Regulations governing the interstate movement of live stock

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Title:
Regulations governing the interstate movement of live stock
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United States -- Bureau of Animal Industry
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United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry ( Washington, D.C. )
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aleph - 029845747
oclc - 174269699
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Full Text

. .A ". '. :" :
(B. A. I. 'Order 273-Revised.)

United States Department of Agriculture,

BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.


REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE INTERSTATE MOVE-
MENT OF LIVE STOCK.

Effective on and after July 1, 1921.
*
(Superseding previous regulations on this subject, and including Amendment
1, effective March 1, 1922, and Amendment 2, effective July 23, 1923.)


CONTENTS.
Page. Pase.
Regulation 1-General provisions-- 1 Regulation 5-To prevent the spread
Regulation 2-To prevent the spread of dourine in horses and asses--- 22
of splenetic, southern, or Texas Regulation 6-To prevent the spread
fever in cattle----------------- 7 of hog cholera and swine plague- 23
Regulation 3-To prevent the spread Regulation 7-To prevent the spread
of scabies in cattle------------- 15 of tuberculosis in cattle--------- 25
Regulation 4-To prevent the spread Acts of Congress ----------------- 30
of scabies in sheep ------------ 19

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY,
Washington, D. C., May 6,1921.
Under the authority conferred upon the Secretary of Agriculture
by the provisions of the acts of Congress approved May 29, 1884
(23 Stat., 31), as amended by the act approved May 31, 1920 (41
Stat., 694, 699), February 2, 1903 (32 Stat., 791), and March 3, 1905
(33 Stat., 1264)., as amended by the act approved March 4, 1913
37';:Stat., 828, 831), the following regulations are hereby prescribed
for the inspection, disinfection, certification, treatment, handling,
and method and manner of delivery and shipment of live stock which
is the subject of interstate commerce. For purposes of identification
these regulations are designated as B. A. I. Order 273. The regula-
tionsehleretofore issued by the Secretary of Agriculture on this sub-
ject, under date of May 15, 1919, effective on and after July 1, 1919
(B. A. I. Order 263), and all amendments thereto are hereby re-
voked, to take effect on July 1, 1921, on and after which date the
regulations herein prescribed shall become and be effective until
otherwise ordered.
S' -' HENRY C. WALLACE,
T NSecretary of Agriculture.
.g REULATION 1.-GENERAL PROVISIONS.
1* I
S........ DEFINITIONS.'
., SioN 1.. For the purposes of these regulations the following
I: *6rds, phrases, names, and terms shall be construed, respectively, to
fe,, ..L".... ,." e "a n "
.. . .Jara.raph 1. Department: The United States Department of Agri-
|:'.. .d.. .... ... 6e . .
68003-23- -1

... .. .





2

Paragraph 2. Bureau: The Bureau of Animal Industry ofl-I
United States Department of Agriculture. ..... .. ..i
Paragraph 3. Bureau inspector: An inspector of the Bureau of An- i iii
mal Industry.
Paragraph 4. Interstate: From one State, Territory, or the District
of Columbia to another State, Territory, or the District of Columbia.
Paragraph 5. Southern cattle: Cattle of the area or areas'quaran4
tined for splenetic, southern, or Texas fever in cattle (except those
which have been duly certified by a bureau inspector as free of the
disease and infection of the disease), cattle infested with the tick
Margaropus annulatus, cattle loaded from "quarantine yards" or
1 quarantine pens," cattle loaded into a car, compartment of a boat or
other vehicle which has not, since southern cattle were last loaded
thereinto or transported therein, been disinfected as required by
sections 4, 5, and 6 of this regulation and section 11 of Regulation 2
of this order, and cattle which have been moved from a quarantined
area of any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia to the free
area of the same, or any other State, Territory, or the District of Co-
lumbia without being certified by a bureau inspector as free of the
infection of splenetic, southern, or Texas fever.
Paragraph 6. Quarantined area: The States, Territories, or the Dis-
trict of Columbia or portions thereof quarantined by the Secretary
of Agriculture for the specific contagious, infectious, or cqmmu-
nicable animal disease mentioned in each regulation.
Paragraph 7. Free area: The States, Territories, or the District of
Columbia or portions thereof not quarantined by the Secretary of
Agriculture for the specific contagious, infectious, or communicable
animal disease mentioned in each regulation.
Paragraph 8. Stockers and feeders: Animals intended for stock or
feeding purposes.
Paragraph 9. Public stockyards: Stockyards where trading in live
stock is carried on; where yarding, feeding, and watering facilities
are provided by the stockyards, transportation, or similar company,
and where Federal inspection is maintained for the inspection of live
stock for communicable diseases.
Paragraph 10. Recognized slaughtering center: Any point where
slaughtering facilities, holding pens, and chutes are provided, and to
which animals are shipped for immediate slaughter.
Paragraph 11. Accredited herd: One officially declared by the bu-
reau and the State as free from tuberculosis and for which a certifi-
cate has been issued evidencing that fact.
RULE GOVERNING QUARANTINE OF DISEASED LIVE STOCK.
SECTION 2. When the Secretary of Agriculture shall determine the
fact that cattle or other live stopk in any State, Territory, or the Dis-
trict of Columbia are affected with any contagious, infectious, or com-
municable disease for which; in his opinion, a quarantine should be
established, notice will be given of that fact. A rule will be issued
placing in quarantine any State, Territory, or the District of Colum-
bia, or any portion thereof, in which the disease exists; and this rule
will either absolutely forbid the interstate movement of live stock
from the quarantined area or will indicate the regulations under
which interstate movements may be made.







OWNERS AND OTHERS TO EXERCISE CARE IN OFFERING ANIMALS FOR
TRANSPORTATION.
SECTION 3. Animals affected with scabies, tuberculosis, hog cholera
or swine plague, dourine, glanders, lip-and-leg ulceration, anthrax,
splenetic fever, or other contagious, infectious, or communicable
disease shall not be shipped or transported interstate: Provided,
however, That southern cattle may be shipped interstate fot immedi-
ate slaughter in compliance with the requirements of section 1 of
Regulation 2: And provided further, That cattle which have reacted
to the tuberculin test may be shipped interstate in accordance with
the provisions-of sections 3 and 4 of Regulation 7. Before offering
cattle or other live stock for interstate transportation, transporting
them interstate, or introducing them into any stockyards or upon
routes of traffic for interstate transportation, all persons or corpora-
tions are required to exercise reasonable diligence to ascertain that
such animals are not affected with any contagious, infectious, or com-
municable disease, and have not been exposed to the contagion or in-
fection of disease by contact wih other animals so diseased or by
location in pens, cars, or other vehicles, or upon premises that have
contained diseased animals.
DISINFECTION OF CARS, BOATS, OTHER VEHICLES, YARDS, AND PREMISES.
SECTION 4. Paragraph 1. Cars, boats, and other vehicles which have
been used in interstate transportation of cattle, sheep, swine, or other
animals affected with, or carrying the infection of, any contagious,
infectious, or communicable disease shall be cleaned and disinfected
under bureau supervision in accordance with these regulations, and
the final carrier shall be responsible for such cleaning and disin-
fection. If a car in which diseased animals have been moved inter-
state is removed from destination or unloading point without being
cleaned and disinfected in accordance with these regulations, the
final carrier shall, upon receiving notice from a bureau inspector
that such car has contained diseased animals or animals carrying the
infection of disease, locate said car on its own or other lines, and
have the same moved to a point where bureau inspection is main-
tained and proper facilities are provided for cleaning and disinfect-
ing cars, and have such car cleaned and disinfected under bureau
supervision. Such final carrier shall keep the bureau informed as
to the location of said car until the same has been so cleaned and
disinfected: Provided, That if said final carrier is what is known
as a terminal railroad, and said car or cars shall have been delivered
by such final carrier to the railroad from which it received said car or
cars, such final carrier shall, upon receiving notice from a bureau in-
spector that such car has contained diseased animals, inform the
bureau of the name of the railroad to which such car was delivered
aid said last-mentioned railroad shall, upon receiving notice from a
bureau inspector that such car has contained diseased animals, locate
said car on its own or other lines and have the same moved to a point
where bureau inspection is maintained and proper facilities are
provided for cleaning and disinfecting cars, and have such car
cleaned and disinfected under bureau supervision. Such last-men-
tioned railroad shall keep the bureau informed as to the location of
said car until the same has been so cleaned and disinfected.





Paragraph 2. Except as hereinafter provided in these reguittions,
cars, boats, and other vehicles that have contained cattle, sheep,
swine, or other live stock affected with, or carrying the infection of,
any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease shall not be
moved interstate for any purpose until the said cars, boats, or other
vehicles shall have been thoroughly cleaned and disinfected under
bureau supervision in accordance with sections 5 and 6 of this
regulation.
Paragraph 3. Transportation companies which have received cars
that have contained cattle, sheep, swine, or other animals affected
with, or carrying the infection of, a contagious, infectious, or com-
municable disease, and which cars have been moved interstate from
the point at which such animals were last unloaded therefrom with-
out being cleaned and disinfected in accordance with these regula-
tions shall furnish to the bureau, when requested, the complete car-
movement record of such cars.
Paragraph 4. Yards and premises which have contained interstate
shipments of southern cattle or of cattle, sheep, swine, or other ani-
mals affected with, or carrying the infection of, any contagious, in-
fectious, or communicable disease shall be cleaned and disinfected
under the supervision of a bureau employee or an authorized State
employee, in accordance with sections 5 and 6 of this regulation;
and no yards or premises which have contained diseased live stock
or live stock carrying the infection of disease, or southern cattle,
shall be used in connection with the movement interstate of healthy
animals until the said yards and premises have been so cleaned -and
disinfected.
Paragraph 5. Cars or boats required by these regulations to be
cleaned and disinfected shall be treated in the manner specified in
sections 5 and 6 of this regulation under bureau supervision by the
final carrier at destination as soon as possible after unloading and
before the same are moved from such final destination for any pur-
pose except as otherwise hereinafter provided. When the animals are
destined to points at which bureau inspection and proper facilities
are maintained, the cars or boats shall be cleaned and disinfected at
such points; but when the animals are destined to points at which
bureau inspection is maintained but at which proper facilities can nit
be provided, the transportation company may, upon permission first
secured from the bureau, seal, bill, and forward the cars to a p6int
at which bureau inspection is maintained and proper facilities are
provided and there clean and disinfect the said cars under bureau
supervision.
Paragraph 6. No transportation company which receives notice
from the bureau that a car has contained diseased animals or southern'
cattle since last cleaned and disinfected shall thereafter move the-
said car in interstate commerce until it has been cleaned and dis-
infected under bureau supervision in accordance with sections 5 and
6 of this regulation.
METHOD OF DISINFECTION.
SECTION 5. Paragraph 1. Cars required by these regulations to be
cleaned and disinfected shall be treated in the following manner:
Remove all litter and manure from all portions of the cars, including


.... W":: ; .







