Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project: National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP) Grant Proposal

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Material Information

Title:
Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project: National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP) Grant Proposal
Physical Description:
Grant proposal
Language:
English
Creator:
Reakes, Patrick
Vargas-Betancourt, Margarita
de Farber, Bess
Torres Alamo, Myra
Taylor, Laurie N.
Publisher:
George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fl
Publication Date:

Subjects

Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
NDNP Grant Proposal. Proposal Summary: The University of Florida (UF) in partnership with the University of Puerto Rico (UPR) requests $343,850 (with $106,984 in combined contributed cost share from both institutions) to select, digitize, and make available to the Library of Congress 100,000 newspaper pages through the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP). Approximately half of the pages will come from historic Florida papers (1836‐1922) and the remaining half from newspapers published in Puerto Rico (1836‐1922). The project builds on previous NEH/NDNP newspaper digitization grant awards received by the George A. Smathers Libraries at UF and NEH funding for microfilming Puerto Rico newspapers received by UPR‐Rio Piedras Campus (UPR‐RP). The long history (since 1930) of the connection between the Latin American Collection at Smathers Libraries and the Caribbean makes possible the cooperation between UF and the UPR‐RP in this project. Previous successful cooperative work performed by UF and UPR with government documents projects, the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC), and most recently the digitization of the newspaper El Mundo (issues from 1928, 1938, and 1939) provides a sound foundation for this proposed expanded project. Although Puerto Rico newspapers are preserved on master microfilm, it should be noted that the vast majority of historical newspaper microfilming in Florida was performed by UF beginning in the 1940s. UF has the largest and most complete set of newspaper microfilm in the state. Newspapers chosen for digitization will be selected by Advisory Board members, consisting of librarians, history scholars, and journalists from both Puerto Rico and Florida. The selection process will focus on historical significance, broad geographic coverage, importance as “paper of record,” and archival imperative due to limited availability in microfilm or other formats. The digitization and OCR textconversion will be executed to Library of Congress specification via contract with a qualified outside vendor. Resulting digital files will be made available via NDNP based at the Library of Congress as well as the Florida Digital Newspaper Library (FDNL), the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC), and the Caribbean Digital Newspaper Project (CDNL), all hosted by the University of Florida as part of the University of Florida Libraries Digital Collections (UFDC), as well as in the Biblioteca Digital Puertorriqueña, hosted by UPR. Overall coordination of the selection, shipping, metadata creation, development of supporting bibliographic information, quality control, usability testing, and other work necessary to meet the requirements of the project will be accomplished through a collaboration between personnel at UF and UPR. The intent of the project team is to apply for additional funding in the future to create a digital newspaper archive that encompasses the majority of historical Florida papers and many of the papers published in Puerto Rico. The existing digital newspaper collections for both Florida and Puerto Rico have experienced very high patron usage to date and, in the case of the Puerto Rico newspapers, there are outstanding digitization opportunities available because of the accessibility of master microfilm. Dissemination of the project will be provided through digital hosting of newspaper collections by both institutions’ digital libraries serving a worldwide audience. Project team and Advisory Board members representing both institutions will promote the project and resulting digital content through their classes, libraries, institutions, 35 dLOC national and international partners, scholarly networks (including UF’s Title VI supported Center for Latin American Studies and UPR’s 11 campuses), and publications. UF plans to leverage its successful Google optimization techniques and promotional methods to drive users to these new collections (combined users of FDNP and CDNP/dLOC in 2012 totaled close to 19 million). Beyond vended digital conversion from microfilm, NEH requested funds will be used for microfilm duplication, project coordination including quality control, shipping, supplies, and travel to Washington DC and Florida for training and planning.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution.
System ID:
AA00019344:00001

Full Text

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project ABSTRACT The University of Florida (UF) in partnership with the University of Puerto Rico (UPR) requests $343,850 (with $106,984 in combined contributed cost share from both institutions) to select, digitize, and make available to the Library of Congress 100,000 newspaper pages through the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP). Approximately half of the pages will come from historic Florida papers (1836 1922) and the remaining half from newspapers published in Puerto Rico (1836 1922). The project builds on previous NEH/NDNP newspaper digitization grant awards received by the George A. Smathers Libraries at UF and NEH funding for microfilming Puerto Rico newspapers received by UPR Rio Piedras Campus (UPR RP). The long history (since 1930) of the connection between the Latin American Collection at Smathers Libraries and the Caribbean makes possible the cooperation between UF and the UPR RP in this project. Previous successful cooperative work performed by UF and UPR with government documents projects, the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC), and most recently the digitization of the newspaper El Mundo (issues from 1928, 1938, and 1939) provides a sound foundation for this proposed expanded project. Although Puerto Rico newspapers are preserved on master microfilm, it should be noted that the vast majority of historical newspaper microfilming in Florida was performed by UF beginning in the 1940s. UF has the largest and most complete set of newspaper microfilm in the state. Newspapers chosen for digitization will be selected by Advisory Board members, consisting of librarians, history scholars, and journalists from both Puerto Rico and Florida. The selection process will focus on historical significance, broad geographic coverage, importance as “paper of record,” and archival imperative due to limited availability in microfilm or other formats. The digitization and OCR text conversion will be executed to Library of Congress specification via contract with a qualified outside vendor. Resulting digital files will be made available via NDNP based at the Library of Congress as well as the Florida Digital Newspaper Library (FDNL) the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) and the Caribbean Digital Newspaper Project (CDNL) all hosted by the University of Florida as part of the University of Florida Libraries Digital Collections (UFDC), as well as in the Biblioteca Digital Puertorriquea hosted by UPR. Overall coordination of the selection, shipping, metadata creation, development of supporting bibliographic information, quality control, usability testing, and other work necessary to meet the requirements of the project will be accomplished through a collaboration between personnel at UF and UPR. The intent of the project team is to apply for additional funding in the future to create a digital newspaper archive that encompasses the majority of historical Florida papers and many of the papers published in Puerto Rico. The existing digital newspaper collections for both Florida and Puerto Rico have experienced very high patron usage to date and, in the case of the Puerto Rico newspapers, there are outstanding digitization opportunities available because of the accessibility of master microfilm. Dissemination of the project will be provided through digital hosting of newspaper collections by both institutions’ digital libraries serving a worldwide audience. Project team and Advisory Board members representing both institutions will promote the project and resulting digital content through their classes, libraries, institutions, 35 dLOC national and international partners, scholarly networks (including UF’s Title VI supported Center for Latin American Studies and UPR’s 11 campuses), and publications. UF plans to leverage its successful Google optimization techniques and promotional methods to drive users to these new collections (combined users of FDNP and CDNP/dLOC in 2012 totaled close to 19 million). Beyond vended digital conversion from microfilm, NEH requested funds will be used for microfilm duplication, project coordination including quality control, shipping, supplies, and travel to Washington DC and Florida for training and planning.

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida TABLE OF CONTENTS Narrative I. Project Overview……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1 II. History, Scope and Duration…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1 1. History of Newspapers in Florida ……………………………………… ………….......... ................. 2 2. History of Newspapers in Puerto Rico…………………………………… ……………….................. 4 3. Newspaper Collections: Paper and Microfilm…………………………………………………………… 6 4. Prior Newspaper Cataloging and Preservation Efforts………………………………………………. 6 5. Prior Newspaper Digitization Efforts………………………………………………………………………… 7 6. Newspaper Selection Plan………………………………………………………………………………………… 9 III. Methodology and Standards…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9 1. Access to Master Negative Microfilm, 1860 1922…………………………… ……………………..... 9 2. Newspaper Title Selection and Advisory Board Members……………………………………...... 10 IV. Work Plan………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 12 1. Selection of Titles, Evaluation of Microfilm, Microfilm Duplication, Vendor Selection 12 2. Metadata Preparation, Microfilm Digitization…………………………………………………………… 13 3. Creation of OCR Files, Quality Control and Validation……………………………………………….. 14 4. Delivery to LC and NEH, Dissemination of Project……………………………………………………… 15 5. Timeframe, Activities and Responsible Institutions…………………………………………………… 16 V. Key Personnel…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 16 1. Key Personnel – UF………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 16 2. Key Personnel – UPR RP……………………………………………………………………………………………… 19 Budget Budget Notes Budget Agreement (UPR RP) Federally Negotiated IDC Rate Agreement (UF and UPR RP) Appendices A. Bibliography B. List of microfilm titles at UF C. List of microfilm titles at UPR D. Chronology of Florida newspapers E. Chronology of Puerto Rico history F. Representative samples G. Brief resumes H. Job descriptions I. Letters of commitment and support J. UPR RP Microfilm Center list of subscribers History of Awards Project Advisory Board Members

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 1 Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project Project Overview The University of Florida (UF) in partnership with the University of Puerto Rico (UPR) requests $343,850 (with $106,984 in combined contributed cost share from both institutions) to select, digitize and make available to the Library of Congress 100,000 newspaper pages through the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP). Approximately half of the pages will come from historic Florida papers (1836 1922) and the remaining half from newspapers published in Puerto Rico (1836 1922). The project builds on previous NEH/NDNP newspaper digitization grant awards received by the George A. Smathers Libraries at UF and NEH funding for microfilming Puerto Rico newspapers received by UPR Rio Piedras Campus (UPR RP). The long history (since 1930) of the connection between the Latin American Collection at Smathers Libraries and the Caribbean makes possible the cooperation between UF and the UPR RP in this project. Previous successful cooperative work performed by UF and UPR with government documents projects, the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC), and most recently the digitization of the newspaper El Mundo (issues from 1928, 1938, and 1939) provides a sound foundation for this expanded project. Although Puerto Rico newspapers are preserved on master microfilm, it should be noted that the vast majority of historical newspaper microfilming in Florida was performed by UF beginning in the 1940s. UF has the largest and most complete set of newspaper microfilm in the state. Newspapers chosen for digitization will be selected by Advisory Board members, consisting of librarians, history scholars, and journalists from both Puerto Rico and Florida. The selection process will focus on historical significance, broad geographic coverage, importance as “paper of record,” and archival imperative due to limited availability in microfilm or other formats. The digitization and OCR text conversion will be executed to Library of Congress specification via contract with a qualified outside vendor. Resulting digital files will be made available through NDNP based at the Library of Congress (LC) as well as the Florida Digital Newspaper Library (FDNL), the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC), and the Caribbean Digital Newspaper Project (CDNL), all hosted by UF as part of the University of Florida Libraries Digital Collections (UFDC), as well as in the Biblioteca Digital Puertorriquea, hosted by UPR. Overall coordination of the selection, shipping, metadata creation, development of supporting bibliographic information, quality control, and other work necessary to meet the requirements of the project will be accomplished through a collaboration between personnel at UF and UPR. The intent of the project team is to apply for additional funding in the future to create a digital newspaper archive that encompasses the majority of historical Florida papers and many of the papers published in Puerto Rico. The existing digital newspaper collections for both Florida and Puerto Rico have experienced very high patron usage to date (combined users of FDNP and CDNP/dLOC in 2012 totaled close to 19 million) and, in the case of the Puerto Rico newspapers, there are outstanding digitization opportunities available because of the accessibility of master microfilm. History and Scope of Project Between the 1830s and 1920s the newspapers in both Florida and Puerto Rico reported on numerous events of historical importance, as is apparent in the following sections. Currently it is extremely difficult and labor intensive for researchers to compare and contrast newspaper coverage of important historical events in the two geographic areas. While the collections and resources available at the University of Florida and the University of Puerto Rico differ in many ways, the availability of news content from both collections will provide many unique, valuable, and synergistic research opportunities.

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 2 History of Newspapers in Florida 1836 1922 Newspapers have a long and distinguished history in Florida, dating back to the East Florida Gazette a Tory newspaper published in St. Augustine while the region was under British rule in 1783. There also is indirect evidence of a Spanish language newspaper, El Telegrafo de las Floridas being published at Fernandina in 1817. During this timeframe the Seminole Wars began. Lasting until around 1860, these “wars” were comprised of various intermittent conflicts between the various Native American populations, the black population and the white settlers of the region. After Florida was ceded by Spain to the US and became an American territory in 1821, The Floridian began publication in Pensacola and the Florida Gazette began publication in St. Augustine. In 1830 Florida was still sparsely populated, with only 34,730 people living in the 15 counties within the territory. Although, according to James Owen Knauss, there were 44 newspapers published during the territorial period. Knauss's book, Territorial Florida Journalism is generally considered the single authoritative source for information on newspapers in Florida during this period. An analysis of these territorial newspapers indicates publications focused heavily on promoting immigration and statehood for Florida. By 1845, the year Florida became a state, Florida's population stood at 66,000. The Act establishing statehood for Florida was approved on March 3, 1845 by the second session of the 28th Congress, making it the 27th state admitted to the Union. In the years leading up to the Civil War the number of Florida newspapers, and their influence, had increased greatly. Most had strongly partisan views, including the Florida Whig in Marianna and The Whig Banner in Palatka. By the beginning of the Civil War the state's newspapers had become sharply political. Democratic papers like The Southern Confederacy published in Jacksonville (1861) were eventually countered by Republican papers like The True Southerner published in Tampa (1868). Jacksonville's Republican paper, the Florida Union (1864), continues today as The Florida Times Union Although there were only 26 weekly newspapers in publication during the war period they played a large role in the issues of the day, including the defense of slavery and support for secession and war. The Tallahassee Floridian and Journal was an early supporter of secession and many other papers urged citizens to form militias in preparation for war. During the Civil War, a number of important battles were fought on Florida soil, including the Battle of Olustee, the Battle of Natural Bridge and the attack at Fort Pickens in Pensacola. At least one newspaper, the St. Augustine Examiner was taken over and published by Union forces. The Key of the Gulf (Key West) also was seized by Union forces and the editors were replaced with pro Union supporters. One Confederate newspaper became the state's first African American title. Josiah Walls, who came to Florida in 1864 with the Third Infantry Regiment, United States Colored Troops, purchased The Cotton States from a former Union general after the war and published The New Era from Gainesville, in 1873. Newspapers and their publishers then went on to wield heavy influence on the political and social developments of Reconstruction, with Florida’s total papers growing to 42 during this period. The period from Reconstruction until the crash of 1929 was a time of substantial growth in Florida. The economic boom and resulting increases in building, expansion and tourism had significant impact on the state. During the mid 1870s the expansion of the railroad system in Florida began, spearheaded primarily by industrialists William D. Chipley, Henry B. Plant, and Henry M. Flagler. In 1876 the state

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 3 played a decisive role in the controversial presidential election between Samuel Tilden and Rutherford Hayes, when Florida was one of three states with disputed electoral votes. Newspapers were covering, among other events, war, the yellow fever epidemics, the land boom, natural disasters, and the coming of the automobile. The “Great Freeze” of 1894 destroyed a large percentage of the agriculture in Florida, most importantly the citrus trees that had become one of the primary crops. The resulting damage heavily impacted real estate values and slowed the state’s growth. The Spanish American War, due to the geographic proximity to Florida, greatly impacted the population of Florida and the port city of Tampa was used as the embarkation point for the invasion of Cuba. Other cities were used as reinforced bases or camps and thousands of soldiers and others who had entered the state during the war returned afterward as permanent residents. By 1905, the year before the first of three major hurricanes hit the state, Florida had close to 600,000 residents and 173 newspapers/periodicals, including 19 daily papers. During World War I the state’s shipyards, agriculture and population were heavily impacted and Florida was one of the primary training grounds for World War I fighting men, particularly aviators, as weather permitted year round activity. The post World War I period saw the number of dailies grow to 33 in 1921 and 53 in 1925, although the land boom collapse dropped that number to 46 by 1927. Another major storm hit in 1926 and in 1928 one of the greatest natural disasters ever to occur in the US hit the Lake Okeechobee region. As the state evolved from an agrarian to a more urban state, newspaper circulation increased substantially in the large urban areas around Jacksonville, Miami and Tampa and coverage began to focus more on national news than in previous periods. In addition, the larger urban papers began featuring far more foreign news for the first time since the Great War. Since the 1930s Florida newspapers have been responsible for keeping Floridians informed about important events on the local, state, national and international levels. World War II had a significant impact on the state and newspapers led a patriotic outpouring of support. Newspapers also played a key role in the civil rights movement, reported on events in Cuba, covered the space race and the worldwide impact of Cape Canaveral, and detailed the development of Disney World in central Florida. A line drawn across the Florida peninsula from the mouth of the Suwannee River on the Gulf of Mexico to Daytona Beach creates a northern and southern division more eye opening than the historical east west partition. Two thirds of the total population lived in the northern section at the turn of the century; less than a fifth of total population remains at the close of the century. Newspapers in the northern section tend to have been published continuously in stable communities for long periods. The diversity in Florida's newspapers is largely attributable to population movements into the southern section of the peninsula. Retirees, tourists, immigrants, and refugees have converged from numerous points, and there are newspapers serving a variety of groups and interests. Close to two million Floridians currently are of Hispanic origin, and 280 Spanish language newspapers are listed in the US Newspaper Program database, all published in the southern section of the state and three dating from the last century. The Spanish language La Gaceta begun in Tampa in 1922, soon included an Italian language section among its pages, recognizing fellow immigrants proficient in a language other than English. Fifty two African American titles have been identified. Florida currently has several metropolitan dailies with national reputations and nearly 900 weeklies in publication. (See Appendix D for the authoritative chronology of Florida newspaper history.)

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 4 History of Newspapers in Puerto Rico As the chronology of events in Puerto Rico suggests, the period between 1836 and 1922 was pivotal in the history of Puerto Rico. The major protagonists of this period—colonial authorities, the elite, political actors, labor activists, women, etc.—used newspapers to promote their activities. The result is that the connection between Puerto Rico’s newspapers and its history is intrinsic. In addition, newspapers of this period can bring to light the nature of the relationship between Puerto Rico and the US, a relationship that has been emblematic of the relationship between the US and Latin America in general. The printing press arrived in Puerto Rico at the beginning of the 19th century, late in comparison to other Spanish colonies. Circa 1807, La Gaceta de Puerto Rico was founded. It was the first newspaper printed in Puerto Rico. Although it included insular and European news, La Gaceta reflected the views of the Spanish government and eventually became a singular means of official communication. Puerto Rico’s first daily, Diario Liberal y de Variedades de Puerto Rico appeared in 1821. As a reflection of the liberal climate in Spain and its colonies at the time, this newspaper included discussions on the rights of farmers to possess land. In 1834, the Spanish Crown regained power and began to censor the press. The Boletn Mercantil de Puerto Rico was founded in 1839 as a result of the creation of the Chamber of Commerce. Although at first its purpose was to promote commerce, industry, agriculture, and literary production, it later became a semi official instrument of the Spanish government. Both La Gaceta and the Boletn condemned the movements toward independence and the abolishment of slavery that took place in the 1870s. The years between 1870 and 1874 saw the beginning of 45 newspapers. This was due in great part to Spain’s new printing law of May 6, 1866, which in general terms considered it a crime to write against the King and the Real Family, the Legislative Chambers, the Parliamentarians, and other ministers and other governmental authorities; it also was proscribed to issue journal articles which could affect the fidelity or discipline of the Armed Forces. This law was applied to Puerto Rico in 1869 and 1870. Upon its 1874 restoration in Spain, censorship again became law, yet Puerto Rico would never return to the times when one or two newspapers, mouthpieces of the reigning powers, existed. After Spain’s democracy period (1868 1874), the press gained a great momentum. The establishment of the First Spanish Republic in 1873 gave way to the foundation of many newspapers both liberal and conservative, such as Don Simplicio, Don Cndido, La Verdad, El Avisador del Comercio, El Semanario Puertorriqueo, and others. Governor Primo de Rivera’s press conference in 1873 highlights the influence of the press. After announcing the imminence of the Spanish American war, the governor asked for moderation from the press. He wanted to avoid alarming the population or offending the US government. The fall of the First Spanish Republic in 1874 gave way to a period of conservatism and repression. Governor General Jos Laureano Sanz began the repression of liberal intellectuals and their newspapers. Despite the conservative environment, two of the most important liberal newspapers appeared in San Juan: El Buscapi (1877) and El Clamor del Pas (1883). These papers criticized the tyranny of Spanish governors, and thus, suffered censorship and punishment. At the same time, numerous newspapers appeared in other cities including Ponce, Mayagez, Caguas, and Fajardo. One of the most important newspapers founded in San Juan was La Integridad Nacional (1885), a publication of the party Incondicional Espaol. The year 1887 was one of severe persecution against liberals. Journalists and editors were imprisoned and condemned to death. Liberal newspapers like El Clamor del Pas and El Buscapi denounced the persecution, whereas conservative newspapers like El Boletn attacked those seeking autonomy. Many newspapers disappeared. Both El Porvenir and El Escarpelo founded in Cayey

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 5 in 1889, came to swift ends, but had as a worthy successor in the weekly El Can which suffered significant reprisals for its attacks on the government and for writing about slavery issues. In 1890, 19 newspapers were started; 25 more followed suit in 1891 and an additional 27 came into being in 1892. Especially noteworthy from 1892 is El Noticiero (successor to El Diario de Ponce ) founded by Ramn Mara. On May, 1893, Aguadilla’s first newspaper, La Regin was first published; however, that year also would be its last. Also in 1893, Aguadilla’s El Criollo replaced Voz del Pueblo which was directed by Pedro Acevedo Rivera. The Puerto Rican press experienced a great transformation during the last decade of the 19th century. Doctrinaire journalism gave way to critical and news information. Journalists became more professional; permanent sections appeared, and editors began to rely more on “facts” than opinion and imagination. Luis Muoz Rivera, founder of the Union Party, opened La Democracia at the beginning of the decade. Because of its popularity, it became one of the most influential newspapers of the time. It was one of the first newspapers to take advantage of new technologies and of international correspondents. However, the newspaper that set a new paradigm was La Correspondencia de Puerto Rico (1890) Ramn B. Lpez, its founder, was not a politician but a businessman. He wanted his newspaper to be profitable. Unlike other newspapers of the time, La Correspondencia was a daily that published interesting news instead of political discourse. It did not side with any political group or ideology. In addition to news, it included advertising, and it was very cheap and became very popular. Other newspapers had to follow this model in order to compete This decade also saw the development of a strong labor movement in Puerto Rico. In 1897, Ensayo Obrero, the first newspaper associated with this movement was published. The years previous to the Spanish American War were an intense period in Puerto Rican Press. There was great discussion on the role of US newspapers as instigators of the war, of the reaction of the European press, and of the economic dependency of the Caribbean on US markets and products. During the Spanish American War, many US correspondents traveled to Cuba and Puerto Rico to cover the news of the insurrection and other events related to the war. Reporters such as Edwin Emerson, who was accredited by the U.S. Navy and Army, had a two fold mission: to send secret reports to the government about the happenings of the war and to send public news to their respective newspapers. These reporters were flocking to Key West, Tampa and Pensacola to develop plans to reach the Islands to cover these events. The reports and articles of these journalists were published in newspapers such as the Equator Democrat (Key West, FL), the Herald Harper’s Weekly World’s Chicago Record and the Chicago Daily News Puerto Rican journalists also began to compare and contrast their press to that of the US. Liberals admired the idea of free speech, whereas conservatives denounced its sensationalism. Once the Spanish American War began, the press carefully followed its development because Puerto Ricans knew that this war would change their fate. Prior to the transference of Puerto Rico’s sovereignty to the US, the first English newspaper was published: The Porto Rico Mail (1898) After the transference, the American eagle replaced Spain’s coat of arms in La Gaceta de Puerto Rico, which disappeared soon after Subsequent years featured constant persecution of journalists. La Democracia deplored the arrival of US companies, but the government repressed the newspaper. Luis Muoz Rivera, founder of La Democracia and of the Union Party, opened another newspaper: Diario de Puerto Rico (1900) Both newspapers sponsored a certain degree of autonomy for Puerto Rico, and as a result suffered censorship. Like before, Puerto Rican newspapers continued to reflect the political dichotomy between

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 6 liberals and conservatives. Puerto Rico’s Republican Party founded El Aguila de Puerto Rico (1901) and El Tiempo (1907). Like the party, these papers promoted annexation and statehood. On the other hand, Santiago Iglesias, leader of the labor movement, founded the newspaper Unin Obrera (1902). At the same time, existing newspapers experienced dramatic changes. Manuel Zeno Ganda, medical doctor, writer, politician, and journalist, bought La Correspondencia de Puerto Rico and gave it a political theme, whereas El Boletn became more journalistic. It also was the first Puerto Rican newspaper to import a linotype machine; La Democracia, El Tiempo, and La Correspondencia followed it By the end of the first decade of the 20th century, several English newspapers began publication, such as The Portorrican Student (1908) The Horticultural News (1910), and Porto Rico Progress (1910). Three of the most important newspapers in Puerto Rico started publication during the 1910s: El Diario de Puerto Rico (Ponce, 1909), Puerto Rico Ilustrado (1910) and El Mundo (1919) El Diario de Puerto Rico was very influential during the entire 20th century, and it continues to be published as El Nuevo Da. The Puerto Rico Ilustrado had a great impact on Puerto Rican literary production at the time, and El Mundo became one of the most popular newspapers. In his inaugural speech delivered in 1921, Governor Emmet Montgomery Reily declared that the US government was opposed to any kind of autonomy for Puerto Rico and that it considered “foreigners” those who supported it. He specifically asked the press to stop inciting such ideas. La Democracia reacted with a campaign against the governor. One of the participants was Luis Muoz Marn, son of Luis Muoz Rivera and future first elected governor of Puerto Rico. Because Governor Reily had dismissed the advice of the Bureau of Insular Affairs, the US institution that advised US administration on Puerto Rican matters, the Bureau did not support Reily against his political enemies and against opposition journalism. As a result, Reily was removed. This incident illustrates the impact of the press on Puerto Rico’s history. (See Appendix E for a chronology of Puerto Rico’s history.) Newspaper Collections: Paper and Microfilm The P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History at UF holds the largest collection of newspapers in the state and is Florida's only collection of newspapers on preservation microfilm. Collection and preservation efforts begun in 1944 called for acquisition of at least one newspaper from each of Florida's 67 counties on an ongoing basis. The Puerto Rican Collection at UPR RP holds the largest collection of newspapers on paper and microfilm in Puerto Rico. Since its official foundation in 1940, the Puerto Rican Collection has acquired by purchase or donation all the Puerto Rican national and local newspapers. In 1984, through the Puerto Rico Newspaper Project an important collection of 19th century papers was obtained. For more than 55 years there has been an ongoing effort of preservation of these newspapers on microfilm. Prior Cataloging and Preservation Efforts Newspapers cataloged in the USNP: FL projects were cataloged to guidelines specified in The Newspaper Cataloging Manual CONSER/USNP Edition in OCLC and local and state catalogs, as well as in a database maintained by the USNP:FL program at UF. As a result, online records described the details of the preservation microfilms created by the project in addition to the characteristics of the source newspapers. Holdings records, i.e., Union List records in OCLC and MARC Holdings records in local and state cataloging, also were created specific to preservation microfilm holdings. Smathers Libraries' Catalog Department serials catalogers continue to maintain these records and to update them with new holdings and title changes.

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 7 Smathers Libraries at UF began to produce in house microfilm copies of its Florida newspapers in 1947. Additional microfilm of current and back runs is purchased from commercial microform publishers. The Florida newspaper microfilm collection now holds more than 10,000 reels, all preserved on polyester based, silver negative 35 mm microfilms stored remotely in two generations under ANSI standard conditions. Preservation microfilms listed by the USNP: FL project were those held primarily by UF. With few exceptions, each of these titles had been filmed in the course of UF’s on going newspaper preservation microfilming program prior to the USNP. The Library System of UPR RP has been considered a pioneer on the island for its microfilming activities. For more than 55 years it has microfilmed local newspapers and other rare and special items from the Coleccin Puertorriquea (Puerto Rican Collection). The Microfilm Center has microfilming arrangements with other institutions, such as public and private college and university libraries, as well as governmental agency libraries and other resource learning centers (see Appendix J). The Microfilm Center has an ongoing microfilming program of major newspapers published in Puerto Rico. The microfilm masters are kept in a vault that holds more than 7,000 reels, including all titles filmed for the Puerto Rico Newspaper Project. Duplication of microfilms is done on a regular basis to replace cracked and deteriorated reels due to usage. At present, the Center microfilms current newspapers received by the Coleccin Puertorriquea. The newspapers’ detailed holdings are registered on a card catalog in the Puerto Rican Collection. Online records of the newspapers on paper and microfilm with a holdings summary are available in the OCLC database and can be accessed through the WorldCat. These records were created following OCLC standards for descriptive cataloging, serials cataloging, and subject cataloging. As part of a conversion project, a few newspapers on paper and microfilm are available through the online catalog of the University of Puerto Rico. These online records were created following the cataloging practices documented in the Cataloging Manual of the University of Puerto Rico Ro Piedras Campus Library System. This manual follows the standards for descriptive cataloging and access (the latest edition of the Anglo American Cataloging Rules ), subject analysis ( Library of Congress Subject Headings) and MARC coding that are used in the Department of Cataloging. Prior Newspaper Digitization Efforts The University of Florida Digital Collections (UFDC) hosts more than 300 outstanding digital collections, containing over eight million pages of unique manuscripts and letters, antique maps, rare children's literature books, theses and dissertations, newspapers, historic photographs, oral histories, and more. UFDC enables users to find unique and rare digitized materials held at UF and partner institutions. The Smathers Libraries is a previous NEH National Digital Newspaper Project awardee and has already contributed over 100,000 pages from newspapers published in Florida between 1900 and 1910 to the Chronicling America database. The Florida Digital Newspaper Library (FDNL) is an ongoing newspaper digitization project which provides access to over 1,376,000 pages of historic through current Florida. Newspapers in FDNL are openly and freely available with zoomable page images and full text. FDNL builds on work completed in microfilm for the Florida Newspaper Project and includes current Florida newspapers, digitized from 2005 present, the Digital Military Newspaper Library (a pilot project for military newspapers published in Florida and the Caribbean), historic Florida newspapers and historic news accounts from sources

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 8 published outside Florida. During 2012 there were approximately 15.5 million page views of FDNL content. UF is a founding partner of the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) and is co administrator, along with Florida International University (FIU) and the University of the Virgin Islands. The Smathers Libraries also provides the technical infrastructure for the project. dLOC is a cooperative of 3 5 national and international partners including the Caribbean and circum Caribbean that provides users with access to digitized versions of Caribbean cultural, historical, and research materials. Types of collections include but are not limited to: newspapers, archives of Caribbean leaders and governments, official documents, documentation and numeric data for ecosystems, scientific scholarship, historic and contemporary maps, oral and popular histories, travel accounts, literature and poetry, musical expressions, and artifacts. During 2012 there were over three million page views of the dLOC content. In addition to providing the technical infrastructure, training, and support for dLOC activities and FDNL, the Smathers Libraries at provide support for numerous shared digital collections and libraries with many partners at UF, in Florida, in the US, and around the world to support to individual and cooperative digital library initiatives, and to ensure permanent access and preservation for all materials. The digitizing efforts of the Library System of the University of Puerto Rico Ro Piedras campus began in 2003 with El Mundo Newspaper Photograph Collection Digitization Project. This vast and unique photographic archive holds more than 1.2 million images black and white prints, negatives and color slides that constitute a graphical representation of Puerto Rican history in the 20th century. Most of these images have not been published. Currently, the images from El Mundo are being uploaded to the Biblioteca Digital Puertorriquea which was created and developed through funding from NEH. To date, UPR RP has not been engaged in specifically digitizing newspapers. The Digital Library, an online repository of information resources related to Puerto Rican history and culture was inaugurated in 2007. It assures documentary legacy preservation, access and dissemination to UPR’s Library System; it also provides free and open access through the Internet to researchers, scholars, students, and anyone interested in the history, politics, economy, social and cultural issues, and events of Puerto Rico from the 19th century to the present. This digital archive comprises invaluable primary sources such as manuscripts, maps, photographs, caricatures, drawings, postcards, posters, and other publications. UPR RP has been one of the partners to have most supported the Digital Library of the Caribbean’s project Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library (CNDL) hosted by UFDC. The purpose of this project is to provide access to newspapers and other types of newsprint produced in the Caribbean and held at various repositories. The partners of this project have taken an active role by digitizing materials, securing permissions, and creating metadata. In 2010, Smathers Libraries received a Technology Fee grant award from Florida International University (FIU) to select and digitize materials that would support research and teaching at FIU. Puerto Rico’s newspaper, El Mundo was selected as meeting these parameters. Funding allowed UPR to duplicate the master negative microfilm for several years of El Mundo. The duplicate was then sent to UF to digitize and upload to dLOC. Smathers Libraries at UF also recently received a Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) grant award to develop the Florida Jewish Digital Newspaper Project. This award supported the digitization of 128

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 9 reels of the Jewish Floridian newspaper, Florida’s first ethnic newspaper of note, which is only held by UF and one other institution. (See Appendix F for screen shots of current digital newspaper collections.) Newspaper Selection Plan The project’s Advisory Board comprised of history scholars, journalism scholars, and librarians, will be formed and will be charged with the responsibility of selecting newspaper titles from the pool of master negative microfilm identified as suitable for digitization. In addition, the Advisory Board also will be responsible for writing the descriptive essays (500 word maximum) for each of the selected titles and will participate in the dissemination of information about the project. Adhering to the selection criteria provided by the Library of Congress (http://www.loc.gov/ndnp/c ontentselection.html), the advisory board will prioritize a list of candidate newspaper titles for digitization. Previously digitized non commercial titles will not be candidates for selection. As recommended by the Library of Congress, the Advisory Board will create a rating scale giving higher scores to titles with the follow attributes: • Titles recognized as the "paper of record" at the state or county level • Titles with statewide or regional influence • Titles considered to be important informational sources for specific ethnic, racial, political, economic, religious, or other special audiences or interest groups. • Orphaned titles • Titles with state wide or multi county geographical representation • Titles with long runs of complete chronological coverage (i.e. lacking major gaps on the microfilm between the eligible years of 1836 1922) To facilitate the Advisory Board’s discussion and decision making process, project staff will set up and maintain a secure wiki or collaborative web site as well as an email list serve or discussion board. The following materials will be available on the collaborative web site: • Links to NDNP and NEH web sites • Library of Congress and NEH Content Selection Guidelines • Ranking formula and forms for title prioritization • List of titles on master negative microfilm suitable for digitization • Map of Florida and Puerto Rico including counties and county seats • Timeline of major events in Florida and Puerto Rico history from 1836 1922 • Bibliography of sources related to Florida and Puerto Rico Newspapers • Advisory Board roster After digitization and loading, the records for the selected titles will be updated to include active links to the digitized titles via the in US Newspaper Directory available on the Chronicling America website. Methodology and Standards Access to Master Negative Microfilm, 1860 1922 Due to the somewhat unique nature of the history of Florida, the overall availability of historical newspapers on microfilm is somewhat limited when compared with many other states. As a result of a lack of a comprehensive statewide plan to preserve the news, the vast majority of the historical newspaper microfilming in the state was completed by UF. Beginning in 1944, collection and

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 10 preservation efforts at UF called for the acquisition of at least one newspaper from each of Florida’s 67 counties on an ongoing basis. Smathers Libraries staff began producing in house microfilm copies of its Florida newspapers in 1947 and continued that process, along with retrospective microfilming efforts of other titles, until the early 2000s. Additional microfilm of current and back runs was also purchased from commercial microform publishers. Smathers Libraries holds the largest and most complete set of newspaper microfilm in the state, and the project will have access to UF’s more than 10,000 reels of microfilmed images held in the Humanities & Social Sciences Library. The fact that this dearth of microfilmed newspapers exists in Florida is one of the factors providing motivation for this proposal. The lack of alternative film sources for these titles raises some serious concerns about the potential threat of deterioration or loss. The digitization of these papers will mitigate these concerns and guarantee future access. A comprehensive list of Florida newspapers held on microfilm by UF is available in Appendix B. The Library System UPR RP holds the largest collection of Puerto Rico newspaper master negative microfilms. A significant number of these microfilms were part of the Puerto Rico Newspaper Project (PRNP) implemented from 1984 to 1990. The Library System holds copies of most of the titles microfilmed in the PRNP and owns 480 microfilmed newspaper titles. The Microfilm Center has had extensive experience in microfilming, reading film densities, quality review, and duplication of microfilm reels. The master microfilm reels are kept in a vault for security and preservation. Appendix C contains a list of the titles of all 1836 to 1922 newspaper holdings. Newspaper Title Selection The Advisory Board will be charged with the responsibility of selecting newspaper titles from the pool of master negative microfilm identified as suitable for digitization, excluding titles already digitized. The Advisory Board will be comprised of librarians, scholars, and journalists from multiple institutions in Florida and Puerto Rico. The Advisory Board is divided into two groups for Florida and Puerto Rico for the selection process. At project initiation, the project staff will set up and maintain the Advisory Board’s secure wiki or collaborative web site as well as the email list serve or discussion board. This site will contain the relevant information, including NEH and LC selection criteria, needed to complete the title selection process. Advisory Board members will submit completed newspaper title ranking forms to the secure web space. The project PIs and project coordinator will review the rankings and formulate decisions to be shared with the Advisory Board. Members of the Advisory Board will provide feedback by means of the secure discussion board, list serve, or conference call. The project PIs and project coordinator will not select vendors for duplication, digitization, and metadata creation until final title selection has been made. Members of the Advisory Board Florida: James Cusick, PhD, is Curator of the P. K. Yonge Library of Florida History at UF. He is a research associate of the St. Augustine Historical Society and the Historic St. Augustine Research Institute and serves on the board of directors for the Seminole Wars Historic Foundation, the Gulf South History and Humanities Conference, and the Florida Historical Society.

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 11 Mike Denham, PhD, is a specialist in Southern and Florida history at Florida Southern College (FSC). Before joining the FSC history faculty in 1991, Dr. Denham held teaching appointments at Florida State University where he earned his Ph.D. degree in 1988, Georgia Southern University, and Limestone College in Gaffney, South Carolina. His articles and reviews have appeared in many scholarly journals and newspapers and he has written numerous books on the history of Florida. An award winning author and public speaker, Denham was awarded the Florida Historical Society's Arthur W. Thompson Prize in 1992 and the James Horgan Book Award (2002). Gary Mormino, PhD, was previously the Frank E. Duckwall Professor of History and Director of the Florida Studies Program at University of South Florida (USF) St. Petersburg. He is a prolific writer, author of a wide range of academic and popular books. He received his PhD from the University of North Carolina and has taught at USF since 1977. In 2003 the Florida Humanities Council named him its first Humanist of the Year. Ronald Rogers, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the UF College of Journalism and was recently chosen as a UF Research Foundation Professor. His research emphasis is on media history and he is the sole author of 10 refereed publications in leading journals including “The Social Gospel and the news” published in Journalism and Communication Monographs. He was ranked 11 among 35 faculty members in an analysis of AEJMC refereed conference paper productivity for the period 1999 2008. Puerto Rico: Luis Fernando Coss Pontn, PhD, Professor of Journalism, University of Puerto Rico, is a prolific journalist, researcher, and a pioneer in cyberjournalism. He has a vast field experience as director of major newspapers, radio programs, and Puerto Rico Public Television programs. He has founded several newspapers and an organization that sponsors investigative documentaries. In 2003 he received an Emmy award and has been recognized by UNESCO for his journalistic work. He received a Ph.D. in history in UPR in 2007. Mary F. Gallart Calzada, PhD, a Humanities Professor in the College of General Studies at the University of Puerto Rico, has been Co coordinator of the Gender Studies Program and Director of the Bachelor’s Program at the College of General Studies. She also has served as Assistant Dean of Academic Affairs at the Ro Piedras Campus and at the Central Administration of the UPR University System. She obtained a PhD in history at the University of Puerto Rico in 1992 and has published her research in books and scholarly articles. Fernando Pic, PhD, Professor of History, University of Puerto Rico since 1972, is an expert in 19th century Puerto Rico history and is considered the highest authority in this area of study. He is considered one of the great intellectuals and historians of the island and has published extensively. He has received several distinctions, such as Humanist of the Year 2005, and Distinguished Professor of 2010. He received his PhD from Johns Hopkins University in 1970 and also studied in Spain and Italy. Vctor Federico Torres, PhD, has worked as an academic librarian since 1977. He has been director and head librarian of several academic libraries and research collections, and he worked at the University of Puerto Rico until 2009. He has taught courses in the field of librarianship and literature in Puerto Rico and in Central America. He has published academic articles and books in both fields. A Fulbright Scholar, he was awarded the Fulbright Specialists Grant. He has received several recognitions, the most recent in 2009 Premio Jos Toribio Medina at XLVIII SALALM Conference. He obtained a PhD in Latin American Literature at the University of New Mexico in 1996.

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 12 Work Plan OVERVIEW In addition to the normal processes associated with previous NEH NDNP grants, the collaboration between UF and UPR RP requires additional workflows. These are detailed in the narrative and timeline below. UF will hire a Technical/Project Coordinator to oversee the technical details of the project, coordinate workflow with the digitization vendor and ensure that all technical and quality control milestones are met. The Technical/Project Coordinator will coordinate all other deliverables and requirements. For instance, before the start of the project, project staff will identify free access, online newspapers in Florida and Puerto Rico (both historical and currently published) which have been digitized from paper or issued as electronic editions of print newspapers. Project staff will then submit these for inclusion in the Chronicling America newspaper directory. SELECTION OF TITLES The intellectual criteria for selecting newspaper titles are discussed above in Newspaper Selection. In short, the following steps will be performed by the respective staff and Advisory Board members at each institution. • Staff will prepare a list of possible titles for inclusion. • Staff provides background information to allow Advisory Board to make its selection • Advisory Board will meet, discuss and approve a list of titles for inclusion in the project and will follow criteria described in the previous section. EVALUATION OF MICROFILM After the Florida and Puerto Rico Advisory Board members have produced their lists of selected newspaper titles for digitization, project staff will verify that the master negatives meet the technical guidelines set forth by the Library of Congress. Staff at UPR and UF will remove poor quality film from the digitization list and those titles will be replaced by the other newspapers on the Board's list. MICROFILM DUPLICATION Once project staff has confirmed titles for digitization, the second generation silver negatives will be created from camera master negatives. The UPR film will be reproduced by UPR’s Microfilm Center and the UF film will be duplicated by an outside vendor currently handling all film duplication processes for Smathers Libraries. As outlined in the Budget Notes, the cost of film duplication has been normalized at the same cost per reel for both UF and UPR RP to ensure equitable distribution of funds and to allow for possible fluctuations in duplication costs. Following duplication, all film will be temporarily housed at UF prior to being sent out for digitization. VENDOR SELECTION The Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project will rely on a vendor to scan microfilm, create the derivative files, perform OCR and encode metadata. Florida state law requires selection of the vendor through UF’s Request for Proposal (RFP) process. Consequently, a vendor cannot be chosen until after the project team has received notification of the grant award. Upon receipt of competitive bids, project staff will select a vendor based on cost and these additional factors: • Ability to conform to National Digital Newspaper Program Technical Guidelines for project deliverables • Prior experience with microfilm digitization and OCR conversion • Expertise in derivative file creation and metadata encoding.

