Ian Parker Collection of East African Wildlife Conservation: The Ivory Trade

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Material Information

Title:
Ian Parker Collection of East African Wildlife Conservation: The Ivory Trade
Physical Description:
Unknown
Creator:
Parker, Ian.S.C.
Publication Date:

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID:
AA00020117:00021

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SEASONAL
DERA WATERHOLE
KOROMI WATERHOLE
SCHEME BOUNDARY


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SCALE: I INCHI6 MILES
-.- SCHEME BOUNDARY

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COMMIPHORA-
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UF Smathers Libraries Special Collections


Separation Sheet


Type of item(s): photo, document, & )v, newspaper, monograph, serial, realia, other.


Description of item(s):


!~K~W1~Nf d~44~4~j


4Lf4i PffKcr


Item originally filed: ? y 6-WL (2#.
Collection and/or Series:
Box: 17
Folder: 6 L-J, 4M6 AAIJP Sr4T 45

Item now filed in: W < Lle 4
Collection and/or Series: ,
Box: O( Y-9
Folder: 44 4
OR
Temporarily removed for (exhibit, loan, copying, conservation, etc.):


Date of removal: \
Removed by:


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Ga me Office
Kilifi
20/2/59.

RE TRANSFER



Dear Sir
Tbeg to forward my complaints regarding the abeve subject
Ihave been working in this Department for along tim
with different people, anddefferent please,
and ihope that iwos doing well where ever Iwent.
But lam very sorry to tell you that it seems to me that
lam not in goodterms with these staff here at Kilifi
since Iwos sent down here which icanot explain the really
reason.
lolweys quarrel with themstaff, Dne day our Copiol
told me to let't:him drive the vehicle with non license
and when refused then he had toquarrel. Therefor
IwouLbe glad if you could transfer me to Nairobi
Aruwa66 if not (Discharge)

Your Obedient Servant


Omar bin Alii





NIGHT CLAIM ALLOWANCE.

July From Kilfi to Voi 51days out 1958.
August t toTaita 16 out 1958
,"Kilfi to Voi 18 out 1958
January Kilifi to Mwahera 16 days 1959.
%is-1is it is the Folowing days which iwos out Sir
Form Kilifi to safari

Driver Omar Bin Alii









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Telegrams: "DISTRmCrER" OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COMM SIONER
Telephone No. 3 KILIFI
Telephone No. 3 ^^ / P 20th. FEBRUARY: 9 58
In reply please quote KENYA, ................. ........ 58*
GA: 22/1/1/10 U*-
Ref. No. .............
and date



The Game Warden, 1
Game Departmtnet,
KILIFI.


WALIANGULU GAME MANAGEENT SCHEME.

I have read this paper with interest. It would be a help
if the proposed are could be shown superimposed on a map shewing
the district boundaries.

I agree that something must be done to control and stabilise
the Waliangulu. The Scheme proposed is novel and assuming it can be
made a viable proposition I can see that a number of teething
troubles will arise. Subject to my comments below however I favour
the scheme being given a trial.

General.

(a) No doubt you will be getting the comments of the Provincial
Commissioner, the Provincial Agricultural Officer and the
Grazing Control Officer, Kilifi;

(b) The main general difficulty I see is to get a nomadic, shy
tribe to accept the discipline and "settlement" proposed.
In my experience these sort of people are often like gypsies,
resentful of authority however beneficent. How would you
prevent "settlers" from "going walk about !!! ?;

(c) You envisage a strict hierarchy in each settlement and it is
essential to the scheme. Granted that the Wasanya are
chameleons where tribal customs are concerned adopting those
of their neighbours, can you tie your hierarchy to any tribal
....structure ?. There is nothing of this in the Mijikenda groups
now.
It will make it much easier if your hierarchical
system is not totally alien and imposed.

PARTICULABj.

(a) Status of Land,
I do not think that all land to the north of the Galana
river is Crown Land" although most is and possibly all the
land you want is. For your purposes I hope it is for it
would be hard to get Native Land Unit for the purpose of a
game reserve;

(b) Administration of a Settleqent.

Page 11. The headman should be responsible to the Officer-in -
Charge of the Scheme who in turn is responsible to the
Committee. The Committee should be policy-making only and will
meet but occasionally. It cannot cope with routine detail.

(a) Finance:
I am afraid I cannot agree with your estimates.

(i) Including passage, pension contributions and the like
your two officers will cost you a good deal more than
1200 per annum;
2-







Telegrams: "DISTRICTER" / OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COMMISSIONER
Telephone No. 3 KILIFI
In'reply please quote KENYA, .. .20th. .Eeb.eary,,....... 1 9.58..
GA: 22/1/l/1.
Ref. No ..............
and date

2-


(ii) Housing ?

(iii) Lorries. A 3 ton Fordson cheap and nasty through
the Supplies and Transport Department cost 817 with
wooden body in 1957. No doubt it is more now. But do
you need three?.

(iv) Land Rovers.

The Supplies and Transport Department price up toqX
3Oth.June, 1958 for the 88" petrol model ( the cheapest)
is 690 Mombasa;

(v) Running costs ?. These will be heavy over the terrain
in question;

(vi) Incidentals, statonery, tentage, stores etc.

(vii) I think your item for drivers clerks and labour to
e an underestimate but this could be proved by a
break down of the figures;

(viii) You will need a few Game Scouts or similar as a
nuolefus for control.
ka




DISTRICT COMMIS IONER,
KIIJI. !

(Copy to:- le l-
The Chief Game Warden,
(Game Dept,
Nairobi.

The Provincial Commissioner,
Coast Province,
Mombasa.


DWH/MP.










15th Maroh, 58
GA. 22/1/1/%28





Chief Game Warden, /
Game Department,
P.O. Box 241,
NAIROBI


WALIAMGULU

Ref. your GA.3/2/3/8 of the 16th Maroh.1958


I have not seen Mr. Parker for some time and he has
gone off with what I understood was mry copy of the paper on the
gam management scheme, although 1 have since heard that there is
not one for me at present.

2. My information is that the food shortage in the area
oonoerned is nothing exceptional, and the food situation in the
distr'iot as a whole is good.

3. I have no funds to pay Waliangulu to collect Mboes
and sell them to the Veterinary Department, nor an officer to
supervise such an operation.

4. If Mr. Parker thinks this is a working proposition X
suggest that he gets a buyer into the area and let the law of supply
and demand take its natural course.



D. W. HALL
DISTRICT COMISSIONER,

Copy to t- inGamne Warden,
P.0. Box 34,
KIl.TF


NWH/PJH.




a-* V. *^ -* 1K " _- _. _






IAD.1/20/1I *t March 4M


The Seeretary, inisetry of "
Forest ievelaopment, Game


I iaJfflMmg:tep IIf1






I have read the memoranuam, propping e
Geme M'snagemet Schem in the Kilifl and Tana Rlive
distriaotes, Lwith the grLatest interest. My first
reacticas a" that a siheMae C this nature is well
worth a trial beeaun, if it lU successful it will
go a long way to presw ome of the Colony= s moet
valuable assets and because it doe make a constructive
attempt to sclve the problem of the ;aliangulu knmtenr
On the other bhnd It tis bound to cost a Certain moatM
of sn=y id th.Ls fast must be accepted and appreciated.
2* At this stage I have the following ccmr-entstt-
(a) The exa-uple, liitch Ur. Parkzer gives, of
succOseful game mangement scims in other
parts of the T.orld ame most interesting, am
is lim estimate on pege 5 of the mmaoraudum
that 150 elephant might be shot in the area
each year and Still pzvvide for n increase.
I find tlW estimated of the way in wThich game
will increase, If properly managed, difficult
to believe, but the Garme ardns ard .,ardens
tof the National Parks accept the figures as
reasonable.
(b) The memorandum sugMets that about 500
kaliangzulu n= are accustomed to support
thasolVelS and their framilies by hunting. If
this estimate Is correct, the problem should
net be too difficult to tackle. 3 asara that
the .alingulu in the Tans .-iver district
have been Included in this estimate*
(s) 1W far the most difficult problem to be
tackled Is how to got thee rather wilj
ncuadie people to accept dieoipline ant life
in a settlement.
(d) It will probably be neceusay to declare the
area eventually selected a closed ar*ea t M&
to provide that, apart fr bone fioe trsvleers e ,
using the main read or Otoak route, no peais
should be allowed ia the ar exept n peuit
with strict ocndiitlontj raidence, Zt win
be neOOajy to provide smfl i one sgiasft
pe aones fouA In the a ill U legl
(0) 1 am unable to &d&L at t&ies stage uatber










-a-


there should be as many as five settlements.
I tUink it will probably be desirable that these
Waliangulu families should be persuaded to
cultivate land as their main means of livelihood,
or at least they should be settled in areas where
water in available and cultivation is practicable.
(f) One of the first steps must be to have a count
=ad of all people at present living in the
proposed area and then to uee whether It ls
praoticeable to remove all those who are not
Wallangulu or Oalla herding cattle.

