Ian Parker Collection of East African Wildlife Conservation: The Ivory Trade

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Title:
Ian Parker Collection of East African Wildlife Conservation: The Ivory Trade
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Creator:
Parker, Ian.S.C.
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FRGN TGMS 3
22416 WILTELCOM
*
LT CABLE 5-6-79

HUXLEY
AGFISH
HONG KONG

ELLIOTS CREDENTIALS IMPECCABLE
IS INVESTIGATOR APPOINTED BY HIGHEST AUTHORITY
TO CLEAN UP THE KENYA DEPARTMENT
RECOMMEND COMPLETE CO-OPERATION

RGDS
IAN



FRGN TGMS 3
.22416 WILTELCOM


REF. NO.'?+


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*MM OUR REF.: (7) in CR 20/12i
3MMI YOUR REF.:
ME Tel. No. 3-688111 Ext. 144
XfSOM Cable Address: AGFISH HONG KONG

Dear Mr. Elliot,


All replies must be addressed to
Director of
Agriculture and Fisheries


30


Canton f oan
393
Kowlo


SfNFI ENITIAL

1 AGRICULTL
U DE P


29th June, 1979.


Thank you for your letter of 8th May 1979.
has taken so long to reply.


I am sorry that it


With regard to the shipment of 3,727 kg. of ivory under Ugandan
export permit No. 28973, I am afraid that I do not have much of the information
you are seeking. I do not know who/the principals of either Uganda Arts & Lare
Crafts or Kalawa Export Co. Nor do I know to whom S.F. Jokhi made payment,
or how payment was made. The only question that I can attempt to answer is
whether or not the ivory was really in transit, and even here I can offer
little more than to say that the Airwaybill stated categorically that the
shipment was in transit. In the light of this, and with the lack of any
evidence indicating to the contrary, we had to accept that it was in transit.

I am sorry that I cannot offer more help on this, but I am afraid
that this was one of the shipments which appeared suspicious but which I did
not have time to investigate further. I might add that I have regarded the
dealings of Uganda Arts & Crafts as being highly suspect for some time, but
we are more or less unable to do anything about it at this end unless we
have something concrete to go on. In this respect, I am hoping that we might
make some progress soon since a company (C. HASHANS) have recently applied for
licences to import ivory from Uganda Arts & Crafts/Kalawa Export Co. and if
these shipments do arrive the documentation will undergo very careful scrutiny.
Unfortunately, it seems possible that they have been frightened off, but if the
ivory does come to Hong Kong I will keep you informed of developments.

Yours sincerely,


R.T. Elliot, Esq.,
c/o R. Goodwin
Box 44599,
Nairobi,
Kenya.


( M.J. Lewis )
for Director of Agriculture & Fisheries


JRE & FISHERIES
kRTMENT
SGovernment Offices
Canton Road
12th floor
on, Hong Kong







1, T. ELLIOTT.
'7


o/o R. Goodwin, Bsq.*j
P.0. Box 44599,
NAIROBI,
KEUTAi &ST AFRICA
19th July, 1979.


CONFIDDJTIAL



Xo. N0 Jo LewieS
Agriculture & Fisheries Department,
393, Canton BDoad,
12th Floor,
SKOWLOON,
SHONG KOsOG.


Dear Br. LeWAs
Thank you very much for your
1979, Def. (7) In ca 20/1280.

Z wou4d be grateful to reoeti
zExport Permit Soo 28973 In respect of the 31


letter dated 29th June,

re a Photostat of Ugandan
r27 110. of ]wCMy.


I will keep you fully postedt as soon as I have
evidence that oan be substantiated regarding the various Companies
mentioned In your letter all of whom ae under Investig atioo here*

Z appreciate very much your help and co-operation.
The fewer persons who are aware of the context of our oorrespondenoe,
the better 44

Yours sincerely,

Axel








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IF THIS AEROdRAMME CONTAINS ANY ENCLOSURE
OR BEARS ANY ATTACHMENT IT MUST BEAR POSTAGE
AT THE RATE FOR AIR MAIL LETTERS


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1979
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f NI-ni ]I.N iAj L -* """
BY AIR MAIL U H EN''L A

S a AGRICULTURE & FISHERIES
DEPARTMENT
AL 9 A A M A V 1 ? Canton Road Government Offices
393 Canton Road
W A M V All replies must be addressed to 12th floor
Director of Kowloon, Hong Kong
Agriculture and Fisheries
*a0 OUR REF.: (9) in CR 20/1280 8th August, 1979.
%9f YOUR REF.: -
%g Tel. No. 3-688111

%ft, S Cable Address: AGFISH HONG KONG


Dear Mr. Elliott,

Thank you for your letter of 19/7/79. I now enclose a
photocopy of the Ugandan export permit as requested. I hope this will
help in your enquiries.

There have been no further developments in this field since
I last wrote to you, so it looks as if the companies involved may have
been frightened off, at least at this end.

I look forward to hearing from you if you have any success.


YoU s erel



Huxley )
for ,irecto of Agriculture & Fisheries

Mr. R.T. Elliott,
c/o R. Goodwin, Esq.,
P.O. Box 44599,
Nairobi,
Kenya, East Africa.


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Serial No. w' 293 ., ; .
Serial No .....:..,; :J.. i]:.. ."


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ORIGINAL!


-LICENCE TO PURCHASE AND EXPORT -GAME TROPHIES
TIssued under section 10 of the Act)


1' 2AM1ALA
Date..
Pff '0K.^ '-'^ :''*'*- ;l" ** "; :*^ 'FO KALA
. '.*':**. -** ..* * **.. '* * ** : * 1 ^ : '.'. ****;*On t o* * A


Mr/Mrs/Miss. IAWQA ARTS *CRAFTS LTD36 PO.80X 3ARUA FOR KALAWA
.MsM ss . .......* C*C *4


"."':!O.., 'NAIROBI .. ....holder of this lnce,,is pemtt edto prchasa
S'. :: to..;.....'pu.,h,. ..
export* 2 CS 3627.8 XKGS RAW, IORY
and 542 ..... V "......without contravening.


-the provisions of the above Act


" 0 .' m" hre .. n"1ure of th.


(R.~ 1S~.


THE GAME (PRESERVATION AND CONTROL) ACT


THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA


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c:..: overing ...

GAME TROPHIES FOR EXPORT


KAMPALA
PLACE .,,*....... .,... ,.. ,.... i. ,...


T. 15.2.1979 *,
DATE* l l .... .,* .


I hereby certify that the Game Trophies herein described
Below have in my opinion been obtained legally in accordance with
the Game Trophies Act and that the said Game Trophies have been
licensed for export.


DESCRIPTION NO. OF PIECES OR PKGS WEIGHT

RAW IVORY 542 PCS 3,627.8 KGS




Identification marks HKG/9/79
Identification marks


C sgn UGANDA ARTS CRAFTS LTD., P.O.BOX 136 for KALAWA EXPORTERS CO.,
Consignor e@*sooe* q*e*#*O0o**o**&*e oeeaS0eogogao 411* 0 aeo o**Co..>,
.anld P.O. BOX 16194 NAIROBI ,
Addressie ********.***** .*** .***********
'S.F." JOKHI
consignee S.F,,. OH *,*o* o..*oo** . lo~.o..o.. ...lO.O.. .. .oo.;, .,
and 38 WNDYMN STREET, HONGKONG i :
A address *d***e*************.-
Conveyed by.,.,. *l.,..0,0.. ..... 28973 of 15.2.1979
Licence No ........ ..... ****...****** ,.0,.,0l*...o0***o,.*** : ..... :


(Shipping Marks) e SgtDuF KrKe '. ..


.OM.S. Sigatre M-

..,.,y-^ .^n ,,, Name ...l ,iA i?, ; '
"^^^/W?"^" ^ ./7J '/ Authorised ,1. i


Original to Consignee
Duplicate to Chief of Vessel /
'Triplicate to Consignor
Quadruplicate to Commissioner of
Customs & Excisej Uganda,
P. 0. Box 444
S MALA.. UGAND


-I ~


REPUBLIC OFi UGANDA :
'MINISTRY OF ANIMAL RESOURCBS '
GAME DEPARMENT .

OFFICIAL" GAME TROPHIES INSPECTION CERTIFICATE


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17th August, 1979.

e. i. Ruzier, baq.
law f* Huxeyj i sq* 9
Plat 4 0 xAv 13! 1oi,
NM TERRZITORIE8S
nMTO KOq




Dear xro lbxier,
"ask yea vewy Woh for your letter 0t
23rd 41Tu, 1979 I a sorry not to have answvred sooner
but have beeo exoessiveoly bust
Not tO wotoV IX really sad appreciate
S youw problem*. X have bees uaing official lines ot oonawi--
oation wheas possible, but this oftea results Is matte
being shelved o0 blown before one has got aywheres I
Z hall be pleaseed if you will keep a sharp ey out for
Ivory or hino oa arrIVtawI g you end via Vw ( Germany or
ditzerland. I know definitely of 4,000 Kilos whiob was
released ex Went Germanwy recently that had originated is
Kenya. I have written for an 'kxplaaation' from the
German Authorities but doubt if I will get anywhere as Z
suspect this was SOw* Inter-Govenmneat detal
Anything you a' able to send to O wi 11
be treated on the basis of 'my eyes only' and if Z can be
of assistance to you at this end, oe the same basis for
'your eyes only', jus% say so.
Your letter as greatly appreciated*
lag Is away at present but way be back
S soon when X shall so him. I vaderstand he has another
S trip planned very soon buqt I don't know, as yet, which way
he will be beading S
1ou regards, ad bet wishes,
Yours,





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CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH I AM WILLING TO SERVE IN THE WILDLIFE
MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT.


1. That the recommendations being made in the Report currently
being prepared be accepted, implemented and agreed to in a meeting
arranged by you which will include all those detailed by you.

2. That the period I serve would be reviewed by me from time to
time and the decision to withdraw my services can be made
without predjudice to my former job, and salary, at any time
that it is clear that unsuffioient progress in achieving the
aims of my post is not being made.

3. My duties will commence on the 1.3.79., provided all conditions
laid down have been met and agreed on by that time.


4. It must be clearly understood and agreed that it will be
necessary to engage the expatriate staff listed on the separate
list, with the seniority I recommend.

5. Acceptable housing arrangements be made.


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-' >,k^ CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH I WOULD BE WILLING TO SERVE IN THE
WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT.




1. My rank in the Department would be second in command, but .
all my recommendations in relation to the reorganisation
of the Department and all general executive decisions issued
by me, will be accepted and implemented promptly by the ;
Director. ( My office to be situated immediately adjacent
to that of the Director.)


2. I will be responsible through the Director, for all hiring
and firing of Department staff.
All promotions and discharges in the Department will be i
Effected promptly and within one month of my recommendation.

/ 3. A new disciplinary code of conduct will be prepared and made "
V effective within three months of my commencing work. .


4. The Department would be reorganised on the lines t recommend
^ and will be implemented on 1.7.79., or sooner.


\5 The Salary/Personnel sections be reorganized immediately
\ on the lines I propose, and would include the effective
solving of all outstanding true grievences of both ex Park
and ex Game Department personnel. It would be necessary to
create new grades of certain staff and these must beeffected
by 1.7.79. All Jiank salaries due, must also be paid by
~ ~31. 12.


\ 6. No transfer of Officers or men will occur without my signature...<

7. Financial Funding proposals will be necessary for the
supplementing of staff salaries, or the correction of /
\. outstanding faults in vehicles, equipment and radios etc.,
and the purchase of new equipment will be accepted and
implemented..






-2-





8. That all licenses as detailed below must be approved and initialled
by me before issue:-

a) All Game Licences.
b) All Trapper's Licences.
c) All Trapping Licences.
d) All Permits of Legal Possession.
e) All Export Permits.


9. It follows that I must have free access to all the above licence
books and records. L


10. All Game Trophies including ivory and rhino horn, will he handed
b over to the Ivory Room under arrangements approved by me, for /
sale to overseas buyers under terms as laid down by me.
The procedures for receipting trophy entries into the Trophy
Register will follow old procedures laid down, pending introduction
of the new systems.


11. All trophies currently held in Trophy Dealers and Shops are frozen,
pending decisions as to their disposal. ...


12. All purchase and allocation of all vehicles and aircraft will be
approved by me.

11. Purchase, issue and withdrawal of all firearms and ammunition will
only occur with my signed approval.


12. Purchase, issue and withdrawal of all radios will only occur with
my signed approval.

I That officers being selected and sent to represent the

Ministry of Tourism & Wildlife and, or the Department of
Wildlife Management and COtmation at conferences/ Meetings/
Overseas or in Kenya,be app moved and briefed by me before beig
Appointed or sent.
14 Recruitment of Scouts/Rangers.for the Wildlife Department and
particularly Field Forces cannot be restricted to men of certain
stapdairds .of education
i5 Officers recommended for promotion by me must be quickly
processed into their new grades. V/
16 Persons reccomended to you by me for promotion 6n to Honary
Warden Status must be speedilly processed.
I












Draft for Director


12th February, 1979


To whom it may concern


Major R.T. ELLIOTT has been appointed as my Personal Executive
assistant, and I have, instructed him to take such measures as may
be necessary.,through the respective Wardens ,to arrest the serious
poaching situation that has arisen throughout Kenya with particular
regard to the Aberdare National Park and the MeruNational ark
areas.

All Government officers.are requested to give him maximum assistance
co-operation.



J.K. MUTINDA
(Director)






MINISTRY OF TOURISM AND WILDLIFE


Telegrams: "Wildlife" Nairobi
Telephone: Langata 891601 7
When replying please quote

Ref:No.. A. .4./?.
and date


WILDLIFE CONSERVATION AND
MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT
P.O. Box 40241,
NAIROBI, KENYA
.......14t.h.. Feb.r .ary., 19..79


To Whom It May Concern:


Major R.T. Elliott who is employed by Mr. C. Parfet
of Solio Ranch Limited, Box 2, Naro Moru has very kindly
agreed to assist in putting forward suggestions for arresting
a very serious spate of poaching of animals that has recently
occurred in the Aberdare National Park. Mr. Jens Hessel will
also be assisting in this task.

I would request that all Government officers heed and
implement any suggestions that he may make to them immediately,
since he will be asking with my authority in this matter.




MINISTRY OF TOURISM AND WILDLIFE


, Telegrams: "GAME", Nyeri
Telephone: Nyeri 2575
When replying please quote
Ref. No ................
and date


WILDLIFE CONSERVATION AND
MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT
CENTRAL DIVISION
P.O. Box 494
NYERI, KENYA
...... -..-. .. ,9. .


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COHPIFIJETiALo


Mr. J. lutinda,
The Director,
Wildlife Conemrvation &
SP.O. Box .40241,
* fAIOBI.


Management Dept.,


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Dear. John,


Herewith Memo of points for clarification at our Meeting
.on 2.4.79. .....
.. 4 r.. -.. ,-.4.
SALARY ARRARSt I .till have not been paidjq back salary and .gratuity
due-to for my contract of 1974 to 1977. -1 understand this delay in
payment is now due. to failure of your office to issue the necessary
clearance certificate, which I requested in a copy of a letter to $bm
Permanent Secretary, Ministmy of Tourism of the 11.3.79, and which the
Kinietry requented.urgently in their letter, Reference Per/19592/6
of the 14.1.79. Please state what the position is at present, since
.it in now two years overdue and I feel this payment must be settled
before signing a new contract. '

L ,TE OF RESPOISIBILITSi I refer to yu, draft letter which
Mr. Cb Parfet holds for. me, giving my responsibilities and br4ef..o
You -stated you iAshed to have this retyped with a copy for me. v
Pleasbe ay I have this retyped letter now, as it in nearly two months
since we agreed on this?

CORTACT. My oohtrfot was due on 1.3.79 and then promised on'1.4.79.
*Is it now ready?


HOUSING -
to 1.4.79.
occupation.


EAIROBIi My house wais promied for 1.3.7) then amended
Please confirm that it is now cleared and ready for MY


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VEHICLE: What vehicle have you available, for me and from whom do I
collect it? Tou will recall you promised e a ..Range Rover. I assume
full servicing facilities will be available?

MY STAFF: I shall require the following staffs


a)
:t
c)
d)
e)


Shorthand. Typis.t
Driver
Spt/Ranger
RCpl/anger
Rangers


- 1
- 1
- 1
- 1
- 2


OFFICEs I reouuat an office close to yours. (Ex-deputy Directors)
so an to shorten communications between us. Has this been arranged?
I shall also require the necessary office .s4aipment for my use. :

FIRA2Su I shall require firearms and ammunition for my staff and
myself as and when requiredd.

g[3sAFB. I' shall r uire one 'large safe in -y house. Please' make the
necessary arrangements.

SECURITY OF MY HOUSE. I shall require staff for this duty and will detail
my needs after I have examined the house allocated..


Yours sincerely,

Ar


- er


. -. '. ..

o/o Solio Ranch Ltd..
'P.O. Box 2,
Naro' Moru.

29.3.79.




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& Ranageant Dept.,


I require some information whioM will enable -e to-advise
Y ou on .how best sto reqganIze and revitaliSe te. Department. I should
appreoiate your providing -e with information on the following matter;
, by thestth April 1079, without fail.

1. A full list of all Officers of the W.C*R., Dept., giving:-

b, a) Their present ran'k.
b) Present station, or Dost. '


o) What are their duties. -

2. A detailed list of the precise duties of all. L.Q., Officer Staff. ..


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SBank vehi
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st of.all Department vehicles giving full details as


Division to wkbioh issued..
t o) fp mT ake of vehiole
It) .K.number.
0) 'Pr.seAt mileage.
Sd) Ye*ar obtained.


e) Present station. at whioh based. ',

lee on order, giving type and delivery dates. All Woiid'.-"'.
cles in.IPuded in sections 3 and 4 should be listed as s ach. "
sure that we consult fully before-any vehicles are allocated.;

.at of all Department vuapim giving full details a- follows:


Division to which issued.
a) .ake. .
b). -Calibre.
o Serial number (ensure that bolt and barrel nauber:,
S are the sam.)


all matters referred to in your litter of the 31.1.79. ,
. WCXD/CONF.2Z/2/iA we shall consult fully before any .aotioz


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tours sincerely',


'4'
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Mr, .I lutinda,
The' Diroector,
Wildlife Conservatign
P.O. d p' x 40241,
NAIROBI.






Dear John,.


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P.O. Box 2,-
Nero Aor.4 :

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.) /-, i L .
CONFIDENTIAL


MEMORANDUM /
Vf I

From: R. T. Elliott Date: 6th November, 1979

To: J. Irwin Subject: OUTSTANDING MATTERS



The following matters remain outstanding, and if I am to
be able to submit an adequate final report, these points
must be dealt with between now and the 15th November, 1979
at the latest.

1. Airway Bills Nairobi and Mombasa

2. Search warrants for documentation of
(a) SAS
(b) Lufthansa
(c) KLM

3. I refer to my internal memo (confidential) a copy of which
is attached for ease of reference. This was handed in
in August 1979 (Dated 28/8/79). Action is still awaited.

4. Reply to my.Interpol questions through Mr. Sokhi/L. Musa.

5. Reply to "ou{r"letter to Insurance Company re: UNDP vehicle
suggest an office or rwoare sent to obtain.
eoL 6. Reply to our letter to West Germany regarding the 4000 kgs.
of ivory.- /v -- P2 4000.

7. Nairobi Airport Ivory case I spoke with you on the 31/10/79
re: this. C./I. L. Musa states Mr. Pravin Maru is essential
to this case. Has anyone looked into how he was allowed to
exit? Has anyone been brought to book for failing to arrest
the other Lufthansa employee and has he been picked up now?
If not what urgent steps are being taken to apprehend him?
May we have his full name and known particulars so Asst.
Commissioner Nddmbuki can assist to apprehend im?

8. You will recall the "fuss" I made over a secure filing
cabinet and how I felt this HQ was wide open to trespass
and said so to the Commissioner. My point is now accepted. .

9. I thimk it is important that Mr. Ruhiu be pulled in shortly
and questioned by a Senior Officer such as Asst. Commissioner
F. Ndambuki. I am prepared to prepare a questionnaire for
the purpose
--- ....../2
.. /2 9*f .








CONFIDENTIAL


10. 'T' have prepared a second questionnaire for the Hon. Minister
but think that this had better wait until until we have the
2 replied, from Germany and have questioned Mr. Ruhiu first.

