he,
I Dir- E!sp ite ever, ', (?f f or !- 1t.o !. 11:i I i se f o h Um an consumption tAhe
r'*,r-iss= 1"C SUlting from hUn'lt-mig it was soon realised that these were
a: o t t er'rrI !Anid 1oo flew- to 0SUppcort -. si.1ccesful operation. At the
- -io I-: i h- .rw-ver, hnp .?s w r- re pl ari tcd ur.on the poss ibhi 1ity of sc hemes,
c!- in irig rz. i t Ir.,r u1.ponlI;tI- q ar-?--s I. a Ie? c u I liri g o r the domes tica tion o f
L -J Ltin w i ld l: ;pcies, SU 1i~: al orvyx in the area A major obstac le 1,a-y
r :1-le ile twort of laws_ rconcperninq the processing and sale of meat for-
IIti'-I C- ..rl sum 1-)t j.on- Toc pr ovide !-he an swer to these ma:.ny c ompIic ated
- p-~- ~iD r.-rgramme cif ri:srarch in col laborat1ion with the Game Depar-
mrr-rt A fW L. F TP,, a A fr nd M. vere sf-t up by the Sc heme. Af ter f iv
- -A ~*i t emrer-cied onI i hlaie the inns promising line of Approach
i-' i t hc-: d 0 ,(-s ti c ati 'r I o f f (I Ifor sa Ie' 0n t he hoof SinTICE t.he se
(:(IIi 1r viv it cIi v 1 ivo fr 1 ryr periods: wi tho.I t water buit were the moist
;, .tri r, H "t 1-1 Fpv'c .ic-= 1or-ik 1 y (~fir;i- thir-. Jrto a thE -fact, that. the
f :ed i ig Ila b i t s of ort~ I-~:'thsm clear of rmfe i-nwthdomeStic
1-'c t .- ee Appendix E.
pi 1 )t. 57rhAlfMr. !-,dr l( mroa it ra cc thr :;it( e v-- t.-f. h n r a
1 '.e a1 herdls: C.'' (.o-- I r! 1) 1.-- 1r ti 1: 1 'p i- p ~: I i.c t i. on w as mid e t:o
-c- I r in I-r tf r. i- per Inn f (I f' c I~ I u e t h C rc C] &A of k. r e anI)d foC-Ir the
;-1 1e ir -f aniimails to pchsr;on i (Lommterc ial bi. Thsapplicattion
(I f I P twoc miore vea7,r diir inct th.i c-h a) total. bar ly n the cirptt.re 8arid
1:_ -it W.f (-I I 1'J1 1;11f l i fF?. r:-i:Ijr i n.i I i '7tive C-r' fro(mi
* '",-n! -;ir-(ri n' ~ ~ 'Ii r.m ~~-* ~ Irn rir-mrr ici: -firI- p;-c 'po
''t ,~ni I't r I~'~ :I'j t-f I ~f.J I hUV~




/20

propos.) was made -for the establishment of a mobile meat, bone and
t. "I IOW processing Unit. Market research done through Dr Mann and the
tIC indicated that Such products would be readily sold at an economic
price. In an, initially favourable reaction, Government indicated that
t-i-?re E-V processing unit to be acquired 'Authority to proceed on a
:c)I:M erci al IscalP would LIP givt-n. Accordingly -the Roard of Directors
pl aced Anl order with Messr-s Hartz and 1Pl of Nairobi of the con-
t r-iic Li on of ,ii ~t. which wajs duliy deli vered at a cost of l% L8.50
O~ppendix F.. However, when G3over-nment was asked for the go-ahead of the
C;c h e me in accordance with the verbal assurances that had been aiven.
or-ce more there came' a. neative reply refe-rence the Elirector's lFetter
of 26.6.81. Appendix G. Once again, the project had bepen brought to a
halt, but not until. On this occasion, a large Capital sum had been
..nvc- ted in it.
PROTECTION AGAINST P'REDATORS
'ince predators. mainly lion take somre 30head of domestic stock per
.7inrium in Galana, a S',stem had to e-ist -from the outset "for the
nn tr cI of these species. t+_nting, before the ban, w e r)t some way
i~'ia sprovidingj this,* although the,' full quota of lion was never
LTDr~ u. (See remarks Appendix< B). After- thr.:- hu~ntingi ban, systematic
~-o, I rn 1 was 4. n t- I -lv ured l~o .ipon z ull selective def.ini tion of the
rnl:i I E-U I F7- t- i. .1. 1 ed ThuLS onlIy a fter a l ion tied twice attack--ed stock
'.~it :Shont. Howe-ver, c ver -i twelve year period, this process resul ted
. t) t- he ac EA C lM m)U 1 El C) F1 C)f C:1- f .1 r I io siins A fit li record of eac h
I Joni ho t on con tro I haq.; "been 1: e pt andi re ttrrns, submitted to the Gkover-
-ris. ( vide Sample Append ix H) 1: ir Ie~ h'tritt.i nlq ball We h'A0
u on 7 e Er m 11i I ., f 0) 17.1-1" "- f S;11'11 i Si lI .iii wh i ch in a minor way
~'~p~Tit-dFor tL-FIrs~ ~r ti c- Fn, af tet the hunting bani, all
I s: n ecCm lo'ernmirr t tryp' I' thi avenue of r e v PT nu WE ws
ir d r" LIF tit f i r-!t wc, lroent tht-w- siin to Go-,,,erriment t. to rePs in
~I ri md i o r 11 cm b i-k-lE thutt. whei hte ap:i of such s tot-age h ad been
h Z.-tF t Ed the 6E-rrne tWardE -ri os \rrb i asked us to I-old them on
tIe PA n chf In- 1987. -.Imp~ EDi r r: :or. of OetsaaGame Industries, an ,a
J~ 14 t t l7 G -: a ha saw these tk r 'nd offere-d the Sc-heme a actod price
f ot the irI e-.rort to t:hi-t cou~trti' AtI this; -1-Jme our stock of some- 125
FL I irIp 'o to hr- -Jr c-,oodl co.nd iiti when i nspec ted; by contrast the
tt i he -.hwte D-no 'p..ir I-rri t. i ri H.--.i 1 i idi i.were f found to, be rot ten
h1-ri 1CohCI0 r .- r. ,- t was rade to 0~overnmen t for a permit tLo 5 e 1 1
r. C1 c;- 1 X s 1o oil~ t he arournds of loss of revenue p reviousl Iy
iI rwC1 i r .,% I I ; ;I~ 7 i j C t hr- Etct t he Gcve rn men t c'wred (and
1 1 w- ~ ; 1 .0CW!'~ f i~r r r r. ~i .iv an'd s hs r) t I0 o he
r?. Icir' 1 '. C Cn 0 V ti t hc;-r (IC.i V c- a 1(1 ms. f r c- omp r-n s .t t corn f o:,t-
0 f C I b - P Fd ak i -r ( 17 Ap p end i x I i hakd n ot and st i I 1 1vP riot.
'fiemt .Govc-rwieni t i- eac trd 4Favoutrably t~o th-is rent..ist (reference
W C.MD letter Append ix J) Arifd i ssupd Ihe eiAre:port prrmi t on
i JAI t h 01 wh i. cl th chemcIoii-' wr--n t to cons idereb 1e e:: p rnse 0o1
ri I i .I -- .1ri rp cI r rI p p no ;-knd TI~ r- r i i-irv- pr i i 1- c;. H ow e-v rr thIe whfIolIe
I .. ii 1. r~ iy~ rn I i t-A .r ti I If'- i I l, c ii k '1 t iriu dr -t z .C i n t.he
fii i ri H i r' I i l I I 11) :-, -J I iii c,'(r o fi F' fl ; r I 1i.t i
* r. i~~~ *1A~~ii Ii r,( ;u I I Il I r 11,. F.iI ~ TI ia e a -e .h i
I I,* r. ;. ri-' I h 1 LI n :'p i (I v I. I- ck d I-i~ a:t ri cc 1 t.
M.C,, PRETTEJOHN

DIRECTOR




/21
Chapter 9
CONCLUSION
An undprl vinR assumpti on that the goodwi 1l. understand ng
:i ft d r--'- op-r a t i onl o f Go v er nitm n I roll i I d I)(- re i ed( u pon
consti tuted a fundamental factor in the inception of tile
ca a S che in e.
itwas; on t hi s premi seI hai tIhit I)i rectors entered upon a
pit o. I c t t h:i t hvld o it I iI I I 1 ,~x )(r1i i on of ear 1 y f i na nti a
r !tii rn i ni whlichi Ma rt in A n (1e .ts1 n had Ole conftidIie nce t;o i n ve st
mnore than U1.S. $ 500,000 o)f his personal assets.
ITlle present situation on Gal ana, which we hope, has arisen
entirely y ouit of a gross inistinderistandi ng' and lack of accurate
information being passed to the various Government Departments,
is as follows:
'I W e' a r e in t h e h I Ph *1y r m)a r ra ss ing si I int io n oIF can celln g
overseas visitolts' 1)r e- 1)lo k ed s a f a r i at n o no ti c e w it h
I)(s.-; i hi 1 (' m~ ( gI Z1:gil ii lterll i i I 11 cur t a cti oill ag sI G
b) W,- are reduced to operating. a 1.9 million acre Ranch with
the use of two airstr [ps. (Previ ousl y 17 having been
l icen sedc).
It silotld be noted t~hat the Ranch has used n light aircraft
t r irrv out dayv-to-day tmianageimient si nce 1 (67
See Appendix N forrasn ouenaicft
;ie re, asked t o c oni i nutii thec c.it, LIeI opcravi oil hav in ri, een
a cr: iits ed o f c onc ti d g u r c.c lvi iie / busn Cs seCs 1:o0uch11ing F
L1 tatI-e s ec u r it y.
se rut ha t fr om an n)e ruiis of this diiuine ntL, a nd a fter c he ck in p
hit ri p ef pr n cr -s q1ote rd vie wil o i rce p gi n b)e gi %'Pn Government
' p or I t n c I I i tu oII] I r npr. rl o t il ;u i ni o I a 11v c I ena re d of I h tes e
Z1. ls aC C if -I i on1.
I G .. OY
1) 1 C. I2 VF,1)F 11 7 1)l R F'C' P) 1\

(7,A1,A NA -(;A HI- & R A N C11.1N(; L'I1).




Audited Accounts for 1987




Murdoch Mcre Sit
Chrtere~d Accoutitants Certfied Puli Accoutns (Key




CALANA CAME AND RANCHING LIMITED
,REPORT AND FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 1987
CONTENTS

Page
2
3

Officers and professional advisers
Directors' report
Auditors' report
Profit and loss account
Statement of reserves
Balance sheet
Statement of source and application of funds
Notes to the financial statements
.Detailed profit and loss account

- 10
- 16




GALANA GAME AND RANCHING LIMITED

DIRECTORS' REPORT

The directors have pleasure in presenting their annual report and.
the audited financial statements for the year ended 30 June 1987.
1. RESULTS
The results for the year ended 30 June 1987 are as follows:

1987
K .E.

19863
K .E.

112,417
(4,800)
107,617

Profit after tax
Preference share dividend
Profit transferred to reserves

19,796
(4,800)
14,996

2. DIVIDEND
No dividend Is recommended on the ordinary shares. Provision for
dividend on the redeemable preference shares has been made in the
accounts.
3. DIRECTORS
The present membership of the board is set out on page 'I.
On 29 July 1986 Mr. L.J. Ayuko r.esigned as a Director of the
Company and Mr. A.M. Chege has been appointed in his place.
In accordance with the Company's-Articles Mr. M. Anderson,
Mr. A.D.G. Dyer and Mr. M.G. PretteJohn retire from the board by
rotation but, being eligible, offer themselves for re-election.
4. AUDITORS
Murdoch, McCrae & S'mith have expressed their willingness to
continue in office in accordance with the provisions of the
Companies Act.

Director

N a Iroab I: 9 WO-WC,,, 19 8 7




AUDITORS' REPORT TO THE MEMBERS
OF
GALANA GAME AND RANCIIING LIMITED

S Smeth C A C P A (IK
W LW Oer -F C A.C PA i0O

We have examined the books of account of the Company which,
in our opinion, have been properly kept and we have obtained
all the information and explanations that we considered
necessary for our audit.
In our opinion, the financial statements on pages 4 to 10
which are in agreement with the books of account of the
Company, give a true and fair view of the state of the
affairs of the Company at 30 June 1987 and of the profit and
source and application of funds for the year then ended and
comply with the Companies Act.

nc~, ~

/AV40C41

Nairob i: q / y beo,

1987

COLLEGE HOUSE. UNIVERSITY WAY. P O BOX 46578 NAIRODI. KENYA TELEPHONE 701031 46

Mudoch, McC & Smith
Chartered Accountants Orrtfied Publk AccountMnt
3.




GALANA GAME AND RANCHIING LIMITED
PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT
Year ended 30 June 1987

1987
Note K.E.
2 201,539
89,122
I12,417'
3 (4,800)
107,617

1986
K.E.
25,766
5,970
19,796
(4,800)
14,996

Profit from operations
Taxation
Profit after taxation
Preference share dividend
Profit transferred to reserves

STATEMENT OF RESERVES

35,588
107j617
143,205

20,592
14,996
35,588

Reserves brought forwa-rd
Transfer from profit and loss
account
Reserves carried forward




BALANCE SHEET 30 June 1987

GALANA GAME AND RANCHIING

LIMITED

1987
K.E.

1986
K.E.

Note

CURRENT ASSETS

Cash and bank balances
Debtors
lt vestock and inventories

164,961
73,057
812,491
1,050,509
5,599
90,042
198,597
294,238

1,407
157,526
784,125
943,058
84 ,880
5,970
218,360
309,210

CURRENT LIABILITIES

[Bank overdraft (secured)
Taxa t ion
Creditors

NET CURRENT ASSETS
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

756,271 633,848
4 363,371 303,862

5 (769,237)
350,405

(694,922)
242,788

DEFERRED) LIABILITIES

SIHARE11OLDERS' INTERESTS

Share capital
Share premium
Reserves

6 177,700
29,500
7 143,205
350,405

177,700
29,500
35,588
242,788

J..G.L. POWYS
ZA
M.G PRE' TEJOHN

)Directors




GALANA GAME AND RXNCIIING LIMITED

STATEMENT OF SOURCE AND APPLICATION OF FUNDS

Year ended 30 June 1987

6. .

1987
K I.

1986
K .E.

SOURCE OF FUNDS

Profit from operations before taxation
Adjustment for items not involving the
movement of funds
Depreciation
Profit rom sale of fixed assets
Total generated from operations
Decrease in debtors
Decrease in inventories
Disposal of property, plant and equipment
Increase in loan accounts

201,539
72,022
(4,631)
268,930
84,469
14,246
69,515
437,160
141,146
28,366
19 763
5,050
194,325
242,835

25,766

54,484
(6,235)
74,015
210,286
15.,934
26,061
326,296

APPLICATION OF FUNDS

92,078
102,893
196,935
495
392,401
(66,105)

Purchase of property, plant and equipment
Increase in inventories
Increase in debtors
Decrease in creditors
Taxation paid
INCREASE/(DECREASE) IN NET LIQUID FUNDS
ANALYSIS OF MOVEMENT IN NET LIQUID FUNDS
Increase/(decrease) in cash and bank balances
Decrease/(increase) in bank overdraft

163,554
794281
242,835

(3o417)
(62,688)
(66t105)




GALANA GAME AND RANCHING LIMITED
NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Year ended 30 June 1987
1. ACCOUNTING POLICIES
a) Accounting convention
The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost
convention.
b) Foreign exchange
Loan balances expressed in foreign currencies have been converted into
Kenya shillings at the rate of exchange ruling when the loans were
made as there is no intention to repay the loans in the foreseeable
future.
c) Livestock and inventories
Livestock and inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net
realisable value.
d) Property, plant and equipment
Depreciation is provided on the reducing balance method except for
buildings on which a straight line method is used. The annual rates
of depreciation are as follows:
Freehold buildings 20 %
Other construction 12)%
leavy machinery'and trnctors 37j%
Motor vehicles 25 %
Plant and machinery 121%
Bicycles 25 %
Aircraft 25 %
2. PROFIT FROM OPERATIONS
Profit from operations is after charging: 1987 1986
K.E. K.E.-
Directors' remuneration for management 7,200 7,200"
Hire of machinery and aircraft 21,546 30,794
Depreciation 72,022 56,649
Auditors' remuneration 3,750 3,500
Interest payable 39,708 56,649
---W- -WWW--
3. DIVIDEND 1987 1986
K.E. K.E.
Dividend on 60,000 8% cumulative
redeemable preference shares 4,800 4,800




GALANA CAME AND RANCHING LIMITED
NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Year ended 30 June 1987

4. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

At 30.6.87
K.E.

At 1.7.86
K.E.
110, 980
16,634
121,397
29,267
97, 131

Additions Disposals
K.. K..

Cost or valuation
Buildings
Boreholes
Pipelines
Dams
Tanks and troughs
Water developments
Roads and fire
'breakers
Causeway and cableway
Diviui pipeline
Heavy machinery and
tractor
Motor vehicles
Plant and machinery
Bicycles
Aircraft

225

111,205
16,634
121,397
9,610
29,267
113,813
25,479
5,952
81,060
35,548
184,582
229,869
554
10,800
975,770

16,682

25,479
5,952
81,060
35,548
148,635
193,608
554
10,800
886,685

(5 ,0 1
(52,061)

88,008
36,231
141,146

Accumulated de.pr eciation
At 1.7.86
K..

Charge for
the year
K..

Disposals
- - - -

At 30.6.87
K.E.