(g) I think Mr. Parker's estimates of income to
be obtained from the scheme are on the high
side and his expenditure estimates will need
considerable revision.* He has made no
provision for LeT. & To recurrent costs, which
will be very heavy if all meat has to be
transported by lorry. Camp equipment will be
required and there must be provision for Game
Scouts to ensure that poaching does not take
place.
(h) It might be possible for Mr. Parker to rnm
this scheme on his own If he is given the
necessary money and a suitable clerks He
would, of course# be assisted by the Distriet
Officer, Malindi aMn the ".agricultural Officer*

(i) I think it may be desirable to provide in
the scheme for a Central Committee, with the
District Camnimioner, t.lifi, as Chairman,
to decide policy and be in overall control.
The officer in charge of the scheme (MreParker)
might be in charge of tlhe area and manage the
schem and the Dittrict Officer, Malindi
might manage the accounts of the scheme on
behalf of the schlieae manager.

B. I think the next stop should be for your
Minister and the Miniater for African Affairs to
approve the scheme in principle and for your Minister
to indicate that he would be prepared to go to the
Treasury for money if a satisfactory scheme can bu
worked out.
4. Copies of the memorandum the sketch map,
this letter, and other relevant notes should be sent
to the District Commnissioner9 Kilifl' Tana Rivermand
Teita, to the UistrtletOfficerp Mallndij-to the Senior
Crown Counsel3 Mcnbasa, and to Mr. Sheldrickbof the
National Parks.
5. When this has been done, I suggest we should
appoint a Committee consisting of the Districot GOcmissioner,
Rilifi (Chairma), the District Officer, Malindi, the
Senior Crown Counsel9 Mombasa9 Mr. Parker (secretary),
and Mr. Sheldriek, with the following terms of
reference:-
(a) To examine the memorandum on the
establishment of a Game management
szone in the .ISLtI district.

(b) If the proposal is considered
practicable, to draw up a workable


,../ shdiSl




rqr -


Mew-


seahie, together with estimteia,
bearing in mind the need for Oconcy
at the present timse.


(e) To advice what legislation will be
necessary, if mnyp to give legal effect
to the a sehme and in order to ensure that
the Wallangulu, who are allowed to live
in the zone are brought under control
and dIs*eipline.




DES.'.i)D ("'HAGAN


DO'n/JB.


PROVINCIAL COMUISJ3 CHER
n n Acsw o


Copy to:-

The Permanent .lcoretry,
Ministry of .rican Alftairasp
P.0.BL&.50060
NAIROBI.

The Chief OGenm ardlen,
Game Department,
YA3!KOBI.
The District Cuaiasioner,
KILIFI.

The Distriet Coeuisionimr
KIPINI.


The district Officer,
MALIDI.

The Oame ...rdi, /
aKILIPI.


" -. : -r "- .







Telephone: Mwatate 6 TEITA D TRIl
When replying please quote ( WU IANY P.O. VOI
Ref. No. GA.. / ......
and date .0.th..Mar.ch, ....... 195..8

The Game Warden,
KILIFIC 2)


GGAE MANAGEMENT SCHEME.

Thank you for showing me your proposed
ame management scheme which I read with great
interest, Such a scheme in my opinion will be
the only means of safeguarding game in the futu-
re. The persons who obtain their livelihood from
it will require careful management and good deal
of control but if handled properly will help
to reduce poaching by reporting those who poach
and thereby safeguarding their own interests. It
is also the only suggestion I have seen which
may make the African realise the benefit of having
game.
2. Your scheme deals mainly with the Wali-
ungulu but I believe thatiit is proved success-
ful it could be adapted to other areas and I defi-
nitely feel it should be given a trial because
it might succeed and if it didn't one would be no
worse off than we are now.




DISTRICT COMMISSIONER ,
AFHW/AFPV. TEl TA.
Copy to:-
The Provincial Commissioner,
Coast Province,
MOMBASA.


Telegrams: "DISIRICTER", Wundanyi, P.O. Voi


DISTRICT COM1





DISTRICT OFFICE,
MA.LINDI,

..19th.Apri


Ref. No.. 9/5.

The Game Warden,
KILIFI.


Thank you for your note of the 16th April
enclosing a dopy of the scheme.

2. In general I support it, but in some points
of detail I think it may have to be revised and I also
think it will be necessary to go more deeply into some
of the administrative, legal and financial implications.

5. I offer the following comments on points
mentioned on various pages of the scheme:-


Page 5.










Page 6.




Page 7.






Page 10.


It would probably be quite diffi-
cult for the organization to
establish its own 'factory' for
converting game trophies into
curios and it might be unwise to
rely on this. It would, however,
be worth trying to encourage one
or two.craftsmen, possibly Akamba,
to live at the administrative head-
quarters of the scheme, and use
some of the trophies on the spot.

I think it might be better to use
the zone North of the Sabaki only,
and avoid the problems which must
arise if you try to exclude an
area from the Native Land Unit.

The proposed land exchange is not
really acceptable since the Adu
area does not seem to be capable
of accepting any additional popula-
tion. I have in fact already re-
commended action designed to reduce
the population of Adu.

One of the two officers detailed
to administer the scheme would have
to accept general responsibility
for it, and the other would have
to be his assistant, even if in
practice they divided their duties
as you suggest. The officer in
charge would have responsibilities
similar to those of a Settlement
Officer.


19Pq.









-2-

He would require cofipeter.t\L
clerical assistance, ana adequate
housing and office accommodation
would have to be provided at the
headquarters.
The headmen would have to be res-
ponsible to the officer in charge
rather than to the Management
Committee.

Page 12. At the time of the annual pay-out
action should be taken to collect
the Personal Tax due from each
participant. If the pay-out took
place in January it would be easy
to assess the income for the pre-
vious year and collect the appro-
priate tax.
As the area of the scheme could
not easily be served by the Kilifi
or Tana River African District
Councils the participants might
be allowed to form a Council of
their own, and the central fund
of the scheme might contribute a
sum to this Council directly instead
of paying it to individuals and re-
quiring the Council to collect Rates.

Page 15. I presume that a large part of the
meat would be eaten by the partici-
pants. Would they be required to
pay for it? Could they in fact pay
for it in the first year?


4. Other points which occur to me are:-
(a) The Eastern boundary of the scheme area
should be demarcated by a motorable
track from the North bank of the Sabaki
right through to the main Lamu road.
Link roads should be made to enable
this track to be reached from Dakacha
and from Adu.

(b) There should be limited facilities for /
subsistence agriculture at the head- t*"
quarters and at the four settlements..