all the ledges and framework outside; clean the exterior and interior
of the cars; and saturate the entire interior surface, including the
inner surfaces of the car doors, with a permitted disinfectant.
Paragraph 2. Boats required by these' regulations to be cleaned
and disinfected shall be treated in the following manner: Remove
all litter and manure from the decks, stalls, and all other parts of
the boat occupied or traversed by the diseased animals and from
the portable chutes or other appliances or fixtures used in loading
and unloading same and saturate with a permitted disinfectant the
entire surface of the deck, stalls, or other parts of the boat occupied
or traversed by such animals or with which they may have come in
contact or which have contained litter or manure.
, Paragraph 3. Yards, pens, chutes, and alleys required by these
regulations to be disinfected shall be treated in the following man-
ner: Empty all troughs, racks, or other feeding or watering facili-
ties; remove all litter and manure from the floors, posts, or other
parts; and saturate the entire surface of the fencing, troughs, chutes,
floors, walls, and other parts with a permitted disinfectant.
PERMITTED DISINFECTANTS.
SECTIo 6. Paragraph 1. The substances permitted for use in dis-
infecting cars, boats, other vehicles, and premises are as follows:
(a) Saponified cresol solution at a dilution of at least 4 fluid
ounces to 1 gallon of water.
(b) Liquified phenol (liquified carbolic acid) at a dilution of at
least 6 fluid ounces to 1 gallon of water.
(c) Chlorid of lime (U. S. P. strength, 30 per cent available
chlorin) at a dilution of 1 pound to 3 gallons of water.
Paragraph 2. The use of "saponified cresol solution as a disin-
fectant is permitted, provided that such "saponified cresol solution"
shall conform to the following requirements:
1. The formula of the product shall employ not less than 28 per
cent by weight of linseed oil or soy-bean oil or mixtures thereof, or
the chemically equivalent proportion of the fatty acids derived from
either or both of these oils. Either caustic potash, caustic soda, or
a mixture of caustic potash and caustic soda may be used to form
the soap. The cresol used must be at least 95 per cent pure, and
enough of this commercial grade of cresol (cresylic acid) must be
employed in compounding the disinfectant to bring the actual
amount of cresol in the finished product up to 50 per cent.
2. The product shall remain a homogeneous liquid when cooled
to 32 F. It shall contain substantially no free oil, fatty acid, or
excess alkali. It shall be readily soluble in cold distilled water; the
solution shall be practically clear and shall contain no globules of
undissolved oil or cresylic acid.
3. Manufacturers wishing to offer saponified cresol solution as
indicated above for use in official disinfectant must first submit a
sample of at least 8 ounces for examination, together with a state-
ment of the formula employed and a guaranty that the product will
be maintained of a quality uniform with the sample submitted.
4. To prevent confusion, each product must bear a distinctive trade
name or brand, together with the name of the manufacturer or dis-




.,. ,...,.. I
6

tributor.1 There shall be no mention of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture or the Bureau of Animal Industry on the labels,
containers, or printed matter accompanying products permitted to
be used in official disinfection. The permitted saponified cresol
solution shall be used at a dilution of at least 4 ounces of the solu-
tion to 1 gallon of water.
INSPECTION OF SHIPMENTS IN TRANSIT.

SECTION 7. All persons and corporations having control of the in-
terstate transportation of live stock shall, when directed by a bureau
inspector so to do, stop the same in transit for inspection, and if any
of such animals are found upon such inspection to be infected with
any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease or to have been
exposed to such infection, the person or corporation having control
of the transportation of such animals shall, upon receipt of an order
from a bureau inspector so to do, cease the carriage, transportation,
or moving of such animals unless such carriage, transportation, or
moving can be accomplished in accordance with the regulations gov-
erning the interstate movement of animals infected with or which
have been exposed to the infection of such disease, and in all cases
after the discovery of such infection or exposure thereto such animals
shall be handled in accordance with such regulations.
SLAUGHTER OF ANIMALS TO PREVENT SPREAD OF DISEASE.
SECTION 8. When, in order to prevent the spread of any conta-
gious, infectious, or communicable disease, it becomes necessary to
slaughter any diseased or exposed live stock, and the purchase of such
live stock by the United States is authorized by law and an appro-
piriation is available therefore, the value of the live stock shall be as-
certained and compensation made therefore in accordance with the or-
ders or regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture.
MOVEMENT FROM QUARANTINED TO FREE AREA AND SHIPMENT THEREFROM
SECTION 9. No live stock shall be shipped, trailed, driven, 6r
hauled in private conveyance from the quarantined area in any State,
Territory, or the District of Columbia to the free area in the same
State, Territory, or the District of Columbia and subsequently de-
livered to a transportation company for shipment to any other State,
Territory, or the District of Columbia without complying with all
Federal and State regulations pertaining to such movements.
INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION OF ANIMALS FOR INTERSTATE MOVEMENT.

SECTION 10. Paragraph 1. When animals are inspected and certi-
fied by a bureau inspector, proper facilities for restraining them and
assistance shall be provided in order that a careful inspection may
be made, and the inspector while making the Inspection shall not
be interfered with in any manner; otherwise inspection will be im-
mediately discontinued.
SEmployees of the Bureau of Animal Industry will be informed in Service and Regu-
latory Announcements or otherwise of the trade names of saponified cresol solution
permitted to be used in official disinfection.







Paragraph R. Whenever inspection or treatment and the issuance
of a certificate, statement, test chart, or other writing showing the
performance of such inspection or treatment and the result thereof,
is required by any of these regulations as a condition precedent to
the movement interstate of any animal or class of animals, or any
animal or class of animals is so required to be accompanied in inter-
state movement by such certificate, statement, test chart, or other
writing, no such animal or animals shall be moved interstate unless
and until the following requirements are also complied with:
(a) In the case of such movement by a common carrier issuing
waybills or other form or forms of billing covering the movement,
the said certificate, statement, test chart, or other writing shall be
delivered to such carrier at the time the animal or animals are de-
livered for shipment, and shall become the property of the carrier,
and be by such carrier attached to the billing covering the transporta-
tion of such animal or animals, and accompany such billing to desti-
nation, and be filed with such billing for future reference.
(b) In case of such movement otherwise than by common carrier
issuing waybills or other form or forms of billing, the said certifi-
cate, statement, test chart, or other writing shall accompany the
animal or animals to destination and be delivered to the consignee,
or, in case the consignor and consignee is the same person, to the
first purchaser purchasing during or after such movement in inter-
state commerce, or to the person to whom the animal or animals are
delivered.
INTERSTATE MOVEMENT OF DEAD ANIMALS PROHIBITED.
SECTION 11. No dead animal shall be transported, offered, or ac-
cepted for transportation in the same car with live animals from the
original point of shipment in any State or Territory, or the District
of Columbia, to or through any other State, Territory, or the Dis-
trict of Columbia.
REGULATION 2.-TO PREVENT THE SPREAD OF SPLENETIC,
SOUTHERN, OR TEXAS FEVER IN CATTLE.2
INTERSTATE SHIPMENTS OF CATTLE FOR IMMEDIATE SLAUGHTER.
SECTION 1. Paragraph 1. Interstate shipments of cattle from points
in the quarantined area may be made at any time by rail or boat for
immediate slaughter: Provided, That the proper official of the
State, Territory, or the District of Columbia to which the shipment
is destined has granted permission for the acceptance and handling
of southern cattle: And provided further, That in their movement
the provisions contained in sections 1, 2 and 11, hereinafter set out
in this regulation, are strictly observed and complied with.
Paragraph 2. The transportation companies shall securely affix to
and maintain upon both sides of all cars carrying interstate ship-
ments of southern cattle durable placards not less than 5 by 8 inches
in size, on which shall be printed with permanent black ink and in
A "rule to prevent the. spread of splenetic fever in cattle" is in effect throughout
the entire year. This rule prescribes the quarantined area in the respective States, and
should be considered in connection with these regulations. Copies of the rule may be
obtained from the Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry, Washington, D. C.




8 *e

boldfaced letters, not less than 1i inches in height, the 'w6rds H
"SOUTHERN CATTLE." These placards shall also show the name
of the place from which the shipment was made, the date of the
shipment (which must correspond to the date of the waybills and
other papers), the name of the transportation company,. and the
name of the place of destination. The carrier issuing the waybills,
conductors' manifest, memoranda, and bills of lading pertaining to
such shipments shall plainly write or stamp upon the face of each
such paper the words "SOUTHERN CATTLE." If for any reason
the placards required by this regulation have not been affixed to the
car as aforesaid, or the placards have been removed, destroyed, or ren-
dered illegible, or the cattle are rebilled or are transferred to other
cars or boats, the placards shall be immediately affixed or replaced
by the carrier and the new waybills shall be marked as aforesaid by
the carrier issuing them, the intention being that the billing accom-
panying the shipment shall be marked and the car placarded
"SOUTHERN CATTLE" from the time such shipments leave the
initial shipping points until they are unloaded at destination and the
cars or boats are cleaned and disinfected as required by section 11 of
this regulation.
Paragraph 3. No cattle, other than southern cattle, shall be placed
in any car or boat containing an interstate shipment of southern
cattle; no cattle, other than southern cattle, shall be placed for inter-
state transportation in any car or boat containing southern cattle;
and no interstate shipment of southern cattle shall be made to any
point in the free area unless proper facilities have been provided at
such point for unloading such cattle directly into pens specifically
provided and reserved for such cattle.
Paragraph 4. If, for any reason, such as unavoidable delays or
wrecks, it is necessary to unload southern cattle which are being
transported interstate as "SOUTHERN CATTLE," into pens or
yards which have not been specially provided and reserved for that
purpose, as hereinafter indicated, or to transfer the cattle to another
car, the car from which the transfer is made and the premises shall
be disinfected as provided by section 11 of this regulation, and tlie
transportation company shall immediately report the transaction,
by telegraph, to the Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry, Wash-
ington, D. C. Such report shall include the information indicated
below:
(a) Nature of emergency.
(b) Place where the cattle were unloaded.
c) Original points of shipment and destination.
d) Number and initials of the original car; also number anrd
initials of the car into which the cattle are reloaded in case the
original car is not used.
Paragraph 5. The regulations relating to the movement of cattle
of the quarantined area and other southern cattle as prescribed by the
proper officers of the State of destination shall be carefully observed.
SECTIN 2. Southern cattle received at destination outside of the
quarantined area, or which in course of interstate transportation are
unloaded at a point not within the quarantined area to be fed,
watered, rested, or for other purposes, shall be handled over p|latr
forms, chutes, and alleys, and placed in yards reserved for southern
cattle, and such quarantine yards shall not be used for other live





9

stock. Such yards, alleys, chutes, and platforms shall be constructed
and maintained in accordance with the specifications set out below:
(a) The outside fences inclosing such quarantine yards, and the
fences on either side of the alleys, chutes, and platforms leading
thereto, shall be tight board fences, not less than 6 feet high on the
inside.
S(b) If such yards, alleys, chutes, and platforms are adjacent to
yards, alleys, chutes, and platforms for cattle other than southern,
there shall be between them a space not less than 10 feet wide, which
shall be inaccessible to live stock; this space shall be limited on one
side by the 6-foot fence required by specification (a) and on the
other side by a similar fence. The remaining space around such
yards shall be limited as in specification (c) following.
(c) If such yards, alleys, chutes, and platforms are isolated from
other yards, alleys, chutes, or platforms, there shall be built and
maintained outside thereof, on all sides to which cattle of the vicinity
might otherwise approach, a well-constructed, cattle-proof fence not
less than 5 feet high and not less than 15 feet from the 6-foot fence
required by specification (a).
(d) The only means of egress from yards for southern cattle in
transit shall be by way of the alleys; chutes, and platforms inclosed
by 6-foot fences, as required by specification (a), to cars for refor-
warding, and under no circumstances shall there exist any connec-
tion between such yards and the yards for cattle other than southern
cattle or other adjacent premises.
(e) The yards reserved for southern cattle shall be so located, or
such drainage facilities shall be provided therefore, that water there-
from will not flow on to the adjacent property.
(f) The yards reserved for southern cattle shall be marked by a
conspicuous sign bearing the words QUARANTINE YARDS" or
"QUARANTINE PENS'" in letters not less than 10 inches in
height.
INTERSTATE MOVEMENT OF CATTLE FOR PURPOSES OTHER THAN IMMEDIATE
SLAUGHTER.
SECTION 3. Paragraph 1.-Cattle of the quarantined area, or other
cattle exposed to or infested with ticks (Margaropus annu latus))
which have been properly dipped twice, with an interval of from 7
to 12 days, in a permitted arsenical solution at a public stockyards
where proper facilities for dipping are maintained or at a designated
dipping station, or which have been otherwise treated at such public
stockyards or designated dipping station, under the supervision of
a bureau inspector in a manner approved by the Secretary of Agri-
culture, and which have been certified by the said inspector to be
free from infection of splenetic fever, may be moved interstate for
any purpose: Provided, That the requirements set forth in para-
graph 5 of this section are fully complied with.
Paragraph 2.-Cattle in areas where tick eradication is being sys-
tematically conducted in cooperation with the State authorities, which
on inspection by a bureau inspector are found to be apparently free
from ticks, may, after one dipping in an approved arsenical solution
under the supervision of a bureau inspector and certification by the
6800s-23,----2