105,455
14,417
103,227
8,679
19,274
41,644
21,453
5,188
44,640
34,605
97,442
109,674
457
6, 244
612,399

102,539
14,100
100,632
8,546
17,847
31,334
20,878
5,079
39,437
34,039
110, 776
92,466
425
4 ,725
582,823

2,916
S 317
2,595
133
1,427
10,310

Buildings
Boreholes
Pipelines
Dams
Tanks and troughs
Walter development
Roads and fire
breakers
Causeway and
cableway
Diviu pipeline
Heavy machinery and
tractor
Motor vehicles
Plant and machinery
Bicycles
Aircraft

575

109
5,203
566
29, 112
17,208
32
1,519
72,022

(42,41r6)
(42,446)




GALANA GAME AND RANCHING LIMITED
NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Year ended 30 June 1987

At 30.6.87
K.E.
5,750
2,217
18,170
931
9,993
72:,169'
4,026
764
36,420
943
87 i140
120,195
97
4,556
363,371

At 1. 7. 86
K.E.
8,441
2,534
20,765
1,064
11,420
65,797
4,601
873
41,623
1,509
37,859
101,172
129
6,075
303,862

Net book value
Buildings
Boreholes
Pipelines
Dams
Tanks and troughs
Water development
Roads and fire breakers
Causeway and cabieway
Diviu pipeline
Heavy machinery and tractors
Motor vehicles
Plant and machinery
Bicycles
Aircraft

5. DEFERRED LIABILITIES

1987
K..

1986
K..

Long term loans
Less: Du within one ye ar and
shown as current liabilities

806,769
(950132)
711,637

818,415
(176i293)
642,122

Preference dividends 57,600 52,800
769,237 694,922
The estimated repayment dates for the long term loans are as follo,,

1988/89 38,439
1989/90 17,860
After 1990 712,938
769,237
Long term loans amounting to K.257,605 are secL
debentures over the moveable assets of the Comp
K..690,000, exclusive of debentures to secure t
(See note 8).
Long term loans amounting to K.431,531 are repi
currency. No adjustment has been made in r'espe(
of exchange because it is unlikely that the loai
the foreseeable future. Had the loans been con'
exchange ruling at 30 June 1987 the amount repa.
KE.476,009.




GALENA GAME AND RANCHING LIMITED
NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

10.

Year ended 30 June 1987

6.1 SHARE CAPITAL
Authorised
60,000 8% cumulative redeemable
preference shares of El
each 1 1
150,000 ordinary shares of El each
Issued and fully paid
60,000 8% cumulative redeemable
'preference shares of El
each
117,700 ordinary shares of El each

1987
K. E.
60,000
150,000
210j000
60,000
117,700
177,700

1986
K. E.
60,000
150,000
210,000
60,000
117,700
177,700

The preference shares are redeemable at the option of the directors.
7. RESERVES

Retained
profits
i. E.
35,588
107,617
143,205

Gross
profits
88,388
112 ? 4 17
200,805

Proposed
dividends
r.f.
(52,800)
(4,800)
(57,600)

At 1 July 1986
Transfer from profit and
loss account
At 30 June 1987

8. BANK OVERDRAFT
The bank overdraft is secured by a floating debenture for K.E.50,000
on all moveable property and uncalled capital.




GALANA GAME AND RANCHING LIMITED
DETAILED PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT

Year ended 30 June 1987

II.

1987
K..

1986
K.E.

1985
K..

1984
K.E.

TRADING PROFIT/(LOSS)
Cattle (page 12)
Other domestic animals
(page 13)
Safaris (page 14)
Miscellaneous income
1,ESS: INDIRECT EXPENSES
Profit/(loss) on disposal
of assets
NET PROFIT FOR THE YEAR

454,688
(12i654)
S 522
4, 808"-
(447,364
(445,239)
2,125
(1,905)
220

451,005
(21,224)
154
2,946
432,881
(396,891)
35,990
6,2 03
42,193

725,989
(4,205)
291
28,191
750,266
(553,358)
196,908
4,631
201,539

556,10.3
(3,228)
856
4, 480
558,211
(538,680)
19,531
6,235
25,766




GALANA'GAME AND RANCHING LIMITED

12.

CATTLE ACCOUNT
Year ended 30 June 1987

1987
K. E.

-1986
K.E.

1985
X.E.

1984
K..

Sales
Stock at I July
Purchases
Stock at 30 June

1.486,815
(709,340)
(578,432)
720,147
9199,190

1,207,701
(918,j4821
(273,0371
709,340
725,522

983,180
(768,638)
(502,172)
918i482
630j852

960,455
(745,223)
(391,489)
768,638
592,381

Direct expenses:
Manager's salary
Manager's expenses
Wages
Veterinary
Dipping
Transport
Sundry expenses

17,153
8,806
97,430
51,566
8,193
10,053
193,201
725,989

13,128
5,515
89,304
48,602
8,057
413
4,400
169,419
556,103

11,036
522
79,637
64,535
6,504
248
13,682
176,164
454,688

8,Q20
186
75,936
27,232
23'p358
38
6,606
141,376
451,005

Trading profit




GALENA GAME AND RANCHING LIMITED
OTHER DOMESTIC ANIMALS ACCOUNT

13.

Year ended 30 June 1987

1987
K. E.

1986
K. E.

1985
K. E.

1984
K.E.

Sales
Stock at I July
Purchases
Stock at 30 June

21,871
(11,770)
(1,040)
13,084
22,145
(26,350)
(4,205)

35,491
(20,742)
(3,730),
11,770
22,789,
(26,017)
(3,228)

38,014
(25,004)
(10,980)
20,742
22,772
(35,426)
(12,654)

14,371
(33 20Q
25,004
6,175
'(820
(26,579
(21,224

Research
Wages and veterinary drugs
Trading loss




GALENA GAME AND RANCHING LIMITED

14,

SAFARIS ACCOUNT
Year ended 30 June 1987

1987
K.E.

1986
K. E.
39,700

1985
K.E.
27,529

1981
X E -
17,534

41 042

Gross revenue

Less: Direct expenses:
Wages
Provisions
Licences and fees
Vehicle running
expenses
Repairs and
maintenance
Sundries
Agent's commission
Entertaining .

5,756
7 P 749
661
5,816
6,292
3,014
11 463
40,751
291

4,821
6,566
358
6,943
7,001
1,935
11,220
38,844
856

3,803
5 5 i 7
642
4,589
3,971
1,030
7,455
27,007
522

3,314
4,652
375

516

1,525
1 472
5,336
190
17,380
154

Trading profit




GALANA GAME AND RANCHING LIMITED

INDIRECT EXPENSES

15.

Year ended 30 June 1987

1987
K..
46,702
39,043
14,578
26,774
11,593
2,188
3,715
89
144,682
69,066
2,778
43,846
24,748
4,804
289,924

1986
K..
33,870
18,332
15,063
26,984
10,334
2,220
1,734
177
108,714
66,938
3,190
38,444
20,443
4,050
24 1, 779

1985
K .E.
34,552
6,166
9,789
20,838
8,799
1,440
5,514
299
87,397
70,720
6,919
17,785
19,228
15,300
217,349

1984
K..
23,759
20,125
14,739
14,356
7,945
1,853
1,358
507
84,642
71,229
4,06a
21,238
10,172
195,399

ESTABLISHMENT
Repairs and maintenance
Motor vehicles and tractors
Plant and, machinery
Water supply
Buildings
Workshop
Radios
Roads and fencing
Sundry repairs
Fuel and lubricants
Park fees and transport
Aircraft running and hire
Insurance
Land rent and rates

PERSONNEL

Managers' salaries and
expenses
Wages and rations
Loss on staff shop
N.S.S.F. contribution
Medical

24,471
40,671
1,936
13,444
8,999
89,521
1,313
799
2,681

19,712
34,3110
1,j9 13
12,387
9,420
77,742
1, 977
737
1,840

11,548
34,652
2,003
11,132
7,747
67,082
3, 228

13,759
3.A,995
2,774
10,579
6,179
68,286
4,053

DIRECTORS

Expenses
GENERAL ADMINISTRATION
Head office rent
Entertainment
Postage, telephone &
Stationery
Accountancy fees
Secretarial. fees
Audit fees,
Specific bad debts
General expenses
Donations
Legal charges
Travel

647
1,040

742
940

Carried forward




GALANA GAME AND RANCHING LIMITED

INDIRECT EXPENSES

16.

Year ended 30 June 1987

1987
K.E.

1985
K.E.
312,959
3,722
49,340
2,660
21,483
77,205
55,075
445,239

1984
K..
282,447
2,017
52,704
2,660
779
58,160

Brought forward

408,838

FINANCIAL

Bank interest and charges
A.F.C. loan interest
Other loan interest
Lease hire charges

3,219
36,489
32,790
72,498
72,022
553,3518

1986
K.E.
372,273
3,435
51,884
1,330
55,274
111,923
54,484
538,680

DEPRECIATION

56, 284

TOTAL INDIRECT EXPENSES

396,891




Projected Cattle Developments 1988




APPENDIX M
TANA RIVER LIVESTOCK TRADING PROJECT
(EXPANSION OF GALANA GAME'& RANCHING LTD.'S EXISTING OPERATION)
PURPOSE AND MODE OF OPERATION:
A) To purchase immature stock from Orma and Somali tribesmen in the Tana
River district.
Generally provide an outlet for immature cattle from this area, and
fulfil the services of the now non-operational Livestock Marketing
Division.
The small traders and tribesmen concerned have adequate markets for
finished stock, but have no outlets for immatures. Furthermore, the
marginal rangeland of Tana River District should not be fattening
cattle, but breeding immature stock for fattening, on improved
commercial ranches.
B) Animals purchased would be moved into an isolated holding ground
within the ranch. Here they can be controlled; innoculated against
Trypanosomiasis; tested for Bovine Pleuro Pnetumonia; weighed; branded;
and sorted into even-sized herds.
They will be kept in strict quarantine for a minimum of six months. Clean
i nature cattle will then be offered to smaller commercial ranches in
Kilifi, Taita/Taveta and Mchakos districts.
These ranches have no other opportunity of purchasing "clean" cattle, and
the main reason for the downfall of many coastal ranches is the -lack of
immature cattle for fattening. The process of running breeding cows to
produce steers for market requires a very much higher standard of
management than is generally adopted by these ranches.
C) One of the largest disease problems affecting cattle management in the
coastal region is Tryps. All indications are that the drugs currently
on the market are losing their efficiency, and there are indications of
resitance to the most widely used drug, 'SAMORIN'. This has been brought
about by misuse of the drug by the local people, and has very serious
implications for cattle husbandry in the area. There are no new drugs
being developed to control the disease.
Galana is of the opinion that Tsetse fly control is the answer. This loan
will enable us to be the first ranch to commercially use a technique,.
developed in Zimbabwe by Dr. G. Valeto eradicate the Tsetse fly from
our a-rti-ne area. K.E.T.R.I. (Kenya Try-panosomiasis Researrh Institute)
have been conducting trials on Galana for 1'/ years, using this method, and




have found it to be highly effective. This is now a unique opportunity
to take the experimental work to a commercial project.
All indications are that this method of Tsetse Control would be of
benefit to the small ranches along the T.ana River, and could have a
major impact on increasing cattle production throughout the Coast.
CAPITAL CONTRIBUTION TO NEW TRADING PROJECT.
Galana's contribution to the new trading project will be as follows:

BOREHOLE, PUMPS, ENGINES & GENERATOR: K.
PIPELINE & WATER TANKS: 6 KMS. 4" + 6 KMS. 3"
PIPE. 2 TANKS + 2 TROUGHS:
HAFFIA DAMS. 3 DAMS @ 10,000 EACH:
BUILDINGS PUMP HOUSE + STAFF ACCOMMODATION:
CATTLE YARDS & SPRAY RACE. INCLUDING PUMP & ENGINE:
WORKING CAPITAL: MANAGEMENT -
STOCK PURCHASING -
TRANSPORTATION -

42,000
92,000
30,000
4,000
20,000

K. 295,000

107,000

BACKGROUND:
Galana Game & Ranching Ltd., has, over the past 20 years, developed and
made productive, a hitherto tn,-productive part of Kilifi and Tana River
District.
Overseas Capital Investment standing at 620,000 and Loan Capital
from the A.F.C. Ranch Scheme amounted to a total of 890,000. This
loan has been reduced to a balance of 267,648 as at the end of June
1987.
At the present time the ranch nis 21,000 head of cattle; 3,000 dorper
sheep and 300 camels.
CONCLUSION:
The ranch currently purchases and sells 5,000 cattle per year in the
manner described, for its ovn use, in addition to sales from its
balanced herd.
We have had numerous enquiries from ranches to our south to supply
immatures, particularly from the A,F.C.
At the same time, the small traders in Tana River District and North
Easter-n Province with small lots of 2 300 head of eattl1 pe,




continually requesting us to purchase immatures.
We strongly feel that the development of a trading entity will benefit
the tribesmen in the north, and the mall commercial ranches and
co-operatives to the south.
With this in mind, the directors wish to make use of the USAID RURAL
PRIVATE ENTERPRISE PROJECT to establish a trading facility to initially
produce a throughput of immatures of 10,000 per year,and contribute to
Trypanasomiasis control and irradication.
FIRYJRE EXPANSION:
Should these funds be forthcoming and the movement of 10,000 head
initially be successful there is good potential for purchasing
immature camels for fattening, and also for trading in small stock,
using the same rigid veterinary precautions.
By involving other livestock we would be benefiting a very much.
larger section of the compun ty, and make a substantial contribution
to disease control.




SIMPLIFIED CASH FLOW TO DEMONSTRATE THE FEASIBILTY OF TRADING IN LIVESTOCK

ist Year: Purchase 10,000 steers @ 90 each: 900,000
!irect running costs @ 8.50 per head. Av. no. 5,000 :
(ist year) 42,500
Proportion of overheads, including interest @ -13: 65,000
4,900 sold (5,000 less 2% losses) @ 120:

588,000

DEBIT END OF FIRST YEAR:

419,500
900,000
85,000
130,000

2nd Year: Purchase 10,000 head @ 90 :
Direct costs 10,000 @ 8.50i
Proportion of overheads & interest @ 13 :
Sell 9,800 head (less 2% death) @ 120 :
DEBIT BALANCE END OF SECOND YEAR:
'.rd Year: Purchase 10,000 @ 90:
direct costs 10,000 @ 8.50 :
Proportion of overheads & interest @ 13:
Sell 9,800 @ 120:
DEBIT AT END OF THIRD YEAR:
Elio OF PERIOD SELL 4,900 steers @ 120 :

1,176,000

358,500
900,000
85,000
130,000

1,176,000

297,500

588,000
290,500

( = 10.75% per year ) :

CASH SURPLUS

Note 1) The direct running cost figure is
taken from our financial statement as at 30/6/87
Ilote 2) Overheads including interest & depreciation as at
the year-end 30/6/87 is 21.69 per beast per year
for, the whole herd, including 15,000 balanced herd.
It was felt that 13 for 10,0 of the trading steers
to be a fair proportion.




/5.
CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS

The following equipment and facilities are required to augnent
Galana's contribution to the quarantine area:

(K) E
40,000
3,000
6,000
2,500
9,500
22,500
2,000
14,500

Tractor & dam scoop
Attractants & insecticides for Targets
Veterinary equipment, including Tsetse fly Target frames;
Microscope; centrifuge; water baths; test tubes etc.
Portable generating set
5 km. of 2" piping. Water tank & trough
Vehicle & radio equipment
Expand staff buidings
2nd, year wa7er development)
Booster pumps & 3" piping )

(K) t 100,000

(K) 900,000
(K) 100,000
(K) 1,000,000
(K) 295,000

Purchase of steers
Capital
TOTAL REQUEST:
Galana Contribution

Total Project Investment:

(K) 1,295,000




Security Reports
.y




GAIANA GAME & ANCHINGLTD.
P.O. Box 20139 NAIROBI, Kenya. Telephone: Nairobi 26853
J November 20th 1978.
The Permanent Secretary,
Ministry of Tourism G Wildlife,
P.O. Box 3002?,
NAIRFOBI.
Dear Sir,
As a Director of Galena Game G Ranching, I feel that I should, as a matter
of urgency, bring to your notice a disturbing incident connected with police
attitude-that occurred on Galena recently, concerning an investigation into
ivory and gaes trophies.
My co-Directors and I feel that the manner in which the police carried out
a raid on this occasion can only be highly prejudicial to the good management
of thme Ranch, and the climate of mutual confidence and understanding that lies
hithmerto characterised relations between tihe Management of the Ranch and tihe
Government.
The police having apparently decided to investigate certain matters on
Galena, appeared to have employed a degree of aggression and disturbance
totally unwarranted by the circumstances. They arrived in a threatening
manner, in four vehicles, at high speed, and demanded the immediate attendance
at Val (150 miles, return) of the sole representative of management present.
When disueded from this, they said they would return to interview the General
Manager the following day. Before leaving, they posted armed guards at various
points, and ordered that no managerial staff should leave the Ranch,
Next day, Mr. Woodley, the Senior Warden, came to investigate a report of
a fusilede of rifle fire, heard in the vicinity the prvious day. Soon after
his arrival, he, together with myself and Mr. Howard, the General Manager,
were in the office when the police drove up in the same threatening manner
as before. At-least eight armed men leaped out, and surrounded the office.
At this Juncture, the Government geologist mapping the area arrived to
report that he had been obliged to move out that morning because of pressure
of armed Somali poachers. Mr. Woodley said that this probably related to the
incident that he had come to investigate. He called upon the police to go with
him immediately to the scene. The police categorically refused to do this,,
stating that they had come on other business.
During the following few hours, the police ransacked the premises and
records in a highly unusual manner when dealing with an organisation which
has always had the confidence of time Government.
I wish to draw your attention to two aspects of this incident. One is
the attitude and methods of the police, which savoured rather of persecution,
rather then of calm investigation. The other is the higly disturbing order,
of priorities. The police took no action when asked to investigate a hot
report of poaching nearby. Such an investigation could have been carried
out without any way interferring with the enquiry already in progress;
/2
I lifefrgI;I) 'I ;| -l Rhlh an PIIR}.M G P1FT I F If I11I I I PNY17 n1 I A"A pi AS ATtIERn ON (IUS). A. .G nYun, i.J. AY1IIK(




the C.I.O. officer could have continued without the support of armed guards.
in conclusion, I submit that .this episode draws attention to wider issues
vital to the success and standing of the Galena scheme. At no point has a
framework for the operation of the game side of the scheme# since the hunting
ban, been drawn up and agreed by all parties concerned. To take one example,
the domestication of oryx is in itself an activity that could well be queried,
should the police feel so inclined. This and many other specific matters ought
to be discussed and put on a satisfactory basis as soon as possible, not lest
for the protection of the staff on the spot. Here I would mention that
communications with the Department of Wildlife Conservation and Management,
seem to have virtually broken down. For some time-how, Galena management and
Direcors have addressed memoranda on a number of-views concerning game policy
and utilistion to the authorities, bub there is seldom a helpful reply, if
any atoll.
Yours faithfully,
M.G. Prettejohn,
DIRECTOR
copies:
All Dir~ectors
Mr. W. Woodley, Senior Warden, Tsevo West.




directors: M. Anderson, Chairman (U.S.) .J.G.L. Powys, M.G. Prettejohn, The Hon. R. Matano, A.D.G. Oyer, A.S. Atherton (U.S.) L..J. Ayuko
J GALANA SAFARIS
GALANA GAME *& RANCHING LTD.
(HUNTING AND PHOTOGRAPHIC SAFARIS)
MEBREAST AFRICAN PROFESSIONAL HUNTERS ASSOCIATION
INTERNATIONAL PROFESSIONAL HUNTERS ASSOCIATION

United States Contact:-
M. Anderson
4151393 2055 lOffice Hours)
415/4410216 (After Office Hours)
Son Francisco, U.S.A.