(c) It might be desirable to appoint an
Msanye elder to the Marafa African Court
and give that Court jurisdiction over
the whole area of the scheme. Similarly
it might be desirable to give the Magi-
strates at Malindi jurisdiction over







- 5 -


Copy to:


the whole area of the scheme.
(d) Provided that action is taken on the
suggestions above for the establishment
of a special African District Council
and the extension of Court jurisdictions,
the fact that the area lies in two Dis-
tricts may be unimportant, but it may
still be better to arrange for it to be
wholly included in one District.
(e) It will be desirable to provide a road
to the headquarters and to each of the
four settlements and to provide facili-
ties for the establishment of shops at
these five places.
(f) I hope that it will be possible to open
up the existing road on the North bank
of the Sabaki river as a tourist route
between Malindi and Nairobi via the
Tsavo National Park.




District Officer,
v Malindi.

The Provincial Commissioner, Mombasa.
The Permanent Secretary for African Affairs,
Nairobi.
The Secretary for Forest Development, Game
A Fisheries, Nairobi.
The District Commissioner, Kilifi.
The District Commissioner, Kipini.
The Chief Game Warden, N airobi.


10






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When replying please quote TANA RIVER S ICT,
Ref. No. .GA,22/l/2/Q69. K I KENYA.
and date D.......... 2 M.May,..... ..., 195a.

The Game Wa&dan,\
Game Department,
P.O. Box 54,
4*- KI L IF I. ,


GAME MANAGEMENT SCHEME GALMA RIVER-
Ref: Your letter dated 16.4.58

As pu know, my Provincial Commissioner has already
commented on this proposed scheme and I am in complete
aginement with his views.

I welcome the idea behind it and I regard it as a step
in the right direction. As a person who cannot agree that
an animal is more important than man, this scheme seems to me
to be a highly intelligent attempt to balance the forces.

At this early stage I only have three points to make:

(1) The Scheme is too enthusiastic when it comes to finance
and I believe that the expenditure has been grossly
underestimated. In view of the fact that the degree of
co-operation to be expected from the African is still
an unknown quantity, much more investigation is also needed
O into the revenue side.
(2) There are considerable difficulties ahead in the
O marrying-up of two districts into one zone and any thought
ofa"private empire"run by enthusiasts is to be resisted. The
Orma rights will have to be protected, a complete tie-up
with the Provincial Administration made sure, and a revision
of Local Government responsibilities secured. The Tana River
African District Council has authority over all land within
the boundaries of the present administrative district.

(5) I must be represented on any Committee which discusses
any part of this district or it's peoples.






'-T DISTRICT COMMISSIONER.
TANA RIVER DISTRICT.


OrMISSIONER,


WHT/JMI.


Telegrams: "DISTRICTER", KIPINI


OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT





Telegrams: "SCHOOLING" DISTRICT EDUC I OFFICE
Telephone:.......... P.O. Box 42, IL I
When replying please quoae I \'
Ref. No. ...a...... d..9.......
and date \\











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Sllsl~n C Psoat Rmisavlalm U and, ltshes'Lss, 3h 310SF.

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COPY.


AA/27/2/II/62.
MINISTRY OP AFRICAN APPAIEB,
P.*0Box 30050,
NAIROBI, Kenya.
19th. November, 1958.



The Proyncial Commissionsu ^to
Coast Province, / / /
Mombasa.


WALLIANGUT S ITTM (GAME MANAGEM )

Would you please refer to letter No. 22/4/1/8
of the 14th.November from the Permanent Secretary for
Forest Development, Game and Fisheries, on which I would
like to comment as follows: -
As a general observation I would say that the
various points raised by the Professional Hunters Assoniatio
merely serve to emphasi sethat they have entirely missed or
ignored the principles underlying the Walliangu Scheme,
and the reasons why it is so important for Kenya's wild
life that pilot project be attempted.
To saswer the various points raised by the
Professional Hunters Associations -
(1) The total population of the Walllangulu tribe is
estimated at approximately 2,000 men ,women and children.
The number of notorious poachers, by which I mean leaders
of poacher gangs, my naot exceed 50 but each gang consists
of numerous followers who assist with the general work of
the gang and must therefore also be oalassified as poascher
although naturally they are not of the same calibre as the
gang leaders. However, it should be borne in a nd that even
the ordinary members of the gangs are skilled hunters and
bushmen, and could function quite effectively on their own
if need be.
(2) Naturfly the scheme would create a precedent, and if
successful other tribes should be encouraged to follow suit,
Surely this is precisely what is required. If other tribes
pressed for similar scheme, this could only be regarded as
very healthy sign that the African at least appreciates the
value of wild life conservation. If the Africans can bi
persuaded to exchange his present system of indiscriminate
and wasteful salaghter on a huge scale for controlled
culling under proper flU:FvAsieon, there is at
last some vestige of hope that wd life will net be
entirely exterminated in may parts of Kenya.
The essence of the Waliangulu Scheme is to bU g
the African into active partnership in game onhitp*on
measures. Without the co-operation of the African ten is
no long-tomerm hope either for the African or the brofPal
profe a ssional hunter.
If only the professional hunters would realiSt tb
schemes along these lines are very neh in their own
interests. At the moment game is going poached out, of
existence in many so-called hunting areas, and- i;tt44 '
process is allowed to eoutimie indefinitely there 'i
nothing left for the professional white hunter or
professional black poacher.







2-


On the other hand, if the Waliangulu Scheme is successful,
I can see no reason why the Waliangulu themselves should
not invite theprofessional hunters to hunt in the area,
providing licence fees, meat, and so on go towards benefitting
the scheme. But in my view the invitation mast come from the
Waliangulu themselves. If they are eemzietteA- compelled to
allow European hunters into the area against their will, they
may well regard the scheme merely as a camouflage for esta -
blibUshing Luropean interests in the region.

(3) In fact, the biggest tuskers are reputed to in habit
the Marsabit region. However, there are undoubtedly big
eleph;-ants in the area proposed for thepilot game management
scheme, because the area lies athwarf the principal elephant
migratory route in Kenya, extending from the hinterland north-
west of Lamu down to and beyond the Tanganyika border.

(4) This statement is entirely misleading and inaccurate.
Elephants migrate in and out of the region and breed along the
length of the migratory route. There is no recognized elephant
breeding ground. Other species also are known to breed there.
No area, not even a Natinnal Park, can be regarded as a self-
contained" area. The majority of species of wild animals
constantly move in and out of any region you care to name.

(5) Again this statement is inaccurate. A small number
of detribalised Waliangulu have associated themselves with the
Giriaman and possibly other tribes in the Coast Province, and
have cultivated shambas in Giriama country, but it shouldbe
emphasized that the area proposed for the game management
scheme is entirely unsuited for agricultural development in
the normally accepted sense, except along thebanks of the
Galana and Tana Rivers. The best form of land usage for this
semi-desert country is quite definitely not cultivation.
Quite apart from this, the majority of the Waliangulu
tribesmen w would be unable or unwilling to adopt a wpy of life
based on agriculture. I belive that attempts to start agrioul -
tural schemes were made in the past, but were entirely
unsuccessful The Coast Province Administration should be able
to provide full information an this subject.
(6) This merely emphasizes that the professional hunters
have failed to grasp the underlying principles of the game
management scheme. These can be sunmarised as follows: -
(a) Basically the scheme amounts to a system of cropping
wild animals on a sustained yield basis in areas where the
land is unsuited to normally accepted methods of animal husban-
dry. In other words, it is a new approach to the question of
protein production in regiousn where domestic livestock will
not thrive. It is my contention that the production of protein
per acre will be far higher under this system than under
scrub cattle;
(b) Ranohing of domestic livestock in this semi-desert
type of country would inevitably lead to large scale dessica-
tion of soil and vegetation, whereas under Wild fauna the
habitat would be preserved. A system of Game Management would,
therefore, be the most suitable trm of land used for this
type of country,.
(o) The proposed scheme will go a long wa y towards obtaining
the co-operation of the African in the conservation of wild
life, without which there is little hope for long term wild
life conservation in areas outside established National Parkas


- 3-







- 3.


