<%BANNER%>

The Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC): Creating a Shared Research Foundation

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC): Creating a Shared Research Foundation
Series Title:
INKE Conferencein Havana, Cuba, December 2012
Physical Description:
Conference paper
Language:
English
Creator:
Taylor, Laurie N.
Vargas-Betancourt, Margarita
Wooldridge, Brooke
Publisher:
Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC)
Place of Publication:
Miami, FL
Publication Date:

Notes

Abstract:
Paper for the INKE 2012 Conference in Havana, Cuba. Paper also submitted for review for the INKE Conference Proceedings; paper posted here for Open Access and context within dLOC. This article explains the history and development of the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) as a research foundation for reading, writing, and researching the Caribbean and thus as part of the scholarly cyberinfrastructure for Caribbean Studies. As a research foundation, dLOC includes technical, social, governmental, and procedural supports including open source tools, executive and scholarly advisory boards for governance, permissions-based rights model to support intellectual property as well as cultural and moral rights, and a core support team. As a research foundation, dLOC supports new forms of research as well as new ways of reading and writing Caribbean Studies.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:

This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative License. This license allows others to download this work and share them with others as long as they mention the author and link back to the author, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.
System ID:
AA00019156:00001

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC): Creating a Shared Research Foundation
Series Title:
INKE Conferencein Havana, Cuba, December 2012
Physical Description:
Conference paper
Language:
English
Creator:
Taylor, Laurie N.
Vargas-Betancourt, Margarita
Wooldridge, Brooke
Publisher:
Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC)
Place of Publication:
Miami, FL
Publication Date:

Notes

Abstract:
Paper for the INKE 2012 Conference in Havana, Cuba. Paper also submitted for review for the INKE Conference Proceedings; paper posted here for Open Access and context within dLOC. This article explains the history and development of the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) as a research foundation for reading, writing, and researching the Caribbean and thus as part of the scholarly cyberinfrastructure for Caribbean Studies. As a research foundation, dLOC includes technical, social, governmental, and procedural supports including open source tools, executive and scholarly advisory boards for governance, permissions-based rights model to support intellectual property as well as cultural and moral rights, and a core support team. As a research foundation, dLOC supports new forms of research as well as new ways of reading and writing Caribbean Studies.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:

This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative License. This license allows others to download this work and share them with others as long as they mention the author and link back to the author, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.
System ID:
AA00019156:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text

PAGE 1

Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) 1 Brief Bios Laurie N. Taylor; Assistant University Librarian; University of Florida ; Digital Services, Smathers Libraries, P.O. Box 117003, Gainesville, FL 32611 ; laurien@ufl.edu Margarita Vargas Betancourt; Assistant University Librarian; University of Florida ; Latin American Collection, Smathers Library, PO Box 117009, Gainesville, FL 32611 ; mvargasb@ufl.edu Brooke Wooldridge; dLOC Program Director; Florida International Univer sity ; FIU Libraries, GL 225A, University Park, Miami, FL 33199 ; bwooldri@fiu.edu The Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC): Creating a Shared Research Foundation Laurie N. Taylor, University of Florida ; Margarita Vargas Betancourt, University of Florid a ; Brooke Wooldridge, Florida International University Abstract This article explains the history and development of the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) as a research foundation for reading, writing, and researching the Caribbean and thus as part of the scholarly cyberinfrastructure for Caribbean Studies. As a research foundation, dLOC includes technical, social, governmental, and procedural supports including open source tools, executive and scholarly advisory boards for governance, permissions b ased rights model to support intellectual property as well as cultural and moral rights, and a core support team. As a research foundation, dLOC supports new forms of research as well as new ways of reading and writing Caribbean Studies. Keywords: Digital libraries, digital humanities, scholarly cyberinfrastructure, Digital Library of the Caribbean, dLOC, scholarly communications, peer review Introduction T he Digital L ibrary of the Caribbean (dLOC) i s a research foundation for reading, writing, and resear ching the Caribbean and thus is part of the scholarly cyberinfrastructure for Caribbean Studies dLOC is a cooperative digital library for resources from and about the Caribbean and circum Caribbean, which provides access to digitized and curated digital v ersions of Caribbean cultural, historical and research materials held in archives, museums, libraries, academic institutions, and private collections ( 2012, About ) dLOC follows the Association of Caribbean University, Research and Institutional Lib raries (ACURIL) in defining Guianas), and the states of the United States of America which border on the Caribbean Sea or Gulf of Mexico ( 2012, ACURIL ). As a research foundation, dLOC includes technical, social, governmental, and procedural supports including open source tools, executive and scholarly advisory boards for governance, permissions based rights model to support intellectual property as well as cultural and moral rights, and a core support team. dLOC emerged from a long history of collaborative resource sharing for access and preservation using print and microfilm. While access and preservation remain primary concerns, dLOC is concerned not o nly with content but also with context. Many of the mat erials in dLOC are unique and, while well known for their importance within a specific country or discipline, the