11. You were going to.,pursue the question of the Hon. Minister's
Bank Account with Mr. Shapi did you do so? If so what
progress?, C / / / f,
/-"-^U A, jrtx"/^/^ ^ G-
12. You will recall sometime back, that I wanted to go out in
one of the pick up's presented by the World Wildlife Fund
but had to get your blessing for Ag. I/P J. Otieno to
drive me as all authorised drivers were out. Cannot such
officers get automatic clearance for such occasions, and I??




f -) / I'/ / ,


R.T. ELLIOTT


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"" UuF.Jm ./,l',,,Lab .
0 o/o Solo0. G ame Ranch,
P.O. Box 2,
iADiO OR.U.
Attention Mr. 4. IrwiA,
6th Narh '79-.



The Deputy Direotor,
y: :C.I.D., .Q., *
Soe/ Force Police L.Q.,
Box 30083,
SAIROSI.




Dear Jack,

* I an beginning to take a look at the VILDLIF) ACT 10.l
of 197
On dednesday 28th February '79 1 called at the C.I.D.,
Headquarters to ask Mr. lMth to let me have his i as as to what
were the faults or osiasion. of the present Act. Unfortunately.
both he and youraelf were out, o I left a meOsag with the man
I believe is hia 2nd. i/o to ask hi to urgently send off anything
that he had noted as needing to be dealt with.

SAt present I have the following faults under review, but
will be most grateful to receive any additional points that either
e. o'or you onr others, feeool should cooe ina for review. Please treat ,
as urgent as I propose to forward my ideas to the lawyers at least
O by the Cloae of this aonth, and hopefully they w11i get it to the
Attorney general's Chamber" by the ooe of April t79 at the latest.

I understand what is known as a side letter was written
by the World Bank on the question of Anti-Poaoching and Gam Trophies
and will be grateful to receive a copy or photostat of this if you
have it?
our sincerely,




R.?. ILLIOTT.


o0o. X. Goes,
Officer i/o Anti Poaching Units. Please forward to me any points
you wish covered.

c.o. Maj. I. Orimwood, ( I know your were working on this Act at the
Limuru. time of your retirement and will be most grated
ful for any assistance, notes, comments etc.,
you can make. If you can come and stay here,
or at Nairobi Park if or when I get there,
so much the better.








asv-aiONs MaUaIaD IN MLTm.R AT 1o.1 O 1976.


ACT No.1 of 1976 (The WildlifA o Conservation and Nag eenat) Act 1976.


I. OznAAn of Penalties

Be. One tus* for eaoh tum* z She.
One Leopard skin l U .....

2. Forfeiture Clause.

At present .( I uand retani) no provision h1a been made fo'
the forfeiture of Airorf t, Vehioleos, to., oauht transporting
ivory eto., outside of a Park and olausem to ooreot this and
similax oases will be neoedaury.

163 Stea.d tit Penalties'
a) madtory Goal sentanoes for certain offence..
U) Forfeitam of Trading lioenoeao
** '" + ) for ,eitu o o -f Land. .. '- ...." .',

d)'
...... o ^ *' '* ) "o .*" z v, ^ m *' '' '/ ;



4. Provision fox National v, Nature Reserves and Looal
.. *, San.t..a.ies. * *..







P.O.Box 45C79,
Tairobi.

14th.Varch 1979




Dear Rodney,
Fany thanks for the copy of your letter to Irwin and for the opportunity
to have my say about revisions necessary to the wildlife act.
I have been wanting for some time to write to you to say how glad I am that wildlife
affairs are going to be in your capable hands but have had a superstitious feeling
s eaien
that to do so before everything is selaed and delivered might result in a spanner
in the works. However it now 'nnears that your appointment is at least semi-public
(or so I judge from your letter) so I can safely congratulate you. It is a hell of
a task you are taking on, but one well worth busting your guts on and one there is
no person better qualified than you to make a success of. $o good lucid with it -
and may it not lead to ulcers! Needless to say, if I can ever help in any way just
let me know.
I enclose some hasty notes on the wildlife act. They arise from a quick and late
night perusal of the Act so are ill expressed and perhaps not comprehensive. However
they are the best I can do at the moment because I am paying an unexpected visit to
1hailand in a few days time and have a lot to get sorted out beforehand. If I think
of any more points I will let you know about them when I get back towards the end of
April and hope that won't be too late.
I would like to have seen some obligatory minimum restrictions applying to an area
before it could be gazetted a National Reserves but after considerable thought cannot
think of any improvement on the present arrangement. In theory it is sensible to
leave it to the Tinister to make the best bargain he can, but will all Ministers have
the sense to know what 'is essential or will someone debase the whole concept by
agreeing to a National Reserve in which people still want to live or graze their
livestock or perhaps even cultivate? I suppose in the long run the effectiveness of
any law depends on the calibre of the people who are going to operate it, so there is
little point trying to tie down matters too tightly.
Another matter I haven't mentioned in the notes is the apparent lack of 1an in
r :11 tin
the Act the^conceSsions that were being issued in Trust Land before hunting was
banned. They couldn't have been made under Sec. 29, which refers to Private Land
only and if the concessionaire bought the hunting rights for the season to whom did
the specified Area Fees go? I don't think it very important as long as the system
was working well, but it might be as well to have a legal basis for it and the whole
matter is obscure to a mere reader of the Ac+.
Once again congratulations and the best of luck in the new job. 1811 try to contact
you as soon as I get back and hore that you will be in Wairobi by than.
Yours ever,







~ JIjALJJAOO~
^/^^WIA

CU I





COCM'MN S ON TW'Y WILDLIFE (CO' RVTr VT TANAr,'rm) kCT 197,



Section 2 The present definition of "animal" makes n nonsense of many otber sections
e.g,. Sec.135 makes it an offence to swat a mosquito in a national Park, and 7ec. 7
makes it illegal to own or use a fishing net. Should bt redefined as "any vertebrate
animal, including the young and eggs thereof, but excluding fish, human beings and
animals of domestic species".
However the legislation should cover a wider tange of animals in nat.Parks and nat.
reserves, particularly in the case of marine nat.parks and those containing fresh water
lakes like 'Takuru end Illeret. Therefore sugrcst the addition of another definition
aquaticc life", defined as "fish and all forms of invertebrate animals that spend
at least Dart of their life cycle in water, be it fresh or The sea" (or words to that
effect) and the consequent replacement of the phrase "any animal" with the phrase
"any animal or aquatic life" in the sections referring to nat.parks, reserves, etc.
(i.e. Sees. 13 2C). '-his w-ill give legal protection to corals, sea she! Is,
anemonies, etc., which mniine narks are mainly concerned with, and similarly to th
lower for-.s of life in the lakes and rivers of terrestrial na ionnlparks nd reserves.
"' .B. T think seaweeds, as algae, are coverc-d by the nreFcnt definition of vegetation",
but this nerds checking. 'f not the definition can be altered to suit by a'7ing "
including sea weeds and other aquatic plants".
Section 9 Proviso. 'hc reference to nara. (i) is nresumnlbly a mTisprint for para.n.).
'ven so would like to see it made cle:7 here that the lessee of a lodge, and his
employees, are still completely bound by the provisions of Sec. 1, e.g. damage to
vegetation, introduction of erotcs, etc.
Sec.9 (2) (i) also seems idiotic iyxiksf despite aprearirg in nearly all ".r."ric-n
Parks legislation. (. o want:- rows of r`>it hutches and tree s-dling- in a onark?'
.'uggec-t would read better as "zone the park into areps vhich ar to be kent as strict
Kxxkxsxfxxs natural areas to which d11 entry is prohilited: areas to which the
public may be allowed entry and arcas which arr reserved for scientific study, Nefitmx
] x~xz xaxiarxz x* kaskxiioyrxrxjrszwSxxx m~xatm ri x^SSBxyx73.xxxxxx
for administrative or simiTar purposes, or to allow ecosyst-rs to recover froRF previous
damage". (Could be improved in wording with' thought).
action 13 (1) Replace phrase "hunts any -nimal" with hurts, dan"ages or endangers
any animal or aquatic life".
Section 13 (3) Important omissions are:-
(i) "Poisons or pollutes and water in or flowing into a n.rk;
(ii)" dams, alters or in any way intrrferers with the natural flow of water in or into
a nat.nark; "
(iii) "allows any domestic animal to stray into a nat.parl:" (This could be tacked
onto txis+ing para. (3)(f).
Other improvements would be:-
(iv) Cut existing (d' short at "within a nat.Park" and add a new para; 0 collects,
removes, or attempts to remove from a nat.park any animal, aquatic life, or plant,
alive or dead; any trophy or animal or vegetable matter; or any mninerable
substance including soil or stone";
(v) Change existing (h) to "Cuts, carves, paints or otherwise defaces or damages
any tree, rock, building sign or other object within a nat.nark, be it natural
or otherwise";
(vi) existing (j) can be left out with the proposed aniendment to Sec.1 (1)
(vii) add two more raras. "discards any tin, bottle, paper or other refuse in a nat.
park other than in a receptacle provided for the purpose", and "fails to obey
the lawful orders of an officer of the service within a nat.arrk".
I'T.P. T now see these nre ovrred in the Ro-,ulations on P.A9-50 luit T think ti.ey
kand rerhars so-e of the others) could wel.1 come forward irto the main Acet.
(viii) I suppose existing (b' does prevent foresti7" activities ,iut in view of the
attitude of the Forest Dert. as I knew it, and its activities in the Thimba ills
and elsewhere, I would like to see the prohibition more clearly statd,. Perhanrs
existing (i) could be altered to read "clears, cultivates or breaks up for
cultivation, or carries out any forestry practices in a national nark".




2.
section 16 () (b) '"he word "reside" looks odd, narticlarly as residing is nrohihb-
ited under Sec. 13. ',bould permissionn to enter, camp or lodge in a na+.park" look
better?
Section 17 This looks very weak, although technically it does not conflict with
13 (3) (f) and the proposed addition concerning allowingg animals to stray into a nat.
park. nevertheless s T think it would be better to rephrase it. "Any domestic animal
found in a national park may be impounded by 'n officer.of the service anrt the owner
thereof shall comply with any penalty imposed under Sec.13 and nrove ownership before
it is returned to himt"?
P kRT IVT Control of Thunting. It is not clear That form Game licences tn17e and
what thp fees to be raid are. 'The Came Licence farm on r.e? of t+p tct. RNrzsxx
does not mention what the holder may hunt but merely says where yet the fees set
out on p.67 say he has got to rpy up to Th.2,000 for it! Cn the other hand the
the Third schedule on p.6F shows both a licence Pee and an Area Fee a-sinst almost
all the game anirmals except the few on "9. The only interpretation I can put on it
is that the licence holder pays thr enormous fee to hunt the few animals listed pn
p.69 and that all the rest are now what we used to call Special Licence animals for
which individual licences have to be taken out on some form wAx of which no example
is given. I am all in favour of this, but the way it is set out is ouite incom-
prehensible to an ignoramous like me even with nast experience in the Game Dent'
N.B. By presumably an error itis not an offense to shoot a trevy's zebra since it
is not listed is a protected animal or game animal in 2Sgfr1xx the "ir-t or Third
Schedules on pp. 44-47 (although fees are listed for it in the other ihird Schedules
on p.68). Presumably this will become a Protected Animal now"
Tt seems illogical to allow Oribi and Reedbuck on a general licence since neither
is widespread or common.
PART LV Capture. It appears that a Game Licence now entitles the holder to either
capture or kill an animal (since both terms are included in the definition of "hunt")
aoxtaixaxthxsaxmfmxfarxhm*t and to nay the same fee for doing either. This
is logical in theory but not so desirable in nractiseas it leaves the way open for
anyone to grab a live animal, keep it under the most miserable conditions and try
to hawk it as a pet or sell it to a professional trainer. It is true Sec.23 ()
requires must hunters (i.e. canturers) to be accompanied by a Professional hunter,
but few of those know anything about capture anyway. Also the main law does not
cater for the legitimate needs of the professional trapper since the number of game
animals he may capture is limited to one of each and wauxiaf Sec. 34 prohibits
most of the normal methods of capture, (chase by vehicle, nets, snares, nits, etc.
but not by capchur gun, which ought to be included in Sec.34) so the only way of
handling the legitimate live animal trade is by Sec. 26. It would therefore seem
desirable to separate capture from hunting to kill and to bring in a separate
Capture Licence procedure again.
General looseness in drafting concerning the use of the terms "animal". Game animal"
and game bird"
e.g. Sec.22 (why separate game birds in sub-sec. (2)?
Sec.25 implies that no need to keep game register for birds and that there is no
limit on the number of birds that may be shot despite birds being included in
Sec.24. Should be provisions for imposing bag limits.
Sec.27 (b) makes it illegal for anyone not a professional hunter to assist in the
hunting of game birds yet Sec.23 (35) requires a professional hunter's presence
only in the hunting of game animals. (Sec.27 (2) alro only mentions game animals'
Sec.31 mentions only game animal whereas presumably should include game bird.
Sec.35 (4) allows game birds to be shot from a vehicle.
Sec.37 allows the Minister to prohibit the hunting o game animals not game birds.
Also praxind fails to make it illegal to disobey such a prohibition only
the use of prohibited weapons. & 's *., & .v LY z 'n
Sec, 39 Sub-sec (1) (b) is technically redundant since protected animals and game
animals alive or dead, are included in the definition of trophyy".





3.
nonsenses arising from present definition of trophyy"
Present wording implies that "fish or other aquatic life" are either nrotectod animals,
game animals or game birds and that consequently every live or dead fish (or shell'
requires a certificate of ownership: 'ur-st live animals should definitely be excluded
from the term "'trophy". If my su.r-rstion concerning the definition of "aquatic life"
be accented "trophy"coul d then include the carcase of any protected animal, gpme animal
or game bird, and any bone, claw, etc. aSxaa xNixbraimxkrx1Kix4 or any durable portion
of any such animal or bird, or the durable portion of any aquatic life, etc.
'his however would require certificates of ownership for shell necklaces, etc. which is
probably ,Toinr too far. Tt would therefore be necessary to state the kinds of aquatic
life included in the term "trophy" (i.e. corals, cowries, etc.) or, bet+rr still,
have another schedule of protectedd aquatic life ay7-
The inclusion of live animals in the term trophy makes very confused reading of much


of PAPT V e.g. Sec.4P moxk does not secm to have live animals in mind and it has
been necessary to separate live animals in Sec. 45 although it would appear to be
unnecces[.ary in 45 '3)) and'4P. It would therefore seem simpler to deal with live
animals separately, as in the case of capture.
PefRT V in general
Now that Venya has annou need her intention of acceedinr to CITTF (Convention &n Tnt-r-
national Trade in Endangered speciess of Wild "auna and `lora, lashnfgton 197)1 it will
be necess-ary to rewrite this Bart to conform with- the requirements of that Convention.
(Could lend copy if not in your possession).
I.n. I think thep'e is a legal ruling from somewhere th-t te-np such as protected or
game animals, and durable parts covered by the term tronhy, ear only refer to the
sHaafiX~ara xsw country's own fauna, i.e. that Sec.40 could not be made
to cover say the antlers of red deer or ifixxa the ivory of Tndian elephants, or the
horn of Indian rhinos. ':'his is worth checking, because p-t-t---15ro dias Aith the
trade in a lot of non-frican animals. Tf T am righ+ it also makes the b reert 1 ?w
pretty weak as it does not prevent the importation ard, flodinr the local market with
ivory from say %-iinanr i- or 7,-andas

Back to comments on individual sections.
Sees. 3C and X1
1Although the point is covered by Sec.39 (l)3c) I would lik' to see it clearly stated
here that the carcases of such animals are -overuient trorhies. "he killing of fag e
animals under .1 should also, in my opinion, hr reported. C',e birds could alo be
nd'cd -to 31.
7ec. 34 Carchur mrns should( be at least cor.'rol ecl nrrhars by a d 4'inilion of "poison"
to include any substance capable of anaesthetising or otherwise ficecting the metatolism
of an animal? :-as the use of non-noisoned bows an:-1 arrows now been deliberately
le:'rlisel? Since 34 (1) (b) arplies to "any animal" (vi) makes the use or possession
of a mousetrap or rat poison illegal (better let it rest with the er'-or on the. side of
the conservationists') (v) might make even the ,ossession or a mosouito not illepgal
with the present definition of "animal", if keninf- mosquitos away can be regarded as
hunting them! I
tec.40 the mention of ivory and rhino horn is tchnically r-pundnt- since both are
trophies. he specification of unmanufactured ivory "ndc horn is also mislea,ng since
manufactiired horn and ivoiy are also tronT'ies.
Sec. 40 I repeat doubt if (4) and (5) can be made to apply to the trophies of animals not
occurring in Fenya, or even to specimens from another country of spa'. which do occur
in Yenya, although the specific rcmention if ivory and rhino horn may cover those t'-o
commodities.
nec. 42 (1) conflicts with 4C(l) since it requires a certificate of ovnershin for ivory
or rhino horn "of any descrintion" whereas 4C(l) only requires the importer to obtain
a certificate of ownership for manufacturedd ivory and horn.
Lec.44 (2)_ It should be an offence to receive as well ns to transfer.
"ec. 47 would prefer to see possession and all dealings irn meat ill egal except where
nermit+ed by the ministerr in order to make apprehension n-d conviction of poachers
easier.
Sec. 47 Thoul.d the minister not be -iven powers to vary the Schedul es in this section?





changess in gine animals is covered by 67 (c) but additions to the protected list do not
appear to be specifically covered anywhere.
Cec. 49 (2) (b) and (c) 'add aircraft?
Sec. 52 would make it nearerer if it ws str'ted that the fortPiturr is in addition to
ard other Tniunishment awarded.
Sec.53 the term wild game sounds odd and is not clear if it refers to g--me animals
as defined in the laws of other countries or of Yenya. Tild -ni-als should surely
be sufficient?




P. 187


OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONER OF POLICE

Telegrams: "Vigilance", Nairobi Police Headquarters
Telephone: Nairobi "4'tX .3 35124 P.O. Box 30083
When replying please quote Nairobi
^ Nairobi
&f. No, Kenya
o.,d d CP/MISC/74-8/VOL. I /71 eya
t 14th.Sept-ember19 ..79
CONFIl6EN^IAL



Mr. R.T. ELLIOTT,
Supt. Kenya Police Reserve,
C.I.D. Headquarters,
NAIROBI.




CONFIDENTIAL ENQUIRIES
MINISTRY OF TOURISM AND WILDLIFE


This is to confirm that I have directed you to
undertake Special Confidential Enquiries on behalf of
his Excellency the President and that Reports on this
matter must be brought to my personal attention.








I(B.M. Geth i)
COMMISSIONER OF POLICE


CONFIDENTIAL




P. 187


OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONER OF POLICE

Telegrams: "Vigilance", Nairobi Police Headquarters
Telephone: Nairobi 24 ,("x 1",5124 'P.O. Box 30083
When replying please quote Nairobi
Ref. No. Kenya
i 1 ,:cp/MTcr/7A.-R0/vO T.TT/71 e
I I Ai-h ..Sort rihe rIl 9!...79
~ i1
C , !'.. . T-




Mr. P.T. FT.TTOTTj
cSinf. Kenya Poli.ee Reserve,
r.T.I). headquarters,
NATROIAT.




CONFT)P, NTTAT NOUITTZ TES
MTNTqTRY OF TnTTi'Tq,4 ANTn W/T! 2I TFR


This is ton confirm that T have directed yon to
undertake Snerial rnnfidential Ennii-ries on behalf of
his Excellency the President and that Reports on this
matter must he brought to my personal attention.








RO.TqTPRM. GhF PiT)
CO^M1S':TOrF.R OF POT TCF


LC i- .f1 'T





P. 187


II OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
Telegrams: "Vigilance", Nairobi Police Headquarters
S Telephone: Nairobi 24'C'X 335124 P.O. Box 30083
When replying please quote Nairobi
Oj l v ^inlp.. ..,,u, ... ,.
KE Ref. No Kenya
1 1 onddat CP/MTSC/7-_89/VOL.TT/71 llenya
'"'" ,4th .Seept~ ber9..79
CON1FI UENTIAL



Mr. R.T. ELLIOTT,
Supt. Kenya Police Reserve,
C.T.D. Headquarters,
NAIROBT.



CONFIDENTIAL ENOUIRIES
MTNTSTRY OF TOURTSM AND WILDLIFE

This is to confirm that I have directed you to
undertake Special Confidential Enquiries on behalf of
his Excellency the President and that Reports on this
matter must be brought to my personal attention.