10

said inspector, be shipped or transported interstate for any purpose;t
Provided, That the conditions are such that the cattle may be moved
to the free area or to a transportation line without exposure to in-
fection: And provided further, That the requirements set forth in
paragraph 5 of this section are fully complied with.
Paragraph 3. Cattle in the quarantined area which have been
properly dipped at least once in a permitted arsenical solution under
the supervision of a bureau inspector or a duly authorized State
inspector may be shipped as "DIPPED TICKY CATTLE" to a
place where proper dipping and stockyard facilities are provided and
inspection maintained by the bureau; and if, on inspection at such
place, the cattle are found to be apparently free from ticks they may,
after one dipping under the supervision of a bureau inspector, in
from 7 to 12 days after the last previous dipping, and certification
by the said inspector, be moved interstate for any purpose: Provided,
That the cattle so shipped shall be accompanied to such dipping place
by a statement of dipping issued by the inspector supervising the
same at the point of origin, showing the consignor, consignee, number
of cattle, and date of dipping, and shall be handled as quarantined
cattle until the final dipping is accomplished: Provided further, That
the transportation companies shall securely affix to and maintain
upon both sides of all cars carrying DIPPED TICKY CATTLE"
durable placards, not less than 5h by 8 inches in size, on which shall
be printed with permanent black ink and in boldfaced letters not less
than 14 inches in height the words "DIPPED TICKY CATTLE."
These placards shall also show the name of the place from which
the shipment was made, the date of the shipment (which must cor-
respond to the date of the waybills and other papers), the name of
the transportation company, and the name of the place of destination.
The carrier issuing the waybills, conductors' manifests, memoranda,
and bills of lading pertaining to such shipments shall plainly write
or stamp upon the face of each such paper the words "DIPPED
TICKY CATTLE." If for any reason the placards required by
this regulation have not been affixed to the car as aforesaid or the
placards have been removed, destroyed, or rendered illegible, or the
cattle are rebilled or are transferred to other cars or boats, the
placards shall be immediately affixed or replaced by the carrier and
the new waybills shall be marked as aforesaid by the carrier issuing
them, the intention being that the billing accompanying the ship-
ment shall be marked and the car placarded "DIPPED TICKY *
CATTLE" from the time such shipments leave the initial shipping
points until they are unloaded at destination and the cars or boats are
cleaned and disinfected as required by section 11 of this regulation:
Provided further, That the requirements set forth under (a), (b),
(c), and- (d) of paragraph 5 of this section are fully complied with.
Paragraph 4. Cattle located in areas where tick eradication is being
conducted in cooperation with the State authorities, and which are on
premises known by bureau inspectors to be free from ticks, may,
upon inspection and certification at a suitable season by a bureau
inspector, be moved interstate for any purpose without dipping: Pro-
vided, That the conditions are such that the cattle may be moved to
the free area or to a transportation line without exposure to infec-





tion, and the requirements set forth under (a) and (b) of paragraph
5 of this section are fully complied with.
Paragraph 5. (a) All interstate movements of inspected and cer-
tified and dipped and certified cattle shall be accompanied to final
destination by a certificate of a bureau inspector (which certificate
shall show that the cattle so being moved have been dipped as re-
quired by paragraph 1, or by paragraph 2 hereof, and are free of
infection from splenetic, southern, or Texas fever, or have been in-
spected, as required by paragraph 4 hereof, and are free of infection
from splenetic, southern, or Texas fever); all movements of dipped
ticky cattle, as described in paragraph 3 hereof, shall be accom-
panied to the final dipping place by the statement of dipping re-
quired by said paragraph 3 hereof; all such certificates and state-
ments shall be handled, delivered, kept, and preserved in accordance
with the provisions of paragraph 2 of section 10 of Regulation 1 of
this order; and all such cattle shall be handled through noninfectious
pens, alleys, and chutes, and when shipped shall be loaded into clean
and disinfected cars, and shall not be unloaded in the quarantined
area except at such points reserved for noninfected cattle as may
from time to time be authorized by the bureau.
(b) All such interstate movements of inspected or dipped and cer-
tified cattle are subject to such restrictions-which are not inconsistent
with these regulations-as may be imposed at destination by the offi-
cials of the State, Territory, or the District of Columbia.
(c) Cattle of the quarantined area shall be considered infested
and shall not be placed in noninfectious pens or premises until after
the final inspection or dipping.
(d) The dipping of cattle for interstate movement shall be done
only in a permitted dip and at places where proper facilities are pro-
vided for dipping and for handling the cattle in a manner to prevent
exposure to infection after the final dipping. Cattle which are to
be dipped shall, prior to dipping, be given an opportunity to drink
sufficient water to quench their thirst, be carefully handled, and not
dipped while they are in a heated or exhausted condition. The de-
partment disclaims responsibility for any loss or damage resulting
from the dipping. The dip at present permitted by the department is
an arsenical solution which shall at all times show a minimum of
twenty-two hundredths per cent of arsenious oxid in solution, as in-
dicated by thebureau field test for the arsenical dipping bath.3 A
proprietary brand of arsenical solution may be used in official dipping
only after specific permission therefore has been issued by the bureau;
and no dip will hereafter be given department permission for official
use in the dipping of cattle for ticks unless it has been shown to the
satisfaction of the bureau (1) that the strength of the bath prepared
therefrom may be satisfactorily determined in the field by a practical
portable testing outfit; (2) that under actual field conditions the
dipping of cattle in a bath of definite strength will effectually
eradicate ticks without injury to the animals dipped.
(e) After receiving the final dipping in the quarantined area,
cattle shall be handled through noninfectious pens, alleys, and chutes
surrounded by a well-constructed, cattle-proof fence, immediately
a Bulletin No. 76 of the U. S. Department of Agriculture.




12 ""

outside of which there shall be a space not less than 15 feet:. wiv ":.
which shall at all times be inaccessible to live stock. This space shal I
be limited on one side by the fence previously described and on the
other by a similar fence; and no rubbish, litter, or vegetation shafl
be allowed to collect in this 15-foot space, the ground surface of
which shall be thoroughly disinfected when deemed necessary by the
inspector supervising the dipping. Such drainage facilities shall be
provided as will prevent water from flowing into tlfe pens, alleys,
or chutes from the surrounding ground.
(/) When deemed advisable in cases of emergency cattle may be
handled, after the final dipping, through the ordinary stock pens,
alleys, and chutes: Provided, That the pens, alleys, and chutes and
adjacent ground for several feet are thoroughly cleaned of all ma-
nure, litter, and other loose materials, and thoroughly disinfected
with any one of the disinfectants prescribed in Regulation 1, section
6, or a permitted arsenical dip at double the strength required for
dipping cattle for ticks: And provided further, That the cattle shall
not be hlield in such disinfected pens, alleys, or chutes for a period
longer than 12 hours after dipping before being loaded into clean
and disinfected cars for shipment as noninfected cattle.
UNLOADING NONINFECTED CATTLE FOR REST, FEED, AND WATER.
SECTION. 4. Paragraph 1. Cattle not of the quarantined area, and
cattle of the quarantined area when properly dipped, inspected, and
certified in accordance with this regulation, which are transported
interstate by rail through the quarantined area, shall not be unloaded
therein for rest, feed, and water unless they are unloaded into prop-
erly equipped noninfectious pens set apart for such cattle at such
points as may from time to time be authorized by the bureau: Pro-
vided, That southern cattle, when unloaded in a quarantined area,
shall not be unloaded into noninfectious pens, but may be unloaded
into other pens. Such noninfectious pens and the platforms, chutes,
and alleys leading thereto shall be constructed and maintained in
accordance with the specifications set out below:
(a) The outside fences inclosing such pens, and the fences on either
side of the alleys, chutes, and platforms leading thereto, shall be
tight board fences not less than 6 feet high on the inside.
(b) If such pens, alleys, chutes, and platforms are adjacent to
pens, alleys, chutes, and platforms for southern cattle there shall be
between them a space not less than 10 feet wide, which shall be inac-
cessible to live stock. This space shall be limited on one side by the
6-foot fence required by specification (a), and on the other side by
a similar fence.
(c) If such pens, alleys, chutes, and platforms are either isolated
from or adjacent to other pens, alleys, chutes, or platforms, there
shall be built and maintained outside thereof on all sides to which
cattle of the vicinity might otherwise approach a cattle-proof fence
not less than 5 feet high and not less than 15 feet from the 6-foot
fence required by specification (a).
(d) The only means of egress from such pens shall be by way of
the alleys, chutes, and platforms inclosed by 6-foot fences, as re-
quired by specification (a), to cars for reforwarding; and under no





13


circumstances shall there exist any connection between such pens
and the pens for southern cattle or other adjacent premises.
(e) Such noninfectious premises shall be so located, or such drain-
age facilities shall be provided therefore, that water froni the sur-
rounding area will not flow on to or through them.
(f) Such pens shall be marked by a conspicuous sign bearing the
words NONINFECTIOUS PENS" in letters not less than 10
inches in height.
Paragraph 2.-The hay, straw, or similar materials required for
feed and bedding in such noninfectious pens shall be shipped in non-
infectious cars from points outside of the quarantined area and so
handled that they may not become infectious.
INTERSTATE MOVEMENT OF CATTLE WITHIN THE QUARANTINED AREA.
SECTION 5. Cattle shall not be transported, driven, or moved from
the quarantined area of any State, Territory, or the District of
Columbia to the quarantined area of any other State, Territory, or
the District of Columbia, except in compliance with this regulation
and subject to State, Territorial, or the District of Columbia restric-
tions which are not inconsistent therewith.
MOVEMENT OF CATTLE FROM QUARANTINED TO FREE AREA AND SHIPMENT
THEREFROM.
SECTION 6. No person, firm, or corporation shall deliver for trans-
'ortation, transport, drive on foot, or otherwise move interstate from
the free area of any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia
any cattle which have been moved from the quarantined area of the
same State, Territory, or the District of Columbia into such free
area: Provided, however, That such cattle may be delivered for trans-
portation, transported, driven on foot, or otherwise moved inter-
state for the purposes for which the shipment, transportation, or
other movement interstate of cattle of the quarantined area and
other southern cattle is permitted by these regulations, provided that
in such shipment and transportation or other movement the require-
ments of these regulations governing the shipment and transporta-
tion or other movement of cattle of the quarantined area and other
southern cattle are strictly complied with: And provided further,
That this section shall not apply to cattle of the quarantined area
which, before being moved into the free area, are certified by a
bureau inspector as free of the infection of splenetic, southern, or
Texas fever and are accompanied by such certificate in their ship-
ment and transportation or other movement interstate.
TICK-INFESTED CATTLE FROM FREE AREAS.
SECTION 7. Paragraph 1. Cattle infested with the tick Margaropus
annulatus, or southern cattle tick, disseminate the contagion of
splenetic, southern, or Texas fever; therefore any cattle which are
infested with this tick shall be known as "southern cattle" and shall
not be shipped, transported, trailed, driven, hauled in private con-
veyances, or accepted for transportation interstate except in com-
pliance with the provisions of this regulation governing the inter-
state movement of cattle from the quarantined area.