(dO If successful, the scheme will prove the enonomic
value of wild animals and will thus strengthen the case for
their retention in many parts of Kenya outside National Parks,
(e) Through obtaining the active coO-operation of the
Walliangulu poaching will be considerably reduced, if not
entirely eliminated, in the Game Management zone.
(f) The scheme also has oonsierable sociological signifi -
canoe. It will enable tribesmen who have long been a thorn in
the side of the Administration to take up useful and profitable
employment, based on their tradional way of life, in a region
where no legal employment previously existed. Such a scheme
will undoubtedly have a very marked and beneficial effect on
African opinion.
(7) Again, the professional hunters have completely
distorted the main object of the exercise. This is not, as they
suggest, to kill game, but the conservation of natural resources
through proper land usage.
(8) Some of the game meat derived from the Game MH.age-
ment Scheme will be consumed by the Walianguli on the spot.
The remainder will be dried and sold as biltong. It is fallaci-
cus and ridiculous to suggest that the sale of biltong will
affect the Colony's offtake of scrub cattle.
(9) Finally, may I quote the resolution passed at the
recent I.U.C.N. Conference in Athens, which wqs drafted by
Dr. Fraser+Darling, and which is a first rate summary of the
advantages of the sohem,written by a distinguished world
authority on the subjects -
"This Assembly of the I.UNC. N. notes with approval
the pilot Game Management Scheme being plaxned for the Walian-glta
tribe in Kenya whereby the economic welfare and cultural pattern
of the tribe will be sustained, andrecords its full support of
this attempt to show that protein production is possibly by game
management from areas of low or non- existent agricultural vaine
The scheme pro-ides an opportunity of obtaining valuable
scientific and sociological data on this form of land use".




(Sgd) Hardy
for PEMA ENT SECRETARY FOR
AFRICAN AFFAIRS.










S3rd December, 58
GA. 22/1/1/47/58



The Provincial Commissioner1
Coast Province,
MOMBASA (2)
GAME MANAGEMENT : WAL SETTLEMENT
sc=L
Ref. the Permanent Secretary for Forest
Development, Game and Fisheries letters
22/4/1/8 of 14/11/58 addressed to the
Chief Game Warden, copied to you, and
22/4/1/8 bf 18/11/58 addressed to you,

I find it difficult to understand the complete
'volte face' expressed in the Permanent Secretary for Forest
Development, Game and Fisheries letter. In his letter 22/4/1/8
of 19th September,1958 para,3 he suggested that a pilot scheme
be instituted under the Game Warden Kilifi with the assistance
of the Administration.
2. You approved of his proposition (ref.your ADM.1/20/54
of 27/10/58) and I have since written to the Commissioner for
Local Government for his advice reference accounting, and have
also put the plan to the African District Council who gave their
unanimous approval to it.

3. On receiving your approval the Ministry for Forest
Development, Game and Fishereies approached the Treasury for
permission to start the sheme's funds on the proceeds of
elephant shot on control at the coast. The Treasury agreed to
the sale of meat, but not ivory. However their ruling is of no
consequence and the approach by the Ministry was unnecessary, as
Sec.14(2) of the Wild Animals' Protection Ordinance (No.18 of 1951)
states :- "A Game Warden's Permit shall be subject to whatever
conditions the Game Warden may impose in his absolute discretion".
_ The elephant, naturally, would be shot on a Game Warden's Permit.
Further to the Treasury's ruling, there is no difference in
/principle in selling meat to the selling of ivory to start the
scheme. With respect I would maintain legally the Treasury have
no jurisdiction in the matter at all.

4. The scheme is a Game Conservation Measure. The first
and foremost object is the survival of wild animals. That the
scheme offers a very practicable solution to the civilization of
the Waliangulu is purely incidental though very fortunate. The
term W47aliangulu Scheme" is not correct though it has inadvertently
been applied to the Galara River Game Management Scheme since the
letters inception. How can an Administrative Officer supervise
the hunting, know what to hunt; when to hunt it, and. how to treat
the products etc.? A Game Management Scheme must be run by a
specialist in that field. Should the Ministry of Forests, Game and
Fisheries refuse to accept the responsibility of the scheme, then
the Game Warden Kilifi should be seconded to the Administration for
the task. He is quite willing to do this to get the scheme going.
5. The White Hunters points in the Permanent Secretary's
letter 22/4/1/8 of 14/11/58 are all easily answered. None of the
three White Hunters who saw the Ministry had read the Game
Management Scheme. White Hunters in general oppose the scheme on
two misapprehensions i
(i) That they are to be refused admittance to the
scheme area


(ii) That it is a scheme especially desigae2for the
so**.c







-2-


(ii) Africans.

Neither could be further from the truth. Professional
Hunters would not be excluded from the Scheme, Again the
scheme is such that the poor hunting African has a place in it
though this is incidental. The scheme was not designed to
appease the Africans.

6. I feel that when next thedelegation of hunters see
the Minister for Forest Development, Game and Fisheries, myself
the Game Warden Kilifi and Mr. David Sheldrick or Mr. Noel
Simon should be present. Would it be possible to arrange this?

*.. 7* I attach herewith lIr. Parkerts answers to the questions
posed by the White Hunters Association,

8, Finally I would like to reiterate that I am very
keen to start a small pilot scheme under the Game Warden Kilifi
with all possible help from the Administration.




DISTRICT COMMISSIONER,
KILIFI

Copy to :-/The Game Warden, KILIFI
\ '

\ENCL:
\ GLVH/PJH.





*4





/ a 2Lt/oS 0--^th UeoouheP 6Ed




The Pirmnaet. wry
ZiLnistry of .Vroist- Avia/ t Gu; a and
riebeeleOie
P BiOX tOOS7


G/IJA IVRWb IajltaLl. {s^fif :*sc.a^

1ef yoopur 1.l1/ ae t O 14I fthoibvBl 19i


'iurthcw to my letter rtefWOesin.e yi3/*
of 1tA December, 1968, i now undclone a copyO of a
letter refrnwc nMIer A,,2WVV4r?/&C of 31-d
Dsom wbr, w9 fora the District Gmxstaimor
K-iflfl Xf0,Vt agge with twe vi s he has
exprkeed end I think that the objection raft by1
teo roft lcnal haIters' Aseoclation bao be=a
eatisfsatorily anaerared I hope tho ?Inieteu
will be able to accept the reoorandatUton mate in
ti'graph G of the Distriot Ccriionet ,a letter*
. I thinlk porhipe it is rneosB uvi to nijaew it
quite clear once again what the main purposes of
tile pilot asceno arti
(a) to carry out a giam oonaervatin
measure,
(b) to incease the amount of gafe.
STempecoially elephant in tn Galaona
arson by an experiment in 1,1=
ma cagemet and
(a) to reduce poaohini, tv usiing thonso
who would otherwise b enagaed in
poaching, bsioficially in the Vonw

B. Az I hua. stated on sovorai owcmasions pro-
vlouxufy believe thick pilot sobesa of Care aom-
cervation i mxt nanaecuacnt in waIl IjorZth a trials
I ea itpreocsd by the fact that it to strongly
supported by uach authorities in Gaam Catter as
the Chief uew ', arden, the Director of the "oyul
National t'ars, Zr. Nloel uilon iad Mr. David

4.@ This is not an Afriean Settlent Schome.
It is primarily a highly technical sobers of mea
management BM cam oanl be operated u -ess.u- j
by an experienot oaffier of the Owns Epir
tho not only has a detailed knowledo of gusB but
also of thwe V all myuau hunters who has no f l20d
abodf* Thves hters ae naw mow by off omrs
of the Adnfistraticn esept when te ora brom~t
et frc the Coutt ftor guns offtWso-s




I
I 2



5. I believe this in a far better way of
preventing poaching, if It can be success-
fully operated, than the maintenance of a
large and extensive anti-poaohing unit. I
also believe that an officer of Mr0 Parker's
experience and calibre has a good chance of
obtaining the confidence of the Waliangulu
hunters. He believes he can gain their
confidence and I consider he should be given
the ful"ot support and encouragement, only
in th1cii thl lieritu atd success of the
soheiae be judged*

6, 1 am surprised that your Ministry now
has second thoughts about this scheme and I
think a firm decision must be taken by your
Ministry whether or not the sacheo i likely
to conserve gase and to discourage poaching.
If your Mf4inistry no longer supports the
scheme despite the technical advice, it
ohoula be clearly stated. If on the other
hand your Minister feels that the pilot
scheme is well worth adopting then I hope
you will go ahead with the soheme and give
the fullest support and encouragement to
your Game garden in the fielci who has to
manage it. As previously stated he can
count on support frcm the Administration&
1 and the Kilifl African District Council has
greed to aclpt the scheme as suggested in
paragraph 3 of your predecessor'se letter
reference 22/4/1/8 of 19th Eetpeibor, 1958,
provided that it is managed by the Game
Department *


i),',:,<''" > 0 "; o



PL.uViEiCjAL CXIXIZ.ISIoiflim,
CO1WT

c.o: The Poemanent Seoretary,
iinictry of African Affairs,

The Chief Game Warden,


The District CoLmitsioner

The District OffiAerp


.NC'IIsEJS
,.-C S









/

I
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i ri ht f .vi :. :.; L.... V I i r hy
t

















,,i,:~ ~~~ - -: -e -,. ,,; .-.-- 2
Ref. No]GA. 22/1/i/52A.