(CO BM'SSGONER OF POL.IC .
COMMISSIONERS OF POITC, E


CONFIDENTT,. I,








REPOR!TBY R.T. ELLIOTT REGARDING THE GAME W HING SITUATION AT
NERU NATIONAL PARK AND THE ABERDARE NATIONAL PARK DURING THE SECOND
HALF OF 1978 AND JANUARY 1979.


INTRODUCTION.
This Report in by way of only being an interim Report, and & fuller
Report will follow, as soon an further facts become known, and the follow
up Reports of the Wardens of the respective Park. are completed, and
received. It should be appreciated that it seem likely that similar
paohing is or was ooouring in other Parks and Reserves at the same time
.....,, as this poaching was taking place in Moera National Park and the Abs.4a.re
National Park, but I have not yet been able to obtain details as well
documented as those of Nera National Park, and even the evidence from
Sthe Aberdare National Bark is still somewhat sketchy. However,where .
any information is available from other Parka and Reserves, it has been
Included, but it must be stressed that it is by no means complete, and
indeed may never be completed due to inadequate policing/patrolling of
", the areas in question, or due to the inexperience/in ompetenoe or
Involvement of the officers who should be monitoring the position for us.

XIERU NATIONAL PARK.

Introductions The last four months of 1978 and the first month .of.,
1979 were marked by the worst Rhino poaching in the history of Nera
National Park. During the first eight months of 1978, eight Rhino were
,......;'known to have been killed. In the last five months ( 21st. Sept 88,
14th Jan. *79 ) thirty three Rhino are so far known to have been killed
S and of these thirty three Rhino killed, twenty two were killed from
S 21st Sept. 1978 to 14th Dc,. 1978, whem there was a breakdown in the
,effectiveness of the Field Porce and operation map records were not
kept complete.


Caroase Datas With a few exceptions, all thirty three Rhi"9p
shot with rfles less than 13 kus. ( 8 miles) from Park Headjuarters,a
in an area of about 150 kms. square oentred on Nughwango Hill, and
frequented by Dame viewing tourist sehioles. It is likely that there
are further caroases still not located, as part of the area in aqostion
is dense bushland, but as the Wushed areas are a relatively small
proportion of the total area that the thirty three Rhino were killed,
it is likely that about 90% of the Rhino killed have already been --.oced.
Many of the Rhino were killed right out in the open, and one was actually
shot on the main road to Ur&a Gate, and nine others were killed within
150 metres of a road. In every case, the Monms had been removed. In
_ome cases strips of hide had been removed with the obvious intention of


JJlJ IIIII I I I III III







-2-


making kiboko whips. With one exception no attempt was made to conceal the
oaraases of poached Rhino. They were simply left here they fell, '
suggesting that the poachers knew that they were operating with impunity.

Periods of Killings: The killings between 21st September 1978 and 14th
January 1979 can be divided into five periods denoted, as below, by the
month followed by a Roman numeral debating the week ( 1,II.I or IV) s-

PERIOD ONE s Sep IV Oct III 5 rhino known killed
PERIOD TWO Oct IV '. "
PERIOD THREEi Nov 1 Nov III 2
PERIOD OUR Nov IV Dec II ,5 "
PERIOD FIVE a Dec III- Jan II 11

The ,start of Period One coincided with the handing over of Ieru National
,. Park to Mr. Daniel Nyeki, by the outgoing Warden, Mr. Peter Jenkins.
Period Two, Ildesand Your were during Mr. y7ki'o s wardenship, while
Period Five represents the first four weeks after Mr. Nyeki't 'departure,
when he was replaced by Mr. Jenkins. These details are important because
they are linked with maw4or changes in the running of the Park.'"


Conclusions: Supported by the photographs and other evidence, it
is clean that unprecedented Rhino poaching took place in Meru National
Park during the period under review. The Director had been advised and
could see for himself that Mr. D. Nyeki was unsuitable to take over the
duties of Warden of this important Park, but regrettably the advice was
not taken and during the period this Officer was acting Warddnt, the Park,.,
.-. has lost a high proportion of it's remaining Rhino population. Anyone
.knowing this area in question around Mughwango Hill and alongside roads
in open country in the Aost easily patrolled areas of the Park, can only r:
draw the conclusion that there was a total breakdown of patrolling in the
period in question amounting to very serious neglect of duty, or that the
patrols themselves were actively engaged in the poaching. In view of thew,
other evidence it seems probable that the latter is the more likely
S explanation.
Acting Warden D. Nyeki must be asked to produce the .303 e-md e mlfte ,1
S recovered from carcase No.1, or to state to whom he gave it. Prom other
-- evidence now to hand, it will be possible to trace the killers of poached,..,
Rhino No.l and If the Acting Warden had acted with vigour and intelligence
i* likely hat the killings could have been stopped or greatly
reduced by the swift apprehension of the omen who killed the first animals.
At best the Acting Warden may be accused of most serious neglect of duty in
that he allowed strolling to run down to the extent that poaching on this
scale was possible. At worst ( and some evidence indicates this is


f. "


b."*







-3-


probably the case) persona In the Wildlife Service were actively
participating in the poaching activities themselves, and whether this

was being done with or without the Acting Warden's permission is not
yet clear, but what is clear in that he totally failed to supervise or
organize his anti-poaching forces effectively, and so allowed this active
poaching on a large scale close to his Headquarters, and he failed to

take any corrective action, which strongly suggested that he was a partner
S in this activity.

*., After the investigation into the Canteen Meeting full statements
.m..ums. t be recorded from as many of the persons who attended this Meeting ...
:-.,. ,as posebile. It is particularly important to investigate the suggestion,,
S.. hat "it was up, to the Rangers to ensure that they removed hia in the
.sme way as the Officer at Narok had been disposed of." This remark
. suggests that Mr. D. Nyeki k" knowledge Or information which indicoates
,.. .. that the aircraft crash in which Mr. Labosso died was not the aooident-a q
1 i. it was supposed to be at that tims, but was the result of planned
sabotage or shots from the ground. It is possible that a further
inquiry should be reopened into the aieroaft crash and death of this
Warden. If further evidence confirms the words used by Mr. D. Nyoki
then it is a most grave matter. It is suggested that Mr. S. Kubai is
not questioned until sufficient statements have been made to confirm
the details of this Meeting as outlined by me, and then perhaps it will
be best if Mr. Kubai is first given the opportunity of speaking with me
a.a + ~ privately before being questioned by the C.I.D., sinoe this Offi.o..er
served as 2y second in command at Marsabit, and I had at that time a
high regard for him and his work, and I be able to influence him
9 to 611k the truth about this Meeting.

ABEBDARN NATIONAL PARK.

...,..... Introduotions There is to date no great detail of information availabl.
due to the inooming Warden having only just taken over. His reports are
.ws *. ~now awaited. .. '
What is clear to date is that during the period after
Mr. W. Woodley handed over, and up until fr. P. Snyder took over duties
in january 1979, the following ocoureds-

1.* There was a breakdown in patrolling of this Park., .,,
2..... ... +*' + 2. .Increased poaching. . A.+' +-

P.eohinx: At least eight Xlephants and eight Rhino were shot,and these
were shot hn the moorlands in the area where it is easiest to patrol and
locate poached animals, and up to the time of the take-over by Mr. Snyder,







-4-


or direct collusion in this activity. A further one Elephant and
Sone hino were Jocated dead in February, bringing the totals to nin
Elephant and nine Rhino, The last Rhino was shot on 8th Feb. 1979,
very oloae to the road and within one mile of an entrance Gate.
It is significant that the foreleg of this animal was removed to
enable the poacher to recover the spent bullet from within the flesh.
As a bullet had been recovered by the authorities fron the earlier
shooting and the fact was known to persons in the Wildlife Services,
it suggests that the new tactic of removing evidence in the form of
.... a bullet was a result of this knowledge, which makes one think that
this Rhino was shot by someone within the organisation.

At a meeting on Friday 15th February 1979, the C.I.D.,
Nyeri were given the above details plus the recovered bullet, and
Steps were taken to withdraw all rifles of the ease calibre as the
bullet in the hopes that one of the weapons involved in the killings
itay be identified. Various other preventative and precautionary steps
Were taken at this meeting on feb. 16th, and I am very pleased to be .. <
Sable to report that on the 2nd. March 1979 no new killings have been
located, so it would seem that those concerned have at least been
"scared off" by these measures.* This again tends to indicate that
either those concerned are within the organisation or at least are
supplying information of the situation to the poachers.

Conclusions Further reports will follow after the investigations in
these two Parks have progressed and the respective Wardens' reports
become available.,
S. It is suggested that D. Nyeki be posted to Lodwar and that N. Sindiyo
+ be posted to Sambaxra/Isiolo National Reserve to take over his duties ....
It is felt that Xr., F.K. Mutungi should remain at Divisional Headquarters
Nyeri, pending the report of the Warden and completion of the investig-
ations, after which it may also be best if he is moved away to a new static
station.







REPORT ON THE POITIC' r-' 9MtDTNG KrWANYA'S WILDLIFE AND rHr. D2 '*-'.-'i;, V.
: .. < i :., I: f Ir ... r,.. 1 270 1979.


In 1970 Kenya had a very fine, large and varied population of Wildlife
on which was based a fast developing Tourist Trade, that was be-omin- an
increasingly important foreign currency earner for the country. During the
period of the last ten years this Wildlife population has be.en very seriously
depleted for the financial benefit of a relatively small number of persons.
The rou,.h details of' the present position is detailed below:-
i. '^L r '1lAN T.

Upwards o 11 0,000 elephant have been killed, the survivors have in
some caseL fled to -reas whLere they have created further problems.
The elephants from Samburu/tsiolo district bein_ a case to demonstrate
thi., fact. Kenya was justifiably famous for it's large tuskers in places
like Mars bit, the Tan;r River and Tsvo Parks. These have ceased to exist
and even with an effective and total ban on all hunting, ob.th legal and
illeQl, it would take twenty or more years before they will have time to
-ro. sguin. Since 1973 the illegal killings have been at the rate of about
fifty four (54) per day.

2. 1H.-IITOC;-.3O3

The position regarding; this species is even more serious. Opinions
will vwry as to what th. total rhinoceros population of Kenya was in
1970, but most observers and Wfardens would calculate that it could not
hnvc been less thair approximately 5,000. The population today may be
around 300 but iL fast being wiped out. For example, in Meru Park
where more accurate figures are possible to obtain, the fi.-ures of the
decline are as follows:-
S October 1973 to Deoember 1977 72 Rhino poached
( 1977 was the first year that Rhino were shot by armed. Somali gangs
and they accounted for 18 out of 34 during this period.)
January 1978 to 15th February 879- 45 Rhino pasohed.

3. N'EVY'S Z3BRA.

In the Sanburu/Tsiolo district, where thv majority of Pravy'z Zebr..
existed in 1970, the population ha6 been reduced from around 10,000
to the point that it has been placed on the red data end,.ngered species
book. Arguments will rage over the exact present day figure due to the
guestimate produced by KRSKU, but I can only state that as in observer
who has lived in the district concerned over the period in cueqti'n,
that it is reduced from thousands in the 1970s to bein-- on nniinal hard
to find. In the Samburu/Isiolo complex of reserves, they have become a
rare animal from being commonly seen in number.

4. COMMON ZEBRA.
Poaching of this species started on a small scale prior Lo 1970.
It is on record at C.T.D., Headquarters that a police investiLemion team
headed by E. Balson came to Nairobi in 1971, witr docaaentnr. itroox of
the involvement of the Chief Game Warden and his Offi6ers in a racket
whereby a Zebra illegal shot in both ienya and Tanzania were being issued
with valid sale documents in Kenya, so vonvertin, the illegal skins into
legal tender. The Ministry of Tourisma blocked the investigation. iThe
visiting investi-ation team was forced to return to Tanzanic in havini-c
achieved nothing.
Understandably poaching of Kenya Zebra of both species took a Treat
leap forward after thia successful repression of a proven poaohin7 caaa
having been rejected. This was due to their feelings of sec'irity and to
the fact that the source of supply of illegal skins from Tanzania 'wa cut off





-2-


Ex-Shifta war gangs, aided and supplied by Kenya Resident Somalia,
first bean to take a heavy toll of Kenya' Leopards in the mid-sixties.
Game animals often,airaffe, would be shot to supply the gangw with tood,
and to bait the metal gin tr'psa A central oamp would be established
and small parties of three to six would go off in all directions from
this base camp and et ten to twenty traps, each. These metal traps were
illegal in Kenya but in free supply in 9thopia and Somalia. The *-pn.'s
hunted Rhino, Leopard and Lion in their chosen areV until the species
became too scarce and then they would move on. At tte time they wenid
not shooting Elephant on any scale, but later expanded their illegal
activities t,) concentrate on Elephant and Rhino due tr, the virtual elimination
of Leopard in many areas. Somali Dukes sprang up at every conceivable
location, 'nd vltho)u.', completely uneconomical from a legal traders point
of view, they provided a leal reason for living in the outlyin- parts,
and were :ble to resupply the poaching ganps with rations, tobacco and
miraa, and to purchase the products of their hunt such as skins, ivory 1no.
rhino horn. This successful system gradually spread from the Northern
i'rontier into Turkana District and then Tana River and now into Uk cmbr.,
%rt.knxxm1?frmtxav Tsavo Parks and Meru BkwricThe gangs have now developed
from purely poaching ?ane3 into welt armed and equipped quasi-military
units and have in effect become a National threat to Kenya territory ard
should currently be viewed in this light. When supplies run short, they
will think little of murder and/or theft to achieve their aims.
During 1971 and 1972 a Kenya CID investigation was carried out into the
activities of the Kenya Pame Department under the Chief Game garden
Mr. John MutiPda. Various Pame Department Officers were asked to co
op)er'-te with the CID team, but it was soon clear that the Chief Oamno
Warden -rreatly resented any co-operation shown, and the reason for ,is'
attitude was clearly that he feared a proper investigation which was .oon
showin, that Pn inefficient andi corrupt Department ne headed. T'the-r
report- are still on the record. Briefly, items listed inoluded:-
a) Abuse of Government funds. For example, rewards and porterage
monies that were meant for issue to the Game Sta.ions to pay for
caine trophies being carried to those stations and as reward to
informers for successful game cases, were beinr, issued out monthly,
as an allowance to Headquarter Officers against false reward
vouchers.
S b) Misuse and lxity in the oape of Firearmf; and ammunition. No
master firearms ledger was maintained, and the resultL'. losses -i
S.location or total loss of firearms continues to this day. The
armourery, containing large numbers of firearus and considerable
quantities of ammunition, was in the char:e-a of a Game Scout Corncral
who was changed from day to day. No records were made of firear;is
or ammunition being issued or withdrawn.
o) Abuses in the issues of all licences and in particular Chief fale
Wardens permits.
d) A typical example of the tye of practice thrt wae oocuring and
swiftly spreading to all stations may perhaps be best illustrated
by what was occurring at the Nanyuki Game Itation, under Mr. Henry
Mulandi. He had set up a syite:a whereby his Assistant Uardenz and
fame ,Scouts would go on safari to an irey, and shoot elephant and
zebra for him. He also had set up a .-ystarij hereby illegal skins
could be made legal and saleaobi by takin, the oato the names of
various ranches and selling them on his own behalf, the Ranches
seeing nothing of the proceeds. When the investigation started
closing in he ordered the destruction oi" parts of the Station
trophy register to try and avoid detection, but as the Divisional
Warden had only recently before inspected the trophy register and
trophies, this should have been a futile gesture if the Chief Glame
Warden had been an honest man.





. 3 -


9) Trophy registers in :!anj stations gave an indication of what was
ocuring. In an efficient station, a game trophy received f'rom any \
source, (which would be recovered from poachers, shot on control,
recovered by scouts or public from animals that had died of natural
causes etc) would be given a station serial number, consecutive for
the year, and painted onto the trophy. The details of the trophy would
be entered in full into the trophy register stating its weight, where
and how obtained etc., and in due course a receipt for that trophy
handed into the Oame Deoartment H.Q., would be obtained, and would show
the lawful disposal of such a trophy to the Game Department H.Q.
In fact, in most stations, the system had been allowed to break ,down.
Tn some oases trophy registers were conveniently lost if enquiries
became too hot. No action being taken agh*nst the loser of the register.
In other oases, the pages would be deleted with no explanations and
hole pa3-'3 rewritten etc. etc. Since the same inefficiency and neglect
was found alao to be taking place at Came Department Headquarters, I
cuppose one should not iave been surprised to find that no corrective
action was taken. ( or probably had been taken to this day.)
About this time, the Acting Head of the 0 me Department Research Section
wbs asked to carry out an exercise into the overall elephant situation,
and to issue his report. He had been already assured verbally by the
Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife that he was
being confirmed in his acting post. On receipt of his confidential
report, his contract was terminated.
All this is History and has only been detailed at some length
to enable the reader to be able to obtain background tc the future events
which were soon to occur. The position at the end of 1)72 was as detailed
above. During 1972 and up to the time of the merger in February 1976,
the malpractices that ocoured in a few stations rapidly spread throughout
the f3,&e Department. The result was that the Officers and lame Scouts static
stationed to protect the Wildlife outside the National Parks, were themselves
decimating it while at the same time the poachers, in the absence of any
patrols, joined in. The result of this was that by the end of 1975 most
of the valuable game species outside of the Parks had beer. no;rly exterminated
Just prior to the merger of the Game heparterent and th- National
Parks, the present Minister, the Hon. Ogutu, asked me wiat I t'i.:iu.-ht of the
merger. I told him that the Game Department was n rotten ?pple, and if you
put a rotten apple into a basket of rood apples, the whole Let will soon
become rotten. Regretfully this is what occurred. However, it is possible
that if very swift action is taken in throwing out a lot of rotten apples,
i# may still be possible to recover a few sound apples on which an honest,
corrupt-free Wildlife service can be rebuilt. But time is certainly not on
our side as game stocks are dwindling as I write, and the rot in the basket
is continuing. '
In February 1976, the merger of the Parks and the Ca-me Department
oocured under the Wildlife Act No 1 of 1976. Unfortunately i itead of
strengthening the Parks system and subordinating the (Tame Dsep:_rment to
a back-up role, the *merger resulted in a take over by Lhe (Gae Deartment
and eventually the Chief Game Warden was made Director oi t'na ve. service.
The results of the merger are now clear, since it is nw rie:rly Lhrre. years
since it occurred, They are as follows:
1) The Game stocks which are the capital fund of any 'fOtional Park have
been seriously reduced in the case of most Parks.
2) The Parks have deteriorated from the Tourist's standpoint because of
item 1, but also because of other fatotrs, such as appesrande and
attitudes of staff, deterioration of roads and sia*n -csts etc. etc.,
3) Discipline and morale of staff ias plunged due to a variety of reasons,
which can be detailed. The former particularly is a prime cause of
the inefficiency which has now spread from the Came Department into
the whole system.













4) Vehicles amd equipment have now. reached the state in most National
Parks that they had already reached in the Game Department previously.

A clearly predictable forecast of the inevitability of this requires
no mental genius! Clearly if a driver or ranger cannot be disciplined
for abuse of hie vehicle or equipment, that equipment will soon
deteriorate.


As a result of the above appraisal and in an attempt to counteract
this depressing state of affairs, a positive and constructive report
has been written, putting forward suggestions which, if implemented,
could help to save such wildlife as is left.





,/
Sfln5','FTI;NC YOR THE R, SRfA '3A'IO'J OP TOlF UVTfLDLtf ," JT`';t;J
A!nr, M ?"C!U-?NT DijPPRTMW T H.,J i b*12 t hiLY .'1rs IS "'C!s-5' .Y.


It is now three years since the Government merged the National Parks
with tihe Canme department under the Wildlife Act No 1 of 1976 in Feb.1976.
The Parka had been managed as a Statuary Board for just over thirty years
and has been in.'na.ed under the new Act for three years. In the opinion of
most unbiased persons, there has been a bigger deterioration overall in
the state of most of the "Trks and Reserves during this three year period
th"n idurin the previous thirty years. It is my belief thet this is in
fat *?correct end true assieasment, and so I should go on to try and
nnalyse why and how this has occurred, and make constructive su-estions
as to ;iow best the existing faults or weaknesses in the system be corrected
or strent-hened.

1. tILDLIFE7 AC.' NfO.1. of 1376.