All Correspondence & Enquiries should be referred to: P.O. Box 76 Malindi, Kenya.
Radiocall: 2007
Telegrams: "LALI" Malindl, Kenya.
Emergency Telephone No.
25853 Nairobi (Office Hours)

?2nd Novrnber 109'18.

("), 1. rn .
S security
T do not vish to sprearl -:?lfrm onxd. despondrancy in r(- -poct
of thfe security positign on na1aloia, but I fool that recent events
require -oin(? pos itive roth me-,.
As vie discused yesterday evening, theo fncts o:
(rlovorninm't Socurity Forces including Anti. Poo.ch-ing Units
.htove been unrblle. to a~denurtt-ly control noaching activities, oven
wn oachers camps have boon located for -them.
b) A verbrilwr~i hozs boon received froin on unnmowin
rmollr~r -to the effect that i~f Ga~lm-wa Mnlrngmnt 13taff continue -to
locn~te ar-crs where pot~chers ore operating on G-vlna, for the Antli-
flrchin~r IUnit ,, ,thcy will bc forced -to n. cour-e of murder, 11.r;01,
nil onu.~t of J-v~ok
e) Thin~ %,,rnin.7 vv'a ;7(ldrreoried. ci-rectly to you 'Inid the
I1!i~!r~0 Ji-rectUor N~r J .r",.T,. Powys.
Tn thn circumastmne-r- -.rn obli.rred to in-bruct you to t'lke
thr- folloaLn.r act ion with ir-e aeeffect, until further notice.i
Your 'in n move to Uh 'Nionk 1: ho %v~;i. be dleferred
tUtil thpi. por-.ition -i c~lprified.
b) Us~e of* -h :intern.1 rid-io com'nmtnic..iom-, should be
f7, rr n 51 -1 oi 1- 1 l j in n. rir -vhlch v.ill, riot no__rtr,-_1y your irmnmedpte
nor'it ton or rtn'.o.
c) hentrnve~l.).-Ui by -ro.?d. you 4iUL u-(- altrrnnte rolltos
n(eVr'ir yr thr ,~i routt-.
~~1) 11 more -hvformoit ion or obf-errvrlt ionsi on. -oein' ct i.vit e
Li.be'po~r r, nt Ant) ll .eirv nittsl 1nd inV fiurthlerV
inrtr'ietnnnfrom vpi kh 1n-rd rnl f Mirfotor -.
e) 11You shu~lh 'Irr-i0U-i r -siilt of 'ln obo
hre."t, r I I tI (,.,1 ; sj I; (- V;rU LcJj' ;ms -jt su r: on..

;four S'incr




CC t; V 0 V,,y1 qh rnrt-.r of the wa~itnh reforrod"
D~ox 20139-1 Jo n pa-rn. (b) ha,-. bven titbported 'to
r i vA.rob ia #b-h -Jo1 0mtl00 qLntion. ancl a
!ltatement +.M.1en ftatt tht, hptdsinnil
wito Was~ livked. tumsw on th'o ino~ng
Pq. r Pro ntrohn)
ilo-1 24;
Mwettl 01n Ch itcuirnstmnct- I woUld be
Jgrtvcftl If You colti dlocusnO'J
ti 1i .1 i: v t~h llih Go~ernnibtit i MyJ own
Dolinpr orin t~o im-tbr at liamvitr in-ror.tIon- on to the Soco'i ty
forcemi Is that they iihould pttb~ tllrir
own Intelligeon peroonhorl ii the
'rl (14




/ C 0P Y

Trelegoanis "MINAW1 Nairobi MI~ISRY OF: AGRItcuurun
Tclcphone.' Nnitoi 35855 KI'Av HOUSE
When -replying please quote ;r ?CATHEDRAL ROAD
Ref. No. J~.N~.:[~.1Ji.rI( l)P.O. ox 30028, NAIROBI
and date tt..?~s lst.... ~ ..
The Permanent Secretary,
Ministry of Tourism & Wildlife,
P.O. Rox 30027,
viie ManagLng Drcn,.-
Galina Game & Ranching Company,
P.O. Box 20-139,
RE:GENERAL SECURITY ON GALANA -,P.ME
- i 1 :AND RNCHING LIITED '
You are invitpd to attend a Meecetinq t the Police
Headq~duarters Con~ference Roo-m, on 6th Flor, on 14th Septembere
1970 at 10.00 a.m to review the General Scurity o Gaan a
G~aame and Ranching Limit~d.
This Ministry has thought It necessary to hold this
Meeting iri prcpartion for a, bigger one if ned be where most.
of #-hc partic-s concerned will I., Invited to attend.
Will be most grteful If you ill l I e nw th~h -1-
Officer who .-All be attending.::
J. 0. ONYANG
: : Ifor P E RM AN EN T SECRETARY -
(1r The Cornif.J -sionet g: ( ':f Police,:I: :
P.O. Box 3083,-: :: ii
NAIROBI. A teln n ion Mr. .Mun Yu
; ; ~t t~rRef-: No. SEC-POL.; 2/6/7/l/
_:, :,,._: -; :- :: : II Iogf 19thl: July v ;19779 re~e fers).-.:~;-I-
(2) :The Commandant, : -- i-i:: -:.. ~: .
Ge: G ner al Service Unit,:;_: '.
P.O :o. Po 49506,-.I-
: ; ::: NAIROBI. :: : : r- .-i:;:::-: ::-;-; : ':-i~iii::----- 1:




GALAA GAE &RANIHINGLTD
~P.O. Box 20139 NAIROBI, Kenya. Telephone: Nairobi 25853
October 27th 1986.
The District Commissioner,
Tana River District,
P.O0. HOLA.
Dear Sir,
ARMED SOMALI POACHERS:
Over the past six months, Galana management has frequently reported
to various Government authorities of the presence of Somali poachers
operating within the Ranch.
Most of these reports have been made verbally to your D.O. at Garsen
and to the D.C. Kilifi.
As there have recently been a number of changes in the District, we
felt you should be informed in writing.
There have been at least three or four separate groups of poachers,
comprising of six to eight men, generally armed with modern automatic
weapons, operating on the Ranch, since March / April of tl'is year.
These men are sighted almost daily by our cattle men, and, at this
present time, our herders report through their section manager,
every incident, or-sighting of poachers.
This fact is encouraging, as ethnically our cattle herders are the
same as the Somali poachers.
We also are fully aware that the poachers receive supplies from our
staff. However, you will appreciate that they have no alternative
but to co-operate in this regard.
With the onset of the rain, any operation to clean up these gangs
of armend men would be impossible, as they are now spread throughout
the Ranch.
We would respectfully ask you, during the next dry weather, to mount
a decisive operation against these men.
The morale of our staff is still high and supportive of the Ranch
management, and'the Government. However, we feel strongly that unless
decisive action is taken during the next dry weather morale will be
depressed, and our own men are liable to become more and more involve.
For your records, at.least 12 elephant have been shot over the past
three months, and numerous giraffe. The poachers are becomig less
cautious, and move around the property with complete confidence and
freedom. /2
Directors: M. ANDERSON, Chairman (US), M.G. PRETTEJOHN, J.G. POWYS, R. MATANO, A.S. ATHERTON (US), A.DG. DyerR+




/2
Galana management are happy to call on you, and make personal
representation at your District, or Provincial, security meetings.
You will apreciate, however, that we cannot become directly involved
with any anti-poaching operation, as our staff are extremely vulnerable
to any reprisals which may occur.
Yours faithfully
S,(
J.G. Powys.
MANAGING DIRECTOR
CC:
M. Anderson Chairman, Galana Game & Ranching Ltd.,
B.R. Heath General Manager.
H. Henley Manager, Game.& Safari Operation.
Director, W.C.M.D., P.O. Box 40241, Nairobi.
Head, Anti Poaching Unit, P.O. Box 197, Ngong Hills.




TGALANA GAME & RANCHING LTD.
P.O. Box 20139 NAIROBI. Kenya. Telephone: Nairobi 25853.
Jamary 23rd 1987.
The Director,
W.C.M.D.,
P.O. Box 40241,
NAIROBI.
Dear Sir,
Further to our meeting in your office on January 5th:
As requested, we have drawn up on a map of the.Ranch, and
surrounding area, the main routes used by the anned Somali '
poachers operating within Galana, Your staff in the A.P.U.
sections at Manjilla just outside Garsen will know the area
well.
The thin red line marks the Ranch boundary, and thea;thick
red lines mark the regular tracks used by the poachers, and
would be ideally suited to ambush poachers coming to and fr-om
the Ranch, and the northern area of the Tsavo East Park.
We hope this is of some use to your planning a decisive
excercise, which in our opinion would be more successful late
in February, as there is still a lot of water in the water
holes, thus spreading the area of poaching activity.
As we pointed out,. it can be seen how well-positioned your
A.P.U. is at Manjilla, for regular anti-poaching patrols
or ambushes.
Both Mr Heath and I would be very happy to assist in planning
or providing information for any security meeting.
Since drafting this letter, we have had a very constructive
meeting with the D.C. Hola, and the O.C.P.1)., which was also
attended by Mr. Goss.
It was made clear that the anti guerrilla specially trained combat
men at the D.C.'s disposal, were competent to handle the job, so
we are co-operating with him in this regard.
Yours faithfully,
J.G. Powys. /
encl:
cc:
Mr. B.R. Heath,
General Manager,
Galana Game & Ranching,
P.O. Box 76,
MALINDI.
Directors: M. ANDERSON. Chairman (US). M.G. PRETTEJOHN, J.G. POWYS. R. MATANO. A.S. ATHERTON (US), A.D.G. DYERL'"J&-YQgKi1.R. HEATH *




~GALANA GAME & RANCHING LTD.
~~P.O. Box 2013g NAIROBI. Kenya. Telephone: Nairobi 25853 '
January 23rd 1987.
The District Commissioner,
P.O. Box 1,
HOLA.
Dear Sir,
Firstly, may I thank you for conducting the meeting at Hola. recently,
and for patiently listening to our views on the subject of Somali
poachers on Galana.
In our opinion it was a constructive meeting, and will lead to
much better understanding.
I am still concerned about the plan to leave one of our Radios at
the A.P.U. Station near Garsen.
I feel that we are now being passed almost daily reports of the
movement of poachers by our staff, and, should we be passing radio
messages to thq'-A.P.U. I am certain thia information will dry up.
May we try posting weekly dispatches of all incidents to you, and
copied to your D.O., Garsen?
Furthermore, should there be important information which you can
act on at once, we undertake to fly direct to Garsen or Hola with ..
such information. For example: a cache of ivory found; regular
poachers' camp seen; particularly concentrated activity.
We should like to try this system for the month of February.
Should it prove unsatisfactory, we will then explore a radio
contact which will be totally discreet. I believe that an
anti-poaching radio on the Game Department frequency, based
with one of our senior staff, would be more satisfactory than
messages being passed on our frequency, which is heard by all
our employees throughout the Ranch.
I will seek advice from Mr. Goss on this subject.
We l6ok forward to a period of co-operation in completely
eradicating our district of armed Somali poachers.
cc:
Director of Wildlife, W.C.M.D., Box 40241, NAIROBI.
Mr. T. Goss, P.O. Box 14103, NAIROBI.
Mr. B.R. Heath, General Manager, Galana Game& Ranch, Box -76, MAID

Directors: M. ANDERSON, Chairman (US). M.G. PRETTE)OHN, I.G. POWYS. R.MATANC




GAME & RANCHING LTD.
9" NAIROBI. Kenya. Telephone: Nairobi 25853
February 12th 1987.

Thank you for your letter summarising our meeting.
The only area in which we have %let you down is by not. having placed
our Radio at A.P.U., Garsen. Only a week after our meeting, all our
radio licenses were revoked, so the situation of security on Galana
has been very difficult to cope with, since our meeting.
Two isolated patrols have made direct contact with armed poachers.
Both patrols* have retired with wounded men, and. left the- Bardits
un-touched, and very much more alert.
I stress, once again, how strongly I feel that these un-coordinated
patrols will only put the enemy on guard, and will have the effect
of our own staff being reluctant to co-operate .with us, their
employers, and the Government.
The last shoot out resulted in one of our cattle being killed,
the herder being taken away for "interrogation" and the Somali
Poachers escaping .unscathe.dbut now very much more alert.
I appeal to you, Sir, to co-ordinate a full scale operation,
whilst the armed Somalis are still complacent.
We also wonder how much co-ordination there is between the A.P.U.
based at Sala, and your anti Bandit forces operating from Hola.
Once again, we state we are prepared to assist whereever possible;
and as soon as our Radios are re-licensed, we will pursue the
original plan of a clandestine Radio at Garsen, or an A.P.U. set
on Galana.
Yours faithfully,
(for) J.G. Powys
MANAGING DIRECTOR.
cc:
Mr. Ted Goss,
P.O. Box 14103,
NAIROBI.
The Director, Mr. B.R. Heath,
WCMD, General Manager,
P.O. Box 40241, Galana Game & Ranching Ltd.,
NAIROBI. P.O. Box 76, VWalindi.,..:nect
Directors: M. ANDERSON. Chairman (US), M.G. PRETTEJOHN, ).G. POWYS. R.MATANO. A.S. ATHERTON (US), A.D.G. DYER,;g.y g*. I

GALANA
P.O. Box 2013
CONFIDENTIAL:
The District Commissioner,
P.O. Box 1,
HOLA.
Dear Sir,




OFFICE OF TIE PRESIDENT

Tclrgni1s: "DViS'Rictu. 1Iolo OFFICE OF ME113 DISTRICT COMMISSIONER
'Iclephonc: 11ola 29 and .1
Whin scplyin plcasc iute TANA RIVER DISTRICT
Rcr. No. ...VACfT13 12t36 ) I 1P.O. Box 1, IIOLA, KENYA
and date 26th Jan u-iy
The Managing Director,
Galana Game & Ranching Ltd,
P.O. Box 20139#
rJIIRBI .
OUR im jTING OF WMNESDAY OF 21*1.8 7
I would like to th ank you sincerely for calling in my
office on 21st instant in the company of your ranch Gencral
flanager Mro Ieath. This followed my earlier request to yoitr
General Manager that -there is need for all concernd to sit and
explore the nagging problem of poaching and banditry in GaLrna
Ranch,
Vie agreed on the following fundamental issues
1) Quick and accurate communication on Poachcrs/13nnd.its
sightina.- In this respect we agreed ttiat you will
- explore and devise a system of clandestine" radio
communication that we can monitor at Garsen;
2) We agreed. that your Manager will supply us wit h
sketched ground map-out on poachers track1ct which have
high- frequency;
3) We apTeed that the workers in the ranch. huave no ;hir'g
to fear if they disclose to ut through you the. nrcos
where elephant trophies are hidden. jin fact, rt .t'h
time of our -- octitlg, We hbd ;ju-t b recctdei viot"iq
report oP hidden elepbnc t trophies Jn, T,!- I :'lm-
possibly on your approach to Didi mqa T watorir've,
point*. You promised you would scout te 'area mM
give us a feed-back.
.4) We agreed that it will be waste of Government
resources to approach Nairobi for a massive oprrat.on.,
by the ammed forces -and G.S.UO as you sceeled. to
suggest. In fact, you indicated you had made the
move In fact with your assistance an(I with
clandestine camping site I have the man-povier to
give "1 a lesson" to -these fellows.
5) We agreed that althouh -the animals nare scat!;crnc(.
all over because the water is still pl,,nty, it NIL
be naive for us to wait to take action jintil dry-
Season Zxb in. and therefore watering poij-s
become fever. What is important as vie vagreed-, is tlie
logistical support and we do not necesnorily hrave to
wait.
6) It is also iny wisl -tat HIr. oss of t Ati-Varmii
Unit at J-4anyani station give the fifteen n (15) min
unit he promisedd''




7) It wasr agreed that we need better c ommunic action
among,- usj if we. are expeced to guad the st8 tate
interest and ranch interest.' HIowevert as I stressedy
th6h inerest of the state must not be clompromised forI
whatever*
For the purpose of confidenttiality of this et~ter', I deem
it necessary to restrict circulation.
Copy to$.-
The Povinial Commissionerp
Coast PrOvicey
MOMBASA.n
TheO.CP.D.p.
TANA RIVM DIIS-TRICT.
The D.S.I90. TANA RIVinIM DISTRICT.




