Regulations governing the inspection, humane handling, and safe transport of animals carried by ocean steamers from the ...

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Title:
Regulations governing the inspection, humane handling, and safe transport of animals carried by ocean steamers from the United states to foreign countries
Physical Description:
18 p. : ; 18 cm
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Animal Industry
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:

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Subjects / Keywords:
Animal industry -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
legislation   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

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Statement of Responsibility:
United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 029970591
oclc - 85229081
System ID:
AA00019117:00001

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Property of the Unitld States Government

Issutid Drecember 15, I106.


U. S. DEPARTMENT


OF AGRICULTURE,


BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY-ORDER No. l.'.
A. D. MELVIN. CHIEF OF BREAL.





REGULATIONS



GOVERNING THE




INSPECTION, HUMANE HANDLING, AND SAFE TRANSPORT OF
ANIMALS CARRIED BY OCEAN STEAMERS FROM THE
UNITED STATES TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES.


WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.


1906.



















U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY,
lWashington, D. C., November 30, 1906.
Under authority of the act of Congress approved August 30, 1890,
entitled "An act providing for the inspection of meats for exporta-
tion, prohibiting the importation of adulterated articles of food or
drink, and authorizing the President to make proclamation in certain
cases, and for other purposes; of the act of Congress approved
March 3, 1891, entitled "An act to provide for the safe transport
and humane treatment of export cattle from the United States to
foreign countries, and for other purposes," and of the acts of Con-
gress approved March 22, 1898, and June 30, 1906, making appro-
priations for the Department of Agriculture, the following regu-
lations are hereby prescribed for. the inspection, humane treatment,
and care of live stock and for fitting vessels engaged in the trans-
portation of animals from the United States to foreign countries.
These regulations, which for the purpose of identification are
designated as B. A. I. Order No. 139, supersede all previous regula-
tions on the same subject, and shall become and be effective on and
after December 1, 1906.
JAMES WILSON, Secretary.
(2)

















CONTENTS.


Page.
General provisions------------------------------------------ 5
Places of inspection ----------------------------------------- 5
Horses ----------------------------------- ------------------ 5
Definition of terms --------------------------------------------- 6
Inspection and shipment--------------------------------------------- 6
Identification of animals and notification of shipment -------------- 6
Transportation from yards to steamers---------------------------- 6
Animals not allowed shipment ------------------------------------ 7
Supervision to steamers; clearance papers ---------------------- 7
Notification to inspectors of intended shipments on steamers-------- 7
Space on vessels ---------------------------------------------------- 7
Cattle -------------------------------------------------------- 7
Sheep and goats------------------------------------------------- 8
Swine --------------------------------------------------------- 8
Horses -------------------------------------------------8------- 8
Upper-deck fittings -------------------------------------------------- 8
Alleyways ----------------------------------------------------- 9
Wooden stanchions and rump boards------------------------------ 9
Iron stanchions ------------------------------------- ---------- 10
Hook bolts or clamps-------------------------------------------- 10
Beams -----------------------------_--- ------------------------10
Braces -------------------------------------------------------- 10
Headboards ---------------------------------------------------- 10
Headpipes -----------------------------------------------------11
Footboards ----------------------------------------------------- 11
Division boards ----------------------------------------------- 11
Division pipes ------------------------------------------------ 11
Division boards for horses --------------------------------------- 11
Flooring ----------------------------------------------------- 11
Foot locks---------- ------------------------------------------- 12
Outside planking___ -----------------------------------------------12
Shelter-deck planking ------------------------------------------- 12
Cattle fittings over spar deck------------------------------------- 12
Under-deck fittings ------------------------------------------------ 13
Alleyways ----------------------------------------------------- 13
Stanchions ----------------------------------------------------- 13
Headboards, etc--------------------------------------------- -- 13
Troughs ----------------------------------------------------------- 13
Pens at ends of hatches--_------------------------------------------- 13
Protection from heat of boilers --------------------------------------- 13
Casing for steering gear -------------------------------------------- 13
Sheep and goat pens------------------------------------------------ 14
Shelter deck --------------------------------------------------- 14
Upper deck ----------------- ---------------------------------- 14
Under deck--------------------------------------------------- 14
Ventilation ---------------------_----------------------------------- 14
Spar deck ----------------------------------------------------- 14
Third deck---------------------- ------------------------------ 15
Hatches ----------------------------------------------------------- 15
Lighting ---------------------------------------------- 15
Feed and water---------------------------------------------------- 15
(3)









Page.
Attendants -------------- -- ------------ 16
Employment and character----------------------------- --------- 16
Cattle attendants -------------------------------------------- 16
Sheep and goat attendants---------------------------------------- 16
Horse attendants -------------------------------- 17
Additional help------------------------------------------------- 17
Rest. loading, inspection, certificates, etc------------------------------- 17
Rest before embarkation ---------------------------------------- 17
Loading, etc-------- --------------------------------------- 17
Certificates of inspection ---------------------------------------- 17
Defective fittings ----------------------------------------------- 18
Cleansing of false decks and temporary troughs.. ---------------18
Head ropes, etc------------------------------------------------ 18
Injured animals------------------------------------------------ 18
































1













[B. A. I. ORDER No0. 139.]


REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE INSPECTION, HUMANE HAN-
DLING, AND SAFE TRANSPORT OF ANIMALS CARRIED BY OCEAN
STEAMERS FROM THE UNITED STATES TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES.


GENERAL PROVISIONS.

Regulation 1. No cattle, sheep, swine, or goats shall be exported
from the United States to any foreign country unless and until the
same have been inspected and found free from disease or exposure
thereto by an inspector of the Bureau of Animnal Industry of this
Department; and unless the Secretary of Agriculture shall have
waived the requirement of a certificate of inspection for the particu-
lar country to which* such animals are to be exported no clearance
shall be issued to aniy vessel carrying such animals, unless and until
a certificate of inspection showing freedom from disease or exposure
thereto shall have been issued by the Department of Agriculture.
The requirement of a certificate for shipments of such animals to
Cuba, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America. and the countries
of South. America, excepting Argentina and Uruguay, is hereby
waived.
PLACES OF INSPECTION.

The inspection provided for in this regulation will be made at any
of the following-named stock yards: Chicago, Ill.; Kansas City,
Mo.; Omaha, Nebr.; South St. Joseph, Mo.; National Stock Yards,
111.; Indianapolis, Ind.; Buffalo, N. Y., and Pittsburg, Pa., and at
the following ports of export: Portland, Me.; Boston, Mass.; New
York, N. Y.; Philadelphia, Pa.; Baltimore, Md.; Norfolk and New-
port News, Va.; Port Royal, S. C.; New Orleans, La., and Galves-
Ston, Tex. All animals will be inspected at ports of export, regardless
of the fact that they may or may not have been inspected at the
above-named stock yards.
HORSES.

Regulation 2. Horses shall be entitled to the inspection provided
for in these regulations, and certificates shall be issued whenever
required by the country to which the horses are to be exported, but
horses may be shipped without inspection and certification, at shippers
risk, to countries which do not demand such inspection and certifica-
tion as a prerequisite to admission.
(5)







DEFINITION OF TERMS.
Regulation 3. Whenever in these regulations the following words,
names, or terms are used, they shall be construed as follows:
Inspector of Port, Inspector, Assistant, Employee.-These terms shall
mean, respectively, the inspector in charge of the Bureau of Animal
Industry station at the port from which the animals are to be ex-
ported, and inspectors, assistants, and employees of the Bureau of
Animal Industry.
Lumber.-This word, unless otherwise stated, shall mean hard pine,
spruce, oak, or other hardwood.
Animals.-This word refers to cattle, sheep, swine,, and goats, also
horses, unless it is inapplicable to them under Regulation 2.
Horses.-This word shall include mules and asses.

INSPECTION AND SHIPMENT.
SRegulation 4. Only animals found to be healthy and free from dis-
ease and shown not to have been exposed to the contagion of any
disease shall be allowed shipment, and all animals inspected and past
shall be loaded into clean and disinfected cars.
All animals shall be inspected or reinspected at the port of export.
Railroad companies will be required to furnish clean and disinfected
cars for the transportation of animals for export, and the proprietors
of the various stock yards and stables located at the ports of export
shall keep separate, clean, and disinfected stock yards and pens or
stables for the use of export animals.
IDENTIFICATION OF ANIMALS AND NOTIFICATION OF SHIPMENT.
Regulation 5. Shippers shall notify the inspector in charge of the
yards of intended shipments of animals and the number and designa-
tion of cars in which they are to be shipped, and shall inform said
inspector of the lochlitv from which said animals have been brought,
and the name of the feeder of said animals, and shall furnish such
other information as may be practicable for the proper identification
of the place from which said animals have come.
Regulation 6. The inspector after passing said animals shall notifV
the inspector in charge of the port of export, and inspectors located
at intermediate cities where the animals may be unloaded for feed-
ing and watering, of the inspection and shipment of such animals,
the number and kind of animals shipped, and the numbers and desig-
nations of the cars containing them.
TRANSPORTATION FROM YARDS TO STEAMERS.
Regulation 7. Export animals shall not be unnecessarily past over
any highway or removed to cars or boats which are used for convey-
ing other animals. Boats transporting said animals to the ocean
steamer must first be cleansed and disinfected with lime wash under
the supervision of the inspector of the port, and the ocean steamer
shall, before receiving said animals, be thoroly cleansed or disin-
fected in accordance with the directions of said inspector. When
passage upon or across the public highway is unavoidable in the
transportation of animals from the cars to the boat it shall be under
such careful supervision and restrictions as the inspector may direct.







