Regulations governing the sanitary handling and control of hides, fleshings, hide cuttings, parings, and glue stock, she...

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Title:
Regulations governing the sanitary handling and control of hides, fleshings, hide cuttings, parings, and glue stock, sheepskins and goatskins and parts thereof, hair, wool, and other animal by-products, hay, straw, forage, or similar material offered for entry into the United States
Physical Description:
11 p. : ; 23 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Animal Industry
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Animal industry -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry.
General Note:
B.A.I. order 313

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 029800119
oclc - 174285299
System ID:
AA00019021:00001

Full Text

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(B. A I. Order 313) 1P

United States Department f UgrfcbTtur

BUREAU OF ANIMAL SINDS US EPSTR
______ LU.S.DEPOSITORy

REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE SANITARY HANDLING
AND CONTROL OF HIDES, FLESHINGS, HIDE CUTTINGS,
PARINGS, AND GLUE STOCK, SHEEPSKINS AND GOAT-
SKINS AND PARTS THEREOF, HAIR, WOOL, AND OTHER
ANIMAL BY-PRODUCTS, HAY, STRAW, FORAGE, OR
SIMILAR MATERIAL OFFERED FOR ENTRY INTO THE
UNITED STATES
effective May 1, 1999

WASHINGTON, D. C., NcLember 24, 1928.
Under authority of the act of Congress approved September 21, 1922, entitled
"An act to provide revenue, to regulate commerce with foreign countries, to en-
courage the industries of the United States, and for other purposes" (42 Stat.
858, 937), and the act of Congress approved February 2, 1903, entitled "An act
to enable the Secretary of Agriculture to more effectually suppress and prevent
the spread of contagious and infectious diseases of livestock, and for other pur-
poses" (32 Stat. 791), the following regulations are issued for the purpose of
preventing the introduction of anthrax, foot-and-mouth disease, and rinderpest
I from foreign countries into the United States.
For purposes of identification these regulations are designated as B. A. L
Order 313. The regulations heretofore issued by the Secretary of Agriculture
..on this subject, under date of May 29, 1924, effective September 1, 1924, and
designated as B. A. I. Order 286, and all amendments thereto, are hereby re-
voked, to take effect on May 1, 1929, on and after which date the regulations
herein prescribed shall become and be effective until otherwise ordered.
[SAILA] W. M. JARDINE,
Secretary of Agrioulture.

Regulation 1.-Definitions
Whenever in these regulations the following words, names, or terms are
used they shall be construed, respectively, to mean:
Department: United States Department of Agriculture.
Bureau: The Bureau of Animal Industry, United States Department of Agri-
culture.
Approved warehouse: A warehouse having facilities for the handling and
storage of hides, skins, wool hair, bristles, or other animal by-products apart
from other merchandise and approved by the bureau for such use.
Approved chlorinating equipment: An equipment approved by the bureau as
efficient for the disinfection of effluents against anthrax.
Approved sewerage system: A drainage system equipped and operated so
as to carry and dispose of sewage without endangering livestock through the
contamination of streams or fields and approved by the bureau.
Animal by-products: Hides, skins, hair wool, glue stock, bones, hoofs, horns,
Sbone meal, hoof meal, horn meal, blood meal, meat meal, tankage, or other
parts or products of equines, ruminants, and swine unsuitable for human con-
sumption.
Pickled hides and skins: Hides and skins which have been pickled in a solu-
tion of salt containing mineral acid and packed in barrels or casks while still
wet with such solution.
.. -Hog hair: The soft and finer hair obtained from swine.
Hog bristles: The stiff hair obtained from the backs and necks of swine.
. Camel hair: The hair or wool obtained from camels, dromedaries, alpacas,
i vicunas, or other animals of the family Camelidae.


24474-28


(1)









Glue stock: Dried blood or blood albumen, fleshings, hide cuttings, and par-
ings, tendons, or other parts of animal carcasses and vegetable materials for
use in the manufacture of glue.
Bone meal: Ground or crushed animal bones.
Blood meal: Dried blood of animals.
Meat meal or tankage: The rendered and dried carcasses or parts of the
carcasses of animals.
Hay and straw: Dried grasses, clovers, legumes, and similar materials or
stalks or stems of various grains, such as barley, oats, rice, rye, and wheat.
Forage: Any food suitable for domestic animals.

Regulation 2.-Country of Origin

No products or materials specified in these regulations shall be imported
into the United States unless there be shown upon the consular invoice, or in
some other manner satisfactory to the chief of bureau, the name of the country
of origin of such product or material, provided that the country of origin
shall be construed to mean, (a) in the case of an animal by-product, the
country in which such product was taken from an animal or animals, and (b)
in the case of other materials, the country in which such materials were pro-
duced.

Regulation 3.-By-Products from Diseased Animals Prohibited

No animal by-product taken or removed from an animal affected with anthrax,
foot-and-mouth disease, or rinderpest shall be imported into the United States.