(1017FILPITIAL I9~ e, 8

officer.-InwCharge
A 4 PWIL

OPPBRlAT101M. GALAPIA PlAPCIL,

the p

As~ per my v( rb~l ivrtj~i-;:LT~ to yotto the f 0110YI. ill~ be~
roceeclure T) -r.Uliilg to, opparatlofls on the Galana A~ahohi
I. FOR OPE1RAT101TAL purpoods tho Gui~na lkahbh :alia Lintler,
the co~mnahdl of the DICS-11olas
2'1 You, rihwl~d NOTI darry aUt, any op pem~tions bhi the 'ln
a'rno r~t.;horf:~vi o~rvi~-g tvith the 1)& i U1 OLA.
: Any leorrn4;iat you ltoeive 'on +'h olq'tln( o t movpmnA
o~f bnditn on. tho qpItn.n ;ou]14 Immediately be pasnied,on
t) the PO TIOLAt
44 The Sn I a -44T U~d oupss n'roa of ,oppernWion,.Mll be ros-
tricted. to floe Onlidn river an far qrj Mataldp)i astwnrd ij
evid. up to the e~nd of +hs~ Yr~tta plateau. in the Park West-
54 Any incident invoin 'knii rh "te'ohsoi1b
inuftediately teported" 0 tihe D60.4 11blas.*..
o 0.o W en Os&

District C~ommni rotr THoln

Wirr3en F~olc
WVarden Tsaiva Enst Na~tion~al Prk
Me.YJat'er Oiu~fnoi

Veb 4

j
87

19th

-1




SUPPLEMENT ON THE SOMALI SITUATION AS AT 15/2/07

('11 i.-Ji b -q i n r ii. r c)- 0,1 r "IAl.Y a t m ;-I I wa~s held i th Ill EM ndi yo,
o. 1- 1- 1.) J. 1" (7!V f- r 1: 1:11 C ~ r' i .i r c! Cv: w7!e-va' t 1. ci a r d iA e f-r rl 0 1 v ;-I. s
c!~ ; iI ic d o 1".c 1i on i I-I7kt 1, 1. r :..q u es t E. (I ma j cm- (O )v re. -1- n t ex ev j. -1 tr)
ii t ~ i -)- f 1:1:1 that '-.-ry hi-lf -f lerlrted aiUteffpts sikdi a. iU
c 1. :r)uldc comprowdt e tx? -L--v satff lf .~oe 40C) JpjcCp P r, 111 ). t
y~' us; ji't e yu d h -y t Uhe r c)a h I-- T- .-- xr i t LIa t w c. vul. d a F i s t i r)
I h:~ Ii,~ beivwittcri to h im iri O~ci- ol-j'r- by Mr- Fowys. I rn d
R~ (r) u- I.. J. rij g t i-i t.he DCw i~ buth frysel~tf arid Ill-vr tw3 woul. d b e
lit *'- I-:. i s" T f- mct. fc r 1 3a 5 1 I si 10 on I i t )r ,st an1 d Wa a :ie nI(. d tl by
c) 1-' iC r) nb I I' s- 1 y o, k p to y ~I p I I acj q I Rf I r- ri I:'d y~ s tir
'i t i II n-71 fCi 't.a I I t ,. ltra v~ic..1 1d Uch ric) ac i.-ve pa.t ii (-,I i tn ri,-it J. n l
I al~- at i t a:ir (*..fr (3alaria 1 iv..i emxpl e-. rid Lo hi A. I -iiA ck
* ~ -'r (1.i.1 q i t- ed wt-- F-. mni. 1. 1. L an-Y oipr-a -1 :-i 1 -vii Mgai ris-t. ti e poirachiiI 1
EhinUlat G .tl' ivii : iU 31arla. -'espariss)i. 11 y. ove
W-4 5 l S' ) maI r I: I .A c y t (-A I. e Iic Iv)v WH]CI c o-cper cite c-, n ri g v i. I i
11 .. 11 11 P e :bi ) fy i: :1 -t cl r- Ul.k a t: fh ur Idrs ('Ia raCAria I rc
I-)-. h. 1. 11 i d w I Ii g 1:i. rig I, i d ri tl- LiiU! e~se av- ued 1 3oma 1 1 s A ri d t I i t.tg h
y i nhi C)! ,t I y ':4 t .; t h P1 (I irl suI.) 1Y1tI1g fooicd thf:y v ni- gcr y(I ld
A' 1- clivirg us ur ip to0 daf: e rifi(rlii 1:f C). the i cmvmels O
r)? I. itu e 1 1 .
T! V M7, y vemv ...v~ y z -." g~~ ,-A 1: T t zl c.) 1. -;i dc' 111n i t r-ninmil rig in I l'
: 1. t. t. to c-e~ uI U -h I~ S m I i. -A ird fYad e i. L p ai 11 1:o C.) u
f vm ep v o t lie i,- 11 gI 1. y f: Ur.70 n cd Arl I.: i. b ilnId i. i: till j. t
IU qin c l ve V ~ f-.-e t t. I 1; L d po Io~ -1v d P~v J up to c. I;, L.
Sor-n~ : .o [v c e ch v!2 17 Ei C- IU al-) Cri t .a Ac C 0 11
V4Cii d I~ f- t.. J1i on '. I' (Dill 1H4) 1a
'? ; r 1! f I i ; m oti vcj y 'Il r I ~ uci I~ ( C I A c'ri m i.1 rDOs(3; i l f-111
I- crE ii oir si C h e ~ I -1r' f cr.: i on 1 1: 1 An r ):i. -b anrid it u rn .i- =_ W ;
rz-~ I i -Ld hr! m de f n 1: fIV1171- .- f- J Hn t i. h I V4 C) 0it 1'' lr (
0. j. on oiij PA t t~z c I ri (T, rl. : r) cwl (t i r t-,a 1 1 i -:11 (-2 I: I t R a i I
I' l(. F :ki A Ivn i 'it i: f 1.ee T' w. : r 1 c i n t. l- )J L l f h i




"nrortunmWI yth DOwa away whe1'1n I took up thm ':13 socondz r ep or J., ~
prvricu i wee and included norbe reports of movements from t hr,~lts F r c~in I I~ atl
on [-h;)t:r~ II11: day~ and thmtl~- previous da cay thatC I saw when I, was atn myl
far a I knwtmewGn cintkn
'311 c, nl seco d W po t whici.) ,.,as iert an~ 111 th e 6th t the Anti-:i.
PUPOMM Unif has been mantl~rti ~I)(~1 ~~r~t tu Salaa Gatale by Mr Bass3~~z and on Lheirllrr
Y-sh My nn! jA: rr. Galana they:t~ je also-made co-!:ntact wiithl threec Soaliis on
h c).-d r:!r ohfna.Oe of the unit was~ i~da shota in thle arm andtc~
This skir tIh appened in a erd of breedig cattle~la and on-Ie ral[ T
woo kided. Th3Cn -I:e obvious:~:r~ deductionc~r was made 6y the A nti-ponchFocl~ing
unit Lhat our peop- e wmre involved~ butt it is a measure of how 1.(7
bitatl te Pomalis move around~c Galanr-a th~lat the 2 units to (
visit Gal ga~nla hav e, within a m, tatter of hours, me' i~ ll~t uIp with Soma M(-m81i.
Q: n M:le rn~ads,
I strongly feel that the action taken by tthe Anti-b~bandiit and
At ,t i-p oac hi nIIg unitst is not the c~rrectl way to deal with the
situation.
There is already less information commiNg in on the activities of
the Pachers.
Ther U-e C OCU be thrv-ee 'reaso's far this a. No radio
communiicatiion;i i ,
i : b. The poacherss
C Aee- not as=?E blatant witht- their r movements and will be mr
difficult to keep track of;- and -
C The hherders
themselves are no longer giving the i nf ormatilon asI:8-: it :;may
jeopadise their saftey.i : lli :
Th-e poachers5 are 'still on :Galana.' There w~as: shooting at~
IKapengani an th-e day the Anti-poaching unit was at Konofodo.l
Acs I h-ave never seen any Anti Poacing or ~r Anti-bandit follow
armoed Somalis on foot :I requlest that a elc-riae
opeeration be plannd to se air~craft and men on the g_ round toc
sweep the Somalis into well placd ambush points. ::
I aml responsible fore thle safety f 400 people and wil~il no ~_longer-f
infriormAtion to the Anti-shift force if it results in th
kind of action we have already sen. I .




POACI ING SUPP-LEM'ENT

Mrj Sindiy h ,r~ ~as b: 'menI1 rr' 1 mro r! by D r Po~re O 1i ndlo as the head W.
h~~-n !il ii: Iha a? ve'ryr good~~ meing~~ w:;,~:ith theL ne~w director z-An
I Ie~Ft' the~ met1:ing { mel in thiat somet.thi ng wo'~1.d si~.n be doricn,
pv~ act: i vitl.y and Miar sal e togeth'Ller witLh S3aid h ad see a gr ouip
) C f)t I ay'' I 1 L 1 ~I' 1 c. J I I I 11 1) I~~ C1) i1 Il l ~ tit y V
K. h, id. seek men. atl Daaaal idhdher hoig4
(I :r .1 1 i gouio n. Soais seemir t(1 hav made~ fathe~ K.11a I perani D 1ami tiei r bqy--:
v~ To hadr~ borth seen ths j~~p Iple an~d h ad Found carcass of
Eland Arp: ~i anld OJrx in thIe areai~.
Onr' theI 26thv th e day> af:ter- our- metE i.ng wi th Dr O1l indo I me~t fCor
Romafly- at 81es the ~:; L~y werIe collect~ in iijwater. Onie was arme1d an(--
the mn t hr- three wsr e cr:arying m~ e'at fromw a" OJryx and water bot tl1es
I 7 :.. I. mfC' th 11c : al-Fie w~ 'am nn exf empt(Atlo(:yee f r omr Iulml na.1t me(-]
-.ri O ~lr-o t)ho c omes f romi Wji tI. I uners~ t andi thiat tIheke an aneOi
I Iit~i :' fff~ IT ~ 1 ~l'hid :. Thir~ ..t- t nn-i mi-n wh -.) was ar'-med th-a I 3C f 1 e
lt had a G3 auto~mat ic and wore a khtak i j jacket and green tro~user s.
10 WeS frj ct n I y but S p ile Poor SI~h :iiq our people e said thatL
WES a Gare f romr El Wak On asketAd if he was not safCra~id of Ithe
ani Nra~'ic:Ii n g un i ts h;Ie la*~ugheAd-and 'sa id that all1 he hiad to do wes
fi f. : otic. shot in the air, and they would all lip down, this would
then giv h lIim t imfe to osap:e.
sid to have ~5 ri Fles.
'.1a Of SomaAiJru () ~CIis I. thatII. com OtinIto M~ iLIduA.i C~ eac eveningL
coll c~t water dul seemsn to be a f avouite area and certai nily
I -~ a' f. h2r -r,, :i'i n i mibeLr of El sph Iant s;Iot ver-'.?y czlose5 to t *he dom
01-1 1- 1I (.- '.-nd INarchI I Lemtai.yonr sa 3 upl1e b etween milH 7 and L I I
ti h d1ilm, I th ink tat thynt:ei nre punlabl y the mamm yrjIu~p thak
.~o hm'sel ves at: Ni du.
Chi U.ie Ad cI :.sa~w a vory frnl kcI1 'illm1 d El ephant j ust Nohr L or-




;.k., p 1; 1

41

A0 ME TASDERLAKCM IIWW Lftlw




kifi~ULIC Oir Kri iA
elIMo .14o0tsil
Wbcn replyigr' rle uot 113.fLD AL 1kOAD
Telepho+ 14irobl 728370/U L
henreplyi IP.D. Uoi 14188
4AIR001
kel. '. l
24th Februatry.)., 19.0.7.
~ ~ ly :~ I ~I 1:........... .. .......
Permanent Secretary
;office of the Presidentco
P 0 Box 30510
NAIROBI -
I'Il
ARMED SOMALI POACHERS -
G GALANA RA1C4C COAST PROVINCE
i i
A ..t,C- i
it has been reported to-me by the Mahagemelt of 6alUna Ranch *.ii which
the kehya Government is a Shareholder that the security situation ont
their laid has worsened ahd is of serious.proportioli4 This situation
"has subsisted for the past-six months during which Various Governmeit
..authorities have been informed of the pres'ence-of ar-med Somali poachers
within the ranch. Among those who were Informed were the District
, : : Commissioner, Tana iver and the Director of the Department of Wild
Life Conservation avd Maliagement. Despite those reports the security
situation on the tatich has steadily deteriorated and- it has become
cleat thatthe Ant-Poaching Unit is unable, to bring the position under'
control. I am itiformed. that on Wedesday.28th.janiuary4 1987 there
was a battle between poachers and the Unit which left one Inember of the
later forces badly injured.
The view of the kanch Managementwhch thi5 Ministry shares is that in
order to brihy the Situation Under effective control it is necessary
for mo-e specialised forces tuch as the GSU to be deployed in the area.
In this cotinctiont I may point out that the taich-which comprises of
1.5 mi llIoh acres is an extremely extensive area of land which a small
force such as the otie maliltalned by the Mihistry of Toulism and Wildlife
ia fanht effectively lodk ater.-' The totul number Of cattle and wildlife
7 on the ranch is lit excess of thirty thousand,
We shall be grateful if the suggestion made above r-gadinq deployment of
more effective forces would be taken up urgently in Order to bring
the situation on the ranch under reasonable control
'" '
...1.*,
J. ADAMBA
- PERMANENT SECRETARY
* C'!
.jj




POACHING SUPPLEMENT

A high level security meeting was held on the iith at Kamboyo,
Tsavo West. This was attended by Dr. Olindo, the DC Hola with
his OCPD, Special Branch Officer and District Game Warden. It
was also attended by The Senior Wardens Tsavo West and Eadt and
Anti-poaching.
I was excluded from the main part of the meeting on the grounds
that I was not a Government Officer and had not signed the
Official Secrets Act.
When I Was called into the meeting I was asked to contribute
information on bandit movements but it was obvious that a general
plan for an operation had been formulated when I had not been
present. The other point that I understood was that the DC Hola
was going to be in charge of any operation that would. be
undertaken on Galana but that the Wildlife Department would .come
up with funding for the operation.
I made it clear to the Officrs present that thbre had been a
very obvious bandit presence until the 5th March and.from that
day there had been ho more information. This; considered
unusual and attributed it to either ivory -being moved or
information of an impending operation against the'banditsggetting
to them.
There was ho information of any description for a further two
weeks and on the 25th Dr. Olindo was called and told this..
on my return on the evening of the 25th I was told that there
were 10 Government vehicles on the ranch with Askaris.. The
operation wad obviously Underw%..y.
On the 26th I met up with two vehicles full of Askaris at Bires
while I was cattle counting. I had been told that very mbrning
that there were "Shifta" at Annanuto and suggested that the
Askaris check there.
Later while I was counting Sala's boma at Konofodo a land cruiser
called in at the boma and just after we had exchanged greetings I
had a ball from Henry Henley. There were two bhhdits t-aking
wateot from b2 on tIhe Diviu pipeline. I immediately gave this
information to the askaris together with instructions on how to
get there and they left. I assumed to check out the report and
told Henry that they were on their way. Henryvoluheered to
wait at D5 and brief the Askaris. 2 hours later they had not
arrived and Henry left. ,
The Askaris had gone to Bires and waited for the other forces and
the report was not acted upon until after 3pm. Too late to
achieve anything.




In the meantime I had counted at Annanuto and received a report
of 2 shots heard near one of the bomas.
On my return to Bires I met the commander of the operation
Inspector Shurie and gave him the information about the two
shots. A unit was dispatched to investigate and ambush the dam,
On the 27th I received a report from Masusu that 7 Babdits had
appeared in his boma the previous night. I went up to Bites to
relay this to.Insp. Shurie but he was out so I left a message.
On my return to HQ I met Insp. Karanja and gave him the
information together with a sketch map of the possible area that
the people would move to. I had mistakenly assumed that the 7
were the same group that had been seen the previous day at D2 but
in fact as I later learnt they had .crossed over from Kulalu at
Kisiki and they went to Kapengani.
Insp. Karanja was given the information at 2pm. He was still
there at 5pm.
The following day Insp. Shurie went to the Kapengani dam and
asked the pump attendant if there were any reports of Shifta. He
was told that they had been there the evening before, ,Later the
same person told the Askaris that the Shifta had been there that
morning and when the Askaris went to investigate they were.called
back and told that the Shifta were under a certain tree at that
very moment. All this had the effect of giving the..shifta time
to get away so the pump attendant was arrested for obstructing
the officers.
As far as I know there was no effort to follow Up the bandits on
the ground although they had left a lot of their belongings under
a tree. These were collected by the Askaris.
Later the same day the Askaris visited the. KETRI- boma -at
Kapengani and asked the headman, Omar; if there were anysteports
of shifta. They were told ho and when asked who all the.-people
in the boma were said that they were workers. One was a bandit
but that was not discovered Until later by which time the bandit
had disappeared. Omar was also arrested.
On the 30th I was summoned to the anti-bandit camp and it was
explained about the pump attendant and Omar. In. conclusion
Insp. Shurie said that the Galana workers were not trustworthy
and that he had given his men instructions to coilect up any
suspicious looking people that they see even if they were
employees.
I managed to persuade the Inspector that out senior staff would
be able to 'assist in rounding up all wageni and sent Marsale
right there and then to round up wageni with a detachment of
Askaris.