ANIMALS NOT ALLOWED SHIPMENT.
Regulation 8. Any animals that are offered for shipment to a
foreign country which have not been inspected and transported in
accordance with these regulations, or which, having been inspected,
are adjudged to be infected or to have been exposed to infection so
as to be dangerous to other animals or to be otherwise unfit for ship-
ment, shall not be allowed upon any vessel for exportation.
SUPERVISION TO STEAMERS-CLEARANCE PAPERS.
Regulation 9. The supervision of the movement of animals from
cars, yards, and stables to the ocean steamer at the port of export
will be in charge of the inspector of the port.
The inspector at the port. of export shall notify the collector of
the port, or his deputy, of the various shipments of animals that are
entitled to clearance papers.
NOTIFICATION TO INSPECTORS OF INTENDED SHIPMENTS ON
STEAMERS.
Regulation 10. The exporters of animals or the owner, agent, or
master of any vessel desiring to transport animals from any port of
the United States to a foreign country shall notify the inspector in
charge of the port from which said vessel is to clear of such intended
shipment at least two days in advance thereof, and if the regula-
tions prescribed have been complied with a clearance shall be au-
thorized by such inspector.

SPACE ON VESSELS.

Regulation 11. Export animals must not be carried on any part of
the vessel where they will interfere with the proper management of
the vessel, or with the efficient working of the necessary lifeboats,
or with the requisite ventilation of the vessel, and may be carried
only as hereinafter specified.
CATTLE.

Regulation 12. Cattle must have 6 feet vertical space on all decks,
free of all obstructions; cattle may, however, be placed on raised
floors over pipes and other similar obstructions where the vertical
space is 5 feet 6 inches. Cattle carried on the upper or other exposed
decks must be allowed a space of 2 feet. 6 inches in width by 8 feet
in depth per head. Cattle loaded under decks must be allowed a
space of 2 feet 8 inches in width by 8 feet in depth, except in the
case of regular cattle ships with satisfactory ventilation, which may
fit with an allowance of 2 feet 6 inches in width.
No more than four head of cattle will be allowed in each pen, ex-
cept at the ends of a row, where five may be allowed together. Cattle
in single stalls shall be allowed 3 feet in width. Cattle standing
between stanchions, sounding tubes, ventilators, and other obstruc-
tions, tho in continuous pens, must be allowed 3 feet in width. Ves-
sels will be allowed to carry three deck loads of cattle, but where it is
desired to carry cattle on the lower or steerage deck, said deck must






8


in all cases be fitted at 2 feet 8 inches and no animals allowed upon
hatches. Special permission for carrying cattle on the steerage deck
must be obtained from the inspector, and will be granted in cases
where said deck is provided with sufficient ventilation as hereinafter
prescribed.
SHEEP AND GOATS.

Regulation 13. The space for each sheep or goat shall be 4 feet
long by 14 inches wide, and for lambs or goats under 100 pounds
in weight 4 feet by 12 to 13 inches.
Sheep pens shafll not exceed 20 feet by 8 feet, where two tiers are
carried, and each tier shall have a clear vertical space of not less than
3 feet. During the summer season sheep shall not be loaded in tiers
under decks, but during the winter season two tiers may be placed in
each wing and only one tier amidships. One single deck of sheep
may be carried upon the shelter decks for cattle when said decks
are permanently built and are composed of tongued-and-grooved
boards, provided such sheep fittings do not conflict with regulation
12. Sheep pens on shelter deck shall not exceed 12 feet in width and
must be supl)lied with athwartship partitions every 14 feet. Such
fittings shall be secured to the shelter (ldeck in the manner provided by
regulation 41.
SWINE.
Regulation 14. The space for swine not exceeding 150 pounds in
weight shall be the same as that specified for full-grown sheep and
goats, and for those under 100 pounds in weight the same as for
lambs and for goats of less than 100 pounds in weight. Additional
space shall be required by the inspl)ector for unusually large hogs.
HORSES.
Regulation 15. All horses must have 6 feet 3 inches clear vertical
space from beams of deck overhead to deck underfoot, and, so far as
possible, shall be placed between the overhead athwartship beams.
Each horse must be allowed a space of 2 feet 6 inches in width by 8
feet in depth, and additional space shall be required by the inspector
for very large hors-es.
Separate stalls must be erected for all horses. When horses are
placed directly under athwartship beams, the beams must be guarded
by 4-inch strips of wood. A space of 8 by 10 feet square must be re-
served on each steamer carrying 22 or more horses for use in caring
for horses becoming sick in transit. When placed in the same com-
partment with cattle, horses must be separated by fore-and-aft alley-
ways and temporary athwartship bulkheads, the length of which
shall not be less than the depth of the stalls.