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 13 • Ability to perform work on a timely basis and meet deadlines • Proven quality control procedures • Endorsements from past clients • Protocols for ensuring the proper treatment and security of microfilm negatives METADATA PREPARATION The Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project will provide structural and technical metadata to meet guidelines specified in Appendices A, B and C in the National Digital Newspaper Program Technical Guidelines. Prior to sending second generation, silver negatives to the vendor for digitization, project staff will gather basic information about the reels employing use copies held by UF and UPR RP. They will examine each page, paying particular attention to such discrepancies as: • Newspaper title changes on a reel • Inconsistent volume, title and page numbers • Missing pages • Pages out of order Staff will create a spreadsheet for each reel and note the discrepancies, along with newspaper title, Library of Congress Control Number (LCCN), date, issue/edition and page number. The spreadsheet will be provided to the vendor responsible for digitization of the microfilm and metadata encoding. For each reel, Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project staff and the vendor will create structural metadata that includes the following: • A title identifier using LCCNs normalized to MARC21 standard • A unique identifier for each issue, using LCCN, issue date and edition order • A unique identifier for each page, using LCCN, issue date, edition order and record sequence number • Issue/edition metadata for issues/editions known to be published but not available as a digital asset. This information will be represented with a record for the issue/edition, and use of the Issue Present indicator to note that the issue/edition described is not available. • Page metadata for all pages known to be published but not available as a digital asset. This information will be represented with a record for the page and use of the Page Present indicator to note that the page described is not available. Project staff and the vendor also will create technical metadata for each newspaper page that supports the functions of a trusted digital repository. Additionally technical metadata concerning the quality characteristics of the digitized microfilm will be encoded in a METS object with other digital assets. Smathers Libraries is a CONSER member with several catalogers trained in creating CONSER records. As part of the Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper project, a cataloger will review the existing CONSER records—creating original full level CONSER records where no records exist, authenticating non CONSER records and enhancing CONSER records as needed. Project staff will export the updated records to the Library of Congress in MARC21 Communications format and confirm the record's inclusion in the CONSER/USNP Union List prior to submitting associated digital pages. MICROFILM DIGITIZATION The vendor will scan from a clean, second generation duplicate, silver negative and create derivative files according to specifications described in Appendix B of the National Digital Newspaper Program Technical Guidelines. The silver negative will be scanned in 8 bit grayscale with a maximum resolution between 300 400 dpi, relative to the physical dimensions of the original material. Scanning will produce an uncompressed, unprocessed TIFF 6.0 file for each newspaper page on the microfilm. In cases where newspaper titles were microfilmed with two pages per frame, the vendor will make adjustments to

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 14 produce a single image file for each newspaper page. The scanned TIFF will be de skewed and cropped to the page edge, if necessary. Prior to digitization of each reel, the vendor will scan a target. The vendor will scan a second target during the reel digitization to aid in monitoring of scan quality. Each target will be described appropriately in reel metadata. The target will be purchased from a source specified by the Library of Congress. In addition to a TIFF 6.0 file for each newspaper page on microfilm, the vendor will produce a: • JPEG 2000 file from the TIFF 6.0 file. The JPEG2000 file will conform to the 21 specifications listed in Appendix B of the NDNP Technical Guidelines. For instance, each JPEG 2000 file will have 6 decomposition levels, 25 quality levels and a compression ratio of 8:1. • PDF file from the TIFF 6.0 file. The PDF file will conform to the 18 specifications listed in Appendix B of the NDNP Technical Guidelines. It will have a file name corresponding to a specific page image, hidden text and metadata referring to the source publication, the date of publication, page number, the reel number and sequence order. CREATION OF OCR FILES The vendor will create one OCR text file for each newspaper page image. The text conversion process will produce files that meet the specifications listed in Appendix B of the NDNP Technical Guidelines. Each text file will contain: • Uncorrected text • Word bounding boxes zoned for column recognition. Files will be free of article level segmentation. • Bounding box coordinate data at the word level. • UTF 8 characters • No graphic elements The text created through OCR will be encoded using ALTO Version 2.0. If possible, the vendor will supply confidence level data at the page, line, character, and/or word level. Additionally the vendor will seek to provide point size and font data at the character or word level. QUALITY CONTROL AND VALIDATION The Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project Coordinator at UF will remain in frequent communication with the vendor via telephone and email. Additionally, project staff will establish a wiki to document procedures, maintain a schedule and track deliveries. After completion of microfilm scanning, file creation and metadata encoding, the vendor will validate files using the NDNP Digital Viewer and Validator (DVV). Vendor staff will validate the following files: • TIFF 6.0 master digital page image • JPEG 2000 derivative digital page image • PDF page image with hidden text • The OCR text file with bounding box coordinates The vendor also will validate that all metadata is in METS as prescribed in Appendices A and C of the NDNP Technical Guidelines. Upon completion of the validation process, the vendor will send validated files on external hard drives to the Smathers Libraries where project staff will: • Note the receipt of deliverables in the project wiki • Revalidate all deliverables • Request vendor recreate deliverables that failed to validate • Confirm vendor has accounted for discrepancies noted by project staff during their initial evaluation of reels

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 15 • Ensure vendor correctly used Issue Present and Page Present indicators • Verify the four digital files associated with a newspaper page (TIFF, JP2, PDF and OCR text file) use the same file name and differ only by respective file extensions. DELIVERY TO LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES After Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project staff has performed quality control on each batch of digital files delivered by the vendor, they will send the files to LC on a USB 2.0 enabled, external hard drive. The drive will be free of write protection. Hard drives will be sent to LC via a shipping provider that offers tracking. Each hard drive will contain a single batch of digital files stored in a directory structure prescribed by LC. Once the digitization and validation process has begun, Florida and the Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project will send batches to LC on a monthly basis, ensuring that no single batch exceeds 10,000 pages. Project staff also will deliver to LC essays for each selected newspaper title included in the project. These essays will not exceed 500 words and will discuss the history, significance, scope, and content of each title. Staff will also provide LC with a list of Florida newspaper titles with archives on the web. This document will include only those titles not digitized as part of this NEH funded project and provide title level bibliographic information, a description of the digital resource, and details on CONSER updates implemented as a result of identification of the digital resource. Finally, project staff will send LC a bar coded, duplicate silver negative of each microfilm reel included in the Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project. The duplicate will be made from the camera master and the bar code will be supplied by LC. Project staff also will provide periodic reports to NEH. These reports will describe the work completed and preview tasks that remain, as well as required financial information. Staff will adhere to the reporting schedule designated by NEH. During the project’s last six months a UF assessment team will develop and administer usability testing to examine the ease of use, navigability and learnability of both the Chronicling American user interface and the Florida Digital Newspaper Library interface. An example of the report resulting from the earlier NDNP/FDNL usability testing is available at Usability Test Report for Chronicling America. DISSEMINATION OF PROJECT The progress and results of this project will be publicized throughout the project via regular news releases from UF and UPR RP Libraries. A project website will be developed which will bring the project and its results to the attention of educators, libraries, historical organizations and the general public. Information about the project will be presented at professional meetings and conferences, and the project also will be promoted via listservs, lectures, scholarly networks, and publications. UF plans to leverage its successful Google optimization techniques and promotional methods to drive users to these new collections. In addition, all the digitized titles will be included in NewspaperCat the award winning newspaper discovery tool developed by UF librarians. In short, every effort will be made to reach as wide and diverse an audience as possible. Timeframe Roles Fall, September – November UF Winter, December – February UPR Spring, March – May Vendor Summer, June – August

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 16 Activities and Responsible Institutions Fall 2013 Winter 2013/14 Spring 2014 Summer 2014 Fall 2014 Winter 2014/15 Spring 2015 Summer 2015 Prepare list of suitable titles for review by Advisory Board for selection (UF/UPR) Attend initial meeting at LC (as scheduled) (UF) Develop an agreed upon production schedule with LC (UF/UPR) Select titles for digitization (UF/UPR Advisory Board) Provide LC with list of selected titles, to include title, geographic and chronological coverage, and LCCN (UF/UPR) Deliver Federal Cash Transactions Report (UF) Write 500 word essay for each selected title (UF/UPR) Create 2N silver negative MF from masters (Vendor) Duplicate selected newspapers from master negatives housed at UPR RP Microfilming Center Deliver to UF duplicated microfilms Perform additional technical analysis of selected titles (Vendor) Create deliverables: TIFFs, derivative images, metadata, OCR files, per LC guidelines specified in the workplan (Vendor) Validate deliverables using DVV (Vendor) Deliver validated deliverables to UF (Vendor) Trace receipt of deliverables (UF) Revalidate all deliverables from vendor (UF) Create metadata as necessary for required Issue Present Indicators and Page Present Indicators (UF) Deliver sample digital assets to LC (UF) Prepare semi annual report and deliver to LC (UF) Deliver assets to LC on a monthly schedule (UF) Ensure 25% deliverables are validated/delivered to LC by 6/1/14 (UF) Attend annual meeting at LC (as scheduled) (UF/UPR) Label all 2N duplicate silver negative MF with barcodes from LC (UF) Deliver all 2N duplicate silver negative MF to LC via parcel post (UF) Ensure all digital assets are validated and delivered to LC (UF) Update/create CONSER MARC records for newspaper titles (UF/UPR) Develop and initiate interface usability testing and create report (UF) Deliver final report to LC (UF/UPR) Key Personnel UF Reakes, Patrick (Principal Investigator – two years at 10% FTE cost share) is the Chair of the Humanities & Social Sciences Library previously served as Chair of Departmental Libraries for two years and Head of the Neuharth Journalism Library at UF for nine years. He holds an MSLS from Florida State University (FSU), a BS in Public Relations from UF, and is a graduate of the General Motors Management

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 17 Development School. He was recently a Fellow in the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) Research Library Leadership Program, a highly competitive executive leadership program designed and sponsored by ARL member libraries to facilitate the development of future senior level leaders in large research libraries. Prior to coming to UF, he served as a law librarian at Florida Coastal School of Law, where he headed the interlibrary loan department and served as adjunct faculty member. He has been a reference and instruction librarian at FSU, where he served as the Business Librarian. His current research focus is on the impacts of the evolving digital environment on news research and archiving. Role: Provide general project direction, liaison with the Library of Congress, serve as lead vendor contact and assist the Project Coordinator with coordinating internal library staff in all other areas of production. Vargas Betancourt, Margarita – (Co Principal Investigator— two years at 10% FTE cost share) is the Caribbean Basin Librarian for Smathers Libraries. She is a doctoral candidate in Latin American Studies at Tulane University, holds an MA in Latin American Studies from the same institution and a BA in Hispanic Language and Literature from the National Autonomous University of Mexico. She has been a teacher at various levels and is fluent in both Spanish and English to facilitate communication and collaboration. Her current research interests include Latin American ethnic diversity, colonial and modern history, and education. Role: Assist with general project direction. Serve as liaison between UF and UPR Ro, coordinating the timeline, the selection of titles for digitization, meetings of the consulting scholars, and oversight of the creation of selected newspaper biographies. Taylor, Laurie, PhD – (Scholar Liaison and Facilitator – two years at 5% cost share) is the Digital Humanities Librarian for the UF Digital Collections (UFDC), and associated collections and projects hosted by Smathers Libraries using SobekCM including the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) among many others. Her work focuses on building scholarly cyberinfrastructure to build, preserve, and ensure findability and usability for digital humanities and other digital scholarship projects with digital collections. She serves as technical director for dLOC, technical director for the FDNL, and was co principal investigator on America's Swamp: the Historical Everglades a project funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission to digitize six archival collections. Role: Facilitate partner meetings and training for UF and UPR, liaise with the librarians and scholars at UF to build collaborations for NDNP current and future projects and provide oversight of the digital collection online presence in the FDNL and the CNDL. Widmer, Lois (Digital Services Manager – 2% cost share) is the Chair of Digital Services and Shared Collections in the UF Libraries, where she oversees the work of the Digital Library Center, Preservation Services, the Auxiliary Library Facility, and development of a statewide shared print collection. She is Co PI for Pioneer Days in Florida: Diaries and Letters from Settling the Sunshine State, 1800 1900 beginning April 2013, funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. Widmer previously served as Associate Director, Library and Technology Services, at Brandeis University, where her portfolio included the Institutional Repository, Scholarly Communications, and Electronic Resources Licensing. As Director of Information Services for the Center for Transportation and the Environment at North Carolina State University, she implemented a national information service. She holds a Graduate Certificate in Digital Information Management from the University of Arizona, a Graduate Certificate in Management of Projects and Programs from the Rabb Graduate School of Continuing Studies at Brandeis University, an MS in Library Science from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and a BA in Spanish from Elizabethtown College and Universidad Central de Barcelona, Spain. Role: Provide oversight and management of the technical aspects of the project, and will manage overall responsibility workflow and quality assessment of deliverables from the production vendor.

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 18 Young, Naomi – (Metadata/Cataloging Liaison – two years at 2% cost share) is the Principal Serials Cataloger for Smathers Libraries, and a member of the CONSER Operations Committee (CONSER is the division of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) charged with creating and maintaining procedures and standards to provide quality metadata for continuing resources, including serials and newspapers.) She has an MS in Library Science from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and has over 20 years’ experience working with serials in both public services and technical services roles. Her responsibility is to oversee the creation and maintenance of bibliographic and holdings metadata for UF’s serials, databases, and related resources, according to national standards. She is the author of Newspaper Classification: An Expansion of the Library of Congress “A” Classification to Accommodate International Newspapers ( http://bit.ly/XEARvZ ), a freely available NASIGuide. Role: Selection and disambiguation of bibliographic records for titles selected for digitization; helping to establish and correct CONSER records as needed. Pen, Jane – (Quality Control – two years at 4% cost share) is Metadata and Quality Control Coordinator for the University of Florida Digital Collections (UFDC). Pen received her BA in Library Science from Tamkang University in Taipei, Taiwan and her AS in computer information at Santa Fe Community College. Before coming to the Digital Library Center, Pen spent three years handling all aspects of library operations at the library of Nuclear Engineering Department at Tsing Hua University, Taiwan; eight years as a cataloger at Follett Library Resources in Illinois; one year conducting reference service and computer lab assistance at Schaumburg High School in Illinois; and four years in patron services in Florida’s Alachua County Library System. At UF, Pen oversees the Digital Library Center’s Quality Control Unit to ensure the quality, consistency, and completeness of non newspaper digital products, including textual, visual, and metadata contents. Role: Support training of the grant funded project coordinator for handling quality control and digital validation of all materials. Lambert, Anita – (Microfilm Management – two years at 5% cost share) is the Microfilm Specialist and brings 25 years of academic library experience to the project, most recently with an emphasis on microfilm preservation and management. In 2004 Lambert joined the Preservation Services Unit at Smathers Libraries performing quality control and inventory on all preservation microfilm. She also supports the print preservation program through such conservation work as repairing monographs, binding pamphlets and selectively preparing items for commercial binding. Previously she specialized in public services at Palm Beach Community College in Lake Worth Florida where she managed course reserves, assisted patrons, managed serials, and maintained the microfilm collection. Role: Work closely with Project Coordinator to assist with: review of microfilm; tracking, shipping, and receiving of all film and drives; and coordination with the microfilm duplication vendor for the creation of new film for digitization and submission to Library of Congress. Renner, Randall – (Digital Validation – two years at 5% cost share) is the Archiving and Preservation Coordinator for Smathers Libraries Digital Services & Shared Collections. He received his MFA in Creative Photography. Before coming to the Digital Library Center in 2002, Renner taught college level courses on computer art and montage, mixed media studio classes, black and white photography, training seminars on various computer applications. His experience in photography spans the entire process, from image capturing via digital or analog methods to the printing and display of the captured images. Role: Support hiring and training the NEH funded project coordinator, and serve as a technical consultant. In addition to the grant work, Renner conducts ingest and quality control check for all vended materials into UFDC and dLOC for the Florida Digital Newspaper Library and Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library. Renner also ensures all materials are loaded and archived to the redundant UF storage systems for access and long term digital preservation.

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 19 Canova, Will – (Newspaper & Serials Queue Coordinator – two years at 5% cost share) is the Digital Newspaper Projects Coordinator for Smathers Libraries. He was previously the Newspaper Imaging Coordinator and the Head of Microfilming Program within the Reprographics Unit in Preservation, supervising and coordinating microfilm sales and the entire regular microfilming schedule with Florida newspapers, and Caribbean, African, and Jewish titles. He currently oversees both the processing of newspapers for the Florida Digital Newspaper Library and Caribbean newspapers for the Digital Library of the Caribbean's Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library. Role: Support the grant funded project coordinator and serve as a technical consultant. Ochoa, Marilyn – (Usability/Assessment Team Leader – two years at 4% cost share 2nd year only) is the Assistant Head Librarian for the Education Library at the University of Florida. Her research interests involve user access to services and information technologies in libraries. Since 2005, she has been involved with development and assessment of digital initiatives, leading several usability studies of digital collections. She currently serves as a Director at Large for the Association of College and Research Libraries and chairs the Information Literacy Education SIG for the Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education. Role: Oversee assessment team who will design and conduct surveys and focus groups to assess user attitudes, research methods and user behaviors relating to the end user interfaces. Project Coordinator (TBD – two years at 100% FTE – cash request: $49,600 adjusted annual salary) Role: Responsible for the day to day coordination and management of the Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project, including technical and administrative activities, overseeing all microfilm to digital conversion activities for historic newspapers, assisting with management of relationships with vendors and external partners, and assisting in outreach activities (See Appendix H Position Description). Key Personnel – UPR RP Torres Alamo, Myra, Librarian, (Project Director – two years at 5% FTE cash request plus 5% FTE cost share) is the Digital Library Coordinator at UPR RP. She serves as the Coordinator of El Mundo Newspaper Photograph Collection Digitization Project of the Library System and the Puerto Rican Heritage Digital Library Project of UPR RP. She has held various administrative positions in the Library System, including: Acting and Associate Director, Director of Library Services for the Handicapped and Director of Jos M. Lzaro Library. She served for five years as Consultant for the Puerto Rico Assistive Technology Project of the University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus. She earned an MLS from the Graduate School of Library Science, UPR RP, where she created and has taught the course, Information Services for Handicapped Individuals. Torres Alamo is an active member of the Puerto Rico Librarians Society (PRLS) and served as President of PRLS for the 2002 2004 term. She was coordinator of the Self Study Library System’s Steering Committee to assess library services using ACRL Standards. She is currently a member of the Intellectual Property Committee of the Library System, Acting President of the Faculty Personnel Committee, and a member of Ro Piedras’s Academic Senate representing the Library System faculty. Professor Torres Alamo received the Graduate School of Library and Information Science Award Certificate for Professional Achievement (1999). Some of her academic areas of interest are digital libraries, information technology, intellectual property and copyright, and information services for the disabled population. Role: She will coordinate and oversee the implementation of the project to insure that goals and timetables are met; organize and maintain documentation of the project; and submit required reports to UF/NEH.

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida 20 Torres Ramos, Mario (Digital Library Webmaster – two years at 2% cost share) is the Operating Systems Specialist for UPR RP, holds a BA in Computer Programming, an MA in Public Administration and currently pursues an MA in Library and Information Science. He works as a Systems Operation Specialist in the Library System Automation Program and is the webmaster and performs technical support of the Bridge to the Doctorate Program at UPR. Role: Responsible for maintaining the technical infrastructure of DL database and serve as liaison between UPR and UF technical project staff. Milln Daz, Jos A. – (Acting Supervisor – two years at 8% FTE cost share) is the Microfilm Center Technician and holds a BA in Education and has completed coursework in computer programming. He has worked as a microfilm technician for 25 years and his duties include preparation and microfilming of materials, duplication of master microfilms on demand, and quality control activities. Currently, he is the acting supervisor of the Microfilm Center. Role: Coordinate and oversee duplication of master microfilms of selected newspapers tiles and holdings; supervise students assistants assigned to the project. Ordez Mercado, Mara E – (two years at 2% FTE cash request and 2% FTE cost share) has been the Head Librarian of the Puerto Rican Collection for the past 20 years, is a doctoral candidate in Puerto Rican history, and holds an MLS from UPR’s Graduate School of Library and Information Science. She has vast experience in preservation and conservation activities. She also has worked as adjunct professor at the History Department of the Faculty of Humanities. Role: Assist scholars in their research activities for newspaper titles selection; and coordinate and assist Microfilm Center Supervisor in duplication of master microfilms and quality control activities. Montalvo, Marilyn – (two years at 2% FTE cost share) is the Director of Technical Services and Automation Coordinator and is Director of Technical Services Department, and Coordinator of Automation Program of the Library System Library System. Montalvo holds a PhD in Linguistics and an MLS from UPR’s Graduate School of Library and Information Science. She currently is a member of OCLC’s American Regional Council for 2011 2012. Role: Oversee and support cataloging and technical activities of the project. Torres Villanueva, Soraya – (two years at 1% FTE cash request plus 1% FTE cost share) is Head Librarian of the Cataloging Section, UPR RP, and holds a MLS from UPR’s Graduate School of Library and Information Science and is Head Librarian of the Cataloging Section, for the UPR RP Library System. Villanueva has worked as a cataloger for 20 years and is an adjunct professor at the Graduate School of Library and Information Science, where she teaches cataloging courses. She holds an MLS from UPR’s Graduate School of Library and Information Science. Role: Create, update and enhance bibliographic records for Puerto Rico Newspaper titles selected for digitization in WorldCat. Three undergraduate assistants, (two years each at 15 hours per week for 45 week, cash request). See Appendix H Position Description. Students will be juniors and seniors with prior library work experience or similar work experience. They will assist the Microfilm Center Supervisor in the review of master microfilms to be duplicated to insure pages are completed and will check duplicate microfilms for quality control; and prepare duplicate microfilms to be sent to UF for digitization.

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click for Budget Instructions Computational Details/Notes (notes) Year 1 (notes) Year 2 (notes) Year 3 Project Total 10/01/201309/30/2014 10/01/201409/30/2015 01/01/20__12/31/20__ 1. Salaries & Wages TBA/Project Manager $35,078/yr 100% $35,078 100% $35,078 % $70,156 % % % $0 % % % $0 % % % $0 % % % $0 % % % $0 2. Fringe Benefits 41.4% $14,522 $14,522 $29,044 $0 3. Consultant Fees Honoraria $500 X 4 $2,000 $2,000 4. Travel Travel (See Budget Notes) $7,503 $8,589 $16,092 $0 5. Supplies & Materials Ext Hard Drives & Imaging Targets $2,720 $2,720 $5,440 6. Services OMB No 3136-0134 Expires 7/31/2015 Applicant Institution: Project Director: Project Grant Period: University of Florida Patrick Reakes 10/01/2013 through 09/30/2015 Budget Form

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Shipping, Digitization, Duplication & UPR SubContract $78,599 $76,164 $154,763 7. Other Costs $0 8. Total Direct Costs Per Year $140,422 $137,073 $0 $277,495 9. Total Indirect Costs 28.5% rate; $129,399-YR1 Base; $103,428-YR2 Base; Dept of Health & Human Services; 07/01/12 Per Year $36,878 $29,477 $0 $66,355 10. Total Project Costs $343,850 11. Project Funding a. Requested from NEH $343,850 $0 $343,850 b. Cost Sharing $71,952 $35,032 $0 $0 $106,984 12. Total Project Funding $450,834 TOTAL COST SHARING: Project Income: Applicant's Contributions: Outright: Federal Matching Funds: TOTAL REQUESTED FROM NEH: Third-Party Contributions: Other Federal Agencies: (Direct and Indirect costs for entire project)

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida Budget Notes University of Florida (UF) and University of Puerto Rico – Rio Piedras Campus (UPR RP) October 1, 2013 through September 30, 2015 UF Personnel and Fringe Benefits: All current UF project personnel (10) proposed to work on the project are budgeted as contributed cost share totaling $71,952. Project faculty and staff members, their roles and individual cost share percent of effort are outlined in the narrative. The project team is requesting NEH funds for one project coordinator (temporary position) during the grant period; $49,600 each year, totaling $99,200 for two years. UPR RP Personnel and Fringe Benefits: All current UPR RP project personnel (six) proposed to work on the project are budgeted as contributed cost share totaling $35,032. Project faculty and staff members, their roles and individual cost share percent of effort are outlined in the narrative. Additionally, NEH funding is requested for three library personnel who will provide equal cash requested effort in cost share: Myra Torres Alamo, Director (5% FTE at $9,820), Maria E. Ordonez Mercado, Head Librarian (2% FTE at $3,835), and Soraya Torres Villanueva, Head Cataloger (1% FTE at $1,650) totaling $15,305. NEH funding for three student assistants on the project is budgeted at 15 hours per week for 45 weeks; $14,909 each year for two years, totaling $29,818. UF Honoraria: NEH funding is requested for $2,000 in year one to provide honoraria to four Advisory Board members at $500 each. UPR RP Honoraria: NEH funding is requested for $2,000 in year one to provide honoraria to four Advisory Board members at $500 each. UF Travel: NEH funding is requested for both UF and UPR RP travel expenses as follows: year one and year two travel from Gainesville, FL to Washington, DC (3 days for PI: airfare $380/lodging $1,500/meals $108 = $1,988 each year for two years, totaling $3,976), from Puerto Rico to Washington, DC (3 days for UPR representative: airfare $382/lodging $1,500/ meals $108 = $1,990 each year for two years, totaling $3,980) and from Puerto Rico to Gainesville, FL for site visit planning and training purposes (3 days for 3 UPR representatives: airfare $1,383/ lodging $1,818 / meals $324, totaling $3,525 each year for two years, totaling $7,050). Additionally in year two NEH funding is requested for the Library of Congress representative site visit (3 days: airfare $372/ lodging $606/ meals $108, totaling $1,086) UF Supplies: NEH funding is requested for 10 external hard drives dedicated to the project at $200 each in year one and two, totaling $4,000. Additionally, the cost for 2 imaging targets at $360 per strip in year one and two, totaling $1,440 is being requested. Services Budget Category – NOTE: Within this major budget category, these budget items have been included: microfilm duplication, microfilm digitization, and shipping plus the total of all UPR RP sub contract expenses described in this document for UPR RP’s Personnel and Fringe ($45,122), Honoraria ($2,000), microfilm duplication ($7,094) and Indirect Costs ($15,452). UF Vended Microfilm Duplication: NEH funding is requested for vended duplication services for microfilm of Florida newspapers at $56.75 per reel for 63 reels in year one ($3,575), and 62 reels in year two ($3,519), totaling $7,094. Costs for microfilm duplication were based on the per reel duplication costs Smathers Libraries currently pay through an established, long term relationship with a

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida vendor that performs all microfilm duplication for the Libraries. The project team will follow UF policies for obtaining competitive bids for this project, if awarded. UPR RP’s Microfilm Duplication: NEH funding is requested for duplication services that will be performed by UPR RP’s Microfilm Center for microfilm of Puerto Rico newspapers at $56.75 per reel for 63 reels in year one ($3,575), and 62 reels in year two ($3,519), totaling $7,094. Costs for microfilm duplication are estimated at the same rate as Florida microfilm duplication services. There may be a slight reduction in cost ($3 to $4 per reel) at the actual time of processing for UPR RP’s Microfilm Center. However, the project team proposes equal costs for both Florida and Puerto Rico duplication services to account for any variations in approximate costs. UF Microfilm Digitization: NEH funding is requested for vended digital conversion of 50,000 microfilm pages of Florida newspapers and another 50,000 pages of Puerto Rico at $0.75 per page. This estimate was derived after contacting several vendors requesting cost estimates and discussing the actual costs with previous NEH NDNP awardees. Estimates ranged from $0.60 to $0.85 per page. UF Shipping: NEH funding is requested for expenses related to shipping microfilm reels from/to UPR RP and from/to digitization vendor via FedEX for 63 reels in year one and 62 reels in year two at an estimated cost of $1,500 per year, totaling $3,000. UF Indirect Costs (IDC): NEH funding is requested for IDC rates of 28.5% for UF as follows: $66,356 ($129,399 base direct costs in year one, totaling $36,878; and $103,428 in base direct costs in year two, totaling $29,477. UF IDC also includes 28.5% of only the first $25,000 of UPR’s direct applicable costs. UPR RP Indirect Costs: NEH funding is requested for IDC rates of 28.5% for UPR RP as follows: $15,452 ($28,034 base direct costs in year one, totaling $7,990; and $26,182 in base direct costs in year two, totaling $7,462).

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida Budget Notes University of Florida (UF) and University of Puerto Rico – Rio Piedras Campus (UPR RP) October 1, 2013 through September 30, 2015 UF Personnel and Fringe Benefits: All current UF project personnel (10) proposed to work on the project are budgeted as contributed cost share totaling $71,952. Project faculty and staff members, their roles and individual cost share percent of effort are outlined in the narrative. The project team is requesting NEH funds for one project coordinator (temporary position) during the grant period; $49,600 each year, totaling $99,200 for two years. UPR RP Personnel and Fringe Benefits: All current UPR RP project personnel (six) proposed to work on the project are budgeted as contributed cost share totaling $35,032. Project faculty and staff members, their roles and individual cost share percent of effort are outlined in the narrative. Additionally, NEH funding is requested for three library personnel who will provide equal cash requested effort in cost share: Myra Torres Alamo, Director (5% FTE at $9,820), Maria E. Ordonez Mercado, Head Librarian (2% FTE at $3,835), and Soraya Torres Villanueva, Head Cataloger (1% FTE at $1,650) totaling $15,305. NEH funding for three student assistants on the project is budgeted at 15 hours per week for 45 weeks; $14,909 each year for two years, totaling $29,818. UF Honoraria: NEH funding is requested for $2,000 in year one to provide honoraria to four Advisory Board members at $500 each. UPR RP Honoraria: NEH funding is requested for $2,000 in year one to provide honoraria to four Advisory Board members at $500 each. UF Travel: NEH funding is requested for both UF and UPR RP travel expenses as follows: year one and year two travel from Gainesville, FL to Washington, DC (3 days for PI: airfare $380/lodging $1,500/meals $108 = $1,988 each year for two years, totaling $3,976), from Puerto Rico to Washington, DC (3 days for UPR representative: airfare $382/lodging $1,500/ meals $108 = $1,990 each year for two years, totaling $3,980) and from Puerto Rico to Gainesville, FL for site visit planning and training purposes (3 days for 3 UPR representatives: airfare $1,383/ lodging $1,818 / meals $324, totaling $3,525 each year for two years, totaling $7,050). Additionally in year two NEH funding is requested for the Library of Congress representative site visit (3 days: airfare $372/ lodging $606/ meals $108, totaling $1,086) UF Supplies: NEH funding is requested for 10 external hard drives dedicated to the project at $200 each in year one and two, totaling $4,000. Additionally, the cost for 2 imaging targets at $360 per strip in year one and two, totaling $1,440 is being requested. Services Budget Category – NOTE: Within this major budget category, these budget items have been included: microfilm duplication, microfilm digitization, and shipping plus the total of all UPR RP sub contract expenses described in this document for UPR RP’s Personnel and Fringe ($45,122), Honoraria ($2,000), microfilm duplication ($7,094) and Indirect Costs ($15,452). UF Vended Microfilm Duplication: NEH funding is requested for vended duplication services for microfilm of Florida newspapers at $56.75 per reel for 63 reels in year one ($3,575), and 62 reels in year two ($3,519), totaling $7,094. Costs for microfilm duplication were based on the per reel duplication costs Smathers Libraries currently pay through an established, long term relationship with a

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida vendor that performs all microfilm duplication for the Libraries. The project team will follow UF policies for obtaining competitive bids for this project, if awarded. UPR RP’s Microfilm Duplication: NEH funding is requested for duplication services that will be performed by UPR RP’s Microfilm Center for microfilm of Puerto Rico newspapers at $56.75 per reel for 63 reels in year one ($3,575), and 62 reels in year two ($3,519), totaling $7,094. Costs for microfilm duplication are estimated at the same rate as Florida microfilm duplication services. There may be a slight reduction in cost ($3 to $4 per reel) at the actual time of processing for UPR RP’s Microfilm Center. However, the project team proposes equal costs for both Florida and Puerto Rico duplication services to account for any variations in approximate costs. UF Microfilm Digitization: NEH funding is requested for vended digital conversion of 50,000 microfilm pages of Florida newspapers and another 50,000 pages of Puerto Rico at $0.75 per page. This estimate was derived after contacting several vendors requesting cost estimates and discussing the actual costs with previous NEH NDNP awardees. Estimates ranged from $0.60 to $0.85 per page. UF Shipping: NEH funding is requested for expenses related to shipping microfilm reels from/to UPR RP and from/to digitization vendor via FedEX for 63 reels in year one and 62 reels in year two at an estimated cost of $1,500 per year, totaling $3,000. UF Indirect Costs (IDC): NEH funding is requested for IDC rates of 28.5% for UF as follows: $66,356 ($129,399 base direct costs in year one, totaling $36,878; and $103,428 in base direct costs in year two, totaling $29,477. UF IDC also includes 28.5% of only the first $25,000 of UPR’s direct applicable costs. UPR RP Indirect Costs: NEH funding is requested for IDC rates of 28.5% for UPR RP as follows: $15,452 ($28,034 base direct costs in year one, totaling $7,990; and $26,182 in base direct costs in year two, totaling $7,462).

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es-MX Margarita Vargas-Betancourt/Patrick Reakes es-MX Bibliography es-MX "Government Documents Department (University of Florida)." Wikipedia, last modified October 12, 2012, accessed November 21, 2012, es-MX http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_Documents_Department_%28University_of_Flo rida%29es-MX es-MX "Lista De Periodicos." Sistema de Bibliotecas, Universidad de Puerto Rico Recinto de Rio Piedras, last modified January 13, accessed November 21, 2012, es-MX http://biblioteca.uprrp.edu/Lista%20de%20Periodicos%20CPR.html es-MX Asociacin de Amigos Pro Libertad de Puerto Rico, Comit Nacional Pro Libertad de Prisioneros de Guerra Puertorriqueos, Juan Antonio Corretjer, Hunter College Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueos, Liga Socialista Puertorriquea, Movimiento Ecumnico Nacional de Puerto Rico, Movimiento de Liberaci n Nacional Puertorriqueo, et al. 1920. A La Izquierda. The Puerto Rican Movement. Newspapers, Periodicals, etc Microfilm ed. es-MX Bravo, Enrique R. comp. 1972. Bibliografa Puertorriquea Selecta y Anotada, Compilada y Anotada Por Enrique R. Bravo New York: Urban Center of Columbia University. es-MX Cevallos, Elena E. and Sheila R. Herstein. 1985. Puerto Rico Oxfo rd and Santa Barbara: Clio Press Chiles, Paul Nelson. 1975. The Puerto Rican Press Reaction to the United States, 1888-1898 New York: Arno Press. Clark, Truman R. May, 1973. ""Educating the Natives in Self-Government": Puerto Rico and the United States, 1900-1933." The Pacific Historical Review 42 (2): 220-233. es-MX Gaines, J. Pendleton, Jr. 1949. A Century in Florida Journalism Masters Thesis, University of Florida. es-MX Gannon Mi chael 2003. Florida: A Short History (Revised) Gainesville, FL. : University Press of Florida Guerra, Lillian. 1998. Popular Expression and National Identity in Puerto Rico. The Struggle for Self, Community, and Nation Gainesville: University Press of Florida. es-MX Knauss, James Owen. 1926. Territorial Florida Journalism Deland, FL.: The Florida State Historical Society. es-MX Lpez de Daz, Aura. 1978. El Periodismo En Puerto Rico: Una Bibliografa De Libros, Artculos De Peridicos, Artculos De Revistas y Otros Materiales Relacionados San Juan: Universidad de Puerto Rico, Escuela de Comunicacin Pblica, Biblioteca. es-MX Ordez Mercado, Mara E. "La Coleccin Puertorriquea." Sistema de Bibliotecas, Universidad de Puerto Rico Recinto de Rio Piedras, last modified September 2012, accessed November 21, 2012, es-MX http://biblioteca.uprrp.edu/COLECCION%20PUERTORIQUE%C3%91A%20.pdfes-MX

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es-MX Pedreira, Antonio Salvador. 1932. Bibliografa Puertorriquea (1492-1930) Madrid: Librera y casa editorial Hernando. es-MX Pleasants Julian M 2003. Orange Journalism: Voices From Florida Newspapers Gainesville, FL. : University Press of Florida. es-MX Renwick, Shamin. 2011. "Caribbean Digital Library Initiatives in the Twenty-First Century: The Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC)." Alexandria 22 (1): 1-18. es-MX Shedden David 2001. Florida Newspaper, 1783-2000: A Chronology Masters Thesis, University of South Florida es-MX Rodrguez Snchez, Israel. 2007. Escndalo Poltico y Periodismo En Puerto Rico San Juan, P.R: Ediciones Huracn. es-MX Romeu, Jos A. 1985. Panorama Del Periodismo Puertorriqueo Ro Piedras, Puerto Rico : Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. es-MX Santana, Mara Cristina. 2000. Puerto Rican Newspaper Coverage of the P uerto Rican Independence Party. A Content Analysis of Three Elections New York, NY: Garland Pub lishing, Inc es-MX Santiago, Diana Isabel. 2005. El Costumbrismo En La Prensa Puertorriquea Del Siglo XIX Madrid: Editorial Pliegos.

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 B C D E F x-none OCLCx-none Uniform Titlex-none Title Properx-none Film heldx-none Notes x-none 71642919x-none Florida's financial and industrial record.x-none 1909-1912 x-none ZERO OCLC x-none Florida and grocery newsx-none Unknownx-none Gift x-none 33129288 x-none The Alachua gazette.x-none 1891 x-none Scattered issues only x-none 11040152 x-none Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1887) x-none Florida farmer & fruit grower.x-none 1887 x-none Scattered issues only x-none 42644298 x-none Illustrated hotel newsx-none 1888 x-none Scattered issues only x-none 45459418x-none Weekly industrial record.x-none 1903-1909 x-none 33065309 x-none St. Andrews buoy.x-none 1893-1909 x-none Scattered issues only x-none 33065392 x-none St. Andrews messenger.x-none 1889-1981 x-none Scattered issues only x-none 33427638 x-none The Chipley banner x-none 1893-1897, 19031904,1910, 1915,1916, 1917, 1921, 1924 x-none UF for film, UF film 1893-1897, 1921-1923 only x-none 1657475x-none Washington County times.x-none 7/16/1891x-none single issue x-none 33857906 x-none DeFuniak herald (De Funiak Springs, Fla. : 1893) x-none The DeFuniak herald.x-none 12/17/1908x-none single issue x-none 32847738x-none De Funiak Springs signal.x-none 9/28/1899x-none single issue x-none 1635882 x-none Wakulla times (Newport, Wakulla County, Fla)x-none Wakulla timesx-none 1849-1859 x-none Scattered issues only x-none 2685110 x-none Newport gazette (Newport, Wakulla County, Fla.) x-none Newport gazette.x-none 1846, 1847 x-none Scattered issues only x-none 1456015 x-none Gulf Coast breeze.x-none 1915 x-none Scattered issues only x-none 33427870 x-none Wakulla times (Crawfordville, Fla.)x-none Wakulla times.x-none 1891-1892 x-none 10 Scattered issues only x-none 32793742 x-none Seabreeze (Seabreeze, Fla.)x-none Seabreeze.x-none 7/8/1904 x-none More film avail??

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 B C D E F x-none 32634067x-none The Peninsula breezex-none 8/18/1900x-none single issue x-none 32828939x-none The Halifax settler.x-none 2/1875 x-none 33859296x-none Coast gazette (Ormond, Fla.)x-none The coast gazette.x-none 1890-1892x-none gaps x-none 1615019 x-none Volusia County herald (Orange City, Fla.)x-none The Volusia County herald.x-none 10/1/1892x-none 1 issue x-none 19568910x-none South Florida timesx-none 1882, 1883x-none 4 issues x-none 33430188 x-none Orange City times (Orange City, Fla. : 1889)x-none Orange City times. x-none 1889-1892, 5/7/1897, 4/7/1899 x-none 12369077 x-none New Smyrna news.x-none 8/31/1928x-none 1 issue x-none 33891933 x-none The Inlet advocatex-none 10/9/1909x-none 1 issue x-none 33891946 x-none The New Smyrna inlet.x-none 1892x-none 3 issues x-none 32935083 x-none The New Smyrna breeze. x-none 1887-1892, 19071908, 1910 x-none Scattered issues; more x-none 1408060 x-none Florida star (New Smyrna, Fla.)x-none The Florida star.x-none 1877 x-none also single issues, 1878-1879 x-none 32787439 x-none New era (Enterprise, Fla.)x-none The new era.x-none 7/24/1890x-none 1 issue x-none 33891814 x-none Enterprise herald (Enterprise, Fla.)x-none Enterprise herald.x-none 1880s x-none scattered issues x-none 1708010 x-none The DeLeon Springs courier.x-none 1/21/1888x-none 1 issue x-none 29323201 x-none The DeLand sun. x-none 2/10/1922, Scattered 1923 x-none more x-none 33063057 x-none The Orange City sunshine. x-none 2/10/1922, 4/10/1925 x-none 2 issues only x-none 13002025 x-none DeLand daily news. x-none 1915-1920, 19221923 x-none gaps, more

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 B C D E F x-none 1699436 x-none DeLand news. x-none 1909-1910, 19161920 x-none Gaps x-none 12369064 x-none Supplement (De Land, Fla.)x-none The supplementx-none 1896, 1900s x-none Scattered issues only x-none 33138258 x-none Volusia County record (De Land, Fla. : 1888)x-none The Volusia County record. x-none 1889-1891, 1893, 1895-1917 x-none 1699465x-none The DeLand weekly news.x-none 1903-1907x-none gaps (1903) x-none 1614952 x-none Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)x-none Volusia County herald.x-none 1877-1878 x-none Scattered issues only x-none 33859156 x-none The Morning hotel news. x-none 1916 1st. Qtr., 1917 1st qtr. x-none 27730702 x-none The Daytona gazette=news x-none 1901-1910, 1912, 1915 x-none 32790971 x-none Commonwealth (Daytona, Fla.)x-none The commonwealth.x-none 9/11/1896x-none 1 issue x-none 33891780 x-none The East Coast messenger.x-none 1885, 1887x-none 4 issues x-none 33896743 x-none Halifax journal (Daytona, Fla.)x-none Halifax journal.x-none 1880s-1890sx-none Scattered issues x-none 1631490x-none Gazette-news (Daytona, Fla.)x-none The gazette-news.x-none 1901 Janx-none gaps x-none 1631353x-none The Daytona daily news.x-none 1905-1923x-none gaps, more x-none 33284036 x-none Union County blade.x-none 1922-1923x-none Scattered issues x-none 33497497x-none Taylor County herald (Perry, Fla.)x-none The Taylor County herald.x-none 1918-1920 x-none 33273861 x-none Live Oak daily Democratx-none 1906-1907x-none Scattered issues x-none 33273856 x-none Suwannee Democrat.x-none 1907, 1909-1910x-none Scattered issues x-none 33273852 x-none The Suwannee leaderx-none 6/5/1897x-none 1 issue x-none 17197000 x-none The Florida Christian advocate.x-none 6/30/1887x-none 1 issue

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 B C D E F x-none 33273849 x-none Banner (Live Oak, Fla.)x-none The banner. x-none 2/9/1894, 9/27/1895, 10/18/1895 x-none 3 issues x-none 1386590 x-none Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)x-none The Florida dispatch.x-none 1877-1889 x-none "Scattered issues missing" x-none 10593694 x-none Live Oak times (Live Oak, Fla.)x-none Live Oak times.x-none 3/22/1873x-none 1 issue x-none 12368992 x-none Leesburg commercial (Leesburg, Fla. : 1878)x-none The Leesburg commercial.x-none 1890s-1920sx-none Scattered issues x-none 32634102 x-none Sumter County advancex-none 11/30/1878x-none 1 issue x-none 33393995 x-none Sumter County times.x-none 1906-1920x-none Scattered issues x-none 34466887 x-none Sanford herald (Sanford, Fla. : 1908)x-none The Sanford herald.x-none 1918-1922x-none gaps x-none 34466828 x-none The Sanford chronicle.x-none Autumn 1908 x-none 34466888 x-none The Sanford daily herald.x-none 1922-1923x-none more x-none 32836438 x-none Gate City chronicle. x-none 1/8/1892, 1/11/1895, 4/28/1899 x-none 3 issues x-none 33399186x-none Milton gazette (Milton, Fla.)x-none The Milton gazette.x-none 1920-1923 x-none 33963891 x-none The Milton index.x-none 3/22/1907x-none 1 issues x-none 34178454x-none The Vero press.x-none 1919-1923x-none more x-none 1379259x-none Fort Pierce news-tribune.x-none 1920-1923x-none more x-none 34201405 x-none Fort Pierce news. x-none 1906, 1908-1912, 1914-1917 x-none gaps x-none 19867935 x-none The St. Lucie County tribune. x-none 1905, 1909, 1913, 1918, 1919 x-none gaps

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 B C D E F x-none 33166787 x-none The St. Augustine meteorx-none 8/8/1913x-none 1 issue x-none 33827675 x-none St. Augustine weekly record.x-none 1904x-none gaps x-none 28360144 x-none The St. Augustine evening record.x-none 1901-1923x-none more x-none 34305156 x-none Evening record (Saint Augustine, Fla.)x-none The evening record.x-none 1899-1901 x-none 34305155 x-none Daily herald (Saint Augustine, Fla.)x-none The daily herald.x-none Aug 1899 x-none 32807195 x-none Morning journal (Saint Augustine, Fla.)x-none Morning journal.x-none 3/1/1898x-none 1 issues x-none 32920655 x-none St. Augustine press (Saint Augustine, Fla. : Daily) x-none St. Augustine press.x-none 7/7/1894x-none 1 issue x-none 33827469 x-none St. Augustine newsx-none 1898, 1899x-none Scattered issues x-none 33827468 x-none St. Augustine weekly news.x-none 1889-1890x-none Scattered issues x-none 32943665 x-none Saint Johns County weekly St. Augustine chronicle. x-none 1886-1887x-none 3 issues x-none 32634080 x-none St. Augustine evening news.x-none 1889-1895x-none Scattered issues x-none 32920654 x-none St. Augustine press (Saint Augustine, Fla. : Weekly) x-none St. Augustine press.x-none 1886-1894x-none Scattered issues x-none 32943664 x-none St. John's weekly.x-none 1879-1883x-none Scattered issues x-none 2712083 x-none Florida weekly press.x-none 1870sx-none Scattered issues x-none 8790001x-none St. Augustine examiner.x-none 1859-1874 x-none gaps x-none 8789967x-none Ancient city (Saint Augustine, Fla.)x-none The ancient city.x-none 1850-1854x-none gaps x-none 8822160x-none Florida herald and Southern Democrat.x-none 1838-1849x-none gaps x-none 2261128x-none Florida herald.x-none 1829-1838x-none gaps