In the meantime the other Askaris were rounding up just about any
one they saw and I was beginning to get calls from Terence to say
that his people were being harrassed by the Askari6 abd.that some
were being rounded up even though they were employees.
By this time I had left Insp. Shurie but returned and asked him
to call off his Askaris if I arranged for each section manager to
have Askaris accompany them the following day when wages were due
to be paid. This was agreed.
I kept getting calls from Terence to say that his people were
being harassed and asked him to instruct Insp. Karanja to call
off his people as I had made an arrangementwith Isp. Shurie.
Terence was unable to make contact with the Askaris so I followed
them to mile 10 and spoke to KaranJa. They had collected about 5
employees, 3 of which I vouched for and several Wageni.
On the 31st after each section manager had collected his wages he
was instructed to go to Tank E and collect his Askaris and to
collect all wageni. There Was not one on the whole Ranch!
That afternoon I was visited by Police Superintendent Musa from
Hola. He speht the day here and left that evening for Malindi.
The points that I would like to make about the operation are:
a. The security forces were far too 'low 'in actingg Upon
information;
b. The security forces Wil NOT walk. They o&n not 6xpeot to
make contact with these bandits on the roads;
c. Bearing in mind the fact that the forces will not walk an
aircraft would be essential. On two obslions-bandits had ben
found and an aircraft would be able to pin the bandits dwn until
the Askaris had time to catch up with them. Thd bandits are
afraid of aircraft, especially Helicopters, and one should take
advantage of this;
d. The Security forces should be commended for showing
considerable restraint in dealing with the employees on the
Ranch. Uhtil Omar gave them a reason for not trUting out
employees they had been very polite. Even afteritwards they Were
restrained and though people were harrassed they were not
severely beaten; and

e. 2 Giraffe, 2 Topi and an Oryx have so far been
forces. It is a pity about the Topi as they are so Ui




2nd. April 1987. 9.00am

Marsalo Abdi Was given a report in Abdulla Bange's Boma of 2
shift that had come into the boma that morning. He called Jomo
and Tom and asked them if they had seen any Askaris as he had
very good infbrmation for them.
A short while later Jomo called and said that the Askaris had
arrived at Tank E. It was arranged that Jomo carry 10 Askarib
and meet Harsale near Konofodo. The others were to follow in
their lorries and catch up later.
Marsale met the Askaris and took them to hear Bahge'8 bomta where
they left the tar and walked. Marsale continued to Swan's boma a
few kilometeres away, as he drove into the boma a shift that had
been Walking ihtb, the boma ran away. he Was ithmediately Informed
and left the boma to collect the Askarit that he had left in
Bange's boma.
By the time he had returned the tWo lorries had artBied. It was
again decided that Marsale woUld help by carrying the Askaris.
The 1orrieS b ere cohidered too slow and noisy. Again the
Askaris were dropped off a way from the boma and Marsale
continued to the AhnanUto dam.
On his return to the boma the Askaris, led b: Ihspectors Karanja
and Jarso had arr-ived in the boma.
The Askaris were not interested in follwing the tracks of the
shift that had run away. I subsequently was shown where the
tracks reached and at no time did the Askatig go more thah 500
meters ftoW the boma.
A discussion was held between the two off icers and I.t Was decided
to beat the herders. The herders were collected together and
Insp. KarAhja took a piece of car tyre and beat each of the
herders.
I can hot ubdetsthnd thib tesponlg6 to eOcxclleht 00 'lpe.rtibh from
Galana.
a. Nlo information was withheld from the security forc6!j lb fact
they had been given first class information;
b. Our tnen Were astoUnded that no effort wag tnade to make
contact With the Shift6;
0. Marsale 4ent odt bf his way to assist the SeOtfity ofttces to
the extent th~t he compromised his own safety and th- of, the
herders in the bdnab; ahd
d. How can our people be expected to co-operate i when they
do, they are beaten.




Teletphone: itoli 29 and 36 blISTICtr COMMISSloiNmvs orciC
Tclegraims: *"isriWI, i~oll TA*A ittVWf bl~lt~i
Wheni replying JP64as dUbti d~o
......o~. RN A87
Li/r3. Gailanau Gc;.ac L D-Iicliinu Ltd.
..C -Bo-- 201391
The~nc.7rou. for -rou-r letter dated1 18th I'laiy, 97 ~iuh~
Q~)roc~t ihe ux ;acz~r. and tL!2. 100d to fauiliaris'o s elf
ri t2 yotir r-. Iiin ;a Qt ivit c s on the 'Cro-,1-nd I I rarnot be
cmvailablo until lj:- t~i ~,ac cond wceh of tig~t-Lb 1 1987 4
l i otever. L-,c'U in tolach. VII-1 -.OIL in dctut Co-Lu.ro -".1( provide
In the racn-ti;,w) -ay oflie i'11 ceori Cl'j.Otj OVI
"1:etches proved 1.,hanty ot'n our Last opcrationa
YOIXrj f 1-thf I% r
.),:,I T




SECURITY sUPPLEHENT
A meetihtj was arr-anqed with Mr Mohamed YusuifHaj the PIC Rif~t
Valley, for the 6th September and Was Attended b Mr PdWys arid
myself i e P:C's of fice.
We had felt the Mr H-aij was the brne very senior~ Government
[If fIcer Who would understand our- problem with the Shift,,4 nd Who.
would be able to give us advise on'Who-to see about degling with
the problem effectively.

We were noit disappointed. Mr Hlaji was extremely cohcerped about
our report on the situation And' understood perfectly our concern
about protecting the people on Galana -From' .reprisals by the
Sh fta. I left him with a very confidential file Of reports that
I have compiled over the past-year and we left: the meeting
feel in that at last something Eonstructive wolrd be done about
the Somali situation.
Wheni I returned to Galana on the 11th September having been away
since the beginning of the month I found the kshiftA situation
more out of hand than ever.
Jhti-e E epharnt had been, shot between, the I-odge and the Lali Hil I s
and the Ivor-y tiken from two of them, This sAppeeii;d to b very
III( I f br Shif to arid for a few days we suspected the anit-i-I
prjrhing unit froin Sala. I was incor-rect. They' had be t1 shot by
Shjfta, nately Jiro. The same pei-son tamb ht:6the area', twir-e.
more during the month and killed A f+Uther 4 ~tphahl ':
I also discovered that another group of Eletihant had been shot
while I was away. This Was a drbLip 6+ 24'a f hhdirtd yards I K
BOuI-i 6+ thf-M Bisal-balS watef- lb. I Went 4hd had.i AooIk at the
car-cases and collected ff. ty r3 Ic artridg~s rotin the tcene.
Ilire wei-e 18 carcases ih oine plate and about 1 k AWAY' another 6
and it looked as if they had been shot on about the' ist
t-ptember.
.Ihr oui-ghout the rest of the motith 'there Were ali mst' Hi sportss
of Shifta from all over the Ranch. Marsale met Jiro At kore and
fie confirmed that he had killed the Elephant ArbUrid the Lali
Hills. Jiro has the reputation of being very selective of the
Elphart tie kills arid also of not being a very good shot.
I have never had adequate inFormation 'on who 11k1ii d : the 2 4
Elephant. but would suspect that it Was the group that had been
killing all the Elephant in July.




ie of the most disturbing pieces of news during the month Was
that Aden Kalalte was back with a grijup of either 9 br 12. -'This
became even more alarming when we heard that a Giriama had been
killed by bandits at Ndigiria an the S.E. corner of Kulalu and
that it Was Kalalte's group that had killed'himn and robbed' his
Jn the stweek of September there were daily reports of Kalal te,
being sell. There was ever one report of him coming to the Tank
E dt*kA and buying goods. HO paid with a bag -Full of small
change. Not only did fie come into the duka but he ts.&d at least
two Galena vehic les that day to get from Kaperigani to Tank E arid
then ohto Kore. Kalalte spent thenight at: Xore arid the
folla~wit day lie persuaded Marsale to carry hi'm to'T~nk k.
Throughout the month I had been in contact, WiUk bbvernment,
(ff iuprs concerning the siiiUatioyt.
JOr the 12th Gilfrid Powys 'arid I went to kamboyo i-opo -t~d the
si tuati on As we had found it when I had returned, the previ ous
day arid made anl arrangement -for Mr Powys to meet, With Mr H-amiltoni
rdthe Wildlife Depar-tment on the 13th in Naiirbbi., bn" hi s
arrival in Nairobi Mr Powys met with both Mr Hamlitbn And- Dr
(.11 i rido, the dir -:tar And expl ained the si tuation.
i the 16th I met Mr Hamilton arid also explained the ,situation.
-- -. . .

Dit the 27th Major Juma of the Kenya Army visited and asked'
quLeatiorns about the Somali situation. I gave him'a report and a
map of O3alaria and showed him some photographs if flephaht that
had] been killed by Shifta.
onil the 20-th an arr-angement was Made -for me to meet r Olirido in
Vi. and brief him an the situation. I did so and gave. him a map
polintinqg [it the areas where we expected the Shi ta' t'-b and
also a description of the p~rmalent water i n the hotherhi area of
the Ranch.
I was away for three days at tie end of the month and on my.
return discovered that the operation to deal With the 8hifta was
' rr tder-way -i ~~~ a




REPORT ON THE GOVERNMENT OPERATION
On my return to Galatia on the 4th October I was told -that 12
ver-h)icles had been seen at Koromado by Emarnuel anid that. he had
reported it over the radio.
'That same evening I saw the vehicles going through HU. A G)SU
officer asked me for- directions to the causeway and'then a few
minutes later all the vehicles .came through HU And went towards
the. causeway. Later that evening Henry enley and Mr Anderson
camlte and saw me And gave me a report on what had happened that
day. I was told the the force that I had seen that evening were
camped on the river just beyond the causeway.
The Following day Mr Anderson told me that the fortes had been to -
the lodge arid thlat Henry hail given therm the lion skins and 4
Elephant tusks that Henry had recovered from dead EIephart in the
Laii Hills area. This force, led by -the deputy,CPD Kilifi, theni
left the Ranch .
J1 th- meantime I hear d that Terence had met 'the same force on
the 4th, the day they arrived arid sent them up to Tank M on the
i pel r e. They went as far as Tank N, about5kms short oF Tank M
a~rld then turned around. I understand that they, had some of our
petiple to show them the way and that our people then went'. to
Swan's boma near Tank M. Near the boma they met soMeL Shifta and
Volt] them about the Askaris*. Had -the forces goneto Tani- H they
would have madecotitact, there was. one Shi f ta ttierei t the.trough
at the time.,
TIa tight there were a ]t of shift tracks seen going between
Tank' and Wachu.
Ciii the ',th I was working on cattle at Mile 10 When another .~rOU1
of Soldiers tame in, the two officers were Lt Owti of I the Army
ani Insp Karanja. I gave them the information about Shi- La
mnoviiiq North and told the- where 1 felt .theywould be going. I
c-inyested that Bires arid Annanuto be -very carefully wat ched.
i also told them of a report that ant Elephant had been ki 1 ed a t
Jaa on the 4th. *
The Scildiers theni followed me to 110 whter-e I gave Lt Owl-t 1some
mais of Galatia and Lexplairied to him where to loot, for Shifta in
ther' North. I also told him to contact MArsale at Kore As M rsale
wa;s bound to have up to date information. The Soidiers Were at
IIf) 4-ro (J ion Ab 1~ t in ili I ') pit At that time I Went with Mr
Andr sooi to see Marsalfe and to tell, him t c o.'er te wi th Lt
fjwi 1A ihie sold prr tr : ve; at Koe vd ijuIst bef ore da'k and Mr-salP
I-LrId them what lie kIIew. i. This included a report that a large
pi-f IIII of !%hi fta had been sep..i on the -th at Charijalt 4.
-fipe fol)3winq diay the Boldiers dr-ove to it-es and then an Past
1:0 iri c's homa onl the way 1-f.) jar,. They then turned r-ound and
left the Ranch via Didinia fliile.




Oni the Fth, Major Juma came to Ho and Net Mr Ahdrson and myself.
i was asked wto photocopy 5eviral Poumnehts reldtihg tb lion
,kins arid was told that the CID andi police were at' the lodge:
takihqt statements fromt Henry. Later the bfficersj led byl the
OCPD. Mlalindil tame to my house and I spent the whole afternoon
writIinrg MAWtments about the lion skins.
thii the 9th a force came into the Rench from Hola and stopped and
mr.ar cied everyone's houses o"t the Ranch. Both Terence and David
lit] t heir houses searched and David had 5 Uhlicenced adios
confiscated. I W~s called bock from Tank E and had to open the
office safe then had to accompany them to my house where they
proceeded to search every inch of my office. The search team was
led by Sutpt Huika of the CID but there Were qlso Special Branch
Officers and Police Offic~ers. I Was very upset about this and
from their menacing attitude it was obviouscthey.JU14y kPhoyted
to find infohitation lihking me to the Shifta. I Wid to'.Lxplair)
my 'position and shdWed them all the reports that 4"had written
f :w the past. 10. months. I hi. s calmed the situation but they
cotin~tued their search.
Sup. Hluka confiscated a"~ Airgun anid a gas powered Cap-chur gun
that: had been here since John King left in here in the early
1970's. They also confiscated 2 smoke canisters.
T was then taken to the: office where I photocopied all MY
r ep'r ts. There I met the OJCPD Hola Ahd an Army Captain; The
UCPD) Was told that I had been found Wthout. a per&0~fbk.thb "two
firearms and I was told that this was amt of-fencer l
I then spent at least dhi hour with the Officers ih-myanoffite
briefiho them on the sit~atQbW.'-'
'The following day, the 10th, I took a Special Plranch bffcer,
Abdi,' to Kuo'-e where we tiet up With Harsale; Mahsal~ tbld 'him
virtu 'ally the ;same things that 1 had beehn saying~ All alono:
check out the Hem bpbtrilly Chahijaltb,i, Bi -ts, konb~odo and
Ann~anUtb;' Ha -sale Was certain that KAMalt was tti!lY at Chanjalo
and si3 we Weht thbre and Net up with 8n ox tArt !Attehdant- who
said that 2 Shifts had been into Nesa'sibomg on tht-ovknih~ of"
the Sth and that they had taken 2 packets of maize mealv~ahd -had
also said reserve them sugar when the mid-month duka. run was
Lake"i around.
It appeared that there were fresh tracks of At Aag&Aw *Shifta
at the dam and I showed these to Abdi -
We t he" wpnt to Ness's buma and AMd posed as sbmbhlh looking for''
a jub. -He was instantly recognised by Algi a herdQ~ ~ho' had been
at lank ~E the previous day and Marsale was takwHIMOV1d an-d A old
that nbdi was a ClID Officer. Mesa conifirmmd Ahf~ttho Shifta had
les-1 there two days hefure. Whot was irttereshhoi Wis that both
reports said the Shifts had ant injured persons'AMd"that, they
re.(Iti r-ed capsules.




After we returned to 1(ore I flew Abdi along Lugga Buna to try and
find water beyond Anhanuto. Marisale was- convinced-, that the
Shiifta have _gathered together somewhere along the lugga where
thLyhv aes oWtr We did Hot see wt-but tMartal e
is still coikVAhi-ed that if one toul d f d ~e;A n h -'Lugcla
thpil tite would find where All the shifta are hiding. There is
a distinct possibility that'there is underground water- somewhere
Iciaris, thb Tania River. While flying around we saw two more
Elepharit (=A-cases that I had' not seen before they were 2 to :3
weeks bd.' I also flew over- Annranuto and-shoWed -Abdi the 9
carcgsos hkbar the airstrip. ''There was no one at the dam or we
Would Ha~ve landed.
That same afteriton Ma,ale went to Annanuto avid -drld thAt the
Shifta had been there that morning. They had been into. the boma
st 7- 30 am Arid were seeti aL the dam aLt to am. Whon Harsale gut
L o tlie dam he- met up with lnsp Karanja who had beeh there since
I Ijm. Thre time by now was :3 pm and the Soldiiers spent :a lot of.
time taking in Marsale's information. They Lhen Went to the boma
an(] by that time it waq too late to art on it.'

Two herders were taken by Forces from H-ola from MArsale's ct- and
they have been tento G~arsen and then H-ola,.
III Lhe evening Marsalte gave me this information and I Lol d h im.
to co~me into 140 and we would report it to the Army Camp that had
beeti set up near mile, 1. I went into- the tamp ahd told S~ipt H-uka
th ft I would be returning after dark With Marsalt With a full
r -p or t This we did. Abdi-took me aside anid asked if I k new
anything of an Elephant that' had. bben killed that day opposite
the lodge, this had been killed by an arrow. t did not know
C-In the 12th tht-re were helicopters flying around the Lali Hills.
Mr Anderson came and told me that Henry, had seeh two people
runn11ing near tiie lodge',Airstrip the pi-evious morning.
immediately got. on the radio and told Henry to report: it to the
Ar my CRImpI at Mil1e 1. When I retur-ned with Hr Anderson and Mr-
Prettejohni at 10.30 am there Were two poliemeni waiting -For me at
the Of-f-ice. I went into thep off ite and wrote a statement
regarding the firearms.

J I I t art~e -huooj tlie Army Ciimp moved arid when Ole Pblite -F-F icers
wen t past Kore Lhey said that Marsale was to -eort t'Garsern at
1- amn thie followiriq day.
1hie --am"- evenng I met ;A lurry with- aii Irsperttor rI-bmn H-ola saying
t-hat tht-y had beent or-dered to meet with the -forCL-at Mile 1. 1
t-n JI d tiev 1- P h1:a1Rt I LtIhIUU lt Hte forter had left. that- d~y. The lorry
spent the night at HIQ aiid left tHie Tollowing morning.
Clit thep I lii Tom repfirtor tiat the A _karis, from "b4ia had kilIlIed ant
I-Jorid nie;ar thL- Dera airstrip.




Hat-salte went to barseri as 'Instruc~ted and- gave the narhes of
the Shif ta tHat he0 knew inclL~ding !piliE that' had- deet~I!:
Gq I art F.