This Act was many years in preparation and was meant to replace
the previ'-us Act. Unfortunately this did not occur and it is full of
o"nissions Tnd loopholes, and will certainly require some Q-eedy ammendmr-ts
ond possibly will need to bn completely rewritten and mede into a new Act,
This mu,L be "RIRTTY ':IJ.IBE. 'iE, since it is the basis of all Wildlife
S L.4 iznforcement, and ii' the Poacher knows he has every chance of acquit-fl
if he e-wiloys anlood lawyer, then law enforcement becomes very difficult.

Jhy did this occur? I do notknow in detail because I am not aware who
drafted the Act or who was consulted. I do know that while I was serving
in the r-ime Department, about 1971 or 1972, Divisional Thrdens were passed
-j Draft Act ean wero zsked Lo send their comments immedi:-tely, and were
Uivei aboilt forty eight hours only to comment. Clearly such short notice
for com,-ients on such an important Act is hardly likely to produce the best
r esll. I T(id in fact comment yt some lent, but as I hed no rely or
i irter comment, I do not know if any of my sic-?sticns or coi.anents on the
Act.- iiin. reached the man drafting it.
Ajairn i 1975 while serving in the National Parkb, a hastj Gmeeting was
c0eile to tr.ako immediate comments on the new proposed Act, but I doubt
i --.iy of the suggestions made were acted on, as it seei"ed there was zoo
little Lime between the comments and the the Act.

Recommendation Mo.1.

To I would su'---t that a smell committee be immediately formed to
consider:-

1) If a new Act must be passed, or it' aaaena.ments to the existing Act will
suffice for the present.
2) Draft and implement the new Act or amendments urgentlj.
It is suggested that the committee should include:-
l) An Officer of the Attorney general's Pepartment.
) An Officer of the C.I.i., who heo bwien concerned with 'sse cases.
3) An experienced Warden of the National Prks organisation such as Jenkins
and/or ioodley.

It might be considered desirable to find out if the ex-Keny;- Chief (Game
Warden, Mr. T. 'rimwood could assist, since at onu point ne wPs drafting
a new Act for the Ministry of Tourism Hid Wildlife, and ao is well aware
of the many short-comings of the o16 and rnw Act, s. Moaiu ue :ell worth
ccO:isultin,; even if not a full member of the apprcinted committee.

To devise an effective campaign to bring all malefactors to court
witi consequent adequate punishment, ruthless measures must be aimed at
anyone likely to be proved S',ilty of damaging or destroying directly or
indirectly, the Wildlife Assets of Kanya.





- 2-


Those who would fall within this general indictment are:-

1) Influential orginisers of illicit trade in trophies etc.
2) Civil Servants who fail to administer the Law/borrectly and who invite
bribes and commissions in return.
3) Dealers, Agents who defy the law.
4) Trani *,orte.'s.
5) Sporters.
6) Saboteurs who attempt to discredit and undermine the Government's
policy.
7) Poaohers who kill, trap and poison wild animals and others who
encitrsje them to do so.

It is suvtested that a request be made to the Attorney General's Office
to request the President to issue a Directive regarding Wildlife to all
Magistrates, Police, Administration W. Army" etc.

2. DISCIPLI .

One of the main causes of the decline of the Parks standards has been
the into:ration of the Park's Officers and Rangers with those of the old
Game Department. The qame Department discipline at the time of the merger
was almost non existent dua to the disciplinary system existing in the
Camv Department and the Ministry of tourism and Wildlife. The effect of
putting the officers and men of the Game Department into the Parks resulted
in the lowering of the Park's standard of discipline to that of the Game
Deprtmrant. This is in effect now virtually non-existent. Thy is this so?
In t'he Prk's organisation, the Director had the right of 'hire and fire'
and he delerhted this right to his mow senior Officersand soprovided that
he w,-s informed of tho disciplinary action beirn- taken, he rarrfly had to
int(rveua Pnd would proceed to discipline or discharge the wrorn--:1oer within
a shori time, in accordance with his Warden's recommendations. The matter
was normally resolved within two weeks at the outside, and in serious cases
of ill-discipline, within a few days. Under the Ministrj of Fourism and Wild-
life system of discipline, the Warden has to prepare char,<;e sheets with fi-i-
copies or more, the accused is meant to enter his explanations, ( he often
refuses to fill his part in, with no dedress'). Tiese documents have to go
to the Sanior Warden for his comments, then to the Director for his comments,
then to the *nistry of Tourismi, and so finally back to the darden. This
process often takes from three to six months or more, meanwhile the offender
has gone on detiorating in his beheviour largely due to the ineffectiveness
of his first offence.
In the case of Drivers, vehicles meanwhile have suffered die to the
malpraotices,and in the case of Ran-ers/Soouts, the equimnant issued to
him has likewise suffered, be it radios, rifles etc.

I cannot stress strongly enough that there will be no prisoect of
improving the overall standards of the Jildlife Conservation and Management
Depart+At unless a new and effective and strict disciplinary system can be
introduced and implemented as soon as possible. The fact khasbeen well
known to most Senior Officers of theMnistry of Tourism end Wildlife and of
the (lame Department years ago, and one was told tht Code of Regulations
was being prepared, together with a new disoiplinarj system. This has been
in the process of preparation for some five years or more, so it would
appear that the Ministry do not attacti the degree of importance to the Matter
th't one would expect.

I would therefore suggest:-
Recommendation No.2.
This Code of Regulations be thfalised in draft form as quickly as
possible and then examined by & suitable experienced small committee for
auditions and corrections. It may wall le that there exist experienced
Officers in the Police, Prisions vnd Ar;:;y etc., who cruld be co-Opted
into assisting with the proposed Dode and .,o compare it wit'i existing Codes
of





-3- -


of their various organizations. It may be necessary to have different
sections t;' this Code which uoply to different categories such as:-
1) Gate Ranhers (cash handling)
2) Field Force Rangers
3) Drivers etc.

However this can be dealt wish by the appropriate committee. It should
be stressed to them thnt need is important end a deadline must be set
in whicl. to produce the finished Code.

I w ,uld consider it important that there should be a clause in this
Code of Regulations precludirng a Wildlife Officer having any interest in
any related activity to his service, and interest or shares in Tourist
shop, Tourist Tod,;es, Io Lrist Camps etc.
Should he hold any such shares or interest when the new Code of Regulations
comes into effect he should:-
a) Declre his interest in detail.
b) Divest himself of the interest within 30 days of the oasai-i-T
of the Code.

3 T-ion iLi'r 'OF THE' C "C1'!gTIC:N AND WILDLIF DEPNRT-IFT.
Firstly iPorder t, detail what is wrong with the existing structure
and make cug-estions for streurTilinin- the new structures. The main fault with
them is that they were drain up by Ministry or Game Department Officers
who had insufficient knowledge of the system which had resulted from trial
ana error over a period of thirty years, and which was relEtive tc the
very satisfactory existing system.
While it is probably unacceptable to revert back to the previous
systemn, the aim should be to do so whenever possible and when this is not
possible, the I.K., systems should be modified injsueh a wzy as to minimise
the ineffici.ncy and delays that now occur.

In the Il-.nninr of the present structure, insufficient emphasis was
placed on the importance of the National Parks and Reserves, and ry
recommendations shift the emphasis to allow for the f ct that the Parks
End Reserves are the heart of the Wildlife/Tourist animal, and if the heart
is dead, no amount of planning, research, educatic'ial or such projects have
any meaning whatsoever. The big danger today lies in the fact that the
Parks are steadily being depleted to the point of dying., while people in the
Ministry and Conservation Department Headquarters go on their various wys
a',i,:.rently unaware of the fact that their life-blood is steadily but surely
being drained away.

The Game Department had already reached this point at the time of
the merger in February 1976. If a hard and unbiased look is taken at many
of the Game Stations and sub-stations, and outposts, it will bo found that
the original reason for their creation has ceased to exit, since the Game
has been exterminated and all that is required iu manr areas is to be able
to call on a control, vermin or trap-in,. unit at decreosin- intervals, to
take care of the particular problem.

The present system fails because the chain of command is too len-Jhty
and causes unnecessary delays in Laost N.-tional >.rk activities,)and in effect
puts a brake on most operations. The aim must therefore be t.: shorten the
chain of command and to simplify proceedares. The items that will require
to be reconsidered are as follows:-
1) -stimates and Finance including impress.
2) Utilisation of Gate Fees.
3) Vehicles.
4)Riitlles and ammunition.
5) Clothing and equipment.
6) Radios.


Recommendation No.3.





-4-
,--4 --..



Recommendation No. jo_

That a new Divisional sGruoture be introduced based on my recommendations
in Appendix No. and that the National Parks and Reserves, and the Game
Department are given their separate Deputy Directors, even though par-c of
the same Wildlife service.

4. PERSONNEL AND S.LARITS.

Much of ,hat was said regarding discipline proceedures also applied to
personnel and salaries. Personnel matters for two Ministries are being dealt
with by tho Ministry of NaLaural Resources, which results in very serious
delays in effectin:'- payment of salaries and allowances etc., as the staff
are simply overloaded. 2.reruently no action can be taken because the man's
personal file cannot be trpzed. For example, a Game Department Sgt., who
retired in 1973 did not receive his pension and gratuity until 1978, and
then only due to the intervention of the Attorney General himself.
I myself retired from Parks on completion of my contract in March 1977,
and im still awaitin-v my back pay and gratuity, nearly two years later.
Widows of men killed on active service still await their husband's salaries.
Clearly somethin- is very wron. with the existing system when such cases
exist.
True grievances still prevail which stem from the merger and which require
u r investigation and correction, since it is impossible to run an effic-
ient and disciplined Department if grievances of any sort cannot be attended
to and corrected.
The question of seniority and promotion needs careful examination. Only
three ex National "-rk Officers were promoted to senior nosts and it has been
suggested (and in my opinion with some cause) that the promotion boards were
bioised in favour of the ex Game Department personnel.
I believe that on the merger, previous National Park Stcff had their date of
enrollment in Government listed as 1.7.1976. This may cause unjust situations.
Likewise I know that Park Assistants and Field Assistants were aroitrarily
cut back to the rank of corporal, inspite of the fact that they hLd been
seleotod as Park/Field Assistants, when serving as Senior &Jts. ;,e eighteer:
months after the merger, when I left the organisation, no corrective treasures
had been implemented.
Terminal benefits have remained unpaid or underpaid.

Recommendation NTo.4.

That the Personnel/Salary Section be reorgaiised into a small efficient ani'
so that individual's records can be quickly located, enablin; matters pertainin.
to personnel to be promptly and efficiently dealt with.
5. TRANSFERS.
It is essential for the smooth running of Pqrks and Reserve! that the
Officers and men have continuity in those Reserves, unless Lher are overiding
disciplinary or other reasons for the Director or the Warden to wis. otherwise.
If the postings ordered by the Director through the Ministry and 'ildliff are
examined, it will be seen that over one hundred Officers move'nents end in
excess of five hundred Rangers were ordered in one year. Apnrt from the
disruption to the Parks themselves, the unnecessary expenses involved must be
considerable in disturbances, allowances, transport costs etc., ap.:rt from
the fact that it was often months before the man in question received his
salary.
Recommendation Jo. 5.
That transfers be kept to a mininum in all cases.

6. GRADING OF PAIKS AND R3SERHVS3.

It is suggested that a hard look should be taken at all Parks, Re.-erves,
Sancturies, Conservation areas, Game Stations, to decide their .Ie-ree of
importance now and in ten year's time. Some yardstick will require to be
drawn up to ascertain which are currently the most imnoortant. In addition,
it will be necessary to decide on these Parks and Reserves to bi up-rasced and
those to be closed down.





- 5 -


Recommendation Xo.6.

.hU a small Planning Unit composed of experienced Park Wardens
should meet and consider the followinT points:-
1) List all existing Parks in their order of National importance as at
the date oi meeting.
2) PF'r*cu.t .'bovo for 10 years forward.
,;) Ditto (I) for 1Lion.l -ieserves witn any -pecial recommendations and
coci;.ents for each one for the present.
1) Zorecast 1'-.tional Reserves for ten years forward.
'5) 'ake recommendations for u,:gradin' or closure of Reserves, Sancturies
amnRm Teaorves etc.

7. J.'. ".M[1" COIMO-.D .PYr. G.

National Parks, Reserves and name Departm.,nt should all have a stane--dif&-
system tor the control of:-

1) Firearms.
2) ".unition.
3) Radios.
4) Vehioles.
5) Aircraft.

ecmraI ndsti f 1 No.7.

rec ":iited and effective system such as exists in M-riu irk should
o"3 r< ;,blished -nd btandin, orders based on this sysLemi bg isa d to all
un i tt,.

.3. _TW",'.CTTC,; OF PRCT7CTC-' A.REAS.

To arrange for a proper and regular inspection A: Ai Drozected area
by qualified Officers to ensure the fulfillment of an improved c.*nservati-.a
policy aid enforcement of proper discipli:.. It miht well be that the
%overnc.rnt would wish to expand on tlhio Ins-ection Team s-, thht the followinir
subjects would be oovered.-

Recommendation No.8.
1) Inspection of National Parks ana Reserves.
2) Inspection of National Forests.
3) Inspection of rivers and catochment areas.
4) Inspection of all area where there is a d ngar of un.-n: trolled charcoal
manufacture.
,) Inspection of mangrove areas to consider their orop r iroteotion and
control. (N.B. Vast areas of nrnrrocves are b.in exc-,'3ively exploited
and exported.)

9. EDJCATTO1' AND PUBLICITY COMPAi t.

It will be most important to show the local people and the overseas
public that Kenya means business in revitzli.i! itas 2n),:i1.ent and
protection of Wildlife, National Parks and Reserves.

Recommendation No. 9.
That the above be implemented by the appointment of an experienced
Public Relations Firm. They would also make r. iitive reccvendations and
-et thon implemented inorder to:-
1) Widen Wildlife Conservation 'ru'nticn through, at ill schools by
suitable measures.
2) Widen Wildlife/Conserv.tion measures and education tLhrou-h radio & T.V.





-6-


3) "4iden and strengthen the Wildlife Club organisation.
4) 2u--aest acdditionel maaeures not detailed here, and the encouragement
of International interest in Wildlife matters.


10. COURSES AND TRAINING PROGRAMS.

It is moot important that those Officers who have shown qualities
of leadership and. bravery in the field, and have been free of corruption
should be given the opportunity to attend sach courses. Clearly as the
Officers recommending these juniors for the above courses may have been
seriously prejudiced against juniors who were co-operating in the C.I.D.,
investigations or other investigations, it has resulted in the best
material being held back. This has further snowballed now in that it
is laid down in selecting Officers for such and such a course, that those
below the rank of Warden 1 nay not be selected. Those below this rank
are often those who have been debarred from reaching that rank because of
being held back by being too coQoperative with investigations, or by
refusing to "go along" with obv&us malpractices. (This has been another
course of the breakdown of discipline. Ialdoers have not been dealt with
because they held these seniors to blackmail on information of their
senior's malpractices.)

Recommendation No. 10.

That a Board on which I be present be oonstituted to make recoommend-
ations as to whoa-

a) Attend courses.
b) Be promoted.
c) Be deferred pending investigations.
d) Creation of a Sgt. Major Grade be implemented.

11. RX GAME DEPARTJT C.I.D. SECTION.

This body is so corrupt that it is useless. It is not reporting to
the Officer i/o Anti-Poaching Kenya, at all, and supplies no information.

Recommendation No. 11.

That it be disbanded and the Officers in it be transferred to other
Departments and a new C.I.D., section be formed to work with and under
the orders of the Officer i/o Anti-Poaching.

12. THE CHIEF ACCOUNTANT


Mr. C. Kimeria is not considered a suitable man to be the senior
Accountant. This man deliberately draws a salary from Government and
also from the Kenya National Parks, thereby receiving a double salary
each month, and is not suitable to handle the very considerable finances
of this organisation.

Recommendation No. 12.k

That the abovenamed be transferred and an A 1 replacement found.







-7-


SUNDE APPBEDIX A


I make a recommendation headed "Wildlife Rescue
Operation".


UNDER APPENDIA B I list reorganization proposals, and it will be
essential that I control through the Director and the Permanent Secretary,
the nominating promotion and posting of the Officers to the new structures
and divisions.


UNDER APPENDIX C
have come to light
action and reports


SUMixY


I list further points which are at fault and which
since the main report was drafted, and on which further
will follow.


Actions needed to be implemented.


* -*---.-<






W et?/t oz


Wf-4









CONFIDENTIAL. RB.T. Elliott,
0o/o Solio Ranoh,
P.O.Box 2,
NARO MORU.

3.79.
The Commissioner,
The Kenya Police,
Force Polioe H.Q.,
Box 30083,
NAIROBI.




Dear Sir,

I enclose My preliminary report on the Wildlife Services,
as requested.

I am of the opinion that unless the recommendations made
\ verbally to you by myself and Mr. J. Irwin, in our interview with
you, in which thoeS' persons named in List No.l (part 1) be removed,
fa"owed later by those named in List No.l (part 2), then it will not
be possible to expeditiously clean up the Wildlife Service as required
by our superior. You will recall that two counter postings were made
to Meru Park, and the Aberdare Park. I have submitted to Mr. Irwin
a detailed report of what occurred& at *eru and it should be noted that
a similar state of affairs existed at the Abedare Park. In both Parks
very serious poaching occurred in la the periods concerned, due to
great delays in complying with the order, and investigations to date
clearly indicate that the Wildlife Servioe was deeply involved in the
poaching.
The attitude of some of the Officers under Mr. Goss, clearly
indicates a severe opposition to this clean up poroess.

A further indication of the sort of situation that still
exists, occurred when I was requested to attend a meeting with
Mr. 3. Mutinda which was scheduled for 09.00 hrs. I arrived at his
office at 08.50 hrs., and waited in his Secretary's office. At
I 09.10 hrs., a Mr. aranja Gamure exited from Kr. Kutinda's office.
This man is well known to the C.I.D., and most Wardens, as he has
been caught red handed numerous times in the past with ivory, rhino ......
horn and sebra skins in his vehicle, but freed on Mr. Hinga's orders.
I know that he was in Mr. Mutinda's office at least twenty minutes
and he may well have been longer, as he was already in there when I
arrived at 08.50 hrs.
I have, as requested, taken all the preliminary steps to
enable me to sign a contract of thirty months, but although it should
have been ready on the 1.3.79., and a house should also have been
ready on the same date, both have been postponed to the 1.4.7).
I feel before I sign the contract, I should request an interview
with yourself together with Mr. J. Irwin, so that we may enlarge
on events that have occurred so far, and have your confirmation that
the measures I recommend can be implemented. I do not believe it will
be possible to achieve our mutual aims unless these measures can be
taken. I aooept that it may be necessary for reasons unknown to me,
that Mr. J. Mutinda stays in office at this stage. However, I do not
believe that Kenya's efforts to clean up it's Wildlife Services will '-.."
be believed and accepted internationally, until he is removed, as in
these circles he is recognized as being the Ace Poacher. However,
I consider it most important that the other seven persons be removed
forthwith. I also consider it is most important that I should have

Air- A. .T i ea^ fc t& l







--2--



direct access to the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Tourism
and Wildlife so that he may be imaedi&tely aware of wrong doings,
since it is my belief that he never receives information on many.
serious matters. This information would appear to disappear orm it
reaches the W.C. & M. Department Headquarters at Langata, and so it
in not recorded on the personal filos of the persona concerned.

At present, Mr. Goes often finds his beat efforts to counter
poaching blocked by Senior Wardens, or Deputy Directors. This it hardly
surprising when it is remembered that at least some of them have been
promoted to these senior posts despite known reoords of poaching or
other malpractices.

Since it is my hope that both Mr. Irwin and myself will be "-
able to enlarge on this report in our next interview with you, I..will
leave it at that for now.

As there are many aspects of this report that whuld be a ....
bitter pill for many to swallow, I request that it be kept between
the three of us at this stage.

Toune faithfully,









SUMMARY OF ACTION I RECOMMEND BE TAKEN.


1. Appendix "A" proposals should be presented to the relevant
authority for consideration.


2. Re-organisation suggested in Appendix "B" should be approved
and implemented by me through the Fireotor, or in his absence,
the Deputy Director.