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 B C D E F x-none 33827674 x-none Weekly record (Saint Augustine, Fla.)x-none The weekly record.x-none 1903-1904 x-none 33137762 x-none St. Johns County herald and St. Augustine weekly record. x-none 1916-1917x-none Scattered issues x-none 33137761x-none St. Johns County herald.x-none 1915-1916 x-none 33137760x-none Hastings herald (Hastings, Fla. : 1918)x-none The Hastings herald.x-none 1918-1921 x-none 32852518 x-none Welaka independent.x-none 5/9/1907x-none 1 issue x-none 32852639 x-none The Welaka times.x-none 1875, June-July x-none 31217909x-none The San Mateo item.x-none 1908-1911x-none gaps x-none 4402148x-none Palatka daily news (Palatka, Fla. : 1919)x-none Palatka daily news.x-none 1919-1923x-none gaps, more x-none 33483888x-none Palatka morning post.x-none 1916-1920 x-none 33474844 x-none Palatka news and advertiser (Palatka, Fla. : 1908) x-none The Palatka news and advertiser.x-none 1918-1920 x-none 33474843x-none The Palatka news.x-none 1905-1908 x-none 33474842 x-none Palatka news and advertiser (Palatka, Fla. : 1902) x-none The Palatka news and advertiser.x-none 1902-1905 x-none 35452854x-none Times-herald (Palatka, Fla.)x-none The times-herald.x-none 1895-1923x-none gaps, more x-none 33475273x-none Palatka weekly times.x-none 1892x-none gaps x-none 33474837 x-none Palatka daily advertiserx-none 12/30/1894x-none 1 issue x-none 33475272 x-none Palatka daily times.x-none 12/11/1889x-none 1 issue x-none 32852743 x-none Southern sun (Palatka, Fla.)x-none The Southern sun.x-none 5/7/1885x-none 1 issue x-none 19568606x-none Palatka daily news (Palatka, Fla. : 1884)x-none The Palatka daily news.x-none 1884-1888x-none gaps x-none 32934108 x-none Putnam County journal (Palatka, Fla.)x-none Putnam County journal. x-none 2/17/1881, 4/13/1882 x-none 2 issues only x-none 33474520 x-none Florida weekly news (Palatka, Fla.)x-none The Florida weekly news.x-none 5/20/1887x-none 1 issue x-none 33474522 x-none The Palatka weekly news.x-none 7/12/1889x-none 1 issue

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 B C D E F x-none 10594174x-none Eastern herald (Palatka, Fla.)x-none The Eastern herald.x-none 1875, Sept-Nov x-none 33475271 x-none The Palatka herald.x-none 1880s-1890sx-none Scattered issues x-none 33474840x-none The Palatka weekly advertiser.x-none 1/2/1902 x-none 1414556 x-none The Florida ruralist.x-none Apr 1894 x-none 32849038 x-none The Interlachen bulletin.x-none Oct. 1891 x-none 33896383 x-none Crescent City call Volusia times & Flagler County news. x-none 1923x-none more x-none 32807131 x-none Crescent City news (Crescent City, Fla. : 1899)x-none The Crescent City news.x-none 1899-1902x-none gaps x-none 32807130 x-none Crescent City news (Crescent City, Fla. : 1895)x-none The Crescent City news.x-none 1895, Jan-Mayx-none gaps x-none 2720096 x-none Whig banner (Palatka, Fla.)x-none The Whig banner.x-none 1846-1847x-none 7 scattered issues x-none 18486666x-none Lakeland star telegram.x-none 1922-1923x-none gaps x-none 33413886 x-none Lakeland morning star (Lakeland, Fla. : 1921)x-none The Lakeland morning star.x-none 1921-1922 x-none 33413885x-none The Lakeland star.x-none 1917-1921x-none gaps x-none 33413881x-none The Polk County star.x-none 1916-1919 x-none 33413883 x-none Lakeland morning star (Lakeland, Fla. : 1915)x-none Lakeland morning star.x-none 1915-1917 x-none gaps x-none 33414061x-none The Lakeland evening telegram.x-none 1911-1922x-none gaps x-none 32852461 x-none Florida cracker (Lakeland, Fla.)x-none The Florida cracker.x-none 3/3/1888x-none 1 issue x-none 34304310x-none Polk County record.x-none 1918-1923x-none more x-none 35280554x-none The Cadet couranto.x-none 5/1/1902x-none PAPER ONLY x-none 1556693 x-none Daily courier-informant.x-none 1898, Apr-Aug x-none 32934412 x-none Polk County news (Bartow, Fla.)x-none The Polk County news.x-none 1890-1893

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 B C D E F x-none 23997651 x-none Courier=informant.x-none 1893-1918 x-none 32933551 x-none Bartow advance courier.x-none 1887-1888 x-none 32933550 x-none The Bartow informant.x-none 1881-1884 x-none 34176217 x-none The Tarpon Springs news.x-none 1918-1919x-none Scattered issues x-none 34176219 x-none Tarpon Springs leader (Tarpon Springs, Fla. : 1910) x-none The Tarpon Springs leader.x-none 1921-1923 x-none Also scattered issues in 1910s x-none 34176216 x-none Daily news (Tarpon Springs, Fla.)x-none The daily news.x-none Jan-Feb 1918x-none 7 scattered issues x-none 34176218 x-none Evening leader (Tarpon Springs, Fla.)x-none The evening leader.x-none 1914-1919 x-none 1917-1918 most complete x-none 34175706 x-none Progressive (Tarpon Springs, Fla.)x-none The progressive. x-none 1/27/1914, 9/6/1917, 9/20/1917 x-none 3 issues x-none 36075968x-none Safety Harbor heraldx-none 1917-1923x-none more x-none 29546039 x-none St. Petersburg daily times.x-none 1912-1921 x-none 34305355 x-none St. Petersburg times (Saint Petersburg, Fla. : 1901) x-none The St. Petersburg times. x-none 1901-1908, 19101911 x-none 29231711x-none The Largo sentinel.x-none 1922-1923x-none gaps, more x-none 36065177x-none Sea Breeze (Bonifacio, Fla.)x-none The sea breezex-none 1886-1887 x-none 33963623 x-none Clearwater news (Clearwater, Fla.)x-none The Clearwater news.x-none 1914 x-none 33829101 x-none San Antonio herald (San Antonio, Fla. : 1897)x-none San Antonio herald.x-none 1897-1900 x-none 33828884 x-none San Antonio herald (San Antonio, Fla. : 1892)x-none San Antonio herald.x-none 1/11/1897x-none 1 issue x-none 33829099 x-none Florida Staats-Zeitung.x-none 1896-1897 x-none 32835978x-none San Antonio news (San Antonio, Fla.)x-none San Antonio news.x-none 8/25/1887x-none 1 issue

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 B C D E F x-none 1549631x-none The Dade City banner.x-none 1925x-none Feb-Aug x-none 34179391x-none The Daily tropical sun.x-none 1914-1915 x-none 32933724x-none Informer (West Palm Beach, Fla.)x-none The informer.x-none 4/28/1938x-none 1 issue x-none 11319156 x-none Palm Beach post (West Palm Beach, Fla. : 1916) x-none Palm Beach post.x-none 1921-1923x-none gaps, more x-none 32829928 x-none The Daily Palm Beach breeze. x-none 3/9/1898, 3/10/1898 x-none 2 issues only x-none 9716137 x-none The Tropical sun. x-none 1891-1895, 18971899, 1902-1903, 1905-1906, 1913, 1918-1923 x-none gaps, more x-none 13020735x-none The Stuart messenger.x-none 1915-1923x-none more x-none 33920948x-none Stuart times (Stuart, Fla.)x-none The Stuart times.x-none 1913-1917 x-none 13998478x-none The Daily Palm Beach news.x-none 1903x-none 1 issue x-none 33130970 x-none The Weekly Lake Worth news.x-none 12/25/1900x-none 1 issue x-none 13002182 x-none St. Cloud tribune. x-none 1914-1920, 19221923 x-none Also scattered 1909-1911, more x-none 33274531 x-none The Kissimmee Valley gazettex-none 1897-1923x-none more x-none 33274520 x-none The Kissimmee Valley.x-none 1896-1897x-none Scattered issues x-none 11888890x-none The Florida post.x-none 1922x-none Apr.-July x-none 34180349 x-none The Winter Park post.x-none 1915-1922 x-none 27491312 x-none Lochmede.x-none 1887-1889 x-none 32933649x-none The Winter Park advocate.x-none 1/9/1892x-none 1 issue x-none 32615694 x-none The Florida highland press x-none 11/19/1886, 2/11/1887, 3/25/1887 x-none 3 issues

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 B C D E F x-none 33832558 x-none Sanford daily journal. x-none 1/11/1892, 1/13/1892 x-none 2 issues only x-none 1557354 x-none The Daily Sanford journal. x-none 3/17/1887, 7/5/1887 x-none 2 issues only x-none 16621388x-none South Florida Argus.x-none 1885-1887 x-none 33832557x-none Sanford journal (Sanford, Fla.)x-none The Sanford journal.x-none 1883-1884 x-none 10592575x-none South Florida journal.x-none 1882-1883 x-none 33063268 x-none The Oviedo chronicle. x-none 10/25/1889, 1/8/1892 x-none 2 issues only x-none 2734467x-none Orlando morning sentinel.x-none 1918-1923x-none more x-none 34297092x-none Daily sentinel (Orlando, Fla.)x-none The daily sentinel.x-none 1913x-none gaps x-none 34297093x-none Morning sentinel (Orlando, Fla.)x-none The morning sentinel.x-none 1913-1918x-none Complete x-none 33270125x-none The Florida Baptist.x-none Feb. 1905 x-none 33270124 x-none Southern Baptist witness. x-none 8/31/1904, 10/26/1904 x-none 32848247x-none The Orlando star.x-none 12/19/1896 x-none 33135217 x-none Orlando daily record. x-none 12/8/1886, 5/2/1891 x-none 2 issues only x-none 33065921 x-none The South Florida sentinel.x-none 1880s-1890s x-none Mostly scattered issues x-none 13002171 x-none Orange County reporter (Orlando, Fla.)x-none Orange County reporter.x-none 1884 x-none Also scattered 1889-1892 x-none 33135218 x-none Orlando record. x-none 5/1/1891, 1/11/1892, 1/18/1892 x-none 3 issues x-none 34483549 x-none Florida Methodist (Mount Dora, Fla.)x-none Florida Methodist.x-none July 1886 x-none 32852254 x-none Mount Dora voice.x-none 4/23/1886x-none 1 issue x-none 32686871 x-none Florida (Hawkinsville, Fla.)x-none Florida. x-none 10/1/1881, 9/9/1882 x-none 2 issues only

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 B C D E F x-none 33963824 x-none The Kissimmee leader.x-none 3/19/1886x-none 1 issue x-none 32813322 x-none The Eustis Lake regionx-none 1880s, 1919x-none Scattered issues x-none 33065532 x-none The Semi=tropical. x-none 7/1/1882, 9/16/1882, 2/28/1885, 9/19/1885 x-none 4 issues x-none 1412537 x-none Florida New-Yorker.x-none Dec 1876, 2/8/1884 x-none 33886036x-none Apopka chief (Apopka, Fla. : 1988)x-none The Apopka chief.x-none 1923x-none more x-none 13000784x-none Advertiser (Apopka, Fla.)x-none The advertiser.x-none 1/12/1892x-none 1 issue x-none 36673553 x-none Apopka City union.x-none 3/17/1887 x-none NO FILM; paper reprint x-none 32686024x-none Apopka citizen.x-none 2/20/1886x-none 1 issue x-none 32787376x-none Altoona Argus.x-none 11/3/1883x-none 1 issue x-none 32686678 x-none The Okeechobee call.x-none 1910sx-none 5 scattered issues x-none 33858220 x-none The County journal and Okaloosa leader.x-none 3/2/1917, 6/8/1917x-none 2 issues only x-none 33858223 x-none Okaloosa news=journal (Crestview, Fla. : 1918)x-none The Okaloosa news=journal.x-none 1919-1922x-none gaps x-none 33858221x-none County journal (Crestview, Fla.)x-none The county journal.x-none 12/7/1917x-none 1 issue x-none 33858222x-none The Okaloosa news.x-none 1915-1917 x-none gaps x-none 33142105 x-none Nassau County leader and Fernandina newsrecord. x-none 1921-1923 x-none Scattered issues, more x-none 33141438 x-none Fernandina news-recordx-none 1910s-1920 x-none Scattered issues x-none 33141437 x-none The Fernandina recordx-none 1900s x-none 6 scattered issues, 1 incomplete x-none 33834379 x-none The Nassau County starx-none 1900sx-none 8 scattered issues

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 B C D E F x-none 33834378 x-none Florida mirror (Fernandina, Fla.)x-none Florida mirror.x-none 1878-1886 x-none Also scattered 1891 x-none 36106179x-none The Fernandina expressx-none 1880-1882x-none Many gaps x-none 32634042 x-none The Nassau citizenx-none 2/3/1877x-none 1 issue x-none 32615799 x-none Island city (Fernandina, Fla.)x-none The island cityx-none 4/7/1870x-none 1 issue x-none 10587904 x-none The Fernandina courier. x-none 5/9/1866, 5/16/1866, 1/2/1867 x-none 3 issues x-none 2702036 x-none East Floridian (Fernandina, Fla.)x-none The East Floridian.x-none 1859-1861x-none Scattered issues x-none 2705858x-none Florida news (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1852)x-none The Florida news.x-none 1853-1857 x-none 33141436 x-none Fernandina news (Fernandina, Fla. : 1891)x-none Fernandina news.x-none 1891, 1896x-none 4 issues x-none 33141692 x-none News (Fernandina, Fla.)x-none The news. x-none 5/30/1907, 8/18/1910 x-none 2 issues only x-none 10587487 x-none The Fernandina observer.x-none 1870s x-none Scattered issues x-none 32734014 x-none The Sunday sentinelx-none 1870sx-none Scattered issues x-none 33273415 x-none The Key West journal. x-none 10/13/1909, 10/16/1909 x-none 2 issues only x-none 34484548 x-none El Loco-cuerdo.x-none 12/18/1910x-none 1 issue x-none 33273315 x-none The Key West morning journal.x-none 1910s x-none scattered issues x-none 33273229 x-none Key West advertiser (Key West, Fla. : 1891)x-none The Key West advertiser. x-none 9/12/1891, 7/28/1906, 11/24/1906 x-none 3 issues x-none 33271164x-none The Daily Key.x-none 1/13/1888x-none 1 issue x-none 33271163x-none Evening call (Key West, Fla.)x-none The evening call.x-none 11/7/1887x-none 1 issue

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 B C D E F x-none 33273614 x-none Key West Democrat.x-none 1880s x-none Scattered issues x-none 33272538 x-none Island City news (Key West, Fla.)x-none Island City news. x-none 3/16/1883, 3/23/1883. 4/20/1883 x-none 3 issues x-none 1556730 x-none The Daily equator-Democrat.x-none 1889-1890x-none Scattered issues x-none 2701762 x-none The Key West citizen.x-none 1908-1919, 1923x-none Scattered issues x-none 8789191 x-none El Yara.x-none 5/25/1889x-none 1 issue x-none 8788959 x-none Key of the Gulf (Key West, Fla. : 1874)x-none The Key of the Gulf.x-none 1870s, 1880sx-none Scattered issues x-none 11262967x-none Key-West guardian.x-none 1/18/1873x-none 1 issue x-none 8788679 x-none Key West dispatch.x-none 1870s, 1880x-none Scattered issues x-none 7489220 x-none New era (Key West, Fla.)x-none The new era.x-none 1862-1863 x-none Scattered issues x-none 11257649 x-none Key of the Gulf (Key West, Fla. : 1855)x-none Key of the Gulf.x-none 1850s, 1860x-none Scattered issues x-none 2734511 x-none Key West gazette (Key West, Fla. : 1845)x-none Key West gazette.x-none Dec. 1845x-none 2 issues only x-none 8789051 x-none South Floridian. x-none 11/10/1838, 11/24/1839 x-none 2 issues only x-none 33270645x-none Key West enquirer.x-none 1834-1836x-none gaps x-none 33271080x-none Key West gazette (Key West, Fla. : 1831)x-none Key West gazette.x-none 1831-1832x-none gaps x-none 2704221 x-none Key West register, and commercial advertiser. x-none 1829x-none Scattered issues x-none 32910869 x-none Silver Springs Park herald.x-none Nov 1885 x-none 33065696 x-none Silver Springs Park weekly.x-none 10/25/1890x-none 1 issue

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 B C D E F x-none 18395678 x-none Southern witness (De Land, Fla.)x-none The Southern witness.x-none 1905-1907 x-none 33427808x-none Morning news (Ocala, Fla. : 1897)x-none The morning news.x-none 1897x-none Sept-Oct. x-none 11319138x-none The Ocala weekly star.x-none 1897-1898 x-none 11319113 x-none The Ocala evening star x-none 1895-1896, 18971922 x-none more x-none 32829809 x-none New Capitol (Ocala, Fla.)x-none The new capitol. x-none 6/10/1891, 10/15/1892, 9/2/1893 x-none 3 issues x-none 33427791 x-none Morning news (Ocala, Fla. : 1896)x-none The morning newsx-none 2/28/1896x-none 1 issue x-none 33427807 x-none The Ocala mail and express.x-none 1897-Aug-Sept x-none 32910751 x-none Florida semi-tropical news.x-none 1889, Jan x-none 1557205 x-none Daily item (Ocala, Fla.)x-none The daily item.x-none 1885, May x-none 18660476 x-none Ocala banner (Ocala, Fla. : 1883)x-none The Ocala banner x-none 1883-1884, gaps; 1885-1888, 1889, gaps; 1890-1892, 1894-1899, 19011923 x-none More x-none 33452254 x-none The Ocala banner-lacon.x-none 1882-1883x-none Complete x-none 33387110 x-none Rural free press.x-none 6/7/1888x-none 1 issue x-none 10594003x-none The East Florida banner.x-none 1871, 1874-1876x-none gaps x-none 32828475 x-none Florida home companion.x-none 1857-1860x-none Scattered issues x-none 33392371 x-none Florida mirror (Ocala, Fla.)x-none Florida mirror.x-none 1853x-none 8 scattered issues x-none 32848959 x-none Tropical farmer (Ocala, Fla.)x-none The tropical farmer. x-none Aug 1852, June 1853

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 B C D E F x-none 32686473 x-none Marion star (Ocala, Fla.)x-none Marion star.x-none 7/2/1851x-none 1 issue x-none 10585393 x-none Southern sun (Ocala, Fla.)x-none The Southern sun. x-none 4/8/1854, 6/10/1854 x-none 2 issues only x-none 2719785 x-none Ocala Argus.x-none 1848x-none 5 issues x-none 32933890 x-none Marion free press.x-none 6/18/1896x-none 1 issue x-none 32915807 x-none Florida home journal.x-none 4/11/1863x-none 1 issue x-none 33286439 x-none Florida news (Leroy, Fla.)x-none Florida news.x-none 4/15/1891x-none 1 issue x-none 32829451 x-none Kerr City advertiser.x-none 12/24/1884x-none 1 issue x-none 32828750 x-none Fort Ogden news.x-none 2/25/1887x-none 1 issue x-none 33135017 x-none Evening herald (Bradenton, Fla.)x-none The evening herald.x-none 1922-1923x-none more x-none 34295565 x-none Manatee River journal and Bradentown herald. x-none 1922-1923x-none more x-none 33135015 x-none Evening journal (Bradenton, Fla.)x-none Evening journal.x-none 1915, Jan 1916 x-none 34295563 x-none Manatee River journal (Bradenton, Fla. : 1901)x-none Manatee River journal.x-none 1918-1922x-none Complete x-none 34295562 x-none Manatee River journal-news.x-none 1899-1901x-none Complete x-none 34295561 x-none Manatee River journal and Braidentown news. x-none 1898-1899x-none Complere x-none 33135014 x-none The Braidentown news.x-none 1897-1898 x-none 34295560 x-none Manatee River journal (Bradenton, Fla. : 1888)x-none Manatee River journal.x-none 1888-1889x-none Complete

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 B C D E F x-none 1456360 x-none Gulf Coast progress (Bradenton, Fla.)x-none Gulf Coast progress. x-none 11/4/1884, 11/15/1884 x-none 2 issues only x-none 33284794x-none The Enterprise-recorder.x-none 1908-1923 x-none more x-none 33284792 x-none New enterprise (Madison, Fla.)x-none The new enterprise. x-none 1901-1905, 19061908 x-none 34483836 x-none The Florida Normalite.x-none 1921x-none Apr. x-none 32787302 x-none New era (Madison, Fla.)x-none The new era.x-none 8/7/1894x-none 1 issue x-none 10593792 x-none Madison recorder (Madison, Fla.)x-none The Madison recorder.x-none 1880s-1900sx-none Scattered issues x-none 32787256 x-none Southern messenger (Madison, Fla.)x-none The Southern messenger. x-none 12/25/1858, 4/20/1866, 4/27/1866 x-none 3 issues x-none 33129422 x-none Florida free press (Bristol, Fla.)x-none The Florida free press.x-none 1901-1905, 1911x-none Scattered issues x-none 33129423 x-none Free press (Bristol, Fla.)x-none The Free press.x-none 1921-1923x-none gaps, more x-none 34180107x-none The Williston sun.x-none 1922-1923x-none gaps, more x-none 34180019x-none The Williston progress.x-none 1921-1922 x-none 32847877 x-none Cedar Key commercial.x-none 1890-1891x-none Scattered issues x-none 32847935 x-none The Cedar Key Gulf-Coaster. x-none 1893-1896, 19001901 x-none Scattered issues x-none 1457972 x-none Gulf view. x-none 3/12/1887, 4/14/1888 x-none 2 issues only x-none 10587996 x-none Florida State journal (Cedar Key, Fla.)x-none Florida State journal.x-none 8/5/1882x-none 1 issue x-none 32854258 x-none Telegraph (Cedar Key, Fla.)x-none The telegraph.x-none 1860x-none Scattered issues x-none 32854256 x-none Cedar Keys telegraph. x-none 12/17/1859, 12/28/1859 x-none 2 issies

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 B C D E F x-none 17000487 x-none The Levy County news.x-none 1923x-none gaps; more x-none 33129983 x-none The Levy County times. x-none 2/5/1885, 4/1/1886, 4/11/1889 x-none 3 issues x-none 32733541 x-none Bronson weekly artery.x-none 10/24/1874x-none 1 issue x-none 34468094 x-none Daily Democrat (Tallahassee, Fla. : 1915)x-none The daily Democrat.x-none 1915, 1916 x-none 1915 scattered issues x-none 34468093 x-none Tallahassee daily Democrat (Tallahassee, Fla. : 1915) x-none The Tallahassee daily Democrat.x-none 4/8/1915, 6/5/1915x-none 2 issues only x-none 33933866x-none Weekly Democrat (Tallahassee, Fla.)x-none The weekly Democrat.x-none 1915-1918 x-none 34468092 x-none Daily Democrat (Tallahassee, Fla. : 1913)x-none The daily Democrat.x-none 1913x-none Apr-June x-none 33933865 x-none Weekly true Democrat (Tallahassee, Fla. : 1913) x-none The weekly true Democrat.x-none 1913-1915x-none Complete x-none 33933864x-none The Semi-weekly true Democrat.x-none 1912-1913x-none Complete x-none 32910493 x-none The Florida recordx-none 1916-1918x-none Scattered issues x-none 33400105x-none Morning sun (Tallahassee, Fla.)x-none The morning sun.x-none 1907, 1909x-none Apr-June x-none 33400104x-none Sun (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The sun.x-none 1905-1908 x-none 33933863 x-none Weekly true Democrat (Tallahassee, Fla. : 1905) x-none The weekly true Democrat.x-none 1905-1912 x-none 32848186 x-none The Tallahassee daily capital.x-none 1901, 1905x-none 4 issues x-none 32847817 x-none Florida (Tallahassee, Fla. : 1910)x-none Florida.x-none 10/20/1910x-none 1 issue x-none 32848188 x-none The Tallahassee weekly capital. x-none 12/11/1903, 4/29/1904, 11/19/1905 x-none 3 issues x-none 32910702 x-none Alliance (Tallahassee, Fla.)x-none The alliance.x-none 1891x-none 7 scattered issues

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 B C D E F x-none 33891444 x-none The Daily Floridian.x-none 1891 x-none Scattered Apr.Jun x-none 32910703 x-none The Florida alliance. x-none 12/10/1891, 12/24/1891 x-none 2 issues only x-none 33062842 x-none Monthly Florida bulletin (Bureau of Immigration). x-none 1891x-none Feb, Mar, June x-none 33927381 x-none The Tallahasseean.x-none 7/18/1885x-none 1 issue x-none 33927380x-none Land of flowers (Tallahassee, Fla.)x-none The land of flowers.x-none 1881-1883, 1885 x-none 33927383 x-none The Weekly Tallahasseean and land of flowers. x-none 1886-1888x-none gaps x-none 1407238x-none The Florida immigrant.x-none 1877-1878 x-none 8821943x-none The Weekly Floridian.x-none 1867-1870x-none gaps x-none 9308128 x-none The Tallahassee sentinel. x-none 1866-1867, 1870, 1873, 1874-1876 x-none gaps x-none 11286536x-none Florida tri-weekly sentinel.x-none 1866x-none Complete x-none 10592207 x-none The Semi-weekly Floridian.x-none 1865-1867x-none Scattered issues x-none 2704418x-none The Floridian & journal.x-none 1849-1860 x-none 8793308x-none Southern journal (Tallahassee, Fla.)x-none Southern journal.x-none 1846-1849 x-none 8799260x-none Star of Floridax-none 1841-1845 x-none 9308040 x-none The Tallahassee starx-none 3/13/1839x-none 1 issue x-none 8807222 x-none The Florida watchmanx-none 1837. 1838x-none Scattered issues x-none 10589672 x-none Floridian (Tallahassee, Fla. : 1831)x-none The Floridian. x-none 1831-1841, 18461848 x-none 8805005 x-none Florida courier (Tallahassee, Fla.)x-none Florida courier.x-none 4/21/1831x-none 1 issue x-none 8807470 x-none Florida sentinel (Tallahassee, Fla.)x-none The Florida sentinel. x-none 1847-1849; 18501851; 1862-1863; 1866 x-none gaps

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 B C D E F x-none 8807712 x-none Floridian & advocate.x-none 1829-1831x-none gaps x-none 8807696 x-none Floridian (Tallahassee, Fla. : 1828)x-none The Floridian.x-none 11/18/1828x-none 1 issue x-none 8811337 x-none Florida advocate (Tallahassee, Fla.)x-none Florida advocate.x-none 1827-1829x-none Scattered issues x-none 8804854 x-none Florida intelligencer.x-none 1826 x-none Feb-May, JulyDec. x-none 33927384x-none The Weekly Tallahasseean.x-none 1900-1905 x-none 32934255 x-none Advertiser (Magnolia, Leon County, Fla.)x-none Advertiser.x-none 1830x-none Feb.-Apr. x-none 8789944 x-none Magnolia advertiser (Magnolia, Leon County, Fla.) x-none Magnolia advertiser.x-none 1828-1829 x-none 32933817 x-none Leon County journal.x-none 4/16/1897x-none 1 issue x-none 34201129 x-none Fort Myers tropical newsx-none 1920-1922x-none more x-none 34201128x-none Fort Myers press (Fort Myers, Fla. : 1914)x-none The Fort Myers press.x-none 1914-1923x-none gaps + more x-none 34201126 x-none Weekly press (Fort Myers, Fla.)x-none The weekly pressx-none 1914x-none June x-none 34201127 x-none Fort Myers daily press. x-none 1911-1912, 19131914 x-none gaps x-none 1379248 x-none Fort Myers weekly press.x-none 1911-1914x-none Complete x-none 34201124 x-none Weekly Fort Myers press.x-none 1911x-none Complete x-none 34201123 x-none Fort Myers press (Fort Myers, Fla. : 1903)x-none Fort Myers press.x-none 1903-1911x-none Complete x-none 34201122 x-none Fort Myers press consolidated with the tropical news. x-none 1897-1903 x-none 22213582 x-none Fort Myers press (Fort Myers, Fla. : 1884)x-none The Fort Myers press.x-none 1884-1897

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 B C D E F x-none 31116906 x-none American eagle (Estero, Fla. : 1906)x-none American eagle. x-none 11/2/1911, 4/26/23, more x-none scattered issues x-none 34484203 x-none Lake conics.x-none 3/15/1921x-none 1 issue x-none 33402794 x-none The Tavares herald.x-none 1888, 1891, 1897x-none Scattered issues x-none 33934132 x-none Lake County citizen (Tavares, Fla.)x-none The Lake County citizen.x-none 1923 x-none scattered issues + more x-none 1347713 x-none Florida facts (Saint Francis, Fla.)x-none Florida facts.x-none 1890-1910x-none unclassed!? x-none 33136158 x-none The Groveland graphic.x-none 1923 x-none 4th quarter + more x-none 33286670x-none Mayo free press (Mayo, Fla. : 1888)x-none The Mayo free press.x-none 1913-1923x-none more x-none 11288602 x-none Monticello advertiser.x-none 5/16/1873x-none 1 issue x-none 10573839x-none Family friend (Monticello, Fla.)x-none Family friend.x-none 1859-1861 x-none 10593845 x-none The Marianna courier. x-none 3/13/1873, 9/5/1878 x-none 2 issues only x-none 2683901 x-none Florida Whig.x-none 1847-1849, 1852 x-none scattered issues x-none 33424847 x-none The Advocate and advertiser.x-none 1904-1905x-none scattered issues x-none 33424848 x-none Holmes County advertiser (Westville, Fla. : 1906) x-none Holmes County advertiser.x-none 1906-1923x-none more x-none 33424846 x-none Holmes County advertiser (Westville, Fla. : 1894) x-none Holmes County advertiser.x-none 1898-1904x-none scattered issues x-none 33965454 x-none L'Organizzatore.x-none 1/3/1920x-none 1 issue x-none 1599475 x-none Voce della colonia (Ybor City, Tampa, Fla.)x-none La voce della colonia.x-none 1911x-none mostly June x-none 33966681 x-none El Obrero industrial =$$bIndustrial worker.x-none 4/30/1914x-none 1 issue

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 B C D E F x-none 33965539 x-none L'Alba sociale.x-none 1901x-none scattered issues x-none 33965835 x-none Aurora (Ybor City, Tampa, Fla.)x-none L'aurora.x-none 1912, 1913x-none scattered issues x-none 33964597 x-none Federacin (Ybor City, Tampa, Fla.)x-none La federacinx-none 1899-1901x-none scattered issues x-none 1699373 x-none Defensa (Tampa, Fla.)x-none La defensa.x-none 10/17/1916x-none 1 issue x-none 33963987 x-none The Tampa citizen.x-none 1919-1922 x-none 33966251 x-none Comercio (Tampa, Fla.)x-none El comercio.x-none 1914, 1915x-none 2 issues only x-none 33964636 x-none Internacional (Tampa, Fla. : 1904)x-none El Internacional.x-none 1904-1923x-none more x-none 34174769 x-none Tampa morning tribune (Tampa, Fla. : 1904)x-none Tampa morning tribune.x-none 1094-1923x-none more x-none 33964635x-none Boletin obrero.x-none 1903x-none gaps x-none 33964634 x-none Federal (Tampa, Fla.)x-none El federal.x-none 1902-1903x-none Complete x-none 33965638 x-none La Voz del esclavo.x-none 1900, 1901x-none 6 issues x-none 33965618 x-none La Voce dello schiavo.x-none 1900, 1901x-none 6 issues x-none 13002139 x-none Morning tribune (Tampa, Fla. : 1897)x-none The morning tribune.x-none 1897-1904 x-none 16350176 x-none Tampa morning tribune (Tampa, Fla. : 1895)x-none The Tampa morning tribune.x-none 1895-1897 x-none 34174764 x-none Weekly tribune (Tampa, Fla.)x-none The weekly tribune.x-none 1895x-none Sept-Dec, gaps x-none 34174763 x-none Tampa tribune (Tampa, Fla. : 1894)x-none The Tampa tribune.x-none 1894-1895x-none gaps x-none 34174762 x-none Morning tribune (Tampa, Fla. : 1893 : Weekly)x-none The morning tribune.x-none 1893-1894

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 B C D E F x-none 33974561 x-none The Tampa weekly times.x-none 4/1/1897x-none 1 issue x-none 8790237x-none The Tampa daily times.x-none 1912-1921x-none gaps x-none 34174768 x-none The Daily Tampa tribune.x-none 1892x-none July-Dec x-none 34174765 x-none Tampa tribune (Tampa, Fla. : 1890)x-none The Tampa tribune.x-none 1890-1891 x-none 34174767 x-none The Tampa daily tribune.x-none 1892x-none May-July x-none 33975020 x-none Tampa daily journal.x-none 1890x-none Jan-May x-none 33974878 x-none The Tampa daily herald.x-none 12/8/1897x-none 1 issue x-none 1557275 x-none Daily news (Tampa, Fla.)x-none The daily news.x-none 1920 x-none Jan, Feb Scattered issues x-none 13020764 x-none The Tampa journal.x-none 1886-1891x-none gaps x-none 32935264 x-none The South Florida messenger.x-none 5/15/1885x-none 1 issue x-none 34174761 x-none Tampa tribune (Tampa, Fla. : 1885)x-none The Tampa tribune.x-none 1887-1891 x-none 10588271 x-none The Tampa guardian.x-none 1879-1880. 1886 x-none 2711399 x-none The Sunland tribune (Tampa, Fla. : 1875)x-none The Sunland tribune.x-none 1877-1883? x-none Holdings ambiguuous x-none 31508868 x-none True Southerner (Tampa, Fla.)x-none The true Southerner.x-none 1868x-none 7 issues x-none 11286473 x-none The Florida peninsular.x-none 1850s-1860sx-none Scattered issues x-none 33974877 x-none The Tampa herald. x-none 2/22/1854, 10/25/1854 x-none 2 issues only

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 B C D E F x-none 33065801 x-none The South Florida homex-none 1890sx-none Scattered issues x-none 33501759x-none The Plant City courier.x-none 1921 x-none 33387136 x-none South Florida courier.x-none 1886-1887 x-none 32823218 x-none Fort Dade messenger.x-none 7/11/1884x-none 1 issue x-none 1636232 x-none West Hillsborough times.x-none 1886-1887x-none Scattered issues x-none 33895524 x-none The Sebring white way.x-none 1910s-1920s x-none more; scattered issues x-none 44453919x-none Southern argus (Brooksville, Fla.)x-none The Southern argusx-none 1923x-none more; gaps x-none 33129759 x-none The Hernando news. x-none 7/25/1891, 8/22/1891 x-none 2 issues only x-none 33129761x-none News-register (Brooksville, Fla.)x-none The news-register.x-none 2/28/1896x-none 1 issue x-none 33284189 x-none The Caloosahatchee current.x-none 1922-1923x-none Scattered issues x-none 33284190x-none LaBelle current.x-none 6/5/1925x-none 1 issue x-none 36669553x-none Zolfo Springs truth.x-none 1913-1919 x-none 39245231x-none Florida advocate (Wauchula, Fla.)x-none The Florida advocatex-none 1910s-1920sx-none gaps x-none 1669549 x-none The White Springs herald.x-none 2/27/1903x-none 1 issue x-none 33315707 x-none Jasper news (Jasper, Fla.)x-none The Jasper news x-none 1890-1912, 19151918, 1920, x-none 1445941 x-none Gadsden County times.x-none 1907-1909 x-none Sparse issues in 1910s x-none 1445974 x-none The Gadsden Democrat.x-none 1892, 1893x-none 5 issues x-none 1443014 x-none The Quincy Florida herald.x-none 1890s x-none Scattered issues x-none 33066035 x-none Star (Quincy, Fla.)x-none The star.x-none 4/26/1879x-none 1 issue

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 B C D E F x-none 1443026 x-none Quincy herald (Quincy, Fla.)x-none Quincy herald.x-none 1887-1889x-none Scattered issues x-none 1443044 x-none Quincy journal (Quincy, Fla.)x-none The Quincy journal.x-none 1870sx-none 5 issues x-none 1443001 x-none The Quincy commonwealth.x-none 1866, 1867x-none 4 issues x-none 1443065 x-none Quincy semi-weekly dispatch.x-none 1860s x-none 4 issues x-none 1443052 x-none The Quincy republic. x-none 10/15/1859, 4/6/1861 x-none 2 issues only x-none 2719867 x-none Quincy times (Quincy, Fla.)x-none The Quincy times. x-none 5/13/1848, 5/20/1848 x-none 2 issues only x-none 1443071 x-none The Quincy sentinel.x-none 1839-1841x-none Scattered issues x-none 33483649 x-none The Quincy new era.x-none 5/11/1900x-none 1 issue x-none 2683884 x-none St. Joseph times (Saint Joseph, Franklin County, Fla.) x-none St. Joseph timesx-none 1830s-1840sx-none Scattered issues x-none 2713335 x-none Star of the west (Apalachicola, Fla.)x-none The star of the west.x-none 1848x-none 3 issues x-none 8807274 x-none Florida journal (Apalachicola, Fla. : 1844)x-none Florida journal.x-none 1/25/1844x-none 1 issue x-none 2713285 x-none Commercial advertiser (Apalachicola, Fla. : 1843) x-none Commercial advertiser.x-none 1840sx-none gaps x-none 1664805 x-none Watchman of the Gulf.x-none 8/12/1843x-none 1 issue x-none 10588193 x-none Commercial advertiser (Apalachicola, Fla. : 1840) x-none The commercial advertiser. x-none 8/1/1840, 9/12/1840 x-none 2 issues only x-none 8804923 x-none Florida journal (Apalachicola, Fla. : 1840)x-none The Florida journal.x-none 1840sx-none 3 issues x-none 8808732 x-none The Apalachicolian.x-none 12/26/1840x-none 1 issue

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 B C D E F x-none 2713250 x-none The Apalachicola courier.x-none 1839x-none 4 issues x-none 24875038 x-none Apalachicola gazette.x-none 1836-1839 x-none 33425664x-none The Flagler tribune.x-none 1918-1923 x-none 32822555 x-none Colored citizen (Pensacola, Fla.)x-none The colored citizen.x-none 1914-1923x-none Scattered issues x-none 34304901 x-none Pensacola evening news.x-none 1908x-none Scattered issues x-none 16280864x-none The Pensacola journal.x-none 1905-1923 x-none 32989970 x-none Morning star (Pensacola, Fla.)x-none The morning star. x-none 10/17/1896, 3/10/1897 x-none 2 issues only x-none 32935015 x-none Methodist news (Pensacola, Fla.)x-none The Methodist news.x-none 1891 x-none 33063393 x-none The Pensacola daily times.x-none 3/18/1896x-none 1 issue x-none 33669261x-none Daily news (Pensacola, Fla.)x-none The daily newsx-none 1889, 1898 x-none 33495824 x-none Pensacola commercial (Pensacola, Fla. : 1888)x-none Pensacola commercial.x-none 1888-1889 x-none 33495823x-none Pensacola daily commercial.x-none 1888-1889 x-none 33063433 x-none Pensacola fish news.x-none 1886x-none Jan, Mar x-none 34484042 x-none Irving messenger.x-none 9/1885 x-none 2713410 x-none Pensacola commercial (Pensacola, Fla. : 1883)x-none Pensacola commercial.x-none 1883-1887 x-none 33499608x-none Pensacolian (Pensacola, Fl. : 1883)x-none The Pensacolianx-none 1883-1889 x-none 33499053 x-none Advance-gazettex-none 1883-1885x-none Scattered issues x-none 33499049 x-none Pensacola advance=gazette.x-none 1882-1883x-none 4 issues x-none 33495762x-none Pensacola semi=weekly commercial.x-none 1882-1883 x-none 33495740x-none Pensacola weekly commercial.x-none 1882x-none Feb. Apr.