Regulation 4.-Importations from Canada

No requirement or condition of the following regulations shall be construed
to apply to animal by-products, hay, straw, forage, or other materials specified
in this order, originating in Canada and imported directly therefrom into the
United States. Animal by-products not originating in but imported into the
Dominion of Canada from another foreign country may be imported therefrom
into the United States without compliance with the following regulations, when
accompanied by a certificate signed by a veterinarian in the employ of and
receiving a salary from the Canadian Government stating that the products
covered by the said certificate have been imported into Canada in full com-
pliance with the Canadian regulations, provided such Canadian regulations are
found by the bureau to be the substantial equivalent of those contained in this
order.
Regulation 5.-Hides and Skins

SECTION 1. Untanned hides of cattle, buffalo, and horses or other equines, and
untanned calfskins, goatskins, swine skins, or sheepskins, which do not meet
the conditions or requirements specified in any one of paragraphs (a) to (f)
following, shall not be imported into the United States except subject to han-
dling and treatment in accordance with section 2 of this regulation after arrival
at the port of entry:
(a) Hides and skins may be imported without other restriction if accompanied by a
certificate signed by a United States consular officer showing that the hides and skins
covered by the invoice specified in said certificate were taken from animals in a section
of '.ie country of origin in which, to the best of his knowledge and belief, anthrax is not
prevalent and neither foot-and-mouth disease nor rinderpest exists; or
(b) Hard, dried hides and skins may be imported without other restriction if accom-
panied by a certificate signed by a United States consular officer showing that the hides
and skins covered by the invoice specified in said certificate were taken from animals
in a section of the country of origin in which, to the best of his knowledge and belief,
anthrax is not prevalent; or
(c)' Hides and skins consigned from a point at which there is suitable equipment for
their disinfection by immersion may be imported without other restriction if accom-
panied by a certificate signed by a United States consular officer showing that the hides
and skins covered by the invoice specified in said certificate have been disinfected under
the supervision of a member of the consular staff by any one of the methods approved or
which may hereafter be approved by the chief of bureau; or

1Certificates under this paragraph may be issued only at points where a sufficient con-
sular staff is stationed to supervise disinfection and is available for such work.








(d) Abattoir hides and skins taken from animals slaughtered under national gov-
ernment inspection in a country2 and in an abattoir in which is maintained an
inspection service found by the Secretary of Agriculture to be adequate to assure that
they have been removed from animals found at time of slaughter to be free from anthrax,
foot-and-mouth disease, and rinderpest and to further assure the identity of such 'ma-
terials until loaded upon the transporting vessel, may be imported without other restric-
tion if accompanied by a certificate bearing the seal of the proper department of such
national government and signed by an official veterinary inspector of such country show-
ing that the therein described hides or skins were taken from animals slaughtered in
such specified abattoir and found free from anthrax, foot-and-mouth disease, and rinder-
pest; or
(e) Hides and skins may be imported without other restriction if shown upon inspec-
tion by the bureau inspector in charge at the port of entry, or by certificate of the
shipper or importer satisfactory to said inspector, to have been pickled in a solution of
salt containing mineral acid and packed in barrels or casks while still wet with such
solution ; or
(f) Hides and skins may be imported without other restriction if shown upon inspec-
tion by the bureau inspector in charge at the port of entry, or by certificate of the
shipper or importer satisfactory to said inspector, to have been treated with lime in
such manner and for such period as to have become dehaired and to have reached the
stage of preparation for immediate manufacture into products ordinarily made from
rawhide.
SiX. 2. Hides and skins offered for importation into the United States, which
have not met the conditions or requirements of section 1 of this regulation,
shall be handled and treated in the following manner after arrival at the
port of entry:
(1) They shall be consigned from the coast or border port of arrival to an establish-
ment discharging drainage into an approved sewerage system or having an approved
chlorinating equipment adequate for the proper disinfection of effluents: Provided, how-
ever, That under special circumstances the chief of bureau may permit the shipment of
such hides and skins to tanneries not so connected or equipped subject to disinfection by
such method or methods as he may prescribed: Proided, also, That upon special per-
mission of the chief of bureau such hides or skins may be stored for a temporary period
in approved warehouses under bond, and under the supervision of a bureau inspector:
And provided further, That I. T. or in-bond shipments of hides or skins may go forward
under customs seals from a coast or border port of arrival, with the approval of a
bureau inspector at said port, to another port in the United States for consumption
entry subject to the other provisions of this section ;
(2) They shall be moved from the coast or border port of arrival, or in case of I. T.
or in-bond shipments, mentioned in paragraph 1 of this section, from the interior port,
to the establishment in cars or trucks, or, when especially permitted by the bureau,
in vessel compartments, with no other materials contained therein, sealed with seals of the
department which shall not be broken except by bureau inspectors or other persons
authorized by the chief of bureau so to do, or without sealing as aforesaid, and withh
other freight, when packed in tight cases or unbroken casks acceptable to the bureau
inspector in charge at the port of entry; and
(3) They shall be handled at the establishment under the direction of a bureau in-
-pector in a manner approved by the chief of bureau to guard against the dissemina-
tion of foot-and-mouth disease and rinderpest and the discharge of anthrax-infected
effluents.
NoTrE.-Certificates required by this and other regulations should show kind and
quantity of merchandise, the shipping marks, and be issued in triplicate, one copy to
accompany invoice to consignee, one copy to accompany invoice to collector of customs
at port of entry, and one copy to accompany vessel transporting the merchandise.