3. See Appendix "C*" points for later action.


4. Those named in Lists No. 1 ( Parts 1 & 2 ) should be removed
from the Wildlife Department.


5. I be authorized to take on the following "extra" staff in
Lists No. 2 (a) and 2 (b) on contract or sub-contract basis,
funded by Goverznment, or if preferred, paid by external funds.
I would arrange to implement the reooamendations in ay Report
through these Officers, and to carry out further inspections
and reports on which I will be able to recommend further courses
of action.






*; *' ** APPENDlIX A".


WILDLIFi RESCJE OPERATION.




Here are some notes on what I consider would have to be
implemented to make the work of a new (Ieoutive Director
meaning-ful and effective:-


1. Consideration should urgently be given to bringing the
4ildlike Services under the direct control of the Office
of the President.

2. The Executive Director should have full Presidential
support and wide powers exceeding those of Z% Permanent
Secretary. His office and staff would be in Nairobi
and have free access tc all Ministries and Provincial
}Headquarters.
He should be assisted by an Advisory Committee inoludin,,:-


1. A senior representative of the President.

2. A senior representative of the Attorney "enoral.

3. A senior representative of the Ministry cf Tourism.

4. A senior representative of the Ministry of Aericulture.

5. A senior representative of the Ministry of N tur;,1 Resources.

6. A senior representative of the Police.


7. A senior representative ofi thu Army.







oAPP. IX I.B"*

PROPOSED NEW PARK AND RESERVE GROUPINGS.


Div,


Div.


SDiv.


Div.


Div.






0 iv.
Div.

D '"y.


No.1. TSAVO NATIONAL PARK DIVISION


No.2 'NORITH EiN NATIONAL PARK DIVISION


No.3. MARINE NATIONAL PA/ESEVE DIVISION


No'.4. MOUNTAIN NATIONAL PARK/HESERVE DIVISION


No.5.a)( IA VALLEY NATIONAL PARK/RESRVE DIVISION


b) AXkRA/LkXB3 NATIONAL PAX/BBSRVE DIVISION


No.'. NORTH-kASTEH NATIONAL RESERVES DIVISIONS


No.7. NATIONAL RSARC, EDUCATION, TAPPING TC.


No.8. NATIONAL ANTI-POACHING DIVISION


PARK DIVISION IQ.



vim

NImU
NERD


IONBASA C

M'dELIGA .




t", 2 "
NAKURU
502 DI? AU".JrU-


SUB Iv, XAKOBD


QARISSA


NAIROBI


NOONO '-'





-2-

PROPOSED P LS/ISRVESs ARA OR DIVISIONS.


1. TSAVQONNATIONAL PARK DIVISION EQ VOI.


a)
b)
o)
a)


Taavo last National Park
Teavo Went National Park
Aeboseli
alana Sohem.


NORMNTHE ATIONAAL PS & M DIVISION


- HQ MERU PARK.


a) ~era National Park
b) Bisinadi Conservation Area
o) Samburu/Isiolo National Reserves
d) Shaba National Reserve
e)l.Marsabit National Reserve
2.Losai National Reserve
f) Sibiloi National Park (Bast Lake Rudolf/Tarkana.)
g) fora National Reserve (See note at end.)


3. MARINE NATIONAL PARBS & RESERVES DIVISION MOMBASA.


Nalindi Marine National Park Reeserve
Wataau Marine National Park & Reserve
Kisite/Npunguti Marine National Park
"Laau" National Marine Park (Now being created.)
Shiaba Hills National Reserve.


4 MOUNTAIN NATIONAL PARK RESERVE DIVISION

a) Mount Kenjya National Park
b) Aberdare National Park
o) Elgon National Park
d) Saiwa Swaap National Park
.) Mountain Rosoue Seotion.


5.a) NAIROBI & RITF VALLEY DIVISIONS

a) Nairobi National Park *
b) Nakura National Park
o) 01 Donyo Sabuk National Park
d) Iwea National Reserve
e) Bogoria National Reserve.


5.b) MNAA/LANBiiE DIVISION


- HQ XI EBIGA PARK.


- HQ NAKURU.


- EQ ENSO NAROK.


Masai Mara National Reserve
Laubwe National Reserve
Nguruuan Conservation Area.


2.


0 ,



N.r **'





- 3 -


6. NORmi rASUIt NATIONAL SMfVE DIVISION

a) Boni Rational BIserve
b) Arawale National BReserve
o) Dodri National e-s-eve
d) Raholi Natica&I Reserve
*) Tana liver Primate National Reserve.


7. NATIONAL RiSEARCH. EDUCATION. TRAPPING ETC.


- Q I AM8MA.


- NQ NAIROBI.


lesearohs.
Education, Publlo Relations, Wildlife Clubs.
Goa Defenoes (Xoats, Pence., Xto.) .
Trapping
Animal Orphanage.


8 NATIONAL ANTI-POACHING DIVISION


- EQ 3oo.o.


Rational Mobile Strike Poroe, Anti-Poaohing Units
Park/Reserve Bobile Patrol Units
Investigation and Law Enforoeoment, through CID Team of Kenya Police
Inveatigation/Proseoution Officer at Division HQ8
Animal Resoue Section (Trapping, translation, game a vermin
control)
(This Sab-divisio will in a future financial Star, have to be
made into a separate unit and expanded to cover the increasing
and urgent needs of the country to trap and control game and
might then become Division lo.9. The present location of the .....
Capture Team at Isiolo Mould appear to be wrong and it should
be beased n Nairobi near the Animal Orphanage.)

lach Division would have one Officer and Team trained in these
duties, and responsible to the Anti-Poaohing Commander through
the Divisional Commander.


a)
...:.. l>)

<)
0)

a : )


X.B.







APPENDIX "C".


A list of further points that will need to be looked into and
reorganized over the next few months, and on which I will submit later
reoomaendations dealing with each item.


1. ANIMAL RESCUE TEAXM.

Trapping, Translooation, Game & Vermin Control.

2. WORLD BAWK ANTI-POACHING FORCES.

These are not being nearly as effective as they should be for a"
multitude of reasons, and the faults noted and corrective measures will
f. haveto be taken up with the riorld Bank Authorities. Included are, .......,
Training of Staff *, Reoruitment, Discipline, Health, Postings,
Administration,. Investigation, Salaries etc.
(Training throughout the Wildlife Services is a major issue and
much is at fault at present.) '

.... 3. SALARY SCALES. .

at) Anti-Poaching Field Forces are on the same salary scale an
Gate Rangers, and nights out allowance does not adequately over
the difference in their duties. ..

b) Park and Game Station Wardens are on the same scale as each other.
Their Jobs and responsibilities are not oomparable,therefore
Their salary scales should reflect this.

F) Field Forces/Anti-Poaching Forces sust be on higher rates and,
this an beq dpoe by a higher field force allowance payable when
J."' on active service. This would also, be applicable to any' forc6.s
Ocarrying out similar dangerous duties such as Mountai.n Rescue
*++ etc., while actually in the field, and paid as a daily allowance.
d) Grading of Staffs Proficiency must be rewarded the opportunity
to pass or receive grades and receive extra pay for the followings

1. Marksman
2. Long and exemplary servicemen
3. Accident-free expert drivers
4. G4 rading of radio operators *
5. Eto. etc.. ....


.*. ic + '*^ f 9 i v tt
4.k ADMINISTRATION OF PLANT AMD VEHICLES.9TO.

5 f. l--: Ieen an almost total breakdown of the following, due
to the removal of ,Wardens (tWorks) Mechanicas, etc., and no replacements
have"been ades
SVehicles ... *
.. oad Plant ..
Water puap#/systous
G Oenerators.* ... .
Roads.

N.B. Under World Bank arrangements, there is a Clerk of Works at

and maintenance of the, above.

5. VEHICLE ALLOCATION ETC. --'
; A large number of new lorries remained at Karura in the open for a
-' very long period awaiting action by someone to have bodies made for theme
When the Department was desperately short of lorries. The Officer i/o
should be disciplined and sacked.







+.! * *^ a * * !
-2-


6. MAITENANCE HOUSES, STOES, PLANT.

M.O.W., hav not effectively taken over, so there is much wrong.
, + *" -+ , + .. ...* .): ,*,+-^)


RANGE FUS:

A study is currently being carried out by Echo Systems. It is
essential in all eaoh studies that adequate and close liason with *
experienced field staff occur. At present, overseas personnel are '"
often brought in and carry out work, and make reports on which all-
future planning will be based, and no consultation occurs with those
experienced and local Kenya staff who could point out major faults in
K ,the proposals being made, if they were consulted.

8. LODGES AND CAMP SITES.

There aust be a means found for the Government to regularly inspect
standards of all Lodges and Camps, and after suitable oorreotive warnings,
close down establishments which fail to conform to the standards laid
down. ~

+. FINANCES
In the last financial year, 45% of funds allocated remained unspent,
*+and no action appears to have been taken against the Officers who were
responsible fo* this serious state of affairs. Officers grossly over-
spending also escape disciplinary action.

10. TRAINING SCHOOL OR TRAINING THROUGH OTHER GOVnBanEMt ORGANISATIONSS

a) Officers.
b) N.C.O.'s.
o) Bangers/Drivers.
d) Trapping Unit personel/Vetinary/Orphanage Staff.
e) Tour Drivers.
f) Investigation and Prosecutions..
g) Mehanics.







LIST NO. 1. (Prt I.)


J.K. MUTINDA. "/
B.S. MPHroxI. -V

. oaoI .
P. NULANRI.
J- ORONOAI. J)

N. IKARTAHY. (
**' ULOVO. l)
C. KIMIA. ki

Ot,^ PLO^.-


k~


t9 u
p h~huktA4






LIST NO.1.


S. KIAIBI.
C. KUSERU. () 4 2.
D. iMKI.
MAJOR MATIAS.IIC
D.O. ODHIABO.Q0)
CAPT. HIY MULUERA. (
8.0.0 0. .T3)


^11
KIPABNI. f(
oaoo. ,,,+P>
DADSON XUGWE. /
.ABARON SINDIYO. (
MAZIR, ALI. V^


\. '',,/ M .








LIST NO. 2 (a)


,1. Mr. P.A.G. Field,
ax 159,
Nanyaki, KBBYA.


Phone No. Nanyaki 26?5.


Mr. Field an ex Provincial GCommisioner of Uganda and. later
chief Warden of the Serengeti Park., He is an able administrator
and fluent in Swahili, together with several local language. -
and has great abilities as a Chairman. 4


I recommend his immediate appointment as Adminiatrator and
Inspection Officer.


2. Col. Sir Hugh Oldha, K.U., sea.6.
Stroud Cottage,
Orayawood, Haslemera,
Surrey. GV 27 2 J ENGLAND.


(His Curriculum Vitae 1i attached)


I recommend his appointment as soon as available to assist me
in Head Office, and later to be Commandant of the New Wildlife
School which is under formation at Naivasha.






LIST NO. 2. (b)



*"' A. MEr". S. lassard, .
P.O. Sogl 30131,
LIongwve, ALAWI. '

ft: r. Bleaoard is currently serving as Deputy Chief Warden and .
immediately he is available ( believed to be about Nay 1973)
I recommend that Us first dLuty would be, together with a
Police Officer appointed by you, to inspect and. trace and list
all firearms, and list all missing firearms
On completion of this duty, or at the same time if possible,
to cheok and report on all vehicles, graders etc.


B., r. J. Bazendale ., .. ,......>
M/0 Jr... Barrah,
S:- P.O. Mx 24646, Xaren, .
NAIROBI. .

.r. Bazendale bj appointed immediately as Warden Iasai Mara
.Gaame Reserve. It is understood that this also mseets with the
approval and wishes of the Chairman of Narok County Council.

C. Mr. X. Sholdriok,
Naralal Lodge,
P.O. NARAL&L.
Mr. Sheldrioi be appointed as Inspeotion and, 'Training Officer
of World Bank Anti-Poaohing Units as aoon as he is free and
when funding is available.


D. Xr. A.S.A. Busaidy,
Box 6o4,
KACHAKOS.

"r. Busaid be appointed as Investigation Officer Anti-Poaohing
S, Unit. (it is not yet known if he is available and willing to
.serve, but his name is included to enable you to see forward-
planning.)

B. Mr. A. Cam,"
* Box. 259,
SELDOHBT.

,. Mr. Carn to be appointed as soon as available as Warden, on, iti
Marine Park, ga post he held previously. The present Warden is
under investigation.








of.JMli W.GS* d Mmri *rqwt WaOl w SUiem* Of Pol? -
to ---me4tli" seas $ en pa"t am prowmet vUtiW Ot the ViUl a it,
CMMMR~aftn and lhMit ftumoftwab .
(O.s Xn3UE"TSD or IMPOBTAOI 0o m Nfmol NOV/r]e 19r/JAB 1979).
ftaoas' a Asaaam nm7.M PAK M UMwC J 9BY
-n= NAYTIGEl PAW muO 840
UA BIWOXWAJ. PAW RUG= IK PT 50U6
BT AN! 1POA1M1 UIYR PEBSORIE.
OWNWO 7197* to NM 979. (Apul 1979 to ae 1979 w"uftl ulI
fellow iOiM 0 aosth).
1) Auuv&SXc MINRS noojmum.ab e...... A4
OITERS Bh'LZP.LE.BI.S. in n.oooo.... 9
SPXSTOa...4.....SmBB....*....*.*
Sd.el.,oUAoZZNoS RNBEUU....oo... 9
AUZY!0SIO ..4..RB XI ** ......*1761 W5a
oV o,..,.o... xBOoBn. .....o 31
BB O )*oo.o.Kooo EBSoD.oo,. 3t
2)2

4 0mcUs PUNS RMJIRX... ,.*.... 2
iwzin lPXZIGIKo....... .....
OmWIS WEAR AIRIZ!O U.. 2 TOmL 16
ITE RAE. ... 3
Oamen GOa BM (RA

H V zun.oo.....s.a.4 xlws

"m &AM memm s w M if u "I" miup noms mi
?) oIRHM, er0, In r AOI NG OV MM XN4s By
PsaUism 4WI WGpo I 9 fO ID JIVE ROUPS NM.D 11

2) piumacAz o? AnnaiY! An) SBOOTDI or' muRE BLEPSAINS u

3) vuomIn OFw/ vixz/ Al
^ 4) -TBAJNIW UP RIFLES AN) hNWROflW.
3 5) 1I3 F U' VEICLIS AnR BUIORNS (Ami).
6) Ainramuo or z1vm (Ame omo2Bm A n cLmS).
t) znMOzoUz UYo P03=8IL AMRSE OF W1Ur0W RMI UC!0 AUwrim0OaS.
S) Oa F Or tr/uxwOr MW Um.&rTO 0t =o. AU ITVO BoIsT3 )
T9) TuAUZ L1a-a SOLIO oASC
10) xami' orw "TAPiPsa ULGC5 AND PORT OF INALS SINCE UNVUING WAo.
U) TBAPPB LOPAfl JVET S (PASW=D TO A2.0RBGTOR T0 PROCEED).
12) DEAMIUnG OF PUOCIAS OP AUS AN) A01103YIONI -@&BT MoEPARB
1 C) =AAM RTL&?16 TO PRIWED BITOr 'flZW ROCKS GF PA&S.
14) XIVBSTI@AYIOI INTO ZIO? I "ANA"SI? BY AIR.

-^outiau.L owwrlmtf


1 I ,.











* 4)' I
a) ZABIA .ff 1V@....san ....43o 113




b) aatw * FM Be 'I w 911 6

XiNOtiaM am a 3WlWfta XL*a lowwo van**
flO vUlaxyweft Go OWN W MEOON&
aim pwU.sDfinAu.*W *" KIL13 AMW.

.oktug ma a,14 t I om T nWalamUru
Rutting amd aatel-1 of 1XIKS WOW T YE COXG0K1EZXBRhN 01 POLICE.
bpertiag St PiOPORSOsTUYU i'fi SAN= PAAM
Mbtstung -- bstatta A.UOR iwi uwaisd to=d do
CAPWIN AND or*NSIQJ O U U1NZiEBS






f ME-O FOR MEETING WITH THE COMMISSIONER OF POLICE ON THURSDAY, 28TH JUNE, 19799
S' t AT 09.00 HOURS.

10. On Thursday last week I went to the General Service Unit Store and did a
physical checkof the Ivory present, with Mr. Ruhiu of Wildlife Conser-
vation Ministry Department present and CI.D. Officers.
I first asked Mr. Ruhiu to place the packaged sacks into the grouping
that it was to be dispatched in the various Lots.
These proved to be FIVE GROUPS, three of which were sacked ready for
Dispatch. .. : "


GROUP NO. 1.






S^ GROUP NO. 2.









; THE 3RD GROt


GROUP NO. 4.






GROUP NO. 5.


Was for dispatch to AFRO ASIATISCH KUNST, WEST GERMANY.
The documentation for this was NOT COMPLETE Page I WAS
MISSING. Mr. Ruhiu stated it was in his Office and would
be produced the next day. The documentation in respect of
this Ivory has therefore only PAGE 2. Their total at
'BASE OF PAGE is 115 PCS. WEIGHING 872.7 KGS.
SO FAR HE HAS FAILED TO PRODUCE PAGE 1.
Was destined for K.P. PAREKH & SONS.
Documentation appears partly complete and is marked at
HEAD OF PAPER "SOUND IVORY". PAGES NUMBER 6, THEIR
TOTAL WEIGHTS ON LAST PAGE SHOWS 1335.7 KGS. NO DATE IS
GIVEN.
We have not yet had time to check details of this IVORY
against documentation.
The documentation, in respect of the SECOND PART of this
Consignment is NOT yet available, consisting of *BROKEN
IVORY".
P OF IVORY (PACKED). Consists of Ivory as per their Packing
List dated 21st September, 1978, Letter GA 16/1/1 which
Mr. Ruhiu stated' was sold but never dispatched. It consists
of TWO PARTS MARKED 'A' and B' on Packing List.
PART 'A' had GOVERNMENT IVORY MARKS. PART 'B' had NO
GOVERNMENT MARKINGS BUT THE NAME "KALAWA" written on it.
(Very reluctantly oie of the Wildlife Conservation Ministry
Department men admitted the writing was his.)

Was IVORY which was said to be EX "A.P.U." IVORY and had
VOI STATION registration NUMBERS DELETED and A.P.U. NUMBERS
substituted. As some random checks proved Markings on this
Ivory to be all underweighed, it was decided to postpone
detailed weighing until Mr. Goss was present. Only the
Markings and the Weights as written on the Tusks were record-
ed at our check on Thursday.
Consisted of "ASSORTED IVORY" which Mr. Rukiu stated was not
part of any shipment and was entered IVORY in the IVORY
REGISTER, details of which were listed BUT NOT WEIGHED in
detai 1.


SThe above Operation took two days.
On Saturday, morning I learned from Mr. Musa that the
Permanent Secretary of The Ministry of Tourism & Wildlife
wished to see me together with Mr. Musa on MONDAY, 25TH
JUNE, 1979, I therefore decided to see the Director of
C.I.D. TO SEEK his advice as to what I should disclose.
He advised me to be completely PRANK., Mr. Ilako went in
to see the Director just before I did, this same morning.
DN MONDAY, 25TH JUNE, 1979, I saw the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry
of Conservation & Wildlife with the two C.I.D. Officers
"present- Mr. Musa and Mr. Njongi.
I detailed all the above to the Permanent Secretary.
The Permanent Secretary stated there had been a "SECRET
AUCTION". He called for his File through his Secretary but
the reply came back that Mr. Ilako had locked it up and
gone away. (We had an appointment for 09.30 hours, but we
did not enter the Office of the Permanent Secretary until
70 minutes later. Mr. Ilako had been with the Permanent
Secretary all this time.


* 7




PAGE 2.