%/The Game V.'.ardlen,

Copy above forwarded to you for
information. G. HARDY


ILIFI, DI( R. j












2nd January, 1959.
C C
'.'i1. '. J; .. "': : * *


:% Z.--i ; n r, u ..'j tVj

h r~vi;.,i;..l ; i3si1-ri12r%

a. It.'-_



Ref.Io G&A. "22/1/1/52A.
VThe Game V'.'arden,
Kilifi.

Copy above forwarded tbo you for
into rmat ion. ^



KIMIFI, D^I^~^Ofi
2nd January, 1959.






tielrams: "DrsrRiCTER" OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COMMISSIONER
Telephone: 3 P.O. Box 29, KILIFI, KENYA
When replying please quote ..12t ,....,a ary..., 19.59.,
Ref. No. g ..... /.2/1 ./54.
and date



V The Game Warden,
Game Dept, \
Kilifi.



GAME MANAGEMENT SCHEME : WALIANGULU.
I enclose herewith a copy of a letter Ref 22/4/1/8
dated 8th. January, 1959, together with a copy of the
draft scheme for game management in the Galana River area
of the Kilifi District, which I have received from the
Permanent Secretary, Ministry for Forest Development,
Game and Fisheries, for your information and any comment
that you may wish to make.
2. Kindly return the enclosure since this has to be
returned to the Ministry concerned.


Ens: 2. DISTORT COSSINER, KILIFI.
Ens .DISTR T C LSSIONER, KILIFI.






Telegrams: "DISTRICTER"
Telephone: 3
When replying please quote
CER. 2/3/45.
Ref. No ..................
and date


I


OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COMMISSIONER
P.O. Box 29, KILIFI, KENYA
... 14th...Januarx,., 19.. 59.


The Game Warden,
Game Dept,
KILIFI.


MINISTER'S VISIT.


The Minister for Forest Development, Game and
Fisheries, is visiting Kilifi on Thursday, 29th.
January, 1959. I shall be grateful if you will arrange
to be in the boma on that day so that we can discuss
the Game Management Scheme with him.




DISICT COMMISSIONER,
GIVJH/MP KI jIFI.


0 0 if "







'B
t .-~


GA226t/h January, 59
GA. 22/1,'1/56





The Provincial Commissioner,
Coast Province,
MOMK3ASA

GAME MANAGEMENT SCHEME WALIANGULU
Ref. 22/4/1/8 of 8/1/1959 from the
Permanent Secretary for Forest
Development, Game and Fisheries
addressed to me, copied to you.
*** ~ I forward herewith one map of the area in which
Phase One will take place, and our redraft of the Permanent
Secretary's rules embodying certain suggestions.

2. With reference to the second paragraph of the
Permanent Secretary's letter those Waliangulu who cannot
be employed in Phase One will have to remain where they
are to-day, It is envisaged that 50 can be employed in
SPhase One and the remaining 100 mast wait until Phase Two
is initiated.

3. I would like to record that I hope the Permanent
Secretary will be able to arrange a really simple form of
accounting with the Treasury, since anything complicated
would be impossible to manage.



DISTRICT COMMISSIONER,
KILIZI

ENOCLS I

GMJpH/PJH.

copy to S- : 4e Game Warden,
XILIFI









GAME MANAGEMENT : COAST PROVINCE


PHASE I

l1 The Game Warden Kilifi will continue normal control
measures in Kilifi District. However, at the same time
certain Waliangulu would be employed to prepare the
meat and other products obtained from the animals shot
for sale. This would be done with the supervision and
advice of the District Commissioner Kilifi ( A management
committee is for Game Management Phase II only),.

2o The animals shot in Phase I would be those which will have
to be destroyed in the course of normal control work in
Kilifi District. The meat and products from these animals
would be marketed by the Game Warden Kilifi and the proceeds
credited to an account now being arranged by the Permanent
Secretary for Forest Development, Game and Fisheries and
the Treasury. This account could be supervised by the
District Revenue Officer Kilifi, details of revenue having
been recorded on the spot by the Game Warden in a suitable
account book.

3. Payments to the Waliangulu employed would be made as and
when funds permitted. Monthly payments would not be
guaranteed. They would also be made partly in kind
i.e. meat. The amounts paid would be subject to the
District Commissioner's agreement. Payments would be
made by the Game Warden Kilifi in the field, and recorded
in a suitable fashion. Payments would never exceed the
balance available in the account.

4. During Phase I. The Game Warden Kilifi would continue his
present duties in Kilifi and Kwale. The presence of the
anti-poaching team and several very competent Hon. Game
Wardens in Teita would lessen his responsibilities in that
District.

5, During Phase I the Game Warden Kilifi would use Departmental
transport, rifles and ammunition, and no financial burden
for these items need fall on the Game Management account.

6. The District Commissioner and Game Warden will carry out
a census of Waliangulu. Efforts will be made to devise
employment for those who are unlikely even to be used in
Game Management.

7. Phase I of Game Management will affect Professional Hunters
in no way at all.
Phase II. It will be a principle of the scheme that
Professional Hunters, or any valid Game licence holder
would be able to hunt in the area through normal channels.

8. The inception of Phase II of the Game Management Scheme will
be dependent on the success of Phase I and the funds
accumulated through it, or the immediate availability of
capital from Government or other sources such as the
Nuffield Foundation,


OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COMr04ISSIONER,
KILIFI


28th January, 1959










CA/lW. AA/27/2/g/122.





"he Assistant Secreta (F.2 (Y



GALAA RIVER GAM AA LAtnACMM&g .

I have discussed this with Mr. Js.P.
Alsop of the Exchequer and Audit Department and also
with our senior Internal Auditor, Mr. O.H. Simpson*
We are all agreed that the accounting system must be
kept as simple as possible but nevertheless there are
certain financial Implications which necessitate the
maintenance of accurate records for control of
receipts and payments*
2. We agree that certainly for Phase I of
the scheme the control of receipts should be based on
< actual saleable products derived from animals killed
and we should disregard such things as raw meat given
to the walian ulu. Unless we do this the accounting
for wages due to the walianvlu would be somewha-t
complicated.
3. The saleable products, it would appear,
will be derived from:-
(1 elephant,
(i buffalo,
(iv leopard
and (v) lion.
Since each hunt will be under the super-vision of the
<-4l Game Warden we should rely on a return from him on
,' the lines of the attached specimen of the products
^ produced for sale. From these returns a suitable stores
01 "9 >ledger would be posted at Kllifi to record products
S/ received and their disposal. The pro-forma referred
to was drawn up by us on what we thought would be the
saleable products and it may have to be revised in
the light of technical advice.
4. The management committee would have to
fix prices at which the products may be sold and in
doing so it would no doubt seek the advice of the
Game Warden. Dried meat and fat would be sold at a
general price per pound but in respect of the other
products the price for each item would depend on its
). j-csize and quality. To avoid complicated stores aceount-
I ing records no values would be recorded but the price
/^ ^ for each item would be marked on it by affixing a
L"B^ ]label. The stores ledger would, therefore, only record
S L~fuantities.