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 B C D E F x-none 32828001 x-none Echo (Pensacola, Fla. : 1878)x-none The echo.x-none 2/15/1878x-none 1 issue x-none 33499046 x-none Pensacola gazette (Pensacola, Fla. : 1878)x-none The Pensacola gazette.x-none 1878, 1879, 1880x-none Scattered issues x-none 33499047 x-none The Pensacola advance.x-none 1878, 1879, 1880x-none Scattered issues x-none 10592373 x-none The Pensacola weekly gazette. x-none 4/29/1875, 6/21/1877 x-none 2 issues only x-none 31909051 x-none Pensacola Republican.x-none 7/4/1874x-none 1 issue x-none 31909225 x-none Florida weekly express.x-none 1870sx-none 4 issues x-none 32829993 x-none Pensacola mail.x-none 1/20/1872x-none 1 issue x-none 1635789 x-none The West Florida commercial.x-none 1860s x-none Scattered issues x-none 12368945 x-none Tri-weekly observer (Pensacola, Fla.)x-none The tri-weekly observer.x-none 8/4/1866x-none 1 issue x-none 31509024 x-none Pensacola observer.x-none 1868, 1870x-none Scattered issues x-none 32786736 x-none Pensacola weekly observerx-none 6/9/1861x-none 1 issue x-none 2720157 x-none The West-Florida times.x-none 1857x-none 4 issues x-none 8787156 x-none Live oak (Pensacola, Fla.)x-none The Live oak.x-none 1847x-none Scattered issues x-none 9716510x-none Neutral (Pensacola, Fla.)x-none The neutral.x-none 1848x-none Feb.-May x-none 10573959 x-none The Florida Democrat and mechanic's and workingman's advocate. x-none 1840s-1850sx-none Scattered issues x-none 2707408x-none Florida Democrat (Pensacola, Fla.)x-none The Florida Democrat.x-none 1846x-none Jan-July x-none 2704803 x-none Pensacola gazette (Pensacola, Fla. : 1830)x-none Pensacola gazette.x-none 1830sx-none gaps

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 B C D E F x-none 33473355 x-none Florida Argus, and Pensacola literary, agricultural & commercial register. x-none 1828 x-none 9716009 x-none Pensacola gazette and Florida advertiser.x-none 1828-1830 x-none 2707006 x-none Pensacola gazette and West Florida advertiser. x-none 1824-1828 x-none 2683814x-none Floridian (Pensacola, Fla.)x-none The Floridian.x-none 1821-1823x-none gaps x-none 33495621 x-none Pensacola commercial (Pensacola, Fla. : 1871)x-none The Pensacola commercial.x-none 2/25/1871 x-none 32935164 x-none Pensacola press.x-none 8/26/1903 x-none 33963938 x-none Pablo Beach breeze.x-none 6/2/1888 x-none 8335069x-none Jacksonville journal (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none Jacksonville journal.x-none 1922x-none more x-none 33230081 x-none The Florida metropolis.x-none 1913-1922 x-none 25595604x-none Dixie (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none Dixie.x-none 1910-1916 x-none 33130843 x-none Artisan (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The artisan.x-none 1915-1919 x-none 32848946 x-none State (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The state.x-none 3/10/1916x-none 1 issue x-none 8334948 x-none Florida times-union (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1903)x-none The Florida times-union.x-none 1903-1923x-none more x-none 13002112 x-none Semi-weekly times-union (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1903) x-none The Semi-weekly times-union.x-none 1903-1904 x-none 33229679 x-none The Semi-weekly Florida times-union.x-none 1903x-none May-June x-none 32852462 x-none Florida cracker (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The Florida cracker.x-none 5/17/1902x-none 1 issue x-none 16269164 x-none The Florida times-union and citizen.x-none 12/19/1897; 1900sx-none Scattered issues x-none 13118148 x-none The Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen. x-none 1897-1902x-none gaps

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 B C D E F x-none 9169447 x-none The Florida evangelist.x-none 1/20/1900x-none 1 issue x-none 33225062 x-none Semi-weekly times-union (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1895) x-none Semi-weekly times-union.x-none 1895-1897 x-none 33227394 x-none Weekly Florida citizen. x-none 8/2/1894, 6/11/1896 x-none 2 issues only x-none 33224537 x-none The Evening times-union.x-none 1894-1895 x-none 1387403 x-none Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1893) x-none Florida farmer & fruit grower.x-none 1893-1898 x-none 13002049x-none Daily Florida citizen.x-none 1894-1897x-none gaps x-none 33225061 x-none The Weekly times-union.x-none 1893-1895x-none gaps x-none 33224536 x-none Evening telegram (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The evening telegram.x-none 1891-1894 x-none 32933774 x-none Jacksonville advocate (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1891)x-none Jacksonville advocate.x-none 5/20/1896x-none 1 issue x-none 1556939 x-none The Daily Florida standard.x-none 1890-1892x-none Scattered issues x-none 1557237 x-none Daily military review.x-none 4/11/1890x-none 1 issue x-none 8331021 x-none The Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower. x-none 1889-1893x-none gaps x-none 13002147 x-none The Weekly Florida times-union.x-none 1889-1893x-none gaps x-none 33225059 x-none The Florida weekly times-union.x-none 2/14/1889x-none 1 issue x-none 2704595 x-none Florida sentinel (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The Florida sentinel.x-none 1890sx-none 4 issues x-none 8793335 x-none Metropolis (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The metropolis.x-none 1901-1913x-none gaps x-none 32787667 x-none News-herald (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The news-herald.x-none 1887-1888

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 B C D E F x-none 33222301 x-none Weekly news-herald.x-none 1887-1888 x-none 33222299 x-none Jacksonville morning news.x-none 1886x-none May-Sept x-none 33270123 x-none Florida Baptist witness (Lake City, Fla.)x-none The Florida Baptist witness.x-none 4/24/1894x-none 1 issue x-none 9668213 x-none Florida times-union (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1883)x-none The Florida times-union.x-none 1883-1897 x-none 32935306 x-none Tropical paradise (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none Tropical paradise.x-none 1884, 1885x-none 3 issues x-none 33225058 x-none Florida weekly times.x-none 1880sx-none Scattered issues x-none 2701966x-none The Florida daily times.x-none 1882-1883 x-none 34833428x-none Active life and duty.x-none 11/1880x-none PAPER x-none 33129841x-none Florida journal (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The Florida journal.x-none 1884x-none May-Aug x-none 33222300 x-none Morning news (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The morning news.x-none 1887x-none June 104 x-none 1556783 x-none The Daily Florida heraldx-none 1880sx-none 3 issues x-none 1376795 x-none Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)x-none The Florida agriculturist. x-none 1878-1895, 1887, 1897-1902, 19041906 x-none 1558554x-none Daily sun (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The daily sun.x-none 1877x-none Feb. x-none 2704550x-none The Daily sun and press.x-none 1877-1878 x-none 2704620x-none The Weekly sun and press.x-none 1878x-none Jan-June x-none 10587405x-none Florida sun (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The Florida sun.x-none 6/24/1876, 1877 x-none 1671167 x-none The Tri-weekly Florida sun.x-none 1876x-none 1 week x-none 36065033 x-none Florida agriculturist (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The Florida agriculturist.x-none 1874, 1875, 1887x-none 4 issues x-none 12368935 x-none New South (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1874 : Semiweekly) x-none The new South.x-none 1874-1875

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 B C D E F x-none 16156679 x-none New South (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1874 : Weekly)x-none The new South.x-none 1875 x-none 33227630x-none The Tri-weekly Florida union.x-none 12/1874x-none 1 week x-none 11288461 x-none Florida Republican (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1871)x-none The Florida Republican. x-none 2/5/1873, 3/24/1873 x-none 2 issues only x-none 11288653 x-none Florida news (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1873)x-none The Florida news.x-none 5/4/1873x-none 1 issue x-none 31740944 x-none Jacksonville tri-weekly union.x-none 6/8/1869x-none 1 issue x-none 17289342 x-none East Floridian (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none East Floridian.x-none 1868 x-none 33227468 x-none Florida union (Jacksonville, Fla. : Semiweekly)x-none The Florida union.x-none 1868x-none 4th quarter x-none 32829196 x-none The Mercury & Floridianx-none 1869x-none Scattered issues x-none 10573448 x-none The Jacksonville Mercury. x-none 11/16/1867, 1/18/1868 x-none 2 issues only x-none 18336110 x-none Florida times (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The Florida times.x-none 1865-1866x-none Scattered issues x-none 34883790 x-none Recherche (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none La recherche.x-none 12/31/1865x-none 1 issue x-none 2707184 x-none Florida union (Jacksonville, Fla. : Weekly)x-none Florida union.x-none 1865, 1867-1868 x-none 8799661 x-none Peninsula (Fernandina, Fla.)x-none The peninsula.x-none 1863-1864x-none Scattered issues x-none 10573580 x-none Southern rights.x-none 10/4/1862x-none 1 issue x-none 31509050 x-none Jacksonville herald (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none Jacksonville herald.x-none 1865x-none 4 issues x-none 32935372 x-none Southern Confederacy (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The Southern Confederacy.x-none 1861x-none 2 issues only x-none 2683891 x-none The Jacksonville standard.x-none 1859x-none Scattered issues

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 B C D E F x-none 33129156 x-none The Weekly Florida Republicanx-none 3/24/1858 x-none 2707282 x-none Florida Republican (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1848)x-none The Florida Republican.x-none 1849-1857 x-none 32835756 x-none Tropical plant.x-none 11/20/1844x-none 1 issue x-none 8804985 x-none The East Florida advocate.x-none 1839-1840x-none Scattered issues x-none 2265067x-none News (Saint Augustine, Fla.)x-none The news.x-none 1838-1851x-none gaps x-none 9263722x-none Jacksonville courier (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none Jacksonville courier.x-none 1835-1836x-none gaps x-none 36702464 x-none Florida Republican (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1890)x-none The Florida Republican.x-none 1890, 1892x-none 3 issues x-none 32633998 x-none People's journal (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The people's journalx-none 1891x-none Scattered issues x-none 1670652x-none The Weekly Florida union.x-none 1877 x-none 33135348 x-none Florida advertiser.x-none 10/1/1878x-none 1 issue x-none 10573659x-none St. John's mirror.x-none 1861x-none 2 issues only x-none 2707091x-none The Daily Florida union.x-none 1876-1877 x-none 2683874x-none Tri-weekly union (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The tri-weekly union.x-none 1874 x-none 13002039 x-none Trench and camp (Camp Johnston, Jacksonville, Fla.) x-none Trench and camp.x-none 1918-1919 x-none 33424599x-none Champion (Bowling Green, Fla.)x-none The championx-none 1906, 1908x-none in NDNP x-none 33424601x-none The Arcadia enterprise.x-none 1923 x-none 33402680x-none Arcadia daily news.x-none 1914, 1915-1916 x-none 33424600 x-none Enterprise (Arcadia, Fla.)x-none The enterprise. x-none 1912-1914, 19181920 x-none 32915582 x-none The De Soto County news. x-none 1905-1906, 19151916, 1919-1923 x-none 1905-1916 in NDNP, UFDC x-none 34299192 x-none Miami news-metropolis.x-none 1923x-none more x-none 18353962 x-none Miami daily metropolis.x-none 1911-1923x-none slight gaps

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 B C D E F x-none 2733685 x-none Miami herald (Miami, Fla. : 1910)x-none The Miami herald.x-none 1911-1923 x-none 34299191 x-none The Daily metropolis.x-none 1909-1911 x-none 34299189 x-none The Weekly Miami metropolis. x-none 1908-1909, 19111912, 1916, 1920 x-none 13002167 x-none Miami metropolis (Miami, Fla. : Daily)x-none The Miami metropolis.x-none 1907-1909 x-none 34299190 x-none The Daily Miami metropolis.x-none 1904-1907 x-none 31626392 x-none Miami metropolis (Miami, Fla. : Weekly)x-none The Miami metropolis.x-none 1896-1908 x-none 34296444 x-none The Homestead leader.x-none 1923 x-none 33835050 x-none Homestead enterprise.x-none 1914-1923x-none more x-none 33835049 x-none South Florida banner.x-none 1912-1914 x-none 33166865 x-none The Alachua postx-none 1/11/1907x-none Supplement x-none 33283558x-none Lake City reporter (Lake City, Fla. : 1919)x-none Lake City reporter.x-none 1921-1923x-none more x-none 33313373 x-none Free press (Jacksonville, Fla.)x-none The free press.x-none 1916-1917x-none Scattered issues x-none 33283557 x-none The Citizen=reporter.x-none 1901-1914 x-none also scattered 1915-1916 x-none 33963866x-none Florida index (Lake City, Fla.)x-none The Florida index.x-none 1899-1909 x-none 34883372 x-none The Institute echoes.x-none 1889, 1890x-none gaps x-none 33283552 x-none Weekly reporter (Lake City, Fla.)x-none Weekly reporterx-none 1875x-none gaps x-none 32835805 x-none The Suwannee news.x-none 10/2/1867x-none 1 issue

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 B C D E F x-none 10593514 x-none Columbian (Lake City, Fla.)x-none The Columbian.x-none 1863, 1865x-none 2 issues only x-none 33402632 x-none The Lake City press.x-none 12/17/1870x-none 1 issue x-none 33283554 x-none Lake City reporter (Lake City, Fla. : 1885)x-none The Lake City reporter.x-none 1800sx-none Scattered issues x-none 32807325 x-none Columbia County citizen and Florida tobacco plant x-none 1897, 1899x-none Scattered issues x-none 18661216 x-none Columbia Democrat (Alligator, Columbia County, Fla.) x-none The Columbia Democrat.x-none 1858x-none Scattered issues x-none 26785605 x-none Clay County times (Green Cove Springs, Fla.)x-none The Clay County times.x-none 1918-1920x-none gaps x-none 32787047 x-none The Green Cove spring.x-none 1890sx-none Scattered issues x-none 32787046 x-none Spring (Green Cove Springs, Fla.)x-none The spring.x-none 1880sx-none Scattered issues x-none 44441640 x-none The Citrus County starx-none 1888-1889x-none Scattered issues x-none 32686379 x-none The Phosphate field.x-none 9/11/1891x-none 1 issue x-none 44440727 x-none Crystal River news x-none 1905, 1911-1912, 1914-1916 x-none gaps x-none 33600607 x-none The Punta Gorda herald. x-none 1902-1904, 1908, 1913, 1915, 1918, 1922, x-none 32847486 x-none Calhoun news (Wewahitchka, Fla.)x-none The Calhoun news.x-none 1893-1894, 1898x-none 3 issues x-none 33136080 x-none Fort Lauderdale sentinel.x-none 1913-1923 x-none 34175704 x-none Star advocate. x-none 1920-1921, 19221923 x-none 34175703 x-none East Coast advocate and Indian River chronicle. x-none 1900-1920

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 B C D E F x-none 34175702 x-none Indian River advocate and East Coast chronicle. x-none 1896-1900 x-none 31876449x-none Indian River advocate.x-none 1891-1892 x-none 34175701x-none East Coast advocate.x-none 1890-1891 x-none 34175599 x-none Florida star (Titusville, Fla.)x-none The Florida star x-none 1880-1882, 18841887, 1889-1893, 1895, 1897-1898, 1900-1902, 19051914 x-none 33286112 x-none Melbourne times (Melbourne, Fla.)x-none The Melbourne timesx-none 1923x-none 3 mos. x-none 33963798 x-none Indian River star (Cocoa, Fla.)x-none Indian River star.x-none 11/29/1918x-none 1 issue x-none 34199458 x-none The Cocoa tribune.x-none 1917-1923 x-none 32933995 x-none Public spirit (Cocoa, Fla.)x-none The public spirit.x-none 2/11/1888x-none 1 issue x-none 33896901x-none The Florida weekly advocate.x-none 1898-1900 x-none 33886096 x-none Bradford County telegraph x-none 1881-1907, 1910, 1912, 1914, 19161923 x-none gaps x-none 33901150x-none The Starke telegraph.x-none 1887-1888 x-none 33901149x-none Florida telegraph (Starke, Fla. : 1887)x-none The Florida telegraph.x-none 1/8/1887x-none 1 issue x-none 33896832x-none East Florida courier.x-none 1888x-none 3 issues x-none 33901148 x-none Florida telegraph (Starke, Fla. : 1879)x-none The Florida telegraph.x-none 12/27/1879x-none 1 issue x-none 1670604x-none The Weekly Florida telegraph.x-none 1883, 1885-1886x-none 4 issues x-none 1670624 x-none The Weekly Florida times.x-none 4/17/1886x-none 1 issue x-none 34303823x-none St. Andrews Bay news.x-none 1917-1920, 1923x-none gaps x-none 33473070x-none Bay County beacon-tribune.x-none 1918, 1920-1923x-none gaps x-none 18434937x-none Panama City pilot.x-none 1907-1912

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 B C D E F x-none 13002154 x-none Lynn Haven tribune.x-none 1918x-none 6 issues x-none 33284407 x-none Baker County press (Macclenny, Fla. : 1895)x-none The Baker County press.x-none 1895, 1899x-none 3 issues x-none 32851957 x-none Baker County star.x-none 4/3/1885. 4/9/1886x-none 2 issues only x-none 32933400 x-none Baker County sentinel.x-none 4/9/1887x-none 1 issue x-none 32807248 x-none The Macclenny sentinel. x-none 1889-1901, 1903 1904 x-none 6 isssues x-none 33135948 x-none Florida dispatch (Newnansville, Fla.)x-none The Florida dispatch.x-none 1860x-none 2 issues only x-none 32634053 x-none The Newberry minerx-none 1896x-none 3 issues x-none 32788820 x-none The Tuskawilla news.x-none 1891x-none Scattered issues x-none 33062732 x-none The Micanopy gazette.x-none 7/23/1885x-none 1 issue x-none 1636829 x-none Wallack's Melrose daylight.x-none 3/27/1886x-none 1 issue x-none 33136131x-none The High Springs newsx-none 1897-1898 x-none 1410246x-none The Florida alligator.x-none 1917-1923 x-none 1390155 x-none University news (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The university news.x-none 1906-1907 x-none 32990097 x-none The Florida bulletin.x-none 8/12/1904x-none 1 issue x-none 1446361x-none The Gainesville star.x-none 1903-1904 x-none 32915832 x-none Gainesville daily news (Gainesville, Fla. : 1902)x-none Gainesville daily news.x-none 6/24/1902x-none 1 issue x-none 32994415 x-none Gainesville daily sun (Gainesville, Fla. : 1903)x-none Gainesville daily sun. x-none 1903-1905, 1911, 1913, 1917, 1930 x-none gaps x-none 32993937 x-none Gainesville sun (Gainesville, Fla. : 1903)x-none The Gainesville sun.x-none 1906, 1908x-none 5 issues

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 B C D E F x-none 32848973 x-none The Gainesville elevator.x-none 1906-1911x-none Scattered issues x-none 28372330 x-none The Gainesville journal.x-none 5/8/1992x-none 1 issue x-none 34969620 x-none Alachua County news.x-none 1924x-none Special issues x-none 32990322 x-none Daily Democrat (Gainesville, Fla. : 1896)x-none The daily Democrat.x-none 1896x-none 4 issues x-none 32992095 x-none Daily evening ledger (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The daily evening ledger.x-none 1895x-none 2 issues only x-none 32992092 x-none Evening ledger (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The evening ledger.x-none 1895x-none 2 issues only x-none 32992094 x-none Ledger (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The ledger.x-none 1895x-none 2 issues only x-none 32992091 x-none Weekly ledger (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The weekly ledger.x-none 8/31/1895x-none 1 issue x-none 1556746 x-none Daily Florida Democrat.x-none 1895x-none 2 issues only x-none 1557214 x-none Daily leader (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The daily leader.x-none 1892x-none gaps x-none 33129290 x-none Daily gazette (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The daily gazette.x-none 1891-1892x-none gaps x-none 32994414 x-none Daily sun (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The daily sun.x-none 1890-1902x-none gaps x-none 32990321 x-none Florida Democrat (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The Florida Democrat.x-none 1896x-none 2 issues only x-none 32993933 x-none Twice-a-week sun (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The twice-a-week sun.x-none 1899-1900x-none 2 issues only x-none 1671102 x-none Weekly sun (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The weekly sun.x-none 1890-1897x-none Gaps x-none 32993924 x-none The Gainesville weekly sun.x-none 8/17/1889x-none 1 issue

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 B C D E F x-none 1556717 x-none Daily Democrat (Gainesville, Fla. : 1888)x-none The daily Democrat.x-none 8/30/1888x-none 1 issue x-none 34884162 x-none Military musings.x-none 12/1886 x-none 1556486 x-none Daily advocate (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The daily advocate.x-none 1884, 1887, 1888x-none 3 issues x-none 32993618 x-none Daily bee (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The daily bee.x-none 6/21/1883x-none 1 issue x-none 32993293 x-none The Gainesville weekly sun and bee.x-none 3/1881 x-none 1557249 x-none Daily morning record (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none Daily morning record.x-none 1888x-none 4 issues x-none 1446335 x-none Gainesville news (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The Gainesville news.x-none 1885 x-none incomplete issues x-none 32993294 x-none Weekly bee (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The weekly beex-none 1882-1884 x-none 32994110 x-none Gainesville evening news.x-none 2/10/1885x-none 1 issue x-none 32993923 x-none Florida weekly record.x-none 8/16/1888x-none 1 issue x-none 32993617 x-none The Alachua advocate.x-none 1887, 1888x-none 2 issues only x-none 32993292 x-none Gainesville sun (Gainesville, Fla. : 1879)x-none The Gainesville sun.x-none 1879 x-none 1446396 x-none Gainesville times (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The Gainesville times.x-none 1876-1879 x-none 32792958 x-none The Alachua citizenx-none 1875-1876x-none 6 issues x-none 11288598 x-none The Florida independent.x-none 1870, 1873x-none 2 issues only x-none 11288614x-none New era (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The new era.x-none 1865-1866 x-none 12368921 x-none The Cotton states.x-none 1861-1865x-none Scattered issues

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List of Microfilm Titles at UF Appendix B 655 656 B C D E F x-none 32990065 x-none Florida news (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The Florida news.x-none 1878x-none 3 issues x-none 1446035 x-none Gainesville advocate (Gainesville, Fla.)x-none The Gainesville advocate.x-none 1890x-none 2 issues only

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es-ES University of Puerto Rico es-ES Ro Piedras Campus es-ES Library System es-ES Coleccin Puertorriquea es-ES es-ES Newspapers on Microfilm: 1838 to 1922 es-ES es-ES 25 de Julio El (Ponce) 1901 25 de julio es-ES Abanico El (San Germn) 1903 mayo 31 es-ES ABC Universitario (Ro Piedras) 1930 abril es-ES Abeja, La (Humacao) 1879 septiembre 28 es-ES Abeja, La (Humacao) 1879/1880 octubre 12, julio 18, agosto 15 es-ES Abeja, La (Humacao) 1880 mayo 9, 23; agosto 15, 22; septiembre 5 es-ES Adelphia, La 1883-1884 junio junio es-ES Agente de Negocios, El (San Juan) 1875,1876 noviembre-diciembre; marzo-diciembre es-ES Agente, El 1880 enero-diciembre es-ES Agente, El 1880 14 agosto es-ES Agente, El 1882 9 febrero, 1 abril, 23 mayo es-ES Agente, El 1883 enero es-ES Agente, El 1886 1 mayo es-ES Agente, El 1887 1 marzo es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1902 enero 8 ju nio 28 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1902 julio diciembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1903 enero-junio es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1903 julio-diciembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1905 abril 17 junio es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1905 septiembre 1 diciembre 31 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1906 enero 1 abril 30 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1906 mayo 1 agosto 31 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1906 septiembre 1 diciembre 31 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1907 enero 1 junio 30 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1907 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1908 enero 1 junio 30 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1908 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1909 abril junio es-ES gui la de Puerto Rico, El 1909 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1910 enero 1 marzo

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es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1910 abril 1 junio 30 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1910 julio 1 se ptiembre 30 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1910 octubre diciembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1911 enero 1 ma rzo 31 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1911 abril 1 ju nio 30 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1911 julio 1 septiembre 30 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1911 octubre 1 diciembre 31 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1912 enero 1 ma rzo 31 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1912 abril 1 ju nio 30 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1912 julio 1 se ptiembre 30 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1912 octubre 1 diciembre 31 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1913 enero 1 febrero 28 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1913 abril junio es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1913 julio septiembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1913 octubre diciembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1914 enero 2 ma rzo 31 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1914 abril junio es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1914 julio septiembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1914 octubre diciembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1916 enero marzo es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1916 abril mayo es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1917 abril junio es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1917 julio septiembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1917 octubre noviembre 8 es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1918 enero marzo es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1918 abril junio es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1918 julio septiembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1918 octubre diciembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1919 abril junio es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1919 julio septiembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1919 octubre diciembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1920 enero marzo es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1920 abril junio es-ES gui la de Puerto Rico, El 1920 julio septiembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1920 octubre diciembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1921 abril junio es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1921 julio septiembre

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es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1921 octubre diciembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1922 enero marzo es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1922 julio septiembre es-ES guila de Puerto Rico, El 1922 octubre diciembre es-ES Amigo del Pueblo, El (Ponce) 1912 mayo 30 es-ES Anunciador, El (Ponce) 1867 junio 14, julio 12 es-ES Araa, La (SJ) 1902 febrero 2, 16, 23 y marzo 2, 9 es-ES Araa, La (SJ) 1902 febrero 9 es-ES Artesano, El (Ponce) 1874 enero 11, 25 es-ES Asimilista, El (SJ) 1882 junio octubre es-ES Asimilista, El (SJ) 1883 marzo, junio, octubre es-ES Asimilista, El (SJ) 1884 enero, febrero, septiembre es-ES Asimilista, El (SJ) 1884 diciembre es-ES Autonomista, El 1895 mayo septiembre es-ES Avisador, El (Ponce) 1874 septiembre 24 es-ES Avisador, El (Ponce) 1874, 1875 mayo diciembre enero abril 9 es-ES Avisador, El (Ponce) 1874-1875 mayo 21 abril 15 es-ES Balanza, La (SJ) 1888 abril 8 es-ES Balanza, La (SJ) 1892 junio 9 es-ES Balanza, La (SJ) 1893 enero 20 agos to 25 es-ES Balanza, La (SJ) 1894 enero 3 junio 27 es-ES Balanza, La (SJ) 1897 abril 8 y 13 es-ES Bandera Americana, La (Mayagez) 1904 octubre 18, 19 es-ES Bandera Americana, La (Mayagez) 1905 agosto 10, septiembre 12, 13, 14 es-ES Bandera Americana, La (Mayagez) 1906 enero 15 a marzo 14 es-ES Bandera Americana, La (Mayagez) 1907 enero 22, 23, 24 es-ES Bandera Americana, La (Mayagez) 1909 octubre 7, 15, 19 es-ES Bandera Americana, La (Mayagez) 1912 enero 18, abril 15, julio 12 es-ES Bandera Americana, La (Mayagez) 1913 mayo 31 es-ES Bandera Americana, La (Mayagez) 1914 noviembre 9 es-ES Bandera Americana, La (Mayagez) 1915 junio 19 es-ES Bandera Americana, La (Mayagez) 1916 junio 12 es-ES Bandera Americana, La (Mayagez) 1917 julio 7 es-ES Bandera Americana, La (Mayagez) 1918 junio 18 es-ES Bandera Americana, La (Mayagez) 1919 enero 7, julio 19 es-ES Bandera Espaola, La (SJ) 1891-1898 septiembre 13 mayo 7 es-ES Boletn de la Revolucin (NY) 1869 enero 6 ab ril 7

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es-ES Boletn Eclesistico de la Dicesis de Puerto 1859-1860 Manuscritos es-ES Boletn Eclesistico de la Dicesis de Puerto 1861-1864 es-ES Boletn Eclesistico de la Dicesis de Puerto 1865-1869 es-ES Boletn Eclesistico de la Dicesis de Puerto 1871 es-ES Boletn Eclesistico de la Dicesis de Puerto 1872-1875 Manuscritos es-ES Boletn Eclesistico de la Dicesis de Puerto 1876-1883 es-ES Boletn Eclesistico de la Dicesis de Puerto 1884-1888 es-ES Boletn Eclesistico de la Dicesis de Puerto 1889 1896 es-ES Boletn Eclesistico de la Dicesis de Puerto 1897 1899 es-ES Boletn Eclesistico de la Dicesis de Puerto 1915 1919 es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1857 mayo 16, agosto 1 y 5 (rollo unido) 5 es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1864 marzo 28 y abril 27 (rollo unido) 5 es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1871 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1872 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1873 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1874 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1875 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1876 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1877 enero 3 diciembre 3 0 es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1878 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1879 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1880 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1881 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1881, 1882 noviembre 2, diciembre 2, enero 1 es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1882 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1883 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1884 enero noviembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1884 julio diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1885 enero di ciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1886 enero junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1887 enero junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1887 julio diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1888 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1889 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1890 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1891 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1892 enero diciembre

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es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1893 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1894 enero marzo es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1894 abril junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1894 julio diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1895 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1896 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1897 enero diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1898 enero julio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1899 enero junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1899 agost o diciembre 23 (rollo unido) es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1900 enero 11 junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1900 julio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1900 agosto diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1901 enero junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1901 julio agosto (rollo unido) es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1901 octubre diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1902 enero febrero 17 (rollo unido) es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1902 febrero 17 28 es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1902 marzo junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1902 septiembre octubre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1902 noviembre diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1903 enero marzo es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1903 abril junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1903 julio 1 septiembre 30 es-ES Boletn Mercant il (SJ) 1903 octubre diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1904 enero marzo es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1904 abril junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1904 julio diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1905 enero junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1905 julio diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1906 enero marzo es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1906 abril junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1906 julio septiembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1906 octubre diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1907 enero marzo es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1907 abril junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1907 julio septiembre

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es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1907 octubre diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1908 enero marzo es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1908 abril juni o es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1908 julio septiembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1908 octubre diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1909 enero junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1909 julio agosto es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1909 septiembre diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1910 enero abril es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1910 septiembre diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1911 enero marzo es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1911 abril junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1911 julio septiembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1911 octubre diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1912 enero marzo es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1912 abril junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1912 julio septiembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1912 octubre diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1913 enero marzo es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1913 abril junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1913 julio septiembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1913 octubre diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1914 enero marzo es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1914 abril junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1914 julio septiembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1914 octubre diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1915 enero febrero es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1915 marzo abril es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1915 mayo junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1915 julio agosto es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1915 septiembre octubre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1915 noviembre diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1916 enero febrero es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1916 marzo abril es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1916 mayo junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1916 juli o agosto es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1916 septiembre diciembre

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es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1917 enero marzo es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1917 abril junio es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1917 julio septiembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1917 octubre diciembre es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1918 enero mayo es-ES Boletn Mercantil (SJ) 1918 agosto septiembre es-ES Bomba, La (Ponce) 1895 feb. 7,12/ mar. 2, 13, 17, 24, 28,31/ abr. 4, 7, 14,21 es-ES Bomba, La (Ponce) 1898 septiembre 24, 27, 29; octubre 1, 4, 9, 11 es-ES Bombero, El (Ponce) 1885 febrero 1 es-ES Brisas del Caribe (Gunic a) 1915 noviembre 28 es-ES Brisas del Caribe (Gunica) 1918 noviembre 2 es-ES Brisas del Caribe (Gunica) 1919 marzo 15 es-ES Brisas del Caribe (Gunica) 1921 marzo 26 es-ES Bruja, La (Mayagez) 1898 enero noviembre 8 es-ES Bruja, La (Mayagez) 1898 febrero 13, marzo 6, 13, abril 3, 17, mayo 1 es-ES Bruja, La (Mayagez) 1899 marzo 4, 7 es-ES Bruja, La (Mayagez) 1900 abril 21 es-ES Bruja, La (Mayagez) 1901 julio 10 es-ES Bruja, La (Mayagez) 1902 enero 27 y noviembre 21 es-ES Bruja, La (Mayagez) 1916 septiembre 20 y noviembre 20 es-ES Buen Sentido, El (Ponce) 1908 enero 11 diciembre 26 es-ES Buscapi, El 1877-1879 abril diciembre es-ES Buscapi, El 1881 / 1882 febrero 6 diciembre 25 / enero 1 dic. 3 es-ES Buscapi, El 1882-1885 diciembre noviembre es-ES Buscapi, El 1885-1888 noviembre 15 octubre 8 es-ES Buscapi, El 1888-1892 nmeros sueltos CPR Peridico S 12 es-ES Buscapi, El 1892-1893 enero diciembre es-ES Buscapi, El 1894 enero diciembre es-ES Buscapi, El 1894 / 1895 julio 10 diciembre 1/ febrero 12 julio 30 es-ES Buscapi, El 1895 / 1896 julio 29 dic. 31 / ene. 1 junio 19 es-ES Buscapi, El 1917-1918 octubre agosto es-ES Buscapi, El 1918-1919 septiembre 22 dic. 25 / ene. 4 junio 15 es-ES Cablegrama, El (Mayagez) 1898 mayo 6 es-ES Campaa Obrera (SJ) 1906 septiembre 30 es-ES Campaa, La (Pars, Francia) 1898 mayo 14 es-ES Canta Claro (Ponce) 1899 febrero 15 es-ES Cautivo, El (Ponce) 1895 abril 25

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es-ES Cautivo, El (Ponce) 1895 abril 23 junio es-ES Centinela Espaol, El (Mayagez) 1872 noviembre 4 es-ES Centinela Espaol, El (Mayagez) 1872 1873 noviembre 4 y septiembre 29 es-ES Centinela, El (SJ) 1909 noviembre 28, diciembre 15 es-ES Civilizacin, La (Ponce) 1878 febrero 17 es-ES Clamor del Pas, El 1883-1884/18 nov. 13 jul. 29 / jun. ago. es-ES Clamor del Pas, El 1888 enero diciembre es-ES Clamor del Pas, El 1889 enero diciembre es-ES Clamor del Pas, El 1892 enero diciembre es-ES Combate, El (Arecibo) 1910 diciembre 2 20 es-ES Combate, El (Ponce) 1899 mayo 23 octubre 5 es-ES Comercio, El (Caguas) 1980 mayo 29 julio 24 es-ES Comercio, El (SJ) 1879 octubre 21 es-ES Comunista, El 1920, 1921 mayo diciembre, febrero 19 es-ES Conciencia Libre, La (Ponce) 1909 septiembre 19 diciembre 26 es-ES Conciencia Libre, La (Ponce) 1910 enero 2 diciembre 25 es-ES Conciencia Libre, La (Ponce) 1910 enero 2 septiembre 11 es-ES Conciencia Libre, La (Ponce) 1911 enero 1 diciembre 17 es-ES Conciencia Libre, La (Ponce) 1912 enero 1 21 es-ES Conciencia Libre, La (Ponce) 1916 marzo 5, noviembre 26 es-ES Conciencia Libre, La (Ponce) 1918 enero 1 es-ES Conciencia Libre, La (Ponce) 1918 enero 20 diciembre 22 es-ES Conciencia Libre, La (Ponce) 1919 febrero 23 diciembre 14 es-ES Conciencia Libre, La (Ponce) 1921 enero 9 es-ES Conciencia Popular 1919 marzo 15, abril 5 es-ES Correo de Puerto Rico (Ponce) 1898 octubre diciembre es-ES Correo de Puerto Rico (Ponce) 1899 enero, marzo, abril es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ ) 1890-1891 diciembre abril es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1891 mayo agosto es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1891 septiembre diciembre es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1892 enero abril es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1892 mayo agosto es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1892 septiembre diciembre es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1893 enero junio es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1893 julio -agosto es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1893 septiembre diciembre es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1894 enero abril

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es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1894 mayo agosto es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1894 septiembre diciembre es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1895 enero abril es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1895 mayo agosto es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1895 septiembre diciembre es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1896 enero abril es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1897 enero abril es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1897 mayo agosto es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1897 septiembre diciembre es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1897 noviembre 30 56 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1898 ene. 4-may. 5, jun. 27-jul. 27, sept. 15-dic. 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1898 may. 6-jun. 26, jul. 28-31, ago.-sept. 14 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1899 junio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1900 enero 1 junio 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1900 julio 1 diciembre 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1901 enero 1 junio 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1901 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1902 enero 1 junio 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1902 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1903 enero 1 junio 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1903 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1904 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1905 enero 1 junio 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1905 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1906 enero 1 junio 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1906 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1907 enero 1 junio 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1907 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1908 enero 1 junio 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1908 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1909 enero 1 junio 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1909 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1910 enero 1 abril 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1910 mayo 1 agosto 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1910 septiembre 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1911 enero 1 abril 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1911 mayo 1 agosto 31

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es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1911 septiembre 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1912 enero 1 abril 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1912 mayo 1 agosto 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1912 septiembre 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1913 enero 2 abril 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1913 mayo 1 agosto 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1913 septiembre 2 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1914 enero 1 abril 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1914 mayo 1 agosto 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1914 septiembre 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1915 enero 1 abril 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1915 mayo 1 agosto 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1915 septiembre 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1916 enero 3 abril 29 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1916 mayo 1 agosto 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1916 septiembre 1 diciembre 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1917 enero 2 abril 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1917 mayo 1 agosto 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1917 septiembre 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1918 enero 2 abril 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1918 mayo 1 agosto 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1918 septiembre 3 noviembre 11 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1919 enero 2 abril 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1919 mayo 1 agosto 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1919 septiembre 2 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1920 enero 2 abril 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1920 mayo 1 agosto 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1920 septiembre 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1921 enero 3 abril 30 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1921 mayo 2 agosto 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1921 septiembre 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1922 enero 3 abril 29 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1922 mayo 1 agosto 31 es-ES Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, La (SJ) 1922 septiembre 5 diciembre 30 es-ES Criterio Libre (SJ) 1900 enero 24 mayo 7 es-ES Criterio, El (Humacao) 1887 julio 16 es-ES Daga, La (SJ) 1910 agosto 23 y septiembre 8

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es-ES Deber, El (San Germn) 1884 mayo 4 diciembre 28 es-ES Deber, El (San Germn) 1885 enero 4 diciembre 27 es-ES Deber, El (San Germn) 1886 enero 3 31 es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1891-1892 julio julio es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1892 enero 5 diciembre 19 es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1893 enero agosto es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1893 agosto diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1894 enero marzo, mayo junio, abril 316 es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1894 julio octubre es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1894 octubre 19 diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1895 enero junio es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1895 abril 17 octubre 15 es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1895 junio, octubre diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1896 enero marzo es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1896 abril agosto es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1896 septiembre diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1897 enero mayo es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1897 mayo noviembre es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1897 octubre 28 56 es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1898 enero 4 junio 11, diciembre 5 17 es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1898 1899 noviembre 2 diciembre 31, enero 9 mayo 16 es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1899 enero 10 abril 6 es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1899 abril junio es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1899 agosto 15 diciembre 31 es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1900 enero mayo es-ES Democracia, La (Ponce) 1900 junio diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (Caguas) 1901 enero marzo, julio agosto es-ES Democracia, La (Caguas) 1901 agosto diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (Caguas) 1902 enero abril es-ES Democracia, La (Caguas) 1902 abril agosto es-ES Democracia, La (Caguas) 1902 agosto octubre es-ES Democracia, La (Caguas) 1902 octubre diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (Caguas) 1903 enero mayo es-ES Democracia, La (Caguas) 1903 mayo junio es-ES Democracia, La (Caguas) 1903 junio octubre es-ES Democracia, La (Caguas) 1904 enero febrero es-ES Democracia, La (Caguas) 1904 marzo julio

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es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1904 julio septiembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1904 septiembre diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1904, 1905 diciembre 7 31, ene. 3 mar. 6 es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1905 enero junio es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1905 julio diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1906 enero junio es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1906 julio diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1907 enero junio es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1907 julio diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1908 enero junio es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1908 julio diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1909 enero junio es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1909 julio diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1910 enero junio es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1910 julio diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1911 enero 3 abril 29 es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1911 mayo agosto es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1911 septiembre diciembre 30 es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1912 enero 2 junio 29 es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1912 julio diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1913 enero 2 junio es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1913 julio diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1914 enero junio es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1915 enero abr il 27 es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1915 mayo agosto es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1915 septiembre diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1916 enero 3 abril 29 es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1916 mayo agosto es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1916 septiembre diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1917 enero 2 junio es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1917 julio 2 diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1918 enero 2 junio 29 es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1918 julio diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1919 enero 2 abril 30 es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1919 mayo agosto es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1919 septiembre diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1920 enero 2 junio

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es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1920 julio diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1921 enero 3 junio es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1921 julio diciembre es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1922 enero 3 junio es-ES Democracia, La (SJ) 1922 julio diciembre es-ES Demcrata, El (Cayey) 1900 septiembre 18 es-ES Derecho, El (Ponce) 1873 abril 27 agosto 2 es-ES Derecho, El (Ponce) 1873 junio 22, agosto 7 octubre 22 es-ES Da de Gloria (SJ) 1898 febrero 11, marzo 15 0 es-ES Da, El (Ponce) 1918, 1919 marzo diciembre, marzo abril 6 es-ES Diario de Ponce (Ponce) 1902 mayo 14 y octubre 17 es-ES Diario de Puerto Rico (SJ) (avisos y noticias) 1896 octubre 22, diciembre 2 es-ES Diario de Puerto Rico, El (SJ) (Popular de la T) 1893 julio septiembre es-ES Diario de Puerto Rico, El (SJ) (Popular de la T) 1893 octubre diciembre es-ES Diario de Puerto Rico, El (SJ) (Popular de la T) 1894 enero marzo es-ES Diario de Puerto Rico, El (SJ) (Popular de la T) 1894 abril junio 15 es-ES Diario del Oeste (Mayagez) 1912 junio 15 es-ES Di ario del Oeste (Mayagez) 1913 enero 4, 8, 9 es-ES Diario del Oeste (Mayagez) 1931 agosto 3, 4, 7; sept. 19, oct. 31, nov 17 es-ES Diario del Oeste (Mayagez) 1935 diciembre 3 es-ES Diario del Oeste (Mayagez) 1936 abril 4, 6, 11 es-ES Diario del Oeste (Mayagez) 1939 enero 28 es-ES Diario del Oeste (Mayagez) 1940 agosto 27 diciembre 19 es-ES Diario del Oeste (Mayagez) 1941 enero, abril, mayo, junio, diciembre es-ES Diario del Oeste (Mayagez) 1942 enero, marzo, abril, mayo, junio es-ES Diario del Oeste (Mayagez) 1942 junio 22 diciembre 31 es-ES Diario del Oeste (Mayagez) 1943 enero 8 julio 17 es-ES Diario Popular, El (Mayagez) 1896 mayo 18 es-ES Diario, El (SJ) (Mercantil) 1879 abril 4 es-ES Diluvio, El (SJ) 1915 noviembre diciembre es-ES Diluvio, El (SJ) 1916 enero diciembre es-ES Diluvio, El (SJ) 1917 enero diciembre 22 es-ES Diluvio, El (SJ) 1918 enero diciembre es-ES Diluvio, El (SJ) 1919 enero nov iembre es-ES Domingo Alegre, El (Ponce) 1898 abril 24 y marzo 20 es-ES Domingo del Mercurio, El 1859 marzo 20 abril 2 4 es-ES Domingo, El (SJ) (Democrtico Progresista) 1884 octubre 12 noviembre 29

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es-ES Domingo, El (SJ) (Popular) 1883 julio 29 septiembre 23 es-ES Don Cndido (SJ) 1872, 74, 80 diciembre 15 / junio 28 / enero 23 2 es-ES Don Cndido (SJ) 1873, 1879 julio 13, septiembre 14 2 es-ES Don Domingo (SJ) 1883 octubre 21 y noviembre 18 es-ES Don Quijote (Humacao) 1881, 1882 diciembre 25, marzo 26 es-ES Don Severo Canta Claro (Ponce) 1873 abril julio 8 es-ES Don Simplicio (SJ) 1872 enero oc tubre es-ES Don Simplicio (SJ) 1873 enero 5 es-ES Duende, El (Arecibo) 1909 abril 11, 12 y noviembre 18 es-ES Duende, El (Arecibo) 1910 agosto 9 es-ES Duende, El (SJ) 1866 febrero diciembre es-ES Eco de Arecibo, El (Arecibo) 1890 julio 5 es-ES Eco de Cabo Rojo (Cabo Rojo) 1879 septiembre 27 es-ES Eco de las Lomas, El (San Germn) 1878 julio 6 y 13 es-ES Eco de las Lomas, El (San Germn) 1878 julio 13 es-ES Eco de las Lomas, El (San Germn) 1901 enero 30, mayo 9, junio 9 es-ES Eco de Ponce, El (Ponce) 1880 julio 19 es-ES Eco de Puerto Rico, El (Ponce) 1905 julio 7 agosto 10 es-ES Eco del Magisterio, El (SJ) 1899 noviembre 14, 21, 28 es-ES Eco del Torcedor, El 1908, 1909 noviembre 7, enero 9 es-ES Eco Proletario, El (SJ) 1892 febrero 14, marzo 6 es-ES Eco, El (Yauco) 1895 1896 noviembre diciembre; enero noviembre es-ES Ecos del Manglar (Catao) 1895 marzo 31 es-ES Ecos del Tanam (Arecibo) 1903 julio 2 es-ES Ensayo Obrero (SJ) 1897, 1898 sept. 30, dic. 19, ene. 30 es-ES Ensayo Obrero (SJ) 1898 febrero 6; marzo 6, 13, 20, 27; abril 10 es-ES poca, La (Mayagez) 1878 agosto 10 es-ES Estrella Federal, La (Mayagez) 1899 octubre 9 noviembre 15 es-ES Estrella Solitaria, La (Ponce) 1898 agosto 26 octubre 4, 6, 9 y 18 es-ES Estudio, El (Ponce) 1883 diciembre 16 es-ES Federacin Libre (SJ) 1902 febrero 9 y 23 es-ES Federacin Obrera, La 1899 enero, febrero 4 es-ES Fnix, El (Ponce) 1855 julio 21 diciembre es-ES Fnix, El (Ponce) 1855 1859 es-ES Fnix, El (Ponce) 1856 enero 26 diciembre 20 es-ES Fnix, El (Ponce) 1857 enero 3 diciembre 12 es-ES Fnix, El (Ponce) 1858 enero 9 diciembre 25

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es-ES Fnix, El (Ponce) 1859 enero 8 noviembre 25 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1838 enero di ciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1839 1840 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1841 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1842 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1843 1844 enero 3 diciembre 31 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1844 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1846 abril diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1847 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1848 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1849 junio diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1850 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1852 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1853 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1855 enero 2 diciembre 22 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1857 enero octubre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1859 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1860 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1861 enero octubre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1861 octubre 31 diciembre 31 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1862 1863 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1864 1865 mayo 28 diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1866 1867 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1868 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1869 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1870 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1871 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1872 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1873 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1873 1874 diciembre 25 diciembre 31 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1874 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1875 1876 diciembre 4 31 enero noviembre 9 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1876 1877 noviembre 11 dic, enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1877 1878 noviembre 11 diciembre 4 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1878 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1879 enero diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1880 enero junio

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es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1880 julio diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1881 enero junio es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1881 julio diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1881 1882 julio 30 febrero 28 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1881, 82, 87 oct. 29, dic. 1, 27; mar. 23; jul. 16 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1882 enero junio es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1882 marzo 2 septiembre 30 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1882 julio diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1882 1883 octubre 10 abril 12 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1883 enero junio es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1883 abril 14 octubre 25 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1883 julio diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1883 1884 octubre 27 mayo 17 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1884 enero junio es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1884 mayo 20 diciembre 4 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1884 julio diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1884 1885 diciembre 6 junio 23 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1885 junio 25 diciembre 26 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1885 1886 diciembre 29 julio 13 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1886 julio 15 diciembre 30 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1887 enero junio es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1887 julio diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1888 enero 10 julio 19 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1888 1889 julio 21 febrero 16 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1889 enero junio es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1889 julio diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1889 1890 septiembre 17 abril 13 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1890 abril 5 octubre 11 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1890 1891 octubre 14 abril 23 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1891 enero junio es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1891 1892 octubre diciembre, enero abril es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1891 1892 octubre 15 abril 2 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1892 abril 5 septiembre 3 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1892 1893 septiembre 6 febrero 16 es-ES Ga ceta de Puerto Rico, La 1893 febrero 18 mayo 13 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1893 mayo 16 noviembre 21 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1893 1894 noviembre 23 junio 2

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es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1894 enero junio es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1894 julio diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1894 1895 diciembre 20 julio 4 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1895 julio 6 diciembre 5 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1895 1896 diciembre 7 junio 4 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1896 junio 6 diciembre 3 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1896 1897 diciembre 5 marzo 31 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1897 abril agosto 9 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1897 agosto 10 diciembre 6 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1897 1898 diciembre 7 mayo 4 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1898 marzo 5 agosto 6 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1898 1899 agosto febrero es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1899 febrero 22 septiembre 8 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1899 1900 septiembre 9 abril 3 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1900 septiembre diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1900 enero abril es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1900 mayo agosto es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1900 abril 5 octubre 11 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1901 enero abril es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1901 mayo 1 agosto 31 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1901 septiembre diciembre es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1901 1902 octubre 9 diciembre, enero abril 3 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1902 enero abril es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La 1902 abril 5 septiembre 30 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La (Estadsticas Publicadas) 1880 1881 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La (Estadsticas Publicadas) 1882 1885 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La (Estadsticas Publicadas) 1890 1893 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La (Estadsticas Publicadas) 1894 1895 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La (Estadsticas Publicadas) 1896 1897 es-ES Gaceta de Puerto Rico, La (Estadsticas Publicadas) 1898 es-ES Globo, El (Madrid, Espaa) 1875 julio septiembre 20 es-ES Globo, El (Madrid, Espaa) 1875 octubre diciembre 20 es-ES Globo, El (Madrid, Espaa) 1898 julio 24 es-ES Guirnalda Puertorriquea 1856 1857 febrero 10 enero 30 es-ES Heraldo de Puerto Rico, El (SJ) 1898 marzo 2, mayo 10, 16 es-ES Heraldo del Trabajo (Ponce) 1878 enero no viembre es-ES Heraldo del Trabajo (Ponce) 1879 septiembre 24 y octubre 29