PAGE 2

Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) 2 materials lack antecedents in prior research and representation and placement within sc holarly discourse. In order for these materials to be read, written, and researched by scholars, citizens of the country of origin, and the global public, curation in terms of context creation is necessary. Using several examples from dLOC partners and sch olars including the Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba Jos Mart and an online, curated exhibit this article will show new practices and concerns for understanding research foundations in the digital age. About dLOC : Leveraging Supports for Preservation and Acc ess dLOC developed out of long standing partnerships across the Caribbean for preservation and access. In order to continue to grow and develop, dLOC leveraged the socio technical scholarly cyberinfrastructure developed to support preservation and access to leverage that infrastructure to also serve the needs of scholars, students, and the global public. In prior incarnations of print collaborations, Morse wr ote in 1964 about the valuable contributions of librarians and archivists for Latin American and C compilation, devising of research aids, and enhanceme 1964, p 109 ). Library and archival work, as research and service, has created the foundation for area studies and continues to do so in the digital age. In both print and digital versions, the work of librarians and archivists served the core needs for preservat ion and access and building new supports as with conducting research to create bibliographies and finding aids that enabled new types of research, reading, and writing So, too, in the digital age is the work for preservation and access once again further developed and utilized in service of enabling new forms of research, reading, and writing. As the Final Report of the Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access 2010, p 9 ). The reverse is also true for digital libraries: without access, there is no preservation. For digital libraries, preservation concerns must also be access concerns because the preservation work itself requires repeated access to validate the preservation proc esses and because the intended goals of preservation cannot be supported without also supporting access. Digital preservation work demands access to files as a necessary part of that testing and validation. Access is thus an ever present workflow requireme nt. Access is required to support digital preservation as an ongoing process for the lifecycle of digital information and materials. Even for a relatively small set of materials, the work to support digital preservation is a perpetual process within the in formation lifecycle. The Committee for Film Preservation and Public Access before The National Film Preservation Board of the Library of Congress notes this in speaking about film preservation, entitling their thout access is poi 1993, p. 1). Digital libraries perform ongoing and changing work in order to support digital preservation. Because digital libraries must continually ad apt technologies and conduct ongoing work to support digital preservation processes, digital li braries face challenges that require a community for support. In developing the community for support, digital libraries are socio technical systems that can be leveraged and expanded for larger scholarly communications needs. In addition to the ongoing p rocessing and technical requirements for digital libraries to support preservation and access, Borgman reminds: associated with information, such as managing trust, identity, location, and intellectual property, w 2007, p. 265).

PAGE 3

Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) 3 Borgman correctly identifies that technologies should be in service to and structured in response to the social needs. An additional corollary to this is that t he technologies developed, as informed by the social issues, can then be leveraged to also serve additional socio technical needs. For dLOC, the socio technical development cycle meant first developing the core pres ervation and access supports: governance model by partner institutions; scholarly advisory board; permissions based rights model where all partners, scholars, and contributors retain their rights to their materials and simply grant permissions for the materials to be made accessible online and t o be preserved; and the dLOC community in which all changes and concerns could be addressed and supported. For instance, Renwick writes in her evaluation of Caribbean digital library initiatives: provide. This 2011, p 10). Renwick continues on to explain: Of the various digital initiatives that have arisen over the last decade, dLOC is the one that is first, if not the only one, identified by many librarians and academics in various countries of the Caribbean. It is not a household name but other initiatives are less well known and mostly popular among niche groups of scholars and researchers and, often, within a single lang uage group. The dLOC has persevered thus far whilst other equally ambitious projects have either lapsed or reduced to a much narrower scope. For the dLOC the political, cultural and language issues affect not only the type of material provided but all of t he mechanisms to do so: the coordination, collaboration, presentation and access issues. The dLOC has been described as thriving for a number of reasons: it has proven to be trustworthy, flexible, responsive, adaptable, accommodating, willing to evolve, pr oactive, dynamic, empowering and has demonstrated goodwill to its partners by initiating humanitarian efforts. ( 2011, p. 9) From this strong fou ndation, dLOC continues to develop the community and s cholarly cyberinfrastructure to place dLO C in to the core o f scholarly communications to enable new research, reading, and writing practices. Understanding Research Foundations in the Digital Age : New Practices and Concerns technolo gies, community, and contents, but also in the context materials meaningful, topical collections have been developed within a subject area, so that users can find related materials easily 2011, p. 12). This also follows from B 2007, p. 10). dLOC provides context through facilitating the creation by partners and scholars of topical collections for specifi c areas and online, curated exhibits, as well as by ensuring all materials are attributed to and represented within the online presence for the partners that contributed the materials. This context is critically necessary for the materials themselves to be useful and used as part of the research foundation that allows for reading to occur. Many of the materials in dLOC are of critical importance for specific research areas. However, because so many of the materials in dLOC are unique, access to the materia ls has been restricted with the unique items often in remote archives and often needing additional restrictions on access to ensure the materials are protected for preservation. These restrictions create a fundamental lack of access that, in turn, restrict s the research possibilities for these materials. Placing the materials online removes the first of those fundamental obstacles to access. However, the materials do not exist within the realm of scholarly communications and discourse until they