,< ,,. #
,/,p'






I4






B. Proceeds of sales would be acknowledged by
means of e normal Government type miscellaneous receipt
which would specify:-

a the name of the purchaser,,
b the amount received,
and a the products bought (if more than one
they should be listed),

The triplica-fte copy of the receipt would then be the
Stores ledger posting medium for sales of products. All
sales should be for cash only.x ??
6. To keep the stores in order it will be necessary
from time to time to write off unsaleable items or any
which have deteriorated (e.g. old fat). The management
'committee should be the responsible authority for this.
A I\ Articles written off would be covered by a normal destruct-
I on certificate which, coupled with the authorization
From the cozmmttee, would form the posting medium for
entries in the stores ledgers.
7. A decision should be made as to there the
products will be stored and who will be responsible for
their custody. Also, it should be clearly defined tho
may effect sales and, therefore, hold receipt books. The
number of such persons should be kept to a minimum
ocaMatible with requirements.
8. The proceeds of sales and also expenditure
paid for from those proceeds will be accountable through
two special deposit accounts under the control of the
District Comaissioner. we will advise the District
Commissioner of the account numbers and descriptions to
be used as soon as we know that the scheme is to commenee.
This office will furnish the District Coomlsesioner with
statements in respect of each of these accounts for
reconciliation with his deposit ledger record in the
normal way. At the end of each year an account of revenue
and expenditure aMnd an abstract showing products in hand
will be required from the District Commissioner. As the
District Commissioner will have control of the stores and
deposit lodgers the accounts of the scheme will be subject
to audit by our own Internal Audit as well as by Exchequer
and Audit.

A 9. I would like to know whether the District
,v f Commissioner alone or in conjunction with some other person
V or persons may decide what expenditure may be incurred.
SSome form of control will be required and that control
) V should rest with the committee but subject to the over-
"\ *riding authority of the Permanent Secretary for African
^\^y.Affairs, who Is the Accounting Officer answerable for
f.} the finances and accounts of the scheme. Once the
r scheme has got going expenditure should be controlled / i
through the medium of a simple type of annual estimate,/ le /u

100 The only expenditure which the scheme will
have to meet is the wages of the wallangulu and the
expenses of preparing and selling the products from gam
\ killed. The wages should be a pro-determined cash amount
and for the first year, until revenue from the sale of
products is in hand, should be financed by a grant-in-aid.
After all thabA expenditure will produce revenue from
ivory and rhino horn and is, therefore, a legitimate
charge to the exchequer.





f--b


11. There is a contingent liability which I
consider ought to be borne in mind and that is the
possibility of claims for death or injury. In a hunt
S someone someday will be injured or killed and there
S would be a claim for compensation. In so far as the
\ Wallengulu employed on the scheme are concerned the
liability mould be covered by a Workmene Compensation
/\ Insurance Policy,

12. I have a serious criticism arising out
of paragraph 12(a) of C.M.(59) 139 (at folio 116/1 in
this file). Such a Joint scheme connotes dual res-
ponsibility and Government has just been taken to task
over the Vasey Housing Scheme for permitting dual
responsibility with resultant indecision as to who
is actually responsible for matters that have gone
wrong* The Treasury and our Accounting Officer agreed
to guard against such a situation in the future. There-
fore from the financial and accounting aspect of the
Galana scheme the Permanent Secretary for African
Affairs must be the sole authority with the management
committee and the District Commissioner acting in an
Advisory capacity.



SG. WATKINS




H. G. WATKINS
H.G. WATKIN8
CHIEF ACCOUNTANT
AFRICAN AFFAIRS.

11th Hau, 1959.


C.c. (1) Chief Accountant's file (new) for District
Commissioner, Kilifi Galana River Manage-
ment Scheme.

(ii) The Controller and Auditor General, .
P.O.Box 30084,
Nairobi (for attention Mr. J.W.P.Alsop).

(ill) Senior Internal Auditor,
Ministry of African Affairs,
Nlalrobi.


HGW/tC.




--'5


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28th March, 59


SFP.F/4/47


CONFIDENTIAL


CONFIDENTIAL
The Provincial Commissioner,
Coast Province,
MOMBASA


WALIANGULU GAME MANAGEMENT
| . ..0


Ref. your SF.107/108 of 18th Maroh.1959


We have no further comments to make except for
Para. 6 of the memorandum, which appears to be the crux
of the whole argument whioh has arisen over ivory.
2. Ref. Para. 6: which states The meat and
trophies other than ivory, from the game shot (especially
elephant) would be properly marketed".
Both the Game Warden and I still consider that
Phase II cannot be run without the ivory, and we do not
wish to give up the fight to obtain it. This statement would
appear to surrender the ivory to the Treasury for at least
three years. It would also appear that in Phase II of the
scheme that Government will sit back and receive greatly
increased revenue from ivory through the use of Nuffield
Funds, which seems blatantly dishonest*


G. M. OHS L

DISTRICT COMMISSIONER,
KILIFI A

Copy to/l- he Game Warden,
/J KILIFICA

GMJH/PJrfT^ CONFIDENTIAL







Telegraphic address: "Natives" ( MINISTRY OF AFRICAN AFFAIRS,
Telephone No.: 24221 P.O. Box No. 30050
When replying please quote l NAIROBI, KENYA
No. .. AA./27/2/.2/132 .. July...-8.th......... 1959..
and date

District Commissioner,
Kilif i.


GALANA RIVER GAME BANAGET T


Would you please refer to letter No.
OW. AA/27/2/2/131 of 7th July from the Chief
Accountant, African Affairs, in which he has
set out a very simple accounting procedure for
the scheme which may now go ahead.
2. When Mir.Parker was in Nairobi recently
*I was under the impression that I would be able
to open the account with a deposit of about 100.
Unfortunately there are serious accounting
objections to this procedure and Mr.Parker will
Snow have to obtain some revenue. I suggest
that he should start with one or two elephants,
selling as much meat as he can on the local
market and arranging for the front feet and
ears to be rough cured and then forwarded to
YAr.Zimmerman,to whom he should now write and
ask how many feet and ears he is prepared to
take and at what price. I do not think
that there will be any difficulty in disposing
of these trophies at this time of the year when
there are several tourists who are prepared to
pay good prices for souvenirs of their hunting
trips If Mr.Parker will send me a copy of
his letter I will get in touch with Mr.Zimmerman.

3. I had a long discussion vith I6r.Peter
King, the Chairman of the Kenya Meat Commission,
lwho is most interested in conducting experiments
^- for turning elephants into bone and meat meal for
the stock trade, and also mentioned that he would
like to investigate the possibilities of producing
"Canned Jumbo" for the pet food trade in the
United Kingdom, which is north some 8J million
pounds per annum. I have mentioned this to the
Chief Game Warden who has agreed that Mr.Parker
should attend a meeting which I will try and
arrange with Mr.King as soon as he returns from
a business trip to Southern Rhodesia.

4. Do please keep me informed of progress
and call on me for any assistance which may be
necessary.
SbG. G.HARDY
(N .G .H/.H)Y)
for REL.rANiNT SECRETARY
c.c. J.Webster,Esq., Permanent Secretary to the
Ministry of ForestsGame and Finheries,
NAfIOBI. /
c.o. Game Warden, Kilifi./

/cm










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- '- -.x --~**-* I -- -
.4 .- -.


GAL/22g/ 78/69.



Tbi Chief Accountannt (2),
Ministry or AXrican Affairs,
p.A0. ox No.12480, /
,airobi.