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es-ES Heraldo del Trabajo (Ponce) 1880 abril 7 es-ES Heraldo Espaol (SJ) 1900 enero 30, julio 31 y octubre 7 es-ES Heraldo Espaol (SJ) 1902 1905 jul. 30,nov. 24,26, dic. 13, 23, 24,26, ago. 29 es-ES Heraldo Espaol (SJ) 1907 agosto 8 es-ES Heraldo Espaol (SJ) 1908 septiembre 14 es-ES Heraldo Espaol (SJ) 1909 noviembre 5 es-ES Heraldo Espaol (SJ) 1912 julio 1 5 octubre, diciembre 23, 24 es-ES Heraldo Espaol (SJ) 1913 enero 4, mayo 2, septiembre 26 es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1899 agosto 15 diciembre 30 es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1900 enero diciembre es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1901 enero diciembre es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1902 enero diciembre es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1903 enero diciembre es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1904 enero diciembre es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1905 enero diciembre es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1906 enero diciembre es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1907 enero diciembre es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1908 enero diciembre es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1909 enero diciembre es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1910 enero -diciembre es-ES Ide al Catlico, El (Ponce) 1912 enero diciembre es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1913 enero -diciembre es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1914 enero diciembre 19 es-ES Ideal Catlico, El (Ponce) 1915 enero marzo 6 es-ES Imparcial, El (Mayagez) 1887 / 1895 agosto 28 / septiembre 26 es-ES Imparcial, El (SJ) 1919 mayo 1 31 es-ES Imparcial, El (SJ) 1920 enero marzo es-ES Imparcial, El (SJ) 1920 julio diciembre es-ES Imparcial, El (SJ) 1921 enero 3 junio 29 es-ES Imparcial, El (SJ) 1921 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Imparcial, El (SJ) 1922 marzo abri l es-ES Instruccin Pblica, La (SJ) 1881 marzo 1 diciembre 25 es-ES Instruccin Pblica, La (SJ) 1882 enero 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Instruccin Pblica, La (SJ) 1883 enero 9 diciembre 30 es-ES Instruccin Pblica, La (SJ) 1884 enero 6 diciembre 28 es-ES Integridad Nacional, La (Madrid) 1870-1871 marzo 9 mayo 6 es-ES Integridad Nacional, La (SJ) 1888 enero 4

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es-ES Integridad Nacional, La (SJ) 1891 marzo 19 es-ES Integridad Nacional, La (SJ) 1892 octubre 1 5 es-ES Integridad Nacional, La (SJ) 1893 noviembre 19 es-ES Integridad Nacional, La (SJ) 1894 abril 12 y 14 es-ES Integridad Nacional, La (SJ) 1895 octubre 11 70 es-ES Integridad Nacional, La (SJ) 1897 abril 1 y agosto 26 es-ES Juan Bobo (SJ) 1915 diciembre es-ES Juan Bobo (SJ) 191 5 1917 incompleto es-ES Juan Bobo (SJ) 1916 enero diciembre es-ES Juan Bobo (SJ) 1917 enero, mayo 19, junio 2 es-ES Justicia (SJ) 1914 1920 octubre 4 abril 19 es-ES Justicia, La (Guayama) 1894 marzo 13, 25 ao 1 nm. 1 y 2 es-ES Justicia, La (Ponce) 1901 mayo 3 es-ES Justicia, La (Ponce) 1901 agosto 28, 31 es-ES Ltigo, El (Aguadilla) 1896 agosto 13 es-ES Liberal, El (Mayagez) 1886 octubre 7, 8, 11 es-ES Liberal, El (Mayagez) 1887 septiembre 12 es-ES Liberal, El (SJ) 1898 enero julio 7 es-ES Liberal, El (SJ) 1898 enero diciembre 7 es-ES Liberal, El (SJ) 1899 enero 7 es-ES Libertad, La (Ponce) 1894 febrero 17 junio 2 es-ES Libertad, La (Ponce) 1894 marzo 13 diciembre 9 es-ES Libertad, La (Ponce) 1895 enero septiembre 3 es-ES Libertad, La (Ponce) 1897 enero 21 es-ES Malva, La (Mayagez) 1882 diciembre 10 es-ES Mercurio, El (SJ) 1858 febrero 29, marzo 20 y 27, abril 17 es-ES Mercurio, El (SJ) 1859 mayo 17, 25, agosto 4, diciembre 2 es-ES Miseria, La 1901 febrero mayo es-ES Momio, El (SJ) 1897 1898 agosto abril es-ES Movimiento Obrero Puertorriqueo 1898 1937 Hojas sueltas 5 es-ES Mujer, La (Humacao) 1896 junio 25 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1919 febrero 17 28 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1919 marzo es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1919 abril es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1919 mayo es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1919 junio es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1919 julio

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es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1919 agosto es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1919 septiembre es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1919 octubre es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1919 noviembre es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1919 diciembre es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1920 enero 2 31 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1920 febrero 2 28 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1920 marzo 1 31 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1920 abril 1 30 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1920 mayo 1 31 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1920 junio 1 30 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1920 julio 1 31 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1920 agosto 2 31 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1920 septiembre 130 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1920 octubre 1 30 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1920 noviembre 1 30 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1920 diciembre 1 31 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1921 enero es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1921 febrero es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1921 marzo es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1921 abril es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1921 mayo 2 31 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1921 junio es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1921 julio es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1921 agosto es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1921 septiembre es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1921 octubre 1 31 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1921 noviembre 1 30 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1921 diciembre 1 31 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1922 enero 3 31 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1922 febrero 1 28 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1922 marzo 1 30 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1922 abril 1 29 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1922 mayo 1 31 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1922 junio 1 30 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1922 julio 1 31 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1922 agosto 1 31

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es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1922 septiembre 1 30 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1922 octubre 2 31 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1922 noviembre 1 30 es-ES Mundo, El (SJ) 1922 diciembre 1 31 es-ES Nacin, La (Mayagez) 1880 marzo 28 septiembre 11 es-ES Nefito, El (Lares) 1893 abril 3 es-ES Noticiero, El (Ponce) 1892 octubre 12 es-ES Noticiero, El (Ponce) 1894 enero 10 es-ES Noticiero, El (Ponce) 1895 enero 28 es-ES Noticiero, El (Ponce) 1897 julio 16, diciembre 30 es-ES Nueva Bandera, La (Mayagez) 1898/1899 octubre 19/ enero 6 24 es-ES Obrero Libre 1902 octubre 19 5 es-ES Obrero Libre (Mayagez) 1903 junio 14, 28 es-ES Obrero, El (Ponce) 1889 noviembre 10 5 es-ES Observer, The (Ponce) 1911 octubre 21 es-ES Opinin, La (Mayagez) 1903 octubre 29, 27, 31 es-ES Pas, El (Ponce) (P oltico, Literario, Mercantil) 1866/67/75 sept.21, nov. 16/ feb.1/ feb. 21abr. 18 es-ES Pas, El (SJ) (Republicano) 1896 enero diciembre es-ES Pas, El (SJ) (Republicano) 1897 enero diciembre es-ES Pas, El (SJ) (Republicano) 1897-1899 agosto diciembre es-ES Pas, El (SJ) (Republicano) 1898 enero julio, octubre 5 15 es-ES Pas, El (SJ) (Republicano) 1899 junio 10 es-ES Pas, El (SJ) (Republicano) 1900 enero agosto es-ES Palenque de la Juventud, El (SJ) 1886, 1888 marzo 14, noviembre 21 es-ES Pan del Pobre, El (SJ) 1901 agosto 21 septiembre 7 es-ES Pequea Antilla, La (Ponce) 1897 julio 8 es-ES Pequeo Diario, El (Arecibo) 1895 marzo 23 es-ES Pequeo Diario, El (Arecibo) 1895 marzo 17 ma yo 23 es-ES Pequeo Diario, El (Arecibo) 1895 agosto 27 es-ES Peregrino, El (Humacao) 1881 noviembre 3, diciembre 8 es-ES Pica Pica (SJ) 1907-1909 septiembre diciembre es-ES Pica Pica (SJ) 1910 enero noviembre es-ES Pica Pica (SJ) 1911 enero diciembre es-ES Pica Pica (SJ) 1912 enero 6 diciembre 28 es-ES Pica Pica (SJ) 1913 enero 4 diciembre 20 es-ES Pica Pica (SJ) 1914 enero diciembre es-ES Pica Pica (SJ) 1915 enero diciembre

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es-ES Pica Pica (SJ) 1916 enero diciembre es-ES Pica Pica (SJ) 1917 enero diciembre es-ES Pica Pica (SJ) 1921 enero diciembre es-ES Pica Pica (SJ) 1922 enero diciembre es-ES Ponceo, El (Ponce) 1852-1854 agosto julio 8 es-ES Porto Rico Mail, The (Ponce) 1898 octubre 14 es-ES Porto Rico News, The 1905 julio 27 es-ES Porto Rico Progress (SJ) 1910 ,11,13 es-ES Porto Rico Progress (SJ) 1911 diciembre 7 es-ES Porto Rico Progress (SJ) 1914-1915 enero julio es-ES Porto Rico Progress (SJ) 1916-1917 enero diciembre es-ES Porto Rico Progress (SJ) 1918 enero diciembre es-ES Porto Rico Progress (SJ) 1919-1920 es-ES Porto Rico Progress (SJ) 1921-1922 es-ES Porvenir de Borinquen, El (Mayagez) 1899 marzo 23 septiembre 24 es-ES Porvenir de Borinquen, El (Mayagez) 1899 abril es-ES Porvenir Social, El (SJ) 1898-1899 octubre 27 diciembre 14 es-ES Porvenir Social, El (SJ) 1898-1899 diciembre 3 agosto 12 es-ES Porvenir, El (Ponce ) 1902 abril 2, 29 es-ES Porvenir, El (Ponce) 1902 mayo 7 es-ES Porvenir, El (SJ) 1870 #84 y 87 de julio y #36 de marzo es-ES Prensa, La (Mayagez) 1876 jun.29, jul.6, sept.21, 28, oct.12, dic.14 es-ES Prensa, La (Mayagez) 1877 enero 4, febrero 8, noviembre 29, dic.20 es-ES Prensa, La (Mayagez) 1878 mar. 7, 14, abr. 25, mayo. 2, 9, 16, 23 es-ES Prensa, La (Mayagez) 1878 agosto 8, 22, septiembre 12 es-ES Prensa, La (Mayagez) 1879 octubre 16, diciembre 11 es-ES Prensa, La (Mayagez) 1880 enero 8, feb. 19, 26, mar. 18, jul 1, 8 es-ES Prensa, La (Mayagez) 1880 julio 15, 22, 29, ago. 5, 12, oct. 14 es-ES Problema, El 1901 septiembre 6 es-ES Progreso, El (SJ) 1870 septiembre oc tubre es-ES Progreso, El (SJ) 1871 enero diciembre (inc.) es-ES Pr ogreso, El (SJ) 1871 agosto 9 es-ES Progreso, El (SJ) 1872 enero diciembre (inc.) es-ES Progreso, El (SJ) 1873 abril diciembre (inc.) es-ES Progreso, El (SJ) 1874 enero es-ES Propagador, El (Ponce) 1865,66 noviembre 11, marzo 23 es-ES Propaganda, La (Mayagez) 1883 marzo 22, mayo 1

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es-ES Publicidad, La (Mayagez) 1895 marzo 9 es-ES Publicista, El (Arecibo) 1885 octubre 17 es-ES Publicista, El (Arecibo) 1885 octubre 17, 24, 31, noviembre 7, 21 es-ES Publicista, El (Arecibo) 1886 enero 3 es-ES Publicista, El (Arecibo) 1886 feb. 1, ago. 1, 8, oct. 24, nov. 1 es-ES Pueblo, El (Fajardo) 1919 febrero 1 es-ES Pueblo, El (Ponce) 1881, 82,83 octubre 7, julio 4, marzo 29 es-ES Pu eblo, El (Ponce) 1882 julio 1 es-ES Pueblo, El (Ponce) 1883 julio 3, 5 es-ES Pueblo, El (Ponce) 1884, 1885 julio 8, enero 17 es-ES Puerto Rico (Ponce) 1904 diciembre 3 es-ES Puerto Rico Evanglico 1912 1972 -ndices volmenes 1 61 80 es-ES Puerto Rico Evanglico 1912-1916 julio junio es-ES Puerto Rico Evanglico 1916-1920 julio junio es-ES Puerto Rico Evanglico 1920-1922 julio junio es-ES Puerto Rico Herald, The (New York) 1901-1902 julio julio es-ES Puerto Rico Herald, The (New York) 1903-1904 julio junio es-ES Puerto Rico Times, The (SJ) 1902 octubre 17 es-ES Pulga, La (Arecibo) 1882 septiembre 28 es-ES Razn, La (Mayagez) (Partido Autonomista) 1890 feb. 20, abr. 29, may. 1, jun. 17, ago. 16, 21, 30 es-ES Razn, La (Mayagez) (Partido Autonomista) 1890 sept. 2, 4, 6, 20, 25, 27, oct. 2, 9, nov. 1, 4, 6, 25 es-ES Razn, La (Mayagez) (Partido Autonomista) 1890/1891 dic. 18, 23, 27, 30 / ene. 3, 15, 17 es-ES Razn, La (Mayagez) (Poltico. Literario...) 1870 octubre 15 diciembre es-ES Razn, La (Mayagez) (Poltico. Literario...) 1870-1873 es-ES Razn, La (Mayagez) (Poltico. Literario...) 1871 enero 5 diciembre 25 es-ES Razn, La (Mayagez) (Poltico. Literario...) 1872 enero 5 diciembre 20 es-ES Razn, La (Mayagez) (Poltico. Literario...) 1873 enero diciembre es-ES Razn, La (Mayagez) (Poltico. Literario...) 1874 enero diciembre es-ES Regional, El (San Sebastin) 1913-1917 mayo ju nio es-ES Regionalista, El (Arecibo) 1921 julio diciembre es-ES Regionalista, El (Arecibo) 1922 enero diciembre es-ES Representacin Nacional, La (SJ ) 1871 mayo 17, 26 es-ES Repblica, La (Arecibo) 1893 febrero 15 julio 5 es-ES Repblica, La (Ponce) 1904 mayo 20, noviembre 26, 27 es-ES Republicano Puro, El (Ponce) 1901 agosto 29 es-ES Republicano Puro, El (Ponce) 1902 septiembre 17 es-ES Resumen, El (Mayagez) 1892 febrero 27, octubre 12

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es-ES Revista Blanca, La (Mayagez) 1896 julio 12 diciembre 20 es-ES Revista Blanca, La (Mayagez) 1897 enero 1 junio 27 es-ES Revista Blanca, La (Mayagez) 1897-1898 julio 14 enero 28 es-ES Revista Blanca, La (Mayagez) 1917-1918 septiembre 14 diciembre 31 es-ES Revista de Puerto Rico (SJ) 1886 agosto 18 diciembr e 29 es-ES Revista de Puerto Rico (SJ) 1887 enero 1 abr il 28 es-ES Revista de Puerto Rico (SJ) 1888 1889 marzo 2 diciembre 29 es-ES Revista de Puerto Rico (Ponce) 1887 junio 16 octubre 6 es-ES Revista de Puerto Rico (Ponce) 1890 febrero 21 diciembre 31 es-ES Revista de Puerto Rico (Ponce) 1890 julio 2 diciembre 31 es-ES Revista de Puerto Rico (Ponce) 1891 enero 2 diciembre 30 es-ES Revista de Puerto Rico (Ponce) 1892 enero 1 diciembre 30 es-ES Revista Mercantil (Ponce) 1893 noviembre 19 es-ES Revista Mercantil (Ponce) 1895 marzo septiembre 13 es-ES Revista Obrera (Ponce) 1893 noviembre 19 es-ES Revolucin, La (Mayagez) 1901 junio 24 es-ES San Juan News, The 1899 agosto 10, noviembre 8, 15, dic. 3 31 es-ES San Juan News, The 1900 febrero junio es-ES San Juan News, The 1900 julio diciembre es-ES San Juan News, The 1901 enero abril es-ES San Juan News, The 1901 abril 4 junio 30 es-ES San Juan News, The 1901 mayo agosto es-ES San Juan News, The 1901 septiembre diciembre es-ES San Juan News, The 1902 enero marzo es-ES San Juan News, The 1902 abril junio es-ES San Juan News, The 1902 julio octubre es-ES San Juan News, The 1902 octubre diciembre es-ES San Juan News, The 1903 enero marzo es-ES San Juan News, The 1903 abril junio es-ES San Juan News, The 1903 julio septiembre es-ES San Juan News, The 1903 octubre diciembre es-ES San Juan News, The 1904 enero marzo es-ES San Juan News, The 1904 abril noviembre 8 es-ES Sastre del Campillo, El (Ponce) 1897 agosto 8 es-ES Semana Poltica, La (SJ) 1906 septiembre 2 es-ES Semana, La (Ponce) 1875 febrero 7 es-ES Sol, El (Humacao) 1920 mayo 15 noviembre 4

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es-ES Sotana, La (Arecibo) 1912 marzo 17, 31 es-ES Territorio, El (SJ) 1899 marzo 16 diciembre 21 es-ES Territorio, El (SJ) 1899 jun.6 -dic.11 (ordenado) sueltos mayo.-sept es-ES Tiempo, El (Arecibo) 1886 mayo 22 noviembre 20 6 es-ES Tiempo, El (Mayagez) 1874 octubre es-ES Tiempo, El (San Germn) 1876 octubre 8 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1911 enero 1 marzo 31 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1911 julio 1 septiembre 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1911 octubre 2 diciembre 29 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1912 enero 1 marzo 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1912 abril 1 junio 29 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1912 julio 1 septiembre 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1912 octubre 1 diciembre 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1913 enero 1 marzo 31 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1913 abril 1 junio 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1913 julio 1 septiembre 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1913 octubre 1 diciembre 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1914 enero 1 marzo 31 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1914 abril 1 junio 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1914 julio 1 septiembre 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1914 octubre 1 diciembre 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1915 enero 1 marzo 31 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1915 abril 1 junio 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1915 julio 1 septiembre 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1915 octubre 1 diciembr e 31 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1916 enero 3 marzo 31 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1916 abril 1 junio 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1916 julio 1 septiembre 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1916 octubre 2 diciembre 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1917 enero 2 marzo 31 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1917 abril 2 junio 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1917 julio 2 septiembre 29 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1917 octubre 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1918 enero 2 marzo 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1918 abril 1 junio 29 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1918 julio 1 se ptiembr e 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1918 octubre 1 diciembre 31

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es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1919 enero 2 marzo 31 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1919 abril 1 junio 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1919 julio 1 septiembre 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1919 octubre 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1920 enero 2 junio 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1920 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1921 enero 3 junio 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1921 julio 1 diciembre 31 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1922 enero 3 junio 30 es-ES Tiempo, El (SJ) 1922 julio 1 diciembre 30 es-ES Tipgrafo, El 1911 abril 1 6 es-ES Trabuco, El (SJ) 1900, 1901 diciembre 29, enero 12 es-ES Tribuna, La (Mayagez) 1915 abril 20 es-ES Tribuna, La (SJ) 1898,1899 noviembre 10 diciembre 31, enero es-ES Tribuna, La (SJ) 1910 junio 4, diciembre 31 es-ES Tribuna, La (SJ) 1911 marzo 3 es-ES Unidad Nacional, La (Mayagez) 1887 diciembre 26 es-ES Unidad Nacional, La (Mayagez) 1888 mayo 2 es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1903 /1909 febrero 15 agosto 23 / enero 9 es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1904 agosto diciembre es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1905 enero junio es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1906 agosto diciembre es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1907 enero junio es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1907 julio diciembre es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1910 enero junio es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1910 julio diciembre es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1911 julio diciembre es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1915 septiembre diciembre es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1916 enero abril es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1917 agosto 16 diciembre es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1918 enero 3 junio 23 es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1918 julio 9 diciembre es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1919 enero mayo, septiembre diciembre es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1920 enero diciembre 14 es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1921 enero diciembre 21 es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1922 abril 7 junio es-ES Unin Obrera (SJ) 1922 julio diciembre 21

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es-ES Unin, La (SJ) 1897 septiembre 25 es-ES Unin, La (SJ) 1898 juli o 9 es-ES Unionista, El (Arecibo) 1912 abril 28 diciembre 31 es-ES Unionista, El (Arecibo) 1913 enero 2 diciembre 27 es-ES Unionista, El (Arecibo) 1914 marzo 7 es-ES Unionista, El (Arecibo) 1914 enero 1 marzo 17 es-ES Vanguardia Espaola, La (SJ) 1908 mayo 2, agosto 12 es-ES Vanguardia, La (Ponce) 1899 noviembre 28 diciembre 21 es-ES Vanguardia, La (San Sebastin) 1918 octubre 26 es-ES Verdad, La (SJ) (Religioso y Lit .) 1873/74/73 mayo 11, 18/ junio 14/ julio 13 es-ES Verdad, La (SJ) (Religioso y Lit.) 1874 es-ES Verdad, La (SJ) (Religioso y Lit.) 1875 enero 31 es-ES Victoria, La (Ponce) 1918,1919 feb. dic., ene. 18, 30, feb. 17, 28 40 es-ES Vigilante, El 1911 febrero 15 es-ES Voz de la Patria, La (Mayagez) 1903 septiembre 2 es-ES Voz de la Patria, La (Mayagez) 1905 noviembre 21, 22, 23 es-ES Voz de la Patria, La (Mayagez) 1906 febrero 15 es-ES Voz de la Patria, La (Mayagez) 1911 enero 5 es-ES Voz de la Patria, La (Mayagez) 1916 junio 15 es-ES Voz de la Patria, La (Mayagez) 1918 marzo 27, agosto 10, 12, 21, 29 es-ES Voz de la Unin, La (Arecibo) 1914 febrero 4 noviembre 6 es-ES Voz de la Unin, La (Are cib o) 1914 marzo 14, abril 29 es-ES Voz del Norte, La (Manat) 1879 jul. 20, sept. 14, oct. 15, 19 es-ES Voz del Obrero, La 1903/19/28 sept.5/mar .30/ene.7,jun.30,jul.14,ago.11 es-ES Voz Humana (Caguas) 1906 septiembre 2, 30, octubre 22 es-ES Yo Acuso 1918 abril 20 es-ES es-ES Edited from es-ES Catlogo de micropelculas de peridicos y revistas puertorriqueas Coleccin Puertorriqueawebsite. es-ES MTA_December 2012 es-ES

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21 CHRONOLOGY (1860s)

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22 1860 Florida population: 140,424 The first cross-state railroad connects Fernandina, on the east coast, with Cedar Key on the west. There are 22 newspapers in Florida. None of the papers are dailies. The total circulation for the state is 15,500. ST. JOHNS COUNTY Examiner, St. Augustine, 1850s?-? > The Examiner prints the following platform: The secession of the State of Florida -The dissolution of the Union -The formation of a Southern Confederacy. 1861 Governor: John Milton, 1861-1865 Senators: Florida is not represented in Washington during the Civil War and the beginning of the Reconstruction period, 1861-1867. U.S. President: Abraham Lincoln, 1861-1865 January 10, 1861 -The ordinance of s ecession is passed and Florida secedes from the Union. February 4, 1861 -Florida is admitted to the Confederacy. April 12, 1861 -Confederate forces attack Fort Sumter and the Civil War begins. DUVAL COUNTY The Southern Confederacy Jacksonville, 1861-? HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY The Florida Peninsular Tampa, 1854-1872 > May 25, 1861 -The Florida Peninsular suspends publication when publisher William Spencer enlists in the Confederate army Spencer is killed by typhoid dur ing the war, but his brothers resume publication on April 28, 1866. Sunny South, Tampa, 1861-? > January 29, 1861 -Alfonso DeLaunay starts Tampas Sunny South newspaper. 1862 May 1862 -Union troops occupy Pensacola after the evacuation of Confederate forces. President Abraham Lincolns Emancipation Proclama tion frees slaves in the Confederate states. More than 16,000 Floridians serve in the Civil War. MONROE COUNTY New Era Key West, 1862-1863 > The New Era prints the following: ...In the limited space allowed us we shall strive to do what we can for the Union. 1863 The Confederacy relies on Florida to supply salt, cattle and other supplies to the war effort. Although there are only a few battles fought on Florida soil, the damage to the states economy is severe. NASSAU COUNTY Peninsula Fernandina, 1863-1864? > The Peninsula is published while Union troops occupy Fernandina.

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23 1864 February 20, 1864 -The Battle of Olustee, the largest Civil War battle fought in Florida, ends with a Confederate victory. The Battle of Natural Bridge is won by Confederate troops. DUVAL COUNTY Florida Union / later: Florida Times-Union Jacksonville, 1864-Present 1865 Governors: There are four Florida governors during 1865: John Milton; Abraham K. Allison, acting; William Marvin, provisional; and David S. Walker who serves until 1868. January 31, 1865 -The U.S. Congress ratifies the 13th Amendment which abolishes slavery. April 9, 1865 -General Robert E. Lee surrenders to General Grant at Appomattox Court House. April 14, 1865 -President Abraham Lincoln is shot at Fords Theater in Washington, DC. He dies the following day. U.S. President: Andrew Johnson, 1865-1869 Governor John Milton commits suicide. October 1865 -A legislative convention is assembled to annul secession, accept emancipation, and write a new state constitution. ALACHUA COUNTY Gainesville New Era Gainesville, 1865-1874 MADISON COUNTY Madison Enterprise-Recorder, Madison, 1865-Present 1866 April 2, 1866 -President Andrew Johnson proclaims that the insurrection which heretofore existed in the State of Florida is at an end and is henceforth to be so regarded. After the war, ports at Jacksonville and Pensacola flourish as Americas cities rebuild and the demand for products increases. MARION COUNTY East Marion Banner / later: Ocala Star-Banner Ocala, 1866-Present 1867 Senators: Thomas W. Osborn; Adonijah S. Welch The southern reconstruction period begins. ESCAMBIA COUNTY Commercial Pensacola, 1867-1871 1868 Governor: Harrison Reed, 1868-1873 May 1868 -A fourth Florida constitution is ratified. Commercial agriculture and other related busine sses begin to make a slow economic comeback. A state seal is adopted. DUVAL COUNTY East Floridian Jacksonville, 1868-1869? HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY The True Southerner, Tampa, 1868 > The True Southerner is started in Tampa to challenge the Florida Peninsular but The True Southerner is discontinued after the November election.

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24 1869 Senators: Thomas W. Osborn; Abijah Gilbert U.S. President: Ulysses S. Grant, 1869-1877 JEFFERSON COUNTY Monticello News, Monticello, 1869-Present

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25CHRONOLOGY (1870s)

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26 1870 Florida population: 187,748 The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution is passed by Congress. It states that the right to vote shall not be denied on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. There are 23 newspapers in Florida. None of the papers are dailies. The total circulation for the state decreased during the 1860s and is now 10,545. ESCAMBIA COUNTY Express, Pensacol a 1870-1875 SUWANNEE COUNTY The Jasper News Li ve Oak, 1870-Present 1871 Senators: Thomas W. Osborn; Abijah Gilbert Josiah T. Walls becomes Floridas first African-American congressman. ESCAMBIA COUNTY Mail, Pensacol a 1871-1872 1872 The Florida Railroad Company is renamed the Atlantic, Gulf and West Indies Transit Company. November 5, 1872 -President Ulysses S. Grant is reelected for a second term. LEON COUNTY Floridian Tallahassee, 1828-? > July 2, 1872 -The Flo r idian uses its entire front page to print a speech called The Political Crisis. 1873 Governor: Ossian B. Hart, 1873-1874 Senators: Abijah Gilbert; Simon B. Conover There is a financial panic and depression. ALACHUA COUNTY Gainesville New Era Gainesville, 1865-1874 > September 1873 -African-American Josiah T. Walls purchases the Gainesville New Era. > This is Floridas first black-owned newspaper. > The paper is published until 1876. PINELLAS COUNTY Clearwater Times Clearwater, 1873-1880s > The Reverend Cooley S. Reynolds establishes Clearwaters first newspaper. 1874 March 1874 -Florida Governor Ossian B. Hart dies of pneumonia. Acting Governor: Marcellus L. Stearns, 1874-1877 COLUMBIA COUNTY Lake City Reporter Lake City, 1874-Present ESCAMBIA COUNTY Republican Pensacola, 1874 HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY Tampa Guardian Tampa, 1874-1886

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27 1875 Senators: Simon B. Conover; Charles W. Jones Congress passes the Civil Rights Act. LAKE COUNTY Sumter County Advance / later: Daily Commercial Leesburg, 1875-Present 1876 The state hospital for the insane is established at Chattahoochee. November 8, 1876 -The disputed presiden tial race between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel Tilden takes place. ALACHUA COUNTY The Gainesville Times / later: The Gainesville Sun Gainesville, 1876-Present > July 6, 1876 -The first issue of The Gainesville Times is published. HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY The Sunland Tribune Tampa, 1876-1880s? > March 2, 1876 -The first issue of The Sunland Tribune is published. ORANGE COUNTY Orange County Reporter / later: Orlando Sentinel Orlando, 1876-Present 1877 Governor: George F. Drew, 1877-1881 Senators: Simon B. Conover; Charles W. Jones U.S. President: Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877-1881 The Reconstruction period ends. ORANGE COUNTY Florida Crescent Fort Read, 1877-? VOLUSIA COUNTY Volusia County Herald / later: Deland Sun News Deland, 1877-Present 1878 A yellow-fever epidemic sweeps the state. Most Florida newspapers print with Washington hand presses. ESCAMBIA COUNTY Advance, Pensacol a 1878-1881 Echo Pensacola, 1878 1879 Senators: Charles W. Jones; Wilkinson Call February 19, 1879 -The Florida Press Association is formed. ALACHUA COUNTY The Gainesville Sun Gainesville, 1876-Present > The Gainesville Times merges with The Gainesville News to form The Gainesville Sun BRADFORD COUNTY Florida Telegraph / later: Bradford County Telegraph Starke, 1879-Present HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY Gulf Coast Progress Tampa, 1879-? > Oliver J. Andreu establishes Tampas Gulf Coast Progress LEVY COUNTY Williston Sun-Suwannee Valley News, Williston, 1879-Present MONROE COUNTY The Key West Citizen Key West, 1879-Present

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28 CHRONOLOGY (1880s)

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29 1880 Florida population: 269,493 Pensacolas business district is destroyed by fire. There are approximately 45 newspapers in Florida. Only three of the papers are dailies and they are all located in Jacksonville. The average circulation for a weekly Florida newspaper is 685. BREVARD COUNTY Star-Advocate Titusville, 1880-Present 1881 Governor: William D. Bloxham, 1881-1885 Senators: Charles W. Jones; Wilkinson Call U.S. President: James A. Garfield, 1881 July 2, 1881 -President Garfield is shot in Washington, DC. He dies on September 19th. U.S. President: Chester A. Arthur, 1881-1885 Hamilton Disston purchases four million acres of Florida land south of Ocala for one million dollars. DUVAL COUNTY The Florida Daily Times Jacksonville, 1881-1883 FRANKLIN COUNTY Apalachicola Tribune Apalachicola, 1881-1884 MANATEE COUNTY Gulf Coast Progress Bradenton, 1881-1885 SUMTER COUNTY Sumter County Times Bushnell, 1881-Present 1882 An inland water route from the Matanzas to the Halifax River is established by the Florida Coast Line Canal & Transportation Company. The typical Florida newspape r is a four-page weekly. ESCAMBIA COUNTY Advance-Gazette Pensacola, 1882-1885 Commercial Pensacola, 1882-1889 LAKE COUNTY Herald Tavares, 1882-? MONROE COUNTY Key West News, African-American newspaper / later: Florida News, Key West, 1882-1885 SUWANNEE COUNTY Banner Live Oak, 1882-? VOLUSIA COUNTY Halifax Journal Daytona, 1882-1914 WALTON COUNTY Signal De Funiak Springs, 1882-?

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30 1883 Senators: Charles W. Jones; Wilkinson Call Deland Academy, later renamed Stetson University, is founded. The first electric lights in Florida are installed at the St. James Hotel in Jacksonville. ESCAMBIA COUNTY Pensacolian Pensacola, 1883-1889 DUVAL COUNTY Florida Union \ later: Florida Times-Union Jacksonville, 1864-Present > February 4, 1883 -The newspaper changes its name to the Florida Times-Union when it merges with The Florida Daily Times Peoples Journal African-American newspaper, Jacksonville, 1883-1893 > September 15, 1883 -The newspaper is founded by J.W. Thompson. HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY The Sunland Tribune Tampa, 1876-1880s? > March 1, 1883 -The Sunland Tribune changes its name to The Tampa Tribune. (This is not the modern Tribune .) LAKE COUNTY The Eustis News Eustis, 1864-Present 1884 Phosphate deposits are discovered along the P eace River area by J. Francis Le Baron. A railroad from Tampa to Kissimmee is completed by Henry Plant. DUVAL COUNTY Florida Baptist Witness, Jacksonville, 1884-Present ESCAMBIA COUNTY Republican Pensacola, 1884 FRANKLIN COUNTY Apalachicola Herald Apalachicola, 1884 HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY The Courier Plant City, 1884-Present LEE COUNTY Fort Myers Press / later: News-Press Fort Myers, 1884-Present > November 22, 1884 -The first issue of the Fort Myers Press is published. PINELLAS COUNTY West Hillsborough Times / later: St. Petersburg Times Dunedin, 1884-Present > July 25, 1884 -The first issue of the West Hillsborough Times is published. > Dr. J.L. Edgar, J.M. Doc Baggett, and M. Joel McMullen are the founders of what will become the St. Petersburg Times > December 1884 -Arthur C. Turner buys the West Hillsborough Times and moves the newspaper to Clearwater. SUWANNEE COUNTY Suwannee Democrat Live Oak, 1884-Present

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31 1885 Governor: Edward A. Perry, 1885-1889 Senators: Charles W. Jones; Wilkinson Call U.S. President: Grover Cleveland, 1885-1889 Henry Flagler develops railroads on the east coast while Henry B. Plant introduces a railroad system on the west coast. Luxury hotels are built in Palm Beach and Tampa to attract wealthy tourists from Northern states. August 3, 1885 -A new state constitution is adopted. Rollins College is founded in Winter Park. Florida Southern College is established in Leesburg and later moved to Lakeland. DUVAL COUNTY Florida News / later: Southern Leader African-American newspaper, Jacksonville, 1885-1888 > John Willis Menard moves the Florida News from Key West to Jacksonville. > The newspaper is renamed the Southern Leader. FRANKLIN COUNTY Apalachicola Times Apalachicola, 1885-Present ORANGE COUNTY Advocate African-American newspaper, Winter Park, 1885 PUTNUM COUNTY Palatka Daily News Palatka, 1885-Present 1886 The states agriculture industry is damaged by a disastrous freeze. Half of Key West is destroyed by fire. Vicente Martinez Ybor chooses Tampa for his new cigar factory. (There will be 200 cigar factories in Tampa by 1900.) 1886 is a big year for newspaper start-ups. There are 66 new Florida papers established. DUVAL COUNTY Florida Templar African-American temperance newspaper, Jacksonville, 1886-1888 HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY Southern Progress African-American newspaper, Tampa, 1886-? Tampa Journal Tampa, 1886-? > The former publisher of the Tampa Guardian, H.J. Cooper, starts a new paper called the Tampa Journal ORANGE COUNTY Eatonville Ledger African-American newspa per, Eatonville, 1886-1889 PINELLAS COUNTY Seabreeze Gulfport (Disston City), 1886-1887 > W.J. McPherson and E.B. McPherson publish the Seabreeze

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32 1887 Senators: Wilkinson Call; Samuel Pasco The school which will later become FA MU is established in Tallahassee. ALACHUA COUNTY Gainesville Sentinel African-American newspaper / later: Florida Sentinel 1887-1894 > The newspaper is founded by M.H. Lewey. DUVAL COUNTY Jacksonville Journal Jacksonville, 1887-1988 ESCAMBIA COUNTY Pensacola Enterprise African-American newspaper, Pensacola, 1887-? HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY The Tampa Daily News Tampa, 1887-1896 > Tampas first daily newspaper is founded by O.H. Jackson. LIBERTY COUNTY Bristol Free Press Bristol, 1887-1940s? MARION COUNTY Ocala Ledger African-American newspaper, Ocala Ledger, 1887-1890 > May 1887 -The newspaper is founded by R.B. Brooks. PINELLAS COUNTY Point Pinellas Herald Gulfport (Disston City), 1887-? POLK COUNTY Advance Courier, Bartow, 1887-1888 1888 An epidemic of yellow fever spreads throughout Florida. Peter Demens completes his Orange Belt Railroad line to St. Petersburg. 34 new Florida papers are established during 1888. Most the new papers during the 1880s are small weeklies which do not survive very long. DUVAL COUNTY Florida Cyclone, African-American newspaper, Jacksonville, 1888 Liberator African-American newspaper, Jacksonville, 1888 ESCAMBIA COUNTY Pensacola Enterprise African-American newspaper, Pensacola, 1888 HERNANDO COUNTY Brooksville Star / later: Sun Journal Brooksville, 1888-1990s LAFAYETTE COUNTY The Mayo Free Press Mayo, 1888-Present MANATEE COUNTY Manatee River Journal Bradenton, 1888-1922 PINELLAS COUNTY South Florida Home Charlotte Harbor, 1888-1896

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33 1889 Governor: Francis P. Fleming, 1889-1893 Senators: Wilkinson Call; Samuel Pasco U.S. President: Benjamin Harrison, 1889-1893 The state board of health is established to help battle the yellow fever epidemic. ESCAMBIA COUNTY Daily News / later: Pensacola News Journal Pensacola, 1889-Present ORANGE COUNTY Eatonville Speaker African-American newspaper, Eatonville, 1889-? POLK COUNTY Courier-Informant Bartow, 1889-1919 TAYLOR COUNTY Perry News-Herald, Perry, 1889-Present VOLUSIA COUNTY Daytona Gazette-News, Daytona, 1889-1923

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35 1890 Florida population: 391,422 The National Farmers Alliance meets in Ocala and drafts its Ocala Demands national platform. There are 122 newspapers in Florida. The total circulation for the state is 107,257. 38 new papers are started in Florida during 1890. CITRUS COUNTY Citrus County Chronicle Crystal River, 1890-Present LAKE COUNTY Florida Facts St. Francis, 1890-? LEVY COUNTY Levy Times-Democrat Bronson, 1890-1924 PINELLAS COUNTY South Florida Home Charlotte Harbor / St. Petersburg, 1888-1896 > St. Petersburg gets its first newspaper when Young G. Lee moves the South Florida Home from Charlotte Harbor. POLK COUNTY Polk County News Bartow, 1890-1893 VOLUSIA COUNTY De Funiak Herald, De Funiak Springs, 1890-Present 1891 Senators: Wilkinson Call; Samuel Pasco June 17, 1891 -The city of Pensacola unveils its Confederate monument. Eight new papers are started in Florida during 1891. CLAY COUNTY Clay County Crescent Green Cove Springs, 1891-1990s? LEON COUNTY Daily Floridian Tallahassee, 1891-1890s? 1892 The Populist Party becomes active in state politics. J.E. Ingraham explores the Everglades. There are 22 new papers started in Florida during 1892. DUVAL COUNTY Edward Waters Globe African-American newspaper, Jacksonville, 1892-? HOLMES COUNTY Holmes County Advertiser Bonifay, 1892-Present PINELLAS COUNTY West Hillsborough Times / later: St. Petersburg Times St. Petersburg, 1884-Present > Fall 1892 -Richard James Morgan buys the West Hillsborough Times and moves it from Clearwater to St. Petersburg.

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36 1893 Governor: Henry L. Mitchell, 1893-1897 Senators: Wilkinson Call; Samuel Pasco U.S. President: Grover Cleveland, 1893-1897 There are 15 new papers started in Florida during 1893. CHARLOTTE COUNTY Charlotte Sun Herald Charlotte Harbor, 1893-Present ESCAMBIA COUNTY Florida Argus Pensacola, 1893-1894 HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY The Tampa Daily Times Tampa, 1893-1982 > William Henderson and Colonel S.A. Jones buy the Tampa Tribune and the Tampa Journal and merge both newspapers into a new paper called The Tampa Daily Times PINELLAS COUNTY Clearwater News Clearwater, 1893-? 1894 December 1894 -A freeze destroys much of Floridas citrus industry. The national Pullman railway strike continues. DUVAL COUNTY Daily American African-American newspaper, Jacksonville, 1894 > The newspaper is founded by James Weldon Johnson. ESCAMBIA COUNTY Gainesville Sentinel African-American newspaper / later: Florida Sentinel 1894-1914 > The former Gainesville Sentinel moves to Pensacola. PALM BEACH COUNTY The Daily Lake Worth News / later: Palm Beach Daily News Palm Beach, 1894-Present PINELLAS COUNTY Sub-Peninsular St. Petersburg, 1894-1896 PUTNAM COUNTY Crescent City News, Putnam, 1894?-1902 ORANGE COUNTY Arcadia Enterprise Arcadia, 1894-1924 ST. JOHNS COUNTY Daily Herald / later: The St. Augustine Record St. Augustine, 1894-Present 1895 Senators: Wilkinson Call; Samuel Pasco February 1895 -A freeze cripples Fl oridas citrus industry for th e second time in three months. HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY The Tampa Tribune Tampa, 1895-Present > January 1, 1895 -The Tampa Tribune Publishing Company is incorporated and editor W.F. Stovall begins a new weekly Tampa Tribune Tampa Herald, Tampa, 1895-1902 WAKULLA COUNTY The Wakulla News Crawfordville, 1895-Present

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37 1896 Henry Flaglers Florida East Coast Railway begi ns continuous service from Jacksonville to Miami. The first modern Olympics takes place in Athens, Greece. DADE COUNTY Miami Metropolis / later: The Miami News Miami, 1896-1988 DUVAL COUNTY The Florida Evangelist African-American newspaper, Jacksonville, 1896-1902 1897 Governor: William D. Bloxham, 1897-1901 Senators: Samuel Pasco; Stephen R. Mallory U.S. President: William McKinley, 1897-1901 Legislators pass a law calling for railroads to provide cattle protection. There are four new papers started in Florida during 1897. HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY The Tampa Morning News Tampa, 1897-? MANATEE COUNTY Bradenton News Bradenton, 1897-? OSCEOLA COUNTY Osceola News-Gazette Kissimmee, 1897-Present 1898 Tampa serves as a chief port of embarkation for about three months during the Spanish-American War. Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders are among the soldiers who stay in Tampa. Other embarkation sites include Jacksonville and Miami. Hundreds of newspapers and magazines send re porters, artists, and photographers to Florida embarkation cities during the war. ESCAMBIA COUNTY Journal Pensacola, 1898-1924 HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY The Tampa Daily Times Tampa, 1893-1982 > D.B. McKay takes over The Tampa Daily Times ORANGE COUNTY DeSoto County News Arcadia, 1898-1924 1899 Senators: Samuel Pasco; Stephen R. Mallory (Appointed to fill v acancy: James P. Taliaferro) February 13, 1899 -Tallahassee records a temperature of 2 degrees below zero. ESCAMBIA COUNTY Sentinel Pensacola, 1899 ST. JOHNS COUNTY Daily Herald / later: The St. Augustine Record St. Augustine, 1894-Present > Henry M. Flagler purchases St. Augustines Daily Herald > August 30, 1899 -The newspaper merges with the Evening Record.