PAGE 4

Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) 4 are connect ed to scholars and those communities and networks. In order for these sorts of unique materials to be part of the research foundations curation in terms of context creation is necessary. From the initial planning discussions, dLOC was concerned with pres enting and representing context as a socio technical requirement to support moral and cultural heritage rights for full attribution. Full attribution for moral and cultural heritages rights are related to copyright, which is a property right, and add respo nsibilities and rights in terms of representation with full attribution and for the wholeness of the work. The dLOC partners agreed that full attribution is needed for both the content creators and the partners who have preserved and provided access to the content. Thus, a single author book would include attribution for the author and for the institution that holds and is providing access to the book. The dLOC Partners page lists all of the dLOC partners and links to the individual collection pages for e ach of the partners. For instance, o ne of the dLOC partners is t he Universidad de Oriente in Venezuela In 2011, the Universidad de Oriente contributed a series of books and oral histories to dLOC, sharing their research with the world and to lay the found ation for fu ture research and collaboration by promoting and defining the place and research being done by the Universidad de Oriente as well as dLOC and the Universidad de Oriente because of the full attribution and representational model. In a similar manner to the new research works created and published by the Universidad de Oriente, the Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba Jos Mart has recreated extremely rare and hard to fi nd books from their collection as digital books, contributed them to dLOC for the world to access and to ensure worldwide preservation. In doing so, the Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba Jos Mart has changed access, transmission, reading, and understanding boo ks in the digital age by creating a research foundation that did not previously exist because of limitations to access. Through dLOC, the books are now accessible and they are accessible with a direct relationship to the Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba Jos Ma rt The books alone and as presented in relation to the holding institution contribute to the foundation for research on Cuba. In addition to specific partners presenting their materials together in relation to the partner institutions, scholars are als o collaborating with the dLOC community to create new scholarly book equivalent works using materials in dLOC. As Judith Rogers and Brooke Wooldridge note: The true test of value of the dLOC content is demonstrated by growing relationships with researcher s and educators that create an environment conducive to new digital humanities collaborations. As more content becomes available online, the opportunities for collaboration and innovation in scholarship expand. dLOC in effect serves as a virtual digital h umanities center. ( 2011, p. 5) For example, Silvia is curating Haiti: An Island Luminous which is an online exhibit or edited collection with over 170 pages of content created by various scholars with the content linked to the primary materials in dLOC ( 2012) dLOC serves as the infrastructure supporting Haiti: An Island Luminous Silvia has paired historical documents with expert guest commentary from top scholars and designed it to function like a slideshow and timeline to allow navigation through hist ory, providing links to primary and secondary sources and introducing readers to leading scholars, past and present. Haiti: An Island Luminous is a showcase for scholarly research and primary materials. Silvia decided to begin this ambitious project becaus e of the rich materials in dLOC and the need to place them in context so that people could read these materials and could