2 Ist. July,


re: Galana Aver (O:au :JaangM.meat scheme .
Rei. zour 'I~o^i ^s/aIg
D"ated 7t., J4y, 19B90

Thank you very muoh for your letter under
reerence .a a b. nve discussed the arratgemiacts rs suggested
.ith tha Game .ardean, i'.llif )Istrict, and confirm that they
nrc saticfactory.





district 'Onriissiorter,
Kilifi.


coc. i'he 'rovincial uoriaLssionur,
Gonst,
7.. ^ox No. 510,


The 'ermancat cocretary to the Treasury,
*. 3ox No. 50007,


ri .'2..aa.-nt -%'.ecTtnry :tor orest .ev.ilo-nent,
'a'.-e and Fisheries,
f). Uo.3"fl27,
,_ irabi,



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'"' i. +: :o.'!1/I

3 7th ..jin.b.;.', I'19


I3. ,h; .tir t hi c I hVL. -. *n Up '' %IL a .r t L'.-1 to

where I have wt idooi. ]tm 11 "'piLch,...e o rz" ,or", thi:; is ;PLrol.j
an '..t .at,.. cost and the corroct rice of the .. ro.:'iit :.C:..co
d ^.;..,.,-.- .. hol b acc: 'tained. Li'k.i,-ao, in ItonE, 1 an'i 12,
where "II L.'ic of diosol lorr',:" is a,',,o,, it ,i,.ht ;orha,--. be
b,.inti' to -Q say just "puroLas,, of lorrg'-" ,i. ,.. only ...it-ilu.
j:UiIobto"l,%r howevery, those D "sti.iat.:-; will be called for to eui.itantia.t
L ..,l~l'ldn.;, '8 [niior.nd'iu. It should be noted tl. L'tu t.he
ond of the third ',,r t; esti oe budc 0 a suzplus of appro:.ir:attlY
^*, a v.'e.r hich is Considered an ado(,nate 1i-,r to Con.tinu the
njcoxz.-ry ca;itrl ovI.lo:.rint siti'; as wat up:licn etcc

9. -'inM.,,7 the ei it in .1the 'tiua.ut+ on which to
*.-nr.;O A oYi, -:i'L.b!,l r ,'.ic.h is vital to tioia interaEts o2'
the ichemne is tiv land unit (ti..: ,.;',h -..:*l'. :,jiv.n,, iI Unit)
and no neooti.tion ha,- yet ben undejrt:-en .:ith tl Lji iJoa'rd of
the ili African District 'Touicil to obtain thu US oi thi:- l'-nc.
It has avay. .beeon unocu::ied. wtrrloos I-n ,Jut joenotration tby.
oharcozl bwnmerio .:ith all tYe cColation *h'.ich ithey 'inL, is al:ody
b-inn::.,. I do not hin it 6.o.. 1. ,.\ly to the
ic.. Dii t .oun.cil to Qo-i z1.::u to ue the 1 -.J. withoutou t
.i-vi;-,. thf C moil azny :z"t v':-1 boii-'it, I have theFi iore,
in.cludid in h-- e..ti.,--: a i -'5 : I;15.' bei- t rent ot this
1...1, ?hi.u i a tent'-tiv-. _'i,.r ;'..'I ay o Se have to b- th-
ubj-.ct of !-.,, .i.t-in, ',it iou.i I! tlivJ.-, a f' i-W ront'

1. 2o cunL3luce, the :-xcheni3 h'.u an ense iotntil value anci 7ou.l
be a c':. l-itol;/ niov3l 1oncetion o .:.. uz.r0 CL re ;. t.lor.
-ij*-xi a now- b'OS i:--n1, it I t t t weak td totV-I-r,'' but
chouli the LS.iuta.oe ou ;^e d in "[i, :.:c'lluc'y'S rSi-.of-iiid'i. be
ra_.iIly obtu.ined, thcnre in no r!reaon h-t.vn,.' 'A it hiul "i.)l;:i to .;.Ja, to pro .. :' :-nd tto i2o.c.Jto'i t,









I'. 1* 1 -, '* 7
;.' .. ':. d.H .'I'. .r 2.'J ..
IgLIPI




/ /A /0-0
Si p~0Sn /
+~.L a i -.;r ... .. i" n. ..t] *
v '.. v . a i a l C o ,- .i . ,. ; . , ? O L2 o -" ^ ~ t i '' . ." / '








DISTRICT OFFICE
P.O. Box 1, MALINDI
KENYA
24th Augst,.., 19.5 9.


Telegrams: "ADISCOM", Malindi
Telephone: Malindi 3
When replying please quote
Ref. No....A....9 9
and date

The Game Warden,
Kilifi.


GAME MANAGEMENT SCBHM PHASE 1.
REF- YOOUR ETTER O Q21-L 8.59

I will have mch pleasure in attending your
meeting on 27th August.





DISTRICT OFFICER
DGCM/SPGm. mALINDI.













S 4 a 25th August, 59
POPA/3/4/344/530 and
GA/I2L)Yl/l/


Divisional Forest ..iwf.cer,
P.O. lJox 73,
L1UL1BA3A.


L.a.' I r. in'. you tha he -mi.r grj" ient Scheme has
t;one into mL'eoct since ti:. 1st Jul, 3' and tiiat it will be
important that all concession holders in the district realise that
their concessions will not be valid within the limits of the Game
\. nen-int Area. .'.-. are in the -rocezs at the moment of -i-finrzL'
accurately the uounduries of the area and as soon as this has been
done you will be noti'iaLi.-








;. ^-;'^I'. :T C^ I'-. Iu3i i'i, 'i i


T.HLL/'U:L
il~,'I;Tl




c.c. a,. e ,,rden,al
Kilifi.













AA/27/2/2/137 | ,---- p6thJ August, 59


T:11 District CommissiLier, j


GALAI:A RIV- .-.i,.. _?T SC Z.

I am C.irected to '.-ier to letter
o.22/4/1/8/133 of the 21st August, 1959
frw',-j the e:c."ra.aient secret;.rj for .r'or'st
.- velopment, Game and '.-hris, and
si-,uld be gratufui if you -.ould, in conjunction
with your Gamie arden, supply the Chief fGame
aruei,, fanairika with the information
which he requires on t-. r. '.rketing of elephant
,.ut from the Galana .iv.r scheme.







(. /:,:: rua' )

..,r I. :.'-i.. i 2 ." 'AiRY.

Tef.No. GA: 22/1/1.
I/The Game Warden, Kilifi.
Copy above forwarded to you. Could you please
do this direct, copy to me, as you know the details.



Kilifi, f. DISTRICT COMMISSIONER.
8/9/59. (Draft by DC).








THE DISTRICT COMMISSIONER,


HOLA,

PRIVATE BAG, P.O. MALINDI.
9th ber, 1959.

The Game Warden,
P.O. Box 34, / 0 I
KILIFI.


WATTA (WASANYE) F -
REF: YOUR LETTER OF 2D SEPTEMBER 1959.
The Watta, in their complete laziness, always complain
of famine. Last year the Watta Bilissa were given free
seed, free jembes, free posho and 25 head of cattle, and
what did they do with it all?
They eat the seed, flogged the posho, complained
about the weight of the jembes, and very nearly killed
the cattle!

{ Upstream the Watta Mulile have been working hard,
and turning away from poaching, and I only wish the
Bilissa were the same.

As for "starving" the answer is no more than
usual! I suggest you harden your heart and refuse
advances.




WHT/RNK. DISTRICT COMMISSIONER,
TANA RIVER DISTRICT, HOLA.


REP: NO. GA.o22/1/61.
















ADM.1/20/99 3 1I / ovember, 59



The Permanont ."ecretanrY
Forest Devalopmaent, Game & Fisheries,
P.O. Box 30027#
N1,IRCBI.

.,ALAKA R-..V GA, ;-- j..G;."T _.,TE.

I refr .o th irt-r-.-- -ort on .h^. I of thia Scheme
s.ibm.ttod by the -e den, Kilifi en,] di-.ted 27th October, 1959.