Regulation 6.-Wool, Hair, and Bristles

SECTION 1. Wool, mohair, horsehair, cattle hair, camel hair, goat hair, hog
hair, and hog bristles which do not meet the conditions or requirements speci-
fied in any one of paragraphs (a) to (h.) following shall not be imported into
the United States except subject to handling and treatment in accordance with
section 2 of this regulation after their aTrrival at the port of entry: Provided,
however, That no matted, bloodstained wool, hair. or bristles shall be imported
under any condition:
(a) Clipped mohair or clipped wool taken from healthy live animals may be itn-
ported without other restriction if unmixed with other hair or wool of any kind; or
(b) Clipped horsehair taken from healthy live horses in any country of North America
or South America may be imported without other restriction if free from tangled or
matted hair; or
(c) Abattoir pulled wool and mohair taken from sheep or goats or hair tiken from
cattle or hair or bristles from swine slaughtered under national government inspection in
a country and in an abattoir in which is maintained an inspection service found by the
Secretary of Agriculture to be adequate to assure that such materials have been removed
from animals found at time of slaughter to be free from anthrax, foot-and-mouth disease,
and rinderpest and to further assure the identity of such materials until loaded upon the
transporting vessel may be imported without other restriction if accompanied by a certifi-
cate bearing the seal of the proper department of said national government and signed
by an official veterinary inspector of such country showing that the therein-described wool
hair, or bristles were taken from animals slaughtered in such specified abattoir and found
free from anthrax, foot-and-mouth disease, and rinderpest; or

2 Names of countries oi this character will be furnished upon request.









* (d) Pulled wool or hair may be imported without other restriction if removed from
skins or hides by the liming process; or
(e) Scoured wool or mohair (including carbonized wool, wool waste, laps, noils, and
tops) may be imported without other restriction if shown to have reached the stage of
preparation for immediate manufacture into yarn, textiles, or other finished products; or
(f) Wool, hair, or bristles from a disinfecting station of a national government, methods
of disinfection at which have been approved by the Secretary of Agriculture, may be
imported without other restriction if accompanied by a certificate of the director or other
accredited official of such, station showing that said wool, hair, or bristles covered by the
consular invoice specified in said certificate have been subjected to the scouring and disin-
fecting process required at such station for the disinfection of wool or hair: or
(g) Hog bristles, drawn horsehair, goat hair, and cattle hair may be imported without
other restriction if fully bleached or dyed or if shown to have been properly cleaned,
washed sorted, and bunched; or
(i) Unprocessed hog hair or bristles may be imported without other restriction If
originating in and shipped directly from a country declared by the Secretary of Agri-
culture to be free from foot-and-mouth disease and rinderpest.
SEC. 2. Wool, hair, and bristles offered for importation into the United States,
which have not met the conditions or requirements of section 1 of this regula-
tion, shall be handled and treated in the following manner after arrival at the
port of entry:
- (1) Such wool, hair, or bristles shall be consigned from the coast or border port of
arrival to an establishment discharging drainage into an approved sewerage system or
having an approved chlorinating equipment adequate for the proper disinfection of efflu-
ents: Provided, however, That under special circumstances the chief of bureau may permit
shipments of wool, hair, or bristles to establishments not so connected or equipped subject
to disinfection by such method or methods as he may prescribe: Provided, also, That
upon special permission by the chief of bureau such wool, hair, or bristles may be stored
for a temporary period in approved warehouses under bond and under the supervision of
a bureau inspector: And provided further, That I. T. or in-bond shipments of wool, hair,
or bristles may go forward under customs seals from a coast or border port of arrival
with the approval of a bureau inspector at said port, to another port in the United
States for consumption entry, subject to the other provisions of this section;
. (2) Such wool, hair, or bristles shall be moved from the coast or border port of
arrival, or in case of I. T. or in-bond shipments, mentioned in paragraph 1 of this
section, from the interior port to the establishment, in cars or trucks or, when especially
permitted by the bureau, in vessel compartments, with no other materials contained
therein, sealed with seals of the department which shall not be broken except by bureau
inspectors or other persons authorized by the chief of bureau so to do, or without sealing
as aforesaid, and with other freight, when packed in tight cases acceptable to the bureau
Inspector in charge at the port of entry; and
(3) Such wool, hair, or bristles shall be handled at the establishment under the direc-
tion of a bureau inspector in a manner approved by the chief of bureau to guard against
the dissemination of foot-and-mouth disease and rinderpest and the discharge of anthrax-
infected effluents.
Regulation 7.-Glue Stock