UPPER-DECK FITTINGS.
Regulation 16. No animals shall be allowed on the poop deck or
within 20 feet of the breakwater on the spar deck, between the 1st of
October and the 1st of April, except on ships provided with houses
constructed of iron in each wing and of sufficient width and height to
protect the fittings, when the fittings may be constructed to abut such







houses. Horses shall not be allowed upon the bridge deck, except
when this deck is watertight and completely covered in and fitted for
horses. Horses shall not be allowed upon the spar deck when tem-
porary fittings are used. No cattle or horses shall be carried upon
the upper decks where the outside rails are not of sufficient strength
to hold fittings securely and measure less than 3 feet in height from
the deck. When animals are carried upon the upper decks, strong .
breakwaters shall be erected at each end and on both sides. Per-
manent fitting may be constructed either of iron or wood, as herein-
after specified.
ALLEYWAYS.

Regulation 17. All steamers engaged in carrying animals for export
will be required to provide alleyways as provided by this regulation.
Alleyways in front of and between pens used for feeding and water-
ing cattle must have a width of 3 feet, except at end of alleyways
in bow and stern of ship, and where obstructions less than 3 feet
in length occur the width may be reduced to a minimum of 18 inches.
Alleyways in front of and between pens used for feeding and water-
ing horses must have a minimum width of 3 feet. Two or more
athwartship alleyways at least 18 inches wide must be left on each side
of upper decks, so that the scuppers can be readily reached and kept
clear of obstructions. For sheep and goats athwartship alleyways
not less than 18 inches wide in the clear shall be left between pens and
fore-and-aft alleyways 3 feet wide in front of each pen, except that
at obstructions and at ends of alleyways, as provided for cattle,
there may be a minimum width of 18 inches. Sufficient space must
be left at the sides of hatches to permit the feed in the hold to be
readily removed and handled.

WOODEN STANCHIONS AND RUMP BOARDS.

Regulation 18. Stanchions at least 4 inches higher than the required
vertical space for cattle and horses must be of 4 by 6 inch clear hard
pine or good sound spruce, set 6 feet from centers against the ship's
rail, and inside stanchions in their proper place must be directly in
line with outboard stanchions and set up so that the 6-inch way of the
stanchions shall set fore and aft. A proper tenon, not less than 4 inches
in length, shall be cut on the head of the same to receive the athwart-
ship beam. A piece 2 by 3 inches, or 2-inch plank, shall be fastened
to the outside of the stanchion and run up to underneath the rail to
chock down the stanchion and prevent lifting when the beam is
sprung to the crown of the deck. Open-rail ships shall be blocked
out on backs of stanchions fair with the outside of rails to receive the
outside planking. Where upper-deck fittings are not permanent, the
heels of outside stanchions shall be secured by a bracing of 2 by 3
inch lumber from the back of each stanchion to sheer streak of water-
way, the heels of inside stanchions being properly braced from and to
each other. Bulwark stanchions must also be extra braced by raking
shores running diagonally from the top of the stanchions to the d(leck.
Rump boards must be provided on all decks, and when covering
bitts, rigging, or other obstructions located at a distance from ship's
side, must have fittings built 8 feet from said obstruction, with a solid
15506-06 m--2






10


partition built behind the cattle, not less than 5 feet high from deck,
to prevent injury to the animals; and when necessary to extend fit-
tings opposite bitts, etc., two or more cattle must be brought forward.
Rump boards in such cases shall be 1- inches thick. For horses,
wooden stanchions as above described must be placed at proper dis-
tances from each horse.

IRON STANCHIONS.
Regulation 19. Iron stanchions may be used in place of wooden
stanchions and shall not be less than 2 inches in diameter, set in iron
sockets above and below, and fastened with g-inch bolts. For horses
the same number of iron stanchions are required as when wooden
stanchions are used.
HOOK BOLTS OR CLAMPS.
Regulation 20. Hook bolts or clamps must be made of A-inch
wrought iron, with hook on outboard end and thread and nut on in-
board end to pass over and under rail and thru outboard stanchion
and set up on the inside of same with a nut. These bolts may be
double or single. If double, no thread or nut is necessary, but the
stanchion will lie shipped thru it, thus double-hooking the rails.
This will be found very useful where funnels or other deck fittings
come in the way of beams passing from side to side of ship.

BEAMS.