From

Oi~th Ui 5Lk We saW Hr Hamilton -fly p'Ac-t towards kulalIA4 we called
at iu. asked i t-' Hami I tort could ol ease 5~i ofie, HLA:" b~Ame d-Oss
.IAtpr- 6nd I avv him a brief acuoUnt b+ What :Had Iieeh happenings.
f.e A'~~ ~bi 9 gang of Sh if ta i n the ri'vtriHe 4brestat -Di vi L
Rnd : fu-- thb~ rest of the mcrwHioig' ther-e Wero holit6pters flyihtj
ae-dihid. I al so gave Hr Hamilton -A ma-p. of Gal ah;A"hd-'-k0ti~st 'ions
bf [he IL h eight look *for 'the shift*A hb~dd thbry -ev the
r' i vor.-




SECURITY.SbPPLEMENT

On -the 201;h Ocl.ober Gilfrid Powys met some GSU soldiers on t;he
ll]. Hills and suggested thaL, I make con-tact with them., _, That
sMrne eve ning there wR.s a report; from MarsaJe that theiie were
Slif L at; Aftin~outo-). 1 tu.d Mr Powys who passed on thalt
information on.
The following evening I went to the GSU camp near the- lodge w i h
Marsale and made arrangements for 3 Borav askaris to join Marsale
the following dny, and go with him -to Arinanuto.
On th1~e 22nd Marsale collected the three askatij and had them
dressr! up ns civilians. He then took'them to Annanuto, Bires
and Alango Shira. Shifta came in to Annanuto an hour after
Marsale left. When I returned the 3 GSU men to -theitcamp I made
arrangements for the cattle boma'at AnnanUto to be moved -oUt the
following day so that the GSU could move in there and not have to
worry about meeting up with our people. The water in' the dam was
finished and the cattle would have had to move out in any case.,,
On the 23rd the cattle moved out and we met the GSUT at mile 7 as
-they were moving up. They moved at night without lights.
Oti the 24th I.tere *were reports of Shif ta at Tank L arid Sala
lRngo's boma. Wi-Lh the GSU so fai- away it was very difficult to -
keep them in formed so T went there with the reports and made
arrangements to supply t-hem with a ranch radib.
On the 25th I A;ook up a radio and made arrangements to call up
I;hree times a dmy. This was quickly seen to be unsatisfactory as
we we- getting reports of Shifta at Tanks h ard L arnd were having
-to wait for hours before being able to make contact.
On 'the 26th there were again reports of Shifta at Tanks M arid K.
The (SWU ambushed some of -the tanks, and nearly Tuedb.ymorn ing 2
Sht ifta walked into an ambUsh at Tank. K. O-0ne. Shift, was wounded
but managed to escape, *the other escaped unwounded'
-On the 28th the GSU again made contact with the Shif-ts; this Lime
at Annanuto. The SU saw some shifts on the dam wall ard tracked
them up one GSU man was wounded in the exchange of fire but the.
GSU recovered a 03 i-ifle fnd 167 rounds of aimunition when they
fired a grenade al. the shift. That afternoonthe GSU returned
and revovered another 400 round of ammunition together with a
magazine for an AK47 anrd clothing e c.
The following morning, the 29tH, we met 3 shifta tit Alahgo Shira
arid they said tIhat they were from the group that had met-.the.GSU
th1-e previous da-y. They said thaL~ they had lost, everything and
requested hlp. I refused to give them anything but-a bUp of tea
but when we left Lhey went into Endeshaw' s' .e and helped
themselves to what they needed.




This report was given to the GSU before 7 am but they were more.
inlerested in a report -that I had given them the previous day of
5 shifta carrying a 6th across the river. They assumed that this'
was the wounded man from, the amb.shl on the 27th.
All during this time reports were coming in from all over the
Rnh fnhd they must; hve averaged 5 reports per day.
ni Friday the 30Ulh tom ga vP: a report of a giraffe, that bad been
killed very nenr Longori's boma at Tank A anrd that the shift had
been into the bona -that morning. The GSIJ Under Insp. Kariuki
investigat-ed and when Lhey were returning to their V'ehicls there
was an exchange of fire and one-GSU man was killed and another
wounrlded. No shift were seen.
Tl nn, who had been wounded at; Tank K on the 27th wa recovered
on the 31s. .One,,of our cattle herders fromn Kalicha's boma fou nd
him and the GISU were t-old, they came and collected hiin. lIe had
been sho.: through both legs bu; rio bones had' bl'beeh broken. le
snid that; he was a Somali from'Somalia arid thht he had only just
arrived on G'alana.
That saine evening a group of Shifth called on Tom'and thra t;ened
him saying that he and Marsale were helping the GSU and that they
wOrld both be killed if they persisted in helpirig the GSU. Thi si
was the group of Shift;a that causes us the mdst concern as it was
the gotiOp with Adan Ka.:lalte.
SuInday evening thny saw Patrick Hlaiiillton's 'Plane land .t
KnFeptnini and were there within 5 minutes of the, plane leaving
wanting -to know why Tom hmd not; heeded their warning from the
previous day. Tom came and saw me thaI; night together with
Mni-sale anr I suggested that they go and make cont-act with t-h1) e
On Monday, f nd November, IT COTmpar)Y of the GSU was replaced by A
Company under Chief Insp. Mu.Itinda.
Ons the 3rd the police from Mj.indi visited: 6id Wo"sh6Wd'them the
camp. When we left we found a Zebr'a that had -been shot
wi thin a mile of t;he GSU camp by shijfta. We thought that it had
1weet shot that morning but; subsequently learnt that it had been,
shot; at 5pm the evening before. We returned to -th e camp and'
showed it to the GSJ and Pol.ice.
On ihe 4th I assist-ed Chief Insp. Mutinda in fitiding'some of his
troops that had got lost near Bires. We found them- from the'air.
The sane (ay Major Juma arrived and said tha t he had reinforced
t11hp (ISIJ with somne army perqonel.
There are st ill several reports commming, in evety? day and we hope
that; the forces will make contact with the shifta before the
rains which are imminern-;.




A PPIRNDT X N

RADIO CALL 2007
4GALANA GAME &RANCHING LTD, MAU::"
7 XtNYA
aK e
22nd. November 1987.
The Provincial Commissioner,
Coast Province,
P.O.Box 90424,
MOMBASA
Dear Sir,
CLEARANCE OF AIRFIELDS
We have received notification from the D.C.A. withdrawing all our
atratrip licences within Tana River district. We have also been
notified by the D.t. Kilifi that we can expect the same withdrawl
of airstrip licences in Kilifi district.
Sir,whilst we fully appreciate the Governments concern over
numerous private airstrips, this Ranch could simply not be
managed without the use of an aircraft, for the followIng
reasons.
A) There has been a Company of G.S.U. operating against armed
bandits for the past two months. A severely wounded serviceman
was evacuated from ANANUTO strip by one of our aircraft. An
aircraft is used almost daily in assisting the Commanding-Officer
co-ordinate his operations and to spot bandit movements.
B) With the onset of the rains it becomes impossible to reach
certain areas of the Ranch by road. The only means of supplying
our staff with food and veterinary drugs is by air.
C) We are in the process of building a school at ASSA in Tana
River district. For the General Manager to supervise this project
he will have to make a 6 hour drive in each direction and driving
in the rains thus becomes impossible, by air it is a 30 min.
Ecrs M ANERSON. Chapman (US G PETEJOHN. J.GL POWYS, MAANO. A.S ATHERTON. US) A.D.G. DYER R HEATH
[ctr$ M bNaERSON Chairman (US) M G PRE JIOHI. NI J_.GL. POWYS. R. MAIANO. A.$. ATHERTON. |US| A.D.G. DER A ;..A HEATH




f'tght. As.a is a small isolated Orma village to the north of the
I I-nrch and although this strip is not on the Ranch we had it
\,tr nced as we continually visit the sub-Chief of the area.
0 W. h.ve a research agreement with K.E.T.R.I. of Maguga. who
h Pve been studying various aspects of Tripanosomiasis for the
p st 15 years. Their Director, Dr. Njogu, and other research
scientists visit this property every month for two or three days
arriving g by light aircraft from Nairobi, and due to their tight
1;s-,hedules have to fly from one section of the Ranch to another.
F:. .T.R. I wouldd have .to reconsider their entire research
or coramme.
E' We operate a tourist business flying in groups of visitors who
tour the Ranch which has an abundant wildlife population, due to
the isolated location of this lodge 757. of our clients are flown
i n by light aircraft. This business brings in KShs.800,000/-in
foreign exchange annually.
F) The Ranch is situated on the north bank of the Galana river,
during the rains the river floods thus making our only low level
crossing impassable to *all road traffic. The Ranch is then
reliant on aircraft for all normal and emergency movement off the
property.
Finally, the Ranch operates two light aircraft, a 6 seater Cessna
which The.General Manager uses daily to enable him to cover the
, le property of 1.5 million acres, and a 4 seater Cessna used
by the Cattle Manager. Due to the distances involved it is a
_rsical impossibility for either of them to manage theS 24,000
;inad of cattlP and various development projects without the use
'4 aircraft.
J take the liberty of enclosing a map of the Ranch with the
lizenced airstrips marked.
With the foregoing in mind I respectfully request that the
decision withdrawing our airstrip licences be reconsidered.




APISIMAI1 M GOOD IU.* MICHIAEL k S~HEA
ARTIN AN61ERSONtI. WILLIAM S. MILLER
jw.AM QUINN %ACUEUNE, L S. EARiLt
cIIARD ITIFELV KE~. ROS-
uGIH SHEARER* LANI L. FWART
IENRO KASHIIWA RANDALL Y. S1EVERSON
C. gEpSON GARLAND' KENNETH K. P. WONG
CO BRAD M. WEISER PATRICIA Y. LEE,
DAI) DEZZANI' BETTINA W LIJM
DAD T' ISHIIDA- GARY M. SLOVIM
BENT 0. IIITE USA WOODS MUJNGER
OND N. W.L KENNETH B. HIPP
~AVID I. REBER ERNEST J. T. LOO
1MITIIL DOLIER BRUCE L LAMON
WILIAJM C RRISTON PETER T. KASHIIWA
OHN R L CRUSSEL.L S. KATO
BERT FHIRAN LANT A. ODUNSON
~LIFORD .MILR E14 NAKASIUIMA
V YoND i. 11AAT6, SHIARON R. HIMENO
ONALD K. K.SAKIUPA. AMES I IKRO
HOMAS wWIWAMS. JR. YNE4 A. IEKARISKI
talC IAEL 0. TM MICHIAEL)J. O-MALLEY

GoomsLft ANw~soN QJINN t STIFEL
ATToIkf4M~ AT LAw
1600 b~Akcokfo Toikk
H tiMkIAt Sttt
1101,1LoLU. 14AWMIt 068IJ
MAIL ADWpSS: P. 0. 13ok 3196
. 140OLULU. H4A*AII 9680i

TEUECOPIEk
(808) 514628

tLAW CORPORATION
BONA OIFICS
AILIJA-KLONA. HAWAII 96745
PHONE- (804) 329-771
TELECOIR: (808) 326-2384

TtUOfIONE
(808) 047.5600

TELUX
7430246 jIWOt

MlAK 6. DESMARAIS. UIDA A. NUL.AND-AMES1
LINDA ZICNITXULA LUONO COINNE S. Ytt
SCOTT 0. LEONG ALAN S. !VI~OT
SCOTT A. MAKUAKANA, DAVID H. KIYAMA
WM. 6.EMSSA D4IERS DAVID W. SHARMAN
PAMEA .WALST BRSUCX t. OOTO
LEIGHTON 1. II. S. 'WIEN IL CLAYTON WELCH-
DAROWYM HATSUKO L114010 MATTHEW V. PIETSCR
CYTIAM N MA MICHAEL L LAM
RICHARD &. MIL MARK L. RICKIRNWALD
Mliit OKUMURA CAM. 0. AYABE
CRAIG S. HARRISON KATHERINE C. AN4DWRON
MARK P. ITO MARGARET L. MASUHAGA*'
WAYNE IL MIJAAOJA VALE 1. ZANE
LYN F'LANIIGAN ANZAI UNDALEE L. FARM
AUDREY t. 1. NO BRYAN C. Yfit
CORIJ CHANG
DONNA A TANOUE
RICHARD k. MIRlxrTAxiI

COUNSEL. ,.
RANDALL W. BOTH
RONALD C. BROW14

Of COUNSEL:
J AMES M. RICHMOND
JON V. RUISSELL
m. AIRD KIDWELL
WALTER L. BUSS
PAGE M. ANDERSON

April 29k 1988

Mr~. Rick Weyerhaetsed
Director
Africa Program
World Wildlife Fund
1250 Twdnty-FoUrth 8tkoeetj NiW.
Washihgtbnj D;C. 20037
Dear Mr; Weyerhaeubdr:

1988.

Thank you vdry much for your letter Of April 22i

I tlag in, X(eyd ihi March to reVi~w tha podching
problems oft the Galana RAnch: I am piddgd to tbpott that
President Roi hag Atthot'izbd thd btabligh%6hnt bf a
training arda on GalaA Ranch fot' qnitg of hid adh~kal
Strvicd Unit (G8t0). Thd presence of such d ttiftitig
facility obh the RahCh of this blitd section bf bib Xehya
Army Vill undoubtedly assist t18 in bohttoIlihj thd
poaching; Gdland R~anchj for its part is pt'epdiihcj the
training area. During my stay on the Ranch I had a
meeting with the commandant of the GSO and its training
officer and we laid out the training facilities
I shall be in X(enya in aunt and July; I am
arranging to see President koi to report to hint the
progress we are making in controlling the poaching.
Whilb I did receive an acknowledgimeht from
Prince Phillipls office concerning my letter to himl I did
hot receive the copy of the letter Prince Phillip tent to
President Moi of Kenya. if it is appropriate I would
appreciate a copy of same.




cca)siLL ANDtRscw QUINN & gnFEL
kick tidyethatietiser
Pa, qd
khii6i Vd hdiie ii lon4 e-t: tlggld, aho-dd the I d at
tv eiVb months havd geen'gredt gtrideg ih mdtstidllihq the
cohdarktdtioh iorcea dediodtad to protecting tho- Airitan
blephaht Ahd thiho.
Sincdtdiy yotrd)
ka'rtih Andersoh
MA:jk




World Wildlfe Funid
Aptil 22,j 1988
Mr. Martin Andttson
P.O. Box 3196
Honolulu, HI 916801
Dear Mr. Anderaonj&
I was Very happy to set Copies of yoUt letter to Prinice
Phillip and his ldttbr to President k~oi of'Kdhyd coticetflihg the
poaching situation on the Galana Ranch.
I recently kttirtihc from kehyd dhidb As I didt duke Ybtd hdVd
heard,' the testlits of the Janulary abtidl surirdys of the Tgavo
ecosystem show dramatic declined in the blephAnt populatio~ni
Galana hag bdaeh hit especiallyr hard.
The new Director of the Wildlife Deparbllbhtj Pdtdi~ biihdb
is in a Very toUgh position, but he is doing hid boat td address
the difficult ptoblemd which you refer toi- Any stippdrt W cat
give him is qreAtly appreciated ahd letter- acknowleddiiq the
recent posiiiVb response of the Konya government Ate osodcially
helpful.,
For Your ihkotmatioi I havJe enclosed a Copy Of my 197
year-end report On WWF activities in Africai. It covers A large.
number of projects so is somewhat auperficidl but i think you
will find it intetestingq. Please let me know if you haVe any
questions Or would like further infokmationi
with best tighe8.
Rick WeydthAbUbbk
Director
Africa Programi
Enclosure
1250 Twcnty-r-burdi StrcctW NWasinitoi, DC 20037 USA 202/293-480W Tclcx: 64505 PANDA
Affilimecd w~ith't-he Conwmaf~ion Fouudation




I .,jk

!4
.7

,.i t ifik itou fflal know that i am pr6g6htlY kagidefit Of
thd Wokld t4dfi.odha tot mdtur6 (Wwr) ifttothatiouli, In
thAt CAPAcity I hAV6 baei"ft follbwihg thd ptobibma of
pocAchihcj in EAS'*t Attic& With contidei&bid AlAkM Ahd
conc6tn.
i thought kdq Would bd pi6abdd to know thtt:A *had
kecdntl ,comiid. td tfik dtten6ion thAt thb OpOthffifin of
Mny& hAs.'kAdctdd btiotigly to
And thiho" on thd oaia n*k ft&hch by siandin' uhitb 'of tha
Army.ihd. 1?olcd,. to thb At#A4 I Am told-hat thi# action.
is- vi6k inuch Approlci.ItA-d by' thfi mAngiti6indtit AM staff of
the.R&tich.. It hat proVed to third that th@ G-oVdtwnent'18
making A- sdtiodt df foit to prbvbht Olt d#&tkUdtibtt
Vd1UAb1#-viidliitj And thid hAt; hAd- A tigtiiftdint: s#tL*ct
on taihihj thdit moral;
e "is
wiQtA0n*.-b6fot'#j th4.'.jpoAch6rg hCA01 bA_61i1_1bffd6UvAiv
dtikreh.- bfk4. They hAgully fmk thAt it th9v At# lat, to
themsdivtdl: thd. poac etb might W611 Ety", to 6:kact
i6tribution tot thd lo.4.44.4 th y hAvd ficutiod,
I would Just like to Ada that wwr 14 &MY' kitady, to
Y f6r WhALE '161p.-it cAn ih- thd tohidtVitioh of KohVild
ich Mtutil fidiitAgda. 7