SECTION 1. Glue stock shall not be imported into the United States except in
accordance with the provisions of this regulation.
SEC. 2. Glue stock which meets the conditions or requirements specified in any
one of paragraphs (a) to (c) following may be imported into the United States
without other restriction, provided that, if originating in or shipped from a
country not declared by the Secretary of Agriculture to be free from foot-and-
mouth disease and rinderpest, said glue stock is in bulk or in bags, burlap, or
other wrapping materials or other containers which have not been previously
used for any purpose:
(a) If it be shown upon inspection by the bureau inspector in charge at the port
of entry or by certificate of the shipper or importer satisfactory to said inspector to
have been properly treated (1) by heat, (2) by acidulation, or (3) by soaking min a milk
of lime or a lime paste; or
(b) If it be shown upon inspection by the bureau inspector in charge at the port of
entry or by certificate of the shipper or importer satisfactory to said inspector to have
been dried so as to render each piece of the hardness of a dried hide; or
4(c) If taken from animals slaughtered under national government inspection in a
country2 and In an abattoir in which is maintained an inspection service found by
the Secretary of Agriculture to be adequate to assure that such materials have been
removed from animals found at time of slaughter to be free from anthrax, foot-and-mouth
disease, and rinderpest, and to further assure the identity of such materials until loaded
upon the transporting vessel. Said glue stock, however, shall be accompanied by a
certificate bearing the seal of the proper department of said national govcrnmPnt and
signed by an official veterinary inspector of such country showing that the therein-
described glue stock was taken from animals slaughtered in such specified abattoir and
found free from anthrax, foot-and-mouth disease, and rinderpest.
SEC. 3. Glue stock offered for importation into the United States, which
has not met the conditions or requirements of section 2 of this regulation, shall
be handled and treated in the following manner after arrival at the port of
entry:

'Names of countries of this character will be furnished upon' request.








(1) It shall be consigned from a coast or border port of arrival to an establishment
discharging drainage into an approved sewerage system or having equipment adequate
for the proper disinfection of effluents: Provided however, That under special circum-
stances the chief of bureau may permit shipments of glue stock to establishments not
so connected or equipped subject to disinfection by such method or methods as he may
prescribe: Provided, also, That upon special permission by the chief of bureau glue
stock may be stored for a temporary period in approved warehouses under bond and
tinder the supervision of a bureau inspector: And provided, further, That I. T. or in-bond
shipments of glue stock may go forward under customs seals from a coast or border
port of arrival with the approval of a bureau inspector at said port to another port
in the United States for consumption entry, subject, after arrival at the latter port,
to the other provisions of this section;
(2) It shall be moved from the coast or border port of arrival, or in case of I. T. or
in-bond shipments, mentioned in paragraph 1 of this section, from the interior port, to the
establishment in cars or trucks, or, when especially permitted by the chief of bureau, in
vessel compartments, with no other materials contained therein, sealed with seals of the
department which shall not be broken except by bureau inspectors or other persons author-
ized by the chief of bureau so to do, or without sealing as aforesaid, and with other
freight, when packed in tight cases or unbroken casks acceptable to the bureau inspector
in charge at port of entry; and
(S) It shall be handled at the establishment utinder the direction of a bureau inspector
in a manner approved by the chief of bureau to guard against the dissemination of foot-
and-mouth disease and rinderpest, and the discharge of anthrax-infected effluents.

Regulation 8.-Bones, Hoofs, and Horns

SECTION 1. Bones, hoofs, and horns of equines, ruminants, and swine shall not
be imported into the United States except in compliance with the provisions of
this regulation.
SEC. 2. Clean, dry bones, hoofs, and horns that are free from pieces of hide,
flesh, and sinews may be imported into the United States without restriction,
provided that, if originating in or shipped from a country not declared by the
Secretary of Agriculture to be free from foot-and-mouth disease and rinderpest,
such bones, hoofs, or horns are in bulk or in bags, burlap, or other wrapping
materials or other containers which have not been previously used for any
purpose.
Smc. 3. Bones, hoofs, and horns offered for importation into the United States
which do not meet the conditions or requirements of section 2 of this regulation
shall be handled and treated in the following manner after arrival at the port
of entry:
(a) They shall be consigned from the coast or border port of arrival to an establishment
having facilities for their disinfection or their conversion into products customarily made
from bones, hoofs, or horns: Provided, however, That I. T. or in-bond shipments of bones,
hoofs, or horns may go forward under customs seals from a coast or border port of arrival,
with the approval of a bureau inspector at said port, to another port in the United States
for consumption entry, subject to the other provisions of 1his s-'ction;
(b) They shall be moved from the coast or border port of arrival, or in case of I. T.
or in-bond shipments, mentioned in paragraph (a) of this section, from the interior
port, to the establishment in cars or trucks with no other materials contained therein,
sealed with seals of the department, which shall not be broken except by bureau in-
spectors or other persons authorized by the chief of bureau so to do, or without sealing
as aforesaid and with other freight when packed in tight cases or unbroken casks
acceptable to the bureau inspector in charge at the port of entry; and
(c) They shall be handled at the establishment under the direction of a bureau in-
spector in a manner to guard against the dissemination of anthrax, foot-and-mouth
disease, and rinderpest, and the bags, burlap, or other containers thereof shall be dis-
infected by heat or otherwise, as directed by the chief of bureau, before leaving the
establishment, or burned at the establishment.

Regulation 9.-Animal Stomachs
r
Stomachs or portions of the stomachs of ruminants and swine, other than
those imported for food purposes under the meat-insprction regulations of the
department, shall not be imported into the United States without permission
from the chief of bureau first had and obtained, and subject to such restric-
tions as he mIy deem necessary in each instance of any such importation.