Regulation 21. Beams must be of good sound spruce or hard pine
lumber, 4 by 6 inches, to run clear across the ship's beam where prac-
ticable. Should any house or deck fittings be in the way, the beams
should butt up closely to the same. These beams shall have a 2 by
4 inch mortise to receive the tenon of each and every stanchion and
to take the same crown as deck of ship by springing down to shoulder
of outside stanchion and to be properly pinned or nailed to tenon
and wedged tightly afterwards. The mortises shall be cut not less
than 6 inches from outside ends of beams.

BRACES.

Regulation 22. Diagonal braces shall be fastened on each stanchion
on both sides of same, running up to top side of beam and properly
secured by well nailing to both stanchions and beam.

HEADBOARDS.

Regulation 23. Headboards shall be not less than 2 by 10 or 24 by 9
inches, of good clear spruce or hard pine lumber, and secured at
every stanchion by Q-inch screw bolts passing thru same and set up
with nuts. When 3 by 9 or 3 by 10 inch headboards are used, stan-
chions may be. set at distances not exceeding 8 feet. Where head-
boards butt on the stanchions, a piece of iron one-quarter of an inch
thick and 3 inches square shall be placed over the boards like a butt
strap. These headboards shall have 14-inch holes bored thru them




11


at proper distances for tying the animals; provided, however, that
on all open decks stanchions must not'be placed more than 6 feet
from center to center.
HEAD PIPES.

Regulation 24. In place of wooden headboards, two wrought-iron
pipes not less than 2 inches in diameter may be used, placed 8 inches
apart. Such head pipes must be made continuous by having a
wrought-iron threaded collar securely fastened on the end of each
length of pipe into which the next length may be inserted or secured.
Both head pipes must be held in place by means of having wrought-
iron straps bolted to each stanchion by four a-inch bolts. The lower
head pipe shall be fitted with movable clamps, holding a ring of
suitable size to which cattle may be tied; said clamps shall be set at
the proper distance apart, in accordance with these regulations, and
fastened to the pipe with screws.
FOOTBOARDS.

Regulation 25. Footboards shall be of wood and of the same dimen-
sions as headboards, and shall be properly nailed or bolted to stan-
chions.
DIVISION BOARDS.

Regulation 26. Division boards for cattle shall be 2 by 8 inch sound
spruce or hard pine, and so arranged as to divide the animals into
lots of four, except at the ends of rows, thus making compartments
for this number all over the vessel. These division boards shall be
fitted perpendicularly.
-DIVISION PIPES.
I
Regulation 27. In place of wooden division boards, three wrought-
iron pipes not less than 2 inches in diameter may be used, placed 6
inches apart athwartship, set in iron sockets above and below, and
fastened with a-inch bolts.

DIVISION BOARDS FOR HORSES.
Regulation 28. Division boards for horses shall not be less than 2 by
9 inches by 8 feet, and shall be of sound lumber, planed, and placed
horizontally between the horses.
FLOORING.

Regulation 29. Ships with iron decks shall be sheathed with 1-inch or
2-inch spruce or hard pine, but if 1-inch lumber is used the foot locks
shall be 3 by 4 inches and laid so that they will properly secure the
1-inch boards, thus preventing them from slipping and at the same
time acting as foot locks by showing a surface of 2 by 4 inches. It
is optional with the owners whether they permit sheathing to be used
on their ships with wooden decks, or whether they allow foot locks
to be secured to the deck, but it is absolutely necessary to sheath
iron decks before putting down foot locks in order to fasten same.






12


Cement, diagonally scored, j-inch deep, may be used on iron decks
instead of wood sheathing, if the foot locks be molded in the same
and bolted to the deck. If the flooring is raised on any of the
decks, it shall not be less than 2 inches thick, with scantlings.2 by 3
inches laid athwartships on the deck, not over 18 inches apart, with
2-inch plank for flooring nailed to them.

FOOT LOCKS.