,, .. E; .E. 'E. :EEE "!iE
14 "

Paragraph 2. Stockyard companies receiving interstate shipments
of cattle infested with the said ticks shall place the said cattle in the
pens set aside for the use of southern cattle, and transportation com-
panies outside of the quarantined area are required to clean and dis-
infect, in accordance with the requirements of this regulation, all
cars and boats used in interstate transportation which have contained
the infested cattle.
Paragraph 3. If cattle not of the quarantined area be driven over
platforms, chutes, or alleys or placed in the yards reserved for south-
ern cattle, or are unloaded in the quarantined area into other than
" noninfectious pens," such cattle shall thereafter be treated in all
respects as southern cattle; likewise if cattle of the quarantined
area or originating on quarantined or infected premises are moved
to a point in the free area or from such quarantined or infected
premises without first having been treated as required by this regu-
lation for movement as noninfected cattle, the stock pens, cars, and
other premises, and any cattle which may have come in contact
therewith, shall be considered in all respects as quarantined premises
and cattle until treated in accordance with this regulation.
EXHIBITION OF NONINFECTED CATTLE IN THE QUARANTINED AREA.
SECTION 8. The exhibition of noninfected cattle at fairs or ex-
hibitions in the quarantined area and their reshipment to the free
area without dipping may, by written order, be permitted: Pro-
vided, That the cattle shall be handled under such conditions as may
be prescribed in each case to preclude any danger of the spread of
infection.
SHIPMENT FROM QUARANTINED YARDS.
SECTION 9. No person, firm, or corporation shall deliver, or receive
for transportation, transport, drive on foot, or otherwise move any
southern cattle interstate, except in the manner permitted by and
according to the provisions, conditions, and restrictions of these regu-
lations governing the movement of such cattle.
HORSES, MULES, AND ASSES INFESTED WITH CATTLE TICKS.
SECTION 10. Horses, mules, and asses which are infested with ticks
(Margaropus annulatus) shall not be moved interstate unless they
are treated in accordance with the requirements set forth in this
regulation governing the interstate movement of cattle.
CLEANING AND DISINFECTING CARS, BOATS, AND PREMISES.
SECTION 11. Paragraph 1. Cars or boats which have carried south-
ern cattle interstate shall be cleaned and disinfected under bureau
supervision, in accordance with Regulation 1, sections 4, 5, and 6,
by the final carrier at destination as soon as possible after unloading
and before the same are moved or permitted to be moved from such
final destination for any purpose, except as otherwise hereinafter
provided. When the cattle are destined to points at which bureau
inspection and proper facilities are maintained the cars shall be
cleaned and disinfected at such points: Provided, however, That
if such cars are to be used within 48 hours for reforwarding southern





15


cattle to another point to which such cattle may be shipped in accord-
ance with this regulation such cars need not be cleaned and disin-
fected until unloaded at such latter destination. When the cattle
are destined to points at which bureau inspection is not maintained
the transportation company shall seal, bill, and forward the infec-
tious cars to a point at which bureau inspection is maintained and
agreed upon between the transportation company and the bureau,
and shall there clean and disinfect the said cars under bureau super-
vision. When the cattle are destined to points at which bureau
inspection is maintained, but at which proper facilities can not be
provided, the transportation company may, upon permission first
secured from the bureau, seal, bill, and forward the cars to a point
at which bureau inspection is maintained and proper facilities are
provided, and there clean and disinfect the said cars under bureau
supervision.
Paragraph 2. Cars which have carried southern cattle within the
quarantined area of any State shall be cleaned and disinfected in ac-
cordance with Regulation 1, sections 5 and 6, before being moved in-
terstate; but this requirement shall not apply to cars used imme-
diately thereafter for the transportation of southern cattle intended
for immediate slaughter.
Paragraph 3. The litter and manure removed from cars, boats, or
other vehicles and from pens, chutes, alleys, or other premises or
inclosures which have contained southern cattle shall be destroyed
or disinfected under bureau supervision by saturating it with any
permitted disinfectant (see Regulation 1, section 6), or otherwise
disposed of under permission from the chief of the bureau.
REGULATION 3.-TO PREVENT THE SPREAD OF SCABIES IN
CATTLE.
MOVEMENT OF CATTLE AFFECTED WITH SCABIES.
SECTION 1. Paragraph 1. No cattle affected with or exposed to
scabies shall be shipped, trailed, driven, or otherwise moved inter-
state for any purpose except as hereinafter provided.
Paragraph 2. No cattle shall be shipped, trailed, or moved inter-
state from the area quarantined for the disease of scabies in cattle
except as hereinafter provided.
SHIPMENTS FOR IMMEDIATE SLAUGHTER.
SECTION 2. Paragraph 1. Cattle affected with scabies, which have
been dipped once in a permitted dip under the supervision of a
bureau inspector within 10 days of the date of shipment, and are
accompanied by a certificate issued by the said inspector, may be
shipped or transported interstate for immediate slaughter to a recog-
nized slaughtering center, provided that the following conditions
are strictly observed and complied with:
(a) They shall not be diverted en route.
(b) They shall be slaughtered- or again dipped witnin 14 days
from the date of the first dipping.
(c) The cars shall be placarded and the billing shall be marked
"D IPPED SCABBY CATTLE," in accordance with section 4 of
this regulation.




.. ::. *. .::":
.. E .
16

Paragraph 2. Cattle of the free area not visibly diseased with
scabies, but which may be part of a diseased herd, may be shippedI
or transported interstate for immediate slaughter to any recognized
slaughtering center where separate pens are provided for yarding
exposed cattle: Provided, That the following conditions are strictly
observed and complied with:
(a) The cars in which the cattle are transported shall be placarded
and the billing accompanying the shipment shall be marked "CAT-
TLE EXPOSED TO SCABIES in accordance with section 4 of
this regulation.
(b) The cattle shall be placed in yards or pens other than those in
which cattle free from disease or exposure thereto are handled.
Paragraph 3. Cattle of herds of the quarantined area, which are
not diseased with scabies, may be shipped, transported, or otherwise
moved interstate for immediate slaughter, upon inspection. by a
bureau inspector, and when accompanied by a certificate from such
inspector, showing the cattle to be free from disease.
SHIPMENTS FOR PURPOSES OTHER THAN SLAUGHTER.
SECTION 3. Paragraph 1. Cattle affected with scabies may be
shipped interstate for purposes other than slaughter if dipped twice
in a permitted dip, 10 to 14 days apart, under the supervision of a
bureau inspector, and so certified by such inspector, or such cattle
may be so shipped if dipped once in a permitted dip under bureau
supervision at the point of origin, provided arrangements have been
made for the second dipping, under bureau supervision, en route or
at destination within 10 to 14 days after the first dipping. If shipped
in the latter manner the cars containing the cattle shall be placarded,
and the billing shall be marked "DIPPED SCABBY CATTLE"
in accordance with section 4 of this regulation.
Paragraph 2. Cattle of the quarantined or free area not visibly
diseased with scabies, but which are known to be part of a diseased
herd or to have come in contact with diseased cattle or infectious
cars or premises, may be shipped interstate for purposes other than
slaughter, if dipped once at the point of origin, under the super-
vision of a bureau inspector, in a permitted dip, or the cattle may
be dipped en route by special permission first had and obtained from
the chief of the bureau; but in such event the cars shall be placarded
and the billing shall be marked "CATTLE EXPOSED TO
SCABIES in accordance with section 4 of this regulation, and the
cattle shall be placed in yards or pens other than those in which
cattle free from disease or exposure thereto are handled.
Paragraph 3. Cattle of herds of the quarantined area, which are
not diseased with scabies, may be shipped or transported interstate
for any purposes upon inspection by a bureau inspector and when
accompanied by a certificate from such inspector showing the cattle
to be free from disease or exposure thereto.
PLACARDING CARS AND MARKING BILLING.
SECTION 4. When cattle are shipped as "DIPPED SCABBY
CATTLE," or CATTLE EXPOSED TO SCABIES," the trans-
portation companies shall securely affix to and maintain upon both





17


sides of each car carrying such cattle a durable, conspicuous placard,.
not less than 5&j by 8 inches in size, on which shall be printed with
permanent black ink in boldfaced letters, not less than 1 inches in
height, the words, "DIPPED SCABBY CATTLE," or "CATTLE
EXPOSED TO SCABIES," as the case may be. These placards
shall also show the name of the place from which the shipment was
made, the date of the shipment (which must correspond to the date
of the waybills and other papers), the name of the transportation
company, and the name of the place of destination. The carrier
issuing the waybills, conductors' manifests, memoranda, and bills.
of lading pertaining to such shipments shall plainly write or stamp
upon the face of each such paper the words "DIPPED SCABBY
CATTLE," or CATTLE EXPOSED TO SCABIES," as the case
may be. If for any reason the placards required by this regulation
have not been affixed to the car as aforesaid, or the placards have
been removed, destroyed, or rendered illegible, or the cattle are re-
billed or are transferred to other cars or boats, the placards shall
be immediately affixed or replaced by the carrier and the new way-
bills shall be marked as aforesaid by the carrier issuing them, the
intention being that the billing accompanying the shipment shall
be marked, and the car containing the cattle shall be placarded
"DIPPED SCABBY CATTLE," or "CATTLE EXPOSED TO
SCABIES," as the case may be, from the time of shipment until the
cattle arrive at destination or point of dipping and the disposition
Sof the cars is indicated by a bureau inspector.
MOVEMENT FROM QUARANTINED TO FREE AREA AND SHIPMENT THEREFROML
SECTION 5. No person, firm, or corporation shall deliver for trans-
portation, transport, drive on foot, or otherwise move interstate from
the free area of any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia any
cattle which have been moved from the quarantined area of the same
State, Territory, or the District of Columbia into such free area:
Provided, -however, That such cattle may be delivered for transporta-
tion, transported, driven on foot, or otherwise moved interstate for
the purposes for which the shipment, transportation, or other move-
ment interstate of cattle of the quarantined area is permitted by
these regulations, provided that in such shipment and transportation
or other movement the requirements of these regulations governing
the shipment and transportation or other movement of cattle of the
quarantined area are strictly complied with: And provided further,
That this section shall not apply to cattle of the quarantined area
which, before being moved into the free area, are certified by a bureau
inspector as free from disease and are accompanied by such certificate
in their shipment and transportation or other movement interstate..
CATTLE INFECTED OR EXPOSED DURING TRANSIT.
SECTION 6. Paragraph 1. Should healthy cattle in transit from a
State not quarantined by the Secretary of Agricuilture for scabies in
cattle be unloaded en route and placed in infectious premises, they
shall be treated as exposed cattle and their further movement shall
be subject to the provisions of this regulation.
68003-23---3






..'""" ::"' ''' ^ *i "."
".:.. ..... -:'* 2 .Ei:7ii.:..
Paragraph 2. Cattle shipped interstate under a certiflate fromW, :
bureau inspector, or other cattle which are found en route to Wbe
affected with scabies or to have been exposed thereto, shall thei"
after be handled as diseased or exposed cattle, as provided by this
regulation, and the cars or other vehicles and the chutes, alleys, and
pens which have been occupied by diseased animals shall be cleaned,
and disinfected as provided in Regulation 1, sections 4, 5, and 6. ,

SHIPMENTS FROM PUBLIC STOCKYARDS.
SECTION 7. No cattle shall be shipped or moved interstate from
any public stockyards, where an inspector of the bureau is stationed
for the inspection of live stock for communicable diseases, without
a certificate issued by the said inspector showing that the cattle are
free from contagious disease or have been properly dipped'.: Pro-
vided, That this restriction shall not apply to shipments of cattle
unloaded in transit for feed, water, and rest, and not offered for sale,
If diseased cattle are introduced into the noninfectious yards or por-
tions thereof the chutes, alleys, and pens used by them shall be.
thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.
PERMITTED DIPS.