-Secretary all this time-
Later I went to sort out my arrears of Salary and again found
that Mr. Ilako was said to have my Pile, SO NOTHING COULD BE
RESOLVED.
At this point I produced PHOTOSTATS of the relevant correspond-
ence and showed the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of
Tourism & Wildlife where discrepancies arose. He suggested Ito
me that I should find another Buyer who would pay DOUBLE to the
"SECRET TENDERS" PRICE and conclude the deal within a few days.
I declined and pointed out that if we did this we should have
the same problem which now existed and stated I had talked to
the Acting Director of Wildlife Conservation Ministry Department
and Mr. Oreiro the Assistant Director of Conservation and he had
asked me to do a check on IVORY STOCKS held at the old GAME
DEPARTMENT HEADQUARTERS, near the MUSEUM, and this was to take
place by arrangement, and then I was to produce a list of ALL
IVORY and RHINO HORN to the Acting Director, so that a PUBLIC
AUCTION could be held and that I had met Mr. Pussey and Mr.
Oreiro two days earlier on SATURDAY, 23RD JUNE, to plan this
and we had all agreed on the details.
I left Mr. Kibe under the impression that he had agreed on all
the major issues. Mr. Musa remained on with Mr. Kibe AFTER the
other Officers and I had left. I then went to try and resolve
my arrears of Salary problem which dates back three years.
On TUESDAY, 26TH JUNE, 1979, I had learned, by complete chance,
that Inspector Ndegwa was just going off to the General Service
Unit Stores to hand back all Trophies to Wildlife Conservation
Ministry Department's Personnel. I asked him to hold on for a
short time so I could go and see the Director of C.I.D. he
agreed to do this. The Director was out, Mr. Sokhi was out
and Mr. Musa was out. I tried to phone the Commissioner and
he was at a Meeting. I then'^phoned the Attorney General and
explained that I believed some misunderstanding had occurred -
he told me to collect Inspector NDEGWA, and to both proceed
immediately to his Office. On my descending from the Director's
Office, I found INSPECTOR. NDEGWA HAD NOT WAITED. I therefore
collected my relevant Piles and proceeded to the Attorney
GeDeral's Office and reported to him. He then phoned The
Commissioner of Police and spoke to him. He then instructed me
to go out to the General Service Unit and see what had occurred.
I proceeded there and found that the Wildlife Conservation
Ministry Department's Lorry with a Work Gang were there with
Mr. Ruhiu, and that the Operation had been suspended. I was told
that ONE LOT OP IVORY had been taken out of the Store but ALL
THE IVORY HAD BEEN PUT BACK. I remained to see the Store again
Locked by a General Service Unit Inspector and with a Padlock
of which Mr. Ruhiu has the Key. I then returned to the C.I.D.
Headquarters and resumed my duties but the Director was not
available for me to see.
On Wednesday, 27th June, 1979, I went to my duty as normal. I
drove, parked and left word at the Director's Office that I
would be at my Office and would welcome a chance to speak to him.
At about 08.45 hrs. I saw him. He appeared very angry and curt.
He sent for A.C.P. SOKHI. He ordered me to vacate my Office at
C.I.D. Headquarters immediately and stated he wished to have
nothing further to do with my Investigations into the Wildlife
Conservation and Management Department. I pleaded with him to
give me a week to find alternative Office space so as to transfer
all my documentations- he reluctantly agreed. He told me to
report to the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Tourism and
Wildlife. I went out of the C.I.D. Headquarters with my Vehicle
KSA 758 to see Mr. Pussey, as I had previously agreed to check
their Ivory, etc., that morning.






PAGE 3.

-their Ivory, etc., that morning-
I rang the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Tourism and
Wildlife from Mr. Pussey's Office and confirmed with Mr. Kibe
that I could proceed with this and got Mr. Kibe to confirm this
on the phone direct to Mr. Pussey. fe went and looked at the
Stores together and agreed the check was impossible that morning
due to the VOLUME OF SKINS ON TOP OF THE IVORY AND RHINO HORN.
I returned to the C.I.D. Headquarters in my oar and I parked,
used my Office until 13.00 hrs. then went, in the usual way, on
foot to Heron Court for Lunch, leaving my Office locked and upon
my return at about 13.45 hrs. I was stopped by the Constable on
Duty and informed that I must check in at his Office and state
whom I wished to see. I stated that I thought there was some
"MISUNDERSTANDING" as I had come from my Office, had had Lunch
and was merely returning to Office and showed him my Key. He
agreed to my proceeding. I asked him who had issued this Order
and he stated INSPECTOR NDEGWA. I later asked Inspector Ndegwa
from whom it had originated and was told it had been given the
previous evening by A.C.P. Sokhi. Later I saw A.C.P. Sokhi who
countermanded the Order for one week, until the following
Wednesday. I learned that the whole Operation which had occur-
ed had been planned the previous evening and that both Officers
who had been to see the Permanent Secretary that day with me
had been summoned before the Director of C.I.D. that evening and
given their Orders. I was not called to this Meeting nor
informed of the intended RETURN OF THE TROPHIES under Investi-
gation. 2I also learnt, later, that the Permanent Secretary
of the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife had issued verbal in-
structions to the Acting Director regarding this EXERCISE.
I can therefore only conclude that all this was planned earlier
and I was deliberately 'KEPT IN THE DARK' by the Director of
C.I.D. and all his Officers and by the Members of Wildlife
Conservation and Ministry Department.
I believe the Acting Director was out of Nairobi, at this time,
and may have been unaware of what was occurring.
Mr. J. Irwin was away, on Leave, at the Coast during the
whole period.
I later learned that the TROPHIES being taken from the General
Service Unit Store were to be packed and shipped immediately
and NOT STORED again at the Store of the Ministry of Tourism
and Wildlife. So all the Shipments would have been sent off
including the Third One and this would have effectively
destroyed all the EVIDENCE of the "SECRET AUCTION" and the
Third Consignment still to be Investigated.






ON SPECIAL DIRECTORS PERMITS AND CONSENT TO MINE (FORK I)


444~
C'


The above documents appear to have replaced the Chief Game Warden's
\ Permits which were the Subject of so much abuse as reported in the Reports
made by myself working through your Officers in 1973and 1972.
It appears as if the Special Directors Permits have again also been
misused, though on a lesser scale than the "Chief Game Warden's Permits".
Preliminary Investigations have shown that the following Permits have been
issued under the Authority of these Special Directors Permits.
1) BIRD SHOOTING PERMITS: Seventy one Permits have been issued to shoot
Duck on the "MWEA RICE SCHEME", and while it is fully understood that
the control of Duck, which were damaging the Rice may be necessary,
it is felt that such Permits should have been issued in a "Planned Way"*
For example there was NO time limit imposed when shooting could Start,
or Finish, 0NO BAG limit was set, NO FEES were charged. The Licensing
Officer wrote a letter on 8th May, 1979, copied to everyone stating
"NO MORE PERMITS WOULD BE ISSUED AS FROM THAT DATE", but on 10th May,
1979, issued two more Permits signed by himself.
PERMITS now issued date FORWARD to 23rd May, 1980. It is my recommend-
ation that:
a) Permits already issued remain Valid, but NO MORE be issued.
b) Between now and the end of May 1980 a properly organised DUCK
SHOOTING GUN CLUB BE DRAWN UP BY THE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
MINISTRY DEPARTMENT, in consultation with EXPERIENCED DUCK HUNTERS,
to bring the Duck Control necessary under PROPER MANAGEMENT and
provision be made to benefit the RICE GROWERS, THE GOVERNMENT and
VACANCIES be left open for Overseas visiting Shooters to be able to
part ci pate.
o) Similar organised Shoots be organised in CROP DAMAGE PROBLEM AREAS,
but ONLY in PROBLEM AREAS.

2) PERMITS TO CAPTURE: Those already issued are divided up as follows:
a Permits to CAPTURE GAME ANIMALS.
b Permits to CAPTURE GAME BIRDS.
SPermits to CAPTURE BABOON AND MONKEYS.
di Permits to SHOOT GAME ANIMALS.
SPermits for ASSISTANTS PERMITS TO PERSONS ASSISTING FOR HUNTING
OR PHOTOGRAPHING.

A) PERMITS TO CAPTURE GAME ANIMALS: Special Directors Permits to capture
Game Animals (Excluding Birds) issued, number some twelve hundred animals
R permitted to be captured SINCE THE HUNTING BAN. Of these Permits it is
strange to note that 1043 animals have been PERMITTED to ONE FIRM alone,
which seems to show a strange bias towards this ONE FIRM, OUT OF THREE
WELL KNOWN LOCAL CAPTURE FIRMS. A further 103 animals were allowed to
this FIRM just prior to the ffUNTING BAN, again under Special Directors
Authorisations to bring their total to 1147 animals. It should be
particularly NOTED that this list includes 48 ELEPHANT, 20 RHINOCERUS
and 30 BONGO.
It is not understood why this FIR,4which is the only one of the three,
who HAS NOT GOT KENYA CITIZEN OWNERSHIP, should have been allocated such
a high proportion of the total of animals PERMITTED to be CAPTURED at
NO CHARGE OR FEE. It is known that the explanation which will be
offered, is that this FIRM was selected to do the CAPTURING on behalf
of the GOVERNMENT under Interterritorial Contracts, but it is doubtful
if this view point can be upheld after FULLER investigation is completed
into the number of Animals delivered to other Territories as against
their values of the Animals sold OVERSEAS. This aspect will be FULLY
investigated and relative costing will follow in a later Report. However,
it is already clear that the number of FREE VALUABLE ANIMALS PERMITTED on
"THESE SPECIAL DIRECTORS PERMITS" is out of all proportion to the valueof
Animals supplied to other Territories, if the statements made to the PRESS
by the Minister of TOURISM AND WILDLIFE are taken as a guide.




PAGE 2

are taken as a guide-

B) PERMITS TO CAPTURE BIRDS: Have not yet been detailed and a further
Report will follow, as PART OP CONTINUED REPORT IN PARA A.

0) PERMITS TO CAPTURE BABOON AND VERVET MONKEYSs The Fees charged appear
to be "VARIABLE" FOR NO KNOWN REASONS. FOR EXAMPLE in PERMIT NO. 315
of 28th February, 1979, NO limits of NUMBERS to be captured is set.
In PERMIT NO. 328 KSHS.250/- it CHARGED to CAPTURE 50 VERVET MONKEYS
and in the next Permit issued M0.329 KSHS.500/- is charged fore the
same NUMBERS OP VERVET MONKEYS. In PERIT NO0 317 a Permit to CAPTURE
50 CRESTED CRANES is issued for KSHS.1,000/- (KSHS.20/- EACH) and
PERMIT NO. 338 charges KSHS,.300/- for 30 CRESTED CRANES (KSHS.IO/- EACH)
and PERMIT N0.312 a FE of KSHS.2,000/- i. charged and NO CAPTURE LIMITS
SET. Then on the 19th February, 1979 PERMIT N0.310O allows CAPTURE OF
MONKEYS, BABOONS AND BUSH BABIES in "UNSPECIFIED NUMBERS" for
KSHS.2,000/- to M/S. ANIMAL FARE and in 7th March, 1979, PERMIT NO.322
repeats the Authority under the same terms* In PERMIT NO.359
50 BABOONS are charged at KSHS.lt00/- BUT on 15th May, 1979, PERMIT
10*406 charges KSHS.500/- FOR THE SAME NUMBER OF BABOONS.
Even not allowing for the "UNLIMITED PERMITS", some 1200 BABOONS AND
2980 VERVET M0N=B have been permitted to be CAPTURED under these
Permits, to give a Grand Total of 4180 Baboons and Monkeys and it is
felt this figure should be carefully examined to establish the
) "Scientific Requirements" for these two SPECIES, and the desirability
or not of allowing the continuation of CAPTURE. It is felt this would
best be arrived at by a. SPECIALISED CAPTURE COMMITTEE to monitor the
Authorisation of the issue of PERMITS, or NOT before any such PERi4ITS
were Authorised and this Cenmmittee would lay down standards to be
adhered to both in CAPTURE, HOLDING IN KENYA, and final destinations
and cover all aspects of the welfare of the Animals in question.
My full recommendations will follow after suitable consultation with
those best able to advise.

D) PE-SITS ISSUED TO SHOOT GAME ANIMALS UNDER SPECIAL DIRECTORS PxRMITS
SINCE DECE R 1976. FOR PLSURE OR SO CALLED "RESEARCH PURPOSES:
PERMITS for OVER ONE HUNDRED ANIMALS have been issued. In some cases
FEES have been CHARGED and in others NO FEE has been CHARGED
For Example in PERMIT NO.63 10 ZEBRA COST NOTHING, BUT on 15/2/1977,
I ZEBRA + I GRANT COST KSHS..700/- and on 29/1/1977 5 Animals cost
K3HS.550/-, while PERMIT N0.60 is FREE FOR FOUR ANIMALS.

R) ASSISTANTS PERMITS:' issued under Directors Special Authorisations
| were TWELVE all were issued FREE OF CHARGE.

CONSENT FOR MINING: These are being studied, but from preliminary
examinations it appears that such PERMITS may have been misused to give a
ready excuse to be "OFFI THE ROADS" inside NATIONAL PARKS OR RESERVES for
PURPOSES other thab "PROSPECTING". It would also seem desirable that it is
made conditional for the Licencing Officer to see and record on such PERIiITS
the fact that the Applicant has a VALID PROSPECTING and/or MINING LICE CE
and has the necessary Authority of the DEPARTMENT CONCERNED. Indeed, it
would seem wise to consult with the MINES DEPARTMENT and make MODIFICATIONS
to the FORM CONSENT FOR MINING (FORM 1) so that a PLACE IS MADE AT THE
HEAD OF SUCH FORM FOR THE ENTRY OF THE MINES AND GEOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT
LICENCE NUMBER and EXPIRY DATE and THE MINISTRY OF TOURISM CONSENT to
MINE DOCUMENT MUST CONFIRM TO THE SAME DATES AS THOSE OF THE LICENCE.
THIRTEEN PERMITS have been issued under these consent FOR MINING (FORM 1)
DOCUMEdTS. Please NOTE NUMBER 4 and 13 are the SAME COMPANY with different
BOX NUMBERS NUMBERS 5 and 8 are DIFFERENT COMPANY NAMES, under the SAME
BOX I UMB ER.
Some PERMITS issued have Expiry Dates others have NO Expiry Date.
PERMIT NO. 13 was issued on 9/6/1977, but Date on 12 and 14 BOTH 1978.
PERMIT NO. 2 had NO claim or location registered, but applied for &
SPECIAL LICENCE which was NOT granted, BUT She was granted a Ministry of
Tourism and Wildlife CONSENT to MINE NO.* 2. This would seem a wrong
practice*.
PERMIT NO. 6 have no Valid Lioenoe but despite this were issued with a
Consent to Mine.







PAGE NO. 3

-Consent to Nine-

PERMIT NO. 12 has Consent from the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife,
Permit No. 12 but has applied for but NOT yet been granted a Special
Licence to Nine.


SUMMABt:
1) NO CONSENT TO MINE be I sued until VALID MINE or PROSPECTING LICENCE
tis produced. WILDLIFE ACT be AMENDED.

2) CONSULTATION OCCUR RE RECOMMENDATION NO. 1 with MINES AND GEOLOGICAL
DEPARTMENT.

3) CONSENT TO MINE (FORM 1) BE MODIFIED TO MAKE PROVISION FORS

a) MINES DEPARTMENT LICENCE NUMBER.

b) DATE OF ISSUE OF THIS LICENCE.

o) DATE OF EXPIRY OF THIS LICENCF.

d) DATE OF ISSUE OF CONSENT TO ENTER PAEC OR RESERVE UNDER B.

e) DATE OF EXPIRE OF CONSENT TO MI92

f) DEFINITE CONDITIONS RELATING TO REPORTING INTENDED ACTIVITIES
AND VEHICLE NUMBER TO WARDEN i/o PAW OR RESERVE.

Consideration might be given to the total WITHDRAWAL of these
AUTHORISATIONS and all PROSPECTING and SURVEYINGO FOR PRECIOUS
MINERALS WITHIN THE BOUNDARIES OF PARKS BE ONLY UNDERTAKEN BT
GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL.











(21OUA (_U4 o tH_


DATED 12TH JULY 1979.





STRICKLY CONFIDENTIAL for youn eyes only.
MEMO RE IVORY EXPORT.

I) The Three Persons who know full details of this export are- / <4)
A) The Ntaitft Minister. /
---bl he--D-puy Dfrotor~rJames OCHOtL. _____ _
"The Chief Licenoi.ng OFFICER ,MR SANWEL OLE PUSSEY.
Y The latter is likely, to b- the most cooperative and would certainly -be-
\o spared to give me any details needed. ____ _______________

2)-Possible lines to follow to obtain details are as follows- "_
\ A) Direct contact with P.Sands CITES rep to ask him to detail figures he has
r given which disagree with figures here,
^hs) D reqt oontaot itWour l representatives in -----T--------
By obtaining the various dosuementations available here in Kenya and__
adding them all up. ~~__ -__-
'_ _It should be bourneid in mind that on a previous ivory shipmentix
y air in 1979 ,doouementation by the ailine VWx representatives had beoen
---modified and some of their employees were involved (Lufhansa)
should be further borne in mind that S.A.S has been repeatedly involved

Sdupious B.K shipments ,and their senior represtetives conceiled details
to E ,GOSS although it must be admitted that they later divulged them and
Sthe0 Monajl oonoeilment was at .41y die ei?%: Mlia ,

DITRECT-INFORMATrION--a BE-OBTAINED ROM- THE FOLLOWINGO PLACES-
--I) The Ivery Register kept by Mr Pua6ey.In it will be entered all the ivory
that remained in the store after the seizure of the previously attempted
shipment and that was moved to the GS.U. Store in 1979
*2) By direct oommunioation with Wardens who handed in Ivory as a result
of the redios signal sent out tohand in all trophies.Th*se figures
can be verified against the receipt and issue forms issued to the respective
-Wandens to support their ivory registersTesaeeoeipts are issued by
Mr Pusseys office at the time ivory is handed into Ikx his office.
3) Details and valuation of the-ivory etc seized in 1969 and held at the
G.S.U. can be obtained if required from myself or the person who did the
valuation .Details were also given to the Commisioner of Police and the
.... AgG. at that time The Hon Mr C. Ijonto in a written &report.
@ 4) No details are available to me as to what was held at the C.I*D store
and which it --is beleived was part of this shipment but thete should be
and ivory register there and receipts for it should have been is:jed to
S.the C.I.D- from the lioenoing office and copies of such receipts should be
S available at the lioenoing offoe with origonals at the C.I.D.Mr OOSS
S ; should be able to supply detailed information as to the totals handed into
the C.I.D by his A.Po forcesoeHoweve r this will NOT allow for-ivory-----
seized by local police stations or by outstations of the C.I.D and later
.. handed to -C.I D H.Q .. . ..... ...-. ........ ....
5) Certain ivory was seized at Nairobi Air-port in 1979 which was not
part of the ivery held at the G.S.U or the Ivory Register store under
Mr Pussey and wqs entirely illegal ivory,but this consignment would have
S gone into the C.ID store at that timeoThe matter was recorded in the
press _in detail and the Asian obnooerned was charged but no follow up
oocured XMr Soohki of the C.IoD;knows full details of this matter as
i does the Director of the CI.D. .
6) A consignment of IVORY in two wooden boxes in transit through NAIROBI
S AIRPORT to Paris was seized by C.I.D in 1979 and unless later returned
7- t -o Zambia would have- been part --of the recent shipment as it-was being---
held in C.I.D storage in 1979.Details of this are available on request
or by collection ..... ...
S7) Certain ivory was seized at Galana in 1979 and held at Voi police
.s t-i-nh- adnh- -i.Prettyjohn or Goes could supply -4etail --of this lot, -
.. or I could obtain from the former by request.






R. T. _T. o/o Mr. J. Irwin,
SP.O. Box 30036,
NAIROBI,
22nd July, 1979.

CONFIDENTIAL

The Commissioner of Police,
The Kenya Police,
Force Police Headquarters,
P.O. Box 30083,
NAIROBI.

INTERIM REPORT

Dear Sir,
Herewith my Second Report on the Wildlife Conservation and
Management Department and the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife.
It is by way of being an "Interim Report", to amplify on my Memo of
26th June, 1979, so as to enable you to judge how Investigations are
proceeding and to offer you the opportunity of asking any questions
which you may have or of directing me as to the priorities which you
may wish my efforts to be directed. The whole picture which is
gradually emerging is that the various investigations that were
occurring separately are, in fact, all inter-related and part of a
M IG SAW Pattern which is gradually becoming one complete Picture.
1) SPECIAL DIRECTORS PERMITS AND CONSENT TO MINE (FORM I):
A detailed investigation is underway as to possible abuses of
these documents and a detailed Report will follow.
Summary of facts which have already emerged from this investi-
gation are -
a) 71 PERMITS to shoot DUCK have been issued FREE OF CHARGE
since the Hunting Ban issue of further Permits has been
stopped and my recommendations will follow later.
No further action necessary at this stage.
b) Permits to capture over one thousand Game Animals have been
issued to ONE FIRM alone since the Hunting Ban. All SPECIAL
Directors Authorisation Permit Books have been WITHDRAWN for
EXAMINATION. It is proposed to hand back TWO UNUSED BOOKS
(Tickets No. 401 to 450 and 451 to 500) to the Ag. Director,
if you approve of this measure and to retain the balance
until investigations are completed.
Since Permits to Capture have included 48 Elephant,
20 Rhinocerus, 30 Bongo, detailed costings are being investi-
gated as to the probable profit made by the Capture FIRM in
question and as this necessitates a great deal of detailed
costing and research, the full Report will take some time to
prepare.
Permits also issued for the Capture of Baboon, Vervet Monkey
and Birds under SPECIAL Directors Authorisations are also being
invest i gated.
Permits to SHOOT over ONE HUNDRED Animals since the Hunting Ban
are also being looked into and will be the subject of the
detailed Report to follow.
2) The illegal EXPORT of 200 Kilos of RHINOCERUS HORN representing
ONE HUNDRED AND FORTY ONE Rhinocerus Horns is being investigated.
It was sent to WEST GERMANY.
3) The illegal (?) EXPORT of 4068 Kilos of IVORY TUSKS and a further
800 Kilos of illegal (?) EXPORT of IVORY into WEST GER1M1ANY is also
being investigated.