Regulation 30. Foot locks shall be of good sound spruce, hard
pine, oak, or other hard wood, size 2 by 4 inches, laid flat side down
and fore-and-aft, placed 12 inches, 14 inches, 2 feet 2 inches, and 14
inches apart, the first one distant 12 inches from the inside of foot-
board. Where temporary fore-and-aft locks are used, they shall
be filled in athwartships opposite each stanchion, l)roperly secured
to sheathing or deck, and secured by a batten of spruce or hard pine
2 by 3 inches thick to go over all from stanchion to stanchion.
Pieces of 2 by 3 inches must be nailed on stanchion over batten to pre-
vent floor raising. Where permanent foot locks, securely bolted to
decks, are used, the athwartship braces between foot locks from
stanchion to stanchion and batten mav be omitted when the stanchion
is securely fitted in iron socket bolted to the deck. When troughs
are used, fore-and-aft foot locks will be placed 17, 16, 22, and 16
inches apart. A space of 2 inches may be left between the ends of
athwartship foot locks and fore-and-aft foot locks when the former
are securely bolted to the deck. When fore-and-aft foot locks are
permanent, a 2-inch space shall be left between ends at end of each
section. Vessels now fitted with 3 by 4 inch foot locks will not be
required to use 2 by 4 inch foot locks except when the former are
replaced.
OUTSIDE PLANKING.
so
Regulation 31. All outside planking on open and closed rail ships
must be properly laid fore and aft of ship and nailed to the backs
of stanchions as close as possible for the cold season, and for the
warmer months the top cqpurse planking shall be left, off fore and aft
of ship in order to allow a free circulation of air. Nothing less than
1k-inch spruce or hard pine is to be used for this purpose.

SHELTER-DECK PLANKING.

Regulation 32. The planks to form the shelter deck, which must
be erected on all exposed decks, shall be laid witli U-inch sound
spruce or hard pine lumber, sufficient to cover cattle. These planks
shall be laid as closely as possible and shall be well nailed to the
beams, thus making a good deck from which to work the ship's gear.

CATTLE FITTINGS OVER SPAR DECK.

Regulation 33. No cattle fittings shall be erected over permanent
spar-deck fittings forward and aft of the midship section until per-
mission has been obtained from the Chief of the Bureau of Animal
Industry.






UNDER-DECK FITTINGS.
ALLEYWAYS.

Regulation 34. Alleyways on under decks shall be of the same
dimensions as the alleyways of the upl)per decks.

STANCHIONS.

Regulation 35. Stanchions on under decks shall be of clear hard
pine or good sound spruce, 4 by 6 inches, set 6 feet from centers, so
that the 6-inch way of same shall stand fore and aft and jammed in
tight between the two decks, securely braced with 2 by 3 raking
shores from stanchion to stanchion and sides of ship. If upper and
lower decks are wood, then the stanchions set up between decks may
be secured by well cleating to each deck at heads and heels of same.

HEADBOARDS, ETC.

Regulation 36. Headboards, footboards, division boards, flooring
and foot locks of the under decks shall be of the same dimensions and
materials as those of upper decks and shall be fastened and arranged
in the same manner.

TROUGHS.

Regulation 37. Suitable troughs may be built on the footboards about
12 inches wide, when required for cattle, on either deck, by fastening
footboards on outside of stanchions and fitting up) on the inside.
When it is desired to feed small grain or ground feed the trough shall
be raised above the decks to prevent the feed from becomiing wet.
Removable troughs must be used for feeding horses. Suitable
troughs for grain and water must be provided on three sides of each
sheep, goat, or hog pen.

PENS AT ENDS OF HATCHES.

Regulation 38. When pens run up to the ends of hatches two
athwartship planks must be so placed as to l)revent cattle from getting
out of such pens.

PROTECTION FROM HEAT OF BOILERS.

Regulation 39. No animals shall be loaded along the alleyways by
engine and boiler rooms, unless the sides of said engine and boiler
rooms are covered by a tight sheathing, making a 3-inch air space.

CASING FOR STEERING GEAR.

Regulation 40. Suitable casing must be placed over the ship's steer-
ing gear when found necessary.






14


SHEEP AND GOAT PENS.
SHELTER DECK.

Regulation 41. Only a single tier of sheep and goats may be carried
on the shelter deck. Stanchions shall be not less than 4 by 4 inch
spruce or hard pine set 5 feet on centers, with 14-inch shoulder to be
gained on stanchions to receive rafters. Rafters shall be 3 by 6 inch
spruce or hard pine set on edge and bolted to stanchions with ft-inch
bolts. Planking shall be not less than 1-inch tongued-and-grooved
spruce or hard pine. Troughs must be constructed of three pieces of
1 by 6 inch lumber nailed together securely. Hayracks shall be made
of 1 by 2 inch lumber and built in pens fore and aft and on athwart-
ship partitions. Battens shall be nailed on the deck of the same
dimensions as under deck, to act as foot locks. Battens on front and
ends of pens shall be of 1 by 6 inch spruce or hard pine lumber and
sufficient in number to properly secure the sheep or goats in the pens.

UPPER DECK.

Regulation 42. Sheep and goat pens on upper deck shall be built
with the same size and quality of lumber as cattle fittings upon upper
deck. Flooring between tiers shall be of the same dimensions as
under-deck fittings. Troughs and hayracks shall be the same as pro-
vided in regulation 41.
UNDER DECK.