SECTION 8. Paragraph 1. The dips at present permitted by the
department for the treatment, under bureau supervision, of cattle af-
fected with or exposed to scabies are as follows:
Lime-sulphur dip made in the proportion of 12 pounds of unslaked
lime (or 16 pounds of commercial hydrated lime, not air-slakem.
lime) and 24 pounds of flowers of sulphur or sulphur flour to 100
gallons of water.
Nicotin dip, containing not less than five one-hundredths of 1 per
cent of nicotine.
The dipping bath should be used at a temperature of 95 to 105'
F., and must at all times be maintained at a strength of not less than
2 per cent of "sulphid sulphur" in the case of the lime-sulphur dip,
and not less than five one-hundredths of 1 per cent of nicotine in th&
case of the nicotine dip, as indicated by the field tests for such baths
approved by the bureau.4
Paragraph 2. A proprietary brand of lime-sulphur solution tor
nicotine solution may be used in official dipping only after specific
permission therefore has been issued by the bureau. No dip other
than the lime-sulphur dip or the nicotine dip will hereafter be given
department permission for use in official dipping of cattle for scabies
unless it has been shown to the satisfaction of the bureau (1) that
the strength of the bath prepared therefrom may be satisfactorily
determined in the field by a practical portable testing outfit; (2)
that utinder actual field conditions .the dipping of cattle in a bath
of definite strength will effectually eradicate scabies infection with-
out injury to the animals dipped.
. : r 1 ,. -
'The field test for lime-sulphur dipping baths is described in U. S. Department of Aga
culture Bulletin 163. A field test outfit at present approved by the bureau for nit U,=
dipping baths is that designated for the purpose of identification as "FiId test qtSft:
N 3 ".......... U S
S.- .*.. ..yu


: *:."





19

.DISINFECTION OF CARS, VEHICLES, AND PREMISES.
SECTION 9. Cars and other vehicles, yards, pens, sheds, chutes, or
other premises which have contained cattle of a consignment in which
scabies is found shall be cleaned and disinfected in accordance with
the provisions of sections 4, 5, and 6 of Regulation 1.
REGULATION 4.-TO PREVENT THE SPREAD OF SCABIES IN
SHEEP.5
INTERSTATE MOVEMENT OF SHEEP PROHIBITED.
SECToN 1. Paragraph 1. No. sheep affected with or exposed to
scabies shall be shipped, trailed, driven, or otherwise moved inter-
state for any purpose except as hereinafter provided.
Paragraph 2. No sheep shall be shipped, trailed, driven, or other-
wise moved interstate from the area quarantined for the disease of
scabies in sheep except as hereinafter provided.
Paragraph 3. All the sheep in a certain flock or shipment in which
the disease of scabies is present shall be classed as diseased sheep,
and none of them shall be offered for interstate shipment until dipped
as hereinafter provided. The practice of "picking" a flock-that is,
removing any sheep which are visibly diseased and then offering any
portion of the remaining sheep for either inspection or interstate
shipment, or both-_is directly and positively prohibited.
SHIPMENTS FOR IMMEDIATE SLAUGHTER.
SECTION 2. Paragraph 1. Sheep affected with scabies, which have
' been dipped once in a permitted dip under the supervision of a
Bureau inspector within 10 days of the date of shipment, may be
shipped or transported interstate for immediate slaughter to a recog-
nized slaughtering center, provided that the following conditions are
strictly observed and complied with:
(a) The sheep shall not be diverted en route.
(b) The sheep shall be slaughtered or again dipped within 14
days from the date of the first dipping.
(e) The cars or boats containing the sheep shall be placarded and
the billing shall be marked "DIPPED SCABBY SHEEP" in ac-
cordance with paragraph 3 of this section.
in (d) Upon arrival at a public stockyards the sheep shall be placed
in a portion of the stockyards set aside for the receipt of such sheep,
and not permitted to mingle with other animals until such time as
they are disposed of for slaughter or are again dipped and certified
for further interstate movement for purposes other than immediate
slaughter.
Paragraph 2. Sheep that are not diseased with scabies, but which
have been exposed to the contagion of the disease, may be shipped or
transported interstate by rail, without dipping, to a recognized
slaughtering center for immediate slaughter, provided that the cars
are placarded and the billing is marked "EXPOSED SHEEP FOR
SLAUGHTER," in accordance with paragraph 3 of this section.
t A rule to prevent the spread of scabies in sheep" Is in effect throughout the entire
year. This rule prescribes ti quarantined area. in the respective States, and should be
considered in connection with these regulations. Copies of the rule may be obtained
from the Chief of the Bureau ofat Animal Industry, Washington, D. C.





20


Paragraph 3. When sheep are shipped for slaugtitektin accordance
with either paragraph 1 or paragraph 2 of this section, the trans-
portation companies shall securely affix to and maintain upon both
sides of each car carrying such sheep a durable and conspicuous.
placard, not less than 54 by 8 inches in size, on which shall be printed.
with permanent black ink in boldfaced letters, not less than 14
inches in height, the words "DIPPED SCABBY SHEEP-" or
"EXPOSED SHEEP FOR SLAUGHTER," as the case may be.
These placards shall also show the name of the place from which
the shipment was made, the date of the shipment (which must cor-
respond to the date of the waybills and other papers), the name-of
the transportation company, and the name of the place of destina-
tion. The carrier issuing the waybills, conductors' manifests, mem-
oranda, and bills of lading pertaining to such shipments shall plainly
write or stamp upon the face of each such paper the words
"DIPPED SCABBY SHEEP," or "EXPOSED SHEEP FOR
SLAUGHTER," as the case may be. If for any reason the placards
required by this regulation have not been affixed to the car as afore-
said, or the placards have been removed, destroyed, or rendered.
illegible, or the sheep are rebilled or are transferred to other cars
or boats, the placards shall be immediately affixed or replaced by the
carrier and the new waybills shall be marked as aforesaid by the
carrier issuing them, the intention being that the billing accompany-
ing the shipment shall be marked and the car containing the sheep
shall be placarded DIPPED SCABBY SHEEP," or "EXPOSED
SHEEP FOR SLAUGHTER," as the case may be, from the time
of shipment until the sheep arrive at destination, and the disposition
of the cars is indicated by a bureau inspector.
SHIPMENTS FOR PURPOSES OTHER THAN SLAUGHTER.
SE.CTION 3. Paragraph 1. Sheep affected with scabies may be
shipped interstate for any purpose after they have been dipped
twice, 10 to 14 days apart, in a permitted dip under the supervision
of a bureau inspector and are so certified by such inspector.
Paragraph 2. Sheep that are not diseased with scabies, but which
have been exposed to the contagion of the disease, may be shipped.
transported, or otherwise moved interstate for purposes other than
slaughter after they have been dipped once in a permitted dip under
the supervision of a bureau inspector and are certified by such in--
spector to be free from the disease.
Paragraph 3. Sheep in those States of the quarantined area with
which the department is cooperating in the eradication of scabies,.
and which are not affected with and have not been exposed to such.
disease, may be shipped, transported, or otherwise moved interstate
for any purpose after they have been inspected by a bureau inspector
and found to be free from the disease or exposure thereto and when.
accompanied by a certificate from the said inspector to that effect.
Paragraph 4. Sheep in those States of the quarantined area with.
which the department is not cooperating in the eradication of scabies.
and which are not affected with and have not been exposed to such.
disease may be shipped interstate for any purpose if dipped once in
accordance with this regulation at stations where dipping facilities.
are provided and bureau inspection is maintained.





21


MOVEMENT FROM QUARANTINED TO FREE AREA AND SHIPMENT THEREFROM.
SECTION 4. No person, firm, or corporation shall deliver for trans-
portation, transport, drive on foot, or otherwise move interstate from
the free area of any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia
any sheep which have been moved from the quarantined area of the
same State, Territory, or the District of Columbia into such free
area: Provided, however, That such sheep may be delivered for trans-
portation, transported, driven on foot, or otherwise moved interstate
for the purposes for which the shipment, transportation, or other
movement interstate of sheep of the quarantined area is permitted
by these regulations, provided that in such shipment and transporta-
tion or other movement the requirements of these regulations govern-
ing the shipment and transportation or other movement of sheep of
the quarantined area are strictly complied with: And provided
further, That this section shall not apply to sheep of the quarantined
area which, before being moved into the free area, are certified by a
bureau inspector as free from disease and are accompanied by such
certificate in their shipment and transportation or other movement
interstate.
SHEEP INFECTED OR EXPOSED IN TRANSIT.
SECTION 5. Paragraph 1. If sheep free from scabies and exposure
thereto be unloaded while in'the course of interstate transportation
on infectious premises, they shall thereafter be treated as exposed
sheep and their further movement shall be subject to the provisions
of this regulation.
Paragraph 2. Sheep shipped interstate under a certificate from a
bureau inspector, or other sheep, which are found en route to be
affected with scabies or to have been exposed thereto shall thereafter
be handled as diseased or exposed sheep, as provided by this regu-
lation, and the cars or other vehicles, and the chutes, alleys, and
pens which have been occupied by diseased sheep shall be cleaned and
disinfected, as provided in Regulation 1, sections 4, 5, and 6.
SHIPMENTS FROM PUBLIC STOCKYARDS.
SECTION 6. Paragraph 1. Except as provided in this section no
sheep shall be shipped or moved interstate from public stockyards,
unless for immediate slaughter, without dipping. Where, however,
a part or all of the stockyards is reserved and set apart for the re-
ception of noninfected shipments of sheep and is kept free of dis-
ease, sheep may be shipped interstate from the noninfectious yards
or portions thereof without dipping. If diseased sheep are intro-
duced into the noninfected yards or portions thereof, the chutes, al-
leys, and pens occupied by the said sheep shall be thoroughly cleaned
and disinfected.
Paragraph 2. No sheep shall be shipped or moved interstate from
any public stockyards where a bureau inspector is stationed for the
inspection of live stock for communicable diseases without a certifi-
cate issued by such inspector showing that the sheep are free from
contagious disease or have been properly dipped: Provided, That
this restriction shall not apply to shipments of sheep unloaded in
transit for feed, water, and rest, and not offered for sale.





22


PERMTREDM DIE.
SECTION 7. Paragraph 1. The dips at present permitted by the de-
partment for the treatment, under bureau supervision, of sheep
affected with or exposed to scabies are as follows:
Lime-sulphur dip made in the proportion of 8 pounds bf unslaked
lime (or 11 pounds of commercial hydrated lime, not air-slaked
lime) and 24 pounds of flowers of sulphur or sulphur flour to 100
gallons of water.
Nicotin dip containing not less than five one-hundredths of 1 per
cent of nicotine.
The dipping bath should be used at a temperature of 95 to 105
F., and must at all times be maintained at a strength of not less than
lj per cent of "sulphid sulphur" in the case of the lime-sulphur
dip, and not less than five one-hundredths of 1 per cent of nicotine in
the case of the nicotine dip as indicated by the field tests for such
baths approved 6 by the bureau.
Paragraph 2. A proprietary brand of lime-sulphur solution or
nicotine solution may be used in official dipping only after specific
permission therefore has been issued by the bureau. No dip other
than the lime-sulphur dip or the nicotine dip will hereafter be given
department permission for use in official dipping of sheep for scabies
unless it has been shown to the satisfaction of the bureau (1) that
the strength of the bath prepared therefrom may be satisfactorily
determined in the field by a practical portable testing outfit; (2) that
under actual field conditions the dipping of sheep in a bath of defi-
nite strength will effectually eradicate scabies infection without
injury to the animals dipped.