PAGE 5

Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) 5 read Haitian history in new ways with the foundation from these materials and context provided by scholars. Another related example i s the About Face : Revisiting Jamaica's First Exhibition in Europe online exhibit (2012) The About Face exhibit is the collaboration of two scholars working with the dLOC Exhibits Coordinator to develop a scholarly curated online exhibit re presenting the historical Face of Jamaica exhibit. The Face of Jamaica exhibit was created one year after Jamaica celebrated its independence and the exhibit toured Europe from 1963 1964, but was never shown in Jamaica. The About Face online exhibit includes materials fr om the original exhibit as well as contemporary documents showing the reception of the original exhibit. The new exhibit also includes scholar commentary and analysis on the contents and historical importance of the exhibit. Where Haiti: An Island Luminous emerged from the recognition of the need to place materials in dLOC in context order to enrich the materials, scholarly field, and public ability to access and understand the materials, the About Face exhibit began with the scholar curators having already identified the need for this project, and looking for a venue which could support the scholarly and public access to the primary materials and the new exhibit as a work of scholarship. The scholarly community connected the scholar curators to dLOC as the place and foundation for the scholar Other examples include how dLOC supports context creation through teaching materials and guides as with which provides context for teachers and students using dLOC for access to, context for, and information about Caribbean literature. addition, dLOC works with scholars and K 12 educators to incorporate these materials into research an d teaching, providing greater context for contributed resources and further promoting 2009, p. 2 ). Additional supports are also being added for digital scholarship, with dLOC currently developing several initiatives to ensure peer review of Haiti: An Island Luminous About Face, and other scholarly works, again providing the socio technical research foundations for these works to be read. Conclusion The Digital L ibrary of the Caribbea n (dLOC) i s a research foundation for Caribbean Studies. As such, it also forms part of the scholarly cyberinfrastructure enabling new modes reading, writing, and researching In doing so, dLOC enables new forms of scholarship and new ways of doing scholar ly work, including supporting greater public engagement that can, in turn, again further vitalize scholarly research. As Borgman argues: anists have access to the smallest proportion of their by the publications compone nt of the content layer. ( 2007, p. 214 215) dLOC presents one example of how to cr eate scholarly cyberinfrastructure from a full socio technical perspective that leverages capacity created from library and archival preservation and access projects to engage with and empower the scholarly community in order to collaboratively develop a f ull research foundation. dLOC and the dLOC Model based on equity, access, representation, attribution, community, and communication offer new ways of thinking about research foundations and reading and writing in the digital age.

PAGE 6

Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) 6 Works Cited Archer, Pet rine and Claudia Hucke curators (2012) Ab out Face: Revisiting Jamaica's first e xhibition in Europe URL: http://exhibits.uflib.ufl.edu/aboutface/ Association of Caribbean University, Research and ACURILNET URL: http://acuril.uprrp.edu/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=12&Itemid=2 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access. (2010 February ). Sustainable economics for a digital planet ensuring long term access to digital information: Final r eport of the Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservat ion and Access. Washington, DC. URL: http://brtf.sdsc.edu/publications.html Borgman, Christine L. (2007). Scholarship in the digital age: Information, i nfrastructure, and the Internet. Cambridge, MA : MIT Press. Committee for Film Preservation and Public Access. (1993 12 Feb ruary ). Preservation w ithout access is pointless: Statement by the Committee f or Film Preservation and Public Access before t he National Film Preservation Board of the Library Los Angeles, California. URL: http://www.loc.gov/film/pdfs/fcmtefilmprespubaccess.pdf Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC). (2012). dLOC Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC). URL: http://dloc.com/dloc1/about Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC). Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC). URL: http://www.dloc.com/info/partners Morse, Richard M. (1964). American Academy of Political and Social Science, Annals 365 : 106 1 12. URL: http://ann.sagepub.com/content/356/1/106.full.pdf+html Renwick, Shamin. (2011, April) "Caribbean digital library i nitiatives in the Twenty first Century: the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC)" Alexandria (Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 1 18). URL: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/ content/manup/alex/2011/00000022/00000001/art0 0001 Rogers, Judith and Brooke Wooldridge. (2011 August 10 11 ). "Collaborative digital collections: Caribbean solutions for effective resource building and successful partnerships." International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions Satellite Conference: Acquisition and Collection Development Section; University of the Virgin Islands. URL: http://www.library.mcgill.ca/ifla stthomas/papers/rogers_2011.pdf Rosenberg, Leah ( May Digital Library of the Caribbean ( dLOC). URL: http://dloc.com/AA00011396/00001 Silvia, Adam. (2012) Haiti: An Island Luminous. URL: http://www.dloc.com/exhibits/islandluminous Wooldridge, Brooke, Laurie Taylor, and Mark Sullivan. (2009). "Managing an Open Access, multi institutional, international digital l ibrary: T he Digital Library of the Caribbean." Resource Sharing & Information Networks ( Vol 20, 1 2 p p. 35 44 and 1 10 ) DOI: 10.1080/07377790903014534 and URL: http://dloc.com/AA00004150/00001/pdf