Regulation 43. When the pens for sheep and goats on under deck'
are built for two tiers, joists not less than 3 by 4 inch spruce or hard
pine must be used. supported in centers by 2 by 3 inch pieces run
from deck to underside of joists securely nailed to same. The floor-
ing shall be not less than --inch tongued-and-grooved spruce or hard
pine, and 1 by 2 inch battens shall be laid fore and aft on flooring,
18 inches apart, to act as foot locks. Stanchions may be made of 4 by
4 inch spruce or hard pine lumber. Troughs and hayracks shall be
of the same dimensions -as provided in regulation 41.

VENTILATION.

Regulation 44. Each under-deck compartment not exceeding 50 feet
in length must have at least four bell-mouthed ventilators of not less
than 18 inches in diameter and with tops exceeding 7 feet in height
above shelter deck, two situated at each end of the compartment.
Compartments over 50 feet long must have additional ventilators of
the same dimensions or efficient fans.

SPAR DECK.

Regulation 45. When the fittings on the spar deck are permanent
and hatches overhead are provided, the same regulations for ven-
tilation shall apply as provided for under decks.




15


THIRD DECK.

Regulation 46. When it is desired to carry animals upon the third
deck, written permission must be obtained from the inspector of the
port. The vessel must be fitted as hereinbefore specified, lighted with
electric lights, and properly ventilated. One set of ventilators should
be trimmed to the wind and another set in the opposite direction.
The ventilators must be tested and kept in easy working order.

HATCHES.

Regulation 47. No cattle, swine, sheep, or goats shall be loaded
upon hatches on decks above animals nor upon third deck hatches
when animals are carried upon such deck, nor shall any merchandise,
freight, or feed for animals be loaded upon said hatches, but said
hatches shall at all times be kept clear. In loading animals upon
upper decks, four of the hatches shall be kept free of animals, one
forward and one aft, and the intervening hatches must be so fitted
as to afford an equalization of ventilation. Horses shall not be
allowed upon any hatches under any circumstances.
No cattle shall be loaded upon any hatch where the coamings
exceed 18 inches in height in center of hatch. There shall be not
less than 5 feet 6 inches vertical space between the beams overhead
and the flooring placed on hatches underfoot.

LIGHTING.

Regulation 48. All vessels designated as cattle ships must provide
at all times electric lights for the proper attending of all animals.

FEED AND WATER.

Regulation 49. All vessels not provided with pipes for watering
animals shall carry casks or hogsheads of not less than 400 gallons
total capacity for each 100 head of cattle and horses, and an additional
amount in equal proportion shall also be carried for sheep, and these
shall be filled with fresh water before sailing and refilled as emptied.
All water tanks for use of animals must be filled with good fresh
water before sailing.
Each vessel shall carrv water condensers which are in good working
order and of sufficient capacity to provide 8 gallons of fresh cold
water each twenty-four hours for each head of cattle, in addition to
the amount required by other animals on board and for other puir-
poses.
Regulation 50. Not more than two days' feed for the animals shall.
be allowed to be carried on the shelter deck, and no feed shall be
carried on the shelter d(leck when same interferes with the proper care
of sheep; neither shall any feed be stored on top or inside of sheep
pens. When feed as above provided is placed on the shelter deck,
it must be prol)erly covered and shall be the first feed used. All
other feed shall be under hatches, and, so far as possible, shall be
placed in the holds contiguous to the animals on board.






16


ATTENDANTS.
EMPLOYMENT AND CHARACTER.

Regulation 51. The employment of all attendants shall be subject
to the approval of the inspector of the port, and men so employed
shall be reliable and signed as a part of the ship's crew and under
the control of the captain of the vessel. They shall be furnished
with well-lighted and well-ventilated quarters and with bedding and
table utensils. Experienced foremen shall be in charge of the ani-
mals, and not less than one-half of the attendants must be experi-
enced men who have made previous trips with stock.
The shippers of export animals, or their agents, shall make affidavit
concerning the character of the attendants. The attendants shall be
assembled a sufficient time before the sailing of the steamer for an
employee of this Department to examine them. The examination shall
be made before the signing of the ship's articles by the attendants, and
any man who fails to conform to the following conditions shall be
rejected: (1) The men employed must be able to speak English suffi-
ciently to make themselves understood, or to understand orders
given them; (2) they must know for what purpose they are em-
ployed and the duties that will be required of them; (3) they must
be able-bodied and physically competent to perform the duties re-
quired; (4) each man entitled to return passage shall be supplied
with return transportation before acceptance, unless he informs the
inspector that he does not wish to return. The Department has no
control over the return of cattlemen. Inspectors in charge of the
ports are directed to carefully enforce the above regulations.
When attendants are found to be incompetent, intemperate, or
otherwise unfit to properly care for the animals, the captain of the
vessel is requested to report the fact to the inspector of the port.