2. It woil.- aopear that the operation of i'hlso I of this
*chewe up to date shows th, i is Justifirible to pa-.s on to
Phnse 2. Tf you 'r.re '.it' this con~cusion, I hope- that
_rnrn'nor-Ants wi be mwdP to tohi, enT as SOOn a: possible so that
thbe-e can b3 no hiatus b-.;weeyi +he two h.B.ses of tho scheme .
A...:r such hi.Ttuis voi 1,. be mooL urf'ortun..tc as 4'-. Pruker has
pointc d out because -he '-aliangulu woild lose faith in the
Scheme and in ''ovc.rnme-.t's 't3.-, ionB. Th.. ,%.ining of the
confidence of t:,e-te n opic is one of the mot important pre-
reqilsites or the Sc'.erre whi(i, without it, will- be doomed to
failure.

3. I have *eprd rnothing further on this mubject since Mr.
FPrker, the District Commirsioner, Kilifi -,nd I discussed it
with Sir Zvulyn caring et Malindi rnni I would be grateful if
yaa would therefWore serid me a pro.iress recort as soon as
possible.
D. 7. I-IALL

Ag. P0OV IRMAL OOM'-LSTIiOiR
COAST

DWH/HJF.
Copy to District Commissioner, AJllfi
The Game Warden, KilU .
/







\

telegrams: "DISTRIcTER" OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COMMISSIONER
Telephone: 3 P.O. Box 29, KILIFI, KENYA
When replying please quote 2ndA December, ....... 19.
Ref. No. . 22/ / /95/59. ..................
arid date



D.L. V. Sheldriek, Esq., M.B.ZB
P.O. Box 14,
Vundanyi, (
.0. YOI.
.S.O, Parker Esq.,
/0/ The Game *ardez (Headquarters),
Nairobi.

GALUA IB GAXE AAGM SCH .

I forward herewith a copy of a ,0%ter reference
No. 22/4/M/8 dated 21st November, 1959, which I have
received from the Ag. Permanent Secretary, Forest
Development, Game and Fisheries. I should be grateful if
you would reply direct, with a copy to this office.




knolt 1, DI CT CO SSIOR EILIFI.














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The District omiLsasioner,
rruli


GLAFA 9 UM W!v & MtA:AtWI T &flE"


With regard to the easo submitted bVy me to the Treasury
abovemantioned sohes, thfe reasury have Inquired i* it is that
S yieldiAt 4,o000 lbs. of meat yields only 400 lb.. of dry meet and
ge station period of an elephant and how old it should be when it
shot.


2. The purpose of these questions
involved as, for example, if 10% of the
that as the scheme progrese elephants
ivory estimated.


on thn
an elephant
what is tihe
could be


is to consider the eoonoami factors
hard is to be called it may mean
will be shot which will not yield thi


3. 1 am sending three copies of this letter to enable Messrs. Sheldrih
and Parker to comment, if possible, without any undue delay, as I shall cleeo
these queries with the Treastury as soon as possible.


#. JTLVNSOc v


for AG. i-K-4MEiT SEC1iEA.: FOt FOMEST
DELQflib1iT, yGAM & PFISHR4


Cop to; The Provtnoial Cemmaiiomaer,


Ministry of African Affairs9
NAitOB:I.


22/4A/8


,0 .'..












VI


SyewoI












GA. 9/26


The District Commissioner,


GALENA GAMEKilif. /AGET S
GAL.AHA GAME HAENAGEMENT SCHEME.


If you have not already read may I draw your attention to
Hansard page 338 December 9th where the Minster of Finance speaks
about Game trophy revenue.

2. Also page 339 where '-e says "If, as we believe, the first
phase is a success, then the money will be found for phase 2 to go
on and for the scheme to continue."



t, <(. VSkISTWrAM!lLEO


DGO4/SPG.
Copy to 2-
The Game Warden,
SKilifia


DISTRICT OFFICER
MAL ..D I.
















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'I1 je ye,_- s t' ',. :n:'-rounO t' :is re -iest
in 7ura .
I shill bjc .c;--t !atcf' l i: ;Ca Uill arrange
for th, dcra .i. i, jc;a.t.Li to ,)rcm ;' ?d as rc,.ircd,
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he a; k'nW.Gr t'ia ciori.u4 and thr art viti. roA to
tie CLi sadmae has developedd considerably.

iLOe people iriLe ested in he sc:.e az:-

1) io4y Lyal of othe o &aitedyp.aa'rri lubi

2) C. iUil a bi^ raa;ii.er of i5 o isu; interested oinly in
piecing some .onay in con jtanctioa r-trAt Pwt.,

I Gilfred Pwims.

4) an P:Aer.

5) yselef.

I .i1o0 o tioned b:c- :-C: .c-.!.'t t3+ -ialy Vitr. pxiof oarse
"Sine qu-oa'*

It is :ro'f,-lu to hoLd R jr'nce.,tcc: i, 'iro--i -..irn Ilep.nidece
on ,ec& bor 12+th on a -zat&' all u'v convew nie c to you.

',IC oi.uJCC+t of Us QnU e_-.io&- '.ill UoG to aalio :m' dr1eci e an
various Im'pects a: the pxv5.,ect, "Vw.e5.Wit iJo'triia. aw- "-irne
'o dotide *-nia' anj -se on:pi;anjiii r." e ni., to lay some ttetaule
.'-o 'evelo. ijrt..'. ''"o .locide O .'i!J io i 0 ?.~1 ,'i1%.. V-10n. R t 8+st I
a1, the L;oLIt.,;y
The .-i,7 object of01 Jotie o ere'- ,i. ill be to o-'fer to the
.ovornnwi- a naica. e dofil r' n ,rvrtr.;e il "-i of 'i'ia'i
there y be i-a ciliaptoly afterI J 'iF !Pe, nce. j.ee;. ia iJa aind tlLha









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the ,.,vemient. 'ill be ,;--v.vn to ow to 't.oI.i Jho,
co.,'idewco is .tivb.10.. t G0 to e Cou itry.

Trterv) is ,-ip.t hopo tio-t -.h rt- ms o mootbly rLd that the
leans on this 2,`5'WiAX, acre vril; be rto, inal.

'J'o le; in ,itll :..'..,I ouuts rout the uSege lGiri, e onory'lAc
Oat With Eirthe thonii t I 9eli ve teat vit: t -i:old e-ItcrpZri 3e
nv--.i-lail(-., it colAd be u'ie into 1so.et'0.'v, o -.'.- v1l,t.

!o :ese..t .i-"' coisidcr ti1i leter s ".i.'iF!e,'tl.'l

.%y idL'rkiu i .'4Ad to yoa f ll, awl ..tawl is +.io, tthis
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,n--' FOR REMOTE INJECTION OF ANY LIQUID DRUG t-

SPALMER CHEMICAL & EQUIPMENT CO., INC.

KING DRIVE, R.R.4, DOUGLASVILLE, GEORGIA, U.S.A.

"CAP-CHUR" EQUIPMENT Telephone 942-4397 Area Code 404
ED" i s I' -. EP, I'rr-$d nl
J. H. "JEFF" TUCKER, Vice- President



July 23, 1963 ..



Mr. Ian Parker
Galana River Game Management Schem
0 p. O. VoI
Kenya, East Africa

Reference GRS/XXVI

Dear Mr. Parker:

As Mr. Palmer is currently in Australia, I am answering your letter
of July 3, 1963. Unfortunately, I am not personally familiar with your
problems, but I believe we have syringes which will work, particularly in
the 5/8" (63 caliber size). The needle is now set all the way through the
nose plug and is brazed to a stainless steel washer on either side of the
nose plug. This method of construction keeps the needle in the nose plug.
We will send to you a few of these nose plugs to try out.

A copy of your letter will be sent to Mr. Palmer. We expect him back
in the office in September, 1963.

If we may be of any service to you in Mr. Palmer's absence, do not
hesitate to contact us.

Very truly yours,

PALMER CHEMICAL & EQUIPMENT CO., INC.



Jeff2ey H. Tucker,
Vice President

JHT:fh

cc: Harold C. Palmer

p. s. KINDLY NOTE OUR NEW ADDRESS.





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