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39 1900 Florida population: 528,542 Floridas state flag is adopted. Newspapers in Florida begin using stories from the reorganized Associated Press Service. DADE COUNTY Miami Metropolis / later: The Miami News Miami, 1896-1988 > January 1900 -All of the newspapers files are destroyed in a fire. HARDEE COUNTY Florida Advocate / later: The Herald-Advocate Wauchula, 1900-Present 1901 Governor: W.S. Jennings, 1901-1905 Senators: Stephen R. Mallory; James P. Taliaferro May 1901 -Jacksonvilles fire destroys 1700 bu ildings and leaves 10,000 persons homeless. September 6, 1901 -President McKinley is assassinated during a visit to the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. U.S. President: Theodore Roosevelt, 1901-1909 DUVAL COUNTY Florida Labor Templar African-American newspaper, Jacksonville, 1901-1920s? GADSDEN COUNTY Gadsden County Times Quincy, 1901-Present ORANGE COUNTY Orlando Daily Herald, Orlando, 1901-1903 PINELLAS COUNTY St. Petersburg Times St. Petersburg, 1884-Present > April 1, 1901 -William Lincoln Straub, A.P. Avery, and A.H. Lindelie buy the St. Petersburg Times from the Gore family for $1,300. 1902 May 21, 1902 -St. Augustine is hit by a small earthquake shock. The annual subscription rate for a typical Florida weekly is approximately $1.50. PUTNAM COUNTY Florida Enterpriser Pal a tka, 1902-? 1903 Senators: Stephen R. Mallory; James P. Taliaferro Florida officially obtains title to the Ever glades from the United States government. DADE COUNTY The Miami Evening Record / later: The Miami Herald Miami, 1903-Present > Frank B. Stoneman and A.L. LaSalle, who were formally with the Orlando Daily Herald, establish Miamis first daily newspaper. JACKSON COUNTY The Graceville News, Graceville, 1903-Present PINELLAS COUNTY Tarpon Springs Herald Tarpon Springs, 1903-? ST. LUCIE COUNTY Fort Pierce News / later: The Tribune Fort Pierce, 1903-Present

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40 1904 Mary McLeod Bethune opens the Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute, which later becomes Bethune-Cookman College. November 8, 1904 -President Theodore Roosevelt is reelected. There are approximately 20 daily and 115 weekly Florida newspapers in 1904. PASCO COUNTY Dade City Banner / later: Pasco News Dade City, 1904-Present VOLUSIA COUNTY Daytona Daily News / later: Daytona Beach News-Journal Daytona Beach, 1904-Present 1905 Governor: Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, 1905-1909 Senators: Stephen R. Mallory; James P. Taliaferro The Buckman Act consolidates various state-subsidized learning institutions into the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida State College for Women in Tallahassee, and Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College in Tallahassee. LEON COUNTY Weekly True Democrat / later: Tallahassee Democrat Tallahassee, 1905-Present > The Weekly True Democrat is founded by Monticello printer John Collins. PALM BEACH COUNTY The Daily Lake Worth News / later: Palm Beach Daily News Palm Beach, 1894-Present > Henry Flaglers company sells the newspaper to Richard Davies. 1906 Governor Broward launches the Everglades drainage project. Progressive state reforms are made in the areas of education, child labor, health, and public utilities. ALACHUA COUNTY The University News / later: The Independent Florida Alligator Gainesville, 1906-Present > October 19, 1906 -The first issue of the University of Floridas student newspaper is published. It is originally called The University News, but in 1912 the name is changed to The Florida Alligator In 1973 it becomes The Independent Florida Alligator DUVAL COUNTY Florida Standard / later: Standard-Sentinel African-American newspaper, 1906-1919 ORANGE COUNTY Orlando Reporter / later: Orlando Sentinel Orlando, 1876-Present > The Orlando Reporter and the Orlando Evening Star are merged. PINELLAS COUNTY St. Petersburg Independent / later: Evening Independent St. Petersburg, 1906-1986

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41 1907 Senators: Stephen R. Mallory; William J. Bryan (Appointed to fill vacancies : William H. Milton; James P. Taliaferro) The employment of children become s a major issue for legislators. The United Press news service is formed. In 1909 the International News Service is also offered to newspapers. CALHOUN COUNTY The County Record, Blountstown, 1907-Present DADE COUNTY Miami Morning News-Record / later: The Miami Herald Miami, 1903-Present > The Miami Morning News merges with The Miami Evening Record to create Miamis first morning daily. Frank B. Stoneman is the editor and A.L. LaSalle and his son are co-owners. Miami Metropolis / later: The Miami News Miami, 1896-1988 > The newspapers circulation grows when the Metropolis and Publisher Bobo Dean criticize the powerful Henry Flagler. PINELLAS COUNTY St. Petersburg Independent / later: Evening Independent St. Petersburg, 1906-1986 > November 7, 1907 -The St. Petersburg Independent changes its name to the Evening Independent SANTA ROSA COUNTY Santa Rosa Press Gazette Milton, 1907-Present 1908 The Choctawhatchee National Forest is established. Florida becomes a site for the production of silent films. PALM BEACH COUNTY The Palm Beach Post, West Palm Beach, 1908-Present SEMINOLE COUNTY Sanford Herald / later: Seminole Herald Sanford, 1908-Present 1909 Governor: Albert W. Gilchrist, 1909-1913 Senators: James P. Taliaferro; Duncan U. Fletcher U.S. President: William H. Taft, 1909-1913 A hurricane halts construction of the overwater railroad to Key West. DADE COUNTY Miami Morning News-Record Miami, 1907-1910 > Frank Shutts takes over the paper and pays off the papers debts with Henry Flaglers backing. POLK COUNTY Mulberry Press Mulberry, 1909-Present

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42 CHRONOLOGY (1910s)

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43 1910 Florida population: 752,619 There is a violent nine-month long cigar strike in Tampa. DADE COUNTY Miami Morning News-Record / later: The Miami Herald Miami, 1903-Present > December 1, 1910 -The Miami Morning News-Record changes its name and becomes The Miami Herald ESCAMBIA COUNTY Pensacola Brother / later: Colored Citizen African-American newspaper, Pensacola, 1910-1965 HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY The Tampa Tribune Tampa, 1895-Present > The Tampa Tribune building is set on fire during a violent Tampa cigar strike. PINELLAS COUNTY Evening Independent, St. Petersburg, 1906-1986 > September 1, 1910 -Major Lew B. Brown la unches his famous Sunshine Offer where the newspaper is given away free any day the sun does not shine. POLK COUNTY Fort Meade Leader, Fort Meade, 1910-Present 1911 Senators: Duncan U. Fletcher; Nathan P. Bryan May 23, 1911 -Pinellas County is created in an area formally known as West Hillsborough County. DUVAL COUNTY Afro-American Gazette African-American newspaper, Jacksonville, 1911-1912 HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY Free Press, Tampa, 1911-Present PASCO COUNTY Zephyrhills News, Zephyrhills, 1911-Present POLK COUNTY The Winter Haven News Chief Winter Haven, 1911-Present 1912 The overseas railroad to Key West is opened after eight years of construction. April 14, 1912 -The British steamship Titanic strikes an iceberg in the North Atlantic. DADE COUNTY South Florida Banner / later: South Dade News Leader, Homestead, 1912-Present OKALOOSA COUNTY Niceville Bayou Times Crestview, 1912-Present Okaloosa News-Journal Crestview, 1912-Present PALM BEACH COUNTY Lake Worth Herald Lake Worth, 1912-Present PINELLAS COUNTY St. Petersburg Times St. Petersburg, 1884-Present > September 1912 -Paul Poynter purchases the St. Petersburg Times from W.L. Straub.

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44 1913 Governor: Park Trammell, 1913-1917 Senators: Duncan U. Fletcher; Nathan P. Bryan U.S. President: Woodrow Wilson, 1913-1921 A state child labor law is enacted which prohibits employment of minors in factories. DADE COUNTY The Miami Herald Miami, 1903-Present > Frank Shutts purchases the Herald from Henry M. Flagler. FLAGLER COUNTY Flagler / Palm Coast News-Tribune Bunnell, 1913-Present LAKE COUNTY Clermont Clarion / later: South Lake Press Clermont, 1913-Present MARTIN COUNTY The Stuart Times / later: The Stuart News Stuart, 1913-Present ORANGE COUNTY West Orange Times Winter Garden, 1913-Present VOLUSIA COUNTY New Smyrna News / later: New Smyrna Beach Observer New Smyrna Beach, 1913-Present 1914 July 1914 -World War One begins in Europe. Newspapers across the state print World War One extras. There are approximately 25 daily and 140 weekly Florida newspapers in 1914. The annual subscription rate for a typical daily Florida newspaper is $5.00 a year. DUVAL COUNTY Florida Sentinel African-American newspaper, Jacksonville, 1914-1931 PINELLAS COUNTY Clearwater Sun Clearwater, 1914-1990 > May 1, 1914 -The Clearwater Sun is founded with Willis B. Powell as editor. POLK COUNTY Highland News / later: Frostproof News Frostproof, 1914-Present 1915 Senators: Duncan U. Fletcher; Nathan P. Bryan Floridas state road department is established. DADE COUNTY The Miami Herald Miami, 1903-Present > Marjory Stoneman Douglas, who will publish River of Grass in 1947, joins her father, editor Frank B. Stoneman at The Miami Herald HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY Afro-American Monthly African-American newspaper, Tampa, 1915-? OKEECHOBEE COUNTY Okeechobee Call / later: The Daily Okeechobee News Okeechobee, 1915-Present

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45 1916 Sidney J. Catts, a Baptist minister and insurance salesman, wins the election for Governor. November 11, 1916 -President Woodrow Wilson is reelected. LAKE COUNTY Mt. Dora Topic Mount Dora, 1916-Present PALM BEACH COUNTY The Palm Beach Post, West Palm Beach, 1916-Present PASCO COUNTY Suncoast News New Port Richey, 1916-Present West Pasco Press New Port Richey, 1916-Present POLK COUNTY The Highlander, Lake Wales, 1916-Present 1917 Governor: Sidney J. Catts, 1917-1921 Senators: Duncan U. Fletcher; Park Trammell April 1917 -The United States declares war on Germany and enters World War One. POLK COUNTY The Haines City Herald, Haines City, 1917-Present PUTNAM COUNTY Palatka Advocate African-American newspaper, Palatka, 1917-1927? > The newspaper is founded by Clarence C. Walker. 1918 Military training camps are set up in Florida during the war. November 11, 1918 -Florida newspapers report that the Armistice ending World War One has been signed. PINELLAS COUNTY St. Petersburg Times St Pet ersburg, 1884-Present > March 17, 1918 -The St Pet ersburg Times announces that the weekly Times will be consolidated with the Sunday Times. The weekly was an extra edition containing a round-up of the weeks news. 1919 Senators: Duncan U. Fletcher; Park Trammell The Florida legislature abolishes the leasing of convict labor. HIGHLANDS COUNTY The News-Sun Sebring, 1919-Present

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46 CHRONOLOGY (1920s)

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47 1920 Florida population: 968,470 Floridas first non-commercial radio station, WFAW / WQAM, begins broadcasting in Miami. There are approximately 35 daily and 140 weekly Florida newspapers in 1920. ST. LUCIE COUNTY Fort Pierce News / later: The Tribune Fort Pierce, 1903-Present > March 1, 1920 -The Tribune is established when The Fort Pierce News and the St. Lucie County Tribune merge. 1921 Governor: Cary A. Hardee, 1921-1925 Senators: Duncan U. Fletcher; Park Trammell U.S. President: Warren G. Harding, 1921-1923 There is a disastrous 1921 Florida hurricane. PINELLAS COUNTY The Pinellas Post St. Petersburg, 1921-? UNION COUNTY Union County Times, Lake Butler, 1921-Present 1922 Floridas first commercial radio station, WDAE, begins broadcasting in Tampa. May 30, 1922 -The Lincoln Memorial is dedicated in Washington, DC. GLADES COUNTY Glades County Democrat Moore Haven, 1922-Present HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY La Gaceta Tampa / Ybor City, 1922-Present > La Gaceta is founded by Victoriano Manteiga. The Tampa Daily Times Tampa, 1893-1982 > February 15, 1922 -The Tampa Daily Times starts the commercially licensed radio station, WDAE. The studios are located in the newspapers building. JACKSON COUNTY Jackson County Floridan, Marianna, 1922-Present MANATEE COUNTY The Bradenton Herald Bradenton, 1922-Present ORANGE COUNTY Orlando Sun / briefly called: Florida Earth, African-American newspaper, Orlando, 1922-1975? > The newspaper was founded by H.M. Alexa nder and acquired by J.L. Bowden in 1931. PALM BEACH COUNTY The Palm Beach Times / later: The Evening Times West Palm Beach, 1922-1987

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48 1923 Senators: Duncan U. Fletcher; Park Trammell August 2, 1923 -President Warren G. Harding dies from a stroke in San Francisco. U.S. President: Calvin Coolidge, 1923-1929 January 1923 -Six African-Americans are killed when an angry mob burns the town of Rosewood to the ground. This will become known as the Rosewood massacre. COLLIER COUNTY Collier County News / later: Naples Daily News Naples, 1923-Present DADE COUNTY Miami Times African-American newspaper, Miami, 1923-Present > September 1923 -The newspaper is founded by H.E.S. Reeves. DIXIE COUNTY Dixie County Advocate Cross City, 1923-Present HENDRY COUNTY Caloosa Belle La Belle, 1923-Present LAKE COUNTY Clermont Press Clermont, 1923-1966 PALM BEACH COUNTY Belle Glade Herald?; Everglades Observer? / later: The Sun, Belle Glade, 1923-Present PINELLAS COUNTY The Dunedin Times / later: The Palm Harbor Sounder Dunedin, 1923-Present 1924 October 1924 -The head of South Floridas As hley gang is killed in Palm Beach County after years of avoiding la w enforcement officials. Steamship service between Miami and New York begins. The Florida real estate boom fills Flor ida newspapers with advertisements. DADE COUNTY East Coast Dispatch, African-American newspaper, Miami, 1924?-1965 > The newspaper becomes the Tropical Dispatch in 1929. Miami Metropolis / later: Miami Daily News, Miami, 1896-1988 > The newspapers name is changed from the Miami Metropolis to the Miami Daily News DE SOTO COUNTY The Arcadian Arcadia, 1924-Present MARION COUNTY Florida Watchman African-American newspaper, Ocala, 1924-? > The newspaper is founded by Mattie J. Shaw. POLK COUNTY The Lakeland Evening Ledger / later: The Ledger Lakeland, 1924-Present WASHINGTON COUNTY Washington County News Chipley, 1924-Present

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49 1925 Governor: John W. Martin, 1925-1929 Senators: Duncan U. Fletcher; Park Trammell July 1925 -The Scopes Monkey Trial takes place in Dayton, Tennessee. BROWARD COUNTY Daily News Fort Lauderdale, 1925-1958 DADE COUNTY Daily Tab Miami, 1920s > Cornelius Vanderbilt publishes a boom-time tabloid called the Daily Tab GULF COUNTY The Gulf County Breeze Wewahitchka, 1925-Present HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY Tampa Telegraph Tampa, 1925-1926 Tampa Globe Tampa, 1925-1926 The Tampa Globe, a tabloid, is started in December and lasts until May 1926. SARASOTA COUNTY Sarasota Herald / later: Sarasota Herald-Tribune Sarasota, 1925-Present > October 4, 1925 -The Sarasota Herald is founded by David and Dick Lindsay. 1926 Floridas real estate boom collapses. September 1926 -A violent hurricane destroys property along Floridas east coast. 300 people are killed by a Lake Okeechobee flood after the hurricane. Floridas program to stop the spread of the Mediterranean fruit fly cuts citrus production by more than fifty percent. INDIAN RIVER COUNTY Vero Beach Journal / later: Press-Journal Vero Beach, 1926-Present > February 21, 1926 -The first issue of the Vero Beach Journal is published. POLK COUNTY The Lake Wales News Lake Wales, 1926-Present 1927 Senators: Duncan U. Fletcher; Park Trammell The sugar cane industry begins its first large scale Everglades development in Clewiston. May 1927 -Charles Lindbergh completes his solo plane flight from New York to Paris. DADE COUNTY The Floridian Newspaper / later: The Florida Newspaper Miami, 1927-Present HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY The Tampa Tribune Tampa, 1895-Present > March 1927 -The Tampa Tribune is purchased by S.E. Thomason, former general manager of the Chicago Tribune and John Stewart Bryan, editor and publisher of the Richmond News-Leader INDIAN RIVER COUNTY Vero Beach Press-Journal Vero Beach, 1919-Present > The Vero Beach Journal and the Vero Beach Press merge to become the Vero Beach Press-Journal

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50 1928 April 25, 1928 -The Tamiami Trail, connecting east and west Florida, opens to the public. September 16, 1928 -Hundreds of deaths are reported after a hurricane sweeps over the Palm Beaches area. DADE COUNTY Jewish Floridian, Miami, 1928-1990 HENDRY COUNTY Clewiston News, Clewiston, 1928-Present HERNANDO COUNTY Brooksville Journal Brooksville, 1928-1960 POLK COUNTY The Lakeland Evening Ledger / later: The Ledger Lakeland, 1924-Present > January 11, 1928 -The Lakeland Evening Ledger merges with The Lakeland Star-Telegram 1929 Governor: Doyle E. Carlton, 1929-1933 Senators: Duncan U. Fletcher; Park Trammell U.S. President: Herbert C. Hoover, 1929-1933 February 1, 1929 -Calvin Coolidge dedicates the Bok Singing Tower. John Ringling selects Sarasota as the winter quarters for his circus. BAKER COUNTY The Baker County Press MacClenny, 1929-Present HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY The Florida Labor Advocate Tampa, 1929?-1958 LEON COUNTY Daily Democrat / later: Tallahassee Democrat Tallahassee, 1905-Present > Milton Smith sells the newspaper to Lloyd Griscom.

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1922 1837 The first Chamber of Commerce was established in Puerto Rico, one of Sp Caribbean colonies. It was a period of political integration, conservatism, and censorship. 1868 Revolutions took place in Spain, Cuba, and Puerto Rico. 1870 Political parties were founded for the first time in Puerto Rico: Liberal Reformist (Liberal Reformista) and Unconditional Spanish (Incondicional Espaol). The first wanted a certain degree of autonomy from Spain; the latter wanted to preserve the status quo. 1873 The First Spanish Republic was established; this gave way to a period of liberalism in Spanish colonies. That same year, slavery was abolished in Puerto Rico, and Spanish Governor Primo de Rivera called for the first press conference in the history of Puerto Rico to announce the imminent war between Spain and the U.S. over Cuba. 1874 The First Spanish Republic was overthrown; this was followed by a period of conservatism and censorship. 1887 Spanish Governor Romualdo Palacios Gonzlez started a fierce campaign of persecution against liberals. It was known as Componte (rectify yourself). 1890s Labor movements began to organize. Spanish owners of cigar factories moved their businesses to Florida and New York in order to break labor movements. 1897 On November 25, the Spanish crown granted autonomy to Puerto Rico. 1898 In April, the Spanish American War began. In July, U.S. troops landed in Puerto Rico. The war ended in August, the sovereignty of Puerto Rico was transferred to the U.S., and it was put under military rule. Its named was changed to Porto Rico. The transference resulted into a serious economic crisis. That same year, Santiago Iglesias founded the Free Federation of Workers (Federacin Libre de Trabajadores) and affiliated it to the American Federation of Labor. 1899 Luis Muoz Rivera founded the Union Party (Partido Unionista), and Jos Celso Barbosa founded the Republican Party (Partido Republicano). The former sought certain degree of autonomy, whereas the latter wanted annexation and future statehood. That same year, Hurricane San Ciriaco hit Puerto Rico and destroyed coffee plantations.

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1900 The Foraker Act ended military rule and replaced it with an American colonial government. However, Puerto Rico was not considered a territory or its inhabitants as American citizens. The act allowed U.S. companies to acquire farming land, and the U.S. government established a monopoly on trade. In addition, the U.S. government started an education campaign to Americanize Puerto Rican children. 1902 -quality coffee to sugar. Coffee lands eventually became tobacco lands owned by U.S. companies. That same year, divorce became legal in Puerto Rico. 1905 Strikes in sugar plants began; it was followed by radicalism of the labor unions. 1908 the leadership of Luisa Capetillo, leader of the movement of Feminist-Anarchist Radicalism. 1911 -1912 U.S. colonial officers carried out a campaign against Anarchism, and they drove Luisa Capetillo into exile. 1914 World War I began. The U.S. needed soldiers to defend the Panama Canal, and it needed workers to replace rebellious European immigrants. 1916 Forty thousand agricultural workers in both sugar and coffee sectors organized the largest strike in the history of Puerto Rico. 1917 The Jones Act granted Puerto Ricans limited U.S. citizenship and unrestricted travel rights to the U.S. However, they could not vote for the U.S. President, and they did not have representation in congress. Both facts are still true today. That same year, U.S. Supreme Court decided that U.S. laws did not apply to Puerto Rico. The result was extensive child labor. In addition, U.S. government launched its first military recruitment campaign for Puerto Rican volunteer soldiers. Also that year, Santiago Iglesias, leader of the labor movement, founded the Socialist Party. 1920 Elections were held in the U.S. and in Puerto Rico. Republican Warren G. Harding won the presidency, and he appointed Montgomery Reily as Governor. In Puerto Rico, the Socialist party obtained a majority in the local legislature. 1921 In his inauguration speech, Governor Reily declared that the U.S. was against independence or autonomy, and he started a campaign against the Union Party. 1922 The result of the 1920 Puerto Rican elections gave way to a new political order. The Union Party became the Alliance Party, which was more moderate and began to favor the idea

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of Puerto Rico becoming a U.S. Commonwealth. In turn, the Republicans made alliances with the Socialist Party and founded a new party called Coalicin (Coalition).

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Appendix: Collection Pages and Selected Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC)/UF Digital Collections (UFDC) Functionalities & Features Collection Page in UFDC for the Florida Digital Newspaper Library http://ufdc.ufl.edu/newspapers Usage statistics for top titles: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/fdnl1/usage/titles Usage statistics overall: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/fdnl1/usage/views Over 1 million views each month in 2012. More than 25 million total views. All titles included: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/fdnl1/all/table

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Collection Page in the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) for the Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library http://dloc.com/cndl Usage statistics and top titles: http://dloc.com/cndl/usage/titles El Mundo from Puerto Rico is the second-most popular title with 369,861 views to date. Usage statistics overall: http://dloc.com/usage/views Over 175,000 views each month in 2012. More than 4 million total views. All titles included: http://dloc.com/cndl/all/table

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UF Digital Collections Main Page http://ufdc.ufl.edu Usage statistics and top titles: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/usage/titles Usage statistics overall: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/stats/usage Over 3 million views each month in 2012. More than 84 million to tal views.

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Collection Page for the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) http://dloc.com/ Usage statistics and top titles: http://dloc.com/usage/titles Usage statistics overall: http://dloc.com/usage/views Over 685,000 views each month in 2012. More than 17 million views since project start in 2006. All titles included: http://dloc.com/all/table

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Selected dLOC/UFDC Functionalities & Features Map Interface http://ufdc.ufl.edu/fdnl1/geography/ In addition to searching and browsing the full list of titles and issues (by bibliographic information as well as by thumbnail images of the covers), users can also browse by a mapped view for the Florida Digital Newspaper Library, as shown in the screenshot below.

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Selected dLOC/UFDC Functionalities & Features SobekCM Digital Library Software The University of Florida Digital Collections (UFDC; www.ufdc.ufl.edu ) and the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC; www.dloc.com ), as well as all collections within each, are supported using the SobekCM software. SobekCM ( http://ufdc.ufl.edu/sobekcm ) was designed to ensure permanent access to and preservation of materials, within a system that is always current for web standards and user needs. SobekCM was also designed with specific supports for digital scholarship, including support for scholarly projects and programs with scholar curated collections and online exhibits. SobekCM provides a number of features to support reporting and measurement. Monthly usage statistics are tracked and available online for all materials at the item, title, and collection levels (usage statistics). These are analyzed to ensure usage and promotion of materials. An annual usability study is conducted to ensure optimal usability of all materials. Further analysis on impact is conducted on different collections on a rotating basis to ensure maximum usage and impact for all materials. In addition to Digital Scholarship Lifecycle Support, the SobekCM system (which powers the UF Digital Collections and Digital Library of the Caribbean) has been designed to support wide public access of all materials and collections. When used by the National Science Foundation (NSF), "Broader Impacts" has a specific intent which is explained by NSF. The University of Florida's Office of Research also has a helpful guide for "Broader Impacts." NSF's definition is social and technical and spans many types of activities. The SobekCM system addresses several elements of "Broader Impacts" specifically in regards to the wide dissemination of materials because SobekCM is a preservation and access repository, ensuring longterm access to materials, and because SobekCM is optimized for search engine indexing to ensure maximum findability. Further, SobekCM frames materials within aggregations or collections to provide the context necessary for understanding the materials once located. Many programs and projects supported by SobekCM create additional materials to increase impact, including lesson plans and teaching materials, as well as direct integration with scholarly research and teaching. While these leverage the technical capacities of SobekCM, these are social supports that are implemented by the specific program and project groups. Digital Preservation The University of Florida Libraries are committed to long-term digital preservation of all materials in the UF Digital Collections, including the IR@UF, and in UF-supported collaborative projects as with the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC). Redundant digital archives, adherence to proven standards, and rigorous quality control methods protect digital objects. The UF Digital Collections provide a comprehensive approach to digital preservation, including technical supports, reference services for both online and offline archived files, and support services by providing training and consultation for digitization standards for long-term digital preservation.

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The UF Libraries support locally created digital resources, including the UF Digital Collections which contains over 200,000 digital objects with over 20 million files (as of September 2011). The UF Libraries create METS/MODS metadata for all materials. Citation information for each digital object is also automatically transformed into MARCXML and Dublin Core. These records are widely distributed through library networks and through search engine optimization to ensure broad public access to all online materials. In practice consistent for all digital projects and materials supported by the UF Libraries, redundant copies are maintained for all online and offline files. The digital archive is maintained as the Florida Digital Archive (FDA) (http://fclaweb.fcla.edu/fda) which was completed in 2005 and is available at no the widely accepted Open Archival Information System. It is a dark archive and no public access functions are provided. It supports the preservation functions of format normalization, mass format migration and migration on request. As items are processed into the UF Digital Collections (UFDC) for public access, a command in the METS header directs a copy of the files to the Florida Digital Archive (FDA). The process of forwarding original r the long term. If items are not directed to load for public access, they do not load online and are instead loaded directly to the FDA.

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Selected dLOC/UFDC Functionalities & Features myDLOC and myUFDC Partner Tools, Online Self Submittal : dLOC Quick Guide to Submitting Materials Logging In : Go to: www.dloc.com myDLOC http://dloc.com/my ) link in the top left. Log in: If you have a Gatorlink username (University of Florida), use Gatorlink username and password. If you do not have a Gatorlink username, click the Register now ( http://dloc.com/my/preferences ) link to register Submitting your materials: To submit a new publication, click on start a new item. Read the terms and conditions of our user agreement. If you would still like to submit your item, click on continue. Enter information about your material in the appropriate field. You are automatically listed as the creator of the item, but you may list additional authors by clicking on the plus sign to the right of the field. Any field with a plus sign to the right of the field may have multiple entries for that particular field. When you are done, click on the save button. Add files by clicking on the browse button to locate the file that corresponds to the information that you just entered on the previous screen. After selecting the appropriate file, click on the upload file button. The name of the file you chose to upload will appear under Attached Files. If you would like to add supplementary files for this title, browse and upload once more for each additional file. When you are done, click on the save button. Now you may review your material. If you submitted a PDF, it is immediately visible via our PDF viewer. Other types of files are available by download only. To review the information about your material, cli ck on the citation tab near the top of the page. If you would like to edit the information, click on the link to the right of the corresponding section heading, change the text, and click on the save button. Editing your preferences: To set your myDLOC p references, first log in. Once logged in, set your preferences by clicking on the "Edit my preferences link" or the "My Preferences" tab in myDLOC. To edit the information about your materials, follow these steps: Contact us ( http://dloc.com/l/contact/dloc1 ) or follow these steps: Log in Click on "View all my submitted items" Click on the item you want to edit Click on the citation tab Click "edit this item" Edit the metadata for the item.

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PATRICK J. REAKES 6821 S.W. 80 th Drive Gainesville, Florida 32608 Telephone: 352-514-4949 e-mail: pjr@uflib.ufl.edu EDUCATION Research Libraries Leadership Fellow, Association of Research Libraries 2009-2010 M.S. Library and Information Studies, Florida State University August 1998 General Motors Dealership Management Development School February 1989 B.S. Public Relations, University of Florida May 1985 LIBRARY AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPERIENCE U NIVERSITY OF F LORIDA Gainesville, Florida Chair, Humanities & Social Sciences Library 2010present Chair, Departmental Libraries 20082010 Head, Neuharth Library 2001 2010 F LORIDA C OASTAL S CHOOL OF L AW Jacksonville, Florida Librarian/Adjunct Faculty 1999 2001 F LORIDA S TATE U NIVERSITY Gainesville, Florida Reference Librarian/Instructor (acting Business Librarian) 1998 1999 SELECTED PUBLICATIONS Guide to Reference 12th edition (2008), published by ALA Editions (American Library Association), Fields: Communication and Media Studies A Grassroots Initiative to Facilitate Historical Research: The Florida Journalism History Project Patrick Reakes, Marilyn Ochoa. Technical Services Quarterly, Vol. 25 no. 2 (2007). (Invited) An Exploration of the Working Relationship Between Systems/IT and Reference/Information Services Staff in an Academic Library Setting. Committees of RUSA (alpha order): Bryna Coonin, Cynthia Crosser, Megan Johnson, Barbara La-Godna, Chris LeBeau, Naomi Lederer, Marilyn Ochoa (Intern), Patrick Reakes, Robert Withers, Julienne Wood. Reference and User Services Quarterly, Vol. 46 no. 4 (2007). Application of Reference Guidelines in Chat Reference Interactions: A Study of Online Reference Skills. Jana Ronan, Patrick Reakes, Marilyn Ochoa. College & Undergraduate Libraries, Vol. 13 no. 4 (2006). (Invited) Information Technology & Information Literacy in Journalism-Mass Communication Libraries: A Survey. Patrick Reakes, Barbara Semonche, Fred Thomsen. (Peer reviewed conference paper) Association of Education in Journalism and Mass Communication Annual Conference, 2006.

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Evaluating Online Real-time Reference in an Academic Library: Obstacles and Recommendations. Jana Ronan, Patrick Reakes, Gary Cornwell. Reference Librarian, no.79/80, 2002/2003: 225-240. (Invited) SELECTED PRESENTATIONS AND ACTIVITIES The Florida Digital Newspaper Library. Laurie Taylor and Patrick Reakes (Webinar). Tampa Bay Library Consortium 2012. ARL Profiles: Emerging Themes. Association of Research Libraries Membership Meeting, Statistics and Assessment Committee (co-presenter). October, 2010 News Beyond Newsprint: Considering the User Patrick Reakes. (Invited Speaker) Center for Research Vi tal Signs: A Survey of Libraries Supporting Journalism and Mass Communication Education. Patrick Reakes, Barbara Semonche, Fred Thomsen. (Poster session) American Library Association Annual Conference, 2007. Finding the Fourth Estate: New Ways of Facilitating Historical Research. Patrick Reakes, Marilyn Ochoa. (Poster session) American Library Association Annual Conference, 2006. SELECTED PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS Center for Research Libraries: World Newspaper Archive Advisory Board, 2011-present. American Association of Education in Journalism and Mass Communication History Division, 2001-present. Newspaper Division, 2007-present. American Library Association Library Leadership and Management Association Library Organization and Management Section, 2008-present. Reference and User Services Association Business Reference and Services Section, 2001-present. Collection Development and Evaluation Section, 2004-present. Machine Assisted Reference Section, 2001present. Association of College and Research Libraries Education and Behavioral Sciences Section Communication Studies Committee (founding member), 2002-2006.

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Margarita Vargas-Betancourt Department of Special and Area Studies Collections web.uflib.ufl.edu 405 Smathers Library mvargasb@ufl.edu P.O. Box 117009 352.273.2692 University of Florida Gainesville, FL 32611-7009 WORK EXPERIENCE Caribbean Basin Librarian Assistant Librarian, Department of Special and Area Studies Collections, University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries, September 2011-present. Develop and manage collections and activities related to the Caribbean Basin region and to other Latin American countries ; process archival and other materials, promote awareness of and access to these collections, provide direct assistance to patrons within and outside the university. Other duties include the identification of relevant primary source collections and materials, development for the acquisition, processing, and digitization of these materials, supervision of staff and students involved in processing, creation and actualization of finding with other library personnel to locate and obtain funding for the support of the Caribbean Basin collection. In addition, collaborate with the Head of the Latin American Collection. Instructor Social Sciences Department, Marymount School, Cuernavaca, Mexico, January 2009-July 2010. Developed and taught the courses in World History and Latin American Studies to classes of juniors and seniors. Instructor Department of Latin American Studies, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, August 2003May 2005. Assisted in the departmental development of the course, Introduction to Latin American Studies, for the Stone Center for Latin American Studies and taught the class to undergraduate students. Assistant to the Curator of Special Collections Latin American Library, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, August 2002-May 2007. Assisted in the organization and processing of the Puebla Notarial Documents, a series of colonial documents relating to Puebla, a major city in central Mexico. EDUCATION Ph.D. candidate in Latin American Studies, Tulane University, 2006. MA in Latin American Studies, Tulane University, 2003. BA in Hispanic Language and Literature, National Autonomous University of Mexico, 2000. PUBLICATIONS es-MX Vargas In The Legacy of Mesoamerican Ancestors:Archaeological Heritage in and beyond Contemporary Mexico ,edited by David S. Anderson, Dylan J. Clark, and J. Heath Anderson. Archaeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association (Forthcoming). Vargas Nuevo Mundo Mundos Nuevos Debates, 2011. Online. Mondes Amricains, Socits, Circulations, Pouvoirs

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( http://nuevomundo.revues.org/60635 ) es-MX Los indios y las ciudades de la Nueva Espaa, edited by Felipe Castro Gutirrez. Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico, Instituto de Investigaciones Histricas, 2010. VargasPopol Vuh and Catholic Mythol Human Mosaic 35, no. 1 (2004): 41 49. es-MX Nuevo Mundo Mundos Nuevos, Gua del investigador americanista, 2009. Online. Mondes Amricains, Soci Sociales. ( http://nuevomundo.revues.org/index56972.html ) VargasAnales de Tepoztln Online. Sonoma University website. es-MX (es-MX http://www.sonoma.edu/Anthropology/wahrhaftig/Vargaslegend.html ) Vargas-Betancour Anales de Tepoztln. Online. Sonoma University website. ( http://www.sonoma.edu/Anthropology/wahrhaftig/cosmology.html ) RECENT PRESENTATIONS es-MX November 20, 2012 Sesin 2: Organizacin; preservacin y seguridad; descripcin y bsqueda; promocin y marketing atalie Baur (University of Miami) on behalf of the Department of State (U.S. Embassy, Per) to Latin American librarians, professors, and students related to Information Sciences. November 8, 2012 ghts at the Harn Museum, University of Florida. es-MX October 24, 2012 presented with Natalie Baur (University of Miami) on behalf of the Department of State (U.S. Embassy, Per) to Latin American librarians, professors, and students related to Information Sciences. March 29, 2012 presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Council of Latin American Studies, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida. January 8, 2012 ntiago Tlatelolco and Azcapotzalco in the Late Association, Chicago, Illinois.

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Education Bachelor of Arts University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida Major: English e xpected graduation May 2013 Associate of Arts Santa Fe Community College, Gainesville, Florida Computer Skills Working knowledge of Adobe Photoshop Microsoft Office Products: Access Excel Outlook PowerPoint Publisher Word Experience in HTML web desi gn: Front Page HTML Kit Languages Intermediate Portuguese Basic French Basic Spanish William H. Canova wcanova@uflib.ufl.edu Objective To provide the opportunity to make a strong contribution to orga nizational goals through continued development of professional skills. Work Experience Newspaper Projects/Periodicals Coordinator (Library Associate II) Digital Library Center/Florida Digital Newspaper Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida Gainesville, Florida July 2005 Present Responsible for all phases of Florida newspaper digitization: Hiring, training, scheduling and daily supervision of both full and part time employees. Revising existing workflows and establishing new ones for various projects and grants. Interacting with other micropublishers and vendors, including spending $250,000 to 400,000 per year on in house and outsourced projects, placing orders for services and processing invoices. Monitor collation, preparation a nd queuing of 150 domestic and international newspapers for digitization. Oversee the batch processing and color correction of files using Adobe Photoshop. Supervise Quality Control procedures on digital newspaper images. Creating and updating web based do cumentation of work flow and procedures. Keeping current on procedures related to digital imaging and quality review of images produced. Microfilm Section Supervisor (Program Assistant) Preservation Department, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida Gainesville, Florida

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September 2003 June 2005 Responsible for all phases of microfilming: Hiring, training, scheduling and daily supervision of 12 employees. Revising existing workflows and establishing new ones for various projects and grants. Interacting with other micropublishers and vendors, including spending $125,000 to 200,000 per year on in house and outsourced projects, placing orders for services and processing invoices. Monitor collation, preparation and queuing of printed materials f or microfilming. Oversee the chemical processing of daily production of unexposed microfilm reels. Supervise Quality Control procedures on microfilm camera masters produced by the University of Florida. Administer the duplication and storage of microfilm c amera and print masters produced by and for the University of Florida. Compiling monthly and annual production statistics. Creating and updating web based documentation of work flow and procedures. William H. Canova page 2 Sales and Distribution Manager (Senior LTA) Preservation Department, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida Gainesville, Florida February 2000 September 2003 Responsible for all ph ases of distribution and sales of University of Florida produced microfilm: Hired, trained, scheduled and supervised 4 employees. Supervised inspection, sorting, packing and shipping of microfilm sales items. Monitored storage of microfilm camera and print masters produced by and for the University of Florida. Prepared orders for positive reels from

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microfilm duplication vendors and shipped completed orders to patrons and initiated invoicing procedures. Performed investigation of sales requests to determine viability and responded accordingly. Created and maintained specialized sales related databases. Designed wrote and maintained specialized distribution and sales related web pages. Animal Care Technician The Gourmet Rodent Gainesville, Florida September 1997 February 2000 Responsible for daily care of reptiles and rodents: Fed and watered reptiles and rodents. Performed customer service duties including: Answering telephones, taking orders, processing payments, preparing shipments for UPS pick up, deliv ering local orders, and building construction and maintenance. Scientific Lab Technician Plant Pathology Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida Gainesville, Florida June 1996 July 1998 Responsible for all phases o f Plant Pathology research: General laboratory work. Miscellaneous greenhouse duties. Varied statewide field work assignments. Data collection and interpretation. Maintained specialized Plant Pathology databases. References upon request

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Anita Lambert 35 2-273-2830 anilamb@uflib.ufl.edu Professional Experience Library Assistant II, Digital Services and Shared Collections Dept., George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL ( September 2004-present) Perform quality control and inventory on all preservation microfilm as the microfilm specialist for Preservation Services. Repair monographs and bind pamphlets in Conservation Services. Library Assistant, Palm Beach Community College Library, Palm Beach Community College, Lake Worth FL ( May 1987-May 2002) Managed the course reserves program, working closely with faculty and patrons to assure access to materials. Maintained microfilm collection and assisted patrons in its use. Provided customer service at the Circulation desk, aiding students in finding the appropriate materials for their topic, charging and discharging items, and shelving returned materials. Education Palm Beach Community College, Lake Worth, FL Coursework in Business Management with emphasis on accounting and finance.

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Marilyn N. Ochoa WORK EXPERIENC E UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, Gainesville, Florida Assistant Head, Education Library 2007present Share responsibility with the Head Librarian with regard to staffing issues, program development, innovative service initiatives, facility management, budgetary oversight, and outreach initiatives. Supervise interns. Provide research consultations for the College of Education (COE) and affiliated programs. Coordinate an active library instruction program for departments of the COE and affiliated programs in traditional, blended and online formats. Teach undergraduate interdisciplinary honors research class (1-credit course Spring 2010 and Spring 2011, 3-credit course Spring 2008). Researched information literacy instruction trends for education graduate students (AY 2011-2012 sabbatical). Collaborate with the COE faculty, students and staff. Maintain library presence/content on the Education Library course management system. Build specialized collections for research and instructional needs in special education, counselor education, educational psychology, teaching and learning, and educational policy and administration. Review Dewey collection for reclassification; maintain reference collection; evaluate gift donations. Evaluate digital services and resources with library-wide implications. Serve as the public services liaison to the ability testing and assessment processes. Hire and supervise grant staff as necessary. UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, Gainesville, Florida Reference/Digital Services Librarian, Humanities and Social Sciences (H&SS) Department 2003-2007 Referen ce Librarian, H&SS Department 2001-2003 EDUCATION BA in Political Science and English La Salle University May 1998 MLIS in Library and Information Sciences University of Pittsburgh August 2001 SELECTED PUBLICATIONS Ochoa, Marilyn N. and Tom Caswell. SPEC Kit 328Collaborative Teaching & Learning Tools. (2012). Washington, D.C.: Association of Research Libraries, Office of Leadership and Management Services. Kumar, Swapna, Marilyn N. Ochoa and Mary Edwards Communications in Information Literacy 6.1 (2012): 91-106. -Commercial Digital N Internet Reference Services Quarterly 14.3&4 (2009): 92-113. -centric model for technology development in collaborative digitization p OCLC Systems & Services: International Digital Library Perspectives. 25.4 (2009): 249-262. SPEECHES AND PRESENTATIONS Presentations (with Proceedings) Ochoa, Marilyn. Roundtable tandards to Support Teacher March 2013. Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education Conference, New Orleans, LA. Whittier, David, Marilyn N. Ochoa, Robert Plants, and From Dutiful to Enlightened: Developing a Next Generation Course in Digital Citizenship March 2013. Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education Conference, New Orleans, LA. -Centered Library Instruction: An Assessment of Online 20, 2011. E-Learn 2011: World Conference on ELearning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, Honolulu, HI. Also published in Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2011 (pp. 2002-2009). Chesapeake, VA: AACE. Outstanding paper award.