DISINFECTION OF CARS, VEHICLES, AND PREMISES.

SECTION 8. Cars and other vehicles, yards, pens, sheds, and chutes
which have contained diseased sheep shall be cleaned and disinfected
in accordance with the provisions of Regulation 1, sections 4, 5,
and 6.

REGULATION 5.-TO PREVENT THE SPREAD OF DOURINE IN
HORSES AND ASSES.
MOVEMENT OF ANIMALS FROM QUARANTINED AREAS PROHIBITED.
SECTION 1. No horses or asses shall be offered for interstate ship-
ment, shipped, transported, driven, or trailed, or otherwise moved
interstate from an area quarantined by the Secretary of Agriculture
for dourine without bureau inspection and certification of freedom
from the disease for the purpose of the particular movement. Own-
ers and custodians of horses or asses for whom inspection is made
shall provide such reasonable facilities and render such assistance as
may be required by the inspector.
"The field test for lime-sulphur dipping baths is described in U. S. Department of
Agriculture Bulletin 163. A field test outfit at present approved by the bureau for
nioetidi dipping baths is that designated for the purpose of identification as "Field test
outfit N-3."





23


BREEDING ANIMALS IN QUARANTINED AREAS.
SECTION 2. If stallions or jacks shall be allowed to run at large
in an area quarantined by the Secretary of Agriculture for dourine,
or if -there shall be any breeding of horses or asses in a herd in the
quarantined area, in which there is a horse or an ass which has been
exposed to the infection of dourine, within 18 months after the said
exposure, the interstate movement of any horses or asses from the
said area is absolutely prohibited unless and until such horses and
asses have been certified by a bureau inspector as having passed the
complement-fixation test for 'such disease.
APPRAISAL OF AND COMPENSATION FOR ANIMALS.
SECTION. 3. When it is necessary, in order to prevent the spread of
dourine and to aid in its extermination, and an appropriation is
available therefore, the department will cooperate with the various
States in the purchase of diseased animals in the following manner:
(a) The fact of infection with this disease shall be determined by
the complement-fixation test applied in the laboratory of the bureau.
(b) The animal shall be appraised at its actual value by a bureau
inspector and the State veterinarian or an assistant State veterin-
arian of the State in which the animal is located, or, when provided
by State law, assessed value as shown by the assessor's books will be
accepted in lieu of appraisal.
(c) The department will pay one-half of the appraised or assessed
value, provided such share shall in no case exceed $100, and the
owner signs an agreement to accept such sum as compensation in full
for the discharge of all claims he may have against the department
on account of the destruction of the animal in question.
REGULATION 6.-TO PREVENT THE SPREAD OF HOG CHOLERA
AND SWINE PLAGUE.
CLASSES OF SWINE PROHIBITED INTERSTATE MOVEMENT.
SECTION 1. Paragraph 1. No swine which are diseased with hog
cholera or swine plague shall be shipped, transported, trailed, driven,
or otherwise moved interstate for any purpose.
Paragraph 2. No swine shall be shipped, driven, or transported
interstate from public stockyards for feeding, breeding, or stocking
purposes except as hereinafter provided.
MOVEMENTS FROM PUBLIC STOCKYARDS.
SECTIoN 2. Paragraph 1. No swine shall be shipped, driven on
foot, or transported interstate from public stockyards for imme-
diate slaughter, except in compliance with the following conditions:
(a) The swine shall be shipped to a recognized slaughtering
center.
(b) The swine shall not be diverted en route for any other
purpose.
Paragraph 2. Swine may be shipped, transported, or otherwise
moved interstate from public stockyards for purposes other than
slaughter to States the laws, rules, or regulations of which provide






24


for the segregation or quarantine of imported hogs for a period of
not less than three weeks, provided that the following requirements
are strictly observed and complied with:
(a) The State requirements at destination shall be observed.
b) The swine shall be inspected by a bureau inspector.
(c) If the hogs upon examination are found to be affected with
cholera they may be treated by a competent veterinarian under
bureau supervision in a portion of the yards set aside for that pur-
pose in accordance with one or the other of the methods set forth in
(e) following; and at the expiration of not less than 30 days, if
found, upon examination, to be free from disease, they may be re-
leased for any purpose, after disinfection in accordance with (f) of
this paragraph.
(d) If the hogs are found free from symptoms of cholera and
other contagious, infectious, or communicable diseases, and in a
thrifty condition, they shall be treated by a competent veterinarian
under bureau supervision in a portion of the yards set aside for that
purpose, in accordance with one or the other of the methods set forth
in(e) following, provided that the temperature of each animal is
taken before treatment, and that only those which exhibit a tempera-
ture of less than 104 F. shall be permitted to be shipped or moved
interstate.
(e) Serum-alone method.--The swine may be given the serum-
alone injection with hog-cholera serum prepared under license from
the Secretary of Agriculture. The dose of serum administered shall
be in conformity with the amounts specified under paragraph (g).
Simultaneous-inoculation method.-The swine may be given the
simultaneous inoculation with anti-hog-cholera serum and hog-cholera
virus prepared under license from the Secretary of Agriculture. The
doses of serum and virus administered shall be in conformity with
the amount specified in paragraph (g).
(f) After receiving either of the treatments prescribed in para-
graph (e), the hogs shall be disinfected in a 2 per cent solution of
a permitted saponified cresol solution and be held in noninfectious
pens for at least three hours before being loaded for interstate trans-
portation.
(g) The doses of serum and of virus used for the treatment of
swine under the provisions of paragraph (e) shall in no instance
be less than recommended in the following table:
Doses of ordinary defibrinated blood serum.1

Dose of
Weight of swine (pounds). serum (cubic
centimeters).

20to40 ..................... 30
40 to 60 .................... 30 to 40
60to90 ..................... 40to50
90to 120 ................... 50to60
.120 to 150................... 60 to 70
l.5 to 180 ................... 70to80
180 and over ................ 80 to 100
I If clear serum is used the volume of which has been reduced 20 per cent or more below that of ordinary
defibrinated blood serum, the dose of serum may be 20 per cent less than here shown.






25


Doses of virus.

SDose of
Weight of swine (pounds). virus (cubic
centimeters).

20 to40 .....................! 1
Over 40 .................... 2

(h) The shipment shall be accompanied by a certificate issued by
a bureau inspector.
(i) The swine shall be transported in clean and disinfected cars
or other vehicles.
DISINFECTION OF CARS AND VEHICLES.

SECTION 3. Cars and other vehicles which have contained inter-
state shipments of diseased swine shall be cleaned and disinfected as
soon as possible after the swine are unloaded. Cars that have con-
tained interstate shipments of swine destined to places where bureau
inspection is maintained shall not be moved from such places until a
bureau inspector has ascertained the condition of the live animals
and the cars have been released or they have been cleaned and disin-
fected, as directed by the inspector, in accordance with Regulation
1, sections 4, 5, and 6.
SWINE FOR PURPOSES OTHER THAN SLAUGHTER TRANSPORTED IN CLEAN CARS
OR OTHER VEHICLES.

SECTION 4. No swine shall be transported interstate for purposes
other than slaughter in cars or other vehicles which have been used in
the transportation of live stock since they were last cleaned and dis-
infected, unless the cars or other vehicles in which they are loaded
are first cleaned and disinfected in the manner prescribed in Regu-
lation 1, sections 5 and 6.

REGULATION 7.-TO PREVENT THE SPREAD OF TUBERCULOSIS
IN CATTLE.

SECTION 1. Paragraph 1. No cattle shall be shipped, driven on
foot, transported, or received for transportation interstate unless and
until such cattle have been subjected to a physical examination and
tuberculin test, applied as directed in paragraph 2 of this section and
a tuberculin-test chart and health certificate, showing them to be
apparently free from tuberculosis and any other contagious, infec-
tious, or communicable disease of animals has been issued and the
requirements of paragraph 2 of section 10 of Regulation 1 of this
order are fully complied with: Provided, however, That cattle which
have at any time reacted to the tuberculin test shall not thereafter be
shipped, driven on foot, transported, or received for transportation
interstate, notwithstanding such cattle may have been subjected
again to the tuberculin test and on such subsequent test have been
found apparently free from tuberculosis, except in cases where the






26 t.

reacting cattle are permitted to be moved interstate subject to the
conditions and requirements prescribed in section 3, 4, or 6 of this
regulation.
Paragraph 2. The physical examination; tuberculin test, health
certificate, and tuberculin-test chart, required by paragraph 1 of this
section shall be made, applied, and issued, within a reasonable time
prior to the shipping, driving on foot, transporting, or receiving
for transportation, either by a veterinarian of the State of origin,
who shall have been authorized by such State and approved by the
bureau to apply the test, make the examination, and issue the certifi-
cate and test chart, or by a veterinary inspector of the bureau at a
public stockyard or other regular bureau station: Provided, That
when the cattle are destined to a State which recognizes the intra-
dermic tuberculin test and such test is applied, the test chart shall
show that the last observation was made not earlier than the seventy-
second hour after injection and no reaction obtained on the cattle
shipped thereunder, or when the subcutaneous tuberculin test is
applied the chart shall show that at least three temperatures were
taken two or three hours apart before injection of tuberculin; that
at least six temperatures were taken two hours apart after injection,
beginning not later than eight hours after the injection of the
tuberculin; and that the test had run for a period of not less than
eighteen hours after injection; and no reaction obtained on the cattle
shipped thereunder :7 Provided further, That if 50 per cent of any
lot of cattle tuberculin tested react, the remainder of the lot shall
not be shipped interstate without a proper retest, except for imme-
diate slaughter: And provided further, That all cattle not identified
by registration name and number shall be identified by a proper
metal ear tag.
SECTION 2. Cattle of the following classes may be shipped, driven on
foot, transported, and received for transportation interstate without
the provisions of section 1 of this regulation being complied with,
provided the following conditions and requirements are strictly com-
plied with, to wit:
Paragraph 1. Accredited herds.-Cattle from a herd accredited by
the bureau, in cooperation with the various States, as free from
tuberculosis shall be accompanied by a certificate issued by an au-
thorized State or Federal inspector showing the cattle to be from
such a herd.
Paragraph 2. Steers and range cattle.-Steers and strictly range
cattle may be shipped, transported, or otherwise moved interstate
to a State or Territory the laws, rules, or regulations of which do
not require these classes of cattle to be tuberculin tested.
Paragraph 3. Slaughter cattle.-Cattle for immediate slaughter
shall be shipped, transported, or otherwise moved to a place where
7 When the cattle are tested by a veterinarian other than a bureau inspector the
original and o-ne copy of the tuberculin-test chart and health certificate shall be sent to
the live-stock sanitary officer of the State from which the cattle are to be shipped or
moved and upon approval by him the original copy shall be forwarded to the bureau;
one copy of the test chart and health certificate shall be sent to the proper live-stock
sanitary official of the State of destination in ample time to reach him before the arrival
of the cattle at destination, and one copy of the test chart and health certificate shall
accompany the cattle to destination. (Each State will be expected to provide the ap-
proved veterinarians with blank forms of tuberculin-test charts and health certificates
along the lines of those used by the bureau, but present forms may be used until
exhausted.)