PAGE 2.

-is also being investigated-
4) Investigations continue into the IVORY and RHINO HORN seized when
ready for shipping and now held in the G.S.U. Store.
This Ivory, Rhino Horn when checked and valued on 21st June 1979
and 22nd June, 1979, proved to comprise of the following Lots:
a) Lot destined for WEST GERMANY.
b) Lot destined for HONG KONG.
c) Lot destined for GEBR WEINZ.
d) Lot LOOSE IVORY unpacked of APU/VOI IVORY.
e) Lot LOOSE IVORY unpacked said to be in Nairobi Ivory Register.

ILots A and B are the Lots referred to by the New Permanent Secretary of
the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife as the "SECRET AUCTION" 3
On preliminary valuation, these Lots appear to have been undervalued
by about U.S. A46,1393 and final valustion is likely to be a lot higher
and certainly in excess of U.S. A50,000. PAGE 1 of documentation
relating to LOT A has been mislaid by MR. RUHIU who promised it was in his
Office and would be available at a later date this still has not been
produced. The Carbon Copy of PAGE 2 was available. It is MARKED
"SOUND IVORY" and Mr. Ruhiu, under questioning, agreed he had been instruct-
ed to SELECT SOUND IVORY for this Lots BUT it should be noted that on the
Letter Wildlife Conservati onMMi&S&V Department/CONF. 19 of 22nd March,1979,
Sit had been MARKED as "MEDIUM/SLIGHTLY DEFECTIVE", presumably to justify
Sthe LOW PRICE PER KILO.
Lot B Destined for HONG KONG was in 3 PARTS or Lots Part 1 had docu-
mentation Part 2 documentation still to be produced.
Lot C Consisted of "SACKED IVORY" for which documentation was produced
Letter GA 16/1/1 of 21st September, 1978. Mr. Ruhiu stated that this
Ivory had been sold and paid for last year, but he did not know why it had
NOT BEEN SHIPPED OUT.
On opening the Consignment it proved to be as per the letter in TWO PARTS.
PART ONE (P 1 to P 5) was marked with "GOVERNMENT/STATION" Regulation Marks.
PART TWO was marked only with the word T"KALAWA".
This Third Consignment is highly SUSPECT, since it was all destined to go
to the FIRM in WEST GERMANY who have figured prominently recently in the
Newspaper relating to documentation alleged to be illegal by the Minister
of the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife and the second part of this Consign-
ment bears the name of the Company also under investigation relating to an
"AIR SHIPMENT of IVORY in TRANSIT"? Ivory ex a Uganda Company which seems to
be "NON EXISTENT" I! I
SLot D Consists of alleged VOI/APU IVORY and will be rechecked and re-
weighed when MR. GOSS is available to identify same with his Men. A few
sample random checks all proved to have been under-weighed. NO RECEIPT
HAD BEEN ISSUED for this IVORY.
Lot E Consisted of sundry IVORY said to be in the IVORY REGISTER of the
NAIROBI REGISTER. This will be verified at a later date.

APPENDIX A gives Preliminary valuations details detailed valuations
should be ready within TWO WEEKS, at the latest. /






PAGE 3.


APPENDIX A.


AFRO ASIASTICHE KUNST WEST GERMANY -
TENDER OFFER US $38.50 per Kilo.
Preliminary Valuation US $60 per Kilo -
Ivory in question 884.8 Kgs.
Auction Valuation Offer was 884.8 Kgs @ US $38.50 per Kg.
Preliminary Valuation is 884.8 Kgs @ US $60.00 "


= 34,064.8 US
= 53,088.0 "


UNDER VALUED BY............ 19,023.2 US $


2) HONG KONG K.P. PAREKH & SONS.,
LOT 1 offered in "SECRET AUCTION"
was 1355 Kgs @ US $38.50 per Kg.
LOT 2 offered in "SECRET AUCTION"
was 1634 Kgs @ US $10.00 "
GRAND TOTAL OF IVORY VALUATION OFFERED IN "SECRET AUCTION"
LOT 3 RHINO HORN -
30 Horns 26.5 Kgs @ US AI05 per Kilo..............


PRELIMINARY VALUATION IS:
LOT I....................... 1634
LOT 2.......................1244


Kos @ US A50.00 per Kg.
Kgs @ US $20.00 "


TOTAL PRELIMINARY VALUATION OF IVORY....................

LOT 3 27 RHINO HORNS,
26.6 Kgs @ US $200 per Kilo...........

TOTAL PRELIMINARY VALUATION OF LOTS 1, 2 and 3............

UNDER VALUED BY.........


= 52,167.50 us $

= 16,340.00 "
68,507.50 US

= 2,782.50 "
71,290.00 us $


- 68.200.00 US
= 24.880.00 ",
93.080.00o us


5,320.00 "

98.400.o00 us

27,110.00 US


ON FIRST VALUATION TOTAL UNDER VALUATION IS THEREFORE:
US A 19,023.2 + US A 27,110 = US A 46,133.2


Please take note that this Preliminary Valuation will be considerably below
the detailed valuation, so that one can safely say that the two Consignments
were under valued by at least US A50,000.

*8 Investigation is proceeding into the possible misuse of U.N.D.P. Vehicle-
detailed Report will follow when the facts become clear.

6) A File has been opened on FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION related to Wildlife Conser-
vation & Management Department and it is already clear, that only working since
1977 to date, large quantities of both HEAVY and LIGHT Calibre Ammunition have
been purchased, which is far in excess of normal requirements of Wildlife Con-
servation & Management Department.
It has also become clear that GOVERNMENT RIFLES AND AMMUNITION have been traded
with CIVILIANS for other RIFLES in a most irregular manner.

7) Investigation is proceeding into the SHOOTING of 3 ELEPHANT by Wildlife Conser-
vation & Management Department Personnel in the Aberdares.

8) Investigation is proceeding into the SHOOTING of 2 RHINOCERUS in the Aberdare
National Park and the involvement of Wildlife Conservation & Management
Department Personnel.


1)





/ /
/ /
PAGE 4.

-Management Department Personnel-

9) The IVORY/RHINO HORN Registers of NAIROBI and MOMBASA are being
investigated to establish how much Rhino Horn qnd Ivory handed in
by Stations has NOT been Registered and how much has been SOLD
direct to Persons and how much has been SHIPPED in the manner of
LOT C detailed earlier.
It is also being established what Stocks of Ivory and Rhino Horn now
remain on the Books and how much, in fact, is still held and exists.
ALL IVORY SEIZED is being re-weighed.

10) RHINOCERUS HORN EX ZAMBIA.

11) IVORY TRANSIT EX ZAMBIA.

12) PURCHASE OF MINNERVA AIRCRAFT.

13) SAS SHIPMENT OF IVORY IN "TRANSIT".

14) THOMPSON GAZELLE CASE SOLIO RANCH.

1l15) MISUSE OF SPECIAL PRINTED GATE ENTRANCE TICKET BOOKS HANDED OVER
TO C.I.D. NYERI.

I should be most grateful to receive the letter of Authority
which you kindly agreed you would give me as a result of my last inter-
view with you.





I am,
Your Obedient Servant, A
R.T. ELLIOTT.






R. T. ELLIOTT. o/o Mr. J. Irwin,
P.O. Box 30036,
NAIROBI,
16th August, 1979.

CONFIDENTIAL.
The commissioner of Police,
The Kenya Police Force Headquarters,
P.O. Box 30083,
NAIROBI.


.Dear Sir,
Mr. J. Irwin advised me that it is likely that we shall have
a "Joint Meeting" during the week of 20th August, 1979, and so I should
Up Date my interim Report dated 22nd July, 1979, which should have been
handed in to you at an earlier Meeting which was postponed.
Since time is a little short, I will Up Date the Report of
22nd July, 1979 using the same Headings and add at the end of this
Report details of any new Investigations underway.
1) SPECIAL DIRECTORS PERMITS Letters have been written to the
Ag. Director and to the U.S.A. and as soon as their replies are
received, this matter will be finalised. Meanwhile one unused
Book has been returned to the Ag. Director for his current needs
and he has been cautioned as to possible abuses of it.
2) "200 KILOS" of RHINO HORN EXPORTED TO WEST GERMANY, EX NAIROBI,
KENYA, WITHOUT ANY PERMITS. Some progress has been made and the
Investigation is about 'HALF COMPLETED'. It is clear at this stage
that a NUMBER of SUB-POST OFFICES around NAIROBI were involved and
the records at these places were not kept correctly or are missing.
It seems likely that the Postal Personnel, in question, were in
collusion with the Persons posting the Parcels. It is also clear
that Parcels posted were sometimes "HELD BACK", so that the
"Correct Man" would be on Duty at the Main Post Office when the
items were dispatched. It appears more than likely that the
Postal Authorities on Duty and the Customs Officers must have been
also aware of what was going on. It is also clear that other
"ILLEGAL EXPORTS" apart from RHINO HORN, were being sent out under
the same system and this is also being looked into.
3) I regret to report that it seems that the West Germany Authorities
/ may have "RELEASED" the whole of the Ivory held there and we have
written to establish "WHY" this was done since the Kenya Permits
were definitely irregular and the Ivory originated in Kenya.
4) One Lot of Ivory still remains to be weighed in detail, but it is
already clear that the Ivory sold in this so-called "SECRET AUCTION"
was undervalued by at least US.J65,285.00.
5) U.N.D.P. VEHICLE is still under Investigation. This Vehicle appears
to have been used as an Escort Vehicle for illegal cargoes and the
Fuel used in excess of that entered into work tickets is being in-
vestigated with the co-operation of the new Ag. Director.
6) FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION I recommend an immediate joint exercise
between the W.C.& M. Department and the Police to WITHDRAW ALL
REVOLVERS AND AUTOMATICS which are not under proper control or
required for good reasons. This should be followed by a similar
exercise to RECORD OR TRACE all W.C.& M. Department WEAPONS.
7) Was handed over to Mr. L. MUSA.
8) Was handed over to Mr. J. IRWIN to C.I.D.


-CONTINUED OVERLEAF-





-2-
The Commissioner of Police. 16th August, 1979.



9) NYERI IVORY AND RHINO HOW,,- Registers: Work is still proceeding
as other oases allow.
10) RHINO HORN EX ZAMBIA File has been sent to the AG'S. CHAMBERS.
11) IVORY EX ZAMBIA Still pending response from Zambia Police.
12) Handed over to Mr. J. Irwin.
13) Still under Investigation Search Warrant to be procured week of
20th August, 1979 or shortly after by arrangement with your Officers.
14) SOLIO TTOMSON GAZELLE File with AG'S CHAMBERS through Mr.J. Irwin.
i5) As before.
16) An UP DATED "INTERIM" VALUATION on the Ivory Auction and other Ivory
is attached.
I would still greatly value some sort of Letter of Authority
from you because, although I am aware it is unlikely to re-occur, I cannot
rely alone on getting through to you by phone. On the previous occasion
I endeavoured, through your Secretary, to set up a Meeting with you, but
* was completely defeated. I attach a possible Draft yon may rest
assured I will not abuse such a Letter or Authority but would only use
same in dire need I


A ^ ^JY

0 ,/i






, INTERIM "VALUATIONS" OP IVORY REFERRED TO BY THE NEW PERMANENT SECRETARY.
S OF THE MINISTRY OF TOURISM & WILDLIFE AS "SECRET AUCTIONS" HELD AT THE
GENERAL SERVICE UNIT STORE.
Please note that a final valuation is not possible until further
investigations are completed.- and full documentation is produced.
AS SORTED BY MR. RUHIU :-
LOT 'A' Destined to be sent to West Germany to (AIPROASIATISCHE KUNST,
WEST GERMANY).
LOT 'B' Destined for HONG KONG to (PAREKH, HONG KONG).
LOT 'C Destined to GEBR WEINZ.
SLOT 'D' Marked A.P.U. etc., as sorted by Mr. Ruhiu unpacked, stated by
him to be unsold Ivory.
SLOT 'E' Marked A.P.U. etc., as sorted by Mr. Ruhiu unpacked, stated by
him to be unsold Ivory of NRBI MARKING.


LOT 'A' -



























LOT 'B'-


To be sold to AFROASIATISCHE KUNST, WEST GERMANY LOCAL AGENTS
described as "YULU BROTHERS" (not yet identified), NAIROBI,
(as described in letter WCMD/CONF.19 of 22nd March, 1979),
140 pieces classified as Medium Grade/slightly defective to be
sold at US.438.50 per Kilo.
It should be noted that Page one of this Lot, as listed by
Mr. Ruhiu, is missing. Mr. Ruhiu states he will produce this
Page 1 later. It should however be noted that Page two at the
base thereof has been altered and the reason for this alteration
is being investigated and if Page one of the West German
documentation is produced, it will be easier to arrive at the
truth.
The actual Lot 'A' (packed) (as sorted by Mr. Ruhiu) was as
counted and weighed by us all.
115 Pieces of whole Ivory of 883 Kilos valued at a total
of US.A60,314.50 average value for this Lot as sorted was
US.A68.31 per Kilo, so was undervalued by US.A68.31 minus
US.f38.50 = undervalued by US.A29.81 per kilo or total under-
sale of US.$26,322.23 (US.$29.81 X 883 Kilos).
However it seems possible that some of the Ivory in Lot 'D' or 'E'
was destined to be included in this shipment, but this will only
become clear after final checks are made. But it can be noted
now that 140 pieces to total 1,000 Kilos was written into their
letter Reference WGMD/CONF.19 of 22nd March, 1979, so the Lot as
sorted by Mr. Ruhiu was "SHORT" by 25 Tusks and short in weight
by 117 Kilos, therefore it seems probable that the "missing" Ivory
Tusks destined for West Germany are to be found amongst Lots 'D'
or 'E', BUT HAD NOT BEEN PACKED and Page one of documentation was
"MISLAID" to confuse this issue.
To be sold to K.P. PAREKH AND SONS, 63 WINDYMN STREET, HONG KONG -
Local Agents described as PAREKH & SONS, HONG KONG I)
Lot 'B' as described in this letter WCMD/CONF.19 of 22nd March,1979,
is listed as follows :-
417 Pieces of SOUND/LOW GRADE IVORY of 1355 Kilos to be sold at
US.A38.50 per Kilo and 1460 Pieces of ROTTEN/BROKEN IVORY of
1355 Kilos to be sold at US.lO.OO per Kilo.
Documentation for 1335.7 Kilos as listed in 31 Packages and
SIX PAGES have been produced but documentation' for 1634 Kilos
is still unaccounted for. As listed and weighed by us, this
FIRST PART OF LOT 'B' consisted of 294 Pieces of Ivory of a total
weight of 1364 Kilos as against 417 Pieces of 1355 Kilos as listed
by W.6.& M. Department or 123 Pieces short and underweighed by 28.3 Kg.


-CONTINUED OVERLEAF-







-2-
However it should be noted, at this point, that APU Ivory Lot IDI
asL1sorted by Mr. Ruhiu consisted of 109 Pieces of a weight as
marked on Tusks of 292.07 Kilos and "NAIROBI" Marking on Lot 'E' of
86 Pieces of 425.0 Kilos as painted on Tusks (not yet weighed by me)
so it seems probable that some or all of this Ivory was to Uie part
of Lot 'A' or Lot 'B'. This can only be finally resolved when all
documentation is produced. This appears further confirmed by the
fact that their only COMPLETE PACKING LIST HEADED 'K.P. PAREKR &
SONS., (6 Pages) agrees in the NUMBER of TUSKS in each packed
Packet, but the packages had been underweighed in almost every case
so that the total weight exceeded the listed weight by 28.3 Kilos.
However, it is clear, that documentation as produced refers to that
weighed by us and as listed as 1355 Kilos in letter of WCMD/CONF.19
of 22nd March, 1979, shown as documentation as 1335 and on first
line of letter gradings as 1355 Kilos.
This left 1460 Pieces to weigh 1634 Kilos as listed to be produced.
In fact 20 Parcels of ROTTEN IVORY grossed 1244.3 Kilos when weighed
by us with its HESSIAN BAG, therefore this left 389.7 Kilos
unaccounted for in the second line of classification.
The RHINO HORNS proved to be 27 HORNS NOT 30 as listed
and weighed 26.5 Kilos undervalued by US.95 per Kilo or
us.$26.5 x 95 us.A2517.5.
To SUM UP UNDERVALUATION as noted to date appears to
be as follows :-
UNDERVALUATIONS:
LOT 'A' Destined for WEST GERMANY....................... .....US.26,322.23
LOT 'B' Destined for HONG KONG -
Line One Ivory undervaluedby...................... 36,446.00
Line Two NOT YET POSSIBLE TO VALUE.
RHINO HORN undervalued by........................ 2,517.50
PRESENT TOTAL UNDERVALUATION...................... US.$65,285.73

N.B. This makes no allowance for Line Two of letter of 22nd March
where Ivory was valued at US.O10 per Kilo and weighed 1634 Kilos
according to letter. It is to be presumed that this Ivory is,
in fact, Lots 'D1 and 'E' with a preliminary valuation of
US. A16,324.15 and US.A27,261.00 totalling US.$43,585.15 to total
an undervaluation of US.A108,870.88.
As almost every Lot weighed has proved to have been underweighed,
it is likely that the FINAL UNDERVALUATION will be in excess
of this figure.










R.T. Illtstt
0/e The Deputy Direwor,
C. ID* Headquar'tera
me "3005
Nairobi.

COHyiOBHITIAL 26th loveaber, 1979

The Comaissalioner,
The Komys Poltoo
emys Polio. Rsadquarteras,
Box "30.
SAIROBI

Doar Sir,
At the time of His Exeolleacy The PrOsiAMats visit to
ilei gae ROserve in Ooteobe 1978 yeu requested me to aake
a report e* the Wildlife Coeaservation & Managemeat Deparatmatp
pat aud present aotivities*
This 1 did in my report headed "Suggeatlioa for the
Re-orgaaizatiea of The VildlIto Coaservatlon & Waaajeneat
Departeat". This was submitted In early January, 1979 frie
my band to yours in the presoec of Mro J, Izrwian Deputq
Ditoter of the CI.D., and I made it olear in may report th
reasons I felt outsiders should be brought In to head this
rergaaiuatleon aad invstigatieae
I SeW eeleoe breirth a report detailing my tindings
trem Pobrury, 1979 oawr&M.