CATTLE ATTENDANTS.

Regulation 52. There shall be one attendant for each 35 head of
cattle, not including foremen, upon steamers having water pipes
extending the entire length of both sides of compartments; and upon
steamers not so fitted there shallbe one attendant for each 25 head of
cattle shipped. Provided, however, that when all the attendants are
experienced and capable men, there shall be one attendant for each
50 head of cattle upon steamers having water pipes extending the
entire length of both sides of compartments, and not less than 3 feet
in width of alleyways, if a competent watchman for night duty for
each shipper is furnished in addition; and upon steamers not so
.fitted there shall be one experienced attendant to each 35 head of cat-
tle shipped, together with watchmen as provided above.

SHEEP AND GOAT ATTENDANTS.

There shall be one man in charge of each 150 head of sheep and
goats during the winter season (October 1 to April 1), and one to
each 200 sheep and goats during the summer season.




17


HORSE ATTENDANTS.

For horses there shall be one attendant to each 22 head.
ADDITIONAL HELP.

There shall also be additional help furnished by the captain of the
vessel when water has to be pumped by hand.

REST, LOADING, INSPECTION, CERTIFICATES, ETC.
REST BEFORE EMBARKATION.

Regulation 53. No vessel shall be permitted to take on board any
cattle, sheep, swine, or goats unless the same have been allowed at
least five hours' actual rest in the yards at the port of embarkation
before the vessel sails, nor until the loading of the other cargo has
been completed.
The phrase "actual rest" as applied to live stock in transit for
export must not be interpreted to include any of the time occupied
in unloading animals from the cars, or in their inspection, handing
and roping, or in loading them on the cars again for transportation
to steamer.
All animals must remain a sufficient length of time in stables or
yards during daylight at the port of embarkation before the vessel.
sails for the purpose of inspection.
No vessel shall be permitted to take on board any horses which have
been shipped over 500 miles unless the same have been allowed at
least eighteen hours' actual rest in the stable or stables designated by
the inspector for export horses at the port of embarkation before the
vessel sails. Horses shipped less than 500 miles shall remain in such
stables or yards as the inspector may designate not less than six hours
for the purpose of inspection and rest. Horses shall not be placed
upon steamers until the loading of the other cargo has been com-
pleted.
LOADING, ETC.

Regulation 54. The inspector, or one of his assistants, shall super-
vise the loading of the animals and see that they are properly
stowed, and, as far as practicable, tied; that a sufficient amount of
good, wholesome feed is properly stowed; and that all the require-
ments of these regulations have been complied with. In case the reg-
ulations have not been complied with, he shall immediately notify
the Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry. In hot weather the
tying of the cattle may, in the discretion of the inspector, be in part
omitted until after the steamer has cleared and is in motion.

CERTIFICATES OF INSPECTION.

Regulation 55. The inspector at the port of shipment shall issue
certificates of inspection for cattle, sheep, swine, and goats, which are
to be exported to any foreign country, unless the Secretary of Agri-
culture shall have waived the requirement for such certificate of in-





18


section for export to the particular country to which such animals
are to be shipped. Each certificate shall cite the Aame of the ship-
per, the name of the consignee, and the destination. The certificates
shall be issued in serial numbers; only one certificate shall be issued
for each consignment, unless otherwise directed by the Chief of the
Bureau of Animal Industry. The certificates shall be delivered to
the chief officer of the vessel upon which said consignment of live
stock is to be transported after the loading and stowing is completed,
and continue with the shipment to destination, where it may be de-
livered to the consignee.
DEFECTIVE FITTINGS.

Regulation 56. The inspector may, in case he finds that any of the
fittings are worn, decayed, defective in construction, or appear to be
unsound, require the same to be replaced before he authorizes the
clearance of the vessel.
CLEANSING OF FALSE DECKS AND TEMPORARY TROUGHS.

Regulation 57. False decks upon which cattle are loaded and tempo-
rary feed troughs must be removed and the manure and dirt cleaned
from underneath before receiving another load of cattle.

HEADROPES, ETC.

Regulation 58. Cattle shall be tied with a-inch rope, which shall not
be used more than once, and must be either manila or sisal.
All headropes, halters, blankets, stable utensils, feed bags, and
feed troughs, if returned to this country, must be disinfected under
the supervision of the inspector of the port unless an affidavit is
furnished by the captain of the vessel that the same have been disin-
fected, describing the manner of disinfection, or unless such affidavit
is furnished by the proper official at the port where the animals are
unloaded.
INJURED ANIMALS.
Regulation 59. Animals suffering from broken limbs or other seri-
ous injuries during the voyage shall be slaughtered by direction of
the captain of the vessel.








































































































































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