27


bureau or State meat-inspection service is maintained or to a place
designated by the proper State live-stock sanitary official of the State
of destination.
Paragraph 4. Shipments to public stockyards.-Cattle free from any
infectious, contagious, and communicable disease may be shipped,
transported, or otherwise moved interstate to a public stockyard
without restriction.
Paragraph 5. Feeding and grazing cattle.-Female cattle, for feed-
ing or grazing purposes, and bulls for feeding purposes, may be
shipped, transported, or otherwise moved interstate from public
stockyards upon permission being first obtained from the bureau in-
spector at said stockyards. Such cattle shall be shipped, transported,
or otherwise moved only to a State the laws or regulations of which
provide for the quarantine of such cattle through the feeding or
grazing period and for their release only on written permit by the
proper State regulatory authorities.
Paragraph 6. Emigrant shipments.-Cattle belonging to an emigrant
outfit, containing not more than 10 cattle, to which it is impracticable
to apply the tuberculin test at origin or at a public stockyards, shall
be accompanied by a permit first obtained from the bureau inspector
in charge of tuberculosis-eradication work in the State of destina-
tion, or the proper State official thereof, authorizing such test to be
applied en route or at destination.
Paragraph 7. Cattle not under quarantine by the State may be
shipped interstate subject to State restrictions at destination, without
the tuberculin test required in section 1 of this regulation, from
areas officially declared by the chief of the bureau as "modified ac-
credited areas," i. e., areas in which the percentage of cattle infected
with tuberculosis does not exceed one-half of one per cent (0.5%),
when such cattle are properly identified by ear tags or registration
names and numbers and are accompanied by a certificate issued by
an authorized State or Federal inspector, or veterinarian approved
by the State, showing the cattle to have originated in such modified
area.
SECTION 3. Shipments of tuberculous cattle for slaughter.-Cattle
which have reacted to the tuberculin test shall not be shipped, trans-
ported, received for transportation, or otherwise moved interstate for
immediate slaughter, unless the following conditions and restrictions
are strictly observed and complied with:
Paragraph 1. The cattle shall be shipped, transported, or moved to
an establishment or a public stockyards where Federal inspection is
maintained under the provisions of the act of March 4, 1907 (34
Stat. 1260), and shall there be slaughtered under such inspection.
Paragraph 2. The cattle shall be marked for identification by
branding the letter T" on the left jaw, not less than 2 nor more
than 3 inches high, and attaching to the left ear a metal tag bearing
a serial number and the inscription U. S. B. A. I. Reacted," or a
similar State reactor tag.
Paragraph 3. The cattle shall be accompanied to destination by a
certificate issued by a bureau inspector or a regularly employed State
inspector engaged in cooperative tuberculosis-eradication work, show-
ing (1) that the cattle have reacted to the tuberculin test, (2) that
they may be shipped interstate, and (3) the purpose for which they
are shipped.





28


Paragraph 4. The car or the compartment of the, -boat in which
tuberculous cattle have been transported interstate shall be cleaned
and disinfected under bureau supervision by the final carrier at des-
tination in accordance with Regulation 1, sections 4, 5, and 6.
Paragraph 5. The cattle shall not be shipped or transported in cars
or in compartments of boats containing healthy cattle or hogs unless
all the animals are for immediate slaughter or unless the tuberculous
cattle are separated from the other animals by a wood partition
which shall be securely affixed to the walls of the car or boat.
SECTION 4. Reshipments of purebred tuberculous cattle.-Purebred
cattle which have been shipped interstate for breeding or feeding
purposes, and which have reacted to the tuberculin test subsequent
to such shipment, shall not be reshipped interstate for purposes
other than slaughter, unless the following conditions and restrictions
are strictly observed and complied with:
Paragraph 1. The cattle shall be consigned to the original owner
and to the same point of origin.
Paragraph 2. The cattle shall not be shipped or transported in
cars or in compartments of boats containing healthy cattle or hogs.
Paragraph 3. The cattle shall be accompanied to destination by a
certificate issued by a bureau inspector or a regularly employed State
inspector engaged in cooperative tuberculosis-eradication work show-
ing (1) that the cattle have reacted to the tuberculin test, (2) that
they may be shipped interstate, and (3) the purpose for which they
are shipped.
Paragraph 4. The original and retest tuberculin-test charts, show-
ing that both tests were properly conducted, shall be submitted for
examination to the bureau or State inspector who issues the certifi-
cate.
Paragraph 5. The cattle shall be marked for identification by
branding the letter" T" not less than 2 nor more than 3 inches high,
on the left jaw, and attaching to the left ear a metal tag bearing a
serial number and the inscription U. S. B. A. I. Reacted," or a
similar State reactor tag.
Paragraph 6. The cattle shall not be shipped to any State, Terri-
tory, or the District of Columbia which does not provide for the
segregation or quarantine of tuberculous cattle until their death by
slaughter or from natural causes.
Paragraph 7. The cattle shall not again be shipped interstate
except for immediate slaughter in accordance with the provisions
of section 3 of this regulation.
Paragraph 8. The car or the compartment of the boat in which
tuberculous cattle have been transported interstate shall be cleaned
and disinfected under bureau supervision by the final carrier at des-
tination in accordance with Regulation 1, sections 4, 5, and 6.
SECTION 5. All cars from which tuberculous cattle, after having
been transported in interstate commerce, are transferred en route
shall be cleaned and disinfected by the carrier having possession of
the car from which the animals were transferred, in accordance with
the provisions of Regulation 1, sections 4, 5, and 6.
SECTION 6. Shipments from quarantined areas.-Cattle may be shipped,
transported, or otherwise moved interstate from an area quarantined
for tuberculosis in cattle in accordance with the provisions of this





29


regulation, but purebred cattle which have reacted to the tuberculin
test, except those cattle specified in section 4 of this regulation, may
be shipped, transported, or otherwise moved interstate from the
quarantined area, provided permission is first obtained from the Sec-
retary of Agriculture and the proper State authorities at destination,
and the cattle are intended for inclusion in a herd at destination
maintained under Federal and State supervision in accordance with
the system known as the Bang System: And provided further, That
the conditions specified in paragraphs 2, 3, 5, 6, and 9 of section 4 of
this regulation are complied with.















ACTS OF CONGRESS.

AN ACT For the establishment of a Bureau of Animal Industry, to prevent the exporta-
tion of diseased cattle, and to provide means for the suppression and extirpation of
pleuropneumonia and other contagious diseases among domestic animals. (23 Stat.,
31.)
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That the CommissiO6ner of Agriculture
shall organize in his department a Bureau of Animal Industry, and shall ap-
point a chief thereof, who shall be a competent veterinary surgeon, and whose
duty it shall be to investigate and report upon the condition of domestic animals
of the United States, their protection and use, and also inquire into and report
the causes of contagious, infectious, and communicable diseases among them,
and the means for the prevention and cure of the same, and to collect such
information on these subjects as shall be valuable to the agricultural and com-
mercial interests of the country; and the Commissioner of Agriculture is hereby
authorized to employ a force sufficient for this purpose, not to exceed twenty
persons at any one time. The salary of the chief of said bureau shall be three
thousand dollars per annum; and the commissioner shall appoint a clerk for
said bureau, with a salary of one thousand five hundred dollars per annum.
SEC. 2. That the Commissioner of Agriculture is authorized to appoint two
competent agents, who shall be practical stock raisers or experienced business
men familiar with questions pertaining to commercial transactions in live stock,
and whose duty it shall be, under the instructions of the Commissioner of Agri-
culture, to examine and report upon the best methods of treating, transporting,
and caring for animals, and the means to be adopted for the suppression and
extirpation of contagious pleuropneumonia, and to provide against the spread
of other dangerous, contagious, infectious, and communicable diseases. The
compensation of said agents shall be at the rate of ten dollars per diem, with
all necessary expenses while engaged in the actual performance of their duties
under this act, when absent from their usual place of business or residence as
such agent.
SEC. 3. That it shall be the duty of the Commissioner of Agriculture to pre-
pare such rules and regulations as he may deem necessary for the speedy and
effectual suppression and extirpation of said diseases, and to certify such rules
and regulations to the executive authority of each State and Territory, and
invite said authorities to cooperate in the execution and enforcement of this
act. Whenever the plans and methods of the Commissioner of Agriculture
shall be accepted by any State or Territory in which pleuropneumonia or
other contagious, infectious, or communicable disease is declared to exist, or
such State or Territory shall have adopted plans and methods for the sup-
pression and extirpation of said diseases, and such plans and methods shall be
accepted by the Commissioner of Agriculture, and whenever the governor of a
State or other properly constituted authorities signify their readiness to co-
operate for the extinction of any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease
in conformity with the provisions of this act, the Commissioner of Agriculture
is hereby authorized to expend so much of the money appropriated by this act
as minay be necessary in such investigations and in such disinfection and quaran-
tine measures as may be necessary to prevent the spread of the disease from
one State or Territory into another.
Sic. 4. That in order to promote the exportation of live stock from the United
States the Commissioner of Agriculture shall make special investigation as to
the existence of pleuropneumonia, or any contagious, infectious, or communi-
cable disease, along the dividing lines between the United States and for-
eign countries, and along the lines of transportation from all parts of the
United States to ports from which live stock are exported, and make report
of the results of such investigation to the Secretary of the Treasury, who
shall from time to time establish such regulations concerning the exportation
(30)






31

and transportation of live stock as the results of said investigations may
require.
SEC. 5. That to prevent the exportation from any port of the United States
to any port in a foreign country of live stock affected with any contagious, in-
fectious, or communicable disease, and especially pleuropneumonia, the Secre-
tary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized to take such steps and
bdopt such measures, not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, as he
may deem necessary.
SEC. 6. That no railroad company within the United States, or the owners or
masters of any steam or sailing or other vessel or boat, shall receive for trans-
portation or transport, from one State or Territory to another, or from any
State into the District of Columbia, or from the District into any State, any
live stock affected with any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease, and
especially the disease known as pleuropneumonia; nor shall any person, com-
pany, or corporation deliver for such transportation to any railroad company, or
master or owner of any boat or vessel, any live stock, knowing them to be
affected with any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease; nor shall
any person, company, or corporation drive on foot or transport in private con-
veyance from one State or Territory to another, or from any State into the Dis-
trict of Columbia, or from the District into any State, any live stock, knowing
them to be affected with any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease,
and especially the disease known as pleuropneumonia: Provided, That the so-
called splenetic, or Texas, fever shall not be considered a contagious, infectious,
or communicable disease within the meaning of sections four, five, six, and
seven of this act, as to cattle being transported by rail to market for slaughter,
when the same are unloaded only to be fed and watered in lots on the way
thereto.
SEC. 7. That it shall be the duty of the Commissioner of Agriculture to notify,
in writing, the proper officials or agents of any railroad, steamboat, or other
transportation company doing business in or through any infected locality, and
by publication in such newspapers as he may select, of the existence of said
contagion; and any person or persons operating any such railroad, or master or
owner of any boat or vessel, or owner or custodian of or person having control
over such cattle or other live stock within such infected district, who shall
knowingly violate the provisions of section six of this act, shall be guilty of a
misdemeanor, and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine of not less than
one hundred dollars nor more than five thousand dollars, or be imprisoned for
not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
SEC. 8. That whenever any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease
affecting domestic animals, and especially the disease known as pleuropneumo-
nia, shall be brought into or shall break out in the District of Columbia, it
shall be the duty of the Commissioners of said District to take measures to
suppress the same promptly and to prevent the same from spreading; and for
this purpose the said Commissioners are hereby empowered to order and require
that any premises, farm, or farms, where such disease exists, or has existed,
be put in quarantine; to order all or any animals coming into the District to
be detained at any place or places for the purpose of inspection and examina-
tion; to prescribe'regulations for and require the destruction of animals affected
with contagious, infectious, and communicable disease, and for the proper dis-
position of their hides and carcasses; to prescribe regulations for disinfection,
and such other regulations as they may deem necessary to prevent infection or
contagion being communicated, and shall report to the Commissioner of Agri-
culture whatever they may do in pursuance of the provisions of this section.
SEC. 9. That it shall be the duty of the several United States district attorneys
to prosecute all violations of this act which shall be brought to their notice or
knowledge by any person making the complaint under oath; and the same shall
be heard before any district or circuit court of the United States or Terri-
torial court holden within the district in which the violation of this act has
been committed. ,

[Extract from act approved May 31, 1920 (41 Stats., 694, 699).]