Regulation 10.-Fertilizers

SE oIoN 1. Dried blood or blood meal for use as fertilzer, which does not
meet the conditions or requirements specified in any one of paragraphs (a),
(b), or (c) of section 2 following, shall not be imported into the United States.
SmC. 2. Bone meal, horn meal, hoof meal, meat meal, leather meal, fish meal,
whale meal, shoddy or wool waste, furriers' waste, wool manure, tankage,
and similar products for use as fertilizers, and vegetable seeds or vegetable
products in whole or in part to be used for fertilizers, which do not meet the










conditions or' requirements specified in any one of paragraphs (a), (b), or (a)
following, shall not be imported into the United States except subject to han-
dling and treatment in accordance with the provisions of section 3 of this
regulation after arrival at the port of entry:
(a) Products specified ih this regulation originating in and shipped directly from a
country declared by the Secretary of Agriculture to be fre6 from foot-and-mouth disease
and riuderpest may be imported without further restriction; or
(b) Proaucts specified in this regulation may be imported without other restriction
if accompanied by the certificate of a United States consular officer showing (1) that, in
the process of manufacture, the particular product was subjected to a temperature of not
less than 165 F. (73.9 C.), and (2) that such product was transferred from the
establishment where processed, or from a warehouse in the country where processed,
directly to the vessel transporting the product to the United States, either in bulk or in
new bags or containers not previously used for any purpose, or in bags obtained from
a disinfecting station, methods of disinfection at which have been approved by the depart-
ment: Provided, however, That, in the case of leather meal, meat meal, or tankage, and
fish or whale meal, reference to the degree of heat to which the product has been sub-
jected may be omitted from the consular cert ficate; or
(c) Dried blood or blood meal. bone meal, horn meal. hoof meal, and meat meal or
tankcage produced from animals slaughtered under national government inspection in a
country' and in an abattoir in which is maintained an inspection service found by the
Secretary of Agriculture to be adequate to assure that such products were obtained from
materials removed from animals found at the time of slaughter to be free from anthrax,
foot-and-mouth disease, and rinderpest, and to further assure the identity of such ma-
terials until loaded upon the transporting vessel, may .be imported without further restric-
tion if in 'bulk or in new bags or containers not previously used for any purpose, and
if they are accompanied by a certificate bearing the seal of the proper department of
said national government and signed by an official veterinary inspector of such govern-
ment showing that the therein-described product was obtained from materials taken from
animals slaughtered in such abattoir and found free from anthrax, foot-and-mouth disease,
and rinderpest.
SEc. 3. Products specified in section 2 of this regulation, except dried blood
and blood meal, offered for importation into the United States, which have not
met the conditions or requirements of said section 2, shall be handled and
treated in the following manner after arrival at the port of entry:
(1) Leather meal, meat meal, or tankage, fish or whale meal, and vegetable seeds or
vegetable products in whole or in part to be used for fertilizers shall be emptied from the
bags or containers at the coast or border port of entry and the said bags or containers
shall be disinfected by heat or otherwise as directed by the chief of bureau or shall be
burned, following which said materials may be released from further restrictions; or
(2) The materials specified in this regulation and the bags or containers thereof shall
be handled and quarantined or disinfected at the port of entry or otherwise treated as
directed by the chief of bureau.

Regulation 11.-Animal Manure

Manure of horses, cattle, sheep, other ruminants, and swine shall not be im-
ported into the United States from any country without permission from the
chief of bureau first had and obtained and subject to such restrictions as he
may deem necessary in each instance of any such importation: Provide& how-
ever, That manure produced by animals while in transit to the United States
shall be subject only to the requirements of the department regulations govern-
ing the importation of domestic livestock and other animals into the United
States.
Regulation 12.-Previously Used Bags and Bagging

SzeTION 1. Previously used empty bags made from burlap or similar material,
and bagging, patches, or scraps consisting of or made from previously used
burlap or like material, which do not meet the conditions or requirements of
either paragraph (a) or (b) following, shall not be imported into the United
States except subject to handling and treatment in accordance with section 2
of this regulation after their arrival at the port of entry:
(d) Such bags, bagging, patches, and scraps may be imported without other restriction
if originating in and shipped directly from a country declared by the Secretary of Agri-
culture to be free from foot-and-mouth disease and rinderpest; or
(b) Such bags, bagging, patches, and scraps may be imported without other restriction
if shown by the certificate of a United States consular officer, or in some other manner
satisfactory to the bureau inspector in charge at the port of entry, to consist of covers
which have been used for wool, or for cotton which originated in the United States, or to
be sugar bags which have been properly washed at a refinery in a foreign country and
shipped directly from said refinery to the United States.
SEXc. 2I Previously used empty bags made from burlap or similar material, and
bagging, patches, or scraps consisting of or made from previously used burlap or

Names of countries of this character will be furnished upon request.








like material, offered for importation into the United States without having
met the conditions or requirements of section 1 of this regulation, shall be
handled and treated in the following manner after arrival at the port of entry:
Such bags, bagging, patches, and scraps shall be disinfected at the port of entry in
accordance with methods prescribed by the chief of bureau: Provided, however, That if
said materials are to be manufactured into paper or other products they may be for-
warded without disinfection from the port of entry to an establishment approved by the
chief of bureau, where they are to be manufactured, in cars or other vehicles sealed with
the seals of the department, and such cars or other vehicles shall be cleaned and disin-
fected in accordance with the provisions of regulation 16 of these regulations.