,: Je

7( 0 heOt6led 61
tondo k4ond.31 V t Q
fOrldo O.,11dIA! DAIS !s

fj




TiHE 3.C. I e. I. Apr-i 1988
KILIFI
SUBJECT: ARMED BANDITS IN KILIFI DISTRICT
As I under-stand it the object of Operation Ndovu in October 987
was to deal a blow to Elephant poaching in the Tsavo Region and
extending up to the Somali border- from- as far south as the
Tanzanian border.
The Operation had very little effect, witness the fact that
Elephant were still being shot on Galana over the Christmas
period.
G.alana Ranch have probably done more than any other Organization,
including many Government Departments, to combat the threat of
armed bandits.
Repeated efforts were made by the Ranch to both the District
Commissioner, Tana River and the Director of Wildlife to have the
bandits dealt with. It was soon evident to us that the DC
resented our pressure and before the Operation there were
indications that it was far easier for the Police and
Administration in Tana -River to point their fingers in our
direction and blame us for their inability to deal adequately
with the problem.
At this stage we could- very easily have dropped the whole thing
and buried our heads in the sand as Kulalu Ranch had done arid
c:otinue to do.
W, did not do so. We had and continue to have a moral obligation
to protect the wildlife on Galana Ranch as well as to inform the
Government of a serious threat to security posed by these
bandits. We went to see Mr M.Y. Hail. A man that We got to know
when he was PC, Coast and a man that we trusted to give us advice
about the dilemma that we were in. Namely that we wanted
something done about the bandit situation but were not being
supported at the local level.
lhouqh we may not have been directly responsible for the
Operate on we were a catylist that got the Operation underway. It
was interesting that we requested anonymity at the time because
we were concerned about reprisals from Tana River for reporting
them as being unable to deal with the bandit situation.
As i t turned out it made no di fference. Gal ana Ranch and
particularly the Manager were made out to be behind the poaching.
The result has been that the Ranch has had several ,absurd
accusations leveled at it which have been accepted by Senior
Government Officers., The results have been disasterous for the
Ranch and have badly affected the ability of the Ranch to operate
e-ffectively for the past six months.
1




It should be noted that there has been no sound basis for the
cIcosure of all but two of the Ranch airstrips nor for the closure
of the Ranch tourist business. This, apart from making it very
difficult to manage the Ranch, has had a very bad effect on the
morale of the staff on the Ranch.
It is astounding that despite the lack of confidence shown in
the Ranch's integrity by the Government that the sta-f of Galana
continue to be so co-operative.
Tt is true to say that without our total co-operation, the GSU,
whilst here would have had no success.
Ualana were responsible for the -first success where one man was
s: ot and wounded. Not only tha:. but our staff recovered the man
and handed him over. Galana staff-were also responsible for the
other man captured by the GSL.. It was our driver and vehicle
that captured the man. This was by unarmed civilians doing
something that very few of the Security Forces that are heavily
armed would do.
,S.,ice working out a satisfactory method of communicating with the
Police In Malindi we have reported every incident involving the
bandits.
II ere was an operati on mounted by the :Same Department and Anti-
Bandit Unit i.n January.- A(.ain witiou : (alana's total involvment
this (perationr would have had no successes. We were able to give
up to the minute information to the Unit which resulted in one
bandit being killed and one arrested. The arrested man was
caught by I-alana Staff and handed over. He was the second man in
three weeks to be handed over. The first had been injured and
was taken by us to the Police in Malindi.
..r..e were two inrci dents at this time that caused us cancer. The
first was that a man was shot arid killed on Galana and the body
was left out for the Vultures. The second was that there Wqs a
first class report on the day that the Operation was duo to
close. This was one of the best reports that we had had in all
the t ime we had had Security Forces on the Ranch. No one was
interested, the Anti-Bandit Unit from Hola Ignored it despite
being given a slaughtered cow for meat as an incentive to stay..
A half. hearted attempt was made by the Same people but the three
bandits escaped when they should have been caught.
Fcr two months since this .ast operat:i on the Bandits have kept a
very low profile. The incredible support given to the Security
Forces had a very demoralizing affect on them and they decided
that Kulalu IRanch was a far safer base.,
2




This picture has to some extent changed in the past few weeks.
The Galena Staff have seen their Senior Management prosecuted as
their reward For- trying to deal with the bandits and no longer
have the resolve to assist us and hence the Government in dealing
with the bandits. 'They have seen Kulalu Ranch become a Ihaven for
the bandits. Tlhey are so open on IKula]lu that they even come to
the1 main shop to make purchases. AI 1 -the junior staff
~ollaborate with the bandits together with some o.f the senior*
cattle staff. Surely these r-eports should be investigated
together wit:.l reports o'f MacKirnnon Road being a base .for" these
l he bandits themselves have started r'eturrning to Galenra. Not
only have they started returrnirng -to Galena b0ut they have come
into cattle boreas something that had-.not done .for two months.
On 5t.H April 5"4 bandits were seen* c-arrying Ivory north. 0One.
wou],d hope that the Police know enoughl- about where Ivory is
collected and the people who transport Ivory to make use of this
in-f:or'mat ion.
D" 7th April Tom Tomlinson was stopped by bandits and given -a
talking t~o about co-.operating with the Government. We have no
security and people like.. the above are very brave to live an
their own arnd to continue to report these incidents.
In the sixv months since we have started reporting incidents to
tLhe FP:olice in Malindi w.e have had no action taken. This, an top,
C.K. all ] the other troul.es caused to['. Galeana, i s very
di]shliea rt en i ng.
Yet again we -feel that we have no support at the local level and
have offered the use of an area on Ga].ana as a training area to
the G,:U. They have been very supportive and probably understand
our problems better that any one. We certainly hope so.




(JALANA GAM= 8t NANCHINO LT04
P.. do 20139 NAthobI, konyd. Telephone: Ndirobi 265/33236JI
Juhe 3rd 1988
Snr. As) J.k A -;o s*k e I
Comw~fnda~nt
0: ox49506,'
NAIROBI.
boear Sir,
We were mo st gtatoftt1 Lb you for the dopotUnity to
discuss various aspects of the, training facility on
Galena.
Poliowihg out distossion, I should like to ftcotd somea
of the O~oihts raised:
1) Gaiana Came & Ranching Ltd. provides vatet ih a
storage tank, which will then be distributed to
thk-eb poihts of the compound; will also p~tovide
I mess bdhdas, store, office block; a tifleB range
iith butts,. built to your sp~ecifications tknd an
2) Galana wiil undertake to supply one V11F radio to
facilitate communication between the Company Comander
athd the Ranch Management.
3) Caldfna undertakes. to report any bandit activity Whatso-
ever to the C.S.tU.j as expeditiously as possible,
4) Cdldfia undertakes to ban all Ranch vehicle traffic.
dfter 10 p.m. at night, or to ihtfom the Company
Commander of any mnovemenits which will take place
after this time, beforehand.
5) The resident Coneral Manager of G818hd Would toquest
thati
(a) Tho Company Commandet at the time; lialses as to
ateas to be used fof live firing
(b) When range filing takes place
(c) Adheres to Ranch regulations or roads used
during the tains
(d) Compiles with Ranch recor-ding systems of
vehicles going to and from the Ranch at the
Causeway.
/2
blricW4r: M. AWJDEhSON, thilrmin (US). M.G. O'h"JowN J.o. 'o~~s, n. MAtANo, A.t. ATH0aTON4 [USj, A.bAd. bytA,. A. C~~t H.H HEATH.




dALANA GAMW RANCHIING Ltb.
6) It fs further U11deostood that thb~ G.S.tJa ttbfle
selt-tqhtained, with thtir own ptovisiotts,
ihcluidifig tentage fuel and vO-hitit apdre8.
Galatna agrees that G.S.UI. mechdhits ma~y use~
the Galahd~ workshop facilities. Htowe~'et-
Galania would like to emphasist that it cannot
provide personnel to work on any GiS.UJ. vehicle.
7) The G.S.UJ. is requested to provide d t~roidktt
fotce to protect buildings when thb tihihg
tamp is unoccupied.'
8) The GIISAtJdiidettakes to dig theit dWht 1Attines
and refuse pits.
Fih~liy, it is completely understood by Gd~dhdk Galme
& kdnchihig Ltd. that these training fatifiti~as ar
provided through an understanding of goodwill,
and that the G. S.U. is not in any way expected tb
protect Gdlana s livestock.
We sincerely look forward to many years of mutual
co-operatibth.
-Yours faithfully,
JIG. POW~YS.
opy tb:
Galahd Came & Ranching Ltd.;
P.O. Box 76; MALINDt.
bireciori: M, A b~thSON, C61r man IJSI M.G. PR tTTEJO M,. J.G I'OWYS, A4. MATANO. A.. Atl4tIf ON (USJ.. bd utA~. A.t tIGt .f. AWT.




17th't tarr-h 1909

A REPORT ON THE RECENT BANDIT INCURSION INTO GALANA RANCH.
[i, the' 26th Februnary o-F pr'epl1e of Assa, an Orma vill1age'to the
VlIr th of ta ~n reported 20' Baridi ts. This report was giveni to
the Goiver nment officers in fGarsen and.I happened to hear this
report in Garsen. ae the same clay I was in Assai and this5
r-port: t-as r-tn-firmed.
flit fy tt-_jjr-n 1-o rjAj arise I wirk- ?i. l et-ter I-o -the (It. j Company Q+-
I-hm; 6SI hased on 1a and gave det-ails o f the above repo-t andm
a d ttt I hs pI'l I. toold pishe fol low the ri vn into. the?
Nj i .1Prt or- crimp ivtri spal mia .L: t-..onufodo. I drew on the mipp
thR ru-ob,-Ahe rtlutq thit these people would take if they ca_=me ontu
flrl thef 7rd Ma-r-h it was r-fprt~d to tie 613 t that 4 Bandi ts had
ter S -en of) thp G~alena River. These had crossed over- froal
14, 11I11l p artlA and were beadi ng Nor th.-
,ont Ihe 6t:h 10: R*11ui ts rcame into a cattle e hoina near Konof odo,
e ", 1 atl Y where I had pi-.,djc-rt they wn]d came to if they c~ame in
f r- r mAsa, this was only half the numtaber of people reported in
f~;i r~Ii w~ 1i"]ly j-ho.t I-h the pd n inrto t1:1 Par-1.
Ii h,~ 17,; md ft S 1-.1u'll Mi- l tern, csigm rj Anr --Alt from uir people
;kii it1: was reported to the GSFU.
Thm nrI Iowi nig d-Ay thpre was 15 aii m,.0- s shooti nu heard near the
&sa Wter htol e at 1.0o pmi. ,*hiis was immediately reported to the
secti onl based at Pires darl, and ii: is likely that in fart, heard
thle shc inT-g. It was reported -to the USIJ base ramp later in the
ISAtrjj. ts call(- into a rcattl e hum;A in the iar-;eA twice on -that d,-4y,
they were in at 12T~)and again at 9.00 Pal. They tool, 9 mna i -e
fflpal pnd 6 1-g silgir. Illi- wa-, rq-?orted to_ the 6631J.
ot)i tilt Ri:h1 Marc-h the Company Commander spent the day in the Jr
aea -kityi vig to I nc_-ae Uhe rPanits. here were rn bandit reports.
W= m~et: wi th the DC Hole. and tol d flit; rf the Dandit moivpments onito
lie anc, w a.1so avehi m t-he nome o4 one ou he Dandisw
useci to tie anemi ye nd i ved near Ho], A.
('ii he9t w wresumoer t te PCs oaice, Kilifi to d i SUsS
se1- .1 r i t y "Ia tt t? r- e J)C wa iitna;kwa re u the recent Bandi L
i lnrursi, Qt-t initf. the r-all.1h ?ntloo yre-At excepti on at heing toldr
thAl,. I su-,pprter, -nm'e El ppfl, ;W 11;1( ben shot Oil theF Ran1-ch t.w.I
Onv= h-infril. V WP w73, V, ;-If en (.f heingi .unoop-r ative arid, hblami I
f cr :7si 1 i rig th~p I-Irj1 ~ tpr thp same day I FlewI the DU)(
Hali ui ad ~H) at uli o (al.annairi a Iwas leaving Mi. I i
I he- p a repo-rt ur q ho~ heard ait 1-7nuifodo, this was given
In te IPIIwitin sometis. Lneif ritr -_rnior staff coll ectd some




j f I w our gr-okp to the GS(J camp where we met the Company
Comfoarider-. We wer e itifor ited th-At he had spent the previous day
looking for the Patiits in the Jara ;Rr-A-. Whi le we were tal king
P1?r: a I e~ t 11e In whri had co:lilecter( Ulf- 3SIJ men reported very
4:restI tr-artfs at, the Mir ijil a d-mn anid that there were vutltureq in
the distallre but thp h solrifers would niot go to look where the
vul tiur e-- were. Wip fT ev) ip to the area i immediately and after same
sear chiii f r.uid the car cnsses of IQ El ephants that had been
1 i I1cr I ei1.u 'cays flr-evi ous1 y. We al so found the carcase of a
qir -fIcth;il had beeti kill ed about the same time.
We l eft the Company Commander at the Vkonoufodo airstrip wjith
t'Uar sa I awid one- PF hi s vplh c3es aiii- took of f f or Milli ndi .
Mi~ r I Parid the OC ret urri t o th e ii rt i i J1 a dam and =aks they
-'tpr 7iachfpdI d1 i th'amLey s--w two peop e 1 he Or, asked Marsal e i f
1-hey tjere I ier ders a-nd was told nio, thr-y were Bandits. The IBSIJ
fiett pnI(!; I- I o! lec ti-imsel yes And wai tr-i -For thme Banidi ts who wPereP.
,~r~sar'rif- thieir- prt-erp t,.nti 1 the P~andit s approached tri wi t-hin'
21) V; rIs 0!; he 0911 opetied -fire atid thie 13-iidi ts managed to escape
wi th thei loss of one paFir Of sos
V11ei I Rl11tas 1bout +fif .eeni mi nutes from Malinmdi I was informmed of
thIie coi itac t atid asked if T would retiyrn and assist with, air
ipp l Ifi t 7sI- P dsr inyt-: twr inp;7ni on-s thf- OCPD and DO and thIie-.y
ink-r iued me to proceed to a idi
Oil 1- he 1i th ther-e wer e noL. r Ppor tr -
(It I..r tit- i ti I flew th- OC for two hours looking -for, Fl ephants so
that thpy wn 10 loiw whr-ue to con'w:ritr ate thei r anti Bandit
arI t '1 ies. We j f oca L d two herds, or)e rf- 20 near Jar-A anid
--ln loI ei, o-f 60 n-;ir- V. it -t- Soithr-n etud of the Ranch. I was
st~p it n of 9 1andi t arti vity at Annaniufto. and landed there to ask
thle Peopll- Ihmer wpre ito repo~rts.
clri af Ler we took~ o:ff Marsal e reported the tracks of 4 peopl e
hf rli nqt tow;Ards Avinayi'lt-ri 17nd very soon after- I returned -Lon th ie
Ppi ir I-~n~jnre i there wris a report o-f the Pandits -At Anriantoc
I A1 ft i;-rIi a t C3 y took off and collec ted the OC -Fr om hij.s r-a mp -:IndI(
pr-oceededi to Ainaiwuto.. The Flandits had cuole into a herd nof
r,;i- t t wh i I e they were be ing grazed and Liken the herder wi th'
Ihem.. Aitf-A.her- her-der- aniticipating that they would go to Ole dam
T Or' water informed the q9~IJ ser-tioni and they immediately left for
t-.e damn. leaving two of themi tr proitet the camp which was within
a I i i-Mr-.dr meltei-s of Uthef- Prina, 'The BianditLs came into the boinD
arid to"I. Lea and sarandi abducte two mpii frocm the boma. Thi s
!ippi I I ha t HtInmy lad uhre of or men- -These Bandits were almost
rr i ;Ai ri I 1.11P sOMP gr (mu11 L hAt1 had been Shot at two days-
ee spI t t wo a-ni d a Ial ho- 4-1 u ir s y] i Y ig oivePr- thfie area ;-- tr-y inig toc
t1 Ij:~- Ph 9 rWJ I-- t 1bt vii th no: I.uc.-. Three hours Ilat er our-
perip1 F, wpe -p el eac--pc Pjif Hv-,--ri .bprd Ihw they Were made to hi de
whentheairrt t-,A- looking for vhem.