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-Centered Approach to Improve Electron (ACURIL), XXXVIII Conference, Montego Bay, Jamaica. (Invited) Poster Sessions Collaborating for Online Student Success: A Librarian-Faculty Partnership June 24, 2012. American Library Association Annual Conference, Washington, D.C. Loving, Matt, Marilyn Ochoa, Patrick Reakes, Colleen Seale, and Naomi Young Historical Southe Conference, Washington, D.C. July 13, 2009. Annual American Library Association Conference, Chicago, IL. 25, 2006. American Library Association, Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA. SELECTED CREATIVE WORKS Digitization, Grant, and Usability Activities Developing a UFDC Teacher Resources Collection UF Libraries Grant, November 2012-present Principal Investigator. This project aims to increase visibility and use of University of Fl orida Digital Collections (UFDC) content by building a collection of teacher resources for the K12 classroom. Plan and produce training modules for finding and using copyright free UFDC content, create templates of educational resources (e.g. lesson plans and thematic units) that use the digital content, develop a customized collection database, and establish policies and contribution tools to maintain and grow the collection. Catalog of Digital Historical Newspapers UF Libraries Grant, 2010, Team Member, 5% Cost Share. The Catalog of Digital Historical Newspapers (NewspaperCat) facilitates the discovery of online digitized historical newspaper content from newspapers published in the United States and the Caribbean. NewspaperCat currently links to over 1000 full-text newspaper titles with a goal to include links to as many US and Caribbean newspapers with archival digital content as possible. Hired and supervised grant assistant for marketing. URL: http :// newspapercat org National Digital Newspapers Program, Florida Newspapers 1900-1910 National Endowment for the Humanitie s Grant, 2005-2008, Content Usability Consultant, Assessment Team, 5% Cost Share. Newspapers digitized by this project are Led assessment by designing an d conducting surveys of user attitudes and research methods, and assess ed interface functionality to facilitate use Report (FDNL): http :// www uflib ufl edu/ UFDC /? g = all & b= UF 00083039& v =00001 (April 30, 2008) Report: (CA) http :// www uflib ufl edu/ UFDC /? g = all & b= UF 00083037& v =00001 (April 30, 2008) SELECTED NATIONAL MEMBERSHIP AND SERVICE Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education Member, 2011-present e-Learn Conference Reviewer, 2011, 2012 Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) American Library Association, Member, 2002-present Board of Directors, Director at Large, July 2012-present (elected by 63% of vote) Reference and User Services Association (RUSA) American Library Association, Member, 2003-present Access to Information Committee, Chair, 2011-2012, Co-Chair, 2012-present Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education Information Literacy Education SIG, Chair, 2011-present

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Jane Pen Digital Services and Shared Collections PO Box 117003 Gainesville, FL 32611 3522732912 jpen@uflib.ufl.edu EDUCATION 1998-present : Santa Fe College, Gainesville, Florida AS in Computer Information Technology; Spring 2002 1979-1983: Tamkang University, Taipei, Taiwan BA in Educational Media and Library Science EMPLOYMENT 2004-present: Quality Control Unit Head Digital Services, Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida Oversee the Quality Control Unit to ensure the quality, consistency, and completeness of digital products, including textual, visual, and structural metadata contents. Supervise and train student assistants working in the Quality Control Unit. Help streamline processes to assure highest quality and rapid throughput of digitizing products. 2001-2004: Imaging Unit Assistant Digital Services Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida Assisted Imaging unit head reviewing and assuring the scanning process and image production meet the prescribed acceptable quality. 1997-2001: Library Assistant Alachua County Library District, Gainesville, Florida Assisted patrons with information inquiry, resolved account problems and customer services functions, using SIRSI system. Served as office equipment maintenance point person. 1996-1997: Library Reference Assistant Schaumburg High School, Schaumburg, Illinois Assisted students/classes with reference inquiry/instruction, helped media center director with material processing, and assisted computer lab manager with equipment maintenance. 1988-1996: Cataloger Follett Library Resources Co., McHenry, Illinois Performed duties to catalog K-12 materials in accordance with standard library cataloging practices and to assist school librarians and other customers with cataloging related questions. Reduced production cost of over $5,000 per budget year by streamlining workflow and organizing presentation facility. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION UF Supervisory Challenge certificate 2006 MOUS certificate in Microsoft Excel 2000

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Ra ndall Re nner re nner@ufl.edu Educa ti on Univers it y of Florida, Gai nes vi lle, Flori da. M as t er of Fi ne Arts Degr ee in Creative P ho t ography. Fl or i da State University Ta ll ahassee, Florida. Bach el or of Fi ne Arts Degr ee in Photography; cum la ude E mp loyment Univers it y of Flori da Libraries, Digital Library C en ter. Produc ti on Manager, Library Associate 3 Supervisi on of daily operations of t he Digital Library Center in cl udin g bib liog raphic c ontr ol i maging, q ua lity con tr ol, opt ic al character r ec ognition, and archiving. Unive rs it y of Florida, O ffi ce of Academic T ech nol og y. P ho tographer Responsible for implementati on and da ily operati on of digital imaging services fo r t he cam pus wi de phot ographic se rvice bu r ea u; i nc luding equipment specifi ca tion, int eg ration, pr od uction, a nd q ua lity con tr ol Respo ns ib iliti es a ls o in cluded photograph in g museum and li brary co llec tio ns in a st ud io en vir on ment and on location. Other duti es i nc luded tr aditional black and white photographic printi ng and processing, E-6 proce ssing and maint enance, and othe r tech ni cal phot ographic processes. Univers it y of Florida, O ffi ce of Academic T ech nol og y Ce nter for Instructional Technology and T ra ini ng. T ra ini ng Specia li st Respo ns ible for con du cti ng traini ng se mi na rs of so ft ware programs to faculty and sta ff This i nc luded de vel op ment o f g r aph ic so ft war e tr aini ng programs, and devel op ment of t he Instr uctional Computi ng Activit ie s Training Program Vario us semi nar content i nc luded: Digital M edi a, Web Si te De ve lo pm en t, P ho tosho p, Web Gr aphics, Digit al V id eo, Acr ob at, and T he E ff ective U se of Lapt op s. Univers it y of Florida, Depart me nt of A rt and A rt Hist or y. Adjunct Assistant Professor Respo ns ible for cu rriculum devel op m en t in struct io n, and eval uati on of t he undergraduate digital arts class, Comput er Art : M ontag e. Univers it y of Flori da Brain I ns t it ute Teachi ng Lab Resources. Audio Visual S pe cialist M ana gement o f multim edia and classroom support activiti es within t he Brain Institute ; i nc l ud i ng multim edia auditorium, conference r ooms, opt ic al audio/vid eo bu il ding distr ib ut io n, Surgical Research and Traini ng Lab and teleconfer enc i ng equipm en t.

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Univers it y of Florida, Biomedical Media Services, P hotography /Graphi cs De part me nt s. P ho tographer Responsib iliti es i nc luded t he de sign and creati on of photographic and graphic m ed ia inclu d in g images, text, charts, and gr ap hs. The processing p rinting and digit al tr an sfer of biomedi ca l, scientific, and pub lic relations subjects in both f ilm based and digita lly g enerat ed fo rm ats fo r teaching research, pub licati on and di sp lay. Univers it y of Florida, Depart me nt of Art Gai nes vill e, Florida. Graduate Teachi ng Assistan t Respo ns ible for curricul um de vel opm en t in struct io n, and eval ua ti on of undergraduate phot og raphy courses in t he Fine A rt s depar tm ent C ourses taught i nc luded B la ck a nd White P hotography F igure/Ground, and Image/Or de r /I dea. Fl or i da State University, Department of Art Ta llahassee, Florida. Col or Da rkroom Manag er D es igned, supervised and maintained t he art departm en t s col or darkroom f ac ility co nsist in g o f a photographic st ud i o, a 10 workstati on color darkroom, and Durst RC P50 processor.

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LAURIE N. TAYLOR Digital Humanities Librarian, Scholarly Resources & Research Services George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida ADDRESS: George A. Smathers Libraries TEL: 352.273.2902 P.O. Box 117000 EMAIL: Laurien@ufl.edu University of Florida Gainesville, FL 32611-7000 EDUCATION Ph.D. 2006 University of Florida, English/Digital Humanities RECENT POSITIONS HELD 2012 Digital Humanities Librarian Scholarly Resources & Research Services, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida 2011 2012 Digital Humanities Librarian, Digital Library Center/Digital Services & Shared Collections George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida 2008 2011 Interim Director, Digital Library Center, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida 2007 2008 Digital Projects Librarian, Digital Library Center, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS Technical Director, Digital Library of the Caribbean & Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library Technical Director, Florida Digital Newspaper Library Contributing Editor, Archive Journal ( http://archivejournal.net/ ) Editorial Board Member International Journal of Gaming and Computer-Mediated Simulations Representative, Delegate Assembly of the Modern Language Association Member, American Library Association RECENT AWARDS, FELLOWSHIPS, AND GRANTS Digital Humanities Collaboration (UF Faculty Enhancement Opportunity Grant; 2012) Digital Library of the Caribbean, Digital Scholarship and Scholar Support from Florida International University (FIU) Libraries (FIU Technology Fee Grant; 2011-2013) Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library (Department of Education; 2009-2014) America's Swamp: the Historical Everglades (National Historic Publications and Records Commissions, 2009-2011) PUBLICATIONS Selected Refereed Publications "Florida Digital Newspaper Library: Library and Publisher Partnerships for Access and Preservation," co-authored with Lois J. Widmer and Mark V. Sullivan. Florida Libraries (Fall 2012: 55/2), 15-17: < http://www.flalib.org/fl_lib_journal/Fall2012.pdf >. -authored with Rebecca Jefferson and Lourdes Santamaria-Wheeler. Journal of Electronic Resources Librarianship 24.3 (2012: 177-188): < http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1941126X.2012.706109 >. Access to Agricultural Publications Using Digital Repositories and the Semantic Web, co -authored with Val Davis, Stephen Williams, Dina Benson, Sara Russell Gonzalez,

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and Mark Sullivan. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Digital Libraries 2010. < http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00000077/00001 >. "Developing an Open Access, Multi-Institutional, International Digital Library," co -authored with Brooke Wooldridge and Mark Sullivan. Resource Sharing & Information Networks 2009. < http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00004150/00001 >. "Gothic Bloodlines in Survival Horror Gaming," Horror Video Games: Essays on the Fusion of Fear and Play. Ed. Bernard Perron. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2009: 46-61. "Snow White in the City: Teaching Fables, Nursery Rhymes, and Revisions in Graphic Novels," in Approaches to Teaching the Graphic Novel. Ed. Stephen E Tabachnick. New York: MLA, 2009. Playing the Past: Video Games, History, and Memory, co -edited with Zach Whalen. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press, 2008. "Bioactive," in Gaming in Academic Libraries Casebook, co au thored with Sara Russell Gonzalez, Valrie Davis, Carrie Newsom, Chelsea Dinsmore, Cynthia Frey, and Kathryn Kennedy. Ed. Amy Harris and Scott Rice. ACRL, 2008. "Gaming Ethics, Rules, Etiquette and Learning." Handbook of Research on Effective Electronic Gaming in Education. Ed. Richard E. Ferdig. Information Science Reference, 2008. "Console Wars: Console and Computer Games," in The Player's Realm: Studies on the Culture of Video Games and Gaming. Eds. J. Patrick Williams and Jonas Heide Smith. Jefferson, NC: McFarland Press, 2007: 223-237. fr-FR "Cameras, Radios, and Butterflies: the Influence and Importance of Fan Networks for Game Studies." Fibreculture Journal 8 (2006). "Gaming's Non-Digital Predecessors," collaboratively written with Cathlena Martin, in Th e International Digital Media & Arts Association Journal 2.1 (Spring 2005): 25-29. "Open Source and Academia," co-authored with Brendan Riley, in Computers and Composition Online (Spring 2004): http://www.bgsu.edu/cconline/tayloriley/intro.html. "When Seams Fall Apart: Video Game Space and the Player," in Game Studies: the International Journal of Computer Game Research 3.2 (Dec. 2003): < http://www.gamestudies.org/0302/taylor/ > SELECTED PRESENTATIONS Humanities And Technology Camp) Caribe Conference, Mayagez, Puerto Rico: Nov. 11-14, 2012. "The Role of Digital Libraries in Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation," presentation with Brooke Wooldridge. Association of Caribbean University, Research and Institutional Libraries (ACURIL) 2011 Conference, Tampa, FL: Jun. 1, 2011. s Libraries Publishing Services, presentation with Isabel Silver. Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) Library Publishing Services Workshop, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA: May 5, 2011. "Practical Steps Towards Your Local and/or Regional Digitalisation Project," at the Seminar for Libraries of the Dutch Caribbean Curaao, University of the Netherlands Antilles. Willemstad, Curaao: September 25-6, 2008. Committee, The College of The Bahamas, Nassau, Bahamas: Mar. 3, 2008.

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Lois J. Widmer Chair, Digital Services and Shared Collections Associate University Librarian George A. Smathers Libraries,University of Florida lwidmer@ufl.edu ; 352.273.2916 Professional Experience 2011 present Chair, Digital Services and Shared Collections / Associate University Librarian, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL Leads the Digital Library Center, Preservation Services, Auxiliary Library Facility, and development of the statewide shared print collection to assure preservation and access in digital and analog formats. 2005 2011. Associate Director for E-Research Support, Library and Technology Services, Brandeis University Waltham, MA Responsible for institutional repository, scholarly communications and Open Access initiatives, and electronic resources licensing Served on the Boston Library Consortium Board of Directors. 2003-2005. Manager Gerstenzang Science Library, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA Ma naged planning and daily operations, managed $1.3 million acquisitions budget, served on the 2001-2003. User Services Librarian, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, NC, Conducted technology assessments and implementations; served as team leader for interagency Digital Reference Work Group of the US Health and Human Services Libraries Consortium,; implemented local virtual reference service. 1995 2001. Director, Information Services, Center for Transportation and the Environment, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, Created and directed a federally funded information service for state departments of transportation and established feeba sed information service for the corporate sector. 1993-1995. Supervisor of Audiovisuals and Informatics Department/Assistant Professor, Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, Supervised staff of twenty technicians and students; developed audiovisual, software, and electronic resources collections; provided technical consultation to regional network of medical centers. Education Graduate Certificate Digital Information Management, University of Arizona,2011. Graduate Certificate, Management of Projects and Programs, Rabb Graduate School of Continuing Education, Brandeis University, 2007. Harvard ACRL Leadership Institute, 2004. M.S., Library Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill B.A., Spanish Elizabethtown College, PA and Universidad Central de Barcelona, Spain

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Current Professional Service Chair, Statewide Storage Task Force, Council of State University Libraries, Florida, 2011Member, Digital Initiatives and Service Committee Council of State University Libraries, Florida, 2011Co -chair, Program Managers Group and Member, Program Planning Committee, Digital Library Forum (DLF), 2011Selected Publications and Presentations Support New Roles of the 21 st Member Meeting, Dec. 10, 2012. y and Florida Libraries 55:2 (Fall 2012), pps.15 17. Widmer, Lois J. Taylor, Laurie N. Santamaria-Wheeler, Lourdes Stewardship and Preservation poster at Digital Preservation 2012 Conference (2nd Annual NDIIPP-NDSA Digital Preservation Partners Meeting) July 2012, Washington, DC., (http:// www.ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00010977/00002 ). Partnering for Evidencepresentation at Computers in Libraries, March 22, 2012. ulty, Student, Library and Technology Services Collaboration: at Mid-Atlantic Digital Libraries Conference, July 9, 2008. Vida, Linda and Lois J. Wid Using the Engineering Literature (B. Osif, Editor), New York: Routledge, 2006.

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Naomi Kietzke Young Principal Serials Cataloger George A. Smathers Libraries Cataloging & Metadata Dept. PO Box 117004 Gainesville, FL 326 11 -7004 naomi@uflib.ufl.edu 352 2732734 Work Experience: University of Florida, Cataloging & Metadata Dept., July 2004present: Principal Serials Cataloger; Resource Services Dept., Feb. 2000-June 2004: Hired as Serials Cataloger; became Head, Serials Cataloging Unit. Responsible for overseeing continuing resources cataloging in all subjects and in all formats. Trains department, division, and branch library staff in the policies and procedures related to continuing resources cataloging, holdings creation and maintenance, and processing. Provides original and upgrades/enhances copy cataloging using AACR2 and LC classification and subject headings according to University of Florida (UF) cataloging policies, BIBCO and CONSER guidelines, and establishes authoritative forms of names using NACO standards. Oversees creation and maintenance of holdings records according to UF implementation of MARC Format for Holdings and Locations (MFHL); maintains the loading of holding records into the OCLC Local Holdings database. Works with State University Libraries, library, and departmental committees to represent serials cataloging interests and information. Serves 2-4 hours/week on Ask a Librarian (chat-based reference service) and 1-2 hours/week at the Library West (humanities and social sciences library) Research Assistance Desk. Southern Methodist University, Central University Libraries, Mar. 1998-Jan. 2000: Instructional Services Librarian, Periodicals and Microform s. Northern Arizona University, Cline Library, Bibliographic Services, Jan. 1997-Feb. 1998: Serials Catalog Librarian. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Davis Library, Serials Cataloging, Dec. 1991-Jan. 1997: Serials Cataloger, LTA I; Sept. 1991-Dec. 1991: Student Assistant; Sept. 1989-Sept. 1991: Graduate Assistant. Anacortes School District #103, Nov. 1984-June 1989 Secondary Special Education Teacher. Rank: Associate University Librarian, tenured, effective July 1, 2008. Education: BA Ed. in Special Education, Central Washington University, 1984 MS in Library Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 1994

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Languages: Portuguese, Italian (reading fluency); German, Dutch (cataloging fluency); Greek (can transliterate) Selected Publications: Library Collections, Acquisitions, & Technical Services v. 28 (2002) p. 167171. rThe Serials Librarian v.45 (2004), p. 37-42. "Formal Serials Education: A Problem We Can't Solve, or a Solution We Can Live With?" Serials Review v. 31, no. 2 (2005) p. 8289. Newspaper Classification: an Expansion of the Library of Congress "A" Classification to Accommodate International Newspapers. 2011. http://www.nasig.org/files//PUBPR_NASIGGuide_2011_ClassifyingNewspapers.pdf Journal of Library Metadata, v. 12 no. 2/3 (2012), p. 188-198. Selected Papers, Speeches, Presentations: Workshop, NASIG Annual Conference, Trinity University, May 25, 2001, San Antonio, TX "Aggregator-Neutral Records vs. the Digital Library Federation," discussion paper presented at the CONSER Operations Committee, May 2005, Washington, DC. "FRBR and Continuing Resources," portion of a workshop sponsored by SWFLN (Southwest Florida Library Network), Sept. 19, 2006 Fort Myers, FL "Evolving Models of Journal Publication," invited presentation for IDH 3931: Research Skills for Science Students, Oct. 12, 2006, Gainesville, FL "MARC Holdings Conversion: Now That We're Here, What Do We Do?" (invited panelist), North American Serials Interest Group Annual Conference, June 8, 2008, Phoenix, AZ "Two Communities Divided by a Common Purpose," (introductory session at the CAGER/DDAC Joint Metadata Summit, Nov. 15, 2006, Orlando, FL) Selected professional affiliations: North American Serials Interest Group, 1992-2000; 2003present CO NSER Operations Committee, 2000present American Library Association, Member, 2000present Divisions: Association of Specialized and Cooperative Library Agencies (ASCLA) 2000-2010); Association for Library Collections and Technical Services (ALCTS), 2000-present; Library and Information Technology Association (LITA), 2000-present ALA Learning Round Table, 2011-present Chair, GLBTRT Ad Hoc Task Force on RDA and Gender in Authority Records, February 2008.

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Jos A. Milln Daz Calle 4, Bloque C, Nm. 42 Urb. El Conquistador Trujillo Alto, Puerto Rico 00976 787318 0239 jose.millan3@upr.edu EXPERIENCE: 1985Microfilm Technician, University of Puerto Rico. Microfilm Center. Library System. RESPONSABILITIES: Management and preparation of the material to be microfilmed. Microfilm of materials such as newspapers, manuscripts, card catalogs, etc. Perform quality test control. Duplicate 35mm and 16mm microfilm. Preparation of chemicals for developing. EDUCATION: 19801985 B.A. in Secondary Education with a Major in Spanish Minor in Programming University of Puerto Rico Rio Piedras Campus TECHNICAL EDUCATION: 1985 Seminar on Basic Concepts on Microfilm 1986 Certificate on Introduction to Micrograph 1986 Seminar on Cataloguing and Preservation of Documents SPECIAL SKILLS: Microfilm Planetary Microfilm Camera, Kodak Mod. MRD-2 Microfilm Processor Prostar II Kodak Densitometer Macbeth TD 903 and TD 500 Microscope (Resolution Test) Film Duplicator Extek 3100 LANGUAGES English: Oral and written Spanish: Oral and written SOFTWARE Word Power Point Excell Access

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es-ES MARILYN MONTALVO es-ES 4 Calle La Puntilla es-ES Condominio La Puntilla, Apto. 13 es-ES San Juan, Puerto Rico 00901 es-ES marilyn.montalvo1@upr.edu EXPERIENCE Assistant Director, Technical Services Department, Library System. University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus: 1999-2001; 2009Automation Librarian, Library System, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus: 2002Associate Director, Library System, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus: 1998-1999 Head of Cataloging Section, Library System. University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus: 1990 1997 pt-PT pt-PT EDUCATION pt-PT PhD in Hispanic Linguistics, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus, 1999 pt-PT pt-PT Master in Library Science, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus, 1976 pt-PT B.A. in Humanities, Major in Hispanic Studies, 1974 pt-PT pt-PT CONFERENCES pt-PT Estndares de catalogacin en la encrucijdaa, presented on November 14, 2008 at the Universidad del Turabo, Gurabo, Puerto Rico. pt-PT pt-PT Vocabularios controlados y FAST: la asignacin de materias en el Siglo XXI presented on october 29, 2008 at the III Encuentro de Catalogacin y Metadatos, held at the Centro de Investigaciones Bibliotecolgicas of the Universidad Autnoma de Mxico, Mexico, D. F. pt-PT es-ES LCSH, Fast y Delicious: vocabularios normalizados y nuevas formas de catalogacin temtica presented on October 28, 2009, at the V Encuentro de Catalogadores, sponsored by the Biblioteca Nacional de Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic es-ES pt-PT Courses offered pt-PT Organizacin y recuperacin de la informacin (bsico ), offered at the Escuela Graduada de Ciencias y Tecnologas de la Informacin, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Ro Piedras pt-PT pt-PT Administracin de bibliotecas y centros de documentacin offered at the Escuela Graduada de Ciencias y Tecnologas de la Informacin, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Ro Piedras pt-PT pt-PT Espaol bsico offered at the Universidad de Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras and Bayamn Campus pt-PT pt-PT Compendio de gramtica offered at the Universidad de Puerto Rico, Bayamn Campus pt-PT pt-PT Gramtica espaola offered at the Humanities Faculty of the Universidad de Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus

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pt-PT pt-PT pt-PT PUBLICATIONS es-ES Boletn de la Academi a Puertorriquea de la Lengua Espaola (1999): 131-159. es-ES es-ES LCSH, FAST y Delicious: vocabularios normalizados y nuevas formas de catalogacin temtica. [en lnea] Anales de Documentacin 14.1 (2011). es-ES http://revistas.um.es/analesdoc/article/view/120141/114281 es-ES es-ES Revista de Estudios Hispnicos 27. 1 (2000): 243253. es-ES es-ES Bibliotemas 3 (1991): 4347. es-ES pt-PT Perfil de las bibliotecas universitarias puertorriqueas. Bloomington, IN: Authorhouse, 2010. es-ES es-ES Perfil de las bibliotecas universitarias puertorriqueas [en lnea]. [s.n: s.l.], 2008. es-ES es-ES Perspectiva Social 13 es-ES (Gener-Juny 1979): 93111. es-ES es-ES es-ES Revista Cultural Lotera 403 (Mayo-Junio 1995): 2233. es-ES es-ES Unidades lxicas pluriverbales y rodeo expresivo en los noticiarios de la televisin es-ES Puertorriquea Filologa y Lingstica 31.2 (2005): 157168. es-ES es-ES Vocabularios controlados y FAST: la asignacin de materias en el siglo XXI En: III Encuentro de Catalogadores y Metadatos. Mxico: UNAM, 2009: 4164. es-ES es-ES Colaboracin permanente como indizador para el Hispanic American Periodicals Index (HAPI). Los Angeles: University of California, Latin American Center, 19772002. es-AR

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es-ES Mara E. Ordez Mercado es-ES PO Box 23302 es-ES San Juan, PR 00931 es-ES Mordonez99@yahoo.com Education 1999 PhD. Candidate in History, Department of Humanities, Universidade Puerto Rico, Recinto de Ro Piedras 1994Master in History, Department of Humanities, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Ro Piedras es-ES 1978Certificate on Archives, Centro Internaci onal de Desarrollo, Escuela de Archiveros de Crdova, Argentina. Funded by the Instituto de Cultura Puertorriquea. es-ES 1971Master in Library Science, Library Science Graduate School, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Ro Piedras. 19671969 Certificate on Documents, Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid, Spain. Funded by the Instituto de Cultura Puertorriquea. 1963B.A. in Humanities, Major in Art History and History Professional Experience 1990 to presentLibrarian Head of the Puerto Rican Collection, Library System, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Campus Ro Piedras. es-ES Course Los Archivos, organizacin, desarrollo y legislacin at the Escuela Graduada de Ciencias y Tecnologa de la Informacin, school years 2009 2010; 2010 2011. es-ES 2003-2004Course on Conservacin y Preservacin at the Escuela Graduada de Ciencias y Tecnologa de la Informacin. es-ES Clinic Experience of the Certificate on Administrarion of Documents of the Escuela Graduada de Ciencias y Tecnologa de la Informacin, school year 2 008 2009. Course Historia de Puerto Rico 3241, 3242, Humanities College, History Department, school years 1994-1995, 1995-1996, 1996-1997. Research 1998Research at Havana, Cuba, at the Parochial Archive of Nuestra Seora del Espritu Santo, National Library, and National Archive. Publications es-ES (2007):1418. es-ES la Red de Archivos de Puerto Rico 7: 1 (2007): 812. es-ES Crnicas Universitarias 5:3 (June 2000) 36es-ES es-ES Ar chidata Boletn de la Red de Archivos de Puerto es-ES Manejo del libro. Custodios de Memorias: Un acercamiento a la archivstica puertorriquea. Bogot, Colombia: Ediciones EMS, 2006: 163164. es-ES Gua para la preparacin de un manual de organizacin y procedimientos

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es-ES Colombia: Ediciones EMS, 2006: 111-115. es-ES es-ES Finding Aids es-ES Expedientes de los Gobernadores Espaoles en el Siglo IXI. Ro Piedras, P.R.: Coleccin Puertorriquea, 2012. es-ES Coleccin Edwin Reyes. Ro Piedras, P.R.: Coleccin Puertorriquea, 2012. es-ES Coleccin Roberto Jos Maldonado. Ro Piedras, P.R.: Coleccin Puertorriquea, 2012. es-ES Others es-ES Huelga universitaria 2010: Bibliografa es-ES Inventario y Catlogo Coleccin de Fotografas (miscelneas). Ro Piedras, P.R.: Coleccin Puertorriquea, 2009.Vol. 1 es-ES Centenario Jaime Bentez, 1908-2008. La presencia de Jaime Bentez en la Biblioteca y Hemeroteca Puertorriquea; Bibliografa selectiva. Ro Piedras, P.R.: Coleccin Puertorriquea, 2008. es-ES Catalogs. es-ES Coleccin Mario Brau de Zuzurregui. Catlogo Ro Piedras, P.R.: Coleccin Puertorriquea, 2006. es-ES Coleccin Leonardo Ponce de Len: Catlogo. Ro Piedras, P.R.: Coleccin Puertorriquea, 2001. es-ES Coleccin de Tarjetas Postales. Catlogo. Coleccin Edwin Reyes. Ro Piedras, P.R.: Coleccin Puertorriquea, 2001. es-ES Coleccin Gustavo Pals Matos. Catlogo Ro Piedras, P.R.: Coleccin Puertorriquea, 2002. es-ES Coleccin de Fotografas de Attilio Moscioni. Catlogo Ro Piedras, P.R.: Coleccin Puertorriquea, 2004. es-ES Carpetas de Polticos. Ro Piedras, P.R.: Coleccin Puertorriquea, 2007-2011. es-ES es-ES Presentations es-ES Paper Bautismo, manumisin, esclavitud e Iglesia en San Juan de Puerto Rico, 1800es-ES Simposium 2009 Iglesia y Sociedad: 18701900 (Desde la libertad de culto hasta la separacin de es-ES Iglesia y Estado (October 23, 2009). Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Puerto Rico y el Caribe. es-ES Panel. El status de la preservacin y conservacin de bienes culturales en Puerto Rico paper es-ES n, preservacin y patrimonio documental y bibliogrfic es-ES (October 21, 2008). Organized by the Escuela Graduada de Ciencias y Tecnologa de la es-ES Informacin es-ES Workshop, Prevencin de los documentos en bibliotecas y archivos to librarians of the es-ES Universidad de Puerto Rico, Campus Aguadilla (March 12, 2004). es-ES es-ES Collaborations Collective Project of the Cartographic Heritage, Cuba (2005). Preparation of a procedures manual for archives, libraries, and information centers, organized by the Red de Archivos de Puerto Rico, at the Fundacin Luis Muoz Marn (2002). es-ES Proyecto Censo Gua de Archivos de Iberoamericanos, Archivo General de Puerto Rico y Espaa (2001-2005) Laptoc, Estado Unidos (2001 2005).

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es-PR Myra Torres lamo es-PR Urb. El Conquistador L47, calle 13 es-PR Trujillo Alto, Puerto Rico 00976 es-PR myra.torres@upr.edu es-MX es-MX EDUCATION es-MX MLS (Magna Cum Laude), Universidad de Puerto Rico 1984 es-PR B.A. in Humanities (Cum Laude), Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Ro Piedras 1974 es-PR WORKSHOPS, TRAININGS AND CONFERENCES American Library Association Mid Winter Meeting: CONTENTdm Users Group Meeting, Special Collections Digitization Projects Task Force, Virtual Reference & Institutional Repositores, Philadelphia, PA, January 2008 Borderlands and Boderlines in Higher Education (31st Conference of the Association for the Study of Higher Education) / Anaheim, California November 2006 es-ES Sociedad de la informacin y brecha digital: un enfoque multidisciplinario de opciones y soluciones / EGCTI, UPR, Campus Ro Piedras October 2006 European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (ECDL: Towards the European Digital Library, Universidad de Alicante, Spain, September 2006 es-PR Digital Libraries (CINF6995b) / Escuela Graduada de Ciencias y Tecnologas de la Informacin, UPR January-May 2006 Virtual Caribbean Colloquium (UPR, Campus Ro Piedras) May 2006 Copyright at the Crossroads: the Impact of Mass Digitization on Copyright and Higher Education, University of Maryland College, Aldelphia, MD, June 20 06 es-PR Digital Libraries (CINF 6995b), / Escuela Graduada de Ciencias y Tecnologas de la Informacin, UPR January-May 2006 Managing Digital Projects with CONTENTdm, SOLINET, January 2006 es-PR Information Service on Higher Education (CINF6995023) / Escuela Graduada de Ciencias y Tecnologas de la Informacin, UPR August-December 2005 es-PR Visit to OCLC Digitization and Preservation Service Center and to Lehigh University Bethlehem, PA March 2005 es-ES First Forum of Digital Libraries in Puerto Rico (Consorcio de Bibliotecas Metropolitanas de PR) February 2005 es-PR Practical Digital Libraries / Depto. de Ciencias de Cmputos, Fac. de Ciencias Naturales & Universidad de Kentucky -January 2004 es-PR Preservation in a Digital World: Introduction to the Digital Image (Seminar) / Escuela Graduada de Bibliotecologa y Ciencia de la Informacin y NEDCC March 1998 es-PR Creation of CD-ROMS (CBIB6995a-b) / Escuela Graduada de Bibliotecologa y Ciencia de la Informacin, UPR, Campus Ro Piedras January-December 1997 es-PR Workshop on Conservation and Restoration of Photographs / Archivo General de Puerto Rico del Instituto de Cultura Puertorriquea December 1997 es-PR es-PR PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE es-PR Coordinator Puerto Rican Heritage Digital Library Project, Library System, UPR, Campus Ro Piedras : 2003 to present es-PR As sociate Director, Library System, UPR, Campus Ro Piedras : 20012003 Coordinator, Project of Digitization of the Collection of Photographs of El Mundo Newspaper.: 1995 to present

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Interim Associate Director, Library System, UPR, Campus Ro Piedras: 1999 2001 Internal Director, Library System, UPR, Campus Ro Piedras : 19931995 COMMITTEES AND INSTITUTIONAL WORKING GROUPS es-PR Academic Senator of Campus Ro Piedras, Universidad de Puerto Rico, 2007 to present Committee of Staff of the Library System, 2011 to present. Member of the Copyright Committee, Library System, UPR, Campus Ro Piedras, 1998 to present. PRESENTATIONS Presentation on the Puerto Rican Heritage Digital Library at the Video Conference III: Digital Resources in Puerto Rico, organized by the Center for Puerto Rican Studies, Hunter College, CUNY, New York / November 16, 2012 es-PR El Archivo Fotogrfico del Peridico El Mundo: Recurso para la enseanza, el estudio y la investigacin acadmica ( Presentation at the Semana de los Archivos Histrico Universitarios / November 13, 2012) es-PR La Biblioteca Digital Puertorriquea: al rescate de nuestro patrimonio histrico y cultural (Presentation at the Asamblea Anual de la Asociacin Puertorriquea de Historiadores) / October 5, 2012) es-PR Del Proyecto El Mundo a la Biblioteca Digital Puertorriquea (Presentation to students, Course CINF6300, Escuela Graduada de Ciencias y Tecnologas de la Informacin, UPR, Campus Ro Piedras) / September 2009 es-PR Nuestra herencia cultural: viaje por El Mundo y otros senderos ( Presentation of the Puerto Rican Heritage Digital Library Project, UPR, Campus Ro Piedras) / February 28, 2007 es-PR Impacto social de la Bibliotecas Digitales (Semi-annual Meeting of the Sociedad de Bibliotecarios de Puerto Rico Universidad Metropolitana, Cupey, P.R.) / September 8, 2006 Puerto Rican Heritage Digital Library Project: an Initiative to Preserve and Access our Institutional and National Cultural Legacy (Virtual Caribbean Congress, UPR, Campus Ro Piedras) / May 3, 2006 Puerto Rico Newspaper Digitization Project: Phase I (Presentation at the Virtual Caribbean Collloquium, UPR, Campus Ro Piedras) / May 3, 2006) es-ES La Biblioteca Digital Puertorriquea: del sueo al hecho (Conference at the Universidad de Puerto Rico in Utuado)/ May 2, 2005) es-ES Del Proyecto El Mundo a la Biblioteca Digital Puertorriquea: Trayectoria de una transformacin impostergable ( Presentation at the Library System, UPR, Campus Ro Piedras, ) / July 1, 2004 es-ES Biblioteca Digital Puertorriquea de la Universidad de Puerto Rico (Presentation to the Office of Management and Budget of the Puerto Rico Government) / June 24, 2003 es-ES Biblioteca Digital Puertorriquea de la Universidad de Puerto Rico (Presentation to the Board of Directors of the Libraries of UPR, in UPR Campus Aguadilla) / May 23, 2003 es-ES Biblioteca Digital Puertorriquea: al rescate del patrimonio documental nacional (Presentation to es-ES

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Mario Torres Ramos Cond. Torrelinda Apt.605 San Juan, Puerto Rico Tel. (787)614-9008 Employment History April 2000 Present University of Puerto Rico, Ro Piedras Campus. Operating Systems Specialist Support to the administrative personnel in the use the computer equipment, Office 2010, printers, scanners. Support and troubleshooting the computer network in the library. Installation and configuration swithes, network card, wireless system. Configuration the computers using Windows XP, Windows 2000 and Windows 7. April 199 April 2000 University of Puerto Rico, Ro Piedras Campus. oordinator Network Administrator Novell 3.12, Novell 4.0, Windows NT 4.0 and Apple Share in Macintosh. July 1992 Ap ril 1999 University of Puerto Rico, Ro Piedras Campus. System Programer II and Telecomunication Specialist Installation and configuration the Network for Macintosh (Apple Share) and Windows 95 and Windows NT) Support in the use Unix and VMS. Installations Hubs, Bridges, Swithes, Repeaters and Ethernet Cards. January 1991 May 1992 University of Puerto Rico, Ro Piedras Campus. Operator II Opertate the computer equipment IBM (4381) and Vax Digital (6620) I worked with equipments since : the control units, the disk units and magnetics tape. Backups of IBM Systems and Digital Systems. (Daily, Weekly and Monthly).

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February 1991 Nov. 1991 The College of Puerto Rico, Carolina, PR. Professor I had being teaching courses in Lotus, basic, Wordperfect, Accounting, Dbase. Education August 2010 Dec 2012 University of Puerto Rico Master : Graduate School of Information Sciences and Technologies August 1994 May 2000 University of Puerto Rico Master : Public Administrator August 1986 Dec 1990 Interamerican University Bachelor : Computer Science

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SORAYA TORRES VILLANUEVA FOREST HILLS E-4 CALLE 21 -5539 TELFONOS 787785 -0455; 787764-0000, EXT. 5256; 787306-2599 E-MAIL: SORAYA.TORRES1@UPR.EDU EDUCATION MLS, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Campus Ro Piedras. Cum Laude. Award of the Sociedad de Bibliotecarios de Puerto Rico -December 1985 es-MX B.A. in Elementary Education, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Campus Ro Piedras. Magna Cum Laude December 1983 PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE Librarian III Head of Cataloging Library System, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Campus Ro Piedras October 1, 2010 to present es-MX Librarian III Professor Course CINF 6200: Organizacin y Recuperacin de la Informacin, long distance versin. Escuela Graduada de Ciencias y Tecnologas de la Informacin. First semester 2011-2012 Librarian III Cataloguer -L ibrary System, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Campus Ro Piedras February 16, 1996 to present. es-MX CONTINUING EDUCATION MINITEX RDA for the Seasoned Copy Cataloger: Print Monographs webinars, part 1-4. Transmitted online in the Cataloguing Department on April 25 and 27, and May 1st, 2012. es-MX Workshop on Moodle platform for long distance classes: part one, Wednesday, July 13, 2011; part two, Wednesday, July 20, 2011. IFLA 2011 Cataloguing Section Satellite Meeting: RDA: Resource Description and Access: Foundations, changes and implementation, August 12, 2011. es-MX Seminar Capacitacin Biblioteca Virtual de Salud de Puerto Rico: Conferencia de Apertura para la Creacin, el Desarrollo y Puesta en Marcha de la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud de PR, April 25, 2011. es-MX es-MX es-MX SELECTED ACTIVITIES AND SPECIAL COLLABORATIONS Member of the Committee of volunteers of the National Committee of IFLA 2011 Puerto Rico, August 2011.

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Collaboration with the Automation Program and the Puerto Rican Collection as consultant in the capture of data in Horizon and MARC for the project indexing. Participation in the Congress of Cataloguing, organization of workshops on cataloguing, Dewey classification, and authority control at the Biblioteca Nacional Pedro Henrquez Urea, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, July 2009. Librarian in charge of developing and support of the collaborative agreement with the Name Authority Cooperative Project (NACO) by which, the Cataloguing Department contributes annually to the archive of existing onomastics at the Library of Congress, August 2009 to present. SELECTED PRESENTATIONS Preparndonos para el cambio: de las Reglas de Catalogacin Angloamericanas (RCAA2) a las RDA: Recursos, Descripcin y Acceso, at the activities organized by REFORMA, Puerto Rico Chapter, November 9, 2012, Pontificia Universidad Catlica in Mayagez. Aproximacin inicial a las RDA: Recursos, Descripcin y Acceso, at the activities organized by the Sociedad de Bibliotecarios de Puerto Rico, September 28, 2012, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Campus Ro Piedras. Introduccin al Formato Dublin Core para la Catalogacin, offered on May 25, 2012 at the Biblioteca Extensin Agrcola, Jardn Botnico, Ro Piedras, (organized by the Comunidad de Prctica Desarrollo Colaborativo de Colecciones of the Universidad de Puerto Rico) Training on cataloguing photographs, procedures, authorities, use of tools and programs to cataloguing librarians, July 2004. Practical Workshop for librarians at UPR: Cataloguing the Collection of Photographs of El Mundo Newspaper, May 14, 2004. SERVICE Coordinator of the Subcommittee of Cataloguing and Metadata in the Leading Committee of the Puerto Rican Digital Library, October 2005 to present. Co -coordinator of the Leading Committee of the Evaluation of the Library System, Campus Ro Piedras, May 2006-November 2008.

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James G. Cusick Curator, P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History Department of Special & Area Studies Collections George A. Smathers Library University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla. 32611-7005 (352) 273-2778 jgcusick@ufl.edu Work Experience University of Florida, George A. Smathers Library (1998 to Present) University of North Florida (1997) Adjunct Professor, Anthropology and History Duke University, Perkins Library (1996) Postdoctoral Fellow; assistant bibliographer for Latin American collections Education Ph.D. in Anthropology, UF, 1993 M.A. in Anthropology, UF, 1989 B.S. in Journalism, Northwestern, 1981 Recent Peer-Reviewed Publications 2012 The Florida Historical Quarterly, 90:2 (Fall 2011):133-156. 2011 section of Oxford Bibliographies Online. 2011 the Fate of the Seminoles, 1763-1858 edited by Steven Belko, pp. 41-53. University Press of Florida, Gainesville 2007 The Other War of 1812: The Patriot War and the American Invasion of Spanish East Florida. Athens, Ga., University of Georgia Press. Other Recent Publications 2012 The Voyages of Ponce de Len: Scholarly Perspectives. Compiled and edited by James G. Cusick and Sherry Johnson. Cocoa, Fla., Florida Historical Society Press. 2011 El Escribano, the Journal of the St. Augustine Historical Society, 48:23-42.

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2010 Radio shorts, one-minute segments on Florida History, Florida Humanities segments ( http://www.flahum.org/index.cfm/do/Media.Audio_Resources ) 2005 El Escribano, the Journal of the St. Augustine Historical Society, 42:23-46. 2004 Es cribano, the Journal of the St. Augustine Historical Society, 41:118-126. Grants 2012 National Historic Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) Digitizing the Settling of the Sunshine State, 1800budget $79,750. 2011 Co -Principal Investigator. Grant budget $265,000. Professional Organizations and Service Florida Historical Society President of the Board of Directors, 2012-2014; Board Member, 2006-current, Program Chair, Annual Meeting & Symposium, 2009-2013 St. Augustine Hi storical Society Board of Directors, Member, Current Gulf South History and Humanities Conference Board of Directors, Member at Large, Current Florida Book Awards Judge, Non-Fiction Category, Current

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JAMES M. DENHAM Professor of History and Director, Lawton M. Chiles Jr. Center for Florida History EDUCATION Ph. D., History, Florida State University, (1988) Major Field: U. S. Nineteenth Century, concentration in the Antebellum South M. A., History, Florida State University (1983) B. A., History, Florida State University (1980) TEACHING EXPERIENCE Florida Southern College: Assistant Professor, 199196 Associate Professor, 199600 Professor, 2000Director, Center for Florida History, 2001Limestone College: Assistant Professor, 198791 Georgia Southern University: Instructor, 1987 Florida State University: Adjunct Instructor, 1985-6 PUBLICATIONS Selecte d Books With Keith L. Huneycutt Correspondence in Antebellum Florida. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2004. With William W. Rogers, Florida Sheriffs: A History, 18211945. Tallahassee: Sentry Press, 2001. With Canter Brown, Jr. Cracker Times and Pioneer Lives: The Florida Reminiscences of George Gillett Keen and Sarah Pamela Williams. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2000. Selected Book Chapters (Peer Reviewed) With Canter Brown, A Nullifier Debacle as Prelude to the Years War: U. S. Expansion to the Gulf Coast and the Fate of the Seminole, 17631858. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2011, 20936. in -Civil War Century Larry Rivers and Canter Brown, eds. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2010, 54-63. William Pope DuVal and Washington Irving: Fiction as Fact and Fact as Fiction an E r Florida Studies: Proceedings of the 2007 Annual Meeting of the Florida College English Association, College English Association Proceedings, 2008. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Press, 2009, 10718. Selected Articles (Peer Reviewed) Florida Historical Quarterly 90 Summer 2011): 13-34.

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With Randolph Roth, Douglas L. Eckberg, Cornelia Hughes Dayton, Kenneth Wheeler, James Watkinson, and Robb Collaborative Research Project on the History of Historical Methods: A Journal of Quantitative and Interdisciplinary History, 41 (Spring 2008): 81-98. With Rando Florida Historical Quarterly, 86 (Fall 2007): 21639. Other Selected Published Articles and Essays: Polk County Historical Quarterly, 34 (January 2008): 4-14. Forum: The Magazine of the Florida Humanities Council 30 (Winter 2006): 1823. Catfish, Moonshine, Cattle on the Peavine: (Avon Park: South Florida Community College Museum of Florida Art and Culture, 2006), 510. SELECTED CONFERENCE PAPERS, SYMPOSIA, PUBLIC PRESENTATIONS Humanities Council, Cocoa, Florida, February 25, 2012. SELECTED PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS, OFFICERSHIPS AND MEMBERSHIPS Florida State Historical Marker Review Board, 2005-2006 Polk County Historical Commission, 2002, Chair, 2005Board of Directors, Polk County Historical Association, 1995Vice President (2001-2005), President 2005President, Historic Lakeland Incorporated, 2001; Board of Directors, 1997Board of Directors, Florida Historical Society, 1995-1997 Other Memberships: Member, Southern Historical Association, 1985, Member, Society of Civil War Historians 1997, Member, Georgia Historical Society 1997, Member, Association of Documentary Editing 1997, Member, Mandarin, Florida, Historical Society, 2000, Member, The Historical Society, 2000Member, Society of Florida Archivists ACADEMIC HONORS AND AWARDS Preservationist of the Year, City of Lakeland, 2005 James J. Horgan Book Award, Florida Historical Society, for Florida Sheriffs, 2002. Arthur Thompson Prize, Florida Historical Society, 1992. Fullerton Merit Award, 1991. Governor's Distinguished Professor Award, 1990.

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es-ES Vctor Federico Torres es-ES ______________________________________________________ es-ES San Jos 706, Pda. 25 es-ES San Juan, Puerto Rico 00909 es-PR Tels. (787) 612-9653 (mvil) es-PR (787)728-2939 ( residencia) es-ES e-mail: es-ES vtorres@prw.net es-ES EDUCATION Ph.D., Latin American Studies, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque (1996). Certificate of Advanced Studies in Library Sciences, University of Pittsburgh (1984). M. L. S., State University of New York at Albany (1977). es-ES B. A., Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Ro Piedras (1973). es-ES PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE Teaching es-MX Professor, Caribbean University, Campus Carolina (2011) es-MX Instructor, Escuela Graduada de Ciencias y Tecnologas de la Informacin, Universidad de es-ES Puerto Rico, Ro Piedras. (2008-2009) es-ES Professor, Departamento de Estudios Hispnicos y Bachillerato de Estudios Interdisciplinarios, es-ES Facultad de Humanidades, UPR, Ro Piedras (2002-2004). Libraries es-ES Librarian IV, Coleccin Puertorriquea, Sistema de Bibliotecas, Universidad de Puerto Rico, es-ES Recinto de Ro Piedras (sep. 2008se p. 2009). es-ES Officer of Collection Development, Sistema de Bibliotecas, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto es-ES de Ro Piedras (agosto 1999-dic. 2007), and Head Librarian, Coleccin Josefina del Toro es-ES (julio 2005-agosto 2008) es-ES es-ES PUBLICATIONS es-ES Mjico se escribe con jota Michael K. Schuessler y Miguel Capistrn, coordinadores. Mxico, D.F. : Editorial Planeta, 2010. es-ES La Cancin Popular 22/23 (2009). es-ES Diccionario de autores puertorriqueos contemporneos San Juan : Editorial Plaza Mayor, 2009. es-ES Celebrating Culture: Space, Symbols, and Tradition in Latin America and the Caribbean. Papers of SALALM XLVIII Au stin, Texas: SALALM Secretariat, 2006. es-ES Exgesis 18/52 (2005). es-ES Seminario: INFOBILA como apoyo a la investigacin y educacin bibliotecolgica en Amrica Latina y el Caribe Mxico, UNAM, Centro de Investigaciones Bibliotecolgicas, 2005. Latin American Identities: Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Sexuality. Papers of SALALM XLVI. Ed. Vctor Federico Torres. Austin, Texas: SALALM Secretariat, 2005. IFLA Journal 30/2 (2004).