And provided further, That the act approved May 29, 1884 (Twenty-third
Statutes at Large, page 31), be, and the same is hereby, amended to permit
hereafter cattle which have reacted to the tuberculin test to be shipped, trans-
ported, or moved from one State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, to any






32


other State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, for immediate slaughter,
in accordance with such rules and regulations as shall be prescribed by the
Secretary of Agriculture: And provided further, That hereafter the Secretary
of Agriculture may, in his discretion, and under such rules and regulations as
he may prescribe, permit cattle which have been shipped for breeding or feed-
ing purposes from one State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, to another
State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, and which have reacted to the
tuberculin test subsequent to such shipment, to be reshipped in interstate
commerce to the original owner.


AN ACT To enable the Secretary of Agriculture to more effectually suppress and prevent
the spread of contagious and infectious diseases of live stock, and for other purposes.
(32 Stat., 791.)
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That in order to enable the Secretary
of Agriculture to effectually suppress and extirpate contagious pleuropneu-
monia, foot-and-mouth disease, and other dangerous, contagious, infectious, and
communicable diseases in cattle and other live stock, and to prevent the
spread of such diseases, the powers conferred on the Secretary of the Treasury
by sections four and five of an act entitled "An act for the establishment of a
Bureau of Animal Industry, to prevent the exportation of diseased cattle, and to
provide means for the suppression and extirpation of pleuropneumonia and
other contagious diseases among domestic animals," approved May twenty-ninth,
eighteen hundred and eighty-four (twenty-third United States Statutes, thirty-
one), are hereby conferred on the Secretary of Agriculture, to be exercised
exclusively by him. He is hereby authorized and directed, from time to time,
to establish such rules and regulations concerning the exportation and trans-
portation of live stock from any place within the United States where he may
have reason to believe such diseases may exist into and through any State or
Territory, including the Indian Territory, and into and through the District of
Columbia and to foreign countries, as he may deem necessary, and all such rules
and regulations shall have the force of law. Whenever any inspector or as-
sistant inspector of the Bureau of Animal Industry shall issue a certificate show-
ing that such officer had inspected any cattle or other live stock which -were
about to be shipped, driven, or transported from such locality to another, as
above stated, and had found them free from Texas, or splenetic, fever infec-
tion, pleuropneumonia, foot-and-mouth disease, or any other infectious, con-
tagious, or communicable disease, such animals so inspected and certified may
be shipped, driven, or transported from such place into and through any State
or Territory, including the Indian Territory, and into and through the District
of Columbia, or they may be exported from the United States without further
inspection or the exaction of fees of any kind, except such as may at any time
be ordered or exacted by the Secretary of Agriculture; and all such animals
shall at all times be under the control and supervision of the Bureau of Animal
Industry of the Agricultural Department for the purposes of such inspection.
SEC. 2. That the Secretary of Agriculture shall have authority to make such
regulations and take such measures as he may deem proper to prevent the
introduction or dissemination of the contagion of any contagious, infectious, or
communicable disease of animals from a foreign country into the United States
or from one State or Territory of the United States or the District of Columbia
to another, and to seize, quarantine, and dispose of any hay, straw, forage, or
similar material, or any meats, hides, or other animal products coming from an
infected foreign country to the United States, or from one State or Territory or
the District of Columbia in transit to another State or Territory or the District
of Columbia whenever in his judgment such action is advisable in order to
guard against the introduction or spread of such contagion.
SEC. 3. That any person, company, or corporation knowingly violating the
provisions of this act or the orders or regulations made in pursuance thereof
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be punished by a
fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars,
or by imprisonment not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprison-
ment.
Approved, February 2, 1903.






33


AN ACT To enable the Secretary of Agriculture to establish and maintain quarantine
districts, to permit and regulate the movement of cattle and other live stock therefrom,
and for other purposes. (33 Stat., 1264.)

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of Agriculture is
authorized and directed to quarantine any State or Territory or the District
of Columbia, or any portion of any State or Territory or the District of Colum-
bia, when he shall determine the fact that cattle or other live stock in such
State or Territory or District of Columbia are affected with any contagious,
infectious, or communicable disease; and the Secretary of Agriculture is
directed to give written or printed notice of the establishment of quarantine to
the proper officers of railroad, steamboat, or other transportation companies
doing business in or through any quarantined State or Territory or the District
of Columbia, and to publish in such newspapers in the quarantined State or
Territory or the District of Columbia, as the Secretary of Agriculture may
select, notice of the establishment of quarantine.
SEC. 2. That no railroad company or the owners or masters of any steam or
sailing or other vessel or boat shall receive for transportation or transport
from any quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from
the quarantined portion of any State of Territory or the District of Columbia,
into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia. any cattle or
other live stock, except as hereinafter provided; nor shall any person, company,
or corporation deliver for such transportation to any railroad company, or to
the master or owner of any boat or vessel any cattle or other live stock, except
is hereinafter provided; nor shall any person, company, or corporation drive
on foot, or cause to be driven on foot, or transport in private conveyance or
cause to be transported in private conveyance, from a quarantined State
or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of
any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or
Territory or the District of Columbia, any cattle or other live stock, except
as hereinafter provided.
SEC. 3. That it shall be the duty of the Secretary of Agriculture, and he is
hereby authorized and directed, when the public safety will permit, to make
and promulgate rules and regulations which shall permit and govern the in-
spection, disinfection, certification, treatment, handling, and method and man-
ner of delivery and shipment of cattle or other live stock from a quarantined
State or Territory or the District of Columbia, and from the quarantined portion
of any State or Territory or the District of Coipmbia, into any other State or
Territory or the District of Columbia; and the Secretary of Agriculture shall
give notice of such rules and regulations in the manner provided in section two
of this act for notice of establishment of quarantine.
SEC. 4. That cattle or other live stock may be moved from a quarantined
State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined por-
tion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State
or Territory or the District of Columbia, under and in compliance with the
rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture, made and promulgated
in pursuance of the provisions of section three of this act; but it shall be un-
lawful to move, or to allow to be moved, any cattle or other live stock from
any quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the
quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into
any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia, in manner or method
or under conditions other than those prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture.
SEC. 5. That every person who forcibly assaults, resists, opposes, prevents,
impedes, or interferes with any officer or employee of the Bureau of Animal
Industry of the United States Department of Agriculture in the execution of
his duties, or on account of the execution of his duties, shall be fined not less
than one hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars, or be imprisoned
not less than one month nor more than one year, or by both such fine and im-
prisonmnient; and every person who discharges any deadly weapon at any officer
or employee of the Bureau of Animal Industry of the United States Department
of Agriculture, or uses any dangerous or deadly weapon in resisting him in the
execution of his duties, with intent to commit a bodily injury upon him or to
deter or prevent him from discharging his duties, or on account of the perform-
ance of his duties, shall, upon conviction, be imprisoned at hard labor for a
term not more than five years or fined not to exceed one thousand dollars.






34


Ssc. 6. That any person, company, or corporation violating the provisions of
sections two or four of this act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on con-
viction shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor
more than one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not more than one year,
or by both such fine and imprisonment.
Approved, March 3, 1905.
[Extract from act approved Mar. 4, 1913 (37 Stat., 831).]

That hereafter all the provisions of the said act approved March third, nine-
teen hundred and five, shall apply to any railroad company or other common
carrier, whose road or line forms any part of a route over which cattle or
other livestock are transported in the course of shipment from any quaran-
tined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined
portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other
State or Territory or the District of Columbia; * *.
AN ACT To prevent cruelty to animals while in transit by railroad or other means of
transportation from one State or Territory or the District of Columbia into or through
another State or Territory or the District of Columbia, and repealing sections forty-
three hundred and eighty-six, forty-three hundred and eighty-seven, forty-three hundred
and eighty-eight, forty-three hundred and eighty-nine, and forty-three hundred and
ninety of the United States Revised Statutes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That no railroad, express company,
car company, common carrier other than by water, or the receiver, trustee, or
lessee of any of them, whose road forms any part of a line of road over which
cattle, sheep, swine, or other animals shall be conveyed from one State or Ter-
ritory or the District of Columbia into or through another State or Territory or
the District of Columbia, or the owners or masters of steam, sailing, or other
vessels carrying or transporting cattle, sheep, swine, or other animals from one
State or Territory or the District of Columbia into or through another State or
Territory or the District of Columbia, shall confine the same in cars, boats, or
vessels of any description for a period longer than twenty-eight consecutive
hours without unloading the same, in a humane manner, into properly equipped
pens for rest, water, and feeding, for a period of at least five consecutive hours,
unless prevented by storm or by other accidental or unavoidable causes which
can not be anticipated or avoided by the exercise of due diligence and fore-
sight: Provided, That upon the written request of the owner or person in cus-
tody of that particular shipment, which written request shall be separate and
apart from any printed bill of lading, or other railroad form, the time of con-
finement may be extended to thirty-six hours. In estimating such confinement,
the time consumed in loading ritnd unloading shall not be considered, but the
time during which the animals have been confined without such rest or food or
water on connecting roads shall be included, it being the intent of this act to
prohibit their continuous confinement beyond the period of twenty-eight hours,
except upon the contingencies hereinbefore stated: Provide&, That it shall not
be required that sheep be unloaded in the nighttime, but where the time expires
in the nighttime in case of sheep the same may continue in transit to a suitable
place for unloading, subject to the aforesaid limitation of thirty-six hours.
SEC. 2. That animals so unloaded shall be properly fed and watered during
such rest either by the owner or person having the custody thereof, or in case
of his default in so doing then by the railroad, express company, car company,
common carrier other than by water, or the receiver, trustee, or lessee of any
of them, or by the owners or masters of boats or vessels transporting the same,
at the reasonable expense of the owner or person in custody thereof, and such
railroad, express company, car company, common carrier other than by water,
receiver, trustee, or lessee or any of them, owners or masters, shall in such case
have a lien upon such animals for food, care, and custody furnished, collectible
at their destination in the same manner as the transportation charges are col-
lected, and shall not be liable for any detention of such animals, when such
detention is of reasonable duration, to enable compliance with section one of
this act; but nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the owner or
shipper of animals from furnishing food therefore if he so desires.
SEC. 3. That any railroad, express company, car company, common carrier
other than by water, or the receiver, trustee, or lessee of any af them, or the
master or owner of any steam, sailing, or other vessel who knowingly and will-
fully fails to comply with the provisions of the two preceding sections shall for




i ii : i ::*:..; ..

35

every such failure be liable for and forfeit and pay a penalty of not less than
one hundred nor more than five hundred dollars: Provided, That when animals
are carried in cars, boats, or other vessels in which they can and do have
proper food, water, space, and opportunity to rest the provisions in regard to
their being unloaded shall not apply.
SEC. 4. That the penalty created by the preceding section shall be recovered
by civil action in the name of the United States in the circuit or district court
holden within the district where the violation may have been committed or the
person or corporation resides or carries on business; and it shall be the duty
of United States attorneys to prosecute all violations of this act reported by the
Secretary of Agriculture, or whichh come to their notice or knowledge by other
means.
SEC. 5. That sections forty-three hundred and eighty-six, forty-three hundred
and eighty-seven, forty-three hundred and eighty-eight, forty-three hundred and
eighty-nine, and forty-three hundred and ninety of the Revised Statutes of the
United States be, and the same are hereby, repealed.
Approved, June 29, 1906.


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