Regulation 13.-Hay, Straw, Forage, Mill Feed, and Similar Materials, and
Animal By-Products

SECTION 1. Dried blood or blood meal for use in whole or in part in the feed-
ing of livestock, which does not meet the conditions or requirements specified
in sections 3 or 6 of this regulation, shall not be imported into the United States.
SEC. 2. Except as otherwise provided in this regulation, hay, straw, forage,
mill feed, and similar materials, and animal by-products for use in whole or in
part in the feeding of livestock, shall not be imported into the United States
unless they have been subjected to disinfection, at the expense of the owner or
importer, in a manner prescribed by the chief of bureau before being unloaded
from the vessel or conveyance bringing the same into any port of the United
States, or unless they comply strictly with any conditions which may be pre-
scribed by the chief of bureau. When unloaded and landed, such materials
shall be stored and held in quarantine for a period of not less than 90 days at a
place acceptable to the chief of bureau under such precautions as may be pre-
scribed by him.
SEc. 3. Hay. straw, forage, mill feed, dried blood or blood meal, tankage, and
other materials for use in whole or in part in the feeding of livestock may be
imported without disinfection or compliance with the other restrictions specified
in this regulation if originating in, and shipped directly from, a country deter-
mined and declared by the Secretary of Agriculture to be free from foot-and-
mouth disease and rinderpest.
SEc. 4. Small grains and seeds for use exclusively in the feeding of pigeons
or poultry may be imported without disinfection or compliance with the other
restrictions specified in this regulation if in bulk or if shown upon inspection
by the bureau inspector in charge at the port of entry or by certificate of a
United States consular officer to have been sacked in new bags which have not
been previously used for any purpose.
SEC. 5. Bran, middlings, and other mill feed, corn. oats, wheat, rye. barley,
buckwheat, and other grains, and other materials for use in the feeding of
livestock, or susceptible of conversion into food for livestock after importation
into the United States, may be imported from any country without disinfection
or compliance with the other restrictions specified in this regulation if shown
by the certificate of a United States consular officer to have been sacked at
a mill or warehouse at the port of shipment in new bags which have not been
previously used for any purpose and to have been transferred from the mill or
warehouse in disinfected cars, trucks, or barges directly to the vessel trans-
porting the materials to the United States or to have been loaded upon such
transporting vessel in bulk directly from the said mill or warehouse.
SEC. 6. Beet pulp, dried blood or blood meal, gluten feed, brewers' and dis-
tillers' grains, meat meal or tankage, and other materials for feeding purposes,
shown by the certificate of a United States consular officer to have been sub-
jected in the process of manufacture to a temperature of not less than 165 F.
(73.9 C.), may be imported from any country without disinfection if shipped
from the establishment where produced in accordance with all the require-
ments of section 5 of this regulation for bran, middlings, etc.
SEc. 7. Hay and straw, when used as packing material, shall not be im-
ported into the United States, unless (1) it is from a country determined and
declared by the Secretary of Agriculture to be free from foot-and-mouth disease
and rinderpest or unless (2) it is accompanied by a certificate of a United
States consular officer in accordance with (a) or (b) following or unless (3)
a certificate of the shipper as specified in (c) following appears on the consular
invoice or unless (4) it is burned or disinfected at the expense of the importer
or consignee, in the manner and at the time directed by the chief of bureau;
Provided, That hay or straw from a country not determined and declared by
the Secretary of Agriculture to be free from foot-and-mouth disease and rinder-









pest, when used as packing material for food products other than those in tight
or sealed true containers, shall not be imported into the United States under
any conditions:
(a) I hereby certify that satisfactory evidence has been presented to me that the
{sm.w } used as packing material for the merchandise covered by invoice No.
has been disinfected prior to use by placing it loosely in a tight compartment and sub-
jecting it to the action of live steam, maintaining in all parts of the compartment a
temperature of not less than 185' F. (85 C.) for a period of at least 10 minutes.
(b) I hereby certify that satisfactory evidence has been presented to me that the
bhay used as packing material for the merchandise covered by invoice No. -
tstraw)
has been disinfected prior to use by placing it loosely in a tight compartment having
a temperature of not less than 65 F. (19 C.) and spraying over and into the hstrayw
lstrawf
10 fluid ounces of formaldehyde solution (containing not less thaii 37 per cent formal-
dehyde by weight) for each 1,000 cubic feet of space in the compartment, which was
immediately closed in a manner to prevent the escape of the formaldehyde vapor, and
kept closed for not less than eight hours.
(c) I hereby certify that the merchandise covered by this invoice was packed at the
factory or establishment of ------------------------------- of which I am
(Name of manufacturer or shipping firm)
--------and that ali 4n!,' used in packing the said merchandise was obtained
(Official relation) AstrawJ
from the disinfecting station at ----------------------------. methods of disinfec-
tion at which have been approved by the United States Department of Agriculture.

Regulation 14.-Methods for Disinfection of Hides, Skins, and Other Materials
Hides, skins, and other materials required by these regulations to be disin-
fected shall be subjected to disinfection by methods found satisfactory and
approved from time to time by the chief of bureau.