IIi the sam'e day, the 11:1i J.0 Ban~dits came into some bomis near
KIf I-tig ni and tnuof Tond, they were in the Boma at 6.010 pin and it
was ifh.-deiiately repoi-ted Lo the. C'SU.
(1I 1IR Ic 12th1 a 7ebi-A was shont: near Kapeigiani by the samne J 0D
Paluj Ls hi s was Ifound at: mid molinrg and was reported to the
'THIR- 10i fariptit C_ wr hViitI.S1 th SAIPP sueOfif?5 that. h1117 been_ s eF A
t, Omy-,u Ii~- iii Far-t tlie sarri mpi-i w-7s Adiptii i in the grCILP.-
Wea r eie th~at they were the sarme group that had killed thL-
Flephil- anid t ha t they were a seperate group from the one a t
Airinaniif the previnous d ay.' We t ri ed to anti ci pate thei r
rmovernents arid war-tleo the UC to watch the river at Ki1siki or look
for fIPhe1 at Tlnk F near where Fthe 6~0 El ephant had been seen a few
days previously and had beeni seen every day since.
(11.1 J-te 17-411"It J0 it il to wa r-ror tpd tliaL the Blandi ts had comFe
j If f1 A I.Vi_1m ne~r- 'Tarit! F, Oinmo, t-he man in char-ge of the area
wr-I-t allu v-o IerJc i0 (31:3,11 oyipui T-r-nt s ne .arhy cArip and rettiriled r-n
ttie homp. As t-hey Prr-i vefd j i' I,, ima -,hoot ing st art ed nearly
art d LhPy j aimed i a 1.el y nI ft L ai ivestijqate, Jomo called the ba5-e
rapand the r(C Ief I- wi th rei n F01- cemIel-ts.
NVIt 1, ongj a-fter- 4 ur 9 ghots were heardr and some tif e 3 ater 1- 11e
1SIJ m len ar -r 'ij luey Th-V 1AO mltle (:Onutaft-i Pi h the DanditS and one1-
(OPI hArt bef-ii I-AlIld avid nnottipr- WOLndedi- ie rf-mai vider had
col lerted the firearm from the dead comrade ahd had run back tu
f-he4T901 oa A rRnt~h akir-Cr-aft was; in the area at the time and was
f Iyingtr over the ElephinLs just -After they had b I.en 1k11 led, lie
I: o.in t ed 11 deadS or- wounded hie did it see either the GSUJ or thIie
Prlidi ts.
-Uya aria Staff assisted 1:ie 6911 in lorokinrq for their- -Fal len man U or
flf- r-'-.t Of tht? day 1AI-I1 i. i aFter- d,:rk arid wpre unable to find the
ri e id britrly. The UC left niin in the area to guard the P-1ephanlt
Or ~ I th 4thl'la M' I- pppe fr-ol l-Ale WAi dliff Dp-artmenit ar-rivedC on1
to~ ~'a tr- al. 17310_ the tuisks Tv-om th;:7 dea7d Elephant arid the
13FhIfi? sat- ni:temr Tor Paadi t- operveu iv -e or-i them with art alti -
~'~ ~ne1gr ntae.Fr Tv~i; ,el y ithe;y mi:s:d
I Ii's m mrij rug I I-h '- III F 10 R at IrI i v P-t at- ne r -d to F K IP e IqA n i to U) hI
saehmsthey 11adr hPF-1% inito two days earlier anid stole all ur-
c-)up es pss Rssi tn IS -,yi 1%q that 1.1hey had I ost everything tij o Uihe
f iIJ *T I I I-RI I mIT)enI whu 7,huijal d have heen) there iti amFtb u ShIII wr =
';11 v r 1.11t 2 1 or; awa vio t-e a)s a a y ran s Ih1-us1, Lti u-
rpl"It t-Ay tci the house to r-epowt but itwa too late.
t~~wI i Ie C e III sI Wl .t I Pi nq gLT- I Corai 1 (-ihefi b ud y ai d LtIi is was
1jr-OlFu~iIui-II aeatririi




F I ~~Ohvi+O s tho't ther-e FJAI,di. 7- wi -re citi the move and wouLA d
PJi'rY~w~f'0 1111~1ear' in -tile No~rth. 1he IEMU were in-Formed andl told to
1.1 1 Ilis 16.11 1; 1T-: t Ithip'V ag'in Pppeared at Annanuto and took
rations~ ;,ud u~ne of our mir. The GSU who were only 3700 yards away
1-rsp aj ertpd i umd teyarid tUere was n: contact and an exchange
r11 fijrl?. 011 r- maii vilo escaped said that one Bandit was wounded in
I1 l10t'I ip hlt 'L if'fr was tf .1 cri- f rmpti or.
T'Ir,-_ P;Arir ij t~ swi J1 pr obabiy leave and Fer: ither to the *T.rA-n
Pivr vij t I:Citjar dS_ lStSa. 1: is almost rc-,tain that the group split
,- t F ,Aind It is very Jikely that the otfl-er group Ar-e in the.
t~Jt Itiv~ IPir wier ~he eare noi 1,)Rpl e to give i n-F ormAfir.3n.
Tlt rr~vr~ '~i r'to hi i tht headmi nj str .Lion h) amp G Ilan i
-4 f ant m emerit -For- tIivp Banclit-. iticursi on 'into the R,-Anch and
I lint #1ri I i_,v heeri trJ rI th t I-A) 1. citvtir a4 f rom Tan';. Ri. v e r an
1Ii rl M~istri~ts haVip t0 I ilmllf-di,1-el y.
Dit a- v-ery unplpasa~nl: inciclenii: onl t~he 17th March Goverinment.
1 r 't v- 'it tis matter w.aks dlelinstrated when all usa-f-f at a
fil? F 1 iIg (:al R-1edk b y he P_ D and UCfPD M-.i n r i lwer e r oun ded Lip and pu L
iito a l or ry fo Hulb]a v~i i:t cnut: any warn i n
01 (:;: Rj Pi Ina til SUA+ sI:a f 1;O ni anal fave gonle beyond the normal -Al I
of f It t v. it) asFiS I t I Ij n the (491ian ther.- rewArd I ia s been LI ie
rfi-st-ri~ctiori of Galaiia RanchI A-s a viable project.




U ~GALAN~A GAME &RANC1I-NG LTM.
P.O. bOX 76
MALINDI
3rd Apr-il 1989
The Han Johri ke
Assistant MthistL-r
The O0f itv o the President
Dear Sir,
As Yout a -e AtWre G~al~na Ranch has bebn given 6 Mbhthg hOULL:$ to
quit etftctive from 13th March 1989..
Attached please +ind a short description of thL3 kanth aind what it
stands for.
I1 4eel that Our Pre-sent problems stem +ram thL* 1Elphah-t poiachihg
and a MisUhditratandiho~ at thin higher levels a+ Goverhment
regardih 0416lnag positio" bhn this very rtall thi-PA tbh both thle
Elephant Pppilton aii-d Mdi-6 I.mpot-tahi tb the setUrity of t he
area.
I Wodld like tb try and clgrjty this +or yod.
In October t186 We Wrote to the DC Tana River About Armed 8ahdits
Within G~alana Ranch. Prior tb this We had givben hUmerboks verbal
reports to Government ti-:fic-rs. With htd rbs(Alts.
In January 1967 We had several Mttitih~s With the DC HoJ~6 and the
Director of Wiidife Conser-vation About 0otkhi-g.
On 24th P~ebrUaf-y 1987 the Perhoheut gete-ttary 1H the Ministry bt
Livestock Dev-lopment Wrote to the 01 ite 6*t the 1:resideht about
our concern;
At our instigation a security meeting was hL-ld ih ts~vb West
National Park on the i1th April 1967 betWeeh ourselvesi the Dc
Tana k~ivtr Ahid thL- DIIrLttol-- o+ Wilditf. I Was eL:'f:uded +I-oim the
meeting by the I)C tin the grboudd that I WA&L hot Party tb the
Of+ itial Secrbets Act.
The anti-balldit bqerAtion that resulted from this Meetihg Was a
disaster and re atfirMbd our opinion that the SecUrity forces
from Tana Riveir We.re not cA$pablb of dealing with the titUgtibn.
This did not tildear Uis to the DC Haula.
In July and August 1987 the poachingj tito~tibuh bLec~ii2 but at hand
with 75 Elephants kitled. We Wert getting no stippbf-t dt the
local level td combat the bandits.
Oin the 601 Septtmbt- -19137 We met with Hr H Y Hd4jij the Rift
Valle-y PC. We wen-t td Mr H-aii because we- knew him frbM HombAsA
and trusted him to get OUr Concern aboUt the bandit situation to
the r-ight person.
soon after this a l~rge scale operation Was Mnouh-tod An-d t3glat-a
personnel myself in particularj Wert t'argetL-d by the Security'
Directors: MJ. ANDERSON, Chairman JUS), MJ.G. P~RETTEJOHN .G. P~olkS, h. MATANo, As. ATHEIRTON (UJS), A.0.G. DYEAI. A. CH~t A.. H4EATH.




Forces as being behind the poaching. i gave tthe OCIO Malindi
detailed repots that I had written about the poachitg but this
did nothing toi diuade them from bolivifig that I wasresponible
for the poaching.
AI GU latoon* and later a Company,Was based an the Rahch for~ _
three months fllwing the bp~ratibn and We got on Vay Well With
them. Wi th co-"operation f rom but- staf+: thy Mahdgbqd to have _:I.I.
several contacts with bandits and our staff handed bver a bandit
that had been Wobunded In one a+ these cntacts. A this time ourt
staff wer-e inrstrulmental in capturing another bandit.
At th~isiime Wi made ctontact with thb GSLJ and sulggsted that they
use Galdna as a training area. The Commandant visite the Ranch
and wias vet-y entusiastic about the idea.
We learrt at the tim~e that the local adminitat'Ibn Was Unhappy
about the Idea and that the( DC Kili+1i was very Agdihs t the GSUU _
having a camp nn Galatia.
In 1988~ we captured 2 bandits and handed them over tot the
Securi ty for-ces. The Security Forcs Also kti~d tw~d Bandits,
bothi as a directt result of inbrmatiah givegn ttt them by Ranch :
staff.S
All throgh tis Perid ire Were mat-ling daily 1-tpol-tA. tdl the',arD II.. t)-
Malindi on any bandit mvemets. It Is Interestind tt hott that ::: :
no actin was over takenr by the Distrct SetUt-ity tbmi ttbO or:: ~r
the Maiindi Policb to the more than 100 reports Olvah tJ them.-
Wre built, at dllr expenlse, A cap for+ the USU'hd tfity at-rived In :j
June 1988. We immediately gave them diie of oudt- )Adios a d that ri:~.-
they could gai Up to the Minuc-te rbpbrts of airy bandit ativiy
In September I began to record ali repo-ts given to the OSU and:! ~ "-'
there were 75 reprts In a six Month period. thbe7i6
were In the fist 3 months. : : : _,:,, ; :;
For two mnths at th beginning of 1:981 itt w~V~as vey qlliet Until
an Incursion of badits in March 0189.
it took: me a go-tt deal of time to parsua~de our pl -adbmihantly ; :1:-
musl1im cr~ttia' staff to give +Ulll support to the Si5 tcurlty rorcb .
They have ben fantatic in eeprTtiti all babndi~t i nbvtM~eht iWithin :ij:-:.-
the area ahd thre has ben n Governmet sbtuess iE_ O- : the Ranch :: .j
against the bandits that: has not been the d direct -res~slt :p .-pi::--i:-;:
Information br hep roal the sa++
We liad evlvprl the bst inforttion netwrk on banhdit movMont ~inii
the r-egion and psibly in the whole cob~tlhry ad i one stroker:~,:
ilia DC Kiiii+J has dL-stroye d this by +rtaTClly rbdtriatihg the ':
very peple Who were so hL-Ipfull o the GSU.
You.rs +taith(_11lY
Bri:an Heath.




GALANA RANCH BANDIT REPORTS FOR MAY 1989

On the 29th April 3 bandits came into cattle bomas situated on
Balana's Northern Boundary at Didima -Bule.
On the 3rd May the same bandits visited the same bomas and took
16 packets of maize meal and 15 kg of sugar. Two of the three
were positively identified as Mahad Abdi Hassah ad Abdi' Alie
Kuno. Hassan was carrying an AK47 This was eported to the GSU
based on Galana and they responded by sending a patrol that spent
the night in the area.
On the 4th I reported the above incident to tht OCPD Malindi and
while I was in the Police Station I met the Mandgbr of KUlalu
Ranch who informed me that two days previously he had been held
up at gun point and was robbed of sh 22,000. These bandits had
been on KulalU for some time and I had on two pribr occasions
informed a Police Inspector based on KulalU Ranch that there were
bandits based on the Ranch and that Ranch peksbhel Wtrt hiding
them. These reports were nbt taken seriously:
On the same day, the 4th, two Orma employees from Galana were
refused permission to go to Malindi and decided to Walk across
the river to Chakama. They were mistaken for Somali bandits by
the Giriama tribesmen at Chakahola and one was eAptUred add the
other knifed but escaped. The Giriama had been Vaided by bandits
the night before and were understandably upset.
On the 6th May I delivered details, including photographs, of
Mahad Abdi Hassan and another suspected bandit catilod Mohamed
Abdulla to the DCIO Malindi.
On the 9th May the same bandits came into the same tattle bomas
at Didima Bule. The GSU sent a patrol tb the Area and they spent
the night in a nearby boma. The following day I happened to be
in the area and We followed the BSU patrol along the Northern
boundary and found Where they had killed and esteM an Oryx. The
patrol then proceeded back to their base at Kore.
On the 9th I also happened to be in Garsen and was surprised to
see a well known bandit, Ibrahim Solo Ore. I knew that he had
given himself up some months previously and had heard that he was
out on bail pending a court case but it was still a surprise to
see him.
Galo Ore had been a bandit fbr several years and beoforb giving
himself up had taken to armed robbery. He was known to have
stolen sh 40,000 from the Galana Administrator4 David Taylor,
late last year. He was also suspected to have been involved in
several other armed robberies including one that Vesulted in the
killing of a Giriama near Baricho and the theft of sh900,000
from the Garsen bridge being built at Garsen.




The mainly reason for giving himself up Was that he suffers from TB
and he wanted treatment. He also has a-brother In the CID and I
don't know how much pressure had been put on him from that angle.
Seeing B ola in Garsen and having just seen yet another example of
GSIJ committment to deal With the bandit problem made me decide to
speak to someone about using him in a clandestine operation.
The evening after I left Garsen one o my staff spoke to Solo at
length. It came to my attention later that Solo was Upset at the
treatment he had had from the Police and that he was considering
returning to the bush. It also came to my attention later *that
at least one a+ the group that he had operated With in the past
was going to meet with Solo in Garsen on the lOth. One of these
people, Kunyo Nuri,. used to be-an employee of Galand's and his
details had been given to the Police last year. Kunyo and his
group p had just raided and stolen money from a prominent Tana
River resident Mr Yuhda Kamora about two days before.
I had no inkling of it at the time but Solo almost certainly went
off with Kunyo on or about the 10th. What is certain is that he
did not appear in Malindi when his court cast was due on the 15th
May.
Several things come to mind in the Solo-Ore case. Solo was a
minre of information on bandit movements and connections and if he
had been given the right treatment would have been very happy to
collIaborate. As 'far* as I know he did not divulge much
information or he would have been charged With more than being in
possession 0+ a firearm. If the Police wanted to press for a
conviction why was he allowed out on ball? 'It was widely known
that he was a bapdit and in fact the OCPD Voi was amazed when he
head that Bola was out on bail. He Was wanted by the Voi Police
in connection with some murders in the Voi area. Rumour has it
that he paid thme prosecutor- sh 2,000 not to oppose his
application +or bail.
By the time I spoke to the Director of Wildlife Conservation on
thme 1lth May about Solo it was probably too late.
'There Is another bandit who is supposed to have been captured in
Mombasa. I only know o him as.Jire, his father's name may be
Hobale, I am not sure. My people fell me that he may also be out
on ball but that is rumour. If Jiro has indeed been captured he
has been operating for many years in the Galana Tsavo East area
and would be an even better source of information than Golo.
There would be very little that he did not know about the people
involved in the Ivory trade. Again my staff tall me that the
Government can not get suffcient evidence against him +or a
prosecution.




There appears to be very little exchange of information between
the Police Divisions and I am certain that a great deal of useful
information is lost because there is no co-ordination on bandit
information. I would almost guarantee that information I give to
the Police in Malindi is not distributed to other interested
Police Divisions in the Province. I know for a fact that
information given to the GSU based on Galana does not always get
to the Police in Malindi.
Having digressed somewhat I will now return to bandit reports for
the rest of the month.
On the 10th at 4 pm 3 gun shots were heard near Dakadima. hill,
this was reported to the GSU.
Also on the loth at 6 pm 8 bandits came to our assistant cattle
manager's house at Kapengani at about 6 pm. A GSU patrol was at
the crush about 400 meters away, apparently feeding on an Oryx
that they had killed. Part of the patrol Walked over to the
house and just before they reached here they Wert informed 'that
there were bandits by the staff quarters. The GSU opened fire in
the general direction and say that 2 shots were fired back at
them but there were no casualties.
On the 15th May at 10 am 3 bandits came to one of our pumping
stations at a place called Alango Shira. 2 were armed and the
third had an axe. They took 6 pkts maize meal, 5kg Sugar, 1 x
250gms tea and 2 mosquito nets. It was immediately reported to
the GSU. The 837910 sent a patrol to the area but called off the
patrol when it began to drizzle.
We had suspected on the 6th that the bandits who had been
operating on Kulalu Ranch Would be moving off and Would pass
through the kapengani, Alango Shira area of the Ranch and we had
asked for intensified patrols within this area. It is almost
certain that this was the same group moving North.
On the 16th I was back in Garsen and informed the DO and Police
and Special Branch officers that this group appeared to be moving
North and to watch out in the Tarasaa, Kibusu area.
On the 16th one man was seen running across the road by one of
our senior staff. It was immediately reported to the GSU who
sent out a patrol. The patrol drove around the area for a while
and then left.
Also on the 16th 12 bandits came into the bomas at Didima Bule, 5
of the 12 were armed. At least 2 of these bandits were the same
people who had been in earlier in the month. It was reported and
no action was taken that day.
On the 10th 4 gun shots were heard West of the GSU camp. It was
reported.




On the 20th a young Giriama reported seeing two suspected bandits
on the river near Diviyu. He also reported bandits killing one
of the goats that he Was herding two days previously. This
report was taken by David Taylor to the BSU camp and a sweep of
the river was arranged for the following day.
On the 21st the GSU on our side of the river and the Police on
the other side of the river swept the banks. They Were assisted
by the army helicopters from Voi. I saw two Elephant carcasses
about 10 miles from Voi, they were about 7 10 days old.
On the 22nd 5 bandits, 1 who was armed came into an Orma boma
near our Northern boundary. It was reported to the GSU and I
made a point of saying that these people could easily come into
our bomas at Didima Bule and that it would be worth their hile
ambushing our bomas. This same group of bandits had already been
into our bomas at Didima Bule at least 4 times this month.
Unfortunately a GSU lorry turned over on our tauseway at about
the same time as the report and the patrol was diverted to the
lorry instead of going to Didima Bule. By the time the patrol
arrived at the causeway Galana staff had righted the lorby and
had towed it out of the river.
That same night one of our staff ran to our assistant cattle
manager based in the area to say that although the bandits had
not actually come into the boma six of them had been seen very
near the boma and that one shot had been fired at a animal for
meat. It was reported to the GSU at about 8.30 pm and again I
stressed that if the bandits had killed an animal that they would
spend the night there and would move off first thing the
following morning. It was worth, in my bppinion, having the
helicopters on standby and the troops there at fihst light. The
troops arrived at 9.00 am the following morning and after a
cursory look around they left two sections to be based in the
area.
4