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es-ES Congreso de Investigacin sobre la Universidad San Juan: Asociacin Puertorriquea de Profesores Universitarios, 2003. es-ES Cultura 6/13 (diciembre 2002). International Dictionary of Library Histories Ed. David H. Stam. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2002. es-ES Acceso: revista puertorriquea de bibliotecologa y documentacin 4 (2002). es-ES Narradores puertorriqueos del 70: gua biobibliogrfica San Juan: Plaza Mayor, 2001. es-ES Las Asociaciones del Futuro: Memoria II Seminario Latinoamericano de Asociaciones de Bibliotecarios y Profesionales Afines Mxico: UNAM, Centro Universitario de Investigaciones Bibliotecolgicas, 2001. es-ES Revista de Estudios Hispnicos 37/2 (2000). es-ES Documenting Movements, Identity, and Popular Culture in Latin America. Papers of SALALM XLIV Austin, Texas: SALALM Secretariat, 2000. es-ES Dilogo (sep. 2000). es-ES Simposio Historia y Ficcin en la Novela Santa Evita: Mujer, Poltica y Populismo Facultad de Estudios Generales, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Ro Piedras (2000 ). es-ES es-ES RECENT PRESENTATIONS es-ES Maruja y Ayer amargo LVII SALALM Conference, Port of Spain, Trinidad, 2012. es-ES Archivo Nacional del Teatro y Cine del Ateneo Puertorriqueo, 2011. es-ES es-ES Decanato de Estudios Graduados, junio 2006 y junio 2007. es-ES es-ES Seminario INFOBILA Centro Universitario de Investigaciones Bibliotecolgicas, UNAM, marzo 2005. es-ES Puertorriquea. Departamento de Estudios Hispnicos, U.P.R., Recinto de Ro Piedras, marzo 2004. XXXII ACURIL Annual Conference, Montego Bay, Jamaica, 2002. es-ES 67 th Council and General Conference, International Federation of Library Associations, Boston 2001.

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es-ES Luis Fernando Coss Pontn es-ES Calle Independencia #591 Baldrich, San Juan 00918 Tel: (c) 751-8104 EDUCATION es-MX 2012 Academic Fellowship: Departamento de Proyectos Periodsticos, Universidad de Navarra, y, Gabinete de Comunicacin, Universidad Autnom a de Barcelona, Espaa. es-ES 2007 Ph.D. University of Puerto Rico, campus Ro Piedras History es-MX PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE 2011-2012 Founder, President of the Board of Directors and editor of 80grados, Inc. San Juan, Puerto Rico 1986-2012 Assistant Professor, Journalism, University of Puerto Rico, campus Ro Piedras 2011-2012 Administrator of the blog Redactarparainformar for basic courses on journalism. es-ES http://redactarparainformar.wordpress.com/ 2009-2012 Administrator of the blog Periodismoabc for teaching and other academic activities related to the professional practice of journalism. http://periodismoabc.wordpress.com/ es-MX 2001-2003 Special Collaborator of the President of the Corporacin de Puerto Rico para la Difusin Pblica (CPRDP) 2001-2002 Journalist of the newspaper EL Nuevo Da es-MX RECENT PUBLICATIONS es-PR 2012 80grados June 29. es-PR 80grados June 20. es-PR 80grados March 29. es-PR es-PR http://www.80grados.net/crisis-definitivaen -escuelade -comunicacion/ es-PR 80grados March 12 es-PR es-PR http://www.80grados.net/mundo-digital-periodismo-y-docencia-en -puerto-rico/ es-PR 2012 "De la crisis del m odelo capitalista a la promesa social del periodismo digital", Memorias Encuentro Latinoamericano de Facultades de Comunicacin Social; Conference Lima, Per. October 22. es-ES 2010 "La huella de William Dorvillier en Puerto Rico". Revista La Torre (Ao XIV), num. 53-54, Tercera poca, junio-diciembre 2009. Universidad de Puerto Rico. "The Indelible Mark of William Dorvillier: from USA to Puerto Rico, a complex encounter in journalistic history". Journalism and Mass Comunication Quarterly

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es-ES 2009 "El pluralismo de la prensa: imperativo y utopa". Memorias del Encuentro de las Facultades de Comunicacin Social, La Habana, Cuba, October 2009. es-ES 2006 Memorias del Centro para la Libertad de Prensa de 2006, CLP, 2006. es-ES 2004 200 aos de literatura y periodismo, 1803 2003 editor Fernando Feli Matilla, San Juan, Ediciones Huracn, 2004. es-ES Revista de l Instituto de Cultura Puertorriquea Ao 5, junio (segunda serie), Num. 9. es-ES Plural Ao 2 Num. 7, julio-agosto. es-ES 2003 es-ES en Dos siglos de periodismo puertorriqueo editor Armindo Nuez, San Juan, Editorial Casa del Periodista. es-ES 2002 Cumbre 2002, Libertad de Prensa en el Caribe, editoras Meriemil Rodrguez y Beatriz Morales, Centro de Libertad de Prensa. es-ES 2001 o y por fuera de la en tica y poltica en la comunicacin editora Sylvia lvarez, Escuela de Comunicacin y Fundacin de las Humanidades. es-ES Prlogo al libro de Ramn Lpez, Puerto Rico, USA: historia de un pas imaginario San Juan, Editorial Huracn. es-ES Acceso Revista Puertorriquea de Bibliotecologa y Documentacin, Vol.3 Num. 1. es-PR e el rol del periodista en una sociedad Memorias del Centro para la Libertad de Prensa en Puerto Rico: 1999-2000 San Juan, Centro para la Libertad de Prensa en Puerto Rico. es-ES 2000 Premios a la Excelencia Periodstica del Overseas Press Club, San Juan, Puerto Rico. es-ES AWARDS AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 2003 Emmy SunCoast Award, December 6, 2003 for the production of the 2002 Acknowledgment of the UNESCO Chair, University of Puerto Rico, Ro Piedras, for contribution to journalism and the international movement for peace, August 13, San Juan. Acknowledgment for a significant trajectory in journalism in relation t o communities, Segundo Congreso Nac ional para Asuntos de Poltica Pblica celebrado en el Colegio Universitario de Humacao, June 29.

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Mary F. Gallart Calzada Calle Taft 55 Apt. 9 -B San Juan, PR 00911 Phone: 787 728 6008 EMail: maryfrances.gallart@gmail.com Education Ph.D. History, University of Puerto Rico, 1992 M.A. Bi Lingual and Bi Cultural Studies, Marywood College, 1985 B.A. Education, University of Puerto Rico, 1972 Experience Assistant Dean, Academic Affairs, Central Administration, UPR 19941995 Co coordinator Gender Studies Program, UPR 19972003 Assistant Dean, Academic Affairs, Ro Piedras Campus, UPR Director, Bachelors Program, College of General Studies, UPR 19992000 20042006 Publications/Presentations De puo y letra: Epistolario de la vida cotidiana (siglos XIX y XX) (San Juan: Ediciones privadas) 2012 Tabacalero y socialista en Cayey: Salvador Gallart Alonso (San Juan: PosData) 2011 Jaime Bentez Rexach y la autonoma universitaria (San Juan: Ediciones privadas) 2011 "Autobiografa privada", en Fernando Pic (edit) Luis Muoz Marn: Imgenes de la memoria (San Juan: Fundacin Luis Muoz Marn) 2008 "Conversaciones con el pueblo", en Pic, Fernando (edit.) Luis Munoz Marn, perfiles de su gobernacin (San Juan: Fundacin Luis Munoz Marn) 2003 "El clero corso en Puerto Rico: Una mirada a su vida cotidiana" en Vivoni Farage, Enrique (edit.) Los corsos americanos: Ensayos sobre sus arquitecturas, vidas y fortu nas en el siglo XIX (San Juan: Archivo de Arquitectura y Construccin, UPR ) 2002 "Ahora seremos felices: Modelo de urbanizaciones en San Juan" en Vivoni Farage, Enrique (edit.) San Juan siempre nuevo: Arquitectura y modernizacin en el siglo XX (San Ju an: Archivo de Arquitectura y Construccin ) 2000 "Las mujeres en la discursiva de Luis Muoz Marn, las primeras dcadas" en Pic, Fernando (edit.), Discursos del Centenario (San Juan: Fundacin Luis Muoz Marn ) 1999 "Guayama: resentimientos soterrados y ajustes de cuentas" en 1998

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Mary F. Gallart Calzada Page 2 lvarez Curbelo, Silvia, Mary Frances Gallart y Carmen Raffucci (edits.), El 98 y sus pueblos puertorriqueos (San Juan: Posdata) "Political Empowerment of Puerto Rican Women 1952 1956", Matos Rodrguez, Felix and Linda Delgado edits. Puerto Rican Women's History: New Perspectives (Armonk,M.E.Sharp ) 1998 Epistolario de un corso en la Isla: Pedro Santos Vivoni Battistini" en Vivoni Farage, Enrique y Silvia lvarez Curbelo (edits) Ilusin de Francia: arquitectura y afrancesamiento en Puerto Rico (San Juan: Archivo de Arqui tectura y Construccin UPR ) 1997 "Las primarias de la alcaldesa: apoderamiento femenino en Guayama (1952)" Cancel, Mario (compilador) Historia y gnero, vidas y re latos de mujeres en el Caribe (San Juan, Posdata ) 1997 Teaching Experience Professor, Department of Humanities, College of General Studies, UPR 19952012

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GARY R. MORMINO Education B.A. Millikin University, 1969 Ph.D. University of North Carolina, 1977 Employment Instructor, 1974-1977, Millikin University Assistant and Associate Professor, 1977-1987, University of South Florida Universit di Roma, Italy, 1980-81 Professor, 1987-present, University of South Florida Frank E. Duckwall Professor of Florida History, 1997 present Publications: Books/Monographs Immigrants on the Hill: Italian Americans in St. Louis, 1882-1982 (University of Illinois Press, 1986). Revised with new introduction, University of Missouri Press, 2002. The Immigrant World of Ybor City: Italians and their Latin Neighbors, 1886-1986 (University of Illinois Press, Ellis Island Series, 1987). With George Pozzetta. Revised with new introduction. University Press of Florida, 1998. Spanish Pathways in Florida, 1492-1992 (Englewood: Pineapple Press, 1991) Co-edited with Ann Henderson. Hillsborough County Goes to War: The Home Front, 1940-1950 (Tampa: Tampa Bay History Center, 2001). Land of Sunshine, State of Dreams: A Social History of Florida (University Press of Florida, 2005) paperback ed. 2008 The Impact of World War II on Italian Americans (New York: American Italian Historical Assoc., 2007) Editor. The Italians in Florida (New York: Bordighera Press, 2008) Honors and Awards The Immigrant World of Ybor City selected as the inaugural book in the Statue of Liberty/Ellis Island Centennial Series. Awarded the Theodore Saloutos Prize for outstanding book in ethnic/ immigration history, 1988, Immigration History Society. Immigrants on the Hill awarded the Howard Marraro Prize, for outstanding book in Italian one of the Outstanding Academic Books for 1987-88, Choice Magazine rize, 1988, outstanding article in Florida Historical Quarterly Florida Historical Society, 1988. es-MX Fulbright Profesor, Facolt Magistero, Universit di Roma, Italy, 1980-81. es-MX Leonard Covello Prize, best article in Italian immigration history, 1980. D.B. McKay Award, Outstanding Contributions to Florida History, Tampa Historical Society, 1991.

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John Randolph and Dora Haynes Fellowship, The Huntington Library, 1994. e Arthur Thomson Prize, for outstanding article in Florida Historical Quarterly 1994-95. Research Fellow, Eleanor and Franklin Roosevelt, Roosevelt Library, Hyde Park, NY. Recipient of College Teaching Awards, 1982, 1992, 1995. Rockefeller Fellowship, Bellagio (Italy) Center, 1997. Named Frank E. Duckwall Professor of Florida History, 1997. University of South Florida, Professional Excellence Program (PEP) Award, 1999. Outstanding Artist /Scholar of Year, 2001, USF, Phi Kappa Phi. National Endowment for the Humanities Scholar in Residence, Dowdell magnet School, 20012002. Humanist of the Year, Florida Humanities Council, 2003. Land of Sunshine, State of Dreams awarded the Charlton Tebeau Prize for outstanding book in Florida history, 2006. Land of Sunshine selected as one of Choice academic titles, 2006. The Emmy-award winning PBS documentary, The Florida Dream (2007) was based on the book. Seaside Institute fellowship, 2007. Anthony Pizzo Award, Ybor City State Museum, 2007. Millikin University Alumni Merit Award, 2008. Forum Magazine. Best Essay in a state magazine for 2009 Alfred Hanna Award, Rollins College, 2011. Outstanding Contributions Florida Trend magazine, 2012. Dorothy Dodd Lifetime Achievement Award, Florida Historical Society, 2012

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Fernando Pic Professor of History Faculty of Humanities Department of History es-MX University of Puerto Rico, Ro Piedras Campus es-MX EDUCATION: PhD (History) The Johns Hopkins University, 1970 POSITION: 1972 Professor of Puerto Rican, Medieval Europe, and Renaissance history. Faculty of Humanities Department of History University of Puerto Rico, Ro Piedras Campus es-MX PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS es-ES Asociacin Puertorriquea de Historiadores Latin American Studies Association American Historical Association The Medieval Academy of America French Historical Society es-ES Academia Puertorriquea de la Historia es-ES es-MX RECENT AWARDS es-MX Honorary Doctorate, Universidad Metropolitana (2000) es-PR Humanist Scholar of the Year, Fundacin de las Humanidades, Puerto Rico (2005) es-PR Chair Eugenio Maria de Hostos, University of Puerto Rico (20078) Distinguished Professor, University of Puerto Rico Ro Piedras (2010) PUBLICATIONS Pic, Fernando, and Historians Conference Association of Caribbean. The "Other" as Scapegoat : The "Tortolos" in Puerto Rico in 189899. Rio Piedras: Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1998. es-MX Pic, Fernando. Cayeyanos : Familias y Solidaridades En La Historia De Cayey 1. ed. ed. Ro Piedras, P.R: Ediciones Huracn, 2007. es-MX ---. Contra La Corriente : Seis Microbiografas De Los Tiempos De Espaa [1. ed.]. ed. Ro Piedras, P.R: Ediciones Huracn, 1995. es-MX ---. El Da Menos Pensado : Historia De Los Presidios En Puerto Rico (17931993) 1a ed. ed. Ro Piedras, P.R: Ediciones Huracn, 1994. es-MX ---. Educacin y Sociedad En El Puerto Rico Del Siglo 19 : Consideraciones En Torno a La Escolarizacin Primaria y Sus Limitaciones San Juan: Centro de Estudios de la Realidad Puertorriquea, 1983. es-MX ---. Al Filo Del Poder : Subalternos y Dominantes En Puerto Rico, 1739-1910 1. ed. ed. Ro Piedras, P.R: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1993. es-MX ---. Historia General De Puerto Rico 3. ed., conmemorativa. ed. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Ediciones Huracn, 2006. es-MX ---. Historia General De Puerto Rico 5. ed. rev. y aum. ed. Ro Piedras, P.R: Ediciones Huracn, 1990. es-MX ---. El Impacto De La Invasin Americana En La Zona Cafetalera De Puerto Rico : El Caso De Utuado S.l: s.n, 1982.

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es-MX ---. De La Mano Dura a La Cordura : Ensayos Sobre El Estado Ausente, La Sociabilidad y Los Imaginarios Puertorriqueos 1a ed. ed. Ro Piedras, Puerto Rico: Ediciones Huracn, 1999. ---. One Frenchman, Four Revolutions : General Ferrand and the Peoples of the Caribbean Princeton, N.J: Markus Wiener Publishers, 2011. ---. Puerto Rico, 1898 : The War After the War Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener Publishers, 2004. es-PR COMMISSIONS AND BOARDS Board of Trustees, St. (19701972) Commission of Electoral Reform of the Governor of Puerto Rico (1973) Board of Directors, Foundation Fundacin Luis Muoz Marn (1980today) Board of Directors, Coorporation of Puerto Rico for Public Outreach (1988-1993) es-ES Correctional Health Services Corporation (1997-2000)

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Ronald R. Rodgers, Ph.D. Curriculum Vitae Department of Journalism University of Florida 3058 Weimer Hall Gainesville, FL 32611 352/392-8847 (office) 352/682-8503 (cell) rrodgers@jou.ufl.edu http://intelligentedi ting.wordpress.com/ https://twitter. com/ronrodgers http://litjournalism.wordpress.com/ ________________________________________________________________________ Education Ph.D., Mass Communications, Oh io University, August 2005 Field: Journalism History, Certif icate in Contemporary History Dissertation: An Untamed Force: Magazine and Trade J ournal Criticism of the New Journalism and the Rise of Professio nal Standards, 1890s to 1920s. M.A., Journalism, University of Arizona, August, 1983. B.A., English Literature, Minors: Communication and Psychology, University of Washington, 1973. Selected Professional Experience: Teaching Associate Professor, University of Florida, 2011(Recipient of the University of Florida Re search Foundation Professorship, April 2012.) Assistant Professor, University of Florida, 2005-2010 Scripps-Howard Teaching Fellow Ohio University, 2002-2005. Adjunct Professor University of Alaska Anchorage, 1993 and 1994. Selected Professional Experience: Journalism Assistant City Editor, The Bulletin, Bend, Oregon, 2000-2002. Helped plan coverage, assigned stories, edited staff stories and supervised reporters; oversaw about a dozen correspondents in five counties. Metro Slot Editor The Seattle Times, 1995-2000. Oversaw copy editors and slotted copy for four Metro zone sections and Page 1; filled in as News Editor making story selections, deciding placement of stories in Metro section and on Page 1, and re writing and merging wire stories for Page 1. Assistant City Editor, Anchorage Daily News, Alaska, 1991-1995. Planned coverage, assigned stories, edited staff and state wire stories, and supervised reporters; coached reporters who needed help with their writing. Copy Editor San Jose Mercury News, 1988-1991. Selected Refereed Publications Rodgers, R.R. (2011) The Social Gospel and the news. Journalism & Communi cation Monographs 13 (2) 69-134. Rodgers, R.R. (2010) The press, pulpit and public opinion: The clergys conferral of power and the concomitant call for a journalism of advocacy in an age of reform. Journal of Media and Religion 9 (1), 1-18.

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Rodgers, R.R. (2010, March) The press and public re lations through the lens of the periodicals, 18901930. Public Relations Review 36 50-55. Rodgers, R.R. (2009, Winter) Goodness isn t news: The Sheldon Edition and the national conversation defining journalisms responsibility to society. Journalism History 204-215. Rodgers, R.R. (2008, Summer/Fall) OhmyNews and its citizen journalists as avatars of a post-modern marketplace of ideas. Journal of Global Mass Communication 1 (3/4), 271-292. Selected Research Conference Presentations (*=refereed papers) Rated No. 11 on a list of the Hi ghest Thirty-five Individual Ra nkings in Top Convention Paper Productivity 1999-2008. (Musambira, George W., a nd Nesta, Christen. (2010, Spring) Analysis of refereed AEJMC convention paper produc tivity in journalism and mass communication, Journalism & Mass Communication Educator 65 (1), 56-73. *Rodgers, R.R. (2010, August) One of the most cr ying needs of the present time: The call for a Christian daily newspaper, presented to the Religion and Media Intere st Group at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism & Mass Communication, Denver, Colorado. *Rodgers, R.R. (2009, October) The roots of enmity: Public relations and the disintermediation of the press, presente d to the annual meeting of the American Journalism Historians Asso ciation, Birmingham, Alabama. Rodgers, R.R. (2009, May) Invited panel presentation to the International Association for Literary Journalism Studi es Fourth International Conference for Literary Journalism Studies at Northwestern University. Panel to pic: The Future of the Story, The Story of the Future: Narrative Jour nalism in a Multi-Media Environment. Grants and Fellowships Research Grants University of Florida Faculty E nhancement Opportunity grant of $11,564 Faculty Summer Scholarship Award of approximately $6,500, 2008. Faculty Summer Scholarship Award of approximately $6,500, 2006. Professional Service Book Review Editor, Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 2012Research co-chair for the AEJMC News paper and Online News Division, 2012Research Paper Reviewer for Ma ss Communication and Society, 2012Reviewed book Literary Journalism Across the Globe on a quick turnaround for Dr. Kathy Bradshaw, the book-review editor of the journal Journalism History Discussant for History Division poster session at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Comm unication, St. Louis, Missouri, August 2011. AEJMC Newspaper Research Division Co-chair, 2011Research paper reviewer for American Journalism 2010American Copy Editors Society (A CES) Education Committee, 2010Nominated to the executive board of the Amer ican Journalism Historians Association, 2010. Discussant for Newspaper Divisi on poster session at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Denver, Colorado, 2010.

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The Foundation for The Gator Nation An Equal Opportunity Institution George A. Smathers Libraries 422 Library West Library Financial and Human Resources PO Box 117024 Human Resources Gainesville, FL 32611-7024 35227325 95 35239245 38 Fax www.uflib.ufl.edu/pers/ POSITION VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT POSITION: Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project Coordinator RANK: Library Associate III (Temporary Position) REPORTS TO : Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project Primary Investigator DEADLINE DATE: TBD review of applications will begin on TBD JOB SUMMARY The Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project Coordinator is a time limited TEAMS position. Reporting to the Project Director at the University of Florida (UF) George A. Smathers Libraries, and in close collaboration with University of Puerto Rico Rio Piedras (UPR-RP) project personnel the Project Coordinator will be responsible for the dayto -day coordination and management of the Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project (FPRDNP), including technical and administrative activities, overseeing all microfilm duplication and microfilmto -digital conversion activities for historic newspapers, managing relationships with vendors and external partners, assisting in outreach activities, including the development of the project web site, wiki and listserv/discussion board. RESPONSIBILITIES Manages project staff and coordinates project workflows. Coordinates cataloging/metadata professional workflows for microfilm inventory and metadata collation. Works with project personnel, Advisory Board members, the Library of Congress, and partners at UPRRP to develop the FPRDNP. Assists in Request for Proposals (RFP) process to evaluate vendors for digitization, metadata, and optical character recognition output. Works with vendors to ensure quality microfilm duplication and deliverables for digital assets, and to negotiate budgetary issues. Evaluates newspaper microfilm quality and suitability for digitization. Oversees digitization, metadata capture, and OCR output; performs quality review of all assets and related activities for digitizing historic newspapers. Develops delivery schedules; maintains tracking system for microfilm and digital deliverables.

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The Foundation for The Gator Nation An Equal Opportunity Institution Manages the development of the project website, wiki and listserv/discussion board. Creates documentation, and maintains complete and accurate records of all work performed. Reports microfilm selection data and digital deliverables fulfillment, including titles, reels, and page counts. Collaborates with Project Director to deliver progress reports on a specified schedule. Responds to public, professional and scholarly inquiries. QUALIFICATIONS Required Demonstrated project management experience. Quality control experience. Experience with and a solid understanding of digitization and/or microfilm conversion projects, including microfilm inspection and assessment for digitization. Experience with standards-based metadata schemas (non-MARC and MARC) and principles governing standards in digital libraries. Knowledge of newspapers or serials, and ability to assess complex relationships between titles. Strong interpersonal, organizational, and communication skills, the ability to work with a variety of people. Demonstrated ability to pay attention to detail. Flexibility and willingness to shift priorities according to current needs. Commitment to diversity and inclusion. Preferred National Digital Newspaper Program prior experience. Familiarity with XML. Knowledge of Spanish. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION This position is contingent on a grant award from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) to digitize microfilmed newspapers as part of the Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project. The FPRDNP, a state partner in the National Digital Newspaper Program developed by NEH and the Library of Congress, will digitize 100,000 pages of historical Florida and Puerto Rico newspapers published between 1836 and 1922 in English and Spanish Chronicling America database THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA The University of Florida (UF) is a major, public, comprehensive, land-grant, research university. The state's oldest and most comprehensive university, UF is among the nation's most academically diverse public universities. UF has a long history of established programs in international education, research and service. It is one of only 17 public, land-grant universities that belong to the Association of American Universities UF traces its beginnings to a small seminary in 1853 and is now one of the largest universities in the nation, with more than 50,000 students. For more information, please consult the UF homepage at http://www.ufl.edu

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Job Description for Undergraduate Assistants The students to be hired for the project will be juniors and seniors with prior library work experience or similar work experience. Students will work under the direction of the Microfilm Center Supervisor in the following tasks: Evaluate conditions of master microfilm reels to be duplicated Verify pages and sequences are complete Oversee the duplication process, work to be carried out by a contracted vendor Check for quality control of duplicated microfilm reels Return master microfilms to Microfilm Center vault Prepare duplicate microfilm reels to be shipped to UFL for digitization Prepare reports of work accomplished

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The Foundation for The Gator Nation An Equal Opportunity Institution George A. Smathers Libraries 208 Smathers Library Collection Management Division PO Box 117007 Department of Special and Area Studies Collections Gainesville, FL 32611-7007 352-273-2778 352-846-2746 Fax www.uflib.ufl.edu/spec/ January 14, 2013 Re: National Digital Newspaper Project Grant This is a letter confirming my participation in and enthusiastic support for the Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project. Specifically, I agree to serv e as an Advisory Board member to review and select titles, create newspaper bi ographies and disseminate the project broadly, as described in the narrative. I am so pleased to be able to serve on the advisory board for this project, sharing my interest in opening public access to the content of Floridas historic ne wspapers. As curator for the P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History, I get constant feedback from sc holars and the general public about how much they appreciate having newspapers availabl e on the web. This interest is only going to increase as more and more historians focus on the 20th century as a topic of interest. In just this past year, three new books dealing with Reconstruction and the Jim Crow South have come out, all of them relying heavily on extensive searching and culling of information from news paper articles, combined with oral history source material. This project strengthens and enhances the University of Floridas existing database of online newspapers. It ensures more complete coverage of the 19th century for Florida while laying a strong groundwork for digital versions of expanded newspa pers coverage that occurred as Florida entered its first major boom period of development, population growth, an d expansion in the first two decades of the 20th century. I look forward to serving on the project. Sincerely, Dr. James G. Cusick P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History Special & Area Studies Collections George A. Smathers Library University of Florida Gainesville FL 32611 352-273-2778 jgcusick@ufl.edu

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Suzanna Engman < suzanna.engman2@upr.edu> URGENT: Letter of Commitment Fernando Pico Mon, Jan 7, 2013 at 6:24 PM To: Suzanna Engman Fernando Pic 1940 Sauco final San Juan, Puerto Rico 00927 January 8, 2013 Patrick Reakes Chair, Social Sciences Library George A. Smathers Libraries University of Florida PO Box 117000 Gainesville, FL 32611 7000 Dear Dr. Reakes, I am writing to express my commitment to serve on the scholar panel of the NE H Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project, to be funded by National Endowment for the Humanities. As a historian at the University of Puerto Rico for more than 40 years, I often have consulted the primary resources held by our university and look forward to sharing these valuable markers of history with other scholars and with the general public. The project will preserve and disseminate voices from the past while enabling keyword searching, which will open avenues for historical discourse amongst the scholarly As a member of the scholar panel, I will contribute to selection of newspapers published between 1836 and 1922 of which there are many to be digitized by the project and to w riting scholarly essays introducing the newspapers their historical and cultural significance. The selection criteria for the newspapers are: historical significance, broad geographic coverage, importance, and their limited availability in microfilm or oth er formats. Thank you for the opportunity to make the historical treasures of our campus available to the wider community of national and international scholars and to the general public. Sincerely, Fernando Pic Fernando Pic, Professor Department of History

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College of Journalism and Communications 3058 Weimer Hall Department of Journalism PO Box 118400 Ronald R. Rodgers Gainesville, FL Associate Professor 326118400 Office: 352/3928847 FAX (352) 8462673 rrodgers@jou.ufl.edu Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Institution December 29, 2012 Re: National Digital Newspaper Project Grant This is a letter confirming my participation in and enthusiastic support for the Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project My participation will include serving on an advisory board comprising librarians and journalism and history scholars; and as part of this board, I will help with selecting newspaper titles from a selection of available microfilmed newspapers and then write evaluative essays in support of the newspapers that we on the board select. My endorsement of this project and willingness to participate in any way possible is grounded in my belief that digital archives of every kind including newspapers are the future of communication and historical research as we proceed into the 21 st century. My support for projects such as this stems from many prompts. For one, I am a working media historian whose focus is on unpacking the consciousness of the past, as media scholar James Carey advised, and searching out history from the ground up as the British historian E.P. Thompson counseled. And one of the most excellent sources for doing so is newspapers especially if they are newspapers that have been digitally archived so that they are searchable. Indeed, the newspaper is an important venue for revealing the multiple demographic dimensions of the past and not just the words of notable personages and the elite. That is especially true of newspapers in the early twentieth century and before, which maintained a tradition of clipping items from other papers and running them verbatim or in summary. In doing so, the y acted as portals to discursive venues and sources from across the nation from the country to the city. Their pages offered the numerous views of and discussions by politicians, government officials, divines, social scientists, reformers, academics, readers, editors, editorial writers, and even journalists. That tradition of clipping and sharing helped preserve many voices of the past which would have undoubtedly

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been lost to history. Simply put, in some small part, contemporary efforts to digitize copies of newspapers that still survive help preserve the voices from newspapers that no longer exist. Secondly, the digitization of historical documents, books, periodicals, trade journals, and someday I hope archives themselves is creating new ways of parsing the texts of the past. Keyword searching and text analysis across both space and time are revealing entirely new ways of looking at And while the very frictionless and centralized advantages of digital research are certainly appealing, a further consideration makes this kind of grant proposal even more imperative. My own historical research in paper archives has more than once involved working with both newspapers and periodicals that crumbled in my hands and that were largely beyond repair. It is said that the past is another country. But if the records of that past are allowed to deteriorate, travel back to the past will be much more difficult or impossible. Finally, aside from research, preserving historical publications in digital form can also be especially useful in the classroom at any level. In my own teaching at the University of Florida, whether it is a skills course in editing or writing or a class dealing with the contemporary effects of mass communication on society, I have found the effortless access to documents from the past can offer students insights that helps them overcome their insular notions of presentism and come to a better understanding about how the past is in the present. Again, I repeat, I wholeheartedly endorse this proposal and confirm my commitment to it. Digitization of newspapers and the consequent added efficiency of digital research, it seems to me, is just at its beginning. This proposal is one more addition to bringing it to fruition and would certainly add to the efforts going on at libraries across the country that will offer scholars and citizens alike a resource to better understand the past and how it informs the present. Yours in collegiality Ronald R. Rodgers, Ph.D.

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Florida International University I 11200 SW 8 th Street I GL 225A I Miami, FL 33199 Phone: 305.348.3008 I Email: dloc@fiu.edu January 9, 2013 Patrick Reakes Chair, Humanities and Social Sciences Library George A. Smathers Libraries University of Florida PO Box 117000 Gainesville, FL 32611-7000 Dear Mr. Reakes, On behalf of the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) Scholarly and Executive Boards, it is with great pleasure that I write this letter of support for the Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project As the dLOC Program Director, I currently work to develop partnerships to promote Caribbean research resources in the K-12 and higher education environments through targeted outreach in Florida, the development of lesson plans and presentations in scholarly conferences. dLOC presents its resources annually at the Caribbean Studies Association, the Latin American Studies Association, the Association of Caribbean University, Research and Institutional Libraries and the Seminar on the Acquisition of Latin American Library Materials. In addition, dLOC also collaborates with US Department of Education Title VIfun ded National Resource Centers on Latin America to promote its resources in the K-12 environment. dLOC, with its technical infrastructure housed at the University of Florida (UF), is currently managing more than 30 partners and over 1.8 million pages of content which have registered more than 17 million hits. I am certain that UF, with its nearly ten years of experience working with digital projects in the Caribbean has deep expertise and a unique capacity to ensure this The University of Puerto Rico (UPR) has its own digital library and a small but very popular collection of newspaper-related resources in dLOC. More specifically, dLO C currently hosts two years of the newspaper El Mundo, which has registered more the 350,000 hits since 2011. This proposal, if funded, will allow UF and UPR to grow its success and develop an extensive series of digital resources-identified by experts in the field and aimed at transforming access to Puerto Rican newspapers and significantly enhancing re search and teaching related to the region.

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Florida International University I 11200 SW 8 th Street I GL 225A I Miami, FL 33199 Phone: 305.348.3008 I Email: dloc@fiu.edu The potential impact of this project cannot be underestimated and the need, according to colleagues in Puerto Rico, is tremendous. For example, the University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, hosted the first Humanities and Technology conference (THAT Camp Caribe) in the Caribbean Norma Sojo, lamented about the enormous challenges that students face when needing to conduct research with Puerto Rican newspapers. I was surprised to learn that the library, one of many understaffed and underfunded in the UPR system, only has one microfilm reader available and is even struggling to maintain its microfilm collection at all. Online access to key newspaper resources through dLOC would certainly be of great benefit to UPR and obviously would also serve many other scholars and students across the globe. As the Puerto Rican and Florida newspapers become available online, access to Puerto Rican newspapers will provide educators with important resources for use in their teaching on subjects such as slavery, trade, US foreign policy, among others. Additionally, dLOC will collaborate with the Title VI National Resource Centers to develop outreach events to explore the numerous events of historical importance in Puerto Rico between the 1830s and 1920s. If funded, The Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project will create the corpus of newspaper content needed to facilitate K18 outreach and teaching related to Puerto Rico. Thank you in advance for your consideration of this important project, and I look forward to working with the University of Florida and Puerto Rico to ensure the success of this project. Sincerely, Brooke Wooldridge Program Director, dLOC DIGITAL LIBRARY OF THE CARIBBEAN (dLOC) is a cooperative digital library for resources from and about the Caribbean and circum-Caribbean. The project is hosted by Florida International University Libraries and Latin American and Caribbean Center and the University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.

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Information submitted by: Jos A. Milln, Microfilming Center Acting Supervisor Edited by Myra Torres lamo December 2012 es-ES University of Puerto Rico es-ES Ro Piedras Campus Library System Microfilm Center INSTITUTIONS THAT SUBSCRIBE TO MICROFILMING CENTER SERVICES es-ES Puerto Rico es-ES es-ES Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Aguadilla es-ES Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Arecibo es-ES Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Bayamn es-ES Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Carolina es-ES Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Cayey es-ES Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Humacao es-ES Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Mayagez es-ES Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Ponce es-ES es-ES Universidad Interamericana, Recinto Metropolitano es-ES Universidad Interamericana, Recinto de Aguadilla es-ES Universidad Interamericana, Recinto de Arecibo es-ES Universidad Interamericana, Recinto de Barranquitas es-ES Universidad Interamericana, Recinto de Bayamn es-ES Universidad Interamericana, Recinto de Fajardo es-ES Universidad Interamericana, Recinto de Guayama es-ES Universidad Interamericana, Recinto de San Germn es-ES es-ES Universidad Catlica de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Ponce es-ES Universidad Catlica de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Mayagez es-ES es-ES Universidad Metropolitana, Recinto de Cupey, San Juan es-ES Universidad del Sagrado Corazn, Santurce es-ES es-ES Archivo Histrico de Ponce es-ES Archivo Histrico de Vega Baja es-ES Archivo Nacional de Teatro y Cine / Instituto de Cultura Puertorriquea, San Ju an es-ES Biblioteca Legislativa / Oficina de Servicios Legislativos, San Juan es-ES United States and International University of California at Berkeley, CA Harvard College Library, Cambridge, MA Hunter College / Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueos, New York Library of Congress/European and Latin American Acquisition s Division, Washington, D.C. New York Public Library State University of New York at Albany, NY University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT es-ES Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Espaa

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1 History of Awards 2012 Florida Digital Newspaper Library: Broadening Access and Users for digitization of 128 reels of the Jewish Floridian newspaper, and training programs for using of FDNL statewide; Florida Department of State, Division of Library and Information Services: $21,753 2012 Diario de Pernambuco Digital Newspaper Project ; Center for Research Libraries, Latin American Microform Project: $25,000 2011 Moving Forward! A second phase project to digitize anniversary issues of the legendary American Jewish newspaper (200 papers), the Forverts (Jewish Daily Forward); Smathers Libraries Mini Grants Program: $1,280 2010 Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library Tech Fee Project to digitize El Mundo and other materials as selected by faculty for their classes; Florida International University: $30,000 2010 The Price Library of Judaica Anniversary Collection: A first project to digitize a unique set of Jewish newspapers to digitize 32 anniversary issues of 28 Jewish newspapers from 19 different world cities; Smathers Libraries Mini Grants Program: $2,390 2009 Catalog of Digital Historical Newspapers ; Smathers Libraries Mini Grants Program: $3,000 2009 Florida Military Newspaper Digital Collections Smathers Libraries Mini Grants Program: $4,391 2009 Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library ; US Department of Education (Florida International University applicant for $440,000, UF subcontractor): $123,702 2007 Clewiston Library Digitization Project; Florida Department of State, Division of Library and Information Services (Hendry County Library Cooperative applicant, UF subcontractor): $3,255 2005 Rewiring Florida’s News: from microfilm to digital ; Florida Department of State, Division of Library and Information Services: $199,321 2005 National Digital Newspaper Program: Florida newspaper, 1900 1910 digitizing 100,000 pages of newspaper from microfilm; NEH: $465,355 2002 Preserving Access to Florida’s Newspapers ; Florida Department of State, Division of Library and Information Services: $102,959

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2 1995 2001 Florida Newspaper Project/US Newspaper Program ; microfilmed 785,690 pages; NEH: $678,628; NEH: $287,092 1988 Puerto Rico Newspaper Project: Cataloging and Microfilming to support Puerto Rico’s participation in the US Newspaper Program, cataloguing 650 newspaper titles and microfilming 1.5 million pages; NEH: $155,271

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Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project University of Florida LIST OF ADVISORY BOARD MEMBERS Luis Fernando Coss Pontn, PhD James Cusick, PhD Mike Denham, PhD Mary F. Gallart Calzada, PhD Gary Mormino, PhD Ronald Rogers, PhD Fernando Pic, PhD Vctor Federico Torres, PhD



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Experiences from the Field Leah Weinryb Grohsgal November 19, 2013 Digging into old newspapers can reveal a wealth of information about historical events, changing attitudes and ideas, and individuals everything from the Civil War to Texas border disputes, local African epidemic of 1918, and even long lost relatives. Since 2005, the National Digital Newspaper Program, a partnership between NEH and the Library of Congress, has sought to bring historic newspapers to the public by creating a national, searchable database o f newspapers published in the United States and Territories between 1836 and 1922. Chronicling America site currently offers anyone with an internet connection access to over 6 mi llion pages and we are adding new papers every month! State partners from libraries, archives, and historical societies across the country do the work of digitizing and submitting the papers, and each fall, representatives from these state projects meet i n Washington, DC. state partners Missouri, Florida, Texas, and Minnesota and what has surprised them so far. The Mosaic of American History The newspapers in Chronicling America reveal the distinctive histories of states and territories at the same time as they paint a national picture. Historians, professors, librarians, new spaper professionals, and other experts select newspapers for digitization in each state with an eye toward understanding the Gerald Hirsch of the State Historical Society of Missouri reported that the Missouri Digital New rural agricultural regions, the Ozark Mountains in the southwest, and the southeast region more closely affiliated with the South, as well as immigration and commerce alon g the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers. Similarly, Patrick Reakes of the University of Florida explained that, in a recently established partnership between his state and Puerto Rico, the state and territory would seek to focus on a mix of metropolitan and rural papers. And, in a state with as much movement of peoples as Texas, Cathy cities and coastal zones, migration, transportation, shipping, populatio n shifts, and cultural movement across early Texas. Participants agreed that the newspapers in Chronicling America move beyond state and local history, offering perspectives on national history. In Texas, for example, Hartman reflected that newspapers fro m the Rio Grande Valley area offer evidence about the various Texas border conflicts that took place at the turn of the 20 th century disputes which resonate today. A nd in Minnesota, Jane Wong noted that newspapers document local issues with national inflection from the territorial days and early statehood to the Civil War, new immigrant communities, and the growth of railroad towns and the Twin Cities. Minnesota incl uded newspapers from Ojibwe tribe, African American communities, the Grange, labor and women editors, and representative publications from all political viewpoints. Exploring the Nation at Ground Level Directors of newspaper projects indicated that t historic newspapers. strange, and tragic. making the

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to national and international e One challenge in dealing with newspapers from all over the country is that not all of them were published in English. The Library of Congress has now added the capability of digitizing newspapers in nine languages (with more to come), and states are taking advantage of this new functionality. Missouri, for example, is feeding a reignited interest in its German heritage, especially along the Missouri River between St. Louis and the center of the state; Minnesota is also adding German newspapers, a nd assisting with such publications from both Iowa and North Dakota. Rico, perhaps unsurprisingly, has a higher percentage of foreign language materials than any previous project 50% of the pages to be digitized are in Spanish. Texas, similarly, has worked with New Mexico to ensure that its Spanish newspapers are correctly scanned and searchable. Surprising Uses The newspapers in Chronicling America have seen many uses, project directors reported some of them surprising even to those who posted the papers. newspapers have been used to track the spread of contagious diseases across the country or the state. People also learn about themselves: Hirsch, of Missouri, reflected tha t the first search researchers usually conduct is their own last name sometimes with interesting results. Dan Gelatt, who assists the Minnesota Historical Society in digitizing state newspapers, found information on his great uncle moving across the upper Midwest from Missouri to Minnesota, Michigan, Kentucky, and Wisconsin, including the story (reprinted in at least seven papers from Wichita to New York) of his falling in love with a Jewish woman and conversion to Judaism. Full text searching, pointed ou locate family members and place them in context, rather than just visiting a vital records listing. Researchers in Minnesota were also able, according to Wong, to investigate a grave stone in Project directors pointed to the wealth of information found across newspapers not only for individual stories, but also to indicate broader trends. Gerald Hirsch, for example, poin ted to the creation of War themed newspaper articles, the subjects of which are now being turned into a book. Minnesota scholars, according to Jane Wong, have used advertisements in the newspapers to track social and cultural trends. In Texas, reports Cathy Hartman, researchers have used 19th century newspapers to study voting practices, particularly after the Civil War, as well as migration to and movement across Texas in the time when the port of Galveston was the immigrants. For a flavorful turn, a researcher is even using Chronicling America to compile early 20th century Texas recipes! Forging Ahead The National Digital Newspaper Program encourages new states to learn from those that have participated in the program before, either by way of formal partnerships or through informal consultations. The Annual Meeting provided an opportunity for participants to share their experiences with one another. These partnerships allow more newspa pers to be digitized, but also reflect the realities of U.S. history. thro ughout the region. allows for a fuller picture of the Caribbean basin and sheds light on historical events in the region. The collaboration with Oklahoma and New Mexico, as well as her advice and support for Louisiana and Alabama as they forged their own partnership. Partners are also realistic about the future noting that not all newspapers will be digitized by the National Dig ital Newspaper Program. State partners are attempting to connect Chronicling America with The Portal to Texas

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Histo ry All the partners agreed, however, that the National Digital Newspaper program gave them the means to begin digitizing and making available state newspapers. continue to digitize according to the same standards. Jane Wong, similarly, credits the NDNP program with both launching and providing a strong foundation for the digitizing effort, which she says the Minnesot a Historical Society intends to continue. Patrick Reakes hopes for continued expanded access, publicity, and outreach for Florida newspapers, and Cathy Hartman credits NDNP with getting Texas' newspaper digitization program successfully launched and hopes to grow it. Thanks to Gerald Hirsch, The State Historical Society of Missouri; Jane Wong, Minnesota Historical Society; Patrick Reakes, University of Florida; and Cathy Hartman, University of North Texas. Provided by http://www.neh.gov/divisions/preservation/featured project/preserving a mericas historic newspapers experiences the