Regulation 15.-Placarding Cars and Marking Billing

SECTION 1. Transportation companies shall securely affix to and maintain upon
both sides of all cars carrying products or materials specified in these regula-
tions, the movement of which after arrival in the United States is subject to
restriction, durable placards not less than 5% by 6 inches in size, on which
shall be printed with permanent black ink and in boldface letters not less than
1% inches in height the words "Restricted import animal by-product" These
placards shall also bear the words "Clean and disinfect this car." Each of the
waybills, conductors' manifests, memoranda, and bills of lading pertaining to
such shipments shall have the words "Restricted import animal by-product,
clean and disinfect car," plainly written or stamped upon its face. If for any
reason the placards required by this regulation have not been affixed to each
car, or the billing has not been marked by the initial or the connecting carrier,
or the placards have been removed, destroyed, or rendered illegible, the placards
shall be immediately affixed or replaced and the billing marked by the initial
or connoting carrier, the intention being that the billing accompanying the
shipment shall be marked and each car placarded as herein specified from the
time such shipment leaves the port of entry until it is unloaded at final destina-
tion and the cars are cleaned and disinfected as required by regulation 16.
SEC. 2. If it is necessary to unload en route any of the products or materials
specified in this regulation, the car from which the transfer is made and any
part of the premises in or upon which the product or material may have been
placed in the course of unloading or reloading shall be cleaned and disinfected
by the transportation company, in accordance with the provisions of regulation
16 and the transportation company shall immediately report the matter, by
telegraph, to the Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry, Washington, D. C.
Such report shall include the following information: (a) Nature of emergency;
(b) place where product or material was unloaded; (c) original points of
shipment and destination; and (d) number and initials of the original car, and
number and initials of the car into which the product or material is reloaded in
case the original car is not used.

Regulation 16.-Disinfection of Cars, Boats, Other Vehicles, and Premises

SErCIoN. 1. Cars, boats, other vehicles, yards, and premises which have been
used in the transportation, handling, and storing of products or materials
specified in these regulations, the movement of which after arrival in the








United States is subject to restriction, shall be cleaned and disinfected under
the supervision of the bureau at the time and in the manner provided in sections
2 and 3 of this regulation. Except as hereinafter provided in these regulations,
cars, boats, and other vehicles required by this regulation to be cleaned and
disinfected, shall not be moved in interstate or foreign commerce until they have
been cleaned and disinfected under the supervision of the bureau in accordance
with sections 2 and 3 of this regulation.
SFC. 2. Cars required by these regulations to be cleaned and disinfected shall
be so treated by the final carrier at destination as soon as possible after unload-
ing and before the same are moved from such final destination for any purpose:
Provided, however, That when the products or materials are destined to points
at which an inspector or other duly authorized representative of the bureau is
not maintained or where proper facilities can not be provided, the transporta-
tion company shall seal, bill, and forward the cars in which the products or
materials were transported to a point to be agreed upon between the transpor-
tation company and the bureau, and the transportation company shall there
clean and disinfect the said cars under the supervision of the bureau.
Six. 3. PARAGRAPH 1. Cars required by these regulations to be cleaned and
disinfected shall be treated in the following manner: Collect all litter and other
refuse therefrom and destroy by burning or other approved methods, clean
the exterior and interior of the cars, and saturate the entire interior surface,
including the inner surface of the car doors, with a permitted disinfectant.
PAR. 2. Boats required by these regulations to be cleaned and disinfected shall
be treated in the following manner: Collect all litter and other refuse from the
decks, compartments, and all other parts of the boat used for the transportation
of the products or materials covered by these regulations, and from the portable
chutes or other appliances or fixtures used in loading and unloading same;
and destroy the litter and other refuse by burning or by other approved meth-
ods, and saturate the entire surface of the said decks, compartments, and other
parts of the boat with a permitted disinfectant.
PARL 3. Buildings, sheds, and premises required by these regulations to be
disinfected shall be treated in the following manner: Collect all litter and other
refuse therefrom and destroy the same by burning or other approved methods,
and saturate the entire surface of the fencing, chutes, floors, walls, and other
parts with a permitted disinfectant.

PERMITTED DISINFECTANTS

SwE. 4. PARAGRAPH 1. The substances permitted for use in disinfecting cars,
boats, other vehicles, and premises are as follows:
(a) Saponified cresol solution at a dilution of at least 4 fluid ounces to 1 gallon
of water.
(b) Liquefied phenol (liquefied carbolic acid) at a dilution of at least 6 fluid ounces
to 1 gallon of water.
(c) Chloride of lime (U. S. P. strength, 30 per cent available chlorine) at a dilution
of 1 pound to 3 gallons of water.
PaR. 2. The use of "saponified cresol solution as a disinfectant is permitted
only when it shall conform to the following requirements:
(a) The formula of the product shall employ not less than 28 per cent by weight of
linseed oil or soy-bean oil or mixtures thereof, or the chemically equivalent proportion of
the fatty acids derived from either or both of these oils. Either caustic potash, caustic
soda, or a mixture of caustic potash and caustic soda may be used to form the soap.
The cresol used must be at least 95 per cent pure, and enough of this commercial grade
of cresol (crtsylic acid) must be employed in compounding the disinfectant to bring the
actual amount of cresol in the finished product up to 50 per cent.
(b) The product shall remain a homogeneous liquid when cooled to 32 F. It shall
contain substantially no free oil. fatty acid, or excess alkali. It shall be readily soluble
in cold distilled water; the solution shall be practically clear and shall contain no globules
of undissolved oil or cresylic acid.
(c) Manufacturers wishing to offer saponified cresol solution as indicated above for
use in official disinfection must first submit to the bureau a sample of at least 8 ounces
for examination, together with a statement of the formula employed and a guaranty
that the product will be maintained of a quality uniform with the sample submitted.
(d) To prevent confusion, each product must bear a distinctive trade name or brand
together with the name of the manufacturer or distributor.3 There. shall be no mention
of the United States Department of Agriculture or the Bureau of Animal Industry on the
labels, containers, or printed matter accompanying products permitted to be used in official
disinfection.