Yours taithfulS ,




RT,. xlliott
Kase









Rr?.PORT C MY SPECIAL COWFIDF.TIAL S3UXRIURS CARRIED OWT IN ACCORDANC



Za rebaurw, 1979 I had a sulot of a""tags with Mr. Jo. utiada
Vhlih result. Ia w being roqueBted to s late a positUoa aXlon gdo
hts a sa 'twightm out' tho. "pautst tom vitbhla. t wa wquatod
to be prepared to sip a oeeteaot tea t- ad a hl jyeost, ad
Mr. Jo Ntu*ks proald m O house 1is vlaiebi Partk, ao efflee next
to his a Usage bow ad i driver, asad full baek-up staff, muah as a
sewe"t a"y ftaoene
Xt was s" elea thatie-
1. ee ontusot Vas tew4-bmau although I had been
40"ed to oeemeo we k oa 1.3079 la ay e*wet,
vm If the eo treat was sot woad, SLaoW the
e IusAt ad b O tre e HiN Ss XUteas the PWOtMieatt
20 Nower of th* ot*o eWeelcts Offered wet frtheosiw s
the sati fteow *ont.
I ws thWe peuOW aAd by 1swsef mad etews to eOntlue sO
lesOStlgtSoesB fm witMiS the C.Z.D. though M. fwXJi". As you
we awaf, X uitetek the task with eoldeable rfelasetaaeose, sln
X Iuw ft the imowlodg obtaiMd with aW C.I.D, ffettio in
197/2 that the epeveas v*e armW ad pOwhlW. eowmwer. saio
It seem4 thb lot peolble opportulty that wa lIko1y to "ocur of
saving to villifto f thws eouat, m whieh is bined he pwl9oel0 s
Uraist tfdte sA wad ou"twe o eaalag ad boom" X had bee"
esqstet d 1w fis xaolloa thresgt ou to do, It deolded to
acopt ead to do or bat.
It sOe beOuMe leSr that the first report I had made tU you
mas oema vatv Is its tlest, amad that, I ftet, theo awrpties
sad ldpeiaX ofe thio toeMs obtaid was vlwith the aetlve patUolpatioae
of the Naisiste, dWmArd to the ft news.
U the Abeidsh Ratlilei Pt the p "IfhlOt of Rhiaoeet was
90 V Vlbdlito Coeae*tiUs ada mageest offlorews mad -* Is
es teuamI Pear, it was abest go StoMlw u wepeasiebl, uStl
Mr. o xvikbi took wr, whMa the pe atmge wa totuly rmersd with











about tkrt rUsm betng shiot %W WUldite Cuseration aend Imm at
iartimat persmael La t slaz week be was U oti.. 3. aim
LmitodL th m Of aU Maeh to at" to aseopt tus or. 1o. Jehems,
wew it was leAa tat be vam to hand tbok to hins, se the o.et t
ms IlellaM flto PPM4mt. M a wresoit ot thma tffloor's motem
ft ffl was *s* 6 th Ce h o.X n. ims Wok tell just saot st
.wtuimal Gimsemae bois tUems eimst th ffittier. quts file
we tforWA to 00 IS"i at vowift & VIIttei tw amspg eUeS
IV tUOi. I"e etmie Ws OmWUy isM4 with a 0WOU"O leitww t
th Riuietu'u
it Ums sleer t this *Uwege that .Oflftoe i ah* C.I.). a"t
is tho 010 1 MuPotlsrv ropAesmaS we fludbeb at to be-tw
o toll.w sa-me tuWc to fbi t em 6t Iq" It seeo boeim
lat t$at Ih vesnm ft this mm that to ottlees question we ,
tbumumelwves, imelwA, so elawl thOe Ua e st to Is k te aUtie
which voi "bend eate thme set bad olvsw is %rouM*
e. otter Rh. Jo ItUa was t Maskab sit the Depaoteost
a" "rR soi emaym *ftl at Atio tlm"Atosv ftrieasm of WrO Rttua
wvithis a" $WaSte- % aMWi fip withs the a ii"OUT. westk
- "p"sas t r. Simlio'. "wOiamst a" tuis s s gUet el 0 ttuasd

its Itr lWMON eLt that th Ua mt m i *lf, tas *0. 14. Ofts.,
ha' beow deply ovebwd Is *itom psetiomec soM t Speosly ab&*e
ta* p"we Sin g Os bea iw IS Xt O Willits "to "Ibs alsoe "
plaie the WOlsy ma Mtwvieai ple#eU is Oq wa aM t vsfuMto*
to give m a usalvas,
"bm mattes wkitc have moew c to eimt s a result of nf
Lave/stigein sea be itsmiue as Seltewe-
ImrwU"rlleft iM temi-d am f"ll-ni

Sherwt1 after wanelsg r lavestipitUmia It sa to my notles
that thO w0 a let st ipW and whim. tom Sad" ad eVafy
te s#t ftMOhSitg. As a ws lt eisWS iWS isseMn sfn6 it
OW inc4ni MItMIoE to 10 00 emeeaI SWvi-e %At iUMe
This twoI s 0eet Auo sta* ws 40s to this tlamsctiu e Io
te m PammMst Me etma, gr. Klbe, wgha he imtSvoived myselt
sa" Chie Xmspe r. o guess







-a-
oWjW




AV. the Uo01t#bl Vi tlhe lOu esltiem 44 100 fitasmt,
It wa #""Us e ant m eU the pesisut, aof OW Vin55I
eams" "0 meldrable hWlaM.f to be 04 I elwahm Is
tfuife"A Je-^k~kfwkj OVINTSW
?eM Nam e(alUstar his .i tlI, Is witisq, SO belag on
Rfteas Aessu Is Vw Teig. It iS also I M at ifeq WUi
Ias toi lem we PaM sM tva is$*m tl s Ntw Tus taa
Aefitt It to -ar tashat it t "l U "l&l t1Wt a Soa t*lI
to IOU' S fLtVIOMI A401u014 vitbWet pAOF fteHemte CaUSsl
approval, is It W elipne teat, asVI Inws other battle
usmr iBv**UtlgUoe% tbhis *Uwe aw be a s eis omma at
mmuabem CatnI Aefiflautt"Mm MhISe t"is to b*elag vWstigsaws
it shod& et" bet petbX* to ti out uhat ovwsees Bsemit
Ku, am* UstiOf b*e300 ua" aes" se his "els*1ous ua"h
Pepset *f him eIldomm wv e 00606l t fes WW t Am Il*y
06 their Velatim to martgee tao as tsimt JMTasmdms tw"Ims
*saw*. (flu #*tWla to V11e00 C.189.)
Ist bhmu be to" thaIt m list tho Mem M Tfwl.I mad VU ll4f
ssMA -a wites 4w0 to $ tPekmi s ive MIN ruhns btes
eve-wesi it mM shp it oett mad tWo asise wa astusll
is the proesss t $scg" Afg 1 1 is N MrMusA sa ge it stmeapp.
WAD ISt emv4A lIs follwlaB w lAU bhe bam the IteIto
1) St A MIA bet 8 Wi how. bete seat to Sedt AwnMMlm
PasoUaftle at & 1s Is lbs G.vomssst ot US 'm0a5.75.
U) fats to a" I VON hav bot m eust to otbther d"UstIat
at a otal lesw te Lsq sM Oigwmo t set ot C
WW roti 49W Wafmt MA sims t US V e AMU PiMntl
%elt avow t"at Wa MWV bee" reooips 4w -tered
Its t I Xwn Sagielus.
ilU) at X a saw uas Ibov.*
APeaii A at ths "Al 401a413 the 0deree of UMauftl* m", Was
re~flai o-eveta r O ht t0e- perlel j mSehi- .









It wu4 lda a that a awt S itof t VIAWUdllf CoMaovatis aMd
Maagfemsat Opartmest oe tm sea bave "onm& fo joeanes or tho
mimw* maip-meefo w ol)A have beau rptrU wA put right.e

U. I AnO Elmo ON1 3IWI
the Xvr eMd WAlS Nor glostwr of Nembes Sd wairo wvetor
takes pouessse of AS as oado to e stablU h whet bah *sew
1t the Gvwnnm lt Tropmhies. uh related doeesto aM voo
istwmelaVto wer also taeba over. tm thbfy vS. WUaleble but
the mreee woe maatoma4 to sw a oearsela Sad pew staowM
oa eesures ad oomuwmd s frsqumatl as to ask* tWs taik
vory diffieuit to firmallo
teo hArobi 2e9gitea wre taken ove. san I will fteal with oah
MIS sop-.t ,
_ira'bi u w, < VM This laelu&d ive mad rbim boe, aa
a* 4leaw at Uses wo. mad*e betwos tie two preo tsa
The o Statarto at TuWk $fo.1069/7 -S ato of jreipt w ro"pt
ambeAr ow sb-. g isb e ela s e Jmet fuO IO6/73 to
538 sa a"d not felltow esasofmtvely
Hut datea atry use 831 of 256.*74 a st appears to ma easesuttvell
to 1974 though saw efloeis s S ordeeetmems oew a* pae 13.,
140 IS MAM 16 without Oeplaata.s
i9M StUO witf A/"5 -A betwos peji 19 Mat 32 appar, to bo
well okept VaI the Lvey seat to the So h rem ter ewuesia
Prem 80.03.75 i st "mU'l to so. ae i o.mmNbmA d 04t eaouamblte
altwal4U am 4dlaetiio R osow to tho offl tal oMwIpt Auvmb,.
s 82.4%75 salo to others oeamasne Uewt aad the follinig
maM appeX is amittiom te S.om. altm.
IU Tn9r< ft 6nrato
t. Jeows & Atqueaev
8. towel & Niaorwea

4. mwIa L/lti.
5. OWt Ia Onehflv wL/
* eAt** XAs y s a"tiaej'
7. Aft. Aafta Clrftsx
8, Defcu. Orelt Iadustwia.u.-










9. fe VeiM v
10. C& Noama B. 1
11. Ais Iib/S.4. Raia
12. General MKtInUV
19 aI.J. nciy^^

14. Kersftji Gatura
15. City Fawwiers'-
16. WloR 4. Curlo & Crafte
Th1 t4Si of dreoot sales to the above name einlami tU
1.10M76 # 87, vhe soM oew asuse befa to apper.
17. 10b ol 9 z
l 18. Vi etoilmy Beflota
19. flarvr armew*/
20M. R., Us*e '
AU. VMS$i & pawtlaea's.7
About pep 88, 89 of 9.1976 SajOl & Parsae ea KeA Maji Gsfie;u
besm a(MM leu~ilag3l fregmes asS
22. QGM 4Mad JiwOls urfteWs'
Most of pae 100 t I blamau a" ll f 101 to blank.
IVORY settlesu oausa to pap 1103 wbha 60d4mliy wim bw he appear
os page 14*. is Nor well be asked what bappwosm to all rhim.
hOnt between pa" 1 ad pag 10 P vfti boms of ftow yoarst
Pape 124 IS sloarly marked kis* .ets but it ts set gelo
wbete neam born eatriss smse amd Ivory tGwUI 900a0-M-%te
It Is sloer tat a Mr. ROfind Abullah O 6r es a of
purchased abset "A time, bat that a mro Xuselorm. Salab "ad
Abduila Din Arwdila deamaato ta* preohabe of rhino bonk at pr"tow
that appear gnwmus to tho as"d mot to tha Osvew4mmet.
-DtoW af pe 127 Os Maa"Illod as is page 18 1291 130, 131
132, 15 d aA tv artateoat Ost wbhim n enbWt IVW buat
it ts set mawe slear befts the "hin hat between thum" caalled
pags, West to*
On pe~ 1 direct twory sale, to these listed arlier aft
rsommod up to p~e 139 whoa SM* Maina appoaws to doouate
purchase, pups 140o 14. 3M# 14%3 144# 14" after whfa the
usual trund is efmmedl *xopt that AAS ia 01 fabix Apper.
OA pae 1no &W Stuat- eaters the som ad uhwbrl ettow
SO*"&s curis"


-5-










rm page M6 C. ***ues sau Go ile s with ffteot tros 256.117
sA Ral.a Skia Craft Sppoar .m** frs o Mb fowteard thse firm
o0i8at4 th0 pfAbO kas, atd If thw puIes pPaid ar* 0asime
alniat the valuotiea give 1 mi, It will be oleewly Some tmat
the geed we bolag spely vdoa ld, fgym wVhih it usat be
presued thaMt the balmum Vw6 helag pAe *lswVrA isa outsid
earromugr
In Wreistea.' M in hi Bseam) gole 2 wirobih Pes I to 29
So l0le0 WdertaukLn it Sotet Auoti.na
POSw 6 to 27 MiUli iwVru It vas aot4 that ivwy nSd Vhiw
hm was resolved ftros Stations and Hmsbast asd that th
rotMits few uash Ivwry ow rhiso hbea w o soat liued at the
tis of roelipt, Zade o, oe soosasie the tvoy tore. "a et
owM oteor4d lat the e lVey realtOr uati sol etUO later Sd
the ltO sesod at tke tieM the C.I.D. took peasesien of tU
ivory Wre Set shwa is the iven eiasto It is to be
presumed that this va a coaevoiat sothed to obtais "uwpleso
ivory a" bsea hes ad I will detail Ister how it was die

Siaee the Reistratem VmAben Sivea bI statioeas got ohsaaed
at this poiat, Sao the Veoipts issued wre tar ts small for
the Jobs Mame sae ever adM vwured, uatil Ny otrtte, te
tofellw a tadW oer bas fram the station to maelbi to its
sale M"am te TOwn uy, it eloarly left a Systeo wide
OPM 1A the abuMM that htre amw oe0erred

a a quito prepered to drew p a amw System that cae be iilesaoted
bet I do ot wisk to Iavelve myslf further mlaso sau a syste IS
olag to be Offeetod uad shooeeked os. ad those fatlitAg to follow
pwwiws laid dows Ar lmediatls, sd effectively dealt with.
Sftoel very Optmotly about this, siso I Ws put ia to eleam sp a
DepUrtuSat, sa have t fros those that ahoul be as asti" me.
as almost egatvW attitutd. this troe almost alal sa d S ry. To
site but some smaples se y seoAeluseas to this Roport.
Ptw tbis ree I do sot proposed to nake this a very dtoual4
r legthy report, sine thers is little p oiat ia dILag as mloss
MW advtlo is Solus to be folloW4 aMA astoae e,
HM"Cs ..yi^Sedff ft-l. s-~
1. Waurh 1979
2. MeM 2 Juame, 1979 pressate b o ud.
3. No et 28 Jua 1979
4'










4, Report of 22 Jul, 1979
5. Report of 16 AUmWt, 1979
#* Pothing situmaties, MNoru attal Park al Aberdars vatiftal Park.
7. Loose Kinuto of Deputy Diector, CZ.D0 of 12th SBptembor, 1979
. Questioairo for son*. Haistor of f l.wim ma VlUIft.
90 Cedis of Usotplume for Wnoad to retoar. VIllifte ComrvatieO
and Nmesst Departmeost oeopy to the Attorney Soaer.,

Refore taSing om tOno yoA I cautioaned that a daoree of do-
Afriena t&Ilba would hay, to beO acept"M vithia Govemnt "ad it
vWoul be sealal e remer wrtei, offlter, sam l"ter omae free
thO sorvioo if tho Oax 1iS6 of alealng up tha hpartest ea"
Wiistw was t9 be o*fftlvo The pbeahiag, WaManed e OolNvr uw
ha bed Ix ywrs to se9 ip their pob lagh orgP Mutfois, mal tbe
have 4Wru police, *nters, aIrUwa Si,Pata aen O IS% their
ergamlatlose. Try te alto set up their on iatalU snos mrstme
witha thiN ose goraUisaso to give early werlan whena thbft
so w"o9.
iluw rem" o te beub tso habs retulted tn further sbheOtiag
tr ildlif CeotserrvaUoa 0ad naaaem otRp at pr.mmso l arol
Armb aa.

i *Cae. Omtet easeUdi
1. Y Kellr o gefres court hearing Deeebmi".
fwthor *a"u peaduis
2. 8. gl WtW Aetion amlto.4
3o. aftftb Airprt XZvy CeO.
&* Bail 9roSmd against Wy wishes.
b Bo I a date tixed fer ftseembeT ? anou n H
aam f this fin. arWO alo te fira that exqorto
the to hg f rthao hora to Vest memay.
Prta itmMe8 flev to U.1. (5p-off ot a llow0d
time*)
4. West Geuusay 200 kg ribio hera. Filo will Be heeded.


50 Vest 66ria *


evew to Rr J. Irda together with a
wMo of Busted tnw* *woUo of
eaoic rn vurel bt al ela o shove
is tSa oke to eou this ease may be a
tlop,
4,000 se #t t*flw.
.oor~espooace oontinau. oao *lo










basded *W t# C/2 HosS#T Vital
qustiu N met yet pat to l0a4 Raisturv
ro. sems 4 St. ubMS.
6. AAtewep *Iww Z ,low sm aa r ae e nootia
te A kMVoa gle4 Sed1w Ulve. in Wa wad
to bagwo
?. YTi Oares il trasult x Zosoka .USl *, (00o at iwoy
M, Ot Phi-M Ma) IBe wtO to date.
s. Oe sarW" st rhias toa by pane l pest Za sbia I aobi.
We arrest t* date.
9. PaVklads flouw* S ishaadled by Prklaad Pelime tbat
ae eMe Obarwed ad mew sAd uaam e je y "o t
10. Jaoarama ZavIfetats aDetalls budMl to Iviteet at
C... toP his furt er aetius.e Vet knev
whet a"tis talBsa
U. mouat IKow Safari Cluav aps Stulde0 Outstadiag
eOr a yewr ae eftsfetive tis 4esplts
repeated "e14w by b"puty Sreetetr e C..l.
Is. Otnesee Ca
a) t esaja vow*
b) r"W14"usa Nd"t NytuL

nPui haM Du "aty D'rate C4 .te. Us t w his he
setise. It is alru4 esloa tNt at te Use all
sthw WVP Bellievin PJeot loaded doa amd a11
UDII vehils wer wmregi*steMA a 6wrasat 'leiss,
that thi partiaular WIP ehi el I WS! retalMed
Its VGDP ambor plate aad to aw a masher plata
O[MI yea played lna tiu Ialrb Pae vekasap stom.
Ewv"erp te aM4l# revglarly uso" tM 6K pvowel pvo
at augata R dqarters fw petrel wa4 oe1 sad tas.
were pwrchaased 1y *Wlew mat for it. letvral haifdr
litree o ftl ow dnm ahlteh vere st n eoewite for
In tUe wk U 0a4t4e SUe Vehicle ItIf wa We s *o
Beswt duss t6 0'se the paone e I l al See"d
Of v-rleu matur suoak s goo trphise sad fttee.
Jaee4da Z AtsM t vt el we e w llkoiewdi agee

Slp Oetawia peesOM1um tfuuA tW H Jobs Rut t dAQ WS
aeutlwiMd to use this vthlale, and it as be safely
assumed, the vWae In the pletuir at what wam e*xpeed
Ot teM*. he mveiw-
MN. Jabs Wutiafe

Mr, o* Nurithi
wr. J, Bmbele
Iro. 0. W1SWT










rlvwrs autOisod WOve-


r 0 KftlwrI
?. Kalal



It Sekoauld be Uted that 1 osalt"tO to toki "AWONema
mW so SUOMme. rW D r l.,P.e@ I.sI whle MW
frm IalrebLi sto llv aulr ll i rw.*
ThI at maBwr plat* vo sA aw a mood An tam PaW
stow frm the tiln It was rolstere, to the til
We V. Sladily was a oLntad Actl; breetra.
This vohlU was involved la o, aeeiliest, sad tw qajrlis
to be atl vex pawse by tve Dl9m DiArntri. C,1,0. to
ro SOekAK. I have had sor tod %a,*.
*A Oh, f Sam Waon*5 Permitet
Slaobere the sa tale. t Direterfes Speeal
Auitklxiati has be to" (mdt tso am mt) bat
l a & .u this MsAi% A ftwa MO.* J Im. aa ow a
1laq~~s&4 e he bA t Unks AaLsuerA
Eeaa *~u Bmtnl o two 1- iph"a UW HmW
Me bed. anad boW am3te04 iw stated be hLar shot
this OLphoP t ft IMs MA 4 Chiet SMM Vaa*em's "l"its
*I0 this podt$ book has btea traood. 2t is not WdwIf
om sua a permit, and otls L tla tw" books traoeds OtU
hWe beon issued hims.I
CosfUidmilal 12JL1 atf lOA Aprll, &W 4t the Pewam at
Swutaa7, Winitafj of fun-ism Gat Sdl41fe "a the
K1Istew's diheti ve 4 aboat ts samw date prohlblted
ish isBmO. It Ua venard .5 lo imv-U tiis, hMW ew y
400: 9Wfti ts SW*wn& *lphmaft tor free iWsr e
iMBVIduas, MM why? Permits to sb lx 4% elopants la
t oW boks traeld have ala. eve to liUht In l91l
It will bUe rouile thm* Permits Vwo orig-aa4l, IiWA
at S".*500/- to hlit uadeWr vM rIg ruwd tul sWguh Waora
vorwt Oflew )ater them wer sht %ltmt loeavlma
thouL deeks (CIOhiemg). a"e t*q bav beooa "Biuar elephafte

15. IbO e tbO *l wMth the vi nistrl's lpawal,
is iNdr M inave tew thVr nmotia vill be based to Nro. Itis.