Employees of the bureau will be informed in Service and Regulatory Announcements,
or otherwise, of the trade names of saponified cresol solutions permitted to be used in
official disinfection.






10

Regulation 17.-Territorial Possessions
These regulations shall be applicable to all the products and materials specified
in this order which are offered for entry into the United States from any place
under the jurisdiction of the United States to which the animal-quarantine laws
of this country do not apply.


APPENDIX
LAWS UNDER WHICH THE FOREGOING REGULATIONS ARE MADE
AN ACT To enable the Secretary of Agriculture to more effectually suppress and prevent
the spread of contagious and Infectious diseases of livestock, and for other purposes.
(32 Stat. 791.)
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States
of America in Congress assembled, That in order to enable the Secretary of
Agriculture to effectually suppress and extirpate contagious pleuropneumonia,
foot-and-mouth disease, and other dangerous contagious, infectious, and com-
municable diseases in cattle and other livestock, and to prevent the spread of
such diseases, the powers conferred on the Secretary of the Treasury by sections
four and five of an act entitled "An act for the establishment of a Bureau of
Animal Industry, to prevent the exportation of diseased cattle, and to provide
means for the suppression and extirpation of pleuropneumonia and other con-
tagious diseases among domestic animals," approved May twenty-ninth, eighteen
hundred and eight-four (twenty-third United States Statutes, thirty-one), are
hereby conferred on the Secretary of Agriculture, to be exercised exclusively by
him. He is hereby authorized and directed, from time to time, to establish
such rules and regulations concerning the exportation and transportation of live-
stock from any place within the United States where he may have reason to
believe such diseases may exist into and through any State or Territory, includ-
ing the Indian Territory, and into and through the District of Columbia and to
foreign countries, as he may deem necessary, and all such rules and regulations
shall have the force of law. Whenever any inspector or assistant inspector of
the Bureau of Animal Industry shall issue a certificate showing that such officer
had inspected any cattle or other livestock which were about to be shipped,
driven, or transported from such locality to another, as above stated, and had
found them free from Texas or splenetic fever infection, pleuropneumonia, foot-
and-mouth disease, or any other infectious, contagious, or communicable disease,
such animals, so inspected and certified, may be shipped, driven, or transported
from such place into and through any State or Territory, including the Indian
Territory, and into and through the District of Columbia, or they may be ex-
ported from the United States without further inspection or the exaction of fees
of any kind, except such as may at any time be ordered or exacted by the Secre-
tary of Agriculture; and all such animals shall at all times be under the control
and supervision of the Bureau of Animal Industry of the Agricultural Depart-
ment for the purposes of such inspection.
SEc. 2. That the Secretary of Agriculture shall have authority to make such
regulations and take such measures as he may deem proper to prevent the
introduction or dissemination of the contagion of any contagious; infectious, or
communicable disease of animals from a foreign country into the United States
or from one State or Territory of the United States or the District of Columbia
Sto another, and to seize, quarantine, and dispose of any hay, straw, forage, or
similar material, or any meats, hides, or other animal products coming from an
infected foreign country to the United States, or from one State or Territory or
" the District of Columbia in transit to another State or Territory or the District
of Columbia whenever in his judgment such action is advisable in order to
guard against the introduction or spread of such contagion.
SEm. 3. That any person, company, or corporation knowingly violating thbe
provisions of this act or the orders or regulations made in pursuance thereof
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be punished by a
fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars,
or by imprisonment not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprison-
ment.
Approved February 2, 1903.





11

[Extract from an act of Congress entitled "An act to provide revenue, to regulate com-
merce with foreign countries, to encourage the industries of the United States, and-for
other purposes." Approved September 21, 1922 (42 Stat. L. 858, 937)]
SEC. 306 (a). That the importation of neat cattle and the hides of neat cattle
from any foreign country into the United States is prohibited under such rules
of inspection as the Secretary of Agriculture may determine.
(b) If the Secretary of Agriculture shall determine that such importation
will not tend to the introduction or spread of contagious or infectious diseases
among the cattle of the United States, he shall officially notify the Secretary of
the Treasury and give public notice that the operation of subdivision (a) of
this section shall be suspended as to any foreign country or countries, or any
parts of such country or countries.
(c) That any person convicted of a willful violation of any of the provisions
of the preceding subsection shall be fined not exceeding $500, or imprisoned not
exceeding one year, or both, in the discretion of the court.




































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